Pipiwharauroa - September 2013

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Mahuru 2013



Pipiwharauroa Pukapuka: Rua Te Kau


Mere Pōhatu We must vote whānau. Let me tell you why? Health Boards and Councils and their plans, policies and strategies make the difference whether we stay poor or become rich. It’s quite simple really. It’s just like in our own households. If the decision-makers and the people who set the rules in our own homes start to ignore the needs of the rest of the household, things go off in a bad way. If you have a whole lot of households run by people controlling the money and spending it on the wrong things, you end up with a whole lot of whānau who feel ignored, disenchanted and disconnected. Then pretty soon you get a whole lot of people behaving in other not so nice ways. Lots of us don’t vote in general elections, iwi elections, local government elections, health board elections, School Board of Trustee elections, our land elections. The list goes on. Yet this same sector of non-voters can crash the electronic voting systems on Hōmai Te Pakipaki, think about Chad Cambers and Eddie Brown and X-Factor NZ think about Whenua Patuwai. We can crowd out the fields at Pā Wars to represent our Marae. Even the Events Centre at the show grounds isn’t big enough to hold us all when Kapa Haka fever kicks in. We can launch a book about the 28 Māori Battalion C Company and crowd out Te Poho ō Rāwiri coming from all corners of the nation.

Take Great Care Whānau When Parekura died, the numbers coming to acknowledge Parekura far exceeded the entire Tairāwhiti population. That same community, who looked after Parekura in life and death, attracted every scientist of any worth to their little township to look at and talk about the Transit of Venus. How did that happen? Aunty Pat knows. The weird thing is, the rest of the population, and it would be fair to say local decision-makers, don’t really know what we like, don’t know what we do, and don’t know anything about the stuff that makes us be great citizens and for us to get ahead. Most don’t realise that we all got housed in certain suburbs by policy not choice. We’ve run out of resources to make some of our land work for us, because we’ve had to move away in significant numbers just to go to work. We sometimes don’t rate the education system enough to make sure our kids get the best deals and outcomes. We mostly don’t even know what the Council stands for or how the Health Board can actually help us with our good health. We know these two local entities in a bad way. Rates going up that we can’t afford to pay, lots of loud chatter from within about high rates arrears on Māori land, poo in the sea, and nothing but moans and groans about roads and footpaths and sporting grounds and stuff like that. We think the Health Board is just about the hospital, maybe dying and nothing about our babies, children, teenagers, us and our pakeke living longer.

This election we can change all that, but first we must VOTE. There are enough very talented candidates who know us. And know us well; really well. They know the nearly half of the Tairāwhiti population who don’t vote. They know, and I know you know, who they are. They know to get regional development going, this sort of thing starts with the whānau and the family. They know the most successful businesses in Tairāwhiti with the best long term outcomes are family businesses. They know that high speed, ultra fast, always connected whānau in education means highly engaged communities. They know highly engaged communities keep the whole of local government and the health board on its toes and at the top of its game. I am looking, and I want you to also look and think whānau; to look for candidates who know and really want to excite and engage all of us who don’t vote. We don’t vote because we don’t want to, we don’t vote because we see no real reasons why we should. There is nothing even slightly appealing about having folks sitting around a Council table making decisions on our behalf who have limited knowledge about our marae, the Treaty, our kapa haka, our education, our housing, our land, our whānau connections, our language, our war efforts, our aspirations, our employment, our glorious past and our incredible future. I reckon vote for the people who know us. Really know us. Surely I don’t have to name them whānau?

E ngā uri o Tūranganui-ā-Kiwa

A deceptively simple measure of when they knew the job was done was when kaimoana and kaiawa was again bountiful and safe to eat. To this end the Gisborne District Council has recently started work with the Tūranganui ā Kiwa Water Quality Enhancement Project Group. The overall Project falls under a GDC Consent Condition “to improve the water quality and mauri of Tūranganui ā Kiwa.” The group’s first project is to develop innovative methodologies that utilise shellfish as environmental sentinels.

Tēnā koutou. Anei rā te karanga ki ō koutou Rūnanga mō te āhuatanga ō te wai. Kei te āwangawanga te poari o te Rūnanga mo ngā paru kei te tukuna ki ngā wai e te kaunihera ō te rohe o Te Tairāwhiti. Ehara i te mea he take mā te kaunihera anake. He take nui te wai mō tātau katoa. Koia rā te wai e rere ana i tō tātau whenua hai whāngai i ngā hua ō te oneone me te moana hai whāngai i ngā ika, i ngā kararehe, i ngā manu, i a tātau ano hoki. Ki te kore he wai i te whenua, ka kore he ao. He whakarite taua āhuatanga o te wai ki te whenua ki te oranga ō te tangata. Ki te kore he wai mā te tangata, kāre e ora te tangata. He take anō te paru e tohatoha ana ki tēnā, ki tēnā, i tēnā o ō tātau kāinga. Me ata whakaaro tatau ki tera tikanga. Tuatahi ra, kua whakamana kētia e te kaunihera-ā-rohe me te kawanatanga. Mai rā anō, na te kāwanatanga i whakararu te whenua. Tuarua, me mātua mōhio tātau ki ā tātau whakautu. Ki te kore tātau e whai whakaaro mō te wai e tika ana mō te hauora, te inu, nō wai te he? Kua tae mai te wā ki te whakawhaiti i tō tātau tirohanga ki te ātaahua ō te taiao, te hauora ō te ao e tino hiahiatia ana e tātau hai tuku iho ki ngā whakatipuranga. -Dr Hope Tupara Te Rūnanga ō Tūranganui ā Kiwa Chairperson

Inside this month...

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Local Body Elections Special GDC and Mayoral Candidates

Panui: Tuaiwa

Photo of the 3 Rivers courtesy of Mel Grant

2020 is an interesting number. In terms of Gisborne Wastewater it was about 20 plus 20 years ago that Uncle Darcy, Uncle ‘Naki and other Iwi leaders steadfastly led the charge to have human waste removed from the ‘Bay,’ Tūranganui ā Kiwa. Theirs was a perfect 20:20 vision of the future of Tūranga, restore the mauri of the moana by removing biological and cultural contaminants. They were unimpaired by complications of resource consent processes, permitted discharge activities and operative District Plans but driven by tikanga and kawa. As descendants of the regions First Fishers they set out to return the right and ability to harvest and sustain their whānau with the bounty of Tangaroa.

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Gisborne Ward Candidates

2020 is also a Consent Condition year whereby the GDC with its “best endeavours” will attempt to remove human sewage from the Bay. The GDC’s Wastewater Technical Advisory Group is charged with investigating additional treatment stages and Alternative Uses and Disposal of Gisborne’s wastewater with the goal of meeting the 2020 consent condition.

2020 is also about two GDC election terms away. The recent unpublicized flushing of raw sewage into Tūranga rivers has highlighted the challenges that still exist. And with Council elections about 20 days away there is an opportunity for the community to prioritise these challenges that faced our Iwi leaders 20 plus 20 years ago. Whāia te iti kahurangi, ki te tuohu koe me he maunga teitei. -Ian Ruru Tūranganui ā Kiwa Water Quality Enhancement Project Group

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GDC Rural wards and TDHB Candidates

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tranga health

Malaya Veterans Day 2013

Founded October 1898 Pukapuka: Rua Te Kau Pānui: Tuaiwa Te Marama: Mahuru Te Tau: 2013 ISSN: 1176 - 42288

Pīpīwharauroa takes its name from ‘He Kupu Whakamārama Pīpīwharauroa’, which was printed in October, 1899 by Te Rau Print and edited by the late Reverend Reweti Kohere. Pīpīwharauroa was re launched on 20 October, 1993. Produced and edited by: Te Rūnanga o Tūranganui-ā-Kiwa Tūranga Ararau Printed by: The Gisborne Herald Email: pipiwharauroa@ta-pte.org.nz Phone: (06) 868 1081


Kōrero Time with Mātai Smith Tēnā koutou katoa ngā iwi o te hau kāinga. Well, as I write this column, we are still match point in the America’s Cup race and Oracle are still creeping closer and the score is now locked at 8-5 which means Oracle are four wins away from being the party poopers and pouring cold wash on a Queen Street celebration. Hopefully by the time this goes to print, we will have the darn cup in our hands and wiped the smile off billionaire Larry Ellison’s face. It’s been a pretty hardout couple of days and there’s only so much one’s puku can turn and churn therefore I am sending all my positive thoughts and vibes to Team NZ as I write this and hopefully when you read it, you will smile and be thinking, “It’s okay Mātai, Dean and the team brought the cup home!” However I shall divert my attention from a waka on the water to a waka in the air and voice my absolute delight at seeing an article online recently saying that we can look forward to cheaper airfares between Gisborne and Auckland soon. In summary it read, “Air New Zealand yesterday announced cheaper air fares between Gisborne and Auckland, including a new cut price lead-in fare of $79.” I have to say as a Gizzy-ite currently residing in Auckland it’s a pleasure to read these kinds of articles. What, with the way petrol prices are at the moment, they are horrific! I always compare a $300.00 drive home with a return airfare. Sometimes when the unexpected happens I go first to the Air NZ website but nine times out of ten due, to the ridiculously expensive fares, I have no choice but to drive via the Waioweka Gorge home. In fact contemplating a visit home this weekend I logged onto the Air NZ website to find out that it would cost me a staggering $767.00. Admittedly I could have gone cheaper but the times would not have suited. Although a one hour flight beats a six hour drive home, in these tough financial times, sometimes you just have to take the long road






Pipiwharauroa 'He Kōrero'

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Te Ara Tika Trust

Te Ara Tika Trust is the only Kaupapa Māori Problem Gambling service in Tairāwhiti and is uniquely Kaumātua governed. We embrace people requiring our services based on whānau values and our values of tika (right/ good practice), pono (faith/ Matua John Pomana trust) and aroha (love.) We (Chairperson) want to make a difference by strengthening whānau and creating gamble-free communities, one of the ways that we do this is by providing free counselling. We have seen over 240 whānau since November 2011 that have suffered, or continue to suffer, harm caused by gambling. When someone has a gambling problem it doesn’t normally just affect them but the special people in their lives as well and that is why we frequently need to work with the wider whānau. More wāhine gamble, or are affected by gambling, and this trend is happening nationwide. The opening of the Auckland Convention Centre has saddened us but we know that communities that stand together and speak together have made a difference in Tairāwhiti such as the removal of pokies in coastal communities.

Kaumātua – (from back left) Matua Bill Aston, Whaea Lois McCarthy-Robinson, Matua Boycie Te Maro (front left) Whaea Nona Aston, Whāea Buddy Kururangi, Whaea Olive Isaacs, Matua Temple Isaacs.

What is Harm? Harm suffered by gambling can be: • • •

Personal – feeling down about what you are doing Social – missing time with friends and family Economic – making financial losses and trying to win it back

Harm affects you or others: •

In your family, community, work place, or society at large

Roimata Waihi and Henry Ngarangione are our two kaimahi and they understand the extent of harm suffered by people who gamble and are creative in the ways they help them. They provide a mobile service and if you want them to meet you in your home then that is where they will go. If you want your whānau and friends there to support you, that is fine as well.

Roimata Waihi roi@tatgtown.org.nz 06-214 3258 0274545938

Our Kaimahi tell us that there are whānau out there trying really hard to reduce and even stop a whānau member who is spending more money on gambling than they intend to or can afford. They also hear the success stories from tamariki and rangatahi about their caregivers who have reduced or stopped their gambling and are now able to buy them shoes or clothes or other things they would often miss out on.

Henry Ngarangione henare@tatgtown.org.nz 06-214 3269 0274545934

Some whānau have learnt to reduce their time at gambling venues or managed to replace their gambling with other activities. If you want to come and talk to us you can call by phone; or text or email one of the kaimahi as listed. Tūranga Ararau Forestry Management START A NEW CAREER pathway in forestry management here in Gisborne where you can complete the first year of the 18 month National Diploma in Forestry (Operations Management) – Level 5 with us before gaining direct entry into the Waiariki programme to finish the full diploma. This course also offers the Certificate in Technical Forestry Management - Level 3 focusing on the technical areas of the industry that can be completed as a ‘stand alone’ qualification. Students with good sixth form grades/ NCEA completions have the entry level requirements for the programme as do people who have worked in the industry. There are limited FEE FREE places through our scholarship programme for the first year of study and the course is approved for student loans and allowances. or stay home and save your pinga. So ‘big ups’ to Air NZ and Mayor Meng Foon who is working on a strategy to get more people from overseas visiting Gisborne to create even more demand and thus more flights into Gizzy and, hopefully, more ‘cost effective’ prices for us living in the City of Sails.

VOTE TUTEKAWA WYLLIE FOR GISBORNE DISTRICT COUNCIL Ngāti Ruapani, Rongowhakaata, Ngāi Tāmanuhiri, Te Whānau ā Iwi, Te Whānau ā Kai. Te Aitanga ā Māhaki

Speaking of which sorry Mum and Dad, but I won’t My Pākehā ancestors arrived here in be home this weekend, you’ll just have to wait until about 1832. Labour Weekend for my next scheduled visit, I had I bring with me experiences and skills hoped to come get my Manutuke / Gisborne fix but gained as an All Black (823), Māori instead I’ll be home in Auckland celebrating our All Black, Wellington Representative, Member of America’s cup win ...I hope. Parliament, MBA Henley Management College In the UK and currently Business Owner in Gisborne City. Mātai


Pipiwharauroa 'Ko Wai Hai Mea - Mo Te Kaunihera?'


With valuable input from our regular columnist Mere Pohatu, Mayoral and Council candidates were invited to respond to the following questions: Question 1: What is your position on Māori Land and its development in Gisborne District Council region? Question 2: Do you have a particular way you see the Council working with local Iwi Rūnanga and trust entities to seek better economic and social outcomes for Māori communities and people? Question 3: What is your opinion on raw sewage being released into our rivers as happened in mid August and what would you think should be done to prevent this situation happening again? We received responses from all the Mayoral candidates and 26 of the 29 candidates for the Gisborne District Council.

Mayoral Candidates Meng Foon Tēnā koutou ki a ngā kaitautoko o Meng, ngā mihi nui rawa atu ki a koutou kātoa. Tēnā anō tātau i ō tātau mate huhua, rātau kua wheturangitia, na rātau ī pupuri ngā taonga tuku iho, ma tātou hei tiaki, e manaki ēnei taonga, ki a rātau mā, haere atu rā. I have been working with and supporting Tairāwhiti Iwi all my life, my support is in many ways by giving vegetables to tangi, mārena, rā whānau, poroporoaki, whakatuwhera, karakia moata, and much more. I visit the homes and places where people have matters they wish to discuss, so I can get firsthand the issues of that whānau. Council is continuing to work through the issues of wastewater to ensure mauriora of our mana motu haketanga. "He tangata kanohi a wau" Pootitia ā Meng hei mea. I lend my support in many ways for Māori development and I inform myself by attending hui, I have good working relationships with all the chairs and committee member of Iwi and whānau and hapū. I support where I can and develop Council policy to support the aspirations of Tairāwhiti Iwi. At present I am working and supporting Ngāti Porou with aquaculture, potential land development with manuka honey through science and innovation, on farm training through Lincoln University, growing capacity through cooperative farming, dairy opportunities, wood processing, alternative energy, health resort with rongoa at Te Puia, Waiapu river restoration. I support Rongowhakaata with Marae restoration, fresh water quality policy, the facilitation of the Te Hau ki Tūranga back to the railway station, the walkway from Gisborne to Muriwai, Waipaoa river floodway, water supply and Ngāi Tāmanuhiri with the Waingake enviro project, Te Kuri ā Paoa heritage and habitat project, walkway from Gisborne to Muriwai, water supply. I support Te Aitanga ā Māhaki and Ngā Ariki Kai Putahi with implementation of Iwi management plans and the Waipaoa river floodway. In the next few years Iwi are going to be the largest economic influences in Tairāwhiti and I am keen to see all Iwi succeed. Pootitia ā Meng hei mea.

Gary Hope

The day Gisborne East Coast was declared an “economic backwater” was the day I decided to stand for Mayor again. I believe Iwi will be major players in our economic well-being and I look forward to working with them in my role as the new Mayor. I believe that in support of the Crown's decision to distribute these assets back to the Māori, it is local government’s responsibility to assist the various Iwi and Māori entities in developing this land via more proactive regulatory processes and ensuring that suitable infrastructure is in place to support their enterprises.

There needs to be real consultation between council figureheads and Iwi for the various Māori entities. Together they must work to ensure lessons are learnt from both successful and unsuccessful local and Māori enterprises. These open communication lines and collaboration will ensure we protect our heritage and provide our people with a platform that supports their education and growth and protects and prospers their whānau for generations to come. Sewage in our rivers is absolutely abhorrent and one of my first priorities as Mayor will be to investigate how to fix this problem so it doesn’t happen again.

Nguha Huirama-Patuwai

Also standing as Councillor for Matakaoa Waiapu Ward Māori land in Aotearoa is a complex issue. We are underresourced because our ability to research, monitor and manage our land comes with a cost. Access to information is still a problem. We need to be able to travel up to only 20kms to access this. The major parties involve Māori whānau and hapū, Rūnanga, MLC, the GDC and general support from New Zealanders. The five propositions that the Māori Party and the National Government are hoping to use to amend the Ture Whenua Māori Act is an attempt to resolve the issue of multi-owned land, addressing the four million dollar Māori Rating debt that is currently unresolved and creating Māori land development potential. The concept of, ‘engaged owners’ is a practical one, but must practise justice and fairness for whānau who live away from home in managing land that belongs to all of us. The issue of multi-owned land places the challenge of finding solutions, squarely on our shoulders. Land in the possession of the Crown and its agencies must be returned to its original owners. In conclusion, the eternal challenge is that we have full, exclusive and undisturbed possession of our land and that treaty guarantee is yet to be honoured. I absolutely have an opinion on how I see the Council working with local Iwi Rūnanga and trust entities to seek better economic and social outcomes for Māori communities and people. We are treaty partners; the guarantee of protection is both a human and indigenous right. We can collaborate with other communities and this is happening right now up the East Coast. Local whānau and hapū are considering a collaborative development with ‘Ata Milk’. It is a pan-whānau, pan-hapū, multi-unit initiative focusing on high end whole milk and later, UHT milk. It has the potential to create multi-streamed responses that eventually will create employment opportunities for both rangatahi and whānau in general. For us on the coast, Manuka honey, oil, neutriceuticals and wood products have the potential to complement Ata Milk.

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A bio-fuel industry and housing prefabrication based on the coast can also address Māori employment and housing needs. In regards to raw sewage being released into our rivers, the Māori formula for waste disposal is simple. We are the children of Mother Earth and as such our flesh, blood, bones and waste return to her. The connection and the Māori demand for this practice is non-negotiable. As Tiriti partners, we have every right to demand this process. The current practise of disposing waste in the sea is an insult and abomination. This disconnect is in giving our waste to Tangaroa and Hinemoana. The argument that there is no evidence of human DNA in treated waste misses the point completely.

Council Candidates Gisborne Ward Craig Bauld

Gisborne Ward I'm Pākehā, I'm not going to tell Māori how to handle their land. I'm very encouraged that TRONPnui have some ideas because there is some wonderful land on the Coast that is under-utilized. Crikey your questions are hard! The initiatives have to come from Māori, Council has to be ready willing and able to assist as much as it can. And I think we are, most councillors would love to see economic development for Māori. I certainly want it. But Council can't lead the process, or do it for Māori. Sewage in our rivers, another hard one. I'm the money man, I'm not going to make silly promises like some candidates will, because that just means they don't know what they're talking about. To guarantee it never happens again would cost every ratepayer in Gisborne $10,000, which is impossible. In reality, pipes need scouring occasionally, just like your toilet needs scrubbing. I'm sorry if these answers don't please everyone, but they are honest.

Clive Biddy

Gisborne Ward Kia ora. Tribal land is regarded by Māori in many different ways to that owned by Pākehā. The spiritual value of the land often takes precedence over its economic value. And, if Council is to establish a working relationship with Māori landowners, then it must accept this principle above all else. The encouragement of support industries to enable Māori to take advantage of their natural resources in their own way are opportunities for Council to help. Māori have made huge advances with their resource management practices and the current discussion on the development of the East Coast dairy industry is a good example of their innovative thinking. Most Māori from these organisations want a hand up, not a hand out. Again, it is about creating environments that enable locals to get on and do it for themselves. I understand that the alternative disposal methods were examined in depth at the time a decision was made to proceed with building the current system and the Council went for the one that offered the best guarantees at the time. I guess we will have


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to try and upgrade the current system as soon as a modification is available to reduce and hopefully eliminate the spills. The replacement of some of the old sewage lines will go a long way to reduce the problem.

Meredith Akuhata Brown

Gisborne Ward

There needs to be some robust discussions with both Iwi and GDC around Māori land as obviously the GDC are looking at outstanding rates for this land and often the land is not lived on and has multiple owners. Local councils can decide to remit (not collect) rates for particular Māori freehold land or to postpone collecting the rates for the land if the council has adopted a policy on this and the particular land meets the criteria under the policy – for example, that it is unoccupied and earns no income. More Māori representation at local council is one way to see better outcomes as Mäori have been underrepresented on councils following the last three local government elections. Iwi Management Plans may be formal planning documents similar to Council policy documents, or they may be a statement of Iwi policies in a less formal and detailed memo or report. Plans may be developed by Iwi, hapū or whānau and provide a statement on the position of the tāngata whenua on a range of issues so that these can be heard and considered by Councils and other stakeholders. Personally I was very disgusted and angered that raw sewage has been released into our rivers. Based on the amount of money that has been spent on the wastewater infrastructure I would have thought that by now our local council would have this particular matter in hand. Apparently the decision was made because the storm-water was causing the sewage system to back up which would have caused all the manholes on the roads to pop open. This means we still have a huge issue with aging pipes and infrastructure that is not able to work with the current volume of rainwater. I know that not only were our local Iwi disgusted but residents and sporting codes that use the Awa were all disgusted as the Awa is one of our most treasured taonga. I think the incoming council needs to establish whether the new wastewater system needs more funding to make it more efficient when there is heavy rain.

Manu Caddie Gisborne Ward

I pushed for Council to formally review the issues specific to Māori land, one of the positives to come out of this is a new position dedicated to supporting Māori land owners with options for their land. The massive deficit of unpaid rates and penalties should be addressed by central government and we need to work with Iwi and other councils to get traction in Wellington on this. I really want to see the Tūranga Local Leadership Body established. As a Statutory Standing Committee of Council that is comprised of councillors and mana whenua representatives this committee will ensure Council will cooperate a lot better than they have to date with local Māori on not only environmental but social, cultural and economic development issues. Raw sewage being released into our rivers is completely unacceptable and while it makes me feel ill on a number of levels, it is likely to have made some whānau physically sick. I put the heat on Council staff when Ian Ruru brought this to my attention in early July. Since then we have got a lot of traction with staff now working on options

'Ko Wai Mo Te Kaunihera?'

for (a) bringing forward the planned upgrades of the system; and/or (b) emergency measures to contain the sewage temporarily so it can be put back into the system once water-levels revert to normal. The health of all our waterways is a priority and I fully support the Tūranganui-a-Kiwa Water Quality Enhancement Project that has wide scope and potential to make some real progress.

of the family. Whether Government or Rūnanga have accepted Māori land to be sold that should be a priority with this issue being withdrawn and the land stays in the whānau, generation after generation.

Andy Cranston

In respect of sewage in our rivers it should have been allowed to happen. Accountability should stand with the person who gave the authority for that to happen and where that authority filtered down from to that person.

Gisborne Ward

Māori have the skills and rights to determine the future use of their own land. I am hopeful that we will see more development of the unproductive portions and for it to become financially beneficial and a true asset to the owners. E toru tau ahau e ako ana i te reo Māori. E tika ana kia mōhio ki ngā te ture, te wairua me ngā tikanga o te Ao Māori. The iwi management plans are a way forward together. The settlements are a fantastic opportunity for not only Māori but the whole community. Council should ensure that any opportunities to facilitate and co-operate on initiatives are supported. Me tū kotahi. Engari tonu, Kāre au e whakaae kia tukuna ngā paru ki ngā awa me te moana. The wastewater plant has been a huge step but there is work needed. Our aging infrastructure is on a priority upgrade schedule with a significant budget. Kāore e pai to release untreated tūtae. Heavy rain events remain problematic and we must also keep up the mahi to cleanse the rivers, a critical asscociated issue. The protection of healthy safe kaimoana is essential.

Alan Davidson Gisborne Ward

I view that land owners have the right to work their land as they see fit to get the return they desire. Similar to any entrepreneur. They put in the time and investment, they take the risk, whether it be general or Māori ownership. It’s up to Council to put in place the infrastructure to assist by way of roading, power, stop banking etc, to ensure owners receive the same fair treatment across the board. I do not differentiate between Māori and Non Māori ownership. The best people to know what works best for Māori are Māori. As I answered in Q1, where opportunities are recognised, whether by individuals, trusts, Iwi, Rūnanga, then it’s up to Council to ensure the same infrastructure is put in place to assist, as it would any other entity. Nobody, Māori or Pākehā, condone sewage flowing into streams, rivers or ocean, especially with the likelihood of contamination. Obviously it is work in progress, and ratepayers have spent millions to date steadily improving our waste disposal. In my view, it’s an exceptionally important aspect of Council infrastructure to ensure a healthy environment. Until major improvements are made to the sewage piping in certain areas of the city, that is storm water getting into the sewage system, then when rain events occur, so will release. In my view, these repairs should take place over and above footpaths for tourism sake. Thank You.

I'd like to see the Rūnanga move into the Council to listen to them and Meng and find out where they can merge up with Māori issues and general issues.

Dr Amber Dunn Gisborne Ward

Te Aitanga ā Hauiti, Ngai Tāmanuhiri, Ngāti Porou, Te Whānau ā Apanui Coastal Scientist and Environment Adviser Māori land is an asset in this region. With Treaty settlements under way or completed, these assets will surely be under investigation for new, smarter development purposes. This will assist with economic growth and employment opportunities for the district. Local Iwi and trust entities have huge capacity to drive new and improved economic initiatives and social outcomes. Council should become key partners in these initiatives and strongly support such desires. What sets Iwi, or tangata whenua, apart from all over groups or interests is they derive from these lands; this region contains their sacred lands, waters and mountains. They are deeply rooted to this place; their land and waters is of utmost importance, since their identity and cultural heritage is attached to it. With this setting, they will forever be devoted kaitiaki of their precious taonga. We know their initiatives will take form in a sustainable manner and that the care of their taonga will sit level with the use of those taonga. It would be very hard to say this about outside interests or outside businesses or industries, who more often than not, like to dip in and out of our resources for their personal gain. I am a representative on the Wastewater Technical Advisory Group (WTag) and am fully aware of the history of sewer overflows to our rivers, and sewer 'bypasses' of the wastewater treatment plant during large rainfall events. The most significant operational issue of our piped wastewater system is direct stormwater inflow and stormwater infiltration which, during periods of prolonged rainfall, results in the volume of sewage exceeding the capacity of the pipes. I believe a complete re-think of the sewer overflow issue is urgent. Our current philosophy of shifting the poo from a localised problem area and spreading it through our city rivers which then flow to our city beaches is abhorrent. This region can do much, much better and needs a well-thought out plan of how to, once-and-for-all, eliminate this issue. I am, and will continue to be, a staunch 'poo-lution' fighter.

Larry Foster Gisborne Ward

Hemara Donnelly Gisborne Ward

Māori land should not be taken out of the hands of Māori families who own the land. It should pass through the generations and not be sold outside

I support any development of Māori Land in our district. All land is valuable and can produce some sort of income or food chain if the commitment is there to make it happen. Land is our biggest asset and

Pipiwharauroa ' Ko Wai Mo Te Kaunihera? '

should be encouraged to be productive in one way or another. Whether it be farming, horticulture, viticulture or beekeeping, land can accommodate many sustainable activities. Walking and trekking is becoming very popular within the tourism Industry, so if land owners have historical sites, beautiful scenery and natural settings, this could also be an option to consider. The best way Council can work with Iwi, Rūnanga and Trust entities is to form a respectful relationship that encourages all to work together for better economic and social outcomes. Collaboration can achieve some incredible results. Respect and trust must never be compromised.

Raw sewerage being released into our rivers is a practice totally unacceptable for me. It is obvious major investment is needed to upgrade our ancient storm water system. I am a regular water user so am passionate about water quality. I would insist on a total review of our storm and sewerage system to achieve the most appropriate outcome.

Allan Hall

Gisborne Ward I was a solicitor in Gisborne for 40 years and during that time went to the Māori Land Court acting for clients. I accept the principles of Te Ture Whenua Act as to the retention of land but also the development of Māori land. I do not see a conflict with retention, ahi kaa, and development. The latter arises from effective management. Trusts can work so long as trustees can work together, are not too many and are able to meet easily to make appropriate decisions. I have seen in my Waitangi Tribunal work how Māori have been wrongly deprived of land. I trust that the recent settlements will provide an impetus for development. I am confident that Council will do all in its power to assist owners who wish to develop land. Council should meet with Iwi Rūnanga on a regular basis and recognise Council’s obligations under the Settlement Acts. I do not like raw sewage in rivers but on rare occasions when pipes can’t cope it may be unavoidable; the answer is a programme to renew pipes. That is ongoing.

Trevor Helson Gisborne Ward

These sorts of issues should only be decided on once you are fully informed of all the facts and if any new councillor trying to get elected comes out with firm positions without all the facts then they are treading on thin ice. They could well find out once they are elected that the situation is very different from what they thought it was. Having said that, Māori land should be given every opportunity to contribute to the welfare of the owner/s and the council should not be putting up road blocks, recent changes in the RMA might assist here. But it is for the owner/s to decide what they want to do. In terms of working with Iwi, the Treaty makes demands on the Council that need to be honoured and sewage into the rivers is unacceptable but I fear the solution is not an easy one and we may be forced to live with it for a while yet, I hope not, but I can’t say that for certain until I am aware of all the facts.

Peter Jones Gisborne Ward

I favour a rate rebate for undeveloped Māori land. The New Zealand government seems to have designed a system that gives Māori back some of their land and then makes it almost impossible for them to do anything with it. The GDC controls the rating and permitting process through the RMA and local building regulations.

I'm not keen on corporate control of Māori assets. Corporate culture is not Māori culture and gives little back to shareholders. Even if the people running the corporation are Māori the result is the same. The shareholders are the "Māori communities and people" and I think mission creep is spoiling some outcomes. The GDC needs to simplify the permitting process so that ordinary Māori landowners can actually create income and pay rates. The sewage situation is appalling but the decisions that took us there came before me. I'm told it will take another $25 million to properly integrate the new system with the old one. Even then it still tips into the drink at critical weather moments. I will search for real solutions with both eyes open and really like the sound of composting toilets even though that would mean scrapping a $70 million misadventure.

Tina Karaitiana Gisborne Ward

Kia ora, I have whakapapa affiliations to Ngāti Porou, Te Aitanga ā Māhaki and Tūhoe descent. I bring a fresh perspective to making greater use of community knowledge, improving outcomes for young people; reducing rates inequality across the district and enhancing community relationships. With extensive governance and leadership experience, a commonsense approach, solution orientated and excellent people skills underpin my skills to represent the people of our district well and add value to the discussions of Council business. An area in which Council could make improvements is in the resource management consents process and associated costs however the legislative process may prohibit any changes. Building strong relationships with Māori entities should be a strategic objective of Council. The increase in the Māori economy signalled as a result of the claims process will be significant and therefore working collaboratively across the corridors of cultural differences is a positive way forward for our community and the Council. I view this issue of preventing raw sewage being discharged into our rivers as being a key investment priority for the Council and acknowledge that Council has set aside $26 million for this work. It is imperative to place urgency on the timelines for completing the work in order to mitigate a health risk on our community.

Selwyn Parata Gisborne Ward

Tēnā tātau te iwi kāinga o Te Tairāwhiti tae atu hoki ki ngā karangatangamaha e noho nei i o tātau taha. Tangihia o tātau mate, kaore hā taku kōka ā Te Anaupare Bena (Mato /Pīpī) Tuhaka, moe mai koutou i te pō, okioki ai.

Page 5

"Ko te whenua te waiū mō ngā uri whakatipu, tōku tūrangawaewae". Our job as today's Kaitiaki is to utilise the whenua for our well being while at the same time leaving it in a better state for the next generation. The responsibility for our whenua is first and foremost our collective responsibility. We, the respective landowners/ shareholders, need to determine its best uses and how it can be developed to ensure it is productive and therefore sustaining the people and mitigating any risk of the land being alienated. We need to ensure we have people sitting at the council table who are committed to these principles and our "world view of whenua" so that the regulations and by laws the Council develops and implements are cognisant of this. We are here for the long haul and have a long-term view of development. Key to this is the need to retain control of our lands and be captains of our own enterprise and destiny. Recognising that Māori are 47 percent of the district population and are a significant part of the population that will grow therefore changing the demographics of our district, we should be a major participant in all areas of decision-making including the Council. Substantive representation at the council table will complement and enhance the work of our local rūnanga, Iwi, hapū and whānau. They are all vehicles for cultural, social, environmental and economic development targeting specific groups of people. The Council and rūnanga are at the macro - level and Iwi, hapū and whānau trusts at the micro-level. We need to use them all because they all access and utilise various levers including political, financial and people resources and leadership. Māori are in a unique position to be able to access and utilise them all. As rūnanga rebuild sound economic platforms for their respective Iwi, hapū and whānau, this will also benefit the district as a whole. We need a Council that realises this inevitability and actively engages with rūnanga and Iwi to support and enable this development to happen sooner rather than later. A step in this direction will be a Council that ensures equitable representation on all relevant local boards and committees. As a member of the Iwi Leaders Group on Freshwater and RMA reforms I have contributed to the development of Te Mana o Te Wai, a tikanga based framework that will inform the development of district water management plans and therein guide water quality, water use and waste management. The proposed RMA reforms establish a set of requirements for councils to engage and consult with Iwi/ Māori on RMA issues. Councils will have to comply with these requirements and report annually on their performance, in other words councils will have to engage in meaningful dialogue with Iwi/hapū as a matter of course not as acts of whim. To ensure our council is at the forefront of these improvements, Māori in Tairāwhiti need to be voting Mana Māori Motuhake and vote for the Iwi kāinga representatives in these elections. Ki te manaaki tātau i te whenua ka manaaki anō te whenua i a tātau.

Clare Radomske Gisborne Ward

I believe that the issues and opportunities regarding Māori land are for Māori to determine and any way Māori want to work with the GDC is OK with me. Regarding the sewage issues I am not a waste water engineer, but there has got to be a solution to this problem.

Pipiwharauroa 'Ko Wai Mo Te Kaunihera?'

Page 6

Katie Tamanui - Thomas Gisborne Ward

In respect of Māori land and its development in our region it offers Growth in Business, Growth in Tourism equals JOBS!!! I know business and I know tourism and I know that development of Māori land by Māori owners has huge business and tourism potential in this region. I see the Council working with local Iwi Rūnanga and trust entities to seek better economic and social outcomes for Māori communities and people but that can only happen with better Māori representation at the Council table. I believe it’s achievable at this election especially with the excellent Māori candidates standing. It’s in our hands Māori, just tick the box. I am definitely against the release of sewage into our rivers and beach. There was a suggestion in the Gisborne Herald recently to let Papatuanuku heal this. That might be a waste water treatment plant similar to the system in Christchurch.

Rehette Stoltz Gisborne Ward

It would be a sensible decision to encourage development of Māori Land in our region, but proper and thorough consultation with Iwi and landowners is essential. Our region has vast areas of undeveloped Māori Land, and if landowners and Iwi are keen to investigate development, GDC should encourage and support that. Interesting business ideas for the development of Māori Land have been bounced around recently, and thorough investigation into the viability of any proposals should be rigorously investigated. It is very important for Council to work closely with our local Iwi Rūnanga and trusts. It is essential to keep the two-way communication channels open. Te Aitanga ā Māhaki has recently finalised their Iwi Management Plan (IMP) with Council. It should be one of Council's goals to formalise similar arrangements with all Iwi. The situation with raw sewage being discharged into our river is not ideal. This is a major issue that our engineers are working on urgently to address. The problems with our underground pipe-systems failure to accommodate wastewater during major weather events has been a long-term ongoing problem. It is an extremely complex and very expensive project and one that I would like to see fast-tracked.

Brian Wilson Gisborne Ward

It is important that Māori continue to own and control development of their own land. GDC has a responsibility to consider the economic and social outcomes of its people. Therefore it makes sense to have good relationships with those people and, in particular, representative bodies of the people. GDC already has a number of organisations it interacts with which include Iwi Rūnanga and Trusts and it is through these organisations that Council can learn their aspirations such as with Iwi management plans. With this knowledge Council can more efficiently be guided in its own planning documents. No one likes to hear raw sewage has been discharged into our environment. The only way to prevent this

is to spend more on the sewage and storm water networks. $25 million is in GDC’s ten year plan to help address this. Whether this is sufficient and whether the community would be prepared to pay more rates to ensure it is, I am happy to engage with the community about it.

Tutekawa Wyllie Gisborne Ward

Our connection for Māori to the land is the most important. To understand this connection is to understand our people. We are merely guardians, obliged to pass this treasure on in better condition than what it is now. The future generations will decide for those yet to come In respect of the Gisborne District Council working with the local Iwi for better economic and social outcomes tangata whenua will lead the way and the Council can facilitate this action. We cannot sit on the sideline with the Council needing to set a Iwi economic development committee that will provide economic development leadership for the benefit of all of the community. Māori are leading the way as investors. We are 50% of the region’s population and own about $500 million assets The dumping of paru /effluent in our turangewaewae must stop, it should not be put in the ocean either. There are no excuses only consequences. A land based effluent management system owned and operated by the community will be our legacy. We must not pass our sins on to future generations. Election Special Continued on Page 11

Ngā Kaitiaki o

Te Maungārongo

Kia orana koutou, Sergeant Rob Rutene continues to get around our communities, connecting with our people while building relationships and partnerships. The Tairāwhiti police are formulating Māori Focus Forums with Ngāti Porou, Te Rūnanga o Tūranganui ā Kiwa and Wairoa which is exciting for us all. There is already really good mahi going on in our communities and I want to ensure that Police are supporting it. We are completing a stock take on what we are doing with our youth and vulnerable victims and whānau and seeing how these measure against the four objectives of the ‘Turning of the Tide’ which is an Iwi led Crime & Crash strategy. I will be reviewing what we are doing to ensure that we have our resources in the right place. There will need to be some changes if we are going to make the biggest impact to reduce crime and crash in Tairāwhiti and further enhance safer communities. Iwi leaders have shown an interest in developing a Taumata group to represent these focus forums but it will take time as we need to ensure that we get it right. Public place violence continues to challenge us in Gisborne. There were 27 events over the weekend involving alcohol and disorder in the city and the suburbs, most involving youth. This should be concerning to a lot of our parents whose children are involved. These young people are ending up at the police station or being taken home by my staff who are concerned that some parents either don’t care or understand just how serious this situation is. It is their children who are running the risk of being seriously hurt or causing considerable harm to others, parents you need to know where your kids are and what they are doing and please, whānau, don't give them alcohol. If you are having a party, register it with the police and we will liaise with you to ensure that your party is safe and controlled. We do not want to be picking up the pieces during the early hours of the morning. Police are planning another Operation Shephard focused on rangatahi on our streets at all hours of the weekend and we will be looking to some of our partners to support it. Ending on a happier note, there are many in our communities throughout Tairāwhiti who volunteer their services including Māori wardens and hospital, SAR, Civil Defence, Ambulance and fire volunteers. With the police we have community patrol, front counter and CCTV camera volunteers to name a few. We acknowledge them because, if they weren't there, our job would be a lot harder. In respect of this I acknowledge Starr Ratapu who passed away last week, gone from us but not forgotten. Starr worked alongside some fabulous women who are also volunteers at the public counter at the Gisborne police station. They do an amazing job, providing a smiling face to members of our community who visit the police station. Thank you Starr for your loving, caring service to our communities, rest in peace my dear and know that our work will continue. Kia Manuia. Sam Aberahama Inspector Area Commander: Tairāwhiti



Pipiwharauroa 'Ngai Tmanuhiri'


Page 7

Sweet News

Restoration News

Anei rā te mihi, te mihi nunui, te mihi mahana ki a koutou. Piki mai, kake mai ki a Toi Tāmanuhiri. Scott Riki - Iwi Conservator, Kylie Tapsell and Audine Grace Kutia - Dept. of Internal Affairs, Dean Whiting - Historic Places Trust

Te Poho o Tāmanuhiri conservation works inside of our Whare Tupuna are progressing well thanks to the mahi of Scott and support / advise of Dean Whiting. Department of Internal Affairs local advisors Audine and Kylie are key to the Marae conservation and development plans for the next 5 years.

Rangiwaho AGM 2013

Earlier in the week, a delegation of Ngai Tāmanuhiri land Incorporation representatives, Iwi Trust and Tūranga Ararau were hosted by Watson and Son's Mānuka Honey, Masterton - who are leading a dynamic Mānuka Honey kaupapa that fosters Iwi into the phases of the growing, bee hive keeping, processing, production, research and marketing of their global honey medicinal business. Progress is being made locally with the siting of hives, assessment of areas for plantings and the co-ordination other Iwi Land Incorporations within the Tairāwhiti region interested in a relationship with Watson and Son's Mānuka Honey. Ngai Tāmanuhiri acknowledge the leadership of Ta Tamati Reedy and Denis Watson in bringing this kaupapa to Tairāwhiti.

Koinei te whakakitenga e pā ana ki te Iwi o Ngāi Tāmanuhiri. Mai i ngā rā o mua, tae noa atu ki ngā ra o muri, i whakapuakitia te tikanga, ngā kōrero, ngā waiata, ngā wawata hoki mō ō mātou whānau. Ko tā mātou hīkoi i ngā tau tekau kua pahi, he mea whakamārama, he mea mamae, he mea wewete hoki. I whawhai mātou, kua tau i a mātou ngā take e pā ana ki te Tiriti o Waitangi. Heoi, kua tae mai te wā, kia whakanuia ō tātou Tūpuna, Whānau, Mokopuna hoki. Kua ora ake te iwi o Ngāi Tāmanuhiri. Toi Tāmanuhiri has been born from a desire to express the history, stories, songs and aspirations of our Whānau, from the past, the present and perceptions of the future. Our journey in recent decades has been illuminating, painful and liberating as we fought for and then settled historic breaches to the Treaty of Waitangi. The time has arrived to celebrate our Tūpuna, Whānau and Mokopuna.

We have survived

Upcoming Events: On Saturday 21st September we had the first AGM held in the new Whare at Rangiwaho. There was a great turnout from whānau who supported the development plans for stage 2 being the wharepaku, stage 3 the wharekai, audited accounts and voting of new Marae Trustees; Amoria Proctor, Kay Robin, Johnny Matenga and Henare Ngarangione. Steve Gibbs followed with a great update on the kaupapa and progress of Toi Tāmanuhiri.

After the hui, the whānau had a chance to catch up with each other. We are so fortunate to have our Aunty Olive and Uncle Temple keeping us all on track, pictured here with young fella Ian Proctor tino kaitautoko.

In cooperation with the Allan Willson Centre we will be having Professor Nigel French as a guest lecturer on the topic of the importance of fresh water. "Nature provides us with fresh, purified water for drinking and for recreational use. It is one of a number of services provided by our ecosystem and critically important for our health and wellbeing." Thursday 3 October 7pm - Lawson Field Friday 4 October 10 am - Muriwai Marae Friday 4 October 2 pm - High School to be determined •

Pakeke Hui -Friday 4 October, 10am @ Muriwai Marae

Tamanuhiri Hunters and Fishermen -Thursday 10 October, 6pm @ Muriwai Trust Office

Tutuporoporo me Ngai Tāmanuhiri Whānui Trust Special General Meeting and AGM -Sat, 16 November, 10am @ Muriwai

Rangatahi Programme -Daily during holiday break @ Muriwai

Unveillings at Muriwai Marae -Caley Walker 5 October -Kaipau Pohatu 19 October

Proceeds from sales go towards our Kohanga, Marae & Taonga Restoration Projects Haven't heard from us recently?

If you haven't recieved panuis recently (either posted or emailed) we may not have your correct information or you may not be registered. For more news and events, please visit our We've been working and progressing on updating and confirming our Facebook page - https://www.facebook.com/ registered iwi & friends of the iwi, but if we hven't reached you yet, Ngai.Tamanuhiri or visit our website: http:// please take a moment and go to http://www.tamanuhiri.iwi.nz/ www.tamanuhiri.iwi.nz/ registrations/ and fill out the appropriate form. (If you already are registered, this will only update your details) Kia ora!


' Ng Tiriti ō Tūranganui'



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te haere, ahakoa pōuriuri mai he kōpatapata noa te maringi mai o te ua. Engari ki te pupuhi mai i te moana, he marangai kai te haere. I mua he reporepo tēnei whenua. I nohia aua repo e te taniwha nei e Matakaka i te roto i te taha matau ō te marae. Ko te ingoa ō taua roto ko Poukokonga. E rua ngā putanga ki te moana. Ka rere atu ki te kōawa ō Ōtiere, ki Tāwhao, ki te awa ō Waipāoa puta noa ki te moana.

Ngā Tiriti ō Tūranganui He whakamārama: He pitopito kōrero ēnei i whakataungia kia tāngia ki te Pīpīwharauroa hai whakamārama ki te nuinga kāre e mōhio ana i ahu mai ēnei ingoa i whea, ā, nō wai hoki. Nā tēnei whakaaronui ka tīmata te rangahautia ō ēnei ingoa. Heoi anō he tīmatanga noa tēnei. Kei a koutou kē ngā korero. Mēna he kōrero kei a koutou hai tāpiri atu ki ēnei, īmēratia mai, waea mai ki Tūranga Ararau. Me mihi hoki ki te Whare Pukapuka Whakamaumahara ki a H.B. Williams, ki te ipurangi me ētahi atu i kapohia mai ngā kōrero tāpiri. He mihinui tēnei ki a koe Mako, nāhau nei i tuku mai ētahi o ngā kōrero e pā ana. Arohanui ki a koe me tō whānau. Me mihi hoki ki koe Taha mō ngā maramara i ngahoro mai i ōu ngutu. Kāre anō kia mutu.


Whakatō Koinei te ingoa kei te huarahi me te marae ō tēnei rohe. Ko te tikanga ō tēnei kupu arā he rite ki te rumaki. He kupu ēnei e hāngai ana ki te maara kai pēra i te ono. (transplant). Whakatō, rumaki, ono, ngaki, huripoki. Engari i te taenga mai ō ngā Mihinare ka whakamahia tēnei kupu, ‘Whakatō’ mō te whakauru i te wairua whakapono ki te tangata. Arā te ‘whakatō i te kākano’ ō te wairua tapu ki te hunga i huri ki te hāhi Mihinare i tō rātou taenga mai ki Manutuke i ngā rau tau kua mahue ake. E ai ki, ko te ingoa ake o te wāhi tū o te marae i mua ko “Kaupapa pā” engari nō te tau 1842 ka whakatūria te mīhana tuatahi ka tapaina ko “Whakatō” arā, ko te whakatō i te rongopai. Ko te mīhana tuatahi i waipukehia nā reira ka nukuhia te mīhana ki te whenua e mōhiotia nei ko “Whakatō”.

Ko te marae kei tēnei huarahi arā, ko Pahou. He whakamaumaharatanga tēnei ki te tipuna nei a Taharākau. He tipuna rongonui, ā ko te ingoa ō te wharenui arā ko Te Poho ō Taharākau. Nōna hoki te mana tūhono ki Tūaraki. Ko te ingoa ō te whenua kei runga te marae e tū ana ko Matakaka. Ko ngā hapū arā, ko Ngāti Maru, ko Ngāi Tāwhiri. He kōrero anō tēnei i te wā e pakanga tonu ana ngā iwi. Ārā kē a Ngāti Maru i Whangarā engari ka rīriri ki a Konohi ka panaia mai e Ngāti Konohi i reira. Pōuri ana i te hokinga mai, te iwi tino whai mana, nui ngā toa kua korekore noa. Nā Te Ikawhaingata i pōhiri i Kaupapa, ā nā te moemoe haere ka rahi ake anō te iwi me te mana ō Ngati Maru ka ū anō te mana whakahaere ō Ngāi Tāwhiri me Ngāti Ruawairau. Ko te wāhi i nōhia e rātou ko Toiotekāinga arā e mōhiotia ana i tēnei wā ko Tuaraki i runga i te whenua ō Taharākau me Te Aringa ō Ngāti Kaipoho. I te mutunga o te tekau ma waru rau tau ka tino whānui rawa atu te hapū ō Ngāti Maru me ētahi atu uri ō Rongomairatahi. Nā tēnei hononga, ko Rongowhakaata. Ki ētahi i ahu mai te ingoa “Tuaraki” i te kōrero, “I te wā kei te whiti tonu te rā” arā e tika ana kia kaua e mau ki waho i te tōnga o te rā. Ahakoa kei whea rātou me tae rātou ki ō rātou kāinga i mua o te tōnga o te rā. Pōuri ana kua puta ngā kēhua.

I ngā rā ō mua koinei anake te huarahi ki te Wairoa. Nō muri mai ka tapahia te rori e mōhiotia nei ko “Wharerātā”.

Te Huarahi ō Wharerāta Ka tīmata mai tēnei huarahi i te ara tākawhio ō Manutuke ki Mōrere. E ai ki ngā kōrero, i ahu mai tēnei ingoa i ngā whare i hangaia mai i te rākau rāta i ngā rā mua. Ko tētahi whakamārama, he maha ngā whare i tūtū ki waenga ō ngā rākau rāta mai i te Muriwai ki Mōrere.

Vote Katie Tamanui-Thomas for Gisborne District Council and Tairawhiti District Health Board • Practical • Knowledgeable • Capable Tuaraki Ko te tikanga ko ngā hau ēnei ka heke mai i ngā paemaunga arā ō Manawarū me Papatū. He hau, e ai ki, mirimiri i te whenua o te whārua ō Manutuke. Ka heke mai ki te whenua i ngā pae maunga, he tohu pai, he rangi ātaahua kei

This ad approved by Katie Tamanui-Thomas

Pipiwharauroa Page 9

'Ngarimu V.C.'

Historic recordings revealed in time for 70th Anniversary of VC Investiture This year marks the 70th Anniversary of the award of the Victoria Cross to 2/Lt Moana Ngarimu for his role in the Māori Battalion’s attack on Point 209 at Tebaga Gap in Tunisia. It was the sixth VC to be awarded to a New Zealander in the war, and the first to a Māori soldier. The significance of the decoration, won at the cost of young Ngarimu’s life, led to a very special hui in New Zealand. The public investiture ceremony was held at Ruatōria, Ngarimu’s home town. This Sunday 6 October a commemorative hui to mark the investiture will be held at Whakarua Park in Ruatōria as part of the Sir Apirana Ngata Memorial Lecture Series. A handful of the remaining Māori Battalion veterans will be honoured guests at the hui which commences with a powhiri at 9.30 a.m. The following account of the hui is taken from the book Ngā Tama Toa, pp. 282-283.

The Investiture Hui The day before the hui, Governor-General Sir Cyril Newall opened two centennial buildings; Ruakapanga meeting house at Tolaga Bay and, at Tokomaru Bay, Hinematikotai, the largest dining hall on the East Coast. Performers, Māori Home Guardsmen and school children arrived at pā in and around Ruatōria in readiness. Fourteen-year-old Matire Ruru had been selected, along with her cousin Wi Kingi, to represent Te Karaka District High School. I assume we were chosen because of who our grandfather was [Henare Ruru]. We travelled by bus and were dropped off at Hiruharama Native School where we slept in the classrooms . . . We met other kids, yet felt quite strange among all these people. We were pretty closeted where we came from and to us the Coast was another world.44 Three hundred performers had been brought together from the Gisborne district alone. Sixty cars, many volunteered by Gisborne residents, and 600 gallons of petrol were used to transport them.45 A train of sleeping carriages brought the 90-member official party from Wellington: Ministers of the Crown, Members of Parliament, heads of the armed forces and government departments, members of the National Film Unit and the press, and the official photographer, John Pascoe.46 Cameramen from the US Marine Corps also headed to Ruatōria to record the event.

More than 7000 people attended the hui with visitors coming from as far away as North Auckland and the South Island. Even more would have turned up but for the rain. When the ceremony was over Ngata was still busy making arrangements to get people home. He was very pleased with his people’s effort: Ngāti Porou and other tribes who took part in the celebration excelled themselves; not only was there the sentiment surrounding the exploits of the Battalion including that which was honoured by the award of the V.C., but there was the pamamae following the loss of the seat. These two factors combined to inspire Hamuera and Maraea Ngarimu, accompanied by Materoa Reedy. Hamuera holds the performance with the spirit the cased Victoria Cross and the sword of his tipuna Tuta Nihoniho, who had of the kaioraora. I remember the commanded the volunteer Ngāti Porou Rifles in the 1880s. Tuwharetoa peruperu at Waitangi in 1934, which was inspired by At Whakarua Park the approach to the pavilion had their escort of Koroki to the marae and been metalled, at least five canteens erected to all that was involved in the Tainui entry feed the visitors, and a camp for the Home Guard to the historic Waitangi marae. I have and other army personnel set up in the grounds. Rain seen Ngāti Tuwharetoa perform on many threatened to spoil the occasion but, as more than a occasions since 1901, but they were superb thousand school children gathered on the park, the at Waitangi. I have not seen Ngāti Porou skies began to clear. Joined by the adult performers, so good since the opening of Porourangi they gave the official party a grand welcome. Ngata’s meeting house in 1888.49 composition had its first public airing and was very well received. Five hours of entertainment followed. Sir Apirana Ngata, who was Master of Ceremonies Ngata introduced each group and speaker, explained at the hui, had lost his seat in the general election the items and kept the programme moving. 12 days earlier, ending his 38-year parliamentary Sixteen-year-old Nolan Raihania was one of the Home Guardsmen who had been transported to the park from their camp at Wharekahika. As well as providing the military parade they helped out around the grounds.


There was a competition for the best action-song and it was won by Te Hokowhitū of Tokomaru Bay. The prize was you got to have this crack band from Hawke’s Bay go back to your marae and play at your dance. It was the band of Adam Puriri. He went overseas the following year.47 A luncheon followed the performances and then the official investiture took place. An inspiring service was led by the Bishop of Aotearoa, Fred Bennett and a minister of the Ringatū Church. The Prime Minister spoke briefly and the citation was read. The GovernorGeneral then presented the Victoria Cross to Hamuera and Maraea Ngarimu. Other decorations were given to Lieutenant-Colonels Bertrand, Baker and Bennett, Major Royal, Captain Porter, Lieutenant Tikao-Barrett and Warrant Officer Martin McRae.

Performers in action on the stage that was erected at Whakarua Park for the hui.

“The presentation to those returned fellows was impressive,” recalled Raihania. “We thought they were just it, having come back from the war, while we were only Home Guard.” 48 During the presentations a rainbow formed casting an arch over the park behind the stage. To Māori this was a supernatural sign indicating the importance of the meeting.

Thousands of visitors passed through Gisborne en route to the hui. A group at the railway station.

Audio Recordings Located The Hui was the largest and most fully documented Māori gathering ever held and it was conducted with the full support of the government. Recently five hours of historic audio recordings of the original hui have been digitised and made available on the 28th Māori Battalion website (www.28maoribattalion. org.nz). This award-winning website, developed by Manatū Taonga - the Ministry for Culture and Heritage on behalf of the 28th Maori Battalion Association in conjunction with Te Puni Kokiri, is already a repository for archival photos, film and audio of the Battalion. The recordings of the hui were made by the National Broadcasting Service which is now Radio New Zealand. Later, Sir Apirana Ngata went back and recorded explanations and English translations of many of the performances. Sound Archives Ngā Taonga Kōrero preserves and maintains these recordings and historian Dr Monty Soutar of the Ministry for Culture and Heritage and coordinator of the 28 Māori Battalion website tracked these taonga down through archivist Sarah Johnston at their Christchurch office. You can listen to recordings on the 28 Māori Battalion website: http://www.28maoribattalion.org.nz/ audio-gallery/all Nā Monty Soutar

Ruaiti (Bub) Taipana

It’s September already which reminds me it is white baiting time in South Canterbury. I can still taste those delicious white bait fritters fried in Mercia’s pan as we sat in the shelter of her lean to by the Opihi River after a relaxing day white baiting. The smell of the river and the fresh air, the utter peace and quiet on those warm sunny days only broken by the sound of the river rushing over the stones on its way to the ocean. And those white bait fritters, yummy, fat, round and tenderly browned on both sides. The aroma drifting from that old frying pan was heavenly!! Mercia would prepare enough to take home for the family while we waited for the tide to turn and the rest, well they didn’t last long.

Upside-down magpie

We used to drop off white bait to whānau on our way home and sometimes that meant stopping into my sister and brother inlaw’s place for a quick visit. My sister in law had a tame magpie that had fallen from its nest up high in a macrocarpa tree when it was only a chick. Her husband Bill had made it a shelter with a run enclosed with wire netting under the very same tree. Their dog disliked the bird intensely, probably due to the fuss everyone made of it. Whenever the chick’s mother flew down to feed her youngster that dog, taking the chance no one was watching, would jump over the fence and lift his leg and pee all over the bird! It made for such a funny sight as the adult bird would then run around flapping it wings to dry off as if it had been caught in the rain. Until I went to live down south my experiences of Magpies had been very limited.

The Opihi River, Temuka, South Canterbury

Mercia Henry was not only my husband’s Hape’s cousin but a dear friend who was nearly 80 at the time. She was quite eccentric and had been white baiting most of her life. Although crippled up with arthritis, she couldn’t resist the call of the river. She would take all of her animals to the river with us, her dog, the four hens, and the two budgies in their cage. I wrote about this in an earlier article, how the dog chased the hens around the car and the budgies always landed upside down on the floor in the back. It was really funny how peace returned as soon as we got to the river, the dog immediately stopped chasing the chooks and went to sleep in the sun, the chooks went off happily scratching around for worms and the budgies settled once placed upright in the shade of the lean to. It amazed me how they all knew when it was time to go home; the dog and the chooks waited in the vicinity of the car ignoring each other but ready to go. Thankfully it was always a peaceful ride home, unlike the journey there.

They are vicious during nesting time and when on the golf course where many of them used to hang out the players had to ensure they wore a hat to avoid being dive bombed by one looking for hair with which to build, no doubt, a cosy nest. I have seen hundreds of them at the height of winter frozen and hanging upside down on the power lines on our way to Twizel.

Mercia has since passed away but she kept on white baiting well into her nineties although she needed her family to help her lift her net, I felt truly sorry for them as she would be swearing and cursing and telling them off for making her feel useless. She told me of her younger days when she used to go to the mutton bird islands during the season with the family to catch Titi, once the season finished for that

A mircophoned bra - what's next?

on the plane, travelling to Auckland, she got into an animated conversation with her fellow passenger, John Ruru, when the underwire of her brassiere made an untimely appearance from the neckline of her crisp white tee shirt. “Oh dear,” she said as she hurriedly pushed the offending object out of sight, “This damn microphone.” With a line like that she should have been a movie star. Earlier this month Ingrid and I flew to Auckland then drove down to Hamilton to watch the All Blacks play Argentina. Although the flight was uneventful we got stuck in traffic on the way to Hamilton for a horrendous two and a half hours, a trip that normally takes about 40 minutes. There had been a nasty accident at Huntly causing us and hundreds of others to be diverted along a narrow country road. There we were crawling along until some ‘idiot’ drove into a drain resulting in us having to backtrack along the road we had just come. Although the game was rather ho hum I enjoyed the atmosphere of the night. All in all, I thoroughly enjoyed the weekend. Hey readers, I’d just have sooner made body contact with an All Black at an airport with a wire forcing its way through the seams of my bra! That would have been a weekend to remember, what do you reckon? A te Wa, Na Bub

Presentation to Youth Court Judges Tutors from Tūranga Ararau and Youth Court Lay Advocates from Family Works Tairāwhiti, recently travelled through to Wellington to give a presentation to all of the Youth Court Judges in New Zealand.

Gossip from the Executive Suite Well back to events of today. Sister Ingrid’s busy schedule requires her to travel around the Motu and she frequently returns with some hard case stories. She recently earned herself a free lotto ticket at the Auckland Airport when she discretely informed a young television presenter who had come rushing out of a cubicle that she had a trail of toilet paper hanging below the hem of her skirt. It reminded me of that roly-poly dog on television.

Mercia at her secret whitebaiting spot


mahinga kai she caught and sold white bait to customers in Timaru, travelling over to the city by a horse and cart. She was a tough lady in her day and liked a drink or two and I loved her!


Pipiwharauroa 'He Rau Mahara'

Not long after on transit home via Auckland, just as the hostess prepared to close the door, a handsome blonde young man came rushing out of the terminal and hurriedly made his way to his seat that happened to be right beside Ingrid. He was like one of those guys you’d love to have close contact with when you were 18. She could feel the heat radiating from his body, no doubt from the mad dash he had just made. Without thinking she turned to him saying, “Gosh you’re hot!” “Thanks very much,” he replied making her for one very embarrassed sister. Another incident still fresh in her mind, same scenario,

The presentation was about the roles they play as cultural advisors in the Gisborne Youth and Rangatahi Court at Te Poho o Rawiri, which was established in 2008 by Judge Heemi Taumaunu and the Tūranga Ararau - Te Ara Tuakiri programme. Gisborne was also the first area to introduce Youth Court Lay Advocates in New Zealand.

Left to Right: Mike Timu, Delicia Scott, Ropata Papuni, Gwenda Findlay and Eru Findlay. Absent – John (Photographer)


Pipiwharauroa 'Ko Wai Mo Te Kaunihera?'

Taruheru Patutahi Ward Steve Scragg

Taruheru/Patutahi Ward

I don't have any position on Māori Land and its development; I do believe it would be an advantage for the Māori land owners and the region to have some of this land in production. There are many areas where it would be best for the land to be left to regenerate so as to stabilize the land and protect heritage sites. I don't have a view on working with Iwi Rūnanga and trust entities but I'm open to suggestions and consultation and believe its best driven by them, with council support when needed provided it fits with the council's role. I am appalled by any discharge or raw sewage into water, I am not in favour of the current discharge into the bay either. It’s not completely avoidable in the region, but we should be able to reduce the risk.

Matakaoa Waiapu Ward Bill Burdett

Matakaoa Waiapu Ward Ngā Mihi I have very strong views on Māori land and its development in the Tairāwhiti region being also the Gisborne District Council region. If you look at what our Māori Incorporations and land trusts have achieved over a long period of growth via intensive development inclusive of good management and supervision, the wealth created and employment opportunities provided shareholders with huge asset value, dividends, educational grants and koha for our koroua and kuia. The Council, by statute, has to work with local Iwi Rūnanga and trust to enhance economic opportunities and better social outcomes for Māori communities and people. There will be a statutory committee meaning a local leaders group consisting of Te Aitanga ā Māhaki, Rongowhakaata and Ngāi Tāmanuhiri formed in the newly elected council; this should go some way to addressing the concerns of local Iwi. The releasing of raw sewerage into the rivers during very severe storm conditions is unacceptable. However after listening to a report by the staff manager responsible for these decisions at the recent Waste Water Management Committee meeting, Council has to invest more resources to upgrade the system that has some 100 year old pipes and lets storm water into the system that cannot cope at peak loading. Unfortunately the problem will not be resolved in the near future. Council putting in place a better method of communicating with our people is a good first step. Thank you for the opportunity to give my views.

Pierre Henare

Matakaoa Waiapu Ward Firstly it is critical to me that Māori land remains in Māori ownership and that it is retained in its collective ownership, if it is already in that form. I believe the Gisborne District Council must support the development of these lands through encouraging sustainable income generation with minimum debt loading. There are Māori land

Page 11

blocks struggling with their rates, and are no longer generating sufficient income to address this issue. Unless there is a meaningful intervention, the options for change are very limited. Removing charges, penalties and fees on these blocks until they are able to develop a business or cottage industry is essential. Providing the infrastructure to support the individual and collective land blocks to explore and establish sustainable streams of income is also important. Small businesses such as manuka extraction, honey, the growing of lavender, proteas and manuka etc like those developed in Te Araroa need support. However, there are many other creative ideas that need the support to get off the ground.

them $26,000.00. Recently the GDC deliberately discharged raw sewerage several times into rivers with no penalty. I don’t believe any discharges into any water ways should be allowed and no one should escape punishment for their actions. Owning a fishing lodge at Motu for international tourists reinforces my stance on not only the social benefits of clean water but also the economic value. My opinion on clean river waters also applies to the sea.

I think it is incumbent upon the Council to maintain direct and continuous relationships with Iwi and hapū. I believe there should be joint-management arrangements on our public resources, especially waterways and reserves. Working with hapū and iwi organisations is critical to developing realistic plans to grow economic initiatives that support Māori land blocks and development within all the communities of the Gisborne region. Iwi and hapū also understand the social issues within their own communities, and therefore a positive relationship will ensure the right projects and programmes are designed and implemented for those specific communities.

This is an exciting time for Māori given the treaty settlements have, for the first time in many decades, given capital to the recipient Iwi, which can provide much needed capital to develop under performing assets specifically land. I know this is the aims and aspiration of Ngāti Porou, having attended a presentation of their vision, and know also this is the vision of Iwi in the western and northern regions.

Untreated effluent and pollution flowing directly out into the moana and riverways is abhorrent to me. I am supportive of the joint management of waterways with hapū and the Council. Iwi and hapū must have an opportunity to exercise their mana whenua and mana moana with their lands and waterways. Waterways within Ngāti Porou also have significant issues with regards to continued erosion and sediment. While the East Coast Forestry Project has created a significant investment for Ngāti Porou landowners and provided cover for erosion-prone land, there still remains significant sections of land that are highly prone to erosion, lying bare. This needs to be addressed to minimise the impact of the erosion on our waterways and seabeds.

Nguha Huirama-Patuwai Matakaoa Waiapu Ward and also standing for Mayor His responses can be found on page 3

Waipaoa Ward Pamela Murphy Waipaoa Ward

The development of Māori Land or retaining its current position is a decision for the owners. If development is the owner’s decision, GDC should assist by making resource consents etc, quicker and affordable. How council works with local Iwi Rūnanga and trust entities to seek better economic and social outcomes for Māori communities is up to the individual councillor. How they use their vote on matters pertaining to Māori will affect the council’s direction. I am proud of my contribution to the Māori residents of Waikohu on social outcomes. I would like the chance to assist in any economic development for Māori communities, especially in the field of tourism. Raw sewage being discharged into our rivers needs balance as far as prevention goes. Shortly after going into production the then new dairy farm at Matawai claimed that it accidently discharged animal effluent into a small stream, fortunately it did not reach the Motu River. The environment court fined

Graeme Thomson Waipaoa Ward Kia ora

This theme fits where the council can assist major gains with Māori economic development by ensuring regulation around land development and land use change, for example dairying, farming, allow Māori to progress their vision. We can come up with all sorts of ideas but this is without doubt where the greatest economic potential is, it can happen and council can help. Raw sewerage discharge is disappointing however only two years ago the city discharged 100% of its sewerage untreated into the bay. Fifty million dollars later this is now only a fraction of a percent created by storm water infiltration during extra heavy rain, and is presently being addressed. I understand the emotion around sewerage discharge because it is undesirable but believe the progress made in the last two or three years and the efforts underway to prevent future discharge holds the high ground and should be acknowledged in this discussion.

Tawhiti Uawa Ward Pat Seymour

Tawhiti – Uawa Ward (Elected Unopposed) I would like to see opportunities for the development of more Māori Incorporations bringing together Māori owned land parcels, as has happened with the Ngāti Porou Whanui Forests model, to further develop pastoral farming possibly even dairying. The Gisborne District Council is currently developing the district water plan. A number of Iwi, Rūnanga and Māori farmers are members of that committee contributing to the development of the plan. Once in place, irrigation and wider economic development of Māori land will be able to progress with some confidence. The process is a model for future district planning. Iwi Management Plans are also a significant step, making sure Council is aware of sites and values and priorities for Māori. It is regrettable that a necessary provision is made for the release of polluted storm water in the case of a significant rainfall event. Following the Environment and Policy meeting Council officers were asked to review the time frames for the proposed upgrade of storm water and pipes in the areas subject to flooding with the goal of bringing forward maintenance and renewals.

Again with valuable input from our regular columnist Mere Pohatu, Tairāwhiti District Health Board candidates were invited to respond to the following question: "As the Tairawhiti District Health Board is responsible for better Māori Health outcomes, what will your strategy be if elected to help in this respect?" We received responses from thirteen of the seventeen candidates.

Craig Bauld My strategy will be the same as always - to strongly support Māori initiatives to improve outcomes for Māori. I'm a typical Kiwi bloke, who is pretty much like a typical Māori bloke - I refused to have a flu injection so I ended up in bed with the flu for a week. Us blokes are dumb, we need to listen to our womenfolk more often!

Clive Biddy For the last 3 years I have been a member of the Tairāwhiti District Health Board Advisory Committee that is a sort of peer review committee and have used that time to champion any developments that might improve the healthcare available to Māori residents of Tairāwhiti. Of far greater significance however is the completion of the recent “Review of Health Services on the East Coast" commissioned by the Tairāwhiti DHB, Ngāti Porou Hauora and Te Rūnanganui o Ngāti Porou. This review offers many well researched suggestions for improvements to the structure and delivery of health services on the Coast and will form the basis for discussion between the two health boards on the best way to implement its recommendations. I'm sure we will see real change for the better. My experience and passion for all things relevant to the Coast makes me well qualified to be part of the team overseeing this exciting new era. I would welcome the opportunity to contribute.

Bill Burdett I am a member of ‘Te Wai Ora o Nukutaimemeha’ which is the Tairāwhiti District Health Board Iwi Relationship subcommittee. Our chairman, Na Raihania attends the District Health Board meetings and articulates all issues in relationship to Māori health such as diabetes, rheumatics, cancer, heart disease, obesity, strokes and mental health. We have a Māori Health plan that dovetails into the TDHB strategic plan. Our health providers across the district in general do a very good job. If elected I would lobby to ensure they continue to be well resourced. Our Māori health statistics are the worst in the motu and we must strive to do better in addressing the above issues. My personal goal is to ensure the continuation of good health services on the coast. Currently, as a result of the recent review, Ngāti Porou Hauora is consulting our communities. The concerns are the future of our Te Puia Springs hospital and ensuring all

health clinics on the coast are retained. The health and well being of our people are paramount so some hard decisions need to be made.

Barbara Clarke I want Tairāwhiti residents to take more responsibility for their own health. The Health Board, clinicians, PHOs and IWI providers are focused on providing easy and affordable access to a doctor. More health services are becoming accessible through primary care and in community settings. Long term conditions such as diabetes and cardio vascular disease can be detected earlier and with ongoing support and management, hospitalization can be avoided and patients will have better health outcomes. I want to see family health improved with fewer people smoking, particularly pregnant mothers. Babies suffer from a range of health issues because of this behavior. I want to see families enrol their babies with a PHO and get them immunized for preventable diseases. Young children need early dental care to prevent health issues later in life. Do not delay that doctor's visit, the support is in place. If you accept responsibility for your family’s health care you can stay well.

Robert Hunter I cannot speak Te Reo. I once joined the Hospital waiata group and was just hopeless. What I can do though is understand how our health services run. As a past Group Manager and CFO I understand how the District Health Board finances work. Although how most DHB funding is spent is dictated by Government, my strategy will be to ensure that any discretionary expenditure will help ordinary people access expert care. I will advocate for transport subsidies and lower fees for GP visits. I can understand the difficult circumstances that many of our whānau currently endure. I know the suffering and pain that drug use can bring to families. I will never forget the kindness shown to my family on my “Walking for Jonathan” trek from Hicks Bay to Gisborne last April. I will continue to highlight the dangers to mental health that drug use brings.

Peter Jones I am prepared to attend meetings of the relevant Māori community groups and listen. I will make sure that my vote stands for what the local people want. Personally I favour spending more money on preventative programs that offer dietary advice and access to exercise programmes at the Olympic pool and the gym. The Tairāwhiti District Health Board is already committed to the goal of better health outcomes and my role will be to listen to management and the community to make sure we get the best bang for our health dollars.




Pipiwharauroa 'Ko Wai Mo Tari Hauora?'

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health in rural areas and few doctors and clinics. The health status of Māori is ill health, Māori doctors were discriminated against because of their race. The rate of Māori morbidity is huge because they have been assimilated into Pākehā medicines that are contrary to Māori practices. In earlier times Māori had their own medical people, ‘tohunga’ who were healers. The homes we live in are not insulated; the Crown should ensure that all homes here are warm. Mason Durie’s ‘Whaiora’ is a Māori approach that should be emulated. Because of the Crown the exceedingly high Māori death rate nearly wiped us out. It is time that the Crown delivered a better system. Doctor Rayburn Lange provided a Treaty Claim in 2009 but it has not been heard in the East Coast however the Crown can ask the Tribunal to have the claim heard here. This is important as the Tribunal could make recommendations for all health issues to be dealt with and new options put on the table to ensure that, over time, every Māori is healthy, productive and well. We must make sure the Crown works alongside Māori and, in time, we will have health whānau. It’s up to us to make that happen.

Margot Searle I have a vision of a Health system that caters for our diverse range of cultures, with an emphasis on improving family health. Within our district Māori Health is hugely important as we have a high percentage of the population who are of Māori descent. We have very high incidences of diabetes and heart disease and I would be keen to be involved in strategies that give better outcomes than are being achieved at present. In order to address the health issues that Māori are facing I believe we need to begin at a family level. As a mother and grandmother who has been involved in teaching, I would encourage parents or caregivers to become involved in their children participating in physical activity while having a focus on a healthy eating pattern. If families are healthy they can then be educated and in turn become stronger families which is the basis of our society.

Rehette Stoltz The burden of poor health weighs heavily on our local society, with disproportionate health outcomes for large sections of the Tairāwhiti community. Health care statistics for Māori in our region are regularly worse than for Pākehā and we need to keep focusing on this problem. We need to work even harder to ensure better health outcomes for Māori. I would like to address that by maintaining and enhancing Māori and Pacific policies and programmes that the Tairāwhiti District Health Board are already offering. Those include health promotion, screening and health care service models that are culturally specific or tailored. We need to focus on ill-health prevention like increased vaccinations, smoking cessation, better nutrition with regular exercise to name a few.

Atareta Poananga

Katie Tamanui Thomas

The Treaty and East Coast Māori.

Earlier this year my brother died of a massive heart attack. He was only 49 years old. One of my strategies would be to get more of our Māori men to the doctor for regular checkups. When I look at the health of my own whānau, hapū, Iwi and Māori community,

It is a disgrace that the provision of health services is not working for Māori. There have been various claims over the years. It is time that Māori living in the Coast and those in Gisborne have good health but that is not the case. There is poor

Pipiwharauroa 'Ko Wai Mo Tari Hauora?'

and combine that with the poor national statistics on Māori health, it’s not a pretty picture. Better Māori health outcomes have to be supported by Māori, a lone Māori voice around the governance table is not going to do it. I come from a gene pool of heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes. While some might see this as personal, they would be right. I take the health of our people very personal.

Maaka Tibble MNZM Tairāwhiti District Health Board is part of a collective approach to better health outcomes for Māori in Tairāwhiti. It is responsible for the management and allocation of resources to ensure that primary health care services, diagnostic systems, and access to specialist tertiary services are adequately funded to meet the needs of the community it serves. The key strategies moving forward are: improved primary care services, GP and other population health services, occupational health services in the workplace, and a high quality workforce with the appropriate training and development. Improved child and adolescent services including, but not limited to, oral health, immunisation programmes, drug and alcohol, mental health and sexuality services. I am a firm believer in a strong and healthy community, working together to make a difference in Tairāwhiti, especially for Māori.

Huti Watson Kia ora my name is Huti Watson. I grew up in Gisborne, live in my hometown of Te Araroa, and I am offering my candidacy for the Tairāwhiti District Health Board. The disparity in the health system for Māori where health loss is almost 1.8 times higher than nonMāori is deplorable and highlights the long term lack of insightful attention in this area. My strategy to improve Māori Health outcomes is to seek changes and increased transparency to the population based health funding formula that is used to fund the Tairāwhiti. In order to promote equity in health for Māori, health providers to Māori must be resourced more appropriately to reflect their high need status. I also want to improve the collection of ethnicity data to more fully inform the District Health Board of the health status of Māori and prioritise funding accordingly. This data would also be used to inform the community of the health issues facing them, and engender a process of community engagement to seek solutions for preventative work at the community level. My philosophy is, “If you keep doing the same things you will keep getting the same results”. If you want the Māori health burden to be reduced, then you must vote for change. Ngā Mihi

Brian Wilson The best way to improve Māori health outcomes is to empower people themselves with education and support. This allows individuals to know about how to become healthier. Also they can have more control over how health providers interact with them.

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Māori health is best delivered by Māori and Tairāwhiti District Health Board has a role in supporting the skills and performance of these providers. Tairāwhiti District Health Board needs to have good relationships with organisations such as the Midlands Health network and Ngāti Porou Hauora. Health services for Māori on the coast have become a recent focus of attention by Tairāwhiti District Health Board and I believe the outcomes of a review of services there and the resulting consultation with the people, will guide delivery.

Ko tēnei kōrero e pā ana ki te pukapuka rongonui nei, ara Ngā Tama Toa: The Price of Citizenship. Kei te whakamāoritia ngā kōrero, ā, ko Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Porou kei te whakahaere i te kaupapa nei, i raro anō o te mana i tukua mai e ngā mōrehu o C Company o Ngā Taonga a Ngā Tama Toa Trust. Nā Wiremu and Jossie Kaa i whakamāori tēnei wāhanga Taumaha ana te whakaruke mai a nga poma (bombs) a nga Tiamana. 11 nga tāngata i taotū, tokoono katoa no te C Kamupene: Ko Lance – Corporal Bill Ruru, ko Tihore Pariohe, ko Harry Mitai, ko Te Kohakitu (John) Kingi, ko Toka Henry, ratou ko Tui Crawford. Kātahi anō a Mitai ka tae ake. E rua rawa nga taotū ka heipu ki a ia i roto i nga rua tau, i mua i tana matenga i Itari. I te po o te 23 o Hurae, ka neke te Battalion. Whai haere tonu nga matā i te wa e nekeneke ana ratou ki mua. No te ata o muri mai, ka taotū a Marino (Pipi) Te Hei no Reporua, he morehu tēnei no te pakanga i Crete. Ko Wally Milner no Ruatoria te taotū whakamutunga o C Kamupene mo te marama o Hurae, a, hemo tonu 11 atu a ia i ōna taotū. Koianei te whakamutunga o te pakanga tuatahi i Alamein. I te marama o Akuhata – ko te raumati wera tēnei i Ihipa – he wa mo te whakatā, he wa mo te whakatikatika i a rāua ki te whawhai. I karikaritia e ratou ētahi rua mo nga whawhai ki te hoariri, he whakatakoto i ētahi maina, me te torotoro haere i nga pāpu waea ki runga ki te whenua nui mo te pakanga. I tukia e nga Afrika Korps a Rommel te Ope Hoia Tuawaru ki waho o Cyrenaica engari, i katia tana haere kotahi rau kiromita mai i te taone o Alexandria. Ko tana hiahia kia riro i a ia te mana whakahaere katoa o te awaawa o te Nile. Mo te toru marama o mua, ka timata te tītaha haere o te mana whakahaere o te koraha nui o te Nile. No te whakatūranga i a Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery, hei āpiha whakahaere i te Ope Hoia Tuawaru, i tere tonu tōna inoi atu ki te Tari Pakanga kia homaitia he pū totika, me ētahi atu pū mīhini totika mo tana ope hoia.

tuki mai ma waenganui tonu o te Afrika Korps, na konei hoki a ia i tahuri ki te rarau atu i ētahi pū mīhini hou me ētahi Hoia Tāpiri ki roto i tana rōpū Hoia. Na Montgomery i whakatau kia whakatā tana rōpū i te tuatahi i mua i ta ratou whakaekenga ki te tuki i te hoariri. No te 2 o Akuhata, ka hoki a waewae te Maori Battalion i roto i te pouri ki te mura o te ahi. I tau atu ratou ki rāwāhi mai o te Whārua o El Mreir, e pare whakatehauāuru atu ana i kō tata tonu mai o nga rua o nga hoariri. Tumeke ana nga Maori i to ratou ohonga ake i te ata, i to ratou kitenga atu i te tini tūpāpaku. Kua puta kē te haunga, me nga rāpihi e tohatoha ana. Rango katoa i nga wāhi katoa, kei te tukutuku mai hoki te hoariri i a ratou matā. Na tēnei tuāhua, ka whakataungia e nga kaiārahi hei te po ratou ka kai. Ko nga rāpihi me āta tahu, a, me tika hoki ta ratou tāpuke i nga hamiti me ērā atu o nga rāpihi a te ope Hoia. No te po, ka mauria mai e nga Engineers ētahi compressor hei tohu i a ratou kai. Kātahi anō ka hoki mai te ora ki nga hoia. Na nga Hoia Maori i whakatū he (double dannert) he taiapa pāpu waea pēnei i te koriana te whakatakoto haere i runga i te whenua me te herehere ma te waea ki nga pōhi (apron wire). He mahi tino whakamataku tēnei. Wiriwiri ana nga papa o nga Hoia notemea kei te whakatū taiapa ratou, kei te whakaruke tonu mai nga pū a nga hoariri. Tino kaha rawa atu nei te wera o aua rangi mahi, a, ko te mahi a nga hoia he whārōrō kore hāte i runga i nga hīti whenua (ground sheet) kia kore ai ratou e pakapaka i te kirikiri wera. I konei hoki ka mate a Hemara Aupouri – tētahi o nga toa i hoki mai i te pakanga i Crete – i mate a ia i te 3 o Akuhata. I taua po tonu ka taotū a Corporal Joe Campbell, no te 5 o Akuhata ko Sergeant Hubert Baker i mate, no te 8 o Akuhata ka mate a John (Sonny) Jensen. I taotū a ia i te maramara matā o tētahi mortar. Kātahi anō ia ka tae mai ki te Battalion i roto i te Rōpū Tāpiri. I noho atu te Maori Battalion i taua takiwa i El Mreir mo te marama o Akuhata. I rāwāhi tonu mai ratou o nga Ope Itariana. Ahakoa to ratou tata ki nga hoariri Itariana, kāre i mutu ta ratou katewa haere. ‘E kore e taea te here nga hoia i roto i nga rua i te po.’ Koinei te korero a Colonel Baker.

Ko te rōpū Hoia o te Afrika Korps, i kite ratou ka pa mai te raruraru i te huarahi kawe taonga mai ma ratou i nga tukina a nga rererangi. Kātahi anō ka pēnei rawa te pakari o nga Hoia o tēnei taha me te nui hoki o nga tāke (tanks), o nga pū mīhini me nga rererangi i to ratou taha.

‘I tētahi wa, i wetewete katoatia e aku tāngata te katoa o nga pēteri me nga raiti hiko i runga i nga waka i mahue i te hoariri. Tumeke ana ahau i ta māua haerenga o te āpiha tiaki, ki te kite atu he raiti hiko katoa kei roto i nga rua o nga hoia. Na ratou anō hoki i hanga tētahi waea korero no nga taonga i roto i nga taraka.’

Ka whakahaeretia e Montgomery he tukina hou hei whawhaitanga atu ma ratou ki te hoariri: ko te kawa mo te whawhai he whakahuihui tahi i nga rōpū whawhai kia piri atu ki te taha o te Brigade mau pū. Na tēnei tuāhua i whakangāwari nga amuamu o nga Ope whawhai tāke (tanks). Na konei anō hoki i tahuri mai nga Infantry ki te whawhai tahi ki ērā o nga rōpū whawhai. Ko Rommel hoki kei te rikarika katoa ki te

Te mahi a nga hoia i nga po, he whakarongo korero i waenganui i nga tautiaki (patrols) me nga rārangi hoia o te Battalion. I ētahi wa, ka tonohia nga kaitirotiro me ta ratou kaiārahi ki mua ki te mau mai nga korero mo te āhua o nga whakatūtū pū mīhini a te hoariri, me te takiwa o aua pū mīhini me ērā atu mīhini whawhai, nga rua, nga waea kei runga i te huarahi, me te takiwa papa o nga maina.



Pipiwha'rauroa Page 14

He Whakamaumaharatanga

Me au ngā whetu hei putiputi māu Hei tātai atu ki tō uma Kopū i te ao Parearau i te po

busy schedule they found time to fundraise for Marae back home at Muriwai, Manutuke and Mangatu. In 1983 Horiwia became a JP and marriage celebrant and had many a story to tell about the nearly 500 couples she married.

Following her time on the Council Horiwia commenced on a new journey as a public servant. She started with the Electoral Office and it was not surprising that, with her upbringing and understanding of tikanga, she soon found herself joining the cultural advisory unit in the Department of Justice. Through this position she worked for a range of associated areas including the Waitangi Tribunal, Office of Treaty Settlements, the High Court and the State Services Commission. After graduating from Wellington Polytechnic with a Diploma in Social Services, Horiwia was seconded as a consultant to the Wellington Hospital Board. However in 1998 she and Aussie decided to return home to Tūranga where she soon became very involved in Iwi and community groups and a strong advocate for the right of all rural communities to have a clean and pristine water supply.

Gerald (Aussie) Bradbrook was born to Shane and Hilda Bradbrook in Brisbane, Australia in October 1937. Almost three years later, in June 1940, his future wife Horiwia was born on the veranda of her grandfather’s house in the village of Muriwai, she was the youngest daughter of Pera and Ada (Teira) Tamihana. However it was not until late in the 1950s that the twain met in Wellington where Horiwia had been working for Wills Cigarette factory and Gerry was employed by the National Airways Corporation (NAC.) A perfect match they returned home to be married by the Ringatu minister, Tawehi Wirihana in 1960 at their beloved Muriwai Marae. Sadly, just short of their 53rd wedding anniversary, they passed away on the same day here in Tūranga on 16 August 2013 with their tangihanga being held at the same Marae at which they were married. In 2006 Horiwia wrote her life story for Pīpīwharauroa. She told of how her birth name was actually Olivia being named after Horiwia Te Ihu Rākau, granddaughter of Rongomaiwahine, so her nannies called her Horiwia. To confuse matters even further besides being called Ollie she had two more nicknames, to some she was ‘LLB’ while others affectionately called her ‘The Queen Bee’ reflective of her confident and outgoing personality. Horiwia suffered from continued respiratory illnesses including spending time in hospital with tuberculosis in her youth. Due to this she was fussed over by her nannies but was very firm in saying that she was spoilt not by being given things but with the special knowledge the old people passed onto her and of whom she spoke with such love and respect. The Muriwai community and Muriwai Marae always held a very special place in her heart and her love for her people was strong just as it was with Aussie who described the locals as beautiful and was well liked by them. Aussie and Horiwia bought their first home in Wainuiomata in 1963 where they lived for thirty four years and raised and educated their children as did many others from Te Tairāwhiti. From 1976 to 1988 Horiwia served on the Wainuiomata Council and she and Aussie gave much of their time and energy to their community and that of the wider area of Poneke. Even with their very

All who knew Horiwia knew that she was very strong, strong in her culture and strong in her stance on a number of issues, in this she always had the support of her husband. At their service their mokopuna Jordan told of how he once asked his grandfather why he let his nanny have the last say, Jerry's response was so typical of him when he said, you always know you are right but you have to let her think she is. At his grandparents service Jordan described his grandfather as quiet and unpretentious yet inside fiercely strong. He remembered his grandfather, as did many, as a gentle, generous and kind man who prided himself on being able to provide for his family; his wife, his children and grandchildren with all the necessities in life so that they could live as he wanted them to. He instilled in them the critical life values of what it meant to grow up, work hard and be a good person. Aussie and Horiwia were immensely proud of their tamariki and mokopuna with Horiwia frequently contributing articles by, or about them, to Pīpīwharauroa then sending Aussie in to pick up several copies to mail out to whānau and friends. Her purpose, she told us, was to encourage other parents and particularly grandparents to celebrate the successes of their children and mokopuna so come on you proud parents and grandparents out there, don’t let her down.

Aue! Aue! te aroha E ngau kino nei Otirā i tēnei wā Haere ra! Te maramara o ngā pari e mā mai rā

Rob Rutene

Iwi Liaison Coordinator: Tairāwhiti

Me whakamihi ake kia koutou e noho i ngā tiini hapori o te Tairāwhiti, tēnā koutou katoa. I have been working in the Tairāwhiti for just over two months and have spent this time visiting and meeting many groups, individuals and organisations here and right down to Wairoa. I have been basically checking out the lay of the land and now have a regular talking slot on Tūranga FM every Thursday morning from about 10am where I have been discussing what we are doing in our organisation. I also intend to invite other staff to speak about their area of work particularly around holiday times so they can provide key messages out there to our communities. Last week on Tūranga FM I spoke about our intention to develop our Māori Focus Forum or an advisory group to the Police. I have always had an advisory group in my position as Iwi Liaison Coordinator since I was working down in the Wairarapa and in the Hawkes Bay. There is also a Māori Focus Forum that sits at the Eastern District level and again at the National level alongside of our Commissioner Peter Marshall. We are fortunate to have two representatives from our district at the national level in Api Mahuika and Ngahiwi Tomoana. Discussions at these levels and decisions made filter down through the district to the area levels. The Māori Focus Forum at local level has always been a mixture from our Kaumātua to community leaders as well as key people working in the Māori communities. It provides a platform to share information from our office in terms of offending and victimisation and trends and patterns we are experiencing at the time. The group provides a wealth of knowledge and advice that has been invaluable for us to craft up our responses to an issue knowing that we have the support from the Focus Forum to do so. The Māori Focus Forum to the Police also provides input and strategic overview into decision making around our business plans and with cultural guidance and support when dealing with sensitive situations involving Māori such as sudden and fatal death and serious crime. There are celebratory occasions as well such as powhiri and poroporoaki, medal ceremonies and remembering colleagues who have passed on in the Police such as the Remembrance day on Friday, 29 September. On a personal note they have supported and guided me in my position and, in that respect, I pay tribute to those great leaders who have passed on particularly Taka Panere, Kuki Rimene and Te Warihi Te Kani from the Wairarapa and recently Tuahine Northover in Hawkes Bay. They were never short of a word when I did or said the wrong thing but hugely passionate when it came to supporting the Police and the kaupapa, particularly if it meant a positive response for the Māori community. Over the next few months I will be developing two Māori Focus Forums to service Tairāwhiti and Wairoa that will be Iwi led and mandated and assist us in championing initiatives along with the new Police strategy “Turning of the tide.” I will keep you posted. Sergeant Rob Rutene Iwi Liaison Coordinator: Tairāwhiti

Pipiwharauroa "TŪRANGA HEALTH"

Page 15

Tūranga Health takes group fitness and education out to the country DO YOU live rurally but want to access group fitness opportunities close by like townies can? Well Tūranga Health is making it happen with the Tu Kaha Fitness Programme starting next month. Tu Kaha is coming to Matawai, Manutuke, Whatatutu and Te Karaka. The nine-week early evening programme is aimed at getting rural communities active during the spring months, says Dwayne Tamatea from Tūranga Health. “It can be hard if you are living in the country to get along to group fitness activities. It takes too long, or is too expensive to drive to town.” So Tūranga Health is bringing group fitness activities as well as healthy living work-shops in a fun and safe environment to the rural communities. The nine-week programme will be in each rural area for one and a half hours a week, 5.30pm to 7pm. Matawai, Matawai School, Tuesdays starting 22 October Manutuke and Muriwai, Manutuke Marae, Tuesdays starting 15 October Whatatutu, Mangatu Marae, Thursdays starting 17 October Te Karaka, Scout Hall, Wednesdays starting 23 October Each session starts at the end of the normal Tūranga Health clinic day held in that community. Sessions will combine health education workshops, health checks and a physical activity component. The physical activity component will include walking, Zumba, Tu Kaha (a varied exercise programme tailored to participants needs), Tai Chi, and traditional Māori games. There will be Ki-o-Rahi for the rangatahi. Dwayne says while Tūranga Health does an enormous amount of health care in rural areas south and west of Gisborne, this is the first time regular and varied exercise have been offered in the early evening timeslot. Tūranga Health Chief Executive Reweti Ropiha says feedback from recent community health hui indicate this is what people want.

Tūranga Health’s Darryn White will coordinate the Tu Kaha fun group fitness activities planned for early evening in Matawai, Manutuke, Whatatutu and Te Karaka. Image: Lexi Green

Meet some of our Tu Kaha staff

“We know that these days helping out people with health advice and care is not a nine-to-five job. We want to make it easier for whānau and this is just one more way.” One of the first workshops in each community will feature Waikohu Health Centre GP Dr Mark Devcich or Tūranga Health dietician Jo Wickham speaking about nutrition. The physical activity component will be led by Tūranga Health fitness guru and motivator Darryn White, with help from Stephanie Broughton (Zumba), Denzil Moeke (Tai Chi), and Janelle Te Rauna-Lamont, Rapiata Ria and Jonette Karaka (traditional Māori games). Help from our smoking cessation team will be available.

Dr Mark Devcich

Dietitian Jo Wickham

Steph Broughton, Zumba

Nurse Lisa CottleMillar

Rapiata Ria, Māori games

Darryn White, Coordinator

Janelle Te RaunaLamont

Nurse Laura Pepere

Kaiāwhina Geraldine Nepe

Kaiāwhina Louise Kemp

Kaiāwhina Sarah Brown

Kaiāwhina Shane Luke

Kaiāwhina Jonette Karaka

Denzil Moeke, Tai Chi

Darryn says with daylight savings approaching, early evening is a great time to meet up with others in the community and get some exercise with a group. “It’s so much easier and fun doing it that way.” Contact Tūranga Health at facebook.com/Tūrangahealth, (06) 869 0457 or Darryn on 021 881 363 for more information or to register, or simply turn up with friends and whānau at your closest venue.

Pipiwharauroa 'Tūranga Ararau'

Page 16

Malaya Veterans’ Day Tranganui  Kiwa 2013 Tūranganui ā Kiwa East Coast Branch of the NZ Malaya Veterans’ Association commemorated Malaya Veterans’ Day 2013 with a parade and wreath laying on 15 September at Gisborne RSA Clubrooms. Malaya & Vietnam veteran and former Regular Force Officer MAJ (Retd) Willy Peacock, from Waipukurau was the guest speaker.

A contingent of local Malaya Veterans at the service

A southerly front arrived just as the parade stepped off forcing the abandonment of the planned outside ceremony but everyone fitted in the RSA. The Gisborne Cadet Unit, Gisborne Pipe Band and the Rev Willy Gray, an ex-Army Chaplain, supported the activities organised by Branch President Colin Moana. RSA President Ben Tahata welcomed everyone to the event while Branch Patron Ingrid Collins took a leading role. Veterans and guests afterwards enjoyed finger food and refreshments and a good old singalong RSA Local at the RSA’s famous “Waka Table”.

President Ben Tahata welcoming the members and manuhiri

Branch Patron Ingrid Collins laying the wreath

Editorial and photos provided by Barry Allison

Malaya Veterans’ Day was established last year and featured a wreath-laying ceremony at the National War Memorial in Wellington and a parade and reception at Parliament. New Zealand maintained a military presence in Malaya/Singapore from 1948-1987, much of it an “active service” presence. Such a period time produced many, many veterans from the Navy Army and Air Force and it is these people whom the NZMVA seeks as it members. Branches exist from the Far North to the Far South. Many of those branches will have commemorated Malaya This is the Memorial Wall in Terendak Camp Malacca Malaysia home of a NZ Battalion from 1961 - 1969 when they moved Veterans’ Day while others sent a to Singapore.There are many NZ boys here from Malaya and representative to Wellington. Vietnam

Tūranga Ararau Iwi Education Provider

Tairāwhiti Farm Cadets

LIVE AND WORK farming by joining up on our two year residential farming cadet programme that focuses on upskilling our rangatahi for our local farming industry. Based in Tiniroto you will be fully involved in the management and development of our training farm including determining and reviewing the stock policy, planning, decision making, attending to the day to day operations of the farm and increasing your skills through work experience in the industry. Depending on unit standards you already hold you can work towards completing the National Certificates in Agriculture (Introductory Skills) - Level 2 and National Certificate in Farming (Work Ready) – Level 3 in the first year then progress onto National Certificates in Animal Health and Husbandry and Stockmanship – Level 3 in the second year. Desired outcomes for graduates are continued learning in employment as a modern apprentice, part time AgITO courses offering higher Level 4 national certificates or agricultural diplomas or degrees through Massey or Lincoln Universities. Training and student allowances and loans are available to eligible learners as well as FEE FREE places.

Tūranga Ararau – Cnr Kahutia and Bright Streets GISBORNE OR phone us on 06 868 1081 / 0800 74 887 2642

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