Copernicus Marine Use Case Book dedicated to the Black Sea Region

Page 1

Copernicus Marine Service for the

BLACK SEA REGION

USE CASE BOOK


SUMMARY MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES P. 4

Chlo4msfd: a web portal service in support to msfd

P. 6 Iswim: bathing water quality monitoring in the black sea P. 8

Ocean noise mapping in support to eu and international regulations

P. 10 Supporting european member states with the marine strategy framework directive P. 12 Supporting the msfd directive in the black sea P. 14 Wise-marine: a platform in support to msfd

SAFETY & DISASTER P. 16 CMEMS in support to copernicus maritime surveillance service P. 18 Improving sonar communication between defence vessels

WATER QUALITY P. 20 CMEMS in support to emodnet seabed habitats

MARINE FOOD P. 22 Skyfish: water quality monitoring tool

MARINE NAVIGATION P. 24 Supporting ship routing in the black sea


The Copernicus Marine Service (CMEMS) provides reference data and information on the physical and biogeochemical state, variability and dynamics of the ocean and marine ecosystems for the global ocean and the European regional seas. Products are free of charge and open to all, accessible via marine.copernicus.eu. CMEMS is implemented by Mercator Ocean International on behalf of the European Commission.

Inventory of marine applications developed for the Black sea region with the help of Copernicus Marine Service products.

Should you have any comments or questions, please contact us at : communication@mercator-ocean.eu CMEMS_EU


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.7

U S E CASES

CHLO4MSFD: A WEB PORTAL SERVICE IN SUPPORT TO MSFD

CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

CHLO4MSFD is a web portal service focused on satellite data to answer the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) over all European Marine Regions. CHLO4MSFD is meant to incentivate and support MSFD actors to use chlorophyll-a values from satellites, in their monitoring and assessment processes. CHLO4MSFD Service will help them to: - Visualize satellite chlorophyll-a data maps for all EU Marine Regions between 1997-09-01 to 2016-09-01. - Extract and view time series data from user selected locations (markers). - Download time series data as csv files.   Learn more: http://chlo4msfd.azti.es/CHLO4MSFD_V1.0/

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

A user friendly tool to access historical chlorophyll-a data from

An extra source of chlorophyll-a data to support evaluation of

satellites acress all European marine regions. MSFD descriptor 5 on eutrophication

MSFD EUROPEAN MARINE STRATEGY DIRECTIVE WFD CHLOROPHYLL-A EUTROPHICATION DESCRIPTOR 5

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

Implemented by

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.7

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) aims to achieve Good Environmental Status of the EU's marine waters by 2020. Under the MSFD, each Member State must establish monitoring programmes to support the assessments (based on 11 selected descriptors) and the regular update of targets. At present, most monitoring programmes are based on in-situ sampling methods for coastal areas. For offshore areas, the in-situ information is usually sparse or absent. Data from EO satellites can provide suitable information for marine status assessment offshore. In particular, current ocean colour missions such as the Copernicus Sentinel-3 can support the assessment of descriptor 5.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

Copernicus Marine Service Satellite (Chlorophyll-a and Reflectances from visible wavelenghts) & In situ data in delayed time covering all European waters are used in this application. Product in use 1 Product in use 2 Product in use 3 Product in use 4 Product in use 5 Product in use 6

E MS • CM USE R

AZTI is a technological center based in Spain which expertise is focused on marine and food research. In the marine research unit, research covers several issues related to marine ecosystem functioning, marine and coastal environmental management, sustainable fisheries and aquaculture management and marine technologies.

More information here Contact Yolanda Sagarminaga ysagarminaga@azti.es

azti chlo4msfd.azti.es/

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

5

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.4

U S E CASES

ISWIM: BATHING WATER QUALITY MONITORING IN THE BLACK SEA CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

iSWIM is a dynamic web-based and mobile-friendly decision support system to enhance the management, monitoring and forecasting of the bathing water quality in the Black Sea, Mamaia bay, integrating numerical models downscaled from the Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea model with in-situ measured data and CMEMS remote sensing products. Taking advantage of high resolution operational modelling and web-based technologies applied to coastal areas in the Black Sea and other regions in the world, the operational implementation of iSWIM provides i) Increased situational awareness in terms of bathing water now and in the future; ii) Increase of safety, environmental and public health performance in beaches and recreational waters; and iii) Valuable, accurate water quality and marine weather information, needed to promote safer recreational activities in bathing waters. More here: http://www.actionmodulers.com/products/iSWIM/homepage.sh tml

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

Advise users of the beaches on the water quality Help national and local authorities in the management of bathing water resources or recreational activities

BATHING WATER QUALITY NIMRD ACTION MODULERS ISWIM MAMAIA BAY BLACK SEA INTEGRATED SERVICE

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

Implemented by

6


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.4

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

Mamaia along the Black Sea coast is the largest touristic seaside resort of Romania. Mamaia beach is one of the most famous beaches of the Romanian Black Sea. Monitoring potential impact on its environment require mitigation measures: local and regional water quality changes due to direct physical, chemical and biological disturbances need to be monitored. iSWIM is focused on the Bay of Mamaia and is based on an operational system (since April 2016) implemented by NIMRD/ACTION MODULERS.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

The Copernicus Marine Service porducts in the Black Sea are used for this application: Black Sea hydrodynamic and Wave Forecasting models and Black Sea Satellite Sea Surface Temperature. Product in use 1 Product in use 2 Product in use 3

E MS • CM USE R

NIMRD is the Romanian National Institute for Marine Research and Development and works on research to understand, protect and conserve marine and coastal environment in the Romanian EEC. ACTION Modulers is a Portuguese business and private company mainly focused on numerical modelling, development of technological solutions, safety planning services, training activities, and software development,

More information here Contact Braunschweig Frank frankbraunschweig@actionmodulers.pt

onal Institute for Marine Research and Development/NIMRD

w.actionmodulers.com/products/iSWIM/homepage.shtml

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

7

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.9

U S E CASES

OCEAN NOISE MAPPING IN SUPPORT TO EU AND INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

The adoption of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD 2008/56/EC) which descriptor 11 focuses on underwater noise, has given a great impulse to the market of underwater acoustic products and services. Quonops© Online Services, by Quiet-Oceans, provides noise monitoring and prediction tools. It produces an estimate of the spatio-temporal distribution of noise levels generated by human activities at sea and assesses source contributions to the global noise field. It provides for example real time noise and monthly statistical noise maps from shipping. It also allows mapping scenarios of noisy activities at sea to predict their impacts. The outputs are tailored to the requirements of regulations such as the EU MSFD directive. Based on physical acoustic propagation models, Quonops© considers the reality of the area through input data gathered from numerous sources. In particular, the Copernicus Marine Service temperature, salinity and surface roughness products are used to accurately compute the sound propagation and natural noise levels. More here: https://qos.quiet-oceans.com/qos/Copernicus_Marine_Service/i ndex.html

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

global coverage

Service available 24/7

Near real time capacity

Service elaborated with the most accurate data available nowadays. Supports national and regional authorities for EU directive implementation

NOISE QUIET-OCEANS MSFD DESCRIPTOR 11 MONITORING NOISE FROM HUMAN ACTIVITIES

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

Implemented by

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.9

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

The adoption of the Marine Directive which descriptor 11 focuses on underwater noise, has given a great impulse to the market of underwater acoustic. Attention has been raised on the topic of underwater noise and its effects on marine life. Yet, the effects of underwater noise are not fully understood. Some underwater noise can be heard by marine life over hundreds of kilometers. Sources of energy include (but is not limited to) 1) Shipping, 2) Oil&Gaz exploration sonar systems, 3) Construction of offshore Oil&Gaz platforms and wind farms, 4) Dredging for shipping lanes, sand mining and for laying pipes and cables, 5) Coastal developments, 6) Operation of offshore platforms.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

Copernicus Marine Service provides essential data that describes the physical marine environment: temperature, salinity, and surface roughness. These parameters of the ocean directly impact the propagation and the distribution of underwater noise in the marine environment. Product in use 1 Product in use 2 Product in use 3 Product in use 4 Product in use 5 Product in use 6

E MS • CM USE R

Quiet Oceans is a private company, French leader in passive acoustics, underwater noise prediction, monitoring and risk mitigation. It develops state-of-the-art risk assessment tools and management capabilities to help the offshore industry to secure its projects. It also supports the industry with shaped and pragmatic methodologies and integrated tools adapted to the level of risk.

More information here Contact Thomas Folegot sales@quiet-oceans.com quiet-oceans www.quiet-oceans.com

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

9

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.2

U S E CASES

SUPPORTING EUROPEAN MEMBER STATES WITH THE MARINE STRATEGY FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

AquaMar, an FP7 research project (2009-2013), is the R&D branch of MarCoast and provides Earth Observation (EO) based water quality services to support European and national monitoring agencies and industries operating in coastal waters. It develops water quality downstream services supporting the EU Water Framework Directive, monitoring Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB), marine coastal infrastructure projects, aquaculture precision farming and bathing waters quality. The Copernicus Marine Service Ocean Colour satellite data are used by the MarCoast Ocean Colour Data service to provide value-added services to the public sector organisations responsible for implementing policies at European, national and regional levels.

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

Free and sustained information provision. Provision of merged satellite information along with in situ information. Ready to use, global coverage, expertised ocean colour satellite products.

AQUAMAR MSFD EU POLICY WATER QUALITY SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS OCEAN COLOUR MEMBER STATE EUTROPHICATION MARCOAST

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

Implemented by

10


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.2

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

The aim of the European Union's ambitious Marine Strategy Framework Directive is to protect more effectively the marine environment across Europe. It came into force on June 2008 and was transposed into each member's state national legislation by mid 2010. It is the first EU legislative instrument related to the protection of marine biodiversity and aims to protect the resource base upon which marine-related economic and social activities depend.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

The Copernicus Marine Service Satellite Ocean Colour data are central for the MSFD, as it allows us to improve coherence in eutrophication assessments based on chlorophyll. Product in use 1 Product in use 2

E MS • CM USE R

AquaMar, Marine Water Quality Information Services, is a EU funded FP7 project (2010-2013) lead by Thales Alenia Space, which has now ended. Its objective was to monitor water quality as well as to develop and provide downstream services turning Marine Core Service products into water quality services, demanded by end user.

More information here

cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/94247_en.html

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

11

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.1 31/01/2018

U S E CASES

SUPPORTING THE MSFD DIRECTIVE IN THE BLACK SEA

CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

Marine modelling at the Joint Research Centre, Directorate General (JRC) provides a tool to examine the present and future state of the marine ecosystem and can inform and support a variety of EU policies including the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. The Black Sea has suffered from severe ecological degradation since the 1970s. The aim of the EU-MC SIMSEA project (2015-06 to 2017-06) was to implement an advanced ecosystem model to simulate the complex Black Sea ecosystem. This model is based on the validated JRC hydrodynamic model to generate future scenario simulations considering different policy options and climate change scenarios. Numerous hindcast runs of the Black Sea hydrodynamic model (Miladinova et al., 2017) have been performed to distinguish possible climate change trends for the Black Sea environment. Long-term evolution of the Black Sea thermohaline properties is simulated. Changes in basin-scale and mesoscale circulations are shown to be an important factor for the surface salinity variation. Copernicus Marine Service reanalysed thermohaline fields from 2005 to 2015 are used as independent results for intercomparison.

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

Direct access to oceanographic / environmental datasets

Free and sustained information about many ocean parameters.

Easy access to Open Data products from different sources

MARINE STRATEGY FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE JRC BLACK SEA EUROPEAN POLICY WATER QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

Implemented by

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.1 31/01/2018

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

The Black Sea has suffered from severe ecological degradation since the 1970s due to concurrent effects of intense eutrophication, overfishing, outburst of gelatinous carnivores and natural climatic variations. The main purpose of the SIMSEA project was therefore to implement an advanced ecosystem model for the complex Black Sea ecosystem based on the validated JRC hydrodynamic model to generate future scenario simulations considering different policy options and climate change scenarios.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

Monthly mean temperature and salinity, chlorophyll_a, nitrate and phosphate fields are extracted from the Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea reanalysis model. Satellite sea surface temperature and ocean colour data in the Black Sea are also used. In situ data will be used in the future. Product in use 1 Product in use 2 Product in use 3 Product in use 4 Product in use 5

E MS • CM USE R

The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to the whole EU policy cycle.

More information here

e Directorate D - Sustainable Resources Unit D.02 Water and Marine Resources ec.europa.eu/jrc/en

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

Contact Svetla Miladinova svetla.miladinova@ext.ec.europa.eu

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

13

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.4

U S E CASES

WISE-MARINE: A PLATFORM IN SUPPORT TO MSFD

CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

WISE-Marine is a portal and infrastructure for sharing information with the marine community on the marine environment at European level. Focusing on the state of the marine environment at the European scale, WISE Marine shows the information and knowledge gathered or derived through the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) process and other key marine policy drivers. It is developed in a partnership among Commission services (DG-ENV, DG-JRC), the European Environment Agency (EEA) and Eurostat. WISE-Marine presents available data related to the implementation of the MSFD in European Seas. WISE-Marine has developed a GIS map viewer https://maps.eea.europa.eu/wab/wise-marine-map/ displaying different layers originating from various sources, among which salinity and Chlorophyll-A from the Copernicus Marine Service. In the WISE-Marine map viewer, key topics can be explored and visualized spatially.This comprehensive knowledge base about the ocean is essential to support European marine policies and ocean governance.

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

Web Map Service (WMS) is used here: it a standard protocol for

serving (over the Internet) georeferenced map images which a

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

map server generates using data from a GIS database WMS fluxes allow to visualize on the WISE-Marine map viewer remote data from the Copernicus Marine Service portal

Implemented by

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.4

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

Recognising both the ecological and economic importance of European seas, the EU has put in place a range of policies and measures, related to planning and regulating the sustainable use of European seas covering a number of activities such as fisheries, offshore energy production, and protection of marine biodiversity. The Marine Strategy Framework Directive, adopted in 2008, aims to ensure coherence between such EU policies and sets three goals for European seas: to be productive, healthy, and clean. These efforts are also aligned with the EU's Blue Growth agenda.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

The Copernicus Marine Service Satellite Global monthly Ocean Colour data (Chlorophyll-A) is displayed in the WISE-Marine map viewer. The salinity fields extracted from the Copernicus Marine Service Global Ocean model is also displayed. Product in use 1 Product in use 2

E MS • CM USE R

The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major information source for those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, and also the general public.

More information here

EEA water.europa.eu/marine/

MARINE CONSERVATION & POLICIES

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

15

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.0

U S E CASES

CMEMS IN SUPPORT TO COPERNICUS MARITIME SURVEILLANCE SERVICE CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) is the Entrusted Entity responsible for delivering the Copernicus Maritime Surveillance service (CMS), in the framework of the Copernicus Security Service. The service is free of charge for authorized users performing operations in the maritime domain. The CMS function areas include: supporting the fisheries control activities, maritime safety and security, law enforcement, customs activities, marine environment monitoring (pollution) and other operations linked to anti-piracy and defense. EMSA delivers the CMS service via a dedicated web-based interface - Integrated Maritime Service (IMS). The IMS integrates a wide range of maritime data from various sources including ship reporting systems and ancillary meteo-oceanographic data from CMEMS, EMODNET and ECMWF. Various parameters such as sea surface temperature, wave height, ocean currents and sea surface height from CMEMS ocean model, including 10-day forecast, are ingested into the IMS tool. The integration of these data sets boosts the usage of the interface and assists the CMS users in assessing a more complete maritime surface picture.

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

information and tools for enhancing maritime domain picture Provide relevant services to all authorities/organisations executing functions in the maritime domain Respond to detailed needs and requirements as specified by users

EMSA MARITIME SURVEILLANCE MARITIME SAFETY COPERNICUS

SAFETY & DISASTER

Implemented by

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.0

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

The value-added products (i.e. Vessel detection, Activity detection as well as Wind and Wave Information) available through the Copernicus Maritime Surveillance Service allow to reach large user communities ranging from fisheries control, law enforcement, maritime safety and security, customs, marine pollution monitoring and other international organisations.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

CMEMS satellite observations and model products are integrated in EMSA's systems. The model products provide a 10-day forecast of global ocean currents, sea surface temperature and height, updated daily. The satellite observations provide chlorophyll concentration, sea surface temperature and sea ice maps in global and regional coverages. Product in use 1 Product in use 2 Product in use 3

E MS • CM USE R

EMSA is one of the EU's decentralised agencies based in Lisbon. The Agency cooperates with the Member States and the Commission to provide technical, operational and scientific assistance for the purpose of ensuring a high and effective level of maritime safety & security, prevention and response to pollution caused by ships and response to marine pollution caused by oil and gas installations.

More information here Contact Copernicus team at EMSA Copernicus@emsa.europa.eu EMSA www.emsa.europa.eu/

SAFETY & DISASTER

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

17

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.2

U S E CASES

IMPROVING SONAR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN DEFENCE VESSELS CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

The Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO) under the Dutch Ministry of Defence and the Netherlands Organisation for applied scientific research (TNO) are collaborating in order to improve underwater sonar communications between the Dutch Ministry of Defence?s sea-going vessels. The performance of a given sonar is critical for self protection. DMO and TNO have developed a sonar performance model, the most complex aspect of which by far is the propagation of sound in the ocean. Such models need to take into account the refraction of sound due to oceanic temperature and salinity variation in the water column, the reflection of sound at the surface, the influence of roughness (wave spectrum, wind speed, sea surface temperature) and bubble content at the surface, as well as the reflection of sound at the seabed. The DMO and TNO use the Copernicus Marine Service Mediterranean Sea and Global models as an input source for ocean density (temperature and salinity) in their sonar performance model. Gert Vlaming from DMO says that "we also soon expect to use the wave products from the Copernicus Marine Service".

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

Free and sustained information provision for oceanic water density. High quality information allowing realistic applied results. Provision of sustained and accurate oceanic water density and wave height for reliable underwater anthropogenic noise estimation.

DMO TNO DEFENCE SONAR COMMUNICATION ACOUSTIC GLOBAL OCEAN

SAFETY & DISASTER

Implemented by

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.2

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

Undersea warfare including sonars communication is strategic for all naval forces. Naval forces develop research and development activities, as well as test and evaluation to provide engineering and fleet support center for submarines, autonomous underwater systems, and offensive and defensive weapons systems associated with undersea warfare.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

CMEMS Analysis and Forecast model products provide with 7-day forecast of 3D ocean currents updated daily. Product in use 1 Product in use 2

E MS • CM USE R

The Dutch Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO) ensures that military personnel have modern, robust and safe materiel to work with. The Dutch DMO is involved in the procurement, maintenance and sale of materiel.

More information here DMO www.defensie.nl/organisatie/dmo

SAFETY & DISASTER

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

19

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.4

U S E CASES

CMEMS IN SUPPORT TO EMODNET SEABED HABITATS

CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

European seabed habitat maps are important as they contain essential information about the seafloor. They serve many purposes including the design of ecologically coherent Marine Protected Area networks, assessing benthic ecosystem services, establishing monitoring programs for seabed habitats and informing maritime spatial planning. They are also indispensable for Member States to fulfil their legal obligations under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, where full coverage of benthic broad-scale habitats of all European seas is required. EMODnet Seabed Habitats aims to provide a single access point to European seabed habitat data by assembling individual point datasets, maps and models from various sources and publishing them as interoperable data products for assessing the environmental state of ecosystems and sea basins. Habitats are influenced by the physical environment such as ocean currents and waves. EMODnet Seabed Habitats uses CMEMS model ocean currents reanalysis in the Mediterranean and Black Seas as boundary conditions to higher resolution coastal models to predict values at the sea floor (using EMODnet bathymetry and substrate data).

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

Standardized and interoperable interfaces.

supports national and regional authorities in fulfilling environmental reporting (Water Framework Directive) Useful, free and sustained information provision.

EMODNET SEABED HABITATS MEMBER STATES MSFD MARINE PROTECTED AREA SEAFLOOR MAPS

Implemented by

WATER QUALITY

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 2.4

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

EUSeaMap broad-scale predictive model, produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats fulfil the EU Member States legal obligations under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. The extent of the mapped area includes the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to Norway in the North. The maps are produced using a top-down modelling approach using classified habitat descriptors to determine a final output habitat. Habitat descriptors differ per region but include: Biological zone, Energy class, Oxygen regime, Salinity regime, Seabed Substrate and Riverine input.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

EMODnet Seabed Habitats uses CMEMS model ocean currents reanalysis over the last 20 years in the Mediterranean and Black Seas and used them as boundary conditions to higher resolution coastal models to predict values at the sea floor. Product in use 1 Product in use 2

E MS • CM USE R

The European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet) is a network of organisations supported by the EU integrated maritime policy. These organisations work together to observe the sea, process the data according to international standards and make that information freely available as interoperable data layers and data products.

Contact Eleonora Manca Eleonora.Manca@jncc.gov.uk

jncc www.emodnet.eu/seabed-habitats

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

WATER QUALITY

21

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.8 14/11/2019

U S E CASES

SKYFISH: WATER QUALITY MONITORING TOOL

CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

SkyFISH service informs users on the availability of the fish resources and the sustainability of these resources in the Black Sea. This service is targeting the aquaculture, fishery, coastal management and conservation activities in the public and private sectors. The main objective of this service is to develop a user-friendly platform based mainly on satellite derived and modeled information, suitable for identification of the most favourable fishing and aquaculture areas in the Black Sea Romanian coastal waters. The SkyFISH platform is a web-based service that can be used by the end-users as a decision support tool for finding the most favorable fishing zones or analyze the suitability of specific areas for aquaculture activities and monitoring of the existing ones. It takes full advantage of the multiple Earth Observation resources available through Copernicus Marine and its oceanic parameters.

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

Decision-making support tool

First time access to an interactive service tailored for fishing and aquaculture activities in the western Black Sea basin Improved planning of fishing activities and siting of aquaculture farms

WATER QUALITY AQUACULTURE SUSTAINABLE FISH FARMING BLACK SEA

MARINE FOOD

Implemented by

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.8 14/11/2019

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

Before the implementation of the SkyFISH platform, there were no similar tools for the Black Sea area available. Fisheries and aquaculture involved stakeholders can now use SkyFISH in order to better plan their fishing campaigns or to precisely assess the potential of specific zones for mussel farms development.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

CMEMS products are used in two different ways: 1. Integrated as modified products within the platform, in order to give access to basic oceanographic parameters. 2. Combined as added-value products, resulting in a suitability index for fisheries and another for mussels aquaculture. Product in use 1 Product in use 2 Product in use 3 Product in use 4 Product in use 5

E MS • CM USE R

TERRASIGNA is a Romanian provider of customized Geo-Information services, with strong expertise in the field of Earth Observation, with focus on Copernicus core and downstream services, data mining and satellite image time series processing. The company offers innovative and efficient solutions for environmental monitoring, with specific specific attention to inland and coastal water quality monit

More information here Contact Sorin Constantin sorin.constantin@terrasigna.com TERRASIGNA www.terrasigna.com/

MARINE FOOD

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

23

Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.0

U S E CASES

SUPPORTING SHIP ROUTING IN THE BLACK SEA

CASE • USE OVE RVIE W

Members of the academic staff and students from "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati (UDJG), Romania, are involved in research activities related with the Black Sea marine environment and maritime transportation. The Danube River and its connection with the Black Sea is the subject of one of the main research topics which focus on the sea state conditions at the mouths of the river and in the Black Sea basin. A 15-year high resolution data base of the sea state conditions in the Black Sea was developed in the framework of DAMWAVE project (http://www.im.ugal.ro/DAMWAVE/index_engleza.htm). Copernicus Marine Service altimeter measurements of the significant wave height were used to improve the predictions of a wave modelling system implemented in the Black Sea by means of the data assimilation methods. Based on the wave model results, various studies regarding the assessment of the wave climate in the Black Sea were performed with the objective to help the maritime navigation, offshore activities, etc. The Copernicus Marine Service significant wave height satellite data are assimilated into the DAMWAVE Black Sea wave model to improve wave prediction.

E NE FIT S • BFOR USE R

Assessment of the wave climate

Reliable information about sea states conditions in the Black Sea

Measurements cover the entire basin of the Black Sea

BLACK SEA MARITIME NAVIGATION SHIP ROUTING AVOID STORMS ROMANIAN COASTAL ENVIRONMENT DANUBE RIVER MOUTH

MARINE NAVIGATION

Implemented by

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Copernicus Marine Service

Version 1.0

U S E CASES

S A ND • FACT KE Y N UMBER S

One of the key factors in the maritime navigation is the knowledge of the areas that are the most affected by extreme events. Based on the information available from the DAMWAVE project, several studies were further performed to identify the areas where storms are the most frequently encountered in order to better choose maritime routes.

MS • CME P RODUCT I N U SE

For the improvement of the wave model predictions by means of data assimilation, the CMEMS product used in the Black Sea was the satellite significant wave height product. Product in use 1

E MS • CM USE R

"Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Romania, is an educational public institution, with more than seventy years tradition in high education and research in the fields on naval architecture and marine engineering. From this perspective, a team from the academic staff and students are involved in research activities related with the marine environment and maritime transportation.

More information here Contact Liliana Rusu lrusu@ugal.ro

"Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati www.en.ugal.ro/

MARINE NAVIGATION

COPERNICUS MARINE SERVICE

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Any question, please contact servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu http://marine.copernicus.eu/


MARKETS

Copernicus Marine Service supports all sectors of the Blue Economy.

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POLAR E NVI RONME NT M ONI TORI NG

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The Copernicus Marine Service polar environment products allow users to assess environmental safety in both poles. These products are used by national sea ice services to serve many user groups like:  National authorities  Research institutes  Shipping companies

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SCIENCE & CL IMAT E

We provide scientists with many products to conduct their environmental, climate and oceanographic research. They can rely on:  The Ocean Monitoring  The Ocean State Indicators (OMIs) Report, a flagship scientific publication

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We provide public authorities and governments with key parameters to support the monitoring of habitats within conservation areas. Many variables can be monitored by each European Member State using the Copernicus Marine Service, such as:  Sea water eutrophication  Ocean noise

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WATE R QUALI TY

SOCIET Y & EDUCAT ION

We develop ocean literacy tools for the general public, teachers, decision-makers etc. They are used to raise awareness about the multifaceted environmental pressures on the ocean:  Climate change  Overfishing  Plastic pollution

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M ARI NE NAVI GATI ON

We provide products contributing to safer ship routing (can reduce fleet navigation risks in ice-covered areas) and more ecological and efficient marine navigation (by lowering fuel consumption):  Ocean current  Sea ice  Wave

N ATU RA L R ES O U R C ES & E N E R GY

Our ocean models provide key inputs to estimate ocean energy resources to:  Monitor  Evaluate ocean offshore sites energy resources These data are used by businesses researchers and decision-makers.

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COASTAL M O NITO R IN G

The modelling method called “Downscaling” allows the Copernicus Marine Service data to be used to develop high resolution coastal models, useful for coastal management.

Using our products, each European Member State can:  Monitor sea water  Notably sea water quality in line with eutrophication in the European Marine areas impacted by Strategy Framework harmful algae blooms Directive (MSFD)

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M A R IN E CO N S E RVAT I O N & PO L IC IES

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M A R IN E FO O D

Our products and services are used to model fish habitats with variables like chorophyll and sea surface temperature, for example. These contribute to the sustainable management of:  Fisheries  Aquaculture farms

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SA FE TY & D ISASTE R

Our daily forecast ocean model provides inputs for:  Search and rescue  Meteo-ocean software dashboards The ocean current model can be used for drift forecasting of oil spills that help government agencies to better plan emergency response operations.


COPERNICUS MARINE DATA FOR THE BLACK SEA REGION

Implemented by

marine.opernicus.eu

@CMEMS_EU

Copernicus Marine Service

servicedesk.cmems@mercator-ocean.eu