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Japanese world of Manga

Fighting actors



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5/23/16 4:36 PM

Battle on Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Fighting Actors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 How 9 to 17-Year-Old Brazilians Use the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Let's Travel Together! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 The Japanese World of Manga. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Mark Zuckerberg: Hacking and Fencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Computers & Movies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Crossword Puzzle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


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One may not imagine that a quadriplegic can practice a team sport and compete at a high level, but that is the daily life for wheelchair rugby players. To play this game, created in Canada in 1976 by a group of wheelchair basketball players, you must have some function loss in at least three limbs and be ready for some heavy physical contact.

Quadriplegic: Quadriplegic a person who is permanently unable to move or feel both arms and both legs because of injury or illness. There are different levels of disability.

When it was created, wheelchair rugby was named murderball because of the extreme physical contact involved. That is, actually, one of the few similarities with actual rugby.


Ground Rules: How to Play Murderball Wheelchair rugby is played with two teams of four players that can be of both genders. Matches are split in four quarters of eight minutes each; in case the score ends up tied, three-minute periods are added on. The ball used is a volleyball.

The goal is to carry the ball until a player crosses the end line – just like a regular rugby try. A player may have possession of the ball for ten seconds only. If a team doesn’t score a point in forty seconds, they lose possession.

Physical contact between chairs is permitted, but striking another player from behind is considered a foul, as is any form of direct physical contact.

Players use manual custom-made wheelchairs, equipped with front bumpers and wings that help their performances, in addition to spoke protectors and anti-tip devices. They also use personal equipment, like gloves and adhesives, to improve gripping, and straps to help maintain their sitting positions.

Murderball, the movie In 2005, American filmmakers Henry Alex Rubin and Dana Adam Shapiro released Muderball, a documentary that helped make wheelchair rugby popular around the world. The movie was shot the previous year, focusing on the rivalry between the USA and Canada during the Paralympic Games in Athens, Greece, in 2004. The low-budget production received many positive reviews; it won a Sundance Film Festival Audience Award and was nominated for an Academy Award.


Ryley Batt


Australian wheelchair rugby player Ryley Batt is 26 years old and was born without both legs. The sport is the reason why he decided to actually use a wheelchair for the first time – until he was 12, Ryley only moved around on a skateboard. Watching a demonstration at his school changed his life and, by the time he was 15, he became the youngest Paralympic athlete ever to play rugby. With the Australian Steelers (his country’s national team’s nickname), he won a silver medal in 2008, in Beijing, and a gold medal in 2012, in London. When he’s not playing with the Steelers, Ryley leads the New South Wales Gladiators.

Josie Pearson Pearson was the first woman to compete in wheelchair rugby for England at the Paralympic Games in 2008. She was born in Bristol, England, in 1986 and, as a child, competed as a show jumper (a competition where you have to jump obstacles riding a horse). At the age of 17, she got involved in a car accident and became paralyzed, but retained some movements in her arms.


Unable to continue riding, she started competing as a wheelchair racer when she met a wheelchair rugby player that recommended the sport to her. She started to train and were accepted in the Cardiff Pirates, leaving her neuroscience studies at Cardiff University to play. In November 2006 was selected to represent Great Britain at the 2008 Summer Paralympics.



Fighting Actors BRUCE LEE Born on November 27, 1940, in San Francisco, USA, (and died on July 20, 1973), in Hong Kong. Styles: kung fu and jeet kun do (a martial art he invented himself ). Even after his death, Bruce Lee remains as the greatest martial artist of all time. He was the first actor of his kind to influence North American and European films in the 1970s. His most famous movies are Fists of Fury, The Way of the Dragon, Enter the Dragon, and The Game of Death.

MICHELLE RODRIGUEZ Born on July 12, 1978, in Texas, USA. Style: boxing. Known for tough-chick roles, Michelle Rodriguez always wanted to be an actress. She learned boxing for her first movie, Girlfight. Today, you can see her in the Fast & Furious series.


Martial arts movies are a subgenre of action film. The fight scenes are coordinated like a

dance, but there are a lot of actors with real fighting skills. These are some of them:

JET LI Born on April 26, 1963, in Beijing, China. Style: wushu (includes great part of all the kung fu styles). Gold medalist in wushu by the age of 11, Jet Li was declared a National Treasure by the Chinese government. He is famous for his agility and precision. His most famous movies are Wong Fei Hung Hung, Lethal Weapon 4, Romeo Must, Die and Unleashed.

GINA CARANO Born on April 16, 1982, in Texas, USA. Style: muay thai. Gina Carano was always a sporty girl. She did gymnastics, tap, and ballet; played volleyball, basketball, and football; and even rode horses. At 21, she started doing muay thai and participating in MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) tournaments. She started her acting career in 2008 and is best known for Haywire, Furious 6, and Deadpool..


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How 9 to 17 Year-Old Brazilians Use the Internet:

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73% 68% 67% 64%

use it for social networking use it to do school work use it for research use it to chat

Internet Safety Tips 8

S oci al Networks

48% 31% 21%

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have rece ive offensive d treatmen t

Data from: <http://data.cetic.br/cetic/explore? idPesquisa=TIC_KIDS>. Accessed on Jan. 12, 2016.

Never reveal personal information online (full name, phone number, home address, school address). Never give away your passwords (unless your parents ask).

Always log off the computer (especially when not in your house).

Always respect other people online and their opinions.

Don’t go alone to meet someone you’ve met online, and always alert your parents. Think before posting (what goes online stays online).

Always use privacy settings. Remember: it’s very difficult to know if someone is telling the truth online. If you’re afraid, insecure or being bullied, ask a teacher or your parents for help.

Adapted from: <http://cartilha.cert.br/>. Accessed on Jan. 12, 2016.


Let’s Travel Together! Do you have any plans for your next school vacation? Check out our suggestions for an unforgettable family trip in Brazil!

Do you love ADVENTURE? Perfect destination: Chapada Diamantina, Lençóis, Bahia Exploring caves with prehistoric drawings, swimming in huge waterfalls, hiking, and mountain climbing are only some of the cool activities you can do during a trip to Chapada Diamantina. It is located in the heart of the state of Bahia, 420 km from the capital, Salvador. With many valleys and canyons, it is one of the most impressive landscapes you can find in the country. The best city to stay in is Lençóis because it is close to the most famous attractions. Prepare your tennis shoes, your hat, and your bottle of water to live a real adventure!

Do you love the BEACH?

Perfect destination: Porto de Galinhas, Pernambuco Imagine a hotel that is just a few steps away from a very beautiful beach... It seems like a dream, but it can be real! Porto de Galinhas is a very long beach, 60 km from Recife, that offers many options of hotels, bed and breakfasts, and resorts. The sea in this region is calm, warm, and clear. It is perfect for swimming and snorkeling! Colorful fishes, sea turtles, seahorses, starfishes… You can see wonderful marine life under the sea with your snorkeling mask, especially if you are in a natural coral pool. Don’t forget a waterproof camera so you can take some amazing pictures!


Do you love ANIMALS? Perfect destination: Pantanal, Corumbá, Mato Grosso do Sul Imagine a place like a zoo, but where the animals are totally free. This is the spirit of Pantanal, the world’s largest wetland, which includes areas in Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. You can stay in Corumba and go out every day to see alligators, macaws, toucans, giant anteaters, and ocelots, in addition to many other birds and mammals. The wildlife you can see in Pantanal depends on the season of the year. During the dry season (April to September), many animals stay near the lagoons, like the coatis and the jaguars. During the wet season (October to March), it is time for the siriemas, birds with long legs, and the bugios, a very peculiar kind of monkey. Be brave and don’t miss this experience!

Do you love the CITY? Perfect destination: São Paulo, São Paulo Maybe you prefer to enjoy your free time at the movies or at a museum… So your choice could be São Paulo, the biggest city in Latin America! With more than 11 million people, this city has a lot of tour options for the whole family. You can visit MASP (Museu de Arte de São Paulo) or Catavento Cultural e Educacional, where you can see the Technology Museum. Visitors can interact with the exhibitions, play games, and watch 3D movies all in the same place. You will have fun and also learn a lot about science and technology!

Sources: National Geographic Brazil (http://viajeaqui.abril.com.br/), Trip Advisor (http://www.tripadvisor.com/), Lonely Planet (http://www.lonelyplanet.com/), Viajando com Pimpolhos (http://viajandocompimpolhos.com/). Accessed on Jan. 13, 2016.



e s e n a p a The J f o d l r o W

a g n a M

Manga are Japanese-style comics, which have become popular worldwide. Everyone reads comics in Japan – they are simply another type of book. Manga stories are about all kinds of things – science fiction, romance, action and adventure, comedy, adult themes, business, detective stories, history, sports, horror, mystery, and more. Anything you can find in an ordinary book you can find in a manga too.

When Did Manga Start? After World War II, when America occupied Japan, the soldiers brought American comics, American films – especially Disney films – and American television shows. Artists began to copy them and to make their own Japanese versions of these comics and later, films. One Japanese character, Mighty Atom, or Astro Boy as he is known in English, was first published in 1952 by Osamu Tezuka and is still one of the most popular manga characters. American-style superhero characters – Batman, Superman – were not popular.

What Kinds of Stories Do You Find in Manga? Manga were originally written mainly in two styles. Shōnen manga, aimed at boys, were about robots and science fiction, martial arts, terror, sports, and mythical creatures. All the main characters were men. Stories aimed at girls, called shōjo manga, were about daily life and the experiences of women. In both types of manga, the artists were mainly men.


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What Is Anime? Anime are Japanese animated cartoons which began to be made in the 1910s. They are shown in the cinema, on television, and direct to video. The Disney film Snow White and the Seven Dwarves was a big influence on anime. Many popular manga are later remade as anime. One very popular type of anime features giant robots like the Gundam comics.

Manga in Brazil The first really popular manga-style comic published in Brazil was Pokémon: The Electric Tale of Pikachu, released in 1999. Published the following year, Saint Seiya and Dragon Ball had already been seen in Brazil as anime productions. More new and classic manga followed. In 2003, JBC (Japan Brazil Communication) began publishing Japanese manga in Brazil, especially from Japanese artist group Clamp. Panini publishes the most popular manga titles in Brazil, Naruto and Bleach. Today you can find manga in other publishers too.

In 1969, a group of young female manga artists began to produce shōjo manga. New subjects appeared, like superheroines and romance stories. Today shōjo manga stories are more emotional and can feature groups of women working together. Female characters have become more important in shōnen manga too.

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gek iga

The gekiga style of manga is dark, realistic and sometimes violent. With a more political style of storyline, it began to appear in the late 1950s, produced by artists who didn’t like the other styles.

Bishōjo manga features school-age girls, while sentō bishōjo is about groups of female warriors.

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MarkMark Zuckerberg Zuckerberg

Early Years

Mark Zuckerberg

Hacking and Fencing

Everyone knows Mark Zuckerberg as the creator of Facebook and one of youngest billionaires in the world. How do you think his life as a child and teenager was? He says the recipe for success is very simple: a passion for learning new things every day.

Mark was born in 1984 in a calm neighborhood in New York, USA. His first passion was science fiction. When he was around 13 years old, he had a party inspired by Star Wars characters like Darth Vader, Yoda, and Luke Skywalker.

Mark Zuckerberg

Guess what his favorite toy was? A computer, of course! He got his first one when he was 10 years old. Two years later, his father helped him to program and connect two machines in different places – one at home and another at his father’s office. They called it ZuckNet. He also loved to create his own games. Hacking: accessing a computer or a network without its owner’s permission. Mark Zuckerberg

At high school, Mark and his friend Adam D’Angelo started hacking. They could get a computer to do anything they wanted. They also made an artificially intelligent music player that could learn what kind of music the user liked.

He liked to read a lot about Greek mythology and learned how to read in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. So now we know he didn’t become a phenomenon by chance. His future could only be brilliant!


Mark Zuckerberg

But he wasn’t just a computer geek, he also played sports. His favorite was fencing. With a sword and a mask, he did very well in his classes and became captain of the fencing team.

Sources: Astrum People (http://astrumpeople. com), Wikipedia (https:// en.wikipedia.org/), Funders and Founders (http:// fundersandfounders.com/). Accessed on Jan. 13, 2016.

Computers & Movies Computers represent the unknown future to which humans have always been afraid and curious about. Have a look at these synopses and see how movies represent this historic curiosity!

Tron –Legacy

Released in 2010 Director: Joseph Kosinski In this science fiction film, Kevin Flynn is a computer genius that disappears when his son, Sam, is only 7 years old. When Sam grows up, he looks for his father and discovers a “digital world” designed by Kevin. Together, they start fighting computer programs to stop the invasion of the human world.

The Social Network

You’ve Got Mail

This film tells the story of Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg. It brings details about his life as a young student and all the challenges he faced before the great success of his social network.

It was one of the first movies about two people in an online romance. They meet in a chat room and start sending messages by e-mail. But, in fact, they live in the same city and work on the same street.

Released in 2010 Director: David Fincher

Released in 1998 Director: Nora Ephron

2001: A Space Odyssey Released in 1968 Director: Stanley Kubrick

The movie tells the history of humanity since 4 million BC. It shows a fight between astronauts and a computer called HAL-9000 during a mission to Jupiter. The problems begin when the machine starts to disobey humans’ instructions.



Across 5. A team scores points by shooting a ball through a hoop.

Down 1. Two teams pass a ball with their hands, trying to hit the goal of the other team. 2. Players from one team throw the ball between themselves, trying to reach the end zone at the opposite end of the field. 3. A full-contact sport similar to football. Points are scored by carrying or kicking the ball down the field to the opposing team’s goal line. 4. Each team uses a racquet to hit a ball over a net into the opponent´s court. 6. Two teams of 11 players each kick the ball, trying to score by getting the ball into the opposing team’s goal.


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