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Ambientalizacion de los Interiores de Manzana del Ensanche de Barcelona 2012.

www.immdesignlab.com


IMM

is International and multidisciplinary Design Laboratory for Urban Sustainability. Our work is driven by the principle that urban design can directly affect the quality of our environment, improve the energy performances as well as the quality ®

of our lives making our future more sustainable and responsible. IMM® is the acronym of Integrated Modification Methodology, an innovative design methodology based on a specific process with the main goal of improving the CAS’ (complex adaptive systems) energy performance, through the modification of its constituents and optimization the architecture of their ligands. Its approach is fundamentally Holistic, Multi-Layer, Multi-scale. In this methodology, the city is considered to be a dynamic Complex Adaptive System comprised of the superimposition of an enormous number of interrelated components, categorized in different Layers or ‘Subsystems’, (also complex adaptive systems) which through their inner arrangement and the architecture of their ligands provide a certain physical and provisional arrangement of the CAS. The IMM® investigates the relationships between urban morphology and energy consumption by focusing mostly on the ‘Subsystems’ characterized by physical characters and arrangement; hence, the text

The main object of this design process is to address a more sustainable and better performing urban arrangement. casts spotlight on IMM phasing process.


INTRODUCTION NEIGHBOURHOOD PROPOSAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINE CONCLUSION


INTRODUCTION NEIGHBOURHOOD PROPOSAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINE CONCLUSION


LOCATION MAP Block interiors recovered

12 / 88


BLOCKS RECOVERED


The Masterplan from Manuel Gausa


Recovered Spaces from Eixample


INTRODUCTION MULTI-LAYERS TOOLBOX EXAMPLES


Layering


Layering

[green corridor pa-er is proposed by M.Gausa]


Layering

[green corridor pa-er is proposed by M.Gausa]


Trees


Method


PLATFORM(s) MULTILAYERING


PLATFORM(s) MULTI-SCALE MULTIDIMENSION

uniqueness/repe>>on


LANDSCAPE

ENERGY

PUBLIC SPACES

INFORMATION


[green corridor pa-er is proposed by M.Gausa]


[green corridor pa-er is proposed by M.Gausa]


DEFINING THE INTERMEDIATE SCALE - CONNECTIVITY [green corridor pa-er is proposed by M.Gausa]

LEGEND

case studies voids recovered voids being recovered


DEFINING THE INTERMEDIATE SCALE - PROXIMITY [green corridor pa-er is proposed by M.Gausa]

LEGEND

case studies voids recovered voids being recovered 9 block leaves 150m radius


DEFINING THE INTERMEDIATE SCALE - DIVERSITY

LEGEND

case studies voids recovered voids being recovered 9 block leaves 150m radius


DEFINING THE INTERMEDIATE SCALE

[green corridor pa-er is proposed by M.Gausa]

LEGEND

case studies voids recovered voids being recovered

deďŹ ned neighborhood


Energy consumpBon of Barcelona

17058569 Mwh

2807514 Mwh

Energy consumed per person/year : 10.52 mwh Energy consumed per person/year (only residenBal) : 2.96 mwh Electrical energy consumed p e r p e r s o n / y e a r (residenBal) : 1.43 mwh

5615 Mwh

8000 6000

640p /block

4000 2000 0

Electrical energy consumed Residen>al energy consumed Total energy consumed


PERFORMANCE - ACTUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

Actual Energy SituaWon

Total Energy ConsumpCon/ Inhabitant Total Energy ConsumpCon/ Inhabitant(ResidenCal Sector) Electricity ConsumpCon /Inhab(ResidenCal Sector) Total Energy ConsumpCon/ Inhab(TransportaCon Sector) Number of people in 41 Blocks

CalculaWon at Intermediate level

Total Energy consumpCon(41 Blocks) Total Energy consumpCon only in ResidenCal Sector(41 Blocks) Electricity ConsumpCon only in ResidenCal Sector (41 Blocks) Total Energy ConsumpCon only in TransportaCon Sector(41 Blocks)

10.52 MWh/Inhab/Y 2.96 MWh/Inhab/Y 1.43 MWh/Inhab/Y 2.54 MWh/Inhab/Y 26240 Persons

276.0448 GWh/Y 77.6704 GWh/Y 37.5232 GWh/Y 66.6496 GWh/Y

300 250 200 150 100 50 0

Total Energy ConsumpCon

CalculaCon at intermediate level(GWh/Y)

Energy Consumed in ResidenCal Sector


INTRODUCTION NEIGHBOURHOOD – THE INTERMEDIATE SCALE PROPOSAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINE CONCLUSION


THE NEIGHBOURHOOD - connecCng the voids

LEGEND

case studies voids recovered


THE NEIGHBOURHOOD - connecCng the voids

LEGEND

voids recovered green side walks = removing half carparks


THE NEIGHBOURHOOD - ExisCng situaCon

Gausa plan

traffic plan

energy consumpCon plan


GUIDELINES DEVELOPMENT

1.) EXISTING VOID ENTRANCE

+ no public transport + Gausa plan: dark green (pedestrian line)

LEGEND beginning of network voids recovered green side walks = removing half carparks pedestrian walk = removing all vehicular traffic relocated bus line


39 / XX


GUIDELINES DEVELOPMENT 1.) ExisCng void entrance + no public transport + Gausa plan dark green (pedestrian line)

2.) EXISTING STREET

+ no public transport + no allocaCon in Gausa plan

LEGEND voids recovered green side walks = removing half carparks pedestrian walk = removing all vehicular traďŹƒc relocated bus line


41 / XX


GUIDELINES DEVELOPMENT 1.) ExisCng void entrance + no public transport + Gausa plan: dark green (pedestrian line) 2.) ExisCng street + no public transport + no allocaCon in Gausa plan

3.) EXISTING STREET

+ 1 bus line + Gausa plan dark green (pedestrian line) - Relocate bus line - Strengthen Gausa plan: dark green line

LEGEND voids recovered green side walks = removing half carparks pedestrian walk = removing all vehicular traďŹƒc relocated bus line


43 / XX


GUIDELINES DEVELOPMENT 1.) ExisCng void entrance + no public transport + Gausa plan dark green (pedestrian line) 2.) ExisCng street + no public transport + no allocaCon in Gausa plan 3.) ExisCng street + 1 bus line + Gausa plan dark green (pedestrian line) - Relocate bus line - Strengthen Gausa plan dark green line

4.) EXISTING STREET

+ bus lines + cars + Gausa plan light green (combined traďŹƒc and pedestrian) - Strengthen pedestrian access

LEGEND voids recovered green side walks = removing half carparks pedestrian walk = removing all vehicular traďŹƒc relocated bus line


45 / XX


GUIDELINES DEVELOPMENT 1.) ExisCng void entrance + no public transport + Gausa plan dark green (pedestrian line) 2.) ExisCng street + no public transport + no allocaCon in Gausa plan 3.) ExisCng street + 1 bus line + Gausa plan dark green (pedestrian line) - Relocate bus line - Strengthen Gausa plan dark green line

4.) EXISTING STREET

+ bus lines + cars + Gausa plan light green (combined traďŹƒc and pedestrian) - Strengthen pedestrian access

LEGEND voids recovered green side walks = removing half carparks pedestrian walk = removing all vehicular traďŹƒc relocated bus line


GUIDELINES DEVELOPMENT 1.) ExisCng void entrance + no public transport + Gausa plan dark green (pedestrian line) 2.) ExisCng street + no public transport + no allocaCon in Gausa plan 3.) ExisCng street + 1 bus line + Gausa plan dark green (pedestrian line) - Relocate bus line - Strengthen Gausa plan dark green line

4.) EXISTING STREET

+ bus lines + cars + Gausa plan light green (combined traďŹƒc and pedestrian) - Strengthen pedestrian access

LEGEND voids recovered green side walks = removing half carparks pedestrian walk = removing all vehicular traďŹƒc relocated bus line


THE NEIGHBOURHOOD

- connecCng the voids STREET PROPOSAL


THE NEIGHBOURHOOD

- connecCng the voids COMPARISON EXISTING

Gausa plan

traffic plan

PROPOSED


STAGES - PROPOSED STREET NETWORK – REDUCTION OF CO2 TRANSPORTATION 1) 2.5% 2) 6.7%

LEGEND voids recovered green side walks pedestrian walk green nodes

Description Numbers of removing cars Energy saving [GW-h/year] Energy saving [%] CO2 Reduction [%] Trees in each street CO2 absoption [Kg/Y] CO2 Reduction [%]

1st stage 120 1.3 2.1 2.5 2 1900

2nd stage 324 3.6 5.7 6.7 5 4750

3rd stage 456 5.1 8.1 9.5 10 9500

0.35

0.8

1.7

3) 9.5%


THE NEIGHBOURHOOD

- connecCng the voids COURTYARD PROPOSAL

LEGEND exisCng void/street connecCons proposed void/street connecCons removed void/street connecCons


THE NEIGHBOURHOOD

- connecCng the voids COURTYARD PROPOSAL


THE INTERMEDIATE SCALE

- Before and A`er modificaCons: intermediate scale intervenCon by modificaCon and integraCon of different layers


STAGES - PROPOSED STREET NETWORK – REDUCTION OF CO2 TRANSPORTATION 1) 2.5% 2) 6.7%

LEGEND voids recovered green side walks pedestrian walk green nodes

Description Numbers of removing cars Energy saving [GW-h/year] Energy saving [%] CO2 Reduction [%] Trees in each street CO2 absoption [Kg/Y] CO2 Reduction [%]

1st stage 120 1.3 2.1 2.5 2 1900

2nd stage 324 3.6 5.7 6.7 5 4750

3rd stage 456 5.1 8.1 9.5 10 9500

0.35

0.8

1.7

3) 9.5%


INTRODUCTION NEIGHBOURHOOD LOCAL PROPOSAL CONCLUSION


PV ON FACADE Shades and solar path / 25 may / 9 blocks

PRODUCTION CONSERVATION SHARING COMFORT

Hourly solar exposure / 25 may / facade SE

56 / 88

Incident solar radiaCon / avg day / facade SE


PRODUCTION CONSERVATION SHARING COMFORT

57 / 88


PRODUCTION CONSERVATION SHARING COMFORT

58 / 88


Urban heat island miWgaWon

59 / 88


COOLING

A

B

60 / 88

A 100,000 BTUair condiConer with a high seasonal energy efficiency raCo (SEER) of 14 requires around 7 kW of electric power for full PRODUCTION cooling output on a hot CONSERVATION day. This would require SHARING over a 7 kW solar photovoltaic electricity COMFORT generaCon system.

A

325 s.m. verCcal panels: 150,15 avg daily kWh producCon

B

7 kWh has generated by 13 .m. inclinated panels in the roof


WIND

PRODUCTION CONSERVATION SHARING COMFORT Facade Length (m) Swept Area of a Turbine (m) Space Between Turbines (m) Space Needed at the beginning and end of Facade (m) Number of Wind Turbines Wind Speed

61 / 88

24km/h

61 1 2.5 5.5 15 6,67m/s

Wind CalculaWons (kWh) Facade South North SE SW NE NW 266.4 266.4 360 360 532.8 720

Yearly total (kWh)

1252.8


WATER RECYCLING

PRODUCTION CONSERVATION SHARING COMFORT B

A

62 / 88

A

NOT POSSIBLE TO EXCAVATE

B

POSSIBLE TO EXCAVATE


CAR / BIKE SHARING

PRODUCTION CONSERVATION SHARING COMFORT

Bike Sharing

Car Sharing CiCes

Start

Cars

Users

Parkings

PopulaCon

Milano

2001

96

3.125

56

1.317.882

CiCes

Start

Bikes

StaCons

PopulaCon

Milano

2008

5000

200

1.317.882

Paris

2007

20600

1450

2.193.031

Roma

2005

107

1.945

61

2.754.440

Torino

2002

118

2.500

85

910.188

Venezia

2002

47

3.300

11

270.660

Barcelona

2007

6000

400

1.621.537

TOTAL

368

10.870

213

5.253.170

TOTAL

31600

2050

5.132.450

63 / 88

Blocks

People/Block

PopulaCon

44

600

26400

Users/Cars

Cars/Parkings

29,53804348

1,727699531

Users

Cars

Parkings

People/Bikes

Bikes/ StaCons

PopulaCon

Bikes

StaCons

1320

44,68

25,86

162,41930

15

26400

162,54

10,54

45

22

200

22


INTRODUCTION NEIGHBOURHOOD PROPOSAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINE CONCLUSION


BLOCK INTERIOR CASE STUDIES

Paula Montal Gardens

Cesar MarCnell Gardens

M. MaClde Almendros Gardens

Mercè Vilaret Gardens


BLOCK EXTERIOR – PROXIMITY LANDSCAPE

Services + AcCviCes à Lively Neighbourhood

EducaCon: schools, libraries, sports… Culture + Entertainment: theatres, cinemas… AdministraCon + Local Services Business: markets, bars, motor… Sant Antoni Market


CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros


CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros - PROXIMITY LANDSCAPE

EducaCon

Culture

AdministraCon


CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros

Defining nodes funcWon Island analysing using tool box

SECTION

RelaWonship with neighborhood


CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros

Main Axis

FaciliWes

Play ground

Siang area Siang are a

Materials

New Building


CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros


CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros


CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros


CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros

PopulaWon

energy consump>on 2000 1500 1000

exisCng

City

Eixample

9 Blocks

1,621,537

266,874

4,619

No. Block

415

1

No. Inhabitant

266,874

640

Energy consumpBon

792,082

1899.6

suggested

500 0 exisCng

suggested

Energy gain per year : 1900 - 1233 MWh

Energy demand (MWh/p/year) City

Eixample

Residen>al

10.52

10.52

2.968

Roof area(sqm)

11,000 m2

Solar collector

3,300 Mwh

Facade area(sqm)

1,108 m2

Solar collector

222 Mwh


NOISE CONTROL

CASE STUDY 1 – Jardins de MaClde Almendros

Noise level approached:

45dB !!!


CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL


CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL - PROXIMITY LANDSCAPE

EducaCon

Culture

AdministraCon


CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL

Defining nodes funcWon Island analysing using tool box

SECTION -- Closed from one side -- Open , other side

RelaWonship with neighborhood


CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL Conceptual Sketch / Materials used


CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL


CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL


SOLAR PANEL

CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL

1 building : 100.000 BTU cooling air condiConer

Consumed : 7kW electric power

Required : 10 kW solar PV electric generated Equal : 25 m2 inclinated panel on each roof Total : 1000 m2 PV panel (10% roof covering)


CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL

SOLAR PANEL

Offer : 20% roof covering Energy saving : 40 * 14 * 365 = ~ 205 MWh

24% electrical energy saving!


SOLAR COLLECTOR

CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL Personal consumpWon: 50 L/day

10% of roof area

~ 360 MWh/year 40% electrical energy saving!

CorrecCon factor 70%

Capacity(per year)

514.8

KWh/m2

Area( % of roof area)

1000

m2

Tot Electricity generated/year

514800

KWh

Correc>on factor: 70%

360360

KWh/y


NOISE CONTROL

CASE STUDY 2 – Jardins de PAULA MONTAL


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL -PROXIMITY LANDSCAPE

EducaCon

AdministraCon

Culture


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL SecWon

Island Analysis

Accessibility

ConjuncWon - Pedestrian - Cars

Narrow entrance - Open

RelaWonship with neighborhood


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL Concept

Fluxes

InteracWons

Spaces definiWon

AlternaWve soluWon


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL Environmental engine

FaciliWes

Materials


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL Renders

Environmental engine

Masterplan


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL PV Cell CalculaWon for roof Capacity

0.5

2000000 KWh/m2

Area

4912

m2

Total Electricity generated/ day

2456

KWh

884160

KWh/y

CorrecBon factor(Maintenance) 618912

KWh/y

Electricity generated/ year

1500000

Energy Consumed in Building

1000000

Electricity Consumed In building

Energy Efficiency :

500000

Electricity generated by PV Cells on Roof

Electrical Efficiency:

0

PV Leaves on Southern Façade 2000000

W

1500000

Total energy Consumed in Building

1000000

Total Electricity Consumed in Building

500000

Electricty produced by PV Leaves

4

m2 1410 Total area of façade 27345.7 Number of Leaves Total Electricty generated due KWh 1422.0 to leaves per day Total Electricty generated due KWh 511911.9 to leaves per year Total per year (70% correcBon 358338.31 KWh factor)

0

67.63%

Energy Efficiency :

ConsideraBon operaBon Bme (13 hours) m2 0.051562 Leaf Size Electricity generated by 1 leaf

32.67%

18.91%

Electrical Efficiency:

39.15%


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL Energy Generated By Solar Collector

2000000

Capacity per day

0.5

KWh/m2

Capacity per year

514.8

KWh/m2

982.4

m2

Area(20% of half roof)

1500000 1000000

Electricity generated/ year

505739.52 KWh/y

CorrecBon factor(Maintenance)

354017.66 4

500000

Energy Consumed By Residents

Energy Efficiency : Electricity Consumed by Residents Energy produced by solar Collectors

18.69%

Electrical Efficiency:

38.68%

0

KWh/y

2000000 1500000 1000000 500000

Total energy gain per year : 1331 Mwh !!!

0

Total Energy consumed by Residents Energy produced

Total Energy effeciency

70.27%


CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL • 

Parks solar lights Park Solar Trees Electric Bicycle

Rain Water Collector

Total rainwater amount: ~ 95 m3

Peak season collecCon: ~ 50 m3

Gardening purpose


NOISE CONTROL

CASE STUDY 3 – Jardins de CÉSAR MARTINELL Noise reducBon with 1m-tree : 1.5dB

Wall size : 48+48(m) Tree plant : 30

Noise level approached:

45dB !!!


CASE STUDY 4 – Jardins de Mercè Vilaret


CASE STUDY 4 – Jardins de Mercè Vilaret -PROXIMITY LANDSCAPE

EducaCon

Sant Antoni Market

Culture

AdministraCon


CASE STUDY 4 – Jardins de Mercè Vilaret Play ground

Green cover Main Path

Island analysing using tool box

Defining nodes funcWon

Steps to seat

Main Axis

SECTION

RelaWonship with neighborhood


CASE STUDY 4 – Jardins de Mercè Vilaret FaciliWes Play ground on Slope

concept Materials

Steps to seat With good vision Green shade


CASE STUDY 4 – Jardins de Mercè Vilaret


CASE STUDY 4 – Jardins de Mercè Vilaret


CASE STUDY 4 – Jardins de Mercè Vilaret

PopulaWon

energy consump>on 2000 1500 1000

exisCng suggested

500 0 exisCng

suggested

Energy gain per year : 1894 - 1325 MWh

City

Eixample

9 Blocks

1,621,537

266,874

4,619

No. Block

415

1

No. Inhabitant

266,874

640

Energy consumpCon

792,082

1899.6

Energy demand (MWh/p/year) City

Eixample

Residen>al

10.52

10.52

2.968

Roof area(sqm)

11,100 m2

Solar collector

3,330 Mwh

Facade area(sqm)

1,150 m2

Solar collector

230 Mwh


NOISE CONTROL

CASE STUDY 4 – Jardins de Mercè Vilaret


INTRODUCTION NEIGHBOURHOOD PROPOSAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINE CONCLUSION


Catalyst

vironmenta ENgine l

INPUT

apps

A small feature, that modiďŹ es and increases the rate of a reacCon/energy without being consumed in the process.

OUTPUT 107


Energy

Information

Education

Public space

Catalyst

Feature

vironmenta ENgine l


Apps

vironmenta ENgine l

REFILL not LANDFILL app 1

CONCEPT water distribution - TAP WATER, and PLASTIC BOTTLE REDUCTION Actual consum is 30 Kg of plastic per person per year, that it means 4.800 tons

265.000.000 bottles

SOLAR ENERGY producCon app 2

CONCEPT Promote solar energy productions for each single block - roofing - walling

“COMPETITION!”

TARGET REDUCTION of 30%

80.000.000 bottles

enegy saved for recycling energy saved for waste transportation

AWARD for a best block in terms of net energy between consumption and produced

1st award - NO local tax for the block during 1 year

109


Apps

vironmenta ENgine l

PGT - personal green trainer app 3

CONCEPT This application feature “a complete guide to sustainability” merge all environmental friendly information for each block. - home energy saving tool - information about recycling - monitoring productions and savings with a software and INFOpoints

ELECRICITY 4 fun app 4

CONCEPT energy from playground and gym to be converted from DC to AC before being trasfered into the grid. ADULTS 1 h x day cycling= 900 Wh 3 bikes= 2.7 kWh 300 days/year gym= 810 kWh/a CHILDREN 2 hrs x day cycling= 600 Wh 300 days/year cycling= 180 kWh/a

110

110


INTRODUCTION NEIGHBOURHOOD PROPOSAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINE CONCLUSION


Energy Calculation for Buildings at Global & Intermediate level

Total Energy Consumption/ person/ Y(Residential Sector)

2.96 MWh/p/y

Total Energy Consumption/ person/ Y(Transporatation Sector)

2.54 MWh/p/y

Total Energy Consumption/ person/ Y(Residential+Transporatation Sector)

5.5 MWh/p/y 500 numbers 41 numbers

Number of Blocks in Eixample= Number of blocks at Intermediate level Total energy Consumed by Inhabitants in 1 Block Total energy Consumed by Inhabitants in 41 blocks(Intermediate level) Total energy Consumed by Inhabitants in 500 blocks(Global, Eixample level)

1.89 GWh/Y 77.67 GWh/Y 947.2 GWh/Y

Summary of 4 projects 01 Jardin de Maria Matilda Almendros

Total Energy Produced=

1.23 GWh/Y

Efficiency=

65.0 %

02 Jardin de Paula Montal

Total Energy Produced= Efficiency=

03 Jardin de Cesar Martinell

04 Jardin Mercè Vilaret

0.57 GWh/Y Total Energy Produced=

1.33 GWh/Y

Total Energy Produced=

1.32 GWh/Y

29.8 %

70.3 %

Efficiency=

69.7 %

Efficiency=


Energy Comparison between Actual and Proposed system for building sector Effect of 4 blocks at Intermediate level Energy Produced by 4 designed Blocks Total energy Consumed in 41 blocks Efficiency

37+4 Blocks with Jardin de Cesar Martinell Model at Intermediate level Energy Produced by 4 designed Blocks Energy produced by 37 blocks Total Energy Produced Efficiency

37+4 Blocks with Jardin de Paula Montal Model at Intermediate level Energy Produced by 4 designed Blocks Energy produced by 37 blocks Total Energy Produced Efficiency

4.36 GWh/Y 77.67 GWh/Y 5.61 %

With maximum efficient system 4.45 GWh/Y 49.26 GWh/Y 53.71 GWh/Y 69.14 %

With minimum efficient system

4.45 GWh/Y 20.91 GWh/Y 25.35 GWh/Y 32.64 %

Energy Comparison between Actual and Proposed system for Transportation sector


Total Energy Comparison for building and transportation sectors at intermediate level Energy saving with 4 Blocks + 1st stage Transportation System With minimum efficiency of transportation and building energy system Total Energy

Total Energy produced = produced = Total Energy

Total Energy Consumed Consumed Efficiency Efficiency

5.75

5.75

144.32

144.32

3.98 3.98

GWh/Y

GWh/Y

GWh/Y

GWh/Y %

%

Energy saving with jardin de Cesar model+ 3rd stage Transportation System With maximum efficiency of transportation and building energy system Total Energy

Total Energy produced = Total Energy produced = Consumed Total Energy Efficiency Consumed Efficiency

58.81

GWh/Y

144.32

GWh/Y

58.81

GWh/Y

144.32 40.75

GWh/Y %

40.75

%

saving with jardin de Paula Montal model+ 2nd stage Transportation System

Energy saving with jardin de Paula Montal model+ 2nd stage Transportation System ermediate efficiency of transportation and building energy system With intermediate efficiency of transportation and building energy system Total Energy Total Energy produced = produced =

28.95 28.95

GWh/Y

Total Energy Total Energy Consumed

144.32

GWh/Y

Efficiency Consumed

20.06

%

Efficiency

144.32 20.06

GWh/Y GWh/Y %

Total Energy Comparison between three proposed systems.


Report of the evaluaWon of the global group over the design Shadow analysis: and proposals of the teams: 1- Figure 1 showing all possible sun posiCon in the sky. Sun is in a really low alCtude. 2- shadow line inside the courtyard shows that The sun is entering the yard even when it is really in low alCtude. 3- Any kind of solar radiaCon usage, like solar leaves is therefore possible inside the courtyard.

Figure 2. shows more specifically the division of solar energy production. 4 different case studies were analyzed.

Figure 1

Figure 3. shows the comparison between the actual consumpCon of energy of a block and the amount of energy which is being produced by renewable sources of energy.


Solar Access for the grid line on the ground level showing the intensity of the incident solar radiation


HOW MANY ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINES DOES BARCELONA NEED???


Ambientalizacion de los Interiores de Manzana del Ensanche de Barcelona