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laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.-10, ,drk xyh&01 tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob.: 9266990078, 9717580686 E-mail:bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog :bedharaknews.blogspot.com

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Ph.: 9266990078, 9717580686 E-mail : bedharaknews@gmail.com -izdkf'kr ys[kksa ds ys[kdksa dh jk; ls eq[; laiknd dk lger gksuk vko';d ugha gSA -lacafèkr okn&fookn dk fuiVkjk fnYyh U;kf;d {ks=k esa gksxkA -if=kdk ls lacafèkr lHkh in vLFkk;h o voSrfud gSaA


cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

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cs/M+d U;wt [kcjksa dk lewpk HkaMkj cs/M+d@csckd fVIif.k;ksa o ys[k vkids lq>ko ds bartkj eas laiknd ^cs/M+d U;wt+*

laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.10, ,drk xyh ua0&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob. : 9266990078 , 9717580686

E-mail: bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog : bedharaknews.blogspot.com

[kkl fpV~Bh esa ugha jg x;s gSAa ;g nfyr vkUnksyu ds fy, vo'; gh fparktud fLFkfr gSd] ysfdu eSa vkids le{k ;gk¡ ;g ç'u j•uk pkgrk gw¡ fd nfyr vkUnksyu vkSj nfyr&leL;k dks ysdj dkaxzsl ds Hkhrj Hkh dksbZ xEHkhj fpark ugha ns•h tkrh gSA lkekftd vkSj yksdrkfU=kd vkUnksyuksa ls og Hkh mruh gh nwj gS] ftruk fd cgqtu lekt ikVhZ nwj gSA dkaxzsl us dgk¡ yk•ksa nfyr usrk iSnk fd;s\ mlus dgk¡ jsfMdy nfyr usrR` o mHkkjk\ vxj dkaxzsl us tehu ls tqM+s lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa ds lkFk tqM+dj nfyr vkUnksyu dks vkxs c<+kus esa :fp yh gksrh] rks ek;korh dks tehu dgk¡ fey ikrh\ rc D;k dkaxzsl mÙkjçns'k esa lÙkk ls m•M+rh\ ekU;oj] usr`Ro nks çdkj dk gksrk gSA ,d jsfMdy vkSj nwljk LorU=k] tks O;fÙkQoknh vkSj voljoknh gks ldrk gSA bl nwljs usr`Ro ls cgqr T;knk vis{kk ugha dh tk ldrhA ysfdu dkaxzsl us blh nwljs nfyr usr`Ro ls laca/ T;knk cuk;sA vius LokFkZ ds fy, dkaxzsl esa ;g usr`Ro LokfeHkfÙkQ ds lkFk ges'kk ^;l eSu* dh Hkwfedk esa jgk vkSj nfyr lokyksa ds çfr viuh vk¡•sa ewans jgkA blus vR;kpkj] neu vkSj 'kks"k.k ds eqíksa ij u dkaxzsl ds Hkhrj vkokt mBk;h vkSj u ckgjfdUrq] jsfMdy usr`Ro lekt esa ifjorZu ds fy, dke djrk gSA mldh tehu lkekftd vkUnksyuksa dh tehu gksrh gSA og vR;kpkj] neu vkSj 'kks"k.k ds f•ykiQ vkokt mBkrk gS vkSj tui{k/jrk dh jktuhfr djrk gSA ekU;oj] eq>s dgus nhft;s fd ,sls jsfMdy nfyr usr`Ro dks dkaxzsl us dHkh egRo ugha fn;kA iwt a hoknh jktuSfrd lÙkk,a ,slh jsfMdy 'kfÙkQ;ksa ls Hk;Hkhr jgrh gSa] vkSj dkaxzsl HkhA vkacsMdjoknh vkUnksyuksa ds ,sls cgqr ls jsfMdy nfyr usrkvksa dks dkaxzsl us vius Hkhrj 'kkfey fd;kA ysfdu viQlksl ! mlus mudk fodkl ugha fd;k] u muds usr`Ro dk ykHk mlus mBk;k] oju ml usr`Ro dks •Re djus dh j.kuhfr dks vatke fn;kA chih ekS;Z

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laikndh;

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cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

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mudk fiNyk fjdkMZ Hkh ns•as fd vkt rd fdrus nfyr lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa dks •qn dh laLFkk cukus vkSj mudks iQafMax fnykus esa fdruk enn fd;k-tks ;s ckè;rk,a iwjk u djrk gksa ,sls Hkz"V]mPp tkfr ]lkearh vkSj czkã.kokfn;ksa dh laLFkkvksa dks nqfu;k dk dksbZ Hkh iQafMax laLFkku nfyrksa vkSj xjhcksa ds uke ij ,d ikbZ Hkh u ns-t; Hkhe&t; Hkkjr-* ikBd le> gh x, gksaxs fd mijksÙkQ iafÙkQ;ka bl ys•d dh ugha]fdlh vuwi Jfed dh gSa-mUgksaus ;g lkexzh dqN fnu iwoZ gh esjs bZesy ij Hksth Fkh-gkykafd mUgksaus tks fy•k Fkk mles dksbZ u;kiu ugha Fkk-o"kks± ls gh ,slh ckrsa ns•rk&lqurk jgk gw-a ij mudh ckrksa esa dqN ,slh ihM+k Fkh fd eSa mls bl LraHk dk fo"k; cukus ls •qn dks ugha jksd ik;kfiNys fnuksa jkT; lHkk ls tkjh ,d lwpuk ds eqrkfcd 2007 ls 2010 ds eè; Hkkjr esa dk;Zjr 65]000 xSj&ljdkjh laxBuksa dks fons'kksa ls 31]000 djksM+ foÙkh; lgk;rk nh xbZ-ij vukf/dkfjd lw=kksa ds eqrkfcd ;g jkf'k dbZ xquk T;kns gksrh gS blh vuqikr esa mUgsa o"kks± ls iQaM feyrk jgk gS-;g lgk;rk fiNMks vkSj oafprksa dksa LokLF; lqfo/k, vkSj f'k{kk eqgS;k djus ds uke ij feyrh jgh gS-blds vfrfjÙkQ HkweaMyhdj.k ds nkSj esa dY;k.kewyd dkeksa ls /hjs&/hjs gkFk lesV jgh dsUæ rFkk jkT; ljdkjsa Hkh cgqr lk dke buls djok jgh gSa-ysfdu ns'k&fons'k ls feyusokyh vdwr jkf'k dk mi;ksx os vius ?kksf"kr y{;ksa ls brj dk;ks± esa djrs gS]ftls ysdj muij rjg ds vkjksi yxrs jgrs gSatgka rd ,uthvks okyksa ij yxusokys vkjksiksa dk loky gS fganqRookfn;ksa dk n`< fo'okl gS fd LokLF;&f'k{kk ds uke ij fons'kksa ls dksfV&dksfV feyusokyh jkf'k dk mi;ksx bZlkbZ;ksa }kjk lapkfyr ,uthvks eq[;r% erkarj.k esa djrs gSa-nwljh rjiQ / eZfujis{krkokfn;ksa dk ekuuk gS fd fganqRooknh laxBu ns'k&fons'k ls feyusokys iQaM dk bLyseky lkEçnkf;drk rFkk vU/

fo'okl dksa c<+kok nsus esa djrs gS-a orZeku esa tksj 'kksj ls py jgs Hkz"Vkpkjfojks/h vkUnksyudkfj;ksa ij vkjksi gS fd os fons'kh iQaM dk mi;ksx yksdra=k dksa detksj djus esa dj jgs gS-a blh rjg dqN yksxksa dk ;g Hkh dguk gS ,uthvksokys fonsf'k;ksa dh 'kg ij vius iQaM dk mi;ksx jk"Vª dh rdnhj lokjusokyh ifj;kstukvksa dks ckf/r djus esa djrs gSa-ysfdu bu vkjksiksa dks dksbZ pkgs rks [kkfjt Hkh dj ldrk gS]ij nfyr – fiNM+s lekt ds dk;ZdrkZvksa ds vkjksiksa dksa [kkfjt djuk dfBu gSbles dksbZ 'kd ugha fd m|ksx&O;kikj]fiQYe&ehfM;k dh Hkkafr gh ,uthvks lo.kks± ds fy, foiqy vFkkZsiktZu dk ,d u;k lzksr cu x;k gS-;gh dkj.k gS fd muds cM+s&cM+s ç'kklfud vf/dkjh rd ukSdfj;ksa ls LosPNk vodkl xzg.k dj ,uthvks cukrs gSa vkSj nfyr&oafpr]nhu& nqf•;ksa ds lsok ds uke ij gfFk;k, :i;s dk bLrseky eq[;r% ,;j daMh'kaM dejksa rFkk gokbZ ;k=kk dk lq• Hkksxus esa djrs gSabalkfu;r ds ;s lkSnkxj ekuo lsok dk çksixaMk dj eSxlkls vkSj nwljs vokMZ thr dj lsyscfjVh cu tkrs gSa-;s ns'k&fons'k ls feys iQaM dk ceqf'dy 20&25 çfr'kr jkf'k lektlsok vkSj ckdh Lo;alos k esa •pZ djrs gS-a bl fglkc ls ns•k tk; rks ,uthvks Hkz"Vkpkj ds vîóksa esa rCnhy gks pqds gSa-;gh dkj.k gS fd fiNys fnuksa nfyr&fiNM+s lekt ds reke usrkvksa vkSj cqf¼thfo;ksa us ,d Loj esa ,uthvks lsDVj dks yksdiky ds nk;js esa ykus dh ekax mBk;k]tks ^bafM;k vxsaLV djI'ku* ds >aMs rys tqVs ,uthvksokyksa dks jkl ugha vk;kcgjgky ,uthvks esa Nk;s lo.kZ vxj dksfV&dksfV jkf'k nfyr&oafprksa ds fgr esa mi;ksx u dj lds rks mlds fy, ftEesokj gSa ^lexz oxZ dh psruk* dk vHkko-blds dkj.k fganw vius xSj&tkfr@o.kZ ds yksxksa ds lsok dh ekufldrk fodflr djus esa fpjdky ls gh O;FkZ jgs-lexz oxZ dh psruk ds vHkko dh O;kf/ bruh çcy jgh fd blls cM+s ls cM+s ys•d ]lekt lq/kjd

]dykdkj]jktk&egkjktk]lk/w&lar rd eqÙkQ ugha jgs-Js.kh lekt ds ciQs]xsV~l]iQksMks± dks Hkkjr ds tkfr lekt dh bl ekufld O;kf/ dk bYe ugha gS blfy, os eqÙkQ gLr ls djksM+ks&djksM+ksa Mkyj vk/qfud lektlsoh dh Hkwfedk esa vorh.kZ lo.kks± dks nsrs jgs gSa tks nfyr]oafprksa dh csgrjh ds ctk; nwljs dkeksa esa bLrseky gksrk jgk-cgjgky jk"Vª vxj ,uthvks lsDVj ds ns'k&fons'k ls feyusokys vjcksa #i;s dk oafprksa ds fgr esa csgrj mi;ksx ds çfr fpafrr gS rks mls dqN ØfUrdkjh dne mBkus ds fy, vkxs vkuk gksxkesjs fopkj ls ,uthvks lsDVj dks caVusokyh /ujkf'k esa lkekftd vkSj ySfa xd fofo/rk(MkboflZVh) ykxw djds gh bldk lkFkZd mi;ksx gks ldrk gS-;fn bles fofo/rk uhfr ykxw gksrh gS rks bl {ks=k dks gj lky feyusokyh dbZ gtkj djksM+ dh jkf'k dk caVokjk ns'k ds çeq• pkj lkekftdlewgks&a lo.kZ]vkschlh],llh@,lVh] vkSj /kfeZd vYila[;dks&a ds L=kh&iq#"kksa ds la[;kuqikr esa gksxk-blls ftu lo.kks± ds gkFk esa ;g {ks=k ca/d cudj jg x;k gS muds }kjk lapkfyr ,uthvks]VªLVksa ds fgLls esa ceqf'dy 15 çfr'kr iSlk gh tk ik;sxk,slk gksus ij ne rksM+ jgs ,llh@,lVh]vkschlh]/kfeZd vYila[;dksa ds ,uthvks ds fgLls esa mudh la[;kuqikr esa iSlk vk;sxk vkSj os bldk mi;ksx vius&vius lekt ds nhu&nqf•;ksa dh csgrjh esa dj ldsxa s -bles ySfa xd fofo/rk ykxw gksus ij pkjksa lektksa dks caVusokyh jkf'k dk vk/k fgLlk mudh efgykvksa ds fgLls esa pyk tk;sxk ]ftldk csgrj mi;ksx vk/h vkcknh ds fy, gks ldsxk,uthvks ds dk;Zcy esa lkekftd vkSj ySfxd fofo/rk dk çfrfcEcu bldh cph •qph dfe;ka Hkh nwj dj nsxk-D;k jk"Vª bl {ks=k esa fofo/rk uhfr ykxw djus ds fy, lkeus vk;sxk\ (ys•d cgqtu MkboflZVh fe'ku ds jk"Vªh; vè;{k gSa)

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

fl;klr




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

jkT;ukek mRrj izn's k

PยจNMยถQV NHVD YIUIL10KWNIUNVD GNVYXTOIZ SU WNIUNVD GKOZSKHVD NNIH\GMXVGKMNWXKIU



A

vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks ;g Hkh le>kuk gksxk fd lik ljdkj bu vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks bl lwfp ls gVk dj viuh le`ยผ tkfr;ksa ;kno] dqehZ vkSj tkV ds fy, vkj{k.k c<+kuk pkgrh gS vkSj mUgsa vuqlfw pr tkfr;ksa ls yMkuk pkgrh gSA vr% mUgsa lik vkSj clik dh bl pky dks le>kuk pkfg, vkSj mu ds bl >kals esa u vk dj MkW Nsnh yky lkFkh vk;ksx dh laLrqfr;ksa ds vuqlkj viuk vkj{k.k vyx djkus dh ekax mBkuh pkfg,A

# ,l

vkj nkjkiqjh

gky esa mร™kj รงns'k esa 16 uoEcj dks lektoknh ikVhZ ds eq[; ea=kh vfโ€ขys'k ;kno us 17 vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks vuqlfw pr tkfr;ksa dh lwph esa 'kkfey djus ds fy, dSfcusV dh ,d mi lfefr cuk;ha gS tks nks ekg esa jkT; ljdkj dks viuh fjiksVZ nsxhA fjiksVZ ds vk/kj ij jkT; ljdkj lEcaf/r fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks vuqfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwfp es 'kkfey djus ds fy,

dsaรฆ ljdkj ls fliQkfj'k djsxh A bl ij clik vkSj Hkktik us รงdj.k esa ljdkj dh fu;r ij loky mBkrs gq, mi lfefr cuk;s tkus dk fojks/ djrs gq, xq#okj dks fo/ ku lHkk ls cfgxZeu dj fn;kA nksuksa ikfVZ;ksa dk dguk Fkk fd ekeys dks yVdkus ds fy, milfefr cuk;s tkus dh ctk, ljdkj lEcaf/r รงLrko dks lnu ds ekรจ;e ls dsaรฆ ljdkj dks D;ksa ugha Hkstrh\ ljdkj us fo/ku lHkk esa ,d รง'ku ds mร™kj esa ;g crk;k Fkk fd fu"kkn] fcUn] eYykg]dsoV] d';i] Hkj] /hoj] ckFke]

eNqvkjk] รงtkifr]jktHkj]dgkj] dqEgkj] /hej] eka>h] rqjgk rFkk xkSM+ vkfn tkfr;ksa dks vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwfp esa 'kkfey djus ds fy, milfefr cuk;ha x;h gS tks nks ekg esa viuh fjiksVZ ljdkj dks nsxhA fjiksVZ ds vk/kj ij ljdkj dsรฆ ljdkj dks mร™kQ tkfr;ksa dks ,llh dh lwfp esa 'kkfey djus dh fliQfj'k dh tk,xhA bl ij clik vkSj Hkktik ds รงfrfuf/;ksa us ;g dgrs gq, lnu ls cfgxZeu fd;k fd ljdkj รงdj.k dks dsoy yVdkuk pkgrh gSA


bl lEcU/ esa ;g mYys•uh; gS fd bl ls igys Hkh o"kZ 2006 esa eqyk;e flag dh ljdkj us 16 vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwph rFkk 3 vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dks vuqlwfpr tutkfr dh lwph esa 'kkfey djus ds fy, 'kklukns'k tkjh fd;k Fkk ftls vkacsMdj egklHkk rFkk vU; nfyr la?kBuksa }kjk U;k;ky; esa pqukSrh nsdj jí djok fn;k x;k FkkA o"kZ 2007 esa lÙkk esa vkus ij ek;kokrh] tks fd vius vki dks nfyrksa dk elhgk ?kksf"kr djrh gS] us Hkh blh çdkj ls 16 vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwfp esa 'kkfey djus dh laLrqfr dsUæh; ljdkj dks Hksth FkhA bl ij dsUæh; ljdkj us bl ds vkSfpR; ds ckjs esa ml ls lwpuk,a ekaxh rks og bl dk dksbZ larks"ktud mÙkj ugha ns ldhAvkSj dsUæh; ljdkj us ml çLrko dks okil Hkst fn;kA bl fooj.k ls Li"V gS fd lektoknh ikVhZ vkSj clik bu fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa esa 'kkfey djkdj mUgsa vf/d vkj{k.k fnyokus dk ykyp nsdj dsoy mudk oksV çkIr djus dh jktuhfr dj jgh gSa D;ksafd os vPNh rjg tkurh gSa fd u rks mUgsa Lo;e bu tkfr;ksa dks vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwfp esa Mkyus dk vf/dkj gS vkSj u gh ;g tkfr;ka vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa ds eki naM ij iwjk gh mrjrh gSaA orZeku laoS/kfud O;oLFkk ds vuqlkj fdlh Hkh tkfr dks vuqlwfpr tkfr;ks dh lwfp esa 'kkfey djus vFkok mls bl ls fudkyus dk vf/dkj dsoy ikfyZ;kesVa dks gh gSA jkT; ljdkj vkSfpR; lfgr dsoy viuh laLrqfr dsUæh; ljdkj dks Hkst ldrh gS tks bl lEcU/ esa dsUæh; ljdkj gh jftLVªkj tujy vkiQ bafM;k rFkk j"Vªh; vuqlwfpr tkfr vk;ksx ls ijke'kZ ds ckn ikfyZ;kesVa ds ekè;e ls gh fdlh tkfr dks lwfp esa 'kkfey vFkok fudky ldrh gSA lafo/ku dh /kjk 341 esa jk"Vªifr gh jkT;iky ls ijke'kZ djds laln }kjk dkuwu ikl djok dj bl lwfp

esa fdlh tkfr dk ços'k vFkok fu"dklu dj ldrk gSA bl esa jkT; ljdkj dks dksbZ Hkh 'kfÙkQ çkIr ugha gSA okLro esa ;g ikfVZ;k¡ viuh laLrqfr dsUæh; ljdkj dks Hkst dj lkjk ekeyk dkaxl sz dh >ksyh esa Mkydj ;g çpkj djrh gSa fd ge rks vki dks vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwfp esa Myokuk pkgrs gSa ijUrq dsæa ljdkj mls ugha dj jgh gSA ;g dsoy vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks xqejkg djds oksV cVksjus dh jktuhfr gS ftls vc 'kk;n ;s tkfr;ka Hkh cgqr vPNh rjg ls tku x;h gSaA bl lEcU/ esa ;g Hkh mYys•uh; gS fd v•ys'k ;kno dh lik ljdkj vFkok ek;korh dh clik ljdkj }kjk ftu vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwfp esa Mkyus dh tks laLrqfr igys dh x;h Fkh vFkok vkxs dh tk,xh og ekU; ugha gksxh D;ksafd ;g tkfr;ka vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh vLi`';rk dh vko';d 'krZ dks iwjk ugha djrhaA ;g loZ fofnr gS fd vuqlfw pr tkfr;ka lo.kZ fgUnqvksa ds fy, vNwr gSa tcfd lEcaf/r fiNM+h tkfr;ka mu ds fy, lNwr gSAa bl çdkj mudk fdlh Hkh gkyr esa vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwfp esa 'kkfey fd;k tkuk laHko ugha gSA ;fn lik ljdkj bu fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks vkj{k.k dk okafNr ykHk okLro esa nsuk pkgrh gSa tksfd okrZeku esa mUgsa fiNM+ksa esa le`¼ tkfr;ksa (;kno] dqehZ rFkk tkV vkfn ) ds 'kkfey jgus ls ugha fey ik jgk gS rks mls bu tkfr;ksa dh lwfp dks nks ;k rhu fgLlksa esa ck¡V dj muds fy, 27» ds vkj{k.k dks mudh vkcknh ds vuqikr esa ck¡V nsuk pkfg,A ns'k ds vU; dbZ jkT; fcgkj] rfeyukMq] d.kkZVd vfn esa ;g O;oLFkk igys ls gh ykxw gSA eaMy ;ksx esa Hkh bl çdkj dh laLrqfr dh x;h FkhA mÙkj çns'k esa bl lEcU/ esa 1975 esa MkW Nsnh yky lkFkh dh vè;{krk esa lokZf/d fiNM+k vk;ksx xfBr fd;k x;k Fkk ftl us viuh fjiksVZ 1977 esa mÙkj çns'k ljdkj dks lkSai nh Fkh ijUrq ml ij vkt rd dksbZ Hkh dkjZokgh ugh dh x;hA lkFkh

vk;ksx us fiNM+s oxZ dh tkfr;ksa dks rhu Jsf.k;ksa esa fuEu çdkj ck¡Vus rFkk mUgsa 295 » vkj{k.k nsus dh laLrqfr dh Fkh% ^v* Js.kh esa mu tkfr;ksa dks j•k x;k Fkk tks iw.kZ :is.k Hkwfeghu] xSj&nLrdkj] vdq'ky Jfed] ?kjsyw lsod gSa vkSj gj çdkj ls Å¡ph tkfr;ksa ij fuHkZj gSaA budks 17» vkj{k.k nsus dh laLrqfr dh x;h FkhA ^c* Js.kh esa fiNM+s oxZ dh og tkfr;ka] tks Ñ"kd ;k nLrdkj gSaA budks 10» vkj{k.k nsus dh laLrqfr dh x;h FkhA ^l* Js.kh esa eqfLye fiNM+s oxZ dh tkfr;ka gSa ftudks 2-5 » vkj{k.k nsus dh laLrqfr dh x;h FkhA orZeku esa mÙkj çns'k esa fiNM+h tkfr;ksa ds fy, 27» vkj{k.k miyC/ gSA vr% bls MkW Nsnh yky lkFkh vk;ksx dh laLrqfr;ksa ds vuq:i fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks rhu fgLlksa esa ck¡V dj miyC/ vkj{k.k dks mudh vkcknh ds vuqikr esa ck¡Vuk vf/d U;k;ksfpr gksxkA bl ls vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks vius fgLls ds varxZr vkj{k.k feyuk laHko gks ldsxkA bu vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks ;g Hkh le>kuk gksxk fd lik ljdkj bu vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks bl lwfp ls gVk dj viuh le`¼ tkfr;ksa ;kno] dqehZ vkSj tkV ds fy, vkj{k.k c<+kuk pkgrh gS vkSj mUgsa vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa ls yMkuk pkgrh gSA vr% mUgsa lik vkSj clik dh bl pky dks le>kuk pkfg, vkSj mu ds bl >kals esa u vk dj MkW Nsnh yky lkFkh vk;ksx dh laLrqfr;ksa ds vuqlkj viuk vkj{k.k vyx djkus dh ekax mBkuh pkfg,A blh çdkj dqN tkfr;ka tks orZeku esa vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh lwfp esa gSa ijUrq mUgsa vuqlwfpr tutkfr;ksa dh lwfp esa gksuk pkfg, mUgsa lik ljdkj ls ,d vk;ksx cuk dj mudh fLFkfr dk vkadyu djok Hkkjr ljdkj dks laLrqfr djus dh ekax mBkuh pkfg, rHkh bu tkfr;ksa dks Hkh mfpr U;k; fey ldsxk ojuk os bu ikfVZ;ksa }kjk >wBs vk'oklu ns dj blh rjg Bxs tkrs jgsaxsA

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

jkT;ukek mRrj izn's k




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

fo'ks"k

cgqtu Hkkjr dks t:jr gS fdlh usYlu eaMy s k dh

A

lksygoha yksdlHkk esa ns'k ds vYila [ ;d] cgq l a [ ;d vkS j cgqla[;d] vYila[;d ds :i esa utj vkus tk jgs gSaA fujk'kk dh bl ?kM+h esa t:jr gS ,sls fdlh O;fÙkQRo ls çsj.kk ysus dh ftlus Hkkjr tSls gkykr esa vius ns'k ds cgqtuksa esa mEehn dh jks'kuh tyk;k gksA bl fygkt ls Hkkjr ds cgqtuksa ds fy;s usYlu eaMsyk ls cM+k dksbZ çsj.kk dk lzksr gks gh ugha ldrkA Hkkjr vkSj nf{k.k vÝhdk] mHk; ns'kksa dk gh 'kkld lEçnk; fons ' kkxr jgk ftues a ewyfuokfl;ksa ds çfr vkReh;rk dk furkUr Hkko jgkA vukReh;rk ds dkj.k gh os ijk/khu ewyfuokfl;ksa dks u rks eku&lEeku ns lds vkSj u gh 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa esa okftc fgLlsnkjhA usYlu eaMsyk us viuk lkjk thou vius ltkfr ewyfuokfl;ksa dks 'kfDr ds lzksrksa esa okftc fgLlsnkjh fnykus ds fy;s fons'kkxr xksjksa ds f[kykQ 'kkafriw.kZ la?k"kZ esa >ksad fn;kA vikj d"V >syrs gq;s vUrr% mUgksaus vius ns'k ds ewyfuokfl;ksa dks xksjksa dh xqykeh ls eqDr djk;kA

#

,p ,y nqlk/

2014 esa dsUæ dh lÙkk n•y dk lseh iQkbuy ekus tk jgs ik¡p jkT;ksa dk pquko ifj.kke lkeus vkus ds ckn vkt cgqtu lekt dk tkx:d rcdk mn~HkzkUr gS_ fujk'kk ds lkxj esa xksrs yxk jgk gSA dkj.k] pquko ifj.kke us Li"V ladsr ns fn;k gS fd lksygoha yksdlHkk esa ns'k ds vYila[;d] cgqla[;d vkSj cgqla[;d]

vYila[;d ds :i esa utj vkus tk jgs gSaA fujk'kk dh bl ?kM+h esa t:jr gS ,sls fdlh O;fÙkQRo ls çsj.kk ysus dh ftlus Hkkjr tSls gkykr esa vius ns'k ds cgqtuksa esa mEehn dh jks'kuh tyk;k gksA bl fygkt ls Hkkjr ds cgqtuksa ds fy;s usYlu eaMsyk ls cM+k dksbZ çsj.kk dk lzksr gks gh ugha ldrkA lseh iQkbuy dgs tkus okys ik¡p jkT;ksa ds vfUre pj.k dk pquko [kRe


gksus ds ,d fnu ckn vFkkZr~ 5 fnlEcj dks nf{k.k vÚhdk esa mifuos'kokn ds f•ykiQ egklaxzke pykus okys egku eqfÙkQ&;ks¼k usYlu eaMsykdk ifjfuokZ.k gks x;k FkkA mudh e`R;q ls iwjs fo'o ds ekuorkokfn;ksa esa 'kksd nkSM+ x;h Fkh ftlls vki Hkh vNwrs ugha jgsA ml fnu nf{k.k vfÚdk ds jk"Vªifr tSdc tqek us 15 fnlEcj dks jaxHksn fojks/h vkUnksyu ds ç.ksrk usYlu eaMsyk ds x`g uxj dwuw esa muds vafre laLdkj dh ?kks"k.kk dh FkhA ckn esa muds ÑfrRo ls /U; vÚhdu us'kuy dkaxzslds usrk bLekbyoknh us dgk Fkk fd vxj jktdqekjh Mk;uk] ekbdy tSDlu vkSj iksi tkWu ikWy }rh; ds vafre laLdkj dk;ZØeksa dks ,d lkFk feyk nsa rks Hkh eaMsyk dk vafre laLdkj dk;Z mlls Hkh cM+k gksxkA mUgksaus mldk dkj.k crkrs gq;s dgk Fkk fd ,slk blfy, gksxk D;ksafd eaMsyk nqfu;k Hkj ds ns'kksa esa yksdfç; Fks vkSj mudh yksdfç;rk esa jktuhfrd] Hkk"kkbZ] lkaLÑfrd] tkrh; vkSj lkekftd foHkktuksa dh ck/k fcydqy ugha FkhA pkgs vki if'peh yksdrkaf=kd nqfu;k] iw¡thoknh O;oLFkk ls gksa ;k fiQj blls myV fdlh nwljh O;oLFkk ls gksa] eaMsyk dk çHkko nqfu;k ds gj ns'k esa igq¡pkA blesa dksbZ 'kd ugha fd mifuos'kokn ds f'kdkj cus yksxksa dh eqfÙkQ ds fy;s eaMsyk us tks vfojke laxzke pyk;k mlls os nqfu;k ds gj dksus esa ekStwn] gj ml O;fÙkQ ds vkn'kZ cu x;s ftlesa lerk dh pkg gSA fdUrq ftl ns'k ds xqykeksa dks os lokZf/ d fç; gks ldrs Fks muesa cgqtu Hkkjr dk LFkku 'kh"kZ ij gSA dkj.k] cgqtu Hkkjr dh nf{k.k vÚhdk tSlh lkE;rk vkSj fdlh Hkh ns'k ls ugha gSA ;g Hkkjh vk'p;Z dk fo"k; gS fd foxr dqN n'kdksa ls ewyfuoklh leqnk; ds yksxksa esa fgLVªh ds iquyZs•u dh pkg c<+h gS vkSj bl dk;Z dks vatke nsus ds Øe esa mUgksaus dbZ u,&u, lR;ksn~?kkVu Hkh fd;s gSaA fdUrq lc dqN djus ds

ckotwn mUgksaus nf{k.k vÚhdk ls lkE;rk LFkkfir djus dk visf{kr ç;kl ugha fd;kA tcfd lpkbZ ;gh gS fd Hkkjr dh lokZf/d lkE;rk nf{k.k vÚhdk ls gh gSA Hkkjr Hkh vÚhdk Hkh Hkk¡fr fofo/ rke; ns'k gSA nf{k.k vÚhdk esa 9&10 çfr'kr vYitu xksjksa] çk;% 79 çfr'kr ewyfuoklh dkyksa vkSj 10&11 çfr'kr dyMZ (,f'k;kbZ miegk}hi ds yksxksa) dh vkcknh jgh gSA Bhd oSls gh fofo/ rke; Hkkjr lekt vYitu lo.kks ± ] ew y fuoklh cgq t uks a vkS j /kfeZ d vYila[;dksa ls fufeZr gSA ftl rjg nf{k.k vÚhdk esa vYitu fons'kkxr xksjksa dk 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa (vkfFkZd&jktuhfrd&/kfeZd) ij 80&85 çfr'kr dCtk jgk gS Bhd mlh rjg gtkjksa o"kZ iwoZ HkkjrHkwfe ij dCtk tek;s vk;ks± dh orZeku ih<+h dk 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa ij 80&85çfr'kr dCtk dk;e gSA ftl rjg nf{k.k vÚhdk ds ewyfuoklh foiqy la[;d gks dj Hkh 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa çk;% iwjh rjg cfg"Ñr jgs] Bhd oSls gh Hkkjr ds ewyfuoklh HkhA ftl rjg nf{k.k vÚhdk esa lHkh Ldwy] dkyst] gksVy] Dyc] jkLrs ewyfuoklh dkyksa ds fy, eqÙkQ ugha jgs ] yxHkx ogh fLFkfr Hkkjr ds ewyfuokfl;ksa dh jghA ftl rjg n-viQhdk esa lHkh lq•&lqfo/k,¡ xksjksa ds fy;s lqyHk jgh mlls fHkUu fLFkfr Hkkjr esa Hkh ugha jghA ftl rjg n-vÚhdk dk lEiw.kZ 'kklu ra=k xksjksa }kjk xksjksa ds fgr esa fØ;k'khy jgk Bhd] mlh rjg Hkkjr esa 'kklu ra=k n-vÚhdk ds 'kkldksa ds çfr:i lo.kks± ds fgr esa lfØ; jgk gSA bu nksuksa ns'kksa esa ewyfuokfl;ksa dh nqnZ'kk ds ewy esa cl ,d gh çeq• dkj.k fØ;k'khy jgk gS vkSj og gS 'kkld oxks± dk 'kkflrksa ds çfr vukReh; lEcU/A blds ihNs 'kkldksa dh mifuos'koknh lksp dh fØ;k'khyrk jghA nf{k.k vÚhdk ds xksjksa us tgk¡ ogk¡ nks lkS lky igys mifuos'k dk;e fd;k ogh¡ Hkkjr ds vk;ks± us ;gk¡ lk<+s rhu gtkj o"kZ iwoZ nf{k.k

vÚhdk esa xksjksa us tgk¡ cUnwd dh uky ij iq"V dkuwu ds tfj;s vius mifuos'k esa ewyfuoklh dkyksa dks tkuoj tSlh fLFkfr esa iM+s jgus ds fy, foo'k fd;k Fkk ogh¡ Hkkjr ds ewyfuokfl;ksa ds 'kks"k.k esa ç;qÙkQ gqvk Fkk /ekZ/kfjr dkuwu] ftlesa eks{k dks thou dk pje y{; ?kksf"kr djrs gq, ,sls çko/ku r; fd;s x;s ftlls ewyfuoklh 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa ls iwjh rjg cfg"Ñr gksus ds lkFk gh fu'kqYdnkl esa ifj.kr gksus ds fy;s vfHk'kIr gq;sA Hkkjr vkSj nf{k.k vÚhdk] mHk; ns'kksa dk gh 'kkld lEçnk; fons'kkxr jgk ftuesa ewyfuokfl;ksa ds çfr vkReh;rk dk furkUr Hkko jgkA vukReh;rk ds dkj.k gh os ijk/hu ewyfuokfl;ksa dks u rks eku&lEeku ns lds vkSj u gh 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa esa okftc fgLlsnkjhA usYlu eaMsyk us viuk lkjk thou vius ltkfr ewyfuokfl;ksa dks 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa esa okftc fgLlsnkjh fnykus ds fy;s fons'kkxr xksjksa ds f•ykiQ 'kkafriw.kZ la?k"kZ esa >ksad fn;kA vikj d"V >syrs gq;s vUrr% mUgksaus vius ns'k ds ewyfuokfl;ksa dks xksjksa dh xqykeh ls eqÙkQ djk;kA bl eqfÙkQ laxzke esa mUgksaus fgalk dk lgkjk ugha fy;k blfy, muds ej.kksijkUr bl ns'k dh ehfM;k esa Nk;s cqf¼thfo;ksa us mUgsa xka/h dk vorkj crkus esa vius dye dh lkjh L;kgh •pZ dj nhA dqN blls vkxs c<+s rks mifuos'kokn ds f•ykiQ pyk;s x, muds la?k"kZ dks Hkh yxs gkFk ;kn dj fy;sA fdUrq Hkkjrh; cqf¼thfo;ksa esa ls Hkwy ls Hkh fdlh us nf{k.k vÚhdk ds jk"Vªifr ds :i esa fd;s x;s muds dk;ks± dks ;kn ugha fd;kA ,slk djus ij mu dkeksa dk mYys• djuk iM+rk ftlls ogk¡ ds ewyfuokfl;ksa dks 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa esa okftc fgLlsnkjh feyus dk ekxZ ç'kLr gqvkA usYlu eaMsykds usr`Ro esa iS'kkfpd jaxHksn ds f•ykiQ nf{k.k vÚhdk us xksjs 'kkldksa }kjk vdsys ,f'k;kbZ vkSj vU; yksxksa ij fd;s x;s lHkh HksnHkkoksa dk

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

o'ks"k




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

fo'ks"k lkeuk fd;kA o"kZ 1996 esa ,d x.kra=k ds :i esa Lo;a dks iquxZfBr djus ds ckn mlus nks ,sls egku fo/ku cuk;s tks dksbZ vU; ns'k ugha cuk ldkA os gSa&1&lekurk dks c<+kok vkSj vuqfpr HksnHkko dh jksdFkke vf/fu;e 2000 vkSj 2&jkstxkj lekurk vf/fu;e 1998- buesa vuqfpr HksnHkko dh jksdFkke okys dkuwu brus l[r vkSj fuHkZwy jgs fd foxr 200 lkyksa ls xksjs 'kkldksa ds le{k uj&i'kq dh fLFkfr esa iM+s dkyksa ds fy;s jkrksa& jkr HksnHkko iwjh rjg vrhr dk fo"k; cudj jg x;kA ys f du fons ' kkxr xks j ks a us ewyfuoklh dkyksa ds lkFk dyMZ yksxksa dks dqÙkksa dh Hkk¡fr ftUnxh thus ds fy;s gh etcwj ugha fd;k] mUgksaus 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa ij 80&90 çfr'kr dCtk tedj fo'o esa lokZf/d vkfFkZd vkSj lkekftd fo"kerk dk lkezkT; dk;e dj fn;k FkkA eaMsyk dh ljdkj us jkstxkj vf/fu;e 1998 ds tfj;s bl vkfFkZd fo"kerk ds •kRes dh fn'kk esa æqr xfr ls dBksj dne mBkdj nqfu;k dks lUns'k ns fn;k fd ;fn bPNk 'kfÙkQ gks rks yksdra=k dks Økafrdkjh cnyko ds ,d gfFk;kj ds :i esa bLrseky fd;k tk ldrk gSA jks t xkj vf/fu;e 1998 ds iQyLo:i ogk¡ vkfFkZd voljksa ds cVokjs esa ^ftldh ftruh Hkkjh la[;k Hkkjh– mldh mruh Hkkxhnkjh* dk fl¼kUr ewrZ :i ys fy;kA blds iQyLo:i ftu xksjksa dk vkfFkZd {ks=k esa 80&90 çfr'kr dCtk Fkk os viuh la[;kuqikr vFkkZr~ 9&10 çfr'kr ij fleVus ds fy;s ckè; gq;sA blls muds fgLls ds 70&80 çfr'kr ljIyl volj ewyfuoklh dkyksa vkSj dyMZ lewg esa ck¡Vus ds jkLrs •qy x;sA usYlu eaMsyk }kjk voljksa ds okftc c¡Vokjs ds fy;s 'kq: dh x;h Hkkxhnkjh uhfr dk vuqikyu muds ijorhZdky ds jk"Vªifr;ksa us Hkh tkjh j•kA fo'ks"kdj orZeku jk"Vªifr tSdc tqek dh dBksj Hkkxhnkjh uhfr ds dkj.k rks xksjksa esa ,slk Hk; dk lapkj gqvk fd os nf{k.k vÚhdk

NksM+ dj Hkkxus yxsA mudks jksds j•uk ljdkj ds fy, ,d cM+h leL;k cu x;hA cgjgky fe=kksa vkt tcfd Hkkjr ds ewyfuoklh leqnk;ksa ds usrk lo.kZijLrh ds dkj.k usiF; esa pys x;s gSa rFkk Hkkjrh; jktuhfr ij /wrZ ,uthvks okyksa] ehfM;k vkSj çHkqoxZ ds ;qokvksa ds ukikd f=kxqV dk opZLo dk;e gksrk utj vk jgk gS] cgqtu Hkkjr dks fdlh ,sls ewyfuoklh eaMsyk dh t:jr eglwl gks jgh gS tks Hkkjr ds 'kkld oxZ dk 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa ij 80&85 çfr'kr dCts dks rksM+dj mUgsa la[;kuqikr ij fleVkus dk dke vatke ns lds tSlk fd dkys usYlu eaMsyk us nf{k.k vÚhdk esa fn;kA ik¡p jkT;ksa ds pquko ds ckn cgqtu jktuhfr dk Hkfo"; vxj va/dkje; fn• jgk gS rks mldk vU;re dkj.k ns'k ds cgqtuoknh usrkvksa }kjk xyr jksy ekWMy dk p;u gSA eaMyksÙkj dky esa tc tkfr psruk ls iq"V cgqtu jktuhfr];kSouykHk dj jgh Fkh]mUgh fnuksa vesfjdk ds OgkbZV gkml esa dkys vksckek jk"Vªifr cudj igq¡psA vesfjdk dk jk"Vªifr cuus ij vksckek ds çfr twuwu iSnk djrs gq;s Hkkjrh; ehfM;k us cM+h pkykdh ls ^Hkkjrh; vksckek* dk eqík mNky fn;kA mlds ,slk djus ij vius la?k"kks± ds cy ij Å¡pkbZ ij igq¡ps dbZ cgqtu usrkvksa us •qn dks vksckek ds :i esa ns•uk 'kq: fd;kA ;g ^vksckesfu;k* cgqtu jktuhfr ds fy, dky lkfcr gqvkA pw¡fd vesfjdk esa vksckek dk mn; ogk¡ cgqla[;d çHkqoxZ(xksjksa) ds lkekftd foosd vFkkZr jgeks–dje ls gqvk Fkk blfy, cgqtuoknh usrk Hkh vksckek cuus ds pDdj esa Hkkjrh; çHkq oxZ dh d#.kk t; djus dh uhfr ij dke djus yxsA blls ns'k esa lo.kZijLrh dk ,d u;k nkSj 'kq: gqvkA blls muds cgqtu fgr dk ,ts.Mk iwjh rjg cny x;kA vc os cgqtuksa ds gj {ks=k esa Hkkxhnkjh dh txg xjhc lo.kks± dks vkj{k.k fnykus dh gksM+ esa mrj vk;s tks vkt Hkh

cnLrwj tkjh gSA blls mudh fLFkfr ^ek;k feyh u jke*okyh gks x;hA vFkkZr~ lo.kZ tgk¡ lo.kZoknh nyksa dks oksV nsrs jgs ogh¡ cgqtu ernkrkvksa esa buds çfr fojkV eksgHkax dh çfØ;k 'kq: gq;h ftldk ifj.kke lseh iQkbuy ekus tk jgs ik¡p jkT;ksa ds pquko esa fdl rjg lkeus vk;k] mldk mYys• le; vkSj dye dh L;kgh dh cckZnh gSA cgjgky cjkd vksckek tSls vuqi;qÙkQ gLrh dks jksy ekWMy cukus ls cgqtu jktuhfr dks gq;h {kfr dh HkjikbZ dk ,d gh jkLrk cprk gS] og ;g fd Hkkjr esa jk"Vªifr usYlu eaMsyk dh mu uhfr;ksa dk tksj 'kksj ls çpkj&çlkj gks ftlds dkj.k ogk¡ 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa ij lqnh?kZ dky 80&90 çfr'kr dCtk dk;e j•us okyk çHkqoxZ viuh la[;kuqikr ij fleVk vkSj ftlds dkj.k vkt og nf{k.k vÚhdk NksM+dj Hkkxus dh rS;kjh dj jgk gSA eaMsyk dh ml uhfr dk tksj&'kksj ls çlkj blfy, t:jh gS /jrh dh Nkrh ij ;g ,dek=k Hkkjr ns'k gS tgk¡ ckck vkne ds tekus ds vYitu 'kkld oxZ dk 'kfÙkQ lzksrksa 80&85 dCtk gS] tSlk fd dHkh nf{k.k vÚhdk esa jgkA 'kfÙkQ ds lzksrksa ij csuthj dCtk dk;e j•us ds dkj.k gh vYitu 'kfÙkQ'kkyh oxZ dk tc rc cuus okyk ukikd xBtksM+ cgqtuksa dks cSd iQqV ij vkus ds fy, etcwj dj nsrk gSA eaMsyk dh mifuos'kokn fojks/h uhfr;ksa ds çpkj&çlkj ds iQyLo:i cgqtuksa esa fefyVªh] U;k;ikfydk] lIykbZ] Mhyjf'ki] Bsdksa] fiQYe&ehfM;k] f'k{kk vkSj jktuhfr dh lHkh laLFkkvksa vkSj ikSjksfgR; bR;kfn gj {ks=k esa gh Hkkxhnkjh dh çcy pkg iSnk gksxhA bl pkg ek=k ls gh Hkkjr dk lkjk jktuhfrd ifjn`'; gh cny tk;sxkA fiQj ,uthvks okyksa dk ukikd xBca/u lLrk fctyh] ikuh bR;kfn tSlh VqPph lqfo/kvksa ds uke ij cgqtuksa dks ugha cjxyk ik;sxkA ys•d ofj"B cgqtu fpard ,oa cgqtu Mk;oflZVh fe'ku ds la;kstd gSaA


dqiks"k.k] Hkkjr NksM+ks #

xhrk lqeu

^dqiks"k.k] Hkkjr NksM+ks* dk ukjk FkksM+k vthc lk yxrk gS ij bl vthc ls ukjs dks Hkkjr ljdkj yxok jgh gSA ckck vkfej •ku Hkkjr ljdkj ds jktnwr cudj yksxksa dks dqiks"k.k ds ckjs esa f'kf{kr dj jgs gSa tcfd ljdkjh nwjn'kZu pkSuy ij mijksÙkQ ukjk ljdkj }kjk yxok;k tk jgk gSA 1960&70 dk n'kd og le; Fkk tc Hkkjr esa ljdkjh fo}ku bl ckr ij cgl djrs Fks fd Hkkjr esa ekSras Hkq•ejh ls gks jgh gSa ;k dqiks"k.k lsA fo}kuksa dks bl rjg dh fo}rkiw.kZ cglksa ds fy, iSls fn;s tkrs FksA vkt pkj&ikap n'kd ckn fiQj dqiks"k.k ij yxrs ukjs ;g fn•krs gSa fd bu o"kks± esa bl ekeys esa dqN Hkh ugha cnykA fpfdRlk foKku ds vuqlkj dqiks"k.k dk eryc gS 'kjhj dks t:jh iks"kd rRoksa dk u fey ikuk Hkys gh isV Hkjus ds fy, •kuk fey tk jgk gksA bl rjg dqiks"k.k] Hkkjr NksM+ks dk ukjk yxokdj ljdkj ;g trkuk pkgrh gS fd ns'k ds lHkh yksxksa dks isV Hkj •kuk rks fey gh jgk gSA ckck vkfej •ku rks dqiks"k.k dh ftEesnkjh yksxksa dh uktkudkjh rFkk ukle>h ij Mky jgs gSaA blhfy, os bl ekeys esa yksxksa dks f'kf{kr dj jgs gSaA ij loky rks ;g gS fd ;g f'k{kk ns'k dh xjhc vkcknh dks gh D;ksa nh tk jgh gS\ vehj yksxksa rFkk eè;e oxZ ds Åijh fgLls dks ;g f'k{kk D;ksa ugha nh tk jgh gS tks •k&•kdj viuk LokLF; pkSiV dj jgk gS\ vlfy;r rks ljdkj ds vius dkjukeksa ls gh mtkxj gks jgh gSA ns'k ds dqN usduh;r yksx yEcs le; ls yxs gq, gSa fd bl ns'k ds Hkw•s ejrs yksxksa ds isV esa fdlh rjg ls vukt igqapk;k tk;sA blds fy, mUgksaus cM+h esgur ls ,d •k| lqj{kk fcy

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

eqík



rS;kj fd;kA bl fcy dk eeZ ;g Fkk fd ns'k dk tks Hkh ifjokj pkgs mls 2 #i;s fdyks xsgwa rFkk 3 #i;s fdyks ds Hkko ls pkoy feysA ek=kk çfr ifjokj çfr ekg 35 fdyks dh j•h xbZA usduh;r yksxksa dk [;ky Fkk fd lEiUu yksx rks bl lLrh nj dh xq.koÙkk okyk vukt •k;sxa s ugha] blhfy, t:jrean yksx gh bls ysaxs vkSj •k;saxsA ljdkj ;fn bls eatwj dj ysrh vkSj ;fn ns'k ds lHkh chl djksM+ xjhc ifjokj ;g vukt çkIr djrs rks Hkh ljdkj ij lkykuk rhu&pkj yk• djksM+ #i;s ls T;knk dk •pZ ugha iM+rkA Åijh rkSj ij ;g jde cM+h yxrh gS ij ;g ns•rs gq, fd ljdkj fiNys lkyksa esa gj lky gh 4&5 yk• djksM+ #i;s djksa esa NwV ns jgh gS] ;g jde T;knk ugha gSA ij ljdkj blds fy, jkth ugha gSA mlus tks fcy rS;kj fd;k Fkk mlesa Hkq•ejh dh js•k ds uhps okys yksxksa dks gh çfr O;fÙkQ çfr ekg 5 fdyks vukt feysxkA fdlh dks yx ldrk gS fd ;g rks Bhd gh gSA Hkq•ejh dh js•k ds Åij okys yksxksa dks lLrk vukt D;ksa fn;k tk;s\ ij ljdkj dh ea'kk rc lkiQ gks tkrh gS rc ge ikrs gSa

fd ljdkj Hkq•ejh ls uhps okys yksxksa dh la[;k dks de ls de j•us ds fy, ,M+h&pksVh dk tksj yxk jgh gSA blds fy, og fdlh Hkh csg;kbZ ij mrj jgh gSA vc cgqr •haprku ds ckn ljdkj dk dguk gS fd og nsgkr ds 75 çfr'kr rFkk 'kgj ds 50 çfr'kr yksxksa dks ;g lLrk vukt nsus dks rS;kj gSA ij usduh;r yksx ljdkjh uh;r dks ns•rs gq, bl ljdkjh fcy dk fojks/ dj jgs gSaA tks ljdkj yksxksa ds isV Hkjus ds ekeys esa gh bl rjg dk #• viuk jgh gks] og Hkyk dqiks"k.k dks ysdj D;ksa fpfUrr gS\ og dsoy blfy, fd Hkq•ejh vkSj dqiks"k.k dh fodjky ekStwnxh ls mlds pedrs Hkkjr dh Nfo dks /Cck yxrk gSA og ;FkkFkZ dks rks cny ugha ldrhA iwathifr oxZ dh equkiQs dh Hkw• mls ,slk djus ugha nsxhA og dsoy ;gh dj ldrh gS fd bl fodkjky leL;k ds ckjs esa Hkze iSnk djsA og bls mins'k vkSj ukjs dh leL;k cuk nsA og bldh ftEesnkjh Hkw•s ejus okys yksxksa ij gh Mky nsA iwathifr oxZ ds fy, ;g okdbZ cgqr vPNk gSA ij tks 'kkld oxZ ,slk djus yxs og fdrus fnu fVd ik;sxk\


cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

vkoj.k dFkk

liQj Hkkjrh; x.kra=k dk



#

fot; ckS¼

iSlBosa iM+ko ij •M+k gS gekjk x.krU=kA Ng n'kdksa dk liQj iwjk gks pqdk gSA gekjh ekr`Hkwfe ds fy, vku&cku vkSj 'kku dk fnu gS x.krU=k&fnolA lcls igys x.krU=k&fnol 26 tuojh] 1950 esa euk;k x;kA 21 rksiksa dh lykeh ds ckn Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; èot dks MkW- jktsUæ çlkn us iQgjk dj bldk vkxkt fd;kA fczfV'k jkt ls NqVdkjk ikus ds 894 fnu ckn ;s 'kqHk ?kM+h vkbZA rc ls gj lky bl ekSds ij ge vius ns'k vkSj ns'kokfl;ksa ds LokfHkeku dk ;s mRlo eukrs gSaA bl ekSds ij viuh lkefjd {kerk] viuh [kkfl;rksa vkSj viuh rkdr dks ;kn djrs gSaA blds lkFk gh eukrs gSa viuh laLÑfr ds fofo/ jaxksa esa jaxk mRloA ,d fczfV'k mifuos'k ls ,d lEçHkqrkiw.kZ] /eZfujis{k vkSj yksdrkaf=kd jk"Vª ds :i esa Hkkjr dk fuekZ.k ,d ,sfrgkfld ?kVuk jghA ;g yxHkx nks n'kd iqjkuh ;k=kk Fkh tks 1930 esa ,d lius ds :i esa ladfYir dh xbZ vkSj 1950 esa bls lkdkj fd;k x;kA ,d utj Mkyrs gSa Hkkjrh; x.kra=k ds bl liQj ijA Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; dkaxzsl dk ykgkSj l=k x.kra=k jk"Vª ds cht 31 fnlacj 1929 dh eè; jkf=k esa Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; dkaxzsl ds ykgkSj l=k esa cks, x, FksA ;g l=k iafMr tokgj yky usg: dh vè;{krk esa vk;ksftr fd;k x;k FkkA ml cSBd esa mifLFkr yksxksa us 26 tuojh dks ¸Lora=krk fnol¸ ds :i esa vafdr djus dh 'kiFk yh Fkh rkfd fczfV'k jkt ls iw.kZ Lora=krk

ds lius dks lkdkj fd;k tk ldsA ykgkSj l=k esa ukxfjd voKk vkaUnksyu dk ekxZ ç'kLr fd;k x;kA ;g fu.kZ; fy;k x;k fd 26 tuojh 1930 dks iw.kZ Lojkt fnol ds :i esa euk;k tk,xkA iwjs Hkkjr ls vusd Hkkjrh; jktuSfrd nyksa vkSj Hkkjrh; Økafrdkfj;ksa us lEeku vkSj xoZ lfgr bl fnu dks eukus ds çfr ,drk n'kkZbZA Hkkjrh; lafo/ku lHkk dh cSBdsa Hkkjrh; lafo/ku lHkk dh igyh cSBd 9 fnlacj 1946 dks dh xbZ] ftldk xBu Hkkjrh; usrkvksa vkSj fczfV'k dSfcusV fe'ku ds chp gqbZ ckrphr ds ifj.kkeLo:i fd;k x;k FkkA bl lHkk dk mís'; Hkkjr dks ,d ,slk lafo/ku çnku djuk Fkk tks nh?kZ vof/ rd ç;kstu iwjs djs vkSj blfy, çLrkfor lafo/ku ds fofHkUu i{kksa ij xgjkbZ ls vuqla/ku djus ds fy, vusd lehfr;ksa dh fu;qfÙkQ dh xbZA fliQkfj'kksa ij ppkZ] okn&fookn fd;k x;k vkSj Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dks vafre :i nsus ls igys dbZ ckj la'kksf/r fd;k x;k rFkk 3 o"kZ ckn 26 uoacj 1949 dks vkf/dkfjd :i ls viuk;k x;kA lafo/ku çHkkoh gqvk gkyk¡fd Hkkjr 15 vxLr 1947 dks ,d Lora=k jk"Vª cuk] ysfdu blus Lora=krk dh lPph Hkkouk dk vkuUn 26 tuojh 1950 dks mBk;k tc Hkkjrh; lafo/ku çHkkoh gqvkA bl lafo/ku ls Hkkjr ds ukxfjdksa dks viuh ljdkj pqudj Lo;a viuk 'kklu pykus dk vf/dkj feykA MkW-jktsUæ çlkn us xouZesaV gkml ds njckj gky esa Hkkjr ds çFke jk"Vªifr ds :i esa 'kiFk yh vkSj blds ckn


jk"Vªifr dk dkfiQyk ik¡p ehy dh nwjh ij fLFkr bfoZu LVsfM;e igq¡pk tgk¡ mUgksaus jk"Vªh; èot iQgjk;kA Hkkjrh; lafo/ku& ,d utj Hkkjr dk lafo/ku] lafo/ku lHkk }kjk 26 uoEcj] 1949 dks ikfjr gqvk rFkk 26 tuojh] 1950 ls çHkkoh gqvkA 26 tuojh dk fnu Hkkjr esa x.kra=k&fnol ds :i esa euk;k tkrk gSA Hkkjr dk lafo/ku nqfu;k dk lcls cM+k fyf•r lafo/ku gSA blesa 395 vuqPNsn rFkk 12 vuqlwfp;k¡ gSaA lafo/ku esa ljdkj ds lalnh; Lo:i dh O;oLFkk dh xbZ gS ftldh lajpuk dqN vioknksa ds vfrfjÙkQ la?kh; gSA dsUæh; dk;Zikfydk dk laoS/kfud çeq• jk"Vªifr gksrk gSA dsUæh; laln dh ifj"kn~ esa jk"Vªifr rFkk nks lnu gS] ftUgsa jkT;ksa dh ifj"kn~ jkT;lHkk rFkk yksxksa dk lnu yksdlHkk ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA lafo/ku dh /kjk 74 (1) esa ;g O;oLFkk dh xbZ gS fd jk"Vªifr dh lgk;rk djus rFkk mls lykg nsus ds fy, ,d ea=khifj"kn~ gksxh] ftldk çeq• ç/kuea=kh gksxk] jk"Vªifr bl ea=khifj"kn~ dh lykg ds vuqlkj vius dk;ks± dk fu"iknu djsxkA bl çdkj okLrfod dk;Zdkjh 'kfÙkQ ea=khifj"kn~ esa fufgr gS] ftldk çeq• ç/kuea=kh gksrk gSA f}rh; fo'o;q¼ dh lekfIr ds ckn tqykbZ 1945 esa fczVsu us Hkkjr laca/h viuh ubZ uhfr dh ?kks"k.kk dh rFkk Hkkjr dh lafo/ku&lHkk ds fuekZ.k ds fy, ,d dSfcusV fe'ku Hkkjr Hkstk ftlesa rhu ea=kh FksA 15 vxLr 1947 dks Hkkjr ds vktkn gks tkus ds ckn lafo/ku&lHkk dh ?kks"k.kk gqbZ vkSj blus viuk dk;Z 9 fnlEcj 1947 ls vkjEHk dj fn;kA lafo/ku&lHkk ds lnL; Hkkjr ds jkT;ksa dh lHkkvksa ds fuokZfpr lnL;ksa ds }kjk pqus x, FksA bldh cSBdksa esa çsl vkSj turk dks Hkkx ysus dh vktknh FkhA lafo/ku fuekZrk MkW-Hkhejko vacsMdj Hkkjr ds lafo/ku ds fuekZ.k esa MkW-Hkhejko vacsMdj us egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ] blfy, mudks lafo/ku dk fuekZrk dgk tkrk gSA MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dks iafMr usg: us Å¡ps ls Å¡ps in dkuwu o fof/ ea=kky; dk in fn;k A tcfd MkW- vEcsMdj foi{k ds usrk Fks] fiQj Hkh usg: th us mudk lEeku fd;k A Lora=k Hkkjr esa os igys dkuwu ea=kh cuk;s x;s A jk"Vªifr MkW- jktsUæ çlkn dk dguk Fkk fd Hkkjr dks u;k lafo/ku cukuk pkfg, D;ksafd vktkn Hkkjr dks u;s lfo/ku dh t:jr Fkh] ftlds vuqlkj jk"Vª dk 'kklu pyk;k tk lds A bl eqís ij fofHkUu usrkvksa ds fopkj bl çdkj Fks & 1- iafMr tokgj yky usg: tks ç/ku ea=kh Fks] os pkgrs Fks fdlh vaxzst (fons'kh) ls lafo/ku fuekZ.k djk;k tk, tks vuwBk gks A 2- usg: th us jk"Vªifr egkRek xk¡/h ls fopkj fd;k] rc mUgksaus dgk] rqEgkjs ikl ns'k esa lcls cM+k dkuwu ,ao lafo/ku dk fo'ks"kK gS] mUgksaus MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk uke lq>k;k A 3- tc jk"Vªifr MkW- jktsUæ çlkn ls usg: us ckr dh rks mUgksua s

crk;k fd ^^MkDVj Hkhejko vEcsMdj dks ns'k fons'k ds lHkh lafo/kuksa dh tkudkjh cgqr vPNh rjg ls gS] blfy, eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd Hkkjr dk u;k lafo/ku MkW- vEcsMdj gh cuk;sa] D;ksafd bUgksaus gj ns'k esa jgdj dkuwu dks vPNh rjg ns•k ij•k gS A buls vPNk nwljk O;fÙkQ vkSj dksbZ ugha] tks dkuwu dk fuekZ.k dj lds A** MkW- jktsUæ çlkn us MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dks crk;k fd mUgsa lafo/ku MªkfÝVax desVh dk vè;{k cuk;k x;k gS vkSj dgk fd lafo/ku cgqr vklku o vPNk cus rc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj us dgk ¶vkidh vkKk dk ikyu gksxk] jk"Vªifr egksn;¸ ! lafo/ku fuekZ=kh lfefr esa lkr lnL; Fks A muesa ls vpkud ,d dh e`R;q gks xbZ A ,d lnL; vesfjdk esa tkdj jgus yxs vkSj ,d lnL; ,sls ftudks ljdkjh dke dkt ls gh vodk'k ugha fey ik;k Fkk A buds vfrfjDr nks lnL; ,sls Fks tks viuk LokLFk; Bhd u jgus ds dkj.k os lnk fnYyh ls ckgj jgrs Fks A bl çdkj lafo/ku fuekZ=kh lfefr ds ik¡p ,sls Fks tks lfefr ds dk;ks± esa lg;ksx ugha ns ik;s Fks A MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj gh ,d ,sls lnL; Fks] ftUgksaus vius da/ksa ij gh lafo/ku fuekZ.k dk dk;ZHkkj laHkkyk Fkk A tc lafo/ ku cu x;k rc ,d&,d çfr MkW- jktsUæ çlkn ,oa iafMr tokgj yky usg: dks nh A mUgsa lafo/ku] ljy vPNk yxk A lHkh yksx MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dh rkjhiQ djus yxs o c/kbZ;k¡ nh xbZ A ,d lHkk dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k A ftlesa Mk- jktsUæ çlkn us dgk& ¶Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj vLoLFk Fks] fiQj Hkh cM+h yxu] eu o esgur ls dke fd;k A os lpeqp c/kbZ ds ik=k gSa A ,slk lafo/ ku 'kk;n nwljk dksbZ ugha cuk ikrk] ge buds vkHkkjh jgsaxs A¸ iafMr usg: us vius Hkk"k.k esa dgk ¶Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj lafo/ku ds f'kYidkj gSa] u;k lafo/ku budh nsu gS A bfrgkl esa budk uke Lo.kZ&v{kjksa esa fy•k tkosxk A os egkiq:"k gSa A tc rd Hkkjr dk uke jgsxk] rc rd vEcsMdj dk uke Hkh Hkkjrh; lafo/ku esa ges'kk tqM+k jgsxk A¸ 26 tuojh lu~ 1950 ds fnu ;g u;k lafo/ku Hkkjrh; turk ij ykxw fd;k x;k A ml fnu x.kra=k fnol dk lekjksg euk;k x;k A ogh lafo/ku vkt Hkh ykxw gS A lafo/ku fuekZ.k dh >yfd;k % 1- lafo/ku çk:i lfefr dh cSBdsa 114 fnu rd pyh A 2- lafo/ku fuekZ.k esa 2 o"kZ 11 ekg 18 fnu dk le; yxk A 3- lafo/ku fuekZ.k dk;Z ij dqy 63 yk• 96 gtkj 729 :i;s dk •pZ vk;k A 4- lafo/ku ds fuekZ.k dk;Z esa dqy 7635 lwpukvksa ij ppkZ dh xbZ A 5- 26 tuojh 1950 dsk Hkkjr dk lafo/ku ykxw gksus ds ckn ls vc rd gq, vusd la'kks/uksa ds ckn Hkkjrh; lafo/ku esa 440 ls Hkh vf/d vuqPNsn o 12 çfof'k"V gks pqds gSa A

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

vkoj.k dFkk




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

vkoj.k dFkk

ISDUND@ODIRNNX YN6M ONHNIWGIRGNOGN)NN)N=



#

vfuy pefM+;k

lafo/ku esa tks O;oLFkk,a gSa mudh O;k[;k fofHkUu fopkjksa okyh jktuhfr vius rjhds ls dj ldrh gSA ysfdu lafo/ku ls vyx dksbZ O;oLFkk djus dk vk'oklu ;k Hkjkslk dksbZ jktuhfrd ny çR;{k ;k ijks{k :i ls nsrk gS rks mlds nks gh edln gks ldrs gSAa ,d rks ;g fd og yksxksa dks >kals esa jâ&#x20AC;˘uk pkgrk gS vkSj nwljk og ml lafo/ kusrj O;oLFkk ds fy, ,slk tuekul rS;kj djuk pkgrk gS] ftlls lafo/ku ij pksV dh tk ldsA tSls Hkkjr dks fgUnw jk"VÂŞ cukus dk edlnA tcfd lafo/ku dk vk/kj /eZfujis{k 'kklu O;oLFkk dk;e djuk gSA

A

ns'k ds vkfnokfl;ksa ,oa nfyrksa ds lanHkZ esa nsâ&#x20AC;˘k tk, rks bl O;k[;k ds D;k vFkZ fudyrs gSa\ nfyr vkSj vkfnoklh rks /kfeZd vkSj :<+ laLFkkuksa ls ugha fpids gSaA os rks ftl f'k{kk dks vk/qfud dgk tkrk gS mls gkfly djuk pkgrs gSa ysfdu mUgsa mlls oafpr fd;k tkrk gSA lafo/ku ds eqrkfcd muds fy, vkj{k.k dh O;OLFkk gS ysfdu vkadM+ksa dk ,d iqfyank gekjs lkeus gS fd vk/qfud f'k{kk gkfly djus okyh mudh ,d cM+h vkcknh dks cjkcj v;ksX;rk ds dV?kjs esa â&#x20AC;˘M+k jâ&#x20AC;˘k tkrk gSA


tks fopkj/kjk vkSj ml ij vk/kfjr laxBu lafo/ku dks ugha ekurs og •qyv s ke viuh ckr mlh :i esa j•rs gSaA bl rjg lekt esa nks Lrjksa ij jktuhfrd la?k"kZ py jgs gSaA ,d lafo/ku dh O;oLFkkvksa dh O;k[;kvksa dk jktuhfrd la?k"kZ vkSj nwljk lafo/ku dks cnyus ds •qys vkSj xqIr la?k"kZA ;gka loky mBk;k tk ldrk gS fd bu reke rjg ds la?k"kks± esa fdl rjg ds laxBuksa dh txg lekt esa cuh gqbZ gS vkSj D;ksa cuh gqbZ gS\ ;gka dsoy lafo/ku dh O;oLFkkvksa dh O;k[;k,a djus okyh ikfVZ;ksa vkSj muds fojks/kHkklksa dks le>us dh dksf'k'k djrs gSaA elyu ckj&ckj dgk x;k gS fd dsoy vk/qfud f'k{kk gh og tfj;k gS ftlls eqlyekuksa dh ekStwnk fLFkfr esa ifjorZu yk;k tk ldrk gSA ;g tksj nsdj dgk tkrk gS fd eqlyekuksa ds fiNM+siu dh otg ml vkcknh ds cM+s fgLls dk /kfeZd vkSj :<+ fdLe dh laLFkkvksa ls laca¼ gksuk gS ysfdu blh ckr dks ns'k ds vkfnokfl;ksa ,oa nfyrksa ds lanHkZ esa ns•k tk, rks bl O;k[;k ds D;k vFkZ fudyrs gSa\ nfyr vkSj vkfnoklh rks /kfeZd vkSj :<+ laLFkkuksa ls ugha fpids gSaA os rks ftl f'k{kk dks vk/qfud dgk tkrk gS mls gkfly djuk pkgrs gSa ysfdu mUgsa mlls oafpr fd;k tkrk gSA lafo/ku ds eqrkfcd muds fy, vkj{k.k dh O;OLFkk gS ysfdu vkadM+ksa dk ,d iqfyank gekjs lkeus gS fd vk/qfud f'k{kk gkfly djus okyh mudh ,d cM+h vkcknh dks cjkcj v;ksX;rk ds dV?kjs esa •M+k j•k tkrk gSA O;k[;kvksa dk edln D;k gS vkSj mldk y{; D;k gS] bls Li"V djuk cgqr t:jh gksrk gSA gekjs lekt esa lafo/ku dh O;oLFkkvksa dh tks O;k[;k,a rS;kj dh tkrh gSa muds chp ,d çfr}af}rk rks fn•rh gS ysfdu os yxHkx ,d gh y{; dh rjiQ tkrs fn•kbZ nsrs gSaA tSls ns'k esa uDlyh xfrfof/;ksa ds cus jgus ds dkj.kksa dk tc mYys• fd;k tkrk gS rks mldh O;k[;k bl :i esa is'k dh tkrh gS fd ;s fiNM+siu dh

otg ls gSA fodkl ds dk;ZØe ykxw Bhd rjhds ls ykxw ugha gksus ds dkj.k fiNM+s bykdksa esa uDlyokn iuirk gSA ysfdu D;k fiNM+siu dh otg ls dsoy uDlyokn iuirk gS\ ckcjh efLtn dkaM dh tkap djus okyh fyczgku vk;ksx dh fjiksVZ dks ysaA dfFkr eq[; /kjk dh jktuhfrd 'kk•k,a nkok D;ksa ugha djrh gSa fd fiNM+siu dh otg ls lkEçnkf;drk us vius MSus fdrus iQSyk, gSaA U;k;k/h'k fyczgku dgrs gSa fd :f<+okn] /kfeZd dêðjrk vkSj lkEçnkf;drk ogka iQyrh&iQwyrh gS tgka vkerkSj ij xjhch vkSj 'kS{kf.kd fiNM+siu gks] tgka visf{kr fodkl u gqvk gks] LFkkuh; usrk jad ls jktk cuus ds fy, yykf;r gksA lkEçnkf;d fgalk esa ftruh tkusa xbZ gSa vkSj ftl dnj lkekftd <kapk çHkkfor gqvk gS] ;fn bl rjg ds vkadM+ksa ds vk/kj ij uDlyokn dks lkeus j•k tk, rks lkEçnkf;drk dks •Re djus ds fy, fiNM+siu dks nwj djuk igys t:jh yxsxkA bl ckr dks fNikus okys O;k[;kdkj uDlyokn ds ihNs egt fodkl ds dke ugha gksus dh tc otg crkrs gSa rks os okLro esa lekt esa ,d jktuhfrd Bgjko ds i{k/j ds :i esa Hkh lkeus vkrs gSAa ;fn os lkEçnkf;drk ds ihNs fiNM+is u dh O;k[;k ds lkFk lkeus vkrs gS rks fiNM+siu dh okLrfodrk lkeus vkrh fn•kbZ nsrh gSA blls bu reke çfr}af};ksa dks vius Åij ,d jktuhfrd •rjk fn•kbZ nsus yxrk gSA blh rjg ls ,d mnkgj.k eqfLye vkSj efgyk vkj{k.k dks fy;k tk ldrk gSA ekDlZoknh dE;qfuLV ikVhZ vkSj mldh lg;ksxh ikfVZ;ka fo/kf;dk esa efgyk vkj{k.k dh i{k/j gSaA Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ vkSj dkaxzsl Hkh bldh i{k/j gSA tcfd ;s rhuksa gh lkekftd vk/kj ij ljdkjh ukSdfj;ksa esa vkj{k.k dh fojks/h jgh gSaA ckn esa ykpkjho'k muds :• esa ifjorZu vk;kA blh dM+h esa ns•k tk, rks okeiaFkh ikfVZ;ka efgyk vkj{k.k esa lkekftd fiNM+siu ds vk/kj ij tkrh; vkj{k.k dh fojks/h gSA

Hkktik vkSj dkaxzsl Hkh blds fojks/ esa gS ysfdu bUgha okeiaFkh ikfVZ;ksa dh ljdkj us if'pe caxky esa eqlyekuksa dks tkrh; vk/kj ij vkj{k.k nsus dk iQSlyk fd;k gSvkf•j eqlyekuksa esa tkrh; HksnHkko dks Lohdkj djus dk D;k dkj.k gSa\ vka?kzçns'k esa Hkh dkaxl sz us eqlyekuksa ds ,d cM+s fgLls dks vkj{k.k nsus dk iQSlyk fd;k FkkA vkf•j efgyk dks ,d gh tkfr ekuus dk D;k vk/kj gS vkSj tks bLyke vius ;gka fdlh rjg ds tkrh; HksnHkko dks ugha ekurk gS mlds vuq;kf;;ksa ds chp tkrh; HksnHkko dks Lohdkj djus dk D;k dkj.k gSA nwljh rjiQ fnypLi ckr ;g Hkh gS fd tks ikfVZ;ka elyu jktn vkSj lektoknh ikVhZ lkekftd vk/kj ij vkj{k.k dh çcy i{k/j gS vkSj tks efgyk vkj{k.k esa Hkh tkrh; çko/ku pkgrh gSa] oks eqlyekuksa ds vkj{k.k esa tkfr vk/kfjr O;oLFkk ds f•ykiQ gSA Bhd oSls gh tSls eqlyekuksa esa opZLo j•us okyh tkfr;ksa vkSj mlls tqM+s usr`Ro }kjk fiNM+s eqlyekuksa dks vkj{k.k nsus dk fojks/ fd;k tkrk gSA tkfr Hkkjrh; lekt dh ,d okLrfodrk gS vkSj bls mlds ;FkkFkZ ds lkFk gh O;k[;kf;r fd;k tk ldrk gSA lekt esa jktuhfrd la?k"kZ lHkh Lrjksa ij lekurk ykus dk gSA ;gh lafo/ku dh okLrfod O;k[;k gksuh pkfg, ysfdu ;g ik;k tkrk gS fd jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa us viuh O;k[;kvksa ls bl rjg ls lekt dks my>k j•k gS fd lekurk dh yM+kbZ rst ugha gks ikrh gSA efgyk fgr dh ckr gksrs gq, Hkh efgyk fiNM+siu dh f'kdkj cuh gqbZ gSA eqlyekuksa ds fy, fpfrar gksus ds ckotwn mudk fiNM+kiu c<+rk tk jgk gSA nfyrksa ds fy, <sj lkjs vkalw cgus ds ckotwn nfyr vius gd gdwd ls oafpr gSaA vkfnoklh yxkrkj vius gkykr ij cuus okyh fjiksVks± esa ncrs tk jgs gSaA vafre lp gS fd lekt esa ftu yksxksa dk opZLo cuk jgk gS mudk opZLo c<+k gSA gkf'k;k CykWx ls---

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

vkoj.k dFkk




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

vkoj.k dFkk

tu dks ugha irk x.kra=k fnol ds ek;us

A

vf/dka'k fo/kudkjksa dks Hkh fo/ku o lafo/ku dh ukyst ugha gSA mudk dguk gS fd vkt jktuhfr o lekftd psruk dh deh gksuk lcls cM+h pqukSrh gSA mUgksaus dgk fd yks x ks a es a jktuhfr o lekftd psruk gksuk t:jh gSA blls gh lekt dk Hkyk gks ldrk gSA



#

t; flag fNCcj

Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds fuekZrk Mk- che jko vacsMdj us lkekt ds รงR;sd oxZ dks U;k; fnykus o cjkcj dk gd fnykus ds fy, lafo/ku cuk;k] ftls 26 tuojh 1950 dks ykxw fd;k x;k FkkA yksxksa dks U;k; o laoS/kfud gd fnykus ds fy, tc Mkchvkj vacsMdj us lafo/ku fyโ€ขk gksxk rc mUgksaus lius esa Hkh ugha lkspk gksxk fd ns'k ds vf/dka'k yksx bldh egร™kk ls Hkh vutku gksxa As tc lafo/ku ds ckjs esa gh irk ugha rks O;fร™kQ vius gd ysus ds fy, dSls yM+kbZ yM+sxkA bl ckjs esa lkspk Hkh ugha tk ldrkA fo|kFkhZ ls ysdj cqtqxZ rd ntZuksa yksxksa ls dh xbZ ckr ij ;g lPpkbZ lkeus vkbZ fd vf/dka'k yksxksa dks 26 tuojh ds ckjs esa dqN Hkh tkudkjh ugha gSA T;knkrj yksxksa us bl fnu vktknh fnol ds lkFk tksMk+ A nqโ€ขn

ckr ;g gS fd ,d iwoZ f'k{kk ea=kh dk iwoZ ih, Hkh bl fnu ls vutku gSA tc ,d jktuhfrd O;fร™kQ ls tqM+s O;fร™kQ dks dqN irk ugha rks vke vkneh ls D;k mEehn jโ€ขh tk ldrh gSA 26 tuojh dks fliQZ Nqรชa hรฐ gksrh gSA bl rd lhfer gksdj jg x;k gSA bl fnu dh D;k egร™kk gS vkSj D;ksa x.kra=k fnol euk;k tkrk gS blls vf/dka'k yksx vutku gSaA LFkkuh; loZfgrdkjh Ldwy esa i<+rs NBh Dykl ds fo|kFkhZ ;ksx's k xks;y dks 26 tuojh dh Nqรชa hรฐ gksus dh rks tkudkjh gS ij bl fnu dh egร™kk dk irk ughaA ;ksxs'k dk dguk gS fd bl fnu Hkkjr vktkn gqvk FkkA blh rjg nqdkunkj lkSjo dqekj us Hkh bl fnu ns'k vktkn gksus dh ckr dghA tcfd lCth eaMh esa pk; foร˜srk v'kksd dqekj dk dguk gS fd bl fnu iwoZ รง/ kuea=kh (tokgj yky usg:) dks fryd

yxk FkkA blh rjg Hkktik ds lkFk lacaf/r lksuw uked O;fร™kQ us Hkh bl fnu Hkkjr vktkn gksus dh ckr dghA โ€ขkylk lhfu;j lsdsaMjh :iuxj ds fo|kFkhZ tkfgn FkksM+k vVdk ijUrq ckn esa lgh crkus esa dke;kc jgkA blh rjg ,ech, ikl ;qod iadt 'kekZ us igys dgk fd bl fnu Hkkjr ikfdLrku vyx vyx gq, FksA ijUrq ckn esa mlus crk;k fd bl fnu lafo/ku ykxw gqvk FkkA xouZesaV dkyst :iuxj esa yksd รง'kklu ds รงksiQslj Mk- fueZy flag cjkM+ dk dguk gS fd yksxksa esa jktuhfrd psruk dh deh gSA vf/dka'k fo/kudkjksa dks Hkh fo/ku o lafo/ku dh ukyst ugha gSA mudk dguk gS fd vkt jktuhfr o lekftd psruk dh deh gksuk lcls cM+h pqukSrh gSA mUgksua s dgk fd yksxksa esa jktuhfr o lekftd psruk gksuk t:jh gSA blls gh lekt dk Hkyk gks ldrk gSA


cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

vkoj.k dFkk

frjaxs >aMs dks lykeh (26 tuojh] x.krU=k fnol ds volj ij)

x.krU=k fnol dks ge] [kq'kh ds lkFk euk;saxsA vkil esa lc fey tqy dj] frjaxk >.Mk iQgjk;saxsAA mu ohjksa dks ;kn djsaxs] ftUgksaus vkt fn[kk;k gSA izk.kks dh vkgqfr nsdj] ns'k dk eku c<+k;k gSaA NksVs cM+s lHkh cPpksa dks] mudk bfrgkl crk;saxsA x.krU=k fnol dks ---------ekrknhu us jkt ,d] eaxy ikaMs dks cryk;kA lPpkbZ lqudj mldh] ikaMs th dks xqLlk vk;kA ekrk nhu ds lkgl dk] lcdks vglkl djk;saxsA x.krU=k fnol dks ---------ns'k ds eaxy ikaMs us] vktknh T;ksfr tykbZ FkhA foæksg fd;k iQkSt esa fiQj] xksjksa ls djh yM+kbZ FkhA gksdj 'kghn vej gSa tks] mUgsa ge Hkwy u ik;saxsA x.krU=k fnol dks ---------Hkxr flag] lq[knso] jkt xq:] Hkkjr ek¡ ds yky FksA bu rhuksa ds dkjukes] ns[ks x;s deky FksA ,sls ohj 'kghnksa ij ge] ur eLrd gks tk,axsA x.krU=k fnol dks ---------lkojdj tSls ohjksa us] dHkh uk gkj ekuh FkhA lkxj dks Hkh ikj fd;k] u ns[kh Lo;a tokuh FkhA ,sls ohjksa dh ;knksa esa esys gj o"kZ yxk;saxsA x.krU=k fnol dks ---------pUæcksl usrkth us] fgans vktkn cukbZ FkhA dHkh ugha xnZu viuh] xksjksa ds fy;s >qdkbZ FkhA vktknh ds nhokuksa dh] ?kj&?kj esa vy[k txk,¡xsA x.krU=k fnol dks ----------

nq'eu dks mlds gh ?kj esa] mQ/eflag us ekjk FkkA nqfu;k dks ;g crk fn;k] D;k cksyk mlus ukjk FkkA mQ/e flag dh fgEer dks] ge ckj&ckj nksgjk;saxsA x.krU=k fnol dks ---------xka/h] ohj tokgj us Hkh] vius tkSgj fn[kk;s FksA fgUnw] eqfLye] fl[k] bZlkbZ] lcus fcxqy ctk;s FksA bu lc usrkvksa dks ge] J¼k ds lqeu p<+k,¡xsA x.krU=k fnol dks ---------johUæukFk VSxksj us viuh] ys[kuh ls vatke fn;kA ckck lkgsc Hkhe jko us] Hkkjr dks lafo/ku fn;kA lafo/ku dh vku&oku esa] ge U;ksNkoj gks tk;saxsA x.krU=k fnol dks ---------tu x.k eu vf/uk;d t; gks] jk"Vªh; xhr crk;k gSaA gj Hkkjr oklh dks ;g] xhr cgqr gh Hkk;k gSA Hkkjr ds dkSus dkSus esa] jk"Vªh; xhr lquk,¡xsA x.krU=k fnol dks ----------

NTtw flag ^lqtku* dfo] xhrdkj ,oa ys[kd laidZ lw=k% ch&19] xyh ua&11@2] HkksykukFk uxj foLrkj] 'kkgnjk] fnYyh&110032] iQksu% 011&22387949




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

foe'kZ

vUuk bu Hkz"Vkpkjksa ij ekSu D;ksa gS \

A

csgrj gksrk vUuk Hkz"Vkpkj dks xgjkbZ ls le>rs vkSj mls lewy m•kM+us dh eqghe pykrs fdUrq ;s eqfge vke yksxks dh eqfge ugh gS blfy, bl ckr dh xqUtkbZ'k Hkh ugh gS ftlds fy, eSus rdZ mij fn;s gSA njvly tcrd vUuk ;k vUuk tSls yksx /kfeZdokn dk eksg ugh R;kxsxas rc rd Hkkjr ls Hkz"Vkpkj dk •kRek ugh gksxk ;fn Hkz"Vkpkj gS rks gS pkgs og fdlh Hkh eqvkeys esa gks og xyr gS mldk •kRek gksuk pkfg,A



#

latho [kqn'kkg

vUuk rFkk dfFkr ikd&lkiQ Nfc ds Mh-ih'khyikd Nfc ds Hkh crk;s tkrs gSA ;gka vius&vius iSekus gSA pkgs dqN Hkh gks vUuk vius vkidks vke Hkkjrh; dk çfruhf/ crkrs gS tks de ls de yksdra=k esa ,d liQsn >wB tSlk gSA pan 'kgjh yksxksa dks ysdj flfoy lkslkbZVh dk fuek.kZ djus fd çfØ;k] vke Hkkjrh; dh tqcku cuus dk çek.k i=k ugh gSA njvly ç'u ;s mBrk gS fd D;k ;s lkslkbZVh pan rFkkdfFkr cqfènthfo] /uh] jktusrkvksa dk tekoM+k gS ftlesa dqN inZs ds lkeus gS dqN inZs ds ihNs \ ;fn vUuk vkSj mlds çeq• lg;ksfx;ksa fd ckr djs rks os xka/hoknh gksus ds cgkus ges'kk fgUnwokn dks gh c<+kok nsrs gSA muds bl vkUnksyu esa nfyr vkfnoklh ,oa vYila[;d dk dksbZ LFkku ugh gS ;fn LFkku gS Hkh rks dsoy HkhM+ c<+kus ds fy,A

bl vkUnksyu esa gkoh os gh yksx gS tks lekftd /kfeZd Hkz"Vkpkj ds eqís ij ekSu jgrs gSA vUuk ds vkUnksyu dk eq[; mís'; yksdiky gS u fd Hkz"Vkpkj dk •Rek vUuk us yksdiky fo/s;d ij viuk è;ku dsfUær fd;k gSA ;gka ç'u ;g mBrk gS fd D;k flohy lkslk;Vh dk tuyksdiky ds ikl gks tkus ij Hkz"Vkpkj lekIr gks tk;sxk\ D;k ç/kuea=kh dks yksdiky ds uhps ykus ij Hkz"Vkpkj •Re gks tk;sxkA 'kk;n lLrh yksdfç;rk ikus ds fy, ;s tqeys vPNs yxrs gS ysfdu ,slk yksdiky ykxw gksus ij yksdra=k dks gh •rjk gks ldrk gSA pqus gq, çfruhf/ dk egRo •Re gks tk;sxkA vUuk ds lkFk&lkFk vke turk dks xqejkg djus dk lcls cM+k dke pan /eZoknh ehfM;k Hkh dj jgh gSA tks vUuk dks ,d ghjksa fd rjg is'k dj jgh gS A vkf•j Vh vkj ih Hkh rks dkbZ pht gS pkgs blds fy, lekftd fgrksa dh gh

D;ks u cyh nsuh iM+sA bl dke ds fy, çkbZosV U;wt pkSuyks dks egkjr gkfly gSA bu Hkz"Vkpkj ij vUuk ekSu gS mijh rkSj ij tks Hkz"Vkpkj gks jgk gS mldk dkj.k ;g gS fd gekjs jkse jkse esa Hkz"Vkpkj O;kIr gS tcrd Hkkjr dk vke vkneh Hkz"V jgsxk rc rd ,sls gtkjks yksdiky fcy O;oLFkk dks cnyus es vl{ke jgsxsA vkbZ;s vc vkidks crkrs gS fd Hkz"Vkpkj dh 'kq:vkr dgk ls gks jgh gSA cPps ds tUe ls Hkz"Vkpkj vkt ,d vke Hkkjrh; ds ?kj dksbZ efgyk xHkZorh gksrh gS] rks Hkz"Vkpkj çkjaHk gks tkrk gSA ifjokj ds yksx yM+dk gksus ds fy, eUur] fpjSjh djrs gS tks vkxs c<+dj lksuksxzkiQh rd igqp tkrk gSA yM+dk gqvk rks Hkz"Vkpkj dks vkpkj cuk;sxk] yM+dh gqbZ rks oks Hkh mlh Hkz"Vkpkj dk vfHkUu vax cusxhA Dykl esa ikl gksuk rks Hkz"Vkpkj] ,aMfe'ku gksuk gks rks Hkz"VkpkjA jkse&jkse esa


Hkz"Vkpkj clk gS rks tc oks cPpk ;k cPph cM+h gksdj mPps vksgns esa vkus ds ckn Hkz"Vkpkj esa fyIr ugh gksxs ,slk dSls gks ldrk gSA /kfeZd Hkz"Vkpkj Hkkjr esa ftl çdkj ls /kfeZd Hkz"Vkpkj dks ekU;rk gS og fdlh oglh lekt esa gh laHko gSA euqLe`fr]ojkg iqjk.k] Hkkxor xhrk vkfn fgUnw /eZ xzaFk ges'kk mp&uhp dks gh c<+kok nsrs gSA ftlls tkfr Hksn] fyax Hksn dks /kfeZd LohÑfr feyrh gSA bUgh /eZ xzFa kks ls ftu tkfr;ksa dks 'kks"k.k djus dk vf/dkj feyrk gS os fgUnwokn dks c<+kuk pkgrs gS rFkk os ;s Hkh pkgrs fd Hkkjr dk lafo/ku bu /eZ xzUFkks ls çfrLFkkfir gks tk;s rkfd Hkz"Vkpkj esa mudk ,sdkf/dkj jgsA ;fn vUuk okLro esa Hkz"Vkpkj feVkuk pkgrs gS rks bu mp&uhp dks c<+kok nsus okys /eZ xzUFkksa dh ekU;rk j¼ djok;s mldh lkoZtfud gksyh tyk;sA ysfdu os ,slk ugh djsxs D;ksfd dksbZ vius iSjks esa dqYgkM+h D;ks ekjsxkA ;kfu ftlls ges gkuh gks jgh gks oks Hkz"Vkpkj •Re gksuk pkfg, vkSj ftlls ges ykHk gks jgk gks oks Hkz"Vkpkj tkjh jguk pkfg,A ,slk f'k{khr lekt dk ekuuk gSA lekftd Hkz"Vkpkj Hkkjr esa lkekftd Hkz"Vkpkj /eZ xzaFkks dh dks• ls iSnk gqvk gSA ftlds fxjÝr esa fgUnw rks gS gh lkFk esa eqfLye] flD•] tSu] ckSèn] blkbZ Hkh blls vNwrs ugh gSA ;kfu ;s ugh dgk tk ldrk dh iQyk /eZ esa lekftd Hkz"Vkpkj ugh gSA Hkkjr esa ftl Hkh /eZ us ços'k fd;k os lekftd Hkz"Vkpkj ls ugh cp lds D;ksfd ftrus Hkh yksxks us mu /ekZs dks viuk;k os igys ls gh lekftd Hkz"Vkpkj esa fyIr FksA cgqr bekunkj le>us okyk O;fÙkQ Hkh ;fn viuh dkyksuh es xSl flysMj dh Vªkyh vkrs ns• ÿú :i;s T;knk nsdj viuh ikjh vk;s fcuk flysMj ysus esa dksbZ xyrh ugh le>rk gSA mls yxrk gS fd mlus dksbZ Hkz"Vkpkj ugh fd;kA ;gka fcuk ykbZu ij •M+s gq;s CySd esa fVfdV ysuk] VSDl pksjh djuk] lhuk tksjh dj

ç'kklu ls fu;e fo:/ dke djokuk] viuh tkfr HkkbZ ds yksxks dks iQk;nk igqpkauk Hkz"Vkpkj esa 'kkfey ugh gSA jktuhfrd Hkz"Vkpkj igys ds ctk; vkt jktuhfrd Hkz"Vkpkj de gS] vkt tks Hkz"Vkpkj fn• jgk gS ftlds fo:/ vUuk yke can gks jgs gS oks njvly jktuhfrd Hkz"Vkpkj gh gS igys lkeafr ;qx esa ;g Hkz"Vkpkj pje ij Fkk tgka ,d vksj fdlh oxZ dks nsorqY; lqfo/k,s Fkh rks ,d o`gn tu leqnk; dks tkuoj ls Hkh cnrj le>k tkrk FkkA mls ekuo vf/dkj Hkh çkIr ugh FksA ysfdu vc rd Kkr Hkkjr ds bfrgkl esa igyh ckj yksdra=k ykxw gqvk gS vkSj gkfl;s ij iM+s ml oxZ dks Hkh FkksM+s cgqr ekuo vf/ dkj çkIr gq,s gSA mlds ckotwn vkt dk Hkkjr vU; ns'kks ds eqdkcys jktuhfrd eqvkeys esa T;knk Hkz"V gSA ;s egt bÙksiQkd ugh gS fd vktknh ds rqjar ckn Hkkjr ds ç/kuea=kh lfgr ns'k ds lHkh jkT;ks ds eq[;ea=kh fdlh ,d gh tkfr ls rkYyqd j•rs FksA ç'kklu esa Hkz"Vkpkj pwfd Hkkjr esa jktuhfrd 'kfÙkQ fdlh ,d oxZ ds ikl Fkh blfy, ç'kklu esa Hkh mlh oxZ dk jkt Fkk vkSj os yksx Hkz"Vkpkj dks lnkpkj le> dj fuHkkrs vk;sA tc rd jktusrk Hkz"V jgsxs muds }kjk lapkfyr ç'kklu Hkh Hkz"V gh jgsxkA vkt ç'kklu dh dk;Zfo/h bruh tVhy gS fd ,d lk/kj.k ls dyZd ds ikl ;s vf/dkj gS fd og iQkbZy dks jksd ys ;k vkxs c<us nsA ç'kklu esa tokcnsgh dks ysdj vkt Hkh lansg gSA vf/dkjh vjkeryc gS rks deZpkjh dke ds cks> rys nck tk jgk gSA dke dh vf/ dkrk osru esa folaxrh orZeku esa Hkz"Vkpkj dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, ftEesnkj gSA egRpiw.kZ in ij cSBs vf/dkjh deZpkjh dk osru bruk de gS fd os vius ifjokj dk iks"k.k djus esa vl{ke ikrs gSA vkSj egRoiw.kZ dk;Z esa Hkz"Vkpkj ds vkiQj dks os Bqdjk ugh ikrsA blfy, ç'kklu esa Hkz"Vkpkj dks •Re djus ds fy, lcls

igys gj inks dh tokcnsgh fuf'pr dh tkuh pkfg, lkFk gh inkuqlkj osru lqfo/ kvksa dh folaxrh dks •Re fd;k tkuk pkfg,A çkbZosV {ks=kks esa Hkz"Vkpkj vkt çkbZosV {ks=kksa esa Hkz"Vkpkj pje ij gS ftlds rjiQ dksbZ è;ku ugh nsrk gSA blds fy, eS ,d mnkgj.k nsuk t:jh le>rk gwA ,d yksdfç; jk"Vªh; lekpkj i=k us ûúú in loZs;j dk fudkyk ftlesa ;qod ;qorh dh HkrhZ dh xbZ ÿúúú@& osru dh ckr gqbZA loZs;j dks lekpkj i=k dk foKkiu djuk Fkk rhu efgus 'kgj xkao dh xyh&xyh dh •kd Nkuh vkSj lkekpkj i=k dh py iM+h A ml lekpkj i=k us bUgs ,d&,d efgus dk osru Fkek;k vkSj rqEgkjh t:jr ugh dg dj ukSdjh ls fudky fn;kA ;s HkfrZ;ka igys ls gh lqfu;ksftr gksrh gSA blh çdkj dk Ny iQSDVh esa] nqdkuks esa] ?kj esa dke djus okys ukSdjks ds lkFk jkst ?kVhr gksrk gS ysfdu vkokt dkSu mBk;sA cM+h&cM+h us'kuy bUVjus'kuy dEiuh;ka bl dke esa ekfgj gSA pkgs ekeyk tehu gM+ius dk gks ;k ýth ?kksVkys dkA yksxks ls efguks dke fy;k tkrk ysfdu osru ulhc ugh gksrkA f'kdk;r dgka djsA ç'kklu esa Hkz"Vkpkj gks rks mldh f'kdk;r mlds cM+s vf/dkfj;ksa ls fd tk ldrh gS çkbZosV lsDVj esa f'kdk;r fdlls djsA csgrj gksrk vUuk Hkz"Vkpkj dks xgjkbZ ls le>rs vkSj mls lewy m•kM+us dh eqghe pykrs fdUrq ;s eqfge vke yksxks dh eqfge ugh gS blfy, bl ckr dh xqUtkbZ'k Hkh ugh gS ftlds fy, eSus rdZ mij fn;s gSA njvly tcrd vUuk ;k vUuk tSls yksx /kfeZdokn dk eksg ugh R;kxsxsa rc rd Hkkjr ls Hkz"Vkpkj dk •kRek ugh gksxk ;fn Hkz"Vkpkj gS rks gS pkgs og fdlh Hkh eqvkeys esa gks og xyr gS mldk •kRek gksuk pkfg,A yksdiky rks yksdfç;rk vkSj Vhvkjih dk •sy gS blls u dqN •kl gksuk gS u os (vk'; vkUuk vkanksyu ls gS) ,slk dqN •kl gksus nsuk pkgrs gSA

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

foe'kZ




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

tUe fnol fo'ks"k

nfyrksa dh fljekSj cgu dq0 ek;korh

A

Mk- ch- vkj- vEcsMdj }kjk iquZLFkkfir ckS¼/ eZ dks ekU;k ek;korh th us mRrj izns'k fodflr djds fn[kyk;kA /eZokn] tkfrokn ,oa o.kZ O;oLFkk ds vkxks'k es jgdj os lnSo pwuSfr;ksa ls tw>rs gq, viuh dk;Z 'kSyh ls lnSo vkxs c<rh jgha gaSA ek;korh th lnSo jktuSfrd izsj.kk jgh gS mUgksaus 'kksf"krksa dks lEoksf/r djrs gq, dgkA ^^ ,s cgqtu lekt ds yksxksa tkxks! mBks!] er Mjks!] ncks er! ?kcjkvks er!¸ gtkjksa lkyksa dh xqykeh dk vUr djus vkSj viuk m¼kj Lo;a djus ds fy, laln :ih lRrk ds eafnj ij oksV ds ekè;e ls dCtk dj yks! ¶[kq'kgkyh vkids njokts [kV[kVk jgh gS] ,d u;k losjk ysdj tkxks]mBks! eS vc vkids Yk{; dks izkIr djus ds fy, lr~r iz;Ru'khy vkSj la?k"kZjr gwaA esjk iz;kl gS gS fd dqN gh o"kksZa ds vUnj tYn gh cgqtu lekt dh bPNkuqlkj ns'k dk iz/kuea=kh nsdj ;gka] lkekftd ifjorZu dk lw=kikr d:a ¸



#

lh-,l-Hk.Mkjh

vkxkeh ns'k dh lÙkk ds nkosnkjksa esa ,slk gh ,d psgjk gS ek;korh dkA clik dh fljekSj ek;korh dh jktuhfr nfyr ,tsMa s ds lkFk gh euqokn ds fojks/ esa 'kq: gqbZ vkSj var esa mÙkj çns'k dh lÙkk ikus rd cjdjkj jghA ek;korh vHkh dsaæ ljdkj ds lkFk xBca/u fd;s gq, gS]a ysfdu vkxkeh yksdlHkk pquko&2014 esa og Hkh nkao •syus ds iQsj esa gSAa ek;korh us fiNys fnukssa esa •qys eap ls ns'k dk ç/kuea=kh cuus dh egRokdka{kh çdV dh FkhA ;wih esa dbZ eghus ls py jgs czkã.k lEesyuksa ,oa lko/ku jSyh djds ;g crkus dh dksf'k'k dh fd og eqfLye&nfyr&czkã.k xBtksM+ dks fiQj ls ftank djds vxyk yksdlHkk pquko esa nkao yxkuk pkgrh gSa] ysfdu mudh utj vc vU; vxM+h tkfr;ksa ds oksVksa ij Hkh gSA ikVhZ dk;ZdrkZvksa dk vkÞoku djrs gq, ek;korh us dgk fd vki lc dksf'k'k djks] rks ge loZlekt ds

fuekZ.k dk ekxZ cukdj ge tYn gh fnYyh dh dqlhZ ij dkfct gksaxsA 15 tuojh] 1956 dks tUeh ek;korh uSuk dqekjh Hkkjr dh ,d jktuhfrK efgyk gksus ds lkFk&lkFk mÙkj çns'k dh eq[;ea=kh Hkh jg pqdh gSAa os cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dh usrk Hkh gSaA lu~ 2007 ds fo/kulHkk pqukoksa esa clik us jkT; esa iw.kZ cgqer çkIr fd;k vkSj os eq[;ea=kh cuhaA ek;korh blls igys Hkh rhu ckj NksVs&NksVs dk;Zdky ds fy, lu~ 1995] lu~ 1997 vkSj Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds leFkZu ds lkFk lu~ 2002 ls 2003 rd mÙkj çns'k dh eq[;ea=kh jghaA pqdh gSaA os igyh nfyr efgyk gSa] tks Hkkjr ds fdlh jkT; dh eq[;ea=kh cuhaA cgu dq- ek;korh us bl ekSds dk cw[kch ykHk mBk;kA mUgksaus egkiq#"kksa ls izsj.kk ysrs gq, mRrj izns'k dks mRre izns'k cukus dk iz;kl fd;kA turk ds le{k ,d mnkgj.k izLrqr fd;k gS fd 'kklu dSls pyrk gSA mUgksaus mRrj izns'k esa vU;k;eqDr] Hk;eqDr] Hkz"VkpkjeqDr ,oa fodkl;qDr] loZtu

fgrk;] loZtu lq[kk; uhfr ij vk/kkfjr fodklksUeq[k uhfr;ka cukdj turk ds chp clik us viuk ,d LFkku cuk fy;kA ftlds iQyLo:i og vkt iw.kZ cgqer ds lkFk mRrj izns'k dh pkSFkh ckj eq[;ea=kh cuh gS vkSj pkSFks 'kkludky ds pkj o"kZ Hkh iwjs gks x;s gSaA og ^lkekftd ifjorZu* ds fy, U;kSNkoj iqj;ks¼kvksa ,oa egkiq#"kksa dks lekt o ns'k esa leqfpr lEeku nsus ds fy, izfrc¼ gSa rFkk pgqaeq[kh fodkl ds izfr Hkh izfrc¼ gSA vo'; gh loZtu dk fo'okl mu ij vkSj xgjk gqvk gSA mudh 'kklu'kSyh us tu&tu dks vkdf"kZr fd;k gSA vc cgqtu lekt cgu dq- ek;korh dks ns'k dk iz/ kuea=kh ds :i esa ns[kus yxh gSA blfy, ge dsoy ;gh dg ldrs gSa fd Mxj eqf'dy t:j gS] ysfdu vlaHko ughaA ek;korh ds lkFk ,d vkSj fjdkWMZ dk;e gSA os 26 djksM+ vk;dj nsus okyh igyh Hkkjrh; jktusrk jgh gSaA jktuhfr esa vkus ls iwoZ ek;korh fnYyh ds ,d Ldwy esa f'kf{kdk


ds :i esa dk;Z djrh FkhaA lu~ 1977 esa dka'khjke ds laidZ esa vkus ds ckn mUgksaus ,d iw.kZdkfyd jktuhfrK cuus dk fu.kZ; ys fy;kA dka'khjke ds laj{k.k esa os ml le; mudh dksj Vhe dk fgLlk jgha] tc lu~ 1984 esa clik dh LFkkiuk gqbZ FkhA ek;korh us viuk igyk pquko mÙkj çns'k esa eqtÝiQjuxj ds dSjkuk yksdlHkk lhV ls yM+k FkkA os vfookfgr gSa vkSj vius leFkZdksa esa cguth ds uke ls tkuh tkrh gSaA ek;korh ds O;fÙkQRo ,oe ÑfrRo ij dbZ iqLrdsa fy•h tk pqdh gSaA buesa igyk uke vk;ju ysMh dqekjh ek;korh dk gS] tks i=kdkj eksgen tehy v[rj us fy•h gSA muds }kjk Lo;a fgUnh Hkk"kk esa esjs la?k"kZe;h thou vkSj cgqtu ewoesaV dk liQjukek dbZ Hkkxksa esa fy•k x;kA vaxzsth Hkk"kk esa ofj"B i=kdkj vt; cksl }kjk fy•h xbZ ^cguth , ikWfyfVdy ck;ksxzkiQh vkWiQ ek;korh* vc rd dh lokZf/d ç'kaluh; thou xkFkk gS] tks ek;korh ds O;fÙkQxr thou ij fy•h xbZ gSA vktdy y•uÅ dh ,d vkjVhvkbZ dk;ZdrkZ MkW- uwru Bkdqj dh iRuh vferkHk Bkdqj vkbZih,l] ek;korh ds lkekftd] lkaLÑfrd o jktuhfrd egRo dks js•kafdr djrs gq, ,d iqLrd fy• jgh gS]a ysfdu bu reke vPNkb;ksa ds chp ek;korh ij Hkh jktuSfrd fojksf/;ksa ds }kjk mu ij Hkz"Vkpkj ds vusdksa vkjksi yxk;s rFkk ekeys ntZ Hkh fd, x,A vc mUgsa bu lc Hkz"Vkpkj ds yfEcr ekeyksa esa ekuuh; U;k;ky;ksa ds }kjk DyhufpV Hkh fey pqdh gSA ek;korh ds ikl viuk oksV cSad gSA mÙkj çns'k esa iwjs nfyr oksV ij ek;korh dk dCtk gSA lkFk gh mlds lkFk ,d cM+k oksV cSad eqlyekuksa dk Hkh gSA vxj fiNys fo/ kulHkk pquko dh ckr djsa] rks çns'k ds 17 iQhlnh czkã.k oksV clik ds i{k esa iM+s FksA blds vykok clik dk oksV cSd a dekscl s gj jkT;ksa esa gSA vkxkeh yksdlHkk pquko dks ysdj clik dh j.kuhfr fcuk fdlh jktuSfrd ny ls xBca/u djds iwjs ns'k esa yxHkx lHkh lhVksa ij viuk mEehnokj mrkjus dh gSA ek;korh bl pquko esa de ls de 50&60 lhVksa ij thr gkfly djds dsUæ dh lRrk esa

HNN NNOXHVD P5UML]Q V NGV\NV[NVD GNVP5UHL]Q V NGKYXT+NZIU gekjk ns'k vkradokn] o.kZokn] {ks=kokn] uDlyokn] /eZokn rFkk tkfrokn ls tw> jgk gSA ogha nwljh vksj egaxkbZ] Hkz"Vkpkj] xjhch] tek[kksjh] feykoV[kksjh] vkfn folaxfr;ka gekjs ns'k dks detksj dj jgh gSaA yksdrkaf=kd i¼fr ls pqudj vk;h ljdkjksa us vc rd ns'k dks [kks[kyk djds j[k fn;k gSA gekjs ns'k dks vkt Hkh dbZ fo"kerkoknh rkdrsa detksj dj jgh gSaA ftlls lewps ns'k dk fodkl #d x;k gSA ns'k dh vktknh ds 50 lky ckn cgqtu mRFkku dk ,d ;qx m-iz- ls 'kq: gqvkA 2 twu lu 1995 dks cgqtu lekt ikVhZ m-iz- esa lRrk esa vk;h vkSj lqJh ek;korh th us igyh ckj eq[;ea=kh in dks laHkkydj ckck lkgc ds lius dks lkdkj dj fn[kk;kA ckck lkgc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj us vius lacks/u esa dgk Fkk fd eSa vkidks ,d oksV dh rkdr ns jgk gwaA vc vki viuk jguqek (jktk) Lo;a pqu ldrs gSaA vc jktk jkuh dh dks[k ls iSnk ugha gksxk cfYd yksdrkaf=kd i¼fr ls erisfV;ksa ls iSnk gksxkA eq[;ea=kh lqJh ek;korh dk dk;Z djus dk viuk vyx <ax gSA ek;korh us dHkh Hkh gkykrksa ls le>kSrk ugha fd;k vkSj jktuSfrd lw> cw> esa eq[;ea=kh dh xn~nh rhu ckj bl izdkj R;kx nh vkSj ikapoha okj lRrk Hkh dqjcku dj nhA Hkz"VkpkjeqDr iz'kklu gsrq iz'kklfud lqèkkjksa eas fdlh Hkh NksVs cM+s vfèkdkjh dks NwV ugha nhA mUgksus viuh ikVhZ ls pqudj vk;s ea=kh o fo/k;d o inkf/dkfj;ksa dks Hkh ckgj dk jkLrk fn[kk;k] tks vius mn~ns'; ls HkVd x;s FksA lHkh dks equkflc dk;Z djus ds fy, dfVc¼ dj fn;kA ek;korh th us iw.kZ vkRe fo'okl o ladYi ds lkFk o.k O;oLFkk ds iks"kdksa dk eqdkoyk fd;kA mUgksaus ,d dq'ky jktuhfrd ;ks¼k ds :i esa vusdksa ck/kvksa] vMpuksa vkSj fojksf/;ksa dk eqag rksM+ tcko nsrs gq, bl jktuSfrd in ij igqaphA la?k"kZ o vusdksa lkekftd pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk djrs gqq, lPph yxu] esgur] vkRe fo'okl] usr`Ro vkSj dq'kyrk muds vkHkw"k.k gAS rFkk Hkxoku cq¼ T;kssfrok iQqys] lkgwth egkjkt] lUr dchj] isfj;kj Lokeh ukjk;.kk xq: rFkk osf/lRo ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj o ekU;oj dka'khjke th ds vkn'kZ ,oa mudh lksp vkSj bPNk 'kfDr ds lksiku gSA muds dq'ky usr`Ro ds vk/ kj ij ns'k dk cgqtu lekt muds }kjk LFkkfir vkfFkZd o lkekftd ca/uks ls eqfDr dk liuk latks, gq;s gaAS ek;korh th us mÙkj izns'k es nfyrkasa] ckS¼kas ds bfrgkl dks jpdj ,d ubZ felky dk;e dh gS tks gtkjksa lkyksa rd dk;e jgsxhA jktuSfrd eSnku esa mrkj p<+ko vkrs gh jgrs gS] dHkh gkj ls fujk'k gksdj eSnku ughsa NksM+uk pkfg, D;ksafd gkj ds ckn izxfr dk jkLrk vf/d rst gks tkrk gSA tks dk;Z djus dh {kerk ek;korh th esa gSA tks iw.kZ fu"Bk o fuMjrk ls vius iFk ij vkxs c<+rh jgsxhaA orZeku esa lHkh 'kksf"krksa nfyrksa o ckS¼kas dks ,drk ds ,d lw=k esa cak/us dh vko';drk gS nsus dh vko';drk gS D;ksafd jktuSfrd usrk] U;k; ikfydk rFkk ehfM;k Hkh buds fo:¼ gh dk;Z djrk gSA gesa lUrks"k o /S;Z ls dke ysuk pkfg, rFkk ,d tqV gksdj vkxs dBksj ifjJe djuk gh gekjk Yk{; gksuk pkfg,A ftlls ge bu lerkoknh fojks/h rkdrks dk eqagrksM+ tcko ns lds A ek;k 'kklu dh lw> cw> o mRd`"V dk;Z iz.kkyh dks ge ns[krs gSa rks gesa Hkkjr dh vktknh dk 63 lky dk le; efLr"d esa :c: utj vkrk gS fd ns'k esa dkaxzsl vkSj chtsih gh 'kkld jgh gSa vkSj nksuksa dh lksp vkSj dk;Zi.z kkyh yxHkx ,d tSlh gh gSA dkaxl sz mu eè;eoxZ ds mu yksxksa dk lewg gS tks vaxzsth dky esa Hkh 'kklu ls tqM+s gq, Fks vkSj vkt Hkh 'kkld gSAa bl 'kkld eè;eoxZ dks m|ksxifr;ksa dk leFkZu izkIr gSA chtsih mPp oxZ ds mu yksxksa dk lewg gS ftUgsa m|ksxifr;ksa] iwthiafr;ksa vkSj vc fons'kh daifu;ksa dk leFkZu izkIr gSA ;s nksuksa gh ikVhZ xjhc] etnwj vkSj fdlkuksa ds gd esa ugha gSaA ;s [kqn èkuh gSa vkSj èkfu;ksa ds fgr dh gh lksp jgs gaAS vkt 66 lky vktknh dks gks x;s fiQj Hkh xjhch js[kk ls uhps thou thus okyksa dk Lrj ugha mB ik;k gSA tks ml le; xjhc Fkk og vkt Hkh xjhc gSA ns'k dk fodkl mUufr èkuokuksa ds fy, gh gSA xjhcksa ds fy, ugha gSA

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

tUe fnol fo'ks"k




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

tUe fnol fo'ks"k cSysal vkiQ ikWoj ou dj mHkjus dh rS;kjh dj jgh gSAa vkxkeh pquko esa clik dh gkyr D;k gksxh\ vHkh dguk eqf'dy gS] ysfdu jktuhfrd laHkkoukvksa dks ns•rs gq, vkSj lÙkk ds nkosnkjksa esa ek;korh dks derj ugha vkadk tk ldrkA tc ek;korh dks muds dk;Zdrkvkas us muds tUefnol ij uksVksa dh ekyk ls mudk Lokxr fd;k rks muds jktuSfrd fojksf/;ksa us mu ij vkjksi yxk;s fd mUgsa djksMksa :i, dh nkSyr dh t:jr Hkh D;k gS jktuhfr esa jgus okyksa ds fy, turk dk Lusg vkSj fo'okl gh lcls cMh iwath gksrh gSnj vly lo.kZ vkSj iq#"k ekufldrk okys yksxksa ds xys ;s ckr mrj ugha ik jgh gS dSls ,d nfyr vkSj oks Hkh L=kh Hkkjr ds lcls T;knk tula[;k okys jkT; dh eq[;ea=kh cu xbZ vkSj oks Hkh ek=k 54 lky dh mez esa pkSFkh ckj ! vkSj vc tc ek;korh dgrh gS oks Hkkjr dh ç/kuea=kh D;wa ugh cu ldrh \ rks blesa xyr Hkh D;k gS\a vkSj •qnk u •kLrk oks fnu Hkh vk tk;s rks bu lo.kZ ekufldrk okyks dh gkyr D;k gksxhA bl ckr dk vanktk yxk yhft,A Åij tks Hkh vkjksi yxk, x;s gS-- orZeku jktuhfr ds vlyh pgjs ds eísutj lp gksus ckn Hkh cpdkus yxrs gSA vkt dkSu ,slk usrk gS tks bu vkjksiksa ls vNwrk gSA ek;korh dh ek;k fliQZ ;gh gS fd oks tks Hkh djrh gS-- lgh ;k xyr-- rky Bksd dj -- lc ds lkeus djrh gSA vkt tc 'kknh&C;kg rd esa nwYgs dks uksVks dh ekyk igukbZ tkrh gS rks ,d eq[;ea=kh dks iguk;s tkus ij bruh gk;&rkSck D;wa-vkt tc lc usrk ehfM;k ij Nk;s jgrs gSa ogh e;korh ehfM;k ls dkslks nwj jgrh gSAa lc dks lj&eSMe dgykus esa viuh 'kku fn•kbZ nsrh gS ogha ek;korh •qn dks ^cgu* dgyokuk ilan djrh gSA e;korh dysDVj cuuk pkgrh Fkh] exj dk'khjke ;s dÞdj mUgs jktuhfr esa ys vk;s fd ,sls ûú dysDVj rqEgkjs lkeus lj >qdk, •Ms jgsxa As vkt muds jktuhfr es jgus ls nfyr •qn dks rkdr oj eglwl dj jgk gSA mles fo'okl txk gSA vkSj ;gh dkj.k gS fd nfyr mUgas nsoh dh rjg iwtrk gSA

HNNRUKOV +N+NKUGN6X?

A

ek;korh th nfyr izkphu Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dks fy[kuk pkgrh gS mUgsa thfor j[kuk pkgrh gS blfy, jktuSfrd ryokj mUgha ds lj ij yVdh gqbZ gSA lHkh lo.kksZ dk ,d gh mís'; gS fd ek;korh th nksckjk mÙkj izns'k dh dqlhZ ij iqu% u vk tk,A ysfdu ek;korh th nfyrksa 'kksf"kr o lo.kZ lekt ds fy, ukfj;ksa (Nk=kkvksa) ds fy, bruk mPp Js.kh dk dk;Z fd;k gS fd mu dks iqu% jksd ikuk dfBu dk;Z gSA izns'k ds fodkl ds fy, mUgksaus tks dk;Z fd, gaS mUgsa Hkwyk;k ugha tk ldrkA blfy, ek;korh th gh iqu% jktuSfrd lÙkk ij ykSVsxhA

os èkU; gSa tks vuqHko djrs gSa fd ftu yksxksa esa gekjk tUe gqvk gS] mudk m¼kj djuk gekjk drZO; gSA èkU; gS os tks xqykeh dk [kkRek djus ds fy, lc dqN U;kSNkoj djrs gSa vkSj èkU; gSa os] tks lq[k vkSj nq[k eku vkSj lEeku d"V vkSj dfBukb;ksa] vkaèkh vkSj rwiQku dh ijokg fd;s fcuk rc rd la?k"kZ djrs jgsaxs] tc rd fd vLi`';ksa dks muds ekuoh; tUe fl¼ vfèkdkj u fey tk;saA & MkW- vacsMdj lfn;ksa ls o.kZ O;oLFkk ls =kLr ewy ds fuoklh vius gh ns'k esa 'kksf"kr nfyr rFkk

nkl cudj vius vfèkdkjksa ls oafpr jgdj ujdh; thou O;rhr dj jgs FksA ftu euq";ksa o lekt dks ewy vfèkdkjksa ls oafpr dj fn;k tkrk gSA ogh 'kksf"kr o nklrk dk thou O;rhr djrk gSA ml lekt o O;fDr;ksa (ekuo tkfr) dh fLFkfr ds ckjs esa vki lksp ldrs gSAa ftUgsa xkao ds ckgj xanh o eyhu cfLr;ksa esa jgus dks etcwj fd;k gks] ftUgsa >wBu [kkus dks etcwj fd;k x;k gks] ftUgsa ejs i'kq mBkus o eSyk <ksus ds fy, etcwj fd;k x;k gks] ftUgsa vfèkdkjksa la oafpr dj fn;k x;k gksA mudh D;k n'kk jgh gksxhA D;k oks ekuoh; thou th jgs gksxa As ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj


us nfyrksa 'kksf"krksa dh vkokt mBkbZ FkhA okLrfodrk ;g gS fd ckck lkgsc us dgk fd ^czkã.kokn rFkk iwt a hokn gh nfyrksa o etnwjksa ds nq'eu gSAa * blfy, ckck lkgsc buls NqVdkjk fnykuk pkgrs FksA o.kZ O;oLFkk gh lekt ds foHkktu rFkk vlekurk dh lcls cM+h tM+ gSA ftUgsa ckck lkgsc lekIr djuk pkgrs FksA nfyr lekt dk 'kks"k.k o.kZ O;oLFkk ds iks"kd dj jgs FksA mUgsa MkWvEcsMdj dSls lgu gks ldrs FksA vk;Z pkgrs Fks fd nfyr 'kksf"kr oxZ dk dk;Z dsoy lsok djuk gh gSA o.kZ O;oLFkk ds iks"kd ,d cgqr cM+s usrk eksgunkl dje pUn xka/h Hkyk ;s dSls lgu dj ldrs Fks fd nfyr viuk O;olk; NksM+ nsaA mUgksaus <ksax jpdj nfyr cfLr;ksa esa tkuk 'kq: fd;k rFkk u;k uke gfjtu Hkh fn;k oks usrk &gfjtuksa dh cfLr;ksa esa fn[kkos ds fy, tkrs rks Fks ijUrq viuk yksVk lkFk j[krs FksA miokl ds uke ij nfyrksa dk ikuh rd ugha ihrs FksA ;s Fkh nfyrksa dh lsokA bu o.kZ O;oLFkk ds iks"kdksa us MkW- vEcsMdj dks jk"Vªh; usrk rd ugha ekukA ;s gh usrk MkW- vEcsMdj dks fgUnwTe ds fy, pqukSrh ekurs FksA ckck lkgsc dk liuk iwjk djus ds fy, cgqr gh rwiQkuh usrkvksa o jktuhfr esa tUe fy;k] ijUrq nwljksa ds xqyke gksdj iqu% xqykeh dks Lohdkj dj viuk O;fDrxr ykHk mBk;k rFkk lekIr gks x;sA dka'khjke th us Hkkjr ds fo"kerkoknh lekt esa 15 o 85 izfr'kr ds lkekftd vkadM+s dk ftØ dj jkt lÙkkbZ vkadM+k izLrqr fd;kA mUgha ds in fpg~uksa ij pydj ek;korh th Hkh cgqtu lekt vFkkZr 85 izfr'kr lekt ds mRFkku ds fy, dk;Z dj jgh gSA ek;korh jktuSfrd lÙkk ds }kjk lkekftd] vkfFkZd o èkkfeZd O;oLFkk esa ifjorZu ykuk pkgrh gSA bUgksaus ckS¼ èkeZ dks Hkkjr esa iqu% LFkkfir djus dh izfrKk dh gSA Hkkjr ds ewy fuokfl;ksa ds bfrgkl dh iqu% jpuk djuk izkjEHk dj fn;k gSA tks o.kZ O;oLFkk (vk;ksZa) ds iks"kdksa dks lgu

ugha gSA mÙkj izns'k dh rhljh ckj eq[;ea=kh cuus ij tks dk;Z fd;s gSa fojksfèk;ksa dks og dSls dj ldrs gSaA ek;korh dh c<+rh gqbZ yksdfiz;rk ls f[kUu gksdj ;s yksx fofHkUu izdkj ds vkjksi yxkdj budh Nfo dks fxjkuk pkgrs gSaA ijUrq ek;korh vius mn~ns'; ij vfMx gSaA ;s xjhc ifjokj esa iyh cM+h gqbZ] lkekftd dqjhfr;ksa dks lgu djrs gq, fnYyh esa f'kf{kdk cuh rFkk la?k"kZ dh felky dk;e dhA Hkkjr esa tgka o.kZ O;oLFkk ds iks"kd lekt ds tkfr;ksa o oxksZ esa ckaVuk gh viuk /eZ le>rs gSaA o.kZ O;oLFkk ds vUrxZr nfyrksa dks dHkh Hkh lEeku ugha fn;kA lkekftd mRihM+u ds olhHkwr] i'kqor thou O;rhr djus okys lekt esa ckck lkgsc us lkekftd mRihM+u dks jksdus] lEeku fnykus rFkk /kfeZd LorU=krk fnykus ds fy, thou i;ZUr fd;kA ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj ls izsj.kk ysdj ek;korh th vkxs c<+ jgh gSA o.kZ O;oLFkk ds iks"kd Hkkjrh; lekt esa ek;korh tSlh vk;ju ysMh mÙkj&izn's k tSls fo'kky izn's k esa rhu ckj eq[;ea=kh cuhA ;g in fdruk pqukSrh Hkjk gSA tgka nfyr efgyk [ksrksa esa dk;Z djds thou pykrh gS ,sls lekt ls fudy dj vk;h ek;korh pqukSrhiw.kZ dk;Z dj jgh gSA tgka rd eerk cuthZ] 'khyk nhf{kr] t; yfyrk] lksfu;k xka/h tSlh efgykvksa us dHkh vieku rFkk lkekftd vieku ugha ns[kk] dHkh tkfr mRihM+u ugh ns[kk] mu dk jktuSfrd {ks=k esa vkxs c<+uk dksbZ cM+h ckr ugha] u gh ;g egÙo j[krk gSA ijUrq nfyr oxZ es iSnk gksdj jktuSfrd [;kfr fo'oLrj rd izkIr djuk ,d nfyr ukjh ds fy, de egÙoiw.kZ ugh gSa tgka tkfrxr vk/kj ij 'kCnksa ds ck.k nkxs tk jgs gks ogka vdsys nfyr ukjh ckck lkgsc :ih <kapk lc dks u"V dj jgh gS rFkk lc dk eqga rksMs + tokc Hkh ns jgh gSaA ek;korh th dk 'kklu vijk/ eqDr] vU;k; eqDr] Hkz"Vkpkj eqDr rFkk izns'k ds fodkl djus dh Nfo turk esa c<+rh tk

jgh gSA ftl tkfr o /eZ dk bfrgkl ugha gksrk ml dk bfrgkl jpuk cgqr egÙoiw.kZ dk;Z gSA Hkxoku rFkkxr cq¼ Hkkjr esa gh iSnk gq, ;gh ij Kku izkIr gqvk] rFkk ;gha ls mudk ifjfuokZ.k (egk ifjfuokZ.k) gqvk bl ikou Hkwfe ls gh ckS¼ /Ee dk iru gks x;kA blh bfrgkl dks ek;korh th iqu% LFkkfir dj jgh gSA bfrgkl ds lEca/ esa oks dgrh gS fd ftl lekt dk bfrgkl ugh gksrk] og lekt dHkh 'kkld ugha cu ldrkA D;ksafd bfrgkl ls izsj.kk feyrh gSa izsj.kk ls tkx`fr vkrh gSA tkx`fr ls lksp curh gS] lksp ls rkdr ('kfDr) curh gS] rFkk 'kfDr ls 'kkld curk gSA ;s lkekftd ifjorZu ds vkanksyu esa lkekftd Økafr o jktuhfrd Økafr esa egkuk;d dh Hkwfedk fuHkk jgh gSA ckck lkgsc dh izjs .kk ds izfrd ek;korh th okLro esa ^^vk;ju ysMh** gSA ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj Hkkjr dks ckS¼e; cukus ds fy, iz;Ru'khy jgsaA ek;korh th mu ds liuksa dks okLrfod :i iznku dj jgh gSa muds vuq;kf;;ksa dks pkfg, fd mu ds in fpUgksa ij pydj dsoy jktuSfrd ykHk u mBkdj mudh /kfeZd Økafr esa Hkh lg;ksx djsAa okLrkfod ;g fd ckck lkgsc }kjk vkj{k.k dk ykHk nfyrksa us mBk;k bu ds vU; dk;ksZ ij è;ku ugha ns jgs gS tks fpUrktud gSAa ek;korh tks okLro esa vius bfrgkl dks nksgjk jgh gSA ek;korh th nfyr efgyk gksus ij Hkh fodkl dk;Z fuHkhZdrk ls dj jgh gSA LokfHkekuh nfyr efgyk gj lEHko izns'k dh mUufr dh rjiQ ys tk jgh gS ;s ckr muds dk;Z nwljksa dks ns[ks ugha tk jgsa gSA tks lo.kksZ dh xys dh gM~Mh cuh gqbZ gSA izns'k dk 'kklu pykus ds fy, muds lkeus cgqr cM+h pqukSfr;ka gSa ftudk fujkdj.k cM+h gh /S;Z o lw>cw> ds lkFk dj jgh gS o.kZ O;oLFkk ds bl ns'k esa nfyr efgyk fdl izdkj vU;Ur egÙoiw.kZ dne gSA gesa muds jktuSfrd lkekftd ifjorZu rFkk /kfeZd ifjorZu ds }kjk ek;korh th bfrgkl dk fuekZ.k dj jgh gSA

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

tUe fnol fo'ks"k




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

O;fDr fo'ks"k

lPPkk ltx lektizgjh #

iQkSju flag

ns[kk tk;s rks dk;ZdrkZ dbZ izdkj ds gksrs gS ijUrq loZtu fgrk; lPpk lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ tc Hkh dksbZ dk;Z djrk gSA mls lnSo vius lekt dk fp=k niZ.k dh rjg fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA rHkh rks og vius lekt dk lgh fp=k.k dj ldrk gSA lekt ds yksxksa dks ubZ&ubZ ckrksa ls ifjfpr djkrk gS vkSj crkrk gS fd vkids lekt ds lkFk 'kklu iz'kklu }kjk ,slk Nykok fd;k tk jgk gSA ml Nykosa ls vkidks lko/ku djrk gSA rFkk vkidks vPNk ekxZ nsrk gSa ftl ij py dj 'kklu o iz'kklu dh Ny diV :ih uhfr ls lekt dks cpkus esa viuh ;ksX;rk dk ,d mnkgj.k is'k dj ldrk gSA gekjs nfyr lekt dks ckSf/lRo ckcklkgsc MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj lkgc us vius ;ksX; O;fDrRo ls lekt dks /eZ fn;k ftlesa ekuo dY;k.k] 'kkfUr dk] lerk] ckS¼] eS=kh o HkkbZpkjs dk jkLrk fn;k tks fd vU; /eks± esa ns[kus dks ugha feyrk gS ckck lkfgc us jktuSfrd ny vkjihvkbZ fn;k D;ksfa d yksxksa dk fopkj Fkk fd jktuSfrd lÙkk lHkh leL;kvksa dh pkch gSA j{kk lqj{kk ds fy;s ckck lkfgc us lerk lSfud ny dk laxBu fn;k tks lekt dh lqj{kk djsxkA mijksDr rhuksa ckrkssa ij gekjs nfyr LokFkhZ yksxksa us vius inksa dk ykHk vius rd gh lhfer j[kk ifj.kke fudyk fd lekt ds cgqla[;d yksx eqag rkdrs jg x;s mudh lq/ rd Hkh ugha yh xbZ D;ksafd lekt ds vUnj lPps lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa dh deh jgh] blh deh ds vHkko esa ckck lkfgc MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj us dgk Fkk fd eq>s i<+s fy[ks yksxksa ij Hkjkslk ugha gS fd os esjs crk,s gq,s jkLrs ij [kjs mrjsxsa vkSj ckck lkgc dks /ks[kk fn;kA urhtk

fudyk fd lekt I;kls dh rjg ns[krk jgk lkekftd leL;k,s [kM+h jgh 'kklu iz'kklu vuns[kh djrk jgkA fujk'k gksus dh ckr ugha gSa HknUr LoxhZ; MkW- jru T;fr th us dgk Fkk fd ^^cgrh /kjk esa yk[kksa cg tk;k djrs gS dqN FkksM+s gksrs gSa bfrgkl cuk;k djrs gSa-mijksDr iafDr;ksa ds lanHkZ esa gekjs gh lekt ds ,d lPps dk;ZdrkZ Jh tloUr flag cs/M+d th us vius 'kkgfld O;fDrRo dk mnkgj.k is'k ml le; fd;k tc fdlh eu pys }kjk iQslcqd ij ckck lkgsc MkWHkhejko ds uke ls v'yhy ,oa vHkæ fVIi.kh djrs gq, rFkk mudh rLohj dks Økl dj fn[kk;k Fkk ,oa bldh okWy ij fy[kk Fkk fd vEcsMdj lafo/ku fuekZrk ughaA ekU;oj cs/M+d th us vutku O;fDr ds f[kykiQ djkoy uxj Fkkus esa /kjk 153,] 153ch] ,oa vkbZVh ,DV&2000 ds vUrxZr

lsDlu 67 ds rgr ,iQ- vkbZ- vkj-ntZ djk nhA ,iQ-vkbZ- vkj- ntZ djkus ds fy,s mUgksaus cM+h ijs'kkfu;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+k ysfdu os Vl ls el ugha gq,s vkSj vius lkekftd drZO; dks 'kkgl iwoZd iwjk fd;kA blhizdkj igys Hkh mUgksaus viuh cgknqjh] lw>cw> ,oa vEcsMdj fe'ku ewoesVa ds izfr viuh ftEesnkjh le>rs gq, vius drZO; dk fuokZg fd;k FkkA mUgksaus vU; vEcsMdjoknh lkfFk;kas ds lkFk tk dj ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj dh vkifÙk tud 3&Mh iQksVks (ftlesa ,d rjiQ rks ckcklkgsc MkW-vEcsMdj dk iQksVks ,oa nwljh rjiQ HkkSadrk gqvk dqRRrk fn[krk Fkk) cspus ckys ij Fkkuk lnj cktkj iqfyl ls dk;Zckgh djck dj /qzc baVjus'kuy ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu ij eqdnek ntZ djk dj frgkM tsy Hkstus dk lkgfld dk;Z fd;k FkkA


mijksDr 'kkgfld drZO; ds miy{; esa MkW&vEcsMdj cq¼fogkj laLFkk] Mh&CykWd] v'kksduxj] 'kkgnjk fnYyh] ds rRoko/ku esa ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj fe'ku ewoesaV ds ltx çgjh] lkekfttd dk;ZdrkZ] cs/ M+d i=kdkj ,oa lEiknd&cs/M+d U;wt ekU;oj tloar flag cs/M+d dk ekY;kZi.k dj lEeku fd;k x;kA bl volj ij lekt ls tqMs lSdMksa vEcsM~dj vuq;k;h mifLFkr FksA cs/M+d th izKkoku] 'khyoku rFkk lerkoknh fopkj /kjk ds dk;ZdrkZ gSA mudk dguk gS fd ckck lkgsc MkW&vEcsMdj dh 'kku ds f•ykiQ tks Hkh dne mBk;sxk cs/ Md U;wt dh utjksa ls cp ugha ldrkA fuf'pr gh mldks djkjk tckc feysxkA rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh vuqdIik ls vius lkekftd dk;Z esa lnSo liQy jgrs gS] ;g lc dqN mudh lPph yxu] bPNk 'kfDr] vkSj æM+ fo'okl gh rks gS ,sls lPps lkekftd fuHkhZd] fuMj vkSj 'kkgfld dk;Z drkZ dk MkW- vEcsMdj cq¼ fogkj] Mh Cykd v'kksd uxj dh dk;Z dkfj.kh rg fny ls vfHkuUnu djrh gSA gekjh laLFkk vkxs Hkh blh izdkj ;qok /Ee dks lefiZr rFkk vEcsMdjh fe'ku ewoesaV dks lefiZr lekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa dks lEeku ns u s dk;Z djrh jgs x khA MkW&vEcsMdj cq¼fogkj laLFkk] Mh&CykWd] v'kksduxj] dh orZeku dk;Zdkfj.kh us dbZ u;s izfreku r; fd;s gSaA ftlesa bl cq¼ fogkj dk fuekZ.k dk;Z bZekunkjh o lPpkbZ ls djkuk Hkh 'kkfey gSA MkW- vEcsMdj cq¼ fogkj laLFkk ] v'kksd uxj] dh orZeku dk;Zdkfj.kh esa iwT; HkUrs th] iz/ku&iQkSju flag (odhy lkgc)] lfpo&jkeohj flag Hkkjrh] dks"kkè;{k& jktkjke fuxe] MkW-,,l-lqeu] fouksn dqekj xkSre] jke'kadj ,MoksdsV] iQwy flag] vU; x.kekU; lnL; ,oa efgyk lnL; rFkk lS d M+ k s a mikld@mikfldk;sa viuh bZekunkj ,oa lPph deZfu"Bk ls ls bl cq¼fogkj ds fodkl esa lg;ksx iznku dj jgs gSAa ge lc bl cq¼ fogkj ds dkjoka dks vkxs c<kus dk dk;Z djrs jgsaxsA &^^Hkorq lCc eaxya¸

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

O;fDr fo'ks"k




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

vijk/

b&RNMIQ<\KGNFTย‹N(HLMRNM fnYyh iqfyl dh feyh Hkxr ls py jgk gS cqยผk&okjA Hkxoku~ cqยผ o muds ykโ€ขks vuq;kf;;ksa dh Hkkoukvksa dks vkgkr djus dk "kM+;a=kA oksMdk 'kjkc dks egkcksf/ ds uke ls iSd dk uke Hkh jโ€ขk x;kA cqยผk ckj es ,d ntZu ls Hkh T;knk Hkxoku~ cqยผ dh รงfrek;s yxhA



#

tloar flag cs/M+d

MkW- ch- vkj- vkacsMdj fopkj eap (jft-) ds egkea=kh jru yky dSu us vkt fnYyh ljdkj ds uofuokZfpr eq[;ea=kh dks ,d i=k ns dj nf{k.k fnYyh fLFkr lkdsr ekWy esa b&okj ;kfu fd cqยผk ckj esa Hkxoku~ cqยผ dh ,d ntZu ls Hkh T;knk รงfrek,s yxk;sa tkus ij Nksc รงxV fd;k gSaA i=k esa ;g Hkh vkjksi yxk;k xk;k fd LVksjVas es us dsoy 'kjkc ijks'kh tkrh cfYd oksMdk 'kjkc dks egkcksf/ ds uke ls iSd dk uke

Hkh jโ€ขk x;k gSA bl ds vrfjร™kQ vesfjdk esa ik;h tkus okyh eNyh ds uke ls 'kfร™kQ o/Zu iksLVhd inkFkZ rFkk vU; inkFkkZs dks Hkh ^egkcksf/* ds uke ls ukekafdr dj O;kikj eSa รงks;ksx fd;k tk jgk gsaA eap ds egkea=kh jru yky dSu us MkW- ijmn;ohj fnYyh iqfyl ds ykblsfa lax foHkkx vkjksia yx;k dh fnYyh iqfyl us fcuk tkap fd;sa gksVy dks โ€ขk| ykblsl a ns fn;kA blh รงdkj fnYyh ljdkj ds vkcdkjh foHkkx us Hkxoku~ cqยผ dh ntZuks รงfrek;sa yxh gksus ds ckotwn Hkh vkcdkjh ykblsal ns fn;kA

vkcdkjh foHkkx dh fufr vuqlkj 75 oxZ xt ds n;kjs es fdlh Hkh รงdkj dk /kfeZd] 'kS{kf.kd o LokLF; lalFkku ugha gksuk pkfg, tcfd cqยผk ckj es ,d ntZu ls Hkh T;knk Hkxoku~ cqยผ dh รงfrek;s yxh gqbaZ gSAa ;g dslh foMacuk gS dh nksuksa foHkkxksa g cq/ dh ntZuks รงfrek;sa yxh gksus usflaHkxoku~ ds ckotwn Hkh ykblsl a ns fn,A fnYyh ljdkj o fnYyh iqfyl us tu Hkkoukvksa dh mis{kk djrs gq;sa Hkxoku~ cqยผ o muds ykโ€ขks vuqvk;h;ksa dh Hkkoukvksa dks vkgkr fd;k gsAa


cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

vijk/



eap us vius i=k es ;g Hkh dgk gsa dh ;fn fnYyh ljdkj us cq¼k ckj ds nksuksa ykblsal jí ugha fd;sa rks eap ljdkj ds fo#¼ vkUnksyu djsxkA fnYyh iqfyl ds lw=kksa ls ;g ekywe gqvk gs dh cq¼k ckj ds ekfydks us dgk dh muds gks gksVy esa Hkxoku~ cq¼ dh dksbZ Hkh çfrek ugha gSa u gh egkcksf/ uke ls dksbZ iSd gSaA blds foijhr gksVy ds esuw esa egkcksf/ dk uke dbZ inkFkkZs ds fy, vafdr gSaA lkdsr Fkkus ds Fkkuk vf/dkjh o lgk;d iqfyl vk;qÙkQ us vkiuh fjiksVZ esa ;g dgk dh cq¼k ckj gksVy esa uk rks dksbZ çrhek gS vkSj u gh dksbZ iSd dk uke muds esuw eSa gSA uk rks lkdsr Fkkus LVs'ku gkml vkWfiQlj us vkSj u gh lgk;d iqfyl vk;qÙkQ us f'kdk;rdrkZ dh mifLFkfr esa gksVy dh iQksVksxzkiQh ;k fofM;ksxzkiQh djkbZ gSaA eap us cq¼k ckj dh osclkbZV ls ;g ik;k dh Hkxoku cq¼ ds ,d ntZu ls Hkh T;knk çkfrek;sa yxh gqbZ gSa cfYd ifCyflVh lkexzh eSa Hks Hkxoku cq¼ dk uke o iQksVks

bR;kfn vafdr gSaA Fkkuk vè;{k o lgk;d iqfyl vk;qÙkQ us gksVy ekfyd ls feydj mudh lqfo/k vuqlkj viuh fjiksVZ çLrqr dh gsAa eap ds egkea=kh us fnud ûø uoEcj] üúûý dks viuh f'kdk;r ntZ djkbZa ijarw vkt rd çkFkfedh ntZ ugha dh gsaA fnYyh ds iqfyl vk;qÙkQ dks Hkts x;s i=k ds

JMK NDGM YN=

ckotwnHkh Hkh dksbZ dkjokbZ ugha dh x;h gsAa fnYyh ds eq[;ea=kh ls ;g ekax dh x;h gSa dh eap dh çkFkfedh ntZ dh tk;s rFkk gksVy ds uke ls cq¼k ckj dk uke o Hkxoku~ cq¼ ds lHkh fçfrek;s gVkbZ tk;s vU;Fkk eap vU; /kfeZd laxBuksa ds lkFk feydj vkUnksyu fd;k tk;sxkA 9312895462 9953530235

(Insurance Consultant)

Hkkjrh; thou chek fuxe Life Insurance Corporation of India Branch off: 11-P, 29/30,Anuvrat Tower, wazirpur Community Centre, Delhi-110052 lHkh izdkj ds chek djkus ,oa vU; lgk;rk gsrq gels laidZ vo'; djasA Residence: B-169, Gali NO-08, (20 Futta Road) Meet Nagar, Wazirabad Road, Delhi-110094


cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

xt+y

rstiky flag ^rst* dh pkj xtysa vkokjk gwa] nhokuk gwa] ukdkjk gwa lp esa eSa] dSn [k;kyksa dh Mksyh esa HkVd jgk gwa uHk esa eSaA vka•ksa esa dksbZ liuk vc gksBksa ij gS I;kl dgka] fy•rs&fy•rs lks tkrk gwa rUgkbZ ds uXesa eSaA xSjksa dh rks ckr vyx gS] vius Hkh gS vius dc] djus dks gkfly viukiu fdruh •kÅa dlesa eSaA esjs vanj esjk viuk dqN Hkh gS vc 'ks"k ugha ] Hkhrj&Hkhrj bruk VwVk fuHkk & fuHkkdj j'esa eSaA lkalksa ls miou •q'kcw dk] vka•ksa ls fNVdk lkxj] vkye&vkye ohjkuk gS] u blesa u mlesa eSaA dc lkspk Fkk •ks tkÅaxk >qjeqV esa rUgkbZ ds] ^rst* crkÅa vc fdldks D;k] u ckgj u ?kj esa eSaA

oÙkQ ls gksdj [kiQk •qn dks vuke djyw¡ D;k] muds dgus Hkj ls gh •kyh edku djnw¡ D;kA dc rd cpwaxk ekSr ls] ,d fnu tkuk gh gS] Mjds viuh tku dks mtM+h nqdku djyw¡ D;kA ik¡ o ks a es a xks Fkdku gS ] gks B ks a is fr'uxh] thLr dks eSa vle; ;w¡gh reke djyw¡ D;kA D;k fd;k] D;k u fd;k] chrs dy dh ckr gS] dy ds fd, ij vkt dks ;w¡gh fulkj djnw¡ D;kA pkan dk uk ^rst* vc lwjt dk •kSiQ gS] cl blfy, nq'eu dks eSa esgeku djyw¡ D;kA

cpiu ls ikbZ Nqêðh rks p<+h mej us ywVk eSa] ckgj&ckgj lkfcr gwa ij Hkhrj&Hkhrj VwVk eSaA

mfB, fd vc tehu ij va c j rykf'k,] cfLr;ks a dh HkhM+ es a dq N ?kj rykf'k,A

lkalksa esa ftudh gj lwjr lkft'k vkrh&tkrh gS] ekjds VaxM+h vkxs fudys chp liQj esa NwVk eSaA

lks u k fejk okftc ugha ] gS tkxuk xq u kg] vk¡ • ks a es a [k~ o kcxkg ds iRFkj rykf'k,A

xa/ iys iQwyksa esa dSls] utj ckxcka dh cnyh] psgjksa dh vnyk&cnyh esa •qn ls ihNs NwVk eSaA

jkS ' kuh es a Mw c dj jg x, egyks & edk¡ ] vc jkS'kuh ds okLrs NIij rykf'k,A

lwjt djus yxk tqxkyh] /wi us NksM+k iSukiu] pkan us iguk dkyk p'ek] rkjksa tSlk VwVk eSaA

lyker gS dk¡ V ks a es a gh xq y 'ku fd vc ] dk¡ V ks a dh ljtehu ij fcLrj rykf'k,A

tks Hkh pkgk fd;k gok us ^rst* u jksds #dh gok] es?kksa dks ys xbZ mM+kdj] jgk ns•rk rwiQka eSaA

vc rks M + u s gS a nkl ds vkbZ u s fd ^rs t *] ?kj ds vkl&ikl dq N iRFkj rykf'k,A

rstiky flag ^rst* JfgUnh

vdkneh] fnYyh dk ¶ cky lkfgR; iqjLdkj¸ (o"kZ 1995&1996)A vdkneh] fnYyh dk ¶lkfgR;dkj lEeku¸ (o"kZ 2006&2007)A JlkfgfR;d o lkekftd laLFkkvksa }kjk vusd ukxfjd ,oa lkfgfR;d lEekuA JfgUnh

irk%& bZ&3@,&100 'kkyhekj xkMZu] foLrkj&2 (lkfgckckn) ] xkft;kckn (m-ç-) & 201005 bZ&esy % tejpaltej@gmail-com] iQksu % 9911414511


ehfM;k esa nfyr eqíksa ds fy;s Lisl gks # v:.k [kksVs ^ehfM;k esa nfyr* ds gksus ls iQdZ rHkh iM+ ldrk gS tc ehfM;k esa nfyr eqíksa ds fy;s Lisl gksA D;ksafd ehfM;k iw.kZ:i ls futh vkSj czkã.koknh ekufldrk okys ikjEifjd m|ksxifr oxZ ds gkFkks esa gSA blfy;s ehfM;k ds lkeus ;g ysdj vkus dh t#jr gS fd vkt nfyr oxZ Hkh cktkj esa ;ksxnku dj jgk gSA lekpkj i=k @if=kdkvks ds xzkgd vkSj Vhoh n'kZd ds :i esa nfyrks dk lh/s ;ksxnku gS vkSj muesa çdkf'kr @ çlkfjr foKkiu vkfn miHkksÙkQk oLrqvksa ds xzkgd ds :i esa nfyr çk;kstd vkSj foKkiunkrk dks ykHk ns jgs gSAa vkSj blh vk/kj ij nfyrks ds eqís ij ehfM;k esa "Lisl " dk nkok fd;k tk ldrk gSA D;ksafd nfyrks dk ,d NksVk lk 3 » ls 4 » oxZ eè; ;k fuEu eè; oxZ ds :i esa iSnk gks pwdk gSA 'kgjksa us vius nk;js esa xkaoksa dks O;kid rjhds ls çHkkfor fd;k gSA vkSj mldk ,d cM+k fgLlk cktkjokn fd pisV esa vk pwdk gSA nfyrks dk ,d NksVk lk fgLlk blesa 'kkfey gS tks cktkj esa ;ksxnku dj jgk gSA vkt ehfM;k yksdra=k ds pkSFks LraHk fd Hkwfedk ls cgqr nwj tk pwdk gS] lekpkj txr ,d baMLVªh esa cny pwdk gS vkSj lekpkj ,d "mRikn" dk Lo:i xzg.k dj pqds gSaA ftlds pyrs mlls mldh lkekftd ljksdkfjrk dh Hkwfedk ij loky djuk ;k vkis{kk djuk fdruk rkfdZd gks ldrk gS \ eSa ,sls reke fnYyh ls ysdj y•uÅ rd ds nfyr i=kdkjks dks tkurk gq¡ tks viuh igpku dks fNikdj lkekU; fo"k;ks ij i=kdkfjrk dj jgs gSaA ;g lHkh tkurs gSa fd budh tkfr •qyrs gh ;k fiQj nfyr eqís dks mBkrs gh ;sudsu çdkjs.k bUgsa ckgj dk jkLrk fn•k fn;k tk;xkA vkSj tks tkfr dh igpku ds lkFk dke dj jgs gSa muds fy;s pqi jguk mudh etcwjh gSA blfy;s og nfyr eqíksa ds vykok vU; fo"k;ksa ij iwjh csckdh ls i=kdkfjrk djrs gSaA

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

ehfM;k

 ysfdu rknkn esa budh la[;k bruh de gS fd bls çfr'kr esa vkaduk vU;k; gksxkA ,slk Hkh gksrk ns•k tkrk gS fd varr% lekpkj lewg ds HksnHkkoiw.kZ joS;s ds pyrs nfyr oxZ ds i=kdkj vU; {ks=kks esa LFkkukarfjr gks tkrs gSaA cktkjokn dk ,d nwljk i{k ;g Hkh gS fd ;g ykHk gkfu fd ifjHkk"kk le>krk gS vkSj vxj nfyrks dks ehfM;k esa Lisl vkSj çfrfuf/Ro pkfg;s rks cktkj ls mldh gh Hkk"kk esa laokn djuk iM+sxkA t#jr bl ckr fd gS fd 'kks/ks vkSj vè;;u ds ek/;e ls cktkj esa mIHkksÙkQk ds :i esa nfyrks ds ;ksxnku vkSj lekpkjks i=k @ if=kdkvks ds xzkgd ds :i esa vkSj TV ds n'kZd ds :i esa nfyrks ds ;ksxnku dks fpfUgr djus fd vko'k;drk gSA vkSj esfM;k baMLVªh dks pqukSrh ns dj nfyrks ds eqís ij Lisl vkSj muds çfrfuf/Ro dk nkok fd;k tk ldrk gSA U;wt:e esa nfyrks dh Hkkxhnkjh vkSj lekpkjks ds lHkh oxks± eSa nfyrks ls tqM+s fo"k;ks fd lqfu'prrk ds fy, ljdkj ds }kjk viQeZsfVo ,D'ku fy;s tsu fd O;kid vko'k;drk gSA vesfjdk esa dkys yksxksa ds çfrfuf/Ro dks U;wt :e esa lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, mBk;s x;s bl çdkj ds dneks ds urhts dkiQh gn rd ldkjkRed jgs gSaA ljdkjh foKkiu ikus okys vkSj ljdkj }kjk çk;ksftr dk;ZØe okys lapkj ekè;eks dks nfyrksa ds çfrfuf/Ro vkSj Lisl ds fy;s ckè;

fd;k tk ldrk gSA vkt yxHkx lHkh ehfM;k lewg ds ikl vius •qn ds ehfM;k çf'k{k.k laLFkku gSa tgk¡ nfyr oxZ ds fy;s dqN LFkku vkjf{kr fd;s tkus dh vfr vko'k;drk gSA MkW vEcsMdj nfyrks ds vius ehfM;k ds çcy leFkZd Fks vkSj vius le; esa mUgksaus liQy ç;kl Hkh fd;sA vktknh ds ckn Hkh egkjk"Vª vkSj nf{k.k Hkkjr esa dqN liQy ç;kl gq,s gSA dqN ,d ç;kl vHkh gky fiQygky esa Hkh gks jgs gSa tks dkiQh gn rd mEehn iSnk djrs gS¡A ge lcdh lkewfgd ftEesnkjh mUgsa çksRlkgu vkSj lg;ksx nsus dh gSA muds vuqHkoksa dks Hkh 'kkfey fd;k tkrk rks vkSj csgrj jgrkA oSls le; vk x;k gS tc ljdkj yksdlHkk &jkT;lHkk pkSuy fd rtZ ij nfyrksa vkSj vU; ncs dqpys oxZ ij dsafær ,d u;s vkSj LorU=k "lkekftd pkSuy vkSj lkekftd lekpkj i=k" dh 'kq#okr djs tks bu oxks± ds eqnnks ij ,d lkdkjRed cgl ds ekè;e ls vU; lektks dks nfyrksa vkSj vU; misf{kr oxks± ds çfr tokcnsg vkSj laosnu'khy cukus fd Hkwfedk vnk djsA tgk¡ rd nfyrks ds vius ehfM;k dks ysdj vcrd thrus Hkh ç;kl gks jgs gSa ;k vrhr esa gq;s gSa vf/drj ds vliQy gksus ds ihNs egRoiw.kZ dkj.k ikBdoxZ ds p;u vkSj çdkf'kr lkexzh esa tqM+ko dh deh cM+k dkj.k utj vkrk gSA (v#.k •ksVs ds iQslcqd ls )A


cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

J¼katfy

uk jguk ,d lkfgfR;d dk #

MkW- dchj dkR;k;u

fiNys nks rhu lIrkg ls og fl¼kFkZ cq¼ fogkj] jke uxj foLrkj esa gksus okyh lkIrkfgd /Ee ns'kuk esa ugh vk jgs FksA rks lglk eSa 6 tuojh 2014 dks izkr% muls feyus muds ?kj tk igqapk] rks iwNk D;ksa cq¼ fogkj esa ugha vk jgs rks lglk dgus yxs] dqN LokLF; lkFk ugha ns jgkA vkSj 10 tuojh izkr% lekpkj feyk fd lkfgfR;d lg;k=kh ekU;oj lhrkjke lg;ksxh dk 9 tuojh 2014 dh jkr 11 cts fu/u gks x;kA mlh fnu esjh lg/feZrk Jherh deys'k dk lu 2011 esa fu/Zu gqvk Fkk nksuksa gh nes vFkkZr vLFkek ls ihfM+r FksA tkus D;ksa 9 tuojh vLFkek ds ejhtksa ds fy;s ekSr dk iSxke ysdj vkrh gSaA lhrkjke lg;ksxh vLFkek ds lkFk risfnd ls Hkh ihfM+r Fks mUgsa jkf=k esa [kwuh mYVh gqbZ rks mudh lkal ykSVdj ugha vkbZA vUrr% ,d lkfgfR;d lg;k=kh dk fcNksg ge lc dks lguk iM+kA rFkkxr ds vuqlkj fiz; dk fo;ksx ,oa vfiz; dk la;ksx nksuksa gh nq[k%nk;h gSaA lalkj esa dqN Hkh fuR; ugha gSaA eu Hkkjh dj lc lguk iM+rk gS ;k ;wa dgssa fd ftlus tUe fy;k gSA vUrr% mls ,d fnu ;g lalkj NksM+dj leLr /krq dks /krqvksa esa fofyu gksuk iM+rk gSA ;gha lkoZHkkSfed lR; gSaA ;wa rks lhrkjke lg;ksxh th dks eSa lu~ 1980 ls tkurk Fkk tks esjs firk Jh fuokZ.k izkIr lgt;ksxh jke xksiky th ls ?kfu"B lca/ FkkA ftudh ,d Hktu eaMyh Fkh ftuesa Jh t; t; jke v:.k] jkevk/kj] MkW- fpajth yky ,oa lhrkjke lg;ksxh vkfn ml eaMyh esa 'kkfey FksA exj eSa mu lHkh dks vknj lfgr ns[krk ijUrq vEcsMdjoknh cqf¼LV gksus ds ukrs eSa mUgsa rcTtks ugha nsrkA dkiQh fnuksa mijkUr tc 1993 ds

vkl ikl tc mudh iRuh Jherh Ñ".kk dk fu/u gqvk rks esjs lkFk mudk ifjp; utnhdh ls c<+k ,d fnu dgus yxsA vc rks Hktu fy[kus xkus esa le; O;rhr gkssrk gSa rks eSaus dgkA tc Hktu fy[kus dk 'kkSd gSa rks dqN lkfgfR;d izkstsDV ysdj dke djksAa b/j nfyr lkfgR; ij fizVa ehfM;k esa dkiQh foe'kZ py jgk FkkA os esjs futh iqLrdky; ls iqLrdsa ys tkrs vkSj i<+dj okfil ns tkrs ftuesa vkEcsMdj }kjk fyf[kr lkfgR; gksrkA dfork ys[k] fy[kdj ykrs vkSj cM+s rUe; Hkko ls lqukrs vkSj ekf=kd nks"k crkus ij lgt Hkko ls Lohdkjrs vkSj lgh djrs D;ksa o`¼ gksrs gq;s Hkh xyrh Lohdkjuk mudh egkurk FkhA ,d fnu iqLrd dh ikaMqfyfi ^pyks f{kfrt dks vkSj* ysdj vk, vkSj dgus yxs MkW- lkgc blds fy, nks 'kCn fy[ksAa rks eSua s fy[kk ^^'kCn tc xzaFk curs gSaA** rks dgkA 'kCn tc psru 'khy euq"; dks vkUnksfyr djrs gSa rks ogh ,d&,d 'kCn dfork ds lkaps esa <y dj xzaFk cu tkrs gSaA dfork ekuo deZ n'kkZrh gSaA 'kCn deZ cu tkrk gSAa bl lkfgR;d deZ ;ksxh us fgUnh lkfgR; dks dbZ vewY; Ñfr;ka nhA nfyr lkfgR; esa vkRe dFkk ij dkiQh lokan gks jgs Fks rks eSaus dgk vkRedFkk

fy[kksA vkSj mUgksaus vkRe dFkk ^esjk xkao vkSj thou ;k=kk* fy[kh tks vkRe dFkk de laLejk.kkRed ys[k cudj jg xbZA ckn ds le; esa viuh lg/feZ.kh dh Le`fr esa ^lkFk fuHkk;k dfork us* Ñfr dks tUe fn;kA tks muds æfor ân; dh d:.k xkFkk dks O;Dr djrh gSA mUgha ds 'kCnksa esaA pyrs&pyrs chp Mxj es lkFk NksM fn;k cfork usA lkFkh ugha feyk tc dksbZ lkFk fuHkk;k dfork usAA ,d ^fo;ksxh* dks lg;ksxh vku&cuk;k dfork usA vkSj os fujUrj dkO; ,oa x| esa jpuk djus yxsA ckS¼ /eZ LFkyksa dh ;k=kk dh rks mUgksaus ^ckS¼ LFkyksa dh ;k=kk* laLej.kkRd iqLrd fy[khA vej 'kghn m/e flag ij [k.M&dkO; fy[kk ftldh Hkwfedk Hkh Lo;a ys[kd us fy[kh tks mudh ,sfrgkfld lkfgfR;d Ñfr gSa tks muds dkO; dkS'ky dks n'kkZrh gSaA lkFk gh lkFk ekuks nfyrksa dks vius bfrgkl dk nnZ Hkh bl Ñfr esa ns[kus dks feykA ohjkaxuk >ydkjh ckbZ Hkh mudh vewY; ,sfrgkfld dkO; Ñfr gSAa vkEcsMdj thou ij vk/kfjr ^yksdxhr ekyk* efgyk xk;u eMayh ds fy;s ,d mÙke Ñfr gSA


vUr esa mUgksaus ,d vewY; Ñfr ^liQyrk dh vksj* fnxHkzfer ;qokvksa ds fy;s ,d vuqie Ñfr dks tUe fn;kA blh Ñfr ds fy;s eSua s fy[kk ^cM+kas dh cM+h ckr* 'kh"kZd ds vUrZxr fdlh ckr dks bl fy;s er ekuks fd og ijEijk ls pyh vk jgh gS ;k 'kkL=kksa esa fy[kh fdlh ckr dks rc ekuks tc og rdZ U;k; foKku dh dlkSVh ij [kjh mrjrh gks rHkh og liQyrk ds lkSiku p<+rh gSA cMksa ds eq[k ls fudyh izR;sd ckr muds vuqHko dh dlkSVh ij dlh gqbZ feyrh gSA izR;sd egk iq:"k us tks Hkh dgk og vius le; dh vewY; ckr gSA tks mudk vuq'kj.k ,oa vuqikyu djsxkA og liQyrk dh vksj viuk igyk dne c<k;sxkA vkSj eafty rd igqapxkA mijksDr iqLrd orZeku le; esa tks Hkkch ih<h ds vUrZ}¼ gS] mUgsa mUgha ds }Unksa ls eqDr djkrh gSA tks mudh vafre izdkf'kr Ñfr gSaA [kkyh le; esa rk'k [ksyus dk mudk 'kkSd ;k rk'k eaMyh esa muds lsokfuo`r laxh lkFkh gksrs vkSj viuk le; fcrkrsA vkSj rk'k ds [ksy ls izHkkfor gksus ds dkj.k ^ckou iRrs* e/q'kkyk dh rtZ ij fy[khA le; fcrkus ds fy;s rk'k [ksyuk ,d vPNk lk/u gSAa o;kso¼ ` ksa ds fy;sA bl [ksy esa iSlk dk ysu&nsu cgqr cqjh ckr gSA tks ys[kd dfo Lo;a dgrk gSA lg;ks x h th js y os foHkkx ls mPpkf/dkjh ds in ls lsokfuo`r gq;As mudk cpiu dkiQh la?k"kZ iw.kZ jgkA chekjh esa foi';uk ls mudks dkiQh ykHk gqvkA vrar cq¼ ,oa ckck lkgc dh fopkj/kjk ls izHkkfor gq;sA lkfgfR;d eapkas ij mudh dfork,a ljkgh tkrhA tks mudk dkO; dkS'kyrk dk gh ifj.kke FkhA vdLekr mudk gekjs chp ls pys tkuk ,d viw.khZ; lkfgfR;d {kfr gSA rFkkxr dh f=kjRukuqdEnk muds ikjykSfdd thou esa cuh jgsA mudh Ñfr;ka tu ekul dks dqN djus] le>us dks m¼sfyr ,oa vkUnksfyr djrh jgsA ¶nfyr ys[kd la?k** muds fuokZ.k ij viuh fouze J¼ktfy vfiZr djrk gSaA

lgt deZ ds ;ksxh lhrkjke ^lg;ksxh* J¼s; lhrkjke lg;ksxh ds vkdfLed fu/u ls lewps nfyr lkfgR; dks viw.kZuh; {kfr gqbZ gSA ,d xhrdkj gksus ds ukrs esjk Hkh muls dkiQh laidZ jgkA eSus muds lkFk dbZ okj ,d eap ij dfork dj eap lk>k fd;kA muds tkus ls esjk eu Hkh æfor gks mBkA mUkds lanHkZ esa eSus dqN iafDr;ka fy[kh tks fd eSus Hkh J¼s; lhrkjke lg;ksxh th ds Ja¼katfy lHkk esa i<+h ftudks lqu dj lSdM+ksa Jksrkvksa dk eu nzfor gks mBkA gks u h cuh gks u s dks ] rks fuf'pr og gks x h] gks u h us gh Nhuk gels ] lhrkjke lg;ks x hA cMs+ lqdwu ds lkFk ftUnxh] fiz; rqeus Hkksxh] LoLFk fopkj] LokfHkyEou] eu ls jgs u jksxhA ekuk jgs u chp gekjs ] fdUrq NUn Loj] ljxee; dfork ds ] oks edjUn ge dfo;ks a es a lg;ks x h th] lnk ila n lw j tHkku vktkn vkids ] xhr cq y a n

jgs a x s ] jgs a x s A jgs a x s ] jgs a x s A

es j h J¼ka t fy rq e dks ] gs lhrkjke lg;ks x h] lkfgR; ds Fks lk/d rqe] vksj dfo deZ ds ;ksxhA Fkh [okfg'k vkils feyus dh] eq>dks ,d fnu igys] irk u Fkh fdlh dks Hkh] bl rjg dh [kcj gksxhA 'kCn lqj esa lns] lkjs e/qj eqLdku dh I;kjh] ftUnxh lknxh vkSj 'kkfUr ls] vki us HkksxhA dfo ds dj esa dye] dnZ ds leku] mRihM+ u ] 'kks " k.k] vieku] nnZ ds leku gS A tq Y e gks r k ns [ k dj Hkh] cks y rs ugha tks ] ¶vktkn¸ oks enZ Hkh ukenZ ds leku gS A jpukdkj

lwjtHkku vktkn yksuh] xkft;kckn

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

J¼katfy




cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

thouh

ONIJ5HXKNKOKUNMNHOJNV[KGNWKRXOD"NN= # MkW-jktohj

flag ^dey*

lqfo[;kr dfo ,oe~ lkfgR;dkj J¼s; lhrkjke lg;ksxh dk tUe 14 uoEcj] 1937 dks xzke vLlk] rglhy&eokuk] ftyk esjB mÙkj izns'k esa gqvk FkkA buds firk Lo0 dUgS;k yky ,oe~ ekrk Lo0 Jherh uRFkks nsoh dBksj ifjJeh ,oe~ lkfRod fopkjksa ls ifjiw.kZ FkhA bUgksaus vHkko xzLr gkykrksa dk 'kq:vkrh fnuksa esa MVdj eqdkcyk fd;kA buds ,d iq=kh iQwyorh rFkk rhu iq=k nkrkjke] lhrkjke rFkk egsUæiky flag FksA buds ekek iQwy flag Hkh vLlk xkWo esa jgdj cqudj dk dk;Z djrs FksA buds dksbZ lUrku ugha Fkh blfy, og lhrkjke th ls cgqr I;kj djrs FksA ¶esjk xkWo vkSj thou ;k=kk¸ uked Ñfr esa crkSj laLej.k J¼s; lhrkjke th crkrs gS fd jkr dks ekek th eq>s vius ikl lqykrs Fks vkSj fiQj esjh Nkrh ij vaxqfy;ksa ls v{kj fy[kdj i<+k;k djrs FksA ekek th lss gh bUgksaus diM+k cqukbZ dk dk;Z Hkh lh[kkA ckyiu esa laxfr dk izHkko vf/d izHkko 'kkyh gksrk gSaA budk ,d nksLr ftldk uke ekepUn Fkk] vius ?kj ls vukt pqjkdj ys tkrk vkSj nqdku ij cspdj [kkus dh phtsa [kkrkA lkFkh gksus ds dkj.k lg;ksxh th muls izHkkfor gksdj ek¡ ds lks tkus ij ?kj ls vukt ysdj tSls gh pys rks ek¡ dh vka[ks [kqy xbZ vkSj mudh pksjh idM+h xbZA blh izdkj ,d okj og vius nwljs nksLr jkew dh lksHkr ls izHkkfor gksdj bUgksaus ek¡ ls iSls ekaxus dh ftn djus yxsA iSls dh raxh FkhA ek¡ us cgqr le>k;k ij dqN vlj uk gqvkA tc ns[kk fd ek¡ iSls ugha ns jgh gS rks bUgksaus viuh ftn dks euokus gsrq ,d eksVh ydM+h vius gh flj esa ns ekjhA flj ls [kwu fjlus yxkA ek¡ ?kcjk;h vkSj vius HkkbZ iQwy flag dks cqykdj lkjh ckras crk;haA lhrkjke th us lkspk vc ftn iwjh gks tk;sxhA ysfdu ekek iQwy flag us l[r ygts esa dgk fd ^^bldks flj iQksMu+ s nsA ,d fnu vius vki vdy tk tk;sxhA ekek th dh iQVdkj us buds xyr jkLrs ij tkrs dneksa dks jksdkA

J¼s; lhrkjke th vius ?kj dh xjhch dk ekfeZd fp=k.k djrs gq, fy[krs gS&& ek¡ dks nw/ ugha mrjrk FkkA ysfdu esjk NksVk HkkbZ egsUæ iky nw/ ihus dh ftn djrk] rks ek¡ mls viQhe f[kykdj taxy esa dke djus pyh tkrh vkSj cspkjk HkkbZ viQhe ds u'ks esa csgks'k iM+k jgrkA ,sls vHkko xzLr gkykrksa esa ridj lg;ksxh th dk O;fDrRo ifjiDo gqvkA bldh izkFkfed f'k{kk xk¡o ds gh izkbejh Ldwy esa gqbZA i<+kbZ esa vCoy gksus dkj.k budks xq:vksa dk Lusg] rFkk d{kk esa ekuhVj cudj usr`Ro djus dk Hkh lqvolj feykA nfyr gksus dk na'k budks ml le; >syuk iM+k tc d{kk pkj esa i<+rs FksA Ldwy ls ykSVrs le; bUgksua s ns[kk fd pkSiky ij dqEgkj dk yM+dk cytksj flag gkjeksfu;e ctkrs gq, xkuk xk jgk gSA ;s crkrs gS fd eSa ogk¡ij x;k vkSj pkj ikbZ dh nkou ij cSBdj xkuk lquus yxk] rks mUgas viekfur djrs gq, tehu ij cSBus dks dgk x;kA og LokfHkekuh O;fDr FksA mUgksaus tehu ij uk cSBdj [kM+k gksdj lquuk gh equkflc le>kA vUr esa mUgksaus Hkh ,d xhr lquk;k tks bl izdkj FkkA {kf=k;ksa us {k=kkiu R;kxk] mQ¡p vkSj uhp c[kkuk] dek ds [kkuk NksM+ fn;k] vkSj ywV&ywV ds [kkuk] pksjh esa ftlus xqtj djh] djds mQ¡p&uhp dk [;kyAA budh bl dkO; Ñfr izfrfØ;k us mQ¡ph

tkr gksus dk nEHk Hkjus okyks dks pkSd a k fn;kA d{kk ikap ikl djus ds ckn xjhch ds dkj.k buds firkth us vkxs i<+kus ds fy;s euk dj fn;kA rc ekek th us mnkjrk dk ifjp; nsrs gq, lhrkjke th dks d{kk N% esa uo thou twfu;j gkbZ Ldwy cglwek esa nkf[kyk fnyk fn;kA 1953 eas tc ;s vkBoha d{kk esa i<+ jgs Fks] rc budk fookg ekSgEeniqj ds f?kLlu flag dh iq=kh fd'ku nsbZ ds lkFk gqvkA 1955 esa lg;ksxh th nloha d{kk mÙkh.kZ dhA og vkxs vkSj i<+uk pkgrs Fks] ijUrq ?kj ds rax vkfFkZd gkykr mudh vkxs dh i<k;h esa ck/k cuha gq;h FkhA bl leL;k ls futkr ikus ds fy, bUgksaus 20 :- eghuk vkfFkZd enn~ bl 'krZ ij yh fd tc mUgsa othiQk feysxk] rks og ;g jkf'k ykSVk nsxsaA ,aXyks laLÑr bUVj dkyst] eokuk esa X;kjgoha d{kk esa nkf[kyk fy;k vkSj cksfMZax gkmQl esa jgdj i<+kbZ dhA lkfgR; l`tu esa [kklh :fp gksus ds dkj.k buds lkjs nksLr bUgsa 'kkL=kh th dgdj cqykrs FksA buds fe=k eksrhjke vxzoky vkj-,l-,l- ds lnL; Fks] ;s Hkh lnL; cuuk pkgrs Fks] ijUrq uSdj vkSj deht uk gksus dkj.k lnL; ugha cu ldsA 19 fnlEcj]1956 esa vki Mh-Vh-,lvkfiQl iwoksZÙkj jsyos xkSaMk esa fu;qDr gq,A viuh vkfFkZd raxh gkykr dk ftØ djrs gq, og crkrs gSa fd ,d okj xkSa.Mk tkus ds fy, fdjk;s gsrq mUgksaus viuh iRuh ds iktsc csp


fn;s rFkk eksrh jke vxzoky ls LosVj vkfn fy;kA 1 tqykbZ 1958 dks iq=kh mQ"kk fdj.k dk tUe gqvkA mlh oDr Mkd foHkkx esa mudh fu;qfDr crkSj VsyhiQksu vkijsVj ds in ij gqbZA blds fy, mUgsa Vsªfuax gsrq :M+dh tkuk iM+k ijUrq [kpZ vf/d gksus ds dkj.k];gka og ukSdjh dj u ldsA blfy, og xkaSMk eas jsyos esa viuh iqjkuh ukSdjh ij iqu% ykSV vk;sA ?kjsyw lkl cgw ds >xM+ksa ls lhrk jke lg;ksxh th dks ?kj ykSVus ij nks pkj gksuk iM+rk FkkA lg;ksxh crkrs gSa fd lkl cgq ds chp epus okys egkHkkjr esa mudh fLFkfr vthcks&xjhc gksrh FkhA mUgsa ;g ugha lw>rk Fkk fd og fdl dk i{k ysaA D;ksafd ,d vkn'kZ csVk gksus ds ukrs ek¡ eq> ij viuk vf/dkj le>rh vkSj ,d vkn'kZ ifr gksus ds ukrs iRuh viukA bl izdkj lkl&cgw esa okd~&;q¼ gksrk jgrkA bldk ewy dkj.k Fkk lg;ksxh th dk vfr n;uh; vkfFkZd gkykr gksuk vkSj iRuh dk ihgj vehj ?kjkuk gkukA ek¡ fdiQk;r dh ckr djrh rks iRuh [kpZ dhA ,d jkr og fujk'k gksdj ?kj NksM+dj vdsys taxy esa pys tk jgs FksA djhc jkr ds 1 cts dqN cnek'kksa us mUgsa ?ksj fy;kA mUgsa Mjk;k vkSj tc mUgksaus vius gkykr c;ka fd;s rks mUgksaus le>k;k fd leL;k ls nwj Hkkxuk dk;jrk gSA cgknqj cuks ftUnxh ds la?k"kks± dk lkeuk djksA ;gha ls mUgsa lkgl feyk vkSj os ?kj ykSV vk;sA tc mUgsa foHkkx esa vU; deZpkfj;ksa dks onhZ forj.k dk dk;Z feykA rks dqN yksxksa us mUgas iQ¡lkus ds fy;s LVksj:e esa pksjh djok nhA fjiksVZ gqbZ tkap ds okn pkSdhnkj dks dlwjokj Bgjk;k x;kA jkt [kqyus ij vlyh eqtfje idMs x;sA lu 1960 esa iq=k jfo'kadj rFkk 1962 esa fotsUæ dqekj dk tUe gqvkA 1964 esa xkSaMk ls mÙkj jsyos ds iz/ku dk;kZy; cM+kSnk gkml ubZ fnYyh mudk LFkkukUrj.k gqvkA 1964 iq=kh vk'kk jkuh dk] 1967 esa iq=k nsoUs æ dqekj dk] 1974 esa iq=kh mQ"kk fdj.k cM+kSnk gkmQl mÙkj jsyos esa fyfid ds in ij fu;qDr gqbZA 1974 esa lhrkjke lg;ksxh th us ,y-vkj-dkyst lkfgckokn ls ch-,- dh ijh{kk mÙkh.kZ dhA vkSj 1974 esa gh iq=kh

vuhrk dk tUe gqvk rFkk blh o"kZ esa gh og voj fyfid in ij izksUur gq,A 1978 esa mUgksaus dkfeZd fujh{kd dh foHkkxh; ijh{kk mÙkh.kZ dh vkSj 1982 esa eq[; dkfeZd fujh{kd cusA 1986 esa lgk;d dkfeZd vf/ dkjh ds in ij ljkstuh uxj esa fu;qDr gq,A 1987 esa iq=k fotsUæ dqekj dstqvy MªkbZoj ds in ij tkyU/j fu;qDr gqvkA 1993 og mRrj jsyos bUdok;jh vkfiQlj fotySl in ij izksUur gq, vkSj 30 uoEcj 1995 dks ;s lsokeqDr gq,A budh iRuh fd'ku nsbZ {k; jksx ls ihfMr FkhA vc og T;knk chekj jgus yxhaA MkDVjh tkap djus ij mUgsa dSalj fudykA 8 twu 1993 dks budk nsgkUr gks x;kA thou lkFkh ds foNqM+us dk fo;ksx lhrkjke th ij gkoh gks x;kA og cqjh rjg ls VwV x;sA ,d ds ckn ,d vkink buds ifjokj ij dgj cjlkus yxhaA 7 fnlEcj 1994 dks lM+d nq?kZVuk esa budh iq=kh vuhrk dky dh xksn esa lek x;haA iq=kh ds tkus dk nq[k ,d Hka;dj =kklnh ds :i esa bu ij gkoh gksrk tk jgk FkkA 11 fnu okn vFkkZr 18 fnlEcj iq=kh vuhrk dh fnoaxr vkREkk dks ije 'kfUr gsrq ifj=kk.k ikB fd;k tk jgk FkkA mlh le; buds iq=k jfoUæ dqekj dh e`R;q ân; xfr :dus ds dkj.k gks xbZA igys iRuh] iq=kh vkSj fiQj iq=k dh e`R;q us lhrkjke ds thou esa Hkwpky yk fn;kA pkjks vksj vU/sjk vkSj fujk'kk dk vkye FkkA eu gh eu d:.k ØUnuA ftl vkneh us vle; rhu&rhu vkReh;tuksa dh e`R;q dks >syk gks mlds vUreZu dh osnuk dk Fkkg ik ysuk lEHko ugha gSA ljdkjh lsok ls fuo`fÙk vkSj fiz;tuksa dh e`R;q us budks ,dkadh cuk fn;kA uhjlrk dk ?kuk dksgjk pkjks vksj ls bUgsa ?ksjk cukdj ?ksjrk FkkA Jh t; jke v:.k iky vkSj MkWcztiky flag lUr us /hjs&/hjs buds vUreZu dh ihM+k dks NkaVus dk dk;Z fd;kA budh dfork lquuk vkSj fy[kus ds fy, izsfjr djuk] buds fy, iquZtUe lk fl¼ gqvkA buds O;fDrRo esa ,d ifjoDd lkfgR;dkj Fkk] tks fo;ksx ihM+k ls ngd jgk FkkA fujk'kk ls vk'kk dh vksj vkrs gh lg;ksxh th dh dye dkO; :i dfoRr jl dh o"kkZ djus yxhA

,d ds ckn ,d mUgksausa dbZ x| ,oa i| jpukvksa dks tUe fn;k tks fd bl izdkj gSAa 1-pyks f{kfrt dh vksj (dfork laxzg)] 2-esjk xkao vkSj thou ;k=kk (thouh)] 3-'kghn m|e flag ([k.M dkO;)] 4-ckS¼ LFkyksa dh ;k=kk (;k=kk o.kZu )] 5-ckou iRrs (i|)] 6-yksd xhr ekyk(yksd xhr)] 7-lkFk fuHkk;k dfork us (dfork laxzg)] 8-liQyrk dh vksj (x|)] 9-ohjkaxuk >ydkjh ckbZ (i|) vius fiz;tuksa ds fo;ksx dh ihM+k esa vk'kk dk lapkj djus ,oa thou dks vkuUne; cukus gsrq mUgksua s ?kj ij rk'k ØhM+k Dyc cuk;k ftlesa lHkh c;ksc`¼ lnL; FksA vius euksjt a u djus ds lkFk&lkFk gh vuqHko ckaVus ,oa LoLFk ppkZ djuk gh bl rk'k Dyc dk ,d ek=k mís'; FkkA ,d ifjoDd lkfgR;dkj ds fy, vko';d gks tkrk gS fd og Hkze.k djds vuqHkoksa dk laxzg fd;sA blh mís'; dh iwfrZ gsrq mUgksaus dU;kdqekjh mQaVh]eSlwj] caxykSj] ekmUVvkcw] txUukFkiqjh] lkseukFk vkfn dk Hkze.k fd;kA ckS¼/eZ ds izpkj izlkj gsrq yksdxhrksa dh jpuk o mudks ek/q;Zrkiw.kZ Loj nsuk budk vge y{; jgkA Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk 'kkgnjk {ks=k ds lkaLÑfrd lfpo] fgUnh lkfgR; egkeuk e.My ds vè;{k jgdj uoksfnr dkO; izsfe;ksa dk lfgR;d mtkZ iznku dhA fgUnh vdkneh o vU; cMs&cMs eapksa ls dkO; ikB djds lerk lejlrk tkfr eqDr lekt o jk"Vªisze dh Hkkouk dk lapkj fd;kA 10 tuojh izkr% lekpkj feyk fd J¼s; lhrkjke lg;ksxh dk 9 tuojh 2014 dh jkr 11 cts fu/u gks x;kA 10 tuojh 2014 dks muds ikfFkZo 'kjhj dks iaprRo esa foyhu dj fn;k x;kA lkfgR; lg;k=kh J¼s; lhrkjke lg;ksxh dh vafre ;k=kk esa lSdM+ksa yksx lfEefyr gq,A ,sls lektfiz; O;fDrRo ds ifjfuo`r gksus ls lkjs lekt dks viw.kZuh; {kfr gqbZ gSA vkt leLr lekt ,sls lkfgR;euh"kh dks vJqiw.kZ J¼katfy nsrs gq, mudks 'kr&'kr ueu djrk gSA J¼s; lg;ksxh th dh lekt dks lefiZr jpuk,a leLr lekt dk ekxZn'kZu djsaxhA

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

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cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

lekftd U;k;

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A

U;wure etnwjh vfèkfu;e 1948 ds vuqlkj U;wure etnwjh dk Hkqxrku u djus] Jfed vfèkdkjksa] fu;eksa dk mYy?ku djus ij mu fu;kstd iQSDVªh laLFkkuksa ds ekfyd dks 6 eghus dh ltk gks ldrh gS vFkok tqekZuk ;s nksuksa ltk,a fo'ks"k ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ,d lkFk Hkh nh tk ldrh gSA

#

fou; dqekj xkSre

ubZ fnYyh] vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd vfèkdkj vkUnksyu ds dsUnzh; la;kstd vk'kk jke xkSre us fnYyh ds 70 yk[k vlxafBr {ks=k esa dk;Zjr etnwjksa ds 'kks"k.k ,oa Hkz"Vkpkj dks ysdj fnYyh ds eq[;ea=kh Jh vjfoan dstjhoky dks fyf[kr tkudkjh nh gSA eq[;ea=kh dks fn, i=k esa Jh xkSre us dgk gS fd ns'k dh jktèkkuh fnYyh esa ljdkjksa us vktknh ds 66 o"kksZa ds ckn Hkh Bksl vkfFkZd uhfr csjkstxkjh nwj djus ds fy, ugha cukbZA ftlls Hkkjr ds xkaoksa ls pydj fnYyh esa yk[kksa dh la[;k esa vlaxfBr {ks=k

ds etnwj jksth&jkstxkj ds fy, fnYyh esa vkdj ykpkjh ,oa xqykeh dh ftanxh th jgs gSA jktèkkuh fnYyh esa yxHkx 70 yk[k vlaxfBr {ks=k ds Jfed dke djrs gSA ;s gh Jfed efgyk ,oa iq:"k fnYyh ds vlyh ernkrk gSA tks ikap o"kksZa ds fy, viuh fdLer dh ljdkj cukrs gS fd 'kk;n! vkus okyh ljdkj buds gd&vfèkdkjksa dks fnyk,xh fdUrq ljdkj dh Hkz"V uhfr;ksa ds dkj.k fnYyh ds 70 yk[k vlaxfBr {ks=k ds etnwj vkt Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj ,oa 'kks"k.k ds f'kdkj gSA jktèkkuh fnYyh esa py jgh NksVh&cM+h iQSDVªh;ksa] dkj[kkuksa] lkoZtfud] izfr"Bkuksa]

m|ksxksa] gksVyksa] nqdkuksa ds vykok fjgk;'kh xyh eksgYyksa esa py jgs m|ksxksa rFkk dksBh] caxyksa esa dke dj jgh efgykvksa] iq:"kksa ftudh tula[;k yxHkx 70 yk[k gS] mUgsa ljdkj }kjk fuèkkZfjr U;wure osru ugha feyrk gS muds lkFk Hkz"Vkpkj [kqyk HksnHkko rks gksrk gS] lkFk gh ekSfyd vfèkdkjksa ls oafpr fd;k tkrk jgk gSA fnYyh ljdkj ds Je ea=kky; }kjk tkjh fnYyh ds vlaxfBr {ks=k ds vdq'ky Jfedksa dks 8086 :i;s izfr ekg ;k 311 :Ik;s izfrfnu] vèkZdq'ky Jfedksa dk U;wure etnwjh nj 8918 :i;s izfr ekg ;k 343 :i;s izfrfnu] dq'ky Jfedksa ds


fy, 9802 :i;s izfrekg ;k 377 :i;s izfrfnu] uku esSfVªd ds fy, 8918 :i;s izfrekg ;k 343 :i;s izfrfnu] eSfVªd ;k xSj Lukrd vèkZd'q ky Jfedksa ds fy, 9802 :i;s izfrekg ;k 377 :i;s izfrfnu] Lukrd Jfedksa ds fy, 10686 :Ik;s izfrekg ;k 411 :Ik;s izfrfnu fnYyh ljdkj ds Je foHkkx }kjk fnYyh ds Jfedksa ds fy, U;wure etnwjh dh njsa fuèkkZfjr dh xbZ gSaA [ksn ds lkFk dguk iM+ jgk gS fd fnYyh ljdkj ds Je foHkkx dh vfèklwpuk U;wure osru dkuwu ljdkjh iQkbyksa ,oa foKkiuksa esa fleV dj gh jg x;k gSaA vlaxfBr {ks=k ds etnwjksa dks fnYyh esa 12 ls 16 ?k.Vs rd dM++h esgur djus ds ckotwn Hkh ljdkj }kjk fuèkkZfjr U;wure osru ugha fn;k tkrk gS] tcfd fnYyh ljdkj us tqykbZ 2005 dks U;wure etnwjh fnykus ds fy, eaMyk;qDr ds vè;{krk esa ,d VkLd iQkslZ dk xBu Hkh fd;k FkkA bl VkLd iQkslZ us fnYyh ds lHkh ftyksa ds mik;qDr] vfrfjDr iqfyl vk;qDr vijkèk ,oa fnYyh ds la;qDr Je vk;qDr lfgr dqN izeq[k laxBuksa dks euksuhr fd;k x;k FkkA ;g vkns'k Hkh iQkbZyksa esa ncdj jg x;kA tkudkjh ds eqrkfcd fnYyh ds izeq[k vkS|ksfxd {ks=kksa vkuan ioZr] eaxksyiqjh] othjiqj] cknyh] 'kkgnjk] djkSy ckx lfgr fnYyh ds leLr cktkjksa] dkyksfu;ksa vkfn esa dgha Hkh iq:"k ,oa efgyk etnwjksa dks fdlh Hkh {ks=k esa ljdkj }kjk fuèkkZfjr U;wure osru ugha feyrk gSA fu;ksDrkvksa }kjk iQthZ ys[kk&tks[kk cukdj etnwjksa dk [kqyk 'kks"k.k ,oa Hkz"Vkpkj fd;k tkrk gSA ek=k 3000 :i;s ls 4000 :i;s eghuk Jfedksa dks osru dk Hkqxrku fd;k tkrk gSA U;wure osru ekaxus ij etnwjksa dks tcju vFkok vkjksi yxkdj dke ls fudky fn;k tkrk gSA blds vykok lkekftd lqj{kk ,oa vU; ekSfyd vfèkdkjksa ls oafpr fd;k tk jgk gS] tcfd ljdkj us ftl mn~n's ; dks ysdj VkWLd iQkslZ dk xBu fd;k Fkk mldk dksbZ Hkh urhtk vkt rd ugha fudyk gSA ns[kus

esa vk;k gS fd fnYyh esa etnwj fgrksa ds fy, cuk, x, dkuwuksa dks Hkz"Vkpkj ds pyrs ljdkj ,oa ljdkjh ra=k vkt rd ykxw djkus esa foiQy jgk gSA ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; esa vius dbZ egRoiw.kZ iQSlyksa esa dgk gS fd ^^U;wure etnwjh dk eryc dsoy thou ewyHkwr vko';drkvksa dk iwjk gks tkuk gh ugha gS vFkok dsoy Hkq[kejh ls Åij mBdj lkal ysuk Hkh ugha gS] fdUrq U;wure etnwjh ,slh gksuh pkfg, tks dsoy etnwj o mlds ifjokj dk fuoZgu gh u djas vfirq ,d dkexkj ds :i esa dk;Z djus dh dq'kyrk dh j{kk djsaA blesa mldh fpfdRldh; vko';drk i;kZIr foJke vkSj thou dk ,d lEekutud Lrj Hkh lfEefyr fd;k tk;sAa ** mPpre U;k;ky; us ;g Hkh fuèkkZfjr fd;k fd etnwjksa dks ^U;wure etnwjh vfèkfu;e &1948* ds vUrxZr dkuwuh U;wure etnwjh dk uk feyuk lafoèkku ds vuqPNsn 23 esa fn, x, ewy vfèkdkj dk vfrØe.k gSA ;g vuqPNsn O;fDr dks uk dsoy jkT; fdarq mu ukxfjdksa ls Hkh lajf{kr djus ds fy, cuk;k x;k gS tks euq";ksa dk O;kikj djrs gSa rFkk csxkj ,oa vU; rjg ds cykJe djokrs gSaA U;k;ky; xfjek dks lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, gS vkSj ;fn Jfedksa ds dY;k.kdkjh foèkkuksa ds micaèkksa ds vUrxZr izkIr vfèkdkjksa ,oa lqfoèkkvksa ls oafpr jgs rks ;g lafoèkku ds vuqPNsn 21 dk vfrØe.k gksxkA U;wure etnwjh vfèkfu;e 1948 ds vuqlkj U;wure etnwjh dk Hkqxrku u djus] Jfed vfèkdkjksa] fu;eksa dk mYy?ku djus ij mu fu;kstd iQSDVªh laLFkkuksa ds ekfyd dks 6 eghus dh ltk gks ldrh gS vFkok tqekZuk ;s nksuksa ltk,a fo'ks"k ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ,d lkFk Hkh nh tk ldrh gSA fnYyh ds etnwjksa ds U;wure osru dks ysdj Hkkjr dh laln jkT;lHkk esa rRdkyhu lkaln PkkS- pqUuhyky ds }kjk 30 uoEcj] 2000 dks Hkkjr dh laln jkT; lHkk esa iz'u la[;k 161 ds }kjk loky fd;k Fkk fd fnYyh esa 70 yk[k vlaxfBr {ks=k ds etnwj

gSaA mudh leL;kvksa ds fy, ljdkj D;k dj jgh gS \ vkSj fnYyh esa etnwjksa ds fy, fnYyh ljdkj us tks dkuwu cuk;k gS og dkuwu Hkh csvlj gks x;k gS] vlaxfBr {ks=k ds etnwjksa dk 'kks"k.k gks jgk gSA blds fy, ljdkj D;k dj jgh gS\ jkT; lHkk esa mBk, x, iz'u la[;k 161 ds mŸkj esa rRdkyhu dsUnzh; Je ea=kh MkW0 lR;ukjk;.k tfV;k us izèkkuea=kh dh ekStqnxh eas 55 feuV dh [kqyh cgl esa x.kekU; laln lnL;ksa ,oa jkT;lHkk ds lHkkifr dks crk;k Fkk fd 1991 dh tula[;k dh x.kuk ds vuqlkj og 29]64]804 gS&tks dqN Jecy ;gka fnYyh esa dk;Zjr gSaA budh vkfFkZd tux.kuk&tks r`rh; vkfFkZd tux.kuk 1996 es gqbZ mlesa tks dqy Jecy ds vkadM+s essjs ikl miyCèk gSa os 33]85]200 ds gSa vkSj blh izdkj ls tks los{Z k.k fd;k x;kA blesa vyx&vyx izdkj ds tks dke gSa esjs ikl mudk Hkh czsdvi gSA fuekZ.k] ejEer esa tks yxs gq, gSaA 22]290 gSA mRiknu ,oa ejEer dk;Z esa yxs gq, 14]40]076 gSaA [kqnjk O;kikj esa 53]883 yxs gq, gSaA lkekftd ,oa ijluy ,fDVfoVh tks gSa muesa 6]22]454 gSa vkSj ckdh ds tks gkse csLM odZlZ gSa] tks ?kjksa esa dke djrs gSa budh la[;k 9]22]934 gSA fnYyh esa vlaxfBr {ks=k ds fnYyh dh etnwjh la[;k esa O;kid c<+ksRrjh gqbZ gSA fnYyh esa Jfedksa dks U;wure osru dkuwu dks vey esa ykus ds iz;kl fd;s tk,axsA Jh xkSre us crk;k gS fd foxr o"kksZa esa etnwjksa ds fgrksa dks ysdj fnYyh ljdkj dh vksj ls dksbZ Bksl dkjxj dne ugh mBk;k x;k gSA fnYyh ds 70 yk[k vlaxfBr {ks=k ds etnwjksa dks 'kks"k.k ,oa Hkz"Vkpkj ls futkr fnykus ds fy, dbZ lekpkj i=k&if=kdkvksa us ljdkj dk è;kukdf"kZr fd;k gS fadarq fnYyh esa etnwjksa] 'kksf"krksa dk 'kks"k.k ,oa Hkz"Vkpkj cnLrwj tkjh gSA bl lanHkZ esa ge fnYyh dh ^vki ljdkj* dks etnwjksa ds fgrksa dks ysdj mudh leL;kvksa ds lekèkku gsrq ^12 lw=kh; dk;Zokgh ;kstuk* (Plan of Action) izsf"kr djuk pkgsxsaA

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

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cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

lekftd U;k;

fnYyh esa vlaxfBr {ks=k ds 70 yk[k etnwjksa ds vf/dkjksa] leL;kvksa ,oa U;wure etnwjh vf/kfu;e 1948 dks vey esa ykus gsrq ^dk;Zokgh ;kstuk* 1- fnYyh esa Je dkuwuks ds rgr U;wure osru u nsus okyksa fu;ksDrkvksa ds f[kykiQ etnwjksa dh ,iQ-vkbZ -vkj- iqfyl Fkkuksa esa ntZ djkus rFkk dkuwuh dk;ZOkkgh dk;Zokgh dk izkoèkku fd;k tk,A D;ksafd fnYyh dk Je foHkkx etnwj dkuwuksa dks ykxw djkus esa ukdke lkfcr gks jgk gSA 2- fnYyh jkT; ds vUrxZr dk;Zjr etnwjksa dk 'kks"k.k djus] ljdkj }kjk fuèkkZfjr etnwjh uk nsus] iQthZ fjdkMZ cukus okys Hkz"V izkbZosV laLFkkuksa] fu;ksDrkvksa ds f[kykiQ iqfyl }kjk fxjĂ?rkjh o n.M dh O;oLFkk gks vFkok ^Hkz"Vkpkj vfèkfu;e* ;k Hkkjrh; naM lafgrk ds vUrxZr vijkfèkd eqdn~nesa ntZ fd, tkus dh izfĂ&#x2DC;;k cukbZ tk;sA 3- fnYyh jkT; ds vUrxZr izR;sd etnwj dks deZpkjh Hkfo"; fufèk (bZ,lvkbZ½ jftLVÂŞs'ku ,oa esfMdy lgk;rk dkMZ cukus dh vfuok;Z ;kstuk cukbZ tk,A D;ksafd vfèkdka'k iQSDVÂŞh ekfydksa }kjk etnwjksa ds bZ,lvkbZ ,oa esfMdy lgk;rk dkMZ ugh cuok, tkrs gSaA nq?kZVuk ds le; etnwj {kfriwfrZ&eqvkotk ,oa bZykt ls oafpr gks tkrk gSA 4- fnYyh jkT; ds vUrxZr Je vnkyrksa esa dbZ&dbZ o"kksZa ls T;knk le; ls etnwjksa ds gtkjksa fookn (eqdn~nesa) fopkjkèkhu iM+s gSaA mudks ^U;k;kf;d ihBklhu* vfèkdkfj;ksa dh la[;k c<+kdj tYn fuiVkjk djk;k tk,A 5- etnwj fooknksa&eqdn~neksa ds iQSlys&fuiVku dh r;lhek 365 fnu (,d lky½ ds vanj fuèkkZfjr dh tk,A D;ksafd U;k;ky; esa feyh nsjh ds dkj.k ihfM+r etnwj csjkstxkjh dh ekj ds vkxs ?kqV&?kqVdj ej tkrk gS vkSj ifjokj dh n'kk n;uh; gks tkrh gSA 6- fnYyh esa etnwjksa dks jk'ku dkMZ dh rtZ ij ^yscj dkMZ*] igpku i=k Je foHkkx }kjk etnwjksa ds dk;ZLFky (m|ksx&laLFkkuksa½ ds irs ij cuk, tk,saA yscj dkMZ ds ekè;e ls gh mfpr nj ij [kk| lkexzh miyCèk djokbZ tk,A D;ksafd fnYyh esa 50 izfr'kr Jfedksa ds jk'ku dkMZ ugh gSA ftldk eq[; dkj.k etnwjksa dk viuk futh vkokl dk u gksuk gSA 7- fnYyh jkT; ds vUrxZr izR;sd vkS|ksfxd {ks=k esa ^yscj mfpr nj jk'ku nqdkuksa* dh LFkkiuk dh tk,A 8- fnYyh ds izR;sd vkS|ksfxd {ks=kksa ,oa izeq[k cktkjksa esa fngkM+h etnwjksa ds fy, jkr dks Bgjus ,oa lksus ds fy, jSu clsjksa dk i;kZIr fuekZ.k fd;k tk,A D;ksafd ns[kk x;k gS fd gtkjksa etnwj fnYyh es vkt Hkh lM+d dh iVfj;ksa ij lksrs gSaA 9- fnYyh dh izR;sd foèkkulHkk {ks=k esa etnwjksa ds dY;k.k gsrq ^yscj dk;kZy;* [kksys tk, tgka ij rRdky etnwj viuk jftLVÂŞ's ku] igpku i=k] yscj dkMZ vkfn cuok lds vkSj etnwjksa dh f'kdk;r ds fy, Vksy&iQzh gSYiykbu uEcj 'kq: fd;k tk,A 10- fnYyh jkT; ds vUrxZr izkbZosV laLFkkuksa] m|ksxksa esa dk;Zjr etnwjksa ds vkokl jgus dh O;oLFkk vkS|ksfxd laLFkkuksa ds ekfydksa }kjk r; dh tk,A ;fn etnwjksa ds jgus dh O;oLFkk laLFkku }kjk ugh dh tkrh rks etnwjksa ds jgus dk ^U;wure vkoklh; HkRrk* fn;s tkus dk fu;e@dkuwu cuk;k tk,A 11- fnYyh jkT; ds vUrxZr m|ksx laLFkkuksa esa dk;Zjr efgyk ,oa iq:"k etnwj dfeZ;a ksa esa fyaxHksn uk dj leku U;wure osru fnyk;k tk,A D;ksafd ns[kk x;k gS fd efgyk etnwj dfeZ;ksa ds lkFk [kqyk HksnHkko gksrk gS vkSj mUgsa iq:"k etnwjksa dh vis{kk de osru fn;k tkrk gSA 12- fnYyh esa vlaxfBr {ks=k ds 70 yk[k etnwjksa ds dY;k.k ds fy,] ^dk;ZOkkgh ;kstuk* dks lgh :i ls ykxw djokus o lja{k.k iznku djus ds fy, izR;sd okMZ esa ^yscj lykgdkj* fu;qDr fd, tk,aA vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd vfèkdkj vkUnksyu ds dsUnzh; la;kstd vk'kkjke xkSre us fnYyh dh ^vki ljdkj* ls vuqjksèk ds lkFk Lej.k djk;k gS fd fnYyh foèkkulHkk pquko&2013 ds ^ladYi i=k* ds vuqlkj mijksDr etnwj leL;kvksa dks è;ku esa j[krs gq, ^dk;Zokgh ;kstuk* ij mfpr vfoyEc dk;Zokgh djds jktèkkuh fnYyh ds yxHkx 70 yk[k vlaxfBr {ks=k ds etnwjksa ds 'kks"k.k ,oa Hkz"Vkpkj ij vadq'k yxkus ,oa U;wure osru dkuwu dks l[rh ls vey djkus dk d"V djsAa vU;Fkk fnYyh ftls ns'k dk fny dgk tkrk gS] fnYyh ds fny dk fuekZ.k djus okyk fnYyh dk etnwj gh Hkz"Vkpkj ,oa 'kks"k.k dh pDdh esa fildj feV tk,xk rks ns'k dgak cp ik,xk \ Kkiu&i=k dh izfr fnYyh ljdkj ds Je ea=kh fxjh'k lksuh ,oa vke vkneh ikVhZ ds f'k[kj usrk Jh ;ksxsUnz ;kno dks Hkh Hksth xbZ gSA ys[kd vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd vfèkdkj vkUnksyu ls ds dsUĂŚh; la;kstd gSaA


O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk Lo:Ik rFkk pqukSfr;kWa #

MkW-mn;ohj flag

vkt dh f'k{kk iz.kkyh vHkh Hkh og gS] ftldh cqfu;kn ykMZ eSdkys us ,d Lis'ky oxZ ds fy;s Mkyh FkhA gkykafd vktknh ds ckn ls vc rd f'k{kk uhfr;ksa ds vfrfjDr fdruh gh lfefr;k¡ vkSj f'k{kk vk;ksx O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ds lqèkkj gsrq viuh fjiksVZ ns pqds gSa ftuls dk;Z ;kstuk dks ns'k dh vko';d ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vuqdy w lQyrk Hkh feyh gS]ijUrq O;kolkf;d f'k{kk iwjh rjg O;kogkfjd ugha cu ik jgh gS vkt Hkh Ldwy dkfyt dsoy fdrkch Kku rd lhfer gks x, gSAa vkt pkjksa vksj lkekU; f'k{k.k LkaLFkkuksa dh Hkjekj gSA ifCyd Ldwyksa dh rks ck<+ lh vk;h gSA gkyr ;g gS fd pijklh] vfèkdfkj;ksa rFkk usrkvksa rd ds cPps mu Ldwyksa esa izos'k ds fy, èkDds [kk jgs gSa tgkWa if'peh ns'kksa dh Mzsl RkFkk vxzsth Hkk"kk ds fcuk izos'k ugh feyrkA ,sls esa fgUnh ekè;e ls vFkok Hkkjrh; LFkkuh; Hkk"kkvksa ds ekè;e ls O;kolkf;d f'k{kk iznku djuk cgqr cMh pqukSrh gSA f'k{kk dks O;kolk;ijd gksuk pkfg,A ftl O;fDr dks thou esa O;kolkf;d #i esa tks is'kk viukuk gS] mldk mls izkjEHk ls gh izf'k{k.k fn;k tkuk ,d cMh pqukSrh gS A ekè;fed rFkk mPp f'k{kk esa Nk=kksa dh O;kolkf;d dq'kyrk] vfHk:fp rFkk {kerkvksa dks igpkudj fdlh O;olk; ds fy, rS;kj djuk O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh lcls cMh pqukSrh gS A ns'k dh ,drk] ewY;ksa o vfHk:fp;ksa ds izfr yxko] èkeZfujis{krk] oSKkfud rFkk uSfrd ewY;ksa dk vuqikyu djus esa Hkh O;kolkf;d f'k{kk vusd pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM jgk gS A viuh feyh tqyh laLdzfr dh fojklr rFkk vktkn Hkkjr dh miyfC?k;ksa dks tkuus ds lkFk&lkFk Jelkè; rFkk lkekftd Hkkxhnkjh ds fy;s ;qok ih<h dh izfrCknèkrk ij tksj nsus rFkk è;ku nsus ds izfr O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ds ;qx es vfèkd tkx:drk dh vko';drk pqukSfr;ksa ds :Ik esa ifjyf{kr gksrh gSA blds vykok ewY;kadu izfd;k rFkk ijh{kk esa lqèkkj lEcaèkh O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k

dh xquoRrk lEcaèkh rduhdh vkSj izcaèku f'k{kk ds chp leUo; lEcaèkh vusd pqufS r;kWa ifjyf{kr gksrh gaSA vf[ky Hkkjrh; rduhdh f'k{kk ifj"kn dks fofèkd vfèkdkj iznku fd;s tk;s rkfd O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk fu;kstu O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ds Lrjksa rFkk eku n.Mksa dks fujèkkj.k vkSj vuqj{k.k izR;kiu] izkFkfedrk izkIr {ks=ksa ds fy, èku dh O;oLFkk] vuqJo.k vkSj eqY;kadu] izek.ku rFkk iqjLdkjkas dh led{krk dk fuoZgu] rduhdh RkFkk izcUèk f'k{kk ds chp leUo; lEcUèkh vkfn dh pqukSfRk;ka O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ds ekxZ ls nwj gks ldsaA dksBkjh deh'ku] csfld f'k{kk iz.kkyh] ;kstuk iz.kkyh] vkpk;Z ujsUnz nso desVh (1952) eq n kfy;j deh'ku 1952]gVks Z x des V h (1929)]1937 dk vfèkfu;e rFkk oqM desVh] lktZUV fjiksVZ 1944 vkfn us O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dks c<kok nsus ij cy fn;k gS rFkk budh pqukSfr;ksa ds fy, ladsr fd;k gSA jk"Vªh; f'k{kk uhfr 1986 ds 5&17 ds vuqlkj O;olkf;d f'k{kk esa f'k{kk dh fof'k"V èkkjk gksxh] ftldk mn~ns'; dbZ {ks=ksa ls pqus x, dke èkUèkksa ds fy, fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks rS;kj djuk gks x kA ls O;olkf;d ikB~ ; Øe lekU;rk;k% lsdsUMjh f'k{kk ds ckn fn;s tk;sxsa ysfdu bl ;kstuk dks yphyk j[kk tk;sxk rkfd vkBoha d{kk ds ckn Hkh fo|kfFkZ;ksa ,sls dkslZ dk pquko dj ldsaA vkS|ksfxd izf'k{k.k laLFkku dh cM+h O;olkf;d f'k{kk ds <kWaps ds vuqlkj pysxsa rkfd buesa izkIr lqfoèkkvksa dk iw.kZ ykHk mBk;k tk ldsA O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dks ,d fHkUu èkkjk Hkh gksxh ftldk mn~ns'; Nk=ksa dks fofHkUu dk;Zdykiksa ls tqM+s gq, fuèkkZjr O;olk;ksa ds fy, rS;kj djuk gSA bl ubZ fo|k dks Hkh bruk yphyk cuk fn;k tkuk pkfg, rkfd ekè;fed Lrj ls igys Hkh fo|kFkhZ vkBoha d{kk mÙkh.kZ gksus ds ckn bu O;kolkf;d dk;Zdykiksa esa tqM+ ldsaA O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh ,dcM+h pqukSrh ;g Hkh gS fd ekè;fed Lrj fo|kfFkZ;ksa rFkk mPprj ekè;fed Lrj ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh

la[;k dk Øe'k% 40 izfr'kr rFkk 50 izfr'kr Hkkx O;olkf;d ikB~;Øeksa esa yxk;k tk;sA fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa mudh {kerk] :fp] vfHk:fp] ;ksX;rk rFkk vfFko`fÙk ds vkèkkj ij fdlh O;olkf;d ikB~;Øe ds fodYi dks pquus dk volj iznku fd;k tk;sA o=keku f'k{kk iz.kkyh esa fo|kfFkZ;ksa rFkk f'k{kdksa ds vuqikr esa vk;k vlUrqyu O;olkf;d f'k{kk esa Nk=ksa dh la[;k dks c<+kus esa vfèkd xEHkhjrk :Ik èkkj.k dj ysrk gSA f'k{kdksa rFkk fo|ky; iz'kklu ds lkeus ;g ,d cM+h pqukSrh ds :Ik esa ns[kus dks feyrk gSA O;kolkf;d f'k{kk }kjk f'k{kk dk O;olk;hdj.k gksuk ldkjkRed gS] ijUrq f'k{kk ds O;olk;hdj.k ds vkèkkj ij O;kolkf;d f'k{kk iznku djuk lhfer la[;k vFkok vkfFkZd :Ik ls lEiUu fo|kfFkZ;ksa rd lhfer gks tkrh gSA ,slh fLfkfr esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk }kjk f'k{kk ds {ks= esa lekurk vkSj lekftd U;k; lqfuf'pr djus dh ubZ pqukSrh lkeus vkrh gSA vr% ;g cgqr vko';d gS fd f'k{kk ds izr;sd Lrj ij fo'ks"k :Ik ls foKkiu] O;kolkf;d] rduhdh vkSj okf.kfT;d f'k{kk tsls {ks=ksa esa ftlesa yM+fd;ksa dk izfrfufèkRo cgqr de gS] mudh Hkkxhnkjh c<+kbZ tk;sA efgykvksa esa lekurk] lkekftd dq'kyrk rFkk O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dks izksRlkfgr djus ds fy, lEiw.kZ f'k{kk ra=k dks u;k :Ik fn;k tkuk pkfg,A lEiw.kZ f'k{kk ra=k esa bruk ifjorZu dj nsuk Hkh O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh ,d pqukSrh gSA lanHkZ xzaFk lwph 1-mnh;eku Hkkjrh; lekt esa f'k{kd] ys[kd&Mk0 jke'kdy ikaMs ]izdk'ku&fouksn iqLrd efUnj esjB] laLdj.k&izFke 2-Hkkjrh; f'k{kk dh lelkef;d leL;k,a ] ys[kd&R;kxh o ikBd izdk'ku&fouksn iqLrd efUnj esjB] laLdj.k&izFke 3-gekjh ubZ jk"Vªh; f'k{kk uhfr ] ys[kd&nsosUnz mikè;k; izdk'ku&ctjax izdk'ku ubZ fnYYkh 1992] laLdj.k&izFke 4-xykscykbZtslu ,.M fyfox Vwxsnj&nk psysatst iQksj ,stqds'kuy daVsaV bu ,f'k;k bUVjuS'kuy C;wjks vkiQ ,stqds'ku rFkk lh-ch-,l-bZ- Hkkjr ] laLdj.k&izFke 5-jk"Vªh; f'k{kk] ys[kd& Mk- ujs'k dqekj izdk'ku&fodze izdk'ku d`".kk uxj fnYYkh 2007] laLdj.k&izFke

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cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

'NOHFTÂ&#x2039;NIH NXRVFONE9FDQGMQVXKSNIJ? le;cqÂźk fe'ku tSlh osclkbV fdlh vkSj /eZ ;k ckck dh gksrh rks vc rd ykâ&#x20AC;˘ksa yksx mlls tqM+ x, gksrAs okdbZ gekjs yksx nwj â&#x20AC;˘M+s gksdj rek'kk nsâ&#x20AC;˘us okyksa esa ls gSa â&#x20AC;˘qn dqN ugha djuk pkgrsA D;k okdbZ cgqtu lekt catj tehu gS ftles fdruk gh â&#x20AC;˘kn cht ikuh yxkvks oks iQly ns gh ugha ldrkA lkyksa ls ;s osclkbV py jgh gS ij 500 ls Ă&#x2026;ij blds vuq;k;h ugha gSAa D;k gesa ;s osclkbV can dj nsuh pkfg, vius jk;s nsaA le;cqÂźk fe'ku cgqtu lekt dks vEcsMdj vkSj cqÂź ekxZ }kjk â&#x20AC;˘q'kgky cukus ds fy, lefiZr gSA cqÂźk vkSj vkacsMdj ds fopkjksa dk çpkj çlkj djus ds fy, gh le;cqÂźk osclkbZV lefiZr gSA f'kf{kr vkSj l{ke oxZ gh cnyko ykrk gS ij ,slk nsâ&#x20AC;˘k x;k gS dh le; dk vkHkko ;k vU; dkj.kksa ls ;gh oxZ ckSÂź vkSj vEcsMdjoknh fopkj/kjk vkSj lkfgR; ij è;ku ugha ns ikrkA f'kf{kr vkSj l{ke oxZ bUVjusV â&#x20AC;˘wc bLrseky djrk gS] bUgha ckrksa dks è;ku esa jâ&#x20AC;˘rs gq, bl osclkbZV dks pyk;k tk jgk gSA ;s osclkbZV ,slk IysViQkeZ çnku djrh gS tgkÂĄ vEcsMdj vkSj cqÂź fopkj/kjk dks gekjs yksx vkil esa 'ks;j dj ldrs gSa bl osclkbZV ij vusdksa iqLrdsa vkSj ysâ&#x20AC;˘ Ă&#x161;h esa miyC/ gSa] vki Loso Hkh ysâ&#x20AC;˘ fyâ&#x20AC;˘ ldrs gSAa bl osclkbV ij miyC/ Ă&#x161;h fdrkcksa dk vè;;u djsa A vki â&#x20AC;˘qn ;gkÂĄ bl osclkbV ij miyC/ ckSÂź /Ee dh tkudkjh i<+sa vkSj viuk Kku c<+k,a] ckSÂź /Ee Kku dks vius thou esa mrkjsaA Hkxoku~ cqÂź }kjk crk;s x, ekxZ vkSj f'k{kk dks fganh esa tkuus ds fy,]ckSÂź fopkjd ,o nk'kZfud ^le;cqÂźk* ds /Ee çopuksa ds fy, ] ckSÂź /Ee ij vius fopkj vkSj ysâ&#x20AC;˘ fyâ&#x20AC;˘us ds fy, o~ vusdksa ckSÂź /Ee

vkSj vEcsMdjokn dh iqLrdksa dks eqĂ?r esa vxj vkidks dksbZ ysâ&#x20AC;˘ ,slk yxrk gS ikus ds fy, vki bl osclkbV dks viuh bZesy ls Tokbu djsa] vius lHkh lkfFk;ksa dks ftldk vki çpkj djuk pkgrs gSa rks mls dkWih dj ds fçaV vkSj iQksVks dkWih dj ds Tokbu djok,aA rjhdk bl çdkj gS% vius yksxksa esa ckÂĄV Hkh ldrs gSa] D;ksafd http://samaybuddha.wordpress.com/ ij tkdj ck,ÂĄ rjiQ fn, Follow Blog via bUVjusV dk bLrseky gj dksbZ rks ugha djrk Email esa viuh bZey s Mky dj Follow ij A dbZ yksx tks ukSdjh djrs gSa mudks fçaV fDyd djsa] blds ckn vkidks ,d CON- vkSj iQksVks dkWih dh lqfo/k eqĂ?r esa miyC/ gksrh gS|fcuk viuk /u â&#x20AC;˘pZ fd;s Hkh vki FIRMATION dk cVu cuh gq, esy vk,xh fuosnu gS dh mls fDyd dj ds CONFIR- bl rjg /Ee çpkj dj ldrs gksA T;knk ugha cl nl f'kf{kr ;qok yksxks dks pqu yks MATION djsa blds ckn vkidks gj gĂ?rs ckS/ /eZ dh tkudkjh Hkjh ,d esy vk;sxhA vkSj murd lUns'k igqpus dh ftEesnkjh ys ;s Bhd ,sls gS tSls dksbZ lkIrkfgd fganh yks| ckSÂź lkfgR; cgqr foLr`r gS] dsoy ckSÂź if=kdk gks vkSj oks Hkh Ă&#x161;h esa] ilan u vkus ij vulClĂ&#x2DC;kbc Hkh dj ldrs gSaA ckSÂź Hkars vkSj ckSÂź yhMj mruk ugha dj Hkys gh gekjk ehfM;k esa 'ks;j u gks ldrs ftruk dh ge lc fey dj dj gesa viuk ehfM;k â&#x20AC;˘qn cuuk gSA vki ckSÂź ldrs gSaA vxj vkids ikl Hkh ckSÂź /Ee /Ee ds çpkj çlkj esa enr djsa] vki dh tkudkjh gS vkSj vki ckSÂź /Ee ij dsoy vius Ýú cgqtu lkfFk;ksa dh ftEesnkjh fyâ&#x20AC;˘rs gks rks vkils vuqjks/ gS dh vki ys|vxj ge esa ls gj dksbZ gekjs lekt ds ckSÂź /eZ ij vius vkfVZdy fganh esa iQk;ns dh ckr vius nl lkfFkvksa tks dh jileraj@gmail-com ij Hksts ftls ge gekjs gh yksx gksa dks ekSfâ&#x20AC;˘d crk;s ,le,,l vkids uke vkSj iQksVks lfgr ;k tSlk vki ;k bZesy ;k vU; lk/uksa ls djsa rks dsoy pkgsa ;gkÂĄ ifCy'k djsaxsA vkbZ ;s fdrkcksa esa 7 fnuksa esa gj cqfÂźLV HkkbZ ds ikl gekjk ncs ckS/ /Ee ds dY;k.kdkjh Kku dks fey lUns'k igqÂĄp ldrk gS A blh rjg gekjk tqy dj tu lk/kj.k ds fy, miyC/ fojks/ dh ckr Hkh 9 os fnu rd rks ns'k ds djk,ÂĄ A Hkxoku~ cqÂźk us dgk gS ÂślR; tkuus gj vkfâ&#x20AC;˘jh vkneh rd igqÂĄp tk,xh A uhps fyâ&#x20AC;˘s Vscy dks nsâ&#x20AC;˘ks] nksLrksa tgkÂĄ pkg ds ekxZ esa balku cl nks gh xyrh djrk gS og jkg] Hkys gh gekjk ehfM;k esa 'ks;j u] ],d oks 'kq: gh ugha djrk nwljk iwjk tkus fcuk gh NksM+ tkrk gS¸ gks ge viuk ehfM;k â&#x20AC;˘qn gSa


IO‹N)N=E89MXV NX\LI&\G/GZ\GVOD/)NNLG/R-K YNMOK+NNMUKGVRVD W8HIQROLM+N2LTLNDWI\ f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa vxz.kh;] izfl¼ f'k{kkfon Loñ xksLokeh Jh vkjñlhñHkkjrh th ds 70osa tUeksRlo ds volj ij vkt fl¼kFkZ bUVjus'kuy ifCyd LDwy] yksuh jksM+] fnYyh esa HkO; iq"iktafy lekjksg vk;ksftr fd;k x;kA ftlesa tkus ekus lkaln] fo/k;d vkSj lkekftd & jktuSfrd yksxksa us Hkkx fy;kA lekjks g es a Loñ xks L okeh Jh vkjñlhñHkkjrh dh izfrek ij iq"iktafy vfiZr dh rFkk muds 'kS{kf.kd] jktuSfrd o lkekftd dk;ks± dk o.kZu djrss gq, mudk vuq'kj.k djus dk vkg~oku fd;k x;kA lekjksg esa lkaln] fo/k;d o iwoZ lkaln Hkh mifLFkr gq, ,oa Hkk"k.k fd;sA lekjksg esa ns'k&izns'kksa ds jktuSfrd o lkekftd dk;ZdÙkkvksa ds vfrfjDr fnYyh ,oa ,uñlhñvkjñ ds vusdksa fo|ky;ksa ds iz/ kukpk;Z] izcU/dksa] vè;kidksa ,oa iwoZ fo/ k;d] es;j] ik"kZnksa] f'k{kkfo¼ksa us Hkkjrh th ds thou pfj=k ij vius&vius fopkj iz d V fd;s rFkk muds ifjokj dks 'kqHkdkeuk;sa nhA

 'kqHkdkeuk;sa nsus okyksa esa Jhefr jruk ckxph] Jh jfodkUr Hkkjrh (mi&iz/ kukpk;Z)] MkWñ ,lñ,lñtSu] Jh latho 'kekZ Jhefr izsj.kk] Jhefr iadt Hkkjrh] jru dqekj] MkWñ ujsUæukFk (fo/k;d)] Jh jkexksiky fllksfn;k (iwoZ fo/k;d)] Jhefr Losrk Hkkjrh (eq[; iz'kkfldk)] Jh tsñihñ 'kekZ] Jh fofiu 'kekZ] Jhefr m"kk jkuh] Jh f'kouUnu 'kekZ] Jh vfuy dqekj] Jh jes'k fxfj] Jh iadt xksLokeh] Jh idaat 'kekZ] Jh jkeohj flag xkksLokeh] Jh ;'kiky esgrk] Jh Mksjh yky xksLokeh] Jh dsñihñlSDluk] Jh cytksj flag (iwoZ fo/k;d)] Jh fnO;

t;loky] Jh ,lñ,lñfues'k] Jh ?ku';ke flag vkfn FksA lekjksg esa Hkkjh la[;k esa L=kh iq:"kksa us Hkkx fy;kA lekjksg esa lkaLÑfrd dk;ZØe izLrqr fd;sA uoo"kZ dh 'kqHkdkeuk;sa nh x;h ,oa ,lñMhñflag ,.M ikVhZ dh vksj ls bl volj ij xhr ,oa laxhr dk;ZØe is'k fd;s x;sA Hkkjrh ifjokj dh vksj ls lekjksg ds lekiu ij lHkh vfrfFk;ksa dks lgHkkst] iz r hd fpUg ,oa uoo"kZ 2014 ds migkj forfjr fd;sA Jh 'kf'kdkUr Hkkjrh us vk;s gq;s lHkh vfrfFk;ksa dk vkHkkj O;Dr fd;kA

rFkkxr cq¼ dks bartkj gS vius izkphu flDdksa dk dq'khuxj % vkt ls 7 o"kZ iwoZ Hkxoku cq¼ ds egkifjfuokZ.k Lo.kZ t;arh o"kZ 2006 dks ;knxkj cukus ds fy, dsaæ ljdkj us muds uke ij 5 #i;s o 100 #i;s ds flDds eqfær djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA blds fy, ckdk;nk lfefr xfBr dh xbZA ns'k Lrj ij ç/kuea=kh vkSj çns'k Lrj ij eq[;ea=kh lfefr ds ps;jeSu cuk, x, FksA cq¼ dh Le`fr;ksa ij vk/kfjr bl flDds dks eqfær djus ds fy, fMtkbu rS;kj djus ds Øe esa Vdlky dh pkj lnL;h; Vhe Hkh igqaphA dgk x;k fd bu flDdksa dks tkjh dj cktkj esa cspk tk,xkA ;g Hkh dgk x;k Fkk fd bu flDdksa dks Hkxoku cq¼ dh egkifjfuokZ.k LFkyh dq'khuxj

cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014

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ls gh tkjh fd;k tk,xkA lky nj lky chr jgs gSa vkSj cq¼ dks bartkj gS vius bu flDdksa dkA nq•n rks ;g gS fd •qn i;ZVu foHkkx dks Hkh vc cq¼ ds bu flDdksa dh ;kn ugha jghA flDds ds fMtkbu dks rS;kj djus ds fy, o"kZ 2006 esa rRdkyhu Hkkjr ljdkj Vdlky ds egkçca/d ,uds pkS/jh ds funZs'k ij mRdh.kZ dykdkj ,l ca/ksikè;k;] lgk;d mRdh.kZd dykdkj ,ds pVksikè;k;] ,p ds ikfVy] ,lvkj okMsdj dh pkj lnL;h; Vhe dq'khuxj igqaphA Vhe us ;gka Hkxoku cq¼ ls tqM+s pkj çeq• LFkyksa dks ns•kA blls iwoZ cq¼ ls tqM+s vU; nwljs LFkkuksa ij Hkh Vhe tk pqdh FkhA

rc Vhe us tkudkjh nh Fkh fd bu flDdksa dks eqfær djus ds ckn cktkj esa cspk tk,xkA blds ihNs edln gS] cq¼ ds egkifjfuokZ.k Lo.kZ t;arh o"kZ dks ;knxkj cukukA lkr lky chr x, ysfdu cq¼ dks os flDds ugha feysA Vdlky ls os flDds eqfær gksdj cktkj esa vkt rd u vk ldsA mifuns'kd i;ZVu mi funs'kd i;ZVd ihds flag dgrs gSa fd eq>s ugha irk] eSa ml le; ;gka ugha FkkA eSa bls irk djokrk gwaA flDds tkjh gksus esa dgka ck/k vk jgh gSA ogh ftykf/dkjh vkj lSfEiQy us dgk fd eq>s bl ckjs esa dksbZ tkudkjh ugha gSA ;fn ,slk gS rks irk djkmaxkA t#jr iM+h rks i=k Hkh fy•waxkA vPNh igy gSA


cs/M+d U;wt] tuojh] 2014 

?kVuk pĂ&#x2DC;

fMiQj ds ekèle ls nfyr viuh vkokt cqyan djsa fMiQj (Dalit Forum for Human Rights( DIFHR) uked laLFkk & iathdj.k ,DV 1860 ds rgr ,d iathĂ&#x2018;r laLFkk gSA ;g ,d Lo;a&lsoh laLFkk gksus ds lkFk&lkFk nfyr cqfÂźthfo;ksa dh ,d ,slh lkekftd laLFkk gS tks vke rkSj ij lekt ds nfyr vkSj oafpr yksxksa ds fgrksa ds j{kkFkZ lrr dk;Z djrh gSA laLFkk ekuo vf/dkjksa ds çfr lnSo ltx vkSj ukuk&çdkj ls dke djus dks rRij gS] fiQj pkgs ;g ekeyk vuqlwfpr tkfr dk gks] ;k vuqlwfpr tu tkfr dk] cPpksa dk gks] ;k efgykvksa dk gks- ;k lekt ds fdlh vU; ihfM+r oxZ dkA laLFkk Hkkjr ds gh ugha] fo'o&Lrj ij ekuokf/dkjksa ds ekeyksa ij utj jâ&#x20AC;˘rh gSA Hkkjrh; lekt ds nfyr vkSj oafpr yksx vc T;knk nsj rd vieku vkSj frj"Ă&#x2018;r ftanxh ugha th ldrs A mUgsa Hkh fodkl dk fgLlk cuuk gSA ;|fi gesa Hkwâ&#x20AC;˘&I;kl] chekfj;ksa vkSj frjLĂ&#x2018;r ftUnxh thus dks etcwj fd;k x;k gS] ij vc vkSj ugha lgk tk ldrk A vc Hkkjrh; lekt ds nfyr vkSj oafpr yksxksa dks fodkl vkSj ekuo thou ds fy, vfuok;Z reke vko';drkvksa ls nsj rd oafpr ugha fd;k tk ldrkA ewyHkwr vf/dkjksa dh vunsâ&#x20AC;˘h vc vkSj ugha lgh tk ldrhA blfy, fMiQj vkĂ&#x17E;oku djrk gS fd ge ,d ,sls lekt dk fuekZ.k djus dh vksj vxzlj gksa] tgkÂĄ lerk] cU/qrk vkSj eS=kh dk Hkko gks] lkekftd Lora=krk] ikjnf'kZrk vkSj fu"i{k U;k; dk m}syu gksA leku ekufldrk okys ,sls O;fĂ&#x2122;kQ;ksa ls fMiQj dk fuosnu gS fd os Hkkjrh; lekt ds nfyr vkSj oafpr yksxksa ds gd esa viuh csâ&#x20AC;˘kSiQ o csckd vkokt cqyan djsa vkSj ekuokf/dkjksa dh j{kkFkZ fMiQj ds lkFk gj çdkj ls lg;ksx djsaA vkSj gkÂĄ] ;fn ,slh dksbZ ?kVuk vkidh tkudkjh esa gks] tks lkeqfgd :i ls lekt ds fdlh Hkh rcds dks çHkkfor dj jgh gks] rks ml ?kVuk dks lçek.k fMiQj dks vo'; fyâ&#x20AC;˘ Hkstsa] DIFHR ls tks Hkh cu iM+sxk] vo'; djsxkA vkidh fVIif.k;ka gekjk ekxZ ç'kLr djsaxhA *** }kjk&ijethr flag % vè;{k

lkekftd] jktuSfrd] laLd`fr rFkk lkfgR; ljksdkj ds fy, izfrcŸ fgUnh ekfld if=kdk ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ,oa jk"Vªh; jkt/kuh fnYyh o vklikl {ks=kksa dh lkekftd]jktuSfrd ?kVukvksa o [kcjksa dks i<+us gsrq fgUnh lkIrkfgd v[kckj ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ds lnL; cusA

lnL;rk Ldhe eSa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk@lkIrkfgd v[kokj dk vkthou % 2000 C

ikap o"kZ % 1000 C

,d o"kZ % 250 C

Ldhe ds rgr if=kdk dk lnL; cuuk pkgrk gawA Ă&#x2018;i;k esjs fuEufyf[kr irs ij if=kdk@v[kokj Hkstus dh Ă&#x2018;ik djasA

uke---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------irk-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------eksckbZy uEcj---------------------------------------fiu--------------------------cSad@MªkW�V@psd@euhvkMZj ls ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk] ds uke ns; jkf'k@lnL;rk 'kqYd fuEu irs ij HkstsaA ;k fiQj vius utnhd dSujk cSad dh 'kk[kk ls gekjh if=kdk ds [kkrs esa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk ds uke ls

$&1R esa lh/s tek djus dh Ă&#x2018;ik djsaA

AFVÂśN0G8ZW laikndh; dk;kZy; e-ua&10] ,drk xyh ua&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094

'DOLW ,QWHOOHFWXDOV )RUXP )RU +XPDQ 5LJKWV (DIFHR) (Regd- No- 45146/2003)

eks- 9717580686] 9266990078

H- No-30, Sec:A-6, Pocketâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;1, DDA Flats Narela, Delhi-110040, M-09810054950

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Final january 2014