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04

Ryb 2018


XvKvq gyw³‡hv×v e„wËi †PK weZiY Abyôvb

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PÆMÖv‡g gyw³‡hv×v e„wË weZiY

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wbR¯^ cÖwZ‡e`b

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Ryb 2018

05


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06

Ryb 2018

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LyeB RbwcÖq Ges Avwg Avb‡›`i mv‡_ ej‡Z PvB †h, cÖwZ eQi cÖvq `yB nvRvi wk¶v_©x Avgv‡`i †K‡›`ª cÖwk¶YcÖvß nq| MZ cvuP eQ‡i `k nvRv‡iiI †ewk evsjv‡`kx wk¶v_©x AvBwRwmwm‡Z cÖwk¶Y MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| msMxZ I b„Z¨vbyôvb, wPÎv¼b cÖwZ‡hvwMZv, fviZxq I evsjv‡`kx Pjw”PÎ Ges Z_¨wPÎ cÖ`k©b, Pjw”PÎ Drme, wkí cÖ`k©bx, eB‡qi D‡Øvabx, e³…Zv, Av‡jvPbv mfv Ges †hvMwelqK Kg©kvjv, wn›`y¯Ívbx kv¯¿xq KÉ I hš¿ msMxZ, fviZxq b„Z¨ I wPÎKjvmn mgMÖ mvs¯‹…wZK wel‡q †K‡›`ªi Kvh©µg¸‡jv cwiPvwjZ n‡q‡Q| iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii mva©kZZg Rb¥evwl©Kx Ges KvRx bRiæj Bmjv‡gi Ôwe‡`ªvnxÕ KweZv cÖKv‡ki 90Zg evwl©Kx Avgv‡`i `yB †`‡ki †hŠ_ Av‡qvR‡b D`&hvwcZ n‡q‡Q|

Ryb 2018

07


Avgiv ¯^vgx we‡eKvb‡›`i mva©kZZg Rb¥evwl©KxI †hŠ_fv‡e D`&hvcb K‡iwQ| †K›`ªwU kxl©¯’vbxq fviZxq I evsjv‡`kx wkíx‡`i AskMÖn‡Y `yÕ‡`‡k wbqwgZ Abyôvb cwi‡ek‡bi ga¨ w`‡q e¨vcKfv‡e mvs¯‹…wZK wewbgq K‡i‡Q| MZ wZb eQ‡i AvBwRwmwm 214wU Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb K‡i‡Q hvi g‡a¨ 60wU wQj fviZxq wkíx‡`i cwi‡ewkZ Abyôvb| AvBwRwmwm Av‡qvwRZ wKQz ¯§iY‡hvM¨ Abyôv‡bi g‡a¨ i‡q‡QÑ fviZxq b„Z¨wkíx ggZv k¼‡ii e³…Zv; evsjv‡`‡k iex›`ªmsMxZ wkíx cÖwgZv gwj­‡Ki cwi‡ekbv; AvBwmwmAviGi Av‡qvR‡b iænvwb wm÷vm©, †knbvB `j I mywd evIivi `‡ji evsjv‡`k mdi; bqvw`wjø‡Z AvBwmwmAvi Av‡qvwRZ wØZxq fviZxq fw³ Drm‡e jvjbMxwZ wkíx dwi`v cvifx‡bi AskMÖnY; AvBwmwmAvi †jvKmsMxZ Drm‡e wKiYP›`ª iv‡qi †bZ…‡Z¡ †jvKwkíx`‡ji AskMÖnY; fvi‡Z AvBwmwmAvi Av‡qvwRZ Abyôv‡b †iRIqvbv †PŠayix eb¨v I Ômy‡ii avivÕ `‡ji msMxZ cwi‡ekbv; AvBwRwmwm‡Z KvRx bRiæj Bmjv‡gi fviZxq bvZbx Awbw›`Zv KvRx I evsjv‡`kx bvZbx wLjwLj KvRx cwi‡ewkZ Abyôvb| AvBwRwmwm wbqwgZfv‡e iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi I KvRx bRiæj Bmjv‡gi Rb¥evwl©Kx cvjb K‡i‡Q| GQvov, cÖL¨vZ †jvKmsMxZ wkíx Avãyj Avwjg I AveŸvmDwχbi Rb¥w`b Dcj‡¶ wkíx؇qi mšÍvb‡`i AskMÖn‡Y Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb K‡i‡Q| Avgiv XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq, ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vjq, XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi RMbœv_ nj, miKvwi msMxZ gnvwe`¨vjq, XvKvi mn‡hvwMZvq wewfbœ Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb K‡iwQ †hgb: ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡qi msMxZ wefv‡Mi cwi‡ekbvq D”Pv½ msMx‡Zi Abyôvb; XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi RMbœv_ n‡ji mn‡hvwMZvq `ywU AbyôvbÑ evsjv‡`‡ki 8 wkïwkíxi cwi‡ekbvq b„Z¨vbyôvb Ges 2017 mv‡j iex›`ª-bRiæj RqšÍx D`&hvcb; fvi‡Zi wewkó msMxZÁ‡`i e³…Zv; miKvwi msMxZ gnvwe`¨vj‡q kvwšÍwb‡KZb †_‡K Avmv me¨mvPx †mi‡Lj-Gi †mZvi ev`b, bqvw`wjøi mviw_ P¨vUvwR©i D”Pv½ msMxZ Ges KjKvZvi cwigj PµeZ©xi Zejv ev`b; XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi msMxZ wefv‡Mi Av‡qvR‡b AvBwRwmwm‡Z AbywôZ msMxZvbyôvb| evsjv‡`kx wkíx‡`i AmvaviY wKQz cwi‡ekbvi g‡a¨ i‡q‡QÑ Aw`wZ gnwmb, †iRIqvbv †PŠayix eb¨v, kvgv ingv‡bi iex›`ª msMxZ; Lvqiæj Avbvg kvwKj, W. bvwk` Kvgvj, dv‡Zgv ZzR-†Rvnivi bRiæj MxwZ; AvBwRwmwmi b„Z¨¸iæ Iqv`©v winve I Zuvi wk¶v_©x‡`i cwi‡ekbvq iweVvKz‡ii b„Z¨bvU¨ Ôk¨vgvÕ; AvBwRwmwm wkw¶Kv gybgyb Avn‡g` I Zuvi wk¶v_©x‡`i cwi‡ekbvq KÌK b„Z¨; evsjv‡`‡ki cÖL¨vZ myiKvi AvRv` ingv‡bi cwi‡ekbvq evsjv †Lqvj, †mwjbv AvRv‡`i AvaywbK Mvb; AjKKzgvi †m‡bi MRj, PviæKjv wek¦we`¨vjq wk¶v_©x‡`i AskMÖn‡Y ci ci `yÕeQi wPÎv¼b cÖwZ‡hvwMZv, †hvMwelqK Kg©kvjv BZ¨vw`| AvBwRwmwmi cwiPvjK kÖxgZx RqkÖx KzÐzi †bZ…‡Z¡ cwiPvwjZ AvBwRwmwm `‡ji wbôv I K‡Vvi cwikÖg Qvov G Abyôvb¸wji †KvbwUiB Av‡qvRb Kiv m¤¢e nZ bv| MZ wZb eQ‡i kÖxgZx KzÐz AvBwRwmwmi Kg©KvÐ mwVKfv‡e m¤úbœ Kiv Ges GwUi cÖPvi I cÖmv‡i Zuvi cÖwZkÖæwZ myôzfv‡e cvjb K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi †gqv` c~iY I `vwqZ¡fvi n¯ÍvšÍ‡ii cÖv°v‡j Avwg Zuvi cÖwZ Ges fviZ I evsjv‡`‡ki g‡a¨ mvs¯‹…wZK †hvMv‡hvM Dbœq‡bi †¶‡Î Zuvi Ae`v‡bi cÖwZ c~Y© kÖ×v Rvbvw”Q| Avwg AvMvgx eQi ev GiKg wKQz mg‡qi g‡a¨ mvs¯‹…wZK Dbœq‡bi †¶‡Î Avgv‡`i `„wófw½ m¤cwK©Z wKQz welq fvMvfvwM Ki‡Z PvB| Kg©kvjv/ †mwgbvi: AvBwmwmAvi-Gi mvg‡b ivLv Avgv‡`i Ab¨Zg GKwU cÖ¯Íve nj msMxZ I b„Z¨Kjvq wewkó wkíx‡`i

08

Ryb 2018


28 †g 2018 fviZxq nvB Kwgk‡b bZzb m`m¨‡`i ¯^vMZ Ges Kvh©Kvj mgvß nIqv m`m¨‡`i we`vq Rvbv‡bv nq

wb‡q Kg©kvjv/†mwgbv‡ii Av‡qvRb| GwU evsjv‡`‡ki wewfbœ mvs¯‹…wZK cÖwZôv‡bi mv‡_ KvR Ki‡Z Ges GB ai‡bi we‡kl Abyôvb Av‡qvRb Ki‡Z Avgv‡`i mnvqZv Ki‡e| cÖL¨vZ wkíx‡`i mdi: AvBwRwmwm fviZ I evsjv‡`‡ki cÖL¨vZ wkíx‡`i mdi wel‡q j¶¨ ivL‡e| Avwg PvB G-me wkíx †hb XvKv I KjKvZvi evB‡iI bZzb bZzb †kÖvZv‡`i Kv‡Q †cuŠQ‡Z cv‡ib| Avgiv GKRb weL¨vZ iex›`ªmsMxZ wkíx‡K fvi‡Z cvVv‡Z hvw”Q| fvi‡Zi †hme As‡k evsjv D”Pv½ msMxZ ZZUv cwiwPZ bq wZwb †mme RvqMv¸‡jv‡Z msMxZ cwi‡ekb Ki‡Qb| Zuvi m‡½ civgk©

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18 †g 2018 nvB Kwgkbvi kÖx nl©ea©b wkÖsjvi evsjv‡`‡ki cÖavbgš¿xi we‡kl `~Z, mv‡eK ivóªcwZ I RvZxq cvwU©i †Pqvig¨vb †Rbv‡ij û‡mBb gynv¤§` Gikv`-Gi BdZvi cvwU©‡Z AskMÖnY 21 †g 2018 nvB Kwgkbv‡ii ivRvievM cywjk jvB‡b evsjv‡`k cywjk wgjbvqZ‡b evsjv‡`k cywj‡ki gnvcwi`k©K W. †gvnv¤§` Rv‡e` cv‡Uvqvix, wewcGg (evi) Av‡qvwRZ BdZvi I †`vqv gvnwd‡j †hvM`vb 31 †g 2018 nvB Kwgkbv‡ii cÖwZi¶v Dc‡`óv weª‡MwWqvi RMwRr wms b›`v‡K we`vq Ges bevMZ cÖwZi¶v Dc‡`óv weª‡MwWqvi RM`xc wms Pxgv‡K ¯^vMZ Rvbv‡Z BdZvi I mvܨ‡fvR Av‡qvR‡b msm` m`m¨, gyw³‡hv×v, evsjv‡`k mk¯¿ evwnwbi EaŸ©Zb Kg©KZ©vmn Ab¨v‡b¨i †hvM`vb

Ryb 2018

09


cÖ”Q` iPbv

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10

Ryb 2018

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Aa¨vq| `yB †`‡ki g‡a¨ †hvMv‡hvM †e‡o‡Q| KjKvZv-Lyjbv eÜb †Uªb Pvjy n‡q‡Q| fviZ evsjv‡`k eÜyZ¡ wPiRxex †nvK| fvi‡Zi cÖavbgš¿x b‡i›`ª †gv`x Avkv cÖKvk K‡ib †h, Ôevsjv‡`k febÕ evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi g‡a¨ mvs¯‹…wZK wewbg‡qi cÖZxK n‡q DV‡e| wZwb kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b Avmvi Rb¨ Ges Ôevsjv‡`k febÕ D‡Øva‡bi my‡hvM jv‡fi Rb¨ cÖavbgš¿x †kL nvwmbv‡K ab¨ev` Rvbvb| evsjv‡`‡ki cÖavbgš¿x †kL nvwmbv e‡jb, evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi g‡a¨ `xN©w`‡bi †KŠkjMZ eÜyZ¡‡K Acivci we‡k¦i Rb¨ ÔwØc¶xq m¤ú‡K©i g‡WjÕ wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ n‡”Q| wZwb e‡jb, ÔAvwg `„pfv‡e †NvlYv w`‡Z cvwi †h Dfq †`k mn‡hvwMZvi GB g‡bvfve fwel¨‡ZI Ae¨vnZ ivL‡e|Õ †kL nvwmbv evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi g‡a¨ cvi¯úwiK mn‡hvwMZv cy‡ivcywi Kv‡R jvMv‡bvi AvnŸvb Rvwb‡q Avkv cÖKvk K‡ib, Dfq †`k fwel¨‡ZI mn‡hvwMZvi GB avivevwnKZv Ae¨vnZ ivL‡e| cÖavbgš¿x e‡jb, kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b Ôevsjv‡`k febÕ evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi g‡a¨ mvs¯‹…wZK eÜb my`„p Ges wØc¶xq m¤cK© fwel¨‡Z AviI †Rvi`vi Ki‡e| wZwb e‡jb, iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b GwU †QvU GK UzK‡iv evsjv‡`k, †hLvb †_‡K evsjv‡`‡ki †PZbv cÖwZcvwjZ n‡e| iex›`ªbv‡_i GB cÖfve wbR¯^fv‡eB Abb¨ n‡q DV‡e| Abyôv‡bi ïiæ‡Z kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡bi QvÎQvÎxiv evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi RvZxq msMxZ cwi‡ekb Ges ÔAvb›`‡jv‡K g½jv‡jv‡KÕ iex›`ªmsMxZ cwi‡ekb K‡ib| cwðge‡½i ivR¨cvj †Kkixbv_ wÎcvwV, cwðge‡½i gyL¨gš¿x ggZv e‡›`¨vcva¨vq Ges wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wfwm meyRKwj †mb Abyôv‡b Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb| cÖavbgš¿xi †evb †kL †invbv Ges mvwnwZ¨K, wk¶vwe`, Kwe, MvqK, wkíxmn Dfq †`‡ki wewkó e¨w³iv Abyôv‡b Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb| Ôevsjv‡`k febÕ †`‡L gy» ggZv e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi gšÍe¨, Ô`viæY †j‡M‡Q Avgvi evsjv‡`k feb| `viæY cQ›` n‡q‡Q| GB evsjv‡`k fe‡bi ga¨ w`‡qB Avgv‡`i eÜyZ¡c~Y© m¤úK© AviI `„p n‡e| iex›`ªbRiæj Avgv‡`i †PZbvq ewýgvb| Avgiv `yB †`k iex›`ª-bRiæj Qvov fve‡Z cvwi bv| GB evsjv‡`k feb Zx_©¯’vb n‡q hv‡e|Õ †kL nvwmbv e‡jb, ÔAvgiv g‡b Kwi iex›`ªbv_ Avgv‡`i| Zuvi Mvb AvR Avgv‡`i `yB †`‡ki RvZxq msMxZ| Avgv‡`i evsjvfvlv wek¦e¨vcx mgv`„Z n‡”Q| AvšÍR©vwZK gvZ…fvlv wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…wZ †c‡q‡Q wek¦`iev‡i|Õ wZwb e‡jb, ÔwQUgnj mgm¨vi mgvavb n‡q‡Q| fviZ Avgv‡`i eÜy †`k| gyw³hy‡× Avgv‡`i cv‡k `uvwo‡q‡Q| wQUgnj mgm¨vi mgvavb K‡i‡Q|Õ c‡ii w`b A_©vr 26 Ryb 2018 evsjv‡`‡ki cÖavbgš¿x †kL nvwmbv ea©gv‡b hvb we‡`ªvnx Kwe KvRx bRiæj Bmjv‡gi Rb¥f‚wg Avmvb‡mv‡ji Pziæwjqvq ÔKvRx bRiæj wek¦we`¨vj‡qiÕ m¤§vbm~PK wW wjU Dcvwa MÖÖnY Kivi Rb¨| †mLv‡b Zuvi m¤§v‡b GK eY©vX¨ Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb Kiv nq| wbR¯^ cÖwZ‡e`b

Ryb 2018

11


wkÿv e„wË

gyw³‡hv×v‡`i DËim~ix‡`i Rb¨ fviZ miKv‡ii ¯‹jviwkc w¯‹g

1971 mv‡j evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× AskMÖnYKvix exi gyw³‡hv×v‡`i DËim~ix‡`i Rb¨ fviZ miKvi 2006 mvj †_‡K gyw³‡hv×v ¯‹jviwkc w¯‹g Pvjy K‡i‡Q| G w¯‹‡gi AvIZvq miKvi D”P gva¨wgK I ¯œvZK ch©v‡qi wkÿv_©x‡`i e„wË w`‡q _v‡K| ¯œvZK ch©v‡qi wkÿv_©xiv Pvi eQ‡ii Rb¨ eQ‡i 24 nvRvi UvKv Ges D”P gva¨wgK ch©v‡qi wkÿv_©xiv `yB eQ‡ii Rb¨ eQ‡i 10 nvRvi UvKv K‡i e„wË †c‡q Avm‡Qb| GB w¯‹‡g GB ch©šÍ 10 nvRvi 936 Rb wkÿv_©x DcK…Z n‡q‡Qb; Zv‡`i Rb¨ evsjv‡`wk gy`ªvq 16.5 †KvwU UvKv e¨q Kiv n‡q‡Q| 2017 mv‡ji GwcÖ‡j evsjv‡`‡ki cÖavbgš¿x †kL nvwmbvi fviZ mdi Dcj‡ÿ bZzb †NvwlZ ¯‹jviwkc w¯‹‡g AvMvgx 5 eQ‡i †gvU 10,000 nvRvi wkÿv_©x‡K e„wË †`Iqv n‡e Ges G Rb¨ e¨q n‡e 35 †KvwU UvKv| cÖwZ eQi D”P gva¨wg‡K 1,000 Ges ¯œvZK ch©v‡q 1,000Ñ †gvU 2,000 wkÿv_©x‡K GB e„wË †`Iqv n‡e| D”P gva¨wgK ch©v‡qi wkÿv_©x‡`i GKKvjxb 20 nvRvi UvKv Ges ¯œvZK ch©v‡qi wkÿv_©x‡`i GKKvjxb 50 nvRvi UvKv †`Iqv n‡e| Pjgvb cyi‡bv ¯‹jviwkc w¯‹‡gi cvkvcvwk GB w¯‹g Pj‡e| G eQi cyi‡bv ¯‹jviwk‡ci AvIZvq 400 ¯œvZK wkÿv_©x‡K e„wË †`Iqv n‡”Q|

12

Ryb 2018

bZzb w¯‹‡g †gvU msL¨v 1,621 Rb wkÿv_©xÑ Gi g‡a¨ 1,000 ¯œvZK ch©v‡qi Ges 621 Rb D”P gva¨wgK ch©v‡qi wkÿv_©x| XvKv wefv‡Mi 376 Rb wkÿv_©x‡K m¤úªwZ e„wËi †PK n¯ÍvšÍi Kiv n‡q‡Q| Abyiƒcfv‡e AvMvgx K‡qK mßv‡ni g‡a¨ iscyi, ivRkvnx, wm‡jU, PÆMÖvg, Kzwgjøv, ewikvj, h‡kvi, gqgbwms‡ni wkÿv_©x‡`i gv‡S e„wËi †PK weZiY Kiv n‡e|

AvB‡UK Kg©m~wP ZiæY †ckvRxex‡`i Rb¨ we‡klvwqZ ¯^í I ga¨g ch©v‡qi †Kvm©

1964 mv‡j fviZxq KvwiMwi I A_©‰bwZK mn‡hvwMZv Ges `w¶Y-`w¶Y mn‡hvwMZv †KŠkj KvVv‡gvi AvIZvq fvi‡Zi Dbœqb mn‡hvwMZv Kg©m~wPi Ask wn‡m‡e AvB‡UK

Kg©m~wP cÖPwjZ nq hvi gva¨‡g Dbœqbkxj †`k¸‡jv‡K fvi‡Zi Dbœqb AwfÁZv Ges h_vh_ cÖhyw³i myweav cÖ`vb Kiv nq| cÖwZ eQi wnmve, wbix¶v, e¨e¯’vcbv, GmGgB, MÖvgxY Dbœqb, msm`xq welqvejxi gZ wewfbœ †¶‡Î cÖwk¶Y †Kv‡m©i Rb¨ 161wU mn‡hvMx †`‡k 10,000 Gi †ewk cÖwk¶Y c‡e©i Av‡qvRb Kiv nq| 2007 mvj †_‡K AvB‡UK Kg©m~wPi Aax‡b 3,500 Gi †ewk evsjv‡`kx ZiæY †ckvRxex fvi‡Z G ai‡bi we‡klvwqZ ¯^í I ga¨g ch©v‡qi †Kvm© m¤úbœ K‡i‡Q| fviZ miKvi 1972 mvj †_‡K fviZxq mvs¯‹…wZK m¤úK© cwil` (AvBwmwmAvi) Gi gva¨‡g evsjv‡`kx wk¶v_©x‡`i wk¶ve„wË w`‡q Avm‡Q| wPwKrmv kv¯¿ Qvov ¯œvZK †_‡K †cv÷ W±ivj ch©v‡q mKj wel‡q AvBwmwmAvi e„wË †`Iqv nq| G ch©šÍ fvi‡Z Aa¨q‡bi Rb¨ 3,200 Gi †ewk †gavex evsjv‡`kx wk¶v_©x‡K AvBwmwmAvi wk¶ve„wË cÖ`vb Kiv n‡q‡Q| Zuviv mevB evsjv‡`‡k Ges †`‡ki evB‡i ¯^ ¯^ †¶‡Î mycÖwZwôZ| weÁwß


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13


mybxj M‡½vcva¨vq (gv‡S), †ejvj †PŠayix (Wv‡b) I Ab¨iv| Qwe: †ejvj †PŠayixi cvwievwiK A¨vjevg †_‡K

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14

Ryb 2018

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Ryb 2018

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17


Kwe nvexeyjøvn wmivRx, gnv‡`e mvnv I Avmv` †PŠayixi gv‡S †ejvj †PŠayix \ †cQ‡b Ab¨v‡b¨i m‡½ †jLK (†KvU cwiwnZ)

†ejvj fvB‡qi m‡½ KweZv cÖm‡½B cÖ_g cwiPq| GK eo fvB Avgv‡K m‡½ wb‡q †ejvj fvB‡qi m‡½ mvÿvr Kwi‡q w`‡jb| cwiPq GKUz SvjvB K‡i †bIqvi e¨e¯’v nj| †Pv‡Li mvg‡b e‡m Av‡Qb fvix †`nx mwPÎ mÜvbxi †ejvj fvB, fviZ wewPÎvi †ejvj fvB| †Uwe‡j e‡m wjLwQ‡jb ˆ`wbK RbK‡Éi Rb¨ wbqwgZ wdPvi Ôejøvj †mbÕ bv‡g| Zvici †_‡K ïiæ nj `yÕR‡bi AvjvcPvwiZv| KLbI cë‡bi evmvi cuvP Zjvq jvB‡eªwi iæ‡g, KLbI †m¸bevwMPvq Avgvi Awd‡m| wK †mB cig cÖkvwšÍ Avgvi, hLb †`LZvg mvivw`‡bi Ng©v³ †ejvj fvB fvix e¨vM Kuv‡a wb‡q Avgvi Awd‡mi Kv‡Pi `iRv †V‡j †mvdvq kixiUv GKUz Gwj‡q w`‡q‡Qb| Lye VvÐv K‡i Pv †L‡Zb †ejvj fvB| cÖvqB wcqb G‡m Kvc wdwi‡q wb‡Z PvB‡j eviY Ki‡Zb| bZyb †Kvb eB †Kv_vI †c‡j w`we¨ Avgvi Rb¨ wb‡q Avm‡Zb GKwU Kwc wKsev wb‡Ri KwcUvB †i‡L †h‡Zb Avgvi covi Rb¨| Zvici mܨv AviI Nwb‡q G‡j Zv‡K evmvq †i‡L Z‡e evwo wdiZvg| cÖvqkB Ggb nZ wZwb †nu‡U P‡j †h‡Z PvB‡Zb evwKUv c_| KLbI Zv †g‡bwQ KLbI gvwbwb| ivwÎ Mfxi n‡q G‡j cÖvqkB †Uwj‡dvb evRZ †ejvj fvB‡qi eyK c‡K‡U| eyS‡Zb wKsev eyS‡Zb bv, wbf©i KiZ g‡bi MwZi Dci| w¯œ»Zvi gvcKvwVi Dci| Zuvi mvwbœ‡a¨, Zuvi mvnP‡h© cwiwPZ n‡qwQ A‡b‡Ki m‡½| KweZvi RM‡Zi me D¾¡j bÿ·`i m‡½| Zuviv G‡K G‡K Kvjµ‡g mevB Avgvi GKvšÍ AvcbRb| mevi gv‡S wb‡R‡K Qwo‡q †`evi, †g‡j aievi wKsev †g‡j ai‡Z †ejvj fvB‡qi Rywo †gjv fvi| Kwe iwdK AvRv`, Kwe gnv‡`e mvnv, Kwe Avmv` †PŠayix, Kwe iweDj nymvBb, Kwe nvexeyjøvn wmivRx, †K bq? mevi m‡½B G‡K G‡K AšÍi½ n‡q †Mjvg mg‡qi cwiµgvq| A‡bK Kwe-mvwnwZ¨K †ejvj fvB‡qi m‡½

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Ryb 2018

cwiwPZ Ggb mK‡jB cÖvq Avgvi Rvbv‡kvbv| m`¨ cÖqvZ Aa¨vcK gy¯Ívdv b~i Dj BmjvgI †¯œnf‡i VuvB w`‡qwQ‡jb Avgv‡K Zuvi †¯œ‡ni gwY‡KvVvq, †m-I H †ejvj fvB‡qi †mŠR‡b¨B| w¯œ» kãwU †ejvj fvB‡qi Lye wcÖq wQj| w¯œ» cwi‡ek, w¯œ» cik wKsev w¯œ» Av‡ek G¸‡jv wb‡q gv‡S gv‡SB †ek LUKv jvMZ| Avm‡j w¯œ»ZvUv Kx? GiB ¯^iƒc D‡b¥vP‡b GKw`b `xN© mgq K_v n‡qwQj †ejvj fvB‡qi m‡½ gy¯Ívdv b~i Dj Bmjvg m¨v‡ii evmvq| wKQz‡ZB GB w¯œ»Zvi RU †Lvjv hvw”Qj bv| AvwfavwbK A‡_© Av‡jvPbv bq, cvV‡Ki ÁvZv‡_© Zv e‡j ivLvB fvj| GB evsjv w¯œ» kãwUi gv‡b †ejvj fvB‡qi gb Avi gb‡b †Mu‡_ wQj A½v½xfv‡e| ZviB cÖK…Z iƒc D‡b¥vP‡b bvbv K_v| Ae‡k‡l mgq dzwi‡q Gj, w¯œ» AÜKv‡i `yÕRb c_ nvivjvg| †ejvj fvB ej‡jb G Ggb wKQz †hb ÔZuv‡Zi kvwo wgwn my‡Zvq †evbv|/ Avgvi gv‡qi AuvPj, wVK GB AÜKv‡ii gZÕ| Zvici k㸇jv AMÖwš’Z n‡q iBj Avgvi gw¯Í‡®‹| KZevi e‡jwQ †ejvj fvB Ôwgwn my‡Zvi KweZvUvÕ| ej‡Zb, Ôfz‡j †MwQ ImeÕ| A_P Avgvi g‡b Av‡Q IB `y‡Uv jvBb| Avgiv `yÕRb nuvUwQ KjKvZvi eB‡gjvq| Kuv‡a †Svjv‡bv e¨vM, fvix kixi, aycavc fw½‡Z cy‡iv eB‡gjv P‡l †eov‡jb wZwb| Zuvi m½x _vKvi me‡P‡q eo wec`Uv nj Zuvi †Kvb wbR¯^ wbqš¿Y †bB| Gi m‡½ Ii m‡½ Zvi m‡½ KZRbvi m‡½ †h Zvi mL¨! cÖwZR‡bi mnRvZ wRÁvmv, Ô†Kgb AvwQm †ejvj, KLb Gwj?Õ G¸‡jv †m‡i K…wËevm cyi¯‹vi cÖ`vb Abyôv‡b Pjjvg| e‡m Av‡Qb mybxj Mv½ywj Avi kw³ P‡Ævcva¨vq| GB me ivkfvix gvby‡li fx‡o wb‡R‡K Rov‡bv †mwK PvwÆLvwb K_v| wKš‘ gyn~‡Z© me eid M‡j Rj n‡q †Mj, PvB‡Zv wK ev®úvKv‡i D‡o †Mj Nbxf~Z me m¤ú‡K©i


†eovRvj| UzsUvs k‡ãi g‡a¨ ivwÎ KLb †h ga¨eqmx bvixi gZ fvix n‡q Gj †KD †Zv Rv‡b bv| Gi g‡a¨ evsjv ¯^vaxb n‡q‡Q KZevi, KZevi n‡q‡Q civaxb, KZevi KuvUvZv‡ii †eov †M‡Q Dc‡o, KZevi iex›`ªbv_ †`eZvi Avmb †Q‡o gvwU‡Z G‡m `uvwo‡q mevB‡K Kov bvov w`‡q P‡j †M‡Qb kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b, Zvi Lei †K iv‡L? GB Avgv‡`i †ejvj fvB| †`‡ki MwÐ †cwi‡q Avevi Avgv‡K wb‡q KjKvZvq| `yÕRb nuvUwQ KjKvZvi iv¯Ív a‡i, mKvj wKsev mܨvq| †ejv `kUv, kx‡Zi mKvj| GKUz Pv n‡j g›` nq bv| †ejvj fvB ej‡jb KjKvZv kn‡ii Nyg fv‡O †ejv GMviUvq| myZivs Pv‡qi Rb¨ NÈvLvwbK A‡cÿv Qvov wK Avi Kiv! †ejvj †PŠayix wPibexb GK Kwe| GKRb m`vjvcx, mnvm¨ gvbyl| wkK‡oi Uvb Zvi B`vbxs| †`k †Q‡o †ev‡nwgqvb Rxeb Zuvi `xN© fvjevmvi| cÖvwZôvwbK wkÿvi Lei †Zgb wKQz Rvwb bv| wKš‘ wK ewjô RxebgyLx wkÿv wb‡q wZwb m`‡¤¢ we¯Í…Z wQ‡jb GZUv mgq mskqnxb| iex›`ªbv_, bRiæj, Rxebvb›`mn evsjvi KweKzj Qvwo‡q ewnwe©‡k¦i †K †bB Zuvi wPšÍv RM‡Z? Kvi m‡½ wQj bv Zvi AvZ¥vi m¤úK©? Awd‡m e‡m AvwQ| †ejvj †PŠayixi Rb¨ Avgvi wiwmck‡bi `iRv wQj wPi AevwiZ| GKevi wZwb Avgvi iæ‡g XyK‡jb, wKš‘ GKv bb| GKMv`v K¨v‡giv, ÷¨vÛ, jvBU, Acv‡iUi, mvsevw`Kmn Awdm iæg miMig| euvKv †Pv‡L †`Ljvg gvQiv½v †Uwjwfkb| †ejvj fvB h_vixwZ †Uwe‡j fi K‡i e‡m †KŠZ‚n‡ji e‡m wmMv‡i‡Ui c¨v‡K‡U nvZ ivL‡jb| †auvqv Qvo‡jb| mevi Rb¨ Pv‡qi e¨e¯’v nj| msk‡q wRÁvmv Kijvg, †ejvj fvB wK e¨vcvi? ej‡jb, B›UviwfD| mve‡R±? Rxebvb›` `vk| ejjvg †ek| ej‡jb, `yÕR‡bi B›UviwfD n‡e| †K †K| Avcwb Avi Avwg| welq: `yB cÖR‡b¥i fvebvq Rxebvb›` `vk (ev Ggb wKQz) Avwg †Zv wew¯§Z! wKš‘ nj Ges †ek miMig AvÇv| †iKW© nj Kwe Rxebvb›` `v‡ki Kve¨ Avi †jLbx cÖwZfv wb‡q| cÖK…wZi wekvjZ¡ Avi e¨vcKZv wb‡q Rxebvb‡›`i RxebgyLx `k©‡bi m‡½ `yB cÖR‡b¥i †Kvb dvivK †bB, Av‡Q RxY©Zi Av”Qv`‡bi e¨eavbÑ Zv Avevi Abvwe®‹„Z inm¨gqZvq †Niv ebjZvi gZB my›`i| GgbB wQj AvÇvi †m aib, ZvB aviY K‡i wb‡qwQj †mw`b †Uwjwfk‡bi K¨v‡giv| †ejvj fvB m¤ú‡K© wjLevi A‡bK w`K _vK‡Z cv‡i| Kwe †ejvj †PŠayix mvsevw`K, m¤úv`K †ejvj †PŠayix, m‡ev©cwi gvbyl †ejvj †PŠayix| Av‡MB e‡jwQ Kve¨ cÖwZfvi ùzi‡Yi QÕUvq Avwg Avwe®‹vi K‡iwQjvg Zuv‡K A_©vr Luy‡R wb‡qwQjvg| wKš‘ µgk c_ Pjvq Avwg GKUz GKUz K‡i Zuv‡K mwZ¨B Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z ïiæ Kijvg| ïiæ nj GK inm¨gqZvi Mí| †hgb †`‡LwQ Zuv‡K, wZwb wK †ZgbB wKQz? bv wVK Zv bq AviI A‡bK wKQz| m`vjvcx m`vnvm¨ Kwe †ejvj †PŠayixi Rxe‡bi wKQz Am¤¢e kw³kvjx AvZ¥mËvi M‡íi AeZviYv bv NUv‡j Zuvi m¤ú‡K© ejv Am¤ú~Y© †_‡K hv‡e| n¨v‡jv, wK Ki‡Qb †ejvj fvB? GB Avi wK, †cb cywks Pj‡Q| mwZ¨B GB Kjg Nlvi k‡ãi m‡½B †ejvj fvB‡qi Rxeb GwM‡q‡Q Nl‡Z Nl‡Z| Avw_©K ¯^”QjZv †mB A‡_© KLbI Dc‡fvM K‡ibwb wZwb| Rxe‡bi mg¯Í c_‡K mnR †f‡e, `yišÍ c‡_ GwM‡q hvIqvi gZ mvnmx †jvK mgv‡R Lye Kg Av‡Q| wZwb Zv‡`iB GKRb| AvZ¥cÖZ¨qx, ewjô Ges m`vhyeK| †KvbIw`b †Kvb Avw_©K ˆ`b¨ wKsev mvgvwRK, gvbwmK `xbZv Zuv‡K ¯úk© K‡iwb| gvbyl‡K †ejvj fvB fvj‡e‡m‡Qb wbweofv‡e, Avi hv‡K fvj‡e‡m‡Qb GKevi, Zvi Rb¨ mvivÿY cÖvYvšÍ wQ‡jb wZwb| †jLv‡jwLi RM‡Z Zuvi AvbyK‚j¨ hviv

jvf K‡i‡Qb Zviv GKgZ n‡eb †h, †ejvj fvB KLbI KvD‡K †QvU fve‡Zb bv, mevB‡K Avcbvi gZ K‡iB fve‡Zb| G ¸Y wbtm‡›`‡n weij Ges G wb‡qB Pvwiw`‡K mevi g‡a¨ wns‡mi †ik we`¨gvb _v‡K| A_P wZwb wQ‡jb Gme nxbgb¨Zvi E‡aŸ©| †KvbIw`b cÖKv‡k¨ wKsev AcÖKv‡k¨, AvKv‡i wKsev Bw½‡Z, cwiwPZ wKsev AcwiwPZ KviI m¤ú‡K© †ejvj fvB‡K Avgvi †PbvRvbvi GB hyMKvjxb mg‡q †Kvb iKg †bwZevPK Uz-kãwU ch©šÍ Ki‡Z ïwbwb| ZvB e‡j ejevi gZ †Kvb KviY cÖZ¨ÿ Kwiwb Zv wKš‘ bq| AvZ¥wbgMœ, c‡ivcKvix, m`vnvm¨, wb‡ew`ZcÖvY Kwe †ejvj †PŠayixi GB Rxeb`k©b‡K ïay mvayev` Rvbv‡j h‡_ó n‡e bv| Z‡e Zv AbyKi‡Y hw` wb‡Ri AvZ¥Z…wß N‡U, Ges †mUv iß Kiv hvq Z‡e Zv gnvg~j¨evb AR©b n‡e e‡jB †eva Kwi| †KŠZzKwcÖqZv †ejvj fvB‡qi Rxe‡bi Av‡iK w`K| cÖvY Ly‡j nvm‡Z cvi‡Zb, cvi‡Zb nvmv‡Z| Avm‡ii ga¨gwY n‡q DV‡Zb wZwb Aíÿ‡YB Avcb gwngvq| Av‡MB ejwQ GB †PvÏeQ‡ii mvwbœ‡a¨ KZevi KZ RvqMvq †ejvj fvB‡qi m‡½ AvÇvq †g‡ZwQ| KZ cwiwPZ KZ AcwiwPZR‡bi m‡½ Zvi wn‡me Klv fvi| meLv‡bB wZwb bgm¨ e¨w³ wn‡m‡eB wb‡Ri †evaUzKz RvMÖZ †i‡L‡Qb Ges N‡iI wd‡i‡Qb e¨wZµgx c`fv‡i | wK wb‡g©vn wQj Zuvi `„wó, Avi wK D`vi! fvjevmv Adzivb wQj Zuvi cÖvwšÍK mvwnZ¨‡cÖgx eÜz‡`i cÖwZ| †QvÆ †QvÆ †XD‡q cÖwZwbqZ †hgb fv‡O b`xi cvo wVK †Zgwb cÖwZw`‡bi †QvÆ †QvÆ M‡íi gv‡S †ejvj fvB †f‡O‡Qb Avgvi g‡a¨ Avi Avwg †ejvj fvB‡qi gv‡S| Ggwb PjwQj mgq¸‡jv| nVvr GKw`b w¯’i bq, ¯’weiI bq, Pjrkw³ weewR©Z bq, GK inm¨gqZvq †Niv gyLfwZ© †LuvPv †LuvPv `vwo wb‡q `iRv †V‡j †ejvj fvB XzK‡jb Avgvi Awd‡m| ZLb mܨv| ÔGB †h mܨvi h&-djvUv †`L‡Qb GUv w`‡jI P‡j, bv w`‡jI P‡jÕ, e‡jwQ‡jb †ejvj fvB| hv‡nvK, cÖm‡½ Avwm| mybxj Mv½ywj P‡j †M‡Qb cicv‡i| Zuvi †ev‡nvwgqvb Rxe‡bi AwR©Z Szwji GK weivU Ask Ry‡o †h mybxj Avi kw³, †mB mybxj`v †bB| †Kgb K‡i mB‡eb wZwb? mg¯Í gyLLvbv welv`gvLv| AvwgI ZZw`‡b mybxj`vi `„wómxgvi gv‡S P‡j G‡mwQjvg| ïay `yÕRb `yÕR‡bi gy‡Li w`‡K †P‡q _vKjvg| K_v nj bv wKQyB| ZviI wKQzw`b ci| wK †h Kvi‡Y AveviI †mB mܨvq †ejvj fvB G‡jb Awd‡m, em‡jb| A‡bKÿY K_v nj| Ag„‡Z AiæwPi gZ K‡iB †XvK wMj‡jb| e‡m _vK‡Z _vK‡Z Rvb‡Z PvBjvg g‡bi Lei| ej‡jb `kw`‡Ki †Kvb w`‡Ki K_v ej‡eb wZwb, Z‡e KjKvZv n‡q w`wjø hvevi Mí †kvbv‡jb| wdi‡eb kxNªB| wZwb wdi‡jb bv Z‡e kxNªB Lei †cjvg wK GK fqvbK e¨_vq wZwb AvµvšÍ n‡q KjKvZvi GK †¯œnab¨ Kwe AjK emyi evmvq w`b KvUv‡”Qb| Zvici XvKv †div| evwo-nvmcvZvj, Wv³vi-nvmcvZvj GB me wb‡q wePwjZ Avi †fvMvwšÍi g‡a¨ KvUwQj Zvi †ek wKQzw`b| ïay Avwg bq, GB gnr gvby‡li gn‡Ë¡i Abyfe †c‡q‡Qb AviI A‡b‡K| Zuv‡`i KÕRbv‡KB-ev Avwg wPwb| Z‡e huv‡`i wPwb Zvi †KDB wbðqB Avgvi m‡½ wØgZ Ki‡eb bv Zuvi cÖwZ GB gnË¡Mv_v wPÎ wb‡q| †m my‡hvM †ejvj fvB †i‡L hvbwb G‡Kev‡iB| Dcwbl‡`i †køv‡Ki mijv_© †_‡K hw` wea„Z Kwi Ô... hw` Zzwg g‡b Ki eªþ‡K DËgiƒ‡g RvwbqvQ Z‡e Zzwg eª‡þi iƒc AwZ AíB RvwbqvQÕ, wVK †ZgbB eªþiƒcx GB gnvgvbylwUi AwZ ÿz`ª K_vB Avwg †R‡bwQ| Avgvi Rvbvi cwiwai †P‡qI †ejvj fvB wQ‡jb A‡bK we¯Í…Z, A‡bK cÖmvwiZ| av‡bi †Lvmvi g‡a¨ BlxKv (g‡a¨i kuvm) †hgb †Mvcbfv‡e Ae¯’vb K‡i †miKg †ejvj †PŠayixi AvZ¥v †`n gb Bw›`ª‡qi wµqvi Øviv Ave„Z n‡q cÖ”Qbœfv‡e Aew¯’Z Av‡Qb Ges _vK‡eb Avgv‡`i gv‡S| Avgv‡`i †ejvj fvB wQ‡jb GK ï× †R¨vwZ¯^iƒc, whwb Ag„Z Ges †`kKv‡ji AZxZ| †ejvj fvB‡qi DrcwËI †bB, webvkI †bB| wZwb Awebvkx| †Lvi‡k` evnvi cÖ‡KŠkjx, Kwe, K_vmvwnwZ¨K

Ryb 2018

19


¯§iY//3

wØZxqiwnZ †ejvj †PŠayix mykvšÍ gRyg`vi

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Ryb 2018


Zuvi AšÍcÖ©‡`‡k wQj Dchy©cwi gš’b| Zuvi evDÐz‡jcbv Aby‡gv`b K‡i †`‡ki PvjwPÎ, ixwZ-cÖ_v, cÖK…wZ AšÍj©xb a¨v‡b mieivn K‡i‡Q AbyK~j ¸Ygq fve| me Kwei gZ Kve¨kw³ †ejvj †PŠayix †c‡q‡Qb evsjvi RjnvIqv, RvMÖZ Rxeb, cÖvZ¨wnK ev¯ÍeZv, evOvwj mËv, †`kwPšÍv I evsjv fvlvi cÖwZ fvjevmv †_‡K| KvD‡K bv-ej‡Z cvivi ¯^fve †_‡K gvby‡li GKvšÍ cÖ‡qvR‡b mva¨gZ KvR K‡i w`‡Z wb‡Ri †jLvi †Uwe‡j emvi ZvwM` wZwb ¯’wMZ †i‡L‡Qb| mgq Li‡Pi gZ mgq Zuvi bv-_vK‡jI gvbyl‡K m½ w`‡Z †`k †_‡K †`‡k, Rbc‡`, KL‡bv Aejxjvq gvby‡li A›`‡i cÖ‡ek K‡i‡Qb| †klvewa wVKB Zuvi wbR¯^ mvab RvMwZK fRb wmw×i ¯Í‡i †cuŠ‡Q‡Q| m„Rbxkw³i wmçwb Zuvi g‡a¨ e¨vß wQj| G-Rb¨ cwÎKv m¤úv`bv K‡i‡Qb| Icvi evsjvi lv‡Ui `k‡Ki Av‡jvob †Zvjv mybxj kvwmZ mvwnZ¨ cwÎKv K…wËevm m¤úv`bv K‡i‡Qb wZwb| Avgiv A‡b‡K Rvwb bv, mvwnZ¨-mvs¯‹…wZK cwÎKv †`k-G KweZv Qvcv nZ cv`c~iY wn‡m‡e| G‡`‡kI cÎ-cwÎKvq KweZvi †hvM¨ ¯’vb wQj bv| ¯^vaxbZv-DËiKv‡j cÖKvwkZ mvßvwnK mwPÎ mÜvbx‡Z †ejvj †PŠayix Kvh©wbe©vnx m¤úv`K _vKvKv‡j KweZvPP©vq cwÎKvwU Kwe‡`i AšÍi½ I wbf©i‡hvM¨ evÜe n‡q I‡V| M`¨ I KweZv, ¯§„wZK_v wZwb Kg †j‡Lbwb| ¯§„wZK_v wbiæ‡Ïk nvIqvq nvIqvq, wbeÜ KvM‡R Kj‡g, ågYKvwnwb m~h© K‡iv¾¡j ebf~wg, wkï‡Zvl mßi‡Zœi KvÐKviLvbv, meyR fvlvi Qov, ewÎk `uvZ, Abyev` g„Zz¨i Kovbvov D‡jøL‡hvM¨| Av‡iv Avqy®§vb wkí-mvwnZ¨ †ejvj †PŠayix †_‡K cvIqv †hZ| wKš‘ Zuvi Pwi‡Îi Ab¨Zg ˆewkó¨ wQj üówP‡Ë `kw`M‡šÍi cÖÁv-mÜvbx AvÇv w`‡q mgq LiP| Zuvi evK¨vjv‡c †h DBU-wnDgvi Zvi mvÿ¨ cvIqv †M‡Q ivRavbx wel‡q wgZvqZ‡bi †jLv XvKv Wvqwi‡Z| K‡_vcK_‡b nv‡m¨vÏxcK D`vni‡Yi †hvMvb w`‡Z wQ‡jb cvi½g| wbR¯^ fuvovi i‡m †hb c~Y© K‡i ivL‡Zb ¯^xq g‡bvRMZ µgvMZ Lbb K‡i| A‡b‡K Rv‡bb bv, †ejvj †PŠayix Mí wj‡L‡Qb| 1963 mv‡j Zuvi †jLv ÔAcivýÕ MíwU mwPÎ mÜvbx‡Z Qvcv n‡j †ev×v cvVKgn‡j Av‡jvob c‡owQj| ïiæ‡ZB wjL‡jb: ÔB`vbxs jZv¸j¥, Dw™¢`, Z…Y`vg, MvQcvjv, cÎcjøe, cyw®úZ Kvbb, kxZj Rj, ˆkevjÑ G m‡ei MÜ wK wbg©g Avi Amn¨ g‡b nq|Õ KvwZ©‡Ki †NvijvMv Acivý †hfv‡e †ejvj †PŠayix eY©bv K‡i‡Qb Zv c‡o g‡b n‡qwQj Avgiv M‡í Av‡iKRb Kgj gRyg`vi‡K †c‡qwQ| wKš‘ M‡íi gZ A¯úó Av‡jvQvqvi KvUvKzwU‡Z, Kzqvkvi big Av¯Íi‡Y me jxb n‡q †Mj| †ejvj †PŠayix Mí iPbvq mwµq _v‡Kbwb| Zuvi AšÍcÖ©‡`‡k wQj Dchy©cwi gš’b| Zuvi evDÐz‡jcbv Aby‡gv`b K‡i †`‡ki PvjwPÎ, ixwZ-cÖ_v, cÖK…wZ AšÍj©xb a¨v‡b mieivn K‡i‡Q AbyK~j ¸Ygq fve| me Kwei gZ Kve¨kw³ †ejvj †PŠayix †c‡q‡Qb evsjvi RjnvIqv, RvMÖZ Rxeb, cÖvZ¨wnK ev¯ÍeZv, evOvwj mËv, †`kwPšÍv I evsjv fvlvi cÖwZ fvjevmv †_‡K| ¯^‡`k h‡_”Qfv‡e AbyiwYZ n‡q‡Q Zuvi KweZvq| Avevi †ejvj †PŠayixiI wQj wbR¯^ †eva, AšÍgy©Lx cÖwZwµqv, gvbm ÿZv³ k~b¨Zv, cÖv³b Avkvev‡` Abv¯’v, cwiÎv‡Yi Dcvq †LuvRvi D‡Ï‡k Kv‡ji †Kki Rvc‡U aivi AvMÖn, KL‡bv KL‡bv †e`bvi `„wógvLv Ae‡jvKb| P~ovšÍfv‡e gvbyl I †`‡ki `y`©kv †_‡K †ejvj †PŠayix KweR‡bvwPZ wbivmw³ eRvq iv‡Lbwb| ïay e¨w³ bb wZwbÑ mgwói Ask n‡q mivmwi †`ªv‡ni w`‡K cvk wd‡i‡Qb| †ejvj †PŠayix Rvb‡Zb, Kwe hw` nb Rb‡Mvôxi Kɯ^i Z‡e mvgvwRK `vq †_‡K Zuvi cwiÎvY †bB| Zuvi mg~n Abyfe, GKvšÍwPšÍv I cÖZxwZ, Awfwb‡e‡ki cÖKvk: wblv` cÖ‡`‡k, AvZ¥cÖwZK…wZ, w¯’iRxeb I wbmM©, ¯^cœe›`x, †mjvB Kiv Qvqv, KweZvi

Kgje‡b, hve¾xeb mkÖg Djøv‡m, ewÎk b¤^i Kve¨MÖ‡š’ Qwo‡q Av‡Q| ÔAvcwb KweZv †j‡Lb †Kb?ÕÑ GB cÖ‡kœ †ejvj †PŠayix GKB wk‡ivbv‡g cÖZz¨Ëi w`‡q‡Qb, Ôe„wðK ivwki AmyLx, bv-wK myLx †ejvj †PŠayix KweZv wjwL, M`¨I wjwLÑ wjL‡Z nq RxweKvi R‡b¨, Avj‡mwgi Rb¨ Zv-I wVK n‡q I‡V bv me mgq, KZ †jLv †h Aa©c‡_ _g‡K Av‡Q, euvKv Puv‡`i G‡jv‡g‡jv kãivwk, Av‡evj-Zv‡evj| †Kej ZLbB euvK wb‡q P‡j †MwQ KweZvi cÿcy‡U| ejv hvq g‡RwQ| KZUv?Ñ cÖvq WzeRj, WzeyWzey| Wzeyix nIqvi ¯^cœ wQj †h GK`v|... †`k-Kvj-mgvRmsmvi, hy×-weMÖn-cigvYy AveR©bv, †hvwb, e¨v‡Oi QÎvK, k¨vIjv-¸j¥, Nvm-jZvcvZv-dzj, †mŠi-cjøxi hveZxq mewKQzB KweZvi †fvR¨| Avwg †Kej µgvMZ VzK‡i P‡jwQ|Õ Zwbœô cvVKI Rv‡bb bv †ejvj †PŠayixi gyw³hy‡×i KweZv bv‡g Avjv`v GKwU MÖš’ Av‡Q| AeMZ bv-_vKvi Kvi‡Y Av‡jvPKivI ZvwjKvq GB MÖš’wUi bvg AšÍf©z³ K‡ibwb| 2011 mv‡ji †deªæqvwii eB †gjvq †ejvj †PŠayixi gyw³hy‡×i Kve¨MÖš’wU mÜvbx cÖKvkbx †_‡K †ei nq| MÖš’fz³ n‡q‡Q †eqvwjøkwU KweZv| cÖ”Q` G‡uK‡Qb e‡iY¨ wkíx KvBqyg †PŠayix| DrmM©c‡Î †ejvj †PŠayix wj‡L‡Qb: Ôgyw³hy‡×i Agi exi †mbvbx huviv Rqevsjv aŸwb Zz‡j †`kgvZ…Kvi ¯^vaxbZvi Rb¨ AvZ¥`vb K‡i knx` n‡q‡Qb Zuv‡`i wcZv-gvZv, fvB-†evb, ea~mšÍvb‡`i cÖwZ me©vwaK kÖ×v m¤¢vlY|Õ evOvwj RvwZi mk¯¿ hy× GK †MŠiegq †kÖô KxwZ©| ZLb cÖwZ gyn~‡Z©i g„Zz¨ wefxwlKv, †eq‡bUwe× `ytmg‡qi bq gv‡mi AwfÁZv wb‡q Kwe iPbv K‡i‡Qb g„Zz¨ZvwoZ I msMÖvgkxj cO&w³¸”Q| ¯^vaxbZv-cieZ©x †`‡k Rvqgvb wQj gyw³hy‡×i Awbt‡kl †PZbv| GB msÁvB RvwZ‡K w`‡q‡Q †cÖiYv| RvwZi wcZvi nZ¨vKv‡Ði wb›`v, mvgwiK kvmb, mv¤úª`vwqKZv-†gŠjev`-ˆ¯^ivPvi we‡ivwaZv, hy×vcivax‡`i wePvi, MYZš¿ cÖwZôvi `vwe wb‡q evOvwj evievi HK¨e× n‡q‡Q| gyw³hy‡×i we¯Í…Z `xß †PZbvi mvivrmvi wb‡q †ejvj †PŠayixi gyw³hy‡×i Kve¨MÖš’wU| mPivPi †`‡k eB‡qi ewnivei‡Y (eøve©) †jLKivB eBwU m¤ú‡K© wee„wZ iPbv K‡ib| †ejvj †PŠayix wb‡R wjL‡Z m¤§Z nbwb| cÖKvkK MvRx kvnveywÏb Avng‡`i Aby‡iv‡a Avgv‡K †m-`vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Z nq| KweZvi ü`q-msev`x cvVKgvÎB Rv‡bb, Awbqwš¿Z Av‡eM, AwZ e¨env‡i RxY© KwecÖwmw× Kvh©KvwiZv nvwi‡q †d‡j| †ejvj †PŠayix ZvB †`kR HwZ‡n¨i mvnv‡h¨ cybwb©g©vY K‡i‡Qb ¯^Kxq Kve¨v`k©| G-Kvi‡YB gyw³hy× I e½eÜz Zuvi KweZvq iPbv K‡i‡Q wbweo m¤^Ü| †ejvj †PŠayix‡K mkix‡i cÖ_g †`wL MZ kZvãxi Avwki `k‡Ki †k‡li w`‡K| Gi Av‡M ÔZuv‡i †Pv‡L †`wLwb, ïay euvwk ï‡bwQ|Õ ZLb wZwb mvßvwnK mwPÎ mÜvbxi Kvh©wbe©vnx m¤úv`K| gvbm¤úbœ wkímvwnZ¨-ms¯‹„wZi cÖwZwbwaZ¡ K‡i mwPÎ mÜvbx Z„ß Ki‡Q iæwPkxj cvV‡Ki gbb| †ejvj †PŠayixi ÔPwjøk eQ‡ii wZb emšÍÕ †jLvq Av‡Q, Ômˇii `k‡K mwPÎ mÜvbx be ch©v‡q †eiæ‡bvi †Zvo‡Rvo PjvKvjxb MvRx mv‡ne‡K (m¤úv`K MvRx kvnveywÏb Avng`) Av‡M †_‡KB wPbZvg Zey KvBqyg fvB (wkíx KvBqyg †PŠayix), nK fvB (ˆmq` kvgmyj nK) Gu‡`i K_vq AvwgI Ry‡U †Mjvg|... ïiæ‡ZB Avgvi gv_vq wQj cy‡iv 64 c„ôvi GKUv KvM‡R h_vm¤¢e AvšÍR©vwZK gvb eRvq ivLv|Õ GK `ycy‡i Avwg wVKvbv LuyR‡Z LuyR‡Z †RvbvKx wm‡bgv n‡ji

Ryb 2018

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Ryb 2018

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Ryb 2018

23


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cieZ©x Rxe‡b ew¼gP›`ª Bs‡iwR mvwnZ¨ Mfxi Ges e¨vcKfv‡e Aa¨qb K‡ib| Gi d‡j cvðvZ¨ `k©b, ms¯‹…wZ, Av`k© BZ¨vw` m¤ú‡K© ew¼g Zx¶è Ávb jvf K‡ib; hv ew¼gP‡›`ªi wPšÍv-†PZbvq cÖfve †d‡j Ges ax‡i ax‡i ew¼g n‡q I‡Vb gy³ wPšÍvi, gy³ eyw×i GKRb gvbyl| cÖ_g Rxe‡b Bs‡iR Av`k© I AbyKiYwcÖqZv _vK‡jI, cwiYZ †hŠe‡b ew¼g Dwbk kZ‡Ki †i‡bmuvi gvbmcyÎ n‡q I‡Vb| G‡`‡k Drcbœ KuvPvgvj Pvjvb K‡i †`q we‡j‡Z| Avi Zv‡`i ¯^v‡_©B ˆZwi K‡i Bs‡iwR wk¶vq wkw¶Z GK`j fviZxq Kg©Pvix| Rb †gK‡j Zuvi weL¨vZ wk¶v welqK cÖe‡Ü †NvlYv K‡iwQ‡jbÑ We must do our best to form a class who may be interpreters between us and the millions whom we govern, a class of persons, Indian in blood and colour, but English in tastes, in opinions, in morals and in intellect.... (j¶ j¶ †jvK hv‡`i Avgiv kvmb Kwi, Zv‡`i Ges Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ †`vfvlxi KvR Kivi Rb¨ GKwU gva¨g m„wó Kivi cÖwZ Avgv‡`i mwe‡kl hZœevb n‡Z n‡e; Zviv n‡e Ggb GK †kÖwYi †jvK hviv ïay iO Avi i‡³i cwiP‡q fviZxq, wKš‘ iæwP, gZvgZ, bxwZÁvb Ges eywׇZ hviv n‡e Bs‡iR)| ¯^fveZB Giv ¯’~j ¯^v‡_©i Rb¨ Bs‡i‡Ri AbyMZ| cvðvZ¨ `k©b, Av`k© Ges wkw_j RxebvPv‡i AvK…ó n‡q kn‡ii m¤úbœ ga¨weË f`ª N‡i ÔeveyÕ bv‡g GK †kÖwYi gvbyl ˆZwi n‡qwQj| fviZxq, cviwm Ges Aí Bs‡iwR wk¶vi cÖfv‡e cÖvPxb a‡g© Av¯’vnxb n‡q Giv †fvM-myL-wejv‡mB w`b KvUvZ| ÔGB eveyiv w`‡b NygvBqv, Nywo DovBqv, eyjeywji jovB †`wLqv, †mZvi, GmivR, exb cÖf„wZ evRvBqv Kwe, nvc-AvKovB, cuvPvwj ïwbqv iv‡Î eviv½bvw`‡Mi Avj‡q Avj‡q MxZev`¨ I Av‡gv` Kwiqv Kvj KvUvBZ|Õ Bs‡i‡Ri †Zvlv‡gv`Kvix wn‡m‡e GB evey‡`i Avwef©ve| mgv‡R ZLb bvbv †kÖwYi gvby‡li bvbv gZev` Ges bvbv gZ‡f‡`i m~Pbv N‡U| GB ÔeveyÕ †kÖwYi gvbyl QvovI Bs‡iR I cvðvZ¨ gZv`‡k© cÖfvweZ I AbycÖvwYZ GK`j ZiæY-†Mvôxi Avwefv©e N‡U| Giv ÔBqs †e½j `jÕ bv‡g cwiwPZ wn›`y K‡j‡Ri ZiæY wk¶K wW‡ivwRIi fvewkl¨ ev gZvbymvix| Giv DMÖ AvaywbK| GQvovI `yÕ‡Uv `j j¶ Kiv hvq| GK`j cÖvPxb-cš’x| wn›`y a‡g©i Av`k© Ges kv¯¿xq Abykvm‡bi †eovRv‡j mgvR‡K cwiPvwjZ Ki‡Z cÖqvmx| Avi GK`j be¨ ms¯‹viev`x| Giv mgv‡Ri g½‡ji Rb¨, gvby‡li Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ kv¯¿ wKsev ag©xq gZv`k© ev Abykvmb hZUzKz cÖ‡qvRb, wVK ZZUzKzB MÖnY Ki‡Z cÖ¯‘Z| evwKUv eR©‡b AvMÖnx| Gu‡`i g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg cÖavb mgvR-ms¯‹viK wQ‡jb ivRv ivg‡gvnb ivq (1774-1833)| a‡g©i †¶‡Î Zuvi gZÑ wbivKvi cig eª‡þi Dcvmbv| †m ‡¶‡Î Dckv¯¿mg~n cwiZ¨vM K‡i g~j kv‡¯¿ cÖZ¨veZ©‡b c¶cvZx wZwb| wk¶v †¶‡ÎÑ BD‡ivcxq Ávb-weÁv‡bi we‡kl Abykxjb; mvgvwRK †¶‡ÎÑ hv AwbóKi Zv cÖvPxb n‡jI eR©b K‡i †jvKwnZKi Abyôv‡bi cÖeZ©b Kiv Ges ivRbxwZi †¶‡ÎÑ Dominion status-Gi gZ GKUv wKQyi cÖZ¨vkv wQj ivg‡gvnb iv‡qi| GB bvbv †kÖwYi bvbv gZev‡`i Avwef©v‡ei d‡j Ebwesk kZ‡Ki †Mvovi w`K †_‡KB mgv‡R †`Lv †`q Av`wk©K AšÍØ©›Ø Ges AšÍK©jn| Gi d‡j e¨w³ gvb‡m †`Lv w`‡q‡Q `viæY wech©q| †`‡ki AwaKvsk Rbmvavi‡Yi mv‡_ bZzb eyw×Rxex †kÖwY I wPšÍvbvqK‡`i G Kvi‡Y NwbôZv n‡q I‡Vwb| Bs‡iR cÖewZ©Z wk¶ve¨e¯’v GB e¨eavb‡K AviI `„pZi K‡i| mvgvwRK AvPi‡Yi GB AšÍwe©‡iva Zuv‡`i ivRbxwZK AvPi‡Yi g‡a¨I cÖKU n‡q I‡V| GB AgxgvswmZ mgm¨vi wbišÍi †e`bv`vqK †PZbv bZzb wPšÍvbvqK‡`i g‡a¨ Aíwe¯Íi eZ©gvb wQj| ivg‡gvnb iv‡qi eyw×MZ we‡`ªvn †_‡K hvÎv ïiæ K‡i, we`¨vmvM‡ii

(1820Ñ1891) Avg‡j G we‡`ªv‡ni we¯Í…wZ I MfxiZv AwZµg K‡i ew¼gP‡›`ªi (1838Ñ1894) hy‡MI G e¨eavb Ae¨vnZ _v‡K| Ggwb GK AšÍK©jngq mgv‡R hy‡Mi gvbmcyÎ wn‡m‡e ew¼gP‡›`ªi Avwef©ve| wkímvwn‡Z¨i †¶‡Î hLb GB welq-†PZbv, ¯’vb-Kvj †PZbv weKvk jvf KiwQj, hLb AvZ¥cÖKv‡ki PvÂj¨ mgv‡Ri me©v‡½ Abyf~Z nw”Qj Ges †h gyn~‡Z© mvgvwRK fvimvg¨ ixwZgZ ¶zYœ n‡Z PjwQjÑ †mB hyM-mwܶ‡Y ew¼gP‡›`ªi Kg© I mvwnZ¨Rxe‡bi m~ÎcvZ| 1838 mv‡ji 26 Ryb ˆbnvwUi KuvUvj cvovq ew¼gP›`ª Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| evev hv`e P›`ª †gw`bxcy‡ii †WcywU Kv‡j±i c‡` DbœxZ n‡j ew¼gP›`ª Qq eQi eq‡m †gw`bxcyi P‡j Av‡mb Ges †gw`bxcy‡ii Bs‡iwR ¯‹z‡ji cÖavb wk¶K Gd UxW-Gi Aby‡cÖiYvq wZwb Zuvi ¯‹z‡j fwZ© nb| cÖK…Zc‡¶ GLv‡bB ew¼‡gi wk¶vRxe‡bi ïiæ| †Q‡j‡ejv‡ZB GLv‡b Bs‡iR cwiev‡ii mv‡_ ew¼‡gi †gjv‡gkv Kivi my‡hvM N‡U| djZ ew¼‡gi wkïg‡bi Dci Bs‡iwR wk¶vi cÖfve c‡o| Bs‡iR‡`i GB cÖZ¨¶ ms¯ú‡k©i Kvi‡Y ew¼‡gi wkïg‡b Bs‡iR-†PZbv Ges Bs‡i‡Ri AbyKiY †cÖiYv †`Lv †`q| cieZ©x Rxe‡b ew¼gP›`ª Bs‡iwR mvwnZ¨ Mfxi Ges e¨vcKfv‡e Aa¨qb K‡ib| Gi d‡j cvðvZ¨ `k©b, ms¯‹…wZ, Av`k© BZ¨vw` m¤ú‡K© ew¼g Zx¶è Ávb jvf K‡ib; hv ew¼gP‡›`ªi wPšÍv-†PZbvq cÖfve †d‡j Ges ax‡i ax‡i ew¼g n‡q I‡Vb gy³ wPšÍvi, gy³ eyw×i GKRb gvbyl| cÖ_g Rxe‡b Bs‡iR Av`k© I AbyKiYwcÖqZv _vK‡jI, cwiYZ †hŠe‡b ew¼g Dwbk kZ‡Ki †i‡bmuvi gvbmcyÎ n‡q I‡Vb| Zuvi g‡a¨ Rb¥ †bq ¯^vRvZ¨‡eva| ew¼gP‡›`ªi cÖ_gw`‡Ki mvwnZ¨-Rxe‡bi AšÍiv‡j †`‡ki mvaviY cwiw¯’wZ Ges ivR‰bwZK AvenvIqv ¶zä n‡Z Avi¤¢ K‡i| c‡ii w`‡K Zv Mfxi Av‡jvo‡bi m„wó K‡i| GB ch©v‡q ew¼gP›`ª Zuvi iPbvi gva¨‡g bvbvwea mvgvwRK Av‡›`vj‡b AskMÖnY K‡ib| Zuvi wkíK‡g©i Dci GB mvaviY cwi‡e‡ki cÖfve Ab¯^xKvh©| ew¼gP‡›`ªi ¯^‡`k †PZbvi g~j wfwËB nj ewnk©vmb we‡ivwaZv| fviZel©‡K kvmb Ki‡e fviZxq es‡kv™¢~Z †Kvb bvMwiK, GgbUvB Avkv Ki‡Zb ew¼g| †Kvb ewnivM‡Zi kvmbe¨e¯’vq wZwb mš‘ó bb †gv‡UB| 1757 mv‡ji ci †_‡K fvi‡Zi kvmb e¨e¯’v P‡j hvq Bs‡i‡Ri nv‡Z| w`b hvq, Bs‡i‡Ri cÖwZ fviZxq‡`i Am‡šÍvl `vbv euva‡Z _v‡K| wb‡Ri nxb ¯^v_© PwiZv_© Kivi Rb¨ Bs‡iR hv‡K wkw¶Z K‡i Zzjj; †mB wkw¶Z evOvwjB d«v‡¼b÷vB‡bi gZ gwb‡ei weiæ‡× iæ‡L `uvovj| Bs‡iRivI K‡Vvi g‡bvfv‡ei AwaKvix n‡q DVj| D”P wkw¶Z evOvwj ÔeveyiÕ PvKwii ms¯’vb Kiv Lye KwVb mgm¨vi welq n‡q `uvovj| 1850 mvj †_‡KB wkw¶Z ga¨weË m¤cÖ`v‡qi myL¯^cœ fvO‡Z Avi¤¢ Kij| 1857 mv‡j wmcvnx we‡`ªv‡ni ci bZzb kvmb KvVv‡gvq wkw¶Z fviZxq‡`i ¯’vb µgk ¶xY n‡q c‡o| 1859 mv‡j evsjvq GK e¨vcK Pvlx-Av‡›`vjb msNwUZ nq| BwZnv‡m hv Ôbxj we‡`ªvnÕ bv‡g L¨vZ| cÖvq 50 j¶ †jvK GK‡hv‡M ag©NU K‡i| Ebwesk kZ‡Ki Aóg `k‡Ki gvSvgvwS evsjv I wenv‡i fqven `ywf©¶ †`Lv †`q Ges 1877 mv‡j †ev¤^vB, gv`ªvR, nvq`ivev`, gnxk~i Ges Ab¨vb¨ ¯’v‡b `yB j¶ eM©gvBj GjvKve¨vcx `ywf©¶ †`Lv †`q, hv‡Z cÖvq 52 j¶ †jvK g„Zz¨gy‡L cwZZ nq| †`‡ki GB fqven wech©q‡K D‡c¶v K‡i

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hyMhš¿Yvi †cÖ¶vc‡U †jLv ew¼gP‡›`ªi Ôe‡›`gvZig&Õ msMxZ fviZxq ¯^v‡`wkK Av‡›`vj‡b DËvc hywM‡q‡Q| GKwUgvÎ Mvb‡K †K›`ª K‡i, GKwU RvwZi Rxe‡b Ggb wekvj Av‡jvob m¤¢eZ Avi †Kvb †`‡k nqwb| Avb›`gV Dcb¨vm †jLvi cÖvq Qq eQi Av‡M 1875 mv‡j †jLv n‡qwQj Ôe‡›`gvZig&Õ MvbwU| ew¼gP›`ª g‡b Ki‡ZbÑ MvbwUi ¸iæZ¡ mgKv‡ji gvbyl wVKgZ bv eyS‡jI fwel¨‡Zi evOvwj Dcjwä Ki‡e| Mfb©‡g›U ZLb wØZxq AvdMvb hy‡×i (1879) Av‡qvRb KiwQ‡jb Ges `ywf©¶ wbevi‡Yi Rb¨ msM„nxZ A_© hy‡×i Znwe‡j `vb K‡ib| Ab¨w`‡K gnvivwb wf‡±vwiqv‡K ÔfviZ mgªvÁxÕ e‡j †NvlYv Kivi Rb¨ AvûZ w`wjøi `iev‡ii mgv‡ivn (1877) wkw¶Z mgv‡Ri g‡b Zxeª cÖwZwµqvi m„wó K‡i| mvgwqKc‡Î I ˆ`wbKc‡Î Gi K‡Vvi mgv‡jvPbv I Zxeª wb›`v n‡Z _v‡K| wewfbœ cÖ‡`‡ki Rbmvavi‡Yi g‡a¨ ¯^vRvZ¨‡eva, ¯^RvwZcÖxwZ, mg‡e`bv I HK¨‡eva M‡o I‡V| GB Ø›Ø-we¶zä-msNvZ-hš¿Yvgq Kv‡jiB mšÍvb, AvaywbK evsjv Z_v fvi‡Zi me©cÖ_g ivóª‡eËv, wPšÍvbvqK, mvwnZ¨-mgªvU ew¼gP›`ª| ¯^fveZB †m hyMhš¿Yvi DËvc Quy‡qwQj ew¼‡gi †PZbv-¯Íi‡K Ges Zuvi wfZiI R‡b¥wQj ¯^vRvZ¨‡eva I ¯^‡`kcÖxwZ; hv Zuvi K‡g©, mvwn‡Z¨ cÖKvwkZ| Zuvi cÖ_g w`KKvi mvwn‡Z¨ Bs‡iR we‡Øl ZZUv cÖKU bv n‡jI cwiYZ eq‡mi mvwn‡Z¨ Zv Zxeª N„Yvi ewntcÖKvk NUvq| ew¼gP‡›`ªi G ¯^‡`k wPšÍvi ¯^iƒc eyS‡Z n‡j ¯^vaxbZv m¤ú‡K© ew¼‡gi mywbw`©ó gZvgZ Kx, Zv Rvbv `iKvi| ÔfviZe‡l©i ¯^vaxbZv I civaxbZvÕ cÖe‡Ü ew¼gP›`ª wj‡L‡QbÑ Ôev½vwj Bs‡iwR cwoqv G wel‡q `yBwU K_v wjwLqv‡Qb- Liberty, Independence| Zvnvi Abyev‡` Avgiv ¯^vaxbZv I ¯^Zš¿Zv `yBwU K_v cvBqvwQ| A‡b‡KiB g‡b †eva Av‡Q †h, `yBwU k‡ã GK c`v_©‡K eySvq| ¯^RvwZi kvmbvaxb Ae¯’v‡KB Bnv eySvq, GBwU mvaviY cÖZxwZ| ivRv hw` wfbœ †`kxq n‡qb, Z‡e Zuvnvi cÖRvMY civaxb Ges †mB ivR¨ ciZš¿| GB †nZz, G¶‡Y Bs‡i‡Ri kvmbvaxb fviZel©‡K civaxb I ciZš¿ ejv wMqv _v‡K| GB Rb¨ †gvMjw`‡Mi kvwmZ fviZel©‡K ev †mivRD‡ÏŠjvi kvwmZ ev½vjv‡K civaxb ev ciZš¿ ejv wMqv _v‡K| GBiƒc ms¯‹v‡ii mg~jKZv we‡ePbv Kiv hvDK|Õ DwjøwLZ gZ ew¼g me©vs‡k mg_©b K‡ibwb| G cÖe‡ÜB Zvi D‡jøL cvBÑ ÔkvmbKË©v wfbœ RvZxq nB‡jB ivR¨ ciZš¿ nBj bv| c¶všÍ‡i, kvmbKË©v ¯^RvZxq nB‡jB ivR¨ †h ¯^Zš¿ nq bv, ZvnviI A‡bK D`vniY †`Iqv hvB‡Z cv‡i|Õ kvmbKZ©v ¯^‡`kxq ev wfb‡`kxq †mUv eo K_v bq; ew¼‡gi g‡ZÑ ivR¨ nIqv DwPr cÖRvcxob-k~b¨| †m wn‡m‡eB wZwb mgªvU AvKe‡ii kvwmZ fviZel©‡K ¯^Zš¿ I ¯^vaxb e‡j‡Qb| Bs‡iR kvm‡bi d‡j fviZe‡l© weÁvb I mvwnZ¨ PP©vi DrKl© NU‡jI Rbg‡b bvbv Am‡šÍvl `vbv †eu‡awQj| ew¼‡gi `„wó‡Z fviZel© civaxb wQj| ZLbKvi kvmK wQj wfb‡`kxq Ges weRvZxq| Zvi Dci cÖRvcxob wQj eZ©gvb| G QvovI Ab¨ †`‡k Ae¯’vb K‡i kvmK kvmbKvh© cwiPvjbv K‡i| BZ¨vKvi bvbvwea Kvi‡Y fviZel© wQj me©vs‡k civaxb| GB civaxbZvi k„•Lj †f‡O †`k‡K gy³ I ¯^vaxb Kievi eªZ MÖnY K‡ib ZrKvjxb cÖwZwU we‡eKevb gvbyl| mvgwqKc‡Î, mvwn‡Z¨, bvbv cÖe‡Ü-wbe‡Ü Zvi cÖwZev` aŸwbZ nq| evOvwji Rxeb‡K cÖvP¨ I cvðvZ¨ Av`‡k©i wgjb-f~wg‡Z ¯’vcb K‡i gbbkxj mvwnZ¨, K_vmvwnZ¨, †`k I `‡ki K_v cÖf„wZi ga¨ w`‡q wZwb evOvwj‡K Ebwesk kZvãxi Rxebim I cÖvYevYx‡Z DØy× K‡iwQ‡jb| evOvwji gb‡K gb‡bi Øviv my`„p K‡i, ms¯‹vi‡K hyw³i Øviv wbqwš¿Z K‡i, cªvPxb BwZnvm‡K cybiæ×vi K‡i, ¯^v‡`wkK gš¿`x¶v w`‡q wZwb †h bZzb gvbe-†ev‡ai cš’v wb‡`©k K‡ib, GK kZvãxi evOvwj †m c_ a‡iB PjwQj| ew¼gP‡›`ªi e½`k©b (1872)

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Nwo-AvK…wZi Wªvg hv †QvU avZe KvwV w`‡q evRv‡bv nq| KzwoAvƇgi ¯^icÖ‡ÿc †KŠkj AZxe D”Pv‡½iÑ myM¤¢xi myjwjZ g‡š¿v”PviY Abvqvm bvU¨gyn~‡Z©i m„wó K‡i| KzwoAvƇgi HwZn¨ cÖvq `yÕnvRvi eQ‡ii cyi‡bv e‡j aviYv Kiv nq| Z‡e mywbw`©ó cÖgvY cvIqv hvq nvRvi eQi Av‡MKvi| beg kZvãx‡Z †Pi ivRes‡ki Kzj‡kLi eg©‡Yi kvmbvg‡j Zuvi c„ô‡cvlKZvq KzwoAvÆg cybR©xeb jvf K‡i| wZwb G‡Z bZzb gvÎv †hvM K‡ib| bvU‡Ki ïiæ‡Z GKRb we`~lK ¯’vbxq gvjqvjg fvlvq ivRv‡K e¨½ K‡i mgmvgwqK bvbv mvgvwRK NUbvi mim e³e¨ cÖ`vb K‡ib| GB e¨½vZ¥K mvgvwRK gšÍe¨ Ges ¯’vbxq fvlv e¨envi G bvU¨gÂvq‡b GK bZzb e¨Äbvi m„wó K‡i| Zey wesk kZvãxi cÖ_gfv‡M KzwoAvÆg mvaviY gvby‡li Kv‡Q AwZ mvgvb¨B cwiwPZ wQj| G mgq †h-me ¸Yx gvby‡li n¯Í‡ÿ‡c GwU weKvkjvf K‡i Zv‡`i g‡a¨ gwYgvae †PvwKqvi, Av¤§veyi gvae †PvwKqvi Ges cvBbKzjg ivg †PvwKqv‡ii bvg D‡jøL‡hvM¨| Zuv‡`i Kv‡Ri gva¨‡g GB bvU¨avivwU gw›`‡ii mxgvbv Qvwo‡q evB‡i Av‡m, GgbwK †`‡ki evB‡i AvšÍR©vwZK cwigЇj cwiwPwZ jvf K‡i| KzwoAvÆg mvaviYZ K‡qK ivZ a‡i

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Zv‡K wK gwnjv ejv P‡j? bvix? bvn&, †g‡q‡`i eqm wbY©‡qi KvRUv †gv‡UB mnR bq| Ômy›`ixÕ e‡j †NvlYv †`Iqv hZ mnR, ZZUv †gv‡UB bq| ˆkke †_‡K ˆK‡kvi GgbwK Zviæ‡Y¨i eviv›`v ch©šÍ GKiKg; †hŠe‡bi wcw”Qj wmuwo‡Z cv w`‡jB mvg‡b A_B mgyÏyi, Aeva muvZvi; †K Zvi Zov cvq, aiv cvq! †K ej‡e evwjKv K‡e hyeZx nj, KLb nj †g‡qgvbyl! KvRjvcv‡oi NygšÍ †g‡qwUi e¯¿nxb D‡`vg kixi GZUv LyuwU‡q LyuwU‡q †`Lvi ciI mevB GKgZ n‡Z cv‡i bv Zvi eq‡mi cÖm‡½ G‡m| KZ n‡Z cv‡i Zvi eqmÑ evBk? ewÎk? weqvwjøk? †KD †KD †PvL Kcv‡j Zz‡j fve‡Z e‡mÑ Au¨v, weqvwjøkI n‡Z cv‡i? KviI KviI kix‡i euvab _v‡K e‡U, G‡Kev‡i wMu‡U wMu‡U AUzU _v‡K, evB‡ii jveY¨ †`‡L aivB hvq bvÑ Av‡`Š †Q‡jcy‡j n‡q‡Q wKbv| ¯Í‡bi wel‡q AwaK †KŠZ‚njx †jvKwU A‡bK¶Y weiwZi ci L¨vK L¨vK K‡i †n‡m Zvi weÁ AwfgZ †ck K‡iÑ Av‡i IUv Avevi †Kvb mgm¨v nj? †g‡q gvby‡li ey‡Ki MVb †`L‡jB me cwi®‹vi| eqm jyKv‡e †Kv_vq? †ek Zvn‡j hvI, Avi GKevi fvj K‡i †`‡L Gm Dj½ †g‡qUvi eyK| Zvici ej Zvi eqm KZ? Dcw¯’Z A‡b‡KB †P‡c a‡i we‡kl AwfÁ †mB †jvKwU‡K| ZLb †m fxlY MuvB¸B ïiæ K‡i| cÖ¯Íve Abyhvqx Dj½ bvix‡`nwU cybe©vi cÖZ¨¶ Ki‡ZI hvIqv nq bv Zvi, Avevi f‡q f‡q eq‡mi Av›`vRI wKQz‡Z cÖKvk Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| GgZve¯’vq †g‡qwUi m¤¢ve¨ eqm wb‡q †h †hgb cv‡i gšÍe¨ K‡i, GgbwK wb‡Ri Ae¯’v‡b `uvwo‡q ZK©I Ry‡o †`qÑ bv bv wZwi‡ki Ic‡i †h‡ZB cv‡i bv| Gw`‡K w·ki Gcv‡i hv‡`i Ae¯’vb, ZvivI wcwQ‡q co‡Z ivwR bq| AKvU¨ cÖgvY wn‡m‡e Zviv AveviI †mB ¶Zwe¶Z bvix‡`‡ni w`‡KB A½ywj wb‡`©k K‡i| Avevi †mB ey‡Ki eY©bv, ¯Íbe„šÍ †Kvbw`‡K †n‡j c‡o‡Q wK bv, IB e„‡šÍi †Mvovq L‡qwi e„‡Ëi AvqZb KZUv, Zj‡c‡Ui Pvgovq fuvR c‡o‡Q wKbvÑ BZ¨vKvi ch©‡e¶‡Yi dj Ny‡iwd‡i D‡V Av‡m| K_vi wc‡V K_v Av‡m, K`h©c~Y© ZK©vZwK© R‡g I‡V, wKš‘ cÖK…Z eq‡mi wKbviv nq bv wKQz‡ZB| A_P GK_v †Zv mwZ¨Ñ G eq‡mi bvix cÖvq me evwo‡ZB Av‡Q| Avgv‡`i MÖv‡g †Zv e‡UB, me MÖv‡g cÖvq me N‡i N‡i GB eq‡mi bvixivB N‡ii LyuwU n‡q msmv‡ii †evSv Kuv‡a †bq, So-SvcUv mvgjvq, mšÍvb jvjb-cvjb K‡i, cyiæ‡li †Pv‡L bZzb ¯^‡cœi Av‡jvKjZv Qwo‡q †`q; wKš‘ cÖKvk¨ w`ev‡jv‡K KvRjvcv‡o ï‡q _vKv GB wee¯¿ bvix‡K †KD wPb‡ZB cv‡i bv| Avkcv‡ki MÖvg †_‡K Avmv †jvKRb ci¯ú‡ii gyL PvIqvPvIwq K‡i, wKš‘ †gv‡UB kbv³ Ki‡Z cv‡i bvÑ †g‡qwU †K? KviI †hb g‡bB c‡o bvÑ Av‡M †Kv_vI Zv‡K †`‡L‡Q wKbv| NUbvi AKz¯’j †h‡nZz Avgv‡`i MÖv‡gi KvRjvcvo, Zvn‡j G MÖv‡gi †KD bv †KD Zv‡K wPb‡e †Zv! hw` G MÖv‡gi †g‡q nq Zvn‡j †Zv K_vB †bB; GB ay‡jvgvwUi ivOvc_, GB meyR gvV, ebebvbx, GB †h D‡Vv‡bi †Kv‡Y KjvMv‡Qi Svo, †Mva~wj‡ejvq N‡i‡div cvwLi SuvKÑ GB meB Zvi Av‰kk‡ei †Pbv| Ggb `ytmg‡q Zv‡K †KD wPb‡e bv? MÖv‡gi gvbyl wK GZ mn‡R †Pv‡Li c`©v D‡ë †dj‡Z cv‡i? ZvB m¤¢e? G MÖv‡gi †g‡q bv n‡q hw` KviI evwoi eD nq, Zv‡ZB-ev Kx Av‡m hvq! eD‡qi Aveªæ-B¾Z i¶vi K_v †KD fve‡e bv! D‡`vg AvKv‡ki wb‡P c‡o Av‡Q †g‡qwUi e¯¿nxb †`n, G `„k¨ KvD‡K GKUzLvwb jw¾ZI K‡i bv? BDwc †Pqvig¨vb †gvUimvB‡Kj fUfwU‡q G‡m KvRjvcv‡o `xN©¶Y `uvwo‡q bMœ bvixi †mŠ›`h©-myavq gMœ n‡q _v‡K, GK mgq †KivgZ †g¤^vi G‡m a¨vbf½ NUvqÑ Bi Avevi †cv÷g‡U©g jvM‡e bvwK wPqvig¨vb mve? †Pqvig¨vb mivmwi †Kvb DËi bv w`‡q cÖ_‡g b¨vUv †PŠwK`v‡ii †LuvR K‡i| MÖv‡g GZ eo NUbv N‡U hvevi ciI MÖvg¨ †PŠwK`v‡ii †Kvb f‚wgKv _vK‡e bv GUv †Zv nq bv| bv‡Kgy‡L b¨vKov †P‡c b¨vUv †PŠwK`vi nvwRi n‡j Zv‡K cvVvq _vbv cywj‡ki Kv‡Q| Zvici †KivgZ †g¤^v‡ii Kuv‡a nvZ †i‡L †Pqvig¨vb ¸iæM¤¢xi gy‡L e‡jÑ Avb-b¨vPvivj †W_| †`Lv hvK Kx Kiv hvq!


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Rwg‡b| Zvi †`‡ni wbgœvsk ZLbI Av‡Mi gZB Abve„Z| Zv wb‡q gwZRvb eoB weeªZ, m¼zwPZ, KzwÉZ| mvZmKv‡j mg‡eZ †KŠZ‚njx hyeK‡`i g‡a¨ Kv‡K †hb nvZ Bkvivq †W‡K †m e‡jÑ Kvco-†Pvco GKUv wKQz Avwb †`bv evc, Avgvi †gwqWvi MvÕi Ic‡i †`e| gwZRv‡bi †g‡q? Pg‡K D‡V mK‡j| †PvL iM‡o fvj K‡i ZvKvq| gwZRv‡bi †g‡q gv‡b †Zv †mB KzjQzg! gv_v Lvivc! GB MÖv‡g Rb¥, GB ay‡jvgvwU‡Z †e‡o IVv KzjQzg‡K G MÖv‡gi †jvKRb wPb‡e bv? Zvi †Kvb LeiB Rvb‡e bv? ej‡jB nj! AvZ¥xqZvi m¤úK© _vK ev bv _vK, MÖv‡gi gvby‡li Ic‡i Uvb _vK‡e bv? †KD KviI †LuvRLei ivL‡e bv, ZvB nq! XvKvq ivbv cøvRvi aŸsmjxjvi Lei wb‡q hLb mviv `ywbqvq †Zvjcvo ïiæ nq, ZLb †Zv G MÖv‡gi †jvKRb nvZ ¸wU‡q e‡m _v‡Kwb| GKveŸimn AviI †h `yÕPviR‡bi †gvevBj b¤^i †RvMvo Kiv m¤¢e n‡q‡Q, Zv‡`i m‡½ †hvMv‡hv‡Mi †Póv Kiv, LeivLei msMÖn KivÑ mva¨gZ meB K‡i‡Q MÖv‡gi gvbyl| Kx K‡iwb? †Q‡j‡g‡qi wPšÍvq Db¥vw`bxcÖvq gwZRvb †eIqv‡KI GKw`b Zviv XvKvi †Kv‡P DwV‡q w`‡q‡Q| †mB gvbyl mevi Aj‡¶¨ XvKv †_‡K wd‡i G‡m mnmv G iKg bvUK Ki‡j mevB gvb‡e †Kb? MÖv‡gi †jvKRb wK XvKvi †LuvRLei wKQzB iv‡L bv? cv‡ki MÖv‡gi †kdvwj nvZ-cv †_uZ‡j Avagiv n‡q evwo wd‡i‡Q, Zv‡K †`L‡Z hvqwb Zviv? GKveŸ‡ii LeiI †c‡q‡Q| †m fvjB Av‡Q| gviv †M‡Q KzjQz‡gi ¯^vgx| nvB¯‹zj gv‡Vi cPvMjv jv‡ki mvwi †_‡K Zvi g„Z‡`n bvwK kbv³ KivI m¤¢e n‡qwQj| wKš‘ bvbvwea ev¯Íe Amyweavi Kvi‡Y †mB jvk evwo ch©šÍ †U‡b Avb‡Z cv‡iwb| †mB jvk `vdb-Kvdb n‡q‡Q miKvwi ZË¡veav‡b| Avi GB KzjQz‡gi †Kvb Lei †bB, RxweZ ev g„Z †Kvb mÜvbB cvIqv hv‡”Q bv| KzjQz‡gi gv gwZRvb wKQz‡ZB cÖ‡eva gvb‡Q bv, w`bivZ ivbv cøvRvi aŸsm¯Í‚‡ci mvg‡b gv_v KzU‡Q| MÖv‡g GBme LeiB G‡m †cuŠ‡Q‡Q| †KŠZ‚njx mevB †m-me Rv‡bI| gq-gyiæweŸ‡`i g‡a¨ †KD †KD gwZRvb †eIqvi Rb¨ wRf PzKPzK K‡i Avd‡mvmI K‡i‡QÑ †ePviv GBevi †evanq cvMjB n‡q hv‡e| KzjQzg †h Zvi Rv‡bi UzK‡iv! Zv‡K Qvov euvP‡e Kx K‡i! cÖkœUv †h‡nZz euvPv-givi, Zvn‡j e¨vcvi †gv‡UB mvgvb¨ bq †mUv wVK; nq‡Zv msKU Av‡Q AviI Mfx‡i| wKš‘ ZvB e‡j mvZmKv‡j Nyg †_‡K D‡VB MÖvgevmx‡K G iKg GK bvU‡Ki gy‡LvgywL n‡Z n‡e, †m K_v †K fve‡Z †c‡i‡Q! `„k¨wU †ek bvUKxq e‡U| mšÍvbnviv GK †kvKwenŸj gv e‡m Av‡Q Avjy_vjy, `„wó Zvi fve‡jknxb, g„ZKb¨vi gv_v Zvi †Kv‡j, wb‡Ri ey‡Ki AuvPj w`‡q mšÍv‡bi Aveªæ i¶vi mwe‡kl cÖ‡PóvÑ G‡K gvbyl bvUKxq ej‡e bv? †ejv evo‡Z evo‡Z KvRjvcv‡oi Rgv‡q‡Z †jvKmsL¨vI evo‡Z _v‡K| bvbvRb G‡m bvbvb cÖ‡kœ †Rievi K‡i gwZRvb‡K| mevB wg‡j bvbvb hyw³‡Z †evSv‡Z †Póv K‡iÑ Kvj †_‡K †eAveªæ c‡o _vKv GB g„Z‡`nwU wKQz‡ZB Zvi Kb¨v KzjQz‡gi bq| KzjQzg‡K Zviv Av‰kke †ek fvj K‡iB †P‡b, G KzjQzg bq| †K †kv‡b Kvi K_v! G‡Kev‡i mnR-mij hyw³ gwZRvb †eIqviÑ `k gvm †c‡U a‡iwQ Avwg, ey‡Ki `ya LvI‡qwQ Avwg, ev‡ci Afve KLbI eyS‡Z w`Bwb, AvwgB evc, AvwgB gv; Avi Avwg wKbv Avgvi †gwq‡K wPbey bv! ce©Z-cÖgvY AUj wm×všÍ Zvi| mgv‡Ri gÐj-gvZzeŸi, †g¤^vi, †Pqvig¨vb, gmwR‡`i Bgvg ¸wQ‡q GKwÎZ n‡j †m mevi gy‡Li Ic‡i AbwZµg¨ GK cÖkœ Qz‡o †`qÑ Avgvi †gwqi RvbvRv n‡e bv? ci¯úi gyL PvIqvPvIwq Ki‡Z Ki‡Z mevi `„wó G‡m c‡o Bgvg mv‡n‡ei w`‡K| MZKvj wZwb IB †ec`©v bvixi ag©cwiPq Rvb‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jbÑ wn›`y bv gymjgvb! mšÍv‡bi cÖwZ gv‡qi ¯^xK…wZ †NvlYvi ci †mB cÖkœwU n‡q I‡V AevšÍi| eis gwZRv‡bi cÖkœwU Kv‡b Kv‡b AvQ‡o c‡oÑ RvbvRv n‡e bv? Bgvg mv‡n‡ei fq nq, DËi w`‡Z †`wi n‡j gwZRvb hw` nVvr nv-nv K‡i †n‡m I‡V! iwdKzi ikx` wkÿvwe`, cÖvewÜK

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wek^Kwe iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii †¯œnab¨, Kwei GK mg‡qi Avß mnKvwi, ˆeÁvwbK RM`xkP›`ª emy, AvPvh© cÖdzjøP›`ª iv‡qi Ab¨Zg †kÖô †gavex QvÎ, †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡Ri c`v_©weÁv‡bi cÖL¨vZ cÖ‡dmi, BwÛqvb ÷¨vwUw÷K¨vj Bbw÷wUDk‡bi cÖwZôvZv I ÔmsL¨vÕ mvgwqKxi cÖKvkK-m¤úv`K, cÖ‡dmi cÖkvšÍP›`ª gnjvbwe‡ki R‡b¥i GKk cuwPkZg eQ‡i Zuvi cÖwZ Avgv‡`i kÖ×vÄwj

kÖ×vÄwj

GKk cuwPkZg Rb¥e‡l© cÖkvšÍP›`ª gnjvbwek Zcb PµeZ©x

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wZwbB cÖ_g fviZxq whwb weªwUk ivR‡Z¡ jÛ‡bi †Kvb wek^we`¨vj‡qi cÖavb c‡` em‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| c‡i wZwb fvi‡Z wd‡i †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡R wdwRIjwR wefvM cÖwZôv K‡ib Ges GB wefv‡M cÖ‡dmi wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| wZwb KjKvZv wek^we`¨vj‡qi wm‡b‡U m`m¨ c‡`I e„Z nb| ¸iæPi‡Yi Kwbô mšÍvb cÖ‡evaP›`ª gnjvbwekI Kb©Iqvwj‡ki evmvq R‡b¥wQ‡jb| gnjvbwek cwievi cwðge‡½i Ab¨Zg mvs¯‹…wZK cwigЇji g‡a¨ _vKvq cÖkvšÍP›`ª eû gbxlxi mvwbœ‡a¨ Avmvi my‡hvM †c‡qwQ‡jb| cÖkvšÍP›`ª gnjvbwe‡ki wcZv cÖ‡evaP›`ª I gvZv wb‡ivaevwmbx| 1891 mv‡j Zuviv weevne܇b Ave× nb| wb‡ivaevwmbx b›`jvj miKv‡ii Kb¨v| wb‡ivaevwmbxi fvB weL¨vZ Wvt m¨vi bxjiZb miKvi| huvi bv‡g KjKvZvq †gwWK¨vj K‡jR I nvmcvZvj cÖwZwôZ i‡q‡Q| b›`jvj miKviI eªvþa‡g© `xwÿZ wQ‡jb| 1893 mv‡ji 29 Ryb cÖkvšÍP›`ª Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| wZwb evj¨Kv‡j eªvþ‡`i cwiPvwjZ ¯‹z‡j †jLvcov K‡ib| 1908 mv‡j cÖ‡ewkKv cixÿvq DËxY© nb| c‡i †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡jR †_‡K 1910 mv‡j B›UviwgwW‡qU I 1912 mv‡j weÁv‡b c`v_©weÁv‡b ¯œvZK m¤§vb wWwMÖ AR©b K‡ib| wZwb 1913 mv‡j jÛb wek^we`¨vj‡q covi j‡ÿ¨ jÛb Mgb K‡ib| †QvUKvj †_‡K cÖkvšÍP›`ª hyw³ev`x wQ‡jb| wZwb †h †Kvb welq‡K Pzj‡Piv we‡kølY Ki‡Zb| †mB m‡½ wZwb cwikxwjZ gbb I wbg©j ms¯‹…wZi PP©v Ki‡Zb| †h Kvi‡Y wZwb iex›`ªbv‡_i `„wó AvKl©Y K‡iwQ‡jb| cÖkvšÍP›`ª hLb jÛb †cŠuQvb ZLb MÖx®§Kvj| jÛb wek^we`¨vj‡q fwZ©i mgq AviI c‡i †`‡L wZwb K¨vw¤^ªR hvb| K¨vw¤^ªR †_‡K †divi mgq wZwb †Uªb †dj K‡i GK eÜzi evmvq ivZ KvUvb| †mLv‡b wZwb wKsm K‡j‡Ri GK Qv‡Îi m‡½ cwiwPZ nb| †mB Qv‡Îi Kv‡Q wKsm K‡j‡Ri m¤ú‡K© mg¨K AewnZ nb Ges wKsm K‡j‡R fwZ© nIqvi msKí †cvlY K‡ib| wKsm K‡jR †`‡L wZwb Awff~Z nb Ges †mLv‡b fwZ© cixÿvq e‡mb| wZwb fwZ© cixÿvq DËxY© nb| wZwb Avi jÛb wek^we`¨vj‡q hvbwb| wKsm K‡jR †_‡KB 1913 mv‡j cÖ‡ewkKv cvk K‡ib| GB K‡j‡RB 1914 mv‡j wZwb As‡K cvU© Iqv‡b UªvBcm cvk K‡ib| Gi ci wZwb cvV cwieZ©b K‡i cÖK…wZ weÁv‡bi UªvBcm-G fwZ© nb| cÖK…wZ weÁv‡b 1915 mv‡j cvU© Uz-†Z cÖ_g †kÖwY‡Z cvk K‡ib| GB mgq wKsm K‡jR Zuv‡K wmwbqi ¯‹jviwkc cÖ`vb K‡i| K¨vgweª‡R _vKvKv‡j Zuvi m‡½ gnvb cÖwZfvai A¼kv¯¿we` kÖxwbevm ivgvbyR‡bi wbweo eÜzZ¡ M‡o I‡V| cÖK…wZweÁv‡bi UªvBcm gnjvbwek c`v_©weÁv‡b we‡klÁ n‡q I‡Vb Ges K¨v‡fbwWm j¨v‡ev‡iUwi‡Z M‡elYv cÖKí cwiPvjbv K‡ib| wZwb 1915 mv‡j fvi‡Z wd‡i Av‡mb| †`‡k wd‡i M‡elYv cÖKí ïiæi c~‡e© wZwb ¯^íw`‡bi Rb¨ AeKvk hvcb K‡ib| Zuvi KvKv †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡Ri wdwRIjwRi cÖ‡dmi my‡evaP›`ª gnjvbwek cÖkvšÍP›`ª‡K K‡j‡Ri Aa¨‡ÿi m‡½ cwiwPZ Kivb| Aa¨ÿ †mB mg‡q Zuvi K‡j‡R c`v_©weÁvb wefv‡M k~b¨ c‡`i wecix‡Z ¯^í †gqv‡` Aa¨vcbvi Rb¨ cvÎ LuyRwQ‡jb| ZLb wek^hy× PjwQj| c`v_©weÁvb wefv‡Mi wmwbqi cÖ‡dmi ZLb hy‡×i Kv‡R wb‡qvwRZ wQ‡jb| gnjvbwek m¤§Z nb| Z‡e Zuvi B”Qv ¯^í‡gqv`x Aa¨vcbv †k‡l wZwb K¨vgweªR wd‡i cÖviä M‡elYvKg© m¤úbœ Ki‡eb| wZwb †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡R Aa¨vcbvi Kv‡R GZ wbweó n‡jb †h, K¨vgweªª‡R †divi cwiKíbv eR©b K‡ib| cwiKíbv Z¨v‡Mi †cQ‡b Aek¨ Ab¨ KviYI wQj| jÛb wek^we`¨vj‡q covi D‡Ï‡k¨ wM‡q AvKw¯§K †Uªb †dj Kivi Kvi‡Y †hgb wZwb wKsm K‡j‡Ri cÖwZ AvKwl©Z nb, †Zgwb c`v_©weÁv‡b Aa¨vcbv Ki‡Z wM‡q wZwb ÷¨vwUw÷Km ev cwimsL¨vbZË¡ ev msL¨vZ‡Ë¡i cÖwZ nVvr AvKl©Y †eva K‡ib| cÖkvšÍP›`ª †`‡k †divi Rb¨ Rvnv‡Ri A‡cÿvq wQ‡jb| wek^hy‡×i mgq m½Z Kvi‡Y wKQyB

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†jLK-Kwe‡`i `„wó AvKl©Y fviZ wewPÎvi mKj Kwe-†jLK-cÖ`vqK-Abyev`‡Ki `„wó AvKl©Y K‡i Rvbvw”Q †h, Avcbv‡`i cvVv‡bv hveZxq iPbvi m‡½ c~Y© wVKvbv, †gvevBj I B-†gBjmn e¨vsK GKvD‡›Ui bvg, GKvD›U b¤^i, e¨vs‡Ki bvg I kvLv D‡jøL Ki‡Z fzj‡eb bv| GLb †_‡K Avcbv‡`i bv‡g fviZxq nvB Kwgk‡bi †Kvb †PK Bmy¨ Kiv n‡e bv| Avcbv‡`i m¤§vbx mivmwi Avcbv‡`i e¨vsK GKvD‡›U Rgv n‡e| Kv‡RB D‡jøwLZ Z_¨ wbf©yj I ¯úó nIqv PvB| GZ`&msµvšÍ fz‡ji Rb¨ KZ…©cÿ `vqx n‡eb bv| Ñ m¤úv`K, fviZ wewPÎv 48

Ryb 2018

†`wk‡KvËg m¤§vb cÖvwßi ci eyamܨvi msea©bvq e³e¨ ivL‡Qb mg‡ik emy \ †Pqv‡i Dcweó mvMigq †Nvl

Qvc‡jb; mg‡ik emy‡K ïay †jLv Qvcv bq, PvKwiI w`‡Z PvB‡jb| mybxj M‡½vcva¨vq, kw³ P‡Ævcva¨vq, m›`xcb P‡Ævcva¨vq‡K w`‡q Dcb¨vm †jLv‡jbÑ Guiv ZLb g~jZ KweZvB wjL‡Zb| †jLvi my‡hvM K‡i w`‡jb ˆmq` gy¯Ívdv wmivR, kx‡l©›`y gy‡Lvcva¨vq, mg‡ik gRyg`vi, Aveyj evkvi, evYx emy, mywPÎv fÆvPvh©, Rq †Mv¯^vgx, nl© `ˇ`i| eZ©gvb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i i_x-gnvi_x‡`i cÖvq mevB mvMigq †Nv‡li Avwe®‹vi| mvM‡ii (co–b mvMig‡qi) AK…cY †mB Rj (co–b †¯œn)-ivwk evsjvi mvwnZ¨wfZ‡K memgq mÄxweZ K‡i‡Q| Zuvi RxerKv‡j †`k mvd‡j¨i wkLi¯úk© K‡i| ïay †jLK m„wó bq, †jLK‡`i `yw`©‡b Zuv‡`i cv‡kI `uvwo‡q‡Qb wZwb wbf©xKwP‡Ë| AkøxjZvi `v‡q cÖRvcwZ wbwl× n‡j mg‡ik emy‡K mvnm RywM‡q‡Qb, Avw_©K mvnvh¨ K‡i‡Qb| bxi` wm. †PŠayixi cÖe‡Ü ÔZ_vKw_Z evsjv‡`kÕ D‡jøwLZ nIqvq evsjv‡`‡k mvgwqKfv‡e †`k wbwl× n‡jI wZwb wQ‡jb AwePwjZ Ges †jL‡Ki gZcÖKv‡ki ¯^vaxbZvi cÖwZ kÖ×vkxj| PgrKvi †jLbxkw³ wQj mvMig‡qi| m¤úv`‡Ki ˆeV‡K, cig c~Rbxq, `ÐKvi‡Y¨i evN, GKwU †c‡i‡Ki Kvwnbx, nx‡ii bvKQvwe‡Z Zuvi nxiK`y¨wZ cvVK‡K PgwKZ K‡i wKš‘ Zv m‡Ë¡I wZwb wjL‡Z Drmvnx wQ‡jb bvÑ eis †jLK‡`i bZzb bZzb iPbvcv‡VB Zuvi AwaK AvMÖn wQj| 1983 mv‡j wek¦fviZx wek¦we`¨vjq GB ¸Yx m¤úv`K‡K Ô†`wk‡KvËgÕ m¤§v‡b f‚wlZ K‡i| Rxe‡bi †kl w`b ch©šÍ mvMigq mvwnZ¨RM‡Zi eÜz‡`i m‡½ wb‡f©Rvj AvÇvq mgq AwZevwnZ K‡i‡Qb| wbR¯^ cÖwZ‡e`b


Bw›`iv MvÜx mvs¯‹…wZK †K‡›`ªi A by ôv b gv jv 04 †g 2018 evsjv‡`k RvZxq Rv`yN‡i Bw›`iv MvÜx mvs¯‹…wZK †K›`ª (AvBwRwmwm) Av‡qvwRZ msMxZmܨvq †mwjbv AvRv`-Gi AvaywbK evsjv Mvb cwi‡ekbv

05 †g 2018 Qvqvb‡U Bw›`iv MvÜx mvs¯‹…wZK †K›`ª (AvBwRwmwm) Av‡qvwRZ msMxZmܨvq kÖx weRbP›`ª wg¯¿xi D”Pv½ msMxZ cwi‡ekbv

12 †g 2018 Qvqvb‡U Bw›`iv MvÜx mvs¯‹…wZK †K›`ª (AvBwRwmwm) Av‡qvwRZ msMxZmܨvq mv`x †gvnv¤§‡`i iex›`ªmsMxZ cwi‡ekbv

12 †g 2018 evsjv‡`k RvZxq Rv`yN‡i Bw›`iv MvÜx mvs¯‹…wZK †K›`ª (AvBwRwmwm) Av‡qvwRZ Ave„wËmܨvq Qvqv Kg©Kv‡ii iex›`ªmsMxZ I wknve kvnwiqv‡ii Ave„wË cwi‡ekbv


Regd. No. DA 355 Bharat Bichitra June 2018

evwiavivi K‚U‰bwZK †Rv‡b fviZxq nvB Kwgk‡b bewbwg©Z P¨v‡Ýwi feb

fviZxq nvB Kwgk‡bi me©‡kl Z_¨ Rvb‡Z Avgv‡`i I‡qemvBU, †dmeyK, UzBUvi I BDwUDe wbqwgZ wfwRU Kiæb, jvBK w`b I UzBU d‡jv Kiæb:

www.hcidhaka.gov.in /IndiaInBangladesh @ihcdhaka /HCIDhaka

Bharat Bichitra June 2018  

Bharat Bichitra: The High Commission of India has been publishing a Bengali literary monthly magazine 'Bharat Bichitra' for the last 45 year...

Bharat Bichitra June 2018  

Bharat Bichitra: The High Commission of India has been publishing a Bengali literary monthly magazine 'Bharat Bichitra' for the last 45 year...

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