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NUMBER AND TITLE OF LESSON

MODULE

GLOBALIZATION LESSON 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE CONCEPT OF GLOBALIZATION LEZIONE 2:* I PROCESSI DI GLOBALIZZAZIONE: ECONOMIA E SOCIETÀ LEZIONE 3:* CULTURA E NUOVE IDENTITÀ LEZIONE 4:* RISCHI E OPPORTUNITÀ IN UNA SOCIETÀ GLOBALE

TIMING 5 HOURS EACH LESSON DISTRIBUTION BEGINNING OF FIRST TERM OVER TERM CLASS QUINTA - LICEO ECONOMICO SOCIALE LANGUAGE LEVEL OF A2 – B1 STUDENTS L. lesson (unità didattica) U.T. teaching unit (unità di apprendimento)

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Syllabus

GLOBALIZATION

SOCIOLOGY

CLASSE QUINTA LICEO ECONOMICO SOCIALE – LES MODULE 1 – LESSON 1 – T.U.1 /T.U.2 (DURATA 5 ORE): INTRODUCTION TO THE CONCEPT OF GLOBALIZATION DISCIPLINA TEMI READING AND LISTENING SPEAKING AND WRITING LANGUAGE

LISTENING “Globalization easily explained” “ The Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization” “Pros and Cons of Globalization” (videos from you tube) READING: SCRAMBLED TEXT rearrange a scrambled text reading and understanding its meaning

L. lesson (unità didattica) U.T. teaching unit (unità di apprendimento)

SPEAKING - asking to guess definitions - expressing his/her own opinion - describing a picture

linking words how to describe a photo or a picture useful expressions to express opinion, agreement, disagreement

WRITING - to write short text, using linking expressions - to explain his/her choice

*PW pair work **GW group work

STRATEGIES FOR COMPREHENSION AND RE-INTERPRETATION LEARNING SKILLS. - eliciting prior knowledges (personal encyclopedia) to settle learning - activating students expectancy grammar to understand the text - improving language skill, giving coherence and cohesion to his/her own speaking. - lowering affecting filters to speak without fear (using short descriptions and playing activates the rule of forgetting).


LESSON 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE CONCEPT OF GLOBALIZATION TIME: 5 HOURS  What is globalization.  How advances in technology influence CONTENTS OF globalization. LESSON  Globalization and business competition.  Economic disadvantage of globalization.  Environmental consequences of globalization. NUMBER AND  T.U.1 (2 hour and 30 minutes) TIME OF  T.U.2 (2 hour and 30 minutes) TEACHING UNITS

TEACHING UNIT 1 (2 hour and 30 minutes with a break of 10 minutes)  understand the meaning of the concept of globalization  learn new words and collocations AIMS FOR EACH LEARNING about globalization OBJECTIVE (KNOWLEDGE,  understand the influence of SKILLS, LANGUAGE) AND technological advances on market RELATIONSHIP WITH COURSE and business competition CONTENT  understand that there are economic and environmental consequences of globalization  knowledge of the market mechanism of supply and demand (economic model of price REQUIREMENTS FOR EACH determination) LEARNING OBJECTIVE (KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS,  listening skills: to understand a LANGUAGE) video without using the subtitles speaking skills  basic summarizing skills


MOTIVATION (20 minutes)  A.1* Using their mobile phones, students post on the whatsapp class group their impression on a set of pictures describing some aspects of globalization (they can also do this in Italian, because the aim of the activity is to elicit students prior knowledge) Brainstorming on the whatsapp results. (whole class) *Activity 1. PROCEDURE FOR REACHING LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ACTIVITIES FOR PHASES OF MOTIVATION, GLOBAL COMPREHENSION, DETAILED COMPREHENSION AND PRODUCTION. CLIL TEACHING MATERIALS ATTACHED.

GLOBAL COMPREHENSION (10+10+10 minutes)  A.2 Watching and listening (once) a video from you tube, without subtitles  A.3 Language: after the video, fill a spider gram (attachment n.1) with keywords from the listening (in pairs)  A.4 Give a set of mixed up pictures (attachment n.2) from the video, put them in the right order (individual work), than compare the different organizations in small groups (group of four) DETAILED COMPREHENSION (10+20+20 minutes)  A.5 Watch the video again  A.6 During the video check the order of the set of pictures from activity 4. This is an undemanding

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task, because the pictures are the same as the video. (Individual work)  A.7 Scrambled text: given the transcription of the video (attachment n.3), cut in small stripes of paper, students rearrange the text. (in pairs) To facilitate the task, the different paragraphs will be printed in different colors. The full text (attachment n.4) will be shown on the interactive whiteboard* after pair work, so students can check their answers.  A.8 Students read the text once more individually, then the whole class, with the teacher’s help, identifies and underlines the linking words. Students, in pairs, categorize the linking words and put them in a grid (attachment n.5), adding some others they can remember. The whole class checks. PRODUCTION (20+20 minutes)  A.9 In group of four, summarize the text, using at least 3 linking expressions. Then form new groups (with students from different ones) and compare and correct the work.

*IWB Interactive Whiteboard (Italian: LIM)

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TEACHING UNIT 2 (2 hour and 30 minutes) AIMS FOR EACH LEARNING OBJECTIVE (KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, LANGUAGE) AND RELATIONSHIP WITH COURSE CONTENT REQUIREMENTS FOR EACH LEARNING OBJECTIVE (KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, LANGUAGE)

 improving speed reading skills  introducing new words and concepts for Globalization  outlining PROS and CONS of Globalization  basic knowledge on Globalization  basic Internet surfing skills  basic knowledge on using Padlet MOTIVATION (20 minutes)  A.10 Snowball definition game (attachment n.8) The aim of this game is to teach new vocabulary in a pleasant way, so that the students playing the game, speak to each other fearless. RULE OF FORGETTING: walking round the classroom and having fun while they are learning, I hope that they can lower their affective filter.

PROCEDURE FOR REACHING LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ACTIVITIES FOR PHASES OF MOTIVATION, GLOBAL COMPREHENSION, DETAILED COMPREHENSION AND GLOBAL COMPREHENSION PRODUCTION. (10+10 minutes) CLIL TEACHING MATERIALS  A.11 Watching and listening (once) ATTACHED the following videos from you tube: The Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =iWzi7stqSAg Pros and Cons of Globalization https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =hvpUvd5zYgg During the listening the students fill

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a grid listing the PROS and the CONS of Globalization. (attachment n. 9) DETAILED COMPREHENSION (10+10+20+10 minutes)  A.12 The students can use their mobiles to watch and listen the videos once more, to check and complete their grids. (individual work) Than check the results in pairs.  A.13 The students choose one PRO and one CON from their grids, then using mobiles phones surf the Internet to find one picture for each. (individual work)  A.14 The students describe the pictures and explain (in writing) why they have chosen them using some expressions given as examples (attachment n.10) Students work in pairs. A.15 Language: how to express opinions, (attachment n. 11) in small group. REVISING VOCABULARY (10 minutes)  A.14 The students solve the crossword (attachment n.6-7) in pairs. The activity is done as a challenge: the couple who gives more right answers in less time wins.

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PRODUCTION (15+ minutes)  A.15 Using mobile phones students post, on the digital board Padlet linked below, their personal opinion on Globalization, adding some pictures to delineate their point of view.(individual work for B1+ students, the others in pairs)  A.16 Using the interactive whiteboard, the whole class check the posts on Padlet. Each student explains his/her point of view to the classmates. (lower levels read their works, B1+ discuss without reading) Bibliografia/sitografia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJ0nFD19eT8&li st=PL-ILYOUaWI7TnmAm000TMaI2-MpVWUX_&index=2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWzi7stqSAg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvpUvd5zYgg http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/exams/sp eaking-exams/describe-photo-or-picture http://yvanbaptiste.pagespersoorange.fr/methodo/opinion.htm Collins A Level Sociology - Sociology A2 for AQA 1 apr 2009

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ATTACHMENT N.1a

GLOBALIZATION MEANS THE ________________________ ADVANCES IN ________________________

MORE ___________ PRODUCTS ARE ________________ FOR MORE PEOPLE.

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_______________________

ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED ________________________


ATTACHMENT N.1b

KEYS

ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGIY

GLOBALIZATION MEANS THE THE COMING TOGETHER OF COUNTRIES AND NATIONS WORLDWIDE

GLOBALIZATION

MORE AFFORDABLE PRODUCTS ARE AVAILABLE FOR MORE PEOPLE.

ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED COUNTRIES.

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ATTACHMENT N.2

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ATTACHMENT N.3 (the text is copied twice to optimize the photocopying) Globalization is a widely discussed topic. It is therefore not all that to easy explain such a complicated term in simple words. Let’s start from the beginning with the background to globalization. Advances in technology such as mobile phones, airplanes, telephones and the Internet have made the growth of transport and communication networks possible. Amongst other things this means that people and countries can exchange information and goods more quickly and in a less complicated way. This process is called globalization.

Globalization is a widely discussed topic. It is therefore not all that easy to explain such a complicated term in simple words. Let’s start from the beginning with the background to globalization. Advances in technology such as mobile phones, airplanes, telephones and the Internet have made the growth of transport and communication networks possible. Amongst other things this means that people and countries can exchange information and goods more quickly and in a less complicated way. This process is called globalization.

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Globalization comes from “globe” and means the coming together of countries and nations worldwide. Let’s look at an example. Companies used to manufacture products in their home countries, just like the companies Profi-TV and Supercolor, who produce televisions in country A. Their products are in direct competition with each other, but both companies pay the same salaries and production costs. They have the same customers, use similar suppliers and sell televisions at similar prices. In short the same conditions apply to both companies. So far so good.

Globalization comes from “globe” and means the coming together of countries and nations worldwide. Let’s look at an example. Companies used to manufacture products in their home countries, just like the companies Profi-TV and Supercolor, who produce televisions in country A. Their products are in direct competition with each other, but both companies pay the same salaries and production costs. They have the same customers, use similar suppliers and sell televisions at similar prices. In short the same conditions apply to both companies. So far so good.

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Due to technical, cultural and economic developments that have come about through globalization, other companies which manufactured products under different conditions, can now offer their products in country A too. That’s why a company from country B can sell televisions here at a lower price, because they were produced for less. The local firms Supercolor and Profi-TV have to react to withstand the competition and so the world grows closer together and there is an active exchange of goods between countries. 15

More affordable products are available for more people. However, not only does an exchange of products and economic goods take place, but also of services, knowledge, cultural goods and even languages. All of these individual elements are closely linked and influence each other.

Due to technical, cultural and economic developments that have come about through globalization, other companies which manufactured products under different conditions, can now offer their products in country A too. That’s why a company from country B can sell televisions here at a lower price, because they were produced for less. The local firms Supercolor and Profi-TV have to react to withstand the competition and so the world grows closer together and there is an active exchange of goods between countries. More affordable products are available for more people. However, not only does an exchange of products and economic goods take place, but also of services, knowledge, cultural goods and even languages. All of these individual elements are closely linked and influence each other.


But, where there is light there is also shadow. Because of globalization and this intense exchange of goods, people and the environment often suffer. If a company decides to move production to an economically disadvantaged country, people in industrialized countries lose their jobs. At the same time, job opportunities open up to many locals in the economically disadvantaged countries. Many people in these countries work for very little money in comparison to those in industrialized countries. Therefore they often remain poor and more often than not do not have sufficient insurance, social insurance or health insurance cover.

But, where there is light there is also shadow. Because of globalization and this intense exchange of goods, people and the environment often suffer. If a company decides to move production to an economically disadvantaged country, people in industrialized countries lose their jobs. At the same time, job opportunities open up to many locals in the economically disadvantaged countries. Many people in these countries work for very little money in comparison to those in industrialized countries. Therefore they often remain poor and more often than not do not have sufficient insurance, social insurance or health insurance cover.

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A further disadvantage of globalization is ecological problems such as climate change. The use of airplanes, ships and lorries to transport goods over international borders is constantly on the increase, this causes more carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere, which, in turn, is the main cause of global warming. Even national environmental standards are ignored, this is a further cost factor in the worldwide international site-competition, which should be kept as low as possible to be attractive for a company. 17

There are therefore many sides to globalization, which affect almost all aspects of life, causing me to think the chain of positive and negative effects will continue to grow further. What’s important is to realize that globalization itself is neither good nor bad: it just depends on how people deal with all the new possibilities in the future.

A further disadvantage of globalization is ecological problems such as climate change. The use of airplanes, ships and lorries to transport goods over international borders is constantly on the increase, this causes more carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere, which, in turn, is the main cause of global warming. Even national environmental standards are ignored, this is a further cost factor in the worldwide international site-competition, which should be kept as low as possible to be attractive for a company. There are therefore many sides to globalization, which affect almost all aspects of life, causing me to think the chain of positive and negative effects will continue to grow further. What’s important is to realize that globalization itself is neither good nor bad: it just depends on how people deal with all the new possibilities in the future.


ATTACHMENT N.4

GLOBALIZATION EASILY EXPLAINED TRANSCRIPTION OF THE VIDEO Globalization is a widely discussed topic. It is therefore not all that easy explain such a complicated term in simple words. Let’s start from the beginning with the background to globalization. Advances in technology such as mobile phones, airplanes, telephones and the Internet have made the growth of transport and communication networks possible. Amongst other things this means that people and countries can exchange information and goods more quickly and in a less complicated way. This process is called globalization. Globalization comes from “globe” and means the coming together of countries and nations worldwide. Let’s look at an example. Companies used to manufacture products in their home countries, just like the companies Profi-TV and Supercolor, who produce televisions in country A. Their products are in direct competition with each other, but both companies pay the same salaries and production costs. They have the same customers, use similar suppliers and sell televisions at similar prices. In short the same conditions apply to both companies. So far so good. Due to technical, cultural and economic developments that have come about through globalization, other companies which manufactured products under different conditions, can now offer their products in country A too. That’s why a company from country B can sell televisions here at a lower price, because they were produced for less. The local firms Supercolor and Profi-TV have to react to withstand the competition and so the world grows closer together and there is an active exchange of goods between countries.

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More affordable products are available for more people. However, not only does an exchange of products and economic goods take place, but also of services, knowledge, cultural goods and even languages. All of these individual elements are closely linked and influence each other. But, where there is light there is also shadow. Because of globalization and this intense exchange of goods, people and the environment often suffer. If a company decides to move production to an economically disadvantaged country, people in industrialized countries lose their jobs. At the same time, job opportunities open up to many locals in the economically disadvantaged countries. Many people in these countries work for very little money in comparison to those in industrialized countries. Therefore they often remain poor and more often than not do not have sufficient insurance, social insurance or health insurance cover. A further disadvantage of globalization is ecological problems such as climate change. The use of airplanes, ships and lorries to transport goods over international borders is constantly on the increase, this causes more carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere, which, in turn, is the main cause of global warming. Even national environmental standards are ignored, this is a further cost factor in the worldwide international site-competition, which should be kept as low as possible to be attractive for a company. There are therefore many sides to globalization, which affect almost all aspects of life, causing me to think the chain of positive and negative effects will continue to grow further. What’s important is to realize that globalization itself is neither good nor bad: it just depends on how people deal with all the new possibilities in the future. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJ0nFD19eT8&index=2&list=PLILYOUaWI7TnmAm000TMaI2-MpVWUX-_

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ATTACHMENT N.4a

LINKING WORDS DESCRIBING consequences

causes

contrast 20

LINKING WORDS DESCRIBING consequences

causes

contrast

therefore that way as a result consequently as a consequence so

because due to because of owing to

but however although even though despite


ATTACHMENT N.4b Globalization is a widely discussed topic. It is therefore not all that easy to explain such a complicated term in simple words. Let’s start from the beginning with the background to globalization. Advances in technology such as mobile phones, airplanes, telephones and the Internet have made the growth of transport and communication networks possible. Amongst other things this means that people and countries can exchange information and goods more quickly and in a less complicated way. This process is called globalization. Globalization comes from “globe” and means the worldwide coming together of countries and nations. Let’s look at an example. Companies used to manufacture products in their home countries, just like the companies Profi-TV and Supercolor, who produce televisions in country A. Their products are in direct competition with each other, but both companies pay the same salaries and production costs. They have the same customers, use similar suppliers and sell televisions at similar prices. In short the same conditions apply to both companies. So far so good. Due to technical, cultural and economic developments that have come about through globalization, other companies which manufactured products under different conditions, can now offer their products in country A too. That’s why a company from country B can sell televisions here at a lower price, because they were produced for less. The local firms Supercolor and Profi-TV have to react to withstand the competition and so the world grows closer together and there is an active exchange of goods between countries. More affordable products are available for more people. However, not only does an exchange of products and economic goods take place, but also of services, knowledge, cultural goods and even languages. All of these individual elements are closely linked and influence each other. But, where there is light there is also shadow. Because of globalization and this intense exchange of goods, people and the environment often suffer. If a company decides to move production to an economically disadvantaged country, people in industrialized countries lose their jobs. At the same time, job opportunities open up to many locals in the economically disadvantaged countries. Many people in these countries work for very little money in comparison to those in industrialized countries. Therefore they often remain poor and more often than not do not have sufficient insurance, social insurance or health insurance cover. A further disadvantage of globalization is ecological problems such as climate change. The use of airplanes, ships and lorries to transport goods over international borders is constantly on the increase, this causes more carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere, which, in turn, is the main cause of global warming. Even national environmental standards are ignored, this is a further cost factor in the worldwide international site-competition, which should be kept as low as possible to be attractive for a company. There are therefore many sides to globalization, which affect almost all aspects of life, causing me to think the chain of positive and negative effects will continue to grow further. What’s important is to realize that globalization itself is neither good nor bad: it just depends on how people deal with all the new possibilities in the future.

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ATTACHMENT N.5

McDonaldization The process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of the world. 22

Consumer dopes People who are easily manipulated to spend their money. Consumption Consuming material and cultural goods and resources. Disseminate Transmit, spread. Dystopia A future characterized by disaster and negative events.

Hybridity New cultural forms resulting from a mixture of different cultural influences.


Laundered Process of transferring money gained illegally into respectable accounts. White-collar crime Crime committed by the middle and upper classes in the contest of corporate life. Brand Make or version of a product, as indicated by a trademark. Shadow economies Economic system that operate outside the formal, legal, state-regulated economic system. Texting To send a text message from a mobile phone.

Melting pot A container in which metals or other substances are heated until they fuse. Workforce The total number of people who can be employed.

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Transnational corporations A commercial enterprise that does business in more than one country and does not consider any particular country its national home. 24

Multinational corporations An organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in one or more countries other than their home country. Pollution The introduction of harmful substances or products into the envinronment. Warlord A rebel leader, opposed to a government, who controls large amounts of territory through the use of violence and fear. Bollywood The Indian film industry.


Ethnic cleansing The violent elimination or removal of people from a country or area, because of their ethnic backgrounds, by means of genocide or forced expulsion Coup The sudden violent overthrow of a government and seizure of political power, especially by the army Blood diamonds Diamonds that are mined illegally by rebel groups and sold on the black market to Western dealers Civil war Localized conflicts that normally involve rebel groups attempting to overthrow a government. Genocide The systematic killing of all the people from a national, ethnic or religious group, or an attempt to do this.

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ATTACHMENT N.6

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ATTACHMENT N.7 ANSWERS

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ATTACHMENT N.8

THE SNOWBALL DEFINITION GAME Activity tipe Number of students Funcion practiced Lexical area Grammar involved

Information exchange Minimum of 8 Learning vocabulary, practising fearless Any (in this case GLOBALIZATION) Present Simple, relative clauses

Setting up Copy enough of Game Sheet (attachment n.6) for every student to have one of the word cards on the sheet. If your class is not larger than 24, you’ll need only one copy. However, keep several spare cards yourself to prolong the activity if there are few students. Cut out the cards. Give one card to each student and make sure everyone understand his or her word and definition. Playing the game Step 1 The object of the game is for the students to teach each other their words. To do so, they walk around, find a partner, and take turns giving their definitions. If the partner doesn’t know the word being described, the student tells him or her, and vice-versa. Then the students exchange word cards and move on to a new partner with a new word. If there are only a few students in your class, let them replace their words with new word cards from you every so often to ensure that enough new vocabulary is learned. As a last step, ask your students to sit down and read out the definitions on their final slip. Now, with any luck, the whole class will be able to call out the corresponding word. Step 2 If you want to extend the activity, you can give your students a word-grid as a vocabulary revision activity Note: As a revision activity I usually use a crossword. Source: I learned this technique for teaching or revising vocabulary during a course in Exeter in IPC Center in 2012.

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ATTACHMENT N.9

HOW TO DESCRIBE A PICTURE DON’T:

DO 

Panic if you don’t know the words for all the things in the picture. You don’t need to know all the words for everything in the picture if you know what to say when you don't know an exact word.  Get distracted and start talking about something else. Focus on the photo or picture.  Panic if your mind goes blank. Take a deep breath, look at the picture and start again. 

Look at your picture carefully and take a few moments to think before you start talking.

Talk for all the time you are given. If you have one minute to do the task, use every second.  Practise the useful language below so you can explain which part of the picture you are talking about

HERE ARE SOME TOP TIPS FOR DESCRIBING A PHOTO OR A PICTURE What is in the picture?

Say what is happening using the present continuos. Where in the picture? If something isn’t clear.

In the picture I can see … There’s/ There are … There isn’t a …/There aren’t any … The man is …ing The people are … ing It’s raining At the top/bottom of the picture … In the middle of the picture… It looks like a … It might be a … He could be …ing Maybe it’s a … It seems as if … The lady seems to … I think … … might be a symbol of … The atmosphere is peaceful/depressing … I (don’t) like the picture because … It makes me think of …

http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/exams/speaking-exams/describephoto-or-picture

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ATTACHMENT N.10a USEFUL EXPRESSIONS TO EXPRESS YOUR OPINION In my opinion, ... In my eyes, In my opinion, ... In my eyes, ...

I am of the opinion that ... My impression is that ... I am under the impression that ... It is my

I hold the view that ... I would say that ... I hold the opinion that ... (I form / adopt an opinion.)

To my mind, ... As far as I am concerned, ... Speaking personally, ... From my point of view, ... As for me / As to me, ... My view / opinion / belief / impression / conviction is that ... It seems to me that ...

impression that ... I have the feeling that ... My own feeling on the subject is that ... I have no doubt that... I think / consider / find / feel / believe / suppose / presume / assume that ...

I dare say that ... I guess that ... I bet that .... I gather that ... It goes without saying that ‌ I am sure / I am certain that ...

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ATTACHMENT N.10b

USEFUL WORDS TO EXPRESS YOUR AGREEMENT I agree with you/him I share your view.

I have no objection I approve of it. I have come to the same

I am at one with him on that point. It is true.

I think so. I really think so. (The author / the narrator / the protagonist / etc.) is right He is quite right / absolutely right. He may be right.

conclusion I hold the same opinion. We are of one mind / of the same mind on that question

That is right. That's just it ! Fair enough ! Quite so ! Just so ! Yes of course !

USEFUL WORDS TO EXPRESS YOUR DISAGREEMENT I don't agree.

I don't agree with what you

This argument does not hold

I disagree. I don't think so. You are / he is wrong. I think otherwise. I don't think that's quite right. I don't agree with you/him.

say. I am afraid that is not quite true. I take a different view. I don't share his/her/your view.

water. Not at all ! Nonsense ! Rubbish ! He's off his head !

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Globalization