{' '} {' '}
Limited time offer
SAVE % on your upgrade.

Page 1


cÖ”Q`-cwiwPwZ m~ wP c Î

weRq

ev

sjv‡`‡ki gywó‡gq †h-KRb wkíx AvšÍR©vwZK wkív½‡b L¨vwZ I mybvg AR©b Ki‡Z mg_© n‡q‡Qb kvnveywÏb Zuv‡`i GKRb| Zuvi m„wó‡Z evOvwji `xN©w`‡bi msMÖvg, HwZn¨ I RxebPh©v bvbv `„wó‡KvY †_‡K cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q| we‡klZ evOvwji AnsKvi I Me© gyw³hy‡×i `xß †PZbv‡K wfwË K‡i wZwb wPÎ A¼b K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi ü`‡q gyw³hy‡×i Awebvkx †PZbv I hy×w`‡bi ¯§„wZ GL‡bv D¾¡j| Zuvi m„Rbwµqvi †K‡›`ª w¯’Z n‡q Av‡Q gyw³hy× I gyw³‡hv×v| GQvov cvwK¯Ívwb‡`i wbg©g MYnZ¨vI welq wn‡m‡e D‡V G‡m‡Q| GKvˇii mk¯¿ gyw³hy‡× GB wkíx mivmwi AskMÖnY K‡i‡Qb| GB AskMÖnYB wkíx kvnveywχbi m„Rbavivq eûfvebv wb‡q wbZ¨ cÖwZwew¤^Z n‡”Q| †m-mg‡q wZwb ch©‡eÿY K‡i‡Qb evOvwji AwgZ mvnm I †kŠh©| Zuvi wP‡Î gyw³‡hv×vi AwekÖvg c_Pjv I MwZ Awbt‡kl kw³ wb‡q cÖwZdwjZ nq| GB MwZ I kw³ Zuvi wP‡Îi †ev‡a me©`vB bexb gvÎv ms‡hvRb K‡i| Zvi m‡½ hy³ nq wkwíZ‡ev‡ai D™¢veb‰bcyY¨| cÖ”Q‡`i †ZjiswU ZviB D`vniY| G-wPÎwU 1998 mv‡j AuvKv| kvnveywÏb 1973 mv‡j PviæKjv Bbw÷wUDU †_‡K mœvZK nb| †m-eQiB divwm miKv‡ii e„wË wb‡q D”PZi wkÿvMÖn‡Yi R‡b¨ wZwb c¨vwim Mgb K‡ib| c¨vwi‡m Aa¨qb Zuvi wkícÖKiY I ˆkjx‡K bvbvfv‡e mg„× K‡i| †mLvbKvi wkí‡ev×v gn‡ji `„wó AvKl©‡Y wZwb mg_© nb| †`‡k-we‡`‡k eû cyi¯‹vi I m¤§v‡b wZwb f‚wlZ n‡q‡Qb| GLb wZwb c¨vwimevmx| wkíx kvnveywÏb 1950 mv‡j XvKvq Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| cÖ”Q‡`i wPÎKg©wUi msMÖvnK Aveyj Lv‡qi|

cÖ e Ü 61 AveyeKi wmwÏK : eûgyLx cÖwZfvi cÖwZf‚ l †gvnv¤§v` RqbyÏxb 103 Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi cÖ”Q`wP‡Îi A‡š^l‡Y : GKwU Rwic (DrmM© : gynv¤§` Rvnv½x‡ii ¯§„wZ‡Z) l f‚Bu qv BKevj †Qv U M í 74 A‡Ü«i Aáiv l eyjeb Imgvb 78 Kv‡qg †gvjøvi Ni l ˆk‡jb miKvi 84 ¸R‡ei Mu¨vov l gCb †kL 90 M„nhy‡×i weeiY l †mŠif PµeZx© A by ev` M í 96 njy` KzKiz / g~j : Bb‡ZRvi û‡mBb l Abyev` : mv‡jn dzqv` K we Zv 65-72 †ng‡šÍi welv` c`¨ : f‚Rcyi l dviæK AvjgMxi/ AvR †fv‡i l †MŠZg nvRiv/ K¨vmv›`ªv l Zvbfxi †gvKv‡¤§j/ `~‡ii hvÎv l †mŠwfK †iRv/ Kó †c‡j Kuv`‡eb bv : wPwKrmvcÎ 1 l †gv¯Ídv ZvwiKzj Avnmvb/ g„Zz¨ I Rv`yev¯ÍeZv l mywnZv myjZvbv/ Li‡iŠ‡`ªi Kiv‡Z l nvwdR iwk` Lvb/ Db¥~j gvby‡li Mí l †kjx †mb¸ßv/ †Mviv evRv‡ii Kv‡Q l mg‡ik gy‡Lvcva¨vq/ †jwjnvb mva l †mŠg¨ mv‡jK/ nvjbvMv` l †iRvDj Kvixg/ ¯^‡cœi †P‡q eo l myRb nvRvix/ b‡Li AuvP‡o wnsmªZv l bvmixb bCg/ g„Z‡K wb‡q wLwjø Ki‡Z †bB l †`evwkm jvnv/ `xcÖ Aÿ‡iiv l PvYK¨ ev‰o wP Î K jv 108 GKvˇii DËvc wb‡q ex‡ib †mv‡gi wPÎKjv l Rvwn` gy¯Ívdv 110 †e½j wkívj‡q †e½j Bbw÷wUD‡Ui cÖ`k©bx : bMibvgv l †gvevwk¦i Avjg gRyg`vi 112 Kjv‡K‡›`ª Avwd«`v ZvbwRg gvwni cÖ`k©bx : weg~Z© cwiÎvY l emšÍ ivq †PŠayix av iv ev wn K D c b¨v m 114 A¨v‡gwjqv l wZ‡jvËgv gRyg`vi ¯§ i Y 126 lv‡Ui Kwe nvqvr mvBd : GKwU DcµgwYKv l dqRyj jwZd †PŠayix P j w”P Î 131 KjKvZv AvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎ-Drme 25 l PÐx gy‡Lvcva¨vq eBcÎ 135 Avjv‡c-Avjvc‡b †mvbvi dmj l AvLZvi û‡mb

†jLv cvVvevi I †hvMv‡hv‡Mi wVKvbv : m¤úv`K, Kvwj I Kjg, kvnvbv, evwo 75/G, moK 12/G (bZzb), avbgwÐ, XvKv 1209, evsjv‡`k| †dvb : 55 000601-602| Kvwj I Kj‡g cvVv‡bv iPbvi m‡½ wVKvbv I †Uwj‡dvb b¤^i †`Iqvi Rb¨ Aby‡iva Kiv †Mj| †e½j cvewj‡Kkb&m wjwg‡U‡Wi c‡¶ Aveyj Lv‡qi KZ…K © Kzkj †m›Uvi, cøU­ 29, †m±i 3, DËiv Av/G, XvKv-1230 †_‡K cÖKvwkZ Ges Gg †K wcÖ›Uvm© A¨vÛ c¨v‡KwRs, 189/G †ZRMuvI wk/G, XvKv-1208 †_‡K gyw`ªZ| weÁvc‡bi Rb¨ †hvMv‡hvM : 01711 140137| MÖvnK msµvšÍ wel‡q †hvMv‡hvM : 01844 050621| B-†gBj : mail@kaliokalam.com| I‡qe : www.kaliokalam.com

2


cÖKvkK Aveyj Lv‡qi m¤úv`KgÐjxi mfvcwZ Avwbmy¾vgvb m¤úv`K Aveyj nvmbvZ m¤úv`KgÐjx myeªZ eo–qv iæex ingvb jyfv bvwn` †PŠayix

mvwnZ¨ wkí ms¯‹…wZ welqK gvwmK cwÎKv

†lvok el© : GKv`k msL¨v l †cŠl 1426 : wW‡m¤^i 2019

7-39

we

MZ b‡f¤^i gv‡mi 26 ZvwiL †fv‡i Rxebvemvb N‡U‡Q Kwe I ¯’cwZ iweDj nymvB‡bi| ¯’vcZ¨PP©v I Kve¨mvabvi †mvbvwj Avb›` ey‡K wb‡q GKwU Rxeb AwZevwnZ K‡i‡Qb wZwb; `ywU †ÿ‡ÎB Zuvi AR©b cÖksmvab¨ I cÖkœvZxZ| Kvwj I Kj‡gi GB msL¨vq GKwU Ask wb‡ew`Z n‡q‡Q Zuvi cÖwZ kÖ×vÄwj wn‡m‡e| Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi wb‡Ri †jLv wKQy KweZv Ges Kwe-¯’cwZi ¯§i‡Y iwPZ bqwU iPbv Dc¯’vwcZ n‡q‡Q G As‡k Zuvi PP©v I Rxebhvcb m¤ú‡K© wKQyUv Av‡jvKcv‡Zi D‡Ïk¨ wb‡q|

/kaliokalam

42-60

P

‡j †M‡jb bebxZv †`e‡mb| huviv Zuv‡K wPb‡Zb Ges Zuvi mvwnZ¨Kg© I Av‡jvK`xß Ab¨vb¨ iPbvi m‡½ cwiwPZ wQ‡jb, Zuviv wbtmsk‡q Abyfe I Dcjwä K‡i‡Qb Zuvi cÖwZfv I cÖvYv‡e‡Mi Avðh© kw³| bebxZv †`e‡mb‡K wb‡q †jLv Kwe A‡jvKiÄb `vk¸‡ßi GKwU KweZv QvovI kÖ×vÄwji GB c‡e© i‡q‡Q PviwU M`¨iPbv, hv GB AmvaviY cÖwZfvgqx gvbylwUi e¨w³Z¡ I m„wó‡K `xß K‡i Zzj‡Z cv‡i e‡j Avgv‡`i g‡b nq| Avcbvi ¯§vU©‡dv‡b wKDAvi †KvW e¨envi Ki‡Z PvB‡j cÖ_‡gB ¸Mj †cø‡÷vi A_ev A¨vcj †÷vi †_‡K webvg~‡j¨i wKDAvi mdUIq¨vi (†hgb : I-NIGMA BARCODE SCANNER) Bb÷j Kiæb| Gici mdUIq¨viwU Pvjy Kiæb Ges Avcbvi †gvevBj †dv‡bi K¨v‡giv Ab K‡i wKDAvi †Kv‡Wi Ici a‡i _vKzb| Gi d‡j wKQy¶‡Yi g‡a¨ Avcwb Kvwj I Kjg A¨vc WvDb‡jv‡Wi wVKvbvq †cuŠ‡Q hv‡eb|

117-125

D

wbk eQi ci wØZxqevi Ôg¨vb eyKviÕ cyi¯‹vi †c‡jb gvM©v‡iU A¨vUDW| cÖ_gevi †c‡qwQ‡jb 2000 mv‡j, Zuvi `¨ eøvBÛ A¨vmvwmb Dcb¨v‡mi Rb¨| Gev‡ii Dcb¨vmwUi bvg wQj `¨ †U÷v‡g›Um| Gevi (2019 mv‡j) Aek¨ cyi¯‹viwU wZwb GKv cvbwb, fvMvfvwM K‡i wb‡Z n‡q‡Q evb©vw`©b Gfvwi‡÷vi m‡½| G-msL¨vq gvM©v‡iU A¨vUDW‡K wb‡q GKwU cÖeÜ wj‡L‡Qb cÖvewÜK Gg G †gv‡gb| GQvovI cί’ n‡jv Av›`vwje ivk`xi Abyev`K…Z evb©vw`©b Gfvwi‡÷vi GKwU Mí Ñ ÔAvgvi evevi evwoÕ|

3


gbRyi ikx`-Aw¼Z, gva¨g Rjis, 2019

Rb¥ : 31 Rvbyqvwi 1943

g„Zz¨ : 26 b‡f¤^i 2019

iweDj nymvBb Kwe, ¯’cwZ, cÖvewÜK I mvgvwRK A½xKv‡i cÖvwYZ GK gvbyl, MZ 26 b‡f¤^i ci‡jvKMgb K‡ib| evsjv‡`‡ki KweZvi A½‡b wZwb wewkó n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb welq I cÖKi‡Yi be D™¢ve‡bi ˆkjx‡Z| wZwb gyw³hy‡×i †PZbv D¾xebmn eû avivi mvgvwRK I mvs¯‹…wZK K‡g©I e¨vc„Z wQ‡jb| †e½j dvD‡Ûkb I Kvwj I Kj‡gi wZwb wQ‡jb GKvšÍ myü`| Zuvi AMwYZ KweZv I cÖeÜ cί’ n‡q‡Q Kvwj I Kj‡g| Zuvi g„Zz¨‡Z †kvK Ávc‡bi fvlv Avgv‡`i Rvbv †bB| Avgiv Zuv‡K ¯§iY I kÖ×v Rvwb‡q G-msL¨vq GKwU †µvocÎ cÖKvk K‡iwQ| GQvov G-msL¨vq m`¨cÖqvZ cÖvewÜK, M‡elK, Kwe bebxZv †`e‡mb‡K wb‡qI K‡qKwU wbe‡Ü Zuvi cÖwZ iBj Kvwj I Kj‡gi cÖYwZ|  Ñm¤úv`K 5


kÖ ×v Ä wj

iweD‡ji KóKi msMÖvgx Rxeb hw` †KD Abyaveb K‡i Zvn‡j Zvi Kv‡Q mn‡RB cÖZxqgvb n‡e †h, iweD‡ji me KweZv, me ¯’vcZ¨, me ˆkwíK Kg©KvÐ Avm‡j ZuviB AvZ¥Rxebx|

we`vq eÜz iweDj

i

mvgmyj Iqv‡im

we| iwe`v| iweDj nymvBb| ¯’cwZ-Kwe A_ev Kwe-¯’cwZ iweDj nymvBb| Rb¥ 31‡k Rvbyqvwi 1943, g„Z¨z : 26‡k b‡f¤^i 2019| g„Z¨z i mgq eqm n‡qwQj 76 eQi, 9 gvm, 26 w`b| Rb¥ : Avw`wbevm, wSbvB`n †Rjvi ˆkjK‚cv Dc‡Rjvq Kuv‡Pi †Lvj BDwbq‡bi iwZWv½v MÖv‡g| evev †Zvdv¾j †nv‡mb, gv †eMg jyrdz‡bœmv| ¯’vqx emevm Kzwóqv kn‡ii _vbvcvovq kkxf‚lY cÖvgvwYK mo‡Ki †kl gv_vq 116bs GKZjv cvKv evwo| evev wQ‡jb cywjk Awdmvi| cuvP fvB, Pvi †ev‡bi g‡a¨ mevi eo iwe| mevi wgqvfvB| msmv‡i †Zgb m”QjZv wQj bv| wQj gv-evev, fvB-†evb wb‡q GKm‡½ _vKvi Avb›`| ¯‹j z : Kzwóqv gymwjg nvB ¯‹j z | K‡jR : Kzwóqv miKvwi K‡jR| ¯‹j z I K‡jR Rxeb †K‡U‡Q DÏvgZvq| kvšÍ, f`ª, k¨vgjv Mv‡qi is, cuvP dzU cuvP Bw D”PZv, my`k©b, fv‡jv QvÎ, eBcov, KweZv †jLv, Mvb MvIqv Avi Qwe AuvKv| gv‡Sg‡a¨ iv‡Z eÜz‡`i wb‡q †LRy‡ii im Pzwi Kiv; cokx‡`i bvi‡Kj MvQ †_‡K bvi‡Kj Pzwi Kiv; MvQ †_‡K †nuP‡o c‡o e¨_v jvMv; e¨_v †c‡q evwo‡Z KvD‡K bv ejv; mKv‡j cokxi bvwjk †kvbv

7


: iwe †`wLm †Zv Kvj iv‡Z Kviv †hb Avgv‡`i MvQ †_‡K bvi‡Kj Pzwi K‡i‡Q, hw` eyS‡Z cvwim Kviv Zvn‡j Rvbvwe| iweD‡ji DËi : wVK Av‡Q PvPv, hw` ai‡Z cvwi Zvn‡j Aek¨B Rvbve| MovB b`x‡Z NÈvi ci NÈv muvZvi KvUv, Wz‡evWzwe †Ljv; dzUe‡ji †bkv; wµ‡KU †Lj‡Z wM‡q ej †j‡M mvg‡bi `yB `uvZ †f‡O †djv; gv_v wb‡P cv Ic‡i, GgZve¯’vq nvZ w`‡q nuvUv; wmMv‡i‡Ui †auvqv w`‡q wis evwb‡q gyL w`‡q G‡Ki ci GK †ei Kiv; †Ljvayjvq †g‡Wj †RZv; eÜz‡`i wb‡q AvÇv †`Iqv Avi K¬v‡m dv÷© nIqv| GK K_vq †PŠKm| 1962 mv‡j cÖ_g wefv‡M B›UviwgwW‡qU (weÁvb) cvk Kiv| cixÿvi wKQyw`b Av‡M nvU© A¨vUv‡K nVvr evevi g„Z¨z | bq fvB‡evb Avi gv‡qi msmv‡i †b‡g Av‡m Mfxi wech©q| †QvU PvPv, Wv³vi, GwM‡q Av‡mb h_vmva¨ wb‡q| 19 eQ‡ii wgqvfvB‡qi fwel¨r ZLb cov‡kvbv Pvwj‡q hvIqv Avi wekvj msmvi wUwK‡q ivLvi msMÖv‡gi BwZnvm|

`yB

1962 mv‡j ZrKvjxb Avn&QvbDjøv BwÄwbqvwis K‡j‡R †`‡ki cÖ_g ¯’vcZ¨ I cwiKíbv Abyl` cÖwZôv K‡i, K‡jR‡K wek¦we`¨vj‡q DbœxZ Kiv nq| wek¦we`¨vj‡qi bvgKiY nq ÔB÷ cvwK¯Ívb BDwbfvwm©wU Ae BwÄwbqvwis A¨vÛ †UK‡bvjwR (BwcBDBwU)Õ| ÔBDGmGB‡WÕi D‡`¨v‡M Av‡gwiKvi †U·vm G A¨vÛ Gg wek¦we`¨vj‡qi mn‡hvwMZvq IB Abyl` †Lvjv nq| †U·vm G A¨vÛ Gg wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡M Kg©iZ GK`j Av‡gwiKvb wkÿK XvKvq G‡m ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡M wkÿKZvi `vwqZ¡ MÖnY K‡ib| Abyl‡`i cÖ_g wWb wQ‡jb AmvaviY e¨w³Z¡m¤úbœ Aa¨vcK wiPvW© GWDBb åæg¨vb|

1962 mv‡ji gvSvgvwS mg‡q iweDj XvKvq P‡j Av‡mb cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡q (BwcBDBwU) ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡M fwZ© cixÿv †`Iqvi Rb¨| B‡”Q wQj wPÎKjvq cov‡kvbv Kiv| wKš‘ ¯’vcZ¨ wel‡q weÁvb I wkíKjvi wgkÖY Av‡Q †R‡b Ges B›UviwgwW‡q‡U weÁvb cv‡Vi Kvi‡Y ¯’vcZ¨we`¨v‡K mvMÖ‡n †e‡Q †bb| Kzwóqvq, K‡jR MÖšv’ Mv‡i DËi Av‡gwiKvi †kÖô ¯’cwZ d«vsK j‡qW ivB‡Ui Ici †jLv GKUv eB wQj| GB eB c‡oB ¯’vcZ¨ wel‡q iweD‡ji cÖv_wgK Ávb I AvMÖn R‡b¥| fwZ© cixÿvi †gŠwLK As‡k Aa¨vcK åæg¨vb hLb Rvb‡jb †h, iweDj d«vsK j‡qW ivBU‡K wb‡q †jLv eB c‡o‡Qb ZLb åæg¨vb AevK n‡qwQ‡jb| evsjv‡`‡ki GKwU gd¯^j kn‡ii MÖšv’ Mv‡i ivB‡Ui eB _vKv †hb wek¦vm Ki‡Z cviwQ‡jb bv| ZLb †_‡KB iweDj n‡q I‡Vb åæg¨vb mv‡n‡ei AZ¨šÍ wcÖq QvÎ| ¯’vcZ¨we`¨vq wWRvBb me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡cY~ © welq| iweDj cÖ_g †_‡KB wWRvB‡b m‡e©v”P b¤^i †c‡q mKj Av‡gwiKvb wkÿ‡Ki `„wó AvKl©Y K‡ib| ¯’vcZ¨ wefvM QvovI wek¦we`¨vj‡qi †K›`ªxq mvs¯‹w… ZK Abyôvb, †Ljvayjv, QvÎ BDwbqb, weZK© cÖwZ‡hvwMZv BZ¨vw` Kg©Kv‡Ð iweDj‡K wbijm Kgx© wn‡m‡e cvIqv †hZ| AwP‡iB iweDj AMÖR Qv·`i †mœnfvRb I AbyR‡`i iwe`v n‡q K¨v¤úv‡mi me‡P‡q wcÖq Qv‡Îi ¯’vb AwaKvi K‡ib| wØZxqe‡l© nVvr Q›`cZb| Aa¨vcK Kvwgbx mvnvi K¬v‡m c`v_©we`¨v wel‡q †dj| GK eQi bó n‡e| Kvwgbx mvnv †evSv‡jb : ÔGB AK…ZKvh©Zv †Zvgv‡K mvgwqKfv‡e e¨w_Z Ki‡Q, Z‡e mvgwMÖKfv‡e †Zvgvi Ô†g›Uvj nivBRbÕ‡K cÖmvwiZ Ki‡e|Õ iweDj‡K Av‡iKevi wØZxq e‡l© co‡Z n‡e Avi GB eQiUvB wQj Zuvi wkÿvRxe‡bi me‡P‡q KóKi mgq| ¯‹jviwk‡ci UvKv Avi cvU©UvBg PvKwii †eZb †_‡K †ewki fvM Kzwóqvq cvwV‡q w`‡q mvgvb¨ UvKvq Pvjv‡Z n‡Zv cov‡kvbv I

evsjv‡`k ¯’cwZ Bb&mw& UwUD‡Ui cÖwZôvevwl©Kxi Abyôv‡b 2018 mv‡j iweDj nymvBb I mvgmyj Iqv‡im

8


†nv‡÷‡ji LiP| nvwmLywk PvwiwÎK ˆewk‡ó¨i Avov‡j iweDj Zuvi wbR¯^ `ytL-Kó avgvPvcv w`‡Zb| †KD †Ui †cZ bv| Avwg 1963 mv‡j ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡M fwZ© nB| 1964 mv‡j wØZxq e‡l© covi mgq iweDj‡K mncvVx wn‡m‡e cvB| iweDj GK eQ‡ii wmwbqi, †dj Kivi Kvi‡Y Avgvi mncvVx nIqvq Zuv‡K Avwg iwe`v I iweDj GB Dfqfv‡eB WvKZvg Ges Avgiv G‡K Aci‡K ÔAvcwbÕ e‡jB †W‡KwQ| QvÎQvÎx‡`i g‡a¨ iweD‡ji RbwcÖqZv Avgvi Rvbv wQj| iweDj ÔwWRvBbÕmn m„Rbkxj welq¸wj‡Z fv‡jv gvK© †c‡Zb| AvwgI gv‡S gv‡S †cZvg| Avgiv µgk Avgv‡`i g‡bi I wPšÍvi imvq‡bi wgj Ly‡u R cvB, d‡j Nwbô eÜz‡Z cwiYZ nB| Avgiv 1964 †_‡K 1968 mvj ch©šÍ ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡M mncvVx wQjvg| ZLb evsjv‡`k wQj c~e© cvwK¯Ívb| wdì gvk©vj AvBqye Lv‡bi ˆ¯^ikvm‡bi hyM| weªwUk Dcwb‡ek †_‡K †ewi‡q G‡m Avgiv ivR‰bwZK, mvgvwRK I A_©‰bwZKfv‡e cwðg cvwK¯Ív‡bi †kvlY I wbcxo‡bi wkKv‡i cwiYZ nB| GgZve¯’vq Avgiv †mvwf‡qZ BDwbq‡bi evgcwš’ ivRbxwZi cÖwZ Sz‡u K cwo| iweDj AvšÍRv© wZK †ÿ‡Î cÖwZwU NUbvi ivR‰bwZK I mvgvwRK e¨vL¨v Ly‡u R †eov‡Zb| AvZZvqxi ¸wj‡Z c¨vU&wim jyg¤y v^ (1961) I Rb Gd †K‡bwWi (1963) g„Z¨z , †gwiwjb gb‡ivi AvZ¥nZ¨v (1962), wKDevi wgmvBj mgm¨v (1962), Pxb-†mvwf‡qZ Ø›Ø (1963-69), g¨vjKg G· (1965) I gvwU©b jy_vi wKs-Rywbqi (1968) nZ¨v, mgvRZš¿ I abZ‡š¿i ga¨Kvi kxZj hy×, wf‡qZbvg hy× BZ¨vw` Abyaveb Kiv Ges µgk Ggb aviYvi ekeZx© nIqv †h, me cÖwZôvb Ab¨v‡qi cÖkqÖ †`q| Ab¨vq‡K avcvPvcv w`‡q wbR¯^ ¯^v_© D×vi K‡i| iweDj GB mgq iu¨v‡ev, †ev`‡jqvi, wij‡K, GwjqU I †biæ`vi KweZv; Kvgy, KvdKv, muv‡Î©i Dcb¨vm I †QvUMí; ivwkqvb Pjw”PÎ I mvwnZ¨ BZ¨vw` wb‡q e¨¯Í| wPšÍvi RMr Ry‡o _v‡K mgKvjxb gvby‡li †PZbvi mgm¨v Avi Abyaveb Kiv †h, Ae‡PZb g‡bi †fZi †cÖvw_Z AvaywbK KweZvi wkKo| ¯‹‡z j covi mgq †_‡KB KweZv †jLvi Af¨vm wQj iweD‡ji| Zuvi †evb ÔjvqjxÕi QÙbv‡g KweZv wjL‡Zb| cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡q cov‡kvbvi m‡½ m‡½ mncvVx ZvRy †PŠayix, hš¿‡KŠkj wefv‡Mi dwi` nvmvb Ges Av‡iv wKQy KweeÜz‡K wb‡q cÖKvk K‡ib KweZvi g¨vMvwRb bv| me cÖvwZôvwbK k„•Ljv, wbqgKvbyb I Av`e-Kvq`vi weiæ‡× M‡`¨i Av`‡j bv-Gi cÖwZev`x Kve¨fvlv mgKvjxb Kwe‡`i bvov w`‡Z mg_© nq| Avgvi me mgq g‡b n‡q‡Q, Zuvi KweZvi g~j welq wQj AvaywbK †PZbvm¤úbœ bvMwiK gvby‡li GKvwKZ¡ I AmnvqZ¡| A‡bK gvby‡li wf‡o GKvwKZ¡ Avi c„w_exc„‡ô N‡U hvIqv bvbv AgvbweK Kg©Kv‡Ði weiæ‡× AcviMZvi hš¿Yv| KweZv †ev‡ai iv‡R¨ cÖ‡ek K‡i GB GKvwKZ¡ I AmnvqZ¡ †_‡K wKQyUv n‡jI †hb gyw³ †`q|

wZb

QvÎve¯’v †_‡KB Avgiv ¯’cwZ gvRnviæj Bmjvg I RvZxq msm` fe‡bi ¯’cwZ jyB AvB Kv‡bi f³| gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi ZrKvjxb AvU© K‡jR I cvewjK jvB‡eªwii Abe`¨ AvaywbK ¯’vcZ¨ Avgv‡`i wkÿvi welq wQj| 1968 mv‡j cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K ¯’vcZ¨we`¨vq mœvZK wWwMÖi †iRvë †ei nIqvi m‡½ m‡½ iweDj, Avwg, Avgv‡`i mncvVx eÜz †gv. Ave`yi ikx` I Ac‡ik `vk gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi 3bs cwiev‡Mi Ôev¯‘Kjvwe`Õ bv‡gi ¯’vcZ¨ Awd‡m nvwRi nB| eviv›`vq GK NÈv A‡cÿv Kivi ci †mŠg¨KvwšÍ Bmjvg mv‡ne G‡m ej‡jb, ÔAvcbviv wK cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K ¯’vcZ¨we`¨vq cvk K‡i‡Qb?Õ Avgiv ejjvg,

ÔwR|Õ wZwb ej‡jb, ÔZvn‡j Gÿzwb wWRvBb ÷zwWI‡Z Kv‡R †hvM w`b|Õ Avgv‡`i PvKwi n‡q †Mj| B›UviwfDi fqfxwZ me evZv‡m wgwj‡q †Mj| Avgiv ¯’cwZ¸iæ gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi mnKvix Rywbqi ¯’cwZ wn‡m‡e Rvnv½xibMi wek¦we`¨vjq K¨v¤úvm, PÆMÖvg wek¦we`¨vjq K¨v¯úvm, gwZwS‡j Rxeb exgv feb (ZrKvjxb BGdBD feb), w`jKzkvq K…wl feb, XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wcwUG feb BZ¨vw`mn Av‡iv wKQy cÖK‡íi mvaviY I Lywu UbvwU bKkv ˆZwi Kivq wb‡qvwRZ nB| wek¦e¨vs‡Ki cÖKí cuvPwU cwj‡UKwbK Bbw÷wUD‡Ui wWRvB‡b mn‡hvMx wQ‡jb Bmjvg mv‡n‡ei mncvVx Av‡gwiKvi ¯’cwZ ÷¨vbwj UvBMvig¨vb| Avgiv IB cuvP cÖK‡íi bKkvI ˆZwi Kwi| ZLb nvZ w`‡q Gu‡K bKkv cÖYqb Ki‡Z n‡Zv| GK-GKwU WªBs cÖPiz mgq wb‡q wbZ| ev¯‘Kjvwe‡` Av‡iv ¯’cwZ, cÖ‡KŠkjx I bKkvwe` KvR Ki‡Zb| ev¯‘Kjvwe` ZLb wQj c~e© cvwK¯Ív‡bi me‡P‡q eo ¯’vcZ¨-wWRvBb cÖwZôvb| gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi Awd‡m Avgiv wWRvB‡bi R¨vwgwZK web¨vm, KvVv‡gvMZ k„•Ljv, †¯ú‡mi MwZgqZv I Rjevqy m¤úwK©Z a¨vb-aviYv jvf Kwi| iweDj Gme Kv‡R AMÖYx f‚wgKv cvjb K‡ib Ges Bmjvg mv‡n‡ei me‡P‡q wcÖq mnKvix wn‡m‡e wPwýZ nb| 1971 mv‡j 25‡k gv‡P©i K‡qK w`‡bi g‡a¨B gvRnviæj Bmjvg mcwiev‡i KjKvZvq P‡j hvb| ev¯‘Kjvwe‡` Avgv‡`i mnKgx© eÜz ¯’cwZ AvjgMxi Kexi I †gv. Ave`yi ikx` wKQyw`b ci AvMiZjv w`‡q fvi‡Z wM‡q gyw³hy‡× †hvM †`b| Avwg Avi iweDj Kx Kiv DwPZ †f‡e cvw”Qjvg bv| Avgiv ev¯‘Kjvwe` AuvK‡o iBjvg| iweDj Rvnv½xibMi wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K wWRvBb wd-i A_© msMÖn K‡i Awdm Pvjv‡Z jvM‡jb| AvjgMxi Kex‡ii evev-gv‡qi evwo‡Z gv‡S gv‡S wKQy UvKv w`‡Z jvM‡jb| Avgiv GB mgq gyw³‡hv×v‡`i Rb¨ UvKv-cqmv, Kvco I A¯¿ msMÖn K‡i fvi‡Z cvVv‡bvi GK †Mvcb e¨e¯’vcbvi m‡½ RwoZ nB| Avgv‡`i mncvVx ¯’cwZ nvweeyi ingvb ZLb ZrKvjxb BwcBDBwU (cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vjq)-†Z ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡Mi cÖfvlK| wek¦we`¨vj‡qi K·evRvi K¨v¤úv‡m wkÿK‡`i Rb¨ wbwg©Z GKwU d¬¨vUevwoi GKZjvq nvwee _vKZ| iweDj IB mgq nvwe‡ei evmvq fvov wQ‡jb| IB evmvq GK Qvjvi e¯Ívfiv Av‡Mœqv¯¿ ev_iæ‡gi djm Qv‡` GK iv‡Z nvwee‡K bv Rvwb‡q †i‡L †`Iqv nq Ges c‡i GK iv‡Z IB A¯¿ eywoM½v b`x cvi K‡i fvi‡Zi D‡Ï‡k cvwV‡q †`Iqv nq| nvwee welqwU c‡i Rvb‡Z †c‡i Lye ivM K‡i| iweDj‡K ZLb Avwg Avgv‡`i jvjev‡Mi †QvU †`vZjv evmvq wb‡q Avwm| Avgiv †`vZjvq _vKZvg Avi GKZjv fvov †`Iqv n‡Zv| iweDj‡K A‡a©K fvov w`‡jB Pj‡e ejjvg, wKš‘ iweDj Avgvi evev‡K cy‡y iv fvovB w`‡Zb| gyw³hy× PjvKv‡j †eKvi _vKv wec¾bK wQj| c‡_Nv‡U cvwK¯Ívwb Avwg© Qwemn WvwÛ KvW© (AvB‡Ww›UwU KvW©) †`L‡Z PvBZ| Avgiv ev¯‘Kjvwe` †_‡K ev¯‘Kjvwe‡` Kg©iZ bq Ggb K‡qKRb ¯’cwZ‡K ÔWvwÛ KvW©Õ evwb‡q w`B| G-KvRwU h‡_ó wec¾bK wQj| GKevi GKwU cÖ‡R‡±i Rb¨ iweDj Avi Avwg wWAvBwU fe‡b hvB| wbPZjvq †cuŠQv‡bvi wKQyÿ‡Yi g‡a¨ †XvKvi c‡_ MvW©iæ‡gi Kv‡Q GKwU †evgv dv‡U| Avwg© Avgv‡`i wN‡i †d‡j| Avgv‡`i cwiPqcÎ Ges wWAvBwU cÖ‡R± msµvšÍ KvMRcÎ I †ccvi KvwUs †`LvB| wKš‘ GKRb Avwg© Awdmvi mš‘ó nw”Qj bv| IB Avwg© Awdmvi Avgv‡`i cvm© †`L‡Z Pvq| iweD‡ji cvm© †`L‡Z wM‡q Awdmv‡ii nvZ †_‡K GKUv cvm‡cvU© mvB‡Ri Qwe c‡o hvq| QwewU wQj †gvnv¤§` Avjx wRbœvni| Avwg© Awdmvi QwewU Zz‡j wRbœvni cÖwZK…wZ †`‡L Lywk n‡q Avgv‡`i †Q‡o †`q| gyw³‡hv×v

9


iweDj nymvBb 2018 mv‡j GKz‡k c`KcÖvwßi ci Av‡qvwRZ Awfb›`b Abyôvb m‡›`n K‡i GKevi Avgv‡`i K¨v›Ub‡g‡›U cvwV‡q w`‡j Avi wd‡i Avmv m¤¢e n‡Zv bv| †ZRMuvI Gqvi‡cvU© ZLb cvK Avwg©‡`i `L‡j| Gqvi‡cv‡U© wKQz wbg©vYKvR cÖ‡qvRb| G g‡g© cwÎKvq weÁvcb Av‡m| Avwg Avi iweDj Awd‡mi K‡qKRb cÖ‡KŠkjx‡K wb‡q wbg©vY Kv‡Ri †UÛv‡i AskMÖnY Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨ wegvbe›`‡i cvK Avwg©‡`i A¯’vqx Awd‡m hvB| †mLv‡b A‡b‡K GKB D‡Ï‡k¨ G‡mwQ‡jb| Avgiv wegvbe›`i GjvKvi GKUv g¨vc †Mvc‡b wb‡q wM‡qwQjvg| Kv‡Ri duvK-†dvK‡i Avwg Avi iweDj Lye mveav‡b cvKevwnbxi Øviv ¯’vwcZ wegvb weaŸsmx Kvgvb¸‡jvi Ae¯’vb g¨v‡c Uz‡K wbB Ges Ab¨vb¨ KvM‡Ri m‡½ jywK‡q †dwj| G-Kv‡R †ek mgq †j‡MwQj| ev¯‘Kjvwe` Awd‡m G‡m Avwg Avi iweDj Mfxi ivZ ch©šÍ P‚ovšÍfv‡e g¨vc ˆZwi Kwi| P‚ovšÍ g¨vcwU wgÎevwnbxi c‡ÿ wegvb nvgjvi cÖ‡qvR‡b Ô†RWÕ †dv‡m©i Kv‡Q cvVv‡bv n‡qwQj| KvRwU wQj AZ¨šÍ wec¾bK| aiv co‡j Aek¨g„Z¨z | gyw³hy‡×i mgq Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ GK `ytmvnm KvR Ki‡Zv|

Pvi

gyw³hy× PjvKv‡j iweDj I Avwg Av‡iv A‡bK ai‡bi AwfÁZvi m¤§yLxb nB| Gme AwfÁZvi wKQz wKQz Ab¨Î cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| gyw³hy‡×i `ywe©ln b-gvm †hb wQj me©Kv‡ji `xN©Zg mgq| Ae‡k‡l 16B wW‡m¤^i G‡jv| Avwg, iweDj I Avgvi †QvU †evb AvRwgix Iqv‡im 15B wW‡m¤^i Avgv‡`i jvjev‡Mi evmvq ivZ †R‡M ˆ`wbK cwÎKvi cvZvq †cv÷vi Kvjvi w`‡q weR‡qi c‡ÿ

10

A‡bK †møvMvb RvZxq †cv÷vi wj‡L †dwj| Lye mKv‡j GB me †cv÷vi †K›`ªxq kwn` wgbv‡ii †`qv‡j †mu‡U w`B| Avgvi GKUv wgwb Aw÷b Mvwo wQj| Gme Kg©Kv‡Ð MvwowU Lye Kv‡R jvM‡Zv| †cv÷vi jvMv‡bvi wKQzÿY ci gyw³evwnbx I wgÎevwnbxi wKQz Ask kwn` wgbv‡i `jej wb‡q Dcw¯’Z| d‡Uv-mvsevw`‡Kiv Avgv‡`i †cv÷vi¸‡jvi Qwe Zz‡j †bb, hv c‡i gyw³hy×welqK eB‡Z cÖKvwkZ nq| ¯’cwZ gvRnviæj Bmjvg wW‡m¤^‡iB mcwiev‡i wd‡i G‡jb ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡ki gvwU‡Z| ikx` I AvjgMxi Df‡qB gyw³hyׇk‡l evsjv‡`‡k wd‡i Av‡m| ev¯‘Kjvwe‡`i cÖKí¸wj evsjv‡`k miKvi cybivq Kwgkb Kivi j‡ÿ¨ ¯’wMZ Ges GKwU KwgwU MVb K‡i| KwgwUi m`m¨ evsjv‡`k cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡Mi ZrKvjxb wefvMxq cÖavb gvRnviæj Bmjvg‡K ÔK‡›Uªvfvwm©qvj K¨v‡i±iÕ e‡j AwfwnZ K‡ib| d‡j mfvq Ab¨ m`m¨iv gvRnviæj Bmjvg‡K cÖKí¸wj cybivq Kwgkb Kivi e¨vcv‡i †bwZevPK wm×všÍ MÖnY K‡ib| †`‡ki me‡P‡q cÖwZfvevb ¯’cwZi KvR¸wj †K‡o †bIqv nq| ¯^vaxbZv-cieZx©Kv‡j GUvB wQj Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q cÖ_g eo AvNvZ| ev¯‘Kjvwe‡` KvR †bB, ZvB gvRnviæj Bmjvg Avgv‡`i wZb gv‡mi †eZb w`‡q QuvUvB K‡i †`b| Ab¨‡`i m‡½ Avwg, iweDj, ikx`, AvjgMxi, Ac‡ik mevB †eKvi n‡q cwo| ey‡q‡Ui ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡M cÖfvl‡Ki c‡` wkÿK †bIqv n‡e †R‡b Avwg Avi iweDj Av‡e`bcÎ Rgv w`B| mvÿvrKvi †bIqvi w`b Avgiv ikx` fe‡bi †`vZjvq A‡cÿv Ki‡Z _vwK| iweDj evievi


ejwQ‡jb, wkÿKZv Zuvi Øviv n‡e bv| mvÿvrKv‡ii Rb¨ Avgvi WvK G‡j †fZ‡i hvB| mvÿvrKvi †kl n‡j evB‡i G‡m †`wL iweDj P‡j †M‡Qb| Avwg cÖfvlK wn‡m‡e 1972 mv‡ji †deªæqvwi gv‡m ey‡q‡U †hvM`vb Kwi| cÖL¨vZ cyi‡KŠkjx †kL gyn¤§` knx`yjvø n ev¯‘Kjvwe` gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi cvU©bvi wQ‡jb| wZwb GB mgq Ôknx`yjvø n GÛ G‡mvwm‡qU&m wj.Õ bv‡g GKwU ¯’vcZ¨ I cÖ‡KŠkj welqK Dc‡`óv dvg© cÖwZôv K‡ib| iweDj GB cÖwZôv‡b GKRb ¯^Zv¡ waKvix cwiPvjK wn‡m‡e †hvM †`b| ikx` miKvwi PvKwi †e‡Q †bq| Avwg †e‡Q wbjvg wkÿKZvi c_ Avi iweDj †ckv`vi ¯’cwZi| Avgvi Avi iweD‡ji RxebhvÎvi c_ GKB w`‡K AMÖmi nw”Qj; wKš‘ GB mgq †_‡K Zv wef³ n‡jv| Avwg iweD‡ji Awd‡m we‡Kj‡ejvq cvU©UvBg PvKwi wbB| Aciw`‡K Avwg hLb ey‡q‡Ui ¯’vcZ¨ wefv‡M cÖav‡bi `vwqZ¡ cvjb Kwi ZLb iweDj‡K LÐKvjxb wkÿK wn‡m‡e wb‡qvM w`B| Avwg ax‡i ax‡i wkÿK Rxe‡b Af¨¯Í n‡Z _vwK Avi iweDj ¯’vcZ¨‡ckv Abykxj‡b| iweDj 1978-81 mgqKv‡j knx`yjvø n GÛ G‡mvwm‡qU&m wj. †_‡K evsjv‡`k A¨vwMÖKvjPvivj wimvP© KvDw݇ji g~j feb wWRvBb K‡ib| febwU dvg©‡MU GjvKvi Lvgvievwo‡Z Aew¯’Z| wek¦e¨vs‡Ki A_©vq‡b wmivwgK BU w`‡q wbwg©Z wZbZjv febwU (223 dzU j¤^v I 63 dzU PIov) †hgb †k‡ievsjv bM‡ii B‡Ui feb¸wji m‡½ Q›` iÿv K‡i, †Zgwb Avgv‡`i gqbvgwZ I cvnvocy‡ii cÖvPxb ¯’vc‡Z¨i HwZ‡n¨i m‡½ mL¨ eRvq iv‡L| KvVv‡gvMZ cwi”QbœZv, B‡Ui bvbvwea e¨envi, PjvPj e¨e¯’v, cÖ‡cvikb, †iv`-e„wó wbqš¿Y BZ¨vw` me we‡ePbvq febwU Abe`¨, †hb B‡Ui ˆZwi GK Kv‡jvËxY© Kve¨| GB febwUB iweD‡ji me‡P‡q D‡jøL‡hvM¨ ¯’vcZ¨Kg© wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…Z| cÖ‡KŠkjx †kL gyn¤§` knx`yjvø ni m‡½ knx`yjvø n GÛ G‡mvwm‡qU&m wjwg‡U‡Wi iweDjmn Ab¨vb¨ ¯^Zv¡ waKvix cwiPvj‡Ki we‡iva m„wó nIqvq cÖ‡KŠkjx knx`yjvø n IB cÖwZôvb †Q‡o w`‡q ÔwbD knx`yjvø n GÛ G‡mvwm‡qU&m wjwg‡UWÕ bv‡g bZzb GKwU Dc‡`óv cÖwZôvb m„wó K‡ib| iweDj g~j cÖwZôv‡b 1972 mvj †_‡K Zuvi g„Z¨z ch©šÍ Uvbv 47 eQi ¯’cwZ-Dc‡`óv wn‡m‡e Kg©iZ wQ‡jb| GB `xN© mg‡q wZwb bvbv ai‡bi ¯’vcZ¨ m„wó‡Z e¨¯Í _v‡Kb| Zuvi wWRvBb Kiv cÖKí¸wji g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ¯^vaxbZv †ZviY, Rvnv½xibMi wek¦we`¨vj‡qi †MU, gIjvbv fvmvbx nj, e½eÜz nj, Iqv‡R` Avjx wgqv weÁvb Kg‡cø·, Kzwóqvi Bmjvgx wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ¯^vaxbZv ¯§„wZ‡mŠa BZ¨vw`| iweDj AvaywbK ¯’vc‡Z¨i ixwZbxwZ wb‡q cÖv_wgKfv‡e KvR ïiæ K‡ib Ges ax‡i ax‡i DËi-AvaywbK ¯’vcZ¨ m„wói j‡ÿ¨ evsjv HwZ‡n¨i m‡½ hy³ nb| knx`yjvø n GÛ G‡mvwm‡qU&m wjwg‡U‡W Kg©iZ Ae¯’vq wZwb KweZv, cÖeÜ, Dcb¨vm, Mí, wkï-mvwnZ¨, ¯’vcZ¨welqK MÖš,’ wkí-mgv‡jvPbv BZ¨vw` bvbv ai‡bi mvwnZ¨K‡g© e¨¯Í _v‡Kb| Zuvi D‡jøL‡hvM¨ eB¸wj n‡jv : wK Av‡Q GB AÜKv‡ii Mfx‡i, w¯’i we›`yi †gvnb msKU, Kc~‡© ii WvbvAjv ei‡di cvwL, AvgMœ KvUvKzwU †Ljv, welye‡iLv, †h b`x ivwÎi, AviI DbwZwikwU Puv`, GB me bxj Acgvb, AcÖ‡qvRbxq cÖeÜ, `yišÍ wK‡kvi, wbe©vwPZ KweZv, MíMv_v I evsjv‡`‡ki ¯’vcZ¨ ms¯‹w… Z|

cuvP

Avwg 1978 mv‡j we‡q Kwi, iweDj 1979-‡Z| Avgvi cwiev‡ii m‡½ iweD‡ji cwiev‡ii my›`i m¤úK© wQj| Avgvi ¯¿x Av‡giv Iqv‡im I iweD‡ji ¯¿x b~iRvnvb †eMg UzKiz g‡a¨ mL¨ wQj| Avgvi †Q‡j‡g‡q‡`i m‡½ iweDj gRv K‡i nvwm-Zvgvkv

Ki‡Zb| iweDjPvPv wQj Zv‡`i wcÖq Avs‡Kj| we‡qi K‡qK eQi ci iweDj Avgv‡`i jvjev‡Mi evmv †Q‡o avbgwЇZ evmv fvov K‡i P‡j Av‡mb| jvjev‡M _vKvi mgq iweDj Avgvi evev-gv‡qi m‡½ AZ¨šÍ my›`i m¤úK© eRvq iv‡Lb| cieZx© mg‡q iweDj avbgwÐi 4bs mo‡K wbR¯^ d¬¨v‡U ¯’vqxfv‡e emev‡mi e¨e¯’v K‡ib| iweD‡ji fvB‡ev‡biv mevB D”Pwkÿvq wkwÿZ (Wv³vi, BwÄwbqvi, cvBjU, e¨vsKvi BZ¨vw`) n‡q mgv‡R mycwÖ ZwôZ| Gi †cQ‡b i‡q‡Q iweD‡ji mrmvnm, AvZ¥Z¨vM I mwVK w`Kwb‡`©kbv| wSby‡Ki kix‡ii †fZi hLb †Kv‡bv c¨vivmvBU cÖ‡ek K‡i ZLb wSbyK c¨vivmvBUwUi Pvicv‡k ¯^”Q Zij c`v_© w`‡q cÖ‡jc w`‡Z _v‡K| Gfv‡e K‡qK eQi a‡i cÖ‡j‡ci ci cÖ‡jc mwÂZ n‡q gy³v ˆZwi nq| gy³v cwiYZ n‡ZB wSby‡Ki g„Z¨z nq| G Kvi‡Y wkíx GWIqvW© gysK e‡jwQ‡jb, Ôgy³v n‡”Q wSby‡Ki AvZ¥Rxebx|Õ iweD‡ji KóKi msMÖvgx Rxeb hw` †KD Abyaveb K‡i Zvn‡j Zvi Kv‡Q mn‡RB cÖZxqgvb n‡e †h, iweD‡ji me KweZv, me ¯’vcZ¨, me ˆkwíK Kg©KvÐ Avm‡j ZuviB AvZ¥Rxebx| iweDj KweZv-mvwn‡Z¨ Ae`v‡bi Rb¨ 2009 mv‡j evsjv GKv‡Wwg cyi¯‹vi cvb| wZwb evsjv‡`k ¯’cwZ Bb&mw& UwUDU †_‡K ¯’vcZ¨ †ÿ‡Î Ae`v‡bi Rb¨ 2016 mv‡j ¯^Yc © `K jvf K‡ib| 2018 mv‡j GKz‡k c`‡K f‚wlZ nb|

Qq

b‡f¤^‡ii 16 Zvwi‡L iweDj Zuvi avbgwÐi evmv †_‡K Avgv‡K †dv‡b e‡jb : ÔIqv‡im Avwg wcwR nvmcvZv‡j fwZ© n‡Z hvw”Q|Õ Zuvi Mjvi ¯^i ï‡b Zuv‡K Lye Amnvq g‡b n‡jv| Avwg †dv‡b ˆah© a‡i mywPwKrmvi e¨e¯’v Kivi civgk© w`‡q Zuv‡K mvnm †RvMvB| Rywi‡L GwUGBP wek¦we`¨vj‡q AbywôZe¨ GKwU AvšÍRv© wZK ¯’vcZ¨welqK †mwgbv‡i AskMÖnY Kivi welq wb‡q e¨¯Í _vKvq myBRvij¨vÛ hvIqvi Av‡M iweD‡ji m‡½ †`Lv Kiv nqwb| RywiL †_‡K XvKvq wd‡i G‡m 25‡k b‡f¤^i eÜz ikx`‡K wb‡q e½eÜz †kL gywRe †gwWK¨vj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi 611bs K‡ÿ wM‡q iweD‡ji m‡½ †`Lv Kwi| iweDj‡K wKQzUv `yej © g‡b n‡jI cÖvYešÍ jvMwQj| Avwg Avi ikx` iweD‡ji m‡½ cÖvq GK NÈv Mí K‡i P‡j Avwm| ciw`b (26‡k b‡f¤^i 2019) Lye mKv‡j ikx` †dvb K‡i Rvbv‡jv †h, iweDj wKQzÿY Av‡M Avgv‡`i †Q‡o P‡j †M‡Qb bv-†divi †`‡k| iweD‡ji g~j mgm¨v wQj Zuvi i‡³ cøvwU‡jU KvD›U †hLv‡b 1.5 jvL †_‡K 4.5 jvL cÖ‡qvRb †mLv‡b wQj 20,000-GiI Kg| ZvB i‡³ cøvwU‡jU bvgK i³KwYKvi msL¨v `ªæZ evov‡bvi cÖ‡qvRb wQj| iweDj Zuvi Wv³vi eÜz, †kL gywRe †gwWK¨vj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi KvwW©IjwR wefv‡Mi cÖav‡bi civg‡k© IB nvmcvZv‡j fwZ© nb| ZuviB cÖh‡Zœ iweD‡ji wPwKrmv PjwQj| 25‡k b‡f¤^i iv‡Z hLb iweD‡ji kixi Lvivc jvMwQj ZLb wZwb h_vh_ wPwKrmv cvbwb e‡j cwievi †_‡K Zuvi g„Z¨z i ci Awf‡hvM D‡V‡Q| nvmcvZv‡ji nq‡Zv Av‡iv AwaK hZœ I Awfwb‡ek Zuvi cÖvc¨ wQj| 26 b‡f¤^i mKvj 7Uv 55 wgwb‡U iweD‡ji g„Z¨z nq| iweD‡ji B”Qv wQj GB wW‡m¤^‡ii cÖ_g mßv‡n ¯’cwZ e`iæj nvq`vi I fv¯‹i gywRei ingvb‡K wb‡q KjKvZvi G¨v‡cv‡jv nvmcvZv‡j wPwKrmvi Rb¨ hvIqv Avi m¤ú~Y© my¯’ n‡q †`‡k †div| G-e¨vcv‡i G¨v‡cv‡jv nvmcvZv‡ji †ngv‡UvjwR÷ Wv. PµcvwYi m‡½ K_vI n‡qwQj| wKš‘ mewKQz IjUcvjU n‡q †Mj| mevB‡K `yt‡Li mvM‡i fvwm‡q iweDj P‡j †M‡jb| we`vq eÜz, we`vq| r

11


kÖ ×v Ä wj

†h euvavaiv Q‡K evsjv KweZv GLb `vev †Lj‡Q, Zvi evB‡i iweDj nymvB‡bi †KvU©| G gvV KL‡bv Zxi †Qvovi, KL‡bv Kzw¯Íi|

†e`bvi ¯’vcZ¨-fiv Abycg nvexeyjøvn wmivRx

Ôhv

i nv‡Z M‡o I‡V gvby‡li ev¯‘-ms¯’vb, GKUv RvwZi KxwZ©, ¯§„wZ¯Í¤¢, †mŠagvjv, MMb¯úkx© Nievwo, Avevi †mB nv‡ZB hLb iwPZ nq AbM©j avivq KweZv, Mí, Dcb¨vm, fvwi fvwi wbeÜ m›`f©, Kjv mgv‡jvPbv Ñ ZLb †h †Kv‡bv we‡klYB Zvi Rb¨ evûj¨ gvÎ| iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZvi wbg©vY ¯’vcZ¨wk‡íi g‡ZvB wngvwqZ aªæc`x msMxZ|Õ †h Av‡m †m wd‡iI hvq| Zey †Zv Kv‡iv Kv‡iv cv‡qi Qv‡c dz‡U I‡V eY©gq cy®ú‡kvfv, †`kMÜ| cwji †fZi, ay‡jvi g‡a¨, KuvKovi wc‡V †Ljv K‡i †iv` Ñ gvqv evovq Qvqv| †iv`‡Ljv Avi Qvqvgvqvi RMrmsmv‡i wbg©vZv hLb m„wóiƒ‡c wbgMœ nb, ZLb Zjøv‡ki AskwU bvbv ch©v‡q we‡ePbvq fi K‡i| Ges ZvB ¯’cwZ iweDj nymvBb‡K, Kwe iweDj nymvBb‡K Ae‡jvKbI GK †cvkvK e`‡ji cvjv| ¯’cwZi Kg©‡hv‡M Av‡Q wbg©v‡Yi wewea †KŠkj, Z`ªƒc Kwei m„wóa‡g© Av‡Q cÖf‚Z jxjv|

12


Ic‡i `yB hgR wkï GKRb Kuv‡` Ab¨Rb nv‡m GKRb fi‡cU Ab¨Rb ÿzavZ© GKRb Aw¯’i AciwU PzcPvc I‡`i gv w`‡knviv iKgvwi b·xKuv_v iweDj nymvBb D‡b¥vP‡b Avgiv wK AcivM? wZwb wK iKgvwi Amgvß bKkv? bv, wPÎwU cwic~Y© Ges ¯^”Q| åvwšÍi AeKvk †mLv‡b ÿxY! †Kbbv wbg©vY I m„wói Af¨šÍ‡ii GKwU ÔbvÕ‡K wZwb Aweivg Ônu¨vÕ‡Z cwiYZ Kivi Awfjvl cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb Avg„Zz¨| evsjv KweZvq Zuvi wewkóZvi mvÿ¨ enb K‡i KweZvMÖš’mg~n| G‡K-G‡K D‡jøL Kiv hvq Ñ my›`ix dYv, †Kv_vq Avgvi b‡fvhvb, †K›`ªwe›`y‡Z †e‡R I‡V, Av‡iv EbwZwikwU Puv`, Kx Av‡Q GB AÜKv‡ii Mfx‡i, Kc~©‡ii WvbvAjv cvwL, w¯’iwe›`yi †gvnb msKU, GBme bxj Acgvb, †h b`x ivwÎi, AvgMœ KvUvKzwU †Ljvi K_v| MÖ‡š’i bvgKi‡Yi g‡a¨B †h weivR K‡i Aci GK c„w_ex, c„_K GK msmvi| hv KL‡bv-KL‡bv †e`bvi Ask n‡qI Avb‡›`i msev` Ávcb K‡i| GKUv e„nr AsK †Kv_vq †hb k~b¨‡K †jvdvjywd Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z nvwi‡q hvq gnvk~‡b¨| Avevi Gi Ab¨wc‡V GKUv f‚‡Mvj G‡Ki m‡½ Ry‡o †`q eûi PvKv| d‡j I dm‡j hvi †Pnviv AcwiwPZ n‡Z-n‡Z cwiwPZ n‡q I‡V| Avgv‡`i Kvgbvi Ask¸‡jv, Avgv‡`i evmbvi Lи‡jv Ôwelye †iLvÕ AwZµg K‡i Xz‡K c‡o ÔD¾wqbxi gKiMwjÕ‡Z| KweZvi cvkvcvwk Av‡Q Zuvi bvbvb gv‡ci, wfbœgvÎvi

M`¨iPbv| †m-iPbvi e„ËwU †KejB e‡ov nq, †KejB AwZµg Ki‡Z Pvq †K‡›`ªi kvmb| Zuvi-iPbvq Rxe‡bi wbi_©Zv AbbyKiYxq e¨Äbvq dz‡U D‡V‡Q, hw`P AwšÍ‡g wZwb Rxebew›` `k©‡biB AbyMvgx| eR©‡bi a‡g©i g‡a¨B wZwb MÖn‡Yi Kg©wU K‡i‡Qb myPviæfv‡e| ÔGKwU mwZ¨Kvi A‡_© gvbyl, Zvi hv fv‡jv jvM‡e ZvB Ki‡e, ïay gvby‡li Aw¯Í‡Z¡i Ges cwiP‡qi Zvi mvwe©K Kj¨v‡Yi wecix‡Z bv †M‡jB nj|Õ Ñ iweDj nymvB‡bi GB †h Dw³ Ñ Zv wK †Kv‡bvfv‡eB ب_©‡evaK Kivi AeKvk Av‡Q? Zv †hgb †bB, †Zgwb Avevi Zuv‡K ej‡Z ïwb Ñ Ô†gv‡o-†gv‡o IuZ‡c‡Z _v‡K kã-mš¿vmx, Afvebxq, Ñ †Zgwb _v‡K Avb›`gq dêyaviv hv Rxe‡bi, GB eÇ Rbg`ytLx GK gvbe m¤úÖ`v‡qi, hvi m‡½ wgwjZ nq mgMÖ gvbeKz‡ji gvbweKZv, kVZv, †cÖg, bvix, cyiæl Avi cÖK…wZRvZ NUbvweNUbvi|Õ Zuvi M`¨fvebvi wPÎ `xN© Ges wKQyUv RwUj n‡jI, AšÍign‡ji Mvp I M~p fvl¨ Avgv‡`i cÖmbœ K‡i| hv wKQy wecixZ, ZviI GKwU wbw`©ó Abykvmb †_‡K hvq| Avevi †h-mKj welq c‡ÿi, Zv‡`iI _v‡K bvbv cÖv‡šÍ duvK-†duvKo| Zuvi †`Lvi `„wófw½ Ges Zuvi cÖKv‡ki kãgva¨g wQj †KejB Zuvi| †mLv‡b wZwb fvlviƒc‡K mw¾Z K‡i‡Qb Avcb gvay‡h©| Kíbv I ev¯Í‡ei Lи‡jv GKwÎZ K‡i Mwo‡q w`‡q‡Qb AwšÍ‡gi c‡_| †Kv‡bv djvd‡ji Avkv wKsev †Kv‡bv we›`y ¯ú‡k©i Awfjvl wZwb †cvlY K‡ibwb| gvby‡li †fZi †_‡K Ab¨ gvbyl †ei K‡i Avbvi Awfhv‡b Zuv‡K KL‡bv K¬všÍ n‡Z †`Lv hvqwb|

†e½j cvewj‡Kkb&m-cÖKvwkZ wµ‡÷vdvi †ewbbRv‡ii eB‡qi cÖKvkbv Abyôv‡b

13


`yB

Avgv‡`i hLb cvjøv †V‡j †fZ‡i †XvKvi mgq, ZLb Zuvi cvjøv Ly‡j †e‡iv‡bvi †ejv| MZ kZvãxi †mB lv‡Ui `k‡Ki ga¨fv‡M hLb AvKvkfwZ© AÜKvi, Rwgb‡Rvov ay‡jv Ges Rj-QjQj †bÎgÐj Ñ ZLb cÖ‡KŠkj wek^we`¨vjq †Zvjcvo K‡i KwZcq we`¨v_x© ÔbvÕ aŸwb‡Z nvwi‡q w`‡”Q mKj Ônu¨vÕ‡K| GB ÔbvÕ †hb AeÁvi, Ae‡njvi, wemR©‡bi Ges wewbg©v‡Yi| wkí-mvwn‡Z¨i cÖPwjZ AÂjwU dzu w`‡q Dwo‡q †`evi †Ljvq gË ZiæY‡`i Ab¨Zg wQ‡jb iweDj nymvBb| ¯’cwZ iweDj nymvBb kã-jvwU‡gi ˆZwi e„ËwU †cbwm‡ji AMÖfv‡M †f‡O Kj‡gi WMvq ˆZwi Ki‡jb AbšÍ bÿ‡Îi †gjv| AvKvk Dcyo K‡i †hb ZviKvivwR Qwo‡q coj f‚-fv‡M Ñ ˆZwi n‡jv bZzb KweZvi gvjv| ÔAvKvk †_‡K †Svjv‡bv R‡ji †`vjbvq PÕ‡o/ k~b¨ †_‡K Zviv Aweivg wb‡P †b‡g c‡o|Õ Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi †ev‡ai we›`ywU GZ †ewk b‡oP‡o †h, Zv‡K †Quvqv cÖvq `yiƒn| †h-gyn~‡Z© wZwb e‡jb, ÔZLb wQ‡jv e„nr Rxeb ÿz`ª e„Ë/ GLb A‡bK ÿz`ª Rxeb e„nr e„ËÕ; wVK cigyn~‡Z©B w¯’iK…Z †K›`ª †_‡K mÕ‡i wM‡q Avwe®‹vi K‡ib Ñ ÔNyiwQ Avwg Nyi‡ev Avwg/ ga¨e„‡Ë g„Zz¨ewa NyiwQ Avwg AweiZ|Õ KweZv‡K wb‡q GB †h †Ljv, Zv eywS-ev Qwo‡q †M‡jv Rxe‡b| Rxeb Lyu‡o †c‡Z PvB‡jb nxiKLÐ| wKš‘ †Luvov, †Kej †Luvov Ñ cv_i †h Avi †kl nq bv| GKRb iweDj nymvBb wf‡Uevwo‡Z †h Lbb cÖwµqvq Rwo‡q †M‡jb, Zv Zuv‡K ¯’cwZi gh©v`v w`‡jv †hgb, Avevi †Zgwb †Nvi Kz‡qvi †fZi bvwg‡q AZ‡ji dw›`-wdwK‡i gwR‡q w`‡jv! ïay GKwU gvbyl Mfxi iv‡Z eviv›`vq `uvwo‡q GKv GKv Auvav‡ii cvZvSiv `¨v‡L Kwe iweDj nymvBb| Rb¥ 31 Rvbyqvwi 1943, iwZfv½v, wSbvB`n| wcZv †Zvdv¾j †nv‡mb| ¯’vcZ¨we`¨vq mœvZK| lv‡Ui `kK †_‡K †jLv‡jwLi m‡½ Rwo‡q wQ‡jb| KweZv cÖavb welq n‡jI, K_vmvwnZ¨, cÖeÜ wKsev wkïmvwn‡Z¨I Zuvi i‡q‡Q mej Awfhvb| cwiev‡ii cÖwZ `vwqZ¡, ¯^Rb‡`i cÖwZ mnvbyf‚wZ, †`k I `‡ki Rb¨ g½jgq fvebv Zuv‡K w`‡q‡Q me©RbMÖv‡n¨i mb`| AvRxeb fv‡jvevmvi KvOvj GB gvbylwU bKwkKuv_v †_‡K Zz‡j G‡b‡Qb KvKvZzqv, AvYweK †evgvi AcicÖv‡šÍ †`‡L‡Qb km¨gq D¾¡j cÖvšÍi| Zuvi AÜKvi †hgb iRwb‡f`x GK w`Kwb‡`©kbv, †Zgwb Av‡jvI m~‡h©i GK Rxeb`vwqbx Dcgv| i‡³i cÖevn‡K ü`q †_‡K gw¯Í‡®‹ mÂvj‡bi gva¨‡g †hgb ˆPZ‡b¨i we¯Ívi N‡U, †Zgwb KweZv‡K mvi a‡i `uvo Kwi‡q kÎæi †gvKv‡ejv Ki‡Z w`‡j ïiæ nq R‡oi g‡bvµxov| ˆPZb¨ I R‡oi ˆØi‡_ Kwe †Kej †Luv‡Rb Zuvi jÿ¨we›`y| Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi GB jÿ¨we›`y Kx? hyw³i g‡a¨ cÖwZhyw³ ¯’vcb K‡i †h-KznK m„wó nq ZvB eywS-ev Zuvi Awfavb| wKsev mij‡iLvwU µgvš^‡q wdwi‡q G‡b †Kv‡bv AvqZb m„wó KivI n‡Z cv‡i Awfwb‡ek| m`vcÖdzjø GB gvbylwU Ô†Kvb& cÖej Kvi‡Y Ny‡i Ny‡i N~Y©ve‡Z© g‡i...!Õ

wZb

†h euvavaiv Q‡K evsjv KweZv GLb `vev †Lj‡Q, Zvi evB‡i iweDj nymvB‡bi †KvU©| G gvV KL‡bv Zxi †Qvovi, KL‡bv Kzw¯Íi| Zx‡ii WMvq wel †bB, Z‡e †Pv‡L w¯’i n‡q Av‡Q Pvjv‡bvi †KŠkj| Aciw`‡K †cwki AšÍiv‡j †h-†jvwnZKwYKv Ñ Zv †Zv Avwgl I mwâi wgjwgk|

14

`yB KvVv Rwg‡Z ¯^cœmeyR †mvbvwj GBme RxebaviY cÖYvjx wK m¤¢e †Kv‡bvg‡Z †n gnvb ¯’cwZÕ Zxi †Qvov n‡jv| GLb we›`y‡K ¯úk© Kivi `vwqZ¡ m~Pv‡jv AMÖfv‡Mi| ¯’cwZ hLb Zuvi Ae¯’vb w¯’i K‡i ¯^cœ Zz‡j Avb‡Z Pvb, ZLbB †`Lv †`q wecwË| cvZvi Avov‡j GKUv ïu‡qv †cvKvi cÖRvcwZZ¡ Pj‡Q| m„wóin‡m¨i Kv‡Q Kwe wb‡R‡K mgc©Y Ki‡jb| GB †h Pj‡Q, GB-B eywS wbqwZ| GB Pjvi AwšÍ‡g Kx Ñ Zv wK KL‡bv †KD †`‡L‡Q? ¯’cwZ I Kwe iweDj nymvBb wKš‘ †gje܇bi KvRwU Lye mn‡RB K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi evj¨Kvj, Zuvi ¯§„wZ, Zuvi †hŠeb, Zuvi hvcb Ñ Zuv‡K ÔNyOziciv b¨vs‡Uv ev”PvUvi b~cyi NyOzi/ UzsUvs kã ¸wU-¸wU cv‡q †`Šoyw”Q‡jvÕ Ñ AwZµg Ki‡Z †`q bv| ZvB †Zv Zuvi KweZv eY©bvi mvi‡j¨, Kvwe¨K †hŠw³KZvq Acivci †_‡K wfbœ| wZwb KwVb‡K Mwj‡q Zij K‡ib, Zvici Zij‡K ev®ú| †m-ev®ú Avgv‡`i wP‡Ë †`q wPšÍvi bZzb im`| PKLwo-†cbwmj-Kj‡gi GK †hŠ_ Awfhv‡b iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZv mnRcvV AwZµg K‡i| evievi Zuvi K_v wd‡i Av‡m| GKRb iweDj nymvBb KL‡bv iweDjfvB, Avevi KL‡bv iwe`v n‡q cye-cwð‡g mgvbfv‡e AvOzj †Zv‡jb Ges NªvY †kuv‡Kb| Avgvi †PbvRvbvi GB `xN© mg‡q, QvÎRxeb cvi K‡i Kg©Rxe‡b avbgwÐ GjvKvq, ga¨`ycyi-Mfxi ivZ K‡iwQ| Zuvi †Uwej wN‡i †Uªwms †ccvi Ges KweZvi cvÐzwjwciZ wQj hyMj b„‡Z¨| Ôc`vejxÕi †mB gy» KvjwU wQj KZ mybvg wb‡q Ñ kvgmyi ivngvb, AveyRvdi Ievq`yjøvn, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, mvBwq` AvZxKzjøvn, †ejvj †PŠayix, iwdK AvRv`, AiæYvf miKvi, nvqvr mvBd †KD †bB| iweDjfvB, AvR wK Avcbvi K_v ejvi Rb¨B Avgv‡K A‡cÿv Ki‡Z n‡”Q? RvZxq KweZv cwil‡`i †mB ïiæ †_‡K fimvi kx‡l© wQ‡jb iweDj nymvBb| Av‡iv KZ msMVb : e½eÜz †g‡gvwiqvj Uªv÷, gyw³hy× Rv`yNi, KwPKuvPvi †gjv ... meLv‡b wQ‡jv Zuvi VuvB| ¯’cwZ wn‡m‡e ˆ`‡N©¨-cÖ‡¯’ †hgb we¯Í…Z n‡q‡Qb, †Zgwb wQ‡jb EaŸ©gyLx| KweZvi cvkvcvwk n‡iKiK‡gi †jLv wb‡q e¨¯Í wQ‡jb Avg„Zz¨| GKRb †fZ‡ii gvbyl b`xi wbq‡g cÖevwnZ nq, Avi evB‡i _v‡K nvRv‡iv e›`i| ¯úk© Ki‡Z nq, wfo‡Z nq, Avevi Lyj‡ZI nq| wKš‘ Kwe‡K †h n‡Z nq mgy`ª| b`xiv cÖevwnZ †nvK b`xi wbq‡g gvbyl I mgy`ª G‡Z Lye Lywk n‡e

`yB

A‡bK NvU AwZµg K‡i, wKsev eû e›`i ¯úk© K‡i †gvnbvq †cuŠQy‡Z nq ¯^cœ-mva c~i‡Yi Rb¨| GK Rxe‡b Zv nq‡Zv bv-I n‡Z cv‡i Ñ ZviciI hvÎvc‡_i AwfÁZvB ev Kg Kx‡mi? KuvUv I cy‡®úi mn-Ae¯’vb †_‡K ïiæ K‡i wng I Zv‡ci cÖZvc cÖvY‡K †`q cÖvY AwZµg Kivi ¯úa©v| Kwe I ¯’cwZ iweDj nymvBb GK Rxe‡b eû Rxeb LyuR‡Z Pvb e‡jB D”PviY K‡ib Ñ hv‡`i Rxeb wVK evbv‡b Rxeb Zv‡`i n«¯^ Rxeb evbvb C-Kv‡i e¨vKiY-me©¯^ mg‡q R-G B-KviI †ek gnvN© Rxeb hv‡`i fzj evbv‡b Zv‡`i Rxeb `xN© r


kÖ ×v Ä wj

iwe`v Ggb GKRb huv‡K fv‡jvev‡mb bv, Zuvi wbg©j nvwm‡Z gy» bb, f³ bb, Ggb KvD‡K Lyu‡R cvIqv Lye `y®‹i! †m-Kvi‡YB GB ¸Yvewji Kv‡Q mKj cyi¯‹vi gø­vb n‡q hvq!

wcÖqRb P‡j hvb bv-†divi †`‡k, †_‡K hvB AfvMvRb!

Qv

KvRx †Mvjvg bvwmi

weŸk b‡f¤^i, `y-nvRvi Dwb‡ki mKv‡j evsjv‡`k ¯’cwZ Bbw÷wUD‡Ui (ev¯’B) mv‡eK mfvcwZ Ges AvK©Gwkqvi AvMvgx mfvcwZ wn‡m‡e wbe©vwPZ wcÖq eÜz ¯’cwZ W. Avey mvC‡`i †dv‡b Nyg fvOj! ga¨iv‡Z ev Elvj‡Mœ †Kv‡bv †dvb †c‡j Avgvi GKlwÆ eQ‡ii ey‡Ki †fZiUv †Ku‡c I‡V, fq nq; g‡b nq Lye wcÖq wKQy nviv‡bvi Lei Avm‡e! n‡jvI ZvB| mvC‡`i gy‡L ïbjvg Avgv‡`i ¸iæ, AwffveK, wcÖqRb, †`ke‡iY¨ ¯’cwZ I Kwe, iweDj nymvBb, Avgv‡`i mK‡ji wcÖq iwe`v Avi Avgv‡`i gv‡S †bB! 15


†bB †kvbvi ci †dv‡bi K_v †_‡g †Mj, `yR‡bB jvB‡b wKš‘ K_v †bB, wbe©vK! K‡ói †evSv‡K jvjb Ki‡Z n‡e Ñ Ggb fvebv †_‡KB g‡b n‡jv, Avgv‡`i GB c_Pjvi Rxe‡b, Rxebe„‡Ëi †K‡›`ªi Lye Kv‡Qi GKRb gvbyl AvR mKv‡j †bB n‡q †M‡jb! †KD wQ‡jb wKš‘ †bB! GB Av‡Q Ges †bB‡qi gv‡S k~b¨Zvi †h-e¨vwß, K‡ói †h-ZxeªZv Zv AšÍ‡i, Abyf‡e wb‡Z n‡j huvi Rb¨ ü`‡q GB ¶iY nq †mB gvbyl‡K wPb‡Z nq, wbR g‡bi Mwnb †_‡K Zuv‡K Abyf‡e wb‡Z Rvb‡Z nq, Zuvi g‡b LvwbKUv n‡jI RvqMv K‡i wb‡Z nq!

`yB

evsjv‡`‡k Gwkqvi GKzkwU †`‡ki ¯’cwZ‡`i m‡¤§jb ÔAvK©Gwkqv †dvivg ... wekÕ †kl n‡Z-bv-n‡ZB Lei G‡jv iwe`v Amy¯’! Zuvi G-Amy¯’Zvi Le‡i cÖqv‡Yi K‡qKw`b Av‡M GK mKv‡j, ¯’cwZ KvRx byiæj Kwig, w`jyfvB wn‡m‡eB †ewk cwiwPwZ Zuvi, wZwb Avi Avwg we‡kl AbygwZ wb‡qB weGmGgGgBD‡Z iwe`v‡K †`L‡Z wM‡qwQjvg! †`Lv n‡j wZwb nvmcvZv‡ji

16

weQvbvq e‡m Avgv‡`i ej‡jb, ÔGKUz `~‡i emyb, Avwg †Zv GLb Rv‡g©i KwVb wW‡cv!Õ †mw`b mKv‡ji wZwik wgwb‡Ui Avgv‡`i wZbR‡bi K‡_vcK_‡b Zuvi KZ K_v, KZ ¯§„wZPviY! †mB mgqKv‡jI ev¯’B wb‡q K_v, m`¨mgvß AvK©Gwkqv m‡¤§jb wb‡q K_v! Avgiv bv Ki‡jI wZwb ej‡Qb Avi Avgiv ïbwQ! Avm‡j Zuvi †h ej‡ZB n‡e, ev¯’B, ¯’cwZ I ¯’vcZ¨ †h Zuvi ü`‡qi Mwn‡b †cÖvw_Z!  cuwP‡k b‡f¤^‡ii iv‡Z Nygv‡Z hvIqvi Av‡M w`jyfvB‡qi m‡½ ciw`‡bi †cÖvMÖvg wVK KiwQjvg! e‡jwQjvg, mKv‡j iwe`vi Kv‡Q hve, Zv‡K †`Le, GKUz K_v e‡j w`b ïiæ Kie! g‡bi mKj B‡”Q KL‡bv c~iY nq bv, cÖK…wZ Zv Pvq bv! nq‡Zv AZ…wß kãwU Rxeb †_‡K nvwi‡q hv‡e †mB fq _v‡K cÖK…wZi!  QvweŸ‡ki mKv‡j mvC‡`i †dvb †c‡q w`jyfvB‡K Rvbvjvg Avi †gvev‡k¦ifvB‡K! wZbRb wg‡j nvmcvZv‡ji c‡_ hvÎv Ges Zvi gv‡S iwe`vi f³‡`i †LuvR †bIqvi DËi! †cuŠQv‡Z †cuŠQv‡Z †`wL Zuvi eÜz Avi f³‡`i AvMgb evo‡Q! gvbbxq msm` m`m¨ Awf‡bZv Avmv`y¾vgvb b~i Ges Kwe ZvwiK myRvZ mgy‡L G‡Mv‡jb,


A½‡b ¯^xK…wZ w`‡q w`‡jb! iwe`v †evanq GiKgB, wb‡j©vf, AwZ m¾b, eÜzermj GKRb gvbyl!     Ggb GKRb my›`i g‡bi gvby‡li m‡½ Avgvi Mfxi cwiP‡qi ïiæ evsjv‡`k ¯’cwZ Bbw÷wUD‡Ui (ev¯’B) wbe©vnx cwil‡` Zuvi m‡½ KvR Ki‡Z wM‡q! wZwb mfvcwZ Avi Avwg GKRb wbe©vnx m`m¨ gvÎ! Gi Av‡M Zuv‡K wPbZvg †`‡ki cÖL¨vZ Dc‡`óv cÖwZôvb knx`yjøvn A¨vÛ A¨v‡mvwm‡qU‡mi GKRb ¯’cwZ KY©avi wn‡m‡e, gy‡L wKQy AvUKvq bv Ggb cÖwZev`x GK ZiæY wn‡m‡e, wZb wKš‘ AvšÍwiKZv ZL‡bv ZZUv Rb¥vqwb!  mKvj †_‡KB cÖvYnxb iwe`vi m‡½ Avgiv! †Mvmj‡k‡l avbgwÐ, knx`yjøvn A¨vÛ A¨v‡mvwm‡qU‡m †hvM`v‡bi Av‡M wZwb QvÎ Zuvi evwoi PZ¡‡i Zuv‡K ivLv n‡jv! `ycy‡ii w`‡K cÖavbgš¿x _vKvKvjxb †_‡KB msmv‡ii `vwqZ¡ Kuv‡a wb‡q ev¯‘Kjvwe‡` avbgwЇZ G‡jb iwe`v‡K †klev‡ii g‡Zv †`L‡Z! `ycy‡i ¯’vcZ¨ AvPvh© gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi m‡½ KvR K‡i‡Qb, `ywbqv†mLv‡b RvbvRv‡k‡l Avevi weGmGgGgBDi wngN‡i! A‡c¶v Kuvcv‡bv cÖ‡KŠkjx Gd Avi Lv‡bi m‡½ KvR K‡i‡Qb, cov‡kvbv ciw`b mKv‡ji!  †k‡l ¯’cwZ AvjgMxi Kwei Ges ¯’cwZ mvgmyj Iqv‡i‡mi ¯’cwZ, Kwe iweDj nymvBb wb‡q KZ ¯§„wZ Avgvi GB ÿz`ª m‡½ wb‡R‡`i GKwU cÖwZôvbI M‡owQ‡jb! wKQyw`b LÐKvjxb RxebRy‡o! KZ NUbv, †`k Ges †`‡ki evB‡ii! ¯§„wZPvi‡Y wk¶KZvI K‡iwQ‡jb Zuvi wcÖq we`¨vcxV  evsjv‡`k cÖ‡KŠkj †Zv GKvwaK üócyó eB‡qi m¤¢vi! GK Rxe‡b †m-¯§„wZi Pvi‡Y wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ¯’vcZ¨ Abyl‡`!    avbgwÐ Pvi b¤^i mo‡Ki †j‡Ki Zx‡i ev¯’B‡qi †mB cÖ_g Avgvi GB Rxeb †Zv A‡bK †ewk ÿz`ª, avi‡Yi †ek evB‡i! AvwK©‡U±m wiwRIbvj KvDwÝj Gwkqv, ms‡¶‡c AvK©Gwkqv! Gi  Awd‡m e‡m wbe©vnx cwil‡` KvR Ki‡Z wM‡q Abyfe Kijvg, A‡bK Kvh©Ki KwgwUi g‡a¨ GKwU KwgwU †d‡jvwkc KwgwU! Kx wekvj gv‡ci GKRb‡K GZ KvQ †_‡K †`Lvi my‡hvM huviv `yevi AvK©Gwkqv KvDwÝj wgwUs‡q †`k‡K cÖwZwbwaZ¡ †c‡qwQ, Zuvi †bZ…‡Z¡ GK‡Î Kv‡Ri my‡hvM m„wó n‡q‡Q! Zvici K‡ib, Zuviv IB KwgwUi m`m¨ nIqvi †hvM¨Zv AR©b K‡ib Kv‡Ri m~‡Î µgvš^‡q Kv‡Q hvIqv, NwbôZv, Ges cÖwZw`b bZzb Ges AvK©Gwkqv †d‡jv wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ nb! GB KwgwU iƒ‡c †Pbv! AvR ev¯’B A‡bK cwiYZ, wkí I mvwnZ¨RM‡Zi A‡bKUv AvK©Gwkqvi wPšÍvi fvÛvi wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i, cÖ‡qvR‡b ¸Yx‡`i m‡½ A‡bK AšÍi½Zv! wkí, mvwnZ¨ I ¯’vc‡Z¨i GB †h wbe©vnx KwgwU‡K Dc‡`k †`q! G-KwgwUi †bZ…Z¡‡K e‡j KwgwU †gjeÜb, wkíx, †jLK I ¯’cwZ‡`i †h-m¤ú‡K©i m~ÎcvZ Zvi Kb‡fbi, †mB Kb‡fbi wbe©vP‡bi Rb¨ Avgiv GKevi iwe`v‡K AbyNUK wQ‡jb iweDj nymvBb, mK‡ji wcÖq iwe`v!  wb‡q cÖwZØw›ØZv Kijvg! iwe`v Rqx n‡jb, Zuvi wecix‡Z whwb cuvP wbe©vP‡b `uvwo‡qwQ‡jb wZwb fve‡Z cv‡ibwb Ggb K‡i nvi‡eb, eyS‡Z cv‡ibwb Gwkqvi †`k¸‡jv‡Z Ab¨vb¨ ¯’cwZ †bZvi Kv‡Q ¯^vaxbZv-DËi evsjv‡`‡k GKwU †ckvRxex cÖwZôv‡bi Rb¥ †bIqv KwgwU‡Z ¯’vcZ¨ AvPvh© gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi m‡½ cÖ_g iwe`vi Ae¯’vb, Zuvi eÜz‡Z¡i we¯Í…wZ KZ`~i! Zuvi †bZ…‡Z¡i IB mgqKv‡j `yB eQi iwe`vi m‡½ †_‡K wbe©vnx KwgwU‡Z wZwb cÖwZôvZv †UªRvivi wn‡m‡e hy³ wQ‡jb! KvR K‡iwQ Ges iwe`vi Kb‡fbi _vKvi mgqKv‡j †h cÖ_g †ckvRxex‡`i  Rb¨ GKwU cÖwZôvb‡K wbR cv‡q `uvo Kiv‡bvi †d‡jvwkc wW‡i±wi †ei K‡iwQjvg; GL‡bv †mUvB †d‡jvwkc Rb¨ Rxebfi AK¬všÍfv‡e cwikÖg K‡i‡Qb iwe`v! Avm‡j wZwb K‡g©i cÖwZ wb‡ew`Z GKRb, gvby‡li KwgwUi cÖ_g cÖKvkbv| Avkv Kwi AvMvgx eQi Av‡iKRb evsjv‡`wk †d‡jvwkc Kb‡fbi, iweDj nymvB‡bi wcÖqRb, ¯’cwZ DcKv‡i wb‡qvwRZ GKRb! mK‡ji fv‡jvevmvi GB cvÎ KvRx Avwi‡di `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi mgqKv‡j wØZxq cÖKvkbv Avm‡e ev¯’B‡qi Pviev‡ii mfvcwZ, `w¶Y Gwkqvi AvÂwjK ¯’vcZ¨ Ges †mLv‡b iweDj nymvBb Avgv‡`i mK‡ji fv‡jvevmvi Bbw÷wUD‡Ui kxl© cÖwZôvb mv‡P©i GK mg‡qi mfvcwZ, Gwkqvb RvqMvUzKz wb‡qB _vK‡eb!  ¯’vcZ¨ Bbw÷wUDUmg~‡ni Ab¨Zg kxl© cÖwZôvb AvK©Gwkqvi Ab¨Zg mnmfvcwZ, AvK©Gwkqvi †d‡jvwkc KwgwUi Kb‡fbi, Pvi KgbI‡qj_fz³ †`kmg~‡ni ¯’vcZ¨ Bbw÷wUD‡Ui kxl© cÖwZôvb AvK©Gwkqv cwiev‡ii GKwU ixwZ Av‡Q! AvK©Gwkqv m‡¤§j‡bi wmGGi mnmfvcwZ, KweZv cwil‡`i mfvcwZ, †`‡k MYZš¿ †kl w`‡b mKj †`‡ki m`m¨ ¯’cwZiv wg‡j GKwU `viæY cÖwZôv Av‡›`vj‡bi AMÖhvÎx, gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii Uªvw÷, gyw³hy‡×i mvs¯‹…wZK Abyôvb K‡ib, eÜz‡Z¡i ivwÎ! m`m¨ mK‡j wbR wbR ¯§„wZ msMÖvnK, e½eÜz Uªv÷, XvKv bMi Rv`yNi, wkï‡`i KwPKuvPvi †`‡ki welq Dc¯’vcbv K‡ib! Ggb GKwU AvK©Gwkqv m‡¤§j‡b †gjv, NvZK `vjvj wbg©~j KwgwU Ggwb KZ cÖwZôv‡bi m‡½ Zuvi Avgv‡`i m‡½ GKevi huviv wM‡qwQ‡jb, Zuv‡`i G-ai‡bi m¤úK©, mKj RvqMv‡ZB Zuvi m¤ú„³Zv GKRb wb‡ew`Z Kgx© Kvh©µg cvj‡b AwfÁZv Lye †ewk D”Pgv‡bi bv nIqvq Kx wn‡m‡e! Kiv hvq fve‡Z fve‡Z Avwg GKwU Qov wjLjvg AvK©Gwkqvi 1943 mv‡ji 31 Rvbyqvwi wSbvB`‡n Rb¥ †bIqv wkïwUi w_g wb‡q, AvK©Gwkqv cwiev‡ii eÜzZ¡ wb‡q! bvg w`jvg, †eu‡P †kl wbk¦v‡mi mgqKvj 2019-Gi 26 b‡f¤^i! 76 eQ‡ii _vKzK AvK©Gwkqv! †jLvwU iwe`v‡K †`Lvjvg, wZwb cy‡iv †jLvwU mgqKv‡j Zuvi Rxe‡bi A‡bK DÌvb-cZb! Rxebhy‡×i co‡jb, †jLvwU Bs‡iwR‡Z Uªv݇jU K‡i wb‡RB Dc¯’vcb GKRb jovKz ˆmwbK! AwePj, `„p GK g‡bve‡ji gvbyl! G Ki‡jb IBw`‡bi Av‡qvR‡b! Ave„wËi Av‡M mKj‡K Rvwb‡q g‡bvej bv _vK‡j wcZvi g„Zz¨i ci msmvi Ges `vwq‡Z¡i Pv‡c w`‡jb wZwb Ave„wË Ki‡jI †jLvwU Zvi bq, †jLvwU Avgvi!  †Kv_vI bv †Kv_vI PvKwi‡Z Xz‡K Rxeb †_‡K nvwi‡q †h‡Zb wZwb †h‡nZy Kwe ZvB Av‡iKRb ÿz`ª Kwe‡K AvšÍR©vwZK wZwb! GK‡ivLv, cÖwZev`x GK Ziæ‡Yi Avi Rb¥ n‡Zv bv! m‡½ ¯’cwZ †gvev‡k¦i Avi byiæj Kwig!  cÖv_wgK wPšÍv †_‡K G‡jv, AvR‡K iwe`v‡K †kl †Mvmj w`‡q Zuvi avbgwÐi evmv Nywi‡q Avevi G‡b wngN‡i ivLv n‡e, ciw`b mKv‡j †K›`ªxq knx`wgbv‡i ivLv n‡e me©R‡bi kÖ×vÁvc‡bi Rb¨, Zvici RvbvRv †k‡l `vdb! b~ifvB‡K ejjvg, `vd‡bi Av‡M Zuvi wcÖq ¯’vb ev¯’B cÖv½‡Yi gvwU †Quvqv‡Z PvB! gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii Uªvw÷ gwd`yjfvB ej‡jb Rv`yN‡ii K_v|    

17


ZvB †Zv ¯’vc‡Z¨i AvwObvq QvÎ _vKvKvjxb IB `yB Kuv‡a cy‡iv cwiev‡ii IRb wb‡qwQ‡jb mvn‡mi m‡½! Zuvi Rxe‡bi GB jovB‡qi wPÎ evisevi G‡m‡Q Zuvi †jLbx‡Z! wPivPwiZ evK‡mvi evB‡i G‡m KvR K‡i‡Qb wZwb, ¯^xK…wZ †c‡q‡Qb Kv‡Ri Rb¨! eû bv›`wbK ¯’vcZ¨ m„wói RbK, eû Mí, KweZv, Dcb¨vm, cÖe‡Üi iPwqZv, cÖKvwkZ eû eB Zuvi f³ cvVK‡`i nv‡Z! 2009 mv‡j Kwe wn‡m‡e evsjv GKv‡Wwg c`‡K f‚wlZ, c‡i 2013 mv‡j ¯’cwZ wn‡m‡e Zuvi mvgwMÖK Kvh©µ‡gi Rb¨ evR©vi jvBdUvBg A¨vwPf‡g›U A¨vIqvW©, 2016 mv‡j †ckvRxex cÖwZôv‡bi kxl© m¤§vb ev¯’B ¯^Y©c`K Ges 2018-†Z †`‡ki Rb¨ Ae`v‡bi †¶‡Î Ab¨Zg GK m¤§vbbv GKz‡k c`K! Ggwb K‡i nvwi‡q bv †M‡j Avgv‡`i ¯§„wZi fvÛv‡i Zuvi c`KcÖvwßi msL¨v µgvš^‡q evoZ, Rxe‡bi Kg©‡¶‡Î Av‡iv bvbvwea m¤§v‡b wZwb f‚wlZ n‡Zb! 

Qq

iwe`v Ggb GKRb huv‡K fv‡jvev‡mb bv, Zuvi wbg©j nvwm‡Z gy» bb, f³ bb, Ggb KvD‡K Lyu‡R cvIqv Lye `y®‹i! †m-Kvi‡YB GB ¸Yvewji Kv‡Q mKj cyi¯‹vi gø­vb n‡q hvq! †`k wKsev we‡`k, hLwb †Kv‡bv ¯’vc‡Z¨i m‡¤§j‡b AskMÖnY, ZLwb Avgvi Ab¨Zg m½x iwe`v Avi w`jyfvB! Zuviv `yRb Avevi Av‡iv AšÍi½Zvq, †nv‡U‡j iæg‡gU! Zuvi m‡½ AvÇv, M‡í Avi Rxe‡bi ¯§„wZPvi‡Y nvwi‡q †hZvg Avgiv! m`¨mgvß AvK©Gwkqv m‡¤§j‡b A‡bK †`k †_‡K A‡bK ¸i毒cwZ evsjv‡`‡k G‡mwQ‡jb ïay Zuv‡`i eÜz iweD‡ji m‡½ †`Lv Kivi Rb¨! Ggwb Zuvi MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv, Ggwb Zuvi eÜzfvM¨! Zuvi cÖqv‡Y Avgvi GB ¯’cwZRxe‡bi GKRb †g›Ui, eÜz, mn‡hv×v, AwffveK Ges eofvB‡qi Av`‡ii †Quvqv †_‡K AvRxe‡bi Rb¨ ewÂZ njvg Avwg! 

18

mvZ

Avcbvi cv‡k e‡m, ¯úk© wb‡q, †mœ‡ni cik wb‡q Ggwb Av`‡ii Qwe Avi †Kv‡bvw`b †Zvjv n‡e bv iwe`v! †hLv‡b P‡j †M‡jb †mLv‡b fv‡jv _vKzb, Avgv‡`i g‡bi Mwn‡b †R‡M _vKzK Avcbvi GB AbšÍ c_Pjv! AšÍR©v‡ji RM‡Zi GB Qwe Zuvi Avcb gwngvq fv¯^i n‡q _vKzK, wcÖq iwe`v‡K Avgvi gv‡S wb‡q AvmyK evisevi!  kxZ G‡jB Avgvi Mjvq GKwU gvdjvi †Sv‡j! miKvwi PvKwiRxex wn‡m‡e UvB bv Szwj‡q G-gvdjvi †Svjv‡bvi Rb¨ A‡bK eKvI †L‡qwQ; wKš‘ gvdjvi Qvo‡Z cvwiwb! whwb eKv w`‡Zb, wZwbB Avevi AvZ¥c¶ mg_©‡b Zuvi m½x‡`i ej‡Zb Ñ ÔIi K_v ev` `vI, wkíx gvbyl, hv gb Pvq ciæK!Õ Avcbv‡K †`‡LB GUzK z Avcbvi †_‡K †bIqv, wcÖqRb‡K GKUz A‡Üi g‡ZvB AbyKi‡Yi †Póv! ZvB †Zv †Kv_vI gvdjvi wKb‡Z †M‡j GKB iKg `ywU nv‡Z DVZ Ñ GKwU Avgvi, Av‡iKwU Avcbvi Rb¨!   cÖL¨vZ ¯’cwZ I wbg©vZv Gbvgyj Kwig wbS©‡ii m‡½ GKv‡šÍ K_v ejvi mgq iwe`v AKc‡U ¯^xKvi K‡iwQ‡jb, ¯’vcZ¨ wb‡q Zuvi covi Aby‡cÖiYv wQj GKwU Pzwi Kiv ¯’vcZ¨ g¨vMvwRb! GKwU Pzwi †gwWK¨v‡ji cÖv½Y †_‡K ¯’vc‡Z¨i A½‡b Zuv‡K G‡b w`‡qwQj! jvB‡eªwi †_‡K wZwb g¨vMvwRbwU Pzwi K‡iwQ‡jb, Zuvi fv‡l¨ †mUvB Zuvi Rxe‡bi cÖ_g I †kl Pzwi! iwe`v Avcwb Rv‡bb bv, Avcbvi Rxe‡bi K‡g© I e¨env‡i, wbg©j I mij nvwm‡Z Avgv‡`i g‡Zv jv‡Lv gvby‡li ü`q Avcbvi ARv‡šÍB Avcwb Pzwi K‡i‡Qb Ges GB Pzwi cÖwµqvq Rxe‡bi †klw`b ch©šÍ mwµq †_‡K †M‡Qb Avcwb! ZvB mvZvk b‡f¤^‡ii mKv‡j †K›`ªxq knx`wgbvi cÖv½‡Y Ges we‡K‡j knx` eyw×Rxex Kei¯’v‡bi mv‡o wZb nvZ gvwUi NiwU, Avcbvi †kl Avevm‡bi ¯’vbwU, eûR‡bi g‡bi Ges †Pv‡Li R‡j evisevi wf‡RwQj! r


kÖ ×v Ä wj

iweDj nymvBb wek¦vm Ki‡Zb †h, gyw³hy‡×i fvev`k© †_‡K †`k wePz¨Z n‡j gyw³hy‡×i ¯^‡cœi evsjv‡`k cÖwZôv Kiv hv‡e bv|

gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii iweDj

i

mviIqvi Avjx

weDj nymvB‡bi eo cwiPq wZwb GKRb cÖwZwôZ Kwe, wPÎ-mgv‡jvPK I wewkó ¯’cwZ| Aek¨ wZwb ü`‡qi Mfx‡i jvjb K‡i‡Qb gyw³hy‡×i ¯§„wZ msiÿ‡Y wbišÍi AvMÖn Ges †h-fvev`‡k©i ivóª cÖwZôvi Rb¨ ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡ki Rb¥ n‡q‡Q Zvi cÖwZ MfxiZi AvKzwZ| GwU iweD‡ji †Kv‡bv c„_K mËv bq| Zuvi AwaKvsk KweZvq gvbe-gvbexi AvšÍtm¤úK© I cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki AšÍ‡ii bvbv wewPÎ Abyf‚wZi cÖKvk N‡U‡Q| Z‡e mgKvjxb NUb-ANUb Ges e½eÜz‡K wb‡q iwPZ mKj KweZvq gyw³hy‡×i †e`bv I †MŠi‡ei mÜvb cvIqv hvq| Zuvi wb‡`©kbv I cwiKíbvq wbwg©Z G-msµvšÍ ¯’vcbvq cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q gyw³hy‡×i NUbvewji ˆkwíK cÖwZdjb| G-ai‡bi ¯’vcbvq wZwb m‡PZbfv‡e e¨envi Kivi †Póv K‡i‡Qb evsjvi gvwU I Rj †_‡K Drcvw`Z DcKiY| Zuvi KweZvq †hgb cÖvqB welYœZvi Qvc jÿ Kiv hvq, †Zgwb G-ai‡bi ¯’vcbvq gyw³hy‡×i †e`bvi cÖwZ”QweI jÿ Kiv hvq| 19


gyw³hy‡×i ¯§„wZ msiÿ‡Y iweD‡ji cÖ_g c`‡ÿc ÔGKvˇii hvÎxÕ bv‡g msMV‡bi gva¨‡g| beŸB‡qi `k‡Ki cÖ_gw`‡K wZwb K‡qKRb mnKgx©mn gyw³hy‡×i cwiwPZ I `yj©f wKQy Av‡jvKwPÎ msewjZ A¨vjevg cÖKvk Ges evsjv‡`k hye BDwbq‡bi gva¨‡g Zv cÖPv‡ii e¨e¯’v K‡ib| G-m~Î a‡iB Avgiv Ab¨ mvZRb 1994 mv‡ji ga¨fvM †_‡K cÖvq cÖwZiv‡Z gyw³hy‡×i ¯§„wZ msiÿ‡Y cÖvwZôvwbK cÖqvm cvIqvi Rb¨ ˆeV‡K wgwjZ nB, Avi Zvi dj 1996 mv‡j gyw³hy× ¯§„wZ Uªv÷ MVb I wbeÜb| Gi c‡ii eQiB gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii AvZ¥cÖKvk| cÖavbgš¿x †kL nvwmbv bewbwg©Z ¯’vqx gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii wfwËcÖ¯Íi ¯’vcb I D‡Øvab Abyôv‡bi e³‡e¨ Rvwb‡q‡Qb, wZwb I iweDj nymvBb iweDj nymvB‡bi covi Ni BwZc~‡e© gyw³hy× Rv`yNi cÖwZôvi welqwU we‡ePbv K‡iwQ‡jb| myZivs aviYv Kiv hvq †h, G-wPšÍvwU iweD‡ji gv_vq eûw`b a‡iB NyicvK Lvw”Qj| 1995 mv‡j Uªv÷ wbe܇bi ci Avgiv Rv`yN‡ii Rb¨ Dchy³ fe‡bi mÜv‡b †b‡gwQjvg| `y-GKwU evmvevwo cQ›` nq; wKš‘ Rv`yN‡ii Rb¨ Zviv fvov w`‡Z AcviM| Ae‡k‡l †m¸bevwMPvq A‰ea `Lj`vi‡`i nvZ †_‡K D×v‡ii k‡Z© GKwU evmv fvov cvIqv hvq| gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii Uªvw÷‡`i m‡iRwgb cwi`k©‡bi NUbvwU †ek g‡b c‡o| †`vZjv evmvq cÖvq cÖwZwU Ni mve‡jU †`Iqv, eû cwiev‡ii †mLv‡b evm; wmuwo‡Z K‡qKwU QvMj †eu‡a ivLv n‡q‡Q, evwoi cv‡ki †Lvjv RvqMvq ˆ`wbK †`‡ki wKQy wbw®Œq gy`ªYhš¿ c‡o Av‡Q| Avgvi ZvrÿwYK cÖwZwµqv, G-evmvq Rv`yNi Kiv hv‡e bv| wKš‘ iweDj gy» bq‡b weªwUk Avg‡ji bKkvq wbwg©Z AZx‡Z †Kv‡bv wn›`y ag©vej¤^xi emZevwUwU †`‡L I Pvicvk ch©‡eÿ‡Yi ci w¯’i wm×všÍ Rvbvb, G-evmv‡ZB Rv`yNi Kiv m¤¢e| eû K‡ó evwowU `Lj`vigy³ Kivi ci iweDj Kv‡R bvg‡jb| HwZn¨ msiÿ‡Y m‡PZb I AbyMZ iweDj evwowUi g~j KvVv‡gv I Af¨šÍixY A½m¾v e`jv‡bv hv‡e bv Ñ G-k‡Z© Zuvi ZrKvjxb cÖwZôvb knx`yjøvn A¨v‡mvwm‡qUm‡K w`‡q cybwe©b¨v‡mi Kv‡R nvZ †`b| Zuvi cwiKíbv Abyhvqx †cÖ‡mi ¯’v‡b wgjbKÿ ˆZwi nq, †hLv‡b gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii wbqwgZ mfv I Pjw”PÎ cÖ`wk©Z nq| †cQ‡b ¯’vwcZ nq gy³gÂ, hv Kg©m~wPwfwËK Rv`yN‡ii Rb¨ GKvšÍ cÖ‡qvRb wQj| wZbZjvi wP‡j‡KvVvq, †hLv‡b Avgiv cÖwZw`b Av‡jvPbv K‡i Rv`yN‡ii cÖ¯‘wZKg© mgvav K‡iwQ, †mLv‡b c‡i AvaywbK weÁvbm¤§Z AvK©vBf ¯’vcb Kiv nq| iweDj nymvB‡bi cwiKíbvq †`‡k eû D‡jøL‡hvM¨ ¯’vcbv mK‡ji `„wó AvKl©Y K‡i| Z‡e ¯’vcZ¨Ávb I gyw³hy‡×i ¯§„wZ msiÿ‡Y wb‡ew`ZcÖvY iweD‡ji wPšÍv Ges `ÿZvi AmvaviY mswgkÖY N‡U‡Q GB gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡i| Avgvi we‡ePbvq Zuvi †miv Kv‡Ri Ab¨Zg wb`k©b GwU| `yB `kK a‡i GB Rv`yNi gyw³‡hv×v, kwn` cwievi, bZzb cÖR‡b¥i mšÍvb I gyw³hy‡×i fvev`‡k© wek¦vmx me©R‡bi wgjb‡ÿ‡Î cwiYZ n‡q‡Q| gyw³hy×

20

Rv`yNi eZ©gv‡b AvMviMuvI‡q cÖvq GK GKi Rwg‡Z QqZjv fe‡b ¯’vbvšÍwiZ n‡q‡Q| Z‡e †m¸bevwMPvq Zuvi ZË¡veav‡b M‡o IVv Avw` gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii GKwU †iwcøKv fv¯‹h© PZ¡‡i ivLvi cwiKíbv MÖnY Kiv nq Ges iweDj †m-`vwqZ¡ MÖnY K‡ib| Zuvi AvKw¯§K cÖqvY m‡Ë¡I G-KvR Avgv‡`i m¤úbœ Ki‡Z n‡e| 1971 mv‡j ewikvj kn‡i Iqvc`v K‡jvwb‡Z GKwU wbh©vZb‡K›`ª wQj| †mLvb †_‡K ew›`‡`i wbKUeZx© fMœcÖvq †mZz‡Z wb‡q nZ¨v K‡i kvLvb`x‡Z †d‡j †`Iqv n‡Zv| ewikv‡ji †gq‡ii wb‡`©kbv I Avw_©K Aby`v‡b wbh©vZb I ea¨f‚wg Kg‡cø‡·i cÖv_wgK bKkv iweDj ˆZwi K‡iwQ‡jb| †`‡ki wewkó ¯’cwZiv G-m~Î a‡i restoration-Gi KvRwU Ki‡Qb| 8 wW‡m¤^i Ôewikvj gy³ w`e‡mÕ G-Kg‡cø‡·i AbvbyôvwbK D‡Øvab n‡e| iweD‡ji hvIqvi K_v wQj, G-Av‡ÿcI i‡q †Mj| iweDj nymvBb gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii AwfÁZvi m~‡Î e½eÜz ¯§„wZ Rv`yNi I RvZxq Rv`yN‡ii Uªvw÷ †ev‡W©i m`m¨ wQ‡jb| AvMviMuvI I ¯’vqx gyw³hy× Rv`yNi wbg©v‡Yi Rb¨ ZuviB myev‡` Institute of Architects wgwjZfv‡e GKwU AvšÍR©vwZK Rywi †evW© MVb K‡i| Avgv‡`i cÿ †_‡K iweDj I gwd`yj G Rywi †ev‡W©i m`m¨ wQ‡jb| mËiwU bKkvi ga¨ †_‡K Zuviv †miv bKkvwU w¯’i K‡ib Ges †mB bKkvq wekvj Rv`yNi wbwg©Z nq| iweDj nymvBb wek¦vm Ki‡Zb †h, gyw³hy‡×i fvev`k© †_‡K †`k wePz¨Z n‡j gyw³hy‡×i ¯^‡cœi evsjv‡`k cÖwZôv Kiv hv‡e bv| †mRb¨ wZwb me©`v BwZnvm weK…wZi weiæ‡× I hy×vcivax‡`i wePv‡ii wel‡q Avg„Zz¨ AwePj wQ‡jb| †mRb¨ wZwb NvZK-`vjvj wbg~©j KwgwU‡Z hy³ nb| Zuvi jÿ¨ wQj, mKj a‡g©i mg-AwaKviwfwËK MYZvwš¿K ivóª cÖwZôv| 1994 mvj †_‡K cuwPk eQi iweD‡ji m‡½ g~jZ gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii bvbv Kg©Kv‡Ð Nwbôfv‡e KvR Kivi my‡hvM n‡q‡Q| †`‡k bxwZi cÖwZ AwePj mK‡ji Kv‡Q MÖnY‡hvM¨ gvbyl cvIqv fvi| AgvwqK mv`vg‡bi gvbyl iweDj †mB weij e¨w³‡`i GKRb| r


kÖ ×v Ä wj

Kwe iweDj nymvBb †eu‡P _vK‡eb Zuvi KweZvi gva¨‡g, evsjv‡`‡ki cvV‡Ki ü`‡q Zuvi ¯’vb _vK‡e wPiRvMÖZ, Agwjb|

Kwe I ¯’cwZ iweDj nymvBb

K

Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK

weZv cwil‡`i gva¨‡gB Avgvi Zuvi m‡½ cwiPq| Ges cÖ_g w`b †_‡KB Zuvi AgvwqK e¨envi, f`ªZv, mnvbyf‚wZkxj `„wófw½ Ges KweZvi cÖwZ Zuvi AvbyMZ¨ Avgv‡K AvKl©Y K‡i‡Q| wZwb wQ‡jb Avgv‡`i GKRb wcÖq gvbyl| m`vnvm¨ Zuvi †Pnviv GL‡bv Avgvi †Pv‡Li cvZvq fv‡m| Avgvi †P‡q AbyR wZwb| Kxfv‡e Avgv‡`i †Q‡o P‡j †M‡jb? GB †kvK †Zv mn‡R KvwU‡q IVvi bq| Avwg gvÎ Kw`b Av‡M nvmcvZv‡j Zuvi †Kwe‡b e‡m Mí K‡iwQ| Zuvi †gwWK¨vj †ev‡W© Ask wb‡qwQ| ZLb †Zv Zuv‡K †`‡L Avgvi we›`ygvÎ m‡›`n nqwb †h, wZwb Avgv‡`i †Q‡o P‡j hv‡eb| mZ¨ eo wbg©g| Avi †mB mZ¨ Avgv‡`i Rvbvb w`‡”Q, wZwb Avi BnRM‡Z †bB| Avgv‡`i mKj‡K †kvKmvM‡i fvwm‡q wZwb we`vq wb‡q‡Qb| cÖwZeQi KweZv cwil‡`i Abyôv‡b Zuv‡K Avgiv Avi g‡Â †Pv‡L †`Le bv Ñ Gi g‡Zv 21


Kó Avi Kx n‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e Avgvi e¨w³MZ †kvKcÖev‡n †Zv GUvB wbg©g mZ¨ n‡q †`Lv w`‡q‡Q †h, Kwe iweDj nymvBb Avi †bB| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki †mB AbyR wcÖq KwewU Avi BnRM‡Z †bB, huv‡K wZwb Zuvi R‡jk¦ixi w`bcÎxi †fZ‡i eo †mœ‡ni m‡½ wjwce× K‡i †M‡Qb| Kwe iweDj nymvBb‡K GKK_vq g~j¨vqb Kiv Avgvi c‡ÿ m¤¢e bq| wZwb lv‡Ui `k‡Ki nvswi ev ÿzavZ© †Rbv‡ik‡bi cÖwZf‚ wQ‡jb| lv‡Ui †mB †Rbv‡ikb, hLb c„w_exe¨vcx ZiæYiv we‡`ªvn K‡iwQj cÖPwjZ mgvRe¨e¯’vi weiæ‡×| Zviv mvgªvR¨evw`Zv‡K, AvMÖvmb‡K, hyׇK N„Yv Ki‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQj, Zviv A‡b‡K B”Qv K‡i wb‡Ri IciI bvbvwea AvZ¥aŸsmvZ¥K cixÿv-wbixÿv Pvwj‡qwQj| †eu‡P _vKvi g~j¨‡eva‡K Zviv bvbv Avw½‡K cÖKvk Ki‡Z †P‡qwQj| Ges Zvi †XD G‡m †j‡MwQj my`~i GB evsjv‡`‡kI| ZviI Av‡M Avgv‡`i †`‡k fvlv-Av‡›`vjb n‡qwQj| †mB Av‡›`vj‡b Avgiv RvwZMZfv‡e cÖwZev`x †PZbvq DØy× n‡qwQjvg| gvZ…f‚wg ¯^‡`‡ki cÖwZ Avgiv bZzb `„wó‡Z ZvwK‡q †`Lvi Aby‡cÖiYv Abyfe K‡iwQjvg| Avgiv †kK‡oi mÜv‡b g‡bv‡hvMx n‡qwQjvg| Gici Av‡m GKvËi| GB GKvËi Avgv‡`i ¯^vaxbZvi ¯^cœ †`Lvq Ges †mB ¯^vaxbZvi R‡b¨ Avgv‡`i i³ w`‡Z AvnŸvb Rvbvq| Ges Avgiv Ae‡k‡l ¯^vaxb-mve©‡fŠg GKwU iv‡óªi Awaevmx nIqvi †MŠie AR©b Kwi| Kwe iweDj nymvBb GB mewKQyi Kv‡ji mvÿx, hv Zuvi KweZv‡K †`k, gvwU I gvby‡li cÖwZ g‡bv‡hvMx K‡i Zz‡jwQj| Zuvi KweZvq †cÖ‡gi †Kv‡bv Bwjwewj †bB; wKš‘ Av‡Q RxebNwbô `k©‡bi wKQy Dcv`vb, Rxe‡bi A‡š^lv, Ges welv`wK¬óZv, hv gvbeRxeb‡K wRÁvmy K‡i Zzj‡Z cvi½g| Dcgvq, cÖZx‡K, wPÎK‡í Zuvi KweZv Avi `kR‡bi KweZvi †P‡q ZvB wfbœ| †ivgvw›UKZv‡K cwinvi K‡i wZwb gvby‡li Rxeb‡K ev¯ÍeZvi Avqbvq cÖwZdwjZ K‡iwQ‡jb| †mLv‡b gvby‡li Avkv, Avkvf½, welYœZv, Rxe‡bi Amvi g~j¨‡eva‡K KweZvi gva¨‡g Aciƒcfv‡e iƒcvwqZ Kivi †Póv K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb GB mgvR, GB gvbyl Ges gvby‡li hveZxq g~j¨‡eva‡K wb‡Ri `„wófw½ w`‡q AvqË K‡i wb‡qwQ‡jb Ges ¯^vZš¿¨‡ev‡a

22

wb‡R‡K D¾xweZ K‡i Zz‡jwQ‡jb| Zuvi Mfxi mvBwKi †fZi wb‡Ri gvZ…f‚wgi cÖwZ †cÖg, msMÖvg, gyw³hy× Ges e½eÜz IZ‡cÖvZfv‡e RwoZ wQj| g„`yfvlx iweDj KL‡bv †mv”Pvi wQ‡jb bv; wKš‘ wZwb Zuvi Av`k© †_‡K, Rxebev`x `„wófw½ †_‡K †Kv‡bvw`b wePz¨Z nbwb| e¨w³MZ †jvf-jvjmv ev L¨vwZi cÖwZ Zuvi †Kv‡bv AvKl©Y wQj bv| wZwb wQ‡jb wb‡Ri Avcb fze‡b fveyK GKRb gvbyl| wb‡R‡K cÖvq wZwb wbKURb‡`i mgy‡L Zz”Q-Zvw”Qj¨ K‡i Pj‡Zb| GKevi wZwb KzwoMÖv‡g wM‡qwQ‡jb ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki mgvwa¯’jwU cwi`k©b Ki‡Z, †h‡nZz †mLv‡b GKwU ¯§„wZ Kg‡cø· †Zvjvi †NvlYv w`‡qwQj miKvi Ges Kwe iweDj nymvBb wQ‡jb Zvi ¯’cwZ| †mLv‡b ¯’vbxq GKRb A¨vW‡fv‡K‡Ui evmvq wbgwš¿Z n‡qwQ‡jb wZwb| Avwg Zuvi m‡½ wQjvg| Lvevi †Uwe‡j Miæi gvsm †`‡L wZwb †mwU mwi‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb| †mUv jÿ K‡i A¨vW‡fv‡KU mv‡ne DwØMœ n‡q e‡j D‡VwQ‡jb, ÔIwK iweDjfvB? Miæi gvsm mwi‡q w`‡”Qb †Kb? GLvbKvi Miæi gvsm Lye my¯^v`y|Õ Zuvi K_v ï‡b Kwe iweDj nymvBb e‡j D‡VwQ‡jb, ÔAvwg wb‡Ri ¯^RvwZi gvsm LvB bv!Õ Zuvi †m-K_v ï‡b Avgiv mK‡j mPwKZ n‡q DV‡j iweDj †n‡m e‡j D‡VwQ‡jb, ÔAv‡i †ev‡Sv bv †Kb, Avwg wb‡RB †Zv GKUv Miæ! Avwg Avevi Miæi gvsm Lv‡ev Kx K‡i?Õ †mB gvbylwU AK¯§vr evsjvi mvwnZ¨fzeb †_‡K AšÍwn©Z n‡jb †`‡L Avgiv eo †e`bvwK¬ó n‡qwQ| Z‡e cÖK…wZi wbqg †g‡b Avgv‡`i mKj‡K GKw`b P‡j †h‡Z n‡e| Kwe iweDj nymvBb †eu‡P _vK‡eb Zuvi KweZvi gva¨‡g, evsjv‡`‡ki cvV‡Ki ü`‡q Zuvi ¯’vb _vK‡e wPiRvMÖZ, Agwjb| wZwb hLb Zuvi KweZvq D”PviY K‡ib, Kx Ggb cÖZ¨vkv †h Avm‡ZB n‡e cÖwZevi bv G‡mI †Zv Avmv hvq g‡b g‡b Avkv hvq Avkv Av‡m evisevi Avmv hvq Avmvi Avkvq emv hvq wmsnvm‡b| evsjvi Kwe iweDj nymvBb Zuvi KweZvi cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q Ôbv G‡mI †Zv Avmv hvq g‡b g‡bÕ n‡q cÖwZfvwmZ n‡q _vK‡eb| r


kÖ ×v Ä wj

iweDj nymvB‡bi m„RbxmËvi A‡bK m~Î AcÖ‡qvRbxq cÖeÜ eBwUi GKwÎkwU cÖe‡Ü bvbvfv‡e DrKxY© n‡q Av‡Q| we‡kl K‡i KweZv wb‡q †hme cÖeÜ wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, †mme cÖe‡Ü Zuvi KweZv-m¤úwK©Z fvebvi K_v cvIqv hvq|

iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZv I‡o Rxe‡bi kZ cZvKv

K

gvmy`y¾vgvb

_vUv e‡jwQ‡jb †ev‡n©mB, GKUv we‡kl mg‡q GKRb e¨w³gvbyl †h-AwfÁZvi †fZi w`‡q Zuvi mgqUv AwZµg K‡ib, †m-AwfÁZvB Zuvi †jLvq cÖwZdwjZ nq| ïay †ev‡n©m bb, wkímvwn‡Z¨ wb‡ew`Z cÖ‡Z¨K gvby‡li K_v GwU| †ev‡n©m G-welqwU‡K Avqbvi iƒc‡K Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb, Ôwkí n‡”Q †mB Avqbv hv Avgv‡`i gyLUv‡K †`L‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i|Õ GB gyL, ejv evûj¨, Avgv‡`i g‡bvRM‡Zi cÖwZwe¤^, A_©vr m„wókxj iPbv| cybiæw³ n‡jI iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZv-cÖm‡½ G-K_v¸‡jv D‡jøL KiwQ GB Kvi‡Y †h, iweDj nymvB‡bi mvgwMÖK wkíhvc‡biB Ask n‡q D‡VwQj Zuvi KweZv| GUv NU‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQj Zuvi †jLK-Rxe‡bi ïiæ †_‡KB| wZwb ïay GKRb Kwe bb, wQ‡jb Avgv‡`i 23


mgKvjxb RvwZMZ mvs¯‹…wZK Av‡›`vjb I PP©vi cy‡ivav e¨w³Z¡| KZUv wZwb Gm‡ei m‡½ mshy³ wQ‡jb, KZUv G-welq¸‡jv Zuvi m„wókxjZv‡K cÖfvweZ K‡iwQj, AcÖ‡qvRbxq cÖeÜ kxl©K Zuvi cÖeÜ-msKjbwUi †jLv¸‡jv co‡jB Zv †evSv hvq|

`yB

iweDj nymvB‡bi m„RbxmËvi A‡bK m~Î AcÖ‡qvRbxq cÖeÜ eBwUi GKwÎkwU cÖe‡Ü bvbvfv‡e DrKxY© n‡q Av‡Q| we‡kl K‡i KweZv wb‡q †hme cÖeÜ wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, †mme cÖe‡Ü Zuvi KweZv-m¤úwK©Z fvebvi K_v cvIqv hvq| †mBm‡½ Ab¨ cÖeܸ‡jv‡Z wZwb Kxfv‡e Avgv‡`i mvs¯‹…wZK Kg©Kv‡Ði m‡½ hy³ wQ‡jb, ZviI weeiY Av‡Q; Avi IB weei‡Yi g‡a¨B Zuvi wkí-ms¯‹…wZ m¤úwK©Z fvebvi m~θ‡jv i‡q †M‡Q| KweZvq GKai‡bi ÔA½xKviÕ _v‡K Avi Zv n‡jv Ôfv‡jv KweZv †jLv|Õ Ômv¤úÖwZK Kwe I KweZvÕi wKQy K_v kxl©K cÖeÜwU Gfv‡e ïiæ K‡i iweDj nymvBb wj‡L‡Qb, ÔKweZvi K_vi g‡a¨ _vK‡e fwel¨‡Zi exR, †h¸‡jv cieZx©Kv‡j GK-GKwU k~b¨ ev dm‡j iƒc †b‡e Ges †mLvb †_‡K Avevi exR I k‡m¨i Rb¥ n‡e| Gfv‡eB Pj‡e Gi ci¤úiv|Õ Kwe‡K, K…l‡Ki iƒc‡K Dc¯’vcb K‡i wj‡L‡Qb, ÔmgMÖ gbyl¨ cwiev‡iiÕ m‡PZb cÖwZwbwa wn‡m‡e Kwei A½xKvi n‡”Q Ôgvby‡li AwaKviÕ‡K wk‡í iƒcvšÍwiZ Kiv| KweZv n‡”Q mewKQyi mvims‡ÿc : †eva, `k©b, we‡ePbv, Ávb, aviYv, wnsmv, †cÖg, N„Yv, hy×, nZ¨v, a~Z©Zv, kVZv, †K¬`v³Zv, Abyfe, Aegvbbv, cÖwZwU gvbweK cÂBw›`ªqRvZ †ev‡ai cÖKvk| G-KweZv whwb wjL‡eb, †mB Kwe‡K n‡Z n‡e ÔAvaywbK, D`vi, `„óvšÍg~jK, Av`k© I AMÖmigvb|Õ wZwb ÿz`ª ¯^v_© I my‡hvMmÜvbx gbgvbwmKZv Z¨vM K‡i ÔgvbweK a‡g© `xwÿZÕ n‡q Ôgy³‡evaPP©vi dmjÕ wn‡m‡e KweZv iPbv Ki‡eb| Kwei GB f‚wgKvi K_v ejvi cvkvcvwk Kwe-cÖm‡½ Av‡iKwU iƒcK e¨envi K‡i‡Qb wZwb, †mUv n‡jv wPwKrm‡Ki : mvaviYfv‡e KweZv GKwU wbqwgZ e¨w³MZ D”PgvMx©q †ivRbvgPv †jLvi wbqwZ, GKv GKv wb‡Ri m‡½ cÖwZØw›ØZv Kiv ev ü`q I †evamsµvšÍ hveZxq PP©vq Avg~j wbgw¾Z †_‡K, wb‡R wPwKrmK †m‡R wb‡Ri ü`‡q i³ÿiY Amnvqfv‡e †`Lv| m„wókxjZv cÖKvk cvq wbZ¨bZzb †ev‡ai cÖKv‡k, k‡ãi gva¨‡g| GLv‡b Kwe nb wPwKrmK, Avwe®‹viK, m„wókxj GKRb mªóv, wbZ¨bZzbcÖqvmx, wPiRvMiƒK I Abyf‚wZm¤úbœ| iweDj nymvB‡bi g‡Z, GB n‡”Qb Kwe| GB ms‡e`bvi cvkvcvwk KweZvi KjvcÖKiY wb‡qI Kwe‡K m‡PZb n‡Z n‡e| Abvqvmjä wkímylgvnxb wK¬‡k ˆkjx‡K cwinvi K‡i Ôwkí¸Ym¤úbœÕ KweZv wjL‡Z n‡e Kwe‡K| G-K_vwU Af‚Zc~e© bq, A‡bK KweB KweZvi iPbvixwZi wewkóZvi Ici ¸iæZ¡ Av‡ivc K‡i‡Qb| wKš‘ iweDj nymvBb Kxfv‡e †mUv †`‡L‡Qb, †m-w`KwUI Zuvi KweZvi PvwiΨ D‡b¥vP‡b mnvqK n‡Z cv‡i| wZwb †ek ¯úó K‡iB e‡j‡Qb, KweZv Ôwbqgme©¯^ GKwU ˆkjxÕ| ÔZzwg-gvK©vÕ KweZvi m„wó †nvK; wKš‘ Zv wkí¸Ym¤úbœ n‡Z n‡e| wZwb jÿ K‡i‡Qb, KweZvPP©v G‡`‡k GLb ch©šÍ ˆ`wbK cwÎKvi gva¨‡gB n‡q Avm‡Q| cÖwZ mßv‡n wecyjmsL¨K KweZv, Mí, cÖeÜ Qvcv n‡”Q wKš‘ mvwn‡Z¨i gvb evo‡Q bv| GLb Kwei Ôgv_vq I †ev‡a nvRviUv A¨v‡›Ubv Ry‡o †`IqvÕ Av‡Q Ges ÔKweZv MVbg~jK, m„wóg~jK, Aek¨B Gi wbqgbxwZ wbw`©óÕ Av‡Q| Gm‡ei ga¨ †_‡K Kwe‡K ÔbZzb c‡_i mÜv‡b eªZx n‡Z n‡e hy‡Mi Ges mg‡qi cÖ‡qvR‡b| GB wel‡q Kl©Y I AvniY LyeB cÖ‡qvRb|

24

¯^fve-Kwei hyM GLb †bB, ¯^vfvweK Kwei hyM GLb| GL‡bv †h‡nZz KweZv me©MÖvmx, me©ÎMvgx †mBRb¨ Kwe‡KI AwfÁZv I Áv‡bi Rb¨ GBiƒc cwiYZ nIqvi cÖqv‡m wbqwgZ n‡Z n‡e|Õ iweDj nymvBb GB †h K_v¸‡jv ej‡jb, Zv wQj Zuvi cwiYZ Rxe‡bi fvebv| wKš‘ KweRxe‡bi ïiæ‡ZB wZwb ey‡SwQ‡jb †h, MZvbyMwZK c‡_ bq, cÖPwjZ bv›`wbK ixwZ Avi fvev`k©‡K cwinvi K‡i ev Kg ¸iæZ¡ w`‡q mvwnZ¨PP©vq wb‡ew`Z n‡Z n‡e| GB j‡ÿ¨B MZ kZ‡Ki †klw`‡K wZwb hLb cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ¯’vcZ¨we`¨vi QvÎ, ZLb bv bv‡g GKwU wjUj g¨vMvwRb cÖKvk K‡ib| mZx_© Kwe-h‡kvcÖv_x©‡`i m‡½ wb‡R †Rvi w`‡qwQ‡jb ÔAwfÁZv I Áv‡biÕ Ici| wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb bZzb ai‡bi KweZv| divwm Kwe A¨vc‡jwbq‡ii Øviv cÖfvweZ wQj †mme †jLv| KweZvi m¤ú~iK, hv‡K wZwb e‡j‡Qb ÔQwei †iLvÕ ev ÔQweZvÕ, ZvB w`‡q KweZv iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb| wb‡RB Rvbv‡”Qb : GB iKg `y‡Uv KweZv Gu‡K wj‡LwQjvg, gvZvj Ges mvc| GQvov jw¤^Z Lvov Ges Avby‡fŠwgK jvB‡bi AuvUmuvUe×Zvagx© KweZvI wQj| e³e¨, welq I Qwe wg‡j GB cÖqvm Lye `yiƒn Avi QvcvQvwcI we‡kl g‡bv‡hvM I K‡ói| GiKg KswµUagx© KweZvi †evanq GLv‡b †meviB me©cÖ_g m~Pbv nq| hw`wPýnxb, Vvmeybywb, jvBb›`x, RMÏj kãgvjv w`‡q KweZv, A‡¼i †hvM, ¸Y, eªv‡KU w`‡q Ges m‡e©vcwi †cÖgnxb †hŠbZvi evovevwo, †hŠbwnsmv A_ev †hŠbÿzavm¤^wjZ cÖMjfc~Y© †hŠbcjvqbx g‡bve„wËg~jK mvejxj D”Pvi‡Y cO&w³gvjv iwPZ n‡qwQj| G-mg‡qB cÖKi‡Yi w`K †_‡K bZzb ai‡bi KweZv iPbvi cvkvcvwk welq-fvebviI cÖmviY NUwQj bvbv ai‡bi cwðgx fvevc©‡Yi gva¨‡g : XvKvi mvwnZ¨ AvenvIqv‡Z ZLb ÿz‡` cwÎKvi ayg| we‡jZ Avi Av‡gwiKvi exU, ivMx, KjKvZvi nvswi ev ÿzavZ© †Mvôxi †jLv‡jwL Avi Iw`‡K mv‡Î©i Aw¯ÍZ¡ev`x Mí-Dcb¨vm Ges Gi m‡½ Kvgy-KvdKvi AÜKvigMœ wkímvÿvr Avgv‡`i n‡q‡Q| KK‡Zv-ivq-†eixg¨v‡bi Pjw”PÎ Ges jyB Kv‡bi ¯’vcZ¨ me Pvÿzl †`‡LwQ| ivRbxwZ‡Z fvlv Av‡›`vjb †_‡K RvZxqZvev`x gvbwmKZvi iƒc‡iLv I Zvi ev¯Íevqb-cÖwµqv Pj‡Q wØRvwZZ‡Ë¡i m„wó cvwK¯Ívwb Jcwb‡ewkKZvq| GK ai‡bi gvbm-QzU& †mB AvenvIqvi Av‡ek| DwjøwLZ D×…wZi †k‡li w`‡K †h ÔcvwK¯Ívwb Jcwb‡ewkKÕ cÖwµqvi K_v e‡j‡Qb iweDj nymvBb, cieZx©Kv‡j ¯^vaxbZvDËi mgqc‡e© †`Lv hv‡e KweZv iPbv QvovI Kwe‡`i gvbweK †kÖ‡qv‡ev‡ai cÖwZ GKai‡bi Ôwek¦vm I cÖZ¨qÕ _vKv DwPZ e‡j D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb| KvRI K‡i‡Qb Gi mc‡ÿ| Kweü`q memgq my›`‡ii g½‡ji Ges Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ AvKzj| `ytL-†e`bv, RvMwZK I gvbwmK AbvKvw•ÿZ †Kvjvnj, mvgvwRK I ˆ`wkK Awe‡ePbvcÖm~Z wm×všÍmg~n, e¨w³MZ I g‡bvMZ D‡cÿv, Acgvb I AwePvi Ñ mewKQzi DRv‡b †R‡M iq ¯^cœ I Av‡jv‡Ki D¾¡j wewKiY| gvby‡li †kÖ‡qv‡ev‡ai DÌvb I cwiPh©v me wk‡íiB gyL¨ D‡Ïk¨| Rxebvb›` `v‡ki KweZvi Av‡jvPbv cÖm‡½ GB K_v¸‡jv e‡jwQ‡jb iweDj nymvBb| K_v¸wj‡K we¯Í…Z K‡i Av‡iv Rvwb‡q‡Qb, ÔKwei hveZxq †eva Avi †PZbv AÜKv‡ii †fZ‡i kvk¦Z Av‡jvKewZ©Kvi g‡Zv D™¢vwmZ Ñ meB cÖfvZ, meB m~‡h©v`q|Õ KweZv n‡”Q GB gnËg Abyf‡ei kvwãK iƒc Avi


cÖMvp D”PviY| Ø›Ø I msNvZgq cwi‡ek-cÖwZ‡e‡k KweZv Avkv I ¯^‡cœi K_v e‡j hvq| Avgiv gvbyl gvÎB †e`bvi mšÍvb| c„w_exi mf¨Zv, BwZnvm mgvR me GwM‡q hv‡”Q; wKš‘ w`b w`b gvby‡li cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv K‡g hv‡”Q wKsev ejv hvq wcwQ‡q hv‡”Q µgvMZfv‡e| GB ˆeix-wecixZ cwi‡e‡kI gvbyl civwRZ nq bv, Zvi ¯^‡cœi †fjv msNvZgq Rj‡mªvZ cvwo w`‡q ZiZi K‡i Av¸qvb nq, gvby‡li RqMvb Mvq Avi ¯^‡cœi K_v e‡j| gvbeRxe‡bi GB wecÖZxc AbyfeB KweZv| GB AbyfeB gvbea‡g©i jÿ¨ e‡j g‡b K‡i‡Qb iweDj nymvBb : KweZv †hb a¨v‡bi MfxiZg Abyfe hv mbœ¨vmeª‡Zi K_v g‡b Kwi‡q †`q, AviI g‡b Kivq KweZv GK cweÎ RxebNb I cÖK…wZNb Av‡Z¥vcjwäi gw›`ªZ gš¿c~Y© D¾¡wjZ D”PvwiZ gvbea‡g©i mvivrmvi| DwjøwLZ Av‡jvPbv †_‡K mn‡RB KweZv m¤ú‡K© iweDj nymvBb Kx fve‡Zb, m~Îe× Kiv hvq : [1] KweZvq Kwei _vK‡Z nq GKai‡bi A½xKvi hv fwel¨cÖmvix| [2] Kwe mgMÖ gbyl¨-mgv‡Ri m‡PZb cÖwZwbwa| [3] KweZv gvbexq †ev‡ai cÖKvk| gvbweK cÖwZwU welq KweZv aviY K‡i _v‡K| [4] Kwe n‡eb gvbea‡g© `xwÿZ| gy³‡evam¤úbœ gvbyl| [5] gvby‡li hš¿Yv-AvwZ© Kwe ü`q w`‡q Dcjwä K‡ib| [6] KweZvq _v‡K wbqge× ˆkjx| [7] KweZv‡K n‡Z nq wkí¸Ym¤úbœ m„wó| [8] KweZvq AwfÁZv I Áv‡bi Ici ¸iæZ¡ †`qv cÖ‡qvRb| mg¯Í wkíB n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i GB Ávb I AwfÁZvi Drm| [9] KweZv iPbv Ki‡Z n‡e gvbweK †kÖ‡qv‡ev‡ai Ici wfwË K‡i| [10] KweZv n‡”Q gnËg Abyf‡ei kvwãK cÖMvp D”PviY| [11] Ø›Ø-msNv‡Zi K_v KweZvq _vK‡e, Z‡e Kwe wjL‡eb Avkv I ¯^‡cœi K_v| [12] KweZv Av‡Z¥vcjwäRvZ gvbea‡g©i mvivrmvi|

wZb

Av‡šÍvwb‡qv gvPv‡`v GKevi e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔKwe‡`i nv‡Z i‡q‡Q m~² Zš‘, GB Zš‘ w`‡qB Avgv‡`i ¯^cœ, ïayB ¯^cœ, ey‡b †h‡Z n‡e|Õ GB ey‡b hvIqvUvB GKai‡bi e„Ë| iweDj nymvB‡bi g‡a¨I GB e„Ëve× gvby‡li †evaUvB cÖLi| †e½j cvewj‡Kkb&m †_‡K cÖKvwkZ Zuvi AvgMœ KvUvKzwU †Ljv (2012) Kve¨MÖ‡š’i ïiæi KweZvwUi GKUv As‡k Av‡Q : NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg Rxeb wb‡q AvwgB Avgvi jvwUg n‡q wbiewa NyiwQ Avwg e„‡Ëi †fZi NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg Nyi‡ev Avwg ga¨e„‡Ë g„Zz¨ewa NyiwQ Avwg AweiZ NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg µgvMZ| ÔjvwUgÕ bv‡gi KweZvi GUvB n‡”Q AwšÍg ¯ÍeK| KweZvwU‡Z jvwU‡gi iƒc‡K e¨w³gvby‡li e„Ëve× Rxe‡bi K_v ejv n‡q‡Q| KweZvUvi ïiæ GKai‡bi ch©‡eÿY †_‡K| KweZvi K_K, nq‡Zv Kwe wb‡RB, Rvbv‡”Qb, Zvi GKUv †cqviv Kv‡Vi jvwUg wQj| gvwUi Õc‡i e„Ë Gu‡K Zvi †fZ‡i kã K‡i jvwUgUv NyiZ|

jvwU‡gi ¯’v‡b Avgiv hw` gvbyl‡K cÖwZ¯’vcb Kwi, Zvn‡j KweZvUvi A_© Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q ¯úó n‡q hvq| Z‡e G‡Kev‡i w¯’i bq G-Rxeb| wØZxq ¯Íe‡KB †m-K_v Av‡Q : Av‡M wQj Ôe„nr Rxeb ÿz`ª e„ËÕ Avi ÔGLb A‡bK ÿz`ª Rxeb e„nr e„Ë|Õ ˆkk‡ei e„Ëve× Db¥y³ Rxe‡bi ÿz`ª e„Ë †_‡K eqm evovi m‡½ m‡½ Avgv‡`i Rxe‡bi e„ËUvI †h eo n‡q I‡V, †m-K_vB ejv n‡q‡Q GB KweZvq| Avi GB e„ËUv n‡”Q Ôga¨we‡ËÕi e„Ë| Avgv‡`i g‡Zv †`k¸‡jvi gvby‡li GB n‡”Q fweZe¨| e„Ë Av‡Q Avevi Zv AwZµgI Kiv hvq bv| wmivRyj Bmjvg †PŠayixi fvlvq ÔAbwZµvšÍ e„ËÕ| KweZvwU Avevi gvÎve„Ë Q‡›` †jLv e‡j e„ˇevawU GB KweZvq ˆkjx I †ev‡a mgxK…Z n‡q †M‡Q| iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZvq GB †h e„Ëve× gvby‡li K_v cvIqv †Mj, GB gvbyl g~jZ wecbœ| wecbœZvi QwewUB Zuvi KweZvi cÖavb DcRxe¨ welq| GB wecbœZvi w`KwU ¯úó n‡q hvq hLb wZwb wd‡i hvb AZx‡Z| AZxZ †_‡K hLb wZwb mgKv‡j m‡i Av‡mb, ZLb eZ©gvb‡K wb‡q n‡q c‡ob we‡kølYcÖeY| AvZ¥wRÁvmv, AvZ¥D‡b¥vPb, AvZ¥`xY© n‡Z †`wL Zuv‡K| iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZvi †K‡›`ª †hb Kwei Awaôvb| cÖavb K_K Kwe wb‡RB| AvaywbK wjwi‡Ki GUvB cÖavb ˆewkó¨| AwaKvsk AvaywbK KweZvB AvZ¥‰RewbK, †mBm‡½ ¯^xKv‡ivw³g~jK| IB Kve¨MÖ‡š’i wØZxq KweZvwU‡ZI cvw”Q Av‡iv GKUz cÖmvwiZ wecbœZvi K_v : ¯§„wZ-†eva-wecbœZvi wewgkÖ fve”Qwe| GLv‡b iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZvi Av‡iKwU ˆewk‡ó¨i K_v ewj| Mí, Zuvi KweZvq Mí _v‡K| KweZv e‡j Mí¸‡jv wb‡Uvj bq, Abyf‚wZ‡K AbymiY K‡i Mí¸‡jv KweZvq AveQvqvi g‡Zv †auvqvkvc~Y©| eBwUi wØZxq KweZv ÔNwbô eÜz wQ‡jv hvivÕ| bv‡gB Avfvm cvIqv hv‡”Q M‡íi| KweZvwUi ïiæ‡ZB gvbweK wecbœZvi K_v, ÔGK`vi Avcb gvby‡li GK‰iwLK †PvL¸‡jv/ AvR wbiæcvq `k©K n‡q †`‡L/ evwjqvwoi wXwe‡Z wkïPuv` me/ Wz‡e hvq ...|Õ GB †h Avcb gvbyl, Giv n‡”Qb Kwei eÜz| fxlY wecbœ| GKmgq hviv wQj Qj&Qj& SY©v, Zviv GLb Ôgiv †iv‡`i DËvcnxb ïK‡bv cv_iÕ| †h wQj me©ÿY Szg&Szg& b~cyi, †m GLb †WvevR‡ji givgvwQ| †h wQj Lye Kv‡Qi UBU¤^yi cyKzi, AvR †m Abyf‚wZi Av‡eMnxb weaŸ¯Í †`qvj| †m-mgq †KD †KD wQj Ôk~b¨ ey‡Ki ay ay cÖvšÍiÕ, wKš‘ GLb Zviv †Kewj Ôa~cQvqvi nvIqvnxb wbðj QvqvnwiYÕ| wecÖZxc GB †h Ae¯’vb I cwiw¯’wZi eY©bv w`‡jb Kwe, Zvi †K‡›`ª Avevi ZuviB Ae¯’vb : ÔAvwg bvwK Wvbv fvOv giv cvwL cy‡iv‡bv/ †Quov kvwo wKsev wecbœ fvOv evwo|Õ gvby‡li m‡½ gvbyl Nwbô n‡jB eÜzZ¡ nq bv| †Kej eÜzZ¡ n‡jB †mB m¤úK© wkígq eÜz‡Z¡ iƒcvšÍwiZ nq| G D”PviY A‡bKUvB `vk©wbK| wKš‘ Gi c‡i †h-K_vwU ej‡jb Kwe, Zv‡Z `vk©wbK †evawU ¯úó n‡q hvq : ÔG RMrmsmv‡i me m¤úK©B mvgvb¨ I mvgwqKÕ| eÜz‡Z¡i welqwU †hgb my‡Li, †Zgwb wecbœZvi K_vI Kwe e‡j‡Qb †ek mnRfv‡eB| Kwe-K_K jÿ K‡i‡Qb, hviv wQj Nwbô eÜz, Zv‡`i A‡b‡KB AvR cÖevmx, †KD †KD cÖev‡mB wb‡LuvR n‡q †M‡Q| ïay cÖev‡m P‡j hvIqvi Kvi‡Y bq, †`‡kB cvkvcvwk _vKv m‡Ë¡I wew”QbœZv Avgv‡`i MÖvm K‡i : cv‡kB _v‡K GKB cvov‡Z eûw`b nq bv `¨vLv, `¨vLv n‡jI nvZ †b‡o n¨v‡jv ejv ch©šÍB Kv‡iv Kv‡iv †`‡k †_‡KI cÖevmx Rxeb †Kv‡bv kn‡i wKsev MÖv‡g eûw`b †Kv‡bv msev` Rvwb bv ïay `~i †_‡K ïwb my‡L`yt‡L fv‡jvB Av‡Q †Q‡j‡g‡q eDNi wb‡q Zviv AvR| iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZvq †h‡nZz Mí _v‡K, d‡j, AwaKvsk KweZvB `xN© nq| gvbweK m¤ú‡K©i iƒcwUI Avevi †h‡nZz

25


e¨vcK, d‡j, gvbweK m¤ú‡K©i e¨vwßI jÿYxq| Zuvi KweZvq _v‡K M‡íi wW‡UBjm| KweZvi mgvwßI N‡U c~Y©v½ GKwU M‡íi Z…wß`vqK cwimgvwßi g‡Zv| Z‡e cwimgvwßUv Z…wß`vqK n‡jI wecbœZvi QwewU KL‡bv gy‡Q hvq bv, eis g‡bv‡jv‡K wecbœZvi Zxeª AwfNvZ m„wó K‡i †kl nq : GB ga¨c_vej¤^x ga¨we‡Ëi weeY© mg‡q g‡b nq GKwU gvby‡li m‡½ Av‡iKwU gvby‡li GKwU Rxe‡bi m‡½ Av‡iKwU Rxe‡bi m¤úK© GLb GKwU meyR `ytLx MÖv‡gi m‡½ GKwU ¯^”Q Amy¯’ b`xi GKwU LÄ †evev wfwLwii m‡½ GKwU Rbk~b¨ †cv‡ovevwoi GKRb wecbœ cw_‡Ki m‡½ GKRb welYœ ˆ¯^wiYxi GB cwimgvwß, jÿ Ki‡j †`Lv hv‡e, wQbœ-wew”Qbœ †Quov‡Luvov K‡qKwU Qwe wbg©v‡Yi ga¨ w`‡q †kl n‡jv| ga¨weË-Rxe‡bi wew”QbœZv I wecbœZvi w`K¸‡jv c~Y©vqZ n‡q DVj| AvgMœ KvUvKzwU †Ljv Kve¨MÖ‡š’i ÔgB I †ek¨vÕ KweZvwUI ga¨we‡Ëi Ae¯’vb I `„wó‡KvY †_‡K iwPZ| G-KweZvwUI `xN©| GKB iKg Avw½K, A_©vr M‡íi g‡Zv Gi b¨v‡iwU‡fi aib| ga¨we‡Ëi Rxeb Avevi cÖvavb¨ cv‡”Q G-KweZvq| ga¨we‡Ëi RxebvPiY, ÿz`ªZv, K‚cgЂKZv, msKxY©Zv G-KweZvi welq| `vk©wbK D”PviYI Av‡Q KweZvwUi †klw`‡K| ga¨we‡Ëi e„ËwU‡K cÖkœwe× K‡i, Zvi cZ‡bi cÖwZI Bw½Z K‡i‡Qb Kwe| KweZvwUi K_K ev b¨v‡iUi wb‡Ri ˆeix Ae¯’v‡biI eY©bv w`‡q‡Qb K‡Vvi fvlvq| †klw`‡K `„wófw½MZ cÖwZ‡ivaI cÖvavb¨ †c‡q‡Q| ïiæ‡ZB kÖgwegyL ciwbf©ikxj wbivc` Rxe‡bi Kíbv Av‡Q G‡Z, hv, Avivg`vqK n‡jI ga¨we‡Ëi msKxY© `„wófw½‡KB Zz‡j a‡i : hviv NiRvgvB nq Ges hv‡`i Kg©Rxex ¯¿xi R‡b¨ Avnvi I evm¯’v‡bi m‡½ wbwðZ wbqwgZ AvBbvbyM ig‡Yi mvkÖq Av‡Q Zv‡`i‡K Avwg Lye wns‡m Kwi Avi GB kn‡i wb‡Ri evev wKsev ¯¿xi evevi †`Iqv evwo †c‡q A_ev Zv‡`i Kv‡iv †`Iqv Rwg‡Z bZzb evwo evwb‡q hviv gv‡m gv‡m Rwg`vi GK fvovi UvKv bv ¸‡b wbivc‡` emevm K‡i hv‡”Qb wKš‘ ciwbf©ikxj GB ga¨we‡Ëi Zzjbvq Ab¨ †kÖwYi hviv i‡q‡Qb, Zv‡`i m¤ú‡K© `vk©wb‡KvwPZ D”PviY Av‡Q Kwei| GB D”PviY Kwei Av‡iKwU mËv, hv Zuvi †eŠw×K wePvieyw×m¤úbœ mËv| Kweiv A‡bK mgq Gfv‡e wb‡Ri mËv‡K wØLwÐZ K‡i wecÖZxc Ae¯’vb MÖnY K‡ib| Gici ci¯ú‡ii cÖwZcÿ wn‡m‡e †bwZevPK Ae¯’v‡bi wecix‡Z BwZevPK Ae¯’vb MÖnY K‡ib| G-KweZv‡ZI ZvB N‡U‡Q| †ek K‡Vvi I Zxÿè fvlvq ga¨we‡Ëi Ae¯’vb I `„wófw½i wb›`v K‡i‡Qb Ô†ek¨vÕi iƒc‡K : †ek¨v kãwU MvjvMvwj ch©v‡qi hw`‡qv Ges ïb‡Z Lye Lvivc jvM‡jI Gi GKwU AšÍwb©wnZ my›`i I M~p A_© Av‡Q wek`fv‡e ej‡j ej‡Z nq †hme bvix A_ev cyiæl Nb Nb †ek A_©vr mvRm¾v ev †cvkvK cwieZ©b Ki‡Z Ki‡Z evi evi b¨vs‡Uv n‡Z fv‡jvev‡mb GKK_vq Zv‡`i‡KB mwZ¨Kvi A‡_© †ek¨v ejv nq †mB wn‡m‡e Avgiv mevB Kg‡ewk †ek¨v w`‡bi g‡a¨ `yÕwZbevi †Zv b¨vs‡Uv nB-B †ekf‚lvMZfv‡e †Zv e‡UB g‡bvMZfv‡eI| ga¨weˇK, †h-ga¨we‡Ëi Ask Kwe wb‡RI, G‡Kev‡i bMœ K‡i

26

†Q‡o‡Qb| Kwe g‡b K‡ib Ô†ek¨vwkí I Zvi wkíxe„›`Õi GLb w`bKvj| Zv‡`iB RqRqKvi| wKš‘ GiciB Kwei cÖwZev`x wØZxq mËv Gi weiæ‡× M‡o Zzj‡Q cÖwZ‡iva : eyKeuvav Avkv wb‡q Avgiv wb®újK †P‡q AvwQ eûw`b †_‡K gBwU GLb Avcbv‡`i `L‡j †`Lv hvK Avcbviv KZ wb‡P bvg‡Z cv‡ib KviY gB _vK‡jB Ic‡i IVv hvq bv gB wb‡PI bvgvq| gvbweK †ev‡a Gfv‡eB, iweDj nymvBb †hgb e‡j‡Qb Zuvi GKvwaK M‡`¨, gvbweK †kÖ‡qv‡ev‡ai K_v D”PviY K‡i‡Qb| ÔgmwjbÕ kxl©K KweZvq gmwj‡bi cÖZx‡K GB wkíwUi wejywß NU‡jI Avevi Zv we‡k¦i N‡i N‡i †cuŠ‡Q hv‡e, A_©vr cybiæ×vi n‡e evsjvi †MŠie| Ab¨ K‡qKwU KweZv‡ZI iweDj nymvB‡bi GB fvebvi cÖwZdjb †`Lv hvq| GLv‡b †mme KweZvi cÖvmw½K Ask¸‡jv D×…Z KiwQ : gvby‡li wU‡K _vKv AvKl©Y `ywb©evi Avi me wgwQwgwQ wg_¨vI Amnvq †mB GK A‡jŠwKK eÜb Rj AwMœ gvwU giær I †e¨vg wg‡j D™¢vwmZ e„ÿ cÖvYx Avi gvby‡li AUzU eÜb Pviw`‡K AÜKvi kx‡Zi cÖej we¯Ívi Zvi g‡a¨ m~h© I‡V Zvc `¨vq Av‡jv `¨vq †`vjbvq k~b¨Zvi evwjqvwo gvKomvi Szj GKUz k‡ãB wbtk‡ãi wbR©b cÖvšÍ‡i Szi& Szi& GKvKx-`ytLx wbivkÖq wbinsKvix Avi mevB †h-hvi Aw¯Í‡Z¡ w¯’i AwePj †bc_¨Pvix hwÏb Rxeb ZwÏb GB bxj †e`bvi mxgvnxb c_ `ytL Avi hš¿Yv ïay Dw™¢` Avi RxeRš‘i gvby‡li Ab¨m‡ei †ejvq iƒcvšÍi Avi cwieZ©‡bi mvc-jyWz †Ljv cwi‡k‡l me c_ GK A‡gvN g‡bvwe›`y‡Z wg‡k hvq †ivÏy‡i mvwi mvwi jvj bxj Kvco Rvgv kvwo d«K ejvKv `wo‡Z †g‡j-†`qv nvIqvq nvIqvq I‡o Rxe‡bi kZ cZvKv mvwi mvwi gvby‡liv †gvgevwZ n‡q AwMœ-cÖh‡Zœ g¯Í‡K AwMœ-wki¯¿v‡Y `vD-`vD R¡‡j I‡V ax‡i ax‡i iweDj nymvB‡bi G-KweZv¸‡jv Zxeª Auvav‡iI Av‡jvKewZ©Kvi g‡Zv, BwZevPK Rxe‡bi BkvivB w`‡”Q| Gfv‡eB gvbweK D¾xe‡bi K_v e‡j‡Qb iweDj nymvBb| Avgiv ˆeix cÖwZ‡e‡k Rxebhvcb Kwi, wKš‘ †mUvB †kl K_v bq| GKw`‡K gvby‡li hš¿Yv-AvwZ© †hgb wZwb ms‡e`bkxj Kwe-ü`q w`‡q Dcjwä K‡i‡Qb, †Zgwb Zv †_‡K DËi‡Yi K_vI †f‡e‡Qb| GB n‡”Q mvwe©Kfv‡e Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi Kvwe¨K gvbweK AwfhvÎv| †h-hvÎvq ü`q `xY© nq, AvZ¥hš¿Yvq ÿZweÿZ nq gb, Zey AvKvk-fiv bÿÎ-mfvq Wz‡e _v‡K †m-ü`q| †Kbbv wZwb Rv‡bb, Ôm„wói †kÖô cÖL¨vZ gvbyl-gnvbÕ| Gfv‡eB cwi‡k‡l gvbweK wecbœZv †_‡K †cuŠ‡Q hvb ¯^cœ‡jv‡Ki ÔemšÍcy‡iÕ| m`¨cÖqvZ GB Kwei cÖwZ e¨w³MZ Ges Kvwj I Kj‡gi cÿ †_‡K kÖ×v wb‡e`b KiwQ| r


kÖ ×v Ä wj

Kwe iweDj nymvBb Avgv‡`i GB mg‡q, GB f‚L‡Ði g~javivi GKRb wewkó Kwe, Kg©cvMj ms¯‹…wZPP©vKvix I gyw³hy‡×i †PZbv‡K msnZ Kivi wewkóRb, Avgv‡`i wcÖq GK ü`qevb gvbyl|

Kwe iweDj nymvBb

wKQy Abyfe I Zuvi KvjÁvb wb‡q KweZv

M

†Mvjvg wKewiqv wcby

Z 26 b‡f¤^i †Kb Rvwb mKvj mKvj Nyg †_‡K D‡VwQjvg, D‡V †dvbwU nv‡Z wb‡q †dmey‡K †PvL ivL‡ZB Avgv‡`i wcÖq gvbyl Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi g„Zz¨msev`Uv †Pv‡L coj, ZLbB †kvKwenŸjZvq †Pv‡L RjI G‡m coj, LvwbKUv KvbœviI kã D”PwKZ n‡jv, Avgvi Rxebm½x G‡m ejj, ÔKx n‡jv †Zvgvi?Õ DrKÉv cÖKvk Kij †m| GgbUv nq bv mPivPi, Kv‡iv g„Zz¨msev‡`| Ggb n‡jv †Kb, Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi m‡½ Avgv‡`i A‡b‡Ki cwiPq †mB RvZxq KweZv cwil‡`i m~PbvjMœ †_‡K, RvZxq KweZv Drm‡ei Kg©Kv‡Ð 27


wbweofv‡e hy³ _vKvi Kvi‡Y| GB msMVbwUi m‡½ wZwb cÖ_g †_‡K g„Zz¨i AvM ch©šÍ hy³ †_‡K‡Qb Mfxifv‡e I avivevwnKfv‡e, GgbwU A‡b‡K nq‡Zv _v‡Kbwb| wZwb RvZxq KweZv cwil‡`i mfvcwZI wQ‡jb `yevi| wewfbœ ivR‰bwZK cwieZ©b, miKvi cwieZ©b I wewfbœ NUbvi AwfNv‡Z RvZxq KweZv cwil‡`i Ae¯’vb I f‚wgKvi ga¨ w`‡q Zuv‡K Avgiv A‡b‡K Lye KvQ †_‡K †`‡LwQ| Gi d‡j Zuvi m‡½ †gjv‡gkv n‡q‡Q eû eQi! KZ mfv n‡q‡Q Zuvi †ckvMZ Kvh©vj‡q, Zuvi evmvq I Ab¨vb¨ ¯’v‡b| Zuvi KweZv I Ab¨vb¨ †jLv Ges Av‡iv A‡bK f‚wgKvi Kvi‡YI wZwb wQ‡jb Avgv‡`i Kv‡Qi gvbyl, cwiÁvZ GK cwiRb| g„Zz¨i Av‡Mi K-eQi Zuvi m‡½ Kg †`Lv n‡jI †mB AvšÍwiKZv I fv‡jvevmv ü`‡qi †fZi †_‡K Dc‡P coZ, Zv Avwg Zuvi AvPi‡YI Dcjwä Ki‡Z cviZvg| AvšÍwiK I fv‡jvevmvi Ggb gvbyl, Kve¨RM‡Z Avwg KgB †c‡qwQ| KZ UzK‡iv UzK‡iv NUbv I ¯§„wZ, hvi g‡a¨ w`‡q wZwb Avgv‡`i

gv‡S Dcw¯’Z n‡q‡Qb wcÖq gvbyl, Kwe, wPÎ-mgv‡jvPK, ¯’cwZ I msMVK wn‡m‡e| AvwgI Zuvi †m-mKj Ae¯’v‡bi mvÿx n‡q ej‡Z cvwi, wZwb AvgviI wQ‡jb GKRb ¯^Rb, wcÖq gvbyl, Kwe†jLK I msMVK| Zuvi g„Zz¨i Kw`b Av‡MB GK Abyôv‡b Kwe nvexeyjøvn wmivRxi m‡½ †`Lv, wZwb †mB Abyôv‡b cy‡iv bv †_‡K, Kwe iweDj nymvBb †h Amy¯’ n‡q nvmcvZv‡j fwZ© n‡q‡Qb, Zv †R‡b wePwjZ n‡q Zuv‡K †`L‡Z wZwb QyU‡eb, Avgv‡K Kv‡b Kv‡b †m-K_v ej‡jb| Avwg Avgvi GK wcÖq gvbyl I Kwe‡K Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi Amy¯’Zvi K_vwU Rvbvjvg| cieZx©Kv‡j Zuvi Amy¯’Zvi LeiI wbw”Qjvg wewfbœfv‡e, †R‡bwQjvg wZwb fv‡jvi w`‡K! bv, †kl‡gk my¯’ bv n‡q wZwb Avgv‡`i †Q‡o †M‡jb! Zuv‡K wb‡q KZ ¯§„wZ I KZ K_v, g‡b co‡Q! GB †Zv wKQyw`b Av‡M kvnevM †_‡K evmvq †divi mgq, Avgvi m‡½ †m¸bevwMPv ch©šÍ G‡jb Kwe iweDj nymvBb, †mB KweZv I Rxeb wb‡q Zuvi

†e½j cvewj‡Kkb&‡mi GKwU cÖKvkbv Abyôv‡b

28


wPiw`‡bi `vk©wbK fvl¨ Zz‡j †U‡b Av‡Mi gZb Avjvc Ki‡jb| †Kgb Av‡Qb ej‡jB wZwb Zuvi †eva †_‡K DrmvwiZ †mme Mfxi K_v ej‡Zb, hv †_‡K Zuvi Rxeb‡ev‡ai cwiPq Avgiv †cZvg| Avgv‡K fv‡jvevm‡Zb e‡jB wKQyw`b Av‡M GKwU we‡kl KweZvcv‡Vi Avm‡i Avgv‡K †dvb K‡i we‡klfv‡e Avgš¿Y Rvwb‡qwQ‡jb, AvwgI †mB Avgš¿Y iÿv K‡i †mB Abyôv‡b KweZv c‡owQjvg| Zuvi eû ai‡bi KvR, eû †ÿ‡Î Zuvi Ae`vb i‡q‡Q, wZwb wQ‡jb G‡`‡ki wewkó wPÎ-mgv‡jvPK, gyw³hy‡×i †PZbv msiÿY I weKv‡ki GKRb wb‡ew`Z msMVK, GKRb wewkó ¯’cwZ, wQ‡jb Jcb¨vwmK I †QvUMíKvi| Z‡e me‡P‡q wbijmfv‡e wZwb KweZv wjL‡Zb, avivevwnKfv‡e wj‡L‡Qb, g„Zz¨i AvM ch©šÍ wj‡L‡Qb| KZ †h KweZv wj‡L‡Qb, Zvi wnmve Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q †bB! eB cÖKv‡ki †ÿ‡Î Zuvi AvMÖn KgB †`‡LwQ, we‡klZ Zuvi eB avievwnKfv‡e cÖKvk nqwb, †ewkifvM KweZvB Zuvi MÖš’fz³ nqwb| Kwe iweDj nymvBb R‡b¥wQ‡jb wSbvB`n †Rjvi ˆkjKzcv _vbvi iwZWv½vq 1943 mv‡ji 31 Rvbyqvwi| Zuvi ¯’vqx wVKvbv Kzwóqvi kkxf‚lY †ivW, _vbvcvov| cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K mœvZK, 1968 mv‡j| g„Zz¨i AvM ch©šÍ eû eQi GKbvMv‡o XvKvq, Avevm¯’j avbgwЇZ| cÖ‡KŠkjx wn‡m‡eI Zuvi †ckvRxeb wQj Kg©gyLi| Zuvi cÖ_g KweZvi eB cÖKvwkZ nq 1984 mv‡j, my›`ix dYv| Zvici eû eQ‡ii e¨eav‡b 1996 mv‡j †Kv_vq Avgvi Awfhvb I †K›`ªaŸwb‡Z †e‡R IV| Gici Av‡iv KwU Kve¨MÖš’| evsjv‡`‡ki ¯’vcZ¨ ms¯‹…wZ bv‡g Zuvi GKwU D‡jøL‡hvM¨ M‡elYvMÖš’ cÖKvwkZ nq 1985 mv‡j| Kzqvkvi N‡i †div GKwU wK‡kvi Dcb¨vmmn Av‡iv KwU MÖš’ i‡q‡Q Zuvi| KweZvq XvKv GKwU wfbœavivi MÖš’, hv wZwb m¤úv`bv K‡iwQ‡jb| mvwnZ¨ I ms¯‹…wZ‡Z we‡kl Ae`v‡bi Rb¨ wZwb evsjv GKv‡Wwg cyi¯‹vi I GKz‡k c`‡K f‚wlZ n‡q‡Qb| Kwe iweDj nymvBb, lv‡Ui `k‡Ki Kwe wn‡m‡e wPwýZ n‡jI Zuvi Kve¨PP©v mËi `kK n‡q Zuvi g„Zz¨i AvM ch©šÍ cÖengvb wQj| hvi d‡j Kwe wn‡m‡e wZwbI ch©‡eÿY K‡i‡Qb Ñ cvwK¯Ívb kvmbvg‡j GB f‚L‡Ði gvby‡liv Kxfv‡e wewfbœ ˆel‡g¨i wkKvi nq, Zv ivR‰bwZK-A_©‰bwZK I mvgvwRK GK fqven e¨wfPvi ˆZwi K‡iwQj, GB f‚L‡Ði gvby‡liv ïay Zv Dcjwä K‡iwb, wewfbœ mg‡q Gi cÖwZev‡`-msMÖv‡g n‡q‡Q cÖwZev`x, i³ w`‡q n‡q‡Q D”PwKZ| Ae‡k‡l 1971 mv‡j gyw³hy×| cieZx©Kv‡j gyw³hy‡× weRqx n‡q ¯^‡`‡ki wfbœ GK †Pnviv, e½eÜz nZ¨v-cieZx© Av‡iK †`k| gyw³hy‡×i †PZbv‡K †Pviv‡Mvßv c‡_ `~‡i †V‡j †`Iqvi Îvm I kvmK‡`i lohš¿g~jK f‚wgKv| Ggb mg‡qi Kwe wn‡m‡e Kwe iweDj nymvBb g~javivi Kwe‡`i g‡ZvB KvjÁvb wb‡q KweZv wj‡L‡Qb| ZvB wZwb Zxeª †`k‡cÖg †_‡K we‡eKZvwoZ D”PviY K‡ib : cÖwZwU evOvwj †g‡q‡K Mf©eZx K‡i LuvwU cvwK¯Ívwb mšÍv‡bi Rb¥ †`eÕ ï‡qv‡ii ev”Pv‡`i †mB i‡³ Av¸b R¡vjv‡bv me K_v fzj‡Z e‡mwQ Avgiv gyw³hy×, gyw³‡hv×v‡`i K_v fz‡j †MwQ Avgiv ¯^vaxbZvhy‡×i K_v fz‡j †MwQ Avm‡j GZ fz‡jv gb wb‡q ¯^vaxbZv iÿv Kiv hvq bv (ÔGK †m‡K‡Û gvÎ Pvi dzUÕ)

Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZvi RMr GK‰iwLK _v‡Kwb; wewfbœ AwfÁZv, RxebwRÁvmv, `vk©wbK‡eva I AvaywbK Rxeb`„wói wewfbœ f‚‡Mvj wb‡q wZwb Zuvi KweZvq Dcw¯’Z, Zv †_‡K GKRb cvVK wewfbœ †ev‡ai mvhy‡R¨ GK wfbœavivi Kwe‡K Luy‡R cv‡eb| †hgb : AvRKvj gvby‡li Avqy®‹vj †e‡o‡Q wVKB wKš‘ Rxe‡bi cwiwa ev‡owb AvRKvj Rxe‡bi `„wófw½i cwieZ©b n‡q‡Q wVKB wKš‘ †Pv‡Li †R¨vwZ ev‡owb AvRKvj †Pv‡Li ¯^v¯’¨ Zzjbxqfv‡e DbœZ n‡q‡Q wVKB wKš‘ `~i`„wó ev‡owb AvRKvj `~i`„wói `„wó `~‡i wM‡q‡Q wVKB wKš‘ mxgvbv †c‡iv‡Z cv‡iwb AvRKvj mxgvbv eû`~‡i cÖmvwiZ wVKB wKš‘ Kv‡Qi †Kv‡bv wKQy‡Z g‡bvwb‡ek Ki‡Z cv‡iwb| (ÔGKB RvqMvÕ) Kwe iweDj nymvBb LÐ LÐ Abyfvebv‡K Mfxi e¨Äbvq Awfwl³ K‡ib, †Zgb GKwU KweZv : †Mvcb n«‡`i R‡j fv‡m ¸ß-†gvnb, nuvm wgwó-weij †cÖ‡gi fv‡M¨ †gŠj-me©bvk QvB`vbx‡Z R‡g Av‡Q †g‡Ni gZb QvB AvKvk wN‡i wewó G‡m nVvr e‡j hvB (Ôe¨¯Í-e¨vKzj bó gvbylÕ) Zuvi KweZvi g‡a¨ Zuvi `„wófw½RvZ †PZbvevwnZ e¨Äbvi AbyiYb Abyfe Kiv hvq, hvi d‡j KweZvi cvVK GK Mfxi †ev‡ai gy‡LvgywL n‡q c‡ob, †hgb Ñ cÖwZwU Auvav‡ii †fZi Av‡jvi †kKo cÖwZwU Av‡jv Avi †iv‡`i g‡a¨ kZ kZ m~‡h©i evm †Zgwb cÖwZwU †Rvmbv iv‡Z KZ KZ Puv‡`i wbevm (ÔAviI EbwZwikwU Puv`Õ) Rxeb Avi KZ`~i †h‡Z cv‡i, Zvi mxgvbv KZUzKz, bvwK ZviI wbw`©ó e„Ë i‡q‡Q, Ggb cÖkœ I `vk©wbK wRÁvmv Zuvi wewfbœ KweZvq Avgiv Luy‡R cvB, Ggb ch©‡eÿY GKRb AvaywbK gvby‡li gb‡bi cwiPq †g‡j a‡i, wZwb wj‡L‡Qb Ñ NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg Rxeb wb‡q AvwgB Avgvi jvwUg n‡q wbiewa NyiwQ Avwg e„‡Ëi †fZi NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg Nyi‡ev Avwg ga¨e„‡Ë g„Zz¨-Awã NyiwQ Avwg AweiZ NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg µgvMZ (ÔjvwUgÕ) AkÖæ‡jvPb I †kvKwenŸjZvi gv‡S †_‡K wcÖq gvbyl I Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi cÖwZ mxgve× k‡ã GB Avgvi kÖ×vÄwj| Kwe iweDj nymvBb Avgv‡`i GB mg‡q, GB f‚L‡Ði g~javivi GKRb wewkó Kwe, Kg©cvMj ms¯‹…wZPP©vKvix I gyw³hy‡×i †PZbv‡K msnZ Kivi wewkóRb, Avgv‡`i wcÖq GK ü`qevb gvbyl| Zuvi Kg©Kv‡Ði wewfbœ w`‡Ki AbymÜv‡b Av‡iv Av‡jv †d‡j †`Lv `iKvi, Av‡iv g‡bv‡hvM †`Iqv `iKvi, GBUzKz `„pZvi m‡½ ej‡Z cvwi| r

29


kÖ ×v Ä wj

Avgiv KweZv ev Mv‡bi my‡Zvq euvwa| iweDj nymvBb euv‡ab wb‡iU M‡`¨i `wo‡Z| †hgb AwgjvZ¥K, LUL‡U, iæÿZvi mvabwe›`y‡Z fiv Zuvi mgMÖ, †Zgwb Zuvi KweZvi bvg ÔcÖeÜ GB cv_if‚wgÕ|

AvgMœ KvUvKzwUi Kwe wcqvm gwR` ÿzavZ© µz× jve‡Y¨i KweZv hvi nv‡Z M‡o I‡V gvby‡li ev¯‘-ms¯’vb, GKUv RvwZi KxwZ©, ¯§„wZ¯Í¤¢, †mŠagvjv, MMb¯úkx© Nievwo Avevi †mB nv‡ZB hLb iwPZ nq AbM©j avivq KweZv, Mí, Dcb¨vm, fvix fvix wbeÜ m›`f©, Kjv mgv‡jvPbv Ñ ZLb †h †KvbI we‡klYB Zvi Rb¨ evûj¨ gvÎ| iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZvi wbg©vY ¯’vcZ¨wk‡íi g‡ZvB wngvwqZ aªæc`x m½xZ| evsjv‡`‡ki ivRbxwZ I mvs¯‹…wZK wbm‡M©i ev¯ÍeZv‡K m‡¤^vab K‡i iweD‡ji †h †KvbI †jLviB GKUv Avjv`v ¯^v`| `„k¨gvb m„RbkxjZvi cÖK…ó D`vniY Zvi KweZv| Awfe¨w³ cÖKv‡ki ixwZ †m hvB †nvK bv †Kb; †gav, nvZ, gw¯Í®‹ I ü`‡qi mgev‡q †mŠ›`h© I Avb›` A‡š^lx iweDj Li-†R¨vrmœv‡KI †PvjvB K‡i †bb Abvqv‡m| Ñ †ejvj †PŠayix iweDj nymvBb m¤ú~Y© wfbœavivi Kwe| Zuvi KweZvq k‡ãi †fZ‡iI aŸwbZ nq bexb GK Abyfe| Avgiv Zuvi KweZvi A›`ign‡j Lye mn‡RB †Pbv Abyl½‡K wfbœ‡ev‡a I cÖZx‡K kbv³ Kwi| †ivgvw›UKZv‡K cwinvi K‡i GB Kwe nZvkv, welv` I Avb›`‡K Avwj½b K‡ib m¤ú~Y© wecixZ gbxlv I gb‡b| Zuvi KweZvi e¨Äbv I evKcÖwZgv‡K A‡Pbv g‡b n‡jI cvwicvwk¦©K †Pbv RMr †_‡KB G AvnwiZ| ev¯ÍeZv Dcjwä, KL‡bv Abyf‡ei inm¨gq fzeb Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q bexb myi I AbyiY‡b aŸwbZ n‡Z _v‡K|  Ñ Aveyj nvmbvZ 30


Av

gMœ KvUvKzwU †Ljv (†e½j cvewj‡Kkb&m, RyjvB 2012) iweDj nymvB‡bi †kl ch©vqx KweZvi eB| KweZveB‡qi GB bv‡gi g‡Zv Zuvi m„wómg‡MÖI `„wóMÖvn¨ KvUvKzwUi †Ljv| iweDj nymvBb (1943) KweZv ev †jLbfw½‡Z †hgb e¨wZµgx, †Zgwb cÖKv‡kI MoevOvwj Kwe-†jL‡Ki bb c_vbyMvgx, ZvB †`wL cÖ_g KweZveB my›`ix dYv cÖKvk cvq DËi-Pwjø‡k, 1984-†Z| Gici wbqwgZ weiwZ‡Z †Kv_vq Avgvi b‡fvhvb, †K›`ªaŸwb‡Z †e‡R I‡V, Av‡iv EbwZwikwU Puv`, Kx Av‡Q GB AÜKv‡ii Mfx‡i, Kc~©‡ii WvbvAjv ei‡di cvwL, GBme bxj Acgvb †h b`x ivwÎi| Zuvi KweZv msKjbI ÔmgMÖÕ ev ÔmsMÖnÕ RvZxq g‡bvni kãe‡Üi wecÖZxc wKQyUv Ñ KweZvcyÄ (2001)| iweDj nymvBb‡K RxeÏkvq Ges g„Zz¨Ëi ÔKwe I ¯’cwZÕ Qvov Lye KgB we‡klZ n‡Z †`‡LwQ, Avi Gevi Avgiv †`L‡Z PvB ZvB Zuvi KweZvi ¯’vc‡Z¨ Kx K‡i G‡m‡Q ¯’vcZ¨Kjv Ñ Ges gvby‡li B”Qv ev Avkv Avi K‡ZvUzKz myweb¨¯Í n‡j Z‡e ˆZwi n‡Z cv‡i Avcbvi Øviv GKLvbv ü`q-†Lvjv Av‡jv-nvIqv-fiv evmv †n Amnvq I gvbbxq ¯’vcZ¨Kjv? (Ôgvbbxq ¯’vcZ¨KjvÕ) Rxe‡bi bT_©KZv‡K Avwj½b Ki‡jI †kl wePv‡i wZwb Zuvi KweZvi fvlvqB ¯^cœ-kvwmZ Rxe‡bi AwfMvgx Kwe-cw_K| ¯§iY Ki‡Z cvwi, Zviæ‡Y¨ wZwb †h †QvUKvM‡Ri m‡½ hy³ wQ‡jb Zvi bvg Ñ bv (cÖ_g cÖKvk 1967)| bvi iweDj nymvBb KweZvq wbR Rxeb‡K Kxfv‡e †`‡Lb? Ñ ZLb wQj e„nr Rxeb ÿz`ª e„Ë GLb A‡bK ÿz`ª Rxeb e„nr e„Ë †cqviv jvwUg DavI GLb Zvi e`‡j AvwgB jvwUg e„‡Ëi †fZ‡i NyiwQ Avwg NyiwQ Avwg Ny‡i Ny‡i giwQ Avwg Rb¥ewa (ÔjvwUgÕ, AvgMœ KvUvKzwU †Ljv) jvwU‡gi iƒc‡K, Rxeb‡K †`Lv bZzb wKQy bq, Z‡e Rb¥ †_‡K g„Zz¨ Aewa N~Y©¨gvb gvbyl Rxe‡bi duvcvZ¡, wbi_©KZv, AšÍtmvik~b¨Zv †hb KweZvq ej‡Z e¨vKzj iweDj| ÔRvgvÕ KweZvq †hgb Ñ gvby‡li cÖavb Awfbq GZ †cvkvK c‡iI cv‡i bv XvK‡Z Zvi Avmj cwiPq wefve AšÍ‡ii cÖvšÍ‡i †mB Mv-wNb&-wNb& †bvsivwg ¯^fve (ÔRvgvÕ) ÔwefveÕ I Ô¯^fveÕ Ñ AšÍwg‡ji Rb¨ Lv‡c Lvc n‡jI iweDj nymvBb KweZvq †gv‡UI †m-DwÏóMvgx bb, eis Ôwefv‡eÕi jve‡Y¨i m‡½ Ô†bvsivwg ¯^fv‡eÕi wbKUvš^q Kiv‡ZB Rxe‡bi †bvsiv iƒc mvKvi-Awfjvlx †hb wZwb| Av‡jv fzifzi w`e‡mi e¨Äbvi wf‡o Zuvi g‡Zv wbKl ivwÎi AvivaK Avi †K Av‡Q? ÔCk¦iÕ bq, ÔGKwU Ck¦‡iÕi Ggb aviYv evsjv KweZv‡ZB †gŠwjK I Awfbe Ñ Pviw`‡K AÜKvi kx‡Zi cÖej we¯Ívi Zvi g‡a¨ m~h© I‡V Zvc `¨vq Av‡jv `¨vq DËv‡ci hveZxq msÁvq Ck¦i †Kv_vq `~i †_‡K gvbyl bq GKwU Ck¦i `~‡ii g‡a¨ GKv GKv †nu‡U P‡j hvq

Avnv Zvi g‡Zv wbtm½ Avi †KD bq

(Ôgvbyl I Ck¦iÕ) iweDj nymvB‡bi Rb¥MÖvg wSbvB`‡ni ˆkjK‚cvq, iwZWv½v emšÍcyi| ÔGB c_ AbMY¨ f‚wgÕ KweZvq bRi wbe× Ki‡j †`Le, GLv‡b †hb gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq wKsev RM`xk ¸‡ßi Nbxf‚Z AÜKv‡ii m‡¤§vnK †gnwdj Ñ GB c_ AbMY¨ f‚wg Pvwiw`‡K †gvnb wec` gnvgvwi †Pvivevwj k¥kv‡bi k¦vc` we‡Kj m‡Ü nq nq Zvi g‡a¨ k¨vIov Mv‡Qi cv‡k GB AwMœ GB Kvj GB Rxeb GB Rwg Av‡jvwKZ nq ... ... ... GB c_ AbMY¨ f‚wg GB c_ Amvgvb¨ Rwg GB c_ my`~i Z‡Zv`~i Rxeb h‡Zv`~i iwZWv½v emšÍcyi| (ÔRxeb‡KÕ, Rxebvbyl½) Avgiv KweZv ev Mv‡bi my‡Zvq euvwa| iweDj nymvBb euv‡ab wb‡iU M‡`¨i `wo‡Z| †hgb AwgjvZ¥K, LUL‡U, iæÿZvi mvabwe›`y‡Z fiv Zuvi mgMÖ, †Zgwb Zuvi KweZvi bvg ÔcÖeÜ GB cv_if‚wgÕ| iweDj nymvBb GšÍvi Rv`yN‡ii m‡½ hy³ wQ‡jb Ñ RvZxq Rv`yNi, gyw³hy× Rv`yNi, e½eÜz ¯§„wZ Rv`yNi, evsjv GKv‡Wwg †jvK HwZn¨ Rv`yNi| Gme Rv`yNi Zuvi KweZvq Kx Avj‡Kwg‡Z D™¢vwmZ, Zv Rvbvi †KŠZ‚nj nq eBwK Ñ meB Av‡Q Zey c„w_exi †Kv‡bv Rv`yN‡i GL‡bv VuvB n‡jv bv Luv-Luv †iŠ‡`ªi LvwbK SjK cyi‡bv e„wói †duvUv GKUzK‡iv HwZn¨evnx †gNejøix wKsev cÖvPxb HwZnvwmK we`y¨‡Zi GKwU D¾¡j Zievwi (ÔRv`yNiÕ) wb‡R KweZv iPbv K‡iI ÔKwe I KvKÕ KweZvq D”PviY K‡ib cÖev‡`i cÖvq Ñ GB kn‡i ZvB Agøvb, Kwe I Kv‡Ki msL¨v mgvb mgvb| (ÔKwe I KvKÕ) Gfv‡e wZwb ms‡hvM †Póvi cÖZviKKv‡j e‡j‡Qb, ÔwefvRb fvj I my›`iÕ KviY wZwb Rvb‡Zb ÔmijZvi RwUj djvdjÕ| †`‡L‡Qb `kw`K mvRv‡bv Ôï‡qv‡ii †mŠ›`h©Õ| gvby‡li AšÍ‡ii cÖvšÍ‡i †nu‡U †ewo‡q Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡Qb Ô`ytLKóB mvi I †cÖvwUbÕ| Rxeb-wewe³ wZwbB †Zv ej‡Z cv‡ib Ñ we‡”Q` Kx my›`i mnR GK Agwjb wgjb ¯§„wZ I ¯^‡cœi cvwL I‡o ïf we`vq †n Avgvi giY

Elv I †Mva~wji M`¨ KweZvi hgR iweDj nymvB‡bi K_vM`¨| D¾wqbxi gKiMwj,

31


welye‡iLv, MíMv_v Ñ GB me eBc‡Î cvIqv hv‡e myaxw›`ªq M`¨Z‡š¿i wUcQv‡ci cwijÿY| Ô†n wb`vN †n cÖZz¨lÕ, Ô†e‡jvwg©Õ, ÔAwb‡KZbÕ, ÔˆeqwËK ˆe¸Y¨ZvqÕ Ñ GBg‡Zv M‡í Av‡Q †hb bvw¯Íi †bwgi g‡a¨ Rxeb Ñ Pvwiw`K mybmvb| mgy`ªI bxie, wb_i, †Kv‡bv †XD‡qi †`Lv bvB| mgy`ª GK wekvj n«‡` iƒc wb‡q‡Q| evwoNi¸‡jv Auvav‡i gvLv AwZev¯Íexq Aeq‡e| weg~Z© cÖKv‡k me ˆbe©¨w³K ¯^cœ-`yt¯^‡cœi Abyl‡½ Avwa-cwi”Qvqvgq, Avwa-†fŠwZK ey‡bv‡U gvLvgvwL| †mB mg‡q mnmv ga¨mgy`ª †_‡K D‡V Av‡m GK wekvj R‡ji cvnvo, †ejvf‚wgi w`‡K weKU MR©b Ki‡Z Ki‡Z, AvKvk k~b¨, wc½j, Nbbxj, Aa©e„Ë ivgabyi ga¨ w`‡q QyU‡Z QyU‡Z, AwZKvq N~wY©S‡oi m‡½ Avw`MšÍ Kuvwc‡q Suvwc‡q `vwc‡q K‚‡j AvQwo‡q c‡o I‡K A_©vr †mB D`vm bq‡b mgy‡`ªi w`‡K ZvwK‡q _vKv mgy`ªKb¨v‡K R‡ji wbivc` †Kv‡j Zz‡j wb‡q Avevi P‡j †Mj, wd‡i †Mj wPiKv‡ji Rb¨ Zvi ¯’vqx wbevm mgy‡`ªi Mnxb inm¨ Avi MfxiZvi †fZ‡i, Amvgvb¨ cwim‡i, mg‡qi AbšÍ AdzišÍ Awbt‡kl gvqvex GK wbVzi gvay‡h©|  (Ô†e‡jvwg©Õ, MíMv_v) Zuvi K_vM‡`¨ fve I fvlvi †h Kviæ I KzqvkvK…wZ, Zv †hb Zuvi KweZvc‡_iB gwÄj we›`y|

Kjv-mgv‡jvPbv

eÜz Aveyj nvmbv‡Zi †cÖiYv I cÖ‡Yv`bvq msev` mvgwqKx‡Z my`xN©Kvj iweDj nymvBb evsjv‡`k I we‡k¦i ¯’vcZ¨ms¯‹…wZ wb‡q wj‡L‡Qb we¯Íi| GiB MÖš’iƒc evsjv‡`‡k ¯’vcZ¨ms¯‹…wZ, cwiewa©Z ms¯‹i‡Yi wk‡ivbvg evsjv‡`‡ki ¯’vcZ¨ms¯‹…wZ I Ab¨vb¨ iPbv| Zuvi Kjv-mgv‡jvPbvq wfb‡`wk jyB Kvb wKsev evOvwj dRjyi ingvb Lvb Av‡jvwPZ nb mgvb ¸iæ‡Z¡| wj‡L‡Qb wZwb iex›`ªbv‡_i ¯’vcZ¨wPšÍvi wel‡qI| ¯’vcZ¨ wel‡q Zuvi Abb¨ iPbvi bgybv KZK Ñ ¯’vc‡Z¨i mgKvjxb fvlv‡K XvKv hw`I jyB Kv‡bi gva¨‡g a‡i †i‡L‡Q, Zey GKUz Zwj‡q †`L‡j †`Lv hv‡e †h, †Kv‡bvw`bB ¯’vc‡Z¨i wbR¯^Zvq †m AeMvnb K‡iwb wewfbœ Kvi‡Y| eis me©`vB Gi Mv‡q ciRxex jZvi g‡Zv Av‡ivwcZ we‡`wk AjsKvi| (ÔjyB Kv‡bi †k‡i evsjvbMiÕ) AvKvkPvix n‡jI cvwL mܨvq gvwUi KvQvKvwQ †Kv‡bv e„‡ÿi meyR cvZvi †fZ‡i AvkÖq †bq, GUvB cÖvK…wZK wbqg| W. dRjyi ingvb Lvb GKRb †gNPvix, gvbyl-wek¦Kg©v, cwi‡k‡l gvwU‡ZB wZwb wPikvwšÍi AvkÖq wb‡q‡Qb| (ÔevOvwj cÖ‡KŠkjx dRjyi ingvb Lvb : Zvi cÖ¯’vb I AvKvk‡Quvqv `vjvbÕ) kvwšÍ I Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ wek¦MÖv‡gi ALÐ †PZbvq Avgv‡`i mevi GLb cÖ‡qvRb iwe VvKz‡ii GB we‡kl ¯’vcZ¨wPšÍvi ¸iæZ¡ Abyaveb Kiv Ges cwi‡k‡l iwe VvKz‡ii cwi‡ek, ¯’vcZ¨ I mvgwMÖK wPšÍvi my‡i ewj, ÔAvcb n‡Z evwni n‡q

32

evB‡i `uvov, ey‡Ki gv‡S wek¦‡jv‡Ki cvwe mvovÕ, Z‡eB Avgiv Aek¨B mdj n‡ev| (Ôiex›`ªbv‡_i ¯’vcZ¨wPšÍvÕ)

Ab~w`Z AiY¨ I gvj iweDj nymvBb jvwZ‡bi cve‡jv †biæ`v Ges gvwK©b gyjøy‡Ki Kwe A¨v‡jb wMb&&mev‡M©i wewkó Abyev`K| Abyev‡` GB `yB Kwei AšÍwe©›`y †K›`ªaŸwb‡Z †hb †e‡R †e‡R D‡V‡Q Abyev`‡Ki fvlvi wbweo wbbv‡`| wMbmev‡M©i nvDj I DwbkwU KweZv Ges cve‡jv †biæ`vi wekwU KweZv fv‡jvevmvi, GKwU Mvb nZvkvi eB`ywU‡Z `„Kcv‡Z Avgiv G-Dw³i †bc_¨Kvi Dcjwäi mZ¨Zv †Ui cve| cwo Zuvi Abyev‡` GKUzLvwb †biæ`v Ñ †Zvgvi eyKB h‡_ó Avgvi ü`‡qi-Rb, Avi Avgvi Wvbv †Zvgvi gyw³i-Rb †Zvgvi AvZ¥vi Dci Ny‡gvw”Qj Zv D‡V Avm‡e Avgvi gy‡Li wfZi †_‡K ¯^‡M©i w`‡K| cÖwZw`‡bi weåg †Zvgv‡Z| Zzwg G‡j dzj-cv‡Îi w`‡K wkwk‡ii g‡Zv| Zzwg †QvU K‡iwQ‡j w`MšÍ‡K †Zvgvi Abycw¯’wZ‡Z| AbšÍ DÇxb †XD‡qi g‡Zv| Avwg e‡jwQ †h Zzwg evZv‡m †M‡qwQ‡j cvBb Mv‡Qi g‡Zv Ges gv¯‘‡ji g‡Zv| Zv‡`i g‡Zv Zzwg `xN© Ges †gŠbfvlx, Ges Zzwg welYœ, mnmv, mgy`ªhvÎvi g‡Zv| Zzwg wRwbmcÎ ¸wQ‡q bvI cyi‡bv c‡_i g‡Zv| Zzwg cÖwZaŸwb Avi ¯§„wZ‡g`yi k‡ã Aay¨wlZ| Avwg †R‡M DVjvg Avi gv‡S cvwLiv D‡o Avevi P‡j †Mj hviv †Zvgvi AvZ¥vi wfZi Ny‡gvw”Qj| (Ô†Zvgvi eyKB h‡_óÕ)

AvgMœ KvUvKzwUi Kwe

iweDj nymvBb Ab‡šÍi AšÍi-cÖvšÍ‡i cv evov‡jb DËi-cuPvˇi| wewPÎ-eY©vX¨ Rxeb Zuvi, m„wó‡Z ¯^ícÖR Z‡e ˆewkó¨gwÐZ| Z‡e Avgv‡`i Av‡jvwPZ eBc‡Îi evB‡iI i‡q‡Q Zuvi Ggbvgb m„wó; cÖeÜ Ñ AcÖ‡qvRbxq cÖeÜ; wK‡kvi-Dcb¨vm Kzqvkvq N‡i †div, `y`©všÍ, Qovq Qovq Qwo‡q w`jvg; GKK I †hŠ_ m¤úv`bv Ñ KweZvq XvKv, ¯’cwZ gvRnviæj Bmjvg Avi wewPÎeYx© †jLv mvwkÖZ n‡q‡Q iweDj nymvBb Agwbevm wk‡ivbv‡g| me wg‡j †Kv‡bv cÖvÁ cwiYwZi Rjgq mgy‡`ª †cuŠQv‡bvi e›`i-evmbv wQj bv Zuvi, wQj Avg„Zz¨-AvRxeb-AvgMœ KvUvKzwU †Ljvi iw³g evmbv Ñ wfwËi †fZi-KvVv‡gv k~b¨ wejvm R‡ji gw›`i g~javivq †g‡Ni kixi KiZ‡j kv`v cvZv mgy‡`ªi †XD mviv‡ejv †f‡m _vKv AbšÍ †f‡m hvIqv †Wv‡e I‡V I‡V †Wv‡e AweiZ AvgMœ KvUvKzwU †Ljv r


kÖ ×v Ä wj

evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i cÖw_Zhkv wKQy †jLK Av‡Qb, huv‡`i †jLv c‡o †PvL eÜ K‡i Zv Abyfe Kwi| Zuv‡`i †jLvi dg© ev iƒc, evbvbixwZ, hwZwP‡ýi e¨envi, Kgv, `vwo, nvB‡db, j¤^v nvB‡db, †Kvjb, c¨viv wbg©v‡Yi ˆkjx Avgv‡K gy» K‡i|

¯’cwZ Kwe iweDj nymvBb, m‡½ Zuvi †evb Kíbv bvw`iv evby

Avgvi iweDjfvB

Kv

iwd nK

j‡K iv‡Z Avwg K_v ejwQjvg wkKv‡Mv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wk¶K, eÜz gw›`iv fv`ywoi m‡½| gw›`iv evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i weL¨vZ †jLK mZxbv_ fv`ywoi bvZwb| gw›`iv‡K ejwQjvg, Avwg co‡Z Lye fv‡jvevwm| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i cÖw_Zhkv wKQy †jLK Av‡Qb, huv‡`i †jLv c‡o †PvL eÜ K‡i Zv Abyfe Kwi| Zuv‡`i †jLvi dg© ev iƒc, evbvbixwZ, hwZwP‡ýi e¨envi, Kgv, `vwo, nvB‡db, j¤^v nvB‡db, †Kvjb, c¨viv wbg©v‡Yi ˆkjx Avgv‡K gy» K‡i| mewgwj‡q †jLvUv‡K Zuviv †cBw›Us‡qi ch©v‡q wb‡q †M‡Qb| GiK‡gi †jLv c‡o Avwg Avb›` cvB, AbycÖvwYZ nB Ges wb‡RI wjL‡Z Drmvn cvB| Avi AvR mKvj‡ejv g‡b n‡jv, ayi, Kx n‡e wj‡L| K‡qKw`b Av‡MB Kíbv Avcv Avgv‡K wj‡L‡Qb, ÔiwefvB Lye Amy¯’ Rvwbm| e½eÜz nvmcvZv‡j fwZ© Av‡Q| 611 b¤^i iæ‡g| gb fv‡jv †bB, mevB †`vqv Ki|Õ Avwg wbDR‡ccvi cwo bv; wKš‘ evmvq wZb-PviwU †ccvi ivLv nq Rvwb| Avwg nv‡Z wb‡q †`wLI bv| wbDR‡ccv‡i KvR K‡iwQ †Z‡iv-†Pv‡Ïv eQi! A_P, †Kb †h GB 33


weZ…òv G‡jv! mKv‡j Nyg fvOj †mj‡dv‡bi UzsUvs‡q| Kíbv Avcv wj‡L‡Qb, ÔAvR mKv‡j Avgvi iwefvB P‡j †M‡Q ...|Õ †jLvi m‡½ GKwU Qwe : iwefvB Avi Kíbv Avcv| nv‡m¨v¾¡j `yB fvB‡evb Mjv Rwo‡q a‡i Av‡Qb| Gme mg‡q g‡b nq, gvby‡li fvlv KZ `xb! iweDjfvB Avi †bB, G-K_v †Kvb fvlvq †evSve? weQvbv †Q‡o N‡ii g‡a¨ nuvUwQ, fvewQ, Kx cojvg? Kvi Qwe †`Ljvg Ñ NygRwoZ gw¯Í‡®‹i RoZv KvU‡Z †`wi nq| eviv›`vq wM‡q `uvwo‡qB _vKjvg| g‡b n‡jv wMÖ‡j gv_v Mwj‡q †PuwP‡q wR‡Ám Kwi, iweDjfvB †Kv_vq P‡j †M‡Q? Kx hv-Zv ej‡Qb? N‡i G‡m wewWwbDR‡Uv‡qw›U‡dviWUK‡g †`Ljvg : mwZ¨B iwefvB Avi †bB| iwefvB †Zv Avgvi AvZ¥vi AvZ¥xq| Avgvi cÖ_g AvU© Gw·wekb n‡jv Õ94 mv‡j, †hvRb AvU© M¨vjvwi‡Z| †QvULv‡Uv Avwg Zuvi wMÖb‡iv‡Wi wMÖb mycvi gv‡K©‡Ui †cQ‡b Rvnvbviv Mv‡W©‡bi Awd‡m wM‡q ejjvg, ÔAvwg Gw·wekb Kie| Avgvi Gw·wekb K‡i w`‡Z n‡e|Õ Avwg †ek D‡ËwRZ| †hb Avgvi A‡bK AwaKvi Av‡Q Iui Ici| wZwb weL¨vZ gvbyl| evsjv‡`‡ki wØZxq cÖR‡b¥i wewkó AvwK©‡U±, mvwnwZ¨K, Kwe, wkíx, wkímgv‡jvPK, NvZK `vjvj wbg~©j KwgwU, gyw³hy× Rv`yN‡ii Uªvw÷, e½eÜz Rv`yNi, RvZxq KweZv cwil` Ñ †Kv_vq †bB wZwb| Zuvi K_v †Zv ninv‡gkvB jvwjgfvB‡qi Kv‡Q ï‡bwQ| ey‡q‡Ui cÖ_gw`‡Ki QvÎ wZwb Ñ QvÎRxe‡bB †ivgvÂKi

mvwnZ¨-Av‡›`vjb K‡i‡Qb| e„wó Zuvi Lye wcÖq wQj| †hŠe‡b wZwb †auvqvIVv Zzgyj e„wói †fZi WªvBf Ki‡Z fv‡jvevm‡Zb| Mvwo wb‡q js WªvB‡f P‡j †h‡Zb| Kzwóqvq, Avgvi wK‡kvi eq‡m wZwb wQ‡jb wKse`wšÍ! Awd‡m Zuvi iæ‡g weivU †Uwej| †Uwe‡ji Ici KuvUv-K¤úvm, †mU-¯‹qvi, bvbv ai‡bi †¯‹j, ¯ú¨vPzjv, WªvdwUs †cb, w_ª-we, †dvi-we, dvBf-we, wm·-we †cbwmj| wZwb wbweóg‡b †Uwe‡j Szu‡K WªBs K‡i hv‡”Qb| Avwg †h Avgvi AvU© Gw·wek‡bi K_v e‡jwQ wZwb gb w`‡q ï‡b‡Qb e‡j g‡b n‡jv bv| Awd‡mi cv‡kB †Kv_vI wbg©vYKvR PjwQj| evZv‡m Kv‡b †f‡m G‡jv, GKRb wbg©vY kÖwgK nq‡Zv Av‡iKRb‡K ej‡Q, ÔnvivgRv`v KB †Mwj ...|Õ iwefvB WªBs Ki‡Z Ki‡Z Avcbg‡b DËi w`‡jb, ÔGB †Zv GLv‡b ...|Õ Gevi Avgvi w`‡K ZvKv‡jb, ej‡jb : ÔK_vwU hv‡KB ejyK bv †Kb, Avwg †Zv ï‡bwQ| ZvB DËi w`jvg|Õ Mvj PIov K‡i wbtk‡ã nvm‡jb| †hgbwU K‡i wZwb nvm‡Zb| AvwgI †n‡m †djjvg| Lye gRv †cjvg| Ggb gvbylI nq! IBw`b wZwb Avgv‡K Awd‡mB jv Kiv‡jb| Zvici Avgvi Gw·wek‡bi Rb¨ KZ RvqMvq †h †dvb Ki‡jb| wbZzb `v`v‡K (AUexi cÖwZôvZv wbZzb KzÛz) †dvb K‡i ej‡jb, ÔAvgv‡`i iwdi AvU© Gw·wekb, AgyK Zvwi‡L wbS©‡ii †hvR‡b, _vK‡Z n‡e we‡kl AwZw_ n‡q|Õ evsjv‡`‡ki dv`vi Ae AvwK©‡U± gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi Kv‡Q Avgvi hvIqvi e¨e¯’v Ki‡jb| ej‡jb, ÔwZwb n‡eb cÖavb AwZw_|Õ

iweDjfvB‡qi avbgwÐi evmvq GK mKv‡j| wZwb †Uwj‡dv‡b GKRb KweeÜyi m‡½ K_v ejwQ‡jb | GwUB Avgvi †Zvjv Zuvi †kl Qwe

34


1994 mv‡j XvKvi †m›Uªvj †iv‡Wi Ô†hvRbÕ K‡›U‡¤úvivwi AvU© M¨vjvwi‡Z wkíx iwd n‡Ki cÖ_g wPÎcÖ`k©bx AbywôZ nq| cÖ`k©bxi D‡Øvab K‡ib †`‡ki ¯’cwZ¸iæ gvRnviæj Bmjvg| we‡kl AwZw_ wQ‡jb wkíx iwdKzb bex, wbZzb KzÛz Ges ¯’cwZ-Kwe iweDj nymvBb| †mB cÖ_g †Kv‡bv wPÎcÖ`k©bxi D‡ØvaK wQ‡jb ¯’cwZ gvRnviæj Bmjvg I we‡kl AwZw_ n‡qwQ‡jb ¯’cwZ-Kwe iweDj nymvBb| Qwe‡Z wkíxi m‡½ ¯’cwZ¸iæ gvRnviæj Bmjvg I iweDj nymvBb‡K †`Lv hv‡”Q Gw·wekb ¯úÝiwk‡ci Rb¨ bvbv RvqMvq †dvb Ki‡jb| ZLb AvU© Gw·wekb mnR wQj bv| ¯úÝi †Zv Av‡iv c‡ii K_v| Zey nvj Qvo‡jb bv| IBw`bB wZwb Awd‡m e‡m Avgvi Gw·wek‡bi Ici K¨vUvj‡Mi †jLvwU Bs‡iwR‡Z wj‡L †dj‡jb| Ggb Abvqv‡m †jLv hvq AvU© wb‡q? Avwg AevK n‡q iwefvB‡qi LyuwUbvwU †`LwQjvg| Lye g‡b c‡o, GK we‡K‡j ¯’cwZ gvRnviæj Bmjv‡gi Kv‡Q †Mjvg| Zuvi cixev‡Mi evmvq| cÖPzi MvQcvjvq †Niv cyi‡bv my›`i evwo| wZwb Avgvi m‡½ K_v ej‡jb| Avgvi AuvKv Qwe †`L‡jb| ej‡jb, ÔiweDj I wbS©i Avcbvi K_v Avgv‡K e‡j‡Q| Avwg †f‡ewQjvg Avcwb Av‡iv eq¯‹ n‡eb, GLb †Zv †`LwQ Avcbvi eqm A‡bK Kg| †`L‡Z Av‡iv †QvU ...| †`Lyb Avwg AvU© K‡j‡Ri AvwK©‡U± e‡U, wKš‘ Avgv‡K †KD AvU© Gw·wekb D‡Øvab Ki‡Z e‡jbwb| Aby‡ivaI K‡ibwb| AvcwbB cÖ_g G‡jb ...| Avwg †f‡e †`wL| Z‡e GKUv kZ© Av‡Q †h, Avcwb AvMvgx GK mßvn cÖwZw`b we‡K‡j Avgvi m‡½ Pv Lv‡eb| Avgiv K_v eje ...|Õ GB Awfbe cÖ¯ÍvewU Avgvi Lye fv‡jv †j‡MwQj| GZeo GKRb gvby‡li m‡½ Avwg K_v eje! †m Av‡iK D‡ËRbv| wØZxq ˆeV‡KB Avgvi Aby‡iv‡a Avgv‡K ÔZzwgÕ K‡i m‡¤^vab K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb Avgvi Kv‡Q A‡bK ¯§„wZ †ivgš’b K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi cwiKíbv, fvebv Ñ Gme wb‡q e‡jwQ‡jb| Avgv‡K †h †mœn I fv‡jvevmv wZwb †`wL‡qwQ‡jb Zv Avgvi AvRxeb g‡b _vK‡e| iweDjfvB‡K Avwg †kqvi KiZvg| iwefvB Lywk n‡Zb| Avgvi cÖ_g AvU© Gw·wek‡bi cÖavb AwZw_ wQ‡jb gvRnviæj

Bmjvg, we‡kl AwZw_ wkíx iwdKzb bex, wkíx wbZzb KzÛz, ¯’cwZ iweDj nymvBb| mfvcwZZ¡ K‡iwQ‡jb †hvRb M¨vjvwii ¯’cwZ Gbvgyj Kwig wbS©ifvB| B›Uv‡iw÷s n‡jv : cÖ`k©bx ¯úÝi K‡iwQj evsjv‡`k ivB‡djm, evsjv‡`k †mbvevwnbx| Z‡e iweDjfvBI Rxe‡b †mB cÖ_g †Kv‡bv AvU© Gw·wek‡b AwZw_ n‡qwQ‡jb| wZwbI gvRnviæj Bmjvg m¨v‡ii g‡Zv e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔAvwg AvU© wb‡q wjwL, wKš‘ †KD †Zv Avgv‡K AwZw_ nIqvi Rb¨ Aby‡iva K‡iwb!Õ AvR fve‡Z fv‡jv jv‡M †h, wZwb Avgv‡K †QvUfvB‡qi g‡Zv AvM‡j †i‡L Avgvi cÖ_g cÖ`k©bxi A‡bK ¸iæZ¡c~Y© `vwqZ¡ Abvqv‡m cvjb K‡iwQ‡jb| Zvici Zuv‡K wb‡q, Zuv‡K wN‡i KZ KZ ¯§„wZ Avgvi! KZ ivZRvMvwbqv AvÇv| GLb †m-K_v _vK| AvR hLb Zuv‡K wb‡q wjLwQ, ZLb wZwb ï‡q Av‡Qb nvmcvZv‡ji wngN‡i| GK-GK mgq weåg g‡b n‡”Q| Zuvi GZ ¸YMÖvnx I eÜz-cwiRb Zuv‡K wb‡q ej‡Qb| A_P wZwb wb‡R Dcw¯’Z †bB| †Kv_vq †mB wkïi g‡Zv mij nvm¨gq gyL, †mB wbtkã PIov nvwm! A‡bK mgq iwefvB‡qi m‡½ Avwg wkíwelqK †jLv wb‡q ZK© K‡iwQ| †NviZi g‡Zi Awgj wb‡q Avwg gb LvivcI K‡iwQ| wKš‘ KL‡bv iwefvB Avgv‡K `~‡i mwi‡q †`bwb| AvR iwefvB wb‡RB `~‡i P‡j †M‡jb| A‡bK `~‡i| †h `~i †_‡K Avi †d‡i bv †KD| †Kgb k~b¨ n‡q †Mjvg! weL¨vZ wkíx gyZ©Rv ekxi m¨vi Avgvi †dmeyK †`qv‡j wj‡L‡Qb : ÔiweDj nymvBb Avi †bB †R‡b GK ai‡bi k~b¨Zv Avgv‡K wN‡i †djj| Avgvi eo wcÖq gvbyl| GB †e`bv ivLvi g‡Zv kw³ Avjøvn Avgv‡K †hb †`b ...|Õ

35


`yB

hZevi iweDjfvB‡qi †PnvivwU g‡b co‡Q, ZZeviB Zuvi nvm¨gq gyLwUB †Pv‡L fvm‡Q| iƒcevb cyiæl wQ‡jb iweDjfvB| Mv‡q †Uve¨v‡Kvi myevm, nv‡Z cvBc| Mv‡q `vwg wPKb j¤^v ÷ªvB‡ci kvU©| A_ev †Wwbg kvU©| eyK ch©šÍ kv‡U©i †evZvg †Lvjv| Mjvq iæ‡cvi cyiæ †PBb| Zv‡Z Zvi‡Kv‡qR j‡KU Szj‡Q| nv‡Z iæ‡cvi †eªm‡jU ...| PIov eyK I Kuv‡ai Kwe †nu‡U P‡j‡Qb! Avgiv hLb m`¨ ¯‹j z Qvwo‡q K‡j‡R G‡mwQ, ZLbB iweDj nymvBb †`‡ki cÖwZwôZ Kwe| Avwg MZ kZvãxi Avwk mv‡ji K_v ejwQ| ZLb Avgiv Kzwóqvi K‡qKRb D`xqgvb ZiæY KweZv-wkí-mvwnZ¨ wb‡q PP©v KiwQ, cvewjK jvB‡eªwi‡Z GKwÎZ nw”Q cÖZ¨n we‡K‡j ev mܨvq| wVK G-mg‡q KvjRqx Awf‡bZv ivRy Avn‡g‡`i m‡nv`i jvwjg n‡Ki m‡½ cwiPq| wZwbB Avgv‡`i cÖavb gvbyl n‡q DV‡jb wKQyw`‡bi g‡a¨| jvwjgfvB‡qi †bZ…‡Z¡ ivRy Avn‡g` ¯§„wZ msm`B n‡q DVj Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨-KweZv-wkí-ms¯‹w… Z PP©vi wVKvbv| Kwe iweDj nymvB‡bi KweZvi m‡½ Avgv‡`i cwiPq ZLb †_‡K Mvp n‡Z _v‡K| wZwb Avgv‡`i Av‡iv Avcb n‡q DV‡jb hLb Rvbjvg †h wZwb ivRy Avn‡g‡`i cwiev‡iiB GKRb| Gfv‡eB Avwg ZuviI wcÖq n‡q D‡VwQjvg : ÔAv‡i, Zzwg †Zv Avgv‡`iB †jvK ...|Õ KZ K_v g‡b co‡Q! Avevi me ¸wQ‡qI Avb‡Z cviwQ bv| KZkZ AvÇv| wPÎwkíxiv wPÎcÖ`k©bx Ki‡Qb Avi †mme AvÇvq iweDjfvB †bB Ñ G fvev hvq bv| †`‡ki G‡Kev‡i ZiæYZg wkíxi m‡½I iweDjfvB‡qi cwiPq wQj| GUv Lye weij| Ggbme K_v ej‡Zb iweDjfvB ZLb Zuv‡K g‡b n‡Zv †hb mvjfv`i `vwji †Kv‡bv RM‡Zi myiwiqvwj÷ evwm›`v! GKw`b †e½j M¨vjvwi‡Z iv‡Z AvÇv w`‡Z w`‡Z ej‡jb nVvrB, ÔAv”Qv, Gi gv‡b nq †Kv‡bv? GB †h Avgv‡`i `y‡Uv †PvL, GUv AšÍZ QqUv nIqv DwPZ wQj| Avgv‡`i wWRvB‡b fzj Av‡Q ...Õ Avwg JrmyK¨ wb‡q ewj, ÔQqUv †Kb?Õ Ôa‡iv †cQ‡b `yBUv, `yB Kv‡bi Dc‡i `yBUv ...Õ Avwg nvmwQ| wKš‘ nvm‡Z nvm‡Z †`L‡Z jvMjvg GKRb civev¯Íeev`x gvbyl‡K| cÖm½ Qvov K_v ej‡Z iwefvB fv‡jvevm‡Zb| AvÇvi g‡a¨ GK iv‡Z nVvrB Avgvi cv‡k G‡m em‡jb, GZ¶Y `~‡iB wQ‡jb| K‡¶i Av‡iK cÖv‡šÍ ZLbKvi ciivóª mwPe wgRviæj Kv‡q‡mi m‡½ AvÇv w`w”Q‡jb| Kx g‡b K‡i Avgvi cv‡k †Pqvi †U‡b em‡jb| jvwjgfvB‡qi K_v wR‡Ám Ki‡jb| G Avgv‡`i `yR‡bi Kgb K_v wQj, Ôjvwjg †Kgb Av‡Q ...?Õ Avgv‡`i †Kv_vI †`Lv n‡jB ci¯úi‡K GB K_vwU ejZvg! Zvic‡iB ej‡jb, AgyK Zvwi‡L Agy‡Ki `vIqvZ †c‡q‡Qv wK bv? Avgš¿Yc‡Î †h ÔRSVPÕ †jLv _v‡K Gi gv‡b Rv‡bv? ejjvg, ÔGUv GKwU divwm evK¨ : Ôrépondezs’ilvousplaîtÕ hvi Bs‡iwR n‡jv Ôplease respondÕ| A_©vr `vIqv‡Z hve wK hve bv †m-msµvšÍ welq-Avkq|Õ iwefvB ej‡jb, Ô`~i †evKv, RSVP n‡jv Ôim‡Mvjøv m‡›`k fv‡jv cv‡ebÕ...Õ GKwU mg‡q iweDjfvB‡qi Mv‡q `vwg †Uve¨v‡Kvi MÜ †j‡M _vKZ| G-K_v ïiæ‡ZB e‡jwQ| fzifzi K‡i †mB MÜ evZv‡m Qov‡Z Qov‡Z †h‡Zb| mv`v Ryjwci iƒcevb iweDjfvB, nv‡Z cvBc, Mv‡q †Uve¨v‡Kvi myevm, D¾¡j †Pv‡L ZvwK‡q Av‡Qb, Zuvi cv‡k nvmbvZfvB, kvgmyi ivngvb Avi Zvi‡KvqvR meyR

36

†Pv‡Li wkíx †gvnv¤§` wKewiqv, GKUz `~‡i †iv‡Kqv myjZvbv ...| GiKg GKwU `„k¨ †Pv‡L fv‡m| BwÛqvb KvjPvivj †m›Uv‡i Av‡qvwRZ GKwU wPÎcÖ`k©bx‡Z Zuv‡`i GKm‡½ GKB †d«‡g Gfv‡e †`‡LwQjvg| beŸB‡qi `k‡Ki †k‡li w`‡K iweDjfvB‡qi ¯¿x Amy¯’ n‡j ¯¿xi Rb¨ Zuvi DrKÉv †`‡LwQ| ¯¿x XvKv †gwWK¨vj K‡jR nvmcvZv‡ji AvBwmBD‡Z| wZwb mvivw`b XvKv †gwWK¨v‡j _vK‡Zb| nvmbvZfvB‡qi m‡½ Avwg cÖvq cÖwZw`bB Awdm‡k‡l †gwWK¨v‡ji K¨vw›U‡b wM‡q iweDjfvB‡qi Kv‡Q †hZvg| †mLv‡b Lye giweW K_v ej‡Zb iweDjfvB| †mB iweDjfvB‡K Avi Ab¨wKQyi m‡½ †gjv‡Z cviZvg bv! Avgv‡`i ej‡Zb, ¯¿xi DbœZ wPwKrmvi Rb¨ avbgwÐi A¨vcvU©‡g›U wewµ K‡i †`‡eb; wKš‘ wkíx wbZzb KzÛz †Nvi we‡ivwaZv K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔAvwg AvwQ, Avwg _vK‡Z wKQy wewµ Ki‡Z n‡e bv ...|Õ wkíx wbZzb KzÛz wQ‡jb Av‡iK wekvj ü`‡qi gvbyl| cv¯‹vj bv‡g Avgvi GK ZiæY divwm eÜz wQj| 2003 mv‡ji w`‡K cv¯‹vj Avwjqum d«u‡m‡Ri cwiPvjK| Avwg d«v‡Ýi GKwU AvU© wUª‡qbvj †_‡K cyi¯‹vi †c‡j cv¯‹v‡ji m‡½ Avgvi eÜzZv Mvp nq| cv¯‹vj Avwjqu‡mi M¨vjvwi‡Z IB mgq Avgvi GKwU GKK wPÎcÖ`k©bxiI Av‡qvRb K‡i| cv¯‹vj wb‡RI GKRb Kwe I †jLK| gv‡Sg‡a¨B cv¯‹vj Avi Ii evÜex Avgvi avbgwÐi ÷zwW‡Z AvmZ, AvÇv n‡Zv| †m iweDjfvB‡K Lye cQ›` KiZ| iweDjfvB Avm‡Zb! A‡bK AvÇv n‡Zv| GKevi iv‡Z Ggb e„wó n‡jv †h, mvivivZ e„wó‡Z Avgv‡`i GjvKv †f‡m †Mj| mvivivZB iweDjfvB, cv¯‹vj, Ii evÜex Avi Avwg AvÇv w`‡qwQjvg| iwefvB Mvb †M‡qwQ‡jb| wKš‘ ¸b¸b K‡i MvB‡jb| IBw`b g‡b n‡qwQj, iwefvB †ek jvRyKI! †fviiv‡Z Zuviv wPKb e„wói g‡a¨ †ewi‡q †M‡jb| GK nuvUzcvwb‡Z †b‡g Zuviv †nu‡U hv‡”Qb Ñ †mB `„k¨ g‡b co‡Q †ek! †Kv_vI iweDjfvB‡qi Dcw¯’wZ gv‡bB GKUv cÖvYPÂj cwi‡ek| Zuv‡K wN‡i Av‡iv A‡b‡K GKwÎZ nIqv| Kwe iwdK AvRv`, Avgvi eÜzwkíx Rv‡f` Rwjj, mvsevw`K iægx †bvgvb, R B gvgyb KL‡bv wkív½‡b, KL‡bv ev Rv‡f‡`i ÷zwWI‡Z gyLwiZ AvÇvq Mfxi ivZ Aewa †f‡m hvIqv gvbylwUi AvR wbk¦vm †bIqvi AwaKvi P‡j †M‡Q| wZwb eyw×Rxex Kei¯’v‡b wPiwb`ªvq kvwqZ| Avi Avwg LmLm K‡i wj‡L hvw”Q? wZwb ÔwQ‡jbÕ, ÔwjL‡ZbÕ, Ôej‡ZbÕ, Ôfv‡jvevm‡ZbÕ Ñ GBme AZxZ wµqvc` w`‡q! iweDj nymvBb, wZwb ïay Avgv‡`i Kv‡ji eo KweB wQ‡jb bv, wZwb Avgvi eÜz, fvB, AwffveK Ñ me wgwj‡q A‡bK wKQy| †k‡li w`‡K Avi iweDjfvB‡qi m‡½ Av‡Mi g‡Zv †`Lv n‡Zv bv! XvKvi weL¨vZ UªvwdK Avi `~i‡Z¡i Kvi‡Y| GK mKv‡j AvwgB †`Lv Ki‡Z †Mjvg avbgwÐ Pvi b¤^i †iv‡Wi A¨vcvU©‡g‡›U| †`‡LB ej‡jb, ÔKzwóqvi gvby‡li †`vl wK Rv‡bv? ... Gi †Kv‡bv gv‡b nq? GZw`b Av‡mvwb †Kb? Av”Qv, jvwjg Kg‡dvU© nvmcvZv‡j fwZ© n‡qwQj Rv‡bv?Õ wkíx Rv‡f` Rwj‡ji kixi wb‡qI K_v ej‡jb| wb‡Ri kix‡ii K_v wKQyB ej‡jb bv! †ewkifvMB AvU© wb‡q, PviæKjvwelqK †jLv wb‡q K_v n‡jv| †mB †kl †`Lv| iwefvB P‡j hvIqvi ci fvewQ, GKUv mg‡qi ci wbk¦vm †bIqvi AwaKvi P‡j hvq| RMr †Q‡o P‡j †h‡ZB nq| g„Zz¨ †h-†Kv‡bv eq‡mB Avm‡Z cv‡i| †hfv‡eB AvmyK Ñ wbk¦v‡mi AwaKvi †m †K‡o †b‡eB| we`vq iweDjfvB| r


Kvwj I Kj‡g cÖKvwkZ

iweDj nymvB‡bi K‡qKwU KweZv gvbyl Kx Amvgvb¨ cÖvYx Ab_© GB mg‡qi mvejxj †mªv‡Z e‡q hvq wbSzg `ycyi, wbtm½ AvZ©bv‡` Pvwiw`K gMœ-`», Zzgyj DËv‡c Amnvq Rbc` cy‡o hvq bMixi `vc‡U, e¨w³eM© An¼vi-Amy‡L gnvgvwi-AvµvšÍ, cÖwZwU gvby‡li evûg~‡j R‡g‡Q †bvbv Nvg we›`y we›`y mgy‡`ªi e„wó m‡db, GBfv‡eB Aciva Rgv nq †Mvcb wePv‡i, AvKvk †_‡K †b‡g Av‡m IB mnmª iv‡Zi Kvwnwb Ñ †evevKvbœv, Kx wQj †mB k~b¨ msmv‡i, cwic~Y© R‡j Kx‡mi muvZvi, ïay ïay †f‡m _vKv †h‡nZz wbR¯^ cyKz‡i †KvbIfv‡eB †Wvev hvq bv, DØvû Suvc w`‡q A‡b¨i R‡j Rj‡Kwj LyeB mnR µxov, R‡ji bxie wPrKvi RjnxbZvi †XD‡q †XD‡q, mwZ¨B gvbyl Kx Amvgvb¨ cÖvYx, gvby‡li g„Zz¨ nÕ‡j †KD bv †KD eyK Pvcwo‡q Kuv‡` Avi evZvm‡K `vqx K‡i| †kv‡Ki g‡a¨ gvby‡li gv_vi Ic‡i GK ai‡bi cv_i G‡m c‡o, †K›`ªZ¨vMx hviv A`„k¨ wQj ZvivB AvR Pzwc Pzwc mvg‡b G‡m `uvovq| mvg‡bi AMva mg‡qi Af¨šÍ‡i cÖK…Z mgq Lyu‡R †eovq, Mv‡Qi mvg‡b G‡m nuvUz †f‡O gv_v wbPz K‡i cÖv_©bv K‡i Ñ †n e„¶kÖx Zzlv‡ii g‡a¨ R‡ji †h-iƒc †`Lv hvq cÖK…Z R‡ji m‡½ Zvi Kx cÖ‡f` wKsev e„wói m‡½ wkwk‡ii, cvZvi m‡½ wkK‡oi, evZv‡mi m‡½ ¯§„wZi, †e`bvi m‡½ m~² †ev‡ai, cwic~Y©Zvi m‡½ Mfxi Rjvk‡qi, gvbyl †h‡nZz wb‡R‡K wKQy‡ZB Rvb‡Z cv‡i bv ZvB Zvi Rxeb wPiKvj D‡Ïk¨ Avi D‡Ïk¨nxb n‡qB †_‡K †Mj Ñ GB wPivw¯ÍZ¡ e‡›`ve‡¯Íi gv‡S Zv‡K AvRxeb gi‡Yi c‡iI i‡q †h‡Z n‡e| wb‡R‡K evievi e`wj‡q e`wj‡q mvev‡bi g‡Zv ¶‡q ¶‡q hvq Avi k~‡b¨ fv‡m e„Ëve× ey`&ey`&¸‡jv| Zvi g‡a¨ gvby‡li Awek¦vmx gb wek¦eªþv‡Ði AjxK ivgaby is cÖRvcwZi cvLv nÕ‡q AvKvkgq AmsL¨ D‡o †h‡Z _v‡K AÜKv‡ii †fZ‡i| Ryb 2004

gvby‡li gb †mB wek¦eªþvÐ gvby‡li Rb¥ wKsev g„Zz¨ evZvmevwnZ cig wbtk¦v‡m IB †h †VjvMvwo Zvi wc‡V cyi‡bv AvmevecÎ RxY© wek¦v‡m gjvU-†Quov eB-cËi mvgwqKx K‡eKvi KíKvwnwb gvbbxq gvwj‡Ki †Q‡j‡g‡q cvov-cowk AvZ¥xq-KzUzg me †`‡L hveZxq weeY© AvKv‡k Puv`-Zviv MÖn-b¶Î-m~h© AweiZ Ny‡i Ny‡i wbtk‡ã k~b¨Zvi †fZi fvmgvb IRbnxb Hk¦‡h© wbR¯^ RM‡Zi k~b¨Ø‡›Ø gvby‡li gb †mB wek¦eªþvÐ wKQy ¯^cœ wek¦vm `ytL IB MÖn-b¶Î N~Y©vqgvb GKB c‡_ Avwe®‹vinxb wfbœ-wQbœ Qov‡bv-wQUv‡bv me©Î GBfv‡e Rxeb Av‡jvgyLx m~‡h©i weï× Qvqvq Av‡m wbR¯^Zvq Auvavigq ALÐ mg‡q ey‡K nvZ w`‡q †R‡b hvq ¯^cœk~b¨ wbg©gZvq †deªæqvwi 2010

37


QqwU Pvi cO&w³i c`¨ GK. wb‡Ri Avgvi wKQyB †bB e¨w³Z¡nxb Avwg-i †`n ˆZwi wcZvgvZvi gbwU AšÍh©vgxi

Qq. wccvmvq eyK dv‡U AvKv‡k Rj †bB †gN ïwK‡q Zz‡jv ïay AvKvkM½v bv‡gB

AvRKvj Z‡cve‡b e‡m †KD a¨vb K‡i bv, Kv‡QB Rjvkq, R‡j gvQ muvZivq RjR MvQ-MvQvwj jZv-cvZvq, ïay gvby‡li wbt¯^ wbtk¦vm `~‡i, AvKvk nuvUz †f‡O †mB fw½‡Z gyL Wzwe‡q Z…òv †bfvq †hgb K‡i gvby‡liv Rjcvb K‡i, GKUz Kv‡Q G‡jB †M‡iv Ly‡j hvq, me Gwj‡q c‡o hÎZÎ, gvwU‡Z AvQvo †L‡j e¨_v jv‡M bv, AvNvZwU cvwL n‡q I‡o| Gcv‡k wcuc‡oi mvwi, Zviv GKwU dwos‡qi jvk e‡q wb‡q †Kv_vq †h hv‡”Q †KD ej‡Z cv‡i bv, Z‡e †g‡Ni g‡a¨ Rj-wcuc‡oiv evm K‡i, ZvivB g~jZ `vqx e„wó-ev`‡ji, gvby‡li m‡½ R‡ji A‡bK cv_©K¨, R‡ji †fZi gvbyl Wz‡e g‡i hvq, hw`I Zvi Av‡M muvZvi Kv‡U, wKš‘ †k‡l †Kv‡bv jvf nq bv, wb‡P Zwj‡q hvq Abvqv‡m, Ab¨ w`‡K gvby‡li g‡a¨ R‡ji wKQyB nq bv, Rj gvbyl‡K ay‡q wfwR‡q †`q, my‡L-`yt‡L welYœZvq, bvwf‡Z K¯‘ix wgkv‡j iv¯Ív cwi®‹vi nq, Avi cvZv‡ji SY©vavivq RjcÖcv‡Zi kã †kvbv hvq, ˆ`evr †KD Lywk n‡j `ytLiv `ytwLZ nq, mvivw`b wed‡j †h‡Z †h‡Z we‡K‡j kix‡ii m‡½ A‡b¨i kixi †hvM Ki‡j MwYZkv¯¿ nv‡m, wb‡g‡l Aegy³ n‡j cvwLiv Wvbv †f‡O c‡o hvq, evZv‡mi Mwj‡Z Lye m¯Ívq wewfbœ ai‡bi dj kvKmewR wewµ nq, Z‡e `vg A‡bK, AvR †Kv‡bv ev‡i c‡o bv LÄ wfwLwi n‡q Mwo‡q Mwo‡q eûevi c_ cvwo †`q, Av‡kcv‡k †KD †bB, Z‡e A‡b‡Ki wfo Gwo‡q GKvKx nIqv hvq bv, B‡jKwUªK hw` we`y¨r nq Z‡e K¤úy¨Uvi ˆe`y¨wZb, gv_vi †fZi AvKv‡ki e¨vwß, mgy‡`ªi MfxiZv, †mLv‡b wngvj‡qi cuvP gvBj DuPz cvnvoI Wy‡e Wz‡e ¤øvb K‡i, gv_vwU DuPz bv K‡iI gv‡Qi m‡½ muvZv‡i hvq, jZv-¸‡j¥ Rwo‡q Rwo‡q Lvwe Lvq Avi ZLbB R‡ji †fZi †gN Wv‡K we`y¨r PgKvq, gvbyl fq cvq, Avm‡j gvby‡li †Kv‡bv wek¦vm †bB, Zviv †h-†Kv‡bv gyn~‡Z© Rb¥vq, g„Zz¨eiY K‡i Avi cÖwZev` Ki‡Z Ki‡Z k~b¨Zvq RjgMœZvq wb‡R‡K wb‡Ri m‡½ hy× evavq

†g 2015

AvM÷ 2010

`yB. cwiLvwU Pvwiw`‡K cÖvPxi cÖvmv` wN‡i Zey Av‡m kÎæ ev‡i ev‡i wd‡i wZb. gvSiv‡Z evR c‡o VvVv Ñ we`y¨ZvwqZ KY©Kzn‡i †cuŠQy‡jB mewKQy mZ¨vwqZ Pvi. cuvPwgkvwj cuv‡P bq AMYb Zvi msL¨v nq‡Zv `yB-wZ‡b †g‡k †bB †Kv‡bv e¨vL¨v cuvP. AvKv‡k †gN †bB Zey bv‡g e„wó SiSi S‡i hvq G Kx Abvm„wó

38

R‡ji †fZi †gN Wv‡K


cÖK…wZ Rxeb GgbB eywS AvKvk P‡j‡Q k~‡b¨i ey‡K b`x e‡q hvq mvM‡i GLb D‡ëv K‡i k~b¨ hw` AvKv‡k hvq mvMi hw` b`xi Uv‡b Zvn‡j Kx Dcvq gvbyl P‡j‡Q Rxe‡bi w`‡K e„¶¸‡jv gvwUi Auvav‡i GLb D‡ëv K‡i Rxeb hw` gvby‡li †e‡k gvwU hw` e„¶-wkK‡o Zvn‡j Kx Ae‡k‡l

b`x I KweZv G‡`‡ki gvbyl De©i cwjgvwU Zv‡`i ey‡Ki Ici w`‡q AvKzj b`x¸‡jv mvM‡ii w`‡K e‡q P‡j‡Q KzjKzj Db¥~j K‚‡j K‚‡j km¨vw` dmj djdzj cÖRvcwZ `~‡i iwOb cvLv †g‡j I‡o evZv‡mi k~b¨ cwim‡i Wvbvq Wvbvq cÖwZmv‡g¨i eY©vjx wPÎKjvm¤¢vi Kviv GBme m„wói †gŠwjK wkíx GZ †h Ac~e© AwfbœZvi cÖwZwUB ¯^qsm¤ú~Y© A_P wfbœ wfbœ Aeq‡e Amv‡g¨i mgš^‡q Abb¨ wbg©j wbq‡g b`x¸‡jvI cÖvK…wZK AR©‡bi e܇b euvav cÖwZwUi cwiPq Kx h_vh_ bv‡gi cwic~Y©Zvq GgZ AvnŸv‡b b`x‡`i kvk¦Z bv›`wbK bvgKi‡Yi ggZvq KweZvi wk‡ivbv‡g b`x¸‡jv KweZvmg KweZvI mnmª Drm-b`x n‡q R‡ji AMva kãmgy`ª wb‡q AMYb ARmª

evZvm P‡j‡Q cvnv‡oi w`‡K c_¸‡jv me cv‡qi †fZ‡i GLb D‡ëv K‡i cvnvo hw` evZvm-ev`‡j cv¸‡jv me c‡_i euv‡K Zvn‡j Kx djvd‡j `ytL P‡j‡Q ¯^‡cœi w`‡K cÖRvcwZwU dz‡ji Ic‡i GLb D‡ëv K‡i ¯^cœ hw` `yt‡Li †kv‡K dz‡ji fv‡i cÖRvcwZwU Zvn‡j Avi Kx _v‡K

Ggwb K‡iB Pj‡Q meB Dëvcvëv †mvRvmywR cO&w³‡mªv‡Z Mwo‡q Mwo‡q †evavbyf‡e wbtmxg AvKvkM½vq c_ I D‡Ïk me GKB bxie wbtk~b¨Zv ¯^vMZ mvejxjZv ZvB b`x I KweZv GKB cw_K ewnmx©gvq cÖK…wZ Rxeb GgbB eywS †deªæqvwi 2014

†g 2005

39


mB †gjv Avi `yB mZx_© A‡jvKiÄb `vk¸ß Ggb †Zv bq `yÕeÜz GB Rxe‡b cÖ_g D‡Øva‡bi cÖ`xc R¡vjv‡Z GLv‡b G‡mwQ Ñ bv G‡j `viæY Ab_© n‡Zv, ejv evûj¨, bebxZv meB K‡i w`Z Lye jÐfÐ Ñ Zey `yR‡bB Kgwe¯Íi bvf©vm AvwQ, †PŠw`K †_‡K mB-†gjv Ry‡o A½bv hZ Avgv‡`i GB AcÖwZfZv Dc‡fvM K‡i, Av‡jvKwPÎx †W‡K wb‡q G‡m cv‡k `uvov‡”Q jve‡Y¨ †Nu‡l, Z‡e wK GUvB `yB eÜzi †kl emšÍ? Ggb †Zv bq Avgiv GL‡bv ZviæY¨gq, fziæi `yav‡i Kvkdzj G‡m Av‡iK mgq ey‡b w`‡q †M‡Q hv‡Z wg‡k Av‡Q cyY¨ I cvc Ñ GKRb Pzc, A‡b¨i gy‡L gw`i cÖjvc Ñ GKB Nivbvi kwiK n‡qI mj‡Z R¡vjv‡Z `yiæ`yiæ fq, wbD‡ivjwR÷ MZKvj iv‡Z e‡j w`‡q‡Qb Avgv‡`i `yB nv‡ZB GLb mšÍc©‡Y ïiæ n‡q †M‡Q cviwKbmb| Gevi cÖ`xc m~Pbvi cvjv| Avgvi eÜz GwM‡q w`‡jb `wÿY nvZ ... nvZUv Kuvc‡Q jÿ K‡iB Avwg nvZ ivwL nv‡Zi Dc‡i Avi Zÿzwb †`wL Avgv‡`i `yR‡bi nvZ w_iw_i K‡i AvKv‡k Do‡Q bxj cÖRvcwZ... mB-†gjv `¨v‡L, eyS‡Z cv‡i bv, G mܨviwZ| mB‡gjv : eB‡gjvi Abyl‡½ bebxZv †`e †mb cÖwZwôZ bvix‡Kw›`ªK mvwnZ¨ ms¯’v `yB eÜz : k•L †Nvl I A‡jvKiÄb `vk¸ß

42


kÖ ×v Ä wj

eyw×hyw³‡gavi Kiv‡Z whwb †K‡U †dj‡Zb AÜKvi‡K h‡kvaiv ivq‡PŠayix

ïay Zzwg my¯’ n‡e| Avwg w`‡q †`‡ev Avgvi †KvRvMixi Puv`, kv`v †`qv‡ji gq~iKÉx Av‡jv, w`‡q †`‡ev weMZ eQ‡ii giv cvwLi ggZv, Avi AvMvgx eQ‡ii KjvMvQwUi ¯^cœ| (ÔAv‡ivM¨Õ, bebxZv †`e‡mb)

G

KwU D¾¡j cÖvYešÍ nvwm I `yB †gavex Pÿzi QwewU i‡q †Mj cvV‡Ki wP‡Ë| GB †jLv hLb wjLwQ Zvi wVK NÈvwZ‡bK Av‡M †R‡bwQ wZwb †bB| wZwb †h Amy¯’ †m-K_vUv Zvi Av‡M †_‡KB Rvwb| MZ †iveevi,

gv‡b wVK cuvPw`b Av‡M, GK cwÎKvq wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, AvµvgK KK©U‡ivM‡K wb‡q, AvB †Wv›U †Kqvi KvbvKwo, Rvwbm Avwg m¨v‡Ûv Kwi! †m-†jLv mvgvwRK gva¨‡g gyn~‡Z© fvBivj| GZUv cÖvYkw³ wb‡q, g„Zz¨‡K GZUv Zz”QZvw”Qj¨ K‡i Avi KvD‡K wjL‡Z †`wLwb Avgiv| bv mv¤úÖwZKKv‡j, bv AZx‡Z| Rxeb‡K GKk `k kZvsk †eu‡P †bevi KvwiKzwi wZwb Rvb‡Zb, Avgv‡`i †kLvevi †Póv K‡iwQ‡jb| GKRb KK©U‡ivMxi gy‡L GZUv Rxeb‡K fv‡jvevmvi K_v ïb‡j Rxe‡bi cÖwZ bZzb K‡i wek¦vm wd‡i Av‡m| GB A¨vwUwPDWB bebxZv †`e‡mb| nu¨v, A¨vwUwPDWB wVK K_v| AvR huviv Zuvi

43


KL‡bv Zuvi m‡ZR fvebvPÂj cÖqv‡Y AvZ¥xqwe‡qv‡Mi †e`bv †c‡jb, gb‡K fvivµvšÍ K‡iwb| KZ KvR Zuv‡`i AwaKvs‡ki m‡½B Iui cwiwPwZ K‡i‡Qb GB GZ `xN© mg‡q| nq‡Zv †Kej Iui AvLi¸wji gva¨‡g| evOvwji Av‡eMcÖeYZvi Avwg, Abycg A_ev cÖev‡m ˆ`‡ei e¨w³MZ †Pbvi MwÐ KZUzKzB ev| e‡ki `xN© Dcb¨v‡mi we¯Í…wZ †_‡K Avwg nq‡Zv Iu‡K e¨w³MZ wPbZvg, †h-`yb©vg Av‡Q Zv wg‡_¨ kxZmvnwmK †ngšÍ‡jvK, wbix¶vq AvR g‡b n‡”Q Zv wb‡q eovB Kivi K‡ib bebxZv| †g‡q‡`i fiv evgv‡evwabx, †gav w`‡q mgq‡K Av‡QB ev Kx| ZviI eû Av‡M †_‡K ‡g›U Ki‡Z Ki‡Z Zuvi GwM‡q Avwg †h Iui cvVK| Avi GB m¤úK©B Av‡eMcÖeYZvi †h-`yb©vg Av‡Q WKz hvIqv| we›`ygvÎ Avjm¨ †Kv_vI wQj †h wPi¯’vqx, A‡gvN| †Kbbv wZwb †Zv Zv‡K †Zv eû Av‡MB dzrKv‡i bv †h, Zv Zuvi mg¯Í †jLvq mg¯Í A¶ihvÎx| AvPi‡Y-Af¨v‡m D‡V G‡m‡Q cieZx© Avwg wK Av‡Rv fzj‡Z cvwi Dwo‡q‡Qb| wk Aj‡mv i‍¨vb, cÖR‡b¥i mvg‡b| GZ eo †ivjg‡Wj BkKzjRxe‡b Avgvi Avi Avgvi †g‡q‡`i †jLv wb‡q †h Avi †Kv_vq| Kv‡Ri GK †¶Î w`w`i KvovKvwo K‡i cov UªvKevn‡b nq‡Zv †RÛvi ev wj½m‡PZbZv| wKš‘ g¨vK‡gvn‡b? fzj‡Z cvwi bv bxieZvi ivRbxwZ †_‡K ïayB bvix-†jLK I ms¯‹…wZKgx©‡`i Avb›`evRv‡ii cvZvq cov †mB hvq, Zvi g~wZ©gZx GK Qv‡Zi Zjvq G‡b mB bv‡gi Avðh© Rv`yKix Kvwnwb, Iu‡`i evwoi †Mvôx MVb KivUv bq| †mUv Zuvi †Kv‡bv Kvwb©‡k †eovj P‡o emvi ci cÖwZev` wZwb| eo KvR †Zv e‡UB| †mLv‡bI cÖvq `gKj †W‡K Zv‡K bvgv‡bvi Kvwnwb| AvšÍR©vwZKfv‡e Wvjcvjv †g‡j‡Qb ga¨iv‡Z cvovi c‡_ mvB‡Kj Pvjv‡Z wZwb| WvK w`‡jB mviv fviZ †_‡K wkL‡Qb bebxZv, †m-Kvwnwb‡Z dz‡j KZ †h bvwg Av‡jvPK-wkíx-†jLK dz‡j †n‡m DwVwb Avgiv A‡b‡KB? Qy‡U G‡m‡Qb, huv‡`i wb‡R‡`i KvR mimZvq fiv AvZ¥‰RewbK M‡`¨i GK Ab¨ Nivbv ˆZwi K‡iwQ‡jb bebxZv| gyn~‡Z© AvZ¥xqZv †RÛvi wb‡q| KZ †gavex mܨv Dcnvi †c‡q‡Q KjKvZv Zuvi m„wó n‡Zv cvV‡Ki m‡½| GZ iwmK, GZ R¨všÍ M`¨ wQj Zuvi| Abycg Av‡qvRb mB‡gjvq| Z‡e Gi evB‡iI A¨vKv‡WwgK bebxZv, †jLK bebxZv, Kwe RbwcÖqZvi kx‡l© wZwb †Zv cÖ_gZ GB M‡`¨i Rb¨B| c‡i Zuv‡K wbqwgZ †c‡q‡Qb cvVK Ôfvjevmvi eviv›`vÕ bv‡gi Kj‡g| bebxZv Av‡iv KZfv‡e Wvjcvjv Qwo‡q wQ‡jb, KZ gvby‡li, msev` cÖwZw`‡bi †iveev‡ii cvZvq| †mB GK myi, ¯^i| e¨w³ Qv‡Îi, co–qvi †gavi AvkÖq n‡qwQ‡jb Zvi Z BqËv †bB| gv‡S gv‡S `ytL Ki‡Zb, ÔAvgv‡K Kwe wn‡m‡e †Zviv Avi mgv‡Ri MwЇK †Zvqv°v bv-Kiv †jLv| A_P KZ ms‡e`x Avi Zwbœô| Ae‡Rw±f †_‡K mve‡Rw±f Abvqvm hvÎv Zuvi| i‡m cvËvB w`m bv|Õ huvi G‡Ëv¸‡jv cwiPq, evNv M`¨Kvi, Zz‡Lvo UBU¤^yi| hLb gRv Ki‡Qb, gRv| †m GK Avðh© DBU| DBU imiPbvKvi, weivU Av‡qvRK-AvnŸvqK, bvixev`x, wk¶K, †Zv Av‡m eyw×i †``xc¨gvbZv †_‡KB| ZvB c‡ii jvB‡bB hLb weØvb, Zuvi Kwe-cwiPqwU nq‡Zv mwZ¨ A‡bKUvB Avov‡j KwVb wel‡q XzK‡eb, †mLv‡bI hyw³i h_vh_Zv cve Avgiv| P‡j wM‡qwQj| wKš‘ bebxZvw`i fvlvq, ÔKweZvB Avgvi cÖ_g ZLb Riæwi K‡Vvi cÖwZev` †b‡g Avm‡Q ÿziavi fvlvq| †fvjv cÖZ¨q|Õ 1959-G cÖKvwkZ Zuvi cÖ_g Kve¨MÖ‡š’i bvgI ZvB hvq bv Amvgvb¨ Abyev‡` jvj­vi KweZv wb‡q GKwU †jLv‡K| cÖ_g cÖZ¨q| KweZvI †h KZ A‡gvN, g‡š¿vcg n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i, `i‡`i m‡½ †gavi †h-†hvM wQj †mLv‡b Zv Awbevh© I †gv¶g| cyi‡bv AvLi Avevi AvR‡Ki Abyf‡e Zxeªfv‡e wibwiwb‡q D‡V Rvbvb †`q wb‡R‡K, ZviB cÖgvY _v‡K GLv‡b| m‡½ cÖvÄj Abyev`| evOvwji Av‡eMcÖeYZvi †h-`yb©vg Av‡Q Zv wg‡_¨ K‡ib Kv‡Q _v‡Kv| fq Ki‡Q| g‡b n‡”Q bebxZv| †g‡q‡`i Av‡eMcÖeYZvi †h-`yb©vg Av‡Q Zv‡K †Zv eû G gyn~Z© eywS mZ¨ bq| Qyu‡q _v‡Kv Av‡MB dzrKv‡i Dwo‡q‡Qb| wk Aj‡mv i‍¨vb, †g‡q‡`i †jLv k¥kv‡b †hgb _v‡K †`n Qyu‡q GKvšÍ wb‡q †h bxieZvi ivRbxwZ †_‡K hvq, Zvi g~wZ©gZx cÖwZev` ¯^Rb| GB nvZ, GB bvI, nvZ| wZwb| ZvB Zuvi †jLv me©`v cÖLi eyw×`xßZvi Av‡jvq fiv| GB nvZ Qyu‡q _v‡Kv, hZ¶Y †mwU‡K †g‡qwj ev cyiælvwj e‡j `vwM‡q †`Iqv hv‡e bv| GK KvQvKvwQ Av‡Qv, A¯ú„ó †i‡Lv bv| gy³gbv †jLv, GUzKzB ejv hvq ïay| GK gvby‡li †jLv, GUzKzB fq K‡i| g‡b nq G gyn~Z© eywS mZ¨ bq| fvev hvq| †mLv‡b b‡i›`ª †`e-ivavivYx †`exi Av‡jvKcÖvß †hgb AmZ¨ wQj, `xN© MZKvj wjevivj gb¯‹Zvi m¤ú~Y© DËivwaKvix wZwb| Zey, †RÛvi wb‡q †hgb AmZ¨ n‡e AbšÍ AvMvgx| ¯úó gZ Zuvi, †Kv_vI †Kv‡bv Qvqv ev A¯úóZv KL‡bv †`Lv (ÔcvwYMÖnYÕ, bebxZv †`e‡mb) †hZ bv| bvixRb¥‡K wb‡q †Kv‡bv nvnvKvi bq| eis m¤ú~Y© m‡PZb ¯^xK…wZi ci †h-jovB Av‡m, †mB jovKz A¯^xKvi| cvkvcvwk Ab¨me ai‡bi Kzhyw³, ag©vÜZv, wcQynUv, Avev‡iv, evOvwji AvR ¸iæ`kv| gv_vi Ici †_‡K Av‡iv GKUv AÜKvi‡K Zuvi †gav-hyw³i KivZ w`‡q dvjvdvjv Ki‡Zb QvZ D‡o †Mj Avgv‡`i| evOvwj wn‡m‡e hv wb‡q Me©, †h †h wZwb| Avi †mLv‡bB wZwb wQ‡jb Avgv‡`i cÖnix| A‡hŠw³K, j¶‡Y evOvwji wb‡R‡K †Pbvi AnsKvi, Zv †h GK we‡kl KvjL‡Ði dmj, wkw¶Z ga¨weË Av‡jvKcÖvß GK ai‡bi A‰eÁvwbK fvebvwPšÍv-AvPi‡Yi weiæ‡× A¨vw›U‡WvU, Ilyamg| GKvwk eQi eqm Lye Kg bq| †MŠix‡`ex ¯§„wZ cyi¯‹vi, gb¯‹Zvi dmj, †m-mgqUv `ªæZ AcwmªqgvY| Avev‡iv Av‡iK gnv‡`ex eg©v cyi¯‹vi, fviZxq fvlv cwil` cyi¯‹vi, mvwnZ¨ cÖnix m‡i hvIqv‡Z eo ¯úó n‡q †Mj Zv| †gavex KivZ m‡i AKv‡`wg, cÙkÖx, we`¨vmvMi cyi¯‹vi, GB mg¯Í ¯^xK…wZi cvjK †Mj| Avgiv Avev‡iv GKUz wbivcËvnxb njvg| r

44


kÖ ×v Ä wj

we`¨veZx I åvgwYK bebxZv †`e‡mb Aveyj nvmbvZ

20

07 mv‡j KjKvZvi aªæec` mvwnZ¨ cwÎKv ÔAb¨iKg evOvwjÕ bv‡g 436 c„ôvi GKwU we‡kl msL¨v cÖKvk K‡iwQj| mvwnZ¨-wkí I mvgvwRK Av‡›`vj‡b †lv‡jvRb Ab¨iKg evOvwji Rxeb I Kg© wb‡q wQj GB msKjb| m¤úv`‡Ki fvlvq, ÔAb¨iKg ej‡Z MocoZv Rxeb bq huv‡`i, †ek e¨wZµgx I D`vniYxq, Z‡e m‡½ m‡½ nq‡Zv AbbymiYxq e‡U, Zuv‡`i RxebK_v Gev‡ii DcRxe¨|Õ msL¨vwU bvbv w`K †_‡K LyeB g‡bvMÖvnx n‡q‡Q| m¤úv`bv K‡iwQ‡jb myaxi PµeZx©| cwiKíbvcÖmZ ~ GB msL¨vwU bvbv w`K †_‡K Zvrch©gq n‡q D‡VwQj| aªæec‡`i GB msL¨vq bebxZv †`e‡mb‡K wb‡q GKwU `xN© cÖeÜ cί’ n‡qwQj| cÖeÜwUi bvg Ô†M‡Qv †g‡q we`¨veZxÕ| ˆkke †_‡KB Zuvi e„ÿ‡cÖg agwb‡Z D¾¡j; G mÂvwiZ n‡qwQj †`n I g‡b| `xN©w`b wZwb Zv jvjb K‡iwQ‡jb| Pwjø‡ki `k‡K

ˆK‡kviKv‡j wZwb e„‡ÿi mvnv‡h¨ G-evwo I-evwo †h‡Zb| †m-mg‡q GKevi wZwb †LRyiMv‡Q Av‡ivnY K‡i i³v³ n‡qwQ‡jb| Zuv‡`i evwoi `xN©w`‡bi M„nmnvqK ¸wbqvfvB Zuv‡K †mRb¨ wZi¯‹vi K‡iwQ‡jb| Gme LyeB Zz”Q welq| Zey Avgv‡K welqwU LyeB wew¯§Z K‡iwQj| wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K©i †Kvb M„‡ni †Kvb MvQ Kx iKg, †Kvb dj †Kvb FZz‡Z djevb n‡q I‡V, cy‡®úi †mŠif †Kvb evwoi evMvb †_‡K Gw`K-Iw`K hvq-Av‡m Ges e„ÿmg~‡n cvwLi emevm Ges Zv‡`i K‚Rb I hvZvqvZ Ñ G Zuvi bL`c©‡Y wQj| Aeva hvZvqv‡Zi m~‡Î wZwb wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K©i †ek K‡qKwU evwoi A›`ign‡ji Kb¨v n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb| e„‡ÿ Av‡ivnY Kiv, e„‡ÿi cvwL ch©‡eÿY Zuvi wbqwgZ Rxe‡bi m‡½ A½vw½fv‡e Rwo‡q wM‡qwQj| †mB mgq †_‡KB wZwb D”Qj, cÖvYkw³‡Z ficyi, mRxe I cÖvYešÍ| wn›`y¯v’ b cvK© mo‡Ki cÖwZwU evwo‡ZB †mKv‡j e„ÿ wQj| eZ©gv‡b cÖ‡gvUv‡ii _vevq wn›`y¯v’ b

45


cvK© †m-AvwfRvZ¨ I Kzjxb PwiÎ nvwi‡q‡Q| eûZj fe‡bi †`Šiv‡Z¥¨ †mB evMvb‡Niv AvevwmK I cwi”Qbœ Pwi‡Îi evwo¸‡jv Avi †bB| AwfRvZ GB GjvKvq GLb A‡bK †`vKvbcvU I kwcsgj n‡q‡Q| mybxwZ P‡Ævcva¨v‡qi wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K©i myag© v evwowU‡Z GLb †de BwÛqvi †`vKvb| GB evwowU HwZn¨gwÐZ| †`wk-we‡`wk eû L¨vZbvgv cwÐZ gvbyl, we`¨v_x© I we`¨vPP©vi m‡½ mswkøó Aa¨vcK‡`i c`Pvi‡Y GK`v gyLi wQj G-evwo| bebxZvi fvj-evmv evwoi wZbw`‡K eviv›`v| GL‡bv †mB evwo I eviv›`v †Zgwb Av‡Q| GB eviv›`v †_‡K G-evwo I-evwoi D‡Vvb I iv¯Ívi gvby‡li PjvPj †`Lv †hZ| bebxZv ˆkke †_‡K eva©K¨ ch©šÍ KZ bv `„k¨ †`‡L‡Qb GB eviv›`v †_‡K| †Pbv gvby‡li c`PviYmn eû `„k¨ Zuvi †Pv‡L aiv coZ| G wb‡q †KŠZz‡K D¾¡j eY©bv Av‡Q bebxZvi †bvU eB I fvj-evmvi eviv›`v MÖ‡š’| Zuv‡`i evwoi Kv‡QB wQj wkíx mybxj gvae †mb I Kwe hZx›`ª‡gvnb evMPxi Bjvevm bv‡gi evwo| GB Kwei GKwU KweZv GL‡bv eû gvby‡li ü`‡q Agøvb n‡q Av‡Q| GL‡bv eû wK‡kvi-wK‡kvixi †PvL mRj n‡q I‡V Zuvi †mB KweZv cvV Ki‡j| Avi mvg‡bi evwowU cwðge‡½i cÖqvZ gyL¨gš¿x †R¨vwZ emyi| GLb Aek¨ GB evwo 52/we wn›`y¯v’ b cvK© †i÷ nvDm| GB evwo Ges †R¨vwZ emyi µgDËiY; cvwU©‡Z mgxn-RvMvwbqv `vwqZ¡kxj †bZv n‡q IVv; wmwcAvB(Gg) cvwU©i Af¨šÍ‡i †R¨vwZ emyi GK”QÎ AvwacZ¨ AR©b I gyL¨gš¿xi c` MÖnY bebxZvi †Pv‡Li mvg‡bB N‡U‡Q| †R¨vwZ emyi ¯¿x, cyÎ I cyÎea~i m‡½ kÖ×vwgwkÖZ cvwievwiK m¤úK© M‡o I‡V bebxZvi| †R¨vwZ emyi evwoi m¤§y‡L cÖwZev`x wgwQjI †`‡L‡Qb eviv›`vq `uvwo‡q| GgbwK euvwk evwR‡q cywjwk cÖh‡Zœ gyL¨gš¿x †R¨vwZ emyi Avwcm †_‡K evwo‡Z AvMgb I Avwc‡m hvIqvI cÖZ¨ÿ K‡i‡Qb| hw`I gyL¨gš¿x c‡` AwawôZ nIqvi

wKQyw`b ev‡` wZwb më‡j‡K miKvwi Avevm‡b P‡j hvb| †R¨vwZ emy, Zuvi cwievi-cwiRb I evwoi A›`ignj wb‡q bebxZv-iwPZ ¯^RbmKv‡k MÖ‡š’ mim eY©bv Av‡Q| bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi e¨w³¯^iƒc, m„Rb-DrKl©, RxebmsMÖvg, e„ÿ‡cÖg, ågY, Aciv‡Rq bvixZ¡ wb‡q aªæec‡` †jLvwU wj‡LwQ‡jb AÄwj `vk| GB †jLvwU cÖKv‡ki †Z‡iv eQi ciI G Avgvi ü`‡q A‡gvPbxq n‡q Av‡Q| cÖvYcÖvPz‡h© ficyi m`vnvm¨gqx bebxZvi c_Pjv Ges M‡elYv I Aa¨vcbvRxeb †h Lye mnR I gm„Y wQj bv, G-†jLvwU cvV K‡i Avgiv Zv eyS‡Z cvwi| msMÖvgx GK bvixi Aeqe Sjgj K‡i I‡V| G cÖm‡½ aªæec‡` cÖKvwkZ IB †jLvwUi weeiY Avgvi Kv‡Q LyeB AvMÖnmÂvix n‡q D‡VwQj| gvbyl Ges mvnmx GK evOvwj bvix Abgbxq `„pZvq wfbœ ai‡bi msMÖv‡g Rxeb‡K K‡i Zz‡jwQ‡jb †hfv‡e A_©gq Zv wbqZ Avgv‡K wew¯§Z K‡i| Zuvi PvwiwÎK `„pZv I Møvwbgy³ Rxebhvc‡bi ˆewkó¨ mKj wKQyi E‡aŸ©© wQj| †eu‡P _vKvi AvwZ© Ges GK gvbweK †PZbv aviY Zuvi RxebmsMÖvg‡KI D¾¡j K‡i †Zv‡j| †bv‡ejRqx L¨vZbvgv A_©bxwZwe` AgZ©¨ †m‡bi m‡½ gvÎ K‡qK eQ‡ii `v¤úZ¨Rxe‡bi ci Zuvi hLb weevnwe‡”Q` n‡jv jÛ‡b, ZLb ¯^vfvweKfv‡e †e`bv I Kó †c‡qwQ‡jb wZwb| †m-K‡ói Ges ü`qhš¿Yvi K_v Ggb wbivm³ fw½‡Z wZwb e‡j‡Qb, hv‡Z ïay Zuvi c‡ÿB GB wew”QbœZv MÖnY Kiv m¤¢e n‡qwQj| †Kbbv me©`v bebxZv wek¦vm Ki‡Zb ev¯ÍeZvq| †Kv‡bv wZ³Zv wQj bv gšÍ‡e¨| G wb‡q †Kv‡bv Kvwjgv‡jcbI K‡ibwb| †Kv‡bv †ÿvf ev Awf‡hvM wQj bv| wZwb GK mvÿvrKv‡i e‡jb : ÔAgZ©¨ †mb Av‡iKR‡bi †cÖ‡g c‡owQ‡jb| bZzb K‡i Rxeb Mo‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| Ggb †Zv N‡UB _v‡K Rxe‡b| G †Zv bZzb wKQy bq, KZB NU‡Q PZzw`©‡K| Iui RvqMvq AvwgI _vK‡Z cviZzg|Õ

Kb¨v b›`bv †m‡bi eB‡qi †gvoK D‡b¥vPb Abyôv‡b AgZ©¨ †mb I bebxZv †`e‡mb

46


GiKg wbivm³ I wb‡g©vn gšÍe¨ I J`v‡h©i cÖKvk Zuvi c‡ÿB m¤¢e wQj| †Kbbv Rxe‡bi mKj msKU, mKj Avb›`-†e`bv‡K wZwb †h cÖmvwiZ †PZbvq Abyaveb K‡iwQ‡jb Zvi †Kv‡bv Zzjbv †bB| AgZ©¨ †mb hLb †bv‡ej cyi¯‹vi †c‡jb, AmvaviY GKwU †jLv wj‡LwQ‡jb wZwb AgZ©¨ †m‡bi A_©bxwZwelqK M‡elYv I mvdj¨ wb‡q| AgZ©¨ †m‡bi DËiY I wmw×i K_v wQj| †jLvwU cί’ n‡qwQj c‡ii mßv‡n †`k cwÎKvq| m¤úv`K gkvB‡qi Aby‡iv‡a wZwb G-†jLvwU wj‡LwQ‡jb| wZwb Awfbw›`Z K‡ib Zuv‡K| wj‡LwQ‡jb ü`q w`‡q; hw`I Av‡eM wQj Ges Zv‡Z AZxZ eÜz‡Z¡i m‡½ eZ©gv‡bi Abyl‡½ G-†jLvwU kÖ×vwgwkÖZ eÜz‡Z¡i D`vniY n‡q D‡VwQj| AgZ©¨ †m‡bi m‡½ KZ bv ¯§„wZ wQj Zuvi| hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vj‡qi A_©bxwZ wefv‡M cÖwZfvevb GKzk eQ‡ii hyeK AgZ©¨ †mb‡K †`‡LwQ‡jb wZwb; †mB cÖ_g †`Lv Ges wKQyw`b c‡i AgZ©¨ †mb hv`ecyi †Q‡o e„nËi A_©bxwZi RM‡Z P‡j hv‡eb e‡j †h-msea©bv Abyôvb n‡qwQj hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vj‡q ZviI eY©bv †`b bebxZv| Zuvi g‡bvMn‡b †h-†e`bvi Qvqv †d‡jwQj Zv cvV‡Ki ü`qI Qy‡u q wM‡qwQj| wfbœ GK Av‡e‡M ¯§„wZi c‡_ nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z †m¸‡jv MÖw_Z K‡iwQ‡jb G-†jLvq| †kl K‡iwQ‡jb Gfv‡e Ñ Ôw`wjø, †Zmiv b‡f¤^i, 1998, †fvi cuvPUv| mvivivwÎ †R‡M †jLvwU wj‡L †djjyg, hv g‡b G‡jv, ZvB| AvR †bv‡ej jwi‡qU AgZ©¨i Rb¥w`b| `yRq© mvdj¨ e¨w³gvbylUv‡K µgk wM‡j †dj‡Z _v‡K| G-B RM‡Zi wbqg| evwn‡i wfo K‡i G‡m wfZiUv‡K GKv K‡i †`q| ZvB cÖv_©bv KiwQ, Ggv †hUv‡K e‡jb ÔAmartya’s great big laughÕ Ñ †mwU kZ mvd‡j¨I wPiAgøvb _vKzK| Avi AgZ©¨‡K Rb¥w`‡b ewj Ñ ÔTreat this article as flowers|Õ mvivRxeb bvbv †jLvq AgZ©¨ †m‡bi m‡½ Zuvi eÜzZvi, †mŠnv‡`©¨i K_v evisevi D”PviY K‡i‡Qb wZwb| ¯§„wZPviYvq Gme gšÍ‡e¨ Avgiv bebxZvi gnr ü`qeËv Ges ev¯Íe‡K MÖnY Kivi D”P gb cÖZ¨ÿ K‡iwQ| G ¸Yvewj mnmv Ly‡u RI cvIqv hvq bv| Kj¨vY wg‡Îi m¤úv`bvq cÖKvwkZ Avjvc MÖ‡š’ GKwU `y-jvB‡bi gšÍe¨ K‡iwQ‡jb wZwb Zuv‡`i weevnwe‡”Q` wb‡q, hv Avgiv D×…Z K‡iwQ| GQvov †m-mg‡qi K_v Av‡Q aªæec‡` AÄwj `vk-iwPZ cÖe‡Ü| †mB mg‡q jÛ‡b, `ywU †QvU wkï‡K wb‡q bZzb GK RxebmsMÖvg ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb| G-weeiY cvV Ki‡j ü`q `xY© nq| m‡½ cvB Zuvi PvwiwÎK ˆewkó¨‡K| Ô†M‡Qv †g‡q we`¨veZxÕ †_‡K D×…wZ w`w”Q †mB mg‡qi Kó‡K Dcjwäi Rb¨| GB weeiY cvV Ki‡j Avgiv Zuvi e¨w³¯^iƒc‡K wP‡b wb‡Z cvwi| AÄwj `vk e‡j‡Qb, Ôwe‡`‡k msmvi mšÍvb fv‡jvevmv wb‡q c~Y© Zuvi my‡Li e„ËwU GKw`b `gKv nvIqvq †f‡O †Mj| _g‡K †M‡jb, wKš‘ †f‡O co‡jb bv| `v¤úZ¨ m¤úK© wQbœ nIqvi †ÿ‡Î mPivPi †`Lv hvq A‡bK wZ³Zv, A‡bK KvUvKzwU, i³cvZ-Kv`v †QvovQywoi ga¨ w`‡q m¤úK©Uv fv‡O| bebxZvi †ÿ‡Î †hUv g‡b nq, Zv n‡jv mgvcb| GKwU m¤ú‡K©i mgvwß| †h-Rxeb †_‡K `v¤úZ¨ m¤úK©Uv Pzwi n‡q †M‡Q| h‡Zœ-fv‡jvevmvq M‡o †Zvjv GKwU g„rfv¯‹h© Abeav‡b nvZ †_‡K c‡o, wKš‘ †mB fvOv UzK‡iv AuvK‡o wZwb jywU‡q c‡obwb, GK cv‡k mwi‡q w`‡q‡Qb ïay| †Kv_vI †Zv ÿZwPý _v‡KB, _v‡K AkÖæi `vMI| Zv‡K mg‡qi nv‡Z †Q‡o w`‡q‡Qb| eis Ôk¦ïievwoÕ, Gme kÖxQuv‡`i m‡½ eiYWvjvq mvRv‡bv, wmu`iy gvLv‡bv, j²xi Suvwc‡Z †Zvjv kã¸wj, agwbi †mªv‡Zi m‡½ hv GK n‡q wM‡qwQj KLb Avevi wW‡fvm© k‡ãi cÖej cÖZv‡c Zviv LiP n‡q †Mj|Õ bebxZv GK mvÿvrKv‡i †mB mg‡qi K_v Gfv‡e e‡jb, ÔIB iKg fqsKi LybLvivwe i‡Oi bv½v Z‡jvqv‡ii g‡Zv kã ÔwW‡fvm©Õ †h †Kv‡bvw`b GB AvgviB nvZev·‡Z G‡m XzK‡e, G

†KD †f‡ewQj?Õ `yB wkïKb¨vmn ZLb Bsj¨v‡Û wZwb GKv GB cuvwPj wWOv‡bvi †Póv K‡i †M‡Qb A‡bKw`b| PvKwii Rb¨ µgvMZ †Póv Pvwj‡q †M‡Qb K‡j‡R-¯‹‡z j, GgbwK UvBwc‡÷i PvKwii Rb¨I wb‡Ri Ges Kb¨v‡`i `vq wb‡R enb Kivi ZvwM‡`| Bsj¨v‡Û Zuvi WªvBwfs jvB‡mÝ wQj| cwiwPZ iæ‡U Ñ wn_‡iv Gqvi‡cv‡U©i iv¯ÍvUv fv‡jv wPb‡Zb e‡j ïay IB iæ‡U Mini Cab Pvwj‡q DcvR©b K‡i‡Qb| w`‡b †g‡q‡`i †`Lv‡kvbv, Zv‡`i ¯‹‡z j cvVv‡bv wQj, ZvB iv‡Z †h‡Zb WªvBwfs‡q| Poetry Circle-G GK †f‡Uwibvwi Wv³vi `¤úwZi m‡½ cwiPq I eÜzZ¡ n‡qwQj| Zuviv iv‡Z G‡m †g‡q‡`i Kv‡Q _vK‡Zb, bebxZv †hw`b WªvBwfs‡q †h‡Zb| AvZ¥xqcwiRb †_‡K `~‡i, we‡`‡k, †Sv‡ov nvIqvi gy‡LvgywL `uvwo‡q Zuvi GB jovB Kivi kw³ †`‡L we¯§q †Zv jv‡MB Ñ †evSv hvq Zuvi g‡bi †Rvi, hv mwZ¨B GKRb evOvwj †g‡qi c‡ÿ Kíbv Kiv Avgv‡`i Rb¨I †ek M‡e©i| fMœü`‡q †`‡k wdi‡jb, wKš‘ Rxeb m¤ú‡K© nZvk nbwb; eis KjKvZvq wd‡i GK cÖZ¨q wb‡q bZzb Rxeb ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb| `„pZv I cÖZ¨q Zuvi Rxeb‡K cwiYZ K‡iwQj| Awgq †`e ZLb hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wefvMxq cÖavb, bebxZv‡K †W‡K wb‡jb hv`ecy‡ii Zzjbvg~jK mvwnZ¨ wefv‡M; wkÿK wn‡m‡e| eÜz I mncvVx Awgq †`e wVKB Dcjwä K‡iwQ‡jb Zuvi we`¨vbyivM Ges Zzjbvg~jK mvwn‡Z¨ Zuvi cÖMvp cÖxwZi cÖm½| †mB †_‡K Aa¨qb I Aa¨vcbv Zuvi gbba‡g©i m‡½ GKvZ¥ n‡q c‡owQj| wefv‡M †hvM`v‡bi ci AemiMÖn‡Yi mgq Aewa eû we`¨v_x©‡K Zzjbvg~jK mvwnZ¨ m¤ú‡K© `xwÿZ K‡i‡Qb| cwo‡q‡Qb evsjv mvwnZ¨ I we‡`‡ki K¬vwmK Ges mgKvjxb mvwnZ¨| cieZx©Kv‡j ¯§„wZPviYv K‡i‡Qb A‡b‡K| QvÎ I wkÿv_x©‡`i wZwb Kxfv‡e eÜzÁv‡b Avcb K‡i wb‡Zb Ges Zuvi mie Dcw¯’wZ‡Z wefvMwU Kxfv‡e cÖvYešÍ n‡q DVZ †m-eY©bv w`‡q‡Qb Zuvi GK QvÎx| BwjqW c‡owQ‡jb wZwb Zuvi Kv‡Q| BwjqW cov‡Z wM‡q wZwb wMÖK mvwn‡Z¨i gvbweKZv, HwZn¨cÖxwZ, gnvKv‡e¨i ¸Yvewj, mgvR I iv‡óªi BwZnvm †h AZ¨vek¨K †m-m¤ú‡K© we¯ÍvwiZ e‡j‡Qb| GK we`¨v_x© e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvgv‡`i wkÿK bebxZvI Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q ZLb LyeB ¸iæZ¡en n‡q I‡Vb|Õ bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi cÖm‡½ K_v DV‡jB Avgv‡`i g‡b c‡o, Awek¦vm¨ g‡bi †Rvi Avi m`vnvm¨gq GKwU gyL Ges cÖLi e¨w³‡Z¡i AwaKvix bvixi Aeqe, whwb civwRZ nbwb fv‡M¨i wbg©gZvq| GQvov Zuvi eûavivi m„RbI AwaK cÖevwnYx n‡q `y¨wZgq n‡q GK Aven ˆZwi K‡i| Zuvi agwb‡Z wQj cVb-cvV‡bi e¨vwß Ges ˆK‡kviKv‡j cÖejfv‡e wek¦mvwn‡Z¨ åg‡Yi AvMÖn Ñ GB †evaB Zuv‡K ÁvbPP©vq Av‡iv Aaxi K‡i †Zv‡j| ev‡iv eQi eq‡m evev b‡i›`ª †`‡ei m‡½ Rvnv‡R we‡jZ ågY K‡ib| cieZx©Kv‡j †jwW †eª‡ev‡b© GKwU ch©v‡q cvV MÖnY I myKgz vix fÆvPv‡h©i Kv‡Q wkÿvMÖnY Zuvi †ev‡a bexbaviv mÂvi K‡iwQj| GLv‡bB ms¯‹‡… Zi Aa¨vcK wn‡m‡e cvb myKgz vix fÆvPvh©‡K; †h-myKgz vix we`¨vRM‡Z Lye Aí mg‡qB cÖwZôv AR©b K‡ib Ges †gavex, cVb-cvVb I wRÁvmvi e¨vwß wb‡q ZLbB L¨vwZbvg n‡q I‡Vb| GB myKgz vix fÆvPv‡h©i m„Rb-DrKl©, e¨w³Z¡ wb‡q wZwb Zuvi iwPZ GKwU cÖe‡Ü Amvgvb¨ wPÎ A¼b K‡i‡Qb| GB cÖe‡Ü wZwb †L`I cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb myKgz vix fÆvPvh© wLªóvb nIqvq KjKvZv wek¦we`¨vjq-cÖewZ©Z Ckvb ¯‹jviwkc cvbwb e‡j| wZwb myKgz vix fÆvPvh© m¤ú‡K© GK cÖe‡Ü e‡jb, ÔKjKvZv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi weGi QvÎQvÎx‡`i g‡a¨ m‡e©v”P b¤^i cvIqv m‡Ë¡I Avcbvi cÖvc¨ Ckvb ¯‹jviwkc †_‡K Avcwb ewÂZ n‡qwQ‡jb|

47


†m-Kj‡¼i Kvwnbx Avgv‡`i mg‡q Kv‡ivi ARvbv wQj bv| CkvbP›`ª emyi ˆZwi Kiv ¯‹jviwk‡ci †hvM¨Zvi wbwi‡L evav wQj ÔeY©wn›`yÕ nIqv PvB| weagx© e‡j wn›`y ms¯‹Z … K‡j‡R PvKwiI †`Iqv nqwb Avcbv‡K|Õ wKQyw`b c‡i †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡R D”PZi wkÿvMÖn‡Yi Rb¨ hLb fwZ© nb, ZLb Zuvi gvbm‰PZ‡b¨ †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡Ri wewfbœ wefv‡Mi WvKmvB‡U me Aa¨vcK †h-wRÁvmvi Zi½ Zz‡jwQ‡jb we`¨vPP©vq, Zv †Kv‡bvw`b gøvb nqwb| †cÖwm‡WwÝ †c‡qwQj ZviK †mb, Agj fÆvPvh©, my‡eva P›`ª †mb¸ß, Rbv`©b PµeZx©, kkxf‚lY `vk¸ß, my‡kvfb miKvi I gvmy` mv‡ne‡K| hw`I Zuviv A‡b‡KB bebxZvi wefv‡Mi wkÿK wQ‡jb bv Zey Zuv‡`i we`¨veËv Zuv‡K ¯úk© K‡iwQj| bebxZvi fvlvq, Av‡iv KZ gnr gvbyl wQj mg‡q Ñ Ô†mB cÂv‡ki `k‡Ki †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡jR, †hw`‡K ZvKvB †R¨vwZ®‹gÐjxi Øviv cwie„Z ZLb Avgiv| GZ wb‡e©va wQjyg, wKQyB h_vh_ gh©v`v w`‡q MÖnY Ki‡Z cvwiwb| KZ fvM¨ K‡i G‡mwQ, Kv‡`i mvg‡b e‡m AvwQ, Kviv mvg‡b w`‡q †nu‡U hv‡”Qb, Zv eyS‡Z eyS‡Z w`b cvi n‡q †Mj| †mB AvMÖn †hb Av‡iv cwiYZ n‡jv cieZx©Kv‡j|Õ wZwb GB †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡jR †_‡KB mœvZK wWwMÖ AR©b K‡ib| hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K GgG cvk K‡ib Ges cÖ_g †kÖwY‡Z cÖ_g nb| nvf©v‡W© wWw÷sKkb wb‡q GgG Ges BwÛqvbv wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K wcGBP.wW wWwMÖ AR©b K‡ib| GB n‡”Q Zuvi we`¨v‡ÿ‡Î cÖv_wgK cwiPq| cieZx©Kv‡j c„w_exi wewfbœ wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K m¤§vbm~PK wWwMÖ I kÖ×v †c‡q‡Qb| GKB m‡½ cwo‡q‡Qb c„w_exi wewfbœ ¯’v‡b| Avgvi Kv‡Q Zuvi m„R‡bi avivevwnKZv Ges Zzjbvg~jK mvwn‡Z¨ Ae¨vnZ avivq ÁvbvR©b Ges Zuvi iwPZ cÖeܸ”Q †`‡L †KejB g‡b nq, GB gvbylwU Zzjbvg~jK mvwnZ¨ cvV I cwiMÖn‡Y †h-†eva mÂvi K‡iwQ‡jb Zv n‡q D‡VwQj evsjv fvlvq bew`M‡šÍi D‡b¥vPb| Rxe‡bi GKch©v‡q ivgvqY wb‡qI Zuvi e¨wZµgx fvebv Ges hyM-hyMevwnZ ivgvqY ci¤úiv wb‡q M‡elYv Av‡iK Z…wßKi AwfÁZv n‡q I‡V| wfbœ `„wó‡Z iv‡gi ch©‡eÿY I mxZvi cÖwZ Zuvi mngwg©Zv, mgv‡R mxZvi Ae¯’vb †h cÖmvwiZ †PZbv wb‡q we‡kølY K‡i‡Qb ivgvqY M‡elYvq Ñ Zv gvBjdjK n‡q Av‡Q| P›`ªveZx-iwPZ ivgvqY‡K wZwb we‡kølY K‡ib Av‡iK †PZbvq| P›`ªveZxi ivgvqY wb‡q wZwb Mnb I Mfxifv‡e †f‡e‡Qb| G-ivgvqY Zuvi M‡elYvi welq n‡q D‡VwQj| ivg bq, mxZvB Zuvi ü`q I gb‡K MfxiZv wb‡q ¯úk© K‡iwQj| fviZe‡l©i cyiælgvb‡m ivg AvR †hfv‡e AwawôZ, †m‡ÿ‡Î mxZv‡`i cÖm½ †hfv‡e Gwo‡q hvIqv nq Zv wZwb Dcjwä K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb P›`ª-gwjøKv Ges cÖvmw½K cÖeÜ MÖ‡š’ Avw`Kvj †_‡K fviZe‡l© †g‡q‡`i ü`‡qi Mfx‡i †h mxZvi Ae¯’vb Zv we‡kølY K‡i‡Qb| fviZe‡l©i GK GK iv‡R¨ mxZvI wfbœ wfbœ iƒc wb‡q D‡b¥vPb nq| ivg bq, †cŠiæ‡li Avùvjb I Avwac‡Z¨i g‡a¨I mxZvi g‡bv‡e`bv Ges AwMœcixÿv wfbœ Av`j, AwaKvi wb‡q cwiùzU nq Zuvi Gme cÖe‡Ü| bvbv AwfÁZvi ga¨ w`‡q, AvjvcPvwiZvq bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi m‡½ mL¨ n‡qwQj AvšÍRv© wZK A½‡bi L¨vZbvgv A‡bK †jL‡Ki| RvK †`wi`v, bvw`b MwW©gvi, bxi` wm †PŠayix I cvwK¯Ívwb †jwLKv Rvwn`v wnbvi m‡½ ˆbK‡U¨i cÖm½ wZwb wj‡L‡Qb ¯^RbmKv‡k MÖ‡š’| G-MÖ‡š’ Avgiv cvB Zzjbvg~jK mvwn‡Z¨i GKRb †gavex QvÎx‡K, whwb cÖÁveZx, huvi cVb-cvV‡b Cl©Yxq e¨vwß, D¾¡j GKRb Aa¨vcK, M‡elK I cÖvewÜK, wek¦bvMwiK, åvgwYK, AvšÍRv© wZK L¨vwZm¤úbœ †jLK Ges we‡k¦i wewfbœ A‡ji

48

Kwe-†jLK‡`i m‡½ Zuvi mL¨ I Avjv‡ciI wfbœ GK Qwe| ig¨ mvwn‡Z¨iI Ab¨Zg mªóv wZwb Ges bvix AwaKv‡ii cÖe³v Ñ GRb¨ wgwQ‡j D”PwKZ nbwb| †jLbx I Zuvi ÔmBÕ msMVbwU bvix‡K Rxe‡b cÖwZôvi Rb¨ cÖvYvšÍ cwikÖg K‡i‡Q| GB cÖqv‡m Zuvi GKwbô gvbweK †PZbvm¤úbœ AeqewUI D¾¡j n‡q I‡V; hw`I wZwb †Kv‡bvw`bB wb‡R‡K bvixev`x wn‡m‡e wPwýZ K‡ibwb| wewfbœ mg‡q fviZel© I cwðge‡½ bvixi Aegvbbv I jvÃbv hLb n‡q‡Q, cÖwZev‡` gyLi n‡q‡Qb wZwb| †jLbx aviY K‡i‡Qb| mymf¨ GK bvMwiK mgv‡Ri Rb¨ AvKzjZv cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| mgv‡R I mvwn‡Z¨ bvix-†jLK‡`i m¤§vb I gh©v`vi Avmb cÖwZôvi Rb¨ M‡o Zz‡jwQ‡jb ÔmBÕ| GB ÔmBÕ wN‡i cwðge‡½i bvix‡jLKiv mw¤§wjZ n‡qwQ‡jb GK g‡Â| Zuv‡`i m„Rb I cÖwZK‚jZv wb‡q K_v e‡j‡Qb| Zuv‡K wN‡i cÖexY I bexb †jwLKv‡`i GKwU e„Ë M‡o D‡VwQj| Av‡jvPbv P‡µ, KL‡bv †jLK mw¤§j‡b| evsjvq ÔmBÕ gv‡b Zuvi fvlvq wZbwU e¨Äbv Ñ ÔmLx, ¯^vÿi I mn¨ KwiÕ| GB msMVbwU cÖwZôvi ci ïay bvix‡jLK‡`i eB wb‡q cÖwZeQi c„_K eB‡gjvi Av‡qvRb, †jLv cvV, Rb¥w`b cvjb, †mwgbvi KZ wKQy bv ZuviB †bZ…‡Z¡ cwiPvwjZ n‡qwQj; Zuvi evwowU n‡q D‡VwQj ÔmBÕ m`m¨‡`i wgjb‡ÿÎ| G-eQi GKzk eQ‡i coj ÔmBÕ| G-msMV‡bi me©‡kl mw¤§jb n‡qwQj bebxZvi WªBsiæ‡g| Zuvi g„Z¨z i ci GKwU KvM‡R G wb‡q ü`qMÖvnx eY©bv w`‡q‡Qb GK ÔmBÕ-m`m¨| mgv‡R bvix‡Z¡i jvÃbv I Aegvbbv me©`v Zuv‡K cÖwZev`x K‡iwQj| Zuvi-iwPZ fvj-evmvi eviv›`v I bebxZvi †bvU eB wb‡q eû wbe‡Ü Zvi ¯^vÿi Av‡Q| fve‡Z fv‡jv jv‡M, cwðge‡½i nvB‡KvU© al©‡Yi msÁv wb‡q †h-ivq w`‡qwQ‡jb wZwb ÿzäK‡É Zvi cÖwZev` I gy³K‡É mgv‡jvPbv K‡iwQ‡jb| nvB‡KvU© ivq w`‡jI gy³K‡É bvixi Aegvbbv wb‡q K_v ej‡Z wØav K‡ibwb| fq cvbwb wZwb| Z‡e †Kv‡bv bvix msMVb‡K mie n‡Z †`‡Lbwb| D”PK‡É cÖwZev` K‡i‡Qb wZwbB| GB wbe‡Ü wZwb †h-fvlv e¨envi K‡iwQ‡jb Zv‡Z GK mvnmx bebxZvi mvÿvr cvB Avgiv| AÄwj `vk c~‡e© DwjøwLZ ÔAb¨iKg evOvwjÕ msL¨vq bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi PvwiwÎK ˆewkó¨mn GB welq¸‡jv †hgb Qy‡u q‡Qb, †Zgwb Zuvi e¨w³Z¡ I Aw¯ÍZ¡ iÿvi msMÖvg‡KI LyeB we¯ÍZ … cwimi wb‡q Av‡jvPbv K‡i‡Qb| bebxZv‡K wb‡q GZ we¯ÍZ … Av‡jvPbv †m-mgq †Pv‡L c‡owb| Zuvi †e‡o IVv Ges m„Rbkxj I ms¯‹w… Zgb¯‹ D`vi gv ivavivbx †`ex I evev b‡i›`ª †`e cÖm‡½ Avgv‡`i g‡b †h-QwewU dz‡U I‡V Zv n‡jv, D`vi mvwnZ¨vbyivMx GK wcZv-gvZvi cÖwZK…wZ| ¯^RbmKv‡k MÖ‡š’i `ywU cÖeÜ ÔKv‡Qi gvbylÕ Ges ÔAvgvi Dwb‡k GwcÖjÕ b‡i›`ª †`e‡K wb‡q †jLv| wZwb G-`ywU iPbvq I bebxZvi †bvU eB‡q evev I gv‡qi e¨w³Z¡, m„Rb I ˆ`bw›`b Rxebhvc‡bi AšÍi½ †h wPÎ A¼b K‡i‡Qb Zv gnr ü`‡qi wcZv I gvZv‡KI wPwb‡q †`q| GB evwowU‡Z Zuv‡`i RxeÏkvq AvÇv w`‡q‡Qb Ges mvwn‡Z¨i bvbv wel‡q AvjvcPvwiZvq gyLi n‡q‡Qb wcZv I gvZvi mgKvjxb †jLKe„›`| evev I gv `yR‡bB wQ‡jb †jLK| †mB m~‡Î bexb I cÖexY †jLKiv wbqwgZ Avm‡Zb G-evwo‡Z| e¨w³MZfv‡e Avwg †gvwnZ I mg„× n‡qwQjvg Z_¨mg„× G-†jLvwU cvV K‡i| evev I gv‡K wb‡q fvj-evmvi eviv›`v I bebxZvi †bvU eB MÖ‡š’I wZwb kÖ×v wb‡e`‡bi m‡½ Zuv‡`i m„Rb I Zuv‡`i `v¤úZ¨ eÜz mgvMg Ges mw¤§j‡bi †h-Qwe A¼b K‡i‡Qb, Zv ïay ü`qMÖvnx bq, †mKv‡ji eyagÐjxi wfbœ †Pnviv cvB Avgiv| bebxZv †`e‡mb-iwPZ fvj-evmvi eviv›`v I bebxZvi †bvU eB PvwiwÎK w`K †_‡K m‡MvÎ| fvj-evmvi eviv›`v wZwb wj‡LwQ‡jb cÖwZw`‡bi FZzcY© †Nv‡li Aby‡iv‡a| FZzcY© ïay


Pjw”PÎ wbg©v‡Y bew`M‡šÍi D‡b¥vPb K‡ibwb, wZwb wQ‡jb eû¸‡Yi AwaKvix| mvwnZ¨ AšÍcvÖ Y| wZwb GB cwÎKvi mvwnZ¨ wefvMwU‡KI mg„× K‡iwQ‡jb| FZzcY© GB cwÎKvi mvwnZ¨ wefv‡M `vwqZ¡ MÖn‡Yi ci mvgwqKxwU welq‰ewP‡Î¨ mg„× n‡q e„nËi cvVKgn‡j AbyKj ‚ mvov †d‡jwQj| mvwn‡Z¨i wefvMxq m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e wZwb GB mvgwqKxwU‡K AvKl©Yxq K‡i Zz‡jwQ‡jb Ges AwPiKv‡ji g‡a¨ †mwU RbwcÖq n‡q D‡VwQj| cvV‡Kiv bvbv ¯’vb †_‡K AbyKj ‚ mvov w`‡q‡Qb| bebxZv †`e‡mb e¯‘Z GB Kjv‡gi ga¨ w`‡q ARmª cvV‡Ki ü`q I gb Rq K‡ib| c‡i GB Kjvg wb‡q fvj-evmvi eviv›`v K‡qK L‡Ð MÖš’ n‡q cÖKvwkZ nq| wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K©i evwoNi, D‡Vvb, e„ÿ Ges GB e„‡ÿ emevmKvix cvwLi Ni‡Mi¯Ívwj bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi GB Kjv‡g bvbv mg‡q mRxe, cÖvYešÍ I mim n‡q dz‡U D‡V‡Q| wb‡R‡K wb‡qI cwinvm K‡i‡Qb wZwb GB Kjv‡g| Zuvi wbcyY M`¨‰kjxi we”QyiY, †KŠZzKcÖeYZv, AwfÁZv fvj-evmvi eviv›`v e„nËi cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q Av`iYxq n‡q D‡VwQj| GQvov wQj m„R‡b mswkøó bvbvR‡bi Avbv‡Mvbv| M`¨ wQj mim A_P ig¨ bq| Ggbfv‡e mewKQy eY©bv Ki‡Zb Ñ GK wbk¦v‡m cov †hZ| GB M`¨‰kjx Zuvi †gRv‡Ri m‡½ Rwo‡q wM‡qwQj| Zuvi Kjv‡g ewY©Z wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K©i evwo¸‡jvi mgeqmx‡`i m‡½ wePiY mgMÖ Rxeb Zuvi ¯§„wZ‡Z Agøvb n‡q wQj| A‡b‡Ki m‡½ mL¨I n‡qwQj| GLb A‡b‡K cÖqvZ| †mRb¨ cwiYZ eq‡m G‡m †L` cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb Zuv‡`i Rb¨| A‡bK evwoi AwffveKZzj¨ e¨w³ I M„wnYxiv Zuv‡K †mœn Ki‡Zb| GB †mœ‡ni Av‡iK Qwe cvB hLb evwoi A›`ign‡j Zuvi Aeva cÖ‡ek, hLb Zuvi gvwmI eDw` n‡q DV‡Zb| Gfv‡e ˆkk‡ei ¯§„wZ I eÜzZv mKj mgq Zuv‡K ZvwoZ K‡i‡Q| fvj-evmvi eviv›`v I bebxZvi †bvU eB G-`ywU MÖ‡š’i AmsL¨ iPbvq wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K©i †h-Qwe cvB Zv‡Z Av‡Q gbb-†mŠ›`h© Ges G-evwo¸‡jvi ms¯‹w… Z I we`¨vbyiv‡Mi weeiY| GQvov Pvicv‡ki cwi‡ek I wb‡R‡K wb‡q cwinv‡miI cÖvej¨ DuwK w`‡q‡Q KL‡bv-mL‡bv| GB weeiY †h-†Kv‡bv cvVK‡KI AwfÁ K‡i †Zv‡j| Zuvi we`¨veËv I gb‡bi ag© I m„Rb-DrKl© m¤ú‡K© Avgiv A‡b‡KB Rvwb| fvj-evmvi eviv›`v I bebxZvi †bvU eB Ñ G-`ywU MÖš’ cvV Kivi Av‡M RvbZvg bv Zuvi Mv‡Qi cÖwZ Abyiv‡Mi K_v| G-m¤ú‡K© †KŠZ‚n‡j D¾¡j †h-weeiY w`‡q‡Qb AÄwj `vk Ô†M‡Qv †g‡q we`¨veZxÕ cÖe‡Ü Zv †_‡K D×…wZ w`w”Q| G †hgb Zuvi e¨w³¯^iƒc‡K D¾¡j K‡i, †Zgwb gvbylwU‡K Zuvi m‡½ we`¨v_x©‡`i mnR m¤úK© wPb‡ZI mnvqZv K‡i| Ô1981-82 mv‡ji K_v| wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎx‡`i wb‡q kvwšÍwb‡KZb †M‡Qb| `yciy ‡ejvq †`L‡jb Zuvi QvÎxiv KiæY †Pv‡L EaŸ©g‡y L †P‡q GKwU Mv‡Qi wb‡P `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| cÖvq gnxiæn AvKv‡ii GK †cqviv MvQ| DuPwz `‡Ki Wvj fwZ© †cqviv| Lye ¯^vfvweKfv‡e QvÎx‡`i ej‡jb Ñ ÔhvI bv, I‡Vv, K‡qKUv

Kb¨v I Rbbx

49


†c‡o LvI, wKQy n‡e bv Ñ †`‡Lv MvQ †f‡Ov bv|Õ ï‡b †mB me c¨v›U-wU kvU© civ ¯§vU© †g‡qiv †n‡mB Aw¯’i| Ggb AvR¸we K_v Zviv †hb Av‡M †kv‡bwb| AZGe Zv‡`i †M‡Qv w`w`gwY kvwoi AuvPj †Kvg‡i Rwo‡q Aejxjvq gMWv‡j P‡o QvÎx‡`i †cqviv †c‡o w`‡jb| †`‡L QvÎx‡`i we¯§‡qi AšÍ †bB| Igv! `¨vL `¨vL W. †`e †mb Mv‡Q P‡o †cqviv cvo‡Qb|Õ bebxZv‡K wb‡q AÄwj `v‡ki GB we¯ÍZ … Av‡jvPbv †m-mgq Avgv‡`i A‡b‡KiB fv‡jv †j‡MwQj| msev`c‡Îi Rb¨ iwPZ fvj-evmvi eviv›`v I bebxZvi †bvU eB ev †Kv‡bv M‡elYvMÖš’ wb‡q Aek¨ Av‡jvPbv wQj bv GB cÖe‡Ü| Z‡e Zuvi ˆK‡kvi I †hŠe‡bi w`b¸‡jv Ges †gavex QvÎx wn‡m‡e wZwb AvZ¥cÖwZôv K‡ib †Kgb K‡i, Kxfv‡e KjKvZvi eyw×e„wËK I gbbPP©vq wb‡Ri Avmb k³ wfwËi Ici `uvo Kwi‡qwQ‡jb †m-cÖm‡½ AÄwj `vk mwe¯Ív‡i Av‡jvPbv K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi Rb¥, ˆkke †K‡UwQj wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K©| ˆK‡kviKv‡j Zuvi cÖwZfvi ùziY n‡qwQj| †cÖwm‡Ww݇Z cvV MÖnYKv‡j Zuvi †gav I eyw×e„wËK bvbv Abyl½ cÖZ¨ÿ K‡i gv÷vigkvBiv Zuv‡K †mœnQvqvq †eu‡awQ‡jb| wZwb n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb m¤¢vebvgq cÖÁvq `xß GK †gavex QvÎx| m‡e©vcwi Zuvi ˆK‡kvi I †hŠe‡bi w`b¸‡jv Ges †gavex QvÎx wn‡m‡e wZwb Kxfv‡e KjKvZvi m„RbD`¨v‡b I wkÿKZvi RM‡Z Av‡jvwPZ e¨w³Z¡ n‡q I‡Vb Ges KweZv iPbvi ga¨ w`‡q A‡b‡Ki `„wó AvKl©Y K‡ib †m-K_v Zuvi †jLvwU‡Z cvIqv hvq| we‡klZ †cÖwm‡WwÝ †Q‡o wZwb hLb eyׇ`e emyi AbyÁvq bem„ó hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Zzjbvg~jK mvwnZ¨ wefv‡M we`¨v_x© wn‡m‡e †hvM w`‡jb ZLb GB wefv‡Mi fwel¨r wb‡q A‡b‡KB mw›`nvb wQ‡jb| wkÿv_x© wn‡m‡e †cÖwm‡Ww݇ZB wZwb cÖwZfvi ¯^vÿi †i‡LwQ‡jb Ges wkÿKiv †m-mg‡q Zuvi †fZi AwgZ m¤¢vebv cÖZ¨ÿ K‡iwQ‡jb| G wb‡q ïfv_x© I gv÷vigkvBiv †gavex I D¾¡j GB QvÎxi fwel¨r wb‡q mw›`nvb n‡q c‡owQ‡jb| †cÖwm‡WwÝ †Q‡o hvIqvq A‡b‡KB e¨w_Z n‡qwQ‡jb| bebxZv †`e‡mb hLb †cÖwm‡Ww݇Z co‡Z PvB‡jb gv-evev †Kej kZ© w`‡qwQ‡jb, Ô†cÖwm‡Ww݇Z c‡ov, wKš‘ Kwd nvD‡m †h‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ bebxZvi D”Pwkÿv wb‡q ivavivbx †`exi †Kv‡bv wØav wQj bv| beMwVZ Zzjbvg~jK mvwnZ¨ wefv‡Mi cÖ_g e¨v‡Pi QvÎx wQ‡jb bebxZv| †gvU QqRb wkÿv_x© wb‡q wefvMwU ïiæ n‡qwQj| mncvVx wn‡m‡e †c‡qwQ‡jb Awgq †`e, cÖY‡e›`y `vk¸ß, k¨vgj M‡½vcva¨vq, gvbe e‡›`¨vcva¨vq‡K| cieZx©Kv‡j mK‡jB mvi¯^Z mgv‡R †``xc¨gvb n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb| m„Rb-DrK‡l© cÖwZfvi ¯^vÿi †i‡LwQ‡jb cÖ_g e¨v‡Pi GB wkÿv_x©iv| A‡b‡KB evsjv fvlv I mvwn‡Z¨I bÿÎZzj¨ e¨w³ n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb| GB wefv‡M wkÿK wn‡m‡e †c‡qwQ‡jb eyׇ`e emy, myax›`ªbv_ `Ë, b‡ik ¸n I A‡jvKiÄb `vk¸ß‡K| GKch©v‡q myKgz vix fÆvPvh©‡KI| c‡i Aek¨ myKgz vix P‡j hvb ms¯‹Z … K‡j‡R| A‡jvKiÄb `vk¸ß wKQyw`b ci evsjv wefv‡M P‡j hvb| GB mgq †_‡K eyׇ`e emyi 202 ivmwenvix A¨vwfwbDi KweZvfe‡b wbqwgZ hvZvqvZ Zuvi gbba‡g© Qvc †d‡jwQj| eÜzZ¡ n‡qwQj gxbvÿx I `qgšÍx emyi m‡½| cieZx©Kv‡j hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Zzjbvg~jK mvwnZ¨ wefv‡Mi eyׇ`e emyi AKvjcÖqvZ cyÎ ï×kxj emyi m‡½ mL¨ M‡o D‡VwQj| KweZvfe‡b eyׇ`e emy I cÖwZfv emyi mvwbœa¨ Ges †mœn eûw`b †c‡q‡Qb| GKwU cÖe‡Ü wZwbB GB `yB gvby‡li gbb I m„R‡bi AšÍi½ Qwe Gu‡K‡Qb| Zuvi cÖZ¨ÿ‡Y aiv c‡owQj Ñ wbišÍi AvÇvi ciI eyׇ`e emyi m„Rbawg©Zv Kxfv‡e MnbmÜvbx Avi cÖwZfv emy AvÇv w`‡q Nimsmv‡ii ARmª KvR K‡i †Kv‡bvw`bB K¬vwšÍ †eva Ki‡Zb bv|

50

bebxZv †`e‡mb ¯^RbmKv‡k MÖ‡š’ GKwU cÖe‡Ü A‡jvKiÄb `vk¸ß m¤ú‡K© GK `xN© iPbvq Zuvi gv÷vigkvB‡qi †h-wPÎ I e¨w³Z¡ wbg©vY K‡i‡Qb Zv †KŠZ‚n‡jvÏxcK| eZ©gv‡b A‡jvKiÄb wek¦bvMwiK| _v‡Kb Rvg©vwbi nvB‡Wjev‡M©| `vk©wbK I fveyKe„‡Ë wZwb m`v mgy¾j ¡ | Kwe I cÖvewÜK| Ab¨w`‡K mgKvjxb kxl© fveyKgÐjx‡Z Zuvi Abvqvm hvZvqvZ Ges GB w`K D‡b¥vPb Avgv‡`i †hŠeb evD‡ji Kwe, Abyev`K I kxl© GB Kwe cÖvewÜK‡K wfbœfv‡e wPwb‡q †`q| Zuvi cÖ_g KweZvi eB cÖ_g cÖZ¨q †ei n‡qwQj 1957 mv‡j Avi Avwg Abycg cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj 1976 mv‡j| Dcb¨vmwU wQj bKkvj Av‡›`vjb‡Kw›`ªK| GB Dcb¨vmwU bKkvj‡`i wb‡q iwPZ cÖ_g Dcb¨vm| PwiÎ WvKmvB‡U eyw×Rxex I mvsevw`K| g¨vM‡mmvB cyi¯‹vicÖvß| Zuvi we‡ewKZv I bKkvj‡`i cÖwZ mngwg©Zv cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q GK gvÎv mÂvi Ki‡jI c‡i ev¯ÍeZvi cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z Zuvi Ø›Ø I civRq bKkvj Av‡›`vj‡b eyw×Rxexi f‚wgKvi GK Av‡jL¨ n‡q I‡V| bebxZvi gv-evevi we‡qi Avm‡i gš¿cvV K‡iwQ‡jb AvPvh© mybxwZKzgvi P‡Ævcva¨vq| †mKv‡j G-we‡q †ek Av‡jvob m„wó K‡iwQj| †cÖ‡gi I weaev we‡qi GB Abyôv‡b wb‡RB wb‡R‡K m¤úÖ`vb K‡iwQ‡jb ivavivbx †`e| bebxZvi Rb¥ I ˆkke †K‡UwQj wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K© eûj Av‡jvwPZ fvj-evmv evwowU‡Z| wjjyqv †_‡K G‡m Zuvi wcZv b‡i›`ª †`e wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K© Rwg wK‡b fvj-evmv evwowU wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb| bebxZvi R‡b¥i ci Zuvi bvgwU †i‡LwQ‡jb iex›`ªbv_| bebxZvi m„Rbkxj evev I gv‡qi cÖwZ iex›`ªbv‡_i †mœnvkxe©v` wQj| kirP›`ªI GB `¤úwZ‡K Lye fv‡jvevm‡Zb| bebxZvi hLb wZb eQi eqm †mB mg‡q iex›`ªbv_ b‡i›`ª †`e-ivavivbx `¤úwZ‡K †L‡Z wbgš¿Y K‡iwQ‡jb| †L‡Z e‡m bebxZv ejj, ÔG †Kgb wbgš¿Yevwo, Lvevi g‡a¨ †cvjvI †bB| ïay fvZ!Õ iex›`ªbv_ ivbœvi VvKzi‡K †W‡K e‡jb, Ô†QvU GjvP †f‡R wKkwgk mn‡hv‡M wN †X‡j †cvjvI K‡i `vI|Õ bebxZvi g„Z¨z i ci †f‡ewQjvg, Zuvi m„Rb I RxebmsMÖvg wb‡q I evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ Zuvi wfbœ gh©v`vevb Avmb wb‡q kÖ×vÁvcK wKQz †jLv †e‡iv‡e| Avb›`evRvi Ges GB mgq cwÎKvq wKQz †jLv †ei n‡q‡Q e‡U, Z‡e me KwU wQj AšÍi½fv‡e Zuv‡K ch©‡eÿY I e¨w³ bebxZvi m‡½ mvwbœ‡a¨i LwZqvb| hw`I GB ch©‡eÿ‡Y Avgiv wfbœ gvbweK‡ev‡a D¾¡j ˆewP‡Î¨ ficyi, bvbv AwfÁZvm¤úbœ GK bebxZv †`e‡mb‡K †c‡qwQ; Zey gb Z…ß nqwb| †Kej Avgvi fv‡jv †j‡MwQj wkKv‡Mv †_‡K cvVv‡bv HwZnvwmK `x‡ck PµeZx©i Ges A_©bxwZi WvKmvB‡U Aa¨vcK I cÖvewÜK †mŠixb fÆvPv‡h©i †jLv| Zuvi g„Z¨z i ci Avgvi †KejB g‡b nq, hv`ecy‡ii Zzjbvg~jK mvwnZ¨ wefvM I evsjv M‡elYv mvwn‡Z¨i GKwU Aa¨v‡qi Aemvb n‡jv; †hLv‡b bebxZv †`e‡mb wQ‡jb wkLi¯úkx©| evsjv mvwnZ¨‡K wZwb M‡elYv, ig¨ iPbv, cwÎKvq Kjvg iPbv, wkïmvwnZ¨, ågYmvwnZ¨ w`‡q †hfv‡e F× K‡i‡Qb Zvi wQ‡U‡duvUvI Ly‡u R cvBwb †mme wdPviagx© iPbvq| Zzjbvg~jK mvwnZ¨ Av‡jvPbvq wZwb †h bew`M‡šÍi m~Pbv I cw_K…‡Zi f‚wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Qb Zv bexb Av‡jv‡K AvR Avgiv Dcjwä Kwi| wZwb wb‡R Mvwo WªvBf Ki‡Zb; hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vj‡q Av‡jvPbv mfv, KweZv cv‡Vi Avmi ev ÔmBÕ Abyôv‡b eÜz‡`iI wb‡q †h‡Zb Mvwo WªvBf K‡i| GKevi fviZ wµ‡K‡U wk‡ivcv †cj| G D`&hvc‡bi Rb¨ Mvwo‡Z †g‡q‡`i m‡½ wb‡q ivw·Z †ewi‡q co‡jb Avb‡›` D”Qj KjKvZvi iv¯Ívq| G-I‡K Awfb›`b Rvbv‡”Q Mvwo‡Z nb© I †møvMvb w`‡q| bebxZvI A‡bK ivZ Aewa fvi‡Zi Rq D`&hvcb Ki‡jb| A‡bK ivw·Z evwo †divi gy‡L †M‡jb cvÄve avev‡Z Pv †L‡Z| Avb‡›` D”Qj AcwiwPZ GKRb‡K ÔnvBÕ Ki‡jb †mB †i÷z‡i‡›U|


Zuvi iwPZ Amvgvb¨ MÖš’ Ck¦‡ii cÖwZØ›Øx I Ab¨vb¨ 1384 m‡b cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj| Ggb gbb-D¾¡j †gavex MÖš’ evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ weij| GB MÖ‡š’i K‡qKwU cÖeÜ cÖ_‡g Bs‡iwR fvlvq iwPZ n‡jI c‡i evsjvq MÖšf ’ ³ z nq| cÖwZwU cÖe‡ÜB wRÁvmvi we”QyiY Av‡Q| GB MÖ‡š’i wØZxq ms¯‹i‡Y wZwb KgjKzgvi gRyg`vi‡K wb‡q `ywU cÖeÜ mshy³ K‡iwQ‡jb| cÖ_g cÖeÜwUi bvg Ôwcći ewmqv cvVK Ges A_ev Zvwš¿‡Ki kã mvabvÕ| wØZxq cÖeÜwUi bvg ÔGKwU †g‡UªvcwjUb wkíxgb I ga¨weË we‡`ªv‡ni D`vniY KgjKzgvi gRyg`vi wel‡q `y-GKwU fvebvÕ| AmvaviY G-`ywU cÖeÜ cÖKv‡ki ciciB evsjvfvlx mvwnZ¨vMÖnx cvV‡Ki g‡a¨ LyeB PvÂj¨, Av‡jvob I weiƒcZv m„wó n‡qwQj| KviY †mKv‡j Rxebfvebv I M`¨‰kjxi Rb¨ KgjKzgvi gRyg`vi GKwU wg‡_ cwiYZ n‡qwQ‡jb| Zuvi M`¨‰kjx I welq Amvgvb¨ n‡jI G †h fwel¨r evsjv M`¨‡K cÖfvweZ Ki‡e bv Ges g~javiv †_‡K µ‡g G-M`¨ n‡q co‡e wew”Qbœ Ñ wZwb cÖZ¨‡qi m‡½ †m-K_v e‡jb| A‡b‡K Ggb aviYv †cvlY Ki‡Zb †h, KgjKzgvi gRyg`vi †jL‡Ki †jLK| KgjKzgvi e¨vKiY †f‡O, †Kv‡bv wbqgbxwZ gvb¨ bv K‡i evK¨MV‡b bZzb ixwZ cÖeZ©b K‡iwQ‡jb| bebxZvi fvlvq, Zuvi Ae¨q-e¨envi, KviK-wefw³ e¨envi, c`-e¨envi Ñ meB wQj evsjv e¨vKiYewnf‚Z © | wZwb GB `xN© cÖe‡Ü evsjv fvlvi µgweKvk cÖm½I Av‡jvPbv K‡ib| we¯ÍZ … cwimi P‡j Av‡m Zuvi Av‡jvPbvq| †eŠ× hyM †_‡K †gvMj Avgj I Bs‡iR‡`i mgq wN‡i †h fvlv-e¨envi I fvlv‡PZbv Zvi Av‡jvPbvi welq n‡q I‡V| `xN© GB we‡køl‡Yi ci wZwb G-ai‡bi wm×v‡šÍ Av‡mb †h, KgjKzgvi cvV‡Ki m‡½ †Kv‡bv mn‡hvwMZvi †hvMv‡hv‡Mi †mZz wbg©vY Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| †mRb¨ cÖwZfvI †h KLb fzjc‡_ hvÎvi

d‡j ÿxqgvY n‡q c‡o, †m-K_v cÖZ¨‡qi m‡½ D”PviY K‡ib| GI ej‡Z wØav K‡ib bv †h, ÔcÖvmw½K †nvK, A_ev AcÖvmw½K Ñ Avevi e‡j ivLwQ, AvaywbK evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ kÖxKgjKzgvi gRyg`vi GK Zzjbvnxb bó-cÖwZfv, GKwU KÿPz¨Z bÿÎwe‡kl| Zuvi †P‡q A‡bK A‡bK Kg ÿgZv wb‡q A‡b‡KB evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i nv‡U ¯’vqx †`vKvb w`‡q †M‡Qb| A_P evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnv‡mi g~javivq Kgjeveyi ¯’vb _vK‡e bv, wZwb †_‡K hv‡eb cvk¦f © w‚ gKvq Ñ ïay GKwU e¨wZµg wn‡m‡e Drmv‡ni †LvivK RywM‡q| GB Uª¨v‡RwWi g~j LyR u ‡ZB GB cÖe‡Üi m~Pbv|Õ bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi Ck¦‡ii cÖwZØ›Øx I Ab¨vb¨ MÖ‡š’ we‡klZ iex›`ªbv_‡K wb‡q `ywU cÖeÜ I ÔCk¦‡ii cÖwZØ›Øx : kkx I wiDÕ-G gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq I Avj‡eqvi Kvgy¨i Dcb¨v‡mi Zzjbvg~jK Av‡jvPbv Ges ch©‡eÿY KZ Mfxi Zv GZw`b ev‡`I Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q wfbœ gh©v`v `vwe K‡i| Zuvi M‡elYvjä GB cÖe‡Ü wZwb †`Lv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ A¨vemvwW©wU cvðv‡Z¨i `vb bq; cwðg †_‡K G M„nxZ nqwb| gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq kkx Pwi‡Îi ga¨ w`‡q GB †ev‡ai cÖKv‡k D¾¡jZg D`vniY wn‡m‡e ¯^vÿi †i‡L‡Qb| cyZj z bv‡Pi BwZK_vi bvbv Pwi·K Zuvi g‡Zv K‡i †KD Mfxifv‡e wPwÎZ K‡ibwb| Avgv‡`i fvM¨ fv‡jv, Avj‡eqvi Kvgy¨i wiD PwiÎ wZwb wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi cyZj z bv‡Pi BwZK_v iPbvi c‡i| fve‡Z fv‡jv jv‡M †h, GB `ywU Dcb¨v‡m mv`„k¨ _vKv m‡Ë¡I `yB †jL‡Ki AvDUmvBWvi †eva, gvby‡li Rb¨ Kj¨vY-AvKv•ÿv, †ivMevjvB `~i Kivi Rb¨ kkx I wiD G `yR‡bi HKvwšÍK cÖqvm, RwUj N~Yv© e‡Z©i w`bhvcb I `yR‡biB fvM¨weow¤^Z civRq wb‡q wZwb †h Av‡jvPbv K‡i‡Qb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ Ggb Av‡jvPbv †Pv‡L c‡o bv| GQvov iex›`ªbv_‡K

I‡jv mB MÖ‡š’i †gvoK D‡b¥vPb Abyôv‡b euv †_‡K ˆPZvjx `vk¸ß, bebxZv †`e‡mb I kvk¦Zx ¸nVvKziZv

51


wb‡q `ywU cÖe‡Üi GKwU‡Z wZwb e¨vL¨v I we‡kølY K‡i‡Qb Kx Kvi‡Y cvðv‡Z¨ iex›`ªbv_ †bv‡ejcÖvwßi `y-GK eQ‡ii g‡a¨ gøvb I Abv‡jvwPZ †_‡K hvb| wZwb G-cÖe‡Ü cvðv‡Z¨i mvgvwRKivR‰bwZK cwi‡ek Ges ü`‡qi Mwn‡b ivLv ag©‡eva‡K D‡cÿv K‡ibwb| GK`v we‡klZ †bv‡ej weR‡qi mg‡q hy‡×vËi BD‡ivc MxZvÄwj‡Z †`‡LwQj Ck¦‡i wb‡e`b cÖkvšÍ †mŠg¨ fve I iex›`ªbv‡_i e¨w³‡Z¡ FwlKí GK cÖwZgv, hv †bv‡ejcÖvwßi mg‡q BD‡ivcxq‡`i ü`q-gb I Kve¨iæwP‡K cÖejfv‡e Av‡jvwoZ K‡iwQj, G AwPiKv‡ji g‡a¨ AewmZ n‡qwQj Kx Kvi‡Y Ñ bebxZv G AbymÜvb K‡i‡Qb `xN© cwimi I cwi‡cÖwÿZ wb‡q| GQvov wQj wZwi‡ki Kwe myex›`ªbv_ `ˇK wb‡q ü`qMÖvnx Av‡jvPbv| wZwi‡ki GB Kwei PwiÎ, Kv‡e¨i ˆewkó¨ Ges cÖÁvi wgkÖY| k‡ãi e¨envi aŸwbgqZv wb‡q bebxZv evOvwji gbb‡PZbvq bZzb gvÎv mÂvwiZ K‡iwQ‡jb| Avwg e¨w³MZfv‡e F× I mg„× n‡qwQ G-MÖ‡š’i Av‡iv wZbwU cÖeÜ cvV K‡i| fvwR©‡ji CwbW Abyev` K‡iwQ‡jb jvwZb †_‡K ülx‡Kk emy I dv`vi i‡e¨i Av‡Zuvqvb| eBwU cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj 1972 mv‡j| cÖKv‡ki ci bebxZv †`e‡mb eBwUi Abyev` cÖm‡½ †h-Av‡jvPbv K‡ib Zv‡Z wZwb Abyev‡`i mgm¨v wb‡q `xN© Av‡jvPbvi m~ÎcvZ K‡ib| gnvKv‡e¨i Abyev` cÖm‡½ †gŠwjKZv I h_vh_ k‡ãi e¨envi wb‡q wZwb we‡kølY K‡ib| hyM¥ Abyev`K‡K GB MÖšw’ Ui Rb¨ Awfbw›`Z K‡ib| GB cÖe‡Ü wZwb Avkv cÖKvk K‡ib, Abyev` †Zv AvÿwiK Abyev` bq| Abyev` cvV‡Ki m‡½ KLb Kxfv‡e †mZzeÜ iPbv K‡i †m-cÖm½I DÌvcb K‡ib wZwb| G wb‡q Av‡jvPbvKv‡j KLb Kxfv‡e gnvKve¨ e„nr cwim‡i Abyev` n‡q‡Q Zv e¨vL¨v K‡ib| cÖm½µ‡g ivR‡kLi emyi ivgvqY gnvfvi‡Zi Abyev` cÖm½I P‡j Av‡m Zuvi Av‡jvPbvq| GB cÖe‡Ü wZwb e‡jb| GQvov G-MÖ‡š’i Av‡iv GKwU †gŠwjK fvebvF× cÖeÜ ÔAg„‡Z‡i Kwi bg¯‹viÕ kxl©K, eyׇ`e emyi †ev`‡jqvi Abyev` cÖm‡½ GKwU iPbvi K_v bv ej‡jB bq| GB cÖeÜwU‡Z wZwb Abyev‡`i mgm¨v wb‡q †hgb Av‡jvPbv K‡i‡Qb, Ab¨w`‡K eyׇ`e emyi GB Abyev`wU †h †gŠwjK‡Z¡ wewkó †m-K_v h_vh_fv‡e ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| †ev`‡jqv‡ii KweZvi Abyev` I MÖšf ’ ³ z f‚wgKv evsjv mvwnZ¨‡K, we‡klZ evsjv KweZvfzeb‡K KZfv‡e †h ¯úw›`Z K‡iwQj Zv wZwb †ev`‡jqv‡ii Abyev` cÖm‡½ G-cÖe‡Ü we‡kølY K‡i‡Qb| Avgiv Aek¨ Rvwb †h, eyׇ`e emyi †ev`‡jqvi Abyev` cÖKvwkZ nIqvi ci KjKvZvi K‡qKRb Kwe‡K †K¬`, weewglv, welv` I Ag½j‡ev‡ai Zvobv Kxfv‡e m„Rba‡g©I `xwcZ K‡iwQj| eûw`b Zuviv G-MÖ‡š’ Av”Qbœ wQ‡jb| G wb‡q axgvb fveyK Avey mqx` AvBqye Avgv‡`i `„wó‡K cÖmvwiZ K‡i‡Qb| bebxZv †`e‡mb GKB m‡½ cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb, GB †ev`‡jqvi Abyev‡`i ci eyׇ`e emyi fzeb I †gŠwjK KweZvi m„Rba‡g© Kxfv‡e cwieZ©b mvwaZ n‡qwQj| kã-e¨env‡i I fvebvi e„‡Ë GB cwieZ©b eyׇ`e emyi KweZ¡kw³‡K ejxqvb K‡iwQj| we‡klZ eyׇ`e-iwPZ †h Auvavi Av‡jvi AwaK Kve¨MÖ‡š’ wZwb †evaKwi euvK wdwi‡qwQ‡jb| bebxZv cÖZ¨‡qi m‡½ †m-K_v D”PviY K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb †`Lvb †h, Ab~w`Z †ev`‡jqv‡ii eû kã †h Auvavi Av‡jvi AwaK eyׇ`e emy-iwPZ GB Kve¨MÖ‡š’i A‡bK KweZvq gh©v`vevb n‡q I‡V| bebxZv-iwPZ Ck¦‡ii cÖwZØ›Øx I Ab¨vb¨ MÖšw’ U cÖKv‡ki ci hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vj‡qi mvi¯^Z mgv‡R wKwÂr Av‡jvob Zzj‡jI cieZx©Kv‡j G †Kv‡bv eo Zi½ ev †Kv‡bv †XD †Zv‡jwb| Ggb mRxe, cÖvYešÍ I Kg©PÂj Rxebxkw³‡Z ficyi gvbyl Lye KgB †`Lv hvq| Avi åg‡Y wQ‡jb wZwb me©`v D`MÖxe| nvmcvZvj

52

ev bvwm©s‡nvg †_‡K wd‡i wekÖv‡g _vK‡Z n‡Zv A‡bKw`b| wKš‘ GB mg‡q †Kv_vI åg‡Yi m¤¢vebv †`Lv w`‡j wZwb Zv D‡cÿv Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb bv| Kb¨vØq ev `xN©w`‡bi M„nmnvqK ¸wbqvfvB, Kv‡iv eviY wZwb gvb‡Zb bv| Zuvi kix‡i eû eQi c~‡e© nuvcvwb †ivM evmv †eu‡awQj; k¦vmK‡óI fzM‡Zb `xN©w`b a‡i, A¨vjvwR© wQj ay‡jvevwj‡Z| m‡½ wQj D”P i³Pvc I Ab¨vb¨ e¨vwa| GZ`m‡Ë¡I c„w_exi GK AÂj †_‡K Ab¨ AÂj P‡l †ewo‡q‡Qb kxZ-MÖx‡®§| e¨vwaRR©i kixi †Kv‡bv wKQy‡KB †Zvqv°v K‡iwb| A`g¨ wQj Zuvi B”Qvkw³ I gvbyl †`Lvi `ywb©evi AvKv•ÿv| m½xnxb GKv †ewi‡q co‡Zb `yMg© I KL‡bv wec`msKzj A‡j, †hLv‡b cÖKw… Z I gvby‡li ü`q D`vi| åg‡Y A‡Pbv-ARvbv ¯’vb †`Lv Zuvi ¯^fvea‡g© cwiYZ n‡qwQj| c‡_-wec‡_ †Pbv †bB, Rvbv †bB Ggb eû †jv‡Ki m‡½ Zuvi mvÿvr n‡Zv| ZLb AvkÖq I Lv`¨ wgjZ| †Kv‡bv Amyweav n‡Zv bv| AvwZ‡_qZv Zuvi ü`q‡K bvov w`Z| A‡bK mgq mnhvÎx‡`i k¼v‡K Avgj †`bwb| Gme GKv åg‡Y Zuvi MšÍe¨ wQj bv wbw`©ó| A‡bK †ÿ‡Î Avnvi, wb`ªv I ivwÎhvc‡bi e¨e¯’vI _vKZ bv| Zey mewKQyB †Kgb K‡i †hb mnR n‡q †hZ| KL‡bv `yMg© c_ weNœgq n‡q DVZ, ARvbv‡K Rq I Dcjwäi bZzb AvKv•ÿv wb‡q Qy‡U †ewo‡q‡Qb c„w_exi G-cÖvšÍ †_‡K I-cÖvšÍ| Rbgvbenxb Avjv¯‹vq †M‡Qb eû KvVLo cywo‡q, †c‡Uªvj †Kv¤úvwbi †QvÆ †cø‡b P‡o| †Kv‡bv cwiKíbv QvovB Avevmb I ivwÎev‡mi e¨e¯’v QvovB Gjvnvev‡`i Kz¤‡¢ gjvq wM‡q Dcw¯’Z n‡qwQ‡jb| kvwocwiwnZv evOvwj †g‡q, cv‡q †h Zuvi mi‡l wQj! †mRb¨ me©`v åg‡Y †Kv‡bv evav‡K weNœ g‡b K‡ibwb| AvšÍRv© wZK mvwnZ¨ A½‡bi †mwgbvi I wm‡¤úvwRqv‡g †jwLKv, fveyK I wPšÍvwe` wn‡m‡e fvi‡Zi cÖwZwbwaZ¡ K‡i‡Qb AmsL¨evi| †Lvjv gb wb‡q bvbv wel‡q cÖÁvwgwkÖZ Av‡jvPbvq Ask wb‡q‡Qb Ges Gme Av‡jvPbvmfvq †hvM w`‡qB †LuvR wb‡q‡Qb †Kv_vq åg‡Y hvIqv hvq| †nvK Zv fviZ-Pxb mxgv‡šÍ Rbweij g¨vK‡gvnb jvBb, ev Zz›`ªv cwiågYI Zuv‡K myLx K‡iwQj| bvbv †`‡ki wbmM©, gvbyl I ce©Z ev mgy‡`ªi ˆewkó¨ †PvL f‡i †`Lv Zuvi ¯^fv‡ei AšÍMZ © n‡q c‡owQj| wZwb wQ‡jb we`ylx Aa¨vcK, e¨wZµgx bvix, m„Rba‡g© wmwiqvm, AvwkwU MÖ‡š’i iPwqZv; cÖwZwU MÖšB’ wfbœ; †m iƒcK_v ev wkï‡Zvl MÖš’ hv-B †nvK bv †Kb; †KŠZzKwcÖq, †fZ‡i †fZ‡i AvaywbK gvby‡li g‡Zv wbtm½| kvgmyi ivngv‡bi g‡Zv AvgviI ej‡Z B‡”Q K‡i, Zuvi e¨w³‡Z¡ `ytL bvg wjwL‡qwQj| GB wbtm½Zvi I `yt‡Li cÖej Zvc KvD‡K eyS‡Z †`bwb| nvwm I iwmKZv w`‡q bebxZv wK wKQy jyKv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| me©`v wQ‡jb åg‡Y Drmvnx| GKevi mybxj M‡½vcva¨vq Lei †c‡jb bebxZv †`e‡mb ¸iæZi Amy¯|’ wn›`y¯v’ b cv‡K©i evwo‡Z wM‡q †kv‡bb bebxZv Avjv¯‹vq| wew¯§Z nbwb Ñ GB †Zv Zuvi eÜz bebxZv! Amy¯’ kix‡i †ciæ åg‡Y D‡Ø‡Mi KviY n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb| †jvKwcÖqZv Zuvi fv‡M¨ Ry‡UwQj| ARmª cvVK I wefv‡Mi kZ kZ we`¨v_x© cÖvY w`‡q Zuv‡K fv‡jv‡e‡mwQj| eûRb‡K cÖvwYZ K‡i‡Qb Zv‡`i e¨w³MZ `ytmg‡q| wKQyw`b a‡i KK©U †iv‡M RR©i nw”Q‡jb| G wb‡q †Kv‡bv wejvc K‡ibwb ev †Kv‡bv Awf‡hvM wQj bv| gb‡b D¾¡j GKRb m„Rbkxj gvbyl 7 b‡f¤^‡i P‡j †M‡jb| eû ¯^Rb AbyivMxRb‡K AkÖæwm³ K‡i| evwo‡Z Zuvi gi‡`n hLb kÖ×vq I fv‡jvevmvq wm³ ZLb MvIqv n‡jv iex›`ªbv‡_i ÔcÖvY fwi‡q Z…lv nwi‡qÕ Avi Zuvi wcÖq hv`ecy‡i hLb gi‡`n †cuŠQvj, AMwYZ we`¨v_x© MvBj ÔAvKvk fiv m~hZ © vivÕ| GB Mvb m½x K‡i wZwb cvwo w`‡jb ARvbvi c‡_| AvwgI AvZ¥xq-we‡qv‡Mi g‡Zv e¨w_Z n‡qwQ Zuvi P‡j hvIqvq| r


kÖ ×v Ä wj

bebxZv †`e‡mb Ges e¨w³MZ ¯§„wZi Wvjcvjv

b

eyeyb P‡Ævcva¨vq

ebxZvw` Avgvi we‡q‡Z GKwU mv`v LvZv w`‡qwQ‡jb| cvZv¸‡jv wQj nvjKv bxj Zz‡jvU KvM‡Ri| †fZ‡i †jLv wQj, ÔKweZvi LvZvÕ Avi hvIqvi mgq Kv‡b Kv‡b e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔAvgvi †`Iqv LvZvUv †hb fwZ© nq|Õ we‡qi ci G‡`‡kB _vKe Rvb‡j nq‡Zv KweZv †jLvi LvZv w`‡Zb bv| Rvb‡Zb we‡`‡k _vKe| we‡`‡k †_‡K Avi hv-B †nvK KweZv †jLv †ek k³| KviY Kweiv †h-fvlvq KweZvPP©v K‡ib †mB fvlv, †mB gvwUi KvQvKvwQ _vKvUv Lye Riæwi| GK `k‡Ki Ici we‡`kev‡m G Avwg nv‡o nv‡o ey‡SwQ| bebxZvw`I †Zv eûKvj we‡`‡k wQ‡jb| nq‡Zv GKB hš¿Yv wZwb wb‡RI †fvM K‡i‡Qb| mybxj`v Rvwb ïay GB Kvi‡YB AvRxeb AvBIqvq _vKvi cÖ¯vÍ e bvKP K‡i wd‡i G‡mwQ‡jb| †m hvB †nvK| GB †jLvq bebxZvw` KZeo

A¨vKv‡Wwg· wQ‡jb †m wbY©q Kiv Avgvi DwPZ bq| eis Zuvi g‡Zv GKRb eY©gq gvby‡li m‡½ Avgvi g‡Zv Pz‡bvcywu Ui m¤úK© GRb¨ wjLwQ †h, Zvn‡j Iui g‡Zv GKRb gvbyl‡K A‡bKUv AvšÍwiKfv‡e Rvbvi cvV‡Ki my‡hvM n‡e| KviY cvV‡Ki ¯^fve n‡jv wcÖq †jL‡Ki ivbœvN‡i DuwK †`Iqv| wbR¯^ †PŠnwÏi g‡a¨ AvU‡cŠ‡i gvbylwU‡K Rvbvi| Zv Avgvi m‡½ Zuvi wZwik eQ‡ii Ici m¤úK©| †mB m¤ú‡K©i Av‡jv KL‡bv D¾¡j, KL‡bv Awfgv‡bi fv‡i Z¨viPv n‡qwQj| wKš‘ m¤úK©wU Avg„Z¨z wQj| Avwg hLb we‡`‡k wQjvg, ZLb †Uwj‡dvb Qvov `ªæZ †hvMv‡hv‡Mi GKgvÎ gva¨g wQj B-†gBj| Zv bebxZvw`i m‡½ gv‡Sg‡a¨ †Uwj‡dv‡b †ewkifvM mg‡q B-†gB‡j †hvMv‡hvM n‡Zv| †m-mgq A_©vr beŸB‡qi `k‡Ki †klw`‡K KRb evsjv fvlvi †jL‡Ki

53


B-†gBj A¨vKvD›U wQj ¸‡b ejv hvq| wKš‘ bebxZvw` wPiKvjB AvšÍRv© wZK| AvR g¨vbnvUb †Zv Kvj g¨vb‡P÷vi| Zuvi cv‡q GKwU DošÍ Pàj wQj †evanq| Kv‡RB mvivRxebUvB †m †jLvi KvR †nvK, †Kv‡bv e³…Zv †nvK ev †jLK‡`i IqvK©kc A_ev wbQK ågY; mewKQy‡ZB wZwb Wvbv Qwo‡q w`‡Zb| eQiPv‡iK Av‡M Avwg Zzi¯‹ wM‡qwQjvg| hve ï‡b Kx Avb›`| ej‡jb, ÔBm! Avgvi Avi hvIqv n‡e bv †evanq †i| G‡m fv‡jv K‡i wjLwe| coe|Õ †Kv_vI †KD †eov‡Z hv‡”Q ïb‡jB †Kgb wkïi g‡Zv Avb›` †c‡Zb| Avb›` wZwb Rxeb †_‡K Kzwo‡q wb‡Z Rvb‡Zb| mviveQi bvbviKg kvixwiK Amyweav m‡Ë¡I Zuvi AdzišÍ Rxebxkw³i Kv‡Q †mme dzrKv‡i D‡o †hZ| †g‡q‡`i wb‡q Zuvi †fZ‡i GK Lvejv big gvwU wQj| †h-†Kv‡bv †g‡qi †h-†Kv‡bv Rq‡K wb‡RiB wKQyUv wR‡Z hvIqv g‡b Ki‡Zb| †mB Kvi‡Y ÔmBÕ‡qi g‡Zv mvwnwZ¨K †g‡q‡`i GKwU msMVb Kivi K_v †f‡ewQ‡jb| we‡`k †_‡K B-†gBj Ki‡jB wZwb ej‡Zb, ÔZzB wd‡i G‡mB cÖ_g KvR n‡e mB‡Z R‡qb Kiv|Õ †`‡k wd‡i mB‡qi m½x n‡qwQ| GKevi Avgv‡`i cwiKíbv n‡jv ÔmBÕ‡qi Rb¥w`b Dcj‡ÿ Gevi evsjv bq, Bs‡iwR‡Z cwÎKv n‡e| KviY †mevi RvZxq ¯Í‡ii A‡bK †jwLKv‡K Avgš¿Y Rvbv‡bv n‡qwQj| Zuviv †KD-B evsjv eyS‡eb bv| A_P evsjv fvlvq huviv wjL‡Qb Zuviv †mB mg‡q Kx fve‡Qb, Kx wjL‡Qb †mme Zuv‡`i Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q †`Iqv Riæwi| Kv‡RB bebxZvw` wm×všÍ wb‡jb Gevi cwÎKv Bs‡iwR‡Z n‡e| fviZe‡l©i wewfbœ fvlvi g~jZ bvixev`x †jLK‡`i Avgš¿Y Ges m¤§vbbv Rvbv‡bv n‡e| ïay ZvB bq, Zuv‡`i †jLvI Avgv‡`i m‡½ IB cwÎKvq _vK‡e| kkx †`kcv‡Û, Ewg©jv cvIqv‡ii g‡Zv GKSuvK kw³kvjx †jwLKvi cv‡k wb‡Ri KzwÉZ †jLvwU RvqMv cvIqvq Avgvi g‡Zv A‡bK ÔmBÕ‡qi Kv‡QB Lye

54

køvNvi e¨vcvi n‡qwQj| wKš‘ Avgiv †Zv evsjvq wjwL| Abyev` Ki‡eb †K? bebxZvw`‡K aijvg| ÔKweZv¸‡jv AšÍZ Zzwg Abyev` K‡iv|Õ cÖ_‡g GKUz BZ¯ÍZ Ki‡jI ivwR n‡q †M‡jb| g‡b co‡Q, Avgvi †QvÆ KweZvwU Abyev` Kivi mgq Avgv‡K ej‡jb, Ô†Zvi KweZvUv GZ fv‡jv, Ki‡Z wM‡q Kvbœv †c‡q hv‡”Q †i!Õ GZUvB wZwb KweZvi g‡a¨ euvP‡Zb| mvgvb¨ GKUv NUbvi K_v ewj| GKw`b `yc‡y i bebxZvw`i m‡½ e‡m ÔmBÕ‡qiB bvbv †jLvcÎ wb‡q KvR KiwQ| nVvr Avgvi evwo †_‡K †dvb| Avgvi cv‡ki evwoi PzcPvc, m`v nvm¨gyL †g‡qwU k¦ïievwo †_‡K cvwj‡q †M‡Q| e‡ii eÜzi m‡½| cuvP eQ‡ii †Q‡jwU gv, gv K‡i †Ku‡` AvKzj n‡”Q| †dvb †i‡L bebxZvw`‡K me e„ËvšÍ ejjvg| wZwb mg¯ÍUv gb w`‡q ï‡b ej‡jb, Ô†ek K‡i‡Q cvwj‡q †M‡Q| eiUv wbðqB cvwR| bvn‡j †g‡qiv mn‡R †Q‡o P‡j hvq bv|Õ †g‡q‡`i cÖwZ bebxZvw`i GiKg AKzÉ mg_©b wQj| we‡q, msmvi †Q‡o Avmv bebxZvw`i ü`‡qi AšÍ¯‡Í j GKUv Mfxi ÿZ wQj †Kv_vI| Avg„Z¨z Zvi fvi enb K‡i‡Qb| bvbvb K_vevZ©vq †mUv eyS‡Z cviZvg| wKš‘ †mB m¤úK© wb‡qI Rxe‡bi †klw`b ch©šÍ Am¤¢e ggZv †i‡L w`‡qwQ‡jb| Avgvi mvg‡bB AgZ©¨ †m‡bi †dvb G‡m‡Q| wK‡kvixi g‡Zv D”Qj n‡q DV‡jb| Kx Am¤¢e gvqvq, kÖ×vq Zuvi kix‡ii Lei wbw”Q‡jb| Zuvi †fZ‡i wkÿvi GKUv AvšÍRv© wZK Av‡jv wQj| †mB Av‡jvB Zuv‡K Ggb GKwU AvaywbK gbb w`‡qwQj| wPšÍv-†PZbvq Pvwc‡q †`Iqv †Kv‡bv ms¯‹vi, †Kv‡bv †Muvovwg †Kv‡bvw`b Zuv‡K Qy‡u Z cv‡iwb| wZwb Rxe‡bi mg¯Í Av¸b Qy‡u q †`‡L‡Qb| Av¸b Zuv‡K mvivUv Rxeb Zzgjy fv‡e †eu‡P _vKvi cvV w`‡q‡Q| Av¸b‡KI wZwb wkwL‡qwQ‡jb †Kv_vq wawK, †Kv_vq `vD`vD| r


kÖ ×v Ä wj

bebxZv †`e‡mb : RxebZ…òvi evZvqb

miKvi †mv‡nj ivbv

G

B †Zv †mw`b wQj mvZ ZvwiL| gv‡b 7 b‡f¤^i 2019| AvKv‡k †Zgb †gN wQj bv, nqwb †Kv‡bv e„wó| wKš‘ cÖej S‡ov nvIqvq mewKQy jÐfÐ K‡i w`‡q †Mj GK †gN| †h-†g‡Ni †Kv‡bv Bw½Z _v‡K bv, _v‡K bv †Kv‡bv ms‡KZ wKsev †Kv‡bv c~e©vfvm| g„Zz¨ bvgK †g‡Ni ZvЇe wbwðý n‡q †Mj evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i GK D¾¡j bÿÎ| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i AvKvk huvi Zvivq Zvivq f‡i D‡VwQj, c~Y© K‡i wQj cvV‡Ki ü`q Ñ wZwb Kwe `¤úwZ b‡i›`ª †`e I ivavivYx †`exi (AcivwRZv †`ex) GKgvÎ KweZv bebxZv †`e‡mb (13-01-1938Ñ07-11-2019)| GB KweZvB bvbv iƒ‡c, bvbv wP‡Î, bvbv aŸwb‡Z, bvbv Q‡›` †h-Aciƒc e¨Äbv ˆZwi K‡iwQj Zv cvVKgvÎB Rv‡bb| bvbv iƒ‡c, e‡Y©, M‡Ü Qwo‡q Av‡Q Zuvi eûwea cwiPq| we‡kl †Kv‡bv we‡kl‡Y †Zv euvav hvq bv Zuv‡K| Kwe, K_vwkíx, wPÎwkíx, Awf‡bZv, evwPKwkíx, cÖvewÜK, M‡elK, wek¦mvwn‡Z¨i cÖev`cÖwZg mgv‡jvPK, eyw×Rxex, msMVK, bvix‡bÎx Ñ †h-bv‡gB WvKzb Zuv‡K, †m-bv‡gB wZwb c~Y©| Z‡e wb‡Ri Kv‡Q Zuvi AvZ¥Z…wß Kwe wn‡m‡eB| bvbv gva¨‡g wj‡L‡Qb

wZwb| eûwea cwiPq Zuvi| wKš‘ †Kvb cwiP‡q wZwb Avbw›`Z wKsev cwiZ…ß Ñ Ggb cÖ‡kœi Dˇi wb‡RB e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvgvi cÖ_g cwiPq Avwg Kwe| Zvici Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í M‡`¨i cvovq P‡j G‡mwQ| M‡`¨ G‡m me iKg †jLv w`‡qB †Póv K‡iwQ| Z‡e cÖ_‡g nvZ w`‡q †ewi‡q‡Q KweZv| nq‡Zv Kwe wn‡m‡e cwiPq w`‡jB Lywk n‡Z cvwi|Õ KviY KweZv Zuvi Av‰kke m½x| KweZvB Zuvi cÖvY‡fvgiv| KweZv Zuvi i‡³, e‡Y©, M‡Ü| Zuvi cwi‡ek-cÖwZ‡ek mg¯ÍUvB Kve¨gq| wZwb wb‡RB wj‡L‡Qb, ÔGK Kwei M‡f© Avi Av‡iK Kwei Ji‡m Avgvi Rb¥| Aÿ‡ii RMrUvB hvi wf‡UgvwU, Nimsmvi, †m Avi KweZv wjL‡e bv †Kb| †hgb Avgvi Mv‡Q-Pov, e„wó‡Z †fRv, KvM‡Ri †bŠ‡Kv Mov, †Zgwb Avgvi KweZv †jLv| KweZv Avgvi Rxe‡b AvÿwiK A‡_©B mnR| GKv evwoi GKjv wkï, KweZv Avgvi ¯^fvem½x| Av‰kke|Õ gvby‡li Rxe‡b †hgb wbZ¨ Acwinvh© wKQy Kg© _v‡K, †Zgwb bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi Kv‡Q KweZv Zuvi cÖvZ¨wnK Rxe‡bi GKwU wbZ¨ Ask| Zuvi Rxeb Avi KweZv †hb G‡K Ac‡ii A½vw½| Kwe `¤úwZ b‡i›`ª †`e I ivavivYx †`exi Ôfvj-evmvÕ

55


bvgK evwoi GKgvÎ fv‡jvevmvi KweZv n‡jv bebxZv †`e‡mb| †mfv‡eB KweZvi Kv‡Q bebxZvi AvZ¥wb‡e`b Ñ ÔGB bvI|/ Avwg †Zvgvi|/ Zzwg ivL‡j AvwQ|/ bv ivL‡j, †bB|Õ †Kej AvZ¥wb‡e`b bq, mwZ¨Kvi A‡_© KweZvi m‡½B Zuvi emwZ| 1959 mv‡j cÖKvwkZ nq Zuvi cÖ_g Kve¨ cÖ_g cÖZ¨q| †mB cÖ_g cÖZ¨q †_‡KB KweZv Zuvi nvZ a‡i wQj| KweZvi c‡_ wZwb †nu‡U‡Qb `k‡Ki ci `kK| wKš‘ Kwe hLb M‡`¨i mfvq †M‡Qb, ZLb GKUzI cv U‡jwb| eis M‡`¨i mfvq M‡o‡Qb wbR¯^ Avmb| lv‡Ui `k‡Ki bKkvj Av‡›`vj‡b DËvj evsjv bvwo‡q w`‡qwQj Zuvi Kwegb‡K| †mB cUf‚wg‡ZB bebxZvi cÖ_g Dcb¨vm Avwg Abycg| KweZvi big Kjg mwi‡q ZLb †hb M‡`¨i aviv‡jv Z‡jvqvi| eqm n‡jI cÖwZev` K‡i †M‡Qb| K‡qK eQi Av‡M hLb gy³gbv mvwnwZ¨K‡`i Ici nvgjv n‡q‡Q, ZL‡bv wZwb M‡R© D‡VwQ‡jb| wPiw`b Zuvi †jLvq mgKv‡ji MÜ| Rxe‡bi D`&hvcb| KweZvi nvZ a‡iB Zuvi mvwnwZ¨KRxeb ïiæ| 1959 mv‡j cÖ_g KweZvi eB cÖ_g cÖZ¨q‡ZB KweZv †hb Qwe Gu‡KwQj| nvm‡Z nvm‡ZB ˆZwi K‡iwQ‡jb cÖY‡qi cvnvo : Ô†KD ejyK, bv ejyK, Zzwg me Rv‡bv|/ Zv †Kv_vI cvnvo Av‡Q/ †QvU K_v, eo K_v, †QvU `ytL, eo †e`bv/ me Qvwo‡q/ g¯Í GK nvwmi cvnvo/ GKw`b †mB cvnv‡o Ni euva‡ev †Zvgvi m‡½B/ †jv‡K ejyK, bv ejyK; Zzwg Rv‡bv|Õ bvwg Kwe `¤úwZ b‡i›`ª †`e I ivavivYx †`exi AšÍh©vgx wQ‡jb bebxZv| Kwe `¤úwZi Ôfvj-evmvÕi GKgvÎ Av‡jv wQ‡jb bebxZv| hZw`b wQ‡jb, wj‡L †M‡Qb| †jLv‡K KL‡bv ÔbvÕ e‡jbwb| Zuvi Rxeb Ry‡o wQj Rxe‡bi RqMvb| Zuvi †jLvq wQj Rxe‡bi D`&hvcb| Zuvi †jLv wQj evOvwji fv‡jvevmv| Zuvi Ôfvj-evmvÕi evwowU AvR duvKv; wKš‘ evOvwji fv‡jvevmvi eviv›`vq wZwb _vK‡eb wPiKvj|

`yB

bebxZv †`e‡mb GK eY©vX¨ Rxe‡bi AwaKvix wQ‡jb| AvÿwiK A‡_©B wZwb eY©vX¨ Rxebhvcb K‡iwQ‡jb| eis eY©vX¨ ej‡j cÖK…Z A‡_© GKUz Kg ejv nq| bebxZv †h-Rxeb hvcb K‡i‡Qb, †m-Rxeb †`v‡qj wKsev dwos‡qi bq, †m-Rxeb gvby‡li, Z‡e me gvby‡li bq| mKj gvby‡li cÖZ¨vwkZ wKsev Kvw•ÿZ wKš‘ hvwcZ bq| †m-A‡_© bebxZv Ck¦‡ii eicyÎ Ges AvÿwiK A‡_©B GK Hk¦‡h©i ivwb wQ‡jb| ZrKvjxb cÖZvckvjx I bvwg Kwe `¤úwZ b‡i›`ª †`e I ivavivYxi Ôfvj-evmvÕi evwo‡Z 1938 mv‡ji 13 Rvbyqvwi bebxZvi Rb¥| bebxZv bvgwU w`‡qwQ‡jb ¯^qs iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi| wKš‘ GB bv‡gi wel‡q GKwU †QvU Kvwnwb Av‡Q| bebxZv †`e‡mb wb‡RB †m-Kvwnwb D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb GK mvÿvrKv‡i| wZwb e‡j‡Qb, bvgUv wZwb cÖ_‡g w`‡qwQ‡jb Avgvi gv‡K, evevi m‡½ weev‡ni c‡i, wZwb bZzb Rxe‡b AvbxZv n‡jb, ZvB be-bxZv| wKš‘ gv AvVvk eQi ivavivYx bv‡g cwiwPZ †_‡K, Abf¨¯Í bZzb bvgwU MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| mweb‡q AÿgZv Rvwb‡qwQ‡jb Kwe‡K, Avkxe©v`UzKz wbw”Q, bvgwU bq| Zvi mvZ eQi c‡i, GKwU Awfgvbx wPwV wj‡L ÔDËivwaKvim~‡ÎÕ bebxZv bvg Avgv‡K Kwe ¯^ZtcÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡q Avkxe©v`x cvwV‡qwQ‡jb| Avwg ZLb wZb w`‡bi †g‡q| GB bvg Avgvi bv Pvwn‡Z cvIqv ab| †mvbvi PvgP gy‡L w`‡q huv‡`i Rb¥, bebxZv †mB cÖev`ev‡K¨i ivwb| ZvB †Zv eÜziv Zuvi cÖwZ Cl©vq ejZ, Ô†Zvi Rxe‡b gvSvgvwS wKQy †bB| meB Zzgyj, meB Zxeª| Zxeª myL, Zzgyj hš¿Yv|Õ gv‡qi Kv‡QB cov‡kvbvq nv‡ZLwo| ¯‹zj †Mv‡Lj

56

†g‡gvwiqvj| †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡jR †_‡K Bs‡iwR mvwn‡Z¨ mœvZK| hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K Zzjbvg~jK mvwn‡Z¨ cÖ_g †kÖwY‡Z cÖ_g n‡q gv÷vm© wWwMÖ AR©b| c‡i GB hv`ecy‡iB Zzjbvg~jK mvwn‡Z¨i cÖev`cÖwZg Aa¨vcK| msmvihvcb evOvwj †bv‡ejRqx A_©bxwZwe` AgZ©¨ †m‡bi m‡½ (1958-76)| nvf©vW© wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K cybivq wWw÷skbmn gv÷vm© wWwMÖ AR©b| Avi BwÛqvbv wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K wcGBP.wW AR©b| wKš‘ Gme cwiPq Zuvi Kv‡Q gvgywj| †Kej Kwe cwiPqwUB Zuvi AvZ¥Z…wß`vqK| Kwe cwiP‡qB Zuvi mKj myL| KweZv †jLv‡ZB Zuvi A›`i I A›`‡ii Avb›`| ZvB wZwb wj‡L‡Qb Ñ Ô†KvbI w`b †KvbI †jLv wj‡L g‡b nq bv h‡_ó fvj nj| Avwg †Zv cwÐZ bB| wb‡R‡K Avgvi Kwe g‡b nq| Kwe nIqvi †Póv Avwg Kie| hZw`b cvwi †Póv Kie|Õ cÖYg¨ HwZnvwmK Zcb ivq‡PŠayixi evOvjbvgv eB‡qi eivZ w`‡q ejv hvq, e¨w³ AvcbvAvcwb ¸iæZ¡c~Y© nq bv Ñ e¨w³‡K ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡q DV‡Z nq bvbv cÖwµqvi ga¨ w`‡q| e¨w³i Rb¥¯’vb, cwiev‡ii mvgvwRK-mvs¯‹…wZK-ivR‰bwZK-A_©‰bwZK cwigÐj, e¨w³i †e‡o IVvi bvbv cÖwµqv, cÖwZôvb, mvgvwRK m¤úK©, e¨w³i Kg©ZrciZv, Zvi †P‡qI eo K_v iv‡óªi euvKe`‡j IB e¨w³i f‚wgKv Ñ mg¯Í wKQyi mymgš^‡qB e¨w³ Zvi RvwZ-iv‡óª ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡q I‡V| †mw`K gv_vq †i‡L we‡ePbv Ki‡j Zcb ivq‡PŠayix-ewY©Z mg¯Í cÖwµqvB huv‡`i †ÿ‡Î cwic~Y©fv‡e weivR K‡i, bebxZv †`e‡mb Zuv‡`i Ab¨Zg| cvwievwiKfv‡e DËivwaKvim~‡Î cÖvß Ô†mvk¨vj cÖcvwU©Õ ej‡Z hv †evSvq Zv Ges Zuvi wb‡Ri AwR©Z Ávb, ÁvbZ m¤úK©, mvgvwRK-ivR‰bwZKA_©‰bwZK-mvs¯‹…wZK c`gh©v`v I Ae¯’vb Ges Zuvi Kg©ZrciZv †Kej RvwZ-iv‡óªi Rb¨ bq, wek¦Rbxb bvMwiK wn‡m‡eB Zuv‡K gwngvwš^Z K‡i †Zv‡j| Lye Kg gvby‡li Rxe‡bB Ggb my‡hvM _v‡K| †m-Kvi‡Y wZwb wb‡R‡K ÔeÇ fvM¨eZxÕ wn‡m‡eB g‡b K‡i‡Qb| bvwg Kwe `¤úwZ b‡i›`ª †`e I ivavivYxi GKgvÎ DËivwaKvim~‡ÎB Av‰kke jvf K‡iwQ‡jb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i cÖvq mKj i_xgnvi_x I gbxlxi †mœn, fv‡jvevmv I Avkxe©v`| iex›`ªbv_, bRiæj, eyׇ`e, myax›`ªbv_, †cÖ‡g›`ª, Awgq, weòz †`, b‡ik ¸nmn †K †h †bB Zv ejv gykwKj| wZwb wb‡RB D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb †m-m¤ú‡K© : evsjv KweZvi cÂvk eQ‡ii m‡½ Avgvi mvÿvr N‡UwQj †lv‡jv-m‡Z‡iv eQi eq‡mi g‡a¨B `ywU Avðh© M„‡ni Kj¨v‡Y| Ôfvj-evmvÕ Avi ÔKweZv-febÕ Avgv‡K †h my‡hvM G‡b w`‡qwQj, `yf©vMv Avwg Zvi wKQyB Kv‡R jvMv‡Z cvwiwb| gv-evevi Kv‡Q Avm‡Zb cÖg_ †PŠayix, wcÖq¤^`v †`ex, bRiæj, Kzgy`iÄb, Kvwj`vm ivq, hZxb evMPx †_‡K AwPšÍ¨, †cÖ‡g›`ª, AwRZ, eyׇ`e, Awgq PµeZx©, myfvl`v, AwgZvf †PŠayix, Aiwe›` ¸n, Avb›` evMPx, kir gy‡Lvcva¨vq, A‡jvKiÄb ch©šÍ| M`¨ †jLK‡`i K_v GLv‡b ejwQ bv| Avi ev`evwK‡`i m‡½ †`Lv n‡q‡Q ÔKweZv-febÕ-G Ñ myax›`ªbv_, AiæY miKvi, b‡ik ¸n, Zvivc`, cÖY‡e›`y, `xcK, †R¨vwZ| k¼zi (AwRZ `‡Ëi †gR †Q‡j) Kv‡QB `xcK, cÖY‡e›`y‡K cÖ_g †`wL| ZLb `xcK, A‡jvKiÄb, Avb›` evMPx, Aiwe›` ¸n ZiæY‡`i g‡a¨ cÖavb| k•L`vi, mybx‡ji, A‡jv‡Ki, KweZvw`i †jLvI Lye †Pv‡L co‡Q| A_©vr †mB iex›`ªbv_ †_‡K kÖxRvZ Ñ †K †bB Zuvi eÜz, ¯^Rb, mZx_©i ZvwjKvq! iv‡R¨i me©RbkÖ‡×q gyL¨gš¿x Kg‡iW †R¨vwZ emyI Zuvi Av‰kke cigRb I cÖwZ‡ekx| G †Zv †Kej ¯^‡`‡ki ZvwjKv| Avi ciev‡mI wZwb eÜz , ¯^ R b, mZx_© I wb‡`© k K


wn‡m‡e †c‡q‡Qb bvw`b MwW©gvi, †nv‡n© jyB †ev‡n©m, †Møvwiqv †bBji, A¨v‡jb wMÝevM©, ¸›Uvi MÖvm, R¨vK †`wi`v, Rv‡g©b wMÖqvi, wbg©jcÖfv ei`jB, Dg‡e‡Z©v G‡Kvmn eû Kwe-mvwnwZ¨KM‡elK-mgv‡jvPK-ZvwË¡K‡K| Avi Ab¨w`‡K wkÿKfvM¨B wK Kg? wZwb wj‡L‡Qb : †hgb evev-gv| †Zgwb me eÜz, Avi †Zgwb me ¸iæ †c‡qwQ e‡U! Avgvi †mŠfv‡M¨i ZvwjKvq GKwU cÖavb NUbv nj K‡qKRb mwZ¨Kv‡ii Kwe‡K wkÿK wn‡m‡e cvIqv| †Z‡iv-†Pv‡Ïv eQi eq‡m ï×mZ¡ emy Avgv‡K hZœ K‡i ms¯‹…Z fvlv I mvwnZ¨ †kLvb| ZuviB Drmv‡n ÔGKKÕ cwÎKvq Avgvi KweZv †eiæZ| wZwbB Avgv‡K †køvK iPbv Ki‡Z wkwL‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb, hvi d‡j Rb¥w`‡b I we‡qi Zvwi‡L †køv‡Ki ci †køvK wj‡L Avwg evev-gv-gvgv ccyqv‡K ab¨ K‡i w`‡qwQjyg K‡qK eQi| GB wkÿv c‡i bvbvfv‡e Kv‡R †j‡M‡Q evsjv KweZv †jLvq| eyyׇ`e, myax›`ªbv_, b‡ik ¸n, A‡jvKićbi Kv‡Q BD‡ivcxq, BswiwR I evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i K¬vm K‡iwQ| GKevi Awgq PµeZx©i Kv‡QI c‡owQjvg Av‡gwiKvq| Kwe‡`i m‡½ PvKwi Kwi| b‡ik`v, RMbœv_evey, cÖY‡e›`y, gvb‡e›`ª| Rb¥ †_‡KB Avgvi wbqwZ Avgv‡K Kwe‡`i Avq‡Ëi g‡a¨ †i‡L w`‡q‡Q| N‡i gv †Zv GKvB `yRb Kwe Ñ ivavivYx, AcivwRZv| Avwg KweZv wjLe, G‡Z Avgvi K…wZZ¡ Kx‡mi? K…wZZ¡ cwi‡e‡ki| KweZv †jLv wK Zvn‡j †Kej cwi‡e‡ki e¨vcvi? †gv‡UI bq| cwi‡ek hw` KweZv wjwL‡q wb‡Z cviZ, †Zv †mB cwi‡e‡ki mevB †Zv KweZv wjLZ Avi mevB †Zv Kwe n‡q †hZ| wKš‘ Zv

†Zv nq bv| Kwei Rb¨ `iKvi Kwegb| wbtkZ© GK gb Avi wbg©j gbb, hv nq‡Zv ˆZwi K‡i †`q cwi‡ek| ZvQvov e¨w³i cÖwZfv I mvabv `iKvi| GKvMÖ mvabv| Avcbv-Avcwb †Zv Avi cÖwZfv nvwRi n‡q hvq bv| `iKvi Abyf‡ei, `iKvi AbyiY‡bi| KviY ciÿ‡YB bebxZv wb‡RB e‡j‡Qb †h, ÔGZ`m‡Ë¡I GKwU KweZv wjL‡Z Avgvi mgq jv‡M A‡bK| cwikÖg nq cÖPzi| KweZv Kómva¨|Õ †mB Kómva¨ e¨vcvi‡K mv‡a¨i g‡a¨ Avb‡Z, KivqË Ki‡Z `iKvi nq `yM©g giæ cvivcv‡ii| e¨w³ Kwe‡KI mKj So-SÅv AwZµg Ki‡Z nq| gv‡S gv‡S †ivÏy‡i Vv-Vv n‡q hvq cÖvY| Rxe‡b †`Lv †`q g¯Í dvUj| Zey KweZvB Zuv‡K iÿv K‡i| mKj K¬vwšÍi gv‡S Av‡jvi cÖ‡jc w`‡Z cv‡i KweZv| bebxZvi ZvB fimv KweZv| KweZv bvgK cÖvY‡fvgivB Zuvi AvkÖq| Kwe ZvB †j‡Lb, ÔMv‡Qi wK K¬vwšÍ Av‡Q? MvQ ïay AvkÖq mvRvq|/ ZzwgI Ziæi g‡Zv, ZzwgI Z…‡Yi g‡Zv nI|/ `ytL ïay cyiæ‡li ÿZ Ñ/ Zzwg Zv‡Z †hŠe‡bi cÖ‡jc jvMvI|Õ

wZb

bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi eû cwiPq| Z‡e GKgvÎ KwecwiPq Qvov Zuvi Kv‡Q meB gvgywj| bebxZvi cÖvY-†fŠ‡MvwjK Aw¯Í‡Z¡i wVKvbv †KejB Kwe bebxZv| Avi GB cwiP‡qB †hgb cwiZ…ß, †Zgwb bv‡Qvo| KweZvi Rb¨B Zuvi mKj mvabv| KweZvi Rb¨ wZwb Qvo‡Z cv‡ib Kwe¸iæi KvQ †_‡K Ôbv Pvwn‡Z cvIqv abÕI| KviY KweZvB Zuvi me©mËv| me©gq cÖvY| wZwb †m-cÖm‡½ wj‡L‡Qb, GK-GKUv kã †QvU‡ejvq cÖvqB Avgv‡K Rv`y K‡i †djZ| iex›`ªbv‡_i †`Iqv n‡j Kx n‡e, bebxZv bvgUv

57


Avgvi GK`g cQ›` wQj bv| I‡Z †KvbI QweI †bB, evRbvI ev‡R bv| ¯‹z‡j hvevi c‡_ GKUv mvBb †evW© †`LZzg nvRivi †gv‡o Ñ exYvcvwY wecwY| mvivw`bB bvgUv Kv‡bi g‡a¨ ¸b¸b K‡i Mv‡bi g‡Zv evRZ| GKw`b eyw× K‡i Avgvi me LvZv-eB‡qi gjv‡U cyi‡bv bvg †K‡U w`‡q, bZzb bvg wjLjyg Kzgvix exYvcvwY wecwY †`e| KviY KweZvq Qwe Avi myi _vKv Acwinvh©| KweZvq me kã Qwei g‡Zv †`Lv hv‡e, k㸇jv aŸwbZ n‡q my‡ii m‡½ Zvj I j‡q iƒc cv‡e, Z‡eB †Zv KweZv| KviY KweZv †Zv e³…Zv bq, bq †Kv‡bv wee„wZ; KweZv n‡jv e¨Äbv| ZvB †Zv KweZvi AvKv‡kB wZwb †f‡m _vK‡Z Pvb AvRxeb : ÔR‡j ¯’‡j KvR †bB Ñ/ _vK ïay †ZR, giær, †e¨vg|/ gy‡Q hvK ¯Íb, KwU, KuvL, KzšÍj Ñ/ gy‡Q hvK nvwm AkÖæRj/ jyß †nvK †Zvi Rj ¯’j Ñ/ Avgvi AvKvk _vK‡eB|Õ wkíx GKmgq wbwðý n‡q hvq cÖK…wZi wbq‡g| wKš‘ wbwðý nq bv Zuvi m„wó| GLv‡bB mªóvi mv_©KZv| cÖK…wZi A‡gvN wbq‡gB m„wói m‡½ mªóvI †eu‡P _v‡K Kv‡j-KvjvšÍ‡i| Kwe bebxZv †`e‡mbI g‡b K‡ib c„w_exi ¯’j-Rj, †ZR, giær, †e¨vg, nvwm-Kvbœv, Avb›`-†e`bv meUvB gy‡Q hv‡e; i‡e †Kej Zuvi m„wói AvKvk| gnvKv‡ji wePv‡i mªóvi GB m„wóB i‡e wPiKvj| ZvB Kwei GKUvB cÖZ¨vkv ÔAvgvi AvKvk _vK‡eB|Õ Avi †mB AvKv‡k Kwe †`L‡Z Pvb Rxeb‡K, RMr‡K, cwi‡ek-cÖwZ‡ek‡K| Z‡e, me‡P‡q †ewk †`L‡Z Pvb wb‡R‡K| KviY wZwb wb‡RB g‡b K‡ib, ÔKweZv †Zv `c©Y, †`L‡Z Rvb‡j fvj KweZvq Rxe‡bi Qwe m¤ú~Y©B Luy‡R cvIqv hv‡e|Õ ïay ZvB bq| Zuvi g‡b nq, ÔKweZvi cÖ‡Z¨KwU jvB‡bB Kwei cvm‡cvU© mvBR †dv‡UvMÖvd AuvUv _v‡K|Õ Avi †mB d‡UvMÖv‡d mevi Av‡M Kwe wb‡R‡K †`L‡Z Pvb| Kwe hLb KweZvi mvg‡b `uvovb, ZLb Zuvi evwni-A›`i mg¯ÍUvB Qwe n‡q †f‡m I‡V ZuviB cÖwZwe‡¤^| ZvB Kwe bebxZv e‡jb, Ô`yÕGKUv gy‡Li mvg‡b `uvov‡Z cvwi bv/ g‡b nq gyL †avIqv †bB/ g‡b nq gy‡L eywS gqjv †j‡M Av‡Q/ †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv gy» gyL `c©‡Yi gZ ¯^”Q wKbv,/ †`Lv hvq ¯úóZ wb‡R‡KB Ñ/ wb‡Ri †P‡qI †ewk Kv‡Q|Õ bebxZv e¨w³Rxe‡b hZUv ¯úóev`x, Zvi †P‡q †Xi ¯úófvlx Zuvi Kv‡e¨| wZwb †hgb M‡R© I‡Vb mg¯Í ˆelg¨ Avi wbcxo‡bi wei‡×, †Zgwb Zuvi Kve¨ KL‡bv KL‡bv n‡q I‡V aviv‡jv Z‡jvqvi| wKš‘ gvbyl GZ †ewk wg_¨v e‡j †h, wg_¨v‡KB A‡bK mgq mZ¨ g‡b nq| gv‡S gv‡S †LB nvwi‡q †dj‡Z nq mZ¨ Avi wg_¨vi cÖ‡f‡`| Zey gvbyl wKš‘ gy‡L e‡j Ô†mvRvmvcUvÕ K_v| hLb gvby‡li fÐvwg cÖKvk cvq, gyL Avi gyLkÖx ¯úó n‡q I‡V, ZLb gvbyl mnmvB e‡j I‡V Ñ ÔRxeb GZ †mvRv bq|Õ wKš‘ Avm‡jB wK ZvB? bebxZv †mB †mvRvmvcUvi †fZi-evwni †LuvR K‡i‡Qb Zuvi KweZvq| Kwe e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvwg mvgvb¨ gvbyl/ Avwg wK K‡i †mvRv eje,/ †mvRv Pje? nuvU‡Z †M‡jB/ Wvb cvUv GKUz WvB‡b †n‡j c‡o/ euv cv-Lvbv euv‡q †n‡j hvq/ †mB †Q‡j‡ejv †_‡KB/ †Xi †Póv K‡i †`‡LwQ gkvB/ wKQy‡ZB bv‡Ki †mvRv nuvU‡Z cvwi‡b|/ G‡K wK Avcwb fÐvwg ej‡eb?/ Avgv‡K wK ej‡eb?/ `ygy‡Lv mvc?/ †`Lyb `v`v/ `y‡Uv wRwbm †Kej †mvRvmywR P‡j :/ Ñ AvKvk dzu‡o wewó,/ Ñ Avi Pÿz dzu‡o Rj|/ Avi, GKLvbv K_vB †Kej/ †mvRvmywR ejv hvq :/ Ñ wg‡_¨|Õ bebxZvi KweZvi me‡P‡q eo e¨vcvi n‡jv Qwe I Mvb| Zuvi cÖwZwU KweZvB †hb GK-GKwU Qwe| †f‡m I‡V Avgv‡`i `„wói mvg‡b, fvweZ K‡i gb‡K| Av‡›`vwjZ K‡i cÖvY‡K| Av‡iv

58

my›`ifv‡e nvwRi nq Zuvi Kv‡e¨i aŸwb| Avgv‡`i Kv‡b, g‡b, cÖv‡Y aŸwbZ nq GK myi| m‡¤§vwnZ K‡i cvVK‡K| Zuvi cÖwZwU KweZvi Muv_ywb GgbB †h, cÖ‡Z¨K kã †hb K_v Kq, Qwe n‡q dz‡U I‡V, Mvb n‡q †f‡m †eovq| Zuvi KweZvi kã Avi Q‡›`i wg‡kj GgbB Ac~e© †h, Lye mn‡RB wPwýZ Kiv hvq ÔbebxZvi KweZvÕ e‡j| bebxZvi Kv‡e¨i eû gvnv‡Z¥¨i GKwU n‡jv KweZvq ¯’vb I Kvj RxešÍ _v‡K; wKš‘ wbwj©ß bq| Kwe Avjv‡c kwiK n‡q K_v e‡jb, weZ‡K© wjß nb, AvNvZ K‡ib| meUv wgwj‡q Abvqv‡m ¯’vb I Kv‡ji mxgvbv AwZµg K‡i †d‡jb| †h-†Kv‡bv ¯’vb I Kv‡ji m‡½ wgwj‡q bebxZvi KweZv cov hvq| d‡j bebxZvi KweZvq mgKvj _v‡K wVK, Z‡e †m mgKvj wPiKv‡jiB GKwU Abe`¨ iƒc| mgKv‡ji MÜ Abvqv‡m gy‡Q w`‡q ¯’vb-Kv‡ji mxgvbv AwZµg Kivi cÖqvm A‡bK Kwei g‡a¨ cvIqv hvq; wKš‘ bebxZvi KweZvq Zv nvwRi _v‡K begwngvq| Zuvi KweZvq cvi¯úwiK Avjv‡ci †h-Xs Zv †h-†Kv‡bv Kwe †_‡K Avjv`v| IB †h ejjvg, Zuvi KweZvq weZ‡K© wjß _vKvi, weZK© Rvwi ivLvi, hyw³ nvwR‡ii †h-gybwkqvbv Zv m¤¢eZ evsjv KweZvq bebxZv‡K Kwe wn‡m‡e †¯^vcvwR©Z gy`ªvq wPwýZ Ki‡Z `viæYfv‡e KvR K‡i| ïay KweZv bq, Zuvi M‡`¨i †ÿ‡ÎI G-K_v mgfv‡e cÖ‡hvR¨| bebxZvi kã I ev‡K¨i wbg©vY‰kjx Ggb †h, Zv‡Z myi Avi Qwe AvcbvAvcwb G‡m hvq| cvVK‡K †Rvi K‡i Zuvi wPšÍb gw¯Í‡®‹i †Ljvq wbgw¾Z n‡Z nq bv| M‡`¨i †ÿ‡ÎI bebxZvi K_Kxq Xs Zuvi M‡`¨i †gRvR‡K ˆZwi K‡i| c~‡e©B e‡jwQ, bebxZvi mg¯Í †jLv‡ZB Qwe Avi Mvb †hb GKvKvi| G `y‡qi wg‡kj Lye Kg †jLKB eRvq ivL‡Z cv‡ib| me‡P‡q `viæYfv‡e dz‡U I‡V Zuvi ¯§„wZg~jK †jLv¸‡jv| †hgb, bUx bebxZv eB‡qi GKRvqMvq bebxZv wj‡L‡Qb, Z‡e Kx Rv‡bb, GLb Avi gb gv‡b bv| mvivUv RxebB †Zv bvbvb wewPÎ †iv‡j KvU‡Q| ewnfz©e‡b Avgvi †h f‚wgKv, Zvi m‡½ Avgvi AšÍ‡j©v‡Ki f‚wgKvwUi cÖvqB †hvM _v‡K bv| Kg©‡ÿ‡Î _vK‡Z nq gv÷v‡ii f‚wgKvq, A_P g‡b g‡b AvRI jv÷ †ew‡Z e‡m KvUvKzwU †LjwQ| N‡i _vK‡Z nq gvZ…‡Z¡i gwngvgwÐZ f‚wgKvq, A_P †hB iv¯Ívq Kv‡Pi ev·i †Mvjvwc eywoi Pz‡ji NwÈUv †e‡R I‡V, Kx euv`i bv‡Pi WzMWzwMUv Kv‡b Av‡m, Agwb Avgvi gb †`Š‡o P‡j hvq cy‡ei eviv›`vq| ey‡Ki †fZ‡i g‡b nq LyeB Riæwi WvK| hw`I _vwK Mvwoi w÷qvwi‡O, wKš‘ g‡b g‡b AvwQ c_Pvixi †iv‡jB| nq‡Zv †KvbIKv‡jB ÔbUx bebxZvÕ e‡j hvÎvi cvjv †jLv n‡e bv, †gvnbKzgvi†gvwnbxKzgvixiv gv_v Nvgv‡eb bv Avgvi bUx RxebwP·Yi K‡Vvi wkí‰kjx wb‡q| wKš‘ Muv‡q bv gvbyK, Avcwb wjL‡Z †Zv evav †bB? Ab¨iv †hgb K‡i bv wj‡LB †jLK nq, AvwgI †Zgwb K‡iB Awf‡bÎx n‡q hve| Av‡M ˆZwi †nvK Rxebx, c‡i n‡e Rxeb| GLb BwZnvm †Zv iPwqZvi nv‡Z| GB D×…Z AskUzKz †Lqvj Ki‡jB LvwbKUv nw`m cvIqv hv‡e bebxZvi M`¨ m¤ú‡K©| Zuvi M‡`¨ Qwe Avi Mvb †hgb _v‡K, †Zgwb _v‡K e¨½-†KŠZzK Avi †kø‡li e¨envi| Zuvi M‡`¨i Xs‡q †køl Ggbfv‡e nvwRi _v‡K †h Zv cvVK‡K AvNvZ K‡i, gb‡K K‡i RvMÖZ| M‡`¨i ˆkjx‡Z cvVKgvÎB Abyfe K‡ib GK ¯^v`| hv‡K Avgiv ewj my¯^v`y M`¨ Zvi mg¯Í ˆewkó¨B bebxZvi M‡`¨ nvwRi _v‡K| wKš‘ †Lqvj Kivi e¨vcvi n‡jv, Zuvi M`¨ Kvwe¨KZvq †gvnMÖ¯Í bq| Kwei Av‡e‡k wZwb M`¨ †j‡Lb bv| wZwb M`¨ †j‡Lb M`¨Kv‡ii gb‡b| †hgb, bUx bebxZv eB‡qi Av‡iK RvqMvq wZwb wjL‡Qb Ñ ÔA‡bKLvwb B‡”Qi m‡½


KwíZ; wKš‘ Avey mqx` AvBqy‡ei GKUzLvwb ¯§„wZ, A‡bKLvwb ¯^‡cœi g„Zz¨‡K Avwj½b wQj me‡P‡q my›`i g‡a¨ GK Pvg‡P mZ¨, Avwg‡Z¡i GB I Ac~e©| AvBqy‡ei Rxebm½x Av‡jv-Auvavwi‡ZB ˆZwi nq †mB †MŠix AvBqy‡ei eivZ w`‡q Zuvi Riæwi iPbvwU, hv Avcbv‡K GKK_ cig eÜz AviwZ †mb eY©bv K‡i‡Qb vq Avcwb-hv-n‡Z-Pvb Zv-B evwb‡q Zuvi g„Zz¨K Avwj½‡bi †mB gyn~‡Z©i w`‡Z cv‡i|Õ M`¨ m¤ú‡K© GiKg K_v : my¯^v`y I wkígq M`¨fvl¨ evsjv †MŠixi Kv‡Q ïbjvg †h wVK †Kvb mvwn‡Z¨ Lye †ewk †Pv‡L c‡o bv| gyn~‡Z© †h AvBqye wbtk‡ã †kl M‡`¨i wkíiƒc m¤ú‡K© wZwb wQ‡jb wbtk¦vm †d‡j‡Qb †KD Rvb‡Z IqvwKenvj| †h‡nZz wPÎ, Pjw”PÎ cv‡iwb| mKvj‡ejv †MŠix Zuvi Ges msMx‡Zi aviYv AwZ Aí gyL ayB‡q, Pzj AuvP‡o w`‡q, eq‡mB Zuv‡K BuP‡ocvKv K‡i‡Q, †iwWI Ly‡j w`‡q cv‡ki N‡i GKUz ZvB M‡`¨i fve, fvlv I wkíiƒc G‡mwQj| mKv‡j †cŠ‡b AvUUvq Lye mn‡RB n‡q‡Q Zuvi n¯ÍMZ| iex›`ªmsMx‡Zi Abyôvb AvBqye M`¨ I c‡`¨i dvivK m¤ú‡K©I wZwb wk‡íi mg¨K mËv m¤ú‡K© wbqwgZ ïb‡Zb| †mw`b Mvb nw”Qj †h m‡PZb Zv †Ui cvIqv hvq Zuvi : ÔGL‡bv †Nvi fv‡½ bv †Zvi †h, GK gšÍ‡e¨| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, ÔM‡`¨ bebxZvi aviYv †hgb cwi”Qbœ, bv †Zvi AuvwL Ñ KuvUvi e‡b hv wjwL, c‡`¨ Zv wjwL bv| GUv †Zgwb mxgve×Zv m¤ú‡K©I wZwb dz†g‡j Lye Riæwi| KweZvq gvbyl †Zv ZvB j dz‡U‡Q †`wLm‡b ZzB Zv wK|Õ cwi®‹vi| ZvB wZwb wjL‡Qb, wjL‡e, hv M‡`¨ wKQy‡ZB †jLv hvq †MŠix nvwmgy‡L N‡i G‡m ejj, bv? hv M‡`¨I †jLv m¤¢e, Zv M‡`¨B ÔAvZ¥Rxebx †jLvi Av‡M AvgviI Ôïb‡Qb, Avcbvi Rb¨ Kx Mvb †ewk ¸wQ‡q †jLv m¤¢e, G Avgvi n‡”Q? Gevi †PvL †gjybÕ; wKš‘ †PvL wek¦vm! KweZvq dzU‡e †Kej †mB DwPZ wQj evM&‡`exi Kv‡Q GKkwU Avi †gjj bv| Avgvi Lye wek¦vm wRnŸv, GKkwU `wÿYn¯Í cÖv_©bv Aaiv gvayix, hv M‡`¨ aiv †`q bv| hv Ki‡Z B‡”Q Kij †h MvbUv AvBqye Awbevh©fv‡e, weï×fv‡eB KweZvi|Õ Kiv Ñ hv‡Z AvZ¥¸YMv_v cÖPv‡ii ïbwQ‡jb| KuvUvi e‡b dzj †dvUvi A_©vr gbb I m„Rb, Avwe®‹vi I evZ©v wb‡qB wZwb P‡j †M‡Qb| Kx h_v‡hvM¨ Kíbvkw³ AR©b wbg©v‡Yi e¨vcviUv bebxZvi Kv‡Q Rvwb! AZ¨šÍ cwi”Qbœ| AvZ¥‡PZb Avi Giƒc g„Zz¨i AvKv•ÿv A‡b‡KiB Ki‡Z cvwi| M`¨ I c`¨ m¤^‡Ü Ggb cwi”Qbœ _v‡K, wKš‘ cvq KR‡b? Z‡e aviYvi Kvi‡YB †evanq Zuvi M‡`¨i bebxZv †`e‡mb †c‡q‡Qb, ejv im hyw³MÖvn¨ wKš‘ Av‡e`bgq, we‡køwlZ wKš‘ cÖvÄj, wPÎ I †h‡Z cv‡i, AvBqy‡ei †P‡qI my›`ifv‡e wZwb g„Zz¨‡K Avwj½b iƒcgq wKš‘ †køl I †KŠZzKgq| Zuvi M‡`¨i e¨½ cvV‡Ki gb‡K K‡i‡Qb| 7 b‡f¤^i mܨv mv‡o 7Uvi w`‡K hLb wZwb wb‡R‡K wZ³ bq, wi³ K‡i| bebxZvi GB M‡`¨i wkíiƒc †Lqvj Ki‡j c„w_ex †_‡K k~‡b¨i ey‡K †Q‡o w`‡qwQ‡jb, ZLb Zuvi Kb¨v g‡b n‡e Zuvi AvZ¥Rxebx †jLv `iKvi| †Kbbv, AvZ¥Rxebx iex›`ªmsMxZ MvBwQ‡jb, hv‡Z wZwb Avb‡›`i m‡½ g„Zz¨‡K eiY iPbvi †ÿ‡Î Gme Dcv`vb Kvh©Kifv‡e nvwRi _vK‡Z nq; wKš‘ K‡i wb‡Z cv‡ib| bebxZvi †g‡q b›`bv †`e‡mb e‡jb, ÔMZ bebxZv bvivR| KviY wk‡íi mg¨K mËv m¤ú‡K© Zuvi aviYv K‡qKw`b a‡iB gv Amy¯’ wQ‡jb| Z‡e gv‡qi g‡bi †Rvi Lye †hgb cwi”Qbœ, †Zgwb mxgve×Zv m¤ú‡K©I wZwb cwi®‹vi| ZvB †ewk| Zv wb‡q Amy¯’Zvi m‡½ hy× KiwQ‡jb| MZKvj gv‡qi bebxZv wjL‡Qb, ÔAvZ¥Rxebx †jLvi Av‡M AvgviI DwPZ wQj Aw·‡Rb K‡g AvmwQj, evBcvd I †beyjvBRvi w`w”Qjvg evM&‡`exi Kv‡Q GKkwU wRnŸv, GKkwU `wÿYn¯Í cÖv_©bv Kiv Avgiv| GKmgq w`w` Avi Avwg Mvb MvB‡Z ïiæ Kijvg| Ñ hv‡Z AvZ¥¸YMv_v cÖPv‡ii h_v‡hvM¨ Kíbvkw³ AR©b Ki‡Z †`Ljvg, Mvb †kvbvi ci gvÕi Aw·‡Rb GKUz evo‡Q| gvÕi cvwi| Zv hLb cvwiwb, †bnvr msKxY© mwZ¨ K_v wj‡L, G hvÎvq gv_vUv Avgvi ey‡KB wQj| gv Mvb ïb‡Z ïb‡ZB P‡j †M‡jb|Õ ÔbUx bebxZvÕ nIqvi m¤¢vebv †eva nq dm‡KB †Mj|Õ bUx †h-gvbylwU R‡b¥i ci ï‡bwQ‡jb iex›`ªmsMxZ, Avi ˆkk‡e bebxZv nIqvi m¤¢vebv dm‡K †M‡jI wkíx bebxZv †h GK †QvULyKzi †Pv‡L Nyg AvbZ ivavivYx †`exi iex›`ªmsMxZ Ñ Ac~e© gwngvq wPwÎZ n‡q‡Qb Zuvi me MÖ‡š’i cvZvq cvZvq, Ô†Zvgvi myi ïbv‡q †h Nyg fvOvI †m Nyg Avgvi igYxq ÑÕ mg¯Í cO&w³gvjvq| †mB wk‡íi gvayh© Ggwb †h, Zvi AZ…wßnxb wKsev ÔAvgvi gb †P‡q iq g‡b g‡b †n‡i gvayix,Õ †mB Rb¥ evZvqb Z…òv e‡q †h‡Z B‡”Q K‡i Rxe‡bi ci Rxeb| †_‡K Avg„Zz¨ iex›`ªmsMx‡Zi m‡½ huvi emwZ, huvi i‡³i wkivq wkivq iex›`ªmsMxZ, †mB gvby‡li g„Zz¨eiY Ac~e© n‡e, †mUvB †Zv ¯^vfvweK| ZvB †Zv Ôfvj-evmvÕi Ni‡K k~b¨ K‡i iex›`ªmsMxZ m‡½ wb‡qB †klhvÎvq bebxZv| Zvn‡j wK Kwe Av‡MB cÖ¯‘Z Pvi evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i Ab¨Zg †kÖô iex›`ª-mgv‡jvPK, fveyK, †jLK wQ‡jb Zuvi g„„Zz¨‡K wb‡q? wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, Ômgq n‡q‡Q ey‡S nVvr I `vk©wbK Avey mqx` AvBqy‡ei mg¯Í Rxe‡bi mvabvB wQj bv-e‡j/ †Uªb †_‡K †b‡g hv‡ev cÖ¯‘wZwenxb|/ Uzc K‡i SÕ‡i iex›`ªm„wói be be †mŠ›`‡h©i AbymÜvb| iex›`ªbv‡_i MxZvÄwj hv‡ev cÖZxÿvq meyR gvwU‡Z/ †k¦Z ïå AvgjKxi d‡ji gZb cv‡Vi gy»Zvq wk‡LwQ‡jb evsjv fvlv| mvabv K‡i †M‡Qb evsjv Ñ/ A_ev, †K Rv‡b, nq‡Zv i³viw³, wePz¨Z wkgy‡j|Õ Kwei mvwn‡Z¨i| iex›`ªbv_ Zuvi mvwn‡Z¨ bvbv iƒ‡c, bvbv †mŠ›`‡h© g„Zz¨‡K ei‡Yi †h-Av‡qvRb, †h-cÖ¯‘wZ, Zv‡Z mn‡RB Abyfe Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb g„Zz¨fvebv‡K| iex›`ªbv‡_i g„Zz¨fvebv wQj Kiv hvq Zuvi †mŠ›`h©‡ev‡ai aib m¤ú‡K©| Kwei AvZ¥‡mŠ›`h©

59


I Kve¨‡mŠ›`‡h©i wg‡k‡j m„wó n‡q‡Q g„Zz¨‡K Avwj½‡bi GK Aciƒc b›`b| Z‡e mg¯Í †mŠ›`h© _vKv m‡Ë¡I Kwei fq Ab¨ Lv‡b| KweZv Zuvi AšÍivZ¥v, KweZvB Zuvi AšÍh©vgx| ZvB Kwei fq KweZv Qvov Kxfv‡e _vK‡eb wZwb| Kwe wj‡L‡Qb, Ôfq Ki‡Q| g‡b n‡”Q/ G gyn~Z© eywS mZ¨ bq| Quy‡q _v‡Kv/ k¥kv‡b †hgb _v‡K †`n Quy‡q GKvšÍ/ ¯^Rb/ GB nvZ, GB bvI nvZ|Õ Kwei †kl gyn~‡Z©I Quy‡q wQj Zuvi ¯^Rb bq Ñ cigRb, Zuvi KweZv| KviY Kwe †Kv‡bv wKQz‡KB fq †c‡Zb bv| fq †c‡Zb †Kej KweZvnxb Rxeb| Kve¨nxb Rxeb Kwei Kv‡Q me‡P‡q †e`bvgq, me‡P‡q Kó`vqK| ZvB wZwb wj‡LwQ‡jb : AvRb¥ GKjv N‡i †h gvbyl, †m GKvwK‡Z¡ fq cvq bv| wKš‘ Rvwb GKw`b eqm n‡e, e¨vwai cÖZvc AviI evo‡e, ÿgZv wb‡e hv‡e, duvKv n‡q hv‡e ˆeVKLvbv Ni| eva©‡K¨I wbtm½Zv‡KI Avwg fq Kwi bv, Avgvi GKUvB fq, KweZv †hb Avgv‡K †klw`‡b cwiZ¨vM bv K‡i| †m wbtm½Zv cÿvNv‡Zi g‡Zv; †m eo fqvbK n‡e| KweZv Avgvi bvoxi m‡½ Rov‡bv KePKzšÍj| KweZv Avgvi Awfgvb, Avgvi cÖv_©bv, Avgvi wbtm½Zv, Avgvi m½, Avgvi c~Y©Zv, Avgvi AZ…wß| KweZvB mZ¨ A‡_© †mB ÔweRb Rxeb wenvixÕ| Rxe‡bi Mn‡b †h weRb Rxeb †mLv‡b †h Qvqvgq Abyf‡ei †Mvcb mÂvi, Zvi AbyiYbUzKzI ¯^Q‡›` a‡i †di‡Z †h cv‡i †mB cig duv‡`i bvg KweZv| KweZvB huvi Rxe‡bi mg¯Í AbyiYb, KweZv huvi c~Y©-Ac~Y©Zvi bqbgwY, KweZv Zuv‡K Qvo‡e Kxfv‡e| KweZv Zuv‡K Qv‡owb, wZwb fq‡K K‡i‡Qb Rq| KviY KweZv †Zv Zvui Ôbvoxi m‡½ Rov‡bv KePKzšÍj|Õ Zey Kwe wj‡L‡Qb Ñ ÔRq bq, civRq bq/ eis n‡q‡Q gyw³/ Kx `iKvi i‡Y?/ ZzB _vK wcZ…cyiæ‡li †Kv‡j/ wbf©vi, wb`vq Ñ/ ZzB _vK AbšÍ †hŠe‡b|Õ †mB gyw³B Kwe jvf K‡iwQ‡jb Zuvi KweZvi gva¨‡g| KweZvB Zuv‡K K‡i‡Q cwiZ…ß, KweZvB w`‡q‡Q gyw³| wZwb mg¯Í fq‡K Zz”Q Ki‡Z cv‡ib †Kej KweZv Qvovi fq Qvov| KviY KweZv Zuvi †eu‡P _vKvi GKgvÎ nvwZqvi| †eu‡P _vKvi GKgvÎ Aej¤^b| mKj wec‡`-Avc‡` GKgvÎ AvkÖq`vZv wKsev cigwbf©iZvi Kgj ¯’vb n‡jv KweZv| wZwb wb‡RB e‡j‡Qb †m-K_v : wKš‘ Rxe‡bi D”Q¡v‡m KweZv †f‡m wM‡qwQj| wjLZzg bv Zv †Zv bq, wKš‘ Lye Aí| †mRb¨ `ytL wQj, wQj wK? wQj bv| ÔGKUv Rxeb fvO‡Z fvO‡Z Ab¨ Rxeb MowQ bv wK?Õ GZB †bgKnvivg Avwg †h, Rxeb Avi KweZvi g‡a¨ GKwU‡K †e‡Q wb‡Z ej‡j cÖ‡Z¨KeviB eje Ñ ÔRxeb PvB|Õ hw`I †ek Rvwb Rxeb wek¦vmNvZK, †kl AvkÖq KweZvB| KweZv VKvq bv| †RvqvifvUvi kvmb bv †g‡b Rxeb hLb DÏvg Rj¯Í¤¢ n‡q Avgv‡K Zwj‡q w`‡Z G‡m‡Q, ZLb †Zv Qy‡U †MwQ KweZviB `vjvb‡KvVvq| AvkÖq †c‡qwQ| †eu‡P †MwQ| ZvB KweZvi m‡½ Kwei KL‡bv wek¦vmf½ nqwb| G‡K Ac‡ii m‡½ KL‡bv K‡iwb †eBgvwb| ZvB wek¦vmNvZK gvbyl ïay bq, giYe¨vwa K¨vÝviI hLb Zuv‡K Zwj‡q w`‡Z G‡m‡Q, ZL‡bv KweZv‡K AvkÖq K‡iB Kwe ûsKvi w`‡q‡Qb| Rxe‡bi †kl gyn~Z©‡Z G‡mI Kwe ZvB wj‡L‡Qb, ÔAvgvi wK Zvjv-fvOv `iRvi/ Afve Av‡Q?/ Avgvi †Zv/ ü`Kgj †_‡K k¦vmKgj Ñ/ me `iRvB Ava‡Lvjv| †Zv/ GB KK©UKg‡ji GZ/ gvZeŸwi Kx‡mi? jvwV‡muvUv/ GKUz †ewk Av‡Q e‡j?Õ bebxZv Rxeb‡K †`‡L‡Qb Mfxifv‡e, Mfxi †_‡K| Rxe‡bi cÖwZ Zuvi myMfxi †cÖg| ZvB †Zv Zuvi mvwnZ¨ †hb Rxe‡bi

60

D`&hvcb| mvwn‡Z¨i c‡_ †nu‡U‡Qb wZwb AvRxeb| mvwnZ¨ Avi Rxeb †hb GKvKvi| mvwnZ¨B Zuvi Rxe‡bi m¤^j| †jLvB †hb Zuvi cÖvYkw³| wcÖq mvwnwZ¨‡Ki cÖwZ Avgv‡`iI wb‡e`b GKwU Mvb| KviY Mv‡bi †fZi w`‡qB Zuvi wek¦cÖK…wZ‡Z cÖ‡ek I wbt‡kl| †mB MvbB †nvK Kwei cÖwZ Avgv‡`i webgª kÖ×vi ¯§viK| Zuvi K_v ¯§i‡Y AvcbvAvcwb ¸ÄwiZ nq iex›`ªbv‡_i cO&w³gvjv Ñ ÔevYx †gvi bvwn,/ ¯Íä ü`q weQv‡q Pvwn‡Z ïay Rvwb\/ Avwg Agvwefveix Av‡jvnviv,/ †gwjqv AMY¨ Zviv/ wbõj Avkvq wbt‡kl c_ Pvwn\/ Zzwg h‡e evRvI euvwk myi Av‡m fvwm/ bxieZvi Mfx‡i wenŸj ev‡q/ wb›`ªvmgy`ª cviv‡q|/ †Zvgvi my‡ii cÖwZaŸwb †Zvgv‡i w`B wdiv‡q,/ †K Rv‡b †m wK c‡k Ze ¯^‡cœi Zx‡i/ wecyj AÜKvi evwn\Õ

cuvP

bebxZv Qy‡U †ewo‡q‡Qb Rxe‡bi G‡jv‡g‡jv ZvwM‡`, euvPvi Lywk‡Z| ZvB Zuvi mvwnZ¨ gv‡b Rxe‡bi RqMvb| Rxe‡bi D™¢vmY| Rxeb Avi wkí †hb nv‡Z nvZ †i‡L P‡j‡Q| Zuvi iPYvq cvVK Luy‡R cvq AvZ¥vbymÜv‡bi AeKvk, AvZ¥-Abykxj‡bi AeKvk, AvZ¥-Ae‡jvK‡bi AeKvk| Avi wZwb Luy‡R‡Qb mü`q ü`qms‡e`x cvVK| KviY wZwb g‡b K‡ib, †jLv GKevi cÖKvwkZ n‡q †M‡jB †jL‡Ki Avi †Kv‡bv cÖfzZ¡ _v‡K bv| ZLb †m-†jLv n‡q hvq cvV‡Ki m¤úwË| Avi †mB cvV‡Ki fv‡jvevmvB bebxZvi GKgvÎ cÖZ¨vkv| ZvB wZwb g‡b K‡ib, Ôwj‡L BwZnvm n‡q hve Ggb Avkv Kwi bv| wKš‘ hw` GK gyn~‡Z©i R‡b¨I AviI GKRb gvby‡li ü`‡q MÖvn¨ nq Avgvi †jLv, Zv‡K gMœ K‡i iv‡L, Zv‡ZB Avwg ab¨, K…Z-K…Zv_©| GBUzKzB Avgvi †jvf|Õ Zuvi Kg© i‡e evOvwji g‡b I cÖv‡Y| evsjv fvlv I evOvwj hZw`b _vK‡e, ZZw`b i‡e bebxZv †`e‡mb| mvwn‡Z¨i mgMÖ mËvq wZwb †h Ac~e© wkí m„wó K‡i‡Qb, †mB wk‡íi gvayh© Ggwb †h Zuvi AZ…ß Z…òvi evZvqb e‡q †h‡Z B‡”Q K‡i Rxe‡bi ci Rxeb| Avi mü`q ü`qms‡e`x cvV‡Ki g‡b wZwb †eu‡P _vK‡eb AbšÍKvj ZuviB KweZvi g‡Zv K‡i Ñ ÔNy‡gi Mfx‡i Av‡iv bxj Ny‡g/ bxjZi ¯^‡cœi evMv‡b/ bÿ‡Îi wfZi evwo‡Z, jxjvgq/ Av‡Mœq cy‡®úi g‡a¨/ dYv †Zvjv †e¸bx njy‡` †Nvi jv‡j/ KzÐwjZ Zvgª-k¨v‡g/ avZe dzjSzwi n‡q/ †cuŠ‡Q †MQ myw¯’i ¯^‡`‡k/ wPi wbivc`|Õ

mnvqKcwÄ

AviwZ †mb (2007), ÔAvey mqx` AvBqye ¯§i‡YÕ, AvBqye : ¯§iYMÖš’, gyn¤§` mvBdzj Bmjvg-m¤úvw`Z, †`ÕR cvewjwks, KjKvZv| Zcb ivq‡PŠayix (2016), evOvjbvgv, Avb›` cvewjkvm©, KjKvZv| bebxZv †`e‡mb (1366), bebxZv †`e‡m‡bi †kÖô KweZv, †`ÕR cvewjwks, KjKvZv| bebxZv †`e‡mb (2017), bUx bebxZv, Avb›` cvewjkvm©, KjKvZv| bebxZv †`e‡mb (2015), ÔPU K‡i †jLv wKQy gvby‡li ü`‡q †cuŠQvq bvÕ (mvÿvrKvi MÖnY : Avngv` gvhnvi), wkímvwnZ¨ mvgwqKx, ˆ`wbK cÖ_g Av‡jv, m¤úv`K : gwZDi ingvb, 27 †deªæqvwi, ïµevi; XvKv| my‡`òv emy (2012), mvÿvrKvi : bebxZv †`e‡mb, eB‡qi †`k, m¤úv`K : nl© `Ë, RyjvB-†m‡Þ¤^i, el© 8, msL¨v 3, KjKvZv| r


cÖ e Ü

AveyeKi wmwÏK : eûgyLx cÖwZfvi cÖwZf‚ †gvnv¤§v` RqbyÏxb

ev

sjv mvwnZ¨fze‡b AveyeKi wmwÏK ¯^ív‡jvwPZ, A_P eûgyLx cÖwZfv¸‡Y mg„× GK we‡kl mvwnZ¨e¨w³Z¡| cÖvq mËi eQi hver mvwnZ¨PP©vq Zuvi kÖg I mvabv Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨fzeb‡K K‡i‡Q mg„×| mgvRRxebgb¯‹ I Avw½K wbixÿvq Kzkjx wkíx AveyeKi wmwχKi eZ©gvb MÖš’msL¨v cÖvq Aa©kZK| m¯Ív RbwcÖqZvi Rb¨ wZwb †j‡Lb bv| `xN© mgqcwiµgvq Zuvi MÖš’msL¨v Kv‡iv `„wó‡Z AcÖZzj bq, ¸YMZ gvb`‡ÐI Zv mvd‡j¨i kxl©we›`y¯úkx©| KL‡bv ¯^”Q Ges †Rviv‡jv fw½‡Z, KL‡bv cÖ”Qbœfv‡e, wKsev cÖZxKx-cÖ‡qv‡M M‡o I‡V Zuvi mvwn‡Z¨i †gŠj welq Avi Avw½‡K cwijwÿZ nq wfbœgvwÎK AwfÁZv I wbixÿvi wkwíZ cÖKvk| mvwn‡Z¨i me kvLvq i‡q‡Q Zuvi ¯^”Q›` I mdj wePiY| wZwb AR©b K‡i‡Qb me¨mvPx †jL‡Ki `yj©f Awfav| AveyeKi wmwÏK 1934 wLªóv‡ãi 19 AvM÷ (2 fv`ª 1341) †iveevi ev‡MinvU †Rjvi †MvUvcvov MÖv‡g gvZzjvj‡q Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| Zuvi wcZ…wbevm GKB †Rjvi ˆeUcyi MÖvg| wcZv gwZqi ingvb cv‡Uvqvix wQ‡jb miKvwi PvKz‡i, Avi M„wnYx gvZvi bvg gwZwewe| wcZvi PvKwim~‡Î 1935 †_‡K ûMwj kn‡i Ges 1943 †_‡K wZwb ea©gv‡b emevm K‡ib| evj¨Kvj †_‡KB cov I †jLvi cÖwZ Zuvi cÖej †SuvK cwijwÿZ nq| 1946-G wZwb hLb cÂg †kÖwYi QvÎ, ZLb ea©gvb †Rjv Ks‡MÖ‡mi mvaviY m¤úv`K Ave`ym mvËvi-m¤úvw`Z ea©gv‡bi K_v cwÎKvq Zuvi cÖ_g KweZv gyw`ªZ nq| mvZPwjø‡ki †`kfv‡Mi c‡ii eQi Zuviv ¯^‡`‡k wd‡i Av‡mb| wkÿvbyivMx wcZv AveyeKi wmwÏK‡K ev‡MinvU gva¨wgK miKvwi D”P we`¨vj‡q fwZ© K‡i †`b| †mLvb †_‡K wZwb 1952 wLªóv‡ã gva¨wgK, ev‡MinvU miKvwi wcwm K‡jR †_‡K 1954 wLªóv‡ã D”Pgva¨wgK Ges GKB K‡jR †_‡K 1956-†Z mœvZK cixÿvq DËxY© nb| AZtci wZwb XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q evsjv wefv‡M fwZ© nb Ges 1958 wLªóv‡ã mœvZ‡KvËi wWwMÖ AR©b K‡ib| wkÿvRxeb †kl Kivi ciciB ïiæ nq Zuvi wkÿKZv †ckv| ch©vqµ‡g wZwb PvLvi dRjyj nK

61


K‡jR, †`ŠjZcyi weGj K‡jR, Kzwóqv K‡jR, ev‡MinvU wcwm K‡jR Ges ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡q Aa¨vcbv K‡ib| 1994 wLªóv‡ãi 7 RyjvB ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡q evsjv wefv‡Mi mn‡hvMx Aa¨vcK wn‡m‡e wZwb Aemi MÖnY K‡ib| Gici KzBÝ BDwbfvwm©wU Ges XvKvi bUi †Wg K‡j‡R Aa¨vcbviZ wQ‡jb| wZwb me©`v †jLv‡jwL‡Z wbgMœ wQ‡jb| eZ©gv‡b kvixwiK Amy¯’Zvi Kvi‡Y †m-†jLvi MwZI K‡g †M‡Q| AveyeKi wmwχKi mvwnZ¨m„wó I wkí`„wó we‡kølY Ki‡j †`Lv hvq, mvwnZ¨v‡gv`x wcZvi Kg©m~‡Î Zuvi evj¨Kvj †K‡U‡Q cwðge‡½ Avi Rb¥f‚wg `wÿY evsjvi ev‡Minv‡U AwZevwnZ n‡q‡Q ˆK‡kvi, ZviæY¨ I Kg©Rxe‡bi A‡bKUv mgq| `y-`k‡Ki AwaKKvj ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡q Aa¨vcbvi myev‡` †MvUv DËie½ Ae‡jvKb‡k‡l wZwb ivRavbx XvKvi RbRxeb †_‡K cvV †bb| eZ©gv‡b wZwb Lyjbvq emevm Ki‡Qb| `yB evsjvi evNv evNv mvwnwZ¨‡Ki m‡½ nvw`©K m¤úK© Ges we‡k¦i eogv‡ci wecyj mvwnZ¨cvV Zuvi AwfÁZvi cyuwR‡K K‡i‡Q AwaK mg„×| Z…Yg~j gvby‡li MfxiZg Zj‡`k †_‡K weËevb wejvmxRxe‡bi LyuwUbvwU Zuvi bL`c©‡Y| e¨w³Rxe‡bI Zuv‡K eû SoSvcUv †cvnv‡Z n‡q‡Q| `xN© GB e¨w³K, Av_©mvgvwRK I ivwóªK cwiµgv Ges wkí-`k©‡bi wbh©vm Zuvi mvwnZ¨fze‡b cÖwZdwjZ nq| AvaywbK evsjv KweZvi gbbkxj Kwe AveyeKi wmwχKi eZ©gvb Kve¨MÖ‡š’i msL¨v AvVv‡ivwU : aej `y‡ai ¯^iMÖvg (1969), wewb`ª Kv‡ji †fjv (1976), †n †jvKmf¨Zv (1984), gvbyl †Zvgvi weÿZ w`b (1986), †ng‡šÍi †mvbvjZv (1988), wbR¯^ GB gvZ…fvlvq (1397), Kv‡jv Kv‡jv †gnbZx cvwL (2000), KsKv‡j AjsKvi w`‡qv (2001), k¨vgj hvhvei (2000), gvbe nv‡oi wng I we`y¨Z (2002), gbxlv‡K †W‡K †W‡K (2002), Avgvi hZ i³‡duvUv (2002), †kÖô KweZv (2002), KweZv †Kveªvgvjv (2005), e„wói K_v ewj ex‡Ri K_v ewj (2006), GBme åƒYkm¨ (2007), evfx (2008), b`xnviv gvby‡li K_v (2008) BZ¨vw` Ges QovMÖš’ : nÆgvjv (2001)| Gme Kve¨iPbvi cvkvcvwk wZwb µgvMZ wbg©vY K‡i P‡j‡Qb Awebvkx MYmsMxZ, Mí, Dcb¨vm, cÖeÜ, ¯§„wZK_v I RxebxMÖš’| mvgwMÖK mvwnZ¨fze‡b Zuvi wkígvbm Awfbœ cÖZxqgvb n‡jI cÖwZwU kvLvB Avevi ¯^vZš¿¨gwÐZ| e¯‘Z wel‡qi fvi I iPbvi avi wg‡jB Zuvi mvwnZ¨m¤¢vi, hv Kv‡jvËxY© nIqvi †hvM¨Zvc~Y©| mgKvj cwÎKvq KweZv Qvcv n‡j AveyeKi wmwχKi cwikxwjZ I ¯^vZš¿¨gwÐZ Kve¨m„wó cvV‡Ki g‡bv‡hvM AvK…ó K‡i| Zuvi cÖ_g MÖš’ aej `y‡ai ¯^iMÖvg| `y‡ai is ïå, Zv‡K cybivq we‡kwlZ Kiv n‡q‡Q ÔaejÕ mshy³ K‡i; hv ï×Zvi cÖZxK wn‡m‡e M„nxZ| Avi `ya bvbv ¸‡Y ¸Yvwš^Z, R‡b¥i m~Pbvj‡Mœ Rxebiÿvi cÖavbZg Lv`¨ Ñ Aw¯Í‡Z¡i DcKiY| gvZ…`y» †hb gvZ…f‚wgmg| Aciw`‡K Ô¯^iMÖvgÕI n‡”Q Aw¯Í‡Z¡i K_b| ZvB aej `y‡ai ¯^iMÖvg wk‡ivbv‡gi AšÍ‡i i‡q‡Q ¯^‡`kcÖxwZi wkwíZ cÖKvk| A_©vr gv-gvwU-gvby‡li Kve¨K_vq mg„× I wk‡íi euva‡b F× aej `y‡ai ¯^iMÖvg| Kve¨MÖš’wUi Rb¥ÿ‡Y G‡`‡ki gvbyl cvwK¯Ív‡bi `ytkvmb †_‡K gyw³i R‡b¨ msMÖv‡g HK¨e×| G-j‡ÿ¨ Kwei †PZbv AwaK mwµq Ñ ¯^fvlv, ¯^Rb I ¯^‡`‡ki Rb¨ `vqe× Ges ZviB cÖwZdj‡b mg„× eZ©gvb MÖš’| `ywU PiY ¯§iY‡hvM¨, Ô¯^‡`‡ki b`b`x Avgv‡`i agbx‡Z eq/ ¯^‡`‡ki bxjvKv‡k Avgv‡`i †kl wbtk¦vm|Õ (Ô¯^‡`‡ki bvgÕ)

62

wewb`ª Kv‡ji †fjv Kve¨MÖš’wU †`k Avi gvby‡li cÖwZ fv‡jvevmvi g~j †_‡K DrmvwiZ| †n †jvKmf¨Zvi cÖavb myi ivR‰bwZK †PZbv| lv‡Ui `k‡Ki MYAv‡›`vjb I GKvˇii gyw³hy‡× wb‡ew`Z jvL jvL knx‡`i i‡³ AwR©Z mv‡ai ¯^vaxbZv PwiÎnxb ivRbxwZi Là‡i c‡o e¨_©Zvi cvjøv fvix nq| †`k‡cÖwgK Kwei we‡eK‡K Zv bvov †`q| wZwb †Rviv‡jv cÖkœ K‡ib Ñ ÔG †Kvb& †`k G‡jv GLb?/ kqZvb b`x Rj Quy‡o gyL eÜ K‡i `¨vq|/ ix ix ivZ ev‡o, KzÿY e‡ov KzÿY!/ †K †Kv_vq Av‡Qv †n? Kx fv‡e †eu‡P Av‡Qv?Õ (ÔAhvÎvÕ) Kv‡jv Kv‡jv †gnbZx cvwLi KweZvmg~‡ni welqI MYAv‡›`vjb Ges kÖgRxex gvbyl| gvbyl †Zvgvi weÿZ w`b Kv‡e¨ AveyeKi wmwÏK gvbeRxe‡bi †cÖgvbyf‚wZ e¨³ K‡ib| Kwe Rv‡bb †cÖ‡gi mv_©KZv, e¨_©Zv, gayiZv I wZ³Zv wbf©i K‡i cvwicvwk¦©K Ae¯’v Ges gvby‡li m„ó mgvRe¨e¯’vi Ici| †cÖgcÖZ¨vkx, kvwšÍwcÖq gvby‡li myw`b ÿZweÿZ nq ˆeix mgvR I mg‡qi Kvi‡Y| †m-cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z gvbyl †Zvgvi weÿZ w`b Kve¨MÖš’ h_v_© I Zvrch©gwÐZ| †ng‡šÍi †mvbvjZv Kwegvb‡mi Awbevh© RxebcÖxwZ Ges A‡gvN g„Zz¨fvebvi wkwíZ iƒcvqY| KsKv‡j AjsKvi w`‡qv Kve¨MÖ‡š’I GKB fvebv I mvdj¨ cÖwZdwjZ| †k‡lv³ Kve¨¸‡jv‡Z AveyeKi wmwχKi g¾vMZ hvhveie„wË, mšÍvbcÖxwZ, gvZ…wcZ…fw³ Ges gvwU-e„ÿ-wbmM©RbRxeb Kx wbweo wk‡íi my‡Zvq MÖw_Z| Rb¥f‚wgi cÖwZ Kwei kÖ×v-fv‡jvevmv Acwimxg| wZwb Avgvi hZ i³‡duvUv Kve¨MÖ‡š’i ÔWvBwb eywoÕ KweZvq e‡jb, ÔAvgv‡K wPb‡Z cvi‡Qv †Mv ˆeUcyi?/ Avwg †h †Zvgvi †mB gvwUgvLv wmwÏK|/ bvI †Mv/ Avgvi gv_vUv ey‡K wb‡q †VuvU Qy‡q `vI,/ GKUzLvwb gvwU‡duvUv wUc `vI PUvb Kcv‡j|Õ QovKvi wn‡m‡eI Zuvi mvdj¨ mywew`Z| Zuvi GKwU gvÎ QovMÖš’ nÆgvjv (2001)| AveyeKi wmwÏK GKB m‡½ KweZv I Mí iPbv ïiæ Ki‡jI Zuvi MíMÖš’ cÖKv‡k †ek wej¤^ N‡U| cÖKvwkZ †QvUMíMÖš’mg~n : f‚wgnxb †`k (1985), PiwebvkKvj (1987), g‡i euvPvi ¯^vaxbZv (1987), Kz‡qv †_‡K †ewi‡q (1994) Ges QvqvcÖavb ANªvb (2000)| KweZvi g‡Zv Zuvi Mímg~n cÖÁv`xß; KL‡bv cÖ”Qbœ, cÖ‡qvR‡b mvnwmK Ges wfbœgvwÎK| PUzj †cÖ‡gi cÖvej¨ bq Ñ mvgwMÖK HwZn¨, GKvˇii ¯^vaxbZv, ¯^vaxbZv-DËi evsjv‡`‡ki RbRxeb, †kvlY-wbh©vZb Ges wPišÍb gvbweK I ü`qe„wËK Dcjwäi wkíiƒcB n‡”Q Zuvi †QvUMí| wel‡qi ¸iæ‡Z¡ Ges wbg©vYwk‡íi KzkjZvq Zuvi Mí †ev×vcvV‡Ki Kv‡Q n‡q‡Q bw›`Z| AveyeKi wmwÏK †gvngy³ I wbivm³ Rxeb`ªóv| wbg©g Kvjcyiæ‡li g‡Zv wZwb evsjv‡`‡ki †kvwlZ gvby‡li AÜKviv”Qbœ RxebmZ¨‡K f‚wgnxb †`‡ki (1985) Ôf‚wgnxb †`kÕ M‡í wPwÎZ K‡ib| G-MÖ‡š’i bvgKi‡Yi †bc‡_¨ i‡q‡Q MíKv‡ii AmvaviY mvnm, AvšÍwiKZg †e`bv‡eva, `vqe×cÖÁv Ges bejä ¯^vaxb †`‡ki ivR‰bwZK I Av_©mvgvwRK cUf‚wgi Av‡eMewR©Z BwZnvm| ¯^vaxbZv †fv‡Mi AwaKvi †_‡K `ytLRbKfv‡e ewÂZ nq †`‡ki AwaKvsk gvbyl| Zv‡`i cv‡qi Zjvq †eu‡P _vKvi cÖZ¨qcyó gvwU m‡i hvq| ¯^vaxbZv-DËi mg¯Í †mŠfvM¨ I m¤ú` wPivPwiZ Kvq`vq †fvM K‡i GK we‡kl †kÖwY| †jL‡Ki ˆkwíK cÖwZev` GLv‡bB Ges ZviB avivevwnK cÖKvk g‡i euvPvi ¯^vaxbZv (1987) MíMÖš’, hv gyw³hy‡×i wkí`wjj wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…Z| DwjøwLZ MÖš’؇qi bvgMí QvovI Ô†ejybIqvjvÕ, ÔLvjLmv jvj KsKvjÕ, Ôf‚Zc¨v`vbxÕ, ÔLv`¨ gš¿Yvjq K‡Zv `~‡iÕ, ÔP›`‡bi


N~YÕ, Ôjv‡ki bvg †bBÕ, ÔLZgÕ, ÔGB AvNvZ nv‡b| So-e„wó-eb¨vq gvby‡li †mB Rq evsjvÕ, ÔdRivwj †nu‡U hvqÕ, Rxeb `ywe©ln nq| G-wbh©vZ‡bi m‡½ Ôi³MR©bÕ I Ô†Luvov mgvRÕ M‡íi hy³ nq myweavev`x GK‡kÖwYi gvby‡li †Kv_vI K…wÎgZvi duvK †bB; †bB ¯^v_©-D×vi Awfhvb| wiwjd cvPvi AwZićbi m¯Ív is| Av‡Q GKwU †_‡K ïiæ K‡i Amnvq bvix‡K D‡Øj Avkv wN‡i †hv×vü`‡qi AwgZ cÖ‡jvf‡bi Rv‡j †d‡j m‡¤¢vM Kiv D”PviY Avi Avkvf‡½i ¸ßÿZ Zv‡`i ˆbwgwËK e¨vcvi n‡q `uvovq| †_‡K S‡i cov e¨w³MZ hš¿Yv| ivÿz‡m Rj, So I gvby‡li nvZ evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy× I ¯^vaxbZv †_‡K AmsL¨ wbixn gvbyl euvP‡Z wb‡q GZ mr, GZ LuvwU Mí Avgv‡`i Pvq| GB giv-euvPvi GK fqsKi K_vmvwn‡Z¨ weijcÖvq| PiwebvkKvj `wjj iPbv K‡ib AveyeKi wmwÏK (1987) MíMÖ‡š’i mvZwU M‡í Zuvi Rjivÿm Dcb¨v‡m| kIKZ iƒcK-cÖZxKx fvlvq gvbeRxe‡bi Imgv‡bi fvlvq, ÔZxÿè mgvRm‡PZb wKQy Aw¯Í‡Z¡i cÖm½ Dc¯’vwcZ †jLK ÿgvnxb PveyK †n‡b‡Q AwePvi n‡q‡Q| wKQy Avðh© bi-bvix, Ges Ab¨v‡qi weiæ‡×|Õ Ab¨w`‡K AveyeKi wmwχKi †gŠwjK Zuv‡`i m~²vbyf‚wZ, mgvRweb¨v‡mi Liv‡cvov eixb GjvKvi wbmM©cU euvKv‡Pviv MÖwš’‡Z wZh©K Aw¯Í‡Z¡i fvebv I m„Rbkxj mvwnZ¨Kg© I g½vcxwoZ MYRxebwfwËK Awb‡KZ †Pnviv, KL‡bvev A‡gvN Liv`vn covi ci m‡ivR cvVK‡`i me©`v gy» K‡i‡Q| Dcb¨vm dzmjvwb‡Z Ni †Q‡o †ewi‡q Avmv e‡›`¨vcva¨vq AveyeKi wmwÏK‡K Amnvq gvby‡li ¯§„wZ‡Z Zß n‡q-IVv mvwnZ¨vbyivMx ¸Yai e¨w³‡`i wj‡LwQ‡jb, ÔGKRb †jLK †mvbvi Rxe‡bi ¯ú›`b; GmeB ms‡e`bkxj †`vqvZ-Kjg Kvgbv K‡i| Avwg wZwb AvšÍwiK `i‡` Kv‡Q fw½‡Z, civev¯Íe Avi †ivgvw›UKZvi Kvgbv Kie Avcbvi †jvnvi †`vqvZgva¨‡g Míiƒc †`b AveyeKi wmwÏK| Kjg †nvK|Õ AkÖæKzgvi wmK`vi I †U‡b‡Qb Ñ Nwbôfv‡e ¯^ívqy msmv‡i weg~p gvby‡li K_vwPÎ AiæY †mb Dcb¨vmwUi D”PcÖksmv wg‡k‡Qb, †ev×vcvVK‡`i PiwebvkKv‡j wea„Z n‡jI e¯‘ev`x K‡ib| mg‡ik emy Liv`v‡ni g~jf‚wg wmwÏK‡K wP‡b wb‡Z Avgv‡`i Kó e‡i›`ª AÂj †`Lvi Rb¨ D`&MÖxe n‡q eÜz n‡q D‡V‡Qb| nq bv| Kz‡qv †_‡K †ewi‡q (1994) I‡Vb| GmeB DwjøwLZ Dcb¨vm Ges MíMÖ‡š’ Zuvi G-cwiwPwZ AwaK Jcb¨vwm‡Ki mvd‡j¨i cwiPq| mgy¾¡j| †h-†Kv‡bv MwÐi ÿy`ªZv †Kej wel‡qi ¸iæZ¡ I ¯^vZ‡š¿¨ K¬všÍ K‡i †Zv‡j gb‡K| AwZNwbô bq; fvlvi Avqiwb-m¨vUvqvi, m¤ú‡K©i g‡a¨I AZj¯úkx© duvK _v‡K| mgvRe܇bi iƒcK-cÖZxK I AvÂwjK cÖ‡qv‡M Abb¨mvaviY G-Dcb¨vmØq| A‡bK MÖwš’B †UvUvdvUv| gyw³Kvgx gvbyl ZvB mxgve× eÜb evsjv‡`‡ki ˆ¯^ivPvi miKv‡ii ivR‰bwZK mvivrmvi wkívwqZ wQu‡o-†K‡U †ewi‡q Avm‡Z Pvq Kz‡qv †_‡K mxgvnxb mgy‡`ªi n‡q‡Q eviæ`‡cvov cÖni Dcb¨v‡m| G MwjZ-D‡ËwRZ cÖni cv‡b| Kx A™¢zZ GB gyw³wccvmvi iƒcKagx© iƒcvqY| Gi fvlvi ej‡Z MZ kZvãxi Avwki `kK †evSv‡bv n‡q‡Q| Avi ¯Í‡i ¯Í‡i cÖZx‡Ki Rv`y¯úk©| Ô†Kv_vq hv‡eb?Õ Pjgvb G ay‡qv ¯^vaxbZvKvgx gvby‡li ü`‡q GKvËi n‡”Q GK gnr ¯§„wZwPý, †hb wbwLj gvby‡li wPiKvjxb gyw³hvÎvi AvwZ©iƒ‡c aŸwbZ n‡q †kvlY-wbh©vZb I cÖwZwµqvkxjZvi weiæ‡× cÖej cÖwZev`-msMÖvg D‡V‡Q MíKv‡ii †jLbxkw³‡Z| QvqvcÖavb ANªvb (2000) Ges i³mvMi cvwo w`‡q weRqMv_vi HwZnvwmK gnvÿY| Z‡e MímsKj‡bI ivRbxwZ, gyw³hy×, MYZš¿, MÖvgxYRxeb, agx©q GKvˇii cUwPÎ `ªæZ cwiewZ©Z n‡q hvq| gyw³hy‡×i weiæ×kw³ AÜZ¡, †kvlY-wbh©vZb Mvwí‡Ki mg„× AwfÁZv Ges wbR¯^ ivRvKvi-Avje`i cwiYZ nq gy‡Lvkavix gyw³‡hv×vq| wb‡f©Rvj iPbv‰kjx‡Z wbwg©Z n‡q‡Q| Kvbœv`vmx (2006), nsmfvmxi gyw³‡hv×vi A‡b‡KB Av_©mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK gvi †L‡q Zx‡i (2008), KvjvKz¤¢xi (2008), gyw³hy‡×i wbe©vwPZ Mí BZiZg Rxebhvcb K‡ib| ü`‡qi i³avivq †h-¯^vaxbZvi bvg : gyw³jvj Afz¨`q (2008), gayešÍx (2009) Ges eixbf‚wg- †jLv nq, Zv `wjZ-gw_Z n‡jI µgvMZ Zvi wec‡ÿ cÖwZ‡ivaev`veb (2017) MÖ‡š’i cÖwZwU MíB wfbœgvwÎK I RxebNwbô| Av‡›`vjb `vbv euv‡a Ges cÖK…Z mZ¨ D˜NvU‡bi Bw½Z m~wPZ nq| AveyeKi wmwχKi AwfÁZv, †gav, kÖgmvabv Gme M‡í G-cUf‚wg‡Z iwPZ AveyeKi wmwχKi gnvKvwe¨K wkíwbcyY Dcb¨vm GKvˇii ü`qf¯§| †k‡lv³ Dcb¨vm`ywU mg‡qi cÖwZdwjZ| Avw½KI ¯^vZš¿¨gwÐZ| AveyeKi wmwχKi Dcb¨v‡mi fzebI cÖPwjZ avivq wfbœZi `vwe I †jL‡Ki `vq wgwU‡q n‡q‡Q Kv‡jvËxY© Ges begvwÎK wbg©vYKg© Ñ wK welq wbe©vP‡b, wK Avw½K cwiKíbvq, wK fvlv wkícÖKi‡Y wewkó| ZvB AveyeKi wmwÏK †Kej evsjv‡`‡ki cÖ‡qvM-cÖ‡KŠk‡j| Zuvi cÖKvwkZ Dcb¨vm PviwU : `wÿYe‡½i bb, mgMÖ evsjv fvlvi GK bw›`Z K_v‡Kvwe`| RbRxeb wb‡q iwPZ Rjivÿm (1985, wØ. cÖ. 2001), DËie‡½i †gŠwjK mvwnZ¨m„wói cvkvcvwk AveyeKi wmwÏK M‡elYvagx© Livcxo‡bi fqven wkíwbg©vY Liv`vn (1987, wØ. cÖ. 2000), cÖeÜ, wbeÜ, Rxebx, ¯§„wZK_v, Kjvg I MYmsMxZ iPbvq we‡kl ˆ¯^ivPviwe‡ivax MYAv‡›`vj‡bi cUf‚wg‡Z iwPZ eviæ`‡cvov cvi`kx©| Zuvi cÖKvwkZ cÖeÜMÖš’ Ñ Kv‡ji Kj¯^i (2001) cÖni (1996) Ges GKvˇii gnvb gyw³hy‡×i Av‡jL¨ GKvˇii I mvwn‡Z¨i msMcÖmsM (2001)| RxebxMÖš’ i‡gkP›`ª †mb ü`qf¯§ (1997)| evsjv‡`‡k cÖvq cÖwZeQiB cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM (1992)| ¯§„wZK_v Ñ mvZw`‡bi myjZvb (2002), cÖxwZgq

63


¯§„wZgq (2010) Ges ¯§i‡Yi gyLkÖx (2011)| mv¤úÖwZK cÖR‡b¥i Kv‡Q †Zv e‡UB, AMÖR mvwnZ¨vbyivMx‡`i ¯§„wZ‡ZI i‡gkP›`ª †mb AvR we¯§„ZcÖvq| A_P wZwb wQ‡jb Avg„Zz¨ e¯‘wbô I RxebNwbô K_v‡Kvwe`, `ÿ mvwnZ¨msMVK, wbfx©K ivRbxwZK I gvbe‡cÖwgK KweivR| GB weij cÖwZfv I ¸Yai e¨w³i Rxeb I mvwnZ¨Kg© mh‡Zœ wjwce× K‡ib AveyeKi wmwÏK Zuvi i‡gkP›`ª †mb MÖ‡š’| mvwn‡Z¨i msMcÖmsM MÖš’ cÖKv‡ki †cÖÿvcU we‡kølY Ki‡Z wM‡q AveyeKi wmwÏK †h webxZ mZ¨ D”PviY K‡i‡Qb Zv cÖwYavb‡hvM¨ : ÔAvwg †Zv g~jZ cÖe܇jLK bB| †jv‡K Rv‡b KweZv-Mí-Dcb¨vm wj‡L _vwK| wKš‘ hZUzKz wjwL, Zvi K‡qK‡kv¸Y covi Af¨vm| ejv P‡j, dzjUvBg cvVK| co‡Z co‡Z wbR¯^ wKQy wPšÍvwe›`y †N‡g I‡V gv_vi g‡a¨| Zuvi Ici Avevi MZ Pvi-mv‡o Pvi `kK a‡i mvwnZ¨ cov‡bv †ckv| hv‡K e‡j wbwñ`ª mvwnZ¨PP©vi evZvei‡Y evm| GiKg AbyK‚j Ave‡n mvwnZ¨ cÖm‡½ wKQy wbeÜ ¯^fve‡mªv‡Z †ewi‡q G‡m‡Q Kjg †_‡K| G †mªvZ GZ gy³ †h, wel‡qi avivevwnKZv wb‡q †Kv‡bv cwiKíbvi dzimZ nqwb| hLb †hgb †gRvR ev Dcjÿ G‡m‡Q, †jLv¸‡jv †Zgwb `uvwo‡q †M‡Q| welqeyw×ewR©Z Avgvi Gme cÖe‡Üi welqMZ cigv_© hw` wKQy †_‡K _v‡K †Zv †m GKvšÍB gy³eyw×i †¯^”Qvwenvi|Õ (ÔcÖvmw½KxÕ) MÖ‡š’i cÖeÜmg~n‡K AveyeKi wmwÏK wZb ch©v‡q wef³ K‡i‡Qb : 1. welqwfwËK †Z‡ivwU, 2. welq I †jLK‡Kw›`ªK GMv‡ivwU Ges 3. gnvb GKz‡ki cÖeÜ wZbwU| ivR‰bwZK †cÖÿvc‡U KweZv, DËi-AvaywbKZv, mvwn‡Z¨ nvm¨im, †jvKmvwn¨Z¨PP©v, Abyev`mvwnZ¨welqK cÖeÜmg~‡n cÖvewÜK h_vixwZ cÖÁv`xß I ¯^Kxq‰ewkó¨gwÐZ| LvwbKUv nvjKv †gRv‡Ri n‡jI ÔeB‡cÖ‡gi wK‡kvi‡ejvÕ I ÔeB Zzwg RbZvi nv‡Z G‡mvÕ cÖeÜ`ywU AveyeKi wmwχKi gb-gvbwmKZv-mvabv-Kvgbvi wb‡f©Rvj cÖKvkK| KZUv AvšÍwiK n‡j wZwb ej‡Z cv‡ib, Ôcvb-wewo-wmMv‡iU bq, Pv ev Ab¨ †Kvb cvbxq bq, eB-B Avgvi Rxe‡b cÖK…Z A¨vwWKk‡bi ev †bkvi g‡Zv n‡q c‡o‡Q| iv‡Z evwj‡ki Kv‡Q eB bv _vK‡j `g eÜ n‡q Av‡m| GL‡bv eB co‡Z co‡Z ivZ dm©v n‡q Av‡m| †Kv_vI †eov‡Z †M‡j †mLv‡b iv‡Z weQvbvq eB bv †c‡j cvM‡ji g‡Zv Aw¯’iZvq AvµvšÍ nB| mvivRxeb Rwg bq, evwo bq, ïay eB-B wK‡bwQ| GLb ivLvi Avi RvqMv Kz‡jvq bv N‡i| Rvwb bv, cwiYv‡g Kx n‡e| g‡b g‡b Lye B”Qv K‡i, givi ci gvwU †`Iqvi mgq Avgvi KeiUv †hb gv‡c GKUz eo K‡i †Luvov nq Avi Zvi g‡a¨ Avgvi evQvB Kiv wcÖq eB¸‡jv mvwR‡q †`Iqv nq|Õ (c„ 85) AveyeKi wmwχKi MYmsMxZ iPbv I mvabvi wb`k©b m¤ú‡K© mxwgZmsL¨K gvbyl AeMZ| A_P GKvšÍ wbf…‡Z Ges AšÍM©Z ZvwM‡` MYgvby‡li Dbœqb Avi RvZxq RvMi‡Yi Rb¨ Avevj¨ MYmsMxZfze‡b Zuvi wePiY wQj me©`v we`¨gvb| GKvˇii hy‡× Ô¯^vaxb evsjv †eZvi †K›`ªÕ †_‡K cÖPvwiZ Zuvi Ôe¨vwi‡KW †eq‡bU †eovRvjÕ Rbg‡b wecø‡ei †cÖiYv RywM‡qwQj| wZwb gyw³hy‡×i c‡ÿ mwµq Kgx© wQ‡jb| ZvB ZrKvjxb MYwe‡ivax kw³i nv‡Z Zuv‡K kvixwiKfv‡e wbh©vwZZ n‡Z nq| ÔMYgvby‡li MvbÕ cÖe‡Ü evgcwš’ gZv`‡k© wek¦vmx wmwÏK e‡jb, ÔG hver A‡b‡K Avgvi MYmsMx‡Z MYwegyL ev `y‡e©va¨ fvlv e¨env‡ii Aby‡hvM K‡i Avm‡Qb| Rev‡e Avwg mweb‡q Rvbv‡Z PvB, Avgvi †jLv cÖvq `y‡kv-AvovB‡kv MYmsMx‡Zi g‡a¨ gvÎ mvgvb¨ K‡qKwU Mvb myiv‡ivwcZ n‡q RbZvi cv‡Z co‡Z †c‡i‡Q| Zvi cÖvq¸‡jvi fvlvB ˆe`»¨‡`v‡l Clr `yó| Gi evB‡i eû AcÖPvwiZ

64

Mvb K_vi w`K w`‡q m¤¢eZ RbRxe‡bi KvQvKvwQ|Õ (c„ 27) AveyeKi wmwχKi Mvb Rbgvbyl-wbf©i bv n‡j wZwb KL‡bv Kwe mvgQywÏb wKsev mvab miKv‡ii cÖK…Z g~j¨vqb I ¯^xK…wZ cÖ`v‡bi j‡ÿ¨ Av‡e`b Rvbv‡Zb bv; D”PvwiZ n‡Zv bv mwjj †PŠayix, †kL jyrdi ingvb Ges †ngv½ wek¦vm cÖm½; cÖe܇k‡l †NvwlZI n‡Zv bv, ÔRq †nvK †kvwlZ gvby‡li! Rq †nvK MYgvby‡li †kvlYgyw³i Mv‡bi|Õ GLv‡b kÖ×v I M‡e©i m‡½ ¯§iY Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, Zuvi iæ`ªc`vewj : MYgvby‡li Mvb (2008) wk‡ivbv‡g mg„× msKjbwUi K_v| Gi f‚wgKvq Kvgvj †jvnvbx h_v_©B e‡jb, ÔMYmsMx‡Zi Kg‡iW Kweqvj AveyeKi wmwÏK : msMÖvgx †mjvg|Õ mvZw`‡bi myjZvb AveyeKi wmwχKi ¯§„wZK_vg~jK GKwU g~j¨evb iPbv| ¯^bvgab¨ Ges ¯^Kxq‰ewk‡ó¨ `xß wPÎKi Gm Gg myjZv‡bi m‡½ Zuvi mvZw`‡bi mvÿvr-mvwbœ‡a¨i ¯§„wZPviY wbLuyZ eY©bvq n‡q‡Q RxešÍ| iPbvi ga¨gwY‡Z Av‡Qb Aek¨B myjZvb; wKš‘ cÖvmw½Kfv‡e G‡m‡Q †jLKgvb‡m AvRxebjvwjZ Avengvb evsjvi wPÎ, †jvKms¯‹…wZ, MYRxeb, wkÿv-ivRbxwZ Avi gvbeZv Ñ hv cvV‡Ki `„wó‡Z Qwei g‡Zv me †f‡m I‡V| cÖxwZgq ¯§„wZgq MÖ‡š’ ev‡ivRb Kwe-mvwnwZ¨K m¤ú‡K© Kwe AveyeKi wmwχKi AšÍi½ ¯§„wZPviY wea„Z n‡q‡Q| eyׇ`e emy, weòz †`, kw³ P‡Ævcva¨vq, †eMg mywdqv Kvgvj, e`iæÏxb Dgi, nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb, kvgmyi ivngvb, Kwe AvZvDi ingvb, Lv‡j`v Gw`e †PŠayix, wmK`vi Avwgbyj nK, AvLZviæ¾vgvb Bwjqvm I Kwe kvgmyj Bmjvg m¤ú‡K© Z_¨eûj I g‡bvgy»Ki †jLvq mg„× eZ©gvb MÖš’wU| Kwe‡K †jLv weòz †`-i wPwV¸‡jv LyeB ¸iæZ¡c~Y© ms‡hvRb| ¯§i‡Yi gyLkÖx MÖ‡š’ GMv‡ivRb ¸Yxe¨w³i ¯§„wZmvwbœa¨ ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| Gu‡`i g‡a¨ AveyeKi wmwχKi wkÿv¸iæ Kvwj`vm gy‡Lvcva¨vq, MYmsMx‡Zi Agi iƒcKvi mvab miKvi, GKz‡ki PviYKwe †kL mvgQywÏb, KwemyavKi weRq miKvi cÖgyL ¸Yai e¨w³ Z_¨wbf©i Avi mwe‡kl gh©v`vq Dc¯’vwcZ n‡q‡Qb| AveyeKi wmwχKi †gŠwjK fvebv I m„Rbkxj mvwnZ¨Kg© cvVK‡`i me©`v gy» K‡i‡Q| mvwnZ¨vbyivMx ¸Yai e¨w³‡`i wZwb AvšÍwiK `i‡` Kv‡Q †U‡b‡Qb Ñ Nwbôfv‡e wg‡k‡Qb, †ev×vcvVK‡`i eÜz n‡q D‡V‡Qb| evsjvi gvbecÖK…wZ, Zvi Av_©mvgvwRK Ges mvs¯‹…wZK iƒciƒcvšÍi †`Lv I Rvbvi A`g¨ evmbvq wZwb mvivevsjv P‡l †ewo‡q‡Qb| Zuvi cQ‡›`i Szwo‡Z Av‡Q Ñ `y‡PvL †g‡j bZzb MÖvg, we¯Í…Z cÖvšÍi, kni, gvbyl I cÖvPxbe„ÿ †`Lv; wewfbœ bv‡gi I wewPÎ ¯^v‡`i wgwó LvIqv, SY©vKjg w`‡q †jLv, Mvb †kvbv, eB cov, wµ‡KU †Ljv †`Lv Ges mv`v cvRvgv-cvÄvwe civ| AveyeKi wmwÏK Zuvi mvwnZ¨K‡g©i Rb¨ evsjv GKv‡Wwg mvwnZ¨ cyi¯‹vi, evsjv‡`k K_vwkíx msm` cyi¯‹vi, e½fvlv ms¯‹…wZ cÖmvi mwgwZ cyi¯‹vi (KjKvZv), AZ›`ª mvwnZ¨ c`K (KjKvZv), Lyjbv mvwnZ¨ cwil` cyi¯‹vi, ev‡MinvU dvD‡Ûkb c`K, FwlR c`K, AvLZvi Rvnvb iægv ¯§„wZc`K (Lyjbv) Ges evsjv‡`k †jwLKv msN ¯^Y©c`‡K f‚wlZ nb| AveyeKi wmwÏK cuPvwk eQi eqm AwZµg Ki‡Qb| wZwb cvwievwiK bvbv mgm¨vq wbgw¾Z| Zuvi †h-nvZ me©`v wQj †jLvq wbgMœ, GKvˇi cwðgv †mbv‡`i e›`yK Øviv AvNvZcÖvß †m-nvZ AvR wb_icÖvq| bv wjL‡Z cvivi Kó Zuv‡K Kz‡i Kz‡i Lv‡”Q| Avgv‡`i cÖZ¨vkv Ñ wZwb kZvqy †nvb, AgiZ¡ cvK Zuvi mvwnZ¨Kg©| r


K we Zv

†ng‡šÍi welv` c`¨ : f‚Rcyi dviæK AvjgMxi

†Kbbv AÜKvi †b‡g‡Q A‡bK Av‡MB GB f‚Rcy‡i †mB ga¨ GwcÖ‡ji wb`vN `ycy‡i i³v³ kixi wb‡q AbyR Avgvi Rqevsjv e‡j hLb wbôzi GB wMwic‡_ wd‡iwQj PÆMÖvg †gwWK¨v‡j jvkKvUv N‡i|

GB †ng‡šÍi w`‡bI cyo‡Q Avgvi kixi `vD `vD, MbM‡b Av¸‡bi wPZvq DVzK f‚Rcyi, f‡¯§i Ke‡i Pvcv co–K AbšÍKvj GB mc©cyix| b„ksm f‚Rcyi, †Kv_vI e‡Ui Qvqv †bB e„ÿ‡`i D`viZv DavI, †mLv‡b `» gb ivwL Ggb RvqMv †bB! wecyj bv‡gi AbyR Avgvi c‡o Av‡Q †mB KLb †_‡KB jvkKvUv N‡i GKvKx wbRx©e, GLb †ng‡šÍ ANªv‡bi †mvbvwj av‡bi MÜ ïu‡K ïu‡K †Kv‡bvw`b wdi‡e Kx †m cÖv‡Yi dwUKQwo Ñ `~i e³cyi!

AjsKiY : me¨mvPx nvRiv

KvwZ©‡Ki Ae‡kl, hw` e‡jv †ngšÍ‡K LyDe wP‡bwQ wb‡Ri g‡Zvb K‡i Z‡e fzj ejv n‡e, hw`P †R‡bwQ mvqv‡ýB Zvi iƒc aiv †`q Kzqvkvi Av¯Íi‡Y GLb †hgb f‚Rcy‡ii cvnvo ebvbxi KvwšÍ wbgw¾Z †Nvi-AÜKv‡i wbwðZ-meyR †Kv‡bvfv‡eB GLb Avi meyR _vK‡Z cvi‡e bv bxwjgv GLb Avi `~‡ii AvKvk bq!

65


K¨vmv›`ªv Zvbfxi †gvKv‡¤§j Kwe †hb Awfkß Kb¨v K¨vmv›`ªv e‡j P‡j m~h©RvZ mZ¨ hZw`b k¦vm Av‡gv`‡M‡o bMievmx †mm‡e iv‡L bv wek¦vm A_P KZ Aby³ Kvj‡ejv e‡jwb Kx †Wjwd †mBme A‡gvN mZ¨ K_v;

AvR †fv‡i †MŠZg nvRiv

mgq Mwo‡q hvq gy³v mgq nvwi‡q hvq bóMÖn gvbyl Zey Z…wßnxb iq GK hy‡×i c‡i _v‡K Av‡iK hy‡×i A‡cÿvq

AvR †fv‡i Avevi †R‡M DVwQ Avwg

Avi cÖvPxb Kwei cvÐzwjwc

ebcjv‡ki M‡Ü, ay‡jvc‡_, w`M‡šÍi gv‡V †hLv‡b AvbZ bq‡b Zzwg, wkivi³ g~‡j WvK `vI AweiZ, gv`KZv G‡mv ...

Avwg †Zv †`wLwb †Kv‡bv bMœ G‡_bv Kwei AvRb¥ GlYv g„b¥‡q cv‡e †m wPb¥‡qi AciƒcZv Zey †Kb GB KvjMÖ¯Í Awfkvc DjUcyivY †Kb †`L‡Z nq GB Awek¦vm¨ BDUvb© mkix‡i ¯^RvwZi GB Awb‡KZ cvZvjMgb K…òMnŸ‡ii Kzn‡K †Kb N‡U Ggb AKvj m~h©cZb \

GB dvj&¸‡b Avwg bZzb cvZv n‡q Avevi Rb¥ wbw”Q †R‡M DV‡Q Avðh© wjwiK! 66

ïay a~mi †_‡K a~miZi nq;


`~‡ii hvÎv †mŠwfK †iRv Av¤§v nvmcvZvj †_‡K wd‡i G‡jb| GLb Zuvi cv‡ki N‡i wekÖvg| †KD-†KD Kv‡jgv co‡Qb Ñ jv Bjvnv Bjvjøvû eviv›`vq `y-Pvi‡U ïK‡bv ev`vwg cvZv, mvgvb¨ ay‡jvevwj Gw`K-†mw`K gvKomvi Rvj, U‡e jvj-njy` dzj| †KD PvB‡Qb Ñ GKUz cvwb, †KDev GKUz wfo KgyK Pvicv‡ki gvby‡li Qvqv, †iv`-nvIqv Av‡jv-AÜKvi kix‡i †g‡L GLb Avgv‡`i Av¤§vi A‡bK `~‡ii c‡_ hvÎv

Kó †c‡j Kuv`‡eb bv : wPwKrmvcÎ 1 †gv¯Ídv ZvwiKzj Avnmvb Kó †c‡j Kuv`‡eb bv; †Pv‡Li Rj ÷¨vÛevB K‡i ivLyb, evmvq wd‡i G‡m Rgv K‡i ivLyb Kv‡Pi †evZ‡j : Avi †h †Zvgv‡K Kó w`‡q †Mvc‡b †Pviv nvwm fvM K‡i wbj eÜz‡`i mv‡_ Zv‡K ivLyb gy‡Vvi †fZ‡i; cÖ‡qvR‡b †hvMe¨vqvg K‡i nv‡Zi cvÄv k³ Kiæb| mgqg‡Zv cÖvP¨ _¨veov bvK Av‡iv _¨veov K‡i †`‡eb| G‡Z Avcbvi ivM ev `ytL bv Kg‡j VvÛv †g‡S‡Z †Kvwcb c‡i ï‡q _vKzb NÈvLv‡bK, `ªæZ wbk¦vm wbb Rvbvjvi wbgMvQ †_‡K| eo eo †bZv ev Avgjv †_‡K `~‡i _vKzb, ey‡R©vqv †_‡K `~‡i _vKzb| Avi M‡Äi nv‡U wM‡q a‡bcvZv w`‡q cici `y-Møvm gvVv †L‡q gvVvIqvjv‡K `k UvKv eLwkm w`b| †m Avcbv‡K PIov Mv‡j nvwm †`‡e| Zv‡Z Avcbvi ivM ev Kó wKQyUv Kg‡e e‡j g‡b nq| †kl ch©šÍ A‡MvQv‡jv wbR©b b`xi av‡i P‡j hvb; MvQcvjvi mv‡_ †g‡Z _vKv cvwLiv Avcbv‡K iex›`ªbv_ ev jvj‡bi Mvb †kvbv‡e; b`xi Rj Avcbv‡K evZvm †`‡e| GLv‡bI myweav‡fvMx SMov‡U †jvKRb Avm‡Z cv‡i, GK`g ZvKv‡eb bv, K_v ejv †Zv `~‡i _vK| cici `y-Kvc Av`v-Pv Lvb| GKUz †`wi K‡i evwo wd‡i †QvU †g‡qi mv‡_ LybmywU K‡i Nygv‡Z hvb| fv‡jv Nyg n‡e| Kw`b fv‡jv _vK‡eb| 13.12.17

67


g„Zz¨ I Rv`yev¯ÍeZv mywnZv myjZvbv (Kwe Rxebvb›` `vk‡K wb‡ew`Z) gvbyl evievi wb‡Ri Kv‡QB wd‡i wd‡i Av‡m KL‡bv KL‡bv Lye KvQ †_‡K g„Zz¨‡K Am¤¢e g‡b n‡jI nvUz gy‡o gy‡LvgywL e‡m| Rxeb Nv‡mi †P‡qI †QvU Av‡iv †QvU! AMÖnvq‡Yi Ggb w`‡b k~b¨Zvq D‡o D‡o hvq ¯^cœ I ¯§„wZi AwbwðZ `~iZ¡! k¨vgj Qvqvq e× Rjvkq D‡V G‡j A¯^w¯Íi jeYv³ K¬vwšÍ w`e‡mi Zver Aw¯’iZv µgk Dj½ K‡i †Zv‡j `„k¨cU| †Pvivevwji wb‡P g„Zz¨, ¯^cœ I Rv`yev¯ÍeZv K`©gv³ ˆmK‡Z LyuR‡Z _v‡K Rv`yi ej| Cl©vi MnŸ‡i gvbylB bMœ n‡Z _v‡K, †Pv‡Li Kvwb©‡k jvj KuvKovi ¯^cœnxb avbwmuwo b`x AvR ei‡di g‡Zv VvÛv Avi isnxb Avwg hLb Gfv‡e g„Zz¨‡K kbv³ Kijvg ZLb †Kv_vI Zzwg wQ‡j bv kv`v Kwd‡bi k~b¨Zvq †f‡m hvw”Qj ¯ÍäZv Avi welv‡`i wngMvwo

Li‡iŠ‡`ªi Kiv‡Z nvwdR iwk` Lvb

GKUv Mfxi Avejym wm›`y‡K bRi we× n‡jv mK‡ji ILv‡b KwVb me AvZ¥xqZvi eÜb †gŠiæwmi aviv †g‡b gwgi gg‡Z¡ IB cÖvPxb‡K †i‡L †M‡Q Kviv Kj¨v‡Yi mg„× eiv‡Z ILv‡b jywK‡q Av‡Q †hb Zzgyj Ai‡Y¨ e„wógq iv‡Zi wmçwb cÖvY‡`vjv Kve¨K_vi KbK wefv gvqvnwiYxi kvwYZ ¯^vMZ †`ŠoSuvc Avi AMYb ¯^‡cœ ficyi iæ‡ni gvMwdivZ IUv‡K m¤ú~Y© Ly‡j †`‡ev Li‡iŠ‡`ªi Kiv‡Z †K‡U †KvjvnjgyLi †jvKmgv‡R ...

68


Db¥~j gvby‡li Mí †kjx †mb¸ßv Ô†LvKv Nygv‡jv cvov Ryov‡jv eMx© G‡jv †`‡k Ñ Õ ï‡bB eoevev eMx© Zvov‡Z †M‡jb, eMx©i mv‡_ wZwbI DrcvwUZ, Õ71-G Avgv‡K gv‡qi †Kv‡j †i‡L evev ¯^vaxbZv Avb‡Z †M‡jb, ¯^vaxb †`‡k wd‡i Avmv evevi wQj Aw¯Í‡Z¡i msKU, m‡nv`i GLb ciev‡m jo‡Q wb‡Ri cv‡q, †kKoKvUv e„‡ÿi g‡Zv Ii GLb g~j e‡j wKQy †bB, Avgvi mšÍvbI _v‡Kwb `y‡afv‡Z Ñ

†Mviv evRv‡ii Kv‡Q mg‡ik gy‡Lvcva¨vq Avm‡e bv †R‡b P‡j hvB ... eyK Ry‡o bywoi AvIqvR †Ui cvB AšÍtmjxjv †Kv_vI GL‡bv i‡q †M‡Q ... †dvb Av‡m wd‡i Avwm ZvB G‡m †`wL G‡m‡Q PovB

Z‡e wK Ck¦ix cvUwb wg‡_¨ wQj A_ev Zvi Ck¦ix?

mviv iv¯Ív wKwPiwgwPi ...

Lye Rvb‡Z B‡”Q Ki‡Q Ñ e„‡ÿiI †Zv †kKo _v‡K, gvbylB †Kb evievi g~‡jvrcvwUZ?

GL‡bv †m-`„k¨ †eu‡P Av‡Q

†MvivevRv‡ii Kv‡Q

mvbMøv‡m †f‡m D‡VwQ! 69


nvjbvMv` †iRvDj Kvixg †kl n‡q hv‡”Q †Zvgvi wjcw÷K, †gKAvc Zzwg eis †mLv‡b hvI †hLv‡b e„wó n‡”Q gyljav‡i e„wói R‡j Mwo‡q hv‡”Q ARmª wjcw÷K, †gKAvc e`‡j hvIqv gvwUi w`b, gvwUi ivZ

†jwjnvb mva

GB duv‡K Avwg nvjbvMv` K‡i wbB Rsaiv mg¯Í gyn~Z©¸‡jv|

†mŠg¨ mv‡jK Iiv `yRb mvM‡i m~h©‡Wvev †`L‡Z wM‡qwQj| †f‡ewQj wd‡i hv‡e, Rxe‡bi msi³ m¾vq mg‡qi e‡i jxb n‡e jy‡Ucy‡U c‡_-cwihv‡b K¬všÍ n‡e my‡Li PiY cyÎKb¨vi †kv‡K gyn¨gvb welYœ `xN©ivZ †e`bvi MxZ n‡e Zvici †Kv‡bv GK wngiv‡Z njy` cvZvi g‡Zv wbtk‡ã S‡i hv‡e Iiv †f‡ewQj, Gme NU‡e bv †Kv‡bvKv‡j, Qov‡e bv †kvfv †Kej Pvwiw`K evov‡e iUbv Avi åvwšÍ wejv‡e c„w_exi AcÖwZg †jv‡K †jv‡K ...! †XD‡qi Zxeª cÖnv‡i cv_‡i cv_‡i †Mvcb Kvgbvi g‡Zv wbišÍ †L‡j hv‡e †mB DMÖ-¯^cœfvi Z‡U Zvi wSbyK Kzov‡e bv †KD! I‡`i †eva n‡jv AvK¯§vr : GB cy®úmܨvq n‡Z cv‡i Rxe‡bi Aemvb wKQy †kvfv w¯’i †nvK Rxe‡bi cv‡i A¯ÍivwMYxi Zv‡b †b‡g hvI ÿxYcÖvY wPiNy‡g, wPimyi Rv‡Mv ... m~h© †Wv‡e †Wv‡e, w`bivwÎi †mB Li-†gvnbvq Iiv Wz‡ewQj Ñ mܨvZviv‡`i †PvL †dvUvi AeKv‡k bxj-gË-g¾‡b ... Iiv `yRb mvM‡i m~h©‡Wvev †`L‡Z wM‡qwQj| 70


b‡Li AuvP‡o wnsmªZv bvmixb bCg Avwg †Zv wb‡Ri †fZ‡i wb‡RB GKwU FZz cwieZ©‡bi gvbwPÎ Gu‡KwQjvg ïay †Zvgv‡`i evavB Avgv‡K G‡Mv‡Z w`‡jv bv Avwg AvKvk †_‡K gvwU ch©šÍ nvZ-cv Qwo‡q ï‡q _vwK ZvB Avgvi †eva-eyw× me e‡Ui Qvqvq jywK‡q _v‡K|

myRb nvRvix

g›`vi gwb †_‡K wPév n«` ch©šÍ †nu‡U hvB †Zvgvi mÜv‡b Zzwg †h Avgvi ey‡Ki cuvRi UzK‡iv UzK‡iv K‡i w`‡q ej‡j, †ewi‡q hvI Ñ

g‡Âi Wvqv‡m Do‡Q iwOb †ejyb gvB‡µv‡dv‡bi gy‡LvgywL UMe‡M Ziæ‡Yi K‡É ¯úwa©Z D”PviY; ¯^‡cœi †P‡q eo n‡Z Pvq

Avwg N‡ii †`qv‡j †PvL ivwL †`wL GK‡Rvov wUKwUwK †j‡R †jR †cuwP‡q AvU‡K Av‡Q Iiv wK c‡o hv‡e bvwK Ic‡i DV‡e|

¯^Ztù‚Z© Djøv‡m UBU¤^yi ùxZ eyK gy‡L Dw`Z jvj m~‡h©i D¾¡j Avfv DrKxY© ev‡qvwbK †Pv‡L Av¸b DmKvq `yagvZv

ˆP‡Îi LiZvc `y‡Pv‡Li cvZvq R¡vjv aiv‡”Q Møy‡Kvgvi †ivMxi g‡Zv †Pv‡Li cvwb ïwK‡q †M‡Q Ñ ïay Av¸b Av¸b| `kUv AwMœwbe©vcK G‡mI G-Av¸b †bfv‡Z cvi‡Q bv Avwg wK †Mvi¯Ív‡b †cuŠ‡Q †MwQ?

¯^‡cœi †P‡q eo

g‡Â Kwe †egvbvb ¯^cœfyK ¯^‡cœiv ˆkk‡ei my‡ZvKvUv Nywo AvDk avb‡ÿ‡Z †iv``ycy‡i cÖRvcwZi wc‡Q cvjøv †`Š‡o bvwfk¦vm ivgaby-AuvKv AvKv‡k †gN‡ejv †cwi‡q ¯^cœevR ZiæY n‡e bgm¨ gvbweK Kwei mgvb eo gvbweK †KD bq|

MveMv‡Qi Nb †Sv‡ci duv‡K GKwU mv`v Kvco Szj‡Q †K Ly‡j wbj Avgvi mg¯Í Aveªæ Avjv‡c-wejv‡c †ek †Zv wQjvg g‡b c‡o GK mI`vMi e‡jwQj gvwU wKb‡Z G‡m wnsmªZv wK‡b wbjvg| 71


g„Z‡K wb‡q wLwjø Ki‡Z †bB †`evwkm jvnv g„Z‡K wb‡q wLwjø Ki‡Z †bB Ñ †m †hLv‡b †M‡Q, ZzwgI †mLv‡b hv‡e; eis wdmwdwm‡q †R‡b bvI, †mLv‡b dzj`vwb‡Z dzj ivLvi †Kv‡bv †iIqvR Av‡Q wKbv, †c÷ wKb‡Z fz‡j †M‡j gyL †avqvi weKí e¨e¯’vwU †Kgb; fv‡jvevmv LyuR‡Z wM‡q nvwi‡q hvIqv †g‡qUvi mv‡_ †`Lv nIqvi m¤¢vebvB ev KZUzKz! g„Z‡`i wb‡q wLwjø Ki‡Z †bB; Zviv †hLv‡b †M‡Q, †ZvgivI †mLv‡b hv‡e|

`xcÖ Aÿ‡iiv PvYK¨ ev‰o Aÿ‡iiv Av‡m ÑÑ AmsL¨ Abvn~Z Zxeª Aÿi Av‡m Avgvi N‡i Ñ Nigq K‡i IovDwo Ñ Z‡e wK njy` cvZvi wPwV‡Z Aby˜NvwUZ †Kv‡bv Ae‡PZ‡b wbgš¿Y cvwV‡qwQjvg †Kv‡bvw`b Ñ †hfv‡e †gŠgvwQ Av‡m, gayP‡µ Ñ †mBfv‡e †b‡P †b‡P, Mvb †M‡q †M‡q Av‡m G‡KKwU AwZw_-Aÿi Ñ hLb cvkvcvwk Av‡m, Kx A™¢zZ k‡ãi g~Q©bv n‡q hvq Iiv, Avwg we¯§‡q ïwb Ñ Avbg‡b ewj, e‡mv Ñ k㸇jv e‡m Ñ mvwi mvwi Ñ †hb wbcyY mwbœ‡ek GK Ñ A`„k¨ Bkviv †g‡b wb‡RivB e‡m †M‡Q h_vh_fv‡e Ñ †hfv‡e mvRv‡bv _v‡K cvcwo¸‡jv, AbvNªvZ dz‡j Ñ wKQz Avb‡Kviv, bZzb D”PviY cvV K‡i †h‡Z †h‡Z fvwe Ñ GB Zxeª Avi `xcÖ Aÿ‡iiv Z‡e KweZvi wbgš¿‡Y G‡mwQj eywS ... 72


†Qv †Qv UU MM íí

A‡Ü«i Aáiv eyjeb Imgvb

fv

‡`ªi AvKvk| wf‡±vwiqvi gv_vq †g‡Ni Qvqv| AvKvk †Nvjv‡U| kir wbe©vm‡b| cuvPR‡bi `‡j dRj wUwKU KvD›Uvi †_‡K A‡bKUv †cQ‡b| c_wb‡`©kK gvwbK me©v‡MÖ| cÖnivq cyiælKgx©i g‡a¨ GKRb hyeZx| GKnviv †Pnviv| nvjKv L‡qwi BDwbd‡g© †ek mcÖwZf| †UcvcyZ‡z ji Aeqe| †hŠe‡bi kÖx‡kvwfZ| dR‡ji Kv‡b Avm‡Q ... wUwKUg~‡j¨i `¯‘i| m‡½ PviRb evsjv‡`wk ... GKk UvKv ... cvi †nW ... dRj †g‡qwUi mvg‡b wM‡q ej‡j, Avgv‡`i wKQy bvkZv-UvkZv †`‡e| bv m¨vi ... nvmj †g‡qwU| fviZxq‡`i `k iæwc| d‡ibvi‡`i R‡b¨ mvZ‡kv iæwc| ïay Avcbviv evsjv‡`wk‡`i R‡b¨ GKk UvKv| Avm‡j mvK© Kvw›Uªi R‡b¨ ... ai‡e Kx K‡i Avwg evsjv‡`wk? m¨vi, Zv aivi Dcvq †bB| GUv wbf©i Ki‡Q Avcbv‡`i mZZvi Ici| wUwKU KvUv †kl| mevB MšÍe¨ Awfgy‡L| dRj‡K `‡ji wcQy bv wb‡Z †`‡L †g‡qwU ej‡j, Avwg A‡Ü«i †g‡q| evsjv ejQ my›`i| wZb eQi †cvw÷s n‡q‡Q ... AwZ fv‡jv ej‡Z cvwi bv| KvR Pvjvb ... A`~‡i gvwbK| nuvK| `v`v, mgq ms‡ÿc| AvmwQ| Kw`b _vK‡eb? we‡K‡j †cøb aie| GLvb †_‡K †mvRv †bZvwR myfvl| Avcwb Av‡M †`‡Lbwb? †ek K‡qKevi| m‡½i mevB cÖ_gevi KjKvZvq| Avgvi bv †M‡jI P‡j| Z‡e `‡j e‡j Avmv ... Zv wVK| Pwj| Avevi †`Lv n‡e| Avwg dRj ... Avgvi evwo Gw`‡K| AvivgevM ... AvivgevM wP‡Kb ... mviv KjKvZvq weL¨vZ|

74

bvg wR‡Ám Kwiwb ... gxbvÿx ... Avm‡j wgbvK&wm ... Avcbviv e‡jb gxbvÿx| wVK| c`g, Avgiv ewj c`¨| c`gv, Avgiv ewj cÙv| Pwj| bg¯‹vi ... bg¯‹vi ... `j †ek GwM‡q| cv‡qi wb‡P bywo-cv_‡i Pjvi MwZ evov‡bv hv‡”Q bv| kZ kZ †jv‡Ki c`fv‡i cy‡iv AÂj gm& gm& ... aŸwb-cÖwZaŸwb ... bywo‡Z cv †`‡e hv‡”Q| m¨v‡Ûj e‡j Av‡iv Amyweav| †dvmKv bv c‡o| Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í dRj Wv‡bi euvav‡bv dzUcv‡Zi w`‡K G‡Mvq| dzUcv‡Z D‡V GKUz wR‡ivq| Mv‡Qi Qvqv Avi kxZj mgxi Mv Rywo‡q †`q| Wv‡bi wSjUv nvjKv nvIqvq wZiwZi K‡i Kuvc‡Q| Zvi gb AZxZgyLx nq| g‡b c‡o ev‡j¨ †`Lv Ggwb `„k¨ gvgvevwo SvgwUqv MÖv‡g| nvIov †Rjvi IB MÖvgwU‡Z Zvi Rb¥| cÖvq `k eQi †K‡U‡Q| MÖv‡gi cÖwZwU AÂj wQj Zvi bL`c©‡Y| Pvi bvbvi cvkvcvwk PviwU mggv‡ci cøU Ñ bvg eoevMvb| GB


AjsKiY : Ave`ym kvKzi

evMv‡bi cv‡k gvwU KvUvi R‡b¨ GKUv †QvU LvZ wQj| cÖvqB Rj R‡g _vKZ| mvgvb¨ evZv‡m Gi DcwifvM Ggwb wZiwZi K‡i KuvcZ| GB Lv‡Zi cv‡kB wQj wµ‡KU †Ljvi gvV| cÖwZ †iveevi KjKvZv †_‡K AvmZ me gvgv| Zviv e¨vU-ej nv‡Z mKvj bUvq bvgZ gv‡V| †m ej Kzwo‡q w`Z| e¨vU ai‡Z fq jvMZ| 1950-Gi `v½vq Zvi †`k Qvo‡Z nq| †mBme bvbv-gvgv cÖvq mevB cÖqvZ| Zv‡`i Aeqe GL‡bv ¯úó| fve‡jB gb welYœZvq f‡i I‡V| †Kgb K‡i me IjUcvjU n‡q †Mj| AvR wbR †`‡k ci‡`wk| m¨vi ... m¨vi ... dR‡ji gMœZvq wPo| Kv‡b Avm‡Q Av‡iv GKUv aŸwb| †KD †hb bywo †f‡O `ªæZcv‡q GwM‡q Avm‡Q| wcQy wd‡i †m AevK| gxbvÿx| gxbvÿx nuvcv‡Z nuvcv‡Z dzUcv‡Z Av‡m| `g wb‡Z _v‡K| eyKUv DV‡Q-bvg‡Q| m¨vi, hw` wKQy g‡b bv K‡ib, GKUv K_v wR‡Ám Kie? wbf©‡q ... GUv Avgvi Abygvb m¨vi, fzj n‡j ÿgv Ki‡eb, Avcwb wK

GKRb ivBUvi? Pg‡K I‡V dRj| mvg‡j wb‡q †m M¤¢xi n‡q hvq| fv‡e, †g‡qwU †Kgb K‡i aviYv Kij! gvbyl cvnviv w`‡Z w`‡Z †ek GKUv ÿgZv AR©b K‡i‡Q| cÖ‡kœi Dˇi bv wM‡q †m e‡j, gxbvÿx, QywUi w`‡b ev Aemi mg‡q Zzwg †iW †iv‡Wi av‡i gv`yi wewQ‡q eo GKUv Mv‡Qi wb‡P e‡m hvI, Avi †cQ‡b GKUv cø¨vKvW© jvMvI, n¯Í‡iLvwe` ... Gevi Avwg †Zvgv‡K GKUv cÖkœ Kwi, Zzwg wK KweZv †j‡Lv? gxbvÿx M¤¢xi n‡q †Mj| ej‡j, m¨vi †iW †iv‡W gv`yi †Zv `y‡Uv cvZ‡Z n‡e| †Kb? cv‡kiUv Avcbvi R‡b¨| Gevi ˆØZ nvwm| dRj nvZ evwo‡q †`q| gxbvÿx nv‡Z nvZ iv‡L| DòZv jy‡Kv‡Z cvi‡Q bv †KD| †Zvgv‡`i A‡Ü« g~j fvlv Kx? †Z‡j¸| Z‡e D`y© Avi wnw›`I P‡j| Zzwg †Kvb fvlvq †j‡Lv?

75


†Z‡j¸| Aí¯^í wjwL m¨vi| Qvcv n‡q‡Q? n‡q‡Q K‡qKUv| Abyev` K‡ivwb? bv| Zv Kiv nqwb| Avgvi KweZv Abyev‡`i †hvM¨ wKbv Zv †Zv Rvwb bv| ZL‡bv Zv‡`i nv‡Z nvZ| Avwg †Zvgvi cvwY MÖnY Kijvg| i³ †L‡j †Mj gxbvÿxi gy‡L| Avwg gvÎ `k wgwbU weiwZ wb‡q G‡mwQ m¨vi| †m nvZ Qvwo‡q `ªæZ c`‡ÿ‡c wd‡i †h‡Z _v‡K| dR‡ji †PvL †d‡i bv| gxbvÿx, XvKvq †Zvgvi wbgš¿Y| †Rvi Mjvq nuvK dR‡ji| gxbvÿx Ny‡i `uvovq| Zvici `ªæZcv‡q wd‡i Av‡m| Zzwg cvm‡cvU© K‡iQ? bv| Zvn‡j XvKv hv‡e Kx K‡i? †Kb †h-†`kUv fvM n‡jv ... gxbvÿxi ¯^M‡Zvw³| †`k fvM nIqvq Avgiv gviv c‡owQ Ñ evOvwj Avi cvÄvweiv| †Zvgv‡`i Kx? GB †h Avwg XvKv †h‡Z cviwQ bv! ï‡bwQ Avcbv‡`i †g‡qiv Avgv‡`i †P‡q A‡bK GwM‡q‡Q? Zv wVK ï‡bQ| †`L‡Qb †Zv Avgiv Kxfv‡e G‡d‡±W n‡qwQ! wVK †Zv! Ggb K‡i †Zv KL‡bv fvwewb! Avwg ï‡bwQ Avcbv‡`i GbwRI¸‡jv †g‡q‡`i †gvUimvB‡Kj wK‡b w`‡q‡Q| Zviv MÖv‡g MÖv‡g gvbyl‡K wkwÿZ K‡i Zzj‡Q| Gme mwVK ï‡bQ| MÖv‡gvbœq‡b miKv‡ii cvkvcvwk GbwRI¸‡jvi Kw›UªweDkb GKUv eo e¨vcvi| GbwRI K‡i Avgv‡`i †`‡k GKRb †Zv bvBU Dcvwa ch©šÍ †c‡q‡Qb| wekvj AiMvbvB‡Rkb| wek¦we`¨vjq ch©šÍ Av‡Q| m¨vi Pwj| mwZ¨ Avgvi Kvj‡ÿc‡Yi Dcvq †bB| A‡bK Kb‡U÷ K‡i PvKwiUv †c‡qwQ| bv, Zzwg hvI| ïay Avgvi wbgš¿‡Yi K_v fz‡jv bv| g‡b _vK‡e m¨vi| cÖvq Wvej gvP© K‡i gxbvÿx G‡Mvq| gxbvÿx P‡j hvIqvi ci dR‡ji g‡b n‡jv, Av‡i Ii †Zv GKUv Qwe †Zvjv n‡jv bv! A‡bKUv GwM‡q †M‡Q| GLb Avi †div‡bv hvq bv| `‡ji cÖwZ AvbyMZ¨ bv †`wL‡q dRj axicv‡q †g‡gvwiqv‡ji cvk w`‡q GwM‡q P‡j| ¯’vcZ¨Kg©wU †hgb cÖKvÐ, †Zgwb LyZ u nxb| ¯’cwZ m¨vi DBwjqvg Ggvimb‡K ab¨ev` Rvbvb| 1906 mv‡j jW© KvR©b KZ…K © wfwËcÖ¯iÍ ¯’vcb| GB †g‡gvwiqv‡ji wPšÍvI Zuvi| 1901 mv‡j| RbM‡Yi R‡b¨ Db¥y³ 28 wW‡m¤^i 1921| ZvRgnj †j‡MwQj 20-22 eQi ... GwUI 15 eQi| wesk kZ‡Ki wØZxq ZvRgnj ejv P‡j| mvZvbœ GKi RvqMv Ry‡o Ae¯’vb| KjKvZvi Ab¨Zg †kÖô AvKl©Y| †m †ekwKQy Qwe †bq bvbv A¨v‡½‡j| nVvr Zvi †j‡Ý evav †`q `~‡ii GKUv L¨vsivKvwV| GwU GKwU feb| KjKvZv †Kb mviv fviZe‡l©i m‡e©v”P ¯’vcbv| 42bs †PŠi½x‡Z Aew¯’Z e‡j Gi bvg n‡q †M‡Q 42bs evwo| 64 Zjv febwU K¨v‡givq GKUv KvwVi g‡Zv jvM‡Q| Avi wf‡±vwiqv? mv`v gv‡e©‡j| IRbUv gvc Kiv hv‡e bv| febkx‡l© Kv‡jv i‡Oi ïay †eªv‡Äi weRq †`exi IRbB wZb Ub| D”PZv 16 dzU| g~wZ©i Kv‡jv is dR‡ji fv‡jv jv‡M bv| ïay g~wZ©wU ZvK K‡i Qwe Zzj‡Z wM‡q †`‡L GUv a~mi

76

n‡q hv‡”Q| Avi cÖwZevi IUv gxbvÿxi Av`‡j iƒcvšÍwiZ| †m Qwe †Zvjv eÜ K‡i| eis bRi †`q D`¨v‡b| mey‡Ri mgv‡ivn| †Kv_vI †Kv‡bv gqjv †bB| cwicvwU| †PvLRyov‡bv| wmœ»| Avevi wm×všÍ, †fZ‡i hv‡e bv| fe‡bi †cQbw`K †`L‡e| †mfv‡e AMÖmi| †cQbUvq Z`viKKvix‡`i emevm| wKQyUv kÖxÿzY|œ fviZxq cuv`vo wK G‡Kev‡i D‡e hv‡e! Zey hZUv iÿv Kiv hvq †Zgb| `je‡ji wb®Œv‡šÍi mgq| mvg‡bi AwfgyL| LvwbK ci| gvwb‡Ki wPrKvi| IB †h `v`v! Avgiv mevB Avcbv‡K Ly‡u R †eovw”Q| Avwg †eovw”Q| Lye fv‡jv| GKUv Lei †`‡eb †Zv! wf‡±vwiqvi gv_vq †`‡LQ? †`‡LwQ| Kx IUv? cwi| cwi! Z‡e Kx? weRq †`ex| gv Kvjx| Zv-B e‡U| GUvB G-fe‡bi LyZ u | Avgvi g‡Z| mv`v-Kv‡jv memgq Lo&Mn¯Í| Kx n‡j fv‡jv n‡Zv? a~mi| Zvn‡j gxbvÿx‡K cvIqv †hZ ... g‡b g‡b D”PviY dR‡ji| P‡jv, G‡Mv‡bv hvK ... Gqvi‡cv‡U© †ek Av‡M †cuŠQ‡Z nq| cÖ‡ekcÖv‡šÍ G‡m wcwQ‡q c‡o dRj| gxbvÿx e¨¯Í| wgm A‡Ü« ... gyL †Zv‡j gxbvÿx| g‡b Av‡Q †Zv ... cvm‡cvU© ... Avgiv hviv wmwKDwiwU‡Z PvKwi Kwi, cvm‡cvU© †c‡Z †ek Sv‡gjv m¨vi ... Av”Qv, Sv‡gjv wK‡m bq| Rb¥MÖnYI †Zv GKUv me‡P‡q eo Sv‡gjv| gv‡K †Zv mivmwi Kó ... evwoi meviI DrKÉv ... gv‡qi †c‡U †Zvgvi k¦v‡mi †Kv‡bv Sv‡gjv wQj bv? †hB gnvk~‡b¨ AvMgb ... wPrKvi ... G †Kv_vq Gjvg ... GZ Av‡jv ... GZ kã ... wb‡R‡K k¦vm wb‡Z n‡e ... Ily‡ai MÜ ... Zzwg wPrKvi ... evwoi mevi gy‡L nvwm ... Avgvi R‡b¥i mgq evwoi Kv‡iv gy‡L nvwm †dv‡Uwb m¨vi| gv‡b! Avwg †g‡q ... AšÍivZ¥v ¯Íä dR‡ji| †m wb‡RI nvm‡Z cvij bv| eo Mfxi Awf‡hvM| cÖm½všÍi| †m ej‡j, gxbvÿx, †Zvgvi GKUv Qwe †be? gxbvÿxi †PvL-gy‡L Aciv‡ai Qvqv| m¨vi, GZ wmwKDwiwUi hš¿cvwZi g‡a¨ Qwe †bIqv ... mwi m¨vi ... Zvi KÉ ï‡b dR‡ji g‡b n‡jv †Kv_vq †hb wgqv wK †Uvwo iv‡M †KD m‡iv‡` Avjvc aij| r


77


†Qv †Qv UU MM íí

Kv‡qg †gvjøvi Ni ˆk‡jb miKvi

d

imv †mB g¨vWv‡gi Mv‡q evejvi Wvj AvU‡K wM‡qwQj| Avi GB kvwo ev Kvc‡o AvU‡K hvIqv evejvi Wvj Qvov‡bvi e¨vcviUv †Zv Avi G‡KKR‡bi †ÿ‡Î G‡KK iKg n‡e bv! AvU‡K hvIqv †Ui †c‡ZB Zzwg fve‡j, G Avi Kx, GKUz Uvb‡jB ...| Zuvi Pvicv‡k ZLb ewWMvW©, Awdmvi, †bZv Guiv †KDB wbwðZ ïiæ‡Z eyS‡Z cv‡iwb e¨vcviUv Avi †hgb nq, KvD‡K eyS‡Z bv w`‡q g¨vWvg wb‡RB GKev‡ii †Póvq Qvov‡Z †M‡Qb WvjUv‡K| Avi ZLbB Zv †Pv‡L c‡o _vK‡e †mB ewWMvW© cywjk ev Awdmvi‡`i, Avi Zuv‡`i WvKvWvwK‡Z †g‡qcywjkiv Qy‡U Avm‡e| evejvi KuvUv GKevi Rwo‡q †M‡j, Zv Qvov‡bv †h `y-`‡Ði KvR bq, Zv †Zvgvi g¨vWvg Avi Rvb‡e †Kv‡Ì‡K? ejv †h‡Z cv‡i, †Zvgvi g¨vWvg‡K cy‡ei ev`vi †mB b`xeuv‡a †h‡Z †`IqvUvB fzj KvR n‡qwQj| wKš‘ g¨vWvg wb‡R †h‡Z PvB‡j evav †`‡e †K? b`xeuva †mLv‡b †f‡O wM‡q GZUvB miæ †h, GKR‡bi c‡ÿ nuvUvB gykwK‡ji| ewWMvW© e‡jv Avi cywjk e‡jv, †Zvgvi cv‡k cv‡k †nu‡U †h evejvi Wvj ev Ab¨ †h-†Kv‡bv Mv‡Qi Wvjcvjv c_ †_‡K mwi‡q †`‡e Zvi Dcvq †Kv_vq? nu¨v, GKUvB Dcvq wQj, g¨vWvg hvIqvi Av‡M Av‡M wM‡q KvUvwi w`‡q Wvj¸wj‡K †Qu‡U †`Iqv| wKš‘ g¨vWv‡gi B‡”Q Ggb †j‡U Rvbv †Mj, Avi GZUvB †kl gyn~‡Z© †h Kivi wQj bv wKQyB| †g‡qcywjkiv hLb †mB evejvi KuvUv Rov‡bv kvwo wb‡q bv‡Rnvj n‡”Q, evwK Awdmvi ev †Q‡jcywjk ev wmwfj fjvw›Uqviiv ZLb Wvbw`K-euvw`‡Ki wKQy `~i‡Z¡ m‡i Ab¨w`‡K ZvwK‡q| Gu‡`i A‡b‡KB Av‡M R½j †`‡Lwb| wWGg g¨vWv‡gi m½x n‡q eviæBcyi ev kni KjKvZv †_‡K G‡m‡Q| R½‡ji †N‡ii GB cy‡ei ev`vi euva-jv‡Mvqv R½j G‡Kev‡i A‡bKUv RvqMv Ry‡oB| GB euv‡ai Ici `uvwo‡qI R½‡ji †kl gv_vi b`xi Rj †Pv‡L covi K_v bq Kv‡iv| Avi evejv Qvov ev`evwK

78

MvQ¸wji bvg R½‡ji Avkcv‡ki gvbyl bv n‡j Rvb‡eUv †K? eo‡Rvi Kv`v dzu‡o gvwUi evB‡i †ewi‡q G‡m Lvov n‡q AvKv‡ki w`‡K ZvwK‡q _vKv g~j †`‡L †QvU‡ejvi cvV¨eB‡qi K_v g‡b co‡e| Kx †hb bvg, Kx †hb ejv nq G‡K? w`b`ycy‡i R½j wbR©b LyeB| gv‡Sg‡a¨ KU&KU& k‡ã †W‡K D‡V †Kv‡bv cvwL Pzc K‡i hvq nVvr| ejv hvq euv‡ai Ici †_‡K MvQcvjvi gv_vq-gv_vq R½jUv‡K †`L‡Z wM‡q g¨vWv‡gi nq‡Zv fv‡jv †j‡M wM‡qwQj Lye| †g‡qcywj‡kiv Zuvi kvwoi Mv †_‡K evejvi Wvj Qvwo‡q †`Iqvi ciI g¨vWvg bv n‡j †Kb †mB euva a‡i Av‡iv K‡qK cv GwM‡q hv‡eb? g¨vWvg bvwK Rvb‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb, ÔGLv‡b _v‡K †KD?Õ ev nq‡Zv GUv evwo‡qB ejv, wZwb nq‡Zv Rv÷ AevK n‡q `uvwo‡q wM‡qwQ‡jb| ev n‡Z cv‡i Zuvi `uvwo‡q covi fw½‡ZB cÖkœ wQj †Kv‡bv| AwLj `vmB


AjsKiY : Ave`ym kvKzi bvwK ZLb Rvwb‡qwQ‡jb, ÔGUv Kv‡qg †gvjøvi Ni g¨vWvg, I Ii eDev”Pv wb‡q _v‡K GLv‡b|Õ Zvn‡j c‡ii K_vUvI Abygvb K‡i wb‡Z nq AwLj `vm‡K, A_©vr Wv‡Kv Kv‡qg †gvjøv‡K| AwLj `vm ZLb bvwK Nveov‡”Qb g‡b g‡b| fve‡Qb, cy‡ei ev`vq bZzb GKUv †RwUi cø¨v‡bi ev‡ivUv evRj Zvn‡j| nu¨v, †eAvBwb †Zv e‡UB| R½‡ji g‡a¨ Ni K‡i evm Ki‡Z cv‡iv bv †Zv Zzwg| MÖv‡gi GZ RvqMv _vK‡Z R½‡j †Kb? AwLj `vm ZLb euv‡ai Mv †e‡q G‡Kev‡i R½‡jB †b‡g †M‡Qb| jvj KuvKov¸wj Zvi cv noKv‡bvi kã †c‡q G‡Kev‡i myo–r myo–r K‡i hvi hvi M‡Z© A`„k¨ n‡”Q| fvUv ïiæ n‡q †M‡Q, euv‡ai duvK-†dvK‡i Xz‡K hvIqv †Rvqv‡ii Rj GLvb-ILvb †_‡K Mwo‡q bvg‡Q| momo kã n‡”Q| AwLj `v‡mi †cQ‡b euv‡ai Ici g¨vWv‡gi cv‡k ZLb wewWI mv‡ne, _vbvi eoevey| GKUv †g‡qcywjk g¨vWv‡gi

gv_vq QvZv a‡i `uvwo‡q| `~‡i †gjvi gv‡V evDjMvb evR‡Q| Avi ˆekv‡Li evZvm MvbUv‡K G‡jv‡g‡jv Kuvwc‡q `~‡ii bv-†`Lv b`xUv‡K cvi K‡i G‡Kev‡i R½j Qvwo‡q wb‡q hv‡”Q †Kv_vI| cy‡Rv n‡e b`xi Icv‡i †mB ebwewei _v‡b| †jvK Avm‡e `~‡ii kni eviæBcyiB ïay eje †Kb, Avm‡e KjKvZv †_‡KI| GB GKUv gvÎ w`b `~‡ii gvbyl R½‡ji †N‡ii bvg Rvb‡e| GKwU w`‡bB mKvj AvUUv †_‡K we‡Kj cuvPUvi g‡a¨ K‡qK nvRvi †Kb, jvL †jvK‡K b`x cvivcvi Kiv‡Z n‡e| GKwU †RwU ZvB Lye `iKvi GB cy‡ei ev`vq| A‡bK †Póv K‡i ZvB g¨vWvg‡K| ... ÔKv‡qg, Kv‡qg AvwQm bvwK N‡i?Õ euva †_‡K †b‡g Kv‡q‡gi N‡i DuwK †`IqvUv wVK n‡e wKbv fvewQj AwLj `vm| MivbMvQUv bv †cwi‡qB wZwb †di WvK‡jb,

79


ÔKv‡qg, GB Kv‡qg|Õ N‡ii gv_vq †iv`-R‡ji Avov‡ji Rb¨ cøvw÷K †ccvi †mjvB K‡i Ry‡o †`Iqv| cøvw÷K †ccvi gv‡b e¨vbvi| †Kv‡bvUv‡Z Kv‡¯Í-nvZzwo, †Kv‡bvUv‡Z GmBDwmi UP© Avevi †Kv‡bvUv‡Z Nvmdzj| MZ cÂv‡qZ B‡jKk‡bi| mvov bv †c‡q Gevi GKUz nZvk n‡qB †cQb wd‡i euv‡ai w`‡K ZvKv‡jb f`ª‡jvK| _vbvi eoevey Drmvn †`wL‡q ZLb c¨v›U ¸‡Uv‡”Qb| wmwfK cywj‡kiv †gvevB‡j Qwe Zzj‡Q Zv‡`i eoeveyi| g¨vWv‡gi cv‡k `uvwo‡q _vKv wewWI †`L‡jb, wmwcG‡gi GB `vcy‡U †bZv Dey n‡q gvwU‡Z †`L‡Qb wKQy| ÔKx n‡jv AwLjevey, †c‡jb wKQy?Õ Ôcv‡qi `vM, m¨vi|Õ ÔKvi cv‡qi `vM?Õ Ôev‡Ni m¨vi|Õ Ôe‡jvb Kx?Õ Ônu¨v m¨vi, Z‡e IB N‡ii Pvicv‡k Ny‡i‡QB ïay, Gici b`xi w`‡K, †`Lyb m¨vi, †`L‡Z cv‡”Qb?Õ g¨vWv‡gi †Pv‡L Kv‡jv Pkgv| cv‡k `uvwo‡q _vKv †g‡qcywjk‡`i g‡a¨ bovPov †`‡L AwLj `vm ej‡jb, Ôfq †bB, GUv AšÍZ `yw`b Av‡Mi|Õ eoevey c¨v›U †MvUv‡bv eÜ K‡i nuv K‡i ZvwK‡q †`L‡Qb AwLjevey‡K| ÔAvcbviv †Zv wµwgbvj gkvB, GKUv †jv‡Ki N‡ii Pvicv‡k evN Ny‡i †eov‡”Q, Avi Zvi GKUz RvqMvi e¨e¯’v Ki‡Z cvi‡jb bv? ZvQvov, GB †h R½‡ji g‡a¨ Ni ˆZwi K‡i _vKv, GUv †eAvBwb bq?Õ K_vUv e‡jB eoevey d‡i÷ Awdmv‡ii w`‡K ZvKv‡jb| f`ª‡jvK bZzb G‡m‡Qb, R½‡ji g‡a¨ †h GKwU †gjv n‡Z cv‡i, Avi †mB †gjvq nvRvi nvRvi †jvK wfo Ki‡Z cv‡i †R‡b wb‡RB Zv¾e G‡Kev‡i| wdmwdm K‡i ej‡jb, ÔAvgv‡K e‡j Kx jvf, KvV Pzwi AvUKv‡Z †c‡i‡Qb? wmwfK fjvw›Uqviiv Lei †`q bv †Kv‡bv|Õ g¨vWvg Gevi cv‡k `uvwo‡q _vKv wewWI‡K ej‡jb wKQy| Avi Zv ï‡bB wewWI WvK‡jb AwLjevey‡K| Ô†Q‡o w`b gkvB, evN Ny‡i †eov‡”Q, Avcwb ïay ïay Avgv‡`i K_vq ... †m Avi GK Sv‡gjv| N‡i †bB †KD, gv‡b Ii eD?Õ ÔI m¨vi GZ †jvKRb †`‡L Avi K_v ï‡b fq †c‡q †M‡Q|Õ ÔN‡i DuwK w`‡q †`Lyb bv GKUz ...|Õ ÔG m¨vi bv‡gB Ni, mv‡ci evmvI ej‡Z cv‡ib, GB †h Miv‡bi WvjUv †`L‡Z cv‡”Qb, Xz‡K †M‡Q Nvmdzj Avi Kv‡¯Í nvZzwoi duvK M‡j, GUv‡Z eb‡KD‡U †cuwP‡q _v‡K GKUv, Kv‡qg †gvjøv Ii eD-ev”Pv‡K wb‡q Kxfv‡e GLv‡b _v‡K Zv ïay I-B Rv‡b|Õ ÔAvcwb GKRb `vwqZ¡kxj †bZv n‡q wKQy Ki‡Z cvi‡jb bv Ii Rb¨?Õ Ô†`e Kx, Ii †Zv †`Lv cvIqvB fvi m¨vi| AvR nq‡Zv gbmy‡ii †bŠKvq LvjcvUv Rvj Ki‡Z †Mj, wdi‡e aiæb mvZ-`k w`b c‡i, Gevi wdi‡jB †h I‡K cv‡eb Zvi wK wVK Av‡Q †Kv‡bv? MÖv‡gi GZ evB‡i GB R½‡j †K GLv‡b I‡K LyuR‡Z Avm‡e ejyb m¨vi|Õ Ô`y‡Uv gvÎ †fvU †Zv, ZvB g‡b ivL‡Z cv‡ib bv|Õ Ô†Zgb bq m¨vi, I‡`i †Zv †fvUvi KvW©B †bB|Õ Ô†ikb KvW©?Õ ÔZvI †bB, I‡`i †Zv †Kv‡bv WKz‡g›UB †bB|Õ ÔZvi gv‡b `y-UvKv †KwR Pvj ev Mg, wKsev Avqjvi Pvj Ñ wKQyB bv?Õ

80

eviæBcyi †_‡K †mevi GmwWI g¨vWvg G‡mwQ‡jb| †mUv Aek¨B fvM¨ R½‡ji †Ni MÖv‡gi| gv‡Sg‡a¨ cywjk †XvKv Qvov miKvwi †jvK Avi Av‡m †Kv_vq! †gvU †fvUvi nvRvi Q‡qK| wn›`y-gymwjg IB †m‡fw›U-_vwU©| wKQy Avw`evmx Av‡Q euv‡ai Mv‡q Ñ IB cy‡ei ev`v‡ZB| Iiv KuvKov aivi †jvK| †QvU wWwO †bŠKvq eD-†Q‡j-†g‡q wb‡q †ewi‡q co‡e| Pv‡li g‡a¨ Avgb Avi mewR| mewR Pv‡l GLb †Rvi w`‡q‡Q mevB| Xu¨vok, Kijv, web, kmv| me evwoB cvKv n‡q hv‡”Q †Pv‡Li mvg‡b| me evwo, me iv¯Ív| Av‡M GB cy‡ei ev`v †_‡K evRv‡i †h‡Z †M‡j nuvU‡Z n‡Zv cv°v GK NÈv, GLb †mLv‡b †gvUif¨vb| gvÎ c‡b‡iv wgwb‡UB mewR †evSvB K‡i P‡j hvI| Avi cvBKviivI me `uvwo‡q _vK‡e †mLv‡b| eo iv¯Ívi UªvK †mB mewR wb‡q hv‡e G‡Kev‡i RvgZjv, eviæBcyi n‡q wkqvj`v| `vweUv wQj mevi, K_vUv wQj AwLjeveyiB| mewKQyB n‡jv, ïay ev` _vKj GKUv †RwU| cy‡ei ev`vi †RwU| KuvKovi †bŠKv, gv‡Qi †bŠKv mevB‡K `uvov‡Z nq euv‡ai Mv eivei| Avi n¨vcv †cvnv‡Z nq †Rvqvi-fvUvi| Ggwb‡Z GB Luvwo wbivc` Lye| eo gvZjv †_‡K A‡bKUv R½‡ji Avovj wb‡q Z‡e b`xeuva| GKevi †Kv‡bvg‡Z R½j dzu‡o Luvwo‡Z Xz‡K co‡Z cvi‡jB †Kv÷vj e‡jv Avi d‡i‡÷i †bŠKv e‡jv _g‡K hv‡e evB‡iB| R½‡ji †N‡ii MÖv‡gi †jvKRb‡K fq cvq mevB| GgbwK evB‡i †h †hLv‡b cv‡iv LybLvivwe K‡i GKevi GLv‡b Xz‡K co‡Z cvi‡jB ¯^w¯Í| †K Avi Lyu‡R cv‡e †Zvgv‡K? evB‡i †_‡K hZ cv‡iv †PvivB gvj G‡b Xz‡K c‡ov GLv‡b, Zvici nv‡Zi gvj Qwo‡q `vI Pvicv‡k| w`wjø †_‡K †mevi †gw`bxcy‡ii myej cuwPkUv †PvivB †gvevBj G‡b evBk nvRv‡ii †gvevBj wewµ Kij Rv÷ AvU nvRv‡i| Ii K_vq, †gvevB‡ji Mv‡q hZB hv b¤^i _vKzK, †Zvgvi IB KjKvZvi jvjevRv‡ii †jvK hLbB †`L‡e, MÖvgR½‡ji †Ni, Zÿzwb cvwU©‡K nvj Qvo‡Z ej‡e| ej‡e, †gvevBj wb‡q Iiv †KD AšÍZ eviæBcyi G‡jI ...| wKš‘ GB †gvevBj wb‡q †KD eviæBcyi `~‡ii K_v, RqbMiB cvi nq bv| R½‡ji †Ni myZivs me AvB‡bi evB‡i _v‡K| Avi Gi g‡a¨B Kx K‡i Kx K‡i GKw`b Kv‡qg †gvjøv nvwRi n‡q hvq| G‡Kev‡i †eu‡ULv‡Uv, Kv‡jv Avi MvÆv‡MvÆv †Pnvivi GKUv gvbyl| m‡½ eD GKUv| Aek¨ †g‡qUv †h Ii eD Zvi Avjv`v †Zv cÖgvY †bB †Kv‡bv| MÖv‡g XzKj †iRvD‡ji †gvUif¨v‡b| †iRvD‡ji K_vq, D‡VwQj gv‡Si †Lqv †_‡K Avi cuvPUv c¨v‡mÄv‡ii g‡ZvB| Gevi mevB hLb †b‡g hv‡”Q kwbev‡ii evRv‡i ZL‡bv I‡`i e‡m _vK‡Z †`‡L †iRv Rvb‡Z †P‡qwQj, Ôhv‡e †Kv_vq?Õ †eu‡ULv‡Uv †jvKUv Rvwb‡qwQj, ÔR½‡ji †gjvq|Õ ÔR½‡ji †gjv †Zv GLb Kx? GUv †Zv m‡e dvêyb|Õ †iRv †`‡L e¨vUv me Rv‡b, e‡j wK bv, Ô†m †Zv Rvwb Avwg, ej‡Z †P‡qwQ, ILv‡b Avgvi †Pbv gvbyl Av‡Q, hv‡ev Zvi evwo|Õ A_©vr †iRv‡K G‡Kev‡i wb‡Ri evwo‡ZB G‡b nvwRi Ki‡Z n‡jv| Mvwo _vwg‡q ejj, ÔGB †Zvgvi R½‡ji †gjv, Gevi Kvi evwo hv‡e e‡jv?Õ †iRvi cÖkœ ï‡b †jvKUv wb‡Ri eD‡qi Kv‡bi Kv‡Q gyL wb‡q ejj Kx †hb| Gi g‡a¨B wfo R‡g †M‡Q †ek| AwLj `vm G‡jb| G‡jb evmy ˆeivMx| iwng‡K WvK Kiv‡bv n‡jv evwo †_‡K| AwLj `v‡mi WvK ï‡b iwng AevK Lye| A‡bK w`b n‡jv RvnvR †_‡K †Zj bvgv‡Z hvqwb †m, Zvn‡j nVvr †Kb? iwng‡K WvKvi KviY †evSv †Mj c‡i| Giv †Nvovgvivi| Mv‡Oi `vc‡U Ni cvwbi Zjvq| iwn‡gi k¦ïievwoI


†Zv †mLv‡b| iwng‡K †`wL‡q Rvb‡Z PvIqv n‡jv, †P‡b wKbv| WvK Kiv‡bv n‡jv Ii eD‡KI| bv, Iiv †KDB †P‡b bv KvD‡K| Zvn‡j? Gevi †iRvi gv-B ejj, ÔivZUv KvUvK GLv‡b, Kvj †`Lv hv‡e| eDUvi ev”Pv Av‡Q †c‡U|Õ †m-me eQi wZb-Pvi Av‡MKvi K_v| Kv‡qg †gvjøv m¤^‡Ü Avi we‡kl wKQyB Avi Kv‡iv g‡b †bB| Avm‡j MÖv‡gi GZUvB evB‡i hw` Zzwg _v‡Kv, Avi MÖv‡gi †Kv‡bv e¨vcv‡i †Zvgv‡K hw` bv cvq, Zvn‡j †KD Avi Kxfv‡eB ev g‡b ivL‡e †Zvgv‡K? eo‡Rvi hvi hvi gv‡Qi †bŠKv Av‡Q ZvivB| Zv‡`iB ïay g‡b ivL‡Z nq Kv‡qg †gvjøv‡K| PicvUv ev LvjcvUv †h RvjB †nvK Kv‡qg †gvjøv‡K WvK‡Z n‡eB| ejv hvq, Kv‡qg †gvjøvi Pvwn`v Av‡Q| LvU‡Z cv‡i †jvKUv, mvnm Lye| cxiLvwji R½j ev j²xi Lvj, †hLv‡bB †nvK †mB Mfxi iv‡Z nv‡Z GKUv gkvj w`‡q †Q‡o `vI, I wVK ivÿz‡m nuv Kiv R½‡ji w`‡K Lv‡ji †kl gv_v eivei gvQ Kz‡ov‡Z QyU‡e| mvc e‡jv ev evN ev Kzwgi Ñ wKQy‡ZB Ii MÖvn¨ †bB †Kv‡bv| †Mj cÂv‡q‡Z Ii bvg †Zvjvi K_v D‡VwQj GKevi| wmwcGg, GmBDwm ev Z…Yg~j Kv‡iv G‡ÿ‡Î evav wQj bv †Kv‡bv| †ePviv Av‡Q hLb GLv‡b GKUv AšÍZ KvMRI _vKzK| ZvQvov Ni A¨vjU n‡j Zvi Rb¨I †Zv KvMR jvM‡e GKUv| ÔAv‡M †fv‡U bvg D‡VwQj †Zvi? †fvU w`‡qwQj †Kv‡bv w`b?Õ †fvU w`‡q‡Q †evSv †Mj| †Kbbv, AwLj `vm G‡Kev‡i jvB‡b `uvov‡bv †_‡K wmøc †bIqv ev †evZvg †Ucvi meKUv ch©vq a‡i a‡i wR‡Ám K‡i DËi wb‡q‡Qb| ÔQweIjv KvW© wQj †Zvi?Õ AwLj `vm G‡Kev‡i wb‡Ri †fvUvi KvW© †`wL‡qB wR‡Ám K‡i‡Qb I‡K| bv, wVK DËi w`‡Z cvi‡Q bv wKQy‡ZB| Ôeqm KZ †Zvi, ej‡Z cviwe? Av‡M †hLv‡b wQwj †mLvb †_‡K KvMR Avb‡Z cviwe †Kv‡bv?Õ Ii K_vq, GK iv‡Z G‡Kev‡i nVvr K‡iB I‡`i Ni ...| Ôe¨vUv, nvev bvwK, cy‡iv ej‡Z cvwim bv?Õ cvk †_‡K †KD GKRb Ii eD‡qi K_v Zz‡j Rvb‡Z †P‡qwQj, eD‡qi †c‡U †Zv ev”Pv wb‡q G‡mwQwj, G eD †Kv_vq †cwj ZzB? †ek fv‡jv cÖkœ †Zv! AwLj `vm AevK n‡jb Lye| wVKB †Zv| ÔZzB ejwj, nVvr K‡iB IB Ni ... †mUv Z‡e n‡jv K‡e? GLv‡b hLb Gwj, ZLb †Zvi eD‡qi cuvP-Q gv‡mi †cU, Zvi gv‡b AšÍZ gvm Av‡UK Av‡M we‡q n‡q‡Q †Zv‡`i| Gevi ej, K‡e we‡q n‡jv, ev †K we‡q w`‡jv, gv‡b we‡qi e¨e¯’vUv Kij †K?Õ †KDB bvwK e¨e¯’v K‡i †`qwb| gv‡b we‡qB nqwb I‡`i| KZ K_v †h †Mvcb _v‡K gvby‡li! †Kv‡bvg‡Z cÖvY euvwP‡q w`b mv‡ZK bvwK ILv‡bB gv‡b †Nvovgvivi †mB wb‡Ri MÖv‡gB KvwU‡q‡Q Kv‡qg| Gici †KD R½‡ji K_v ejvq ...| Ô†Zvi eD?Õ Ii m‡½ †`Lv 8 b¤^i jv‡Ui Nv‡U| †jvKUv‡K Zvi gv‡b hZUv mnR fvev wM‡qwQj ZZUv mnR bq| ZvQvov I Av‡`Š †Nvovgvivi †jvK wKbv ZviB ev wVK wK? cy‡ivUvB †Zv evbv‡bv Mí n‡Z cv‡i| hv MvÆv‡MvÆv †Pnviv Avi hv mvnm Zv‡Z †Zv I‡K Lye mnR †jvK Avi g‡b n‡”Q bv GLb| kvjv †Kv_vI WvKvwZ-dvKvwZ K‡i ev cqmv wb‡q gvW©vi K‡i GLv‡b jy‡Kv‡Z G‡m‡Q wKbv †K Rv‡b? Kv‡qg †gvjøv‡K NuvUv‡bv n‡jv bv Avi| wVK n‡jv, †Nvovgviv‡Z iwn‡gi k¦ïievwo hLb, ZLb I‡KB GKevi †LuvR wb‡Z cvVv‡bv n‡e| GKUv †jv‡Ki

hZB Nievwo Zwj‡q hvK, †`kevwoi †Kv‡bv KvMR _vK‡e bv Zvi Kv‡Q, GUv nq? cÂv‡q‡Zi Kv‡Q PvB‡j w`Z bv †Kv‡bv KvMR? iwng ejj, Ii k¦ï‡iivI bvwK GLv‡b _v‡K bv Avi| ÔZvn‡j _v‡K †Kv_vq?Õ †m bvwK IiI Rvbv †bB wVKg‡Zv| ÔZvi gv‡b ZzB k¦ïievwo hvm bv? †Zvi eD?Õ Ôhv‡e Kx fv‡e? †klevi k¦ïievwo wM‡q cv‡ki evwoi jwZdv‡K Zz‡j Avbj bv, IB †h Ii `yB b¤^i eD, Avi hvq ILv‡b? ZvQvov GLvb †_‡K †Nvovgviv hvIqvi SÅvU wK Kg? GLvb †_‡K †gvUif¨v‡b hvI gv‡Si †Lqv, Gici f¨v‡b ivqw`wN| ILvb †_‡K ev‡m †nvK wK A‡Uv‡Z gayivcyi †÷kb, ILvb †_‡K bvgLvbv †jvKv‡j KvKØxc, ILvb †_‡K †Uv‡Uv‡Z 8 b¤^i jvU, Gici fUfwU| cy‡iv GK †ejvi e¨vcvi, Avi UvKv? LvIqv wb‡q GK-GKR‡bi AšÍZ `y‡kv| `yR‡bi Pvi‡kv| Kv‡qg †gvjøvi K_v myZivs fz‡jB †h‡Z nq mevB‡K| GgbwK Ii e¨vcv‡i †LuvRLei wb‡q Avmvi Rb¨ iwng‡K cvVv‡bvi K_vI Avi Kv‡iv g‡b _v‡K bv| wKš‘ IB †h, wKQy gvby‡li nVvr nVvr K‡i G‡Kev‡i fzm K‡i †R‡M IVvi Af¨vm _v‡K Ggb| nq‡Zv wb‡Ri B”Qvq bq, Zey ...| GB †hgb Kv‡qg †gvjøv e¨vUv Kxfv‡e Kxfv‡e †R‡M DVj †di| nVvr K‡iB GKw`b wewWI mv‡ne †`Lv Ki‡Z ej‡jb AwLj `vm‡K| ej‡jb, ÔLye Av‡R©›U|Õ Kx e¨vcvi? bv, †dvb G‡mwQj GmwWI g¨vWv‡gi KvQ †_‡K| G‡Kev‡i wb‡Ri Mjvi| A¨vjU‡g›U G‡m †M‡Q N‡ii| wewWI ej‡jb, ÔAvcbv‡`i wj‡÷ †Zv †`LwQ bvg †bB Kv‡qg †gvjøvi, GmBDwm ev Z…Yg~‡ji wj‡÷I †bB, A_P g¨vWvg e‡j‡Qb Kv‡q‡gi N‡ii e¨vcviUv me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡ w`‡q wePvi Ki‡Z| wnmveg‡Zv Avcbvi MÖvg cÂv‡q‡Zi k-Pv‡i‡Ki g‡Zv Ni cvIqvi K_v, Gevi Gi ga¨ †_‡K †hfv‡eB †nvK Kv‡qg †gvjøvi Rb¨ ...|Õ ÔwKš‘ m¨vi Ii †Zv wf‡UgvwUB †bB †Kv‡bv MÖv‡g, ZvQvov KvMR? †Kv‡bv WKz‡g›UB †bB| †fvUvi KvW©-Avavi KvW© wKQy †bB|Õ Ô†m †Zv Avwg Rvwb bv, Avcwb eyw×gvb gvbyl, g¨vWv‡gi GKUv K_v ivLvi g~j¨ †Zv Avcwb †ev‡Sb, †ev‡Sb bv?Õ AwLj `vm AvR Pwjøk eQi a‡i ivRbxwZ Ki‡Qb| wmwcG‡gi GB Lvivc evRv‡iI wZwb wR‡Z‡Qb| evRvi Lvivc, ZvB GLb Avi

81


Ah_v Sv‡gjvq Rovb bv †Kv‡bv| Z…Yg~‡ji w`b GLb| †h †Kv‡bvfv‡eB Zuv‡K GLb ïay wU‡K _vK‡Z n‡e| GZw`b wUwK‡q ivLv `kR‡bi †`o‡kv weNv †fwoi Rwg Gevi Avi nv‡Z ivLv hv‡e bv| Sv‡gjv‡Z Rov‡Z PvB‡eb bv AwLj `vm| mevB‡K hvi hvi UvKv wnmve K‡i wb‡q †h‡Z ej‡Qb| Avi RwgI| MÖv‡gi gvbyl GKKv‡j Zuv‡K fq †c‡jI GLb Zuv‡K fv‡jvev‡m| Z…Yg~j ev GmBDwmi †jv‡KivI NuvUvq bv Zuv‡K| ïay GmwWI †Kb, wewWI mv‡ne‡KI nv‡Z ivL‡j Kx Kx myweav nq, Zv wZwb fv‡jvB Rv‡bb| ÔKx e‡jb, Dcvq Ki‡Z cvi‡eb bv †Kv‡bv?Õ ÔDcvq Av‡Q wVKB, Z‡e cÖav‡bi m‡½ e‡m wVK K‡i wb‡Z n‡e| †ev‡Sb †Zv, G †Zv Avgv‡`i cÂv‡qZ bq, Avgv‡`i w`b n‡j Avwg Gÿzwb K_v w`‡q †hZvg, wKQy KvR †h AvBb †g‡b m¤¢e bq Zv Avgvi g‡Zv Rv‡bb AvcwbI, nu¨v, Avwg fv‡jv Kv‡Ri K_vB ejwQ ...|Õ GmBDwmi cÖavb‡K wb‡q G‡Kev‡i wewWIi N‡iB emv n‡jv| cÖavb m¾b gvbyl| AwLjeveyi `xN©w`‡bi †Pbv| wK‡kvix‡gvnbcy‡ii gvbyl| cÖvBgvwi ¯‹z‡j gv÷vwi K‡i GLb wiUvqvi K‡i‡Qb| wZwb ivwR n‡jb GK K_v‡ZB| Kv‡qg †gvjøvi K_v ï‡b‡Qb wZwbI| Ggb †jvK Ni cv‡e bv, Zv nq? mgm¨v †mB KvM‡Ri| Dcvq †Zv GKUvB ...| Dcvq †h GKUvB Ges GKUvB ïaygvÎ Zv AwLjeveyI Rv‡bb| A_©vr A‡b¨i G‡Kev‡i AvBwb Rwgi bv‡g Ni A¨vjU Ki‡Z n‡e| †mLv‡b Ni IVvi ci †mB Ni n¯ÍvšÍi Ki‡Z n‡e Kv‡qg‡K| wVK n‡jv Ni A¨vjU n‡e AwLj `v‡mi bv‡gB| MxZvÄwji GK jvL Pwjøk nvRv‡ii GK jvL w`‡q Ni n‡e, Avi evwK Pwjøk nvRvi Rwgi `vg wnmv‡e w`‡q w`‡Z n‡e AwLjevey‡K| wKš‘ GUv Rvbv‡Z n‡e bv Kv‡qg‡K? Rvbv‡bvB †Zv DwPZ| hw`I KvMRc‡Î _vK‡e bv wKQyB, Zey ...| ÔKv‡qg, GB Kv‡qg?Õ bv, AvR Avi wb‡P bvg‡eb bv AwLj `vm| iweDj‡K wb‡q G‡m‡Qb m‡½| Ii †bŠKv‡ZI gv‡S g‡a¨ Rvj Ki‡Z hvq Kv‡qg| †mB g¨vWv‡gi Avmvi w`b †_‡KB Kv‡q‡gi NiUv‡K †`L‡j †Kgb Mv wkiwki K‡i AwLjeveyi| Pvicv‡k NyiNyi Ki‡Q evN, eb‡KD‡U †Qvej cvjUv‡”Q N‡i, fvUvi mgq †iv` †cvnv‡”Q Kzwgi| Kxfv‡e _v‡K †jvKUv? w`‡bi †ejv‡ZB †hLv‡b GKv †KD Avm‡e bv, †mLv‡b ivZwe‡i‡Z Rvj †m‡i gvQ evQvevwQi ci Kxfv‡e GKUv †jvK GKv ..., GKUv UP© Aewa _vK‡e bv nv‡Z| ev Ii eDev”Pvi K_v fv‡ev, Kxfv‡e mvivUv w`b GKv GKv GgbwK Kv‡qg N‡i bv wdi‡j iv‡Zi ci ivZ ...| iweDj ejj, Ô†b‡g †`wL Avwg|Õ bvgj iweDj| N‡ii gv_vq GmBDwm-wmwcGg-Z…Yg~j| nvIqvq kã D‡V‡Q †ek| didi-didi †mjvB¸wj AvjMv n‡q †M‡Q wbN©vr| Miv‡bi †Mvovq wM‡q nuvK gvij iweDj, ÔKv‡qg, GB Kv‡qg|Õ ÔeD †bB Ii, ev ev”Pv?Õ ÔAv‡Q nq‡Zv, f‡qi †Vjvq †Kvb †Kv‡Y ¸u‡R Av‡Q †K Rv‡b? Ni †Zv n‡e Avcbvi Rwg‡Z, A¨vjUI n‡e Avcbvi bv‡g, Z‡e Ii Avi Kx `iKvi? Ni nIqvi ci †`Lv hv‡e, Pjyb †Zv GLb| GLv‡b GB R½‡j GKv GKUv †g‡q‡Q‡j ...|Õ mewRi Pvl Pj‡Q GLb| gv‡Ni VvÛv| †ejvq †ejvq Nywg‡q †fviiv‡Zi Av‡MB Rwg‡Z bvg‡Z n‡e| mewR †Zvjv, e¯Ívew›` Kiv, Gici f¨v‡b DwV‡q †mB kwbev‡ii evRvi| iweDj ejj,

82

Ôhvi Ni Zvi D‡Ïk †bB, gv_ve¨_v Avgv‡`i|Õ Ôbv †i, Gi m‡½ †RwUi fvM¨I Rwo‡q, g¨vWvg wb‡R †LuvR wb‡”Q, eywSm wKQy? mevi bv n‡jI Av‡M Kv‡q‡gi e¨e¯’v Ki‡Z n‡e GKUv|Õ Gevi GKvB G‡m‡Qb AwLj `vm| dv÷ j‡Ui mËi nvRvi Xz‡K †M‡Q e¨vs‡K| wewWI ev GmwWIi GZ AvMÖn hLb evwK UvKv XzK‡ZI Sv‡gjv n‡e bv †Zgb| GB mËi nvRv‡ii Pwjøk nvRvi ïay ZuviB, evwK wZwik Kv‡q‡gi cvIqvi K_v| GB wZwi‡k †Zv Avi †g‡S‡Z BU †djv m¤¢e bq, GUv Rv‡b mevB, A_©vr †h-†Kv‡bv ˆZwi n‡Z _vKv evwoi Qwe Zz‡j Rgv w`‡jB n‡jv| ÔKv‡qg, GB Kv‡qg?Õ N‡ii gv_v †_‡K †mB e¨vbvi¸wj D‡o †Kv_vq †Kv_vq Qwo‡q| AwLj `vm †`‡Lb Zuvi n‡q †fvU PvIqv Kv‡¯Í-nvZzwoi e¨vbviUv Kxfv‡e Kxfv‡e GKUv †MIqvMv‡Qi Wv‡j AvU‡K| N‡ii gv_vq GgbwK †mB GmBDwmi UP© ev Z…Yg~‡ji Nvmdzj gvK©v e¨vbvi¸wji GKUvI †bB Avi| ÔKv‡qg, GB Kv‡qg?Õ N‡ii Ae¯’v †`‡L GLv‡b Avi †KD _v‡K e‡j †Zv g‡b n‡”Q bv| Kv‡iv _vKvi Rb¨ Qv` †Zv _vK‡Z n‡e GKUv, gv‡b †iv`e„wói nvZ †_‡K ..., gv_vi Ici †h wKQyiB †nvK ...| ev †`qvj? GKUv †Niv‡Uvc e‡j wKQy? mvnm K‡i GKv GKvB wb‡P bvg‡jb AwLj `vm| †Rvqvi †kl n‡jI Rj GL‡bv bv‡gwb cy‡ivcywi| noKv‡Z wM‡q GKUv evB‡bi Wvj a‡i †Kv‡bvg‡Z mvgjv‡jb wb‡R‡K| ÔKv‡qg, GB Kv‡qg?Õ Kv‡q‡gi eDUvi bvg Rvb‡jI n‡Zv| N‡ii gv_vi e¨vbvi¸wj D‡o †M‡jI Pvicv‡ki cøvw÷K †ccvi¸wj Kxfv‡e i‡q †M‡Q GL‡bv| ÔGB Kv‡qg?Õ Miv‡bi †b‡g _vKv GKUv Wvj AuvK‡o N‡ii G‡Kev‡i Kv‡Q wM‡q †W‡K DV‡jb, ÔKv‡qg, GB Kv‡qg?Õ Ii eD wK Z‡e ev”PvUv‡K wb‡q fq †c‡q †Kv‡bv cøvw÷K †ccv‡ii Mv‡q †j‡Þ jywK‡q †i‡L‡Q wb‡R‡K? c`©vi g‡Zv K‡i Szwj‡q ivLv GKUv cøvw÷K †ccvi‡K Zz‡j ai‡Z wM‡q AwLjevey eyS‡jb IUv AvjMvB G‡Kev‡i| cy‡iv cøvw÷KUvB SziSzi K‡i gvwU‡Z L‡m coj| Avi L‡m co‡ZB N‡ii †fZiUv †Pv‡L coj Zuvi| Miv‡bi GKUv †PŠwK| Zvi Ici †Quov Avi Rj c‡o c‡P Kv‡Vi m‡½ †j‡Þ hvIqv GKUv Pv`‡ii g‡Zv wKQy| ÔKv‡qg? GB Kv‡qg?Õ wewWI mv‡ne ï‡b ej‡jb, ÔZ‡e Avi Avcwb Kx Ki‡eb, †P‡c hvb| GUv †Zv BjwjM¨vjB wQj, ZvB bv? Qwe Rgv K‡i w`‡q‡Qb †Zv? †m‡KÛ jU mvg‡bi mßv‡nB ...| miKv‡ii UvKv †Zv Avi IBfv‡e †diZ †`Iqv hvq bv, `iKv‡i w`‡q †`‡eb Mwie †jvK‡K, Kx e‡jb?Õ cÖavb GmBDwmi n‡j Kx n‡e m¤§vb †`b AwLjevey‡K| K_v †kv‡bb| cÂv‡qZ Awd‡m †`Lv nIqvq Rvb‡Z PvB‡jb, ÔKx Lei Kv‡qg †gvjøvi?Õ wR‡Ám K‡i wZwb Aek¨ Avi DËi †kvbvi g‡Zv mgq w`‡Z cvi‡jb bv| Pvicv‡k we¯Íi †jvK| AwLj `v‡miB ev AZ ejvi g‡Zv mgq †Kv_vq, `y‡Uv iv¯Ív XvjvB n‡e, AvgMv‡Qi UvKv Avm‡Q Avi me‡P‡q eo K_v, cy‡ei ev`vi †RwUNv‡Ui IqvK© AW©viUvI ...| Ôfv‡jv, fv‡jvB Av‡Q Kv‡qg †gvjøv|Õ r


83


†Qv U M í

¸R‡ei Mu¨vov gCb †kL

I

Zwg‡ii evc, ïwb‡Rb, Kx meŸbv‡k K`v‡Mv| Zzwg bv nq hvBI bv| QvZvi gv_vq euvav †evPKvUv igRvb dwKi Kuv‡a Zz‡j‡Q gvÎ| Ggb mgq †cQb †_‡K evav coj| Zv‡K Avi _vgvq †K| gyL †Zv gyL bq, `yavix KivZ| ivM‡j Zvi gy‡L fv‡jv K_v †KD †kv‡bwb †Kv‡bvw`b| bvg igRvb n‡j Kx n‡e, Zv‡K †ivRv Ki‡Z †KD †`‡L‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| igRvb QvZvi †gKvi| QvZv †givgZ K‡i MÖvg †ewo‡q| wZbw`b Uvbv el©vi ci AvKvk dm©v n‡ZB QvZv †givg‡Zi †euvPKv mvwR‡q Kuv‡a Zz‡j cÖ_g avc w`‡q‡Q| Avi †mB ïfÿ‡YB †cQb-WvK coj| Kogwo‡q †PvL ivwO‡q †cQb wd‡i eD‡qi w`‡K ZvKvj GKevi| eD †evanq †Lqvj K‡iwb| K‡iwb e‡jB cybivq Kx GKUv ejvi Rb¨ nvZ DuwP‡q‡Q gvÎ| Agwb igRv‡bi ¯^iƒc cÖKvk †cj Ñ gvwM RyqvqvB _v‡K| †eËwgR gvwM wPjøvm K¨vb| `¨v‡MvRy wKej cv evovqwR| Agwb gvwMi nvgjvwb DW‡jv| Ñ Av‡i ev‡ivRvBZ¨v Zzi fv‡jvi K¨v‡bB ey‡jvwR| bv ïb‡j hv; Zzi bv‡½iv Vvcv‡ewb| Gevi GKUz Pzc‡m †Mj igRvb| Kuva †_‡K †euvPKvUv bvwg‡q ivLj| wewo‡Z Av¸b w`‡q emj wbgMv‡Qi wkK‡o| eD Kv‡Q G‡jv| igRvb eD‡qi w`‡K ZvKv‡ZB eD ejj Ñ ïwb‡Rb, wMqv‡mvK gvb‡l Zvovqv awiR‡jv| Kz‡bv iæKz‡g Rvb wjqv cvjvBqv Avwm‡R| Ñ K¨v, wMqvm Avevi Kzb gvwMi N‡ivZ XzwK‡Rv‡jv? Ñ gi`Uvi Lvwj e¨vZvj¨v K`v| fv‡jv KBiv ï‡bK Av‡M, bv ïb‡ZB gwik b¨v| IB`¨v Pviw`K QvIqvj aivi nc D‡Wwb? wMqvmK gvbyl QvIqvj aiv gy‡b Kwi‡Rv‡jv| k¨vUv dvUvBqv w`‡R gy‡b nq| Gevi wKQyUv _gKv‡jv igRvb| mnmv gy‡L wKQy ej‡Z bv cvi‡jI nvRv‡iv cÖkœ‡iLv dz‡U DVj gyLveq‡e|

84

wMqvm kxj-cvUv‡Z avi Kv‡U| Zvi Ici GLb avi KvUvi †gŠmyg| c‡b‡iv w`b ev‡` †Kvievwb C`| eD-†ewUiv ej‡Z †M‡j gyL †P‡q Av‡Q Zvi| †KD Pvj w`‡q †KD UvKv w`‡q| cuvP evwo Nyi‡ZB e¨vMUv dz‡j D‡VwQj| Qq b¤^i evwo‡Z NUbvUv NUj| wZb eQ‡ii GK wkï cvUv‡Z avi KvUv †`LwQj| G‡Kev‡i †h Kv‡Q wQj, ZvI bq| LvwbK `~‡iB wQj| Zey GKUv Svj-†gkv‡bv KzwP wM‡q coj wkïwUi †Pv‡L| Agwb wkïwU wPwjø‡q DVj evev‡iv-gv‡iv e‡j| `ªæZ †ewi‡q G‡jv Zvi gv; Av‡iv cuvP gv| wkïwUi evc evwo‡Z bv _vK‡jI †`Š‡o Avmv‡Z ev‡ci Afve c‡owb| mevB G‡m wkï‡K †P‡c aij| †Pv‡Li R¡vjvi m‡½ nvRv‡iv cÖ‡kœi R¡vjv wgk‡j wkïwU wngwkg †L‡q


AjsKiY : †iv‡Kqv myjZvbv `g AvUKvi Dcvq| wKQy ej‡Z cvij bv| ïay nvZ-Bkvivq †`wL‡q w`‡jv cvUv‡Z aviKvUvi w`‡K| wkïwU cvUv †`Lvj bv aviKvUv †jvKUv‡K †`Lvj Zv †evSv †Mj bv| Z‡e mevB eySj †jvKUv‡KB †`Lvj| Agwb GK cwÐZ gyL dm‡K e‡j †djj Ñ I kvjv †Q‡jaiv| G‡K Szjv‡Z fi‡Z PvB‡Rv‡jv| gvi mgyw›`K| eyw×gvb wMqvm| †`Š‡o cvjvqwb| †m `uvwo‡q †_‡KB `y-Pvi‡U wKj-Nywm nRg Kij| Avi evievi wPwjø‡q †Mj Ñ nvwg †Q‡jaiv jq, nvwg †Q‡jaiv jq| Ae‡k‡l GK e„× G‡m mevB‡K _vgvj| GK‡PvU wbj mevB‡K| Z‡e Gi Av‡MB wMqv‡mi hv n‡q‡Q, Zv Lye GKUv g›` bq|

wMqvm wd‡i G‡m‡Q evwo‡Z| GB K_v¸‡jvB MoMo K‡i e‡j †djj Zwg‡ii gv| igRvb †Kv‡bv iv-kã bv K‡iB nv K‡i ïbj K_v¸‡jv| †ek K‡qKUv Akøxj Mvj cvoj AvKv‡ki w`‡K ZvwK‡q| Mvwji IRb GZUvB †ewk †h, evZvmI †evanq †ewk`~i wb‡q †h‡Z cvi‡e bv| Ggb mgq GKUv †KvwKj †W‡K DVj| †KvwK‡jiI mgqÁvb †jvc †c‡q‡Q| el©v‡ZI †KvwKj Wv‡K †eïgvi| GUv AvMvg bv bvgjv, Zv wnmv‡e †g‡j bv| Z‡e WvKUv‡Z AZUv im †bB| wKQyUv LmL‡m| igRv‡bi Kv‡Q †mB WvK Aek¨ Kv‡Ki g‡ZvB †kvbvj| Iciw`‡K ZvKv‡ZB wVK †`L‡Z †cj †KvwKjUv‡K| GKUv wXj Zz‡j †mvRv †KvwKj‡K gvij| jÿ¨åó n‡jI cvjvj †KvwKj| Ômgyw›` Zzgvi mygq jv‡M

85


bv| is jvBMvB _v‡K Zzgvi| fiv el©v‡ZI Zzgvi WvKvWvwK|Õ Av‡iv nvRviI Mvwj w`‡jv Zwg‡ii evc| †kl MvwjUv w`‡jv wKw¯Íi gv÷vi‡K| Ñ ÔIB kvjv †Zv wVK mygqgy‡Zv Avm‡ewb| †m †Zv Avi ïb‡e bv, nvwg Kv‡gvZ hvB‡Z cvwiwb|Õ Zvi †euvPKvUv Zwg‡ii gv‡K w`‡q †m e‡m _vKj Av‡iv wKQyÿY| G GK AvRe cvov| g~j MÖvg †_‡K `j‡QvUv cvov| MÖv‡gi †k‡l wM‡q K‡qKUv av‡bi fzuB cvi n‡jB †mB cvov| †jv‡K bvg w`‡q‡Q nVvrcvov| GKUv †QvU cyKz‡ii Pviavi w`‡q K‡qKwU evwo| †QvU †QvU evwo| Av‡Q gymjgvb, Av‡Q wn›`y, Avi Av‡Q `yB Ni cvnvwoqv| cyKziUv e¨w³gvwjKvbvq n‡jI Gi Pviavi n‡jv Lvm| GUvI GK AvRe NUbv| miKvwi e¨e¯’vcbvq GB emwZiv wZb kZvsk K‡i Rwg cËb wb‡q‡Q| Zviv f‚wgnxb wQj; GLb f‚wgi gvwjK n‡q‡Q| nVvrcvov‡K †KD †KD AvRe cvovI e‡j| Kx K‡i †h gvwbK‡Rvo¸‡jv GK RvqMvq Ry‡U‡Q, †mUv †f‡e K‚j cvq bv wfbcvovi gvbyl| wMqvm cvUvq avi Kv‡U, igRvb QvZv †givgZ K‡i, Zvivc` C` mvg‡b †i‡L GKUv c¨v‡Wj †gwkb wK‡b‡Q| A‡¯¿ avi †`evi c¨v‡Wj †gwkb| GbwRI †_‡K †jvb wb‡q wK‡b‡Q| Kó wms `yB eQi wb‡LuvR _vKvi ci MZ gv‡m wd‡i‡Q| Z‡e Lvwj nv‡Z †d‡iwb| gywbqv‡K wb‡q wd‡i‡Q| gywbqv evb‡ii bvg| †m GLb w`we¨ evbibvP †`wL‡q †eovq MÖv‡g MÖv‡g| Avq-†ivRMvi g›` bq| eDfvM¨, wms G‡Z gnvLywk| `yeQi a‡i †L‡q bv †L‡q K¼vj nIqvi `kv fzj‡Z e‡m‡Q GLb| fzwU eveyj eid †e‡P msmvi Pvjvq| AvR GB ¯‹zj †Zv Kvj wfbœ ¯‹zj| cvovi g‡a¨I eD-†ewU Lvq| Pvj w`‡q, Mg w`‡q, Avjy w`‡q wKsev UvKv w`‡q| wbwLj Avi AwLj, GB `yB wLj wg‡j †Zv ej‡Z †M‡j AvPv‡ii d¨v±wi w`‡q‡Q| GB `yB fvB Avi Zv‡`i eD-ev”Pv wg‡j Pvjvq d¨v±wi| GK mßv‡n PvjZv †Zv Avi mßv‡n Avg| Avevi Ab¨ mßv‡n eiB| wbwLj hw` hvq cy‡e, Z‡e AwLj hvq cwð‡g| ïµevi Zv‡`i QywUi w`b| ¯‹zj eÜ| IBw`b evwoi KvR mv‡i| ej‡Z †M‡j AvMvgx Qqw`‡bi KvR GB GKw`‡b mv‡i| †`kRy‡o GLb GKUvB ¸Re| ¸ReI †h GZ RxešÍ n‡q Qov‡Z cv‡i Zv Gi Av‡M `¨v‡Lwb †KD| Le‡ii KvMR, GdGg †iwWI, wUwfi c`©vq, Lei GLb GKUvB| ¸R‡ei Lei| ¸Re‡K mvg‡b †i‡LB N‡U hv‡”Q G‡Ki ci GK NUbv| AvZ¼ Qwo‡q‡Q ivRavbx †_‡K ARMÖvg ch©šÍ| AvZ¼ ¯‹zjco–qv wkïi gv‡qi g‡b, wkÿ‡Ki g‡b, wcq‡bi g‡b, `v‡ivqv‡bi g‡b| AvPvi, eid, dzPKv ev ev‡ivfvRv †ePv gvgvi g‡bI| Zv‡`i em‡Z †`Iqv n‡”Q bv ¯‹z‡ji †M‡U| Zviv GLb evwo‡Z wSgy‡”Q| fve‡Q weKí Kv‡Ri K_v| AvZ¼ meLv‡b| AvZ¼ cÖav‡bi g‡b, AvZ¼ mnKvixi g‡b| AvZ¼ Avevi fvM¨ wms‡qi g‡b| AvZ¼ GKUvB, †Q‡jaiv| cÙv †mZz ˆZwi‡Z gv_v jvM‡e| A‡bK gv_v| GB ¸ReB GLb †`kRy‡o| †Q‡jaiv m‡›`‡n MYwcUzwbi NUbv NU‡Q cÖvqB| cÖvYI †M‡Q A‡b‡Ki| we`¨vj‡q wkÿv_x©i Dcw¯’wZI K‡g‡Q h‡_ó| cÖ_‡g ¸ReUv Kxfv‡e ïiæ n‡jv, †K ev Kviv ïiæ Kij, †Kvb D‡Ï‡k¨ Kij Zvi Zjvwb GL‡bv cvIqv hvqwb| GLb Avi †Luv‡RI bv †KD| Z‡e ¸ReUv mZ¨ n‡q †Ru‡K e‡m‡Q mevi g‡b| ¯‹z‡j ev †KvwPs‡q wbR mšÍvb‡K Avb‡Z wM‡qI fq wb‡q _vK‡Z nq AwffveK‡K| bv Rvwb Zv‡K †Q‡jaiv e‡j †Z‡o Av‡m †KD| ivRavbxi evÇvq †iby‡K †g‡i †djvi ci fqUv Av‡iv k³ Avmb †M‡o‡Q| GB ¸Re Av‡iv †ewk Kv‡jv Qvqv n‡q Av‡óc„‡ô AuvK‡o a‡i‡Q G-cvov‡K| nVvrcvov‡K| GKUv wSgywb mevi g‡b|

86

†kvKv”Qbœ mevB| GB †kvKUv Av‡iv eo nIqvi KviY, GB cvovi cÖwZwU cwiev‡iB Xz‡K Av‡Q GbwRIi FY| Kv‡iv `ywU, Kv‡iv wZbwU| mvßvwnK wKw¯Íi wnmve ev”Pv nviv‡bv wd‡Oi g‡Zv gv_vi Ici ebeb K‡i †Nv‡i| GbwRI¸‡jvI Zv‡`i †jvb †`q †Kv‡bv AvcwË QvovB| GB cvovi mybvg Av‡Q, Giv wKw¯Í wgm K‡i bv| mevB ÿz‡` e¨emvqx| KuvPv UvKv| eo K_v, GK ˆLjv‡b em‡j mevi UvKv cvIqv hvq| GLb me Dj‡Uv| †Q‡jaiv ¸R‡ei RyRy MÖvm K‡i‡Q me| mvßvwnK wKw¯Í †KD w`‡Z cvi‡Q, †KD cvi‡Q bv| Puv`wb ivZ| c~wY©gv †M‡Q MZKvj| nVvrcvovi mevB AvR GK RvqMvq e‡m‡Q; cyi‡bv †ZuZzjMv‡Qi wb‡P| GB cvovq me‡P‡q cÖvPxb ej‡Z IB †ZuZzjMvQUvB| Pjgvb mgm¨v wb‡qB e‡m‡Q mevB| igRvb, wMqvm, wbwLj, AwLj, Kó wms, Zvivc`, fzwU eveyj| mevB| `y-GKR‡bi eDI Av‡Q| †RvQbvq fvm‡Q Zvgvg `ywbqv| Ljewj‡q nvm‡Q mvivMÖvg| †ZuZzjMv‡Q emv mv`v eK, SzjšÍ ev`yo, Bu`yi ai‡Z NvcwU †g‡i _vKv †cuPv, jvOj †`Iqv kÖve‡Yi fzuB; `ya-†RvQbvq fvm‡Q me| AÜKvi ïay †ZuZzjMv‡Qi †Mvovq| AÜKvi e‡m _vKv gvbyl¸‡jvi mvg‡b, wc‡Q, Wv‡b, euv‡q| Pviw`‡K| Zv‡`i gv_vi Ici hg n‡q e‡m‡Q wKw¯Íi kvwgqvbv| bv †L‡q w`b cvi Kiv hvq, wKw¯Í bv w`‡q bq| K_v IVvj Zvivc`| Zvi ZvovUv †ewk| Zvivc`i wKw¯Í mßv‡n `y‡Uv| †f‡ewQj GB †gŠmy‡gi †ivRMv‡i GKUv †jvb †kva Ki‡e| GB †f‡eB avi †`Iqvi †gwkbUv K‡iwQj| †Kvievwbi Av‡M eo e¨emv n‡e| MÖvg Nyi‡jB UvKv| cÖwZwU c¨v‡W‡j c¨v‡W‡j UvKv| †jvnv Avi cv_‡ii Nl©‡Y †hfv‡e dzjwK Qy‡U cvjvq, wVK †mfv‡eB UvKv Zvi †KuvPvq Av‡m| wKš‘ `yw`b †h‡ZB Avi hvIqv n‡jv bv| nvj Ryo‡ZB dv‡j evwo| GB wgwUs‡q me‡P‡q eo igRvb| Zv‡K jÿ¨ K‡iB Zvivc` ejj Ñ Ô`v`v Zzwg mevi eo, ZzwgB GKUv wKRy K‡iv|Õ Ñ Zv nvwg Kx Kigy, NUbv wR †eMwZK| Ñ Zzgvi `k RvMvZ DWv-emv, ZzgvK mevB wP‡b, GKUv wKRy iv¯Ív evBi Ki| nvgiv wR gi‡Z emby| Ñ P‡jK, nvgiv wg¤^v‡ii evwoZ hvB| GK †Kvbv †_‡K movr K‡i K_vUv ejj Kó wms| Ñ `¨vL kvjvi eyw×| GB kvjv, †g¤^vi Kx Ki‡e| DB gvby‡li jvwW Qvb‡e gy‡b nq| KqRybvi nvZ ai‡e| ï‡bv fvB, nvgvi GK K`v| Rvb nviv‡Z cvigy bv| Rvb _vK‡j wKRy bv wKRy KBiv Lvgy| bv LvBqv gvbyl g‡i bv| wMqvm wKQyUv ivM wgwk‡q ejj K_v¸‡jv| Ñ bv LvBqv giey bv fv‡jv K`v; wKš‘K wKw¯Íi gv÷v‡ii Vvc mvgjvey K¨vgb KBiv? Zzgvi †Zv GKUv wKw¯Í, ZvB †PjwK Kv‡Uv‡Rb| nvgvi `yBW¨v, eoRybvi wZbW¨v| AwLj jyw½i GK †Kvbv Svo‡Z Svo‡Z ivM †`wL‡q D‡V `uvovj| Ñ GB mgyw›`, nvwg †PjwK Kv‡UvwR? wKj †Zv LvIwb kvjv; GKevi Nywm LvI ZMb eyS‡eb wb| Ñ `v`v Zzwg _v‡gv †Zv, I P¨vsovi A¨vKbv‡ZB gv_v Mig nq| Kx Kiv †nv‡e ZvB ey‡jv| wbwLj cwi‡ek kvšÍ Ki‡Z PvBj| Zv‡`i Av‡jvPbv cÖvq ga¨ivZ ch©šÍ Pjj| ivZ †cvnv‡jB wKw¯Íevi| †k‡l GB wm×v‡šÍ Zviv †cuŠQvj †h, wKw¯Íi gv÷vi G‡j Zv‡K wb‡q mevB IB GbwRIi Awd‡m hv‡e| g¨v‡bRv‡ii nv‡Z-cv‡q a‡i ej‡e, GKUv gvm wKw¯Íi nvZ †_‡K Zviv †invB †c‡Z Pvq| Av‡iv A‡bK K_vB n‡jv| mvZ-cuvP K_v| Zey K_v P‡j| me‡k‡l me‡P‡q eo A_©nxb NUbvUv NUvj AwLj| AwLj


GZÿY Av‡jvPbv mfv †_‡K m‡i wKQyUv `~‡i wQj| eofvB Zv‡K gv_v Mig e‡j‡Q| GB Awfgv‡bB m‡i _vKv| Z‡e wKQy GKUv fvewQj wbðq| Avi fvebv †_‡KB Ggb GKUv NUbv NUvj| GKUv gvSvwi wXj Zz‡j me©kw³ w`‡q †ZuZzjMv‡Qi WMvq gvij| Avi gy‡L ejj Ñ ÔIB †Zv kvjv †Q‡jaiv|Õ KuK KuK kã Zz‡j K‡qKUv mv`v eK D‡o †Mj| ûZzg‡cuPv NvcwU gvij| Doj bv ev`yoI| D‡V `uvovj mevB| AwLj Avi †mLv‡b `uvovqwb| †mvRv evwo‡Z wM‡q XzKj| igRvb †LuwK‡q ejj Ñ ÔGm‡ei gv‡b nq? kvjvi P¨vovgy Avi M¨vj bv|Õ Ñ bv `v`v, Kw`b _vBKv nvwg `¨v‡MvwR, AwLj evwoZ Lye AkvwšÍ K‡iv‡R| A¨vKbv‡ZB ivBMv hvI‡R| eD‡K GKw`b gvij myÏv| wbwLj cwiw¯’wZ mvg‡j wb‡Z PvBj| Ñ IMj¨v wKRy jq, bvO Kzq¨viv| nv‡ZvZ U¨vKv bvB †Zv, ZvB A¨vgb nI‡R| K_v Avi mvg‡b G¸‡jv bv| †h hvi evwo‡Z XzKj| AwLj evwo‡Z Xz‡KB †mvRv N‡i †Mj| eD AwbZv eviv›`vq| LuywU‡Z †njvb w`‡q myRbx †mjvB Ki‡Q| AwbZvi nv‡Zi Kv‡Ri mybvg Av‡Q| A‡b‡KB A‡bK wKQy †mjvB Ki‡Z †`q| kvwo Kvc‡o dzj †Zvjv, Kvwg‡R dzj †Zvjv wKsev cvÄvwe‡Z| LvUzwb-Zzj¨ gRywi bv †c‡jI AwbZv hZœ wb‡q K‡i KvR¸‡jv|

AwbZvi nvZ a‡i SUKv Uvb w`‡q †g‡S‡Z †d‡j w`‡jv| †g‡q c~wY©gvi Nyg †f‡O †Mj| †mI jvd w`‡q D‡V `uvovj| Zv‡`i SMov wKsev gvivgvwi mvg‡b Avi G‡Mv‡jv bv| Z‡e AwLj †h A¯^vfvweK KvÐUv Kij, Zv n‡jv; `iRvi †Kvbvi jvwVUv wb‡q nuvcv‡Z nuvcv‡Z N‡ii g‡a¨ `uvovj| Zvi †duvcvwbi aib e‡j †`q, eD‡qi †Kvgi wbN©vZ fvO‡e| AwbZv f‡q †g‡Si m‡½ †hb wgwj‡q hvq| c~wY©gvI AuvZ‡K DVj| Gw`‡K AwLj hv Kij, Zv Av‡M wKsev c‡ii †Kv‡bv wKQyi m‡½B wgjj bv| †m †mvRv evwn‡i G‡m nv‡Zi jvwV w`‡q eviv›`vi GK LuywU‡Z evwo gvij| Mv‡qi kw³ GZUzKzI ev` iv‡Lwb| gy‡L D”PviY Kij Ñ Ôkvjv †Q‡jaivi Kx eywjwR|Õ govr K‡i †f‡O †M‡j LuywU| AwbZv †`Š‡o evB‡i G‡jv| †jvKUv wK cvMj n‡q hv‡”Q? wb‡R‡K Acivax fve‡Q AwbZv| evievi wa°vi w`‡jv wb‡R‡K| †Kb †h gv÷v‡ii KvQ †_‡K UvKvUv avi wb‡jv! Av‡iv †Zv K‡qKRb wKw¯Í w`‡Z cv‡iwb †mw`b| Zv‡`i †Zv †Zgb wKQyB nqwb| Avi wKQy n‡jB ev ÿwZ Kx| ¯^vgx †Zv Avi cvM‡ji g‡Zv AvPiY KiZ bv| AwbZvi Kó¸‡jv ey‡Ki g‡a¨B KzÐjx cvwK‡q g‡i| ¯^vgxi Kv‡Q Avm‡Z cv‡i bv †m| AwLj †hb Av‡iv DjUvcvjUv Kx Kx e‡K hvq| Ñ Ôkvjv †Q‡jaiv| Zzi cyKvB gvigy kvjv|Õ Av‡iv e‡j P‡j AwLj| Lvwb‡Ki A_© nq, Lvwb‡Ki nq bv| Z‡e

wbwLj, wMqvm, igRvb, cvovi mevB †h hvi g‡Zv wSgy‡”Q| Avj‡mwgi bq; Aw¯’iZvi wSgywb| mevi †PvL iv¯Ívi w`‡K, †h-iv¯Ív †e‡q wKw¯Íi gv÷vi Avm‡e msmv‡i †VKv w`‡Z Kv‡R jv‡M| AwbZvI N‡i †Mj| ¯^vgxi Kv‡Q wM‡q ejj Ñ ÔfvZ evo‡ev?Õ Ñ bv, ZzB Lv| Ñ K¨vb Zzwg Lv‡eb bv? Ñ nvwg LvBwR, ZzB Lv| cywbœ LvB‡R? †g‡q c~wY©gvi Kv‡Q GwM‡q †Mj AwLj| Ñ cywbœ LvB‡R, wKš‘ ZzgvK Avevi Kzb †Xgwb LvB‡Z w`‡jv? Ñ K¨v nvgvi LvB‡Z w`evi gvbyl bvB? Ñ _vK‡c bv K¨vb, Zzgvi Avevi Afve †nv‡e? Ñ †eZvj¨v K`v eywjm b¨v| Ñ Kw`b _vBK¨v nvgvi wcwË R¡jvI‡Rb, †mw`‡K jq, nvwg eyj‡jB `yl| Ñ fv‡jv K`v, Kvj †Zv wKw¯Íevi; KvjK¨vI wK Zzi gv÷vi w`‡e? Ñ ï‡bv cywbœi evc, Zzwg Av‡ev³v ïB½v ïB½v jy”Pv aBi bv| gv÷vi nvgvi wKw¯Í w`‡e K¨vb, Zzwg wK `‡ki Kv‡›`vZ DwW‡Rb? Ñ Kx eyjjy gvwM, nvgvi giY `¨v‡MvRy, nvwg gi‡j Zzi iv¯Ív duvKv †nv‡e? GZ`~i MovBRy gvwM| Ñ Lei`vi, ev‡R K`v eyBj bv| GKUv wKw¯Í bv nq †Mj mßv‡n avi wn‡m‡e w`‡RB, ZvB eyBj¨v cÖwZw`b w`‡e? Zzgvi AZ ÿgZv †Z U¨vKvWv gv÷v‡ii gy‡MvZ dzuBK¨v gvi‡Z cvi‡jb bv| mvZw`b †Zv nBqvB M¨v‡jv| †mw`K gi`vwb bvB, hZ Mig gvB‡Mi Kv‡R AvBm¨v| Ñ Kx gvwM, nvwg gi` jB? `¨vMvIwR, _vg| AwLj

iv‡Z Nyg n‡jv bv Kv‡iv| AvR wKw¯Íevi| eo mybmvb nVvrcvov| AvR †KD wKw¯Í †`‡e bv| w`‡Z cvi‡e bv| `y-GKRb †h cvi‡e bv, Zv bq| Z‡e AvR †KD †`‡e bv| wKw¯Íi gv÷vi‡K mevB wg‡j Aby‡iva Ki‡e; GK gvm QywU PvB‡e| cÖ‡qvR‡b mevB wg‡j IB gv÷v‡ii m‡½ Awdm hv‡e| m‡½ IB Iqv‡W©i †g¤^vi‡KI †b‡e| Zvivc`i evwo‡Z †Qviv-PvcvwZ †i‡L †M‡Q av‡iKv‡Qi `y-GKRb| †mUv wb‡qB e‡m‡Q mKv‡j| Zvi †gwk‡bi ej weqvwis‡q †cvov gwej jvwM‡q c¨v‡W‡j Pvc w`‡jv| Z‡e mewKQy‡K Qvwc‡q Zvi gv_vi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q wKw¯Í| Kó wms e‡m Av‡Q gywbqvi Kv‡Q| †hfv‡e cÖwZw`b mKv‡j e‡m, †mfv‡e| Z‡e cÖwZw`‡bi g‡Zv bZzb †Ljvi †KŠkj wb‡q bq| AvR e‡m gywbqvi kix‡ii `y`©kv †`L‡Q| GB Kw`‡bB ey‡Ki KvwV¸‡jv †Mvbv hvq| gywbqvI †R‡b †M‡Q Zvi gwb‡ei g‡bi K_v| †mI GK a¨v‡b ZvwK‡q Av‡Q gwb‡ei w`‡K| gwb‡ei †PvLUv †fRv| †fRv †PvL gywbqviI| Kó wms GKevi fv‡e, gywbqv‡K †Q‡o †`‡e; †eu‡a †i‡L Kó †`Iqvi gv‡b nq bv| Avevi fv‡e, †Q‡o w`‡j ev›`i †Q‡jiv gywbqv‡K Zvwo‡q Zvwo‡q wbN©vZ †g‡i †dj‡e| gywbqv‡K B`vbxs fv‡Zi gvo w`‡jI AvcwË †Zv‡j bv| ÿzav GK AvRe wRwbm| wbwLj, wMqvm, igRvb, cvovi mevB †h hvi g‡Zv wSgy‡”Q| Avj‡mwgi bq; Aw¯’iZvi wSgywb| mevi †PvL iv¯Ívi w`‡K, †h-iv¯Ív †e‡q wKw¯Íi gv÷vi Avm‡e| el©vi w`‡b gv÷v‡ii mvB‡KjUv cvov Aewa †cuŠQvq bv| eo iv¯Ívi gy‡L Zv †i‡L Avj †e‡q †nu‡U XzK‡Z nq cvovq| cvovq †XvKvi Av‡M Av‡iv `yB †K‡›`ª UvKv IVvq gv÷vi| Zvic‡i nVvrcvov| mevB K_v †MvQvq †h hvi g‡Zv| †KD Avevi eD‡K †kLvq ej‡Z

87


hvIqv K_v¸‡jv| mewKQy Uc‡K cvovi g‡a¨ GLb GKUvB kã Ñ Zvivc`i avi †`Iqvi kã| GKmgq gv÷vi G‡jv| LvwbKUv †`wi K‡iB G‡jv| mvB‡Kj cv‡q nuvUv iv¯Ívi gy‡L A_©vr eo iv¯Ívq †i‡L e¨vMUv Kuv‡a Szwj‡q Av‡j cv †djj gv÷vi| Ggb mgq K_vUv G‡jv| K_v bq, kãUv G‡jv| MMbwe`vix kã| nVvrcvov GZÿY RuvwK‡q wQj Zvivc`i avi †`Iqvi †gwkbUv| †mB †gwk‡bi kã‡K, ùzwj½‡K nvi gvbvj †m-kã| wfgiæ‡ji evmv jvwVi AvNv‡Z fvOj †K †hb| mevB GKm‡½ †ei n‡jv| nVvrcvovi mevB| cv‡ki cvoviI Kg‡ewk mevB| Avi MÖv‡gi hviv ïb‡Z †cj, ZvivI| †hb `xN©ÿY †÷k‡b e‡m _vKvi ci nVvr †Uª‡bi euvwk| kãUv mevi Kv‡bB †cuŠQvj| †Pbv KÉ| Abygv‡b Av‡m; g‡b Av‡m bv bvgUv| fv‡jv K‡i g‡b Avbvi mgq-B ev †Kv_vq? Ñ †Q‡jaiv †Mv †Q‡jaiv| †Zvgiv †`ŠovI †Mv, QyBUv AvB‡mv †Mv, †Q‡jaiv cvjvI‡R †Mv| ... mevB hLb Qy‡U Avm‡Q evB‡i, wKw¯Íi gv÷vi ZLb Av‡ji g‡a¨ `uvwo‡q| †mI Pviw`‡K Luy‡R g‡i †Q‡jaiv‡K| g‡b g‡b dw›` Auv‡U, †Q‡jaiv‡K †m-B cÖ_g †P‡c ai‡e| evnv`ywi †b‡e| wKš‘ †Q‡jaiv Zvi †Pv‡L c‡o bv| †Pv‡L c‡o MÖvg †_‡K †ei n‡q Avmv gvbyl Avi gvbyl| Z‡e wK mevi g‡a¨ nvwi‡q †Mj †Q‡jaiv| A_P gvbyl¸‡jv µgk GwM‡q Avm‡Q Zvi w`‡KB| cÖ_g wKjUv hLb coj, ZL‡bv gv÷vi eyS‡Z cv‡iwb, Kx NUj| fvej †Q‡jaiv‡K gvi‡Z wM‡q dm‡K Zvi Mv‡q †j‡M‡Q| wKš‘ c‡ii wKj, Zvi c‡ii wKj Ges Zvi c‡ii NywmUv hLb gv_vi wb‡Pi As‡k coj, ZLb gv÷vi wVK wP‡b †d‡j‡Q †Q‡jaiv‡K| AmsL¨ ZviKv Qy‡U †Mj †PvL w`‡q| †QvU Zviv, eo Zviv, mvZfvB Zviv| AÜKvi n‡jv Pviw`K| mvg‡b duvKv RvqMv LuyR‡Z jvMj gv÷vi| dmjnxb duvKv gvV| Rwgi Avjm‡gZ cvwb| _K_‡K Kv`v| kÖve‡Yi fzuB| bvgjv el©‡Y ûgwo †L‡q‡Q †ÿZvj| `yB ev wZb Pvl w`‡q cÖwZUv

88

fzuB‡q GLb Rvevo| gvwU‡Z Kvj‡P fve GL‡bv Av‡mwb| Zv Avmvi A‡cÿvq Av‡Q K…lK| AvmvgvÎ evwK Pvl w`‡q KzûK aiv weQ‡b †X‡K †`‡e gvV| GLb gvV duvKv| duvKv gv‡V †`Šo †`IqvB hvq| Z‡e UcKv‡Z n‡e gvby‡li †eov| gvov‡Z n‡e Kv`vcvwbi †eov| _vK †eov; UcKv‡Z n‡e me| gv÷vi †`Šov| RxebUv UcKvevi Av‡M, UcKv mKj †eov| bB‡j cuvP evB wZb nvZ †PMvi AvU‡K †`‡e †Zv‡K| Ôwgbnv LvjvK bv Kzg|Õ wc‡Vi Ici ZL‡bv wK‡ji kã| gv÷v‡ii nvRviI wPjøvwb ïb‡Z cvq bv †KD| Gevi †`Šov gv÷vi, Rxe‡bi †kl †`Šo| Kv`v gvov‡bv †M‡jI c_ AvMvq bv| G †hb ¯^c‡b mv‡ci Zvov-LvIqv †`Šo| Zey †`Šov| Rxeb GKUvB| Kuv‡ai e¨vMUv GLb †bB| evRv‡i nvRviI e¨vM Av‡Q| e¨v‡Mi UvKvi Rb¨ ev‡ci wfUv Av‡Q| wKš‘ Rxe‡bi Rb¨ wK”Qy †bB| Rxeb RxebB| †`Šo †`Šo| c‡o †Mj wKQy`i~ AvMv‡ZB| Gevi wbN©vZ †LuvPb n‡e| ÔIqv wdnv bB `yKgz |Õ wms‡ni kw³ AvR gv÷v‡ii g‡b, ey‡K, kix‡i| Avevi D‡V †`Šo w`‡jv| e`wji `iLv¯Í ch©šÍ Zv‡K wUK‡ZB n‡e| †cQb †_‡K K‡qKRb wPjøvq Ñ ÔGB Zziv _v‡gK, GWv †Q‡jaiv jq, wKw¯Íi gv÷vi| GB Zziv _v‡gK ...|Õ Z‡e gv÷v‡ii Kvb ïay GKUvB kã ïb‡Z cvq Ñ Ôgvi kvjv‡K gvi|Õ †cQ‡bi RbZvi †`Šo GKmgq †_‡g †M‡jI gv÷v‡ii †`Šo _v‡gwb| mg¯Í w`b Pjj bvbv ¸Äb| †gv‡o, Pv‡qi †`vKv‡b, cyKziNv‡U, Rwgi Av‡j, meLv‡b ïay GKB K_v| Pj‡eI wKQyw`b| †KD `ytL K‡i wKw¯Íi gv÷v‡ii Rb¨| †KD evgvi‡Z Pvq ¸Re iUbvKvix‡K| me‡P‡q †ewk nBPB n‡jv nVvrcvovq| mevB Mvwj cv‡o ev Awfkvc †`q GKRb‡K; †h †Q‡jaiv e‡j †jvK †RvUvj, Zv‡K| wKš‘ †K †m? g‡b g‡b †Luv‡R Avi Mvwj †`q cvovi eD-†ewU| fvwM¨m g‡iwb gv÷vi| nvZKov ciZ mevi nv‡Z| Av‡iv KZ K_v ev KZ fvebv fvej gvbyl| Z‡e GKRb Pzc wQj mvivw`b| AwbZv| r


89


†Qv †Qv UU MM íí

M„nhy‡×i weeiY †mŠif PµeZx©

n

Vvr e„wó ïiæ n‡jv| †`Lv †Mj e„wói †eM `wÿY †_‡K µgk †Z‡o Avm‡Q| b`xi RjI fqvbK Kv`v‡Mvjv n‡q D‡VwQj, Avi cv‡ii Ici AvQ‡ocov †XD‡qi kã †kvbv hvw”Qj k¥kvb PZ¡i ev Av‡iv `~i †_‡K| mKvj †_‡K b`xi P‡i KuvUv‡Sv‡ci cv‡k 20-30wU KzKzi R‡ov n‡q‡Q| e„wó bvg‡jI Iiv cvwj‡q †Mj bv| †Rvqv‡ii Rj D‡V AvmwQj e‡j P‡iI c¨vP‡c‡P Kv`v, Zvi Ici GK-nuvUz Kv`v †g‡L gvSLv‡b GK giv KzKzi wb‡q Iiv e„wófi e‡m iBj| e„wó Pjj 42 wgwbU| mviv mgq IB KzKz‡iiv NbNb wbk¦vm †dj‡Z †dj‡Z giv‡`‡n †Kvc †j‡M Nv nIqv c‡P hvIqv MjvUvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q wQj| cÖej R‡jv nvIqvi m‡½ `~i †_‡K †Kv‡bv KzKz‡ii Kvbœv †f‡m AvmwQj| GB mgq k¥kv‡b giv-†cvov‡bv KvVKqjv e„wói R‡j †f‡m b`xi Kv`v‡Mvjv R‡ji m‡½ wg‡k hvq| †Lvjv nvIqvi `vc‡U euvkSvo¸‡jv by‡q c‡o| Zv m‡Ë¡I †mw`b GKUv KzKziI IB cPv †`nUv †Q‡o b‡owb| µgk we`y¨”Pg‡Ki kã Avi Av¸b e„wói †eM Kwg‡q Avbj| b`xI †Rvqv‡ii R‡j f‡i DVj| Rj D‡V G‡jv P‡i| K‡qK gyn~‡Z© AvKv‡ki †gN †K‡U †Mj| hw`I Mv‡Qi cvZv †_‡K UzcUzc K‡i Rj S‡i cowQj, A_P AvKv‡ki †ivÏy‡i b`xI µgk PKP‡K n‡q DVj| wKš‘ wZb‡U KzKzi evwK‡`i m‡½ wd‡i hvqwb| Iiv b`xi Pi †Q‡o D‡V bv‡Mi †fwo‡Z mvwi mvwi ZvjMv‡Qi †Mvovq G‡m emj| cv‡kB k¥kvbN‡ii wU‡bi Pv‡j †iv` c‡o‡Q| euvkcvZv wewQ‡q _vKv iv¯Ívi Ici w`‡q wbtk‡ã GKUv `uvovk I‡`i w`‡K GwM‡q Avm‡Q| b`x‡Z mvwi mvwi evwj-KvUv †bŠKv †f‡m P‡j‡Q Dˇi| gv‡Si KzKziUv nVvrB D‡V Mv-Svov w`‡q †cQ‡bi cv‡q wf‡R gvwU AuvPov‡Z ïiæ Kij| Ab¨ KzKzi †ND-†ND K‡i DV‡j †m †_‡g wM‡q Avevi mvg‡bi cv-`y‡Uv wewQ‡q e‡m coj| Avi

90

GKwU KzKzi †jR bvo‡Z ïiæ Kij Zvici| Mv‡Qi cvZvq e„wói Rj †iv‡`i Zv‡c hLb ïwK‡q †M‡Q, ZLb PviRb †jvK iv¯ÍvfwZ© wf‡R euvkcvZvi Ici w`‡q nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z GwM‡q G‡jv| KzKziwZbwU DVj bv| Nvo euvwK‡q †jvK¸‡jvi w`‡K ZvKvj| wØZxq fzuwoIqvjv †gvUv †jvKUv ejwQj, AvR Zvi cuvP †KwR gvsm wewµ nqwb| Iiv k¥kvbN‡ii †fZ‡i XzKj bv Ñ euvw`‡K †b‡g KzKzi wZbwUi cvk KvUvj Ñ bv‡Mi †fwo a‡i KzjevMv‡bi w`‡K P‡j †Mj| †mLv‡bB GK RvqMvq emj Iiv| KzKziwZbwU I‡`i K‡_vcK_b ïb‡Z cvw”Qj Ñ GgbwK †PvjvBfwZ© †ccvi †Lvjvi kã| AZGe Iiv DVj bv| fzuwoIqvjv †jvKUv AvR‡KI GKUv KzKz‡ii Mv‡q †Kvc †g‡i‡Q : I‡`i K‡_vcK_b †_‡KB D‡V G‡jv, †KvcUv †j‡M‡Q †cQ‡bi `vebvq Ñ wRf w`‡q PvU‡Z cvi‡jB ÿZ †m‡i hv‡e, ZvB †mUv jÿ¨åóB ejv hvq, KviY GB gvsm-†Pvi KzKzi¸‡jvi


AjsKiY : ZiæY †Nvl DwPZ kvw¯Í Mjvq †Kvc LvIqv Ñ Ges wbwðZ g„Zz¨| I‡`i K‡_vcK_b †_‡K Av‡iv D‡V G‡jv : KzKzi¸‡jv‡K wÎmxgvbvq †`L‡jB †cUv‡bv `iKvi, MZ mßv‡n cÖvq AvovB †KwR IR‡bi GKUv wQbvi UzK‡iv Iiv †U‡b wb‡q †M‡Q Ges fzuwoIqvjv IB KmvB wnmve w`w”Qj †gvU KUv KzKzi‡K †m gvsm-KvUv `v w`‡q Nv‡qj K‡i‡Q| ÔZv m‡Ë¡I KzKzi¸‡jv †kl nq bv|Õ cÖvq 95 wgwbU †jvK¸‡jv e‡m e‡m ¸jZvwb †g‡i †Mj| A‡bK¸‡jv K‡i wewo †Lj| DVj hLb, ZLb `ycyi Mwo‡q †M‡Q| KzKzi¸‡jv wKš‘ †mfv‡eB e‡m wQj wKsev wS‡gv‡Z wS‡gv‡Z wKwÂr Nywg‡qB c‡owQj| †jvK¸‡jv hLb I‡`i cvk w`‡q hvw”Qj, GKevi Iiv gyL Zz‡j ZvKvjI bv| fzuwoIqvjv KmvB ïay Avo‡Pv‡L †`Lj KzKzi¸‡jv‡K| Iiv P‡j †M‡j KzKzi¸‡jv mvivw`b ILv‡bB e‡m iBj| GKmgq fvUvi Uv‡b I‡`i eÜzi jvk k¥kv‡bi cvk w`‡q †f‡m P‡j †Mj Ñ Iiv †mUvI †`Lj bv, GgbwK †evSviI †Póv Kij

bv| wS‡gv‡Z wS‡gv‡Z †h-Ny‡g Zwj‡q wM‡qwQj †m-Ny‡gi cÖfv‡e AKvZ‡i mܨv †b‡g G‡m‡Q, ivZ Mfxi n‡q †M‡Q Ñ Ggb mgq KzKzi wZbwU AvPgKv †R‡M DVj| ZLb `ywbqv Ry‡o fqvbK wbtkã Avi eû`~‡i I‡`iB `‡ji †KD mk‡ã †W‡K P‡j‡Q| fzuwoIqvjv †jvKUvi nVvrB Nyg †f‡O wM‡qwQj iv‡Î| GKUz Av‡M †m Zvi eD‡qi m‡½ m½‡g wjß n‡q‡Q| KmvB‡qi Mv‡qi M‡Ü eD wknwiZ n‡Z n‡Z cÖe„wËi hš¿Yvq KuwK‡q D‡V‡Q cÖejfv‡e| †mI Avw`g kw³e‡j eD‡K `yg‡o-gyP‡o w`‡Z w`‡Z Acwimxg fv‡jv‡e‡m‡Q| Zvici Nywg‡q covi Av‡M Avjøvn‡K ¯§iY K‡iwQj| GLb Nyg fvO‡j †m †Kgb k~b¨Zv Abyfe Kij ey‡K| AZGe D‡V e‡m wewo awi‡q evB‡i †e‡iv‡Z wM‡q Abyfe Kij, eD‡qi cÖZ¨‡½ cÖZ¨‡½ wg‡k hvIqv Av`i Nigq Qwo‡q i‡q‡Q| Zvi ey‡Ki k~b¨Zv †K‡U †Mj| †m eD‡K RvwM‡q Zzj‡Z ïiæ Kij| Ggwb‡ZB †cvkv‡Ki ˆkw_j¨ wQj, Zv‡K gy³ Ki‡Z Ki‡Z eD‡K †m RvwM‡q w`‡Z _vKj µgk| eDI AZxe

91


Kvgbvq KmvB‡K MÖnY Ki‡Z ïiæ Kij †di| nVvrB ejj KmvB, `uvovI, GKUz AvmwQ| eD ïay Aùz‡U ejj, bv| †m ejj, Gÿzwb Avme| KmvB †di GKUv wewo aivj| evB‡i †ewi‡q jyw½ DuPz K‡i †c”Qvc Ki‡Z emj D‡Vv‡bi GK †Kv‡Y| AvKv‡k ZLb Puv` Wz‡e †M‡Q| euvkevMv‡b evZvm eB‡Q mk‡ã| ZLbB KzKziwZbwU Zv‡K AvµgY K‡i| GgbB AZwK©‡Z Ges †KŠk‡j Kvgovq Iiv †h, †jvKUv †Kv‡bv AvIqvRB Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| LvwbKÿY QUdU K‡i, Zvici gviv hvq| w`bUv wQj e„n¯úwZevi| mevB Abygvb Kij wkqvjRvZxq †Kv‡bv e‡bi cïB wbðq| GK-AvaRb e‡jwQj †cv÷g‡U©‡gi K_v; wKš‘ agx©q evavi Rb¨ †mUv AwP‡iB bvKP n‡q †Mj| `ycyi bvMv` gvwU †`Iqv n‡q †M‡j †mB iv‡Z KzKzi wZbwU KmvB‡qi Ke‡ii Ici mvivivZ Nywg‡q‡Q, †fvi nIqvi Av‡M D‡V Ke‡ii AvjMv gvwUi Ici cvqLvbv K‡i‡Q, Zvici Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í m‡i c‡o‡Q †mLvb †_‡K| GKUz c‡i b`xi av‡i m~h© DVj| ax‡i ax‡i AvKv‡ki iw³gZv †K‡U †Mj| m~h© R¡‡j DVj cÖej †Z‡R| Ab¨ wZbwU gvs‡mi †`vKv‡b Zvj-Zvj †Mvgvsm Szwj‡q A_ev wb‡P mvwR‡q ivLj KmvBiv| jvj gvs‡mi M‡Ü evZvm f‡i DVj| Kv‡Kiv Kv-Kv Ki‡Z Ki‡Z †jvfvZzi Dob ïiæ Kij, Avi KmvB‡`i `v‡qi wb‡P gvsm UzK‡iv UzK‡iv n‡Z _vKj| gvs‡mi Szcwo †`vKvb¸‡jv †_‡K `~‡i ¯^v¯’¨eZx Avgªcwji wb‡P G‡m emj KzKz‡iiv| gy‡L mv`v gymjgvwb `vwo, jyw½ cvU K‡i civ, j¤^v Sz‡ji cvÄvwe Avi gymjgvwb Uzwc civ GK mv‡ne GKm‡½ A‡bKUv gvsmB wK‡b wb‡jb| KzKzi¸‡jv wbwð‡šÍ wS‡gvw”Qj| gvs‡mi †`vKv‡b GK`j †Q‡j G‡jv ag©mfvi Puv`v wb‡Z| A‡UvwiKkv¸‡jvq †jv‡Kiv ev`yo‡Svjv n‡q †h‡Z †h‡Z, wn›`yiv †Mvgvs‡mi w`K †_‡K N„Yvf‡i `„wó mwi‡q ivLvi †Póv KiwQj| Avi †ejv evovi m‡½ m‡½ †iv‡`i Zvc †e‡o IVvq KzKzi¸‡jv Mfxi Ny‡g Zwj‡q †Mj| ax‡i ax‡i mybmvb n‡q †h‡Z _vKj mviv `ywbqv| nVvrB Kx GKUv cZ‡bi k‡ã †R‡M DVj KzKziwZbwU| `yB KmvB †`vKvb eÜ K‡i P‡j †M‡Q| †KwR AvovB gvsm wb‡q e‡m Av‡Q †kl KmvB| Avkcv‡k †Kv‡bv †jvK †bB| bv‡K b_civ GK †g‡q nvZ `ywj‡q `ywj‡q KmvB‡qi m‡½ K_v ejwQj| AvovB †KwR gvs‡mi `vg ... UvKv| KmvB ejj, GB gvsm GKv †L‡j ZzB †Zv Avgv‡i Av¯Í wM‡j Lvwe| Ggwb‡Z †Zvi hv LvB| †g‡qwU ejj, †Zvgvi Avevi †Mvm jv‡M wK‡m! GL‡bv †Zvgvi hv †Rvi, Zzwg †g‡q‡Q‡j‡i B”Qv Ki‡j Kuvw`‡q Qvo‡Z cv‡iv| KmvB ejj, mwZ¨ ej bv jvBjy Ñ †Zvi fv‡jv jv‡M? jvBjy KUvÿ K‡i †n‡m ejj, Avmj KvR †Zv Avivg †`Iqv ... ZzB meUv wb‡q hv jvBjy, KmvB ejj, Avi _vwKm‡b Ñ †ewkÿY wb‡R‡i a‡i ivLv hv‡e bv| bv, ejj jvBjy, Zzwg Av‡×K iv‡Lv| iv‡ÎB †`Lv hv‡e Kvi KZ †Rvi ...| jvBjyi ey‡Ki Kvco m‡i wM‡qwQj| KmvB †mw`‡K ZvwK‡q

92

Av‡Q, †m eyS‡Z cvij Ñ wKš‘ eyK †X‡K wbj bv| ejj, AZ †`‡Lv bv Ñ Avgvi wK j¾v †bB! KmvB AcÖ¯‘Z n‡q †PvL mwi‡q wbj| Zvici †Mv¯Í wcm K‡i Kv‡jv K¨vwie¨v‡M f‡i jvBjyi nv‡Z Zz‡j w`‡jv| jvBjy GKevi wgwó †n‡m P‡j †h‡Z D`¨Z n‡jv| KmvB ejj, wVK 8Uv| jvBjy gyPwK nvwm nvm‡Z nvm‡Z `ªæZcv‡q GwM‡q †h‡Z _vKj| KmvB wb‡Ri gvsm¸‡jv wcm Kij, Zvici XKXK K‡i Rj †Lj GKUv †evZj †_‡K| wVK †mB gyn~‡Z© KzKzi wZbwU AvPgKv Suvwc‡q coj Zvi Ici| wKQy ey‡S IVvi Av‡MB, GgbwK wPrKviI Ki‡Z cvij bv, KmvB gviv coj| †ek wKQy`~i P‡j wM‡qwQj jvBjy| MZ w`b hLb KmvB jvBjyi Kv‡Q hvq, †m wb‡iva wb‡Z fz‡j wM‡qwQj| d‡j Avevi evRv‡i †h‡Z n‡qwQj IUv wKb‡Z| AvR hv‡Z fzj †m wØZxqevi bv K‡i †mUv ej‡e e‡j jvBjy †di gvs‡mi †`vKv‡b wd‡i G‡jv| `~i †_‡K wKQyB eyS‡Z cv‡iwb| Kv‡Q Avm‡ZB †`Lj, KmvB g‡i c‡o Av‡Q Avi KzKzi¸‡jv M-i-i M-i-i AvIqvR Ki‡Z Ki‡Z KuvPv gvsm †L‡q P‡j‡Q| Gi d‡j †MvUv GjvKvq AvZ¼ Qwo‡q coj| †Mv¯Í wewµ mvgwqKfv‡e eÜ n‡q †Mj| jvBjyi weeiY †_‡K A‡b‡KiB m‡›`n KzKz‡ii Ici wM‡q c‡owQj; wKš‘ †KDB wbwðZ n‡Z cv‡iwb| †mBm‡½ jvBjy‡K Rwo‡q GKUv ¸Re Ges GB g„Zz¨ Avjøvni †`Iqv wKbv Zv wb‡qI Ríbv ïiæ n‡jv| KzKzi¸‡jv‡K `xN©w`b Avi GjvKvq †`Lv †Mj bv Ñ Avgªcwj Mv‡Qi †Mvovq, †evm‡`i cwiZ¨³ evwoi A›`‡i, gvq k¥kvb-msjMœ bv‡Mi †fwo‡ZI| w`b KvU‡Z jvMj| mewKQy Avevi ¯^vfvweK Q‡›` wd‡i Avm‡Z Avm‡Z el©vKvj G‡m †Mj Ñ b`xI f‡i DVj R‡j| GKw`b c~wY©gviv‡Z KzKzi‡`i cÖwZ m‡›`nekZ †h-†gŠjwf Avjøvni Kv‡Q cÖkœ Zz‡jwQ‡jb, I‡`i kvw¯Íi Rb¨ †g‡niev‡bi Kv‡Q `ievi K‡iwQ‡jb, wZwb †MvUvKZK AvOzi †L‡Z †L‡Z †gvevBj Pvwj‡q wfwWI †`LwQ‡jb| m‡Ü‡ejv e„wói Av‡M GKUz SoI n‡q‡Q Ñ Kv‡i›U †bB| †gŠjwf mv‡ne Kv‡iv Wv‡K mvov w`‡q ej‡jb, Avq ...| mvwKbv N‡i XzKj| wZwb wfwWI cm K‡i mvwKbv‡K ej‡jb, Kx ejwe! mvwKbv ejj, wKQy bv| Avcwb Pv Lv‡eb? GLb †Zv `ya †`Iqvi K_v| ej‡jb †gŠjwf| fvejvg e„wó n‡q‡Q| VvÛv VvÛv ...| mvwKbv ejj| †gŠjwf mvwKbvi w`‡K LvwbKÿY ZvwK‡q †_‡K ej‡jb, AvR ZzB Mv‡q Kx †g‡LwQm, dm©v †`LwQ †Zv‡K! mvwKbv wKwÂr M‡e©i nvwm nvmj| Avevi Mv †_‡K LykeyI †e‡iv‡”Q| ej‡jb †gŠjwf| mvwKbv `uvwo‡q iBj| †gŠjwf ej‡jb, `uvwo‡q iBwj †Kb! †evm GLv‡b| mvwKbv BZ¯ÍZ Ki‡Z Ki‡Z ejj, fvZ Pvcv‡Z n‡e| †gŠjwf D‡V wM‡q mvwKbvi nvZ a‡i †U‡b Avb‡jb Ñ †evm GLv‡b| AvOzi Lvwe? mvwKbv wKQy ejj bv| †gŠjwf ej‡jb, Kx my›`i Puv` D‡V‡Q †`‡LwQm! mvwKbv Rvbvjv w`‡q evB‡i ZvKvj| N‡i Av‡jv R¡jwQj, ZvB evB‡iUv wgkwg‡k AÜKvi †`Lv †Mj| †gŠjwf mvwKbvi Kv‡b Kv‡b ej‡jb, Qv‡` Pj| Puv‡`i


Av‡jvq Avgiv Av‡Mi w`‡bi g‡Zv ... mvwKbv evwU †_‡K GKUv AvOzi Zz‡j wbj| ejj, Avi `ya! ... †mB gyn~‡Z© D‡Vvb †_‡K Kviv †gŠjwf mv‡ne e‡j WvKj| †gŠjwf ej‡jb, ZzB Mig Ki| Avwg ï‡b Avwm| mvwKbv ejj, G‡Kev‡i Qv‡` wb‡q hve? †gŠjwf ej‡jb, GKUz gayI wbm| mvwKbv wLjwLj K‡i †n‡m DVj| †gŠjwf mv‡ne eviv›`vq †ewi‡q †M‡jb| RbvPv‡iK †jvK cyecvovi gmwR‡`i Qv` XvjvB n‡e e‡j †gŠjwf‡K †bgšÍbœ Ki‡Z G‡mwQj| Lye AvšÍwiKZvi m‡½ Iiv †gŠjwf mv‡ne‡K nvZ `y‡Uv a‡i †h‡Z Aby‡iva Kij| Z‡e Lvwmi †Mvm Ki‡Z cv‡iwb, Miæi †Mv‡mi Av‡qvRb K‡i‡Q e‡j KzÉv cÖKvk Kivq †gŠjwf ej‡jb, Avjøvni bv‡g Av‡qvRb Ñ Ifv‡e ej‡Z †bB fvB| †jvK¸‡jv P‡j †M‡j wdbwd‡b †gN Puv`Uvi `Lj wbj Avi wZwbI GKevi D‡Vv‡b †b‡g †`L‡Z †M‡jb Avevi e„wó Avm‡e wKbv| Ggb mgq KzKziwZbwU Zuv‡K AvµgY Kij Ñ AZwK©‡Z, AwZ `ªæZZvi m‡½, †mfv‡e Iiv G-hver K‡i G‡m‡Q| †gŠjwf ïay GKevi AvIqvR Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| mvwKbv ZLb evwU‡Z K‡i gay Avi GK Møvm `ya wb‡q Qv‡` gv`y‡ii Ici iwOb weQvbvi Pv`i †c‡Z †gŠjwfi Rb¨ A‡cÿv KiwQj| gay w`‡q mv‡ne Kx Ki‡eb Ñ †mB Mv-wkiwk‡i fvebvUv fve‡Z fve‡Z †m fvwi D`&MÖxe n‡q DVwQj| Ggb mgq †gŠjwfi mvgvb¨ wPrKvi †hb ïb‡Z †cj †m| ZLb wdbwd‡b †gN µgk †gvUv n‡q Puv`Uv‡K †X‡K †d‡j‡Q| †gŠjwfi Mjvi LvwbKUv gvsm wQu‡o †bIqv n‡qwQj| evN ev IBRvZxq k¦vc`B nq‡Zv Ifv‡e Kvgov‡Z cv‡i| mevB åƒ KzuP‡K fve‡Z jvMj, †mUv Kxfv‡e m¤¢e! hw`I Av‡iv weåvwšÍKi n‡jv, KmvB‡qi m‡½ †gŠjwf mv‡n‡ei mv`„‡k¨i cÖkœ| d‡j RwUj auvavi m„wó n‡jv| cywj‡ki eoevey ¯^qs G‡jb| mevB‡K †evSv‡jb, †cv÷g‡U©g Kiv `iKvi| cyimfvi †Pqvig¨vb Ges Av‡iv †jvKRb Mfxi D‡Ø‡Mi m‡½ GB g„Zz¨i inm¨gqZvi g‡a¨ cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z PvB‡jb| hw`I †kl‡gk †cv÷g‡U©g bv Kivi wm×všÍ M„nxZ nq Ges gi‡`n bvcvK n‡Z bv w`‡qB Kei †`Iqv nq| KzKziwZbwU ZLb f‚Z-†cwZœVvmv kZvãxcÖvPxb k¨vIov Mv‡Qi Zjvq Avivg‡m Ny‡gvw”Qj| †h-`yRb KmvB ZL‡bv †eu‡P wQj, µgk cÖ_g `yB g„Zz¨i AvZ¼ KvwU‡q DV‡Z DV‡Z Z…Zxq g„Zz¨i cÖfv‡e †di AvZw¼Z n‡q coj| iv‡Î Zv‡`i Nyg nq bv| †KD WvK‡j mvov †`q bv Ñ w`b-ivZ cÖej AvZ‡¼ Kv‡U| Avlv‡pi †klv‡kwl mgq wQj †mUv| K‡qKw`b ci `yRb Ab¨ wZbRb‡K m‡½ wb‡q hLb bvM‡`i KzjevMv‡b wM‡q emj, ZL‡bv KmvB‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb KvD‡K e‡jwb †h, cÖwZ gyn~‡Z© †m GKwU †Qviv m‡½ ivLv ïiæ K‡i‡Q| cøvw÷K †ccvi Ly‡j g` Mjvq Xvj‡Z Xvj‡Z GKRb ejj, †f‡e †`‡LQ, cÖ‡Z¨‡K wKš‘ GK Wv‡KB evB‡i G‡mwQj! Ab¨ KmvB ejj, †gŠjwf mv‡qe Qvov Avi `yRb‡K †Zv †KD Wv‡Kwb| nu¨v, nu¨v, Ñ wVK K_v Ñ ejj cv‡ki †jvKwU| KzKzi¸‡jv ZLb KZ Aviv‡g Avo‡gvov fvOwQj| b`x‡Z Rj †e‡o DV‡Q| AvKv‡k †gN K‡i G‡j cv‡ki evMv‡b GKUv

cvwLi Wvbv SvcUvi kã †f‡m G‡j KzKzi¸‡jv †di cvk wd‡i ï‡q coj| AvKv‡k †gN µgk RgvU euva‡Z ïiæ Kij| ZLb wØZxq KmvB cÖ_gRb‡K ejj, P, `yw`b KjKvZv †_‡K Ny‡i Avwm| bv, bv| gb mvq w`‡”Q bv| ejj cÖ_g KmvB| GLv‡b GZ f‡q f‡q KvUvw”Q| Rvwb bv †Kvb wR‡bi †Ljv! fvewQjvg †kdvwji m‡½ `yw`b GKUz ...| ZzB bv †M‡j Avwg GKvB hve| †kdvwji Kv‡Q? †m wR‡Ám Kij| Avi cviwQ bv| `y-wZbw`b Ny‡i bv G‡j ... Pj hvB| ejj cÖ_g KmvB| K‡e? ciï| dvBbvj †Zv? †kdvwj‡K ewjm AvwgI hvw”Q| wØZxq KmvB wLjwLj K‡i †n‡m DVj| nVvrB `y-GK †duvUv e„wó coj Mv‡q| cÖ_g KmvB ejj, ZzB evwo hv| Avwg hvwK‡ii evwo ZvMv`v K‡i wdiwQ| e„wó Avm‡Q †Zv! Ab¨ †KD ejj| nu¨v, nu¨v IV †Zviv| Avi †`wi Kiv hv‡e bv| iv¯Ívi †gvo †_‡K cÖ_g KmvB Ges Ab¨ wZbRb bvMicy‡ii w`‡K P‡j †M‡j, wØZxq KmvB eKzjZjvi cvk w`‡q evwoi c‡_ cv evovj| †duvUv †duvUv e„wó cowQj| KmvB hLb evRvi cvi Kij, ZLb †`vKvbcvU eÜ| `y-PviwU KzKzi Ajmfv‡e iv¯Ívi Avkcv‡k NyiNyi Ki‡Q| wgwói duvKv †`vKv‡b Mv‡j nvZ w`‡q `ˇ`i eo †Q‡j e‡m Av‡Q| mvivevRv‡i eÜ †`vKv‡bi g‡a¨ ïay i‡g‡ki †Uwj‡dvb ey_ †Lvjv Ñ †Ri· †gwkbUv ZL‡bv Pvjy| gvQevRv‡i gvQ-†avqv Rj ïwK‡q M‡Ü fwi‡q †i‡L‡Q GjvKv Ñ gvwQ¸‡jv fbfb K‡i †mB ï‡Kv‡Z _vKv Auvk-†gkv R‡ji cv‡k cv‡k Lvevi Lyu‡R P‡j‡Q| GKUv iæM&Y †eov‡ji ev”Pv eÜ gvQevRv‡ii Avbv‡P-Kvbv‡P ïu‡K ïu‡K wdi‡Q| KmvB nuvU‡Z jvMj| evRvi cvi K‡i †m hLb cvovi w`‡K P‡j‡Q, mybmvb iv¯Ívi `ycv‡k avb‡ÿZ Avi GKmvwi †LRyi Mv‡Qi cvk w`‡q, ZLbB AvPgKv KzKzi wZbwU Zv‡K AvµgY Kij| nZf¤^ n‡q wM‡qwQj| Nv‡oi Kv‡Q Kvgo †Lj †m| wKš‘ AwZ `ªæZZvi m‡½ †QvivUv †ei K‡i †Mu‡_ w`‡jv KzKziUvi †cQ‡bi `vebvq| Avi GKUv KzKzi aivkvqx KmvB‡qi gy‡L Kvgo emv‡Z †Mj| †QvivUv Zz‡j wb‡q IUvi Mv‡q ewm‡q w`‡Z †M‡jB †Q‡o w`‡jv †mUv| fq †c‡q cvwj‡q †Mj| KmvB ZLb hš¿Yvq KvZiv‡Z KvZiv‡Z i³gvLv †Qviv nv‡Z QyU‡Z ïiæ Kij| Zvi Mjv w`‡q MjMj K‡i i³ co‡Z jvMj| Avi Gfv‡e QyU‡Z wM‡q gv_v Ny‡i c‡o †Mj †m| c‡_i euv‡K, eÜ MgKjUvi cv‡k c‡o iBj, hZÿY bv, cÖ_g KmvB †m-c‡_ wd‡i G‡jv| GKwU inm¨gq cÖ‡kœ hewbKv co‡jI gbyl¨ mgv‡Ri Kv‡Q G-K_v †g‡b †bIqv KwVb †h, KzKz‡ii Kvg‡o gvby‡li Ggb Aejxjvq g„Zz¨ N‡U‡Q| Zvn‡jI Wv³vwi wi‡cv‡U© hLb KzKziB mve¨¯Í n‡jv, ZLb gvby‡li g‡b Avi m‡›`‡ni AeKvk iBj bv| wn›`yiv e¨vcviUv‡K gymjgvwb AvPiY e‡j AvL¨v w`‡jI gymjgvbiv wKš‘ †RvU euvaj| †mw`b †_‡K KzKzi wbab Kg©m~wP ïiæ n‡jv| G‡Ki ci GK KzKzi gviv co‡Z jvMj|

93


hw`I KmvB wKš‘ gv‡S gv‡S fv‡e KzKziwZbwUi K_v| Zvi ¯úó g‡b Av‡Q KzKzi¸‡jvi †PvL; Zey cy‡ivcywi wbwðZ n‡Z cv‡i bv| wKš‘ ÔIB KzKzi¸‡jv‡K †Kv_vI †`Lv hv‡”Q bvÕ Ñ G-K_v gy‡L bv ej‡jI Lye †Rv‡ii m‡½ †f‡e _v‡K| gvmLv‡b‡Ki g‡a¨ gbyl¨ GjvKvi mg¯Í KzKziB cÖvq †g‡i †djv n‡jv| KzKz‡ii gnjøvq †h-KUv KzKzi †eu‡P wQj, Zviv evB‡i AvmZ bv| Zv‡`i cÖavb mgm¨v n‡q `uvovj wL‡`| k¥kv‡bi cwiZ¨³ As‡k ev b`xi av‡i †hme RvqMvq †jvKmgvMg nq bv, Iiv †mLv‡b R‡ov n‡Zv| b`x‡Z hZ cPv †`n †f‡m †hZ, ˆ`evr †m¸‡jv cv‡o G‡m AvUKv‡j Iiv †L‡Z cviZ, bv n‡j †f‡m hvIqv cPv †`‡ni w`‡K ZvwK‡q _vKZ Pvi cv R‡j Wzwe‡q| GKw`b Mfxi iv‡Î PzwcPzwc IB wZb KzKzi gnjøvq wd‡i G‡jv| gnjøvq †g‡q KzKz‡ii msL¨v K‡g wM‡qwQj| Iiv †`Lj kw³kvjxivB AwaKvi K‡i wb‡q‡Q bvix‡`i, Ab¨iv Avkcv‡k my‡hv‡Mi Avkvq †jvfvZzi n‡q cÖZxÿv Ki‡Q| mevi Mv‡qB †MvôxmsMÖv‡gi ÿZwPý| KzKziwZbwU gnjøvq wd‡i G‡j †KD †Kv‡bv D”PevP¨ Kij bv| wKš‘ wKQyÿY c‡i hLb I‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb GK KzKzixi †hŠbv½ ïuK‡Z jvMj, ZLb Ii Ici Suvwc‡q coj †mB bvixiB AwaKvix ¯^v¯’¨evb GKwU KzKzi| A‡bKÿY jovB Pjj `yR‡bi| KzKz‡ii `j w`kvnviv n‡q AvµgY Ki‡Z jvMj G‡K Aci‡K| Ae‡k‡l ¯^v¯’¨evb KzKziwU‡K †divwi KzKzi Lye ev‡Rfv‡e RLg Ki‡Z cvij| Avi †mB iv‡ZB IB KzKzixi m‡½ m½‡g wjß n‡Z cvij †m| wKš‘ IB `‡jiB wØZxq KzKzi Ab¨ bvix‡K `Lj Ki‡Z cvij bv| jovB‡q †m wekÖxfv‡e RLg n‡jv| Z…Zxq KzKziwU‡K Aek¨ †mB ivZ †_‡K Avi gnjøvq †`Lv hvqwb| GgbwK Avi †Kv‡bvw`bB Z…Zxq KzKziwU‡K †`Lv †Mj bv| wØZxq KzKziwUI GKw`‡bi Rb¨ DavI n‡q wM‡qwQj| fv‡`ªi f¨vcmv Mi‡g b`x‡Z evb Avmvi AvovB NÈv Av‡M hLb wØZxq KzKziwU wd‡i G‡mwQj, cÖ_g KzKziwU ZLb b`x muvZ‡i a‡i Avb‡Z P‡j‡Q GKUv evQy‡ii †f‡m-hvIqv cPv g„Z‡`n|

94

†mLv‡b ZLb †Kv‡bv KzKzi wQj bv| cÖ_g KzKz‡ii `Lj Kiv KzKzix GKUv Pviv †`e`viæ Mv‡Qi †Mvovq †c”Qvc Ki‡j wØZxq KzKziwU G‡m Zv ïuKj| Zvici ïuKj IB KzKzixi †hŠbv½ Ñ †m GKevi `uvZ wLuwP‡q DV‡jI KzKziwU wKš‘ wcwQ‡q †Mj bv| Zvici µ‡g µ‡g †m Av‡iv wÿcÖ n‡q DV‡Z ïiæ Kij| hLb Kvgbvi cÖPÐ kw³‡Z †m Db¥v` n‡q D‡V‡Q, ZLbB cÖ_g KzKziwU Zv‡K AvµgY Kij| †hŠbZvZvwoZ kix‡ii meUv kw³ w`‡q Ges †h-c×wZ Iiv e¨envi KiZ GKgyn~‡Z© gvbyl gvi‡Z, wØZxq KzKzi †mB AvµgY kvwb‡q cÖ_g KzKziwU‡K †g‡i †djj| I‡`i jovB‡qi mgq f‡q gyL wLuPv‡Z wLuPv‡Z †c”Qvc K‡i †d‡jwQj †g‡qKzKziwU Ñ Zvici fq †c‡q EaŸ©k¦v‡m †`Šov‡Z jvMj| Avi †hŠbZvZvwoZ weRqx KzKzi QyU‡Z jvMj Ii †cQ‡b| hLb Ae‡k‡l †m IB KzKzix‡K ai‡Z cvij, ZLb Iiv evRv‡ii †ek KvQvKvwQ P‡j G‡m‡Q| KzKzix‡K AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi my‡hvM bv w`‡qB KzKziwU Zv‡K m½‡g we× Kij| AvKv‡ki Mv‡q †cuRv-Zz‡jv †g‡N GKevi m~h© XvKv coj| AvKv‡k bx‡ji AvwaK¨ ¯‹z‡j-hvIqv †Q‡j‡`i mv`v †cvkv‡K wVK‡i cowQj| Iiv AvZ¥we¯Í…Z `yB KzKz‡ii †Ljv †`‡L Lye gRv †cj| ki‡Zi AvKvk µgk D`vm n‡q DV‡Z _vKj| †ejv evovi m‡½ m‡½ ki‡Zi mvevjKZ¡ †ek Mv¤¢xh© m„wó K‡i Ñ GLb w`bwU †m-c‡_B GwM‡q hv‡”Q| KzKzi `ywUI m½g‡k‡l hLb ci¯ú‡ii m‡½ †Rvov †j‡M wM‡qwQj, ZLb GK`j †jvK AvPgKv †Kv_v †_‡K Qy‡U G‡m KzKzi `ywUi gv_vq euv‡ki evwo gvi‡j I `y‡Uv GKUz QUdU K‡iB gviv c‡o| KzKzi wba‡bi Rb¨ †h-`j MVb Kiv n‡qwQj, IivB wbqg K‡i giv KzKzi Zz‡j wb‡q †hZ| †`Lv †Mj, Ab¨ Pvi-cuvPRb †jvK G‡m KzKzi`y‡Uvi cv †eu‡a euv‡k Szwj‡q Kuv‡a K‡i wb‡q †Mj| hw`I Iiv giv KzKzi¸‡jv‡K fvMv‡o †d‡j w`Z, bv hZœ K‡i Kei w`Z, Zv †Kv‡bv w`bB Rvbv hvqwb| r


95


Abyev` Mí

njy` KzKzi Bb‡ZRvi û‡mBb D`y© †_‡K Abyev` : mv‡jn dzqv` 96

†k

qvjQvbvi g‡Zv GKwU e¯‘ Zvi gyL †_‡K c‡o hvq| †m †mwUi w`‡K ZvKvq| Gici cv‡qi wb‡P †d‡j g`©b Ki‡Z _v‡K| wKš‘ hZB g`©b K‡i e¯‘wU ZZB eo n‡Z _v‡K| hLb kvqL G-NUbv eY©bv Kiv †kl Ki‡jb Avwg wR‡Ám Kijvg, kvqL, †kqv‡ji ev”Pvi inm¨Uv Kx, g`©b Kivq eo nIqvi g‡a¨ Kx †f` jywK‡q Av‡Q? kvqL Dmgvb KeyZi Dˇi ej‡jb, †kqvjQvbv n‡jv †Zvgvi Ôbd‡m Av¤§vivÕ| bd‡m Av¤§viv‡K hZB g`©b Kiv n‡e Zv ZZB †gvUv n‡e| Avwg AviR Kijvg, kvqL AbygwZ w`b ...| ej‡jb, AbygwZ †`Iqv n‡jv| D‡o wM‡q wZwb †ZuZzjMvQUvq em‡jb| Avwg ARy K‡i KvMR-Kjg wb‡q emjvg|


AjsKiY : ZiæY †Nvl cvVK, GB AvL¨vb Avwg euvnv‡Z wjLwQ, Avgvi Wvb nvZ `ykg‡bi m‡½ nvZ wgwj‡q‡Q Ges hv †_‡K Avwg AvkÖq cÖv_©bv Kwi †m Zv-B wjL‡Z Pvq| kvqL †m-nvZ †_‡K AvkÖq cÖv_©bv Ki‡Z _v‡Kb, †h-nvZ gvby‡li eÜz Ges mvnvh¨Kvix; Zv‡K wZwb `ykgb ejwQ‡jb| Zvi GB eqvb ï‡b GKw`b Zvi Kv‡Q AviR Kijvg, kvqL welqUvi Zdwmi Kiæb| wZwb ZLb kvqL Avey mvB` ingZzjøvwn AvjvBwni Mí †kvbv‡jb, hv wb‡P D‡jøL KiwQ : kvqL Avey mvB` ingZzjøvwn AvjvBwni N‡i Z…Zxq w`‡bi g‡Zv D‡cvm PjwQj| ¯¿xi c‡ÿ Avi mn¨ Kiv m¤¢e bv n‡j wZwb Awf‡hvM K‡ib| me ï‡b kvqL Avey mvB` evB‡i †ei n‡q nvZ cvZ‡jb| nvZ †c‡Z hv †c‡qwQ‡jb Zv wb‡q wdi‡Z hv‡eb wVK ZLbB †Kv‡Zvqvj Zv‡K c‡KU gvivi Awf‡hv‡M cvKovI

K‡i| kvw¯Í¯^iƒc GKUv nvZ †K‡U †`q| †mB KvUv nvZUv wb‡q wZwb N‡i †d‡ib| †mUv mvg‡b wb‡q wejvc K‡ib Ñ †n nvZ, Zzwg †jvf K‡iQ; Zzwg wfÿv †P‡qQ, Avi GLb Zzwg Gi cwiYvg †c‡j| G-†K”Qv ï‡b Avwg AviR Kijvg, kvqL Avgv‡K AbygwZ w`b| wZwb bxie _vK‡jb| Gici ej‡jb, †n Avey Kvwmg wLRwi, kã n‡jv wb‡Ri wek¦v‡mi ¯^xK…wZ Avi †jLv n‡jv Bev`Z| myZivs ARy K‡i `yB Rvby †c‡Z e‡mv Ges †hfv‡e ïb‡Qv wVK †mfv‡e wjwce× K‡iv| Zvici kvqL Kvjv‡g cvK †_‡K cvV Ki‡jb, Avd‡mvm Zv‡`i Rb¨ hviv nvZ w`‡q wj‡L eyw× †e‡P Lvq| G Kvjvg cv‡Vi ci wZwb welYœ n‡q c‡ob| Avwg Rvb‡Z PvB, kvqL, G-KvjvgB ev †Kb co‡jb, Avi c‡o welYœB ev n‡jb †Kb? G-cÖ‡kœi Dˇi kvqL `xN©k¦vm †d‡j Avng` ûRwii Mí ej‡Z ïiæ Ki‡jb, hv cy•Lvbycy•L Avwg Zz‡j aiwQ : Avng` ûRwi wQ‡jb Zvi mg‡qi GKRb cÖexY Kwe| wKš‘ GKevi n‡jv Kx, kn‡i Kwei msL¨v †e‡o †Mj| KweZv Avi AKweZvi cv_©K¨ iBj bv| cÖ‡Z¨‡KB G‡KKRb LvKvwb I AvbIqvwi e‡b †h‡Z jvMj| cÖ‡Z¨‡KB †Zvlv‡gv`Kve¨ wjL‡Z jvMj| Gme †`‡L Avng` ûRwi KweZv †Q‡o g‡`i e¨emv ai‡jb| GKUv Mvav wKb‡jb| g‡`i nuvwo Mvavq Pwo‡q ïiæ Ki‡jb evRv‡i g` wewµ| gvbyl A‡bK AvOzj Zzjj Ñ Avng` cy‡ivB wec_Mvgx n‡q †M‡Q| cweÎ Kvjvg †Q‡o g‡`i e¨emvqx n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Avng` †jv‡Ki K_vq †gv‡UI Kvb w`‡jb bv| wb‡Ri g‡Zv KvR K‡i †h‡Z jvM‡jb| GKw`b c_ Pj‡Z Pj‡Z GKwU †gv‡o G‡m Mvav Avi b‡o bv| PveKv‡Z jvM‡j MvavUv Nvo Nywi‡q Avng`‡K †`‡L wb‡q GKwU KweZv Ave„wË K‡i| KweZvq †m ب_©K wµqvi e¨envi K‡i| KweZvi e³e¨Uv wQj GiKg Ñ ÔAvwg `y-iv¯Ívi gv‡S G‡m `uvwo‡qwQ, Avng` e‡j, P‡jv, wKš‘ Ab¨Rb e‡j, GK cv-I b‡ov bv|Õ Avng` ûRwi Mvavi KweZv ï‡b wb‡Ri Rvgvi Kjvi Uvb †g‡i wQu‡o †d‡jb| Zvici `xN©k¦vm †Q‡o e‡jb, Ôme©bvk †nvK †m mg‡qi, †hLv‡b Mvav Kwe n‡q D‡V‡Q Avi Avng` ûRwii gy‡L Zvjv †j‡M‡Q|Õ Gici Mvav‡K gy³ K‡i kn‡ii w`‡K nuvwK‡q w`‡q wb‡R‡K cvnv‡oi †fZi wb‡q hvb| †mLv‡b weKviMÖ¯Í n‡q Mv‡Q‡`i m‡¤^vab K‡i KweZvi ci KweZv Ave„wË Ki‡Z _v‡Kb Avi bL w`‡q cv_‡ii Mv‡q AuvwKeywK K‡ib| G-NUbv ïwb‡q kvqL wbðzc n‡q hvb| `xN© mgq a‡i gv_v wbPz K‡i e‡m _v‡Kb| Avwg webxZfv‡e wR‡Ám Kwi, Av”Qv kvqL, Mv‡Qiv wK K_v ïb‡Z cvq, A_P Mv‡Qiv †Zv wbRx©e? wZwb gv_v Zz‡j Avgv‡K †`‡Lb| Zvici e‡jb, wRnŸv K_v Qvov _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| K_v †kÖvZv Qvov _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| K_vi †kÖvZv gvbyl| wKš‘ gvby‡li kÖeYkw³ µgvMZ e¨_© n‡j kÖeYkw³nxbivI kÖeYkw³ †c‡q hvq| ZvB K_v †kÖvZv Qvov _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| Gici kvqL mvBwq` Avwj Avj-Rvhvwqwii GKwU Mí e‡jb| MíUv GB duv‡K ïbyb : mvBwq` Avwj Avj-Rvhvwqwi wQ‡jb Zvi mg‡qi GKRb weL¨vZ Abjelx© e³v| wKš‘ GKUv mgq G‡jv wZwb e³…Zv Kiv †Q‡o w`‡q gy‡L G‡Kev‡i Kzjyc Gu‡U w`‡jb| gvby‡li g‡a¨ Aw¯’iZv †`Lv w`‡jv| gvby‡li D‡ØM hLb evoj, ZLb Zviv Zvi

97


Kv‡Q Aby‡iva Kij †h, gnvkq `qv K‡i Avgv‡`i a‡g©vc‡`k w`b| wZwb ej‡jb, wVK Kv‡Q, Avgvi e³…Zvg Kei¯’v‡b wb‡q iv‡Lv| Zvi GB A™¢zZ wb‡`©‡k mevB †Zv AevK| hvB †nvK, e³…Zvg Kei¯’v‡b wb‡q ivLv n‡jv| wZwb Kei¯’v‡b wM‡q g‡Â D‡V AmvaviY AjsKvic~Y© GKwU e³…Zv Ki‡jb| Gi AvRe cÖfve coj, Kei †_‡K ü`qwe`viK cÖv_©bvi myi DVj| Gici mvBwq` Avwj Avj-Rvhvwqwi emwZi w`‡K wd‡i Mjv †Q‡o †W‡K ej‡jb, Av‡i I-kni, †Zvi Ici †Lv`vi Avkxe©v` †nvK, †Zvi RxweZ evwm›`viv ewai n‡q †M‡Q; †Zvi g„Z bvMwiKiv kÖeYkw³ wd‡i †c‡q‡Q| G-K_v e‡j wZwb GZUvB Kuv`‡Z jvM‡jb †h, †Pv‡Li R‡j Zvi `vwo wf‡R hvq| Gici †_‡K wZwb emwZ †Q‡o Kei¯’v‡b _vKv ïiæ K‡ib, †hLv‡b wZwb gy`©v‡`i a‡g©vc‡`k w`‡Zb| G-Mí †kvbvi ci Avwg we¯ÍvwiZ Rvb‡Z wR‡Ám Kwi, kvqL Ñ RxweZ‡`i kÖeYkw³ KLb †jvc cvq Ges g„Ziv KLb kÖeYkw³ wd‡i cvq? Avgvi cÖkœ ï‡b `xN©k¦vm †Q‡o e‡jb, G n‡jv †Lv`vwq inm¨, †Kv‡bv gvby‡li Rb¨ G-†f` duvm Kiv AbywPZ| Gici wZwb Wvbv SvcwU‡q D‡o wM‡q †ZuZzjMv‡Q e‡mb| †R‡b ivLv fv‡jv, kvqL Dmgvb KeyZi cvwL‡`i g‡Zv Do‡Z cv‡ib| Zvi evwo‡Z GKwU †ZuZzj e„ÿ i‡q‡Q| kxZ, MÖx®§ A_ev el©vKv‡j Gi wb‡PB wZwb wRwK‡ii gvnwdj emv‡Zb| Qv‡`i wb‡P em‡Z wZwb A¯^w¯Í †eva Ki‡Zb| ej‡Zb, GK Qv‡`i wb‡P `g eÜ n‡q Av‡m| wØZxq Qv` en‡bi ˆah© Avwg †Kv_vq cvB? Zvi G-K_v ï‡b mvBwq` ivwRi g‡a¨ cÖej D”Q¡v‡mi m„wó nq| Ni‡`vi mg~‡j aŸsm K‡i †`b| PU Mv‡q Rwo‡q †ZuZzjMvQUvi wb‡P wM‡q `uvovb| mvBwq` ivwR, Avey gymwjg evM`vw`, kvqL nvgRv, Avey Rvdi wmivwR, nvwee web BqvnBqv wZiwgwR Ges Avwg Ñ GB bv`vb ev›`vmn kvq‡Li gywi`vbiv wQj| Avwg Qvov evwK cuvPRb wQ‡jb cweÎ cyyiæl| mbœ¨vm I Ava¨vwZ¥KZv Zv‡`i cigeªZ wQj| kvqL nvgRv wPiKzgvi Rxeb hvcb KiwQ‡jb| Qv`nxb evm¯’v‡b _vK‡Zb| wZwb kvq‡Li wkÿvq cÖfvweZ wQ‡jb| ej‡Zb, Qv‡`i wb‡P evm Kiv wkwiK| Qv` †Zv GKUvB, hv AwØZxq mËv, hvi †Kv‡bv Askx`vi †bB Ñ ïay wZwbB †m Qv‡`i AwaKvix| Avjøvni ev›`v‡`i †m-Qv` wfbœ Ab¨ Qv‡`i AvkÖq †bIqv DwPZ bq| Avey gymwjg evM`vw` wQ‡jb GKRb m¤£všÍ wcZvi mšÍvb| evwoNi †Q‡o wcZvi m‡½ m¤úK© wQbœ K‡i GLv‡b G‡m Rxebhvcb ïiæ K‡ib| wZwb ej‡Zb, gh©v`v m‡Z¨i †NvgUv gvÎ| Avey Rvdi wmivwR GKw`b wRwK‡ii g‡a¨ wb‡Ri RvgvKvco wQu‡o UzK‡iv UzK‡iv K‡i †d‡jb| bvgv‡Ri PvUvB‡K R¡vwj‡q †`b| wZwb e‡jb, PvUvB `~‡i mwi‡q †`q gvwU‡K, gvwU †_‡K Ges †cvkvK gvwU‡K gvwUi Ici †kÖôZ¡ †`q| †mw`b †_‡K wZwb gvwUi Ici w`M¤^i Rxebhvcb K‡i Avm‡Qb| Avi gvwU n‡jv Avgv‡`i kvq‡Li gmb`, BU Zvi ZvwKqv| †ZuZzj Mv‡Qi DuPz Wv‡j e‡m _vK‡Zb| wZwb GB wbPz RM‡Zi E‡aŸ© D‡V †M‡Qb| wRwKi Ki‡Z Ki‡Z wZwb Do‡Z _v‡Kb| KL‡bv AeZiY Ki‡Zb †Kv‡bv †`qv‡j, KL‡bv †ZuZzjMv‡Qi kvLvq| KL‡bv A‡bK Ic‡i DV‡Z DV‡Z AvKv‡k nvwi‡q †h‡Zb| GKw`b Zv‡K wR‡Ám Kijvg, kvqL, GB Iovi kw³ Avcwb Kxfv‡e nvwmj Ki‡jb? wZwb DËi w`‡jb, Dmgvb RvMwZK †gvn †_‡K gyL wdwi‡q wb‡q‡Qb Ges K`h©Zvi E‡aŸ© D‡V †M‡Qb| ejjvg, kvqL Ñ RvMwZK †gvn Kx? ej‡jb, RvMwZK †gvn †Zvgvi bdm| wR‡Ám Kijvg, bdm Kx wRwbm?

98

GB cÖ‡kœi Dˇi wZwb G-MíwU †kvbv‡jb, kvqL Aveyj AveŸvm AvkKvwb GKw`b N‡i Xz‡K †`‡Lb GKwU njy` KzKzi Zvi weQvbvq ï‡q Av‡Q| fve‡jb, cÖwZ‡ekxi †Kv‡bv KzKzi nq‡Zv †fZ‡i Xz‡K †M‡Q| †mwU‡K Zvwo‡q †`‡eb fve‡jb, Agwb †mwU Zvi Rvgvi wbP w`‡q †fZi Xz‡K nvIqv n‡q †Mj| MíUv ï‡b Avwg Rvb‡Z PvBjvg, kvqL, njy` KzKziUv Kx? ej‡jb, njy` KzKzi n‡jv †Zvgvi bdm| bdm Kx kvqL? `ywbqvi †gvnB bdm| `ywbqvi †gvn Kx wRwbm kvqL? bxPZv n‡jv `ywbqvi †gvn| bxPZv Kx? bxPZv n‡jv ÁvbnxbZv| ÁvbnxbZvi gv‡b Kx kvqL? eyw×Rxex‡`i AvwaK¨| e¨vL¨v Kiæb, kvqL| wZwb M‡íi gva¨‡g e¨vL¨v Ki‡jb| A‡bK Av‡MKvi GK ev`kvn, `vb-`wÿYvq hvi A‡bK mybvg| GKw`b Zvi `iev‡i eyw×Rxex e‡j cwiwPZ GKRb e¨w³i AvMgb NUj| `iev‡i nvwRi n‡q †jvKUv ejj, eyw×Rxex‡`iI Dchy³ g~j¨vqb PvB Ruvnvcbv| ev`kvn Zv‡K `vwg †cvkvK I lvUwU ¯^Y©gy`ªv w`‡q m¤§vwbZ Ki‡jb| G-Lei Pviw`‡K Qwo‡q coj| Lei ï‡b wb‡R‡K Ávbx g‡b Kiv wØZxq Av‡iK e¨w³ `ievigy‡Lv n‡q wb‡Ri `vwe c~iY K‡i †d‡i| wb‡R‡K cwÐZ‡`i g‡a¨ MY¨ Kiv Z…Zxq Av‡iK e¨w³I `iev‡i nvwRiv w`‡q g~j¨evb †cvkvK wb‡q †d‡i| Gici `iev‡i jvBb c‡o hvq, wb‡R‡`i wkwÿZ-eyw×gvb e‡j g‡b Kiv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB `‡j `‡j `iev‡i nvwRiv w`‡q Bbvg wb‡q wdi‡Zb| DwRi wQ‡jb GKRb eyw×gvb e¨w³| eyw×Rxex‡`i AvwaK¨ †`‡L GKw`b fiv `iev‡i ev`kvn‡K ïwb‡q `xN©k¦vm †dj‡jb| ev`kvn DwRi‡K jÿ Ki‡jb| wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, Avcwb `xN©k¦vm †dj‡jb †Kb? DwRi †Rvonv‡Z ej‡jb, Ruvnvcbv Rxe‡bi wbðqZv †c‡j ej‡Z cvwi| ev`kvn ej‡jb, wbðqZv †`Iqv n‡jv| DwRi webxZ fw½‡Z ej‡jb, Avcbvi ivR¨ Avm‡j Ávbx‡jvKk~b¨| ev`kvn : eo AvRe K_v! †ivRB †`LQ KZ Ávbx-¸wYRb `iev‡i Avm‡Qb Ges Bbvg wb‡q wdi‡Qb, Zey Zzwg G-K_v ejQ| eyw×gvb DwRi ZLb ej‡jb, I‡n `qvjy cÖfz, Ávbx I Mvav‡`i e¨vcv‡i ejv nq †h, †hLv‡b mevB Mvav n‡q hvq †mLv‡b Avm‡j cÖK…Z Mvav _v‡K bv; †hLv‡b mevB eyw×Rxex e‡b hvq †mLv‡b Avm‡j †KDB eyw×Rxex iq bv| G-Kvwnwb ï‡b Avwg wR‡Ám Kijvg, GgbUv Avm‡j KLb nq, hLb mevB eyw×Rxex e‡b †M‡j †KDB eyw×Rxex _v‡K bv? ej‡jb, hLb Ávbx Zvi Ávb jywK‡q †d‡j| Ávbx KLb Zvi Ávb jywK‡q †d‡j? hLb g~L© Ávbx Ges Ávbx g~L© e‡j Av`„Z nq| g~L© KLb Ávbx e‡j Av`„Z nq? Dˇi GKwU wK”Qv ej‡Z jvM‡jb, GKRb weL¨vZ cwÐZ A_©K‡ó fz‡M wb‡Ri kni †Q‡o Ab¨ kn‡i wnRiZ Ki‡jb| †m-kn‡i GKRb me©RbkÖ‡×q Ávbx e¨w³ evm Ki‡Zb| wZwb kn‡ii wewkóRb‡`i ej‡jb, AgyK w`b AgyK mgq kn‡i GKRb cwÐZ AvMgb Ki‡eb| Zvi h_vh_ m¤§vb Kiv PvB| G-K_v


e‡j wZwb wb‡R md‡i †ewi‡q co‡jb| kn‡ii wewkóRbiv wba©vwiZ w`‡bi wba©vwiZ j‡Mœ e›`‡i wM‡q Dcw¯’Z n‡jb| wVK ZLbB GKwU RvnvR G‡m Zx‡i †f‡o| GB Rvnv‡RB †mB cwÐZ e¨w³wU wQ‡jb| GKRb gywPI Zvi mnhvÎx n‡qwQj| †mB gywP wQj Kzu‡o I `yó cÖK…wZi| †m IB cwÐZ‡K mnR-mij †c‡q wb‡Ri mg¯Í wRwbmcËi Zvi Kuv‡a Pvwc‡q w`‡q Svov nvZ-cv n‡q hvq| RvnvR †_‡K hLb `yRbB bvg‡jb ZLb GKRb‡K †`Lv †Mj P‡Ui Rvgv Mv‡q Ry‡Zv †mjvB‡qi DcKi‡Yi †evSvi fv‡i UvjgvUvj| Zv‡K †KD cvËvB w`‡jv bv| wØZxqRb‡K kÖ×v I m¤§v‡bi m‡½ bvwg‡q kn‡i wb‡q †Mj| †mB Ávbx e¨w³ mdi †_‡K wd‡i †`‡Lb iv¯Ívi cv‡k †Pv‡Lgy‡L Ávb I cÖÁvi Avfv R¡jR¡j Kiv GK †jvK Ry‡Zv †mjvB Ki‡Q| Av‡iv mvg‡b wM‡q †`‡Lb kn‡ii D”Pc`¯’ I wewkó e¨w³‡`i wb‡q GKwU gRwjm Pj‡Q| †mLv‡b GK wb‡e©va bvbvb wel‡q wb‡`©kbv w`‡q hv‡”Q| Gme †`‡L †mB Ávbx e¨w³i Avcv`g¯ÍK †Ku‡c I‡V| wZwb ej‡jb, †n kni, †Zvi me©bvk †nvK, ZzB Ávbx‡`i gywP evwb‡q w`‡qwQm, gywP‡`i w`‡qwQm Ávbxi Avmb| Gici gywPi miÄvgvw` wK‡b †mB cwЇZi GKcv‡k iv¯Ívq e‡m wb‡RI Ry‡Zv †mjvB‡q †j‡M hvb| cy‡iv NUbvUv ï‡b Avwg kvq‡Li Kv‡Q Rvb‡Z PvBjvg, kvqL mwZ¨Kvi Ávbx I eyw×Rxex †Pbvi Dcvq Kx? Zvi †Kv‡bv †jvf _v‡K bv| `ywbqvi cÖwZ †jvf KLb m„wó nq? hLb Ávb †b‡g hvq| Ávb KLb †b‡g hvq? hLb `i‡ek nvZ cv‡Z, hLb Kwe gZjwe nq, cvMj †mqvbv n‡q I‡V, cwÐZ e¨emvqx e‡b hvq Ges hLb eyw×Rxex gybvdv AR©b ïiæ K‡i| wVK †m-mgq GK e¨w³ GB dvwm© MxZ ¸b¸wb‡q MvB‡Z MvB‡Z P‡j hvq : `v‡g‡¯‹ nvq Kx AvKvj c‡o‡Q AvR/ eÜzivI fz‡j †M‡Q Zv‡`i Mfxi cÖYq! kvqL †jvKUv‡K †W‡K e‡jb, †Zvgvi MxZUv Av‡iKevi Ave„wË K‡iv| †jvKUv Avevi Ave„wË K‡i| kvqL gyivKvevi Ae¯’vq P‡j hvb| gv_v hLb Zzj‡jb ZLb wb‡Pi NUbvwU ej‡jb Ñ †Kvb GK kn‡i GKRb `vbexi wQj| Zvi `vbkxjZvi K_v gvby‡li gy‡L gy‡L wQj| †m-kn‡i GKRb `i‡ek, GKRb Kwe, GKRb cwÐZ I GKRb eyw×Rxex evm Ki‡Zb| `i‡e‡ki Ggb AvKvj †`Lv w`‡jv †h, wZbw`b Zvi D‡cv‡m †K‡U †Mj| `i‡ek †mB `vbex‡ii Kv‡Q nvZ cvZ‡j `vbexi Zvi Rvgvi AuvPj f‡i w`‡jb| cwЇZi eD `i‡ek‡K myLx †`‡L ¯^vgx‡K we`ªƒc K‡i e‡j, †Zvgvi we`¨vi Kx `vg? †Zvgvi †P‡q IB `i‡ek †Xi fv‡jv, `vbexi Zv‡K AuvPj f‡i ab-†`ŠjZ w`‡q‡Qb| †Vjvq c‡o cwÐZ `vbex‡ii Kv‡Q nvZ cv‡Zb| `vbexi Zv‡KI A‡bK Bbvg I m¤§vb †`b| eyw×Rxex ZLb FYfv‡i RR©wiZ| `i‡ek Ges cwÐZ‡K `vbex‡ii `iRv †_‡K `ynvZ f‡i †e‡iv‡Z †`‡L †m-I †mLv‡b nvwRi n‡q cÖ‡qvR‡bi K_v eY©bv K‡i| `vbexi Zv‡K m¤ú` I m¤§vb w`‡q we`vq K‡ib| Gme ï‡b Kwe hy‡Mi cÖwZ Awf‡hvM †Zv‡jb, wk‡íi gh©v`v AvRKvj `ywbqv †_‡K D‡V †M‡Q| †m-I `vbex‡ii Kv‡Q wM‡q Zvi KweZv ïwb‡q eLwk‡ki Av‡e`b K‡i| `vbexi Zvi KweZv ï‡b Lywk n‡q gwYgy³v w`‡q Zvi gyL f‡i †`q| hv‡Z Avev‡iv D‡cvm Ki‡Z bv nq †mRb¨ `i‡ek hv †c‡qwQj Zv AuvK‡o a‡i K…cYZv ïiæ Kij| cwÐZ †m-m¤ú`

†_‡KB wKQyUv euvwP‡q K‡qKwU DU Ges wKQy e¨emvwqK cY¨ Lwi` K‡i| mI`vMi‡`i m‡½ †mI e¨emvi D‡Ï‡k¨ B¯úvnvb hvÎv K‡i| G-hvÎvq Zvi fv‡jvB gybvdv nq| Gici †m Av‡iv †ewk DU I cY¨ wb‡q †Lvivmvb hvÎv K‡i| eyw×Rxex FY †jb‡`‡bi †ÿ‡Î fv‡jvB AwfÁZv mÂq K‡iwQj| Gevi GjvB‡b †mI wb‡Ri cqmv LvUv‡Z ïiæ K‡i| Kwe eo Ajm| Zey Av‡iv K‡qKUv KweZv wjL‡jb| wKQy wjL‡jb KUvÿ K‡i Avi wKQy Awf‡hvMg~jK| Zvi Av‡iv wKQy Bbvg Ry‡U †Mj| `i‡ek, cwÐZ, eyw×Rxex Ges Kwe PviR‡biB fv‡jv A_©‰bwZK mg„w× n‡jv wKš‘ Gici `i‡e‡ki Ava¨vwZ¥K †MŠie, cwЇZi cvwÐZ¨, eyw×Rxexi Zxÿè Ávb Ges Kwei Kve¨ Ñ meB †fuvZv n‡q †h‡Z jvMj| G-Kvwnwb ejvi ci kvqL wKQyUv _vg‡jb| Zvici ej‡jb, gnvZ¥v †kL mvw`I wVK e‡j‡Qb, Avi Avwg kvqL Dmgvb KeyZiI ewj Ñ `v‡g‡¯‹ †cÖg we¯§„Z n‡q †M‡Q; Dfqfv‡eB n‡q‡Q| Zvici `xN© mgq a‡i IB KweZvUvB ¸b¸b K‡i Ave„wË Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| †mw`b Gici Avi †Kv‡bv K_v e‡jbwb| †R‡b ivLv fv‡jv, Avgv‡`i kvqL big cÖK…wZi, Zvi ü`q †e`bvq fiv| KweZv ïb‡j cigvbw›`Z n‡Zb| Lye †ewk cÖfvweZ n‡j Db¥v` n‡q †h‡Zb| †U‡b kv‡U©i Kjvi wQu‡o †dj‡Zb| †kl †hKweZvwU wZwb kÖeY K‡iwQ‡jb Gevi Avwg †mwU wjLwQ| †mw`b ivZ †_‡KB wZwb Aw¯’i wQ‡jb| ivZRvMvUv Zvi Af¨vm wQj| †m-iv‡Z GKUzI wekÖvg †bbwb| Avwg Aby‡iva Ki‡j e‡jb, gymvwdi‡`i Nygv‡bvi mgq †Kv_vq? Gici Zmwen-Zvnwj‡j Wz‡e hvb| ZL‡bv AÜKvi Kv‡Uwb, kvqL m‡egvÎ dR‡ii diR Av`vq K‡i‡Qb, GKRb dwKi ¸b¸wb‡q G-KweZv Ave„wË Ki‡Z Ki‡Z P‡j hvq : Avkvi nvZ †Kb evove Kv‡iv mvg‡b wfÿv †P‡q †m-nvZ †Zv GKUz GKUz K‡i Nywg‡q †M‡Q wk_v‡b ... Zvi Ici cvMjwg †P‡c e‡m| e‡jb, Av‡i AgyK! G-KweZv Avevi Ave„wË K‡iv| †m †di Ave„wË K‡i| wZwb kv‡U©i Kjvi wQu‡o †d‡jb| †di e‡jb, Av‡i AgyK! G KweZv Avev‡iv Ave„wË K‡iv| dwKi GKB KweZv Avev‡iv Ave„wË K‡i| Zvi ü`q f‡i hvq| welv`fiv K‡É e‡jb, †m nvZ¸‡jvi Rb¨ Avd‡mvm; Avd‡mvm nvZ¸‡jv hv wfÿv †P‡q‡Q Zvi Rb¨| Avgvi †mnvZ¸‡jvi Rb¨ Avd‡mvm nq, Avgvi Avd‡mvm nq nvZ¸‡jv wfÿv †P‡q hv †c‡q‡Q Zvi Rb¨| wZwb wb‡Ri nvZ‡K m‡¤^vab K‡i e‡jb, Avgvi wcÖq nv‡Ziv mvÿx †_‡Kv kvqL Dmgvb KeyZi †Zvgv‡`i Kjw¼Z n‡Z †`qwb|

99


†m-dwKi hv‡K Av‡M †Kv‡bvw`b †`wLwb ïwbwb, †fZ‡i Xz‡K kvqL‡K ejj, †n Dmgvb, †Zvgvi Gevi giv DwPZ| †Zvgvi nvZ wfÿz‡Ki nv‡Z cwiYZ n‡q‡Q| kvqL Zvi K_v ï‡b Kuv`‡Z jvM‡jb| ej‡jb, Avwg g‡i †MwQ| Gici B‡Ui Ici gv_v †i‡L Mv‡q Pv`i †U‡b wbðzc n‡q †M‡jb| kvqL B‡Ui Ici gv_v †i‡L Mv‡q Pv`i †U‡b wbðzc n‡q †M‡jb| Avi †mB dwKi †hw`K †_‡K G‡mwQj †mw`‡KB P‡j †Mj| Avwg `xN© mgq kvq‡Li wk_v‡b e‡m iB| g‡b n‡jv, Pv`‡ii wb‡P wKQy GKUv Wvbv SvcUv‡”Q †hb| Avwg Pv`‡ii GKUv †Kvbv Zz‡j aijvg| AvKw¯§K GKwU mv`v KeyZi †ewi‡q G‡jv| m‡½ m‡½ Dovj †g‡i †mwU AvKv‡k nvwi‡q hvq| Avwg Pv`‡ii †Kvbv mwi‡q kvq‡Li †Pnviv gyevi‡Ki w`‡K ZvKvB| †Pnvivq †m wK AvRe J¾¡j¨| g‡b nw”Qj †hb wZwb ¯^cœRM‡Z Av‡Qb| Avwg cÖej †e`bvq Wz‡e hvB| Kuv`‡Z Kuv`‡Z A‡PZb n‡q cwo| kvq‡Li cweÎ mvnP‡h© Avgvi Ici Avðh© cÖfve c‡o| Avwg N‡i ew›` n‡q e‡m _vwK| `ywbqv †_‡K gb D‡V hvq| eÜzevÜe‡`i m‡½ †`Lv Kivi AvMÖn cvB bv| bv Rvwb Gfv‡e KZw`b Niew›` n‡q wQjvg| GK iv‡Z kvqL ¯^‡cœ †`Lv †`b Ñ Avjøvn kvq‡Li Ke‡i byi el©Y Kiæb Ñ ¯^‡cœ wZwb Avgvi N‡ii Ic‡ii w`‡K ZvKvb, m‡½ m‡½ N‡ii Qv` Ly‡j hvq| AvKvk †`Lv hvq| G-¯^cœ‡K Avwg Zvi c_wb‡`©k e‡j a‡i wbB| wØZxq w`b Ni †_‡K evB‡i †e‡ivB| bv Rvwb KZ w`b Niew›` n‡q wQjvg| g‡b nw”Qj cy‡iv c„w_exUvB e`‡j †M‡Q| evRvi GZUv cwicvwU K‡i mvRv‡bv I RgRgvU †h GgbUv Av‡M KL‡bv †`wLwb| cÖwZwU †`vKvb cwi®‹vi-cwi”Qbœ, e¨vs‡Ki mvg‡b Kv÷gv‡ii jvBb, gyn~‡Z©i g‡a¨ nvRvi nvRvi †jb‡`b n‡”Q| e¨emvqx‡`i m¤ú` M½vi R‡ji g‡Zv evo‡Q| †PvL KP‡j Avevi †`wL, nvq †Lv`v! Avwg †R‡M AvwQ bvwK ¯^cœ †`LwQ, G Avwg †Kvb kn‡i G‡m cojvg| me †`‡L fvejvg, fvB-†eiv`‡ii m‡½ GKevi †`Lv Kiv `iKvi| cÖK…Z Ae¯’v Rvb‡Z n‡e| cÖ_‡gB ¯^M„n aŸsm Kiv mvBwq` ivwRi †LuvR wbB| LyuR‡Z LyuR‡Z kn‡ii GK myfvwmZ Mwj‡Z wM‡q †cuŠwQ| †`wL, GKwU weivU AÆvwjKv `uvwo‡q| †jv‡Kiv ejj, GwUB mvBwq` ivwRi gnj| Avwg AÆvwjKvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q wPrKvi K‡i ewj, †Lv`vi Kmg! †Zvgiv Avgvi m‡½ wg‡_¨ ejQ| mvBwq` ivwR †Kv‡bv evwo evbv‡Z cv‡i bv| Avwg Av‡iv mvg‡b †e‡o Avey gymwjg evM`vw`i †LuvR wbB| GK e¨w³ Avgv‡K kn‡ii wePvicwZi weivU gn‡ji mvg‡b wb‡q wM‡q ejj, GwUB Avey gymwjg evM`vw`i evm¯’vb| weivU cÖvmv`Uv‡K †`Ljvg| Avey gymwjg evM`vw` c‡`vbœwZ †g‡b wb‡q‡Qb †f‡e AevK njvg| mvg‡b †e‡o †kL nvgRvi †LuvR wbB| †kL nvgRvi †LuvR wb‡Z wb‡Z GKch©v‡q wb‡R‡K GKwU weivU cÖvmv‡`i mvg‡b Avwe®‹vi Kwi| ejjvg, †Lv`vi Kmg, †kL nvgRv Qv‡`i wb‡P AvkÖq wb‡q‡Qb; wZwb Avgv‡K †Q‡o `~‡i P‡j †M‡Qb| mvg‡b †e‡o Avey Rvdi wmivwRi †LuvR wbB| †KD GKRb Avgv‡K GKwU ¯^‡Y©i †`vKv‡bi mvg‡b wb‡q hvq| †mLv‡b †ikwg †cvkvK civ Avey Rvdi wmivwR ZvwKqvq †njvb w`‡q `vwg Kv‡c©‡U e‡m wQ‡jb| GKwU †Q‡j h‡Zœi m‡½ Zv‡K cvLv w`‡q evZvm K‡i hv‡”Q| wPrKvi K‡i ewj, I‡n Avey Rvdi gvwU wK AvR gvwU †_‡K g~j¨evb n‡q †M‡Q? Zvici Dˇii A‡cÿv bv K‡iB ILvb †_‡K gyL wdwi‡q P‡j Avwm| c‡_ †`wL †ikwg †cvkvKciv mvBwq` ivwR PvKi-†bvKi cwi‡ewóZ n‡q

100

ivRKxq fw½‡Z Avgvi w`‡K GwM‡q Avm‡Qb| wb‡R‡K Avi wbqš¿Y Ki‡Z cvijvg bv| mvg‡b †e‡o Zvi `xN© AvPKv‡bi fvix AuvPj †U‡b a‡i ejjvg, Av‡i I m¤§vbx es‡ki cÖZxK, bwe es‡ki †bZv; P‡Ui †cvkvK †Q‡o †ik‡gi †cvkvK c‡iQ! GK_vq †m wKQzUv jw¾Z nq| Avwg Kuv`‡Z Kuv`‡Z Avgvi N‡ii w`‡K P‡j Avwm| N‡i wd‡iI Avwg `xN© mgq KvbœvKvwU Kwi Ges ewj, †Lv`vi Kmg Avwg GLb GKv n‡q †MwQ! ciw`b kvq‡Li gvRv‡i nvwRiv w`B| ILv‡b ckwg Rvgvciv nvwee web BqvnBqv wZiwgwR‡K gv`y‡i emv Ae¯’vq cvB| cv‡k e‡m ewj, †`L‡j nvwee `ywbqvUv †Kgb cvj‡U †M‡Q? Avgv‡`i mnPi eÜziv kvq‡Li wkÿv‡K fz‡j Kxfv‡e ¯^ag© Z¨vM K‡i‡Q †`‡LQ? Avgvi K_v ï‡b †Pnvivq `ytL dzwU‡q †m e‡j, wbtm‡›`‡n c„w_exUv e`‡j †M‡Q, eÜzivI kvq‡Li wkÿv‡K fz‡j †M‡Q Ges ¯^ag© †Q‡o w`‡q‡Q| Avwg ewj, aŸsm †nvK w`bv‡ii `vmiv, aŸsm †nvK w`inv‡gi c~Rvwiiv| †mw`bB mܨvq Avey gymwjg evM`vw`i `~Z Avgv‡K WvK‡Z G‡m ejj, Avcbvi cyi‡bv eÜz Avcbv‡K †W‡K‡Qb| ILv‡b wM‡q †`wL nvwee web BqvnBqv Zvi mvwbœ‡a¨ e‡m Av‡Q| Avey gymwjg evM`vw` Kcvj KzwÂZ K‡i ej‡jb, †n Avey Kvwmg wLRwi Zzwg bvwK Avgv‡`i kvq‡Li wkÿv Z¨vMKvix e‡j †eov”Q Ges aŸsm †nvK aŸsm †nvK e‡j wgwQj KiQ? Avwg nvwee web BqvnBqvi w`‡K µz× †Pv‡L ZvKvjvg| Zvici Avey gymwjg evM`vw`i †Pv‡L †PvL †i‡L ejjvg, Avey gymwjg imyj hv e‡j‡Qb Ges kvqL hv wb‡Ri Rxe‡b ev¯Íevqb K‡i †M‡Qb Avcwb wK Avgv‡K Zv ej‡Z gvbv Ki‡Qb? Zvici Avwg cy‡iv nvw`mwU cojvg, aŸsm †nvK w`bviw`inv‡gi c~Rvwi‡`i| aŸsm †nvK Kv‡jv ckwg †cvkv‡Ki `v‡mi, aŸsm †nvK Awfkß †cvkvwK‡`i| G-mgq `¯ÍiLv‡b bvbviK‡gi Lvevi-`vevi cwi‡ekb Kiv n‡jv| Avey gymwjg evM`vw` ej‡jb, eÜz Avnvi K‡iv| Avwg VvÛv cvwb cvb Kiv †_‡K weiZ _vKjvg| ejjvg, †n Avey gymwjg evM`vw`, G-c„w_exUv GKwU w`‡bi g‡Zv, Avgiv Gi †ivRv`vi| G-K_v ï‡b Avey gymwjg evM`vw` †Ku‡` †d‡jb| e‡jb, wVK e‡jQ Avey Kvwmg| Zvici wZwb †L‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| Avgvi K_v ï‡b nvwee web BqvnBqv wZiwgwRI Kuv‡`b| Zvici wZwbI †cUcy‡i LvIqv-`vIqv K‡ib| `¯ÍiLvbv Lvwj n‡j euvw` cwi‡ewóZ n‡q GKRb bZ©Kx G‡jv| Zv‡K †`‡L Avwg D‡V `uvovB| Avey gymwjg evM`vw` †RvivRywi K‡i ej‡jb, e‡mv eÜz| Avwg Avev‡iv ejjvg, Avey gymwjg evM`vw`, c„w_exUv GKwU w`‡bi g‡Zv, Avi Avgiv Gi †ivRv`vi| G-K_v e‡j Avwg P‡j Avwm| †mB †ek¨vi cv‡qi AvIqvR, NyOz‡ii SbSbvwb Avgv‡K Zvov K‡i| Avwg Kv‡b AvOyj w`‡q nuvU‡Z _vwK| N‡i cv ivL‡ZB AvPgKv Mjv †e‡q GKwU big I AvVv‡jv e¯‘ Avgvi gyL w`‡q †ewi‡q Av‡m| evwZ R¡vwj‡q N‡ii cÖwZwU †Kvbv †LuvRvLyuwR K‡iI wKQy †cjvg bv| fvejvg, GUv Avgvi åg n‡e nq‡Zv| PvUvB wewQ‡q ï‡q cojvg| ciw`b mKv‡j nvwee web BqvnBqv wZiwgwRi Kv‡Q †Mjvg| wM‡q †`wL Zvi gv`y‡i GKwU njy` KzKiz ï‡q Av‡Q| Zv‡K m‡¤^vab K‡i ewj, †n BqvnBqvi cyÎ, Zzwg wb‡R‡K RvMwZK AvZ¥vi Kv‡Q mu‡c w`‡q gybvwdK n‡q †MQ| G-K_v ï‡b †m †Ku‡` ejj, †Lv`vi Kmg Avwg †Zvgvi eÜz| Avgv‡`i mZx_©‡`i Kv‡Q wM‡qwQjvg ïay kvq‡Li c_ m¤ú‡K© Zv‡`i mZK© Kivi Rb¨| ZLb kvq‡Li Ke‡i (Avjøvn Zv‡K by‡i cwic~Y© K‡i w`b)


f³e„›`‡K †mvbv-iæcv Qwo‡q w`‡Z †`wL| Zv‡K ejjvg, †n BqvnBqvi cyÎ, †Zvgvi Ag½j †nvK, kvq‡Li †`n`v‡bi ci Zzwg Zv‡K ¯^‡Y©i wewbg‡q wewK‡q w`‡qQ| Gme †mvbv-iæcv Zzwg Kx K‡iv? nvwee web BqvnBqv wZiwgwR Avevi Kuv`‡Z _v‡K| †Lv`vi Kmg †L‡q e‡j, Gme †mvbv-iæcv mvBwq` ivwR, Avey Rvdi wmivwR, Avey gymwjg evM`vw`, †kL nvgRv Ges Avgvi g‡a¨ mgvb mgvb fvMvfvwM nq| Avgvi Ask Avwg Mwie-wgmwKb‡`i gv‡S eÈb K‡i w`B Ges GB gv`yiB Avgvi fvM¨ g‡b Kwi| †mLvb †_‡K D‡V P‡j Avwm| mvBwq` ivwRi AÆvwjKvi mvg‡b w`‡q †h‡Z †h‡Z †`wL Zvi †M‡U GKwU weivU njy` KzKzi `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| GB njy` KzKziwU‡KB Avwg †kL nvgRvi cÖvmv‡`i mvg‡b `uvov‡bv, Avey Rvdi wmivwRi gmb‡`i Ici NygšÍ Ges Avey gymwjg evM`vw`i gn‡ji mvg‡b †jR Zz‡j `uvwo‡q _vK‡Z †`wL| Gme †`‡L g‡b g‡b ejjvg, Avnv kvqL! Avcbvi gywi`iv me njy` KzKz‡ii AvwkÖ‡Z cwiYZ n‡q‡Q| †m-iv‡ZB Avwg Avev‡iv Avey gymwjg evM`vw`i gn‡ji mvg‡b wM‡q `uvovB| Zvici wb‡RB wb‡R‡K wR‡Ám Kwi, Avey Kvwmg, Zzwg GLv‡b †Kb G‡mQ? Avey Kvwmg Avgv‡K Dˇi ejj, Avey gymwjg evM`vw`‡K kvq‡Li c‡_ wd‡i Avmvi AvnŸvb Ki‡Z G‡mwQ| †m-iv‡ZI nvwee web BqvnBqv‡K Avey gymwjg evM`vw`i Lvevi †Uwe‡j †`Ljvg| Avey gymwjg evM`vw` Avgv‡K †W‡K ej‡jb, G‡mv eÜz Avnvi K‡iv| Avwg VvÛv cvwb cvb Kiv †_‡K weiZ †_‡K ewj, †n Avey gymwjg evM`vw`, G-c„w_exUv GKwU w`‡bi g‡Zv, Avgiv Gi †ivRv`vi| G-K_v ï‡b Avey gymwjg evM`vw` †Ku‡` †d‡j ej‡jb, Zzwg wVKB e‡jQ eÜz| Gici wZwb Zvi iv‡Zi Lvevi †kl Ki‡jb| nvwee web BqvnBqv wZiwgwRI Kuv`‡jb Ges †cUcy‡i LvIqv-`vIqv Ki‡jb| Gici bZ©Kx G‡j Avev‡iv GKB K_vi cybive„wË K‡i nuvUv ïiæ Kwi| bZ©Kxi cv‡qi AvIqvR, b~cy‡ii Zvj A‡bKUv c_ Avgvi wcQy †bq| wKš‘ Avwg Kv‡b AvOzj ¸u‡R mvg‡b GwM‡q †h‡Z _vwK| Z…Zxq w`b †di kniUv‡K Ny‡i †`wL| MZ `yw`b hv hv †`‡LwQjvg Av‡Rv mewKQy GKBiKg| mvgvb¨I cwieZ©b †bB| iv‡Z Avev‡iv wb‡R‡K Avey gymwjg evM`vw`i `iRvi mvg‡b Avwe®‹vi Kwi| Avgvi RvbvB wQj †h, Avwg Avey gymwjg‡K kvq‡Li c‡_ wd‡i Avmvi AvnŸvb Ki‡Z G‡mwQ| ZvB AvR Avi wb‡R‡K †Kv‡bv cÖkœ bv K‡iB A›`‡i Xz‡K hvB| Av‡Rv nvwee web BqvnBqv Lvevi †Uwe‡j nvwRi i‡q‡Q| Avey gymwjg evM`vw` Avgv‡K †`‡L AvnŸvb K‡i, G‡mv eÜz, Lvevi MÖnY K‡iv| AvR wQj Avgvi D‡cv‡mi Z…Zxq w`b| `¯ÍiLv‡b n‡iKiKg Lvevi QvovI mvRv‡bv wQj Avgvi GK mgqKvi Lye wcÖq Lvevi Rvdivb-†cvjvI| GK †jvKgv Rvdivb-†cvjvI gy‡L w`‡q Lvevi †_‡K nvZ Zz‡j wbB| GK †XvK VvÛv cvwb cvb K‡i ewj, G-`ywbqvUv GKUv w`b Avgiv Gi †ivRv`vi| AvR G-K_v †kvbvi ci Avey gymwjg evM`vw` Kvbœvi e`‡j ¯^w¯Íi wbk¦vm †d‡j ejj, eÜz Zzwg mZ¨ e‡jQ| Zvici †mB bZ©Kx †ewi‡q G‡j GKevi †PvL wdwi‡q ZvwK‡q †`wL Zvi ivOv ivOv †Pnviv, jvj IqvB‡bi g‡Zv †PvL, k³ ¯Íb‡euvUv Ges fivU Eiæ| †cU wQj Zvi P›`b gnj, bvwf †hb †Mvj †cqvjv| ci‡b Zvi GZUvB cvZjv †cvkvK wQj †h, P›`b gnj, †Mvj †cqvjv Ges iæcvwj Eiæ meB wQj †Lvjv‡gjv| g‡b nw”Qj Avwg Av‡iv GK †jvKgv myiwfZ wgwó Rvdivb-†cvjvI gy‡L cy‡i w`‡qwQ| Avgvi kix‡ii †Rvovq †Rvovq SsKvi DV‡Q| Avgvi nvZ

Avgvi wbqš¿‡Yi evB‡i P‡j hv‡”Q| nv‡Zi e¨vcv‡i kvqL hv e‡jwQ‡jb Avgvi Zv g‡b c‡o hvq| Avwg Nve‡o wM‡q D‡V `uvovB| Avey gymwjg evM`vw` AvR Lvevi LvIqvi Rb¨ †RvivRywi K‡ibwb| AvR †ek¨vi cv‡qi AvIqvR Ges b~cy‡ii Zvj GK gv`KZvi m‡½ A‡bK`~i ch©šÍ Avgvi wcQy wb‡q‡Q| N‡i wd‡i †`wL Avgvi gv`y‡i ï‡q Av‡Q GKwU njy` KzKzi! G-`„k¨ †`‡L Avwg †Zv G‡Kev‡i _ e‡b hvB| Avgvi Mv †e‡q VvÛv Nvg bvg‡Z _v‡K| Avwg KzKziwU‡K AvNvZ Ki‡j IUv bv cvwj‡q Dj‡Uv Avgvi Rvgvi wbP w`‡q †fZ‡i Xz‡K nvIqv n‡q hvq| `ywðšÍv Avi mskq Pvicvk †_‡K Avgv‡K wN‡i a‡i| Avgvi †Pv‡Li Nyg Ges g‡bi kvwšÍ D‡e hvq| cÖPÐ Aby‡kvPbvq †iv`b Ki‡Z _vwK, gvey` Avgvi Ici ing K‡iv, Avgvi ü`q AcweÎZvi g‡a¨ Wz‡e †M‡Q, Avgvi †fZi njy` KzKzi Xz‡K †M‡Q| †ivbvRvwi Kwi; †gvbvRvZ Kwi; Zey ü`‡q Avgvi kvwšÍ Av‡m bv| nVvr K‡i Avey Avwj †iv`evwi ivwR Avjøvû Avbûi K_v g‡b c‡o| wZwbI GKUv mgq G-†iv‡M AvµvšÍ wQ‡jb| GKw`b †fv‡ii Av‡jv †dvUvi Av‡MB †m b`x‡Z wM‡q †cuŠ‡Q Ges m~h© IVv ch©šÍ †mLv‡bB Ae¯’vb K‡i| G mgq Zvi ü`q fvivµvšÍ nq| †m cÖv_©bv K‡i, †n †Lv`v kvwšÍ w`b| b`x †_‡K A`„k¨ AvIqvR Av‡m, kvwšÍ Áv‡bi g‡a¨| Avwg wb‡R‡K ejjvg, Avey Kvwmg wLRwi G RvqMv Z¨vM K‡iv| GLv‡b †Zvgvi †fZievB‡i njy` KzKz‡ii Rb¥ n‡q‡Q| †Zvgvi kvwšÍ DavI n‡q †M‡Q| †klev‡ii g‡Zv Avgvi NiUv‡K †`‡L wbB| eû eQ‡ii cÖ‡Póvq msMÖn Kiv gvbwZK Ges wdKn kv‡¯¿i `y®úÖvc¨ †KZvevw` †Q‡o ïay kvq‡Li evYxmsKjb eM‡j wb‡q kni †Q‡o †ewi‡q cwo| kni †_‡K †eiæ‡bvi c‡_ c‡_ gvwU Avgvi cv AuvK‡o a‡i| kvq‡Li myiwfZ gRwjm¸‡jvi K_v eÇ †ewk g‡b c‡o| GB gvwU hv‡K Avwg c~Z-cweÎ †R‡bwQjvg Avgv‡K Lye K‡i AuvK‡o a‡i| GBme Mwj hv kvq‡Li cv‡q Pzgy †L‡qwQj Avgv‡K fxlYfv‡e Wv‡K| I‡`i WvK ï‡b Kuvw`| wPrKvi K‡i Kuv`‡Z Kuv`‡Z ewj, nv kvqL, Avcbvi kni Qv‡` †Q‡q †M‡Q| AvKvk `~‡i P‡j †M‡Q| Avcbvi †`v¯Í I kvM‡i`iv Avcbv‡K †Q‡o cvwj‡q‡Q| Zviv jv-kvwiK Qv‡`i †gvKv‡ejvq ¯^-¯^ Qv` Lvov K‡i‡Q| gvwUi m‡½ gvwUi `~iZ¡ ˆZwi K‡i‡Q| njy` KzKzi n‡q‡Q m¤§vwbZ Avi Avkivdzj gvLjyKvZ cwiYZ n‡q‡Q Kv`vgvwU‡Z| Avgvi Rb¨ G-kni msKxY© n‡q c‡o‡Q| Avwg Avcbvi kni Z¨vM K‡iwQ Ñ G-K_v e‡j wb‡Ri ü`q‡K KwVb K‡i nuvU‡Z _vwK| nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z eû`~i P‡j G‡mwQ| Aweivg nuvUvi Kvi‡Y nuvwc‡q †MwQ, cv‡q †dvmKv c‡o †M‡Q| wKš‘ Gici AvPgKv wKQy GKUv †Rvi K‡i Mjvi †fZi w`‡q †ewi‡q Avgvi cv‡qi ci wM‡q coj| cv‡qi w`‡K ZvwK‡q wew¯§Z n‡q †Mjvg, G †Zv †`LwQ GKwU †kqvjQvbv Avgvi cv‡qi Ici MovMwo Lv‡”Q| QvbvwU‡K cv‡qi wb‡P †d‡j wc‡l gw_Z K‡i w`‡Z PvBjvg| wKš‘ Kx Avðh©, †kqv‡ji GB Qvbv †Zv dz‡j Bqv †gvUv n‡q †M‡Q! Avwg cv‡qi wb‡P †d‡j Avev‡iv g`©b Ki‡Z _vKjvg| QvbvwUI µgk †gvUv n‡Z jvMj| †gvUv n‡Z n‡Z njy` KzKz‡i cwiYZ n‡jv! Zvici cv‡qi wb‡P †d‡j wcl‡Z wcl‡Z cy‡iv kw³ w`‡q IUv‡K jvwÌ †g‡i mvg‡b GwM‡q hvB| Avwg ewj, †Lv`vi Kmg, Avwg Avgvi njy` KzKzi‡K wc‡l †d‡jwQ| Avwg mvg‡b GwM‡q hvw”Qjvg, Avgvi cv‡qi †dv¯‹v¸‡jv †duvovq iƒcvšÍwiZ nq| cv‡qi AvOzj¸‡jv †d‡U hvq| cv‡qi Zjv n‡q hvq G‡Kev‡i i³v³| wKš‘ Gici †h njy` KzKziUv‡K Avwg cv‡qi wb‡P †d‡j wcó K‡i †cQ‡b †d‡j G‡mwQ e‡j RvbZvg

101


†mwU †Kv_v †_‡K †hb G‡m Avgvi c_ AvM‡j `uvwo‡q‡Q| Avwg KzKziUvi m‡½ Av”Qvg‡Zv jojvg| c_ †_‡K miv‡bvi mg¯Í †PóvB Kijvg wKš‘ †mwU c_ †_‡K †gv‡UI mij bv| GgbwK AvwgB K¬všÍ n‡q †QvU n‡q †Mjvg Avi IB njy` KzKzi dz‡j‡du‡c Av‡iv eo n‡q †Mj| Avwg ZLb iveŸyj B¾‡Zi `iev‡i dwiqv` Kwi, †n cvjbKZ©v cÖfz, gvbyl †QvU n‡q †M‡Q Avi KzKzi eo n‡q †M‡Q| Avwg Zv‡K cv‡q wcl‡Z †P‡qwQ Avi †m Avgvi Rvgvi AuvP‡j Xz‡K Mv‡qe n‡q †M‡Q| Avwg Avgvi dvUv AvOzj, i³v³ cv‡qi cvZv Avi †duvovi w`‡K ZvwK‡q wb‡Ri `yM©wZi Rb¨ KvbœvKvwU Kwi Avi ewj, nvq Avgv‡K hw` kvq‡Li kni Qvo‡Z bv n‡Zv! ZLb Avgvi wPšÍv Ab¨w`‡K †Mj| Kíbvq myMwÜ Rvdivb-†cvjvI †`L‡Z cvB| Kíbvq †`wL P›`b gnj, †Mvj †cqvjvIqvwj‡K| kvq‡Li gvRv‡i †mvbv-iæcvi e„wó Sivi welqUvI Abygvb Kwi| GI fvwe, G‡Z †Kv‡bv m‡›`n †bB †h, kvq‡Li kvM‡i`-gywi`iv gvRv‡i Siv †mvbv-iæcvq Zvi wkÿv †_‡K A‡bK `~‡i m‡i †M‡Q| nvwee web BqvnBqv wZiwgwR gybv‡dwKi c_ †e‡Q wb‡q‡Q| wKš‘ kvq‡Li evYxmsKjb †Zv GL‡bv Avgvi Kv‡Q i‡q‡Q| GwUB n‡e Avgvi kn‡i †divi mwVK I Dchy³ gva¨g| Aek¨B Avwg kvq‡Li evYxmsKjbUv Av‡iKevi fv‡jv K‡i †`‡L †be| GwU‡K mevi Kv‡Q kÖ×vi Ges fv‡jvevmvi e¯‘ evwb‡q Qwo‡q †`Iqvi e¨e¯’v Kie Ges Ggbfv‡e kvq‡Li RxebK_v wjLe †h, eÜziv Lywk n‡q DV‡e, †KDB Avgvi Ici ÿzä n‡e bv| Gme fve‡Z fve‡ZB nVvr Avgvi kvq‡Li GKUv K_v g‡b c‡o hvq Ñ nvZ gvby‡li `ykgb| Avgvi g‡b nq, Avgvi nvZI Avgvi m‡½ `ykgwb Ki‡e| †m-iv‡ZB hLb Nygve fvewQ, †`wL Ñ njy` KzKzi Avev‡iv G‡m nvwRi, Avgvi PvUvB‡q ï‡q Av‡Q| Avwg KzKziUv‡K AvNvZ Kijvg| PvUvB †_‡K Zvov‡Z jovB ïiæ Kwi| Avwg Avi njy` KzKzi ivZfi jovB Ki‡Z _vwK| KL‡bv Avwg Zv‡K cv‡qi wb‡P †d‡j wc‡l w`B Ges †m †QvU n‡q hvq Avi Avwg nB eo, Avevi KL‡bv †m D‡V `uvovq Ges Avwg †QvU n‡q hvB Avi †m n‡q hvq eo| †kl ch©šÍ ivZ †fvi n‡j Zvi †ZR K‡g Av‡m| Zvici Avgvi AuvP‡ji †fZi Xz‡K Mv‡qe n‡q hvq| Zvici †_‡K GLb ch©šÍ Avgvi Avi njy` KzKz‡ii jovB P‡j Avm‡Q| †jLv `xN© n‡q hv‡e e‡j G-msMÖv‡gi eû Wvjcvjv Ges †eïgvi m~² welqvewj bv wj‡L Gwo‡q hvw”Q| KL‡bv njy` KzKzi Avgvi Ici Avevi KL‡bv Avwg njy` KzKz‡ii Ici Rqx nw”Qjvg| KL‡bv Avwg eo nB Ges †m Avgvi cv‡qi Kv‡Q †kqvjQvbvi g‡Zv ¸wUmywU †g‡i c‡o _v‡K| KL‡bv †m eo n‡q hvq Avi Avwg msKzwPZ n‡q cwo| Avgv‡K ZLb myMwÜ Rvdivb†cvjvI, P›`b gnj Ges †Mvj †cqvjv cxov w`‡Z _v‡K| njy` KzKzi e‡j, mevB hLb njy` KzKzi n‡q hvq, ZL‡bv gvbyl †m‡R _vKv KzKz‡ii †P‡qI wbK…ó KvR| Avwg cÖv_©bv Kwi, †n cvjbKZ©v Avi KZ MvQZjvq gvby‡li †_‡K `~‡i `~‡i cvwj‡q †eove| KuvPvcvKv dj, †gvUv P‡Ui wQbœe‡¯¿ Avi KZ w`b KvUve| Avgvi cv knigyLx n‡q hvq| wKš‘ Avgvi kvq‡Li evYx g‡b c‡o Ñ Dj‡UvgyLx cv cw_‡Ki kÎæ| Avwg Avevi Avgvi cv-†K kvw¯Í w`B| kni‡K †cQ‡b †i‡L GZUv nuvwU †h, cv‡qi cvZv i³v³ n‡q hvq| iv¯Ív †_‡K cv_i mwi‡q mwi‡q nvZ‡KI kvw¯Í w`B| †n iveŸyj B¾Z, Avwg Avgvi kÎæ‡`i GZUvB kvw¯Í w`‡qwQ †h, cv‡qi cvZv i³v³ n‡q †M‡Q, cv_i Zzj‡Z Zzj‡Z nv‡Z Nv n‡q †M‡Q| †iv‡` cy‡o Avgvi Pvgov Kv‡jv n‡q †M‡Q| Avgvi nvonvwÇ M‡j hv‡”Q| †n iveŸyj B¾Z, Avgvi ivZ¸‡jv cy‡o †M‡Q,

102

w`b¸‡jv ay‡jvq Wz‡e †M‡Q| `ywbqvUv Avgvi Rb¨ GKwU R¡jšÍ w`‡b cwiYZ n‡q‡Q, Avi Avwg †m w`‡b †ivRv ivLwQ, †ivRv w`b‡K w`b `xN©B n‡q hv‡”Q| †ivRvq Avwg Av‡iv †ewk ïwK‡q hvw”Q wKš‘ njy` KzKzi Av‡iv kw³kvjx n‡”Q| †ivR iv‡Z Avgvi PvUvB‡q ï‡qe‡m Avivg K‡i hv‡”Q| Avgvi Avivg †f‡O Lvb Lvb n‡q †M‡Q| Avgvi PvUvB A‡b¨i Kâvq P‡j †M‡Q| njy` KzKzi Av‡iv eo n‡q †M‡Q Ges gvbyl n‡q †M‡Q Av‡iv ÿz`ª| Zvici Avey Avwj †iv`evwi‡K Avevi ¯§iY Kwi Ges nuvUz †f‡O b`xi cv‡o e‡m cwo| Avgvi ü`q `yt‡L fiv wQj| †Ku‡` †Ku‡` cÖv_©bv Kwi, †n Gjvwn, kvwšÍ w`b kvwšÍ w`b kvwšÍ w`b| b`xi w`‡K ZvwK‡q ivZfi KvbœvKvwU Kwi| cy‡ivUv ivZ ay‡jvi m‡½ Zxeª evZvm e‡q †M‡Q| MvQ †_‡K ïK‡bv cvZv S‡i c‡o‡Q| b`x †_‡K †PvL wdwi‡q ay‡jvq XvKv wb‡Ri kixiUvi w`‡K ZvKvB| Avgvi Pvicv‡k njy` cvZvi mgvnvi †`‡L ejjvg, G n‡jv Avgvi Avkv-AvKv•ÿv| †Lv`vi Kmg Avwg cweÎZv †_‡K gy³ n‡q †MwQ| Avwg cvZvnxb wee¯¿ e„‡ÿ cwiYZ n‡qwQ| †fv‡i Avgvi kix‡ii cÖwZwU †Rvov †_‡K wgVv wgVv im †ei懔Q e‡j g‡b n‡Z jvMj| †hb †`n Avgvi P›`b gn‡ji ¯úk© †c‡q‡Q| cÖwZwU †`n-†Rvov †hb †mvbvwj †Mvj †cqvjv Ges ZzjZz‡j iæcvwj †Mvovwji †Quvqv †c‡q‡Q| †hb AvOz‡jiv †mvbv-iæcvi g‡a¨ †L‡j P‡j‡Q, w`invg-w`bvi †hb SbSwb‡q DV‡Q| Zvici †PvL †g‡j Kzqvkv”Qbœ †fv‡ii Av‡jvq fqvbK `„k¨Uv †`Ljvg| njy` KzKziUv †cQ‡bi cv kn‡i Ges mvg‡bi cv Avgvi PvUvB‡qi Ici †i‡L †jR DuwP‡q `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| Zvi †fRv Dò bvmviÜ« Avgvi Wvb nv‡Zi AvOzj ¯úk© Ki‡Q| Avgvi Wvb nv‡Zi AvOzj¸‡jvi w`‡K Ggbfv‡e ZvKvjvg †hb Zv Avey mvB` ingZzjøvn AvjvBwni nv‡Zi g‡Zv KwZ©Z n‡q Avgvi †_‡K c„_K n‡q c‡o Av‡Q| Avwg IUv‡K m‡¤^vab K‡i ewj, †n Avgvi nvZ, †n eÜz Avgvi, Zzwg `ykg‡bi m‡½ AuvZvZ K‡iQ| †PvL eÜ K‡i †dwj| wejvc Ki‡Z Ki‡Z Avev‡iv cÖv_©bv Kwi, Bqv Gjvwn, kvwšÍ w`b kvwšÍ w`b kvwšÍ w`b|

Bb‡ZRvi û‡mBb

K_vmvwnwZ¨K Bb‡ZRvi û‡mBb‡K Zzjbv Kiv nq cÖL¨vZ D`©y †QvUMíKvi mvÕ`Z nvmvb gv‡›Uvi m‡½| †KD †KD Zv‡K gv‡›Uvi †P‡qI kw³kvjx MíKvi e‡j `vwe K‡ib| gv‡›Uv-cieZx© D`y© †QvUM‡íi me‡P‡q kw³gvb mªóv Bb‡ZRvi û‡mBb Zuvi weL¨vZ Dcb¨vm evw¯Íi Rb¨ 2013 mv‡j g¨vbeyKvi mswÿß ZvwjKvq ¯’vb K‡i wb‡qwQ‡jb| †cŠivwYK AvL¨vb, A¨vivweqvb bvBUm I KvdKv‡K †Q‡b m„wó K‡i‡Qb †QvUM‡íi wbR¯^ ÷vBj| Zuvi M‡íi cøU, PwiÎ wKsev fvlv meB cÖZxKx| GQvov †`kfv‡Mi mgq fviZ †Q‡o Avmv GB †jL‡Ki †jLvq evievi Ny‡iwd‡i G‡m‡Q b÷vjwRqv| Bb‡ZRvi û‡mBb D`©y QvovI Bs‡iwR‡Z †jLv‡jwL K‡i‡Qb| †ckvRxe‡b cvwK¯Ív‡bi weL¨vZ Bs‡iwR ˆ`wbK W‡b KvR K‡i‡Qb| Abyev` K‡i‡Qb †PLfmn wek¦mvwn‡Z¨i ¸iæZ¡c~Y© bvbv †jLv‡RvLv| evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv msMÖv‡gi c‡ÿi GB K_vmvwnwZ¨K Avgv‡`i gnvb gyw³hy× wb‡qI wj‡L‡Qb GKvwaK AmvaviY †QvUMí| gyw³hy× wb‡q Zuvi weL¨vZ `ywU †QvUMí n‡”Q, wmøc Ges wmwU Ae m‡iv| GQvov Zuvi weL¨vZ Dcb¨vm evw¯Íi GKwU eo Ask Ry‡oB i‡q‡Q mvZPwjøk, EbmËi Ges GKvˇii w`wjø, XvKv I jv‡nvi| 2016 mv‡ji 2 †deªæqvwi D`y©mvwn‡Z¨i GB kw³gvb †jLK gviv hvb| r


cÖ e Ü

Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi cÖ”Q`wP‡Îi A‡š^l‡Y : GKwU Rwic f‚uBqv BKevj (DrmM© : gynv¤§` Rvnv½x‡ii ¯§„wZ‡Z)

wk

íx Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi m‡½ wfbœ wfbœ Dcj‡ÿ K‡qKevi †`Lv K‡iwQ evsjv‡`‡ki Afz¨`‡qi c‡i| gwZwS‡j wewm‡Ki wWRvBb †m›Uv‡i cÖ_gevi hvB ˆ`wbK evsjvi d‡UvMÖvdvi †Mvjvg gIjvi m‡½| wØZxqevi evmvq wM‡qwQjvg wkïmvwnwZ¨K GLjvmDwÏb Avng` I evsjv GKv‡Wwgi mncwiPvjK †jLK Aveyj nvmbv‡Zi m‡½| †m›Uªvj †iv‡Wi IB evmvq gynv¤§` Rvnv½x‡ii m‡½ wM‡qwQ †ek K‡qKevi| Z‡e gynv¤§` Rvnv½xi-m¤úvw`Z cÖeÜcwÎKv e³‡e¨i cÖ”Q‡`i Qwei R‡b¨ Rvnv½xi hLb wM‡qwQj, ZLb Avwg Zvi m½x wQjvg wK bv, g‡b †bB| e³‡e¨i wZbwU msL¨vq Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi Qwe e¨envi Kiv n‡qwQj, wbe©vPb wkíxi| cÖ_g msL¨vq (1976) Qvcv nq ÔmœvbÕ (wj‡_vMÖvd 1958)| Av‡iKwU msL¨vq gyw`ªZ n‡qwQj Ôivq‡e‡k b„Z¨Õ (wj‡bvKvU 1974)| Rvnv½xi I Avwg †h Av‡iv K‡qKevi e³‡e¨i cÖ”Q`wPÎ msMÖn wKsev Mí Ki‡Z Zuvi evmvq wM‡qwQjvg, Zvi D‡jøL Av‡Q Zuvi †L‡ivLvZvi cvZvq| †mUv Rvb‡Z cvwi Ô†L‡ivLvZvÕ ˆ`wbK RbK‡É avivevwnK Qvcvi mg‡q| `yB wkíx Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi eBc‡Îi Bjvm‡Uªkb I cÖ”Q`wPÎ iPbvi GKwU A_©‰bwZK BwZKvwnwb Av‡Q| Zuvi wcZv cy‡Îi Qwe AuvKvi we‡ivax wQ‡jb; AvU© ¯‹z‡j covi LiP w`‡Zb bv| Kvgiæj covi LiP †RvMv‡oi R‡b¨ bvbv ai‡bi A‡_©vcvR©bKvix Kv‡Ri †k‡l cwÎKvq AjsKi‡Yi KvR ïiæ K‡ib KjKvZvq| w·ki `k‡K Aveyj Kvjvg kvgmyÏxb-m¤úvw`Z ˆ`wbK AvRv‡`i C` msL¨vq wKsev Av‡iv c‡i KvRx †gvnv¤§` B`wim-m¤úvw`Z I Aveyj nvwkg-cÖwZwôZ mvßvwnK wgjøvZ cwÎKvi C` msL¨vq (1353 e.) Kvgiæ‡ji AjsKiY †`‡LwQ| †mKv‡j Zuvi Av‡M mvgwqKc‡Î AjsKiY Ki‡Zb Ges eB‡qi cÖ”Q`cU iPbv K‡i L¨vwZ jvf K‡iwQ‡jb KvRx Aveyj Kv‡mg I Rqbyj Av‡ew`b| Kvgiæj gvwmK †gvnv¤§`x, nvbvdx Ñ Gme cwÎKvq AjsKiY Ki‡Zb I wgjøv‡Z ÔfxgiæjÕ QÙbv‡g

103


KvUz©b AuvK‡Zb| cvwK¯Ív‡bi Afz¨`‡qi ci 1948-G XvKvq P‡j Av‡mb Kvgiæj nvmvb| IB mg‡q Zuvi Avw_©K Ae¯’v I cÖ”Q`wPÎPP©vi wek` weeiY cvB Avwbmy¾vgvb I †gvnv¤§` Ave`yj KvBD‡gi eY©bvq : XvKvq G‡m cÖ_gUvq Zuvi †Kv‡bv PvKwi wQj bv| gL`ygx jvB‡eªwi I AvnmvbDjøv eyK nvD‡mi gvwjK I mvwnwZ¨K †gvnv¤§` Kv‡mg Kvgiæj fvB‡K w`‡q A‡bK Bjvm&‡Uªkb I cÖ”Q` Kwi‡q wb‡qwQ‡jb, Zv‡Z wKQy myweav n‡qwQj| ... 1949-50 mv‡j gL`ygx jvB‡eªwi QvovI c¨vivWvBm jvB‡eªwi I Iqvmx© eyK †m›Uv‡ii eB‡qi Ges wKQy wKQy Ab¨ eB‡qi cÖ”Q` Gu‡K wZwb Lye mybvg AR©b K‡ib| (Avwbmy¾vgvb, ÔKvgiæj nvmvbÕ, Avgvi †Pv‡L, XvKv : Ab¨ cÖKvk, 1999, c„ 56) gL`ygx A¨vÛ AvnmvbDjøv jvB‡eªwii gvwjK †gvnv¤§` Kv‡m‡gi cyÎ †gvnv¤§` Ave`yj KvBDg PviY K‡i‡Qb Zuvi ¯§„wZ : MÖš’-cwiKíbv QvovI MÖ‡š’i cÖ”Q` A¼‡b ev AjsKi‡Y Zuvi [wcZvi] we‡kl nvZ wQj| G e¨vcv‡i wZwb Rqbyj Av‡ew`b, Kvgiæj nvmvb Ges KjKvZvi Lv‡j` †PŠayixi kiYvcbœ n‡qwQ‡jb| Kvgiæj nvmvb wQ‡jb ZLb KjKvZv †_‡K m`¨ AvMZ Ges XvKvq PviæKjv †K›`ª ¯’vc‡b m‡Pó| †gvnv¤§` Kv‡mg Zuv‡K G Kv‡R [AjsKiY] mve©ÿwYK `vwqZ¡ cÖ`vb K‡ib| (f‚wgKv, †gvnv¤§` Kv‡mg iPbvejx, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 2016, c„ 19-20) cÂv‡ki `k‡K Kvgiæj nvmvb XvKvq ÔwfewRIiÕ bv‡g GKwU evwYwR¨K cÖwZôv‡bi m~Pbv K‡ib weRb †PŠayix I Ave`ym mey‡ii mn‡hv‡M| GB cÖwZôv‡bi bvg ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Zvm (1954) †QvUMí eB‡qi cÖ”Q`Kvi iƒ‡c DwjøwLZ e‡j wcqvm gwR` Rvwb‡q‡Qb| Aa¨vcK Avwbmy¾vgv‡bi (IB eB‡qi cÖæd ms‡kvaK I †kl cÖ”Q‡` eB‡qi cwiwPwZ-†jLK) ¯§„wZ : IB Zv‡mi cÖ”Q`wkíx wQ‡jb Ave`ym meyi| Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi AjsKiY I cÖ”Q`wPÎ iPbvi g‡bvÁ BwZe„Ë cvB Zuvi QvÎ (c‡i evsjv‡`‡ki †kÖô cÖ”Q`wkíx I Bjvm‡UªUi) KvBqyg †PŠayixi eqv‡b : †÷cm Uz Bswjk bv‡g ¯‹zj cvV¨ eB‡qi Bjvm‡Uªkb I Kfvi Avgvi †Pv‡L GL‡bv R¡jR¡j K‡i| ˆmq` Avjx

104

Avnmv‡bi †jLv bRiæj Bmjvg, ïay Zzwj‡Z K¨vwjMÖvdx, Avkivd wmwÏKx [I Ave`yi ikx` Lvb]-m¤úvw`Z bZzb KweZv [1950] msKj‡bi cÖ”Q`, Kgjv i‡Oi Zzwji Uv‡b GK †cvP is, W¨veW¨v‡e WMvq jvjdzj I Kv‡jv‡Z `ªæZ Uv‡b †jLv bZzb KweZv| Ac~e© my›`i| wKsev Kvwj-Kj‡g AuvKv gyL”Qwe, m~² jvB‡b AvovAvwo Uv‡b, A‡bKUv GwPs-Gi g‡Zv, Zv‡je gv÷vi I Ab¨vb¨ KweZv A_ev wZb bs Zzwj‡Z dzUwK dzUwK `v‡M, †mvbvjx njy` I Kvco-†avqv bx‡j b`x I gvby‡li Qwe Ñ bKkx Kuv_vi mvbvDj n‡Ki Kve¨MÖš’ b`x I gvby‡li KweZv Avwg †evanq †Kvbw`b fzj‡ev bv| (D×…Z, ˆmq` AvwRRyj nK, Kvgiæj nvmvb : Rxeb I Kg©, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 1998, c„ 76) Pwjø‡ki `k‡Ki G‡Kev‡i †Mvov †_‡K cÖ”Q`wPÎ-PP©vq c~e©vci Kvgiæj Bjvm‡Uªkb K‡i‡Qb| KjKvZv †_‡K cÖKvwkZ KvRx †gvnv¤§` B`&wim-m¤úvw`Z wgjøv‡Zi C`-msL¨vq Mí-KweZvi AjsKiY K‡iwQ‡jb Rqbyj Av‡ew`b| Z‡e Avgvi Abygvb, wk‡ivbvgwjwc Kvgiæ‡ji| IB msL¨vq Aveyj gbmyi Avng‡`i ÔgWvb© BeªvnxgÕ iPbvwUi AjsKiY K‡ib Kvgiæj| ÔcvwK¯Ívbev`xi `„wó‡Z AvZ¥wbqš¿YvwaKviÕ cÖe‡Üi wk‡ivbvg-wjwcI Zuvi| Pwjø‡ki `k‡Ki ˆ`wbK AvRv‡`i GKvwaK C` msL¨vq Zuvi AjsKiY-KvR gyw`ªZ| ˆ`wbK msev‡`i AvRv`x msL¨vi (AvM÷ 1955) cÖ”Q`cU I AjsKiY iPbv K‡ib Kvgiæj| cvwK¯Ív‡bi Afz¨`‡qi c‡i cÂv‡ki `k‡K d‡qR Avng`m¤úvw`Z wK‡kvi cwÎKv û‡jøv‡oi (cÖ_g cÖKvk 1357 e.) cÖ”Q`I Zuvi AuvKv| Avjx Bgvg-m¤úvw`Z Kvb‡b KzmygKwj‡Z (XvKv : P›`ªveZx GKv‡Wwg, 2016) GB cwÎKv MinvwRi| mi`vi R‡qbD`&`xbm¤úvw`Z wK‡kvi-cvwÿK kvnx‡bi (1955-56) cÖ”Q`Kvi Kvgiæj| GB `yB cwÎKvi m¤úv`‡Kiv wQ‡jb Zuvi NwbôRb| d‡qR Avng‡`i Zzwji mv‡_ jovB (XvKv : mvwnZ¨ cÖKvk, wØ-m, 2001) I Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi wPÎkvjvq (XvKv : mvwnZ¨ cÖKvk, wØ-m, 2002) Ges mvbvDj n‡Ki cyZzj ˆmwbK (1961) I Qov N‡i N‡ii (XvKv : ˆmq`v Av‡qkv nK, cwi‡ekK bI‡ivR wKZvwe¯Ívb, GKz‡k †deªæqvwi 1972) cÖ”Q` I A½m¾v Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi| †k‡lv³ cyw¯ÍKv gyw³hy×wfwËK †lv‡jvwU †¯‹‡P mg„×| GwU eûKvj †jvK‡jvP‡bi Avov‡j| m¤úªwZ Avwg ˆmq` †gvnv¤§` kv‡n‡`i †mŠR‡b¨ GwU †`Lvi


my‡hvM †c‡qwQ| gyw³hy× Rv`yNi wKsev †Kv‡bv †ev×v cÖKvkK GwM‡q G‡j eBwUi cybtcÖKvk m¤¢e n‡Z cv‡i| gyn¤§` gbmyiDÏx‡bi wkibxi (wØ-m, evsjv GKv‡Wwg) A½m¾vI K‡ib wZwb| KjKvZvi wØ-gvwmK g„wËKvi g‡Zv XvKv-PÆMÖv‡gi Av‡iv K‡qKwU cwÎKvi cÖ”Q`wkíx Kvgiæj nvmvb| wmKvb&`vi Avey Rvdi-m¤úvw`Z mgKv‡ji cÖ”Q` m¤ú‡K© Kvgiæj PviY K‡i‡Qb Zuvi ¯§„wZ : ÔnVvr gvS iv‡ZB nq‡Zv †Uwj‡dvb †e‡R DV‡Zv Ñ Rvdi fvB ejwQ ... Kvj mKvj `kUvi g‡a¨B mgKvj-Gi Kfvi wWRvBb PvB|Õ (ÔRvdi fvBÕ, evsjv‡`‡ki wkí Av‡›`vjb I Avgvi K_v, XvKv : cÖ_gv, 2010, c„ 199)| GLjvmDwÏb Avng`-m¤úvw`Z Uvcyi Uzcy‡ii K_v G-cÖm‡½ g‡b co‡Q| gy¯Ívdv b~iDj Bmjvg-m¤úvw`Z my›`i‡gi †iLv¼bI (1986) Kvgiæ‡ji| gxRvbyi ingv‡bi ˆÎgvwmK cwÎKvi e„ÿmsL¨vi cÖ”Q` I A½m¾vKviI wZwb| dR‡j †jvnvbxi AMZ¨vi cÖ”Q‡`i eY©wjwcI Zuvi| wZb Zuvi cÖ”Q`cU iPbvi cÖvq-†ckv`vi Rxe‡bi m~Pbv KjKvZvi wW. Gg. jvB‡eªwi (bRiæ‡ji eB‡qi cÖKvkKiƒ‡c weL¨vZ) cÖKvwkZ bvivqY M‡½vcva¨v‡qi GKwU Dcb¨v‡mi cÖ”Q`cU AuvKvi gva¨‡g (mgªvU I †kÖôx, 1944)| XvKvq G‡m wZwb Nwbô cwiwPZRb‡`i eB‡qi KvR K‡i‡Qb; Zuvi myü`-eÜzRb‡`i ZvwjKv `xN© : ˆmq` Avjx Avnmvb (evsjv GKv‡Wwgi cwiPvjK _vKvKv‡j Kvgiæj GKv‡Wwgi eû eB‡qi cÖ”Q` Gu‡K †`b), Ave`yj Mwb nvRvix, wmKvb&`vi Avey Rvdi, diiæL Avng`, KvRx AvdmviDÏxb Avng`, †gvnv¤§` Kv‡mg, dR‡j †jvnvbx, mvbvDj nK (Zuvi †ek K‡qKwU eB‡qi cÖ”Q` I A½m¾v K‡ib Kvgiæj), nvexeyi ingvb, kIKZ Imgvb, kvgmyÏxb Aveyj Kvjvg, gxRvbyi ingvb, d‡qR Avng` I gy¯Ívdv b~iDj Bmjvg, mi`vi R‡qbD`&`xb cÖgyL| DwjøwLZ NwbôRb QvovI cÖKvk‡Ki D`&‡hv‡M wZwb Gu‡`i eB‡qi cÖ”Q` iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb : AvLZviæ¾vgvb Bwjqvm, Avwbmy¾vgvb, AvjgMxi Rwjj, AvjvDwÏb Avj-AvRv`, Avkivd wmwÏKx I Ave`yi ikx` Lvb, Avng` kixd, AvkKvi Be‡b kvBL, Beªvnxg Lvb, Kexi †PŠayix, KvRx †gvZvnvi †nv‡mb, †Mvjvg †mvjvqgvb, Rmxg D`&`xb, ˆZqe DwÏb, w`jviv nv‡kg, byiæj †gv‡gb, byi †gvnv¤§` wgqv, †evinvbDwÏb Lvb Rvnv½xi, ghnviæj Bmjvg, gyn¤§` gbmyiDÏxb, †gvnv¤§` †di`vDm Lvb, †gvnv¤§` gwbiæ¾vgvb, gybxi †PŠayix, iwdKzj Bmjvg, wkecÖmbœ jvwnox, †kL

Ave`yi iwng [iPbvejx, gi‡YvËi], wmivRyÏxb Kvwmgcyix cÖgyL| †`kfv‡Mi c‡i XvKvq G‡m wZwb Gme cÖKvkbv cÖwZôv‡bi eB‡qi cÖ”Q`c‡Ui KvR K‡ib : gL`ygx A¨vÛ Avn&QvbDjøv jvB‡eªwi, c¨vivWvBm jvB‡eªwi, Iqvmx© eyK †m›Uvi, †Kvwnbyi jvB‡eªwi, †MÖU †e½j jvB‡eªwi, ZgÏyb †cÖm, bI‡ivR wKZvwe¯Ívb, c~e©evYx, RvZxq mvwnZ¨ cÖKvkbx, mvwnZ¨ cÖKvk, gy³aviv, gvIjv eªv`vm©, BDwbfvwm©wU †cÖm wjwg‡UW, gyw³hy× †PZbv weKvk †K›`ª| 1961 †_‡K 1970 Ñ GB `k‡K evsjv GKv‡Wwgi AšÍZ ewÎkwU eB‡qi cÖ”Q` ˆZwi K‡ib wZwb (†`Lyb, kvwn`v LvZzbmsKwjZ, evsjv GKv‡Wwg MÖš’cwÄ, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 1997)| GKwU K_v GLv‡b ejv †h‡Z cv‡i, diiæL Avng‡`i mvZ mvM‡ii gvwSi (KjKvZv : Kg‡iW cvewjkvm©, 1944) cÖ_g ms¯‹i‡Yi cÖ”Q`wkíx Rqbyj Av‡ew`b| (†`Lyb, Avnmvb nvexe, ÔcuwPk eQi c‡iÕ, Avnmvb nvexe iPbvejx 1g LÐ, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 1995)| wkíx-M‡elK gvgyb Kvqmvi Zuvi evsjv eB‡qi cÖ”Q` (XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 2007, c„ 32) MÖ‡š’ mvZ mvM‡ii gvwSi cÖ”Q`wPÎ cÖKvk K‡i Rvbv‡”Qb : Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi Av‡iKwU D‡jøL‡hvM¨ cÖ”Q` Kwe diiæL Avng‡`i mvZ mvM‡ii gvwS| GB cÖ”Q`‡kvwfZ ZgÏyb †cÖm †_‡K cÖKvwkZ (XvKv 1952) †h-eBwU Avgvi msMÖ‡n Av‡Q, Zv‡Z wcÖ›Uvm© jvB‡b cÖ”Q`wkíxi bvg †bB| cÖ_g ms¯‹i‡Yi Rqby‡ji AuvKv cÖ”Q`wU jyß n‡q †Mj, Avk¼v Kwi| Av‡iKwU Z_¨ : mi`vi R‡qbD`&`x‡bi RxebxKvi Avng` Kwei Avgv‡K Rvwb‡q‡Qb, bqvb Xzjx MíMÖ‡š’i cÖ”Q` Rqbyj Av‡ew`b I Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi †hŠ_ iPbv| Avgv‡`i AvenvIqvq Ges MÖš’vMvi¸wji Ae¯’vq eB‡qi gjvUwPÎ `xN©w`b AÿZ _v‡K bv| bZzb euvavBKv‡j †Rj`MiMY g~j cÖ”Q` eR©b K‡ib| PÆMÖvg wek¦we`¨vjq I evsjv GKv‡Wwg MÖš’vMv‡i msiwÿZ †hme eB Avgiv †`‡LwQ †mm‡ei †ewki fv‡MiB cÖ”Q` jyß| GB Rwi‡c DwjøwLZ cÖ”Q`wP‡Îi Z_¨, cÖwZwjwc A_ev g~j eB w`‡q‡Qb ˆmq` †gvnv¤§` kv‡n`, gwd`yj nK, Ruv-†bmvi Imgvb, ew`DÏxb bvwRi, Avn‡g` gvngy`yj nK, gvneyeyj nK, wcqvm gwR`, ˆmq` AvwRRyj nK, Bd‡ZLvi Avn‡g` Lvb, Aa¨vcK Avwbmy¾vgvb, Bd‡ZLviæj Bmjvg Ges wjUj g¨vMvwRb

105


jvB‡eªwi I M‡elYv †K›`ª, PÆMÖvg| Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi cÖ”Q`wP‡Îi (Am¤ú~Y©) LwZqvb 1941 wØgvwmK g„wËKv Ñ KvRx AvdmviDÏxb Avng`-m¤úvw`Z 1944 mgªvU I †kÖôx Ñ bvivqY M‡½vcva¨vq, wW.Gg. jvB‡eªwi Zviv `yB Rb Ñ kIKZ Imgvb, †MÖU †e½j jvB‡eªwi 1945 bZzb Puv` Ñ KvRx bRiæj Bmjvg, †gvnv¤§`x eyK G‡RÝx 1948 c_ Rvbv bvB Ñ kvgmyÏxb Aveyj Kvjvg 1949 AMZ¨v Ñ m. dR‡j †jvnvbx 1950 Zv‡je gv÷vi I Ab¨vb¨ KweZv Ñ Avkivd wmwÏKx bqv RvgvZ (4 fvM) Ñ diiæL Avng`, gL`ygx A¨vÛ AvnmvbDjøvn jvB‡eªwi `v½vi cuvPwU Mí Ñ m. gy¯Ívdv b~iDj Bmjvg I AvjvDwÏb Avj AvRv`, cÖKvkK nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb 1951 Kwe cvMjv KvbvB Ñ ghnviæj Bmjvg û‡jøvo (wK‡kvi cwÎKv) Ñ m. d‡qR Avng` hvwÎK Ñ m. Avjxg †PŠayix I Avng` Kexi 1952 bKkv Ñ ˆZqeDÏxb, †gŠmygx cvewjkvm© bqvb Xzjx Ñ mi`vi R‡qbD`&`xb, c¨vivWvBm jvB‡eªwi (Rqbyj Av‡ew`‡bi mn‡hv‡M) eM`v‡`i Kwe Ñ kIKZ Imgvb, †Kvwnbyi jvB‡eªwi, PÆMÖvg bZzb KweZv Ñ m. Avkivd wmwÏKx I Ave`yi ikx` Lvb AwMœdmj Ñ byiæb bvnvi 1953 AvMvgxev‡i mgvc¨ Ñ †gvnv¤§` Kv‡mg, gL`ygx A¨vÛ AvnmvbDjøv jvB‡eªwi iƒc”Q›`v Ñ kvnv`vr †nv‡mb, gL`ygx A¨vÛ Avn&QvbDjøv jvB‡eªwi mvZ mvM‡ii gvwS (2q ms¯‹iY) Ñ diiæL Avng`, ZgÏyb †cÖm 1954 g„Mbvfx Ñ AvjvDwÏb Avj-AvRv` kvnxb Ñ m. mi`vi R‡qbD`&`xb 1955

106

exiKÉxi we‡q Ñ mi`vi R‡qbD`&`xb, †Kvwnbyi jvB‡eªwi, (A½m¾vm‡gZ) XvKv bRiæj Bmjvg Ñ ˆmq` Avjx Avnmvb, gL`ygx A¨vÛ AvnmvbDjøv jvB‡eªwi (A½m¾vm‡gZ) OUR HERITAGE Ñ ˆmq` Avjx Avnmvb, gL`ygx A¨vÛ AvnmvbDjøv jvB‡eªwi kvnxb (wkï‡Zvl cwÎKv) Ñ m. : mi`vi R‡qbD`&`xb, †Kv-Acv‡iwUf eyK †mvmvBwU msev` (AvRv`x msL¨v) Ñ ˆmq` byiæÏxb I knx` mv‡ei-m¤úvw`Z welKb¨v Ñ Avkivd wmwÏKx 1956 b`x I gvby‡li KweZv Ñ mvbvDj nK, Iqvmx© eyK †m›Uvi w`kvix Ñ Zvwjg †nv‡mb 1959 mvgvb¨ ab Ñ Ave`yj Mwb nvRvix 1960 hvÎv ïiæ Ñ mvjvnDÏxb 1961 SzbSzwb Ñ evsjv GKv‡Wwg-msKwjZ I cÖKvwkZ cyZzj ˆmwbK Ñ mvbvDj nK (A½m¾vmn), †MÖU †e½j wm‡jUx fvlvZ‡Ë¡i f‚wgKv Ñ wkecÖmbœ jvwnox, evsjv GKv‡Wwg knx` wZZzgxi Ñ gyqxbDÏxb Lvbm¤úvw`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg mgKvj (ˆekvL 1367 I Ab¨vb¨ msL¨v) Ñ m. : wmKvb&`vi Avey Rvdi 1962 i³v³ cÖvšÍi Ñ gybxi †PŠayix, evsjv GKv‡Wwg Ri_y¯¿ ej‡jb Ñ gnxDÏxb-Ab~w`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg mgvR-ms¯’v Ñ b~i †gvnv¤§` wgqvAb~w`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg DcvË Ñ nvexeyi ingvb, ÷z‡W›UI‡qR m¤¢ev Abb¨v Ñ mvbvDj nK, c~e©evYx bqv Lv›`vb Ñ byiæj †gv‡gb, evsjv GKv‡Wwg gy‡S GQ‡ZivQ n¨vq (D`y©) Ñ gvneyeDj Avjg, evsjv GKv‡Wwg i³cÙ Ñ AvkKvi Be‡b kvBL, evsjv GKv‡Wwg †jvKmvwn‡Z¨ Qov Ñ wmivRDÏxb Kvwmgcyix, evsjv GKv‡Wwg 1963 AvaywbK M`¨ msMÖn Ñ evsjv GKv‡Wwg ga¨hy‡Mi Kve¨msMÖn Ñ Avng` kixd-m¤úvw`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg


BQjvg †mvcvb Ñ Beªvnxg Lvb I AvnmvbDjøvn-msKwjZ, evsjv GKv‡Wwg wgwÆ Kv msmvi (D`y©) Ñ Aveyj dRj, evsjv GKv‡Wwg †jvKmvwnZ¨ msKjb (1) Ñ evsjv GKv‡Wwg mgªvU Rvnv½x‡ii AvZ¥Rxebx Ñ †evinvbDwÏb Lvb Rvnv½xi -Ab~w`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg 1964 wWMevRx Ñ kIKZ Imgvb, G we cvewj‡KkÝ AvaywbK Kve¨ msMÖn Ñ evsjv GKv‡Wwg nvivgwY (7g LÐ) Ñ gyn¤§` gbmyiDÏxb, evsjv GKv‡Wwg ivRkvnxi Qov Ñ AvjgMxi Rwjjm¤úvw`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg Avie RvwZi BwZnvm Ñ ˆmq` Avgxi Avjx, evsjv GKv‡Wwg 1965 †kL Ave`yi iwng MÖš’vejx (1g) Ñ Avwbmy¾vgv‡bi f‚wgKv-msewjZ, evsjv GKv‡Wwg †kL Ave`yi iwng MÖš’vejx (2q) Ñ ggZvRyi ingvb Zid`vi I Avwbmy¾vgv‡bi f‚wgKv-msewjZ, evsjv GKv‡Wwg evDj Mvb I `yÏy kvn Ñ †evinvbDwÏb Lvb Rvnv½xi, evsjv GKv‡Wwg 1966 njy` eiYx Ñ Rmxg D`&`xb, cjvk cÖKvkbx iæevBqvZ (Igi ˆLqvg) Ñ wmKvb&`vi Avey Rvdi-Ab~w`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg eB (RvZxq MÖš’‡K‡›`ªi gyLcÎ) Ñ m. mi`vi R‡qbD`&`xb 1970 †kL nexeyi ingvb iPbvejx Ñ Avwbmy¾vgv‡bi f‚wgKv, evsjv GKv‡Wwg MwYZ kv‡¯¿i BwZnvm Ñ KvRx †gvZvnvi †nv‡mb, evsjv GKv‡Wwg A History of Folklore Collection in India and Pakistan Ñ ghnviæj Bmjvg, evsjv GKv‡Wwg 1971 evsjv‡`k K_v Kq Ñ Ave`yj Mvd&dvi †PŠayix-m¤úvw`Z, gy³aviv, KjKvZv 1972 Qov N‡i N‡i Ñ mvbvDj nK, bI‡ivR wKZvwe¯Ívb (A½m¾vm‡gZ) 1973 AvaywbK KweZv Ñ iwdKzj Bmjvgm¤úvw`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg Selected Poems : Nazrul Islam Ñ Kexi †PŠayixAb~w`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg mv‡is eD (Z…Zxq ms¯‹iY) Ñ knx`yjøv Kvqmvi

1974 h‡kv‡ii †jvK-Kvwnbx Ñ †gvnv¤§` gwbiæ¾vgvb-m¤úvw`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg 1978 AvgjKxi †gŠ Ñ w`jviv nv‡kg, BDwcGj 1979 Avgvi h‡Zv Mvb Ñ †Re-Db-†bmv Rvgvj 1980 evsjv‡`‡ki †jvK auvav Ñ AvjgMxi Rwjj I mvgxq~j Bmjvg-msKwjZ, evsjv GKv‡Wwg 1981 cÖev‡m hLb Ñ mvbvDj nK, RvZxq mvwnZ¨ cÖKvkbx Zzwji mv‡_ jovB Ñ d‡qR Avng`, gy³aviv wkibx Ñ gyn¤§` gbmyiDÏxb, evsjv GKv‡Wwg (A½m¾vm‡gZ) 1982 †Luvqvwi Ñ AvLZviæ¾vgvb Bwjqvm, Zb¥q cÖKvkbx, ivRkvnx †ej‰Zj MÖv‡gi Rwigb Ñ W. gynv¤§` BDb~m 1985 `y‡afv‡Z DrcvZ Ñ AvLZviæ¾vgvb Bwjqvm, gvIjv eªv`vm© Kvgiæj nvmv‡bi wPÎkvjvq Ñ d‡qR Avng`, gy³aviv 1986 my›`ig (bvgwjwc) Ñ gy¯Ívdv b~iDj Bmjvg-m¤úvw`Z GKvj Ñ m. b~iRvnvb gyiwk` 1987 GKvˇii NvZK `vjv‡jiv †K †Kv_vq Ñ gyw³hy× †PZbv weKvk †K›`ª

mnvqK MÖš’cwÄ

1. Kvgiæj nvmvb, evsjv‡`‡ki wkí Av‡›`vjb I Avgvi K_v, XvKv : cÖ_gv cÖKvkb, 2010| 2. ˆmq` AvwRRyj nK, Kvgiæj nvmvb/ Rxeb I Kg©, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 1998| 3. gvgyb Kvqmvi, evsjv eB‡qi cÖ”Q`, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 2007| 4. kvwn`v LvZzb-msKwjZ I m¤úvw`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg MÖšc ’ wÄ, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 1997| 5. evsjv‡`‡ki †jLK cwiwPwZ, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 1984| 6. AvkdvK-Dj-Avjg I Ab¨vb¨ m¤úvw`Z, evsjv GKv‡Wwg †jLK Awfavb, XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 1998| 7. mvbvDj nK iPbvejx (cÖ_g LÐ), XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wwg, 1998| r

107


wP Î K jv

GKvˇii DËvc wb‡q ex‡ib †mv‡gi wPÎKjv

gy

Rvwn` gy¯Ívdv

w³hy× Zuvi mvivRxe‡bi †MŠie| e½eÜzi Wv‡K †mB †MŠie‡K wZwb ¯úk© K‡iwQ‡jb| hy× Rq K‡i gy³ K‡i‡Qb Rb¥f‚wg evsjv‡`k‡K| wkíx ex‡ib †mvg Zuvi Rxe‡bi GB cÖavb wZbwU welq‡K fv‡jv‡e‡m Qwe Gu‡K‡Qb ARmª| †mme Kv‡Ri KZK wbe©vwPZ wPÎKg© wb‡q Ôgyw³hy× e½eÜz evsjv‡`kÕ wk‡ivbv‡g cÖ`k©bx Ki‡jb XvKvi M¨vjvwi wP·K| MZ kZ‡Ki lv‡Ui `k‡Ki ga¨fv‡M XvKvi Pviæ I KviæKjv gnvwe`¨vj‡q fwZ© n‡qwQ‡jb wkíx ex‡ib †mvg| lv‡Ui †mB DËvj mg‡q XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Qv·`i GMv‡iv `dv Av‡›`vjb I †`‡ki gvby‡li AwaKvi Av`v‡qi Rb¨ e½eÜz-†NvwlZ Qq `dvi msMÖv‡g hy³ n‡q‡Qb| Av‡›`vj‡bi mg_©‡b †`qv‡j †`qv‡j †møvMvb wj‡L‡Qb, Qwe Gu‡K‡Qb, wj‡L‡Qb AmsL¨ †cv÷vi I e¨vbvi| †mB DËvj EbmˇiB PviæKjvi mœvZK n‡jI QvÎ-MYAv‡›`vj‡b wZwb mwµq wQ‡jb| 1971 mv‡j gyw³hy‡× AskMÖnY Zuvi Rxe‡bi †kÖô AR©b| evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZvi Rb¨ †mB gyw³hy×, ¯^vaxbZvi iƒcKvi RvwZi wcZv e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingvb Ges evsjvi wbmM©, ms¯‹…wZ I Rxeb‡eva wb‡q wkíx ARmª †¯‹P

108


K‡i‡Qb, †KvjvR K‡i‡Qb, †QvU-eo Qwe Gu‡K‡Qb| †mB wPθ‡jvi wbe©vwPZ Ask wb‡q ev‡iv w`be¨vcx GB cÖ`k©bx n‡q †Mj MZ 15 b‡f¤^i ïµevi †_‡K 26 b‡f¤^i g½jevi ch©šÍ| cÖm½µ‡g g‡b coj, 1979 mv‡j PviæKjvi Rqbyj M¨vjvwi‡Z wkíx ex‡ib †mv‡gi cÖ_g GKK wPÎcÖ`k©bx Av‡qvR‡bi PwjøkZg e‡l© GwU Zuvi GMv‡ivZg GKK wPÎcÖ`k©bx| ex‡ib †mvg wk‡íi bvbv kvLvq AbeiZ wb‡Ri m„Rb K‡i P‡j‡Qb weMZ Aa©kZK a‡i| cÎcwÎKvq Bjv‡÷ªkb K‡i‡Qb, eB‡qi cÖ”Q` Gu‡K‡Qb, we¯Íi Qwe Gu‡K‡Qb| Kvwj-Kj‡g †iLvwPÎ, †¯‹P, Rji‡O wZwb wm×n¯Í| wewfbœ mg‡q AuvKv †mm‡ei KZK GB cÖ`k©bx‡Z RvqMv K‡i wb‡q‡Q| Gi g‡a¨ me‡P‡q D‡jøL‡hvM¨ 1971 mv‡j evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy×Kv‡j KjKvZv I w`wjø‡Z AbywôZ evsjv‡`‡ki wPÎwkíx‡`i wPÎcÖ`k©bx‡Z ¯’vb cvIqv †m-mg‡qi ZiæY wPÎKi ex‡ib †mv‡gi AuvKv wPÎKg©| Gi PviwU wPÎKg© wZwb h‡ÿi a‡bi g‡Zv AvM‡j †i‡L‡Qb| mgqUvi DòZv Avgiv Dcjwä Ki‡Z cvwi Zuvi Gme HwZnvwmK wPÎKg© cÖZ¨ÿ K‡i| Ô¯^vaxbZv hy×Õ wk‡ivbv‡g K¨vbfv‡m A¨vwµwjK i‡O AuvKv `ywU wPÎK‡g©i cÖ_gwU‡Z ÿgZv g`gË GK †Nvov nvg‡j c‡o‡Q kvwšÍwcÖq mvaviY gvby‡li Ici| GB KvRwU †¯ú‡bi M„nhy‡×i cUf‚wgKvq cve‡jv wcKv‡mv-Aw¼Z †Mv‡qwb©Kvi K_v g‡b Kwi‡q †`q| Ab¨wU‡Z †Zveov‡bv Aeq‡ei elx©qvb GK g~wZ© Puv‡`i

g‡Zv Av‡jvwKZ Aeq‡ei m‡½ wbôzi AvPiY Ki‡Q| `ywU NUbvB `ye©‡ji cÖwZ me‡ji wbg©gZv‡K g‡b Kwi‡q †`q| e½eÜz evOvwj‡K AwaKvi Av`v‡qi Rb¨ ¯^vaxbZv I gyw³i c_ †`wL‡q‡Qb| Zuvi †cÖiYvq msNwUZ gyw³hy× ex‡ib †mvg‡K wkwL‡q‡Q †`k‡cÖg Kx! †mB †cÖg I †cÖiYv‡K ey‡K aviY K‡i wZwb Qwe AuvK‡Qb Pvi hyM a‡i| GgbwK evsjvi wbmM©‡K fv‡jv‡e‡m wZwb Gi iƒc-im-is-†iLv-AvKvk-w`MšÍ-RjKv`vgvwUgvLv iƒc Zz‡j a‡ib Abyev`‡Ki g‡Zv wek¦¯ÍZvq bZzev ˆbe©¨w³K iƒcv‡iv‡ci fvebvq| cÖ`k©bx‡Z Giƒc wbmM©‡Kw›`ªK †ek wKQz wPÎ `k©K‡`i †PvL‡K Avivg w`‡q‡Q| G¸‡jvi wk‡ivbvg w`‡q‡Qb Ñ ÔgvZ…f‚wgÕ| wbR f‚wgi cÖwZ wkíxi fv‡jvevmv wew¤^Z n‡q‡Q G‡Z| G¸‡jv cÖavbZ ˆbe©¨w³K| Z‡e Avgv‡`i cÖK…wZ‡Z, Avkcv‡kB Ggb B‡gR¸‡jv Qwo‡q Av‡Q| wkíx †m¸‡jv‡K web¨¯Í K‡i wPÎc‡U Zz‡j G‡b‡Qb| ex‡ib †mvg wkíxRxe‡bi ïiæ †_‡K eûw`b Avgv‡`i †jvKwk‡íi A¼b‰ewkó¨‡K AvaywbK Avw½‡K Zuvi wPÎc‡U Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb| †hgb Ñ cvwL nv‡Z wb‡q ZiæYxi A‡c¶v, GKZviv nv‡Z evDj Ñ Ggb ai‡bi KvR¸‡jv Avgv‡`i GL‡bv †Pv‡L †j‡M Av‡Q| wkíx Kvgiæj nvmvb‡K mvg‡b †i‡L Zuvi GB m„Rb hLb ¯^KxqZvq c~Y©Zv cv‡”Q, ZLb †mB A¼bagx© wPΉkjx †_‡K m‡i wZwb w¯’Z n‡q‡Qb weg~Z© cÖKvkev`x wPÎixwZ‡Z| r

109


wP Î K jv

bMi cwiKíbvwe‡`i fvebvq bvivqYM‡Äi gvngy`bMi gvV

†e½j wkívj‡q †e½j Bbw÷wUD‡Ui cÖ`k©bx

bMibvgv

†gvevwk¦i Avjg gRyg`vi ... cvnvo Avgv‡K Wv‡K, †_‡g _v‡K Abo APj, Avwg Zvi eyK Lyu‡o Lyu‡R wdwi Sibvi Rj| Ñ ¯^v‡_© I k‡Z©, Kv‡Pi Pzwo evwji cvnvo,

b

Ñ Rvdi Avng` iv‡k`

MivqY gvbemf¨Zvi kw³kvjx cÖwµqv| Avgv‡`i kni †Kgb nIqv `iKvi? G-wel‡q Kg‡ewk mevB GK my›`i wPÎKí wb‡q bvMwiK Rxeb hvcb K‡ib| bvbvb gva¨‡gi Dc¯’vcbvq AvMvgxi bM‡ii iƒcfvebv cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb GK`j M‡elK| Avgv‡`i bMi¸‡jv we¯Í…Z n‡”Q| µ‡g `L‡j hv‡”Q Rjvf‚wg, b`x, b`xcÖevn| Ggb cÖK…wZcxo‡bi wec‡ÿ m‡PZb knievmx Kx fv‡eb| †Kgb K‡i G-mf¨bMix M‡o †Zvjv hvq| G¸‡jv wb‡q ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q bvbvgvwÎK `„k¨cU| †e½j Bbw÷wUD‡Ui M‡elYvK‡g©i g‡a¨ ¸iæZ¡ †c‡q‡Q Ñ fwel¨‡Zi fvebvq bZzb iƒcKí iPbv Kiv| †m-cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z M‡elYvjä Ávb, Z_¨ I cwiKíbv, cÖZ¨vkv mevi mvg‡b Dc¯’vcb Kiv| ÔbMibvgvÕ cÖ`k©bxi g~j †møvMvb Ñ emev‡mi fwel¨r| cÖ`k©bx‡Z Dc¯’vwcZ wel‡qi g‡a¨ †`Lv hvq eZ©gv‡bi bMi Avi fwel¨‡Zi bMi ¯’vc‡Z¨i Zzjbvg~jK wPšÍvi cÖKvk| bMi-we‡klÁ Aa¨vcK bRiæj Bmjv‡gi fvebvq Ñ ÔbMivqY n‡jv bMixq nIqvi cÖwµqv| wKQyUv we¯Ív‡i ejv hvq, bMivqY n‡”Q GKwU AÂj ev †`‡ki RbmsL¨vi Zzjbvq bMievmx RbmsL¨vi AvbycvwZK nvi

110


evo‡Z _vK‡e Ges GKch©v‡q †MvUv AÂj ev †`kB m¤ú~Y©fv‡e bMivwqZ mgv‡R iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡q hv‡e|Õ Ggb n‡Z _vK‡j Avgv‡`i bZzb K‡i bMi wb‡q fve‡Z nq| bZzb fvebv Dc¯’vcb Kivi Rb¨ †e½j Bbw÷wUDU `xN©mgq evsjv‡`‡ki wewfbœ AÂj I kni wb‡q ¸iæ‡Z¡i m‡½ M‡elYv K‡i‡Q, wefvMxq kn‡ii D‡jøL‡hvM¨ †Pbv ¯’vb wb‡q cwiKíbv I bKkv cÖYqb K‡i| Db¥y³ Rjvf‚wg, K…wlf‚wg, b`x-bvjv, Lvj-wej G¸‡jv Avgv‡`i k¦vm-cÖk¦vm †bIqvi Rb¨ Riæwi| AvaywbK bMi M‡o †Zvjv hvq Gme aŸsm bv K‡iB| evsjv‡`‡ki De©i dmwj Rwg, Rjv-nvIi, b`x, Lvj gvbyl‡K cywó †`q| Dbœqb I bMi Movi AcwiKwíZ AvKv•ÿv gvbweK Rbc` M‡o Zzj‡Z cv‡i bv| evsjv‡`‡ki D‡jøL‡hvM¨ kni M‡o D‡V‡Q b`x‡K wN‡i| d‡j Dbœq‡bi AcwiKwíZ AvMÖvmb †mme Rjvf‚wg, b`x‡K MÖvm Ki‡Q| †e½‡ji M‡elYv ej‡Q Ñ ÔbMibvgvi c~e©kZ© nIqv DwPZ RjR cwiKíbv| cvwb I cvwbi cÖevn Qvov evsjv‡`‡ki Rxeb-hvcb Am¤¢e| cÖMwZ, cÖK…wZ I Rjevqy cwieZ©‡bi g‡a¨ fvimvg¨ iÿvi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRb GB wZ‡bi bZzb †gvnbv, Rxeb aviY I emev‡mi bZzbZi wPšÍvfvebv I iƒcKíbv|Õ kni mevi Rb¨ Ñ G-K_v m‡Z¨ cwiYZ K‡i kni‡K mvRv‡Z n‡j `iKvi cÖK…wZevÜe ¯’vcbv| meyRvq‡bi m‡½ †hvM Ki‡Z n‡e Rjvkq, b`x, Lvj| Kswµ‡Ui wewìs †hgb kni Mo‡Z cÖ‡qvRb, †Zgwb cÖ‡qvRb cwiKwíZ meyR, Rj-R½j| †e½‡ji bvbvgyLx M‡elYvi cÖKvk G-cÖ`k©bx‡Z Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡q‡Q|

†e½j Bbw÷wUD‡Ui G-Av‡qvRb †_‡K Avgiv cwiKíbvgvwdK we¯Í…Z ¯’vc‡Z¨i bv›`wbK wPšÍv Lyu‡R cvB| cÖ`k©bx‡Z ivLv bMi cwiKíbvi bKkv¸‡jv‡Z evievi †`Lv †M‡Q Db¥y³ †Ljvi gvV, meyRvqb, cwiKwíZ bvMwiK myweavi `„k¨vqb| XvKvi bvMwiK myweav Qwo‡q †h‡Z †`Lv hvq cvk¦©eZx© kni bvivqYMÄ, gvwbKM‡Äi w`‡K| †mme kni‡K cwiKíbv Kiv n‡q‡Q †m-A‡ji Lvj A_ev b`x‡K wN‡i| †`Lv hvq, bvivqYM‡Äi GKwU Lvj my›`i bKkvi gva¨‡g kn‡ii cÖvY¯ú›`b wn‡m‡e we‡ePbvq G‡m‡Q| bMi cwiKíbvwe` M‡elK Aa¨vcK bRiæj Bmjv‡gi fwel¨r evsjv‡`‡ki bMie¨e¯’v m¤ú‡K© gZ n‡jv Ñ ÔGLb PÆMÖvg, Lyjbv, ivRkvnx, wm‡jU †g‡UªvcwjUb kni n‡q †M‡Q| ... fwel¨‡Z Avgiv †`L‡Z cve, 64wU †Rjv kni, hw`I Gi A‡bK¸‡jv GL‡bv †ek †QvU, 2050 mvj bvMv` GB †Rjv kni¸‡jv gvSvwi ev eo kn‡i iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡e| cvkvcvwk Dc‡Rjv kni¸‡jv Av‡iv eo n‡e| BDwbqb †K›`ª¸‡jv µgk kn‡i iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡e|Õ G-M‡elYvi evZ©v Rvbvb †`q, Avgiv cy‡iv evsjv‡`k‡KB GK mgq bMi wn‡m‡e †`L‡Z cve| †cÖÿvcU we‡ePbvq †i‡L GLbB fwel¨r knivqY ev bMivq‡Yi aib wb‡q Av‡qvwRZ G-cÖ`k©bx Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q GK bZzb bMibvgv wn‡m‡e ¯’vb K‡i †b‡e| †e½j wkívj‡qi Kvgiæj nvmvb wPÎkvjvq MZ 2 b‡f¤^i ïiæ nIqv G-cÖ`k©bx †kl nq 15 wW‡m¤^i| r

I‡qUj¨vÛ nvDwRs-2

111


wP Î K jv

Kjv‡K‡›`ª Avwd«`v ZvbwRg gvwni cÖ`k©bx

weg~Z© cwiÎvY emšÍ ivq †PŠayix

PwjZ cÖ_vi evB‡i hvwcZ Rxe‡bi Møvwb‡eva, hš¿Yvq †KuuvKov‡bv m„ó Abyf‚wZ †_‡K M‡o D‡V‡Q gvwni wk‡íi Aeqe| GB `ywbqvi Av‡jv-evZv‡m Lye †ewkw`b †f‡m †eovbwb Avwd«`v ZvbwRg gvwn (1997-2019)| gvÎ 22 eQi eq‡m wZwb c„w_ex †Q‡o hvb| wZb‡kvi wKQy †ewk Qwe Gu‡KwQ‡jb gvwn| eo n‡Z n‡Z GKUz GKUz K‡i gvwn eyS‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb wk‡íi mviK_v| Zuvi KvR Avgv‡`i Rvbvb †`q, Rxe‡bi gv‡b g„Zz¨iI gv‡b| wkíKjv cÖ`k©bkvjv Kjv‡K›`ª gvwni Rb¥eQi‡K ¯§iY †i‡L G-Av‡qvRb K‡i‡Q| cÖ`wk©Z 60wU KvR †_‡K wkíxi e¨w³MZ Rxeb‡eva, AšÍM©Z †e`bvi AvKzwZ, AvZ©wPrKv‡i Kuvcywb aiv mg‡qi WvK †kvbv hvq| wkíx IqvwKjyi ingv‡bi wKD‡iwUs‡q G-cÖ`k©bx mvRv‡bv n‡q‡Q| cÖ`k©bxi wk‡ivbvg Ô†mjd wWwcKkvbÕ ev wb‡Ri AuvKv AvZ¥cÖwZK…wZ| Avwd«`v ZvbwRg gvwni cÖwZK…wZwP‡Î MZvbyMwZK avivi Aej¤^b †bB| gy‡Li Av`‡j †bB ev¯ÍevbyM

112


cÖwZdjb| GKm‡½ gyL I gy‡Lvk `yB-B mvg‡b G‡b‡Qb| cÖvwZôvwbK cÖ_vMZ wkíwkÿv bv _vK‡jI Zuvi KvR Avgv‡`i cwicK¡Zvi †LuvR †`q| wkí wn‡m‡e KZUv DrK…ó †m-Av‡jvPbvq bv wM‡q Zuvi Kv‡Ri gv‡S †h Rxeb‡eva, mgq, cvwicvwk¦©KZvi b›`bnxb Djøvm cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q †mwU fveevi Av‡Q Avgv‡`i| †ek wKQy gyLveqe R¨vwgwZK AvKv‡ii| †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †ÿ‡Î gy‡Li Pvnwb‡Z ˆØZZv i‡q‡Q| †Pv‡Li gv‡S hy³ n‡q‡Q Av‡iK †PvL| †Pv‡Li we‡fvi Pvnwb‡Z AvKw¯§KZv, GK ai‡bi weåg †`Lv †`q| gvwn gvbegy‡Li Af¨šÍixY iƒc we‡klfv‡e †`Lv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| d‡j Zuvi KvR Avgv‡`i GKUv wew”QbœZvi Bw½Z †`q|

gvwni wkíKg© bvbvwea DcKiY w`‡q Mov| hvi d‡j GK Kv‡Ri †P‡q Ab¨ Kv‡R wfbœZv M‡o D‡V‡Q| gvwni KvR cÖm‡½ wkíx IqvwKjyi ingv‡bi gZ Ggb, Ôgvwn wb‡R‡KB Ae‡R± wn‡m‡e MÖnY K‡i‡Qb Ges Qwe Gu‡K Zv wdwi‡q w`‡q‡Qb| AvcmKvwgZv, HwZn¨MZ ci¤úivq Av”Qvw`Z mvgvwRK AvPvi, wek¦vm‡K Gwo‡q, †Zvqv°v bv K‡i, A½xKvi K‡i mivmwi cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| mvnm Zuvi Aej¤^b Ges Qwe Gu‡K cÖKvkB Zuvi Nwbô gva¨g|Õ G-cÖ`k©bxi gyLveqe¸‡jv‡Z GKiKg my›`i bvKP K‡i †`Iqvi cÖeYZv †`Lv hvq| is wbe©vP‡b a~mi, Kv‡jv, ev`vwg e‡Y©i Dcw¯’wZ Qwei Rwg‡b †kvKMÖ¯ÍZv ˆZwi K‡i‡Q| wkíKjvi A¨vKv‡WwgK bv›`wbK iƒc wb‡q we‡kl fvebv gvwni Kv‡R †bB| Zuvi KvR cÖ_vMZ mvgvwRK AvPvi¸‡jvi Qvc ¯úó K‡i †`Lvq bv| cÖ_vMZ wkícvV bq, e¨w³ mgvR Avi Z_vKw_Z ci¤úivq Av”Qvw`Z mvgvwRK †gvoK D‡b¥vPb K‡iB cÖKvk K‡ib Qwe‡Z| gvwn Zuvi wb‡Ri K_vq Qwe AuvKv m¤ú‡K© e‡jb, ÔhLb mg¯Í AvZ¥cÖwZK…wZ AuvKv †kl, ZLb Avwg bZzb GK wb‡R‡K wbg©vY Kwi|Õ Gfv‡eB Avwd«`v ZvbwRg gvwn wb‡R‡K †f‡O Avevi M‡ob| i‡Oi †Ljvq gË †_‡K wb‡R‡K AvZ¥vûwZ †`b| mvnm Avi i‡Oi m‡½ mL¨ Ñ `yB‡q wg‡j M‡o D‡V‡Q K¨vbfvm| MZ 21 A‡±vei ivRavbxi Kjv‡K‡›`ª ïiæ n‡q G-cÖ`k©bx †kl nq 12 b‡f¤^i| r

113


avivevwnK Dcb¨vm

A¨v‡gwjqv wZ‡jvËgv gRyg`vi \ 16 \

†R

‡iwgm : nvB †gvwj! Pv Lv‡e? Bqvmwgb Pv evbv‡e ej‡Q| Bqvmwgb : nu¨v nu¨v| Avgvi nv‡Zi Pv mevB fv‡jvev‡m| †Zvgvi †Kgb Pv †gvwj? †gvwj : Avwg †Zv wjKvi LvB| †bv myMvi| †R‡iwgm : e‡mv †gvwj| †gvwj : A¨vKwW©qvbUv ... Bqvmwgb : [†gvwji K_vi gv‡S] †R‡iwgm, †Zvgvi cvk †div gy‡Li Qwe `viæY n‡e| †R‡iwgm : ab¨ev` Bqvmwgb| †gvwj Kx ejQ? †gvwj : A¨vKwW©qvbUv ... Bqvmwgb : [K_vi gv‡S] †Zvgvi GKUv d‡U‡mkb Kie †R‡iwgm| AvcwË †bB †Zv? †R‡iwgm : Aek¨B Av‡Q| K¨v‡givi mvg‡b Avgvi wb‡R‡K nvev‡Mvev g‡b nq| †gvwj, e‡jv| †gvwj : ... GUv m‡½ ... Bqvmwgb : Zzwg †h ivbœv K‡iv †R‡iwgm, GUv †Zvgvi cyiæ‡lvwPZ cÖKw… Zi m‡½ GK`g gvbvq bv|

114

†R‡iwgm : `ytwLZ, †Zvgvi K_v eySjvg bv Bqvmwgb| †gvwj, Kx ejQ? GUv m‡½ G‡bwQ wKbv! bv| GUv AvRB fvov Kijvg| wZb gv‡mi Rb¨| †gvwj : GiKg fvov ... Bqvmwgb : [K_vi gv‡S] †Q‡jiv ûKzg Ki‡e, †g‡qiv fv‡jvg›` †iu‡a LvIqv‡e| Avwg †hgb Pv KiwQ †Zvgvi Rb¨| †R‡iwgm : AvwgI †Zvgvi Rb¨ Pv Ki‡Z cvwi| Bqvmwgb : Avb‡›` AvZ¥nviv n‡q hve †R‡iwgm| †R‡iwgm : ayr! Avgv‡`i †`‡k mevB me KvR K‡i| Bqvmwgb : Avgv‡`i cyiæ‡liv †Kej ûKzg K‡i| †Kej kvmb K‡i| Zv‡`i g‡Zi weiæ‡× we‡q Ki‡j ev †cÖg Ki‡j KzPrz K‡i MjvUv †K‡U †bq| Bswj‡k Gi GKUv `viæY bvg Av‡Q| Abvi wKwjs| cvwK¯Ív‡b evc-`v`v-¯^vgx meŸvB‡K Avgiv Lye fqfw³ Kwi| Zv‡`i m¤§vb †Zv Avgv‡`i Ici wbf©i K‡i, ZvB| GB bvI †Zvgvi Pv †R‡iwgm| †R‡iwgm : ab¨ev`| wKš‘ †Zvgvi K_v Avwg wKQyB eySjvg bv| Avwg Bswjk eywS bv| Zvi Ici Zzwg Lye `ªæZ K_v ejQ| Bqvmwgb : Zzwg †h fvlv †ev‡Sv, Avwg Zv Rvwb †R‡iwgm|


AjsKiY : dwi`v Rvgvb †R‡iwgm : Zzwg †møvwfb Rv‡bv? `viæY †Zv! Avi †Kvb †Kvb fvlv Rv‡bv Zzwg? †Zvgvi m‡½ †møvwf‡b K_v eje| GZÿY hv hv ej‡j †møvwf‡b e‡jv †Zv| Bqvmwgb : †gvwj, `ytwLZ, GLv‡b Avi evowZ Kvc †bB| Zzwg wK Ni †_‡K wb‡q Avm‡e? wbtk‡ã D‡V `uvovj Agwjbx| Bqvmwgb Zv‡K mn¨ Ki‡Z cvi‡Q bv| †m AvR wkKvwi| †m Aewkó `ywbqv‡K Zvi cÖwZcÿ fve‡Q| Agwjbxi †Kv‡bv cÖwZ‡hvwMZv †bB| †m AvÇvNi †_‡K †ewi‡q coj| Avi BqvKf `~i †_‡K WvK‡Z jvMj Zv‡K| Ô†`‡Lv, †`‡Lv †gvwj! GUv †Zvgvi fv‡jv jvM‡eB|Õ Zvi nv‡Z GKwU Zv‡ii ev`¨| A‡bKUv wMUv‡ii g‡Zv| wKš‘ wMUvi bq| BqvKf : Lye K¬všÍ bvwK †gvwj? †gvwj : bv †Zv| †Kb e‡jv? BqvKf : †Zvgv‡K memgq D¾¡j †`Lvq †gvwj| wKš‘ GLb †hb Zzwg welv‡` Kv‡jv n‡q wM‡qQ| Ggb †Kb †gvwj? Avb‡›` _v‡Kv! P‡jv P‡jv| †Zvgv‡K GB evRbvUv †kvbve| Avgvi me‡P‡q wcÖq| †R‡iwgm wcqv‡bv A¨vKwW©qvb fvov K‡i‡Q| †mI evRv‡e|

P‡jv| AvwgI GKUv wMUvi fvov wbjvg| †gvwj : Zzwg AvÇvN‡i hvI, Avwg AvmwQ| Pv Lv‡e? Zvn‡j †Zvgvi Kvc Avbe| BqvKf : Zzwg evbv”Q? †gvwj : Bqvmwgb evwb‡q‡Q| ejj G-N‡i Kv‡ci Afve| Avwg †Zvgvi Kvc AvbwQ| `ywU Kvcmn AvÇvN‡i wd‡i Agwjbx †`Lj c‡U Pv wfwR‡q P‡j wM‡q‡Q Bqvmwgb| †m Pv Xvj‡Z jvMj| BqvKfI Pv‡q `ya-wPwb Lvq bv| †R‡iwgm ejj, Ôwk jvBW|Õ BqvKf : †K? †R‡iwgm : Bqvmwgb| ejj †møv‡fwbqvb Rv‡b, evU wk jvBW| †gvwj : †Zvgvi ivbœv †Kgb n‡jv? †R‡iwgb : `viæY! GLb Kw`b wbwðšÍ| Zzwg bv _vK‡j Avwg eoB wec‡` coZvg| Zzwg ˆbk‡fvR †m‡iQ? †gvwj : GLbB! mv‡o `kUvi Av‡M bq| †R‡iwgm : mv‡o `kUv! Avwg †Zv QUvq †kl Lvevi LvB| †nwf †eªKdv÷| †nwf jvÂ| jvBU wWbvi|

115


†gvwj : Avgv‡`i †`‡k Gme †KD gv‡b bv| ZvB meŸvi g¯Í †cU, wekvj A¤^j, M¨vm Ñ wKš‘ mevB `viæY †cUzK! †R‡iwgm : nv nv nv! BqvKf : †nv †nv †nv! †R‡iwgm : wKš‘ Zzwg †Zv †gvUv bI| †gvUv n‡jv Bqvmwgb, †ivRvbv, nvwiK| †gvUv †g‡q Avgvi GK`g fv‡jv jv‡M bv| †gvwj : Avnv! Bqvmwg‡bi me cÖqvm wK wedj n‡jv? †R‡iwgm : Zzwg Lye `yóz †g‡q †gvwj! BqvKf : †gvwj Lye fv‡jv| bg¯‹vi †gvwj| †gvwj : bg¯‹vi! bg¯‹vi! GUv Kx hš¿ BqvKf| BqvKf : GUvi bvg Z¤^iy v| Avgv‡`i g¨vwm‡Wvwbqvi AZ¨šÍ HwZn¨c~Y© cÖvPxb hš¿| Avgvi euvwk †Zvgvi fv‡jv jv‡Mwb, Z¤^iy v †Kgb jv‡M Rvwb‡qv| †gvwj : GKUz Af¨vm Ki‡jB Zzwg Lye fv‡jv euvwk evRv‡e BqvKf| Zzwg wK Rv‡bv, BwÛqvq GKUv hš¿ Av‡Q, Zvi bvg Zvbcyiv| Av‡M Zv‡K Z¤^iy vB ejv n‡Zv| GL‡bv KY©vU‡K Z¤^iy v e‡j| G‡Z gvÎ Pvi‡U Zvi| †Kv‡bv myi evRv‡bv hvq bv| wKš‘ GKUv myiPµ ˆZwi K‡i †`q †hUv MvqK ev ev`K‡K mvnvh¨ K‡i| BqvKf : Avwg Rvwb| †Zvgv‡`i Zvbcyiv Avi Avgv‡`i Z¤^iy vi Drm GK| Zbeyi n‡jv cviwm kã| Zbeyi gv‡b GB †Mvj I j¤^v AvK…wZi hš¿| †gvwj : evRvI| UzK‡iv UzK‡iv myi evRv‡Z jvMj BqvKf| Aí Aí RoZv Av‡Q nv‡Z| wKš‘ fvwi gayi kã| †m Avi †R‡iwgm gy» n‡q ïb‡Z jvMj| BqvKf †hb †Kv‡bv my‡iB w¯’Z n‡Z cvi‡Q bv| †hb mwVK myiwU Ly‡u R †eov‡”Q, hv GB gyn‡~ Z©i c‡ÿ me‡P‡q Dc‡hvMx| wKš‘ Zvi Abf¨¯Í my‡ii gayiZv 215bs N‡ii AvÇv †Q‡o †ewi‡q coj| Kwi‡Wv‡i †eov‡Z jvMj GB `vwb‡q‡ji AvZ¥vi g‡Zv| `vwb‡qj, `vwb‡qj| Agwjbxi my‡L hvi myL, Agwjbxi `yt‡L `ytL| `vwb‡qj, `vwb‡qj| Avgvi ü`q my‡i my‡i wg‡k ivBUvi‡`i `yqv‡i `yqv‡i msMx‡Zi evZ©v †cuŠ‡Q w`‡Z jvMj| G‡mv| †kv‡bv| g¨vwm‡Wvwbqvi ¯^wcœj Kwe BqvKf wgwó gayi evRbv G‡b‡Q Zvi `~‡ii †`k †_‡K, ïay GLvbKvi gynZ ~ ¸© ‡jv my‡i my‡i fwi‡q †`‡e e‡j| †møv‡fwbqvi †R‡iwgm wcqv‡bv A¨vKwW©qvb fvovB K‡i †djj! Avgvi g„Mbqbx A¨v‡gwjqv fvi‡Zi Agwjbx my‡ii gvqvq †Kvb Avb›`‡jv‡K †cuŠ‡Q wM‡q‡Q †`‡Lv G‡m! ... Avgvi bxie eviZv ivBUvi‡`i AbyfeZš¿x‡Z aiv coj wVK! K¬vwšÍ I RoZv †V‡j G‡K G‡K Avm‡Z jvMj Zviv| kebg, †ivRvbv, nvwiK, RR©, iæev, iæ_, Kv¤^v, gvbwNj, †m‡M©B, Avgv`vqys, wjwj, nvwmb, K¨vw_, †gBwg, Av`bv‡k| Ae‡k‡l GKwU my‡i w¯’Z n‡q‡Q BqvKf| Zb¥q n‡q evRv‡”Q| myi, jq, Q›` meB GLb Zvi KivqË| †R‡iwgm I Agwjbx gMœ n‡q ïb‡Q| ivBUviiv Qvqvi g‡Zv wbtkã| †h-myiLvwb evRv‡”Q BqvKf, Agwjbxi Kv‡Q Zv ciR ivM e‡j cÖwZfvZ n‡”Q| g‡bi g‡a¨ ¸ÄwiZ n‡”Q Zvi AwZwcÖq GK iex›`ªMvb| cÖvq Kzwo wgwbU evwR‡q BqvKf _vgj| myim‡¤§vwnZ †kÖvZviv nvZZvwj w`‡Z fz‡j †Mj| Agwjbx cÖvq wdmwdm K‡i ejj, ÔAvgv‡`i ci‡Ri myi| ciR ivM|Õ BqvKf : ivM? MvI, wcøR! †gvwj : evsjv Mvb †h| iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii Mvb| BqvKf : Zv‡Mvi| †MÖZ Zv‡Mvi| wn BR gvB †dfvwiZ| Agwjbx MvB‡Z jvMj : Wv‡Kv †gv‡i AvwR G wbkx‡_| wb`ªvgMb h‡e wek¦RMr, ü`‡q Avwm‡q bxi‡e Wv‡Kv †n \ †Zvgvwi Ag„‡Z \ R¡v‡jv Ze `xc G AšÍiwZwg‡i evi evi Wv‡Kv gg A‡PZ wP‡Z \

116

axij‡q, myiF× K‡É, ï× D”Pvi‡Y, iex›`ªMv‡b Rov‡bv ciR iv‡Mi †mŠ›`h© cÖKvk Ki‡Z jvMj †m| Zvi †PvL eÜ wQj, ZvB †`L‡Z cvw”Qj bv, my‡ii gvqv, K‡Éi `iw` D™¢vm ivBUvi‡`i Av‡eM Dm‡K Zzj‡Q| Zviv Awff‚Z| †gBwg, †ivRvbv, nvwmb I K¨vw_i †Pv‡L Rj| evsjv Rv‡b bv, fviZxq `k©b Rv‡b bv, Dcwbl` †ev‡S bv, BqvK‡fi g‡Zv Zv‡Mvi m¤ú‡K© aviYvI nq‡Zv A‡b‡Ki †bB| Zey Kx kw³ IB my‡ii, IB Mv‡bi, IB ü`qgw_Z Av‡e`‡bi! †m Mvb †kl K‡i †PvL †gjj, †`Lj kebg Zvi Mvb †iKW© Ki‡Q| †gBwg †n‡m †PvL gyQj| ivBUvi‡`i nvZZvwji g‡a¨B Mvb a‡i †djj †ivRvbv| Aviwe msMxZ| my‡ijv AvRv‡bi g‡Zv ¯Í‡ii ci ¯Íi Qwo‡q Zvi Mvb †f‡m †Mj AvKv‡k AvKv‡k| GK KiæY AvZ¥wb‡e`‡bi myiZi‡½ ey`u n‡q †Mj ivBUvi‡`i `j| Agwjbx †`Lj, wcqv‡bv A¨vKwW©qvb †Kv‡j Zz‡j wb‡”Q †R‡iwgm| AvZ¥wb‡e`‡bi Zb¥qZv Qvwc‡q, wQbœ K‡i, Kviæ‡Y¨i †Nvi fvwO‡q SgSg K‡i DVj †R‡iwg‡mi wcqv‡bv A¨vKwW©qvb| `ÿ, Af¨¯Í nv‡Z Ac~e© SsKvi Zzjj †m| BqvKf K¬¨vwmK evwR‡qwQj, Agwjbx I †ivRvbvI K¬¨vwmK †M‡q‡Q| wKš‘ †R‡iwg‡mi evRbv AvaywbKZvi †hŠe‡bv”Q¡v‡m ficyi| Zvi evRbvi m‡½ gvbvbmB Kievi Rb¨ wMUvi wb‡q G‡jv BqvKf| RR© GKUv ûBw¯‹i †evZj wb‡q G‡jv| wRqvs, A¨v‡j·, wdwjc I †m‡M©B G‡m RyUj| GK †evZj ûBw¯‹‡Z Kx n‡e? AZGe Av‡iv GK †evZj wb‡q G‡jv A¨v‡j·| Agwjbx ûBw¯‹ cQ›` K‡i bv| N‡i my‡ii †h-gvqv ˆZwi n‡qwQj, Zvi †Nvi †f‡O hvIqvq Zvi Avi fv‡jvI jvMwQj bv| †m DV‡e e‡j fve‡Q, †gBwg G‡m cv‡k emj| Agwjbxi Mjv Rwo‡q ejj, ÔAvwg †Zvgvi Mvb ï‡b gy» n‡qwQ| †Zvgvi †h eB †_‡K Bqvc I‡qemvB‡U †jLvi bgybv w`‡qQ, AvgvR‡b wK‡b Avwg c‡owQ| Zzwg AZ¨šÍ cÖwZfvgqx|Õ Agwjbx ejj, ÔmwZ¨? Lye Lywk njvg| †Zvgvi †jLv Avwg coe †gBwg| †Rwbdvi ejwQj Zzwg Lye fv‡jv †j‡Lv|Õ †gBwg : P‡jv, Avgiv GKUz ûBw¯‹ LvB| AvR Avgvi Rb¥w`b| Agwjbx : Rb¥w`b? †Zvgvi? Av‡i, Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ cÖ_g GKUv Rb¥w`b G‡jv, D`&hvcb Kie bv? †gBwg : bv bv, KvD‡K †ev‡jv bv| wcøR! Agwjbx : †Zvgvi fv‡jv jvM‡e bv, mevB Avb›` Ki‡j? †gBwg : jvM‡e| wKš‘ wb‡RB wb‡Ri Rb¥w`b ... AvBÕg bU G PvBì! Agwjbx ejj A¨v‡j·‡K, A¨v‡j· RR©‡K, RR© K¨vw_‡K, K¨vw_ ejj BqvKf‡K, BqvKf †m‡M©B‡K| mevB †PuwP‡q DVj, Ôïf Rb¥w`b! ïf Rb¥w`b †gBwg| DB gv÷ †mwj‡eªU|Õ iæ_ jvwd‡q GKUv †Pqv‡i D‡V coj| e‡j DVj, Ô†KD P‡j †h‡qv bv| Avgv‡`i †dmeyK ms‡hvM nqwb GL‡bv| bv n‡j mKv‡jB Rvb‡Z cviZvg †gBwgi Rb¥w`b| Avgiv GLb Rb¥w`‡bi Drme Kie|Õ †KD †Mj evwK‡`i †W‡K Avb‡Z, †KD †Mj †KK, g` I Lvevi Avb‡Z| mevB cuvP Wjvi K‡i Puv`v w`‡jv| Lv`¨ I g‡`i LiPmn †gBwgi Rb¨ Dcnvi †Kbv n‡e| kebg ejj, ÔAv‡i QvZvi kn‡i, me †`vKvb GZÿ‡Y eÜ| Gme cv‡e bvwK!Õ †Rwbdvi : †Kb? Avgiv IqvjgvU© hve| mvivivZ †Lvjv _v‡K| Avi me cvIqv hvq| Kv¤^v : Avwg Rvwb, GLvb †_‡K gvÎ `k wgwbU WªvB‡f GKUv IqvjgvU© Av‡Q| A¨v‡j· : Avwg Dei WvKwQ| †Rwbdvi Zzwg hv‡e? RR©, Zzwg? `viæY j¾vq G‡Kev‡i big n‡q †Mj `wÿY Avwd«Kvi †gBwg| A_P Zvi jvRyK nvwm‡Z Am¤¢e fv‡jv jvMvi e¨Äbv| †m wdmwdm K‡i e‡j DVj, Ôme cÖfz whïi K…cv| GB `~icÖev‡m, cwievi-cwiRb Qvov, Avwg fve‡ZI cvwiwb GZ Avb›`, GZ ï‡f”Qv Avgvi Rb¨ A‡cÿv Ki‡Q| Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ GL‡bv fv‡jv K‡i †PbvRvbvI nqwb! Avwg mwZ¨B Awff‚Z|Õ r (Pj‡e)


g¨v b ey Kv i

Avgvi evevi evwo evb©vw`©b Gfvwi‡÷v Abyev` : Av›`vwje ivk`x

Av

m‡j wb‡Ri m¤ú‡K© Avwg †Kv‡bv eB‡q wKQy wjwLwb| GKgvÎ e¨wZµg Avgvi Kv‡e¨vcb¨vm jviv, GUv Avgvi cvwievwiK BwZnvm wb‡q iPbv| Avgvi hw`I GKwU eøM Av‡Q, †jLv‡jwL wn‡m‡e †mUvI MY¨, Z‡e Zv‡Z AšÍi½ ev ¯^xKv‡ivw³g~jK wKQy cvIqvi K_v bq| Avgv‡`i eZ©gvb cwi‡e‡k Avgv‡`i e¨w³MZ I mvgwóK c„w_exi mxgvšÍ µgvMZ A¯úó n‡q D‡V‡Q| we‡kl K‡i UzBUvi wb‡q jvL jvL gvby‡li Db¥ËZv, GgbwK Zz”Q wel‡qi †NvlYv ÔAvwg GBgvÎ GKwU wPR‡ivj †L‡qwQÕ, ÔAvR evB‡ii w`KUv †iv‡`jvÕ, Avwg hw`I GB Db¥ËZv †_‡K wb‡R‡K wbe„Ë ivL‡Z †c‡iwQ| Avwg †dBmey‡K †_‡K MYAv‡jvPbvq _vKvi g‡Zv cÖkÖq wb‡R‡K w`‡qwQ| ¯§„wZK_v wn‡m‡e wb‡Ri K_v †jLv Ñ G-ai‡bi AvZ¥cÖKvkI cÖPviYvi g‡ZvB| ÔAvwg †h Kx nbyÕ Ñ Zv †`Lv‡bvi, Ô†jL‡Ki Avov‡jÕ †cQ‡bi gvbylwU‡K D‡b¥vwPZ Kivi evmbvB| ¯§„wZK_v wjwL‡q †bq| G-K_v ejvi mgq GUvI ej‡Z PvB, †jLv‡jwL gvbyl‡KI e`‡j †`q Ñ Avgvi †jLvwU Avwg †Kv‡Ì‡K G‡mwQ ZviB GKwU

117


weeiY| GwU †Kv‡bv AvKw¯§K Abyaveb bq, eis Avwg AZxZ‡K Rxe‡b Zz‡j G‡bwQ| Avwg †e‡o D‡VwQ DjDB‡Pi GKwU ¸‡gvU, Ku¨vPKu¨vP kã Kiv RivRxY© wew”Qbœ GKwU wf‡±vwiqvb evwo‡Z Ñ DjDBP ZLb `wÿY-c~e© jÛ‡bi GKwU M¨vwimb kni, kn‡ii mxgv‡šÍ †Ugm b`x, iq¨vj Av‡m©bvj A¯¿ KviLvbvi Rb¨ kniwU L¨vZ, KviLvbvi Kvi‡Y `yf©vM¨ekZ b`xi `„k¨ XvKv c‡o †M‡Q| 1967 mv‡j GB A¯¿ KviLvbv eÜ nIqvi Av‡M ch©šÍ 300 eQ‡iiI †ewk mgq weªwUk‡`i mKj hy‡×i Rb¨ A‡¯¿i †RvMvb w`‡q G‡m‡Q| GKwU †bvsiv welYœ kni, †KŠZ‚njRvMvwbqv kni| GB kn‡ii m‡½ Avgvi hyMcr fv‡jvevmv I N„Yvi m¤úK© Ñ fqsKi †Kv‡bv kni nIqvi Kvi‡Y bq, eis GK‡N‡qwgc~Y© kni nIqvi Kvi‡Y| Avgvi eqm hLb Kg, fvbfwYZv hLb GKUz †ewk, Avwg †NvlYv KiZvg, DjDBP n‡”Q Avgvi evwoi kni, Z‡e bwUswnj n‡”Q Avgvi Ava¨vwZ¥K wbevm| GZw`b evm Kivi ci hLb †cQ‡b ZvKvB, GK‡N‡q kniwU‡Z evm K‡i, `xN© Cl`yò MÖx®§ KvwU‡q, †Kv_vI ev wM‡q hv wKQy K‡iwQ Zv n‡”Q Ñ †mB Dcv`vbB Avgv‡K †jLK evwb‡q‡Q Ñ †h-†jLK A™¢zZ I we¯§qKi Kí‡jv‡K cvwj‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| Avgv‡`i cwiev‡ii AvUwU wkï Ñ GKUz †ewkB, ZvB bv? Avgvi Bs‡iR gv ag©vbyivMx K¨v_wjK, Kv‡RB gv †P‡q‡Qb ¯^‡M©i Rb¨ hZ †ewk m¤¢e AvZ¥vi mgv‡ek NUv‡bv hvq ZZB g½j| wb‡R cwiev‡ii GKgvÎ mšÍvb nIqvq wb‡Ri Rb¨ †P‡q‡Qb eo cwievi| †m-c‡_B P‡j‡Qb Avgvi bvB‡Rwiqvb evev| Zuvi †cŠiæ‡li cÖgvY Avgiv fvB‡ev‡biv| `k eQ‡ii †ewk mgq a‡i Avgiv av°vavw° K‡i wcQ‡j c„w_ex‡Z †b‡g Avmvi KmiZ K‡iwQ; †g‡q, †g‡q, †Q‡j, †g‡q (Avwg ¯^qs), †Q‡j, †g‡q, †Q‡j, †Q‡j| Avwg fve‡Z PvB, Avwg wgWj PvBì wmb‡Wªv‡g AvµvšÍ (†`Lyb, Avgv‡K †`Lyb, Ab¨iv †Kb g‡bv‡hvM AvKl©Y Ki‡e Ñ GUv wVK bq, GUv gb Lvivc Kwi‡q †`q)| bUi †Wg Kb‡f›U ¯‹z‡ji wVK c‡iiwUB 173 GMwjbUb †ivW, GKmgq ¯‹z‡ji Ask wn‡m‡e e¨eüZ n‡Zv| febwU PviZjv, ev‡ivwU iæg, mvg‡b †ek eo GKwU evMvb, †U‡i‡m 150 dzU `xN© mewRevMvb| †ek †gvnbxq, Z‡e †Kej ï‡b †evKvwgi duv‡` covi gv‡b †bB| GUv Avm‡j GKUv AveR©bv Ñ eo, RxY©, †f‡O covi g‡Zv `vbexq GB febwU Pviw`‡K my›`i †QvU evwo¸‡jvi cv‡k wel‡duvovi g‡Zv `uvwo‡q wQj| nuv, wRmvm! GB evwoUv‡K †X‡K ivLvi Rb¨ †Kv‡bv DuPz mxgvbv †`qvj wKsev MvQ †bB| wVK ewjwb, Av‡M GKUv MvQ wQj; wKš‘ †Kv‡bv Kvi‡Y Avgvi evev †K‡U †d‡j‡Qb| MvQ I Av‡iv Ab¨ wKQy Kzwc‡q KvU‡Z Avgvi evev Lye cQ›` Ki‡Zb| Avgvi g‡b nq, evev wQj cÖK…wZweiæ× gvbyl| Avgvi evev-gv 1960 mv‡j 173 b¤^i evwoUv 1900 cvDÛ w`‡q †K‡bb| evwoUv †givgZ Kivi `iKvi wQj, wKš‘ Zuv‡`i nv‡Z UvKvcqmv wQj bv| evwo Dbœqb Aby`v‡bi Rb¨ evev hLb wMÖwbP KvDw݇j Av‡e`b Kivi my‡hvM †c‡jb, m‡›`nevwZKMÖ¯Í Avgvi evev g‡b Ki‡jb, †Kv‡bv KvDeq ai‡bi weìvi G‡m Avgv‡`i †MvcbxqZvi c`©v D‡b¥vPb K‡i †djyK Ñ GUv n‡Z †`Iqv hvq bv| Kv‡RB evwoi Dbœq‡bi KvRUv wb‡RivB Ki‡eb| hw` wKQy KvR n‡qI _v‡K evev Zv Lye ev‡Rfv‡e Ki‡jb| mvg‡bi evMvbUv wVK Kivi Rb¨ Gi Ici KswµU-wm‡g›U Xvj‡jb; wkMwMiB G‡Z eo dvUj †`Lv w`‡jv, f‚wgK‡¤ú weaŸ¯Í n‡q †M‡Q e‡j g‡b nIqvi K_v| GK MÖx‡®§ evev N‡ii cv‡k GKUv M¨v‡iR evbv‡”Qb, Avgiv ZLb Lye D‡ËwRZ; wKš‘ †kl

118

ch©šÍ hv ˆZwi n‡jv Zv n‡”Q Ñ eªvwR‡ji ew¯Íi †XDwU‡bi Ni| wKš‘ cyi‡bv Mvwoi ¯Í‚c †_‡K Zvi m`¨ †Kbv f·nj wf±i GB M¨v‡i‡R bv †i‡L evB‡i ivL‡Z ïiæ Ki‡jb; eis mevB GUv †`LyK, Mvwo †Zv ÷¨vUv‡mi wm¤^j| hw`I Zuvi †Kv‡bv WªvBwfs jvB‡mÝ wQj bv, MvwoUv evevB Pvjv‡Zb; KL‡bv Mvwo Pvjv‡bvi †Kv‡bv †jmbI †bbwb, KL‡bv Zuv‡K cixÿvI w`‡Z nqwb| MvwoUv wZb eQi Ajm c‡o _vKj, µgvMZ gi‡P co‡Z co‡Z †f‡O co‡Z ïiæ Kij| Avgv‡`i eomo wKš‘ RxY© evwoi mvg‡bi `iRvi Mv‡Q Pv‡P©i g‡Zv Rvbvjv| 1975 mv‡j `iRvUvq is jvMv‡bvi Av‡M evev †eøvUP© w`‡q †ek LvwbKUv cywo‡q‡Qb| Av¸‡b weÿZ Ges j¤^v j¤^v †cvov `vM wb‡q `iRvUv Zvi evwK cÖvK…wZK Rxeb Ñ Kzwo eQi ev Zvi KvQvKvwQ, Gfv‡eB wU‡K wQj| evwoi mewKQyi g‡Zv G-`iRvwUI wQj Avgv‡`i Rb¨ weeªZKi| wg÷vi dzUvi bv‡gi GKRb weìvi wVK Avgv‡`i evwoi gy‡LvgywL aea‡e mv`v evwoUv‡Z _vK‡Zb, K‡qK hyM Avgiv Zuvi cÖwZ‡ekx wn‡m‡e _vK‡jI GKev‡ii Rb¨I n¨v‡jv e‡jbwb! Avwg Zuv‡K ejZvg ÔdvwKs dzUviÕ; Aek¨ KL‡bv mvgbvmvgwb bq, GgbwK Avgvi gv-evevi mvg‡bI bq| evwo‡Z MvjvMvj †`Iqvi AbygwZ wQj bv| †cQ‡b ZvwK‡q g‡b nq, Avgv‡`i Kvi‡Y Zuvi evwoUvi `vg evRvig~‡j¨i A‡a©‡K †b‡g wM‡qwQj| d¨vk‡b cwiYZ nIqvi Av‡MB Avgv‡`i †cQ‡bi evMvbUv wQj ey‡bv| Kb‡f‡›Ui GKw`‡K mewRevMvb, gvSLv‡b †eov, evwKUv‡Z eo c`‡ÿ‡ci iv¯Ív, †PvivMwj‡Z wM‡q wg‡k‡Q| evwoi †cQbUv Lvov cvnv‡o wM‡q †V‡K‡Q Ñ evMv‡bi cðv‡Ïk Ai‡Y¨i m‡½ wg‡j‡Q| AiY¨ ej‡j Aek¨ GKUz evovevwo †kvbvq Ñ GUv wVK Gwcs d‡i÷ bq, Z‡e †cQ‡bi e‡bi MvQ¸‡jv‡K g‡b nq †Kv‡bv †bv g¨vbm j¨v‡Ûi Ici, †Kv‡bv gvwjK †bB| Avgiv ev”Pviv e‡bi †Zgb †fZ‡i †h‡Z cviZvg bv| RvqMvUv AÜKvi, wcw”Qj, Zzlvi RgvU Ges wec¾bK cÖvYx i‡q‡Q Ñ †hgb †kqvj, †cuPv| iv‡Zi †ejvi AiY¨-AvZ‡¼ wkiwki Kiv Ag½‡ji evZ©v enb K‡i| Avgvi evev †cQ‡bi evMv‡bi c_ a‡i †`qvj Zz‡j‡Qb, Zuvi Kv‡Ri `ÿZv GgbB fqven †h, B‡Ui KvR¸‡jv `yg‡ogyP‡o †M‡Q, †`L‡j g‡b n‡e †KD †møR-nvZzwo w`‡q †`qvjUv †cUv‡Z †cUv‡Z mvg‡b GwM‡q‡Q| Zvici †miKgB i‡q †M‡Q| Avgv‡`i evMvb Mv‡Q fwZ© wQj : Wzgyi, IK, Av‡cj, bvkcvwZ Ges †Pwi| evMv‡bi Rwg‡Z wKQy GKUv Ki‡eb Ñ Ggb GKwU cwiKíbv wb‡q evev me MvQ †K‡U †dj‡jb| Zuvi memgq cwiKíbv _vKZ| evMvbUv MvQk~b¨ n‡q cwiZ¨³ Gqviwd‡ìi g‡Zv n‡q iBj eQ‡ii ci eQi| Avwg †mB MvQ¸‡jvi Rb¨ GL‡bv †kvK Kwi, Avi Mv‡Qi m‡½ †Svjv‡bv †`vjbv¸‡jvi Rb¨| GKevi Avgvi †evb‡`i GKRb †PwiMv‡Qi Ici †_‡K GKwU BU †Q‡o w`‡j Avgvi gv_vq c‡o, gv_v †d‡U nuv n‡q hvq| Avgvi eqm ZLb cuvP eQi, GKUv KvDeq n¨vUI gv_vq wQj| Avgvi †evb n¨vUUv‡K Zvi c‡ÿi mvÿx †g‡b e‡j‡Q, †m †f‡e‡Q, n¨v‡Ui Kvi‡Y wKQy n‡e bv| †m †f‡e‡Q n¨vU Avgv‡K iÿv Ki‡e| mwZ¨B? cÖ‡Z¨K MÖx‡®§ ivg`v nv‡Z w`‡q Avgv‡`i evMv‡b cvVv‡bv n‡Zv, gv_v Qvwo‡q hvIqv Nvm Avgv‡`i KvU‡Z n‡e| Mi‡gi g‡a¨ Ggb kvixwiK cwikÖg Avgv‡`i Lye AcQ‡›`i wQj| Avgiv weoweo KiZvg, Avgv‡`i m‡½ µxZ`v‡mi g‡Zv AvPiY Kiv n‡”Q| ZLb †Uwjwfk‡b A¨v‡j· n¨vwji ÔiæUmÕ wmwiR PjwQj| wkMwMi Avevi hLb Nvm¸‡jv eo n‡Z n‡Z gv_v Qvwo‡q hv‡e,


Avgiv hyw³ w`Zvg, Zvn‡j †K‡U jvf Kx? wKš‘ evevi KZ…©Z¡ wb‡q cÖkœ Kivi mvnm Avgv‡`i KL‡bv wQj bv| Zuvi wQj wgwjUvwi wWK&‡UUiwkc| mvgwiK GKbvqKZš¿| Avwg †h-DjDB‡P †e‡o DwV, kniwUi msL¨vMwiô gvbyl mv`v| AvR GB kni‡K ejv †h‡Z cv‡i wjUj jv‡Mvm| we¯§qKi GB iƒcvšÍi| ZLb Avgv‡`i iv¯Ívq Avi GKwU gvÎ Kv‡jv cwievi wQj; eY©ev`x wkï‡`i mnR Uv‡M©U wQj Avgv‡`i evwo, Mwjc_ †_‡K Zviv Avgv‡`i †cQ‡bi RvqMvUvq cv_i QyoZ| Avwg hLb wUwf‡Z ÔAvqibmvBWÕ wKsev ÔUc Ae `¨ ccmÕ †`LZvg †mB ˆkk‡e fveZvg wbwÿß wgmvBj GLbB iæ‡gi †fZi G‡m coj e‡j| Avgvi evev ÿzä kqZvb¸‡jv‡K Zvov Ki‡Zb, KL‡bv KL‡bv GKUv-`y‡Uv‡K Nv‡o a‡i Zz‡j wb‡q Avm‡Zb Ges †nuP‡o Zv‡`i evwo ch©šÍ wb‡q †h‡Zb hv‡Z Zv‡`i kvw¯Í nq Ges ÿwZc~iY Av`vq Kiv hvq| evev ejkvjx wQ‡jb Ges †m-Avg‡j Nv‡o a‡i Zz‡j Avbvi AbygwZ wQj| Zv‡`i evev-gv mvaviYZ ÿgv cÖv_©bv Ki‡Zb, bZzev evev ÿwZc~iY Av`vq K‡i Qvo‡Zb A_ev cywjk‡K Rvbv‡bvi ûgwK w`‡Zb; KL‡bv KL‡bv cywjk‡K wi‡cvU©I K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi g„Zz¨i w`b ch©šÍ evev Zuvi evwj‡ki cv‡k GKUv nvZzwo wb‡q Nywg‡q‡Qb| †cQ‡bi evMv‡bi †`qvjUv IVvi Av‡M GKw`b Avgvi gv-evev †R‡M I‡Vb Ges †`L‡Z cvb, evMv‡bi Kv‡Vi †eov Mwjc‡_ †U‡b †ei K‡i wb‡q hv‡”Q| †Q‡jiv e‡j, eýy¨rme iv‡Z| GB KvV w`‡q Av¸b R¡vjv‡e| evev cywjk Wv‡Kb, cywjk †Q‡j‡`i evev-gv‡K †ei K‡i Av‡b Ges †mw`bB me KvV Avevi evMv‡b wdwi‡q w`‡Z eva¨ K‡i| Z‡e cywjk memgqB Ggb mnvbyf‚wZkxj wQj g‡b Kivi KviY †bB| GLb g‡b nq, cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i Kv‡Q Avgv‡`iwU wQj mKj‡K RyRyi fq †`Lv‡bv GKwU cwievi| Avgvi evev †ek ejevb †QvU AvKv‡ii Avwd«Kvb, bvB‡Rwiqvi gywó‡hv×v, cuvP dzU cuvP BwÂ, Avgvi †P‡q Lv‡Uv, Z‡e Q-dzU j¤^v †Q‡j‡`i †P‡q A‡bK Lv‡Uv| evev wQ‡jb wPKb, †cwkeûj Ges ey‡ov eq‡mI Zuvi †h †Kvg‡ii gvc Ñ Zuvi Rb¨ A‡bK bvixi AvKzj nIqvi K_v| bv¯Ívi mgq mivmwi mmc¨vb †_‡K Zz‡j wb‡q A‡bK †ewk cwigvY cwiR †L‡Zb, `ycy‡ii Lvevi gv‡b GK Kvc Pv, iv‡Zi †ejv eo Lvevi Ñ †mUv evev wb‡RB ivbœv Ki‡Zb| LveviUv wQj gvsm Ges Avjy‡m× GKm‡½ wgwk‡q evUv Ñ A‡bKUv †ewedzwWi g‡Zv; KL‡bv wgóvbœ Lvbwb, KL‡bv †Kv‡bv mœ¨vKm gy‡L †Zv‡jbwb| Avgiv †hgb K‡i Lvev‡ii m‡½ cvwb Mjvq XzKvB, evev Zv KL‡bv Ki‡Zb bv| GUvB e¨vL¨v K‡i †Kb Zuv‡K GKw`‡bi Rb¨I Amy¯’ n‡Z nqwb| evev Lye ÿxcÖ I cÖvYešÍ fw½‡Z †nu‡U hvb, †cQb †_‡K †`L‡j †h-†KD Zuv‡K Zuvi Avmj eq‡mi †P‡q Kgc‡ÿ c‡b‡iv eQi Kgeqmx e‡j g‡b KiZ| wKš‘ wkï‡`i m‡½ evev wQ‡jb fqsKi, kvixwiK kvw¯Íi cyRvwi, Avgiv AvZ¼MÖ¯Í _vKZvg| wKš‘ evB‡ii RM‡Z wfbœ gvbyl, K¨vwikg¨vwUK, eÜzermj, wKQyUv †RvKvi, mgvRZš¿x Ges ¯’vbxq KvDwÝji Ñ gvbyl‡K mvnvh¨ Kivi Rb¨ m`vDb¥yL| GKB evwo‡Z evevi m‡½ 18 eQ‡ii Rxe‡b Avwg KL‡bv Zuvi m‡½ mwZ¨Kv‡ii K‡_vcK_b Ki‡Z cvwiwb| †Kej Avgv‡`i eKvSKv Kiv I kvw¯Í †`Iqvi `iKvi n‡j evev gyL Lyj‡Zb Ñ eKvSKvi mgq GK NÈv a‡i Zuvi bwmnZ ïb‡Z n‡Zv Ges welYœZvi fvb K‡i Vvq `uvwo‡q _vK‡Z n‡Zv| †Ljvi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i iv¯Ívq †e‡iv‡bv wb‡la wQj, eÜz‡`i KvD‡K †`L‡Z hvIqvi Ici wQj fxlY I ¯’vqx wb‡lavÁv| Avgv‡K hw` †Kv‡bv cvwU©‡Z †h‡Z n‡Zv, Zvn‡j wZb mßvn Av‡M

gv‡K Rvbv‡Z n‡e, Zvici ayKayK Kiv ey‡K Zuvi e³…Zv Ñ GUvi Kx wec`, IUvi Kx wec` Ñ me ïb‡Z n‡e, Avi me‡k‡l ej‡e, bv, `iKvi †bB| wR‡Ám bv KivUvB eis fv‡jv| 173 b¤^i evwoUvi cy‡ivUvB Zuvi ZvjyK, KL‡bv KL‡bv Avgvi g‡b n‡Zv, GUv Avgvi Rb¨ KvivMvi| Avwg GLb eywS Zuv‡K †Kb GZ K‡Vvi k„•Ljv Av‡ivc Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q Ñ evev Zuvi †jvK‡K wec`vc` †_‡K `~‡i ivL‡Z †P‡q‡Qb, mšÍvb jvjbcvj‡b Zuvi †h-`ÿZv, Zvi m‡e©v”PUvB †X‡j w`‡q‡Qb, A_P gvbylUv Avgv‡`i AvZ‡¼i KviY n‡q D‡V‡Qb| 1949 mv‡j †h Bsj¨v‡Û evev G‡m‡Qb, Zv Kv‡jvgvby‡li Rb¨ kÎæfvebvcbœ wQj| mˇii `k‡KI Kv‡jvwkï‡`i, we‡klZ †Q‡j‡`i, Rb¨ jÛb n‡q I‡V wek¦vmNvZKZvi kni| cÖvßeq¯‹ nIqvi ciB †Kej Avwg Zuvi m‡½ fvewewbgq Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ, Avi nu¨v, Zuv‡K fv‡jvI †e‡mwQ| evevi `yiv‡ivM¨ AvPi‡Yi wVK Dj‡Uv Avgvi gv Ñ Dò, Av`y‡i, Míejv, mnR cÖ‡ek¨ Ges A‡bK fv‡jvevmvi gvbyl| gv hw` Avgv‡`i m‡½ mܨvq †Uwjwfkb †`L‡Z em‡Zb Ñ Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ cÖwZ‡hvwMZv ïiæ n‡q †hZ e¨vK-¯Œ¨vPvi w`‡q †K gvi wcV PzjKv‡e, †K Zuvi K¬všÍ cv‡qi cvZv g¨vmvR Ki‡e| Avgv‡`i cÖwZ‡hvwMZv _vwg‡q †k‡l mg‡SvZv n‡Zv †K †Kvb cv wUc‡e| mšÍvb‡`i m‡½ †Kvgj AvPiY Ki‡Z gv evev‡K ej‡Zb, KL‡bv KL‡bv Zv‡Z mvgwqK djI n‡Zv| 12 eQi eq‡m cÖ‡Z¨K ïµevi ivZ evwoi AvZ¼ †_‡K †invB n‡Zv Ñ Avwg P‡j †hZvg ¯’vbxq Bqy_ w_‡qUv‡i, Avwg AbygwZ †c‡qwQ KviY †mLv‡b Ôfv‡jvÕ wkïiv †hZ| GUvB wQj Avgvi ÎvYKZ©v †gmvBqv| Avgv‡`i ivbœvNiUv gvwUi Zjvi KvivK‡ÿi g‡Zv, Ges †fZi w`‡q GKwU miæ c¨v‡mR †cQ‡bi evMv‡b wM‡q †cuŠ‡Q‡Q| †eR‡g‡›Ui ivbœvNiUv‡Z Kswµ‡Ui †`qvj| GZUvB mu¨vZ‡mu‡Z †h, PuzB‡q †fZ‡i cvwb P‡j Av‡m| †g‡SUv cv_y‡i Kswµ‡Ui| mvivRxeb ivbœvN‡ii Ae¯’v GgbB i‡q †M‡Q| wWm‡cv‡Rej j¨vwc, Iqvwks †gwkb, wd«R wKsev Rxeb mnRxKi‡Yi M¨vivw›U †`Iqv AvaywbK hš¿cvwZ Qvov Zuvi †Kgb K‡i PjZ Avgvi †evaMg¨ bq| I‡qìvi wn‡m‡e Avgvi evev wKQy KvgvB Ki‡Zb| Avgvi gv wkÿK, wKš‘ Avgv‡`i me‡P‡q †QvUwU ¯‹zjMvgx bv nIqv ch©šÍ Avi KvR †hvM †`bwb| GK A‡_© Zuviv `yRbB Avw_©Kfv‡e cÖvq wbt¯^| GiciI gv wbwðZ Ki‡Z †Póv Ki‡Zb †hb Avgv‡`i LvIqv`vIqvUv fv‡jv nq Ñ Avgv‡`i Rb¨ evMv‡bi †jUzm, dj, mewR Gme †Zv wnmv‡ei evB‡i| Avgiv k³-mg_©, ¯^v¯’¨evb n‡q †e‡o DwV, K`vwPr Avgiv Amy¯’ n‡qwQ| Kqjv Rwg‡q ivLvi VvÛv †mjviwU Avgv‡`i wd«‡Ri †mev w`Z Ñ `ya, ev_©‡W †Rwj, kwbev‡i DjDBP †_‡K Avbv gvsm Kqjvi †mjv‡i ivLv nq| ev_iægUvI †eR‡g‡›U Ñ wekvj eo GKwU Kÿ, Gi †fZ‡i AvUwU ev_Uve ivLv hvq; wKš‘ KL‡bv Gi †Kv‡bv `iRvI wQj bv, †Kv‡bv ev_UveI bq| Avgvi evev GKUv ev_Uve wK‡bwQ‡jb; wKš‘ `k‡Ki ci `kK GUv‡K †`qv‡j j¤^vjw¤^ †Vm †`Iqv Ae¯’vq †i‡L w`‡q‡Qb| evwoUvi Avkxe©v` Ñ gvSLv‡b wmuwo, Zv‡Z Kv‡Vi †iwjs Ñ Ici †_‡K GKevi Mwo‡q co‡j wcQ‡j D‡o †g‡S‡Z G‡m av°v †L‡q Nvo fvOvi Rb¨ Gi †P‡q DËg wKQy †bB| Avgv‡`i ˆkk‡e GB evwoUvB wQj Avgv‡`i †Ljvi gvV, AvgivB wQjvg ci¯ú‡ii †Ljvi mvw_| †Kv‡bv njI‡q‡Z Iqvj‡ccvi wKsev is jvMv‡bv wQj bv, KvRUv KwVbI wQj| †gBb njUv wQj wÎk dzU DuPz; Kv‡Vi wmuwo‡Z †Kv‡bv Kv‡c©U wQj bv Ñ Dckn‡i GUvB wQj ZLbKvi d¨vkb| Ny‡gi g‡a¨ Avwg †`qvj mvRvevi diwgKv, jvB‡bvwjqvg

119


Ges †ce‡ji ¯^cœ †`LZvg| Avwg AvUR‡bi GKRb n‡jI AvU KviY jvB‡b Ab¨ †KD `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| GL‡bv Avgvi `ªæZ cÖmªve fv‡Mi GK fvM bv †`‡L Av¯Í GKwU mvB‡K‡ji ¯^cœ †`LZvg| Kivi `ÿZv wb‡q gšÍe¨ ïwb| GK wgwb‡Ui g‡a¨B †fZ‡i wM‡q Avgiv hLb eo n‡q DVwQ, Gfvwi‡÷v cwiev‡ii †Rvovq †Rvovq †ewi‡q AvmZvg| Ic‡ii Zjvq wZbwU †eWiæg| Avgiv hLb eo n‡q DwV, mšÍvb‡`i Ici kwbevi ÔKwgDbvj GwiqvÕ Ñ mevi e¨envh© mvaviY †¯úm Svoy †`Iqvi `vwqZ¡ coj| Avgv‡`i evwowUi hZ eqm wj½ wePv‡i †Rvovq †Rvovq Avgv‡`i Rb¨ iæg eivÏ Kiv †`vlB _vKzK bv †Kb, eiveiB cwi®‹vi-cwi”Qbœ ivLv n‡q‡Q| me nq| GB †d¬v‡i wZb iæg Ñ Avgvi Pvi fvB‡qi `y‡Uv Avi evwo‡ZB †hgb wjwfsiæg Av‡Q, Avgv‡`i †`vZjvq wQj †miKg, evev-gvi GKwU| mevi Ic‡i wP‡j‡KvVvq `ywU iæ‡g Avgvi wZb Z‡e A‡bK eo Ô†i÷ iægÕ Ñ Avgiv mevB GLv‡b Rgv‡qZ n‡q †evb Ges Avwg| GLv‡b †Kv‡bv Iqvkiæg †bB| wP‡j‡KvVvi †Uwjwfkb †`LZvg| ZLb Avgvi gv Aek¨B †eR‡g‡›U †÷v‡f GKwU As‡k i¨v±vm© wQj wKš‘ †d¬vi‡evW© wQj bv| GKw`b evev wP‡j‡KvVvq wKQy GKUv KiwQ‡jb, wKš‘ cv eo KovB‡q kZ b¨vwc Mig cvwb‡Z ay‡q wb‡”Q| †i÷ iæ‡g M¨vm wnwUs, gv‡e©j g¨v‡›Ujwcm Ges Kv‡c©U wQj| Avivg`vqK wQj wcQ‡j †d¬vi †f‡O wb‡Pi Zjvq c‡o hvb| wmwjs‡q GKwU eo e‡U Z‡e cÖvqB †ewk gvby‡li Rb¨ fxwZKi n‡q DVZ, †mvdvq wQ`ª i‡q hvq, hv KL‡bv †givgZ Kiv nqwb| wbwðZ †givgZ AvUwU wkïi wP‡oP¨vÞv PvcvPvwc, PviwU †Q‡ji evqy wbtmi‡Yi Kiv nqwb| cÖwZ‡hvwMZv, hv Zviv g‡b KiZ AnsKv‡ii cÖZxK Ñ `ywe©ln n‡q DVZ Avgv‡`i †m-NiwU| gRvi bq, GKB iKg P‡j‡Q cuvP eQi eq‡m Avwg †QvU‡ev‡bi m‡½ iæg †kqvi Ki‡Z ïiæ Kwi| Avgiv eo n‡jI Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ mg‡SvZv m„wó nqwb eQ‡ii ci eQi| 173 b¤^i evwoi me‡P‡q AvKl©Yxq welq wQj †i÷ iæ‡gi Ñ memgqB AkÖæwm³ †Pv‡L GKRb Ab¨R‡bi weiæ‡× †fZ‡ii m¾v| GK MÖx‡®§ Avgvi †gavex †evb‡K `vwqZ¡ †`Iqv bvwjk Rvbv‡Z wbPZjvq gv‡qi Kv‡Q QyUZvg| hLb wUbGRvi, n‡jv gv_v fv‡jv K‡i Nvwg‡q GB NiUv‡K mvRv‡Z n‡e| iwOb cÖwZivZ m‡Rv‡i eB c‡o bvUKxq ¯^‡i Ave„wË K‡i Ges wb‡Ri DB‡gbm g¨vMvwR‡bi cvZv †QvU †QvU eM©vK…wZi As‡k †K‡U kã‡ÿc‡Yi aŸwb ï‡b Avgvi †ev‡bi Rb¨ h‡_ó hš¿Yvi KviY G¸‡jv me †`qv‡j †mu‡U w`‡jv| †kl ch©šÍ †MvUv KÿwU iwOb n‡qwQ| †m Ny‡gv‡Z cvi‡Q bv Ñ GUv Zvi e¨vcvi, GUv Avgvi †Kvjv‡R cwiYZ n‡jv| Avgiv mevB GB m¾v Aby‡gv`b †Kv‡bv mgm¨v bq| Avgiv hLb GB evwo †Q‡o hvi hvi c‡_ P‡j Kijvg| iægwU‡K we¯§qKi g‡b nw”Qj| Avgv‡`i †i÷ iæ‡gi c‡iiUv Av‡iv eo d«›U iæg; wKš‘ GUv cwiZ¨³ Kÿ| GUv n‡q c‡o evwoi fvMvo| `iRvnxb, AÜKvi, fq-aiv‡bv, ¸nvi g‡Zv GB K‡ÿ evwoi fvOv hZwKQy ¯Í‚c Kiv n‡q‡Q| iv‡Zi †ejv Ic‡i hvIqvi mgq Avwg GB iæ‡gi mvg‡b w`‡q †fuv-†`Šo w`Zvg, cv‡Q AeY©bxq †Kv‡bv Rš‘ GB iæg †_‡K †ewi‡q G‡m Avgv‡K a‡i †d‡j Ñ †mB f‡q| d«›U iæ‡gi m¤ú` `y‡Uv Ñ A¨vw›UK wcqv‡bv, GKUvi m‡½ wcZ‡ji †mŠwLb kvgv`vb hy³ Kiv| Avgiv †KDB wcqv‡bvev`K nBwb; wKš‘ KL‡bv KL‡bv G‡Z UzsUvs Ki‡Z fv‡jv jvMZ| †Kv‡bv GK eQi evev wm×všÍ wb‡jb, G `y‡Uv‡KI †K‡U †dj‡Z n‡e| Kv‡RB †evSv e‡q PgrKvi GB `y‡Uv‡K evMv‡b bvwg‡q Avb‡jb, Kzwc‡q KvU‡jb Ges eýy¨rm‡ei Av¸‡b †cvov‡jb| wKš‘ †Kb? Avgv‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡Z hv‡eb bv| n‡Z cv‡i Avgv‡`i GK AvOz‡j jÿ †KvwUevi evRv‡bv Ô†d«B‡i R¨vKmÕ ïb‡Z ïb‡Z evev nuvwc‡q D‡VwQ‡jb| GKgvÎ Uq‡jUwUI wQj GB †g‡S‡Z| jvB‡b `uvwo‡q _vK‡Z n‡e, hLb Kv‡iv cvjv Avm‡e `ªæZ †fZ‡i XzK‡Z n‡e, gvM©v‡iU A¨vUDW I evb©w`©b Gfvwi‡÷v

120


hvB, †Kej ZLbB Avgiv eÜz n‡Z †c‡iwQ| cv‡ki iæ‡g Avgvi Avi `y‡evb GKwU my‡Zv w`‡q Zv‡`i hvi hvi cwimi fvM K‡i wb‡q‡Q| K`vwPr Avgv‡`i †Kv‡bv AwZw_ G‡m‡Q| Avgvi gv‡qi eÜziv Awfevmx n‡q Ôwe‡`kÕ bv‡gi wewfbœ RvqMvq P‡j †M‡Q, Avi Zuvi cwiev‡ii AwaKvskB gv‡K Avi Zuv‡`i m‡½ Rov‡Z Pvbwb, KviY wZwb me©wbK…ó gvbyl Ñ GK Avwd«Kvb‡K we‡q K‡i‡Qb| Avgvi bvwb Zuvi †g‡qi we‡q eÜ Ki‡Z hv hv Zuvi c‡ÿ Kiv m¤¢e meB K‡i‡Qb| GB we‡q‡Z wZwb fxlYiKg gyl‡o c‡ob| wZwb wb‡R‡K Zuvi AvBwik Bswjk es‡kv™¢~Z kÖwgK †kÖwYi E‡aŸ© cÖwZôv K‡i‡Qb, wb‡R evwoi gvwjK n‡q‡Qb, `wR©i KvR K‡i‡Qb, Avi wb‡R‡K ga¨weË †kÖwYi e‡j Kíbv K‡i‡Qb (†hLv‡b Zuvi ¯^vgx, Avgvi bvbv †hLv‡b †Mvqvjv, †mLv‡b GUv †Kgb K‡i m¤¢e Zv Avgvi †evaMg¨ bq)| Zuvi A‡bK DuPz Avkv wQj Zuvi GKgvÎ mšÍvb, Avgvi gv Ñ †h mvB‡fU ¯‹z‡j e„wË †c‡q‡Q, GKmgq cy‡iv †eZb cv‡e, ga¨weË †kÖwYi m`m¨ n‡e| wZwb KL‡bv Zuvi nZvkv KvwU‡q DV‡Z cv‡ibwb| Avgvi bvwbi evwo‡Z Zuvi GKRb gvÎ bvZwbi GKwU Qwe wQj; †m Avgvi eo †evb, hLb †m wbZvšÍB †QvU wQj ZLbKvi| bvwb Avgv‡`i fv‡jvevm‡Zb, †Kej bvwZ-bvZwb‡`iB; wKš‘ Avgv‡`i Mv‡qi is wb‡q wZwb LyeB jw¾Z _vK‡Zb| Avwg hLb A‡bK †QvU, Avgv‡`i evwo‡Z fvov‡U _vKZ| fvov‡U‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb bvix‡K Avgvi evev-gv Zvwo‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb| Zuviv Avwe®‹vi Ki‡jb, GB bvix Zuvi wkïmšÍvb‡K ûBw¯‹ LvB‡q Nyg cvwo‡q DjDB‡P ˆmb¨‡`i m‡½ dwóbwó Ki‡Z P‡j †hZ| Avi GKRb cyiæl evevi m‡½ ixwZg‡Zv jovB ïiæ K‡iwQj, Zv‡K D‡”Q` Kiv n‡q‡Q| Zvici G‡jv fviZ †_‡K Avmv GKwU cwievi| †MvqvwbR GB cwieviwUi GKwU wK `ywU mšÍvb Av‡Q g‡b K‡i evev-gv `yR‡bB fvov w`‡Z ivwR n‡jb| ga¨iv‡Z Zviv hLb nvwRi n‡jv, mvD`v¤úU‡b †evU †_‡K bvgv GB cwieviwUi †h †Z‡ivwU ev”PvKv”Pv _vK‡Z cv‡i, evev-gv Zv wek¦vmB Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| †Z‡ivR‡bi m‡½ Zv‡`i evev I gv‡qi wekvj Uªyc G‡K G‡K njI‡q c~Y© K‡i †djj| Avgvi evev-gv‡K ab¨ev` w`‡ZB nq, eoiv PvKwi bv cvIqv ch©šÍ mßv‡ni ci mßvn Zuviv GLv‡bB †_‡K‡Qb, †kl ch©šÍ Zuv‡`i mvZRb Avgv‡`i evwo‡Z `y-eQi KvwU‡q †M‡Q| Avgvi eÜz‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb‡KB Avgv‡`i evwo‡Z Avgš¿Y Rvwb‡qwQ, †m n‡”Q †Rwb, GL‡bv †m Avgvi fv‡jv eÜz| Avgvi g‡Zv ZLbKvi wkïi `„wó‡Z †Rwb‡`i evwoUv wQj GKUz †QvU AvKv‡ii ivRcÖvmv‡`i g‡Zv Ñ gyi‡`i cÖvmv`, ¯^v¯’¨Ki

¯’vb eø¨vKwn‡_ AuvKveuvKv cÖvB‡fU d¬vBIfv‡ii av‡i `wÿY-c~e© jÛ‡bi GUvB me‡P‡q AwfRvZ GjvKv| Zv‡`i †PvL auvav‡bv evwoi †g‡SUv‡K g‡b n‡q‡Q cwjk Kiv RgvU eid| GL‡bv Avwg fvwe, Avgvi RivRxY© wbevm †`‡L †m ZLb Kx †f‡e‡Q| evwoi Ae¯’vi wKQzUv cwieZ©b NUv‡Z evev‡K ivwR Kiv‡bvi Rb¨ gv Zuvi mva¨g‡Zv †Póv K‡i‡Qb; wKš‘ evev †Zv wQ‡jb GK¸u‡q, wcZ…Zvwš¿KZvi cÖwZf‚, Kv‡RB Zuvi B‡”QB †kl ch©šÍ envj †_‡K‡Q| Gi A‡bKUv KviY mvs¯‹…wZK msNl©| Avgvi gv Ggb RvqMv †_‡K D‡V G‡m‡Qb, hv‡`i wek¦vm Ñ ÔBs‡i‡Ri evwo n‡”Q Zvi `yM©Õ| Avi evev G‡m‡Qb Ggb GK †`k †_‡K hv Bsj¨vÛ bq| MÖx®§gÐjxq bvB‡Rwiqvi evB‡i A‡bK gvbyl evm K‡i| bvB‡Rwiqvq PgrKvi †Mvjv‡ci †Svc jvjb Kiv Ges `y-GK eQi cici Ni is Kivi †P‡q A‡bK t Riæwi KvR c‡o Av‡Q| 1991 mv‡j Avwg hLb cÖ_g bvB‡Rwiqv‡Z Gjvg, Avwe®‹vi Kijvg, Avgvi evevi wKQy wKQy AMÖnY‡hvM¨ e¨env‡ii meUzKzB Zuvi wbR¯^ bq, GUv mvs¯‹…wZK| ˆkk‡e Zuvi ms¯‹…wZ| Zuvi HwZn¨| Gme m¤ú‡K© Avwg wKQyB RvbZvg bv| ÿz`ª ÿz`ª mü`q ÿgvi Rb¨ Avwg Ck¦i‡K ab¨ev` w`B| Avgvi eo‡`i mvg‡b nuvUz †M‡o emv, wKsev fw³‡Z ï‡q covi g‡Zv e¨vcv‡i Avgvi wb‡R‡K nZ¨v Ki‡Z B‡”Q Ki‡Q| 173 b¤^i evwowU GLb Avi †bB| beŸB‡qi `k‡Ki ïiæi w`‡K evwoUv wewµ n‡q †M‡Q, †W‡fjcvi evwowU ¸uwo‡q w`‡q †mB Rwg‡Z GKwU wewìs eøK K‡i‡Q| Avgv‡K hw` GLb my‡hvM †`Iqv nq Avwg wK Avgvi ˆkke e`jve? G-evwo e`‡j wfbœ †Kv‡bv evwo? wfbœ GKRb evev? Av‡iv KgmsL¨K fvB‡evb? evwR ai‡j eje, GKUv mg‡qi Rb¨ Ônu¨vÕ| wKš‘ GLb? Px‡bi me Pv w`‡q w`‡jI bv| [evb©vw`©b Gfvwi‡÷v 2019 mv‡ji eyKvi cyi¯‹vi weRqx K_vmvwnwZ¨K| cyi¯‹…Z Dcb¨vmwUi bvg Mvj©, Ig¨vb, Av`vi| evb©vw`©‡bi Rb¥ jÛ‡b 1959 mv‡j, evev bvB‡Rwiqvb Awfevmx, gv Bs‡iR Ges mv`v| wgkÖgvbyl n‡jI Kv‡jvi hvZbv wb‡qB AvU fvB‡ev‡bi m‡½ Zuv‡KI †e‡o DV‡Z n‡q‡Q| wZwb †jLK, m¤úv`K I wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wkÿK| Zuvi weL¨vZ Dcb¨vm : jvfvig¨vb, n¨v‡jv gvg Ges `¨ Ggcvqvivm© †ee| wZwb gvM©v‡iU A¨vUD‡Wi m‡½ cyi¯‹vi fvMvfvwM K‡i‡Qb|] r

121


g¨v b ey Kv i

gvbyl Mí wb‡q Rb¥MÖnY K‡i : gvM©v‡iU A¨vUDW Gg G †gv‡gb

gv

M©v‡iU A¨vUDW 19 eQi ci Avev‡iv eyKvi mvwnZ¨ cyi¯‹viwU †c‡jb| Gevi Aek¨ evb©vw`©b Gfvwi‡÷vi m‡½ Zuv‡K cyi¯‹viwU fvM K‡i wb‡Z n‡q‡Q| gvM©v‡iU A¨vUD‡Wi Dcb¨vmwUi bvg `¨ †U÷v‡g›Um| 2000 mv‡j †h-Dcb¨vm Zuv‡K eyKvi G‡b w`‡qwQj Zvi bvg `¨ eøvBÛ A¨vmvwmb| G-eQi m¤¢ve¨ †bv‡ej cyi¯‹vi weRqx‡`i wb‡q wek¦e¨vcx †h-Av‡jvPbv wQj gvM©v‡iU kxl© KR‡bi g‡a¨B wQ‡jb| KeQi Av‡M KvbvwWqvb Jcb¨vwmK Gwjm gyb‡ivi †bv‡ej cyi¯‹vicÖvwß gvM©v‡i‡Ui cÖvwßi m¤¢vebv‡K wcwQ‡q w`‡q‡Q e‡j we‡kølKiv g‡b K‡ib, hw`I cwiwPwZ I mvwnZ¨gv‡b wZwb Gwjm gyb‡ivi †P‡q eis GwM‡qB wQ‡jb e‡j Zuv‡`i aviYv| gvM©v‡iU A¨vUDW ÔWvej eyKviÕ cvIqv PZz_© mvwnwZ¨K| Aci wZbRb n‡jb Ñ †R Gg †Kv‡qUwR, wnjvwi g¨v‡›Uj I wcUvi K¨vwi| cy‡iv bvg gvM©v‡iU Gwjbi A¨vUDW, Rb¥ KvbvWvi A‡Uvqvq, 18 b‡f¤^i 1939-G| evev Kvj© GWgÛ A¨vUDW GKRb KxUZË¡we`, gv gvM©v‡iU W‡ivw_ cywówe‡klÁ| KxUZË¡we` evevi m‡½ KxU-AbymÜv‡b Ai‡Y¨i m‡½ cwiwPwZ, evev Zuvi Rxe‡b GKwU we‡kl cÖfve| Aóg †MÖW ch©šÍ wbqwgZ ¯‹z‡j fwZ© nbwb| hLb n‡jb, Aíw`‡bi g‡a¨B wm×v‡šÍ †cuŠQ‡jb Zuvi Rxeb n‡e †ckvRxex †jL‡Ki Rxeb| hLb Ui‡›Uv wek¦we`¨vj‡q G‡jb, KweZv I cÖeÜ wj‡L wZwb ZLbB L¨vwZgvb| 1961 mv‡j MÖ¨vRy‡qkb n‡jv, †mBm‡½ cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ Kve¨MÖš’ Wvej cvwm©‡dvb Zuv‡K

122


mvwnZ¨ cyi¯‹vi I L¨vwZ G‡b †`q| nvf©v‡W©i i¨vUwK¬d K‡jR †_‡K mœvZ‡KvËi wWwMÖ MÖnY K‡ib| wcGBP.wW ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb, wKš‘ w_wmm iPbvi †P‡q mvwnZ¨ iPbv †ewk Riæwi n‡q covq wWwMÖUv Avi †bIqv nqwb| wZwb wbR †`‡k me ai‡bi cÖMwZkxj Av‡›`vj‡bi m‡½ cÖZ¨ÿ I c‡ivÿfv‡e RwoZ wQ‡jb, wZwb mbvZb Z‡Ë¡i evB‡i GKRb bvixev`x, D`vicwš’ I MYZš¿x| K‡qKwU mvÿvrKv‡ii Ask Ges Zuvi wb‡Ri wKQy K_v GB iPbvq AšÍfz©³ Kiv n‡q‡Q| gvM©v‡iU A¨vUDW KweZv w`‡q ïiæ K‡i‡Qb, mgvR I gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi A¨vw±wf÷ wn‡m‡e wb‡R‡K cÖwZwôZ K‡i‡Qb; wKš‘ †kl ch©šÍ Zuvi wek¦cwiwPwZ Kwei bq, cÖvew܇Ki bq, bvixev`xi bq Ñ Jcb¨vwm‡Ki| wZwb g‡b K‡ib, Mí I Kvwnwb gvby‡li AšÍtmË¡vq ¯^qswµqfv‡eB †cÖvw_Z n‡q _v‡K Ges Ôgvbyl Mí wb‡q Rb¥MÖnY K‡iÕ| GgbwK KvM‡R-Kj‡g †jLK bv n‡qI gvbyl ¯^v”Q‡›`¨ GKUvi ci GKUv Mí e‡j †h‡Z cv‡i| wZwb kw³‡K †`‡L‡Qb k‡ãi g‡a¨ : GKwUi ci GKwU kã Zvici Av‡iKwU Zvici kw³| Amvgvb¨ Zuvi mgvR we‡kølY : mvgvwRK w¯’wZkxjZv hw` bvkcvwZi AvK…wZi nq Zvn‡j gvbyl‡K ˆbivR¨ I GKbvq‡Ki kvm‡bi GKwU‡K †e‡Q wb‡Z nq| GgbwK e¨w³MZ ¯^vaxbZv wemR©b w`‡Z n‡jI AwaKvsk gvbyl wbivcËv‡K †e‡Q †bq| wZwb Av‡iv e‡j‡Qb, GKwU m‡Z¨i e`‡j GKvwaK mZ¨I _vK‡Z cv‡i, wKš‘ Zvi gv‡b GB bq †h ev¯ÍeZv weivR K‡i bv| Zuvi mgKv‡ji †jLKiv †KD †KD Zuv‡K Ôcvi‡dKkwb÷Õ e‡j _v‡Kb| Zuvi Reve, hw` Ôcvi‡dKkwb÷Õ nZvg Zvn‡j GKwU kãI wjL‡Z cviZvg bv| Zuvi Dcb¨vm¸‡jv n‡”Q Ñ `¨ GwWej I‡gb (1969), mv‡d©wms (1972), †jwW IivKj (1976), jvBd we‡dvi g¨vb (1979), ewWwj nvg© (1981), `¨ n¨vÛ‡gBWÕm †UBj (1985), K¨vUÕm AvB (1988), `¨ ievi eªvBW (1993), Gwjqvm †MÖm (1996), `¨ eøvBÛ A¨vmvwmb (2000), Awi· A¨vÛ µ¨vK (2003), `¨ †cwb‡jv‡cBW (2005), `¨ Bqvi Ae `¨ d¬vW (2009), g¨vWA¨vWvg (2013), `¨ nvU© †MŠR jv÷ (2015), n¨vM-wmW (2016), `¨ †U÷v‡g›Um (2019)| 1982 mv‡j †bIqv †Rv eªvb‡mi mvÿvrKvi †_‡K Ñ cÖkœ : Avcwb wK †dwgwb÷ †jLK? DËi : †dwgwb÷ kãwU w`‡q †Zv GLb `ywbqvi mewKQyiB gv‡b Kiv nq| †KD hw` g‡b K‡i, Gi gv‡b cyiæl‡K cvnv‡oi k„½ †_‡K †d‡j w`‡Z n‡e Ñ GUvI wVK; Avevi †KD hw` g‡b K‡i, Gi gv‡b †g‡q‡`i co‡Z n‡e wjL‡Z n‡e Ñ †mUvI wVK| Gi meB †dwgwb÷ Ae¯’vb ejv †h‡Z cv‡i| AvdMvwb¯Ív‡bi bvix‡`i Rb¨ cov‡jLv †mLvbKvi cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z ˆecøweK| Kv‡RB Avcwb Kx Rvb‡Z Pv‡”Qb?

cÖkœ : Avwg Avevi ej‡Z †Póv KiwQ| Avwg G-cÖ‡kœ hv †evSv‡Z Pvw”Q Zv n‡jv, Avcwb wK Avcbvi †jLvq †dwgwb÷ Ae¯’vb ev †dwgwb÷ cÖPviYv Pvwj‡q hv‡”Qb? DËi : Avwg g‡b Kwi bv †Kv‡bv Jcb¨vwmKB AvZ¥MZfv‡e G-ai‡bi Rxe| Rxe‡bi ch©‡eÿY †_‡K Jcb¨vwmKiv KvR K‡i _v‡Kb| Jcb¨vwmK wn‡m‡e hLb Rxeb ch©‡eÿY K‡ib ZLb A‡bK welq Zuvi †Pv‡L c‡o, hv e‡j †`q bvix‡K cyiæ‡li g‡Zv mgvb g‡b Kiv n‡”Q bv| Z‡e GUv Av‡m ch©‡eÿY †_‡K, fvev`k©MZ ZË¡K_v †_‡K bq| Avwg 1956 mv‡j wjL‡Z ïiæ Kwi| Avgvi †jLv‡jwLi Rxe‡b 1970 mvj ch©šÍ bvixi †Kv‡bv Av‡›`vjb wQj bv| †mB †Pv‡Ïv eQ‡ii †jLv‡jwLi K_v fveyb GLb, Ab¨w`‡K Avcbv‡K †Póv K‡i ¯úófv‡e msÁvwqZ Ki‡Z n‡e Ñ Avwg †mme bvixi GKRb bB whwb ej‡eb, †ek, Avwg hLb GUv Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ, †h-†Kv‡bv bvixi Zv Ki‡Z cviv DwPZ; Gme wb‡q GZ N¨vbN¨vb †Kb? Ñ †mUv we‡eP¨ bq, GgbwK Avwg bvix-Av‡›`vj‡bi weiæ‡×I bB| Av‡›`vjb fv‡jv, †`‡L Avwg Lywk| wKš‘ Avcwb †Kv‡bv ivR‰bwZK `‡ji jvB‡b hv wjL‡Qb GUv Zvi †P‡q wfbœ| bvix-†jLK‡`i huv‡`i Avwg Rvwb Ges huv‡`i wbqwgZB †dwgwb÷ AvL¨v †`Iqv n‡”Q Zuv‡`i †KDB ej‡eb bv †h, Zuviv Kv‡iv cvwU©jvB‡b cvwU©i fvev`k© a‡i wjL‡Qb| Zuviv hv Ki‡Qb, Zuv‡`i KvR‡K Zuviv Gfv‡e †`‡Lb bv|

123


cÖkœ : Avcbvi †jLvq †cÖMb¨vwÝ Ñ Mf©ve¯’vi gv‡b Kx? A‡bK †jLv‡Z †hgb jvBd we‡dvi g¨vb Ges GKwU †QvUMí ÔwMwfs ev‡_©Õ †cÖMb¨vwÝi A_© A‡bK Mfxi I wewPÎ| DËi : wVKB Av‡Q, †g‡qiv mšÍvb Rb¥ w`‡Z cv‡i, †Q‡jiv cv‡i bv| Avwg QvovI Av‡iv eû gvby‡li bR‡i Zv G‡m‡Q| ÔwMwfs ev_©Õ M‡í †h-bvixi `„wó‡KvY †_‡K MíUv ejv n‡”Q Zvi Rb¨ mšÍvb Rb¥`vb we¯§qKi; wKš‘ †m †h QvqvPwi·K G-K_v e‡j Zvi Rb¨ we¯§qKi bq, A¯^w¯ÍKi| Avgvi Mí hv ej‡Z Pvq Zv n‡”Q, ejc~e©K †cÖMb¨vwÝ e‡j wKQy fvlv‡Z †bB| †h-aviYvwU Avgv‡`i †bB, wKš‘ ev¯Í‡e Gi Aw¯ÍZ¡ i‡q‡Q| Kv‡RB Avwg wK eje bv †cÖMb¨vwÝ mevi Rb¨ `viæY e¨vcvi Ñ hw`I Avgiv Rvwb Zv mevi †ejvq wVK bq| †h-bvix †cÖMb¨vwÝi cÖwµqvi ga¨ w`‡q †h‡Z Pvq Zvi Rb¨ GUv `viæY| Rxe‡bi me KvR‡KB Gfv‡e †`Lv hvq| cÖkœ : jvBd we‡dvi g¨vb Dcb¨v‡mi ÔjvmvÕ GKwU welq cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ †cÖMb¨v›U n‡q‡Q| DËi : GKUv mgq wQj, Avgiv hZUv ¯^xKvi Kwi Zvi †P‡q †ewkmsL¨K bvix Ggb GKwU welq cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ †cÖMb¨v›U n‡Zv, †cÖMb¨v›U n‡Zv we‡q Kivi Rb¨| kUMvb we‡qi K_v g‡b Av‡Q †Zv? cÖkœ : ÔwMwfs ev_©Õ M‡í G·Uªv I‡g‡bi †cÖMb¨v›U nIqvi D‡Ïk¨ Kx? DËi : ¯§iY Kiæb GKUv mgq wQj hLb ejv n‡Zv bvix‡K †cÖMb¨v›U n‡Z n‡e Zvi bvix‡Z¡i c~Y©Zv jv‡fi Rb¨| GUv Avgvi cQ›` bq| GUvI Avgvi cQ›` bq hLb ejv n‡Zv, bvixi †cÖMb¨v›U nIqv DwPZ bq Ñ †cÖMb¨v›U nIqv GKwU †dwgwb÷we‡ivax KvR| Avwg Avgvi bvixev`‡K mvg¨ Ges cQ‡›`i ¯^vaxbZv w`‡q †`L‡Z PvB| cÖkœ : KweZv wjL‡Z emv Avi wdKkb wjL‡Z emvi e¨vcviUv †Kgb? DËi : Avwg †Kv‡bv ZvwË¡K †jLK bB| Avwg †Kv‡bvfv‡eB Kg©m~wPwfwËK †jLKI bB| Avwg KL‡bv wb‡Ri Rb¨ †QvULv‡Uv welq wba©viY Kwi bv †h GUvi ci IUv Kie| cÖkœ : †hgb KweZv `y‡Uv †_‡K wZb‡U Ñ GiKg wKQy bq| DËi : Avwg mvaviYZ cÖPzi wjwL| †h-eBwU Avgvi KweZvMÖš’ wn‡m‡e co‡Qb, GUv A‡bK cÖwZkÖæZ n‡q GLv‡b †cuŠ‡Q‡Q| ïiæ‡Z Gi wظY wQj| cÖwµqvi †klw`‡K G‡m Avgvi Kv‡Q cÖZxqgvb nq, †Kvb dg©Uv GLvb †_‡K DwÌZ n‡”Q| cÖkœ : wdKk‡bi †ejv‡ZI wK ZvB K‡ib? A‡bK †j‡Lb? DËi : Avwg cÖPzi wjwL| cÖ_g WªvdUUv `ªæZB †m‡i †dwj, Zvici †`wL †Kgb `uvovj; Gi Ici KvR ïiæ Kwi, wifvBR Kwi| Avwg †mme †jv‡Ki g‡Zv bB huviv KvW© c~iY K‡i wjL‡Z e‡mb wKsev w`‡b GK Kv‡W©i welq wdKk‡b wb‡q Avm‡eb Ñ Avwg Zuv‡`i g‡ZvI bB| cÖkœ : Avcwb cwieZ©b, weeZ©b, cybR©b¥ BZ¨vw`i Rv‡j wK AvU‡K Av‡Qb? bi_ªc d«vB‡qi m‡½ Avcwb cov‡kvbv K‡i‡Qb| wZwb wK Avcbv‡K †Kv‡bvfv‡e cÖfvweZ K‡i‡Qb? Avcbvi wPšÍvaviv wK Zuvi MVb Kiv? DËi : bv| GUv eis GB m‡Z¨i m‡½ m¤ú„³ Ñ Avgvi evev wQ‡jb RxeweÁvbx Avi AvgviUv wQj cov‡kvbvi ˆkke| Avwg wMÖg eªv`v‡m©i me iƒcK_v, wMÖK cyivY c‡owQ, evB‡e‡ji Kvwnwb Ges Av‡iv A‡bK welq Avgvi Avq‡Ë wQj| wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Z…Zxq e‡l©i Av‡M bi_ªc d«vB Avgvi Rxe‡b Avm‡Z cv‡ibwb, ZZw`‡b Avgvi †jLv‡jwLi Pvi-cuvP eQi †cwi‡q †M‡Q| cÖkœ : Avcwb e‡j‡Qb, †lv‡jv‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Qb| Ab¨ †Kv_vI

124

c‡owQ Dwbk| DËi : †lv‡jv‡Z wjL‡Z ïiæ Kwi, Dwbk-Kzwo‡Z cÖKvkbvi ïiæ| Avgvi ïiæ nvB¯‹z‡jB, cÖ_g KweZvwU †kwj, evqi‡bi †jLvi g‡Zv, KviY †m-mgq G¸‡jvB Avwg cowQjvg| Z‡e Gme wel‡q Avgvi AvMÖn mÂvwiZ n‡q‡Q evevi m‡½ mwZ¨Kv‡ii RxeweÁv‡bi cÖwkÿY †_‡K, †jLv‡jwLi †Kv‡bv cÖwkÿY †_‡K bq| 1978 mv‡j †bIqv R‡qm K¨v‡ivj IU‡mi mvÿvrKvi †_‡K Ñ cÖkœ : Avcbvi †cÖÿvcU Kx? Avcbvi cwievi wK †jLv‡jwL‡Z Avcbv‡K Drmvn w`‡q‡Q? DËi : 1939 mv‡j †MÖ Kvc dzUej †kl nIqvi ciciB Avgvi Rb¥| Q-gvm ci wc‡V Pwo‡q Avgv‡K KzB‡eK Ai‡Y¨ wb‡q hvIqv nq; Avwg Ai‡Y¨ †e‡o DwV, KL‡bv A‡Uvqv, g¨vwi Ges Ui‡›Uvi †fZ‡i, KL‡bv evB‡i| Aóg †MÖ‡W IVvi Av‡M ch©šÍ †Kv‡bv K¬v‡mB eQi cy‡iv Ki‡Z cvwiwb| GUv Aek¨B Avgvi Rb¨ my‡hvM| Avgvi evev-gv `yRbB G‡m‡Qb †bvfv ¯‹wkqv †_‡K| Avgvi Ôewa©Z cwieviÕ †mLv‡b emevm Ki‡Q Ñ Avgvi GK fvB wbI‡ivwdwRIjwR÷, Ui‡›Uv‡Z evm K‡i| Avgvi eqm hLb 11 eQi, ZLb Avgvi †h-†evbwUi Rb¥ nq †mI Ui‡›Uv‡Z _v‡K| Avgvi eqm hLb cuvP eQi, ZLb wjL‡Z ïiæ Kwi| Z‡e 8 †_‡K 16 eQi †jLv‡jwLi AÜKvi mgq ejv hvq Ñ G-mgq Avwg wjwLwb| 16 eQi eq‡m Avevi ïiæ Kijvg; wKš‘ †Kb ej‡Z cvie bv| nVvr ZLb g‡b n‡jv †jLv‡jwLB GKgvÎ KvR, hv Avwg Ki‡Z cvwi| Avgvi evev-gv eogv‡ci cvVK| Zuviv Avgv‡K †jLK n‡Z DrmvwnZ K‡ibwb, Z‡e Avgvi eyw×gËv I mvg‡_©¨i weKv‡k Drmvn RywM‡q‡Qb Avi Zuviv we‡q Kivi Rb¨ Avgv‡K Pvc †`bwb| Ab¨vb¨ bvixi m‡½ Avgvi †h-AwfÁZv Zvi m‡½ Avgvi gv‡qiUv †gjv‡j GUv ¯úó n‡q I‡V, gv wQ‡jb fxlY e¨wZµgagx© GK bvix| g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e, Avwg †h-mg‡qi K_v ejwQ Zv cÂv‡ki `kK, hLb we‡q‡KB Rxe‡bi GKgvÎ cÖvw_©Z jÿ¨ g‡b Kiv n‡Zv| Avgvi gv wQ‡jb Lye cÖvYešÍ bvix, whwb †g‡S NlvNwl K‡i cwi®‹vi Kivi e`‡j †¯‹wUs Ki‡Z †ewk cQ›` Ki‡Zb| †hŠe‡b gv wQ‡jb Avm‡j GKUv †M‡Qv †g‡q, ZviciI e`jvbwb| Avgvi evev weÁvbx, A‡bK BwZnvm co‡Zb| Zuvi gbUv wQj †Rgm R‡q‡mi BDwjwm‡mi KwíZ PwiÎ wjI‡cvì eøy‡gi g‡Zv| Z‡e Avwg hZUzKz Rvwb, evevi †jLv GKgvÎ KweZvwU Awgj Q‡›`i, †fZ‡i cÖPzi nvwmVvÆv| hLb KweZvwU †j‡Lb ZLb d¬z‡Z fzMwQ‡jb| cÖkœ : iƒcK_v, Mw_K †ivgvÝ, wKsev Ab¨ †Kv‡bv d¨v›Uvwm wK Avcbvi cov‡kvbvi †cÖÿvcU wn‡m‡e †Rvi`vi f‚wgKv †i‡L‡Q? DËi : Mw_K mvwnZ¨ Ñ AwZcÖvK…wZK d¨v›Uvwm Ges G-ai‡bi †jLv wKQyKvj Avgv‡K AvMÖnvwš^Z K‡i‡Q| Avm‡j Avgvi Amgvß wcGBP.wW w_wm‡mi bvg Ô`¨ Bswjk †gUvwdwRK¨vj †ivgvÝÕ| Gi m‡½ Avgvi Qq eQi eq‡mi ˆkk‡ei m¤úK© _vK‡ZI cv‡i, bvI cv‡i| Avgv‡`i †`Iqv n‡q‡Q wMÖg fvB‡`i iƒcK_v Ñ ALÐ ms¯‹iY| Avgvi †evb GB eB wb‡q Lye AvZw¼Z wQj, wKš‘ Avgvi Zv fv‡jv jvMZ| Gme hw`I wkï‡`i Mí, hv eoiv †kvbvZ, Gi g‡a¨ A‡bK welq Zviv wb‡RivB ev` w`Z Ñ Zviv g‡b KiZ Gme wVK wkï‡`i Dchy³ bq| GL‡bv wKQy wKQy welq wb‡q Avgv‡`i Zv-B aviYv| GUv wVK i³v³ wKQy bq Ñ KuvUvIqvjv e¨v‡ij wb‡q Mov‡Z Mov‡Z cvnv‡oi cv`‡`‡k †b‡g G‡jv| Avgvi me‡P‡q wcÖq Mí wQj Ô`¨ Rywbcvi wUªÕ, GL‡bv wcÖq| Gi Lye KvQvKvwQ wcÖq GKwU Mí ÔwdPvm© evW©Õ| GB Mí¸‡jv wb‡q Av‡iv GKwU gRvi welq n‡”Q, G¸‡jv


K‡i fv‡eb| (gvM©v‡i‡Ui evev RxeweÁvbx, KxUZË¡we`) * KvbvWv n‡”Q GKwU †ejyb-wQ`ªKvix †`k| hZÿY bv †KD wb‡R‡K g~L© cÖgvY Ki‡Z cvi‡Q, Zv‡K AvBKb nIqvi AbygwZ †`Iqv n‡e bv| * nvf©vW© wek¦we`¨vj‡q Avgvi me‡kl wcÖq welq wQj wf‡±vwiqvb mvwnZ¨| * gvby‡li m„ó mKj cÖhyw³i GKwU AÜKvi w`K _v‡K Ñ GgbwK wZi-aby‡KiI| * Avgv‡`i Ávb GZ †ewk we‡klvwqZ n‡q c‡o‡Q †h, hw` nVvr Av‡jv P‡j hvq, mgm¨v n‡”Q, Gici Kx Ki‡Z n‡e eûmsL¨K gvby‡liB Zv Rvbv †bB| * Avgvi Avi GKwU wek¦vm n‡”Q, Avgvi eqmx mevB cÖvßeq¯‹, AvwgB †Kej Rb¥‡e‡k AvwQ| ÿgZvkvjx cyiæl‡K ÔAvgvi KweZv ïiæ nq †mme *fvweAvgivRvZGL‡bv †bZv, Avi ÿgZvkvjx kã w`‡q, hvi aŸwbi Av‡e`b bvix‡K fvwe anomaly| * wKQy wKQy gvbyl åvwšÍekZ g‡b †ewk, A‡_©i bq| Avgvi Kv‡Q K‡i, cÖK…wZ Lye PgrKvi D`vi Ges KL‡bv wek¦vm K‡i bv| MwZkxjZv Ges KweZv‡K * Avkvev` gv‡b ev¯ÍeZvi †P‡q fvlvq cÖKvk KivUv †ewk fv‡jv, nZvkvev` gv‡b ev¯ÍeZvi †P‡q Lvivc| Avwg ev¯Íeev`x| ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| Z‡e AvaywbK * mwVK gyn~‡Z©i A‡cÿvq hw` _v‡Kv †Zvgvi GKUv wKQy †jLv n‡e bv, Kwe‡`i g‡Zv Avwg Q›`‡K KviY †m-mgqUv Avm‡e bv| Avgvi jyKvB, cO&w³i gvSLv‡b †Kv‡bv iæwUb †bB| Avgvi dzjcÖæd †Kv‡bvwKQy †bB| dzjcÖæd e‡jI wb‡q Avwm| ...Õ wKQy †bB| * Avwg wf‡±vwiqvb mvwn‡Z¨i MÖ¨vRy‡qU wkÿv_x© wQjvg Ges wf‡±vwiqvb Jcb¨vwmKiv †hgb Rxeb I †jLv‡jwL wb‡q : wek¦vm K‡ib, Dcb¨vm †Kej * bvqK‡`i bvq‡KvwPZ cwiwPwZ cÖwZôv Ki‡Z `vb‡ei cÖ‡qvRb e¨w³MZ Awfe¨w³ cÖKv‡ki evnb bq, cixÿv I ch©‡eÿ‡Yi Rb¨I, AvgviI GKB wek¦vm| Avwg `„pfv‡e GUvB wek¦vm Kwi| nq| bvqK wn‡m‡e DËi‡Yi Rb¨ AvZ¼RbK wKQy `iKvi| * MíK_b _vwg‡q †`Iqvi †Kv‡bv Dcvq †bB, GUv gvbe * mvwn‡Z¨i aib †Kv‡bv Ave× ev· bq, me mgqB| * i¨vq eª¨vWevwi Ges GWcvi A¨v‡jb †cvi cÖwZ Avwg cÿcvZ`yó cwiKíbvq †cÖvw_Z, Avgiv Mí wb‡q Rb¥MÖnY Kwi| * mKj wdKkb gvbyl wb‡q, hw` bv Li‡Mvk wb‡R‡`i gvbyl e‡j wQjvg| Avgvi Lye wcÖq n‡q DV‡jb d«vb&R KvdKv| fvb K‡i| Gi meUvB n‡”Q KvRK‡g© e¨¯Í wKQy PwiÎ Ñ gv‡b * cyivY Abyev` Kiv hvq bv| KviY Zv msNwUZ n‡q‡Q cÖvPxb PwiÎ mg‡qi ga¨ w`‡q G‡Mvq, †mLv‡b cwieZ©b N‡U, Avgiv g„wËKvq| Avgiv †Kej Avgv‡`i mg‡q Avgv‡`i gv‡bUv Lyu‡R †ei Ki‡Z cvwi| GUv‡KB cøU ewj| * Avwg hLb wdKkb wjwL, g‡b Kwi Avwg A‡bK mymsMwVZ, * †Pv‡Li e`‡j †PvL †Kej AÜZ¡ evov‡Z cv‡i| * Avgv‡K hw` †Kv‡bv a‡g© ag©všÍwiZ n‡Z nq Zvn‡j m¤¢eZ A‡bK †ewk c×wZ-Abymvix Ñ Dcb¨vm iPbvi mgq Zv-B n‡Z Avwg wLªóvb K¨v_wjwmR‡gi w`‡K hve, KviY G‡Z AšÍZ nq| KweZv †jLvi e¨vcviUvq ¯^vaxbZv A‡bK †ewk| bvix-mš‘ Av‡Qb Ges fvwR©b †gwiI Av‡Qb| * cÖ”Q‡` hw` †¯úmwkc _v‡K, Avwg †fZ‡iI †¯úmwkc PvBe; * Avwg d¬vk MW©b Ges mv‡qÝ wdKk‡bi †mvbvwj hy‡M †e‡o Avwg cÖ”Q‡` WªvMb †`L‡j †fZ‡i WªvMb PvB Ñ Avwg Avgvi D‡VwQ| (d¬vk MW©b Av‡gwiKvb dzUejvi, hv‡K ¯‹vBR¨vK K‡i Kb‡d¬K‡mi c¨v‡KU¸‡jvi †fZ‡i cv_i-bywo †`L‡Z PvB bv| gnvk~‡b¨ wb‡q hvIqv nq) * GKwU k‡ãi ci Avi GKwU kã Zvici Av‡iKwU Ñ GB * Avwg RxeweÁvbx‡`i m‡½ †e‡o D‡VwQ, Avwg Rvwb Zuviv †Kgb n‡”Q kw³| r cÖ_vMZ Ges eûj wjwLZ Mí; †hgb ÔwmÛv‡ijvÕ Ges ÔwjUj †iW ivBwWs û‡WÕi bvwqKv‡`i g‡Zv Zviv bq, Zviv h‡_ó eyw×gËvi AwaKvix, kw³kvjx Ges mvaviYZ Zviv wR‡ZB _v‡K| Zviv †ek ag©vPvix, †mRb¨ wRZ‡Q bv, wRZ‡Q gv_v LvwU‡q| †mLv‡b `yó Rv`yKi Ges `yóz WvBwbI Av‡Q, Gme wb‡q Avwg KL‡bv wjL‡Z PvB| wVK GB wel‡qB Avgvi GKwU wbeÜ i‡q‡Q, m¤úÖwZ nvf©vW© BDwbfvwm©wU †cÖm †_‡K cÖKvwkZ `¨ KvbvwWqvb BgvwR‡bkb MÖ‡š’, Avgvi †jLvwUi bvg Ñ ÔKvbvwWqvb gb÷vm©| mvg Avm‡c±m Ae `¨ mycvib¨vPvivj Bb KvbvwWqvb wdKkb|Õ cÖkœ : Kwe wn‡m‡e Avcwb KZUv cÖfvevwš^Z? Avcwb cÖv_wgKfv‡e Ô†cv‡qwUª Ae wgDwRKÕ Ges Ô†cv‡qwUª Ae †÷U‡g‡›UÕ AvMÖnx? DËi : nvB¯‹zj Rxe‡b Avgvi Ici GWMvi A¨v‡jb †cvi cÖfve| Avwg hLb KweZv wjL‡Z ïiæ Kwi, ZLb †hgb aiæb 1910-Gi ci huviv KweZv wj‡L L¨vwZgvb, Avwg Zuv‡`i Kv‡iv bvgB ïwbwb| Avgvi Kv‡Q KweZv Ôi¨vkbvjÕ Kvh©µg bq, eis †kvbvi g‡Zv welq| Avgvi KweZv ïiæ nq †mme kã w`‡q, hvi aŸwbi Av‡e`b †ewk, A‡_©i bq| Avgvi Kv‡Q MwZkxjZv Ges KweZv‡K fvlvq cÖKvk KivUv †ewk ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| Z‡e AvaywbK Kwe‡`i g‡Zv Avwg Q›`‡K jyKvB, cO&w³i gvSLv‡b wb‡q Avwm| ...

125


¯§ i Y

lv‡Ui Kwe nvqvr mvBd

GKwU DcµgwYKv dqRyj jwZd †PŠayix

we

sk kZvãxi lv‡Ui `k‡Ki Kwe wn‡m‡e huv‡`i Kcv‡j wZjK KvUv n‡q‡Q, nvqvr mvBd Zuv‡`iB GKRb| Gu‡`i A‡b‡K Kwe wn‡m‡e †hŠe‡bB cÖwmw× jvf K‡i‡Qb, A‡b‡KB KweZvi A½b cwiZ¨vM K‡i‡Qb| iwdK AvRv`, Ave`yj gvbœvb ˆmq`, †ejvj †PŠayix, †gvnv¤§` iwdK, iweDj nymvBb, Avmv` †PŠayix c~ev© ci KweR‡bvwPZ Rxebhvcb K‡i‡Qb| wmK`vi Avwgbyj nKI| mˇii `k‡KB Zuv‡`i KweZ¡ cÖwZwôZ n‡q †M‡Q, Kwehk AwR©Z n‡q‡Q| Zuv‡`i AbyR gnv‡`e mvnv, wbg©‡j›`y MyY, Aveyj nvmvb, Avwe` AvRv` cÖgLy I `ªæZ cÖwZôvi gyL`k©b K‡i‡Qb| cieZx©Kv‡j ˆmq` kvgmyj nKI Kwe wn‡m‡e cwie¨vß cÖwZôv jvf K‡i‡Qb| Zuv‡`i Kve¨vewji KZUzKz Lv` KZUzKz †mvbv, mg‡qi wbg©g Kwócv_‡i Zv ciL nIqvi Rb¨ A‡cÿv Ki‡Z n‡e| Ab¨w`‡K Ave`yjvø n Avey mvqx‡`i g‡Zv cÖwZfv`xß Kwe KweZvi RMr m‰e©e cwiZ¨vM K‡i‡Qb| Z‡e G-K_v Keyj K‡i wb‡Z n‡e †h, nvqvr mvBd lv‡Ui `k‡Ki cÖavb GKRb Kwe wn‡m‡e cwiwPwZjvf K‡ibwb| 2018-†Z m`vkq miKvi Zuv‡K ÔGKz‡k cyi¯‹viÕ cÖ`vb Ki‡jI me©Rbwew`Z Z_¨ GB †h, Zuvi KweL¨vwZ wQj mxwgZ| Rxe‡bi †kl‡ejvq ÔGKz‡k cyi¯‹viÕ bv RyU‡j evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnv‡m nvqvr mvB‡di KweZv wb‡q †ewk wKQy †jLvi _vKZ wKbv †m-wel‡q m‡›`n †cvlY Ki‡j Zuvi cÖwZ AwePvi n‡e bv| evsjv‡`‡ki mvwnZ¨v½‡b weL¨vZ nIqvi Rb¨ eûjcÖR n‡Z nq| cÎcwÎKvi msL¨v cÖPiz , G¸‡jv‡Z wbqwgZ cÖKvk Ki‡Z nq| Zvi m‡½ bvUKxq Rxeb _vK‡j fv‡jv, `xN© k¥kÖæ I dvRjv‡gv DcKvix cÖgvwYZ| ivRbxwZK‡`i m‡½ KvZview›` n‡q D`MÖ †`kvZ¥‡evaK, e›`bvg~jK KweZv wjL‡jI AwZwi³ myweav nq| Ab¨w`‡K nvqvr mvB‡di g‡a¨ Gme evRviPjwZ ¸Yvewji Afve wQj cÖKU| Gme Kvi‡Y wZwb bvwg Kwe‡`i mvwi‡Z ¯’vbjvf K‡ibwb| evsjv GKv‡Wwgi gnvRbiv K`¨wc Zuvi KweZv we‡ePbv K‡i †`Lvi cÖ‡qvRb †eva K‡ibwb| GRb¨ Zuv‡KB mwe‡kl `vqx Ki‡Z n‡e| wZwb cÖPiz †j‡Lbwb; AwaKš‘ hv cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb Zvi cÖPv‡i GKwe›`y g‡bv‡hvM †`bwb| Gw`K w`‡q AMÖR AveyRvdi Ievq`yjvø n Zuvi Zzjbxq| wKš‘ AMÖ‡Ri hZUzKz cwiwPwZ ZvI Aby‡Ri †bB| Df‡qB Aw¯’g¾vq Kwe Ñ wbQK ÔKweZv †jLKÕ bb| ZviciI Pj‡b-ej‡b Kwe ejv hv‡e bv| D”Pc`¯’ †PŠKm Avgjvi me©¸‡Y `yR‡bB ¸Yvwš^Z wQ‡jb| wKš‘ bv Zuviv Kwe‡`i AvÇvq nvwRi _vK‡Zb, bv KweZv c‡K‡U cy‡i mvwnZ¨ m¤úv`‡Ki `߇i nvbv w`‡Zb| †gvÏv K_v, KwehktcÖv_x© ej‡Z hv †evSvq, Zuv‡`i †KD †miƒc wQ‡jb bv|

126

Zuviv e¨¯Í `vßwiK Rxe‡bi †k‡l N‡i wd‡i KL‡bv KweZ¡‡K nvZKov w`‡q KvM‡R bvwg‡q‡Qb gvÎ; KL‡bv cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb, KL‡bv K‡ibwb| A_P wesk kZ‡Ki evsjv KweZvi BwZnv‡m `xN© KweZvi hw` g~j¨ w`‡Z nq Z‡e AveyRvdi Ievq`yjvø ni ÔAvwg wKse`šÍxi K_v ejwQÕ A_ev Ôe„wó I mvnmx cyiæ‡li Rb¨ cÖv_©bvÕ me©v‡MÖ ¯§iY Ki‡ZB n‡e| nvqvr mvB‡di Rgv-Li‡Pi LvZvq ÔAvwg wKse`šÍxi K_v ejwQÕ ev Ôe„wó I mvnmx cyiæ‡li Rb¨ cÖv_©bvÕ †bB; †bB eûwekÖæZ ÔKzg‡ov dz‡j dz‡j by‡q c‡o‡Q jZvUvÕ| †mŠfv‡M¨i eȇb wZwb AveyRvdi Ievq`yjvø ni mgfvM¨evb bb| A_P Zuvi mvwe©K Kv‡e¨ ARmª ¯§iYxq cO&w³gvjv i‡q‡Q hv bv cwVZ n‡q‡Q, bv n‡q‡Q Av‡jvwPZ| Z_vwc myciy æl nvqvr mvBd hLbB myK‡É KweZv cvV K‡i‡Qb, ZLbB aŸwb-e¨Äbvq GKwU Avmi R‡g DV‡Z wej¤^ nqwb| wZwb G‡Ki ci GK KweZv cvV Ki‡Qb, †kÖvZv µ‡g gy»Zi n‡”Q| Zuvi KweZv †Kej †evSvi bq, †kvbviI e‡U| Gi g‡a¨ ¯^Kxq GKwU aŸwbZi‡½i myi i‡q‡Q hv mwVK Dc¯’vcbvi ga¨ w`‡q aªæc`x msMx‡Zi g‡ZvB kÖæwZgayi n‡q wefvwmZ nq| Zuvi KweZv k‡ãi GK ¯^Ztù‚Z© AwfhvÎv, hv A‡K¬‡k cvVK‡K


ü`qvbyfw‚ Zi GKvšÍ MšÍ‡e¨ †cuŠ‡Q †`q| KweZv cv‡Vi Avm‡i nvqvr mvB‡di †kÖvZviv mnmvB Avweó n‡q co‡Zb|

`yB

BwZnvm hZB AZxZ n‡Z _v‡K, ZZB wbi‡cÿZv I wbg©gZvi cwiPq w`‡q _v‡K| we‡kl †Kv‡bv KviY Qvov †m KvD‡K ¯’vb w`‡Z Pvq bv| Kwe mv¾v` Av‡iwd‡bi Av‡`kµ‡g cwðg evsjvi Kwe myfvl gy‡Lvcva¨vq m¤ú‡K© m¤úÖwZ ZË¡Zvjvk K‡i GiKg cÖZxZxB R‡b¥‡Q : Zuvi m¤ú‡K© eB-cy¯‡Í K Av‡jvPbv †bB ej‡jB P‡j| †KŠZ‚njx cvVK AvaywbK evsjv KweZv RvZxq A‡bK eB Ly‡j †`L‡Z cv‡ib; G‡Z myfvl gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi Av‡jvPbv `~‡i _vK, bvg ch©šÍ †`L‡eb bv| Kwe myfvl gy‡Lvcva¨vq (1919-2003) RxeÏkvq cÖ`xß m~‡h©i b¨vq weivRgvb wQ‡jb| AvR Zuv‡K euvwP‡q †i‡L‡Q Ôdzj dzUK z bv dzUK z / AvR emšÍÕ Ges ÔwcÖq, dzj †Ljevi w`b bq A`¨/ G‡m †M‡Q aŸs‡mi evZ©vÕ BZ¨vw` K‡qKwU cO&w³wbPq gvÎ| Rxebvb›` hv-B e‡j _vKzb bv †Kb, A‡Wb-Kw_Z GK-`ywU Ô¯§iYxq evYxÕ bv-wjL‡Z cvi‡j KweRxeb e„_v hvIqvi mg~n m¤¢vebv| Avi nvqvr mvB‡di g‡Zv Kwe whwb AcwiP‡qi `~i‡Z¡ †_‡K Rxebhvcb K‡i‡Qb Zuvi Kwehk GK Am¤¢e cÖKí| GB m~‡Î Avng` Qdvi K_v D‡jøL Ki‡ZB nq| Aa¨vcK mwjgyjvø n Lvb wPšÍK I †jLK Avng` Qdv‡K we¯§i‡Yi mgvwa †_‡K D×vi K‡i h_vcÖwZôvi Rb¨ AvcÖvY †Póv Ki‡Qb| kÎæI ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb, Zuvi †Póv wed‡j hvqwb| MZ Kzwo eQ‡i Avng` Qdv m¤ú‡K© cvV‡Ki g‡b bZzb K‡i AvMÖ‡ni m„wó n‡”Q| Z‡e Avk¼v nq, Avng` Qdv‡K MYbxq ÔKweÕ wn‡m‡e cÖwZwôZ Ki‡Z Av‡iv mgq jvM‡e| GB D‡`¨vM gnZx; AvgivI G‡Z mvb‡›` kwiK i‡qwQ| Avng` Qdvi KweZvi cÖKZ … g~j¨gvb GKw`b wbtmsk‡q cÖwZwôZ n‡e Ñ GB Avkv Avgv‡`i ey‡KI wKwÂr i‡q‡Q| Avgiv Ab¨Î e‡jwQ : evsjv fvlvq `xN© KweZvi BwZnvm wjL‡Z †M‡j Avng` Qdvi Ô†jwb‡bi mgvwaÕ, Ôew¯Í DRvoÕ cÖfw… Zi K_v Av‡jvPbv bv-K‡i Dcvq bvB| Avng` Qdv Kwe Ñ GB cwiPq cÖPvwiZ bv-_vK‡j Zuvi Ag~j¨ KweZvewj AcwVZ †_‡K hv‡e| cvVK ewÂZ n‡eb| Keyj K‡i ivwL : Avng` Qdvi e¨vcv‡i mwjgyjvø n Lv‡bi †h abyf½© cY Zv Avgv‡`i †bB, Z`ycwi KewRi †RviI Ak³| AZGe Avgiv †Kej Kwe nvqvr mvB‡di KwemËvi GKwU Awe¯ÍxY© gvbwPÎ A¼‡bi cÖ‡Póv †be| GUv GK †duvUv wkwk‡ii †ewk Ñ Giƒc bv-nK `vwe Avgiv KiwQ bv| GB wbe‡Üi GKwU D‡Ïk¨ †Zv GB †h cvVK Zuvi KweZvi m‡½ cwiwPZ n‡Z AvMÖn †eva Ki‡eb| wØZxqZ, wZwi‡ki ˆewkó¨ I cÖeYZvi KZUzKz wZwb aviY K‡i‡Qb Ges GKB m‡½ wZwik †_‡K KZ`~i c„_K n‡q‡Qb Zvi ZË¡Zvjvk Kiv| Z…ZxqZ, ejv n‡q _v‡K nvqvr mvBd lv‡Ui Kwe Ñ GB gšÍe¨wUi Zvrch© I ¸iæZ¡ hvPvB K‡i †`Lv|

wZb

nvqvr mvB‡di †h-KweK…wZ Zv ¯^KxqZvq D¾¡j n‡jI c~eR © Kwe‡`i wbwg©Z wfwËf‚wgi IciB cÖwZwôZ| Zuvi iPbv‰kjxi †gŠwjK cÖeYZv me©vs‡k Dcw¯’Z GiKg GKwU KweZvsk w`‡q Av‡jvPbv AMÖmi n‡Z cv‡i : AK¯§vr Ly‡j M¨v‡jv RvMÖZ Av‡jvwKZ w`b PZz®úvk¦© mgy¾j¡ njy‡` wc½‡j e‡Y©i cÖmeª Y †hb †Qv‡U w`wM¦w`K Ñ DwÌZ jvOj †hb avegvb e„l GK ùzwiZ bvmvq Avi MjK¤^‡j eywS ev Av‡›`vwjZ AšÍixY

†Mvcb ZvweR| eûKvj wkLv‡q‡Qv ivwÎ G‡j MZw`b cvc¶q, mœvqy‡Z Zš¿x‡Z eywS ev ¯úw›`Z Mvb Av‡iKUz Kv‡Q G‡m _v‡g Zvi cwiwPZ Avqyi ejq, hw`I wejq‡eva wbKl Auvav‡i Zvi wVKvbv gw¾Z µw›`Z †Kvjvnj †_‡K `~‡i, ZR©wb m‡¼‡Z †Kv‡bvw`b N‡Uwb †Zv g~j¨evb bxwZi cÖjq; A‡gq wejvm Zvi ivLv †bB †Mvcb wm›`y‡K ivLv †bB cÖL¨vZ †Kv‡bv GK Rv`yi cÖ`xc; Ñ nvqvr mvB‡di DcwiD×…Z Kve¨vs‡k myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi AKcU DËivwaKvi cÖKU| kãPqb wK cO&w³web¨vm Ñ DfqB myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi wb‡f©Rvj gy`vª q Aw¼Z| w·ki `k‡Ki Kweiv evsjv KweZvq AvaywbKZvi RbK wn‡m‡e cÖwm× n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ Zuviv mK‡jB GKB iK‡g KweZv iPbv K‡ibwb| Rxebvb›` `vk Avi myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi g‡a¨ Kve¨‡eva I evM&fw½i e¨vcK cv_©K¨ wQj| e¯‘Z Ôe¨vcK cv_©K¨ wQjÕ ej‡j h_v_© nq bv, eis Giƒc mgxPxb n‡e †h, Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ e¨eavb wQj †giæcÖwZg Ñ Zuviv `yR‡b `yB wfbœM‡Ö ni bvMwiK| †m hvB †nvK, huviv nvqvr mvB‡di mgmvgwqK, Zuv‡`i myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi Øviv AbycvÖ wYZ nIqvi hyw³hy³ KviY wQj| nvqvr mvB‡di huviv mg~n AMÖR Ñ kvgmyi ivngvb wK Avj gvngy`, wmKvb&`vi Avey Rvdi wK nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb, knx` Kv`ix wK dRj kvnveywÏb Ñ ZL‡bv KweZvi bZzb †Kv‡bv wewkó Av`j `„pwfwˇZ †Mu‡_ Zzj‡Z cv‡ibwb| ZvB cÖZ¨ÿ nq, GgbwK civev¯ÍeZv‡cÖgx Ave`yj gvbœvb ˆmq`I KL‡bv KL‡bv myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi cÖfveej‡qi AšÍf³ ©z †_‡KB Kve¨iPbv K‡i‡Qb| GB cÖ¯vÍ ‡ei mg_©‡b cvVK ˆmq` mv‡n‡ei Ô†eMvbv †m‡ibv`Õ KweZvwU GK wPgwU †P‡L †`L‡Z cv‡ib : †Zvgvi GKwU †PvL †d‡j †M‡Qv Avgvi ˆK‡kv‡i, †n ˆe‡`nx, bvw¯ÍK †bwgi g‡a¨ Rb¥g„Z¨z GKvav‡i Zzwg; ag©vag© jy‡d wb‡q A½ywjiæwP‡Z †Ljv K‡iv, wKev `xN© †bv‡Li w·Kv‡Y Ggy‡ovIgy‡ov wP‡i d¨v‡jv ürwcÐ Avgvi, Zzwg iÕ‡e Avgvi kvi` we`¨v, A‡jŠwKK kÖveYiRbx †Zvgvi ˆeKzÉ †_‡K AKzÉ ¶iY; P›`ªvejx, Avgvi mgMÖ `c© †Zvgvi m¤§y‡L AvbZ Avf‚wg; hw` Avï‡Zv‡l hvB, Avwg iÕ‡ev †Zvgvi AwaKZi mwÂZ| (ÔRb¥vÜ KweZv¸”QÕ, Ave`yj gvbœvb ˆmq`) gvbœvb ˆmq‡`i Dch©³ y c‡`¨ kãPq‡b †Kej bq, kãweb¨v‡mI myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi wbfzj© cÖfve cÖKwUZ| nvqvr mvBd‡K Ômyaxb `Ëxq Nivbvi KweÕ ej‡j wZwb gyPwK-gyPwK nvm‡Zb| Ab¨c‡ÿ, gvbœvb ˆmq‡`i wbKU †_‡K GiKg cÖZ¨ÿ ev c‡ivÿ ¯^xKv‡ivw³ KL‡bv cvIqv hvqwb| Dciš‘ wZwb wb‡R‡K DËi-wZwi‡ki cÖwZf‚ e‡jB `vwe Ki‡Zb| Rxebvb›`-†cÖwgK gvbœvb ˆmq` †Kb myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi nv‡Z bvov euvavi †Kv‡kk K‡iwQ‡jb Zv GKwU `y‡Á©q inm¨| myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi Abc‡bq QvqvcvZ _vK‡jI eo K_v GB †h, nvqvr mvB‡di GKwUI KweZv †bB hv myaxb `‡Ëi Amg_© AbyKw… Z e‡j cÖZxqgvb n‡Z cv‡i| myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi weL¨vZ KweZv Ôkvk¦ZxÕ| Ôkvk¦ZxÕi g‡Zv GKwU KweZvI nvqvr mvBd iPbv K‡ibwb; eo K_v, GiKg GKwU KweZvi Rb¨ wZwb DrKwÉZI nbwb wKsev GiKg cÖ‡Póvq wZjgvÎ Kvjÿq K‡ibwb| m¤úÖwZ XvKvi ÔAbb¨vÕ cÖKvkbv ms¯’v nvqvr mvB‡di KweZv msMÖn cÖKvk K‡i‡Q| cvVK jÿ Ki‡eb, myaxb `Ëxq cÖfve GKmgq AewmZ n‡q‡Q Ges nvqvr mvBd GKch©v‡q m¤ú~Y© wb‡Ri g‡Zv K‡i wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Qb| myaxb `Ëxq gy`vª ‡`vl KvwU‡q DV‡Z Zuv‡K Av‡`Š †K¬k †c‡Z nqwb Zvi KviY Kve¨‡ev‡a wZwb myaxb `‡Ëi Kv‡Q FYx wQ‡jb bv| wZwb †Kej ˆkjx‡Z AvµvšÍ n‡qwQ‡jb|

127


Pvi

KweZvi BwZnvm g~jZ †UKwb‡Ki BwZnvm ej‡j lv‡Ui `k‡Ki cÖKZ … cwiPq Abe¸wÉZ n‡e bv| lv‡Ui `kK c~ee© ‡½i Kwe‡`i Kve¨‡PZbvq e¨vcK cwieZ©b NwU‡qwQj| c~ee© vsjvq evOvwji mvs¯‹w… ZK Rxe‡b GwU GKwU µvwšÍKvj| mvs¯‹w… ZK cwieZ©b evOvwji gb¯Í‡Ë¡ Mfxi I me©MvÖ mx cwieZ©b wb‡q G‡mwQj| lv‡Ui `kK m¤ú‡K© nvqvr mvB‡di ch©‡eÿY ¯§iYxq| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, Ôlv‡Ui `k‡K wQj bvbvwea Av‡›`vjb Ges GKUv fwel¨‡Zi ¯^c‡œ K `xN© mgq aÕ‡i jvjb Kievi AwfÁZv I Avkvq eyK euvaevi kw³| m`¨ D™¢Z ‚ ga¨weË ZLb wkÿv-`xÿvq GB f‚L‡Ð †R‡M DV‡Q Ges Zvi AvZ¥kw³i D‡ØvabI N‡U‡Q| ˆ¯^ivPvi‡KI Zuviv cÖZ¨ÿ K‡iwQ‡jb Ges mivmwi AwfÁZvq †`‡LwQ‡jb be¨ mvgªvR¨ev‡`i mg~n DÌvb I wecyj AvMÖvmb| Zuviv †`‡LwQ‡jb evOvwj ms¯‹w… Z‡K wbwðý Kivi lohš¿ Ges Zvi weiæ‡× Zuviv mvs¯‹w… ZKfv‡e iæ‡L `uvwo‡qwQ‡jb GKUv †¯^vcvwR©Z bv›`wbK DrKv•ÿv, AvZ¥kw³ I Av`k© wb‡q| †mB mg‡q ewnwe©‡k¦i bvbvwea mvwnwZ¨K Av‡›`vjbI Zuv‡`i‡K †ek cÖfvweZ K‡iwQj|Õ nvqvr mvB‡di AcÖwZ‡iva¨ e¨vL¨v lv‡Ui `k‡Ki g~j¨evb Zvrch© m¤ú‡K© Avgv‡`i AewnZ K‡i| lv‡Ui `k‡Ki c~ee© ‡½ Rb¥ wb‡qwQj GKwU cÖMvp †`kvZ¥‡eva I RvZxqZv‡eva, hv Kwe‡`i Kve¨‡PZbvq Mfxi wkKo †g‡jwQj| GUv mgi †m‡bi †NvlYv ÔAvwg †ivg¨vw›UK bB, Avwg gvK©wm÷Õ †_‡K c„_K| lv‡Ui `k‡Ki GiKg Av‡Z¥vcjwä nvqvr mvB‡di KweZvq cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q myig~Qb© vq : Av`¨šÍ aivkvqx KvUvMvQ weﮋ gvwU‡Z Kuv‡` e„wó †bB ¸u‡ov I‡o KiæY KvÐ †_‡K KwVb Kiv‡Z cÖfvZ‡dixI †d‡i †K›`ªxq knx` wgbv‡i K¬všÍ nq myi wLbœ LÄbvi g‡Zv †kvfvhvÎv _v‡g D”Q¡vm DÏvgZv cÖkwgZ nÕ‡q Av‡m gygl~ y© evZv‡m Avi, evi evi wd‡i Av‡m Abb¨ dvêyb Ñ H GK myL, †Kbbv `„wó wdiv‡q `¨v‡Lv Ñ cvZvi wfZ‡i wQ‡jv AvR †hŠeb Qy‡u q‡Q Zvi eyK b„‡Z¨i g‡Zvb ZvB i‡³ ev‡R we`» †envM (ÔMvQKvUvÕ) Ab¨Î, A_P gøvb mܨvq †mB †Kvb cvÐzi cvovMuvi Kz‡u oN‡i †Quov _vbciv g„b¥qx kxY©v Rbbx eLv‡U †Q‡j Avi bó n‡q hvIqv DVwZ e‡qmx †g‡qwU‡K GLbI †Kb †hb ÿgv K‡i w`‡q ÿxY †n‡m axicv‡q k~b¨ †nu‡m‡ji w`‡K †nu‡U P‡j hvq| wbmM©cô„ †n e½f‚wg, ¯^‡`k Avgvi, GKwU `xN©kv¦ ‡mI wK KL‡bv Av‡jvwoZ n‡q I‡V wbwj©ß wbj©¾ †Zvgvi Rjevqy? (ÔRbbxi bvgÕ) lv‡Ui Kve¨‡eva AvZ¥‰RewbKZv I †`kvZ¥‡ev‡ai ARvZc~e© wgkÖY| GB †PZbv µgk wbweo n‡q‡Q Ges Kve¨‡PZbv‡K AcmviY K‡i‡Q| †`kvZ¥‡eva A‡b‡Ki †ÿ‡ÎB cÖavbZ Kve¨ †cÖiYvq ch©ewmZ n‡q‡Q| Z‡e nvqvr mvBd †`kvZ¥‡eva‡K me©MvÖ mx n‡Z †`bwb|

cuvP

wbe‡Üi cÖvi‡¤¢ Avgiv wj‡LwQ †h nvqvr mvBd ¯^ícwVZ n‡jI Zuvi mvwe©K Kv‡e¨ ARmª ¯§iYxq cO&w³gvjv i‡q‡Q, hv cwVZ nIqvi A‡cÿvq i‡q‡Q| Avgiv Rvwb‡qwQ : myKÉ Kwe hLbB `„p A_P ¯^”Q ¯^‡i ¯^xq iPbv cvV K‡i‡Qb, ZLbB aŸwb-e¨Äbvq GKwU Avmi R‡g DVZ| nvqvr mvB‡di cÖZxZx GiKg †h, KweZvi Abyl‡½ k‡ãi aŸwbiƒc G‡Kev‡i †gŠwjKfv‡e cÖ‡qvRbxq| wZwb

128

g‡b K‡ib : wbtkã `ªæZ cV‡b KweZv Avm‡j nvwi‡q hvq| cix¶vi LvwZ‡i hLb ¯‹j z -K‡j‡R KweZv Aa¨qb Ki‡Z nq, ZLb KweZvi GKiƒc Acg„Z¨z N‡U| GB Kvi‡Y wZwb ¯^K‡É ¯^xq KweZv cvV Ki‡Z m`vcÖ¯Z ‘ wQ‡jb| wZwb wek¦vm Ki‡Zb : KweZv †Kej †evSvi bq, †kvbviI e‡U| GB gšÍ‡e¨i mg_©‡b GKwU Dchy³ D×…wZ cvVK `vwe Ki‡ZB cv‡ib : ... Avgvi mgMÖ RvMiY I wb`ªv ¯^cœ I †PZbv ˆ¯’h© I PÂjZv †hb †K›`ªxf‚Z GKwU ˆPZ‡b¨i †fZ‡i AvewZ©Z n‡Z _v‡K Av‡›`vwjZ n‡Z _v‡K wbt‡kwlZ n‡Z _v‡K cv‡ci R‡b¨ bq c~‡Y¨i R‡b¨ bq Rxe‡bi R‡b¨ bq g„Z¨z i R‡b¨ bq wejv‡mi R‡b¨ bq K…”Q«Zvi R‡b¨ bq cÖKw… Zi R‡b¨ bq cyiæ‡li R‡b¨ bq †KejgvÎ PjgvbZvi R‡b¨ Avgvi †fZ‡i b`x evwn‡iI b`xi Dcgv| (Ôb`x I gvbylÕ) nvqvr mvB‡di Kv‡e¨ ¯^Kxq GKwU myi i‡q‡Q, hv mwVK Dc¯’vcbvi ga¨ w`‡q aªæc`x msMx‡Zi g‡ZvB kÖæwZgayi n‡q wefvwmZ nq| GB welqwU wKwÂ`waK ¸iæZ¡cY~ ,© †Kbbv wk‡íi nvqvivwK©‡Z msMx‡Zi Awaôvb KweZvi GK KvwV Ic‡i e‡jB mvwn‡Z¨i gnvR‡biv ivq w`‡q G‡m‡Qb| nvqvr mvB‡di KweZv-g›`ª mvsMxwZKZvq F× : Zuvi KweZvi kix‡i, k‡ãi eyb‡b, `ywU c‡`i Af¨šÍ‡i, `ywU hwZwP‡ýi AeKv‡k msMxZ mwÂZ i‡q‡Q| D”PKÉ cv‡Vi mgq GB msMxZ ch©vqµ‡g Aegy³ n‡q cvV‡Ki Abyfw‚ Zi exYvq †Zv‡j Ae¨_© myi| ZLb D”PvwiZ kãvewj KweZv n‡q I‡V| ZLb g‡b nq KweZv GKiƒc kÖæwZwkíI e‡U| GB cÖm‡½ Kwe wb‡RI c~Yi© ƒc m‡PZb wQ‡jb| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb : KweZv †Kgb KÕ‡i cvV‡Ki g‡bi g‡a¨ KvR K‡i ZvÕ wewfbœ mg‡q cwЇZiv bvbvfv‡e †f‡e †`‡L‡Qb| wKš‘ GKRb Kwe KweZv iPbv K‡ib †Kb Zvi mwVK DËi †Kvb Kwe nq‡Zv GKBfv‡e †`‡eb bv| KweZv †Kgb KÕ‡i ˆZwi nq, Zvi †Kvb wba©vwiZ dg©j y v †`qv hvq bv| KviYUv nq‡Zv GB †h, KweZvi fvlv mvwn‡Z¨i Ab¨ me Avw½‡Ki fvlv †_‡K G‡Kev‡i Avjv`v Ges GB Abb¨ZvB KweZvi †ev×v‡K cÖavbZ AvK…ó K‡i| GB m~‡Î nvqvr mvBd GKwU HwZnvwmK NUbvi cÖwZ Avgv‡`i g‡bv‡hvM AvKl©Y Ki‡Qb| wZwb ej‡Qb, KweZv `xN©w`b wQj †Kej kÖæwZi welq, †Kej †kvbvi bq g‡b ivLviI welq| wZwb e¨vL¨v K‡i e‡j‡Qb : gvbe ms¯‹w… Z‡Z MZ cuvP kZvãx Ry‡o gy`Yª h‡š¿i Kvi‡Y fvlvi †h-†Kv‡bv ˆkjxi m„wó Avgiv ïb‡Z bq †`L‡Z Af¨¯Í n‡q c‡owQ| GB Af¨vm Aíw`‡bi| Gi Av‡Mi AšÍZ wZb mnmªvã a‡i gvbyl †Kej ï‡b‡Q| b`xi KzjKzj, cvZvi gg©i, wkïK‡Éi KjKj Ñ Gi mg¯Í wKQy †_‡K wccvwmZ Kvb Ges †Pv‡Li gva¨‡g g‡bi g‡a¨ D‡V G‡m‡Q kã| †h-kã GK mgq †Kej e¯‘‡K bq, Zvi Aeqe‡K bq Ñ k‡ãi wewkó GK aŸwb †`¨vZbvi †fZi w`‡q wek¦RMr‡K ai‡Z †P‡q‡Q| KweZv `xN©w`b ZvB wQj kÖæwZi welq| AvR‡Ki w`‡bI gyw`ªZ cvZvq KweZv †Kgb †`Lvq Zvi †P‡q Kv‡b †Kgb †kvbvq ZvB w`‡qB kÖæwZ †_‡K ¯§„wZ‡Z Zvi Awaôvb N‡U| GLb ch©šÍ aŸwbgvay‡h©i Kvi‡Y, hw`I †KejgvÎ †m-Kvi‡YB bq, Avgiv mn‡R KweZv g‡b ivL‡Z cvwi| nvqvr mvB‡di KweZv m¤ú‡K© Dch©³ y kÖæwZgqZvi kZ© Avcv`g¯ÍK cÖ‡hvR¨| Zuvi KweZvi g‡a¨ k‡ãi GKwU Q‡›`vgq cÖengvbZv


i‡q‡Q| GUv †ng‡šÍi b`xi g‡ZvB jvRyK e‡U| †Kej mܨvZviv dzU‡j cÖKw… Z I gvbyl hLb ˆbtk㨠Aej¤^b K‡i, ZLb †hgb b`xi g„`gy ›` QjQj Awfgvb kÖæwZ‡hvM¨ n‡q I‡V, nvqvr mvB‡di KweZv ü`q½g Kievi Rb¨I Z`ªƒc GKwU Awfwb‡e‡ki cÖ‡qvRb nq| DËi-wZwi‡ki Abyl‡½ nvqvr mvB‡di h_vh_ g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z n‡j mgv‡jvPK‡K Awbevh©fv‡eB Zuvi KweZvi kÖæwZgqZvi K_v D‡jøL Ki‡Z n‡e| Zuvi cÖ_gw`‡Ki Ô¯^w¯Í †`‡e bvÕ kxl©K KweZvq wPÎKí I k‡ãi aŸwbgqZvi Ggb ms‡køl cÖZ¨ÿ nq hvi c~em© w~ i e‡j Ab¨ †Kv‡bv Kwe‡K wPwýZ Kiv hvq bv : wS‡ji KvRj R‡j mܨvZviv R¡‡j, cÖmeª Y S‡i c‡o A‡bK k‡ãi, cøve‡b cywÄZ nq KPzixi †Kvgj ü`q kvgy‡Ki wm³ gb †MIqvi bexb Pviv ev‡o †KIovq cyw®úZ ¯ÍeK, †b‡P P‡j A‡Pbv bZ©Kx K¤úÖgvb kvcjvi ew¼g g„Yvj Ñ †f‡m hvq, †f‡m hvq, †f‡m hvq †cÖg cÖxwZ bxjMÜv b`x| (Ô¯^w¯Í †`‡e bvÕ, mš¿v‡m mnevm) GwU †Kej Zuvi iPbv‰kjxi ˆewkó¨ bq; wesk kZvãxi evsjv KweZvq GwU nvqvr mvB‡di GK‡PwUqv Ae`vbI e‡U|

Qq

Kwe nvqvr mvB‡di wcZ…`Ë c~Y© bvg Aveyj nvqvr †gvnv¤§` mvBdzj Bmjvg Lvb| G-bvg me©Rbwew`Z bq †gv‡UI| Kg©‡¶‡Î mvBdzj Bmjvg Lvb bv‡gB cwiwPZ wQ‡jb; mnKgx©iv ms‡ÿ‡c Gm AvB Lvb e‡j Zuv‡K D‡jøL Ki‡Zb| Zuv‡`i Avw`wbevm eZ©gvb wmivRM‡Äi kvnRv`cy‡i, Avi Rb¥¯’vb XvKv kn‡ii †eMg evRv‡i| Zuvi ˆkk‡ei GKwU Ask KjKvZvq AwZevwnZ n‡qwQj| 1951 †_‡K 1953 ch©šÍ wZwb cvebv kn‡i wRjv ¯‹‡z j PZz_© I cÂg †kÖwYi QvÎ wQ‡jb| 1953 †_‡K 1960 wLªóvã ch©šÍ `xN© mgq †K‡U‡Q ivRkvnx‡Z| ivRkvnx K‡jwR‡qU ¯‹j z †_‡K 1959 wLªóv‡ã g¨vwUªK Ges 1961-†Z ivRkvnx miKvwi K‡jR †_‡K B›UviwgwW‡qU (AvU©m) cvk K‡ib| 1961 †_‡K 1965 Aewa XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q Bs‡iwR fvlv I mvwn‡Z¨ Aa¨qb K‡i h_vµ‡g weG I GgG wWwMÖ AR©b K‡ib| Zuvi Kg©Rxe‡bi ïiæ 1966 mv‡j wk¶KZvi ga¨ w`‡q| 1966 †_‡K 1967 mswÿßKvj wZwb ivRkvnx miKvwi K‡j‡R Bs‡iwR wefv‡M wk¶KZv K‡i‡Qb| 1968 wLªóv‡ã KgwcwUwUf cixÿv w`‡q ZrKvjxb cvwK¯Ívb mywcwiqi mvwf©‡m †hvM`vb Ki‡j Zuvi miKvwi PvKz‡ii Rxeb ïiæ nq| cÖ_g PvKwi‡Z c`we wQj Kv÷gm I G·vBR wefv‡Mi mnKvix Kv‡j±i| 1984-†Z wZwb Kv‡j±i wn‡m‡e c‡`vbœwZ jvf K‡ib| Kvjµ‡g wZwb RvZxq ivR¯^ †ev‡W©i m`m¨ wbhy³ nb| wKQyw`b RvZxq ivR¯^ †ev‡W©i †Pqvig¨v‡bi `vwqZ¡I cvjb K‡ib| 1999 wLªó‡ã wZwb miKvwi PvKwi †_‡K Aemijvf K‡ib| Gici g„Z¨z Aewa wZwb GKvwaK e¨w³gvwjKvbvaxb cÖwZôv‡b ¸iæZ¡cY~ © c‡` KvR K‡i RxweKv wbe©vn K‡i‡Qb| 1961 mv‡j hLb wZwb XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q Aa¨qbiZ, ZLb wmKvb&`vi Avey Rvdi-m¤úvw`Z mgKvj cwÎKvq KweZv cÖKv‡ki ga¨ w`‡q Kwe wn‡m‡e AvZ¥cÖKvk K‡ib| GB cÖ_g wZwb †jLK-bvg Ônvqvr mvBdÕ e¨envi K‡ib| 1961 †_‡K 1965 ch©šÍ Mfxifv‡e m¤ú„³ wQ‡jb ¯^v¶i cwÎKvi m‡½| lv‡Ui `k‡K mgKvj (m¤úv`K : wmKvb&`vi Avey Rvdi), c~e‡© gN (m¤úv`K : wRjøiy ingvb wmwÏKx I gy¯vÍ dv b~iDj Bmjvg), Kɯ^i (m¤úv`K : Ave`yjvø n Avey mvqx`), DËi A‡š^lv (m¤úv`K : ghnviæj Bmjvg), cwiµg (m¤úv`K : wmivRyj Bmjvg †PŠayix) Ges

DËiY (m¤úv`K : Gbvgyj nK) cwÎKvmg~‡n wbqwgZ KweZv cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| Q›`, wPÎKí I `vk©wbK wPšÍv GB Îqxi ¯^vfvweK mgš^‡q Zuvi KweZvivwR ¯^Zš¿ n‡q D‡VwQj| GB mgq wZwb †ekwKQy mvwnZ¨-wbeÜ cÖKvk K‡ib, hv‡Z Zuvi Kve¨fvebvi my¯úó iƒc‡iLv Aea„Z n‡q i‡q‡Q| miKvwi PvKwii Rxeb Zuvi KwemËv‡K gvivZ¥Kfv‡e AvnZ K‡i Ñ Kvh©Z GK Awebvkx J`vmx‡b¨i wkKvi nq Zuvi KwemËv| 1968 †_‡K 1982 ch©šÍ KweZvi A½b †_‡K wZwb `~‡i m‡i _v‡Kb| 1983-†Z hLb wZwb PÆMÖv‡g K‡›Uªvjvi Ae Kv÷gm f¨vjy‡qkb wn‡m‡e c`¯’, ZLb GB D`vmxbZvi wKwÂr Aemvb nq hvi d‡j IB eQi cÖKvwkZ nq Zuvi cÖ_g Kve¨ mš¿v‡m mnevm| GwU †hb Kwe nvqvr mvB‡di cybiæ¾xeb| wKš‘ me©bvk hv nIqvi Zv n‡q wM‡q‡Q| Kwe-cwiPq nvwi‡q nvqvr mvBd ZZw`‡b wbQKB miKvwi Kg©Pvix‡Z ch©ewmZ| cwiYwZ‡Z cÖ_g Kve¨ mš¿v‡m mnevm bv n‡jv cwVZ, bv n‡jv Av‡jvwPZ| Ae¨ewnZ c‡i cÖKvwkZ Kve¨MÖš’ me †d‡j w`‡q (1985) mgiƒc `yfv© ‡M¨i wkKvi n‡jv| A_P GB Kve¨MÖš’ gvby‡li †kvK I msMÖv‡gi K_v, †¯^` I †kvwY‡Zi K_v, Avkv I AvKv•¶vi K_v ¯úó D”Pvi‡Y Ges †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †ÿ‡Î Zxeª †kølvZ¥K evK¨ev‡Y e¨³ n‡q mgKvwjK Rb‡PZbv‡K wek¦¯Z Í vi mwnZ aviY K‡iwQj| wØZxq me©bvkwU N‡UwQj Ae¨ewnZ c‡iB| wZwb Ôc`vejxÕ KweZv †Mvôxi mwnZ hy³ n‡jb Kwe dRj kvnveywÏb cÖg‡y Li cÖ‡ivPbvq Ges †Rbv‡ij Gikv‡`i c„ô‡cvlKZvi Kvi‡Y Ôc`vejxÕ XvKvi e„nËi Kwemgv‡Ri †Kvcvb‡j coj| nvqvr mvB‡diI Kcvj cyoj| A_P †Kv‡bv miKvwi Kg©KZ©vi c‡ÿ †h ivóªcwZ c`gh©v`vi mvgwiK kvm‡Ki AvbyKj ‚ ¨ cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kiv Am¤¢e GB mv`v mZ¨wU †KD MÖvn¨ Kij bv| Kwe wmK`vi Avwgbyj n‡Ki g‡ZvB wbcvU f`ª‡jvK nvqvr mvBd AKvi‡Y KweKz‡ji ˆewiZvi wkKvi n‡jb| mvwn‡Z¨i ivRbxwZi me©e¨vcx cw¼jZv I mgv‡Ri µgNbvqgvb Aeÿ‡q nvqvr mvBd cxwoZ †eva Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| Rxe‡bi cÖwZ cÖMvp weewglv Zuv‡K MÖvm K‡i †djj| GKwU KweZvq Zuvi wZ³ g‡bvfve wb‡gœv³iƒ‡c cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q : gv‡S gv‡S g‡b nq GB me cÖvZ¨wnK cÖKU `vwqZ¡vejx GB me A_©nxb Abyc•y L eva¨evaKZv, GBme Z_vKw_Z Amvi mvgvwRK cÖeYZv mewKQy Qy‡u o †d‡j w`‡q G‡Kev‡i Kc`©Knxb P‡j hve †Kv‡bv GK w`M‡šÍi w`‡K; hw`I †mLv‡b w`K-Pµevj m‡i m‡i hvq, Pviw`‡K e‡q hvq mgq Avi evZv‡mi †mªvZ; GBfv‡e `ªæZMvgx P‡j †M‡j Z_vKw_Z RMZ msmvi wc‡Q †d‡j w`‡q Gi †P‡q Am¤¢e cÖZ¨qx †Kv‡bv Aw¯Í‡Z¡i w`‡K nq‡Zv ev hve P‡j| (ÔGL‡bv †Zv g‡bvi_ †kl nq bvBÕ) e¯‘Z cieZx©Kv‡ji KweZvq Bw›`ªqMÖvn¨Zvi m‡½ m‡½ Kwei `vk©wbK wPšÍvi wewfbœ w`KI µ‡g ¯úó n‡q D‡V‡Q| Aw¯Í‡Z¡i cÖk,œ AvaywbK Rxe‡bi hš¿Yv Ges mvgvwRK cÖwZ‡e‡ki m‡½ e¨w³i †h-msNl© Zv evsjv‡`‡ki †cÖ¶vc‡U wewfbœ KweZvi Aeq‡e cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q| †Nvi ˆewiZv I cÖwZK‚jZv m‡Ë¡I nvqvr mvBd Zuvi KwemËv wUwK‡q †i‡LwQ‡jb| 1987-G wZwb cÖKvk K‡ib Zuvi Z…Zxq Kve¨MÖš’ cÖavbZ gvwU I gvbyl| cÖ_g `yB Kv‡e¨ Kwe †h wbR¯^Zvi bKkv †K‡UwQ‡jb, D”Pvi‡Y I wbg©v‡Y Zv GB MÖ‡š’i KweZvewj‡Z ¯úóZi n‡q‡Q| GB MÖšw’ Ui GKUv cÖeZ©bv Drme n‡qwQj hv‡Z

129


Kwe ˆmq` kvgmyj nK e‡jwQ‡jb : Ônvqvr mvBd cÖKZ … Kwe; Zuvi KweZvi welq †¯^vcvwR©Z; Zuvi D”PviY I wbg©vY F‡Y RR©wiZ b‡n|Õ Ñ ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki GB wm×všÍ cÖwYavb‡hvM¨| GKRb cÖKZ … Kwe cÖwZfvevb e‡U, Zuv‡K A‡b¨i Kve¨vbymiY K‡i Kvj‡ÿcY Ki‡Z nq bv| n‡Z nq bv †gwK KweZvi RbK| nvqvr mvB‡di †klRxe‡bi wewfbœ Kv‡e¨i g‡a¨ we‡klfv‡e D‡jøL¨ 2008-G cÖKvwkZ cÖavbZ ¯§„wZ I gvby‡li c_ Pjv, 2010-G cÖKvwkZ imyb †evbvi BwZK_v Ges 2012-†Z cÖKvwkZ g‡bvi_ †kl nq bvB| 40wU KweZvi msKjb imyb †evbvi BwZK_v m¤ú‡K© we‡kl K‡i wKQy ejvi Av‡Q| GB KweZvewj‡Z †Kej Kwei Rxeb`k©b cwiYZ I msnZ n‡q‡Q Zv bq, nvqvr mvB‡di Kve¨fvlv Av‡`¨vcvšÍ bZzb iƒc cwiMÖn K‡i‡Q| ÔAšÍRw© jÕ KweZvq Avgiv cvV Kwi : igbvi Av‡kcv‡k wdwi wbDgv‡K©U †_‡K KuvUveb n‡q, †i‡ji jvBb a‡i bxj‡ÿZ cv‡k †d‡j eivei we`¨vcx‡V DwV| n‡ji K¨vw›U‡b GK`j ZiæY Zvcm So †Zv‡j Kv‡c, D¯‹L¯ y ‹ Pzj i³-†PvL, wmMv‡i‡U wmMv‡i‡U w`bÿY gv‡c, wij‡K †_‡K ïiæ K‡i Av‡iv `~‡i P‡j hvq †nu‡U †nu‡U, KL‡bv ev Kvgy¨ KL‡bv ev †ev`‡jqvi Av‡m, KL‡bv ev iu¨v‡evB cÖavb eÕ‡j g‡b nq, n¨vg‡jU gv‡S gv‡S G‡m †mvwj‡jvwK fuv‡R KL‡bv ev I‡dwjqvi g„ZgyL Av‡av AÜKv‡i †f‡m I‡V; Ny‡i Ny‡i G‡jv‡g‡jv KZ Kx †h Av‡m Avi evievi P‡j hvq, K…k gvby‡liv Av‡m k¥kÖægq cwЇZiv Av‡m myaxb Rxebvb›` Lvwe Lvq, cÖvqkB DuwK †`q gvK©m I †jwbb, Kg‡i‡Wi `j nvZZvwj w`‡q I‡V KL‡bv mL‡bv, KL‡bv mL‡bv Lvb‡mbv‡`i †`vm‡iiv Av‡m wfbœ †Pnvivq| (ÔAšÍRw© jÕ, imyb †evbvi BwZK_v) G-MÖ‡š’i cvVK jÿ Ki‡eb, cÖ_g †_‡K †kl KweZvi MÖšb’ vq GKUv cÖevwnZ e³‡e¨i c~ev© ci AbymiY i‡q‡Q| gvby‡li mf¨Zvi EaŸ©Z‡bi †cÖ¶vc‡U evsjvi cvjwjK mf¨Zvi wbh©vm Dc¯’vwcZ K‡i‡Qb Kwe, KL‡bv Q‡›`ve‡Ü †køl I we`ªƒ‡c (ÔAv‡jv‡Ki `yaivRÕ), KL‡bv `xN© KweZvq bvbv Dcgv iƒc‡K (ÔAšÍRw© jÕ), KL‡bv-ev evsjvi gvby‡li Avkv-AvKv•¶v-wb‡e©` AmvaviY bv›`wbKZvq iƒcvwqZ K‡i‡Qb wKse`wšÍi Abyl‡½ (Ôimyb †evbvi BwZK_vÕ, ÔwKse`šÍx bqÕ, ÔKe‡ii Kv‡QÕ, ÔmnR bqÕ)| Avevi KL‡bv gvby‡li gbb I gvb‡mi AšÍixY wP‡Ëi Mwnb †_‡K Zvi Aw¯Í‡Z¡i Uª¨v‡RwW Drwÿß n‡q‡Q (ÔwKQyB _v‡K bv Kv‡QÕ, Ôc‡_i euv‡KÕ)| nvqvr mvB‡di bZzb e³e¨ I fvlvfw½ Ae¨vnZ †_‡K‡Q †klvewa| cieZx© MÖ‡š’ wZwb wjL‡Qb : me wKQy AvR †`wL evDwi evZv‡m Kuv‡c, av‡c av‡c †Ku‡c hvq ¯§„wZi `‡ivRv; evsjvi evgcš’x Zvwš¿‡Ki kevmb, jvj‡bi Mvb, `wÿ‡Yi `vgvj So, KL‡bv ev bxjMÜv b`x, KL‡bv ev bxjKvšÍ aiYxi M‡j mgy‡`ªi Kzmwy gZ †dbv †`v‡j, †KIov Avi my›`ix †R‡M _v‡K, wng ˆmK‡Z eû`~i `~iMvgx Rvnv‡Ri gv¯‘j †`v‡j, GKRb †ngKvšÍ ˆmKZ †`‡LwQj, KzjKzÐwjbx †R‡MwQj †Kv‡bv GK `yev© mv Zvwš¿‡Ki; A_P AvR `yB Kzwo c‡b‡ivUv eQ‡ii ci †m gvbylUv †bB Avi, ïay †f‡m Av‡m Zvi FwZ¡K Kɯ^i, ... (ÔcÖv_wgK åƒYÕ, g‡bvi_ †kl nq bvB)

130

mvZ

GKwesk kZvãxi ïiæ‡Z evsjv‡`kbvgxq f‚L‡Ði gvby‡li Rxeb `ywðšÍv`xY© n‡q D‡V‡Q| GUvi g~j cwiPq me©¯‡Í i AwbðqZvi e¨vwß| Kv‡Ri cwie‡Z© Sv‡gjv I gvgjv mvgjv‡ZB gvbyl‡K Zvi Rxebxkw³ I mgq AwaKZi e¨envi Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| AwbðqZv I Sv‡gjvi cwie¨vß cÖv`yfv© e gvbyl‡K m`v Aw¯’i †i‡L‡Q| GB Aw¯’iZvi g‡a¨ `k©b, Kíbv I gbxlxi h_v_© mw¤§jb NUv‡bv KwVb| nvqvr mvBd GB `yiƒnZv AwZµg K‡i Zvi Dcjwä I Abyfw‚ Z msnZ k‡ã cÖKvk Ki‡Z mg_© n‡q‡Qb| wesk kZvãx‡ZB evsjv KweZvq AvaywbKZvi †MvovcËb I weKvk| GKzk kZ‡Ki ïiæ‡Z ivR‰bwZK †`kvZ¥‡ev‡ai we‡ùviY KweZvi RMr‡K msKxY© K‡i †d‡j| Kwe‡`i AwZgvwÎK AvZ¥‰RewbKZv AMwYZ †ÿ‡Î KweZvi gvivZ¥K ÎæwU NwU‡q‡Q| lvU I mˇii `k‡Ki Ab¨ Kwe‡`i wewkó AvZ¥‰RewbKZv nvqvr mvB‡di g‡a¨I msµwgZ n‡qwQj| Z‡e GB msµg‡Yi gvÎv µgvš^‡q ZxeªZi n‡q Zuvi KweZv‡K AbvKl©Yxq K‡i †d‡jwb| Bs‡iwR mvwn‡Z¨i QvÎ wn‡m‡e GwjqU, B‡qUm, GRiv cvD‡Ûi m‡½ nvqvr mvB‡di wg_w¯Œqv †hŠe‡bB ïiæ n‡qwQj| myZivs D”Pgv‡bi AvaywbK KweZvi iƒc m¤ú‡K© Zuvi mg¨K AewnwZ wQj| Zuvi KweZvi KvVv‡gv, Dcgv I evKcÖwZgv Ges kãPq‡b MÖvg¨Zvi †jkgvÎ †bB : wZwb bvMwiK Kwe; me©vs‡k bvMwiK| wZwb AvaywbK Kwe; me©vs‡k AvaywbK| KweZvi mvd‡j¨ kZ©vewj m¤ú‡K© wZwb AewnZ| k‡ãi e¨env‡i wZwb m‡PZb, evK¨MV‡b wZwb g‡bv‡hvMx; Q‡›`i e¨env‡i wZwb mhZœ| Kve¨MV‡b wZwb †hŠw³K web¨vm I Avbyce~ © m½wZmva‡b cvi½g| nvqvr mvB‡di wecbœ c„w_ex AvZ¥msK‡Ui ZxeªZvq K¤úÖgvb| Avkv I wbivkv, cÖYq I †µva DfqB Zvi wbqvgK| Zuvi me©‡kl g‡bvi_ †kl nq bvB Kv‡e¨ Kwei Awbevh© g„Z¨z wPšÍvi g‡a¨I Rxe‡bi D`MÖxeZv I ewY©j © Zv mgycw¯’Z| wewfbœ wRÁvmvq ivRc_ Avi Rbc‡` evsjvi gvby‡li hvwcZ Rxeb cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q wbM~p wek¦¯Z Í vq| AvaywbK evsjv KweZvi g~javivi g‡a¨ †_‡KI nvqvr mvBd †gav I gb‡b KweZvi AšÍi½ I ewni‡½ GKwU wk‡ívËxY© ¯^Zš¿ fzeb wbg©vY Ki‡Z mg_© n‡qwQ‡jb| Zuvi KweZv GKwU ¯^Kxq I e¨w³Z¡m¤úbœ kw³kvjx Kɯ^‡ii Avavi| nvqvr mvB‡di KwemËvi Dw™¢bœ Aw¯ÍZU¡ K z z Av‡`¨vcvšÍ wbf…‡ZB weivRgvb wQj| 2018-i wW‡m¤^‡i Zuvi eqm 76 c~Y© n‡qwQj| m¤úÖwZ K‡qK eQi hver Zuvi e„‡°i mvg_©¨ µgk n«vm cvw”Qj| B‡Zvg‡a¨ AcÖZ¨vwkZfv‡e hy³ n‡qwQj ü`h‡š¿i ˆeKj¨| 24 GwcÖj 2019 wZwb †PZbv nviv‡jb, 13 †g Zvwi‡L Zuvi †kl wbtk¦vm wbM©Z n‡jv BDbvB‡UW nvmcvZv‡j| wZwb gvbe-Aw¯Í‡Z¡i AwšÍg MšÍ‡e¨i D‡Ï‡k hvÎv Ki‡jb| wZwb Avi cÖZ¨veZ©b Ki‡eb bv, Avi wZwb KweZv wjL‡eb bv| wKš‘ Zuvi KweZvi Awe¯§iYxq AbyiYb †_‡K hv‡e evsjv KweZvi cwigЇj : Avgvi †cQ‡b _v‡K Avgvwi weg~p Qvqv ¯§„wZ m½ Abyfe gw›`ªZ Rbc‡` †Nv‡i| gvby‡liv PÕ‡j hvq †hgb †M‡Qb gvZv| Rbc` _v‡K| gvwU †_‡K hvq| ¯§„wZ _v‡K gvwUi Mfx‡i| k~‡b¨i †`D‡j _v‡K cÖwZgvi Kvqv| Avgvi ey‡KI _v‡K cÂv‡ki Qj”Qj mˇii gvby‡li Xj Ziæ‡Yi eRªgwy ó| GLb wK mg¯ÍB ¯§„wZi wkwki nÕ‡q Si‡e UzcUvc †kl ANªv‡Yi cÖZ¨z l-cÖ‡`v‡l wbf…Z Kzqvkvq? r


Pjw”PÎ

KjKvZv AvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎ-Drme 25 PÐx gy‡Lvcva¨vq

25

-G cv| KjKvZv AvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎDrm‡ei| †mB m~‡Î G-Drme‡K †miv K‡i †Zvjvi fvebv †Zv wQjB| 76wU †`‡ki 176wU Qwe| †iŠc¨RqšÍx‡Z cwiKíbvg‡ZvB iwOb n‡q DVj Drme| 8 Rvbyqvwi 2019-G †bZvwR Bb‡Wvi †÷wWqv‡g Puv‡`i nvU| ewjDW-UwjD‡Wi ZviKv‡gjv| †K‡›`ª iv‡R¨i gyL¨gš¿x ggZv e‡›`¨vcva¨vq| we‡`wk Pjw”PÎ-e¨w³Z¡ivI Dcw¯’Z| D‡Øvabx Qwe mZ¨wRr iv‡qi ¸cx MvBb evNv evBb| †i‡÷viW fvm©b| Ô¸ Mv ev evÕ †Zv 50 †c‡ivj| 25Uv eQi Kg K_v bq| Zvi Av‡MI Av‡iK Pjw”PÎ wQj| fviZ AvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎ-Drme| g~jZ w`wjø‡Z, wKš‘ wKQy eQi AšÍi AšÍi AvmZ KjKvZv‡ZB| 1952-†Z cÖ_g| wKš‘ Pjw”PÎRM‡Zi bvbv bvwg`vwg e¨w³‡Z¡i †jLbx‡Z i‡q‡Q †mB Avfvm| Kxfv‡e GK Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡ei cÖfv‡e cvj‡U wM‡qwQj evsjv wm‡bgvi wK¬‡k RMr| 1952 mv‡ji †mB Drm‡ei cÖfv‡eB evsjv wm‡bgv mvevjK nIqvi ¯^cœ †`‡LwQj| Zvi 25-G cv| d‡j Gevi

†hŠe‡bi ¯úa©v wb‡qB †m Dcw¯’Z| †bZvwR Bb‡Wvi †÷wWqv‡gi D‡Øvabg‡ÂI wQj ¯§„wZ| AvwÛ g¨vK‡Wvbvì| AZx‡Z Zuvi GKwU Qwe †Zv Kuvwc‡qwQj KjKvZv kni| †m·, jvBR, A¨vÛ wfwWI‡Uc| ZLb GLv‡b †Zgbfv‡e Pvjy nqwb B›Uvi‡bU ev wfwWI ms¯‹…wZ| d‡j bvg-gvnv‡Z¥¨ b›`‡b gviKvUvwi wfo| wKš‘ †h-Kvi‡Y wfo Zvi wKQyB Lyu‡R cvb bv `k©‡Kiv| QwewU wQj GK K¬¨vwmK| A¨v‡mU bvwqKv g¨vK‡Wvbv‡ìi Amvgvb¨ Awfbq| †mB AvwÛ Gevi D‡Øvabx g‡Â| wZwb Avevi GKw`b Ôgv÷vi K¬vmÕ wb‡jb| Av‡iK ¯§„wZ Ñ KjKvZvq Pjw”PÎ Drm‡eB †Zv GK`v †`Lv‡bv n‡qwQj ¸›Uvi MÖv‡mi Dcb¨vm Aej¤^‡b ˆZwi Pjw”PÎ wUb Wªvg| †m-Qwei cwiPvjK wQ‡jb fjKvi ¯‹jbWd©| wZwbI †Zv Gevi ÔwKd-25Õ-Gi g‡Â| m‡½ wb‡q‡Qb Zuvi Av‡iv †ekwKQy Qwe| Amy¯’Zvi R‡b¨ AwgZvf †kl gyn~‡Z© Avm‡Z cv‡ibwb| wKš‘ Zv‡Z wK D‡Øva‡bi Lye GKUv Zvj †K‡U‡Q? Gevi kvniæL Lv‡bi cv‡k wQ‡jb gnvivRv †mŠif Mv½ywj Ges evsjvi †g‡q ivwL| gyL¨gš¿x ggZv e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi K‡ÉI wQj

131


¯§„wZgqZv| Zuvi `vwe h_v_©| Gev‡ii Pjw”PÎ-Drme me A‡_©B †miv|

†mB ¯§„wZ GB mgq

¯^vaxbZvi ci wdj¥ wWwfk‡bi D‡`¨v‡M fvi‡Z †`kwe‡`‡ki Pjw”P‡Îi †gjv e‡m 1952 mv‡j| c„w_exi bvbv †`k †_‡K AZ¨šÍ evQvB Kiv Qwe G‡mwQj †m-Drm‡e| †ev¤^vB‡q (eZ©gv‡b gy¤^vB) Drme n‡q hvIqvi ci fvi‡Zi cÖavb cÖavb kn‡i GB Drme‡K †Nviv‡bv nq| KjKvZv‡ZI n‡qwQj| †mB cÖ_g KjKvZvq wm‡bgv Drme| KjKvZvi Ab¨ avivi Pjw”PÎKvi‡`i g‡a¨ `viæY cÖfve †d‡jwQj Õ52-i GB Pjw”P·gjv| wm‡bgv nj QvovI B‡Wb Mv‡W©bm Ges I‡qwjsU‡bi GK cv‡K© wekvj `k©‡Ki mvg‡b †`k-we‡`‡ki wm‡bgv †`Lv‡bv nq| ¯^qs mZ¨wRr ivq GB Drme cÖm‡½ 1982 mv‡j GK ¯§„wZPvi‡Y †j‡Lb, Ô1952 mv‡j KjKvZvq †h AvšÍR©vwZK wd‡j¥vrme n‡qwQj, Zvi Zzjbvq c‡ii meKwU wd‡j¥vrme‡KB †ek gøvb g‡b nq| mwZ¨ ej‡Z Kx, GZ¸wj fvj Qwe GKm‡½ c„w_exi †KvbI †`‡ki †KvbI Drm‡eB †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q wKbv †m wel‡q m‡›`n Av‡Q|Õ ïay mZ¨wRr bb, cieZx©Kv‡ji Av‡iv `yB weL¨vZ Pjw”PÎ-cwiPvjK g„Yvj †mb Ges FwZ¡K NU‡Ki IciI we‡kl K‡i cÖfve †d‡jwQj GB wd‡j¥vrme| evsjv Qwei RM‡Z ˆZwi n‡qwQj GK mgvšÍivj ˆkwíK aviv| Avi GB avivi cvBIwbqi wQ‡jb mZ¨wRr, FwZ¡K Ges g„YvjB| GB Drm‡ei †`Šj‡ZB evsjv Qwei cwiPvjK, KjvKzkjx Ges `k©Kiv cwiwPZ n‡qwQ‡jb Pjw”P‡Îi GK bZzbZi fvlvi m‡½| GB Drm‡eB †`Lv‡bv nq BZvwj wm‡bgvi beev¯ÍeZvi cw_K…r wf‡±vwiqv wW wmKvi wgivKj Bb wgjvb, AvwKiv Kz‡ivkvIqvi i‡kvgb, i‡mvwjwbi I‡cb wmwU †ivg, ZvwZi Ryi `¨ †dZ| mZ¨wR‡Zi c‡_i cuvPvjx wbg©v‡Yi Ab¨Zg Aby‡cÖiYv wW wmKvi evBmvB‡Kj w_dm, hv wZwb †`‡LwQ‡jb we‡`k ågYKv‡j| Z‡e Õ52-i Pjw”P‡Îvrm‡e Avevi wW wmKvi Ab¨ Qwe †`‡L Qwe Z_v c‡_i cuvPvjx wbg©v‡Y Av‡iv †ewk K‡i AvMÖnx n‡q I‡Vb| ZvQvov Õ52-i Pjw”P‡Îvrm‡e mvaviY gvby‡li e¨vcK AvMÖn †`‡L mZ¨wRr eyS‡Z cv‡ib, fv‡jv Qwe †`Lvi e¨vcv‡i GLvbKvi mvaviY gvby‡li h‡_ó AvMÖn Av‡Q| wKš‘ fv‡jv Qwei Pvwn`v _vK‡jI fv‡jv Qwei †Zgb †hvMvb †bB GB evsjvq| fv‡jv Qwei †hvMvb ˆZwi Ki‡Z n‡e| mZ¨wRr cvKvcvwKfv‡e Pjw”PÎ-cwiPvjK n‡eb e‡j wVK K‡i †dj‡jb| mZ¨wRr wjL‡Qb, ÔPjw”PÎ Drme †kl nevi ci Avgvi g‡b Avi †KvbI mskq _v‡K bv †h Avwg QweB Zzje| Ôc‡_i cuvPvjxÕ n‡e Avgvi cÖ_g Qwe| Qwe hw` fvj bv nq †Zv gv_v wbPz K‡i wd‡i hve wKgv‡ii Kv‡Q| Avi hw` DZ‡i hvq †Zv GKUvi ci GKUv Qwe K‡i hve|Õ evsjvi Pjw”PÎKvi‡`i g‡a¨ Avg~j cÖfve †djj GB Pjw”P‡Îvrme| ïay mZ¨wRr bb, FwZ¡K NU‡Ki gy‡LI GKB K_v Ñ ÔGB Drm‡ei Av‡M-c‡i `y‡Uvi g‡a¨ †hb GK weivU cv_©K¨ eZ©gvb ... AvR‡Ki ewjô Rxe‡bi aviv P‡j G‡m‡Q BUvwj‡Z, †P‡Kv‡mø­vwfqv, ivwkqvq ... KjKvZvi GB Drme wk¶vi GK Drm wn‡m‡e †`Lv w`j|Õ mZ¨wR‡Zi cvkvcvwk FwZ¡KI †b‡g co‡jb Qwe wbg©v‡Y| 1953 mv‡j ˆZwi n‡jv FwZ¡‡Ki bvMwiK| hw`I QwewU gyw³ cvq 1977 mv‡j| Pjw”PÎ-AvMÖnx‡`i evsjvq ïwUs nIqv Ru †i‡bvqvi w` wifvi QwewUI †`Lv‡bv n‡jv KjKvZvq cÖ_g AvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡e| GLvb †_‡KI GK ai‡bi AwfÁZv †c‡jb KjKvZvi Pjw”PÎKv‡iiv| FwZ¡K ev g„YvjI e‡jb, †mB Drme †_‡K Zuviv wk‡L‡Qb A‡bK| e¨w³MZ ¯Í‡i †h-¯§„wZ, Zv‡ZI †Zv i‡q‡Q bvbv gwYgvwbK¨|

132

1995 mv‡j KjKvZv AvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎ-Drme ïiæ nIqvi wVK Av‡Mi eQi, 1994 mv‡ji Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡e KjKvZvq G‡jb cÖL¨vZ Pjw”PÎKvi gvB‡K‡j‡Ä‡jv AvšÍwbqwb| Gi Av‡M Aek¨ wZwb fvi‡Z G‡m‡Qb Ñ 1977 mv‡j| KjKvZvq GB cÖ_g| KjKvZvi Pjw”PÎ-AvMÖnx‡`i Kv‡Q fxlY Kv‡Qi cwiPvjK| Zuvi weL¨vZ wZb Qwe †eøv Avc, Rviwew¯‹ c‡q›U Ges c¨v‡mÄvi evwYwR¨Kfv‡eB gyw³ †c‡q‡Q| Av‡iv wKQy Qwe †hgb jv b‡Ë, jv Av‡fÂziv BZ¨vw`mn Av‡iv †ekwKQy Qwe evsjvi `k©K †`‡L wb‡q‡Q wdj¥ †mvmvBwU mvwK©‡U| GB wek¦e‡iY¨ cwiPvjK KjKvZvq Avmvi Av‡MB KjKvZvi gvby‡li wcÖq n‡q D‡V‡Qb| ZvB ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB Zuv‡K wN‡i GK Ab¨ †µR| KjKvZvq †b‡g wZwb ZvR †nv‡U‡j DV‡jb| GB †nv‡U‡j Lye ¯^vfvweK Kvi‡YB mvsevw`K‡`i wfo| GB cÖwZ‡e`KI ZLb KjKvZvi GK cÖ_g mvwii ˆ`wbK cwÎKvi m‡½ hy³| me mvsevw`‡Ki GKUvB †Póv, Kx K‡i AvšÍwbqwbi GKvšÍ mv¶vrKvi cvIqv hvq; wKš‘ AvšÍwbqwbi gy‡LvgywL nIqvi AwfÁZvUv Lye my‡Li n‡jv bv| ï‡bwQjvg AvšÍwbqwb †ek Amy¯’| wKš‘ Zuvi Amy¯’Zv †h GZ`~i †mUv Rvb‡Z cvwiwb| wZwb GLb g~jZ ûBj‡Pqv‡iB ew›`| K_v ejvi kw³ nvwi‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ †hUv Zuvi i‡q †M‡Q Zv n‡jv Pjw”P·gav| †m-mgq AvšÍwbqwbi m‡½ wQ‡jb Zuvi ZrKvjxb evÜex, cieZx©Kv‡ji ¯¿x, GbwiKv| KjKvZv †_‡K wd‡i wM‡q GbwiKv‡K we‡q K‡ib wZwb| mvBb jv½y‡q‡R ZLb K_v ej‡Zb AvšÍwbqwb| †mB fvlv GKgvÎ eyS‡Zb GbwiKvB| AvšÍwbqwbi Kv‡Q mvsevw`K‡`i cÖkœ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Zb wZwb, Avevi AvšÍwbqwbi DËi mvsevw`K‡`i Kv‡Q e¨vL¨v K‡i w`‡Zb| Av‡MB e‡jwQ, Pjw”PÎB GKgvÎ a¨vbÁvb AvšÍwbqwbi| Zuv‡K GKevi cÖkœ Kiv nq, †hLv‡b Pjw”P‡Îi †Kv‡bv Aw¯ÍZ¡ †bB Ggb GK RvqMvq hw` wbe©vmb †`Iqv hvq Zvn‡j wZwb Kx Ki‡eb? AvšÍwbqwbi DËi, Ô†mLv‡b wM‡q Pjw”PÎB evbve|Õ mw½bxi mnvqZvq Pjw”PÎDrme PjvKv‡j mviv b›`bPZ¡i Ny‡i †eov‡Zb wZwb| †mevi wQj AvšÍwbqwbi mvZLvbv Qwei GK c¨v‡KR| Zvi g‡a¨ wQj Amy¯’ nIqvi Av‡M 1982 mv‡j ˆZwi Qwe AvB‡Ww›Uwd‡Kkb Ae Av D‡qvg¨vb| GwUB ZLb Aewa Zuvi †kl Qwe| KjKvZv †_‡K wd‡i wM‡q wZwb bZzb Qwe‡Z nvZ †`b Ñ weqÛ `¨ K¬vDW| Av‡iK cÖL¨vZ Pjw”PÎ-cwiPvjK DBg D‡ÛWvi Zuv‡K GB Pjw”PÎ wbg©v‡Y mwµqfv‡e mvnvh¨ K‡ib|

Kvjvcvnvo Ges ¸‡b Avwe®‹vi

Gi eQi `y‡qK Av‡M 1982-†Z Pjw”PÎ Drm‡e wQj Av‡iK wm‡bgv| KjKvZv Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡e G‡jv divwm wm‡bgvi Kvjvcvnvo divwm wm‡bgvi beZi‡½i cÖvYcyiæl Ru jyK †Mv`v‡ii GKSuvK Qwe| †NvlYv nIqvi m‡½ m‡½ KjKvZvq †Mv`viR¡i| Av‡Mi w`b gvSivZ †_‡K †Mv`v‡ii Qwei wUwKU †RvMv‡oi R‡b¨ †mvmvBwU wm‡bgvq wekvj jvBb| wKš‘ Drme ïiæ nIqvi ci KjKvZv Avwe®‹vi Kij Ab¨ GK cwiPvjK‡K| BjgvR ¸‡b| Zzi‡¯‹i GB cwiPvj‡Ki †ekwKQy Qwe †`‡L gy» n‡q †Mj KjKvZv| †mB Drm‡ei Av‡iK AvKl©Y wQj wPÎ-mgv‡jvPK †R. †nvevig¨b| Zzi‡¯‹i GB L¨vwZgvb Pjw”PÎKvi BjgvR ¸‡b m¤ú‡K© e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔSomething like Clint Eastwood, James Dean, and Che Guevara combined.Õ Zzi‡¯‹i iæcvwj c`©vi RbwcÖq G-ZviKv mˇii

`k‡K GKRb ivR‰bwZKfv‡e m‡PZb gvbweK Pjw”PÎKvi wn‡m‡e wb‡R‡K Dc¯’vcb Ki‡jb| gvK©mxq ivR‰bwZK Av`‡k© DØy×, mycvi÷vi B‡gR, e¨w³MZ Rxe‡b nZ¨vi `v‡q mvRvcÖvß Avmvwg Avevi mv_©K msMÖvgx Pjw”PÎ-wbg©vZv Ñ BjgvR ¸‡b


cÖ`xc R¡vwj‡q ÔKjKvZv AvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎ-Drme 25Õ D‡Øvab K‡ib RbwcÖq Awf‡bZv kvniæL Lvb, Awf‡bÎx ivwL ¸jRvi, RbwcÖq wµ‡KUvi †mŠif Mv½yjx I gyL¨gš¿x ggZv e‡›`¨vcva¨vq Pjw”P‡Îi BwZnv‡m GKRb weij e¨w³Z¡| GB Drm‡e Av‡iKRb gy» K‡iwQ‡jb Ñ Bqv‡Âv| nv‡½wii GB cwiPvjK fvi‡Z cÖvq A‡PbvB wQ‡jb| GB Drm‡ei †`Šj‡Z Zuv‡K wPb‡jb fvi‡Zi Pjw”PÎ-`k©K| †K›`ªxq miKvi-Av‡qvwRZ fvi‡Zi cÖavb cÖavb Pjw”PÎ Drme hLb wek¦ Pjw”P‡Îi cÖwZ µgk AvMÖn evwo‡q Zzj‡Q, ZLb cwðge½ miKvi cwiKíbv Kij Ggb GK Pjw”PÎ Kg‡cø‡·i, †hLv‡b GK Qv‡`i Zjvq _vK‡e A‡bK wm‡bgv nj, †mwgbvi K¶, Pjw”PÎ jvB‡eªwi| b›`b, cwðge½ Pjw”PÎ †K›`ª n‡q DVj Ggb GK miKvwi †cÖ¶vM„n I Pjw”PÎ DrKl© †K›`ª| cwðge‡½i Pjw”PÎ-wk‡íi weKvk I mvaviY gvby‡li g‡a¨ Pjw”PÎ-m‡PZbZv e„w×i D‡Ï‡k¨ 1985 mv‡ji 2 †m‡Þ¤^i cwðge½ miKvi KZ©…K b›`b cÖwZwôZ nq| b›`‡bi my`„k¨ ¯’vcZ¨wewkó febwUi Øv‡iv˜NvUb K‡iwQ‡jb wewkó Pjw”PÎ-cwiPvjK mZ¨wRr ivq| b›`‡bi cÖZxKwPýwUI wZwb A¼b K‡ib| KjKvZvi Ab¨Zg cÖavb ms¯‹…wZ †K›`ª b›`b eZ©gv‡b ïaygvÎ KjKvZv kniB bq, eis mgMÖ c~e©fvi‡Zi Ab¨Zg RbwcÖq Pjw”PÎ †K›`ª| Ôb›`bÕ bKkv I wbg©vY-cwiKíK wQ‡jb weL¨vZ ¯’cwZ AwgZvf `vk¸ß| 1982-i ci Õ90| bvbv kni Ny‡i `xN© AvU eQi ci KjKvZvq Avevi Pjw”PÎ-Drme G‡jv| bRiæjg‡Â D‡Øvab Ki‡jb ¯^qs mZ¨wRr| D‡Øva‡bi w`bB †`Lv †Mj wMÖ‡mi cwiPvjK w_I Av‡Ä‡jvcywj‡ki j¨vÛ‡¯‹c Bb `¨ wg÷| `yB fvB‡ev‡bi Mí| G †hb wMÖ‡mi Av‡iK c‡_i cuvPvjx| GB Drm‡eB †Zv †`Ljvg †kv‡nB Bgvgyivi e­¨vK †ib| gy»Zvi ïiæ| G‡Ki ci GK| Avwki Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡e †hgb evsjvi `k©Kiv

Avwe®‹vi K‡ib BjgvR ¸‡b‡K, beŸB‡qi Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡e †Zgwb Zvwfqvwb eªv`vm© Ñ cvI‡jv Ges wf‡ÆvwiI Zvwfqvwb‡K| Õ82-i Drm‡e Aek¨B †miv Qwe †gwd‡÷v| †ZgbB Õ90-G wίÍd wKImjw¯‹i Av kU wdj¥ A¨vevDU jvf Ges Av kUwdj¥ A¨vevDU wKwjs| cvewjK wWgvÛ| eQi `y‡q‡Ki g‡a¨ Avevi KjKvZvq wdj¥ Drme| Gev‡iv wKImjw¯‹i w_ª Kvjvm© eøy gy» K‡i w`‡jv| GB Drm‡eB †Zv Avevi †`Ljvg †d‡`wi‡Kv †dwjwbi jv †`vj‡P wfZv, Kz‡ivkvIqvi gv`v‡`I KjKvZv cÖ_g †`Lj| GiKg Av‡iv A‡bK Pjw”PÎgy»Zv|

gv‡V-gq`v‡b wm‡bgv

Avi bq w`wjøi w`‡K †P‡q _vKv| Ôb›`bÕ ˆZwii `k eQ‡ii gv_v‡ZB cwðge½ miKv‡ii wm×všÍ Gevi Zuviv wb‡RivB Ki‡eb wdj¥ †dw÷fvj| Õ83 †_‡KB cÖ¯‘wZce©| Õ85-†Z cÖ_g ¯^vaxbfv‡e iv‡R¨ ïiæ n‡jv AvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎ-Drme| ejv fv‡jv, †dw÷fvj Ae `¨ †dw÷fvj| †fwbm, Kvb, evwj©b cÖf…wZ Pjw”PÎ-Drme †_‡K †miv Qwe evQvB K‡i G‡b GK wdj¥ †dw÷fvj| mZ¨wRr ivq b›`b‡K †K›`ª K‡i GiKg GK Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡ei K_vB †f‡ewQ‡jb| wZwb g‡b Ki‡Zb, ÔAvšÍR©vwZK Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡ei †hwU me‡P‡q g~j¨evb KvR Ñ A_©vr †`k-we‡`‡ki Pjw”PÎKvi‡`i g‡a¨ ms‡hvM ¯’vc‡bi GKwU my‡hvM K‡i †`Iqv Ñ †mUv g‡b nq bvbvb wek„•Ljv m‡Ë¡I AUzU _vK‡e|Õ †mB m~Î a‡iB GB KjKvZv Pjw”PÎDrm‡ei Av‡qvRb| we‡`‡ki ¯^‡`‡ki bvbv iv‡R¨i Qwe I

133


Pjw”PÎKvi‡`iI †hb GK wgjb‡gjv GB Pjw”PÎ-Drme| iv‡R¨ cwieZ©‡bi m‡½ m‡½ Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡ei †gRvR cvjUv‡jv| bZzb miKvi GB Pjw”PÎ-Drme‡K Qwo‡q w`‡jv mvaviY gvby‡li g‡a¨| D‡Øvabx Abyôvb Avi b›`‡b mxwgZmsL¨K eyw×Rxexi g‡a¨ bq, eis wb‡q hvIqv n‡jv †bZvwR Bb‡Wvi †÷wWqv‡g Ñ A¸bwZ mvaviY gvby‡li g‡a¨| Drme B‡›U‡jKPzqvj KvjPvi †_‡K m‡i n‡q DVj ccywj÷ KvjPvi| D‡Øvabx Abyôv‡b g‡Â G‡jb gy¤^vB, †PbœvB‡qi RbwcÖq ZviKviv| AwgZvf e”Pb, kvniæL Lvb, Kgj nvmvb, wgVyb PµeZx© cÖgyL| GB RbwcÖq ms¯‹…wZ AvenvIqvi g‡a¨B c„w_exi †miv Qwe¸‡jv †`Lvi my‡hvM †cj evsjvi `k©Kiv| †hgb G‡Ki ci GK †Mv`v‡ii mv¤úÖwZK Qwe¸‡jv †Zv †`Lvi my‡hvM n‡jv GB Drm‡eB, cvkvcvwk GB Drme GLb cÖwZ‡hvwMZvg~jKI| Kzw¶MZ eyw×Rxex-ms¯‹…wZ Qwo‡q coj gv‡V-gq`v‡b| Gevi Pjw”PÎ-Drme 25| †`k-we‡`‡ki †miv Qwei †gjv| Kvb-†fwbm Pjw”P‡Îvrme †_‡K wb‡q Avmv me Qwe| †i‡Uªv‡¯úKwUf wefv‡M Gevi eicÖvwß Rvg©vb cwiPvjK Av‡jKRvÛvi K¬zM, fjKvi †¯‹vjbWd© Ges †møv­ fvwKqvb cwiPvjK Wzmvb nvb‡Ki wbe©vwPZ †ekwKQy Qwe| Gevi myeY©RqšÍx n‡q‡Q Ggb wKQy nwjDW Iì K¬¨vwm‡Ki †i‡÷vW© fvm©b wQj GB Drm‡e| †hgb Ñ wgWbvBU KvDeq, `¨ IqvBì ev ev †UvcvR wKsev BwR ivBWvi| Gevi †hme cwiPvj‡Ki Qwe Drm‡e wQj Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ i‡q‡Qb Ñ †Kv÷ªv Mvfivm, d«uv‡mvqv I‡Rv, †Kb †jvP, jf wWqvR, Gwjqv my‡jgvb, AvUg G‡Mvqvb, eªæ‡bv `y‡gv cÖgyL| w÷bvwi wefv‡M †cjvg †bŠkv`, Aiwe›` gyLvwR©, gvbœv †`, Rni ivq cÖgyL‡K|

Ges cw›UKv‡f©v

KjKvZv †fv‡jwb †mB ¯§„wZ| wM‡jøv cw›UKv‡f©v ¯^qs Dcw¯’Z| m‡½ Zuvi †mB wKse`wšÍmg Qwe e¨vUj Ae Avj‡Rwiqv| †mev‡ii Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡ei Ab¨Zg AvKl©Y wQj †mB Qwe| cÖvq wZb NÈvi Qwe gy» n‡q †`‡LwQj `k©K| b›`b PZ¡‡i †Zv ¯^qs cw›UKv‡f©v| d‡j Drme PZ¡‡i GK Avjv`v D‡ËRbv| †mB ¯§„wZ wN‡iB Gevi Avevi cw›UKv‡f©v-¯§iY| Aek¨ Ab¨ GKUv Dcj¶ Av‡Q| Gevi wM‡jøv cw›UKv‡f©vi Rb¥kZevwl©Kx| ZvB †m‡›Ubvwi wefv‡M Gevi wZwb| 1919 mv‡j BZvwj‡Z Rb¥ Zuvi| eofvB eªæ‡bv cw›UKv‡f©v ¯^bvgL¨vZ weÁvbx| cw›UKv‡f©v wb‡RI weÁvb wb‡qB cov‡kvbv K‡ib| B‡”Q wQj weÁvbxB n‡eb; wKš‘ †kl Aewa nb mvsevw`K| mvsevw`KZv m~‡ÎB ivRbxwZi bvbv gn‡ji m‡½ Zuvi µgtcwiwPwZ| mvsevw`KZv †Q‡o Pjw”P‡Î mivmwi Rwo‡q c‡ob| mnKvix cwiPvjK †_‡K cwiPvjK| WKz‡g›Uvwi w`‡q ïiæ| Zvici wdPvi| wKš‘ wdPv‡ii AuvP i‡qB hvq Zuvi KvwnwbwP‡Î| 1953 †_‡K 1963 Aewa Uvbv GK WRb Z_¨wPÎ| Zvic‡iB nvZ w`‡jb KvwnwbwP‡Î| GB e¨vUj Ae Avj‡Rwiqv| wKš‘ GB Qwei g‡a¨I i‡q‡Q KvwnwbwP‡Îi wbLv` cÖ‡qvM| GB Qwei R‡b¨B AvšÍR©vwZK L¨vwZ| ivR‰bwZK cUf‚wg‡Z ˆZwi QwewU cvkvcvwk ivR‰bwZK Ges HwZnvwmKI| e¨vUj Ae Avj‡Rwiqv ivZvivwZ AvaywbK ivR‰bwZK wm‡bgv RM‡Z mvov RvMvj| ivR‰bwZK Qwe Kivi g‡Zv AwfÁZvI Zuvi wQj| wM‡jøv wQ‡jb BZvwji KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i m`m¨| d¨vwmev`we‡ivax hy‡×i GKRb cÖavb KgvÛvi| e¨w³Rxe‡bi ivR‰bwZK `k©b, cvkvcvwk KvwnwbwPÎ I Z_¨wPÎ Ñ GB `yiKg ˆkjx e¨envi K‡i wM‡jøv †h-D”PZvq Qwe‡K wb‡q †M‡Qb Zv mwZ¨B Cl©Yxq| mgwói gyw³i ¯^cœ‡K wZwb e¨w³ch©v‡q bvwg‡q Av‡bb, Avevi e¨w³i ¯^vaxb nIqvi cÖej ivR‰bwZK AvKv•ÿv‡K wgwj‡q †`b cy‡iv RvwZi

134

m‡½| GB Qwei wPÎbvU¨KviI wQ‡jb KwgDwb÷Kgx©, d«v‡¼v †mv‡jbvm| †mv‡jbvm wb‡RI Pjw”PÎ-cwiPvjK| wZwb wM‡jøvi evb©! QweiI wPÎbvU¨Kvi| evb© QwewU Gevi GB cw›UKv‡f©v 100-†Z KjKvZv 25 PjwPÎ-Drm‡e †`Lv‡bv nq| Gici †ekwKQy Z_¨wP‡Îi gv‡S AšÍZ wZbwU wdPvi Qwe K‡ib wZwb| Zvi g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg Aek¨B GKwU evb©| GwUI Dcwb‡ekev`we‡ivax Qwe| cÖavb Pwi‡Î Awfbq K‡i‡Qb gvi‡jvb eªv‡Ûv| GB QwewU Gevi cw›UKv‡f©v ¯§i‡Y †`Lv‡bv nq Pjw”PÎ-Drm‡e| wM‡jøv cw›UKv‡f©vi g„Zz¨ nq 2006 mv‡j BZvwj‡Z, ZLb Zuvi eqm 86| nvU©A¨vUv‡K gviv hvb wZwb| †ek K‡qK eQ‡ii e¨eav‡b Qwe Ki‡Zb cw›UKv‡f©v| cÖPzi Qwei Advi wdwi‡q w`‡Zb| wZwb wek¦vm Ki‡Zb, Qwei m‡½ †cÖ‡g bv cov ch©šÍ Pjw”PÎ wbg©vY m¤¢e bq| evb© Ges e¨vUj Ae Avj‡Rwiqvi Qwe Qvov Zuvi weL¨vZ Qwe n‡jv Kv‡cv, w` IqvBì eøy †ivW Ges Acv‡ikb I‡MÖv| wZwb Z_¨wP‡Îi †h-kvLv Ôwm‡bgv †fwiÕi mv_©K cÖ‡qvM K‡ib wm‡bgvq| ïay gZ-fvebvq bq, wZwb me †¶‡Î me mg‡qB mgmvgwqK| wZwb ïay wb‡`©kKB bb, wkí wb‡`©kbvi †¶‡ÎI wQj Zuvi RMr‡Rvov bvg|

†MŠZg †Nv‡li bZzb Qwe

†MŠZg †Nv‡li bZzb Qwe GB KjKvZv †`Lj GB Drm‡ei †`Šj‡Z| Rvwb© ev c_Pjvi Mí| AvZ¥‡Kw›`ªKZv ev GB ¯^v_©ci `ywbqvi weiæ‡× ¯úó cÖwZev`| cwiPvjK †MŠZg †Nv‡li bZzb Qwe ivnMx‡ii Iqvb jvBbvi n‡Z cv‡i GUvB| GLbKvi `ywbqvi cÖavb mgm¨v ¯^v_©ciZv| Avi Zvi weiæ‡×B Qwe Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb †MŠZg| Zvi Rb¨ wZwb †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb GK we¯ÍxY© cUf‚wg| Avi †mLv‡b wZwb wb‡q G‡m‡Qb Zuvi Qwei wZb gyL¨ Pwi·K Ñ bv_wb, jvLcwZ I PcUjvj‡K| bv_wbi Av‡Q `yB mšÍvb Ges GK c½y ¯^vgx| bv_wbi †ivRMv‡iB msmvi P‡j| bv_wb †ivR kn‡i hvq gRyi LvU‡Z| Avi †mB DcvR©bB Zvi †eu‡P _vKvi cÖavb Drm| GB bv_wbi m‡½B cwiPq nq Av‡iK w`b Avbv w`b LvIqv kÖwgK jvLcwZi| c_Pjvi c‡_B jvLcwZi m‡½ †`Lv nq bv_wbi| we¯ÍxY© cÖK…wZi g‡a¨B Zv‡`i c_Pjv| Avi Gi R‡b¨B cwiPvjK †MŠZg †Nvl Qwei cUf‚wg †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb SvoLÛ iv‡R¨i iuvwP I †bZvinvU| †mLvbKvi Abe`¨ cÖK…wZ Qwei fvebvi m‡½ `viæYfv‡e wg‡k †h‡Z _v‡K| jvLcwZ Avi bv_wbi c_Pjvi c‡_ Zv‡`i m‡½ †`Lv n‡q hvq PcUjv‡ji| †m Zvi Mvwo‡Z wb‡q P‡j‡Q GK Amy¯’ †ivMx‡K| GB Amy¯’ †ivMx‡K AwZ`ªæZ kn‡ii nvmcvZv‡j wb‡q hvIqv `iKvi| Rxeb-giY mgm¨v; wKš‘ c‡_ cÖPÐ e„wó bv‡g| †mB e„wó‡Z Mvwoi PvKv e‡m hvq| Mvwo D×v‡ii R‡b¨ †jvK `iKvi| †KDB GwM‡q Av‡m bv| GK ¯^v_©ci `ywbqvi mvwe©K †Pnviv Zz‡j a‡ib †MŠZg| GK welq-m¤ú„³ e„wói `„k¨ Qwei m¤ú` n‡q I‡V| †kl Aewa c‡_ †`Lv n‡q hvIqv bv_wb Avi jvLcwZ‡K GB wec` †_‡K D×vi Kivi R‡b¨ Aby‡iva K‡i PcUjvj| GK Amy¯’ †ivMxi Rxebwf¶v Pvq †m| Gw`‡K GB mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z †M‡j kn‡i †h‡Z †`wi n‡q hv‡e Zv‡`i| †`wi n‡j KvR cv‡e bv Zviv| cy‡iv cwievi Abkb| †kl Aewa Aek¨ bv_wb Avi jvLcwZ mvnv‡h¨i nvZ evwo‡q †`q| gvbeZvi Rq †NvlYv K‡iB Qwe †kl nq| bv_wb, jvLcwZ Ges PcUjv‡ji f‚wgKvq Awfbq K‡ib h_vµ‡g wZ‡jvËgv †mvg, Avw`j û‡mb I bxiR Kwe| mK‡jB Pwi‡Îi m‡½ wg‡k †M‡Qb| Qwe‡Z mgmvgwqK ivRbxwZ G‡m‡Q| G‡m‡Q AivRKZvi mgq| m~²fv‡e me wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb cwiPvjK| Clvb †Nv‡li K¨v‡giv GB Qwei Av‡iKwU A¨v‡mU| r


Avjv‡c Svjv‡Z : wk‡íi mvwn‡Z¨i Avjvcb l mv¾v` kwid l cÖ_gv cÖKvkb l XvKv, 2019 l 420 UvKv

eBcÎ

Avjv‡c-Avjvc‡b †mvbvi dmj AvLZvi û‡mb

mv

¾v` kwi‡di G-eB‡qi Av‡jvPbv ÔcÖ‡e‡ki Av‡MÕ wk‡ivbvga„Z Zuvi f‚wgKv w`‡qB ïiæ Kiv hvK| Zv-n‡jB †evSv hv‡e G-eB‡qi R‡š§i †bc_¨-Kvwnwb, mv¶vrKvi MÖnYKvix wn‡m‡e Zuvi D‡Ï‡k¨i ¯^iƒcwU‡K| wZwb †Kv‡bviKg ivLXvK bv K‡iB Avgv‡`i Rvbv‡”Qb, ÔcÖvq wZb `k‡Ki GB mvsevw`KZvRxe‡b A‡b‡KiB mv¶vrKvi wb‡Z n‡q‡Q| msev`c‡Îi mv¶vrKv‡ii mvaviY ˆewkó¨ Zvr¶wYKZv| A‡bK †¶‡ÎB †m-`vq †gUv‡bvi `iKvi c‡o‡Q| Zey wKQy mv¶vrKvi wb‡qwQjvg †KejB †mB e¨w³wUi cÖej Uv‡b| KviY, Zuviv wbQK e¨w³ wQ‡jb bv| Zuv‡`i †KD †KD LyeB wbqwZ-wba©viK BwZnv‡mi ga¨ w`‡q †e‡o D‡V‡Qb| BwZnvm Zuv‡`i Rxe‡b wPý †i‡L †M‡Q| Avevi BwZnv‡mI Zuv‡`i f‚wgKv Av‡Q| †KD †KD Avevi Zuv‡`i Abb¨ cÖwZfvq wbR wbR †¶‡Î bZzbZi c_ iPbv K‡i‡Qb ev `xN©¯v’ qx wPý †i‡L‡Qb| Zuv‡`i AwfÁZv I Dcjwäi †LuvR wb‡Z †KŠZ‚njx wQjvg|Õ †mB †KŠZ‚n‡jiB Av`¨šÍ dmj G-eB| Avgvi GKvšÍ e¨w³MZ g‡Z, mv¶vrKvi RvZxq iPbvi †¶‡Î mv¶vrKvi MÖnYKvixi f‚wgKv †Kv‡bvfv‡eB Zz”Q bq| eis Zuvi cÖ‡kœi cÖKw… Z, huvi mv¶vrKvi †bIqv n‡”Q, Zuvi m¤ú‡K© cÖkK œ Z©vi Mfxi Rvbv‡kvbvB GKwU mv¶vrKvi‡K AZzjbxq K‡i Zzj‡Z cv‡i| G-eB‡qi †gvU 19wU mv¶vrKv‡ii ci‡Z ci‡Z aiv Av‡Q Zvi AZz¨¾j ¯^v¶i| Ges †mB K…wZ‡Z¡i AwaKvix cÖkK œ Z©v Kwe, Abyev`K, AbymwÜrmy cvVK mv¾v` kwid| †gvU cuvPwU fv‡M wef³ Kiv n‡q‡Q G-eB‡qi AšÍf³ ©z mv¶vr`vbKvix e¨w³eM©‡K| ÔmvwnZ¨Õ wefv‡M cuvPRb Ñ kvgmyi ivngvb, mybxj M‡½vcva¨vq, Av‡`vwbm, wK¬›Ub we wmwj I DBwjqvg

iuvw`‡P| ÔwPÎKjvÕ wefv‡M wZbRb Ñ KvBqyg †PŠayix, gwbiæj Bmjvg I kvnveywÏb Avn‡g`| ÔAwfbqÕ wefv‡M wZbRb Ñ Rqv Avnmvb, kvevbv AvRwg I bw›`Zv `vm| ÔmsMxZÕ wefv‡M wZbRb Ñ Kexi mygb, RvwKi †nv‡mb I G Avi ingvb| Ôms¯‹w… Z I mgvRÕ wefv‡M cuvPRb Ñ mywdqv Kvgvj, Avwbmy¾vgvb, Avng` Qdv, Zcb ivq‡PŠayix I gvK© U¨vwj| Dwjø­wLZ m~wPc‡Îi w`‡K ZvKv‡j Avgiv †`L‡Z cve, mv¾v` kwi‡di AvMÖ‡ni †Kv‡bv mxgvbv †bB, †Niv‡Uvc †bB| †bB †`k I we‡`kMZ †Kv‡bv ms¯‹vi| mv¶vrcÖv_x©‡`i g‡a¨ Av‡Qb †hgb evsjv‡`‡ki wkíx, mvwnwZ¨K, Kwe, †Zgwb Av‡Qb fviZxq mvwnwZ¨K, wkíx I Pjw”PÎ-wbg©vZv| Av‡Qb gvwK©b mvwnZ¨‡cÖgx Abyev`K, c¨vwim cÖevmx wmwiqvi weL¨vZ Kwe, hy³iv‡R¨i iex›`ª I gaym`~ b-M‡elK| Av‡Qb weª‡U‡bi wek¦L¨vZ mvsevw`K, Avgv‡`i gnvb gyw³hy‡× huvi f‚wgKv Avgv‡`i BwZnv‡miB Ask| Ôevsjv‡`‡ki RvZxqZvev`x AvKv•¶vi Kvwe¨K iƒcKviÕ Kwe kvgmyi ivngvb‡K G-eB‡q cÖ_g nvwRi K‡ib mv¾v` Ges Zuv‡K Lywu U‡q Lywu U‡q cÖkœ K‡i wZwb ïiæ †_‡K Zuvi G‡Kev‡i cwiYZKv‡ji KweRxe‡bi K_v Zuvi gyL †_‡K †hfv‡e †ei K‡i Avb‡Qb, Zvi cvV mwZ¨B †KŠZ‚njRvMvwbqv| Zuvi KweRxe‡bi µgweKv‡ki iƒcwUI †Pv‡Li mvg‡b ¯úó n‡q I‡V| Zuvi KweRxe‡bi `k©bwUI Avovj _vKvi my‡hvM cvq bv| †klZ mv¾v‡`i cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e kvgmyi ivngvb g„Z¨z m¤ú‡K© hv D”PviY K‡ib, †mUv Zuvi Mfxi AbyfeRvZ nvnvKvi-`xY©ZviB bvgvšÍi| mybxj M‡½vcva¨v‡qi mv¶vrKvi wb‡Z wM‡qI mv¾v` kwid Zuvi AKcUZv‡K wemR©b †`bwb| d‡j mybx‡ji evj¨-ˆK‡kvi, †`kZ¨vM, †`kfvMRwbZ `y‡f©vM, mvwnZ¨RM‡Zi m‡½ m¤ú„³Zv, ivRbxwZ, Zuvi AšÍi½ eÜz‡`i K_v, m‡e©vcwi Av‡iv gRv`vi †hme cÖm½ D‡V G‡m‡Q, ZviI g~‡j mv¾v`| d‡j Avgiv cÖvq c~Yv© ½ GK mybxj‡K cvw”Q| GB cvIqv gb‡K D‡ØwjZ K‡i| Av‡`vwbm wmwiqvi Kwe| AvaywbK Aviwe KweZvi AMÖ`Z ~ e‡j Zuv‡K AwfwnZ Kiv nq| †bv‡ej cyi¯‹v‡ii kU©wj‡÷ evievi Zuvi bvg D‡V‡Q| mv¾v` Zuv‡K Ggb cÖkœ K‡ib, g‡b nq cÖk`œ vZvi m‡½ Zuvi eûKv‡ji Rvbv‡kvbv| Av‡`vwbm‡K mv¾v‡`i cÖk,œ ÔAvcwb Kwe I fveyK| ivRbxwZ wb‡qI LyeB †mv”Pvi| Avcwb wK g‡b K‡ib KweZv c„w_ex‡K cv‡ë w`‡Z cv‡i?Õ Gi Rev‡e Av‡`vwbm hLb e‡jb, ÔGKwU Zz”Q †MÖ‡bW ev ¸wj KweZvi †P‡q A‡bK cÖZ¨¶fv‡e cwiw¯’wZ‡K cv‡ë w`‡Z cv‡i| d‡j cwieZ©b K_vUvI Dcjwä Kivi `iKvi Av‡Q| KweZv Ggb wKQy welq‡K cv‡ë †`q, hv KweZv Qvov Avi Ab¨ wKQy w`‡q cvëv‡bv m¤¢e bqÕ, ZLb Zuvi `vk©wbK-g‡bi cwiPq †c‡q cvV‡Ki gb wbwðZB `y¨wZgq n‡q DV‡e| wK¬›Ub we wmwjiI mv¶vrKvi cvVK‡K AvcøZ y Ki‡e| Kxfv‡e wZwb Rxebvb›` `v‡ki †cÖ‡g co‡jb, Kxfv‡e Zuvi Kve¨RM‡Zi m‡½ cwiwPZ n‡jb, Zuvi AšÍi½ Rxebx wjL‡jb, AvK…ó n‡jb gvB‡Kj gaym`~ ‡bi †g`bv`ea Kv‡e¨i Abyev‡` Ñ cÖ‡kœi ci cÖkœ K‡i wmwji Revbx‡Z Zuvi Gme Kv‡Ri †h-weeiY mv¾v` kwid †ei K‡i G‡b‡Qb, Zvi cvV †ivgvÂKi GK AwfÁZv| hy³iv‡R¨i DBwjqvg iuvw`‡P iex›`ªbv_ I gvB‡Kj gaym`~ ‡bi iPbvi Abyev`K I M‡elK| Zuvi †`Iqv GB MÖ‡š’i †QvÆ mv¶vrKv‡i mv¾v` Zuv‡K AKc‡U wR‡Ám K‡ib, ÔMZ cÂvk-lvU eQ‡i BD‡iv‡ci ms¯‹w… Z †hfv‡e cv‡ë‡Q, †hiKg e`‡j †M‡Q Zvi mvwe©K iæwP, bZzb Abyev‡` iex›`ªbv_ KZUzKz MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv cv‡eb †mLv‡b? ZLb Zvi Rev‡e iuvw`‡P e‡jb, ÔLyeB my›`i Ges cÖvmw½K cÖk|œ iex›`ªbv_ wecyj GK Zi‡½i g‡Zv| me mgqB Zuvi KvQ †_‡K wKQy bv wKQy †bIqvi g‡Zv Av‡Q| Bs‡iwR fvlvq †Zgb GKRb Kwe n‡jb †kK&&mwcqi| Avgvi aviYv, iex›`ªbv_ me mgq GKUv KvD›Uvi

135


KvjPv‡ii g‡Zv †_‡K hv‡eb| †Kv‡bv d¨vk‡bej †jL‡Ki g‡Zv wZwb bb| †Kv‡bv eo †jLK Zv nb bv|Õ Gici gšÍe¨ wb®úÖ‡qvRb| mv¾v` g‡b nq iuvw`‡Pi KvQ †_‡K GiKg gšÍe¨ †kvbvi Rb¨ iex›`ªbv_ m¤ú‡K© G-ai‡bi gšÍe¨ K‡iwQ‡jb| cwi‡k‡l GB mv¶vrKv‡i iuvw`‡P kvgmyi ivngvb m¤ú‡K© †h-gšÍe¨ K‡ib, Zv mwZ¨B g‡b cÖMvp Qvc †i‡L hvq| mv¾v` kwi‡di mv¶vrKv‡i KvBqyg †PŠayixi wkíxRxe‡bi cÖvq Av‡`¨vcvšÍ D‡V G‡m‡Q| D‡V G‡m‡Q evsjv‡`‡ki wPÎKjv wk‡íi iƒcvšÍ‡ii BwZnvm, †mBm‡½ Zuvi wb‡Ri Rxe‡bi †e‡o IVv I myL-`yt‡Li K_v, Zuvi wKse`wšÍZj z ¨ wk¶K‡`i K_vI| MÖšR ’ M‡Zi m‡½ Zuvi NwbôZv, cÖKvkbv wk‡íi m‡½ M‡o IVv Zvi †h wbweo ˆkwíK m¤úK© Ñ mv¾v` ZvI Zz‡j G‡b‡Qb wbôvi m‡½| wkíx gwbiæj Bmjvg I kvneywÏb Avn‡g`I G-eB‡q RvqMv K‡i wb‡q‡Qb| `yR‡biB cwiwPwZ †`k Qvwo‡q AvšÍRv© wZK cwim‡i Kg bq| `yRbB Zuv‡`i m„RbkxjZv, Kv‡Ri aib, †`k I we‡`‡k wkíPP©vi cÖKw… Z m¤ú‡K© e‡j‡Qb| Zuv‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ Kiv mv¾v‡`i cÖ‡kœi ci cÖkI œ GKRb Mfxi wkí‡ev×vi g‡ZvB| RbwcÖq Awf‡bÎx Rqv Avnmv‡bi mv¶vrKv‡ii †fZi w`‡q D‡V G‡m‡Q wUwf bvUK †_‡K Zuvi Pjw”PÎRM‡Zi Kzkxje nIqvi K_v| Ges µgk †`k Qvwo‡q cwðge‡½i Pjw”P‡Îi RM‡Z RbwcÖq Awfbqwkíx nIqvi weeiY Zuvi mv¶vrKv‡ii †fZi w`‡q mv¾v` kwid †hfv‡e Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb, Zv †hb wb‡Uvj GK cÖeÜ n‡q D‡V‡Q| kvevbv AvRwg fvi‡Zi GK wKse`wšÍZj z ¨ Awf‡bÎx| †Kvb cwi‡e‡k Zuvi †e‡o IVv, Zuvi AwfbqRxe‡b gv-evev I cwiev‡ii cÖfve, mZ¨wRr ivq I g„Yvj †mbmn weL¨vZ me cwiPvj‡Ki ms¯ú‡k© Avmv, Awfbq K‡i L¨vwZi kxl©Po ‚ vq IVv, cÖvq Pzj‡Pivfv‡e Zv D‡V G‡m‡Q GB mv¶vrKv‡ii gva¨‡g| kvevbv AvRwgi mv¶vrKvi GB eB‡qi GK Ab¨Zg AšÍi½ mv¶vrKvi| c_bvUK w`‡q Zuvi AwfbqRxe‡bi m~Pbv| bvUK wj‡L‡Qb, cwiPvjbv K‡i‡Qb, wb‡R AwfbqI K‡i‡Qb| Ab¨ bvgKiv cwiPvjK‡`i cwiPvwjZ Qwe‡ZI Awfbq K‡i‡Qb| Ges GLb wb‡RB Pjw”PÎ-cwiPvjK| AvšÍRv© wZK L¨vwZI †c‡q‡Qb| GB mv¶vrKv‡ii gva¨‡g D‡V G‡m‡Q bw›`Zv `v‡mi m„Rbkxj Rxe‡bi weeiY| cÖvq mwe¯Ív‡i| Kexi mygb Zuvi mv¶vrKv‡ii ïiæ‡ZB e‡j‡Qb, Ô†`qvj fvOe Ggb †Kv‡bv cY wb‡q Avwg Mvb ïiæ Kwiwb| Avwg †`L‡Z cvw”Qjvg, AvaywbK evsjv Mvb Avgvi me K_v ej‡Q bv| AvaywbK evsjv Mvb Avgvi mg‡qi K_v, Avgvi Rxe‡bi K_v ej‡Q bv| GKUv AZ…wß me mgq wQj|Õ GB AZ…wß †_‡K bZzb auv‡Pi QK-euvavnxb ixwZi Mvb iPbv, myi †`Iqv I †mB Mvb MvIqv| jy‡d †bb Zuv‡K cwðge½ I evsjv‡`‡ki †kÖvZviv| mygb e‡j‡Qb, Zuvi RbwcÖqZvi, msMxZwkíx wn‡m‡e wb‡Ri mwµqevw`Zvi K_v| GKBfv‡e Zejvev`K I msMxZ cÖ‡hvRK RvwKi †nv‡mb Ges G Avi ingv‡bi m‡½ K_v e‡j mvwn‡Z¨i wbLv` gvbyl n‡qI mv¾v` kwid msMxZv½‡bi `yB e¨w³‡Z¡i Rxebmvabvi K_v †hfv‡e cÖ‡kœi ci cÖkœ K‡i †ei K‡i G‡b‡Qb, †mUv ixwZg‡Zv we¯§qRvMvwbqv| ÔmvwnZ¨Õ wefv‡M cuvP e¨w³‡Z¡i mv¶vrKvi wb‡q‡Qb mv¾v`| GLv‡b Av‡Qb †eMg mywdqv Kvgvj, Avwbmy¾vgvb, Avng` Qdv, Zcb ivq‡PŠayix I gvK© U¨vwj| mywdqv Kvgvj e‡j‡Qb mgvRm„ó bvix I cyiæ‡li ga¨Kvi AmgZvi K_v, Zvi †_‡K gyw³i K_v, bvixgyw³i c‡_ eo evav Avgv‡`i mgv‡Ri d‡Zvqvi K_v, fvlv-Av‡›`vj‡b bvixi Amg mvnmx f‚wgKvi K_v, m‡e©vcwi bvixi AMÖhvÎvi c‡_ AšÍivq¸‡jv I Zvi †_‡K gyw³i Ggb me K_v, hv bvix-cyiæl wbwe©‡k‡l mevB‡K fvev‡e| †jLK, M‡elK, RvZxq Aa¨vcK Avwbmy¾vgv‡bi mv¶vrKv‡ii gva¨‡g D‡V G‡m‡Q 1947 mv‡ji fviZ wefvM †_‡K ïiæ K‡i fvlv-Av‡›`vjb, Zvi c‡ii bvbv c‡e©i MYmsMÖvg, †klZ evsjv‡`‡ki

136

gyw³hy‡×i K_v| Av‡Q Zuvi wb‡Ri wewfbœ Av‡›`vj‡b mwµq f‚wgKv ev AskMÖn‡Yi K_v| Kxfv‡e wZwb GKwU wbw`©ó Kvjcwim‡ii w`e¨ mvÿx n‡q Av‡Qb, Zvi weeiY cvV Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q GK AZzjbxq AwfÁZvi kvwgj| cwi‡k‡l wZwb Zuvi mv¶vrKvi †kl K‡i‡Qb GB e‡j, ÔAvgv‡`i g~j P¨v‡jÄ n‡”Q evOvwjZ¡‡K cÖwZôv Kiv Ges wek kZ‡K †hme Dbœqb N‡U‡Q Ñ GB kZK †Zv m‡egvÎ ïiæ n‡jv Ñ Zvi dj mevi Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q †`Iqv| GUv Lye mnR KvR bq; wKš‘ GUv Avgv‡`i Ki‡Z n‡e| cðv`c` †hme fvebvwPšÍv mgv‡R Av‡Q, Zvi m‡½ Av‡iv wKQyw`b Avgv‡`i hy× Ki‡Z n‡e|Õ Kwe, mvwnwZ¨K, cÖvewÜK, Abyev`K Avng` Qdv wb‡Ri mv¶vrKv‡i wZwb evOvwj gymjgv‡bi AMÖMwZi c‡_i AšÍivq¸‡jv Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb ˆkke, ˆK‡kvi I †hŠebKv‡ji bvbv `„óvšÍ Zz‡j a‡i| Ges GKmgq wZwb e‡jb, ÔAvgvi aviYv, gymjgvb mgv‡Ri wek¦e¨vcx wcwQ‡q _vKvi KviY n‡”Q Zv‡`i gvbmRM‡Z GL‡bv ga¨hyM wU‡K Av‡Q| Bûw`iv gymjgvb‡`i †P‡q A‡bK †ewk ag©vÜ Ges †Muvov| wKš‘ Zv‡`i DbœwZ †V‡K _v‡Kwb| agx©q †Muvovwg wb‡qI Zviv AvaywbK hyM Ges Rxeb‡K MÖnY Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Q|Õ cvkvcvwk evsjv‡`‡ki ivR‰bwZK I A_©‰bwZK welq wb‡qI †hme K_v e‡j‡Qb Qdv, Zvi cvV Mfxi wPšÍvi †LvivK †RvMv‡e| BwZnvmwe` Zcb ivq‡PŠayixi mv¶vrKvi G-eB‡qi Ab¨Zg myPviæ mv¶vrKvi| Zuvi GB mv¶vrKvi wb‡Z wM‡q mv¾v` kwid G‡Kev‡i ïiæ‡ZB Zuv‡K j¶ K‡i †h-cÖkwœ U Qy‡o w`‡”Qb, Ges Zvi †h-DËi wZwb cv‡”Qb, †h-hyw³ Zcb ivq‡PŠayix †`Lv‡”Qb, Zv wbwðZB cvV‡Ki g‡bv‡hvM AvKl©Y Ki‡e| mv¾v` wR‡Ám K‡i‡Qb, ÔAvcwb M‡elYv K‡i‡Qb †gvMj Avg‡ji ev weªwUk Dcwb‡e‡ki evsjv wb‡q| wKš‘ ¯§„wZK_v wjL‡Z G‡m Avcwb wd‡i †M‡Qb 1940-Gi `k‡Ki `ywf©¶ Avi †`kfv‡Mi mgqUvq| Avcbvi Rxe‡b G-mg‡qi cÖfve AZ¨šÍ cÖej| G-mgqUv wb‡q Avcwb M‡elYv Ki‡jb bv †Kb?Õ Gi Rev‡e Zcb ivq‡PŠayix †h-hyw³ DÌvcb K‡i‡Qb, Zv‡K †V‡j †djv hv‡e bv| Zvi †gvÏv K_v, Ô†h-mgqUvi m‡½ wb‡Ri Rxe‡bi fv‡jvg›` GZUv RwoZ, KZUv ˆbe©¨w³Kfv‡e †m-mg‡qi BwZnvm †jLv m¤¢e, Zv wb‡q Avgvi m‡›`n Av‡Q|Õ ZvB `~i †gvMj Avgj ev weªwUk Dcwb‡ek Zuvi M‡elYvi welq n‡q I‡V| Zuvi †kl `y‡Uv eB ¯§„wZK_vwbf©i| Zv‡Z Ggbme AwfÁZvi K_v wZwb mim fw½‡Z Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb, Ggb ARvbv me Z_¨ cwi‡ekb K‡i‡Qb, we‡kl K‡i †`kfv‡Mi welqwU wb‡q, cvVK‡K Zv Mfxifv‡e fvev‡e| †k‡ievsjv G †K dRjyj nK m¤ú‡K© †h-`ywU NUbvi D‡jøL­ wZwb K‡i‡Qb GB mv¶vrKv‡i, ZvI cvVK‡K †mB gnr gvbylwU‡K bZzb K‡i wPb‡Z mvnvh¨ Ki‡e| cwi‡k‡l weªwUk mvsevw`K gvK© U¨vwji mv¶vrKvi, whwb 1971-G evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡×i mgq cvjb K‡iwQ‡jb GK HwZnvwmK f‚wgKv, Avgv‡`i gyw³hy‡×i c‡¶ Pvwj‡qwQ‡jb wZwb DrmvnmÂvix ZrciZv wewewmi gva¨‡g| †mB gvK© U¨vwji mv¶vrKvi wb‡Z wM‡q mv¾v` kwid Rvb‡Qb Zuvi cuvP cyiæ‡li BwZnvm, hv‡`i fvM¨ †Kv‡bv-bv-†Kv‡bvfv‡e e„nËi fviZe‡l©i m‡½ RwoZ| Zuvi gv‡qi Rš§ evsjv‡`‡ki AvLvDovq| GB AšÍi½ mv¶vrKv‡i fviZ-fv‡Mi djvdj ev cwiYwZ m¤ú‡K© †h-Dw³ wZwb K‡i‡Qb, Zv bZzb K‡i g~j¨vq‡bi `vwe iv‡L| e‡j‡Qb gyw³hy‡×i c‡¶, evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxb nIqvi c‡¶ Zvi cÖej hyw³i K_v| e½eÜz †kL gywy Reyi ingv‡bi m‡½ Zuvi mv¶vr-¯§„wZi K_v Awe¯§iYxq e‡j gšÍe¨ K‡i‡Qb wZwb| †h-DwbkwU mv¶vrKvi wb‡q G-eB‡qi Rš§, Av‡MB ejv n‡q‡Q, Zvi g~j KvwiMi mv¾v` kwid| K_vq e‡j, mevB mv¶vrKvi wb‡Z Rv‡bb bv| huviv Rv‡bb, Zuviv †mvbvi dmj N‡i †Zv‡jb| †mB mvg‡_©¨i †Rv‡i mv¾v` kwid G-eB‡qi fuvov‡i †mvbvi ci †mvbv Zz‡j‡Qb, Avgv‡`i mvgvwRK I mvs¯‹w… ZK BwZnv‡m hv ¯’vqx m¤ú` n‡q _vK‡e| Zuvi Rb¨ A‡bK fv‡jvevmv| G-eB‡qi eûj cÖPvi Kvgbv Kwi| r

Profile for Bengal Foundation

Kali O Kalam December 2019  

Kali O Kalam December 2019  

Advertisement