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Boos$ng sustainability and urban quality in Rio de Janeiro. Porto Maravilha; transforma$on of an old industrial and port areas. Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 2014.

www.immdesignlab.com


IMM

is International and multidisciplinary Design Laboratory for Urban Sustainability. Our work is driven by the principle that urban design can directly affect the quality of our environment, improve the energy performances as well as the quality ®

of our lives making our future more sustainable and responsible. IMM® is the acronym of Integrated Modification Methodology, an innovative design methodology based on a specific process with the main goal of improving the CAS’ (complex adaptive systems) energy performance, through the modification of its constituents and optimization the architecture of their ligands. Its approach is fundamentally Holistic, Multi-Layer, Multi-scale. In this methodology, the city is considered to be a dynamic Complex Adaptive System comprised of the superimposition of an enormous number of interrelated components, categorized in different Layers or ‘Subsystems’, (also complex adaptive systems) which through their inner arrangement and the architecture of their ligands provide a certain physical and provisional arrangement of the CAS. The IMM® investigates the relationships between urban morphology and energy consumption by focusing mostly on the ‘Subsystems’ characterized by physical characters and arrangement; hence, the text casts spotlight on IMM phasing process. The main object of this design

process is to address a more sustainable and better performing urban arrangement.


Why Rio? 1st: Rio is a Mega City

2nd: The Impact that a Mega City has in the environment

3rd: Through the IMM ® theory and by the considera;on

that urban design can directly affect the quality of our lives as well as improve the quality of our environment, provide to the city in case a way to be more sustainable

4th: Test the IMM ® Methodology in a Mega City


Why Rio?

urban morphology and environmental and energy performances is a key The

main goal

is to demonstrate that the

rela:onships

between

factor for designing more sustainable, efficient and resilient ci:es.

The demonstra;on that the behaviour and the performances of a Complex

Adap:ve System (CAS) depends mostly by its arrangement, will address the applica:on of the IMM® methodology to a selected case study.

Hence in IMM® scale play an significant role due the fact that the cross-scale effects is of great

significance in the dynamics of CASs and just a Mul:-scale approach can deal with the complex systems transforma;on. In other words the transforma;on of an intermediate scale play in IMM® the role of a catalyst to ini;ate a chain reac:on able to transform the en;re structure of a CAS, whatever is the system's magnitude. Due to the fact that IMM® considers the city as a CAS, the selected design area play the role to change the structure of the en:re system implemen;ng its own environmental and energy performances. We aim present the achieved results through the applica;on of IMM®design process to a selected intermediate scale (Porto Maravilha area) seen like a transforma:on

agent of the en:re CAS (Rio de Janeiro), one of the biggest world’s agglomera:on with more than 12 millions inhabitants.


Rio de Janeiro

The second largest city in Brazil, The sixth largest city in the Americas and The world's thirty-ďŹ Vh largest city by popula;on.

Popula;on: 6,5 mln people Density: 5 377/km2 Area: 1 200 km2


METROPOLITAN SCALE

INTERMEDIATE SCALE

LOCAL SCALE

MULTISCALE

MULTILAYER

“Thinking global and ac/ng local”

INVESTIGATION QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION (GENERAL INFORMATIONS) DISMANTLING

- Density - Popula;on - Energy - Green area surface - …

- VOLUME/VOIDS - TRANSPORTATION - FUNCTIONS


Where is the site? GLOBAL SCALE LOCAL SCALE

INTERMEDIATE SCALE


Great visualiza;on of

WEB DATA

Could it tell us something about urban centrality?


Site importance – the hub North Zone Metropolitan Area Baixada Fluminense

downtown

West Zone

South/West Zone

South Zone


The Intermediate scale


The Intermediate scale


The Local Scale

LOCAL SCALE


RIO DE JANEIRO – PORTO MARAVILHA IMM CASE STUDY


INTERMEDIATE SCALE


LOCAL SCALE


IMM METHODOLOGY – PHASES


HORIZONTAL INVESTIGATION


VOLUME


VOID PAVED VOID GREEN VOID


TRANSPORTATION RAILWAY METRO LINE HIGHWAY UNDERGROUND HIGHWAY VLT UNDERGROUND VLT BIKELINE CABLE CAR BUS LOCAL STREET


FUNCTION


VERTICAL INVESTIGATION

FIRST LEVEL OF SUPERIMPOSITION KEY CATEGORIES


POROSITY

F.L.S. VOLUME + VOID


PROXIMITY

F.L.S. FUNCTION + VOLUME


DIVERSITY

F.L.S. VOID + FUNCTION NECESSARY REGULAR ACTIVITY NECESSARY OCCASIONAL ACTIVITY OPTIONAL ACTIVITY


INTERFACE

F.L.S. TRANSPORTATION + VOID HIGH INTEGRATION

LOW INTEGRATION


ACCESSIBILITY

F.L.S. TRANSPORTATION + FUNCTION NECESSARY REGULAR ACTIVITY JOB OPPORTUNITY TRANSPORTATION NODE 20 MINUTES ACCESSIBLE AREA


HIGH EFFECTIVENESS

LOW INTEGRATION RAILWAY METRO LINE HIGHWAY UNDERGROUND HIGHWAY VLT UNDERGROUND VLT RAPID BUS LINE CABLE CAR BUS LOCAL STREET

EFFECTIVENESS

F.L.S. TRANSPORTATION + VOLUME


VERTICAL INVESTIGATION

SECOND LEVEL OF SUPERIMPOSITION


COMPLEXITY

S.L.S. INTERFACE + DIVERSITY


COMPACTNESS

S.L.S. POROSITY + PROXIMITY


CONNECTIVITY

S.L.S. EFFECTIVENESS + ACCESSIBILITY


ANALYSIS LAYERS OVERLAPPING


MEASUREMENT

ACTUAL PERFORMANCE BASED ON THE 10 INDICATORS


FORMULATION

CHOOSING THE CATALYST LAYER AND DEFINING THE 10 IMM DESING ORDERING PRINCIPLES


INTERVENTION AND DESIGN

DEFINING THE CONCEPT AND DEFINING THE MODIFICATIONS THROUGH THE CATALYST


CONCEPT

THE GREEN FINGERS SERRA DA MENDANHA MUNICIPAL PARK

PEDRA BRANCA STATE PARK

MUNICIPAL ECOPARK PRAINHA

TIJUCA NATIONAL PARK CORCOVADO

ATERRO DO FLAMENGO PARK PÃO DE AÇUCAR

CONNECTING THE URBAN BIODIVERSITY IN A GLOBAL, INTERMEDIATE AND LOCAL SCALE


MODIFICATION/INTERVENTION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


/ RIO EXISTING MORPHOLOGY

IPANEMA

COPACABANA

CATETE

CENTRO

TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION


TRANSFORMATION Spreading the total Volume, or the volume aimed by the agencies, uniformly. The method used was multiplying the surface area by the buildable index (max. area) than dividing it by 70% as allowable foot print, in order to reach the same volume as planned by the Porto Maravilha Project. In this way is achieve as common heights 7 floors within the entire CEPAC area. The graph below shows the blocks division, according to the interface previously analyzed and the total volume.


TRANSFORMATION

Working with total Volume, excavation the streets necessary to increase the interface, analyzing the connection between the coast line and the city. The graph below shows now the perpendicular blocks divided and the hierarchy division of the streets


TRANSFORMATION Completing the interface with the inner connections. The original volume now was excavated also in parallel with the cost line, improving the interface within the study area. The graph below shows now the blocks in its totality, divided and again the hierarchy division between the streets

c


TRANSFORMATION Now the analysis is made no more dividing the volume equally, instead was given to each plot a hierarchy value, as consequence of its position in relation with the transportation system. The plots closer (walking distance) to the bigger multimodal hubs will host more volume, as well the plots located in the study area boundaries will host less volume.


TRANSFORMATION

110 M

55 M 5M


TRANSFORMATION


CONTEXTUAL EVALUATION RETROFITTING

- PERFORMANCE OF THE NEW CAS, BOOSTED, BASED ON THE 10 INDICATORS

CAS – LAYERS COMPARISON


VOLUME BEFORE


VOLUME AFTER

30% VOLUME INCREASED 65% VOLUME INCREASED AT THE PORT AREA


VOID

BEFORE PAVED VOID GREEN VOID


VOID AFTER PAVED VOID GREEN VOID

4,4% VOID INCREASED


TRANSPORTATION RAILWAY METRO LINE HIGHWAY UNDERGROUND HIGHWAY VLT UNDERGROUND VLT BIKELINE CABLE CAR BUS LOCAL STREET

BEFORE


TRANSPORTATION RAILWAY METRO LINE MAIN CAR STREETS UNDERGROUND HIGHWAY VLT UNDERGROUND VLT RAPID BUS LINE CABLE CAR BUS LOCAL STREET ( LIMIT FOR CARS)

AFTER

PARK AND RIDE BIKE SHARING

CHANGED FROM MULTIMODAL TO INTERMODAL HUBS


FUNCTION BEFORE


FUNCTION AFTER

MIXED USE AT THE PORT ZONE


POROSITY

F.L.S. VOLUME + VOID

BEFORE


POROSITY

F.L.S. VOLUME + VOID

AFTER


PROXIMITY

F.L.S. FUNCTION + VOLUME

BEFORE


PROXIMITY

F.L.S. FUNCTION + VOLUME

AFTER


DIVERSITY

F.L.S. VOID + FUNCTION NECESSARY REGULAR ACTIVITY NECESSARY OCCASIONAL ACTIVITY OPTIONAL ACTIVITY

BEFORE


DIVERSITY

F.L.S. VOID + FUNCTION NECESSARY REGULAR ACTIVITY NECESSARY OCCASIONAL ACTIVITY OPTIONAL ACTIVITY

AFTER


INTERFACE

F.L.S. TRANSPORTATION + VOID HIGH INTEGRATION

LOW INTEGRATION

BEFORE


INTERFACE

F.L.S. TRANSPORTATION + VOID HIGH INTEGRATION

AFTER

LOW INTEGRATION

21% INCREASED INTEGRATION


HIGH EFFECTIVENESS

LOW INTEGRATION RAILWAY METRO LINE HIGHWAY UNDERGROUND HIGHWAY VLT UNDERGROUND VLT RAPID BUS LINE CABLE CAR BUS LOCAL STREET

EFFECTIVENESS

F.L.S. TRANSPORTATION + VOLUME

BEFORE


HIGH EFFECTIVENESS

LOW INTEGRATION RAILWAY METRO LINE HIGHWAY UNDERGROUND HIGHWAY VLT UNDERGROUND VLT RAPID BUS LINE CABLE CAR BUS LOCAL STREET

EFFECTIVENESS

F.L.S. TRANSPORTATION + VOLUME

AFTER


+% +31% +4,4%

+174% +51% +21%

+65% +4,4%

+21%


MASTERPLAN

AT INTERMEDIATE SCALE


REFERENCES

COPACABANA WATERFRONT


REFERENCES

IPANEMA WATERFRONT


PORTO MARAVILHA CULTURAL CENTER


GRID


WATERFRONT


PORTO MARAVILHA CULTURAL CENTER


DEFINING PUBLIC SPACES


DEFINING PUBLIC SPACES


GREEN AREAS


MAIN ENTRANCE


SECONDARY ENTRANCE


GROUND FLOOR: COMMERCIAL (shops, café, restaurants..)


BREATHABLE ACCESSIBLE


UPPER FLOORS: RESIDENTIAL & OFFICES


3D VIEWs


INTERMEDIATE SCALE


HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL INVESTIGATION AT INTERMEDIATE SCALE


VOLUME


VOID


VOID + GREEN


VOID + GREEN


VOID + GREEN


TRANSPORTATION


TRANSPORTATION


TRANSPORTATION


TRANSPORTATION


TRANSPORTATION


TRANSPORTATION


EFFECTIVNESS RAPID BUS LINE


EFFECTIVNESS RAPID BUS LINE


EFFECTIVNESS RAPID BUS LINE VLT


EFFECTIVNESS RAPID BUS LINE VLT BUS


FUNCTIONS

ACTUAL SITUATION


FUNCTIONS

IMM MASTERPLAN


FUNCTIONS

IMM MASTERPLAN


FUNCTIONS

IMM MASTERPLAN


INTERFACE

ACTUAL SITUATION


INTERFACE

IMM MASTERPLAN


SOLAR ANALYSIS IMM MASTERPLAN SUMMER STUDY

NORTH-WEST SIDE

NORTH SIDE

HEAT ISLAND EFFECT ALL YEAR STUDY

SOUTH SIDE


WIND ANALYSIS IMM MASTERPLAN

Porto Maravilha (Rio de Janeiro) transformation via IMM.  

Rio de Janeiro, is one of the biggest world’s agglomeration with more than 12 millions inhabitants. The port area of the city of Rio de Jane...

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