Page 1

VOL.2 VOL.2

SUSTAINABLE

EDUCATION + CULTURE + SPORT

Energy-Efficient & Environmental Friendly – New Tendency of Current Buildings

EDUCATION + CULTURE + SPORT

可持续建筑 ( 中 ) 教育+文化+体育

教育+文化+体育 高迪国际 HI-DESIGN PUBLISHING 编 刘健琨、毕崇云、吴越、胡丹琳 译

出版社 XXXXXXXXX

建筑景观设计

节能环保——现时建筑新方向

定价:000.00 元(精)

XXXXXXXXX 出版社


VOL.2

SUSTAINABLE Energy-Efficient & Environmental Friendly – New Tendency of Current Buildings EDUCATION + CULTURE + SPORT

可持续建筑 ( 中 ) 节能环保——现时建筑新方向 教育+文化+体育 高迪国际 HI-DESIGN PUBLISHING 编 刘健琨、毕崇云、吴越、胡丹琳 译

XXXXXXXXX 出版社


Preface 序 言

建筑学的基本责任之一,是要负责地使用地球上有限 的资源。纵观历史,这一点毋庸置疑,也理应被建筑学所 考虑的。然而在某些情况下,由于建筑师自身的选择,抑 或是社会对此的无知和冷漠,建筑师并非总是擅长贯彻这 一职能也成了不争的事实。当然值得宽慰的是,如何迫切 减少建筑物的碳排放以应对即将到来的气候变化的影响, 并有效地使用能源与利用废物,已经在大多建筑公司的设 计过程中被考量。本书的出版即是明证。

多的实际功效。 建筑学同时需要两种诉求。第一种诉求是对于能极大 程度地改变我们思考建筑与自然间关系的方式的新技术和 策略的严谨而有经费保障的探索的诉求。巨大的创新势在 必行,而这项工作,可能是大学的工作,公共政策,和慈 善投资在研究和应用规模大于任何一个单体建筑的工作。 第二个诉求是对于将建筑视为一种文化学科的新的重视度 和价值体系的追求——其会是一个忠于历史的建筑,所考

人们原本寄希望于这种普遍的对于势在必行的可持续

虑之事包含但远不止于其与气候变化的关系。倘若我们足

性的专业回应,能够给行业内无处不在的应对可持续发展

够勇敢,这种有形的、可吸收的、可量化的可持续性之特

的所谓专家实践降降温。然而相反的是,公司们喧嚣地吹

点不应该使我们从辨别两个建筑的好与坏的细微和困难的

捧着彼此有多少 LEED 专业员工,签署了多少项绿色协议,

对话中分心。

如何画漂亮的红色和蓝色箭头,以及如何笃定地给予客户 不可能的承诺——“零碳排放”。在美国,这种特定的掐 架为保证一种工作中的吉祥观念而存在,即一个建筑师可 以提供一个比另一个仅仅大谈特谈其可持续性的建筑带来 更多的永续动力。建筑无需这种喧嚣,而客户应该得到更

毫无疑问,世界需要能够有效地利用地球有限资源的 建筑,而上述两种所谓的诉求并不会使建筑师贯穿这个基 本的责任的能力有所减弱。诚然,世界真正需要的是一个 巨大关于我们如何看待自身与自然之关系的调整。当然, 作为建筑师我们必须相信,世界也需要伟大的建筑。

杰弗里·博查德 马查多与希尔瓦蒂合伙人事务所设计师


It is a basic function of architecture to responsibly use the finite resources of our planet. This has been true throughout history and should be considered indisputable. It is also true that architects have not always been good at fulfilling this responsibility - sometimes due to their own choice or sometimes to the effects of an ignorant or apathetic society. It is clear though that the present urgency to reduce the carbon footprints of buildings, to respond to the impending effects of climate change, and to use energy and waste effectively has thankfully entered the design process of most architecture firms, as evidenced in this publication. One would have hoped though, that the ubiquity of the profession’s response to the sustainable imperative would quiet the claims of so-called expert sustainable practices. Instead, firms clamor over each other to brag about how many LEED professionals they have on staff, how many green pacts they’ve signed, how they can draw fancy red and blue arrows, and how they will definitely give their client the impossible – a zero-carbon footprint. In the USA this particular kind of catfighting is employed in the effort to secure jobs under the auspicious notion that one architect can provide a more sustainable building than another architect simply because they talk about it more. Architecture does not need this noise and clients deserve more substance. What architecture needs are two simultaneous pursuits. The first pursuit is the serious and funded research of new technologies and strategies that will significantly alter the way we think about the relationship between architecture and nature. Massive innovation is required and this is likely the work of the universities, public policy, and philanthropic investments in

research and application at a scale larger than any single building. The second pursuit is a renewed attentiveness and conversation for the virtues and values of architecture as a cultural discipline – one with allegiances and histories that include but are far broader than its important relationship with climate change. The tangible, readily digestible, and quantifiable features of sustainability should not distract us from the nuanced and difficult conversations about what differentiates one architecture from another and, if we are very brave, what is good and bad. There is no doubt that the world requires buildings that effectively use the finite resources of our planet and these two named pursuits will not dilute the average architect’s ability to fulfill this basic responsibility. What the world really needs is a massive adjustment in how we conceive our relationship with nature. But as architects we must believe that the world also needs great architecture.

Jeffry Burchard Architect, Machado and Silvetti Associates


Contents

EDUCATION

教育

目录

010

022

Biological Sciences Complex

UC Irvine Contemporary Arts Center

生物科学大楼

加州大学欧文分校当代艺术中心

032

040

York House Senior School

Carmen Martin Gaite

约克女子中学

卡门·马丁·盖特教学楼

054

062

072

Black Family Visual Arts Center at Dartmouth College

New York University Global Center for Academic and Spiritual Life

Aula Medica

达特茅斯学院黑人视觉艺术中心

卡罗林斯卡医学院礼堂

纽约大学学术与精神研究中心

080

088

100

Commodore John Barry Elementary School

Student Union Building, New Mexico Highlands University

Ravensbourne

约翰·巴里将军小学

雷文斯本设计与传播学院

新墨西哥高地大学学生会大楼

110

120

128

ASU School of Earth and Space Exploration

Hong Kong Design Institute

亚利桑那州立大学地球

Özyeğin University School of English Language Instruction (SELI)

和空间探索学院

沃兹耶因大学英语教育学院

香港知专设计学院


140

152

164

School, Educative & Cultural Center

Collège Lucie Aubrac

Özyeğin University Student Center

学校、教育&文化中心

露西奥伯哈克学校

沃兹耶因大学学生中心

176

186

Oregon College of Art and Craft Drawing, Painting, and Photography Building

Ohio State University South Campus Central Chiller

俄勒冈艺术与工艺学院楼

俄亥俄州立大学南校区制冷车间

CULTURE

198

210

Cultural Centre and Library EEMHUIS

Garenne Colombes Cultural Center

EEMHUIS文化中心与图书馆

加伦白鸽城文化中心

220

228

236

Chelles Multimedia Library

Francis A. Gregory Library

法国巴黎谢勒多媒体图书馆

Francis A. Gregory

Young at Art Museum Broward County Library

社区图书馆

艺术童梦博物馆和

文化

布劳沃德图书馆

242

248

Bracewell Neighborhood Library

Glen Oaks Branch Library

布雷斯维尔社区图书馆

格伦奥克斯分图书馆

SPORT

体育

256

268

Mineirao Stadium

Stadium Du Littoral

米内罗体育场

滨海体育馆

276 Index 索引


EDUCATION 教育 AUTOMATIC MOTORIZED SUN-SHADING SYSTEM Active sunlight control strategy

OPERABLE WINDOWS Natural ventilation

CANOPY ABOVE BUILDING ENTRANCE Passive sunlight control strategy

ROOF PROJECTION Passive sunlight control strategy

SKYLIGHT - OPERABLE WINDOWS Stack effect ventilation

GOVERNANCE ROOM

ATRIUM/LOBBY

ATRIUM/LOBBY


Biological Sciences Complex / 生物科学大楼

022

UC Irvine Contemporary Arts Center / 加州大学欧文分校当代艺术中心

032

York House Senior School / 约克女子中学

040

Carmen Martin Gaite / 卡门·马丁·盖特教学楼

054

Black Family Visual Arts Center at Dartmouth / 达特茅斯学院黑人视觉艺术中心

062

New York University Global Center for Academic and Spiritual Life / 纽约大学学术与精神研究中心

072

Aula Medica / 卡罗林斯卡医学院礼堂

080

Commodore John Barry Elementary School / 约翰·巴里将军小学

088

Student Union Building, New Mexico Highlands University / 新墨西哥高地大学学生会大楼

100

Ravensbourne / 雷文斯本设计与传播学院

110

ASU School of Earth and Space Exploration / 亚利桑那州立大学地球和空间探索学院

120

Hong Kong Design Institute / 香港知专设计学院

128

Özyeğin University School of English Language Instruction (SELI) / 沃兹耶因大学英语教育学院

140

School, Educative & Cultural Center / 学校、教育 & 文化中心

152

Collège Lucie Aubrac / 露西奥伯哈克学校

164

Özyeğin University Student Center / 沃兹耶因大学学生中心

176

Oregon College of Art and Craft Drawing, Painting, and Photography Building / 俄勒冈艺术与工艺学院楼

186

Ohio State University South Campus Central Chiller / 俄亥俄州立大学南校区制冷车间

sustainable architecture Energy-Efficient & Environmental Friendly – New Tendency of Current Buildings

010


10


Sustainable & Green Award: LEED Gold Certified 绿色节能认证:美国绿色建筑认证 LEED 金奖

生物科学大楼

Biological Sciences Complex Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. re-use of building structure and replacement of outdated building systems with energy efficient and water-saving systems 利用节能节水系统重新利用建筑结构,并替换落后的建筑系统

2. reduction of air change rates in laboratories from 10 to 8 air changes per hour with air system turned down to 50% at night 夜间实验室利用数量减半的空气系统将空气循环率降低,每小时从 10 减少到 8

3. installation of innovative solar lighting demonstration system on south facade with use of light canopies, mirrors and photo cells to re-direct daylight over lab benches 南立面安装的智能日光照射系统,通过华盖、镜子和光敏感装置将自然光朝向会议室的座椅 Architect Acton Ostry Architects Inc

Location Vancouver, Canada

Photographer Martin Tessler

11


The mandate of the University of British Columbia Renew program is to modernize, rather than replace, out-dated and obsolete buildings. By rehabilitating old structures, substantial reductions in raw materials, energy inputs, and pollutants are achieved – more than any replacement ‘green’ building could accomplish. The Renew program meaningfully adds re-Use to the sustainability tenets of Reduce and Recycle, commonly practiced in green building design. The Biological Sciences Complex is located at the heart of the University of British Columbia Vancouver Point Grey campus. The South and West wings of the complex were fast-tracked through design and construction in only 19 months to meet a federal stimulus funding deadline. The $47-million, 170,000 sq. ft. project now houses state-of the art laboratories, aquaria, research spaces, classrooms, offices and gathering spaces for the Departments of Botany and Zoology. The all-new mechanical systems include a comprehensive energy-scavenging hydronic heating/cooling system, variable flow lab exhaust, natural ventilation for private

12

offices, and an aquatic life-support system. Electrical services include emergency power systems to protect ongoing research, state-of-the-art networking, and advanced lighting systems that include a prototype daylight-harvesting system developed at UBC. The project is LEED Gold certified, a challenging feat to achieve in view of the exacting requirements of laboratory buildings. Roof drainage integrated in the buttresses diverts rainwater to a swale along Main Mall. Singleglazed windows were replaced with double-glazed operable windows; further, existing solid spandrel panels were replaced with double-glazing to increase daylighting in laboratories, classrooms, faculty and administrative offices. Corridors benefit from large expanses of translucent glass, allowing natural light to enter spaces in the building that are more deeply recessed. The facility will accrue enormous operating energy savings over the next forty years. The project was a study in the many ways consultants can help preserve the Earth and its living inhabitants – the same goals as the Bioscience researchers who now use the facility.


13


14


15


location plan 16


cross section

biological sciences complex bio-swale and seismic butress detail

17


18


biological sciences complex environmental section

不列颠哥伦比亚大学的更新方案的任务是实现旧建筑与废弃建筑的更新,而不是简单地取代。 通过修复原有结构,原材料的使用、能源投入和污染大幅降低 - 比任何重新建造的“绿色”建筑更 加节约。该更新方案意味深长地把重新使用添加到可持续发展原则中的节约和回收的概念之中,而 这一概念被普遍实践到绿色建筑设计中。 生物科学大楼位于不列颠哥伦比亚大学的普特格瑞校园的中心地带。为达到联邦政府刺激资金 的最后期限,大楼的南、西两翼是通过只有 19 个月的设计和施工紧张建造的。这个耗资 47 万美元, 17 万平方英尺的项目现在容纳了艺术实验室,水族馆,研究空间,教室,办公室和动植物系空间。 全新的机械系统包括一个综合能源净化液体循环加热 / 冷却系统,变流实验室排气装置,个人 办公室的自然通风,以及水生生物生命维持系统。电力服务设施包括应急电源系统,以保护正在进 行的研究,最先进的网络系统和包括本校开发的标准日光收集系统在内的先进的照明系统。 由于整个实验楼的严格要求,这个项目实现了一个具有挑战性的壮举,得到了 LEED 金级认证。 整合在扶壁上的屋顶排水将雨水转移到沿主要商场的洼地里。单层玻璃窗换成了双层可操作的玻璃 窗 ; 此外,现有的实体窗间墙换成了双层玻璃,以增加实验室,教室,教师和行政办公室的采光。 走廊得益于大面积透明玻璃,这让建筑凹墙里更深的地方可以得到自然光线。在未来四十年,该设 施会节约巨大的运营能源。该项目是在许多方面都作为研究进行,这份研究可以为帮助保护地球及 居住在地球的各种生物提供参考,与使用这套设备系统的生物科学研究人员具有相同的目标。

19


20


plan

21


Sustainable & Green Award: LEED Platinum Certified 绿色节能认证:美国绿色建筑认证 LEED 银奖

加州大学欧文分校当代艺术中心

UC Irvine Contemporary Arts Center Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. To achieve the University's sustainability goals, non-daylit, conditioned spaces (theater, gallery, classrooms, etc.) were placed at the core of the building with naturally-ventilated spaces (offices, circulation, terraces and artist studios) at the perimeter 为了实现可持续性目标,白天不使用人工照明。剧院、画廊、教师等安装了空调的空间,都位于建筑的中心。 周围是可以利用自然通风的空间,如办公室、传播室、露台和艺术室等。

2. The building's active facades, composed of louvers, operable windows, open stairs, terraces and balconies, facilitate students and faculty on engaging with the surrounding Arts Village on campus 建筑的表皮,由百叶窗、可操作窗户、开放式楼梯、露台和阳台组成,可以促进学生和学校与周边的艺术学院 的沟通。

Architect EHRLICH ARCHITECTS

22

DESIGN-BUILDER EDGE - part of the Ledcor Group of Comapnies

Location Irvine, CA, USA

PHOTOGRAPHER Lawrence Anderson / ESTO


The winning entry in a design-build competition, this 55,000 square foot college Contemporary Arts Center is finely attuned to its Southern California climate and community context. The high performance LEED Platinum certified project incorporates innovative strategies for energy efficiency that become bold design ideas. Inserted into an existing urban arts campus, the fivestory structure includes a large experimental black box theater and an art gallery, both double-height spaces, surrounded by multiple studios, classrooms and offices. Reinforcing the interdisciplinary approach of the School of the Arts, the architecture stimulates interaction with the surrounding Arts Village with multiple terraces, landscaped courtyards, balconies and a colonnade. A new entrance court plaza has been planted with shade trees and fitted with wooden benches and integrated lighting to make it an inviting public gathering space. Located four miles from the ocean, the complex’s benign marine climate contributed to the main design idea. The theater and gallery, both requiring highly mediated environmental control and lighting, are placed at the core of the building. Wrapped around them are smaller, naturally ventilated rooms and corridors that

make up most of the building exterior. Because these perimeter spaces intentionally have no air-conditioning, users are educated in controlling temperature with operable windows and become participants in the green agenda. The top floor consists entirely of artists’ studios, also naturally ventilated, which open onto outdoor terraces that double as extended work areas. The western façade has metal sunscreens and breezy exterior corridors with windows opening to offices. In the early phases of design wind-tunnel tests were conducted that resulted in the incorporation of air ducts that draw hot air through the roof, providing additional crossventilation and cooling. Built into a sloping site, the Arts Building is clad in brick veneer, concrete masonry and glass, which reference the materials that make up much of the surrounding campus. In contrast to the suncontrol strategies of the west façade, the north façade is a glazed wall. The lobby’s full-height mullion-less glass allows unobstructed views into the building, while above it floats a composition of clear, frosted and spandrel glass. The entrance plaza pavers are continued into the lobby, reinforcing the indoor-outdoor emphasis. 23


该方案从建筑竞赛中胜出,建筑面积 55000 平方英 尺,与加州南部气候和社区环境相适应。这个高性能项 目 , 正在等待 LEED 铂金级认证 , 综合使用了许多革新式 的节能技术这也成为了建筑设计大胆的构思。建筑处于 独具都市艺术感的校园之中 , 共五层,包括一个大型实 验性黑盒剧场和一座艺术画廊 , 均为双层通高空间 , 被 多个工作室 , 教室和办公室包围。为加强艺术学院跨学 科的特点 , 建筑利用多层梯台、景观庭院、阳台与柱廊, 促进了其与周围的艺术村的相互渗透。新建的入口广场 种植了遮荫的树木并设置了木制长椅和集成照明,使其 成为更具有欢迎性的集会空间。 建筑离海 4 英里,当地的温带海洋性气候成为了建 筑设计的理念来源。剧场与画廊位于建筑的中心,都需 要对环境与灯光进行严格的控制。其周围布置有能够自 然通风的小房间与走廊,也正是这些空间能够反映在建 筑的外立面上。由于这些空间并未设置空调,因此需要 使用者利用窗户进行室内环境调节,使人们成为了建筑 绿色计划的参与者。顶层均为艺术家的工作室 , 也可自 然通风 , 它们与室外露台相连,几乎拓展了一倍的工作 空间。西侧立面设有金属遮阳板,室内走廊通风良好并 对办公室进行开窗处理。在设计的早期阶段进行了风洞 试验 , 因此设置了通风管道将热空气从屋顶排除 , 形成 空气对流进行降温。

Site Plan

24

建筑建于坡地之上,外立面使用饰面砖、混凝土砌 块与玻璃等在周边校园建筑中广泛应用的材料。与西立 面的遮阳策略相对,北立面则大量使用玻璃幕墙。大厅 的通高无框玻璃幕增强了实现的通透性,其上面漂浮着 透明的磨砂拱肩玻璃。大堂入口广场铺装延续至大厅中 , 加强了室内外的联系。


The concept of wrapping naturally ventilated spaces around climate-controlled spaces allowed for an efficient mechanical system design.

25


Programming Section

26


27


28


29


30


31


约克女子中学

York House Senior School Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Energy-efficient storm water management, energy optimization, passive solar control systems 节能的洪水管理系统、能源最优化和被动热能控制系统

2. Use of daylighting and sustainable materials 使用自然照明和可持续性材料 Architect Acton Ostry Architects Inc

32

Location Vancouver, Canada

Photographer Michael Elkan, Bob Matheson


The York House Senior School in Vancouver, British Columbia provides a strong presence and new entry point for the greater York House campus through a soaring glazed portal, circulation crossroads and atrium space that connects the south, north and east wings of the existing school. The addition includes 36,000 square feet of classrooms; administrative and service spaces; social locker zones and lounge areas for students in grades eight through twelve. Innovative, progressive and collaborative state-of-the-art learning and teaching spaces are adaptable and flexible, with spaces and places for informal student and teacher interaction throughout the day. The composition and hierarchy of the primary west-facing entry elevation is stepped back at the third story, creating an extensive balcony that reduces apparent scale and relates to the horizontal data of the adjacent north and south wings. Vivid, wood-finished, vertical sunshades at the west and east elevations provide solar shading and accentuate the striking presence of the building on the street and to the campus. Junior students pass through the sky-lit atrium crossroads, which

features several terraced social and informal study spaces, on their way to other areas of the existing school. The central atrium space connects the Senior School to the existing north and south wings though a generous, day-lit concourse, creating dynamic interactions throughout the school day, as well as a unified circulation system for the campus as a whole. Finish materials are simple and spare with a palette of textured concrete, wood, glass and stone used throughout the facility. The donor recognition program features the names of thousands of famous women, selected by the students that are screen-printed onto the myriad of glass guards delineating the circulation routes throughout the central atrium crossroads. Built to the equivalent of LEED Gold standard, the project follows best practices in sustainable design through storm water management, energy optimization, passive solar control and day-lighting, resource-efficient building materials, and enhanced indoor air quality and occupant comfort through the stack effect of the central atrium.

33


34


CONTEXT PLAN

2

5

1 6

3

7

4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

natural ventilation natural daylight solar shading ‘rain garden’ biofiltration chilled beams heating and cooling stack effect indigenous planting

YORK HOUSE SENIOR SCHOOL

35


36


cross section

longitudinal section

位于不列颠哥伦比亚的约克女子中学通过高耸的玻璃门,循环的交叉路与连接南、北、东翼的中庭空间为 York House 的校园提供了具有冲击力的形象和新的入口意向。加建部分包括 36000 平方英尺的教室、行政和服务 空间;以及八至十二年级学生的社交空间与休闲空间。创新、先进与合作的学习和教学空间是学生和教师非正式 的互动区域,灵活且具有较强的适应性, 主要的西向入口立面的组成与层次结构退至三层,以此创建一个延伸阳台,减少明显尺度,并在水平向度上 和相邻的南北两翼相呼应。东西立面上生动的木质垂直遮阳不仅提供了这样,还在街道尺度与校园尺度上强调了 建筑之引人注目的存在。 初中部学生从具有特征性天光中庭与平台的社交与非正式的研究空间,通过交叉路去往现有学校的其他部分。 中央的中庭空间通过一个巨大而敞亮的广场,连接着高中部现有的南北两翼,既使整个学校呈现出一种动态交互 之态势,又使整个校园呈现出一种整体的循环态势。完成材料十分简单,并以纹理混凝土面板、木材、玻璃和石 材为备用适用于整幢建筑。捐赠者识别项目以由学生选出的成千上万著名女性之姓名为特征,将其印刷在位于中 央中庭的循环交叉口的玻璃丝网导视之上 项目遵循最佳可持续性建筑设计策略,通过雨水管理、能源优化、被动式太阳能控制、自然光照、高能效建 筑材料,和具有拔风效应的中庭以提高室内空气质量与室内热舒适程度等手段,达到 LEED 黄金标准之要求。

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main level

level 2

level 3

section perspective

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Sustainable & Green Award: LEED Platinum 绿色节能认证:美国绿色建筑认证 LEED 铂金认证

卡门·马丁·盖特教学楼

Carmen Martín Gaite Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Efficient building orientation and structure design 高效的建筑朝向设计和结构设计

2. Large use of natural daylighting, natural ventilation 大量使用自然照明和自然通风

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Architect estudio Beldarrain

Project Manager/Works Supervisor Juan Beldarrain

Contractor Acciona Infraestructuras

Area 21,153 m2

Developer Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (Charles III University of Madrid) PhotographeR Francisco Berreteaga


The building “Carmen Martín Gaite” is the first one of the Getafe Campus extension of the Madrid Carlos III University. Our arrangement, winner of the urban planning contest, lays the buildings on both sides of a linear park that organizes the pedestrian traffic of the campus. This first building settles the front of Madrid Street, connecting itself by means of a walkway to the building already standing on the plot and making it possible to cross the building in its central part through a big foyer that connects the new park with the rest of the campus. Two storeys are organized on each side of this foyer, the Humanities library on one side and the lecture rooms on the side that is closer to the pre-existing lecture hall building. Over these, the departmental zone is organized on one storey. The building design is sustained on our engagement with innovation and sustainability, as well as on our conviction that these two go hand in hand.

On the one hand, as opposed to an educational architecture that is traditionally rigid, systematic and repetitive, we take sides for a flexible, diverse and humanized architecture. An architecture tending less to be a reflection of the institution’s authority and more attentive to provide services to teachers and students, creating spaces for diverse encounters where a great number of new models of learning and research can be accommodated. On the other hand, the whole building responds to the growing commitment of all the parties towards the environmental sustainability. During the project and construction phases, countless sustainability measures have been incorporated, with the result that a degree of excellence has been achieved that had not been reached in Spain until now by an educational centre. It will be the first one of its kind to obtain a LEED Certificate and it will be in the highest grade: LEED Platinum.

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该教学楼是马德里卡洛斯三世大学新建的赫塔菲校园 的第一座教学楼。赢得这次城市规划竞赛的设计团队,将 该建筑布置在带状公园两侧,以组织校园步行路线。作为 首座面向马德里大街的教学楼,建筑与大街直接以一条现 存的小路相连接,同时中间部分设置开敞处以连接公园与 校园空间。在开敞处两侧的空间各成体系进行组织。一侧 设置人文图书馆,另一侧则设置报告厅,与现有的报告厅 相临近。办公区则设置与大楼一层部分。 建筑设计强调创新性与可持续性,且二者并驾齐驱。 一方面,我们反对传统教育建筑呆板、形式化与重复 性的造型,而是希望创设出一座灵活多样、人性化的建筑, 一座弱化机构权威性,而更多的关注与服务师生的建筑, 能够为不同的学习与研究模式提供空间上的可能性。 另一方面,建筑能够满足委托人对于环境可持续性的 要求。在设计与建造的过程中使用了大量的可持续性措施。 因此达到了西班牙从未获得过的绿色建筑评价等级,这也 是教育建筑中首个通过 LEED 最高级评价——LEED 铂金级 认证——的建筑。

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east elevation

49


50


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interior elevation lecture rooms

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interior elevation lecture rooms


ground floor

first floor

second floor

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达特茅斯学院黑人视觉艺术中心

Black Family Visual Arts Center at Dartmouth College Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Use of sustainable materials 使用可持续节能材料

2. Use of highly efficient rain screen and cavity walls, argon-filled and triple-glazed windows, zoned mechanical systems, air-conditioning systems, lighting systems 使用高效节能的雨幕和空心墙、三层氩气窗户、区域式机械系统、空调系统和照明系统

Architect Machado and Silvetti Associates

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Location Hanover, New Hampshire, USA

Area

9,750 m2

Photographer Anton Grassl, ESTO


Site Description: Located along the Southern edge of the College’s campus, the site marks a primary entry point for visitors arriving via Lebanon Street. Existing parking lots, buildings and adjacent physical plant infrastructure obstructed pedestrian pathways and screened views of the Hood Museum of Art. A granite ledge and a four-foot drop in topography across the site impacted design development and required innovative foundation design. Sustainability and accessibility were key client goals from the very start of the targeted LEED Gold project. Concept design workshops evaluated best practice building envelope strategies. Peer review and testing during design and construction and building envelope commissioning confirmed detail execution. Exterior rain screen and cavity walls are designed with fully adhered membrane and high density SPF insulation to achieve continuity in air, vapor, water and thermal barriers. Argon-filled, triple-glazed windows include Solarban 70XL coatings on low iron glass, warm edge spacers and integrated flanges to eliminate perimeter air leakage. Zoned mechanical systems minimize energy losses while maximizing interior air quality. Negatively pressured process exhaust spaces, which require 100% fresh air exchange, use high efficiency enthalpy wheels to minimize energy losses. Occupancy driven spaces use CO2 monitoring to dynamically adjust fresh air requirements. Displacement ventilation in the Loew Auditorium, radiant floors at perimeter lobbies and lounges, active chilled beams in seminar rooms and valance heaters at perimeter offices provide the highest efficiency conditioning at each unique condition. High performance lighting design incorporates daylight

harvesting at upper level art studios, low energy fixtures and occupancy sensor controls. Rainwater recovery tanks reduce storm water loads on municipal infrastructure and provide irrigation for the Maffei Arts Plaza lawn and plantings. Materials Used – Innovative Building Components: Black lace rust phyllite stone panel rain screen cladding compliments the existing campus material palette. Custom monolithic precast concrete panels are used as interior and exterior cladding of the Loew Auditorium. Triple-glazed structural glass lanterns with custom printed frits accent entries in the facades and provide unique meeting spaces within the building. Open slat wood ceilings with complex curvature in the Nearburg Arts Forum conceal acoustical attenuation and smoke control fans that serve the three story open atrium. Backlit CNC punched aluminum screens activate public frontage at the corner of Shared Exhibition Gallery. A four foot tall landscape wall of split faced Vermont slate sculpings meanders through the site and building to register the topography and blur boundaries between the Maffei Arts Plaza, interior Nearburg Arts Forum and Lebanon Street sidewalk. The Maffei Arts Plaza is terraced with a paved upper sculpture courtyard (which acts as a front terrace for the Hood Museum of Art and stage for outdoor performances), a grass lawn for formal events and recreation, and a lower pedestrian zone along Lebanon Street. Granite curbs and bollards as well as benches carved into the slate sculping wall provide casual seating throughout this new urban space.

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0 5

56

25

50

N


EAST/WEST SECTION

12

5

4

1

1. West Campus Entry 2. Exhibit Gallery 3. Animation Studios 4. Shared Pin Up Space 5. Artist in Risidence Studio Beyond 6. Lower Level Elevator Vestibule 7. Screening Vestibule 8. Machine Room 9. Outdoor Sculpture Terrace 10. Architecture Studio 11. Architecture Fabrication Lab 12. Drawing Studio

3

11

10

8

2

9 9

6

7

NORTH/SOUTH SECTION

1

3

15

8

2

4

9

10

16

17

7 11 5

1. Campus Conference Room 2. South Lantern Corridor 3. Faculty Lounge 4. South Lantern Corridor 5. Entry Vestibule 6. Lebanon Street Entry Lobby 7. Art Forum 8. Painting Crit. 9. Digital Teaching 10. Film and Media Seminar 11. Digital Lab 12. Screening Vestibule 13. Projector Room 14. Screening Room 15. Drawing Studio 16. Alt. Process Studios 17. Acid Room 18. Welding Studio

18

6

12

13

14

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基地概况:建筑位于学院南部边缘,成为了从黎巴嫩街至此的来访者 明显的入口标志物。现有的停车场 建筑以及周边的厂房设施会阻断人行道路以及与 Hood 艺术博物馆之间 的视觉联系。场地内为花岗岩层,包含 4 英尺高差,这会对建筑设计与基 础设计产生一定影响。 可持续性与便捷的可达性是这座 LEED 金级认证建筑的业主的主要关注 点。概念设计团队力图探索最优的围护结构设计策略。在设计与建造过程 中进行同业互评与模拟运行,以保证建筑细节的运行。外层的防雨层与空 心墙全部设有高密度的防晒绝缘层,保证对空气、水蒸气、雨水与热量的 阻隔。建筑使用三层氩气窗,包括 Solarban 70XL 低铁玻璃、高保温效果 的窗框以防止漏气。分区式的机械系统能够保证最小的耗能与最优的室内 空气质量。建筑负压设计,需要 100% 的新风系统,因此使用高效焓轮以 降低能耗。常用空间设置二氧化碳检测设备动态调节空气需求。建筑在不 同空间中使用不同的高效空调设备,Loew 礼堂使用置换通风,周边休息厅 使用地热系统,会议室设置主动式冷梁,四周的办公室则采用挂式加热器。

上层的画室部分设有低能装置与使用量传感设备,将高效照明与自然光协 同利用。雨水收集池能够在暴雨期缓解市政管网的压力,并且再利用进行 Maffei 艺术广场草坪与植物的灌溉。 材料使用——创新式建筑构件:建筑防雨层使用黑边的锈蚀千枚岩板, 很好地与现有校园建筑相融。Loew 礼堂的内外则均使用传统一体化预制 混凝土板。入口处的三层结构性玻璃印有传统花纹,营造出独特的效果。 Nearburg 艺术厅设有曲率复杂的开敞式木质天花,暗藏吸声材料与服务于 三层空间的排烟扇。共享画廊角部的数控屏幕成为了公共空间的活跃元。 面对 Vermont slate sculpings meanders 设有 4 英尺高的景观墙,反映 了地形的同时模糊了 Maffei 艺术广场、Nearburg 艺术厅与黎巴嫩大街之 间的界限。Maffei 艺术广场成阶梯制设计,上层为硬质铺地(作为 Hood 艺术博物馆的入口广场以及室外舞台),各种活动使用的草坪以及沿黎巴 嫩大街的人行步道区。花岗岩的路沿、灯柱与座椅都被雕刻成景墙,使人 们在校园内可以随时休憩。

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01

02

03

LOWER LEVEL PLAN

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Lower Level Plan

Ground Level Plan

01. Main Mechanical 02. Main Electrical 03. Screening Room

1. 2. 3. 4.

Digital Lab Film and Media Studios Sculpture Outdoor Sculpture


01

02

03

Lower Level Plan

Ground Level Plan

01. Main Mechanical 02. Main Electrical 03. Screening Room

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Digital Lab Film and Media Studios Sculpture Outdoor Sculpture Loading dock Lebanon Street Entry Shared Exhibition Gallery Auditorium West Campus Entry

5

2

4

3

1

9

8

7 3 6

ground floor PLAN

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Sustainable & Green Award: LEED Gold Certified 绿色节能认证:美国绿色建筑认证 LEED 金奖

纽约大学学术与精神研究中心

New York University Global Center for Academic and Spiritual Life

Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Highly-efficient rain screen to improve the overall moisture control, heat gain, and thermal performance of the building 高效节能的雨雾用于提高整体的湿度控制、吸热和建筑的热性能

2. Water and storm water reuse and roof garden system 充分利用自然光、高效遮阳系统和节能材料

Architect Machado and Silvetti Associates (MSA)

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Location New York, USA

Area 8,825.79 m2

Photographer Anton Grassl, ESTO


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Site plan showing the building on Washington Square Park in Manhattan

This project is a Multi-Faith Spiritual Center and Academic Building located in New York, New York. The building location is an exceptionally prominent site in Manhattan, on the south side of Washington Square Park and directly on axis with the termination of Fifth Avenue. The project’s core mission was to bring together students and scholars from a variety of religious and academic backgrounds into one multi-faith and multifunction building in the heart of the campus. This ambitious project provides multi-denominational sacred spaces, including meeting rooms, meditation rooms, ablution rooms, liturgical storage and clergy offices, shared by over 60 faith-based campus groups. In addition to this core mission, the building also provides classrooms, a 250 seat lecture hall, music practice facilities for single musicians and the full university symphony, a 5,000 SF multi-purpose hall, and the Colloquium Room – a remarkable facility for globally telecast events, colloquia, and event space for University leadership. Besides all of this, the building’s ground floor is the Catholic Center which had occupied the site since 1964 in the form of a two-story brutalist building. With such an eclectic mix of programs the primary design challenges were the planning for efficient and flexible use of limited space and the resolution of the constituent’s identities into a shared and iconic building image. Because it is intended to provide a home for the dozens of

64

under-served religious organizations on the campus, the design needed to strongly express the spiritual mission of the building without relying on any singular religious iconography. We discovered that the ‘tree of life’ is a reappearing motif that resonates with nearly all religions and faiths. The image of the tree, with all of its positive connotations (growth, expansive, spreading out of a common root, natural, provider of shelter, food, beauty, etc.) together with the strong western architectural tradition of using ornamental motives based on natural forms, were two additional conceptual roots for the ‘ Tree of Life.’ The façade is a continuous foliage of diverse densities; an abstraction of a growing tree produced through the arrangement of 12 uniquely designed laminated and perforated quartzite stone panels. This is the first application of this type of laminated stone technology in the United States. Sustainable Elements: The stone layer, 35% of it perforated and the remainder solid, standing 4” off of the surface of building envelope, is a rain screen. This technology improves the overall moisture control, heat gain, and thermal performance of the building, and contributed to its LEED Gold rating. Other noteworthy sustainable strategies include an exemplary performance in water use reduction, a managed storm runoff retention system, an efficient use of NYU campus cogeneration plant, and a very colorful garden roof system.


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此项目是第一个位于纽约的学术与精神研究中心。此建筑坐落于 曼哈顿的一个尤其重要的位置——华盛顿广场的南边与第五大道轴线 的终点处。 本项目的核心宗旨为将来自不同宗教信仰和不同学术背景的学生 聚集在一个位于校园中心的多信仰和多功能的建筑中。这个宏大的项 目为超过 60 个校园宗教团体提供多教派的神圣空间,包括会议室、 冥想室、洗礼室、仪式库、牧师办公室。除此之外,此建筑还设有教 室、一个 250 座的报告厅、独立音乐和校园交响乐的音乐设施、一个 5000SF 的多功能厅和特殊报告厅——一个可以为学校领导层进行全球 电视广播、座谈的活动空间。此外,建筑的首层是天主教中心,它自 1964 年就以一栋两层的野兽派建筑形式居于此地。在这么一个折衷混 合的项目中最大的挑战就是怎么高效率和可调节的将空间限制与使用 者身份有效融合,形成共享而具有标志性的建筑。 由于此项目计划给校园内尚未提供相关服务的的宗教组织提供一 个家,所以设计需要强烈表达出建筑的宗教使命而不是依赖于任何的 宗教图示。我们发现“生命之树”是一个几乎在所有宗教和信仰中多 次出现的图像。“生命之树”和它正面的映射(生长、价值、从普通 根系的蔓延、自然、避难所、食物、美等等)以及那些从自然形式中 提取用于装饰作用的古典西方建筑是两个另外的“生命之树”的概念 性的根基而建筑的外观是不同密度的连续树叶。一个抽象生长的树通 过布置 12 个独立的设计薄板和穿孔石英板生长。这是薄石板技术在美 国的首次运用。 可持续措施: 石材层形成这与屏风,35% 的面积进行穿孔,剩余部分为实体, 设置于距建筑表面 4 英寸处。此技术提高建筑总体的湿度控制、热能 获取、热功性能并且帮助其获得美国绿色建筑认证 LEED 金奖。另一个 值得一提的可持续策略是建筑在水资源节约上的杰出表现——设置可 控制的暴雨流径记忆系统,高效利用的纽约大学废热发电厂并设计了 一个多彩的屋顶花园系统。 66


Longitudinal Section

Cross Section 1

Cross Section 2

67


Ground Floor Plan

Second Floor Plan

68


Garden Roof Plan

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Fifth Floor Plan

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卡罗林斯卡医学院礼堂

Aula Medica Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Energy-efficient building shape and orientation design 节能的建筑造型和朝向设计

2. Highly efficient building facade with a variation of different panes 带有不同窗格的高效节能建筑表皮

Architect Wingårdhs through Gert Wingårdh and Jonas Edblad

Client Akademiska Hus AB for Karolinska Institute

Location Solna, Sweden

Area 13,700 m2 (Gross Area)

Photographer Patrik Lindell, Tord-Rikard Söderström, Ola Fogelström

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Site Plan


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Axonometric perspective and detail showing the wooden trusses that carries the glass facade

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NOT TRANSPARENT PANEL ESG 6MM VACUPANEL 45 MM STEEL SHEET 2 MM, RAL 9016

+15

99

GLULAM TRANSOM = 200 SCREW WITH COVER CAP, GREY

ROCK WOOL BOARDS, TH.30, 40 OR 50 MM E.G. ROCKWOOL F-ROCK ND, DENSITY 192 KG/M3

50

PLAN 4 +36,600 30

40

130

20 50

FIRE RESISTANT SILICON SEALANT-GREY NULLIFIRE M703+PE ROPE, TREMCO ILLBRUCK

STEEL HOLLOW CORE HQ 190x6-15x150-12x300-10

120

STEEL SHEET 2 MM, ZINC WELDED ON STEEL BEAM

NOT TRANSPARENT FOIL STICKED ON THE GLASS, LIGHT COLOR

230

202

200

125

STEEL SHEET 2 MM, ZINC

ALUMINIUM SHEET 2MM, RAL 7022

18 30 PAINTED +10

40

ZINC COATED

GLULAM DIAGONAL=120

-15

80

+36,358 STEEL SHEET 2 MM, ZINC WELDED ON STEEL BEAM

DILATATION

SECTION X

900

40

GLULAM MULLION = 200

SLIDING GLULAM ANCHORING SYSTEM WELDED ON STEEL BEAM FENESTRA DELIVERY

COVER PLATE MOUNTED ON GLULAM

600

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ALUMINIUM SHEET 2MM, RAL 9016 GLEUD MT011 TREMCO ILLBRUCK

STEEL STRUCTURE FOR DILATATION STEEL SHEETS 2 AND 3 MM, ZINC COATED

SOFT ROCK WOOL-MULTIROCK 40 MM

MODUL +36,600

GYPSBOARD STRUCTURE GYPSBOARD 2x12,5 MM PROFILE CW 75 ROCK WOOL - MULTIROCK 80 MM GYPSBOARD 2x12,5 MM

-15

ALUMINIUM SHEET 2 MM, RAL 7022

RAL 9016 FIRE RESISTANT INTUMESCENT ACRYLIC SEALANT NULLIFIRE M701, TREMCO ILLBRUCK ROCK WOOL TH.20MM

TOLERANCE

ROCK WOOL BOARDS, TH.30 MM E.G. ROCKWOOL F-ROCK ND, DENSITY 192 KG/M3

ANCHOR G119

200

SECTION X NEAR THE COLUMN

140

310

140

175

ANCHOR G118

200

SECTION X

V125

FIRE REQUIREMENT EI 60 SMOKE PROTECTION YES SOUND REDUCTION 45dB

Detail of vertical facade and floor

The new location for the building is congenial with its position in the academic society as well as in the emerging cityscape. The building protrudes over the intersection between Solnavägen, a thoroughfare that is about to be transformed into an urban street, and the pedestrian axis that will connect the university with the extensive hospital currently under construction next by. The proximity to its large complex called for an expressive form, and discussions with the antiquary authorities created a clarifying distinction to a listed building nearby. These geometries – the street 5,5 meter below the crossing pedestrian axis and the V-shaped auditorium – denominated the plan. The urban pattern called for a building that treated the street with the same respect as the main entrance toward the walkway. If Solnavägen shall be a street with a human presence in the future, entrances close to the pavement are of crucial importance. If the relation to the city is guided by a wish to adapt to an urban pattern, the plan of the building is generated by the auditorium. For a large aula of today, where lectures with images and performances on the stage demand good sightlines and acoustics to each and every seat, the V-shaped seating have proved to be the most efficient.

Daylight, efficiency and energy consumption (the aula has reached the “silver” level of sustainability) have been some of the key criteria when planning the aula, but the most visual statement will always be the inclined façade. The twisted elevation is made entirely of flat glass panes; a geometry made possible by the triangular pattern that encloses the entire building. A variation of different panes handles the demands for insulation, transparency as well as shade without compromising the uniform character. In the interior, the wooden framework is as striking as the geometry. An ambition to provide a “Nordic” atmosphere to the setting, have called for an extensive use of fir in structures as well as surfaces. The 1000-seat auditorium dominates the building that also hosts facilities for administration and a faculty club. These are located on top of the hall, which was made possible thru large trusses. The entire structure stands on three legs, located together with stairs and elevators in each corner. The retracted supports have enabled uninterrupted spaces indoor as well as continuity in the outer form. Variation will arise from shifts in light, as architecture always has.

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DETAIL IS SUITABLE FOR DILATATION -60 +10 MM

BEFORE DEFLECTION ALUMINIUM SHEET 2 MM, RAL 7022

+15

TOLERANCE

-15

SOFT ROCK WOOL -MULTIROCK 40 MM

FIRE RESISTANT SILICON SEALANT -GREY NULLIFIRE M703+PE ROPE, TREMCO ILLBRUCK ROCK WOOL TH.20 MM

LAM

GLU

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ALUMINIUM SHEET 2 MM, RAL 9016 GLUED ON GYPSBOARD

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Detail of leaning facade and floor

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FIRE RESISTANT INTUMESCENT ACRYLIC SEALANT NULLIFIRE M701, TREMCO ILLBRUCK

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Second Floor Plan

Fourth Floor Plan

建筑的新场地与其在这个学习型社会中和新兴城市景观中的地位非常 相符。建筑矗立在 Solnavägen 街和步行道轴线的交叉口,前者是一条即 将被改造成城市街道的大道,后者将学院与附近正在建造的大型医院连接 起来。由于礼堂接近大型综合建筑,因此需要有极具表现力的建筑形式。 经过和建筑遗产管理部门商讨,最终在一座保护建筑附近建造了这座特点 鲜明的建筑。 建筑的体量——街道标高低于人行轴线 5.5m,且礼堂采用 V 字形—— 决定了建筑的平面。建筑主入口正对设置步行走道,已按照城市形态的要 求显示出对于街道的尊重。如果 Solnavägen 街未来人流量增大,那入口 处的步行走道就显得至关重要了。 如果建筑与城市关系的指导思想是适应城市格局,那么建筑的平面布 局就要由礼堂决定。在当今的礼堂建筑中,台上的演讲常兼具图片背景与 现场表演,这要求每一个座位都有良好的视线保证和声音效果,对此,V 形已被证明是最有效的座位布置方式。

Third Floor Plan

Fifth Floor Plan

日光、能效和能耗(礼堂已达到可持续性认证“银”级水平)是对礼堂 进行规划设计时的几个重要标准,但最直观的表现方式永远是倾斜的立面。 扭转的立面全部由平板玻璃组成,因包裹整座建筑的玻璃都是三角形 的,从而形成了最终的立面效果。不同的玻璃板满足了保温、透明以及遮 阳的需求,而不失整体感。在建筑内部,木框架与建筑的几何形状一样夺 人眼球。建筑师的想法是创造一个有“北欧”气息的环境,因此需要在建 筑结构和表面上大量使用杉木。 1000 座的礼堂是整座建筑的主要空间,此外建筑中还容纳了行政管理 设施和教职员工俱乐部。它们都位于大厅上方,大型桁架的使用使这样的 设计得以实现。整个结构支撑在三条支撑腿上,这三条支撑腿与楼梯和电 梯一起分别设置在三个建筑角部。内缩的支撑结构创造了不间断的室内空 间和连续的外部形态。光线的变化会引起外观的变化,就好像建筑在一直 变化一样。

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Sustainable & Green Award: LEED Gold Certified 绿色节能认证:美国绿色建筑认证金奖

约翰·巴里将军小学

Commodore John Barry Elementary School Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Energy efficient daylighting and lighting control system 高效节能的自然光和照明控制系统

2. Energy-saving grey water system 节能的中水系统

Architect ROSS BARNEY ARCHITECTS

Associate Architect The Sheward Partnership

Area 9,476 m2

Photographer Matt Wargo

图小

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The new Commodore John Barry Elementary School in West Philadelphia received a LEED Gold Certification in February 2009. Originally, the Design Team was charged with designing a LEED Silver building but with careful planning, the new building achieved a higher LEED Certification without additional cost to The School District of Philadelphia. The school was designed and constructed using the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system for new construction v2.2. EED stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design and is a review process created by the U.S. Green Building Council to rate six major areas: sustainable sites; water efficiency; energy and atmosphere; materials and resources; indoor environmental quality; and innovation and design process. The features listed below make the new Commodore John Barry Elementary School an example of sustainable and green architecture. Sustainable Sites •Urban site located within ¼ mile of public bus lines. •Urban site located with ½ mile of 20 community services. •Redevelopment of a Brownfield site. •Reflective roof to control to mitigate the heat island effect. •Landscaped to mitigate the heat island effect. •Racks, showers and changing rooms to encourage bicycling. •Porous pavements to ease storm water impact on the environment.

•Exterior light fixtures with full cut-off optics to mitigate light pollution. Water Efficiency •Landscaped with native or adapted vegetation. •No permanent irrigation system. •Rainwater collected and used to flush water closets and urinals. •40% reduction of water use over baseline •Low-consumption urinals. •Low flow lavatories. Energy and Atmosphere •Energy efficient design saving 28% over baseline •High performance exterior glass, walls, and roof. •High efficiency mechanical equipment. •T5 energy efficient fluorescent lighting •Skylights for natural daylight. •Occupancy sensors for control of artificial lighting. Indoor Environmental Quality •Low emitting materials. •95% of the occupied spaces are fully daylit. •90% of the occupied spaces have views to the outdoors. •Enhanced control of lighting. •Enhanced control of heating and air conditioning. Materials and Resources •Space provided for the storage and sorting of recyclables. •Over 75% of construction waste diverted from landfills. •Over 20% of the materials from recycled materials.

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新建于费城的约翰 • 巴里将军小学于 2009 年 2 月通过了 LEED 金 级认证。期初项目只要求设计师达到 LEED 银级认证,但经过精心的规 划设计,项目在未增加预算的情况下达到了更高的认证级别。 学校按照美国绿色建筑委员会绿色能源与环境设计先锋奖的评估 体系设计建造,成为能源与环境设计先锋奖的代表性项目,通过了绿 色建筑委员会六个方面的评估:选址的可持续性、节水率、能源与大气、 材料与资源、室内环境质量、创新性与设计流程。 约翰·巴里将军小学之所以能够成为绿色建筑的代表性案例,可 以参见下述特点:

·与普通标准相比减少 40% 的用水量 ·安装低耗水量小便器 ·安装低流量洗手池 能源与大气 ·高能效的设计使能源消耗量比常规标准节约 28% ·高性能的外墙玻璃、墙体与屋顶 ·高效能的机械设备 ·T5 高效荧光灯

基地的可持续性

·自然光采光

·选址距离公交线路 ¼ 英里

·灯控感应系统控制人工照明

·英里范围内含有 20 处社区服务设施

室内环境质量

·是对棕色地块的再开发

·低挥发性材料

·使用反射式的屋顶以控制和缓解热岛效应

·95% 的空间能够自然采光

·利用景观缓解热岛效应

·90% 的空间享有室外景观

·设置物品架、淋浴间与更衣室以鼓励自行车的使用

·增强采光控制

·使用透水铺地减少暴雨对于环境的影响

·增强采暖与空调系统控制

·室外照明采用全封闭光学理念,减少光污染

材料与资源

节水率

·为可回收材料提供储存与分类空间

·景观设计使用当地或适宜的植被

·75% 的建筑废料免于直接填埋

·无永久性的灌溉系统

·20% 的建筑材料原则循环利用的材料

·雨水收集用于马桶冲水

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Sustainable & Green Award: LEED Gold Certified 绿色节能认证:美国绿色建筑认证 LEED 金奖

新墨西哥高地大学学生会大楼

Student Union Building, New Mexico Highlands University

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Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Energy-efficient exterior cladding and motorized sun tracking louver systems 节能的外部表皮和机动太阳跟踪百叶窗系统

2. Use of efficient geothermal well system, lighting and electrical systems 使用节能的地热井、照明和电气系统 ARCHITECTS IN JOINT VENTURE Diamond Schmitt Architects / Studio Southwest Architects

Owner New Mexico Highlands University

General Contractor Franken Construction

Structural Engineer Chavez-Grieves Consulting Engineers

Electrical Engineer Lopez Engineering, Inc.

LEED Consultant Halcom Consulting LLC

Mechanical Engineer and Plumbing ArSed Engineering Group, LLC

Photographer Robert Reck photography

Civil Engineer Walker Engineering

Location Las Vegas, New Mexico, USA

FACADE Schüco

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AUTOMATIC MOTORIZED SUN-SHADING SYSTEM Active sunlight control strategy

OPERABLE WINDOWS Natural ventilation

CANOPY ABOVE BUILDING ENTRANCE Passive sunlight control strategy

ROOF PROJECTION Passive sunlight control strategy

SKYLIGHT - OPERABLE WINDOWS Stack effect ventilation

GREEN ROOF Reduced heat-island effect + rainwater control

GEOTHERMAL FIELD Heating/cooling system

GLAZING Natural light GOVERNANCE ROOM

ATRIUM/LOBBY

ATRIUM/LOBBY

Sustainable Strategies

The Student Union Building at New Mexico Highlands University in Las Vegas, New Mexico is a highly efficient and sustainable facility responsive to the American Southwest climate and has achieved LEED Gold certification. This three-storey, 65,000-square-foot campus gateway building presents a series of interconnected and transparent volumes that are legible and inviting from the street. The building organizes a mix of one and two-storey program spaces around a threestorey light-filled atrium. Student lounge spaces on all three floors animate the atrium while this central space acts as a circulation hub connecting the program elements. The dramatic exterior cladding features black iornspot brick, weathered steel panels and a glazed aluminum curtain wall. To provide visibility and at the same time contain solar gain from the American Southwest climate, one of the first motorized sun tracking louver systems in North America was employed. The louvers are held two feet off the main façade on three sides of the building. This allows sun shading to the grade levels without compromising transparency and view. The system also drastically reduces mechanical loads.

Additional energy-saving initiatives include a geothermal well system with two chillers that meet 100 percent of the building’s heating and cooling needs. Energy-efficient lighting and electrical systems in combination with the sunshades reduce by 260,000 kilowatt-hours the annual energy use. With publicly accessible amenities at grade, the building connects the campus with the wider community. The ground floor contains a ballroom/conference facility, bookstore, theater, post office, convenience store and cafeteria. The upper floors include lounges, a computer lab, student services offices, a game room, meeting rooms and a dining area. Holding a central position in the composition is a student governance room that floats within the atrium space, bridging both wings of the new building. The third floor is set back under large extending roof planes, reducing the overall scale of the building and provides shade and covered terraces to the third floor occupants. Future green roofs to the north provide rooftop assembly areas and spectacular views to the mountains beyond.

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sun shading system

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NATIONAL STREETSTREET NATIONAL

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SITE PLAN SITE PLAN 10' 10' 20' 40'30' 0'0' 20'30' Project No. : 0915

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坐落于拉斯维加斯新墨西哥的新墨西哥高地大学学生会大楼,是个适应美国西南部气候 的高效率和可持续发展的建筑,并且获得了 LEED 金奖认证。 这座高三层,65,000 平方英尺的校园门户大厦展现出了一系列相互穿插和透明的体量, 这些体量清晰并且吸引着街道。这个建筑将一系列一层和两层空间体系围绕一个三层充满光 线的中庭组织起来。在所有三层楼的学生休息空间使中庭更有活力,这个中央的空间扮演了 一个像连接程序单元一样的交通枢纽角色。引人注目的外墙饰面是黑色金属斑点板砖,耐腐 钢面板和玻璃铝合金幕墙。 为了提供可见性并且同时利用美国西南部气候的太阳辐射,第一个在美国北部的机动太 阳跟踪百叶系统被采用了。建筑的三面百叶都被固定在距离外表面 2 英尺远的地方。这让遮 阳的同时也不影响透明度和视野。这个系统也大大减少了机械荷载。 其他的能源节约措施包括有两个冷水机组的地热井系统,100% 满足建筑的采暖和冷却需 求。遮阳与节能照明及电子系统的结合可以每年节约 260,000 千瓦时的能源。 由于和公共设施服务在同一水平面上,这个建筑将大学和更广泛的社区联系在一起。地 面层包含舞厅、会议设施、书店、剧场、邮局、便利店和餐厅。较高的楼层包括休息室、一 个计算机实验室、学生服务办公室、一间游戏室、会议室和用餐区。中央位置的构成是一个 学生工作室,漂浮在中庭空间,和两侧大楼都有桥梁相连。三楼设置在巨大的延伸的屋顶平 面后面,为了减少建筑物的基底面积,并向三楼住户提供树荫和平台。未来的绿色屋顶向北 面提供屋顶集会区,并且可以看到远处的山川壮观的景色。

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EIGHTH STREET PERFORATED METAL PANEL FENCE

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GROUND FLOOR PLAN 1 Main Entrance 6 Bookstore 2 Main Lobby 0' 7 Post 10' 20' Office 30' 40' ts 3 Courtyard Project No. 8 : 0915 Theatre itects Incorporated 4 Food Service 9 Ballroom / Conference Facility 5 Cafeteria

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Sustainable & Green Award: LEED Gold Certified 绿色节能认证:美国绿色建筑认证 LEED 金奖认证

亚利桑那州立大学地球和空间探索学院

ASU School of Earth and Space Exploration Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Highly efficient project siting, with each elevation designed to respond to solar orientation 高效节能的建筑位置设计,使得建筑的每一个立面都可以获得太阳光

2. Specialty mechanical arrangements, such as an active air quality management system that minimizes air changes until toxins are detected, helped reduce energy loads 专业的机械安排处理,如有效的空气质量管理系统可以检测到毒素使换气次数减低到最小,从而减少能源消耗

Architect Ehrlich Architects

Executive Architect HDR Architecture, Inc

General Contractor SUNDT Construction

Location Tempe, Arizona, USA

Photographer Bill Timmerman

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high efficiency mechanical units use cool exhaust air energy from offices to assist in cooling and heating the labs

L

ample rooftop area for ASU-provided photovoltaic array

M

bat houses at the roof

N

highly-reflective light-colored roof cap sheet reduces heat island effect

O

natural daylight at most circulation spaces including the atrium

P

operable shades on the west facade can completely block out the sun when necessary while still allowing views and light at other times of the day

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bioswales in the parking lot harvest rainwater, filter solids before being released into a strom drain, and provide supplemental water for trees and plants

E

ample bicycle racks

F

generous overhangs provide shade at pedestrian areas

landscape features sustainable plants native to the Sonoran Desert, minimal required watering provided by a “smart” irrigation system

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showers and changing rooms for cyclists (lower level)

Q

H

vertical fins on the north facade help shield late afternoon sun in the summer

reserved parking spaces for carpooling vehicles and lowemitting/fuel-efficient vehicles

R

high-performance glazing

I

stormwater collected and directed to adjacent stormwater detention pond

S

majority of the materials are regionally extracted, processed and manufactured (concrete, brick and glass)

J

green education component in the lobby

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low-flow/low flush plumbing fixtures

permeable pavers in the service drive/fire lane reduce storm water runoff and provide a cooler alternative to asphalt recycled concrete from site demolition will be reused for benches, site walls and rip-rap at the bioswales

Axonometric drawing showing sustainability features of the project


The 297,000 sf, 7-story structure includes a full basement and provides 166 flexible lab modules and office space to house several hundred researchers and staff. At a construction cost of $111M, the LEED Gold structure consists of a block of offices which face north, capturing ambient light and dramatic views, while research laboratories form an L-shape on the south and east side of the site. At ground level, the building’s entrance admits visitors to a two-story public educational outreach gallery and multiple classrooms. With a state-of-the-art 245-seat auditoriumplanetarium, shaded entry and large arcades with exhibition spaces, this important gathering place communicates the facility’s exciting activities to the larger community, inspiring the next generation of researcher. Arizona State University has a long running commitment to sustainability and places high performance expectations upon all new buildings; the ISTB 4 Laboratory Building faced significant challenges in this regard. Its intensive research mission focusing on Space Exploration and Engineering combined with its location in the extreme heat of Tempe, Arizona create a tremendous energy

and resource demand. Numerous strategies were incorporated to minimize these loads, reduce operational costs and achieve the LEED Gold certification. This sustainability mission meant rethinking all aspects of a conventional lab building. Rather than the 12 air-changes per hour typical to a lab building, ISTB 4 incorporates a sophisticated active lab air quality management system that minimizes air changes until toxins are detected. Occupancy sensors were incorporated into the lighting system, office cooling systems, and laboratory fume hoods. The building was carefully sited, each elevation designed according to its solar orientation. Exposed glass was minimized on all but the north elevation. Water efficient landscaping and plumbing fixtures were selected as were low VOC paints and finishes. The project leverages the sustainable infrastructure at ASU and utilizes energy provided by both the campus Cogeneration Plant and an offsite 750 kW Photovoltaic System.

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建筑面积 297,000 平方英尺,共七层,包括一个全地下室, 提供 166 间实验室与办公室来容纳数百名研究员和工作人员。这 座 LEED 金奖建筑花费了 1.11 亿美元建造,北向办公室区视野与 采光良好,同时研究实验室在基地南边和东边形成一个 L 型的布 局。在首层,建筑的入口将人们引到一个两层的兼教育与画廊性 质的多功能教室。独具艺术气息的 245 座礼堂兼天文馆,影下入 口与展廊形成重要的公共活动空间,并可以将活动影响扩大至周 围社区,以激发下一代研究人员的热情。 亚利桑那州立大学每一座建筑都要遵循可持续性原则,希望 其达到最优质的建筑性能;ISTB 四号实验楼在这方面面临重要 挑战。它的研究任务主要集中在空间探索与工程,加之其位于亚 利桑那州滕比谷,有着巨大的能源和资源的需求。因此引入大量 策略降低负荷,减少运行花费并最终实现 LEED 金奖认证。 这个可持续的任务意味着要重新思考一个传统实验室的方方 面面。相对于一个实验室建筑每小时十二次空气交换,ISTB 四 号实验楼采用了一种复杂有效的实验室空气质量管理系统,这套 系统可以在未检测出有毒物质时使空气交换量达到最小。灯光系 统、办公室降温系统和实验室通风橱都运用了传感技术。这座建 筑布局精心,每一个立面的都依据太阳朝向来设计。除了北立面 之外尽可能减少玻璃使用。使用高效能的水景、水泵装置,低挥 发涂料和抛光处理。 这个项目平衡了在亚利桑那州立大学各种可持续性基础设 施,所用能源由利校园废热发电站和一座 750 千瓦校外广电能源 系统提供。

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Level 0 Floor Plan

Level 1 Floor Plan 117


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Level 2 Floor Plan

Level 3 Floor Plan

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Sustainable & Green Award: Green Building Award 2012 绿色节能认证:2012 年建筑环保大奖优异奖

香港知专设计学院

Hong Kong Design Institute Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征

1. Highly efficient and innovative building structure and space design 高效革新的建筑结构和空间设计

2. Taking advantage of daylight, active solar shading and energy-saving materials 充分利用自然光、 高效遮阳系统和节能材料

3.Use of cross ventilation and rainwater reuse systems 使用交叉通风系统和雨水回收利用系统

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Architect CAAU / COLDEFY & ASSOCIES ARCHITECTES URBANISTES

Client Vocational Training Council Hong Kong

Project Leaders Thomas Coldefy + Isabel van Haute

Associate Architect P & T Group Hong-Kong

Structural Engeneers ARUP Hong Kong

MEP Engeneers PBA Hong Kong

Landscape Architect ACLA Hong Kong

Acoustician SHEN, MILSOM & WILKE Hong Kong

Location Hong Kong, China

Photographer Sergio Pirrone

Area 42,000 m²


How can a place on the one hand fulfil an ambition for synergy, aiming to harmonise the channels linked to design and on the other hand express the identity of each specialty? How can it open itself up to the outside world whilst still retaining the exclusivity and intellectual protection required to produce the best design? How can we construct a building for a trend-setting institution, without at the same time linking it to a category? To do so, the institute must offer an “infrastructure” capable of producing design and of connecting it to the outside world. “The white sheet, the starting point of everything…” symbolises the new Hong Kong Design Institute. The raising of the Institute

enabled the base to be transformed into a large public space for interaction and the exchange of ideas, an urban space of which the key role is to encourage meetings and relaxation and to provide a natural green space. Therefore connectivity to the city appears virtually natural. The “pillars of education”, the four towers, are incorporated in the complex : they accommodate the classrooms and support the institute. They join together to merge into the “aerial city” that provides services and quieter places. In this way, the Design Institute includes the operational components between the sky and the ground, a complex that is typical of Hong Kong.

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一个地方是如何能一方面协调与设计相关的各因素,统筹设 计,另一方面又表达出独特的个性呢? 它又是如何将自己对外开放,同时又兼顾专营性和智能保护 来创作最好的设计呢? 我们如何为了成为一个引领潮流的机构而建造建筑,同时又 不将它与某个风格门类所联系? 要做到这一点,学院必须提供一个能够诞生设计并与外界连 同的“基础设施”。 “白纸,一切的起点 ......”象征着新的香 港知专设计学院。设计将学院建筑向上抬升,使底部转化为大型 的互动场地,那里,人们可以交流想法,集会与休闲,为城市空 间提供一片自然的绿意。 因此,建筑与城市的联系自然而然的发生了。四座塔楼设置 于建筑中,寓意”教育的支柱“:容纳了教室和其他机构空间。 他们在空中相会形成提供各种服务和安静场所的“空中之城”。 如此一来,设计学院大楼成为了天与地的连接体,成为了一座具 有香港特色的建筑综合体。

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EAST ELEVATION

NORTH ELEVATION

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Sustainable & Green Award:DEMONSTRATION SITE FOR NEED4B SUSTAINABLE PROGRAM 绿色节能认证:NEED4B 可持续性项目示范项目

沃兹耶因大学英语教育学院

ÖzyeGin University School of English Language Instruction (SELI) Architect ARK

Location Istanbul, Turkey

Area 17,500 m2

Client Özyeğin University

Design Team Roger L. Klein AIA (Project Designer), Bulent Ergin Gungor (Architect of Record), Emre Gursoy (Project Architect), Lennox Brown, Greg Taylor, Baris Basat, , Ergün Kutlutürk, Nuran Erdogan, Sila Siva, Veciye Ozturk

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Photographer Koral Oral


Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Coordination of building orientation and passive shade element for solar gain reduction 建筑朝向与被动式遮阳装置用以减少太阳照射

2. Alternative energy production and use with pv panels, earth tubes, and passive cross ventilation strategy. 使用可替代性能源、太阳能板、接地导管和被动式交叉通风 In the heart of Ozyegin University’s campus, the SELI building is composed as a “hinge” to allow a pivotal shift in the axial organized structures and pedestrian movement within the campus. The building’s internal and external organization reinforces the transition from the high levels of the main educational campus down to the lower levels of the sports and residential campus. The building will be hosting the School of English Language Instructions (SELI). The total building area will be 17,500 m2 with 7 levels of the 150,000 m2 campus project. The building is located south-north direction and connecting the campus valley and the quad level with an internal void situated to the south facade, which is a buffer zone to reduce the heating and cooling capacity. The main spine of the building consists of 73 SELI classes/ 20

students and 17 offices separately at 5 levels. This building is the fifth phase of fast track construction of the academic campus for Ozyegin University (OZU), a new private Turkish university started in 2008. The SELI building is also Demo Site #5 of the NEED4B project. The whole campus is being designed and constructed aiming to become an example of sustainability and energy efficiency. The University aims to provide hands-on education to its students by providing them facilities that teach by example. All campus buildings are candidates for internationally known LEED (Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design) certification, but this new faculty building aims to go a step further in energy efficient issues.

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沃兹耶因大学英语教育学院楼位于沃兹耶因大学的中心地带,成为了校园内建筑的轴向布局与人行道路的重 要“扭转点”。该建筑的内、外部空间组织加强了从高层的教学区向低层运动和宿舍区的过渡。 该楼将作为英语教育学院的学院楼使用。总建筑面积将占据 150000 平方米的校园项目中的 17500 平方米, 共 7 层。该建筑会南北向布置,将连接着校园山谷和南侧带有中庭的四方院,这个即成为了减少冷、热量储存的 缓冲区。建筑的主要部分包含 73 个 SELI 班(每班 20 名学生)和 17 个办公室,分五层设置。 该建筑是沃兹耶因大学学术校园快速建设计划的第五阶段,沃兹耶因大学是一所创立于 2008 年的新兴私立 大学,SELI 学院楼建设也是 NEED4B 项目的试点项目。 整个校园的设计和建造旨在成为一个可持续发展和能源高效利用的范例。 大学旨在通过为学生提供的可以实例教学的设施,用实践来培养学生。所有校园建筑物都申报了国际知名的 LEED(绿色能源与环境设计先锋奖)认证,但这座建筑要在高效节能这一问题上走的更远。

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Sustainable & Green Award: HQE Rating – Low Consumption Building 绿色节能认证:法国绿色建筑认证 HQE 认证——低能耗建筑

露西奥伯哈克学校

Collège Lucie Aubrac Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Efficient building orientation design 高效的建筑朝向设计

2. Green roof for rainwater management and supplementary insulation 绿色屋顶用于雨水管理和隔热

3. Energy efficient dual-flow ventilation system, lighting system, heating and cooling system 节能的双流通风系统、照明系统和供暖冷却系统 Client Conseil Général du Nord

Project Manager Laurence Ployaert

Structural Engineering Bérim, Solener (HEQ)

Landscape Architect Pergame

Interior Designer Anne-Sophie Motte

Location Tourcoing, France

Area 10,382 m2

Photographer Julien Lanoo

Architect CAAU (Coldefy Associates Architects Urban planners)

layout plan 152

0

10

20 m


Collège Lucie Aubrac is the first secondary school in the region to achieve the BBC label (Low Consumption Building). The project is located in the western part of the city of Tourcoing, in a primarily residential neighborhood along with some educational and social amenities. Due to its remarkable location at the edge of the city, along with its tranquil monumentality, the new school adds a new magnitude to the entry to the city. By opening up to two major axes, Industrial Boulevard and the street Fin de la guerre, the new building draws from the best of the natural conditions of the site. The overall organization of the project is fluid and comprehensible, allowing the visitor to orient themselves easily. The four principal poles of the school are defined and organized so that the elements linked to cultural activities are situated along the entry plaza, the teaching spaces form a “Uâ€? around a courtyard, the sport facilities are grouped to create a block of interior and exterior sport programs, and finally the cafeteria is organized along a vegetal axis that crosses from the garden of letters to the educational gardens.

A strong architectural identity is ensured by the use of a simple unifying palette of materials. The brick reflects the local materials but by using a contemporary colour and detailing it rises the building above the surroundings. It forms a ribbon wrapping the entire site which is perforated to give views across the site. The main teaching wing acts as a signal on the main boulevard. Clad in a perforated metal skin with a flash code motif, the building becomes a sign for the urban renewal of the area. Beyond a simple motif the flashcode will allow students and public to connect and interact with the college via the internet. Bringing nature into the heart of the college characterizes the teaching ambitions and the desire to create a relaxing environment conducive to learning. The teaching garden and the planted rooves bring a touch of landscape which also finds reference in the ecological approach to the building. As the first low energy college in the area, the building seeks with its visual identity and ambitious program to define a higher level of quality for the future of this area.

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section

露西奥伯哈克学校是当地第一所得到了 BBC 认证(低能耗建筑)的中学。 项目和周边的其他教育建筑与公共设施一同,位于图尔昆市西部的一处基 础型住宅区中。建筑自身具有安静的特质,同时选址于城市周边具有标志 性的地区,使其成为了城市一处独特的入口。建筑很好地利用了基地的自 然条件,面对工业大道与 Fin de la guerre 大街两条主要轴线。 项目的空间组织具有流动性而非信手拈来,让来访者可以轻松的辨别 方向。首先组织好校园的四个主要定位点,文化活动区沿入口广场布置, 教学区围绕庭院成 U 形布置,体育活动区则成组分布以创设不同的室内外 活动空间。咖啡厅沿一条连接了两个花园的植被轴线设置。 建筑使用简单而统一色调的材料,来保证建筑较强的个性特征。建筑

使用砖来反映当地的材料,但是使用了现代的颜色与细部使其能够从周围 的建筑中脱颖而出。整座建筑好像环绕基地一圈的飘带,从中切挖出孔洞 以保证景观的渗透。教学区域成为了沿工业大道的标志性体量。建筑表皮 采用穿孔金属材料,设计有闪光代码似的图案,使其成为了该地区城市更 新计划的标志性建筑物。而这种代码图案的设计动机十分简单,即希望学 生与公众可以通过网络进行良好的交流与沟通。 将自然带入校园的中心阐释了学校的教育理念,希望能够创造一个能 够促进学习的轻松的空间氛围。教学花园与植被的引入不仅带来了景观更 是校园具有生态性。作为该地区首座低能耗校园建筑,建筑的视觉效果与 设计理念都将成为该地区未来建筑设计的高起点。

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hall section

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detail

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ground floor

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first floor plan

second floor

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CULTURE 文化


Cultural Centre and Library EEMHUIS / EEMHUIS 文化中心与图书馆

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Garenne Colombes Cultural Center / 加伦白鸽城文化中心

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Chelles Multimedia Library / 法国巴黎谢勒多媒体图书馆

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Francis A. Gregory Library / Francis A. Gregory 社区图书馆

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Young at Art Museum Broward County Library / 艺术童梦博物馆和布劳沃德图书馆

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Bracewell Neighborhood Library / 布雷斯维尔社区图书馆

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Glen Oaks Branch Library / 格伦奥克斯分图书馆

sustainable architecture Energy-Efficient & Environmental Friendly – New Tendency of Current Buildings

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Sustainable & Green Award: BREEAM Excellent Rating 绿色节能认证:英国绿色建筑 BREEAM 认证优良级别

EEMHUIS 文化中心与图书馆

Cultural Centre and Library EEMHUIS Photographer scagliolabrakkee, ©Neutelings Riedijk Architecten

Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Highly efficient building orientation and structure design 高效的建筑朝向设计和结构设计

2. Large use of natural daylighting and ventilation, and sustainable materials 大量使用自然光、自然通风和可持续性材料

Architect NEUTELINGS RIEDIJK ARCHITECTS

198

Location Amersfoort, the Netherlands


The Eemhuis combines a number of existing cultural institutes in the city of Amersfoort: the city library, the exposition center, the heritage archives and a school for dance, music and visual arts. It is located on an urban redevelopment area close to the city center. The building is organized as a stacking of the cultural programs. The public domain is continued into the interior of the building in all directions. At the ground floor, the public square becomes a covered plaza, with a grand cafĂŠ and entrances to the various functions. The exposition center is set directly off the square on the ground floor, with a large central exhibition hall that is half sunken in the ground and is surrounded by an enfilade of smaller exhibition rooms. The library is a plaza of stepped information terraces as a prolongation of the city square that brings the

visitors up to the main library floor. On the top of the stairs the library spills into a vast open space with book stacks and reading and study areas overlooking the city. Above it hovers the archive volume that forms the ceiling of this space. The attic of the building houses the arts school. The three arts departments (theatre & dance, visual arts and music) are each expressed separately as cantilevered beams that crown the complex. The façades are composed of a classical tripartite as imposed by the master plan. The plinth is made of 30 cm long elongated glazed bricks, reinforcing the horizontal lining. The crown of the building is made of metal panels with a dotted pattern of semispheres that enhance the alienating quality of the cantilevered volumes against the northern Dutch clouds.

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Eemhuis 是荷兰阿默斯福特的综合性文化建筑,其集市图书馆、会展中心、文物档案中心和舞蹈、音乐及视觉艺 术学校为一身。该建筑坐落在靠近市中心的城市重建区。 Eemhuis 是文化场所的集合之地。城市公共空间从四面八方汇聚在这里。公共广场在地面层被封闭起来,设有一 个大型的咖啡厅和多处通向各功能区的入口。地面层广场的旁边是会展中心,大型中心展厅部分嵌入地下,两边是 纵列的小型展览室。梯田式的图书馆从城市广场延伸而来,将人们引领至位于上层的图书馆主空间。图书馆在楼梯 尽头扩展成一个的巨大开放空间,这里书架林立、从阅读区和学习区能够观赏城市景观。在图书馆上部是档案室, 也是 Eemhuis 的“天花板”。最顶端的阁楼是艺术学校。艺术学校三个相互独立的悬臂式区域(戏剧 & 舞蹈、视觉 艺术和音乐)如同加冕于建筑综合体上的三顶皇冠。 根据总体规划,建筑的整个立面为经典的三段式。第一层的基座由 30cm 的加长型釉面砖筑成,强化了水平的线 条感。“王冠”部分由半球体点缀的金属板制成,半球体的设计能有效减少悬臂体量受到北部风雨的侵蚀。

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SOUTH FACADE

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NORTH FACADE - ENTRANCE / SQUARE

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Sustainable & Green Award: HQE Certified 绿色节能认证:法国绿色建筑认证 HQE 认证

加伦白鸽城文化中心

Garenne Colombes Cultural Center Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Use of geothermal energy, double-flow heat recovery installation, energy-saving LED lighting 使用地热能、双流热回收装置和节能 LED 照明

2. Energy-saving interior concrete components, over-night ventilation, automatic window operation at night 节能的混凝土内部组件,整夜通风和自动化窗户

3. Highly efficient Breezes sun screen-printed glass facade 高效节能的百叶窗玻璃表皮 Architect Richard + Schoeller Architectes

210

Location Garenne-Colombes, France


In the cultural project located in Garenne-Colombes near Paris in the suburb, we continue to produce sustainable architectural and think that the light and measurement are the 2 convergent components to create space. The lines of the sun create a variation, which transforms the concrete, crystallizing it of the solid state towards a luminous halation. Only the apparent neutrality of this material can produce such effects of dematerialization while being illuminated. The facade is made of thin printed glasses, which create shadows and moving light inside. More than like a tree the project looks life a cloud. As a XXI century library, the idea of the new numeric world for knowledge is visible. The contrast between this cloud facade and the white concrete that capture the light create space. Passing from the matter to luminous, the wall is put in scene and

its visible variation modifies the perception of the place inducing of the behaviours, the attitudes, the different feelings according to the seasons and the hours. This feeling of time implies calms and measures. Other dimension, that of the module created by the unevenness’s during the casting of the very liquid and fluid self-compacting concrete. They are the elements of the capelins components of the forms installation. These lines of module of 90 cm by 2,26m appear in the light The shade marks the human scale. Finally to conclude the surface tension from material and its constructive aptitudes return the tension of the skin of surface even more pregnant. This tension creates the movement, therefore space. Movement and displacement of the light is one of the concept to think life in buildings. Environmental is also life. 211


glass shading curve ( 2x 8 mm glass and print serigrapie)

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stainless steel

support fix on Stabalux frame curved printed glass

stabalux wood frame

concrete white slab finish

steel

white concrete finish smooth

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12mm.

12mm.

12mm.

5mm.

stabalux wood frame

5mm. 5mm.

curved printed glass

support fix on Stabalux frame

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stainless cable

steel

steel

white concrete finish smooth

steel

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wood meranti

glass heating cooling floor acoustic panel

stainless cable

concrete slab finish steel white concrete finish smooth

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windows on slab with vegetation ( Sedums)

wood floor

waterproof system and green roof

windows (north light)

在位于巴黎附近的郊区加伦白鸽城的文化项目中,我们继续建造可持续建筑,将光线和尺寸作为塑造空间的两 个重要要素。 阳光的变化带来了效果的变化,将混凝土照射成晶体一般闪闪发亮。只有这种材料的表面的中立性可以产生这 种非物质性的光影效果。 立面是由薄印花玻璃组成,可以在内部产生阴影效果与动人的光线变化。相比于一棵树,该项目看起来更像一 片云。作为一座二十一世纪的图书馆,该建筑想要成为一片知识的数字化世界。整座建筑利用云一般的立面与白 色混凝土作为对比,来塑造空间。 从实体到光亮效果,墙体自身成为场景,其变化引起了包括行为、态度、因季节时间变化带来的不同心理感受。 这种时间触感为置身其中的人们带来静谧与沉思。 另外,液态与固体自密实的混凝土在浇铸的过程中形成凹凸不平的模块。这些模块为 90 厘米宽,2.26 米长, 横向排布。在光线的照耀下形成的光影,使得建筑具有人性尺度。建筑表皮的材料与纹路加强了建筑形态的张力。 材料的表面张力和建造方式使表皮更具有张力。这种张力产生了行为,从而产生了空间。光影的变化成为生活 的一部分。环境亦是生活。 217


white concrete

grey stone

shadin glass

East Facade

white concrete grey stone

West Facade

wood frame and shading glasses

stabalux frame

south facade white concrete

frosted glass

north facade

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ground floor

1st floor

9 1 auditorium 2 hall 3 library hall 4 exhibition 5 garden 6 entrance

4 5

7 studie room 8 void 9 roof garden

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ASC 1000 kg cabine 1,40/2,10 m

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SPORT 体育 Plaza LEVEL 0

N

“SELF-CLEANING” MEMBRANE

PUBLIC ENTRANCE

ERS

XTENSION OF THE ROOF

7 - EXTENSION OF THE ROOF

PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS

8 - MINAS SOLAR


Mineirao Stadium / 米内罗体育场

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Stadium Du Littoral / 滨海体育馆

sustainable architecture Energy-Efficient & Environmental Friendly – New Tendency of Current Buildings

256


Sustainable & Green Award: LEED Platinum Certified 绿色节能认证:美国绿色建筑认证 LEED 铂金级认证

米内罗体育场

Mineirao Stadium Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Large use of solar energy 大量使用太阳能

2. Reuse of rainwater 雨水回收利用

3. Use of efficient lighting system and intelligent control of energy 高效节能的照明系统和智能能源控制

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Architect BCMF Architects -- Bruno Campos, Marcelo Fontes and Silvio Todeschi

Landscape HS Jardinagem (with Rose Guedes) and BCMF Arquitetos (with Carlos Teixeira)

Project Team Patrícia Bueno, Leonardo Paes, Luciana Maciel, Michelle Moura, Mara Coelho, Leonardo Rodrigues, Joana Vieira, Carolina Eboli, Gabriela Jacobina, Henrique Amin, Isabel Garcia, Thiago Bandeira, Camila Belisário, Fani Frkovic, Demetris Venizelos, Daniela Ribeiro, Marta Guedán Vidal, Felix Morczinek, Charlotte Fredriksson and Frederico Almeida

Client Minas Arena/Secopa Location Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Brazil Area 348,900 m2


01 EXISTING SITUATION

01 2009CONFLICTS - CONFLITO DEWHILE FLUXOSENTERING THE STADIUM FLOW

03 - RELATION WITH THE TOPOGRAPHY /

03

TOPOGRAFIA + PROGRAMA

SURROUNDINGS

05 05 -ACESSOS ENTRANCES AND CIRCULATIONS

02 - PROGRAM

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CONCEITO FOH/BHO

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ACESSIBILIDADE GARANTIDA

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2013 - ESPLANADA DE USO PÚBLICO

04 - PUBLIC ACCESS

06 - LANDSCAPE

entrance gates / vertical circulations

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Inaugurated in 1965 (original design by Eduardo Mendes Guimarães Júnior and Gaspar Garreto) as the second largest stadium in the world, the Mineirão Stadium is located in the surroundings of the Pampulha Lagoon, close to Oscar Niemeyer’s and Burle Marx seminal work, being part of Belo Horizonte’s main postcard. As Brazil was chosen to host the World Cup 2014, opportunity came about to transform the traditional stadium, which façade is heritage listed, into a contemporary multifunctional sports facility. The New Mineirão aims to go beyond its primary role as a world-­‐class sports arena, also offering a range of services, commerce, culture and entertainment for the city, becoming a new hub of activities integrated to the modernist landscape of the leisure and touristic Pampulha complex. As for the original architecture of the Stadium, basically only the outer “shell” remained: the 88 structural semi-­‐ porticos, the concrete roof and the upper tiers. The rest of the “core” was completely rebuilt to guarantee the total overhaul inside the arena, including the new extension of the roof, all the new program and infra-­‐ structure, besides the lowering of the pitch and the lower tiers redesign, improving the sight-­‐lines

for the new capacity of 62.160 seats. The renovation on the outside is total, with a new 200.000 m² operational platform separating the spectators´ from the accredited flow. The “Esplanade” includes various facilities around the stadium, opened to the public as an immense landscaped plaza, visually linked to the Pampulha Lagoon. This platform is sculpted and molded to the site as an artificial topography, integrated with the immediate surroundings, being perceived as a continuation of the street domain. Thus, the public is attracted by programs strategically distributed throughout the esplanade, creating areas with potential to generate activities and movement during all day, seven days a week. The project has also sustainable features, using solar energy, reusing rainwater, as well as efficient lighting systems, intelligent control of energy and so on (LEED Certification). After the event, many operational areas which are specific for the 2014 World Cup will have other uses (institutional, commercial and leisure programs), contributing for the economic sustainability of the complex.

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STADIUM SCHEMATIC SECTION

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New Mineir達o

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STADIUM WEST SECTION

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New Mineir達o

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New roof and installation of photovoltaic system diagram N

Plaza LEVEL 0

CONCRETE STRUCTURE HERITAGE LISTED - 1964

“SELF-CLEANING” MEMBRANE

UPPER TIERS UPPER TIER SKYBOXES

LOWER TIER

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SOCCER FIELD

PUBLIC ENTRANCE

1 - EXISTING SITUATION

4 - TIERS

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PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS

LOWERED PITCH 3,4 METERS

2 - PROPOSED INTERVENTION

5 - EXTENSION OF THE ROOF

8 - MINAS SOLAR

EXTENSION OF THE ROOF

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METAL STRUCTURE

UPPER TIERS MAINTAINED individual seats, new gangway and guardrails

LOWER TIERS DEMOLISHED LOWERED PITCH 3,4 METERS

TIERS 3 - TIERS

NEW ROOF AND INSTALLATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM DIAGRAM

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new roof and installation of photovoltaic system diagram 266


米内罗体育场建成于 1965 年(原由 Eduardo Mendes Guimarães Júnior 和 Gaspar Garreto 设计),位于 Pampulha 泻湖附近,紧邻奥斯卡 • 尼迈耶与布雷 • 马克思合作的城市规划区,成为贝洛哈里桑塔市地标性的建筑 之一。随着巴西获得了 2014 年世界杯的主办权,这座已被列为世界遗产的体育馆需要以此为契机进行改造,成为 一座现代的多功能体育场。 新米内罗体育场不仅仅定位于世界级的体育赛事举办地,而希望为城市提供一些列的服务、商业、文化与娱 乐设施,使其成为 Pampulha 综合区的中心活动区,那里设计有现代景观艺术,备受游客青睐。 原有的体育馆只保留了“外壳”:88 根半挂式柱廊,混凝土屋顶与上层看台。其余核心部分均完全重建,包 括屋顶的加建、新功能置入与下部结构重建,并且对下层看台的斜度等重新设计,使 62160 个作为都能有良好的视线。 室外场地的改建也十分彻底,加建了 200000 ㎡的功能性平台对观众进行分流。这片休闲场地上设有多种休闲 设施,作为大型的景观式广场对公众开放,并与 Pampulha 泻湖产生视觉的联系。该平台好似一片人工地形,和周 围环境融为一体,成为街道空间的延伸。这样以来,人们便会被分布在广场上的休闲设施所吸引,在不同的时间 创造潜在活动功能。 项目还应用了许多可持续性策略,使用太阳能、雨水再利用、高效照明系统、自动能源控制系统等等(通过 LEED 认证)。世界杯结束后,一些专门为 2014 年世界杯设置的空间将另作他用(组织性、商业性或休闲性功能), 是这座综合体能够具有经济可持续性。

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Sustainable & Green Award: THPE 2005 绿色节能认证:法国绿色建筑 THPE 认证

滨海体育馆

Stadium Du Littoral Sustainable & Green Features 绿色节能特征 1. Use of durable materials, reinforced insulation, heat pumps and an alternate flow ventilation system 使用耐用材料,强化绝缘材质,蒸汽泵和可选的流通性通风系统

2. Installation of low emission lighting system, photovoltaic panels and rainwater storage system 安装低排放照明系统、太阳能光伏板和雨水贮存系统 Architect OLGGA architectes (Alice Vaillant, Guillaume Grenu, Nicolas Le Meur)

Client City of Grande Synthe - France

Acoustic Abe acoustique

Engineering Hilson Moran

Location Grande Synthe, France

Landscape Architects Robert Myers Associates

Photographer Julien Lanoo

Area 2,433 m2

east elevation 0

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Built on 12 hectares in the Basroch neighborhood, the building is indeed a visible architectural beacon, marking the major vehicular (interstate) entrance into the city. This pared-down building with program-induced volumes stands up against the horizon, this skyline of shadows reveals the omnipresent nature of the landscape. The project was elaborated from a simple parallelogram monolith, responsive to the specific technical requirements established by the client. Our own strategies of sustainability combined with the client’s respect for ecology, culminated in a building that is at the forefront of environmental responsibility. The « Stadium du Littoral » realizes significant energy savings. Built to the stringent THPE 2005 standards (eq. LEED – Leadership in Energy Efficient Design), the stadium is made of durable

materials. Reinforced insulation, two heat pumps and an alternate flow ventilation system avoid heat loss. The interior utilizes low emission lighting. 1,000 m2 of photovoltaic panels built into the roof produce electricity sold back to the grid. This strategy allows for a significant reduction in operating costs. Additionally, 40 m2 of solar panels cover 50% of hot water energy requirements. The system for energy production will soon be completed by the installation of a wind turbine to the north of the site. The Stadium is also equipped with a rainwater storage system. A cistern of 8 m3 capacity provides water for toilets and cleaning. At full build-out, the Stadium Littoral will become a carbon positive leader in the family of public projects that produce more energy than they consume.

south elevation

north elevation

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滨海体育馆建立在方圆 12 公顷的 Basroch 街区内,其建筑着实是一个可见的标识,标志着大型(洲际) 车辆进城之入口。这座功能简化的大体量建筑对抗着水平伫立着,描绘其阴影之轮廓线暗示了无处不在的 自然景观。 项目从一个简单的平行四边形衍生而来,回应了客户提出的具体的技术要求。我们的可持续性策略结 合了客户尊重生态的态度,最终呈现出一个环保最前沿的富有责任感的建筑姿态。 滨海体育馆显著地实现了节能 体育场运用了耐久材料,并严格遵循了 THPE 2005 标准(例如 LEED 节能设计标准等)。强化的绝缘材质, 两个蒸汽泵和可选的流通性通风系统避免热损失。室内采用低碳照明。 1000 平方米建在屋顶光伏电池板将产生的电能回输给电网。该策略可以显著减少运营成本。此外,40 平方米的太阳能电池板可负担热水能源需求的 50%。 在完成基地北侧风力涡轮机的安装后,能源生产系统很快就会全面竣工。 体育场还配备了雨水存储系统。8 立方米容量的水箱将提供厕所用水和清洗用水。 在全面建设完成后,滨海体育馆将在产能多余耗能的公建项目中成为碳利用的积极先导者。

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master plan

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cross section

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longitudinal section

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272


9 10

11 12 1 2 3 4 5

1 - panneaux sandwich remplissage laine de roche 2 - faux plafond acoustique obersound 3 - jouée de faux plafond, stores intégrés 4 - mur rideau aluminium anodisé champagne 5 - poteau acier laqué blanc 6 - mur acoustique obersound 7 - dalles bétons, pose sur plots 8 - dalle club house dalle support 320 mm ravoirage 40 mm plancher chauffant 700 mm chape béton finition quartz 900 mm 9 - couvertine aluminium 10 - relevé étanchéité 11 - habillage panneaux eternit 12 - charpente métallique blanche sous face des bacs acier 13 - toile tendue type stamisol perforée 14 - bracons métalliques 15 - sièges coqués 16 - gradins préfabriqués béton, étanchéité liquide 17 - garde corps acier galvanisé, filet inox croisé 18 - main courante acier galvanisé 19 - lasure sur béton banché

13 6 14 7

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1 - panneaux sandwich remplissage laine de roche 2 - faux plafond acoustique obersound 3 - jouée de faux plafond, stores intégrés 4 - mur rideau aluminium anodisé champagne 5 - poteau acier laqué blanc 6 - mur acoustique obersound 7 - dalles bétons, pose sur plots 8 - dalle club house dalle support 320 mm ravoirage 40 mm plancher chauffant 700 mm chape béton finition quartz 900 mm 9 - couvertine aluminium 10 - relevé étanchéité 11 - habillage panneaux eternit 12 - charpente métallique blanche sous face des bacs acier 13 - toile tendue type stamisol perforée 14 - bracons métalliques 15 - sièges coqués 16 - gradins préfabriqués béton, étanchéité liquide 17 - garde corps acier galvanisé, filet inox croisé 18 - main courante acier galvanisé 19 - lasure sur béton banché

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ground floor plan 275


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

鸣谢

Index

We would like to thank everyone involved in the production of this book, especially all the artists, designers, architects and photographers, for their kind permission to publish their works. We are also very grateful to many other people whose names do not appear on the credits but who have provided assistance and support, for their contribution of images, ideas and concepts, as well as their creativity to be shared with readers around the world.

索引

在此,我们非常感谢参与本书编写的所有人员,尤其是各位 艺术家、设计师、建筑师和摄影师,他们授权我们出版他们的作 品。我们亦感谢为本书编写提供支持和帮助的人员,虽然他们的 名字并没有出现在本书中。感谢他们提供图片、思想和理念,并 将他们的创意分享给全世界的读者们。

The people involved in the book are: 参与本书编写的人员有:

Charles Rose Architects Inc

Charles Rose Architects creates architecture that is a balance of design, science, and strategy. Individuals, companies, and institutions have sought the firm's design acumen and strategic advice for projects located across the United States. Whether in rugged coastal settings or dense urban neighborhoods, the firm's designs reflect a keen feel for landscape and the distinct characteristics of a building site. Innovative cultural, institutional, residential, and civic projects --completed over two decades-have garnered acclaim: sixty design excellence awards, including national awards from the American Institute of Architects, and features in Architectural Record, Architectural Digest, The New York Times, and The Architectural Review. Now in his third decade as design principal of the Boston-based practice, Charles Rose is continuing to embrace forward-looking projects that promote sustainable practices and zero net energy design.

Ross Barney Architects The work of Ross Barney Architects has an international reputation in design of institutional and public buildings and has been published in national and international journals, books, newspapers and web media. Ross Barney Architects’ buildings have received significant regional, national and international design awards, honors and recognitions, including four, Institute Honor Awards from the American Institute of Architects, two World Architecture Festival High Commendations and over 30 design awards from AIA Chicago. Ross Barney Architects has been named to the Architect 50 for 3 years in a row based on a ranking of sustainable design achievements, design honors and awards, and business practices. The firm have been awarded the prestigious Presidential Design Award from the National Endowment for the Arts, and our work has received four Richard H. Driehaus Awards for Excellence in Community Design for projects located in low income areas of Chicago.


Machado and Silvetti Associates Machado and Silvetti Associates (MSA) is a full-service design firm that provides architectural, master planning, and urban design services for our clients. Our office has a research-based studio culture and design process that is a natural evolution of principals Jorge Silvetti and Rodolfo Machado’s architectural and urban design teaching at Harvard University. Our international staff of architects and urban designers brings a diversity of talents and unique perspectives, which add depth to our design work. MSA was incorporated in 1985, and the firm’s projects are of diverse size and nature, with special expertise in art museums, educational institutions, and urban design and planning worldwide. The firm has received numerous awards, including: three American Institute of Architects National Honor Awards, the AIA Brick in Architecture Award, ten Progressive Architecture awards and citations, sixteen AIA New England design awards, twenty Boston Society of Architects awards, including the 2003 Harleston Parker Medal, and the International Award for Architecture in Stone. Notably, MSA was the first firm to receive the Award in Architecture from the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Marjan Hessamfar & Joe Vérons Architectes Associés In 2002, Marjan Hessamfar and Joe Vérons graduated from ENSAP Bordeaux, (Bordeaux school of architecture and landscape), South West France. They co-founded their practice in 2004, having worked together since 1998. MH&JV Associates is a Bordeauxbased practice with an office in Paris. The two executive directors lead a team of 13 architects and one business development manager. Commitment to environmental quality is established from the early stages of design in every project so that the architecture as built respects and enhances the landscape in which it is set. With public environmental certification: HQE (High Environmental Quality) and BBC (Low energy consumption buildings), MH&JV Associates is also a member of « Maison Passive » association and AFEX (French Architects Overseas). MH&JV work closely with a multidisciplinary team of consultants, keeping up to date with latest findings in sustainable development and most recent technical advances.

Coldefy & Associates Architects Urban Planners (CAAU)

Marble Fairbanks

Marble Fairbanks is an architecture, design and research office founded in 1990 by Scott Marble and Karen Fairbanks. We are committed to highly innovative design through research and analysis of the core issues surrounding each project. Building on the combined experience of our completed work and ongoing research, we approach every project as unique and search for original solutions. Our continuing connection to academia through teaching and participation in conferences and symposia inspires a creative working environment where theory and practice are informed by each other. Our working process is based on a highly collaborative team approach. Our most recent work has focused on cultural and institutional projects for public and private clients including Princeton University, New York Public Library, Queens Library, Hunter College, Haverford College, Columbia University, The Museum of Modern Art, The New School, and New York University. Our researchbased practice is at the forefront of discussions concerning digital technology, integrated design processes, and education.

AZPML (Alejandro Zaera-Polo and Maider Llaguno Architecture) AZPML (Alejandro Zaera-Polo and Maider Llaguno Architecture) is an international practice, based in London and New York. AZPML was born in 2011 as a legacy practice of FOA. AZPML has a commitment to innovation in architecture and urban design, combining technical innovation with design excellence. AZPML’s current projects in the UK include Birmingham New Street Station and John Lewis Shopping Centre in Birmingham. In Spain, AZPML is involved in a new Hospital in Lleida, a Biotechnology centre in Barcelona, the Gurrutxaga Winery in Lekeitio and the Cerezales Foundation. AZPML is also involved in the development of administrative and canteen buildings for Weifang University, a high rise building in Vienna and the Locarno cinema film festival headquarters in Switzerland.

AZPML

Thomas Coldefy and Isabel Van Haute are the young French-Belgian duo of Coldefy & Associates Architects Urban Planners (CAAU), leading the diverse international team based in Lille, France. They are dynamic and creative, animated by an international tropism that drives them to participate regularly in large international competitions. This has brought them success, including the Hong Kong Design Institute which they won in 2006, and made them establish a HK office. The firm’s international activity extends beyond Asia, to Africa and Georgia, and was awarded the silver prize for the IDA awards 2012. In France, teamed up with Steven Holl, they became one of the five finalists in the international competition for the Louvre II museum and currently develop mixed-use buildings, a low-energy secondary school, amongst others.

Diamond Schmitt Architects Diamond Schmitt Architects is a leading Canadian full-service architectural practice. The firm is recognized for excellence in the design of awardwinning, academic and research buildings, commercial and health care institutions and performing arts centres. Current projects include Sick Children’s Hospital Research Tower and Bridgepoint Hospital in Toronto, the Global Innovation Exchange at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ontario and The Mariinsky Theatre for opera and ballet in St. Petersburg, Russia. The company has received more than 200 regional, national and international awards for design, including six Governor General’s Awards for architecture. It is rated among Canada’s 50 Best Managed Companies. The company upholds a design directive to produce innovative, enduring and sustainable buildings across a wide mix of building types and works around the world.


ARK ARK's projects draw inspiration from the local culture, tradition, climate and landscape. These ideas are expressed through a contemporary language of architecture that incorporates both advanced technologies and materials. Before forming ARK, Founder and Design Principal Roger Klein spent the last 20 years as a design leader at large architectural offices in New York City. His global expertise is wide ranging including large scale master planning, educational, mixed use, and retail buildings. ARK’s design experience includes buildings at all scales from a two story school to a 88 story tower. This breadth of experience informs their approach to architecture, collaborating with clients and consultants, and satisfying the requirements of the diverse building typologies they design. ARK''s studios are located in the tranquil setting of the university village of Princeton, New Jersey and the vibrant urban setting of Istanbul's Beyoglu district. This contrast of locations brings a unique vision to the work of ARK. These locations are the hubs for the work in the US and Turkey regions. With a collaborative history of working together on many built projects over the last several years, ARK and the local Istanbul architect B-Design have formed a seamless partnership in the pursuit of architecture.

Adjaye Associates Adjaye Associates was established in June 2000 by founder and principal architect, David Adjaye OBE. Receiving ever-increasing worldwide attention, the practice’s largest commission is the design of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of African American History and Culture on the National Mall in Washington D.C. Further projects range in scale from private houses, exhibitions and temporary pavilions to major arts centres, civic buildings and masterplans in Europe, North America, the Middle East, Asia and Africa. Renowned for an eclectic material and colour palette and a capacity to unfold cinematically, the buildings differ in form and style, yet are unified by their ability to challenge typologies and to generate a dynamic cultural discourse.

Atelier Novembre (Marc Iseppi & Jacques Pajot) The real issues of the architect based primarily on his " stance " of the city ( urban ) and territory (story) . It focus on finding links or weaves must build a building with its context, must be the starting point but also the focus of any project. Understand the makers guess users to better define the contours. Our dual training ( dplg + ENSAD ) confirmed us in this quest for harmony - the inside and the outside - and meaning, imposing on us the idea that the timelessness of an architecture or development comes more than quality of relationships they establish that an accumulation of signs and forms. The project area is rich. It requires both , the total exploration of the fields of composition and attachment to the building process by a constant pragmatic concern and a real responsibility to the issues it raises . In the absence of a priori, the serenity of the analysis requires rigor and sensitivity based on observation and listening, in a support process , enriched our experience of cities or areas.

Coldefy & Associates Architects Urban Planners (CAAU) Charles Rose Architects Inc. Charles Rose Architects creates architecture that is a balance of design, science, and strategy. Individuals, companies, and institutions have sought the firm's design acumen and strategic advice for projects located across the United States. Whether in rugged coastal settings or dense urban neighborhoods, the firm's designs reflect a keen feel for landscape and the distinct characteristics of a building site. Innovative cultural, institutional, residential, and civic projects --completed over two decades--have garnered acclaim: sixty design excellence awards, including national awards from the American Institute of Architects, and features in Architectural Record, Architectural Digest, The New York Times, and The Architectural Review. Now in his third decade as design principal of the Boston-based practice, Charles Rose is continuing to embrace forward-looking projects that promote sustainable practices and zero net energy design.

Richard + Schoeller Richard + Schoeller is an architectural firm founded in 1989 by Isabelle Richard and Frédéric Schoeller. The studio is constituted of a pluridisciplinary team working as a whole in order to organise an approach to architectural practice based on innovative concepts, for the realisation of cultural public structure, such as multimedia libraries, art centres, education facilities, town halls, and diplomatic campus. Established in the 4th arrondissement of Paris, the team aims to design new worlds by linking through light, space and form different scales from architectonic to urban landscape. Using the poetry of the site as a strategy, Richard + Schoeller conceive a project as an efficient attraction pole in the city, a place where the citizen's daily activity shines, a place of well being.

m ARCHITECTS Founded in 2001, the philosophy of m ARCHITECTS represents a context driven design process with careful attention to detail backed by technical know-how. With a dynamic cache of experience the firm offers a full range of design services including: architecture, interior design, planning, sustainability, and brand design. Working collaboratively with their clients, consultants, and builders, they engage in a participatory process where the needs of the user are met with lasting and appropriate results. m ARCHITECTS has been recognized through numerous publications and design accolades for a unique ability in combining the functional and aesthetic qualities of a project into a singular design solution. With a focus on corporate, institutional, and educational sectors their work is consistently marked by an attention to detail, technical rigor, and acute consideration to the functional and budgetary requirements of each project.


Ehrlich Architects Ehrlich Architects is internationally recognized for distinctive design, which extends the traditions of California modernism through an approach that fuses new technologies with cultural and environmental sensitivity. The firm has been recognized with prestigious accolades including the 2015 Firm Award from the American Institute of Architects as well as eight National AIA awards through the years. Embracing the convergence of complex global factors that challenge today’s architects, the firm has evolved a unique approach to architecture and planning called Multicultural Modernism. Largely developed through the travels and experiences of founding Principal Steven Ehrlich, Multicultural Modernism centers around architectural anthropology and incorporates four key elements: sensing place and listening to people; courtyards as an antidote to density and stress; encouraging community; and cross-cultural fusion. Multicultural Modernism is not a formula but a path towards an architecture that can respond sensibly, flexibly and with great exuberance to our increasingly urbanized world, celebrating both global aspirations and local cultural uniqueness.

Glavovic Studio Inc. Founded in 1999, Glavovic Studio is an awardwinning design firm in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Glavovic Studio explores and produces transformative contemporary architecture, art and urban design focusing on creative processes that engage the environment and provide exceptional social value. Multi-award winning projects include Public and affordable Housing Projects such as Young Circle ArtsPark, Young At Art|Museum Broward County Library, Girls’ Club Foundation, Nova Southeastern University Museum of Art, Dr. Kennedy Homes and Sailboat Bend Senior Housing Project. Glavovic Studio's work has been widely published, holding sustained national and international acclaim since the early years in Architectural Record, Abitare, Metropolis, TASCHEN, Objekt, Design Bureau, Braun, HOME, Florida Travel and Life, Urban Land and Tropic Magazine. Glavovic Studio projects have also been recipient of numerous awards and accolades.

BCMF Architects Established in 2001, by partners Bruno Campos, Marcelo Fontes and Silvio Todeschi, BCMF Architects has been involved in the development of a broad range of outstanding projects, being acknowledged in Brazil and abroad as one of the leading practices of the new generation of Brazilian architects. The studio seeks to be highly diversified in terms of scale and typology, ranging from interior design, commercial and residential buildings to large-scale projects (arenas, sports facilities, mixed-use, hospitals, industries, parks and urban masterplans). In January 2014, BCMF was listed by FAST COMPANY as the second most innovative company in South America.

Acton Ostry Architects

Since its inception in 1992, Acton Ostry Architects (AOA) has demonstrated a continuing commitment to the making of architecture that responds thoughtfully to local topography, climate, culture and to lessons learned from buildings inherited from the past. Russell Acton and Mark Ostry, the founding Principals, lead the firm with three associates and twenty-six architectural staff, five that are LEED accredited professionals. The values of the practice embody a consideration to sustainable design that is without willful extravagance. Their design approach incorporates new technologies and materials that contribute to the realization of projects rooted in a considered, modernist idiom that offer sustenance to those that inhabit and experience them. They are dedicated to the practice of architecture that positively and effectively contributes to the values and aspirations of the clients and communities we serve. Acton Ostry Architects are experienced in a wide range of building types, both new construction and adaptive reuse. Their projects are grounded in extensive research into the historical, social and cultural context of their surroundings. They recognize the importance of planning, landscape and building design that adapts to changing client, occupant and technological needs.

OLGGA Hardwired for the same shared passion for design, Alice Vaillant, Guillaume Grenu and Nicolas Le Meur have built OLGGA’s core philosophy around an architecture that is pure, direct and responsible. Based in Paris, the studio was created in 2006, its founders fresh out of architecture school. Ever since the creation of a satellite office in Lille in 2008, the studio has changed its collective dynamic that makes collective risk-taking a generator of good design. Today, three people-as individual they are parts of a whole--make up OLGGA. But first, what we all want to know: why «OLGGA»? Don’t rack your brain figuring out the funky acronym, it is quite simply a girl’s name, as dynamic and playful as their design ethos.

Wingårdhs Wingårdhs is the common name for Wingårdh Arkitektkontor AB and Wingårdh and Medarbetare AB. Gert Wingårdh, architect SAR/MSA and CEO, is the owner and manager. The office is today among the five largest architect groups in Sweden, and among the ten largest in the Nordic Region. This falls well in line with the target set in the office’s general objectives that we must be one of Scandinavia’s leading architecture firms. Wingårdh Arkitektkontor AB has been operating in Gothenburg since 1977, in Stockholm since 1985, and in Malmö since 2011. The office works on all types of projects, from product development (e.g. Volvo’s stands at international auto shows) and interior design (e.g. the Filippa K store “Ease” on Grev Turgatan in Stockholm) to large structures (e.g. Hyllie center in Malmö) and urban planning projects (e.g. Havneholmen in Copenhagen).


NEUTELINGS RIEDIJK ARCHITECTEN Neutelings Riedijk Architects was founded in 1987 by Willem Jan Neutelings and Michiel Riedijk. We offer a strong commitment to design excellence, realizing high quality architecture by developing powerful and innovative concepts into clear built form. Over the past twenty years Neutelings Riedijk Architects has established itself internationally as a leading practice specializing in the design and realization of complex projects for public, commercial and cultural buildings. We have designed and built theatres, concert halls, city halls, museums, libraries, hotels, schools and office buildings. The office has a wide experience in balancing the complex functions and logistics of these projects with their often delicate historical and urban contexts to give them the iconic significance in the public realm that their clients desire. Well known examples of cultural institutions designed by Neutelings Riedijk are the MAS Museum in Antwerp, the National Institute for Sound and Vision in Hilversum and the recently realized Culturehouses ‘Rozet’ in Arnhem and ‘Eemhuis’ in Amersfoort.

S

Sustainable Architecture Vol. 2 (Education + Culture + Sport)  

ISBN: 978-7-5495-6533-7 Pages: 280

Sustainable Architecture Vol. 2 (Education + Culture + Sport)  

ISBN: 978-7-5495-6533-7 Pages: 280

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