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Environmenta

overing Canada

JULY 2005

multi-blHIon dollar environmental protection Industry since 1988

WWW.esemag.com

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ES&E guide to Covernment

& Associations

Storm sewer rehabilitation using shotcrete lining

The establishment of Canadian

biosolids partnerships

Reducing petroleum levels in contaminated groundwater

On-line turbidimeter helps

region meet new regulation liMttiHiiHk..


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Con ISSN-0835-605X

July 2005 Vol. 18 No.3

issued July, 2005 ES&E invites articies (approx. 1000 words) on water, wastewater, hazardous waste treat ment and other environmentai protection top ics. If you are interested in submitting an arti cle for consideration, please contact Steve Davey at steve@esemag.com. Please note that Environmentai Science & Engineering Publications inc. reserves the right to edit all submissions without notice.

FEATURES 07

A new take on the Flat Earth Society Editorial comment by Tom Davey

13

Pioneer environmentalist honoured

14

Membrane wastewater treatment plants cropping up in food industry On-line turbidimeter helps region comply with new regulation Modular equipment helps with RGB management Some vital do's and don'ts of atmospheric testing Plastic water main used in restricted space Critical requirements needed for accurate UV disinfection system sizing A blunt and powerful message from Ontario's Environmental

18 20 22 24

26 28

Commissioner 30 31 32

36

WERE releases report on endocrine disrupters in wastewater WEAO urged to be more proactive by keynote speaker The need for establishing Canadian biosolids partnerships Innovative reinforced concrete pipe drop structure used to construct stormwater outfall

DEPARTMENTS Environmental News

65-78

38

Storm sewer rehabilitation using shotcrete lining

Professional Cards

72

42

Advanced technology for the treatment of food industry

Product Showcase

66-69

Classifieds

70

Ad Index

77

process water 43

Reducing petroleum hydrocarbon contaminants in groundwater

50

How carwash recycling technologies developed A chemical storage structure designed to meet diverse needs It's not pulp fiction at a Weyerhaeuser pulp and paper mill Floating silt curtain protects North Saskatchewan River

51

Hazardous chemicals found in household dust

44 46 48

it Agencies &Associatio 52 57

4 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005


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, r 'ook before you

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asking these tough questions will give you the knowledge to make the right decision What size of particles does the system remove? Some systems are undersized to remove only large particles (3000-i-microns). The StormceptorÂŽ System can be designed to meet your project objective, whether it be large or small particle removal.When comparing systems, ensure that you are using the same particle-size criterion.

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Editorial

A new take on the Flat Earth Society

Many examples of Roman engineering

have

sur

"i * II 1 -1

i a

vived over two millennia

yet remain impressive even to sophisticated contemporary engineers. Aqueducts carrying water from the mountains to the Eternal City can still arouse admiration for the way the Romans achieved their goals by surmounting grades and valleys with out the advantage of electric pumping systems. Admittedly they used slave labour, when such brutality was com monplace. Roman engineers endowed their projects with artistry as well as engi neering ingenuity. The English city of Bath is a precise adjectival reminder that Roman engineering can still impress and indeed, endure for cen turies. The Roman baths in that city are still in use providing millions annually in tourist dollars, pounds and euros. A Scottish engineer once told me that some of the famous Roman fountains, still in use, were also pressure-relief devices as well as sculptural master pieces. Most ancient projects them selves are admired mainly for their artistry with little understanding of the benefits conferred by the engineering of roads, aqueducts, bridges, stadiums and water infrash-ucture.

It is a fool's game to predict the future but certain factors emerge when nations thrive; commerce, culture, education, literature and research, to name but five; but even these are not effective unless combined with a fair

judicial system where property rights, including intellectual properties, are protected. It is ironic that at a time when the

global economy is mentioned virtually every day, a new controversial thesis has emerged in a book: The World is Flat: A Brief History of the TwentyFirst Century by Thomas Friedman. Reviewer David Ticoll argued in the Globe & Mail that the web-enabled

world is changing the face of interna tional commerce with open-sourcing,

By Tom Davey, Editor

fk

^

-

1 The Coliseum - tangible evidence of durable Roman engineering. outsourcing and other manifest changes such as nanotechnology. The pace of progress has been stag gering. Who could have predicted tiny portable phones which can also act as cameras, play music and allow text messaging and be affordable by teenagers? Who could have predicted that Europe would design and fly a new Airbus which is vastly bigger than Boeing 747s? Technology is now impacting on virtually all industrial activities, lowering costs and vastly improving manufacturing processes, including the way this magazine is pro duced. Everything from research, writ ing, getting contributions by e-mail, copy editing and graphic designs are now produced in-house. Now in its 18th year, Environmental Science & Engineering, began life with a small computer used for writing which was later composed in 'cold type' at the print er's shop. This 'cold type' was later pho tographed and tumed into film in a labori ous process which today's young joumalists have never even heard of.

Press day required two heavy boxes of film and pasted layouts being lugged to the printer where they then underwent yet other processes before the presses could roll. Compare this to the May 2005 issue ofES&E which contained 88 pages and everything - including typesetting, pho tographs, and advertisements - was conveyed to the printer on two CDs weighing a mere few grams. This is a

quantum leap in printing which Gutenberg would not have recognized. Conversely even as late as 30 years ago, typesetting was done in molten lead, the first of several laborious stages in the printing process of trans muting ideas from authors to readers, a process which Gutenberg certainly would have immediately recognized. North America became a global leader in research and commerce with unmatched academic facilities and

engineering. Like the Romans, American engineers impressed the world with such epic projects as the Panama Canal and the Hoover Dam. The US also invented the world's first

skyscrapers which were a symbiotic structural breakthrough made feasible only by the invention of the elevator which in turn was the step child of electrical engineering, a discipline leading to French and Japanese high speed super trains. Canada so far, is doing quite well, despite huge wastage through political blundering and corruption and patron age such as that emerging from the Gomery Enquiry. Canada prospered largely because of its abundant water and agricultural resources, plus its engineering expertise which is impres sive. Canadian engineers built the St. Lawrence Seaway; harnessed electrical power from Niagara Falls; built the CN Tower and other major projects. An

important social factor was the rela tively low crime rates of Canadian continued overleaf...

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 7


Editorial citizens and its well educated and skilled work force.

But those who ignore the mistakes of the past are doomed to repeat them - and there are warning signs emerg ing. Today, warns Thomas Friedman,the percentage of US enrolments in sci ence and mathematics is declining, while demand for such expertise grows five percent annually. The proportion of US engineering graduates eurrently hovers around five percent compared to 25 percent in Russia and 46 percent in China. Economically, Russia is not doing well because of some turbulent legacies from political instability yet China is enjoying an unprecedented surge in its manufacturing sector, rang ing from shirts to high value technolo gy projects such as the Three Gorges Dam now reaching completion. Meanwhile China also enjoys sig

EnvironmentalScience

prosperity for granted. Economically, the world, according to Thomas Friedman, is flat, an imagi native metaphor for the complexities of the web-based global playing field. This also means a level playing field which could seriously impact our cur-

China enjoys significant

TOM DAVEY

E-mail: tom@esemag.com (No attachments please) Managing Editor SANDRA DAVEY E-mail; sandra@esemag.com Sales Director

PENNY DAVEY

E-mall: penny@esemag.com Sales Representative DENISE SIMPSON E-mail; denlse@esemag.com Circulation Manager VIRGINIA MEYER E-mail: virginia@esemag.com

Great Wall... palpable

Design & Production CHRIS MAC DONALD E-mail; chrls@esemag.com

evidence that nations can fall from the

commanding heights of power,to nationwide poverty,only to rise again.

Publisher

STEVE DAVEY

E-mail; steve@esemag.com

Technical Advisory Board Jim Bishop Stantec Consulting Ltd., Ontario Bill Borlase, P.Eng. City of Winnipeg, Manitoba George V. Crawford, P.Eng., M.A.Sc. CH2M HILL, Ontario

wall is palpable evidence that nations can fall from the commanding heights of power, to nation-wide poverty, only to rise again. It is, perhaps, a warning that Canadians cannot take our current

wars.

turies-old Great Wall of China. This

Editor

tourist dollars from its

rent high standards to living. Canadians should prepare to compete against new forces entering the world's economies. Education in science and technology and the integrity of the judicial system will be our best weapons in any trade

nificant tourist dollars from its cen

& Engineering

Bill DeAngelis, P.Eng. Associated Engineering, Ontario Dr. Robert C. Landine

ADI Systems inc., New Brunswick Peter Laughton, M.Eng., P.Eng., DEE R.V. Anderson Associates Limited, Ontario

Stanley Mason, P.Eng. British Coiumbia

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Environmental Science & Engineering is a bi-monthly business publication of Environmental Science & Engineering Publications Inc. An all Canadian pubiication, ES&E provides authoritative editorial coverage of Canada's municipal and industrial environmental control systems and drinking water treatment and distribution. Readers include consulting engineers, industrial plant managers and engineers, key municipal, provincial and federal environmental officials, water and wastewater plant operators and contractors.

Greatario Engineered Storage Systems Tel;(519) 469-8169 Fax;(519)469-8157 wwm.greatario.com

ITS NOT A TANK UNTIl IT'S BUILT... 8 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

Information contained in fSSf has been compiled from sources believed to be correct. ES&E cannot be respon sible for the accuracy of articles or other editorial mat ter. Although the information contained in this magazine is believed to be correct, no responsibility is assumed. Articles in this magazine are intended to provide infor mation rather than give legal or other professional advice. Articles being submitted for review should be e-mailed to chris@esemag.coni.

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Feedback

Letters to the editor Dear Mr. Davey, I just received the ES&E magazine and I read your editorial page on the Kyoto accord. I'm surprised and shocked by the lit tle science behind your editorial posi tion. The title of your article stands against the satire but the larger portion of your text is a cynical look at the fed eral government's actions. You can take a position against what the federal gov ernment, or the ruling Liberal party has done. However, if they did anything good recently, it would have to be the small steps forward that have been made toward implementation of the Kyoto protocol. Do you realize that the worldwide emission reductions required under the Kyoto accord are just a tiny fraction of

your editorial, but feel the ranting about the ineptitude of the government is out of place with the title of your publication. I should have thought that "Environmental Science & Engineering" would provide the readership witl: facts about Kyoto. We organized some workshops on air quality issues last year. In the prepa ration I was struck by the basic figures. I too thought once that the I-ton chal lenge was silly, not any more. NASA puts the earth's atmosphere at 5.1kg x 10 to the 18th power, or 5.1 million bil lion tons.

of data would seem to indicate','mod els would seem to suggest', 'has the potential to be a reality...' etc., etc. No - we have moved to global warming somehow being an undeniable fact. How did that happen? If we were to do

the reductions that are needed to "stabi

lize" the CO2 concentration at twice what it was only a few decades ago. I'm sure you know that even with "just"

doubling the CO2 concentration, we will still experience significant climate change that will have human, ecologi cal and financial impacts greater than any other foreseeable threat. Since Kyoto itself is a small step in the right direction, you have the choice to help the leg move forward or you can decide to sulk, don't do anything and protest that the other leg (eg: the USA leg) is not moving fast enough. The argument that Canada's emis sion reductions are too small to have a

significant effect on global warming is no argument. If every country with emissions below our own said that, 95% of the countries wouldn't do any thing and then in turn, the remaining 5% would refuse to do anything as well!

It's like an overloaded plane of 100 seats with 110 passengers booked. 1 can refuse to get off arguing that there will still be nine seats missing (my lit tle action won't have a significant impact)! But if everyone has 'this "great" way of thinking, nobody will give up their seat and nobody will get to fly (or worse, the plane will crash because it's too heavy!). Jean-Philippe Monfet Environmental Director

Canam Group Inc. Dear Mr. Davey, I agree with some of the statements in

rational debate and divides viewpoints into 'good' and 'evil', (para. 1) 2. Global warming is undeniably a serious threat,(para. 4) The last few years certainly have been interesting to watch how that tran sition from 'well-meaning initiative' has been made and what the primary signs are of the uptake of the 'pseudo religion' aspect that you seem to be referring to. This assumes that 'wellmeaning' isn't just a euphemism for something that wasn't a tad secretly manipulative all along. However, if acceptance of the notion that Kyoto had MY best interests at heart makes me queasy, the second ref erence makes me very uncomfortable especially that word 'undeniably'. Really? No qualifiers such as 'some scientists believe', 'one interpretation

a survey of the most esteemed scien tists in the world who have researched

Whereas today with a world popula tion of 6.3 billion each one of us has

about 800,000 tons of air to breath, by 2050 with a population of 9 billion people that will have shrunk to about 560,000 tons.

Considering the continuing increase in energy consumption, it is safe to assume that air quality will get worse. Consider we are using 84mbbl oil per day today, 2mbbl more than a year ago. If you consider then that 1 liter of gaso

this issue, the only things guaranteed are 1)there will be a very wide opinion of global warming, i.e. its reality (or lack thereof), its characteristics, its seriousness (or lack thereof), the appropriate response and so on and 2) it's much better for scientists and 'inter

ested parties' to be waving the 'global warming sky is falling' flag than to be waving the 'everything is fine, busi ness as usual' flag. Lots and lots of 'knowledgeable' people jumping on the bandwagon doesn't make it a fact - no more than it

being a fact that the government taking line produces 2.3kg of CO2, you start a few zillion bucks out oftaxpayer wal to get the picture. The EPA says that 1 lets to register firearms owned by lawaverage tree absorbs about 201bs of abiding citizens will make one iota of difference to crimes involving guns CO2 per year! That is why I believe each one of us (which as you so aptly point out are mainly committed with unregistered needs to look at what he can do to reduce the impact on the environment. weapons). Closer examination reveals that most of these people simply have Gernot Seebacher, hugely vested interests in propelling a Hermont Marine Inc. particular point of view. The fact that there is such a diver

Dear Mr. Davey, I'm trying to make some sense out of your editorial in the areas where it contains the following statements: 1. The Kyoto Accord has developed from a well-meaning international ini tiative to reduce global warming into a pseudo religion which transcends

10 Environmental Science & Engineering, July 2005

gence of opinion just within the scien tific community would certainly lead me to believe that global warming is anything other than 'undeniable' frankly, I can't imagine that any evi dence has been produced so far that simply can't be challenged and is regarded as irrefutable. continued overleaf...


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Feedback ■■■■■■■■ My guess is that this will all be fod der for a future head-shaking exercise over the water cooler - an 'I can't

believe the public ever bought into that bill of goods foisted upon them' moment when it has sunk in that the

taxpayer has been creatively fleeced this time over another round of what

amounted to pseudo science elevated to a feverous pitch - hmmm... sounds more like that pseudo religion kicking in that you were talking about. I read an interesting article on the use of sunscreen and the possibility that there are now many people suffer ing from a lack of vitamin D as a result of not getting near enough sunshine exposure. Over and over we see rever sal of opinion and my money is on this being the case with global warming as well.

Vern Martin, Kitchener, ON

One of my several points was that Kyoto is a complex multi-disciplinary issue yet TV commercials featured a comedian to exhort Canadians to "take

the one tonne challenge."Istand by my point that it is Kyoto's 'Emissions Trading' which I think is "a witches

brew of economics, international poli tics, ecology, and oceanography, to name a few." And yes, I have heard at least one learned scientist seriously question the Global Warming concept, or, if you like, theory. In Arizona, I attended a seminar at Biosphere 2 where learned speakers discussed the issues, including the 'little Ice Age' to show how our climate has been volatile

in the past, eg. not all that long ago, in historical terms, when Londoners skat

ed on The Thames. None ofthe critical letters received so far has mentioned emissions trading which I believe will be unenforceable. — Tom Davey Dear Mr. Davey, In the September issue of ES&E, your magazine is writing about an health advisory issued by Health Canada. As a French Canadian mining engineer working in the chrysotile asbestos mining camp of Thetford Mines, I would have appreciated if the term tremolite asbestos contaminated vermiculite had been used instead of

plain asbestos. That difference is made in the official advisory by Health Canada.

I do make a living from chrysotile asbestos mining and I am not ashamed

of it because I strongly believe that it could be used in safe ways and help to improve the environment because it is a durable product (chryso-cement shin gles as example). 1 know a lot about risks and dangers and I realize that people don't know the truth about day to day risks. Asbestos is not a sub stance by itself, it is a family of miner als and it is divided into two groups. Although chrysotile asbestos is a known carcinogenic substance, it is believed to be a lot less aggressive and biopersistent than tremolite and other amphiboles. I would like to see an article about

the dangers associated with the 0.5 to 1.5% benzene content in gasoline. By the way, are you aware that benzene is classified by the lARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) in the same group as chrysotile asbestos? People are not afraid, except maybe by the price, when they fill up their cars but the risk is not zero. People are using cellular phones close to their brains and there is no proof that in the long run there will be no harm. Jean Garant, eng., M.Sc. Thetford Mines, Quebec.

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Process Products and instrumentation - SOLUTIONS 12 Environmental Science & Engineering, July 2005


Environmental History

Pioneer environmentalist honoured

at St. Marys,Ontario

Canada'sgreatest environmentalist,the late Dr.Albert

Edward Berry, P.Eng., Ph.D, Order of Canada, was honoured by the renaming of a historic and refur bished water treatment facility in his home town of St. Marys, Ontario. Dr. Berry was one

Just prior to unveiling a plaque on the refurbished plant with Mayor Tony Winter, guest speaker Tom Davey, Editor of Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine said:

he walked to public

"When the history of environmental sciences is written in Canada, the name ofDr. Albert Edward Berry will be dominant. Some 60 years before the so called birth ofthe Green Movement, Dr. Berry was vigorously fighting for new treatment facilities

school a mile from

across Ontario. His influence was felt across North America."

his birthplace. After gaining a B.A.Sc from the University of Toronto, he worked briefly for

to England as a 2nd

Noting that Dr. Berry's Master's thesis was on garbage disposal, Tom enquired:"What would he think ofthe current practice of shipping Toronto garbage to Detroit, Michigan, using some 150 diesel tmcks a day?" Although Dr. Berry never had any children, the extended Berry family of nephews, nieces, great nephews and great nieces were there, including another Dr. Albert Berry, a nephew from his younger brother's family, and a Professor

Lieutenant with the

Emeritus at the U ofT.

of nine children and

began a brilliant aca demic career when

the Ontario Board of

Health before going

':fe

Health Organization. The restored water treatment plant in St. Marys maintained its original stonework but with totally modem treatment facilities.

Royal Engineers. Following his service Dr. Berry- photo copyright Tom Davey

in World War I, he returned to Canada to

what became the Department of Public Health. He then took a Master's degree with a thesis on refuse collection and dis posal. Some eighty years later, garbage disposal remains one of Ontario's most intractable problems. His decision to take a Ph.D at the U of T's School of

Hygiene caused difficulties as engineers were not encour aged to cross disciplinary lines and obstacles were placed in his way. But academe was dealing with a very determined man. He obtained his Ph.D with a thesis on the viability of pathogenic organisms in milk, a thesis which led to the

Ontario legislature making milk pasteurization compulsory. In 1926, Dr. Berry was appointed Director of the

Department of Health's Division of Sanitary Engineering where he investigated a number of epidemics, some from milk, others from water-borne diseases.

Some of his 'Mandatory Orders' were strenuously opposed by some municipalities but they were fighting a man renowned for his tenacity and the orders were eventual ly obeyed. His work in translating scientific epidemiology into legislative realities did not go unnoticed at Queen's Park. In 1956 Dr. Berry was appointed General Manager and

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July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 13


Cover Story

Membrane wastewater treatment plants cropping up in food industry

Variability is unacceptable in

water. Although the plant implemented innovative new procedures to dramatical ly reduce water consumption, the aging batch reactor was still having difficulty keeping up. The neighbours also noticed, as odours from the plant's equalization

build services to Richardson Foods,

lines are finely tuned to deliver high quality products that consistently meet customer expectations every time. Whereas variability in manufacturing is virtually unthinkable for quality controllers, the unpredictable nature of the byproducts generated by the food

tanks, which held the raw wastewater

tion (DAF) pretreatment system, a

prior to treatment, would waft through

membrane bioreactor system, and all pipes, pumps, blowers, and control

By Lawrence Novachis

the food and beverage industry. Great care is taken to ensure that production

and beverage industry is a constant challenge for wastewater treatment

plants and their operators. Such is the case for Richardson

Foods, a growing food manufacturer in the small south-western Ontario town

of St. Marys that makes a wide range

town on hot summer days. "In 1999 Richardson Foods began

constructing a much larger facility about one kilometre (0.6 miles) from our pre vious site," says Dave Dykeman, Maintenance and Engineering Manager, at Richardson Foods."We saw this as an

ideal opportunity to upgrade our onsite wastewater treatment plant to a system that would treat the highly variable waste stream from our production lines. We wanted a system that was robust.

dae toppings, drink syrups, and salad dressings. With the capability to man

product lines as it does in its wastewater composition. "There is a great deal of variability

about half the size of the old one, and

its automated functionality means that we can still run it with only one opera tor."

ZeeWeed membrane cassettes are

duces," says Ivan Facey, Environmental

immersed directly in the mixed liquor

and provide ultrafiltration for up to

Technician, at Richardson Foods. The

wastewater is high in oil, grease and sugar, and changes every day; it really depends what particular products are being manufactured. We see BOD ranging from 1,500 to 4,000 mg/L, while COD can go from 3,500 to 6,000 mg/L." Like many food and beverage man

the community's wastewater treatment

membranes, and more recently a new

filter press," says Dave Dykeman. "However, the treatment plant is only

brane tanks.

in the wastewater that the plant pro

water to the municipal sewer since the high organic content would overwhelm

manage such as the DAF system, the

turing processes is first discharged to an equalization tank and is then pumped into the DAF system for oil and grease removal. Pretreated wastewater is pumped to an aerobic bioreac tor where sugars and other organic compounds are digested before the mixed liquor is pumped to the mem

ufacture over 200 different products for the food service industry, Richardson Foods, a division of Fteinz Canada, has as much diversity in its

permitted to discharge its raw waste-

equipment. "Our new treatment plant has intro duced many new processes for us to

Wastewater from the food manufac

of condiments including sauces, sun

ufacturers, Richardson Foods is not

providing a single-source of accounta bility for the turn-key project. The plant was quickly constructed in seven months during 2000, and included an equalization tank, a dissolved air flota

a

150 m^ (40,000 gallons) of wastewater per day. Thousands of membrane fibers hang loosely in each membrane cassette and a slight vacuum is applied to the end of each membrane fiber to

draw water through microscopic pores and into the hollow fibers. With a

nominal pore size of 0.04 pm, the highly automated, efficient both in cost and process, and would produce very lit

membrane fibers act as a physical bar

tle odour."

rier, preventing suspended solids from entering into the final effluent.

Richardson Foods explored several options that included conventional sys

"The ZeeWeed system produces effluent with a BOD reading that

tems and membranes. The company's

ranges between 2 to 10 mg/L, well

evaluation showed that a ZENON

below the regulated BOD requirement of 300 mg/L for the municipal sewer,"

plant(WWTP). An on-site system was required, and in 1986, Richardson Foods installed a sequencing batch reactor to provide pretreatment of the wastewater prior to releasing it to the

immersed ultrafiltration (UF) mem

municipal WWTR

containerized ZeeWeedÂŽ industrial

Since the system removes solids by filtration rather than settling, the

Food production continued to increase, and by 1999, the batch reactor was hav ing trouble treating up to 189 mVday (50,000 GPD) of nutrient-rich waste-

system could be easily and cost-effec tively expanded and upgraded to

al treatments, and can operate at a

brane system would provide the best performance at the lowest cost, and the

accommodate future needs.

ZENON supplied complete design-

14 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

says Ivan Facey.

process is much faster than convention much higher mixed liquor suspended continued overleaf...


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Cover Story BE >THINK> INNOVATE >

As easy as

plug an

solids (MLSS) concentrations. Richardson Foods operates its bioreactor at an MLSS of 12,000 mg/L, compared to 3,000 to 5,000 mg/L for a conventional system.

chemical usage for Richardson Foods. The batch reactor required approxi mately 300 L of hypochlorite per week to combat filamentous bacteria growth in the bioreactor. However, Ivan Facey

This higher MLSS concentration in the ZeeWeed MBR, coupled with a longer solids retention time, means that Richardson Foods is producing far less sludge than with its previous batch

the ZeeWeed MBR, and has been able to reduee the plant's hypochlorite con sumption to just 40 L/week, which is now used for membrane cleaning

reactor system. The batch reactor would produce about 30 m^ (8,000 gal

pum

lons) of sludge per day that had to be

DbsingpaQ: PRECISE METERING MADE EASY

removed by tanker truck, whereas the MBR produces only about 15 per cent of that amount.

Tanker trucks are no longer required by the company since the fil ter press was installed. The press dewaters sludge from the DAF and the MBR to 35 per cent solids that are dis posed of in the landfill, which has reduced disposal costs by an addition al 15 per cent. The efficiency of the system, com bined with the new equalization tank has also dramatically reduced odours from the plant. The new equalization tank is completely covered with only a small vent to release gases. Flowever, the membranes provide much faster treatment than the old batch reactor, so raw wastewater does not sit for long in the equalization tank. According to Ivan Facey the equalization tank is sel dom more than 50 percent full for any length of time. "We have a subdivision right across the road from the plant, but since our new system went online we have not had a single complaint about odour," Ivan Facey says."With our old plant, it was almost a daily occurrence during the warm summer weather."

The operation ofthe system is high ly automated and fibers can be easily cleaned with a clean-in-place backpulsing process that forces permeate water back through the membranes.

This dislodges any particles that may The Grundfos DosingpaQ consists of pump systems designed to offer an accurate and dependable dosing package with standard dosing pump components. Easy to install and set-up, DosingpaQ is the turnkey solution for your chemical injection needs.

GRUNDFOS'>\

adhere to the membranes. Aeration of the membranes is also used to scour

debris from the fibers and provides mixing within the process tank to maintain solids in suspension. When necessary, in situ chemical cleaning can be automatically performed if membrane fouling reduces permeabili ty below a specified performance level.

Efficient and automated cleaning processes have also reduced some

16 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

is not concerned about such bacteria in

processes.

Food and beverage producers throughout North America and the world are turning to advanced mem brane technology to achieve regulatory compliance with compact and costeffective on-site wastewater treatment

plants. The modular technology can easily accommodate much larger pro ducers with greater volumes of wastewater, such as a potato processing plant in Idaho that produces 5,000 mVday (1.3 MGD) of wastewater that is high in nitrogen. Constructed and commissioned in only seven months, ZeeWeed MBR reduced total nitrogen to only 6 mg/L, enabling the potato processor to safely discharge the efflu ent into the environment.

The membranes can also upgrade an existing conventional treatment plant to produce tertiary quality efflu ent. Such was the case for a large olive cannery in California that needed advanced treatment for wastewater that

is high in ferrous gluconate, acetic acid, salt, sodium benzoate, calcium chloride, soluble organics, and organic particulate. The membranes now filter up to 3,000 mVday (800,000 GPD) of effluent from the plant's bioreactors and produce high quality water that is discharged directly to a local river. The plant does not discharge any wastes to the municipal treatment plant and no longer pays municipal surcharges for wastewater treatment.

Membrane-based wastewater treat

ment options vary considerably for food and beverage producers—from retrofit applications for existing plants to compact new systems that will not only meet or exceed today's require ments but will position operators to comply with increasingly stringent regulations that are yet to come. Lawrence Novachis, P.Eng., MBA, is Vice-President, Industrial Systems, ZENON Environmental Inc., www.zenon.com


k

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The Corrugated Steel Pipe Institute Is a Canadian Association of manufacturers of corrugated steel pipe and material suppliers. With production facilities and technically trained sales staff in communities throughout Canada, we work with you to create flexible and versatile solutions to meet your unique requirements. Through CSPI, we share our vast resource of knowledge and experience in order to bring to you the greatest value for today's dollar. Members: Fabricators: Armtec Limited, Atiantic industries Ltd., Canada Culvert & Metai Products, FSi Cuivert inc., E.S. Hubbell & Sons Ltd., Prairie Steei Products Ltd., Soieno Inc., SPIR-L-OK Industries, Steelcor Culvert Ltd., Twister Pipe Ltd., Westman Steel industries. Steel Producers and Associates: Dofasco Inc., Steico inc., Noranda inc., Sorevco.

I CORRUGATED STEEL PIPE INSTITUTE 652 Bishop St., Unit 2A Cambridge, Ontario N3H 4V6 Phone:(519)650-8080 Fax:(519)650-8081 Email us at: info@cspi.ca 1 yisit our web site at www.cspi.c

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Instrumentation

On-line turbldlmeter helps Peel Region comply with new regulation

Ontario's Drinking Water Systems Regulation By Wayne A.Harrison,C.E.T.

170/03 was introduced in June 2003, and replaced Ontario Regulation 459/00 (Drinking Water Protection Regulation for Larger Waterworks). One new requirement involves continuously monitoring tur bidity in groundwater sources, following treatment. The Region of Peel, in the heart of southern Ontario's major urban centres, operates water treatment systems serv

ing more than 1 million residents. This includes a dozen well sites that serve approximately 50,000 people in the Town of Caledon, where the region installed 22 TMS 561 turbidimeters from USFilter Wallace & Tiernan Products in May 2002. The units provide continuous, on-line measurement of tur bidity, allowing the region to meet the new requirement and providing for efficient and safer operations. Undissolved substances such as inorganic or organic par ticles, colloids or gas bubbles cause turbidity. As light strikes these suspended particles, a small amount of light scatters throughout the fluid. The amount and properties (size, shape and color) of these particles determine the light's intensity. Turbidity measurement is based on the evaluation of the scattered light's intensity. The measurement value depends on the light's wavelength and either the measuring instru ments' geometry or the measurement angle. In order to

STORMWATER? NO PROBLEM

establish an internation

al turbidity standard, these parameters have been defined

by the USEPA(for U.S. applications) and ISO (for inter national applica tions). The TMS 561 tur

bldlmeter is designed for continuous on-line measurement of tur

bidity. Its measuring chamber consists of a rotational flow assem

bly with a replaceable glass cuvette. A specially designed flow head eliminates the need for a bubble trap and ensures an immediate response time. Either a white light(USEPA)or infrared light(ISO)lamp generates a beam of light, which passes through the sample. This light is measured by two sensors, arranged at a 90-degree angle. The resulting signal is conditioned by the integral elec tronics to provide a turbidity measurement reading in NTU. When calibrated against a known turbidity standard, the TMS 561 provides a continuous and accurate indication of turbidity. The turbldlmeter can register turbidity as low as 0.10 NTU and as high as 1,000 NTU. With the optional data acquisition package, up to 255 turbidimeters can be networked simultaneously. The turbidimeter's one-piece design eliminates the need to mount compo nents for each turbidimeter.

The HycorÂŽ ROMAG Stormwater Screen is a fine bar screen designed specifically for combined sewer, sanitary sewer overflows and storm sewer outfalls. It is available in various

configurations, and can handle flows from 219 to 4381+ L/s (5 to 100+ MGD.) The solids and floatables retained by the ROMAG are diverted to the wastewater treatment plant to eliminate solids handling at the screen site. The ROMAG is self-activating, self-cleaning, flexible, safe, automatic and energy efficient. It is an economical method of handling stormwater, and is ideal for remote locations. Parkson Canada 9045 C6te-de-Liesse Suite 201

PARKSON CORPORATION

www.parkson.com

are built into the measurement unit. Each turbidimeter sends

a 4-20 mA signal to the region's SCADA system, allowing operators to monitor turbidity levels remotely. Fast response time provides an early indication of process abnormality. To comply with the new regulation, the SCADA system can automatically shut off a well pump at any of the 12 sites if turbidity exceeds 1 NTU. As optics are not in contact with the sample, the chance of false low readings is reduced and the possibility of fouling the measurement detector is elimi nated, says the manufacturer.

DorvafQC H9P2M9 Tel.: 514-636-8712 Fax: 514-636-9718

AN AXEL JOHNSON INC. COMPAN'L'

Continuous Monitoring for Accurate Measurement TMS 561 turbidimeters now serve all wells currently operating at Peel's 12 sites. The units are positioned in close proximity to each well's chlorine analyzer, in order to use the same sample point. The unit's integral LCD display provides turbidity levels as well as messages for guidance in setup, calibration and troubleshooting. All of the electronics and operator controls

canada@parkson.com

18 Environmental Science & Engineering,My 2005

Wayne Harrison is Ontario Sales Managerfor USFilter Wallace & Tiernan Products. Contact: e-mail

colangek@usfilter com


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PCB Remediation

A review of modular equipment for PCB management By Cliff Holland

PCBshave steadily entered our environment by way of soil and

water

contamination.

Today's new technology and lessons learned have given way to a 'modular' approach to waste manage ment and to the elimination of PCBs.

llER-95T

S^}//m/i//ia£/i>eur

recovery""™

* urgency fteSPONSe i TRAINING

N

Scientists, engineers and entrepre neurs, who have developed niches to improve their products and services, are providing the market place with

\014001(4.4.7)

choices to make better and more cost-

effective decisions when designing response supplies and equipment. As a result, by selecting equipment and sup plies as modules, companies may develop and install diversified process es and procedures to meet their needs. Spill Management's(SMI)Recovery Unit is a custom-built BreMar Trailer

that is made of non-sparking-heavyduty aluminium. It will accommodate response equipment and portable open top tanks that facilitate the pre-treatment of wastewater by removing gross-contamination. This is accom plished by the use of vacuum,flocculation of suspended solids through phys

Weapons in the war against pollution. 5,437,793 and 5,746,925 / Chemical Abstract Service(CAS)#173967-80-1 and #173967-81-2]. The Hydrocarbon

Removal Matrix Cartridge (HRM Cartridge) System removes PCBs and dilute oil using equipment built by

ical treatment and the filtration of con

BMRP Inc. Brantfor^ Ontario, and

taminated water through the filtration

(www.invirodrum.com) and Mycelx®HRM Cartridge filtration units are

Mycelx technology (www.emrp.ca). A newly, developed sorbent material has been impregnated with the same Mycelx polymer to bond organic hydrocarbons to its chemistry or sor

mounted on a TanTum electric truck to

bent.

provide water treatment, training and emergency response capabilities. Both systems can be detached from the etruck and air lifted to previously unreachable or remote sites and they can also be operated from a response boat or barge while on the water. The HRM Cartridges have an extremely strong bonding attraction for select hydrocarbon compounds and

Emergency Response SMI's portable, diesel powered, InViro-Drum vacuum recovery-system is engineered to provide increased pump ing capability as well as pumping that allows operators to randomly separate and accumulate PCB waste into desig nated waste streams for transportation, treatment storage or transferring from the field. The unit can operate and/or support recovery and process equip ment. Traditional pumping systems cannot deliver this kind of pumping versatility. This vacuum recovery-sys tem reduces handling, clean-up and recovery costs for PCB and non-PCB contaminated oil, water, sludge and

system. The

In-Viro-Drum™

vacuum

will remove PCBs to below detectable

limits (BDL). These cartridges are polypropylene filter cartridges infused with a polymer compound that active ly bonds to hydrocarbons. The polymer compound is formed as a synthesis product of natural drying, semi-drying, and non-drying oils with a synthetic polymer [Composition Patents;

soil. The vacuum unit can also be idled down to lift oil from water or be used

20 Environmental Science & Engineering,tu\y 2005

at higher RPM to move debris by using a combination of vacuum and airflow.

Another plus for this vacuum unit or power pack is that it could be situat ed 200 ft from the receiving vessels while the receiving vessels are placed in close proximity to the work area. This would mean that only 20 to 30 feet of working hose is required to move the debris and only 20 to 30 feet of hose would have to be broken down

if a blockage occurred. This feature keeps the potentially long (air) suction hose, that is connected from the receiv ing vessel to the power pack, from being plugged or frozen. If, when vacuuming debris at -24 C, the hose carrying the debris to the receiving vessel forms a coating of ice and/or snow on the inside, the warm air that is generated on the 'vent-side' of the machine can be used to melt the ice and thus allows the use of the same

hose to complete the job. When working with PCBs, the InViro-Drum can be used to segregate and collect contaminated water, oil or

solid waste into separate waste con tainers by changing the suction hose to the appropriate receiving vessel or container and by connecting the hose with the vacuuming-head/stinger to the


PCB Remediation desired receiving vessel. The engi neered lids that are fitted to the receiv

ing vessels, feature an automatic-shutoff-system that provides a receiving vessel with a predetermined amount of freeboard and thus helps to prevent an unwanted spill of PCBs. Equipment used to clean up PCBs is designated to that product until it is decontaminated. To protect the vacuum equipment from being contaminated, filters and polish ing systems can be added to filter out PCB contamination.

Because the power pack works as an independent piece of equipment within the system of moving debris, so the unit readily supports scrubbers, fil ters and remediation-filtration-systems such as a Mycelx-HRM Cartridge fil

tration system. It works with predeter mined rates of vacuum and high air flow to move debris through the 3-inch hoses and into vacuum rated/engi neered receiving vessels, storage tanks and 45-gallon drums. Today's vacuum-trucks are equipped with a wide range of pumps or blower

other spills have to know the perform ance-limitation of their equipment when moving debris through 3-inch hoses. In the past these vacuum trucks have been used on spill sites and they become expensive pieces of equipment

spill as the hose sections are separated to search for the blockage. Similarly, if 200 ft of hose became plugged with the build up of frost during cold winter conditions, the 200 ft of hose will have

to be thawed or replaced.

until decontaminated. Vacuum trucks

working with high vacuum are normal ly moving debris across distances of up to 200 ft.

Should an operator experience a plugged hose while moving PCB con

CliffHolland is with Spill Management Inc. Contact e-mail: spillman@on.aibn.com

taminated material, the environment must be protected against a second

looH, <Vt <V|| It C(xn Aoi

r

systems to generate the suction required to move product, but opera tors using these trucks on PCB and

Call for Papers People for The 8"^ annual

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Process Automation

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Instruments are assets. Caring for them will help your plant run

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Organized by Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine and Canadian Environmental Regulation & Compliance News, this conference is the largest

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more efficiently. Manage your assets simply and economically throughout the plant life-cycle

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July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 21


Air Monitoring

Some vital do's and don'ts of

atmospheric testing

Every air monitoring program is

By David D.Wagner

filled with a number of choic

es that ultimately affect the safety of workers as they per form their daily duties. Typically the program is far from the core compe tency and productive focus of a com pany's workforce. Too often, the pro gram concentrates on doing only what is necessary to get by, rather than focus on what is involved with best practices in the industry. The following compris es some of the most common mistakes

encountered when the experts are called on to support their customer's atmospheric testing program: •Wrong sensors for the job.The most fundamental mistake in an air monitor

ing program is the lackof proper detec tion equipment. Somewhere along the way, a portable confined space gas monitor became defined as a four-gas instrument which detects oxygen, combustible gas, carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulphide. While two of those components, oxygen and combustible gas sensors, are a must in almost every

confined space application, the other two certainly are not. Confined spaces are different and the hazards found in

them will vary. Properly assessing the potential hazards up front, and ensur ing that the detection equipment is capable of effectively monitoring them is essential to the success of the pro gram.

• No remote sampling equipment. Regulations governing work in con fined spaces require that the atmos phere is tested and cleared of hazards

prior to a worker entering the space. This requirement would naturally lend itself to drawing a sample from within the space to the monitoring equipment. Too often however, you will walk up on a confined space entry and find someone dangling the instrument into the hole on the end of a rope. Avoiding the cost of the proper sampling equip ment is impressive until the instrument is damaged in the depths of the space and the cost of the repairs exceeds the cost of the sampling equipment in the first place. • Bad zero references. It's natural to

get to the job, take your monitor out of the truck, turn it on, look at the read-

Multi-gas monitors capable of simultaneously monitoring several gases are used in a wide variety of hazardous and confined space applications.

ings and initiate a zeroing function. This is done almost automatically without any knowledge as to whether or not the atmosphere you are standing in at the time is suitable for establish

ing a proper zero reference on the instrument. You must be certain that

the environment you are in is free of gas contaminants before zeroing your instrument and preparing to test the atmosphere. A clear indicator that you missed this step will be that the instru ment displays negative gas concentra tions in an absolutely clean atmos phere. If your instrument is not capable of displaying negative readings or automatically zeros during start-up, you likely will never know that this

22 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

mistake has been made.

• Improper calibration. Any instru ment will only be as aceurate and reli able as its calibration. The key to a good calibration is usually as easy as verifying that the gas concentration listed on the cylinder label matches the concentration setting for calibration in the instrument. It sounds easy, but the

instances of instrument users picking up a cylinder of gas at one concentra tion and using it to calibrate an instru ment requiring a different calibration gas reference are too numerous to dis cuss further here.

• Failure to test tbe equipment before use. This is an old story. The only way to be certain that your instru-


Air Monitoring ment detects gas, is to check it with gas before you use it. Performing a func tional test on a gas monitor is a simple task which takes only a few seconds. Why would you trust your life to a piece of equipment that you can only assume is functioning properly? Would you be comfortable stepping aboard an airplane if you knew that the pilot did not perform the required preflight inspection? Don't skip the preflight check on your gas monitor. • No correlation between oxygen and combustible gas readings. Most portable gas monitoring instruments used in air monitoring programs rely on catalytic diffusion type combustible gas sensors to provide readings relative to the lower explosive limit (LEL) of the combustible gas. However, it is not usually understood that these sensors rely heavily on the presence of oxygen to provide an accurate reading. If the oxygen concentration in an environ ment is below 10% of volume, a poten tially dangerous situation may go undetected because the combustible

sensor will not function properly. The best practice is to always ensure a valid correlation between the oxygen and combustible gas readings on your instrument before assuming a non-haz ardous atmosphere. • Test it then forget it. As discussed previously, regulations require testing the atmosphere prior to entering a con fined space. When the testing is com plete, the instrument goes back in the truck in too many cases. Why stop

there? Atmospheric conditions in many areas can change quickly and dramatically. Because all is clear and safe now is no indication that it will be

safe 15, 30 or 60 minutes from now. Keep the instrument out and continue monitoring that atmosphere as long as the work continues. In this case, it is

clearly much better to be safe than

cases, none of these sensors will truly only respond to a single gas. Most sen sors are affected by cross interferences from vapors other than the target com pound. Generally there is very little understanding of the effects of cross interfering gases on sensors and, there fore, a great deal of misinterpretation of the data they provide. • Weak internal standards. Don't

sorry.

• Lack of training. Frequently, a worker is handed an instrument,

assigned the task of performing the atmospheric testing, and sent on their way without any additional training or understanding of how to operate the instrument or interpret its readings. Training tools are plentiful. Videos, computer-based training modules, online tutorials and personalized semi nars are all readily available to help convey the knowledge and competency necessary for using gas monitoring instruments. Don't go out without hav ing a clear understanding of the equip ment and how to use it properly. • Misinterpretation of readings and data. Many people falsely believe that when they have identified that an atmospheric hazard exists but they do not know what the particular hazard is, they can take their portable gas moni tor into the area and it will specifically identify the problem. Nothing could be further from the truth. No portable gas monitor is capable of positively identi fying a particular unknown target. While gas monitoring instruments use

rely on equipment manufacturers to set your policy standards. Equipment manufacturers are experts on their equipment. They are not, nor do they claim to be in most cases, experts in your field of operations. Make certain that your policies are driven by best safety practices and not by what is most convenient or economically fea sible. Simply relying on the "manufac turer's recommendation" is no way to ensure that your program is built on the foundation of observing best prac tices whenever possible. These are only a few of the common mistakes made in air moni

toring programs throughout industry. However, if you pay attention to these factors you will be well on the way to ensuring that your gas monitoring pro gram is following the best known prac tices in the field.

David D. Wagner is General Manager, Sei-vice Operations, Industrial Scientific Corporation, Oakdale, PA. Contact: dwagner@indsci.com.

compound-specific sensors in some

If we don't measure it, how do you manage it? Providing a full range offlow monitoring and flow meter calibration services for municipal water, wastewater, and industrial applications.

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July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 23


Trenchless Technology

Plastic water main used In restricted

space in Ottawa

Trenchless pipeline instal ation

projects can be especially challenging when undertaken in urban surroundings where space is limited and traffic must be managed. In addition, the proximity of other underground services, as well as the need to ensure the safety of both the workers and the public, requires careful planning and design in order for the project to run smoothly. Stantec Consulting (Ottawa Office) recently completed a project with the City of Ottawa

By Brian C.Harris,REng. greater accuracy. Pit location also pro vided for the security of the drillers to ensure a successful operation.

joint uses the same gasket and bell design that city staff and contractors

Traffic constraints and the location

able gaskets in case oil resistant (nitrile) gaskets must be substituted. The unique locking mechanism on the joint allows the pipe to be pushed or pulled into place, and can withstand the highest pulling forces. This proper ty was important in this case as it pro vided flexibility, enabling the pipe to be pulled through the tunnel as pushing proved to be impractical. The pipe was pushed into place with no problems and the pipe was grouted into place once it was located

are familiar with, and even has remov

of the entrance pit eliminated the option of butt-fusing long lengths of HDPE pipe above ground and then pulling it into the entrance pit. Long lengths would have disrupted traffic for the entire duration of the trenchless

that included the installation of sewers and water mains that were 95% within the intersec

-feRltUNG PIT

tions of four major roads: Sussex

Drive, St. Patrick

S^ITARY SEWER

Street, Murray Drive and MacKenzie

Avenue.

within the rock bore.

The TerraBrute joint was designed by Dr. Erez Allouche, a noted expert in

SUffiBXDRJVE

These

DRiuuNG prr

streets are located in a major r-Si I

tourist area near the National

the field of trenchless tech

Gallery of Canada, Canada's Peacekeeping Memorial and the U.S. Embassy. The heavy traffic through the area required that disruption be kept to a minimum and consid erable traffic management and construction staging be under

nologies at the University of Western Ontario. While his

MACKENZIE AVENUE

STORM SEWER

taken.

nism to accommodate ther

While the roadbed consist

ed of granular material from 1.1 to 1.4 metres in depth, the depth of the frost line required that the water pipe be installed at least 3 metres below grade. This meant it was being installed in very strong lime stone bedrock, with fractures to various depths at some loca tions. Open cut excavation using hoe-ram or blasting techniques was quickly ruled out due to the con straints posed by the site. In addition, the rock hardness and depth of rock were factors in determining to place the pipe via horizontal rock boring in order to minimize disruptions. The entrance (tunneling) pit was located adjacent to the Sussex Drive median in the west bound St. Patrick

street traffic lanes. Placement ofthe pit at this location provided for shorter drilling distances, and, therefore.

main interest was to modify the joint on standard C900 pipe to allow it to be used for directional drilling, he also sought to make the product as versatile as possible by allowing the locking mecha

St.Patrick Street Rehabilitation

in the City of Ottawa. installation, as the pipe must be com pletely fused before installation begins. This would have meant that a 75 metre length of 300 mm diameter pipe would be stretched across a major downtown intersection for hours. TerraBrute offered a solution to this

issue as 6 metre lengths could fit inside the entrance pit, eliminating need to string pipe across the intersec tion. Each segment of pipe could be assembled as the pipe was pushed in. TerraBrute's standard bell and spigot

24 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

mal expansion and contrac tion (essential for bridge crossings), as well as both pushing and pulling forces. In addition, the mechanism he developed will withstand over 120,000 lbs of straight pull force for 300 mm pipe the strongest thermoplastic pipe ever developed for these applications. Ishwar Bhatia and Fern Marcuccio

of the City of Ottawa, John Kubiseski, Marathon Drilling, and Surrinder Aggarawal, Trow Consulting, assisted in this complicated project, completed with a minimum of disruption in one of the busiest areas of the City. Brian C. Harris, REng., is an Associate with Stantec Consulting Ltd. Tel: 613.724.4374


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Disinfection

Critical requirements needed for accurate UV disinfection system sizing

Ultraviolet wastewater treat ment offers several advan

tages to municipalities. The inherent safety of chemicalfree disinfection reduces the risks to

plant staff, the surrounding corrununity, and thus the liability exposure of municipalities and operators. Equally important, the treatment of effluent with ultraviolet light eliminates the creation and release of toxic disinfec

tion by-products (DBFs) associated with chlorination - and the potential of related permit violations. As UV technology has evolved, so too have design and sizing practices.

By Jennifer Muller and Grant Beamish nates any ambiguity in this baseline. a) Unlike theoretical methods, such as UVDIS 3.1, field validation pro vides a true evaluation of actual UV

dose delivered under a wide range of operating conditions, flow rates, and water quality conditions. b) Field validation is the only way to accurately incorporate actual lamp out put, lamp spacing, ballast efficiency, hydraulics, quartz sleeve transmission

water. Therefore, efficient and effec

tive disinfection performance is dependent on maintaining clean sleeves to ensure maximum delivery of UV energy to the effluent. To minimize the degradation of sleeve transmittance, various cleaning approaches are available, including out-of-chamiel cleaning tanks, manual wiping, and acid recirculation systems. UV manufacturers have also devel

and other variables that affect disinfec

oped automated cleaning systems to

tion performance. c) Theoretical calculations typically

achieve more consistent sleeve trans

overstate the delivered dose of a UV

mittance

and

reduce

maintenance

of thought on the appropriate approach. Some engineers and regula

d)Theoretically-based dose calcula tions are inherently inaccurate because they carmot characterize a reactor's dis

requirements. These can be activated without disrupting disinfection, and can consist of a mechanical wiping assembly that runs along the individual quartz sleeves several times per hour.

tors insist on validated reactors, while

tribution of residence times and the UV

The most innovative, automated

However, there are still various schools

system.

output of its lamps. They rely on theo

systems provide simultaneous mechan system sizing. In many instances, the retical retention time and theoretical ical and chemical cleaning action, degradation of lamp sleeve transmit- intensity - assumptions that do not thereby entirely eliminating the need tance by effluent (fouling factor) and address the diversity of UV system to remove the UV equipment from the gradual decline of a lamp's UV output configurations now available. charmel. These cleaning systems are 2. Degradation of sleeve transmit- the most effective in preventing scal (End-Of-Lamp-Life; EOLL) are taken into consideration. But, again, there tanee by effluent (fouling factor). ing and build-up. Equally important to In wastewater treatment, degrada- operators, chemical/ mechanical clean are inconsistencies. The implications of under/improp ing systems cycle only once or twice Efficacy of Cleaning Technologies to Control Sleeve Fouling erly sizing a system are significant, per day, thereby reducing mainte including discharging polluted nance of wiper seals and compo effluent into a community's water nents compared to mechanical-only Mechanical/Chemical table, permit violations, fines, and wiping systems. Cleaning costly retrofitting of additional dis Both the USEPA and NWRI/ Mechanical Wiper infection equipment, not to mention AWWARF provide recommended No Chemical the impact on the professional rep default values that can be used to utations of those involved in the factor the effects of sleeve fouling design and decision-making and type of cleaning system. No Wiper process. However, validation of specific H 20Critical requirements for equipment offers greater accuracy accurate UV system sizing in quantifying these important Time In Channel Three requirements are essential parameters. to the proper design and sizing of This graph shows the validated dose of an actual working 3. Gradual decline of UV lamp UV systems for wastewater treat output (end-of-lamp-life). UV system and the theoretical dose calculated using ment. Not incorporating these stan UVDIS 3.1. The theoretical dose calculation over predicts The UV output of mercury the system performance, the result of which would be dards significantly increases the vapour lamps declines over time as undersizing and potential non-compliance if it was the margin of error and risk of underbasis of the design. mercury bonds with the inside of the sizing the UV system. lamp quartz wall. This process, tion of sleeve transmittance is a direct 1. Field validation of reactor dose called solarization, reduces the trans result of precipitation and fouling of mission of the quartz material, and delivery (bioassay). The dose delivered by a reactor is the the quartz sleeves due to the presence also uses up available mercury in the starting point in determining system of iron, calcium, aluminum, man lamp. The typical operating life oflowganese and other organie and inorganic pressure UV lamps ranges from one to sizing. As such, it requires a true base line of performance to ensure permit content in the water. This build-up of one-and-one-half years. requirements are met at peak flow rates film and debris has a pronounced effeet The effect of solarization on UV on the amount of UV energy that is output can be pronounced. Low-pres and over the years to come. The accura transmitted into the surrounding waste- sure lamps that lack internal coatings cy of data from field validation elimi others allow theoretical models for UV

26 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005


Disinfection of the UV system. However, any sys tem design is arbitrary and high risk

Retd Validated Dose vs. Theoretical Dose at 65% UVT

(Before FouLog & LA-np Agmg Are Taken inlo Account)

unless it is based on accurate data Theoretical Dose

(using UVDIS 3.1) validated Dose

At 400 Ipm/iamp, there is

a difference of approximately 40% between the validated and theoretical dose.

UV transmittance through the quartz sleeves is influenced by duration of exposure to effluent and the type of cleaning/wiping system. can drop to 40% of the original UV output after one year. The advent of internal coatings has helped offset this decline in UV output. These coatings prevent the mercury from embedding into the quartz. As a result, such lamps provide about 80% of their maximum UV output at end-of-lamp-life (EOLL). During the time that lamps are used for disinfection, the performance drop of current lamp technologies can be up to 20%. Given this significant decline in UV output, using the EOLL output as the basis for sizing is essential to ensure disinfection performance. It is always preferable - and more

accurate - to base sizing on validated EOLL output data for the specified lamps. This is particularly true given the fact that NWRI and USEPA guide lines recommend that UV system designers factor in a decline in UV output of 40% to 60% - default values that are significantly lower than the UV output of many available lamps after one year of use. Conclusions

The objective in designing wastewater systems using ultraviolet tech nology is to provide efficient, effective disinfection that meets permit require ments for the reduction of fecal col-

iforms during the entire operating life

What is UVDIS 3.1? In 1986, the USEPA published the Design Manual for Municipal Wastewater Disinfection. In addition to detailing the procedural standards for field vali dation of UV dose delivered by a treatment system, it also included a math ematical protocol to estimate UV dose. At that time, only low-pressure, lowoutput (LPLO) UV lamps were commercially available. As a result, LPLO lamps and corresponding lamp spacing and reactor configurations typical of the time were used as the basis for this mathematical protocol. Such systems were also used to validate its accuracy.

regarding: • Actual disinfection performance of the UV system to be installed. • Degradation of sleeve transmit tance by effluent. • Efficacy and frequency of the cleaning system to be installed. • Gradual decline of UV lamp out put over the life of the lamp. Engineers, regulators, and deci sion-makers at the municipality should insist on third-party validation for the UV equipment they are consid ering - including the cleaning and lamp components. Jennifer Muller, P.Eng, is with Trojan Technologies. Grant Beamish is with Surge Communications. Contact e-mail:johnp@surge.ca Book Review: Can an oil company help our environmental crisis?

You would think that an oil compa ny would be the last business to back hydrogen fuel technology, but that is exactly what is happening in Iceland, where an oil company, a gas-powered combustion engine auto company and an isolated nation have joined forces to develop hydrogen fuel cells. The rev olutionary and unlikely partnership between Shell Oil and Daimler-Benz

could end up bringing about the next major shift in the world's energy sources.

"As awareness of the fragility of our ecosystem grows, even some cor

Using the USEPA's mathematical formula as its basis, the UVDIS 3.1 sizing software was subsequently developed by an independent consultant. By automating the formula in the Design Manual, UVDIS 3.1 enabled engineers in Canada and the U.S. to quickly and easily estimate the theoretical UV dose, and dramatically reduce the time required to design and size UV sys tems. However, like the USEPA's original mathematical protocol, UVDIS 3.1 does not make allowances for new, high-output lamp technologies, and relat ed innovations in reactor design. In contrast to field validation, UVDIS 3.1 has some inherent drawbacks:

• Designed specifically for low-pressure/low-output(LPLO)systems only. • Not applicable to LPHO or medium-pressure systems. • Model results must be adjusted using arbitrary safety factors in an attempt to ensure system performance will exceed permit requirements. • Dispersion coefficient and other variables are assumed values. • Program is not endorsed by the USEPA, nor has it stayed current with advances in UV technology. • A critical input to the calculation is lamp output (watts), however no stan dard method for absolute lamp output measure exists.

porate and government hard-liners begin to realize the importance of con cepts like alternative energy research, land trusts, public transportation, and slow-growth," says Karen Roberts, author of Passions and Patience:

Fostering Earth's Future through Unlikely Partnerships. In addition to detailing the situation in Iceland, Roberts cites examples of unlikely partnerships from familiar locations like Oregon to faraway locales like Nepal and Antarctica. Illustrated by the skilled photography of Tim Hauf, Roberts takes readers on a world tour

of earth-saving efforts in diverse cul tures.

Contact:

jayw@event-management.com

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 27


Conference Report

A blunt and powerful message from Ontario's Environmental Commissioner By Tom Davey

Full cost accounting of environ

mental infrastructure projects

was among the highlights of an eloquent powerpoint presenta tion by Environmental Commissioner

and the rights of future generations. These remain great challenges which are not always factored

Gordon Miller at the Annual Conference

into

of the Ontario Water Works Association

sion-making.

and the Ontario Municipal Water Association in Ottawa May 8-11. His

excellence lie?" he

credentials include a B.Sc and an M.Sc

enquired. "Does it

which gives him expertise in environ mental science and engineering which many government appointees lack. He stressed that governments should anticipate and prevent environ mental crises, rather than merely react

current

"Where

lie

in

deci does

innovative

and advanced treat

ment technology to protect us from the evils that lurk in our

source

water

to them. "The best decisions are made

and

on accurate up-to-date economic and

systems?" He then noted that: "Yes, we have developed

environmental information. We should live off the economic 'interest' which

the environment provides, not eat into the 'capital' of its natural values," he said. "Sustainability means attitudes and values must change, not just pro duction and consumption." Blending economics with his envi ronmental metaphors, he stressed that society was still living off the interest provided by our natural resources- often building way beyond the local water supplies, then trying to solve problems by big engineering projects. We need quality of development over quantity, he stressed, along with a respect for nature

distribution

excellent technolo

Ed Houghton,(r) President, Collingwood Utility Services is congratulated on receiving the OWWA's George \N. Fuller Award from former

gy which we must continually develop Fuller Award winner Andrew Benedek, CEO, and pursue; but Zenon Environmental Inc. technology in itself should not be metering and pricing and alsofull cost confused with the journey towards pricing ofelectricity. environmental excellence." "Although there are more data Mr. Miller talked on the need to being collected on watershed based anticipate and prevent environmental source protection programs and more problems, calling on increased inspec public consultation, there remain prob tions, Bill 133 and a return to training lems with the municipal class EA and inspection. He called ^orfull cost processes. We are still not thinking accounting and for a continuation of about the cumulative effects of soci the moves towards full cost water ety's activities. While the provision of

John Braam,(left) Manager of Water and Wastewater Services, County of Oxford receives Norman J. Howard Award from OWWA PastPresident Brian Jobb.

28 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

Franklyn Smith, (left) Region of Waterloo, receives the 2005 Operator's Meritorius Service Award from AWWA President-elect Andy Richardson.


Conference Report cheap, abundant and clean drinking water is certainly a laudable goal, be wondered if this bad served society well. "People now take abundant clean water for granted, tbey don't appreci ate it, tbey won't pay what it is worth, and, finally, tbey waste it," be said. The Fuller Award was presented to Ed Hougbton, Collingwood Utility

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Research I wastewater treatment. This research

WERF research on

also will determine what potential impacts EDCs may have on environ

endocrine disrupters

mental health. Interest in EDCs has risen with the

During the past decade, there

Environment Research Foundation is

working to provide answers to deal with this emerging issue. Specifically, WERF research is looking at the fate of

has been increased concern

regarding adverse

the

potential

environmental

effects of endocrine disrupting com

EDCs in wastewater in order to devel

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op treatment technologies and analyti cal techniques which can successfully monitor EDCs in the products of

humans

and

wildlife. The

Water

emergence of analytical technologies capable of detecting these compounds at extremely low levels in the environ ment. Unfortunately, limited and often contradictory information is available regarding these compounds and their environmental fate and potential effects. Since 1999, WERF has been

closely following and contributing to the science of this issue.

EDCs can end up in the municipal and industrial

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I Conference Report

WEAO urged to be more proactive by keynote speaker By Steve Davey said the Act only

applied to Ontario's largest 1,200 farms when

first

intro

duced. Now, it only

applies to some 50 large farms, as farm ers continue to split their herds in order to

be exempt. He also addressed

increasing public backlash against the land application of municipal biosolids. There needs to be hard science behind

such guidelines as

Huntsville was host to the

setbacks from water

off Scott announces the inductees into the 53 Society.

Tim Lotimer

34th annual symposium and exhibition, April 17-19, 2005. Keynote speaker Tim Lotimer, of

the risks associated with the land applica

sented to operators of wastewater treat ment plants for outstanding performance and professionalism. The award for Outstanding New Professional was given to Nancy Kim,

tion of biosolids.

of KMK Consultants.

Lotowater Geoscience Consultants,

treatment plants are not perfect, with a large number of non compliance inci dents reported each year. He urged WEAO to be more proactive in advis ing governments what the problems are, how to fix them and how much it

Water Environment Association of Ontario's

gave a thought-provoking presentation on source water protection and Ontario's Nutrient Management Act.

He questioned certain areas of the new Act, as related to the agricultural sec-

weather conditions.

sources, slope grades, application intervals.

He was also critical of WEAO for not

being more forthcoming about outlining

He said that Ontario's wastewater

The Exemplary Biosolids Manage ment Award, which recognizes excel lence in the management of biosolids in the province of Ontario, was given to the City of Sarnia and N-Viro Systems Canada Inc.

Steve Davey is Publisher of

will cost.

He also outlined how the political climate regarding source water protec tion has evolved, particularly since the Walkerton

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine.

tainted

water tragedy. As a

very comprehensive strategy is needed to ensure source water

protection,

Mr.

Lotimer believes that it is vital that the Ontario MOE

become

organizer

Deborah Ross receives the Bedell Award from WEF VicePresident Mohamed Dahab.

tor, livestock operations having a huge enviroiunental impact, causing mas sive pathogenic and BOD loads. He

the

key

of the

whole process. Deborah Ross, of KMK Consultants, and a past president of WEAO, won the

Arthur Sidney Bedell Award. Dave Spiller, of City of Toronto, Dave Spiller receives the Hatfield Award from won

the

Hatfield WEF Vice-President Mohamed Dahab.

Award which is pre-

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 31


Biosolids

The need for the establishment of

Canadian biosolids partnerships

There is an important need to

recognize that the general public is not properly

informed

treatment

plants

biosolids.

and

or subject to erosion. The organic mat ter and nutrients are the two main ele

ments that make the spreading of this

about

wastewater

Wastewater

By Ronald J. Leblanc

treatment

plant administrators and regulators must develop a strategy to improve the public image of their facilities, operations, biosolids and the industry. To deal successfully with biosolids manage ment, administrators and regulators need to have a good overview perspec

disposed of using three main routes; 1. Recycling to agriculture (landspreading) either by way of solid

or

semi-solid

biosolids; 2.

Mono-incinera

tion and co-incinera tion of biosolids with

other wastes;

3 . Landfilling." (European Commission Sludge Scientific and Technical report) While ocean disposal is no longer acceptable, other options exist or are being developed, such as uses for forestry and sil

viculture, land reelamation, utilization of sludge in building materials and developing combustion dence are crucial. technologies including What are biosolids? wet oxidation, pyrolysis The United States and gasification. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) states Aerial vie w of the Greater Moncton treatment plant. As well, a new process that "biosolids are the nutrient-rich kind of waste on land as a fertilizer or known as BIOSOL (available through organic materials resulting from the an organie soil improver suitable". the Innovations Foundation of the treatment of sewage sludge (the name (European Commission Sludge University of Toronto) removes metals for the solid, semi-solid or liquid Scientific and Technical report, and the and destroys pathogens in raw, second untreated residue generated during the EC report on the Implementation of ary, or digested wastewater sludges. treatment of domestic sewage in a Community Waste Legislation on The resulting Class "A" Biosolids (as treatment facility). When treated and Agricultural Use ofSewage Sludge) defined by the Canadian Council of processed, sewage sludge becomes Biosolids disposal options Ministers of the Environment) can be biosolids, which can be safely recycled The USEPA states "that because of used to produee marketable compost. striet federal and state standards, the and applied as fertilizer to sustainably World options improve and maintain productive soils treated residuals (biosolids) from The following two examples illus and stimulate plant growth". wastewater treatment can be safely trate a range, or variety of approaches, The European Commission further recycled. Local governments make the that can be used to dispose of sewage decision (including but not limited to) sludge and biosolids: states that "the characteristics of whether to recycle the biosolids as a sludge/biosolids depend on the original China - In parts of China, where pollution load of the treated water, and fertilizer, incinerate, or bury them in a water is precious, as part of their land landfill." management practices they have been also on the teehnical characteristics of Only biosolids that meet the most using a single canal to provide irriga the wastewater and sludge/biosolids stringent standards as spelled out in the tion for a succession of fields. They treatments carried out...Due to the federal and state rules can be approved physical-chemical processes involved use mud from the canal bed, along in the treatment, the sludge tends to for use as a fertilizer. Now, through a with animal dung and human waste concentrate heavy metals and poorly Voluntary Environmental Management (still collected from some municipali biodegradable trace organic compounds System (EMS) being developed for ties) as manure. as well as potentially pathogenic organ biosolids by the National Biosolids Taiwan - In Taiwan, because of the isms (viruses, bacteria, etc.) present in Partnership(NBP),community-friend population density and the lack of land ly practices will also be followed. available for reclamation, landfilling, wastewaters. Sludge is, however, rich in The European Commission, fur or biosolids application, researchers nutrients such as nitrogen and phospho rous and contains valuable organic mat thermore, states that "once treated, are looking into the possibility of mak ter that is useful when soils are depleted sludge/biosolids can be recycled or ing commercial building bricks with tive and must be continu

ally aware that public acceptance and confi

continued overleaf... 32 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005


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Biosolids

biosolids as an ingredient. The impetus behind the idea was to find new uses

for the 670,000 tonnes of sewage sludge the island produces each year. Some believe that this will be a less

expensive way of disposing of biosolids than other options, such as incineration.

Sludge from sewage works can be used to bulk up ordinary house bricks. "It's a win-win situation because it converts the wastes into useful materi

als and alleviates disposal problems," says Chih-Huang Weng, leader of the team at I-Shou University in Kaohsiung County that devised the process.

Although the solids Weng and his team added to the bricks were filtered

from industrial effluent, he says domestic sewage would do just as well. In a paper accepted for publication in

Advances

in

Costs The National Biosolids Partnership While the costs of disposing of (NBP) acts as a coordinator for the biosolids vary from country to coun many regional management groups try, and between methods, the that are being formed. European Commission's report on The goal of the National Biosolids sludge/biosolids indicates that the Partnership (NBP) is to promote and landspreading route is the least expen advance environmentally sound and sive, while landfilling and incinera accepted biosolids management prac tion entail the highest costs from an tices that build public confidence with overall economic point of view. in local communities. Producers, serv (European Commission Sludge ice contractors, and users - together Economic Report) with stakeholders from regulatory A report of the Water Environment agencies, universities, the farming Research Foundation, (WERF) community, and environmental organi "Treating and Managing Residuals and zations - will have input into shaping Biosolids", states that "growing urban NBP priorities through scientific and populations and rising costs have cat technical support and communications alyzed the industry to find alternative linkages relating to biosolids issues. means of dealing with solids; treat A public attitude survey in the U.S. ment and handling alone typically (in conjunction with the Water

compose 50 per cent of wastewater utility costs".

Environmental

Research, (www.NewScientist.com) Weng's team reports achieving their best results when sewage sludge accounted for 10 per cent of the mate rial in clay bricks fired at about 900 degrees C. But the process worked even when the "biobricks" contained

as much as 30 per cent sludge. Manual of Good Practice for

Foundation

Pollution Prevention Policy

had visited a wastewater treatment

based on source control

plant were significantly more likely to support biosolids recycling than those who had not. This is good; but how

With a view to shifting the majority of the cost associated with biosolids

treatment from local authorities, farm

many wastewater treatment plants have

ers and citizens, to the industry or the source of the pollution, the European Commission is studying the integra tion of a Pollution Prevention Policy

visitor centres?

intended to reduce the introduction of

Biosolids

pollutants into the wastewater at the

In 2004,a best practice manual entitled "Biosolids Management Program" was

discharger level. The implementation of a Pollution Prevention Policy would help elimi

developed in Canada under Infraguide

Environment Research

(WERF)2003) found that people who

The WERF further reports that "properly treated products - reclaimed water and biosolids - are now consid ered excellent renewable resources.

There remains, however, the looming issue of reducing uncertainties in the continued use of properly managed and treated biosolids - many reclaimed

(the National Guide to Sustainable

nate known sources of influent con

water and biosolids initiatives have

Municipal Infrastructure), managed

tamination from industry, hospitals, and other identifiable groups who con tribute directly or indirectly to the degradation of biosolids quality.

failed due to lack of public support." The Environmental Agency(EA)of

by the National Research Council. Wliile not as in depth as the USA manual of good practices for biosolids,the Canadian manual is a step in the right direction. The USA manual resulted from a

targeted collaborative project to devel op a resource document for manage ment of biosolids that addresses the

issues to be considered when design ing and implementing a biosolids man agement program. It was managed by the

Water Environment

Research

Foundation (WERE) for the National

Biosolids Partnership, a not-for-profit

Common sense dictates that a

Pollution Prevention Policy should be implemented in Canada. As well, it is only logical that the responsibility for such a policy and the required studies and regulations should not rest prima rily with municipalities but with senior levels of government. Managing public support

It is clear that properly managed biosolids have beneficial uses and they

Water Environment Federation, and

should be recycled. There is also no doubt, however, that there is a need to manage the public perception of

EPA. The manual covers all issues

biosolids.

related to biosolids, including design and implementation of management programs, safe handling and prepara tion, marketing, public education, transportation, and record keeping.

The U.S.'s wastewater industry is now making a concerted effort to gain the high moral ground with biosolids management and they are working at the national level to make this happen.

alliance between the Association of

Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies, the

34 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

England and Wales launched its Vision

for the Environment in January 2002. Inspired partly by the National Biosolids Partnership in the U.S., the EA decided to investigate the benefits and feasibility of an Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) to ensure quality and to promote good practice for use of organic resources on land. In order for the ACF to succeed it was

recognized that endorsements were

required from key organizations. As part of a consultative approach, the vast majority of respondents indicated that there was a need for better com

munication among stakeholders. In its conclusion, the report stated that there was an overwhelming belief among all stakeholders that an ACF is needed in

order that the sustainable use of organ ic resources on land is adapted as an acceptable practice.


Biosolids Gaps in knowledge While scientific research has been

carried out, there are still gaps in knowledge. For instance, the Scientific and Technical report of the European Commission on Environment states;

"Today, many uncertainties remain concerning the transfer of pollutants (especially organic pollutants) to the environmental media and the food chain. Several issues would need to be

more accurately documented. Amongst these issues, the following may be mentioned: • The importance of the runoff process in the pollutants' transfer should be assessed. Mechanisms need

to be understood, as well as quantities of pollutants concerned, and their fate. • An issue of concern is the degra dation pathway of the organic com pounds in soil. Compounds may be degraded into intermediary chemicals before total mineralization. The toxicity and leach ing potential ofthese metabolites is not well known. Lysimeter and field stud ies should be carried out.

• Long-term impacts of heavy met als and organic pollutants, in particular on soil micro-organisms and fertility, are not well documented.

• More data is needed concerning

the ingestion and absorption levels of organic compounds and, to some extent, heavy metals, by animals. • There is also a lack of knowledge concerning the specific contribution of sewage sludge to pollutants' transfers. • A survey ofthe organic pollutants' levels in sewage sludge should be per formed in the member states, in order

to gain an accurate appreciation of their occurrence. This may only be possible if standard analytical methods are set and broadly accepted. • Available literature

does not

always enable a comparison between the different countries, as no common research protocol and no trans-nation al studies have been carried out. • More information is also needed

concerning other routes for sludge recycling, such as land reclamation or use in forestry and silviculture. Research should be carried out to pre cisely identify the agricultural benefits of sewage sludge spreading and its environmental and sanitary impacts (especially concerning organic pollu tants for which no data is currently available). Moreover, currently avail

able information does not enable an

assessment and comparison of the ben efits and risk as regard the diversity of European forests. • Lastly, some interesting new teehnologies such as wet oxidation, pyrolysis and gasification have been devel oped. More information concerning their environmental impact and their application is needed. Tests have not always been carried out on sludge and this issue requires further documenta

payers' environmental dollars are spent for environmentally beneficial purpos es, and not merely for political, legal or activist purposes.

tion."

Need for co-operative approach in Canada As in the USA, Europe and other countries, and because of the jurisdictional conflicts in Canada between the

various levels of government on the various aspects of the wastewater industry, there is also the need for the federal government, and Environment Canada, as well as the municipal, provincial and territorial governments,

Ronald Lehlanc is Chairman,

Greater Moncton Sewerage Commission. This article is adapted from his paper given at the First National Wastewater Forum 2005, Montreal. Contact e-mail:

gmscpcp@nhnet.nb.ca

as well as other stakeholders, to share

the responsibility of promoting and defending the use of biosolids. In addi tion, they should participate in the establishment of an organization simi lar

to

the

National

Biosolids

Partnership in the U.S. This organiza tion might be called the Canadian Biosolids Partnership. In Canada, municipalities have gen erally been left to their own resources to deal with biosolids. Municipalities are often told what they can't do, but

K O—X

there is a clear lack of national direc

tion, coordination, support and help from the provincial, territorial and fed eral governments as to what can be done with biosolids. While some gov ernments may have fact sheets on biosolids, as well as guidelines for dis posing of biosolids, these are not uni form in Canada, and consequently can

■ Vi

1. 1

lueysor/SEB® EuapanteedSite Eemeiliation

be the basis for confusion in the indus

try.

Because of activists' approaches, which are sometimes left unopposed and unchallenged by our regulators, and sometimes taken at face value, some municipalities may be faced with implementing processes that will serve political agendas which have absolute

ly no environmental benefit whatsoev er. In other words, some municipalities may be forced to spend taxpayers' money for no useful environmental purpose at all. There is a clear need for the various levels of governments to work together to ensure that the tax

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July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 35


Stormwater

Innovative reinforced concrete pipe drop structure used to construct stormwater outfall By Albert Wissa and Kent Campbell

Development of tableland, north of Sheppard Avenue

and

east

of Meadowvale

Road in the Scarborough Community Council Area of the City of Toronto, has been planned for resi dential use for decades. A major con cern addressed throughout the plan

ning process has always been the frag ile nature of the steep bluffs dropping sharply to the Rouge River. Closely associated with the nature of the bluffs

is the sensitivity of the river and valley ecosystem to the impacts of develop

Assembly of a standard 1200 mm diameter maintenance hole from the transition structure to the surface.

ment.

Environmental studies and reports detailed the constraints to be imposed on any development of the tableland to protect the Rouge River Valley and all of its elements. Proactive citizens and

local residents organized to be sure that

environmental

issues

were

addressed throughout the development application process, and solutions to mitigate potential environmental dam age were thoroughly reviewed before approvals for construction were grant

trenchless technology so that the impact of the outfall within the valley

approximately 50 metres of stone-

• 4600 mm diameter metal plated working shaft extending vertically

lined open channel to the river.

31.3 metres to accommodate an access

was limited to the headwall and

Stormwater is now collected from

the housing development in a network of storm sewers and discharged into a stormwater management pond. From there, the water drains to a 975 mm

Mattamy (Rouge) Limited was one of the development applications that required approvals to discharge stormwater from its site to the Rouge River. A stormwater management pond

diameter concrete pipe outlet and is conveyed by a 31.3-metre deep drop structure (900 mm diameter) to the base of the slope. At this point, the flow is directed from a specially engi neered energy dissipater box, through a jacked 1200 mm diameter concrete pipe to the Rouge River. By the time

had to be constructed on the tableland,

the stormwater reaches the river, its

ed.

outside of a 30-metre buffer from the

edge of the steep slope to the river. A

structure included the following major elements:

velocity is minimized to prevent any erosion of the riverbanks.

storm sewer outfall at the base of the

Niran Construction of Toronto was

steep valley slope was constructed by

awarded the contract for sewer and watermain services. The

contractor immediately proposed an alternative to the design of the drop structure that would com

prise a system of precast

• 2400 mm x 1200 mm transition

riser with specially designed, benched elliptical pipe connected to the riser and 975 mm diameter inlet pipe from the stormwater pond, complete with precast weir; • maintenance shaft comprised of eight 2400 mm x 1200 mm risers, incorporating drop structure com prised of 900 mm diameter reinforced concrete pipe risers cast integrally to the 2400 mm x 1200 mm risers; and, • 3000 mm diameter riser, transition

slab and base with energy dissipater sump box, and connection to 1200 mm diameter jacking pipe. Niran commenced excavation of the

components readily avail able from Flanson Pipe & Products Canada, Inc. of Cambridge. Using a precast concrete system of standard gravity pipe, jacking pipe,

4600 mm diameter working shaft in mid February, 2004. The silty clay till did not present any major obstacle to construction and there was very little groundwater seepage. The process for the dig involved an open pit excavation of about 1.0 to 1.5 metres per day. A steel liner plate was constructed each day as the pit pro gressed. The first section of liner was about 4 metres deep with one metre raised above ground level to provide a

maintenance

holes

would result in the least

36 Environmental Science & Engineering, July 2005

• 6.4 metre access maintenance hole

section from ground level on the table lands to the top of a transition box;

concrete maintenance hole

and

Tunnel outfall to channel: Outfall to Rouge River using Jacked 1200 mm diameter reinforced concrete pipe.

maintenance hole shaft, transition box, maintenance hole risers housing the drop structure, and an energy dissipa ter at the base connecting to a jacked outfall to the river;

impact on the environment and construction cost sav

ings to the client. The concept for the drop


Stormwater safety barrier for workers and any visitors to site. At one point in the dig, small amounts of explosives were required to loosen the soil. A Bobcat was lowered into the shaft and

used for excavating the earth. Once the invert elevation of the shaft was reached, the Bobcat was removed and replaced with tunnel jacking equipment. Throughout the dig, all safety precautions were taken including the use offans for ventilation, ladders, safety plat forms, and lighting. The shaft was required so that 95.5 metres of 1200 mm diameter jacking pipe could be jacked from the 3000 mm diameter maintenance hole riser at the base of the drop structure. The jacked pipe connects to the maintenance hole by means of a "doghoused" opening in the first 3000 mm riser at the base ofthe shaft to provide an outlet to the creek. An internal granite box was specially designed by Niran to accommodate the velocity and weight of freefalling stormwater and dissipate its energy. Once the outfall pipe had been jacked into position and the 3000 mm diameter riser installed, the base of the drop structure was ready for construction of the 2400 mm x 1200 mm maintenance shaft

that contained the 900 mm diameter concrete drop structure. The idea for the internal drop structure came from Hanson's engineers. There was some concern that an exter

nal concrete drop structure might shift and crack. In addi tion, an external drop structure (concrete or PVC) would have required a steel lined working shaft to accommodate pipe and equipment. The construction cost could have been much higher. With an internal drop, the concern about cracks in the concrete drop structure was alleviated and the

Jacking the outfall pipe from the structure at the bottom of the shaft, and construction of the headwall took 50 work

ing days. The process was described by the contractor as a traditional jacking job through silty clay till. Since the cylin ders of the jacking machine required more space than was available in the working shaft, the contractor built a 3-metre "tail tunnel" that extended beyond the circumference of the working shaft. The tail tunnel accommodated the cylinders of the jacking equipment. Once the pipe jacking was com pleted, the metal lined tunnel was completely filled and cov ered by steel wall plates. The jacking pipe was 1200 mm diameter pipe supplied by Hanson. Niran Construetion Limited of Toronto, under the super vision of David Schaeffer Engineering Limited (consulting

engineer for Mattamy Development Corporation), construct ed the drop structure, inlet, and outfall to the Rouge River in approximately four months. The precast concrete drop structure is believed to be the deepest in Canada for completing a stormwater management system for a residential development. Precast concrete man hole components and standard concrete drainage and jack ing pipe proved to be an easily installed, economical, longterm solution.

Albert Wissa, P.Eng., is with Niran Construction

Kent Campbeii is with Hanson Pipe & Products Canada inc. Contact: kent.campbeii@hansonamerica.com

cost of construction reduced dramatically. Construction of the maintenance shaft and drop structure took two weeks as all components were precast concrete maintenance hole components. Only two pieces per day were permitted to be installed since the space between the

precast concrete structure and the metal-lined wall of the shaft was filled with non-shrink fill, as work progressed. Engineers required proper time for the fill to set. The entire shaft is made accessible by a combination of aluminum safety platforms and steps built into the risers at the Hanson plant. Design engineer for this structure was Dave Grahlman of Gamsby and Mannerow Limited. When work reached the elevation where the inlet pipe from the pond entered the vertical drop shaft, a special tran sition structure comprised of a weir and benching was spe

cially designed by the Hanson engineering team. The chal lenge was to provide benching that did not cause turbulence of the stormwater as it entered the structure, and reduced the

entrant coefficient for the flow transitioning from the 975 mm horizontal pipe to the 900 mm vertical pipe. Hanson

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engineers used a unit of elliptical pipe with convex benching

enclosures and control

at the base as a reducer to direct the flow into the drop shaft.

systems, For 3-phase

The reducer was placed between the outlet of the 975 mm concrete pipe extending from the stormwater management pond and a 2400 mm x 1200 mm riser constructed with a 200 mm wide weir (designed for a 100-year storm event) that prevents normal flows from the pond from entering the maintenance access shaft that parallels the length of the drop

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structure.

Once the transition structure including reducer and weir were in place, the contractor was able to continue with the

Telemecanique

construction of a standard 1200 mm diameter maintenance hole to the surface.

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 37


5t0rni sewer rehabmtati

using shotcrete iming

The City of Ottawa recently

By Jonathan Knoyle,R.V.Anderson Associates

completed the rehabilitation

on Belcourt Boulevard of a

corrugated steel storm sewer, a section of which was restored using a shotcrete lining technique. The sewer was installed some 30 years ago, but had been experiencing deformation for many years. This article describes the rehabilitation evaluation and design stages, the key features ofthe shotcrete process and some of the issues that were encountered during construction. The

Belcourt Boulevard

storm

pipe. In January 2004, RVA were retained to develop a solution for the rehabilitation of the remaining down stream section of culvert under St

Joseph Boulevard, and this is the sub ject of this article. The 73 m long outfall sewer was bitumen lined with two 45-degree hor izontal elbows between the outfall

headwall and the upstream mainte nance hole, which was located in a busy 6-lane traffic intersection (includ ing a turning lane and a bus lane), with extensive underground utilities. The

sewer services a 250 hectare catch

outfall

ment area in the Orleans community of

adjustable struts bearing onto continu ous timber header and footer plates. Local storm and sanitary sewers, a Bell fibre optic duct, a gas supply main,406 mm and 610 mm (high pressure) water mains and Hydro lines were situated

Ottawa. The sewer was installed in the

late 1970s as an 1,800 mm diameter corrugated steel pipe (CSP), with a 1,981 mm diameter outfall under St Joseph Boulevard. During pipe instal lation, deformation occurred and

contained

60

aluminium

above the sewer in the road corridor.

wooden struts were installed to restore

The City of Ottawa prioritized this

the pipe shape. Additional aluminium

section of outfall sewer for restoration

struts were installed in 1999 to arrest

because:

continuing deformation. Under two separate contracts in 2002 and 2003, R.V Anderson Associ ates Limited (RVA) were engaged by the City of Ottawa to design the opencut replacement of 560 m of CSP on Belcourt Boulevard

with

concrete

• The outfall had reached the end of its useful life and

needed to

be

renewed;

• The struts in the pipe had reduced the hydraulic capacity of the outfall so that it was not able to convey the full development design flow;

38 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

• The City was incurring costs due to the regular maintenance of struts in the pipe; and, • An asphalt overlay on St Joseph Boulevard was scheduled for 2005. This dictated that restoration of the out

fall sewer was required immediately. Rehabilitation options It was realized that due to the prox imity of extensive street utilities and the potential traffic impacts, an open-cut sewer replacement might not be the most effective rehabilitation method.

Therefore, 11 alternative rehabilitation methods were considered, including shotcrete lining, tunnelling, slip lining (with rigid and flexible pipe), liner plate lining, cured-in-place lining, high-level overflow sewer and full sewer reloca

tion, and combinations thereof. A two-staged evaluation process

was used involving an initial screening stage, in which the advantages and dis advantages of each option were inves tigated, followed by a detailed assess ment of the four best options. The short-listed options were: shotcrete lin ing, liner plate lining and open-cut sewer replacement (along the existing and new alignments). The detailed evaluation criteria that were applied included:


Infrastructure • Speed of rehabilitation;

Option

• Life expectancy of the completed

Final Rating Score Estimated Cost

Shotcrete lining Liner plate lining Open-cut sewer replacement (existing alignment) Open-cut sewer replacement(new alignment)

system; • Cost;

• Impacts on the public; • Constructability; • Impacts on services and utilities; • Environmental impact (most notably impact to Bilberry Creek). For each of the criteria, the relative merit/impact of each option was assessed and a rating of 3 (favourable), 2 (no significant advantage/disadvan tage) and 1 (unfavourable) were

the City of Ottawa in 2000 to rehabili

applied. Double scores were adopted

tate a similar CSP culvert. Details of

solution was preferable and so shot crete lining was recommended as the Design of shotcrete lining

Shotcrete sewer lining was used by

this previous project were investigated

were of greatest importance to the rehabilitation solution. The final rating

to see what lessons could be learned

of the shortlisted options were as shown in the table.

It was recognized that the life expectancy of the shotcrete solution might be inferior to that of new sewer pipe and that this would affect the overall life-cycle costs. However, other

initiatives, such as the City's asphalt overlay, Hydro's facility upgrades on St Joseph Boulevard and the need to relocate a watermain prior to open-cut trenching, dictated that an immediate

19 19 16

additive and air entrainment in the

concrete mix; and,

• Development of a bypassing sys tem for existing stormwater flows in

best method of rehabilitation.

for the first three criteria, since these

scores and construction cost estimates

$253,000 $525,000 $376,000 $455,000

27

and a site visit was arranged so that the lining could be inspected. Based on RVA's findings, the following items were identified as being key to the suc cess of the current project: • Provision of a suitable mix design and optimum conditions for installa tion and curing; • All groundwater ingress through the CSP wall must be stopped prior to shotcreting; • Applying the shotcrete in a greater number of layers to improve durability; • Use of shrinkage compensator

the culvert.

If the struts were removed and a

concrete lining formed, the design flow of 12.0 mVsec could be conveyed through a 1,550 mm diameter conduit. In the most deformed area, the CSP

was 1,764 mm high and so pipe hydraulics governed that 100 mm thickness

of shotcrete

would

be

applied to the top and bottom of the pipe, with 225 mm of reinforced shot crete at the spring lines for structural strength. This application was continu ous throughout the complete length of the sewer outfall. To avoid culvert col

lapse during construction and to pro vide continuity of re-bar, the design allowed for every sixth strut to be continued overleaf...

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July 2005, EnvironmentalScience & Engineering 39


Infrastructure work were prepared by RVA and the project was tendered. Due to the spe cialist nature of this work, only two tenders were received and the contract

was awarded to Underground Services (1983) Ltd.(USL) from Toronto for a price of $281,400. Construction work commenced early in October 2004. Construction

Access into the culvert during con struction was provided by a temporary structure erected in the bed ofthe creek.

The contract called for the installa

Access into the culvert was provided from a platform in Bilberry Creek. removed prior to shotcreting. Once the lining had cured, all remaining struts, plus the continuous header and footer plates, would then be removed and the spaces grouted. Approval for construction work in the vicinity of the creek was obtained

through the local Conservation Authority. The City of Ottawa also obtained temporary easements for con struction access through private land to the headwall in Bilberry Creek. Contract specifications and draw ings for the shotcrete rehabilitation

tion of a temporary flow bypass into Bilberry Creek at an approved upstream location. However, USL proposed an alternative bypass system comprised of a weir in the upstream maintenance hole with a series of pipes laid through the culvert to convey the flow. This was considered to be an environmentally preferred alternative and was accepted. However, only a small proportion of the culvert's flow capacity could be con veyed through the temporary bypass lines. Therefore, monitoring of weather eonditions during construction and tim ing of the key phases of work were crit ical to ensure that during peak rainfall events, the weir could be quickly removed and the flow conveyed safely

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40 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

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Infrastructure • Minimized period for construction (six weeks), meaning that the asphalt overlay contract was not delayed;

OTTAi^A R/ySR

QUEEhisWAY

HIGHWAY 174

IQ

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• Construction cost savings of $100,000, when compared to open-cut sewer replacement;

• Significantly reduced sewer main tenance needs;

• The hydraulic capacity of the sys tem was restored to meet the required

SHOTCRETE LINED

SEWER OUTFALL

level of service; and,

• Minimal environmental and pub

lic impacts during construction.

Crete lining over the coming years will be carried out to verify the durability of the shotcrete lining. Jonathan Knoyle, P.Eng., is an

Associate of R. V. Anderson Associates Limited in Ottawa and was Project

Engineer on the St Joseph Boulevard Storm Sewer Rehabilitation project.

E-mail: jknoyle@rvanderson.com.

The Project Manager at the City of Ottawa was Jamie MacDonald, P.Eng.

Condition monitoring of the conINNES RD

I

Headworks Building

1800 mm DIA. TRUNK STORM SEWER

through the culvert without damaging the infrastructure.

A 'wet shotcrete' method was used and stainless steel threaded rods were tack welded onto the CSP with

Grinder^

adjustable nuts, to control layer thick nesses. The shotcrete was applied in

longitudinal sections, with the culvert invert being shot first, between the 4 o'clock and 8 o'clock positions in two, 50 mm lifts. Layering continued up the side of the culvert to achieve the

required thickness at the spring lines. Using the previous lifts for support, thin layers were then applied over the top half of the culvert until the com

plete circumference was lined. Guide wires were installed between threaded rods to control the surface of the finish

coat. The final lift, below the spring line, was brush finished.

During construction, USL modified the strut removal process to provide a more robust permanent reinforced lin ing. Instead of shotcreting up to the timber header and footer plates, USL were able to cut out the plates between

struts prior to shotcreting and provide temporary longitudinal strut support so that full-circumference steel rein

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This project used an innovative rehabilitation approach to overcome some difficult site constraints and pro

vide the City of Ottawa with a storm sewer capable of meeting the required level of service. A key component in the success of this project was the abil ity to learn from the previous culvert shotcrete project to develop an effec tive design. The City realized the fol

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lowing benefits: July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 41


Process Water

Advanced technology for the treatment offood Industry process water

The food industry is one ofthe largest consumers of

By Manuel A.Cuenca and Maggie Stewart Parameter

water from the industrial sector. The cost of the

treatment of food processing wastewater is very high because of the high BOD levels. Ecotechnos Inc., a Canadian manufacturer of equipment for the treat ment of industrial wastewater, has created a series of advanced wastewater treatment units commercially known as Aquacan®.

Value

Disk diameter (m)

1.0

Number of disks

134

Total Aquacan 6000 volume (m^)

5.16

Rotational speed (rpm)

4

Submergence %

40

The treatment capacity of the plants ranges from 3 m^/day (ABC). The plant consisted of a primary clarifier and a to more than 600 m^/day and they are designed to guarantee a microbubble aeration section, a rotating biological contactor long life expectancy to each of the components. Because of (RBC) with proprietary discs that have enhanced interfacial the modular configuration of the units, it is possible to expand area, and a secondary clarifier with another microbubble the treatment capacity as the financial resources of a compa aeration section. The assembly is compact and robust and, ny permits. The Environmental Technology Verification due to its modular configuration, a treatment plant can be Program (ETY) has certified the high performance exhibited progressively expanded as the needs for increased capacity by these units. or influent strength arise. Case study: Treating winery wastewater

The treatment of winery wastewater is based on the process characteristics observed near the distributor of fluidized beds as well as on the fixed film processes. The for mer is represented by a combination of microbubble diffusers and sedimentation sections and the latter is represent ed by a system of biodiscs. The unit tested was an Aquacan 6000, generically named Active Biological Contactor

Clearford Industries Inc

Expands Engineering Design Team Clearford Industries is pleased to announce the addition of Jill Lauren Hass as Project Engineer. Ms. Mass will support the deployment of Clearford's innovative Small Bore Systems (SBS''"^') technology. Ms Hass joins Clearford as a graduate student at the Ottawa-Carlcton Institute for Environmental Engineering (OCIENE) under the supervision of Dr. Leta Fernandcs. Ms Hass is a Civil Engineer, with expertise in Water Resource engineering. Her educational focus complements work experience in Central and South America on numerous development projects. She brings to Clearford both her experiential education from working on construction sites on grassroots projects in underdeveloped countries and her balanced academic experience in both Civil and Environmental Engineering studies.

Ms Hass has been an active project leader. She was a Program Coordinator for the Cooperative Housing Association of Eastern Ontario's(CHASEG) youth program. Ms. Hass acted as a volunteer on their 'YouthWorks' Steering Committee to support cooperative housing development. She sat on the Board of Governors for the Graduate Student Association of the University of Ottawa. Ms. Hass is also an active member of the Water Environment Federation, the American Water Works

Association and the Young Environmental Professionals of Ottawa. Clearford, formerly Innovative Water and Sewer Systems Inc. (IWSSI), has developed and improved basic septic system designs by providing smaller effluent flows through their Small Bore Systems (SBS'^"'') efficient clarifiers. This more efficient and reduced cost technology can easily replace historical septic systems presently used throughout Canada. The Clearford systems are delivered to clients through the well established engineering firm R.W. Connelly Associates Inc. and with the expertise of their national partner PCL Construction. Clearford is based in Carp, Ontario.

CLEARF®RD PROTECTING VALUABLE RESOURCES

42 Environmental Science & Engineering, My 2005

Results

a) Organic matter removal. Aquacan 6000 can remove an average of96% BOD5 at an organic loading of less than 630 g/m^day. As the loading increases, the BOD5 and CBOD removal decrease. With an organic loading of more than 11,500 g/m^day, the BOD5 and CBOD removal was approx imately 70%. This percentage can be substantially improved by installing a second unit in series. An inadvertent bleach discharge from the cleaning oper ations in the winery produced a toxic shock in the treatment system. The recovery period from the toxic shock was remarkably short. In just 10 days, the unit recovered its steady performance, removing an average of 93% of BOD5 and CBOD.

The food industry is one of the largest consumers of water from the industrial sector.The cost of the treatment of food

processing wastewater is very high because of the high BOD levels. b) Total suspended solids removal. It was observed that 80% of the total suspended solids were removed at loadings between 250 to 3,250 g/m^day. c) Sludge removal. During the testing period of four months, the unit treated 217 m^ of high-strength winery wastewater. An average BOD loading of 2,500 mg/L pro duced 420 L of sludge with 5% solids. d) Mechanical performance of the unit. The Active Biological Contactor includes a proprietary RBC unit. This unit has been designed with Hexacell™ technology, which reduces the torque effects on the shaft. In that regard, and after 1,000,000 rotations with a load of biomass of 250 lbs the performance of the shaft met the most severe expecta tions.

Manuel A. Cuenca, Ph.D., P.Eng., and Maggie Stewart, B.Eng., are with Ecotechnos Inc., Toronto, Ontario. Contact maggies@ecotechnos.com.


Remediation

Reducing petroleum hydrocarbon contaminants in groundwater

Petroleum hydrocarbons have

By Phillip Lowery

become a nuisance at many sites across Canada. Leaking underground storage tanks (USTs) have caused multiple releases of volatile petroleum hydrocarbons (VPHs) and light extractable petrole um hydrocarbons (LEPHs) to the soil and water table. Many in situ remedial options, such as Air Sparging/Soil Vapour Extraction and Pump and Treat, have attempted to reduce high levels of these contaminants at the cost

of millions of dollars over many years. Oxygen Release Compound (ORCÂŽ), an in situ technology, has been successfully applied at a former service station/car dealership in the greater Vancouver area. The applica tion of this safe and easy to handle powder has reduced high concentra tions of VPH, LEPH, and naphthalene since its injection in October 2003.

A preliminary site investigation was conducted to assess possible groundwater and soil contamination originat ing from eight former underground storage tanks historically used by both the service station and dealership. The USTs included four gasoline USTs, two bulk oil USTs, one diesel UST, and one waste oil UST. Possible soil

and groundwater contamination was expected, especially high levels of VPH and LEPH. Currently there is no UST or pump island. Following the completion of a detailed site investigation, soil contam-

Excavation activities at a former service station.

ination was found within and adjacent to the former gasoline UST basin. Based on the results of multiple bore hole samples, the area of concern was delineated to include the former gaso line USTs as well as the pump island. A total of 1,300 m^ was identified as contaminated soil while 1,350 m^ was estimated as contaminated groundwa ter. As expected, soil and groundwater contamination included VPHs (13,000 ug/L), LEPHs (2,600 ug/L) and, to a lesser extent, naphthalene (240 ug/L). Remediation goals were established based on the standards set through the Contaminated Sites Regulation of British Columbia, specifically Com mercial Land use for soil and Aquatic Life standards for groundwater. Remedial

action

was

initiated

through complete excavation of the 1,300 m^ of contaminated soil. An in situ remediation program, using ORC, was developed to address the contami nated groundwater. ORC, manufac tured by Regenesis (San Clemente, California, USA), is a magnesiumbased product designed to release pure oxygen upon hydration in the subsur face. The rate of degradation is then accelerated

to

treat

contaminated

groundwater through the removal of various compounds, including petrole um hydrocarbons. In October 2003, a total of 1,350

pounds of ORC was injected via directpush technology in a grid formation over the plume as well as in the backfill to the excavated area. Decreasing trends began shortly after injection and within one year of application VPH and LEPH

concentrations

had

been

reduced by up to 80% in the source area. With the exception of one well, VPH concentrations had reached below

groundwater standards downgradient of the source area. Naphthalene reduc tion included an 85% decrease in two

downgradient wells and a reduction to below 100 ug/L in all wells. Currently, five wells have sampled below naph thalene standards(10 ug/L). ORC typically delivers oxygen to the subsurface for periods of up to 12 months. In order to continue the reduc

ing trends seen in VPH, LEPH, and naphthalene, a second injection using ORC Advancedâ&#x201E;˘ was completed in December 2004. This new formulation

of ORC is a calcium oxyhydroxide based material that offers more oxygen per pound than regular ORC.A total of 500 pounds was used to target the source area and continue reductions

over the following year. Based on the current contaminant reduction trends,

ORC Advanced is expected to meet the cleanup goals and expedite site clo sure.

The increased rate of enhanced

bioremediation allowed significant reductions throughout the plume with in one year of injection. The total cost for ORC and ORC Advanced product was $23,955. To date, a grand total of approximately $200,000 has been spent for excavation, ORC and ORC Advanced application, and associated remediation activities.

Phillip Lowery, ofNext Envionmental Inc. is Project Manager for this site. Contact: sdobyns@regenesis.com

Oxygen Release Compound. July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 43


Recycling ■■■■■■■■

How carwash

AR WASH BAY HYDROCYCLONES

<

recycling technologies developed

/

<

TRENCH

QuDixiw -TO SEWER

COLLECTION

Why are water, processed water

and

OVERFLOW

OVERFLOW-'

By Jan Verwater

AERATIOFH' BIO-REACTOR-'PLATE SEPARATOR

CLEAN WATER STORAGE

wastewater

treatment the up and coming industries in the world? The answer is simple: market value. For example: • Practically all industrial processes consume large quantities of water. •The production ofone ton ofsteel can consume 280 US tons of water.

• Manufacturing one pound of paper can require as much as 700 pounds of water. (If the factory does not recycle the water). • To make a typical US car, the manu facturer uses 50 times the car's weight

Only 0.027% of the total water on earth

is

usable!

Water

demands

include: agricultural 65%, industrial 25%, domestic 10%. The carwash industry has been forced to review its water use. Drought orders and increasing water prices, combined with sewerage fees, have forced this industry to review the

focused on two ways to solve the prob lem. One way is trial and error on spe cific sites; the second way is the scien tific approach that will build the theo ries and test these on specific sites. The first task was to control the

incoming chemicals and use only the required amounts. The second task was to develop chemicals and, if possible, set

lifeblood of business - water.

restrictions to the chemicals used. In this

The carwash industry in Europe was confronted with water problems some 15 years ago. Since then they have been creating new ways to recy

case, biotechnology was not dealing

in water.

cle water. The traditional sand and car

• To wash that same car in an average automatic carwash, it would take 55 gallons of water. • Agriculture may be just as demand ing, especially if livestock is raised in semi-arid regions of the earth. • To produce one pound of steak from California, beef cattle require 2,500 US gallons of water. • Processing just one frozen chicken takes at least seven gallons of water.

bon filtration was not able to provide wastewater reuse possibilities, so developments and technical studies were started to find the best solutions.

Verwater Environmental, LLC. con centrated on water recycling, leading the way to biological systems. But the specific chemicals used in this indus try were not automatically feasible for biotechnology. To overcome this, development

with consistent BOD values but more with chemical mixtures from unknown

sources, because the carwash is not

operating 24/7 and can be down for days and then busy a few days after that. To find a way to activate the bioreactors in an environment like this, the selection of the specific type of bioreactor was the next problem. The most logical activated sludge reactors work well in an environment like this but cannot handle the fast variations in

input. The attached growth bioreactor was a better option but the slow COD reduction and the time needed to

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44 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005


MMhaBwiiliiM Recycling

m

develop new bacteria made this option less practical and the sizing to over come the slow reaction made this reac

tor type too big for the application. The scientific researchers were able

to develop specific nutrients to activate the bacteria such as: Micrococcus, Pseudomonas, Mycobacterium, Cornyebacterium, Nocardia, Flavobacterium, Alcaligenes, Arthobacter, Achromobacter, Vibro, Acinetobacter, and Brevibacterium. These bacteria are the

major types used in the attached growth reactor and based on this tech nology we could develop more usable sized reactors for the carwash industry. Development of these specific nutri ents was based again on the natural way used by "mother nature." The activation of exo-enzymes using nutrients is not new and is available in most of the photosynthetic processes in leaves.

tions. Shell UK purchased 148 bio reclaim systems based on the test sites in Amsterdam in order to reopen carwashes. This created an opportunity for our company to make water recy cling a part of the carwash profit cen tres. Water prices soared to record heights and sewer discharge charges severely handicapped any carwashes working without recycling systems. Biotechnology in carwashes started in 1995 and 10 years later, the bio reclaim technology is widespread in Europe. The bioresearch centres in

Europe are producing high-tech tech nology based on bio degradation that opens new markets for oil, glycol, and many other pollutants. Carwashes have changed from lowtech backyard places into high-tech industrial size wash centres. Some of

these wash centres are using no more water than the average household to run their businesses, thanks to bioreclamation.

For more details www.verwater.biz

Extraction of these nutrients - iso

lating the usable ones - enabled our company, Verwater Environmental, LLC, to introduce bio-reclamation of carwash wastewater by using the natu ral cycle. Once the attached growth bioreactor was active on two (Dutch) Shell carwash sites, the task was to market

this product and support the promises on water quality by scientific reports. Several studies and reports on bio and aeration systems supported the mar keting in Europe, but the response

CH21VI HILL - A different company meeting

from the carwash market in North

America was slow. Water was cheap

tfie needs of a different world.

and sewer costs were seldom an issue.

Abusing the water resources was cheaper and saved investment for water reclamation - that is until the

Have a career. Choose to mentor. Believe in opportunity.

industry was forced to comply or close

CH2M HILL recognizes the value of people who want to make

their washes.

At this time many carwashes were

a difference.

using sand and carbon filters combined with UV or ozone. These traditional

water filters temporarily solved the problem. Permits were granted and carwashes opened again, but after a few weeks, growing COD values some

we are interested in you.

times caused odour and slimy water. Some users stopped recycling because water was still cheap and the drought

We are looking for water, environment, management and

orders were lifted. At this time water in

If you are interested in becoming a part of something special,

transportation consultants.

carwashes was not profitable and there fore not a part of the investments for new carwash setups.

But the potable water resources in southwest Germany and the United

Kingdom were in danger, and drought

CH2MHILL www.ch2mhlllcanada.com

Responsible Solutiorrs for a Sust^mable future*

orders closed some carwashes, forcing the industry to look at possible soluJuly 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 45


Chemical Storage

A chemical storage structure designed to meet diverse needs

With al the changing codes,

a consultant can save you the time of researching the best solution for proper storage of your chemicals. Now you may say, "I have no chemicals" or "my chemicals are not hazardous." However,

By Shelley DIvall Ontario Fire Code(OFC)in 1997 clar ified how fire departments would restrict the volume of flammable and

combustible products that owners are allowed to store within plant floors and exteriors of their main buildings. In addition, with the reference within the

under the National Fire Code of Canada

OFC to reference 1995 NFCC for reac

(NFCC), the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations(TDGR)

tive, acidic and corrosive liquids it cre ated the dilemma of finding a suitable area within your plant to store or process liquids, and in some cases required adding on to an existing build ing or procuring a detached building to comply with the new codes. The prob lem for many businesses within Ontario coming into 1998 revolved

and

the

MOE

Hazardous

Wastes

Regulation, many of the industrial liq uids used in maintenance, manufactur ing processes, printing, painting and cleaning, are indeed considered flam mable, combustible and/or hazardous

products. Some of these liquids might include new and used oils, ink, paints, solvents, cleaners/degreasers, gas or diesel, alcohol or alcohol based liquids, pesticides and acids,just to name a few. The introduction of Part 4 into the

around the 2005 deadline and concern

regarding leasehold upgrades. • What if you only rent your current building and don't want to invest in a compliant storage room that in the end

you have to leave behind? • What if you don't have enough room in your existing plant and have to look at constructing a new building? • What if you don't have the funding in place to hire an engineering firm to review all of the applicable codes and determine your best solution? • What if you don't have the capital to head up a project like this? The introduction of a ULC Listed

Storage Vault designed for outdoor stor age of all hazardous, flammable and combustible liquids brings forth an eas ier method of achieving a totally com pliant solution for storage and process ing of dangerous goods. Underwriters

Laboratories

WATERLOO

BARRIER

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Certification Approvals Board

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46 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

of

Canada (ULC) has tested small struc tures under an Other Recognized Document, ULC/ORD-C 142.6. This document has been created to provide a

Find out more at

www.cecab.org/ese


Chemical Storage more astute option in this "buyer beware" market place that will meet the standard for due diligence. • Meet and/or exceed NBC, NFCC,

owners and the qualified supplier working together to design and define storage structures is essentially tried through the efforts to define the fail ure point of these structures in various

NFPA, OSHA, EPA and CEC

tests and to ensure their structural

requirements. • Reduce life and health safety

integrity will meet the intent of the NBCC and OBC. To verify compli ance and to ensure structural integrity within the design, ULC conducted a vapour explosion test, a Boiling Liquid Evaporating Vapour Explosion (BLEVE) condition, and the resulting deflagration of vapours and liquids at

A ULC listed structure can:

concerns.

It can also offer: • Potential reduction in insurance

premiums. • Explosion resistance. • Structural integrity. • Portability. • Spill control. • Vandalism security. With the purchase of a ULC listed structure, owners are ensuring that they have acquired a durable, non-

no

time

created

a

structural

only storage of chemicals but also for paint kitchens, housing your tanks and for pumping and processing equipment to direct liquids into your spray or process line, dispensing operations, pesticide storage, ink and solvent pro cessing, battery storage, remote loca tion fuel dispensing operations, haz ardous household waste storage and lab packing,just to name a few. Shelley Divall is a ULC storage vault product specialist and code consult ant and can be reached at

or

4J 6.888.8859

or sdivall@rogers.com

mechanical failure.

These facilities are ideal for not

combustible structure that meets with

local fire codes, building codes, elec trical codes and environmental protec tion regulations and increases levels of protection against potentially disas trous occurrences. In addition, owners could be essentially removing the unknown from purchasing options by owning a structure that has been inde pendently third party tested. The due diligence that ULC affords

Using Statistical

WATER TREATMENT PRINCIPLES

AND DESIGN

Methods for

Water Quality Management Isstti-s, PhoiuI.MS ASi^ SoiLniws.

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July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 47


Pulp and Paper

It's not pulp fiction at a Weyerhaeuser P&P mill

Weyerhaeuser's Longview, Washington plant pro

duces more than 1,350

tons of paper a day. The plant processes 1.5 million bone-dry tons ofchips into pulp fiber production per year. Chips enter the facility by rail, truck or barge from five Northwest states. The chips are then stored by species, screened to remove contaminants, and transferred by con veyor for processing. Nearly 200 employees produce rolls of liquid packaging board that will eventually be printed, scored, cut and formed into gable-top containers or cups by Weyerhaeuser's customers. The liquid packaging board comes in many different grades, suitable for most common liquid container sizes. During the packaging board manufac turing process, fibers are mixed and processed in a variety of ways to create the exact properties customers want in a finished product. The Kraft Process

Like most paper mills, Weyer haeuser's kraft process is dependent on two primary liquors. White liquor, which is primarily sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium sulfide (NajS), is used in delignification during the chip cooking cycle. Green liquor, which is primarily sodium carbonate (NazCOj) and sodium sulfide, is generated dur-

Baker Tanks' driver, David Terrazas tightiy secures the pipes connecting the manifolded tanks. Custom designed valves enable workers to control the flow from one channel to another.

ing the liquor recovery cycle. Green liquor is then passed through the causticizing process where it is regenerated back to white liquor. The dregs are the remnants from the recausticizing process.

White liquor composition is very important in the control of pulp quali ty and uniformity. Green liquor com position has a direct effect on the effi-

ciency of the liquor regeneration process and determines the amount of makeup chemicals needed to guarantee

the desired white liquor composition. Therefore, in order to achieve an ener

gy-efficient process and guarantee quality control of the pulp, accurate control of the key components ofthese liquors is vital. In the summer of 2003, Weyer haeuser's Longview plant faced a rather "sticky" situation: a build-up of dregs in the green liquor clarifier over loaded a filter and required immediate attention.

An unplanned shutdown would have a significant impact on the Longview mill and its employees, to the tune of tens of thousands of dollars

per hour in lost revenues. The typical way to solve the prob

lem - shutting down the pulping process, slowly removing the excess dregs from the system, and restarting production - simply was not an option for Weyerhaeuser. Adding to the chal lenge, the Longview mill is located on the scenic shores of the Columbia

River, so it was vital that all of the

mill's wastewater be properly moni tored and treated.

Baker Tanks delivered eight 21,000-gallon carbon steel Safety Vapor Tanks. 48 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

Early identification saved the day "Weyerhauser's success and envirorunental safety is a direct result of our emergency business continuity


Pulp and Paper planning," said Jim Yount,former team development manager. "Without immediate attention, we were in serious risk of potentially impacting production for both our cus tomers and our other plants," added Mr.Yount. The dregs slowly built up in the one-million-gallon green liquor clarifier. The bottom of the green liquor tank has sloping sides which allows the particulates to settle at the base of the tank. If the dregs mix with the green liquor, the filtering process from green liquor to white liquor is nearly impossible. Within 48 hours, Baker Tanks had provided the plant with additional capacity. Eight, 21,000-gallon carbon steel Safety Vapor Tanks were mani

folded together to store 160,000 gal lons of dregs. The tanks were more than adequate to handle the liquid's high temperature of up to 190 degrees Fahrenheit and high alkaline content and allowed the dregs to settle until they could be sewered to the treatment system in a controlled fashion.

catch up naturally," Mr. Yount said. He estimated that the plant general ly processes 25 to 30 gallons of dregs a minute or 35,000 to 40,000 gallons per day. In a quick timeframe, they were able to remove the equivalent of four days' worth of dregs and put process ing back online. Mr. Yount's team then focused on the settling of the dregs and the continued operation of the filter. While Weyerhaeuser was able to avoid a major, unplarmed plant shut down thanks to quick thinking, they knew that given the nature of the plant's operations, the green liquor dregs would soon build up to emer gency levels again. Eighteen months after the incident occurred, planned maintenance was done on the one-million-gallon green liquor tank in order to remove the dregs build up. Baker Tanks provided 20 Safety Vapor Tanks to remove the liquor and the dregs for cleaning.

Chemical Storage Facility Enviro-Pads Chemical Storage Facility provides a platform eliminat ing ground and surface water contam ination.

Enviro-Pads''''^ constructed

out of steel or aluminum form the

facility base. Walls are manufactured around the base to provide a secure seal. A variety of sizes are available customizing volume and storage requirements. Facilities can be ordered with forklift tubes, lifting eyes, and an open front, track doors, or rollup door. For more information call

(403)302-1806 or view our product line at www.enviro-pads.com

For more information, contact: AReimers@bakertanks.com

"We filled the tanks in less than a

day. Using them, we were able to make a dent in the build-up in the green liquor clarifier to allow the filter to

Enviro-Pads

Containment Systems Inc.

umpd csUimitea

aedSen

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For more information please contact us or visit our web site at

www.claessenpumps.com July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 49


Shoreline Protection

Floating silt curtain protects North Saskatchewan River

Dueto congestion in the rapid

By Chang Park

under construction to handle the increase in traffic. There are three

new water crossings on the east-west section of the freeway, one of which is

the shore the standard FSC is ideal for

the North Saskatchewan River.

The Care of Water section of the

specifications required a floating silt curtain to contain any silt and sediment released during construction close to the river bank. With the recent expan sion in the number of staff of the

Canadian Federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans(DFO),they have taken over direct responsibilities for enforcing The Fisheries Act from local provincial departments of the environ ment. A permit is required from the Department of Fisheries and Oceans

continuous curtain to contain the east

shore. The advantages of using 50'sec tions instead of a single long curtain

With the recent expansion in the number of staff of the Canadian Federal

Department of Fisheries

and Oceans (DFOO,they

receiving his permit to work in the water.

have taken over direct

responsibilities for enforc ing The Fisheries Act

InIancI AQUAiics TEchNoloqiES & Services

Many failures of FSCs are directly tains. Layfield has two alternative connection details which change the point loads, with the pin connections, to strip loads, thereby increasing the durability and service life of the FSC.

Additionally, higher buoyancy floats can be used to prevent the sub mergence of the curtains in high flow and wave action situations.

Chang Park is Soil Control &

Reinforcement Specialist with Layfield

geotextile body and EC 102 connec

by 50' long, were attached end to end to create a three hundred foot long

system and curtain to curtain connec

related to the connection between cur

instrumental for the contractor in

tion pin. Six standard FSCs, 13' deep

these types of projects where there is little to no flowing water or wave action. Many situations, such as high water flow or marine applications, require significantly different designs. Layfield can custom design a FSC with a higher strength RPE top and bottom and higher strength and higher flow rate monofilament geotextile along with a more elaborate anchorage tion.

before any work can begin, which can be a lengthy process. Layfield's Standard Floating Silt Curtain was

The company supplied their Standard Floating Silt Curtain (FSC) constructed of reinforced polyethylene (RPE) top and bottom with a TyparÂŽ

site changes and ease of construction

and installation. The curtain stayed in place for over six months during the construction of the bridge. Due to the placement right along

ly expanding City of Edmon ton,Alberta, a new freeway is

are the ability to replace any section due to damage, ability to add or

Geosynthetics & Industrial Fabrics Ltd.

Contact: cpark@layfieldgroup.com.

remove curtains as the construction

Pipe and Cable Laying Shoreline Restoration

Reef/Habitat Construction Debris Removal

Bridge Demolition and Construction Hydraulic Pumping of Sediments Back-hoe Operations Lagoon/Pond Maintenance Pile Driving Channel Construction

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General Recovery Operations Water Site Decontamination

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Ice Jam Break-up

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Zebra Mussel Removal

L9P 1M7

Aquatic Weed Control Algae Control

www.InlandAquatics.ra [905-852-0204

50 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

Self Unloading Requires No Support Vessel or Crane Land and Water Operations

Fax; 905-852-0657


Indoor Air Quality

Hazardous chemicals found in household dust

Astudy of common household

dust in 70 homes across the US was released earlier this

year, revealing a variety of dangerous chemicals that leach from everyday products. The study - Sick of Dust: Chemicals in Common Products - a Needless Health Threat in Our Homes - is the first in the US to look at

a new and wide range of chemicals used in computers, cosmetics, uphol-

• Perfluorinated Organics — Used to make Teflon, Goretex and other oil-, water- and stain-resistant materials for

ment should make such chemicals of

nonstick frying pans, utensils, stove hoods, stain-proof carpets, furniture

high concern a priority for phase out

retailers on their use of hazardous chemicals and reveals what fundamen

tal changes are needed to bring American chemical regulation up to a level that will protect our basic health and that of future generations. The Sick of Dust report found six main types of chemicals in people's homes. All composite samples were contaminated by all six of the follow ing chemical classes: • Alkylphenols — Found in laundry detergents, textiles, hair-coloring, paints and all-purpose cleaners. These chemicals are widely recognized to mimic natural estrogen hormones leading to altered sexual development in some organisms. • Organotin Compounds — Found in PVC (polyvinyl chloride) water pipes, PVC food packing materials, glass coatings, polyurethane foams, and many other consumer products. These chemicals are very poisonous even in small amounts. They can dis rupt the hormone, reproductive and immune systems. Animal studies show that exposure early in life can also have long-term effects on brain development.

and mandate their immediate substitu

• Phthalates — Used primarily in vinyl (PVC) products such as shower curtains, raincoats, toys, furniture and flooring. Also used in paint, pesticides and personal care products (perfume, nail polish, hairspray). These chemi cals disrupt reproductive systems in animal studies, particularly in male offspring and can contribute to male infertility. They have been linked to asthma and respiratory problems in

tion with safer chemicals. Meanwhile, state governments in the US are taking action. In Arkansas, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Oregon and Washington, legislation is underway to phase out some of the most dangerous chemi cals. Europe can serve as an example. Home to the largest chemical industry in the world, Europe is currently over hauling its chemicals policy so that highly hazardous chemicals will require special authorization to be pro duced and used. Regulators believe this will lead to many highly toxic chemicals being dropped from com merce and hasten the adoption of safe chemicals use in products and manu facturing processes. • Corporate responsibility — Com panies such as Dell, IKEA, Herman Miller and Shaw Carpets are examples of how companies can use safer chem icals in their product lines. Innovation is both feasible and profitable and other companies need to set similar goals and get active.

children.

• Consumer action — Consumers

• Polybrominated dephenyl ethers (Brominated Flame Retardants) — Applied to textiles or incorporated into

should pay attention to the products they buy and find out if the brand name company they buy from is work-

and clothes. These chemicals have

been shown to damage organ function and sexual development in lab ani mals, and are potentially carcinogenic. • Pesticides — Applied in and around homes for controlling infestations of

The Sick ofDust reportfoundsix main types ofchemicaisin peopie's homes stery, pesticides and other products. All ofthese chemicals are legal despite the fact that they are internationally recognized as toxic or harmful to the immune and reproductive systems. Babies and young children are particu larly at risk from exposure. Sick of Dust outlines all of the major chemicals that were found in the dust samples, their health risks, and the products they are found in. The report also ranks brand name companies and

linked to cancer, reproductive and neu rological damage.The Federal Govern

various insects and used in carpets. Pesticides include a wide range of chemicals. Some are associated with

cancer, reproductive effects and birth defects, and many are toxic to the nervous system.

innovation is both feasibie andprofitabie and other companies need to setsimiiargoais andget active plastics, foams and electrical goods to prevent or slow the spread of fire. These chemicals build up in the body and persist for long periods of time in the environment. Studies show they damage the development of the nerv ous and behavioral systems in young animals. American women have the

highest levels of these chemicals tested for in breast milk.

Progress can be made in three pri

ing toward a safe chemicals policy. In addition to Clean Production

Action, the following groups helped collect the research for the Sick ofDust report: Alliance for Healthy Tomorrow, Center for Environmental Health, Citizens Environmental Coalition, Ecology Center, Environmental Health

Strategy Center, Oregon Environ mental Council, Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition and the Washington Toxics Coalition.

mary ways:

• Chemical regulation overhaul — Current US regulations allow the con tinuing production and use of chemi cals in everyday products that are

For a copy ofthefull report, visit www.safer-products.org.

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 51


ES&E's To Govern merfl

gencies

.^m

Associations

Government Agencies

ES&E's Guide To Associations ABORIGINAL WATER AND WASTE-

ASSOCIATION OF ENERGY

CANADIAN ASSOCIATION FOR

WATER ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO

ENGINEERS(AEE) 201-1216 Yonge St. Toronto, ON. M4T 1W1 (416) 922-9038 Fax:(416) 922-1028

LABORATORIES(CAEAL) 310-1565 Carling Ave Ottawa

606-111 Peter St. Toronto, ON. M5V 2H1 (416) 651-1443 Fax:(416) 651-1673 Contact: Lana Williams, Coordinator

ON. K1Z8R1

ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO LAND

AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT

ASSOCIATION (AWMA) One Gateway Center 3rd Floor 420, Fort Duquesne Blvd.Pittsburgh PA 15222-1435 USA

(412) 232-3444 Fax:(412) 232-3450 ALBERTA SOCIETY OF ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGISTS 2100-10104 103 Ave. NW Edmonton AB T5J 0H8

(780) 425-0626 Fax:(780) 424-5053 ALBERTA USED OIL MANAGEMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL

SURVEYORS(AOLS) 1043 McNicoll Ave

Toronto, ON. MIW 3W6

(416) 491-9020 Fax:(416) 491-2576 E-mail: admln@aols.org Web site: www.aols.org Contact: Murray LeGrls, Executive Director Ontario Land Surveyors provide special ized services related to boundaries, land

development and Information management. The Association of Ontario Land Surveyors regulates the practice of professional land surveying and governs its members so that public interests may be served and protect ed.

ASSOCIATION (AUOMA)

(613) 233-5300 Fax:(613) 233-5501 CANADIAN ASSOCIATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGIES 435 Brennan Ottawa ON. K1Z 6J9

(613) 728-0822 Fax:(613) 728-2505 Contact: Bill Eggertson, Executive Director CANADIAN BROWNFIELDS NETWORK

(CBN) 201A-2070 Hadwen Rd Mississauga ON. L5K 209

(905) 822-4133 Fax:(905) 822-3558 CANADIAN CENTRE FOR

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

(CCOHS)

1050-10060 Jasper Ave.NW Edmonton AB

ASSOCIATION OF PROFESSIONAL

135 Hunter St E Hamilton ON L8N 1M5

T5J 3R8

(905) 572-2981 Fax:(905) 572-2206 Contact: Susan Andreychuk, Marketing

Contact: Dennis Hambleton, Executive

GEOSCIENTISTS OF ONTARIO (APGO) 1500-67 Yonge St Toronto ON M5E 1J8 (416) 203-2746 Fax:(416) 203-6181

Director

Contact: Oliver Bonham, Executive

(780) 414-1510 Fax:(780) 414-1519

Director/Registrar ALBERTA WATER AND WASTEWATER

Officer

CANADIAN CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION/ASSOCIATION

OPERATORS ASSOCIATION (AWWOA)

ATLANTIC CANADA WATER WORKS

307-3 11 Bellerose Dr. St. Albert,

ASSOCIATION (ACWWA)

CANADIENNE DE FABRICANTS DE TUYAUX DE BETON

AB. T8N 5C9

P O Box 74 Porter's Lake NS B3E 1M1

205 Miller Dr Halton Hills (Georgetown)

(780) 458-7786,(866) 458-7786 Fax:(780) 459-5014

(902) 827-2391 Fax (902) 827-2051

ON. L7G 6G4

Contact: Clara Shea, Office Administrator

(905) 877-5369 Fax:(905) 702-0819 Contact: Grant Lee, Manager

Contact: Pat Maclnnes

BRITISH COLUMBIA GROUND WATER AMERICAN CONCRETE PIPE

ASSOCIATION 222 W Las Colinas Blvd Suite 641

Irving TX 75039 USA (972) 506-7216 Fax:(972) 506-7682

ASSOCIATION (BCGWA) 23184 Fraser Hwy Langley BC V3A 4P6 (604) 534-1115 Fax:(604) 534-5522 Contact: Dave Mellis, President BRITISH COLUMBIA WATER & WASTE

AMERICAN WATER WORKS

ASSOCIATION (AWWA) 6666 W Quincy Ave Denver, CO.80235 USA

(303) 794-7711 Fax:(303) 347-0804

ASSOCIATION (BCWWA) 221-8678 Greenall Ave Burnaby BC V5J 3M6

(604) 433-4389 Fax:(604) 433-9859 Contact: Del Haylock, Executive Director

52 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

CANADIAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE

CONTRACTORS ALLIANCE (CERCA) 4-10 Kenmore Ave Stoney Creek ON L8E 5N1

(905) 388-4444 Fax:(905) 643-3106 Contact: Mark Jasper, Chairman CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING

ASSOCIATION (CEAA) 1-6820 KItimat Rd Mississauga ON L5N 5M3

(905) 814-1160 Fax:(905) 814-1158


Associations

Guide to Government CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL MAR

KETS ASSOCIATION (CEMA) 736-1057 Steeles Ave W, Toronto, ON,

MANITOBA ENVIRONMENTAL INDUS

TRIES ASSOCIATION INC.(MEIA) 3227 Roblin Bivd, Charleswood Technology Centre Winnipeg MB R3R 0C2 (204) 783-7090 Fax:(204) 783-6501

M2R 3X1

(647) 293-7256 Fax:(905) 709-0730 Contact: Shal Spetgang, Executive Director CORRUGATED STEEL PIPE INSTITUTE CANADIAN GROUND WATER ASSOCIATION

100-409-1600 Bedford Hwy Bedford, NS,

(CSPI) 2A-252 Bishop St N Cambridge ON N3H

MANITOBA WATER AND WASTEWATER

ASSOCIATION (MWWA)

4V6

202-9 Saskatchewan Ave W Box 1600

(902) 845-1885 Fax:(902) 845-1886

(866) 295-2416 Fax:(519) 650-8081 E-mail: djpenny@cspi.ca Web site: www.cspi.ca Contact: Dave Penny, Marketing Manager

Portage La Prairie MB R1N 3P1 (204) 239-6868,(866) 396-2549 Fax:(204) 239-6872

CANADIAN INSTITUTE FOR ENVIRON

The Corrugated Steel Pipe Institute is a

Contact: Iva Last, Executive

B4A 1E8

MENTAL LAW AND POLICY (CIELAP) 305-130 Spadina Ave Toronto ON I\/15V 2L4

(416) 923-3529 Fax:(416) 923-5949 Contact: Anne Mitchell, Executive Director

Canadian Association of manufacturers of

corrugated steel pipe and material suppli ers. With production facilities and technical ly trained sales staff in communities throughout Canada, we work with desigers, owners and contractors to create flexible

CANADIAN LAND RECLAMATION ASSOCIATION

PO Box 61047 Kensington PO Calgary A T2N 486

and versatile solutions to meet drainage and unique construction requirements. Through CSPi, we share our vast resource of knowledge and experience in order to bring to you the greatest value for today's

(403) 289-9435 Fax:(403) 289-9435

Director

MARITIME PROVINCES WATER &

WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION (MPWWA) 32 Lindy Lane French Lake NB E2V 4M3 (506) 357-3204 Fax:(506) 357-6038 MUNICIPAL WASTE INTEGRATION

NETWORK (MWIN) 704 Glen Morris Rd W Box 1116 Ayr ON NOB 1E0

(519) 620-9654 Fax:(519) 620-9678

CANADIAN PUBLIC WORKS ASSOCIATION

191-253 College St Toronto ON M5T 1R5 (202) 408-9541 Fax:(202) 408-9542

NEBB CANADA

8094 Esquesing Line RR 5 Milton ON L9T 2X9

ECO CANADA CANADIAN RENEWABLE FUELS ASSO CIATION

Environmental Careers Organization

L'Organisation pour les carri^res en environnement

31 Adelaide St. E Box 398 TorontoON M5C 2J8

(416) 304-1324 Fax:(416) 304-1335 Contact: Kory Teneycke, Executive Director CANADIAN STANDARDS ASSOCIATION

5060 Spectrum Way Mississauga, ON, L4W 5N6

(416) 747-4000 Fax:(416) 747-2473 CANADIAN WATER AND WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION

11-1010 Poiytek Rd Ottawa, ON, K1J 9FI9 (613) 747-0524 Fax:(613) 747-0523 Contact: T. Duncan Ellison, Executive Director

CANADIAN WATER QUALITY ASSOCIA

Coordinator dollar.

ECO CANADA

NEW BRUNSWICK ENVIRONMENT

1450-700 4 Ave SW Calgary, AB, T2P 3J4 (403) 233-0748 Fax:(403) 269-9544

INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION (NBEIA)

E-maii: info@eco.ca

5B3

Web site: www.cecab.org Contact: Kevin Niisen, Marketing and

(506) 455-0212 Fax:(506) 452-0213

Communications Liaison.

NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR ENVIRONMENTAL INDUSTRY

ECO Canada provides career and busi ness services for environmental practition ers, employers, students, and educators. These resources include job board, intern ships, professional recognition for environ mental expertise, career development infor mation and profiles, and FIR resources developed to enhance Canada's environ mental workforce. Comprehensive research reports have also been developed to edu

M9C 4Z4

(416) 695-3068 Fax:(416) 695-2945

(CCEO) 30e-675 boul Rene-Levesque E Quebec 00 G1R 5V7

(418) 521-3860 Fax:(418) 643-7812

(902) 463-3538 Fax:(902) 466-6889

B2Y 4M9

ASSOCIATION OF ALBERTA (ESAA) 1710-10303 Jasper Ave NW Edmonton AB

3W8

OACETT

404-10 Four Seasons Pi Etobicoke ON MOB 6H7

(780) 429-4249 Fax:(780) 429-4249

(416) 621-9621 Fax:(416) 621-8694 FUEL CELLS CANADA

3250 East Mali Vancouver BC V6T 1W5

(604) 822-9178 Fax:(604) 822-8106 Contact: Christopher Curtis, Interim

ONTARIO ASSOCIATION OF SEWAGE INDUSTRY SERVICES PO Box 190 Haveiock ON KOL 1Z0

(705) 778-1265 Fax:(705) 778-1269 Contact: Don Kelioway, Executive Director

President and CEO

(418) 643-1301 Fax:(418) 528-1091

NOVA SCOTIA ENVIRONMENTAL

INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION (NSEIA)

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES

CENTRE D'EXPERTISE EN ANALYSE ENVIRONNEMENTS DU QUEBEC

(CEAEQ) 220-2700 rue Einstein Sainte-Foy QC G1P

ASSOCIATION (NEIA) 90 O'Leary Ave St. John's NL A1B 2C7 (709) 772-3333 Fax:(709) 772-3213 Contact: Charlie Riggs, Executive Director

One Research Dr Suites 206-1/206-2 Woodside industrial Park Dartmouth NS

T5J 3N6

CENTRE DE CONTROLE ENVIRONNEMENTAL DU QUEBEC

PO Box 637 Stn A Fredericton NB E3B

cate Canadians of environmental labour market trends.

TION (CWQA) 330-295 The West Mail Toronto, ON,

(905) 693-9090 Fax:(905) 693-8282 Contact: Audrey Ciark, Chapter

ONTARIO BACKFLOW PREVENTION

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION

SCIENCES (ISEIS) 413-4246 Albert St Regina SK S4S 3R9 (306) 337-2306 Fax:(306) 337-2305

ASSOCIATION (OBPA) PO Box 265 Campbeiivilie ON LOP 1B0 (905) 854-9875 Fax:(905) 854-0180 Contact: Claire Andrews, Secretary Treas.

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 53


Guide to Government Agencies & Associations

Associations

ONTARIO SEWER & WATERMAIN CONSTRUCTION ASSOCIATION

ONTARIO GOOD ROADS ASSOCIATION

Ontario

O O C F A

Concrete Pipe Association The choice of a lifetime

ONTARIO CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION First Floor-5045 South Service Rd

Burlington ON L7L 5Y7 (905) 631-9696 Fax:(905) 631-1905 Email: paul.smeltzer@ocpa.com Web site: www.ocpa.com Contact: Paul Smeltzer, Executive Director Since 1957, the Ontario Concrete Pipe

Association (OCPA) has been promoting the high standards of business practice and the product quality of Its members. OCPA provides technical Information to specifiers, regulators, contractors and edcators. Producers of concrete pipe, malnt-

2-6355 Kennedy Rd MIssissauga ON L5T

300-5045 Orbltor Dr Building 12 MIssissauga ON L4W 4Y4 (905) 629-7766 Fax:(905) 629-0587

2L5

(905) 795-2555 Fax:(905) 795-2660 Contact: Barbara Mestic, Communications and Marketing Coordinator

ONTARIO SOCIETY FOR ENVIRONMEN ONTARIO GROUND WATER

TAL MANAGEMENT(OSEM)

ASSOCIATION (OGWA) 48 Front St E Strathroy ON N7G 1Y6 (519) 245-7194 Fax:(519) 245-7196

(416) 746-9076 Fax:(416) 743-3737

Contact: Earl Morwood, Executive Director

ONTARIO SOCIETY OF PROFESSIONAL

ONTARIO MUNICIPAL WATER ASSOCIATION

502-4950 Yonge St Toronto ON M2N 6K1 (416) 223-9961,(866) 763-1654 Fax:(416)

156 Max Becker Dr Kitchener ON N2E

223-9963,(866) 763-1655

87 Irondale Dr North York ON M9L 2S6

ENGINEERS

401

Contact: Douglas R. Parker, Executive Director

ONTARIO WATER WORKS

ASSOCIATION (OWWA) 630-675 Cochrane Dr, East Tower

ONTARIO ONSITE WASTEWATER

Markham ON L3R 0B8

nance holes, box culverts and box sewers,

ASSOCIATION

(905) 530-2200 Fax:(905) 530-2135

and precast concrete specialty products joined to form the Association.

1127 Mill St Box 599 Manotick ON K4M

Contact: Bill Balfour, Executive Director

1A5

ONTARIO ENVIRONMENT INDUSTRY

(613) 692-0160 Fax:(613) 692-1507 Contact: Angela Malsonneuve

1825 Connecticut Ave NW Suite 680

FI2-4850 Keele St Toronto ON M3J 3K1

ONTARIO POLLUTION CONTROL

Washington DC 20009 USA (202) 462-9607 Fax:(202) 462-9779

(416) 531-7884 Fax:(416) 665-2032 Contact: Shal Spetgang, Manager of Membership Services and Program Development

PO Box 137 MIdhurst ON LOL 1X0

ASSOCIATION (ONEIA)

PLASTICS PIPE INSTITUTE

EQUIPMENT ASSOCIATION (OPCEA)

(705) 725-0917 Fax:(705) 725-1068 Contact: Kelly Madden, Executive Administrator

RESEAU ENVIRONNEMENT 220-911 rue Jean-Talon E

Montreal OC H2R 1V5

(514) 270-7110 Fax:(514) 270 7154

Protect your property, safety

Professional surveyors follow standards that protect your property, safety and interests

and interests.

Get a professional opinion: Contact

Ontario Land Surveyors express their professional opinions about the location of boundaries, buildings, structures, and natural features, in the form of plans, maps, reports and Geographic Information Systems. Professional surveyors preserve Ontario's geographic fabric and protect the interests of municipalities, business and the public.

an Ontario Land Surveyor, your Geomatics Professional • Cadastral (legal boundary) Surveyors • Geographic Information Managers

• Photogrammetrists

|

• Hydrographers

I

.Geodesists

A message from Ttie Association of Ontario Land Surveyors 1043 IVIcNicoll Avenue, Toronto, Ontario MIW 3W6

54 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

1:800.268.0718

416.491.9020

admin@aols.org

www.aols.org


1

Guide to Government Agencies & Associations SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRON MENTAL INDUSTRY AND MAN

AGERS ASSOCIATION (SEIMA) 160-10 Research Or Regina SK

WATER ENVIRONMENT ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO

We keep them running,

(WEAO)

848 7J7

L9T 4N9

with RIetschle Thomas vacuum pumps.

(306) 543-1567 Fax:(306) 543-1568 Contact: LAngeile Lunney,

(416) 410-6933 Fax:(416) 410-

"Pollution Solutions in Spades"

Executive Director

Executive Administrator

SASKATCHEWAN WATER & WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION

FEDERATION

(SWWA) 46 Windfieid Rd Regina 8K 84V 0E7

(306) 761-1278 Fax:(306) 761-1279

PO Box 176 Stn Main Milton ON

1626

Rietschle-Thomas environmentally friendly vacuum pumps, blowers and compressors are part of the Solution,since they do not requite water or sealing liquids.

Contact: Julie A. Vincent,

WATER ENVIRONMENT

601 Wythe St Alexandria VA

For Environmental Applications

22314-1994 USA

• Soli & Groundwater Remediation • Aeration • Wastewater Treatment

(703) 684-2400 Fax:(703) 684-2492

• Vapour Stripping WESTERN CANADA WATER

SENECA COLLEGE - CENTRE FOR THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT 1750 Finch Ave E Toronto ON M2J 2X5

(416) 491-5050 Fax:(416) 494-9178 Contact: Wendy Meininger-Dyk, Coordinator

SOLAR ENERGY SOCIETY OF CANADA INC.

McLaughiin Fiaii 406 Queen's University Kingston ON K7L 3N6 (613) 533-2657 Fax:(613) 5336550

ASSOCIATION (WCWWA) 203-301 14 St NW Calgary AB •LOW COST -RUGGED DESIGN

T2N 2A1

OF NORTH AMERICA (SWANA) 15-555 12th Ave W Box 47007 Vancouver

BC V52 3X0

(250) 538-0110 Fax:(250) 538-0120 Contact: Ralph Bischoff, Executive Director

SUBMERSIBLE WASTEWATER

PUMP ASSOCIATION (SWPA)

Call for "" Abstracts 2006 Water Environment Association of Ontario Annual Technical

UrJtmR PRIMING SYSTEM This cost effective; highly efficient system is the solution to replace costly liquid ring water priming systems. It requires no water or sealing fluids and reaches much deeper vacuum than convetional water priming systems. Reduces maintenance and

Abstract Submission Deadline:

October 7, 2005 This event will be held at the Doubletree

International Plaza Hotel in Toronto, Ontario, April 9-11, 2006. WEAO

has selected the following topics and Invites the submission of abstracts

of papers for inclusion in the technicol program.

1866 Sheridan Rd Suite 201

Fiighiand Park

•LOW MAINTENANCE

(403) 283-2003,(877) 283-2003 Fax:(403) 283-2007

Symposium SOLID WASTE ASSOCIATION

• Water Priming and more...

AND WASTEWATER

running costs.

ZEPHYR SERIES "MULT! CLAW

"Contactless Operation" today's preffered technology. • Dry, frictionless and economical at high pressure differentials • Significant energy savings compared to Roots Type pumps

UTILITY/INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

iL 60035 USA

(847) 681-1868 Fax:(847) 681-1869 Contact: Charles Stolberg, Executive Director

THE CANADIAN GENERAL STANDARDS BOARD

RORM

WATERSHED MANAGEMENT/SMALL COMMUNITY ISSUES

PRELIMINARY AND PRIMARY

Series Regenerative Blowers • Ideal for waste gas removal •"Contacless" design • Ultra quiet, compact and cool running

TREATMENT

• Dozens of models and sizes

COLLEaiON SYSTEMS AND STORMWATER MANAGEMENT

11 rue Laurier Gatineau QC K1A 108

BIOLOGiai TREATMENT

(819) 956-3479 Contact: Roy John, Registration

ADVANCED TREATMENT

Services EHS

BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT

RletschlE Thomas

CompreVac i I lnc.S£i——u.i Vacuum Pumps & Air Compressors'

WATER AND WASTEWATER

ODOUR CONTROL

EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS

ASSOCIATION (WWEMA) PO Box 17402 Washington DC 20041 USA

(703) 444-1777 Fax:(703) 444 -1779 Contact: Dawn Kristof, Pres.

NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND RESEARCH

For more

information, visit

www.weao.org

For sales information please call or email us: COMPREVAC INC.

1585 Sedlescomb Drive MIssissauga, Ontario, CANADA,L4X1M4 Phone: 1-88a«03-6172 or(905)624-4096 Fax:(905)624-4099 E-mail: sales@comprevac.com Visit our Web Site at www.comprevac.com

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 55


the water quality event 78th Annual Technical

Exhibition and Conference

Washington Convention Center

Washington DC USA

Conference >

Got 29 - Nov 2 Exhibition >

O' t 30 - Nov 2

is Here 110technical Sessions, 24 Workshops/Seminars, 11 Facility Tours,

all at the Largest Water Quality Exhibition in North America

Wnline Registration & Housing Now Open Visit www.weftec.org for more information


Guide to Government Agencies & Associations

Government

ES&E's Guide to Provincial and Federal

Government Environmental Agencies EDMONTON, AB, T5K 2B6, 780-427-2294

Alberta

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENT NORTHERN

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC

TION, FL6-9920, 108 ST NW, EDMON TON, AB, T5K 2M4, 450-427-6132 ALBERTA COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, PC BOX 294, KANANASKIS, AB, TOL 2H0, 403-591-6320

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENT, FL3-9820 106 ST NW, POLLUTION PREVENTION, EDMONTON, AB, T5K 2J6, 780-427-8472

REGION, 111-4999 98 AVE NW, EDMON TON, AB, T6B 2X3, 780-427-7049 ALBERTA ENVIRONMENT REGIONAL

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC

TION, 10320 99 ST, PESTICIDE MAN AGEMENT, GRANDE PRAIRIE, AB, T8V 6J4, 780-538-8054

427-0636

TION, 1701-10320 99 ST, GRANDE PRAIRIE, AB, T8V 6J4, 780-538-8052

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENT DISEASE

CONTROL, FL23-10025 JASPER AVE NW, EDMONTON, AB, T5J 1S6, 780-415-

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC

TION, FL2-200 5 AVE S, LETHBRIDGE, AB, T1J4L1, 403-381-5430 ALBERTA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC

2745

TION, FL2-2938 11 ST NE, INDUSTRIAL APPROVALS, CALGARY, AB, T2E 7L7,

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENT INFRASTRUC

403-297-7892

TURE, FL23-10025 JASPER AVE NW, EDMONTON, AB, T5J 1S6, 780-427-8118

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENT INNOVATION &

TION, FL2-2938 11 ST NE, MUNICIPAL APPROVALS, CALGARY, AB, T2E 7L7,

SCIENCE, 402-10800 97 AVE NW,

403-297-7884

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC

Key Government luerta®

www.gov.a&i

Websites

British CoiumbiaP www.gov.bc.ca

Government of Canada www.gc.ca

Manitoba www.gov.mb.ca New Brunswick www.gnb.ca Newfoundland and Labrador www.gov.nl.ca Northwest Territories wAww.gov.nt.ca

Nova Scotia www.gov.ns.ca

Nunavut www.gov.nu.ca

Ontario www.gov.on.ca

Prince Edward island www.gov.pe.ca

Quebec www.gouv.qc.ca

Saskatchewan www.gov.sk.ca

Yukon Territory www.gov.yk.c

CANADA, PO BOX 1084 STN M, CAL GARY, AB, T2P 2K9, 403-292-4782

British Columbia

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC

TION, 111 -4999 98 AVE NW, EDMON TON, AB, T6B 2X3, 780-427-6429

ST, DRINKING WATER BRANCH, EDMONTON, AB, T5K 2J6, 780-427-9498

PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES, FL6-9700 JASPER AVE NW, EDMONTON, AB, T5J 4G2 PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES

SERVICES, 245-200 5 AVE S, LETHBRIDGE, AB, T1J 4L1, 403-382-4450

ALBERTA ENVIRONMENT, FL4-9820 106 ST NW, AIRAA/ATER POLLUTION CON TROL, EDMONTON, AB, T5K 2J6, 780ALBERTA ENVIRONMENT, FL8-9820 106

1000-9700 JASPER AVE NW, EDMON TON, AB, T5J 4E2, 780-497-3853

TION, FL3-9820 106 ST NW, EDMONTON, AB, T2K 2J6, 780-427-7323 ALBERTA GOVERNMENT INFRASTRUC

TURE, FL10-620 7 AVE SW, CALGARY, AB, T2P 0Y8, 403-297-5100 ALBERTA GOVERNMENT INFRASTRUC

TURE, FL2-6950 113 ST NW, EDMON TON, AB, T6H 5V7, 780-422-0622 ALBERTA INNOVATION AND SCIENCE, FL9-10365 97 ST NW, EDMONTON, AB, T5J 3W7, 780-427-1799

ALBERTA INNOVATION AND SCIENCE, PO BOX 4000 STN MAIN, VEGREVILLE, AB, T9C 1T4, 780-632-8407 ALBERTA MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS, FL1610155 102 ST NW, EDMONTON, AB, T5J 4L4, 780-415-8658 ALBERTA RESEARCH COUNCIL, 250 KARL CLARK RD, EDMONTON, AB, TON 1E4

ALBERTA RESEARCH COUNCIL, PO BOX 4000 STN MAIN, VEGREVILLE, AB, T9C 1T4, 780-632-8262 FIRST NATIONS TECH SERVICES, 20017612 103 AVE NW, EDMONTON, AB, T5S 1J9, 780-483-8601 NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION BOARD, ROOM 201 PROVINCIAL BUILD ING, 10008 - 107 ST, MORINVILLE, AB, T8R 1L3, 780-939-1205 PARKS CANADA, PO BOX 3186, LAKE LOUISE, AB, TOL 1E0 PROVINCIAL LAB OF PUBLIC HEALTH,

3030 HOSPITAL DR NW, CALGARY, AB, T2N 4W4, 403-944-1236 PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES,

BC CENTRE FOR DISEASE CONTROL, 655 12TH AVE W, VANCOUVER, BC, V5Z 4R4, 604-660-6032 BC ENV WATER LAND & AIR PROT, 1259 DALHOUSIE DR, KAMLOOPS, BC, V2C 5Z5, 250-271-6229

BC ENVIRONMENT, FL3-777 BROUGHTON ST, VICTORIA, BC, V8W 1E2, 250-387-3991 BC ENVIRONMENT MIN LANDS &

PARKS, 10470 152 ST, SURREY, BC, V3R 0Y3, 604-582-5365 BC ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, 205 INDUSTRIAL ROAD G, CRANBROOK, BC, VIC 7G5, 250-489-8517 BC MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, 1767 ANGUS CAMPBELL RD, ABBOTSFORD, BC, V3G 2M3, 604-556-3112

BC MINISTRY OF FORESTS, 515 COLUMBIA ST, KAMLOOPS, BC, V2C 2T7, 250-828-4166 BC WATER LAND AND AIR PROTEC

TION, PO BOX 9047 STN PROV GOVT, VICTORIA, BC, V8W 9E2, 250-387-1187 ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 1833 14TH AVE W, VANCOUVER, BC, V6J 2J8, 604924-2541

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 201-401 BURRARD ST, VANCOUVER, BC, V6C 3S5, 604-666-2399

FISHERIES & OCEANS CANADA, 113 MCDONALD DR, NELSON, BC, VIL 6B9, 250-352-0893

FORMATION RISK MANAGEMENT

BRANCH, PO BOX 17000 STN FORCES, CFB ESQUIMALT BLDG DY, VICTORIA, BC, V9A 7N2, 250-363-2529 HEALTH CANADA, 540-757 HASTINGS ST W, VANCOUVER, BC, V6C 3E6, 604666-7313

HEALTH CANADA EHS, 202-1315 SUM MIT DR, KAMLOOPS, BC, V2C 5R9, 250851-4130

HEALTH CANADA EHS, 220-177 VICTO RIA ST, PRINCE GEORGE, BC, V2L 5R8, 250-561-5378

INTERIOR HEALTH ASSOCIATES, FL2333 VICTORIA ST, NELSON, BC, V1L 4K3 INTERIOR HEALTH AUTHORITY, 182 WHISTLER DR, KAMLOOPS, BC, V2E 1W6, 250-851-7345

INTERIOR HEALTH AUTHORITY, 333 VIC-

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 57


Guide to Government Agencies & Associations

Government TORIA ST, NELSON, BO, V1L 4K3, 250354-6300

CANADA, 1401-1138 MELVILLE ST, VAN COUVER, EC, V6E 4S3, 604-666-3264

INTERIOR HEALTH AUTHORITY, 413 FORTRESS ORES, VERNON, EC, VIE 3W3, 604-549-6348

CANADA, 5320 DUNDAS ST, EURNAEY, EC, V5E 1A8, 604-666-3264

INTERIOR HEALTH AUTHORITY, 740 CARMI AVE, PENTICTON, EC, V2A 8P9, 250-770-3518

INTERIOR HEALTH AUTHORITY, PO BOX 157, INVERMERE, EC, VOA 1K0, 250-3424297

PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES

PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES

CANADA, 600-1138 MELVILLE ST, VAN COUVER, EC, V6E 4S3, 604-666-5156 PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES

CANADA, 641-800 EURRARD ST, VAN COUVER, EC, V6Z 2V8, 604-775-6864

CENTURY ST, WINNIPEG, ME, R3H 0W4, 204-945-5762

PARKS CANADA, 145 MCDERMOT AVE, WINNIPEG, ME, R3E 0R9, 204-984-5719 PARKS CANADA, RIDING MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK, WASAGAMING, ME, ROJ 2H0, 204-848-7120 PROVINCE OF MANITOBA _ WATER STEWARDSHIP, 68 SILVER BIRCH DR, BRANDON, ME, R7E 1A9, 204-726-6563

INTERIOR HEALTH KOOTENAY HEALTH

PROTECTION, 1212 2ND ST N, CRANEROOK, EC, VIC 4T6, 250-426-1455 MINISTRY OF ENV LANDS & AIR, 2975 JUTLAND RD, SELKIRK ELDG, VICTO RIA, EC, VST 5J9, 250-387-9985 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 1259 DALHOUSIE DR, ENVIRONMENTAL PRO TECTION, KAMLOOPS, EC, V2C 5Z5, 250-371-6287

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 400-10003 110 AVE, WATER LAND & AIR PROT FORT ST JOHN, EC, VIJ 6M7. 250-7873392

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT A-2080 LAEIEUX RD, NANAIMO, EC, V9T 6J9, 250-751-3175

MINISTRY OF HEALTH, 1515 ELANSHARD ST, MAIN FLOOR, VICTORIA, EC, V8W 3C8, 250-952-2197 MINISTRY OF LAND AND WATER EC, PO BOX 9475 STN PROV GOVT, VICTORIA, EC, V8W 9W6, 250-952-6554 MINISTRY OF SUSTAINABLE

RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, 1259 DALHOUSIE DR, KAMLOOPS, EC, V2C 5Z5 250-371-6206

MINISTRY OF WATER LAND & AIR PROT, 102 INDUSTRIAL PL. PENTICTON, EC, V2A 7C8, 250-490-8200 MINISTRY OF WATER LAND & AIR PROT, 205 INDUSTRIAL ROAD G, CRANEROOK, EC, VIC 7G5, 250-489-8520

Manitoba ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH UNIT, 100300 CARLTON ST, FLOOR 4, WINNIPEG, ME, R3E 3M9, 204-788-6730

945-7046

506-453-2440

GOVERNMENT OF MANITOBA, 200 SAULTEAUX ORES, WINNIPEG, ME, R3J 3W3

NE ENVIRONMENT AND LOCAL GOV

ERNMENT, PO BOX 6000 STN A, FRED ERICTON, NE, E3E 5H1, 506-444-2615

MANITOBA AEORGINAL & NORTHERN

AFFAIRS, PO BOX 1070, TEULON, ME, ROC 3E0, 204-945-1777

Newfoundland

MANITOBA CLEAN ENVIRONMENT

COMMISSION, 305-155 CARLTON ST, WINNIPEG, ME, R3C 3H8, 204-945-5293

MANITOBA CONSERVATION, 160-123 MAIN ST, WINNIPEG, MB, R3C 1A5, 204945-7049

MANITOBA FLOODWAY AUTHORITY, 200-155 CARLTON ST, WINNIPEG, ME, R3C 3H8, 204-945-1282 MANITOBA GOVERNMENT SERVICES, 144 RIDLEY PL, WINNIPEG, ME, R2Y 1E6, 204-889-0169 MANITOBA GOVERNMENT SERVICES, PO BOX 1384, EEAUSEJOUR, ME, ROE OCO, 204-268-2992 MANITOBA INTERGOVERNMENTAL

MINISTRY OF WATER LAND & AIR PROT, FL2-10470 152 ST, SURREY, EC, VSR 0Y3, 604-582-5276

AFFAIRS, 27 2ND AVE SW, DAUPHIN, ME, R7N 3E5, 204-622-2159

MINISTRY OF WATER LAND & AIR PROT, FL3-1011 4TH AVE, PRINCE GEORGE, EC, V2L 3H9, 250-565-6465

AFFAIRS, PO BOX 389, DELORAINE, ME, ROM OMO, 204-747-3332

DEPARTMENT OF ENV AND CONSERVA

TION, PO BOX 8700 STN A, ST. JOHN'S, NL, A1E 4J6, 709-729-2563

DEPT OF ENVIRONMENT & LABOUR, 3 CROMER AVE, PROVINCIAL BUILDING, GRAND FALLS-WINDSOR, NL, A2A 1W9, 709-292-4274

DEPT MUNICIPAL & PROV AFFAIRS, PO BOX 8700 STN A, ST. JOHN'S, NL, A1E 4J6, 709-729-3049 GOVT OF NEWFOUNDLAND &

LABRADOR, PO BOX 8700 STN A, ST. JOHN'S, NL, A1E 4W6, 709-729-2014 NL BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF

PUB UTILITIES, PO BOX 21040 RPO MACDONALD DRIVE, ST. JOHN'S, NL, A1A 5B2, 709-726-1133

MANITOBA INTERGOVERNMENTAL

MANITOBA INTERGOVERNMENTAL

MANITOBA NORTHERN AFFAIRS, PO BOX 58, MAFEKING, ME, ROL 1E0, 204545-2183

924-2228

MANITOBA NORTHERN AFFAIRS, PO BOX 76, CAMPERVILLE, ME, ROL OJO,

MINISTRY OF WATER LAND & AIR PRO

204-524-2212

TECTION, PO BOX 9340 STN PROV

MANITOBA WATER SERVICES BOARD,

GOVT, VICTORIA, EC, V8W 9M1, 250-356-

PO BOX 22080 RPO BRAND, DOWN

8384

TOWN, BRANDON, ME, R7A 6Y9, 204-

MINISTRY OF WATER LAND AND AIR

726-6090

PROT, 401-333 VICTORIA ST, NELSON, EC, V1L 4K3, 250-354-6358

MANITOBA WATER SERVICES BOARD, PO BOX 3, STEPHENFIELD, ME, ROG

MINISTRY OF WATER LANDS AND AIR

2R0, 204-745-8735

PROT, A-2080 LAEIEUX RD, NANAIMO, EC, V9T 6J9, 250-751-3167

MANITOBA WATER SERVICES BOARD, PO BOX 547, HAMIOTA, ME, ROM OTO,

POES BRANCH POLLUTION CONTROL, PO BOX 17000 STN FORCES, VICTORIA, EC, V9A 7N2, 250-363-7596

204-867-7204

PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES

DEPT NATURAL RESOURCES

FISH/WILDLIFE BRANCH, PO BOX 6000 STN A, FREDERICTON, NE, E3E 5H1,

MINISTRY OF WATER LAND & AIR PROT, 400-640 BORLAND ST, WILLIAMS LAKE, EC, V2G 4T1, 250-398-4716

MINISTRY OF WATER LAND & AIR PRO

DEPT ENVIRONMENT & LOCAL GOVT, 20 MCGLOIN ST, FREDERICTON, NE, E3A 5T8, 506-453-3256

GOVERNMENT OF MANITOBA, 160-123 MAIN ST, WINNIPEG, ME, R3C 1A5, 204-

AFFAIRS, 235 EATON AVE, SELKIRK, ME, R1A 0W6, 204-785-5130

TECTION, 1610 MOUNT SEYMOUR RD, NORTH VANCOUVER, EC, V7G 2R9, 604-

New Brunswick

MANITOBA WATER STEWARDSHIP, 25 TUPPER ST N, PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE, ME, R1N 3K1, 204-239-3186 OFFICE OF DRINKING WATER, 1007

58 Environmental Science & Engineering, July 2005

Nova Scotia ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 45 ALDERNEY DR, DARTMOUTH, NS, B2Y 2N6, 902426-6135

GOVT OF NOVA SCOTIA ENVIRONMENT, 205-219 MAIN ST, ANTIGONISH, NS, B2G 201

GOVT OF NOVA SCOTIA ENVIRONMENT, 224-1595 BEDFORD HWY, BEDFORD, NS, B4A 3Y4, 902-424-2560 GOVT OF NOVA SCOTIA ENVIRONMENT, 60 LOGAN RD, BRIDGEWATER, NS, B4V 3J8, 902-543-4685 GOVT OF NOVA SCOTIA ENVIRONMENT, PO BOX 697 STN CENTRAL, HALIFAX, NS, B3J 2T8, 902-424-2559 GOVT OF NOVA SCOTIA ENVIRONMENT

& LABOUR, 295 CHARLOTTE ST, SYD NEY, NS, B1P 6H7, 902-563-2100 NOVA SCOTIA ENVIRONMENT AND

LABOUR, PO BOX 697 STN CENTRAL, HALIFAX, NS, B3J 2T8, 902-424-6647


Guide to Government Agencies & Associations NOVA SCOTIA UTILITY & REVIEW

BOARD, PO BOX 1692 STN CENTRAL, HALIFAX, NS, B3J 383, 902-424-4448 NS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT &

Government

W051-200 KENT ST, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 0E6, 613-990-6007

LAKESHORE RD, BURLINGTON, ON,

DFAIT ENVIRONMENT DIVISION, 125 SUSSEX DR, LESTER B PEARSON BLDG, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 0G2, 613-992-

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, ONTARIO REGION, 4905 DUFFERIN ST, DOWNSVIEW, ON, M3H 5T4

L7R 4A6

LABOUR, 136 EXHIBITION ST, KENTVILLE, NS, B4N 4E5, 902-679-6086

6026

ENVIRONMENTAL COMMISSIONER OF

NS DEPT OF ENVIRONMENT &

ENERGY MINERALS/METALS INFO CEN

LABOUR, 126-400 REEVES ST, PORT HAWKESBURY, NS, B9A 2R5, 902-6250791, 902-625-3722

TRE, 555 BOOTH ST, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 0G1, 613-943-1779

ONTARIO, 605-1075 BAY ST, TORONTO, ON, M5S 2B1

NS DEPT PUBLIC WORKS, PO BOX 186 STN CENTRAL, HALIFAX, NS, B3J 2N2, 902-424-2961, 902-424-6035

NS ENVIRONMENT & LABOUR, 13 FIRST ST. YARMOUTH, NS, B5A 1S9, SYDNEY TAR PONDS AGENCY, PO BOX 1028 STN A, SYDNEY, NS, B1P 6J7, 902567-1035, 902-567-1037 SYDNEY TAR PONDS AGENCY, PO BOX 186 STN CENTRAL, HALIFAX, NS, B3J 2N2, 902-424-2800, 902-424-7710

Ontario ATOMIC ENERGY OF CANADA LTD, CHALK RIVER, CHALK RIVER, ON, KOJ 1J0, 613-584-3311 CANADIAN NUCLEAR SAFETY COMMIS

SION, PO BOX 1046 STN B, OTTAWA, ON, KIP 5S9, 613-995-2618 COUNCIL OF GREAT LAKES GOVER

NORS, 610-25 ADELAIDE ST E, TORON TO, ON, M5C 3A1, 416-368-6956 DEPT OF FISHERIES AND OCEANS,

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 335 RIVER RD, GLOUCESTER, ON, K1V 107, 613-9989590 X 229

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 3-845 HAR RINGTON CRT, BURLINGTON, ON, L7N 3P3, 905-333-0203

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 49 CAMELOT DR, NEPEAN, ON, K1A 0H3, 613-9528677

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 4905 DUFFERIN ST, NORTH YORK, ON, M3H 5T4, 416-739-5884

FISHERIES AND OCEANS CANADA, 703201 N FRONT ST, SARNIA, ON, NTT 8B1, 519-464-5090

HEALTH CANADA,79 SEVENTH AVE, SIOUX LOOKOUT, ON, P8T 1H5, 807-7372340

HEALTH CANADA, 81 TWYFORD ST, OTTAWA, ON, K1V 1Z4 HEALTH CANADA, FL4-2720 RIVERSIDE DR, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 0M2. 613-9522594

HEALTH CANADA, PO BOX 42 STN MAIN, BRANTFORD, ON, N3T 5M3, 519-

ENVIRONMENT CANADA,6 CYPRESS POINT CRT, THORNHILL, ON, L3T 1V7,

751-6503

416-739-5801

PROGRAM, 120 PARKDALE AVE, ENV HEALTH CENTRE BLDG 8, OTTAWA, ON, K1A0K9, 613-957-1504

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 867 LAKESHORE RD, BURLINGTON, ON,

HEALTH CANADA SAFE ENVIRONMENT

L7R 4A6

HOUSE OF COMMONS ENV INITIA

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, PO BOX 5050 STN LCD 1, BURLINGTON, ON, L7R 4A6,

TIVES, 538-180 WELLINGTON ST, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 0A6, 613-943-1564

905-336-4467

INDUSTRY CANADA, FL3-151 YONGE ST, TORONTO, ON, M5C 2W7, 416-973-5159 INDUSTRY CANADA, PO BOX 11490 STN H, COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH CEN TRE, NEPEAN, ON, K2H 8S2, 613-990-

ENVIRONMENT CANADA ETAD, PO BOX 5050 STN LCD 1, BURLINGTON, ON, L7R 4A6, 905-336-6450

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, GREAT LAKES SUSTAINABILITY FUND, 867

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July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 59


Guide to Government Agencies & Associations

Government INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, FL22-234 LAURIER AVE W, OTTAWA, ON, K1P 6K6, 613-947-0194

MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOP

LAKE SIMCOE CONSERVATION

MENT & TRADE, FL6-900 BAY ST, HEARST BLOCK, TORONTO, ON, M7A 2E1, 416-325-5817

AUTHORITY, 120 BAYVIEW PARKWAY BOX 282, NEWMARKET, ON, L3Y 4X1,

MINISTRY OF ENERGY, FL4-900 BAY ST, TORONTO, ON, M7A 2E1, 416-327-6758

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ONTARIO, 605-1075 BAY ST, TORONTO, ON, M5S 2B1, 416-325-0363 MIN ECONOMIC DEV AND TRADE, FL7900 BAY ST, HEARST BLOCK,TORONTO, ON, M7A 2E1, 416-212-6995

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 1094 LONDON RD, SAFE DRINKING WATER BRANCH, SARNIA, ON, NTS 1P1, 519-

MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOP

MENT, 1201 WILSON AVE, NORTH YORK, ON, M3M US,416-235-4270

383-3794

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 1203-54 CEDAR POINTE DR, SAFE DRINKING WATER BRANCH, BARRIE, ON, L4N 5R7, 705 739-6392

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125

Need to dig up property-related environmental information?

RESOURCES RD, AIR EMISSIONS, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416 235-5777 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, DIOXINS AND TOXIC ORGANICS, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416 235-6273

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, DRINKING WATER MONITORING SECTION, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-6367, 416-2356235

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, ENV MODELLING AND DATA ANALYSIS, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-6222 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, GROUNDWATER AND WATER WELL MGMT, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-6231 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, HAZ WASTE INFO SYSTEMS, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-6259

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, INORGANIC AIR, ETO BICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-5849 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, LAB SERVICES BRANCH, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-5906

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, MICROBIOLOGY, ETO BICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-5886

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MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, NORTH WING WATER STANDARDS, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-327-6807 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, SEDIMENT SOIL AND VEGETATION, ETOBICOKE, ON, MOP 3V6, 416-235-6097 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, SURFACE WATER UNIT, ETOBICOKE, ON, MOP 3V6, 416235-6221

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• waste disposal sites • sewage treatment plants • PCB's • spills and discharges • and more... ERIS searches through over 460 databases and 3 million records, alerting you to environmental

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MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, UPPER GARAGE, ETOBICOKE, ON, MOP 3V6, 416-3274042

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, WATER CHEMISTRY, ETOBICOKE, ON, MOP 3V6, 416-2356094

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, WATER MONITORING SECTION, ETOBICOKE, ON, MOP 3V6, 416-235-6236

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, WEST WING GROUNDWATER/WATER WELL MGMT, ETOBICOKE, ON, MOP 3V6, 416-2356371

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 125 RESOURCES RD, WEST WING SUR FACE WATER UNIT, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-6229 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 733 EXETER RD, LONDON, ON, N6E 1L3, 519-873-5122

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 808 ROBERTSON ST, KENORA, ON, PON 1X9, 807-468-2728

60 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005


Guide to Government Agencies & Associations

Government

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL1-125 RESOURCES RD, AIR MONITORING, ETOBICOKE, ON, M9P 3V6, 416-235-

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL8-135 ST CLAIR AVE W, HAZ WASTE POLICY UNIT, TORONTO, ON, M4V 1P5, 416-314-

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, PC BOX 820 STN MAIN, DRINKING WATER COM PLIANCE, KINGSTON, ON, K7L 4X6, 613-

6157

4191

549-4000

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL12-40 STCLAIR AVEW, GREEN INDUSTRY/PROGRAM DEV, TORONTO, ON, M4V 1M2, 416-327-1453

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL8-5775 YONGE ST, INVESTIGATIONS AND ENFORCEMENT BRANCH, NORTH YORK, ON, M2M 4J1, 416-212-6459

MINISTRY OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS, 223435 JAMES ST S, THUNDER BAY. ON, P7E 6S7, 807-475-1190

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL14-135 ST GLAIR AVE W, INTEGRATED ENV PLANNING DIV, TORONTO, ON, M4V 1P5, 416-314-6352

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL9-119 KING ST W, HAMILTON, ON, L8P 4Y7,

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL2-40 ST CLAIR AVE W, STANDARDS DEV BRANCH,TORONTO, ON, M4V 1M2, 416-

905-521-7156

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL9-5775 YONGE ST, WATER RESOURCES UNIT, NORTH YORK, ON, M2M 4J1, 416-326-

MINISTRY OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS, 301777 BAY ST, TORONTO, ON, M5G 2E5, 416-585-6072

MINISTRY OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS, 401159 CEDAR ST, SUDBURY, ON, P3E 6A5, 705-564-6858

3763

327-6951

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL4-135 ST CLAIR AVE W, REGIONAL AIR ISSUES, TORONTO, ON, M4V 1P5, 416314-6419

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL5-135 ST CLAIR AVE W, ENV LIAISON OFFICE, TORONTO, ON, M4V 1P5, 416-314-8475

mmKINETICO Water

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL7-135 ST GLAIR AVE W, LANDFILL AND DECOMMISSIONING UNIT, TORONTO, ON, M4V 1P5, 416-212-7098

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL7-135 ST CLAIR AVE W, LANDFILL AND DECOMMISSIONING UNIT, TORONTO, ON, M4V 1P5, 416-212-7098 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FL7-40 ST CLAIR AVE W, HUMAN TOXICOLOGY/AIR STANDARDS, TORONTO, ON, M4V 1M2, 416-327-2949

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British Columbia-' www.gov.bc.ca

Government of Canada www.gc.ca

Manitoba www.gov.mb.ca

New Brunswick www.gnb.ca Newfoundland and Labrador www.gov.nl.ca Northwest Territories www.gov.nt.ca Nova Scotia www.gov.ns.ca

Nunavut www.gov.nu.ca

Ontario www.gov.on.ca

Prince Edward Island www.gov.pe.ca

Quebec www.gouv.qc.ca

Saskatchewan www.gov.sk.ca

www.kinetico.com

Yukon Territory www.gov.yk.c

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 61


Guide to Government Agencies & Associations

Government MINISTRY OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS, 8 ESTATE LANE, ROCKWOOD HOUSE, KINGSTON, ON, K7M 9A8, 613-548-4304

MINISTRY OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS, FL13-777 BAY ST, TORONTO, ON, MSG 2E5, 416-585-6219 MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES, PO BOX 7000 STN MAIN, PETERBOR OUGH, ON, K9J SMS, 705-755-1706

MINISTRY OF PUB INFRASTRUCTURE, 600-900 BAY ST, MOWAT BLOCK, TORONTO, ON, M7A 102, 416-325-0424

NATURAL SCIENCES & ENG RESEARCH

COUNCIL, 1100-350 ALBERT ST, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 1H5, 613-995-5840

519-826-4385

Island

ONTARIO CLEAN WATER AGENCY, 17001 YONGE ST, TORONTO, ON, M5E 1E5,

GOVT OF PEI POLLUTION PREVEN

416-314-0757

TION, PO BOX 2000 STN CENTRAL, CHARLOTTETOWN, PE, CIA 7N8, 902-

ONTARIO CLEAN WATER AGENCY -

WALKERTON, 130 WALLACE ST, PO BOX 220, WALKERTON, ON, NOG 2V0 ONTARIO PARKS MNR, 1902 MAPLERIDGE DR, PETERBOROUGH, ON,

327-9044

PUBLIC WORKS & GOVERNMENT SER

MOE SAFE DRINKING WATER BRANCH, FL4-1 STONE RD W, GUELPH, ON, NIG 4Y2, 519-826-4276

VICES CANADA, FL11-4900 YONGE ST, NORTH YORK, ON, M2N 6A6, 416-512-

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL, 1101200 TOWN CENTRE CRT, SCARBOR OUGH, ON, Ml P 4X8

Prince Edward

OMAFRA INVESTMENT DEVELOPMENT, 1 STONE RD W, GUELPH, ON, NIG 4Y2,

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORTATION, FL377 WELLESLEY STW, FERGUSON BLOCK,TORONTO, ON, M7A 1Z8, 416-

MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS, FL12-777 BAY ST, TORONTO, ON, MSG 2E5, 416-585-7018

ON, L7R 4A6

368-5037

GOVT OF PEI PUBLIC WORKS, PO BOX 2000 STN CENTRAL, CHARLOTTETOWN, PE, CIA 7N8, 902-368-5130

GOVT OF PEI WATER RESOURCES, PO BOX 2000 STN CENTRAL, CHARLOTTE TOWN, PE, CIA 7N8, 902-368-5671

K9K 2E4

GOVT OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND, PO BOX 2000 STN CENTRAL, CHARLOTTE TOWN, PE, CIA 7N8, 902-368-5185

5655

PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES

CANADA, 623-25 ST CLAIR AVE E, TORONTO, ON, M4T 1M2, 416-973-1259 TORONTO AND REGION CONSERVA

GOVT OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

ENV DEPT, PO BOX 2000 STN CEN TRAL, CHARLOTTETOWN, PE, CIA 7N8, 902-368-5340

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL CANA

TION AUTH, 5 SHOREHAM DR, TORON TO, ON, M3N 1S4, 416-661-6600 X 5633

DA, Ml 2-1200 MONTREAL RD, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 0R6, 613-998-0498

TRANSPORT CANADA, 45 STONEDENE BLVD, NORTH YORK, ON, M2R 308, 416-

PEI DEPT ENVIRONMENT/ENERGY, PO BOX 2000 STN CENTRAL, CHARLOTTE TOWN, PE, CIA 7N8, 902-368-5034

NATIONAL WATER RESEARCH INSTI

952-0507

TUTE, 867 LAKESHORE RD, ENVIRON MENT CANADA, BURLINGTON, ON, L7R 4A6, 905-336-6438

TRANSPORT CANADA AIR POLICY

NATURAL RESOURCES CANADA, 337555 BOOTH ST, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 0G1,

991-6435

CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESS

WASTEWATER TECHNOLOGY CENTRE, PO BOX 5050 STN LCD 1, BURLINGTON,

MENT AGENCY, 9E-200 BOUL SACRE-

613-947-9826

DIRECTORATE, 330 SPARKS ST, PLACE DE VILLE, OTTAWA, ON, K1A 0N5, 613-

Quebec

Containment Manufacturing Specialists GEOMEMBRANES

FLOATING COVERS

BAFFLE CURTAINS

Layfleld is a vertically integrated, ISO 9002

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(SLAYFIELD -

62 Environmental Science & Engineering, My 2005

Contact us at(800)840-2884 vwvw.geomembranes.coin


Guide to Government Agencies & Associations i i-

COEUR, GATINEAU, QC, J8X 4C6, 819953-8891

COMMISSION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL

COOPERATION, 200-393 RUE SAINTJACQUES, MONTREAL, QC, H2Y 1N9, 514-350-4300

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 10 WELLING TON ST, GATINEAU, QC, K1A 0H3, 819997-2800

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 13E-351 BOUL SAINT-JOSEPH, GATINEAU, QC, K1A 0H3, 819-994-3504 ENVIRONMENT CANADA, FL7-105 MCGILL ST, MONTREAL, QC, H2Y 2E7 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 500-675 BOUL RENE-LEVESQUE E, QUEBEC, QC, G1R 5V7, 418-521-3950 MINISTRY QF ENVIRQNMENT 180 BOUL RIDEAU, ROUYN-NORANDA, QC, J9X 1N9, 819-763-3333 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT 212 RUE

BELZILE, RIMOUSKI, QC, G5L 3C3, 418727-3511

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT 365 RUE

55 0, CHARLESBOURG, QC, G1H 7M7, 418-644-8844

MINISTRY QF ENVIRQNMENT 818 BOUL

LAURE, SEPT-ILES, QC, G4R 1Y8, 418964-8888

Government

A:

NATURAL RESQURCES CANADA, CP 4800 SUCC BUREAU-CHEF, VARENNES, QC, J3X 1S6, 450-652-4352

2755 WALLACE ST, REGINA, SK, S4N 4B9, 306-787-2016

PUBLIC WQRKS & GQVT SERVICES

HEALTH CANADA, 1920 BROAD ST, REGINA, SK, S4P 3V2, 306-780-5434

CANADA, B3-11 RUE LAURIER, GATINEAU, QC, K1A 0S5, 819-997-5421

HEALTH CANADA, 21 BRADBROOKE AVE N, YORKTON, SK, S3N 3R1, 306-

PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES, B2000-45 BOUL SACRE-COEUR, NATIONAL PRINTING BUREAU, GATINEAU, QC, J8X 1C6, 819-956-5418

332-3500

ONION LAKE HEALTH BOARD, PO BOX 70, ONION LAKE, SK, SOM 2E0

Saskatchewan

PRAIRIE FARM REHABILITATION, 111 ROGERS RD, REGINA, SK, S4S 6T7,

GOVERNMENT OF SASKATCHEWAN,

SASKATCHEWAN AGRICULTURE &

PARKS CANADA, PO BOX 100, WASKESIU LAKE, SK, SOJ 2Y0, 306-663-4558

306-525-1417

HOBO Water Level Data Logger The HOBO Water Level Logger is a high-accuracy, pressure-based water level recording device that combines research-grade accuracy and durability with a price tag that is roughly half the cost of most comparable solutions. It provides 0.1 % of full-scale accuracy with a 9m measurement range and better than 3mm resolution. Unlike traditional water level loggers, which rely on cumbersome vent tubes and desiccant packs for operation, the HOBO Water Level Logger operates as a standalone unit. This simplifies deployment and eliminates many of the maintenance issues associated with vent tube-based loggers. A second HOBO Water Level Logger can be used for barometric compensation when required.

MINISTRY QF ENVIRONMENT 770 RUE

GORETTI, SHERBROOKE, QC, J1E 3H4, 819-820-3882

MINISTRY QF ENVIRQNMENT 850 BQUL

VANIER, LAVAL, QC, H7C 2M7, 450-6612008

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT 100 RUE

LAVIOLETTE,TROIS-RIVIERES, QC, G9A 5S9, 819-371-6581 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT 98 RUE

LOIS, GATINEAU, QC, J8Y 3R7, 819-7723434

MINISTRY QF ENVIRQNMENT 100 BQUL

INDUSTRIEL, REPENTIGNY, QC, J6A 4X6, 450-654-4355 MINISTRY QF ENVIRONMENT 4E-3950

Features

MINISTRY QF ENVIRQNMENT 3E-140

•HOBOware software provides easy conversion to accurate water level readings,fully compensated for barometric pressure, temperature and water density as well as comprehensive graphing, analysis and reporting

RUE SAINT-EUSTACHE, SAINTEUSTACHE, QC, J7R 2K9, 450-623-7811

•Use either a second water level logger or a HOBO Weather Station for barometric

BOUL HARVEY, JONQUIERE, QC, G7X 8L6, 418-695-7883

ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEARING

BOARD, 210-575 RUE SAINT-AMABLE, QUEBEC, QC, G1R 6A6, 418-643-7447 MINISTRY OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS, 20 RUE PIERRE-OLIVIER-CHAUVEAU, QUE BEC, G1R 4J3, 418-691-2050

compensation when needed

•No-vent-tube design eliminates installation/maintenance issues and errors associated with vent tubes,such as bulkiness, desiccant maintenance,water in tubes, cuts and decontamination between deployments

•Fully sealed housing insures many years of trouble-free operation

MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES,

A308-5700 4E AV O, CHARLESBOURG, QC, G1H 6R1, 418-643-7295

•Optical/USB interface for years of reliable data offload in wet environments - no mechanical

MINISTRY QF ENVIRONMENT, 201 PLACE CHARLES-LEMOYNE, LONGUEUIL, QC, J4K 2T5, 450-928-7606

•Includes calibration certificate of accuraq'versus NIST-traceable standards at three points

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, 1579 BOUL LOUIS-FRECHETTE, NICOLET, QC, J3T 2A5, 819-293-4122 MINISTRY QF ENVIRONMENT, 3860-5199 RUE SHERBROOKE E, MONTREAL, QC, HIT 3X9, 514-873-3636 MINISTRY QF ENVIRONMENT, 200-675 RTE CAMERON, STE-MARIE-DEBEAUCE, QC, G6E 3V7, 418-386-8000

or elastomer connectors to fail

•lightning protection - no long .signal wires - electronics are shielded in stainless steel housing •Durable ceramic pressure sensor

•Multiple-rate sampling allows faster sampling at critical times .HOSKIN

For detailed specifications, please see:

www.hoskin.ca/water-level-logger.pdf

m

Hoskin Scientific Ltd. www.hoskin.ca July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 63


Government

m

Guide to Government Agencies & Associations

FOOD, PO BOX 609, OUTLOOK, SK, SOL 2N0, 306-867-5505

SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, 1081146 102ND ST, NORTH BATTLEFORD,

HWY, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A 5X7, 867-

Northwest Territories

667-8455

FIRST NATIONS ALBERTA TECH ADVI

DEVELOPMENT, PO BOX 1500 STN

SOR GROUP, 5061 5TH AVE, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A 1 LI, 867-633-6369 GOVERNMENT OF CANADA DIAND, 300300 MAIN ST, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A

1X6, 306-236-0403

MAIN, YELLOWKNIFE, NT, XIA 2R3, 867-

2B5, 867-667-3868

SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, 2042 EAST HILL, SASKATOON, SK, S7J 307 SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, 206110OMINICA STW, MOOSE JAW, SK,

669-2696

GOVERNMENT OF CANADA PWGSC,

DEPT OF PUBLIC WORKS & SERVICES, PO BOX 1320 STN MAIN, YELLOWKNIFE,

105-300 MAIN ST, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A 2B5, 867-667-3946

NT, X1A2L9, 867-873-7114

GOVERNMENT OF YUKON, PO BOX 1140, DAWSON,YT, YOB 1G0, 867-996-

SK, S9A 1E9. 306-446-7987 SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, 1-101 RAILWAY PL, MEADOW LAKE, SK, S9X

S6H 6V2, 306-694-3586

SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, PO BOX 220, KENOSEE LAKE, SK, SOC 2C0, 306-577-2605, 306-577-2622

SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, PO BOX 3003 STN MAIN, PRINCE ALBERT, SK, S6V 6G1, 306-953-2296 SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, PO BOX 5000, LA RONGE, SK, SOJ 1L0, 306425-4581

SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, PO BOX 6500, MELFORT, SK, SOE 1A0, 306752-6129

SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT, RR 2, CANORA, SK, SOA OLO, 306-792-4565 SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENT &

RESOURCE MGMT, 350 CHEADLE ST W, SWIFT CURRENT, SK, S9H 4G3, 306778-8642

SASKATCHEWAN HIGHWAYS & TRANS

PORTATION, 2174 AIRPORT DR, SASKA TOON, SK, STL 6M6

SASKATCHEWAN POWER, PO BOX 790 STN MAIN, ESTEVAN, SK, S4A 2A6, 306634-1329

SASKATCHEWAN RESEARCH COUNCIL, 125-15 INNOVATION BLVD, SASKATOON, SK, STN 2X8, 306-933-5402 SASKATCHEWAN WATER, 1 NICHOLSON PL, SASKATOON, SK, STL 4G7, 306-374-

DEPT INDIAN AFFAIRS AND NORTHERN

GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRI

TORIES, 124 JESKE ORES, ASSET MAN AGEMENT DIV, YELLOWKNIFE, NT, XIA 3V3, 867-920-6142 GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRI

GOVERNMENT OF YUKON, PO BOX 2703 STN MAIN, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A 206, 867-667-5269

TORIES, 5003 49 ST, NORTH SLAVE

GOVT OF YUKON ENV HEALTH SER

REGIONAL OFFICE, YELLOWKNIFE, NT,

VICES, 2 HOSPITAL RD, WHITEHORSE,

X1A 1P5, 867-920-8066

YT, Y1A 3H8, 867-667-8391

GOVERNMENT OF NORTHWEST TERRI

YTG WATER RESOURCES, 202-419 RANGE RD, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A 3V1,

TORIES, 5201 50 AVE, LANDS & INFRA STRUCTURE,YELLOWKNIFE, NT, X1A 3S9, 867-873-7569 GOVERNMENT OF NWT, PO BOX 1214, INUVIK, NT, XOE OTO, 867-777-7154 GOVT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, 5044 FORREST DR,YELLOWKNIFE, NT, X1A2B2, 867-920-3489 GOVT OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, PO BOX 1, FL3-PERRY BUILDING, INU VIK, NT, XOE OTO, 867-777-7144

SASKATCHEWAN WATER, 400-111 FAIRFORD ST E, MOOSE JAW, SK, S6H 7X9, 306-694-3970

SASKATCHEWAN WATER, PO BOX 310, WAKAW, SK, SOK 4P0, 306-233-5782

SASKATCHEWAN WATER, PO BOX 370, MELFORT, SK, SOE 1A0, 306-752-6175 SASKATCHEWAN WATER, PO BOX 689, WHITE CITY, SK, SOG 5B0, 306-233-5782 SASKATCHEWAN WATER CORP, PO BOX 756, GRAVELBOURG, SK, SOH 1X0, 306648-3356

SASKATCHEWAN WATER CORPORA

TION, 46WILLISTON DR, REGINA, SK, S4X 104, 306-949-1222 SASKATCHEWAN WATER CORPORA

TION, PO BOX 310, WATROUS, SK, SOK 4T0, 306-946-3200 SASKATCHEWAN WATERSHED

AUTHORITY, 330-350 3RD AVE N, SASKATOON, SK, S7K 6G7, 306-9337434

867-667-3102

YUKON GOVERNMENT, 310-300 MAIN ST, ENV ASSESSMENT UNIT, WHITE HORSE,YT, Y1A 2B5, 867-456-386 YUKON GOVERNMENT, 310-300 MAIN ST, HYDROLOGY SECTION, WHITE HORSE,YT, Y1A 2B5, 867-667-3144 YUKON GOVERNMENT, 310-300 MAIN ST, WATER INSPECTIONS SECTION, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A 2B5, 867-667-

MACKENZIE VALLEY LAND AND WATER

3234

BOARD, PO BOX 2130 STN MAIN, YEL LOWKNIFE, NT, X1A 2P6, 867-766-7469 PUBLIC WORKS & SERVICES, PO BOX 240, FORT SIMPSON, NT, XOE ONO, 867-

YUKON GOVERNMENT WATER

695-7285

Nunavut

7707

SASKATCHEWAN WATER, 3401 CLARENCE AVE S, GRASSWOOD, SK, S7T 1A8, 306-374-7704

2852

GOVERNMENT OF NUNAVUT, PO BOX 379, POND INLET, NU, XOA OSO, 867-8997303

GOVT OF NUNAVUT DEPT PUB WORKS, PO BOX 1000, IQALUIT, NU, XOA OHO, 867-975-5400

GOVT OF NUNAVUT PUBLIC WORKS, PO BOX 967, RANKIN INLET, NU, XOC OGO, 867-645-8185

GOVT OF NUNAVUT SUSTAINABLE DEV, PO BOX 1000, IQALUIT, NU, XOA OHO, 867-975-5910

INDIAN & NORTHERN AFFAIRS CANA

DA, PO BOX 100, IQALUIT, NU, XOA OHO, 867-975-4550

NUNAVUT WATER BOARD, PO BOX 309, BAKER LAKE, NU, XOC OAO, 867-7932140

PUBLIC WORKS & GOVT SERVICES, PO BOX 002, RANKIN INLET, NU, XOC OGO, 867-645-8153

PUBLIC WORKS & SERVICES, PO BOX 200, CAMBRIDGE BAY, NU, XOB OCO, 867-983-4126

SASKATCHEWAN WATERSHED

Yukon

AUTHORITY, PO BOX 2003 STN MAIN, WEYBURN, SK, S4H 2Z9, 306-848-2352

ENVIRONMENT CANADA, 91780 ALASKA

64 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

RESOURCES, PO BOX 2703 STN MAIN, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A 206, 867-6673120

YUKON RIVER INTER TRIBAL WATER

SHED COUNCIL, PO BOX 31213 RPO MAIN STREET, WHITEHORSE,YT, Y1A 5P7, 867-393-2199

YUKON TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT, PO BOX 395, WATSON LAKE, YT, YOA 1C0, 867-536-7405


Environmental NEWS

James W. Maclaren - a giant in Canada's water and wastewater industry undertaking projects in Libya, Nigeria, Cyprus, Saudi Arabia, Iran and Egypt. By 1978 the firm had a staff of over 500 professional engineers, technolo gists and support staff.

the current provincial government. In recent years he was a member of the Advisory Board of MacViro

In 1980 James F. MacLaren Ltd.

reunited with myself and a number of

was sold to Lavalin and Jim became

others, with whom he had worked at

Chairman of MacLaren Engineers, Planners & Scientists Inc., the envi

James F. MacLaren Ltd.

ronmental division of Lavalin.

Jim

James W. MacLaren, B.A.Sc., S.M., LLD (hon.) died on June 13,2005 in Samia, Ontario, at the

age of83. Jim had an outstanding career as a consulting engineer, and his

Consultants Inc. This role was of spe cial interest to him because he was

was

an

advisor

to

the

Jim MacLaren was highly respected for his integrity, as well as his engi neering expertise.

Walkerton Inquiry and also to the

Expert Panel which was appointed by

Sid Gillespie, MacViro Consultants Inc

Disinfectia

JOHNMEUNIER

contributions to the environment and

the related problems facing not only Ontario but the world as a whole, are second to none. His numerous services

uv

to the engineering community through AWWA, WEF, E.I.C., ACEC and oth

ers highlighted his dedication to his profession. After World War 11, Jim attended Massachusetts Institute of Technology and obtained his masters degree in san

Ultraviolet Treatment • Self-cleaning technology • Sophisticated alarms and monitoring systems(4-20mA) • Lamps mounted in air ■ easy to replace

itary engineering. In 1949 he joined his father in starting a new engineering firm, James P. MacLaren Associates. The new firm prospered and, following

Hallett 30

VCk wmmmm gm m m m r'wm

the formation of Metro Toronto in

1953, it was awarded the engineering for a number of major water and wastewater projects. These included the Lawrence Reservoir and Pumping Station and the Humber Sewage Treatment Plant. He became a partner with his father in 1957 and, when his father died in 1962, became president of the new company James F.

Sodium Hypochlorite Meetering System • Hydraulic, mecanical and electromecanical • Simple and afficient degasing head system • Skid and accessories available PULSAR

PULSAtron

HYPOPUM

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MacLaren Ltd.

Over the next few years the compa

ny opened offices in London, Winnipeg, Ottawa, Moncton, Windsor,

simi ANALYTfCAl INSTRUMENTS

Waterloo and Dartmouth.

Notable

projects in this period were the Greenway Sewage Plant in London,

On-line Instrumentation • Amperometric analyzer for disinfectants such as, free chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, bromine, iodine

the North End Waste Water Treatment

Plant in Winnipeg, the Greens Creek Sewage Plant in Ottawa, the Skyway

• No reagents, no membranes • pH and temperature compensation

Water Pollution Control Centre in

Burlington, the

Westerly

Water

Filtration Plant in Toronto (now the R.L. Clark Filtration Plant), the

Easterly Water Filtration Plant in Toronto (now the F.J. Horgan Filtration Plant) and expansions to the Hamilton Water Filtration Plant.

AMI TRIDES

Instrumentation Division

4105 Sortelon Street, St-Laurent(QC) Conoda H4S 2B3 Tel. (514) 334-7230 • Fax(514)334-2574

n^LIA WMcr

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The firm started working overseas, July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 65


Product and Service Showcase Prevent asphalt cracking 3ÂŽ If you were planning to rout and seal your asphalt joints after

Design of underground detention systems for stormwater management

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they fail, think about the added costs of

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Denso North America

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i

I

I

quantity. This

tion services to the Canadian water

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Memosens and Liquiline

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66 Environmental Science & Engineering,My 2005

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Product and Service Showcase The

JetMix^ Vortex

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Metering dosing package

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DMS pump systems designed to offer an accurate and dependable metering package with the standard Grundfos

519-469-8169, Fax: 519-469-8157, Email: sales@greatarioengsys.com. Web: www.greatario.com.

digital dosing pump components. Applications include: water treatment systems; swimming pools, car wash systems; food and beverage, and pro cessing industries. Easy to install and set up, DosingpaQ is the turnkey solu tion for your metering needs. Tel: 905829-9533, Fax: 905-829-9512, E-mail: alelarge@grundfos.com. Web: www. grundfos.com.

Greatario Engineered Storage Systems

Grundfos

Water Environment Federation. Tel:

ECO CANADA Environmental Careers Organization L'Organisation pour les carrl^res en environnement

EGG Canada Conference 2005:

Opportunities, Strategies, Growth November,2005 Toronto, Ontario The ECO Canada Conference 2005 is a new national conference that will iden

tify emerging areas of business within the environmental sector and demon

strate the importance of a skilled envi ronmental workforce. Tel: 403-233-

0748, Fax: 403-269-9544, E-mail: info@eco.ca. Web: www.eco.ca. ECO Canada

Package Water and

New Pipe Pac version 3

Moving-bed bio-reactor

now available

Parkson's Geo-ReactoP" is an attached

Wastewater Plants

growth, moving-bed bio-reactor. Its patented media supports biological growth, and its random movement aer ates the wastewater in unique ways. increased

DO,increased

We supply Package Water and Sewage

contact

Treatment

time

of the mixed

Pipe Pac version 3, has arrived. For

liquor with the biology, thinner and more active biofilm, and improved mixing in the

more information or to obtain a copy of the Pipe Pac version 3, contact the OCPA today. Tel: 905-631-9696, Fax: 905-631-1905, E-mail: paul.smeltzer@ ocpa.com. Web: www.ocpa.com.

tank. Geo-Reactors

Ontario Concrete Pipe Association

Parkson

offer

efficient

BOD reduction and nitrification can

easily be accomplished. Tel: 514-6368712, Fax: 514-636-9718, E-mail: canada@parkson.com. Web: www. parkson.com.

worldwide. The

Tel: 604-986-9168, Fax: 604-986-5377,

E-mail: saneng@sanitherm.com. Web: www.sanitherm.com.

Sanitherm Engineering Ltd.

Baker Tanks has you covered

if;

Plants

Package Wastewater Plant concept is a low cost, odourless plant, achieving a high degree of treatment. It is econom ical, easy to install and operate, reli able, fulfills regulatory requirements and is ideal for any location unable to coimect to municipal sewer systems.

New Hach UV probe

'Lan3 SuryejfQjii

on the cover

The new UVAS™ sc Sensor from Hach

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113th AGM at Deerfitt^aesort. . Ontario Ontarto > "—V in Huntsvllte.

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plus our regular features; _ WwUBTwfBiaiiwM

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Baker Tanks, a leader in containment,

filtration and pump rentals, has satis fied customers for years. One-stop so lution for liquid containment and fil tration needs. Renting: steel, polyethyl ene and mixing tanks, separation systems, berms, boxes, filtration sys tems, specialty pumps, pipe, hose and fittings. Tel: 1-800-BAKER-12, Web:

Company provides on-line measure of the Spectral Absorption Coefficient (SAC) of water at 254 nm for continu ous indication of dissolved organic ma terial in water. Sensor readings help op erators monitor organic loading at mul tiple points within the process to optimize treatment efficiency — with out the need for sampling or reagents. Tel: 970-663-1377, Fax: 970-962-6710,

E-mail: sstephens@hach.com, Web:

www.bakertanks.com.

www.hach.com.

Baker Tanks

Hach Company

July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 67


Product and Service Showcase Specialist training

Green Turtle™ Group

Stormceptor'

Practical Hands-on

Stormceptor® Systems

Progressive

Stormceptor is the North American leader of engineered stormwater oil and sediment treatment systems.

Formats

Rigorously tested, Stormceptor Systems effectively remove pollutants and ensure compliance. With a patent ed internal bypass, Stormceptor

•Test & Verify Chemical Properties •Select Ideal Response Supplies •Modify Response Conditions •Prepare Spills for Recovery •Reduce Disposal Costs

Systems treat all rainfall events and prevent scouring. Stormceptor Systems

1 - 5 Day Courses Tel: 905-578-9666 Fax: 905-578-6644

Web: splllmanagement.ca E-mail: splllman@on.albn.com

with

effective

and

cost-efficient wastewater treatment solu

tions that ensure reg ulatory compliance, including Proceptor™ oil and grease separators, and PHIX'^" Neutralization Systems. A leader throughout North America, Green Turtle'*''^ is committed

to dynamic research and development,

have defined stormwater treatment excellence for over a decade and have

and works with our clients to deliver

an unsurpassed 15,000 installations

meet their needs. To learn more: Tel:

worldwide. To learn more: Tel: 800-

877-966-9444, E-mail: info@greenturtle tech.com. Web: www.greenturtletech.

565-4801, E-mail: info@stormceptor. com. Web: www.stormceptor.com. Stormceptor® Group

Spill Management Inc.

Green Turtle pro vides business, insti tutions and industry

innovative

com.

Green Turtle™ Group

Trickling filters

TRANS-CYCLE

wastewater solutions to

Capsule type filters

INDUSTRIES,INC.(TCI) Waterra

"Total turn key service"

rently

cur

offers

two Inline Dis

posable 0.45

TCI provides full PCB disposal services including:

Micron Filters

Waterloo Biofilters® are efficient, mod ular trickling filters for residential and communal sewage wastewaters, and

— the NEW

landfill leachate. Patented, lightweight, synthetic filter media optimize physical properties for microbial attachment and

bidity FMT-45 and the high turbidity FHT-

Site remediation and decontamination

water retention. The self-contained

45. Waterra's

Fully funded closure bond PCB analysis(CAEAL proficiency tested) Full transportation services www.transcycle.ca

modular design for communal use is now available in 20,000L/d and 40,000L/d ISO shipping container units - ready to plug in on-site. Tel: 519-8560757, Fax: 519-856-0759, E-mail: wbs@ waterloo-biofilter.com. Web: www.

the user the most surface area (700 square cm) available in capsule type fil ters today. Tel: 905-238-5242, Fax: 905238-5704, E-mail: waterra@idirect.com

Disposal of all PCB wastes includ ing: transformers, capacitors, light ballasts and lead shielded cable

On site draining Oil storage and draining

FHT-45 offers

Web: www.waterra.com.

waterloo-biofilter.com.

Trans-Cycle Industries

Waterloo Biofiiter Systems

Hach increases lab efficiency

AMAREX KRT -"Keep it cool"

Hach Company's new DR 5000 Spectrophotometer and

The AMAREX KRT is

TNT

Medium Tur

KSB's

Plus™

barcoded

reagents for streamlined laboratory analysis provide automatic method de tection and reagent blanking that are said to increase productivity and reduce errors. Coupled with the new Hach TNT Plus reagent vials, the DR 5000 Spectrophotometer automatically recognizes the text method, determines the reagent blank and yields 10-fold measurement and averaging. Tel: 970-663-1377, Fax: 970-962-6710, E-mail: sstephens@ hach.com, Web: www.hach.com. Hach Company aA'

newest

Waterra Pumps

TESTMARK Laboratories Ltd. Committed to Quality and Service

sub

Laboratory services

mersible pump for wastewater treatment. Unique is the closed jacket cool ing system of the motor. Independent of the fluid handled, it ensures opti mal heat dissipation in all operating conditions (wet, dry, partly flooded, or permanently sub merged). AMAREX KRT pumps have a maximum flow rate of 10,000 m3/h and a maximum head 100 m. Tel: 905-

• Liquid Industrial Waste

568-9200, Fax: 905-568-3740, E-mail: ksbcanada@ksbcanada.com. Web:

Tel: 705-693-1121, Fax: 705-693-1124, E-mail: sylvia.rennie@testmark.ca,

www.ksb.ca

Web: www.testmark.ca TESTMARK Laboratories Ltd.

KSB Pumps Inc.

68 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

TESTMARK Laboratories Ltd. is

committed to providing our clients with superior routine and customized analytical testing services. TESTMARK offers a full range of services, including analysis of: • Drinking water

• Groundwater

• Wastewater

• Soils/Sediment

• Sludge

• Recharge

• Particulates

• Biota


Product and Service Shi Drive solutions for water and wastewater

Urn-. For more than 30 years Danfoss has demonstrated leadership in water man

agement with a host of measurable ben efits. For wastewater treatment the

VLT* drives ensure reduced energy

Wind monitoring station

Solid dual rod sensors Gems MlR-800 Series Sensors feature solid state

wave guides to reach within 1" of a tank bottom; espe cially beneficial when con trolling expensive fluids, where undetected inventory beneath common sensors represents costly waste. Available with rods of24" to 72"

they may be trimmed to required length during installation. Detector* sensors use Micropower Impulse Radar(MIR),

consumption, improved throughput and

or Time Domain Reflectometry(TDR),

a reduction in chemical usage. For

to measure the distance to the surface

Designed for a broad range of wind monitor ing applications, from wind power site evalua tion to crop spray deci sions and documenta

tion, the HOBO® Wind

Monitoring Station accepts up to four wind speed and direction sen sors, making it ideal for wind profiling at multi ple heights, and reports average wind speeds, wind gusts, and wind

water supply systems, the drives reduce

of the tank contents and output a 4-

water leakages, bursts and maintenance

20mA signal proportional to liquid

direction. Other features

costs. Tel; 905-829-2000, Fax: 905-

level. Tel; 905-829-2000, Fax; 905-

829-2630, E-mail; info@daviscontrols. com. Web; www.daviscontrols.com.

829-2630, E-mail; info@daviscontrols. com, Web; www.daviscontrols.com.

include plug-and-play operation, bat tery-powered operation and wireless

Davis Controls Limited

Davis Controls Limited

data retrieval. Web; www.hoskin.ca. Hoskin Scientific Ltd.

New variable speed AC drive

Metal analysis

Floating covers

Schneider Pine Environ mental Services

Electric's new Teleme-

Inc. now rent

canique Alti-

the

Innov-X

var 78 vari

Systems high performance Xray Fluores cence (XRF)

able

speed

AC drive is available from 0.25 to

analyzers. The hardware and software are adapted to a broad spectrum of ap plications including multielemental analysis of metals in soil, filter media, dust wipes, thin films, paints and coat ings, oils and liquids, alloys, and haz

800 HP, and from 240 to 600/690V. It

provides reliable motor control, elimi nation of water hammer, pump draining and cavitation, and access to real-time

ardous waste classifications. Tel; 1-

information. Tel; 416-752-8020 Fax;

866-688-0388, Fax; 905-795-0002, E-

416-752-8944, E-mail; louise.jones@

mail: products@pine-enviro.com. Web; www.pine-environmental.com.

ca.schneider-electric.com.

Pine Environmental Services Inc.

Arsenic removal

Web; www. schneider-electric.ca Schneider Electric

REVOC® floating covers use patented tensioners attached to the perimeter of the cover system to prevent undue cover movement and wrinkling regard less of the reservoir's water level fluc

tuation. REVOC® floating covers offer lower maintenance and replacement costs compared to other floating cover systems. Tel; 1-800-840-2884, Web; www.geomembranes.com. Lavfield

Cutting edge of small grinders

Macrolite media

Kinetico Canada

The new, more compact Chan

has three adsorp-

nel Monster® CMD1205-AD

tive media for ar

from JWC Environmental is

senic

designed for small pump sta

removal.

Systems to treat

tions and influent channels.

individual

The unit is similar to the big ger Channel Monster® grinder, but employs a re designed 5"(127mm) screen ing drum to direct solids into the cutting area, allowing installation in narrow 14" (356mm) channels. It has the high-flow rating of a much taller two shafted grinder, but requires 33% fewer cutters resulting in cost sav ings. Tel; 800-331-2277, Fax; 949-833-

dwellings, small and medium sized

communal sys tems. For infor mation on Kineti-

co's Ultrasorb-A, Ultrasorb-T or Ultrasorb-F media

please contact Ki netico. Tel; 800-432-1166, E-mail;

cws@kinetico.com. Web; www. kinetico.com. Kinetico Canada Inc.

Kinetico's Macrolite media is now

available for upgrading filter perform ance or increasing flow of existing

pressure and gravity filter systems. The media is permanently installed, has the best warranties in the industry and is suitable for all applications. Tel; 519927-9500, E-mail; cws@kinetico.com. Web; www.kinetico.com. Kinetico Canada Inc.

8858, E-mail; jwce@jwce.com. Web; www.JWCE.com.

JWC Environmental

July 2005, Environmental Science <6 Engineering 69


Environmental NEWS

nthrafilter FILTER MEDI^

Environment Canada

publishes final regs for

• ANTHRACITE • QUALITY FILTER SAND & GRAVEL ■ CARBON • GARNET ILMENITE • REMOVAL & INSTALLATION 20 Sharp Road, Brantford, Ontario N3T 5L8 • Tei:(519) 751-1080 • Fax:(519)751-0617 E-mail: swiidey@anthrafiiter.net • Web: www.anthrafiiter.net

CORP.

A

77 ORCHARD ROAD

AJAX, ONTARIO L1S6K9

hazardous wastes Regulations to improve Canada's man agement of exports and imports of hazardous wastes and hazardous recyciabie materials such as leftovers from

oil refining, the manufacture of chem icals and metal processing, batteries, computer and electronic waste, were finalized June 1, 2005, through the publication of the regulations in the Canada Gazette.

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High Pressure Water Jetting tina Liquid/Dry Vacuum Services Waste Water Treatment

Sponge Jet Cleaning

BAYCOR FIBRE TECH INC.|

°

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The Best Screen In The

The revisions maintain the core

World Is A

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Baycor Screen

Sludge Thickening Specialists

MOBILE GROUNDWATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS WITH MOE MOBILE CERTIFICATES OF APPROVAL

• 15 Day Start-Up for Fuel Oil, Diesel Fuel and Heavy Oils • 16 Foot Self Contained Heated Trailers • 20 GPM Oil/Water

Separator •Activated Carbon Vessels • Sludge Chamber • Overflow Protection • Heavy Duty Air Compressor • 24/7 Tech Support • Set Up and System Training • Remediation Pumps are Optional. Fortress Environmental Corp. (416) 809-3261

|vent-o-mat| "Anti-Surge/Anti-ShocK' 10-year warranty Air ReleaseA/acuum Break Valves

for Sewage & Water

of countries before the movement of

hazardous wastes takes place, the tracking of ail transboundary move ments, and the recycling of materials and disposal of wastes at authorized facilities. The updated requirements will further protect the environment and/or human health by introducing specific criteria enabling the Government of Canada to refuse issu

ing an export, import or transit permit if the waste or recyclable material will not be managed in a way that will pro tect the

Advanced Ductile Iron Manfiole

health. The revisions also include the

Cover, Grate & Frame Tecfinoiogy the weight of cast iron, yet 3 to 4 times as strong! one-man operable

requirement for waste reductions plans

infiltration-resistant, water-tight and lockable

762 Upper James St., Suite 250 Hamilton, Ontario L9C 3A2 Fax: 905-777-8678

Phone: 905-777-9494

info@hydrologic.ca

www.hydrologic.ca

INTERNATIONAL WATER SUPPLY LTD. MONTREAL

requirements ofthe current regulations including the prior informed consent

Saint-Gobain PAM

HYDRO-LOGIC ENVIRONMENTAL

IWS

Revisions to the Export and Import ofHazardous Wastes Regulations were needed to adapt to evolving interna tional obligations and to strengthen measures to control the growing issue of electronic waste. The new Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations were published for consul tation in 2004, and, following a short phase in period, will become fully operational in November 2005.

BARRIE

SASKATOON

WELL AND PUMP MAINTENANCE 1-800-461-9636

After Hours Emergency Pager:(705)734-3277 342 Bayview Drive, Box 310,

Tel:(705)733-0111, Fax:(705)721-0138

Barrie, Ontario, Canada L4M 4T5

E-mail: iwsfriws.ca. Web site: www.iws.ca

70 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

environment and

human

of exports of hazardous wastes des tined for disposal.

Report says pollution decreasing in Canada The Commission for Environmental

Cooperation (CEC) annual Taking Stock report shows pollutant releases going down between 1998 and 2002. In its latest report, the CEC looked at the pollutant trends between 1998 and 2002 across Canada and the United

States. In the case of Canada, govern ment efforts together with those of industry for reduction, recycling and prevention of pollution led to a 13% reduction in pollutant releases that


Environmental NEWS pose risks to the environment and human health.

Lead emissions to air are highlight ed in the report. Overall since 1982, lead emissions to air have decreased by 95%, brought about by eliminating lead in gasoline and measures by industry to reduce lead releases over all. However, releases from metal min ing smelters still are a concern. The Goverrunent of Canada recognizes the need for further action and last year proposed pollution prevention plan ning considerations that would lead to reductions of lead emissions from

smelters by approximately 30 percent

by 2008 and 60 percent by 2015 from the 1998 levels while targeting particulate matter and sulphur dioxide. Pollutant releases from Canada's

industrial heartland, Ontario, fell 24% between 1998 and 2002. As well, the

province ranks first in North America in recycling efforts which provides an economic and environmental benefit

to its industry and its citizens.

Rigorous inspections mean better drinking water protection The first progress report from Ontario's Chief Drinking Water Inspector confirms that overall the province has very good quality water and shows that the number of orders

issued to systems has decreased in the past two years.

The report shows that 99.7 per cent of almost 1.5 million water quality tests conducted in the last two years met Ontario's drinking water stan

wastewater treatment plant. Between August 14 and 17, 2003, approximate ly 293 kilograms of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) leaked into the plant's cooling water system. Under

normal

conditions, the

plant's cooling water would not be in contact with VCM, but on Thursday August 14, 2003, there was a power black-out which not only affected the operations of the company, but many other areas of Canada and the United

States. Contrary to its Certificate of Approval, the company's personnel failed to restart the cooling water sys tem after the power outage and as a result, unmonitored cooling water was discharged to the cut-off drain. It was not until August 19, 2003, that Royal Polymers notified the Ministry of the Environment's (MOB) Spills Action Centre of the discharge.

help in development of community and regional airshed plans. Nine such airshed plans have been developed in the last four years - more than were completed in the previous 10 years. Among this year's projects are: • Up to $45,000.00 to replace air mon itoring equipment in Prince George. • Up to $38,000.00 to replace air mon itoring equipment in Golden.

• Up to $28,000.00 to add additional air monitoring equipment in Cranbrook. • Up to $12,000.00 to add additional water monitoring equipment in Kitchener.

• Up to $4,000.00 to replace water monitoring equipment in the Eraser Valley. The

Minister

also

announced

$202,000.00 in grants to assist with development of airshed plans and other air-quality improvement pro

grams and studies. Most of this fund ing will support seven communitybased projects.

BC invests in

environmental monitoring British Columbia is investing $500,000.00 to enhance its air, surface and groundwater monitoring capabili ty. Minister of Water, Land and Air Protection, Bill Barisoff says the funds will maintain, modernize and expand equipment at some of the 37 air quali ty, 35 surface water and 160 groundwater monitoring locations across the province. During the last four years, the BC

government has invested in 146 air quality monitors and 184 water moni tors across the province. It also provid ed funding and technical expertise to

Among this year's projects are: • $40,000.00 for continued collection of data for the Golden airshed assess

ment and plan. • $40,000.00 for a study of dust prob lems in the Prinee George airshed. • $14,850.00 for woodsmoke and backyard-burning education programs in Port Alberni.

• $20,000.00 to support development of Phase 3 of an airshed plan in the Sea-to-Sky region. • $20,000.00 for Burn-it-Smart work shops. • $25,000.00 to BC Transit to support Clean Air Day 2006.

dards. Information available at the end

of April 2005 shows that only five per cent of the municipal systems had

Package

received orders in 2004/05 for infrac

tions in the most serious categories, down from 14 per cent of systems in 2003/04.

Since 1950

10-2 Alden Road

Markham, Ontario L3R 2S1

Royal Polymers fined

Water / Wastewater

NAPIER-REID LTD.

Treatment Plants

Tel: 905-475-1545 • Fax: 905-475-2021

www.napier-reld.com

$255,000 for non-compliance Royal Polymers Limited was fined $255,000, after pleading guilty to three counts

under

the

Ontario

Water

Digester Cleaning,Dewatering,Dredging,Disposal Complete Services

Resources Act (OWRA). RPL owns

and operates a polyvinyl chloride plant in the Chemical Valley area of Sarnia. These violations occurred during the summer of 2003 shortly after Royal

^^^^Tfimax Residuals an American Water Services"company

800-465-21 15 www.trimaxenv.com 1 www.americanwaterservices.com

Polymers had commissioned a new July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 71


Areas of expertise:

w

^ACDVErsi-ris Capital Inc.

New Ontario drinking

• Environmental

• Industrial & Manufacturing

...Turning Experience Into Profit

Lucy Casacia, B.Sc. Metallurgy

• Steel Manufacturing • Commercialization

President & C.E.O.

• Advanced Technology Phone: 416.301.4958 or 905.464.2586

www.adventiscapltal.com • E-mail; info@adventiscapital.com

Environmental NEWS

• Entrepreneurial

water regulation means safe water

A new regulation to ensure drinking water safety at businesses and facilities that serve the public is now in effect. The new regulation, which applies to systems serving non-residential and seasonal residential uses, includes fun

Four decades of excellence in infrastructure planning Er engineering BARRIE

BELLEVILLE

COLLINGWOOD

(705)726-3371 (613)966-4243 (705)445-3451

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PLANNERS

Creating Quality Solutions together

damental requirements for testing, reporting and corrective action to ensure public health is protected. New provisions in Ontario Regulation 252/05 are the first step in the govern

ment's proposed move to make public health units responsible for ensuring facilities such as churches, community hails, bed and breakfasts and tourist outfitters have safe drinking water.

These provisions will regulate systems serving non-residential and seasonal R.V.Anderson Associates Limited

residential uses.

environment • infrastructure

fer this responsibility to public health units as early as the fail of 2006, and will invest in hiring and training new inspectors. A proposed regulatory riskbased framework detailing the roles and responsibilities of the public health units will be released for public

The government proposes to trans

tel 416 497 8600 web www.rvanderBon.com

toronto welland Ottawa sudbury london moncton frederlcton charlottetown bombay

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operators pay an inspection fee, and a financial strategy to determine the

CONSULTING ENGINEERS

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level of those fees.

Environmental and Municipal Engineering Colllngwood

Bracebrldge

Orlllla

Email: lnTO@cctatiiam.com

Barrie

Manitoba government

Web: www.cctatham.com

supports water quality research on Lake

Winnipeg

CLEARVIEW Geophysics Inc.

Get a clear view of:

Manitoba Water Stewardship Minister Steve Ashton has announced $150,000

• UST's, buried metal, debris & fill • Former excavations & structures

"Specialists in non-intrusive ground investigations"

• Leachate plumes

Tel: 905.458.1883

• Voids and fractures

Fax: 905.792.1884

• Stratigraphy

E-mail: clearview@geophysics.ca Web: www.geophysics.ca

• Pipes and utilities

for water quality research on Lake Winnipeg in coilahoration with part ners in the Lake Winnipeg Research Consortium. The funds will support multi-disciplinary studies on the lake conducted off the ship Namao as well as other work necessary to restore the

health of Lake Winnipeg, said to be the world's iOth largest freshwater lake. A

CONTAMINATED REAL ESTATE We specialize in purchasing contaminated residential, industrial and commercial properties in Ontario. Work out options are avail able where the clean-up costs exceed the value of the property. Complete Environmental Solutions, 123 Briggs Avenue, Richmond Hill, Ont. L4B1X6

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Fax (905)764-9219

72 Environmental Science & Engineering,iu\y 2005

share of the funds will he available for

the purchase of space on the Namao for Manitoba Water Stewardship staff this summer.

One of the recommendations in the

Lake Winnipeg Stewardship Board's recent interim report recognized that "ongoing research and monitoring will he required on Lake Winnipeg." The


Environmental NEWS funding by the province will assist in gathering essential information to bet

CONESTOGA-ROVERS & ASSOCIATES

ter understand Lake Winnipeg's com

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plex ecosystem and to monitor its progress towards recovery.

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• A joint effort with Canada to form a federal/provincial Lake Winnipeg com

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• Development of an improved water management and regulatory framework through the Water Protection Act.

Lagoons, Digesters, Ponds, Giroux

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Sierra Club responds to the Bush/Blair joint press

□ELCAIM WATER

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conference In a recent statement, Carl Pope, Executive Direetor of the Sierra Club

said that, "while President Bush and Prime Minister Tony Blair both talked about the seriousness of global warm ing, sadly in practice President Bush consistently dismisses the growing sci

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in the room, but then turn around and

push policies that would increase America's global warming pollution? "President Bush called on Congress

to pass his energy bill, that would only increase America's emissions of the

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July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 73


Environmental NEWS

Giffels

Robert A. Goodings

An Ingenlum Group Company

becomes new PEO

SPECIALIZING IN:

president

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E-mail: lnfo@hydromantl8.com Web: www.hydromantl8.com

Robert A. Goodings

lNT€GRflT€D CxPLORflTIONS inc. Bio-Environmental Specialists since 1977 LAB Division

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• Bioremediation

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• Air & Water Biofiiters

• Site investigations • Aquatic Spill Surveys

E-maii: ieinc@istar.ca

Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO), the licensing body for professional engineers in the province, installed Robert A. Goodings,P.Eng., as President during its 83rd Annual Meeting on April 16, 2005, in London, Ontario. He succeeds George R. Comrie, P.Eng., CMC.

Providing a wide range of Environmental Services

Mr. Goodings was voted President

elect by PEG'S membership in March 2004. During his 2005/2006 term, Mr. Goodings will lead the organization

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Wastewater Management

Prior to his retirement in 1994, Mr. Goodings served as president, CEO

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Consulting Engineers (now CH2M HILL). Throughout his 45-year career, he has been directly involved in infra structure planning in water and wastewater systems across Canada and in other parts of the world. He is still active in water supply engineering, serving on committees of the Ontario Water Works Association and having worked with the Canadian Executive

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74 Environmental Science & Engineering,July 2005

Service Organization in Bolivia.


Environmental NEWS

Leaders in

Alberta highway project

Engineering &

earns environmental

Environmental Science

award A major highway extension project in Calgary has won the Summit Award for environmental excellence from the

Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists and Geophysicists of Alberta. The project featured numer ous innovative measures developed by international engineering and services firm AMEC,in partnership with UMA

Engineering Ltd. and Associated Engineering, to protect and enhance wildlife and fisheries habitat within

the Bow River valley. The award,the second won for envi

Ma

iro

MacViro Consultants Inc. 600 Cochrane Drive, Suite 500, Markham, ON L3R 5K3 (905) 475-7270 • Fax:(905) 475-5994 reception®macviro.conn www.macviro.com

Marshall Macklin

Monaghan PROJECT MANAGERS • ENGINEERS • SURVEYORS •PLANNERS

Specialists in Environmental Planning and Engineering, Hydrogeology, Waste Management and Water Resources Toronto, Calgary, Mississauga, Whitby 80 Commerce Valley Drive East, Thornhiil, ON L3T 7N4 Telephone: 905-882-1100 FAX: 905-882-0055 E-mail: mmm@mmm.ca

www.mmm.ca

ronmental excellence on the Deerfoot

Trail extension project, automatically qualifies the project for consideration for

a

national

award

from

the

Association of Consulting Engineers of Canada. Previously the project received an environmental excellence award from the Alberta Roadbuilders

and Heavy Construction Association. Innovative environmental features

of the project included; • The first major wildlife underpass to be constructed on a provincial high way. The underpass is 85 metres long and features a skylight to provide nat ural lighting. Also, 30-metre-wide lat eral wildlife corridors were created on

both sides ofthe river under the bridge. • A storm drainage system that cap tures all highway runoff from the bridges and two kilometres of highway to the south and carries it to a two-

stage sedimentation pond. • Realignment of a plarmed bridge over the Bow River so that a side channel would not be disturbed.

• Realignment and habitat enhance

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ment for a 170-metre stretch of Pine

Creek, an intermittent stream that flows to the Bow River. Features that

will improve the quality of fish habitat

Providing innovative solutions in engineering and environmental sciences

in this stretch included boulder fields,

offset rock v-weirs, plunge pools, riffle zones and the planting of native tree and shrub species. • Minimization of instream distur

bance and fish habitat impacts through innovative bridge design and materials, environmental monitoring and sched uling. All in-stream activities were undertaken during periods when no

spawning or hatching of local fish populations occurred.

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July 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 75


Environmental NEWS

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Ontario to make polluters pay more for spills If passed Bill 133 would impose envi ronmental penalties of up to $20,000 a day for individuals and $ 100,000 a day for corporations. Unlike fines, which are handed down by the courts, Ministry of the Environment officials would assess these penalties within a few days of an unlawful spill. The new system encourages companies to make greater efforts to prevent spills and provides additional incentives to clean them up quickly. When a penalty has been imposed, polluters could still face prosecution. The proposed legislation would also hold corporate officers and directors more accountable. A conviction could

result in sentences ranging from fines against a company to up to five years of jail time for its directors and offi cers.

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Positive salary growth for professional engineers The Ontario Society of Professional Engineers (OSPE) has released a

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The legislation would also create a special community clean-up fund. The Province and municipalities would use the fund to clean up spills and repair environmental damage.

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employers on engineers' salaries. In year-over-year comparison data, the report revealed an increase of 3.6% in

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Within the consulting sector, which comprises a large portion of employed engineers in Ontario, growth in median base salary was slightly higher at 3.8%. At the same time, entry-level salaries dipped across all sectors. Engineers' average take home pay package is worth $84,384. Now in its 51st consecutive year, this

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76 Environmental Science & Engineering, July 2005

organizations across all major industry groups in both private and public sectors provided pay data covering 11,626 engi neering positions. The aggregate data is presented in the reports published by OSPE.

Engineers and employers can now order Detailed, Industry and Custom Reports through OSPE's Career Centre. Visit www.careercentre.ospe. on.ca.


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Environmental NEWS cities surrounding Halifax Harbour, including Dartmouth, Herring Cove and Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Arsenic removal

technology evaluated

1997. The project includes the con struction of three wastewater treatment

plants, a collection network through three communities, twenty-two CSO chambers and several pump stations. Contact: www.jwce.com, oremail jwce@jwce.com

State of Washington orders world's largest

NSF International(NSF),in cooperation with the USEPA, recently evaluated the performance of ADI International's MEDIA 02ÂŽ adsorption media filter for reduction of arsenic in drinking water.

Verification testing was conducted from October 8, 2003 through May 28, 2004. The source water was groundwater. The treatment unit feed water

for the verification test had an average total arsenic concentration of 21 ppb, pH of 7.6, iron up to I.I ppm, man ganese up to I ppm, average silica of 28 ppm and high hardness. Following pre-treatment (chlorination and pH adjustment of the feed water) the ADI adsorption process reduced arsenic to an average concen tration of 7 ppb over the test period (to 2 ppb at the begirming of the test, to 10 ppb at break-through). In addition, the process reduced iron and manganese in the treated water to 0.068 ppm and 0.016 ppm, respectively. A

verification

released

in

statement

membrane bioreactor ZENON Environmental Inc. recently announced that they have been select ed to supply King County in the State of Washington with the largest mem brane bioreactor in the world.

During heavy rain storms or over flow events, the screens, each weigh ing over a ton and some as long as 35 feet, will play a key role in protecting the harbour by screening out municipal and industrial pollutants, discharging them into the downstream sewage flow and preventing them from escaping

The ZeeWeed MBR (membrane bioreactor) will treat an average day flow of approximately 144,000 cubic metres of municipal sewage or 38 mil lion gallons per day(MOD) with peak flows up to 204,000 cubic metres or 54 MOD, serving over 100,000 house

into the environment.

In addition, the company received an order for a second smaller plant, which brings the total order value to

Installation will begin this year as part of a massive project, initiated by the Halifax Regional Municipality in

holds.

$30 million.

was

June 2005 under the

Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program. ADI's process is based on adsorption of arsenic onto a ferric hydroxide surface. Patented in Canada, United States, Japan and else where, MEDIA G2ÂŽ consists of a nat ural substrate upon which ferric hydroxide is impregnated. The media is used in pressure vessels where arsenic-contaminated water passes downward through the media bed. Arsenic ions attach to the ferric hydrox ide media through chemi-sorption. Contact: email elw@adi.ca Halifax orders 22 monsters Contractor Black and McDonald has

placed an order for 22 JWC Storm MonsterTM overflow screens from JWC

Environmental for a large sewage treatment project that will serve the

St-Laurent's Mayor, Alan DeSousa,(left) hands the award to John Meunier's Gilles FiHon.

St-Laurent honours John Meunler Inc. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Saint-Laurent, Quebec, recently named John Meimier Inc."Business ofthe Year." The company develops, designs, manufactures and installs wastewater and drinking water technologies, equipment and services for its municipal, industrial and institutional clients in Canada, the U.S. and Mexico. With annual growth of 20% over the past five years, the com pany, which reported sales of$40 million in 2004, stood out for its administrative and personnel management, its job creation, its business development and its social involvement.

Following two years of efforts, John Meunier Inc. has recently succeeded in landing an $I8-million contract in Calgary and other contracts totaling $1.2 mil lion in Mexico. Other highlights of 2004 included new orders worth $50 million; the hiring of 12 new employees, for a total of 135; and an investment of$750,000 million in fixed assets.

78 Environmental Science & Engineering, July 2005


DO THE

Did you know that concrete pipe installations may cost less than polyethylene pipe? Get your calculator out.

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Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine (ESEMAG) July 2005  

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