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ˆmq` kvgmyj nK 1935Ñ2016

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q` kvgmyj nK MZ 27 †m‡Þ¤^i, 2016 ci‡jvKMgb K‡i‡Qb| wZwb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i cÖev`cÖwZg GK e¨w³Z¡ n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb| mvwn‡Z¨i mKj kvLvq Zuvi m„Rbx DrKl©, eûgyLxb K‡g©i †h D¾¡j ¯^vÿi wZwb †i‡L †M‡Qb, Zv evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i fzeb‡K mg„× K‡i‡Q| weMZ kZvãxi cÂv‡ki `kK †_‡K evsjv‡`‡ki mvwn‡Z¨ nv‡Z‡Mvbv †h K‡qKRb AvaywbKZvi c_ wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wQ‡jb Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg| `xN©w`‡bi PP©v I mvabvi ga¨ w`‡q wZwb n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i GK D¾¡j bÿÎ| KweZv, †QvUMí, Dcb¨vm, †gŠwjK bvUK m„Rb, mvwn‡Z¨i Kjvg iPbvq I †kK&mwcqi-Abyev` Zuvi †jLbxi ˆewk‡ó¨ I Rxe‡bi iƒcvq‡Y bZzb gvÎv AR©b K‡i‡Q| mvwn‡Z¨i wewfbœ wefvM‡K Zuvi m„Rb‰efe Øviv wZwb †h-D”PZvq ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb Zvi †Kv‡bv Zzjbv †bB| Zuvi KweZv I M`¨ iPbvi ˆkjx DËiKv‡ji Rb¨ AbyKiY‡hvM¨ n‡q D‡V‡Q| mvwn‡Z¨i PP©v I mvabv Zuvi Rxe‡bi m‡½ A½vw½fv‡e wg‡k wM‡qwQj| Zuvi M‡`¨i ˆkjx, bvU‡Ki msjvc I Kve¨fvlvi ˆewkó¨ evsjv mvwnZ¨‡K bexb Av‡e‡M `xwcZ K‡i‡Q Ñ G e¨vcv‡i AvR Avi m‡›`n †bB| Rb¥jMœ †_‡K Kvwj I Kj‡gi m‡½ Zuvi cÖxwZgq m¤úK© M‡o D‡VwQj| wZwb wQ‡jb G cwÎKvi ïfv_x©| Zuvi AMwYZ iPbv Kvwj I Kj‡g cί’ n‡q‡Q| me¨mvPx GB †jL‡Ki g„Zz¨ †`k I RvwZi Rb¨ GK weivU ÿwZ| Zuvi mvwnZ¨PP©v mgvR, ms¯‹…wZ I ivRbxwZi m‡½ m¤ú„³ wQj| Zuvi g„Zz¨‡Z †h ÿwZ nj Zv mn‡R c~iY n‡e bv| Kvwj I Kj‡gi AMÖnvqY msL¨vwU Zuvi ¯§„wZi D‡Ï‡k wb‡ew`Z n‡jv|

3


cÖKvkK Aveyj Lv‡qi m¤úv`KgÐjxi mfvcwZ Avwbmy¾vgvb m¤úv`K Aveyj nvmbvZ m¤úv`KgÐjx myeªZ eo–qv iæex ingvb jyfv bvwn` †PŠayix

mvwnZ¨ wkí ms¯‹…wZ welqK gvwmK cwÎKv

·qv`k el© : `kg msL¨v l AMÖnvqY 1423 : b‡f¤^i 2016

m~ wP c Î 7 Avgv‡`i AvcbRb l wmivRyj Bmjvg †PŠayix 17 ˆmq` nK l Avwbmy¾vgvb 19 civ‡bi Mnxb wfZicv‡b l ZiæY mvb¨vj 22 ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : mvwn‡Z¨i w`e¨i‡_ l †mwjbv †nv‡mb 27 mvwnZ¨-m„R‡b Abb¨ cyiæl ˆmq` kvgmyj nK l AvZvDi ingvb 32 Dcgvi ivRv ˆmq` kvgmyj nK l †di‡`Šmx gRyg`vi 34 P‡j †M‡jb wkíx‡`i wn‰Zlx nKfvB l iwdKzb bex 37 K‡ivwU‡Z msmvi l gvgybyi ikx` 39 Zuvi `xN© Qvqv l iv‡g›`y gRyg`vi 42 ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : cUf‚wg I we¯Ívi l gwd`yj nK 47 ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : GK we¯§qKi bvU¨Kvi l Awbiæ× wek¦vm 50 ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZv : wbg©vYKjvq ˆewPΨwejvmx l Avwe` Av‡bvqvi 60 ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : bv‡qi wfZi w_Kv WvK `¨vq fzeb l Aveyj †gv‡gb 81 Rxe‡bi †fv³v I `k©K l gnxeyj AvwRR 84 kvgmyj n‡Ki K‡ivwU-wjwc l iweksKi ej 87 K_v‡Kvwe` ˆmq` kvgmyj nK l Avn‡g` gvIjv 90 cv‡q De©i cwj l nvexeyjøvn wmivRx 92 ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : m„wókxj Rxe‡bi e¨Äbv l Avngv` gvhnvi 95 ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : †jL‡Ki AvwfRvZ¨ l RvwKi ZvjyK`vi 97 ˆmq` nK : Abb¨Zvi m~Îmg~n l †gv¯Ídv ZvwiKzj Avnmvb 101 ˆmq` n‡Ki wbg©vY I †mŠa : gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ l gwb nvq`vi 105 eûgyLx m„wó : eûgvwÎK mvwnwZ¨K l myiÄb wg‡Ï

109 RjKvwnwb l nwiksKi Rj`vm 113 ˆmq` n‡Ki ÔeªþcyÎÕ l BmgvBj mv`x 116 G‡mv GB K‡evò M‡Z© : KweZv n‡q-IVvi MíUv l wiqv PµeZx© 119 cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq : Ae¨_© exRf‚wgi msÁv I wbwg©wZ l knx` BKevj 124 ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : Abycg ¯§„wZi evnK l wcqvm gwR` 133 ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki gyw³hy‡×i KweZv l Avwgbyi ingvb myjZvb 139 ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki AgiZ¡ Ñ mvwnZ¨ Ges †cÖiYv l †gvwgb †g‡n`x 145 bxieZv, k~b¨Zv, wbtm½Zv l wØZxq ˆmq`-nK A cÖ Kv wk Z K we Zv 65 AcÖKvwkZ AvUwU KweZv l ˆmq` kvgmyj nK A cÖ Kv wk Z M í 70 gbMov KzKz‡ii K‡b †`Lv l ˆmq` kvgmyj nK 72 ga¨iv‡Z l ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wb ‡e w` Z K we Zv 75-79 K_v n‡e l k•L †Nvl/ Z…‡Y-QvIqv Avw`g wVKvbv l Avmv` †PŠayix/ Rv`yKi l BKevj nvmvb/ †n me¨mvPx l nvwdR iwk` Lvb/ civM AuvKv dzj l wek¦wRr gÐj/ cÖ_g ARy©b l Rjwa nvj`vi/ Kwe P‡j †M‡Q? l Avb›`gqx gRyg`vi/ †m Pwj hvq †Kb& l †Rvev‡qi wgjb/ GL‡bv Lyu‡R wdiwQ l gv‡R`yj nK A by ev ` K we Zv 129 ee wWjv‡bi KweZv l Abyev` : ˆmq` kvgmyj nK

†jLv cvVvevi I †hvMv‡hv‡Mi wVKvbv : m¤úv`K, Kvwj I Kjg, †e½j †m›Uvi, cøU-2, wmwfj Gwf‡qkb, wbD Gqvi‡cvU© †ivW, wLj‡¶Z, XvKv-1229, evsjv‡`k| †dvb : 09666773311, 09606773311| Kvwj I Kj‡g cvVv‡bv iPbvi m‡½ wVKvbv I †Uwj‡dvb b¤^i †`Iqvi Rb¨ Aby‡iva Kiv †Mj| AvBm wgwWqv wjwg‡U‡Wi c‡¶ Aveyj Lv‡qi KZ…©K Kzkj †m›Uvi, cø­U 29, †m±i 3, DËiv Av/G, XvKv-1230 †_‡K cÖKvwkZ Ges Gg †K wcÖ›Uvm© A¨vÛ c¨v‡KwRs, 189/G †ZRMuvI wk/G, XvKv-1208 †_‡K gyw`ªZ| m¤úv`Kxq I evwYwR¨K Kvh©vjq : †e½j †m›Uvi, cøU 2, wmwfj Gwf‡qkb, wbD Gqvi‡cvU© †ivW, wLj‡¶Z, XvKv-1229| †dvb : + [880 2] 09666773311, 09606773311 B-†gBj : mail@kaliokalam.com| I‡qe : www.kaliokalam.com

5


Avgv‡`i AvcbRb

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wmivRyj Bmjvg †PŠayix

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8

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wjL‡Zb †Mu‡_ †hZ cvV‡Ki g‡b| Zuvi mKj iPbvB KweZvi g‡Zv, Ges Zuvi gbxlvi we‡kl cÖKvk N‡U‡Q Zuvi Kve¨bv‡U¨, †hLv‡b KweZv I bvUK GKÎ n‡q †M‡Q| Zuvi †h-†Kv‡bv iPbv‡ZB IB `yB‡qi GK·hvMUv †Ui cvIqv hvq, †hwUi AmvaviY cÖKvk N‡U‡Q b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb I cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq Kve¨bvUK `ywU‡Z| e¨w³MZ K_vevZ©v‡ZI KwecÖwZfvi Dcw¯’wZUv †Ui cvIqv †hZ| g‡b c‡o, GKevi GK †Uwjwfkb bvU¨cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq Avgiv wePviK wQjvg; ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, AvwZKzj nK †PŠayix I Avwg| AwWI-wfwWI‡Z bvUK¸‡jv †`L‡Z nw”Qj| Avgv‡`i †fZi †K GKRb ej‡jb, KvRUvi Rb¨ †Zv m¤§vbxi e¨e¯’v _vKv `iKvi| Avgiv GKgZ njvg| e¨e¯’vcKiv ej‡jb, Zuviv ¯úb&mi‡K Rvbv‡eb| `y-w`b c‡i Avevi hLb wgwjZ n‡qwQ ˆmq` nK ej‡jb, ¯úb&m‡ii m‡½ Zuvi †`Lv n‡qwQj, Ges K_vUv wZwb Zz‡jwQ‡jb| ï‡b ¯úb&mi bvwK e‡j‡Qb, wZwb †Zv AvKvk †_‡K co‡jb| Avwg e‡jwQjvg, ÔAvcwb Zuv‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡jb bv Zuvi AvKvkUv KZ DuPz wQj?Õ ˆmq` nK ej‡jb, Ônu¨v, K‡iwQjvg| e‡jwQjvg, Zv e¨_vU¨_v cvbwb †Zv?Õ ZrÿYvr eySjvg wZwb †Kb KweZv †j‡Lb, Avi Avwg †Kb wjwL cÖeÜ| K_v GKB, wKš‘ Zuvi wRÁvmvq †mUv †Kgb RxešÍ I `„k¨gvb n‡q D‡V‡Q, Avgvi K_vi Zzjbvq| g‡b c‡o Av‡iKw`‡bi K_v| Avgiv e‡mwQjvg knx` wgbv‡ii cv`‡`‡k Ñ kvgmyi ivngvb, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK I Avwg; cvkvcvwk| mfv ZL‡bv ïiæ nq wb; kvgmyi ivngvb ej‡jb, Ônvmv‡bi K_v Lye g‡b co‡Q|Õ nvmvb gv‡b nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb| Avwg ejjvg, Ônu¨v, nvmvb fvB‡qi †Zv AvR GLv‡b _vKvi K_v wQj|Õ ˆmq` nK ej‡jb, ÔAvwg †hb ïb‡Z †cjvg nvmvb Pzwc Pzwc ej‡Qb, GKUz miæb, Avwg em‡ev|Õ Ggb fv‡e ej‡jb †h Avgvi g‡b n‡qwQj †cQ‡b wd‡i ZvKv‡j †`L‡Z cv‡ev nvmvbfvB `uvwo‡q Av‡Qb| IB ÿgZvUv Kwei, M`¨‡jL‡Ki bq| cv_©K¨Uv evievi †`wL, †`Levi e¨vcviI ˆewK| GKB cwÎKvq Avgiv wj‡LwQ, wKš‘ AvMÖ‡ni †ÿÎ wQj wfbœ-wfbœ| Avgvi g~j AvMÖnUv wQj ms¯‹…wZ‡Z, mvwnZ¨ Avm‡Zv ms¯‹…wZi Ask wn‡m‡e| kvgmyj n‡Ki e¨vcviUv wQj G‡Kev‡i wfbœ| Zuvi Kv‡Q mvwnZ¨B wQj †K›`ªf‚wg‡Z, ms¯‹…wZ‡K Avm‡Z n‡Zv mvwn‡Z¨i cÖ‡qvR‡b| wewPÎv GK mg‡q AZ¨šÍ RbwcÖq mvßvwnK wQj, †mLv‡b kvgmyj nK Kjvg wjL‡Zb ÔgvwR©‡b gšÍe¨Õ, Avwg wjLZvg ÔDci-KvVv‡gvi †fZ‡iBÕ| ˆ`wbK msev‡`I wjLZvg `y-R‡bB| kvgmyj nK wjL‡Zb mvwnZ¨ mvgwqKx‡Z; Kjv‡gi bvg ÔürKj‡gi Uv‡bÕ, Avwg wjLZvg Dcm¤úv`Kxq cvZv‡Z, bvg Ômgq ewnqv hvqÕ, †jL‡Ki bvg ÔMvQcv_iÕ| cv_©K¨Uv cwi®‹vi| h_v_© Kweiv fv‡jv M`¨I †j‡Lb, ˆmq` nKI wjL‡Zb| Ab¨ GKw`b Avgiv wQjvg eo GK AwWUwiqv‡gi g‡Â| mewKQzB †mLv‡b eo-eo, †kÖvZvi msL¨v Qvov| kvgmyj nK ej‡jb, ÔIB †h †`Lyb GKRb †kÖvZv Avm‡Qb| Avgvi ¯¿x!Õ Avwg e‡jwQjvg, Ôe¨e¯’v K‡i G‡mwQ‡jb eywS?Õ kvgmyj nK ej‡jb, Ônu¨v| Rvwb †Zv GgbUv n‡e|Õ kvgmyj nK Rvb‡Zb, wKš‘ gvb‡Zb bv| Rvb‡Zb †h, mvwnZ¨PP©vi Rb¨ cwi‡ek I cwiw¯’wZ †gv‡UB AbyK‚j bq, eis LyeB weiƒc; wKš‘ †mUv‡K gvb‡Zb bv| Zuvi me Kv‡RB mg‡qi cÖwZK‚jZv‡K †g‡b bv-†bIqvi e¨vcviUv wQj| weiƒc we‡k¦ wZwb wQ‡jb GKRb

10

mvnmx gvbyl| Zuvi b~ij`x‡bi g‡Zv| mgq †Zv gvby‡li wgÎ bq| e¨w³MZ mgq kÎæZv K‡i, e¨w³‡K AbeiZ g„Zz¨i w`‡K †Vj‡Z _v‡K, R‡b¥i ci †_‡KB; Avi mgwóMZ mgq K‡i wVK Dj‡Uv KvR, _vwg‡q w`‡Z Pvq, Lywk nq _vwg‡q ivL‡Z cvi‡j| kvgmyj nK IB `yB mg‡qi †Kv‡bvwUi Kv‡QB bZ nb wb| e¨w³MZ mg‡qi ˆewiZv‡K Rq Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb wb‡Ri Kv‡Ri ga¨ w`‡q, mgwóMZ mgq‡K AwZµg Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb mgmvgwqKZvi mxgvbv j•Nb K‡i, AvaywbK nIqvi kÖg I A½xKv‡ii ga¨ w`‡q| Avgiv †Zv Rvwb †h, mgmvgwqK nIqvUv KwVb bq, wKš‘ AvaywbK nIqvUv LyeB KwVb| AbyKiY, AbymiY, PvwjqvwZ, XO, fvefw½ Ñ Gme mgmvgwqKZvi jÿY| AvaywbKZv Mfx‡ii e¨vcvi; AvaywbKZvq mgmvgwqKZv _v‡K wVKB, wKš‘ †mB m‡½ _v‡K mgmvgwq‡Ki GKwU g~j¨vqb Ges mgmvgwqK‡K AwZµg K‡i hvIqvi †Póv| G A‡_© wZwi‡ki †jLK‡`i mK‡jB mgmvgwqK wQ‡jb, wKš‘ mevB AvaywbK wQ‡jb bv| iex›`ªbv‡_i K_v ev`, wZwb memg‡qB AvaywbK; iex›`ªbv‡_i c‡i AvaywbK wQ‡jb we‡klfv‡e `y-Rb, KvRx bRiæj Bmjvg I Rxebvb›` `vk| ˆmq` kvgmyj nKI AvaywbK wQ‡jb IB A‡_©B| wZwb mgmvgwqK wQ‡jb, wKš‘ Zuvi mxgvbv wWwO‡q †h‡Z m‡Pó †_‡K‡Qb| †hRb¨ †`wL, wZwb P‡j hv‡”Qb BwZnv‡mi Kv‡Q, mwbœKUeZx© n‡”Qb gyw³hy× I K…lK-we‡`ªv‡ni, Ges Kve¨fvlv‡Z †jvKfvlvi kã, evK¨ I ixwZ‡K wb‡q Avm‡Qb| Avevi wb‡Ri †fZ‡i jvjb-cvjb Ki‡Qb AvšÍR©vwZKZv‡K| Zuvi evj¨Kvj †K‡U‡Q KzwoMÖv‡g| †mLv‡bB _vK‡Z cvi‡Zb| wKš‘ Zuvi gbxlv Zuv‡K †mLv‡b _vK‡Z †`q wb, †`Iqvi K_vI bq| Zvov w`‡q wb‡q G‡m‡Q XvKv‡Z| c‡i XvKv †_‡K P‡j †M‡Qb jÛ‡b| GK mg‡q emevm wQj XvKv‡Z I jÛ‡b; wKš‘ gvbylUv i‡q †M‡Qb KzwoMÖv‡giB| MÖvg¨ gvbyl bb, AvaywbK gvbyl, wKš‘ evsjvi gvbyl, Ôwekvj evsjvÕi, †h-bv‡g Zuvi GKUv eB Av‡Q, †h-eB‡Z evsjvi gvby‡li m‡½ Zuvi †gjv‡gkvi Kvwnwb Av‡Q, Dcb¨v‡mi AvKv‡i bq, wi‡cv‡U©i AvKv‡i| evsjvi gvbyl I cÖK…wZ Zuv‡K Qv‡o wb, wZwbI Zv‡`i‡K Qv‡ob wb| Kÿ‡bv bq| †kl wVKvbv Zuvi GB MÖv‡gB| kvgmyj n‡Ki †fZi MÖvg¨Zvi evjvB wQj bv| MÖv‡gi msKxY©Zv, Aím‡šÍvl, ÿz`ªgb¯‹Zv, KjncÖeYZv Ñ Gme †_‡K A‡bK-A‡bK `~‡i wQ‡jb wZwb| †mme mvgvb¨Zv †_‡K Qz‡U †ei n‡q G‡mwQ‡jb ˆK‡kv‡i, wKš‘ wVKvbv w¯’i wQj evsjvi Rbc‡`B| B”QvUv cÖZ¨veZ©‡bi wQj bv, wQj wew”Qbœ bv-nIqvi| ˆmq` nK wew”Qbœ n‡Z cy‡ivcywi Am¤§Z wQ‡jb| wew”QbœZv wRwbmUv meKv‡jB mZ¨ wQj| wKš‘ G-Kv‡j †mUv Pig AvKvi aviY K‡i‡Q| cyuwRev`x DbœwZ †hvMv‡hv‡Mi Dcvq¸‡jv‡K Afvebxq DrK‡l© wb‡q †M‡Q, wKš‘ e¨w³gvbyl †Kewj Lv‡Uv n‡q co‡Q, h_v_© †hvMv‡hv‡Mi Afv‡e| hš¿ gvbyl‡K Kv‡Q Av‡b, wKš‘ `~‡iI iv‡L| h‡š¿i Kvi‡Y gvby‡l gvby‡l ˆgÎx M‡o I‡V bv| kvgmyj n‡Ki †jLv‡ZB c‡owQ GKwU KvíwbK wKš‘ AZ¨šÍ ev¯ÍweK NUbvi K_v| S‡oi iv‡Zi AÜKv‡i GK RvqMvq AvkÖq wb‡qwQj wecbœ GKwU gvbyl| †`‡L cv‡k Av‡Q GKwU KzKzi| wKš‘ `ywU cÖvYxi †KD KvD‡K wKQz ej‡Q bv, bxi‡e mnve¯’vb Ki‡Q `y-R‡b| eRªwe`y¨‡Zi †fZi wfR‡Z-wfR‡Z nVvr †mLv‡b G‡m Dcw¯’Z n‡q‡Q Av‡iKwU gvbyl| G‡K Aci‡K †`‡L Pg‡K D‡V‡Q Zviv f‡q| Kx Ki‡e †f‡e cv‡”Q bv, Kx NU‡Z cv‡i Kíbv K‡i AvZ‡¼ Kuvc‡Q|


†e½j wkívj‡q 2011 mv‡j cÖL¨vZ wPÎwkíx KvBqyg †PŠayixi wPÎ-cÖ`k©bxi D‡Øvabx Abyôv‡b Ab¨‡`i m‡½ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK cÖK…wZ kÎæZv Ki‡Q, wKš‘ gvbyl n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q gvby‡li me‡P‡q eo kÎæ| GB wew”QbœZv `~i Ki‡Z cv‡i mvwnZ¨| ˆmq` nK IB wew”QbœZvi weiæ‡× wQ‡jb, †mRb¨B mvwnZ¨PP©v Ki‡Zb| wb‡R wZwb hy³ n‡Z †P‡q‡Qb; gvby‡li m‡½, cÖK…wZi m‡½, BwZnv‡mi m‡½| Ges cvVK‡`i mvnvh¨ K‡i‡Qb wew”QbœZv KvwU‡q DV‡Z, ms‡e`bkxjZv e„w×i ga¨ w`‡q| kvgmyj nK co‡Z fv‡jvevm‡Zb| mvwnZ¨cvVB wQj Zuvi cÖavb we‡bv`b| wek¦mvwnZ¨ co‡Zb, ¯’vbxq †jLv co‡Zb| g‡b c‡o †iwWI‡Z cvV-Kiv Avgvi GKwU †jLv Qvcv n‡qwQj gvwmK c~evjx‡Z| kvgmyj nK ej‡jb, ÔAvcbvi †jLvwU cojvg|Õ Avwg e‡jwQ, IwU wKš‘ †iwWI UK| †n‡m ej‡jb, ÔZvB? Avwg fvejvg ÷vBj e`j Ki‡jb eywS|Õ ÷vBj wb‡q cixÿv-wbixÿv kvgmyj nK Ki‡Zb| Ab¨iv Ki‡Q †`L‡j Lywk n‡Zb| cÖwZfvI wKš‘ gwjb n‡q hvq e¨envi bv Ki‡j| ˆmq` nK Zuvi cÖwZfv‡K wbišÍi e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| A_©vr cwikÖg K‡i‡Qb| G‡ÿ‡Î wZwb GKRb †gnbwZ gvbyl, †hb K…lKB GKRb| Zuvi mg‡q cÖwZfvevb gvbyl Av‡iv wQ‡jb wbðqB, mvwn‡Z¨i PP©v‡ZI wQ‡jb; wKš‘ Zuviv AZ`~i †h‡Z cv‡ib wb, ˆmq` nK hZUv †M‡Qb| KvD‡K MÖvm K‡i †d‡j‡Q †ckv, †KD nq‡Zv f½ w`‡q‡Qb i‡Y Ñ †gnb‡Zi f‡q| Avgv‡`i GK eÜz wQj, Avwe` †nv‡mb| †mI cov‡kvbv †kl K‡i wb| _vW© Bqv‡i D‡V weG wWwMÖ wb‡q P‡j †M‡Q we‡j‡Z, e¨vwi÷vi nIqvi Rb¨| Zz‡Lvo wQj Pj‡b ej‡b, cÖZz¨rcbœgwZ‡Z¡| ü`q wQj Eò| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki ˆmq` nK bvgUv ZuviB †`Iqv| Avwe` e¨vwi÷vi n‡qwQj, †`‡kI wd‡i G‡mwQj| wKš‘ †diZ P‡j †M‡Q GKvˇii MYnZ¨vi ïiæ‡ZB| Gi Aí c‡i gviv †M‡Q †m jÛ‡bB| †eu‡P _vK‡j Avwe` wbðqB Avevi wd‡i Avm‡Zv, wKš‘ h‡_vchy³ Kg©f‚wg †c‡Z Zuvi Kó

n‡Zv| ˆmq` n‡Ki †ejv‡Z †mUv N‡U wb, Zuvi Kg©‡ÿÎ wQj mywbw`©ó, †mLvb †_‡K wZwb b‡ob wb| GK PzjI bq| cÂv‡ki `k‡K Avgiv hviv †e‡o D‡VwQ, Zviv Qwo‡q c‡owQ bvbv †ÿ‡Î I c‡_, c_ †h wb®‹ÈK wQj Zv bq, Zey wKQz-wKQz my‡hvM G‡mwQj, GKUv my‡hvM bvMwiK nIqvi| Avgv‡`i †KŠZ‚nj wQj, D‡ØM wQj, Avgiv mš‘ó wQjvg bv| Avgiv ivóªfvlv Av‡›`vj‡b †hvM w`‡qwQ, Avgiv †f‡ewQ, mgvR I ivóª †hfv‡e Pj‡Q †Zgb fv‡e Pjv DwPZ bq| D”Pwkÿvi Rb¨ A‡b‡K we‡`‡k †M‡Q| ˆmq` nKI wM‡qwQ‡jb, cÖvwZôvwbK D”Pwkÿvi Rb¨ bq, †mUv †Zv Zuvi auv‡PB wQj bv, wM‡qwQ‡jb †ckvMZfv‡e KvR Ki‡Z, wewewm‡Z| wKš‘ jÛb †Zv wb‡RB GKUv eo wek¦we`¨vjq Ñ Db¥y³ Ges cÖk¯Í| †mLv‡b mvwnZ¨PP©vi Rb¨ cvVMÖn‡Yi hZ¸‡jv my‡hvM wQj wZwb e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| c‡o‡Qb, cÖPzi cwigv‡Y, Ges bvUK †`‡L‡Qb, hLbB my‡hvM †c‡q‡Qb| Avi Zuvi me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© †h-KvR, b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb, Zvi Rb¨ B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwbi wPwVcÎ †`‡L‡Qb, BwÛqv Awdm jvB‡eªwi‡Z wM‡q| Zuvi †fZiKvi AvšÍR©vwZKZv I BwZnv‡mi †eva `y‡UvB mg„× n‡q‡Q jÛb-cÖev‡m| cÂv‡ki IB `k‡K Avgv‡`i GB XvKv kni Avo‡gvov fvOwQj| RvM‡e, Zv‡K RvM‡Z n‡e, †mUv †m †Ui †c‡q‡Q| wKš‘ †R‡M D‡V Ki‡eUv Kx, wVK eyS‡Z cv‡i wb| Zv‡K AvaywbK n‡Z n‡e, Zvi Rb¨ `vjvb‡KvVv, iv¯ÍvNvU, hvbevnb, †jLvcov Ñ Gme †h jvM‡e †mUv †m †R‡b‡Q; wKš‘ Av‡iv Kx jvM‡e Zv eyS‡Z cv‡i wb Avgv‡`i GB kni| huviv KZ©v wQ‡jb iv‡óªi Zuviv wb‡R‡`i ¯^v_© eyS‡Zb, Rb¯^v_© G‡Kev‡iB eyS‡Zb bv| ZiæYivI †Póv KiwQj wb‡R-wb‡R, A‡bKUv GKv-GKvB AvaywbK nIqvi| av°vUv wKš‘ G‡mwQj evqvbœ‡ZB, ivóªfvlv Av‡›`vj‡bi †fZi w`‡q| †m-Av‡›`vjb ga¨weˇK

11


2014 mv‡j evsjv GKv‡Wwg‡Z Ave`yj Mvd&dvi †PŠayixi AkxwZZg Rb¥evwl©Kx‡Z ˆmq` kvgmyj nK

kvgmyj nK †kK&mwcq‡ii Pvi-PviwU bvUK Abyev` K‡i‡Qb; g¨vK‡e_, †Ug‡c÷, Uªqjvm A¨vÛ †µwmWv Ges me‡k‡l n¨vg‡jU| Abyev‡` wZwb GK‡Î wb‡qvM K‡i‡Qb Zuvi Kve¨cÖwZfv I kÖgkxjZv‡K| 12

GKB m‡½ ivRbxwZgb¯‹ I RvZxqZvev`x K‡i Zzj‡jv| †mUv GKUv w`K, Av‡iKUv w`K cwð‡gi AbymiY Kiv, A‡bK †ÿ‡ÎB hv AbyKi‡Y cwiYZ n‡Zv| A‡bK ZiæYB GKUv Av”QbœZvi †fZi c‡owQj| c‡owQ‡jb nq‡Zv kvgmyj nKI| wKš‘ Zuvi Rb¨ AvkÖ‡qi RvqMvUv wQj mvwn‡Z¨| Avi wQj cÖwZfv| Avgiv †`Ljvg, kvgmyj nK bvMwiK iæwP‡K jvjb Ki‡Qb, Zuvi wb‡Ri g‡a¨| bvMwiK Rxeb‡K wb‡q Avm‡Z PvB‡Qb Zuvi mvwn‡Z¨| Zuvi M‡íi eB‡qi bvg `uvov‡”Q Zvm, Dcb¨v‡mi bvg w`‡”Qb GK gwnjvi Qwe| GK gwnjvi Qwe bvgwU g‡b Kwi‡q †`q Av‡gwiKvb Jcb¨vwmK †nbwi †Rg‡mi Dcb¨vm w` †cv‡Uª©BU Ae G †jwWi K_v| wKš‘ †nbwi †Rgm Zuvi bvwqKvi Rb¨ †h-iK‡gi D”PweË bvMwiK mgvR‡K AwZmn‡R †c‡q‡Qb, kvgmyj nK Zv cv‡eb †Kv_vq? cvb wb, Zey †Póv K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi A‡bK Kv‡Ri g‡a¨ Lye eo gv‡ci KvR n‡”Q Abyev`| AKvZ‡i Abyev` K‡i‡Qb KweZv, Dcb¨vm I bvUK| Abyev`

Avgv‡`i Rb¨ g¯Í eo P¨v‡jÄ| Abyev` Qvov we‡k¦i ÁvbweÁvb‡K AvZ¥¯’ Kivi Dcvq †bB| Abyev‡`i †fZi w`‡q fvlvi MÖnY, aviY I cÖKvk Ñ wZbwU ÿgZvB e„w× cvIqvi K_v| wKš‘ `vwqZ¡Uv Avgiv Kuv‡a Zz‡j wb‡Z cvwi wb| Av‡iv A‡bK RvqMvi g‡Zv, IBLv‡bI Avgv‡`i AvaywbKZv me‡j D‡V `uvovq wb| cÂv‡ki `k‡K, wµ‡K‡U nvwbd †gvnv¤§` †mÂzwi K‡i‡Qb Ñ GB Lei msev`cÎ Awd‡m Ab~w`Z n‡qwQj Ônvwbd GK kZvãx awiqv e¨vUvB‡Z‡QÕ iƒ‡c| mgwóMZ wbwi‡L Avgiv †mLvb †_‡K Lye †ewk DuPz‡Z DV‡Z †c‡iwQ, GgbUv g‡b Kivi KviY †bB| G‡ÿ‡Î ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KvR ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| Jcb¨vwmK mj †e‡jv †bv‡ej cyi¯‹vi †c‡qwQ‡jb, Zuvi Dcb¨vm †nÛvimb w` †iBb wKs‡qi Abyev` ˆmq` nK K‡i‡Qb kÖveYivRv bvg w`‡q| IB iK‡gi bvg GKRb Kwei c‡ÿB †`Iqv m¤¢e, †fZ‡ii Abyev`I Kwei nv‡ZiB| kvgmyj nK †kK&mwcq‡ii Pvi-PviwU bvUK Abyev` K‡i‡Qb; g¨vK‡e_, †Ug‡c÷, Uªqjvm A¨vÛ †µwmWv Ges me‡k‡l


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†_‡K| Zviv fvM †P‡q‡Q| hyeK wZbRb mܨv‡ejv e‡b G‡mwQj KuvVvjMv‡Qi cvZv KvU‡Z| e‡bi †fZi evei I Rv‡n`v‡K †c‡q Rv‡n`v‡K Zviv wQwb‡q wb‡q‡Q, Ges evei‡K Qzwi w`‡q Kzwc‡q‡Q| Zviv †f‡ewQj evei evav †`‡e, wKš‘ eve‡ii †Zgb †Kv‡bv B”Qv wQj bv, †Kbbv Zvi wb‡Ri KvRUv †m BwZg‡a¨B †m‡i †d‡j‡Q, Rv‡n`vi e¨vcv‡i Zvi ZvB †Kv‡bv Drmvn Aewkó †bB| wKš‘ eve‡ii Rb¨ wec`Uv evavj Rv‡n`vB, cÖ_‡g, Ôevev-ev-evÕ, c‡i Ô`v-`v-`vÕ e‡j AvZ©bv` K‡i| d‡j eve‡ii †fZi fwMœ¯§„wZ †R‡M D‡V‡Q, Ges cÖej kw³‡Z †m wQbZvBKvix al©‡Yvb¥yL hyeK‡`i Kej †_‡K Rv‡n`v‡K D×vi K‡i‡Q| Zvici AwZkq `ªæZ‡e‡M †gvUi Pvjv‡Z wM‡q iv¯Ív †_‡K wb‡P c‡o wM‡q Rv‡n`vmn wbnZ n‡q‡Q| Zvi IB cwiYwZ‡Z cvV‡Ki cÖwZwµqvUv Kx nIqvi K_v †mUv ejv gykwKj| Zvi KviY, wK‡kvix‡`i Kv‡Q wn‡iv n‡jI cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q Zvi c‡ÿ wn‡iv nIqvUv `ytmva¨| Zvi ˆbwZKZvi m‡½ AZx‡Z ea©gvb kn‡i †h-¸Ûviv Zvi †evb‡K AcniY K‡iwQj, Ges eZ©gv‡b e‡bi †fZi hviv Rv‡n`v‡K al©Y Ki‡Z D`¨Z n‡q‡Q, Zv‡`i Kv‡Ri †h-cv_©K¨ †mUv Avei‡Yi gvÎ, bB‡j mvie¯‘‡Z NUbv GKB| cvVK wK Zv‡K KiæYv Ki‡e? †mUvI m¤¢e bq| †Kbbv †m GKRb bó cyiæl, †h †g‡q‡`i bó n‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i| Zvn‡j cvÎ n‡e wK †m we`ªƒ‡ci? bv, †mUvI NU‡e bv, †Kbbv gvbyl wn‡m‡e †m AwZkq mvgvb¨| Zvi mv‡eK wkKv‡ii GKRb n‡”Q jwZdv, Avav-gd¯^jx evwjKv †m| Zvi we‡q n‡q hv‡”Q, Ges we‡q n‡q hv‡”Q †`‡L evei †h wePwjZ Zv †gv‡UB bq, Dj‡Uv †`Lv hv‡”Q †h jwZdvi evev‡K †m mvnvh¨ Ki‡Q K¨vUvjM †`‡L Mnbvi wWRvBb cQ›` Ki‡Z| jwZdv a‡i †d‡j‡Q †h, evei Avjx Zv‡K †gv‡UB fv‡jvev‡m bv, Zv‡K †m e¨envi K‡i‡Q gvÎ| ivw·ejvq †Mvc‡b G‡m †i‡M‡g‡M †m evei‡K wg_y¨K, fÐ, cï BZ¨vw` e‡j‡Q| Gme Awfavi †Kv‡bvwUB eve‡ii AcÖvc¨ bq| †Ljvivg †L‡j hvi ¸iæZ¡ GBLv‡b †h, Dcb¨vmwU mgvR I ivRbxwZi GKwU ev¯ÍeZv‡K D‡b¥vwPZ K‡i w`‡q‡Q| mvwnZ¨ G-KvRUvI K‡i _v‡K, Avb›` †`q Ges BwZnvm‡KI wb‡q Av‡m mvg‡b| bó evei Avjx Lvb n‡”Q lv‡Ui `k‡Ki jy‡¤úb †cwU ey‡R©vqv‡`i cÖwZf‚| Giv AvBqye Lv‡bi mvgwiK kvm‡bi myweav‡fvMx| GB mg‡q mvgwiK kvmbwe‡ivax Av‡›`vjbI M‡o D‡V‡Q, hvi cwiYwZ GKvˇii gyw³hy×; wKš‘ evei Avjxiv Zvi m‡½ †bB; Zviv ei we`¨gvb e¨e¯’vi m‡½B Av‡Q| †mA‡_© G‡`i‡K e¨e¯’vwUi `vjvj ejvUv AmsMZ bq| evei Avjx Zvi evsjv bv-Rvbv wK‡kvix wkKviwU‡K Rvbv‡”Q †h, evsjvfvlvq Ô`vjvjÕ kãwU LyeB AcgvbRbK; wKš‘ wb‡R †m AcÖKv‡k¨ mvgwiK kvm‡bi mg_©K e‡U, †mB A‡_© `vjvj ˆewK| AvBqye Lvb †h †Uwjwfkb m¤úªPvi e¨e¯’v Pvjy K‡i‡Qb, Zvi Kj¨v‡YB eve‡ii mvgvwRK cÖwZôv jvf N‡U‡Q| Iw`‡K Zvi g~j AvqUv Av‡m e¨emv †_‡K, †m-e¨emv Bb‡Ww›Us‡qi, Le‡ii KvM‡R †m Lei c‡o bv, †UÛv‡ii weÁvcb c‡o| †jb‡`‡bi gva¨‡g miKvwi Kg©Pvix‡`i KvQ †_‡K †m e¨emvwqK myweav msMÖn K‡i _v‡K| Zvi Rxeb wejv‡m ficyi; †m cvwb †Zgb GKUv Lvq bv, myivcvb cQ›` K‡i| `y`©všÍ MwZ‡Z Mvwo Pvjvq| Avevi Bs‡iwR KweZvI c‡o| AvBqy‡ei mvgwiK kvmb GB †kÖwYwUi †fvMevw`Zv‡K mg_©b RywM‡q‡Q| eve‡ii †hUzKz ÿgZv meUvB IB AvBqye kvm‡biB Ae`vb| cvwK¯Ív‡bi cÖwZôvi cÖwµqvq Zvi †evb‡K cÖvY w`‡Z n‡q‡Q; †m †h ivóª‡K AvµgY K‡i †ev‡bi cÖvYnvwbi cÖwZ‡kva †b‡e GgbUv fv‡e bv, e¨¯Í †m

13


wK‡kvix‡`i al©Y Kivi Kv‡R| IB Kv‡Ri my‡hvM ivóªB Zv‡K mieivn K‡i‡Q| e‡bi †fZi †h wZbRb hyeK Rv‡n`v‡K a‡i wb‡q wM‡qwQj †kÖwYMZfv‡e Zviv Mwie, wKš‘ gZv`wk©Kfv‡e eve‡ii c_vbymvix, ZvivI †m-KvRB Ki‡Z Pvq evei hv Ki‡Q| eve‡ii Av‡Q A_© I †Uwjwfkb-cÖ`Ë igYx‡gvnb fveg~wZ©; hyeK‡`i nv‡Z Av‡Q cvZvKvUvi j¤^v-j¤^v Qzwi| `~iZ¡ AZUvB| myweav‡fvMx evei I myweav‡jvfx hyeKÎq Ñ Giv GKcÿ Acic‡ÿi cÖwZØ›Øx e‡U, wKš‘ cÖwZcÿ bq| ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡k eveiiv †Zv Aek¨B, IB hyeK‡`iI †KD-†KD ivóªÿgZvi AskfvMx n‡q †M‡Q Ñ gv¯Ívwb, e¨emv, Rei`Lj BZ¨vw`i ga¨ w`‡q| Dcb¨v‡mi cUf‚wgi mgqUv Ebmˇii Afz¨Ìv‡bi wVK c‡ii| ZLbKvi msMÖv‡gi QweUv GLv‡b †bB| IB msMÖv‡g †g‡qivI wQj| †ek fv‡jvfv‡eB wQj| msMÖvgx ZiæYxiv GLv‡b Abycw¯’Z; KviY †cwU ey‡R©vqv‡`i †h-Ask‡K GLv‡b cvIqv hv‡”Q Zviv Av‡›`vj‡b Drmvnx wQj bv| Z‡e Av‡›`vj‡bi mydj Zviv cv‡e e‡j Avkv Ki‡Q| mvg‡b Av‡Q wbe©vPb, Zv‡Z †kL gywRe wRZ‡eb e‡j Giv fimv Ki‡Q| eve‡ii GK eÜz AvIqvgx jx‡M wfoevi Zv‡j Av‡Q| Ab¨ GK eÜz Rvbv‡”Q, ÔmevB GLb †kL mv‡ne ej‡Z cvMj... †kL mv‡n‡ei cv‡k GKUz em‡Z cvi‡j †hb K…Zv_© n‡q hvq| A_P Rvwbm †kL mv‡ne hLb AvMiZjv gvgjvi Avmvwg wQ‡jb ZLb Zuvi bvg ch©šÍ gy‡L AvbZ bv f‡q|Õ evei wb‡R cwjwU· †ev‡S bv e‡j `vwe K‡i, wKš‘ †mI cwjwU‡·i †fZ‡iB Av‡Q| hv cv‡”Q Zv‡Z †m mš‘ó bq, Av‡iv wKQz Avkv K‡i, Ges GK duv‡K †mI †kL gywRe‡K †`‡L †d‡j| ¯^‡cœ| ÎvYKZ©v wn‡m‡e| PvUMuv‡Z wM‡q †nv‡U‡j wd‡ivR gvRgv`v‡ii m‡½ mvÿvr nq eve‡ii| gvRgv`vi Zvi e¨emvqx eÜz| †nv‡U‡ji Kvgivq e‡m Av‡iK eÜzi m‡½ ûBw¯‹ Lv‡”Q, Ryqv †Lj‡Q Ges cwiKíbv Ki‡Q ivOvgvwUi Kv‡Q wkqvjeyKv‡Z wM‡q cvnvwo †g‡qi m‡½ ivwÎhvcb K‡i wb‡Ri weevwnZ Rxe‡bi GK‡N‡qwg †NvPvevi| gvRgv`vi cxovcxwo K‡i evei‡K m‡½ †bIqvi Rb¨| evei ivwR bq; ivwR nIqvi K_vI bq, Zvi †Zv wfbœ e¨e¯’v Av‡Q, †ek iæwPm¤§Z e¨e¯’v| gvRgv`vi †`Lv hv‡”Q †ek ivRbxwZ-m‡PZb| AZme e¨¯ÍZvi †fZ‡iB ej‡Q †m, ÔA‡Uvbwg bv n‡j iÿv †bB| AvMvLvwb Avi cvÄvexivB gay †L‡q hv‡”Q, Avi Avgiv kvjv ey‡ov AvOzj Pz‡l Pz‡l b„Z¨ K‡i †Mjvg|Õ Avjøvni Kv‡Q †m †`vqv K‡i †kL gywRe cvIqv‡i AvmyK| Ryqvi cvU©bvi‡K ixwZg‡Zv mveavb K‡i †`q, Ô†kL gywRe Qvov Ab¨ Kv‡iv ev‡· †fvU †`‡eb †Zv Avcbvi mv‡_ K_v bvB|Õ gvRgv`vi BwZg‡a¨B Rvb‡Z †c‡i‡Q †h, †kL gywR‡ei g‡Zv GKUv ev‡Ni ev”Pv Avi nq bv| ÔGZ eo KwjRvUv Kvi?Õ †kL gywRe cÖavbgš¿x n‡eb, A‡Uvbwg Avm‡e, GUvB Zv‡`i Avkv| wKš‘ Gi Rb¨ Zviv †h KvR Ki‡Q Zv bq, Zviv dj Kzov‡bv‡Z Ask †b‡e, Mv‡Qi jvjb-cvj‡bi `vwqZ¡Uv Ab¨‡`i| †Ljvivg †L‡j hv 1970-73-G iwPZ| Gi c‡i ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wj‡L‡Qb gyw³hy× wb‡q| IB wel‡q Zuvi Dcb¨vm Av‡Q wbwl× †jvevb I bxj `skb bv‡g| `y‡UvB D‡jøL‡hvM¨ iPbv; wKš‘ Zuvi me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© †h `ywU KvR †m `ywU n‡jv, cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq Ges b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq-Gi Kvwnwb mivmwi gyw³hy‡×i m‡½ hy³, b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxe‡b GKvˇii hy× †bB wVKB, wKš‘ Avgv‡`i gyw³msMÖvg Av‡Q| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq m¤ú‡K© wZwb wb‡RB wj‡L‡Qb,

14

GKvˇii c‡i Avgiv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB wKQzUv n‡jI wfbœfv‡e wj‡LwQ| kvgmyj nKI ZvB K‡i‡Qb| †`Lv †Mj, wZwb bvUK wjL‡Qb, mvaviY bvUK bq, Kve¨bvUK, †hLv‡b KweZv I bvUK A‰eix GK ؇›Ø wb‡qvwRZ, hv‡Z jvf n‡q‡Q †hgb Kv‡e¨i †Zgwb bvU‡Ki| Ges Kve¨bvU‡Ki Rb¨ wZwb bZzb fvlv LuyR‡Qb, †jvKfvlvi Kv‡Q P‡j hv‡”Qb| Ôcv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvqÕ gyw³hy‡×i bvUK wn‡m‡e cvVK I `k©‡Ki Kv‡Q wPwýZ n‡jI, me‡k‡l wKš‘ me‡P‡q ¸iæ‡Z¡i m‡½ ejv `iKvi †h Ñ G bvUK Avwg GKvˇii gyw³hy‡×i bvUK wn‡m‡e iPbv Kwiwb; GKvËi G bvU‡K GKwU cwiwPZ I Avgv‡`i cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Rxeb¯úk©Kvix cUf‚wg gvÎ| Avwg †P‡qwQ GB gyw³hyׇK cUf‚wg wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡i Av‡iv eo GKwU gyw³i R‡b¨ `k©K‡K cÖvwYZ Ki‡Z Ñ †m gyw³hy× agx©q Kzms¯‹v‡ii weiæ‡×, a‡g©i †bŠ‡Kvq ˆbwZK Ab¨vq‡K cvi Kwi‡q †`evi hyMhyMvšÍ‡ii Kg©Kv‡Ði weiæ‡×| AviI e‡j‡Qb, ÔG bvUK Avwg Kíbv K‡iwQ Av‡iv So Av‡iv cÖ‡qvRbxq GKwU gyw³hy‡×i bvUK wn‡m‡e|Õ †kl K‡i‡Qb GB Dw³wU w`‡q Ñ wb‡Ri m„wó n‡jI webq wb‡qB ejwQ, m¤¢eZ GB e„nËi gvÎvwUi Rb¨B Ôcv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvqÕ mg_© n‡q DV‡Z †c‡i‡Q| GKvËi Avm‡jB Avgv‡`i GKwU eo hy‡×i Ask| †mB eo hy‡× wQj K…lK‡bZv b~ij`xb A‡bKKvj Av‡M, †mB 1782 mv‡j| b~ij`x‡bi cÖm‡½ GKUz c‡i Avwm| Zvi Av‡M ˆmq` n‡Ki mvwnwZ¨K AMÖMwZi K_vUv ewj| Avgv‡`i wPšÍvi RM‡Z evqvbœ GKUv av°v w`‡q‡Q, Av‡iv eo av°v G‡m‡Q GKvˇi| GKvˇii Kvi‡Y †ekwKQz i`e`j N‡U‡Q, cwieZ©b G‡m‡Q mvwn‡Z¨I| GKvˇii Av‡M †h-Kwe KweZv wj‡LwQ‡jb Ô†ek¨vi weovjÕ bv‡g, GKvˇii c‡i wZwb wj‡L‡Qb ÔfvZ †` nvivgRv`vÕ bv‡gi KweZv| GKvˇii Av‡Mi welq-Avkq wb‡q GKvˇii c‡i mvwnZ¨iPbv `yiƒn wQj| mgv‡R wecøe bv NUzK wKQzUv cwieZ©b G‡m‡Q, cvVK e`‡j‡Q, cÖKvkbvi aib e`‡j‡Q; †jLK hw` bv e`jvb Z‡e †Zv g‡b n‡e wZwb †jLKB bb| GKvˇii c‡i Avgiv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB wKQzUv n‡jI wfbœfv‡e wj‡LwQ| kvgmyj nKI ZvB K‡i‡Qb| †`Lv †Mj, wZwb bvUK wjL‡Qb, mvaviY bvUK bq, Kve¨bvUK, †hLv‡b KweZv I bvUK A‰eix GK ؇›Ø wb‡qvwRZ, hv‡Z jvf n‡q‡Q †hgb Kv‡e¨i †Zgwb bvU‡Ki| Ges Kve¨bvU‡Ki Rb¨ wZwb bZzb fvlv LuyR‡Qb, †jvKfvlvi Kv‡Q P‡j hv‡”Qb| GUv NU‡Q †Kej G-Rb¨ bq †h, welqe¯‘ MÖv‡gi gvbyl; NU‡Q GB Rb¨I †h, bvU‡Ki cÖPwjZ fvlv KweZv‡K I bvUK‡K GKm‡½ I h‡_vchy³ iƒ‡c aviY Ki‡Z cviwQj bv|


ZvQvov Zuvi wb‡Ri †fZiI boPo N‡UwQj| Zuvi AZ¨šÍ ¯§iYxq KvR civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZ‡ii m‡bU¸‡jvI †jvKfvlv‡ZB iwPZ| GKvˇii jovB, Ges Zvi †P‡q eo BwZnvme¨vcx-we¯Í…Z gyw³i †h-msMÖvg †mUv †gnbwZ gvbylB K‡i‡Q, evei Avjxiv K‡i wb| evei Avjxiv myweav‡fvMx I myweav‡jvfx; Zviv cvwK¯Ívwb ivóª †_‡K myweav wb‡q‡Q, Avcb †ev‡bi g~‡j¨ n‡jI| GKvˇi Zviv Mv euvwP‡q P‡j‡Q, †KD-†KD mn‡hvwMZv ch©šÍ K‡i‡Q `Lj`vi nvbv`vi‡`i m‡½, KjKvZvq hviv †M‡Q Zv‡`iI GKvsk e`bvg Kzwo‡q‡Q bvbviK‡gi AcK‡g© Rwo‡q c‡o| jovB K‡i‡Q K…lK, jovB K‡i‡Q GKvˇi, †hgb K‡i‡Q 1782-†Z, B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwbi `Lj`vi‡`i weiæ‡×| IB `Lj`vi‡`iB ˆZwi mv¤úª`vwqKZvq m¤£g I cÖvY `y‡UvB nvwi‡q‡Q nvmby, eve‡ii †QvU †evb| †m-NUbv evei‡K we‡`ªvnx K‡i wb| Iw`‡K Bs‡iR kvm‡bi cÖ_g hy‡MB b~ij`xb Zuvi K…lK wcZv‡K nvwi‡q‡Q| †Kv¤úvwb, †Kv¤úvwbi `vjvj Rwg`vi I gnvRb wg‡j †hfv‡e b~ij`x‡bi wcZv‡K †kvlY K‡i‡Q Zv‡Z Zuvi g„Zz¨ N‡U‡Q| Mvfxi g‡Zv Kuv‡a †Rvqvj jvwM‡q jvOj Uvb‡Z-Uvb‡Z Mvfxi g‡ZvB cÖvY nvwi‡q‡Q IB K…lK| wK‡kvi b~ij`xb cÖZ¨ÿ`kx©| evevi g„Zz¨‡Z Zuvi ey‡Ki †fZi Av¸b R¡‡j D‡V‡Q| †m wVK K‡i‡Q, †h-e¨e¯’vwU Zuvi wcZv‡K ej‡` cwiYZ K‡i‡Q Zv‡K †m cywo‡q QviLvi K‡i †`‡e| GKv cvi‡e bv, †mRb¨ Ab¨ K…lK‡`i WvK w`‡q‡Q, ÔRv‡Mv, ev‡n, †Kvb‡V mevq|Õ AZ¨vPvwiZ K…l‡Kiv GKÎ n‡q‡Q| †Kv¤úvwbi KZ©v, Rwg`vi, gnvRb, fvov‡U cvBK-eiK›`vR mevi weiæ‡× iæ‡L `uvwo‡q‡Q| Zviv mdj nq wb, mdj nevi K_v bq| wKš‘ jovB‡qi gq`vbUv Qv‡o wb, Ges DbœZZi A‡¯¿ mw¾Z Bs‡iR‡K bv¯Ívbvey` K‡i w`‡q‡Q| g„Zz¨i mgq b~ij`xb e‡j †M‡Q †h, e¨w³ b~ij`x‡bi g„Zz¨ Av‡Q, wKš‘ Rxe‡bi g„Zz¨ †bB| †Ljvivg evei AvjxI gviv †M‡Q, wKš‘ Zvi ejvi wKQz wQj bv, Zv‡K †KD g‡b iv‡L wb, †m nvwi‡q †M‡Q iv‡Zi AÜKv‡i| Z‡e evei Avjx g‡i †M‡jI evei Avjxiv wKš‘ g‡i wb| Zviv wVKB Av‡Q| KviY e¨e¯’vUv i‡q †M‡Q| ivóª I mgvR av°v †L‡q‡Q, wKš‘ e`jvq wb| †h-Kvi‡Y evei Avjx †h-†kÖwYi cÖwZwbwa ZvivB iv‡óªi kvmbÿgZv nvwZ‡q wb‡Z †c‡i‡Q| jovB K‡i‡Q b~ij`xb, myweav n‡q‡Q evei Avjxi| d‡j gyw³ Av‡m wb| Dciš‘ Av‡Mi †h-†Kv‡bv mg‡qi Zzjbvq al©Y, Lyb, ivnvRvwb, `ybx©wZ, AvZ¥nZ¨v Ñ mewKQzB e„w× †c‡q‡Q| DbœwZi bv‡g e„w× N‡U‡Q ˆel‡g¨i Ges gvbevwaKvi ni‡Yi| b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb m¤ú‡K© ˆmq` nK wj‡L‡Qb : GB Kve¨bvU¨wU wj‡L †djevi ci Avgvi Avkv GB †h, GB gvwU‡Z Rb¥ wb‡qwQ‡jb Ggb †h me MYbvqK‡`i Avgiv fz‡j wM‡qwQ Zuv‡`i Avevi Avgiv m¤§y‡L †`Le Ges Rvbe †h Avgv‡`i MY-Av‡›`vj‡bi BwZnvm `xN©w`‡bi I A‡bK eo gwngvi Ñ mevi Ic‡i, Dwbk †kv GKvˇii msMÖvg †Kv‡bv wew”Qbœ NUbv bq| msMÖv‡gi GB avivevwnKZv GKUv HwZnvwmK mZ¨| bvU‡Ki ïiæ‡ZB m~Îai Rvbv‡”Q, Avevi b~ij`xb GKw`b Avwm‡e evsjvq Avevi b~ij`xb GKw`b Kvj c~wY©gvq w`‡e WvK, ÔRv‡Mv, ev‡n, †Kvb‡V mevq|Õ b~ij`xb‡K evievi wd‡i wd‡i Avm‡ZB nq, KviY †h-e¨e¯’vUv gvby‡li m‡½ kÎæZv Ki‡Q, †m wU‡K _v‡K| b~ij`xbiv Pvq †mUv‡K wbwðý K‡i w`‡Z| †Kej we‡`ªvnx bq, †m wecøex|

wmsnvmb `Lj Ki‡Z AvMÖnx bq, Pvq Kv‡qwg wmsnvmbx e¨e¯’vUv‡K cywo‡q †dj‡Z| ey‡K Zuvi Av¸b Av‡Q, †m-Av¸b evei Avjxi gZjex Av¸b bq, wecø‡ei Av¸b| Bs‡iR‡K †m Zvov‡e, KviY Ônvgvi †`‡k nvgvi AwaKvi|Õ nvgvi gv‡b †Kv‡bv GKRb bq, †`‡ki mKj gvbyl| Zvi Rb¨ kÎæ K‡qKRb we‡`wk bq, Zuvi kÎæ Bs‡iR‡`i `vjvj †Kv¤úvwb kvm‡bi myweav‡fvMx Rwg`vi gnvRb †RvZ`vi MuvwZ`vi Znwkj`vi jvwVqvj, mevB| GKmv‡_ wbKvk K‡ib Kvjv ajvi ivR [...] gnvR‡bi wPZv R¡v‡jb, Bsiv‡Ri Kei| b~ij`x‡bi GB Ae¯’vbUv GgbwK Zuvi AbyivMx I AbymvixivI ai‡Z cv‡i bv, Zviv AvIqvR †`q ÔRq beve b~ij`xbÕ| b~ij`xb‡K Zuvi ¯¿x Avw¤^qvI †ev‡S bv| Avw¤^qv †Lvqve `¨v‡L, gyuB ewm Av‡Qv wmsnvm‡b Avi ZvB ivRivbx ewm Av‡Q cv‡k| Avw¤^qv eyS‡Z Pvq bv †h, Ôwmsnvm‡b ewmevi †jvf bvB †h Avgvi|Õ [...] GK AwMœ Av‡Q nvgvi wfZ‡i Ggb †m AwMœ Zv‡Z wmsnvmb †cv‡o cywo hvq| wK Rvwb‡e `ywbqvq, Avi wK Rvwb‡e Avw¤^qvq? we‡`ªvnx wKlvbiv Qz‡U G‡m‡Q PZzw`©K †_‡K| nvRv‡i nvRvi| Zviv aŸwb w`‡”Q, ÔRq beve b~ij`xbÕ e‡j| b~ij`x‡bi eÜz AveŸvm VvÆv K‡i e‡j, GBevi? Ñ beve b~ij`xb? iscyi, w`bvRcyi, KzPwenvi mgy`q ivRZ¡ †Zvgvi| Rev‡e b~ij`xb AveŸv‡mi UuzwU †P‡c a‡i| e‡j, AveŸv‡mi †Zv Rvbv _vKvi K_v †h b~ij`xb bevexi †Zvqv°v K‡i bv| b~ij`xb †`L‡Z Pvq Zvi ey‡Ki Av¸b mK‡ji AšÍ‡i R¡‡j D‡V‡Q, Ges IB Av¸‡b me wmsnvmb R¡‡j-cy‡o QviLvi n‡q †M‡Q, gyw³ N‡U‡Q gvby‡li| mKj gvby‡li| bvU‡Ki mgvwß hyׇÿ‡Î| b~ij`xb wbnZ n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ hy× Pj‡Q| ˆah© m‡e Ñ ˆah© awi K‡i Av‡›`vjb| jv‡M bv jv¸K, ev‡n, GK `yB wKsev K‡qK Rxeb| †mB Av‡›`vjb GL‡bv Pj‡Q, gv‡S-gv‡S Zv hy‡×i AvKvi †bq| Av‡›`vjbUv †h †Kej evsjv‡`‡ki Zv bq, Av‡›`vjb mviv we‡k¦iB; †Kbbv wek¦ kvwmZ n‡”Q cuywRev‡`i Øviv, evsjvq †h-kvm‡bi m~ÎcvZ N‡UwQj B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwbi kvm‡bi ga¨ w`‡q|

Pvi

mvwn‡Z¨ BwZnvm _v‡K| _vK‡ZB n‡e, bv n‡j mvwnZ¨ †Zv wbQK iƒcK_v| bv, K_vUv wVK n‡jv bv, KviY iƒcK_vI BwZnv‡mi evB‡i bq| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki mvwnZ¨K‡g© BwZnvm Awbevh©fv‡eB Dcw¯’Z| GB BwZnv‡mi GK cÖv‡šÍ evei Avjx, Ici cÖv‡šÍ b~ij`xb| ci¯ú‡ii cÖwZcÿ| gvSLv‡b Av‡Q cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq-Gi wK‡kvix †g‡qwU| gvZeŸ‡ii †g‡q, gvZeŸi wb‡R wQj cvwK¯Ívwb `Lj`vi-nvbv`vi‡`i mn‡hvMx| wKš‘ gvZeŸi Zvi wb‡Ri †g‡q‡K iÿv Ki‡Z cv‡i wb| GUvI BwZnv‡mi Ask| gvZeŸi cvwK¯Ívbcš’x, k³ kvm‡Ki †m cÖKvk¨ f³, Ô†g‡jUvwiÕ‡K †m D×viKvix wn‡m‡e Kíbv K‡i|

15


wKš‘ civRq hLb Avmbœ ZLb Zvi eÜz cvwK¯Ívwb K¨v‡Þb gvZeŸ‡ii †g‡q‡K †P‡q e‡m| gvZeŸ‡ii c‡ÿ ivwR bv n‡q Dcvq _v‡K bv| KvKzwZ-wgbwZ K‡i, †k‡l mvšÍ¡bv wn‡m‡e K¨v‡Þb‡K m¤§Z Kivq we‡qi Awfbq Ki‡Z| K¨v‡Þb Zvi D‡Ïk¨ wm× K‡i c‡ii w`b †fvi nIqvi Av‡MB ˆmb¨mvgšÍ wb‡q cvwj‡q hvq| †g‡qwU cÖKvk¨ Rbmg‡ÿ `uvwo‡q Zvi wcZv‡K Awfhy³ K‡i| Ges wb‡R welcvb K‡i wcZv‡K wa°vi Rvwb‡q P‡j hvq| gvZeŸi wbnZ nq MÖvgevmxi nv‡Z| bvU‡Ki mgvw߇Z AmsL¨ jvk †`Lv hvq, RvbvRvi Av‡qvRb Kiv nq Zv‡`i Rb¨| †eu‡P _vKvUvB †mLv‡b †kv‡Ki †MvRvi| b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxe‡bi mgvwßUv wKš‘ wfbœiK‡gi| b~ij`xb gviv †M‡Q, wKš‘ Zuvi g„Zz¨i †P‡qI Zuvi eÜz‡`i Avkvev`Uv eo| mgvw߇Z eÜz AveŸvm nvZ Zz‡j †NvlYv K‡i †h, AvMvgx‡Z Av‡iv hy× n‡e, GKwU `ywU wZbwU hy×, cÖ‡qvR‡b AmsL¨ hy×| †g‡q‡`i Kɯ^i †Kv_vq KZUv †kvbv hv‡”Q Zv w`‡qI mvgvwRK ev¯ÍeZvi wel‡q aviYv cvIqv m¤¢e| †Ljvivg †L‡j hvi RM‡Z †g‡q‡`i ¯^iUv LyeB mvgvb¨| †g‡qiv †mLv‡b wcZ…Zvwš¿KZvi `gb I cxob‡K wbtk‡ã †g‡b wb‡q‡Q| †g‡b-†bIqvi evB‡i Zv‡`i PvIqvi wKQz †bB| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq‡Z wKš‘ e¨vcvi G‡Kev‡iB wfbœ| †m-bvU‡Ki †K‡›`ª Av‡Q gvZeŸiKb¨vi `xN©Dw³| `y‡kv eQi Av‡Mi bvix, b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxe‡bi wjm‡e_| †m wKš‘ †Kv¤úvwbi Kv‡j±i‡K cwi®‹vifv‡e awi‡q †`q †h, †Kv¤úvwbi Kg©Pvix‡`i ¯¿x wn‡m‡e BwÛqv‡Z G‡m wjm‡e_iv mvgªvR¨we¯Ív‡i mnvqK n‡q‡Q, `ytL-Kó mn¨ K‡i GKwU HwZnvwmK `vwqZ¡B cvjb K‡i‡Q| wjm‡e‡_i e³e¨ : Avgiv bv G‡j BwÛqvq Bs‡iR †gvMj n‡Zv, ûu‡Kv †U‡b, cvjKx P‡o, †Mva~wj e‡Y©i cyÎ Rb¥ w`‡q w`‡q BwÛqvb n‡Zv, [...] BwÛqvb G¤úvqvi n‡Zv bv| eyS‡Z Amyweav †bB †h, GB †g‡qi †fZi Bsj¨v‡Û N‡U-hvIqv ey‡R©vqv MYZvwš¿K wecø‡ei cÖfve c‡o‡Q| mß`k kZvãxi IB wecøe †cQb †_‡K †Kv¤úvwbi Kg©Pvix‡`i Dcwb‡ek ¯’vc‡bi Kv‡R Drmvn RywM‡q‡Q, bB‡j Zviv GZUv mvnmx n‡Zv bv| Zv‡`i m‡½ †h †g‡qiv G‡m‡Q ZvivI BwZnv‡mi IB AMÖMwZi mydj‡fvMx| b~ij`x‡bi ¯¿x Avw¤^qv †Kv¤úvwb-kvwmZ K…lKmgv‡Ri †g‡q, wKš‘ †h‡nZz Zvi ¯^vgx Av‡Q hy‡×i gq`v‡b, ZvB †m N‡ii evB‡i Avm‡Z cv‡i, ZK© Ki‡Z cv‡i AveŸv‡mi m‡½, AveŸvm‡K ag‡K w`‡Z cv‡i dvrivwg bv Ki‡Z| dzuwc‡q dzuwc‡q †m Kuv‡`, Avevi MvbI Mvq| AÿiÁvbwenxb Avw¤^qv †h e¨w³‡Z¡i cwiPq †`q, `y‡kv eQi c‡i Rb¥MÖnYKvix eo‡jv‡Ki Bs‡iwR-wkwÿZ †g‡q Rv‡n`v Zvi av‡i-Kv‡QI †cuŠQv‡Z cv‡i bv| BwZnvm wel‡q ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZvq GKwU e³e¨ ¯§iYxq| †mwU G-iK‡gi : BwZnvm wKQz bq hw` bv †m AMÖmi nq| Zuvi mvwnZ¨ BwZnv‡mi GB AMÖMvwgZvi LeiUv Avgv‡`i‡K Rvwb‡q †`q| wKš‘ Avgv‡`i BwZnvm †Zv †`Lv hv‡”Q AvUKv c‡o †M‡Q Uª¨vwdK R¨v‡g| Gi `vqUv cy‡ivcywi evei Avjx‡`i| lv‡Ui `k‡K Zviv †ec‡ivqvfv‡e †Kej †h Mvwo Pvwj‡q‡Q Zv bq, webv ï‡é Mvwo Avg`vwb K‡i XvKv kni‡K mqjve K‡i †`Iqvi KvRwU ïiæ K‡i w`‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i Kvi‡YB ivRavbx

16

XvKv GLb APj n‡q †M‡Q| AvUKv-cov GB BwZnvm‡K mPj Ki‡e †K? Aek¨B evei Avjxiv Ki‡e bv, evei Avjxiv †Zv Mvwo Qvov Pj‡ZB cv‡i bv, Ges evei Avjxiv wb‡RivB GLb wbR-wbR Mvwoi †fZ‡i APj Ae¯’vq AvUKv c‡o †M‡Q| BwZnv‡mi D×viKZ©v n‡”Q b~ij`xb| Uª¨vwdK R¨vg fvO‡Z hw` cvewjK Uªv݇cvU© evov‡Z nq, hw` `iKvi c‡o ivóªÿgZvi we‡K›`ªxKi‡Yi, cvZvj †ij ˆZwi Kivi, †bŠc‡_ hvZvqvZ evov‡bvi, evei Avjx‡`i nuvwK‡q †`Iqvi, Z‡e †mme KvR ZLbB m¤¢e n‡e hLb b~ij`xbiv ivóªÿgZv cv‡e, Zvi Av‡M bq| BwZnv‡mi cvjve`‡j evav †`‡e Ab¨ †KD bq, evav †`‡e Avgv‡`i cwiwPZ evei AvjxivB| w`‡”QI| Avgiv hviv wb‡R‡`i Av‡jvwKZ fvwe, evei Avjx‡`i m‡½B Zv‡`i wbZ¨ IVvemv, Pjv‡div, AvZ¥xqZv Ges SMov-weev`| e¨w³ ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki m‡½I evei Avjxi fv‡jv Rvbv‡kvbv i‡q‡Q, bB‡j †m Zuvi Dcb¨v‡m cÖavb PwiÎ n‡jv Kx K‡i? Rvbv‡kvbvi K_vUv †Zv evei Avjx wb‡RI Rvwb‡q‡Q Avgv‡`i| iscyi-Awfhv‡bi wØZxq w`‡b evei Avjx wM‡qwQj iscyi mvwnZ¨ cwil‡`i GK ˆeV‡K, †mLv‡b ¯’vbxq ms¯‹…wZ‡mexiv IB kn‡i ms¯‹…wZPP©vi AšÍivq¸‡jv‡K mvo¯^‡i wPwýZ KiwQj| Rev‡e evei Avjx K_vi wc‡V K_v mvwR‡q PgrKvi GK e³…Zv `uvo Kwi‡q †k‡l †hvM Ki‡jv GB K_vUv : Ges nu¨v, Avcbv‡`i †ÿvf, Avcbv‡`i cÖwZ‡iv‡ai msev` Avwg XvKvi wkíx mvwnwZ¨K‡`i Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q †`e| Avcbv‡`i iscy‡ii †Q‡j ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, †Uwjwfk‡b cÖvqB Av‡mb, Avwg Zuv‡K we‡kl K‡i ej‡ev| cwiwPZ wVKB, wKš‘ kvgmyj nK wK evei Avjxi m‡½ wQ‡jb? †gv‡UB bv| evei Avjx‡K wZwb ¸iæZ¡ †`b, Zv‡K †evSvi †Póv K‡ib, wKš‘ Zv‡K Ôwn‡ivÕ evbv‡Z cv‡ib bv| Zuvi Kv‡Q bvqK b~ij`xbB, hw`I wZwb Rv‡bb †h, evei AvjxivB ÿgZv a‡i ivL‡e, b~ij`xb‡`i _vK‡Z n‡e `~‡iB| wKš‘ BwZnv‡mi fwel¨r †h b~ij`xb‡`i nv‡Z GUv Zuvi Kv‡Q AZ¨šÍ ¯úó, Ges †m-K_v e‡j‡QbI wZwb Zuvi mvwn‡Z¨| Z‡e †mUv ejvi Rb¨ Zuv‡K A‡cÿv Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q GKvˇii hyy× ch©šÍ| GKvˇii Av‡M b~ij`xb‡K bvqK K‡i mvwnZ¨m„wó Kiv Zuvi c‡ÿ m¤¢e wQj bv| hw`I b~ij`x‡bi g‡ZvB wZwbI iscy‡iiB †jvK| gvby‡li gbB mvwnZ¨ m„wó K‡i, wKš‘ gvby‡li gb ZZUv ¯^vaxb bq, hZUv †m aviYv Ki‡Z cQ›` K‡i| evqvbœi av°v ˆmq` kvgmyj nK‡K †jLK n‡Z e‡j‡Q, GKvˇii av°v Zuvi KvQ †_‡K Zuvi †kÖô iPbv¸‡jv †ei K‡i G‡b‡Q| Zuvi me©‡kÖô iPbv b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb †jLv n‡qwQj 1982-†Z, IB Kve¨bvU‡Ki Amvgvb¨ D”PZv wZwb c‡ii †Kv‡bv †jLv‡ZB j•Nb Ki‡Z cv‡ib wb| wZwb wK A‡cÿv KiwQ‡jb bZzb GKwU av°vi Rb¨? wKš‘ †mUv †Zv Avi Av‡m wb| b~ij`xb wb‡RB †Zv K‡ó Av‡Q| Avgv‡`i m„wókxjZvi mvaviY gvbI †Zv _g‡K †M‡Q, BwZnv‡mi AvU‡K-covi m‡½ Zvj †i‡L| Gi Rb¨ evei Avjx‡`i evnv`ywi KZUv `vqx Zv mgxKiY K‡l ejv hv‡e bv| gvc‡Rv‡Li KvRUv †gv‡UB mnR bq| _vK †mUv| AvcvZZ †kl Kiv hvK Zuvi m‡½ Avgvi †kl K_vUv w`‡q| e‡jwQjvg, Avgiv mevB Avcbvi m‡½ AvwQ| wKš‘ Avgiv Zuvi m‡½ _vK‡ev Kx K‡i? wZwb †Zv P‡j †M‡Qb mg‡qi Aci cv‡o| Dj‡Uv wZwbB Avgv‡`i m‡½ _vK‡eb, GLbKvi Avgv‡`i m‡½ †hgb, fwel¨‡Zi Avgv‡`i m‡½I †Zgwb| _vK‡eb Zuvi mvwnZ¨K‡g©i †fZi w`‡q| r


ˆmq` nK

ˆm

Avwbmy¾vgvb

q` kvgmyj n‡Ki m‡½ Avgvi cÖ_g cwiPq Ges Zuvi cÖ_g MíMÖš’ Zv‡mi m‡½ Avgvi ms‡hv‡Mi K_v A‡bKevi wj‡LwQ| Zvi cybive„wË bv K‡i ei †kvbv hvK Q‡›`ve× Pi‡Y G-wel‡q Kx e‡j‡Qb ˆmq` nK : KZB ¯§„wZ e¨w³MZ, KZ bv û‡jøvo, AvÇv w`‡Z w`‡ZB KZ ivZ K‡iwQ †fvi| cvwK¯Ív‡bi cÖ_g †mB w`b¸‡jv‡Z †`Lv, Avgiv ZLb †Kej ïiæ KiwQ †h-hvi †jLv, bv‡gB cvwK¯Ívb mvwnZ¨ msm‡` †h RywU Ñ Avm‡jB †Zv evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^cœ †`‡L DwV|

mvwn‡Z¨i †mB Av‡›`vj‡b †mw`b Avwb‡mi mvsMVwbK ZrciZv ¯§iY Kwi †Xi| Avgvi cÖ_g eB †eiæ‡e Ñ ms‡kva‡b Avwbm Ñ †`wL‡q w`‡jb fzj evbv‡b Ôf‚jÕ wj‡LwQ Ñ Bm! Zv‡ZB wK †kl? †gKvc-†UKvc †`wL‡q †`qv Zuvi| Pzqvbœ mvj| ZiæY Avwg njvg MÖš’Kvi| 17


GB c‡e©i Ab¨ cÖvšÍ Av‡iv wZb `kK c‡i, jÛ‡b| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wj‡L‡Qb Zuvi cÖ_g Kve¨bvU¨ cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq| AvwgI ZLb IB gnvbMix‡Z AvwQ| Avgv‡KB cÖ_g w`‡jb co‡Z Ges Avgvi gšÍe¨ ï‡b gvR©bv Ki‡jb Zvi †klUv| Qvcv eB hLb GK Kwc Dcnvi w`‡jb, ZLb †`Ljvg, R¡jR¡j Ki‡Q Zuvi nv‡Zi †jLvq : ÔAvwbm Ñ GB bvU‡Ki cÖ_g cvVK Ñ jÛ‡bÕ| Gme K_v ejv ïay Avgv‡`i cvi¯úwiK kÖ×v I NwbôZv †evSv‡Z| †klev‡ii g‡Zv hLb wZwb nvmcvZv‡j, Avwg Zuv‡K †`L‡Z †MwQ m¯¿xK Ñ wØZxqev‡i m½x Avgv‡`i cyÎI Ñ ZLb wZwb cÖkœ Ki‡jb gaym~`‡bi Rxe‡bi GK we‡kl ce© wb‡q, †m-m¤ú‡K© Avgvi Rvbv wQj bv, e‡jwQ, †LuvR wb‡q eje| †klevi Rvb‡Z PvB‡jb, †ivMx I iæwM, e¨vcviUv GKB, Z‡e evbvb I D”PviY `yiKg †Kb? Reve w`‡qwQ Avgvi g‡Zv K‡i, wKš‘ PgrK…Z n‡qwQ Zuvi Rvbevi AvMÖn †`‡L Ges IB Ae¯’vqI †h bZzb bZzb †jLvi cwiKíbv Nyi‡Q gv_vq, Zvi cÖgvY †c‡q| gvbylUv m¤ú~Y©ZB mvwn‡Z¨ mgwc©Z Ñ Kzwo‡Z †hgb, Avwk‡ZI †Zgwb| mvwn‡Z¨ Av-wki wbgw¾Z bv n‡j cÂv‡ki `k‡Ki XvKvq †KD msKí Ki‡Z cv‡i Ñ RxweKvwbe©v‡ni R‡b¨ PvKwievKwi Ki‡e bv, †jLv‡KB MÖnY Ki‡e GKgvÎ †ckv wn‡m‡e! cÎ-cwÎKvq, †eZvi-†Uwjwfk‡b, g‡Â-Pjw”P‡Î Ñ †hLv‡bB †M‡Qb wZwb, †M‡Qb g~jZ Kjg‡KB m¤^j K‡i| †h-P¨v‡jÄ wZwb Qy‡o w`‡qwQ‡jb wb‡R‡K, lvU eQi a‡i Zv‡Z weRqx n‡q †M‡Qb Ñ G Kx Kg K_v! Aek¨ †hvM¨ mn‡hv×vI wZwb †c‡qwQ‡jb GKRb Ñ Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK| †KejB †jLvi GB A`g¨ evmbv Zuv‡K wb‡q †M‡Q mvwn‡Z¨i m`i iv¯Ív †_‡K KvbvMwj‡ZI| Kx bv wj‡L‡Qb wZwb! †Qv‡UvMí-Dcb¨vm, LÐ I `xN© KweZv, Kve¨bvU¨-M`¨bvUK, cÖeÜ-Kjvg, Mvb-wPÎbvU¨| Zvici Abyev`-Qvqvej¤^b, ZvI †kK&mwcq‡ii Ges `y`©všÍ mdjZv †mLv‡bI! AevK jv‡M Zuvi euvK-†div †`‡L| †h-mg‡q Avgv‡`i eo K_vmvwnwZ¨‡Kiv wjL‡Qb MÖvgRxeb‡K †K›`ª K‡i, XvKv kni hL‡bv bMi n‡q I‡Vwb wVKg‡Zv, ˆmq` n‡Ki Aej¤^b ZLb bvMwiK Rxeb Ñ Zvi KZUv ev¯Íe, KZUv ZL‡bv A‡cwÿZ, †m-wnmve †K †b‡e, Z‡e Zv‡ZB Zv¾e Avgiv| †mB ˆmq` nK Kve¨bvU¨ wjL‡Qb 1971-G evsjv‡`‡ki MÖvg wb‡q, †h-MÖvg mgMÖ evsjv‡`‡kiB GK Abywek¦; wjL‡Qb BwZnv‡mi cUf‚wg‡Z Kve¨bvU¨, †m-BwZnvm Avgiv KRb RvbZvg! Avi Zvi fvlv! Agb bvMwiK †h-†jLK, wZwb e¨envi Ki‡Qb AvÂwjK fvlv, Avi †m-fvlv‡K w`‡”Qb Ggb iƒc hv mK‡ji †evaMg¨! KweZvq AvaywbKZvi PP©v K‡i G‡m‡Qb wZwb, Zuvi nv‡ZB eo eo K‡i †jLv n‡”Q civ‡Yi, Mnxb, wfZi Ñ Avi Avgv‡`i eyK gyP‡o w`‡”Q Zv| jÛ‡bB GKw`b wR‡Ám K‡iwQ‡jb Avgv‡K, Av”Qv, †`keÜz, †`kwcÖq Ñ Ggwb Dcvwa Avi Kx Kx Av‡Q e‡jv †Zv, e½eÜz ej‡Z n‡e bv| ejjvg, iex›`ªbv_ †`kbvqK K_vUv e¨envi K‡iwQ‡jb myfvl emyi cÖm‡½| Kw`b ci Rvbv‡jb, MYbvqK †jLv n‡”Q| Zvi †cQ‡b nq‡Zv Av‡Q Rywjqvm wmRvi, †kK&mwcqi Av‡Qb wbwðZB| Avi †mUvB †gjv‡jb ev¯ÍeZvi m‡½ Ñ †hgb K‡i cv‡qi AvIqvR Ñ b~ij`xb cig ev¯Íe n‡q †Mj| ˆ¯^ivPvi-we‡ivax Av‡›`vj‡bi mg‡q RbZvi g‡Â huviv Avmv`y¾vgvb b~‡ii K‡É b~ij`x‡bi cvV ï‡b‡Qb, Zuv‡`i g‡b n‡q‡Q, weªwU‡ki weiæ‡× bq, ˆ¯^ivPv‡ii weiæ‡× msMÖv‡gi WvK †`q GB bvU‡Ki cv‡Îiv| GB †h mdjZv ˆmq‡`i, Zv mvgvb¨ bq| †Ljvivg †L‡j hv Dcb¨v‡mi g~j welqUv e¨w³‡K wN‡i Ñ

18

gyw³hy‡×i m~‡ÎB ivRbxwZm‡PZb n‡q DV‡jb ˆmq` nK, Avgvi †Zv †Zgwb wek¦vm| Gi ciI e¨w³ Zuv‡K fvwe‡q‡Q, wKš‘ Zuvi g‡a¨ mgwói GKUv eo ¯’vb n‡q †M‡Q| Zuvi K‡ivwU‡Z RvqMv K‡i wb‡q‡Q gyw³hy×, Zvi cðv`&eZx© RvZxqZvev`x Av‡›`vjb Ges ZviI cðv‡Zi BwZnvm Ñ evOvwji RvwZmËvi BwZnvm| Zvi †K›`ªxq Pwi‡Îi bvixi Avm½wjávi K_vB Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi c„ôvi ci c„ôv †_‡K| ZviB g‡a¨ Jcb¨vwmK XzwK‡q †`b wb‡Ri bvg Ñ †k‡li KweZvi evB‡i Ggb wK Avi †c‡qwQ? Zvi †P‡q eo K_v, lv‡Ui `k‡Ki evsjv‡`‡ki cwieZ©gvb ivRbxwZi cUI P‡j Av‡m G‡Z| A_P ivRbxwZi cÖwZ Jcb¨vwmK †h Lye AvK…ó n‡qwQ‡jb ZLb, G-K_v ejv hv‡e bv| Zvi ciciB Avgv‡`i Rxe‡b †`Lv †`q gyw³hy× Avi †mB gyw³hy× wb‡q KweZv Avi K_vmvwnZ¨ `yB-B wZwb Dcnvi †`b Avgv‡K Ñ Kve¨bv‡U¨i K_v Av‡MB ejv n‡q‡Q| bxj`skb Kx wbwl× †jvevb co‡Z Avi¤¢ Ki‡j †kl bv K‡i IVv hvq bv, GKUv †Nv‡ii g‡a¨ Av”Qbœ n‡q _vwK Avgiv Ñ †m-†Nvi 1971-GiB| gyw³hy‡×i m~‡ÎB ivRbxwZm‡PZb n‡q DV‡jb ˆmq` nK, Avgvi †Zv †Zgwb wek¦vm| Gi ciI e¨w³ Zuv‡K fvwe‡q‡Q, wKš‘ Zuvi g‡a¨ mgwói GKUv eo ¯’vb n‡q †M‡Q| Zuvi K‡ivwU‡Z RvqMv K‡i wb‡q‡Q gyw³hy×, Zvi cðv`&eZx© RvZxqZvev`x Av‡›`vjb Ges ZviI cðv‡Zi BwZnvm Ñ evOvwji RvwZmËvi BwZnvm| ZvB Avgvi cwiP‡qi g‡Zv KweZv †ewi‡q Av‡m Zuvi nvZ w`‡q Ñ g‡b nq, †QvU‡`i R‡b¨ †jLv, Avm‡j Zv eo‡`iI cvV¨ I ¯§„wZ‡Z mÂq K‡i ivLvi g‡Zv wRwbm| ˆmq` n‡Ki e¨eüZ AvÂwjK fvlvi K_v e‡jwQ| evsjv‡`‡ki AwaKvsk gvbyl †h AvÂwjK fvlv e¨envi K‡i _v‡K, G-wel‡q Zuvi g‡a¨ GKUv m‡PZbZvi m„wó n‡qwQj| wKš‘ cÖwgZ fvlvi e¨env‡i wZwb wQ‡jb LyeB mZK©| †mB mZK©Zv ZiæY †jL‡KivI Aej¤^b KiæK, GB Kvgbvq wZwb wj‡LwQ‡jb gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨, ürKj‡gi Uv‡b, K_v mvgvb¨B| Gme †jLv mvwnZ¨h‡kvwjáy cÖ‡Z¨K evOvwji Aek¨cvV¨| evsjv‡`‡ki AwaKvsk gvbyl †hgb AvÂwjK fvlv e¨envi K‡i, †Zgwb evm K‡i bM‡ii evB‡i| G-m¤ú‡K© m‡PZbZvB wK ˆmq` nK‡K cÖ‡Yvw`Z Kij bM‡ii evB‡i †kl kh¨v iPbvi? Zuvi P‡j hvIqvi mgq †_‡K G-cÖkœUv Avgv‡K fvevq| Zvi Reve cvBwb, nq‡Zv cve bv| Ggb GKRb AvZ¥m‡PZb gvbyl Ñ e¨w³¯^vZš¿¨‡K whwb memg‡q g~j¨ w`‡q G‡m‡Qb, bvMwiKZv huvi ¯^fv‡ei AšÍM©Z Ñ mevi m‡½ wg‡k hvIqvi GB wm×všÍ †h wb‡jb, ZvI nq‡Zv Zuvi ¯^Zš¿‰ewkó¨ÁvcK GKUv welq n‡q iBj| r


civ‡bi Mnxb wfZicv‡b ZiæY mvb¨vj (mgqg‡ZvB †cuŠQ‡bv †Mj| Amy¯Z ’ v‡K Zzwo †g‡i Dwo‡q w`‡q Kwe e‡m Av‡Qb A‡cÿvq| cÖv_wgK Avjv‡ci ci ïiæ n‡jv Av‡jvPbv| ïiæ‡ZB Rvwb‡q w`‡jb e³‡e¨i AwfgyL, evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ †jŠwKKfvlv I †mB †cÖwÿ‡Z civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi m¤úwK©Z Zuvi cÖwZwµqv| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki mgMÖ mvwnZ¨K…wZi m‡½ c~Yv© ½ cwiPq N‡Uwb, ZvB Zuvi iPbv m¤ú‡K© †Kv‡bv AwfgZ Ávcb Ki‡eb bv| ïaygvÎ civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi MÖšU’ K z Bz GB Avjv‡ci DcRxe¨| GB ¯úó e³‡e¨i R‡b¨B Avgiv ZiæY mvb¨vj‡K wPwb| BwbB Avgv‡`i cwiwPZ we`» Kwe, cÖvewÜK, whwb GK mshZ cwiwgZ‡Z¡ wb‡R‡K h‡Zœ †eu‡a‡Qb| Kve¨-K_KZvi `xN© hvÎvc‡_ c~ee© vsjvi m‡½ Zuvi AvR‡b¥i m¤úK©| Icvi evsjvi f‚wgcyÎ Kwe Zuvi Rxe‡b-†jL‡b Zv evievi ¯§iY K‡i‡Qb| GiB bvg Ab¨ evsjv‡`k (1971), †Zvgvi R‡b¨B evsjv‡`k (1972) GB `yB MÖš’ †mB mvÿ¨ e‡q P‡j| Zuvi ÔMvRb †gjvÕ, Ô¯^‡`kx we‡`kxÕ, ÔR‡ji g‡a¨ †jLv‡RvKvÕ cÖgLy KweZvq †jvKfvlvi mnR-mylgv cvVK‡`i gy» K‡i| †mB †jvKR gb‡bi Kv‡QB †Zv †cuŠ‡Q hvb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| †jvK-j‡â †jLv Zuvi KweZv¸‡jv GK jngvq Kwe‡K wb‡q P‡j hvq ¯§„wZi evsjvq, c~ee© vsjvq| 19


†h-†`‡ki Rj-nvIqvq †K‡U‡Q ZiæY mvb¨v‡ji evj¨Rxeb| Amy¯Z ’ vi g‡a¨I ivZ †R‡M GKbvMv‡o c‡o †kl K‡ib civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi| Avengvb evsjv KweZvi wPišÍb cÖev‡n G-MÖš’ GK Ab¨ gvÎv wb‡q aiv †`q Zuvi Kv‡Q| cy‡Rv ïiæi Av‡M GK we‡K‡j Kwe Rvbv‡jb †mBme K_v| Ñ †kŠwfK gy‡Lvcva¨vq) G-eQiUv Avjv‡ji N‡ii `yjv‡ji †jLK c¨vixPiY wg‡Îi wØkZRb¥evwl©Kx| whwb evsjvi †jvKfvlvq Ô†UKPuv` VvKziÕ QÙbv‡g GKwU eB wj‡LwQ‡jb| ejv †h‡Z cv‡i, ms¯‹Z … Abymv‡i Ges Bs‡iwR MVbwfwËK ZrKvjxb `y‡kv eQi Av‡MKvi evsjv fvlvq GK eo we‡`ªvn G‡bwQ‡jb †UKPuv` VvKzi| †m eywjwU wKš‘ cwðge‡½i PzPu o z v I Zvi cwicv‡k¦i© †jvKK_b| Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q †mI wkófvlv| cieZx©Kv‡j iex›`ªbv_, cÖg_ †PŠayix cÖgLy Av‡iv GK wkó †jvKfvlvq wj‡LwQ‡jb| Pvi-Bqvix K_v, hv Avgv‡`i GL‡bv gy» K‡i| wKš‘ Avgvi aviYv, myZvbywU-KjKvZv-†Mvwe›`cyi‡Kw›`ªK A_©vr Z_vKw_Z cwðge½xq †jvKK_‡bi m‡½ cÙvi Icv‡ii †jvKK_‡bi †Kv‡bv wgj †bB| e‡i›`ª, ivp, mgZU, e½, nwi‡Kj, kÖxnÆwfwËK bvbveMx©q evsjv fvlvi g‡a¨ Bs‡iR kvm‡bi my‡hvM wb‡qwQj KjKvZv, beØxc I K…òbMi| Avgvi aviYv, hw` Rvnv½xibMi IBiKg Bs‡iR kvm‡bi AšÍf³ ©z n‡Zv, c~ee© ‡½i fvlvI †jL¨ fvlv n‡q DVZ| GgbwK IB wePv‡i PÆMÖvg Awae‡M©i fvlv I kvnRvjv‡ji K_bI wkó evsjv wn‡m‡e MY¨ n‡Zv| DËie½, †MŠ‡oi fvlv †Zv e‡UB| 1947 mv‡j e½wefvR‡bi d‡j cvwK¯Ívwb Jcwb‡ewkKZvi Pvc c‡owQj c~e© cvwK¯Ív‡b| d‡j, XvKvi †jvKfvlv, ev †MŠ‡oi †jvKfvlv wKsev nwi‡Kj-K_b wkó evsjv‡`wk wjLbfvlv nqwb| †h‡nZz evjK eqm †_‡K Avwg cvebv †Rjvi DËie½xq e‡i›`ª mšÍvb ZvB †Q‡j‡ejv †_‡KB euvKzov, ea©gvbmn ivRkvnx, cvebv, e¸ov A‡ji K_bfw½ ï‡bwQ| Avgvi e¨w³MZfv‡e g‡b n‡q‡Q, IBme A‡ji †jvKK_‡bi wPÎgq jâ †hgb gvayh© I eû Abyl½-m¤úwK©Z, †Zgwb KjKvZv ev Zvi Avkcv‡ki fvlvi m‡½ Zvi †Kv‡bv mv`„k¨ †bB| e½wefvR‡bi ci evsjv KweZvi wkó avivwUI Rxebvb‡›` †kl| wKš‘ c~e©e‡½i kvmKiv †gvbv‡qg Luvi ZË¡veav‡b n‡q D‡VwQj evsjv KweZvi HwZn¨webvkx| ï‡bwQ, †mB gnvcvwK¯Ívwb c~e©e‡½ iex›`ªmsMxZ evwZj Ki‡Z †P‡qI evOvwj Kwe‡`i iex›`ªmsMxZ wjL‡Z e‡jwQ‡jb| ¯‹wUk PvP© K‡j‡R myfvl gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi mncvVx wQ‡jb dviæK ingvb| wKš‘ myfvl gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi KweZvi m‡½ dviæK mv‡n‡ei KweZvi hyM‰ewP‡Î¨ wgj †bB| evsjv KweZvi Avengvb aviv †hb †mB kvgmyi ivngvb, Avj gvngy‡`B †kl| wKš‘ GK mvMi i³ÿi‡Y c~ee© ‡½i gvbyl †h-¯^vaxbZv AR©b K‡iwQ‡jb Zvi mnM Drcv`b wQj evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv-cieZx© mvwnZ¨| we‡klfv‡e Avgiv cwðge½evmx c~ee© ‡½i evsjv KweZv‡K A‡bK †ewk ¯úó K_bwfwËK K‡i †`‡LwQ wKš‘ c~ee© ‡½i fvlvg~jK ¯^v` Zv‡Z †bB| A_P KweZvq †jŠwKK fvlv, evMfw½i GK we‡kl ¯’vb Av‡Q| e¨w³MZfv‡e ej‡Z cvwi, kvgmyi ivngvb, Avj gvngy‡`i ci evsjv KweZvq †h-Nivbv ˆZwi n‡q‡Q, †mLv‡b wbg©‡j›`y MyY, gnv‡`e mvnv cÖgyL cwðge‡½ h‡_ó MÖvn¨ n‡q‡Qb| evsjv‡`k Av‡›`vj‡bi mgq †hgb wmKvb&`vi Avey Rvd‡ii KweZv †iwWI gvidZ ï‡bwQ| wKš‘ kvgmyi ivngv‡bi Ô¯^vaxbZvÕ KweZv Ges Ôew›`wkwei †_‡K †jLvÕ KweZv¸‡jv Avgv‡`i Lye gy» K‡i| GgbwK wn›`yevsjv‡ZI ÔRvqbvgvRÕ kãwU KZLvwb A_©en Zv fve‡Z ewm| Z‡e wK evsjv KweZvf‚‡g, iex›`ªbv_ I eû wn›`y wg_ AšÍM©ZKvix KvRx bRiæj Bmjvg‡K mvg‡b †i‡L iex›`ª-Abymvix I iex›`ª-DËi AvaywbK‡`i wePvi Kie? Avgvi aviYv, KweZvi GKwU wbR¯^ RvwZMZ weKvk Av‡Q| †mB wePv‡i c‡MŠ‡oi

20

fvlvI Avjv`v Ges mwZ¨ K_v ej‡Z wK fvIqvB, M¤¢xiv †_‡K ïiæ K‡i cwðge‡½i Szgyi mewKQy wg‡jB Avm‡j RvwZmËvi wkKo¸‡jv cvIqv hvq Ges fvwUqvwj, gywk©`v, evDj Mv‡b †Zv we‡klfv‡e Gi mvÿ¨ †g‡j| GKmgq e‡›` Avjx wgqv cÖgyL Kwei KweZv wQj Kvwj`vm ivq, Kzgy`iÄb gwjøK cÖf…wZ Nivbvi| wKš‘ RmxgD`&`x‡bi KweZv dwi`cy‡ii †jvKwPÎ enb K‡i Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q ¯§iYxq n‡q Av‡Q| ï‡bwQ Zuvi †mvRbevw`qvi NvU GK`v KjKvZvevmx wkó wn›`y †jLK‡`i weiƒc K‡i Zz‡jwQj| †h‡nZz gymwjg hye‡Ki m‡½ bgk~`ª wn›`y †g‡qi cÖYqKvwnwb IB Mv_vi DcRxe¨ wQj| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZv Avwg wKQy-wKQy c‡owQ| GK`v Zuvi b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb eBwU Avgv‡K Lye gy» K‡iwQj| †hgb Ô†`ex †PŠayivbxÕ iscy‡ii evwm›`v n‡qwQ‡jb ew¼gx iPbvq, Ôb~ij`xbÕI IB GKB A‡ji Awaevmx| Avgvi evj¨¯§„wZ‡Z ivLv Av‡Q cvebv, ivRkvnx, e¸ovi †jvKfvlvi Avðh© wPÎgqiƒc| Avgvi `yB w`w` Avgvi R‡b¥i Av‡M iscy‡i m‡ivwRbx †`exi Rwg`vwi‡Z KvR Kivi myev‡` evevi Kv‡Ri m½x n‡qwQj| Zuv‡`i Kv‡QB cÖ_g wkÿv cvB myKzgvi iv‡qi iPbviI| A_©vr IB A‡ji wkó RbM‡Yi g‡a¨ iex›`ªbv‡_i cvkvcvwk myKzgvi iv‡qi iPbvI cvV Kiv n‡Zv| ï‡bwQ Kvwj`vm ivq cÖ_g Rxe‡b hLb iscy‡i wkÿK n‡q wM‡qwQ‡jb, ILvbKvi mvwnZ¨ cwil‡`i cÿ †_‡K Zuv‡K Kwe‡kLi Dcvwa †`Iqv n‡qwQj| Kvwj`vm ivq IB Kwe‡kLi DcvwawU eR©b K‡ibwb| ZvQvov Avgvi †R¨ôvMÖR iscyi KvigvB‡Kj K‡j‡Ri QvÎ wQ‡jb| evsjv Z_v fvi‡Zi cÖ_g knx` e¸ovi wenvi MÖv‡gi cÖdzjø PvwKi NwbôZv wQj IB K‡j‡Ri m‡½| Avgvi e¨w³MZfv‡e g‡b nq iPbvq hv‡K mwZ¨ gvZ…fvlv e‡j g‡b Kwi, †mB Avgvi gv‡qi gy‡Li fvlv ÔKvBo¨v wb‡Z PvqÕ †h wkó evsjv fvlvixwZ, Avwg Zvi mwZ¨Kv‡ii AbyMZ bB| Avgvi Rxeb, gv‡qi RxebKv‡j, †`kwefv‡Mi ci GB evsjvq Avmvi c‡iI IB cvebv, ivRkvnxi K_‡b K_v ejZvg| Z‡e Zvi g‡a¨ KL‡bv KL‡bv euvKzov-ea©gvb Xz‡K coZ| Avgvi e¨w³Rxe‡b evjK eqm †_‡K B”Qv wQj MÖv‡gi †ÿ‡Zi Pvwl nIqv, el©vq b`xi Rj †e‡o hvIqvi m‡½ m‡½ avb-cvU‡ÿZ hLb fvwm‡q w`Z †mB GKMjv R‡j, cvUPvwli g‡Zv, ÔnvBqv nvBqvÕ Mvb MvB‡Z †P‡qwQ| Avwg Aek¨ Rvwb bv ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Rb¥¯’vbwU †Kv_vq Ges †Kv_vq wZwb eo n‡q‡Qb| fvlv‡K evnb K‡i wZwb ¯^‡`k Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡Qb ev e¯‘MZ-fveMZ evnb¸‡jv †Kvb fvlvi gva¨‡g AvZ¥¯’ K‡iwQ‡jb| wKQzw`b Av‡M XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi R‰bK BwZnvm-we‡klÁ W. †mvwbqv wbkvZ Avwg‡bi m‡½ cwiPq nq| wZwb Avgvi evwo‡Z Avgvi †QvU †g‡qi m‡½ evm K‡i †M‡Qb| kvixwiK Amy¯’Zvi R‡b¨ Avwg cÖ_g iv‡ZB Nywg‡q cwo| W. Avwgb Avgvi Kv‡Q cÖvq ga¨iv‡Z, ivZ `kUvq Avgv‡K RvwM‡q wKQy K_v e‡jb Ges Deep Within the Heart bv‡g ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi eBwUi Abyev` Avgv‡K Dcnvi †`b| Pÿz‡iv‡M KvZi Avwg IB eBwU ivZ‡R‡MB cwo| jÿ Kwi, eBwU‡Z †jvKfvlvq 18 gvÎvi Aÿie„‡Ë †jLv †ZwÎkwU m‡bU Av‡Q| Zvi m‡½ AwZ PgrKvi Bs‡iwR‡Z kÖxgZx Avwg‡bi Abyev‡`i mnve¯’vb| Avgvi Aek¨ Bs‡iwR †jLvwU cov m‡Ë¡I kvgmyj n‡Ki †jvKfvlv eyS‡Z GK`ÐI Amywe‡a nqwb| Avwg Zuvi m¤¢eZ cÖwZwU Z_vKw_Z wkó evsjvq mvRv‡bv kã eyS‡Z †c‡iwQjvg Ges †`L‡Z †c‡iwQjvg| weKv‡ki g‡a¨B fvlvi MVb nq| KweZvi fvlvB civ fvlv| weª‡U‡bi GK mgv‡jvPK e‡jwQ‡jb, KweZv n‡jv me‡P‡q fv‡jv k‡ãi PgrKvi msMVb| Avgv‡`i Kv‡QI †mB best word Kx! Zv wK Z_vKw_Z ms¯‹…Z, Aviwe I cviwmK bvwK AbyMZ wkó evsjv! bvwK †jvKgy‡Li fvlv! Avwg †Zv wew¯§Z n‡q cwo,


Avevi †Zvgvi †Kv‡j wdiv hvq †Zvgvi mšÍvb, Avevi †Zvgvi †Kv‡j, Lvwj †Kvj, D_jvqv c‡o `y‡ai †Niv‡b fiv, Rbbx †Mv, cywbœgvi Pvb Ñ Avevi †m N‡i wdiv AvBmv‡Q mvivw`b c‡i| Avevi †m AvBmv‡Q Kiv‡ji Nyg P‡ÿ wbqv, P‡ÿi wfZ‡i Zvi †M‡ißvi wenv‡bi †mvbv, Ze‡bi bxj †Lv‡c wkgy‡ji jvj iO wbqv, Avevi †m AvBmv‡Q, Rbbx †Mv, Zzwg KvB‡›`v bv| (24) GB †h KweZvi ÔD_jvqvÕ, Ô†Niv‡b fivÕ, Ôcywbœgvi PvbÕ, ÔKiv‡ji NygÕ, Ôwenv‡bi †mvbvÕ, ÔZe‡bi bxj †Lv‡cÕ, Ôwkgy‡ji jvj iOÕ ÔKvB‡›`v bvÕ k㸇jv Avgv‡`i AšÍivZ¥v‡K cvMj K‡i †`q| iex›`ªbv‡_i †hgb Kv‡ji ivLvj Avgiv cwo, †ZgbB kvgmyj n‡Ki Av‡Q Kv‡ji †Mvcvj| KZ bv iOxjv bvI wbqv M¨v‡Q Kvj hgybvq, A‡Nv‡i nvivqv Mvfx †d‡i bvB wbR¯^ ivLvj| (25) cÖwZwU KweZvq GiKg Avðh© †jvKk㸇jv Av‡Q, hv Avgvi evj¨Kvj †_‡K †Pbv| K¨vb ZzB wMqvwQwj? Ñ Avwg †Zv‡i wRMvgy ALb P‡›`ªi wfZi †di, †hBLv‡b RwUjZv ev‡o, Ak_ Rovqv _v‡K b`x wbqv R‡ji wKbv‡i, Avgvi †Mivg wNiv †hBLv‡b Lvwj cjvqb Ñ gvby‡li, gvby‡li, Avi Zi P‡ÿi KvRj, †hBLv‡b †gjv †`q GKLvbv mybmvb bvI, †m bv‡q †mvqvi bvB, Ô†KWv hvI, †KWv evqv hvI?Õ †Kej AvQvo w`qv I‡V Kvjv hgybvi Rj? †KD bvB, †KD Zi bvB, ZzB wb‡R Rvbm, Zey K¨vb wMqvwQwj? K¨vb ZzB w`qvwQwj dvj? wK‡mi Kx ev‡`¨ Zi i³ K‡i D_vj cv_vj, Avgv‡i KÕ †`wL ZzB? KÕ bv †`wL, wK wQj gvbm? jÕ hvB R‡ji av‡i, `¨vL Qvqv Avgvi wK Zi? gvby‡l gvby‡l bvB †Kv‡bv †f` `yt‡Li wfZi| (26)

†mvwbqv Avwgb Abyev` Ki‡Z wM‡q ÔG‡jv‡g‡jv PzjÕ I ÔAvDjv evDjv †KkÕ `y‡qi g‡a¨ Zdvr K‡i‡Qb| cÖ_gwU wkó evsjv| wØZxqwU †jvKkÖæwZ| Aek¨ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, GB `yB D”PviY ÔG‡jv‡g‡jvÕ I ÔAvDjv evDjvÕ GK K‡i †`Lvi K_v fv‡ebwb| Zey Zuvi g‡b n‡q‡Q, GKwU wkó fvlvi AšÍMZ © , AciwU K_¨ fvlvi AšÍMZ © | gvwK©b wb‡MÖv Kwe, ¯‹wUk I Avwd«Kvi Kwe †jŠwKK evMfw½i kã I D”PviY e¨envi K‡i m¤úK© I ¯§iYxq KweZv wjL‡Z cv‡ib, AvgivB ev †Kb evsjv fvlvq †m m¤¢vebv cixÿv K‡i †`Le bv... cvkvcvwk A_ev GKB m‡½? divwm fvlvq †m‡bMv‡ji Kwe Leopold Sedar Senghor Avwe®‹vi K‡iwQ‡jb wb‡MÖvZ¡ Ges Ryjy we‡`ªv‡ni bvqK kvKv-†K wb‡q GK Avðh© Kve¨bvU¨ wj‡LwQ‡jb| ZvQvov †Zv Zuvi KweZvI Av‡Q| wZwb wKš‘ KweZvq wb‡MÖvZ¡ eR©b K‡ibwb, Avgvi g‡b nq c‡MŠ‡oi Kwe‡`i Avcb †MŠoxq Aw¯ÍZ¡ Avwe®‹vi Kiv Avï cÖ‡qvRb| KZ Avðh© MÖvgxY fvlv kvgmyj nK e¨envi K‡i‡Qb Ges bvix‡KI Lye my›`ifv‡e e¨Äbvi AšÍf³ ©z K‡i‡Qb| †hgb 32 msL¨K KweZvq Ñ P‡ÿi cj‡K Zzwg †`Lv w`qv K‡iv †gQgvi; iwZi Av¸‡b me `vD`vD, cwiYv‡g LvK& Avgvi G †`n e‡U, fwel¨r cvq bv wb¯Ívi; mKj wKQyi c‡i `¨vI Zzwg Dovqv ev`vg, Zx‡ii gZb Zviv avqv hvq KI †Kvb avg? eis †Zvgvi w_Kv `qveZx †Rvqvi wZ¯Ívi| (32) iPbv `xN© Ki‡Z PvB bv| Avgvi hv ejvi Zv ejv n‡q †M‡Q| iNyesk‡gi m~Îcv‡Z Kvwj`vm wj‡LwQ‡jb, evK& Ges A_©, cve©Zx-ci‡gk¦‡ii g‡ZvB Awe‡”Q`¨| kÖxgZx Avwgb, kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZvi PgrKvi Abym„Rb K‡i‡Qb| Abyev‡`i cwiwk‡ó †i‡L‡Qb gyb&wkqvbv| fv‡jv jvMj e½ BwZnvm M‡ewlKv e‡½i we‡kl A‡ji fvlvi Avengvb cÖengvbZv‡K AšÍM©Z Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb Ges Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q †mB Abym„Rb Dcnvi w`‡q‡Qb e‡j| r AbywjLb I m¤úv`bv Ñ †kŠwfK gy‡Lvcva¨vq

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ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : mvwn‡Z¨i w`e¨i‡_ †mwjbv †nv‡mb cÖYxZ Rxe‡bi K_vKvi

m

e¨mvPx †jLK ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki m‡½ mvgbvmvgwb cwiPq nIqvi Av‡M Zuv‡K wPb‡Z ïiæ Kwi Zuvi mvwn‡Z¨i gva¨‡g| ZLb ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡q cwo| wb‡R KweZv-Mí wjLwQ| bvbv eB msMÖn K‡i cwo| †bkvi g‡Zv cov| ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡qi jvB‡eªwi wQj wcÖq RvqMv| nv‡Z cvB Kwe nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb-m¤úvw`Z GKz‡k †deªæqvwi bv‡gi GKz‡ki msKjb| cÖKvkKvj 1953| GB msKj‡bi KweZv¸‡jvi †Kv‡bv wk‡ivbvg wQj bv| cÖwZwU KweZvi Ic‡i eo Aÿ‡i †jLv wQj Kwei bvg| KweZvwU Gfv‡e Qvcv nq : 22


ˆmq` kvgmyj nK mf¨Zvi gwYe‡Ü mg‡qi Nwo wkïi Rb¥ †_‡K Riv‡`n ÿxYk¦vm gvb‡ei Aejywßi mxgv‡iLvq e‡j †Mj †mB K_v| †mB K_v e‡j †Mj AbM©j Ñ Zßk¦vm nvûZvk cvZvSiv we`xY© ˆekvLxi R¡vjvKi w`‡bi w`M‡šÍ Avlv‡pi cyÄxf‚Z Kv‡jv †gN Avm‡eB wVK| mvM‡ii †jvbvR‡j wmœ» gvwUi Øxc k¨vgjx ¯^‡cœi Mvb ey‡K cy‡l bexb m~‡h©‡i Zvi `„p A½xKvi Rvbv‡eB| msL¨vnxb cÖwZev` †XD‡qiv AvmyK, Zzwg w¯’i †_‡Kv| cÖvK…wZK SÅvevZ Ae‡njv Kwi mÂq K‡i hvI gy‡Vv gy‡Vv ˆMwiK gvwU t meyR MÜevnx †mvbvjx m~‡h©i w`kv AK¯§vr D™¢vwmZ †Kv‡i †`‡e †Zvgvi Pjvi c_| mf¨Zvi gwYe‡Ü mg‡qi Nwo wkïi Rb¥ †_‡K Riv‡`n ÿxYk¦vm gvb‡ei Aejywßi mxgv‡iLvq e‡j †Mj †mB K_v| †mB K_v e‡j †Mj AbM©j c„w_exi wRRxwely AvZ¥vi Kv‡Q| Nbxf‚Z RbZvi ü`‡q ü`‡q D¾¡j wkLv †mB Agi msev` †XD Zz‡j w`‡q †Mj| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK m‡Z‡iv eQi eq‡m GB KweZv wj‡LwQ‡jb| GKz‡k †deªæqvwii †PZbvMZ w`KwU cÖej mvs¯‹…wZK †ev‡a we‡køwlZ n‡q‡Q| GKBm‡½ Zuvi wkíK‡g©i gvbm‡PZbvi meUzKz wea„Z n‡q‡Q GB KweZvq| wZwb GKzk‡K e‡j‡Qb Ômf¨Zvi gwYe‡Ü mg‡qi Nwo|Õ wZwb ¯^‡`k‡K †`‡L‡Qb ÔmvM‡ii †jvbvR‡j wmœ» gvwUi ØxcÕ wn‡m‡e| ¯^‡`k‡K e‡j‡Qb ÔmsL¨vnxb cÖwZev` †XD‡qiv AvmyK, Zzwg w¯’i †_‡Kv|Õ GKzk‡K †`‡L‡Qb Gfv‡e Ôwkïi Rb¥ †_‡K Riv‡`n ÿxYk¦vm gvb‡ei Aejywßi mxgv‡iLvq e‡j †Mj †mB K_v|Õ e‡j‡Qb ÔNbxf‚Z RbZvi ü`‡q ü`‡q D¾¡j wkLv †mB Agi msev` †XD Zz‡j w`‡q †Mj|Õ ¯^‡`k, MYgvbyl, Ôk¨vgjx ¯^‡cœi MvbÕ wgwj‡q mvwn‡Z¨i Dcv`vb wb‡q‡Qb e„nËi cwimi †_‡K| ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb mvwn‡Z¨i †mªvZ| `ynvZ f‡i wj‡L‡Qb mvwn‡Z¨i wewfbœ Avw½‡K| fwi‡q w`‡q‡Qb evsjv‡`‡ki mvwn‡Z¨i fvÐvi| GLv‡bB ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki we‡klZ¡| mvZPwjøk-cieZx© evsjv‡`‡ki mvwnZ¨ †h-ZiæY †jLKiv cÂv‡ki `k‡K m~Pbv K‡iwQ‡jb wZwb Zuv‡`i GKRb| eZ©gvb mvwnZ¨Kgx©iv Zuv‡`iB DËim~wi| wZwb †Zv †mB †jLK whwb Rxeb‡K †`‡L‡Qb †ev‡ai gMœZvq, †`‡L‡Qb gb‡bi km¨‡ÿ‡Î, †`‡L‡Qb †cÖ‡gi Kíbvq, †`‡L‡Qb J¾¡‡j¨, weeY©Zvq, aŸs‡m, hy‡×, cÖwZ‡iv‡a, fv‡jvevmvq, msK‡U Ges mvgwMÖK m‡Z¨| wZwb mgq‡K a‡i‡Qb Ñ mg‡qi Rxeb‡K K¨vbfv‡m Gu‡K‡Qb Ñ RbRxe‡bi QvcwP‡Î D‡V G‡m‡Q GKRb Kwe| 1962 mv‡j †jLv n‡qwQj Zuvi ÔKweÕ Mí| ZLb †`‡k AvBqye Lv‡bi mvgwiK kvmb Pj‡Q| M‡íi bvqK Kwe Ave`yi ie

gybkx| KweZv †j‡Lb| mevB Zuvi KweZv ïb‡Z fv‡jvev‡m| nv‡Ui w`‡b wZwb †QvU-†QvU cyw¯ÍKv wewµ K‡ib| GwM‡q Av‡m wbe©vP‡bi mgq| MÖv‡gi cÖfvekvjx †RvZ`vi wbe©vP‡b cÖv_x© nb| GKw`b wZwb Kwe‡K †W‡K e‡jb, Avcwb Avgvi c‡ÿ KweZv wjL‡eb| Avgvi ¸YMvb MvB‡eb| Zv nv‡U-evRv‡i †M‡q †eov‡eb| Kwe Ave`yi ie gybkx Zuvi KweZvi LvZv ey‡K Rwo‡q e‡jb, Avwg †Zv mvaviY gvby‡li Rb¨ wjwL| Avcwb mvaviY gvby‡li Rb¨ †Kv‡bv KvR K‡ib bv| Avwg Avcbvi ¸YMvb †M‡q KweZv wjL‡Z cvie bv| Kwei GB Abgbxq `„pZvi mvg‡b civwRZ nq AvwacZ¨kxj gvby‡li `vcU| wKš‘ Zuvi c‡ÿ GB `„pZv †g‡b †bIqv m¤¢e bq| ZvB ïiæ nq Kwei Ici wbh©vZb| Zuvi nv‡ji Miæ †K‡o †bIqv nq, Zuvi Ni cywo‡q †`Iqv nq| KweZvi LvZv fvwm‡q †`Iqv nq Lv‡ji cvwb‡Z| ZviciI bwZ ¯^xKvi K‡ib bv Kwe| M‡íi †k‡l Ave`yi ie gybkx DËg cyiæ‡l †jLv Avwg Pwi·K e‡j, ÔZvjyK`vi mv‡e Avgvi ÿwZ Ki‡Z cv‡i bvB| GLb KB‡Z Avi fq bvB Avgvi, Avwg iPbv _vgvB bvB| K_v bv KBqv gvbyl euvwP‡Z cv‡i? Avwg K‡Zv KweZv Mvb iPbv KiwQ Zvic‡i| me j¨vLv Av‡Q| †jBLv †Zvi‡½ eÜ KBiv _yBwQ| AvBR bv nDK KvBj †Zv †jv‡K Rvb‡Z cvBi‡e| Avc‡b‡i Avwg WvKwQ, Avgvi KweZv¸‡jv GKLvbv eB KBiv QvcvBqv w`‡qb| Avc‡b cvi‡eb| w`‡eb? GKUv Avðh© wkniY †eva Kijvg, mg¯Í AšÍ‡ii g‡a¨ Ac~e© GKUv Avb›` n‡jv| Kwe Ave`yi ie gybkx g‡i hvbwb| †mB Li‡iŠ‡`ª mvivw`b jv½j P‡l evwo wd‡i iv‡Zi AÜKv‡i †Mvc‡b †Mvc‡b wZwb iPbv K‡i †M‡Qb| Zuvi eo †Q‡j‡K ej‡jb, †Zvi½ Ly‡j KweZv¸‡jv w`‡Z| †m cyi‡bv GKLÐ Kvc‡o hZœ K‡i euvav †jLvi cyuUzwj G‡b w`‡jv| gybkx mv‡ne Bkviv Ki‡jb Avgv‡K cyuUzwjUv Zz‡j w`‡Z| GKgyn~‡Z© fvwi wbivm³ wbwj©ß g‡b n‡jv Zuv‡K| G‡Zv †h AvMÖn, G‡Zv †h ggZv, †jLv¸‡jv ¯úk© ch©šÍ Ki‡jb bv wZwb| ZvwK‡q †`L‡jb bv Avi| †PvL †_‡K UcUc K‡i cvwb Mwo‡q co‡Z jvMj ïay| gyL wdwi‡q weK…Z K‡É ej‡jb, KZw`b fvewQ, GK `¨vk QvBov †h w`K `yB †PvL hvq PBjv hvgy| Avevi fvewQ, †Kv_vq hvgy GB gvwU dvjvBqv| GB Pvb-m~h©, MvQ-MvQvwj, g¨vN-gv`j, Avi †Kv‡bv `¨v‡k Av‡Q? Avwg PBjv †M‡j Ab¨vq †Zv Avi Avgvi mv‡_ mv‡_ hvwe bv| GB †`‡kB iq¨v hvwe| †Zv Avgvi PBjv hvIqvi jvf? ZvB gvwU aBiv cBov wQjvg| gvwUi mv‡_ K‡Zv K_v KBwQ| KBwQ, gvwU‡i ZzB Avgvi gv, KZ `yt‡L ZzB KvjveiY nBQvm †i Zv Avwg Rvwb bv? ZzB †Zv Avgv‡i ci Kim bvB, Avwg Z‡i QvBov hvgy †Kvb `yt‡L| ZzB AvQm, Avgvi me Av‡Q| ej‡Z ej‡Z Zvi †div‡bv gyLwU wZwb bvwg‡q wb‡jb Av‡iv; †g‡Si Ici gyL †i‡L µ›`b-Kw¤úZ k㸇jv‡K ey‡Ki †fZi †_‡K †ei K‡i P‡j‡Qb; Zuvi `ytL-w`‡bi wbtm½ mvabvi cy®ú¸‡jv Avgvi nv‡Z Zz‡j w`‡q‡Qb| gv_vi Kv‡Q †jvKUv e‡m Av‡Q A‡eva †Pv‡L; Kwe Ave`yi ie gybkxi m‡½ †mB Avgvi †kl mvÿvr| Avgvi GKgvÎ †kvK GB R‡b¨ †h, Zuvi G Kve¨msMÖn wZwb †`‡L †h‡Z cvi‡jb bv|Õ GB M‡íi g‡a¨ Av‡Q cÖwZ‡iv‡ai mvwn‡Z¨i PwiÎ| mgq‡KI cÖwZdwjZ K‡i| mvgwiK kvm‡bi RuvZvK‡ji wb‡P

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evm K‡iI gvbyl Zvi gh©v`vi RvqMvUv nvivq bv Ñ M‡íi GB †eva cvVK-ü`‡q mÂvwiZ nq| gvbyl wb‡Riv Ny‡i `uvov‡bvi †cÖiYvi RvqMv Luy‡R cvq| GKmgq MYmvwn‡Z¨i aviv m~wPZ n‡qwQj myKvšÍ-†mv‡gb P‡›`ªi nv‡Z| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki ÔKweÕ Mí †mB aviv‡K cÖwZwbwaZ¡ K‡i, Z‡e Zvi wWcviPvi Av‡Q| GLv‡bB mvwn‡Z¨i mg‡qi weeZ©‡bi wfbœ PwiÎ Abyaveb Kiv hvq| Mí †¯øvMvb nq bv, wk‡íi hvÎv‡K AÿzYœ †i‡L mvwnZ¨B nq, †h-mvwnZ¨ gvbemf¨Zvi m¤ú`| ÔKweÕ M‡íi GKwÎk eQi c‡i cvIqv hvq ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Kve¨bvUK b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb| iwPZ nq 1983 mv‡j| Aek¨ cÖvmw½Kfv‡e GUv e‡j ivLv `iKvi †h, GB mg‡qi gv‡S Zuvi Av‡iv A‡bK †jLv Av‡Q Avwg gvÎ K‡qKwU †jLv wbe©vPb K‡iwQ AvR‡Ki GB †jLvwUi Rb¨| ÔKweÕ M‡íi avivevwnKZvq Avevi Avgvi mvg‡b G‡m `uvovb GKRb b~ij`xb, whwb wPrKvi K‡i e‡jb, ÔRv‡Mv ev‡nÕ| b~ij`xb BwZnv‡mi gvbyl, b~ij`xb MÖvgxY Rbc‡`i gvbyl| b~ij`xb Kwe Ave`yi ie gybkxi g‡Zv cÖwZ‡iv‡ai gvbyl| we‡`ªv‡ni gvbyl| gv_v DuPz K‡i `uvwo‡q _vKvi gvbyl| me¨mvPx †jL‡Ki Kjg Avðh© `ÿZvq D‡V G‡m‡Q mgKv‡ji evsjv‡`‡k| Zuvi D‡V Avmvi wkígva¨g Kve¨bvUK| †`‡ki g‡Â Awfbqwkíxi K‡É D‡V Av‡m b~ij`x‡bi Awebvkx D”PviY Ñ ÔRv‡Mv ev‡nÕ| AvÂwjK fvlvi GKwU m‡¤^vab (ev‡n) Qwo‡q hvq mvwn‡Z¨i f‚L‡Ð| Zuvi †h KweZvwU Avgvi ¯§„wZ‡Z †Mu‡_ Av‡Q Zvi bvg

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ÔAvgvi cwiPqÕ| evieviB cwo| KweZvq BwZnv‡mi web¨vm, RvwZ-cwiP‡qi †gŠjf‚wg Ges Q‡›`i AbyiYb ZvwoZ K‡i| g‡b nq, AvwgB †Zv †mB RvwZi gvbyl, †h RvwZ †kKonxb| HwZ‡n¨i c‡_ †nu‡U †cuŠ‡Q hvq eZ©gv‡b Ñ Pj‡Z _vK‡e AvMvgxi c‡_| KweZvwUi ïiæ Ggb : ÔAvwg R‡b¥wQ evsjvq, Avwg evsjvq K_v ewj,/ Avwg evsjvi Avjc_ w`‡q nvRvi eQi Pwj|/ Pwj cwjgvwU †Kvg‡j Avgvi Pjvi wPý †d‡j|/ †Z‡ivkZ b`x myavq Avgv‡K †Kv_v †_‡K Zzwg G‡j?/... Avwg †Zv G‡mwQ Ph©vc‡`i Aÿi¸‡jv †_‡K|/ Avwg †Zv G‡mwQ mI`vM‡ii wWOvi eni †_‡K|/ Avwg Zv G‡mwQ ˆKe‡Z©i we‡`ªvnx MÖvg †_‡K|/ Avwg †Zv G‡mwQ cvjhyM bv‡g wPÎKjvi †_‡K|Õ Gfv‡e Av‡iv A‡bK c_ cvi n‡q‡Q GB KweZv| wZwb †kl K‡i‡Qb Gfv‡e : cwiP‡q Avwg evOvwj, Avgvi Av‡Q BwZnvm M‡e©i Ñ KL‡bvB fq Kwibv‡Kv Avwg D`¨Z †Kv‡bv Lo‡Mi| kÎæi mv‡_ jovB K‡iwQ, ¯^‡cœi mv‡_ evm; A‡¯¿I kvb w`‡qwQ †hgb km¨ K‡iwQ Pvl; GKB nvwmgy‡L evRv‡qwQ euvwk, Mjvq c‡iwQ duvm; Av‡cvl Kwiwb KL‡bvB Avwg Ñ GB n‡jv BwZnvm| GB BwZnvm fz‡j hv‡ev AvR, Avwg wK †Zgb mšÍvb? Ñ hLb Avgvi Rb‡Ki bvg †kL gywReyi ingvb; ZviB BwZnvm †cÖiYvq Avwg evsjvi c_ Pwj Ñ †Pv‡L bxjvKvk, ey‡K wek¦vm, cv‡q De©i cwj|


BwZnv‡mi GKwU eo cÖeÜ c‡o ZiæY cÖRb¥ hv Rvb‡e, GB KweZvwU Pz¤^K AvKv‡i †mB BwZnvm Zz‡j a‡i| cÖej Av‡eM Ges Aby‡cÖiYvi †ev‡a| KweZvwU †jLv n‡q‡Q 1992 mv‡j| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki GKwU Dcb¨v‡mi bvg e„wó I we‡`ªvnxMY| Dcb¨vmwU wZwb `xN© mgq a‡i wj‡L‡Qb| Zuvi K_vq, Ôg‡b co‡Q, Dcb¨vmwU wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQjvg jÛ‡b, †mB GK mܨvq cÖej ZzlvicvZ I Zz›`ªv evZv‡mi 1979 mv‡ji †PŠVv Rvbyqvwi, Avi AvR †jLvwU †kl n‡jv Avgvi GLbKvi emevm XvKvq Gev‡ii ˆkZ¨cÖevwnZ Kuvcb Ges †Nvi Kzqvkvi †fZ‡i 1998 mv‡ji `kB Rvbyqvwi|Õ bvU‡Ki Avw½‡K m~wPZ n‡q‡Q GB Dcb¨vm| KviY A`„k¨ K‡É †kvbv †M‡Q Dcb¨v‡mi m~Pbvi eqvb| †m-eqv‡b knx` wgbv‡i e½eÜzi e³…Zvi K_v Av‡Q| `yRb Ziæ‡Yi †hv×v nIqvi K_v Av‡Q| Dcb¨v‡mi cUf‚wg evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy×| eKPi MÖv‡g †Wiv ¯’vcb K‡i‡Q gyw³‡hv×vi `j| GB `‡ji †bZ…Z¡ w`‡”Q R‡jk¦ix K‡j‡Ri BwZnv‡mi Aa¨vcK gwnDwÏb| †jLK ej‡Qb : Ô...Ges Avgiv cÖ‡ek Kwi cÖvPxb GKwU wKse`šÍxi †fZ‡i Ñ Ges Avgiv cÖZ¨ÿ Kwi bZzb GKwU wKse`šÍxi Rb¥|Õ gwnDwÏb bKkv Gu‡K gyw³‡hv×v‡`i †`wL‡q †`b Kxfv‡e Ava‡Kvkv b`x el©vKv‡j dz‡j‡du‡c DV‡e Ges Zviv Kxfv‡e cvwK¯Ívwb †mbv‡`i civwRZ Ki‡e| ÔPviw`‡K LjLj K‡i eB‡e ïay cvwb Avi cvwb, cvnvox cvwb, Xj, N~wY©; †mB Øx‡ci †fZ‡i ZLb AvU‡K co‡e cvwK¯Ívb Zvi cy‡iv evwnbx wb‡qÕ| †hv×v‡`i bvbv cwiKíbv ˆZwi nq b`x, e„wó Ges el©vKvj wb‡q| †jLK GB Dcb¨v‡m Avw½‡Ki bvUKxq cÖZxK e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| gwnDwχbi K_vq D‡V Av‡m gyw³hy× wb‡q we‡`wk‡`i fvebvi K_v| †m g‡b K‡i, †m wb‡RI wKDev ev wf‡qZbv‡gi †hv×vi g‡Zv GKRb †hv×v| Zvi fvebvq D‡V Av‡m : Ôe„‡U‡bi kÖwgK `‡ji GKRb †bZv †Wvbvì †PmIqv_© AwP‡iB ej‡eb, ¯^vaxb mve©‡fŠg evsjv‡`k‡K †KD iæL‡Z cvi‡e bv| cvwK¯Ívwb mk¯¿ evwnbx evOvwj‡`i Dci Suvwc‡q c‡o GKUvB KvR Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Q Ñ ivZvivwZ Zviv †Mwijv‡`i Rb¥ w`‡q‡Q, gvbyl‡K †hv×v K‡i Zz‡j‡Q|Õ `xN© cwim‡i A‡bK eo Dcb¨vm GwU| e„wó Ges we‡`ªvnx‡`i bvbv AvPiY Dcb¨v‡mi wewfbœ †cÖÿvc‡U wd‡i wd‡i G‡m‡Q| Dcb¨vm †kl n‡q‡Q gvbeRxe‡bi †gŠj mZ¨ D”PviY K‡i| gyw³‡hv×v gwnDwχbi A‰ea mšÍvb‡K wZwb †`wL‡q‡Qb gvbea‡g©i cÖK…Z gh©v`vq| D”PviY K‡i‡Qb a‡g©i cÖK…Z mZ¨| †kl jvBbwU Ggb : ÔmvgmyÏxb gv‡b Øx‡bi †h kvgm, a‡g©i †h m~h©| Avi ag© †Zv Avi wKQyB bq, ag© n‡”Q cÖK…Z A‡_© ZvB Ñ hv Avgv‡`i aviY K‡i|Õ Dcb¨vmwU evsjv‡`‡ki mvwnZ¨fvÐv‡i GKwU Ag~j¨ m¤ú`| †h-KwU iPbvi K_v GLv‡b D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q Zv mg‡qi †ek eo e¨eav‡b iwPZ| wZwb mg‡qi iwki wMuU¸‡jv h_vmg‡q w`‡q‡Qb, Zv eyS‡ZB n‡e| mvwn‡Z¨i g~j¨vqb Kvj-cwiwa‡Z bv›`wbK fv‡l¨ we‡ewPZ nq| wk‡íi `vq †_‡K †Kv‡bv †jLKB gy³ bb| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †mB `vq m‡½ wb‡qB mg‡qi hvÎvc‡_ GwM‡q‡Qb| wZwb AZ¨šÍ m‡PZb `xN© gv‡ci wkíx|

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K_v ï‡b Av‡bvqvi ejj, AvwgI hve| KZ w`b nKfvB‡qi m‡½ †`Lv nqwb| Av‡bvqviv Avcv‡K †dvb K‡iv| Avwg †gvevBj nv‡Z wb‡qI †dvb Ki‡Z cvwi bv| mvnm nw”Qj bv| †Kgb Av‡Qb nKfvB? hvIqv wK wVK n‡e? Wv³v‡ii wb‡la Av‡Q wK? bvbv fvebvq Pzc K‡i e‡m _vwK| Av‡bvqviv Avcv‡K †dvb Ki‡j GZ wKQyi DËi cve| ZviciI †Kb mvnm nw”Qj bv eyS‡Z cviwQjvg bv| `ycy‡ii w`‡K wcqvm gwR` Av‡m| I‡K wR‡Ám Kijvg, nKfvB‡K †`L‡Z wM‡qwQ‡j? I gv_v †b‡o Rvbvj, K‡qKeviB wM‡qwQ| Avwg hve fvewQjvg| AvRB| P‡jb, Avcv, AvwgI Avcbv‡`i m‡½ hve| nvmcvZv‡ji Qq Zjvq| 604 b¤^i iæg| Ii K_vq mvnm G‡jv| Av‡bvqviv Avcv‡K †dvb w`jvg| Avcv †dvb ai‡jb| ej‡jb, KLb Avm‡Z PvI? ejjvg, PviUv ev cuvPUv? wVK Av‡Q Avm| nvmcvZv‡j G‡m wb‡P †_‡K Avgv‡K †dvb w`I| C‡`i QywU Pj‡Q| XvKv kn‡i hvbRU †bB| PviUvi mgq †cuŠ‡Q hvB Avgiv| Avcv‡K †dvb w`‡j Avcv ej‡jb, I †Zv Nywg‡q Av‡Q| †Zvgiv GKUz A‡cÿv K‡iv| Avgiv nvmcvZv‡ji jwe‡Z A‡cÿv Kwi| †`L‡Z cvB evB‡i w`‡bi Av‡jv K‡g Avm‡Q| †kl we‡K‡ji gvqvex Av‡jv Qwo‡q Av‡Q Pviw`‡K| Nwo‡Z cuvPUv ev‡R| Av‡bvqviv Avcv‡K †dvb Ki‡j wZwb Ic‡i †h‡Z e‡jb| N‡ii mvg‡b †`Lv nq Kwe ZvwiK myRv‡Zi m‡½| gy‡Li gv¯‹ wb‡q nvZ cwi®‹vi K‡i Avgiv N‡i XzwK| cÖ_‡g Avwg wM‡q nKfvB‡qi †e‡Wi cv‡k `uvovB| wZwb Avgvi nvZ a‡ib| Zuvi wb‡Ri Abyev‡` nvwd‡Ri K‡qK jvBb KweZv e‡jb : †Kbvb †_‡K Avm‡e wd‡i Ñ †Kv‡iv bv †kvK BDmy‡di| wbiæ‡Ï‡ki gvÎ KÕw`b! †Pv‡Li cvwb †d‡jv bv †di| †Ku‡`v bv Avi| Kuv`‡e †Kb? `ytL‡kv‡Ki Liv‡ZB †MvjvcKzuwo DV‡e dz‡U myMÜ Zvi Qov‡ZB| ey‡K †Zvgvi †Mvcb e¨_v, welYœZvq gwjb gyL Ñ Avevi n‡q DV‡e Av‡jv, Avm‡e wd‡i wgjb myL, kvšÍ n‡e `» ü`q| †Pv‡Li cvwb †d‡jv bv †di| Avwg K_v ej‡Z cviwQjvg bv| Avgv‡`i m‡½ K_v e‡j Av‡bvqviv Avcv mvg‡bi †mvdvq wM‡q e‡mb| Av‡bvqvi nKfvB‡qi m‡½ Kzkjwewbgq K‡i Ab¨ †mvdvq e‡m| nKfvB KweZv ejv _vwg‡q Avgv‡K e‡jb, †Zvgvi Kx Lei †mwjbv? Nvo †b‡o fv‡jv †evSvB| ZLb mivmwi Avgvi †Pv‡Li w`‡K ZvwK‡q e‡jb, ÔAvwg Rvwb †Zvgvi A‡bK †kvK| wKš‘ Rxeb †Zv P‰iewZ P‰iewZ| me wM‡q †g‡k hgybv b`xi gykvqivq|Õ Avgvi †fZiUv †Zvjcvo K‡i| wgR©v Mvwje‡K wb‡q †jLv Avgvi Dcb¨vm hgybv b`xi gykvqiv Avwg Av‡iv K‡qKR‡bi m‡½ nKfvB‡K DrmM© K‡iwQjvg| ZLb Avwg Abyfe Kijvg, nKfvB KZ Abvqvm ZxÿèZvq †kvK‡K b`xi m‡½ †gkv‡jb| 1998 mv‡ji 27 †m‡Þ¤^i Avgvi †g‡q jviv hLb cÖwkÿY wegvb `yN©Ubvq gviv hvq, †mw`b nKfvB Avgvi evwo‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb| †mw`b Zuvi m‡½ Avgvi †`Lv nqwb| †`Lv nIqvi cwiw¯’wZ wQj bv| evwo‡Z AmsL¨ gvbyl| †cv¯Í‡Mvjvq weaŸ¯Í nIqv wegvb kniRy‡o gvbyl‡K Kuvw`‡qwQj| mvsevw`K

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gÄyi Avng` 2.10.1998 Zvwi‡Li ˆ`wbK RbK‡É wj‡LwQ‡jb, Ôiv¯Ívi cv‡k cÖavb I cÖk¯Í mo‡Ki Mv †Nu‡l GKUv †Pqvi †c‡Z wbðzc e‡m wQ‡jb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK|Õ Ggb Av‡iv A‡b‡Ki Kv‡Q nKfvB †mw`b Avgvi evwo‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb †m-K_v ï‡bwQ| GKUz c‡i nKfvB wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, ÔZzwg wK k¨vgjxi evmv‡ZB AvQ?Õ ejjvg, nu¨v AvwQ| A‡b‡K Avgv‡K e‡j‡Q GB evwoUv wewµ K‡i ¸jkv‡b d¬¨vU wKb‡Z| wKš‘ Avwg Zv Ki‡Z cvwiwb| jviv‡K GLv‡b †i‡L Avwg †Kv_vI †h‡Z cvie bv| wZwb Avgvi nvZ gywV‡Z a‡i †i‡LB ej‡jb, ÔGKUv K_v g‡b ivL‡e, nKfvB ejwQ, GUv ej‡e mevB‡K Ôgvby‡li cÖwZ wek¦vm nviv‡bv cvcÕ iex›`ªbv_ e‡j‡Qb| Avwg ewj Ñ wek¦v‡mi cÖwZ wek¦vm nviv‡bv cvc| Pviw`‡K gvbyl †`wL bv|Õ Avwg wbðzc Zuvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q _vwK| Avgvi g‡b nq bv Avwg GKRb Amy¯’ gvbyl‡K †`L‡Z G‡mwQ| wZwb †Zv Avgvi mvg‡b †mB gvbyl, huv‡K Avwg 1971 mv‡ji 15 †deªæqvwi evsjv GKv‡Wwgi Abyôv‡b eUZjvi g‡Âi mvg‡b †`‡LwQjvg| †mw`b e½eÜz G‡mwQ‡jb GKz‡k †deªæqvwii 7 w`be¨vcx Abyôvbgvjvi D‡Øvab Ki‡Z| g‡b n‡”Q nvmcvZv‡ji weQvbvq ï‡q _vKv gvbylwU AweKj †ZgbB Av‡Qb| Zuv‡K mivmwi †`Lvi Av‡M Zuvi eB‡qi m‡½ cwiPq n‡qwQj lv‡Ui `k‡K wek¦we`¨vj‡q covi mgq| GL‡bv Avgvi mvg‡b wZwb m‡ZR, cÖvYešÍ gvbyl| †Kv_vI Zuvi †Kv‡bv AmyL †bB| wZwb Avevi ej‡jb, ÔGKUv Avð‡h©i e¨vcvi †Lqvj K‡iQ? K_vmvwn‡Z¨ Avgiv mevB DËie‡½i| Avwg, Bwjqvm, nvmvb, kIKZ Avjx, Zzwg|Õ Avwg AevK n‡q Zuvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q _vwK| Avgvi fvebvq KL‡bv GUv Av‡mwb| Avgvi e‡ov nIqv DËie‡½| wkÿv`xÿv e¸ov-ivRkvnx‡Z| GL‡bv Avgvi GKwU wcÖq RvqMv PuvcvBbeveM‡Äi mxgvšÍ GjvKv †cvjvWvOv| gnvb›`v b`xi cv‡o| nKfvB †n‡m ej‡jb, ÔAevK n‡qQ?Õ Avwg g„`y¯^‡i ejjvg, nu¨v| wcqvm Ii †gvevB‡j Qwe IVvq| ZvwiK myRvZI Qwe †Zv‡jb| nKfvB mevB‡K Qwe †Zvjvi Rb¨ Zuvi weQvbvi cv‡k Wv‡Kb| Av‡bvqvi Kv‡Q G‡m `uvov‡j e‡jb, ÔI Lye fv‡jv gvbyl| I kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b Avgvi †h †Lqvj †i‡LwQj Zv Avwg fzje bv|Õ Zvici m‡½-m‡½ KvRx bRiæ‡ji KweZv †_‡K `yB-wZb‡U jvBb ej‡jb †Rv‡i †Rv‡i Ñ ÔAv‡bvqvi| Av‡bvqvi| w`jvIqvi Zzwg... gv‡iv hZ Rv‡bvqvi|Õ wZwb KZ mn‡R Zuvi ¯§„wZ †_‡K Gme K_v Zz‡j Avb‡jb Zv Avgv‡K AevK K‡i| Avwg Avev‡iv fvwe, nKfvB Amy¯’ bb| Zuvi weQvbvi cv‡k e‡m Avwg ZL‡bv g‡b Ki‡Z cviwQjvg bv †h, †Kvb mv‡j Avgiv wM‡qwQjvg| GKwU mvwnZ¨ m‡¤§j‡b KjKvZvq wM‡qwQjvg Avgiv| kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b hvIqvi Rb¨ GKwU gvB‡µvevm †RvMvo K‡iwQj Kwe Kvgvj †PŠayix| c‡_ Ges kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b LvIqvi Rb¨ †i÷z‡i‡›U XzK‡j Av‡bvqvi nKfvB Kx Lv‡eb wR‡Ám K‡i LvIqvi †cøU Zuv‡K w`‡q AvmZ| nKfvB †fv‡jbwb| we`vq †bIqvi mgq nKfvB Avevi Avgvi nvZ a‡i ej‡jb, ÔAvevi G‡mv|Õ Avgiv hLb eviv›`vUv cvi nw”Qjvg, ZLb Av‡bvqvi evievi ejwQj, nKfvB wbðq A‡bK w`b euvP‡eb| Zuv‡K GKUzI Amy¯’ g‡b nqwb| GZ cÖvYešÍ, GZ mRxe| Avwg ejjvg, nKfvB‡K †`L‡Z Avevi Avme| wZwb Avm‡Z e‡j‡Qb| nvmcvZv‡ji wjd‡Ui mvg‡b `uvwo‡q ZL‡bv fve‡Z

26

cvwiwb †h, Zuv‡K †`L‡Z †h‡Z n‡e evsjv GKv‡Wwg‡Z wKsev knx` wgbv‡i| `yw`b c‡i wcqvm †dvb K‡i ejj, nKfvB Zuvi GKwU Bs‡iwR M‡íi Kwc LuyR‡Qb| wZwb e‡j‡Qb, †mwjbv wKsev ikx` nvq`v‡ii Kv‡Q †c‡Z cv‡iv| nKfvB‡qi †jLvi GKwU Bs‡iwR msKjb m¤úvw`Z n‡e| Avwg wR‡Ám Kwi, †Kvb Mí wcqvm? †Kv_vq Qvcv n‡qwQj? wcqvm Rvbvj, eBwU ivav PµeZx© Ab~w`Z I m¤úvw`Z CROSSINGS, w`wjø †_‡K cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| Avwg ejjvg, eBwU Avgvi Kv‡Q Av‡Q| Avwg d‡UvKwc K‡i ivLwQ| Zzwg Avgvi KvQ †_‡K wb‡q †hI| ciw`b wcqvm MíwU wb‡q hvq| nKfvB‡qi M‡íi bvg Ô¸ß Rxeb, cÖKvk¨ g„Zz¨|Õ Abyev‡`i bvg Secret Life, Public Death. gv‡S `yw`b cvi nq| †mw`b wQj 27‡k †m‡Þ¤^i| jvivi g„Zz¨evwl©Kx| Avgvi ey‡Ki †fZi ¯Íä k~b¨Zv| `ycy‡ii c‡i †dvb cvB Kwe Iev‡q` AvKv‡ki| Avcv nKfvB AvBwmBD‡Z| Avwg †LuvR wb‡q †R‡bwQ Wv³viiv Avkvev`x bb| AvRB GKUv wKQy n‡Z cv‡i| Avgvi K‡É AvZ©bv` Qovq| Kx ejQ! we‡K‡j Avevi 27‡k †m‡Þ¤^i Nbxf‚Z nq Avgvi Rxe‡b| Pviw`K †_‡K Lei cvB nKfvB †bB| 28 ZvwiL mKv‡j Avevi †dvb ev‡R| nKfvB‡K evsjv GKv‡Wwg‡Z Avbv n‡e| Avwg Rvwb, Avwg †Kv_vI hve bv| 1998 mv‡ji 27‡k †m‡Þ¤^‡ii c‡i Avwg Avi KvD‡K †kl †`Lv †`L‡Z knx` wgbv‡i hvBwb| Avwg †Kv‡bv KzjLvwb‡Z hvB bv| Gme Abyôv‡b †M‡j Avgvi ey‡Ki †fZ‡i 27‡k †m‡Þ¤^i ¯Íä n‡q _v‡K| Avwg wb‡Ri m‡½ hy× Kwi| Rb¥ Ges g„Zz¨i ga¨eZx© mg‡qi †eu‡P _vKvi hy×| nKfvB AvcwbI 27‡k †m‡Þ¤^‡i hy³ n‡q †M‡jb| Avcwb e‡jwQ‡jb, Ô†Zvgvi A‡bK †kvK, †mwjbv|Õ Avcwb Avgv‡K Av‡iv †kvKvZzi Ki‡jb| ZviciI evsjv‡`‡ki mvwnZ¨ wb‡q K_v ej‡Z n‡j, Avgv‡K ej‡Z n‡e Avcbvi Mí-Dcb¨vmKweZv-bvUK-cÖe‡Üi K_v| Avi Gfv‡e Avcbv‡K Avgvi †`Lv n‡e| Avwg Rvwb Avcbvi g„Zz¨ †bB| Ô†ivMkh¨vq iwPZ cO&w³gvjvÕ Avcwb gy‡L gy‡L e‡j‡Qb nKfvB| wj‡L‡Qb Av‡bvqviv Avcv| Avcbvi †lv‡jvwU KweZvq Avgiv Avcbvi AwgZ kw³ †`‡LwQ| covi mgq †PvL wf‡R hvq| `k b¤^i KweZvwU wj‡L‡Qb 11B †m‡Þ¤^i, we‡Kj 4 : 15 wgwb‡U| D×…wZ : `k kv`v G¨vcÖb, meyR BDwbdig, njy` †`qvj G n‡”Q nvmcvZvj| Avgvi Mv‡q kv`v Pv`i wKš‘ G KviI Kvdb bq GB kv`vi †fZ‡i mvZwU is A‡cÿvq i‡q‡Q KLb Avgv‡K Zviv iwÄZ K‡i D‡ËvwjZ Ki‡e b~Zb KweZvq| Avgv‡`i mvg‡b Avcwb iwÄZ n‡q Av‡Qb Kwe| Avcbvi is gy‡Q hv‡e bv| bexb cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q bZzb n‡q wdi‡e Avcbvi KweZv| r


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ï‡q-ï‡q, KL‡bv wb‡R wj‡L, KL‡bv-ev Zuvi ¯¿x, Avgv‡`i fvwe cÖwZfvevb †jwLKv Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK‡K w`‡q kÖæwZwjL‡bi gva¨‡g| wbgMœ †jLK I wkíxB †Kej Avmbœ g„Zz¨‡K Zz”Q K‡i m„R‡bi c‡_ Ggbfv‡e GwM‡q †h‡Z cv‡ib| KK©U‡iv‡Mi wbg©g †Pnviv‡K wZwb GK A‡_© AeÁv K‡iwQ‡jb| XvKvi BDbvB‡UW nvmcvZv‡j ï‡q-ï‡q Zuvi †kl w`b¸‡jv‡ZI wZwb Mvb I KweZv iPbv K‡i wM‡q‡Qb| Avwg hLb nvmcvZv‡j †`Lv Ki‡Z †Mjvg, wZwb e‡jwQ‡jb Av‡iv wZbwU bvUK wZwb †kl K‡i hv‡eb| GKwU Avgvi cQ‡›`i bvUK BwWcvm A¨vU K‡jvbvm, hvi bvgKiY Dwb K‡iwQ‡jb ÔBw`ªm cvcxÕ| 81 eQ‡ii cÖv‡šÍ G‡m Dwb c„w_ex †_‡K wPiwe`vq wb‡jb| †`‡L †h‡Z cvi‡jb bv n¨vg‡jU bvU‡Ki cÖ‡hvRbv| Avgv‡`i R‡b¨ GB `ytL n‡e Awbt‡kl| nKfvB‡qi Avwk eQic~wZ© Avgiv, wk‡íi msmv‡ii gvbyliv D`hvcb Kwi wkíKjv GKv‡Wwgi g~j wgjbvqZ‡b| †mw`‡bi Zuvi fvl‡Yi GKwU K_v Avgvi Kv‡b cÖwZwbqZ AbyiYb Zzj‡Q Ñ ÔAvwg iex›`ªbv‡_i Avqy AwZµg K‡iwQ, Avwg wK gnvZ¥v jvj‡bi gZ 116 eQ‡ii Avqy cve bv? Avwg wK evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv AR©‡bi cÂvk eQic~wZ© D`&hvc‡bi Ask n‡Z cvie bv?Õ GB eivfq gvbyl‡KB ejv hvq g„Zz¨Äqx| Dwb †hb weavZvi Kv‡Q ei †P‡qwQ‡jb †h, Dwb †hb Av‡iv K‡qKUv w`b euv‡Pb †Kej Zuvi mvwnZ¨-m„R‡bi R‡b¨| GKRb exi mvwnZ¨mªóvB GgbwU fve‡Z cv‡ib| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK eûcÖfv †jLK| Zuvi †mvbvi Kj‡gi †jLbx mvwn‡Z¨i mKj A½b‡K mdjfv‡e Quy‡q‡Q| Avwg Zuvi wk‡íi msmv‡ii eÜz; GB Abyfe Avgvi R‡b¨ køvNvi welq| iex›`ªDËi evsjv mvwnZ¨-wbg©v‡Yi w`K †_‡K cwðge‡½i eyׇ`e emy Ges Avgv‡`i †`‡ki ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wewPÎ e‡Y© cjøweZ K‡i‡Qb Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨fvÐvi‡K| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii h_v_©B DËi-mvaK| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Avw` I AK…wÎg Kve¨fvlv‡KB cÖavbZ Zuvi bvU¨fvlv wn‡m‡e MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| Kv‡e¨ †hgb iƒcvj¼vi, ms‡KZ, cÖZxK I weg~Z©Zv e¨envi Kivi my‡hvM Av‡Q, †ZgbwU M`¨fvlvq †bB| Avwg M`¨fvlv‡K †nq KiwQ bv| M`¨ n‡”Q Avgv‡`i gy‡Li fvlv; c‡`¨i i‡q‡Q eY©bv Dc¯’vc‡bi A‡bK

28

¸Yvewj| AvovB nvRvi eQi Av‡Mi wMÖK bvU¨Kvi RMrL¨vZ m‡dvwK¬m I Gm&wKjvm, ms¯‹…Z fvlvi gnvKwe I bvU¨Kvi Kvwj`vm Ges AvaywbK bvU‡Ki c_cÖ`k©K we‡k¦i †miv bvU¨Kvi, †lvok kZ‡Ki DBwjqvg †kK&mwcqi cÖgy‡Li mÁv‡b AbyMvgx n‡q‡Qb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| evsjv fvlvi †kÖô Kwe iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii bvU¨-m„R‡bi m¤¢vi wecyj; Zuvi me bvUK Kve¨fvlvq †jLv bv n‡jI bvUK¸‡jvi g~j myi wKš‘ Kvwe¨K, KviY wZwb cÖavbZ GKRb Kwe| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK cÖ_gZ GKRb Kwe e‡jB h_v_©fv‡e wZwb Kve¨fvlv‡KB Zuvi bvU¨fvlv wn‡m‡e †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb| AvaywbK we‡k¦i GKRb Bs‡iwR Kwe, huvi bvg wUGm BwjqU, wZwb Kve¨fvlv‡ZB Zuvi wek¦bw›`Z bvUK gvW©vi Bb& `¨ K¨vw_Wª¨vj iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb| we‡k¦i GKRb DËivaywbK bvU¨Kvi n‡jb m¨vgy‡qj †e‡KU, huv‡K bvU¨-mgv‡jvPK gvwU©b Gm&wjb w_‡qUvi Ae `¨ Gemv‡W©i AšÍfz©³ GKRb bvU¨Kvi wn‡m‡e wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb| †mB bvU¨Kv‡ii RMwØL¨vZ bvUK I‡qwUs di M‡Wvi msjvc hw`I m¤ú~Y© M`¨fvlvq iwPZ; bvUKwU c‡o †kl Kivi c‡i g‡b nq; GBgvÎ GKwU eo KweZv cov †kl K‡i DVjvg| bvU‡Ki msjvc c‡`¨ ev M‡`¨ nIqv DwPZ, Zv Avgvi Av‡jvP¨ welq bq; M`¨ I c`¨ Dfq msjv‡c MÖnY‡hvM¨ I ¸iæZ¡c~Y© bvUK iPbv K‡i‡Qb †`k-we‡`‡ki bvU¨Kviiv| †h‡nZz, bvU‡Ki f‚wgKv wØR; mvwnZ¨ wn‡m‡e bvUK cov †h‡Z cv‡i, Z‡e bvUK cy¯Í‡Ki g‡Zv †Kej eyK †mj‡d mwÂZ ivL‡j Gi AwfcÖvq Am¤ú~Y© †_‡K hvq| bvUK iPbv cwic~Y©Zv jvf K‡i hLb GK`j Awf‡bZv-Awf‡bÎx mw¤§wjZfv‡e g‡Âi Ici Awfb‡qi gva¨‡g Zv g~Z© K‡ib| †h-bvUK gÂvwqZ nq bv, †Kej covB nq; Zv‡K Bs‡iwR‡Z ÔK¬‡mUÕ Wªvgv ejv nq, A_©vr Avjgvwie× bvUK| hyMcr `k©b I kÖve¨ ¸‡Yi K_v g‡b †i‡LB ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zuvi bvU¨ iPbv ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb| ejv evûj¨ n‡e bv †h, Zuvi mvwnZ¨-m„R‡bi KwbôZg msmvi n‡jv bvUK; A_©vr Kve¨, Dcb¨vm, †QvUMí I cÖeÜ iPbvq wm×n¯Í nIqvi c‡i wZwb bvU¨ iPbv ïiæ K‡ib| wZwb cÖZ¨¶fv‡e bv n‡jI c‡iv¶fv‡e ¯^xKvi K‡i‡Qb †h, ¯^vaxb I mve©‡fŠg evsjv‡`‡k †MŠieRbK m¤¢vebv‡K Ae‡jvKb K‡i wZwb g‡Âi R‡b¨ bvUK †jLvq DØy× nb| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zuvi cÖ_g Kve¨bvUK cv‡qi

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AvIqvR cvIqv hvq-Gi f~wgKvq Avgv‡`i Rvbv‡”Qb Ñ Ômˇii `k‡Ki gvSvgvwS, we‡`k †_‡K QzwU‡Z †`‡k wd‡i, XvKvi cÖej bvU¨Zis‡M †f‡m hvB Ges wd‡i wM‡q iPbv Kwi Ôcv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvqÕ Ñ GK msKxY© N‡i, †Uwe‡ji Afv‡e †`qv‡j cv †VwK‡q nuvUzi Dci LvZv †i‡L, Awdm hvZvqv‡Zi c‡_ cvZvj‡i‡j g‡b g‡b; GB iPbvwU †kl K‡i DVevi c‡i g‡b nq, `xN©w`b †_‡K GiB R‡b¨ †Zv Avwg cÖ¯‘Z nw”Qjvg|Õ cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq w_‡qUvi bvU¨`‡ji †hvM¨ cÖ‡hvRbvq Ges myAwfb‡qi Kvi‡Y †`‡k-we‡`‡k wecyj mybvg AR©b K‡i| cieZx©Kv‡j Ôw_‡qUvi ¯‹z‡jÕi QvÎQvÎxiv Avgvi wb‡`©kbvq ¯‹z‡ji evwl©K cÖ‡hvRbv wn‡m‡e GB bvUKwU avbgwÐ 2 b¤^i mo‡K Aew¯’Z Rvg©vb KvjPvivj †m›Uvi wgjbvqZ‡b gÂvqb K‡i| bvUKwU Avwg cÖPwjZ gÂvq‡bi mxgvbv j•Nb K‡i wKQzUv be-e¨vL¨vq QvÎQvÎx‡`i w`‡q gÂvqb KivB| bvU¨Kvi ˆmq` nK GB cÖ‡hvRbv †`‡L cÖxZ n‡qwQ‡jb Ges ˆ`wbK msev‡` Zuvi wbqwgZfv‡e cÖKvwkZ Kjvg ÔürKj‡gi Uv‡bÕ‡Z wjL‡jb, hvi gg©v_© `uvovq Ñ ÔAvZvDi Avgvi cv‡k e‡m bZzbfv‡e bvUKwU iPbv K‡i‡QbÕ, bvU¨Kvi GgbwU fv‡ebwb, Ges cvkvcvwk GI e‡j‡Qb †h, AvwgB bvwK wQjvg †m-mg‡qi †kÖô bvU¨-wb‡`©kK| G‡nb gšÍ‡e¨ Avwg h‡_ó AbycÖvwYZ †eva K‡iwQjvg| ¯§Z©e¨ †h, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Avgvi Rb¥w`‡b cwVZ Zuvi e³‡e¨ Rvwb‡q‡Qb †h, ÔAvgvi †Zv GKwU K_vB Av‡Q †mB Ôcv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvqÕ-Gi mgq †_‡K, IB bvU‡Ki Qvcv eB‡q f‚wgKvq wj‡LwQI †m K_vwU †h, bvU¨-wb‡`©k‡Ki ¯^vaxbZv iB‡jv Zuvi Kíbv cÖ‡qvM Kievi| AvZvDi †mB ¯^vaxbZv MÖnY K‡i‡Qb Zuvi Kíbv-cÖwZfvq Ges KL‡bvB Zv †¯^”QvPvwiZvi ch©v‡q hvqwb| Avgvi cÖwZwU bvUKB Zuvi wb‡`©kbvq g‡b n‡q‡Q, †hb Avwg Avi wZwb `yR‡b wg‡j mgvb Askx n‡q D‡VwQ m„R‡b|Õ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zuvi cÖ_g bvU¨ iPbv‡ZB Rq K‡i wb‡jb cvVK I `k©K ü`q| bvUKwUi bvg cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq| Avwg g‡b Kwi, m„Rb¸‡Y GB bvUKwU we‡k¦i †miv bvUK¸‡jvi Ab¨Zg wn‡m‡e MY¨ n‡Z cv‡i| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq bvUK‡K A‡b‡K AwZ mijxKiY K‡i †Kej gyw³hy‡×i bvUK wn‡m‡e msÁvwqZ K‡ib| 1971 mv‡ji gyw³hy‡×i †cÖ¶vc‡U bvUKwU wbtm‡›`‡n iwPZ Ges bvUKwUi NUbv gyw³hyׇK †K›`ª K‡i cÖevwnZ| GB bvU‡K Rxe‡bi †gŠj wRÁvmv¸‡jv cÖw_Z n‡q‡Q Abb¨ KzkjZvq| iƒcvj¼vi I Dcgv e¨env‡iI †h ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wm×n¯Í, Zv bvUK cv‡VB †evSv hvq| AvÂwjK fvlvi h_v_© e¨env‡i †h bvU¨Kvi cvi½g Zv cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq bvU‡Ki mgMÖ kixi Ry‡o Qwo‡q-wQwU‡q Av‡Q| RbZv gvZei mv‡n‡ei Dcw¯’wZ Pvq, †mUvB Zviv bvU‡Ki Ab¨Zg PwiÎ cxi mv‡ne‡K Rvbv‡Z Pvq| Dˇi cxi mv‡ne e‡jb Ñ cxi : Avm‡e Avm‡e †m, bv AvBmv wK cv‡i? S‡oi Lei Av‡M cvq eoMv‡Qi Wvj, ev‡bi Lei Av‡M cvq hgybvi †evqvj, Livi Lei cqjv Rv‡b wQjv-kKz‡bi evc, Avi Rv‡ii Lei cqjv Rv‡b AvR`vnv mvc, †m bv AvBmv wK cv‡i? Ggb Mfxi I A_©en Dcgvi mv¶vr Avgiv Kg mvwnZ¨-m„wó‡Z cvB| cx‡ii Av‡iKwU msjv‡c Avgv‡`i hvwcZ Rxe‡b cÖwZwbqZ N‡U hvIqv Aciv‡ai GKwU MÖnY‡hvM¨ wPÎ cvIqv hvq| cxi : nvwej I Kvwej wQj `yB fvB, Z_vwc nvwej wb‡Ri Avcb fvB †mB †h Kvwej Zvi Rvb wbqvwQj, `ywbqvi

ci_g Lyb| Zvici †mB cvc Kx fv‡e †m K‡i ¸g GB W‡i jvk Kv‡Ü wbqv mg¯Í `ywbqv nvwej †`Šovq| Ggb RvqMv bvB mviv `ywbqvq †h cjvq Ñ †Kv_vI cjvq| GB bvU‡K wek¦wbqšÍv m¤ú‡K© Avgiv GKwU †gŠwjK cÖ‡kœi gy‡LvgywL `uvovB| GB bvU‡Ki Ab¨Zg cÖavb PwiÎ Ô†g‡qÕi K‡É Avgiv wb‡gœv³ msjvc ïwb| cxi : Lei`vi, †ewU Lei`vi, / Zuvi fvlv A‡_© bq Cgv‡bB nq cwi®‹vi| †g‡q : evev, ZvB hw` nq, Z‡e AšÍ‡i Avgvi/ Kv‡iv †P‡q wKQz Kg Cgvb wQj bv| cwi®‹vi/ Zey K¨vb wKQzB eywS bv? AvjøvZvjvi/ bvg hw` `qvgq/ hw` wZwb mZ¨B cv‡ib w`‡Z ev›`v‡i wbf©q/ hw` mZ¨B mKj kw³ ZuviB nv‡Z nq/ hw` mZ¨B mKj wel ZuviB bvg ¶q/ Z‡e, †Kv_vq †m `qvgq AvwQ‡jb, †Kv_vq, †Kv_vq? Ñ /†Kv_vq wbf©q`vZv AvwQ‡jb, †Kv_vq, †Kv_vq? Ñ / hLb Avgvi N‡i Kvjmvc DBVv AvmwQj/ hLb Avgvi †`‡n Kvjmvc Rovqv aiwQj/ hLb Avgvi ey‡K Kvjmvc `skvBqvwQj/ e‡jb, Reve †`b, †Kv_vq, †Kv_vq?/ †e‡n‡¯Íi †Kvb evwMPvq/ e‡jb _vK‡j ci ev›`vi Kv›`b Zvi Kv‡b bv ckvq? Gfv‡e cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq cvVK I `k©K‡K wb‡q hvq Rxeb-`k©‡bi gg©g~‡j| GB bvUKwU mvwnZ¨ m„wó Ges gÂvq‡bi †MŠi‡e `xN©Rxex n‡e, Ggb Avkv Avwg wbwØ©avq e¨³ KiwQ| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Cl©v wk‡ivbv‡g GKwU wbix¶vg~jK Kve¨bvUK iPbv K‡i‡Qb, †h-bvUKwU `xN© mvZwU Kve¨msjv‡c mgvß| bvU‡K PwiÎ wZbwU Ñ †cÖŠp, hyeZx Ges hyeK| GB wZbwU PwiÎB D”PviY K‡i mvZwU `xN© msjvc, cÖwZwU msjv‡ci ¯’vwqZ¡ M‡o cÖvq 20 wgwb‡Ui g‡Zv| bvU‡Ki wZbwU PwiÎB wPÎKi Ñ Ô†cÖŠpÕ Pwi‡Îi K‡É Avgiv wZbwU msjvc ïb‡Z cvB Ges ÔhyeKÕ Ges ÔhyeZxÕ cÖ‡Z¨‡K D”PviY K‡i `ywU K‡i msjvc| Avgvi wb‡`©kK Rxe‡bi Ab¨Zg cÖavb P¨v‡jÄ wQj Cl©v bvU‡Ki gÂvqb| hLb evsjv‡`‡ki bvU‡Ki gvby‡liv ejvewj KiwQj, GB bvUKwU †Kej kÖæwZ bvUK wn‡m‡e Dc¯’vwcZ n‡Z cv‡i, Avwg ZLb GB bvUKwU wbqwgZfv‡e gÂvq‡b cÖ‡Yvw`Z nB Ges GB bvU‡Ki gÂvqb Avgvi bvU¨-wb‡`©kK Rxe‡b eo ai‡bi mvdj¨ wb‡q Av‡m| evsjv w_‡qUv‡ii cÖev`cyiæl k¤¢y wgÎ KjKvZvi GKv‡Wwg Ae dvBb AvU©m g‡Â bvUKwUi Awfbq †`‡L gy» n‡qwQ‡jb| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki †jLv †_‡K k¤¢y wg‡Îi AwfÁZvi D×…wZ w`w”Q Ñ Ôk¤¢y wgÎ Acvi wbweó n‡q †`L‡jb I Awfbq †k‡l Avgv‡K ej‡jb, G GK Amvgvb¨ AwfÁZv Zuvi R‡b¨; AvZvD‡ii wb‡`©kbv Ñ we‡kl K‡i Av‡jvi KvR cÖm‡½ ej‡jb, Bs‡iRx‡ZB Ñ `¨vU IqvR G †÷ªvK Ae Av wRwbqvm| Avi Avgvi †jLvi e¨vcv‡i k¤¢y wgÎ hv ej‡jb, Zv wbRgy‡L web‡qi m‡½ D×…Z KiwQ Ñ ej‡jb, Avcbvi bvUK †`‡L g‡b n‡q‡Q Avcwb iex›`ªbv‡_i g‡Zv K_v¸‡jv gv_vi †fZ‡i ï‡b D‡V‡Qb, Avi bvU‡Ki fvebv-†Rvo¸‡jv g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡q‡Q †k·cxqvi‡K, Avwg †Zv we¯§‡q nZevK| c„w_exi Agb †kªô `yRb bvU¨Kv‡ii m‡½ GKB ev‡K¨ Avgvi bvg!Õ Avwg GB bvU‡Ki wb‡`©kK wn‡m‡e g‡b Kwi Cl©vi g‡Zv Ggb Kve¨gq Ges †cÖwgK-†cÖwgKvi g‡bvRM‡Zi cÖwZwew¤^Z Ges cÖwZ¯§wiZ iƒc wb‡q Ggb bvUK c„w_ex‡Z Avi wØZxqwU †jLv nqwb| †evSv hvq ˆmq` nK wecyj cwikÖg K‡i‡Qb Cl©v bvU‡Ki cÖwZwU Pqb

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m„wó Ki‡Z Ges kã I ev‡K¨i AšÍM©Z iƒc cÖKv‡ki cÖqv‡m, hv mvwnZ¨ mvabviB bvgvšÍi| GKwU Abb¨ Dcgvi D×…wZ w`w”Q Cl©v bvUK †_‡K| wkívPvh© Rqbyj Av‡ew`‡bi AwšÍg †ivMkh¨vq Dwb ej‡Qb Ñ ÔZv‡i Avwg Avevi AuvKZvg, Avevi cvB‡j Zv‡i weqv KiZvg Ñ e‡jB G cvk wdi‡jb/ †Pv‡Lgy‡L K‡ói nvZ †_‡K †K‡o Avbv Avðh© nvwm wb‡q, †hb Nb ev›U© wm‡qbvi †fZi †_‡K we”QywiZ †jgb B‡qv‡jv| G Ab¨ Rqbyj, `ywf©‡¶i Rqbyj bq, ¸YUvbv gvwSi Rqbyj bq, bq gbcyivi R‡jv”Q¡v‡mi `xN© GK c‡Ui Rqbyj; e¨w³MZ, AšÍM©Z, GKv Rqbyj, bxj AvKv‡ki wb‡P/ meyR av‡bi †¶‡Z jvj kvwociv bvixwUi wbR¯^ Rqbyj|Õ Rqby‡ji cÖm½ †U‡b ˆmq` nK Avgv‡`i Rvbv‡”Qb Ñ Ô†kl kh¨vq bxie iex›`ªbv_, e¨vKzj, `y‡Pv‡L/ ïay Kv‡K †hb LyuR‡Zb, †KD †KD GLbI e‡j‡Q, g„`y¯^‡i †kvbv †M‡Q, Ô†eŠVvbÕ e‡j Zuvi D”PviY| Ñ †eŠVvb? gvbyl †h Kx fv‡e KLb wK‡m Kvi Kv‡Q euvav c‡o hvq Ñ †KD Rv‡b?Õ ˆmq` nK GKRb g‡bvweÁvbxi g‡Zv eo mZ¨ K_v Avgv‡`i‡K Rvbv‡”Qb †h, g„Zz¨Kv‡j Ávb _vK‡j `~i AZxZ ¯§„wZ‡Z wd‡i Av‡m| GB bvU‡Ki Avðh© F× msjvc e‡j †kl Kiv hv‡e bv Ñ Ô†Kvb †Kvb b`x gvbwPÎ †_‡K gy‡Q hvq, ïay ¯^‡cœB †_‡K hvq, e‡n hvq Ñ cyivZb eªþcyÎ †hgb GLb|Õ Kx Ac~e© `¶Zvq ewY©Z n‡q‡Q gvby‡li ¯§„wZKvZiZv| bvU‡Ki †cÖŠp PwiÎ bvU‡Ki hyeZx‡K ej‡Q Ñ Ôfv‡jv n‡Zv hw` wU‡ci iOwU n‡Zv †µvg B‡qv‡jv, Zzwg wK Rvb †h cÖwZ KYv †µvg B‡qv‡jv Mf©eZx MÖxb w`‡q? GK Rxe‡bi

30

e¨eav‡b we‡kl G B‡q‡jvwU n‡q hvq MÖxb?Õ njy` I meyR i‡Oi Ave‡Z© bvU¨Kvi kÖxgwÐZ K‡i eywS‡q‡Qb Rxe‡bi Awbt‡kl hvÎvc_‡K| Gfv‡e mgMÖ bvUKRy‡o Av‡Q Abv¯^vw`Z iƒcKí, wPÎKí I Dcgvi mgvnvi, hv bvU¨-msjvc‡K w`‡q‡Q AfvweZ Abb¨Zv| Avwg wek¦vm Kwi Cl©v bvUKwU gÂvq‡bi R‡b¨ Avi KL‡bv †cQb wd‡i ZvKv‡Z n‡e bv| GB bvUK `k©K I cvV‡Ki ü`q Rq Ki‡e wbðq| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki GLv‡b GLb Kve¨bvUK cÖ‡hvRbv-cywói Afv‡e `k©K‡`i cÖvq ARvbvB i‡q †M‡Q| GB bvU‡Ki GKwU Ac~e© msjv‡ci Askwe‡kl †kvbv hvK Ñ Ôgvbyl‡K gvby‡li gyL wPb‡Z n‡j/ Ab¨ †Kvb Av‡jv‡Ki `iKvi nq/ gvbyl‡K gvby‡liB ¯^i ïb‡Z n‡j/ †Kv‡bv GK cÖj‡qi `iKvi nq|Õ GB bvUKwU AbvMZ Kv‡ji bvU¨Rxex‡`i R‡b¨ †Zvjv iBj| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK DBwjqvg †kK&mwcq‡ii Rywjqvm wmRvi Øviv AbycÖvwYZ n‡q Av‡iKwU Kve¨bvUK iPbv K‡i‡Qb Ges bvg w`‡q‡Qb MYbvqK| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK GB bvU‡Ki NUbv¯’j wn‡m‡e †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb evsjv‡`k‡K| Dwb Avgv‡`i Rvbv‡”Qb Ñ ÔAvgvi fvlvq Avgvi cvVK Ges `k©K‡K NUbvi AšÍwb©wnZ m‡Z¨i msev` †`evi R‡b¨B e½‡`kxq cUf‚wg Avgv‡K e¨envi Ki‡Z nq; M~p †Kv‡bv ivR‰bwZK D‡Ï‡k¨ bq|Õ bvU¨Kvi Rywjqvm wmRvi bvU‡Ki gvK©vm eªæUvm Ges gvK©vm G›Uvwbqv‡mi bvg w`‡q‡Qb h_vµ‡g ûgvqyb Ges iwk`| GB bvU‡K ˆmq` nK †kK&mwcq‡ii bvU¨fvlvi mgK¶ ÷vB‡j Ac~e© my›`i msjvc


iPbv K‡i‡Qb| ivóªcwZ †kK&mwcq‡ii bvU‡Ki mgvšÍivj PwiÎ Rywjqvm wmRvi wbnZ nIqvi c‡i bvU¨Kvi Ab¨Zg cÖavb PwiÎ ûgvqyb Ñ Zuvi e³…Zvi †kl As‡k ej‡Qb Ñ Ôfvjevmvq AkÖæ, KxwZ©‡Z Djøvm, msMÖv‡g †MŠie, Avi D”PvKv•ÿvi g„Zz¨|Õ 1971 mv‡ji cuwP‡k gv‡P©i fqven †mB iv‡Zi eY©bv w`‡q bvU‡Ki Ab¨Zg PwiÎ mvbvDjøvn GKwU msjv‡ci †kl As‡k ej‡Qb Ñ ÔcÖK…wZ gvby‡liB GKvšÍ AvZ¥xq| Avb‡›` Sjgj K‡i, †kv‡K µ›`b K‡i, we‡¶v‡f MR©b K‡i, †hgb GLb|Õ GB bvUKwU eZ©gvb †jL‡Ki wb‡`©kbvq †ek K‡qK eQi Av‡M ÔPµevKÕ bvU¨`j gÂvqb K‡iwQj| Avkv Kwi, fwel¨‡Z †`‡ki wewfbœ bvU¨`j GB ivR‰bwZK fveavivi bvUKwU gÂvq‡b AvMÖnx n‡e| b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki GKwU AwZcwiwPZ Kve¨bvUK, ejv hvq, GwU GKwU M„nevÜe bvg| Avjx hv‡Ki-wb‡`©wkZ bvMwiK bvU¨ m¤úÖ`vq cÖ‡hvwRZ b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb †`k-we‡`‡k wecyjfv‡e cÖkswmZ n‡qwQj| GB Kve¨bvU‡K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK cÖavbZ iscy‡ii AvÂwjK fvlv msjvc wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| weªwUk mv‡ne‡`i msjvc wn‡m‡e ˆmq` kvgmyj nK e¨envi K‡i‡Qb cwiï× evsjv fvlv| wZwb kPxb †mb¸‡ßi wmivR‡ÏŠjv ev ZrKvjxb Ab¨vb¨ HwZnvwmK bvU‡K e¨eüZ weªwUk Pwi‡Îi msjvc iPbvq ÔnvwgÕ, ÔUzwgÕ BZ¨vw` cwinvi K‡i‡Qb| GB bvUK †_‡K iscy‡ii ZrKvjxb weªwUk Kv‡jKU‡ii GKwU msjv‡ci D×…wZ †`Iqv †Mj Ñ ÔZvB‡Zv ZvB‡Zv e‡U| fz‡jB wM‡qwQ| Avcbvi cZœxi AvwZ_¨, Sjmv‡bv e„lgvsm, †jvwnZ †Kvnj, ¯^‡`‡k bv e½‡`‡k AvwQ †Kv‡bv †Lqvj wQj bv|Õ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK GB bvUK m¤ú‡K© hv wb‡e`b K‡i‡Qb Zvi wKQz Ask wb‡gœ D×…Z n‡jv Ñ GB Kve¨bvU¨wU wj‡L †djvi ci Avgvi Avkv GB †h, GB gvwU‡Z Rb¥ wb‡qwQ‡jb Ggb †hme MYbvqK‡K Avgiv fz‡j wM‡qwQ Zv‡`i Avevi Avgiv m¤§y‡L †`Le Ges Rvbe †h Avgv‡`i MYAv‡›`vj‡bi BwZnvm `xN©w`‡bi I A‡bK eo gwngvi Ñ mevi Ic‡i, Dwbk‡kv GKvˇii msMÖvg †Kv‡bv wew”Qbœ NUbv bq| BwZnvm †_‡K Avwg †c‡qwQ b~ij`xb, `qvkxj I ¸Wj¨vW‡K; Kíbvq Avwg wbg©vY K‡i wb‡qwQ AveŸvm, Avw¤^qv, wjm‡e_, Ugmb I gwim‡K| b~ij`x‡bi AvZ¥v I †cÖiYv Avwg BwZnv‡mi †fZi †_‡K msMÖn K‡iwQ, Zuvi e¨w³MZ Rxeb I gvbwmK msKU Avwg m¤¢eciZvi †¶Î †_‡K Avwe®‹vi K‡i wb‡qwQ| m~Îaviiƒcx e‡iY¨ Awf‡bZv Avmv`y¾vgvb b~‡ii K‡É D”PvwiZ GB bvU‡Ki cÖ¯Ívebv AvR N‡i-N‡i cwiwPZ| cÖ¯Ívebvi wKQz Ask wb‡gœ D×…Z n‡jv Ñ b~ij`x‡bi K_v g‡b c‡o hvq hLb AvgviB †`‡k G Avgvi †`n †_‡K i³ S‡i hvq BwZnv‡m, cÖwZwU c„ôvq| Avmyb, Avmyb Z‡e, AvR GB cÖk¯Í cÖvšÍ‡i; hLb ¯§„wZi `ya †R¨vrmœvi mv‡_ S‡i c‡o, ZLb †K _v‡K Ny‡g? †K _v‡K †fZ‡i? †K GKv wbtm½ e‡m AkÖæcvZ K‡i? mg¯Í b`xi AkÖæ Ae‡k‡l eªþcy‡Î †g‡k| b~ij`x‡biI K_v †hb mviv †`‡k cvnvox X‡ji g‡Zv †b‡g G‡m mg¯Í fvmvq, AfvMv gvbyl †hb †R‡M I‡V Avevi G Avkvq †h, Avevi b~ij`xb GKw`b Avwm‡e evsjvq, Avevi b~ij`xb GKw`b Kvj c~wY©gvq

w`‡e WvK, ÔRv‡Mv, ev‡n, †Kvb‡V mevq?Õ Avwg `„p cÖZ¨‡q e¨³ Ki‡Z PvB †h, evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³Kvgx gvby‡li Kv‡Q GB bvU‡Ki RbwcÖqZv †Kv‡bvw`bB n«vm cv‡e bv| DBwjqvg †kK&mwcq‡ii wZbwU Kve¨bvUK, h_v Ñ g¨vK‡e_, †U‡¤ú÷ Ges Îqjvm I †µwm`v Abyev‡`i †¶‡Î ˆmq` kvgmyj nK GKwU `„óvšÍ ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi Abyev‡`i Zzj¨ †kK&mwcq‡ii bvU‡Ki Abyev` we‡k¦i Abyev`-mvwn‡Z¨ Avwg weij e‡j g‡b Kwi| ˆmq` n‡Ki we‡kl K…wZZ¡ n‡jv †h, cvðv‡Z¨i Bs‡iwR fvlv I evK¨jMœ I k‡ãi †`¨vZbv‡K cÖv‡P¨i fvlv‡Z Abb¨ KzkjZvq iƒcvšÍwiZ K‡i‡Qb| g¨vK‡e_ bvU‡Ki WvwKwb‡`i cuvPwU Bs‡iwR msjv‡ci ˆmq` nK-K…Z evsjv Abyev` †kvbv hvK| 1 Witch : Thrice the brinded cat hath mew’d. 2 Witch : Thrice and once the hedge-pig whin’d. 3 Witch : Harpier cries; ‘tis time’, tis time. 1 Witch : Round about the cauldron go; In the poison’d entrails throw. Toad that under cold stone Days and nights has thirty-one Swelt’red venom sleeping got Boil thou first i’ th’ charmed pot. All : Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.

Abyw`Z msjvc Ñ 1g WvwKwb : †WvivKvUv gvR©vi wgD wgD wZbevi| 2q WvwKwb : ï‡qv‡ii †Nuvr †Nuvr wZbevi GKevi| 3q WvwKwb : ÔGB †ejvÕ, ÔGB †ejvÕ, cu¨vPvUvi wPrKvi| 1g WvwKwb : NyiNyi Pvi avi cvK w`B KovUvi; Kovq Qzwi Kovq Qzwi Ñ we‡li we‡l bvwofuywo, gÐyKwU Ny‡gi †Nv‡i VvÛv wk‡ji Zjvq c‡o w`em iv‡Z GKw·k cy‡iv gv‡mi Nv‡gi we‡l MZiwU Zvi †M‡Q †e‡o; Av‡MB †mUv †m× Kovq †`Õ †i| mK‡j : jvM †`wL jvM wظY wظY; UMeM Kov, MbMb Av¸b| Avwg g‡b-cÖv‡Y wek¦vm Kwi †h, ˆmq` n‡Ki mgMÖ mvwnZ¨ wbg©v‡Yi g‡a¨ Zuvi bvU¨-mvwnZ¨ AwZ-D¾¡j Ask AwaKvi K‡i Av‡Q Ges wZwb evsjv fvlvi GKRb Abb¨ Ges AMÖMY¨ bvU¨Kvi wn‡m‡e AbvMZ Kvj a‡i we‡ewPZ n‡eb| welqe¯‘i MfxiZv I we¯Ív‡i Ges cvkvcvwk bvU¨fvlv wbg©v‡Y ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zuvi mgmvgwqK bvU¨Kvi‡`i g‡a¨ †kÖô, GB AwfgZ Avwg e¨³ KiwQ wbwØ©avq| Avwg †h‡nZz bvU¨e„‡Ëi gvbyl, ZvB Zuvi bvU¨-m„R‡bi K_vB D‡jøL Kijvg| wZwb mvwn‡Z¨i mKj kvLvq AbvMZ Kvj a‡i ¯^gwngvq engvb _vK‡eb, Zuvi AvwkZg Rb¥w`‡b GB Avgvi GKvšÍ Kvgbv| r (ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki AkxwZZg Rb¥w`b Dcj‡ÿ †jLv)

31


Dcgvi ivRv ˆmq` kvgmyj nK

m

†di‡`Šmx gRyg`vi

e©kvLvq cvi½g me¨mvPx †jLK ˆmq` kvgmyj nK GLb †KejB GK Qwe| MZ 27 †m‡Þ¤^i †_‡K wZwb Avi †bB Ñ Ab¨ GK ARvbv RM‡Z wZwb Avgv‡`i †Q‡o P‡j †M‡Qb| Avðh© G-c„w_exi wbqg| ZLb †_‡KB wZwb Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q wb®úÖvY GK Qwe| Qwe n‡Z †Zv mgq jv‡M bv| fve‡jB Avwg welYœ n‡q hvB, wZwb Avi KL‡bv wjL‡eb bv, bZzb KweZv iPbv Ki‡eb bv, bZzb bvUK m„wó Ki‡eb bv| Avm‡j †K KLb Qwe n‡q hv‡e †m GK IciIqvjvB Rv‡bb| Z‡e Qwe n‡jI wKQy wKQy Qwe †Kej QweB _v‡K bv| Zvi Kg©, Zvi m„wó, Zvi m„RbkxjZv QwewU‡K g~Z© K‡i †Zv‡j Ñ Qwe †hb K_v K‡q I‡V Ñ †hb RxešÍ n‡q hvq| nK mv‡neI †Zgwb GK e¨w³Z¡| GZ ¯úó D”Pvi‡Y ¯úó K_v ej‡Zb nK mv‡ne! KZÿY ¸wQ‡q K_v ej‡jB g‡b n‡Zv, Iui K_vB †hb KweZv| Iui K_v ïb‡jB Avgvi g‡b n‡Zv Ñ GUvB †evanq M`¨KweZv| 32


Avgvi †mŠfvM¨, Avwg Zuvi weL¨vZ Kve¨bvU¨ cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq‡Z gyL¨ bvixPwiÎ gvZeŸ‡ii †g‡qi f‚wgKvq Awfbq K‡iwQ, †hUv GLb Avgvi †g‡q Îcv Ki‡Q| PwiÎUv eyS‡ZB Avgvi A‡bK mgq †j‡MwQj| Kx AmvaviY Dcgv : ÔnVvr AvQvo w`qv Avmgv‡b †`Lv w`j Pvb, GK dvwj K`yi jvnvb|Õ jvD‡qi dvwji g‡Zv Puv` n‡Z cv‡i GKgvÎ ZuviB Dcjwä| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hv‡qi gnovi mgq g‡b n‡qwQj Avwg †evanq †Kv‡bvw`bI G-Awfbq Ki‡Z cvie bv Ñ GKevi Qovi g‡Zv msjvc¸‡jv AvIovB, Avevi Q›` Qvov msjvc ej‡Z †M‡j †mUv G‡Kev‡i bxim n‡q †hZ| Ave`yjøvn Avj gvgyb, G-bvU‡Ki wb‡`©kK‡K Avgvi AcviMZvi K_vUv ejvi ciI wZwb †mUv Kv‡bB Zzj‡jb bv Ñ wZwb ej‡jb, ÔAvcbv‡K cvi‡ZB n‡eÕ| fvwM¨m e‡jwQ‡jb| msjvc hLb †VuvU¯’ n‡jv, ZLb †`Ljvg Ges eySjvg Ñ GUvB Kve¨bvU¨| eySjvg, M`¨ n‡jI Zvi g‡a¨ GKUv Q›`gqZv _vK‡Z nq| nK mv‡ne †Zv ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡bI Avgv‡`i m‡½ IBiKg Q›`gq fvlv‡ZB K_v ej‡Zb Ñ KL‡bv Zuvi K_vq Q›`cZb n‡Zv bv| Zuvi K_vi imv¯^v`b Ki‡Z n‡j Avgv‡`i †ek mZK© I m‡PZb _vK‡Z n‡Zv| Rxeb m¤ú‡K© Zuvi Ávb Ges Áv‡bi cwiwa wQj Acwimxg| †cvkvK-Avkv‡K mv‡nwe I wQgQvg wdUdvU n‡j Kx n‡e, g‡bcÖv‡Y Avcv`g¯ÍK wZwb evOvwj wQ‡jb| KzwoMÖv‡gi cÖK…wZ, KzwoMÖv‡gi MÖvg, ay-ay gvV, b`xi Pi, wPKwP‡K evjy, AvKv‡k wPj, ˆP‡Îi Luv-Luv `ycyi, Av‡gi †evj, Kzgvicvov GmeB Zuvi cv‡qi AvIqv‡R mvwn‡Z¨i AvKv‡i ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| cv‡qi AvIqv‡R GKUv MÖv‡gi Qwe Ac~e© Q›`gq fvlvq †`L‡Z cvB| fvlvi Ici KZLvwb `Lj _vK‡j Ggb †jLv hvq! evev AvjøvZvjvi bvg, Kjgv Kvjvg Avc‡bi Kv‡QB †kLv, AwZ †QvU‡ejv, g‡b Av‡Q, mKv‡j weKv‡j L¨v‡Zi wfZi w`qv evev Avc‡b †ivR `yB‡ejv Avm‡Zb Ñ Avgvi cyZzj †Ljv dvjvqv ZLb IRy wbqv, gv_v Kvco w`qv emZvg Avgcviv nv‡Z| fzj nB‡j ci nv‡Zi cvbLvi evwo coZ G wc‡Vi Dci| MÖvg¨evwjKvi, MÖvgevsjvi G-`„k¨Uv, nK mv‡n‡ei eY©bvq Ñ G‡Kev‡i RxešÍ n‡q D‡V‡Q Ñ Avwg hLb gvZeŸ‡ii †g‡qi msjvc ewj, ZLb wbtm‡›`‡n AvwgI †mB MÖv‡gi cwi‡e‡k, †mB wbixn MÖv‡gi evwjKv n‡qB †mB MÖvgxY cÖK…wZi m‡½ GKvKvi n‡q hvB| †h‡nZz Zuvi †gŠwjK bvUK cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq‡Z GKvZ¥ n‡q 100 w`‡biI Ic‡i Awfbq K‡iwQ, ZvB Avwg G-bvU‡Ki Av‡jv‡KB Zuv‡K g~j¨vqb KiwQ| Avwg †ewk Awff‚Z I Av‡eMZvwoZ nB, msjv‡c Zuvi Dcgvi e¨envi †`‡L| gvZeŸ‡ii †g‡q hLb e‡j, Avgvi Kx Av‡Q? M¨v‡Q myL h¨vb †KD wb‡q M¨v‡Q Mvfx‡bi ev‡U hZUzK `ya Av‡Q wbôzi †`vnb w`qv|

Dcgvi ivRv wZwb| GB GKUv msjv‡cB, †g‡qwUi eyK Lvwj Kiv AvZ©bv` †hb `k©K‡kÖvZvi g‡bI mg‡e`bv m„wó K‡i, †PvL‡K wm³ K‡i †`q| G-msjvc Ggb K‡i, Mfxifv‡e Dcjwä K‡i †jLv m¤¢e n‡q‡Q G-AmvaviY KwecÖwZfv ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki c‡ÿB| †evSv hvq, Zuvi MÖvgxY cwi‡e‡ki m‡½ AvwZ¥K †hvMv‡hvM wQj, †hgb wQj Mfxi Ges cÖZ¨ÿ ch©‡eÿY kw³| Avevi Kx my›`i K‡i Ô†`k iÿviÕ e¨vcv‡i gvZeŸi‡K w`‡q wZwb D”PviY Kwi‡q‡Qb Ñ MÖvgevmx‡K D‡Ïk K‡i gvZeŸi ej‡Qb, G †Zvgvi Ggb bv †h nvj w`qv Rwg Pvl Kiv A_ev LvjyB w`qv BPv gvQ aiv| †`k iÿv nBj cvwb bv bvovqv cvwbi Dc‡i wVK ivLv wbR Qvqv| Afvebxq! GLbKvi cÖRb¥ ÔBPv gvQÕ Kx, Avi ÔLvjyBÕ Kx Zv †evanq Rv‡bB bv| †`vl †bB Ñ KviY k㸇jvi m‡½ MÖvg, MÖvgevmx, MÖv‡gi cÖK…wZ, MÖv‡gi fvlv, MÖvgxY Rxeb A½vw½fv‡e RwoZ| Avgv‡`i cÖRb¥B †Zv fz‡j †h‡Z e‡m‡Q Ñ I‡`i Avi †`vl Kx? Z‡e Zuvi Abe`¨ mvwnZ¨ m„wó Gme Avgv‡`i fzj‡Z †`‡e bv| evievi Kvwnwbi cUf‚wg‡Z wdwi‡q wb‡q hv‡e| Zuvi e¨vcv‡i Avgvi gy»Zv †hb KvU‡ZB Pvq bv| GKUv †jv‡Ki g‡a¨ GZ cÖwZfv _vK‡Z cv‡i? Avwg wew¯§Z nB, KZLvwb GKwbô n‡j GKRb Ggb Abe`¨ mvwnZ¨ m„wó Ki‡Z cv‡ib| †mB K‡e †_‡K wZwb wj‡L P‡j‡Qb Ñ †h-Kvi‡Y hZw`b †M‡Q Zuvi Kj‡g wZwb ZZ †mvbv dwj‡q‡Qb| Zuvi iPbvq †hgb †ivgvw›UKZv Av‡Q, †Zgwb Av‡Q Av¸bSiv cÖwZev`| iƒcvšÍi I Abyev‡`I wZwb Zuvi cvi`wk©Zv †i‡L †M‡Qb| †kK&mwcq‡ii g¨vK‡e_, †U‡¤ú÷, meLv‡b Zuvi `ÿZv I fvlvÁvb cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q| †kK&mwcq‡ii fvlv †hgb mg„×, ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Abyev‡` evsjv fvlvUvI †Zgwb mg„× n‡q Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q aiv w`‡q‡Q Ñ †Kv_vI GZUzKz im ÿzYœ nqwb ev fvlvi Agh©v`v nqwb| †hgb myLcvV¨ n‡q‡Q, †Zgwb n‡q‡Q ivRKxq Abyev` ev iƒcvšÍi| Avgvi Avm‡j Zuvi P‡j hvIqvUv †g‡b wb‡ZB Kó nq, hw`I GUv wVK, wZwb cwiYZ eq‡m I GKwU cwic~Y© Kg©gq Rxeb KvwU‡q †M‡Qb| Zuvi †jLbx KL‡bv _v‡gwb| g„Zz¨i AvM ch©šÍ, nvmcvZv‡j ï‡qI wj‡L †M‡Qb wZwb| †mR‡b¨B Avgvi g‡b nq, G-ai‡bi weij cÖwZfv‡`i Agi n‡j Kx n‡Zv? wKš‘ Zv †Zv m¤¢e bq| GUv †Zv aªæe mZ¨, cÖ‡Z¨K gvby‡li G A‡gvN m‡Z¨i gy‡LvgywL n‡ZB n‡e, myZivs Avwg e¨w³MZfv‡e nK mv‡n‡ei Kv‡Q K…ZÁ †h, Zuvi iPbvq, Zuvi bvU‡K Avgvi ¯’vb n‡q‡Q Ges Rbbw›`ZI n‡qwQ| †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bvfv‡e Zuvi Avkxe©v‡` AvwgI cyó n‡qwQ| me¨mvPx †jLK ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zuvi mvwn‡Z¨, bvU‡K, M‡í, cÖe‡Ü, KweZvq G-RM‡Z Zuvi K‡g© Agi n‡q _vK‡eb| Avgiv c‡` c‡` Zuv‡K kÖ×vf‡i, Zuvi Dcgv, fvlv Ges Kvwnwbi ga¨ w`‡q Zuv‡K ¯§iY Kie| Avgiv Rvwb, G A‡gvN mZ¨ Gov‡bv hvq bv| ZviciI g‡b nq, wKQy wKQy †ÿ‡Î G-wZ‡ivavbUv bv n‡jI cviZ| Avgvi wek¦vm, Av‡iv wKQy mgq Zuv‡K Avgv‡`i gv‡S †c‡j wZwb Avgv‡`i Av‡iv A‡bK wKQy w`‡Z cvi‡Zb| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Dcgv Ges Zzjbv wZwb wb‡RB| Zuvi Rq †nvK| Zuvi kvwšÍ †nvK Ñ Kvqg‡bvev‡K¨ GB cÖv_©bvB Avwg Kwi| r

33


P‡j †M‡jb wkíx‡`i wn‰Zlx nKfvB

†`

iwdKzb bex

‡ki AvaywbK †jLv‡jwL RM‡Zi Af‚Zc~e© kw³ai Ges AvKl©Yxq e¨w³Z¡ me¨mvPx †jLK ˆmq` kvgmyj nK P‡j †M‡jb wPiZ‡i| Rxe‡b eûwea `yiv‡ivM¨ e¨vwai Ke‡j c‡oI evievi g„Zz¨Äqx n‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| wKš‘ Avwk-DËi eq‡m G‡m nvi gvb‡jb gviYe¨vwa K¨vÝv‡ii Kv‡Q| Z‡e cÖZ¨ÿ K‡iwQ, g„Zz¨-fvebv‡K cÖkÖq †`Iqv ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb K‡qK eQi Av‡M Zuvi me‡P‡q wcÖq Ges Nwbô eÜz wkíx KvBqyg †PŠayixi AK¯§vr g„Z¨z ‡K †K›`ª K‡i| g‡b Av‡Q, †`Lv n‡jB wZwb wkíx KvBqyg †PŠayixi P‡j hvIqv‡K ¯§iY Ki‡Zb, †e`bvq Av”Qbœ n‡Z n‡Z ej‡Zb Ñ ÔeyS‡j bex| GKv n‡q †Mjvg| evÜewenxb Øxcevmx †hb| GLb KvBqygI P‡j †Mj| mgq dzwi‡q Avm‡Q| Kv‡R Kv‡R †ejv †kl n‡q G‡m‡Q, Ñ eywSwb| wKš‘ †f‡e †`Ljvg eo KvRwU †evanq KivB n‡e bv|Õ

34


†Kvb eo KvRwU Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb Zv Rvbv nqwb| mvwnZ¨Kve¨-bvUK †_‡K ïiæ K‡i m„Rbkxj RM‡Zi me©Î Zuvi mdj c`PviYv wQj we¯§qKi| GgbwK wPÎKjvPP©vI Zv †_‡K ev` wQj bv| AZ¨šÍ AvaywbK cÖÁvevb ¯§vU© gvbyl| †mme Zuvi †jLbxi fvlv‡ZI cÖfvweZ wQj| mfv-mwgwZ‡Z ej‡ZbI fv‡jv| PgrKvi AvKl©Yxq evPbfw½ w`‡q `k©K-†kÖvZv‡K †eu‡a ivLvi Ac~e© ÿgZv wQj| mewKQy wgwj‡q wZwb wQ‡jb wekvj gnxiæn| f³iv Zuv‡K †mB Kvi‡Y Ôme¨mvPxÕ AvL¨v w`‡q kÖ×v Rvbv‡Z †fv‡jbwb| wb‡Ri wPÎKjv wb‡q D”Q¡vm cÖKvk Ki‡Zb| ej‡Zb, Ôevmvq G‡mv| Qwe †`Lv‡ev| †Kgb n‡”Q Ñ ej‡e| B‡”Q Av‡Q cÖ`k©bx Kivi|Õ Gme Lye †ewkw`‡bi K_v bq| MZ eQi`y‡qK Zuvi m‡½ †hvMv‡hvM e„w× †c‡q wM‡qwQj e½eÜzi Rxebx wb‡q †QvU‡`i Rb¨ †jLv GKwU eB‡qi myev‡`| wkï GKv‡Wwg‡K Kovi K‡i w`‡qwQ‡jb, †hb Avgv‡K w`‡qB cy‡iv eBwUi Qwe¸‡jv AuvKv‡bv nq| Zvi m‡½ wKQyw`b cici g‡b Kwi‡q †`Iqvi NUbv †Zv wQjB| †ek wKQyKvj eBc‡Îi Qwe AuvwK bv wPÎKjvq †ewk g‡bv‡hvMx n‡q covq| e¨vcviwU wZwb Rvb‡Zb| Zey Zuvi †jLv e‡j K_v| Lye Kg mg‡qi g‡a¨ Zv K‡i †`Iqvq Lywk n‡qwQ‡jb Lye| †Uwj‡dv‡b †Zv e‡UB, m‡½ GmGgGmI Ki‡Z †fv‡jbwb ab¨ev` Ges cÖksmv Rvbv‡Z| GB PgrKvi Af¨vmwU wQj Zuvi ¯^fv‡ei `viæY GKwU w`K| eB e¨vcv‡iB †h wZwb ïay Avgv‡K w`‡q AuvKv‡bvi K_v fve‡Zb, Zv bq| wPÎvjx‡Z _vKvi mgq †_‡K Zuvi M‡íi Bjv‡÷ªkb AuvKv ïiæ n‡qwQj Ges cieZx©Kv‡j wewfbœ cwÎKvq we‡kl K‡i mvßvwnK wewPÎvi C`msL¨v¸‡jv‡Z Zuvi Dcb¨vm ev M‡íi Rb¨ AuvKv AeavwiZ wQj| wZwb e‡jB w`‡Zb Avgv‡K w`‡q AuvKv‡bvi R‡b¨| ej‡Zb, Ôbex cvÐzwjwci cy‡ivUv c‡o Auv‡K| AZGe Zv‡K `vI| Pwiθwj I ey‡S Auv‡K|Õ K_v wVKB e‡U| Zuvi eû Mí-Dcb¨v‡mi AvwgB cÖ_g cvVK e‡j me mgq `vwe K‡i _vwK| wZwb wR‡Ám Ki‡Zb Ñ c‡owQ wKbv Ges †Kgb n‡q‡Q| Avwg AZ †ev×v bB, wKš‘ hv Dcjwä KiZvg, e‡j †djZvg| Z‡e Avb›` n‡Zv hLb Bjv‡÷ªk‡bi cÖksmv Ki‡Zb| Avm‡j Zuvi cÖksmv Kivi Af¨vmwU wPiKvjB aviY Ki‡Zb| wPÎKjvi †ÿ‡Î PviRb wkíxi eo f³ wQ‡jb| wkívPvh© Rqbyj Av‡ew`b, Kvgiæj nvmvb, mwdDÏxb Avn‡g` Ges KvBqyg †PŠayix‡K cQ‡›`i D”Pvm‡b AwawôZ K‡i g~j¨vqb Ki‡Zb| ïay ZvB bq, Zuv‡`i m¤^‡Ü ej‡Z wM‡q we‡k¦i †miv wkíx‡`i KvZv‡iB wkíx wn‡m‡e AvL¨vwqZ Ki‡Zb| Z‡e Nwbô eÜz wn‡m‡e wkíx Avwgbyj Bmjvg Ges gyZ©Rv ekxiI wQ‡jb Zuvi AwZwcÖq| AZGe wkíx‡`i Kv‡Q wZwb wQ‡jb AZ¨šÍ Kv‡Qi gvbyl| †mB w`KwU Av‡iv my`„p n‡Z †c‡iwQj Zuvi Kwbô åvZv ivBmyj nK‡K Ges Av‡iv c‡i k¨vwjKv‡K AvU© K‡j‡R fwZ©i ci| wPÎKjv wb‡q Av‡jvPbvq em‡j cÖvqkB ej‡Zb, ÔQwe †h †hgbB AuvKzK †`‡ki e¨vcviwU _vK‡j fv‡jv nq|Õ eySZvg huv‡`i Qwe Zuv‡K AvcøyZ KiZ A_©vr Rqbyj, Kvgiæj, mwdDÏxb Ges KvBqyg †PŠayix, GB KR‡bi cÖwZ †Kb we‡kl cÿcvwZZ¡ wQj| †Zv, wb‡Ri †jLv‡RvLvi cvkvcvwk Ab¨‡`i †jLv co‡Zb,

wek¦mvwn‡Z¨i LeivLei ivL‡Zb| †`‡ki †jLK‡`i †Kv‡bv †jLv fv‡jv jvM‡j AKc‡U cÖksmv Ki‡Zb| †mB ZvwjKvq Zuvi mnawg©Yx Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nKI ev` wQ‡jb bv| wKQyw`b Av‡M †e½j cvewj‡Kkb&‡mi GKwU cvÐzwjwc wZwb AuvKvi R‡b¨ cvwV‡q w`‡q e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔQwe¸wj Gu‡K w`I fvB bex| †Zvgvi Ici Avgvi `vwe †_‡K Aby‡ivawU KiwQ| †mB †h, g‡b Av‡Q wbðqB, Ñ 1963-†Z Zzwg Avgvi mnKgx© n‡qwQ‡j wPÎvjxc~e©‡`k-cvwK¯Ívb AeRvifvi cwÎKvq| Kx `viæY mgq wQj †mB w`b¸wj| g‡b Av‡Q?Õ `vwe Rvbv‡Z Gme ejvi cÖ‡qvRb nq‡Zv wQj bv| wKš‘ wZwb †h †mB mgqwU‡K ¯§iY Ki‡Qb B`vbxs Zv eyS‡Z †c‡iwQjvg Ges wb‡RI †ek b÷vjwRqvq Av”Qbœ n‡q c‡owQjvg| g‡b c‡o wM‡qwQj gnv¸jRvi Kiv `dZiwUi K_v| wf‡±vwiqv cv‡K©i Kv‡Q Aew¯’Z A¨v‡mvwm‡q‡UW †cÖ‡mi e„nr `vjv‡b wQj `dZiwU| wkíx wn‡m‡e bZzb PvKwi Avgvi| `dZ‡ii mevB †R¨ô| me©KwbôZvi Kvi‡Y KzÉv Ges f‡q Avoó Avwg e‡m _vKZvg wba©vwiZ ¯’v‡b| KÿwU‡Z em‡Zb wPÎvjx-m¤úv`K GmGg cvi‡fR, Kwe dRj kvnveywÏb, GwUGg Ave`yj nvB, jvqjv mvgv` Ges nKfvB| c~e©‡`‡ki w`KUvq em‡Zb elx©qvb m¤úv`K KvRx †gvnv¤§` Bw`ªm, gvIjv fvB Ges d‡qR Avng`| nKfvB‡qi †UwejwU _vKZ cÖwZw`bB AwZw_-cwi‡ewóZ| cÖvqkB Avm‡Zb Kwe kvgmyi ivngvb, nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb, Rwni ivqnvb, knx` Kv`ix, Lvb AvZvDi ingvb, Awf‡bZv †Mvjvg gy¯Ívdv, KvRx Lv‡jK, bvivqY PµeZx©mn wkímvwnZ¨-Pjw”PÎ A½‡bi eû gvbyl| †Rvi AvÇv n‡Zv Zuv‡`i| Kv‡ci ci Kvc Pv PjZ| K_v n‡Zv w`bKvj wb‡q, Pjw”PÎ, wkí-mvwnZ¨ wb‡q| KuvPzgvPz e‡m _vKv Avwg AevK we¯§‡q ZvwK‡q _vKZvg, Zuv‡`i Ô†jLv‡jwL-Pjw”PÎÕ BZ¨vw` wb‡q †h-K_v n‡Zv Zv ïbZvg| huvivB †hw`b Avm‡Zb, nKfvB cwiPq Kwi‡q w`‡Zb cÖksmvmn| †mB †_‡K wkí-mvwn‡Z¨i gvby‡li m‡½ Avgvi cwiwPwZ N‡U; Ges cieZx©Kv‡j cÖvq mevi NwbôZv cÖvwß N‡UwQj, hv Avgvi wb‡R‡K ˆZwi Kivi †ÿ‡Î AZ¨šÍ mnvqK n‡qwQj| Avwg ZvB Av‡Rv Me© K‡i ewj, nKfvB-B Avgvi †mB DcKviwUi cÖavb e¨w³Z¡| IB `dZiwU‡Z Zuv‡K cÖ_g †`L‡jI bvgwU †R‡bwQjvg ¯‹z‡ji †kl av‡c covi mgq| j²xevRv‡ii c_ w`‡q ¯‹z‡j †hZvg eÜz-evÜemn| GK eÜz GKw`b Kvq‡` AvRg K‡j‡R hvIqvi gy‡L Aew¯’Z GKwU GKZjv evwo †`wL‡q e‡jwQj ÔGB evwowU‡Z GKRb †jLK _v‡Kb| Zuvi bvg ˆmq` kvgmyj nK|Õ evev †nvwgIc¨vw_ Wv³vi| Avgvi †mB eÜz Zvi evevi myev‡` IB evwo‡Z Wv³v‡ii †P¤^v‡i K‡qKevi wM‡qwQj| †mB †_‡K Zvi IB RvbvRvwb| †Zv K‡qK eQi ci K‡j‡Ri Ici K¬v‡mi QvÎ hLb, ZLb LÐKvjxb IB PvKwi Ki‡Z wM‡q Zuvi cÖ_g †`Lv cvB Ges Rvb‡Z cvwi, j²xevRv‡ii †mB evwowUB Zuv‡`i| cieZx©Kv‡j AvU© K‡j‡Ri wkÿK e‡b †M‡j cwÎKvi PvKwi Qvo‡Z nq| wKš‘ †hvMv‡hvM Av‡iv †e‡o hvq Ab¨vb¨ Kvi‡Y| Avwe®‹vi Kwi, AvU© K‡j‡Ri wkÿK cÖvq mevB Zuvi Nwbô eÜz| †R¨ô wkíxiv A_©vr Aa¨ÿ wkíx Rqbyj Av‡ew`b, Kvgiæj nvmvb, Av‡bvqviæj nK, mwdDÏxb Avn‡g`, †gvnv¤§` wKewiqv cÖgyL Zuvi cwiwPZ Ges wZwb Zuv‡`i †mœnfvRb| AvU© K‡j‡R cÖvqkB Av‡mb Zuv‡`i Kv‡Q| we‡kl K‡i wkíx KvBqyg †PŠayixi Kv‡Q| ga¨ lv‡Ui `k‡KB wZwb cÖPÐ L¨vwZgvb| eB-cy¯ÍK Avi

35


mvwnZ¨-Kve¨bvUK †_‡K ïiæ K‡i m„Rbkxj RM‡Zi me©Î Zuvi mdj c`PviYv wQj we¯§qKi| GgbwK wPÎKjvPP©vI Zv †_‡K ev` wQj bv| AZ¨šÍ AvaywbK cÖÁvevb ¯§vU© gvbyl| †mme Zuvi †jLbxi fvlv‡ZI cÖfvweZ wQj| 36

cÎ-cwÎKvi A½‡b AZ¨šÍ RbwcÖq| cvVK‡`i Kv‡QI ZvB| GKB m‡½ wm‡bgvRM‡Zi gvbyl‡`iI Kv‡Qi gvbyl wZwb| cieZx©Kv‡j wm‡bgvi cwiPvjKI n‡qwQ‡jb| †`LZvg igbv cv‡K©i iv¯Ívq Ng©v³ n‡q ïwUs Ki‡Qb| QwewU wQj †kK&mwcq‡ii K‡gwW Ae Giim Aej¤^‡b D`y©‡Z| GQvov eû Qwei w¯ŒÞ, Mvb BZ¨vw`I wjL‡Zb| wew¯§Z nZvg †`‡L †h, ïay †jLv‡jwLi R‡b¨ cvVK‡`i Kv‡Q RbwcÖq †hgb, †Zgwb wm‡bgvi RM‡ZI| lv‡Ui `k‡KB ÿq‡iv‡Mi wkKvi n‡jb| mevi Aby‡gq wQj ZLb †h, AwZKv‡Ri Pv‡cB †mB †iv‡Mi Ke‡j c‡owQ‡jb| Z‡e Avb‡›`i welq †h, GKmgq my¯’ n‡jb| †ivMgyw³i ci we‡q Ki‡jb| wKQyKvj ci we‡j‡Z †M‡jb| wewewm‡Z Kg©iZ n‡jb| †mLv‡b Lei-cvVK, fvl¨Kvi, cÖwZ‡e`K, bvU‡Ki Abyev`K Ges cwiPvj‡Ki `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| 1971-G evOvwj RvwZi HwZnvwmK w`b 16 wW‡m¤^‡ii weRq‡K ¯^vMZ Rvwb‡q wZwb ¸iæZ¡evnx msev`wU cvV K‡iwQ‡jb| evsjv‡`k ¯^vaxb nIqvi ci GKmgq †`‡k wdi‡jb| †Uwjwfk‡b cÖ_‡g msev` cvV Ges c‡i mÂvjK wn‡m‡e RbwcÖqZv †c‡jb| Avevi †jLv‡jwL‡Z D`¨gx n‡jb| hy³ n‡jb

bvUK †jLvqI| B‡Zvg‡a¨ KweZv Ges MíDcb¨vm wbqwgZ cÖKvwkZ nIqvq RbwcÖqZv ZLb Zz‡½| GZkZ w`‡Ki mdjZvi Kvi‡Y mvs¯‹…wZK RM‡Zi gvbyliv Zuv‡K cig kÖ×vq Ôme¨mvPxÕ AvL¨v †hgb w`‡jb, †Zgwb miKv‡ii cÿ †_‡K ivóªxq c`‡KI f‚wlZ n‡q‡Qb| mewKQy wgwj‡q wZwb RxeÏkv‡ZB ÔwKse`wšÍÕ| wKš‘ G wb‡q KL‡bv Me© Ki‡Z †`wLwb| mfv-mwgwZ‡Z WvK‡jB wZwb Dcw¯’Z n‡Zb| PgrKvi e³e¨ w`‡q †kÖvZv‡`i gy» Ki‡Zb| g‡b Av‡Q, GB †Zv MZ eQi Zuvi Avwk eQi D`&hvwcZ n‡jv| G-Dcj‡ÿ fvwe L¨vwZgvb †jLK Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK ¯§viKMÖ‡š’i R‡b¨ cÖ”Q` AuvwK‡q wb‡jb nKfvB‡qi civg‡k©| GKUv ¯§„wZPviYg~jK †jLvI wjL‡Z n‡qwQj MÖš’wUi R‡b¨| Avbw›`Z Abyôvbvw`‡Z GB wKse`wšÍZzj¨ bw›`Z me¨mvPx †jLK‡K Awfb›`b Rvwb‡q‡Qb Zuvi f³iv| wKš‘ †K RvbZ †h, KwVb cÖvYNvZx GK †ivM Zuv‡K wPiZ‡i mevi KvQ †_‡K wQwb‡q †b‡e| wZwb †`‡ki m„Rbkxj RM‡Z Zuvi AvmbwU k~b¨ K‡i P‡j †M‡jb Ab¨‡jv‡K Ñ mevB‡K gg©vnZ K‡i| Zuvi AvZ¥vi kvwšÍ Kvgbv KiwQ| r


K‡ivwU‡Z msmvi

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gvgybyi ikx`

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†cuŠ‡Q hvIqv kãvewj Kxfv‡e mgv`i cv‡e Zv G‡Kev‡iB AwbwðZ| cvVK‡K †mB AwbwðZ †jvKvj‡q cvwV‡q †jL‡Ki cÖZxÿv Kivi Dcvq †bB| Avevi bZzb †jLv| w`‡bi ci w`b †jLK‡K wjL‡Z nq Kjg‡clv gRy‡ii g‡Zv| gRyi Ñ Avevi eoB fvebvmg„× gRyi| K‡ivwUi †fZi G‡Ki ci GK fvebv¸wj Rgv n‡Z _v‡K| Zvici ürKjg wb‡q e‡mb †jLK, ü`‡q i‡Oi †Quvqv jv‡M| †mI GK Avb›`gq A‡jŠwKK gynZ ~ |© mwZ¨Kvi A‡_© GB A‡jŠwKK Avb‡›`i mÜvb huviv †c‡q‡Qb ZuvivB wbtkãPvix n‡Z †c‡i‡Qb| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †mB wbtk‡ã wbmM© iPbv K‡i †M‡Qb mvivRxeb| R‡jk¦ix †_‡K BD‡ivc Ñ me RvqMvq Zuvi GB ågYMv_v| ågYKvwnwb bq, K‡ivwU‡Z R‡g _vKv ARmª Pwi‡Îi m‡½ cwiPq| Avi ZvB-B DrmvwiZ n‡q‡Q Zuvi M‡`¨, Kv‡e¨, Dcb¨v‡m| wbtkã GB hvÎvc‡_ Av‡iK c„w_exgq msmvi M‡o I‡V| †mLv‡b Av‡Q KZ gvbyl! †nvgvi, BwjqvW, †M¨‡U, wbZ‡k, Zj¯Íq, `¯Í‡qfw¯‹, gvqv‡Kvfw¯‹, †kwj, wKUm, evqib, †kK&mwcqi, Be‡mb, †ZŠwdK Avj nvwKg, kZe‡l©i ˆbtk㨠wb‡q `uvwo‡q Av‡Q gv‡K©m, †Kv_v G‡m aiv †`q Gwi‡qj Wd©‡gb| Zvici Zuvi msmvi Pjw”P‡Îi m‡½| Kvwnwb, wPÎbvU¨ †_‡K cwiPvjbv| GB msmv‡iI A‡bK gvbyl Ñ Pjw”P‡Îi cÖ‡hvRK, cwiPvjK, mnKvix cwiPvjK, Awf‡bZv-Awf‡bÎx, wm‡bgv n‡ji gvwjK, cÖ‡R±i Acv‡iUi, n‡ji jvBU nv‡Z `k©K Avm‡b emv‡bv gvbyl, wPÎMÖvnK, Pjw”PÎ-cwÎKvi mvsevw`K, me‡k‡l Xz‡K c‡o `k©K ûogyo K‡i| †mLv‡b eÇ †Kvjvnj| mevB ¸iæZ¡cY~ © Zuvi Kv‡Q| †Kvjvn‡j c~Y© n‡q c‡o GB msmvi| GBLv‡b †evSv hvq Zxeª †cÖg †kK&mwcq‡ii m‡½| Qwe Ki‡jb †kK&mwcq‡ii K‡gwW, K‡gwW Ae Giim Aej¤^‡b wdi wg‡j‡½ nvg †`v‡bv| eûKvj Av‡M Ck¦iP›`ª we`¨vmvMi Abyev` K‡iwQ‡jb, bvg w`‡qwQ‡jb åvwšÍwejvm| QwewU K‡iwQ‡jb D`©y fvlvq| Avkv K‡iwQ‡jb, Ab�� fvlvfvlx `k©‡Ki Kv‡QI QwewU fv‡jv jvM‡e| QwewU †Zgb e¨emvmdj n‡Z cv‡iwb| ZviciI wZwb Pjw”PÎ †Q‡o †`bwb| †j‡M wQ‡jb bvbvfv‡e| MxwZKvi, msjvc iPwqZv, wPÎbvU¨Kvi wn‡m‡e `xN©w`b GB msmv‡i Rwo‡q wQ‡jb| wKš‘ GKmgq a‡m co‡Z jvMj Pjw”PÎ| †mB a‡m covi Kv‡j iBj †Kej Zuvi `xN©kv¦ m| Avevi nVvr K‡iB G‡m hvb ïay my`‡~ ii kãgvjvi msmv‡i| wewewm| k‡ãi ci kã wbg©vY K‡i cvwV‡q †`b `~i-`~iv‡šÍ| †m GK D‡ËRbvKi KvR| wewewmi msev`K‡ÿB nVvr K‡i †Ui cvb, K‡ivwU‡Z G‡m †M‡Q bvUK| iscyi †_‡K eû`~‡i jÛ‡b Kv‡b ev‡R ü`q †_‡K DrmvwiZ MÖvgxY gvby‡li cv‡qi kã, ey‡Ki kã, k‡ãi ci kã mvwR‡q iƒc †bq GK bvU¨fvlv| wj‡L †d‡jb cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq| ZLb Gwkqvi wewfbœ cÖv‡šÍ Pj‡Q hy×| wf‡qZbvg, evsjv‡`k, K‡¤^vwWqv, jvIm| aŸsm, AvZ¥vûwZ, weRq, civR‡qi aŸwb †_‡K kã †ewi‡q Av‡m ürKj‡gi Uv‡b| mˇii `k‡Ki †k‡l P‡j Av‡mb †`‡k| Dcnvi †`b cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq Ges cÖ‡ek N‡U bvU‡Ki msmv‡i| Gici GB msmviUv eo n‡Z _v‡K hLb b~ij`xb aiv †`q Zuvi Kj‡g| cici †ekwKQy bvUK hy× Ges hy×, GLv‡b GLb| Av‡MB e‡jwQ, wek¦mvwn‡Z¨i cÖwZ Zuvi mgvb †SuvK| Kwe‡`i Kv‡Q wek¦Kwe †kK&mwcqi| †kK&mwcq‡ii Rywjqvm wmRvi‡K evsjvq mvRvb wZwb, Avevi Av‡m g¨vK‡e_| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ g¨vK‡e‡_i Abyev` Ab¨Zg KxwZ© Zuvi| Gi g‡a¨ cÖvq †gŠwjK bvUK n‡q `uvovq gy‡Lvk| KZUv wZwb Wd©g¨v‡bi bvUK †i‡LwQ‡jb Zv ejv hv‡e bv, KviY g~j bvUKwU cwowb Ges cÖ‡qvRbI g‡b Kwiwb| g„Z¨z i Av‡M Amy¯’ Ae¯’vq n¨vg‡j‡Ui Abyev`I wZwb †kl K‡ib| mˇii `kK †_‡K g„Z¨z Aewa Zuvi K‡ivwUi †fZi bvU‡Ki msmviwU G‡Kev‡i igigv| `k©K A‡cÿgvY _v‡K ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki bvUK †`Lvi R‡b¨| mv¤úªwZKKv‡j †j‡Lb bvixMY, BwZnv‡mi RxY© cvZv †_‡K RxešÍ

38

me PwiÎ| Gi g‡a¨ Avevi G‡m †M‡Q iex›`ªbv_| Zuv‡K wb‡qI bvUK| evsjv bvUK wb‡q Zuvi GKwU Av‡ÿ‡ci K_v wZwb e‡j‡Qb| evsjv bvU‡K e¨w³i msKU Ges hš¿Yv h_v_©B Abycw¯’Z e‡j wZwb g‡b Ki‡Zb| †mB `xbeÜz wgÎ, gvB‡Kj, w؇R›`ªjvj ivq †_‡K AvR Aewa evsjv bvU‡K e¨vcKfv‡e RbZvi Dcw¯’wZ, GgbwK iex›`ªbv‡_I| bvUK ZvB n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q RbZvi Kɯ^i| †`ªvn, eÂbv, gvby‡li RxebmsMÖvg †hfv‡e RvqMv †c‡q‡Q, †Zgb K‡i e¨w³gvby‡li AšÍØ›© Ø RvqMv cvqwb| wZwb K_vUv e‡jB †_‡g _v‡Kbwb| wj‡L‡Qb Cl©v| gvÎ K‡qKwU msjv‡ci Ici `uvwo‡q _vKv bvUK| kã Ges msjv‡ci Ici KZUv gybw& kqvbv _vK‡j GUv m¤¢e! †h-†Kv‡bv Kwei IciB wek¦Kwe †kK&mwcq‡ii GKUv cÖfve _v‡K| bvUK iPbv Ki‡Z wM‡q wZwb Kv‡e¨i PP©v‡K †hgb Dcw¯’Z K‡i‡Qb, †Zgwb Aejxjvq g‡bv‡jvM iPbv K‡i‡Qb| ZvB msjvc M‡`¨ iwPZ n‡jI Kvwe¨K e¨Äbv Abycw¯’Z _v‡Kwb| my`xN©w`b mvgšÍev`x Jcwb‡ewkK kw³i Kv‡Q c`vbZ fviZe‡l©i gvbyl ¯^fveZB miKviwe‡ivax| ZvB ivóª, miKvi, kvmK mevB Zv‡`i m‡›`‡ni welq| Kv‡RB bvU¨g‡Â Zviv †`L‡Z Pvq Zv‡`iB AvKvw•ÿZ GKUv hy×| †m-hy‡× Zviv Rqx n‡Z Pvq, bv-n‡j kvm‡Ki cÖwZ N„Yvi D‡`ªK †nvK, GUzKz †Zv PvqB| b~ij`xb †mfv‡eB iwPZ| gvby‡li c‡ÿ A¯¿avix †h †m-B bvqK| we‡`ªvn e¨_© n‡jI| b~ij`xb ZvB gvby‡li ¯§„wZ‡Z _v‡K| kZ kZ eQi a‡i Zviv cÖRb¥ †_‡K cÖR‡b¥ †cuŠ‡Q hvq RbkÖæwZ n‡q| bvUK D‡ËRbvKi| huvivB bvU‡Ki m‡½ hy³ _v‡Kb Zuviv mevB| bvU‡Ki Kzkxjeiv ïay bb, `k©KivI| `k©KivI GB D‡ËRbv‡K fvM K‡i †bb| nKfvB‡KI †c‡qwQj †mB D‡ËRbvq, †Nv‡i| cÖev‡m Zuvi kh¨vcv‡k bvU‡Ki †jvK, XvKvq nvmcvZv‡j A¸bwZ bvU‡Ki †jv‡Ki Avbv‡Mvbv| g„Z¨z i gyn‡~ Z©I ZvB| bvU‡Ki †jv‡Kiv mn‡RB Avcb n‡q hvq welqeyw×nxb e‡j| Z‡e huviv welqeyw×I K‡i‡Qb Zuv‡`i g‡a¨I _v‡K wKwÂr Avcb‡fvjv gvbyl| ZvB Zuvi GB msmviwU eoB Kv‡Qi, Avcbvi| GKUv mbvZb msmviI wQj| wcZv, gvZv, ¯¿x, åvZv, fwMœ, mšÍvb| †mB msmv‡iI Zuvi ¯¿x Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb Zuvi eÜy, †jwLKv-eÜz| wZwbI msmvi †c‡Z‡Qb ¯^vgx Ges mvwn‡Z¨i m‡½| †m-msmviUvI eo R¡jR¡‡j, cÖvYešÍ Ges m„R‡bi Avavi| ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjvi weï× KwewU ïay †jLvq bq, AvÇvqI Abb¨| †mB RMbœv_ K‡j‡Ri ZiæY Qv·K †`Lv hvq IqvBRNv‡U Pjw”PÎKvi gvwnDwÏb Avn‡g‡`i AvÇvq, m`iNv‡Ui wPÎvjx Awd‡m, weDwU †evwW©s‡q, †nv‡Uj wgwiÛvq, wek¦we`¨vj‡qi AvgZjvq, gayi K¨vw›U‡b Ges gv‡S gv‡S XvKv K¬v‡e| AvÇvq KL‡bv ga¨gwY Avevi KL‡bv Zzgj y cÖwZØw›ØZv Lv‡j` †PŠayixi (cÖf)z m‡½| Kwe‡`i g‡a¨ AvÇvq Av‡iK cÖwZØ›Øx knx` Kv`ix| AvÇvI GKUv eo msmvi wQj Zuvi| my`i~ jÛ‡b wewewmi K¨v‡d‡Uwiqvq cÖej AvÇv n‡Zv| Avgiv AevK n‡qwQ, whwb GZ AvÇvq e¨¯Í, wZwb GZ †j‡Lb Kx K‡i? †jLvi GKUv msmvi wZwb mh‡Zœ ¸wQ‡q iv‡Lb| †mwU wZwb mvaviYZ Ki‡Zb cÖZ¨z ‡l| cÖZ¨z ‡li mvwnZ¨PP©v fviZxq †jLK‡`i HwZn¨| iex›`ªbv_I Zv-B Ki‡Zb| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki wekvj mvwnZ¨hÁ e¨vL¨v Kiv m¤¢e bq| G‡Kev‡iB m¤¢e bq Zuvi Rxe‡bi K_v ejv| wKš‘ we¯§‡q nZevK nB Zuvi K‡ivwU‡Z (K‡ivwU kãwU wZwb cÖvqB e¨envi Ki‡Zb) Kx K‡i GZ msmvi‡K aviY K‡i‡Qb! GKUv ch©v‡q ivRbxwZI Zuvi cÖvq msmv‡i cwiYZ nw”Qj, wKš‘ †kl ch©šÍ cigns‡mi g‡Zv wZwb Zv Qvwo‡qI †d‡j‡Qb| †mUvB nq‡Zv n‡Zv me‡P‡q fzj msmvi| nKfvB Avgv‡`i m‡½ wU‡bi Z‡jvqvi wb‡q j‡o‡Qb| AvRxeb wZwb _vK‡eb cv`cÖ`x‡ci Av‡jvq| r


Zuvi `xN© Qvqv iv‡g›`y gRyg`vi

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Avwg hLb Zuvi g„Zz¨i w`b `‡kK Av‡M nvmcvZv‡j Zuv‡K †`L‡Z hvB, wZwb ejwQ‡jb, PviUv bvUK †jLvi cwiKíbv Av‡Q Zuvi gv_vq| Avi e½eÜz‡K wb‡q Bs‡iwR‡Z wjL‡eb GKUv bvUK Ñ In Search of Bangabandhu| GKm‡½ wZwb A‡bK wKQz Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| evsjv‡`‡k Kve¨bvU¨‡K GKUv k³ wf‡Zi Ici cÖwZwôZ K‡i †M‡Qb ˆmq` nK| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq w`‡q Zvi hvÎv ïiæ| Zuvi cÖqv‡Yi ci cÖ_g MZ 25 A‡±vei M½v-hgybv bv‡U¨vrm‡e hLb Avgiv bvUKwU g¯’ Kwi, `k©‡Ki wecyj mgvMg †`‡L Avgiv gy» nB| Avgv‡`i we‡ePbvq evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡×i Ici hZ bvUK iwPZ n‡q‡Q, cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq Zvi g‡a¨ me‡P‡q D¾¡j| 25 b‡f¤^i 2016 cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq Awfb‡qi 40 eQi c~Y© n‡e| AvÂwjK fvlvq †jLv Avi `viæY me Dcgvq fiv G-bvUK| MÖvgxY Rxeb †_‡K †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb Gme Dcgv| hw`I AvRKvj A‡b‡KB †m-Rxe‡bi m‡½ cwiwPZ bb| Avgv‡`i wek¦vm, mgKvj‡K AwZµg K‡i bvUKwU wPiKvjxb n‡q _vK‡e evsjv mvwn‡Z¨| GwU †Kej gyw³hy‡×i bvUK bq; ag©vÜZv †_‡K gyw³, Kzms¯‹vi †_‡K gyw³i K_v ejv n‡q‡Q G-bvU‡K| GKB K_v ejv hvq Zuvi Aci Kve¨bvU¨ b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb m¤ú‡K©I| iscy‡ii GK K…lK we‡`ªv‡ni †bZvi ¯^íÁvZ Rxe‡bi Ici wfwË K‡i wZwb iPbv K‡i‡Qb G gvbyl-RvMvwbqv bvUK| wewkó Awf‡bZv, AvR‡Ki ms¯‹…wZgš¿x Avmv`y¾vgvb b~‡ii K‡É hLb bvUKwUi cÖ¯Ívebv As‡ki Ave„wË ïwb ZLb i‡³ †hb bvPb jv‡M| ˆmq` n‡Ki Cl©v ev GLv‡b GLb Kve¨bvU¨ `ywUI gvbweK m¤ú‡K©i K_v e‡j| †kK&mwcq‡ii Rywjqvm wmRvi Aej¤^b K‡i iPbv K‡i‡Qb MYbvqK| cÖ_g `y-As‡Ki ci wZwb ¯^vaxbfv‡e wj‡L‡Qb e½eÜzi Rxe‡bi we‡qvMvšÍ cwiYwZ wb‡q| Rywjqvm wmRv‡ii m‡½ Zzjbv K‡i‡Qb e½eÜzi| `yR‡bB loh‡š¿i wkKvi, `yR‡bB Uª¨v‡RwWi bvqK| Zuvi WKz-Wªvgv hy× Ges hy× M‡`¨ iwPZ| bvUKwU K‡i Avgiv Lye Z…wß †c‡qwQ| ¯^vaxbZvwe‡ivax kw³ hLb ivóªÿgZvq, ZLb G-bvU‡Ki †K›`ªxq PwiÎ GK knx` Aa¨vc‡Ki ¯¿x Rxbv‡Zi K‡É mvnmx D”PviY `k©K-†kÖvZvi we‡eK‡K bvov w`‡Z †c‡i‡Q : ivRvKvi‡K †Zviv ÿgv Ki‡Z cvwim, Avwg cvwi bv? ivRvKvi‡K †Zviv gš¿x Ki‡Z cvwim, Avwg ¯^vgx Ki‡Z cvwi bv? GKvˇii `vjvj‡K ¯^vaxbZvi c`K w`‡Z cvwim, GKvˇii `vjv‡ji Mjvq Avwg gvjv w`‡Z cvwi bv? Avwg Ki‡jB Aciva? Avi †Zv‡`i †ejvq †mUv D`viZv? ... ... GB Avgvi hy×, Avgvi e¨w³MZ hy×, Avgvi GKvi hy×| †Zviv †h fz‡j †MwQm, †Zv‡`i Avevi me g‡b Kwi‡q †`evi hy×, †Zviv wkD‡i DVwe, †Zviv Pg‡K DVwe, Acgv‡b †Zviv R¡‡j DVwe, ZvB Avgvi hy×| Avwg †h †g‡q, Avwg †h gv‡qi RvZ, gv‡qi gy‡L Kvwj bv co‡j †Q‡j †Ku‡` DV‡e †Kb? hLb msjvc¸‡jv D”PvwiZ nZ, ZLb `k©K gyûgy©û KiZvwj w`‡q e³e¨‡K mg_©b RvbvZ| `ywU †kK&mwcqi Abyev‡`i R‡b¨ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wPi¯§iYxq n‡q _vK‡eb Ñ g¨vK‡e_ I †U‡¤ú÷| wPivqZ mvwn‡Z¨i wPivqZ Abyev`| †kK&mwcq‡ii Ab¨ `yRb `ÿ Abyev`K Ñ gybxi †PŠayix I Drcj `Ë| ˆmq` nK Zuvi Ab~w`Z msjv‡c Zrmg kã e¨envi K‡i‡Qb A‡bK, wKš‘ msjvc D”Pvi‡Y Zv Avgv‡`i evav n‡q `uvovqwb| c‡i Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Îqjvm I †µwm`v| †ivMkh¨vq †kl K‡i‡Qb n¨vg‡jU Ñ †hwU wkíKjv GKv‡Wwgi cÖ‡hvRbvq wkMwMi g‡Â Avm‡e| fvlvi Ici ˆmq` n‡Ki `Lj wQj Cl©Yxq| Zuvi GKwU MÖš’ K_v mvgvb¨B †Zgb GKUv Av‡jvwPZ nqwb Avgv‡`i `yf©vMv †`‡k| kã ev evK¨vsk Avgiv KZfv‡e e¨envi Kwi, KZ A‡_©,

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KL‡bv fzjfv‡e Ñ †mme K_v wb‡q G-eB| Avgv‡`i wbZ¨‡Pbv I wbZ¨ejv wKQz kã wb‡q jZvq-cvZvq bvbv K_v ejv nvjKv Pv‡j| GKw`‡K †hgb wkÿYxq, Ab¨w`‡K Dc‡fvM¨ †jLv¸‡jv| gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ †Zgwb Av‡iKwU ¸iæZ¡c~Y© eB| wZbwU Avjv`v Avjv`v Kjvg Ñ gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨, M‡íi KjKâv I KweZvi wKwgqv wb‡q G-eB| huviv †jLv‡jwL K‡ib, Zuv‡`i wbZ¨m½x nIqv DwPZ MÖš’wU| M‡íi KjKâvq wZwb weL¨vZ †jLK‡`i Mí e¨e‡”Q` K‡i †`wL‡q‡Qb, Mí †jLvi GKUv KvwiMwi w`KI Av‡Q| Zuvi g‡Z, Ôgnr e³e¨ gnr wk‡í Ab~w`Z nq ïay KvwiMwi `ÿZv I D™¢veb e‡j|Õ 2007 mv‡ji 24 AvM÷ jÛ‡b e‡m ˆmq` kvgmyj nK ÔmgvwadjKÕ kxl©K GKwU mgvwawjwc iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb : †Z‡ivkZ b`xi G †`k cwjmg„× wbðq| cwj c‡o| cvjj-wkjvq †j‡L MíUv mgq| gvby‡li me Mí? bvwK Av‡Q ZviI wbe©vPb? †n gvZt evsjvi gvwU, Ki‡Rv‡o K‡i m¤¢vlY †Zvgvi mšÍvb Kwe, c`”Qvc †i‡Lv gv wkjvq| hw` iv‡Lv, Kx Av‡Q Rxeb hw` gvwU‡Z wgjvq! AvwgI †Zvgvi ¯Í‡b `y» †U‡b D‡VwQ GK`v †jv‡K †fv‡j fz‡j hvK, Zzwg †hb fz‡jv bv †m K_v, †ZvgviB mgq-K_v AvwgI †Zv e‡jwQ fvlvq Ñ †ZvgviB fvlvq, gv †Mv| cyi¯‹vi mvgvb¨ gvqvq hw` wKQz †c‡q _vwK Zv‡K MY¨ K‡iwQ †gvni| Avwg †Zv giYkxj, Avgv‡`i Zzwg †h Agi! Avkv Kwi AvgviI Kzov‡bv dzj wb‡qwQ‡j Zzwg, †`‡LwQ‡j kÖg Nvg G Kwei, gv †Mv, gvZ…f‚wg \ †jLvwU Avgv‡`i g‡b Kwi‡q †`q evsjvi gnvKwe gvB‡Kj gaym~`b `‡Ëi mgvwawjwci †mB Agi cO&w³¸‡jv Ô`uvovI, cw_K-ei Rb¥ hw` Ze e‡½...|Õ Kwe Zuvi mgvwa¯’j‡K Zzjbv K‡iwQ‡jb Rbbxi †Kv‡ji m‡½| ˆmq` nKI evsjvi gvwU‡K gvZ… m‡¤^vab K‡i cÖv_©bv K‡i‡Qb Ñ Ô†Zvgvi mšÍvb Kwe, c`”Qvc †i‡Lv gv wkjvq|Õ Zuvi mgvwa¯’j wba©vi‡Yi cÖkœ DV‡j A‡b‡K †P‡qwQ‡jb, Zuv‡K XvKvq mgvwnZ Kiv †nvK, hv‡Z Zuv‡K mn‡RB kÖ×v Rvbv‡bv hvq| wKš‘ Av‡bvqviv fvwe I wØZxq G-e¨vcv‡i Abo wQ‡jb †h, KzwoMÖv‡gB ˆmq` n‡Ki cQ›` Kiv RvqMvq Zuvi †kl kh¨v iwPZ n‡e| wm×všÍwU wQj cy‡ivcywi wVK| Kwe kvgmyi ivngvb ï‡q Av‡Qb ebvbx‡Z| Avgiv KZRb Zuvi mgvwa †`L‡Z hvB? ˆmq` kvgmyj nK R‡b¥wQ‡jb KzwoMÖv‡g| Zuvi Rb¥ AÂj‡K wN‡i wZwb wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb GK KwíZ ¯’vb Ñ R‡jk¦ix| Zuvi Mí, Dcb¨vm, KweZv, bvU‡K wd‡i-wd‡i G‡m‡Q R‡jk¦ix| e¨envi K‡i‡Qb e„nËi iscyi A‡ji fvlv| gvZ…f‚wgi cÖwZ cÖPÐ fv‡jvevmv †_‡KB ˆmq` nK †P‡qwQ‡jb, †h-f‚wg‡Z Zuvi Rb¥, †mLv‡bB wZwb wPiwb`ªvq kvwqZ n‡eb| Gi †P‡q Avi †Kv‡bv DËg wm×všÍ n‡Z cv‡i bv| G-cÖm‡½ ˆmq` n‡Ki ¸Yx Rxebm½x Wv. Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` n‡Ki K_v hw` D‡jøL bv Kwi, Z‡e Avgvi G-†jLv Am¤ú~Y© _vK‡e| Av‡bvqviv fvwe wb‡RI K…Zx MíKvi, Jcb¨vwmK| nK mv‡n‡ei ÿq‡iv‡Mi mgq Zuvi m‡½ cwiPq, K¨vbmv‡i we‡”Q`| fvwe †hfv‡e Qvqvm½xi g‡Zv me©ÿY Zuvi cv‡k-cv‡k †_‡K‡Qb, Amy¯’ _vKvKvjxb w`bivZ †mev K‡i‡Qb, Zvi `„óvšÍ weij| †kl gyn~‡Z©I †`‡LwQ Kxfv‡e wZwb ¯^vgxi Kó jvN‡ei cÖvYcY †Póv K‡i hv‡”Qb| Avgv‡`i A‡bK K…ZÁZv Av‡bvqviv fvwei cÖwZ| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, Avgv‡`i wcÖq gvbyl, P‡j hvIqvi ci Avgiv Abyfe KiwQ, Avgv‡`i e¨w³ Rxe‡b, RvZxq Rxe‡b KZUv RvqMv Ry‡o wQ‡jb wZwb| wZwb †hLv‡bB _vKzb, kvwšÍ‡Z _vKzb Ñ GB cÖv_©bv Kwi| r


41


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q` kvgmyj n‡Ki Rxeb I Kg©avivi w`‡K ZvKv‡j we¯§‡q Awff‚Z n‡Z nq| Gi we¯Ívi G‡Zv wecyj, Zvrch© G‡Zv Mfxi †h, Zv Avgiv mg¨K ey‡S DV‡Z †c‡iwQ e‡j g‡b nq bv| GKvwk eQ‡ii m„wókxj Rxeb Zuvi, Kvje¨vwa g„Zz¨ Avmbœ K‡i Zzj‡jI m„R‡b †Kv‡bv weivg ev †Q` Uvb‡Z wZwb ivwR wQ‡jb bv| nvmcvZv‡ji †ivMkh¨vq wZwb hLb ZR©bx Zz‡j Ave„wË KiwQ‡jb KweZv, g‡b nw”Qj m„wó w`‡q g„Zz¨‡KB eywS wZwb A¯^xKvi Ki‡Z PvB‡Qb| AeavwiZ g„Zz¨‡K A¯^xKvi K‡i Kvi mva¨, wKš‘ m„R‡bi kw³‡Z gvbyl †h cv‡i g„Zz¨‡K AMÖvn¨ Ki‡Z †mB cwiPq ˆmq` nK †i‡L‡Qb Zuvi RxebvPv‡i| Gÿ‡Y Zuvi cÖqv‡Yi ci mvwnZ¨Kg© Zuvi n‡q wbwðZfv‡e cvjb Ki‡e †mB eªZ| cÂv‡ki `k‡K c~e©evsjvq GKSuvK cÖwZfvevb bex‡bi Avwef©ve n‡qwQj, huviv m„R‡bi bZzb cÖevn ˆZwi K‡i cvwK¯Ívwb wØRvwZZ‡Ë¡i mv¤úÖ`vwqK iv‡óªi wekvj Av‡qvRb P¨v‡jÄ K‡iwQ‡jb Ges Rb¥ 42


w`‡qwQ‡jb beRvMi‡Yi| GB RvMi‡Yi cÖv_wgK iƒc ivR‰bwZK wKsev mvgvwRK wQj bv, wQj mvs¯‹…wZK Ges g~jZ mvwnwZ¨K, wKsev ejv †h‡Z cv‡i wQj mvwnwZ¨K-mvs¯‹…wZK| cwðgevsjvi AvRKvj cwÎKvi WvKmvB‡U mvsevw`K evnviDwÏb GKevi Avgv‡K e‡jwQ‡jb †h, c~e©evsjvq cÂv‡ki `k‡K GK †i‡bmuvm ev beRvMiY N‡U †M‡Q, hv Avgiv GL‡bv kbv³ Ki‡Z cvwiwb| wZwb e‡jb, †mB mg‡q hv-hv N‡U‡Q Zv evsjvi Dwbk kZ‡Ki †i‡bmuv‡mi m‡½ Zzjbxq n‡Z cv‡i| GB RvMiY‡K Avgiv Avgv‡`i g‡Zv wPwýZ Kwi Ges Drm wn‡m‡e mwVKfv‡eB we‡ePbv Kwi fvlv-Av‡›`vjb‡K, Avgiv ewj fvlv-Av‡›`vjb †_‡K gyw³hy×| Z‡e GB cwiμgY Dcifvmvfv‡e †`Lv nq †ewk, †Rvi c‡o Gi ivR‰bwZK w`‡Ki Ici, mvwnwZ¨K-mvs¯‹…wZK gvÎv †Zgbfv‡e Zwj‡q †`Lv nq bv| fvlv Av‡›`vjb hLb Avgiv ewj, ZLb †Kej hw` fvlv wb‡q Av‡›`vjb †evSv‡bv nq Z‡e †Zv fvlvi hviv Kvievwi, wPšÍv‡K fvlvq cÖKvk, m„R‡bi fvlviƒc`vb, Gme m„wókxj KvR huviv K‡i‡Qb Zuv‡`i f‚wgKv n‡q I‡V gyL¨| GLv‡b Avgiv cvB AmvaviY GK K¨vbfvm, †h-K¨vbfv‡m A‡bK is, A‡bK gyL, A‡bK m„wókxj mvwnZ¨, †mLv‡b Av‡iv A‡b‡Ki m‡½ i‡q‡Qb cÖvÄj GK e¨w³mËv ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| fvlv-Av‡›`vjb GB ZiæY‡`i Rb¨ †cÖiYvg~jK n‡qwQj, G-Av‡›`vjb Ggb GK mgq NUj hLb Zuviv A‡b‡K GK‡Î mvwnZ¨, KweZv, Mí, Dcb¨v‡mi gva¨‡g LyuR‡Qb AvZ¥cÖKv‡ki c_, fvlv‡K Aej¤^b K‡i| †K Kx wjL‡Qb †mUvi g‡Zv, wKsev Zvi †P‡qI †ewk ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡q D‡VwQj †h-fvlv Zuviv wbg©vY KiwQ‡jb, †h-fvlv‡eva ˆZwi K‡i P‡jwQ‡jb, †mB cÖqvm| weMZ eQ‡ii wW‡m¤^‡i 80Zg Rb¥evwl©Kxi Abyôv‡b evnvbœ cÖm‡½ ZvB msMZfv‡e ˆmq` nK e‡jwQ‡jb : fvlvi Rb¨ ïay ivRc‡_ i³ Siv‡bvi eQi †mwU bq, cvwK¯Ív‡bi kZ lohš¿ m‡Ë¡I Aviwe ev †ivgvb ni‡d evsjv †jLv I evsjv‡K Aviwe-D`y© k‡ã RR©wiZ K‡i GB fvlvwU‡KB webó Kievi wecix‡Z Avgiv KÕRbv DËivwaKvi m~‡Î cvIqv evsjvfvlv‡KB AuvK‡o a‡i †h wj‡L P‡jwQjvg, †mw`b Avgv‡`i `ye©jZg †jLvwUI †h wQj ivRc‡_ i³ Siv‡bvi †P‡qI AwaK mdj hy×, e›`yK bq Kjg nv‡ZB †h n‡q D‡VwQjvg evsjv gv‡qi cÖ_g gyw³‡hv×v Avgiv G‡KKRbv Ñ Avgvi †PvL Svcmv n‡q hvq AkÖæi cøve‡b| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki m„wókxjZvi Kvjce© hw` Avgiv wPwýZ Kwi, K‡e KLb cÖ_g iPbvi m~ÎcvZ †mB we‡ePbvq bq, †Kvb mgq †_‡K m„wókxj AwfhvÎvi ïiæ †mB wePv‡i, Z‡e Avgv‡`i wPwýZ Ki‡Z n‡e 1952 mvj| Gi Ae¨ewnZ c~‡e© Avgiv jÿ K‡iwQ XvKv kn‡i GK`j ZiæY, ejv †h‡Z cv‡i AbwZZiæY, bexb wK‡kviB eywS, bvbvfv‡e LyuR‡Qb m„R‡bi MwZc_, †mB m‡½ m„R‡bi fvlv| GB fvlv wbQK AvÿwiK A‡_© bq, ¯^v‡`wkKZv A‡_©I cÖ‡hvR¨, †hgb ejv hvq wPÎwkíx‡`i †ÿ‡Î, Zviv K¨vbfv‡m Pov‡eb †Kvb is, AuvK‡eb †Kvb Qwe †Kvb ixwZ‡Z †mUvI †Zv wPÎfvlvi cÖkœ| †Zv GB mvwnwZ¨K I wkíxe„‡Ë mg‡eZ bex‡biv Rvqgvb XvKv kn‡i wQ‡jb ci¯ú‡ii cwiwPZ, †h-cwiPq †_‡K M‡o I‡V mL¨, mvwn‡Z¨i I wk‡íi cvVMÖnY I fvewewbgq nq Zuv‡`i Rxebavivi A½vw½ Ask| A‡bKv‡bK bvg GLv‡b D”PviY Kiv hvq, Zvic‡iI †`Lv hv‡e Aby”PvwiZ i‡q †M‡Q Av‡iv KZ-bv bvg| PU K‡i ejvi g‡Zv bvgI A‡bK, nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb, †evinvbDwÏb Lvb Rvnv½xi, d‡qR

Avn‡g`, AvjvDwÏb Avj AvRv`, Ave`yj Mvd&dvi †PŠayix, kvgmyi ivngvb, Avey Rvdi Ievq`yjøvn, Avwbmy¾vgvb, Lv‡j` †PŠayix, mvBwq` AvZxKzjøvn, gy¯Ívdv b~iDj Bmjvg, dR‡j †jvnvbx Ges Av‡iv KZRbv! ˆmq` kvgmyj nKI Av‡Qb †mB e„‡Ë Ges mwZ¨ e‡U, evnvbœi †deªæqvwi‡Z wZwb wQ‡jb bv †`‡k, Pjw”P‡Îi fvlv wkL‡eb e‡j evwo †_‡K cvwj‡q P‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb †ev¤^vB, wd‡i G‡mwQ‡jb AíKvj c‡i, Z‡e wecyj RxebvwfÁZv aviY K‡i| evnvbœi AwfhvÎvq kwiK n‡Z ZvB Zuvi †Kv‡bv wej¤^ N‡Uwb, 1953 mv‡j nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb hLb cÖKvk Ki‡jb GKz‡k †deªæqvwi msKjb, Av‡iv A‡b‡Ki m‡½ ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZvI †mLv‡b ¯’vb †c‡qwQj| fvlv-Av‡›`vj‡bi mvwnZ¨iƒc cÖ`v‡bi cvkvcvwk Av‡iv bvbvfv‡e PjwQj m„Rbx Av‡qvRb| msMx‡Z Gi AmvaviY cÖKvk Avgiv †`wL Ave`yj Mvd&dvi †PŠayixi iPbv I AvjZvd gvngy‡`i my‡i m„wRZ ÔAvgvi fvB‡qi i‡³ ivOv‡bvÕ Mv‡b wKsev ev‡Minv‡Ui AL¨vZ MxwZKvi kvgmyÏxb Avng‡`i iPbv ÔI‡i I evOvwj, XvKvi kni i‡³ ivOvBwjÕ †jvKMxwZ‡Z| bvU‡K Zvrch©gq DÌvb N‡U †Mj †jvKP¶zi AšÍiv‡j, Kviv-Af¨šÍ‡i gybxi †PŠayix iwPZ Kei bvU‡K Awfbq Ki‡jb Kvivew›`ivB, wek¦bvU‡Ki BwZnv‡m Ggb D`vniY †Zv we‡kl †bB| wPÎKjvi †ÿ‡Î Gi iƒcvqY wKQyUv mgq wb‡qwQj, Z‡e evsjv‡`‡ki PviæKjvi wfZ ˆZwi K‡i w`‡qwQ‡jb evnvbœi Av‡›`vj‡bi m‡½ m¤ú„³ ZiæY wkí-wkÿv_x©iv, ZL‡bv huviv Rqbyj Av‡ew`b cÖwZwôZ PviæKjvi we`¨vcx‡Vi cvV mgvcb K‡ibwb| †`k wQj cvwK¯Ívwb †kK‡j euvav, Z‡e fvlv, ms¯‹„wZ, ¯^‡`k wN‡i NUwQj GK RvMiY Ñ hv‡K beRvMiY ej‡Z wØavwš^Z nIqv msMZ n‡e bv| GLv‡b RvMi‡Yi Av‡iK gvÎvi w`‡K `„wó AvKl©Y Kiv hvq| fvlv-Av‡›`vjb Kxfv‡e GZ cÖfvewe¯Ívix n‡q DVj †m-cÖm‡½ A_©bxwZwe` I K…Zx evOvwj AgZ©¨ †mb ¯^xq Dcjwä †g‡j a‡iwQ‡jb XvKvq cÖ`Ë GKvwaK fvl‡Y| wZwb g‡b K‡ib, 1950 mv‡j gymwjg wjM miKvi mv¤úÖ`vwqK `„wófw½ †_‡K Rwg`vwi cÖ_v D‡”Q‡`i weavb MÖnY Ki‡jI Gi djvdj n‡qwQj my`~icÖmvix| c~e©evsjvq Rwg`vi‡`i e„n`sk wQj wn›`y m¤úÖ`vqfy³ Ges A‡bK †ÿ‡Î KjKvZvcÖevmx| Rwg`vwi cÖ_v D‡”Q‡`i Øviv ivR‰bwZK dvq`v nvwmj wQj gymwjg wj‡Mi jÿ¨, Avi AgZ©¨ †mb e‡j‡Qb, Gi gva¨‡g c~e©evsjvq GK ai‡bi f‚wg ms¯‹vi N‡U wM‡qwQj Ges cÖRvi ¯^Z¡ cÖmv‡ii gva¨‡g bZzb GK ga¨weË Rb‡Mvôxi D™¢e I weKv‡ki m¤¢vebv cÖmvwiZ n‡qwQj, wkÿvMÖn‡Y huviv m¤ú„³ nw”Q‡jb e¨vcKfv‡e| GB Rb‡Mvôx msMZfv‡eB fvlv-Av‡›`vj‡bi g‡a¨ Zv‡`i weKv‡ki m¤¢vebv †`L‡Z †c‡qwQ‡jb Ges gvZ…fvlvi AwaKv‡ii c‡ÿ †mv”Pvi n‡qwQ‡jb wecyjfv‡e| Ab¨w`‡K bZzb GB RvMi‡Yi mvwnwZ¨K kwiK I ˆmwbK wn‡m‡e ˆmq` kvgmyj nK ˆkwíK f‚wg‡Z `uvwo‡q Abyfe K‡iwQ‡jb Gi Zvrch© Ges wj‡LwQ‡jb Ñ Avwg Ges Avgvi cÖRb¥ A_©vr cÂv‡ki `k‡Ki †jLK mKj evqv‡bœvi mšÍvb| hLb Avgiv wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQjvg ZLb Avgiv †KD wK‡kvi †KD-ev cÖ_g †hŠe‡b| Avgv‡`i †mB †Kvgj Kuv‡aB BwZnvm Pvwc‡q w`‡qwQj GK ¸iæ`vwqZ¡ Ñ m‡PZbfv‡e Abyfe Kwiwb Gi HwZnvwmKZv ev IR‡bi NbZ¡ ZLb, ax‡i †mwU †ev‡ai g‡a¨ Av‡m; lv‡Ui `k‡K †cuŠ‡QB, Avgiv eq‡mi Zzjbvq A‡bK †ewk cÖvÁ I cwiYZ n‡q DwV Ñ mvwn‡Z¨ hZUv bq, Zvi †P‡q †ewk BwZnvm-†PZbvq, †h, GKwU RvwZ‡Mvôxi ¯^‡`k e¯‘Z `ywU

43


Ñ Zvi ivóª Ges Zvi fvlv Ñ fvlvq iwPZ mvwnZ¨| Avwd«Kvi gyw³-Av‡›`vj‡bi †bZv AvwgjKvi Kviev‡ji ¯^iaŸwb AbymiY K‡i ejv hvq, evsjvfvlvq †jLvUvB ZLb n‡q D‡VwQj An act of culture, an act of resistance. fvlv Aej¤^b K‡i m„RbkxjZvi †mB cÖqvm cÖwZfvevb †jL‡Kiv e‡q wb‡q †M‡jb AfvweZ I Af‚Zc~e© ¯Í‡i, Zuv‡`i †jLvq, †jLvi Rb¨ Aej¤^b Kiv k‡ãi ci k‡ãi cÖevn ˆZwi Kij Ggb GK †eva, ˆmq` nK hv‡K e‡j‡Qb fvlv‡eva| G Ggb GK mgq hLb mvwnZ¨ I wk‡íi AvaywbK gbb, be-wbixÿv, cvðv‡Z¨i nvjwdj b›`bZ‡Ë¡ AeMvnb mewKQyi m‡½ Rwo‡q hvq ¯^v‡`wkK †eva| †jL‡Kiv Dcjwä K‡ib, hv-wKQy Zuviv †j‡Lb bv †Kb, wjL‡Z nq evsjvfvlvq Ges †mB fvlviƒ‡ci m‡½ †`‡ki gvbyl, Zv‡`i gy‡Li fvlv, fvlvi nvRvi eQ‡ii ci¤úiv Ges †mB BwZnvm I HwZn¨ A¯^xKv‡ii ivóªxq cÖqvm, fvlvi Rb¨ jovB me Ggbfv‡e wg‡k hvq †h, †jLK Zv †_‡K gy³ n‡Z cv‡ib bv| gy³ n‡q ˆbe©¨w³Kfv‡e fvlvi Kvievwi nIqv c~e©evsjvi †jLK‡`i, we‡klfv‡e m„wókxj †jLK‡`i c‡ÿ m¤¢e nq bv| d‡j fvlv Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ mÂvi K‡i fvlv‡eva, fvlv‡eva Zuv‡`i hy³ K‡i ¯^‡`‡ki m‡½, †h-K_v evievi †g‡j a‡i‡Qb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| GB fvlv‡eva †hb Avgiv bv-nvwi‡q †dwj, G-K_v wZwb ZiæY‡`i D‡Ï‡k `„pfv‡e D”PviY Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb| AvaywbK †jLK‡`i g‡a¨ ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki g‡Zv gvB‡Kj-Abyi³ Avi †KD wQ‡jb bv| GB Abyiv‡Mi KviY m‡b‡U Zuvi ¯^v”Q›`¨ wKsev Kve¨bvUK iPbvq ¯^Ztù‚Z© `ÿZv †Kej bq, hw`I mvwn‡Z¨i GB `yB dg© Zuv‡K A‡bKUv gvB‡KjmsjMœ K‡i †Zv‡j, Z‡e gvB‡Kj gaym~`b `‡Ëi g‡a¨ wZwb Lye eofv‡e †`L‡Z †c‡qwQ‡jb fvlvq †div, hv Zuvi Kv‡Q g‡b n‡qwQj ¯^‡`‡k †divi mgv_©K| eÜbxi g‡a¨ gvB‡Kj hLb †j‡Lb (A‡eva Avwg), Ô†n e½, fvÐv‡i Ze wewea iZb; Ñ / Zv m‡e, (A‡eva Avwg!), Ae‡njv KwiÕ, †mUv ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Kv‡Q A‡bK eo Zvrch© wb‡q †`Lv †`q| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb : wK‡m wZwb A‡eva? GLv‡bI gvB‡K‡ji Av‡jvq cvB GKwU †PZbv, GKwU †ev‡ai †PZbv Ñ fvlv‡eva| fvlvi †Kv‡bv m„Rbkx‡ji c‡ÿB Riæwi GB fvlv‡eva| GB †eva Avm‡j mKj gvby‡li R‡b¨B Ñ BwZnvm I †`k m¤ú‡K© †evawUB n‡”Q fvlvi cÖK…Z †eva| Zvrch©c~Y© Avi †hUv wZwb e‡j‡Qb Zv n‡”Q, GB fvlv‡eva wb‡q wZwb Lyu‡R wd‡i‡Qb gvbeQ›` Ges Zuvi m„wókxj K‡g© gvbeQ‡›`i cÖKvk wZwb NUv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb| bv›`wbK cÖZ¨q wn‡m‡e gvbeQ‡›`i D‡jøL ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Rxeb‡eva I Rxeb`k©‡bi Ggb GK MfxiZv cÖKvk K‡i, hv eyS‡Z m‡Pó n‡j Avgiv Lyu‡R cve Zuvi mvwnZ¨-Dcjwäi m~Î ev PvweKvwV| gvbeQ›` m¤ú‡K© wZwb wj‡L‡Qb Ñ GZÿ‡Y Avwg K_vwU ej‡Z cvwi Ñ gvb‡ei ¯^cœ-¯^cœf½, `ytL-Avb›`, Rq-civRq, Rb¥-g„Zz¨, †cÖgA‡cÖg, †kÖ‡qv‡eva-MnŸicZb, G meB GKwU †gŠwjK ¯ú›`‡b a„Z, K…Z, m¤¢vweZ| GB ¯ú›`‡bi Q›`B Avgvi AvRxeb Awš^ó| GB Q›`wU‡KB iƒc †`evi R‡b¨ KL‡bv Avgvi KweZv, KL‡bv Kve¨bvU¨, KL‡bv Dcb¨vm ev wPÎ| GB ¯ú›`bwU‡KB Avwg ejwQ Ñ gvbe-Q›`| GLb Rvwb, Avgvi mKj m„wói †fZi w`‡q Avwg GKwU KvRB Ki‡Z PvBwQ Ñ gvbeQ›` iPbv| hw` Avgvi iPbvi †Kv‡bv g~j¨ _v‡K, Z‡e Zv Av‡Q IB gvbeQ›` hZUzKz aiv c‡o‡Q Zvi †fZ‡iB| eZ©gvb I fwel¨‡Zi gvbyl‡K GB

44

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†jLv‡jwLi, gy‡L gy‡L eqb K‡i †M‡Qb KweZv, ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb Mí, Avi nvnvKvi K‡i wd‡i‡Qb †`kfvM wb‡q Rxebfi evwnZ †e`bv I Dcjwäi Dcb¨vm mgvc‡bi, †h-†`kfvM Zuvi †jLvq QvqvcvZ NwU‡qwQj G‡Kev‡i ev‡j¨| me¨mvPxi m„Rb-`ÿZvi cwiPq †`Iqvi KvR `yiƒn, †m-K_v Av‡MB ejv n‡q‡Q, Avgiv GLv‡b KZK D`vni‡Yi myev‡` wb‡Z cvwi †mB cwiPq| Avgvi Lye wcÖq GK MÖš’ ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki K_v mvgvb¨B| kã I fvlv wb‡q ˆ`wbK msev` cwÎKvq †jvKwcÖq GB Kjvg wZwb wj‡L‡Qb mßv‡ni ci mßvn, gv‡mi ci gvm Ry‡o| iPbvi Kvj‰`N©¨ GRb¨ DwjøwLZ n‡jv †h, Rxe‡bi bvbv e¨¯ÍZv I †jLv‡jwLi bvbv `vwe †gUv‡bvi g‡a¨I Ggb GK RwUj I M‡elYvi Dcjwäen iPbv wZwb GKvw`μ‡g wj‡L †h‡Z †c‡i‡Qb cig `ÿZvq| fvlv wel‡q KZ hZœevb, Abykxjbwbô I ZË¡-Zjøvwk n‡j GgbUv m¤¢e †mUv †evSvI KóKi| †Zv GB K_v mvgvb¨B †_‡K D`vniY wn‡m‡e D‡jøL Kiv hvq we‡kl GK fzw³ ÔmycvwiÕ, G‡Kev‡i mvaviY GK dj, hv †jvKmvavi‡Yi imbv-iÄwi wn‡m‡e mgv`„Z, Z‡e gvbwePv‡i wbgœeMx©q| mycvwi kã wb‡q KZ wewPÎ K_viB-bv AeZviYv K‡i‡Qb ˆmq` nK, cÖm½ †_‡K P‡j †M‡Qb cÖm½všÍ‡i, Avevi wd‡i G‡m‡Qb g~j wel‡q| cvwK¯Ívwb Rgvbvi ïiæ‡Z hviv Rei`w¯Ífv‡e evsjvfvlv ms¯‹v‡ii cÖqvm wb‡qwQj, ÔAvgv‡`i evsjvi Rvgv Ly‡j wb‡q wcb&nv‡Z Lv‡qk Ki‡jb †ivRvbv evZwP‡Zi †jevmÕ, Zv‡`i Rb¨ ÔAMZ¨vÕ cwÎKv `vIqvB evZ‡jwQj gv_vq mycvwi †i‡L Kv‡Vi Log Vz‡K †`Iqvi| mycvwii Ggb e¨env‡ii m~‡Î mvgvwRKmvs¯‹…wZK BwZnv‡mi cwiPq `vwLj Ki‡jb ˆmq` nK, Zvici wjL‡jb, ÔAvwg mycvwii †`‡ki †jvK, mycvwi‡K Avgiv ejZvg

¸qv| GL‡bv ejv nq|Õ Gici wZwb P‡j †M‡Qb evsjv fvlvq mycvwi k‡ãi Dr‡m, wj‡L‡Qb KweK¼‡Y cvIqv hv‡”Q Ñ Ôenovi e`‡j ¸qv, G-†_‡KB Abygvb nq †`wk enovi wewbg‡q we‡`‡ki ¸qv msMÖn K‡i‡Q evOvwj| mycvwi †h we‡`‡ki, Zvi Av‡iv †Rviv‡jv cÖgvY jywK‡q Av‡Q bvgwUi g‡a¨B| Avie‡`i Rvnv‡R wmsnj †_‡K mgy`ª-mdi K‡i mycvwi Avm‡Zv evsjv‡`‡k, IB mdi †_‡K md&wi, md&wi †_‡K Avgv‡`i Mv‡ji g‡a¨ mycvwi|Õ mycvwii cÖvPxb `yB bvg wZwb D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb, c~M I ¸evK| Kvkxivg `v‡mi gnvfvi‡Zi †mB D‡jøL wZwb wee„Z K‡ib imv‡jvfv‡e| †mBm‡½ K…wËev‡mi ivgvq‡Yi D`vniY nvwRi K‡ib, Ôewm‡Z AvwbTv w`j ¸ev‡Ki cvwU|Õ Zvici AvR‡Ki MÖvg-wew”Qbœ kû‡i cvVK‡`i wPwb‡q w`‡jb †mB cvwU, †j‡Lb, Ômycvwi d‡ji Kwj hLb a‡i, †mB Kwj Rwo‡q _v‡K †Ljbv †bŠKvi g‡Zv nvZLv‡bK j¤^v GKwU †Lvjv| Avgv‡`i I‡`‡k G‡K e‡j †WvOv, Gw`‡Ki gy‡L ïwb †Lvmv, GB †Lvmv ev †Lvjv ev †WvOvwU ïwK‡q, Zvi Mv †_‡K Auvk †ei K‡i b‡ivg cvwU ˆZwi Kiv hvq| GKR‡bi emvi Rb¨ LyeB m¤§v‡bi G-Avmb, GL‡bv Avgv‡`i I‡`‡k Gi ey‡bvbI Av‡Q, Av`iI Av‡Q|Õ Zvi c‡i wZwb †M‡Qb nv‡ji D`vni‡Y, PÆMÖv‡g kvgmyb bvnvi-nweeyjøvn evnv‡ii evmfe‡b e‡m †jLv KvRx bRiæj Bmjv‡gi KweZvq Ñ evZvqbcv‡k ¸evK Ziæi mvwi| wfbœZi `„wó wb‡q ˆmq` nK wj‡L‡Qb, ÔmvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK KweZvq kã e¨env‡i bRiæ‡ji mvnm, PgK, Avwe®‹vi Avi jvMmBZv †`‡LwQ we¯§q wb‡q| wKš‘ Zuvi e¨w³MZ KweZvq kã cÖ‡qv‡Mi G-we¯§q G‡Kev‡iB †bB| Gme KweZvq wZwb Rvbvjvi PvB‡Z evZvqb c‡_B wb‡R‡K †`‡L‡Qb|Õ Avgv‡`iI we¯§q gvb‡Z nq

45


ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki mvwnZ¨`„wó I wkíwePv‡ii MfxiZvi cwiPq †c‡q, bRiæj-wePv‡i hv †hvM Ki‡Z cv‡i Ab¨Zi gvÎv| Gici wZwb AeZviYv K‡ib nvm¨i‡mi, mvsevw`KZv RM‡Zi GKwbô I †mœncÖeY-AMÖR KvRx †gvnv¤§` B`wim iscy‡iiB mšÍvb, wZwb cvb-¸qvi f³ Ges me©`v _v‡Kb Zv¤^yj i‡m wm³| wZwb mycvwi‡K ej‡Zb mycywi| †jL‡Ki ch©‡eÿY, g‡bB n‡Z cv‡i KjKvZvq eûw`b wQ‡jb, mvsevw`KZvq Zuvi nv‡ZLwoB n‡qwQj KjKvZvq, †mB m~‡Î `v`v‡`i KvQ †_‡K wZwb †evanq KjKvËvBqv D”PviYwU †c‡qwQ‡jb Ñ mycywi| Avgvi wKš‘ aviYv wfbœ| wZwb cvb-¸qv †L‡Zb e‡jB mycvwi Lye cÖ‡qvRbxqfv‡eB Zuvi D”Pvi‡Y mycywi n‡q hvq| cvb-¸qv wPwe‡q wPwe‡q gyL hLb †ek im¯’, ZLb mycvwi ejyb| †`L‡eb, mycvwi ej‡ZB †VuvU duvK n‡q Qwo‡q co‡Q| im †ewi‡q gyL gvLvgvwL nIqvi †RvMvo| wKš‘ ejyb mycywi Ñ †VuvU ¸wU‡qB iB‡Q, im GKUzI coevi †Rv †bB Ñ cvb-¸qvi imv‡jv gRvwUI gvwU nIqvi m¤¢vebv †bB| Ggwbfv‡e Z_¨, ZË¡, wRÁvmv I wePvi-we‡køl‡Yi ZiwY evB‡Z evB‡Z wZwb †cuŠ‡Q hvb Dcmsnv‡i, AbwZ`xN© iPbvi BwZ-Uv‡bb cwiev‡ii gv‡q‡`i e„Ëv‡šÍ, kZ©v w`‡q KvUv mycvwi †_‡K ˆZwi bKkvi †mŠ›`h© Dc‡fv‡M Ges †j‡Lb, `xN© GB DׄwZ, Zey Gi kiY wb‡Z nq, ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki gv‡qi cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv, Rxe‡bi cÖwZ AbyivM Ges Rxeb-Ae‡jvKb kw³ †evSvi Rb¨| wZwb †j‡Lb : evwoi †cQ‡b GKUv mycvwii MvQ jvwM‡qwQjvg †mB K‡e| Avgvi gv KzwoMÖv‡gi wMwbœ| †mB †Kvb Kv‡j weaev nIqvi ci wZwb cvb-¸qv a‡i‡Qb| †Q‡ji evwoi Rwgi mycvwi LvIqv‡ev Zuv‡K, MvQUv ZvB jvMv‡bv| Mv‡Q mycvwi G‡j Rvbvjv w`‡q wZwb †`L‡Zb| AvgviI †Pv‡L coZ Ñ GB meyR cvbœvi g‡Zv mycvwi a‡i‡Q, GB †mvbvi wW‡gi g‡Zv is a‡i D‡V‡Q, GB AvwKK cv_‡ii g‡Zv ev`vwg n‡q Avm‡Q| Gevi †c‡o †dj‡Z nq| gv wb‡Ri nv‡Z mycvwi evQvB Ki‡Zb, †iv‡` w`‡Zb, kZ©v w`‡q `ydvwj Ki‡Zb| GL‡bv Avwg gvSLv‡b KvUv mycvwii ey‡K bKkvi Zzj¨ bKkv †`wL bv Avi †Kv‡bv d‡j| †QvÆ, gv_v P¨vcUv, e„‡Ëi AvaLvbv, gvSLv‡b mv`v kuvm, `yÕw`‡K cvZvi wPKb wk‡ii g‡Zv mv`v Avi L‡qwi i‡Oi kuvm| G‡Kev‡i AvswU‡Z euvwa‡q ivLvi g‡Zv| gv P‡j †M‡jb nVvr K‡iB kx‡Zi GK †fvi‡ejv| Zvici †_‡KB †`wL GK AevK KvÐ| MvQUv auv-auv K‡i †e‡oB P‡j‡Q| †`vZjviI Qv` Qvwc‡q AvRI †m evo‡QB| †hb Zvi mycvwi‡K †m AvKv‡k Avgvi gv‡qi Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q †`‡eB GB Zvi cY| mycvwi †c‡o GLb Avwg eyqv‡`i wewj‡q w`B| Avgvi gvI †Zv mvivRxeb eyqvi g‡ZvB †L‡U †M‡Qb msmv‡i| hw` †e‡nk&Z _v‡K, hw` wZwb †e‡nk&Z cvbB, Avgvi wek¦vm †mLv‡bI Zuv‡K eyqvi RxebB †`qv n‡e| †e‡nk&Z †Zv cyiæ‡li †Pv‡LB fv‡m| Ggb †h-iPbv †mLv‡b Av‡iv †`wL myß i‡q‡Q `~i KzwoMÖvg I kni XvKvi g‡a¨ Ø›Ø-mgvnv‡ii cwiPq, wek kZ‡Ki evsjvq MÖvg I kn‡ii g‡a¨Kvi m¤ú‡K©i Ab¨Zi gvÎv| bMivqY μgk cvj‡U w`‡”Q Rxeb, MÖvg †_‡K gvbyl D‡V Avm‡Q kn‡i, KzwoMÖvg MÖvg bq e‡U, Z‡e gd¯^‡ji †QvU kni, MÖvg-msjMœ †Zv e‡UB, XvKv Zvi Kv‡Q A‡bK `~ieZx© bMix| KzwoMÖvg †_‡K ·qv`kelx©q evjK G‡mwQj kn‡i wkÿvi DbœZ my‡hvM MÖn‡Yi Rb¨, j²xevRv‡i Ae¯’vb K‡i cowQj K‡jwR‡qU ¯‹z‡j| Zvic‡i KweZv Kxfv‡e Zuvi Rxeb AvcøyZ K‡i Zzjj, kni

46

Kxfv‡e n‡jv RxebweKv‡ki Aej¤^b, †mm‡ei KZ-bv e„ËvšÍ Qwo‡q Av‡Q Zuvi †jLvq, ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjvq i‡q‡Q Gi D¾¡j cÖwZdjb| MÖvg †Q‡o kn‡ii w`‡K Zuvi hvÎv, bMi‡K Avwj½b Kievi ga¨ w`‡q e„nËi Rxe‡b Awaôvb, GLv‡b ˆmq` n‡Ki m‡½ Av‡iv A‡bK †jLK-wkíx-mvwnwZ¨‡Ki wgj Avgiv Lyu‡R cve, wKš‘ cwiYZ eq‡m, mvwn‡Z¨i ivRgyKzU gv_vq aviY K‡i wZwb Avevi wdi‡jb KzwoMÖv‡g, mvwnwZ¨K †mB cÖZ¨veZ©b Zuvi Rxe‡b KZfv‡eB bv cjøweZ n‡q DVj, KZ-iKg Bkviv I wPýB bv †i‡L †Mj| Km‡gvcwjUvb GB gvbylwU †Zv bMi‡K AvkÖq K‡iB †e‡o D‡V‡Qb, m„wókxjZvi eûgyLx cÖKv‡k mwμq †_‡K‡Qb| wb‡R‡K wZwb mw¾Z Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb bvMwiK iƒ‡c, Zuvi †mB †Póvi GK evnvwi AeqeI wQj; wKš‘ AšÍ‡ii MfxiZg cÖ‡`‡k KzwoMÖvg KL‡bv Zuv‡K †Q‡o hvqwb, bMi-e›`bvi Agb Zvrch©gq `xN© KweZv‡ZI ZvB nVvr Sj‡m I‡V KzwoMÖvg, Kv‡jv Kwd, wbq‡bi Av‡jv, Wvewjb XvKvi GKvKvi n‡q hvIqv, wbm‡M©i †UKwbKvjvi, me Qvwc‡q cvB †mB evjK‡K, MÖvg †_‡K GK`v †h hvÎv K‡iwQj kn‡ii w`‡K, wek kZ‡Ki mgvR-AwfÁZvi hv Ab¨Zg cÖavb cÖeYZv, wZwb †j‡Lb, ÔZzwg bxj myU‡K‡k e‡q G‡bwQ‡j/ KzwoMÖvg †_‡K Zvi μz× aijvi/ GKwU K‡jøvj Avi AvK‡›`i cvZv/ Avi k¨vg‡ji Qwe|Õ bxj my¨U‡K‡m e‡q Avbv mvgMÖx †_‡K †jL‡Ki gyw³ Avi N‡U bv, hw`I wZwb P‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb eû`~i| 1969 mv‡ji MY-Afz¨Ìv‡bi ¯^íKvj ci f‚ZMÖ‡¯’i g‡Zv †jLv GB KweZvq evsjv I evsjv‡`k †R‡M I‡V evievi, hw`I c„_K ¯^vaxb †`‡ki ¯^cœ ZL‡bv gvby‡li AšÍ‡i cvLv †g‡jwb, wKš‘ Kwei Abyf‡e Zv †hb ev¯Íe n‡q IVvi AvKzwZ cÖKvk K‡i| Zvici ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki hvÎv XvKv †_‡K jÛ‡b, `xN© cÖevm Rxeb mv½ K‡i Ab¨Zi Av‡iK gvbyl wd‡i Av‡mb XvKvq, w¯’Z nb †g‡UªvcwjUvb bMix‡Z; wKš‘ KzwoMÖv‡gi WvK, `yišÍ aijvi AwfNvZ †_‡K gy³ n‡Z cv‡ib bv, ARv‡šÍB eywS bvMwiK AvB‡WbwUwU μ‡g Zuvi Kv‡Q †MŠY n‡Z _v‡K, bvbvfv‡e N‡U Gi cÖKvk, eofv‡e Avgiv †`wL R‡jk¦ixi Mí-Dcb¨vm-K_KZvq| GgbwK Agb †h ZË¡-Zvjvwk iPbv K_v mvgvb¨B, mycvwi wb‡q Av‡jvPbv‡ZI evievi wZwb e‡jb, ÔAvgv‡`i I‡`‡kÕ Ges ÔGw`‡KÕ, ÔG‡`‡kÕ, cÙv b`x †cwi‡q †h-XvKvq wZwb G‡m‡Qb, wb‡R †hgb eiY K‡i‡Qb bMi‡K, †Zgwb bMiI Zuv‡K Avwj½b K‡i‡Q mv`‡i, Zvic‡iI †Kv_vI †hb i‡q hvq wew”QbœZv, wehyw³, G-†`k Ges Avgv‡`i I-†`k| g‡b n‡Z cv‡i, Gfv‡e LÐ-weLÐ n‡q c‡o gvbyl, †`‡ki †fZ‡i †R‡M _v‡K Av‡iK †`k, Ae‡nwjZ, `~ieZx©, cwiZ¨³; wØLwÐZ mËv wb‡q P‡jb Kwe| Z‡e LЇK eiY K‡i AL‡Ði mvabvi g‡a¨B eywS †g‡j Rxe‡bi mgxKiY, wKsev ejv hvq mgxKiY nq‡Zv KL‡bv wgj‡e bv, wKš‘ wgj‡bi †mB mvabv K‡i †h‡Z n‡e Rxebfi| Avi ZvB wehyw³i †e`bvq wQbœwfbœ mËv wb‡q n‡jI UMe‡M ZiæY Kwe wjL‡Z cv‡ib ˆekv‡Li A‡gvN cO&w³gvjv, D”PviY K‡ib, Ôwc½j RUvq/ †mªv‡Zi cÖcvZ wb‡q †nu‡U hv‡ev Avwg,/ ¯§„wZi mvM‡i| R‡b¥ R‡b¥ evievi/ Kwe n‡q wd‡i Avme Avwg evsjvq|Õ wd‡i wZwb G‡m‡Qb evsjvq, †g‡Uªvcwjm †_‡K wdi‡jb wekwU MÖvgmgwó wb‡q M‡o-IVv kni KzwoMÖv‡g, evsjviB wbweo AvkÖ‡q| bMix‡K wZwb Rvbv‡jb we`vq, †klkh¨v cvZ‡jb KzwoMÖv‡g, RxebPμ Kx AmvaviYfv‡eB-bv mgvcb Ki‡jb wZwb, i‡q †M‡jb evsjvi gvwU, Rj, nvIqv I †Pv‡Li cvZvi m‡½ wg‡k, †cQ‡b c‡o iBj †MvUv c„w_ex, KweZvi gvbefzeb, hv wQj Zuvi gvbmfzeb| r


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b¥ZvwiL (27-12-1935) I g„Zz¨ZvwiL (27-09-2016) †hb KweZvi g‡Zv wg‡j †Mj| `yB evsjv wg‡j †Mj Av‡e‡M, kÖ×vq, `yt‡L, †kv‡K| Ggb cÖwZfv‡K †KB-ev nviv‡Z Pvq, whwb e‡jb Ñ wK Av‡Q †Zvgvi `¨v‡k? b`x Av‡Q? Av‡Q bvwK Ni? N‡ii wfZ‡i Av‡Q civ‡bi wbK‡U †h _v‡K? DËi wm_v‡b MvQ, †mB Mv‡Q cvwLi †KvUi Av‡Q bvwK? cvwLiv wK gvby‡li Mjv wbqv Wv‡K? Avgvi †Zv `¨vk bvB, b`x bvB, Ni bvB, †jvK, Avgvi weQv‡b bvB †mvnv‡Mi Zuv‡Zi Pv`i, Avgvi †eovq Lvwj B›`y‡ii eo eo †dvK, 47


Avgvi †eevK dzj Kvd‡bi Bivbxi AvZi| †Zvgvi wK mva¨ Av‡Q wbqv hvI GBLvb w_Kv, Avgvi Rxeb wbqv K‡iv Zzwg mvZbix wQKv| whwb g„Zz¨ Avmbœ †R‡b, Rxe‡bi mgq e‡ov ZvovZvwo dzwi‡q Avm‡Q †R‡b, Av‡iv PviwU bvUK †jLvi Kv‡R nvZ †`b, g„Zz¨kh¨vq cÖvq `y‡kv KweZv wj‡L †d‡jb, wZwb wK mvaviY †KD! bv, †gv‡UB bq| wZwb eZ©gvb evsjv‡`‡ki Ôme¨mvPx †jLKÕ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| cwiwPZR‡bi nKfvB| G-†jLv hLb Pj‡Q ZLb Zuvi g„Zz¨i eqm m‡e `yw`b| ÔKK©UÕnvbvq huv‡K P‡j †h‡Z n‡jv Ag„Z‡jv‡K : bv-†divi †`‡k| Zuvi m¤ú‡K© wKQy †jLvi gva¨‡g kÖ×vN©¨ Rvbv‡bv GK †kÖôZg c_ e‡jB g‡b nq| ZvB G-†jLvi AeZviYv| `xN©vqy (cÖvq 81 eQi) †jL‡Ki RxebI Lye `xN©| cÖvq 62 eQ‡ii| AvÿwiK A‡_©B wZwb Rxe‡bi †kl w`b ch©šÍ wj‡L †M‡Qb| g„Zz¨kh¨vq wZwb e‡j †M‡Qb, Zuvi ¯¿x cÖL¨vZ mvwnwZ¨K Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK, KL‡bv ev cyÎ wØZxq ˆmq` nK Zv wjwce× K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi `xN© mvwnwZ¨K Rxe‡b mvwn‡Z¨i mg¯Í kvLv‡ZB wZwb wbR¯^ m„Rbx cÖwZfvi ¯^vÿi †i‡L‡Qb| KweZv, Dcb¨vm, bvUK, †QvUMí, Abyev` Ñ m‡e‡ZB wZwb mvejxj| ¯^”Q›`| †mB Kvi‡YB Zuv‡K Ôme¨mvPx †jLKÕ ejv nq| Zuvi †jLvi ¯^xK…wZ wn‡m‡e AmsL¨ cyi¯‹vimn evsjv‡`k miKvi KZ…©K cÖ`Ë m‡e©v”P †emvgwiK m¤§vb ÔGKz‡k c`KÕI wZwb cvb 1984 mv‡j| Zuvi Rb¥ 27 wW‡m¤^i, 1935, KzwoMÖvg, †e½j †cÖwm‡WwÝ, weªwUk fviZ| g„Zz¨, 27 †m‡Þ¤^i, 2016| BDbvB‡UW nvmcvZvj, XvKv, evsjv‡`k| Avwg G-†jLvq Zuvi eûavwe¯Í…Z mvwnZ¨K‡g©i g‡a¨ gvÎ GKwU bvUK b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb wb‡q wKQy K_v wjLe| ZviI GKUv msMZ KviY Av‡Q| weMZ mvZ-AvU gvm (gvP© 2016 †_‡K) GB b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb bvUKwUi m‡½B hvcb K‡iwQ| GL‡bv K‡i P‡jwQ| A_©vr G-eQi ÔKj¨vYx bvU¨PP©v †K‡›`ªÕi bvU¨ cÖ‡hvRbv GB b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb| G-bvU‡Ki GKwU Pwi‡Î Avwg Awfbq Kwi| ZvB MZ †ek wKQy gvm GB cÖ‡hvRbvi m‡½ hy³ mK‡jB Ôb~ij`x‡bÕi m‡½ hvcb K‡iwQ| G-hvcb GL‡bv eZ©gvb| GKUv Ô†U·UÕ wb‡q GZUv AšÍi½Zvi myev‡` wKQy K_v wb‡RiI ˆZwi n‡q hvq| †mB fvebv †_‡KB G-†jLvi cwiKíbv| Zvi Av‡M GKUv Avi †Kv‡bvw`b bv-†gUv Av‡ÿ‡ci K_v e‡j wbB| AvMvgx wW‡m¤^‡i (2016) Avgv‡`i ÔKj¨vYx bvU¨PP©v †K‡›`ªÕi HwZn¨evnx Ôbv‡U¨vrm‡eÕ b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb (25-12-2016) bvUKwU †`L‡Z ¯^qs ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Avm‡eb e‡j w¯’i wQj| wKš‘ Av‡iv GKevi cÖgvY n‡jv, G-c„w_exi †Kv‡bv wKQyB w¯’i bq| Iui mvg‡b IuiB †jLv| Ab¨Zg †kÖô bvU‡K Awfbq K‡i Iu‡K kÖ×v Rvbv‡bvi G-weij my‡hvM G‡m wM‡qwQj Avgv‡`i mvg‡b| wKš‘ Zv Avi nIqvi bq| G-Av‡ÿc AbšÍ| hvi m‡½ MZ K‡qK gv‡mi wbweoZv, NwbôZv, Avwm †mB b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb cÖm‡½| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i cÖ_g `kwU Kve¨bv‡U¨i bvg Ki‡Z †M‡j cÖ_g w`‡KB ¯’vb w`‡Z nq GB bvUKwU‡K| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK mvivRxe‡b Avi wKQy hw` bvI iPbv Ki‡Zb, ïay b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxe‡bi Rb¨ wZwb Agi n‡q _vK‡Zb, G-K_v ejv‡Z †Kv‡bv AZz¨w³ nq bv| Kve¨ K‡iK‡i A‡bK kãwkíx A‡bK mvwnZ¨ wbg©vY K‡i‡Qb| wKš‘ Zuv‡`i cÖwZ m¤ú~Y© kÖ×v †i‡LI ej‡Z nq, ˆmq` n‡Ki G-m„wó cÖvq

48

A‡jŠwKK| GK_v GKvšÍB wbR¯^ Dcjwä †_‡K ejwQ| GB bvUKwU‡Z Awfbq Kivi Rb¨ cÖ¯‘Z n‡Z-n‡Z cÖwZgyn~‡Z© wew¯§Z n‡qwQ| KviY G‡K BwZnvmwbf©i wKQy PwiÎ, Zvi m‡½ GKUv mwZ¨Kv‡ii we‡`ªvn| ZviI m‡½ wKQy KvíwbK PwiÎ wg‡jwg‡k ˆZwi G-Kve¨bvU¨| eo wkíx ev gnr wkíx wKsev AwZkw³gvb wkíx bv n‡j G-bvUK †g‡jvWªvgv n‡q hvIqvi Avk¼v _vKZ| Kve¨-iƒcKí-AšÍM©Z †eva-BwZnvm-Kíbv-A‡gvNZv-ev¯ÍeZvms‡e` Ñ nvZ aivawi K‡i wg‡k‡Q, wg‡j‡Q G-Kve¨bv‡U¨| bvU¨Kvi bvUKwU iPbv Ki‡Z wM‡q e‡j‡Qb Ñ BwZnvm †_‡K Avwg †c‡qwQ b~ij`xb, `qvkxj I ¸Wj¨vW‡K; Kíbvq Avwg wbg©vY K‡i wb‡qwQ AveŸvm, Avw¤^qv, wjm‡e_, Ugmb I gwim‡K| b~ij`x‡bi AvZ¥v I †cÖiYv Avwg BwZnv‡mi †fZi †_‡K msMÖn K‡iwQ| Zuvi e¨w³MZ Rxeb I gvbwmK msKU Avwg m¤¢eciZvi †ÿÎ †_‡K Avwe®‹vi K‡i wb‡qwQ| (b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb : Ômwebq wb‡e`bÕ Ask) G-bvUK HwZnvwmK bq| Z‡e BwZnvm-Aejw¤^Z| gvÎ wZbwU PwiÎ BwZnvmm¤§Z| evwK me PwiÎB KvíwbK| NUbv BwZnvm¯^xK…Z| GKwU ARvbv AL¨vZ ¯’vwbK we‡`ªvn‡K g~j †K‡›`ª †i‡L, GKRb wecøex gvby‡li K‡qK mßv‡ni Amdj we‡`ªvn‡K wb‡q †h-Rxeb‡e` bvU¨Kvi iPbv K‡i‡Qb Zv ZzjbviwnZ| Avgv‡`i †`‡ki Ggb A‡bK †QvU †QvU we‡`ªvn BwZnv‡mi cvZvq ¯’vb cvqwb| †KD Zv wb‡q fv‡ebIwb| wKš‘ G-K_vI †Zv mZ¨ †h, GB †QvU-†QvU we‡`ªvn Avm‡j GKwU †`‡ki Ô†gvwUdÕ‡KB Zz‡j a‡iwQj| †mw`K †_‡K GB we‡`ªvn¸‡jv gvby‡li ü`‡qi cwiPvqK| GKwU RvwZ GiKg bvbv Av‡›`vjb-msMÖv‡gi ga¨ w`‡q wbwg©Z nq| n‡q‡Q| †mB †QvU BwZnvm eo HwZnvwm‡Kiv fz‡j †M‡jI †KD-†KD Zv‡K †jLvq ev•gq K‡i †Zv‡jb| fwel¨r RvwZ‡K AZxZ m¤ú‡K© g‡b Kwi‡q †`b| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †mB gnvb `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i‡Qb G-bvU‡K| GB BwZnvm Awef³ evsjvi| Awef³ fviZe‡l©i| civaxb fviZe‡l©i K…lK-mvaviY wb‡Ri gvwUi AwaKv‡ii Rb¨, wb‡Ri ¯^vaxbZvi Rb¨ evievi msNe× n‡q‡Qb| we‡`ªvn K‡i‡Qb| GgbB GK we‡`ªvn n‡qwQj 1783 mv‡ji 18 Rvbyqvwi, b~ij`xb bv‡g GK AKz‡Zvfq ex‡ii †bZ…‡Z¡| GB ex‡ii bvg m¤ú‡K© bvU¨Kvi bvU‡Ki f‚wgKvq e‡jb Ñ HwZnvwmK mycÖKvk ivq bvgwU wj‡L‡Qb b~iæjDwÏb, Avgiv eje IUv n‡e b~iæÏxb, wKš‘ Avwg e¨envi K‡iwQ Ñ b~ij`xb, iscy‡ii mvaviY gvby‡liv †hgbwU D”PviY Ki‡e| Awef³ evsjvi iscy‡ii (i½cyi) wWgjv, KvwKbv, †Ucv, cvskv, KvwRinvU, d‡Zcyi cÖf…wZ A‡ji K…lKiv RvwZ-ag© wbwe©‡k‡l b~ij`x‡bi †bZ…‡Z¡ GB we‡`ªv‡n Ask wb‡qwQ‡jb| Kv‡`i weiæ‡× wQj GB we‡`ªvn? Aek¨B Bs‡iR‡`i weiæ‡×| Bs‡iR‡`i m‡½ hy³ G‡`kxq Rwg`vi‡`i weiæ‡×I †`kxq RbMY GK‡RvU n‡qwQ‡jb| G-NUbvB bvU‡K D‡V G‡m‡Q| bvU‡K †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q jW© Iqv‡ib †nw÷sm 1772-73 mvj †_‡K †Kv¤úvwbi ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi ¯^Z¡ wewµ K‡ib †`kxq Rwg`vi‡`i Kv‡Q| †mB m~‡Î †`ex wms 1781-83 ch©šÍ iscy‡i ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi ¯^Z¡ cvb| G-¯^Z¡ †c‡qB wZwb ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi bv‡g K…lK‡`i Ici fqvbK AZ¨vPvi ïiæ K‡ib| GB Amnbxq AZ¨vPv‡ii d‡j K…lKiv we‡`ªvnx n‡q I‡Vb| wKš‘ †jd‡Ub¨v›U


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Z‡e bvU¨Kv‡ii gyL¨ D‡Ïk¨ Aek¨B wQj †`kxq BwZnvm‡K eY©bv Kiv| †m-eY©bv LyeB ¯úó| Mfxi| KL‡bv Zv Av‡eMgq| KL‡bv e¨Äbvagx©| Avevi KL‡bv Zv Dcgvagx©| †hme DcKi‡Yi ¸‡Y cÖK…Z KvjRqx mvwnZ¨ iwPZ nq, Zvi meB G-bvU‡K we`¨gvb| b~ij`x‡bi gy‡Li GKwU msjvc G-cÖm‡½ D×vi‡hvM¨ : cywbœgvi Pvb eo nq †i aej| Rbbxi `y‡»i gZb Zvi `¨v‡Luv †ivkbvB| Ggb cweÎ Dcgv wek¦mvwn‡Z¨ AZzjbxq| G-DcgvB †Zv Rxe‡bi Ab¨Zi m‡Z¨ †cuŠ‡Q †`q `k©K-cvVK‡K, hv mvwn‡Z¨i mZ¨| ev¯Í‡ei m‡½ nq‡Zv Zvi wgj †bB| wKsev Av‡Q| Avi GKwU cÖm‡½i AeZviYv K‡i Kjg _vgve| †mwU n‡jv Ñ bvUK `„k¨Kve¨, Zvi mvdj¨ memg‡qB Awfb‡q| wKš‘ G-bvU‡Ki cvV¨¸YI D”Pgv‡bi| ïay cvV K‡iB cvV‡Ki imZ…wß N‡U| Z‡e m‡e©vcwi GK_v ejv hvq, Kj¨vYx bvU¨PP©v †K›`ª b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb g‡Â †hfv‡e cÖ‡qvM K‡i‡Q, Awfbq K‡i‡Q Ñ Zv mwZ¨-mwZ¨B Ab¨ ai‡bi i‡mi †RvMvb †`q| A‡bK A‡Pbv Abyf‚wZ‡K LuywP‡q †`q| me‡k‡l bvU¨Kvi ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KvjRqx G-bvUK Kv‡ji wePv‡i DËxY© n‡e e‡jB wek¦vm Kwi| KviY, Ggb †jLv, Ggb Kve¨bvU¨ evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ GKwU-`ywUB nq| r

49


ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZv

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_vmvwnZ¨ I bvUK iPbvi cÖve‡j¨ Kwe wn‡m‡e ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Qb Kg| GKB m‡½ K_vmvwnZ¨ I KweZvi PP©v K‡ib Ggb †jL‡Ki Kwe-cwiwPwZ †h-Kvi‡Y wKQyUv XvKv c‡o hvq Zv n‡jv, KweZvi cvVK me †`‡kB AZ¨šÍ Kg Ges GKB e¨w³i nv‡Z iwPZ Mí-Dcb¨v‡mi cvV‡Ki msL¨v †ewk e‡j wZwb †ewk cwiwPZ n‡q I‡Vb K_vwkíx wn‡m‡e| ˆmq` n‡Ki †ejvq Zv-B N‡U‡Q| eyׇ`e emyi †¶‡ÎI †`Lv †M‡Q, cÖeÜ-Mí-Dcb¨vmmn eûwKQy wj‡L‡Qb e‡j ARmª D¾¡j KweZv iPbv K‡iI Kwe wn‡m‡e Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Qb Zuvi mnhvÎx Kwe‡`i †P‡q Kg| cÂv‡ki `k‡Ki me‡P‡q ˆewPΨwejvmx Kwe ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| Zuvi GB wewPÎZv KweZvi welqe¯‘ †_‡K ïiæ K‡i wbg©vY‰kjx‡ZI cÖwZdwjZ| wbwØ©avq ejv hvq, cÂv‡ki Ab¨ wZb cÖavb Kwe kvgmyi ivngvb, Avj gvngy` I knx` Kv`ixi Zzjbvq ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wbqZB bZzbZ¡‡K Avwj½b Ki‡Z m‡Pó wQ‡jb| 50


g‡b c‡o, W. ûgvqyb AvRv` hLb kvgmyi ivngvb/ wbtm½ †kicv eBwU‡Z kvgmyi ivngvb‡K cÂv‡ki GKK Hk¦h©kvjx Kwe e‡j †kicvi g‡Zv wkLi¯úkx© cÖgvY Kivq †PwóZ wQ‡jb, ZLb ˆmq` nK Ô†kicv wbtm½ bqÕ e‡j GKUv cÖwZev`x †jLv wj‡LwQ‡jb| cÂv‡ki Ab¨Zg cÖavb Kwe wn‡m‡e wb‡Ri Aw¯Í‡Z¡i Rvbvb w`‡ZB g~jZ wZwb †mB †jLvwU wj‡LwQ‡jb| Zuvi GB AvZ¥wek¦vm webv Kvi‡Y ˆZwi nqwb| wZwbI cÂv‡ki `k‡Ki GKRb AZ¨šÍ kw³gvb Kwe| m¤cÖwZ Pviæwjwc cÖKvkb †_‡K Pvi L‡Ð ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZvmgMÖ cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| KweZvi wbg©vY‰kjx welqK Av‡jvPbvq AšÍf©y³ nIqvi `vwe iv‡L Ggb cuvPwU Kve¨bvU¨ : cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq, b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb, GLv‡b GLb, MYbvqK Ges Cl©vI cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q GKB cÖKvkbv ms¯’v †_‡K| Avgvi Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ DcvË msMÖ‡ni Aej¤^b GLb G¸‡jvB wKš‘ g~j MÖš’¸‡jvi wk‡ivbvg gy‡Q w`‡q Kwe wb‡RB Av‡jvPK‡`i KvRUv‡K KwVb K‡i Zz‡j‡Qb| GKwU avivbyµwgK Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ g~j MÖš’¸‡jvi Ici wbf©i KivI hv‡”Q bv; KviY cÖ‡ekj‡Mœi g~j MÖ‡š’i A‡bK KweZv wZwb ev` w`‡q bZzb KweZv †hvRbv K‡i‡Qb| G-wel‡q Kwe GKwU e¨vL¨vI w`‡q‡Qb cÖ_g L‡Ði f‚wgKviƒcx Zuvi ÔcÖm½-K_vÕq : c‡e© c‡e© Avgvi †h KweZvi eB¸‡jv †ewi‡q‡Q 1961 †_‡K, msKjb Ki‡Z e‡m Zv‡`i eB-bv‡gB wef³ ivLevi Ges mbv³ Kievi `iKvi ZL‡bv †`wL wb, GL‡bv †`LwQ bv| GKRb Kwei KweZv‡K Zvi Awew”Qbœ m„wócÖev‡nB †`Lv fv‡jv| ZviciI, AMÖMgb e‡j GKUv K_v Av‡Q; ZvB wKQy wKQy KweZvi wb‡P ZvwiL †`qv n‡jv Gev‡i| cyiv‡bv LvZv¸‡jv Luy‡R †`‡L hZUv mÜvb cvIqv †M‡Q, ZvwiL ewm‡qwQ| Avwg Avgvi Av‡jvPbvq †mB ZvwiL¸‡jv bq, eis KweZv gy`ª‡Yi µg AbymiY K‡i AMÖmi n‡qwQ Ges Kwei KweZvmg‡MÖ g~j MÖ‡š’i bvg †bB e‡j Avgv‡KI †Kej KweZvi bvg w`‡qB Kg© mvi‡Z n‡”Q Ñ MÖš’m~Î D‡jø­L Ki‡Z cviwQ bv, Kwei Dc‡iv³ B”Qvi cÖwZ kÖ×v Rvwb‡q| Z‡e, ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv, civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi Ges Kve¨bvUK¸‡jvi bv‡gv‡jøL­ Awbevh© e‡jB Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| hw`I Kwei wb‡Ri fvlvq Ôc‡e© c‡e©Õ †ei-nIqv Zuvi KweZvi eB¸‡jv‡K ÔeB-bv‡gB wef³ ivLevi Ges mbv³ Kievi `iKviÕ g‡b K‡ibwb wZwb, Av‡jvPbvi myweav‡_© Avwg Zuvi KweZvmg‡MÖi G‡KKwU LЇKB G‡KKwU ce© wn‡m‡e a‡i wb‡qwQ| Z‡e, wecwËi wkKvi n‡qwQ Z…Zxq L‡Ði A‡bK ¯’v‡b cÖ_g L‡Ði A‡bK KweZvi cybive„wË †`‡L| wKQy wKQy KweZvi cybg©y`ªY Aek¨ B”QvK…Z, KviY G¸‡jv‡K ejv n‡q‡Q ÔwØZxq cvVÕ| Avwg †h gy`ªYcÖgv`RwbZ cybive„wËi K_v ejwQ Zv G¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© bq| Av‡Mi Lи‡jv‡Z gyw`ªZ A‡bK KweZv Z…Zxq L‡Ð Qvcv n‡q‡Q †Kv‡bviƒc cwieZ©b QvovB| ZvB, G¸‡jv‡K ÔwØZxq cvVÕ Awfavq MÖnY Kiv hvq bv| Ggb gvivZ¥K gy`ªYcÖgv` KL‡bv Avgvi †Pv‡L c‡owb Ab¨ Kv‡iv KweZv-msKj‡b| ˆmq` n‡Ki mgMÖ KweZvi we‡ePbvq wZwb G‡`‡ki gvwU-gvbyl-ivRbxwZ I mgvRjMœ n‡jI cÖ_g w`KKvi iPbvq †KejB wQ‡jb AšÍg©ywLbZv, AvZ¥‰RewbKZv I bv›`wbKZvq wbweó, †hgb wQ‡jb †ek wKQyKvj kvgmyi ivngvb| Gici ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZvq RbRxeb, ivRbxwZ I mgvRjMœZv Ny‡i-Ny‡i G‡m‡Q A_©vr duv‡K-duv‡K AvZ¥‰RewbKZv, †cÖg I bv›`wbKZvi PP©v K‡i Avev‡iv RbRxeb I mgvRjMœZvi w`‡K Szu‡K‡Qb wZwb|

GKwUgvÎ `xN© KweZv wb‡q cÖKvwkZ ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjvi ch©vq ch©šÍ Zuvi gvbm‡jv‡K wµqvkxj wQj GB AšÍgy©wLbZv| ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv GKwU g‡bvjMRvZxq `xN© KweZv, hvi K_K GKRb Kwe, whwb Zuvi ˆK‡kvi I †hŠe‡bi bvbv NUbvi Abyl½, bv›`wbK fvebv Ges Aíwe¯Íi mgv‡Ri K_vI cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb Ggb GK fw½‡Z, hv‡K Avgiv cwðgv‡`i fvlvq Ôw÷ªg Ae Kbkvm‡bmÕ e‡j Rvwb| g‡bvj‡Mi fw½‡ZB wZwb GB MÖ‡š’ AvZ¥‰RewbKZvi m‡½ my‡KŠk‡j weªwUkkvwmZ evsjvi Ges evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡×i cÖv°v‡j weivRgvb mvgvwRK Aw¯’iZvi wPÎ Gu‡K‡Qb wKQy cwigv‡Y Ges †m-we‡ePbvq GB ce© †_‡KB Zuvi KweZvq RbRxebjMœZv LvwbKUv AvfvwmZ n‡q I‡V| Gici Lye `ªæZB wZwb n‡q I‡Vb cÖejfv‡e ewngy©Lx| GKch©v‡q G‡m AšÍg©yLx kvgmyi ivngvbI ewng©yLxbZv I mgvRfvebvq RvwiZ n‡qwQ‡jb; wKš‘ Zuvi †mB †gvo-†div cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q †Kej gvbm‡jv‡Ki weeZ©‡b; ˆmq` n‡Ki ewng©yLxbZv Z_v mgvRfvebv cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q Zuvi fvlvfw½ Ges wbg©vYKjvi weeZ©‡bI| RbRxe‡bi cÖm½ I Abyl½ ïay bq, RbRxe‡b cÖPwjZ fvlv‡KI wZwb bZzb gh©v`v `vb K‡i‡Qb civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi MÖš’fz³ D¾¡j wKQy m‡b‡U Ges cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq I b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb bv‡g `ywU Kve¨bv‡U¨i msjv‡c| Ab¨ wZbwU Kve¨bvUK Ñ GLv‡b GLb, MYbvqK I Cl©vi msjv‡c e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q gvbevsjv| ejv evûj¨, Kve¨bvU¨ KweZviB m¤úªmviY| Zey KweZvi wbg©vYKjvi GB we‡køl­ ‡Y Avwg GB Kwei cuvPwU Kve¨bvU‡Ki GKwU‡KI we‡ePbvq ivwLwb †jLvwUi K‡jei e„wׇK Gwo‡q hvIqvi Kvi‡Y| ïay GUzKz e‡j w`B : ga¨hy‡M cvjvMvb iPwqZvMY †h fvOv cqvi I wkw_j ¯^ie„Ë Q›` e¨envi Ki‡Zb ˆmq` nKI Zuvi Kve¨bv‡U¨i msjvc iPbvq GB `ywU Q‡›` Acvi ¯^vaxbZv †fvM K‡i‡Qb| AvÂwjK fvlvq eû Afvebxq iƒcKí e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q, hvi we¯Í…Z Av‡jvPbv wfbœ cwimi `vwe K‡i| ejv cÖ‡qvRb, KweZvq G-ai‡bi †jvKfvlvi Avw` cÖeZ©K Kwe Avnmvb nvexe| cÖgvY¯^iƒc Zuvi `ywU KweZv : ÔnK bvg fimvÕ I ÔQwn R‡½bvgvÕ †_‡K Askwe‡k‡li D×…wZ cÖvmw½K g‡b KiwQ : cyi‡bv jvOj Avi Kv‡¯Í nv‡Z j‡q Kmg †L‡qwQ Avi e‡jwQ †n fvB, G‡mv m‡e, GB¸jv Avevi kvbvB Avevi wRMiKvUv i³ w`‡q jvj evbvB| G¸jv †nvK Xvj-Z‡ivqvj Zv‡`i M`©vb Kv‡Uv, hviv AvPw¤^‡Z Avgv‡`i wR‡›`Mxi kvb †K‡o wb‡Z dw›` K‡i... (ÔnK bvg fimvÕ, Qvqv nwiY) wR¡ ûRyi, Avwg †mB û¾Z mi`vi| Rvb wb‡q †eu‡P AvwQ cvK-ciIqvi †Lv`vI›` Kwi‡gi cig dR‡j| Z‡e wK bv Gjvwni jvb‡Zi d‡j n‡q‡Q Ggb nvj| nvo-gvsmnxb Avwg †mB LvKQvi û¾Z Kwgb| û¾Z mi`vi Avwg gvbyb GwKb| dLi Kwi bv wKQy wQj GKw`b †hw`b †bRvi †Kvc wd‡i‡Q G ey‡K gI‡Zi mvg‡b‡Z †MwQ Zvj Vy‡K

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`yÕPvi ev‡Ni ej wQj Kâvq Wi-fq e‡j wKQy wQj bv wQbvq| (ÔQwn R‡½bvgvÕ, Qvqv nwiY) j¶ Kiv †M‡Q, ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZ¡kw³ ax‡i ax‡i weKwkZ n‡q‡Q| bZzb‡Z¡i mÜv‡b GB Kwe GK w`MšÍ †_‡K avweZ n‡q‡Qb Av‡iK w`M‡šÍi w`‡K| mg‡qi m‡½ ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZ¡kw³ µgkB D¾¡jZi n‡q‡Q Ñ Ab¨ A‡b‡Ki †ÿ‡Î N‡U‡Q hvi Dj‡UvUv| KweZvmg‡MÖi PZz_© L‡Ð msKwjZ Abyev` KweZv¸‡jvI Avgvi Av‡jvPbvi evB‡i i‡q †Mj| GB L‡Ð msKwjZ n‡q‡Q D`y© MR‡ji Abyev` ev Abym„Rb, gvB‡Kj A¨v‡Ä‡jvi KweZv Ges nvwd‡Ri KweZvi Abyev`| PZz_© L‡Ð msKwjZ wkï-wK‡kvi‡`i Rb¨ iwPZ KweZv¸‡jvI msMZ Kvi‡YB Avgvi Av‡jvPbvq ¯’vb cvqwb| AZGe, Kve¨mg‡MÖi cÖ_g wZb L‡Ð msKwjZ KweZv¸‡jv wb‡qB GB Av‡jvPbv| wbg©vYKjv-msµvšÍ g~j Av‡jvPbvq cÖ‡e‡ki Av‡M GB Kwei gvbm‡jv‡Ki µgweeZ©‡bi wKQyUv wPÎ Zz‡j aiv hvK| e‡jwQ : cÖ‡ekj‡Mœi iPbvq ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wQ‡jb AšÍg©ywLbZv, AvZ¥‰RewbKZv I bv›`wbKZvq wbweó| ejvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv, †cÖ‡gi KweZvI GB †kÖwYfy³| ˆmq` n‡Ki cÖ‡ekj‡Mœi wKQy iPbvKg© †_‡K Gme AšÍgy©Lx, AvZ¥‰RewbK KweZvi wKQy D`vniY : †R¨vrmœviv‡Z Nvm Lvq wKewiqvi †Nvov| ev`vwg MÖxevi †iv‡` Puv` gvLvgvwL; Nvm Lvq Ñ Nvm wb‡q †Ljv K‡i †Nvov Ñ mvivivZ Puv‡`i mwnm Av‡jvi AvOy‡j Zvi †Kki eyjvq| (ÔwPÎKi wKewiqvi c‡U †NvovwU‡K †`‡LÕ) Avevi wdi‡e e‡j wM‡q‡Q †h, †d‡i bv †m Avi| Avi ZvB †XD I‡V †XD c‡o †Zvgvi AvZ¥vq eo Ñ eo Ñ †QvU Ñ †QvU Ñ †XD (Ômgy`ª‡KÕ) Avgv‡K †d‡j †Kv_vq Zzwg hv‡e? †hLv‡b hvI AÜ eb, j¶ Zvivi ivZ, e¨_vi g‡Zv evZvm e‡q hv‡e| Avgv‡K Zzwg Gwo‡q e‡jv †Kgb K‡i i‡e? (ÔAvgv‡K †d‡jÕ) mij ˆiwLK bxj KwVb B¯úvZ nq‡Zv †bvqv‡Z cv‡iv| wKš‘ KweZvi mv‡_ b`xi Zzjbv †KD †KD w`‡q _vK‡jI Avm‡j †m ¯^cœ-fvwMi_x kix‡i a‡i bv Rj| Zij nxiK cÖwZfvi m‡ivei †_‡K KjK‡É †b‡g Av‡m wc½j RUvq, c„w_ex‡K k‡m¨i msev` w`‡q AšÍM©Z nq (ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv) ejv cÖ‡qvRb : ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv iwPZ n‡qwQj 1969 mv‡j| Gi Ae¨ewnZ c‡ii mgqwU DËvj wQj bvbv ivR‰bwZK Av‡›`vjb, MYwe‡ùviY Ges gyw³hy‡×i Kvi‡Y| GKvšÍ AvZ¥‰RewbK KweI GB mgqwU‡Z ewng©yLx bv-n‡q cv‡ibwb| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZvqI Gi cÖwZdjb N‡U‡Q| ÔLv`¨ I Lv`KÕ, ÔAvwgI evsjvi †jvKÕ, ÔGwkqvq hw` †Zvgvi

52

Rb¥Õ, Ô†Zmiv †deªæqvix 1970Õ , Ôc‡njv gvP© 1971Õ, Ô†cÖm wi‡cvU©vi‡KÕ, Ô`ycy‡i nVvr KviwdDÕ, ÔGKvˇii cuwP‡k gv‡P©i Amgvß KweZvÕ, ÔA™¢yZ AvMš‘KÕ, ÔmevB‡K †m GLb wR‡Ám K‡iÕ, Ô†eZv‡i wbe©vwmZ Mvq‡Ki Mvb ï‡bÕ, ÔZv wKQy bZzb K_v bqÕ, ÔG †Kgb gnvgvixÕ, ÔRMbœv_ njÕ, ÔAeiæ× kn‡i PZz_© gvmÕ, Ôe`‡j †M‡Q meÕ, Ô†d‡j Avmv MÖvgÕ, Ô†MwijvÕ, ÔDØv¯‘ wkwe‡i hLb mevB Ny‡gÕ, Ômvsevw`K m‡¤§jbÕ Ñ Ggb †ekwKQy KweZvq ˆmq` nK‡K cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv ewng©yLx, RbRxebmsjMœ n‡Z †`Lv hvq| G¸‡jv‡Z †MÖdZvi, nZ¨vhÁ, al©Y, Nievwo‡Z AwMœms‡hvMmn cvwK¯Ívwb †mbv‡`i bvbv ee©iZvi wPÎ AswKZ n‡q‡Q| K‡qKwU DׄwZ : gv‡qi mg¯Í myNÖvY wb‡q †h-wK‡kvi c‡o _vKZ wbweó me eB‡qi cvZvq, Zzwg wK Rv‡bv eviæ‡`i PoP‡o M‡Ü †m GLb cvV bq, iPbv Ki‡Q BwZnvm? Ñ (Ô†Zmiv †deªæqvix 1970Õ) `¨v‡Lv, Avwg wbi¯¿| wKš‘ Avgvi Av‡Q †mB A¯¿ hv wbt‡kwlZ nq bv, cÖwZ e¨env‡i Zx¶è †_‡K Zx¶èZi n‡q I‡V Ñ (Ôc‡njv gvP© 1971Õ) eviv›`vq c‡o Av‡Q jvk| bxj GK wb‡e©va gvwQ| ZviI †P‡q wb‡e©va KzKzi Wv‡K iv¯Ívq, †ivÏy‡ii ¸wjwe× ivRc_ LvwK n‡q hvq (Ô`ycy‡i nVvr KviwdDÕ) KvKWvKv `ycy‡i ˆmwb‡Kiv km¨‡¶Z fv‡O| Puv`-IVv ivwˇi bv‡g †Mwijvi mZK© cÖcvZ (Ô†d‡j Avmv MÖv‡gÕ) gyw³hy‡×i ci RbRxebmsjMœZv †Q‡o Avev‡iv ˆmq` nK Zuvi AšÍ‡j©v‡K Wze †`b; G-ch©v‡q ¶YKv‡ji Rb¨ cÖ‡ekj‡Mœi g‡ZvB †cÖgmn AvZ¥‰RewbKZv I bv›`wbKZvq mg„× KweZv iPbvq wbweó nb wZwb : KL‡bv Kwe‡K Zzwg Lye Kv‡Q wb‡qv bv †Zvgvi, w`‡qv bv `‡ivRv Ly‡j †Zvgvi evwoi ... ... ... Rvgvi †evZvg hw` †Lvjv _v‡K jvwM‡q w`‡qv bv (ÔKL‡bv Kwe‡KÕ) GKRb‡`i evwo‡Z Avgvi hvevi B‡”Q K‡i Ñ †hLv‡b †M‡jB Mvb †kvbv hvq ey‡Ki evMv‡b dzj a‡i hvq †hLv‡b w`‡bi bMœœ kix‡i †R¨vrmœvi Av‡jv c‡o (ÔB”Qv, B”QvÕ) †m ˆZix K‡i Zviv Avgvi kix‡i Zvi †fRv †Vuv‡U c`©vUvbv AÜKv‡i Avi Avwg bxj n‡q c‡o _vwK weQvbvq Ges Puv‡`i g‡Zv Avgvi R•Nv †_‡K †eiæ‡Z _v‡K †RvQ&bv (Ôw¯’iwPÎÕ) G-ch©v‡q, gyw³hy‡×i ci K‡qK eQi, Kwei GB RbRxebwew”QbœZv wQj AZ¨šÍ ¶Y¯’vqx| Gi Ae¨ewnZ ci welqe¯‘i we‡ePbvq AšÍgy©LxbZv, bv›`wbKZv I †cÖg‡K †e‡Q wb‡jI fvlv e¨env‡ii


†e½j wkívj‡q knx` Kwei I Keix mv‡ivqv‡ii m‡½ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †¶‡Î GB Kwe mgvRjMœ n‡q I‡Vb GB A‡_© †h, KjKvZv‡Kw›`ªK gvbevsjvi cwie‡Z© wZwb evsjv‡`‡ki e„nËi Rb‡Mvôxi gy‡Li fvlv‡K KweZvq e¨envi Ki‡Z ïiæ K‡ib, hv‡K cwðg evsjvi †jvKRb AeÁvwgwkÖZ ÔevOvj fvlvÕ e‡j AwfwnZ K‡ib| Avgv‡`i KweZvq GB fvlv‡K e¨envi K‡i ˆmq` nK †`wL‡q w`‡q‡Qb, KjKvZv‡Kw›`ªK kvwšÍcywi gvbevsjv Avgv‡`i KweZvi Rb¨ AZ¨vek¨Kxq bq| GB fvlvfw½i c_cÖ`k©K Aek¨ Zuvi AMÖR Kwe Avnmvb nvexe, hv Av‡MB D×…wZmn †`wL‡qwQ| ˆmq` nK Zuvi civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi wk‡ivbv‡gi 33wU m‡b‡U, cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq Ges b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb bv‡gi `ywU Kve¨bv‡U¨ GB fvlv-e¨env‡i AZzjbxq ˆbcyY¨ †`wL‡q‡Qb| e‡jwQ : ˆmq` n‡Ki gvbm‡jv‡K AšÍg©ywLbZv I ewng©yLxbZv ch©vqµ‡g Ny‡i-Ny‡i G‡m‡Q| Gi gv‡b wKQyKvj AšÍgy©LxbZvi PP©v K‡i Avev‡iv ewng©yLxbZv‡K Avwj½b K‡i‡Q Zuvi KweZv Ges ms‡e`bkxjZvi GB cvjve`‡j eo iK‡gi f‚wgKv †i‡L‡Q G‡`‡k msNwUZ ivR‰bwZK NUbvewj| KweZvmg‡MÖi wØZxq I Z…Zxq L‡Ði KweZv¸‡jv‡ZI N‡U‡Q GB cvjve`‡ji NUbv| ms‡e`bkxjZvi m‡½ e`‡j †M‡Q wbg©vYKjvI|

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ˆmq` nK me Q‡›` cvi`kx© wQ‡jb Zuvi cÖ‡ekj‡MœB| Z‡e, cÖ_g L‡Ði KweZv¸‡jvq gvÎve„Ë Ges ¯^ie„Ë Q›` e¨envi K‡i‡Qb AZ¨šÍ Kg| GB c‡e© A¶ie„Ë Q›`B wQj Zuvi KweZvi cÖavb evnb Ges cÂv‡ki Ab¨ wZb cÖavb Kwei Zzjbvq cÖ‡ekj‡Mœ †ewk cwigv‡Y M`¨ixwZi KweZv wj‡L‡Qb wZwb; wKš‘ µgvš^‡q e„Ëxq Q‡›`i PP©v evwo‡q w`‡q‡Qb Ges AšÍ¨wgj cÖ‡qv‡Mi w`‡K cÖejfv‡eB Szu‡K‡Qb| Gi Dj‡UvUv N‡U‡Q kvgmyi ivngvb I

Avj gvngy‡`i †ejvq| Guiv KweRxe‡bi cÖavb ch©vqwU cvi n‡q †kl Rxe‡b cÖejfv‡e Szu‡K‡Qb mnRmva¨ M`¨ixwZi w`‡K| iex›`ªbv_ †_‡K ïiæ K‡i AvRZK KweZvq M`¨ixwZi PP©v Ae¨vnZ, wKš‘ †Kv‡bv wbqgbxwZi evjvB †bB e‡j Q›`welqK Av‡jvPbvq M`¨KweZv‡K we‡kølY K‡i †`Lv‡bvi wKQy †bB, †Kej Gi D‡jøLB h‡_ó| ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZvmg‡MÖi cÖ_g L‡Ð msKwjZ A¶ie„Ë Q‡›`i KweZv¸‡jvq mgcvwe©K Ges Amgcvwe©K GB `yB ai‡bi cO&w³web¨vmB †Pv‡L c‡o| †hme KweZv mgcvwe©K cO&w³wewkó A_©vr †hme KweZvi mKj cO&w³‡Z mgvbmsL¨K ce© i‡q‡Q †m¸‡jvi AwaKvskB AšÍ¨wgjwewkó| cÖ_g L‡Ði A‡bK A¶ie„Ëxq KweZvq cO&w³¸‡jv gy³‡Ki AvKv‡i mvRv‡bv n‡q‡Q A_©vr `xN© cO&w³i m‡½ n«¯^ cO&w³i wgkÖY N‡U‡Q : Avwg †Zv †`wL wb Puv` Kzqvkvq Awek¦vm¨ dvby‡mi g‡Zv, wQu‡oI Avwb wb †Kv‡bv †jvKkÖæZ `k©‡bi dj, A_ev hvB wb Kv‡iv Ny‡gi msmv‡i AbšÍi Nyg hv‡ev e‡j Ñ (Ôcyi‡bv cÖvmv`-5Õ, cÖ_g LÐ) GZ nvo, GZ cuvK, GZ Zß cyKz‡ii Rj `ya †Zv K‡eB †bB, bó ¯Íb, `uv‡Z bó †euvUv| (Ôevwoi ¯^cœ †`‡L gvSiv‡Z hLb Avgvi Nyg †f‡O wM‡qwQjÕ, cÖ_g LÐ) `ycyi wQu‡o‡Q †VuvU,

53


ao gyÐy i‡³ †f‡m hvq; gvwbKM‡Äi ey‡K KvwjM½v fxlY GKvKx (Ô`yycyi wQu‡o‡Q †VuvUÕ, wØZxq LÐ) GB wZbwU DׄwZ‡Z j¶Yxq †h, gy³K A¶ie„‡Ëi web¨v‡mI ˆewP‡Î¨i Rb¨ wewfbœfv‡e cO&w³ mvRv‡bv n‡q‡Q| GB wZbwU KweZvsk ˆmq` n‡Ki A¶ie„Ëxq iPbvi kvixiKvVv‡gvi cÖwZwbwaZ¡Kvix| GB Kwei A¶ie„Ëxq iPbvq ARmª gy³‡Ki wf‡o mgcvwe©K cO&w³web¨v‡mi cÖ_g `„óvšÍ †g‡j ÔAvgv‡`i cwikÖgx avbÕ Ges ÔwM‡q‡Q fvUvqÕ wk‡ivbv‡gi `ywU †QvU KweZvq, hvi cÖwZwU cO&w³ AcÖPwjZ 10-gvÎvi| ÔiOÕ, ÔcÖkœÕ, Auvav‡i nVvrÕ, Ôi³gvLvÕ Ges Av‡iv K‡qKwU KweZvq c~e©vci 10-gvÎvi cO&w³ i‡q‡Q| Avgv‡`i KweZvq GB Avw½K AZ¨šÍ weij| mgcvwe©K cO&w³i KweZv¸‡jvq †Pv‡L c‡o 18-gvÎvi cÖvavb¨, hv cÖvq me AvaywbK KweiB wcÖq Pvj| cÖ_g L‡Ð civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi m‡bU¸‡”Qi 33wU KweZvi Av‡M Ôgwnjv‡K, wkíxi DËiÕ, ÔKweZv 239Õ, ÔAvwgI evsjvi †jvKÕ, ÔK…cYÕ Ñ GB PviwUgvÎ wew”Qbœ KweZvq c~e©vci 18-gvÎv e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q| Gi g‡a¨ ÔKweZv 239Õ, ÔAvwgI evsjvi †jvKÕ, ÔK…cYÕ Ñ GB wZbwU PZz`©kc`xi wKš‘ ¯ÍeKweb¨vm wfbœ wfbœ| †Kv‡bvwU‡Z cÖ_g ¯ÍeK 6-cO&w³i, †Kv‡bvwU‡Z cÖ_g ¯ÍeK 8-cO&w³i, Avevi †Kv‡bvwU‡Z cÖ_g ¯ÍeK 12-cO&w³i| j¶Yxq †h, civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi m‡bU¸‡”Qi †Kv‡bvwU‡ZB cÖPwjZ m‡bUxq Avw½‡Ki AóK I lU‡K fvM Kiv nqwb| 14 cO&w³i me¸‡jvB GK-¯Íe‡K web¨¯Í n‡q‡Q| wg‡ji web¨v‡mI ˆewPΨ i‡q‡Q| AwaKvsk †¶‡Î wgj¸‡jv KLKL cÖK…wZi A_©vr cÖ_g cO&w³i m‡½ Z…Zxq cO&w³i, wØZxq cO&w³i m‡½ PZz_© cO&w³i wgj iw¶Z n‡q‡Q| †Kv‡bvwU‡Z KLMKLM, †Kv‡bvwU‡Z KLLK Ges †Kej 31 b¤^i m‡b‡U KK cÖK…wZi wgj i‡q‡Q| `y-GKwU‡Z wgj¸‡jv eû`~ieZx©| GB ˆewP‡Î¨i wKQy D`vniY : Rvgvi wfZi w_Kv hv`yg‡š¿ evivq WvûK, Pz‡ji wfZi w_Kv AvKei ev`kvi †gvni, gvbyl †eKze Pzc, nvUev‡i mK‡j †`LyK †Kgb †gvPo w`qv UvKv wbqv hvq evwRKi| (AšÍ¨wg‡ji ˆewkó¨ : KLKL) Avwg Kvi Kv‡Q wMqv wRMvgy †m `ytL `¨vq K¨vb, K¨vb GZ Zß K_v Kq, K¨vb cvk wdiv †kvq, N‡ii weQb wbqv K¨vb Ab¨ avb L¨vZ †ivq? Ñ A_P weqvi Av‡M Avwg Zvi AvwQjvg a¨vb (AšÍ¨wg‡ji ˆewkó¨ : KLKL) †K K‡i cik Zvi Rxe‡bi GZ RwUjZv? †Zvgvi AwaK Uvb †`q e„¶ †`q weljZv; GKevi Avgv‡i AvQvo w`qv †mvRv K‡i †di AvgviB gZb hviv †eïgvi mšÍvb gv‡qi| (AšÍ¨wg‡ji ˆewkó¨ : KK) civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZifz³ 21 b¤^i m‡b‡U wgj¸‡jv eû `~ieZx©| cÖ_g cO&w³i m‡½ cÂg cO&w³i, wØZxq cO&w³i m‡½ lô cO&w³i, Z…Zxq cO&w³i m‡½ mßg cO&w³i Ges PZz_© cO&w³i m‡½ Aóg cO&&w³i wgj †`Iqv n‡q‡Q, hv‡K KLMNKLMN cÖK…wZi wgj ejv P‡j : nvRvi `w¶Y w`‡K hvI Zzwg Mv‡Oi †gvnvbv cvI hw` KBI Avgv‡i| Avwg bv A‡bK w`b

54

Avgvi ˆheb Avwg †gvnvbvi †Luv‡R bv w`jvg, ZvI Zv‡i †`wL bvB, ïwb Av‡Q ajv MvOwPj, gv‡Qi cvnviv †Niv wLwR‡ii AZj Av¯Ívbv, Av‡Q Zvi Bkvivq Av¸‡bi †`n GK R¡xb Ñ hw` B”Qv K‡i Zvi Am¤¢e bvB †Kv‡bv Kvg, hv‡i bv cvB‡Z cvwi ZviI mv‡_ w`‡Z cv‡i wgj| cÖ_g L‡Ð Gi ci 18-gvÎvi A¶ie„Ë †Pv‡L c‡o GKgvÎ ÔnvUvÕ bv‡gi GKwU †QvÆ (4-cO&w³i) KweZvq| wØZxq L‡Ð 18-gvÎvi A¶ie„Ëxq iPbv mycÖPzi| wb‡Pi ZvwjKvB mv¶¨ †`‡e GB Q‡›` ˆmq` nK KZUv Avm³ wQ‡jb Ges G-ai‡bi iPbvq wgj cÖ‡qv‡Mi w`‡K Zuvi †SuvK KZUv cÖej wQj : Ôbvwfg~‡j f¯§vaviÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ôweiæ× Kv‡ji KweZvÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ônv‡Z GK giv cvwLÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔAw¯ÍZ¡ cw_K AvwgÕ (wgjnxb `xN© KweZv),ÔGL‡bv A‡bK ivZÕ (wgjnxb PZz`©kc`x), ÔGevi msNl© †fv‡jvÕ (wgjnxb 20 cO&w³i), Ôˆbk‡fv‡R i³cvZÕ (mwgj 24 cO&w³i), ÔGLwb Kwei KvjÕ (mwgj 18 cO&w³i), ÔKwe P›`ªveZx Av‡RvÕ (mwgj 20 cO&w³i), ÔRjhvÎvÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb `xN© KweZv), ÔRb¥w`‡bi KweZvÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔIiv wK Zzwg I AvwgÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔAgv Pw›`ªgvi KvjÕ (mwgj 18 cOw&³i), ÔhLb †bŠ‡Kvi †PvLÕ (mwgj 18 cO&w³i), ÔGKvˇii wPwVÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb `xN© KweZv), ÔAvwgI †Zv hv‡evÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb `xN© KweZv, ÔnviwRrÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔKvjvKvjÕ (mwgj 18 cO&w³i), ÔjvkÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔwLw¯ÍÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔjwL›`iÕ (mwgj 8 cO&w³i), Ômv‡ne †eMgÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔWvKÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔwgVvRjÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔK¨v‡givÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔBu`yiÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔR¨vwgwZÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), Ô†cÖ‡gi M‡f©i R‡jÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), Ô†fZ‡i ˆekvL wb‡qÕ (mwgj 8 cO&w³i), Ôe„wó c‡oÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ômywdqv Kvgv‡ji Rb¥w`‡bÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ôa‡iv, wKQy cvc Kiv †M‡jvÕ (mwgj 18 cO&w³i), ÔA_P D‡Ïk¨ wQ‡jvÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ôewb Av`gÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔA_P AvgivÕ (mwgj 16 cO&w³i), ÔAvwgI evovB nvZÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), Ô†h Rv‡b †m Rv‡bÕ (mwgj 10 cO&w³i), ÔK‡iv Zzwg Ggb AuvaviÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), Ômsev`Õ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔG Qvov Avi wK Av‡QÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ô†f‡O c‡o ey‡Ki cuvRiÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ôhw` fv‡jv‡e‡m _v‡KvÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔZLb Rbbx iƒ‡cÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔB`vbxs ivZ bv‡gÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x). ÔZeyI MvavivÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔAv‡iv wKQy K_v wQ‡jvÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔWvKwQÕ (mwgj 4 cO&w³i), ÔGLb A‡bK ivZÕ (mwgj 20 cO&w³i), ÔiæevB 1 †_‡K 6Õ (mwgj-cÖwZwU 4 cO&w³i), ÔZeyI Mv‡bi KwjÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ôwe‡K‡jÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv)| Z…Zxq L‡Ð A_©vr †kl c‡e© G‡m 18-gvÎvi A¶ie„Ëxq iPbv Ges wgj cÖ‡qv‡Mi GB cÖeYZv Av‡iv †e‡o hvq (cÖgvY wn‡m‡e wb‡Pi ZvwjKv `ªóe¨) : Ôfv‡jvevmvi iv‡ZÕ (71wU KweZvi ¸”Q; me¸‡jv mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ôevj¨‡cÖgK_vÕ (20wU KweZvi ¸”Q; me¸‡jv mwgj 20 cO&w³i), Ôfv‡jvevmvi w`‡bÕ (wmwi‡Ri 3wU mwgj 6 cO&w³i; wmwi‡Ri 2wU mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ô†Zvgvi b¶Î GB i‡³i †jvwn‡ZÕ (wmwi‡Ri 16wU mwgj 12 cO&w³i; 1wU mwgj 16 cO&w³i; 1wU mwgj 10 cO&w³i), ÔAvgvi †Pv‡L †Zvgvi QweÕ (wmwi‡Ri 1wU mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ôb¶‡Îi wb‡P fvmgvbÕ


(mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔZeyI KweZv ZzwgÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔAvR iv‡ZÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔZLbI myMÜ †bBÕ (mwgj 10 cO&w³i), Ôevsjv fvlvi cÖwZÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔRvg nv‡Z `uvwo‡qÕ (mwgj 8 cOw³i), ÔmZ¨ GB †`‡Lb MvwjeÕ (mwgj 8 cO&w³i), ÔRvbvRvhvÎx‡`i cÖwZ MvwjeÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔmvKxi cÖwZ MvwjeÕ (mwgj 16 cO&w³i) ÔMvwje‡K cÖvwYZ K‡i bI‡ivR Gfv‡eÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔwjL‡Z wjL‡Z ZvwK‡q †`‡Lb MvwjeÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), ÔevOvwj Kwei cÖwZÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), Ôevsjvi Kwe‡KÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ô†hv×v n‡q DwV AvwgÕ (mwgj 16 cO&w³i), ÔAvgš¿YÕ (mwgj PZz`©kc`x), Ôhw`ev `uvovI G‡mÕ (mwgj 18 cO&w³i), ÔIqvwn`yj nK : cÖqvY 1413Õ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), Ô†Zvgv‡KB fv‡jv‡e‡mÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔA‡bK myav‡K AvwgÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔI‡ZB hv wg‡U hvqÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔcyZj z bvPÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔGKwU RxebÕ (mwgj 2 cO&w³i), Ôï‡q Av‡Q GKvÕ (mwgj 4 cO&w³i), ÔwKš‘ ¯^Me© vK&Õ (mwgj 10 cO&w³i), ÔmgvwadjKÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔGL‡bv †Zv †kl bqÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔZviciÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔwRjøiy­ ingvb wmwÏKx : Zuvi AvwkZg Rb¥w`‡bÕ (mwgj 24 cO&w³i), Ô†gvn‡bi R‡b¨ cO&w³ KwZcqÕ (mwgj 24 cO&w³i), Ôe„wóÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔGBme wecix‡ZÕ (mwgj 10 cO&w³i), ÔAvRI i‡q †M‡QÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔwKš‘ gv_v Zz‡j †`wLÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), Ô†jvKwUÕ (mwgj 4 cO&w³i), ÔZey eywS †_‡K hv‡evÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb 11 cO&w³i), ÔK_v K‡q I‡Vv †n gvbeÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb 17 cO&w³i), Ôevsjv I evOvwjÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔhZB `~i‡Z¡ hvKÕ (mwgj 10 cO&w³i), ÔAvÇv †_‡K D‡V †h‡Z †h‡ZÕ (mwgj 20 cO&w³i), ÔZviv †h †dvUv‡Z cv‡iÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), Ômvܨ cO&w³ KwZcqÕ (mwgj 24 cO&w³i), ÔKwe Avi Zvi Kɯ^iÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), Ôwd‡i †`wL Awfav AveviÕ (mwgj 16 cO&w³i), ÔcÖev‡m ˆ`‡ei e‡kÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb `xN© KweZv), ÔGB †h QvqvwUÕ (mwgj 8 cO&w³i), Ôcvwi bvB Avwg P‡j †h‡ZÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x), ÔZeyI ZeyIÕ (mwgj PZz`k © c`x)| Dc‡iv³ KweZv¸‡jvq cO&w³i msL¨v D‡jøL Kijvg G-K_v ejvi Rb¨ †h, A‡bK¸‡jv‡ZB cO&w³i msL¨v 14-Gi KvQvKvwQ| d‡j, cÖKZ … A‡_© G¸‡jv n‡q D‡V‡Q Avw` m‡bUxq Avw½‡KiB m¤úªmviY wKsev ms‡KvPb| GQvovI wKQy wKQy KweZvq 18-gvÎvi cO&w³‡K †f‡O GKvwaK cO&w³‡Z mvRv‡bv n‡q‡Q| Zey cv‡Vi mgq m‡bUxq aŸwbB kÖæZ nq| Ggb GKwU D`vniY : e‡mwQ‡jv `yÕwU cvwL GKw`b Acvi A‡gq| †`‡LwQ‡jv GKRb, †Vuv‡U †VuvU †i‡LwQ‡jv †mI| cvwL †Zv cvwLi g‡Zv, gvby‡liv cvwL n‡Z Pvq| `viæY Kzqvkv AvR Ñ fv‡jvevmv? Qwe Kzqvkvq| (ÔGB kx‡ZÕ, Z…Zxq LÐ) wZwi‡kvËi Kv‡j 18-gvÎvi A¶ie„Ë Ges Rxebvb›`xq 22, 26 I 30-gvÎvi †`Šiv‡Z¥¨ 14-gvÎvi Avw` cqvi cÖvq gi‡Z e‡mwQj| ejv P‡j, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK G‡K cybR©b¥ w`‡q‡Qb| ARmª KweZv wZwb 14-gvÎvi Avw` cqv‡i wj‡L‡Qb Ges AwaKvskB AšÍ¨wgjwewkó| ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb cÖ‡ekjMœ cvi nIqvi wKQy c‡i

†jLv ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv w`‡q| Gi ci Zvi †Ri wn‡m‡e AwP‡iB wj‡L‡Qb ÔLv`¨ I Lv`KÕ (GK-`yB; `y‡UvB mwgj)| `xN© weiwZi ci ci Avw` cqv‡ii PP©v Ki‡jI me wgwj‡q GB Q‡›` iwPZ KweZvi msL¨v Zuvi A‡bK| Avgv‡`i AvaywbK‡`i g‡a¨ wZwbB me‡P‡q †ewk GB Avw½K e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| cvVK‡K G-wel‡q aviYv †`Iqvi Rb¨ Avev‡iv ZvwjKvi AvkÖq wbjvg| wb‡Pi ZvwjKvq 14-gvÎvi Avw` cqv‡ii KweZv¸‡jv KweZvmg‡MÖi wZb LÐ †_‡KB PwqZ n‡jv : ÔA‡avMvgx w`‡bi cwÄKv (28wU KweZvi wmwiR; me¸‡jvB mwgj), Ôfv‡jvevmvi w`‡bÕ (wmwi‡Ri 11wU; me¸‡jvB mwgj), Ô†Zvgvi b¶Î GB i‡³i †jvwn‡ZÕ (wmwi‡Ri 4wU me¸‡jvB mwgj), ÔAvgvi †Pv‡L †Zvgvi QweÕ (wmwi‡Ri 2wU mwgj), ÔAv‡M Ges c‡iÕ (mwgj), Ôwb‡Ri nv‡Z wb‡Ri AuvKv QweÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb `xN© KweZv), ÔKviYUv GI n‡Z cv‡iÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb), ÔA_ev †`‡LQÕ (mwgj), Ô†n KweÕ (mwgj), ÔwehvevbÕ (mwgj), ÔKivj ˆekvLÕ (mwgj), ÔKvj-c~wY©gvqÕ (mwgj), ÔwKš‘ GwK!Õ (mwgj) ÔRb¥w`‡bi †fv‡iÕ (wgjnxb `xN© KweZv), ÔwL‡`Õ (mwgj), ÔLybÕ (mwgj), ÔgvsmÕ (mwgj), Ôci¯úiÕ (mwgj), ÔQvqvÕ (mwgj), ÔwbnZ RxebÕ (mwgj), ÔZey P‡jB PwjÕ (mwgj), Ômk¯¿ AvwgIÕ (mwgj), ÔAvOy‡ii R‡b¨ LyeÕ (mwgj), ÔD‡o hvBÕ, ÔmvZvbœi ¯§„wZK_v Ô`v¯ÍvgeyÕ wjL‡Qb MvwjeÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb `xN© KweZv), ÔevwjKvÕ (mwgj), ÔIqvwn`yj nK : RqšÍx 1402Õ (mwgj), ÔZey kã cÖ‡cjviÕ (mwgj), ÔAvwg †Zv mvgvb¨ †jvKÕ (mwgj), Ô†m †Zv Avgv‡`iBÕ (mwgj), ÔGL‡bv †Uwe‡jÕ (mwgj)| Av‡M †`wL‡qwQ Kx K‡i 18-gvÎvi A¶ie„Ëxq cO&w³‡K †f‡O GKvwaK cO&w³‡Z mvwR‡q‡Qb GB Kwe| GKBfv‡e 14-gvÎvi Avw` cqv‡ii cO&w³‡KI LwÐZ K‡i mvwR‡q‡Qb K‡qK ¯’v‡b, †hgb : iæwU hw` bvB †Rv‡U Ñ `ytL †ku‡K Lv‡ev| Z…òvq Amvo wRnŸv AkÖæ‡Z †fRv‡ev (ÔMvwj‡ei ¯^M‡Zvw³Õ) KvM‡Ri dzj wQ‡jv KvMR wQ‡jv bv †mvbvi Kjg wQ‡jv Kjg wQ‡jv bv (ÔwQ‡jv, wQ‡jv bvÕ) ˆmq` n‡Ki `xN© cO&w³i A¶ie„‡Ë i‡q‡Q cÖavbZ 22 I 26 gvÎvi Pvj| c~ev© ci wb‡Uvj 30-gvÎvi Pvj †Pv‡L c‡o bv| Z‡e, A‡bK gy³K A¶ie„‡Ë wew¶ß 30-gvÎvi cO&w³ i‡q‡Q| 22-gvÎvi A¶ie„‡Ë iwPZ n‡q‡Q ÔGKwU nvZ cÖmvwiZÕ (mwgj), ÔAvgv‡KI n‡Z e‡jvÕ (mwgj), ÔivZ hLb mv‡o wZb‡UÕ (mwgj), Ôe½eÜzi mgvwa‡ZÕ (wgjnxb), ÔG Rxeb Aï‡fi weiæ‡× bvUKÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb), Ô†PŠÏ kZ‡Ki †kl m~hÕ© (AšÍ¨wgjnxb), ÔbZzb kZvãxi cÖ_g w`‡bÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb), ÔKeÜÕ (mwgj), ÔmeyR Ugv‡UvÕ (mwgj), ÔcvLvÕ (mwgj), ÔAvevi `uvwo‡q hvBÕ (mwgj), ÔgvZ…`‡y ai cÖwZÕ (mwgj), ÔhyMvšÍiÕ (mwgj), Ô†di‡`Šmx gRyg`vi : Zuvi Rb¥w`‡bÕ (mwgj), ÔKweRb¥Õ (mwgj), Ô†bvU eB †_‡KÕ (wmwi‡Ri cÖ_g KweZvwU mwgj)| 22-gvÎv AwfgyLx Ômg‡qi jvj Kv‡jv ZvmÕ KweZvwUi wØZxq cO&w³‡Z 26-gvÎv Ges Z…Zxq cO&w³‡Z AcÖPwjZ 24-gvÎv Pvwj‡q †`Iqvq wKQyUv aŸwbMZ wech©q ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| G‡K gy³K A¶ie„Ë ejviI Dcvq †bB, KviY gy³‡K Amg gvÎvi cO&w³ _vK‡jI aŸwbweb¨v‡mi msMxZUzKz wewNœZ nq bv| ÔNyY‡cvKvÕ KweZvwUi †Kej †kl cO&w³

55


18-gvÎvi, evwKme 22-gvÎvi| wKš‘ GLv‡b GwU †kl cO&w³ weavq aŸwbMZ †Kv‡bv wech©q ˆZwi nqwb| D‡jøL­ ¨ †h, 22-gvÎvi KweZv¸‡jviI K‡qKwU PZz`k © c`x (m‡bUxq) Avw½‡K web¨¯Í| wb‡Uvj 26-gvÎvi A¶ie„‡Ë iwPZ n‡q‡Q `ywUgvÎ KweZv : AšÍ¨wgjhy³ ÔZzwg †Zv Avgvi bIÕ Ges wgjnxb ÔivwÎi cÖwZÕ| Z‡e, aŸwbweb¨v‡mi we‡ePbvq 26-gvÎvq iwPZ GKwU KweZvi cO&w³‡K LwÐZ K‡i GKvwaK cO&w³‡Z mvRv‡bv n‡q‡Q : KL‡bv †`‡L‡Qv Zzwg Kxfv‡e w`wNi ey‡K †f‡O hvq mvgvb¨ wX‡jB? †`‡L‡Qv wbðq Zzwg evwjKv †ejvq, Zey eyK †c‡Z w`‡j Avgv‡KB Ñ (ÔwXjÕ) gvÎve„Ë Q‡›` iwPZ ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZvq Av‡Q 5, 6 I 7-gvÎvi Pvj; gvÎve„Ëxq 4-gvÎvi Pvj Avgvi †Pv‡L c‡o‡Q GKwUgvÎ KweZvq Ñ GwU Ôfv‡jvevmvi w`‡bÕ wmwiR KweZvi 50 b¤^ihy³ AšÍ¨wgjwewkó KweZvwU : fvB hw` fv‡jvevmv, †evb Zvi wein| †h-my‡Zvq euvav Zviv Avm‡jB Kx `„p? eÜb wQbœ †K K‡i Kvi mva¨! `yR‡bB c‡i c‡i Avm‡ZB eva¨ ... ... ... †m K_v wK Kv‡b †Zv‡j Ñ Kv‡iv eywS Kv‡b hvq? Kvjv ZvB †cÖwg‡Ki WvKbvg evsjvq! A‡bK KweZvq 5-gvÎvi cÖvavb¨ _vK‡jI nVvr `y-GKwU c‡e© ¯^ie„Ëxq 4-gvÎv e¨envi Kivi d‡j G¸‡jv Avi gvÎve„Ëxq _v‡Kwb, n‡q D‡V‡Q wgkÖQ›`, hv‡K †KD-†KD Ô¯^igvwÎKÕ Q›` e‡j _v‡Kb| G-Q‡›`i ˆewkó¨ n‡jv, wgkÖce© _vK‡jI weï× aŸwbcÖevn A¶zYœ _v‡K| K‡qKwU D`vniY (`vMvw¼Z ce©¸‡jv‡Z ¯^ie„Ëxq Pvj jÿYxq) : †`qvjwMwi AÜ Zgmvq| †Kbbv Zvi †cQ‡b Zey †Qv‡U gv‡Qi g‡Zv bZ©Kx‡`i †PvL hw`I wPo †gvnb wgbv‡i‡U (Ôhw`I wPoÕ) Avgv‡K Zzwg KwVb RvMi‡Y †i‡LQ, †hb Zxeª Z‡jvqvi †ewi‡q c‡o _g‡K Av‡Q Lvov Ñ †Kej GK i³ Cl`yò wQwb‡q wb‡Z cvi‡e eywS avi| Ggb Zzwg kÎæ Avgvi mLx GL‡bv Zzwg AvKvkjxb, ay‡jvi ey‡K Avwg| b`xi †XD fvO‡Q cvo, `yÕ‡PvL `~iMvgx| cÖZx¶vi wbR©bZv fvO‡e Zzwg G‡j dzU‡e Zviv AvKvk f‡i †Zvgvi Wvbv †g‡j

(ÔZzwgÕ)

(ÔAvgvi †Pv‡L †Zvgvi Qwe-2Õ) Ic‡ii `vMvw¼Z ce©¸‡jv‡Z ¯^ie„Ëxq 4-gvÎv e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q e‡jB G¸‡jv ¯^igvwÎK Q›` †c‡q‡Q Ñ bvn‡j wb‡Uvj 5-gvÎvi gvÎve„Ë Q›` †cZ| GKB Kvi‡Y wb‡Uvj 5-gvÎvi gvÎve„‡Ëi e`‡j

56

¯^igvwÎK Q›` †c‡q‡Q ÔAvgv‡K †d‡jÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb), ÔAviK †hbÕ (mwgj), ÔZzwgÕ (mwgj), ÔcÖfÕz (mwgj), Ôe‡jv bv Zzwg, bvBÕ (mwgj), ÔKv‡jv †Mvjv‡ci ¯ÍeÕ (mwgj), ÔGLb `~‡i WvK‡Q †KDÕ (mwgj), Ôhw`I wPoÕ (mwgj), Ôgvbe RxebÕ (mwgj), ÔPviY GKje¨Õ (mwgj), ÔGLb Z‡eÕ (mwgj), ÔAvevi Z‡e cÖ_g †_‡KÕ (mwgj), ÔKwei msÁvÕ (mwgj), ÔgyW †g‡jvwWÕ (¯Íe‡Ki †kl `yB cO&w³‡Z wgj, †kl ¯Íe‡K KLMNLN), Ô†mB evwo‡ZÕ (mwgj), Ô†`wLB bv Kx nqÕ (mwgj), ÔDrm‡bœi `v`b wb‡qÔ (mwgj), Ôe„wó Kv‡jvÕ (mwgj), ÔAvZ¥cÖwZK…wZÕ (mwgj), ÔZzwg Avgvi ey‡Ki g‡a¨Õ (mwgj), ÔZv‡KB Avwg wjL‡ev wPwVÕ (mwgj), ÔcÖkÕœ (mwgj), ÔfvO‡Z fvO‡ZÕ (mwgj), ÔAvevi n‡eÕ (mwgj), Ô`yqvi eÜ _vKÕ (mwgj), ÔwegvbhvÎvÕ (mwgj), Ô†Zvgvi b¶Î GB i‡³i †jvwn‡ZÕ (wmwi‡Ri 1 b¤^i^ wU wgjnxb, 5, 8, 15, 18, 38, 43 b¤^‡ii KweZv¸‡jv AšÍ¨wgjhy³), Ôb~ciy Õ (mwgj), ÔAvgvi †Pv‡L †Zvgvi QweÕ (wmwi‡Ri 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15 b¤^ihy³ KweZv¸‡jvi me¸‡jvB AšÍ¨wgjwewkó), ÔZxeªZvq Avgvi fv‡jvevmvÕ (mwgj), Ô†R¨vQ&bv iv‡Z mevB e‡bÕ (mwgj), Ôcv‡ev wK wd‡iÕ (mwgj), ÔGL‡bv AvwgÕ (mwgj), ÔP›`ªgvLv †XDÕ (mwgj), ÔAvgvi ey‡K Kv‡jv †MvjvcÕ (mwgj), ÔG‡mvÕ (mwgj), ÔGLb I ZLbÕ (mwgj), ÔfzebWvOv fvOwQ AvwgÕ (mwgj), Ô`uvwo‡q AvwQÕ (mwgj), Ô`‡ivRv †Lv‡jvÕ (mwgj), ÔGLb ïayÕ (mwgj), Ô¯^c¸ œ ‡jv Ny‡gi †Pv‡LÕ (mwgj), ÔwkïwU hyeK n‡eÕ (AvswkK wgj), ÔhZB ZzwgÕ (mwgj), ÔAvwg hLb `uvwo‡q AvwQÕ (mwgj), ÔGevi Z‡e †Zvgvi mv‡_BÕ (mwgj)| AZGe, ˆmq` n‡Ki iPbvq wb‡Uvj 5-gvÎvi gvÎve„Ëxq iPbv Aewkó _vKj †Kej `ywU : ÔGes †`ªvnÕ (mwgj), Ges ÔAvgvi †Pv‡L †Zvgvi QweÕ (wmwi‡Ri cÖ_gwU; GwUI AšÍ¨wgjwewkó)| bexb cvVK‡`i Rb¨ e‡j †`Iqv cÖ‡qvRb : †hme ¯^ie„Ëm`„k KweZvq 5-gvÎvi c‡e©i cÖvavb¨ †`Lv hv‡e Ges ¯^ie„Ëxq wbq‡g ¸b‡Z †M‡j cÖvqkB 3-gvÎvi ce© cvIqv hv‡e wKš‘ Zv cuvPwU e‡Y©i mgš^‡q ˆZwi n‡e, Zv‡KB ¯^igvwÎK Q‡›`i KweZv e‡j MY¨ Ki‡Z nq| 6-gvÎvi gvÎve„Ëxq KweZvq mvaviYZ GKwU ¸iæM¤¢xi mvsMxwZK aŸwbcÖevn m„wó nq| ˆmq` nK Zuvi A‡bK KweZvq 6-gvÎvi gvÎve„‡Ë Afvebxq AwZ-AvU‡cŠ‡i welq I fvebv‡K cÖvq M`¨ixwZm`„k cÖKvkfw½ e¨envi K‡i 6-gvÎvi gvÎve„ˇK bZzbZ¡ `vb Kivi †Póv K‡i‡Qb : Av‡i, GwK †`wL! †Kv_v †_‡K Xj evo‡Q †Zv evo‡QB Zwj‡q hv‡”Q eo iv¯ÍvUv ivRavbx Awfgy‡L| AwP‡iB eywS GwfwbD¸‡jv fvmv‡e G cvwb †Zvo (Ôey‡S wbb Z‡e, g‡nv`qMY, `„k¨ e`j n‡”QÕ) iwe VvKz‡ii cv‡q KweZvi eB DrmM© wK Kiv hvq? nq‡Zv ev hvq hvq, nq‡Zv hvq bv Ñ by‡b wRf AvR cy‡o hvq| (Ôey‡Ki jeY Avi †Pv‡Li g¨vwRKÕ) †Uªb Avmevi K_v wQ‡jv ivZ `kUvq| Kvj-AvgjwK gyL-MnŸi Kl&Uvq GB †Uª‡b Zvi Avmevi wQ‡jv K_v| ey‡y K D‡ØM, wRnŸvi bxieZv|

(ÔGL‡bv †Zv †hv×vBÕ)

eÜz, G ev‡m emevi g‡Zv †Kv‡bv wmU Lvwj †bB, Szjevi g‡Zv iW¸‡jv me nv‡Z nvZ VvmvVvwm | Avwg †WM w`B; Zzwg †Zv eÜz, hvÎx Avgvi c~‡e©B; `yjwQ‡j Zzwg, Avwg `yjjvg, `yjwQ †Zv cvkvcvwk


(ÔP‡jv cv‡q cv‡qÕ) gvwjev‡M Avwg, Zzwg ¸jkv‡b Ñ cvov `y‡Uv GK kn‡iB; wek wgwb‡UB †cuŠQy‡Z cvwi †ewe U¨vKwm‡Z DV‡jB| fvovI †Zgb †ewk wKQz bq Ñ cÂvk UvKv eo‡Rvi| A_P wK `~i GLb `yÕR‡b Ñ e¨eavb KZ `y¯iÍ | (Ô†cÖ‡g †h †cÖwgKÕ) GKB cÖKw… Zi †ek K‡qKwU KweZvsk DׄZ n‡jv G-K_v ejvi Rb¨ †h, GZ AvU‡cŠ‡i welq‡K mPivPi 6-gvÎvi gvÎve„‡Ë AšÍ¨wgjmn cwi‡ekb Kiv nq bv| ˆmq` n‡Ki GB KvRwUI cÖksmbxq Ges ˆewP‡Î¨i `vwe`vi| GB Kwei 6-gvÎvi gvÎve„Ëxq iPbvi GKwU ZvwjKv GiKg : ÔKb¨vi cÖwZÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb), Ôey‡S wbb Z‡e, g‡nv`qMY, `„k¨ e`j n‡”QÕ (wgjnxb), Ôey‡Ki jeY Avi †Pv‡Li g¨vwRK : DrmM©Õ (mwgj), ÔZey AvwgI †cÖwgKÕ (mwgj), ÔGL‡bv †Zv †hv×vBÕ (mwgj), Ôgy‡Lv‡k XvKv Rbbxi Mv_vÕ (wgjnxb), ÔB”Qv, B”QvÕ (mwgj), Ô†_‡g AvwQ c‡_Õ (mwgj), ÔP‡jv cv‡q cv‡qÕ (mwgj), Ôg‡b K‡ivÕ (mwgj), Ô†cÖ‡g †h †cÖwgKÕ (mwgj), ÔAvgv‡KBÕ (mwgj), ÔcÖv_©bvÕ (mwgj), ÔZeyI †Zv AvwgÕ (mwgj), Ôk~b¨ †cqvjvÕ (mwgj), ÔnvjLvZvi MvbÕ (mwgj), Ôdv¸‡bi MvbÕ (mwgj), Ôgv‡P©i MvbÕ (mwgj), ÔBfv †ci‡bi my‡i MvIqv MvbÕ (mwgj), ÔeÜz, †Zvgvi c‡Îi DˇiÕ (mwgj), Ô†kl wRÁvmvÕ (mwgj), ÔKL‡bv Ggb w`b G‡m hvqÕ (mwgj), Ôfv‡jvevmvi w`‡bÕ (wmwi‡Ri 18, 44, 68 b¤^ihy³ KweZv¸‡jv mwgj), Ô†Zvgvi b¶Î GB i‡³i †jvwn‡ZÕ (wmwi‡Ri 2, 3, 6 b¤^ihy³ KweZv¸‡jv mwgj), ÔGB µ›`bÕ (mwgj), ÔAv‌‌R GB iv‡ZÕ (mwgj), Ôe„wó‡fRv w`‡bÕ (mwgj), ÔAvgvi †Pv‡L †Zvgvi QweÕ (wmwi‡Ri 12 b¤^ihy³ KweZvwU mwgj)| KweZvmg‡MÖi wZb L‡Ð `ywUgvÎ KweZv cvIqv †M‡Q, hv 7-gvÎvi gvÎve„‡Ë iwPZ : GKwU Ô†cÖwg‡Ki Mv_vÕ Ab¨wU Ôbv wb‡e©va, bv gnvcyiælÕ wmwi‡Ri 7 b¤^i UzK‡ivwU| ZviB GKvsk : Zzjbv †bB Zvi igYxKz‡j Awbw›`Z Zvi ¶z`ª †`n †hb Zv GKgy‡Vv Ki‡Z cvwi `viæY weKv‡ii AÜKv‡i Ô†cÖwg‡Ki Mv_vÕ KweZvq Aek¨ GKwU c‡e© gvÎvweb¨vm AwZ‡iK`yó, A_©vr wb‡Pi D×…Zvs‡k `vMvw¼Z c‡e© 8-gvÎv cÖkwœ e× : Ggb `qvevb cÖk¯Í e‡¶i cyiæl wZwb Qvov †KD †bB, †hgb †jv‡K e‡j Ñ `v‡bi msev` iv‡L bv `w¶Y evû Zvi; ¯^ie„Ëxq iPbvqI ˆmq` nK AwZgvÎvi AvU‡cŠ‡i fvlvfw½ e¨envi K‡i AMÖmigvbZvi cwiPq w`‡q‡Qb| Zuvi ¯^ie„Ëxq iPbv¸‡jvi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q Ôey‡bve„wói MvbÕ (AšÍ¨wgjnxb), ÔAvZ¥vi g„Z¨z I Kwe hv †`‡L‡QÕ, ÔKuv`wQ‡jv, †KD Kuv`wQ‡jvÕ (mwgj), ÔAvgvi GZ Zvov †Kb ZviB GKUv Avfvm †`evi †PóvqÕ (wgjnxb), Ôcv evovevi gš¿Õ (wgjnxb), Ô G‡KB eywS gvbyl e‡jÕ (mwgj), Ô†PZvI hw`Õ (mwgj), ÔjywU‡q _vKv kvwoÕ (mwgj), Ô†`L‡Z Av‡mb gwnjv GKÕ (mwgj), ÔZzwg †Zv Av‡QvBÕ (mwgj), Ô†mB cvwLwUÕ (Aa©wgj), ÔZ…Zxq we‡k¦i GKwU †`‡kÕ (c~ev© ci GKB k‡ãi wgj), ÔGLb AvwgÕ (mwgj), ÔAvKei †nv‡m‡bi Rb¨ MvbÕ (mwgj), ÔZLb wQ‡jv, GLb †bBÕ (wgjnxb), Ô†fZi †_‡K †ewi‡q †`wLÕ (mwgj), ÔI KweÕ (mwgj), Ô`uvwo‡q _vKv fvOv gvby‡li MvbÕ (mwgj), ÔNywg‡q _vKvi MvbÕ (mwgj), ÔjeYÕ (mwgj), ÔAvAvÕ (mwgj), ÔkixiÕ (mwgj), Ôwbiæ‡ÏkÕ (mwgj), ÔeÜz, Zzwg †Kgb Av‡QvÕ (wgjnxb), ÔmvjZvgvwgi weeiYÕ (wew¶ß wgj), Ô†gv‡gi Av‡jvq MvbÕ (mwgj `xN© KweZv), ÔhyMj wkLv AwMœÕ (mwgj), Ôm~h©

IVvi Av‡MBÕ (mwgj), ÔUzw½cvovqÕ (mwgj), ÔMZ eQ‡ii w`‡K ZvwK‡qÕ (mwgj), ÔA‡bK †`‡L A‡bK wk‡LÕ (mwgj), ÔbB‡j AuvaviÕ (mwgj), ÔKwei gh©v`vÕ (mwgj), wf¶v bq Kwei m¤§vbxÕ (mwgj), ÔnVvr Kwe RIKÕ (mwgj), Ô¯^vaxbZv w`em : 2007Õ (mwgj), ÔWvKwQÕ (mwgj). ÔZzwgB ïay ZzwgÕ (mwgj), ÔLuvPvÕ (mwgj), ÔB‡”Q K‡i, B‡”Q K‡iÕ (wgjnxb), Ôeªþcy‡Î cv ay‡qwQÕ (mwgj), Ôˆ`‡e hw` N‡UÕ (mwgj), ÔGevi †b‡ev wgwóRjÕ (mwgj), Ôfv‡jvevmvi w`‡bÕ (wmwi‡Ri 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14, 20, 26, 28, 30, 33, 34, 37, 48, 55, 67 me¸‡jvB AšÍ¨wgjwewkó)| wgj cÖ‡qv‡Mi Z_¨mn e„Ëxq Q‡›` †jLv KweZv¸‡jvi cÖvq c~Yv© ½ ZvwjKv †`Iqvi †Póv K‡iwQ GR‡b¨ †h, cvVK GKwU wel‡q wbwðZ n‡Z cvi‡eb, GB Kwe me ai‡bi Q‡›`B cvi`kx© wQ‡jb Ges wgj cÖ‡qv‡Mi w`‡K Zuvi †SuvK wQj cÖej| GB †SuvK µgvš^‡q †e‡o‡Q KviY Z…Zxq L‡Ði KweZv¸‡jvq wgj cÖ‡qv‡Mi `„óvšÍ †g‡j †ewk| gy³ y ‡Ki AvKv‡i cO&w³ mvRv‡bv n‡q‡Q me‡P‡q †ewk A¶ie„Ëxq iPbvq; gvÎve„Ëxq iPbvq i‡q‡Q mgcvwe©K ev mggvwÎK cO&w³web¨v‡mi cÖvavb¨| ¯^ie„Ëxq K‡qKwU KweZvq gy³K ixwZi cO&w³web¨vm †Pv‡L c‡o| GB ZvwjKv¸‡jvi evB‡i i‡q †M‡Q gy³K A¶ie„‡Ë iwPZ ARmª KweZv, hvi A‡bK¸‡jvB AšÍ¨wgjwewkó, we‡kl K‡i cÖ_g c‡e©i c‡ii KweZv¸‡jv| wg‡ji cÖwZ GB Kwei Avmw³ †evSv hvq hLb †`wL †ekwKQy M`¨ixwZi KweZvqI wgj cÖ‡qvM K‡ib| ÔGK Avðh© m½‡gi ¯§„wZÕ wk‡ivbvgavix KweZv¸‡”Qi 14wUB M`¨ixwZ‡Z iwPZ wKš‘ me¸‡jvB AšÍ¨wgjwewkó| GQvov Av‡iv eû M`¨KweZvq wgj e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q| Ôwkg~j BDmyd : `xcvwš^ZvÕ bv‡gi KweZvwU †ek `xN© GKwU M`¨KweZv, hv‡Z c~ev© ci AšÍ¨wgj iw¶Z n‡q‡Q : wkg~j, Avgvi †evbwU, †Zvgvi Rb¥w`b! †Zvgv‡K †`evi g‡Zv Dcnvi Avwg Lu‡y R P‡jwQ| Ny‡iwQ KZ wecYx‡Z, P‡l †d‡jwQ evRvi Ñ dzj †m †Zv Av‡QB, DbœZ †Zvgvi MÖxevi g‡Zv iRbxMÜvi GKwU ¯ÍeK wK¤^v jvj †Mvjv‡ci †Zvov? DËixq †m †Zv Zzwg †c‡qB †M‡Qv gvby‡li fv‡jvevmvi Zuv‡Z eqb Kiv †mB K‡e †_‡KB, IUvI bv nq _vK| kwcs g‡j †e‡R P‡j‡Q m½xZ, Kjie Ki‡Q hyeZx‡`i iwOb †cvkvK.... wek kZ‡Ki cÖvi‡¤¢ wMqg A¨v‡cvwjwbq‡ii †bZ…‡Z¡ GK`j divwm Kwe K¨vwjMÖvwdK KweZv iPbvq †g‡Z I‡Vb| Zuviv KweZvi kã Ges cO&w³¸‡jv Ggbfv‡e mvRv‡Zb †h, ewY©Z e¯‘i GKwU g~Z© Aeqe ˆZwi n‡Zv| G-ai‡bi KweZv‡K ejv nq K¨vwjMÖvg Avi G-wkíwU‡K ejv nq K¨vwjMÖvwd| K¨vwjMÖvg‡K evsjvq Avgiv bKwk-KweZv ej‡Z cvwi| Avgv‡`i †`‡k ˆmq` nKB cÖ_g e¨vcKfv‡e K¨vwjMÖvwdi PP©v K‡i‡Qb Ges `¶ZvI †`wL‡q‡Qb| Zuvi Ô†MwijvÕ ÔK¨vwjMÖvgwU me‡P‡q mdj e‡j Avwg g‡b Kwi| A¯¿ ZvK-Kiv GKRb †Mwijvi mZK© AMÖMgb g~Z© n‡q‡Q GwU‡Z| GQvov D‡jø­L‡hvM¨ GKwU wc¯Í‡ji Av`‡j mvRv‡bv Ôe¯‘i AvKviÕ KweZvwU Ges ÔA™¢Z y AvMš‘KÕ KweZvwU, hv‡Z g~Z© n‡q‡Q GKwU gv‡Qi Aeqe| wew¶ßfv‡e Ab¨ K‡qKwU KweZvq wZwb cvj‡Zvjv †bŠKvi wPÎ; RjcZ‡bi wPÎ; cvwLi A‡avMgb, cvj‡Ki cZb BZ¨vw` welq wb‡q bKkv ˆZwii cÖqvm †c‡q‡Qb|

wPÎ I wPÎKí

ÔwPÎKíB KweZ¡Õ GB †møv­Mvb I wek¦vm GLb wek¦e¨vß| A_P cÖvPxb AvjsKvwiKMY, wK cÖZx‡P¨i wK cÖv‡P¨i, wPÎKí‡K KweZvi

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†Kv‡bv AjsKvi e‡j MY¨ K‡ibwb| GRiv cvDÛ I Gwg jvI‡q‡ji †bZ…‡Z¡ wek kZ‡Ki ïiæ‡ZB ÔwPÎKíev`Õ bv‡g †h-Av‡›`vjb n‡q †Mj Zvi dmj wn‡m‡e wPÎKíB GLb n‡q D‡V‡Q KweZvi cÖavb wkí-Dcv`vb| KweZvi A‡bK wPÎ ÔwPÎKíZ¡Õ AR©b K‡i bv mZ¨, Zey mywbwg©Z †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv wek¦¯Í RxebwPÎI cvV‡Ki ˆPZb¨‡K Av‡jvwoZ K‡i| gRvi welq n‡”Q, KweZvi bZzb iƒcKí wn‡m‡e wPÎK‡íi m‡½ cÖvPxb AjsKvikv¯¿xMY hv wb‡`©k K‡i‡Qb Zvi †Kv‡bv we‡iva †bB| Gi KviY wPÎKíI wbwg©Z nq †Kv‡bv ˆPZb¨cÖmvix Dcgv, Dr‡cÖ¶v, iƒcK, cÖZxK I mgv‡mvw³i mn‡hv‡M| GgbwK Ab¨vm³ Ges AwZk‡qvw³i g‡Zv bMY¨ AjsKvi‡K aviY K‡iI †Kv‡bv-†Kv‡bv wPÎ wPÎKíZ¡ AR©b Ki‡Z cv‡i, hw` Zv †mfv‡e wbwg©Z nq| Avevi cvVK‰PZb¨‡K e¨vcKfv‡e Av‡jvwoZ K‡i bv Ggb mvaviY Dcgv, Dr‡cÖ¶v, iƒcK I mgv‡mvw³evnx wP‡Îi meB wPÎKíZ¡ AR©b Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| cÖZxKevnx wPÎ me‡¶‡ÎB wPÎK‡íi gh©v`v cvq| Kv‡iv KweZvq iƒcK‡íi mÜv‡b Dcgv, Dr‡cÖ¶v, iƒcK, cÖZxK, mgv‡mvw³, Ab¨vm³, AwZk‡qvw³ BZ¨vw`i Avjv`v ZvwjKv cÖYqb bv-K‡i wPÎ I wPÎK‡íi ˆewkó¨ Zz‡j ai‡jB AíK_vqI A‡bK †evSv‡bv hv‡e e‡j Avgvi wek¦vm| ZvB, ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZvi iƒcKíwelqK Av‡jvPbvq Avwg GB c×wZwU cÖ‡qvM K‡iwQ| cvVK, j¶ Ki‡eb wb‡Pi ZvwjKvwU wbQK ZvwjKvB bq Ñ D×…wZi ci Z…Zxq eÜbx‡Z KweZvi wk‡ivbvg D‡jøL­ c~eK © ejv n‡q‡Q GwU wbQK wek¦¯Í wPÎ bvwK wPÎKí n‡q D‡V‡Q Ges cÖwZZzjbvRvZ †Kvb AjsKvi‡K wbf©i K‡i Zv wbwg©Z n‡q‡Q; †ÿÎwe‡k‡l Gi m‡½ Ry‡o †`Iqv n‡q‡Q cÖ‡qvRbxq bvbv ai‡bi gšÍe¨| GB Kwei wecyj iPbvm¤¢vi †_‡K gy`‡ª Yi avivµg i¶v K‡i †Kej AZz¨¾¡j wPÎ I wPÎKí¸‡jvB PwqZ n‡jv| d‡j, cÖ_g-cÖ_g AwZ mij wPÎ †_‡K †klw`‡K RwUj wPÎK‡íi †`Lv †c‡Z cv‡ib cvVK| GB Kwei iPbvq Aíwe¯Íi †hme civev¯Íe wPÎKí †Pv‡L c‡o †m¸‡jvI GB ZvwjKvq wKQy e¨vL¨vmn AšÍf³ ©z n‡jv| GB ZvwjKvagx© Av‡jvPbvi AvkÖq bv-wb‡j ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZvi AjsKviwelqK Av‡jvPbv Av‡iv `xN© n‡Zv: †jLvwUi K‡jei bv-evov‡bvi ZvwM‡`B Avwg GB ZvwjKvagx© we‡køl‡Yi AvkÖq wb‡qwQ : `yišÍ GK evZvm bv‡o ey‡bv PvjZv dj Ñ ü`q †hb [Ôey‡bve„wói MvbÕ : Dr‡cÖ¶vevnx wPÎKí; KviY PvjZv d‡ji m‡½ ü`‡qi cÖwZZzjbv Avi `yišÍ evZvm †cÖ‡gi cÖwZZzjbv mn‡hv‡M ˆZwi n‡q‡Q GB wPÎKí] w`M‡šÍ ¯^‡cœi g‡Zv m~h© Wz‡e hvq (ÔcÖv_©bvÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí) KzwUKzwU †R¨vrmœvi kixi (ÔwPÎKi wKewiqvi c‡U †NvovwU‡K †`‡LÕ : wek¦¯Í wPÎ, wPÎKí bq, hw`I KzwUKzwU we‡klYwU GKwU kxY© Ab¨vm³) Avwg `uv‡Z wQu‡o Pwj mvivivZ k‡ãi Ñ ïay k‡ãi Abycg Nvm (ÔwPÎKi wKewiqvi c‡U †NvovwU‡K †`‡LÕ : ÔAbycg NvmÕ GB mvaviY Ab¨vm³ wb‡qB wPÎKí n‡q D‡V‡Q Kwei m‡½ †Nvovi cÖ”Qbœœ cÖwZZzjbvq) cÖvPxb cÖvYxi g‡Zv we¯§„wZi gË GK gvQ (Ômgy`‡ª KÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí) G mܨv AwZµvšÍ e›`‡ii Rvnv‡Ri g‡Zv

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G‡K G‡K Av‡jv R¡‡j cyi‡bv cÖvmv‡` (Ôcyi‡bv cÖvmv`-1Õ : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí) Avwg †Zv †`wL wb Puv` Kzqvkvq Awek¦vm¨ dvby‡mi g‡Zv (Ôcyi‡bv cÖvmv`-5Õ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) GKwU Awj‡›` Zvi ¯^M‡Zvw³ K‡i cÖ`w¶Y (Ôgwnjv‡K, wkíxi DËiÕ : mgv‡mvw³evnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) Avwg GK AÜKvi Ai‡Y¨i g‡Zv (Ôe¯‘Z AiY¨ AvwgÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí) AZxZKv‡ji g¯Í eo gyL nv-†Lvjv GK weivU Miæi gZ (ÔAvZ¥vi g„Z¨z I Kwe hv †`‡L‡QÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí) gv‡Qi g‡Zv bZ©Kx‡`i †PvL (Ôhw`I wPoÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) mbœ¨vmx †Qu‡o Av‡µv‡k dj hyMj ¯Í‡bi g‡Zv ¶zavi Zvovq (ÔKb¨vi cÖwZÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) giv mv‡ci g‡Zv c‡o Av‡Q GKdvwj †iv` (Ô†¯‹PÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) G‡KKUv cvZvi bMœZv †g‡j ai‡jv igYxi g‡Zv (ÔKweZv 213Õ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) hLb Zzwg Av‡aK gyL †Zv‡jv Qovq †hb P›`ªv‡jv‡Ki Zvc (ÔZzwgÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) ¯^Mx©q d‡ji g‡Zv WvK‡Q IB Puv` (ÔKweZv 219Õ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) ev`vwg _‡ji gyL wQU‡K Ly‡j c‡o †M‡Q ARmª iæcvi UvKv KwVb PZ¡‡i (ÔKweZv 240Õ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) Kvd‡bi g‡Zv we”QzwiZ n‡”Q †RvQbv Kwe †kv‡bb hv D”PvwiZ nq bv Ñ †hgb b`xi AZ‡j gnv‡kvj Mí †kv‡b Zi‡½i (ÔKweZv 220Õ : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí, wPÎKí n‡q D‡V‡Q KviY wPÎwU e¨vcK ˆPZb¨cÖmvix Ñ Kwei m‡½ gnv‡kv‡ji cÖwZZzjbv QvovI cÖ”Qbœ Ab¨ GKwU cÖwZZzjbv Av‡Q; gnv‡kvj †kv‡b Zi‡½i Mí, Kwe †kv‡bb Rxeb-Zi‡½i aŸwb I Mí] AvKv‡ki GKcÖvšÍ †_‡K D‡o †M‡jv wPj we›`y we›`y wPj (Ôk~b¨ †cÖ¶vM„‡nÕ : wek¦¯Í wPÎ, wPÎKí bq) Avgvi ü`q †_‡K Avðh© b`xi g‡Zv Kx †hb †e‡ivq (ÔwKš‘ Av‡m GKw`bÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí, wKQyUv civev¯ÍweK)


kã-Q›`-AjsKvi SzgSzg K‡i P‡j †cQ‡b Avgvi †hgb †gjvi w`‡K `yc‡y ii †iv` wQu‡o hvq evRxKi, Zvi m‡½ †cvlvRš‘ jvj Rvgv c‡i| (ÔGKwU Mv_vi m~Pbv I g„Z¨z Õ : Dcgvevnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq, Zey †Kej wPÎ wn‡m‡eB Abe`¨; KweZvwUi GKvs‡k Av‡Q (GLv‡b D×…Z bq) gv‡qi nvZ a‡i †QvU evj‡Ki †nu‡U hvIqvi cwiwPZ `„k¨| †cvlvRš‘wU evwRK‡ii euv`i eB wKQz bq; ZvB, Gi m‡½ evj‡Ki cÖwZZzjbvwU Av`iwgwkÖZ) Rbbx, k¨vgj Zzwg ey‡K †`v‡j iæ‡cvi nuvmywj Ñ iv‡Zi AvKv‡k †hb Puv` †Ljv K‡i (ÔGKwU Mv_vi m~Pbv I g„Z¨z Õ : Dr‡cÖÿvevnx wPÎKí) bÿÎ wSKwgK K‡i I‡V AÜKv‡i Avgvi ¯^‡cœi †hb AhyZ †Nvov ï‡q Av‡Q (Ô`viv wk‡Kvn&i ¯^MZ¸”Q-1Õ : Dr‡cÖÿvevnx wPÎKí) gq~‡ii ke †hb igYxi Amvi Avjvc (Ô`viv wk‡Kvn&i ¯^MZ¸”Q-3Õ : Dr‡cÖÿvevnx wPÎKí) mvivw`b Bw÷kv‡b †Uªb c‡o c‡o cëzi `v`yi g‡Zv wS‡gvq †ivÏy‡i (ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí) †m jvwUg †Nv‡i Av‡Rv| wÎKv‡ji c‡_ c‡_ cvMjv †g‡ni (ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv : mgvšÍivj iƒcKvwkÖZ wPÎKí; iex›`ªbv‡_i GKwU †QvUM‡íi HwZn¨ e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q) g‡nk¦i Zvgv‡Ki †auvqvq †auvqvq ¯^‡cœi Zvjy‡K hv‡ev, Avi Mvp †Pv‡L †`L‡ev weivU iæB †hb Ei渇jv njN‡i wKjwej K‡i SuvwK bv‡P (ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv : Dr‡cÖÿvevnx wPÎKí; civwPÎ n‡Z cviZ, hw` bv Ôg‡nk¦i ZvgvKÕ ev MuvRv LvIqvi cÖm½ bv-_vKZ| civev¯ÍeZv Rb¥ †bq m‡PZb g‡bi Ici Ae‡PZ‡bi AmZK© ¯^Ztù‚ZZ © vq; †bkvi †Nv‡i †`Ljvg ev †`Le wKsev ¯^‡cœ †`Ljvg e‡j hv †`Lv nq Zv civev¯ÍweK ¸iæZ¡ nvwi‡q †d‡j) Avgvi AvOzj †_‡K µgvMZ †`wL Si‡Q AbeiZ †PZbvi dzj (ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv : iƒcKvwkÖZ civev¯Íe wPÎKí) †`v‡j, †Wgivq kbkb †Nv‡i, I‡V muv‡Kv k~b¨ gv‡M©, wenŸj QvMj-Mvav D‡o hvq MÖv‡gi gv_vq (ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv : mgv‡mvw³evnx wPÎ, wPÎKí bq; AvcvZ`„wó‡Z g‡b n‡jI GwU wPÎKí ev civwPÎ n‡q I‡Vwb; KviY GwU fqven U‡b©‡Wvi GKwU wek¦¯Í wPÎ) Zv‡K g‡b nq `jQzU bxjMvB mvivw`b GKv GKv gvjf‚wg P‡l GLb `uvwo‡q Av‡Q Ziw½Z †g‡N wks Zz‡j (ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv : Dr‡cÖÿvevnx civev¯Íe wPÎKí)

meyR †Uwe‡j wW‡gi Kzmgy fv‡m †hb hgybvq ivavi †hŠeb `ywU (ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv : Dr‡cÖÿvevnx wPÎKí) Avgvi mg¯Í ˆPZ‡b¨ AMYb mvc wcw”Qj †c‡U AbeiZ IVv-bvgv K‡i Avgv‡K bv-Kv‡U bv Qv‡o (ÔZv wKQz bZzb K_v bqÕ : cÖZxKx civev¯Íe wPÎKí) GKUv a~mi cvwL kn‡ii gv_vi Ici †evgviæi P°i Kv‡U (Ômܨv¯ÍeÕ : iƒcKvwkÖZ wPÎKí) Ry‡Zvi †fZi †_‡K †ei懔Q jÿ cÖRvcwZi `j (Ô`yciy GKUv GMv‡ivqÕ : cÖZxKevnx civev¯Íe wPÎKí) Puv‡`i w`‡K avegvb †h aej †Nvov nVvr Zvi wc‡V †`LwQ mybxj GK Av‡ivnx (ÔNy‡gi †fZi †_‡K D™¢Z ‚ Õ : cÖZxKevnx civev¯Íe wPÎKí) Rvbvjvi †fZi w`‡q nVvr D‡o G‡jv GK‡Rvov †PvL (Ô†PvL, `ywU †PvLÕ : civwPÎ) Avwg g„Z GK bÿ‡Îi Kÿc‡_ e›`x †Kv‡bv †R¨vwZg©q cv_‡ii g‡Zv (Ôwb‡Ri nv‡Z wb‡Ri AuvKv QweÕ : Dcgvevnx wPÎKí) AK¯§vr cÖv‰MwZnvwmK cvwL weKU wPrKvi K‡i DV‡eB AvR †hb ivÿz‡m wW‡g w`w”Q‡jv Zv (ÔAvgvi kni-3Õ : Dr‡cÖÿvevnx wPÎKí) AvqbvwU‡K GKUzLvwb Kvr K‡iv †Zv Kvr †Zvgvi gyL Mwo‡q co–K nv‡Z Avgvi, GB †h Avgvi nvZ (ÔWvKwQÕ : civwPÎ; AvcvZ`„wó‡Z g‡b n‡Z cv‡i †Kv‡bv AjsKvi †bB; wKš‘ Avqbv †_‡K cÖwZwe‡¤^i KwíZ cÖcvZ GKwU mgv‡mvw³evnx wPÎ Dcnvi †`q) GB D×…wZ¸‡jv iPbvKv‡ji avivµg iÿv K‡i PwqZ n‡q‡Q| ZvB jÿ‡hvM¨ †h, cÖZxK I wPÎK‡íi e¨envi ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZvq µgvš^‡q †e‡o PjwQj| Zey mvwe©Kfv‡e ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZvq e¨eüZ G-ai‡bi wPÎ I wPÎKí Rwic K‡i †`Lv †M‡Q cÖZxKevnx wPÎKí LyeB Kg, †h-†ÿ‡Î AMÖMvgx kvgmyi ivngv‡bi KweZv| ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZvq †ewk i‡q‡Q Dcgv, Dr‡cÖÿv, iƒcK I mgv‡mvw³evnx wPÎ I wPÎKí| Z‡e, †hme wPÎ wPÎKíZ¡ AR©b K‡iwb Zvi g‡a¨I A‡bK¸‡jv †Kej wPÎ wn‡m‡eB Abe`¨ n‡q D‡V‡Q e‡j g‡b Kwi| GKwU D`vniY : ÔwL‡`Õ bv‡gi GKwU KweZvi cÖ_g cO&w³ Ôaej c~wY©gv iv‡Z muvZivq nuvmÕ| kv¯¿xq msÁvg‡Z GwU wbQK GKwU wPÎ, wPÎKí bq| wKš‘ GB wPÎ GZUvB ˆPZb¨cÖmvix †h, †RvQbv-iv‡Zi Av‡avAÜKv‡i wePiYkxj nuvmwUI †hb wKQzUv weg~Z© I ¯^wcœj n‡q I‡V Ges `„k¨gvb GKwU cÖvK…wZK wPÎI `„k¨Kí n‡q IVvi †MŠie AR©b Ki‡Z Pvq| D‡jøL¨ †h, hZ Kg k‡ã GKwU wPÎ ev wPÎKí wbwg©Z nq, ZZB Zvi D¾¡jZv I wkíg~j¨ †e‡o hvq, hv N‡U‡Q GB wPÎwU‡Z; cuvPwUgvÎ k‡ã AvcvZ eY©bvZ¥K, AjsKvinxb GKwU Dw³I aviY K‡i‡Q wPÎgqZv, hv AvaywbK Kv‡ji wbwi‡L KweZ¡kw³i cÖavb cwiPvqK| r

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ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : bv‡qi wfZi w_Kv WvK `¨vq fzeb

M

Aveyj †gv‡gb

Z kZvãxi cuv‡Pi `kK †Kej evOvwj RvZxqZvev‡`i m~PbvKvj I ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡ki Mf©KvjB bq, G `k‡KB evOvwj gymjgvbmgvR h_v_© A‡_©B AvaywbKKv‡ji c‡_ hvÎv ïiæ K‡iwQj| mvZPwjø‡ki †`kfvM Dcgnv‡`k Ry‡o A‡bK Aïf NUbv I cÖeYZvi Rb¥ w`‡jI G †hb evOvwj gymwjgmgv‡Ri R‡b¨ GK wefvRb‡iLv| KjKvZvi Dbwesk kZ‡Ki RvMiY gymwjgmgvR‡K mivmwi †Quvqwb, wKš‘ Jcwb‡ewkK civaxbZv †_‡K gy³ n‡q GKw`‡K Gi c‡ivÿ cÖfve Avi Ab¨w`‡K mivmwi cvðv‡Z¨i m‡½ †hvMv‡hvM mnR I Awbevh© nIqvq mgv‡R RvMi‡Yi m~Pbv †`Lv †`q| d‡j mgqUv wQj †R‡M IVvi, G KvjvšÍi c‡e©i ZiæY †jLK AvjvDwÏb Avj AvRv‡`i cÖ_g eB, MíMÖ‡š’i, bvg ZvB †hb †R‡M AvwQ, (cÖ_g cÖKvk 1948)| gvbemgv‡Ri RvMiY cÖavbZ bvbvb m„Rbkxj avivq cÖKvk †c‡Z _v‡K| mbvZb ev

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†e‡owQj| divwm fvlvq ey¨rcwË bv _vKvq eyׇ`e emyi †ev`‡jq‡ii KweZvi Abyev‡`i hv_v_©¨ wb‡q AvR `ÿ divwm fvlvwe`‡`i KvQ †_‡K A‡bK mgv‡jvPbv DV‡jI ZLb f‚wgKv, KvjcwÄ I UxKvmn G-eBwU AvaywbKZv-wcqvwm ZiæY‡`i g‡bvRM‡Z †Nvi m„wó K‡iwQj| cwð‡gi AbyKi‡Y, A‡bKUvB eyׇ`‡ei M‡`¨i AvKl©Yx-kw³i ¸‡Y, Kweh‡kvcÖv_x© ZiæY‡`i †SuvK †Mj wkíwecøe-DËi cywu Rev‡`i DÌvbKvjxb e¨w³i wew”QbœZv, Zvi wbtm½Zv I gvb‡mi wewew³ Ges cÖwZôvb I cÖPwjZ‡K Zxeª N„Yv I Avg~j cÖZ¨vL¨v‡bi cÖeYZvi w`‡K| BD‡ivcxq ev¯ÍeZvi GB cÖfve ZLbKvi MÖvg I gd¯^jcÖavb †`‡k KZUv ev¯Íe ev cÖvmw½K †m-fvebvi †P‡q Riæwi g‡b n‡q‡Q cvðv‡Z¨i AvaywbKZv‡K aviY Kiv wb‡q| G‡Z †h wb‡Ri ev¯ÍeZv‡K Uc‡K ev Gwo‡q hvIqvi e¨vcvi N‡U, Zv ms‡kva‡bi Zvobv Zuv‡`i mKj‡KB ¯^‡`kgyLx K‡i‡Q GKmgq| GB mg‡q ˆmq` n‡Ki KweZv I M‡í cvðvZ¨gyLx AvaywbKZvi †`Lv †g‡j mn‡RB| Zuvi weZwK©Z Ges eûj Av‡jvwPZ Dcb¨vm †Ljvivg †L‡j hvi (1973) bvgKi‡Y gvwK©b gyj‡y Ki †m-mg‡qi ivMx ZiæY †jLK‡`i AvßevK¨ †cø-Ab †cøe‡qi Qvqv cvB| Z‡e ZviI Av‡M AvaywbK aªæc`x AvBwik bvU¨Kvi Rb Gg wms (1871-1909) wj‡L‡Qb Zuvi weL¨vZ bvUK †cøeq Ae `¨ I‡q÷vb© Iqvì©| †Ljvivg †L‡j hvi g‡Zv GwUI cÖ_g ch©v‡q weiƒc cÖwZwµqvi m¤§yLxb n‡qwQj| c‡i Aek¨ G-bvUK Rbmgv`„Z nq, Zuvi cÖavb KvR n‡q I‡V| n‡Ki †ÿ‡Î Aek¨ cÖ_gvskUvB mZ¨, KviY c‡iB wZwb Zuvi cÖavb KvR¸‡jv K‡i‡Qb| Aek¨ †cøeq‡`i mÜvb Avgiv c~‡e©Kvi mvwn‡Z¨ †h GK`g cvBwb Zv bq, hv‡K ejv nq wcKv‡i¯‹ (picaresque) b‡fj, †hLv‡b bvqK GK mve©ÿwYK AwfhvÎx, bvbvb ig¨ I igYxq AwfÁZvi †fZi w`‡q G‡Mv‡Z _v‡Kb, †hgb †nbwi wdwìs‡qi (1707-54) Ug †Rvbm, mv‡f©‡šÍ‡mi (1547-1616) Rb wK‡nv‡U| ¯§iY Ki‡Z cvwi, Bs‡iR †ivgvw›UK Kwe evqi‡bi (1788-1824) Wb Ryqvb A_ev Avgv‡`i kirP›`ª P‡Ævcva¨v‡qi (1876-1938) kÖxKvšÍ‡K, huviv Aek¨B †ev‡nwgqvb, mbvZb g~j¨‡ev‡ai †Zvqv°v bv K‡i, mvgvwRK me cÖ_v wWwO‡q wb‡Ri †Lqv‡j P‡j‡Qb, Rxeb KvwU‡q‡Qb| Z‡e ˆmq` n‡Ki evei Avjx, Ug †Rvbm ev wK‡nv‡U wKsev kÖxKv‡šÍi g‡Zv Rxe‡bi eo cwim‡ii Mfxi cÖ‡kœi m¤§yLxb Avgv‡`i K‡i bv, wb‡RI Rxe‡bi Zvrch©nxbZv wKsev ˆRe-Zvobvi ¸iæ‡Z¡i Kv‡Q mËvi Ab¨Zi Ñ wKsev D”PZi Ñ cÖ‡kœi gy‡LvgywL nq bv, ev cvVK‡KI gy‡LvgywL K‡i bv|

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Q‡qi `k‡Ki ïiæ †_‡KB, iex›`ªRb¥kZevwl©Kx D`hvcb I wkÿv-Av‡›`vjb‡K †K›`ª K‡i †hb evOvwji cÖwZ‡iva msMÖvg I AvZ¥-Avwe®‹v‡ii AwfhvÎvi cwimi I ZxeªZv evo‡Z _v‡K| Avi 1966 mv‡j Qq `dv Av‡›`vj‡bi ci †_‡K evsjv‡`‡ki RbRxe‡b ivRbxwZB gyL¨ welq n‡q I‡V| †Kv‡bv ms‡e`bkxj gvby‡li c‡ÿB evOvwji GB RvZxqZvev`x RvMiY †_‡K gyL wdwi‡q ivLv m¤¢e wQj bv| eis gyL †div‡Z n‡q‡Q wb‡Ri wkK‡oi w`‡K| ey‡S wb‡Z n‡q‡Q wb‡Ri Av`Z cwiPq, cÖKvk Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q miKvi I cÖwZôv‡bi m‡½ ؇›Ø wb‡Ri Ae¯’vb Ges cÿcvZ| G mgq eo I gnr †gvo cwieZ©b NUj mg‡qi me‡P‡q kw³gvb Kwe kvgmyi ivngv‡bi| kvgmyi ivngvb wdi‡jb bvMwiK ga¨weË evOvwji mvs¯‹w… ZK-ivR‰bwZK RvMi‡Yi m~Î a‡i| wZwb bvMwiK Rxe‡bi KweB _vK‡jb, wKš‘ Rwo‡q co‡jb †mB bvMwi‡Ki ivR‰bwZK ¯^‡cœi m‡½, Zvi cÖ_g cÖKvk NUj fv‡jvfv‡e cÂg Kve¨MÖš’ wbR evmf‚‡g‡Z (1970)| GB mgq †_‡K wZwb cÖvq n‡q DV‡jb GK D`xqgvb RvwZi Kve¨-fvl¨Kvi, Ggb GK gyLcvÎ, whwb KweZvq Zz‡j Av‡bb Av‡›`vwjZ RvwZi ¯^c,œ Av‡eM Ges jovB‡qi Pig

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jÿ¨| Avi †jvK-†jvKvšÍi I Kv‡ji Kj‡mi Kwe Avj gvngy` wdi‡jb kvk¦Z †jvKvqZ Rxe‡bi w`‡K| †jvKfvlv, Dcgv, wPÎK‡íi GK bZzb †gvngq wKš‘ HwZn¨evnx AvaywbKZvi Zvrch©cY~ © iƒc ˆZwi Ki‡jb Zuvi †mvbvjx Kvweb (1967) Kve¨MÖ‡š’| ivRbxwZ Ges RvZxqZvev`x ¯^cœ hLb GKwU RvwZ‡K RvMv‡Z _v‡K, ZLb wbwðZfv‡eB Av‡eM I Av`‡k© ZvwoZ nb Kwe ev †jLK| wKš‘ ˆmq` nK Zuvi mvwnZ¨wk‡í wbg©vY-†KŠkj, cÖKiY I Avw½K Ges fvlv‰kjx‡Z ¯^Kxq aviv wbg©v‡Y wbweó wQ‡jb Ges RvZxq RvMi‡Yi †P‡q e¨w³i g‡bvRvMwZK I g‡bv‰`wnK Uvbvc‡ob, msKU Zuv‡K fvwe‡q‡Q †ewk| i³‡Mvjvc (1964) Ges Avb‡›`i g„Z¨z ‡Z (1967) Zuvi Ggb A‡bK Mí cvB| IB DÏvg cvMjcvov mg‡q Zuv‡K fzj †evSvi mg~n m¤¢vebv m‡Ë¡I nK wf‡oi g‡a¨ wg‡k hvbwb| m„Rbkxj mvwnZ¨, KweZv I K_vmvwn‡Z¨ iPbvi dêy GKUz w¯ÍwgZ n‡jI G-mgq wZwb wb‡R‡K wb‡qvwRZ Ki‡jb Pjw”PÎ-mvsevw`KZvq, Pjw”PÎ-cwiPvjbvq, msjvc I Mvb iPbvq, nq‡Zv wfZ‡i wfZ‡i wb‡R‡K Av‡iv ¸wQ‡q wb‡Z _vK‡jb cwiYZ ¯’vqx iPbvi R‡b¨| wZwbB G‡`‡k cÖ_g mve©ÿwYK †jLK| cÖwZwôZ nIqvi c‡i, †jLv †_‡K DcvR©‡bi wbðqZv AwR©Z n‡j ˆmq` n‡Ki Av‡MI evsjv fvlvi †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †jLK †jLv‡KB †ckv K‡i‡Qb, †hgb Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, mg‡ik emy| wKš‘ ˆmq` nK Avw_©K wbðqZvi A‡cÿv K‡ibwb| cÖ_g PgK G‡jv gyw³hy‡×i Av‡Mi eQi 1970 mv‡j Ñ ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv bv‡g `xN© Kv‡e¨i gva¨‡g| GLv‡b ˆmq` n‡Ki nv‡Z KweZv ZuviB Rxeb I cÖwZ‡e‡ki Qwe, NUbv, PwiÎ Zz‡j Av‡b, Avi me Qvwc‡q G‡Z e„nËi Rb‡Mvôx‡K D‡Ïk K‡i Zuvi AvšÍwiK D”PviY cÖevwnZ n‡q‡Q Ñ KL‡bv `yev© i MwZ, KL‡bv ¯§„wZKvZiZvq gš’i, KL‡bv DÏxcbvq DÏvg, KL‡bv-ev DrKÉvq mPwKZ, KL‡bv †kvbv †M‡Q wØavwš^Z ¯^i, KL‡bv-ev cÖMjf PÂj D”PviY| KweZv wd‡i G‡jv Rxeb, BwZnvm I GB gvwUi Kv‡Q| Zv †cwi‡q hLb cÖKvwkZ nq civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZ‡i (1981), †Pv‡Ïv cO&w³i `„p euvaywb‡Z AvÂwjK fvlvi †RŠjym hLb dz‡U †e‡ivq, ZLb Avgiv ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki cybR©‡b¥i c~YZ © v †`Ljvg, whwb Rxeb‡K wb‡Ri cÖwZ‡ek I Rbgvbyl, BwZnvm I ms¯‹w… Zi †fZi w`‡q †`L‡jb| †mvbvjx Kvwe‡bi K_v g‡b co‡Z cv‡i wKš‘ cv_©K¨UvI †hb Avgv‡`i bRi bv Govq| Avj gvngy` AvÂwjK fvlvi cÖ‡qv‡M gymwjg ag©mvs¯‹w… ZK cÖwZ‡ek iPbv K‡iI AvaywbK gvb‡mi cÖKvk NUv‡jb Avi ˆmq` nK ag©eY©wbwe©‡k‡l mgv‡Ri cÖvšÍR‡bi gy‡Li fvlvi AvaywbK cÖ‡qv‡M bZzb gvÎv †hvM Ki‡jb| G Kv‡e¨ iwPZ n‡jv ¯^‡`k mgKvj ¯^Rb-wb‡ew`Z me cO&w³ Ñ ZuviB †mv`i, †mv`icÖwZg gvby‡li m‡½ GKvZ¥Zv cÖKvk Ki‡Z| †mBm‡½ Zv‡`i cÖvavb¨ I Ae`vb‡K gh©v`v w`‡q wZwb wb‡Ri m„wói †hb cÖvmw½KZv ˆZwi Ki‡jb Ges RbwcÖq n‡qI nKxq ¯^vZš¿¨I eRvq ivL‡jb| n‡Ki AvRxe‡bi mvabv †hb wbi¼zk weR‡qi c‡_ Pjj|

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bvU¨Kvi jÿ †i‡L‡Qb gÂvq‡bi w`‡K, Awfb‡qi cÖ‡qvRb ey‡S f‚wgKvq wb‡`©k‡Ki R‡b¨ wb‡`©kbvq Zv eywS‡q w`‡q‡Qb| bvU‡Ki KiY‡KŠkj wb‡q iwPZ Abycg eyw×`xß GK iPbvq wZwb bvUK †jLvi AwfÁZv Rvbv‡Z wM‡q e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvm‡j, cÖ_g bvUK iPbv e‡jB, Avwg †Mvovi w`‡K Av‡`Š ai‡Z cvwiwb †h Ñ bvUK nq RxešÍ gvby‡li ¯^i wb‡qB iwPZ Ñ Qvcv c„ôvq bvUK _v‡K Abycw¯’Z... D”Pvi‡YB Zvi gyw³, K‡ÉB Zvi Rb¥MÖnY, g‡ÂB Zvi Rxeb|Õ ZvB wZwb aivi †Póv K‡i‡Qb Avgv‡`i gvwUjMœ gvby‡li K_v ejvi aib¸‡jv, †hgb Ñ Zv‡`i Dcgv e¨envi I Zzjbv †`Iqvi AK… cY Af¨vm, GKB fve‡K †Rvovq ev Av‡iv †ewk Dcgv-wPÎK‡íi AjsKv‡i mvwR‡q †`Iqvi cÖeYZv| Gfv‡e g‡Â Ñ Aek¨B `ÿ Awf‡bZv-Awf‡bÎxi ¸‡Y Ñ n‡Ki bvUKwU RxešÍ n‡q I‡V| d‡j KweZv bq, wZwb msjvcB iPbv K‡i‡Qb, BwZnv‡mi cvZv †_‡K AvL¨vb Ly‡u R †bbwb, wb‡q‡Qb †h-BwZnvm m`¨ N‡U †M‡Q †MvUv RvwZi G‡Kev‡i cÖvYc‡Y Suvwc‡q-cov AskMÖn‡Yi gva¨‡g| g‡b ivL‡Z n‡q‡Q, hv-B †jLv †nvK, †h-AvL¨vb ev PwiÎ wbwg©Z †nvK, Zv †h-†Kv‡bv `k©‡Ki g‡bi ZvRv ¯§„wZ, Kv‡iv Kv‡iv, ev A‡b‡KiB †ÿ‡Î, e¨w³MZ i³v³ Av‡e‡Mi Zv‡i Zv bvov †`‡eB| Szwu K wb‡q‡Qb wZwb weivU, KviY cvwK¯Ívwb `Lj`vi‡`i †`vmi GK MÖvg¨ gvZei GLv‡b †K›`ªxq PwiÎ, Zv‡K nK bZciv¯’ Ki‡jb AvZ¥Rvi cÖkeœ vY I Awf‡hv‡Mi Zxÿè Zievwii Nv‡q| n‡Ki cÖwZfv G-mgq Sj‡m D‡V‡Q evievi| RvMÖZ we‡`ªvnx bvix‡K wbi¯Í Ki‡Z wci hZB Avjøvni †`vnvB †`b, †g‡qi cÖkœ wKš‘ ZZB †hb aviv‡jv n‡q I‡V : gvby‡li AwaKvi bvB Zv‡i †mvqvj Kivi| Z‡e Av‡Q AwaKvi bvgwU wbevi D”PviY K¨vej Kivi| Avi ZvB evÕRvb Avgvi AvjøvZvjvi bvg wbqv wZbevi Avgv‡i cvVvb wZwb cv‡ci iv¯Ívi Õc‡i, cvc nvRv‡i nvRvi gvbyl wbwð‡Z K‡i, mvÿx bvg †mB †Zv Avjøvi| GB bvU‡Ki cÖm‡½ Avgiv iex›`ªbv‡_i wemR©‡bi K_v Zz‡jI eis Av‡iv wcwQ‡q wM‡q gvB‡K‡ji †gNbv`ea Kv‡e¨i K_v Uvb‡Z cvwi| Zrmg kã-wbf©i cO&w³‡Z AwgÎvÿi Q‡›` iwPZ G-Kv‡e¨ †mB bMY¨‡K Qvwc‡q-IVv Abb¨ e³v‡K cvB, GLv‡bI fvlv AjsKvimg„×, e¨w³cÖPwjZ cÖvwZôvwbKZv‡K Awfhy³ K‡i, Nv †`q, Ges Kvwnwbi wecix‡Z wM‡q iveYcy·KB gvB‡Kj bvqK K‡i‡Qb Ges Zv‡K ea K‡i‡Qb Avi †KD bb ¯^qs kÖxivg| gnvKv‡e¨i cÖKZ … bvqK ivg, Z_vwc gvB‡K‡ji bvU‡K wbnZ iveYcy‡Îi Rxe‡bi bvUKxq cwimgvwßi m~‡Î D‡V Av‡m hy× Ges Rxe‡bi MfxiZi m~²Zi Dcjwäi K_v| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq‡Z gvZe‡ii AveiY Kb¨vi Awf‡hv‡Mi aviv‡jv AvNv‡Z AvNv‡Z dvjvdvjv n‡q hvq Avi Dj½ n‡q c‡o ivRvKv‡ii N„Y¨ PwiÎ| Pwiθ‡jv AvÂwjK fvlvi AmvaviY Kvwe¨K D”Pvi‡Yi gva¨‡g wbR wbR Ae¯’v‡b ¯úó n‡Z _v‡K Avi cvVK-`k©K †Kej GK gyL¨ Pwi‡Îi cwie‡Z© gvZeiKb¨v‡K, Zvi msjv‡ci AmvaviY Kvwe¨K †`¨vZbvq, Nv-LvIqv cwiwPZ GKRb iƒ‡c wP‡b wb‡q ey`u n‡q †kv‡b ZviB dwiqv`, ZviB µ›`b| bvU¨Kv‡ii kw³ dz‡U I‡V Kv‡e¨ ev Kvwe¨K msjv‡c, Kv‡e¨i AjsKvi AvwZkh¨ nq bv, eis n‡q I‡V Awbevh©| bvU‡Ki Awbevh© cwiYwZ Avovj K‡i `viæY †Kv‡bv AwbðqZv m„wói my‡hvM Ggb Rbm¤ú„³ Av‡eMNb mgKvjxb BwZnv‡mi AvL¨v‡b nq‡Zv †gjv gykwKj| ZvB Awbevh© cwiYwZ e`jvq bv| Avgiv GB m~‡Î gvB‡K‡ji K_vI Uvbe bv, eis Uvbe †kK&mwcqi I m‡dvwK¬‡mi cÖm½| ˆmq` nK G-bvUK‡K


gyw³hy‡×i cÿ-wecÿ Avi Rq-civR‡q mxgve× iv‡Lb bv, Zuvi wMÖK Avi †kK&mwcq‡ii Uª¨v‡RwW cv‡Vi AwfÁZv‡K Kv‡R jvMvb| wMÖK †Kviv‡mi Avw½K MÖnY K‡ib MÖvgevmxi gva¨‡g, wKš‘ wZwb ؇›Øi welq K‡i wb‡q Av‡mb mgv‡R Ab¨vq AgvbweK Kv‡Ri nvwZqvi wn‡m‡e a‡g©i e¨envi‡K| wZwb ÔbvU‡Ki KiY‡KŠkjÕ As‡k wj‡L‡Qb Ñ ÔAvwg †P‡qwQ GB gyw³hyׇK cUf‚wg wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡i Av‡iv eo GKwU gyw³i R‡b¨ `k©K‡K cÖvwYZ Ki‡Z Ñ †m-gyw³hy× agx©q Kzms¯‹v‡ii weiæ‡×, a‡g©i †bŠKvq ˆbwZK Ab¨vq‡K cvi Kwi‡q †`evi hyMhyMvšÍ‡ii Kg©Kv‡Ði weiæ‡×|Õ gvZeiKb¨vi D×…Z msjvc c‡ii w`‡K Av‡iv †Rviv‡jv fvlvq Ly‡j a‡i agx©q Kzms¯‹v‡ii Rvj : bvg, Avi wKQy bvB, Lvwj GK bvg, wbivKvi wbiÄb bvg, bv‡gi KwVb ÿv‡i †jvnvI †gvjvg †mB GK bvg| bv‡gi Zv¾e ¸‡Y ab¨ nq cv‡ci †gvKvg; †Pv‡ii Av¯Ívbv nq eo †Kv‡bv cx‡ii gvRvi| wZwb GB ZiæYxi gva¨‡g, Zuvi fvlvq, ÔAv‡iv eo, Av‡iv cÖ‡qvRbxq GKwU gyw³hy‡×iÕ Avevnb Rvwb‡q †M‡Qb| AvR‡Ki evsjv‡`‡k Zv †h KZ Riæwi, KZ ¸iæZ¡cY~ © Zv Avgiv nv‡o nv‡o †Ui cvw”Q| Kwe †h mZ¨`ªóv ZviB cÖgvY †i‡L †M‡jb †hb evsjvfvlvi GB cÖKZ … Kwe| wKš‘ mgKvjxb bvU‡Ki BwZnv‡m cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq wbtm‡›`‡n Awe¯§iYxq GK m„wó| G mg‡q Av‡iv `ywU bvU‡K ˆmq` nK Zuvi cÖwZfvi `ytmvn‡mi civKvôv †`wL‡q‡Qb| b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb `ykZvwaK eQ‡ii cyi‡bv Kvwnwb Ñ weªwUk Avg‡j msNwUZ Ams‡L¨i g‡a¨ me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡cY~ © I `xN©¯v’ qx K…lK we‡`ªv‡ni ¸iæZ¡cY~ © GK Pwi·K wN‡i iwPZ n‡q‡Q| weªwUk Avgj ev weªwUk AvMgb wb‡q iwPZ HwZnvwmK bvUK Ñ we‡klZ wmivR‡ÏŠjvi m~‡Î Ñ Avgv‡`i

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Pvi

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KL‡bv †dwb‡q Zzj‡Qb PwiÎ ev m¤úK©| bvUK †h‡nZz wµqvZ¥K wkí, G‡K g‡Â Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z nq, `k©K cÖ¯Z ‘ _v‡Kb PwiÎ, m¤úK©, bvUKxqZv wbwg©Z n‡q-IVvi R‡b¨, ZvB nK K_vmvwn‡Z¨i †P‡q bvU‡KB †ewk mdj| †jLv wb‡q Zuvi fvebvi e¨vwß I MfxiZv, Ges G wb‡q Zuvi wbweóZv, †R`, mvnm Ges mÿgZvi cÖgvY †g‡j `y‡Uv eB‡q Ñ ürKj‡gi Uv‡b (1991) Ges gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨/ M‡íi KjKâvq (1995)| `ywUB wj‡L‡Qb mvßvwnK Kjvg wn‡m‡e, cÖ_gwU ˆ`wbK msev‡`i ÔmvwnZ¨ mvgwqKxÕ‡Z Avi wØZxqwU mvßvwnK wewPÎvq| †jL‡Ki Rxeb mnR bq, Avevi †Kej †h KwVb P¨v‡j‡Ä Vvmv ZvI bq, GLv‡b Av‡Q wb‡R‡K ˆZwi Kivi, Avwe®‹vi Kivi, we‡klZ fvlv‰kjx I cÖKiY wbg©v‡Yi †KŠkj AvqË Kivi g‡Zv m„wókxj AwfÁZvi AeKvk, Rxe‡bi AwfÁZv¸‡jv Kv‡R jvMv‡bvi Ges Avcb `ÿZv-mÿgZv-cvi½gZvi Ges wb‡R‡K Avwe®‹vi I cÖKv‡ki Acvi Avb›`, Mfxi Z…wß| Zuvi cÖ_g I ga¨ Rxeb †K‡U‡Q wb`viæY Aw¯’iZvi g‡a¨, Zuvi wb‡Ri fvlv, welq, gva¨g, Avw½‡Ki †Luv‡R wePwjZ AZ…ß mËvi Szwu Kc~Y© cÖeR ª ¨vq cvIqv-bv-cvIqvi DrKÉvi g‡a¨| GK mgq `ÿ evwRK‡ii g‡Zv fvlv, fw½, Avw½K Zuvi Avq‡Ë G‡jv, AbyMZ cÖRvi †`Šj‡Z †hb mvwn‡Z¨i ivR¨cvU Ly‡j em‡jb wZwb| bvUK I KweZv, Ges AvZ¥Rxebx Zuvi Lvm gn‡ji †`vmi n‡q DVj| GB †h GK ZiæY gd¯^j kni †_‡K G‡m wb‡R‡K gnvbMixi AMÖmi AvaywbK e¨w³‡Z DËxY© Kivi eª‡Z †b‡gwQj Zvi †mB mvabvi g‡a¨ AR©‡bi GlYvB wQj gyL¨, Ges Zvi mnRvZ cÖwZdj wKQy eR©b †Zv e‡UB| Zv‡Z ¯^KxqZv AwR©Z nIqvi cvkvcvwk wew”QbœZv Ñ AZxZ I wkK‡oi m‡½ Ñ Awbevh© n‡q I‡V| evsjv‡`k, Avgvi GKvšÍ e¨w³MZ we‡ePbvq ejwQ, AvR Aewa h_v_© bvMwiKmgvR ˆZwi Ki‡Z cv‡iwb, GwU n‡q Av‡Q AvZ¥xqmgvR| evOvwji G ¯^Rb-msjMœ n‡q _vKvi ¯^fve Zv‡K gvbwmKfv‡eI K‡i iv‡L cigyLv‡cÿx, e¨w³MZ Ae¯’vb cÖvqB A¯úó †`v`yj¨gvb Ges e¨w³MZ m¤ú‡K©i `vwe KLb †h †kvfb-A‡kvfb, DwPZ-AbywP‡Zi †eov †f‡O GKvKvi K‡i †d‡j Zv ejv `y®‹i| G GK Aw¯’i wNwÄ cÖZ¨vkvgyLi `yej© Zv Ges `ybx©wZ‡Z gvLvgvwL n‡q _vKv mgvR, hv‡K Av`‡k©i †Niv‡Uvc cwi‡q MÖnY Kiv hZ mnR ev¯Í‡e ZZ bq| Av`k© I ev¯Í‡ei Ø›Ø n‡Ki Rxe‡bI Qvc †d‡j hvq| Avgiv †`wL ˆmqK nK GKmgq evOvwj Qvcgviv †cvkvK Gwo‡q LuvwU cwðgv †cvkvK Mv‡q Pov‡”Qb| Kwe-†jLK‡`i R‡b¨ ZL‡bv `~‡ii AwfRvZ GjvKv ¸jkv‡bi evwm›`v n‡jb, j¤^v mgq jÛ‡b evm Ki‡jb, Bs‡iwR fvlv I e¨w³Rxe‡b Bs‡iwRqvbv iß Ki‡jb, cy‡Îi bvgKi‡Y †m-Qvc ¯úó| wKQy cwðgv †KZvI AbymiY Ki‡Zb| bvMwiK evOvwji G‡j‡e‡j ÔAvb¯§vU©Õ Rxe‡bi cÖfve Gwo‡q Pj‡Zb| Zuvi Avwkc~wZ©i ¯§viKMÖ‡š’ cÖ_g Zviæ‡Y¨i GK eÜz wj‡L‡Qb Zuvi GB Kv‡Q †_‡KI `~iZ¡ eRvq ivLvi K_v|

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G-K_v gvb‡ZB n‡e, me wkíB wbg©vY e‡U; wKš‘ G wb‡q AwZm‡PZbZvi wec`I Av‡Q| G-c‡_ mnR A‡bK mgq KwVb n‡q I‡V, ¯^vfvweK Avi mnRvZ _v‡K bv, wbwg©wZi kÖ‡gi Qvc †_‡K hvq, Avi ZLb GKUz K…wÎgZvi ÎæwU N‡U †h‡Z cv‡i| Avwg AvšÍwiKfv‡eB PvBwQ bv, G-e³e¨Uv iƒpfv‡e AvmyK, Zvn‡j ˆmq` n‡Ki cÖwZ AwePvi n‡e| KviY wZwb G-m¤¢ve¨Zv‡K Ñ wKQy wemR©b w`‡q n‡jI Ñ GKfv‡e DZ‡i †M‡Qb| bvU‡K †kÖvZv‡K wZwb Ggb Uv‡b ivL‡Z cv‡ib †h, Zvi Z˜MZ wenŸjZv fv‡O bvU‡Ki mgvw߇Z| †mLv‡b ˆmq` nK Abycg, AZzjbxq| ürKj‡gi Uv‡b Ges gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ I M‡íi KjKâv GKBfv‡e evsjvfvlvq

64

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AjsKiY : me¨mvPx nvRiv

AcÖKvwkZ AvUwU KweZv ˆmq` kvgmyj nK GK

`yB

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13/9/2016 mKvj 10-15 wg. BDbvB‡UW nvmcvZvj

65


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Pvi

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Qq

`uvovI, bexb Zzwg ˆfi‡ei Kv‡Q G‡m `uvovI Avevi †Zvgvi cv‡qi A‡cÿvq Av‡Q GB †fv‡i ˆfi‡ei ev`b Kv‡j c„w_ex ¯Íw¤¢Z n‡q| GB ¯Í¤¢‡bi †fZ‡iB c„w_exi mymsev`¸‡jv Avgªcvwj n‡q Sz‡j Avgvi msMÖn Kievi A‡cÿvq \

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14/9/16 mKvj 7Uv BDbvB‡UW nvmcvZvj

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ˆmq` kvgmyj nK

gbMov KzKz‡ii K‡b †`Lv

70

A

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AjsKiY : iwdKzb bex

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71


ˆmq` kvgmyj nK

ga¨iv‡Z Zwmj`vi

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K‡i bvB| Zvi ey‡K kZ wkïi nvwmgvLv gyL G‡m Avcb mšÍv‡bi n‡q hvq| ivZ bv‡g| Ava‡Kvkvi ey‡K R‡ji kã| µ‡gB †R‡M-IVv Pviw`‡K mybmvb ¯ÍäZvi †fZ‡i †hb Mwieyjvø ‡K ej‡Z Pvq, Nygv‡i Mwieyjvø | GjvI †Zvi P‡ÿ Nyg bvB? Mwieyjvø Gi DËi †`evi `iKvi †eva K‡i bv| b`xi cÖkœ ey‡Ki bxieZvq DËi †c‡q hvq| Mwieyjvø nvZevK&‡mvwU †Kv‡ji Kv‡Q wb‡q cv ¸wU‡q Nywg‡q c‡o| KZÿY †m Nygvq, †m Rv‡b bv| Ny‡gi g‡a¨B nVvr †m †Ui cvq †K †hb `uvwo‡q Av‡Q Zvi †`vKv‡bi mgy‡L| gvSiv‡Zi †Kv‡bv hvÎx wK Pv‡qi Rb¨ G‡m †_‡g‡Q, NygšÍ PvAjv‡K RvMv‡Z BZ¯ÍZ Ki‡Q? jvd w`‡q †m D‡V c‡o| Av‡i GwK! AvB evc! RMr wK DjUcvjU nqv wMBj! mgy‡L †m gvbyl bq, ivRevwoi _v‡gi g‡Zv `yBLvb _v¤^v †Pv‡L †`‡L I‡V| ax‡i Ic‡ii w`‡K †PvL †Zv‡j| gv_v †`Lv hvq bv| gv_v †hb Dˇii Zviv ch©šÍ Qy‡u q Av‡Q| Mwieyjvø wb‡Pi w`‡K †PvL bvgvq| cv‡q PKP‡K cv¤úï bR‡i Av‡m| †jvKwUi Mv‡q mv`v cvÄvwe| cvÄvwei Mjvq KoB Kv‡Vi UzKivq Zmwe Syj‡Q Avi nv‡Z Zvi AvaKvUv jvD‡qi †Lvj| †mB †LvjwUI fv‡Zi nuvwoi g‡Zv GZ eo| †jvKwU e‡j, I‡i Mwieyjvø , †Zvi Kv‡Q †gv‡K cv‡Vqv w`‡j| KuvB? Zv‡K †Zv †`L bvB, †Kej Zvi Mjv ïwbwQ| euvke‡b So DwV‡j †h muvB muvB †muv †muv kã I‡V, ZviB g‡Zv Mjv| Kb Kx ev‡n? mZ¨B KB| GB `¨vL Avwg DuPvI bq, jv¤^vI bq, †Zv‡i g‡Zv

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gvbyl| GB `¨vL Ñ ej‡Z ej‡Z †jvKwU cvnv‡oi D”PZv †_‡K †Pv‡Li cj‡K mvaviY gvby‡li AvKvi cvq| e‡j, †gv‡K †Zvi Kv‡Q cvVvB‡j| †Zvi Kv‡Q wKQy FY Av‡Q| †m FY †kva Kwievi Kvi‡Y †gv‡K Zwmj`vi Kwi cvVvB‡j| Mwieyjvø †f‡e K‚j cvq bv| Kvi Kv‡Q K‡e †m FY K‡iwQj, Zvi †Zv g‡b c‡o bv| †m f‡q-f‡q wRÁvmv K‡i, KZ UvKvi FY? †jvKwU e‡j, ZvI nvgv‡K Kq bvB| KB‡Q †Kej †kva Kwi w`evi K| Zvici †jvKwU Mjvi Zmwe‡Z nvZ iv‡L, evZv‡m wgwj‡q hvq| A‡bK †f‡ewP‡šÍ Mwieyjvø Zvi gvwj‡Ki RvgvB Zmi wgqvi Kv‡Q hvq| e‡j, GKLvb †jvK AvwmwQj| e¨emvqx gvbyl Zmi wgqv| †jvK Avmvi K_v ï‡b Pg‡K I‡V| Kx e¨vcvi| Kx‡mi Rb¨ AvwmwQj? ZLb Mwieyjvø e‡j, FY Av`vq Kwi‡Z| FY? Kvi FY? †Zvi bv nvgvi? KB‡j †Zv nvgvi| †Zvi Avevi FY Kx‡mi? b¨vov b¨vsUv gvbyl, Zvi Avevi FY| FY hw` _v‡K †Zv Avjøvi Kv‡Q Av‡Q| Avjøv †Zv‡K Avgvi †LqvNv‡Ui cv‡k cvg©v‡b›U RvMv Kwi w`‡”Q| FY _v‡K †Zv Zv‡i Kv‡Q †Zv| hv †`vKv‡b hv, ïwZ ci| Pv›` Wzwe‡Z GjvI `yB cÖni| Gme K_v ï‡b Mwieyjvø i g‡b kvwšÍ Av‡m bv| FY FY FY Ñ Zvi gv_vi †fZ‡i †evjZvi g‡Zv ¸Äb Ki‡Z _v‡K| FY FY FY| Zvici ey‡Ki †fZ‡i Xv‡Ki ev‡`¨i g‡Zv †evj RvwM‡Z _v‡K| †kva Kwi †`| †kva Kwi †`| †kva Kwi †`| eûw`b evev KzZez wy χbi gvRv‡i hvIqv nq bvB| Mwieyjvø †fvi dR‡i gvRv‡i hvq| gvRv‡ii Lv‡`g ZLb gvRvi cÖv½‡Y nuvUvnuvwU KiwQ‡jb| Mwieyjvø Zvi mgy‡L wM‡q WvK †`q, evev| †K †i, KuvB? gyB Mwieyjvø | b`xi av‡i Pv‡qi †`vKvb K‡iuv| †Zv, Kx K_v? Mwieyjvø gv_v Pzj‡K e‡j, GKLvb AvR`vnv A™¢Z z gvbyl AvwmwQj| Kq, Avgvi bvwK Zvi Kv‡Q FY Av‡Q| †kva Kwi †`, †kva Kwi †`, Kqv †m Avmgv‡b DwVqv hvq| gvRv‡ii Lv‡`g nv-nv K‡i †n‡m I‡Vb| e‡jb, ZzB bv GKevi KvgvL¨v Kvgiƒ‡ci `¨v‡k wMqvwQwj? kqZv‡bi †mB `¨vk n‡Z GBme AcKz‡cv Qwe awiqv AvwbwQm| hv, gvRv‡i hv wKQy cvwim, w`qv hv, mvjvg Kwi hv| evevi ¸‡Y me †`vl KvwU‡e| †mB †jvK Avi bv Avwm‡e| wKš‘ †m Av‡m| Gev‡i kv`v is gvby‡li AvKvi a‡i| Av‡m Gkvi bvgv‡Ri ciciB| Zv‡K †`‡L eyK †P‡c I‡V Mwieyjvø i| e‡j, Avevi †K‡b? Avwm‡jvg, †kva wb‡Z| Pviw`‡K Av¸‡bi kã, euv‡ki †fZ‡i gvbyl cyo‡Q| wkï cyo‡Q| beweevwnZ `¤úwZ cyo‡Q| Avi DrKU wPrKv‡i †`‡ki mg¯Í ïf KÉ Wzwe‡q w`‡Z PvB‡Q| Mwieyjvø ax‡i cv bvgvq| Zvi cv cvnv‡oi g‡Zv wekvj n‡q hvq, cv‡qi Pv‡c gyn‡~ Z© Av¸b wb‡f hvq| Kx‡mi †kva? Kx‡mi †kva? Mwieyjvø i gv_vi †fZ‡i me Avjy_vjy n‡q hvq| evi‡Kv‡ki Ic‡i bvwi‡K‡ji AvagvLv †gvqv c‡o _v‡K| MRvi mij KvwV fvRvi A‡cÿvq `xN© †_‡K `xN© n‡Z _v‡K| Avi †mB †mvbvi wcuwoi g‡Zv Avðh© wRjvwcwU Mig †Z‡j Avcbv †_‡KB fvRv n‡Z _v‡K|

74

Mwieyjvø Ávb nvivq| GiKg Avcbv †_‡K wRjvwc fvRv G †Zv AevK KvÐ| MRvi mij `xN© kixi †Pv‡Li mgy‡L eo n‡Z _vKv GI GK Awek¦vm¨| bvwi‡K‡ji AvagvLv †gvqvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q †_‡K Mwieyjvø jÿ K‡i, Zviv wbLyZ u †gvqvq cwiYZ n‡”Q Avcbv †_‡KB| Ávbnviv wKsev Ávbnviv bq Mwieyjvø D‡V `uvovq| †jvKwU‡K mÜvb K‡i| †Kv_vI Zv‡K †`Lv hvq bv| ïay †kvbv hvq euvke‡b S‡oi k‡ãi g‡Zv †mB Mjv, †Zvi Kv‡Q FY Av‡Q, A‡bK FY, ZzB VvniI Kwi‡Z cvwim bvB| bvB bvB bvB kãwU gv_vi Ic‡i †fv‡ii cÖ_g cvwLi g‡Zv †W‡K I‡V| Mwie, Mwie †i, RvwM IV, wPšÍv Kwi `¨vL, FY †Zvi Av‡Q wK bvB| †mvbvi `iRv Ly‡j hvq| Mwieyjvø i g‡b nq| Av‡Q, Av‡Q, Av‡Q| Zvi g‡b c‡o hvq †d«‡g euvav cyivZb Qwei g‡Zv †mB mܨvKvj| cvÄvweiv b`x cvi nevi R‡b¨ Nv‡U AvwmwQj Avi ZzB †`vKvb Qvwo jvd w`qv cvwb‡Z bvwgqv Lvov nqv wMBwQj| †Zvi gv_v AvKvk fvwO †kl Zvivi Kv‡Q †cuŠQvBqv wQj Avi †Zvi cv‡qi Kv‡Q cvnv‡oi _v‡gi cÖmv‡i b`xi NvU eÜ nqv †MBwQj, g‡b bvB? euvke‡b S‡oi kã| †Zvi g‡b bvB| `¨vk †Zv †Zv‡i Kv‡Q FYx| †gvi Kv‡Q? gyB †h Mwi‡ei Mwie| KZ eo gvbyl Av‡Q, Zq †gvi Kv‡Q K¨v‡b? euvkeb, S‡oi ¯^‡i DËi †`q, guBy †Zv eo gvby‡li c‡ÿ bq, gyBu Mwi‡ei c‡ÿ| Avi ZzB G evsjvi Mwi‡ei me Mwi‡ei GKRb| Avgvi GL‡bv g‡b Av‡Q gyw³hy× ïiæ nIqvi AvIqvR ïwbqv †LqvNv‡Ui gvwS †Zv cvjvqv †Mj| ZzB jvd w`qv cvwb‡Z bvgwj| †Zvi cv cvnv‡oi g‡Zv wekvj n‡Z _vKj, gv_v wM‡q AvKv‡k †cuŠQvB‡jv| †Zvi Kv‡Q Avgvi FY| †kva Kwi w`evi †h K_v KI, Kx‡m †kva Kwi‡e? Avevi wekvj wecyj nqv DwV‡e| Avgvi Kv‡Q GB †Zvi FY| Avi †Zvi Kv‡Q GB †mB F‡Yi cwi‡kva| nVvr cv‡qi Kv‡Q fuvR †f‡O MícU Ly‡j hvq| mviv kni we`y¨‡Zi g‡Zv msev`wU cvq| Míc‡U bvwi‡K‡ji †gvqv jvj Avfv cvq| MRvi mij `Ð Zvi gv_vq †mvbvi wcuwoi g‡Zv wRjvwcwU e‡m hvq †hb †mvbvi cZvKv I‡o| kn‡ii †jv‡Kiv Pviw`K †_‡K wfo K‡i Av‡m| Avgiv ï‡bwQ Mwieyjvø †mB c‡Ui mgy‡L `uvov‡ZB P¨vÞv n‡Z-n‡Z c‡Ui ey‡K mUvb Qwe n‡q hvq| †jv‡Kiv AevK n‡q hvq| Zvici c‡Ui ey‡K mUvb †m `uvwo‡q c‡o| Mwi‡ei Mwie Mwieyjvø gv_vi Ic‡i jvj m~h© a‡i nv‡Z †mvbvi cZvKv wekvj GK cUwPÎ n‡q hvq| bxjcU Ñ Zvi gv_vq mybxj AvKvk| AvKv‡k jvj m~h,© Zvi cv‡k Mwieyjvø i nv‡Z †mvbvi cZvKv| AvKv‡ki bxj nvjKv n‡Z n‡Z µ‡gB meyR n‡q hvq| evsjvi euvke‡bi meyR| MícU, Mwieyjvø ‡K Zz‡j wb‡q bxj IB cUwPÎ evsjvi AvKv‡k D‡o hvq| r AbywjLb : Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK 24/9/2016, mKvj BDbvB‡UW nvmcvZvj


wb ‡e w` Z K we Zv

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Z…‡Y-QvIqv Avw`g wVKvbv Avmv` †PŠayix Lvwj nq| wVK Lvwj nq| †`Lv hvq bv, ZvÕ‡Z Kx! wK I‡q÷, R‡jk¦ix, †Rvovmuv‡Kv Auv‡Kv, hZ cv‡iv Gu‡K hvI, †cbwmj Kx Rji‡O AkÖæ-AvZ©bv‡` Auv‡Kv bvbv X‡O †Kej fivU Kiv bq wVKVvK †Q‡o †`IqvB wkí wKQz Lvwj _vK †kl Awã Kx KÕ‡i †h Lvwj nq †m wK wbm‡M©i mij wmMb¨v‡j? ey‡K cy‡i †PŠlwÆ nvRvi MÖvg `ytLx †nwjKÞvi AvKv‡k hv‡”Q KzwoMÖvg gvbyl AvmZv‡Q ev‡bi jvnvb civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZ‡i _‡i _‡i euvwk Avi †`vZiv GKZviv nv‡Z cvBc, `vwg †auvqv eøy wR‡Ý MZi †X‡K MU&MU& KÕ‡i †K †c‡ivq gj bv, Avi n‡e bv cvivcvi g Lvwj gj Lvwj †Uwe‡ji Amgvß cvÐzwjwc RÕ‡g _vKv Ams‡kvwaZ cÖæ‡di evwÛj ej‡cb, j¨vcUc wein kãwU †P‡b?

AjsKiY : me¨mvPx nvRiv

me Lvwj KÕ‡i Nv‡mi wVKvbv †g‡b †bIqv| 75


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Rjwa nvj`vi GK

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Avwg †b‡cb `v‡ivMv †_‡K AvmwQ wLw¯Í w`‡Z w`‡Z Av‡av Av‡av Puv‡`i Av‡jvq Miæi Mvwo‡Z GKRb wecøexi g„Z‡`n DRvo Muv‡q †cuŠ‡Q w`‡Z hvw”Q Av¸‡bi †jwjnvb ev”Pviv Zv‡K Rwo‡q ai‡Q... 77


Kwe P‡j †M‡Q? Avb›`gqx gRyg`vi `yB Zvjyi gvSLv‡b `yB wbgxwjZ cÙ‡KviK Avi A‡Svi †R¨vrmœvm‡db Nygy Ñ wkï, U‡e wkï Mv‡Qi evo‡Z PvIqv wbZvšÍ wbZvšÍ meyR n‡Z PvIqv nvo GB `» msmvi dz‡ji MÜ GLv‡b Avwm-Avwm K‡i ågi cjvZK Avwg Zey †_e‡o GLv‡bB ewm evievi Po–B‡qi mgqnxbZvq gwYe‡Ü Nwo ivwL bv †Zv Avi Kvj †h Ni †Lvjv wQj, †mLv‡b Pvwe c‡o †M‡Q Kvj †h Ni wQj †Lvjv, †mB evmv D‡V †M‡Q Kvj †h gvV ay-ay wQj, †mLv‡b †kIjv a‡i †M‡Q Kvj †h cyKzi eÜzcÖwZg, †mLv‡b cvb‡KŠwo †bB Avwg Zey Avgvi Kv‡Q Avwm duvKv D`¨v‡b GB `n‡b we”QywiZ cÖvY Kwei cÖqv‡Y KweZvi Qvqvc_ Lyu‡R ewm Ñ cwo bvbvb msev` wk‡ivbv‡g P‡j hvIqv Zuvi Le‡ii KvMR wb‡q Pv Avi gywoi †mvnv‡M GKUz duvK LyuwR †hb myo½c_ Rvbv Av‡Q Gwj‡mi †`wL myLx cvqiv Wvbv Sv‡o bvwK, Rvbvjvq 78 78

GBLv‡b AvwQ, AvwQ, Avgvi m‡½B, Ni‡Rvov Qvov †gŠgvwQ Ñ KweZviv Ñ KweZv hviv D‡¯‹ †`q, Zviv| GB N‡ii cÖvšÍ Ry‡o K¬vwšÍ Xvwj kix‡ii NU †_‡K †K-ev Rv‡b Kvi cyY¨ nq KuvUvZvi nvnvKvi ewji wPrKvi gy‡Q hv‡e bvwK, Ny‡P hv‡e bvwK, fq? Kwe P‡j †M‡Q, KweZvi †KUwj †_‡K Mig Pv‡qi D¯‹vwb †i‡L myNªv‡Y w`‡q †M‡Q A‡bK A‡bK NiQvov †gŠgvwQi D`vwmbZv g‡b c‡o, K`‡gi wb‡P, eiB‡qi U‡K ˆkk‡ei Awj‡›` Ñ Avi ˆK‡kv‡ii Szjeviv›`vq KweZvi KZ gayiZv Ñ we`vqx N‡i †h‡q †P‡q †b‡ev bvwK †mB me gw`i, gw`i Av‡jvwKZ ¯§„wZ?... Kwe P‡j †M‡Q? Avwg fvwe, †mvbvi †gvni †hB c‡_, †h-c‡_ cywbœgv-Pvb gay fiv gvwQ †m c‡_, Avwg wK Zey Avgvi n‡q AvwQ? Avgvi Kv‡QB wK †m-gvjøvi Ni, civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi?


†m Pwj hvq †Kb& †Rvev‡qi wgjb mKv‡j G‡Zv e„wó n‡jv †Kb, SvcyiSzcyi aviv eB‡jv †Kb, kÖve‡Yi AvKvk †Kb UzcUvc K‡i S‡i †Mj gv-nviv wkïi g‡Zv? †g‡Niv wK wcucovi g‡Zv †R‡bwQj †kv‡Ki c~e©vfvm? Ôciv‡Yi Mnx‡bi wfZiÕ avcyiaycyi fvOb! M½vi †mªvZ †L‡q wb‡”Q MvuI-†Muivg ÔKvi Kv‡Q hvBqv Kgy, †m Pwj hvq †Kb&!Õ Ôb~ij`xb Kvi Kv‡Q hvBqv K‡e Ñ †m Pwj hvq †Kb&! KwjgywÏb Kvi Kv‡Q hvBqv K‡e Ñ †m Pwj hvq †Kb&! R‡jk¦ix Kvi Kv‡Q hvBqv K‡e Ñ †m Pwj hvq †Kb&! KIÕbv Kvi Kv‡Q hvBqv Kgy, †m Pwj hvq †Kb&!Õ

GL‡bv Lyu‡R wdiwQ gv‡R`yj nK Pvwiw`‡K ïay †kv‡Ki gvZg! cÖK…wZi mg¯Í †Kvjvnj, AvKvk-evZvm, cvwLi KjKvKwj FZzivR emšÍ, Pvwiw`‡Ki Avb›` Drm‡ei gyLiZv GLb †Nvi Agvwbkvq mqjve| me †hb wbe©vK, wb_i kvšÍ, †evev Kvbœvi AvZ©bv`... nviv‡bvi †e`bvq ïwK‡q †M‡Q `y‡Pv‡Li Rj wbijm bxj K‡ói †mªvZ e‡q hv‡”Q k~b¨Zvi Mfxi AZ‡j| A`„k¨ AuvaviI ü`‡qi †fZi nvgv¸wo †`q cÖwZwU gyn~‡Z©, cÖwZwU ¶Y... GL‡bv †divwi n‡q Lyu‡R wdiwQ hvi nv‡Zi †Quvqvq wQj Am¤¢e Rv`y| †mB wPi‡Pbv, mvwnZ¨‡cÖgx, eûiƒ‡ci KY©avi A™¢yZ AvKwl©KZvi Av‡jvwKZ gvbylUv‡K|

79


Rxe‡bi †fv³v I `k©K gnxeyj AvwRR

Av

giv ZLb UMe‡M Zviæ‡Y¨ dzUwQ| ga¨ Avwki †mB DËvj Zv‡c Avgiv cy‡o hvB ïay| hy× ZL‡bv Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q cyi‡bv welq bq †h‡nZz hy×B wQj Avgv‡`i cyivY| ZrKv‡j Ae¨v‡L¨q †PZbv bvgK †Kv‡bv GK Av”QbœZvi †Nv‡i GKUz-GKUz K‡i Avgiv co‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQ| Pviw`‡K, iv¯Ívq-iv¯Ívq dzU‡Z _v‡K dzj Ñ ARmª Avi i³gq| gyw³hy× Av‡iv ZxeªZv wb‡q Avgv‡`i `Lj K‡i Ges Avgiv Abyfe Kwi, hy‡×i Avm‡j †kl †bB, hy× GK Pjgvb AMÖMwZi bvg| hy‡×-hy‡× Avgv‡`i †hŠeb µ‡g eq¯‹ n‡q I‡V| ˆ¯^ivPviwe‡ivax Av‡›`vj‡b ivRc_ gyûgy©û Kuv‡c Ñ kvm‡Kiv Zey †ev‡S bv, hy‡× hv‡`i BwZnvm R‡qi, Zv‡`i `gv‡bv Am¤¢e| g„Zz¨i Qvqv `xN© I cÖjw¤^Z nq †KejB| †mB Kivj Kv‡j Avgv‡`i nv‡Z Av‡m GKwU Dcb¨vm Ñ A™¢zZ GK MÖš’ Ñ M`¨-c`¨ wg‡jwg‡k GKvKvi| †hb Avgv‡`i †fZiUv Qyu‡q †h‡Z Pvq| †gvnvwe‡ói g‡Zv Avgiv cvV Kwi Ñ 81


Avgiv GB Kvwnwb Av‡MB ï‡bwQ, GLb ïbwQ Ges fwel¨‡ZI ïbe

(AšÍM©Z) †mB Kvwnwb Avgv‡`i mK‡ji Ñ Avgiv hviv hy× †`‡L eo n‡qwQ Zv‡`i mvg‡b †e`ev‡K¨i g‡Zv aŸwbZ nq Gme g~K kã| †mB Avgvi cÖ_g ˆmq` kvgmyj nK cvV| Zvici †_‡K Mí-Dcb¨vmKweZv-Kve¨bvU¨-M`¨ n‡q †mB cvV n‡q I‡V ùxZvwfÁ| wKš‘ Zuvi †Kv‡bv †jLvB g‡b nq bv AKviY, A‡hŠw³K| g‡b nq bv, KviY Rxe‡bi mvivrmvi Zuvi †gŠj †cÖiYv Ñ mgKvj wKsev BwZnvm meB Zuvi †PZbvkvwbZ iƒcKí| A‡bKKvj c‡i, Zuvi AmsL¨ iPbvq ¯œvZ nIqvi c‡i, Zuvi †mB ¯^iƒcwU‡K Av‡iv fv‡jvfv‡e eyS‡Z cvwi ZuviB wb‡Ri K_vq Ñ Avgvi hver †jLvB n‡”Q Rxe‡bi †fv³v I `k©K GB `yR‡bi hyMje›`x iPbv| Ab¨fv‡e, Avgvi mKj †jLvB n‡”Q Rxebc~Rv wb‡e`b I †mB c~RvMÖn‡Yi weeiY| wkíI Avm‡j Zv-B| wkí! wk‡íi †fZi w`‡qB Rxeb‡K Avwg Abyfe K‡iwQ; hv wKQy †`‡LwQ I †R‡bwQ meB Avwg wk‡í Abyev` K‡i wb‡qwQ; †mLv‡bB †kl bq, Avgvi c~e©eZx© I mgmvgwqK‡`i Kv‡iv Kv‡iv Abyev‡`I Avwg Rxe‡bi ¯^v` DjøwmZ wRnŸvq MÖnY K‡iwQ| (cÖYxZ Rxeb) KZKvj †cQ‡b P‡j hvB! Aa©kZvãx †Zv e‡UB, ZviI AwaK Ñ nq‡Zv cÖvq lvU eQi| †mB lvU eQi Av‡M GKRb gvbyl AevK †Pv‡L †`L‡Qb, ZviI evBk eQi Av‡M Zuvi wbR nv‡Z †cuvZv AvgMvQ Db¥Ë evZv‡mi SvcUvq `yj‡Q| GKwU mv`vgvUv cÖvK…wZK wPÎK‡íi AwaK wKQy nIqvi K_v bq GwUi| wKš‘ ZLb ev¯Í‡ei nvIqvI Db¥Ë| ev¯Íe ZvB cÖZxKZv wb‡q nvwRi| Gfv‡eB G‡K G‡K Avm‡Z _v‡K ÔKweÕ, ÔAvb‡›`i g„Zz¨Õ, ÔKvjvgvwSi Pob`viÕ, ÔcÖvPxb es‡ki wbt¯^ mšÍvbÕ, Ô†b‡cb `v‡ivMvi `vqfviÕ, Ô†bqvgZ‡K wb‡q Mí bqÕ, ÔR‡jk¦ixi `yB mwjgÕ, Ô¸ß Rxeb, cÖKvk¨ g„Zz¨Õ, Ômsm` m`‡m¨i Ry‡ZvÕ Ñ GKUv‡b GB Mí¸‡jvi bvg Kiv †Mj e‡U wKš‘ G n‡jv AvBmev‡M©i mvgvb¨ GKUzLvwb Avfvm| Avi Gme M‡íi GKwU †_‡K Ab¨wUi gvSLv‡b i‡q hvq Avb›` I †e`bv, †Kvjvnj I ¯ÍäZv, µ›`b I D`hvc‡bi AhyZ Dcj¶| Kv‡ji mv¶x ˆmq` nK Kvj‡K mv¶x K‡i †i‡L hvb Rxe‡bi Gme M‡íi g‡a¨| Kvj‡PZbv Zuvi cÖ_g MíMÖš’ †_‡KB eZ©gvb Zuvi iPbvq| ÔAvb‡›`i g„Zz¨Õ bvgK MíwU‡K c~e©e‡½i fvlv ms¯‹vi D‡`¨vM, evqvbœi fvlv-Av‡›`vjb, hy³d«‡›Ui wbe©vPb Gm‡ei †cÖ¶vc‡U †`L‡j Gi AšÍt‡mªv‡Z e‡q hvIqv e¨‡½i aviUzKz ey‡S †bIqv hvq| ¶xYKvq MíwU‡ZI `yB cvwK¯Ív‡bi Jcwb‡ewkKZvi m¤úK© Ges cyuwR-Ae¯’vi Bw½Z j¶ bv K‡i cviv hvq bv| c~e©evsjv I cwðg cvwK¯Ív‡b e¨emvq-cyuwRi cÖm‡½ GK e¨emvqx Av‡iK e¨emvqx‡K ej‡Q Ñ Ô`¨v‡Lv, GB GK PgrKvi e¨vcvi| cvb Rb¥vB Avgiv, cvb †L‡Z Rv‡b Iiv| Avjøv Zvi ev›`vi iæwRi R‡b¨ wK ZvRv e¨e¯’vB bv K‡i †i‡L‡Qb|Õ kvmK‡Mvôx †h c~e©evsjv‡K Avm‡j cwðg cvwK¯Ív‡bi im`-mieivnKvix fveZ ZviB Qvqv G‡Z LvwbKUv Sj‡K DVj| Avi GB SjKvwb Av‡iv ¯úó I cÖLi n‡q DV‡e Zuvi ÔKweÕ M‡í, †hLv‡b `wi`ª-weËnxb GK Kwe Ave`yi ie gybkx myeY© fweZ‡e¨i m¤¢vebv m‡Ë¡I wemR©b †`b bv we‡eK I AvZ¥gh©v`v Ñ Ô†h gvbyl bv Zvi bv‡g Mvb iPbvÕ ÔKweÕ‡K w`‡q iPbv Kiv hvq bv| Zuvi

82

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wd‡i wd‡i G‡m‡Q K‡ivwUi Abyl½| GLv‡b Av‡iK iKg bMœZv, Avw`gZv; GWfvW© gys‡Li Qwei †mB fvlvnxb wPrKv‡ii g‡Zv ev Ggb GK fvlv hv GL‡bv exR †d‡U †ewi‡q Av‡mwb| ÔwPšÍvi †fZ‡iÕ, Ô†PZbvi †fZ‡iÕ Ñ Gi e`‡j ˆmq` kvgmyj nK ej‡Z Pvb ÔK‡ivwUi †fZ‡iÕ| 1996-†Z GKwU mvÿvrKv‡i (eªvZ¨ ivBmy I ivRy AvjvDwχbi m‡½) GgbUvB e‡jwQ‡jb †jLK, Ôfvebv P‡j K‡ivwUi g‡a¨| K‡ivwUi †h A_©Uv †Zvgiv Rv‡bv †h K‡ivwU n‡”Q ¯‹vj, GUv‡K Avwg GKUv we‡kl Awfavq e¨envi Kwi| †mUv n‡”Q, `¨ †nvj w_swKs cÖ‡mm... K‡ivwU BR †gvi U¨vbwRej&|Õ GB †h Ô†nvj w_swKs cÖ‡mmÕ, G‡K wK Avgiv GK ai‡bi AvwK©ivBwUs (archewriting) ej‡Z cvwi? K‡ivwU †hb GK ¸nv, hvi Agm„Y †`qv‡j GL‡bv Avwe®‹vi nIqvi A‡cÿvq †R‡M Av‡Q GK wjwcgvjv| Rxeb wK GB M~p ms‡K‡ZiB cÖKvk bq? GB †jLK, kvgmyj nK †Zv Zvn‡j ej‡ZB cv‡ib, ÔAvwg wb‡Ri wb‡Ri Kv‡Q ¯úó n‡Z PvB| wb‡Ri Kv‡Q ¯úó nB, GwUB Avgvi Kv‡Q Riæwi|Õ †jLv Z‡e hveZxq gy‡Lvk Qy‡o †d‡j w`‡q gyLkÖxi AbymÜvb? ZvB Zv hyMcr †cÖgcÎ I nZ¨vi wbg©vY : 1. mvwnZ¨ Ñ mg‡qi Kv‡Q †jLv †cÖgcÎ| Avgiv hLb †cÖ‡g cwo, wPwV wjwL, ZLb Avgv‡`i †cÖgc‡Î _v‡K Avgv‡`iB Aw¯ÍZ¡-Abyf‡ei K_v, Avgv‡`i PvIqv-cvIqvi K_v, _v‡K Avgv‡`i AšÍM©Z welYœZv, Avb›`, B”Qv, cÖZ¨vkv, we‡kølY Ges AvZ¥Avwe®‹v‡ii ms‡KZ| 2. LybUv K‡i †djevi ci Lybx †hgb AuvZ‡K I‡V, Avn&, Avwg Lybx; GKRb cÖ_g †jLvwUi AÿicvZ K‡i D‡VB, AuvZ‡K bq Ñ GLv‡b Zdvr Ñ Avb‡›` D”Q¡wmZ n‡q I‡Vb Ñ Avwg wj‡L †d‡jwQ| Zvici †Suv‡Ki gv_vq Lyb Kiv †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv Lybx nq †ckv`vi Lybx, †Suv‡Ki gv_vq wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡i †KD †KD †jLK n‡q c‡ob| (gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ †_‡K) wb‡Ri Kv‡Q ¯úó nIqvi m~‡Î kvgmyj nK Lywbi Av‡iK Zvrc‡h©i K_v e‡jbwb : wb‡Ri G‡KKwU mËv‡K Lyb Ki‡Z Ki‡Z gvbyl Kxfv‡e wb‡Ri Kv‡Q ¯úó n‡q I‡V, Zvi bMœZvi gy‡LvgywL `uvovq Ges wb‡R‡KB cÖkœ K‡i : Avcwb wK Zv‡K †P‡bb? ˆmq` kvgmyj nK I Zuvi mvwnZ¨ m¤ú‡K© bvbv weZ‡K©i m~ÎcvZ, m¤¢eZ, GB cÖ‡kœi wfZ‡iB jyKv‡bv Av‡Q| `yB ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki †Ljvivg †L‡j hv (1973) GKB m‡½ Zuvi weL¨vZ Ges me‡P‡q fzj-†evSv Dcb¨vm| GK`v ÔAkøxjÕ, Ôc‡b©vMÖvwdÕ wn‡m‡e wPwýZ Dcb¨vmwU GL‡bv A‡b‡Ki Kv‡QB Zxeª wb›`vi jÿ¨| evei Avjx bv‡gi †Uwjwfk‡bi weL¨vZ ZviKv, †h we‡q‡Z wek¦vmx bq, G‡Ki ci GK wK‡kvix‡`i m‡½ †hŠbµxovq †g‡Z DV‡Z Abjm, †kl ch©šÍ Zvi g„Zz¨ nq Mvwo-`yN©Ubvq, ZviB wkKvi GK wK‡kvix‡K euvPv‡bvi Rb¨ cvjv‡Z wM‡q| †m Zvi †evb nvmby‡K euvPv‡Z cv‡iwb| Dcb¨v‡mi †k‡l Rv‡n`v I nvmby GKvKvi n‡q hvq : ÔnVvr Zvi Mvwo cy‡ji †kl _v‡g av°v †L‡q Wvb w`‡K Ny‡i hvq GKevi| Zvici †mB bÿÎ cÖwZdwjZ b`x‡Z Mwo‡q c‡o Rv‡n`v‡K wb‡q evei‡K wb‡q| AviI GKRb wQj, †m nvmby|Õ evei Avjx wØZxq wek¦hy‡×vËi c„w_exi †mB gvbyl, †h Aw¯Í‡Z¡i A¨vemvwW©wUi g‡a¨ NyicvK Lvq| GB A¨vemvwW©wUi weeiY Avj‡ei Kvgy †j‡Lb, ÔA world that can be explained by reasoning, however faulty, is a

familiar world. But in a universe that is suddenly deprived of illusions and of light, man feels a stranger. His is an irremediable exile, because he is deprived of memories of a lost homeland as much as he lacks the hope of a promised land to come. This divorce between man and his life, the actor and his setting, truly constitutes the feeling of Absurdity.’ GB wew”QbœZvi evZ©vB evei †`L‡Z cvq Gqvi‡cv‡U©i ev_iæ‡g : †K wj‡L †i‡L‡Q jvj †cbwmj w`‡q eo eo ni‡d Ñ †Ljvivg †L‡j hv|... evK¨wU AvR ch©šÍ fzj‡Z cv‡iwb evei| †h wj‡L‡Q RMr †m †P‡b| †h wj‡L‡Q †m wb‡R cÖZvwiZ| c„w_ex m¤ú‡K© Zvi GKwU gvÎ gšÍe¨ ev_iæ‡gi †`qv‡j †m DrKxY© K‡i †i‡L‡Q Ñ Ô†Ljvivg †L‡j hvÕ| K_vwUi `yiKg gv‡b `uvovq| gvbyl I Zvi Rxeb hLb wew”Qbœ, Awf‡bZv hLb Zvi gÂm¾v †_‡K Avjv`v n‡q †M‡Q, †bB nviv‡bv Rb¥f‚wgi ¯§„wZ ev fwel¨r f‚L‡Ði Bkviv, ZLb mewKQyB Aby‡gv`b‡hvM¨, AZGe Ô†Ljvivg †L‡j hvÕ| A_ev A`„k¨ †_‡K my‡Zv-bvPv‡bv cyZzj †Ljvi wkíxi D‡Ï‡k G †hb gvby‡li GK wb¯ú„n VvÆv, Ô†Ljvivg †L‡j hvÕ| `ywU A_© GKB we›`y‡Z G‡m †g‡k : ÔAvwg †Ljvivg, †L‡j hveÕ Avi Ô†Ljvivg, hv †Ljevi †L‡j hvI Avgv‡K wb‡q|Õ evei Avjx Avi †LjvUvi g‡a¨ wU‡K _vK‡Z cv‡i bv, Rv‡n`v Ñ Rv‡n`vi ga¨ w`‡q nvmby‡K †m Gevi euvPvq| wew”QbœZv †cwi‡q †m wb‡RB wb‡Ri Kv‡Q ¯úó n‡Z Pvq| wZb ZvB ˆmq` kvgmyj nK‡K M‡o wb‡Z nq wbR¯^ Dcwb‡ek Ñ iscy‡ii cUf‚wgKvq Zuvi KwíZ kni R‡jk¦ix, Rb¥¯’vb KzwoMÖv‡gi Av`‡j ˆZwi| Avgv‡`i g‡b co‡e, DBwjqvg dK&bv‡ii D”PviY : ÔThe past is not dead. In fact, it’s not even past.Õ dK&bviI GK KwíZ KvDw›U ˆZwi K‡iwQ‡jb ÔYoknapatawpha CountyÕ bv‡g, hvi g‡Wj wgwmwmwci jv‡d‡qj KvDw›U| †hgb Mvewi‡qj Mviwmqv gv‡K©‡mi gv‡Kv‡›`v, Avi †K bvivq‡Yi gvj¸wo| kvgmyj nK Rvbvb, ÔR‡jk¦ix †Zvgvi K‡ivwUi †fZ‡i, R‡jk¦ix †Zv AvgviB wbwg©Z; wKš‘ †m k~b¨ †_‡K M„nxZ bq, evsjvi gvwU †_‡KB Zvi Dcv`vb¸‡jv †bIqv| evsjvi gvby‡li AZxZ, eZ©gvb, fwel¨r Lye wbweo K‡i, Avgvi m„wói `ywU nv‡Zi †fZi aievi Rb¨B Rb¥ w`‡qwQ R‡jk¦ix, Zvi cUf‚wg‡Z ¯’vcb K‡iwQ gvbyl¸‡jv‡K|Õ R‡jk¦ixi Pviw`‡K K‡qKwU MÖvg I Rbc` Ñ gv›`vievwo, nw¯Íevwo, nv¸ivinvU, ivRvinvU, beMÖvg, eywoiPi, ejøviPi, kKzbgvwi Ges GKwU b`x Ñ aijv‡K g‡b †i‡L †i‡L Ñ Ava‡Kvkv| Av‡m wcZ…-es‡ki AZxZ ¯§„wZ Ñ KzZzeywÏb gvRvi| †jLK †QvU‡ejvq Zuvi wPwKrmK wcZvi mnKvix KweivR †`Iqvb Luvi Kv‡Q GK cyivYK_v ï‡bwQ‡jb| Ck¦ix GKw`b †bŠ‡Kvi cvUvZ‡b iv‡Lb Zvi ivOv cv, cvUwb †`ex‡K wPb‡Z cv‡iwb, hLb wPb‡Z cv‡i ZLb wZwb AšÍwn©Z| †mB R‡ji Ck¦ix †_‡KB R‡jk¦ix| 1974 wLªóv‡ã †ivR GKUz GKUz K‡i wØZxq w`‡bi Kvwnwb wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡ib kvgmyj nK| G-Dcb¨v‡mB R‡jk¦ixi AvZ¥cÖKvk| hwZ wPwýZ, `xN© GKwU Aby‡”Q‡`B †jLv nq Dcb¨vmwU| AvUwÎk eQi Av‡M †h R‡jk¦ix‡Z Zv‡ni gv÷v‡ii Rb¥ n‡qwQj, †mB kn‡i †cuŠ‡Q †m †`‡L, ÔR‡jk¦ix GLb fqven †Mvi¯Ívb Qvov Avi wKQyB bq|Õ GKvˇii gyw³hy× Ges Zvi cieZx© M„nhy‡×i cwiw¯’wZ R‡jk¦ix‡K e`‡j w`‡q‡Q, g„Zz¨‡K

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GLv‡b †KD ¯§iY K‡i bv; RxweZ‡K GLv‡b †KD m¤§vb K‡i bv| G‡K G‡K wbwl× †jvevb, AšÍM©Z, Îvwn, kKzbgvwii LeivLei, bv †h‡qv bv, ¯ÍäZvi Abyev`, k•LjvMv hyeZx I Puv`, gqjv Rvgvi †d‡ikZviv, eKzj iwOb ÷zwWI, ¸ß Rxeb cÖKvk¨ g„Z¨z , D‡o hvq gvjwZ cwi, Kzqvkvq mv`v †Nvov Mí-Dcb¨v‡m Zvi ¯§„wZmËv wb‡q †R‡M I‡V R‡jk¦ix| GB wmwi‡Ri †kÖô Dcb¨vm, Avgvi Kv‡Q, wbwl× †jvevb (1979)| R‡jk¦ix‡Z gv-evev-fvB‡qi †Luv‡R G‡m gyw³hy‡×i †kl c‡e© wejwKm Avwe®‹vi K‡i nZ¨vKvÐ I G‡Ki ci GK g„Z‡`n| iv¯Ívq c‡o _vKv g„Z‡`n‡K Kei w`‡Z †`‡e bv †mbvevwnbx, hvi g‡a¨ wejwK‡mi fvB †LvKvi ¸wjwe× g„Z‡`nI Av‡Q| wejwK‡mi m½x nq wmivR Ii‡d cÖ`xc bv‡gi wK‡kvi| gi‡`n¸‡jv Kei †`Iqvi cÖ¯w‘ Z †bq wejwKm, wmivR‡K e‡j, ÔH hviv g‡i †M‡Q, Zzwg I‡`i Avjv`v K‡i †`LQ e‡jB GK_v ej‡Z cviQ| hw` g‡b Ki‡Z Giv †ZvgviB Ask, Zvn‡j †`L‡Z I‡`i mrKvi K‡i Zzwg Rxeb‡K kÖ×v KiQ, m¤§vb w`”Q|Õ XvKv †_‡K R‡jk¦ix‡Z G‡m, hy‡×i cUf‚wgKvq, wejwKm n‡q I‡V GB evsjvi AvwšÍ‡Mv‡b| 1990 wLªóv‡ã cÖKvwkZ nq R‡jk¦ixi Mí¸‡jv Ñ Kwigb †eIqv, wejwKm, †bqvgZ, g‡bvni, kiewZ, AvRnvi, e¸©bwewe, mwgib, Zv‡ni‡`i Kvwnwb| R‡jk¦ix w`bcÎx †e‡ivq 2010 wLªóv‡ã| Míiv n‡q DV‡Z _v‡K Mí-

86

cÖeÜ| Rxeb I ¯^c,œ gyw³hy× I R‡jk¦ix GKvKvi n‡q hvq| R‡jk¦ix Ly‡j w`‡jv BwZnv‡mi †mB ce©, †hLv‡b ay‡jv-Iov c_ Avi Zvi ey‡K kÖgRxex gvby‡li c`wPý AuvKv Av‡Q| 1982 wLªóv‡ã wd‡i G‡jv b~ij`xb, 1783 wLªóv‡ãi iscyi we‡`ªv‡ni K…lK †bZv| kvgmyj nK wjL‡jb b~iæj`x‡bi mvivRxeb bvUK| ÔAvgv‡`i gvwUi bvqK‡`i wb‡q bvU‡Ki gva¨‡g wKQy KivÕi fvebv †_‡KB b~ij`xb| wZwb wj‡LwQ‡jb, Ô...GB gvwU‡Z Rb¥ wb‡qwQ‡jb Ggb †hme MYbvqK‡`i Avgiv fz‡j wM‡qwQ Zv‡`i Avevi Avgiv m¤§y‡L †`Le Ges Rvbe †h Avgv‡`i MYAv‡›`vj‡bi BwZnvm `xN©w`‡bi I A‡bK eo gwngvi Ñ mevi Ic‡i, Dwbk‡kv GKvˇii msMÖvg †Kv‡bv wew”Qbœ NUbv bq|Õ iscy‡ii AvÂwjK fvlvq †jLv GB bvU‡K b~ij`x‡bi AvnŸvb ÔRv‡Mv ev‡n, †Kvb‡V mevq?Õ bvU¨e¯‘i eqvb †f‡O aŸwbZ-cÖwZaŸwbZ nq (Kj¨vYx bvU¨PP©v †K›`ª m¤úªwZ bvUKwU g¯’ K‡i‡Q)| †Ljvivg †L‡j hvi evei Avjxi wew”QbœZv †_‡K Zv‡ni, wejwKm I R‡jk¦ixi gvbyl‡`i msjvc, `y‡kv eQi c‡i b~ij`x‡bi wd‡i Avmv Ñ ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki K‡ivwU-wjwc Gfv‡eB †jLv nq| GmeB Zuvi civ‡bi Mnxb wfZ‡ii K_v| [K…ZÁZv : wcqvm gwR`, XvKv, evsjv‡`k| wK‡kvi †mb¸ß, Kj¨vYx bvU¨PP©v †K›`ª|] r


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‡g †M‡Q ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki (1935-2016) †mvbvwj Kjg| ¯^cœgq Av‡iKwU Aa¨v‡qi mgvwß NUj| Avi Zuv‡K †`Lv hv‡e bv eB‡gjv, KweZv Drm‡e, AvÇvq, wKsev msK‡U-msMÖv‡g, †mB wcÖq gyL| Lye Kv‡Q †_‡KB A‡b‡K eyS‡Z cv‡ibwb Zuvi gnË¡ wKsev e„nr AvqZ‡bi ¸iæZ¡| Luy‡R cvbwb Zuvi m„wókxj fze‡bi K‚jwKbviv| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki g‡Zv Av‡iKRb †jL‡Ki Rb¥ n‡e wK-bv Rvwb bv| Z‡e GUzKz ej‡Z cvwi, GB K…Zx †jLK wefv‡MvËi mvwnZ¨‡K †hfv‡e cvj‡U w`‡q‡Qb, Avi †Kv‡bv GKK †jL‡Ki c‡ÿ Zv m¤¢e wQj bv| KweZv, Mí, Dcb¨vm, bvUK, Kve¨bvUK, cÖeÜ, Abyev`, Mvb, Pjw”P‡Îi Kvwnwb Ñ GK nv‡Z ˆmq` nK‡K KZ wKQyB bv Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q! me¨mvPx bvgUv Gfv‡eB hy³ n‡q hvq Zuvi bv‡gi m‡½| mvwn‡Z¨i AvMš‘K FZzi g‡ZvB ˆmq` n‡Ki m„wóm¤¢vi mxgvbv Qvwo‡q `uvwo‡q Av‡Q D¾¡j, Agwjb, wPivqZ D”PZvq| 87


Avwg g‡b Kwi, †`kfv‡Mi ci XvKv‡Kw›`ªK mvwn‡Z¨ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK GKwU gvBjdjK| whwb XvKv‡Kw›`ªK mvwnZ¨‡K MÖvgwbf©iZv †_‡K cÖ_g bvMwiKgb¯‹Zvq Zz‡j a‡ib| cÂv‡ki `k‡K, ZL‡bv XvKvq bMivqY, AvaywbK bvMwiKZvi †Quvqv jv‡Mwb| kû‡i ga¨weË †kÖwY ZLb m‡egvÎ M‡o DV‡Q| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †mB M‡o-IVv bMiRxeb I bvMwiK‡`i RxebwPÎ Zz‡j a‡ib Zvm (1954) MíMÖ‡š’| kirP›`ª P‡Ævcva¨vq †hgb GKKv‡j PwiÎnxb Dcb¨vm wj‡L evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ PvÂj¨ m„wó K‡iwQ‡jb, †Zgwb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK XvKv‡Kw›`ªK mvwn‡Z¨ PvÂj¨ m„wó K‡ib †Ljvivg †L‡j hv (1962) Dcb¨vm wj‡L| AvaywbKZvi cÖavb K_vwU n‡”Q e¨w³¯^vZš¿¨| AvZ¥m‡PZbZv gvbyl‡K mgvR-kixi †_‡K Avjv`v K‡i‡Q, wew”Qbœ K‡i‡Q, ¯^fv‡ei AweKj Abymvix K‡i‡Q| ¯^fvex-A¯^fvex Dcv`vbvewj, †mI Rxe‡biB GKwU we‡kl GjvKv| Dcb¨vm wjL‡Z e‡m ˆmq` kvgmyj nK AvZ¥m‡PZb, e¨w³gvby‡li Rxeb‡KB †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb| †mB mgq IiKg `ytmvnmx, wbixÿvcÖeY, D™¢vebx kw³i Ici wfwË K‡i Dcb¨vm iPbvi K_v †KD wPšÍvB K‡iwb| †Ljvivg †L‡j hv Ñ cÖ_g cÖKv‡kB weZ‡K©i So D‡VwQj cvVKgn‡j| Awf‡hvM D‡VwQj AkøxjZvi| GKB m‡½ wbw›`Z Ges Awfbw›`Z n‡q‡Qb ˆmq` nK| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, Ô†Ljvivg †L‡j hv iPbvi cÖvq Kzwo eQi ciI Gi Rb¨ Avgv‡K Ab¨vb¨ iPbvi †P‡q A‡bK †ewk Revew`wn Ki‡Z nq| †Ljvivg †L‡j hv G‡`‡k me‡P‡q fzj‡evSv Dcb¨vm| bv, G-Dcb¨v‡mi Rb¨ Avwg jw¾Z bB, eis Avwg jw¾Z Zv‡`i Rb¨, hviv Dcb¨v‡mi †bc_¨ GKwU PwiÎ Ñ evei Avjxi †evb‡K m¤ú~Y© fz‡j wM‡q †Kej evejx ev Rv‡n`vi K_v g‡b iv‡LÕ (f‚wgKv, †kÖô Dcb¨vm, 1990)| evei Avjxi †evb nvmby nvwi‡q hvIqvi NUbvi g‡a¨ evei Avjxi DËiKv‡ji Rxebhvc‡bi GKUv m~²m~Î Luy‡R cvIqv hvq| jvMvgnxb g`¨gvZvj evei Avjx e‡j Ñ Ônv-nv| Avgvi †KD †bB| †KD †bB| †Kv‡bv wKQy Avgvi bq| bv gvwU, bv gb, bv gvbyl|Õ Gqvi‡cv‡U©i ev_iæ‡gi †`qv‡j †jLv Ñ †Ljvivg †L‡j hv| †h wj‡L‡Q †m RMr †P‡b| †h wj‡L‡Q †m wb‡R cÖZvwiZ| c„w_ex m¤ú‡K© Zvi GKwUgvÎ gšÍe¨ ev_iæ‡gi †`qv‡j †m DrKxY© †i‡L‡Q Ñ ÔAvgiv wbgw¾Z nB, †mB bÿÎ cÖwZdwjZ b`x‡Z, Mwo‡q c‡o Mvwo Rv‡n`v‡K wb‡q, evei‡K wb‡q|Õ A_©vr cZb, GB GKwU ev‡K¨ `uvwo‡q Av‡Q cy‡iv Dcb¨vm| mf¨Zvi AveiY Ly‡j †hb Avgv‡`i mvg‡b G‡m e‡j Ñ Avwg nvmby, Avwg jwZdv, Avwg evejx, Avwg Rv‡n`v Ges Avwg evei Avjx| D‡b¥vwPZ nq Avgv‡`i mvg‡b GK wecbœ we¯§q| Bw¯¿ Kiv kv‡U©i wb‡P †X‡K ivLv ÿ‡Zi g‡Zv hvi wKQy AskgvÎ D‡b¥vPb, `„k¨gvb K‡i †`wL‡q‡Qb ˆmq` nK| †Ljvivg †L‡j hv evsjv‡`‡ki GKwU mvevjK Dcb¨vm| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Ab¨ Dcb¨vm¸‡jvi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q Ñ GK gwnjvi Qwe (1959), Abycg w`b (1962), mxgvbv Qvwo‡q (1964), bxj `skb (1981), ¯§„wZ‡ga (1986), g„Mqvq Kvj‡ÿc (1986), ¯ÍäZvi Abyev` (1987), GK hye‡Ki Qvqvc_ (1987), ¯^cœ msµvšÍ (1989), ev‡iv w`‡bi wkï (1989), ebevjv wKQy UvKv avi wb‡qwQj (1989), Îvwn (1989), Zzwg †mB Zievix (1989), K‡qKwU gvby‡li †mvbvjx †hŠeb (1989), e„wó I we‡`ªvnxMY (cÖ_g LÐ 1989, wØZxq LÐ 1990), †kÖô Dcb¨vm (1990), wbe©vwmZv (1990), wbwl× †jvevb (1990), wØZxq w`‡bi Kvwnbx (1990), evwjKvi P›`ªhvb (1990), Avqbv wewei cvjv (1990), †gN I †gwkb (1991), Bnv gvbyl (1991), gnvk~‡b¨ civb gvóvi (1992), †Rmwgb †ivW (1992), Uvb Uvb (1994), †PvLevwR (1994), AšÍM©Z

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(1995), `~iZ¡ (1995), Avwg evwm, Zzwg evm †Zv (1996), Ab¨ GK Avwj½b (1996), GK gy‡Vv Rb¥f‚wg (1997), ev¯ÍeZvi `uvZ I KivZ (1999), eyKwSg fv‡jvevmv (2001), A‡Pbv (2003), ivRvi my›`ix (2007), †Kivwbi †`Šo (2015) Amgvß| Zuvi cÖwZwU Dcb¨v‡m i‡q‡Q cÖKiY cwiPh©v, kÖgwbôvi ¯^vÿi| fvlvi †mŠKh© I KviæKvh© cvVK‡K wew¯§Z K‡i| Nbwcb× GK fvlvfw½ wQj Zuvi AvqË| Bs‡iwR fvlvqI Zuvi mgvb `ÿZv _vKvi Kvi‡Y ˆmq` nK evsjv fvlvUv‡K cÖengvb †mªv‡Zi g‡Zv Dcb¨v‡m cÖ‡qvM K‡i‡Qb| ˆmq` n‡Ki M`¨fvlv AvšÍR©vwZK gvÎvq DbœxZ| KweZvq wKsev Kve¨bvU‡K wZwb Aejxjvq e¨envi K‡i‡Qb AvÂwjK kã, D”PviY, wKš‘ Dcb¨v‡m wZwb GKwU cwikxwjZ, cwigvwR©Z cÖengvb M‡`¨ Kvwnwb eY©bv K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi cÖwZwU Dcb¨v‡m Rxeb‡K bZzb K‡i Avwe®‹vi Ges D™¢vebvi cÖ‡Póv we`¨gvb| evwjKvi P›`ªhvb, Zzwg †mB Zievix Ges Ab¨ GK Avwj½b Ñ G wZbwU Dcb¨vm jÛ‡bi cUf‚wg‡Z evOvwj‡`i Mí| cvðvZ¨ mgvR-ms¯‹…wZ‡Z wg‡k hvIqv evOvwj‡`i †kKo †Quovi hš¿Yv, Djøçb, ev¯ÍeZv I Aw¯Í‡Z¡i Uvbvc‡ob, Z…òvZ© †cÖ‡gi AvZ¥jxb, AbyZvc, AvwZ© cÖavb n‡q D‡V‡Q IB Dcb¨vm¸‡jv‡Z| †hgb Zzwg †mB Zievix Dcb¨v‡m GK ZiæY `¤úwZ GK eÜz `¤úwZi evmvq mve‡jU _v‡K| ZiæYx ¯¿xi m‡½ ¯^vgxi eÜzi ciKxqv M‡o I‡V| †gv‡UI A‡Pbv Mí bq, Zey cÖKv‡ki †mŠK‡h© †mwU Awfbe n‡q I‡V| eo wbcyY †KŠk‡j, Rv`yK‡ii g‡Zv wZwb NUbvi web¨vm K‡ib Dcb¨v���m| †Pbv gvbyl, †Pbv Mí Avi †Pbv _v‡K bv, Mfxi we¯§‡q Ges Avgv‡`i †fZiwU SuvwK‡q w`‡q e‡j Ñ mZ¨! GiKgB nq| my‡Li Avov‡j gy‡Lvk, kVZv, fÐvwgi c‡j¯Íviv L‡m wM‡q †fZ‡ii gvbylwU‡K D‡b¥vwPZ K‡ib ˆmq` nK Zuvi Dcb¨v‡m| Rxeb‡K A‡š^lY I Avwe®‹vi, RMr‡K Rvbv I †evSvi cÖ‡qvR‡b ˆmq` nK Dcb¨vm †j‡Lb| Zuvi fvlvq Ñ Ôgvbyl Rb¥ †bq, wKš‘ †m Rb¥ Zvi Ici Pvwc‡q †`qv GKwU NUbv| gvbyl Rb¥ †bq, †e‡o I‡V Ges AwP‡iB †m Avwe®‹vi K‡i †m nq GK `ytkxj `y‡e©va¨ c„w_ex‡Z| wKQy cÖkœ µgk wecyj, cÖej I webvkx n‡q †`Lv †`q Zvi Kv‡Q Ñ Avwg †K? Avwg †Kb? Avwg †Kv_vq? G cÖkœ¸‡jv gvbyl we‡ePbv K‡i‡Q gnvKv‡e¨, GLb wek kZ‡K K‡i Dcb¨v‡m| Avwg †K? Avgv‡K fvevq, Avwg †Kb? Avgv‡K fxZ K‡i, Avwg †Kv_vq? Ñ Avgv‡K wbtm½ K‡i †`q|Õ (f‚wgKv, †kÖô Dcb¨vm) †`kfvM, fvlv-Av‡›`vjb, gyw³hy×, D_vj-cvZvj, UvjgvUvj, mgq, i³ I AkÖæi AwfÁZv‡K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zuvi m„wóK‡g© mÂvwiZ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| me©ÎB †`k-RvwZ-RbMY-BwZnvm-HwZn¨ Zuvi †jLvi wfwË I welq wQj| gyw³hyׇK cUf‚wg K‡i wj‡L‡Qb bxj `skb, wbwl× †jvevb, e„wó I we‡`ªvnxMY Dcb¨vm| wbwl× †jvevb Dcb¨v‡mi wejwKm, hvi AvZ¥xq¯^Rb, wcZvgvZv, fvB‡evb, Nievwo me©¯^ jywy ÉZ nq hy‡×i ïiæ‡Z| GgbwK ¯^vgx AvjZvd ch©šÍ wb‡LuvR nq, †mB wejwKm hy‡×i mgq Am¤¢e †R`, Av”QbœZvi ga¨ w`‡q †cuŠ‡Q beMÖv‡g| †m-hvÎvq Zvi m‡½ hy³ nq wmivR (Avmj bvg cÖ`xc Kzgvi wek¦vm)| wmivR wejwK‡mi mvnv‡h¨ GwM‡q G‡m Rwo‡q c‡o NUbvi m‡½| Dcb¨v‡m wejwKm Zvi g„Z fvB‡qi jvk Kei w`‡Z wM‡q †`‡L †mLv‡b Av‡iv A‡bK jvk c‡o Av‡Q| wmivR Avi wejwKm jvk¸‡jv Kei w`‡Z Pvq †Mvc‡b| †Kbbv nvbv`vi‡`i †NvlYv wQj, jvk¸‡jv †KD mrKvi Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| wejwKm Avi wmivR jvk¸‡jv Kei w`‡Z wM‡q wgwjUvwii nv‡Z aiv c‡o| wejwKm ZLb gkv‡ji g‡Zv mg¯Í kixi‡K cÖRw¡ jZ K‡i Afvebxq cÖw µqvq cÖw Zev` K‡i| bxj `skb Dcb¨v‡m


KvRx bRiæj Bmjvg PwiÎwUI bvUKxqZvq cwic~Y©| e„wó I we‡`ªvnxMY Dcb¨v‡m †`Lv hvq, e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingvb 10 Rvbyqvwi †hw`b ¯^‡`k cÖZ¨veZ©b K‡ib, ew›` †_‡K ¯^vaxbZvq, AÜKvi †_‡K Av‡jvq, evsjvi gvwU‡Z hLb cv ivLwQ‡jb ZL‡bv wQj e„wó, NvZ‡Ki nv‡Z hLb wbnZ n‡jb ZL‡bv Aweivg e„wó wQj Ges †kL nvwmbv 1981 mv‡j gv-gvwUi Kv‡Q wd‡i G‡jb, †mw`bI wQj e„wó| e„wói m‡½ Zuvi e¨w³MZ AkÖæI hy³ n‡q wM‡qwQj| ÔR‡jk¦ixÕ bv‡g Zuvi KwíZ MÖvg Avm‡j evsjv‡`‡ki cÖZxK| Dcb¨v‡m gwnDwχbi wcZv ˆmq` RvjvjDwÏb, Zvi evwjKvea~ kvgwm †eMg, cyÎea~ dzjwK, hvi †c‡U gwni mšÍvb| kvgwm †eMg wb‡Ri bv‡gi m‡½ wgwj‡q bvwZwUi bvg †i‡L‡Qb kvgmywÏb| kvgmywÏb gv‡b Øx‡bi kvgm&, a‡g©i m~h©| ag© †Zv Avi wKQy bq, ag© n‡”Q cÖK…Z A‡_© ZvB Ñ hv Avgv‡`i aviY K‡i| (e„wó I we‡`ªvnxMY, c„ 508) Dcb¨v‡m ˆmq` n‡Ki fvlv-†KŠkj, cÖengvb M`¨fw½ wb‡q c„_K M‡elYv n‡Z cv‡i| ˆmq` IqvjxDjøvn&i ci evsjv‡`‡ki mvwn‡Z¨ Dcb¨v‡mi fvlv, Avw½K, cÖKiY wb‡q ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Qvov GZ wbixÿv Avi †KD K‡ibwb| Zuvi AbyR kwn`yj Rwni G-we‡ePbvq ZuviB DËivwaKvi| Avgv‡`i AwaKvsk Jcb¨vwmKB ÔUª¨vwWkbvj †÷vwi †UjviÕ| †Pbv RMr wb‡q mvaviY eyw×i Mí †j‡Lb A‡b‡K wKš‘ Dcb¨v‡mi Avw½K, cÖKiY, fvlv‰kjx m¤ú‡K© D`vmxb| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Mí ÔZvmÕ, ÔgvbylÕ, ÔKweÕ, Ôi³‡MvjvcÕ Awe¯§iYxq| wbQK AvL¨vb iPbv bq, Zuvi A‡š^lY gvbyl I gvby‡li Rxebhvc‡bi wbwnZv_©| mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK cÖ‡kœi DËi mÜvb| ˆmq` n‡Ki ÔürKj‡gi Uv‡bÕ, ÔgvwR©‡b gšÍe¨Õ, ÔM‡íi KjKâvÕ ¸iæi wb‡`©‡ki g‡Zv c‡o wk‡LwQ A‡bK wKQy Ñ evK¨, ˆkjx, kã e¨envi Ñ GgbwK `uvwo, Kgv, †mwg‡Kvjb †Kv_vq, Kxfv‡e cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Z n‡e Ñ me| AvZ¥cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ ˆmq` nK KZ bv c_ †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb Ñ KweZv Ñ GLv‡bI Zuvi wbixÿv Amvgvb¨, Q›`-kã-Dcgv-†jvK-HwZ‡n¨i e¨envi Cl©Yxq| LÐ KweZvi w`b dzwi‡q G‡m‡Q| ˆmq` nK KweZvi d‡g©i cwieZ©b NUv‡jb| wjwi‡Ki e`‡j wjL‡jb AvL¨vbg~jK Kve¨| gy³K Aÿie„‡Ëi e`‡j Nbwcb× cqvi Q›` Ges AšÍ¨wg‡ji KweZvq †g‡j ai‡jb wb‡R‡K| Zuvi cÖKvwkZ Kve¨MÖ‡š’i g‡a¨ Av‡Q GK`v GK iv‡R¨ (1961), weiwZnxb Drme (1969), ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv (1970), cÖwZaŸwbMY (1973), Aci cyiæl (1978), civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi (1980), i¾yc‡_ P‡jwQ (1988), †eRvb kn‡ii Rb¨ †Kvivm (1989), GK Avðh© msM‡gi ¯§„wZ (1989), AwMœ I R‡ji KweZv (1989), Kvb‡b Kvb‡b †ZvgviB mÜv‡b (1990), Avwg Rb¥MÖnY Kwiwb (1990), †Zviv‡ci fvB (1990), †kÖô KweZv (1990), bvwfg~‡j f¯§vavi (1990) BZ¨vw`| KweZvq Zuvi evKcUzZv, evKcÖwZgv wbg©vY, †jvK-HwZn¨ e¨envi, AvÂwjK D”Pvi‡Y wfbœ GKwU gvÎv jÿ Kiv hvq| †cÖgv‡eM Zuvi K‡Éi cÖavb ¯^i n‡jI cÖKvkfw½‡Z Mfxi, Mvp D”PviY Zuvi KweZv‡K cvVKwcÖqZv `vb K‡i‡Q| Ô†Zvgv‡i †h fv‡jvev‡m Gi w_Kv Av‡iv cuvP¸Y/ Avjøvi Kmg Avwg w`gy Zv‡i GB RvgvLvb,/ Avgvi Kjg w`gy Zv‡i, kix‡ji Lyb/ †`vqvZ fivqv w`gy, Aby‡iva Lvwj GKLvb Ñ / †m h¨vb Avgvi w_Kv Av‡iv fv‡jv c`¨ †j‡L Avi/ hv`yg‡š¿ iƒcvi wkKj nv‡Z w`‡Z cv‡i Zvi|/ †Zvgv‡i †h fv‡jvev‡m Gi w_Kv Av‡iv `k¸Y/ Avjøvi Kmg Avwg w`gy Zv‡i GB evwoLvb,/ Avgvi DVvb Avwg w`gy Zv‡i kx‡Zi Av¸b/ wb‡RB mvRvqv w`gy, Aby‡iva Lvwj GKLvb Ñ / †m h¨vb Avgvi w_Kv Av‡iv wb`ªv hvq Avi/ Zv‡iB wbK‡U cvq| hvi wbK‡U _vKvi|/ b‡Pr bóvwg Rvwb, hw` cvQ bv Qv‡o Avgvi/ Mv‡O‡Z Pzevb w`qv

Zv‡i Avwg ïKv‡ev Avevi|Õ (civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi-11) ÔAvgvi cwiPqÕ wk‡ivbv‡g ˆmq` nK wj‡L‡Qb Ñ ÔAvwg R‡b¥wQ evsjvq Avwg evsjvq K_v ewj|/ Avwg evsjvi Avjc_ w`‡q, nvRvi eQi Pwj|/ Pwj cwjgvwU †Kvg‡j Avgvi Pjvi wPý †d‡j|/ †ZikZ b`x ïavq Avgv‡K, †Kv_v †_‡K Zzwg G‡j?/ Avwg †Zv G‡mwQ Ph©vc‡`i Aÿi¸‡jv †_‡K/... GKB nvwmgy‡L evRv‡qwQ euvwk, Mjvq c‡iwQ duvm,/ Av‡cvl Kwiwb KL‡bvB Avwg Ñ GB nÕ‡jv BwZnvm|/ GB BwZnvm fz‡j hv‡ev AvR, Avwg wK †Zgb mšÍvb?/ hLb Avgvi Rb‡Ki bvg †kL gywReyi ingvb;Õ Kwe-Aw¯§Zvi Avðh© GK cÖKvk GLv‡b jÿ Kiv hvq| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki cÖwZfvi †kÖô cÖKvk N‡U‡Q Zuvi Kve¨bvU‡K| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq (1976) Kve¨bvU‡K gyw³hy‡×i gg©š‘` NUbvi weeiY D‡V G‡m‡Q| nvbv`vi evwnbxi †`vmi wcZv a‡g©i †`vnvB w`‡q Avcb Kb¨v‡K Zz‡j †`q cvwK¯Ívwb wgwjUvwii nv‡Z| Avcb Kb¨vI ZLb wcZvi weiæ‡× P‡j hvq| MÖvgevmx gvZe‡ii AcK‡g©i NUbv Rvb‡Z Pvq| gvZe‡ii gy‡Lvk D‡b¥vwPZ nq Ñ ÔAvbvR KzU‡Z AvwQ| GKv cvKNi mybmvb|/ nVvr AvQvo w`qv Avmgv‡b †`Lv w`j Pvb/ GKdvwj K`yi jvnvb|/ wK Rvwb wK‡mi Z‡i Qu¨vr KBiv DVj civb/ GKevi g‡b nBj Kvi h¨vb Qvqv/ †K h¨vb Lvovqv/ cvKN‡ii `yqv‡i, †`wL Avc‡b c‡Ui jvnvb|/ ÔwK jvM‡ev, wK w`gy evÕRvb?Õ Ñ/ Zvi bv w`qv DËi/ ÔZi gv-†q KB?Õ eBjv N‡ii wfZi/ wMqv KB‡jb, cvKNi w_Kv †kvbv hvq,/ Ô†g‡qUv‡i †g‡jUvwi Pvq,Õ/ KB‡jb ÔG‡Z †Kv‡bv †`vl bvB,/ ivRx KiwQ †m nB‡ev Avgvi RvgvB|Õ gvZe‡ii gy‡Lvk MÖvgevmxi Kv‡Q D‡b¥vwPZ nq| j¾vq, Møvwb‡Z, Acgv‡b gvZe‡ii Ae¯’v nq ivRv BwWcv‡mi g‡Zv| Kve¨ Avw½‡Ki g‡Zv GKUv myD”P wkívw½‡K ˆmq` nK Zv mdjfv‡e Zz‡j ai‡Z †c‡i‡Qb, GLv‡bB Zuvi K…wZZ¡| AvÂwjK fvlvfw½ cÖ‡qv‡Mi d‡j bvU‡Ki Pwiθ‡jv Av‡iv RxešÍ n‡q D‡V‡Q| Ô†`Lv w`j PvbÕ, ÔGKdvwj K`yi jvnvbÕ GB †jvKR cÖwZgv-Dcgv cÖ‡qvM, ˆmq` n‡Ki Avðh©gq cÖwZfv‡KB ¯^vÿwiZ K‡i| b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb Kve¨bvUK †Kej iscy‡ii AvÂwjK e„‡Ëi g‡a¨ mxgve× _v‡K bv| 1189 m‡bi b~ij`xb, gvwUeZx© K… lK †bZvi Rxeb I msMÖvg wPiKvjxb evOvwji msMÖvgx †PZbvi cÖZxK n‡q D‡V‡Q| Ôb~ij`x‡bi evwo iscy‡i †h wQj/ iscy‡i b~ij`xb GKw`b WvK w`‡qwQj 1189 mv‡ji/ Avevi evsjvi eywS c‡o hvq g‡b/ b~ij`x‡bi K_v g‡b c‡o hvq/ hLb kKzb †b‡g Av‡m GB evsjvq/ b~ij`x‡bi K_v g‡b c‡o hvq/ hLb Avgvi †`k †Q‡q hvq `vjv‡jiB AvjLvjøvq/ b~ij`x‡bi K_v g‡b c‡o hvq/ hLb Avgvi ¯^cœ jyU n‡q hvq/... AfvMv gvbyl †hb †R‡M I‡V Avevi G Avkvq/ †h, Avevi b~iæj`xb GKw`b Avwm‡e evsjvq/ Avevi b~ij`xb GKw`b Kvj c~wY©gvq/ w`‡e WvK, ÔRv‡Mv, ev‡n, †Kvb‡V mevq?Õ (b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb) GB †h AvnŸvb, †R‡M IVvi Rb¨, msMÖv‡g Suvwc‡q covi Rb¨, Gi GKwU wPivqZ Zvrch© i‡q‡Q| †kvlY I wbh©vZ‡bi weiæ‡× msMÖvgx †PZbvi GB `vX©¨ DÌvb †kŠh©-ex‡h©iB cÖZxK| DËiJcwb‡ewkK `„wó‡KvY †_‡K we‡ePbv Ki‡j GB wWm‡Kv‡m©i bZzb GK bv›`wbK `iRv Ly‡j hvq| †iuvjv ev_© (1915-80) Ô†jL‡Ki g„Zz¨Õ bvgK cÖe‡Ü wj‡L‡Qb, Ô†UK&÷Õ n‡jv g~jZ ÔeûgvwÎK GK cwimiÕ †h-cwim‡i eûiKg wjLb GKwÎZ, RwoZ, ci¯úwiZ, m¤úwK©Z| †iuvjv ev_© †h ÔeûgvwÎK cwim‡iiÕ K_v e‡j‡Qb, Zv Av‡Q ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Kve¨bv‡U¨ Ñ wecyjfv‡e, A_©c~Y©fv‡e Av‡Q| KviY ˆmq` kvgmyj nK n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb Ggb GK cÖwZfvevb D™¢veK, whwb Aw¯ÍZ¡‡K eûgvwÎKZvq Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb| r

89


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GK Kvj wQj, c`vewj wQj| wQj †MŠi‡ei Amvgvb¨ eqvb, AZx‡Zi Uv‡b wm³ Rxeb-eZ©gvb| f‚wg I AvKvk GKvKvi, Avgv‡`i m‡½ Av‡iv fwel¨‡Zi KweZvi my‡hv‡Mi m¤¢vi| kã Ges ¯^i, AZtci ivRc‡_ SvÛv Dwo‡q ü`‡qi i³v³ Lei Av`vb-cÖ`vb| wZwb wQ‡jb Zuvi Zv‡c wKsev ei‡d MwZ e`wj‡q wQj evqy, b¶Î †R¡‡jwQj Avqy Ges ˆPZb¨ Ry‡o wQj KweZvi †¯^`| †evSvi AeKvk bv w`‡q weeZ©b †j‡M‡Q cv‡o, hgybvi eywSev wg‡j‡Q bZzb R‡ji mgvPvi| nq‡Zv R‡jk¦ix a‡i‡Q gvby‡li mxgv‡iLv, Avgv‡`i cÖwZi¶vK‚j| KzwoMÖvg K‡i AvbPvb : ÔAvgvi gvwUi mšÍvb, `y‡ai weQvbv cv‡Z Z¨vwMqv RvnvbÕ| `yišÍ evwRKi GK ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, Zuv‡K Kwe ej‡j c~Y© nq fvlvi m¤§vb| G eo `viæY evwR, Zv‡i KB eo evwRKi †h Zvi iægvj bv‡o civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi \ kã Zuvi Rv`y, eY© Zuvi †Nvi, Avi ¯^cœ Zuvi Amvgvb¨ m¤¢vebv; wgwj‡q wb‡j Zuv‡K c‡`¨-M‡`¨-Mx‡Z GKvKvi †hgb Kiv hvq; †miƒc g Kuvwc‡q wKsev is Qwo‡q ewm‡q †`Iqv hvq evOv‡j wK eªv‡Z¨| gnvR‡b G‡Ëjv †`q `ywbqvi, Ges fzeb Ry‡o †j‡M c‡o †Ljv| †ejv ev‡o †Zv Qvqviv bvbvw`‡K Qovq : Ômvc Avi †R¨vrmœv P‡j †M‡j... c‡o _v‡K Zviv‡jLv AvKvkÕ| GB AvKvk evsjvi, GB †R¨vrmœv gvby‡li;

90


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`yB

GK cÖv‡šÍ f‚wg ïwK‡q `o n‡jI Ab¨ cÖv‡šÍ cÖKw… Z ˆZwi nq wfbœ Dcv`v‡b| m`‡c© cÖ‡ek K‡i e„wó I we‡`ªvnxMY| D`&hvcb K‡i nvnvKv‡ii g‡a¨ weR‡qi we›`ymg~n| ¯§i‡Yi cÖvšÍ †_‡K RvwM‡q †Zv‡j AvZ¥cwiP‡qi Pi| f‚wgi `Lj †bq AK…wÎg m~Îai| e‡½vcmvMiK‚‡j iwPZ nq gvby‡li BwZnvm, evsjvi f‚‡Mvj| AvKvk Afq †`q Avi fv‡jvevmvi `yišÍ †NvomIqvi †hb Awfbe wek¦vm Qwo‡q †`q evsjvi cÖwZwU a~wjKYvq| hLb Livi gvV nÕ‡Z _v‡K mRj meyR, ZLb K…lKiƒ‡c †`‡L wb‡qv †Zvgvi eÜz‡K| cwj-weR‡qi AwfhvÎx Rvwi ivL‡jb Zuvi Awfhvb| mvwie× †R¨vrmœv Zuv‡K m½ w`‡jv, Kzwb©k Rvbvj evsjvfvlvi gy» mšÍv‡biv| D‡V Avmv hvK †mB †iŠ`ª †_‡K, cÂv‡ki †mB mPj cÖevn †_‡K, hv g~jZ fvlv-Av‡›`vjb-cieZx© Avgv‡`i KweZvi Ab¨ hvÎv| †cQb wd‡i mPj AskUzKz gvb¨Zvq wb‡q G‡K-G‡K AMÖmi nIqv| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, †mB hvÎvi mdj wjwcKvi, mv_©K Kvj-wePviK| ey‡bv e„wói Mvb, GK`v GK iv‡R¨, weiwZnxb Drme, ˆekv‡L iwPZ cO&w³gvjv †_‡K cÖwZaŸwbMY, Aci cyiæl, civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi Kve¨mg~n Zuvi gyw³hy‡×i c~‡e©i Ges c‡ii †PZbv‡K cÖwZdwjZ K‡i| Ges wbtm‡›`‡n GKw`‡K ˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjv Ges Ab¨w`‡K civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi hyMcr Avgv‡`i D™¢vwmZ K‡i e¨wZµgx gvÎvq| Kwei kw³ I `¤¢, Kvj I Pµ, fvlv I †cÖiYv, MwZ I MÖnYÿgZv Ñ ïay wew¯§ZB K‡i bv, Avgv‡`i m‡½ cwiPq

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wZb

gyw³hy×, e½eÜz, evsjv‡`k Ñ GKB e„‡Ë wZwb aviY K‡i‡Qb GB wZb gnvb mÜvb| Avgv‡`i †bÎ D‡b¥vP‡bi Kvj, Avgv‡`i cÖvY-¯’vc‡bi we›`y Ges Avgv‡`i myeY© hvc‡bi hvÎvq Zuvi D”PviY : GB BwZnvm fz‡j hv‡ev AvR, Avwg wK †Zgb mšÍvb hLb Avgvi Rb‡Ki bvg †kL gywReyi ingvb ZviB BwZnvm †cÖiYvq Avwg evsjvq c_ Pwj †Pv‡L bxjvKvk ey‡K wek¦vm, cv‡q De©i cwj| wZwb Kwe, fv‡jvevmvi Uvb gvwU I bvix‡Z; Avi ¯^cœ †mB ¯^‡M©, †hLv‡b kixi gv‡b Rxeb-Kzmgy | Zey wK †LuvR †g‡j Zvi? †`‡ni †fZi †`n! †mB †`n AvRI †Lv‡j bvB! Ges ü`q-†`‡k ü`‡qiI †Lv‡jwb `‡ivRv| G †Kvb ü`q-†`k, hvi `‡ivRv †Lvjvi A‡cÿvq Kwe Db¥yL? Zzwg Avgvi cZvKv, Avgvi K…wli e-Øxc| Zuvi KweZv MZ kZvãxi cÂv‡ki `k‡K †h-wPÎgvjv w`‡qwQj, G-kZvãxi cÖ_g `k‡K Zvi iƒc wQj Avjv`v| mvZ `kK a‡i Avjv`v nIqvi wµqv‡KŠkj µgvš^‡q Zuv‡K mg‡qi m‡½ hy³ K‡i‡Q, gy³ K‡i‡Q e܇bi K…òRU| bxi‡e, AwZ mšÍc‡© Y †e‡R P‡j‡Q Ñ wbR¯^ welq, GK Avðh© msM‡gi ¯§„wZ, i¾yc‡_ P‡jwQ, Avwg Rb¥MnÖ Y Kwiwb, bvwfg~‡j f¯§vavi... BZ¨vw`| bxieZv †hb †fZi gn‡ji PjvPj Avevi mšÍc‡© Yi g‡a¨I Ñ ÔAvgviI msmvi n‡e Ñ wk‡íi msmviÕ| wkíhvc‡bi GB msmvi, ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki GKvšÍ| 1. wbZ¨ ev‡R euvwk Avi c`©v c‡o hvq Avgvi `wÿ‡Y ev‡g †mvbvi evsjvq| 2. evsjvi wecyj Rj K‡i Kjie| 3. AvgviB gZb †Kv‡bv hye‡Ki nv‡Z wk‡íi m‡ivR¸‡jv kãnxb nÕ‡q _vK‡e bv; 4. AvwgI evsjvi †jvK, ¯^fveZ evsjvi gZB mgZj, msMx‡Zi km¨fv‡i bZ, `~iMvgx cÙvi gZB axi, cwjgvwU AvZ¥vq mwÂZ|

Pvi

†h-K_v ewj bv †Kb, hv wKQy wjwL bv †Kb, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Ggb GK Kwei bvg Ñ huvi KweZv evsjvfvlvi gvÎvwU‡K gvwU-cv_‡i GKvKvi K‡i‡Q; gy» MÜ wewj‡q‡Q †hŠe‡bi Nwo-PjvP‡j| KvZi †hRb †m Rv‡b, K¬všÍ †hRb †mI †ev‡S Ñ nK Zuvi hvÎvc‡_ Uz‡K †i‡L‡Qb i‡³i MÖæc Ges mylg Lv`¨ZvwjKv| GB mylg ej‡Z mgeȇbi cÖkwœ UI G‡m hvq| evsjv‡`‡ki cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z, evsjv k‡ãi fvlviƒc wbg©v‡Y c‡`i e¨envi †hb wQj Zuvi gw¯Í‡®‹i Rv`y| ‘ Aweivg mPj, wbZ¨ AMÖmicÖeY GB Kwe Ñ Lb‡bi Rb¨ cÖ¯Z K‡i †M‡Qb Zuvi Kve¨| cv‡Vi Avb›`gn‡j wKsev †cÖiYvi ciMbvq Zuvi BRviv`vwi wPi¯’vqx †nvK| r

91


ˆmq` kvgmyj nK : m„wókxj Rxe‡bi e¨Äbv

ˆm

Avngv` gvhnvi

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wQ‡jb Pjw”P‡Îi Kvwnwb, wPÎbvU¨-iPwqZv I cwiPvjK| myZivs †mB A½‡bi e¨w³Z¡ wn‡m‡eI Zuvi cwiPq n‡Z cviZ| jÛ‡b wewewm‡Z PvKwiI K‡i‡Qb wKQyKvj| mvsevw`‡Ki cwiPqI †Zv RyU‡Z cviZ Zuvi jjv‡U! †`‡k wd‡i GKwU bvwg cÖwZôv‡bi m‡½ hy³ n‡qwQ‡jb| wKš‘ †m-cÖwZôv‡bi Kg©KZ©vi cwiP‡q wZwb †Pbv nbwb, bv cÖvq KL‡bvB| eis GKRb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK‡K wb‡q hLb †Kv‡bv K_v nq, ZLb mgMÖ A‡_© †jL‡Ki cwiPqwUB g‡b _v‡K Avgv‡`i| gv‡b mvgwMÖKfv‡e Zuvi m„wókxj mËvi cwiPqwUB Avgv‡`i mvg‡b Av‡m| A_©vr GB cwiPqwUB Zuvi Rxe‡bi e¨Äbv| m„wókxj mËvi GB cwiPq wZwb AR©b K‡iwQ‡jb Kxfv‡e? cÖkœwUi DËi LyuR‡Z Avgiv Zuvi Rxeb ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i †`L‡Z cvwi| †mLv‡b Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB, QvÎRxe‡bi cÖ‡ewkKv ce© cvi nq Zuvi ¯^”Q‡›`| D”P gva¨wg‡Ki weÁvb kvLvi QvÎ wn‡m‡e eQiLv‡bK wbqwgZ K¬vmI K‡ib wZwb| †jLK‡`i m¤^‡Ü AwfÁZv Zuvi †nvwgI wPwKrmK wcZvi fv‡jv wQj bv| myZivs cy‡Îi †jLK nIqv Pj‡e bv Ñ GB Zuvi `vwe| wcZvi †R`, Zuv‡K Wv³viB n‡Z n‡e! ZLbB cvjv‡jb ˆmq` nK| gyw³ LyuR‡Z †M‡jb gy¤^vB‡qi wPÎcyix‡Z| †mLv‡b _vK‡jb eQiLv‡b‡Ki †ewk| _vK‡jb gv‡b mÂq Ki‡jb AwfÁZv, hv Zuvi m¤ú`! †Rw` evevi Kv‡Q wZb cvZvi wPwV wj‡L Rvbv‡jb wdi‡Z cv‡ib hw` Zuv‡K †jLK n‡Z †`Iqv nq| wZwb wdi‡jb| Gevi QvÎ n‡jb gvbweK wefv‡Mi| Kvjµ‡g fwZ© n‡jb XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q| wkÿK wn‡m‡e huv‡`i †c‡jb Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ wQ‡jb ˆmq` mv¾v` †nv‡mb| Aa¨vcK g‡nv`q †P‡qwQ‡jb KweZvi e¨vL¨vq weL¨vZ †jLK‡`i D×…wZ

I Zvi m~‡Îi D‡jøL| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zv K‡ib bv| Zuvi †Zv A‡b¨i K_v avi K‡i ejvi Rb¨ Rb¥ nqwb! †mB †h ˆmq` mv¾v` †nv‡m‡bi gy‡Li Ici ÔbvÕ e‡j †kÖwYKÿ †_‡K †ewi‡q G‡jb Avi Igy‡Lv nbwb| Gfv‡eB ˆmq` nK †eu‡P _vKvi MZvbyMwZK c_ cwinvi Ki‡jb| GwM‡q Pj‡jb AcÖPj c‡_i cÖvKvi wWwO‡q| †eu‡P _vK‡Z PvB‡jb GKRb †jLK n‡qB| Zuvi mgmvgwqK cwÐZ Avwbmy¾vgvb mvÿ¨ †`b, QvÎRxeb Am¤ú~Y© †i‡LB wZwb wVK K‡i †d‡jwQ‡jb wj‡LB RxweKv wbe©vn Ki‡eb Ñ PvKwievKwi wKQyB Ki‡eb bv|1 we¯§‡qi K_v eBwK! ïay †jLvwjwL K‡iB Rxeb aviY m¤¢e! bvbv cwÎKvq wZwb wj‡L P‡jb, hy³ n‡q c‡ob XvKvi MVgvb wPÎRM‡Zi m‡½| wPÎbvU¨ †j‡Lb, †j‡Lb Mvb| Dcb¨vm Avi Mí †j‡Lb `ynv‡Z| KviY wj‡LB †h euvP‡Z n‡e Zuv‡K! ïay wj‡LB mn‡R euvPv hvq bv| gy‡LvgywL n‡Z nq A‡bK wech©‡qi| gv_v DuPz K‡i _vK‡Z nq GiB g‡a¨| GB †eu‡P _vKvi cÖqv‡mi g‡a¨ mv`v †Pv‡L A‡bK AmsMwZ aiv c‡o| ZvB wb‡q Avgiv †Kvjvnj Kwi| Avgiv G‡Kev‡iB †`L‡Z cvB bv, AcÖPj c‡_i GKRb hvÎx Kx Dcv‡q †cwi‡q P‡jb Zuvi `yM©g c_| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Av‡iK eÜziI AwaK evÜe Iqvwn`yj nKI2 mvÿ¨ †`b, ÔˆmkvnK G‡`‡k cÖ_g †ckv`vi †jLK|Õ Avgiv mKj‡K GB K_vwUi Ici †Rvi w`‡Z †`wL| weØvb, ˆcZ…K m~‡Î m¤ú`kvjx, wjLevi mvg_©¨I i‡q‡Q Ggb A‡bK gvbyl‡KB †Zv Avgiv mgv‡R †`wL| wKš‘ GgbwU †`wL KB †h, mvwnZ¨PP©v Ki‡eb e‡j Ab¨ mKj cÖwZôvi nvZQvwb‡K †KD D‡cÿv K‡ib! ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki g‡Zv mvwnZ¨‡cÖgx †jvfbxq nvZQvwb-Z¨vMx gvby‡li wb`k©b KB Avgv‡`i mgv‡R? wZwb Zuv‡`i Ab¨Zg,

93


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MZvbyMwZK welq‡K cvk KvwU‡q wZwb evsjv‡`‡ki Dcb¨v‡m bZzb Aa¨vq †hvM K‡ib bZzb welq I Avw½K ixwZ‡Z| A‡Pbv, Avby eo nq, GK gwnjvi Qwe, mxgvbv †cwi‡q Zuvi †m-mg‡q iwPZ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Dcb¨vm| cieZx©Kv‡j GB iPbvaviv‡K wZwb en¸‡Y weewa©Z K‡i‡Qb wbR¯^ iPbv‰kjx‡Z| evsjv‡`‡ki mvgwMÖK RbRxeb, AvPvi-AvKv•ÿv I AvaywbKZvi mgš^‡q wZwb Abb¨ bwRi ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb G-kvLvq| mvwn‡Z¨i wewPÎ welq, PwiÎ I iPbvfw½ ˆZwi Kivi †bc‡_¨ Zuvi Kg©cÖqvm j¶ Kivi g‡Zv| Zuvi wb‡Ri K_vq, ÔGgb †Kv‡bv c~wY©gv †bB †h †ewi‡q cwo bv|Õ AvcvZfv‡e g‡b n‡e, wZwb bvMwiK Rxe‡b Af¨¯Í Ges MÖvgxY Rxe‡b AwfÁZvnxb| e¯‘Z, evsjv‡`‡ki Ggb †Kv‡bv AÂj ev Rbc` †bB †hLv‡b Zuvi c`a~wj c‡owb| g~jZ wZwb †jLK, wØZxqZ wZwb ch©UK| ïay wbR †`k åg‡Yi †bkv Zuv‡K PÂj K‡i †Zv‡j bv, g~jZ mviv c„w_ex Zuvi åg‡Yi †¶Î| Zuvi GB AwfÁZv‡K wZwb wkígq K‡i Zz‡j‡Qb Zuvi M`¨ iPbvq| GLv‡b e¨w³Rxe‡bi K_vI wZwb e‡j‡Qb AwfÁZvi mvivrmvi wn‡m‡e| wewPÎ gvbyl Avi Rbc` wb‡q Zuvi AwfÁZvi kãwkí wn‡m‡e Avgiv †c‡qwQ evsjvi gyL I ürKj‡gi Uv‡b MÖš’| ürKj‡gi Uv‡b MÖ‡š’ AmvaviYfv‡e wZwb Zuvi mgvR I e¨w³-wbwl³ AwfÁZv‡K eY©bv K‡i‡Qb| GLv‡b Zuvi wkí‡eva, GgbwK wb‡Ri †jLv‡jwL m¤ú‡K©I Av‡jvPbv K‡i‡Qb| AmvaviY evK¨web¨vm Avi Abyf‡ei m~² KviæKvh©gq Dc¯’vcbvq GB iPbvwU evsjv fvlvi Ab¨Zg †miv iPbv wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…Z n‡e| evsjv fvlv †h KZ kw³kvjx Ges Zv ˆmq` nK KZ kw³kvjxfv‡e e¨envi Ki‡Z cv‡ib Zvi cÖgvY GB MÖš’| AvZ¥Rxebxg~jK †jLv cÖYxZ Rxe‡b i‡q‡Q Zuvi wkíRxe‡bi wKQy ¯§viK, hv Zuv‡K Kwe K‡i Zz‡jwQj Zvi ü`qMÖvnx eY©bv| Zuvi †jLK-Rxeb wZwb wb‡RB ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb| evsjv‡`‡ki mvgwMÖK AvPvi-AvPiY †eva, wek¦vm, ms¯‹vi I cÖengvb evOvwji ms¯‹„wZi Mfxi cvV cvIqv hvq K_v mvgvb¨B MÖ‡š’| gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨, M‡íi KjKeRvq wZwb †QvUM‡íi ˆkjx I MVb m¤ú‡K© †h-eY©bv w`‡q‡Qb Zv AmvaviY| evsjv ev‡K¨i MVb wb‡q wZwb A‡bK wbixÿv K‡i‡Qb| hwZ wP‡ýi ARmª e¨env‡i, `xN© ev‡K¨i e¨env‡i wPšÍvi MfxiZv I ˆewPΨ Kxfv‡e cÖKvk Kiv m¤¢e †mUv ˆmq` n‡Ki M`¨ bv co‡j †evSv hv‡e bv| GB Ab¨iKg M`¨ wb‡q †KD AvcwË Zzj‡Z cv‡ib, Z‡e GUv †h GKUv bZzb I Amvgvb¨ iPbvfw½ Ges Zv cvVK‡K †h cÖPÐfv‡e AvKl©Y K‡i, Zv‡Z †Kv‡bv m‡›`n †bB| evsjv fvlv †h KZ mg„× Ges Zvi M`¨ †h KZ ˆewPΨgq n‡Z cv‡i †mUv ˆmq` n‡Ki iPbv co‡j †evSv hv‡e| ˆmq` nK Rxe‡bi me AwjMwjmw܇Z Xz‡K‡Qb Ñ GKRb mr wk¶K gyw³‡hv×v Zuvi m„ó PwiÎ Avevi †Pvi, †ek¨v, `vjvj, Rv`yKi, ivRvKvi, evwRKi, j¤úU, LywbI Zuvi nv‡Z Mov PwiÎ| d‡j GKRb evei Avwj‡K †`‡L wew¯§Z nIqvi wKQy †bB, Zviv G-mgv‡RiB Ask| djZ Zviv wk‡íi Dcv`vb| evRvimy›`ix, ebevjv, civb gv÷vi Ñ mevB GK jvB‡b wfo K‡i Dcb¨v‡mi PwiÎ wn‡m‡e| evsjv‡`‡ki †QvUM‡í huviv welq I cÖKiY wb‡q KvR K‡i‡Qb, DËxY© gv‡bi Mí wj‡L‡Qb ˆmq` nK Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ AMÖMY¨| wZwb cÖPj avivi evB‡i wj‡L‡Qb eivei| †ivgvw›UK M‡í Zuvi AvMÖn Kg, hv `y-GKUv wj‡L‡Qb Zv e¨wZµg| ÔiæwU I †MvjvcÕ bv‡g Zuvi AmvaviY †cÖ‡gi Mí i‡q‡Q| `ywf©¶cxwoZ DËiv‡ji gvbyl‡K wb‡q AmvaviY wKQy Mí (Ô†Kv_vq Nygv‡e Kwigb †eIqvÕ, Ôc~wY©gvq †ePv‡KbvÕ, ÔKvjvg gvwSi Pob`viÕ,

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wZwb KZfv‡e †h evsjv fvlv‡K mg„× Ki‡Qb, cÖÁv I gb‡bi Awfmv‡i nvRvi-nvRvi c„ôvq cÖgvY †i‡L †M‡Qb| eûgvwÎK †jLvi Kvi‡Y wZwb Ôme¨mvPxÕ Awfavq f‚wlZ n‡q‡Qb| LyeB ¯^vfvweK Zuvi Rb¨ GB Awfav| wZwb †Zv Avgv‡`i mvwn‡Z¨i mgªvU| Zuvi gv_vqB †kvwfZ nIqv DwPZ me¨mvPx Awfavi mymw¾Z gyKzU| mgq‡K AwZµvšÍ K‡i †h †jLK D‡V hvb gbb kx‡l©, Zuvi A‡bK `vq _v‡K Ñ mgvR-ivóª Ges AbyR‡`i cÖwZ| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Rvb‡Zb Zuvi mgvR-ivóª I AbyR‡`i g‡bv‰eK‡j¨i R¦i| †mB exÿ‡Yi `skb †_‡K wZwb wj‡L‡Qb gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ Ñ †h-eB nvRvi eQi Pjvi GK gnvmoK| GKRb †jLK, ZLbB GKwU ¯^vaxb †`‡ki mKj mËvi cÖZxK n‡q I‡Vb, hLb wZwb RvwZi ¯^cœ I Awfjvl aviY K‡ib| ˆmq` nK evOvwj RvwZi mKj ¯^cœ I Awfjvl aviY K‡iB ÿvšÍ nbwb, wZwb ¯^cœ-mËv‡K Qwo‡qI w`‡q‡Qb nv‡Z-nv‡Z| GLv‡bB wZwb Ab¨‡`i †_‡K Avjv`v, Abb¨ GK cÖZxK| hLb †KD †jLvi R‡j AvewZ©Z n‡Z ïiæ K‡i, gM‡Ri D‡Vv‡b †jLvi meyRcÎ †R‡M I‡V, w`‡knviv n‡q hvq| †Kv_vq ivLe Avwg Avgvi Abya¨vb? †Mvcb Awfmv‡ii mwÂZ km¨KYv? weåvšÍ cw_K †m GKRb| bZzb †mB †jLK wb‡R‡K †`L‡Z cvq nvj †Quov cvjnxb †bŠKvq, GK Amxg `wiqvi gv‡S| bZzb †jL‡Ki GB weåvšÍKv‡j ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ eBwU n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i w`kvnx‡bi w`kv| bv, †Kej bZzb †jL‡Ki Rb¨ bq, Avwg g‡b Kwi GB eBwU †h-†Kv‡bv eq‡mi †jL‡Ki Rb¨ n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i iÿvKeP| GB evsjvq †h hv-B ejyK bv †Kb, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †jLK‡`i †jLK| †mB †eva I Av¯’vi RvqMv †_‡K wZwb wj‡L‡Qb gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨| AvR †_‡K K‡qK eQi Av‡M, cÖ_g hLb eBwU cÖKvk cvq, ZLb KweZvi wKwgqv Ask wQj bv| †Kej Mí wb‡q eBwUi bvg wQj gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ : M‡íi KjKâv| AvKviI GKUz †QvU wQj| eBwU wK‡b cÖvq evB‡e‡ji fw³‡Z cvV K‡iwQ| Avi M‡íi AwjMwj Lyu‡R wd‡iwQ| †hLv‡bB wM‡qwQ gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ : M‡íi KjKâv m‡½ wb‡q wb‡qwQ| Kx K‡i M‡íi KvVv‡gv, Rwgb Ges AvL¨vb wb‡g©vn n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i, cig a¨v‡b cvV wb‡qwQ| wKš‘ eBwU Avwg nvwi‡q †dwj GKmg‡q| A_ev †KD wb‡q hvq| K‡qK eQi ci eBwU Avevi cvB, Av‡iv eo K‡je‡i, KweZvi wKwgqv hy³ n‡q| Avgvi Kv‡Q GLb †h-eBwU Av‡Q, cÖKvk K‡i‡Q Ab¨cÖKvk, `yB nvRvi cuvP mv‡j| eBwU wK‡bwQ `yB nvRvi `k mv‡j| wZb‡kviI AwaK c„ôvi eBwU GL‡bv Avgvi Kv‡Q evB‡ej, †QvUMí †jLvi Rb¨, †QvUM‡íi KjKâv Abya¨vb Kivi Rb¨, †QvUMí‡K AvZ¥vi mwj‡j fvwm‡q †`Iqvi Rb¨| wZwb KwVb K_v KZ mn‡RB bv wjL‡Z cvi‡Zb| KwVb cÖm½‡K KZ mn‡R awi‡q w`‡q‡Qb wbg©j a¨v‡b| f‚wgKvq wZwb wj‡L‡Qb Ñ ÔGKRb †jLK‡K eo n‡Z n‡j Zv‡K n‡ZB nq Zvi †jLvi me‡P‡q fv‡jv, me‡P‡q wbg©g, me‡P‡q wbi‡cÿ mgv‡jvPK| AvZ¥mgv‡jvPbvi c‡_B Av‡m DËiY, nq fv‡jv †_‡K AviI fv‡jv †jLv| †jLvi Rb¨ gnr welq c‡_ c‡o cvIqv hvq| †jLvwU gnr n‡q I‡V, wK¤^v †hvM¨B GKwU †jLv, †m †Kej Avwe®‹v‡ii Kvi‡Y| Avwg hv‡K ejwQ AvZ¥mgv‡jvPbv, Rxebvb›` `vk Zv‡KB e‡j‡Qb Ñ Av‡Z¥vcKvi|Õ †jLvc‡_i wPiKv‡ji cw_K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, †jLvi RMr KZ wbweo Avi wbweófv‡e Abyfe K‡i‡Qb, Ic‡ii K‡qKwU jvB‡bi D×…wZB cÖgvY| ˆmq` n‡Ki cÖgvY Kivi Kx Av‡Q? eis †jLv hvq, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK cÖgvwYZ| wewPÎ Rxe‡bi avivq,

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†`‡k I we‡`‡ki eûgvwÎK AwfÁv‡b Zuvi mwÄZ Auvav‡i, evsjv fvlvi †jLK‡`i Rb¨ †i‡L †M‡Qb Abe`¨ cy¯ÍK, gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨| Avgiv hviv †jLvi A‡jŠwKK RM‡Z Avwm, †jLvi ïiæ‡Z Avgv‡`i KZ †h åvwšÍwejvm _v‡K, Zvi †kl †bB| †mB åvwšÍ¸‡jv Lyu‡R cvB, †jLvi c‡_ nuvU‡Z-nuvU‡Z K‡qK wK‡jvwgUvi cvi nIqvi ci| KviY wjL‡Z-wjL‡Z †jLvi RM‡Z jywK‡q _vKv AwjMwj Lyu‡R cvB| Ges wb‡R‡`i †d‡j Avmv c‡_i w`‡K ZvwK‡q, AwfÁZvi myB-my‡Zvq bZzb K‡i wjL‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwi| wb‡R‡`i R¡vwj‡q wbB| †jLv, †jLvi m‡½ _vKv Ñ g~jZ AwfÁZvi †fZi w`‡q `~‡ii †_‡K `~‡ii c‡_ hvÎv Kiv| GB hvÎvq GK-GKRb †jLK, Kwe, MíKvi, Jcb¨vwmK, bvU¨Kvi, cÖeÜKvi Ñ †hB nB bv †Kb, †jLvi AvB‡j-AvB‡j †h‡Z †h‡Z meyR Nv‡mi g‡Zv gvqvex kã, cvwLi cvj‡Ki g‡Zv webgª AvKzj evK¨, R‡ji wZiwZi †XD‡qi g‡Zv Aciƒc AvL¨vb †c‡q hvB| GB Ag~j¨ iZb cvIqvi Rb¨ GKRb †jLK bv-Nywg‡q mvivivZ †R‡M _vK‡Z cv‡i| †jLvi KznK GgbB weåvšÍRvj we¯ÍviKvix GK Av‡jv-Qvqvi †Ljv| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †mB †Ljvq weåvšÍ n‡q‡Qb wVKB wKš‘ Avevi wd‡i G‡m‡Qb wbR Rwg‡b| Avwe®‹vi K‡i wb‡q‡Qb wb‡Ri mj‡Z R¡vjv‡bv c_| ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z wØav K‡ibwb cÖvi¤¢Kv‡ji weåg| mevB‡K Qvwo‡q GLv‡b wZwb AwØZxq| Ges wZwb Zuvi weåvšÍKv‡ji c_ †_‡K Avgv‡`i mveavb K‡i †`Iqvi `vq wb‡q‡Qb| gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ eB‡qi mvZvk c„ôvq wZwb wj‡L‡Qb Ñ †cQ‡bi w`‡K ZvwK‡q GLb wkD‡i DwV, †jLvi †KŠkj KZ Kg †R‡b Ñ Av‡iv fv‡jv hw` ewj wKQzB bv †R‡b Ñ GK`v Kjg nv‡Z wb‡qwQjvg| †jLv †h‡nZz †Kv‡bv GKwU fvlvq †jLv, Ges †h‡nZz †mB fvlv Avgiv wkïKvj †_‡KB, Rb¥ †evev bv n‡j AbeiZ e¨envi K‡i _vwK, ZvB Avgv‡`i AšÍZ cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q GKeviI g‡b nq bv †h wk‡íi cÖ‡qvR‡b fvlv bvgK GB Dcv`vbwU‡K m¤ú~Y© bZzb K‡i, ˆ`bw›`b e¨envi-c×wZ I e¨envi-hyw³ †_‡K G‡Kev‡i Avjv`v K‡i †`‡L wb‡q, Kjg ai‡Z nq, †hb Avgiv G †_‡K ïiæ Kwi †h, K_v hLb ej‡Z cvwi, wPwV hLb wjL‡Z cvwi, ZLb KvMR Kjg wb‡q em‡j GKwU Mí ev KweZvI wj‡L †dj‡Z cvie| ...wKš‘, †jLv hw` n‡Zv Qwe AuvKv ev g~wZ© Mov A_ev Mvb MvBevi g‡Zv †Kv‡bv D`¨g, Zvn‡j GZUv wbwð‡šÍ, GZUv Kg m‡PZb n‡q Avgiv Kjg ai‡Z cviZvg bv, AšÍZ Qwe AuvKv, g~wZ© Mov ev Mvb MvBevi R‡b¨ iO Zzwj, nvZzwo-†Qwb ev nvi‡gvwbqvg wb‡q hZUzKz cvV Ges †iIqvR Ges Av‡iv eo K‡i hZUzKz mva¨ mvabv Kiv `iKvi Zv K‡i wb‡qB KvM‡R Kjg †QuvqvZvg| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK KZ wb‡g©vn ˆPZ‡b¨ wb‡Ri ïiæi NUbv, AvR I AvMvgxKv‡ji †jLK‡`i Rb¨ Dcjwäi Hk¦h© †_‡K wb‡e`b K‡i‡Qb! †jLv! †jLv Avm‡j Kx? K‡ivwUi †Kvb †Kvbvq †jLv NvcwU †g‡i _v‡K Ly‡b weovj Qvbvi g‡Zv? †hLvb †_‡K AK¯§vr GKw`b ev we`y¨rÿ‡Y AvPgKv †b‡g Av‡m g‡b, gb †_‡K nv‡Z, nvZ †_‡K Kj‡gi wbc †e‡q mv`v KvM‡R? mv`v KvMR gyn~‡Z© n‡q I‡V wbićbi NvU| †jL‡Ki mËvq †mB gyn~Z©Kvj †Kgb K‡i Av‡m? ˆmq` nK wbR¯^ i³wZj‡Ki †bŠKvq D‡V Avgv‡`i Rb¨ ivL‡jb m‡PZbfv‡e cv †djvi, wbfz©j †jLvi AfvweZ †KŠkj| fwel¨‡Zi w`‡K GwM‡q hvIqvi GK”QÎ AwaKvi| †QvU-†QvU Dcwk‡ivbv‡g, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ eB‡q ivL‡jb mvivRxe‡bi mwÂZ AwfÁZvi †mvbvwj km¨ D`vi


gv‡V Qwo‡q| Avgiv, hviv †jLvi RM‡Z nuvUwQ cv-cv K‡i, U‡jvg‡jv m~ÎÁv‡b, nuvUe Av‡iv AwaKKvj, Zv‡`i Rb¨ GB wn‡i Pzwb cvbœvi gvV| wjL‡Z wØav †bB, GLb Avgiv hviv wjLwQ, Avgv‡`i wµqvc‡`i e¨env‡i, cÖ‡qv‡M †Kv‡bv e¨vKiY gvwb bv| bv-gvbvi cÖavb KviY, bv-Rvbv| gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ eB‡q wZwb `ÿ KvwiM‡ii ev M‡íi wkÿ‡Ki g‡Zv †`wL‡q‡Qb wµqvc‡`i AevK I Avðh© e¨envi| Avgv‡`i †jLvi Rxe‡bi ïiæ‡Z hw` GB eBwU nv‡Z †cZvg, wbwðZ K‡i wjL‡Z cvwi, Avgiv A‡bK åvwšÍ †_‡K gyw³ †cZvg| `ytL †bB, GB mg‡q †c‡qwQ, gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ †mUvI Kg bq| Avi †Zv †KD, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Qvov fv‡ebwb, c‡ii cÖR‡b¥i Rb¨| GB mg‡qi A‡bK †jLK, †nvK MíKvi ev Kwe, †Kv‡bvfv‡eB e¨vKiY gvb‡Z Pvb bv| GKUv `ywe©bxZ `„wó‡Z mewKQy A¯^xKvi Ki‡Z Pvb| Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨ cvZvi m¤úv`KivI e¨vKiY m¤ú‡K© A‡bKUv m‡PZbfv‡e D`vmxb| D`vmxbZvi GB nvIqvq †g‡i †K‡U †Z‡o †ei n‡q hvq †jL‡Kiv| wKš‘ †jL‡Kiv hw` GKUz gb Awf‡bk w`‡q ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki GB eBwU cvV Ki‡Zb, Rxe‡bi A‡bK Avd‡mvm †_‡K gyw³ †c‡Zb| wjLwQjvg, wµqvc‡`i e¨envi cÖm‡½| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK M‡í wµqvc‡`i wewfbœ Kvjiƒc Dcwk‡ivbv‡g MíKvi‡`i mvg‡b eÜ `iRv-Rvbvjv Ly‡j w`‡q‡Qb wbR¯^ `ievwi Kvbvovq| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb Ñ ÔMí ejevi †KŠk‡ji †fZ‡i GKwU eo cÖkœ jywK‡q i‡q‡Q Ñ wµqvc‡`i †Kvb iƒcwU e¨envi Ki‡ev? evsjvi Av‡M Bs‡iwRi w`‡K ZvKv‡bv hvK| Bs‡iwR fvlvq Ñ GB fvlvwUi m‡½ gvZ…fvlvi c‡iB Avgv‡`i me‡P‡q Nwbô cwiPq Ñ Mí Dcb¨vm wjL‡Z wM‡q †jL‡Kiv wµqvc‡`i

†h-KvjiƒcwU e¨envi K‡ib, Zv n‡”Q Ôcv÷ Bb‡WwdwbWÕ A_v©r mvaviY AZxZ Ñ wmjwfqv N‡i XzKj, wcUvi ejj, †Rwb nvZ †_‡K iægvjUv wQwb‡q wbj, Bs‡iwR K_vmvwn‡Z¨ wµqvc‡`i GB mvaviY AZxZ KvjiƒcwU †mB Avw`Kvj †_‡K cÖvq e¨wZµgnxbfv‡e e¨eüZ n‡q Avm‡Q| evsjv‡ZI wµqvc‡`i GB mvaviY AZxZKvj iƒcwU Mí ejvq evievi e¨eüZ n‡q G‡m‡Q| jÿ bv K‡i cvwi bv, gv hLb wkï‡K iƒcK_v e‡jb, †m iƒcK_vi wµqvc`¸‡jv mvaviY AZxZ Ñ ivRcyÎ Av‡¯Í K‡i `‡ivRv Lyjj, †`Lj †mvbvi Lv‡U ï‡q Av‡Q NygšÍ ivRKb¨v|Õ Kx wbcyY ˆbcy‡Y¨ ˆmq` Avgv‡`i mvg‡b Zz‡j ai‡jb e¨vKi‡Yi GKwU RwUj wKš‘ mnR cwi‡ekbv| †h-cwi‡ekbv cv‡Vi ga¨ w`‡q GKRb †jLK Abvqv‡m †cuŠ‡Q †h‡Z cv‡ib wmw×i †mvcv‡b| Mí †Zv K‡ivwUi †fZ‡iB Awaôvb †bq| wKš‘ †mB AwawôZ Mí‡K mv`v KvM‡R Avi Kw¤úDUv‡ii c`©vq Kxfv‡e wjL‡e GKRb MíKvi, Zvi Abe`¨ QK ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb wZwb gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ eB‡qi c„ôvi ci c„ôv Ry‡o| wb‡Ri †jLvi AwfÁZv, cÖPzi cVb I cvVb Ges wbweo PP©v Ñ hvÎvi †fZi †_‡K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK G‡Ki ci GK wbixÿv Pvwj‡q‡Qb, evsjv fvlv I mvwn‡Z¨i †Mvjvq| GKUv Mí Kx K‡i Mí n‡q I‡V? M‡íi Mí n‡q-IVvi KvVv‡gv †Kej MíKv‡ii gv_vqB _v‡K| Zuvi wbR¯^ eq‡b I iƒcvq‡Y, †ÿÎwe‡k‡l Ñ cÖKi‡Yi Awfbe‡Z¡ Mí mdj I mv_©KZv jvf K‡i| †mme M‡íi KvVv‡gv, AeKvVv‡gv we‡kølY K‡i ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †`wL‡q‡Qb, wb‡iU GKUv mvaviY welqI Kxfv‡e mdj ev gnr M‡íi gh©v`v AR©b K‡i| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ AvaywbK M‡íi cÖ_g gyw³`vZv iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi| Zuvi nv‡Z

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wewPÎ cÖfvq Mí †c‡q‡Q cÖvY| ejv hvq, iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi evsjvi M‡íi cÖwZgvq cÖvY cÖwZôv K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ eB‡q ˆmq` nK M‡íi cÖvY cÖwZôvi Zzjbv, cÖwZZzjbv Ki‡Z wM‡q, wbixÿvi e„ÿ †ivcY Ki‡Z wM‡q A‡b‡Ki Mí e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| iex›`ªbv_ †Zv Av‡QbB, Av‡iv e¨envi K‡i‡Qb †cÖ‡g›`ª wgÎ, RM`xk ¸ß, gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi Mí| KuvUv K¤úvm w`‡q ˆmq` †`wL‡q‡Qb Kxfv‡e Mí m„Rb nq| Kxfv‡e M‡íi KjKâv w`‡q GKRb MíKvi mdj I mv_©K Mí †j‡Lb| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK iex›`ªbv‡_i Ôwbkx‡_Õ MíwU e¨e‡”Q` K‡i †`wL‡q‡Qb, M‡íi eybb KvV‡gvi we¯Ívi, k‡ãi cÖ‡qvM Ges AvL¨v‡bi Avwe®‹vi| AwZcÖvK…Z Dcv`vb wb‡q evsjv fvlvq Mí, hv‡K Avgiv mvaviYfv‡e ewj f‚‡Zi Mí, f‡qi Mí, eûw`b †_‡KB cÖPwjZ wQj †jvKgy‡L, e¯‘Zc‡ÿ, AwZcÖvK…Z Mí iPbv gvby‡li mvaviY GKwU mvgvwRK cÖwZfv| wKš‘ iex›`ªbv‡_i Av‡M Avgv‡`i Avi †Kv‡bv †jLK mvwn‡Z¨i R‡b¨ GB we‡kl Dcv`vbwU nv‡Z wb‡q‡Qb e‡j Rvbv †bB| iex›`ªbv_ hw`I Ôwbkx‡_Õi eQi`y‡qK Av‡M wj‡L †d‡j‡Qb ÔK¼vjÕ, †hLv‡b AwZcÖvK…Z Dcv`vb wb‡q Zuvi cÖ_g bvovPvov, wKš‘ f‡qi †P‡q w¯§Z †KŠZ‚njB †mLv‡b eis †ewk KvR K‡i‡Q, Ges ÔK¼vjÕ, Gi c‡ii eQi ÔRxweZ I g„ZÕ, †hLv‡b Zuvi Amvgvb¨ cixÿvwU, †h-ev¯ÍeZvi †lv‡jv Avbv †fZ‡i †_‡KI AwZcÖvK…Z Aven iPbv Kiv hvq Kxfv‡e Ñ ejv hvq Ôwbkx‡_ÕB wZwb wjL‡jb Avgv‡`i mvwn‡Z¨i cÖ_g AwZcÖvK…Z MíwU mwZ¨Kvi A‡_©| GLbB Avgiv †R‡b ivwL bv †Kb, Gi gvÎ Qgv‡mi gv_vq, 1302 m‡bi kÖveY gv‡m, fve‡Z fv‡jv jv‡M e„wógw_Z †Kv‡bv iv‡Z, iex›`ªbv_ wjL‡eb, AvMvgx GKk eQ‡ii Rb¨ †Zv e‡UB, ZviI †ewk wKbv †K Rv‡b, evsjv fvlvi †kÖô AwZcÖvK…Z MíwU Ñ ÔÿzwaZ cvlvYÕ| ˆmq` nK †Kej wb‡R †j‡Lb bv, c‡o‡QbI cÖPzi| Zuvi Kv‡Q †jLvi †KŠkj Rvbvi Rb¨ †M‡j wZwb cÖvY Ly‡j ej‡Zb, co, co Ges co| cÖK…Zc‡ÿ, GKRb cÖK…Z †jL‡Ki Rb¨ wewPÎ cÖm‡½ cov Qvov wb¯Ívi †bB| Ic‡ii †jLv †_‡K Avgiv Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z cvwi †h, wZwb iex›`ªbv_‡K KZLvwb Mfxi ggZv I Awfwb‡e‡k cvV K‡i‡Qb, MÖnY K‡i‡Qb Ges wb‡Ri Rxe‡b cÖ‡qvMI K‡i‡Qb| wZj wZj m‡q wZwb wb‡R‡K wbg©vY K‡i‡Qb, M‡o‡Qb, D”PZvi wkL‡i wb‡q‡Qb| gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ eB‡qi f‚wgKvmn c„ôv `y‡kv Qq| Avevi `y‡kv bq †_‡K wZb‡kv bq c„ôvq wZwb wj‡L‡Qb KweZvi wKwgqv| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK eûgvwÎK †jLK| A‡bK cÖm½ I cÖKiY wb‡q wj‡L‡Qb| Mí, KweZv, Dcb¨vm, bvUK, cÖeÜ, Abyev`, Kve¨bvUKmn Av‡iv KZ Kx! mevi Ici †h-cwiPq Zuvi, †mUv Kwe| evsjv KweZv‡K wZwb wb‡q †M‡Qb AvKvk‡f`x D”PZvq| Kwe kvgmyj nK hLb Mí wb‡q wKwgqv ev imvqb wjL‡eb, Awbevh©fv‡e KweZvI Avm‡e| Avm‡Z eva¨| Avgiv Rvwb, KweZv GK ni‡Yi b`x| †h-b`xi K‚j †bB, wKbvi †bB| †Kej we¯Ívi Avi we¯Ívi| †mB KweZv b`x A‡K©÷ªvi gvwS n‡q KweZvi wbg©vY †iLvq cv ivL‡eb bv, GgbwU n‡Z cv‡i bv| KweZvi RMr wZwb Kxfv‡e †`L‡Zb? wKsev KweZv Zvi K‡ivwU‡Z †Kgb my‡i G‡m evmv euvaZ, wbðqB †mB mvabm½xi †Mvcb Awfmvi m¤ú‡K© Avgv‡`i cÖkœ Av‡Q! wZwb wb‡RB ÔKweZvi wKwgqvÕq eY©bv †i‡L †M‡Qb| wj‡L‡Qb Ñ KweZvi GKwU KvR Av‡Q| KweZv Avgv‡`i cybiæÌvb NUvq, KweZv Avgv‡`i wKQz e‡j Ñ ms‡K‡Zi wPÎK‡í †m Avgv‡`i wKQz msev` †`q| coevi R‡b¨ †hgb eY©gvjvi m‡½ cwiPqUv PvBB PvB, KweZvi msev` †bevi

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R‡b¨I †Zgb GKUv cvV †bevi `iKvi Av‡Q wbðqB| wKš‘ ev¯Í‡e †`L‡Z cvB, cvV‡Ki †hb GB GKUv `vwe Ñ coevi ev †kvbevi m‡½ m‡½B ey‡S †dj‡ev| cvV‡Ki †hb wKQzB Kievi `iKvi †bB, †Kej †kvbv ev cov Qvov| wKš‘ ïay KweZv †Kb? wk‡íi cÖwZwU gva¨‡giB m„wó wb‡Ri †fZ‡i MÖnY Ki‡Z n‡j wb‡RiI PvB cÖ¯‘wZ| wk‡íi Kv‡Q wb‡R‡KI A‡bKLvwb GwM‡q Avm‡Z nq| Ic‡ii D×…wZi †k‡li `y‡Uv jvBb Avev‡iv cvVK‡`i mgx‡c Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z PvB Ñ wk‡íi cÖwZwU gva¨‡giB m„wó wb‡Ri †fZ‡i MÖnY Ki‡Z n‡j wb‡RiI PvB cÖ¯‘wZ| wk‡íi Kv‡Q wb‡R‡KI A‡bKLvwb GwM‡q Avm‡Z nq| wk‡íi im Av¯^v`‡bi Rb¨, †h-†Kv‡bv gvby‡li Rb¨, cv‡Vi Rb¨ Dc‡ii jvBb `ywU LyeB Riæwi| wZwb, ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, wk‡í hv wKQz K‡i‡Qb, Mfxi †eva †_‡K K‡i‡Qb| wk‡íi wkímylgvi m‡½ KL‡bv †Kv‡bvw`b Avcm K‡ibwb| Avcmnxb wZwb R‡jk^ix †_‡K GKv, GK K`‡g, GK wi`‡g hvÎv K‡i-K‡i, nvRvi-nvRvi gvBj c_ cwiågY K‡i Avevi wd‡i †M‡Qb, R‡jk^ixi R‡j Kv`vq I gvwU‡Z| Avi Avgv‡`i Rb¨ †i‡L †M‡Qb Ñ wi³ I wZ³ AwfÁZvq wbwg©Z gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨| Avgiv, hviv GK`v wQjvg kã-mv‡i½xev`K, wZwb nuvU‡Zb Avmgv‡b Ñ Avgiv wb‡P Zuvi Qvqvq, Avgv‡`i cv‡_q gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ Ñ M‡íi KjKâv| KweZv †h KZ wewPÎ Awfmv‡ii †fZi w`‡q hvÎv K‡i, †h‡Z †h‡Z KZ wPÎKí, Dcgv Avi Dr‡cÖÿvi Rb¥ w`‡q hvq, KweZvi wKwgqvq †mB hvÎv cÖvgvY¨ n‡q D‡V‡Q| Rxebvb›` `v‡ki ÔebjZv †mbÕ KweZv‡K mvg‡b †i‡L GK AevK we‡kølY K‡i‡Qb wZwb| GKUv KweZvi KZB bv e¨vL¨v n‡Z cv‡i! Avi ˆmq` nK hLb K‡ib, †mB we‡kølY †Zv cvq wfbœ gvÎv| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb Ñ ÔAvgiv Rxebvb‡›`i ebjZv †m‡b A‡bK D‡jøL cvB, hv Avgv‡`i AwfÁZv, cov‡kvbv Ges †`Lvi evB‡i| †hgb, wmsnj mgy`ª, gvjq mvMi Ñ G bv-nq gvbwP‡Î †c‡qwQ ev Kíbv K‡i wb‡Z cvwi Zv‡`i †fZ‡i `viæwPwb ØxcwU‡KI, wKš‘ wew¤^mvi, A‡kvK, we`f©, kÖve¯Íx? KÕRbvB ev BwZnvm D‡ë G‡`i msev` wb‡qwQ? KZUzKzB ev †R‡bwQ? Avm‡j, Rvbevi cÖ‡qvRbI c‡o bv, Rvwb †h bv! ZvI Avgv‡`i wLbœ K‡i bv G‡ZvUzKz! Avgiv eis IBm‡ei aŸwb I `y‡e©va¨Zv- A¯úóZv I `~iZ¡ ØvivB ¯ú„ó nB Ñ GB ¯ú„óKiYB wQ‡jv Kwei Awf‡cÖZ, `~iZ¡wUI wZwb ev¯Íe gvbwP‡Îi `~iZ¡ †`wL‡q bq, m„wó K‡ib aŸwb-m½x‡Z|Õ wewPÎ Abya¨v‡b, LÐ-LÐ wecwY‡Z, wbg©j ebvq‡b wZwb ey‡b †M‡Qb e„ÿ, e„ÿ Avi e„ÿ| †h-e„‡ÿi cÎQvqvq `uvwo‡q Avgiv †be AvkÖq| wekvj cy¯ÍK gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ M‡íi KjKâv : KweZvi wKwgqv| wZb‡kv `k c„ôvi eB| mvgvb¨ †jLvq GB wekvj Av‡qvRb‡K aviY Kiv KwVb| †Kej Avgv‡`i mg‡q †kÖô KjvKvi, †kÖô †jL‡Ki gnvcÖ¯’v‡bi Kv‡j Avgvi mvgvb¨ ˆb‡e`¨ wb‡e`b Kijvg| †jLvUv †kl Kivi Av‡M ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki wVKvbvi Kv‡Q GKevi cvVK‡`i wb‡q †h‡Z hvB| wZwb GB eBwU DrmM© K‡i‡Qb hv‡`i, Zv‡`i Kv‡Q wb‡q †h‡Z PvB| wZwb Drm‡M© wj‡L‡Qb Ñ KweZv-cÖ‡`v‡l mvwbœa¨ huv‡`i †c‡qwQ Ñ RmxgD`&`xb, Aveyj †nv‡mb, Avnmvb nvexe, diiæL Avng`| M`¨ m~Pbvq mvi_x huv‡`i †c‡qwQ W. gyn¤§` knx`yjøvn&, kIKZ Imgvb, dR‡j †jvnvbx, Avwbm †PŠayix| wbðqB Avcbviv ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki wVKvbv †c‡q‡Qb! r


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952 mvj! i³v³ gvZ…fvlv Av‡›`vjb Pj‡Q| mvwnwZ¨K ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki (1935-2016) ZL‡bv AvVv‡iv eQi c~Y© nqwb| ZLbB `ÿ I w¯’Zax MíKvi n‡q D‡V‡Qb| cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q Zvm MíMÖš’ (1954)| Zv‡mi Mí¸wj GKvwaK fvlvq Ab~w`Z n‡q‡Q Ñ wbR¯^ ˆef‡e ˆewPΨgq Kvwnwbi msNv‡Z, bvbvb NUbvi cÖ‡ÿc‡Y AvaywbK gvÎv jvf K‡i‡Q| ïay ïiæ‡Z bq, Rxe‡bi †klw`b ch©šÍ mvwn‡Z¨i me aviv‡ZB mgvb wm×n¯Í n‡q D‡V‡Qb| ïay K_vwkí bq, bvUK †_‡K Abyev`-cÖe‡Ü wZwb mgvb `ÿZvi cwiPq w`‡q me¨mvPx mvwnwZ¨‡Ki Dcgvq f‚wlZ| gyw³hy‡×i mgq cvwK¯Ívwb Rjøv` evwnwb gvbeZvi KɇK ¯Íä K‡i †g‡Z D‡VwQj MYnZ¨vq| jvL jvL evOvwj knx` n‡q‡Qb cvwK¯Ívwb‡`i cvkweK nZ¨vh‡Á| Kwe ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZvq †mB wbg©g-ee©iZvi Qwe dz‡U D‡V‡Q Ñ

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Ñ nVvr PweŸkwU i³v³ †`n Ñ igYx, wkï, hyeK, †cÖŠp Ñ ... GK gyn~‡Z©i R‡b¨, i³v³ Ges jywÉZ, wØZxqevi Avi bq, i³v³, jywÉZ Ges cÖvYnxb Ñ †`Iqv‡ji cv‡qi Kv‡Q PZ¡‡i Zviv ï‡q Av‡Q| ïay KweZvq bq, M‡`¨I mnR-mij-mvejxj| hw`I †mB M‡`¨ Kve¨gqZvi ¯úk© Abyfe Kiv hvq| Zuvi iPbvq ü`q Qyu‡q hvq Ñ evsjv‡`‡ki mvwn‡Z¨ bq, evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i fze‡b| Zuvi g„Zz¨ GK Ac~iYxq ÿwZ| wZwb KL‡bv †_‡g _v‡Kbwb, Zuvi `xN© 81 eQ‡ii Rxe‡b wj‡L‡Qb cÖPzi; Gevi wZwb †_‡g †M‡jI Zuvi mvwnZ¨m¤¢vi cvV‡Ki `iev‡i ¯’vqx Avmb jvf K‡i‡Q| me¨mvPx mvwnwZ¨K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, evOvwji ü`‡qi m¤ú`| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Abyev`I ¯§iYxq| Zuvi Abyev`I m„Rbkxj Abyev` n‡q D‡V‡Q| we‡kl K‡i Bs‡iwR bvUK I Dcb¨vm evsjvq Abyev` K‡i wZwb evsjv‡`‡ki Abyev`-mvwn‡Z¨ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡q D‡V‡Qb| kÖveYivRv, †Mvjv‡ci e‡b `xN©k¦vm, g¨vK‡e‡_i PgrKvi Abyev` cvVKgn‡j mvov RvwM‡q‡Q| GKRb m„Rbkxj mvwnwZ¨K Abyev`-mvwn‡Z¨I mgvb K…wZ‡Z¡i cwiPq w`‡q‡Qb| cvðv‡Z¨i cUf‚wg‡K cÖv‡P¨i wkK‡oi mÜvb w`‡q‡Qb| Bs‡iwR, evsjv fvlv I mvwn‡Z¨i wbcyY KvwiMi wn‡m‡e AvÿwiK Abyev` bv n‡q m„Rbkxj mvwnZ¨ Abyev` wn‡m‡e mgv`„Z n‡q‡Q| GKRb m„Rbkxj mvwnwZ¨‡Ki Mí-Dcb¨vmKweZv-bvUK, Av‡jvwPZ n‡Z n‡Z cÖeܸwj D‡cwÿZ †_‡K hvq| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki cÖeܸwj GKK_vq Abe`¨| evsjvi mgvR-ms¯‹…wZmn evOvwji Rxeb-gb‡bi wewPÎ welq‡K cÖe‡Üi gwYgvjvq †Mu‡_‡Qb| iæwPkxj BwZevPK D`viZvq cÖeܸwj GK ¯^”QwPšÍvi cwicK¡ dmj| Zuvi wmwiqvm cÖeܸwj mimZvi ü`q¯ú‡k© mRxe I cÖvYešÍ n‡q D‡V‡Q| AvZ¥Zvg~jK Gme cÖe‡Ü nq‡Zv nK mv‡n‡ei Kwegb¯‹Zvi cwiPq Av‡Q, Kwe‡Z¡i cwiPq _vKvUvI LyeB ¯^vfvweK, Zey gbbkxjZvi imfvl¨ n‡q D‡V‡Q| we‡kl K‡i ürKj‡gi Uv‡b (cÖ_g I wØZxq LÐ) I gvwR©‡b gšÍe¨ Amvgvb¨ M`¨MÖš’| M`¨ cvVK mvgªv‡R¨ cÖvewÜK ˆmq` kvgmyj nK GKRb AwZ-AvaywbK wPšÍK wn‡m‡e gh©v`v cv‡eb| cÖvewÜK-Abyev`K ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Ôciv‡Yi Mnxb wfZiÕ KweZv co‡Z-co‡Z g‡b nq wZwb eûgvwÎK| Zuvi m‡bU¸”Q fiv b`xi g‡Zv †mŠg¨-kvšÍ n‡qI AšÍ¯Í‡j i‡q‡Q MwZgq †mªvZw¯^bx| Zuvi KwecÖZ¨q evsjv KweZvi fze‡b ¯^`xwÿZ ¯^wPwýZ DËi-AvaywbK mvwnZ¨exÿvi bZzb cwjgvwUcÖvß wRÁvmv| Kwe GLv‡b bvMwiK n‡qI ga¨we‡Ëi ¯§„wZ b÷vjwRqvi m‡½ cÖK… wZi g‡a¨ jxb n‡q †M‡Qb| Zuvi KweZv wmwi‡R ÔPuv`Õ, ÔcvwLÕ, Ô†R¨vrmœvÕ, Ôwb`ªvÕ, Ô¯^cœÕ RxešÍ n‡q I‡V GK giwgqv AviwZ‡Z| †jv‡KvËi wgjbwegyL weinKvZiZvq Zuvi KweZvq gvbeZvi Avb›` cÖwZaŸwbZ nq| ZvB wZwb ïay ¯^Kv‡ji bb, fvexKv‡jiI Kwe| Zuvi AmsL¨ KweZvq †jvKvqZ Rxeb, cÖvšÍ ms¯‹…wZ, ga¨we‡Ëi gvwÎKZvi m‡½ cÖwZ‡ivax †PZbv we”QywiZ nq| Kwe ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki KweZvq ga¨we‡Ëi ms¯‹…wZ I iæwPi wewbg©v‡Y mgKv‡ji †`kvZ¥aviv cÖvYešÍ n‡q I‡V| Ôc‡njv gvP© 1971Õ, ÔGKvˇii cuwP‡k gv‡P©i Amgvß KweZvÕ, Ô¯^vaxbZvÕ, ÔAvwg Rb¥MÖnY KwiwbÕ, Ôwd‡i G‡mv i³v³ evsjv‡`kÕ, ÔgywR‡ei i³v³ evsjvqÕ KweZv¸wj cvVK †PZbvq †kÖq‡ev‡ai Rb¥ †`q; m„wó K‡i f‚wgcy‡Îi D`vË AvnŸvb| RvZxq †PZbvq DØy×I K‡i Zuvi KweZv| Kwe GLv‡b Avcmnxb, Zuvi KweZv `vq‡ev‡ai

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mgKv‡j AvewZ©Z| ÔGKwU R‡b¥iÕ K_v e‡jb, †h-R‡b¥i A‡cÿvq Aaxi Kwe| Miwebx †`k †h-R‡b¥i cÖZxÿvq Av‡Q| Kwei Rb¥MÖnY †mB cÖZ¨‡q, Kwei Awe‡”Q`¨ Avkvev` Ñ ÔAvwg Rb¥MÖnY Kie...Õ| Avevi †`kRb¥ cÖm‡½ Av‡iv Zxÿèax ¯^‡i e‡jb Ñ ÔAvwg Rb¥MÖnY Kwiwb, Avgv‡K Rb¥ †`qv n‡q‡Q|Õ Ôˆekv‡L iwPZ csw³gvjvÕ KweZvq †L‡`vw³i †P‡q †ewk Av‡Q wbwg©Z Rxe‡bi Avkvgq Avb›`msev`| ga¨we‡Ëi cwie„Ë AwZµg K‡i _v‡K wek¦‡gRv‡Ri wewPÎ cUf‚wg| K…wÎg Av‡ivwcZ bq, ¯^Ztù‚Z© cÖengvb hvÎvc‡_i Q‡›`ve܇b g~Z© n‡q D‡V‡Q Zuvi KweZv| †hLv‡b cyivY, BwZnvm, HwZn¨, †hŠbZv, gb¯ÍË¡, Av_©-mvgvwRK wµqv-cÖwZwµqv m~² myKzgvi wk‡í wea„Z n‡q‡Q| AvjsKvwiK gvÎvq cyi‡bv Avw½‡KiB NUvb beZi DÌvb| Kwe ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki AvaywbKZvi evZ©vwU _v‡K †jvKvqZ wkK‡oi Mfxi Mn‡b| †cÖg I cÖK…wZ Av_©-mvgvwRK-ms¯‹…wZi m‡½ GKxf‚Z n‡q hvq| Ñ G eo `viæY evwR, Zv‡i KB eo evwRKi †h Zvi iægvj bv‡o civ‡bi Mnxb wfZi| evsjv KweZvq Rxe‡bi ÿq, msKU, wech©q, we‡”Q`, Aemv` wKsev AvRb¥ ms¯‹vi-Kzms¯‹v‡ii Ø›Ø GK bZzb Kve¨ wPÎixwZ AR©b K‡i‡Q| †hLv‡b gvb‡ei c~Y©v½ m‡Z¨i iƒcwU D™¢vwmZ n‡q I‡V| †mB m‡½ PwiÎ wbg©v‡Y, NUbvi MÖš’‡b KweZv †hb GK iƒcK_vi Kvwnwbi Mfxi †iLvcvZ K‡i| 1959 †_‡K 2012 mgq ch©šÍ cÖvq cÂvk eQi a‡i, evsjv KweZvi RMr‡K bevwqZ K‡i‡Qb| Awfbe kãgvjv, †cÖgcÖK…wZi m‡½ m¤ú„³ wPÎKí¸wj evsjv KweZvi AvKv‡k GK wfbœ gvÎv w`‡q‡Q| ey‡bve„wói Mvb (1959), weiwZnxb Drme (1969), Aci cyiæl (1978), i¾yc‡_ P‡jwQ (1988), †kÖô KweZv (1990), ivR‰bwZK KweZv (1991), †cÖ‡gi KweZv (1996), KweZv msMÖn (1998), †Zvgvi bÿÎ GB i‡³i †jvwn‡Z (2010), fv‡jvevmvi c`vewji (2012) Kve¨hvÎvq cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q Av¸‡bi dzjwK| hyׇÿ‡Îi aŸsmiƒc †_‡K cvZv Sivi wbmM©Mv‡bi m‡½ Av¸b I ¸wji AvZ©bv` †kvbv hvq Zuvi KweZvq| †`kR AvÂwjK k‡ãi m‡½ M`¨¯ú›`b, K_bixwZ, bvU¨msjvc, `„k¨c‡Ui †cÖÿvcU m„wó K‡i, Kwe ˆmq` kvgmyj nK, GK AwZ-AvaywbKZg wkíx| GKB m‡½ cÖvP¨-cvðvZ¨ wef½ Kwe‡K m„wRZ K‡i| Zuvi wePiY n‡q I‡V evsjv‡`k †_‡K BD‡iv‡ci Bsj¨vÛ| Kwei fvlvq ejv hvq ÔGKwU Avgvi Rb¥f‚wg, Ab¨wU g‡bvf‚wgÕ| evsjv‡`k †_‡K ewne©‡½ Zuvi KweZvi Abyl½ GK †_‡K eûgvÎvi Av‡jvQvqvq eûe¨vß nq| mgq ev¯ÍeZvq Zuvi KweZvi msmvi me©RbxbZvi ¯^v‡` DËxY© n‡q‡Q| cÂv‡ki `k‡Ki evsjv‡`‡ki †QvUMí mvwn‡Z¨i D‡jøL‡hvM¨ ˆewkó¨ n‡”Q Ñ g„wËKvg~j¯úkx©, RvwZmËvi wkK‡oi mÜvb| M‡íi wel‡qi m‡½-m‡½ cÖKiY-cwiPh©vi cÖwZ Kwe g‡bv‡hvMx| welqvsk Dc¯’vcbvi Awfbe‡Z¡ I wbixÿvkxj fvlvixwZ lv‡Ui `k‡Ki †QvUM‡íi hvÎv‡K F× K‡i‡Q| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Zvm (1954) MíMÖš’wU †mB m~Pbv c‡_i mÜvb w`‡q‡Q| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki M`¨ixwZi cÖavb jÿ Kve¨gqZv| †mB m‡½ cÖZxK-Dcgv-Dr‡cÖÿv e¨env‡i Awfbe mvwnZ¨‡ev‡ai cwiPq w`‡q‡Qb| Avevi g„wËKvRvZ gvby‡li RvwZmËv bq, gvby‡li g‡bvMn‡bi RwUjZv D‡b¥vPb K‡i‡Qb, K_vwkíx ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| cÖ_g c‡e© e„nËi RbRxe‡bi cUwP‡Î Mí wj‡L‡Qb, wØZxq c‡e© gvbeRxe‡bi AšÍtAm½wZ I AšÍe©v¯ÍeZvi Míiƒc A¼b K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi M‡í Rxeb wfbœ myi †c‡q‡Q, PwiÎ n‡q D‡V‡Q


RxešÍ, cÖvYevb| †`‡ni KvVv‡gv Qvwo‡q M‡í cÖv‡Yi mÂvi N‡U‡Q| ïay M‡íi Rb¨ Mí Ñ GB mv‡ewK aviYv †_‡K wZwb †QvUMí‡K gyw³ w`‡q‡Qb| evsjv‡`‡ki †QvUMí Zuvi Kj‡gB cÖ_g mv_©Kfv‡e cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| bvMwiK ga¨we‡Ëi gb¯ÍvwË¡K RwUjZv, Am½wZ Avi wb‡e©` A½‡bB ˆmq` kvgmyj nK me‡P‡q g‡bv‡hvM w`‡q‡Qb| Mvn©¯’¨ Rxebmsmv‡i ¯^vgx-¯¿x-mšÍvb cwi‡ewóZ Rbbxi kvk¦Z g~wZ© A¼b K‡i‡Qb ÔZvmÕ M‡í| GKvwaK fvlvq Ab~w`Z Zvm M‡íi ˆewPΨgq Kvwnwb bvbv NUbvi cÖ‡ÿc‡Y AvaywbK gvÎv jvf K‡i‡Q| we‡kl K‡i weaev Rbbxi ¯§„wZKvZiZv, hš¿Yv, AšÍ`©vnb cÖZxKx evZ©vq wPwÎZ n‡q‡Q| ÔAvb‡›`i g„Zz¨Õ Zuvi Av‡iKwU Abe`¨ †QvUMí| bvMwiK ga¨we‡Ëi Amvi, fzuB‡dvo Rxeb‡K PgrKvi `„k¨cwiKíbvq Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb| ïay bvMwiK ga¨weË Rxe‡bi Mí bq, cvwievwiK, AvÂwjK M‡íi m‡½ m‡½ †cÖg gb¯Í‡Ë¡i RwUjZvi M‡í wZwb wm×n¯Í| †cÖg Ges g‡bvweKjbagx© M‡íI ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †ek cvi½gZv †`wL‡q‡Qb| MÖvgxY Rxebc‡U AvÂwjK M‡í Zuvi †`kR k‡ãi e¨env‡i wbcyYZvi Qvc Av‡Q| mgv‡Ri †kvlY-ms¯‹vi‡K †K›`ª K‡i wbixÿvagx© R‡jk¦ixi Mí¸‡jv (1990) AwfbeZ¡ G‡b‡Q| ¯^vaxbZv-cieZx© evsjv‡`‡ki MÖvg‡Kw›`ªK †kÖwYPwi‡Îi †kvlY-ms¯‹vi wbh©vZ‡bi PvjwPÎ aiv c‡o‡Q| †QvUMíKvi ˆmq` kvgmyj nK `xN©vwqZ Mí cwiPh©vi c_ cwiµgvq wel‡qi m‡½ Avw½‡KiI cÖf‚Z cwieZ©b G‡b‡Qb| evsjv †QvUM‡í cÖZxK wbg©vY, ev¯ÍevbyM mgqmwÜrmv, B‡g‡R ewY©Z Av‡e‡Mi we”QyiY Ñ GK Amvgvb¨ M`¨fw½ m„wó K‡i‡Q| we‡kl K‡i Zuvi FRy M`¨kw³ evsjv †QvUMí‡K cÖLi Rxebev`x K‡i Zz‡j‡Q| evsjv‡`‡ki mvwn‡Z¨ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK `ÿ I w¯’Zax MíKvi| Zvm †_‡K MímgMÖ (2001) ch©šÍ Zuvi i‡q‡Q K‡qK `k‡Ki MíPP©vi cÖev`cÖwZg AwfÁZv| evsjv M‡íi fze‡b dz‡U D‡V‡Q wewPÎ-wel‡qi Mí; gb¯ÍË¡-g‡bvweKjbagx© †_‡K gyw³hy‡×i Mí| g„Zz¨ ch©šÍ wZwb evsjv †QvUM‡íi `~iMvgx-`y¨wZgq MíKvi| Zvm, kxZwe‡Kj (1959), Avb‡›`i g„Zz¨ (1967), cÖvPxb es‡ki wbt¯^mšÍvb (1981), GKm‡½ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK (MímsKjb, 1986), †cÖ‡gi Mí (1990), †kÖô Mí (1990), MímsMÖn MÖ‡š’i g‡a¨ bMiRxe‡bi Aeÿq I ˆbiv‡k¨i m‡½ bi-bvixi g‡bvwe‡kølY bvbvb gvÎvq dz‡U D‡V‡Q| †mB 1966 mv‡jB wZwb †c‡q †M‡Qb †QvUM‡í evsjv GKv‡Wwg cyi¯‹vi| Zuvi g„Zz¨ ïay evsjv‡`‡ki M‡í bq, evsjv †QvUM‡íi BwZe„‡ËI GK Ac~iYxq ÿwZ| ïay †QvUM‡í bq, Dcb¨vm iPbvq wm×n¯Í ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| wZwb evsjv‡`‡ki wewkó K_vwkíx| kû‡i wkwÿZ ga¨weË bvMwiK Rxe‡bi AvZ¥‡Kw›`ªKZv, gvbeRxe‡bi ewjô K_vwkíx wZwb| Zuvi mnR-mij, mvejxj fvlv cvVK‡K gy» K‡i| Zuvi Dcb¨v‡mi wjwcPvZzh© I evKwbwg©wZ mn‡RB cvVK‡K AvKl©Y K‡i| Zuvi Dcb¨v‡mi Pwiθ‡jv AšÍØ©‡›Ø ÿZ-weÿZ AvaywbK Rxeb‡K cÖKvwkZ K‡i‡Q| we‡kl K‡i evOvwj ga¨we‡Ëi DËiY I iƒcvšÍ‡ii wPÎ A¼b K‡i‡Qb mvwnwZ¨K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv-c~e© Ges cieZx© mg‡q µgweKwkZ n‡q‡Q ga¨we‡Ëi g‡bvRMr, weKviMÖ¯ÍZv, †hŠbZv, APwiZv_©Zv, AvZ¥KvЂqb,, ¯^we‡ivwaZv wewPÎfv‡e wbixwÿZ n‡q‡Q Zuvi Dcb¨v‡m| `xN© Rxe‡bi AwfÁZvq evOvwj †kÖwY-Pwi‡Îi msNvZ I msMÖv‡gi iƒc‡iLv cÖùzwUZ n‡q‡Q| evOvwji engvb †jvKvqZ ms¯‹…wZi cybwb©g©vY cÖwZôv n‡q‡Q Zuvi Dcb¨v‡m| GK gwnjvi Qwe (1959), RbK I Kv‡jvKwd (1962),

mxgvbv Qvwo‡q (1964), †Ljvivg †L‡j hv (1973), Ab¨ GK Avwj½b (1982), GK hye‡Ki Qvqvc_ (1987), K‡qKwU gvby‡li †mvbvjx †hŠeb (1989), e„wó I we‡`ªvnxMY (cÖ_g LÐ 1989, wØZxq LÐ 1990), abevjv wKQy UvKv avi wb‡qwQj (1989), Zzwg †mB Zievwi (1989), †gl I †gwkb (1991), gnvk~‡b¨ civb gv÷vi (1992), evwjKvi P›`ªhvb (1992), Av‡jvi Rb¨ (1995), GKgy‡Vv Rb¥f‚wg (1997), bvixiv (1999), ev¯ÍeZvi `uvZ I KivZ (1999), cÖvšÍ ch©šÍ (2013), I †KivbxI †`Š‡o wQj (2013) Dcb¨vmmg~‡n evOvwji msKU I ¯^v_©ciZv aiv c‡o‡Q| †mB m‡½ ga¨weË evOvwji msNvZ I msMÖv‡gi wPÎ dz‡U D‡V‡Q| 1971-G evsjv‡`k ¯^vaxb nIqvi ci evOvwj ga¨weË †kÖwYi Avkvf‡½i †e`bv mgMÖ RvwZmËv‡K wb‡ÿc K‡i wbivkvi Kv‡jv AÜKv‡i| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki †Ljvivg †L‡j hv Dcb¨v‡m iƒcvwqZ n‡q‡Q mgvRmËv wew”Qbœ e¨w³i weKvi, AvZ¥myLcivqYZv I †fvMev`x †PZbv| evei Avjxi †K¬`v³ I weK…Z RxebPh©vi g~‡j i‡q‡Q wjwe‡WvcÖvYZv| AmsL¨ bvixi g‡a¨ evei Avjxi †hŠbKvgbvi †fvM †cÖgk~b¨| †fvM-Z…wß I wiismvi RMr †_‡K wew”Qbœ n‡jB evei Avjxi g‡a¨ †`kfv‡Mi mv¤úª`vwqK `v½v I Rb¥f‚wg †_‡K wQbœ nIqvi ¯§„wZi RvMiY N‡U| evei Avjxi †QvU †evb nvmby wbt‡kwlZ nIqvi `ytLgq RM‡Z cwiågY K‡i| †Ljvivg †L‡j hv Dcb¨v‡m ga¨weË gvb‡mi †h-¯^iƒc D‡b¥vwPZ nq, Zv AvaywbK evOvwji GK bZzb e„ËvšÍ, hv Av‡Rv cÖvmw½K| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki bxj `skb (1981) I wbwl× †jvevb (1981) Dcb¨vm`ywU gyw³hy×Kvjxb evOvwj RvwZmËvi mvgwMÖK RvMiY bq, eis GKwU LwÐZ cwi‡”Q‡`i kãiƒc| bxj `sk‡b bxjKÉ hš¿Yvi njvnj aviY Ki‡Z n‡jv, KviY †m evOvwj; evev KvRx mvBdzj Bmjvg, †Q‡j KvRx bRiæj Bmjvg| hy× ïiæ n‡j RvdiM‡Ä hvIqvi c‡_ bRiæj a„Z nq| cvwK¯Ívwb †mbv‡`i Kv‡Q `ytmn wbh©vZ‡bi bRiæj ÔbRiæjÕ‡K A¯^xKvi K‡i bv| †m ÔRqevsjvÕi †jvK, fvi‡Zi AbyPi| GLv‡b `vq‡ev‡ai welqwUB bRiæ‡ji bxjKÉ `skb-hš¿Yv| †QvÆ cwim‡i gyw³hy‡×i Zvrch©gq ZË¡wU kw³kvjx ˆkjx‡Z wPwÎZ n‡q‡Q| wbwl× †jvevb Dcb¨v‡m XvKv †Q‡o wejwK‡mi MÖv‡g †divi c‡_ AwbðqZv, Aeiæ×Zv, wbivcËvnxbZvi PvjwPÎ dz‡U D‡V‡Q| Jcb¨vwmK wbwl× †jvev‡b msMÖvg Avi weR‡qi wPÎ bv Gu‡K cvwK¯Ívwb ˆmb¨‡`i wiismve„wËi Djøvm A¼‡bB AwaK Drmvn †`wL‡q‡Qb, hv n‡q D‡V‡Q mgmg‡qi RxešÍ `wjj| wØZxq w`‡bi Kvwnbx‡Z (1984) ¯§„wZPvi‡Yi ga¨ w`‡q G‡m‡Q †MŠi‡ev¾¡j gyw³hy‡×i K_v| Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK wkÿK Zv‡ni g‡b K‡ib Ñ gyw³msMÖvg 1971-Gi 16 wW‡m¤^‡i †kl n‡q hvqwb| KviY, ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡k GL‡bv Aïfkw³i AÜKvi †_‡K †M‡Q| Zv‡n‡ii Av‡Z¥vcjwä‡Z R¡‡j I‡V cÖwZ‡kv‡ai AvKv•ÿv Ñ Ñ msMÖvg GL‡bv †kl nqwb, †kl ¯^vaxb n‡q‡Q e‡jB †`k †_‡K GK jngvq Aïf kw³mg~n AšÍwn©Z nqwb; GL‡bv A¯¿ aviY Kievi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv i‡q‡Q, m¤¢eZ Av‡Mi †P‡q, gyw³hy× Pjvi mg‡qi †P‡q, GLbB cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Av‡iv †ewk K‡i i‡q‡Q| g„Mqvq Kvj‡ÿc (1986) Dcb¨v‡m ewY©Z n‡q‡Q gyw³hy‡×i Zxeª e¨½| ¯^‡`‡ki A‡_© gyw³hy‡×i mgq we‡`‡k wejvmx Rxeb‡K †kølvZ¥K fw½‡Z Bw½Z w`‡q‡Qb| fzuB‡dvo ga¨we‡Ëi cÖZviYv-cÖeÂbv, gyw³hy‡×i †cÖÿvc‡U K‡Vvi-ev¯ÍeZvi wPÎ Gu‡K‡Qb| cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q c~e©-evsjvi wbg©g Av_©-mvgvwRK-

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ivRbxwZi w`bwjwc| Avqbv wewei cvjvq (1986) MxwZKvi KvVv‡gv‡Z Kvwnwb‡K ewY©Z K‡i‡Qb| ¯^vaxbZv-DËi evsjv‡`‡ki gvby‡li MÖvg †Q‡o kn‡i Avmv I we‡`‡k cvwo †`Iqvi cÖ‡Póv cwijwÿZ nq| †Zgwb kniI ew¯Íi cwZZvcwjømn bvbv Aciv‡ai †gvKv‡g cwiYZ| Avqbvweweiv cÖ_ve× bvixi hveZxq ms¯‹vi I wek¦vm wb‡q kn‡i Av‡m| †mB Avw`g ms¯‹vi †_‡K µgk Zv‡`i DËiY N‡U| gûqv cvjvi Abymi‡Y Dcb¨v‡mi Kvwnwb eqvb K‡ib mvwnwZ¨K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| KweZvi m‡½ †jvKR †PZbv, †jvKvqZ †fŠ‡MvwjK fvebvq Dcb¨vmwU Ñ Dc¯’vcbfw½‡Z ¯^Zš¿ n‡q I‡V| Awfbe wbwg©Z ˆkjx‡Z evsjv Dcb¨v‡mi MwZc_ wfbœc‡_ hvÎv K‡i| K_vwkíx ˆmq` kvgmyj nK evsjv Dcb¨v‡mi fze‡b wbR¯^ myi I ¯^i‡K cÖwZôv K‡ib| 2006 mvj ch©šÍ Zuvi mvZ L‡Ð cÖKvwkZ Dcb¨vmmg~n evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i GK Ag~j¨ m¤ú`| Zuvi g„Zz¨ evsjv m„Rbkxj mvwn‡Z¨i evMv‡b GK e„šÍPz¨Z dzj| wewPÎ welq Avi Avw½‡Ki ˆewP‡Î¨ evsjv Dcb¨vm‡K wkwÿZ ga¨weË evOvwji Avqbv K‡i Zz‡j‡Qb wZwb, †hLv‡b †jvKR I †`kR fvebvi †gvo‡K evOvwji e¨_©Zv I mvdj¨ wPwÎZ n‡q‡Q| me¨mvPx mvwnwZ¨K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK mv_©K bvUK wj‡L‡Qb| †mB bvUK gÂmdjI e‡U| we‡kl K‡i Kve¨bvUK, Agi cO&w³gvjvq wk‡ívËxY© n‡q‡Q| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq (1976) I b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb (1982) `ywU Kve¨bv‡U¨ msjvc-fvlv-kã wbg©v‡Y cyivY-cÖwZgvi m‡½ †jvKvqZ HwZn¨ wg‡k GK Abycg ˆkjx‡Z wea„Z n‡q‡Q| evsjv‡`‡ki bvU¨g‡Â mdj w_‡qUvi wn‡m‡e `k©K-mgv`„Z n‡q‡Q| ïay mv_©K bvUK m„wó bq, me¨mvPx mvwnwZ¨K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK gÂ-cwiKíKI e‡U| evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hyׇK †K›`ª K‡i me‡P‡q mv_©K I gÂmdj bvUK wj‡L‡Qb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK| cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq Kve¨bvUKwU G-cÖm‡½ we‡klfv‡e ¯§iY‡hvM¨| gyw³hy‡×i †k‡l gyw³evwnwb MÖv‡g wd‡i G‡m †`‡L MÖv‡gi gvZei cvwK¯Ív‡bi `vjvwj Ki‡Q| GgbwK wb‡Ri Kb¨v‡K gvZei cvwK¯Ívwb †mbv-Awdmv‡ii nv‡Z Zz‡j w`‡q‡Q| fxZmš¿¯Í Amnvq gvZeiKb¨v gvZe‡ii mvg‡b AvZ¥nZ¨v K‡i| gyw³‡hv×viv gvZei‡K nZ¨v K‡i| gg©‡f`x Kvbœvq gyw³hy‡×i wfbœ gyL D‡b¥vwPZ n‡q‡Q| evsjvfvlvi MwZgqZv, AvÂwjK k‡ãi Kzkjx cÖ‡qv‡M hy‡×i Rxebev¯ÍeZvi Kvwe¨K D”Pvi‡Y cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq evsjv‡`‡ki bvU¨-mvwn‡Z¨ GK hyMvšÍKvix, cvjv e`jKvix bvUK wn‡m‡e PwP©Z n‡q‡Q| 1971-cieZx© Kvjmxgvq evsjv‡`‡ki bvU‡Ki GKwU Ab¨Zg cÖavb cÖeYZv BwZnvm-HwZn¨-cyiv‡Yi beg~j¨vqb| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki bvU‡K †hgb bvbv †KŠwYK iƒcvqY N‡U‡Q gyw³hy‡×i, †Zgwb gyw³‡hv×vËi mgvRev¯ÍeZvi| b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb (1982) bvU‡K `y‡kv eQ‡ii cyi‡bv BwZnvm †_‡K Zz‡j G‡b‡Qb iscy‡ii exi K…lK-†bZv b~ij`xb‡K| 1783 mv‡j iscyi-w`bvRcy‡i mvgªvR¨ev`we‡ivax K…lK †bZv b~ij`x‡bi mvnm Avi msMÖv‡gi Dcv`v‡b m„wó K‡i‡Qb Ñ b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb| b~ij`x‡bi weªwUkwe‡ivwaZvi m‡½ bvU¨Kvi Amvgvb¨ ˆbcyY¨ wgwj‡q w`‡q‡Qb| 1783 wKsev 1971 mvj evOvwji RvMi‡Yi wew”Qbœ †Kv‡bv NUbv bq| evOvwj RvwZmËvi msMÖvgx †PZbv Dc¯’vc‡bi Rb¨ b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb Kve¨bvU¨wU Kv‡jvËxY© wmw× jvf K‡i‡Q| evOvwj RvwZmËvi msMÖvgx †PZbvi m‡½ cÖwZ‡iva-civµg Rxeb-g„Zz¨‡K mvg‡b †i‡L, wb‡Ri f‚wg‡Z †mvRv n‡q `uvovevi mvnm †`Lvb b~ij`xb| Ñ

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GK b~ij`xb hw` Pwj hvq, nvRvi b~ij`xb Avwm‡e evsjvq| ... ... ... G `¨v‡k nvgvi evwo Dˇi bv Av‡Q wngvjq Dqvi gZb Lvov nq h¨vb gvby‡liv nq| G `¨v‡k nvgvi evwo `wÿ‡Y‡Z esMcmvMi, Dqvi gZb MwR© I‡V h¨vb gvby‡li ¯^i| G `¨v‡k nvgvi evwo c~e© w`‡K eªþcyÎ Av‡Q, Dqvi gZb wdi gvby‡li i³ h¨vb bv‡P| †jvKbv‡U¨i mvsMxwZK ixwZi AwgZ m¤¢vebv‡K bvU¨Kvi e¨envi K‡i‡Qb b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb bvU‡K| evsjv bvU‡Ki D™¢e cvðvZ¨ bvUK †_‡K bq; eis nvRvi eQ‡ii †`kR HwZn¨ †_‡K Ñ GB wek¦vm bvU¨Kvi ˆmq` kvgmyj nK‡K bvU‡K bZzb dg© wbixÿvq DØy× K‡i‡Q| bvU¨Kvi kvgmyj nK g‡b K‡ib, †jvKvqZ Kve¨bv‡U¨i Avw½‡KB iwPZ n‡Z cv‡i evsjv fvlvi †kÖô gnvbvUK| †mB kÖgmva¨ cixÿvq mdj bvU¨Kvi wZwb| evsjv‡`‡ki bvU‡K bZzb gvÎvq ïay bq, evsjv bvU‡Ki bZzb fzeb m„wói Av‡jvq wZwb ¯§iY‡hvM¨| b~ij`xb Kvjmxgv AwZµg K‡i evOvwji mw¤§wjZ kw³ †PZbvi cÖZx‡K cwiYZ| me¨mvPx mvwnwZ¨K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK evsjv fvlvq, mvwn‡Z¨i me©¯Í‡i mdjMvgx hvwÎK wn‡m‡e wPi¯§iYxq n‡q _vK‡eb| evsjv‡`‡ki mvwnZ¨-Av‡jvPbvq wZwb Acwinvh©| Zuvi eûgvwÎK mvwnZ¨m¤¢vi Dfq evsjvi cvVKe‡M© mg„× n‡q‡Q| fviZxq Dcgnv‡`‡k Zuvi g‡Zv eûgyLx cÖwZfvi kw³kvjx †jLK, GKgvÎ wZwbB| Zuvi g„Zz¨‡Z evOvwj cvVK †e`bvi b`x‡Z engvb|

Z_¨mnvqK MÖš’ZvwjKv

* evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnvm (AvaywbK hyM) Ñ AvRnvi Bmjvg, Abb¨v, PZz_© ms¯‹iY, XvKv, 2009| * mgvR ms¯‹vi Av‡›`vjb I evsjv bvUK, †Mvjvg gyiwk`, XvKv, 1984| * evsjv Dcb¨vm mvwn‡Z¨ ga¨weË †kÖwY, gyn¤§` B`wim Avjx, evsjv GKv‡Wwg, XvKv, 1985| * evsjv‡`‡ki mvwn‡Z¨i m¤ú~Y© BwZe„Ë, knx` BKevj, K_v cÖKvk, XvKv, 2016| * evsjv‡`‡ki mvwnZ¨ I ms¯‹…wZ, wek¦wRr †Nvl, †mvbvi evsjv cÖKvkb, KjKvZv, 2014| * mgKvjxb evsjv mvwnZ¨, Lvb mviIqvi gyiwk`, XvKv 1989| * evsjv bvUK : Drm I aviv, bxwjgv Beªvwng, XvKv 1972| * evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i BwZe„Ë (AvaywbK hyM), ˆmq` Avjx Avnmvb XvKv, lô ms¯‹iY 1983| * c~e© evsjvi ivRbxwZ ms¯‹…wZ I KweZv, mvC`-Di-ingvb, XvKv 1983| * DËivwaKvi (m¤úv`K ghnviæj Bmjvg) knx` w`em msL¨v, †deªæqvwi 1974, evsjv GKv‡Wwg, XvKv| * eB‡qi Lei (m¤úv`K weRjxcÖfv mvnv), wØZxq el©, cÖ_g msL¨v, Rvbyqvwi-gvP© 1980, XvKv| * AvaywbK evsjv w_‡qUvi (wkí I ivRbxwZ), wecøe evjv, †mvbvi evsjv cÖKvkb, KjKvZv, 2015| * bvU¨cwiµgv (Pvi `k‡Ki evsjv‡`k), iv‡g›`y gRyg`vim¤úvw`Z, behyM cÖKvkbx, XvKv, 2013| * evsjv‡`‡ki cuwPk eQ‡ii mvwnZ¨ (1972-97), mvC`-Di ingvb, evsjv GKv‡Wwg, XvKv, 2003| r


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IB `yc‡y i UzUjz fvB-B nKw`w`i m‡½ Avgv‡`i cwiPq Kwi‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb| `y-GKUv K_v wewbg‡qi ci nKw`w` wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, Ôïׯ^i †_‡K Avcbvi Kx eB †e‡iv‡”Q?Õ Avwg ejjvg, ÔGKUv M‡íi eB...|Õ Avgvi gy‡Li K_v A‡bKUv †K‡o wb‡qB UzUjz fvB Avgv‡K D‡Ïk K‡i ej‡jb, ÔAvcvi GKwU Dcb¨vm cÖKvwkZ n‡”Q Avgvi GLvb †_‡K| Ôe¨eüZvÕ bv‡g|Õ Zvici nKw`w`i w`‡K gyL wdwi‡qwQ‡jb UzUjz fvB| e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔnwiksKi `v`vi GKwU M‡íi eB †e‡iv‡”Q ïׯ^i †_‡K, Ôjy”PvÕ bv‡g|Õ bvgUv ï‡b †PvL KzPu ‡KwQ‡jb Av‡bvqvivw`| e‡jwQ‡jb, jy”Pv! Avgvi w`‡K wd‡i e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔG Kx bvg! Avwg G-bvg †g‡b wb‡Z cvijvg bv|Õ ¯¿xi mvg‡b Kx Avi ewj! Pzc K‡iB _vKjvg Avwg| GKUz c‡i UzUjz fvB‡qi m‡½ AvjvcPvwiZv †m‡i D‡V c‡owQ‡jb Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK| nKw`w`i Awfe¨w³ †`‡L Ges K_v ï‡b †ekUzKz †h wePwjZ nBwb, Zv bq; wKš‘ †mB `yc‡y i A‡bKUv Acivax fw½‡Z w`w`i w`‡K ZvwK‡q †_‡KwQjvg| Gi c‡ii NUbv 2014-Gi wW‡m¤^‡ii †kl ïµevi| IBw`b evsjv GKv‡Wwg PZ¡‡i evsjv GKv‡Wwgi m`m¨ I †d‡jv‡`i wgjb‡gjv e‡mwQj| evsjv‡`‡ki bvbv †Rjv †_‡K mvwnwZ¨Kiv Av‡mb IB Abyôv‡b| G‡K Ac‡ii m‡½ †`Lv-mvÿvr nq, K_vevZ©v nq| IB mKv‡j Av‡bvqviv w`w`i m‡½ Avgvi Avevi †`Lv| ea©gvb nvD‡mi `wÿYcv‡ki PZ¡‡i| Pv-weiwZ PjwQj ZLb| KZRb †h Dcw¯’Z †mB PZ¡‡i| †Pbv-A‡Pbv KZ gyL! `~i †_‡K Av‡bvqvivw`‡K †`Ljvg| B‡”Q RvMj Zuvi w`‡K GwM‡q hvIqvi| D‡Ïk¨ Ñ Avgvi cÖwZ Zuvi †ÿvfUv K‡g‡Q wKbv, Zv ciL Kiv| ï‡f”Qv wewbg‡qi e¨vcviwU †Zv Av‡QB| bg¯‹vi ejvi ci ï‡f”Qv Rvbv‡jb wZwb| `y-GKUv K_vI ej‡jb| †mB K_v¸‡jvi GKwU n‡jv Ñ jy”Pv cÖm½| †`Ljvg Ñ jy”PvwelqK †ÿvf Zuvi ZL‡bv AUzU i‡q †M‡Q| Ab¨w`‡K m‡i †M‡jb Av‡bvqvivw`| gbUv welYœ n‡q †Mj eo| kvwšÍiÄb `v`v mvšÍb¡ v w`‡jb, ÔI wKQy bv| gb Lvivc K‡iv bv| IB †`‡Lv Ñ ˆmq` kvgmyj nK `uvwo‡q Av‡Qb| Zuvi Kv‡Q hvI| gb fv‡jv n‡q hv‡e|Õ Avwg PwK‡Z kvwšÍ`vi w`‡K ZvKvjvg| Avi †Kv‡bv eo gb Lviv‡c Rove bv †Zv! kvwšÍ`v Avgvi ïfvbya¨vqx| Kzwgjøvq evwo| GKmgq GKm‡½ c‡owQ, miKvwi K‡j‡R| wZwb †Zv Avgv‡K Avi wec‡` †V‡j †`‡eb bv| ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki w`‡K GwM‡q †Mjvg Avwg| A‡bKUv GKvB `uvwo‡q wQ‡jb wZwb| PZ¡‡i mg‡eZ gvbyl¸‡jvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q Kx †hb Mfxifv‡e fvewQ‡jb| bg¯‹vi Rvbv‡bvi m‡½-m‡½ wZwb Avgvi w`‡K †PvL †div‡jb| GB-B cÖ_g civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZ‡ii iPwqZvi GZ Kv‡Q `uvov‡bv, †Pv‡L †PvL ivLv| bvg ejjvg Avgvi| †Pv‡Li KvwVb¨ m‡i †Mj `ªæZ| cÖkvšÍ nvm‡jb| euv-nvZUv cÖmvwiZ K‡i Avgvi Wvb cv‡ki ey‡Ki Ici ivL‡jb| g„`y †UvKv w`‡q ej‡jb, ÔRj`vm, Avwg Avcbvi †jLv cwo| g‡bv‡hvM w`‡qB cwo|Õ †mB gyn‡~ Z© jy”Pv-msµvšÍ †e`bvi A‡bKUv jvNe n‡q wM‡qwQj| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Rj`v‡mi RjM`¨ co‡ebB †Zv! wZwbI †h R‡ji gvbyl| Avgvi mvMi Av‡Q, e½mvMi| Iui Av‡Q b`x, Ava‡Kvkv| †MvUvUv Rxeb c‡iv‡ÿ Avi cÖZ¨‡ÿ R‡jiB Mvb †M‡q †M‡jb ˆmq` nK| IB †h R‡jk¦ix, hv‡K wZwb evievi iƒcvwqZ K‡i‡Qb Zuvi M‡`¨, c‡`¨, ZvI †Zv R‡jiB Avavi; bvgB †Zv mvÿ¨ †`q| Avi Ava‡Kvkv †Zv Zuvi wb‡RiB b`x, Rb¥f‚wg KzwoMÖv‡gi ga¨ w`‡q cÖengvb| IB Ava‡Kvkv w`‡qB, gqjv Rvgvq †d‡ikZviv Dcb¨vmwUi ïiæ Ñ Ôb`xi bvg Ava‡KvkvÕ|

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cÖ‡Z¨K mvwnwZ¨‡Ki wbR¯^ GK-GKUv b`x Av‡Q| iex›`ªbv‡_i cÙv, Rxebvb‡›`i avbwmwo, gaym`~ b `‡Ëi K‡cvZvÿ, A‰ØZ gjøeg©‡Yi wZZvm, mg‡ik emyi M½v| †Zgwb K‡i ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Ava‡Kvkv| ev‡iv eQi eq‡m wbR evmf‚wg KzwoMÖv‡gi Rbc`wU †Q‡o G‡mwQ‡jb wZwb| cieZx© AvUlwÆ eQ‡ii Rxeb XvKv-jÛ‡bi| gv‡S gv‡S KzwoMÖvg †M‡Qb wZwb, AwZw_i g‡Zv Ñ `y-Pvi-`kw`‡bi Rb¨, ¯’vqxfv‡e emev‡mi Rb¨ bq| GB AvUlwÆ eQ‡i KzwoMÖv‡gi A‡bK ¯§„wZ nvwi‡q †M‡Q Zuvi| A‡bK e¯‘-Abyl½‡K nq‡Zv wZwb we¯§„Z n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ GKwU ZwUbx Avg„Z¨z Zuvi ¯§„wZi g‡a¨ R¡jR¡j K‡i‡Q, wPicÖengvb †_‡K †M‡Q| Zv IB Ava‡Kvkv bv‡gi R‡ji AvaviwU| ÔAvaÕ eySjvg, A‡a©K| Ô†KvkvÕ gv‡b Kx? Ô†KvkvÕ Avi Ô†KvlvÕ mgv_©K| Avmj A_© wn›`y‡`i cy‡Rvi Kv‡R e¨eüZ Zvgvi ˆZwi †bŠKvK…wZ RjcvÎwe‡kl| ÿz`ª †bŠKv‡KI †Kvkv e‡j| Kwe †Mvjvg †gv¯Ídv wj‡L‡Qb Ñ ÔkÖxcyi b`x‡Z †Kvlv fvmvBqv P‡j‡Qb Cmv Lvb|Õ fviZP›`ª wj‡L‡Qb Ñ Ô†Kvkv Pwo †eov‡e DRvb Avi fvwU|Õ ÔAva‡KvkvÕ w`‡q hZB ÿz`ª Rjvavi ev AwZÿz`ª †bŠKv †evSv‡bv †nvK bv †Kb, ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki †MvUv Rxeb Ry‡oB wQj Ava‡Kvkv b`xwU| gqjv Rvgvq †d‡ikZviv Dcb¨v‡mi Avw` fvMUv †hb wZ‡jvËgv Avi my›`-Dcmy›` Kvwnwbi AvaywbK iƒcvqY| †cŠivwYK wZ‡jvËgv GB Dcb¨v‡m P¤úv| Avi my›`-Dcmy›` gwbiwÏ, Rvgvj, kg‡mi Ges Avwg-†Z iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡q‡Q| wZ‡jvËgv Ñ my›`-Dcmy›`welqK NUbvwU msNwUZ n‡qwQj †Kv‡bv GK AiY¨g‡a¨| Avi P¤úv‡K wb‡q jovBUv msNU‡bi ¯’vb wn‡m‡e Ava‡Kvkv b`xcvo‡K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb| wZ‡jvËgvwelqK KvwnwbwU GiKg| ˆ`Z¨ivR wbKz¤|¢ Zvi `yRb cyÎ Ñ my›` Avi Dcmy›`| Kv‡j-Kv‡j `yRbB ejkvjx n‡q DVj| AgiZ¡ Awfjvlx n‡jv Zviv| fvej Ñ AgiZ¡ jvf Ki‡Z cvi‡jB myi-Amyi‡K µxZ`v‡m cwiYZ Kiv hv‡e, ¯^M-© gZ©¨-cvZvj‡K c`Z‡j Avbv hv‡e| AiY¨‡Niv wUjvgZb RvqMvq K‡Vvi Zcm¨v ïiæ K‡i `yB m‡nv`i| ei`vZv eªþv| eªþv wKš‘ my›`-Dcmy‡›`i evmbv-c~i‡Y m¤§Z bb| wKš‘ `yB m‡nv`i bv‡Qvo| †kl ch©šÍ eªþv GB ei w`‡Z m¤§Z n‡jb †h, ¯’vei-R½g †Kv‡bv cÖvYx G‡`i ea Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| hw` KL‡bv G‡`i g„Z¨z nq, Zvn‡j ci¯ú‡ii nv‡ZB g„Z¨z n‡e| fxlY DjøwmZ n‡jv `yB fvB| Giv ci¯úi‡K gvi‡e †Kb? `yB fvB‡qi D‡Ïk¨-AwfgZ-evmbv †h GK Ges Awfbœ| wKš‘ wZ‡jvËgvi Kvi‡Y Awfbœ-ü`‡qi `yB fvB GKw`b nvbvnvwb‡Z wjß n‡jv| eªþvi KvQ †_‡K ei cvIqvi ci my›`-Dcmy›` †`eZvcxo‡b iZ n‡jv| †`eZv-Fwl-hÿ GKÎ n‡q eªþv‡K ej‡jb Ñ iÿv K‡iv cÖf,z cÖZvcx cxoK my›`-Dcmy‡›`i Kej †_‡K iÿv K‡iv| eªþv ¯^‡M©i KvwiMi wek¦Kg©v‡K †W‡K cvVv‡jb| ej‡jb Ñ Ggb GKRb igYxi m„wó K‡iv, hv‡K †`L‡j gygl~ ©y cyiæl LvwUqv †Q‡o †mvRv n‡q `uvov‡e, hvi `k©‡b evnvËz‡i _ẏy o ey‡ov wb‡Ri g‡a¨ wZwik eQ‡ii hye‡Ki †hŠeb‡ZR Abyfe Ki‡e| wek¦Kg©v wÎRM‡Zi m‡e©vËg wRwbm †_‡K wZj-wZj iƒc I jveY¨ msMÖn Ki‡jb Ges wZj-wZj †mŠ›`‡h©i mw¤§j‡b wbg©vY Ki‡jb wZ‡jvËgv‡K| wZ‡jvËgv‡K †`‡L my›`-Dcmy›` wK, ¯^qs eªþvi gv_v Ny‡i †Mj| wb‡R‡K mshZ K‡i eªþv wZ‡jvËgv‡K Av‡`k w`‡jb Ñ my›`-Dcmy›`‡K cÖjä y K‡iv| eªþvi wb‡`©‡k wZ‡jvËgv my›`-Dcmy‡›`i mvg‡b wM‡q b„Z¨ Avi¤¢ Kij| `yB m‡nv`‡ii i³KwYKv †b‡P DVj| A‡Nvi Kv‡g `yRb RR©wiZ n‡Z _vKj| `Lwj¯^Z¡ `yR‡bi g‡a¨ cÖej n‡q DVj| G e‡j Ñ wZ‡jvËgv Avgvi, I e‡j Ñ DËgv Avgvi| K_v-KvUvKvwUi ci `yB fvB‡qi nv‡Z A¯¿ DVj Ges ci¯úi nvbvnvwb‡Z wjß n‡jv| Kv‡gi evov †Kv‡bv kw³ †bB, kÎæ †bB| gvby‡li cÖ_g cÖZvcx kÎæ †h Kvg| wZ‡jvËgvi iƒ‡c gy» KvgvÜ `yB m‡nv`i ci¯úi‡K nZ¨v Kij| Kvg‡eva åvZ…Zn¡ iYKvix| ZvB my›`-Dcmy‡›`i g„Z¨z Awbevh©


wPÎwkíx gvneyeiy ingv‡bi m‡½ n‡q DVj| kg‡mi, gwbiwÏiv hyeK Ges kw³gvb| AKv‡Ri KvwR| UvKvi †jv‡f A‡bK AKvR-KzKvR K‡i| P¤úvi ev‡ci KvQ †_‡KI UvKv wb‡q‡Q GB hyeKiv, P¤úvi ivRvKvi-gb¯‹ ¯^vgxi nvZ †_‡K P¤úv‡K D×vi K‡i P¤úvi ev‡ci evwo‡Z †cuŠ‡Q †`‡e e‡j| G e¨vcv‡i hyeKiv A‡bKUv mdjI nq| iv‡Zi Auvav‡i ¯^vgxi evwo †_‡K jyÉb K‡i Kuv‡a wb‡q Ava‡Kvkv b`xi cv‡o Dcw¯’Z nq kg‡mi-gwbiwÏiv| P¤úv Qvov †c‡q Ava‡Kvkv‡Z Suvc †`q Ges muvZ‡i b`xi Icv‡i I‡V| hyeKiv Zv‡K AbymiY K‡i muvZ‡i b`xi †ejvf‚wg‡Z †cuŠQvq| wf‡R Kvc‡oi P¤úvi kixi †`‡L, ¯Í‡bi cyiæó Mob †`‡L kg‡miiv Db¥vZvj n‡q I‡V| KZ©e¨ †fv‡j Zviv, Zv‡`i ga¨Kvi mym¤úK© bó n‡q hvq| mn‡hvMx cÖwZØ›Øx n‡q I‡V| kg‡mi `j‡bZv, †m mevi Av‡M P¤úvi kix‡i _vev emv‡Z Pvq, gwbiwÏ evav †`q| e‡j, ÔGKvq ZzB wbey? nvgiv wK ev‡bi cvwb‡Z fvwm AvwmwQ?Õ kg‡mi e‡j, ÔAv‡M guBy |Õ gwbiwÏ e‡j, Ôbv| Av‡M gyBu |Õ `yR‡b P¤úvi `yB nvZ †U‡b a‡i| GLv‡b Avgv‡`i †Pv‡Li mvg‡b †f‡m I‡V Ñ my›`-Dcmy›`, wZ‡jvËgv| ÔAv‡M guBy , bv, Av‡M gyBu |Õ Ñ G †hb my›`-Dcmy›`iB msjvc| GKRb igYx‡K `Lj Kivi hy×m~PbvKvix msjvc| wKš‘ gqjv Rvgvq †d‡ikZviv Dcb¨v‡mi cwiYwZ wZ‡jvËgv-Kvwnwbi gZb bq| ˆmq` nK Dcb¨v‡mi gvSvgvwS‡Z G‡m Kvwnwb‡Z GKUv †gvPo jvMvb| my›`-Dcmy‡›`i Kvwnwb‡Z wZ‡jvËgv wbw®Œq †_‡K‡Q| `yB fvB‡qi AvZ¥NvZx jovBwU †m `~‡i `uvwo‡q Dc‡fvM K‡i‡Q| nu¨v, Dc‡fvMB K‡i‡Q †m| KviY Zvi D‡Ïk¨ †Zv wQj `yB m‡nv`‡ii wbab| CwáZ wbabcÖwµqv †Zv Dc‡fvM¨B nq| wKš‘ ˆmq` n‡Ki Dcb¨vmwU‡Z P¤úv wbw®Œq _v‡Kwb ev kg‡migwbiwÏi ؛؇K Dc‡fvMI K‡iwb| eis hyw³ w`‡q G‡`i wiismv wehy³ Ki‡Z D‡`¨vMx n‡q‡Q| hyw³i Kv‡Q KvgcÖew„ Ë nvi †g‡b‡Q GB Dcb¨v‡m| †`Iqvb cuvP nvRvi UvKv w`‡q Rvgvj-gwbiwχ`i fvov K‡i wbR Kb¨v P¤úv‡K ivóªwe‡ivax ivRvKvi mg_©K RvgvB‡qi nvZ †_‡K D×vi Kivi Rb¨| fvov‡U ¸Ûviv P¤úv‡K jyÉb Ki‡Z mg_©I nq| MÛ‡MvjUv ev‡a hLb kg‡mi P¤úv‡K igY Ki‡Z D`¨Z nq| P¤úv †h Lye we‡ivwaZv K‡i‡Q, Dcb¨v‡m Zvi †Kv‡bv wPÎ †bB| Z‡e GUvI wVK †h, GB ig‡Y Zvi mg_©bI †bB| Rvgvj-bQiiv al©Kvgx‡`i wbe„Ë Ki‡Z m‡Pó nq| Dcb¨v‡mi cÖvq †k‡li w`‡K P¤úvi g‡a¨ ؇›Øi cÖPÐ GKUv AveZ© ˆZwi K‡ib ˆmq` nK| P¤úvi ga¨ w`‡q ¯^vgxnxb GKRb bvixi g‡bvwP‡Îi D™¢vmb NUvb Jcb¨vwmK| GKmgq P¤úv gyw³ cvq D×viKvix al©Kvgx‡`i nvZ †_‡K| ZLbB P¤úvi msKUUv ¯úó n‡q

I‡V| wK‡mi msKU? msKU P¤úv GLb †Kvb w`‡K hv‡e? †m ev‡ci evwoi c_ ai‡e, bv ¯^vgxi evwo wd‡i hv‡e? kg‡mi e‡j, Ô†hw`‡K Lywk gb Pvq, hvI| ¯^vgxi N‡i hvevi PvI, hvI| ev‡ci Kv‡Q hvevi PvI, iv¯Ív †Zv GB w`‡KB|Õ †`vUvbvq c‡o P¤úv| †Kvb c_wU Zvi Kv‡Q CwáZ? c_ †Lvjv _vK‡j Kx n‡e, hvIqv †Zv AZ mnR bq| wcZvi Uvb Avi ¯^vgxi Uvb Ñ †KvbUv‡K †e‡Q †b‡e P¤úv? GB mgq P¤úv Rxeb¯úkx© wKQy K_v e‡j, Ôbvixi Rb¥ †h eo AfvMxi Rbg nq fvB| ¯^vgxi AwaKvi Zv‡K gvwb wb‡Z nq| Lvivc g›` nB‡jI †m ¯^vgx, Zvi cv‡qi wb‡P †f‡¯Ív, Zv‡K bv Qvwoqv hvI †n! Zv‡K hw` Qv‡ov Z‡e mgvR †Zvgv‡K `ywl‡e| †Zvgv‡K bó KB‡e| †ek¨vi PvqvI Aag †Zvgv‡K g‡b Kwi‡e| Ab¨w`‡K †Lqvj Kwi `¨v‡Lv, b¨vq-Ab¨vq Av‡Q, `¨v‡ki fv‡jv-g›` Av‡Q, `¨v‡k †mB fv‡jv wK‡m Av‡Q, †mUv wK gyBu bvix ewjqvB †Lqvj bv Kwi‡ev? wb‡Ri ¯^vgx hw` gvby‡li `ykgb nq, ZviI ev‡` wK †mB ¯^vgxi Ni Kiv nvgvi KvR nq? Avi, Ni hw` bv K‡iuv Z‡e †Zv nvgv‡K †Zvgivq KB‡eb bvixRvwZi Kj¼ †i ZzB|Õ P¤úvi GB K_v ï‡b jyÉbKvix gv‡b D×viKvixiv wbiæËi n‡q hvq| GB Dcb¨v‡m bvix‡`‡ni mvwbœ‡a¨ Avmv hye‡Ki g‡bvweKj‡bi PvjwPÎ Av‡Q, al©Ygb¯‹Zv Av‡Q| Av‡Q Avevi we‡e‡Ki `skb| mewKQy‡K Qvwc‡q evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZvwe‡ivax‡`i nv‡Z kvmbÿgZv P‡j hvIqvi nvnvKvi Av‡Q| jvj m~‡h©i Acgv‡bi K_v †hgb Av‡Q, †Zgwb †mB m~‡h©i ivûgy³ nIqvi evmbvI e¨³ n‡q‡Q †Rviv‡jvfv‡e| †jLK wb‡RI GKUv PwiÎ n‡q D‡V‡Qb gqjv Rvgvq †d‡ikZviv Dcb¨v‡m| e½eÜzi nZ¨vi ci G‡`k P‡j †M‡Q AckvmK‡`i nv‡Z| ZLb †`k Li‰P‡Î cy‡o-cy‡o QviLvi| dmwj gvV AvR aya|y ZLb †jLK Pvb evOvwji cybR©vMiY, ïb‡Z Pvb Ñ N‡i-N‡i `yM© M‡o †Zvj Ñ Nyg-fvOvwbqv GB †køvKwU| GLb †`k ivRvKvi †Mvôxi nv‡Z n‡j Kx n‡e, Ggb GKw`b Avm‡e †hw`b †`k-jy‡Uiviv Rvnvbœv‡g hv‡e| G-K_v GB Dcb¨v‡m ïay Jcb¨vwm‡Ki n‡q _v‡Kwb, Avcvgi ¯^vaxbZvi ¯^v` MÖn‡Y”Qy gvby‡li AšÍi-B”Qv n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zuvi gqjv Rvgvq †d‡ikZviv Dcb¨vmwUi m~Pbv K‡i‡Qb b`xcv‡o, Dcb¨vmwU †klI K‡i‡Qb †mB Ava‡Kvkvi cv‡o| Ava‡Kvkvi cv‡o GK e„× Av‡m Icv‡i hv‡e e‡j| IcviUv †hb ¯^vaxbZvi jvj m~‡h©i †`k, GcviUv AivRKZvq fiv| e„×wU †hb G‡`‡ki mvaviY gvby‡li cÖZxK, †h-gvrm¨b¨vq‡K AwZµg K‡i ¯^‡`‡ki cweÎ gvwU‡Z †h‡Z AvMÖnx| G †hb GK b`xi Kvwnwb, G †hb GK R‡ji e„ËvšÍ| R‡j ïiæ Dcb¨vmwU, R‡ji wKbviv †Nu‡l Dcb¨vmwUi mgvwß| r

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GK Kwe e‡jwQ‡jb, Ôe¨vKiY Rvbv _vK‡j Avi k‡ãi fvÐvi e„nËi n‡jB mvwnZ¨ †jLv hvq bv|Õ1 Zuvi g‡Z, k㸇jv‡K cÖwZw`‡bi A_© †_‡K wegy³ Ki‡Z cvi‡j Z‡eB KweZvi Rb¥ nq, Zv mvwnZ¨ n‡q I‡V| †Pbv kã †Pbv MwЇZ _vK‡j †m Avgv‡`i w`b-cÖwZw`‡bi K‡_ vcK_b n‡Z cv‡i, wKš‘ Zv mvwnZ¨ nq bv| ZLbB Avbvwo KvwiMi Kjg Zz‡j e‡m fv‡e, bvn&, gb †Zv Abyev` n‡”Q bv, fve †Zv fvlvq G‡m wgj‡Q bv| Kwe ej‡Qb Ñ Ô†h‡nZz Avgiv Kwjs‡ej wUc‡Z cvwi, mvB‡Kj‡ej evRv‡Z cvwi ZvB Avgiv GKUz †Póv Ki‡jB ev B‡”Q n‡jB m½xZ iPbv Ki‡Z cvwi GiKg K_v `yt¯^‡cœI Kíbv Kwi bv|Õ2 wKsev, Ô`‡ivRvq is jvMv‡Z cvi‡jB wKš‘ wPÎKi nIqv hvq bv|Õ3 ZvB wZwb †`L‡Z cvb bvix‡cÖg †_‡K RvZ-†cÖ‡gi KweZvq wcÖqZg gyLwU Kxfv‡e †bc‡_¨ wM‡q `uvovq| Kxfv‡e †mB fv‡jvevmv †Pbv MwÐ †cwi‡q, w`MšÍ‡K †d‡j †KejB, †KejB cÖmvwiZ n‡q †h‡Z _v‡K| Kwe e‡jb, ÔAwfÁZv‡K mg‡qi cUf‚wg‡Z ¯’vcb Ki‡Z cvivUvB †jL‡Ki Avmj cÖwZfv|Õ4 fve I fvlvi GB †LjvUvB AvR Avgiv

Abyfe Ki‡Z †Póv Kie ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki Ôwb‡R‡K wVK †Zvgvi R‡b¨Õ bvgK KweZv‡K †K‡›`ª †i‡L| cÖm½µ‡g e‡j ivwL, GB KweiB wKQy e³e¨‡K c~‡e©i Aby‡”Q`¸wj‡Z Avgiv eÜbxi e܇b †i‡L c‡owQ| kvgmyj nKI Avm‡j cÖvPxb Abvw` †mB cÖkœ Ñ Kve¨ Avm‡j Kx? Gi DËi LuyR‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| GB KweZvq Kwe †`L‡Qb GKwU gb w¯’i n‡q e‡m Pvicv‡ki Kg©PvÂj¨‡K †`L‡Q| †`L‡Q jÿ¨‡K mvg‡b Szwj‡q me Luy‡ovB wZb NÈvi iv¯Ív GK NÈvq cvi n‡Z PvB‡Q| Zv‡`i †mB PvIqvi `ªæZZv, cvIqvi ZrciZv mf¨Zv‡K Av‡iv mymf¨ K‡i Zzj‡Q, wejvmx K‡i Zzj‡Q, ewngy©Lx Ki‡Q| †hvM¨Zvi cÖgvY w`‡Z w`‡Z Avgiv †hvM¨Zi †_‡K †hvM¨Zg n‡q DVwQ, wKš‘ wb‡Ri Kv‡Q? ey‡Ki Mfx‡i Rgv nIqv w`b cÖwZw`‡bi MíUvI wK GKB K_v e‡j? †KejB †hvM¨ nIqv? †KejB wR‡Z hvIqv? bvwK wRZ‡Z †P‡q †n‡i hvIqv, `ynvZ evwo‡q †c‡Z †P‡q mewKQy‡K nvwi‡q †djvi †jLwPÎI Av‡Q †mLv‡b? Kwe wjL‡Qb Ñ mK‡jB wKQy bv wKQy Ki‡Q Ñ ˆZix Ki‡Q evwo,

1995 mv‡j ev›`iev‡b gvigv MÖvg cywo‡q †`Iqvi cÖwZev‡` Av‡qvwRZ Ae¯’vb Kg©m~wP‡Z Ask †bb ˆmq` kvgmyj nK

117


†KD RvnvR, †KD Zievwi| †KejB Mo‡Q, mvRv‡”Q, mf¨Zv‡K m~² †_‡K m~²Zi K‡i P‡j‡Q| Avi Zvici? Ñ GLb Zviv hy× Ki‡Q, GKUv wKQy euvwP‡q ivL‡Z Zz‡j ai‡Q wb‡Ri nv‡Z evbv‡bv Zievwi| Zviv miMig K‡i Zzj‡Q G-c„w_ex‡K| exi‡fvM¨v emyÜiv‡K Zievwii †eó‡b, Rvnv‡Ri cÿxiv‡R Pwi‡q Zviv Zv‡`i mdjZvi Ni-emZ ˆZwi Ki‡Q| wVK †hgb Zv‡`i PvIqv, †hgb Zv‡`i Kíbv| wKš‘ emyÜiv ev †mB †cÖg ev †mB wcÖqZg NªvY Kx Pvq Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q, KL‡bv wK †f‡ewQ Avgiv? fveevi cÖ‡qvRb Abyfe K‡iwQ? cÖ¯‘Z K‡iwQ wb‡R‡K? nq‡Zv bv| Kwe ZvB †j‡Lb Ñ ...Avgvi wb‡R‡KB †Zv ˆZwi Kiv †kl n‡jv bv †h †Zvgvi w`‡K bZzb GKUv nvZ evwo‡q nvZ ai‡Z cvwi| ïay evwYR¨, ïay hy×, ïay ivRcÖvmv` Avi Hk¦‡h©i `¤¢ bq, †cÖ‡gi Rb¨ KL‡bv †cÖwg‡Ki `„wó‡K wK cÖ¯‘Z K‡iwQ Avgiv? fv‡jv‡e‡m †fv‡M bv wM‡q wbe©v‡Y wM‡qwQ wK KL‡bv? webv k‡Z© G-mvgªvR¨‡K †Q‡o †cÖ‡g KvOvj n‡Z wK †c‡iwQ Avgiv? BwZnvm e‡j cvwiwb, f‚‡Mv‡ji ivR‰bwZK gvbwPÎ e‡j Ñ bv, cvwiwb| Kwe e‡jb Ñ Avgvi `y‡Uv nvZ wQ‡jv Zv A‡bK Av‡MB KvUv †M‡Q, Avgvi `y‡Uv cv wQ‡jv †m A‡bK Av‡MB fz‡j †M‡Q nuvUv, Avgvi `y‡Uv †PvL wQ‡jv Zv A‡bK Av‡MB bMœ †iv` cywo‡q w`‡q †M‡Q †Pv‡Li Zviv K‡e †hb me iƒc ay‡q †M‡Q, d¨vKv‡m n‡q †M‡Q is, Rxeb nvwi‡q †M‡Q euvPvi KzÐjx †_‡K| Avgiv eyS‡Z cvwiwb, Rxeb KLb Avgv‡`i duvwK w`‡q, wb‡Ri †kK‡j Avgv‡`i wb‡R‡`i‡KB ew›` K‡i †i‡L †M‡Q| kxY© Ak‡Ìi Wv‡j †h-Puv` AvU‡K Av‡Q †m †Kv‡bv †cÖ‡gi gvayKixi dj bq, †m ïay Agvem¨vi Avmbœ wZw_‡KB †Kej †NvlYv K‡i| hÿcyix †Kv‡bvw`b dm‡ji Mvb Mvq bv| dwmj n‡q hvIqv cÖv‰MwZnvwmK‡K †KejB Luy‡o Zzwj, cÖvY‡K ai‡Z cvwi bv| Kwe Avevi e‡jb Ñ †Zvgvi g‡Zv †m Av‡Q hvi Zvi `iKvi wK evwo wKsev RvnvR, Zievwi? ZzwgB Zuvi evmv Ges `~‡i hvevi hvb ... ... ... Ges euvwP‡q ivLvi R‡b¨ `iKvi †Zv ZzwgB †m e¨w³MZ Zxÿè Zievwi| wKš‘ evB‡ii Hk¦h©‡K †d‡j, gb‡K `‡¤¢i AveiY †_‡K gy³ K‡i †`wL `ytmn GK KvOvj †iŠ`ª †mB K‡ivwU Ry‡o| `nb-K¬vwšÍk~b¨Zv †Kej †mLv‡b| †PbvB nqwb Zv‡K, Zvi gZb K‡i| G e¨_©Zv wK †cÖ‡gi? bvwK mg‡qi? bvwK AvZ¥vi? G civRq Kvi? mgq I Kvj‡ejvi wnsmªZvi? bvwK NbK…ò †mB AvZ¥vi Avei‡Yi? Rvbv †bB, ïay Rvwb msL¨vi wc‡V msL¨v ewm‡q cÖvPxb n‡qwQ Avgiv wKš‘ mÂq nqwb im`| Abvw` †_‡K Ab‡šÍi †mªv‡Z R‡ji Qvc KvUvi gZb GZUzKz †e`bv‡K Rgv‡Z cvwiwb, ivwLwb AkÖæi mÂq| ZvB †m KwVb f‚‡g Ak¦v‡ivnxi ÿziaŸwb Zz‡j‡Q, wKš‘ †Kv‡bv b~cyi ev‡Rwb| ZvB fv‡jvevm‡Z †P‡qI `yqvi Lyj‡Z cvwiwb Avgiv| ¯^cœ‡K cÖRvcwZi Dovb †kLv‡Z cvwiwb| Kwei K_vq ej‡Z †M‡j ej‡Z nq Ñ ...wb‡R‡KB †Zv ˆZwi Kiv †kl n‡jv bv †h nvZ evwo‡q ai‡Z cvwi, †h cv evwo‡q m‡½ †h‡Z cvwi, †h †Pv‡L Avevi ¯^cœ¸‡jv Rgv ivL‡Z cvwi,

118

†h †Zvgvi m‡½ GK Avm‡b e‡m Avevi †køvK iPbv Ki‡Z cvwi| bv nq A‡bK †`ix n‡qB †M‡Q Ñ Zey GL‡bv †Zv cvwi, Av‡Mi g‡ZvB cvwi, ... ... ... †hgb †jv‡K evbvq evwo, RvnvR, Zievwi Ñ Avwg Avgvi wb‡R‡K wVK †Zvgvi Rb¨ ˆZwi K‡i nvZ evov‡Z cvwi Ges m½ †`evi R‡b¨ Avevi cv evov‡Z cvwi| Gfv‡eB ï×Zvi DRvbhvÎvq wM‡q Avev‡iv i³-†K¬` Avi Møvwb‡K gyQ‡Z cvwi Avgiv, nq‡Zv, GL‡bv| Av”Qv G wK †Kv‡bv †cÖ‡gi AvL¨vb? †m-AvL¨vb wK bvixi? bv b`xi, mg‡qi m‡½ m‡½ hvi †XD cÖvÁ n‡q‡Q? Kvi Kv‡Q Kwe nuvUz gy‡o e‡mb? Kvi Rb¨ cÖ¯‘Z K‡ib wb‡R‡K? evievi cÖ‡kœi muv‡Kv a‡i mxgv Amx‡gi w`‡K P‡j hvq| e¨w³Rxeb e¨vß Rxe‡bi D‡Ï‡k hvÎv K‡i| g‡b c‡o hvq Kwei †ZBk eQi eq‡m †jLv GgbB Av‡iK †cÖ‡gi KweZv Ñ ÔGK`v GK iv‡R¨Õ‡Z Kwei nvnvKvi †R‡M D‡VwQj, †R‡M D‡VwQj Aek¨¤¢vex GK civRq GKwU cO&w³ A_ev GKwU cÖ‡kœ| Kwe †mB wcÖq Abyf‡ei Kv‡Q bZRvby n‡q Rvb‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb Ñ Avwg wK †`‡LwQ †Zvgv‡K †Zvgvi we`v‡q? cÖwZnZ Zxeª aŸwbi g‡Zv GKUv RMr wQj hv †M‡Q; †R‡M DV‡ev, Avevi, Gfv‡e, †Zvgv‡K we`vq w`‡Z GK`v GK iv‡R¨| Gfv‡eB mg‡qi MÖnY †j‡M Avgv‡`i †cÖg _g‡K †M‡Q, ü`q nvwi‡q †M‡Q †Kv‡bv †Pvivc‡_i euv‡K| ZvB †cÖg KLb †hb †dviv‡bvi AvL¨vb n‡q †M‡Q, GB KweZvi e¨vL¨vq Kwe wb‡RB hv e‡j‡Qb Zv ïb‡Z ïb‡Z eySe †Pbv Qwe, †Pbv kã Kxfv‡e KweZv n‡q hvq, wPišÍ‡bi RjQwe n‡q hvq, GLv‡bB mvwn‡Z¨i g¨vwRK, mªóvi mv_©KZv| kvgmyj nK ej‡Qb Ñ ÔKweZvwU †cÖg welqK n‡jI, bvix GLv‡b bvix ïay bq; Avgv‡`i hv wKQy m¤ú~Y© K‡i †Zv‡j, DbœZ K‡i †Zv‡j, AMÖmi Kwi‡q †`q, me I me wKQyB †m|... Avgiv GB f‚wg‡Z µgvMZ wcó n‡Z n‡Z GK weKU MnŸ‡i cwZZ n‡qwQ; Avgv‡`i mg¯Í †kÖ‡qv‡eva †f‡O hv‡”Q, †f‡m hv‡”Q, Avwg Amnvq †eva KiwQ, b‡ó Avwg wbwÿß nw”Q, AkÖæ Avgv‡K cøvweZ Ki‡Q, Avwg RvbwQ †h, Avwg †f‡O I †f‡m hv‡ev, wKš‘ bv, GwUB †kl K_v bq; Avwg i³exR cvwLi g‡Zv Avevi †R‡M DV‡ev f¯§ †_‡K, Avevi Rb¥ †b‡ev, Ges Avevi nviv‡ev, Avevi n‡ev, I Avevi cwiYZ n‡ev f‡¯§ Ñ PµvKv‡i Avwg wd‡i wd‡i Avm‡ev|Õ5 mwZ¨B †Zv, gvbyl civ¯Í n‡Z cv‡i, civwRZ bq, Avi GB AcivR‡qi AvKv•ÿvi bvgB †Zv †cÖg|

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cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq : Ae¨_© exRf‚wgi msÁv I wbwg©wZ

m

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e¨mvPx ˆmq` kvgmyj nK gviv †M‡jb| evsjv‡`‡ki mvwn‡Z¨ wZwb me¨mvPx †jLK wn‡m‡e cÖwZôv †c‡jI Zuvi Kve¨bvU¨ msMÖn Zuv‡K Ab¨gvÎvq cÖwZôv w`‡qwQj Ñ mdj Avw½K wbixÿv Ges e¨w³-ev¯ÍeZvi Bw½Z‡K AvaywbK mgybwœ Z‡Z cÖKv‡ki ¸‡Y| Kve¨bvU¨ AvaywbK mvwnZ¨-Avw½‡Ki ch©vqfz³; we‡klZ evsjv‡`‡ki mvwn‡Z¨i cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z cÖwZwµqvkxj cuwy Rev`x mgvRev¯ÍeZvq e¨w³i webvk I ÿq wbiƒwcZ KiY‡KŠkj G‡Z cÖ‡hvR¨| †h RwUj hyMev¯ÍeZv e¨w³gvbyl‡K ˆZwi K‡i, †mLv‡b Zvi PvIqv bv-PvIqv, cvIqv bv-cvIqv, ¯^c-œ `yt¯^c,œ Avkv-Avkvf½, ˆbivk¨-K¬vwšÍ-nZvkv, g~j¨‡evanxbZv, eZ©gvb-fwel¨‡Zi mgm¨v I m¤¢vebv BZ¨vw` A‡bKv‡bK welq cÖwZkÖæwZ I cÖfvebvi †iLvwP‡Îi wewbg©vY _v‡K| Avi Zv‡ZB Awbevh© G †PŠ¤^K-AvKl©Yxq Avw½‡Ki| G‡ÿ‡Î wkíxi wbe©vP‡b, mvwn‡Z¨i cÖvPxb Avw½K KweZvi †hgb †Kv‡bv weKí †bB, †Zgwb Acic‡ÿ KweZvi eûe¨vß 119


gvwÎKZvq bvUK ev Zvi bvUKxqZv‡K m¤ú~iK-†ev‡a Dc¯’vc‡bi cÖqvm AwfgyL n‡Z cv‡i| c„w_exi mg¯Í mvwn‡Z¨ G-cÖeYZv `ywb©ixÿ¨ bq| ÔPoetry is essentially dramatic and the greatest poetry always moves toward drama, drama is essentially poetic and the greatest drama moves towards poetry.Õ gvbeRxe‡bi Awbevh© m~·K iƒcvq‡Yi cÖ‡Póv

Kv‡j Kv‡j bvbv cÖqv‡m msNwUZ n‡q‡Q; Avi mgvR weeZ©‡bi cUf‚wg‡Z BwZevPK Bw½Z¸‡jv m„wówbixÿvq Zvrch©gq Aven iPbv K‡i‡Q| Kve¨bvU¨ AvaywbK mg‡qi m„wó, GKwU AvaywbK dg©; BD‡ivcxq mvwn‡Z¨ wU. Gm. GwjqU (1888-1965) Gi cÖe³v| G cÖm‡½ gvW©vi Bb `¨ K¨vw_Wªvj (1935) †jLvi `yeQi c~‡e© 1932-33 mv‡j nvf©vW© wek¦we`¨vj‡qi GK e³…Zvq GwjqU e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔThe ideal medium for poetry, to my mind,

and the most direct means of social usefulness for poetry, is the theatre ... For the simplest auditors there is the plot, for the more literary the words and phrasing, for the more musically sensitive the rhythm, and for auditors of greater sensitiveness and understanding a meaning which reveals itself gradually...’ Gwjq‡Ui

G-cÖm½ a‡i mgv‡jvPKiv Kve¨bvU¨ cÖm½wU we¯ÍZ … Ki‡Z wM‡q e‡j‡Qb : ÔPoetic drama brings into being in a concrete

form a particular way of looking at the world. It is not the illustration of a philosophy, but it will leave its audience with the feeling that they have been in the presence of an ordered world in which certain eternal laws obtain, in which people display certain characteristics and are worked on by certain emotions.Õ

e¯‘Z Kve¨bvU¨ we¯ÍZ … e¨Äbvq cÖLi I Awbevh© mgm¨v‡K Av‡e‡Mi g‡a¨ MÖš‡’ bi wbijm cÖqvm| Z‡e G-†Póv ïay jÿ¨vwfmvix wkíwmw×i ZrciZv bq, GLv‡b e¨w³ gvby‡li HwZn¨, Aa¨vZ¥ wPšÍv, c~ev© ci BwZnvm wKsev cÖvmw½K AZxZ-eZ©gv‡bi †hvMm~Î, ivóª †_‡K ïiæ K‡i msmvi-cwievi m¤úK©‡hvM¨ BZ¨vw` we¯ÍvwiZ Abyl½‡K ˆPZ‡b¨i †fZ‡i cÖweó K‡i| Ges Zv Dc¯’vcb-cÖqv‡m _v‡K e¨w³i AšÍRM© ‡Zi m‡½ ewnR©M‡Zi RwUj mgq AveZ©b wPšÍv| G‡ÿ‡Î †jL‡Ki †KŠk‡ji (technique) ev¯ÍevqbB cvV‡Ki Ab¨Zg Aby‡cÖiYv| Kve¨bvU¨ bvUK I KweZvi mgvšÍivj cÖqvm| Kve¨ I bvUK †Kv‡bvUviB AwaK cÖvavb¨ _vK‡e bv; `y‡Uvi MÖš‡’ b GKwU bZzb Aefvm dz‡U DV‡e Ges Zv mywbw`©ó e¨w³i †fZ‡ii RM‡Zi msKU| e„nËi ev mvgwóK welq wb‡q Kvwnwb MÖwš’Z n‡jI g~jZ Zvi msKU Af¨šÍ‡ii| RwUj g‡bvc„‡ô Kve¨bvU¨-m„ó ؇›Ø NUbvµg ˆZwi K‡i| Avi AvKw¯§KZvq bvU¨wµqvi Aven iwPZ nq| Kve¨¸Y Aej¤^b K‡i Kve¨bvU‡Ki cÖvi¤¢, cÖevn, DrKl©, AvšÍtwµqv I cwiYwZi ce© wbiƒwcZ n‡jI action-Gi wkí wn‡m‡e GLv‡b bvU¨cÖqv‡mi DMÖ DÌvcb †Pv‡L c‡o bv| KviY, e¨w³i AšÍØ›© Ø, e¨w³i gbtKó I msKU Ñ Zvi Auvavi I Av‡jvi RMr, AvšÍt I ewntwµqvi Ø›Ø, cÖwZev` I cÖwZ‡ivax iƒc Ñ Gme welq wbišÍi e¨w³i ga¨ w`‡q cÖevwnZ n‡Z _v‡K| ˆPZ‡b¨i mwµqZv e¨w³i RwUj gb¯ÍË,¡ Zvi Avkv-AvKv•ÿv, ¯^c-œ ev¯ÍeZv, g~j¨‡eva-g~j¨vqb ci‡Z ci‡Z AwZkq Ø›Øhy³ GK Aven wbiƒcY K‡i| †mR‡b¨ Kve¨bv‡U¨ bvU¨Ø›Ø kvšÍ, cwigvwR©Z Ges w¯’i; wKš‘ Zvi †fZ‡ii RMr AZ¨šÍ MwZkxj, Mfxi ˆbe©¨w³KZvq Zvi Ø›Ø †MvUv Aven‡K Av”Qbœ K‡i †d‡j| Kve¨bvU¨ †mR‡b¨B ¯^Zš¿ fvlvq D”PvwiZ| †h AvaywbK hyM Ges cÖwZwµqvkxj ev¯ÍeZvq Kve¨bv‡U¨i dg© iwPZ †mUv GLbKvi mgq-mgxKi‡Y h_v_©, m‡›`n †bB|

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T. S. Eliot, Selected Essays, (reprint, London, Faber and Faber, 1963). D. E. S. Maxwell, The Poetry of T. S. Eliot, (London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1960). Mark Schorer, William J. Handy & Max Westbrook (Etd.), Twentieth century criticism, (New Delhi, Light & Life Publishers, 1974). r

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SzuwK-AwbðqZv-†ivgvw›UKZv-m„RbcÖevn-g„Zz¨-`ytL-†`kfvM`v½v-fvlvhy×-gyw³hy×-i³-AkÖæ¯^cœ-¯^cœ‡”Q`-ˆbtm½¨jMœZv BZ¨vKvi Rxe‡biB bvbv we‡ivax DcPv‡i cÖvYgq| Rxeb hvcb Avi wkí hvcb‡K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Avjv`v †Kv‡bv Zv‡i euv‡abwb Ñ G mv¶¨ cvB hLb †jLK Zuvi wkíx-AbyR ˆmq` iBmyj n‡Ki `ye‡„© Ëi nv‡Z cÖvY w`‡q K¨vbfv‡mi Kv‡Q wd‡i bv Avmvi m‡½ eÜzwcÖq dR‡j †jvnvbxi Ômvwn‡Z¨ Avi bv-†divÕ‡K GKB †kvKZzj¨ K‡ib| wkí‡K bxi³ g~j¨nxb K‡i †Zv Rxeb‡KB iæVv-¶qMÖ¯Í K‡i ZzjwQ Avgiv| Pig wkíwi³Kv‡j e‡m †jLv wZb cqmvi †R¨vQbv ZvB ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki AvZ¥K_v-mvwnZ¨K_v Qvwc‡q n‡q I‡V GK AfvweZ wkím›`f©| Gi Av‡jv Avi Qvqvq wkím‡¤¢v‡Mi Avav‡iB †hb Avwe®‹vi Kwi RxebmeyR‡K| GB eB co‡Z-co‡Z Dcjwä n‡e, Rxeb †Zv Avi wKQy bq, wZb cqmvi gnvN©¨ †RvQbv gvÎ| †Kb? DËi w`‡”Qb †jLK wb‡RB Ôm„R‡bi eo GKUv w`K n‡”Q gvZ…M‡f©i AÜKv‡ii g‡Zv| RjgMœ cxZ AÜKv‡i 僇Yi †e‡o IVv, Rbbx Vvn‡i cvb meB, wKš‘ e¨vL¨v w`‡Z cv‡ib bv|Õ RmxgD`&`xb †_‡K wmK`vi Avwgbyj nK, Kvgiæj nvmvb †_‡K KvBqyg †PŠayix, †gvnv¤§` bvwmiDwÏb †_‡K MvRx kvnveywÏb ch©šÍ Kwe-†jLK-wkíxi my`xN© ci¤úivi cibK_vq fiv gg©Qwegq Av‡jvP¨ eB wZb cqmvi †R¨vQbv| Gfv‡e ˆmq` kvgmyj nK mvwn‡Z¨i Mí ej‡Z-ej‡Z ü`q †_‡K ivóª ch©šÍ we¯ÍZ … cwim‡ii †iLv †i‡L †M‡jb| gnvmgq G‡m AZtci wbwðZfv‡e Abyev` K‡i †b‡e GB weij MÖ‡š’i fvemvi; cÖRb¥všÍ‡ii cvVK D×vi Ki‡e Gi AšÍMZ © Rxebwkí Avi wkíRxe‡bi hyMjew›`-†eva| GK Rxe‡bi M‡í eû Rxe‡bi Mígq GB eB co‡Z-co‡Z ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡KiB KweZvi fvlvq e¨w³cvVK Avgiv; AZtci e‡j DVe ÔAvgv‡`i GK bq, A‡bK Rxeb|Õ

cuvP

cÖ_g Av‡jv C`msL¨v-2015-†Z cÖKvwkZ nq Ô†n e„× mgqÕ bv‡g ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki AvZ¥K_vi †kl ce©, hv Zuvi Nv‡mi wb‡P P‡j hvIqvq AmgvßB i‡q †Mj ejv hvq| Z‡e G wb‡q e¨vL¨vI wZwb w`‡q †M‡Qb hvi ga¨ w`‡q Abyf‡e Av‡m Rxeb I wk‡íi †Kv‡bv AvbyôvwbK c~iY‡iLv m¤¢e bq KL‡bv Ñ Avgvi Av‡MI c„w_ex wQj, c‡iI _vK‡e| Avgvi Av‡MI gvbyl wQj, c‡iI Avm‡e| Zviv Avm‡e, Zviv Zv‡`i cv‡qi Qvc †d‡j hv‡e| cv Zz‡j †bevi c‡iI me cv‡qi Qvc ay‡jvq c‡o _v‡K bv, KviI KviI _v‡K| Avwg Rvwb, hLb Avwg Avgvi cv `yLvwb Zz‡j †be, Zz‡j †bevi Av‡MB Zvi QvcwU gy‡Q hv‡e, KviY Avwg Amvgvb¨, AmvaviY †KD bB| GwU Avgvi †cvkvwK webq bq †h mvaviYB wQj Avgvi w`b I msmvi| mvaviY, Kx mvaviY Avwg, GB AbyfewUi †fZ‡iB Avgvi G-AmvaviY we¯§q †h AvwgI wQjvg| ÔcÖwZwU wkïi †fZ‡i _v‡K whïi m¤¢vebv, gvbyl Avm‡j gqjv Rvgvi †d‡ikZv, †R¨vwZ©gq †`‡n msmv‡ii ay‡jv †j‡M b~i wd‡K n‡q Av‡mÕ; †jL‡Ki eo evev ˆmq` nvq`vi Avjxi GgZ ePb‡K wZwb gvb¨ K‡i‡Qb Rxe‡bi ïiæ †_‡KB †hb| ZvB cÂv‡ki gš^š‡Í ii gvbweK wech©q Zuvi †fZ‡i cvccyY¨, b¨vq-Ab¨v‡qi cÖ_vgvb¨ aviYvmKj ¸uwo‡q †`q| `ywf©ÿ, M‡gi Mig iæwU, j½iLvbvi †fv‡R fvc Iov‡bv njy` XjX‡j wLPzwo, cvk¦e© Zx© `v‡ivMvi cwievi, emšÍweÿZ igYx, Pvi eQi eq‡m ïiæ n‡Z †`Lv wØZxq gnvhy×, AvRv` wn›` †dŠR, i‡³i wfZi Av¸b awi‡q hvIqv myfvl emy, cvU †Kv¤úvwbi mv‡n‡ei KvQ †_‡K cvIqv ievU© jyB w÷‡fbm‡bi Av PvBìm Mv‡W©b Ae fvm©, †`e

128

mvwnZ¨ KzwU‡ii †Mv‡q›`v MíeB, jvj gjv‡Ui Kv‡jv evB‡ej, Kvq‡Kvev‡`i Awgqaviv, bwRei ingv‡bi Av‡bvqviv wKsev wcZvi †nvwgI †g‡Uwiqv †gwWKv eB‡qi AvL¨vc‡Î †jLv evjK kvgmyj n‡Ki n¨vwbg¨vb-cÖkw¯Ígj ~ K c‡`¨i wewPÎ PvjwP‡Î fv¯^i GB ¯§„wZ‡jL| DËiKv‡j Zuvi A‡bK ¯§iYxq m„wói m~Îmv‡iiI mÜvb †g‡j GLv‡b| †hgb Ñ eoevev wØZxq gnvhy‡×i †cÖvcvMvÛv Awdmvi| Zvov Zvov n¨vÛwej †cv÷vi wb‡q wcqb Avm‡Q-hv‡”Q| G hy× Rbhy×| Rvcvwbiv G‡j fviZevmx‡K w`‡q Miæi e`‡j gvbyl w`‡q Zviv jv½j Uvbv‡e| †cv÷v‡ii QwewU‡Z AuvKvevOvwj Pvwl ej‡`i e`‡j ej` n‡q jvOj Uvb‡Q Avi Zvi wc‡Vi Ici PveyK DuwP‡q Av‡Q `uvZgyL wLu‡Pv‡bv GK Rvcvwb ˆmb¨| QweUv g‡bi g‡a¨ †_‡K hv‡e evj‡Ki| A‡bK c‡i hLb †m byij`x‡bi mvivRxeb bvUKwU wjL‡e, ZLb GB QweUv Zvi †mB bvU‡Ki †K›`ªxq wPÎKí n‡q wd‡i Avm‡e| Bw`ªm PvPv GB ¯§„wZK_vi GK D‡jøL‡hvM¨ PwiÎ| †jL‡Ki evevi GKgvÎ †QvU fvB ˆmq` Bw`ªm ûmvB‡bi m~‡Î KzwoMÖv‡gi Kv‡Qi †÷kb, `~‡ii wngvjq cvnvo, fzUvwb gvby‡li nvZQvwbi cvkvcvwk cvccyY¨ I RMrRxe‡bi A‡bK M~p welq m¤ú‡K© Zuvi aviYv jv‡fi K_v e‡j‡Qb GLv‡b, nq‡Zv †mB Kvi‡YB g„Z¨z i wKQy Av‡M ˆmq` kvgmyj nK Zvi ¯¿x Av‡bvqviv ˆmq` nK‡K e‡jb, Bw`ªmcvcx bv‡g GKwU bvUK †jLvi cwiKíbv Av‡Q Zuvi| cÖwZ kxZKv‡j cÖ‡dmi †ev‡mi m`je‡j KzwoMÖv‡g G‡m g¨vwRK †`Lv‡bvi †h-¯§„wZ wZwb †ivgš’b K‡ib, Zv‡Z cieZx©Kv‡j Ôi³‡MvjvcÕ M‡íi g¨vwRwkqvb Pwi‡Îi wKQyUv Qvc †hb cvIqv hvq| ÔkvwšÍi NiÕ wKsev Ôwewc‡bi gvÕ †Kv‡bv wbwl× A‡ji Bw½Z‡iLv A¼‡bi e`‡j Rxe‡bi GK KiæY Aa¨v‡qi AwfÁZvq evjK kvgmyj nK‡K cÖ_vMZ cvccyY¨, b¨vq-Ab¨v‡qi aviYv †gvKvwejvi kw³ †`q (fvM¨weow¤^Z †h-bvixiv †jL‡Ki PvPv Bw`ª‡mi fvlvq wQj Ôfv‡Zi `vmxÕ)| `ywf©ÿ I `vwi`ª¨ Ggwb A‡bK aviYvq cyó K‡i fwel¨‡Zi ÿzave„ËvšÍ Dcb¨v‡mi †jLK ˆmq` kvgmyj nK‡K, whwb evsjvi ÿzavZ© DËivs‡ki bi-bvixi AKw_Z eywj‡K R‡jk¦ixi iƒc‡K fvlv w`‡q‡Qb| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK wgkÖ ms¯‹w… Zi aviK I evnK| ZvB Ñ whï †gvnv¤§` ey× KvD‡K Avwg †d‡j w`‡Z cvwi bv| mevB Avgvi Kv‡Q GK gvbyl n‡q I‡Vb| A¯ÍMvgx m~‡h©i welYœ AvKvk †f` K‡i ev‡iev‡iB Avgvi gxi bvbvi gyLLvbv †nv‡m‡bi i³gvLv mܨvi †g‡Ni †fZi †_‡K †R‡M I‡V| Zvi ¯^i Kv‡b c‡k Kx †Kvgj! Avwg g‡b g‡b ewj, GKw`b Avwg KzwoMÖvg †_‡K †hLv‡bB hvB, hveB †Zv ! Ñ †mB †`‡k gvV wbðq cve GB evsjvi g‡Zv, †mLv‡b Agb GKUv gvwUi †ew` gxi bvbvi g‡Zv AvwgI M‡o †be| bxj AvKvk, meyR gvV, cÙvi g‡Zv cÖgË b`xi Rj kã, gvwUi †ew`, †ew` wN‡i evLvwii †eovi gv_vq jvj bxj KvM‡Ri cZvKv-gvjv, m~h© D‡V‡Q, ivOv Zvi Av‡jv, bMœ cv‡q Ki‡Rv‡o Avgvi GB Rxeb wN‡i mvZ cÖ`wÿY Avwg KiwQ| Avwg K‡iB hv‡ev|

Qq

ˆmq` kvgmyj nK P‡j †M‡jb Nv‡mi wb‡P| Avgiv hviv GL‡bv Nv‡mi Ic‡i, Zv‡`i Rb¨ iBj gnvmg‡qi K_KZvq fv¯^i Zuvi wKQy gnvN©¨ ¯§„wZcy¯K Í ; †hm‡ei kã I fvebvivwk Avgv‡`i Rb¨ K‡i hv‡e AbvMZ me ¯ÍäZvi wek¦¯Í Abyev`| cvVK, Avcbv‡K ¯^vMZ| r


AjsKiY : me¨mvPx nvRiv

ee wWjv‡bi KweZv

Abyev` : ˆmq` kvgmyj nK cw_‡Ki `yt¯^cœ A_ev g‡bvqvivi ¯^cœ A_ev wd‡`j Kv‡¯¿v‡K Awfev`b KZKvj †_‡K KZw`b †_‡K P‡jB P‡jwQ Avwg| GLb A‡bK ivZ n‡q †M‡Q GLv‡b GKUz _vwg| IB `¨vLv hvq Rvbvjvq Av‡jv, nVvr Lvgvievwo| KZKvj Nyg nqwb Avgvi Ñ `‡ivRvq Kov bvwo| `‡ivRvUv Ly‡j †ewi‡q †h Av‡m nv‡Z Zvi ivg`vÕ! gvigy‡Lv Zvi fw½wU Avi Avgvi AvgZv AvgZv| ivg`vÕ †VwK‡q Avgvi ey‡K †m

e‡j fqvbK ¯^‡i, ÔevQvab, Avwg †Kv_vI †Zvgv‡K †`‡LwQ †h g‡b c‡o| Zzwg ivRbxwZ Ki g‡b nq, evg w`‡K †hb †SuvK|Õ †XuvK wM‡j Avwg ewj ZvovZvwo, Ôfzj Ki‡Qb †jvK! Avwg †Zv cw_K, Avgvi GQvov cwiPq wKQz †bB| ïay G iv‡Zi AvkÖq PvB Ñ AvMgb †nZz GB|Õ `y‡PvL bvwP‡q DuwK †`q †g‡q, g‡bvqviv Zvi bvg| 129129


†hb wm‡bgvi c`©vq Avwg P¤úv‡K †`Ljvg| Zvi w`‡K †PvL †i‡L Avwg Zvi evev‡K †ZvqvR Kwi Ñ ÔGZ my›`i Avcbvi evwo! g‡i hvB! gwi, gwi!Õ evev e‡j, Ô_v‡gv, Zzwg †Zv cw_K! evwoi Zzwg Kx Rvb!Õ ejjvg, ÔAvwg KweZvB wjwL, my‡i emv‡j Zv MvbI| Avgvi b‡Li wb‡P †h gqjv Kmg w`w”Q Zvi Ñ Õ †`Ljvg †hb gbwU b‡ivg n‡q Gj GBevi| Ôg‡b nq Zzwg K¬všÍ fxlY Ñ wVK Av‡Q G‡mv N‡i|Õ wKš‘ G K_v ej‡ZB nq a~Z©vwg wQj ¯^‡i|

ÔweQvbvwU cv‡e Ny‡gvevi, Z‡e GB k‡Z©B ïay Ñ weQvbvB cv‡e, †P‡q em‡e bv Zvgv‡Ki mv‡_ `y`y|Õ BkvivwU Lye AveQv †Zv bq Ñ m‡i hvq g‡bvqviv| ÔmKv‡j DV‡e, MvBwU †`vqv‡e Ñ weQvbvi GB fvov|Õ ï‡q co‡Z bv co‡ZB Nyg †f‡O Gj `yB †Pv‡L| Avwg KZKvj Ny‡gv‡Z cvwiwb wbnZ w`‡bi †kv‡K| nVvr Kx n‡jv? N‡i †KD Gj? †P‡q †`wL g‡bvqviv| Agvem¨vi iRbx‡Z †hb L‡mcov GK Zviv| Ôcw_K, Zzwg wK †Mvmj Ki‡e? mviv Mv‡q Kx †h ay‡jv!Õ †n‡m ejjvg, Ôay‡jv ejQ Kx! eÜz †h IB¸‡jv|Õ Ôay‡jv eywS nq eÜz KL‡bv?Õ g‡bvqviv †n‡m I‡V| Avwg †Zv Puv‡`i D`q †`‡LwQ KZevi KZ †Vuv‡U| G Rxeb Rvwb Agvem¨vi GKUvbv GK ivZ| †Kv‡bvw`b hw` w`b Av‡m Z‡e n‡Z cv‡i mvÿvr| †e`bvi g‡Zv jvj `vbv¸‡jv †d‡U †d‡U c‡o hvq| wbtk¦vm †d‡j cvk wd‡i Avwg Wz‡e hvB weQvbvq| †fvi n‡q hvq| g‡b c‡o hvq MvB `yB‡Z †h n‡e! evev e‡j, ÔAv‡i, A™¢zZ G †Zv! K_v †K †i‡L‡Q K‡e!Õ

130 130


wbðq GwU e× cvMj! fv‡M¨ L¨v‡cwb iv‡Z! ejjvg Avwg, ÔGL‡bv A‡bK Lei i‡q‡Q nv‡Z|Õ ÔKx iKg ïwb?Õ cÖkœ evevi Ñ gyLLvbv nvwm nvwm| Ô†hgb aiæb Ñ wd‡`j Kv‡¯¿v Zv‡K eo fv‡jvevwm|Õ e‡jB Avwg †Zv we`y¨r‡e‡M m‡i hvB, †`wL evev Kv‡¯¿vi bvg n‡Z bv n‡ZB Zzj‡Q wekvj _vev| _vev gv‡b _vev! ev‡Ni †m _vev! m‡i †MwQ GK cv‡k| †b‡g Av‡m _vev, fv‡O Avjgvwi, g‡bvqviv Lye nv‡m| Ônvivwgi nvo! cw_K †m‡RQ! Kgywb÷ Zzwg kvjv| ˆcZ…K cÖvY †Lvqv‡Z bv n‡j e¨vUv Gÿzwb cvjv|Õ cvjv gv‡b cvjv! †Pv‡Li cj‡K nvRvi wgUvi cvi| †`ŠoevwR‡Z Avgvi †P‡q †K evnv`yi †L‡jvqvo! eû`~i †_‡K fvOPzi ïwb Ñ fv‡O Rvbvjvi KvP| gogo K‡i †f‡O c‡o hvq Lvgvievwoi MvQ| g‡bvqviv Wv‡K wPrKvi K‡i Ñ Ôwd‡i G‡mv, Db¥v`|Õ Agvem¨vi `xN© iRbx| wdi‡e †h K‡e Puv`? Avwg wdie bv GBUzKz Rvwb gvove bv IB cvov| Mv‡g©›U‡mi PvKwi‡Z Av‡Q AvRKvj g‡bvqviv|

GL‡bv evevi _vevwU k³, ivg`v‡q eo avi| ao †_‡K gv_v Avjv`v Ki‡e †`Lv †c‡j GKevi| †jv‡K e‡j Zv‡K Ñ ÔivM n‡e †m †Zv Avgv‡`iI ivM nq| `vwo _vK‡jI wd‡`j Kv‡¯¿v gymjgvb †Zv bq! Z‡e IB Kwe, IB †h cw_K Ñ Iiv Av‡iv fqvbK| nv‡Z †h Kjg †`LQ I‡`i Ñ Avm‡j ev‡Ni bL|Õ GL‡bv †m Av‡Q fqvbK †i‡M Lvgvievwo‡Z GKv Ñ c„w_ex‡Z KZ Lvgvievwo‡Z cv‡e Zzwg Zvi `¨vL¨v| †Zvgv‡K Zvwo‡q c‡_ †h bvgvq †KvwU †KvwU nq Zviv| †Zvgvi R‡b¨ GKwUB evwo Ñ GKwUB g‡bvqviv| †Zvgvi R‡b¨ GKwUB PvIqv Ñ KweZv GKwU GB : K_v ejevi ¯^vaxbZv, Zvi †Kv‡bv weKí †bB \ 131 131


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Kali O Kalam November 2016 issue