Nutrition P. 14-21
Nutrition P. 14-21
People & Horses:
P. 7 The Germantown Charity Horse Show Salutes the 2023 Royal Court
Behind the Business:
P. 9 Compassionate Care: Tennessee Horse Cremation
P. 10 Junior North American Field Hunter Championships
P. 11 Spring Turnout, the Safe Way
P. 12 Spring Pasture Preparation
Focus Section: Nutrition
P. 14 Seasonal Diet Changes
P. 18 Feeding the right Nutrients to Performance Horses
P. 20 Benefits of Pre and Probiotics
P. 21 Feeding a Rescue: Steps to put Weight on an Under Weight Horse
P. 23 Cushing’s Disease and Importance of Diet
P. 24- 27
For a limited time, come experience the emission-free performance and quiet power of the Solectrac e25 compact all-electric tractor. Blending clean energy with modern technology, the e25 provides maximum torque at zero RPMs—so you get all the power and performance you need, with a working runtime up to 6 hours. Enjoy lower overall costs than diesel—no expensive fuel to buy, less maintenance with one moving part in the motor, and no engine oils or DPF to replace. For full specs visit Solectrac.com
Volume 33 | Number 8
Publisher & Owner
Lauren Pigford Abbott email@example.com 901- 279- 4634
Office & Accounts Manager
Andrea Winfrey firstname.lastname@example.org
Advertising & Marketing email@example.com
Contributing Writers & Photographers
Contact: P.O. Box 594 Arlington, TN 38002 901-867-1755
Subscriptions are $45 annually for print and digital access. email: firstname.lastname@example.org
To submit articles, artwork and press releases please email: email@example.com
We cannot guarantee publication or return of manuscripts or artwork. reproduction of editorial content, photographs or advertising is strictly prohibited without written permission of the publisher.
Published by Ford Abbott Media, LLC
During my tenure with the Memphis Business Journal I was able to meet and personally get to know Memphis area business owners, C-Suite executives, and Board Members of successful associations and nonprofits. One of the top characteristics of the most successful business leaders was the desire and passion they possessed to see all businesses and business owners, no matter if they were competitors, succeed in their business.
One of the most true statements I heard during my time working with the Business Journal was “competition is healthy, it means there is a market for our service.” I have found this to be spot on for every industry. As a lifelong Memphian and equestrian, I have been ingrained in our horse community since birth. If people don’t know me personally, then they probably recognize my maiden name from the number of siblings I have and my mother’s leadership with the Germantown Charity Horse Show.
I like to say this area is 2 degrees of Mr. Ed! If you are a horse person you probably know or have heard of all the “horse people” in our region. We are a tight-knit community, and this community also has constant chatter taking place at every barn. We all joke about it, and I have even told my farrier that he knows all the gossip and has all the secrets in town.
For the last 10 months, as owner of the Mid-South Horse Review, I have talked with so many wonderful leaders in our horse community. Many of them have expressed a great passion for our community to work closer together, instead of working against each other. Our area is full of successful and knowledgeable horse owners and riding instructors. We have a robust group of barns, trainers and educators who all focus and specialize in different equestrian disciplines, breeds, associations and equine groups. This can also mean that barns are competing for a lot of the same students and clientele. But do we need to behave in ways that breed negative and bad human behavior just to protect and grow our businesses? Or can we rally together, recognize other barns, trainers, and business’ strengths and even refer clients and students who are not fitting well into one program to another program? Is this a crazy idea? It is time we stop normalizing toxic barn gossip and behaviors, especially when it is harmful to the overall industry and to one’s business.
Does it benefit the horse community to see one of our own fail? What I grew to understand while working with diverse businesses during my time with the Business Journal was every business: micro, small, medium or large had its own unique fingerprint. I could talk with two businesses who provided the same services, but they were always completely different in the way they served clients, handled uncomfortable situations, how they celebrated their own teams and ways they grew revenue. One business did not do it better than the other; instead one business fit the personality of a specific client better than the other
The fact is we serve horses and horse people. As a publisher, I have to consider and examine why a reader would loyally read my publication instead of a national publication. I have to consider the benefits I can supply a national advertiser when I know a national equine publication reaches a wider audience.
I don’t think you, my reader, only reads the Mid-South Horse Review. I hope you read all leading equine publications and magazines. The more you read means print is not dying. The partnerships we have with our national advertising clients was formed by the way we can intimately touch our regional audience with hyper focus. Instead of taking a shotgun approach to reaching the masses, advertisers can take a sniper approach and reach our very specific horse owner who needs very specific products due to the region we live in.
Moral of the story, I know my readers and advertising clients read and partner with other businesses just like mine, and my feelings aren’t hurt!
In an area so densely populated with horse lovers, equestrians and businesses I feel it is time to stop being viciously competitive and start being accepting of what really generates more business, which is inclusivity, referrals, advocating and helping business competitors when they are either going through hard times or are looking for ways to reach new clients. Let’s be each other’s cheerleaders, because the day you have all the business in the region, means the community and interest in horses is dying.
Let’s support, cheer and help our fellow equine business owners grow and be successful.Lauren Pigford Abbott Publisher & Owner
For these reasons, she feels incredibly blessed to be this year’s GCHS queen.
The 2023 GCHS Princesses and their sponsoring organizations are Taylor Atchison (Nashoba Carriage Association), Alison Cornelison (Landers Ford of Collierville), Lara Eason (Saddles N’ Such), Samantha Gattas (Planters Bank), Gracie Hendrix (Oak Grove Hunt Club), Sofie Herbstrith (Midsouth IEA), Amanda Hickerson (West Tennessee Hunter Jumper Association), Danica Ramberg (Hunters Edge Stables), Sara Stonebarger (Les Passees, Inc.), Ava Swords (Spring Mill Farm), Alana Wesson (Kiwanis Club of Germantown) and Megan Wooldridge (Pegasus of Germantown).
The Germantown Charity Horse Show is one of the oldest and largest all-breed shows in the country and will be June 6 -10 this year. For more information, go to GCHS.org.
The Germantown Charity Horse Show Association held its annual Royal Ball honoring the 2023 Queen and Princesses recently at Woodland Hills Event Center. Members of the GCHS Royal Court provide volunteer service to the community and throughout the annual show. Germantown Mayor, Mike Palazzolo, gave remarks about the importance of their volunteerism. He also presented a proclamation and a special “Horses 10” sign to this year’s queen. Royal Ball Co-Chairs, Melissa Beall and Teresa Martin, arranged a truly magical evening with the help of many GCHS volunteers. Twinkling lights and lovely flowers were the backdrop in the grand ballroom for a delicious dinner, presentation of the GCHS Royal Court, and dancing to the beat of Thumpdaddy. Alex Ginsburg of Alex Ginsburg Photographics provided portraits and candid photos for the event.
Kayla Michelle Benson, the 2023 Queen of Germantown Charity Horse Show, is a junior at the University of Mississippi where she is majoring in business marketing with an emphasis in sales, and minoring in Spanish. She is an active member of Pi Beta Phi and President of the Ole Miss Equestrian Club Team. She is also a member of the Germantown Charity Horse Show Association, United States Equestrian Federation, United States Hunter Jumper Association, Nashoba Carriage Club, Longreen Foxhounds, and serves as the president of the Mid-South Sidesaddle Association.
Queen Kayla is an avid equestrian, learning to ride horses almost before learning to walk. Everyone could see that horses would always play a major role in her life. She be-
gan training with Rose Marie Lawson and Trey Lawson at Oak View Stables at four years of age. During her almost 20 years with Oak View Stables, Kayla has experienced many different disciplines in the equestrian community, and she is a volunteer for Oak View’s veteran equine therapy program, War Horses for Heroes. From equitation, hunters, and jumpers to carriage driving, side saddle, and foxhunting, she enjoys training for fun and competition.
Queen Kayla’s love of show jumping is rooted right here in Germantown where she began attending the Germantown Charity Horse Show and competing there as a young rider. Kayla is an accomplished competitor and knowledgeable young horse woman who competes nationally and has won numerous championships with her two horses, Reba and Corville Z.
Queen Kayla shared that her mother, Ms. Dorothy Louise Benson, has always supported her in anything she set out to accomplish. She is grateful to her grandmother, Linda Pearson, Rose Marie Lawson and the late Wes Lawson, Pam Hill, Trey and Rachel Lawson, Phillip and Laura Lawson, and the rest of her Oak View Stables family for always supporting her and encouraging her to be the best that she can be.
Participating in the Germantown equestrian community instills a passion for horses and influences Kayla’s love of leadership and service to others. She represented Oak View Stables as a Germantown Charity Horse Show Princess in 2019, fulfilling a lifelong dream. Being a role model is an opportunity she cherishes and looks forward to continuing.
(Nashoba Carriage Association), Lara Eason (Saddles N’ Such), Queen Kayla Benson, Gracie Hendrix (Oak View Hunt Club), Danica Ramberg (Hunters Edge Stables). Middle Row: Amanda Hickerson (West Tennessee Hunter Jumper Association), Megan Wooldridge (Pegasus of Germantown), Alison Cornelison (Landers Ford of Collierville). Back Row: Alana Wesson (Kiwanis Club of Germantown), Sara Stonebarger (Les Passees, Inc.), Samantha Gattas (Planters Bank), Ava Swords (Spring Mill Farm), Sofie Herbstrith (Midsouth IEA).
owner as well. Mike states, “When I see the customer’s face, I think, ‘That’s a good service.’” If prior arrangements cannot be made, such as in the case of a sudden, tragic accident, Edward urges clients to call twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week.
The passing of a beloved equine partner is not something most equestrians choose to dwell on. However, it is an inevitable part of life. Edward Yescott, founder and owner of Tennessee Horse Cremation, can help alleviate some of the heartache and pain that accompany equine death.
Open since October 2022, Tenn. Horse Cremation serves about ten customers per month. Located in rural middle Tenn., in the small city of Hohenwald, the business is able to accommodate the needs of customers in Tenn, Ky, Miss, Ga, and Ala, (pricing reflects drive time to location of the horse).
As an animal lover who dedicated the last twenty years of his career in law enforcement as a Fish and Game Warden in Connecticut, Edward wanted to bring caring horse cremation services to the underserved state of Tennessee. How does one get started in the equine cremation industry? Edward credits Jeff Blaschke, of Connecticut Horse Cremation, with everything he knows concerning horse cremation. A chance encounter between the two while working as a Fish and Game Warden turned into a five-year apprenticeship. Once retired from law enforcement, Yescott had all the tools needed
to strike out on his own. That, combined with a twenty-five year desire to move to the South, was the beginning of Tenn. Horse Cremation.
What sets Edward and his business apart from other equine crematoriums comes down to “heartfelt [service], integrity, and efficiency,” Yescott states. It is important to note this is not simply a deceased livestock hauling business. At no point in time is an equine (or any other large farm animal) pushed, pulled, or dragged. The integrity and dignity Edward and his right-hand man, Mike Russell, pour into their work is apparent. In fact, a specially designed machine with a unique cradle lift system is used to pick up the animal in the most respectful way possible. This lift system is able to navigate numerous settings, including paddocks, barns, and uneven terrain. Chains and straps are never used.
Making arrangements with Tenn. Horse Cremation for an ailing, senior equine is the best option, if at all possible. If planned ahead, Edward and Mike will make arrangements to be there when the veterinarian euthanizes to compassionately care for the deceased equine and provide support to the
Heartfelt touches are palpable at Tenn. Horse Cremation. Once it arrives, the equine is tagged throughout the entire process and treated with utmost respect. If the equine is shod, the shoes are removed, polished, and placed on top of the ashes before being presented to the owner. The tail is also brushed, braided, and placed lovingly on top. Handmade urns, smaller-sized ones for minis and ponies and larger ones for bigger equines and large farm animals, from Ethridge, Tenn., with personalized, engraved name plates are both available options. This caring attention to detail is just another reason Tenn. Horse Cremation stands out in the industry. Efficient turn around time of just a couple of days, accompanied by in-person delivery of the remains, also demonstrate the compassion with which Edward operates.
Perhaps the most important service Tenn. Horse Cremation offers is its commitment and dedication to operating with integrity and dignity in the emotionally charged situations that come along with equine death. Edward understands, “Horses are family. We are doing a memorial service for a family member.” He accommodates special requests and never charges extra for night, weekend, or holiday pickup. Another example of Edward’s empathetic care is evidenced by the option of having two bonded, senior horses being cremated together.
Tennessee Horse Cremation is registered with the International Association of Pet Cemeteries and Crematories (IAOPCC). The numerous five-star reviews of beyond satisfied clients speak volumes to the dignity and respect Edward and Mike pour into their
work. Thoughtful communication and patient aid in the decision-making process are just two of the many attributes his customers praise him for. Some customers go as far to describe the sensitivity and professionalism with which Tenn. Horse Cremation operates as a “rare find” in today’s world. Whether you have a senior horse requiring end-oflife care or a horse who has experienced an unexpected, tragic injury, you will not be disappointed by the compassionate care Edward provides.
When asked what the future goals are for Tenn. Horse Cremation Edward states, he hopes it becomes a family business if his daughters choose to become involved. Opening more equine crematoriums could also be an option down the road. For now, however, Edward is choosing to solely focus on providing compassionate service to his customers. He strives to make a “bad situation a tiny bit better.” Understanding the magnitude of the importance of his work is apparent as Edward states, “I’m giving the customer peace of mind with dignity and respect.”
Section Sponsored By:
The 19th Annual Junior North American Field Hunter Championships took place on Saturday, March 4, 2023. The event took place at the Robeson Farm, owned by Gerald Robeson. It was hosted by The Mells Foxhounds in Lynnville, Tenn.
Horses and riders began arriving on Thursday and Friday, March 2 and 3. On Saturday competition kicked off with Division Hacks where the horses and riders were reviewed by judges prior to a mock trial. The judges selected 10 riders from each flight. There were four flights total: Hilltopper 10 & Under, Hilltopper 11-18, First Field 13 & Under, and First Field 14-18. The selected top ten riders from each flight then competed in individual tests.
The Champions and Reserved Champions in each division are:
Hilltopper 10 & Under:
Champion- London McCalley riding “Dude” from Lowcountry Hunt/ Salt March PC.
Reserved Champion- Charlotte Wilson riding “Cowgirl” from Belle Meade Hunt
Champion- Dot Daus riding “Mr. Popper’s Penguin from Camargo Hunt/Miami Valley PC
Reserved Champion- Claire Lacey riding “Bentley” from Lowcountry Hunt
First Field 13 & Under:
Champion- Wells Pfister riding “Landy” from Iroquois Hunt/ Bluegrass PC
Reserved Champion- Scarlett Knull riding “Kismet” from Keswick Hunt/ Deep Run PC
First Field 14- 18:
Champion- Kathryn Sanford riding “Most Likely” from Lowcountry Hunt
Reserved Champion- Samantha Manning riding “Good Luck Molly” from Snickersville Hounds
This year’s championship had riders come as far as Hamilton Hunt Club in Canada. The competition is designed for Junior riders 18- years- old and younger, on appropriate fox-hunting ponies and horses. To learn more about the competition and all who placed visit www.jnafhc.com
While many horses can graze to their heart’s content, some are more susceptible to the ill effects of high fructan- grasses. Horses with Insulin Resistance and Equine Metabolic Syndrome require careful management this time of year. Though relegating your horse to a dirt lot may be necessary, many horses can enjoy a few hours turnout on pasture with modifications. Here are a few tips to help keep your horse safe during spring turnout.
Understanding plant growth will give you the knowledge needed to safely put horses on pasture. During daylight hours the plant produces and stores fructan via photosynthesis. Once the sun goes down the plant then uses that fructan (sugar) to grow. Grasses are lowest in fructan from midnight to about 10:00 am, so turning your horse out for a few hours in the early morning will lower the level of fructan consumed. Grazing muzzles are also an option, with new designs on the market in the past few years. Be sure to remove the muzzle when you return your horse to its dry lot and check for any skin rubs. It’s best to start with a short amount of time (1-2 hours) then gradually increase as your horse’s gut adjusts to the change in diet.
Winter hung on a bit longer than usual this year, with many nights below freezing well into March. While these temps may have kept the bugs at bay a while longer, the spring grasses were not deterred. Lush spring growth is well known to contain high levels of fructan, a plant sugar that is not di-
gested by the stomach or small intestine in the horse. When excess fructan arrives in the hindgut it can interfere with normal fiber digestion, thus leading to a cascade of detrimental events. Colic and laminitis can result from a horse eating too much fast-growing spring grass.
Proper pasture management is also key. Higher levels of fructans are found in the lower stem, rapidly growing new growth, overgrazed pastures, and pastures stressed from drought and poor soils. Pasture rotation and soil management are useful tools in providing safe pasture turnout for sensitive horses.
A few hours of carefully planned daily turnout will keep your horse’s mind and body happy this spring!
soil’s pH (ideal pH is 5.5-7.0) and any fertilizer needs as well. Testing the soil is imperative, as it is the only determinant of critical nutrient and mineral replacement, if needed. Contact your local UT Extension office for further information on taking and submitting a soil sample.
One perennial problem most horse owners face each spring is weed management. We all know weeds compete with good grasses, so it’s important to remove them. When it comes to controlling weeds in your pasture this spring, there are organic alternatives to spraying herbicides: mowing and rotational grazing.
It’s that time of year again. The rain, green leaves on the trees, and shedding horses are all signs spring has arrived. As you prepare your equine for warmer weather and more riding, showing your pasture a little spring TLC can go a long way as it pertains to the health of your horse.
Dr. Wayne Conley, owner of Willow Oak Farm in Rosemark, Tenn., suggests starting spring pasture prep with these simple tasks: observe and inspect. He suggests taking a “slow walk around all pastures.” Not only does this allow you to check for downed limbs, fences that need fixing, and anything unusual in your pasture (Dr. Conley has found a flashlight, shed deer antlers that could pop a tractor tire, and various other objects), but a slow, methodical walk also allows you to notice any bare spots in the pasture. These bare spots among the grasses raise the questions: “What’s not growing here? Why?”
If grass is not growing consistently, you may want to submit a soil sample to determine the health of your pasture. According to Chris Cooper, PhD, and Kyla Szemplinski, MS, of the UT-TSU Shelby County Extension Office, “Good soil is the foundation for any pasture,” literally. A soil test reveals the
If you choose to mow for weed control, Dr. Conley advises you not to mow below two to three inches. Anything lower than that can easily introduce parasites to your equine. Mowing is beneficial in both pasture management and weed control in that it “encourages grazing and stimulates root and plant growth,” Kyla states.
Rotational grazing prevents overgrazing, which allows weeds to flourish. Kyla recommends dividing your pasture into segments and rotating your horses through these segments once it has been grazed down to 4-5”. Not only does rotational grazing decrease the amount of spring weeds, it can also decrease the effects of erosion, amount of hay you feed, and maintenance fertilization. If possible, Kyla suggests housing horses on a dry lot or sacrifice lot when pasture grasses are re-growing.
Parasites can be controlled through proper spring pasture prep as well. A manure management protocol can reduce parasite load in the ground. This can be as simple as physically removing manure off small pastures or dragging larger pastures. Dragging exposes the parasites found in manure to the environment, thus killing them. For those horse owners with larger pastures, plan to drag 2-3 times a year during hot, dry weather.
Having a plan in place to combat erosion is another import-
ant aspect of spring pasture preparation. With all the recent spring rain, most pastures tend to become muddy. Smaller pastures and those with high traffic areas “become victims to erosion faster, thus turning into mud fields,” UT Extension Agent I, Kyla, states. Not only does mud become a breeding ground for parasites, which can cause painful hoof abscess and other equine hoof ailments, but it is a safety hazard for both the equine and equestrian as well. She recommends horse owners with extensive spring mud “invest in a high traffic pad with geotextile fabric in areas such as dry lots, feeding areas, gates, shelters, etc.” If a larger pasture is in a geographic area of highly erodible land (HEL) and preventing mud before spring has a chance to create it is the goal, Dr. Conley suggests keeping your soil covered, and therefore, protected with a cover crop. He also states you can create a buffer by fencing off the area in between the pasture and the area at risk for erosion.
Finally, it wouldn’t be spring if we didn’t discuss the laminitis risk the lush, sugary spring grass brings with it. According to Dr. Cooper and Kyla, these lush pasture grasses contain “tons” of non-structural carbohydrates (NSC), which are, essentially, sugars (such as fructan) and starches. As stated in the article, “Spring Pasture Turnout, the Safe Way,” by Michele Harn, M.S., these NSC can upset the horse’s gut and trigger laminitis and potential colic episodes as well. “It is critical to slowly introduce horses to lush pastures in timed increments,” Kyla states. Try grazing only 15 minutes per day at first, gradually increasing until you reach target turnout time. Studies suggest NSC are lowest in the early morning hours of 4AM8AM. If you have a horse with previous metabolic or laminitis issues, keep in mind spring grasses are highest in NSC, Dr. Cooper advises. He also suggests supplementing these susceptible horses with hay low in NSC, such as warm-season grasses, like bermuda, and, again, restricting turnout time.
A little planning and preparation this spring can set your equine up for good grazing as we enter the warmer months.
Section Sponsored By:
tions such as PPID (Cushing’s) and EMS (Equine Metabolic Syndrome) may not be so happy to see” spring pastures, according to Catherine Whitehouse, MS, Nutrition Advisor at Kentucky Equine Research (KER). Horses with these metabolic conditions may require diet changes as we transition into spring, such as pasture restriction, use of a grazing muzzle, and specific turn out times.
account for the precise amount of forage your equine is actually taking in. Turn out time between 12AM-10AM, when the grass is lowest in sugar content, is another way to manage intake in horses with metabolic conditions.
ible to most equines, so careful monitoring and management of pasture intake is paramount in preventing undesirable insulin levels, obesity, and laminitis- even in healthy equine populations.
Congratulations, Mid-South horse enthusiasts, we’ve officially made it through winter! As we ease into spring there are many changes to be made in and around the barn: pasture management, turn out time, more riding and training, and so on. However, one change that may not be on the forefront of our minds is seasonal diet changes in our equines.
For those horse owners with senior horses or equines who struggle to maintain weight throughout winter, the lush, spring grass is a welcome sight; however, “owners of easy keepers and horses with endocrine condi-
If not closely monitored, pasture grazing can quickly lead to laminitis in at-risk equines, such as those with insulin dysregulation and easy keepers. “Rapidly growing pastures [contain] significant amounts of nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC),” according to Catherine. These NSC combined with the equine’s natural propensity to take in high levels of forage can lead to obesity and laminitis. Increased circulating insulin levels are yet another negative effect. To combat these undesirable conditions in your equine, Catherine recommends “restricting access to pasture with grass-free turnouts (dry lots or track systems) that still allow movement, or the use of grazing muzzles to help slow the rate of [pasture] intake.” It is important to note that although a great tool, a grazing muzzle does make it difficult to
What about those equines who are kept on a dry lot or small pasture through the winter and those who are mostly kept stalled? These horses will require different management styles when it comes to spring grazing. Catherine recommends reintroducing them to any spring pasture gradually “ to allow the microbial population in the hindgut to adapt to the diet changes, predominantly the rapidly fermentable fiber and higher NSC content.” Gas, loose stool, and colic episodes are signs of overgrazing to watch out for when putting these horses on pasture this spring. Feeding hay before turning out horses who are not used to being on pasture continuously is another way to slow the rate of intake, according to Catherine.
Even horses in regular training programs are at risk for weight gain when mostly on rapidly-growing, spring pasture for most of the day. The fresh, green spring grass is highly- palatable, and, therefore, irresist-
Another seasonal diet change to consider this spring is the use of supplements. Catherine suggests those horses whose forage intake comes from mostly hay may be good candidates for vitamin E supplementation. This fat-soluble vitamin is an important antioxidant for horses. It helps maintain a healthy immune system and supports nerve and muscle function as well. Naturally found in fresh, green grasses, your horse will not require additional vitamin E if on good quality pasture for at least 8 hours a day. As always, free-choice salt should be available this spring as well, but Catherine states, “Horses grazing on lush pastures may benefit from salt top-dressed onto their feed to ensure adequate sodium intake and maintain optimal water intake, as it is not uncommon for horses to decrease voluntary water intake due to the high water content of lush pastures.”
Disease to see images of horses fed excess phosphorus. If you follow the label directions your mare and foal will get all the nutrients needed in the correct ratios.
It’s important to monitor your mare’s body condition during lactation. If she is not fed adequate calories, protein, and minerals, she will pull these nutrients from her own body to maintain milk production. A body condition score (BCS) between 5 and 7 is generally considered ideal for a mare in milk. You may need to adjust the amount of feed she gets if her BCS starts to drop.
“If you need to add calories for a broodmare, first make sure she is getting the recommended amount of feed on the bag and that she is eating as much good quality forage as she wants to eat. If those are covered, you can then add a balanced fat supplement, like Amplify. If cost is an issue, you can also add an oil instead, such as corn oil, to add calories,” notes Mary Beth Gordon, PhD, Equine Nutritionist, Purina Animal Nutrition.
Other sources of fat include ground flax seed (often with added vitamins and minerals) and commercially produced oil products. Weekly assessment of your mare’s BCS will help you adapt her diet as she goes through changes in dietary needs from birth through weaning her foal.
You spent countless hours searching for the perfect stallion, carefully planning for your mare’s nutritional and medical needs during pregnancy all while getting the barn ready for the foal. Once the long anticipated day arrives your mare will undertake the most energy demanding stage of her life.
Most mares do well on their normal diet until the last third of gestation when they need a 30% increase in caloric intake as the rapidly growing foal gains one pound body weight daily and her body prepares for lactation. When her milk production is at the highest in the first three months, she may need 60-80% increase in calories and 50-200% increase in water intake (NRC, Nutrient Requirements of Horses, 2007). She also needs increased protein, calcium and phosphorous in her diet. How to supply those increased levels of nutrients takes careful planning, especially if you have a mare with a history of Insulin Resistance or Equine Metabolic Syndrome.
It is well known that horses are sensitive to high levels of sugar in their diet. So the best way to add calories to a mare’s diet is by increasing the fat content. Since fat isn’t
very palatable to many horses adding it to other feeds, like corn and oats, improves the taste. Some companies even add flavor enhancers such as anise (licorice). Many national and local feed mills have higher fat feeds designed specifically for pregnant and lactating mares. There are also commercially available high fat concentrates that can be added to your mare’s regular diet.
These specifically formulated diets are ideal as they balance not only calories, but also protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals. Proper levels of vitamins, fatty acids, minerals and micro-minerals are key to the nursing foal who gets all its nutrition from the mare’s milk. They also help keep your mare in good condition as she exerts tremendous energy producing milk. It’s important to follow label directions and never add grains to a mixed feed without first consulting an Equine Nutritionist or your veterinarian. For instance, adding oats to a mixed feed increases the level of phosphorus in the diet. If phosphorous is higher than calcium in the diet, the body will pull calcium out of the bone to process the excess phosphorous. You can do a Google search for Big Head
For mares with metabolic challenges it may be best to consult your veterinarian or Equine Nutritionist for ways to safely increase her caloric intake. Late gestation mares typically don’t eat as much forage and often rely on some form of concentrate for added calories; often this comes through grain products. Feeding a higher quality hay and adding fat for calories can keep your mare in good condition as she foals and begins lactating.
As with all your horses, offering clean, fresh water along with free choice salt and high quality hay and/or pasture will keep your mare in good condition while she lactates. It’s good to monitor your mare (and foal) for dehydration during this time and call your vet if you have any concerns.
Mares have foaled without human intervention for thousands of years and continue to do so today in the wild. With selective breeding and housing in confined ares, we have changed the game. But with careful planning and advice from your veterinarian and Equine Nutritionist, your mare can successfully feed her foal and maintain her own condition. Congratulations on your new addition!
Section Sponsored By:
For most horse owners and riders a horse is much more than a pet; it is truly a partner. Some equines are heavily relied on in competitions, events, ranch and farm work, and more. Just like human athletes, performance horses have an increased need for certain nutrients, and deficiencies in these nutrients can lead to suboptimal performance.
What constitutes a performance horse? Typically, performance horses are trained or ridden more days than not within a given week. Regardless of discipline, any horse that is actively trained, ridden, or may carry or pull a load can be described as a performance horse. “Exercise increases a horse’s nutrient requirements over that of a horse at rest,” states Ashley Fowler, Ph.D., Nutritionist at Kentucky Equine Research (KER), so careful consideration must be given to properly feeding and supplying nutrients these working horses require.
Feeding guidelines for performance horses will “greatly depend on the workload, discipline, and body condition of the horse; [however] all diets should start with forage that is free of mold, weeds, and oth-
er debris,” according to Dr. Fowler. When choosing a grain for your performance horse, remember the horse will need to take in enough calories to meet its energy needs above those calories provided by forage.
Horses in light exercise “will have an increased requirement for energy, protein, minerals needed for bone [health] (calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium), as well as electrolytes (sodium, potassium, and chloride), and vitamin E,” Dr. Fowler states. Horses doing more than light exercise will also have increased requirements for trace minerals. Fortified concentrates formulated specially for performance horses are available. While it is important to consult with your veterinarian or an equine nutritionist before making any changes to your horse’s diet, also be sure to follow the feeding recommendations on the bag for your horse’s specific weight and workload. This will ensure the nutritional requirements are met.
Dr. Fowler recommends free-choice access to a salt block or adding salt directly to your horse’s feed to meet the requirement of sodium. On hot, humid days when your
Section Sponsored By:
horse has lost excess fluid to sweat during training, consider feeding an electrolyte replacement to help replenish those key minerals.
While not required, Dr. Fowler suggests some exercising horses could benefit from prophylactic joint support. Through extensive research, Kentucky Equine Research has developed a specific supplement that is a source of high molecular weight sodium hyaluronate that contributes significantly to the maintenance of cartilage health and elasticity, joint fluid viscoelasticity, and lubrication of the entire joint mechanism.
It is important to also note that performance horses run a greater risk of developing gastric ulcers. Dr. Fowler suggests, “increasing the time spent eating forage, adding some alfalfa to the diet, and feeding forage prior to exercise” as ways to reduce this risk. She also recommends adding oil to your horse’s diet, specifically, “one containing the fatty acid GLA,” as a measure to further reduce the risk of gastric ulcer development.
Many horse owners and trainers find that supplementation helps their horse(s)
perform better. Brittany Stang, local horse trainer and barrel racer, began supplementing (under her vet’s advice) her personal barrel horse with pure MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) and then moved to a hyaluronic acid joint supplement fortified with MSM. Brittany also gives a supplement that helps aid normal blood cell heath. This helps her horse maintain energy which assists in performance demands. She cautions horse owners and riders to tailor any supplementation with your performance horse’s specific needs through a ration evaluation done by an equine nutritionist and even obtain blood work through your vet if possible. “The performance work must match the supplementation you’re providing,” Brittany states.
Feeding a horse that is regularly exercised is more than opening a bag of grain. Being mindful of the increased demand for certain nutrients, vitamins, and minerals these horses need is of utmost importance. Providing your performance horse with the correct caloric intake, nutrients, and supplements can help keep you both in the winner’s circle.
Section Sponsored By:
probiotics as “live microorganisms (bacteria) that have been proven to show a positive effect on health.” These bacteria promote a balance in the digestive tract and are thought to play a role in GI transit, metabolization, immunity, and even energy generation.
Although there are ongoing equine studies on prebiotics and probiotics, Mark Akin, DVM, goes with the theory they “won’t hurt, might help.” In fact, if your horse has any “medical issue affecting the GI tract, like Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome (EGUS), chronic or acute diarrhea, chronic colic, or decreased motility” pre and probiotics could be especially beneficial, according to Dr. Akin. Observing your horse’s manure is an easy way to determine if taking pre and probiotics may benefit your horse. Any manure that is soft, liquid, or occurs too frequently is consistent with a problem in the horse’s microbiome.
Most of us know probiotics are beneficial in providing good bacteria…in humans. Yogurt or probiotic capsules are often used to promote healthy gut function. However, are you aware probiotics and prebiotics are thought to be just as beneficial in horses?
What exactly is the difference in prebiotics and probiotics? Prebiotics are ingredients that promote the growth and health of microorganisms which are already present
in your horse’s gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Think of prebiotics as a source of food for your horse’s pre-existing gut microbes. Prebiotics do not introduce new bacteria to the digestive tract.
Probiotics, however, do introduce good bacteria, such as Lactobacillus and Enterococcus, to your horse’s GI tract. Shannel Wylie, M.S., PAS, Nutrition Advisor at Kentucky Equine Research (KER), defines
The most important aspects of digestion occur in the hindgut of horses, particularly the cecum and the colon. It is here that fiber, the majority of equine nutrition, is digested. “To optimize effectiveness, prebiotics and probiotics have to reach the hindgut intact, which means they must pass through the acidic environment of the stomach unscathed”, according to Shannel. Responsi-
bility for effectiveness lies with individual manufacturers.
Many feeds on the market already contain prebiotics and/or probiotics. If your particular feed does not include them, they can easily be bought separately at your local feed store and top-dressed onto your horse’s feed. Catherine Whitehouse, M.S., Nutrition Advisor at KER, recommends purchasing pre and probiotics “from reputable companies that provide complete ingredient information, including colony-forming unit (CFU), and utilize strains that have research to support their safety for the intended class of horse.” She also notes it is important to be aware that studies have shown negative effects, such as diarrhea, when used in foals.
Times of stress, such as travel, competing, or even a dietary change can disrupt the balance of your horse’s GI tract. Prebiotics and probiotics should be considered separately, as the benefits may be different based on the product and the specific problem. As always, consult with your veterinarian or an equine nutritionist before making any dietary changes to your horse’s feeding routine. After carefully researching which product might be best for your horse, follow the manufacturer’s feeding recommendations carefully.
A horse with extensive loss of muscle and fat, combined with a very low body condition score (BCS) constitutes an emaciated horse. These neglected and starved horses are at risk for serious health problems, including those of the digestive tract and heart. When rescued from a neglect situation, these equines must be brought back to a healthy weight. Before beginning any type of weight gain protocol, be sure to consult with your veterinarian.
Laura Lutz, Barn Manager at Redemption Road Horse Rescue in Jackson, Tenn., asserts it is paramount to “refeed very gradually” when caring for an underweight horse. The worst thing you can do is feed too much too quickly. Redemption Road follows a specific refeed protocol from UC-Davis. Laura says they typically start an emaciated horse on lower quality hay and gradually move up from there if the horse is not used to grain or a higher quality hay. In fact, for the first week, grain is not given at alljust so the horse can get used to hay. Since starved horses have decreased gut bacteria necessary for proper digestion, grain is introduced slowly, and the amount is bumped up after 2-3 weeks. Laura also recommends having the horse’s teeth checked and dewormed (gradually, beginning with a gentle medication) when attempting to put weight on an emaciated horse.
Most refeed protocols suggest in the immediate recovery period following a rescue of a starved, neglected horse, start with 1 lb. of mixed-grass hay every 2 hours, or pasture grazing for 30 minutes at a time with an hour break in between. If possible, leave the horse stalled at night with 4 lbs. of mixed-grass hay, plenty of water, and a salt block. This will allow you to control
the horse’s intake and observe defecation as well- the simplest way to get an idea of how its gastrointestinal (GI) tract is handling the nourishment.
If you are caring for an underweight horse, shoot for a goal of your horse gaining ½ lb. per day. For example, with a BCS below 5, a horse is 45-50 lbs. below its ideal weight. Putting weight on a horse is a slow process if done safely. Aim for a ½ lb. of gain per day as a safe goal; this would equal out to 45 lbs. of gain in 90 days.
Approximately 4,500 additional calories a day should help you achieve a ½ lb. of weight gain each day. This can be done by feeding 3,000 calories of grain (about 2 lbs.) and 1,800 calories of hay (remember: start with lower quality hay and gradually move up) per day. Choose a controlled starch feed that is easily digestible. As always, make any changes gradually, so the horse’s gut isn’t upset and, therefore, increasing the risk of colic episodes. If you notice any signs of GI upset, such as manure that is too soft, too frequent, or even liquid, you may consider feeding a pre and probiotic blend, as detailed in the “Benefits of Pre and Probiotics” article.
At Redemption Road a grain with an adequate blend of fat and protein is fed to these starved horses. Older horses may receive Red Cell, a vitamin/iron/mineral supplement “to fill in any gaps,” Laura states. Coconut oil may be given for coat health, and, if needed, calorie-building supplements may be given for those horses who continue to struggle to build weight.
Once brought up to a healthy weight and rehabilitated, these rescue horses can resume a normal life and make wonderful equine partners.
the neurotransmitter dopamine from the hypothalamus. In horses suffering from PPID, degeneration of the neurons that produce dopamine results in lack of control of hormones produced by the pars intermedia, and the resulting high levels of these hormones can affect various processes throughout the body.
With an estimated 10%-20% of horses over the age of 15 diagnosed with Equine Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (PPID), chances are many horse owners will encounter this disease at some point in time. Many horse owners commonly refer to PPID as “Cushing’s Disease,” however, “Cushing’s Disease” is not comprehensive enough of a term for the actual condition. The underlying cause of PPID is loss of inhibition of the pars intermedia region of the pituitary gland. PPID is both complicated and long term; however, it is not a death sentence. Although there is no cure, PPID symptoms may be managed through diet, exercise, and medication (under your veterinarian’s guidance). Katie Young, Ph.D. is an Equine Nutritionist with Kentucky Equine Research. In this Q&A she breaks down the exact causes, symptoms and ways to manage PPID.
What is Cushing’s? Is there any certain test to detect this, or is it diagnosed by signs/symptoms? Are certain breeds or senior horses prone to it?
1. Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID, equine Cushing’s disease) is an age-related endocrine disorder which occurs in about 20% of horses, ponies, and donkeys 15 years of age or older. PPID can occur in younger horses, but it is rare in horses younger than 10 years of age. At this time, age is the only significant risk factor for PPID; no breed or sex predispositions have been determined.
2. The pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, has an important role in regulating body hormones. These hormones affect many metabolic and reproductive functions, blood pressure, and electrolyte balance. In PPID, horses develop enlargement and benign tumors in the pars intermedia (middle lobe) of the pituitary gland. This condition affects hormone production pathways in the brain, specifically from the hypothalamus and pituitary glands. The release of hormones from the pituitary gland is normally controlled through
3. One of the main hormones that increases with PPID is adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). High levels of ACTH can cause several problems, including delayed shedding, muscle wasting (especially over the topline), weight loss, abnormal thirst (polydipsia) and urination (polyuria), either excessive sweating or an abnormally dry coat, changes in behavior, decreased reproductive function, and immune system suppression (resulting in increased susceptibility to chronic infections).
4. Approximately 30% of horses diagnosed with PPID also exhibit abnormal glucose metabolism (insulin dysregulation), in which blood insulin levels are high due to decreased insulin response in tissues. Insulin dysregulation places horses with PPID at higher risk of developing laminitis, which is one of the most serious complications of PPID. Insulin dysregulation is the defining characteristic of equine metabolic syndrome (EMS), and PPID and EMS can occur simultaneously in a horse. It has been suggested that horses with EMS may be at higher risk of developing PPID as they age, and at this time it is not known whether EMS and PPID are causatively linked.
5. The most common clinical signs of PPID include an abnormal haircoat (regional patches of long hair such as legs, chin and belly), failure to shed (hypertrichosis), muscle loss, lethargy, chronic infections, weight loss (profound loss of fat and muscle), pot belly due to lost muscle tone, and abnormal sweating –either increased sweating (hyperhidrosis) or lack of sweating (anhidrosis).
6. Early diagnosis of PPID can be difficult. Blood tests are often negative in early stages of PPID, and symptoms can be overlooked in the normal aging process. Clinical signs of PPID may lead to a diagnosis based on examination and history. The long haircoat typical of PPID horses is often used as a diagnostic tool, but should not be used as an absolute diagnosis since malnutrition and other conditions can cause haircoat changes. Horses with mild PPID may be at risk of laminitis, so screening tests are important to help identify horses with PPID before overall health declines or laminitis develops.
7. Measurement of baseline ACTH is of-
ten used in diagnosis of PPID. Horses with more advanced PPID often exhibit elevated levels of ACTH, so resting plasma ACTH concentration is typically measured and compared to a reference range. However, ACTH levels can be affected by season, stress, illness, exercise, and sometimes diet, so testing the horse in its home environment when healthy and not stressed will yield the best results. A baseline ACTH test is most helpful for detecting moderate to advanced cases of PPID, but may not detect early stage PPID.
8. Additional testing, such as thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation test, may provide additional evidence of early stage PPID, or when ACTH testing is inconclusive. In this protocol, after a baseline ACTH sample is collected, TRH is administered intravenously and in 10 minutes an additional ACTH sample is collected. However, there can be substantial variability in the results. Since many PPID horses exhibit insulin dysregulation, and PPID and EMS can coexist, testing for insulin dysregulation is also important when PPID is suspected.
1. PPID is a progressive condition, and there is no cure. Treatment is intended to address and reduce clinical signs of the disease and must be continued for the life of the horse. The prognosis for horses diagnosed with PPID is variable, and is somewhat dependent on symptoms. Some horses respond to a low level of medication, while others require a much higher level. Some horses respond well to management protocols, and may not require medication to maintain quality of life.
2. The only medication licensed for treatment of PPID in horses is pergolide mesylate. Pergolide is a drug that acts on receptors within the pars intermedia to suppress tissue enlargement and tumor growth. Amount of pergolide that results in improvement of clinical signs can vary, and horses that do not respond to high doses of pergolide may be treated with additional medication as prescribed by the veterinarian. Ongoing monitoring of horses undergoing treatment is important, and it is recommended that retesting be performed at least twice a year to determine if changes in medication are needed.
3. Diet and exercise can help manage some symptoms of PPID, but is not a cure. The horse’s body weight and condition, ability to exercise, and whether insulin dysregulation is present will
affect management recommendations. Further, the horse’s age will affect dietary requirements. Since PPID is a disease of aged horses, in many cases the horse’s dental condition will determine appropriate dietary changes. If the horse is suffering from poor dentition (missing teeth, lack of chewing surface for utilization of long-stemmed forages), a ration that provides forage alternatives such as pelleted forages or a formulated senior feed with adequate fiber to replace hay/pasture may be required to help support the older horse’s needs.
Are there specific feeding guidelines for these horses, and are they always prone to laminitis?
1. There are not specific dietary guidelines for PPID horses, since symptoms vary. Not all PPID horses are prone to laminitis, so that must be taken into consideration. Some PPID horses are hard keepers, some are easy keepers, so it is important to feed appropriate calories to maintain body weight and condition. If the horse is at risk of laminitis, maintaining appropriate body weight is essential to ensure that excess weight is not putting strain on compromised hooves. Further, providing a diet with controlled soluble carbohydrates to avoid blood glucose/insulin response that may increase risk of laminitis is an important part of dietary management. If the horse is a hard keeper and at risk of laminitis, a higher calorie diet is recommended, but soluble carbohydrate levels are still of concern. Higher fat content to replace some soluble carbohydrates in the diet may be helpful in providing calories to support body weight and condition without increasing risk of laminitis.
2. If the PPID horse is not exhibiting insulin dysregulation, soluble carbohydrate content of the diet is not as much of a concern, but as the disease progresses, it is important to monitor and address if the situation changes.
3. Adequate high-quality protein in the diet of PPID horses may help reduce muscle wasting, as well as support muscle maintenance and repair. Appropriate vitamin and mineral supplementation is also vital to support the aging horse’s nutrient requirements and potentially compromised immune function. While many supplements are marketed to specifically address the needs of PPID horses, at this time there is little published data to support specific ingredients or additives to address the symptoms of PPID.
Coyote Run Arena in Mason Tenn., held their final barrel race of the 2022-2023 Winter Series on March 25. Ms. Emma Twisdale turned in the fastest barrel race time of the day with a 14.68 run to win the open barrels. In the poles, Angie Dowell had the winning time of 19.805 seconds.
A large turnout of youth and beginner riders makes this series as much of a family event as it is a pure competition and a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon.
CONTENT AND PHOTOGRAPHYBY PAUL NOLTE
Tri-Lakes Western Horse Show Association’s Speed Show took place on March 18, 2023 in Coffeeville, Miss. Exhibitors galloped through poles and barrels, racing for the fastest times.
The Volunteer Ranch Horse Association (VOLRHA) held its first show of the 2023 show season on March 11-12, 2023 at the Agricenter Showplace Arena in Memphis, Tenn.
The show kicked off at 8 A.M. on Saturday morning. VOLRHA has four more shows scheduled throughout the year at the Agricenter Showplace Arena. The shows have grown so much in popularity that the remaining shows will be held over three days instead of the usual two days.
The VOLRHA 2023 remaining shows are scheduled for: April 14- 16, May 19-21, September 22-24, and November 3-5. To learn more about VOLRHA visit: http://www.volrha.com
• Guaranteed Nutrition
The Shamrock Shuffle took place on March 4, 2023 at the Pontotoc County Agri-Center in Pontotoc, Miss. Divisions included: Beginners, Youth, Adult, Senior, Trainers, and Poles.
The National Barrel Horse Association (NBHA) is the largest barrel racing organization in the world. In 1992, the NBHA revolutionized the barrel racing industry by pioneering the divisional format, which allows riders of all skill levels a chance to win money and prizes in barrel racing competition.
Hillside Stables – Hillside Stables –Boarding with 2x daily feeding, stall cleaning and turnout. Retired/aged horses welcomed. Wound care/rehab available. Riding lessons -English or western.
Includes covered arena, round pen and wonderful wooded trails. Full board $500.00. We are located south of Collierville/Germantown, east of Olive Branch. www.HillsideStables. wordpress.com 901/857-7500
Premier Horse Boarding in Fayette county. Full/pasture board. Retired horses are welcome. Private pastures, grained 2x daily w/senior feed & Bermuda hay. All weather outdoor arena w/lights. 50+acres of riding, lots of additional amenities. Look us up on FB. Blues City Warmbloods Dana 901-331-3500
Boarding at beautiful WHITE OAK FARM: Located on 40 acres in northeast Shelby County at 10023 Rosemark Rd. Full Board $400/month. Board includes stall cleaning/shavings and morning/evening feedings.
Numerous amenities include large stalls with windows, stall fans, heated waterers, turnout pastures, lighted outdoor arena or inside barn riding, crosstie area with hot/ cold wash rack, fly spray system, Bermuda hay grown and baled onsite. Gated facility with owners and farm manager living on property. Call Sammy 901833-3075.
Lakeland 14 stall barn for rent. Wash rack, feed/tack room and hay storage. $1,500/month for the entire barn or $125/month per stall (3 stall minimum). Non public use only.
Nice barn apartment for rent: $700 a month. 901 338 9686.
Lakeland 3 acre pasture with 3 stall barn for rent. 2 horses maximum. $250/month. 901 338 9696
Nice friendly barn located in Cordova/ Memphis, TN. Located 15 minutes from Germantown, Bartlett, East Memphis and Shelby Farms.
Owners are on site. Retired or Aged horse’s welcome! High dry barn, trails, and small arena. Call Rob (901) 359-3341
Training your horse, the correct & gentle way. Desensitizing & teaching respect on the ground; trust without fear. We mostly use the Buck Brannaman training methods. Exc. References. Grained 2 x day w/ Bermuda hay & private pastures. $800 Mo. Michael Garner 901-857-8060 Blues City Warmbloods on FB
SADDLE & TACK REPAIR:
Van’s Leather Craft. Custom gun holsters, belts, knife sheaths, photo albums etc. For sale: Used & new saddles and horse health products.
Off Hwy. 309, 1909 Bubba Taylor Rd., Byhalia, MS. (662) 838-6269.
White Oak Farm: Full Time job opening for a hard working individual with experience around horses.
Job duties include cleaning stalls, feeding horses, bedding stalls, cutting grass, weed eating, operating farm equipment, stacking hay and everything involved with caring for 25 + horses and 40 acres.
You will be responsible for feeding horses on alternate Sundays. Call 901-833-3075 or 901-458-4314 for details. whiteoakf@ aol.com 10023 Rosemark Rd. Atoka, TN
drivers needed in Downtown Memphis. We will train. No experience necessary. (901) 496-2128. uptowncarriages.com
APRIL 15-16: Brandon, MS
APRIL 14-15: VolRHA. www.volrha.com
APRIL 21-22: Bill Pickett Rodeo
www.gchs.org (901) 754-0009
APRILl 1: WTHJA Spring Schooling Show
APRIL 4-8: WTHJA Springtime in Dixie (National Rated)
APRIL 12-16:WTHJA Springtime Encore (National Rated)
APRIL 14-16: Team Roping School
APRIL 21-22: 4H Clover Classic
APRIL 29-30: Peach State. Min. Horse Club
Murfreesboro, TN www.mtsu.edu/tlc
APRIL 15: Saddle Up for ACE Learning Center
APRIL 22-23: Pleasure Walking Horse Assc. of TN Stepp
Murfreesboro, TN www.mtsu.edu/tmc
APRIL 6-9: WTQHA Spring Fling Circuit
APRIL 13-15: The Fabulous $50,000 Barrel Race
APRIL 7-8: Centerline Show Series
APRIL 15-16: Walking Horse Show
APRIL 13-15: ETSA
APRIL 28-29: Alhambra Shrine Rodeo
APRIL 15-16: Decaturville, TN. Triple P Arena
Holly Fenton (731)377-1059
APRIL 29-30: Brandon, MS
APRIL 29-30: Columbia, TN
https://midsouth.ponyclub.org/calendar/ https://deepsouth.ponyclub.org/ https://middletennessee.ponyclub.org/calendar/
APRIL 15: Mini Trials; Percy Warner Park
APRIL: 16: Spring Certifications; Percy Warner Park
APRIL 1-8: The CMSA Extravaganza. Shelbyville, TN
APRIL 1-2: Forest, MS. Scott Co. Forest Coliseum. 2023 Central MS CHA Weekend Show/Senior World Tour
APRIL 15: Prairie, MS. Infinity Ranch. Northeast MS CHA Weekend Show/ Senior World Tour
APRIL 22-23: Rainsville, AL. Northeast AL Agri Business Center. 2023 NEALCHA Weekend
APRIL 22: Brandon, MS. MPHC.
www.tqha.org, www.mqha.org, www. wtqha.org, www.midsouthquarterhorse. com, facebook Mid-South Breeders
APRIL 7-8: Roland Stacey Memorial Horse Show. Meridian, MS. Lauderdale Co. Agri-Center
APRIL 7-10: Murfreesboro, TN. WTQHA Spring Fling Circuit. TN Miller Coliseum MTSU
www.nationalsteeplechase.com, https:// www.oaklawn.com/racing/calendar/
MAR.-APRIL.: Hot Springs, AR. Oaklawn. Info: https://www.oaklawn.com/racing/ calendar/
APRIL 21-22: 4H Clover Classic. Roane State Expo Center. Harriman, TN.
Sarah, MS. 548 Bryant Lane. Bryant Lane Cowboy Church. Info: facebook Wynne, AR. CR 381. Three Trees Cowboy Church. Info: threetreescowboychurch. com; facebook Collierville, TN. 1656 N. Col-Arl. Rd. Old West Special Trails. Sunday 10:30 am.
FIRST SATURDAY: Houston, MS. Triple E Livestock. Tack 10 am. Horses 2 pm. Info: A.J. Ellis 662-401-9760; 662-2662808
FOURTH SATURDAY: Holly Springs, MS. Marshall County Fairgrounds. Marshall Co. Livestock Exchange. 662-3179021
www.midsouthdressageacademy.org, www.TNDressage.com, www.tvdcta.org, kentuckydressageassociation.com, https://sites.google.com/view/greystonedressage/home
APRIL 23: Mid South Dressage Academy Occupations Schooling Show- Hernando, MS
APRIL 22-23: Coastal Flight Dressage Show III- Gulfport, MS
APRIL 29: Greystone Dressage Virtual April Showers. Kim Carpenter 931-4529225 firstname.lastname@example.org
https://nwha.com, www.sshbea.org, www. walkinghorseowners.com, www.shobaonline.com
APRIL 6-9: WTQHA Spring Fling Circuit. Murfreesboro, TN. TN Miller Coliseum, MTSU.
APRIL 15-16: Walking Horse Show. Cleveland, TN. Tri-State Exhibition Center.
www.americanranchhorse.net, www.volrha. com
APRIL 14-16: VolRHA. Agricenter International. Memphis, TN
APRIL 28-30: Ranch Horse Assoc. of Kentucky. Lakeside Arena. Frankfort, KY.
www.ipra-rodeo.com, www.prorodeo.com, www.lonestarrodeocompany.com
MAR. 31-APRIL 1: Magnolia, AR. Magnolia Stampede
APRIL 7-8: El Paso, AR. Central Ark. PRCA Rodeo
APRIL 14-15: Oneonta, AL. www.lonestarrodeocompany.com
APRIL 21-22: Lebanon, TN. www.lonestarrodeocompany.com
APRIL 28-29: Cleveland, TN. Alhambra Shrine Rodeo
APRIL 6-8: University of Arkansas- Monticello. Monticello, AR.
Info: Rusty Jones (660)815-4654
APRIL 13-15: University of TennesseeMartin. Martin, TN.
Info: Chase Thrasher (931)215-9890
APRIL 27-29: Northwest Mississippi Community College. Senatobia, MS.
Info: Will Lummus (662) 295-8852
(731) 658-5867 http://tnhsra.com
APRIL 1-2: Memphis, TN. Agricenter
APRIL 22: Southside, TN. Montgomery
Co. Shooting Complex: Shooting.
APRIL 22-23: Rainsville, AL: Cutting
APRIL 1-2: Searcy, AR
APRIL 7-8: Lebanon, TN
FIRST, THIRD, FIFTH FRIDAY: Woodbury Livestock Market, 2403 McMinnville Hwy. Tack 5:30 p.m.; Horses 8 pm. Info: (423) 447-8119
FIRST SATURDAY: Hattiesburg, MS. T. Smith Livestock Sales. Tack 10:30 am. Horses 1:30 pm. Info: 601-583-0828
SECOND SATURDAY: Gleason, TN. West TN Auction Barn. 330 Fence Rd. Tack 5:30 pm. Horses 8 pm. Info: Chucky Greenway 731-571-8198
SECOND & FOURTH SATURDAY: Carthage, MS. Farmers Livestock Marketing. Tack 1 pm. Horses 5 pm. Info: 601-2677884; 662-317-9021
http://www.nbha.com; https://ibra.us/ shows/US-TN-WEST
APRIL 13-15: Fabulous $50,000 Payout Barrel Race. Murfreesboro, TN. TN Miller Coliseum, MTSU
APRIL 20-22: ETSA. Cleveland, TN. TriState Exhibition Center.
http://wthja.com, www.brownlandfarm. com, www.mthja.com, www.ethja.org www.gulfcoastclassiccompany.com
APRIL 1: WTHJA Spring Schooling Show
APRIL 1-2: Silent Run Show Spring I and II (National rated). Franklin, TN.
APRIL 6-9: WTHJA Springtime in Dixie (National rated). Germantown, TN.
APRIL 13-16: WTHJA Springtime Encore (National rated). Germantown, TN.
APRIL 19-23: Brownland Farm Spring I
APRIL 26-30: Brownland Farm Spring II
www.apha.com, www.missphc.com, tphconline11.homestead.com, www.volunteerstatepintoorg.com
APRIL 1-2: Frankfort, KY. Lakeside Arena. KY PHC Spring POR.
Facebook: Ingram Mills Saddle Club. Holly Springs, MS. Marshall Co. Fairgrounds. Cook’s Lake Saddle Club. 4269 N. Watkins, Memphis, TN. Info: Wes (901) 5703595. Cookslakesaddleclub.com
Woodstock Cuba Saddle Club. 7211 Woodstock Cuba Rd. Millington, TN. Info: John (901) 412-0327. mywcsc.com
Gould Arena. Ranch Sorting. Info: 901651-1145
APRIL 21-23: Benton, AR. Natural State Showdown. Info: www.ustpa.com
APRIL 28-30: West Monroe, LA. Pen and Sort in the Bayou. Info: www.ustpa.com