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Consultanţă pentru verificarea Conceptului General de Dezvoltare Urbană (Masterplan) Timisoara (Romania) 2012..

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“Increasing evidence shows that urban performance is not based on maintaining existing roles, economic structures, and institutional status quo. Rather, it is based on adaptability. Almost all cities will be shocked, especially by external forces. The success of a city is largely determined by how it responds to shocks generated by rapid changes in its external and internal environments. This quality is known as resilience, and it will become even more important in future. Evidence indicates that performance turnarounds are frequently the result of a city’s having a clear strategy”. Guide to City Development Strategies: Improving Urban Performance.. The Cities Alliance.

This report shows our theoretical and methodological contribution to the Timisoara’s PUG team for defining an effective long term development strategy for the city, as intersection of the agents' strategies. Main goal of this integrated strategy is to promote competitiveness and social inclusion, whilst improving both the built and the natural environment, and while making the city more sustainable and livable.

“Cities have to build on their past to prepare the future.”


A Masterplan is comprehensive long-term strategy.


This consultation work applies a specific as well as an innovative approach based on a holistic methodology with the consideration of the city as a complex adaptive system. A method, based on methodology of complexity, for one whom deals with the sustainable neighborhood designs and urban transformations. The complex adaptive system is a specific type of complex system which incorporates the cities adaptation capacity. In this approach, urban morphology emerges through continuous modification of existing urban elements, as an adaptive response to the internal and external imposed constraints, over time. “urban form does not comprehend the urban shape statically, as a pure analysis of the status quo, but as a form of dynamic changes of urban system. The complex adaptive system is comprised of heterogeneous elements, linked together either directly or indirectly, and the final system performance emerges from all of the elements as a whole. The emergent patterns are more than the sum of their parts, thus the traditional reductionist methodology fails to describe how the macroscopic patterns emerge�.

METHODOLOGY


Every Complex System consists of many subsystems/Layers whilst each subsystem could be a CAS in and of itself. These members and subsystems adapt and modify themselves in order to respond to the newly imposed constraints and circumstances. The CAS experiences two different types of constraints, internal and external forces. ………. As mentioned, the adaptation of existing members in a subsystem, horizontal adaptation, as a response to the newly imposed conditions and constraints, changes the subsystem’s performance, which will be the cause of the entire system transformation, over time. Alteration of a bus line of the city to improve the transportation network efficiency is a horizontal adaptation, whilst the transportation network is considered a subsystem and a bus line is a member of it, for instance. Likewise to horizontal optimization, the vertical optimization is a specific kind of adaptation, where the members adapt themselves to optimize the performance of the entire complex system. The entire complex system will be transformed by the mentioned symbiotic adaptive behaviours between the elements and subsystems, modification and integration, over time

METHODOLOGY


METHODOLOGY


The scale of interventions, according to this complex system transformation methodology, is neither confined to a defined scale, nor to certain subsystems; however, the scale of classification, presented in the paper, is just a way to explicate the transformation process, based on the paper hypothesis. The methodology applied for this work is based on holistic, multi-layer and multi-scale approach:

Holistic Multi –layer Multi -scale

METHODOLOGY


SMART CITY SMART GREEN SMART MOBILITY

Urban Redefinition via Public Transport and Public Open Spaces


SUSTAINABLE CITY AND SUSTAINABLE NEIGHBOURHOOD Energy Consumption per sector

Energy Consumption per inhabitant

Sustainable City via Sustainable District Policy

Energy in Europe

CO2 Emission per sector

Energy in Romania

Benchmarking in gas consumption

Green active paths Prioritize rapid bus transit

Non-motorized & public mobility framework Use eco transportation Traffic management system Local production energy Mixed use development

Reduce CO2 emission

Park & ride network Energy saving potential Open spaces development Social interaction


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM

SINGLE LAYERS

LAYERS

TRANSPORTATION

VOLUME

FUNCTIONALITY

VOIDS


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM

SUPERIMPOSTION OF LAYERS

TRANSPORTATION

TRANSPORTATION + VOLUME

VOLUME

FUNCTIONALITY

VOLUME + FUNCTIONALITY

VOIDS

FUNCTIONALITY + VOIDS


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM

SUPERIMPOSTION OF LAYERS

TRANSPORTATION

TRANSPORTATION + VOLUME

VOLUME

FUNCTIONALITY

VOLUME + FUNCTIONALITY

TRANSPORTATION + VOLUME + FUNCTIONALITY + VOIDS

VOIDS

FUNCTIONALITY + VOIDS


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM

CO 2 EMISSION & ENERGY CONSUMPTION CO 2 EMISSION BY SECTOR PER YEAR IN TIMISOARA

ENERGY CONSUMPTION SECTOR PER YEAR IN TIMISOARA

1

ENERGY

1

RESIDENTIAL

2

RESIDENTIAL

2

ENERGY

3

TRANSPORT

3

TRANSPORT

4

INDUSTRY

4

INDUSTRY

5

WATER

5

INSTITUTIONAL

6

INSTITUTIONAL

6

WATER

7

WASTE

8

AGRICULTURE/GREEN


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM

CATALYZER AND REACTANT

1. TRANSPORTATION

2. VOIDS

3. FUNCTIONALITY

4. VOLUME


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION

PROPOSALS

PROPOSAL 1 – RING ROADS

PROPOSAL 2 – RING ROADS

FINAL PROPOSAL – RING ROADS

PROPOSAL 1 – WEIGHTED TRANSPORT

PROPOSAL 2 – WEIGHTED TRANSPORT

FINAL PROPOSAL – WEIGHTED TRANSPORT


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION

PROPOSALS

PROPOSAL 1 - CITY

PROPOSAL 2 - CITY

PROPOSAL 3 - CITY

PROPOSAL 1 - DISTRICT

PROPOSAL 2 - DISTRICT

PROPOSAL 3 - DISTRICT


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT Section 8a / Piata Badea Cartan Market Area EXISTING SITUATION

Section 2/ Boulevardul Take Ionescu EXISTING SITUATION

TRAFFIC SECTIONS


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT Section 8a / Piata Badea Cartan Market Area PROPOSED SITUATION

Section 2/ Boulevardul Take Ionescu PROPOSED SITUATION

TRAFFIC SECTIONS


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION

CO 2 EMISSION & ENERGY CONSUMPTION -

SUMMARY

CO 2 REDUCTION ESTIMATION FOR 2020 CITY = 93%

CITY TOTAL REDUCTION IN CO 2 EMISSIONS: SITE = 0,33%


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION

BICYCLE ROUTES

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PARAMETERS -

SUMMARY

CITY

SITE

2

2

Length cycle lane (km/km )

Length cycle lane (km/km )

EU

TM

SITE

EU

TM

SITE

1,15

0,15

14,09

1,15

2,81

14,09

Site strategy for 20% City area 20 times increase in bike lanes

19 km → 363 km


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION

GLOBAL

REGIONAL SCALE.

INTERMEDIATE URBAN SCALE.

MASTER PLAN


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION

MASTER PLAN

GLOBAL

REGIONAL SCALE.


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION

MASTER PLAN

INTERMEDIATE URBAN SCALE


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER : TRANSPORTATION SCALE: CITY

MASTER PLAN - MOVING GREEN


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER : TRANSPORTATION SCALE: CITY

MASTER PLAN - MOVING GREEN

ENVINRONMENT Green fingers for linking urban green network to the regional environment


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER : TRANSPORTATION SCALE: CITY

MASTER PLAN - MOVING GREEN

LOCAL

NEIGHBOURHOOD SCALE.


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

DEFINING DISTRICT ZONE


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS POINT 1 - SITE

TRANSPORT MODES 5mins -  Walking -  Cycling -  Bus -  Trolley bus -  Tram -  Boat TRANSPORT MODES 10min - Train


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS POINT 2 – TRAIN STATION ‘Gara Est’

TRANSPORT MODES 5mins -  Walking -  Cycling -  Bus -  Tram -  Train TRANSPORT MODES >5mins -  1 Point -  Trolley bus TRANSPORT MODES >10min - Boat


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS POINT 3 – EDGE OF FABRIC

TRANSPORT MODES 5mins -  Walking -  Cycling -  Bus -  Tram TRANSPORT MODES >10mins - 1 Point -  Boat -  Trolley TRANSPORT MODES >20mins -  1 Point -  Train NOTE : The edge of fabric is not a landmark, Is there a possible better site?


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS POINT 4 – EDGE OF INNER CITY

TRANSPORT MODES 5mins -  Walking -  Cycling -  Bus -  Tram -  Trolley TRANSPORT MODES >10mins -  3 Points -  Train -  Boat


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS POINT 5 – TRAFFIC JUNCTION

TRANSPORT MODES 5mins -  Walking -  Cycling -  Bus -  Tram -  Trolley TRANSPORT MODES >10mins -  2 Points -  Train -  Boat TRANSPORT MODES >20mins -  2 Points


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS

POINT 6 – TRAFFIC JUNCTION WITH CARPARK AND GREEN AREA

TRANSPORT MODES 5mins -  Walking -  Cycling -  Bus -  Tram TRANSPORT MODES >10mins - 1 Point Trolley -  Boat TRANSPORT MODES >20mins -  4 Points -  Train


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS POINT 7 – TRAFFIC JUNCTION WITH GREEN AREA

TRANSPORT MODES 5mins -  Walking -  Cycling -  Bus -  Trolley TRANSPORT MODES >10mins -  2 Points -  Train -  Tram TRANSPORT MODES >20mins -  4 Points -  Boat


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS REVIEW POINT 1 – SITE

TRANSPORT MODES 5mins -  Walking -  Cycling -  Bus -  Trolley TRANSPORT MODES >10mins -  2 Points -  Train -  Tram TRANSPORT MODES >20mins -  4 Points -  Boat


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

INTERCHANGE POINTS WEIGHTED SUMMARY


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: TRANSPORTATION SCALE: DISTRICT

DISTRICT HUBS & CONNECTIONS


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM

LAYER: FUNCTIONALITY SCALE: DISTRICT

EXISTING FUNCTIONS


COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM LAYER: FUNCTION SCALE: DISTRICT

HUBS & MASTERPLAN


BUILDING PERFORMANCE

CITY PERFORMANCE Thermal Energy Before & After Scenario Institutional - Thermal energy consumption (kWh/year) No of buildings assessed Consumption per building (kWh/year) Consumption per building (MWh/year)

422.000.000,00 130 3.246.153,85 3.246,15

Consumption L'IBRIdo (MWh/year)

4414

Thermal energy use actual scenario (kWh/m2/year) Thermal energy use future scenario (kWh/m2/year) Thermal energy use LOW CO2 scenario (kWh/m2/year)

735,42 115,80 70,00

F

G

500

343

245

Heating (kWh/m2 year) C D E

173

70

117

B

85% reduction in energy consumption

511,1412

Area analysed (m2)

A

SUMMARY

5 Energy Classes Upgrade

130 institutional buildings 84% reduction in emission

Timisoara masterplan for the new General Urban Plan 2012.  

The Timisoara Masterplan consultation for the new General Urban Plan of the second largest city of Romania is an interesting case study whic...

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