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2012 mv‡j IqvwksU‡b †jL‡Ki evwo‡Z evg w`K †_‡K KvBqyg †PŠayix, wkíx Zv‡niv †PŠayix, KvBqyg †PŠayixi k¨vwjKv †Rey‡bœmv ingvb I ˆmq` wRqvDi ingvb

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2008 mv‡j KvBqyg `¤úwZ IqvwksU‡b K¨vwcUj fe‡bi mvg‡b

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IqvwksU‡b evsjv‡`k mwgwZ GKwU AvbyôvwbK msea©bvq m¤§vwbZ K‡i‡Q Zuv‡K| Gme wb‡q KvBqyg fvB‡qi GKwU wek` mvÿvrKvi cÖPvi K‡iwQ f‡qm Ae Av‡gwiKvi Abyôv‡b| KvBqyg fvB c‡i IqvwksUb †_‡K †cbwmjfvwbqv iv‡R¨i HwZnvwmK wdjv‡Wjwdqv kn‡i †M‡Qb Av‡gwiKvi ¯^vaxbZvi Abb¨ me wb`k©b †`L‡Z| †mLv‡b we‡kl Drmvn wb‡q †`‡L‡Qb wekvj ÔwjevwU© †ejÕ Ñ ¯^vaxbZvi NÈv, Avi BbwW‡cb‡WÝ nj| GB BbwW‡cb‡WÝ n‡j RR© IqvwksU‡bi †bZ…‡Z¡ M„nxZ n‡q‡Q Av‡gwiKvi ¯^vaxbZvi †NvlYvcÎ Ges c‡i Av‡gwiKvi msweavb| KvBqyg fvB wØZxqevi m¯¿xK Av‡gwiKvq Av‡mb 2008 mv‡j Ñ evsjv‡`‡ki †ek K‡qKRb wkíxi m‡½ KvbvWvi Ui‡›Uv Avi Av‡gwiKvi wbDBqK© kn‡i Zuv‡`i wPÎcÖ`k©bx Dcj‡ÿ| cÖ`k©bx †kl K‡i KvBqyg `¤úwZ Av‡mb IqvwksU‡b| †m mgq Zuviv Avgv‡`i m‡½ wQ‡jb gvmLv‡bK| IqvwksUb †_‡K c‡i Zuviv wM‡qwQ‡jb cwðg DcK‚‡j K¨vwj‡dvwb©qv iv‡R¨i mvb d«vwÝm‡Kv kn‡i KvBqyg fvB‡qi eo fvB‡qi †Q‡j mvC‡`i m‡½ wKQy mgq KvUv‡Z| mvb d«vwÝm‡Kv Zuvi Lye fv‡jv †j‡MwQj| GQvov Zuviv jm A¨v‡Ä‡j‡mI wM‡qwQ‡jb| c‡i KvBqyg `¤úwZ †cbwmjfvwbqvi wcUmev‡M© wM‡qwQ‡jb Zuv‡`i †Q‡ji Kv‡Q| †Q‡j Rv‡ei ZLb wcGBPwW KiwQj †mLv‡b| KvBqyg fvB Avi †LvKb Avcv (KvBqygcZœx wkíx Zv‡niv †PŠayix) Z…Zxqevi Av‡mb IqvwksU‡b 2012 mv‡j| ZL‡bv Zuviv G‡mwQ‡jb evsjv‡`‡ki wewkó wkíx‡`i wPÎcÖ`k©bx Dcj‡ÿ| Zuv‡`i wb‡q G‡mwQ‡jb †e½j dvD‡Ûk‡bi cwiPvjK wkíx myexi †PŠayix| Avi m‡½ wQ‡jb KvBqyg fvB‡qi †Q‡j Rv‡e‡ii k¦ïi-kvïwo mvsevw`K-Kwe Aveyj †gv‡gb I msMxZwkíx kxjv †gv‡gb| IqvwksU‡b Avgv‡`i evwo‡Z ZLb GB cuvPRb AwZw_ wb‡q Avb›`gyLi RgRgvU mgq! gvSLv‡b myexi †PŠayix Avi KvBqyg fvB‡K wb‡q wM‡qwQjvg IqvwksU‡bi DcK‡É †gwij¨vÛ iv‡R¨i iKwf‡j Avgv‡`i evwoi Kv‡Qi cÖL¨vZ wkíKjv feb ÷ª¨v_‡gvi nvD‡m| Av‡gwiKvb A‡civ I D”Pv½ msMxZvbyôvb Ges wPÎcÖ`k©bxi Rb¨ GB ¯’vb mycwiwPZ| myexi †P‡qwQ‡jb c‡ii eQi GLv‡b evsjv‡`wk wkíx‡`i GKwU cÖ`k©bx Abyôv‡bi| G wb‡q Avgiv †mLvbKvi Kg©KZ©v‡`i m‡½ K_vI e‡jwQ| wKš‘ Zv Avi m¤¢e n‡jv bv A`„‡ói Kvi‡Y| c‡ii eQi Avwg XvKvq wM‡qwQjvg †eov‡Z| IqvwksU‡bi D‡Ï‡k XvKv †Q‡o Avmvi Av‡Mi w`b myexi Avi mvwnZ¨ cwÎKv Kvwj I Kjg m¤úv`K Aveyj nvmbvZ KvBqyg fvB Avi Avgv‡K Avc¨vqb K‡iwQ‡jb XvKv K¬v‡e ˆbk‡fv‡R| †m mgq myexi‡K e‡jwQjvg Ñ ÔAvm‡Qb †Zv AvMvgx eQi IqvwksU‡b wPÎcÖ`k©bx Ki‡Z?Õ myexi wKQy ejvi Av‡M Zuvi cÿ †_‡K KvBqyg fvB †Rvi w`‡q e‡jwQ‡jb Ñ Ômyexi †Zv hv‡eB, AvwgI hve|Õ weavZvi Kx weavb Ñ IB eQiB myexi P‡j †M‡jb Ges Zvi c‡i c‡iB 30 b‡f¤^i P‡j †M‡jb KvBqyg fvBI bv-†divi †`‡k! KvBqyg fvB‡K wb‡q nvwm-Avb›`, myL-`ytL, welv`-†e`bvi Gme ¯§„wZ wPi fv¯^i Avgv‡`i, Zuvi cwievi-cwiR‡bi ü`‡q| cÖwZwbqZB| †Kej Zuvi cÖqvY w`e‡m bq| n

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G‡Kev‡i †kl cvZvq i‡q‡Q, j¨vK‡UvK¨v‡jvgvB‡bi weÁvcb| cv jvBb wn‡m‡e ejv n‡q‡Q, Ôa‡i iv‡L my›`i `xwßgq iƒc, w`‡bi ci w`b, eQ‡ii ci eQiÕ| GB evK¨wUi g‡a¨ GKwU Am¤¢e †m·yqvj AvKl©Y i‡q‡Q| †hŠeb I iƒc a‡i ivLvi g‡a¨ GKUv Am¤¢e †jvf I jvjmvi c„w_ex jywK‡q Av‡Q| weÁvc‡bi GB †jvfwU †_‡K gyw³ cvIqvI †Zv mnR wQj bv mvaviY fviZxq bvix‡`i c‡¶| gnvfvi‡Zi cvZvq Avgv‡`i †Pbv ivRv hhvwZi Mí Av‡Q; †h Zvi †hŠeb A¶Z ivL‡Z wb‡Ri wcÖq cy·`iI †Q‡o K_v e‡jwb| 1992 mv‡ji b‡f¤^i gv‡m cÖKvwkZ GKwU Avb›`‡gjvi 44 b¤^i cvZvq i‡q‡Q GwfUv mvev‡bi weÁvcb| weÁvc‡b g‡Wj wn‡m‡e i‡q‡Qb wjRv ivB| wjRv cÖvq eyK‡Lvjv GKwU mv`v Rvgv c‡i Av‡Qb weÁvcbwU‡Z| wjRvi AvKl©Yxq †PvL, †Kvgj Z¡K Avi D¾¡j †VuvU †`‡L cvMj n‡Z cv‡i †h-†Kv‡bv cyiæl| Ggb AvKl©Yxq bvix n‡Z PvB‡e bv †Kvb fviZxq Kb¨v? cv jvBb wn‡m‡e ejv n‡qwQj Ñ ÔAv`ª©Zv †`q, cywó †`q, †Kvgj evbvqÕ| GB cwÎKviB 13 b¤^i cvZvq i‡q‡Q jvBgjvBU mvev‡bi weÁvcb| GKwU AwZ my›`i †g‡q‡K g‡Wj wn‡m‡e e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q weÁvc‡b| Avi cv jvB‡b ¯úó K‡i ejv n‡q‡Q, ÔAvR‡Ki ZviKv, AvR‡Ki mvevbÕ| Ggb mvevb RbwcÖqZv bv †c‡q hv‡e †Kv_vq Ñ †h mvevb gvL‡j ZviKv ˆZwi nq! Avm‡j GB mgqUv wQj Avgv‡`i bvix‡Kw›`ªK ˆbwZKZv cwieZ©‡bi mgq| d¨vkb BÛvw÷ª GB cwieZ©‡b cÖavb f‚wgKv MÖnY K‡iwQj| 1989 mv‡ji A‡±vei gv‡m AvRKvj cÖKvkbv †_‡K cÖKvwkZ nq †Uwjwfkb cwÎKv| GB msL¨vwUi cÖ”Q`-Kvwnwb wQj †`ªŠc`xi A›`ignj| 1988 mv‡ji 2 A‡±vei cÖ_g `~i`k©‡b gnvfviZ wmwiqvjwU ïiæ nq| Avi Gi †`ªŠc`x Pwi‡Î iƒcv Mv½yjxi Awfbq mevi gb †K‡o †bq| wKš‘ †`ªŠc`xB wK iƒcv Mv½yjxi GKgvÎ cwiPq? mviv¶Y GB kvwo c‡iB wK KvwU‡q w`‡Z n‡e Zuv‡K? Av`k© wn›`y igYx n‡q _vKvUvB wK Zuvi GKgvÎ fweZe¨? bv, G‡Kev‡iB Zv bq| †Uwjwfk‡bi GB cÖ”Q`-KvwnwbwU †evanq †mB wg_‡K †f‡O †dj‡ZB †jLv n‡qwQj| Gevi †evanq mgq G‡mwQj mviv fviZ‡K Rvbv‡bvi †h, gnvfvi‡Zi GKUv Gwc‡mv‡Wi ïwUs‡qi c‡iB iƒcv‡K QyU‡Z nq, Rv‡f` Rvdwii †eªKW¨v‡Ýi cvU©bvi n‡Z| i¶YkxjZv I AvaywbKZvi GKUv Amvgvb¨ †gjeÜb †`Lv †M‡Q iƒcv Mv½yjxi g‡a¨| myg`ªZ‡U UvBU wRÝ I Rvgv Ges †Pv‡L mvbMøvm c‡i GKwU AZ¨šÍ nU d‡UvïU K‡ib iƒcv| Avi †mBme Qwe cÖKvwkZ nq †Uwjwfkb cwÎKvwUi cvZvq| †Uwjwfk‡bi GB cÖ”Q`-Kvwnwb Rvbvb w`w”Qj RbiæwP cwieZ©‡bi mgq G‡m‡Q Gevi| Av‡iv ¯úó K‡i ej‡j d¨vkb BÛvw÷ª wbqš¿Y KiwQj GB RbiæwP‡K| wbg©vY KiwQj GB RbiæwPi fwel¨r|

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Avm‡j GKw`‡K weÁv‡bi nvZ a‡i m¨v‡UjvBU †Uwjwfk‡bi Avwe®‹vi NUj, Ab¨w`‡K †mB m¨v‡UjvBU †Uwjwfk‡bi GKUv weivU fviZxq evRvi ˆZwi K‡i evwYR¨ ms¯’v¸‡jv| GB m¨v‡UjvBU †Uwjwfk‡bi nvZ a‡i kPxb †MvUv †`kevmxi GKwU cÖavb Av‡eM n‡q I‡Vb| GB Awã evwYwR¨K ms¯’v¸‡jvi †MŠY AvwacZ¨ev`‡K Zey nq‡Zv †g‡b wb‡Z cv‡ib kÖ‡×q cvVK| wKš‘ Gici hw` ewj GB evwYwR¨K ms¯’v¸‡jv Avgv‡`i †`kxq Av‡e‡Mi, †`k bvgK Kb‡mÞwU‡K Qy‡o †d‡j w`‡q †mB RvqMvq cÖwZ¯’vcb K‡i wbR¯^ eª¨vÛ †bg¸‡jv‡K, Zvn‡j Kx ej‡eb Avcwb? Avmyb, †`k‡K Aejyß K‡i GKwU evwYwR¨K eª¨vÛ †bg M‡o †Zvjvi Mí †kvbvB Avcbv‡`i| 1995 mv‡ji 1 RyjvB cÖKvwkZ †`k cwÎKvq iƒcK mvnv Ô†Ljvq evwYR¨Õ bv‡g GKwU cÖ”Q` wbeÜ †j‡Lb| GB wbe‡Ü iƒcK K‡qK eQi Av‡M N‡U hvIqv ev‡m©‡jvbv Awjw¤ú‡Ki Mí †kvbvb| ev‡m©‡jvbv Awjw¤úK †kl n‡q hvIqvi c‡ii w`b jÛ‡bi GKUv KvMR GK A™¢zZ cwimsL¨vb w`‡qwQj| Zviv GKUv c`K ZvwjKv w`‡qwQj, hv‡Z †Kv‡bv †`‡ki bvg wQj bv| wQj wewfbœ evwYwR¨K cÖwZôv‡bi bvg| wieK, cygv, A¨vwWWvm cÖf…wZ| G‡`i A¨v_wjUiv †gvU KZ c`K wR‡Z‡Q, Zvi wnmve w`‡q Le‡ii KvMRwU gšÍe¨ K‡iwQj Ñ fwel¨‡Z Ggb GKUv w`b Avm‡Q, hLb Awjw¤úqvbiv †Kvb †`k‡K cÖwZwbwaZ¡ Ki‡Qb †mUv †gv‡UB ¸iæZ¡ †`Iqv n‡e bv| wZwb †Kvb evwYwR¨K ms¯’vi cÖwZwbwa †mUvB gyL¨ n‡q `uvov‡e| c`K ZvwjKvq †`‡ki bvg †Zvjvi Avi `iKviB n‡e bv| Awjw¤úK Avi GLb †_‡K Av‡gwiKv, ivwkqv, Pxb, Rvg©vwbi jovB bq; c`K `L‡ji hy× †`Lv hv‡e eûRvwZK ms¯’v bvB‡K, wieK, wgRy‡bv, A¨vwWWvm ev cygvi g‡a¨| we‡`‡k ûRy‡M †jv‡KiI Afve †bB| GB cÖeÜwUi cvkvcvwk IB Le‡ii KvMRwU‡Z Av‡gwiKvi cÖv³b ivbvi Rb Kv‡j©v‡mi GKwU mv¶vrKvi Qvcv n‡qwQj| R‡bi e³e¨ wQj Ñ Awjw¤ú‡K †KD †mvbv †c‡j †Kb Zvi †`‡ki cZvKv †Zvjv n‡”Q? A_ev †kvbv‡bv n‡”Q Zvi †`‡ki RvZxq msMxZ? †`‡ki bvgwU †Rvov _vK‡jB nvbvnvwb n‡Z eva¨| †`‡ki m‡½ m‡½ †`‡ki ivRbxwZ, ag©, fvlvI P‡j Avm‡Q| d‡j Awjw¤úK †Mgm Kjylgy³ n‡Z cvi‡Q bv| ZvB Gi e`‡j Awjw¤ú‡Ki me cÖwZ‡hvMx wPwýZ †nvK ïay Zvi ¯úÝi gvidZ| †m †Kvb †`k †_‡K G‡m‡Q fz‡j wM‡q c`‡Ki Rb¨ jo–K| Avm‡j c`K †RZv ev nvivi ciB ˆZwi nq Avmj †Ljv| ¯úÝi aivi †Ljv| weÁvc‡b g‡Wj nIqvi †Ljv| gv_v aivi U¨ve‡jU †_‡K ïiæ K‡i mdU wWªsKm, dv÷dzW Avi Mvwo †Kv¤úvwb¸‡jv Suvwc‡q c‡o c`KRqx A¨v_wjU‡`i aivi Rb¨| wKš‘ G †Zv †Mj weÁvb Avi evwY‡R¨i K_v| Avi IB †h G‡Kev‡i †Mvov‡Z

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wPÎwk‡íI Abe`¨ gybwkqvbv †`wL‡q‡Qb e¨wZµgxiƒ‡c| wZwb †evanq wPÎwkíx‡`i g‡a¨ cÖ_g I †kl m„wókxj mªóv whwb ïay dzj wb‡q wPÎKg© K‡i †M‡Qb, hv Lye cÖwYavb‡hvM¨| †Zjis I A¨vwµwj‡K Kiv dz‡ji bvbv AvKvi, †kvfv, †mŠ›`h© hv cÖK…wZ‡Z FZz Abyhvqx wewfbœ AvKl©Yxq eY© I web¨v‡m cÖùzwUZ †mm‡ei ev¯ÍegyLx iƒc wb‡q wPÎcU mvwR‡qwQ‡jb Ges Zv w`‡q 1991 mv‡j GKwU GKK dz‡jj wPÎcÖ`k©bx K‡iwQ‡jb, hvi ïaygvÎ welq dzj wb‡q GiKg Av‡qvRb †evaKwi cÖ_g wkí NUbv| fv¯‹i Av‡bvqvi Rvnvb wQ‡jb PviæKjv Bbw÷wUD‡Ui cÖ_g fv¯‹h© wefv‡Mi QvÎ| Zuvi ˆbcyY¨ `viæwk‡íi g‡a¨ my›`iZvq †`Lv †M‡jI g„r I avZewk‡íI D‡jøL¨| Avw`g GK cÖKvi mijZv †`kxq HwZ‡n¨i iƒ‡c cÖwZfvZ Zuvi m„óK‡g©| †mB mg‡q g~wZ© Mov wbwl× Ñ GB agx©q wewa‡Z wZwb Zuvi fv¯‹h© wb‡q †ek bv‡Rnvj n‡qwQ‡jb| †gŠjev`x †Mvôx Zuvi m„ó GKRb ek©v-†Qvov †L‡jvqv‡oi fv¯‹h© †÷wWqv‡gi Kv‡Q wR‡iv c‡q‡›U moKØx‡c †ek eomo †`L‡Z Zv ewm‡qwQ‡jb †hwU †mbvevwnbxi mvnv‡h¨ iv‡Zi g‡a¨ mwi‡q A`„k¨ Ki‡Z mg_© nq| fv¯‹h©wkí‡K GZ fq G‡`i, gbMov GK evZv‡m-wg‡k-_vKv fqvbK wkív¯¿ hvi †Kv‡bv Kvh©KviY †bB agx©q †Muvovwg Qvov, GUvB wk‡íi µ‡gvbœwZi evav, AevK KvÐ! Aciv‡Rq evsjv m„wó Ki‡ZI Lvwj`‡K Kg evav-wecwËi m¤§yLxb n‡Z nqwb| 1972-73 mv‡j WvKmy-XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq QvÎ msMV‡bi D‡`¨v‡M Lvwj`‡K gyw³hy× ¯§i‡Y ¯§viK fv¯‹h© m„wó Ki‡Z ejv nq| 1974 mv‡j KvR ïiæ nq wKš‘ e½eÜz nZ¨vi ci KvR †_‡g hvq| 1975 mv‡ji ci †_‡K 1979 ch©šÍ GiKg P‡j, ZLb ag©vÜiv GUv‡K aŸsm Kivi †Póv K‡i wKš‘ wek¦we`¨vj‡qi m‡PZb cÖMwZkxj Qv·`i Øviv Zv m¤¢e nqwb| ZLb Qv·bZv gyRvwn`yj Bmjvg †mwjg, gvneye Rvgvb, g. nvwg` Zuviv AMÖYx f‚wgKvq wQ‡jb Ges fv¯‹h© m„wói †mB BwZnv‡m ¯§iYxq iB‡eb| Gici 1979 mv‡j Avevi fv¯‹‡h©i KvR Avi¤¢ nq Ges GB eQ‡ii 16 wW‡m¤^‡i GKRb hy×vnZ gyw³‡hv×v Øviv D‡ØvwaZ nq| ZLbKvi Qv·bZv gvngy`yi ingvb gvbœv, AvLZviæ¾vgvb, Avjx wiqvR, nvmvb nvwdR Ñ Zuviv fxlY mwµq wQ‡jb| Zuviv Aciv‡Rq evsjv †h bvgwU mvsevw`K mv‡jn †PŠayixi †`Iqv, mevB GB BwZnv‡mi m‡½ RwoZ| GB m‡½ huviv fv¯‹h©wUi g‡Wj n‡qwQ‡jb Ñ e`iæj Avjg †eby, nvwg` gbmyi (dR‡j) Ges †mweKviƒ‡c nvwmbv Avn‡g` Ñ Gu‡`i bvg g‡b Rv‡M| Av‡jvKwPÎx wgïK gybxi whwb Lvwj‡`i Ici Qwe-A¨vjevg ˆZwi K‡iwQ‡jb, wZwbmn bvg Ki‡Z nq cÖ‡KŠkjx †kL gyn¤§` knx`yjøvni whwb Aciv‡Rq evsjv fv¯‹h©wU wZb Bw cici Avbyf‚wgK †Q`‡b KswµU XvjvB‡qi cÖwµqv D™¢veb K‡i Zv Djø¤^Zvq m„wó Ki‡Z Lvwj`‡K AKzÉfv‡e mvnvh¨ K‡ib, hv B‡Zvc~‡e© hš¿vbyl½ e¨wZ‡i‡K Ggb Kómva¨ cÖ‡Póv


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¯§iY Kwi| P‡j hvIqvi wKQy Av‡M Zuvi m`¨ weevwnZ Kg©ÿg cyÎmšÍvb‡K nVvr nvwi‡q wZwb Lye wbðzc n‡q wM‡qwQ‡jb| g‡b c‡o Gm Gg myjZvb, †jLK gvngy`yj nK (eUz fvB), Pjw”PÎ Av‡›`vj‡bi gyn¤§` Lmiæ, iwdK AvRv`, m¤úv`K Aveyj nvmbv‡Zi m‡½ Zuvi Mfxi m‡L¨i K_v| †k‡li w`‡K ¯úó e³v, fwYZvnxb, †KŠZzKwcÖq I mij-mnR g‡bi Zzgyj AvÇvwcÖq Lvwj`, ¯’cwZ Ave`yi ikx`, ¯’cwZ-wkÿK mvgmyj Iqv‡im, fv¯‹i gywReyi ingvb, mvsevw`K ZwKi, ¯’cwZ e`iæj, †iRv, wRqv, gvneyeyj nK Ñ mevi m‡½ e`iæj-wRqvi Kvh©vj‡q wKsev Iqv‡i‡mi evmvq wbqwgZ em‡Zb I bvbv wel‡q Av‡jvPbv-cvbvnv‡ii g‡a¨ PzcPvc wbtk‡ã e‡m _vK‡Zb Ges mevi K_v WvMi `ywU †PvL †g‡j ïb‡Zb, Zvici nVvr mgqg‡Zv D‡V mevi Av‡M P‡j †h‡Zb †hgb K‡i wZwb mwZ¨ mwZ¨B †Q‡o †M‡jb| Zuvi Abycw¯’wZ Avgv‡`i mK‡ji Dcw¯’wZ‡Z memgq †R‡M iB‡e| Zuvi Abw¯Í‡Z¡i Ici Acvi †mŠ›`h©aviv AweiZ ewl©Z †nvK| n m~Î 1. G wnw÷ª Ae AvwK©‡UKPvi, m¨vi e¨vwb÷vi †d¬Pvi, Rb gvm‡MÖvf m¤úvw`Z DwbkZg ms¯‹iY| 2. w` G‡fvwjDkb Ae gWvb© ¯‹víPvi, Uª¨vwWkb A¨vÛ GWz‡Kkb, G Gg nv¤§v‡Pi| 3. evsjv‡`k GwkqvwUK †mvmvBwUi evsjv‡`k mvs¯‹…wZK mgxÿvgvjv-8, Pviæ I KviæKjv Aa¨vq| 4. w` wbD eyK Ae b‡j‡Ri w` wnw÷ª Ae ¯‹víPvi, Gwjbi WR evU©b| 5. AšÍR©v‡j cÖvß iPbv I wewfbœ cÎ-cwÎKv|


kÖ×v : jyB Kvb †evinvbDwÏb Lvb Rvnv½xi

wk

ixb kviwgb †PŠayix, Avcwb wK Rv‡bb evsjv‡`‡ki GK Avðh© feb GLb Avcbvi nv‡Z? GB febwU m„wó K‡i‡Qb jyB Kvb cvwK¯Ív‡bi Jcwb‡ewkK Avg‡j, wKš‘ wZwb febwU Amgvß †i‡L cicv‡i P‡j †M‡Qb| Amgvß febwU cvwK¯Ívwb cÖfz‡`i weiæ‡× GKRb ¯’cwZi P¨v‡jÄ, Ab¨w`‡K GB P¨v‡jÄ Avgv‡`i Ici Zuvi KvR mgvß Kivi `vwq‡Z¡i wb‡`©kbv| cvwK¯Ívwb cÖfziv ¯’cwZi P¨v‡jÄ D‡cÿv K‡i‡Qb, Avi Avgiv, ¯^vaxb bvMwiKiv, `vwqZ¡ cvjb Kwiwb| Zey GB feb, msm` feb, me AeÁv D‡cÿv K‡i, evsjv‡`‡ki w`‡K ZvwK‡q Av‡Q| KviY

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`k©b| GKUv m‡Z¨i w`‡K wZwb hvÎv K‡i‡Qb, GKUv me©Rbxb mZ¨ wZwb ai‡Z †c‡i‡Qb| wZwb ¯’vc‡Z¨ memgq GKUv A_© Lyu‡R †ewo‡q‡Qb : GKUv †`qvj, GKUv Qv`, GKUv `iRvi A_©, wKsev †hfv‡e Av‡jvK ˆZwi K‡i KvVv‡gvi †fZi KvVv‡gv, wKsev febUv Kx n‡Z Pvq Zvi inm¨| wZwb Lyu‡R‡Qb †gŠj Reve, wkí I gvbweKZvi nvZ a‡i| wZwb †Póv K‡i‡Qb ¯’vc‡Z¨i c~Y© D™¢veb : fe‡bi ev¯ÍeZvi ïiæ I †kl| wZwb memgq †gwUwiqvj‡K cÖkœ K‡i‡Qb : Kx n‡Z PvI †Zvgiv? Avn‡g`vev` I XvKvq wZwb Reve †c‡q‡Qb : Avgiv B‡Ui AvP© PvB| cÖkœUvi wZwb Reve †c‡q‡Qb B‡Ui Av‡P© Kswµ‡Ui AwaKZi mv‡cvU© PvB, Avi PvB Awÿ‡Mvj‡Ki g‡Zv Rvbvjv| GB Rvbvjvi m‡e©vËg e¨envi K‡i‡Qb XvKvi KvRwU‡Z| Awÿ‡Mvj‡Ki †fZi w`‡q evsjv‡`k‡K wZwb †`‡L‡Qb, D™¢veb K‡i‡Qb evsjv‡`‡ki KweZv I `k©b, jovB K‡i‡Qb K‡jvwbqvj BwZnvm I `k©‡bi weiæ‡×| †h-÷vBj wZwb Lyu‡R †c‡q‡Qb, †m-÷vBj wZwb †c‡q‡Qb eû A‡š^l‡Yi ci| ÷vBjwU AZxZ I eZ©gvb †_‡K ˆZwi Kiv| GB mgš^q GKUv weij gyn~Z© hLb AvaywbKZv nvZ a‡i _v‡K BwZnv‡mi| ÷vBwjw÷K mgš^‡qi g‡a¨ Av‡Q Am¤¢e kw³| GB kw³ †_‡K DwÌZ n‡q‡Q AvaywbKZv Ges ¯’vc‡Z¨i wecøe| wZwb Zuvi mg‡qi m‡½ Zvj wgwj‡q †nu‡U‡Qb Ges mg‡qi cicv‡i †cuŠ‡Q‡Qb| GKRb e¨w³i cwikxwjZ mvnm G‡ÿ‡ÎB| AvaywbK Av‡›`vj‡bi cðvrcU †_‡K wZwb AvMvgxi w`‡K ZvwK‡q‡Qb| wZwb hLb B‡Ui †`qvj I Av‡P©i w`‡K wd‡i ZvKvb, †m‡ÿ‡Î hy³ K‡ib wZwb wiGb‡dvm©W KswµU, nvZ a‡ib B›Uvib¨vkbvj ÷vB‡ji| wZwb Gfv‡e e¨vL¨v K‡ib †j Kz‡e©‡K Ges cv‡_©bb‡K, evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi cwim‡i| Zuvi feb¸‡jv k³ mg_© Ges jveY¨gq, Zv‡`i Dcw¯’wZ bqbKvov| feb¸‡jv Zuvi hy‡Mi Ges GKB m‡½ me©hy‡Mi| Zuvi †kl KvRwU‡Z, msm` fe‡bi KvRwU‡Z Av‡Q wcÖwgwUf GK †mŠ›`h©, cÖZviK GK mijZv, AcÖwZ‡iva¨ GK cwikxjZv| jyB Kvb, GB A‡_© GKRb AvwK©‡U± †Kej bb, wZwb BwZnvmwe`, wZwb ms¯‹…wZi D™¢veK| mvaviY gvby‡li †eu‡P _vKvi mvnm‡K K‡jvwbqvjKv‡j wZwb a‡i †i‡L‡Qb| wZwb fe‡b Lyu‡R‡Qb dg© Ges k„•Ljv; GB dg© Ges k„•Ljv †_‡K wZwb Lyu‡R evi K‡i‡Qb †`k m¤ú‡K©, mgvR m¤ú‡K© wewfbœ Z_¨| hw` †KD, †Kv‡bv e¨w³, GKRb evOvwj †PvL cÖMvp K‡i †`‡L, Zvn‡j †`L‡Z cv‡e ARmª Rjvavi Ges Rjvavi¸‡jv‡K wN‡i Av‡Q ïK‡bv weivb Rwg, w`MšÍ‡Quvqv cvwb I ïK‡bv Rwgi †XD, Zvi g‡a¨ emevm Ki‡Q mvaviY gvbyl| †mB mvgvwRK cÖ‡qvRb‡K, jyB Kvb †gwUwiqvj I KvVv‡gv‡K GKwU gvbweK mg‡MÖ iƒcvšÍwiZ K‡i‡Qb| GB n‡”Q ev¯ÍeZv, †h-ev¯ÍeZv‡K wZwb Z`šÍ K‡i‡Qb weivb Rwg, ïK‡bv Rwg, AmsL¨ b`x I gvby‡li


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B›Uvimve‡Rw±wfwU : †`Lv Ñ GB wµqvc`wU †_‡KB hvÎv K‡i Pjw”PÎ| †h †`‡L Ges hv‡K †`Lv nq Pjw”P‡Î, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ P‡j GB wØgyLx †jb‡`b Ñ `k©K Ges `k©bxq wn‡m‡e Ñ G‡K Ac‡ii m‡½ ¯’vb e`j K‡i A_ev G‡K Ac‡ii Øviv cÖwZ¯’vwcZ n‡q Ñ GB n‡”Q Pjw”P‡Î AvšÍtwelqxMZZvi cÖv_wgK cÖ¯Ívebv| G K_v †evSv mnR †h, Pjw”P‡Îi †h †`k-mgq `k©‡Ki mvg‡b Dc¯’vwcZ nq Zv Zvi Pwi·`i AvšÍtwelqxMZZvi AšÍM©Z| Avevi Pjw”P‡Îi Pwi·`i m‡½, Zvi mgqKv‡j, `k©K‡`i cÖvqB GKwU †evSvcov ev †jb‡`‡bi m¤úK© Pjgvb _v‡K| welqwU `yBfv‡e KvR K‡i| GKw`‡K `k©K wn‡m‡e †Kej Pjw”PÎ-`k©KB †`‡L bv, eis GiKg GKwU †eva Zvi g‡a¨ cÖwZwôZ nq †h, Pjw”P‡Îi PwiÎivI Zv‡K †`L‡Q| Avevi Dj‡Uvw`‡K GKRb wbw®Œq fqvwi÷ †_‡K mwµq PwiÎ n‡q I‡V `k©K| Pjw”P‡Îi PwiÎiv `k©‡Ki m‡½ msjvc cÖ¯Íve K‡i, Zvi Dcw¯’wZ‡K P¨v‡jÄ K‡i, Zvi wek¦vm ev ivRbxwZ‡K cÖkwœ e× K‡i| `k©K RwoZ nq, wW‡dÝ M‡o †Zv‡j, msÿzä nq, cvjUv cÖkœ K‡i| Gfv‡e Pjw”PÎ Ges `k©‡Ki †¯úm GK e„nËi B›Uvimve‡Rw±f ej‡q cÖ‡ek K‡i| M‡elKiv ej‡Qb, ÔCinema is not some kind of objectified external universe cut off from the spectator by an impassable barrier that separates the corporeal from the intellectual, or private self from the public space. The intersubjective perspective in film theory maintains that in contemporary cinema the traditional, dialectical poles of inside and outside, subject and object, seeing and being seen no longer seems to be valid. The status of the subject and the object of the look are interchangable : we are surrounded by images that look back at us, aggressively, seductively, provocatively, indifferently. (Zvinv †jBb 2007:10)Õ|

Avgvi g‡b n‡q‡Q, evsjv‡`‡ki mv¤úªwZK cÖvgvY¨wP‡Î B›Uvimve‡Rw±wfwU ev AvšÍtwelqxMZZvi Dcw¯’wZ we‡klfv‡e jÿYxq| Ab¨Zg cÖavb cÖvgvY¨wPÎ wbg©vZv gvbRv‡invmxb gyiv` Zuvi Qwe‡Z `k©K‡K †mwieª¨vwj hy³ K‡ib Ges `k©K GKai‡bi gvbwmK †jb‡`‡bi Avewk¨K cÖwµqvq Rwo‡q c‡ob| Avevi Zuvi cÖvgvY¨ Qwei PwiÎiv Ges Aa¨vq¸‡jv Zv‡`i wbR¯^ welqxMZZv wewbg‡qi GKwU cwigÐj M‡o †Zv‡j Pjw”P‡Îi wØgvwÎKZvi g‡a¨B|

beŸB‡qi `k‡K Zuvi wbwg©Z †iv‡Kqv Ges Avgv‡`i †Q‡jiv cÖvgvY¨wP‡Î AvšÍtwelqxMZZvi kw³gvb D`vniY n‡q Av‡Q| Zuvi mv¤úªwZK Qwe GL‡bv GKvËi `k©‡Ki wbw®ŒqZvi cÖwZ‡iva‡K †f‡O †d‡j bvbv w`K †_‡K| `ywU wfbœ digvwjwUi µgvMZ e¨envi, mgqMZ gšÍvR Ges b¨v‡iwU‡fi fvOb `k©K‡K Dcjwä K‡i †h, Pjw”PÎwU Zv‡K †`L‡Q Ges cÖkœ Ki‡Q A_ev RwoZ Ki‡Z PvB‡Q| Z‡e hv †KŠZ‚n‡jvÏxcK Zv n‡jv GB Pjw”P‡Îi g‡a¨ GKai‡bi KvwnwbwPÎmyjf Mí web¨v‡mi fw½| kvnev‡M m~‡h©v`‡qi Av‡MB hy×vcivax Kv‡`i †gvjøvi duvwm n‡q hvIqvi †Uwjwfkb dz‡UR †`wL Avgiv| †Rj †M‡Ui †mB dz‡UR †kl nq kvnev‡Mi †møvMv‡bi k‡ãi m‡½ wg· K‡i| Kv‡`i †gvjøvi GKwU wekvj w¯’iwPÎ is nvwi‡q †gv‡bv‡µvg n‡q hvq| `„k¨ †dW AvDU nq...†møvMvb Pj‡Z _v‡K| Gici kvnev‡M m~‡h©v`q Ges Kv‡`i †gvjøvmn Ab¨vb¨ hy×vcivaxi kvw¯Íi `vwe‡Z Av‡›`vj‡bi cÖvgvY¨KiY ïiæ nq| Gfv‡e kvnev‡Mi cÖv_wgK D‡ËRKwUi wbivKiY K‡i mij b¨v‡iwUf fvOvi †h wPÎbvU¨-Xs †mwU‡K e¨envi K‡ib gvbRv‡invmxb gyiv`| Avevi Ab¨w`‡K GwUI †hb cÖwZwôZ nq †h, GB Qwe kvnev‡Mi µwgK cÖvgvY¨Ki‡Yi †P‡q †ewk wKQy n‡q DV‡Z Pvq| Pjw”P‡Îi AvšÍtwelqxMZZvi Av‡jvPbvq GiKg wPÎbv‡U¨i web¨vm ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡q I‡V| KviY `k©‡Ki m‡½ Pjw”P‡Îi †h Uªvb‡RKkb Zv‡Z b¨v‡iwU‡fi A‰iwLKZv we‡kl f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡Z cv‡i| wfbœfv‡e kebg †di‡`Šmxi cÖvgvY¨wPÎ Rb¥mv_x `k©‡Ki m‡½ GKwU welqxMZ m¤ú‡K© Rwo‡q covi m¤¢vebv m„wó K‡i| Ggwb‡ZB wi‡d¬w·f †gv‡Wi cÖvgvY¨wP‡Îi m‡½ `k©K GKfv‡e hy³‡eva K‡ib| Avi keb‡gi QwewUi †R‡bwmmwUB Ggb †h, Zuvi e¨w³wbô wPšÍv µgk QwewU‡K GwM‡q wb‡q P‡j| myaxi Ges kvgmybœvnv‡ii †h cÖKvk Zv keb‡gi cÖ‡kœi †fZi w`‡q ïay bq; Zuvi ms‡e`, hy×wkï wel‡q Zuvi M‡elYv Ges Dcjwä †_‡K RvZ| Gfv‡e myaxi, kvgmybœvnvi Ges kebg Zuv‡`i AvšÍte¨w³K †jb‡`‡bi †fZi w`‡q Rb¥mv_x‡K `k©‡Ki mvg‡b Dcw¯’Z K‡ib| `k©K GB †jb‡`‡bi g‡a¨ hy³ nb, keb‡gi AbymÜvb Ges hvÎv `k©K‡K msÿzä ev cÖkœwe× bv Ki‡jI Zuvi wbR¯^ ms‡e` I wRÁvmv wb‡q GB hvÎvq hy³ n‡Z †cÖiYv †RvMvq| Z‡e AvšÍtwelqxMZZvi kw³gvb D`vniY Rvg©vwb‡Z cÖevmx evsjv‡`‡ki Pjw”PÎKvi kvnxb w`j-wiqv‡Ri †`kvšÍi cÖvgvY¨wPÎwU| Gi g~j †dvKvmwUB n‡”Q AvšÍtmvs¯‹…wZK msjvc Ges Zvi wbixÿY| c~e© Avi cwð‡gi cyi‡bv †h †jb‡`b ZviB GKai‡bi bevqb; hv mv¤úªwZKZvq cÖm½vwqZ, hvi ch©vqwU e¨w³wbô Ges mgvR, ivRbxwZ I A_©bxwZ‡K IB e¨w³i gvb †_‡KB we‡ePbv Kiv| AeavwiZfv‡eB Qwei Pwi·`i g‡a¨ †h AvšÍtwelqxMZ GK cwigÐj M‡o DV‡Z _v‡K Zv GB Qwei digvwjwU gvÎ bq, Zv-B GB Qwei welq| G Qwe m¤¢eZ Av‡iv hv Pvq Zv n‡jv, `k©‡Ki g‡a¨ GB msjvc‡K cÖweó Ki‡Z, `k©K‡K GB msjv‡c hy³ Ki‡Z| Qwei ÔAb¨


c„w_exÕ `k©K‡K †h cÖkœ¸‡jv K‡i (Gme cÖkœ wbg©vY K‡i Qwei cÖm½ I Zv‡`i wUªU‡g›U) Zv‡`i †fZi w`‡qB †hb Qwei gvby‡liv `k©K‡K †`‡L| A_ev GB cÖkœ¸‡jvi †fZi w`‡q `k©K wb‡R‡K bZzb K‡i †`‡L| Zvi Av‡eM, hyw³, AvMÖn, †ÿvf, j¾v, åvwšÍ Ñ GB Qwei †`Lv‡K wN‡i Ñ GK we‡kl eY©bv wbg©vY K‡i| GB eY©bv c~e© I cwð‡gi m¤úK©welqK; Avevi `k©‡Ki wb‡Ri wek¦vm, ivRbxwZ, Aw¯ÍZ¡ BZ¨vw`‡ZI mswkøó| `k©‡Ki GB eY©bv, Avgiv ZK© Ki‡Z cvwi, GB Pjw”P‡Îi B›Uvimve‡Rw±wfwU‡Z hy³ nq| †`kvšÍi Qwei welqxMZZv Gfv‡e µgvMZ, wbišÍi GK msjv‡ci avivevwnKZvq cwiYZ nq| K¨v‡ivwjb, Avbv, †dwj·, Rywjqvb, †ivRv, wg‡kj Ges Av‡iv K‡qKRb wg‡j G Qwei Rvg©vb cÿ| Avi G c‡ÿ evsjv‡`k Ñ XvKv Ges DËie‡½i MÖvg¸‡jv| kvnxb Av‡Qb gvSLv‡b; AšÍZ Gfv‡eB kvnxb †`L‡Z Pvb welqwU‡K| c‡ÿi aviYvwU Aby‡gvw`Z n‡e bv me©R‡b| wKš‘ cÿB Avm‡j, cwðg Avi c~e,© MwZ Avi w¯’wZ, abx Avi `wi`ª, `vZv Avi MÖnxZv, ˆewk¦K Avi ¯’vwbK| Gfv‡e GZ ˆecixZ¨,

AvB Gg B‡qU Uzwm w`jøx cÖvgvY¨wP‡Îi GKwU `„k¨

Awgj, `~iZ¡ †h c‡ÿi aviYvwU‡KB me‡P‡q jvMmB g‡b nq| Avi †mB ivR‰bwZK Dcwb‡ekKv‡ji `Lj`vwi NwbôZvI Abycw¯’Z GLb| I c‡ÿ ivR‰bwZK mwVKZvi civKvôv, G c‡ÿ AvZ¥cwiwPwZwelqK bvbv ZK©, D‡ËRbv, ¯úk©KvZiZv; me wg‡j `~iZ¡ GLb †ewkB| GB `~iZ¡‡K cÿ wn‡m‡e wPwýZ Ki‡jB †`kvšÍi Qwei A¨vmwc‡ikbwU‡K aiv hvq; Zvi cvjmwU‡K Abyfe Kiv hvq| †`kvšÍi f‚‡Mvj I ivRbxwZi mxgv cvi n‡q GB ˆecix‡Z¨i g‡a¨ msjvc Av‡qvRb Ki‡Z Pvq; ˆecixZ¨‡KB bvbvfv‡e cixÿv K‡i †`L‡Z Pvq| †m, GB Pjw”PÎ, Avbvwo m`_©K bq; †Kv‡bv P‚ovšÍ BwZevPKZv Zvi jÿ¨ bq| †m eis `yB c‡ÿi GB msjvc‡K `k©‡Ki g‡a¨ PvwjZ Ki‡Z Pvq Ges `k©K‡K hy³ K‡i AvšÍtwelqxMZZvi GKwU e„nËi Ges m`v-Pjgvb cwigÐj wbg©vY Ki‡Z Pvq| †`kvšÍ‡ii †h msjvc Zvi g‡a¨ DËi Dcwb‡e‡ki G‡_wbwmwU Kg‡cø· Av‡Q, AvaywbKZvwelqK RwUjZv Av‡Q, HwZn¨welqK Uvbvc‡ob Av‡Q, Av‡Q kvnevM, Av‡Q ivbv cøvRv| Gm‡ei †fZi w`‡q GK mg„× B›Uvimve‡Rw±f †jb‡`b|


Sjgwjqv cÖvgvY¨wP‡Îi GKwU `„k¨

dwi` Avn‡g‡`i Uªy, djm A¨vÛ G †ifz‡jkb BwZnv‡mi cÖvgvY¨KiY Kivi cvkvcvwk Zvi wbg©vY‡KŠk‡ji Kvi‡Y `k©‡Ki m‡½ GKwU AvšÍtwelqxMZ cwigÐj m„wó Ki‡Z mg_© nq| D˜NvwUZ BwZnvm ev Zvi DcKiY¸‡jv `k©K‡K mwµq K‡i †Zv‡j bvbv wRÁvmv m„wói ga¨ w`‡q| QwewUi AbymÜvbx AvenwU `k©K‡K A‡cÿvq _vKvi e`‡j gvbwmKfv‡e mPj K‡i †Zv‡j|

wbixÿv : Avw½KMZ wbixÿv evsjv‡`‡ki †Kv‡bv ai‡bi Pjw”P‡ÎB †h Lye †ewk n‡q‡Q Ggb bq| Z‡e mv¤úªwZKKv‡j cÖvgvY¨wP‡Î wbixÿvi bvbviKg cÖeYZv jÿ Kiv hv‡”Q| Gme wbixÿv G‡Kev‡i bZzb †Kv‡bv Awfe¨w³ n‡q DV‡Q GiKg ej‡Z PvBwQ bv, wKš‘ wbg©vZviv ev¯Í‡ei cÖvgvY¨Ki‡Y m„Rbkxj n‡q DV‡Z PvB‡Qb; GKwU `„k¨ Ae‡jvKb gva¨g wn‡m‡e Pjw”P‡Îi ÿgZv‡K ciL K‡i †`L‡Z PvB‡Qb;

A_ev cÖvgvY¨KiY Ges Awfe¨w³ wbg©vY `ywU welq‡KB ¸iæZ¡c~Y© K‡i Zzj‡Qb| †dŠwRqv Lv‡bi Qwe †h M‡íi †kl †bB GKwU mvgvwRK welq‡K fxlY e¨w³MZ GKwU †gRv‡R cÖvgvY¨KiY Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Q| bvixi †hŠbZvi g‡Zv GKwU welq‡K wb‡q QwewU wbg©v‡Y Pjw”PÎKvi cÖZxK I iƒc‡Ki AvkÖ‡q GK Kve¨gq RMr wbg©vY K‡i‡Qb| GB Kve¨ bvixev`x mvwnZ¨ I cÖK…wZi mgvšÍivj †_‡K AbycÖvwYZ nq| bvix`„wói †h cÖK…wZcÖeYZv K_v wj‡LwQ dviRvbv ewei welKuvUv Qwei Av‡jvPbvq †mB welqwUB GB Qwe‡Z cÖvq GK cÖavb wfRyqvj †gvwUd n‡q I‡V| Ab¨Î GB cÖeYZv‡K B‡Kv †dwgwbRg †_‡K AbycÖvwYZ GK Pjw”PwÎK Awfe¨w³ e‡j kbv³ K‡iwQ| †h M‡íi †kl †bB wbg©vY K‡i bvbv wfRyqvj cÖZxK Avi k‡ãi GK ms‡e`x Aven| wbg©vZv Qwe‡Z †bB; wKš‘ GK kw³gvb e¨w³MZ cvV Avgiv kbv³ Kwi| Avevi bvixK_vi `yj©f me DcvË welqwU‡K Awbt‡kl PvwjZ K‡i


`k©‡Ki g‡a¨| D‡jøL Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i †h, †dŠwRqvi Av‡Mi Qwe Avgv‡K ej‡Z `vI cÖvq GKBiKg GKwU Avw½K‡K AbymiY K‡iwQj| bexb wbg©vZv ûgvqiv wejwK‡mi AvB Gg B‡qU Uz wm w`jøx GKwU e¨w³MZ wfRyqvj hvÎv; w`wjøi g‡Zv †g‡Uªvcwj‡mi GK e¨w³wbô AwfÁZvi A‰iwLK cÖKvk| nq‡Zv GUv Zuvi GKwU ¯^c-œ cÖvq †PZbvcÖevnx wbwg©wZ, mv_©K KweZvi g‡Zv Ag~Z© †Kv‡bv Abyf‡ei AbycÖvwYZ cÖKvk| mve‡Rw±f, K¨vbwWW, gšÍe¨nxb `„wó I kÖe‡Yi g‡a¨ Zxÿè GK ms‡e‡`i m‡½ µ‡gB hy³ n‡Z _v‡K `k©K| ûgvqivi wbixÿv w`wjø kn‡ii weKí `k©b cÖ¯vÍ e K‡i; †mLv‡b kn‡ii nZkÖx ev¯ÍeZv, mewR we‡µZvi AvU‡cŠ‡i WvK, Aeqenxb UªvwdK, wWwRUvj Uz¨wiRg µgvMZ Pj‡Z _v‡K| A_ev †m GK AšÍh©vÎvB Avm‡j †kl ch©šÍ hv Aewkó _v‡K ¯§„wZi bk¦iZvq GK bMi wel‡q ZvB wb‡q| 2010 mv‡ji c‡i evsjv‡`‡k wbwg©Z wKQy cÖvgvY¨wP·K we‡ePbvq wb‡q K‡qKwU cÖeYZv‡K wPwýZ Kivi †Póv Kiv †Mj| GB †PóvwU Av‡iv me©vZ¥K Ges we‡kølYagx© Kiv m¤¢e n‡j Avwg wb‡R Z…ß †eva KiZvg| wKš‘ AvcvZZ bvbv mxgve×Zv‡K †g‡b wb‡q GLv‡bB _vg‡Z n‡”Q| me‡k‡l fwel¨‡Zi cÖvgvY¨wPÎ cÖm‡½ GKwU †QvU wb‡e`b| wWwRUvj cÖhwy ³ mviv c„w_ex‡ZB GKwU NUbv NwU‡q‡Q, evsjv‡`kI Zvi evB‡i bq| †mwU n‡”Q Pjw”PÎ wbg©v‡Yi GKai‡bi inm¨ †gvPb| GwU †h †Kv‡bv cweÎ gš¿mva¨ `yNU© bv we‡kl bq; ms‡e`x gvbyl gvÎB Qwe evbv‡bvi D‡`¨vM wb‡Z cv‡ib Ñ GB K_vwU AšÍZ hv‡`i IqvB(Y) †Rbv‡ikb ejv nq †mB cÖR‡b¥i gvbyliv Avgv‡`i †`‡kI eyS‡Z †c‡i‡Qb| GB AvZ¥wek¦vm w`‡q‡Q Pjw”PÎ wbg©v‡Yi nvjKv wWwRUvj cÖhyw³ Ges mnRjf¨ †hvMv‡hvM cÖhyw³| Gi m‡½ hy³ n‡q‡Q Pjw”PÎwelqK cÖvwZôvwbK †jLvcovi my‡hvM| bvbv mxgve×Zvi gv‡SI ZiæYiv wKQy ZË¡ Ges cÖv‡qvwMK Ávb AR©b Ki‡Qb Pjw”PÎwbg©vY cÖm‡½| Gi dj n‡”Q GB †h, evsjv‡`‡k GLb bvbv cÖwµqvi †fZi w`‡q ARmª Qwe ˆZwi n‡”Q| KvwnwbwPÎ n‡”Q, cÖvgvY¨wPÎ n‡”Q, †QvU-eo bvbv ˆ`‡N©¨i Qwe n‡”Q| cÖvgvY¨wP‡Îi †ÿ‡Î fv‡jvfv‡e g‡bv‡hvMx n‡j †`wL, ¯^vaxbZvi ci mËi Ges Avwki `k‡K nv‡Z‡Mvbv K‡qKwU cÖvgvY¨wPÎ wbwg©Z n‡q‡Q| †m Zzjbvq beŸB‡qi `k‡K bvUKxqfv‡eB Qwei msL¨v †e‡o †M‡Q Ges Gi c‡ii mg‡q †m msL¨v Av‡iv A‡bK †ewk| GB cÖkœ †Zvjv †h‡ZB cv‡i, ZviciI wK h‡_ó msL¨vq gvbm¤úbœ cÖvgvY¨wPÎ wbwg©Z n‡”Q, A_ev cÖvgvY¨wPÎ wK `k©‡Ki Kv‡Q †cuŠQ‡”Q ev `k©‡Ki g‡a¨ cÖvgvY¨wPÎ welqK m‡PZbZv ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| GB cÖkœ¸‡jv cÖvgvY¨wPÎ welqK Av‡jvPbvq Aek¨B cÖvmw½K, wKš‘ AvcvZZ Avwg hv cÖwZwôZ Ki‡Z PvBwQ Zvi evB‡ii e¨vcvi| Avgvi g‡b

n‡q‡Q †h, Pjw”P‡Îi GB †h MYZš¿vqY Zvi cÖfveUv me‡P‡q †ewk c‡o‡Q cÖvgvY¨Ki‡Y| WKz‡g‡›Ukb e¨vcviUv †h-†Kv‡bv A‡_©B e¨vcKZv jvf K‡i‡Q Ges wfRyqvj WKz‡g‡›Uk‡b GLb †KD RoZv †eva K‡ib bv| G wel‡q we‡kl GwM‡q bZzb cÖRb¥| †h-†Kv‡bv NUbv ¸iæZ¡c~Y© g‡b n‡jB nv‡Zi †gvevBj †dvbwU e¨envi K‡i Zvi Qwe aviY K‡i ivLv n‡”Q| Zvici AšÍZ mvgvwRK †hvMv‡hvM gva¨‡g Zv cÖKvwkZ n‡”Q| Gfv‡e ev¯Í‡ei bgybv msMÖ‡ni cÖwµqvwU GKwU e¨vcK Kg©h‡Á cwiYZ n‡q‡Q mgv‡R| ZK© Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, Gfv‡e Pjgvb ev¯ÍeZv Qwe aviY Kivq Af¨¯Í n‡q hviv †e‡o DV‡Qb, cÖvgvY¨wPÎ wbg©v‡Yi cÖ¯‘wZ‡Z Zviv c~e©eZx© cÖR‡b¥i †P‡q GwM‡q _vK‡Qb| Gi c‡ii c_wU Zv‡`i g‡a¨ KRb nuvU‡eb †mwU wKš‘ wfbœ K_v; wKš‘, Zviv AvZ¥wek¦v‡m Ges AwfÁZvq GwM‡q _vK‡Qb| GLv‡b me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© †eva Kwi GB bZzb cÖR‡b¥i wkÿY cÖwµqvwU| Giv hLb wkL‡eb cÖvgvY¨wPÎ wbg©v‡Yi Kjv‡KŠkj wewfbœ cÖwZôv‡b ZLb Zv‡`i c~e©vwR©Z AvZ¥wek¦vm Ges AwfÁZvi welq¸‡jv hw` g‡b ivLv nq, Zvn‡j bZzb cÖvgvY¨wP‡Îi c_ myMg n‡e wbðqB| nv‡j cÖvgvY¨wP‡Îi GB msL¨v ùxwZi Kv‡j wgwWqv‡Z †h MZvbyMwZK cÖvgvY¨wPÎ cÖ`wk©Z nq Zvi Avw½K‡K †gv‡bvdg© bv‡g AvL¨vwqZ K‡i‡Qb Pjw”PÎ-Av‡jvPKiv Ges wbw®Œq `k©‡Ki Rb¨ ev¯Í‡ei myweavRbK e¨vL¨v wbg©v‡Yi GKwU cwiKvVv‡gv wn‡m‡e GB Avw½K‡K wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb| Zv‡`i fvlvq, Ôa language form where in spatial fragmentation, repetitive time rhythms, constantly moving camera, rapid staccato editing, dense bombardment of sound, and lack of silence or reflective space, play a dominant and aggressive roleÕ (IqvUwKÝ, 2015)| Avgv‡`i bZzb cÖR‡b¥i m¤¢ve¨

cÖvgvY¨wPÎ wbg©vZv‡`i GB cÖeYZv †_‡K iÿv Kiv KZ©e¨ e‡j g‡b Kwi| n

m~Î wb‡`©k :

IqvUwKÝ, wcUvi| †÷U‡g›U Ab wgwWqv µvBwmm : Ab †gv‡bvdg© Ae Kb‡Ug‡cvivwi wgwWqv| www.pwatkins.mnsi.net/index.htm †_‡K A‡±vei 2015-†Z M„nxZ| 2. †jBb, Zvinv (2007)| †kBg A¨vÛ wWRvqvi : B‡gvkb, B›Uvimve‡Rw±wfwU, wm‡bgv| wcUvi j¨vs| 3. †nv‡mb, gvngy`yj (2015)| Sjgwjqv : ¯^v`y †kK‡oi mÜv‡b, www.dekhamhossain.wordpress.com †_‡K †g 2016-†Z M„nxZ|

1.


gy‡Lvk KL‡bv bZzb gvÎv †hvM Ki‡Z cv‡i wK KvgvjDwÏb bxjy

gy

‡Lv‡ki mvnv‡h¨ GKRb gvbyl Zvi RvqMvUv‡K hLb †m e¨envi Ki‡Z Pvq bv gyL hv e‡j wb‡Ri cÖK…Z iƒc mwZ¨Kvifv‡eB ZLb gy‡Lvk Zv‡K wew”Qbœ K‡i †`q Zvi Zvi †P‡q AwaK cÖKvk Ki‡Z cv‡i Ñ †h iƒcwU ÔcwiPqÕ †_‡K Ges Zvi gvbwmK RMrUv‡K e‡j gy‡Lvk XvKv c‡o _v‡K Zvi †Pnvivi gva¨‡g| GUv cÖKvk K‡i GKwU wfbœ e¨w³ wn‡m‡e| G Ñ A¯‹vi IqvBì GKUv wbw`©ó e¨w³ ev `k©K Df‡qi †ÿ‡ÎB cÖm‡½ †R †dvig¨v‡bi e¨vL¨v : Ôgy‡Lvk Zvi cÖ‡hvR¨ n‡Z cv‡i| Aviwe fvlvq gy‡Lv‡ki cwiavbKvix‡K gyw³ †`q mKj ai‡bi cÖwZiƒc ÔgvmLvnivÕ, hvi A_© Ô†auvKvevwRÕ ms‡KvP, wbqgKvbyb I cÖvZ¨wnK Rxe‡bi ev ÔiƒcvšÍiÕ, Avevi Bs‡iwR‡Z Gi A_© Kiv nq Ñ ÔcÖ”Qbœ wewfbœ LyuwUbvwU welq †_‡K| Z‡e GUv GKB m‡½ g‡b iƒcÕ| GKRb e¨w³i gvbwmK RMrUv cÖKvk cvq Zvi gy‡Li Kwi‡q †`q wek„•Ljv, webvk I cwieZ©bkxjZv, hv Avgv‡`i gva¨‡g, Avi GB gyL A_©vr Zv‡K kbv³ Kivi g~j m‡½B Av‡Q|Õ


1. gy‡Lvk Ges w_‡qUvi m‡µwU‡mi mgq †_‡K ïiæ K‡i eZ©gv‡bi AvaywbK cvðvZ¨ w_‡qUvi ch©šÍ gy‡Lvk e¨eüZ n‡q Avm‡Q bvU‡Ki iƒcKZv‡K cÖKvk Kivi GKUv cÖZxK wn‡m‡e| mnRfv‡e ejv hvq, eû hyM a‡iB iƒcvq‡Yi †ÿ‡Î gy‡Lvk Pwi·K cÖZxKvwqZ K‡i Avm‡Q Ges bvU‡Ki cvidig¨vÝ I agx©q AvPvi-Abyôv‡bi †ÿ‡Î GwU cÖavb f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡Q| Gic‡iI eZ©gv‡b bvU¨welqK cÖwkÿ‡Yi †ÿ‡Î GKUv g~j welq wn‡m‡e gy‡Lv‡ki Z_¨wb‡`©k h‡_ó AcÖZzj| wek kZ‡K wkÿvi GKUv mywbw`©ó DcKiY wn‡m‡e gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi ïiæ n‡q‡Q| cÖ_gw`‡K GUv Aek¨ Awfbqwkíx‡`i cÖwkÿ‡Yi Rb¨ e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv| Awfbqwkíx I cÖwkÿ‡Yi †ÿ‡Î gy‡Lvk Awf‡bZv-Awf‡bÎx‡`i AvZ¥cwiPq †_‡K wew”Qbœ K‡i †`q Ges Dfq †ÿ‡ÎB wkíx‡`i GKUv ÔAb¨Õ mËvq cwiYZ K‡i, hv A‡bKUv ISv‡`i g‡Zv e¨vcvi| Avi GB wew”QbœZvi gva¨‡g wkíx Zvi wb‡Ri mËv‡K Av‡iv wbweofv‡e Abyfe Ki‡Z cv‡i| †R wK‡d I Gm gvwii g‡Z :

cÖvPxb wMÖK w_‡qUv‡ii gy‡Lvk

gyLgЇj GKUv we‡kl gvÎv †hvM Kivi Ab¨Zg Dcvq n‡jv gy‡Lvk| hLbB wkíxiv gy‡Lvk c‡ib, ZLbB Zuv‡`i kix‡ii m‡¤§vnbUv P‡j hvq| Zuviv gyLgЇji mg¯Í Awfe¨w³ I †cwki bovPov eÜ K‡i †`b, gyLgЇji Amvgvb¨ Hk¦h© P‡j hvq| wkíxi m‡½ Zuvi gyLgЇji (Rvcvwb fvlvq Kv‡gb) Ggb GKUv wew”QbœZv ˆZwi nq †h ZLb Zuvi gyLUv n‡q hvq g„Z| GB e¨vcviUv Aek¨ wki‡ñ‡`i m‡½I Zzjbv Kiv hvq| Avi G Kvi‡YB GKRb wkíxi me‡P‡q eo P¨v‡jÄ n‡jv : GKUv w¯’i, wbðj I AUj e¯‘‡K GKUv RxešÍ I e¨Äbvc~Y© Ae¯’vq cwiYZ Kiv|

gy‡Lvk wb‡q Aa¨qb Kivi †ÿ‡Î gy‡Lvk‡K wN‡i ci¯úi mshy³ wewfbœ ai‡bi Áv‡bi m‡½ †evSvcov KivB me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡cY~ © e¨vcvi| Avi G‡ÿ‡Î agx©q AvPvi-Abyôvb †_‡K ïiæ K‡i cvidig¨vÝ I w_‡qUvi A¨vb_ª‡cvjwR ch©šÍ gy‡Lvk‡K wN‡i Av‡Q kvixwiK w_‡qUvi| ZvwË¡K/wkíx †hgb, †eªLU, †jKK, †MÖv‡Uvw¯‹ I eªæK Ges GKB m‡½ d¨vwfI, †dv, eviev I gvqvi‡nvì‡KI G‡ÿ‡Î D‡cÿv Kiv hvq bv| gy‡Lvk Kx Ki‡Z cv‡i Ges Kxfv‡e gy‡Lvk‡K e¨envi Kiv nq Ñ GB `y‡Uvi g‡a¨ g~jMZ cv_©K¨ i‡q‡Q| gy‡Lvk Kx Ki‡Z cv‡i G e¨vcv‡i M‡elYvi KvRwU‡K wef³ Kiv hvq `k©‡Ki Ic‡i gy‡Lv‡ki cÖfve Ges gy‡Lvk whwb e¨envi Ki‡Qb Zuvi Ic‡i gy‡Lv‡ki cÖfve Ñ GB `y‡Uv fv‡M| GB `y‡Uv fvM Avm‡j gy‡Lv‡ki Kvh©KvwiZvi Ic‡i wbf©i Ki‡Q| Kv‡Ri w`K †_‡K gy‡Lvk n‡Z cv‡i mvaviYZ cÖwZwbwaZ¡g~jK, Av‡eMc~Y©, mywbw`©ó †Kv‡bv Awfe¨w³g~jK ev QÙ‡ekx| gy‡Lv‡ki GB ai‡bi KvR¸‡jv `k©K‡`i Ic‡iI wfbœ wfbœ cÖwZwµqv m„wó K‡i| b„ZvwË¡K `„wó‡KvY †_‡K gy‡Lvk Zvi `k©K‡`i

wKs BwWcvm bvU‡K B‡qvKv¯Ívi gy‡Lvk


†cvjK Gic‡i gy‡Lvk Kx Ki‡Z cv‡i G m¤ú‡K© e‡j‡Qb :

gy‡Lvk †mB mg¯Í cwiP‡qi wPý‡K jywK‡q iv‡L ev cwieZ©b K‡i, †h¸‡jv Zz‡j a‡i GKUv iƒcvšÍwiZ e¨w³‡K ev Zvi cy‡iv bZzb cwiPqUv‡K| hw`I cÖwZwU ms¯‹…wZ‡Z A‡bK ai‡bi gva¨g i‡q‡Q, †h¸‡jvi mvnv‡h¨ cwiPq‡K Dc¯’vcb Kiv hvq Avi cwiPq cÖKv‡ki †mBme cÖ_vMZ wPý‡K MÖnY Kivi gva¨‡g GKUv gy‡Lvk wb‡RB mg„× nq|

gy‡Lvk : w` I‡iwmqv

Kv‡Q GKUv iƒcK ev cÖZxK wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ nq Ges GwU wkíx‡K `k©K‡`i KvQ †_‡K c„_K K‡i iv‡L Ges GKUv `~iZ¡ m„wó K‡i, †hUv‡K Dcjwäi †ÿ‡Î ejv hvq Gwj‡q‡bkb B‡d±| Av‡iKUz mnRfv‡e ejv hvq, `k©K‡K †Rvi K‡i A_© †evSv‡bvi †P‡q gy‡Lvk `k©K‡`i Zv‡`i g‡Zv K‡i GKUv A_© ˆZwi Ki‡Z †`q Ges GB A‡_©i Av‡jv‡KB Zv‡`i‡K cvidig¨v‡Ýi evZ©vUv Dcjwä Ki‡Z my‡hvM K‡i †`q| GwjRv‡e_ †UvbwKb g‡b K‡ib, gy‡Lvk n‡”Q kw³‡K MÖwš’e× Kivi GKwU gva¨g, Avi GB kw³Uv n‡”Q GKRb e¨w³i wb‡R‡K iƒcvšÍi K‡i Ab¨ GKRb n‡q hvIqv| `k©K‡`i †ÿ‡Î GB kw³Uv n‡jv wb‡Ri †ev‡ai wbqš¿Y I Ávb AR©b| GB we‡kølYUv gvbwmK Ae¯’v I †ev‡ai cÖwZ `„wó cÖ`vb Ki‡jI †cvjK g‡b K‡ib, GB we‡kølYUv GKUv e¨vcv‡i mxgve× n‡q c‡o‡Q, Avi Zv n‡jv : `k©‡Kiv KL‡bvB fv‡eb bv †h gy‡Lvk Kxfv‡e KvR K‡i, eis Zviv fv‡eb †h gy‡Lvk Kx Kx Ki‡Z cv‡i|

†cvj‡Ki fvebv wb‡q cÖPzi M‡elYv n‡q‡Q Avi G‡Z GKUv e¨vcvi †evSv hvq †h, wesk kZvãxi w_‡qUvi PP©vq nq‡Zv ev AZ¨šÍ AmZK©Zvi m‡½ gy‡Lvk e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q| Aek¨ wesk kZvãx‡Z gnovi GKwU Ask wn‡m‡e gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi †gv‡UB bZzb †Kv‡bv fvebv bq, eis ejv hvq GKwesk kZvãxi w_‡qUvi PP©vi †ÿ‡ÎB GwUi Afve †ek fv‡jvfv‡eB cwijwÿZ nq| cÖ_vMZ cwiPq‡K cwieZ©‡bi Rb¨ gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi jÿ Kiv hvq †eU©ë †eªL‡Ui bvUK¸‡jv‡Z| wZwb Zuvi bvUK¸‡jv‡Z gy‡Lvk e¨envi K‡i‡Qb `k©K‡K wew”Qbœ K‡i †`Iqvi GKUv Ask wn‡m‡e| gvqvi‡nvì I GWDBb wcmKvU‡ii fvebv-AvwkÖZ GB gy‡Lvk Avm‡j `k©K‡`i GKRb m‡PZb `k©K wn‡m‡e cÖ`k©bxUv †`L‡Z †`q| GUv wMÖK w_‡qUv‡i gy‡Lv‡ki e¨env‡ii Zzjbvq Aek¨ wfbœ, KviY wMÖK w_‡qUv‡i gy‡Lvk e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv ms¯‹…wZ I cvidig¨v‡Ýi †KŠkjMZ Kvi‡Y| wc †gB‡b‡Ki hyw³ : me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© e¨vcviUv n‡jv, GKUv †Lvjv RvqMvq bvU¨wµqv m„wói Rb¨ gy‡Lvk Lye djcÖm~ f‚wgKv ivL‡Z cv‡i| GKRb wkíx gy‡Lvk civi m‡½ m‡½ `k©K‡`i KvQ †_‡K wew”Qbœ n‡q hvb, GUv A‡bKUv AvKl©Y m„wói g‡Zv †h Lye `ªæZB GKUv bvU¨vwfbq ïiæ n‡Z hv‡”Q| Av‡iKUv e¨vcvi n‡jv, GKUv †Lvjv RvqMvq bvUK cwi‡ek‡bi †ÿ‡Î GUv GKUv bv›`wbK gvÎv †hvM K‡i Ges GUv gvbwmK †hvMv‡hvM I `„wó AvKl©‡YiI GKUv Dcvq wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i| Avi gy‡Lvk cÖK…Zc‡ÿ Zvi w`‡K gvbyl‡K ZvKv‡ZI eva¨ K‡i|

2. wMÖK w_‡qUvi wMÖK w_‡qUv‡ii DrcwË N‡UwQj Wv‡qvwbmv‡mi Drme‡K †K›`ª K‡i| GB Drm‡e cvidig¨v‡Ýi mgq gy‡Lvk e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv Pwi·K AwZiwÄZ Ges †Rviv‡jv Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨, Avi †mBm‡½ `k©K‡`i mvg‡b PwiÎwU‡K Av‡iv `k©bxq K‡i †ZvjviI GKUv `vq wQj| wMÖK bvUK¸‡jv cwi‡ekb Kiv n‡Zv †Lvjv AvKv‡ki wb‡P Ges wekvj AvKv‡ii wgjbvqZ‡b, †mLv‡b `k©‡Kiv hZ `~‡iB e‡m _vKzK bv †Kb Lye cwi®‹vifv‡e Awf‡bZv‡`i msjvc ïb‡Z †cZ| Avi GUv Kivi Rb¨ Awf‡bZv‡`i nuvUvPjvq _vKZ `„pZv Ges hv AZ¨šÍ ÷vBjvBRW| Awf‡bZviv cy‡iv gyLRy‡oB gy‡Lvk e¨envi KiZ, †mB Zzjbvq †mU ev cÖcm e¨envi KiZ Lye Kg| gy‡Lvk e¨envi Kivi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY wQj bvUK


cwi‡ek‡bi RvqMvUvi wekvjZv Ges `k©K I Awf‡bZv‡`i g‡a¨ `~iZ¡| GQvov gy‡Lvk e¨env‡ii d‡j wZbRb Awf‡bZv PvB‡j A‡bK¸‡jv Pwi‡Î Awfbq Ki‡Z cviZ| Aek¨ cÖ_gw`‡K bvU‡K _vKZ GKRb Awf‡bZv I †Kvivm `j, Z‡e cieZx© mg‡q Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í Awf‡bZvi msL¨v wZbRb n‡q †Mj Ges †mBm‡½ †Kvivm †Zv wQjB| wMÖK w_‡qUv‡i Awf‡bZv‡`i cy‡iv gyLRy‡oB gy‡Lvk e¨eüZ n‡Zv, Z‡e gy‡Lvk¸‡jv wbi‡cÿ Awfe¨w³i wQj bv| †m¸‡jv‡Z _vKZ AwZiwÄZ Awfe¨w³, †hUv Awf‡bZv I †Kvivm‡`i g‡Â AZ¨šÍ ¯úó I mywbw`©ófv‡e nuvUvPjv Ki‡Z mvnvh¨ KiZ| gy‡Lvk c‡i †Kvivm`j nuvUvPjv Ki‡Z Ki‡ZB msjvc ejZ e‡jB GKUv wekvj AvKv‡ii `„k¨ ˆZwi n‡Zv, †hUv‡K Kíbv Kiv P‡j `„k¨Kv‡e¨i m‡½| †WwfW DBjm, whwb wMÖK w_‡qUvi I gy‡Lvk m¤ú‡K© we¯ÍvwiZ wj‡L‡Qb, Zuvi g‡Z gy‡Lv‡ki e¨enviUv wQj Avm‡j cvidig¨v‡Ýi †KŠkjMZ Kvi‡YB, d‡j Gi m‡½ wMÖK Uª¨v‡RwWi agx©q AvPvi-Abyôvb I kÖ×v Ñ GBme wg‡jwg‡k gy‡Lvk bvU‡Ki m‡½ m‡½B M‡o D‡V‡Q b„Z‡Ë¡i gh©v`vm¤úbœ GKwU Dcv`vb| DBjm e‡jb : ÔBwZnv‡mi †Kv‡bv exi PwiÎ m¤ú‡K© wKQy ej‡Z †M‡j agx©q e¨vcvi-m¨vcvi G‡mB c‡o| Avi gy‡LvkB GB Uª¨vwRK Pwi·K gwngvwš^Z K‡i †Zv‡j|Õ gy‡Lv‡ki Av‡iv GKUv A_© n‡jv GUv Awf‡bZv I `k©K‡`i my‡KŠk‡j cvidig¨v‡Ýi ivR‰bwZK mswkøóZv †_‡KI iÿv K‡i, †hgbwU K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i †ÿ‡Î| GLv‡bI Awf‡bZv I `k©K‡`i gy‡Lvk wbivcËv †`q Ges `~‡i mwi‡q iv‡L cvidig¨v‡Ýi ivR‰bwZK mswkøóZv †_‡K| Gm GBP w¯§‡_i g‡Z : gy‡Lvk GKUv cÖwZeÜKZv m„wói gva¨‡g `k©K‡`i‡K Awf‡bZv‡`i cwiPq †_‡K `~‡i iv‡L ev GUv `k©K I Pwi‡Îi g‡a¨ GKUv bv›`wbK `~iZ¡ m„wó K‡i, A_©vr GUv Awf‡bZv‡K `k©K‡`i KvQ †_‡K Avovj K‡i iv‡L| Gi †cQ‡bi g~j e¨vcviUv n‡jv, GUv `k©K‡`i mnvbyf‚wZkxj I Av‡eMx n‡Z †`q bv, eis GUv Zv‡`i †V‡j †`q we‡kølYvZ¥K I wePÿY nIqvi w`‡KB|

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gy‡Lvk : K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©

3. K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z© 1500 wLªóv‡ã BZvwj‡Z K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i DrcwË n‡qwQj| Gwkqvi A‡bK HwZn¨evnx bvU¨ cwi‡ekbvi Awf‡bZv‡`i g‡ZvB K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i Awf‡bZvivI ïay GKwU Pwi‡ÎB Awfbq KiZ Ges Zv‡`i `ÿZv‡K AZ¨šÍ D”Pch©v‡q wb‡q †hZ| cwi‡ekbvi MíwU mywbw`©ó wKQy Pwi·K †K›`ª K‡iB AvewZ©Z n‡Zv, d‡j †h mg¯Í MÖvgevmx GB ågYKvix `jwU‡K Avgš¿Y RvbvZ Zviv cwi‡ekbvwUi cÖKw… Z I AvPvi-AvPiY mn‡RB eyS‡Z cviZ Ges `jwU‡K wewfbœ NUbv I gvbyl m¤ú‡K© we`ªƒcvZ¥K wewfbœ Dcv`vb †hvM Ki‡Z mvnvh¨ KiZ, d‡j MÖvgevmxi Kv‡Q ZLb GUv AZ¨šÍ Dc‡fvM¨ n‡q DVZ| †eBbm I IÕeªvqvb GB bvU¨wµqv m¤ú‡K© Zv‡`i †bwf‡MwUs Wªvgv eBwU‡Z Lye mij fvlvq e‡j‡Qb : K‡gwWqv‡Z †Kv‡bv RwUj PwiÎvqY †bB, †Kv‡bv Uª¨v‡RwW †bB, PwiÎ weKv‡ki †Kv‡bv cÖwµqv †bB, GgbwK †Kv‡bv gb¯ÍvwË¡K ev¯ÍeZvI


BZvwji GB gy‡Lvkwbf©i K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i Awf‡bZviv Aa©-gy‡Lvk e¨envi KiZ ÷K Pwiθ‡jv Dc¯’vc‡bi Rb¨ Ñ GB Pwiθ‡jv Aek¨ `k©K‡`i Kv‡Q †ek fv‡jvfv‡eB cwiwPZ wQj| gy‡Lvk e¨env‡ii gva¨‡g Awf‡bZviv Zv‡`i wb‡R‡`i Avovj K‡i ivLZ| gy‡Lvk¸‡jvi Aeq‡e _vKZ Pwiθ‡jvi wewfbœ nvm¨imvZ¥K Dcv`vb| gy‡Lvk¸‡jv Avm‡j Pwiθ‡jv‡KB Dc¯’vcb KiZ, D`vniY wn‡m‡e ejv hvq, gy‡Lv‡ki is Ges bv‡Ki AvK…wZi gva¨‡g| GB is I AvK…wZ¸‡jv wbe©vPb Kiv n‡Zv wMÖK `vk©wbK I Wv³vi M¨v‡jb cÖewZ©Z gvbwmK cÖK…wZi wewfbœ wefvM Abymv‡i| jvj is e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv kw³gv‡bi cÖZxK wn‡m‡e Ñ whwb hyw³ev`x, GgbwK AvZ¥wek¦vmx| njy` is e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv ivM, wbPz gvbwmKZv I m‡›`nevwZKMÖ‡¯Íi cÖZxK wn‡m‡e| bxj is e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv AšÍgy©wLbZv, Amš‘wó Ges GKRb weï× gvby‡li cÖZxK wn‡m‡e, Aek¨ gv‡S gv‡S ÔwePwjZÕ gvby‡li cÖZxK wn‡m‡eI GB is e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv| meyR is e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv Av‡eMk~b¨Zv, Ajm, cwieZ©‡b AvMÖnx bq Ges cigyLv‡cwÿZvi cÖZxK wn‡m‡e| 4. gvqvi‡nvì

gvqvi‡nv‡ìi wØZxq mËv : W. wWcvwU©Dub

†bB| ïay †gŠwjK K‡gwW Av‡Q| K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i cvidig¨v‡Ý MfxiZv †bB GB Awf‡hv‡Mi e¨vcv‡i K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i wkíxiv, †hgb Av‡šÍvwbI dvfv, Rb iæWwjb I `vwiI †dv wØgZ †cvlY K‡i‡Qb| G dvfvi g‡Z :

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evwj©bvi Abmv¤^j-cÖ‡hvwRZ `¨ K‡Kwkqvb PK mv‡K©j bvU‡K Mfb©‡ii ¯¿xi Pwi‡Î †n‡jb I‡q‡Mj


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R¨vK †Kvcy¨

5. †eªLU †eªLU gy‡Lvk‡K Aej¤^b K‡iwQ‡jb wew”QbœZvi GKUv gva¨g wn‡m‡e, hv‡Z `k©Kiv g‡Âi wµqv †_‡K wb‡R‡`i mwi‡q ivL‡Z cv‡ib| †eªLU GUvi bvg w`‡qwQ‡jb Ôwew”QbœZvi cÖfveÕ| Avi GUv ˆZwi n‡qwQj gvqvi‡nvìm„ó Ôbv›`wbKZvi ¯^Ztwbqwš¿Z DcjwäÕi gva¨‡g| †eªL‡Ui gy‡Lvkwbf©i bvU‡Ki g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q K‡Kwkqvb PK mv‡K©j, †hLv‡b AZ¨šÍ ¯úófv‡e e¨envi Kiv n‡qwQj Awfe¨w³wbf©i gy‡Lvk| GB ai‡bi gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi ïay gyLgЇji Awfe¨w³‡Z AvU‡K bv †_‡K Awf‡bZvi

bvU¨welqK wkÿKiv, huviv BD‡iv‡c cÖwkÿY MÖnY K‡i‡Qb Ges gnovi †ÿ‡Î kvixwiK KmiZ‡K mvivwe‡k¦ Qwo‡q w`‡q‡Qb Zuviv wbðqB Zuv‡`i †kKo wf‡quv Kjw¤^‡q‡K cÖwkÿ‡Yi †K›`ª¯’j wn‡m‡e g‡b K‡ib Ges GB RvqMvwU I R¨vK †Kvcy¨i KvR¸‡jv‡K wbðqB Zuviv fz‡j hvbwb| †Kvcy¨ gvqvi‡nv‡ìi AvKv•ÿv‡KB ev¯Íevqb K‡i‡Qb, †hwU wQj cwðgv we‡k¦ Awf‡bZv‡`i bvU¨ cÖwkÿ‡Yi Dbœq‡bi gva¨‡g cvidig¨v‡Ýi Dbœq‡bi GKwU bZzb c×wZ Lyu‡R †ei Kivi cÖwµqv| DËi Av‡gwiKvq Awf‡bZv‡`i cÖwkÿ‡Yi †ÿ‡Î cvidig¨v‡Ý gb¯ÍvwË¡K mZ¨Uv‡K AbymiY Ki‡Z ejv nq, †hUvi DrcwË ¯Ívwbmøvfw¯‹i Z‡Ë¡i †fZ‡i, Avi GUv‡K MÖnY Kiv n‡”Q bvU¨ cÖwkÿK‡`i wewfbœ gZev‡`i gva¨‡g, D`vniY wn‡m‡e BDUv †n‡Rb I iæWjd ÷vBbv‡ii K_v ejv hvq| Zuv‡`i cÖwµqvUv A‡bKUv BD‡ivc‡Kw›`ªK GKUv c×wZ, †hUv‡Z †Rvi †`Iqv n‡q‡Q kixi Ges Zvi wbqš¿Y‡K, Avi G ai‡bi ZË¡ weKwkZ n‡q‡Q †MÖv‡Uvw¯‹ I gvB‡Kj †mB›U-†Wwb‡mi gva¨‡g| kvixwiK w_‡qUvi I gy‡Lvk wb‡q KvR K‡i‡Qb Ggb K‡qKR‡bi K_v ejv hvq, †hgb Ñ GwZ‡qb †`¨vKz, Ru¨ jyB e¨vië, R¨vK †jKK Ges gvB‡Kj †mB›U-†Wwbm, Zuviv mevB †Kvcy¨i Aax‡bB wkÿv jvf K‡i‡Qb| GQvov Av‡iv K‡qKR‡bi bvg D‡jøL Kiv hvq, huviv wesk kZvãxi cÖ_gw`‡K †Kvcy¨i m‡½ KvR K‡i‡Qb, †hgb Ñ Ru¨ I †gwi-†n‡jb `v‡¯Í, Ru¨ Wiwm, Pvj©m Wvwjb, jyB Ry‡f I gv‡m©j gv‡muv| †Kvcy¨ g‡b Ki‡Zb B‡¤úÖvfvB‡Rkb I Awf‡bZv‡`i cÖwkÿ‡Yi †ÿ‡Î GKwU AZ¨šÍ cÖ‡qvRbxq Dcv`vb n‡jv gy‡Lvk| wZwb g‡b Ki‡Zb, gy‡Lvk GKRb Awf‡bZv‡K Zvi wbR¯^ ev¯ÍeZv‡K †X‡K ivL‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i Ges Zvi wbR¯^ wØav I ms‡KvP‡K `~‡i mwi‡q Zv‡K iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡Z mnvqZv K‡i, d‡j gy‡LvkUv ZLb cvidig¨v‡Ýi gb¯ÍË¡‡K cÖKvk Kivi †ÿ‡Î Awf‡bZv/cvidigv‡ii Rb¨ GKwU gva¨g wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i| A_©vr †`Lv hv‡”Q †h gy‡Lvk `yB ai‡bi KvR K‡i, Awf‡bZvi Rb¨ GKUv gb¯ÍvwË¡K I kvixwiK gva¨g wn‡m‡e Ges †mBm‡½ `k©K‡`i Rb¨ GKUv iƒcK wn‡m‡e| wZwb g‡b Ki‡Zb †h, gy‡Lvk GKRb Awf‡bZv‡K Zuvi gyLgЇji Awfe¨w³i cÖwZ g‡bv‡hvM bv w`‡q †hvMv‡hv‡Mi gva¨g wn‡m‡e Zuv‡K kix‡ii cÖwZ wek¦vm ¯’vcb Ki‡Z mnvqZv K‡i| gvqvi‡nv‡ìi g‡ZvB, BDwi`wgK‡mi Q›` I aviYvi ZË¡ †hUv D™¢veb K‡iwQ‡jb Avwàqv I `vj‡µvR


†mUv n‡q c‡owQj Zvi g~j `k©b| w_‡qUvi‡K cybM©V‡bi Rb¨ †Kvcy¨i AwfhvbUv ïiæ n‡qwQj ÔZviKv cÖ_vi ÿwZKi cÖfve Ges evwYwR¨K ¯^v_©mvabÕ‡K _vwg‡q †`Iqvi AvKv•ÿv †_‡K| Zuvi Av‡iKwU AvKv•ÿv wQj Awf‡bZv‡`i wZwb cvidig¨v‡Ýi wfwËg~‡j wdwi‡q Avb‡eb Ges mnRjä PvZzixUv‡K `~i K‡i †`‡eb| kvixwiK KmiZ I Q‡›`i w`‡K `„wó wbe× Ki‡Z wM‡q †Kvcy¨ †Kb cÖwkÿ‡Yi gva¨g wn‡m‡e gy‡Lvk †e‡Q wb‡qwQ‡jb †mUv m¤ú‡K© A¨vwjmb nR Lye Aí K_vq e‡j‡Qb :

wZwb (†Kvcy¨) KL‡bv KL‡bv gnov †k‡l e‡m _vK‡Zb Ges g‡Âi Ic‡i KvVwgw¯¿‡`i KvR †`L‡Zb| Zv‡`i KvRUv‡K Zuvi Kv‡Q g‡b n‡Zv msKíe×, Q›`gq I AZ¨šÍ AvšÍwiK| A_P gnovi mg‡q Awf‡bZv‡`i KvRUv‡K Zuvi Kv‡Q g‡b n‡Zv A¯^vfvweK Ges Zviv †hb †Rvi K‡i gnovUv Ki‡Q Ñ Zv‡`i †fZ‡i wkíKzkjZvi Afve i‡q‡Q|

†Kvcy¨ Zuvi fvebv¸‡jv‡K Kv‡R cwiYZ Kivi Rb¨ Zuvi bvU‡Ki ¯‹j z Uv‡K e¨envi K‡iwQ‡jb| cÖ_‡g wZwb QqRb‡K wb‡q ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb Ges Zuvi jÿ¨ wQj ZiæY‡`i cvkvcvwk eq¯‹‡`iI wZwb cÖwkÿY †`‡eb| Avm‡j †mB mgqUv‡Z †ek A‡bKfv‡eB wf‡quv Kjw¤^‡q n‡q c‡owQj bvU¨wkÿvi GKUv AbymiY‡hvM¨ †K‡›`ª, †hLv‡b cÖ‡hvRbv ˆZwii cÖwµqvUv †ek fv‡jvfv‡eB m¤úv`b nw”Qj| GB cÖwkÿY †K›`ªUv GLb m‡i G‡m‡Q k¨vZz `¨ †gv_vB‡j Ges bvgaviY K‡i‡Q †j †Kvwcqvm| †mB mgqKvi cÖ‡hvRbv¸‡jv‡Z K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i gy‡Lvk e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv, Avi cÖwkÿ‡Yi mgq †Kvcy¨i Awf‡bZv‡`i †ek K‡qKUv e¨vcv‡i `„wówbe× Ki‡Z n‡Zv : k¦vmcÖk¦vm, Zvj I kvixwiK KmiZ| G cÖm‡½ A¨vwjmb n‡Ri e¨vL¨v :

gy‡Lv‡ki ÿgZv m¤ú‡K© †Kvcy¨ †ek m‡PZb wQ‡jb, Avi GB m‡PZbZv Awf‡bZv‡`i cÖwkÿY Ges cvidig¨v‡Ýi †ÿ‡ÎI †`Lv †M‡Q, KviY †m mgqUv‡Z wZwb †µB‡Mi (GWIqvW© MW©b) m‡½ KvR KiwQ‡jb| GB gy‡Lv‡ki e¨vcviUv nVvr K‡iB Zvi Kv‡Ri †fZ‡i cÖ‡ek K‡iwQj| wZwb GKevi wf‡quv Kjw¤^‡q‡Z GKwU `„‡k¨i gnov KiwQ‡jb, †mB mgq Zvi GK Awf‡bÎx evievi GKB RvqMvq †_‡g hvw”Qj Ges bovPov Ki‡Z cviwQj bv Ñ nq‡Zv Zvi i³ PjvPj eÜ n‡q hvw”Qj, †Kvcy¨ GUv †`‡L †ek wbivk n‡q cowQ‡jb| Gici wZwb nVvr K‡i Zuvi iægvjUv w`‡q Awf‡bÎxi gyLUv †X‡K †`b Ges cÖvq m‡½ m‡½B Awf‡bÎxi kixiUv Kg©ÿg n‡q I‡V I PgrKvifv‡e Awfe¨w³ cÖKvk Ki‡Z _v‡K, Avm‡j Zvi gyLUvB Zv‡K evav w`w”Qj| GB wbixÿvUv c‡i ¯‹z‡ji wkÿv_x©‡`i g‡a¨I cÖ‡qvM Kiv nq, Ges G Kv‡R ZLb e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv gyL XvKvi †gvRv ev Kvco|

†Kvcy¨ gy‡Lvk e¨envi Ki‡Zb Zuvi Awf‡bZv‡`i cvidig¨v‡Ýi mgqUv‡Z Zv‡`i kixi‡K wbqš¿‡Yi myweav †`Iqvi Rb¨| wZwb †MBgm e¨envi Ki‡Zb, †hUv wQj †KB_ Rb÷‡bi Kv‡Ri GKUv c~ev© fvm| †Kvcy¨i ˆZwi

R¨vK †jKK

Kiv ÔAv`k© gy‡LvkÕ cieZx©Kv‡j wbi‡cÿ Awfe¨w³i gy‡Lvk ˆZwii Øvi Ly‡j w`‡qwQj, †hUv n‡q c‡owQj †jK‡Ki mgv_©K| GB mg¯Í ZË¡ I wg‡Pj †Wwb‡mi ZË¡B Bs‡iR‡`i Awfbq HwZ‡n¨i iƒcvšÍi NwU‡q‡Q, hv eZ©gv‡b Awf‡bZv‡`i bvU¨ cÖwkÿ‡Yi GKwU g~j Dcv`v‡b cwiYZ n‡q‡Q| 7. †jKK R¨vK †jKK gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi Ges Awf‡bZv‡`i cÖwkÿ‡Yi e¨vcv‡i †Kvcy¨i fvebv¸‡jv‡K Av‡iv mg„× K‡i‡Qb| Avi MW©b Zuvi `¨ cvc©vm Ae †cøBs : gWvb© A¨vKwUs w_Iwim Bb cvm©‡cw±f MÖ‡š’ wj‡L‡Qb Ñ


Rywj ZvBgi-wb‡`©wkZ jvqb wKs

c‡b‡iv eQi a‡i d«vÝ I weª‡U‡b bvU¨vwfbq, wb‡`©kbv I bvUK †jLvi †ÿ‡Î R¨vK †jK‡Ki wkÿKZv D‡jøL‡hvM¨ cÖfve †i‡L‡Q| wKš‘ BwZnv‡mi me‡P‡q cwinv‡mi e¨vcviUv n‡jv, †jK‡Ki AbycvÖ wYZ w_‡qUvi †Kv¤úvwb¸‡jv, †hgb Ñ jÛ‡bi w_‡qUvi wW KgwcømvBU 1980 I 1990 mv‡ji w`‡K †Kvcy¨i †gŠwjK ZË¡¸‡jv‡K Avev‡iv cÖeZ©b Ki‡Z †P‡qwQj weª‡U‡bi bvU¨wkÿvi †fZ‡i, †hUv wg‡Pj †mB›U-†Wwbm 1950 I 1960 mv‡ji w`‡K Ki‡Z †P‡qI cy‡ivcywi mdj n‡Z cv‡ibwb| †jKK wb‡RB †Kvcy¨i c×wZ¸‡jv wewfbœ wkÿ‡Ki KvQ †_‡K wk‡LwQ‡jb, huviv wf‡quv Kjw¤^‡q ev †Kv¤úvwb wW Kvb&‡Ri m`m¨ wQ‡jb|

†jKK †`‡LwQ‡jb †h, gy‡Lvk GKRb Awf‡bZv‡K †gwK ¯^fveev` †_‡K `~‡i mwi‡q ivL‡Z cv‡i Ges GKB m‡½ D™¢U I ev¯ÍeZv‡K †ei K‡i Avb‡Z cv‡i| g~j e¨vcviUv n‡jv Awf‡bZvwU †h Pwi‡Î cvidg© Ki‡Q, †m †hb †mUv m¤ú‡K© cy‡ivcywi m‡PZb _vK‡Z cv‡i| GKBfv‡e GB mgqKvi myRwy K I wcUvi eªæ‡Ki wPšÍvfvebvi g‡ZvB, †jKK Awf‡bZv‡`i Zv‡`i Avw`g ˆRe cÖK…wZi m‡½ cybivq hy³ Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb, Avi GUvi gva¨‡g Zv‡`i †evSv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb †h Zviv †Kv‡bvfv‡eB GKUv weg~Z© wbixÿvg~jK e¯‘ bq| cÖwkÿ‡Yi ïiæ‡Z Ab¨Zg †h e¨vcviUvi m‡½ †jKK Zuvi QvÎQvÎx‡`i cwiPq Kwi‡q w`‡Zb †mUv n‡jv


gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi, Avi GUv wQj c×wZMZ Ges wkÿvMZfv‡eB B‡¤úÖvfvB‡Rkb I bvU‡KiB GKUv Ask| G m¤ú‡K© MW©‡bi e¨vL¨v :

g~jZ Awf‡bZv‡K Zvi Pvicv‡ki RM‡Zi †fZ‡i D‡b¥vPb K‡i †`q gy‡Lvk| GUv Zv‡K D`&NvUb, Ams‡KvP Ges gyw³‡K MÖnY Kivi g‡Zv GKUv Ae¯’vq †cuŠ‡Q †`q| GUv Zv‡K ïiæi m‡ZRZvmnKv‡i Avw` Dcv`vb¸‡jv‡K †`Lv, †kvbv, Abyfe I ¯úk© Kivi my‡hvM †`q| Avcwb hLbB GKUv wbi‡cÿ Awfe¨w³i gy‡Lvk ci‡eb ZLbB g‡b n‡Z cv‡i †h, Avcwb GKUv PwiÎ MÖnY Ki‡Qb, wKš‘ Avm‡j Avcwb †Kv‡bv PwiÎ MÖnY Ki‡Qb bv, Avcwb cwiYZ n‡q‡Qb GKUv wbi‡cÿ mËvq|

†jK‡Ki wkÿY cÖwµqvi g~j e¨vcviUvB wQj wbi‡cÿ Awfe¨w³i gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi| †jKK I Avg‡j‡Zv mvi‡Zvwi wbixÿvg~jKfv‡e Pvgovi ˆZwi wbi‡cÿ gy‡Lvk e¨envi ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb, †hUv eZ©gvb hy‡MI cÖwkÿ‡Yi mgq e¨envi Kiv nq| Zuv‡`i `yR‡bi GB c`‡ÿcwU Pvgov w`‡q gy‡Lvk ˆZwii e¨vcviwU‡K cybivq cÖeZ©‡bi c_ †`wL‡q‡Q| GB gy‡Lvk¸‡jv Awfbq-cÖwkÿ‡Yi Rb¨ eZ©gv‡b e¨envi Kiv nq| GUv Awf‡bZv‡`i kvixwiK Kjv‡KŠk‡ji gva¨‡g ÁvbvR©b Ki‡Z mnvqZv K‡i, †hUv Zv‡`i gb¯ÍË¡‡KB wb‡`©k K‡i| †jK‡Ki fvebv¸‡jv wQj Avm‡j gvqvi‡nv‡ìi fvebviB cÖwZaŸwb| g„Zz¨i Av‡M †jKK ïay c¨vwi‡mi †fZ‡iB mycwiwPZ wQ‡jb, Z‡e g„Zz¨i c‡i Zuvi KvR wb‡q †jLv‡jwL ïiæ n‡Z _v‡K Ges Zuvi †jLv¸‡jvI cÖKvwkZ n‡Z _v‡K, d‡j wZwb mvivwe‡k¦i Kv‡QB AZ¨šÍ cwiwPZ n‡q I‡Vb| R¨vK †jK‡Ki cÖfvewe¯ÍviKvix c×wZ¸‡jv eZ©gv‡b †`Lv hvq gyf‡g›U cÖwkÿY Ges B‡¤úÖvfvB‡Rk‡bi wewfbœ Kv‡Ri ms‡hvMKvix wn‡m‡e, †hUv A‡÷ªwjqvq Av‡iv GKUz GwM‡q wb‡q †M‡Qb †KB_ Rb÷b Ges wjb wcqvm© Zuv‡`i w_‡qUvi †¯úvU©‡mi Kv‡Ri gva¨‡g| †jKK †hfv‡e gy‡Lvk e¨envi K‡i‡Qb †mUvi cÖfve cÖPzi cwigv‡Y c‡o‡Q bvU¨ cÖwkÿ‡Yi Ic‡i| †mB›U-†Wwb‡mi g‡ZvB, †hUv‡K wZwb e‡j‡Qb ÔdwjZ †KŠkjÕ, †mUv wbweofv‡e jvev‡bi Z‡Ë¡i Lye KvQvKvwQ g‡b n‡jI Ggb †Kv‡bv cÖgvY cvIqv hvqwb †h †jKK jvev‡bi ZË¡¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© Rv‡bb, eis †jK‡Ki ZË¡Uv Avm‡j †jKK wb‡RB ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb| K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z© wb‡q AvU eQi cixÿv-wbixÿv Kivi ci †jKK wb‡RB cÖwZôv K‡i‡Qb Ôwj‡Kvj B›Uvib¨vwkI‡bj †` w_qv‡Î R¨vK †jKKÕ| †jK‡Ki c×wZ¸‡jv jvev‡bi c×wZ¸‡jvi m‡½ wg‡j hvIqvUv Lye GKUv Avð‡h©i wKQy bq| wZwb ÔA¨v‡mvwm‡qkb Uªv‡fj GZ& KvjPv‡iÕ cvidigvi wn‡m‡e †hvM †`Iqvi Av‡M wQ‡jb GKRb µxov wkÿK| wØZxq wek¦hy‡×i c‡i BZvwj‡Z wZwb ivRbxwZ‡Z Rwo‡q c‡owQ‡jb Ges d¨vwmev`we‡ivax `k©‡b wek¦vmx wQ‡jb| gy‡Lvk wb‡q G mgqUv‡ZB wZwb AZ¨šÍ `ÿZvi cwiPq

w_‡qUvi `¨ †mv‡jB-cÖ‡hvwRZ Bwd‡Rwbqv wb‡`©kbv : Avwiqvb bykwKb

w`‡qwQ‡jb| Zvic‡i 1956 mv‡j c¨vwi‡m P‡j Av‡mb Ges †mLv‡bB Zuvi cÖ_g ¯‹zjUv Pvjy K‡ib| wdwjc †Mvwj‡q I gwbKv †cMwbDKm wQ‡jb Zuvi QvÎ| kixi wb‡q KZfv‡e †Ljv hvq Ges Kxfv‡e GUv‡K wbqš¿Y Kiv hvq, Gme wb‡q Zuviv wZbRb GK‡Î KvR K‡i‡Qb| †cMwbDKm Aek¨ cieZx© mg‡q wcUvi eªæ‡Ki m‡½ KvR Kivi Rb¨ wmAvBAviwU‡Z P‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb Ges Gic‡i wZwb Kgwcøwm‡Ui m‡½I KvR K‡i‡Qb| †jK‡Ki µgvMZ cÖfve Ges †Kvcy¨ I gvqvi‡nv‡ìi


cÖ‡Póv Ges †mBm‡½ Av‡iv A‡b‡Ki cÖ‡Póv, huviv Zuv‡`i ü`‡q kvixwiK w_‡qUvi‡K aviY K‡ib, Zuv‡`i Kvi‡YB w_‡qUv‡i kixi‡K e¨envi Kivi †h we‡ivwaZv wQj †mUv `~i n‡q †M‡Q| wK‡d I gvwi m¤úvw`Z wdwRK¨vj w_‡qUvm© : Av wµwUK¨vj wiWv‡i GB weKí aviv m¤ú‡K© GKUv eY©bv cvIqv hvq :

†jKK, †cMwbDKm I †Mvwj‡q ÔcÖwkÿ‡YÕi GKwU weKí aib Dc¯’vcb K‡iwQ‡jb Ôc×wZÕ I ÔcÖYvjxÕ †_‡K Ges Zv‡`i Abymvixiv wb‡R‡`i‡K wb‡qvM K‡iwQj gb¯ÍË¡ I †cÖiYv wb‡q KvR Kivi w`‡K : GUv Ggb GKUv e¨vcvi †hUv AZ¨šÍ Mfx‡i Ae¯’vb K‡i, †hUv cvðv‡Z¨ AZUv cwiwPZ bq|

8. Avwiqvb bykwKb I Rywj ZvBgi Avwiqvb bykwKb I Rywj ZvBgi (Zuviv `yR‡bB Ôwj‡Kvj B›Uvib¨vwkI‡bj †` w_qv‡Î R¨vK †jK‡KÕ cov‡kvbv K‡i‡Qb), Zuv‡`i KvR¸‡jvB Avm‡j eZ©gv‡b gy‡Lvk wb‡q wewfbœ cvidig¨vÝ I cÖwkÿY c×wZi g~j cÖwZg~wZ©| ZvBg‡ii KvR¸‡jv‡Z _v‡K AmvaviY GK bv›`wbK wPÎKí| Zuvi me‡P‡q mdj cÖ‡hvRbv jvqb wKs‡q †`Lv hvq gy‡Lvk I Ava¨vwZ¥KZvi AZ¨šÍ PgrKvi wgkÖY| ZvBg‡ii KvR¸‡jv gvqvi‡nvì I †eªLU‡KB g‡b Kwi‡q †`q| Avi Zuvi KvR¸‡jv‡Z AZ¨šÍ `ÿZvi m‡½ wPwÎZ GKUv mywPwšÍZ Kb÷ªvKwUwf÷ ÷vBj _v‡K, †hUv `k©K

†m›Uvi di Gwkqvb w_‡qUvi (wmGwU)-cÖ‡hvwRZ bvUK `¨ wgkb wb‡`©kbv : KvgvjDwÏb bxjy


w`wjø b¨vkbvj ¯‹zj Ae Wªvgv-cÖ‡hvwRZ bvUK b¨vwUfwc‡qi wb‡`©kbv : KvgvjDwÏb bxjy

MÖnY K‡i‡Qb Ges mgv‡jvPKivI cQ›` K‡i‡Qb| G cÖm‡½ DBb¯‹U I †d¬Pvi gZ :

ZvBgi †P‡qwQ‡jb Ggb GKUv Dc¯’vcb‡hvM¨ †mU, †hUv †m‡Ui Av‡iv K‡qKwU As‡ki PjvP‡j evav m„wó Ki‡e bv ev cv‡cU¸‡jv‡KI wVKg‡Zv KvR Ki‡Z †`‡e| Avi Gi d‡j m„wó n‡qwQj GKUv Rv`yKix cwi‡ekbv|

bykwKb cÖPÐfv‡e AbycÖvwYZ n‡q‡Qb †jKK, †Kvcy¨ I gvqvi‡nv‡ìi gva¨‡g| Avi G Kvi‡YB w_‡q‡Î `y¨ †mv‡jB‡qi cwiPvjK _vKvKv‡j wZwb Zuvi cÖ‡hvRbv¸‡jv‡Z cÖPzi cwigv‡Y A™¢zZ Ges K‡gwWqv ÷vBj e¨envi

K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi GiKgB GKUv cÖ‡hvRbvi bvg n‡jv 1789| nR ej‡Qb, ÔbykwKb Zuvi mviv Kg©Rxe‡b `k©K I Awf‡bZv‡`i g‡a¨i wewbgq‡K cybiæ¾xweZ Kivi c_ Ly‡u R †M‡Qb, Avi G Kvi‡YB wZwb mgv‡Ri cÖvmw½K I GKvšÍ cÖ‡qvRbxq welqe¯‘¸‡jv‡K †e‡Q wb‡qwQ‡jb| bykwK‡bi KvR¸‡jv Avm‡j cvidig¨v‡Ýi Dr‡mi w`‡K `„wó w`Z, bvUKxqZvi gva¨‡g `k©K‡`i gvby‡li Mí ejZ| G‡ÿ‡Î bykwK‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨i m‡½ wgj Lyu‡R cvIqv hvq eviev, eªæK I †MÖv‡Uvw¯‹i cÖ‡hvRbv msµvšÍ Av`‡k©i m‡½| Avi Zuv‡`i g‡ZvB bykwKb AbycÖvwYZ n‡q‡Qb K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i kvixwiK Kjv‡KŠkj Ges wek¦ bvU¨PP©vi gva¨‡g| me‡P‡q D‡jøL‡hvM¨ e¨vcviUv n‡jv,


bykwKb bvU¨wkÿvi G‡Kev‡i †K‡›`ª †i‡L‡Qb gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi| bykwK‡bi cÖ‡hvRbvq GKRb Awfbqwkíxi †Kv‡bv GKUv Pwi·K aviY Kivi Rb¨ †mB PwiÎwUi kvixwiK Kjv‡KŠkj I kvixwiK mÿgZv AR©b Ki‡Z cÖvq GK gvm †j‡M †hZ| †ewkifvM †ÿ‡ÎB bykwKb K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i gy‡Lvk Ges †MÖv‡Uvw¯‹ I gvqvi‡nv‡ìi kixiwelqK M‡elYvjä fvebv¸‡jv‡K mgš^q Kivi †Póv K‡i‡Qb| G wel‡q wK‡d I gvwii gZvgZ : we‡kl K‡i bykwK‡bi †ÿ‡Î, memgqB K_v I Kv‡Ri g‡a¨ GKUv A½xKvi wQj : ...D™¢vebx ÿgZv‡K Kv‡R jvMv‡Z n‡e; w_‡qUvi‡K †`L‡Z n‡e `„k¨MZ, kixiMZ I Avwš¿KMZfv‡e, cy‡ivcywi mvwn‡Z¨i Av‡jv‡K bq...w_‡qUv‡ii GKmgqKvi ÔRbwcÖqÕ Ges ivR‰bwZK GB Dfq aib‡KB g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e; Awfbq Ges cwi‡ekbvi RbwcÖq aib¸‡jvi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q Ñ gy‡Lvk, fuvo Ges mvK©v‡mi g‡Zv Kjv‡KŠkj|

wZwb gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi cÖ_g ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb Zuvi eû Av‡Mi GKwU KvR KvwcZvb d«vKv‡m bvU‡K, †mLv‡b wZwb e¨envi K‡iwQ‡jb K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i gy‡Lvk, cieZ©x mg‡q jv GBR wWÕIi bvU‡KI wZwb GB gy‡Lvk e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| GB bvU‡K wZwb evgcš’x ivRbxwZ‡K Zz‡j a‡iwQ‡jb Ges d«v‡Ý ivRbxwZi Kvi‡Y hviv †`kZ¨vM K‡iwQj Zv‡`i K_v e‡jwQ‡jb, Avi GB Kv‡R wZwb e¨envi K‡iwQ‡jb HwZn¨evnx K‡gwWqvi PwiÎ| bykwKb Aby‡cÖiYv jvf K‡i‡Qb gvqvi‡nv‡ìi KvQ †_‡K, we‡kl K‡i Zuvi GKwU cÖ‡hvRbv †dqviMÖvDÛ ey_ †_‡K| bykwKb 1980 I 1990 mv‡ji w`‡K Zuvi Av‡iv K‡qKwU cÖ‡hvRbvq gy‡Lv‡ki wewfbœ dg© e¨envi K‡iwQ‡jb, we‡kl K‡i wmûK Ges `¨ I‡iw÷qv cÖ‡hvRbv `y‡Uvi K_v ejvB hvq| bykwK‡bi †ÿ‡Î bvU‡Ki gnov I cÖ`k©bx Dfq RvqMvqB gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi wQj Acwinvh©| Kg©kvjvq Ges B‡¤úÖvfvB‡Rk‡bi mgq bykwKb Awf‡bZv‡`i my‡hvM K‡i w`‡Zb Ggbfv‡e, †hb Zviv gy‡LvkUv e¨envi K‡i wb‡R‡`i cÖKZ … fv‡e Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z cv‡i| Kw÷Dg I gyf‡g‡›Ui †ÿ‡ÎI wZwb Awf‡bZv‡`i GKB K_v ej‡Zb, †hb Zviv hZUv e¨envi Ki‡Z cvi‡e wVK ZZUvB †hb Awf‡bZviv MÖnY K‡i, Zvi AwZwi³ wKQy bq| Awf‡bZviv ZLb Zv‡`i g‡Zv K‡i mewKQy e¨envi K‡i cÖ‡hvRbvwUi `„k¨¸‡jv ˆZwi KiZ| Z‡e g~j welqe¯‘ wba©viY K‡i w`‡Zb bykwKb wb‡RB| bykwKb cÖvP¨ I cvðv‡Z¨i ms¯‹w… Z‡K hy³ K‡i‡Qb Zuvi Uz‡qjd_ bvBU I †j Avw·` bvU‡K| GB ai‡bi bvUK ˆZwi K‡i eªæK I evievÕI A‡bK cÖksmv AR©b K‡i‡Qb Ges cÖfvweZI K‡i‡Qb Ab¨‡`i| eªæK Zuvi AvšÍtmvs¯‹w… ZK fvebv¸‡jv Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb Zuvi `¨ evW©m Ges `¨ gnvfviZ bvU‡K| Z‡e G‡ÿ‡Î GKUz ZK© n‡Z cv‡i †h GB bvUK¸‡jv hZUv bv AvšÍtmvs¯‹…wZK fvebv AvwkÖZ, ZZUvB Avm‡j GKUv mvs¯‹…wZK AvMÖvmb| hvB †nvK, GKvwaK

mvs¯‹…wZK HwZ‡n¨i ¯^xK…wZ Ges we‡kl K‡i GB ai‡bi cÖ‡hvRbvq gy‡Lv‡ki e¨enviUv Av‡iKwU `„wó‡KvY †_‡K †`Lv †h‡Z cv‡i †h GwU Avm‡j GKwU Acwðgv ms¯‹w… ZiI ˆeaZvi ¯^xK…wZ, †hUv wbR I A‡b¨i g‡a¨i m¤úK©Uv wb‡q AZ¨šÍ we¯Í…Zfv‡e Av‡jvPbvi my‡hvM K‡i w`‡”Q| wewfbœ ai‡bi ms¯‹…wZ-AvwkÖZ gy‡Lv‡ki wewfbœ dg© e¨envi KivUv Awfbqwkíx I `k©K‡`i †ÿ‡ÎI AvZ¥-cÖwZdj‡bi GKUv my‡hvM ˆZwi K‡i †`q| DwjøwLZ bvU¨ wb‡`©kKiv cvidig¨vÝ I gnovq gy‡Lv‡ki e¨envi K‡i bvU¨ mgv‡jvPK‡`i †Pv‡L eûjfv‡e cÖkswmZ n‡q‡Qb Ges bvU¨cÖwµqv I bvU¨ cÖ‡hvRbvi †ÿ‡Î Av`k© n‡q Av‡Qb| GUv Lye ¯úó, wewkó Ges m„Rbkxj bvU¨ wb‡`©kKiv memgqB Zuv‡`i Kv‡Ri ga¨ w`‡q GUv cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb †h, gy‡Lvk ïay AvaywbK hy‡Mi Awf‡bZv‡`i cÖwkÿ‡Yi †ÿ‡ÎB cÖvmw½K bq, eis GUv cÖwkÿY cÖwµqv‡KI mg„× K‡i| GKwesk kZvãx‡Z MYgva¨g I we‡bv`‡bi Ab¨vb¨ gva¨‡gi µgvMZ Pv‡ci gy‡LI hw` w_‡qUvi PP©v‡K cÖvmw½K Ki‡Z nq, Zvn‡j Avgv‡`i‡K GKUz AZx‡Zi w`‡K ZvKv‡Z n‡e, Avi Zvn‡jB Avgiv fwel¨‡Zi c_Uv Lyu‡R cve Ges Ae¨vnZfv‡e w_‡qUv‡i bZzb bZzb Dcv`vb †hvM Ki‡Z cvie I GUv‡Z bZzbfv‡e kw³ mÂvi Ki‡Z cvie| Avi gy‡LvkB GUv m¤¢e K‡i Zzj‡e| kvixwiK w_‡qUvi wb‡q huviv †jLv‡jwL K‡ib, †hgb, †Rvbv_b wc‡Pm, †gj MW©b Ges Av‡iv Ab¨vb¨ †jL‡Ki †jLv wb‡q Rb wKwd I mvBgb gvwi GKwU eB wj‡L‡Qb wdwRK¨vj w_‡qUvm© : Av wµwUK¨vj wiWvi bv‡g| GUv Lye gRvi †h, GB eBUvi †ewkifvM †jLvB †Kvcy¨ I †jK‡Ki QvÎQvÎx‡`i †K›`ª K‡iB, wKsev ejv hvq †jLv¸‡jv gy‡Lvk‡K Awf‡bZv ˆZwii gva¨g wn‡m‡e Zz‡j aivi GKUv ewntcÖKvk| Z‡e GKwesk kZvãxi cÖ‡hvRbv¸‡jvi Rb¨ bvU¨ cÖwkÿ‡Yi GKUv gva¨g wn‡m‡e gy‡Lv‡ki MfxiZv ev Av‡e`b Avm‡jB KZUv Av‡Q? jÿ K‡i †`Lv †M‡Q †h, wesk kZvãxi A‡bK weL¨vZ bvU¨ wb‡`©kK bvU¨ cÖ‡hvRbv I bvU¨ cÖwkÿ‡Yi Rb¨ cÖPzi gy‡Lvk e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| myZivs Gme we‡ePbv K‡iB ejv hvq †h, cieZx© cÖR‡b¥i bvU¨Kgx© Ges bvU¨ wkÿvcÖwZôv‡bi GLbB DwPZ n‡e GKwesk kZvãxi AZ¨šÍ m„Rbkxj I cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jK w_‡qUv‡ii Rb¨ gy‡Lvk‡K GKUv Awfbq gva¨g wn‡m‡e cybtcÖeZ©b Kiv Ges †mUv‡K wbqwgZ e¨envi Kiv| mgvwßK_b GZÿY a‡i Avwg wek^ Z_v cvðvZ¨ w_‡qUv‡ii g‡a¨ gy‡Lvk‡K m‡½ wb‡q †Nviv‡div Kijvg, ejvi †Póv Kijvg w_‡qUv‡ii bvbviƒ‡ci g‡a¨ Kxfv‡e Gi emevm, bvbvfv‡e Gi e¨envi I cÖ‡qvRbxqZvi K_v Zz‡j aijvg| wfbœ wfbœfv‡e Gi cÖ‡qv‡Mi e¨vL¨v †`Iqvi †Póv Kijvg| †Kb Ges Kxfv‡e c„w_exi, we‡kl K‡i cvðv‡Z¨i bvU¨ wb‡`©kK I cvidigviiv Gi †KŠkjUv‡K iß Kivi cvkvcvwk G‡K


†m›Uvi di Gwkqvb w_‡qUvi (wmGwU)-cÖ‡hvwRZ bvUK `¨ KwgDwb‡KUi wb‡`©kbv : KvgvjDwÏb bxjy

e¨envi K‡i Zuv‡`i ˆkwíK KvR¸‡jv‡K A_©c~Y© K‡i Zz‡j‡Qb : KL‡bv Zuviv gy‡Lvk‡K bvU¨µxovi GKUv †KŠkj wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡i‡Qb; KL‡bvev wmwbK wWfvB‡mi Ask wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡i bvU¨ cÖKv‡ki fvlvi GKUv AwZwi³ gvÎv †`Iqvi †Póv K‡i‡Qb; KL‡bvev gy‡Lvk‡K ivR‰bwZK †KŠkj wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡i‡Qb; KL‡bv Avevi mgv‡Ri ÿgZvmxb Pwiθ‡jv‡K e¨½vZ¥Kfv‡e `k©‡Ki gv‡S nvwRi K‡i‡Qb, K‡gwWqv †`j Av‡Z©i AbyKi‡Y| KL‡bvev ivóªh‡š¿i evK&¯v^ axbZvi wbqš¿‡Yi nvwZqvi ÔAby‡gv`b-AvwaKvwiK Kg©Õ‡K Avovj Kivi j‡ÿ¨| KL‡bvev e¨envi K‡i‡Qb Awfb‡qi DrKl© mva‡bi R‡b¨ ev Awfb‡qi c×wZMZ cÖwkÿ‡Yi Kv‡R|

bvbvfv‡e bvbvavivq †mB cÖvPxb hy‡Mi w_‡qUvi †_‡K G‡Kev‡i mgKvjxb w_‡qUv‡i eûgvÎvq gy‡Lv‡ki cÖ‡qvM‰kjx Avgiv †`L‡Z †cjvg, †`L‡Z †cjvg gy‡Lvk Kx K‡i Zvi wbR¯^ kw³ e‡j wb‡RB GKUv ¯^Zš¿¨ wkígva¨g n‡q I‡V| GKRb wek¦ w_‡qUv‡ii Kg©kxj cwieªvRK nIqvi Kvi‡Y Avgv‡K Nyi‡Z n‡q‡Q, KvR Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q Gwkqv, Avwd«Kv, K¨vwiweqv, jvwZb Av‡gwiKv, DËi Av‡gwiKv †_‡K BD‡iv‡ci wewfbœ †`k I ms¯‹w… Zi g‡a¨| gy‡Lvkwbf©i bvbv †`‡ki cvidig¨v‡Ýi gy‡LvgywL n‡Z n‡q‡Q| GUv Avgvi wek^vm †h, Avgvi w_‡qUv‡ii wkí‡KŠkj I Awfe¨w³ m¤ú‡K© huv‡`i wKQyUv aviYv Av‡Q wbðqB Zuv‡`i gvbmcU †_‡K Gi cÖ‡qv‡Mi †KŠkj I cÖwZ”Qwe gy‡Q hvqwb|


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mgKvjxb ivRbxwZi S‡ov evZvm Xz‡K c‡o‡Q Ges co‡Q Pig `wÿYej‡qi g‡a¨| †h ivRbxwZi Gwc‡m›Uv‡i NvcwU †g‡i Av‡Q cyuwR, ag©, MYZš¿ I RvZxqZvev`; Avi †mB Kvi‡Y GB mgv‡Ri Amv¤úª`vwqK kixi AvR i³v³| G †hb †kKmwcqv‡ii wKs wjqvi bvU‡Ki msjvc : hLb cvMj A܇K c_ †`Lvq, ZLbB gnvgvwi‡Z AvµvšÍ nq mgq!

GUv Avgv‡`i gvb‡ZB n‡e †h MYZ‡š¿i ej ga¨we‡Ëi nvZ †_‡K Qy‡U †ewi‡q c‡o‡Q! MYZš¿, RvZxqZvev` I †gvjøvZš¿ GLb cuywRi g‡a¨ wg‡jwg‡k GKvKvi n‡q c‡o‡Q| G¨v‡jb ew`Di fvlvq ej‡Z nq, RbMY GLb †kÖwY‡Z wef³, †kÖwY GLb ivR‰bwZK †bZv‡`i Aaxb¯Í Ges ivR‰bwZK `j¸‡jv GLb GK †bZvi ûKz‡g PvwjZ| d‡j msNl© Aek¨¤¢vex n‡q c‡o‡Q we‡eKewR©Z i½g‡Â! cvjvi PwiÎ iwe VvKz‡ii `v`v VvKzi Avi my‡i Mvb MvB‡e bv, Mvb euva‡e bv L¨vcv evDj wÎw`e `w¯Í`vi Ñ †bvsiv f‚wg‡Z Do‡Q cZvKv Xv‡Ki kã †X‡K hvq Avgv‡`i `y‡e©v× K_vevZ©vq kvmbh‡š¿i †K‡›`ª cÖwZcvjb Ki‡ev ˆbiv‡k¨i MwYKve„wË we‡`ªv‡ni i‡³ fvm‡ev Avgiv!

Avgiv Ggb GK mg‡qi g‡a¨ AvU‡K c‡owQ hLb Avgv‡`i gyL¸‡jv †X‡K †i‡L‡Q wewPÎ me i‡Oi gy‡Lvk Ges G‡`i‡K m‡½ wb‡q Avgiv †nu‡U P‡jwQ A™¢zZ GK mg‡qi g‡a¨| GUv Ggb GK mgq hLb gy‡Lvk Avgv‡`i kix‡ii Pvgovi m‡½ AvU‡K c‡o‡Q, kix‡ii Pvgov bv Qvov‡bv Aewa G gy‡Lvk KL‡bvB Ly‡j †djv m¤¢e bq|

Avwg fxZ bB wKš‘ kw¼Z| kw¼Z †`‡ki ivRbxwZi bZzb Rv`yi ev· wb‡q| †h Rv`yi ev‡· ew›` n‡q c‡o‡Q ˆbwZKZv I A‰bwZKZv| wcÖq Kwe I bvU¨Kvi wf±i û‡Mv †ek Rg‡ck GKUv e¨vL¨v `uvo Kwi‡qwQ‡jb G cÖm‡½ :

cÖkœ AvmvUv ¯^vfvweK, †Kb? Avgv‡`i w_‡qUv‡i gy‡Lv‡ki ¸iæZ¡ KZLvwb, Avi †KbBev GUv‡K wb‡q evievi K_v ejwQ? AvR‡Ki w_‡qUv‡ii PP©v I cÖ‡hvRbvi †ÿ‡Î ev w_‡qUvi wkÿv Kvh©µ‡g gva¨g wn‡m‡e gy‡Lv‡ki MfxiZv ev cÖ‡qvRbxqZv KZUv Av‡Q, Gi DËi Avwg Lye †Rv‡ii m‡½B ejwQ Ñ eZ©gvbKv‡ji wek^ Z_v †`‡ki ivRbxwZi †cÖÿvc‡U gy‡Lvk Avgv‡`i fwel¨r w_‡qUv‡ii cÖavb I Ab¨Zg evnb n‡q DV‡e| AvR Avgiv Ggb GKUv †`k-Kv‡ji g‡a¨ Xz‡K c‡owQ †hLv‡b w_‡qUvi‡K ivRbxwZi gy‡LvgywL n‡Z GB evnbwU kw³kvjx iƒcK wn‡m‡e KvR Ki‡e| KvR Ki‡e GKwU weKí avivi w_‡qUvi ˆZwi Ki‡Z| Avgiv hw` ÁvbZË¡ I `k©‡bi †PvL w`‡q †`‡ki ivRbxwZi GKUv we‡kølYvZ¥K Dcmsnv‡i †cuŠQ‡Z PvB, Z‡e GUv ej‡ZB nq †h †`k I RvwZi mvg‡b A‡cÿv Ki‡Q P‚ovšÍ msNl©| †hUv‡K Avgiv mf¨Zvi msNl© ej‡Z cvwi| Avgv‡`i AvR‡K eyS‡Z n‡e †h ms¯‹w… Zi iƒc ev Aeqe GB msN‡l©i †K›`ªwe›`yi g~j-ZK© n‡q DV‡Q Ges fwel¨‡ZI DV‡e| ms¯‹…wZi †mB iƒ‡ci g‡a¨B emevm Avgv‡`i Aw¯Í‡Z¡i, Avgv‡`i RvZxqZvev‡`i| hvi m‡½ hy³ n‡q Av‡Q evOvwj RvwZmËv(?)! Avgv‡`i eyS‡Z n‡e †h evsjv‡`‡ki

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ˆbwZKZv GKUv QÙ‡ek, A‰bwZKZv Ñ gy‡Lvk|

mKj wKQyB mZ¨, Ges †Kv‡bv wKQyB mZ¨ bq!

GLb cÖkœ Avmv ¯^vfvweK †h GB iKg weåvwšÍg~jK ivR‰bwZK Ae¯’vi g‡a¨ Av‡`Š wK Avgiv Avgv‡`i RxešÍ wkígva¨g¸‡jv‡K euvPv‡Z cvie? Avi euvPv‡Z cvi‡jI Gi ¯^iƒcUvB ev †Kgb n‡e? GB cÖkœ ïay Avgv‡`i bq, mvivwe‡k^i w_‡qUvi dg© Z_v wjwfs AvU© d‡g©i wewfbœ kvLvi wkíx‡`i Kv‡Q, †h‡nZz c„w_ex AvR AvµvšÍ : ¯^vMZg, i³v³ aŸsm-msnvi Avwg †`wL, gvbwP‡Î, mg¯Í KYvi webvk!

wek^mf¨Zv hLb msK‡U ZLb wK w_‡qUvi wbðzc _vK‡e? bvwK Zvi Avcb kw³ wb‡q ev‡qvcwjwUK‡mi gy‡LvgywL n‡e? n


µv‡Pi K‡b©j

bvUK hLb cÖkœwPýI e‡U Asïgvb †fŠwgK

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Shilpa O Shilpi Vol 7 Issue 1 December 2017  
Shilpa O Shilpi Vol 7 Issue 1 December 2017  
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