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High Chommission of India, Dhaka

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www.hcidhaka.gov.in; /IndiaInBangladesh @ihcdhaka; /HCIDhaka

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GKv‡WwgK Awdm: academicsftii@ gmail.com Av‡e`bcÎ Rgv`v‡bi †kl mgq wQj 30 Ryb 2018|

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A`~i fwel¨‡ZB fviZ eûwea cwieZ©‡bi m¤§yLxb n‡Z P‡j‡Q, eyS‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb wZwb| bvwZ‡K wbRvgvev‡`i D`y© gv`ªvmvq cov‡bvi e‡›`ve¯Í Ki‡jb Ggb GK mg‡q, hLb gv`ªvmv¸‡jvB wQj MÖvgv‡j wk¶vjv‡fi GKgvÎ ¯’vb| ivû‡ji mgmvgwqK AviI A‡b‡KB (†hgb gybwk †cÖgP›`) c‡o‡Qb GB D`y© ¯‹zj¸wj‡ZB| Zuvi ÔgyÐbÕ-Gi mgq mvibv‡_i av‡gK aŸsmve‡k‡li cvk w`‡q †Uª‡b P‡o hvIqvi ¯§„wZ wj‡L wM‡q‡Qb ivûj| wj‡L wM‡q‡Qb †jvwiK bv‡gi Avwni-Gi K_v, `yB wekvj Nov fwZ© `ya wb‡q †Kgb jvwd‡q jvwd‡q av‡g‡Ki wmuwo †e‡q bvgwQj †m| gRvi K_v GB, †m w`‡bi wkï †K`vi wZb `kK c‡i wd‡i G‡mwQ‡jb GKB RvqMvq, †eŠ× cybify¨`‡qi mg_©K ivûj mvsK…Z¨vqb wn‡m‡e| gnv‡evwa †mvmvBwUi g~jMÜKzwU wenv‡ii D‡Øva‡b ag©cvj‡K mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb wZwb †mevi| cÖZœZvwË¡K LbbKv‡h© Rvbv †M‡Q, GB RvqMv‡ZB wQj A‡kv‡Ki av‡gK ¯Í‚c| wZwik eQi a‡i, GKUz GKUz K‡i MÖvg¨ wK‡kvi †K`vi n‡q D‡VwQj ivûj mvsK…Z¨vqb bv‡gi GK cwiYZ wPšÍK| whwb GKB m‡½ Kg©x I cwÐZ| Zuvi cwiev‡i GB mvi¯^Z mvabvi mg_©b †mfv‡e wQj bv| wb‡Ri cvwievwiK ÔmsK…wZÕ †MvÎ m¤ú‡K© ivûj GKevi gRv K‡i e‡jwQ‡jb, Zuvi c~e©cyiæl‡`i g‡a¨ D”Pwk¶vi A‡f¨m †kl n‡q wM‡qwQj ga¨hy‡MB, hLb aªæc`x ms¯‹…Z fvlvi m‡½ †hvM wQbœ K‡i Zuviv wb‡R‡`i KZK¸‡jv MÖvg¨ I Ams¯‹…Z bvg w`‡qwQ‡jb| miKvwi e„wËi Afv‡e ivû‡ji cÖ_vMZ wk¶v †kl nj D`y© wgWj ¯‹z‡jB| Ab¨ AviI A‡bK cyiweqvi gZB †K`vi evwo Qvo‡jb, ZLb Zuvi †Z‡iv eQi eqm| G‡jb KjKvZv kn‡i| KjKvZvi iv¯Ívq wZwb ZLb Rxeb, Ávb Avi A¨vW‡fÂvi Lyu‡R †eov‡”Qb| RxweKv wbe©v‡ni Rb¨ bvbvb KvR K‡i‡Qb, n‡q‡Qb †dwiIqvjv, †i‡ji †nívi, KLbI-ev KviI iuvaywbI| KjKvZvi c‡_i AwfÁZv Zuv‡K G‡Kev‡i cvj‡U w`j| GB kniB Zuv‡K ivRbxwZ-m‡PZb K‡i Zzjj, mRvM Kij †ivRKvi †eu‡P _vKvi jovB wb‡qI| iv¯Ívi mvBb‡evW©, †cv÷vi †`‡L †`‡L wZwb Bs‡iwR co‡Z wkL‡jb| Avi GB mg¯Í AwfÁZv †_‡KB eyS‡jb, Zuvi bv-†`Lv bZzb †h RMr c‡o Av‡Q, Zv‡K wZwb Rq Ki‡Z cvi‡eb ïay wb‡Ri cov‡kvbv, wk¶vi †hvM¨Zv w`‡qB| cov‡kvbvi my‡hvM †c‡jb evivYmx‡Z, Avi wenv‡ii Qvcivi Kv‡Q cvimv g‡V| GB g‡V Zuvi AšÍf©zw³ nj ÔD`vmxÕ mvay iv‡gv`i wn‡m‡e| wQbœ nj cwievi, evwoi euvab| c‡i ms¯‹…Z kv¯¿MÖš’vw` wb‡q cov‡kvbv Ki‡eb e‡j `w¶Y fvi‡Zi wZiæwgwk-i D‡Ï‡k¨ hvÎv Ki‡jb, †m hvÎvi A‡bKUv AskB †mªd cv‡q †nu‡U| gnvKvwe¨K GB hvÎvq ivûj eyS‡Z cvi‡jb, fviZ nj wbie‡kl GK f‚L‡Ði bvg, †hLv‡b cÖwZ Pvi †µvk AšÍi gvby‡li gy‡Li fvlv cvj‡U hvq| Avevi DËi fvi‡Z A‡hva¨vq wZwb AvK…ó n‡jb Avh©mgv‡Ri cÖwZ| jv‡nŠi Avi AvMÖvi ÔAvh© gymvwdi we`¨vjqÕ-Gi †eŠw×K QÎQvqvq wZwb †hb AwfhvÎx: w`wjø­‡Z wnw›` fvlvi †jLK‡`i m‡½ ˆeV‡K ivûj mvsK…Z¨vqb (Wvb w`K †_‡K wØZxq)

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RyjvB 2018

11


Qwe: Kzbvj eg©Y

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Avgvi K‡j‡Ri †Q‡j‡`i gviwe? ïfvwkm PµeZ©x

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RyjvB 2018


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RyjvB 2018


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RgvU AvÇvq wZbRbÑ DËgKzgvi, fvby e‡›`¨vcva¨vq I †mŠwgÎ P‡Ævcva¨vq

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Gfv‡e ni`g huv‡`i cv‡k `uvov‡Zb, Zuviv †KD AvZ¥xq wQ‡jb bv Dˇgi| A_P DËg cÖvqB Zuv‡`i AwffveK n‡q DV‡Zb, cÖvq GKvbœeZ©x cwiev‡ii †¯œncivqY `v`vi gZ| KZ †g‡qi †h we‡q w`‡q‡Qb, AvR Avi †m K_v †K-B ev g‡b iv‡L| gwY kÖxgvwbi gZ Awf‡bZvi hv‡Z Am¤§vb bv nq, †m Rb¨ Zuvi †g‡qi we‡qi UvKv wb‡R bv w`‡q dvskb K‡i Zz‡j w`‡qwQ‡jb DËg| ivmwenvix miKvi webv fvovq Ôwek¦iƒcvÕ njwU w`‡qwQ‡jb, †MvUv AbyôvbUv Av‡qvRb K‡iwQ‡jb fvB ZiæYKzgvi Avi mZ¨ e‡›`¨vcva¨vq| g~j AvKl©YB wQj Dˇgi Mv‡bi m‡½ AwmZei‡Yi Zejv| nBnB K‡i wUwKU wewµ nj Avi gwY kÖxgvwbi †g‡qiI we‡q n‡q †Mj| wec‡`-Avc‡` memgq A‡b¨i cv‡k `uvov‡Zb, eÜyi gZ nvZ evwo‡q w`‡Zb| †KvbI wkíx AcgvwbZ n‡j, KjvKzkjx‡`i †KvbI Amywe‡a n‡j, we‡klZ bx‡Pi w`‡K huviv, Zuv‡`i n‡q cÖwZev` Ki‡Zb| Avevi fevbxcy‡ii evwo‡Z aygavg K‡i j²xcy‡RvI Ki‡Zb mK‡ji m‡½| †mLv‡bI wZwb eo`v`v, cÖvq †hb AwffveK †MvUv evwoUvi| gvqvi euvab cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki m‡½| c`©vi evB‡i Zuvi GB RxebUv wb‡q GKUv eB wj‡L‡Qb A‡kvK emy, c`©vi evB‡ii gnvbvqK, Zv‡Z Dˇgi Rxe‡bi G iKg ARmª Abyl½| G¸wj Qvc †djZ Zuvi Awfb‡qI| A_P Avgiv †m-me †LqvjI ivwL bv| Awfbq Rxe‡bi ïiæ‡Z emy cwievi (1952), †h Qwe K‡i Dˇgi cÖwmw× nj cÖ_g, Avi G‡Kev‡i †k‡l `yB c„w_ex (1980)| GB `yÕwU Qwe‡ZB wZwb cwiev‡ii eo fvB, GKvbœeZ©x cwiev‡ii gv_v| Dˇgi evev wQ‡jb GKv †ivR‡M‡i, wm‡bgvn‡ji cÖ‡RKkb Acv‡iUi| d‡j h‡_ó ÷ªvMj †`‡L‡Qb DËg, D‡V G‡m‡Qb G‡Kev‡i mvaviY ga¨weË GKUv eo cwievi †_‡K| wb‡Ri cvwievwiK Rxeb Avi Awfbq Rxeb †hLv‡b GKvKvi, †m me Qwe‡Z Awf‡bZv wn‡m‡e Amvgvb¨ wZwb| ÷viWg, jvR©vi `¨vb jvBd ev †ivg¨vw›UK g¨vbvwiRg-

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wPimeyR DËg-mywPÎv RywU...

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cÖeÜ

eûgvwÎK gnvZ¥v KvOvj nwibv_ †idzj Kwig

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RyjvB 2018

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RyjvB 2018

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¯‹zj dvBbvj †k‡l iv‡Zi Lvev‡ii ci †ewi‡q c‡o igv| em‡šÍi nvIqvq †`q †`vj| b`xi cv‡o gw›`imsjMœ evwoi Aeiæ× ivRK‡b¨i D‡Ï‡k Quy‡o †`q, †ewi‡q G‡mv Kb¨v! g‡bi g‡a¨ weoweo K‡i| GKUv †h hyZmB kã Luy‡R †c‡q‡Q ZvB a‡iB †W‡K I‡V, Ô†`vj‡`vjv!Õ A‡c¶vq A‡c¶vq evwoi Av‡jv me ¶xY n‡q n‡q wgwj‡q hvq| iv¯Ívi evwZ¸‡jvI ¤øvb n‡q Av‡m| ivRKb¨vi Qvqv G‡m c‡o eviv›`vq| k‡ã ü`‡qi K_vwU ivRKb¨v AvR Rvwb‡q‡Q Zv‡K, Avwg †Zvgv‡K fvjevwm! †f‡m †eovq igvKvšÍ| fvjevmvi †KZb Iovq nvIqvq| mgq¸‡jv wKfv‡e cvi nq †h Zvi! kir †cwi‡q wM‡q kxZ Av‡m| Av‡m emšÍ| cwiP‡qi ¯Íi KZKI cvi nq Zvici| ¯‹zj dvBbvj †k‡l iv‡Zi Lvev‡ii ci †ewi‡q c‡o igv| em‡šÍi nvIqvq †`q †`vj| b`xi cv‡o gw›`imsjMœ evwoi Aeiæ× ivRK‡b¨i D‡Ï‡k Quy‡o †`q, †ewi‡q G‡mv Kb¨v! g‡bi g‡a¨ weoweo K‡i| GKUv †h hyZmB kã Luy‡R †c‡q‡Q ZvB a‡iB †W‡K I‡V, Ô†`vj‡`vjv!Õ A‡c¶vq A‡c¶vq evwoi Av‡jv me ¶xY n‡q n‡q wgwj‡q hvq| iv¯Ívi evwZ¸‡jvI ¤øvb n‡q Av‡m| ivRKb¨vi Qvqv G‡m c‡o eviv›`vq| cÖvPxi msjMœ cvBc †e‡q †mLv‡b wM‡q I‡V igvKvšÍ| iv‡Zi ci ivZ Gfv‡e †KvUvjcyÎ †g‡j ivRKb¨vi mv‡_| evwoi meKÕwU Av‡jv wb‡f †M‡j A‡c¶vq _v‡K Kb¨v, KLb KÉwU †kvbv hvq! Aaxi cÖZx¶vq Kv‡U mgq| Avnv‡i wenv‡i gb †bB, cv‡mi cov D‡V‡Q wm‡Kq| eB GKLvbv Ly‡j †i‡L ZvwK‡q _v‡K `~‡i| †mLv‡b ïayB ivRcy‡Îi A‡c¶v| †KvUvjcyÎ G‡Kev‡iB ivRcyÎwU n‡q D‡V‡Q Zvi Rb¥Rb¥všÍ‡ii| GZ fvjevmvI _v‡K g‡b! GB Kx Abyfe! GB Kx Af~Zc~e© g‡bi MwZK ZviÑ ey‡S cvq bv| igvKvšÍ bvg Zvi| gy‡L-†Pnvivq †Kgb kvšÍ, A_P mviv¶YB e‡K P‡j‡Q Zvi mvg‡b| DrmgyL †_‡K †KejB †hb †ewi‡q Avm‡Q aviv| †m hv e‡j AbM©j, wVK wVK Zvi DËi †Zv Luy‡R cvq bv Kb¨v| Zey †m e‡j hvq| Avevi `y‡Uv K_v †kvbvi Rb¨I †Kgb Aaxi _v‡K| fvjevwm fvjevwm! K‡e Zviv n‡e GKmv‡_? Rxeb K‡e ïiæ n‡e GKmv‡_? g‡b nq nVvrB †Kgb cwiYZ n‡q I‡V Iiv| fvjevmvq we‡fvi nq| Kb¨vi nvZwU euvav _v‡K igvKvšÍi ey‡Ki Dci| KLbI †Q‡o hv‡e bv †Zv? cÖkœ K‡i †m| gv_v bv‡o Kb¨v, Kÿ‡bvI bv| fy‡j hv‡e bv-†Zv? P‡j hv‡e bv †Zv `~‡i †Kv_vI? K¶‡bv bv, †Kvbw`bI...| ey‡Ki g‡a¨ Zvi nvZ †P‡c a‡i ivRKb¨vi| iv‡Zi ci ivZ †fvi nq I‡`i eviv›`vq c‡o _vKv GKUzKz †PŠwK‡Z| mgq †cwi‡q hvq| ga¨iv‡Zi wbt¯Íä cÖni `ªæZ e‡q P‡j| †Kv_vI `yÕGKUv cÖnix PZz®ú‡`i WvK †kvbv hvq| wSuwS †cvKvi GKUvbv myiI †f‡m Av‡m LvwbK| Lye `~‡i bq MxR©v †_‡KI †f‡m Av‡m NÈvi aŸwb| G‡K G‡K me¸‡jv NÈv †e‡R hvq| Rvwb‡q †`q †h ivZ n‡”Q †fvi| Kv‡Q`~‡i gmwR‡`i Avhvb †kvbv hvq| Kv‡QB evwoi †cvlv †gvi‡Mi K°K aŸwb| Zvi mv‡_B †M‡q I‡V Mv‡Qi Wv‡j Nyg fvOv †Kvb cvwL| igvKvšÍi ZLb N‡i †divi cvjv| LvwbKUv Av‡iv wKQz mgq Zey e‡m _v‡K †m| gb Pvq bv| ivZ †cvnvevi Kvj †`‡L Iiv GKmv‡_ Gfv‡e †hb KZKvj! Kzqvkvi AveQv c`©vUv mi‡ZB we`vq wb‡Z nq| †cÖwgKvi nv‡Z w`‡bi Pz¤^bwU Gu‡K w`‡q c‡_ bv‡g †m| wVK KZ ivZ GBfv‡e wg‡j‡Q Iiv †K Rv‡b| wb‡RI †m cvq bv Zvi wKbvi| wbkvPi hvÎxi gZ iv‡Zi Lvevi †k‡lÑ evwoi mK‡j wM‡q‡Q hLb weQvbvq, PvOv n‡q D‡V‡Q ZLbB| kixi-gb Drdzjø n‡q D‡V‡Q Zvi| N‡ii meKÕwU evwZ wb‡f †M‡j †kvevi N‡ii `iRv Av‡¯Í

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†fwR‡q †i‡L ¸wU ¸wU cv‡q †ewi‡q †M‡Q †m| `ywbqvq †KvbwKQy †h wbZ¨ bq, ZvB eywS ivûi MÖvmB mZ¨ n‡q `uvovq| igvKvšÍi †mB ivZ †fvi †h nq KLb, nVvrB GK Z›`ªv jvMv †Nv‡ii g‡a¨ VvIi nq bv| †Nvi hLb fv‡O ivRKb¨vi cvk †_‡K D‡V c‡o †m| Avi wVK ZLbB wVKv Kv‡Ri †g‡qwU †`‡L †d‡j! †`qvj †e‡q †KvbiK‡g c‡_ bv‡g igv| Gici †_‡KB ivRKb¨v‡K Avi †`Lv hvq bv| KZ iv‡Z wM‡qI Avi cvqwb igv| ¯‹z‡ji c‡_I bv| GKw`b we‡Kj †ejvq AveQv Av‡jvq †Kej VvIi n‡qwQj, †Kgb †dvjv †dvjv †Pv‡L eviv›`vq `uvwo‡q Kb¨v! LvwbK ev‡`B Avevi wgwj‡q †M‡Q| ZZw`‡b evwo‡ZI Lei G‡m‡Q igvi| I evwoi wÎmxgvbvq †hb †`Lv hvq bv Zv‡K! j¾v K‡i bv, †KvUvjcyÎ n‡q ivRKb¨vi w`‡K bRi K‡i? K_v¸‡jv †hb g‡b _v‡K! kvwm‡q hvb Kb¨vi wcZv| Kx †hvM¨Zv Av‡Q Zvi? Agb †g‡qi w`‡K †jvf! G‡KKUv K_v †hb †k‡ji gZ wM‡q †eu‡a ey‡Ki g‡a¨! Kx †hvM¨Zv Av‡Q Zvi? ZvB †Zv| ¯‹z‡ji c‡_I Avi †`Lv hvq bv Kb¨v‡K| c„w_exi Av‡jv-nvIqv me AÜKv‡i wgwj‡q hvq| †eu‡P _vKv wb`viæY K‡ói n‡q I‡V| Db¥‡Ëi Ae¯’v ZLb igvi| †Q‡ji w`‡K ZvKv‡Z cv‡ib bv gv| ¯^vgxi K_vi Dc‡i K_v ejvi mvnmI †bB Zuvi| †Q‡j †h bv †L‡q, bv Nywg‡q cvMj n‡q hv‡”QÑ Zey ev‡ci †Lqvj †bB! GKwU K_vI e‡jb bv mšÍv‡bi mv‡_| Ab¨ evwoi †jvK G‡m AZ K_v ïwb‡q †Mj hvi R‡b¨ Zvi w`‡K Avevi wK‡mi `i`! G iKgB g‡bvfve wcZvi| m‡nv`‡ii w`‡K ZvwK‡q gbUv †Ku‡` I‡V `v`vi| fvBwU‡K AvM‡j a‡ib wZwb| ax‡i ax‡i cÖvY wdwi‡q Av‡bb Zvi| wVKB †Zv, †hvM¨ n‡Z n‡e igvi| G‡°ev‡i †hvM¨ gvbylwU n‡q wM‡q `uvov‡Z n‡e mvg‡b| wKš‘ nj wK Ii? †mw`b Agb †dvjv †dvjv †Pv‡L `uvwo‡qwQj, nVvrB Avevi wgwj‡q †Mj AÜKv‡i! gyn~‡Z©i R‡b¨I fvebvUv †Zv bvgv‡Z cv‡i bv gv_v †_‡K| Kx n‡qwQj Zvici? evc e‡KwQj Lye? Lye †Ku‡`wQj I? †Kb Agb †`Lvj I‡K? `iKvi †bB Avi ILv‡b hvevi| I fvj _vK ïay| evc-gv‡qi Av`‡i _vKzK| GKw`b †Zv I‡K wM‡q `uvov‡ZB n‡e mvg‡b| ZZ¸‡jv w`b ïay GKUz fvj _vKyK ivRK‡b¨! AvU© K‡j‡R wM‡q fwZ© nq igvKvšÍ| UvKv-cqmv †h eo †hvM¨Zv mgv‡RÑ †K bv Rv‡b! wKš‘ RxebUv †Zv wb‡Ri gZ K‡iB Mo‡Z Pvq †m| evwo‡Z ïaygvÎ `v`vi mvq| wPÎKjvi w`‡K Uvb †h fvBwUi ˆkk‡eiÑ Rv‡bb wZwb| Avi mK‡j hv e‡jb Zv‡Z †Zv igvi P‡j bv| g‡bi mv‡_ †Rvi P‡j bv gvby‡li| g‡b nq nVvrB †Kgb cÖZ¨qx n‡q I‡V igvKvšÍ| Av‡Mi †_‡K cwiYZ| `ywbqvq †Kvb evavB Avi AvUKv‡Z cvi‡e bv Zv‡K| g‡bi c~Y©Zv NUv‡e I Rxeb w`‡qB| K¨v¤úv‡mi mywbweo QvqvZ‡j e‡m G‡KK mgq KZ K_v g‡b Av‡m| eviv›`vi GKLÐ †PŠwK‡Z `yÕR‡bi wbwkhvc‡bi K_v g‡b c‡o| ivRKb¨vi gyLLvwb KiæY n‡q I‡V| ci¶‡YB Avevi †mB Af`ª gvbylUv mvg‡b G‡m `uvovq| Zxh©K ev‡bi gZ †Mu‡_ †h wM‡qwQ‡j g‡bi g‡a¨, Zvi GKUv LPLPvwb †Zv Av‡QB| wb‡Ri g‡a¨ A‡bK


ivRKb¨vi nvZwU gyn~‡Z© gy‡Vvq †P‡c a‡i †ewi‡q Av‡m igvKvšÍ| mvg‡bB ZLb M„n¯^vgx `uvwo‡q! M‡R© I‡Vb wZwb| iv‡M-†¶v‡f †d‡U c‡ob G‡Kev‡i| GKnv‡Z †g‡q‡K Qvwo‡q wb‡Z †M‡j, ¯¿x G‡m nvZ †P‡c a‡ib Zvi| av°v †g‡i mwi‡q †`b Zv‡K| igvKvšÍi D‡Ï‡k Ggb me evK¨ D”PviY K‡ib †h, GK gyn~Z©I Avi _vKv m¤¢e nq bv Zvi| wPrKvi K‡i I‡V Kb¨v| Zxeª AvZ©wPrKv‡ii gy‡L N‡ii `iRvq Zvjv c‡o Zvi| K_vi gxgvsmvI K‡i †m| AevKI nq, †mw`b Kx K‡i Agb Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Q? evwoNi gvbylRb, mgq-Amgq †KvbwKQyi †Zvqv°v bv K‡i Kx K‡i Agb Qy‡U †M‡Q Zvi Kv‡Q? †Q‡j‡ejv †_‡KB kvšÍ †Q‡j e‡j mevB hv‡K †P‡b, AZLvwb †Wmcv‡iU Kx K‡i n‡qwQj †m? Avðh© nq †mme †f‡e G‡KK mgq| evwo †_‡K K‡l †U‡b bv ai‡j G ch©šÍ Avmv nZ bv| f`ª‡jvK‡K g‡b g‡b ¶gvB K‡i †m| g‡bi †Rvi evwo‡q Zzj‡Z Pvq| wk‡íi mvabvq Rxeb KvUv‡Z cY K‡i igvKvšÍ| RM‡Zi hv AK…wÎg my›`iÑ Rxebfi †Kej ZviB mvabv Ki‡e †m| UvKv-Kwo m¤ú‡` †jvf †bB Zvi| wKš‘ ivRKb¨v? †Kej H GKwU RvqMvqB eo Amnvq †m| mncvVx wecixZ wj‡½I AvMÖn †bB| g‡bi g‡a¨ †KejB h¶cyievwmbx| †Kvgj gvqvex †m gyLLvwb c~Y© bvix n‡q mËvi Mfx‡i †Zvjcvo †Zv‡j| †eu‡P _vK‡Z AvR †h Zv‡KB eo cÖ‡qvRb wQj Zvi! †hvM¨ nI igvKvšÍ! Agb Kb¨vi †hvM¨ n‡q Z‡e mvg‡b wM‡q `uvovI| †h †hvM¨Zvi Bw½Z †mw`b Zvi wcZv K‡iwQ‡jb †m Avi hvB †nvK wk‡íi w`‡K bq| ab-m¤ú`, UvKv-Kwo‡Z †hvM¨ nI| e¨emvqx wcZvi g‡b GQvov Avi wK _vK‡Z cv‡i? Kb¨v GKevi Rvwb‡q‡Q Kv‡Qi gvbyl‡K w`‡qÑ ivRcyÎ †hb GKwUevi G‡m wb‡q hvq Zv‡K! wcÎvjq Zvi Kv‡Q Mvi` mgvb! mvnm K‡iwb igvKvšÍ| wk‡íi mij KwVb c‡_ Avi hv †nvK ivRKb¨vi gh©v`v n‡e bv| Zvi †P‡q fvj †`wi K‡i n‡jI myw`‡bi A‡c¶v| RxebUv‡K c~Y©fv‡e †c‡Z mg‡qi KvR‡K D‡c¶v Kiv hvq bv, †Kvb gbxlxi K_v| c~Y©Zvi †jvf †bB Zvi| ev¯Í‡ei NvZ †gvKvwejvi Av›`vR †h wKQz n‡q‡Q, ivRKb¨vi fvi Zz‡j wb‡Z †Rvi ZvB cvq †m †Kv‡Ì‡K? mgq PvB mgq| Av‡iKUzLvwb mgq| KxwZ© w`‡q mybvg Av`vq K‡i †b‡e †m| gvbyl cÖksmv Ki‡e| ZLbI wK fi‡e bv Zuv‡`i gb? ¯¿xi LiP eBevi mva¨ ZZw`‡b nq‡Zv n‡qI hv‡e| Rxe‡bi PvIqv¸‡jv wgU‡e wbðqB| h¶cyix‡Z ivRKb¨vi w`b †h KvUwQj wKfv‡eÑ hw` RvbZ Zv †KvUvjcyÎ! wbiwZkq cÖvYUv‡K wUwK‡q ivL‡ZB eywS Rxeb! hv nq Avi wK, A_©fv‡i Db¥Ë wcZv G‡Kev‡i LoMn¯Í| covï‡bv me wm‡Kq D‡V‡Q| `iKviB-ev wK Zvi? GgbB gZ| cv‡ki cix¶vUv w`‡ZB †Kej †Q‡owQ‡jb †g‡q‡K †hb ˆmb¨-mvgšÍmn| djvd‡ji Zvov †bB| evwoi eviv›`vq ch©šÍ `uvovevi AbygwZ †bB Kb¨vi| Ni Avi A›`‡ii RvqMvUzKz Zvi †¶Î| †g‡qi `kv †`‡L gv‡qi g‡b †Kej nvnvKvi| GB Kx cvlvY gvbyl! Avcb wkïwU‡K wK-bv kvw¯Í w`‡q hv‡”Q Ggb K‡i! Agb ¯^vgxi mv‡_ evK¨vjv‡cI AiæwP nq Zvi| cÖ_g w`‡K †evSv‡Z †Póv K‡i‡Qb KZÑ †g‡qUv‡K GKUz †Zv Gw`K Iw`K Nyi‡Z `vI! ivwR nbwb| cv‡q ai‡Z †Kej evwK †i‡L‡Qb Zvi| †Rvo nv‡Zi wgbwZ iv‡Lb bv †h cyiæl waK& Zv‡K! ¯^vgx Zvi g‡bi bvMvj †Kvbw`bI Avi cv‡eb bvÑ ey‡S wb‡q‡Qb wZwb| ¯^Rb gy‡L KZfv‡e GKevi Lei cvwV‡q‡Qb, cyÎ †hb GKwUevi G‡m †`Lv K‡i Zvi mv‡_| Rv‡bb wZwb, †m †h covï‡bv Ki‡Q Ab¨ kn‡i Ges gbUv Zvi GLbI h¶cyixi Kb¨vi Kv‡Q euvav| GKw`b Zvici cv‡q cv‡q gw›`‡ii Mv‡q wM‡q `uvovq igvKvšÍ, mܨvi ci| wØZxq e‡l©i cix¶v †k‡l evwo‡Z wd‡i‡Q †m Av‡Mi iv‡Z| gw›`‡i ZLb a~‡ci AviwZ| NÈvi aŸwbI †kvbv hvq| KvD‡KB wKQy bv Rvwb‡q G‡m‡Q †m| g‡bi g‡a¨ w¯’i wQjÑ †`Lv n‡eB|

gw›`‡ii mvg‡b wM‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q hLb, cy‡Rvi NÈvI †M‡Q †_‡g| †kl n‡q‡Q cy‡Rv| cv‡q cv‡q †ewi‡q G‡m‡Qb gvZv, nv‡Z cÖmv‡`i _vjv| g‡b nq †hb Av‡M †_‡KB Rvb‡Zb wZwbÑ cyÎ AvR mvg‡b G‡m `uvov‡e| igv‡K †`‡L w¯§Z GKUv nvwm †L‡j hvq Zuvi gy‡L| cv‡q nvZ w`‡q cÖYvg K‡i igv| Kx K‡i ey‡SI †M‡Q, G wbðqB h¶cyievwmbxi gvZv| gv_vq nvZ †i‡L Avkxe©v` K‡ib wZwb| cÖmv‡`i _vjvwU GwM‡q a‡ib, eo fv‡M¨i evev ïf wZw_‡Z GB cÖmv` cvIqv, bvI| igvi gb f‡i hvqÑ GB wK Avkxe©Pb Ki‡Qb gvZv AvR Zv‡K! MÖ‡ni Kx ïf¶Y AvR! cv‡q cv‡q gv‡qi mv‡_ GwM‡q P‡j igvKvšÍ| KZ K_v †R‡b †bb wZwb| †g‡qi K_vI cv‡ob| g‡bi g‡a¨ ZLb Zvi KZ K_vi AvKzwj-weKywj| Zey wb‡R †_‡K GKwU K_vI ej‡Z cv‡i bv, GKwU K_vI Rvb‡Z Pvq bv Kb¨vi| ey‡Ki g‡a¨ Zvi †Kgb †Zvjcvo! G‡KKwU K_v gv‡qi Kv‡b hvq, Avi û û K‡i eyK| Avnv AvR wK GKwUevi †`Lv n‡e Zvi mv‡_! Kx ej‡e †m? KZ K_v R‡g Av‡Q, me Kx e‡j DV‡Z cvi‡e? †Pv‡L †PvL ivL‡Z cvi‡e? nv‡Z nvZ? Avi... Avi Kx? Av`‡i ey‡Ki g‡a¨ wK †P‡c ai‡Z cvi‡e GKwUevi? evwoi G‡Kev‡i A›`i `iRvq hLb G‡m c‡o‡Q, ivRKb¨v wmuwo †e‡q wb‡P bvg‡Q| gv‡qi w`‡K †PvL hvq ZviÑ gy‡L Agwjb nvwm| Avðh© gv‡K Zvi KZw`b ci G iKg †`Lv‡”Q| Kx Ggb N‡U‡Q gw›`‡i †h gbUv GZ cÖdzjø? fve‡ZB wcQ‡bi gvbylwU mvg‡b G‡m `uvovq| G Kv‡K †`L‡Q cyievwmbx? G Kv‡K †`L‡Q igvKvšÍ? GB Kx iƒc Zvi mvg‡b ivRK‡b¨i! AšÍcyievwmbx bv Rvwb KZ Kó m‡q m‡q GBiKg n‡q D‡V‡Q! Avnv, Ii g‡bi Zj Kx Avi Luy‡R cv‡e †m? wb‡R‡K Kx e‡j Zvi mvg‡b `uvo Kivq †m? igv hLb GB iKg fve‡Q, ivRKb¨v †Kvbfv‡eB wb‡R‡K mvgjv‡Z cv‡i bv| ey‡Ki RgvU Kvbœv M‡j M‡j bv‡g Zvi| gy‡L †Kvb K_v †RvMvq bv| Kv‡Q wM‡q igv `yÕnv‡Z †P‡c a‡i Zv‡K| w¯’i †Pv‡L GKevi ZvKvq †m| ciÿ‡YB wb‡R‡K Qvwo‡q wb‡q N‡ii w`‡K hvq| igv AbymiY K‡i Zv‡K| weQvbvq gyL †P‡c dzuwc‡q I‡V Kb¨v| wKsKZ©e¨weg~p igv LvwbK _g †g‡i _v‡K| nVvrB Zvici `yÕnv‡Z †U‡b ey‡K †P‡c a‡i Kb¨v‡K| LvwbK¶Y Kv‡U| Kv‡Ri †g‡qwU G‡m Rvbvq, M„nKZ©v †h evwo‡Z G‡m‡Qb| ivRKb¨vi nvZwU gyn~‡Z© gy‡Vvq †P‡c a‡i †ewi‡q Av‡m igvKvšÍ| mvg‡bB ZLb M„n¯^vgx `uvwo‡q! M‡R© I‡Vb wZwb| iv‡M-†¶v‡f †d‡U c‡ob G‡Kev‡i| GKnv‡Z †g‡q‡K Qvwo‡q wb‡Z †M‡j, ¯¿x G‡m nvZ †P‡c a‡ib Zvi| av°v †g‡i mwi‡q †`b Zv‡K| igvKvšÍi D‡Ï‡k Ggb me evK¨ D”PviY K‡ib †h, GK gyn~Z©I Avi _vKv m¤¢e nq bv Zvi| wPrKvi K‡i I‡V Kb¨v| Zxeª AvZ©wPrKv‡ii gy‡L N‡ii `iRvq Zvjv c‡o Zvi| †mB †kl! Zvici Avi †`Lv nqwb! igvKvšÍ AvR wkíx| †`k Qvwc‡qI Zvi cwiwPwZ| m”QjZvI G‡m‡Q| †Kej ivRKb¨vi evwoi `iRvwUB Av‡Q AuuvUv| GKwU eo ZvjvI Szj‡Q †mLv‡b| †kvbv hvq, †kl †`Lvi †mB iv‡ZB wcZv Zvi Kb¨vi NiwU‡Z Zvjv Gu‡U w`‡qwQ‡jb| ¯^‡MvÎxq eÜzi †Q‡ji mv‡_ we‡q wVK K‡iwQ‡jb| B‡”QUv Zvi c~iY nqwb| evB‡i †_‡K ZvjvwU wZwb Ly‡jwQ‡jb hLb, Kb¨v Zvi A‡bK Av‡MB Rxe‡bi me Zvjv PzwK‡q w`‡q †M‡Qb! Z…wß evjv †QvUMíKvi, wPwKrmK

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nvRvi nvRvi †KvwUcwZ Avn‡g` †nv‡m‡bi evm¯’vb wbZvšÍB GKwU GKZjv evs‡jv evwo| N‡ii AvmevecÎI †m‡K‡j| Avgv‡`i †cŠuQvi ci †ej wUc‡ZB f`ª‡jvK `‡ivRv Ly‡j nvwmgy‡L Af¨_©bv Rvbvb| myiwRZ e‡jb, Avng` †nv‡mb mv‡ne GKRb Abb¨ eo d‡UvMÖvdvi| fvi‡Zi DËi c~e© A‡ji cÖvYx I Dw™¢` welqK Zuvi d‡Uv msMÖnkvjv i‡q‡Q| Avgv‡`i mswÿß cwiPq ce© †k‡l Avng` †nv‡mb mv‡ne wR‡Ám K‡ib, Avcbviv wK Rv‡bb, GB wkjs‡q evsjv‡`‡ki GKvbœRb ZiæY Ke‡i ï‡q Av‡Qb| GB mKj gyw³‡hv×v‡`i Kei wZwb wbR nv‡Z w`‡q‡Qb| Zvici ms‡ÿ‡c wZwb Zuvi I myiwRZeveyi cigvZ¥xq mvwnwZ¨K I mgvR‡mex AÄwj jvwnwoi `xN© bq gv‡m Zuv‡`i c‡ivÿ I cÖZ¨ÿ gyw³‡hv×v wn‡m‡e fzwgKv cvj‡bi Kvwnwb †kvbvb| wZwb Rvbvb †h 1971 mv‡ji 17 wW‡m¤^i wZwb wm‡j‡U wQ‡jb| m‡½ wQ‡jb K‡b©j kIKZ, †gRi wRqv I b¨v‡ci AvjZvd †nv‡mb| AÄwj jvwnwo evsjv‡`‡ki ÔAvBb I mvwjwk †K›`ªÕ cÖKvwkZ ¯§„wZ I K_v 1971 kxl©K MÖ‡š’ wm‡jU-Zvgvwej mxgv‡šÍ gyw³hy× I hy‡× Zuv‡`i f~wgKv mwe¯Ívi e‡j †M‡Qb| evsjv‡`k miKvi gyw³hy‡× mg„× Ae`v‡bi Rb¨ 2012 mv‡j Avng` †nv‡mb mv‡ne I AÄwj jvwnwo‡K m¤§vbbv cÖ`vb Kivq Zuviv Mwe©Z †eva K‡i‡Qb e‡j Rvbvb| Avng` †nv‡mb mv‡ne iex›`ªbv‡_i wkjs Avmvi Kvwnwb Rvbv‡Z wM‡q Abyl½ wn‡m‡e Zuvi cwiev‡ii wkjs‡q Avmvi KvwnwbI ms‡ÿ‡c wee„Z K‡ib| Zuvi c~e©cyiæl Lvb evnv`yi nvwR KvwkgDwÏb †gvjøv 1862 mv‡j cwðge‡½i ûMwj †Rjvi †eMgcyi †_‡K wkjs‡qi †PivcywćZ G‡mwQ‡jb| wZwb I Zuvi †Q‡j †Mvjvg nvq`vi †PivcywćZ †`vKvb cÖwZôv K‡ib| e¨emvq DbœwZ nw”Qj| GB mgq Miæi Mvwo †MŠnvwU †_‡K c¨v‡mÄvi wb‡q wkjs AvmZ| 1887 mv‡j Kv‡kg †gvjøv weªwUk cÖkvmb‡K †Nvovi Mvwo‡Z c¨v‡mÄvi Avbv-†bIqvi cÖ¯Íve w`‡j cÖkvmb `ywU kZ© †`b| cÖ_g kZ© 80wU †Nvov wKb‡Z n‡e| wØZxq kZ©, 100 wK‡jvwgUvi c‡_ †gvU c‡biwU Av¯Ívej ivL‡Z n‡e| Kv‡kg †gvjøv †mB kZ©Øq c~iY K‡i †Nvovi Mvwo‡Z c¨v‡mÄvi Avbv-‡bIqv ïiæ K‡ib| wZwb 1906 mv‡j GB c‡_ A¨vjweIb (Albion) bv‡gi †gvUi Mvwo Pvjy K‡ib| Avng` †nv‡mb mv‡n‡ei eZ©gvb eqm 83 eQi| ¯§iYkw³ AmvaviY| Zuvi aviYv, iex›`ªbv_ eªþcyÎ b` †e‡q ÷xgv‡i †MŠnvwU Avm‡Zb| ÷xgvi NvU †_‡K Miæ ev †Nvovi Mvwo K‡i †MŠnvwU‡Z A¨vjweI‡bi ÷¨v‡Û Avm‡Zb| wZwb ï‡b‡Qb, Kwe GKevi Kv`vq c‡o wM‡qwQ‡jb ZLb Zuv‡K Ô_vwcÕ-†Z (Pv-evMv‡bi Kg©xiv wc‡V hv enb K‡ib) K‡i †MŠnvwU‡Z Avbv n‡qwQj| iex›`ªbv_ eªæKmvB‡Wi evwo‡Z (eZ©gvb iex›`ª wgDwRqvg) †ewk mgq KvwU‡q‡Qb| Zuvi †mevhZœ Ki‡Zb Avng` †nv‡mb mv‡n‡ei cigvZ¥xqiv| 1971 mv‡j kÖxmZxk Rxeb `vm wkjs‡qi Kwgkbvi wQ‡jb| wZwb GB evwo‡Z _vK‡Zb| wZwb P‡j hvIqvi mgq GB evwowU‡K †U‡Mvi †g‡gvwi‡qj Kivi e¨e¯’v K‡i hvb| Avng` †nv‡mb mv‡ne duv‡K duv‡K AviI A‡bK K_v e‡j hvw”Q‡jb| GK mgq e‡jb †h, wkjs †_‡K wm‡jU ch©šÍ iv¯Ív evwb‡qwQ‡jb GK Bs‡iR cÖkvmK| wZwb K›Uªv±i iv¯Ív wVKgZ evwb‡q‡Qb wK bv Zv †`Lvi Rb¨ WªvBfvi‡K ZrKvjxb mg‡q Mvwoi †cQ‡b ivLvi SuvSivq cvwb fwZ© GKwU Møvm emv‡Z e‡jb| kZvwaK iv‡Zi cywjkevRvi

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¯^v¯’¨ I cwievi Kj¨vY

†ivM, gvZ…Z¡ I PvKwi †ÿ‡Î nZvnZ‡`i Rb¨ ivR¨ miKvi wegv Pvjy K‡i‡Q Ges wewfbœ †ckvRxex kÖwgK I Zv‡`i cwievi-cwiRb‡`i wPwKrmv †mev cÖ`vb K‡i _v‡K| mvgvwRK I A_©‰bwZKfv‡e AbMÖmi †kÖwYi gvby‡li Rb¨ miKvi Kj¨vYg~jK wewfbœ w¯‹g cwiPvjbv K‡i _v‡K| miKvwi ms¯’v¸‡jv we‡kl K‡i gwnjv I wkï‡`i wewfbœ Kj¨vYg~jK †mev cÖ`vb K‡i _v‡K|

wkÿv

mvÿiZvi nvi hv G kZ‡Ki m~Pbvq cÖvq `yB-Z…Zxqvs‡k (RvZxq M‡oi †P‡qI †ewk)

†cuŠ‡QwQj, †mUv wb‡q Kb©vUK eZ©gv‡b fvi‡Zi me‡P‡q †ewk wkwÿZ Rb‡Mvôxi Avevmf‚wg| iv‡R¨ wecyjmsL¨K ¯‹zj I wkÿv cÖwZôvb i‡q‡Q hvi cÖvq A‡a©KB miKvi cwiPvwjZ| evwK¸‡jv ¯’vbxq I †emiKvwi cwiPvjbv cl©` cwiPvjbv K‡i _v‡K| AwaKvsk kni Ges MÖv‡g eva¨Zvg~jK cÖv_wgK wkÿv Kvh©µg cwiPvwjZ nq| Kb©vU‡Ki cÖvPxbZg I mywew`Z D”Pwkÿv cÖwZôvb¸‡jv n‡”Q: BwÛqvb Bbw÷wUDU Ad mv‡qÝ (1909), †e½v‡jvi wek¦we`¨vjq (1964) Ges BDwbfvwm©wU Ad GwMÖKvjPvivj mv‡q‡ÝmÑ wZbwUB †e½vjyiæ‡Z Aew¯’Z| GQvov gvBmyyiæ‡Z Av‡Q BDwbfvwm©wU Ad gvB‡mvi (1916); aviIqv‡o Av‡Q Kb©vUK BDwbfvwm©wU (1949); KvjeyivMx‡Z Av‡Q ¸jevM©v BDwbfvwm©wU (1980) Ges gv½vjyiæ‡Z Av‡Q gv½v‡jvi BDwbfvwm©wU|

mvs¯‹…wZK Rxeb

Kb©vUK mg„× mvs¯‹…wZK HwZ‡n¨i AwaKvix| wewfbœ ivRes‡ki Ae`v‡b mg„× ag©xq I `vk©wbK Z‡Ë¡ Kb©vU‡Ki mvwnZ¨, ¯’vcZ¨, †jvKK_v, wkí, msMxZ I Ab¨vb¨ wkíKjv mg„× I weKwkZ n‡q‡Q| gvBmyiæ †_‡K 56 gvBj (90 wKwg) `~‡i Aew¯’Z kÖeY‡ej‡Mvjv Gi cÖvPxb feb I ¯§viK¯Í‡¤¢i Rb¨ wewkó n‡q Av‡Q| GLv‡b †gŠh© mv¤ªv‡R¨i (wLª÷c~e© 321-185) D‡jøL Kivi gZ bvbv ¯’vcZ¨ wb`k©b i‡q‡Q| Av‡Q ˆRb mvaK evûejx weRvcy‡ii †MvjM¤^yR


gvB‡mvi ivRcÖvmv`

(†Mv¤§v‡Zk¦i)-i `kg kZvãx‡Z wbwg©Z GKK cv_‡ii cÖKvÐ fv¯‹h©| fvi‡Zi Kbœofvlx GjvKvq G ai‡bi weivU GKK cv_‡ii fv¯‹h© LyeB Avðh©RbK e‡U| PvjyK¨ (wLª÷xq 543757) I cjøe (4_©-9g kZvãx) ivRes‡ki cÖfve wLª÷xq mßg kZvãx †_‡K ïiæ n‡q GLbI ch©šÍ gw›`i fv¯‹‡h© cÖKwUZ|

BwZnvm

gvB‡mvi (ev gvBmyiæ, Kbœo fvlvq h_v_© D”PviY) bvgwU G‡m‡Q ms¯‹…Z kã Ôgwnl kniÕ †_‡K, †h bv‡g Av‡M Kb©vUK‡K WvKv nZ| †`ex PvgyÐvi nv‡Z gwnl `vbe gwnlvmy‡ii cZb †_‡K kãwUi DrcwË| gvB‡mv‡ii cyiv‡YwZnvm wKse`šÍx‡Z VvmvÑ †hLv‡b Dˇii Ae‡ivaKvix Avh©‡`i m‡½ `wÿY fvi‡Zi Avw`evmx `ªvweox‡`i hy× msNwUZ n‡qwQj| wKse`šÍx Abymv‡i, GwU †`I-`vb‡ei m‡½ †`e-†`ex‡`i jovB| 1953 mv‡ji Av‡M Aw¯ÍZ¡evb gvB‡mvi wcÖÝwj †÷‡Ui †h `vwjwjK BwZnvm †`Lv hvq, Zv‡Z eZ©gvb Kb©vU‡Ki AwaKvsk GjvKvq Kbœofvlx RbM‡YiB AvwacZ¨ cwijwÿZ nq| wLª÷c~e© Z…Zxq kZ‡K †gŠh© mv¤ªv‡R¨i †bZv A‡kv‡Ki kvm‡bi ci †h-me cÖavb ivResk gvB‡mvi kvmb K‡ib, Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ wQ‡jb cwðgvÂjxq M½vi K`¤^ ivResk (Guiv wLª÷xq 3q †_‡K 11k kZvãx ch©šÍ ÿgZvmxb wQ‡jb), eb ivResk Ges cjøi

ivRes‡ki wewfbœ mvgšÍ cÖfziv (huviv 4_© †_‡K 9g kZvãx ch©šÍ kvmb K‡ib)| Zz½f`ªv b`xi DRv‡bi De©iv f‚wg Ges K…òv-Zz½f`ªvi ga¨eZ©x f‚wg lô kZvãx‡Z K`¤^‡`i KvQ †_‡K ga¨ Kb©vU‡Ki kw³kvjx PvjyK¨ ivResk `Lj K‡i †bb| PvjyK¨ I Zuv‡`i cÖwZcÿ ivóªK‚U ivResk (Aóg kZvãxi gvSvgvwS †_‡K `kg kZvãxi †kl bvMv`) gvjf‚wg‡K GKwÎZ DcK‚jxq mgf‚wgi A‡cÿvK…Z big f‚wg Pvlvev` Ki‡Z wM‡q gvB‡mvi‡K mg„× K‡ib| Z‡e Guiv c~e© I `wÿ‡Y Zvwgj‡`i cÖwZwnsmvi wkKvi nb| Øv`k kZvãx bvMv` nqmvj ivResk M½ve`x (ZLb gvB‡mvi G bv‡gB Kw_Z nZ) `Lj K‡i †bq| Z‡e nqmvjiv PZz`©k kZvãxi gvSvgvwS bvMv` w`wjøi myjZv‡bi Kv‡Q bwZ ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z eva¨ nq, gvB‡mvi µgk weRqbMi iv‡R¨i Aaxb¯Í n‡q c‡o| weRqbM‡ii ivRavbxi bvgI wQj weRqbMi| GwU Kvjµ‡g ZrKvjxb Kb©vU‡Ki Zz½f`ªv b`x ZxieZ©x nvw¤ú MÖv‡gi As‡k cwiYZ nq| †lvok kZvãxi †klfv‡M weRqbMi mv¤ªvR¨ nxbej n‡q c‡o| Zz½f`ªv b`xi Dˇi Ges `wÿ‡Y gvB‡mv‡ii ivRviv gyNj kw³i Kv‡Q civf‚Z nq| mß`k kZvãx‡Z gyNj mvgªvR¨ I cwðg-fvi‡Zi gvivVx‡`i g‡a¨ msNl© gvB‡mv‡ii Iqvwoqviiv (ev I‡oqviiv) jvfevb nq| 1610 wLª÷v‡ã gvB‡mv‡ii Iqvwoqvi kvmK †mwi½cZg (eZ©gvb kÖxi½cËb) Ae‡iva K‡ib; c‡i

†e½v‡jviI (eZ©gvb †e½vjyiæ) `Lj K‡i Iqvwoqvi kvmb mymsnZ K‡ib| 1707 mv‡j `vcy‡U gyNj m¤ªvU AvIi½‡R‡ei g„Zz¨i ci gyNj‡`i AšÍK©j‡ni my‡hv‡M gvB‡mv‡ii cieZ©x kvmKiv Zv‡`i AwacZ¨ we¯Ívi K‡ib| Iqvwoqvi‡`i ÿgZv `xN©¯’vqx nqwb| iv‡R¨ `ytkvmb Ges †MvUv gvjf‚wg‡Z hy‡×i Wvgv‡Wv‡j 1761 mv‡j mvgwiK Awfhvbwcqvmx nvq`vi Avjx ÿgZv `Lj K‡ib| gvjvevi DcK‚j I Kb©vUK gvjf‚wg Zuvi KiZjMZ n‡j gvB‡mv‡ii cwiwa we¯Í…Z nq| Z‡e nvq`vi Avjxmn ¯’vbxq cÖfzivI weªwUk‡`i m‡½ GKvwaK hy‡× Rwo‡q c‡ob, hv ÔgvB‡mv‡ii hy×Õ bv‡g cwiwPwZ| PZz_© gvB‡mvi hy‡× 1799 mv‡j †mwi½cZ‡g eY©vX¨ I kw³gvb kvmK wUcy myjZv‡bi g„Zz¨i ci gvB‡mvi Kvh©Z weªwUk‡`i KiZjMZ nq| 1831 †_‡K Õ81 mvj ch©šÍ gvB‡mvi kvmb K‡ib GKRb weªwUk Kwgkbvi| wZwb Iqvwoqvi‡`i KvQ †_‡K cybivq cÖkvmb cybiæ×vi K‡ib| 1953 I Õ56 mv‡j AvÂwjK cybM©V‡bi ci †kl Iqvwoqvi iv‡R¨i Mfb©i nb| 1973 mv‡j iv‡R¨i bZzb bvgKiY nq Kb©vUK| 1947 mvj †_‡K fviZxq RvZxq Ks‡MÖm, RbZv cvwU©, RbZv `j, RbZv `j (ag© wbi‡cÿ), fviZxq RbZv cvwU© ÿgZvq G‡m‡Q| Abyev` gvbmx †PŠayix wR †K †Nvwi GbmvB‡K¬vwcwWqv weªUvwbKvi Ab¨Zg m¤úv`K

gvB‡mvi ivRcÖvmv‡` Av‡jvKm¾v

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†nu‡mjNi

Kb©vU‡Ki †miv 10wU cÖ_vMZ _vwj wPivqZ Kb©vUK ˆbk‡fvR cwi‡ewkZ nq HwZn¨MZ KjvcvZvq, ïiæ nq my¯^v`y wgwó w`‡q, †kl nq `BfvZ w`‡q| GLv‡b Kb©vU‡Ki 10wU HwZn¨evnx Lvev‡ii weeiY cί’ Kiv nj: IeŸvZz/ nwjR

IeŸvZz ev nwjR Kb©vU‡Ki RbwcÖq GKwU Lvev‡ii bvg| Pvbv Wvj I Rv‡Mwi gq`vi m‡½ fvj K‡i gvwL‡q †k‡l †ivj K‡i GwU ˆZwi nq| Gi m‡½ _v‡K cwigvYgZ wPwb I bvi‡Kj KzwP| G‡K AviI my¯^v`y Ki‡Z mvgvb¨ Mig wN `y‡ai m‡½ wgwk‡q gvLv nq| Drm‡ei mgq GB AwZ cQ‡›`i wgóvbœwU ˆZwi Kiv nq Ges MigvMig cwi‡ekb Kiv nq|

gvB‡mvi cvK

gvB‡mvi cvK wgwó cÖRb¥ †_‡K cÖRb¥všÍ‡i Kb©vU‡Ki †UªWgvK© wgwó| evsjv MÖvg, wN, `viwPwb wPwb R‡ji m‡½ ¸‡j gvB‡mvi cvK ˆZwi nq| GwU gvB‡mvi kn‡ii bw›`Z wgwó| G my¯^v`y wR‡f Rj Avbv wgwói Ici Mig wN Qwo‡q †`Iqv nq Ges AvÿwiK A‡_© gy‡L wM‡q M‡j hvq| GwU K‡qKw`b ivLv hvqÑ ZLb Gi ¯^v` fvj nq| we‡kl Dcjÿ I Drm‡ei mgq wgóvbœwU cÖ¯‘Z Kiv nq|

BWwj I DwÏbv fvo

Kb©vU‡Ki RbwcÖq BWwj I DwÏbv fv‡oi ¯^v` bv wb‡q †KD N‡i †d‡i bv| me †nv‡Uj, GgbwK evwo‡ZI

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mKv‡ji RjLvev‡i G ¯^v¯’¨Ki Lvevi _vK‡eB imbvwejv‡m| mvaviYZ wf‡R Pvj I Div` Wvj ¸u‡ov BWwji cÖavb DcKiY| bvbv iKg BWwj nqÑ ivev BWwj, _v‡Æ BWwj I evUb BWwj| ivev BWwjB mK‡ji cQ›`, GwU ˆZwi KivI mnR| BDwj I DwÏbv fvo cwi‡ekb Kiv nq m¤^iv I PvUwbmn‡hv‡M| AvR‡Ki K¨vjwi-m‡PZbZvi hy‡M BDwjB mevi cQ›` Gi mnRcvP¨Zvi ¸‡Y|

†PŠ‡PŠ evZ

†PŠ‡PŠ evZ ïb‡Z nvm¨Ki g‡b n‡jI †L‡Z bq| GwU Kb©vU‡Ki `yÕwU HwZn¨evnx RjLvev‡ii GKwU| GwU `ªæZ ˆZwi Kiv hvq| ivev ev mywR Gi DcKiY| †KD †KD G‡K DwàUz, Avevi †KD †KD †Lmvwi evZI e‡j _v‡Kb| DwàUz ejv nq gmjv`vi e‡jÑ †Lmvwi evZ ejv nq wgóZvi R‡b¨| GUv wN I ev`vg w`‡q evbv‡bv nq| A‡b‡K ¯^v` e„w×i Rb¨ Gi m‡½ Avbvim †hvM K‡ib|

†`vmv

†`vmv `wÿY fviZxq RjLvev‡ii ivRv| we‡kl K‡i gPg‡P ev`vgx gmjv †`vmv| Pvj I Kv‡jv Wv‡ji m‡½ cv¯‘wiZ gvLb w`‡q †`vmv evbv‡bv nq| †`vmvi †fZi m¤^iv, PvUwb I Avjy †m×i cyi †`Iqv nq| †`vmviI cÖKvi‡f` Av‡QÑ †cuqvR †`vmv, ivev †`vmv, ivwM †`vmv| Kb©vU‡Ki cÖwZwU evwo I †nv‡U‡j †`vmv _vK‡eB|

Rj` iæwU I Avw° iæwU

GwU DËi Kb©vU‡Ki meLv‡b cvIqv hvq| Rj` iæwU‡K RvIqvi iæwUI ejv nq, †Zgwb Avw° iæwU‡K ïay iæwUI ejv nq| †e¸b fvRv I Kv‡jv Pvbvi Wvj mn‡hv‡M cwi‡ekb Kiv nq| hw` iæwUi m‡½ gUiïwU _v‡K †Zv iæwU n‡q I‡V ejea©K| GUv `ycy‡ii Lvevi| iæwU †h‡nZz Auvkhy³, ZvB IRb Kgv‡bvi Rb¨I GwU mevi cQ›`| GwU †L‡j Avcbvi i³ I †Kv‡j‡÷v‡ij wbgš¿‡Y _vK‡e|

wewm †e‡j evZ

GB cywóKi LveviwU cÖ¯‘Z nq Pvj, Wvj I mewR w`‡q| ivbœvi ci mvgvb¨ wN I gmjv`vi Avjyi wPcm mn‡hv‡M cwi‡ekb Kiv nq| we‡klZ kxZKv‡j †auvqv IVv wewm †e‡j evZ ¯^M©xq! GB wR‡f Rj Avbv myMwÜ LveviwU Avgvwb Kb©vU‡K †M‡j †L‡Z fyj‡eb bv|

Do–wc m¤^i I †Mv¾y

fvZ Kb©vU‡Ki cÖavb Lv`¨, ZvB m¤^iv I †Mv¾y cÖwZwU evwo‡ZB ivbœv nq| Do–wc m¤^iv n‡”Q fv‡c †m× Kiv gvsm KzwP, Wvj, UvUKv mewR mi‡li †Zj w`‡q Kwl‡q ivbœv Kiv| ¯^v` evov‡bvi Rb¨ ïK‡bv gwiP I KvwicvZv †hvM Kiv nq| GLb m¤^i ¸u‡ovI cvIqv qvq| Aciw`‡K †Mv¾y IKiv, Avbvim, KuvPv Avg w`‡q evbv‡bv nq| GwU n‡”Q mnKvi Lvevi|

ivwMgy‡Ç I †mvwcbœ miæ

Avcwb hw` `ycy‡i LvIqvi mgq MÖv‡g †Kvb evwo‡Z hvb Zvn‡j Avcbvi RbwcÖq ivwM gy‡Ç I †mvwcbœ miæ‡Z Kvgo †`Iqvi my‡hvM n‡e| ivwM LyeB ¯^v¯’¨Ki Ges Ab¨vb¨ †Rvqv‡ii Zzjbvq `v‡g m¯Ív| GKBfv‡e Rj w`‡q ivwM gy‡Ç ˆZwi Ki‡Z Avcbvi Lye Kg mgq jvM‡e| †mvwcbœ miæ n‡”Q Wv‡ji m‡½ meyR cvZvi mewR gmjv w`‡q ivbœv| GwU gy‡Çi m‡½ cwi‡ek Kiv nq| Gi ¯^v` PgrKvi|

gvÏyi fvo

Kb©vU‡K LyeB RbwcÖq GKwU RjLvevi n‡”Q gvÏyi fvoÑ me †nv‡Uj I evwo‡Z GwU ˆZwi nq| Kb©vU‡Ki LyeB †QvÆ kni gvÏyi †_‡K Gi cÖPjb e‡j bvgB gvÏyi fvo| Mig I gPg‡PÑ bvi‡K‡ji PvUwb mn‡hv‡M cwi‡ekb Kiv nq| m~Î B›Uvi‡bU Abyev` gvbmx †PŠayix

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†kl cvZv

iRbxKvšÍ †mb Kwe, MxwZKvi, myiKvi Kwe, MxwZKvi Ges myiKvi wn‡m‡e evOvwji wk¶v-ms¯‹…wZ‡Z wPi¯§iYxq iRbxKvšÍ †m‡bi Rb¥ 1865 mv‡ji 26 RyjvB| w؇R›`ªjvj iv‡qi mgmvgwqK GB MxwZKv‡ii Mvb¸‡jv fw³ I †`‡ki cÖwZ Mfxi ggZ¡‡ev‡a D¾¡j| wZwb wQ‡jb ¸iæcÖmv` †mb I g‡bv‡gvwnbx †`exi Z…Zxq mšÍvb| ¸iæcÖmv` wQ‡jb Kwe, g‡bv‡gvwnbx wQ‡jb mvwnZ¨vbyivMx| Pvi‡kv ˆeòe eªReyjx KweZvm¼jb‡K GKwÎZ K‡i Ôc`wPšÍvgwYgvjvÕ bv‡g GKwU KxZ©b MÖš’ cÖKvk K‡ib ¸iæcÖmv`| iRbxKv‡šÍi R‡b¥i mgq wZwb K‡Uvqvq Kg©iZ wQ‡jb| iRbxKvšÍi ˆkk‡e wZwb A‡bK RvqMvq PvKwi K‡ib| 1875 mv‡j ewikv‡ji mve-RR c` †_‡K †¯^”Qvq Aemi MÖnY Kivq cwiev‡i Afve †b‡g Av‡m| Gmgq Zuvi AvBbRxex eo`v †Mvwe›`bv_ msmv‡ii nvj a‡ib| ˆkk‡e iRbx wQ‡jb LyeB `yócÖK…wZi Ñ memgq †Ljva~jvq †g‡Z _vK‡Zb| Z‡e Zuvi ˆbwZK PwiÎ wQj Av`k©¯’vbxq| AwZkq †gavex wQ‡jb, d‡j cov‡kvbvq †ewk mgq e¨q bv Ki‡jI cix¶vq AvkvZxZ dj AR©b Ki‡Zb| wkÿv¸iæ †MvcvjP›`ª jvwnoxi Kv‡Q evj¨wkÿv Ges cÖwZ‡ekx ivRbv_ ZK©i‡Zœi Kv‡Q ms¯‹…Z fvlv wkÿv †k‡l iRbxKvšÍ †evqvwjqv wRjv ¯‹z‡j (eZ©gvb ivRkvnx K‡jwR‡qU ¯‹zj) fwZ© nb| 1883 mv‡j KzPwenvi †RbwKÝ ¯‹zj †_‡K G›UªvÝ, ivRkvnx K‡jR †_‡K Gd G cvk, KjKvZvi wmwU K‡jR †_‡K 1889 mv‡j we G cvk Ges GKB K‡jR †_‡K 1891 mv‡j AvBb wel‡q we Gj wWwMÖ AR©b K‡ib| B‡Zvg‡a¨ 1883 mv‡j wniY¥qx †`exi m‡½ Zuvi cwiYq m¤úbœ n‡q‡Q| Zuv‡`i wQj PvicyÎÑ kPx›`ª, Áv‡b›`ª, fz‡c›`ª I ¶xwZ›`ª Ges `yB Kb¨vÑ kZ`jevwmbx I kvwšÍevjv| Aí eq‡m fz‡c›`ªi g„Zz¨ n‡j iRbx `ytL-fvivµvšÍ g‡b ciw`b iPbv K‡ib GK †e`bvweayi MvbÑ †Zvgvwi †`Iqv cÖv‡Y †Zvgvwi †`Iqv `yL,/ †Zvgvwi †`Iqv ey‡K, †Zvgvwi Abyfe|/

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RyjvB 2018

†Zvgvwi `ybq‡b †Zvgvwi †kvK-evwi,/ †Zvgvwi e¨vKzjZv †Zvgvwi nv nv ie| gv-evevi mvwnZ¨cÖxwZ wK‡kvi iRbxKv‡šÍi Rxe‡b weivU cÖfve †d‡j| ¯¿xI wQ‡jb we`~lx, wZwb iRbxi KweZv wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Zb| fv½vKzwVi Zvi‡Kk¦i PµeZ©xi msMxZmvabv iRbxi g‡b Mfxi Qvc †d‡j| ˆkke †_‡KB wZwb ¯^Ztù‚Z©fv‡e evsjv I ms¯‹…‡Z KweZv wjL‡Z cvi‡Zb| Avi KweZv¸‡jv‡K Mv‡b iƒc w`‡Zb| cieZ©xKv‡j wZwb ev`¨hš¿ mn‡hv‡M Mvb cwi‡ekb Ki‡Zb| iRbxi KweZv ¯’vbxq cÎ-cwÎKvq cÖKvwkZ nZ| wZwb ZvrÿwYK Mvb iPbv K‡i wewfbœ Abyôv‡b MvB‡Z cvi‡Zb| GiKg GKwU Mvb ivRkvnx MÖš’vMv‡ii mgv‡e‡k gvÎ GK NÈvi g‡a¨ iPbv K‡iwQ‡jbÑ Ze, PiY wb‡¤œ, Drmegqx k¨vg-aiYx mimv;/ E‡aŸ© Pvn AMwYZ-gwY-iwÄZ b‡fv-bxjvÂjv/ †mŠg¨-gayi-w`e¨v½bv kvšÍ-Kzkj-`ikv| ¯^‡`kx Av‡›`vj‡b Zuvi Mvb wQj †cÖiYvi Drm| 1905 mv‡j e½f‡½i weiæ‡× KjKvZvi UvDb n‡ji Rbmfvq wejvZx cY¨ eR©b Ges ¯^‡`kx cY¨ MÖn‡Yi wm×všÍ M„nxZ n‡j wZwb †j‡Lb †mB Awe¯§iYxq MvbÑ gv‡qi †`Iqv †gvUv Kvco gv_vq Zz‡j †b‡i fvB;/ `xb `ywLwb gv †h †Zv‡`i Zvi †ewk Avi mva¨ bvBÑ GB GKwU Mvb iPbvi d‡j ivRkvnxi cjø­xKwe iRbxKvšÍ mgMÖ e‡½i RvZxq Kwe KvšÍKwe iRbxKvšÍ n‡q I‡Vb I Rbmg‡¶ e¨vcK cwiwPwZ jvf K‡ib| Zuvi Mvb KvšÍMxwZ bv‡g AwfwnZ n‡Z _v‡K| G MvbwU evsjvq A™¢zZ MY-Av‡›`vjb I beRvMi‡Yi m„wó K‡i| Zuvi Av‡iKwU weL¨vZ cÖv_©bvmsMxZÑ Zzwg wbg©j Ki g½j K‡i, gwjb gg© gyQv‡q;/ Ze cyY¨-wKiY w`‡q hvK, †gvi †gvn Kvwjgv NyPv‡qÑ Zuvi Mv‡b wQj †`kvZ¥‡eva, fw³, †cÖg I nvm¨i‡mi Dcv`vb| Z‡e Zuvi †`kvZ¥‡evaK

Mv‡bi Av‡e`bB †ewk| ¯^‡`kx Kwe wn‡m‡eI h‡_ó myL¨vwZ AR©b K‡ib iRbxKvšÍ| we Gj wWwMÖ AR©‡bi gva¨‡g wk¶vRxeb †kl K‡i 1891 mv‡j wZwb ivRkvnx‡Z AvBb †ckvq wb‡qvwRZ nb| Zuvi †R¨VvgkvB ZLb †mLv‡b cÖvKwUm Ki‡Zb| d‡j AvBb †ckvq iRbxi `ªæZ DbœwZ n‡Z _v‡K| wKš‘ AvBb †ckvi †P‡q mvwnZ¨-mvs¯‹…wZK Kg©Kv‡Ð †ewk m¤ú„³ _vKvq wZwb g‡°j‡`i Pvwn`vgvwdK mgq w`‡Z cvi‡Zb bv| cieZ©xKv‡j wKQzw`b wZwb bv‡Uvi Ges bIMuv †Rjvq A¯’vqx gy‡Ýd wn‡m‡e KvR K‡ib| iRbxKvšÍ kvixwiK Kmir Ges †Ljva~jvq AvMÖnx wQ‡jb| wZwb dzUej I wµ‡KU †Lj‡Z cQ›` Ki‡Zb| MÖv‡gi wbi¶i gwnjv‡`i wk¶v cÖmv‡iI wZwb AMÖYx f‚wgKv cvjb K‡ib| RxeÏkvq Zuvi evYx (1902), Kj¨vYx (1905) I Ag„Z (1910) bv‡g wZbwU MÖš’ cÖKvwkZ nq| g„Zy¨i c‡i Afqv (1910), Avb›`gqx (1910), wekÖvg (1910), m™¢veKzmyg (1913) I †kl`vb (1916) bv‡g Zuvi AviI 5wU eB cÖKvwkZ nq| iRbxKvšÍi Mvb cÖavbZ wn›`y¯Ívbx kv¯¿xq msMxZ Nivbvi| G‡Z KxZ©b, evDj I Uàvi h_vh_ mswgkÖY NwU‡q wZwb msMxZvbyivMx‡`i gb Rq K‡ib| 1909 mv‡j wZwb KÉbvjxi cÖ`vnRwbZ †iv‡M AvµvšÍ nb| weªwUk Wv³vi cix¶vwbix¶v †k‡l Zuvi j¨vwi¼m& K¨vbmvi mbv³ K‡ib| wZwb KjKvZvi bvgRv`v wewfbœ Wv³vi‡`i kiYvcbœ nb wKš‘ Ae¯’vi DbœwZ nqwb| 1910 mv‡ji 10 †deªæqvwi K¨v‡Þb †Wbn¨vg ûqvB‡Ui ZË¡veav‡b KjKvZv †gwWK¨vj K‡jR nvmcvZv‡j Zuvi UªvwKI‡Uvwg Acv‡ikb nq| G‡Z wKQzUv Av‡ivM¨ wgj‡jI wZwb wPiZ‡i evKkw³ nvivb| gnvivRv gbx›`ªP›`ª b›`x I kirKzgvi ivq Zuv‡K Avw_©K mn‡hvwMZv K‡ib| 1910 mv‡ji 11 Ryb iex›`ªbv_ iRbxKvšÍ‡K †`L‡Z nvmcvZv‡j Av‡mb| iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii m‡½ mv¶v‡Zi ci wZwb G MvbwU iPbv K‡ibÑ Avgvq mKj iK‡g KvOvj K‡i‡Q, Me© Kwi‡Z P‚i,/ ZvB hk I A_©, gvb I ¯^v¯’¨, mKwj K‡i‡Q `~i|/ H ¸‡jv me gvqvgq iƒ‡c, †d‡jwQj †gv‡i AnwgKv-K‚‡c,/ ZvB me evav miv‡q `qvj K‡i‡Q `xb AvZzi|... MvbwU KweZv AvKv‡i wj‡L †evjcy‡i iex›`ªbv‡_i Kv‡Q cvVv‡bv n‡j Kwe 30 RyjvB wdiwZ wPwV‡Z iRbxKv‡šÍi mvwnZ¨ cÖwZfv I †MŠiegq f‚wgKvi cÖksmv K‡i †j‡Lb, ÔGi gva¨‡gB Zuvi AšÍivZ¥v kw³ I mvnm RywM‡q me©cÖKvi e¨_v-†e`bv †_‡K Zuv‡K gy³ ivL‡e|Õ iRbxKv‡šÍi †kl w`b¸‡jv wQj Am¤¢e e¨_vq cwic~Y©| 1910 mv‡ji 13 †m‡Þ¤^i g½jevi ivZ mv‡o AvUUvq GB ¶YRb¥v msMxZKvi ci‡jvK Mgb K‡ib| wbR¯^ cÖwZ‡e`b


Bw›`iv MvÜx mvs¯‹…wZK †K›`ª I fviZxq nvB Kwgk‡bi A by ôv b gv jv

27 Ryb 2018 Bw›`iv MvÜx mvs¯‹…wZK †K›`ª (AvBwRwmwm) Av‡qvwRZ msMxZ mܨvq kÖx mÄqKzgvi e¨vbvwR© I kÖxgZx †Kqv e¨vbvwR©i wn›`y¯Ívbx kv¯¿xq msMxZ cwi‡ekbv

dzUe‡ji gva¨‡g eÜyZ¡! 29 Ryb 2018 e½eÜy RvZxq †÷wWqv‡g XvKv¯’ fviZxq nvB Kwgkb I evsjv‡`k dzUej †dWv‡ik‡bi g‡a¨ AbywôZ cÖxwZ dzUej g¨vP

c`©vi AšÍiv‡ji Kg©x‡`i cÖwZ AvšÍwiK ab¨ev`! 13 Ryb 2018 nvB Kwgkbvi kÖx nl©ea©b wkÖsjvi BwÛqv nvD‡R evsjv‡`kx wbivcËv I mnvqZvKg©x‡`i m‡½ C‡`i ï‡f”Qv wewbgq


Regd. No. DA 355 Bharat Bichitra June 2018

evwiavivi K‚U‰bwZK †Rv‡b fviZxq nvB Kwgk‡b bewbwg©Z P¨v‡Ýwi feb

fviZxq nvB Kwgk‡bi me©‡kl Z_¨ Rvb‡Z Avgv‡`i I‡qemvBU, †dmeyK, UzBUvi I BDwUDe wbqwgZ wfwRU Kiæb, jvBK w`b I UzBU d‡jv Kiæb:

www.hcidhaka.gov.in /IndiaInBangladesh @ihcdhaka /HCIDhaka

Bharat Bichitra July 2018  

Bharat Bichitra: The High Commission of India has been publishing a Bengali literary monthly magazine 'Bharat Bichitra' for the last 45 year...

Bharat Bichitra July 2018  

Bharat Bichitra: The High Commission of India has been publishing a Bengali literary monthly magazine 'Bharat Bichitra' for the last 45 year...

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