Page 1


vNwr] vR;at rFkk vkfnoklh vkfn visf{kr] ;fn vkt izxfr&iFk ij vxzlj gq, gS rks bldk Js; ckck lkgc Mk- vEcsMdj dks gh fn;k tk ldrk gSA D;k ;g nfyrks}kj dk dk;Z fdlh ns'kæksgh dk gks ldrk gS\ D;k nfyr bl ns'k ds vfHkUu vax ugha gS\ vkSj ;fn nfyr bl ns'k ds vfHkUu vax gS rks D;k muds g`n;&lezkV~ ,oa ije fgrS"kh ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj ,d lPps ns'kHkDr ugha\

RN= @YD G @YL6\@ iz/ku laiknd tloar falag ^cs/M+d* laiknd lg;ksxh vk'kkjke xkSre] Hkxoku nkl lqtkr jru dqekj xkSre] fot; dqekj ckS¼ 'khy cksf/] xhrk lqeu] ljuke flag ys[ku ijke'kZ nkrk MkW-dqlqe fo;ksxh] MkW-foey dhfrZ Vh0ih0flag] y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj Nk;kadu jfo dqekj oekZ dkuwuh lykgdkj vkj-vkj-ckx (,MoksdsV] gkbZdksVZ) ,uhes'ku fMtkbuj@dkVwZfuLV dqekj vk;q"keku lkt&lTtk xhrk vkVZ ,.M xzkfiQDl C;wjks dk;kZy; lgkju iqj (m-iz-) ckny flag ckS¼ vkxjk (m-iz-) ljuke flag iQ:Z[kkckn (m-iz-) fouksn dqekj] :M+dh (mÙkjk[kaM) fodkl vk;kZ jkaph] >kj[kaM nhid dqekj fo'odekZ nkSlk] jktLFkku jkds'k dqekj oekZ

lEidZ lw=k

laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.-10, ,drk xyh&01 tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob.: 9266990078, 9891558804 E-mail:bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog :bedharaknews.blogspot.com

MN9yXNG0NY(FV0GM 09 vUnj ds iUuksa ij fo"k; lwph

vkoj.k dFkk



i`"B la[;k

dksf'k'k gekjh] jk; vkidh

04

laikndh;

05

cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc Mk-vEcsMdj O;fDrRo vkSj d`frRo

06

jk"Vªuk;d Mk- vEcsMdj

09

efgyk l'kfÙkdj.k ij Mk0 Hkhejko vEcsMdj ds fopkj

13

vNwr xk¡o ls ckgj D;ksa jgrs gSa\

14

nqfu;k esa loZJs"B% egkuk;d MkW-vEcsMdj

18

vEcsMdj vuq;kf;;ksa ls dqN cqfu;knh loky

21

ckck lkgsc dk nfyrksa ds uke lUns'k

22

nfyr vkSj vkt dk fgUnqRo

24

vkfFkZd tura=% ,d lqugjs dy dh vkgV gS

26

iwuk iSdV% nfyr xqykeh dk nLrkost

31

Lkfn;ksa dk vkj{k.k ‘kh?kz [kRe gks

34

lw= rks vljnkj gS fdarq---

36

cgqtu lekt dh fn'kk vkSj n'kk

38

MkW- Hkhejko ds fo"k; esa fdlus D;k dgk---

40

ckcklkgsc us dgk Fkk--------

42

MkW-vEcsMdj ds thou dh izeq[k ?kVuk,sa

45

RNI NO. DELHIN/2010/32012 Lokeh] eqnzd] izdk'kd o laiknd tloar flag }kjk dkjs fizafVax izsl] 574 A, fot; ikdZ xyh ua 2] ekStiqj] fnYyh&53 ls eqfær ,oa 255 fdjkM+h ,DlVsa'ku ikVZ&4] fdjkM+h lqyseku uxj] fnYyh&110086 ls izdkf'krA

Ph.: 9266990078, 9891558804 E-mail : bedharaknews@gmail.com -izdkf'kr ys[kksa ds ys[kdksa dh jk; ls eq[; laiknd dk lger gksuk vko';d ugha gSA -lacafèkr okn&fookn dk fuiVkjk fnYyh U;kf;d {ks=k esa gksxkA -if=kdk ls lacafèkr lHkh in vLFkk;h o voSrfud gSaA

^f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr gks] la?k"kZ djks*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

lfn;ksa ls ncsWD &fiNM+Us KIR NV vkSj nfyr] HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKD NNDG


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG fo"ke ifjfLFkfr;kas esa Hkh if=kdk dk izdk'ku ,d ljkguh; dne cs/M+d U;wt+ if=kdk dk fu;fer ikBd gwa vkSj vkxkeh vad dh izrh{kk esa jgrk gwaA blds gj vad esa dqN u dqN u;k iu gksrk gSA gj vad csgrjhu fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA vkfFkZd vHkko esa if=kdk dks fudkyuk cgqr eqf'dy gSA fiQj Hkh blds izdk'ku ds fy, laiknd egksn; dks c/kbZ fd os bruh fo"ke ifjfLFkfr esa bls fudkyus ds fy, viuh vewY; thou [kik jgs gSa og Hkh fcuk fdlh ykHk dsA vkt ds le; esa ,sls yksxksa dh deh gSA ge ikBdksa ls vihy djrs gS fd if=kdk ds vkfFkZd lg;ksx ds fy, dqN djsa rkfd nfyr ehfM;k dk liuk iwjk gks lds vkSj csgrj if=kdk i<+us ds fy, fey ldsA ukud pUn]xkft;kckn

vEcsMdj ds fe'ku ewoesaV tu&tu rd i¡gqps ije iwT; cksf/ lRo ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj th ds fe'ku ls lEcf/r muds O;fDrRo] ÑÙko ,oa /kfeZd] lkekftd jktuSfrd o nfyr] 'kksf"kr o loZgkjk lekt ds ?kj&?kj rd i¡gqpk jgk gSA ek- tloUr flag cs/M+d th dk ;g vFkd iz;kl vkSj vECksMdj lekt ds izfr lefiZr lsok Hkko vrqyuh; gSaA eSa muds lrr dk;Z ds fy, g`n; ls lk/qokn nsrk gw¡A Hkorq lCc eaxye~ eukst dqekj] ockuk] ubZ fnYyhA

cs/M+d U;wt [kcjksa dk lewpk HkaMkj cs/M+d@csckd fVIif.k;ksa o ys[k vkids lq>ko ds bartkj eas laiknd ^cs/M+d U;wt+*

laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.10, ,drk xyh ua0&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob. : 9266990078 , 9891558804

E-mail: bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog : bedharaknews.blogspot.com

[kkl fpV~Bh laln ekxZ ds Fkkuk vè;{k dks iz/kuea=kh ds fo:¼ fyf[kr f'kdk;r MkW- ch-vkj-vkacMs dj fopkj eap (jftLVMZ) ds egkea=kh jru yky dSu us vkacMs dj t;arh ds volj ij laln ekxZ ds Fkkuk vè;{k dks fyf[kr f'kdk;r la[;k 30&ch nsdj ;g ekax dh gS dh rRdkyhu for~ eU=kh vkSj vkt ds ç/ku ea=kh MkW- eueksgu flag rFkk for~ lfpo o vU; ds fo#¼ iQkStnkjh dk eqdnek pyk;k tk;s D;ksafd mUgksaus dsaæh; ea=kh eaMy dh LoÑfr fy;s fcuk viuh eatwjh ls Hkkjrh; uksVks esa ls v'kksd fpUg dks gVkdj dj egkRek xk¡/h dh rLohj dks NkikA eap ds egkea=kh us ;g Hkh vkjksi yxk;k x;k gS fd for ea=kh us Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSd a vf/fu;e] 1934 dh /kjk 25 ds varxzr dsæa h; ea=kh eaMy dh dksbZ LoÑfr ugha yh gS vkSj uk gha Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh fliQkfj'k yh x;h gSA ;g lc dkaxzsl ds b'kkjs ij xqipqi rjhds ls fcuk turk ds ekax ij ;g ckS¼ksa dh Hkkoukvks ds lkFk lqfu;ksftr rjhds ls f[kyokM+ fd;k x;k gSA blds vfrfjÙkQ egkRek xk¡/h dh rLohj ds O;kikjhdj.k ij ¶fpUg vkSj uke ds nq:i;ksx vf/fu;e] 1950 dh /kjk 3 es egkRek xk¡/h ds rLohj ds çdk'ku ij ikcUnh yxkbZ x;h gSA bu lc ds pyrs MkW-ch-vkj- vkacsMdj fopkj eap (jftLVMZ) ds egkea=kh jru yky dSu us rRdkyhu jk"Vªifr ls 2 tqykbZ 2010 dks ç/ku eU=kh ls lafo/ku dh /kjk 78(ch)(lh) ds varxzr fjiksVZ ekaxus dh f'kiQkfj'k dh x;hA jk"Vªifr th us forea=kky; fjiksVZ ekaxhA cnys esa for ea=kky; us viuh xyrh dk vglkl gksus ij Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ls 10&lnL;h mPp vf/dkj çkIr lfefr dk xBu djus ds fy;s dgk x;kA foLoLr lw=q kksa ls ;g irk pyk gS dh egkRek xk¡/h ds fp=kksa dks gVkdj v'kksd fpUg dks nqckjk çkdf'kr djus rFkk ,d vkSj ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhe jko vkacsMdj ds fp=k dks çdkf'kr djus gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk f'kiQkfjl Hksts gq, ,d o"kZ ls t;knk le; chr x;k gS ij vHkh rd ljdkj us u, uksVksa dks tkjh ugha fd;k gSA ;fn iqfyl bl ekeys esa dk;Zokgh ugha djrh rks ekeyk dksVZ es ys tk;sxsA egkRek xk¡/h dks lfo/ku ls Åij LFkkfir djus ls lfo/ku dk vieku gSA egkRek xk¡/h dksbZ jkeck.k ugha gSA cks¼ksa ds v'kksd fpUg dks gVkdj egkRek xk¡/h dk fp=k Nkius ls yk[kks yksxksa ds Hkkouk vkgr gqbZ gSA jru yky dSu] egkea=kh] MkW- ch-vkj-vkacsMdj fopkj eap (jftLVMZ) fny'kkn] xkMsZu] fnYyhA

^cs/M+d U;wt* esa izdkf'kr ys[kksa us izHkkfor fd;kA ¶cs/M+d U;wt¸ if=kdk dk uoEcj vad i<us dks feykA bl vad esa izdkf'kr lHkh ys[k jkspd FksA [kkldj bl vad esa izdkf'kr vkoj.k dFkk ^gekjs lafo/ku fuekZrk ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj* us dkiQh izHkkfor fd;kA eSa izdkf'kr ,d vU; ys[k ^Hkkjr ds lafo/ku fuekZ.k esa ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj dk ;ksxnku* ds ys[kd ekU;oj jru yky dSu dks dksfV&dksfV lk/wokn nsrk gwa] vkSj vis{kk djrk gaw fd viuh ys[kuh ls l`tukRed ys[kksa ls nfyr lekt ls tqM+s eqn~nksa dks mBkrs jgsaxsA fdlh ys[kd igyh ckj dkzxzsl dks dV?kjs esa [kM+k fd;k gSA ;g loZ fofnr gS fd dkaxzsl ckck lkgsc dk lafo/ku fuekZ.k esa ;ksxnku dks fdlh Hkh rjg lkeus ykuk pkgrh igyh ge le;&le; ij fofHkUu i=k&if=kdkvksa esa izdkf'kr muds }kjk fy[ks ys[kksa ls viuk KkukZtu djrs jgrs gSaA blds vykok bl vad esa izdkf'kr vU; ys[kksa us gekjs eu dks Nw fy;kA if=kdk ds liQy izdk'ku ,oa fujarj izxfr ds fy, gkfnZd lk/woknA & vt; pUuky] HkhyckM+k]jktLFkkuA

^dksbZ Hkh egRoiw.kZ pht dfBu ds ifjJe ds fcuk izkIr ugha gksrh*


laiINO5RFNFNONJV kndh; F0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNV

cs/M+d dye ls-----

**os /U; gSa] tks ;g vuqHko djrs gSa fd ftu yksxksa esa gekjk tUe gqvkA mudk m¼kj djuk gekjk drZO; gSA os /U; gSa] tks xqykeh dk [kkRek djus ds fy, viuk lc dqN fuNkoj djrs gSaA vkSj /U; gSa os] tks lq[k vkSj nq%[k] eku vkSj vieku] d"V vkSj dfBukb;ka] vka/h vkSj rwiQku&budh fcuk ijokg fd;s rc rd lrr~ la?k"kZ djrs jgsaxs] tc rd fd vNwrksa dks ekuo ds tUefl¼ vf/dkj iw.kZr;k çkIr u gks tk;saA** ;qxkarjdkjh O;fÙkQRoksa dh J`a[kyk esa Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk uke vxz.kh gSA mUgksaus vkthou xSj cjkcjh rFkk ekuork ds fy, la?k"kZ fd;kA lfn;ksa ls 'kksf"kr vkSj mRihfM+r nfyrksa ds thou esa ,d u;k vè;k; tksM+kA ;g muds la?k"kZ dk gh ifj.kke gS fd vkt nfyr ns'k dh lÙkk esa lfØ; Hkkxhnkjh dj jgs gSaA Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds ekè;e ls mUgksaus nfyrksa ds fy, tks vkj{k.k dk çko/ku djk;kA mlls gh nfyrksa ds HkkX; dk lwwjt mn; gqvk tks vkt fofHkUu {ks=kksa esa nSnhI;eku gks jgk gSAfu%lansg Mk- vEcsMdj nfyrksa ds elhgk FksA muds fnyks&fnekx esa nfyrksa dh tkfr fo'ks"k u gksdj lEwi.kZ nfyr oxZ Fkk tks tykyr dh ftanxh O;rhr dj jgk FkkA f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr jgks rFkk la?k"kZ djks ds ewy ea=k ds vk/kj ij mUgksaus nfyrksa esa LokfHkeku dh Hkkouk iSnk dhA og jktuhfrK dh vis{kk lekt lq/kjd FksA mudk thou nfyrksa ds mRFkku vkSj fodkl dks lefiZr FkkA viQlksl bl ckr dk gS fd mudh e`R;q ds ckn nfyr vkanksyu fc[kj x;kA og fn'kkghu gks x;k rFkk lÙkk ds fy, Mk- vEcsMdj ds liuksa ls cykRdkj djds dqlhZ ikus esa vf/d lfØ; jgkA ftl euqokn vkSj czkã.kckn ds og vkthou fojks/h FksA muds dfFkr vuq;kf;;ksa us mldks iQyus&iQwyus dk volj fn;kA lÙkk ds fy, muds fl¼karksa dh cfy p<+k;hA ;gh dkj.k gS fd vkt nfyrksa dk dksbZ loZekU; usrk vFkok elhgk ugha gSA vxj gSa Hkh rks nfyrksa dh tkfr fo'ks"k ds gSaA nfyr vkanksyu ds iru dk eq[; dkj.k bl oxZ ds usrkvksa dh fn'kkghurk rFkk LokFkZijrk jghA ;g yksx vkt Hkys gh mudh t;arh tksj&'kksj ls euk jgs gksa ysfdu oLrqr% og muds fl¼karksa dh gR;k dj jgs gSaA ;gh dkj.k gS fd vktrd nfyr oxZ ,dtqV ugha gSA mudk dksbZ loZekU; usrk ugha gSA fdlh Hkh nfyr jktusrk ds ikl nfyrksa ds fy, dksbZ ,tsaMk ugha gSA vkt Hkh nfyr ,d oxZ ds :i esa laxfBr ugha gks ik;k gSA ftl NwvkNkr ds f[kykiQ Mk- vEcsMdj vkthou yM+rs jgs vkt nfyr oxZ Hkh nfyr vkSj egknfyr ds :i esa foHkÙkQ gks x;k gSA mudk vkil esa dksbZ rkyesy ugha gSA nfyrksa esa Hkh Åap&uhp dh Hkkouk cM+h rsth ls iuirh tk jgh gSA yxHkx gj nfyr tkfr;ksa ds vyx&vyx laxBu gSaA vius&vius vkjkè; gSaA vius&vius fl¼kar gSaA viuh&viuh ijEijk,a gSaA vkf[kj tc nfyr ,dtqV ugha gksaxs rks mudk vkanksyu dSls pysxk vkSj dSls mudh fLFkfr esa vkewypwy ifjorZu gksxkAnfyrksa esa Hkh egknfyr okYehfd tkfr vkt Hkh eulk&okpk&deZ.kk ls Mk- vEcsMdj dks Lohdkj ugha dj ikbZ gSA muds vkjkè; egf"kZ okYehfd gSaA og fganw /eZ dh lHkh ekU;rkvksa dks ekurs gSa vkSj vius fganw gksus ij xoZ eglwl djrs gSaA blds foijhr nfyrksa dh tkVo tkfr ds yksx fganw /eZ ls foeq[k gSaA og vEcsMdj }kjk viuk;s x;s ckS¼ /eZ dh fopkj/ kjk ds vf/d utnhd gSaA dksjh] [kVhd] /ksch vkfn nfyr tkfr;ksa esa vEcsMdj dh fopkj/kjk vkt rd ugha igqaph gSA blds fy, og nfyr usrk viuh tokcnsgh ls ugha cp ldrs tks vius dks Mk- vEcsMdj dk vuq;k;h ekurs gSaA muds fe'ku dks vkxs c<+kus dk nkok djrs gSaA ;gh dkj.k gS fd Mk- vEcsMdj t;arh esa lEiw.kZ nfyrksa dh Hkkxhnkjh ugha gksrh vfirq blesa tkVo tkfr dk g"kkZsYykl vf/ d fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA nfyrksa ds lekt lq/kj dk vkanksyu ne rksM+ pqdk gSA og fn'kkghu vkSj fn'kkHkzfer gSA blh fy, nfyrksa esa grk'kk vkSj fujk'kk dk Hkko lekfgr gSAoLrqr% nfyrksa esa Hkh ,d ,slk oxZ iSnk gks x;k gS ftlus vkj{k.k ds ekè;e ls Åaph&Åaph ukSdfj;ka gkfly dh gSaA vkj{k.k ds dksVs ds dkj.k cM+s&cM+s vksgns gkfly fd, gSaA ea=kh] lkaln vkSj fo/k;d gSaA ;g yksx nfyr dks feyus okys gj ykHk dks vtxj dh Hkkafr fuxy jgs gSaA ftl lekt ls ;g vk;s gSaA ml nhu&ghu vkSj oafpr lekt ds fy, buds fny esa laosnu'kwU;rk dk Hkko gSA bu i<+s&fy[ks vkSj lk/u&laiUu yksxksa us Mk- vEcsMdj ds vkanksyu dh gR;k dh gSA muds dkjoka dks jksdk gSA vxj lqfo/kvksa ls oafpr nfyrksa dh vka[ksa [kqy xbZ rks og bl uo/uk<Ô&viQljh oxZ dks ekiQ ugha djsxkA Mk- vEcsMdj O;fÙkQ iwtk ds f[kykiQ FksA og ugha pkgrs Fks fd mudh iwtk gksA mudh ewfrZ;ksa yxsa vkSj yksx mUgsa Hkxoku ekusaA bl lanHkZ esa mUgksaus 14 vçSy 1942 esa eqEcbZ ds ijsy esa viuh t;arh ij vk;ksftr fojkV lHkk dks lacksf/r djrs gq, dgk Fkk & **usrk ;ksX; gks] rks mlds çfr vknj çdV djus esa dksbZ gtZ ugha] ijarq euq"; dks bZ'oj ds leku ekuuk fouk'k dk ekxZ gSA blls usrk ds lkFk gh lkFk mlds HkÙkQksa dk Hkh v/%ikr gksrk gS \ blfy, eSa pkgrk gwa fd esjk tUe fnol eukus dh çFkk can dj nh tk;A** vko';drk bl ckr dh gS fd vxj Mk- vEcsMdj ds tkfr&foghu] 'kks"k.kfoghu rFkk lerk;qÙkQ lekt dh lajpuk djuh gS rks gesa vkRefparu djuk iM+sxkA bl ns'k dk cgqr cM+k uqDlku tkfrokn ls gqvk gSA lekt tkfr;ksa esa cM+h rsth ls caVrk tk jgk gSA tkfr; laxBu brus çHkko'kkyh gks x, gs fd og ljdkj rd dks pqukSrh nsus yxs gSaA jktuhfr tkfrokn ds Hkaojtky esa iQal pqdh gSA 'kks"kd yksx ,dtqV gksdj yksdrkaf=kd laLFkkuksa ij ;kstukc¼ rjhds ls dCtk djus esa yxs gSaA lekurk vkSj lerk csekuh gks x;k gSA blds fy, fparu'khy o la?k"kZ'khy yksxksa dks vkxs vkuk gksxkA E-mail us: wwwjaswantsingh@gmail.com

^eSa fdlh lekt dh izxfr dk vuqeku ml lekt esa efgykvksa dhizxfrls yxkrk gwa*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0NY(FV0GM 2I'U5RYN6MGCIU5R

A

vkèkqfud Hkkjr esa vacMs dj fopkj èkkjk] vEcsMdj n'kZu vkSj fparu lekt ifjorZu dh] lkekftd Økafr dh eq[; fopkj èkkjk gS vkSj lPpkbZ ;s Hkh gS fd vkèkqfud Hkkjr dk ftruk Hkh lekftd ifjorZuoknh fparu gS] og fdlh u fdlh :i esa MkW- vEcsMdj dh fopkj èkkjk ds bnZ&fxnZ gh ?kwe jgk gSA ckck lkgc dh fopkj èkkjk ,oa muds O;fDrRo ds dbZ igyw gSAa vkèkqfud Hkkjr esa muds O;fDrRo okyk 'kk;n gh dksbZ O;fDr gksxk] ftuds O;fDrRo o ÑfrRo dh rqyuk ckck lkgc ds O;fDrRo ls dh tk ldsA



#

,y-,u- lq/kdj

fo'o bfrgkl ds f{kfrt ij izdk'keku dqN O;fDr;ksa esa ls ckck lkgc Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj ,d egkure O;fDrRo gS] ftUgksa viuh lE;d~ Le`fr vkSj O;k[;k ls fu/Zurk dks le`fn~/ esa ifj.kr dj fn;kA ljLorh ds ojn iq=k ckck lkgc us viuh vf}rh; izfrHkk ls Hkkjr dh ftl leL;k ij ys[kuh pyk;h vkSj tks mlds dkj.k vkSj funku izLrqr fd;s os vkt Hkh vdkV~; gSA ;|fi Hkkjr dh prqoZ.khZ O;oLFkk esa 'kwæo.kZ esa mRiUu gksus ds dkj.k f'k{kk izkfIr esa ukuk izdkj dh dfBukb;k¡ vkbZ vkSj vieku ij vieku lgus iM+s] fdUrq vius vnE; mRlkg vkSj vè;olk; ls mUgksaus f'k{kk dh mPpre mikf/;k¡ izkIr dhaA viekuksa dk cnyk ysus ds fy, ugha cfYd viekuksa ds dkj.kksa dks [kkstus ds fy, vkSj mUgsa nwj djus ds fy, vkthou la?k"kZ fd;kA rkfd ns'k oklh vius gh ,d HkkbZ ds vieku djus dh izo`fÙk dks

nwj dj ldsa vkSj ns'k ,d lcy vkSj lqn`<+ jk"Vª cu ldsA mUgksaus lekt fgr ds lkeus vius futh fgrksa dks Hkh cfynku dj fn;kA os egkiq:"k FksA muds lkeus lEiw.kZ ns'k ds dY;k.k dk egku~ vkn'kZ FkkA os egku~ vFkZ 'kkL=kh] lekt 'kkL=kh] u`'ka'k 'kkL=kh] okf.kT; 'kkL=kh] Hkk"kkfon~] i=kdkj] lkfgR;dkj] bfrgklosÙkk vkSj fof/osÙkk FksA os Hkkjrh; laLÑfr ds egku~ jtd Fks] fdUrq mlds foÑr Lo:i ds mrus gh egku~ fojks/h Hkh FksA ;g muds egku~ O;fDrRo vkSj fu'Ny eu dk izek.k gS fd mUgsa ns'k dk lafo/ku rS;kj djus dk egkure mÙkjnkfoRo lkSaik x;k vkSj mUgksaus fo}rkiw.kZ liQyrk ds lkFk ml mÙkjnkf;Ro dks fu/kZfjr vof/ esa iwjk dj fn;kA mUgha ckck lkgc ds thou o`r vkSj dk;ks± dk laf{kIr fooj.k bl izdkj gS%& ckck lkgc Mk- vEcsMdj dk tUe 14 vizSy 1891 bZ- dks egwa Nkouh dh ,d fefyVªh cSjd esa gqvkA firk th dk uke jketh ekyksth 'kdiky rFkk ekrk dk uke

HkhekckbZ FkkA ;s vius ekrk&firk ds lcls NksVs 14 osa jRu FksA cM+s gksus ij ckyd Hkhejko dks i<+us ds fy, muds firk th fo|ky; ys x;sA fdUrq ,d ugha vusd fo|ky;ksa esa Hkh mudk uke blfy, ugha fy[kk x;k D;ksafd mudk tUe dfFkr 'kwæ ifjokj esa gqvk FkkA vkSj czkã.k /eZ ds vuqlkj L=kh vkSj 'kwæksa dks i<+uk i<+kuk fuf"k¼ FkkA ,d mPp vaxzst vkiQhlj dh lgk;rk ls Hkhe dks izkbejh Ldwy esa izos'k fey ik;kA ml izos'k esa Hkh rhu 'krsZ FkhaA igyh 'krZ ;g Fkh fd Hkhejko dks cSBus ds fy, viuk cksjk jkst ?kj ls ykuk gksxkA è;ku jgs fd vkSj lHkh mPp o.khZ Nk=kksa dks cSBus ds fy, VkV iêðh Ldwy ls gh feyrh FkhA nwljh 'krZ ;g Fkh fd tc vU; lHkh Nk=k Ldwy ds vUnj pys tk;saxs rHkh os lc ds ihNs ls Ldwy ds vUnj tk ldsaxsA rhljh 'krZ ;g Fkh fd d{kk ds vU; Nk=k dejs ds vUnj cSBsaxs ijUrq Hkhejko dks d{kk ds ckgj njckts ds ikl gh cSSBuk iM+sxkA lc yksxksa ds

^dkuwu us balku dks iSnk ugha fd;k] vfirq balku us gh viuh lqfoèkk ds fy, dkuwu dks tUe fn;k gS*


fy, ml le; dh ckck lkgc ds firk ds eu dh csnuk vuqeku djuk dfBu gSA fu'p; gh ?kkrd tkfr xr bl HksnHkko us ekyks th 'kdiky dk Þn; fonh.kZ dj fn;kA ijUrq ejrk D;k u djrkA firk us vieku ds bl xjy ?kwaV dks Hkh fi;kA ckyd ds LoPN eu ij Hkh bl vieku iw.kZ O;ogkj dk xgjk izHkko iM+kA fdUrq ^gksugkj fojoku ds gksr phdus ikr* ds vuqlkj viekuksa ij vieku lgrs gq, Hkh Hkhejko vEcsMdj mÙkjksÙkj c<+rs gh x;sA ;g og tekuk Fkk tc os Hkh"k.k I;kl yxus ij Hkh vius gkFk ls uy dh VksVh [kksy dj yksVk ckyVh ls ikuh ugha ih ldrs FksA mUgksua s Lo;a fy[kk gS fd & ^fnu&fnu Hkj eq>s I;kls rM+iQuk iM+rk Fkk*A eq>s ikuh ihus ds fy, Hkh nwljksa dh n;k ij NksM+ fn;k x;k FkkA eSa uy dh VksVh vius gkFk ls [kksy dj ikuh ugha ih ldrk FkkA ;s ckY;kuqHkwfr gh muds fy, thou dh ekxZ iznf'kZdk cuhA mPprj f'k{kk ds fy, cM+kSnk egkjktk l;kth xk;dckM+ ls Nk=k ½.k ysdj dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; vejhdk dks x;sA ogk¡ ls ,e-,- rFkk ih- ,p- Mh- dh mikf/ ;k¡ izkIr dhA vFkZ'kkL=k vkSj dkuwu ds fy, yUnu esa xgu vè;;u izkjEHk fd;k vkSj ogk¡ ls Mks- ,l&lh- rFkk cSfjLVj ,sV yk dh fMfxz;k¡ izkIr dhA laLÑr i<+us dk ckck lkgc dks cM+k pko Fkk ijUrq mUgksaus Lo;a fy[kk gS fd & ^^cEcbZ ds dkyst ds nfd;kuwlh czkã.k vè;kid us vNwr gksus ds ukrs laLÑr i<+uk fuf"kn~/ cryk fn;k ,slh n'kk esa eq>s iQkjlh ysuh FkhA** tc eu lcy gksrk gSA rc Hkh dk;Z fl¼ gksrs gSA teZuh tkdj mUgksaus laLÑr dk xgu vè;;u gh ugha fd;k cfYd vè;kiu Hkh fd;kA mUgksaus 1952 bZ- esa ,l- ,l- Mh- vkSj 1953 esa MhfyV- fo|k dh mPpre fMfxz;k¡ izkIr dhaA cM+kSnk LVsV esa Nk=k ½.k ds fy, fu/ kZfjr 'krZ ds vuqlkj mUgksaus lsok dk;Z izkjEHk fd;kA mUgsa egkjktk }kjk fefyVªh fldjsVªh fu;qDr fd;k x;kA tkfr ikafa r ds dkj.k mPp tkfr ds pijklh Hkh mudh est ij gkFk ls iQkbu u j[k dj nwj ls iQssadrs FksA jgus ds fy, edku ugha feykA ,d iQkjlh gksVy ls Hkh foo'k gksdj fudyuk iM+kA dbZ jkrsa mUgsa ikdks± esa lksdj xqtkjuh iM+hA egkjktk cM+kSnk

Hkh jgus dh dksbZ O;oLFkk u dj ldsA rc egkekuo us thou Hkj ljdkjh ukSdjh u djus dk Hkhe ozr fy;kA os viuh Kku xfjek ls 'kklu ds mPpre in ij cSB ldrs Fks& ijUrq mUgksua s viuh Hkhe izfrKk dk thou Hkj fuokZg fd;kA 1923 bZ- cECkbZ esa oSfjLVjh 'kq: dhA mUgsa igyk gh ,slk ^dsl* feyk ftlds fy, cEcbZ ds lHkh oSfjLVj tokc ns pqds FksA ckck lkgsc us dsl thr fy;k vkSj vius eqofDdy dks iQk¡lh ls cpk fy;kA oSfjLVj MkvEcsMdj dh /we ep x;hA fdUrq o.kZO;oLFkk vkSj tkfr ikafr ds jkgq us ogk¡ Hkh mUgsa xzl fy;kA 1924 esa mUgksaus ^^vky bafM;k 'ksM~;wYM dkLV~l iQsMjs'ku** dh LFkkiuk dhA 'ksM~;wYm dkLV~l (vNwrksa) dh lHkh tkfr;k¡ blesa lfEefyr gqbZA 1927 esa vNwrksa dks ikuh ihus ds vf/dkj ds fy, egkn ds pkscnkj rkykc dk lR;xzg fd;kA ftlesa ikuh tSlh iryh pht ds ikus ds fy, Hkh gtkjksa vNwr L=kh vkSj iq:"kksa dks viuh thoukgqfr nsuh iM+hA ,slh vuFkZdkjh ,.kZ O;oLFkk ds f[kykiQ viuh vkokt dks cqyUn djus ds fy, rFkk fgUnw /eZ dks bl egkekjh ls eqDr djus ds fy, fojks/ Lo:i mUgksaus euqLe`fr dks tyk;kA 1936 esa mUgksua s ^bfUMisUMsUV yscj ikVhZ* dh LFkkiuk dhA ;g ikVhZ egkjk"Vª esa izHkko esa jghA 1956 esa Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds vuqdy w tkfr vkSj o.kZ ls mQij mBdj mUgksaus ^Hkkjrh; fjifCydu ikVhZ* dh LFkkiuk dhA bl izdkj mUgksaus le; dh xfr ds lkFk jktuSfrd eksM+ fy;sA 1927 esa igyh ckj ckck lkgc MkHkhejko vEcsMdj cEcbZ ysftLysfVo vlsEcyh ds lnL; cusA ns'k esa jktuSfrd f[kpko dh fLFkfr FkhA LojkT; dk vkUnksyu py pqdk Fkk vkSj ^vxzstksa Hkkjr NksM+ks* dk vfHk;ku tkjh FkkA 1930 esa igyh xksy est lHkk yUnu esa gqbZA ckck lkgc vNwrksa ds izfrfuf/ ds :i esa ml lHkk esa x;s vkSj Hkkjr ds vNwrksa dh lgh fLFkfr dks crk;k fd Hkkjr esa vNwrksa dh fLFkfr dqÙks vkSj fcYyh ls Hkh cnrj gSAa nwljh xksyest lHkk esa mUgksaus vNwrksa ds vf/dkjksa ds fy, la?k"kZ

fd;kA ckck lkgc dh bl oxZ ds fy, jktuSfrd vf/dkjksa dh ekax ds fo:¼ egkRek xka/h us iwuk esa vkej.k vu'ku izkjEHk dj fn;kA 21 fnu rd vu'ku pykA pkjksa vksj ls ^xka/h th dh tku cpkvksa* jk"Vªfirk xka/h dh tku vkids gkFk gS dgrs gq, iz;kl gksus yxsA usrk x.k blds fy, ckck lkgc ds ikl fuosnu ysdj x;sA ckck lkgc us jk"Vªh; vkUnksyu ds egRo dks le>rs gq, laf/ dj yh vkSj jk"Vª firk xka/h dks thou nku nsdj ckck lkgc cusA ;g ^laf/ iwuk iSDV* ds uke ls izfl¼ gSA blh laf/ ls vNwrksa dks jktuSfrd vf/dkj feysa mUgksaus fo/ku lHkkvksa vkSj] ikfyZkesUV esa laj{k.k ik;kA ukSdfj;ksa eas Hkh laj{k.k feyk] fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks 'kSf{kd lqfo/k;sa feyhA blh fy, ckck lkgc ;g dgrs Fks ^fd vius lekt dks tks eSaus lqfo/k,¡ izkIr djkbZ gS ckS¼ gksus ds ckn Hkh eSa bu xjhc oxks± dks lqfo/k;sa fnykmQ¡xk*A ukfld ds dkykjke efUnj izos'k dk lR;kxzg pykA jFk ;k=kk esa Hkxoku ds jFk esa vNwrksa dks gkFk ugha yxkus fn;k x;kA ykBh pktZ gqvk] gtkjksa uj&ukfj;ksa dks pksVsa vkbZA mlh le; ckck lkgc us ;g dgk Fkk ^fd ge yksxksa ds lkFk HksnHkko dk O;ogkj vkSj jDrikr ;g fl¼ djrk gS fd vNwr oxZ fgUnw /eZ dk ,d vax ugh gS vU;Fkk lkoZtfud LFkkuksa ls ikuh ihus vkSj efUnj esa tkus ij jksd ugha yxrhA bu fo"ke O;ogkjksa ls mQc dj gh 1935 esa turk dh lHkk esa ckck lkgsc us ;g izfrKk dh fd ;|fi eSa fgUnw / eZ esa iSnk gqvk ;g esjs cl dh ckr u Fkh ijUrq ;g esjs cl dh ckr gS fd eSa fgUnw / eZ eas e:¡xk ugha*A 1927 esa cEcbZ ysftLysfVo vlsEcyh ds ckck lkgc lnL; cus vkSj 1937 esa cEcbZ vlsEcyh ds fy, fuokZfpr gq,A fczfV'k dky esa os yscj fefuLVj cus vkSj yscj ds :i esa jktuSfrd f{kfrt ij vk;sA 1947 esa Lora=k Hkkjr ds izFke dkuwu ea=kh cusA Lora=k Hkkjr ds lafo/ku dh MªkfiVx desVh ds ps;jeSu fuokZfpr gq, vkSj fu"kkZfjr vof/ ds vUnj gh fo'o dk vkf}rh; lafo/ku cuk dj ns'k dks iznku fd;kA 26 tuojh 1950 dks og x.kra=kkRed lafo/ku ykxw gqvkA fo'o ds egku~ ns'kksa us bl lafo/ku dh Hkwfj&Hkwfj

^tkfrfoghu lekt dh LFkkiuk ds fcuk LojkT; izkfIr dk dksbZ egRo ugha gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG iz'ka'kk dhA vc ns'k mlh Lons'kh lafo/ku ds vuqlkj pyus yxkA 1951 esa vf/dkjksa ls oafpr fgUnw ukjh dks vf/dkj fn[kkus ds fy, iz/ku ea=kh dh lgefr ls ikfyZ;kesUV esa ^fgUnw dksM fcy* is'k fd;kA ysfdu yksxksa dh fnekxh ladh.kZrk ds dkj.k fgUnw dksM fcy ij fu/kZfjr dk;ZĂ&#x2DC;ekuqlkj cgl ugha dh x;hA blds fojks/ esa egkekuo us vius ykHk gkfu dh fpUrk u djrs gq, eaf=ke.My ls R;kxi=k ns fn;kA vkSj fojks/ i{k ds usrk ds :i esa ikfyZ;ksesUV esa cSBsa ;g Fkk LokfHkeku vkSj vuq'kkluA ikfyZ;kesUV esa mudk vfHker tkuus ds fy, yksx ykykf;r jgrs FksA vè;{k mUgsa Lo;a bafxr djrs FksA os egku~ lkalfnd FksA ckck lkgc Mk- vEcsMdj jk"VÂŞh; egkiq:"k FksA mUgksua s jk"VÂŞ vieku dh ckr dks dHkh cnkZLr ugha fd;kA jk"VÂŞ fgr ds fy, os loZLo U;ksNkoj djus okys egkiq:"k FksA ,d mnkgj.k yhft,A 1924 ds vkUnksyu esa Hkkx ysus okyksa dks ftlesa ia- tokgjyky usg:] egkRek xkU/h vkfn lfEefyr FksA dkyk ikuh Hkstus ij eaf=ke.My us fopkj fd;kA ckck lkgc us mldk fojks/ fd;k vkSj dgk fd ^Lora=krk ds fy, vkUnksyu djuk vijk/ ugha vf/dkj gSA ckck lkgc ds bu fopkjksa ls ok;ljk; dks viuk fu.kZ; cnyuk iM+k vkSj jk"VÂŞh; usrk dkykikuh dh ltk ls cp x;sA ;fn mUgsa in I;kjk gksrk rks os bl U;k; i{k dks brus Li"V :i esa izLrqr u dj ikrs*A mudk ;g n`<+ er Fkk ^fd f'k{kk ds fcuk dksbZ Hkh lekt vkxs ugha c<+ ldrk*A viuh f'k{kk dh dfBukb;kÂĄ mudks ;kn FkhA vr% mUgksaus ^ihiqYl ,twds'ku lkslk;Vh* dhA vNwr Nk=kksa ds fy, lSdM+ksa Nk=kkokl cuok;s vkSj pyk;sA 1946 esa cEcbZ esa fo'kky flÂźkFkZ dkyst dh LFkkiuk dhA bl egkfo|ky; dh pgkj nhokjh ds vUnj gh fo|ky; ds lHkh Nk=kksa ds fy, vko';d lqfo/k;sa miyC/ djkbZ xbZ FkhA vtUrk vkSj ,yksjk ds ,sfrgkfld dsUĂŚksa ds {ks=k esa fefyUn dkyst dh LFkkiuk dhA bu nksuksa dkystksa esa bl le; yxHkx 20 gtkj Nk=k f'k{kk xzg.k dj jgs gSaA jktuhfrd f'k{kk ds fy, 1956 esa ^jktuhfr izf'k{k.k fo|ky;* dh LFkkiuk dhA

ckck lkgc us viuh ys[kuh ls Hkkjrh; laLĂ&#x2018;fr dks egku~ nsu nh muds izeq[k xzUFk bl izdkj gSa%& 1- dkLV~l bu bafM;k ,sUM ns;j eSdsfuTe (Hkkjr esa tkfr;kÂĄ vkSj mudk ;a=khdj.k)A 2- n bokY;w'ku vkiQ izkfof'k;y iQkbuUl bu fczfV'k bafM;kA (fczfV'k Hkkjr esa izkUrh; vkfFkZdrk dk vH;qn;)A 3- n izkOye vkiQ n :iht (:i;s dh leL;k)A 4- ,ukSfgys'ku vkiQ dkLV~ (tkfr ewyksPNsn)A 5- iQSMjs'ku olsZt iQhMe (la?k cuke Lora=krk)A 6- FkkV~l vku ikfdLrku (ikfdLrku ij fopkj)A 7- jkukMs] xkU/h ,sUM ftUuk (jkukMs xkU/h vkSj ftUuk)A 8- feLVj xkU/h ,sUM fn besUlhis'ku vkiQ vuVpScqYl (xkU/h th vkSj mudk vNwrks}kj)A 9- Ă&#x17E;kV dkaxzsl ,sUM xkU/h gSc Mu Vw n vUVpScwYl (dkaxzsl vkSj xkU/h us vNwrksa ds lkFk D;k fd;k\) 10- gw os;j n 'kwĂŚkt (vNwr dkSu Fks\) 11- LVsV ,sUM ekbujVht (jkT; vkSj vYi la[;d) 12- fgLVÂŞh vkiQ bfUM;u djsUlh ,sUM cSfdax (Hkkjrh; eqĂŚk vkSj vf/'kks/.krRo dk bfrgkl)A 13- fn vUVpscqYl (vNwr dkSu vkSj dSls\A 14- egkjk"VÂŞ ,st , fyaxofLVd izkfoUl (egkjk"VÂŞ ,d Hkk"kk;h izns'k)A 15- FkkV~l fyaxosfLVd (Hkk"kk;h izns'kksa ij fopkj)A 16- jkbt ,sUM iQky xzkiQ fgUnw oqesu (fgUnw ukjh dk mRFkku vkSj iru)A 18- dequy MsMykd ,sUM , os Vq lkYo bV (lkEiznkf;d xfrjks/ vkSj mlds fujkdj.k ds mik;)A 19- cqÂź ,sUM fgt /Ee (cqÂź vkSj mudk /eZ)A bu xzUFkkas ds vfrfjDr cqÂź ,sUM ^dkyZekDlZ]^ fjoksY;w'ku* ,sUM dkmUVj fjoksY;w'ku bu bafM;k rFkk ^fn fjMy xzkiQ fgUnqbTe* muds vizdkf'kr xzUFk gSA mUgksaus cfg"Ă&#x2018;r Hkkjr] ewd uk;d] turk ,oa izcqÂź Hkkjr uked i=kksa rFkk if=kdkvksa dks pyk;kA bu xzaFkksa vkSj i=kksa ls mudh cgqeq[kh izfrHkk dk vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gSA mudk n`<+ er Fkk fd fgUnw /eZ esa jg dj vNwrksa ,oa fiNM+s oxksÂą dk dY;k.k ugha gks ldrkA vr% mUgksua s ^ckSÂź tu lHkk* dh LFkkiuk dhA Jh yadk oekZ vkSj uSiky ds fo'o ckSÂź lEesyuksa esa Hkkjr dk izfrfuf/Ro fd;kA 14 vDVwcj 1956 dks Hkkjr ds Js"Bre fHk{kq egkfLFkofj pUĂŚef.k (dq'khuxj) ls ukxiqj esa ckSÂź nh{kk ysdj vius 5 lky vuq;kf;;ksa dks f=kjRu vkSj iap'khy dh nh{kk nhA nh{kk ds ckn Hkkjr dk ;g nqHkkZX; gh dgsa fd dsoy lkr lIrkg gh thfor jg dj ckSÂź rhFkksÂą dk ifjHkze.k djrs gq, 6 fnlEcj 1956 dks egkiz;k.k dj x;sA Hkkjr ds HkkX; fo/krk MkW- vEcsMdj us Lora=k Hkkjr ds lafoèkku fuekZ.k dh ftEesnkjh dks Lohdkj fd;k vkSj ml lafoèkku esa nfyrksa] fiNM+h tkfr;ksa ds vfèkdkjksa dks laoSèkkfudrk nsus dk mUgksaus iwjk iz;kl fd;kA MkW- vEcsMdj viuh dM+h esgur ls] vius fo'kky Kku ls] nqcZyksa ds izfr laosnu'khyrk ls Hkkjrh; lafoèkku ds izeq[k f'kYih cus] Hkkjrh; lafoèkku ds jpukdkj cusA mi;qDZ r fooj.k ls muds O;fDrRo vkSj Ă&#x2018;frRo dh laf{kIr fdUrq lqLi"V :ijs[kk ikBdksa dks fey ldsxhA izlUurk gS fd Hkkjr ljdkj us mudk laLej.k fVdV fudky dj rFkk laln Hkou ds lkeus mudh Hkz"V /krq dh fufeZr vkne dn HkO; izfrek LFkkfir djds vius dks xkSjokfUor fd;k gSA blh izdkj vc muds tUe fnol 14 vizy S dks Hkh lkoZtfud NqĂŞhĂ° djds lafo/ku ds egku~ f'kYih ds izfr lEeku iznf'kZr djsaA

^vkn'kZ lekt ogh gS tks Lora=krk] lekurk ,oa caèkqRo ij fuHkZj gS*


MN9yXNG0NY(FV0GM

A

¶lfn;ksa ls ncs&fiNM+s vkSj nfyr] vNwr] vR;at rFkk vkfnoklh vkfn visf{kr] ;fn vkt izxfr&iFk ij vxzlj gq, gS rks bldk Js; ckck lkgc Mk- vEcsMdj dks gh fn;k tk ldrk gSA D;k ;g nfyrks}kj dk dk;Z fdlh ns'kæksgh dk gks ldrk gS\ D;k nfyr bl ns'k ds vfHkUu vax ugha gS\ vkSj ;fn nfyr bl ns'k ds vfHkUu vax gS rks D;k muds Þn;&lezkV~ ,oa ije fgrS"kh Mk- vEcsMdj ,d lPps ns'kHkDr ugha\¸



#

y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj

yksd&eaxy dh dkeuk dks fo'o&izkax.k esa R;kx vkSj cfynku ds ekxZ ij vk:<+ gksdj izLiQqfVr djus ds fy, thou ds izfr {k.k eas ftUgsa ix&ix ij izfrdwy ifjfLFkfr;ksa rFkk nq"dj foifÙk;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA cgqr ds fgr ds fy, vkSj cgqqrksa ds lq[k ds fy, yksdfgr dks gh loksZifj le> dj ftUgksaus lgt gh lqyHk lq[k&oSHko dks fruds ds leku rqPN le> dj loZnk ds fy, frykatfy ns nha ;g egku~ R;kx ,oa ohjrk dk dk;Z gSA ,sls ijkØeh

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

nkuohj vkSj R;kxh iq:"kksa dk tUe nqyZHk gSA dkSu ,slk Ñrèu gksxk tks ,sls vuks[ks ekuo&iq=k dks egkekuo vkSj yksd uk;d dgs fcuk jg lds\ ,sls gh fojys egkekuo izKk&iznhi izTTofyr dj rFkk lR;fu"Bk ds jE; jFk ij vk:<+ gksdj ekuo lekt dks thou ds Js"Bre ewY;ksa dks ij[kus dh {kerk iznku dj thou ds ikoure y{; rd igqp a us ds fy, fn'kk&funsZ'k djrs gSaA blh lR; dk lk{kkr~dkj djus ds fy, lqdjkr dks tgj dk tke ihuk iM+k] ekfVZu ywFkj dks ftUnk gh vkx esa tyk fn;k x;k] bZ'kkelhg dks lwyh ij >wyuk iM+k vkSj gtjr eqgEen dks izk.kksa ls gkFk /ksus iM+sA Kku]

'khy] d:.kk vkSj eS=kh dh HkO;&Hkkouk ls vksrizksr] lekuRo vkSj Lora=krk ds vxznwr xkSre cq¼ dks ix&ix ij vikj d"V lgus iM+sA ijUrq os lc ej dj Hkh vej gks x;sA vkt lalkj esa mudh ;'kksxkFkk;sa dksfV&dksfV ekuoksa dh izsj.kk&lzksr cu xbZA cksf/lRo ckck lkgsc Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj Hkh ,sls gh fojys egkiq:"k FksA ftu fodV lkekftd] /kfeZd] jktuSfrd ,oa vkfFkZd ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa Mk- vEcsMdj iSnk gq, vkSj vius 65 o"kZ ds la?k"kZe; thou esa mUgsa ftl izdkj dh eqlhcrkas dk lkeuk djuk iM+k] ,sls ladV 'kk;n gh fdlh vU; egkiq:"k ds thou esa ?kVs gksaA

^,d vPNh ljdkj ,d leqnk; dks nwljs leqnk; ds 'kks"k.k ls cpk, vkSj vkarfjd fgalk vkSj O;oLFkk ij fu;a=k.k djs*


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG dYiuk dhft, fd ,d rjiQ Hkkjr ds izk;% lHkh jktuSfrd] /kfeZd rFkk lkekftd fgUnw usrk bl ckr ij rqys gq, Fks fd vNwrksa dks fdlh Hkh izdkj ds vf/dkj ugha feyus pkfg,A m/j Mk- vEcsMdj flag dh rjg ngkM+ dj dg jgs Fks fd lEiw.kZ ekuoh; vf/dkjksa dks izkIr djus djus rFkk lEeku iwoZd thou fcrkus ds fy, Hkkjr ds nfyrksa&'kksf"krks la?k"kZ tkjh j[kksA lerk] Lora=krk ds vk/kj ij lEeku iwoZd thou ;kiu djuk ekuo dk tUefl¼ vf/dkj gSA mUgksaus gkFk es cUnwd ysdj 'kiFk yh Fkh fd ;fn eSa nfyr lekt dk mRFkku djus esa vleFkZ jgk rks eSa xksyh ekj dj vkRe&gR;k dj yawxkA blesa rfud Hkh lUnsg ugha fd nfyr lekt us tks vHkwriwoZ mUufr dh gS mldk ,dek=k Js; Mk- vEcsMdj dks gh gSA okLro esa ;fn vkneh esa vnE; mRlkg vkSj dqN dj fn[kkus dh ifo=k vfHkyk"kk gks rks ifjfLFkfr;ka vkneh dks xqyke ugha cuk ldrhaA ckck lkgsc dk thou&izokg bldk ToyUr mnkgj.k gSA Lo;a Mk- vEcsMdj us tfLVl xksfoUn jkukMs ds 101osa tUeksRlo ij ,d egkiq:"k dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk ftØ djrs gq, dgk Fkk& ^^,d egkiq:"k esa lR;fu"Bk dk gksuk vko';d gS] D;kasfd ;g mu lHkh xq.kksa dk lkj gS ftuls euq"; egku~ dgykrk gSA ijUrq ,d euq"; dks egku cukus ds fy, mlds ikl ek=k lR;fu"Bk ds vfrfjDr dqN vkSj Hkh gksuk vko';d gSA ,d euq"; lR;fu"B gksrs gq, Hkh ew[kZ gks ldrk gS vkSj ,d ew[kZ ,d egkiq:"k ds xq.kksa ls fcYdqy foijhr gksrk gSA og euq"; egku~ gS tks vkifÙkdky esa lekt dh lqj{kk dk ekxZ cukrk gSA ijUrq og D;k oLrq gS tks mls ekxZ iznku djrh gS\ og dsoy izKk ds cy ij gh ekxZ izkIr dj ldrk gSA izKk izdk'k gSA blds vfrfjDr vkSj dksbZ xq.k ykHknk;d ugha gks ldrkA vr% ;g fcYdqy Li"V gS fd izKk vkSj lR;fu"Bk ds leUo; ds vHkko esa dksbZ euq"; egku~ ugha cu ldrkA** fulUnsg MkvEcsMdj eas ;s lkjs gh ln~xq.k ekStwn FksA fcuk 'khy ds izKk nq/k: ryokj ds leku gS tks fdlh dh gR;k rd dj ldrhA ijUrq

ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj izKk ls iznhIr rFkk 'khy ls lEiUu d:.kk ds dxkj ij [kM+s] ekuo dks ^ftvks vkSj thus nks* dk 'kk'or ,oa yksdksidkjh lUns'k thou i;ZUr nssrs jgsA fo|k&okfjf/] nqf[k;ksa&nfyrksa ds HkkX;&fo/krk] Lora=k Hkkjr ds lafo/ku fuekZrk ,oa izFke fof/ea=kh ijeiwT;] fuR;&oUnuh; ckck lkgc Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj ,d egku~ lekt lq/kjd] egku~ fopkjd] lPps ekuork ds vk/kjd] mPpdksfV ds ys[kd&Hkkoqd rFkk lPps ns'k&HkDr FksA os chloha lnh ds ;qx&fuekZrk] ;qx&iq:"k vkSj yksduk;d FksA Hkkjr esa ,drk LFkkfir djus ds fy, mUgksus gj lEHko iz;Ru fd;kA vuhfr vkSj vR;kpkjksa dk lewy fouk'k djus ds fy, rFkk izse&oU/qrk ,oa eS=kh dh HkO;&Hkkouk dk lEiw.kZ jk"Vª esa lapkj djus ds mís'; ls mUgksaus vkthou la?k"kZ fd;kA ,d ckj mUgksaus dgk Hkh Fkk& ^^eSa fdlh ,sls O;fDr dks tks tkfr&ik¡fr ;k /kfeZd Hksn&Hkko esa fo'okl j[krk gks] usrk ekuus ds fy, rS;kj ughaA** os nwljksa dks gh ugha dgrs Fks vfirq mls loZiFz ke vius thou dk fl¼kUr cuk ysrs FksA fojks/h Hkkoukvksa dk vuko';d os dHkh Hkh Lokxr ugha djrs Fks vfirq ,d&jk"Vª ,oa lkoZtfud vUrjkRek dk lnk leFkZu djrs FksA eækl esa ^^tfLVl ikVhZ** dh ,d lHkk esa mUgksaus dgk Fkk& ^^eSa vczkã.kksa ls dgrk gwa&,drk lokZf/d ewY;oku gSA le; jgrs bl f'k{kk dks Þn;Äõe dj yksA** lfn;ksa ls ncs&fiNM+s vkSj nfyr] vNwr] vR;at rFkk vkfnoklh vkfn visf{kr] ;fn vkt izxfr&iFk ij vxzlj gq, gS rks bldk Js; ckck lkgc Mk- vEcsMdj dks gh fn;k tk ldrk gSA D;k ;g nfyrks}kj dk dk;Z fdlh ns'kæksgh dk gks ldrk gS\ D;k nfyr bl ns'k ds vfHkUu vax ugha gS\ vkSj ;fn nfyr bl ns'k ds vfHkUu vax gS rks D;k muds Þn;&lezkV~ ,oa ije fgrS"kh MkvEcsMdj ,d lPps ns'kHkDr ugha\ bu iz'uksa dk mÙkj udkjkRed ugha fn;k tk ldrk gSA dqN xka/hoknh O;fDr mudh ns'kHkfDr ij lUnsg izdV djrs gSa vkSj mudks jk"Vª&uk;d ekuus ls budkj djrs gSA

D;ksafd mUgksaus xka/h ds usr`Ro esa Lora=krk&laxzke esa Hkkx ugha fy;k vkSj u gh tsy gh x;sA ^^tkfr&ik¡fr rksM+d eaMy** esa nsus ds fy, rS;kj fd;s x;s Hkk"k.k esa mUgksaus bl ckr dk lgh mÙkj fn;k Fkk& fd LojkT; laxzke tc vki yM+rs gSa rks lkjk jk"Vª vki ds lkFk gksrk gS fdUrq bl tkfr&Hksn&fouk'kd laxkz e esa Lo; eaMy lkjs jk"Vª ls la?k"kZ djuk gksrk gS vkSj og jk"Vª Hkh dksbZ nwljk ugha Lo;a viuk ghA esjs fopkj esa rks eaMy dk ;g dk;Z LojkT; ls vf/d egÙoiw.kZ gSA ml LojkT; ls D;k ykHk ;fn ge mldh j{kk ugha dj ldrsA** mudk dguk Fkk fd igys ge vius gh ns'k ds lfn;ksa ds xqyke vNwr rFkk vkfnokfl;ksa dks nklrk ls eqDr dj vius cjkcj ekuoksfpr vf/dkj nsa vkSj lEiw.kZ jk"Vª ,d gksdj fons'kh lÙkk dks {k.k Hkj esa viuh fo'kky lkewfgd 'kfDr ls m[kkM+ iQsd a Aas D;kafs d vNwr ,oa vkfnoklh nksgjh xqykeh dh tathjksa ls tdM+s gq, gSa ,d lo.kZ fgUnqvksa ls nwljs fiQjafx;ksa lsA ijUrq xka/h th rFkk vU; fgUnw usrkvksa dks bu fcuk iSls ds xqykeksa ds xqykeksa dks vktkn djus esa ykHk fn[kkbZ ugha fn;kA Li"VoDrk ckck lkgc us dgk Fkk&^^czkã.kksa us lqO;ofLFkr <ax ls lekt dk f'kdkj fd;k gS vkSj /eZ ls vuqfpr ykHk mBk;kA iqjk.k vkSj 'kkL=k] ftudh mlus NdM+ksa Hkj jpuk dh] lc ,sls fo/kuksa ls iw.kZ gSa] ftudk mi;ksx mlus xjhc] vf'kf{kr vkSj vU/ fo'oklh turk dks ew[kZ cukus] Bxus vkSj / ks[kk nsus ds fy, fd;kA** HknUr vkuUn dkS'kY;k;u us Bhd fy[kk gS& ^^fgUnqLrku dks rks LojkT; fey x;kA fgUnqLrku ds nfyr oxZ dks lkekftd LojkT; dc feysxk\** ckck lkgc D;k pkgrs Fks\ bldk lgh mÙkj mUgha ds ,d ije vuq;k;h ,oa lg;ksxh Jh ,u- f'kojkt ds lu~ 1958 esa dkuiqj esa ,d lkoZtfud lHkk esa fn, x, Hkk"k.k esa fey tkrk gSA mUgksaus dgk Fkk&^^ gesa ns'k esa ,d egku~ ifjorZu ykuk gSA og ifjorZu gksxk Hkkjr dh vLlh iQhlnh turk ds gkFkksa esa lPps LojkT; dks lkSaidj vktknh dh uhao dks etcwr djukA** rFkkdfFkr yksx mDr ckr dks ysdj ;fn ckck lkgc dh ns'kHkfDr

^èkeZ dk vFkZ ;g ugha fd ge nwljs yksxksa dh èkkfeZd Hkkoukvksa dks fcYdqy gh Hkqyk nsa*


ij lUnsg djrs gSa rks eSa dgwaxk fd ;s yksx ew[kZ gS! /wrZ gS!! dwi eaMwd ladqfpr Þn; gSA ,ssls yksx Lo;a gh ns'kæksgh gSA tks yksx pUn eqêòh Hkj yksxksa dks vktknh dks lEiw.kZ jk"Vª dh vktknh ekurs gS_ ns'k ds ekFks ij dyad gSA ,sls yksx LojkT; dh j{kk ugha dj ldrsA blh fy, LojkT; dh ppkZ djrs gq, ckck lkgc us dgk Fkk&^^vktknh eq>s Hkh I;kjh gSA eSa Hkh vktknh pkgrk gwa] eq>s ;g dgus dh vkKk nhft, fd yUnu dh xksyest lHkk esa vktknh ds fy, eSa ftruk yM+k vkSj >xM+k gwa vkSj vaxszth gdwer dh eSaus ftruh uqdrkphuh dh gS] oSlh fdlh us ugha dhA ysfdu eSa ns'k dh vktknh ls t:jh vius vNwr Hkkb;ksa dh vktknh le>rk gwaA** bruh xEHkhj eeZLi'khZ ^^cgqtu&fgrk;] cgqtu&lq[kk;** dh Hkkoukvksa dh vfHkO;fDr dksbZ egku~ ns'kHkDr ,oa jk"Vªuk;d gh dj ldrk gS] dksbZ ns'kæksgh ughaA ns'kæksgh rks foèoa'k dh Hkkouk HkjsxkA MkW- vEcsMdj dh Hkk¡fr jk"Vª&fuekZ.k dh dkeuk ugha djsxkA dkaxzsl ds fojks/h os vo'; Fks ijUrq mUgha ckrksa ds tks i{kikriw.kZ ;k vchf¼d gksrh FkhA mUgksaus ,d ckkj mDr fopkj Li"V djrs gq, dgk Fkk]^^fu%lUnsg eSa dkaxszl dk fojks/h jgk gwaA ysfdu lkFk eas fojks/ ds fy, fojks/ djus esa fo'okl ugha djrkA tgka lg;ksx djus es dqN izkIr gksrk gks ogk¡ ge esa lg;ksx dh Hkkouk gksuh pkfg,A** ;gh dkj.k gS fd tc LorU=k Hkkjr dh izFke ljdkj cuh rks mUgksaus dkaxzsl dk fojks/h gksus ij Hkh ea=kh eaMy esa lfEefyr gksuk Lohdkj dj fy;kA bl ckr dh iqf"V eaf=keaMy ls R;kxi=k nssrs le; fn;s x;s Hkk"k.k ls gks tkrh gSaA mUgksaus dgk Fkk& ^^iz/kuea=kh ds izLrko dks dsoy blfy, Lohdkj dj fy;k fd tc eq>s jk"Vª&fuekZ.k ds dk;Z esa dqN lg;ksx nsus ds fy, dgk tk jgk gS rks eq>s bUdkj ugha djuk pkfg,A** dksbsZ ns'kækssgh bl iquhr jk"Vª&fuekZ.k ds dk;Z dks djus ds fy, m|r gks gh ugha ldrkA ;g dk;Z rks dksbZ lPpk&lÞn; ns'kHkDr gh iwjk djus dk ladYi dj ldrk gSA Lora=k Hkkjr ds lafo/ ku fuekZ.k dk dk;Z Hkh mudks gh lkSik x;k vkSj mUgksua s bl iquhr egku~ dk;Z dks liQyrk

iwoZd iw.kZ dj fn[kk;k ml le; rRdkyhu Hkkjr ds foÙkea=kh Jh Vh-Vh- Ñ".kkpk;Z us Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds fuekZrk Mk- vEcsMdj dk vkHkkj izdV djrs gq, lnu eas Li"V fd;k Fkk fd&^^lHkk dks 'kk;n ;g ekywe gS fd mlus tks lkr lnL; fu;qDr fd;s Fks muesa ls ,d us R;kxi=k ns fn;k vkSj mlds LFkku ij vU; O;fDr j[kk x;kA ,d dh e`R;q gks xbZ vkSj mlds LFkku ij dksbZ Hkh O;fDr ugha j[kk x;kA ,d lnL; vejhdk esa Fkk vkSj ,d lnL; jktdk;Z eas O;Lr jgkA ,d ;k nks O;fDr fnYyh ls nwj Fks vkSj lEHkor vLoLFk gksus dh otg ls mifLFkr ugha gks ldsA vURk esa fo/ku dk elkSnk rS;kj djus dk Hkkj MkWvEcsMdj ij vk iM+kA fu%lUnsg ge mu ds vkHkkjh gS fd mUgksaus bl dk;Z dks iz'kaluh; <ax ls iwjk dj fn[kk;kA D;k ;g egku~ dk;Z fdlh ns'kæksgh dks lkSaik tk ldrk Fkk\ ;g ifo=k jk"Vª&fuekZ.k dk dk;Z gh ugha cfYd lafo/ku jk"Vª dh vk/kjf'kyk gSA ;g dk;Z ckck lkgc ln`'k ns'kHkfDr dh Hkkouk ls Hkjiwj O;fDr gh dj ldrk FkkA ,d ckj ckck lkgsc us fgUnqvksa dks psrkouh nsrs gq, dgk Fkk&^^,d vdsyk {kf=k; ns'k dh j{kk djsxk] ;g fdruh vkRe?kkr dh O;oLFkk gSA ,d ds gkFkksa esa ryokj nsdj ml ij fo'okl j[kus ds fy, nwljksa dks dgk x;kA iQyLo:i tc&tc {kf=k;ksa dk ijkHko gqvk] lEiw.kZ ns'k 'k=kqvksa us inkØkUr dj fy;kA** blh ,sfrgkfld rF; dh vksj lnL;ksa dk è;ku vkdf"kZr djrs gq, mUgksaus yksdlHkk esa lafo/ ku izLrqr djrs le; dgk Fkk& ^^ 26 tuojh dks Hkkjr ,d Lora=k ns'k gksxkA bldh Lor=krk dk vkxs D;k gksxk\ ,d le; ;g ns'k Lora=k Fkk ijUrq tks ns'k ,d le; viuh Lora=krk [kks cSSBk] og fiQj nwljh ckj viuh Lora=krk D;k [kks cSBsxk\ bl fopkj ls eq>s ns'k ds Hkfo"; dh fprk gks jgh gSA fgUnh jk"Vª dh Lora=krk u"V gqbZ Fkh] bldk eq>s nq[k gS gh ijUrq vius gh yksxksa ds fo'okl?kkr ls ge Lora=krk ls oafpr gq,] bldk eq>s vf/d nq[k gSA D;k bfrgkl vius dks nqgjk;sxk\ bl fopkj ls esjk eu fpUrkxzLr gSA D;k fgUnh turk vius iaFk ;k i{k dh vis{kk ns'k dks vf/d egRo nsxh] ;k ns'k dh vis{kk viuk ea{k ;k i{k&Js"B le>sxhA ;fn iaFk ;k i{k

dks iz/kurk nh xbZ rks ns'k fiQj ,d ckj eqlhcr es iQ¡l tk;sxkA bl vkifÙk ls geas n`<+rk ds lkFk ns'k dh j{kk djuh pkfg,A jDr dh vfUre cwan rd gesa viuh Lora=krk dh j{kk djuh pkfg,A** fdruh fpUrk Fkh ckck lkgc dks vius ns'k dhA fdruh I;kjh Fkh mudks LorU=krk vkSj LojkT;A muds bl Hkk"k.k es mudk ns'k&izse Nyd mBk gSA Hkkjr vusd er&erkUrjksa dk ns'k gSA mUgksaus lHkh /eZ okyksa ds fy, lekukf/dkj dk fo/ku cuk;kA bl egku~ laoS/kfud /eZ fuis{Z krk ds dkj.k gh Hkkjr ,d ^/eZ fujis{k* (secuiar state) ns'k dgykrk gSA lEiw.kZ ns'kokfl;ksa dh lq[k&'kkfUr dk mUgksaus lafo/ ku esa è;ku j[kkA Hkkjro"kZ dk lafo/ku lerk&lEiUu] izKkiw.kZ tu&fgrdkjh ,oa fo'o 'kkfUr dk |ksrd gSA ckck lkgc us mPp f'k{kk izk;% fons'kksa eas gh izkIr dh FkhA vius thou esa vusd ckj os fo'o&;k=kk ij Hkh x;sA ijUrq mUgksaus Lons'k dh fdlh Hkh vU; ns'k esa fuUnk ugha dh vfirq tgk¡ Hkh x;s Hkkjr ekrk ds Hkky dks mQapk gh fd;kA mudh 'khy&lEiUurk] mPp&vkpj.k vkSj vifjfer fo|k&cy fo'o&fo[;kr gSA Kku ,oa vuqHko ds vk/ kj ij muds }kjk dh xbZ Hkfo";okf.k;k¡ izk;% v{kjl% lR; gqbZ gSA lu~ 1954 esa mUgksaus vkrad&oknh phu ds fo"k; eas dgk Fkk& fd phu dHkh Hkh Hkkjr ij vkØe.k dj ldrk gSA ijUrq usg: th ds iap'khy dk ukjk yxkus okys vkSj ^^fgUnw&phuh HkkbZ&HkkbZ** dk ukjk yxkus okyksa us ckck lkgc dh ckr lquh vulquh dj nhA ijUrq vkt ogh phu Hkkjr dk egku 'k=kq cu dj Hkkjr ij ?kkr yxk, cSBk gS vkSj dkys fo"k/j dh Hkkafr i8QqiQdkj jgk gSA ikfdLrku dk c¡Vokjk Hkh mUgksaus 'kkfUriw.kZ <ax ls djus dk lq>ko fn;k Fkk vkSj Hkkjr dk c¡Vokjk (partion of india) uke dh iqLrd fy[k dj ns'k dks [kwu&[kjkch ls cpkus dk iz;Ru fd;k Fkk fdUrq mudh ckr ugha ekuh xb±A vUr eas ikfdLrku cu dj gh j{kk vkSj gtkjksa izkf.k;ksa ds jDr ls gksyh [ksyh xbZA clq/k jDr&jaftr gqbZA u tkus fdruh ekrkvksa dh sxksnh ds yky

^èkeZ fujis{krk dk vFkZ gS fd ljdkj yksxksa dks dksbZ èkeZ fo'ks"k ekuus ij ckè; u djs*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG yqV x;sA yyukvksa ds ekFks ds flUnwj loZnk ds fy, /qy x;s vkSj u tkusa fdruh cfgusa fcu HkkbZ dh gks xbÂąA jk"VÂŞ vkSj jk"VÂŞ dh iztk ds fgrkssa dk è;ku ,d ns'kHkDr gh dj ldrk gSaA ns'kĂŚksgh dks viuh LFkkFkZiwfrZ ls gh dke gksxk] jk"VÂŞ vkSj jk"VÂŞ dh iztkk mlds fy, pkgs HkkM+ eas tk;sA tc mUgksaus /eZ ijorZu dh ?kks"k.kk dh rc bZlkbZ fe'kufj;ksa vkSj eqlyekuksa dh vksj ls futke gSnjkckn us cgqr cM+s&cM+s ykyp Hkh fn;s fd os muds /eZ dks viuk ysaA ijUrq egku~ ns'kHkDr vkSj nwjn'khZ ckck lkgc us ;g dgdj lkiQ bUdkj dj fn;k fd eSa fdlh Hkh fons'kh&/eZ dks fdlh Hkh 'krZ ij viukus ds fy, rS;kj ughaA blh dkj.k mUgksaus egkdk:f.kd Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cqÂź ds lÂźeZ dks gh viuk;k vkSj vius dksfV&dksfV vuq;kf;;ksa ds lkFk cqÂź gks x;sA cqÂź vkSj ckSÂź /eZ dk izknqHkkZo Hkkjr esa gqvk Fkk vr% os ckSÂź /eZ esa nhf{kr gks x;sA bl dk;Z ds fy, mUgksaus fdlh Hkh vU; ckSÂź&/ekZoyEch ns'k ls lgk;rk dh ;kpuk ugha dhA ;|fi bl le; Hkkjr ckSÂźksa ls izk;% 'kwU; gh FkkA gekjh jk"VÂŞ&irkdk ds eè; esa v'kksd pĂ&#x2DC; (Hkxoku cqÂź ds /eZ&pĂ&#x2DC; izcrZu dk fpĂ&#x17E;) mUgh ds ,d lq>ko dk ifj.kke gSA Hkkjrh; eqĂŚk ij vafdr pkj 'ksj dk fpĂ&#x17E; ckSÂź /eZ ds bfrgkl dks nqgjkrk gSA HkwriwoZ iz/kuea=kh iafMr tokgj yky ysg: us tks ip'khy fo'o ds le{k izLrqr fd;k og Hkxoku cqÂź dk gh mins'k ,oa izsj.kk gSA fu%i{k&Ă&#x17E;n; ls xEHkhjrk iwoZd fopkj djus ij Kkr gksrk gSA fd ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj us ckSÂź /eZ viukdj Hkkjr ds vrhr xkSjo dks vkt fo'o izkax.k esa iznf'kZr fd;k gS vkSj egku~ ns'k HkfDr dk ifjp; fn;k gSA lu~ 1956 esa gh ifjfuokZ.k ls dqN fnu iwoZ mUgkasus dgk Fkk&^^eSa vc xkÂĄo&xkÂĄo ?kwewaxk vkSj xjhcksa dk pkgs os fdlh tkfr ;k /eZ ls lEcU/ j[krs gksa mudk mÂźkj djuk gh esjs thou dk ,dek=k y{; gksxkA** muds fy, lq/kjksa egku dk;ksÂą ,oa muds }kjk fuf[kr lkfgR; ij ;fn ge n`f"Vikr djsa rks ge ;g dgs fcuk jg gh ugha ldrs fd ckck lkgc Mk- vEcsMdj us ekr`Hkwfe dh lPps

Ă&#x17E;n; ls ftruh lsok dh mruh 'kk;n gh fdlh vkSj us dh gksA ^^fgUnw dksM fcy** tc mUgksaus cuk;k rks ,d fnu dqN efgyk,a mudh dksBh ij izn'kZu djus x;haA mu efgykvksa us ckck lkgc ls dgk& ^^ge bl ns'k dh lhrk vkSj lkfo=kh gSA** ^^fgUnw dksM fcy** geas iru esa ys tk,xkA bldk mĂ&#x2122;kj ckck lkgc us bl izdkj fn;k&^^'kjkch&tqvkjh] vkpj.k ghu rFkk lekt ij Hkkj Lo:i ifr viuh iRuh ds lrhRo dh j{kk ugha dj ldrkA ;g fo/ ku ,sls gh L=kh&iq:"kksa dk è;ku j[k dj cuk;k x;k gSA cfguksa! eSa rqEgsa lPps vFkksÂą esa lhrk vkSj lkfo=kh ns[kuk pkgrk gwAa mudk ;g lh/k ljy mĂ&#x2122;kj mudh egkurk ,oa lgn;rk dkk ifjpk;d gSA dksbZ Ă&#x17E;n; 'kwU; O;fDr ns'kHkDr gks gh ugha ldrkA dfooj fnudj us ,d ns'kHkDr ds y{k.k viuh bu nks iafDr;ksa esa cM+s gh lqUn :i ls O;Dr fd, gS& gS Hkjk ugh tks Hkkoksa ls cgrh ftlesa jl/kj ugha] og Ă&#x17E;n; ugha og iRFkj gS ftlesa Lons'k dk I;kj ughaaA

mDr ifDr;ka ckck lkgc ij iw.kZ&:is.k ?kfVr gksrh gSaA ckck lkgc Lo;a egku Hkkoqd Fks vkSj muds vUrLFky esa lerk ekuouk&'kkyhurk ,oa eS=kh dh /kjk cgrh Fkh vkSj Lons'k ds gsrq rks mUgksua s viuk thou gh mRlxZ dj fn;kA mudh ns'kHkfDr ij lUnsg djuk] fnu dks jkr dguk gSA okLrfodrk rks ;g gS fd ckck lkgc Mk- Hkhejko jktth vEcsMdj fo|k&cqfÂź ds fo/krk] 'khy&lEiUu] ekuorkA ds lPps iqtkjh] jk"VÂŞ&uk;d ,oa jk"VÂŞk fuekZrk rFkk egkure ns'kHkfDr dh deuh;&dkeukvksa ,oa HkO; Hkkoukvksa ls vksr&izksr FksA Hkkjr ekrk ds ikou efUnj esa mUgksaus ftrus HkfDrHkkoiw.kZ JÂźk ds iq"i p<+k;s mrus 'kk;n gh fdlh vU; egkiq:"k us p<+k;s gksA /U; gS ckck lkgsc MkDVj Hkhejko jketh vEcsMdj ftUgksaus Hkkjr&ekrk dh lrr lsok dh vkSj iQy dh dHkh bPNk ugha vkSj /U; gS og Hkkjr ekrk ftlus ,ssls liwr dks tUe fn;k ftlus Hkkjr ds djksM+ksa&djksM+ cgqtuksa dk mRFkku dj mUgs lekftd rkuk&ckuk ls tksM+kA

-Â&#x160;V +NMU IODJ ON[M RD OH/U LIMRNM GK YNVM OV Y(FV0GM WDUK GK JNIQ=G NT+NGNHXND $ LUN FK  [\K @ Y NNVG X[M@ H0NV\K MNV0@ NNJQMN IQ<<NK 

^euq"; dk thou fuekZ.k tUe ls ugha deZ ls gksrk gS*


A

efgyk l'kfÙkdj.k ij Mk0 Hkhejko vEcsMdj ds fopkj #

,-,l- Ñ".kk

MkW- Hkhejko vacsMdj efgykvksa dh mUufr ds çcy i{k/j FksA MkvacsMdj ds O;fÙkQRo ij xkSre cq¼ dh f'k{kkvksa rFkk egkRek tksfrjko iQqys ds lkekftd dk;kZs dk cgqr xgjk çHkko FkkA cq¼ us lekurk dk mins'k fn;k vkSj mldk ikyu fd;kA cq¼ /Ee ekuo bfrgkl esa ,slk çFke /eZ Fkk ftlus efgykvksa dks /eZ nh{kk dk vf/dkj fn;kA L=kh&iq:"k lekurk dk mins'k fn;kA egkRek iQqys us 19oha 'krkCnh esa efgykvksa dh f'k{kk ds fy, ,frgkfld dk;Z fd;k FkkA iQqys us viuh iRuh lkfo=kh ckbZ iQqys ds lkFk feydj vusdks dfBukbZ;ksa ds ckotwn efgykvksa ds f'kf{kr djus ds fy, efgyk fo|ky; LFkkfir fd;s vkSj efgykvksa ds chp f'k{kk dk çpkj çlkj fd;kA MkWvacsMdj egkRek iQqys dks viuk xq: ekurs FksA MkW- vEcsMdj dk ekuuk Fkk fd fdlh Hkh lekt dk ewY;kadu bl ckr ls fd;k tkrk gS fd ml lekt esa efgykvksa dh D;k fLFkfr gS\ dkykarj esa efgykvksa dh fLFkfr n;uh; gksrh xbZ vkSj muds fy, f'k{kk ds }kj yxHkx can dj fn, x,A lafo/ku çk:i lfefr dk vè;{k Mk- vacsMdj dks pquk x;k FkkA gekjs lafo/ku fuekZrkvksa us ftlesa Mk- vacsMdj dh vge Hkwfedk Fkh] lHkh ukxfjdksa dks cjkcj dk gd fn;k gSA vktkn Hkkjr ds igys dkuwu ea=kh ds :i esa Mk- vacsMdj us efgyk l'kfÙkQdj.k ds fy, dbZ dne mBk,A efgykvksa dks vkSj vf/ d vf/dkj nsus rFkk mUgsa l'kÙkQ cukus ds fy, lu 1951 esa mUgksaus ^fganw dksM fcy* laln esa is'k fd;kA Mk- vacsMdj dk ekuuk Fkk fd lgh ek;us esa çtkra=k rc vk;sxk tc efgykvksa dks iSr`d laifÙk esa cjkcjh dk fgLlk feysxk vkSj mUgsa iq:"kksa ds leku vf/dkj fn,

fgLlk feysxk pkgs oks dgha Hkh gksA bl rjg efgykvksa dks vkfFkZd :i ls vkRefuHkZj cukus esa Mk- vacMs dj us cgqr ljkguh; dke fd;kA vkt tc efgyk vkj{k.k fo/s;d yksdlHkk esa fopkjk/hu gS] efgyk l'kfÙkQdj.k ij MkW- vacMs dj ds fopkj vkSj Hkh çklafxd gks tkrs gSAa efgyk l'kfÙkQdj.k vkUnksyu ij tc dHkh dksbZ lkfgR; fy[kk tk,xk] Mk- vacMs dj dk uke Lof.kZe v{kjksa esa fy[kk tk,xkA

tk,axsA Mk- vacsMdj dk n`<- fo'okl Fkk fd efgykvksa dh mUufr rHkh laHko gksxh tc mUgsa ?kj ifjokj vkSj lekt esa lkekftd cjkcjh dk ntkZ feysxkA f'k{kk vkSj vkfFkZd mUufr mUgsa lkekftd cjkcjh fnykus esa enn djsxhA vf•y Hkkjrh; nfyr oxZ efgyk lEesyu ds nwljs l=k esa ckcklkgsc us dgk Fkk fd efgykvksa ds laxBu esa esjk vR;f/d fo'okl gSA eSa tkurk gwa fd ;fn os vk'oLr gks tk,a rks lekt dks lq/kjus ds fy, D;k ugha dj ldrh gSa\ mUgksaus dgk fd eSa fL=k;ksa ds mRFkku vkSj eqfÙkQ dk lcls cM+k leFkZd jgk gwa vkSj vius leqnk; esa fL=k;ksa dh fLFkfr lq/kjus dk eSaus Hkjld ç;kl fd;k gS vkSj eq>s bl ij xoZ gSA ckck lkgsc vacsMdj çk;% dgk djrs Fks fd eSa ^fgUnw dksM* fcy ikl djkdj Hkkjr dh leLr ukjh tkfr dk dY;k.k djuk pkgrk gwaA eSaus fgUnw dksM ij fopkj gksus okys fnuksa esa ifr;ksa }kjk ifjR;ÙkQrk vusd ;qofr;ksa vkSj çkS<A efgykvksa dks ns•k ftUgsa ifr;ksa us R;kxdj muds thou& fuokZg ds fy, uke ek=k dk pkj&ikap :i;k ekfld xqtkjk cka/ k gqvk FkkA og ,slh n;uh; n'kk ds fnu vius ekrk&firk ;k HkkbZ&cU/qvksa ds lkFk u dsoy Lo;a jks&jksdj O;rhr dj jgh FkhaA muds vfHkHkkod Hkh vius iqf=k;ksa dh bl fLFkfr ls nq•h jgrs FksA fgUnw dksM ds ikl gks tkus ij ,slh nq%f•r vkSj fujhg efgyk;sa dkuwu ds cycwrs ij ,sls vR;kpkjh ifr;ksa ls fi.M NqM+kdj rykd gkfly dj ldrh Fkha vkSj thou&;kiu ds fy, nwljk fookg Hkh dj ldrh FkhaA ^fgUnw dksM* dh çcy fo'ks"krk ;g Hkh Fkh fd fdUgha Hkh nks fgUnw oj&o/qvksa

dk fookg pkgs mudk ijLij o.kZ Hksn ;k tkfr Hksn dSlk o fdruk Hkh D;ksa u gks oS/ ekuk tkrk gS vkSj muls mRiUu lUrku iSr`d lEifÙk esa oS/ vf/dkjh cu tkrh gSA tcfd bl dkuwu ls igys le; esa 'krkfCn;ksa ls çpfyr ijLij fojks/h o.kks±] tkfr;ksa mitkfr;ksa esa gq, fookg esa ls mRiUu lUrku iSr`d lEifÙk esa va'k ;k fgLlk çkIr djus ds fy, oS/ ;k tk;t lUrku ugha ekuh tkrh FkhA lfn;ksa ls çpfyr :f<+;ksa ds vuqlkj nÙkd ;k xksn ysus dh çFkk dsoy ltkrh; ;k nksgrk dks gh lqfo/k nsrh Fkh fdUrq fgUnw dksM u dsoy fdlh Hkh fgUnw ckyd dks nÙkd ;k xksn ysus dk vf/dkj fnyokrk Fkk cfYd fdlh dU;k dks Hkh xksn fy;k tk ldrk gS vkSj og xksn ysus okys ekrk firk dh lEifÙk esa vf/dkj çkIr djrh gSdqN dkj.kksa dh otg ls fgUnw dksM fcy ml le; laln esa ikfjr ugha gks ldk] ysfdu ckn esa fgUnw dksM fcy vyx vyx Hkkxksa esa tSls fgUnw fookg dkuwu] fgUnw mÙkjkf/dkj dkuwu vkSj fgUnw xqtkjk ,oa xksn ysus laca/h dkuwu ds :i esa vyx&vyx ukeksa ls ikfjr gqvk ftlesa efgykvksa dks iq:"kksa ds cjkcj vf/dkj fn, x,A ;s gj Hkkjrh; ds fy, xkSjo dh ckr gS fd vc la;qÙkQ fgUnw ifjokj esa iq=kh dks Hkh iq=k ds leku cjkcj dk Hkkxhnkj ekuk tkrk gSA bl ckr ls dksbZ iQdZ ugha iM+rk fd iq=kh fookfgr gS ;k vfookfgrA gj yM+dh dks yM+ds ds gh leku lkjs vf/dkj çkIr gSaA la;qÙkQ ifjokj dh laifÙk dk foHkktu gksus ij iq=kh dks Hkh iq=k ds leku cjkcj dkA ys•d ,d lkekftd fopkjd vkSj lkfgR;dkj gSa

^'kks"k.k rHkh jksdk tk ldrk gS tc lekt ds leLr lkèkuksa ij ljdkj dk vfèkdkj gks*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG



W/XSYLqPMTDLHK%LTBKHSTH4B=

A

fgUnw 'kkL=k dgrs gSa fd vNwrksa dks xk¡o ls ckgj jguk pkfg,] ftUgsa ^vNwr ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k gS] mUgsa xk¡o ds vUnj jgus dh vkKk ugha gksuh pkfg,] cfYd mUgsa xkao&ckgj tkdj xk¡o ds ckgj gh jgus ds fy, etcwj djuk pkfg,A lEHkkouk ;g gS fd vNwr igys xk¡o ds vUnj jgrs jgs gSa] ckn eas tc muds ekFks ij ^vNwriu* dk Vhdk yxk] rks os xk¡o dks [kkyh djds xk¡o ls ckgj tkdj jgus ij etcwj gq,A tks yksx ^vNwr* 'kq: ls gh xk¡o ds ckgj jgrs Fks vkSj ckn esa ^vNwr* cuk fn;s tkus ds dkj.k mUgksaus ckgj gh jguk tkjh jD[kkA ysfdu blls ,d cgqr gh dfBu iz'u iSnk gksrk gSA os xk¡o ds ckgj D;ksa jgrs Fks\

vNwr xk¡o ls ckgj D;kas jgrs gS\ ;g ckr bruh vf/d cnuke gS fd tks yksx muds ckjs esa vf/d dqN ugha tkurs] ;s Hkh bruh ckr rks tkurs gh gSaA bruk gksus ij Hkh dHkh fdlh us ugha lkspk fd ;g xEHkhj iz'u gS]a ftldk larks"k&tud mÙkj feyuk gh pkfg;sA ;g dSls gqvk fd vNwr xk¡o ls ckgj jgus yx x;s\ D;k os igys ^vNwr* ?kksf"kr dj fn;s x;s vkSj rc mUgsa xk¡o&ckgj fudkydj xk¡o ds ckgj gh clk fn;k x;k\ vFkok os igys ls gh xk¡o ds ckgj jgrs Fks] vkSj mUgsa ihNs ^vNwr* ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k\ ;fn gekjk ;g mÙkj gks fd ;g igys ls gh xk¡o ds ckgj jgrs Fks] rks vxyk iz'u ;gh iSnk gksrk gS fd bldk dkj.k D;k Fkk\ D;ksafd vNwrksa ds xk¡o ds ckgj jgus ds iz'u ij igys dHkh fdlh us fopkj gh ugha fd;k] blfy, LoHkkor% bl ckjs eas fdlh dk dqN Hkh fl¼kUr ugha gSaA gk¡] fgUnw 'kkL=kksa dh ,d n`f"V vo'; gSA ;fn dksbZ mls gh fl¼kUr dk ntkZ nsuk pkgs] rks Hkys gh ns ysA 'kkL=k dgrs gS fd ^vUR;tksa* dks xk¡o ds ckgj jguk pkfg,] mudh cLrh xk¡o ds ckgj gksuh pkfg,A mnkgj.k ds fy;s euq dk dFku gS&

^xqykeh yEch ftanxh ls vktknh dk dqy iyksa dk thou dgha vPNk gS*


pk.Mky'"kipkukUrq cfgekZekr~ izfrJ;%A viik=kk'p drZO;k /ues"kka 'oxnZHke~AA (10]51) "kklkafl ewrpsykfu fHkUuHkk.kMs"kq Hkksstue~A dk".kkZ; leyadkj% fjiczT;k p fuR;'k%AA (10]52) u rS% le; efUoPNsr~ iq:"kks /ekZekpju~A O;ogkjksa feFkLrs"kka fookg% lg'kS% lgAA (10]53) Hk=kes"kka ijk/hua ns;a L;knw fHkUuHkktusA jk=kkS u fopjs;qLrs vkes"kq uxj"kq pAA (10]54) fnok pjs;q% dk;kZFkZ fpfUgrk jkt'kkluS%A HkckU/oa 'koa psc fugjs;qfjfr fLFkfr%A (10]55) cè;ka'p gU;q% lrra ;Fkk 'kkL=ka u`ikK;kA cè;cklkafl x`g.kks;q% 'kÕ;k'pkHkj.kkfu pAA (10]56) vFkZ&^^ pk.Mkyksa vkSj 'oikdksa dk fuokl xk¡o ds ckgj gksxkA mUgsa Hkiik=k cuk nsuk gksxkA mudh lEifÙk dqÙks vkSj x/s gksaxsA** (10]51) ^^mUgs eqíksa ds mrkju iguus gksaxs] iQwVs crZuksa esa Hkkstu djuk gksxk] muds xgus dkys yksgs ds gkaxs vkSj mUgs lnSo txg&txg ?kwers jguk gksxkA** (10]52) ^^dksbZ vkneh] tks fdlh /kfeZd ÑR; esa yxk gks] muls fdlh izdkj dk ljksdkj u j[ksxkA os vkil esa gh viuk lc O;ogkj j[ksaxs vkSj vius fookg Hkh viuh cjkcjh okyksa ds lkFk djasxsA**A (10]53) ^^mudk Hkkstu mUgs fdlh ukSdj vkfn }kjk VwVs gq, crZu esa fn;k tk;xkA jkr dks os xk¡o ;k uxj esa ?kwe u ldaxsA**(10]54) ^^fnu eas os vius dke ds fy, tk ldrs gSa] fdUrq mUgsa jktkKk ls lfpUg gksuk pkfg,A gk¡] ;g fu;e fuf'pr gS fd mUgs ,sls O;fDr;ksa dh yk'k <ksdj ys tkuh gksxh ftudk dksbZ lEcU/h u gksA** (10]55) ^^jktkKk ls mUgs gh n.M&uhfr ds vuqlkj lnSo vijkf/;ksa dh gR;k djuh gksxh vkSj os mu vijkf/;ksa ds oL=k] fcLrjs vkSj xgus ys ldsaxsA** (10]56) ysfdu 'kkL=kksa ds bu dFkuksa dk D;k vFkZ le>k tk;\ buds nks vFkZ gks ldrs gSAa tc 'kkL=k dgrs gSa fd vNwrksa dks xk¡o ls ckgj jguk pkfg,] rks mudk bruk gh vFkZ gks ldrk gS fd vNwrksa dks xk¡o ls ckgj tgk¡ os Bgjrs jgs gSa] ogha jguk pkfg, ;g ,d vFkZ gSA nwljk vFkZ ;g gks ldrk gS fd ftUgsa ^vNwr ?kksf"kr dj fn;k x;k gS] mUgsa xk¡o ds vUnj jgus dh vkKk ugha gksuh pkfg,] cfYd mUgsa xkao&ckgj tkdj xk¡o ds ckgj gh jgus ds fy, etcwj djuk pkfg,A 'kkL=kksa dh bu nksuksa O;k[;kvksa ls nks lEHkkouk;sa mRiUu gksrh gSaA ,d rks ;g fd vNwrksa ds xk¡o ls ckgj tkdj jgus dk ^vNwriu* ls dksbZ lEcU/ ugha gSA ,dne vkjEHk ls gh os xk¡o ds ckgj jgrs vk;s gSAa blds ckn tc muds ekFks ij ^vNwriu* dk Vhdk yxk] rks mudk xk¡o esa vkuk fuf"k¼ gks x;kA nwljh lEHkkouk ;g gS fd ^vNwriu* dk vNwrksa ds xk¡o ls ckgj tkdj jgus ls iwjk&iwjk lEcU/ gS nwljs 'kCnksa esa vNwr igys xk¡o ds vUnj jgrs jgs gSa] ckn eas tc muds ekFks ij ^vNwriu* dk Vhdk yxk] rks os xk¡o dks [kkyh djds xk¡o ls ckgj tkdj jgus ij etcwj gq,A bu nksuks ckrksa esa dkSu&lh ckr vf/d ekU; gS\

;g nwljh lEHkkouk rks Li"V rkSj ij gh ,d fujFkZd vkSj csflj&iSj dh dYiuk gSA blds [kks[kysiu dks fn[kkus ds fy, ,d gh rdZ i;kZIr gSA ge ftl ckr ij fopkj dj jgs gSa] og fdlh xk¡o vFkok fdlh {ks=k dh ckr ugha gSA ;g leLr Hkkjr o"kZ esa O;kIr gSA vNwrks dks xk¡o esa ls fudkydj ckgj clkuk cgqr cM+h ckr gSAa fdlus vkSj dSls ;g bruh cM+h ckr dh gksxh\ fdlh pØorhZ jktk dh vkKk ds fcuk ugha gks ldrk FkkA muds fy, Hkh bl izdkj ,d txg ls gVkdj nwljh txg clkuk lEHko dk;Z u FkkA pkgs lEHko gks] pkgs vlEHko] ;g fdlh pØorhZ jktk dk gh dk;Z gks ldrk gSA og dkSu&lk pØorhZ jktk gS ftls bl dk;Z dk Js; vFkok vJs; fn;k tk ldrk gS\ Li"V gh gS fd Hkkjr esa dksbZ ,slk jktk ugha gqvk] ftlus ;g dk;Z fd;k gksA ;fn Hkkjr esa ,slk dksbZ jktk ugha gqvk] rks ;g nwljh lEHkkouk NksM+ nsuh pkfg,A vc ftl ckr ij fopkj fd;k tk ldrk gS] og ;gh gS fd tks yksx ^vNwr* 'kq: ls gh xk¡o ds ckgj jgrs Fks vkSj ckn esa ^vNwr* cuk fn;s tkus ds dkj.k mUgksaus ckgj gh jguk tkjh jD[kkA ysfdu blls ,d cgqr gh dfBu iz'u iSnk gksrk gSA os xk¡o ds ckgj D;ksa jgrs Fks\ mUgsa ,slk djus ds fy, fdlus etcwj fd;k\ bldk mÙkj ;gh gS fd lekt&'kkL=k ds fo|kFkhZ dks lalkj&Hkj esa vkjfEHkd lekt ds orZeku :i /kj.k dj ysus ds lEcU/ eas ftu ckrksa dh tkudkjh gS] mudk [;ky djds ;g ekuuk LokHkkfod yxrk gS fd ^vNwr* vkjEHk ls gh xk¡o ds ckgj jgrs vk;s gSaA 'kk;n vf/d yksx tc rd mUgsa mu ckrksa dh dqN U;k[;k u dj nh tk;xh ftuds dkj.k izkjfEHkd lekt us orZeku Lo:i xzg.k dj fy;k] rc rd os ;g ugha le> ldsxa s fd mi;ZDr er LokHkkfod D;ksa gS\ bl ckr dks vPNh rjg le>us ds fy, ;g vko';d gS fd ge bl ckr dks è;ku eas j[ksa fd orZeku lekt izkjfEHkd lekt ls nks ckrksa esa fHkUu gSA izkjfEHkd lekt ^?kqeUr~&tkfr;ks*a dk cuk Fkk vkSj orZeku lekt ^fLFkjrkiwod Z ,d txg clh gqbZ tkfr;ksa* dk lewg gS] nwljs] izkjfEHkd lekt jDr&lEcU/ ij vkfJr ifjokj&tkfr;ksa dk ,d lewg Fkk% orZeku lekt {ks=kxr LFkkuh; tkfr;ksa dk lewg gSA nwljs 'kCnksa esa izkjfEHkd lekt us orZeku Lo:i rd igq¡pus ds fy, nks vkSj viuk fodkl fd;k gSA fodkl dh ,d /kjk us izkjfEHkd lekt dks (jDr&vkfJr) ifjokj&tkfr dh voLFkk ls gksdj {ks=kxr tkfr dh voLFkk dks igq¡pk fn;k gS blesa dksbZ lansg ugha fd ,slk ifjorZu gqvk gSA bl izdkj ds ifjorZu ds Li"V fpUg jktkvksa dh ljdkjh mikf/;ksa esa fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA vaxzsth jktkvksa dh mikf/;ksa dks gh yhft,A og igyk ckn'kkg Fkk ftlls vius vki dks b¡xySaM dk ckn'kkg dgkA mlds iwot Z lkekU; rFkk vius vkidks vaxt zs ksa dk jktk dgrs vk;s FksA igyk dFku ,d {ks=kxr tkfr dk izfrfuf/Ro djrk gS] nwljk ,d ifjokj&tkfr dkA b¡xySaM dHkh ,d ns'k Fkk] tgka vaxst z Hkh fuokl djrs FksA vc vaxzst os yksx gSa tks b¡xySaM esa fuokl djrs gSaA blh izdkj dk ifjorZu izQkalhlh ujs'kksa dh mikf/;ksa esa Hkh fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA dHkh os ^izQkalhlh yksxksa ds jktk dgykrs Fks fdUrq vkxs pydj &izQkal ds jktk* dgykus yxs fodkl dh nwljh /kjk us izkjfEHkd lekt dks &?kqeUr~ lkekt* u jgus nsdj ,d &fLFkj&fuokl&izkIr

^nq[k fuokj.k ds fy, ckS¼ èkeZ dk ekxZ gh lqjf{kr ekxZ gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG lekt* cuk;kA ;gk¡ Hkh ;g ifjorZu bruk fuf'pr vkSj izHkkoksRiknd gS fd budh okLrfodrk dk fo'okl djkus ds fy, fdlh mnkgj.k dh vko';drk ughaA bl le; gesa vius eryc ds fy, bruk gh i;kZIr gS fd ge fodkl dh nwljh /kjk ij fopkj djsaA izkjfEHkd lekt fdl izdkj ^?kqeUrw&lekt* u jgdj ^fLFkj&clk gqvk lekt* cu x;k\ izkjfEHkd lekt ds ?kqeUrw&lekt u jg dj fLFkj&clk gqvk lekt cuus dh dFkk bruh vf/d yEch gS fd og ,d ifjPNsn esa vk gh ugha ldrhA dsoy nks ckrksa dh vkSj è;ku nsuk i;kZIr gksxkA igyh ckr tks le>us dh gS og ;gh gS fd fdl pht us izkjfEHkd lekt ls mldk ?kqeUrw thou Nq<+k fn;k\ nwljs ?kqeUrw thou ls fLFkj cls gq, thou rd igq¡pus ds chp mls fdl&fdl voLFkk esa ls xqtjuk iM+k\ fuLlUnsg izkjfEHkd lekt ^?kqeUrw&lekt* FkkA fdUrq og ?kqeUrw vius fdlh dkj.k ;gh Fkk fd izkjfEHkd lekt dk /u i'kq Fks] vkSj i'kq ?kqeUrw FksA i'kq ubZ pjkxkgksa dh [kkst esa ?kwers FksA izkjfEHkd lekt vius i'kq&izse ds dkj.k tgk¡&tgk¡ mlds i'kq mls ys tkrs] ogk¡&ogk¡ muds ihNs&ihNs tkrk FkkA izkjfEHkd lekt dk fuokl tc fLFkj gks

bfrgkl crkrk gS fd ftu yksxksa ds ikl viuh j{kk ds lk/u ugha gksrs] os lH; gksrs gq, Hkh nwljs vlH; yksxksa dk eqdkcyk ugha dj ldrsA blls bl ckr dh O;k[;k gks tkrh gS fd ?kqeUrw&tkfr;k¡ tc fLFkj gksdj ,d txg clus yxha] rks muds lkeus vkRe&j{kk dh leL;k D;ksa vkSj dSls mifLFkr gqbZ\ x;k vFkkZr~ tc og ,d txg cl x;k] rks mls ,d u;s izdkj ds /u dk irk yxkA ;g u;s izdkj dk /u ^Hkwfe* FkhA ;g ml le; gqvk] tc izkjafHkd lekt us [ksrh djus vkSj [ksr tksrus dh dyk lh[k yh] vkSj tc mldk /u i'kqvksa ls ^Hkwfe* esa ifjorZu gks x;k] rks og ,d txg fLFkj gks x;kA bl ifjorZu ds lkFk&lkFk izkjfEHkd lekt Hkh fLFkj gksdj ,d txg cl x;kA blls cl ckr dh O;k[;k gks tkrh gS fd izkjfEHkd lekt fdlh le; ^^?kqeUrw&lekt** D;ksa Fkk vkSj fiQj mlus ,d txg fLFkj gksdj jguk D;ksa lh[k fy;k\ nwljh ckr è;ku nsus dh ;g gS fd tc izkjfEHkd lekt ?kqeUrw thou NksM+us dh vksj vxzlj gks jgk Fkk] ml le; D;k ?kVuk,¡ ?kVha\ ?kqeUrw thou dks NksM+ fLFkjrk dk thou xzg.k djrs le; izkjfEHkd lekt ds lkeus eq[; :i ls nks leL;k,¡ mifLFkr gqbZA ,d rks og Fkh ftls ,d txg cl tkus okyksa dks lqy>kuk Fkk vkSj nwljh og Fkh ftls fNUu&fHkUu gq, ijkLr vknfe;ksa dks lqy>kuk FkkA ,d txg cl tkus okyh tkfr;ksa ds lkeus leL;k Fkh fd os nwljh ?kqeUrw tkfr;ksa ls viuh j{kk dSls djssa\ fHkUu&fHkUu gqbZ ijkLr tkfr;ksa dh leL;k Fkh fd mudks dgha&u dgha 'kj.k LFkku feysA bldks vkSj Li"V djds crkuk vko';d gks ldrk gS fd ;s leL;k,¡ D;ksa vkSj dSls iSnk gqbZA ,d txg cl tkus okyh tkfr;ksa ds lkeus tks leL;k vkbZ mls

le>us ds fy, fuEufyf[kr ckrksa dks vkSj è;ku nsuk gksxkA lHkh ?kqeUrw ny vFkok tkfr;k¡ ,d gh le; fLFkj ugha gks xbZ FkhaA dqN fLFkj gks xbZ] dqN ?kqeUrw cuh jghaA nwljh ckr tks ;kn j[kus dh gS] og ;g gS fd ;s ny vFkok tkfr;k¡ dHkh vkil esa 'kkafr ls ugha jgrh FkhaA muesa izk;% vkil esa yM+kbZ gh gksrh jgrh FkhA tc lHkh ny vFkok tkfr;k¡ ?kqeUrw voLFkk esa Fkha] rks muds vkilh ;q¼ ds iz/ku dkj.k Fks (1) i'kqvksa dh pksjh (2)fLFk;ksa dh pksjh] (3) nwljs nyksa vFkok tkfr;ksa dh pkjkxkgksa esa i'kqvksa dks tcnZLrh pjk ysukA tc dqN ny vFkok tkfr;k¡ fLFkj gksdj cl xbZ] rks tks ny vFkok tkfr;k¡ vHkh ?kweUrw thou O;rhr dj gh jgh Fkha] muds fy, ,d txg cls gq, yksxksa ds lkFk yM+uk fHkM+uk vkSj Hkh vklku gks x;kA nwljs ?kqeUrw yksxksa ds lkFk yM+kbZ djus dh vis{kk blesa vf/d ykHk FkkA ?kqeUrw tkfr;ksa dh le> esa ;g ckr vk xbZ Fkh fd fLFkj gksdj cl tkus okyh tkfr;ksa ds ikl nksgjk /u FkkA ?kqeUrw nyksa dh rjg buds ikl i'kq rks Fks gh vkSj i'kqvksa ds vfrfjDr /u Hkh Fks] ftUgsa ns[kdj ?kqeUrw yksxksa dh ykj VidVh FkhA ?kqeUrw ny fLFkj clh gqbZ tkfr;ksa ij yxkrkj laxfBr vkØe.k djrs Fks] rkfd os mudk /u pqjk ys tk ldsaA rhljh ckr ;g fd ,d txg clh gqbZ tkfr;k¡ bu ?kqeUrw nyksa ls viuh j{kk djus ds ekeys esa cMs+ ?kkVs esa Fkha D;ksafd os vf/d ykHk ds /U/s eas yx xbZ Fkha] blfy, gj le; vius gyksa dh ryokjsa ugha cuk ldrh Fkha vkSj u vius ?kj NksMd + j bu ?kqeUrw nyksa dk ihNk gh dj ldrh FkhA blesa dqN Hkh vk'p;Z dh ckr ughaA bfrgkl crkrk gS fd ftu yksxksa ds ikl viuh j{kk ds lk/u ugha gksrs] os lH; gksrs gq, Hkh nwljs vlH; yksxksa dk eqdkcyk ugha dj ldrsA blls bl ckr dh O;k[;k gks tkrh gS fd ?kqeUrw&tkfr;k¡ tc fLFkj gksdj ,d txg clus yxha] rks muds lkeus vkRe&j{kk dh leL;k D;ksa vkSj dSls mifLFkr gqb\Z vkSj] ijkLr gksdj fNUu&fHkUu gq, euq";ksa dh leL;k dSls mRiUu gqb]Z ;g le>uk dfBu ughaA ;g vkil esa yxkrkj yM+r&s fHkM+rs jgus dk gh ifj.kke gS] tks lekt dh ml vkjafHkd voLFkk esa mu nyksa vFkok tkfr;ksa dk lkekU; dk;Z FkkA bu ny&xr ;q¼ksa esa izk;% ,slk gksrk Fkk] fd ,d ny dk loZFkk mUewyu rks ugha gksrk Fkk] fdUrq og ijkLr gksdj fNUu&fHkUu gks tkrk FkkA cgq/k tks ny ijkLr gks tkrk Fkk] og VqdM+s&VqdM+s gks tkrk FkkA blds ifj.kke Lo:i lekt ds fodkl dks izkjafHkd voLFkkk esa ,d cM+h tu&la[;k] tks blh izdkj ijkLr gksdj fNUu&fHkUu gq, yksxksa dh Fkh] b/j&m/j ?kwerh jgrh FkhA ;g le>us ds fy, fd bu fNUu&fHkUu gq, yksxksa dh leL;k D;ksa mRiUu gqbZ] bl ckr dks Þn; Äõe djuk vko';d gS fd izkjfEHkd lekt dk laxBu ny&xr FkkA laxBu nyxr gksus ds nks vFkZ FksA igyk ;g fd izkjfEHkd lekt izR;sd O;fDr dk fdlh&u&fdlh ny ls lEcU/ FkkA bruk gh ugha] mls fdlh&u&fdlh ny dk gksdj jguk iM+rk FkkA ny ls ckgj fdlh O;fDr dk dksbZ vfLrRo u Fkk] gks gh ugha ldrk FkkA nwljs ny&xr laxBu dk vk/ kj jDr&lEcU/ gksus ls dksbZ Hkh O;fDr] tks ,d ny esa iSnk gqvk gks] og nwljs ny esa lfEefyr gksdj mldk lnL; ugha gks ldrk FkkA blfy, bu fNUu&fHkUu gqb vknfe;ksa dks O;fDrxr gSfl;r ls gh jguk

^tks vkneh iq#"kkFkZ djrk gS] tks n`<+ fu'p;h gS] tks tkx:d gS ogh èku izkIr djrk gS*


iM+rk FkkA ij izkjfEHkd lekt esa tgkยก ,d ny dk nwljs ny ls laxkz e gks jgk gks] bl ckr dk lnSo Mj cuk jgrk Fkk fd dgha fNUu&fHkUu yksxksa ds bu vLrO;Lr lewgksa ij Hkh vkร˜e.k u gks tk;A os ugha tkurs Fks fd os dgkยก 'kj.k&LFkku <wยก<+sa\ os ugha tkurs Fks fd mu ij dkSu vkร˜e.k dj cSBsxk vkSj dkSu mudh j{kk djsxk\ blfy, vkJ; LFkku feyuk vkSj lqjf{kr jg lduk bu fNUu&fHkUu gq, yksxksa dh ,d leL;k FkhA izkjfEHkd lekt ds fodkl ds ckjs esa mQij tks dqN Hkh lkj&:i esa dgk x;k gS] mlls og Li"V gksrk gS fd izkjfEHkd lekt ds thou esa ,d le; Fkk] tc og nks lewgksa esa foHkDr gks x;k FkkA ,d lewg ,d txg fLFkj :i ls cls gq, vknfe;ksa dk FkkA mudh leL;k Fkh fd mUgsa ,sls yksx feysa tks ?kqeUrw vkร˜e.k&dkfj;ksa ds fo:ยผ mudh igjsnkjh dk dke djsaA nwljk lewg mu fNUu&fHkUu gq, ijkLr vknfe;ksa dk Fkk] ftuds lkeus ;g leL;k Fkh fd mUgsa dksbZ ,sls laj{kd fey tk;ยก] tks mUgsa Hkkstu rFkk 'kj.k&LFkku nsaA nwljk iz'u gS fd bu nksuksa lewgksa us viuh leL;k dks dSls lqy>k;k\ ;|fi gekjs ikl izkphu dky dk dksbZ ,slk ys[kk ugha gS ftlds vk/kj ij ge fu'p;kRed :i ls ;g dg ldsa fd nksuksa eas fdl izdkj dk iSDV vFkok le>kSrk gqvk Fkk] rks Hkh ge dg ldrs gSa fd nksuksa us vkil esa ,d le>kSrk fd;k] ftlds vuqlkj bu fNUu&fHkUu gq, ijkLr vknfe;ksa us ,d txg fLFkj :i ls clh gqbZ tkfr;kas dh pkSdhnkjh vFkok igjsnkjh djuk Lohdkj fd;k vkSj nwljh vksj ls fLFkj :i ls clh gqbZ tkfr;kยก Fkha] mUgksaus bUgsa Hkkstu rFkk 'kj.k&LFkku nsuk Lohdkj fd;kA lpeqp ;g cM+k vLokHkkfod gksrk ;fn bl izdkj dh ijLij O;oLFkk u dj yh xbZ gksrh_ D;ksafd nksuksa dks vius&vius LokFkZ dh iwfrZ ds fy, nwljs ds lg;ksx dh vko';drk FkhA bl lkSnk ds fuiVkus esa ,d dfBukbZ vo'; mRiUu gqbZ gksxhA ;g dfBukbZ Fkh 'kj.k&LFkku dh dfBukbZA ;s fNUu&fHkUu gq, vkneh jgsa dgkยก\ fLFkj :i ls cls gq, yksxksa ds chp esa vFkok muls ckgj\ bl leL;k dks r; djus esa nks ckrsa fu.kkZ;d flยผ gqbZ gksaxh& ,d rks jDr lEcU/ dh] nwljh ;qยผ&uhfr dhA izkjfEHkd yksxksa dh ekU;rkvksa ds vuqlkj jDr lEcU/h gh ,d lkFk jg ldrs FksA dksbZ Hkh ckgjh vkneh ml {ks=k esa izos'k ugha ik ldrk Fkk tgkยก fdlh ny fo'ks"k dk vf/dkj gksA ;s fNUu&fHkUu gq, vkneh ^ckgjh* FksA ;s ml ny ds Fks tks fLFkj :i ls cls gq, vknfe;ksa ds ny ls fHkUu FkkA tc ;g ,slk Fkk] rks bUgsa fLFkj :i ls cls gq, vknfe;ksa ds chp esa ugha gh jgus fn;k tk ldrk FkkA ;qยผ&uhfr ds fopkj ls Hkh ;g vko';d Fkk fd ;s fNUu&fHkUu gq, vkneh xkยกo dh lhek ij jgsa] ftlls ;s vkร˜e.kdkfj;ksa dk eqdkcyk dj ldsaA bu nksuksa ckrksa us fey dj ;gh fu.kZ; djk;k fd os yksx xkยกo ls ckgj xkยกo dh lhek ij jgsaA vc bl fiQj vius eq[; iz'u ij ckil vk ldrs gSAa vNwr xkยกo ds ckgj D;ksa jgrs gSa\ mQij tks fn'kk funsZ'k fd;k x;k gS] ml vksj bl iz'u dk mร™kjk ikus dk dqN iz;Ru fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;gh ckr

tks vU;=k gqb]Z og Hkkjr esa Hkh gqbZ gksxh tc dh ?kqeUrw thou dks NksM+ fganw&lekt fLFkj thou dh vksj vxzlj gks jgk FkkA izkjfEHkd lekt esa fLFkj :i ls cls gq, vkSj fNUUk&fHkUu gq, ijkLr] nksuks rjg ds yksx jgs gksaxsA tks fLFkj :i ls cls] mUgksaus xkยกo dh cqfu;kn Mkyh vkSj ;s xkยกo cls_ tks fNUu&fHkUu gq, ijkLr yksx Fks] os fHkUu ny vkSj fHkUu&jDr gksus ds dkj.k xkยกo ls ckgj clsA bls fu'p;kRed Hkk"kk esa dguk gks] rks vkt ds ^vNwr* fdlh le; ds fNUu&fHkUu gq, ijkLr vkneh Hkj gSA] vkSj D;ksafd os fHkUu&fHkUu gq, ijkLr yksx Fks] blfy, os xkยกo ds ckgj clsA blls ;g ckr Li"V gks tkrh gS fd ;g ekuuk D;ksa LoHkkfod gS fd vius vkjEHk&dkt ls gh ^vNwr* xkยกo ds ckgj jgrs gSa vkSj muds xkยกo ls ckgj jgus ls ^vNwriu* dks dqN ysuk&nsuk ughaA ;g lq>ko bruk u;k gS fd Hkkykspdksa dks vius vkSj iz'uksa dk mร™kj ik;s fcuk lUrks"k gks gh ugha ldrkA os iwN ldrs gSa& 1- D;k bldk dksbZ izek.k gS fd ^vNwr* fNUu&fHkUu gq, ijkLr vkneh gh gSa\ 2- D;k bl ckr dk dksbZ izek.k gS fd fLFkj :i ls clus ds ftl ร˜e dh mQij ppkZ dh xbZ] oSlk fdlh ns'k esa gqvk Hkh gS\ 3- ;fn fNUu&fHkUu gq, yksxksa dk xkยกo ds ckgj jguk ,d loZ&O;kid ?kVuk gS] rks ;g dSls gqvk fd vkSj ns'k esa xkยกoksa ds ckgj clh cfLr;kยก ugha jgh vkSj dsoy Hkkjr esa cuh jgh\ lanHkZ&;g ys[k iqLrd ยถvNwr dkSu vkSj dSls\ยธ dk va'k gS tks fd MkW-ch-vkj- vEcsMdj dh nwljh iqLrd ยถ'kwรฆ dkSu vkSj dSls vkSj os dSls fgUnh vk;Z lekt dk pkSFkk o.kZ cus \ยธ ;kfu ^'kwรฆksa dh [kkst* dk 'ks"kka'k gSA

-ยŠV "NX NH IODJ RD OH/U LIMRNM LUN  #FK@ [\K @ HKUX[M@ IQ<<NK 

^f'k{kk lLrh ls lLrh gks rkfd fuรจkZu ls fuรจkZu O;fDr Hkh gkfly dj lds*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

AAQTIXN HVD OR=-V % HJNXNG 0N:Y(FV0GM



A

^^Hkkjr esa fczfV'k 'kklu ds vafre fnuksa ds jktuSfrd vkSj lkekftd bfrgkl esa MkW- vEcsMdj dk uke รงeq[krk ls txexk;sxk A mudk /hjt vkSj n`<+ fu'p; muds psgjs ij lnk >ydrk Fkk A mudh cqfยผekuh dk lkuh rhuksa egk}hiksa ugha Fkk] fiQj Hkh mUgksua s viuh cqfยผerk dk f<a<k+ js k ugha ihVk A bldk dkj.k ;g Fkk fd mUgsa vkMEcj djuk ugha vkrk Fkk A **

#

dq'kky jSxj

vkt ge MkW- vEcsMdj ds ,d ,sls peRdkj vkSj ml nkSj dh ckr dj jgs gS tks le; mUgksus U;w;kdZ] vesfjdk esa 1913 ls 1916 ds chp dksyfEc;k ;qfuoflZVh esa fcrk;k A

,slk MkW- vEcsMdj vkSj cM+ksnk egkjkt ds chp gq,s djkj ls lEHko gks ik;k ftlds vUrxZr 10 o"kksยฑ rd fj;klr dh lsok djus dk djkj A ftlds rgr MkWvEcsMdj dks mPp f'k{kk ds fy, vesfjdk Hkstuk r; gqvk A chloha 'krkCnh esa MkWvEcsMdj ,sls รงFke Js.kh ds jktusrkvksa esa igys O;fร™kQ Fks A ftUgksus vesfjdk tkdj mPp f'k{kk รงkIr dh A twu 1916 esa muds }kjk fd;s x;s 'kks/ ^^us'kuy fMfoMsUM bu bf.M;k , fgLVksfjd ,.M ,susysfVd LVsMh** ij 'kks/ fo'ofo|ky; esa รงLrqr fd;k A ftl ij MkWvEcsMdj dks (MkWDVj vkWiQ fiQykslkWiQh) ih- ,p- Mh- dh mikf/ ls lEekfur fd;k x;k A MkW- vEcsMdj fd bl liQyrk ls รงsfjr gksdj ^^dyk ladk; ds รงkรจ;kidksa vkSj

fo|kFkhZ;ksa** us ,d fo'ks"k Hkkst nsdj MkWvEcsMdj dk lEeku fd;k tks egku O;fร™kQ vczkgu fyadu o okaf'kxVu dh ijEijk dk vuqlj.k Fkk A ^^bl 'kks/ รงca/ esa MkWvEcsMdj us fcfVยช'k ljdkj }kjk Hkkjr ds vkfFkZd 'kks"k.k dh ,d uaxh rLohj nqfu;k ds lkeus j[kh tks vkt ,d ,sfrgkfld nLrkost gS** A MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk lkekftd U;k; o lerk ds laca/ esa Hkkjrh; nfyr lekt ds fy, muds }kjk fd;s x;s ^^lfo/ku fuekZ.k** dh miyfC/ ls รงHkkfor gksdj ^^dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; U;w;kdZ] vesfjdk us twu 1952 esa** MkW- vEcsMdj dks ^^MkWDVj vkWiQ ykW** dh ekun mikf/ รงnku dh A bl dksyfEc;k fo'o fo|ky; U;w;kdZ vesfjdk us ftldh LFkkiuk o"kZ 1754] ds

^dksbZ dgrk gS รจkeZ igys ns'k ckn esa] dksbZ dgrk gS ns'k igys รจkeZ ckn esa] eSa dgrk gwa ns'k gh igys ns'k gh ckn esa*


250 o"kZ (1754 ls 2004) iwjs gksus ds miy{k esa o"kZ 2004 es vius 250 o"kZ ds iwoZ fo|kFkhZ;ksa esls] ,sls 100 iwoZ fo|kFkhZ;ksa Columbians ahead of their time] (shorted list of Notable persons) dks pquk x;k ftUgksus nqfu;k esa egku dk;Z fd;s vkSj tks vius & vius {ks=k esa egku jgs] ^^ ftlesa 1 ek=k Hkkjrh; MkW- ch- vkjvEcsMdj o 3 vesfjdk ds jk"Vªifr] FkkWMksj :tosYV] Úsdfyu :tosYV] MksfoV ,lugkWoj] 6 vyx& vyx ns'kksa ds jk"Vª ifr o ç/kuea=kh ftlesa jk"Vªifr;ksa esa tkftZ;k ds fe[kSy lkdk'ohyh] bFkksfi;k ds Fkkel gsuMhd] ç/kuea=kh esa bVyh ds fx;wfyuks vekVks] viQxkfuLrku ds vCnqy tghj ] phu ds rax 'kks;h] vkSj iksys.M ds ç/kuea=kh 'kkehy gS] rFkk dbZ ea=kh] 40 ls vf/d ukscy iqjLdkj fotsrk] vesfjdu lqçhe dksVZ ds çFke eq[; U;k;k/h'k] 8 vU; lqçhe dksVZ U;k;k/h'k] 22 ls vf/d vesfjdh jk"Vªh; iqjLdkj fotsrk] 5 dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; ds laLFkkid firkeg] 16 iQksjpZwu dEifu;ksa ds eq[; dk;Zdkjh vf/dkjh] lokZf/d / uoku O;fÙkQ;ksa esa 'kkfey okjsu ciQsV] fiQyks'kksiQj tkWu Mso (MkWDVj vEcsMdj ds xq:)] dbZ iqyhRtj iqjLdkj fotsrk] vkWLdj iqjLdkj fotsrk] fiQYe esdj] i=kdkj] bfrgkldkj] dfo] i;kZoj.kfon~] oSKkfud] fpfdRld] xhrdkj] ys[kd] f'k{kkfon~] f[kykMh] xouZj] vkbZ-ch-,e- ds laLFkkid vkfn egku foHkwfr;ka 'kkfey gS A dksyfEc;ka ;qfuoflZVh esa ,sls 100 iwoZ fo|kFkhZ;ksa ds fy;s ,d Lekjd cuk;k x;k ftl ij bu 100 egku foHkwfr;ksa ds uke fy[ks x;s A bu lHkh lEekfur 100 iwoZ fo|kFkhZ;ksa ds uke dks lgh Øe esa yxkus ds fy, ogka fd fo}kuksa dh ,d desVh cukbZ xbZ A ml desVh us Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds jpf;rk rFkk vk/qfud Hkkjr ds laLFkkid firkeg ckck lkgsc MkW- ch- vkj- vEcsMdj dk uke çFke uEcj (1) ij j[kk A bl Lekjd dk vukoj.k vesfjdh jk"Vªifr vkSj ukscy iqjLdkj fotsrk cjkd vksckek us fd;k] ;g Lekjd vkt Hkh dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; ds dsEil esa 'kku ls [kM+k gS A

orZeku esa dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; us viuh bl lwph esa vksj dbZ uke tksMus dk iQSlyk fd;k gS ftlesa orZeku vesfjdh jk"Vªifr o ukscy iqjLdkj fotsrk cjkd gqluS vksckek Hkh 'kkfey gS rFkk vksj Hkh dbZ uke blesa tksMs tk jgs gS A tcfd Hkkjr esa bl nfyr fojks/h ehMh;k esa u rks dksbZ [kcj gS u gh dksbZ vkokt] ,d loZs ds vuqlkj whw opopular]indianleadra na dpolitician dh osclkbV esa MkW- vEcsMdj ua- 1 jgs gS A vkt Hkh bUVjusV ij nqfu;k esa lcls T;knk lpZ fd;s tkus okys egku O;fÙkQ;ksa esa 'kkfey gS A o"kZ 2011 es vkDliQksMZ fo'ofo|ky; ¼kjk chrs 10 gtkj o"kkZs esa fo'o esa ,sfrgkfld Hkwfedk fuHkkus okys nqfu;k dh egku foHkwfr;ksa dk ,d loZs fd;k x;k tks "The maker of the universe" f'k"kZd ds vUrxZr 100 egku foHkwfr;ksa dks pquk x;k ftlesa Hkxoku xksre cq¼ dks çFke LFkku rFkk Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds jpf;rk MkW ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj dks pksFkk LFkku feyk A fo'o fd egku foHkqfr;ksa es VkWi 10 esa pksFkk LFkku] 122 djksM Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy, xoZ dh ckr gS ] vkSj ;g Hkh dgk x;k fd le; ds lkFk lkFk MkW vEcsMdj ds fopkj çklafxd gksrs tk jgs gS A vxLr 2012] es lh ,u ,u vkbZ ch,u- psuy }kjk n xzsVsLV bf.M;u 'kks vk;ksftr fd;k x;k] ftles egkure Hkkjrh; dk pquko fd;k x;k A bl pquko es 100 Hkkjrh;ks dks lwfpc} fd;k] ftles ls 'kh"kZ 10 Hkkjrh;ks dks pquk x;k A ftlds fy, nqfu;kHkj ls vkWuykbu oksfVax ds vk/kj ij eksckby feLMdkWy] bUVjusV }kjk oksfVax dh xbZ A ftles lokZf/ d er MkW ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj dks gh feys] vkSj mUgksus xzsVsLV bf.M;u dh nkSM+ es lcdks ihNs NksM+ fn;k A 'kks es dqy 80]97]243 oksV fn;s x;s] ftles MkW- ch-vkjvEcsMdj dks 19]91]734] ds vfrfjÙkQ vCnqy dyke vktkn 13]74]431] ljnkj iVsy 5]58]835] vVy fcgkjh oktis;h 1]67]378] enj Vsjslk 92]645] ts-vkj-MhVkVk 50]407 lfpu rsanqydj 47]706] bfUnjk

xka/h 17]641] yrk eaxs'kdj 11]520] tokgj yky usg: 9]920 er feys A ftles turk us lokZf/d 25 çfr'kr oksV] yxHkx 20 yk[k] vdsys MkW- ch-vkjvEcsMdj dks fn;s x;s] tcfd bl egkure Hkkjrh; pquus dh çfØ;k es eksgunkl djepUn xka/h dks vyx j[kk x;k A mUgs fcuk oksfVax igys gh egkure Hkkjrh; eku fy;k x;k A vki le> ldrs gS fd ;g fefM;k dh djrwr gS A 'kk;n mUgs egku Hkkjrh; u pqus tkus dk Mj jgk gksxk] vU;Fkk os ,slk ugh djrs] D;ksfd ( fcuk oksfVax ) fcuk pquko ds gh] fdlh dks çFke eku ysuk] Li"Vr% i{kikriw.kZ joS;s dks n'kkZrk gS] D;ksfd vki le> ldrs gS fd ns'k ds igys ç/ kueU=kh 10 os uEcj ij gS] vkSj oksfVax es mudk çfr'kr] n'keyo 10 çfr'kr gS A tks ,d çfr'kr ls Hkh cgqr de gS A ftl rjg dk lfØ; ehfM;k gekjs ns'k esa gS ;g gekjh fy, cgqr vPNh ckr gS A ysfdu nfyrksa dh [kcjs vkrs gh irk ugha bldh lfØ;rk dgk pyh tkrh gS] ,slk crkZo djrk gS ] fd tSls fd dqN gqvk gh ugha gks A mlh nfyr fojks/h Hkkouk dks nksgjkrs gq, ] mlus MkWDVj vEcsMdj ds bl dkjukesa dks nckus dk ç;kl fd;k] tks feMh;k dh fu"i{krk ij ç'ufpUg [kMk djrk gS ] ftl Vh-vkj-ih- ds fy, ;g NksVh lh [kcj dks luluh[kst cukus okyk ] vkSj NksVs ls eqnns dks coUMj cukus okyk ;g ehfM;k ] nfyr [kcj esa bldh ;g dk;Zdq'kyrk irk ugha dgk [kks tkrh gS A mPp oxZ dh ,d NksVh lh [kcj dk ftl çdkj lh/k çlkj.k fd;k tkrk gS tSls fd og ns'k dh lcls cMh [kcj gks A vkt ehfM;kdehZ bl egku O;fÙkQ ds }kjk cuk;s x;s lafo/ku ls çkIr vf/dkjksa dh ckr djrs gS ysfdu ftl çdkj buds lkFk HksnHkko djrs gS ;g mudh fgu Hkkouk dh /ksrd gS A lEiw.kZ Hkkjr es ,d ek=k egkjk"Vª ds eq[; lekpkj i=k lkeuk us 9 uoEcj 2011 dks bl ,sfrgkfld [kcj dks eq[k i`"B ij LFkku fn;k A ugha rks tks O;fÙkQ Hkkjr ls bdyksrk gksus ds lkFk lkFk ,sls egku yksxksa dh iafÙkQ esa vkxs [kMk gks] ftldh NksVh lh

^f'k{kk ,oa la?k"kZ ds vHkko esa 'kks"kdksa dk eqdkcyk laHko ugha*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG gypy lqf[kZ;k cu tkrh gks A ;g gekjs ns'k ds 121 djksM yksxksa ds fy, ,d cgqr cMs xoZ dh ckr gS vksj tks 250 o"kkZs ds loZs ds vk/kj ij mls pquk x;k gks blls cMk peRdkj dksbZ ugha gks ldrk] uk gh ,slk Hkfo"; esa gksus dh laHkkouk gS A pwafd og nfyr gS blfy, mldk ftrsth 'kks"k.k fd;k vkSj muds ejus ds ckn Hkh ;g nfyr fojks/ h ehfM;k o yksx 'kks"k.k djus ls ugha pqdrs A ftl ns'k esa dsoy [ksy vkSj euksjatu djkus okys dbZ yksxksa dks dbZ MkWDVjsV dh ekun mik/h ns nh tkrh gS tcfd MkWDVj vEcsMdj ds ekeys esa budk joS;k HksnHkko jgk Fkk vkSj jgk gS A ,slh gh Hkkouk ds pyrs cMs nq[k dh ckr gS fd tuojh 1952 esa lEiw.kZ Hkkjr ds ,dek=k fo'ofo|ky; esa MkWDVj vEcsMdj ds }kjk lafo/ku fuekZ.k ij ij mUgsa MkWDVj vkWiQ fyVjspj dh mikf/ รงnku dh A ;g nfyr 'kks"k.k dh Hkkouk dks n'kkZrk gS A gkykafd esjk bl ij dksbZ fookn ugha gS] eq>s rks bl ckr ij Hkh lansg gS fd ftl รงdkj dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; o fofdisfM;k dh osclkbV }kjk MkW- vEcsMdj dk uke uksVscy yksxksa dh fyLV esa nckus dk รง;kl fd;k x;k A gkbZykbV ugha fd;k x;k A eq>s rks bl ij Hkh langs gS fd] ,d Hkkjrh; gksus ds dkj.k muds lkFk fdlh HksnHkko ls badkj ugha fd;k tk ldrk gS D;ksafd gesa ;g ugha Hkwyuk pkfg, fd dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; ,d vesfjdh fo'ofo|ky; gS] MkW- vEcsMdj dks tks lEeku feyuk pkfg;s mls nsus esa os cMk vlgt eglwl dj jgs gksxsa] A oSlk esjk dksbZ fojks/ ugha gS fiQj Hkh ftl รงdkj orZeku vesfjdh jk"Vยชifr cjkd vksckek dks jk"Vยชifr curs gh 'kkafr ds fy, ukscy tSls รงfrf"Br iqjLdkj ls uoktk x;k A blls vki bldh fo'oluh;rk vksj vesfjdh ,dkf/dkj dks le> ldrs gS A MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk lkekftd U;k; o lerkewyd lekt ds fuekZ.k esa tks egku ;ksxnku fn;k A ftlds brus csgrjhu pkSdkus okys ifj.kke vkt ge ns[k jgs gS A ,slk mnkgj.k nqfu;k ds bfrgkl es dgha ugha feyrk gS A

ftlds iQyLo:i vkt nfyrksa dh fLFkfr esa rhoz xfr ls ,sfrgkfld lq/kj gqvk gS ftlds ifj.kkeLo:i vkt Hkkjrh; lekt esa nfyrksa dh igpku cuuk รงkjEHk gks xbZ gS ftls nfyr fojks/h feMh;k nckus dk รง;kl dj jgk gS A ;g MkWDVj vEcsMdj ds ;ksxnku dk gh ifj.kke gS fd vkt ge bl fcUnq ij viuk i{k j[k jgs gS] blesa dksbZ lansg ugha gS] os nqfu;k esa loZJS"B Fks] vkSj loZJS"B jgsxs A i- enu eksgu ekyoh; us ckck lkgsc ds vikj Kku dks le>dj ,d ckj ykgkSj esa 1935 esa dgk Fkk fd os Kku ds HkaMkj gSa A vlhfer Kku ds /uh gSa A muds fo'okl vkSj fgUnw ikSjkf.kd ekU;rk ds vuqlkj os nsoh ljLorh ds iq=k gSa A mudk Kku vkx/ gS A muds Kku dh dksbZ lhek ugh gS A mUgksua s blh vifjfer Kku ds vk/kj ij lekt vkSj /eZ dks lq/kjuk pkgk gS] ijUrq /eZ ds Bsdsnkjksa ij bldk dksbZ vlj ugha iM+k gS vxj fgUnw /eZ dks thfor j[kuk gS rks MkWvEcsMdj ds fopkjksa dks ekudj pyuk gksxk A muds vxk/ Kku dh ftruh รง'kalk dh tk, og lc FkksM+h gh gksxh A ckck lkgsc ds dsfUรฆ; ljdkj us ,DthD;wfVo ljdkj cuus ds miy{; esa 1944 esa ekyoh; th us fganw fo'ofo/ky; ( bl fo'ofo/ky; ds laLFkkid Loa; ekyoh; th Fks ) esa ckck lkgsc dk Lokxr lekjksg vk;ksftr fd;k A bl volj ij ekyoh; th us dgk fd & ^^ftl Kku ij czkรก.kksa us ,d N=k vf/dkj dj j[kk Fkk mls MkDVj lkgsc us viuh รงdkaM fo}rk ls fNUu&fHkUu dj fn;k gS A

bUgksaus fdlh Hkh czkรก.k fo}ku ls T;knk Kku vftZr fd;k gS A os vikj] vxk/ vkSj vlhe Kku ds HkaMkj gS A** ^^blh xgu vรจ;;u'khyrk ds dkj.k muds rdZ vdkVร” gksrs Fks] ekU; vkSj รงekf.kd gksrs Fks A muds blh vFkkg Kku ds dkj.k muds ?kksj fojks/h egkRek xka/h tSls yksx Hkh mudh fo}rk ifo=krk vkSj jk"Vยช/ feZrk dks ekurs Fks A** egkjkuh ,fytkcsFk us MkW- vEcsMdj ds egkifjfuokZ.k ij dgk fd & ^^nq%[k dh ckr gS fd egkekuo MkW- vEcsMdj dk tUe Hkkjr esa gqvk A ;fn budk tUe fdlh vU; ns'k esa gqvk gksrk rks budks loZekU; fo'ofoHkwfr esa eku feyrk A ** ckck lkgc tSlh egku 'kf[l;r ds egkifjfuokZ.k ij yUnu VkbEl us dqN bl รงdkj mYysf[kr fd;k ^^Hkkjr esa fczfV'k 'kklu ds vafre fnuksa ds jktuSfrd vkSj lkekftd bfrgkl esa MkW- vEcsMdj dk uke รงeq[krk ls txexk;sxk A mudk /hjt vkSj n`<+ fu'p; muds psgjs ij lnk >ydrk Fkk A mudh cqfยผekuh dk lkuh rhuksa egk}hiksa ugha Fkk] fiQj Hkh mUgksua s viuh cqfยผerk dk f<a<k+ js k ugha ihVk A bldk dkj.k ;g Fkk fd mUgsa vkMEcj djuk ugha vkrk Fkk A ** ;g bl ckr dks รงekf.kr djrk gS fd] ckck lkgsc u dsoy bf.M;k es cfYd iwjh nqfu;k es loZJs"B gS A ftuds fopkj] vktknh ds gj c<rs lky] ds lkFk&lkFk] รงklafxdrk gksrs pys tk jgs gS A ys[kd jSxj tfV;k lekt lsok laLFkk] ikyh (jkt-) ds vรจ;{k gSaA

O+NK QV NRNIONVD GNV FNVINO5R +NNMUK ODIRNNX IXHN=UN FNFN ONJVF 0N: +NKHMNR Y(FV0GM WK GV  RKD WDUK GK JNIQ=G NT+NGNHXND$

1.7 $,/256 .7$,/256 6SHFLDOLQ*HQWV :HDU V 6SHFLDOLQ*HQWV: HDUV 6DI DUL6XLW &RD W3 DQW 6DIDUL6XLW &RD DUL6XLW &RDW3 W3DQW

$ (DVW*RNDOSXU /RQL5RDG 6K DKGDU D 'HOKL $(DVW*RNDOSXU (DVW*RNDOSXU/RQL5RDG /RQL5RDG6K 6KDKGDU DKGDUD D'HOKL

^rqEgsa Lo;a viuh nklrk dk var djuk pkfg, mldk mUewyu djus ds fy, bZ'oj ij vkfJr er gks*


Y(FV0GM YXTNINVD OV GT1 FTIXNQK ORN\ #

txnh'k jk;

ckcklkgsc Hkhejko vacsMdj us Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dk elfonk jp fn;k vkSj lafo/ku ykxw gks x;kAbruk ljy Hkh ugha gS bfrgklA ckcklkgsc lafo/ku jpus dh gkyr esa tks igqaps]mlds ihNs gtkjksa lky ls tkjh ,d vuar eqfÙkQlaxkz e dh dFkk gS vkSj ge Hkwy jgs gSa fd bl lafo/ku dks jpus ds ihNs ckcklkgsc dh eq[; vo/kj.kk lkekftd U;k; vkSj lerk vk/kfjr tkfr eqÙkQ]oxZghu]'kks"k.k foghu lekt dh LFkkiuk dh FkhA ckcklkgsc us bfrgkl dh fujarjrk ds rgr viuh Hkwfedk dk fuokZg fd;k vkSj o.kZ opZLoh u;h jktuhfrd O;oLFkk esa ewd cgqtuksa]ewyfuokfl;ksa]vuqlwfprksa] fiNM+ksa]Jfedksa vkSj fL=k;ksa ds vykok gj Hkkjr oklh ds ukxfjd ekuokf/dkj laj{k.k dk bartke dj x;sA mUgksaus laln esa çÑfr vkSj i;kZoj.k dh j{kk ds fy, buls tqM+s leqnk;ksa ds fy, ikapoha vkSj NBh vuqlwfp;ksa dk fuekZ.k fd;kA os fdlh cgqer tukns'k ds egkcyh ugha Fks vkSj u mUgsa mu reke oxks± vkSj leqnk;ksa dk leFkZu Fkk] ftudh yM+kbZ vkthou yM+rs jgs gekjs ckcklkgscA vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd ckck lkgsc ds ckn muds tkfr mUewyu ds ,tasMk dk geus D;k fd;kA vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd ckck lkgsc ds ckn lerk vkSj lkekftd U;k; ds vk/kj ij lekt ds fuekZ.k ds y{; dk D;k gqvkA vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd ckck lkgsc ds ckn ckcklkgsc tks uLyh HksnHkko okys o.kZ opZLoh Hkkjrh; lekt esa lalk/uksa vkSj voljksa ds U;k;iw.kZ caVokjs dh ckr tks yxkrkj djrs jgs]ml yM+kbZ esa ge fdrus 'kkfey gSaA vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd ckck lkgsc ds ckn jkst jkst tks Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dh gR;k gksrh jgh] mlds fo#¼ geus dc vkSj dSls çfrokn fd;kA vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd Hkkjrh;

lafo/ku tks ns'k ds vLi`'; Hkwxksy lewph vkfnoklh nqfu;k]lewps fgeky;h {ks=k] naMjdkj.; vkSj xksaMokuk lekfgr eè;Hkkjr] iwjs iwokZÙs kj esa ykxw ugha gqvk]rks mu reke bykdksa esa Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ykxw dkus ds fy, ge yksxksa us vktrd D;k fd;k\ vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds [kqys mYya?ku ds rgr fons'kh iwath vkSj dkys/u ds jktdkt lewph yksdrkaf=kd O;oLFkk pkSiV dh tk jgh gS]Hkkjrh; yksdra=k vkSj yksdx.kjkT; Hkkjr dks cpkus ds fy, ge ckcklkgsc ds reke Lo;aHkw vuq;k;h vc rd D;k djrs jgs gSa\ vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd ns'k esa tks dkuwu dk jkt gh uLyh HksnHkko vkSj oxhZ; fgrksa ds eqrkfcd py jgk gS]mls lao/ S kfud cukus ds fy, geus dc vkSj fdruk la?k"kZ fd;k\ vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd çÑfr vkSj i;kZoj.k]Hkkjrh; [ksrh dh gR;k ds rgr lafo/ku dks gkf'k;s ij j[kdj tks fons'kh fgrksa ds rgr ns'k esa dk;ZØe py jgk gS] ml lanHkZ esa vacsMdj vuq;kf;;ksa dh D;k Hkwfedk gS\ vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd ckck lkgsc us tks lafo/ku esa ekSfyd vf/dkjksa ds çko/ku fd;s mUgsa rkd ij j[kdj Hkkjrh; turk ds f[kykiQ tks ns'kHkj esa ,dkf/ dkjoknh dkWjiksjsV ;q¼ py jgk gS]ml lanHkZ esa Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dks cpkus ds fy, geus vc rd D;k fd;kA vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd oafpr leqnk;ksa dks ckck lkgsc ds fd;s laoS/kfud çko/kuksa ls fiQj oafpr djus ds fy, Xykscyhdj.k mnkjhdj.k vkSj futhdj.k ds rgr tks fons'kh çR;{k fuos'k vkSj fofuos'k dh vka/h gSa]'kgjhdj.k vkSj vkS|ksxhdj.k dh /we gS] baÚkLVªDpj ds cgkus fodkl ds uke ij tks cgqla[; Ñf"k lekt dks ty taxy tehu vkthfodk vkSj ukxfjdrk ls csn[ky djus dk tulagkj vfHk;ku vkfFkZd lq/kjksa ds uke ij py jgk gS]ml flyflys esa geus vcrd D;k fd;k\

vc cqfu;knh loky ;g gS fd oSf'od tk;uoknh eqÙkQ cktkjh O;oLFkk ds rgr iwjs Hkkjrh; miegk}hi dks ;q¼LFky cukdj gj ukxfjd dh futrk vkSj laçHkqrk dk vlaoS/ kfud xSjdkuwuh <ax ls mYya?ku djds tks fMftVy ck;ksesfVªd ukxfjdrk vkSj vk/kj igpku ds rgr gj ukxfjd dh tks fçfTed Mªksuh fuxjkuh dh tk jgh gS] mlds f[kykiQ Hkkjrh; lafo/ku cpkus ds fy, ge D;k dj jgs gSa\ vktknh dk t'u ge 1947 ls yxkrkj eukrs jgs gSa vkSj vktrd xqykeh esa th ej jgs gSaA ge 26 tuojh dks og x.kra=k fnol eukrs gSa tks vktrd ykxw gqvk gh ugha gSA ckcklkgsc Hkh ge yksxksa dh rjg brus lks;s jgrs rks tks vkt feyk gqvk gS] og Hkh ugha feyrkA vc dksbZ bl [kafMr ns'k esa [kafMr fo[kafMr o.kZopZLoh lekt esa fdlh nwljs ckcklkgsc dk vorkj vlaHko gS] vc tks vkRe?kkrh oSeuL; esa fufoZjks/ ge [kks jgs gSa] og fiQj dHkh gkfly ugha gksxkA dVq lR;]dVqopu cksyus ds fy, ekiQ djuk lkfFk;ksa] gesa x.kra=k fnol eukus dk dksbZ gd ugha gSA bl lafo/ku dh jpuk esa ckcklkgsc dh Hkwfedk gksxh] ysfdu lexz cgqtu lekt dh Hkwfed ugha jgh gSA bl lafo/ku dks ykxw djus dh yM+kbZ geus 'kq# gh ugha dh gS rks ge fdlfy, eukrs gSa x.kra=k fnol fd bl ns'k esa lerk vkSj lkekftd U;k; ds lius dk ges'kk iVk{ksi gks x;k blfy, ;k fiQj mÙkjvk/qfud dkjiksjsV tuoknh eqÙkQ cktkjh lR;kuk'kh euqLe`fr jkt esa gekjk pkSrjiQk lR;kuk'k gks jgk gS] [ksrh rckg gS ]fdlku vkRegR;k dj jgs gSa]u fpfdRlk gS vkSj u f'k{kk vkSj u jkstxkj gSA gekjs ikl fliQZ cktkj gSA vr% x.kra=k fnol eukus ds ctk; csgrj gks fd ge yksx eqÙkQ cktkj fnol euk;s tks lkekftd ;FkkFkZ vkSj vacsMdj vuq;kf;;ksa dh fuf"Ø; Hkwfedk ds eísutj ;FkkFkZ gksxkA ys[kd MkW-vEcsmdj LVwMsUV izQUV vkiQ bafM;k ls lac¼ gSaA

^rqEgsa liQyrk izkIr djus ds fy, lnSo lkoèkku] n`<+ lqf'kf{kr rFkk fut lEekuh gksuk pkfg,*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

ckck lkgsc dk nfyrksa ds uke lUns'k #

vkse izdk'k ¶ckS¼¸

ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj th dk lEiw.kZ thou Hkkjr ds ncs&dqpys o vNwr dgs tkus okys yksxksa ds fy, lefiZr FkkA lHkh tkurs gSa fd o muds elhgk Fks] ;kuh muds m¼kjdA mUgksaus viuh lkjh 'kfDr Hkkjr ds nfyrksa ds m¼kj gsrq yxk nhA vU; tkfr;ksa ds x+jhcksa] etnwjksa ds fy, Hkh mUgksaus Hkjld iz;kl fd, rFkk mudh csgrjh gsrq Je dkuwu esa izko/ku djok,A fgUnw /eZ esa ukjh Hkh nfyr gSa] vr% mUgksaus Hkkjr dh ukjh ds mRFkku gsrq vFkd ifjJe fd;kA mlds fy, mUgksaus fgUnw dksM fcy cuk;k FkkA lu~ 1924 rd ds vius lkoZtfud thou dky esa os Hkkjr esa rwiQku dh rjg Nk, jgsA bl 32 o"kZ ds lkoZtfud thou esa mUgksaus gtkjksa tu lHkkvksa dks lEcksf/r fd;kA dbZ ckj rks mUgsa fnu esa pkj&pkj lHkkvksa dks lEcksf/r djuk iM+rk FkkA bu lHkkvksa esa muds }kjk dgk x;k ,d&,d 'kCn Hkkjr ds yksxksa ds fy, ,d lUns'k] lq>ko vkSj psrkouh gSA vius vfr O;Lr thou esa mUgksaus vius fopkjksa dks u fliQZ lHkkvksa esa gh O;Dr fd;k vfirq mUgksua s dbZ if=kdk,a tkjh dh] dbZ ys[k fy[ks rFkk dbZ iqLrdsa fy[khaA vkt gekjs lkeus mudk lEiw.kZ okÄ~ e; yxHkx 20 [k.Mksa rFkk yxHkx 20 gtkj i`"Bksa esa miyC/ gSA mUgksaus vius lEiw.kZ okÄ~e; essa dbZ fo"k;ksa ij vius fopkj O;Dr fd,A mUgksaus lekt ds izR;ss d oxZ ds fy, lUns'k] lq>ko rFkk psrkofu;ka nh gSA bl NksVs ls ys[k esa muds nfyrksa dks fn, x, vla[; lUns'kksa dks ladfyr djuk laHko ugha gSa fiQj Hkh ys[kd dqN ,d lans'kksa dks mn~/`r djus dk iz;kl djsxkA muds fopkjksa vkSj lUns'kksa dks ikBdksa ds le{k j[kus dk fopkj bl ys[kd ds eu esa bl dkj.k vk;k fd vkt ge muds }kjk n'kkZ, ekxZ ls HkVd jgs gSa vkSj ;fn ge le; jgrs ugha laHkys rks bfrgkl gesa dHkh {kek ugha djsxkA ;g muds lq>koksa dks utj vUnkt djus ds ifj.kkeLo:i gh gS tks

vkt x+jhch] csjkstxkjh] LokFkZ rFkk vyxko tSlh leL;k,a fojkV~ :i /kj.k fd, gq, gSaA mUgksaus LokFkZ NksM+dj nwljksa ds fy, dqckZfu;ka djus ds fy, dgk] ge LokFkhZ gksrs tk jgs gSA mUgksaus vkilh HksnHkko NksM+dj ,d gks tkus ds fy, dgk] ge vyx&vyx mitkfr;ksa esa caV jgs gSA mUgksaus jkT; lektokn dk ukjk fn;k] ge iwathokn dh vksj vxzlj gSaA mUgksaus oSKkfud n`f"Vdks.k viukus dh lykg nh] ge va/fo'oklh curs tk jgs gSaA mUgksaus fgUnw / eZ R;kxus ds fy, dgk] ge fgUnw /eZ dks vkSj etcwr dj jgs gSaA ,sls esa D;k gekjh leL;k,a de gksaxh\ izfrfØ;koknh 'kfDr;ka muds fopkjksa dks rksM+&ejksM+ dj izLrqr dj jgh gSaA ,sls esa D;k muds vuq;kf;;ksa dk ;g drZO; ugha curk fd os muds ukikd bjknksa dk eqga rksM+ tokc nsa vkSj vius eqfDrnkrk ds ewy fopkj turk ds lkeus yk,a\ ckck lkgsc vdlj dgk djrs Fks fd ftl izdkj ikS/s dks thfor jgus ds fy, [kkn&ikuh dh vko';drk gksrh gSa] mlh izdkj fopkjksa dks izpkj&izlkj :ih [kkn&ikuh dh vko';drk gksrh gS] ,slk u gksus ij nksuksa eqj>k vFkok ej tkrs gSaA >wB Hkh ;fn gt+kj ckj cdk tk, rks og lp yxus yxrk gSA Hkkjr esa tks gky rFkkxr cq¼ ds fopkjksa dk gqvk] ogh vkt ckck lkgsc ds fopkjksa dk fd;k tk jgk gS] blfy, muds fopkjksa dks thfor j[kus dk bl ys[kd dk ;g NksVk&lk iz;kl gSA vkb, ns[ksa fd mUgksaus Hkkjr ds nfyrksa ds fy, D;k lUns'k NksM+k gSaA 3 vizSy] 1927

dks ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj th }kjk ^cfg"Ñr Hkkjr* uked if=kdk fudkyh tkus yxha 29 tqykbZ] 1927 bZ- ds ,d ys[k esa mUgksaus fy[kk&^^[kks, gq, vf/dkj ekaxus ls ugha feyk djrsA mUgsa vFkd la?k"kZ }kjk gh izkIr fd;k tk ldrk gSaA** mUgksaus vkxs dgk&^^cdfj;ksa dks gh cfy dh osnh ij p<+k;k tkrk gS] 'ksjksa dks ughaA** mUgksaus Hkkjr ds vNwrksa dks 'ksjksa dh rjg cgknqj o fuMj cuus dh lykg nh rFkk dgk fd vius vf/ dkjksa dks izkIr djus ds fy, fujarj la?k"kZjr jgksA 25 uoEcj] 1927 ds ^cfg"Ñr Hkkjr* ds vad esa ckck lkgsc fy[krs gSa&^^,d dkS, dh rjg lSdM+kas lky thfor jguk gh thus dk ,d lgh rjhdk ugha gSA thou dks vf/d mÙke vkSj vej cuk;k tk ldrk gS ;fn mls lPpkbZ vkSj ns'k I;kj vkfn ds fy, dqckZu dj fn;k tk, rks ekuo vf/dkjksa dh yM+kbZ esa vla[; yksx vej gks pqds gSAa fdlh vPNs dke ds fy, tokuh esa ej tkuk ml vksd ds o`{k dh vis{kk dgha vPNk gS tks gtkjksa lky fcuk dqN fd, thfor jgrk gSA** lu~ 1932 esa cEcbZ ds csykfll jksM ij dh xbZ tulHkk esa os vNwrksa dks lEcksf/r djrs gq, mUgsa fgUnw /eZ ds va/ fo'oklksa] <dkslyksa vkSj deZdkaMksa ds fo:¼ lpsr djrs gSaA ckck lkgsc mUgsa fgUnw /eZ R;kx dj fdlh vU; /eZ] tks mUgsa cjkcjh ns lds] viukus ds fy, ekufld :i ls rS;kj dj jgs FksA vius lEcks/u esa os dgrs gS&a ^^xys esa

^nklrk ls eqfDr jktuhfrd 'kfDr;ksa esa varfuZfgr gS*


rqylh ds iÙks cka/ ysus ls rqe lkgwdkjk ds paxy q ls ugha cp ldrsA blfy, fd rqe jke ds Hktu xkrs gks] rqe vius edku ekfyd ls edku ds fdjk, esa dksbZ fj;k;r ugha ik ldrs] D;ksafd rqe iaMjiqj dh rhFkZ ;k=kk ij tkrs gks] D;k rqEgkjk ekfyd rqEgsa osru] ns nsxk\ lekt ds vf/drj yksx bl izdkj dh csdkj ckrsa tSls va/fo'okl] peRdkj] jgL;okn vkfn esa Mwcs gq, gSaA ;gh dkj.k gS fd pkyw] pkykd vkSj /wrZ yksx vius ukikd bjknksa esa dke;kc gks tkrs gSaA** blh izdkj 28 vDVwcj lu~ 1932 dks lj dkscklk tgkaxhj gky dh lHkk esa ckck lkgsc us vius yksxksa dks dgk&^^ftruh tYnh rqe ;g fo'okl rksMr+ s gks fd rqEgkjs d"V iwoZ fuf'pr gSa] mruk vPNk gSaA ;g fopkj fd rqEgkjh x+jhch dHkh [kRe ugha gks ldrh] ,d xyr /kj.kk gSA vius vki dks xqyke le>uk NksM+ nksA** ekpZ 1933 ds izFke lIrkg eas cEcbZ esa dh xbZ ,d lHkk esa mUgksaus dgk Fkk& ^^rqEgsa viuh x+jhch Lo;a nwj djuh gksxhA blds fy, rqe Hkxoku ij ;k fdlh fof'k"V O;fDr ij fuHkZj er jgksa rqEgkjh eqfDr dk jkLrk jktuhfrd 'kfDr izkIr djus esa gS u fd iwtkikB] deZdk.M vkSj rhFkZ ;k=kk,a djus esaA /kfeZd iqLrdksa esa J¼kek=k j[kus ls rqEgkjh x+jhch] vHkko] chekjh nwj ugha gksxhA rqEgkjs iwoZt] ;g lc lfn;ksa ls djrs vk jgs gSaA rqEgkjs iwoZt lfn;ksa ls x+jhch esa fil jgs gSaA mu ij gj rjg ds vR;kpkj vkSj T+;knfr;ka gksrh vk jgh gSAa mudh n'kk esa ys'k ek=k Hkh lq/kj ugha gqvkA vius iwot Z ksa dh rjg rqe Hkh phFkM+ksa eas gksA mUgha dh rjg rqe Hkh xanh cfLr;ksa vkSj >qfXx;ksa esa jgrs gksA mUgha dh rjg rqe Hkh dbZ fdLe dh chekfj;ksa ls xzLr gks vkSj pwtksa dh rjg vf/d la[;k esa ej jgs gksA rqEgkjs iwtkikB] ozr rFkk deZdk.M rqEgsa Hkq[kejh ls futkr ugha fnyk ldsA** vkxs mUgksaus dgk&^^;g jkT; dk drZO; gS fd og rqEgsa Hkkstu] diM+k edku] f'k{kk] fpfdRlk lqfo/k,a vkSj jkst+xkj ds lk/u miyC/ djok,A dkuwu cukus dk dke vkSj mUgsa ykxw djus dk dke rqEgkjh lgk;rk] lgefr rFkk bPNk ls gksA la{ksi esa dgk tk ldrk gS fd dkuwu gh lkalkfjd [kqf'k;ksa dk lzksr gSA bl fy, rqEgsa dkuwu

cukus dh 'kfDr gkfly djuh gksxhA** Fkkuk ft+yk ds dlkjk esa dh xbZ ,d tulHkk esa mUgksaus nfyrksa dks lEcksf/r djrs gq, dgk&^^ tks rqeus [kks;k] nwljksa us ik;kA rqe viekfur gksrs gks rks nwljksa dks lEeku feyrk gSA rqe tks x+jhch esa gks] vHkko esa gks rFkk gj jkst+ viekfur fd, tkrs gks] bldk dkj.k rqEgkjs iwoZ tUe ds deZ ugha gSa_ ijUrq bldk dkj.k gS os yksx tks vius vki dks mQ¡pk le>rs gSa vkSj rqEgsa uhp le> dj rqEgkjs mQij rjg&rjg ds vR;kpkj djrs gSaA rqEgkjs ikl t+ehu ugha gS D;ksafd nwljs yksxksa us mls gM+i j[kk gSA rqEgkjs ikl ukSdfj;ka ugha gSa] D;ksafd mu ij nwljksa dk ,dkf/dkj gSA fdLer ij Hkjkslk er j[kksA vius vki ij Hkjkslk j[kksA** vf[ky Hkkjrh; fMizslM Dyklst+ egkla?k ds 18 rFkk 19 tqykbZ] 1942 ds vf/ os'ku esa ckck lkgsc us dgk Fkk&^^ f'kf{kr cuks] vkUnksfyr gks tkvks vkSj ,d gks tkvksA vius ij fo'okl j[kks D;ksafd ge U;k; ds i{k/j gS] blfy, gkj ugha ldrsA ;g la?k"kZ esjs yf, izlUurk dk fo"k; gSA ;g yM+kbZ iw.kZr;k vkè;kfRed gSA bl yM+kbZ esa HkkSfrd dqN Hkh ugha gSA D;ksfa d ;g yM+kbZ /u&nkSyr ds fy, ugha gS] ;g yM+kbZ LorU=krk ds fy, gSA ;g yM+kbZ ekuo ds O;fDrRo dks iqu% izkIr djus ds fy, gSA** MkW- ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj th vkfFkZd ykHk ds eqdkcys vkRe lEeku dks vf/d egÙo nsrs FksA ;gh lksp nfyrksa esa iSnk djus ds fy, mUgksaus mUgsa ckj&ckj izsfjr fd;kA eækl ls izdkf'kr gksuh okyh ^t; Hkhe* lkIrkfgd if=kdk dks mUgksaus viuh 55oha o"kZ xkaB ij lUns'k nsrs gq, dgk Fkk&^ esjk lUns'k gS la?k"kZ vkSj vf/d la?k"kZA cfynku vkSj vf/d cfynku] fcuk cfynkuksa vkSj dqjckfu;ksa dh la[;k dh fxurh djrs gq,A ;gh rqEgsa eqfDr fnyk ldrs gSa vkSj dksbZ nwljk jkLrk ugha gSA vNwrksa viuk mís'; iw.kZ djus gsrq n`<+ bjknk djuk gksxk] vius dk;Z dh egkurk esa fo'okl iSnk djuk gksxk rFkk bdV~Bs gks dj mís'; dh iwfrZ gsrq MVuk gksxkA budk dke bruk egku~ gS rFkk mís'; bruk mÙke fd bUgsa fufEufyf[kr ckrksa ds fy, vius dks lefiZr djuk gksxk%&

^^os yksx /U; gSa] tks ftuesa os iSnk gq,] mUgsa mQij mBkuk viuk drZO; le>rs gSaA os yksx /U; gS tks viuh tokuh viuh 'kfDr] viuk ru vkSj eu nklrk ds fo:¼ vfHk;ku esa yxkrs gSaA os yksx /U; gS tks ifj.kke pkgs vPNk gks ;k cqjk gks] /wi gks vFkok vka/h gks] eku feys ;k vieku] rc rd ugha :daxs tc rd vNwr viuk lEeku iw.kZ LFkku izkIr ugha dj ysrsA** bl izdkj ls ckck lkgsc us vius yksxksa esa ,d ubZ psruk dk lapkj fd;kA mUgsa thus dk ,d u;k eØln fl[kk;kA vkt nfyr lekt esa ftruh tkx`fr o psruk ikbZ tkrh gS og lc ckck lkgsc ds iz;=kksa dk iQy gSA ckck lkgsc us viuk vfUre lUns'k vDVwcj] 1956 esa vius futh lfpo ukud pUn jÙkw th ds ekè;e ls vius yksxksa dks fn;kA mUgksaus cM+s Hkjs eu ls dgk& ^^pkjksa vksj ls (lo.kZ fgUnqvksa }kjk) eq>s xkfy;ka nh xb± vius yksxksa ds fy, dkiQh dqN fd;k gS vkSj vius vfUre fnu rd djrk jgw¡xkA** bruk dgrs&dgrs mudh vk¡[kksa esa vk¡lw vk x,A ^^tks dqN eSa dj ldrk gw¡ ;g lkjh mez dM+k fojks/ lgus dds ckn rFkk dkiQh dfBukb;ksa dks lgu djus ds ckn dj ldk gw¡A ;g dkjok¡ vkt tgk¡ fn[kkbZ ns jgk gS] bldks ;gk¡ rd eSa cM+h dfBukb;ksa ls yk ldk gw¡A eSa vius vuq;kf;;ksa ls ;gh dgw¡xk fd ;fn os bl dkjok¡ dks vkxs u ys tk ldas rks bls ihNs Hkh u tkus nsaA bls ;gha NksM+ nsa] tgk¡ ;g [kM+k gSA esjk vius ykxksa dks ;gh lUns'k gSaA** fiz; ikBdtuksaA ckck lkgsc ds mijksDr n'kkZ, x, fopkjksa vkSj lUns'kksa dks tkuus ds ckn ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd ge ckck lkgsc ds fe'ku ds lkFk U;k; ugha dj jgs gSaA ?kjksa esa ckck lkgsc ds fp=k yxk ysus ls] muds uke ls laLFkk cuk ysus ls vFkok mudk tUe fnu euk ysus ek=k ls dksbZ lPpk vEcsMdjh ugha cu tkrkA t:jh ckr gS muds }kjk crk, x, jkLrs ij pyuk] mudh fgnk;rksa ij vey djukA vkb,] vkt muds tUe fnu ds 'kqHk volj ij ge 'kiFk ysa fd muds n'kkZ, x, jkLrs ij pysaxs vkSj lPps vEcsMdjh dgyk,axsA

^eSa fgUnw èkeZ esa iSnk gqvk gwa] ;g esjs o'k dh ckr ugha Fkh] ysfdu vc eSa fgUnw jgdj e:axk ugha] ;g esjs o'k dh ckr gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

nfyr vkSj vkt dk fgUnqRo #

lh-,l-Hk.Mkjh

Hkkjr vktkn gqvk] Hkkjr dk lafo/ku cuk] lafo/ku ds cukus okys MkW- vEcsMdj th us iwuk iSDV dk le>kSrk dj lafo/ku esa vkj{k.k dk izko/ku fd;k] LorU=krk o lekurk dk vf/dkj fn;k] ftlds dkj.k nfyrks dks ljdkjh ukSdfj;ksa esa vkj{k.k feyk ftlds dkj.k nfyrksa dks ukSdfj;k feyhA vkfiQlksa esa vf/dkjksa cudj cSB x;sA lekurk o LorU=krk ds vf/dkj ds dkj.k mPp f'k{kk izkIr dj jgs gSA ge ;g Hkwy x;s fd gekjs iwoZt vktknh ls iwoZ fdl fLFkfr esa viuk thou O;rhr djrs Fks] mUgs [kkus ds fy, >wBu jgus ds fy, >ksifM;ka rFkk vPNs diM+kas dh rks lEHkkouk gh ugh Fkh] f'k{kk Hkh ge ls dkslks nwj FkhA ysfdu ;g fLFkfr bruh tYnh D;ksa cnyh] fdlus cnyh] dSls cnyh] bl lUnHkZ esa gesa lkspus dk le; gh ugha gSA vxj ckck lkgsc viuk thou lkekftd ifjorZu djus esa ugha yxkrs rks lafo/ku dSls fy[krs] xksyest lEesyuksa esa nfyr dh leL;kvksa dks vaxt sz ksa ds lEew[k ugha j[krs rks D;k lEHko Fkk fd ftl fLFkfr esa ge Fks ml esa lq/kj gks ikrk] lkbeu dfe'u] Hkkjr ugha vkrk rks d;k gesa loS/kfud vf/dkj fey ikrs] ukSdfj;ksa] laln] fo/ku lHkk rFkk vU; fudkeksa esa ge igqap ikrs] D;k fgUnwoknh tks gekjk fodkl dHkh ugh pkgrs] bu lqfo/kvksa dks ns ikrs] D;k ge mPp f'k{kk izkIr dj ikrs\ ;s cgqr gh egRoiw.kZ iz'u gS] ftuds mÙkj gesa [kkstus gksxsaA ge ;s Hkwy tkrs gS fd ge okLro esa fgUnw ugh gS] fgUnw gesa fgUnw ugh ekurs] ;s rks gesa nfyr gh ekurs gSA vxj budk eryc iM+rk gS rks gesa fgUnw cuk ysrs gS] vU;Fkk ge oks gh nfyr gS tks 'kfn;ksa igys FksA vc gekjs ikl /u gS lEifÙk gS rks ml egku iq:"k ds dk;ksZ dks Hkwy tkrs gS gesa dsoy nwxkZ dk o`Ùk] guqeku dh iwtk jke dh yhyk] Ñ".kk dh xhrk] rFkk fgUnwoknh jktuSfrd ikfVZ;k¡ gh ;kn vkrh gSA ge dks

A

¶vkt Hkh fgUnw /eZ lerk] LorU=krk o Hkzkr`Ro dk fojks/h gSA blesa ,sls xq.k ekStwn ugha ftuls ,drk dks uhao iDdh gks] cfYd blesa iQwV ds cht vkt Hkh O;kid gS fgUnw n'kZu lkekftd mi;ksfxrk rFkk O;fDrxr U;k; dks rqyk ij [kjk ugha mrjrk gSA fgUnwvksa dh fopkj /kjk Kku&izlkj dks mRlkfgr djus dh ctk; vKkurk dks izeq[krk nsrh gSA¸ vius gh cwjs yxrs gS] ge dks viuksa esa gh owjkbZ;ka utj vkrh gS] nwljs ds xq.k utj vkrs gSA ge Hkwy tkrs gS fd ;s lHkh viuk eryc fl¼ djus ds fy, gh gesa viuk cuk ysrs gSA lkekU; thou esa fgUnw (lo.kZ) gesa nfyr gh ekurs gS] vxj gesa fgUnw ekus rks fgUnwvksa tSlk O;ogkj djsa tks lEHko ugh gSA gekjh viuh /kfeZd o jktuSfrd igpku gS ftls gesa cuk;s j[kuk pkfg, ijUrq ge nksuksa ls gh nwj gks jgs gS tks gekjs fy, ?kkrd fl¼ gksxkA dqN le; ls nfyrksa (ges)a fj>kus ,oa mudk oksV ikus ds fy, fgUnw oknh laxBu rjg&rjg gFkdaMsa viuk jgs gSA vius egku usrkvksa ds lkFk MkW- vEcsMdj dk fp=k yxk nsuk] muds fopkjksa dks vius (fgUnwRo) vuq:i crkuk mudh rjg gh mUgsa ,d lPpk fgUnwoknh fl¼ djuk dqN ,slh ckrs gS] tks ,d ne MkWvEcsMdj dks fopkj/k,a dds mYV gSA ,slk yxrk gS fd bu dVjoknh fgUnwoknh laxBuksa dks vR;kf/d [krjk vEcsMdj okfn;ksa ls gh eglwl djrs gSA bl fy, fn[kkus ds :i esa viukuk mudh pky ,d fgLlk cu x;k gS] rkfd vEcsMdjh xqegjkg gksdj (fgUnwvksa dk) viuk lPpk fgrS"kh ekusa rFkk muds fojksf/;ksa o nq'euksa ds fo:¼ yMkbZ yM+sA

bl fy, ;s yksx liQy Hkh gks tkrs gSA ;s lÙkk ds Hkw[ks dqN nfyr usrkvksa dks vius da/ksa ij foBkdj lÙkk dk >qu >quk idM+k nsrs gSA viuk mís'; iwjk djrs gS] bl izdkj vEcsMdj fe'ku dks vius gh yksx muls feydj iQsy dj jgs gSaA MkW- vEcsMdj fgUnwoknh ugha Fkh] mu dk iwjk thou fgUnwoknh vNwr dk dksi Hkktu jgkA ;soyk dk¡UizQsal esa mn?kks"k.kk dh Fkh fd ^^eSa fgUnw iSnk gqvk ;g esjs ol dh ckr ugha Fkk] ijUrq ;g esjs o'k esa gS fd eSa fgUnw ds :i esa viuk 'kjhj R;kx u d:axkA** bl izla'k ls fl¼ gksrk gS fd os fgUnw oknh ugh FksA ^^nnZ mlh dks gksrk gS ftldks dkaVk pqHkrk gS] nq%[kk mlh dks gksrk gS tks tks nnZ dks eglwl djrk gSA** bl fy, ckck lkgsc us fgUnwokfn;ksa ds vNwr iu ds nnZ dks eglwl fd;k FkkA fd fgUnwvksa esa lekurk vkSj Hkzkr`Ro ds dksbZ y{k.k ughaA fgUnw lekt esa ,drk uke dks dksbZ pht ekStwn ugh gSA ;g oxksZ esa ugha] o.kksZ rFkk gtkjksa tkfr;ksa esa oVs gq, gSA fgUnwRo ,d ,slk liZ gS tks ekSdk ns[krs gh Ml ysrk gSA ;g larjs dh rjg mQij ls lkiQ o lqUnjj yxrk gS ijUrq tc mls Nhy dj ns[krs gS rks vUnj

^eSa fdlh lekt dh izxfr dk vuqeku ml lekt dh efgykvksa eas gqbZ izxfr ls yxkrk gwa*


ls iQkadksa esa oVk gksrk gS iQkadksa ij Hkh /kxks tSls oU/uksa ls Hkh ca/k gksrk gSaA bl lc dks le>uk cgqr gh eqf'dy dk;Z gSA ;gh dkj.k jgk fd eqVBh Hkj geykoj Hkh bUgsa ijkLr dj bu dh /u nkSyr vkSj cgq csfV;ksa dks ywV dj ys tkrs jgsA ge ;g Hkh tkurs gS fd fgUnwvksa us fons'kh eqfLyeksa ls vius lEca/ cuk;s] fons'kh bZlkbZ;ksa ls ikjfl;ksa ls lEca/ cuk;s ijUrq Hkkjr esa jgus okys nfyr dgs tkus okys vNwrksa ls fgUnw gksrs gq, Hkh ge ls lEca/ ugha cuk ldsA ;gka rd Hkh ns[kk o ik;k x;k gS fd izkÑfrd vkink vkus ij Hkh ;s nfyr ljdkjh lgk;rk ls Hkh oafpr jg tkrs gSA fiQj Hkh ge bu ij bruk fo'okl D;ksa djrs gSA ge euqokfn;ksa dks xkfy;ka nsrs gS] euqokn dks th Hkj dj dkslrs gS D;k ge ;g ugha lksprs fd lcls cM+s euqoknh ge gh gSA tc gekjh FkksMh vkfFkZd o 'kSf{kd fLFkfr esa lq/kj vk tkrk gS rks ge Lo;a vius dks Hkwy dj euqoknh cu tkrs gSaA D;k vkius lkspk gS fd nqxkZ (nsoh) us ftl dk o/ fd;k Fkk og dkSu Fkk\ jke us fdl fdl dk o/ fd;k os lc dkSu Fks\ ftl gksyh dh t; cksyrs gS os dkSu Fkh] fgjU;kd';i dkSu Fkk\ jktk cfy dkSu Fkk\ ge dkSu Fks\ vc D;k gS\ ge nfyr dSls cus gesa nfyr fdl us cuk;k\ bu iz'uksa dk mÙkj gekjs ikl ugha] uk gh gekjs ikl bl lEca/ esa lkspus dk le; gSA ukSdjh feyh] inksUufr gks x;h] tSlk ikl gks x;k rks ge lc dqN Hkwy x;s tks Hkwyuk ugha pkfg,A vkt Hkh fgUnw gesa nfyr le>dj ?k`.kk djrs gS] iRFkjksa dks iwtrs gSa ysfdu nfyr dks gkFk yxkuk iki le>rk gSA fgUnw xk; dks ekrk dg dj ml dh j{kk djrk gS ijUrq ,d bUlku (nfyr) dks tku ls mls dksbZ ljksdkj ugha gksrkA fgUnw lekt dk vax gksrs gq, Hkh MkWvEcsMdj us cpiu ls tokuh rd vieku >syk] muds lkFk D;k ugha gqvk\ fgUnwRo ds noko ds dkj.k I;kl yxus ij mUgs Lo;a orZu ls ikuh fudky dj ikuh ihus dh eukgh FkhA oSfjLVj ds :i esa mudk etkd mMk;k tkrk jgkA vkt Hkh lekt esa ns[kk tkrk gS fd nfyrksa dh ckjkrs dks noaxksa ds }kjk p<+us ugha fn;k tkrk gSA vkt Hkh fgUnw lekt esa ekuoksa dh ,d cM+h la[;k i'kqvksa ls Hkh cnrj

thou thus dks okè; gSA mu ekuoksa ds fy, fgUnwvksa us u fliQZ f'k{kk ds }kj gh cUn dj j[ks gSA mUgsa [kqyh gok esa lkal Hkh ugha ysus nsrs gSA vkt Hkh lkoZtfud dqvksa o rkykoksa ls ikuh ugha Hkjus fn;k tkrk gSA eq[; :i ls nf{k.k Hkkjr esa efUnjksa esa iwtk&vpZuk rks nwj] vius nsoh&nsorkvksa ds uke ij os Hkkstks es vPNk Lokfn"V Hkkstu Hkh ugha cuk ldrs gSA bl lcdk ftEesnkj fgUnwRo gh gS ftlds / eZ xzUFk rFkk egkiq:"k mls ,slk djus dh vkKk nsrs gSA fiQj Hkh og Lo;a dks egku laLÑfr;ksa dk tUenkrk gksus ds Hkzetky esa tdM+s gq, gSA fgUnw lekt ds o.kkZJe vkSj tkfr&ikafr O;oLFkk uked dq"B jksx us mls iwjh rjg xyk fn;k gS rFkk mlus viuh ;g Nwr U;kf/ dk foLrkj gh fd;k gS ekufldrk ls cgkj ugha fudkyk gSA /eZ dk míns'; ekuo lekt dks izxfr rFkk mls lq[k&'kkfUr iznku djuk gS ijUrq fgUnw /eZ rks ekuo dks izxfr esa vojks/ cuk gqvk gSA vkt dqN yksxksa ds fy, lq[k& lqfo/k miyC/ djokuk bldk è;s; gSA ijUrq vkt Hkh fgUnw /eZ lerk] LorU=krk o Hkzkr`Ro dk fojks/h gSA blesa ,sls xq.k ekStwn ugha ftuls ,drk dks uhao iDdh gks] cfYd blesa iQwV ds cht vkt Hkh O;kid gS fgUnw n'kZu lkekftd mi;ksfxrk rFkk O;fDrxr U;k; dks rqyk ij [kjk ugha mrjrk gSA fgUnwvksa dh fopkj /kjk Kku&izlkj dks mRlkfgr djus dh ctk; vKkurk dks izeq[krk nsrh gSA vkt mPp f'k{kk dks bruk eagxk dj fn;k gS fd xjhc O;fDr ds ol dh ckr ugha gSA fgUnwvksa dh u rks /kfeZd O;oLFkk] u gh lkekftd O;oLFkk rFkk u gh ,drk vkSj U;k; vkn'kZ gSA budk vkn'kZ {ks=k gj {ks=k esa fo"kerk ds vfrfjDr dqN ugha gSaA blesa ifjorZu dh xqatkb'k Hkh ugha gSA blesa ekuork dk ntkZ ls gh fu/kZfjr gks tkrk gSA vkt fefM;k dks gh ys fyth,a ;g iw.kZ :is.k fgUnwRo oknh cuk gqvk gSA ehfM;k us /kfeZd o jktuSfrd {ks=k esa gesa iaxq cuk fn;k gSA ehfM;k dh izlkj O;oLFkk /kfeZd :i ls rFkk jktuSfrd :i ls fgUnwRo dks gh c<kok ns jgh gS ge bl ds i{k/j curs tk jgs gSa tcfd ckck lkgsc us bl dk fojks/ fd;k FkkA vc ge ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ls Hkh vius dks cM+k ekuus

yxs gSa] muds fl¼kUrkssa ls Hkh HkVdrs tk jgs gSA D;ksafd ge lEiUu gksrs tk jgs gS\ MkW- vEcsMdj rFkk nfyr lekt fgUnw /eZ O;oLFkk ,oa fgUnqRo ls owjh rjg izrkfMr gq,A mUgksaus u ds dsoy ihM+k dkds lgu fd;k cfYd vius djksM+h HkkbZ&cguksa dh ihM+k dks Hkh eglwl fd;k vkSj fgUnwRo ls NwVdkjk ikuk u dsoy mudk è;s; Fkk cfYd vius HkkbZ cguksa dks Hkh bl udZ ls NqVdkjk fnykuk mudk ije drZO; cu x;k FkkA vkt dk fgUnwRo Hkkjrh;rk dks u"V djuk pkgrs gSaA jk"Vªokn dk ukjk dsoy ,d fn[kkok ek=k gSA dqN fgUnw okn iqu jke jkT; dh ckr djrs gSA ftlesa 'kEcwd ½f"k dks ekjk x;k ukjh dk vieku fd;k x;k] HkkbZ&HkkbZ dks yM+k;k x;k] /ks[ks ls jko.k (jk{kl) dk c/ fd;k x;kA blh izdkj dk jke jkT; pkgrs gS tgka nfyrksa dks i<+us dk vf/dkj Hkh ugha FkkA gekjs lEeq[k /kfeZd eap gS ekuork oknh / eZ gS tks gekjs iwoZtksa dk /eZ gS ftls xzg.k ugha dj ik jgs gSA gekjs lkeus /kfeZd eap Hkh gS ftls ge laHkky ldrs gSA Hkfo"; D;k gksxk ;g fdlh dk irk ugha] ijUrq gesa vius vkt dks ns[kuk gSA vius LokFkZ ds o'kh Hkwy gksdj vius lekt dks Hkwyrs tk jgs gSaA ;g le; fiQj ugh vk;sxkA vkt dk le; bfrgkl cusxkA tks fgUnwRo vkt gesa egRo ugh nsrk gSa og bfrgkl ds iUuksa ls Hkh gesa mM+k nsxkA bfrgkl esa dsoy jg tk;sxk o.kZokn] tkfrokn rFkk nfyr oknA bl lc ds nks"kh ge gh gksaxs] tks orZeku dks le>us esa xyrh dj jgs gS ge orZeku dh vka/h esa mM+ jgs gSA tc vka/h pyrh gS rks&rks dqMk dpjk lkFk ysdj mM+ tkrh gS] ijUrq tks liuksa esa mNky yxk jgs gksrs gS vka/h ds 'kkUr gksus ij os ,d rjiQ fdlh dksus esa iM+s gksrs gSAa rc cgqr nsj gks pqdh gksxhA ftl rjg ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj th us fgUnw /eZ dks R;kx dj ckS¼ /eZ Lohdkj rFkk udZ ls NqVdkjk ik;k] ;g gekjs fy, lUekxZ gSA fgUnwRo dh vka/h esa mM+uk gekjs fy, ?kkrd fl¼ gksxkA /kfeZd mRFkku o jktuSfrd mRFkku] lkekftd izxfr dk |ksrd gSA blls gh ekuoh; fodkl lEHko gSA ys[kd lkekftd fpard ,oa lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ gSAa

^esjs èkEe dk dke dsoy euq"; ds eu esa ;g ckr tekuk gS fd loksZifj vko';drk lnkpkjh cuus dh gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG



WLG'L;E UVSB E MRVHKT EZ EI WLH7 #

cs/M+d U;wt MsLd

vk/qfud foKku us ;g fl¼ fd;k dh] fo'o dks bZ'ojus ugh cuk;k- 'kjhj esa vkRek ;k ijekRek uke dh dksbZ Hkh oLrq ugh- HkkSfrd txr ds vusd 'kks/ vkSj la'kks/u ;g fl¼ djrs tk jgs gS dh] inkFkZ ges'kkxfr'khy gS- iy&iy ifjorZu mldk ewyk/kj gS- ekuo vkSj mldh cqf¼ HkhifjorZuh; gS- cqf¼ dY;k.kdkjh gksxh rks lq[k] ugh rks nq%[k gksxk- dksbZ Hkh fopkj dsoy vkfFkZd ugh gksrk] muds 'kS{kf.kd]lkaLÑfrd rFkk jktdh; Hkh ifj.kke gksrs gS- fdlh Hkh fopkj/kjkvksa dk fopkj djrs le; mlds lkekftd lHkh vaxksa ij è;ku nsuk t#jh gS- nqfu;k ds gj /eZ lokZxa hu jgs- mudk lekt ij lokZxa hu

vlj gqvk- og dHkh lgh rks dHkh xyr Hkh jgk- fo'o esa dbZ O;fÙkQ;ks us lq[k ds jkLrs crk,a- vktls djhc üÿ÷ö lky igys (blk-iw- ÿöý es)a fl¼kFkZ xkSre cq¼ dk tUe gqvk- mudh fufr oSKkfud] turkaf=kd vkSj dY;k.kdkjh jgh- vkt ls üúûý lky igys ts#lyse esa ;s'kq f[kzLr dk tUe gqvk- eqgEen iSxEcjus (e`R;q&b-lk- öýü) iqjksfgrksa vkSj lkearks ds f[kykiQ yM+dj 'kksf"krksa dk 'kklu çLFkkfir fd;kteZuh esa lu ûøûø esa dkyZ ekDlZ dk mn; gqvk- mUgksaus dkiQh /eks± dk vè;;u fd;k] ftles bZlkbZ vkSj eqfLye / eZ çeq[k jgs- mUgksaus vius vè;;u ls ;g fu"d"kZ fudkyk dh gj ^/eZ* ds Bsdsnkj bZ'oj ds tfj, HkÙkQksa dk vkfFkZd 'kks"k.k djus esa enr djrs gS- mlds iksi] eqYyk]

iafMr vkfFkZd fo"kerk dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, LoxZ&ujd dh ykyp ;k Mj crkdj yksxksa dks okLrfod thou ls xqejkg djrs jgs- gj /eZ dkyZ ekDlZ ds utjksa esa ¶viQhe¸ jgk- lu ûøøý esa muds çsj.kk ls gh :l (jf'k;k) esa iqjksfgrksa dk etgch 'kks"k.k vkSj lkearh >kj'kkgh [k?Re gq;hvkxs phu dk lu ûùýö esa ÷÷» viQheh (egk;kuh] fgUnw) fopkjksa dk [kkRek fd;kvHkh&vHkh ;qxkaMk esa ¶vkfFkZd Økafr¸ gq;h] ftles ^bnh vfeu*uked 'kkld us lHkh futh míksxksa dk jk"Vªh;dj.k fd;kvHkh&vHkh lkearh] vkradh xnkiQhdks xksfy;ksa ls Hkquk o 'kksf"kr turk us muds 'kklu ij /kok cksykckcklkgc vkacsMdjus ¶xksyest ifj"kn¸ esa dgk Fkk] tc Hkh Lora=k Hkkjr

^lekt esa f'k{kk gh lekurk yk ldrk gS] f'kf{kr lekt esa foosd&lksp o vPNs&cqjs fu.kZ; ysus dh 'kfDr iSnk gks tkrh gS*


dk lafo/ku cusxk og ¶,d O;fÙkQ] ,d er¸ ds lkFk ¶,d O;fÙkQ] ,d ewY;¸ ds ik;kHkwr fl¼kar ij fuHkZj gks]ftlls ¶vkfFkZd tura=k¸ dh cgkyh gks] bl ØkfUrdkjh Hkwfedk dk vkxzg fd;k Fkkogh muds thou dk vafre m¼s'k jgk Fkk] mls fo'kn djus ds fy, lu ûùþö esa Hkkjr dk lafo/ku dSlk gks\ bl fo"k; ij ,d ¶çk#i¸ fy[kk] tks ckn esa Hkkjrh; dkaxl sz h usrkvksa ds lkeus ppkZ ds fy, fn;k x;k- ij Hkkjrh; 'kksf"kr&ihfM+r yksxksa ds fgrksa dks nqyZf{kr djrs gq, mls Hkqyk fn;k x;k- vdsys ckcklkgc vkacsMdj ds erksa ls og ØkfUrdkjh fopkj Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds /kjk ds :i esa ikl ugh gks ik,- fnukad û÷ fnlacj ûùþö ds lafo/ku lHkk esa Hkh ckcklkgcus ¶vkfFkZd tura=k¸ dk gh ftØ vkSj vkxzg fd;k- fiQj Hkh dsoy euqoknh] dkaxzslh usrkvksa ds fojks/ ds dkj.k Hkkjr esa ¶jkT; lektokn¸ ugh vk ldk- ftldk urhtk vkt Hkkjr esa vehj vkSj xjhc oxZ gSlafo/ku lHkk esa fnukad ûù uoEcj ûùþø dks ckcklkgcus vkSj vkfFkZd tura=k dh is'kd'k dh] ¶jktuSfrd tura=k dks çfrikfnr djrs gq, gekjh ;g Hkh bPNk gS fd] vkfFkZd tura=kdks vkn'kZ Lo#i çfrikfnr fd;k tkuk pkfg,----bl lafo/ku ljdkj ds ?kVdksa ds lEeq[k Hkh ,d vkn'kZ j[kuk pkgrk gS- og vkn'kZ gS] ¶vkfFkZd tura=k¸ dk] esjs [;ky esa bldk vFkZ gS – ¶,d O;fÙkQ] ,d ewY;-¸ Hkkjr vk>kn gksus ij muds lÙkk vkSj laifÙk dk elyk NqM+kus ds ckjs esa dgha erHksn Fks] fgUnw vkSj eqfLye bu fo"k; ij ,d ugh gks lds blfy, ns'k dk foHkktu gqvkftUgk vkSj xk¡/h ds fopkjksa esa ;g erHksn dk;e jgk- ,dla?k Hkkjr ds fy, xk¡/h vius fojks/d ftUgk dks ugh le>k lds rFkk lo.kZ fgUnqvksaus vius vfM+;y /ksj.k ds otg ls ftUgk dks fgUnqvksa ds lkFk jguk lgh ugh yxkfnukad ûþ vxLr ûùþ÷ esa /kfeZd vk/kj ij vaxzstksa ds lÙkk vkSj laEifÙk dk

cVokjk gqvk- tks eqfLye yksx ftUgkoknh Fks os ikfdLrku x, vkSj xk¡/hoknh eqfLye yksx Hkkjr esa jgs- fdlh Hkh /kfeZd vYila[;kd O;fÙkQ ij vk>kn Hkkjr esa vU;k; gks bl fopkj ds ckcklkgc Fksblfy, mUgksaus ¶LVs~V ,aM ekbukWfjVht¸ ds vius jkT; lektoknh /ksj.k dks xk¡/hoknh dkaxzsl ds usrkvksa ds lkeus fopkj djus ds fy, j[kk ij mldk urhtk fujk'kktud jgk- tcrd fgUnw estkfjVh ns'k esa vU; / kfeZd vYila[;kd yksx lq[kh ugh jgsaxs] rcrd os fgUnqvksa ds f[kykiQ cxkor djrs jgsaxs vkSj tura=k ds lkeus ges'kk [krjk cuk jgsxk- mldk urhtk ;g gksxk dh gekjk ns'k vkSj fdlh nqljs fdlh ns'k ds xqykeh esa py clsxk- ns'k esa nqckjk ns'kh&fons'kh xqykeh u jgs- lHkh dks U;k;] Lora=krk] lerk vkSj ca/qHkko thou ds gj Lrj ij çkIr gks] bl n`"Vh ls ckcklkgc ds ç;kl Fkso.kZoknh eksgunkl xka/hus eqfLyeksa dks T;knk fgLlk fn;k blfy, mUgsa Hkkjr dk nq'eu le>dj Hkkjrh; lo.kZ czkã.kksa ds la?kVu vkj-,l-,l ds ekè;e ls mUgsa ýú tuojh ûùþødks ukFkwjke ?kksMls ds tfj, ekjk x;k- ckcklkgc vkacsMdj v[kaM ns'k ds lkFk Fks- fryd dk liuk ¶Lojkt¸ Fkk ij ckcklkgc dk liuk ¶lqjkt¸ çLFkkfir djuk Fkk- Hkkjr dks vkn'kZ tura=k nsuk ckcklkgc dk lq# ls gh ç;kl jgk- blfy, Hkkjr dks ¶lqjkt¸ cukus ds ç;kl lq# fd;s Fks- gj O;dhus vius pqus çfrfuf/;ksa ds tfj, viuh lÙkk çLFkkfir djuk pkfg, rFkk vaxstksa ds laifÙk dk lkeku cVokjk gksuk pkfg,] bl fo"k; ij mUgksaus viuk er fn;k Fkk dh turk esa laifÙk ckaVus ds ctk, lHkh laifÙk dk jk"Vªh;dj.k fd;k tk,ckcklkgc vkacsMdjus ¶jkT; lektokn¸ dks fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa esa Li"V fd;k Fkk] ¶jkT; lektokn ;kstuk esa] jkT; ds çHkqRo es]a lkewfgd <ax dh [ksrhckM+h ds lkFk Ñf"k vkSj vkS¼ksfxd {ks=k esa] la'kksf/ r :i esa] jkT; lektokn dh LFkkiuk dh

x;h gS- bl ;kstuk esa Ñf"k vkSj m¼ksx esa] iwath yxkus dk nkf;Ro jkT; ij lksaik x;k gS- jkT; }kjk iwath yxk, cxSj u Hkwfe vkSj u gh m¼ksx csgrj mRiknu ns ik,axs- blesa fcek jk"Vªh;dj.k dh çLrkouk nksgjs m¼s'k ls dh xbZ gS- jk"Vªh;dj.k dh gqbZ fcek daiuh ,d futh fcek daiuh dh rqyuk esa O;fÙkQxr /u ds lqj{kk dh xkjaVh vf/d nsrh gS- jkT; foek daiuh] pkgs dSlh Hkh ifjfLFkfr;k gks] /u ykSVkus dk iwjk mÙkjnkf;Ro ysrh gS- blesa O;fÙkQ dks fdlh çdkj dk Hk; ugha jgrk gS- jkT; ds ikl fcek daiuh }kjk fu;fer ,d fuf'pr iwath vk tkrh gS] ftls og vius vkS¼ksfxd dk;ks± esa yxk ldrk gS] vU;Fkk jkT; ds [kqyh cktkj ls iwath ysuh iM+rh gS] ftlds C;kt dh njs gh cgqr Å¡ph gksrh gS- vrk jkT; dks ?kkVk mBkuk iM+rk gS- Hkkjr esa] rsth ds lkFk vkS¼ksfxdhdj.k ds fy, ¶jkT; lektokn¸ vfr vko';d gS-¸ (MkW- vkacsMdj vkSj Hkkjrh; lafo/ku_ ys[kd& ,y- vkj- ckyh_ nwljk ladj.k] i`"V&þù&ÿú) Hkkjrh; lafo/ku esa dkaxzslh ç;kl ls ^/kjk&ýû* (dkyh /kjk) ds rgr laifÙk dks O;fÙkQ dk ekSfyd gd fn;k x;k- o ^/ kjk& üþ* ds rgr laifÙk dk eqgotk fn, cxSj ugh fNuk tk ldrk- O;fÙkQ dks mlds laifÙk dk eqgkotk fn, fcuk ugh Nhu ldrh- ljdkj O;fÙkQ ds lkeus vikbZt cuh- bu nks /kjkvksa ds tfj, iwathokn dks tUe fn;k- ftlls vkfFkZd fo"kerk dks c<kok feyk- bls ckcklkgc dkaxl sz h cgqerksa dk urhtk ekurs jgs- dkaxzsl dk iki os vius flj <ksus dks vkSj r;kj ugh Fks- blh otg MkW- ckcklkgc vEcsMdj vius gh gkrksa ls Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dks gh tykuk pkgrs Fks- tks lafo/ku vkfFkZd fo"kerk dks iSnk djrk gS] og vc ùù» xjhcksa ds fy, fdl dke dk gS\ mlds lekfIr ds cxSj Hkkjr esa^vkfFkZd tura=k* vkuk vlaHko gSfcuk vkfFkZd tura=k ds Hkkjr esa lkoZtkfud tudY;k.k vlaHko gSvejhdk ds ûö os jk"Vªkè;{k vczkge

^lHkh ds fodkl esa ns'k o tkfr dk fodkl laHko gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG fyaduus dgk Fkk] Âśtc vkokt mBkus dh t#jr gksrh] rc tks yksx pqipki cSBrs] os Mjiksd gksrs gS vkSj os Mjiksd yksxksa dh gh iQkSt cukrs-¸ rks lqçflÂź fuxzks Ă&#x2DC;kafrdkjd ekfVZu Y;qFkj fdaxus dgk Fkk] ÂśnqtZuksa ds nq"V vkSj cqjs deksÂą ls lTtuksa dk ekSu vf/ d /ksdknk;d gksrk gS D;ksfa d og nq"V deksÂą ds fy, gh ekSu lEefr gksrh gS-¸ rks MkWckcklkgc vEcsMdj (lu&ÝøÚÝ&ÝÚÿÜ) dk dguk Fkk] Âśxqykeksa dks xqykeh dk vglkl djk nks] fiQj ogh vius xqykeh dh csfM+;ksa dks rksM+us ds fy, cxkor djsaxs¸rFkk lafo/ku lHkk esa ckcklkgcus dgk Fkk] Âśtks yksx vkfFkZd fo"kerk ds f'kdkj gS] os gh yksx c<+s esgur ls cuk, bl Âśjktdh; tura=k¸ dh /fTt;k mMk,axsog fnu Hkkjr ds bfrgkl esa lcls nq[knk;h gksxk-¸ MkW- ckcklkgc vkacsMdj us fĂ&#x2DC;f'pu] bZLyke] fgUnw] f'k[k vkSj tSu /eZ dk vè;;u dj mles bZ'oj] Hkxoku] vYyk] vkRek ijekRek] iwtk&ikB vkSj LoxZ&udZ dh voSKkfud fopkj/kjk ns[kh rFkk dkyZ ekDlZ ds lkE;okn esa fgald rkuk'kkgh dks ik;k- mUgsa u /ekZs ds ikl ^tura=k* fn[kk vkSj u ^lkE;okn* esa- gj /eZ ds Bsdsnkj bZ'oj ds 'kklu dh odkyr djrs gS] tks rkuk'kkgh ls fyIr gS rFkk tks v/kfeZd lkE;okn gS- mues Hkh tura=k dk vHkko ik;k- blfy, mUgksaus ^loZtu fgrk;] loZtu lq[kk;* bl dY;k.kdkjh uSfrdrk (/Ee) dk jk'rk vf[r;kj fd;k- xjhc yksxksa dks vkfFkZd lerk ds fy, /Ee esa lfEefyr fd;k/eZ cuke /Ee D;ksa gS\ MkW- ckcklkgc Hkhejko vEcsMdj us (^bulk;DyksihfM;k vkWiQ fjfytu ,aM bfFkDl*] okyqe&Ýú] ist&ÜÜÚ ds gokys ls) cqÂź fopkjksa dks rkfRod vkSj oSKkfud gksus ls /Ee dgk] exj /eZ ugh- bldk eryc fufr] u dh fjfytu ;k /eZ ugh- cqÂź ds fopkj bZ'oj] vkRek] LoxZ&ujd] iwtkikB ds f[kykiQ gksus ls os /eZ] fjfytu ds ifjHkk"kk esa lfEefyr ugh fd;k tk

ldrk] ,slk ckcklkgc dk gh rdZ jgk FkkmUgksaus tks egRoiw.kZ xzUFk fy[kk mldk 'kh"kZd Âśn cqÂź ,aM fgt fjfytu¸ ds ctk, Âśn cqÂź ,aM fgt /Ee¸ blh dkj.k j[kk- /Ee dk eryc ^/eZ* ugh] fufr gS] vkfFkZd tura=k gS] vkn'kZ tura=k gSckcklkgc vEcsMdj us fnukad Ýÿ vDVwcj ÝÚÿÜ dks ukxiqj ds vius Hkk"k.k esa dgk] Âś/Ee dh t#jr xjhcksa dks gS- / Ee dh t#jr fifMr yksxksa dks gS- xjhc O;fĂ&#x2122;kQ vk'kkvksa ij thrk gS- Hope! thou dk ewyk/kj vk'kk,a gS- vxj vk'kk gh u"V gq;h rks thou dSlk gksxk\ /Ee vk'kkoknh cukrk vkSj xjhcksa dks lUns'k nsrk gS] ^fcydqy er Mjksa] gksxk] thou vk'kknk;h gksxk------blds foijhr /eksÂą dk dguk gS] bZ'oj us l`f"V] vkdk'k] ok;q] lwjt] pkÂĄn vknh lHkh dqN fuekZ.k fd;k- gesa bZ'oj us dqN Hkh vkSj cukus ds fy, ckdh ugh j[kk] blfy, bZ'oj dh geus vkjk/uk djuh pkfg,- f[kz'pu /eZ ds vuqlkj rks e`R;q ds ckn ,d Âśfu.kZ; dk fnu¸ gksrk gS- mlh fnu ds fu.kZ; ds vuqlkj lHkh dqN r; gksrk gS] mlls gh dksbZ LoxZ ;k udZ esa tkrs gSÂścqÂź /Ee esa bZ'oj vkSj vkRek dks dqN Hkh txg ugh gS- cqÂźus crk;k fo'o esa lHkh vksj ekuo fufeZr ihM+k gS- Úú yksx mlds fifMr gS- fifMr xjhc yksxksa dks eqĂ&#x2122;kQ djuk ckSÂź /Ee dk eq[; y{k gS- rFkkxr cqÂź ds vykok dkyZ ekDlZus u;k vkSj D;k crk;k\ cqÂźus tks ÂślE;d¸ rRoKku crk;k mls gh dkyZ ekDlZus vyx <ax ls crk;kgels gqvk rks /Ee ds tfj, gekjs lkFk dsoy Hkkjr ns'k dk gh ugh rks iqjs fo'o dk Hkh mÂźkj djsxa -s ---- cqÂź dk ;g u;k ekxZ cgqr tokcnsfg gS- geus dqN ladYi fd;k gS] mls ;qodksa us [;ky esa ysuk pkfg,mUgksaus dsoy LokFkhZ ugh cuuk pkfg, rks ^vius dekbZ dk ßú fgLlk /Ee dk;Z esa nwaxk]* ,slk ladYi djuk t:jh gS- eq>s lHkh dks cjkcj ysuk gS-¸ fo'o ds jktuSfrd fopkjd ^Hkkjrh; tura=k* dh vksj cM+s vk'kk ds lkFk ns[krs

vk jgs gS- vk/qfud Hkkjr dk tura=k cqÂź fopkjksa dh dsoy jktdh; mit gS- blfy, ;g Âśvkn'kZ tura=k¸ ugh] mls Âśvkn'kZ¸ cukus ds fy, ÂśvkfFkZd tura=k¸ dh t#jr gS- fo'o esa iwathoknh ljdkjksa ds tfj, equkiQk[kksjh] csjkstxkjh] egaxkbZ] Hkq[kejh] vf'k{kk] vlqj{kk] vkradokn] u'yokn iui jgk- dsoy Hkkjr esa gh ugh rks iqjs fo'o esa ÂśvkfFkZd tura=k¸ dh t#jr gSij Hkkjrh; Hkwfe Âśvkn'kZ tura=k¸ ds fy, mĂ&#x2122;ke mitkĂ&#x2026; gS- D;ksfa d ;gkÂĄ ij Âśjktdh; tura=k¸ ls mldh e'kkxr gks pqdh gSHkkjrh; yksx Âśtura=k¸ ds vkfn gks jgs gSftl ns'k esa jktdh; tura=k ;k /Ee gS] ml ns'k esa ÂśvkfFkZd tura=k¸ dks dk;e djuk cgqr gh vklku dk;Z gS- vHkh egaxkbZ dh ekj vehjksa dks ugh] ysfdu xjhc yksxksa dks t#j eglwl gks jgh gS- vukt ds vHkko esa mĂ&#x2122;kj dksfj;k ds ujHk{kh (vkne[kksj) çFkk dk mn; gqvk] oSlh fLFkfr Hkkjr esa u gks] blfy, xjhcksa ds leL;kvksa ij ljdkjus fo'ks"k è;ku nsus dh cgqr t#jr gS- vU;Fkk vkne[kksjh fuekZ.k gksus ls fdlh dksbZ Hkh ljdkj ugh jksd ldrh- ÂśvkfFkZd tura=k¸ ds fcuk lHkh ç;kl foiQy gSvkUnksyu D;k gS\ tkrh O;oLFkk ds 'kksf"kr&ihfM+rksa dks ml gn rd tkx`r djuk dh os Lo;a vU;k; ds f[kykiQ cxkor ij ugh mrjrsmUgsa muds gdksa ls voxr djuk- mlds çkfIr ds fy, le;&le; ij dk;ZĂ&#x2DC;e nsuk] mls fu;af=kr djuk- gekjh eq[; ekax Hkkjr esa ÂśvkfFkZd tura=k¸ dh gS vkSj mlds vojks/h ÂśHkkjrh; lafo/ku dh ÂśvkfFkZd fo"kerk dks c<+kok nsusokyh / kjk,& ßÞ vkSj ýÝ_ /kfeZd fo"kerk dks c<+kok nsusokyh /kjk& ßÿ rFkk tkrh; fo"kerk dks c<+kok nsusokyh /kjk& ýÞú] ýÞÝ vkSj /kjk& ýÞ߸ dks fujLr fd;k tk,¸- gekjk vkUnksyu jktdh; ;k /kfeZd ugh gS] tkfroknh gS ij mlls de Hkh ugh gS] 'kkafre; vkSj turkaf=kd <ax ls] lu ßúÝá rd] bl vkUnksyu dk mÂźs'k iwjk

^uk oa'k ls] u vPNh 'kDy ls] vkSj èku ls dksbZ euq"; egku gksrk gS ftlesa lR; o lnkpkj gS ogh euq"; egku gS*


djuk] djokuk gekjk fuf'pr è;s; gS- gesa iqjh vk'kk gS dh] 'kksf"kr&ihfM+r turk bl vkUnksyu ds lkFk tqMdj] gekjs lkFk da/ s ls da/s feykdj] vius gdksa o lq[kksa ds çkfIr ds fy, lg;ksx nsaxsvkfFkZd tura=k ^tuvkanksyu* ls D;k iQk;nk gksxk\ fo'o ds gj O;fÙkQ dks mÙke û- vukt] ü- diMs] ý- edku] þ- f'k{kk] ÿ- vkjksX;] ö- euksjatu rFkk ÷- jkstxkj dh t#jr gS- D;k fo'o dh dksbZ Hkh iwathoknh ljdkj bls cgky djus esa l{ke gS\ laifÙk /kj.k djus dk gd gj O;fÙkQ dks ekyd cukrk gS] blls vxj dqN yksx ekfyd gS] rks dqN fu/Zu yksx xqyke gksrs gS- D;k ekyd vkSj xqyke ds fj'rksa esa U;k;] Lora=krk] lerk vkSj HkkbZpkjs ds uSfrd ewY; ik, tkrs gS\ gtkjksa lkyksa ls ekuoh; lekt laifÙk ds ekfydkuk gDdksa dks ikus ds fy, ges'kk la?k"kZjr jgk gS- vkn'kZ uSfrd ewY;ksa dks 'kks"kdks us ges'kk udkjk] mldk urhtk fo'o esa nq%[k dh c<kSrjh gq;h gSo.kZO;oLFkk vc O;kikj ds :i esa thfor gS- equkiQk[kksjh ls gh vkfFkZd 'kks"k.k vkSj fo"kerk c<+h gS- mRiknu ds lHkh lk/ u ljdkjh gks- lHkh yksx ljdkj ds v/hu fu/kZfjr dke bZekunkjh ls djs- ljdkj mUgsa mfpr ekscnyk ns- [kktxh 'kks"k.k ds lHkh njokts can gks- bls udkjusokyksa dks tYnh ls tYnh mfpr vkSj dBksj ltk feys- lgdkjh <ax ls ekuoh; lekt esa O;ogkj gks- O;fÙkQ laifÙk (iSls) dk xqyke u cus- iSlk O;fÙkQ dk xqyke jgs- iSls ls I;kj] lerk] U;k; ugh [kjhn ldrs- iSlk balkfu;r ls c<+dj ugh- iSls ds fy, ekuoh ewY;ksa dk èoal djuk] xqukg gS- vkfFkZd tura=k esa O;fÙkQ ds lkeus iSlk] laifÙk nqÕ;e gS] U;k;] Lora=krk] lekurk vkSj ca/qHkko gh vge~ gSvkfFkZd tura=k dks dk;e djus ls----! û-tehu] m|ksx] rFkk fcek dk jk"Vªh;dj.k gksxkü-vukt] oL=k] fuokjk] vkjksX;] f'k{kk] euksjatu o jkstxkj dh iwfrZ o lqj{kk feysxh-

ý-gj O;ogkj lgHkko] lgdkj ls pysxk] u dh futh equkiQs lsþ-lHkh ds fy, e;kZfnr fdUrq ifjorZuh; ¶leku osru vk;ksx¸ gksxkÿ-^,d ns'k] dh ,d Hkk"kk* gksxh] ftlls jkf"Vª; HkkbZpkjk c<sxkö-^leku ukxjh dkuwu* }kjk tul¡[;k fu;a=k.k fd;k tk;sxk÷-jk"Vªh;rk] ekuorkokn] i;kZoj.k lqj{kk] oSKkfud fo"k;ksa ij f'k{kk dk çpkj gksxkø-tkfrokn] o.kZokn] oa'kokn] Hkz"Vkpkj] u{kyokn rFkk /kfeZd vkradokn [k?Re gksxkfo'o ds lHkh turkaf=kd turk dk ekuo dY;k.k dk;Z esa ;ksxnku t#jh gSlHkh dks lq[k&'kkafr ds bl tuvkUnksyu esa lHkkln gksdj dk;Z djus dk ekSdk gSHkkjrh; û» vehj yksx xjhcksa dks lq[k ls thus nsuk ugh pkgrs- xjhc yksx vc vkUnksyu ds tfj, vius ¶,d O;fÙkQ& ,d ewY;¸ bl ekuoh; gdksa dks ikus ds fy, cxkor ij mrjs gS- rks fo'oO;kih¶xjhc cuke vehj¸ ;q¼ gksus ls dksbZ Hkh ljdkj mls ugh jksd ldrh- ;g fo'o dk rhljk egk;q¼ gksxkfyvks VkWyLVk;us lgh dgk gS] ¶vki fdruk iQklyk dkVk] ;g de egRoiw.kZ gS] ij vki lgh fn'kk esa x, ;k ugh] ;g ckr vf/d egRoiw.kZ gS-¸ gekjs Hkkjrh; jktusrkvksus fdrus fnu 'kklu fd;k\ ;g egRoiw.kZ ugh gS] mUgksaus lgh ¶vkfFkZd tura=k¸ ds fn'kk esa dk;Z fd;k ;k ugh\ bls ns[kuk vc cgqr t#jh gS- ;g ns[kus ds fy, ^vkfFkZd tura=k tukanksyu*ges'kk ç;kl djsxk- ;g lHkh ns'kh&fons'kh cq¼hthoh yksxksa dk egkla?kVu gS- blesa gksus okys gj cnyko dks cgqerksa ls Lohdkjus ij tksj fn;k tk,xk- ftl O;fÙkQ ds fopkj ^vkfFkZd tura=k* dks iwjd gS] os bl la?kVu ds lHkkln cuus gsrq bZesy }kjk vkosnu djs] lHkh Hkkjrh; yksxksa dks lq[ke; cukus dk ladYi rFkk ç;kl djs- lksf'k;y fefM;k ds tjh; ?kaVksa dk dke feuVksa esa laHko gks ldrk gS] rks mlh ds tfj, gekjk

liuk Hkh dqN pUn cjlksa lkdkj D;ksa ugh gksxk\ futh laifÙk ds fy, ekuo fgalk u gks] 'kkafr ls gy fudys bl ç;kl ds fy, ru] eu vkSj /u ls ç;kl gksuk pkfg,] ,slk ç;kl MkW- ckcklkgc vkacsMdjus fd;k Fkk] ij mfpr lg;ksx ds vHkko esa mudk ;g fe'ku iwjk ugh gqvk- mls iwjk djus ds fy, vius vkenkuh dh üú» iwath lekt ifjorZu ds dk;Z ds fy, gj ,d O;fÙkQus] ges'kk [kpkZ djrs jgus dh ulh;r Hkh mUgksaus fnukad ûÿ vDVwEcj ûùÿö dks ukxiqj ds vius Økafrdkjh Hkk"k.k esa dgh Fkh- ij muds ¶t;Hkhe¸ dgusokys vuq;kf;;ksa us mls roTtks ugha fn;k] D;ksfa d mUgsa yxk dh] ¶Økafr eqÝr esa feyrh gS-¸ ftldk çfriQy ;g gS dh ckcklkgc vkacsMdj dk dkjoka vkxs ugh c<+k vkSj Hkkjr esa djhc øú» xjhc yksx üú@& jksth esa viuk ifjokj iky jgs gS/kfeZd] tkrh] o.kZ vkSj oxZ ls Hkkjrh; 'kksf"kr&ihfM+r yksxksa dks iwathoknh O;oLFkk [k?Re djds vkfFkZd tura=k çkfIr ds fy, MkW- ckcklkgc vEcsMdjus lafo/ku lHkk esa fnukad ûù flrEcj ûùþù dks flagxtZuk dh Fkh] ¶vki ftu Lokfe;ksa ds fy, gy pykrs gks os vkidks fupk fn[kkrs gS- vki esgurd'k yksx è;ku ls lqUnj oL=k cqurs gS mls vkids nq'eu igurs gS- rqe cgqr lqLrk pqds] vc 'ksjksa dh rjg mBks ij vksl dh rjg mBks] vius csfM+;ksa dks mrj ds iQsadks- vki cgqr cgqr T;knk gS vkSj vkids nq'eu cgqr de gS-¸ tcrd Hkkjr esa jkT; lektokn ykxq ugh gksxk] rcrd Hkkjr ls /kfeZd vkradokn] vkfFkZd u{kyokn] o.kZoknh iwathokn] egaxkbZ] Hkqdejh] dqiks"k.k rFkk tkfrxr leL;vksa dk fujkdj.k ugh gks ldrk blfy, Hkkjrh; 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r turk us ¶jkT; lektokn¸ dk vkxzg djuk pkfg,- blfy, gekjk ukjk gS] Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dh ¶/kjk& ýû¸ vkSj ¶/ kjk& üþ¸ dks gVko vFkkZr ¶vehjh gVko] xjhch gVko!¸ (lkHkkj&baVjusV ls---

^vkjksX; lcls cM+k ykHk gS] euq"; dks bls izkIr djus ds fy, [kku&iku vkfn esa lkoèkku jguk pkfg,*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

t; Hkhe

t; Hkkjr

ueksa cqÂźk;%

G JK MN/UN@ HKI0N OD[%X

MN9xK Y>NFNM@ H6[WKX@ 8ZW S6X\@ D9M9VXHV9D  S6X\@ GN9=X Z  S6X\@ YNIQ

IRSNM OT+NNN ON[M

YNI)N=G#ONHNIWG OHUN R OHNXUN@ GUN@ Y>ND0UN@ IRNIQUN@ YDNIR RNO@ ONHNIWG 8N RD NNVNN GV L]IUGNM JVUZ QI\U HKI0N NNVN R WN[GUN Hkkjrh; eqy ds lkekftd yksxksa ds lkeus ehfM;k laxBu ds ckjs esa crkuk t:jh le>rk gw¥ vkSj vk'kk djrk gw¥ dh vki yksx bls è;ku iwoZd i<s+axsA fdlh Hkh lkekftd O;fDRk dks esjh fy[kh gqbZ dksbZ ckr vPNh uk yxs rks mlds fy;s esa Nek izkFkhZ gw¥A ,d vkSj uez fuosnu gS vki bl isij dks i<+us ds ckn vius nksLrks dks vkxs i<+us ds fy;s t:j ns rkfd osLVsM T;knk u gks fefM;k laxBu esa vki dh lgHkkxhrk cu ldsA bl ds fy, esa vki dk cgqr&cgqr vkHkjh jgw¥xkA tSlk dh vki yksx tkurs gh gksaxs dh gekjs ikl viuh ehfM;k ;kfu U;wt pSuy] ,aVjVsuesaV pSuy] dkVZwu pSuy] dkVZwu pSuy] ,iQ ,e pSuy] us'kuy vdckj eSaxthu] vkfn ugha gSA vkt rd gekjh fdlh jktuSfrd ikVhZ us bysDVª fud ehfM;ka [kksyus dh rjiQ dHkh ugha lkspkA vxj gekjs jktusrk ;k gekjh jktuSfrd ikfVZ;ka ,d U;wt pSuy lekt ds mŸkj ds fy;s [kksy nsrh rks lekt dks fefM;k dh rkdr fey tkrh vkSj lekt ij gks jgs] vR;kpkjksa ls NqVdkjk] fnykus esa ,ge Hkwfedk fuHkkus esa dke;kc jgrh ysfdu gekjs lekt ds jktuSfrd eqf[k;kvksa dks yxrk gS fd vc gekjs lekt ij vR;kpkj ugha gksrs rks fefM;k fd gesa D;k t:jr\ D;ksafd mUgsa vc tuZy fefM;k ij Hkjkslk gSA vc mUgsa iqjs ns'k esa Hkkjrh; ewy ds nfyr yksxksa ij vR;kpkj gksrk ugha nh[krkA blfy;s lekt dks fefM;k dh t:jr ugha gSA gekjh jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ka ds ikl ,sls lkekftd nyky gS tks Hkkjrh;s ewy ds yksxksa dks xqejkg dj Mksj Vw Mksj usVodZ okyk l?kaBu pyk jgh gSA og bl fy;s] mUgsa jktkuSfrd iQk;nk gksrk jgsA lekt ds uke ij mUgsa fliQZ oksV cSad ds rhj ij bLrseky djrs jgsA ;s ckrs vc lHkh yksx tku pqds gS ysfdu mu ij vadq'k yxkus okyk dksbZ lekt ds ikl ,slk dksbZ fodYi ugha cpk gS tks mudh vkokt ljdkj o nwljs ns'kksa rd igkspus esa dke;kc gks ldsA vc lekt ds ikl fefM;k gh fodYi gSA tks fefM;k dks [kM+k djs vkSj ,sls jktuSfrd ikfVZ;kas ds eqf[k;kvksa vkSj vU/s jktuSfrd ikfVZ;ksa esa fjtoZslu fd otgs ls iQk;nk ys jgs gS vkSj tuZy yksxksa dh ckrksa esa vk dj nfyr lekt dk 'kks"k.k dj jgs gSA fefM;k l?kaBu cu tkus ls mUgsa lekt dks tckc nsgh nsuh iM+sxhA os yksx lekt ds fy;s D;k dj jgs gSA mudh ftEesokfj;k D;k gS fefM;k ds ekè;e ls muds mQij ges'kk nckc cuk jgsxkA rHkh lekt dks eq[; /kjk ls tksM+k tk ldrk gSA bl ckr dks tuZy yksx Hkh Hkyh Hkkfr tkurs gSa fd vxj nfyr lekt us bysDVª fud ehfM;k [kM+k dj fy;k rks fgUnqLrku dh vlyh rLohj iwjh nqfu;k ds lkeus gksxhA gekjs lekt ij gks jgs vR;kpkjsa dh fyLV oYMZ ds gj ns'k ds ikl gksxhA vkSj mudk xank---- csjge psgjk iwjh nqfu;k ds lkeus gksxkA vkt dh ehfM;k gekjs lekt ij gks jgs vR;kpkj dkss ugha fn[kkrh D;ksafd vR;kpkj djus okys muds gh yksx gksrs gSa ftlds fy, tuZy yksx ehfM;k dk lgkjk ys dj gekjk 'kks"k.k dj jgk gSaA os ,slk bl fy, dj jgs gS fd tuZy yksx ehfM;k ds ikl ek=k ekfyd gSaA gekjs ikl vius mQij gks jgs vR;kpkjks ds f[kykiQ viuh vkokt dks mBkus okyk dkssbZ us'kuy vdckj] U;t pSuy] vkfn ugha gSA nfyr lekt dks vius cPpksa dk Hkfo"; cpuk gSa rks viuk fefM;k l?kaBu [kM+k djuk gksxk] fefM;k l?kaBu ds ekè;e ls us'kuy U;t pSuy] vdckj] dkVZwu pSuy] baVjVsuesaV pSuy] vkfn dh LFkkiuk djuk vfr vko';d gSA ;g rHkh laHko gksa ldrk gS fd vki yksx fefM;k ds izfr tkx:d gks vkSj viuk igyk drZO; le> dj bl esa lg;ksx ru eu /u ls djsaA vius vkus okyh ih<+h dks nwljksa dh xUnh lkftl ls cpk ldsA ftrus tuZy yksxksa ds pSuy gSaA mueas jktusrkvksa dk iSlk yxk gSA blhfy;s os muds f[kykiQ ugha tk ldrsA og blhfy;s ge ij jkt dj jgs gSaA og tuZy dkse ds yksx gSa og fefM;k dks rkdr le>rs gSaA fefM;k dk lgkjk ysdj gekjh vkus okyh tusZlu dks xqejgk dj jgs gSaA og iSls Hkh geh ls dek jgs vkSj viuh xUnh ekufldrk dks Hkh gekjs mQij Fkksi jgs gSaA bruk gh ugha cfYd ckck yksxksa ds /kfeZd izksxzke crk dj pSuyksa ij pyrs gSA rkfd dgh ls vki cp Hkh tkvks rks ,sls ckckvksa ds paxqy ls u cp ldksaA ftlls yksx va/fo'okl ds nyny esa /jks jgs vkSj mUgsa iwtrs] p<+kok p<+krs jgsA vkt rks cfu;k yksxksa ds pSuy gSA cgqr lkjh ckrs gS crkuk rks cgqr dqN pkgrk gw¥A exj lkjh ckrksa dks ;gh [kRe djrs gq, ;s gh dguk pkgrk gw¥ fd vxj gesa cpuk gS vkSj vius okyh ih<+h dks bu tkfyeksa ls cpkuk gS] rks gesa tYn ls tYn viuk ehfM;k [kM+k djuk gksxkA fefM;k ds ckjs esa ckck lkgc MkW- Hkhejko vkacsMdj th] ekuuh;] dk'khjke th Hkh cksyrs Fks fd viuh fefM;k tc rd ugha gksxhA vki lekt esa cnyko ugha yk ldrs blh fy;s bu egkiq:"kksa us viuh Nerk ds vuqlkj v[kckj Hkh fudkys vkSj lekt dks tksMdj lekt es cnyko yk;saA vkt dh :M+h oknh ekufldrk okys ns'k esa ,d gh fodYi gS fd gesa lekt dks cpkus ds fy, tYn ls tYn ehfM;k laxBu [kM+k dj U;wt uSpy] v[kckj LFkkfir djus gksxsA rHkh vki vius lekt dks ,sls vR;kpkjh tkfyeksa dss f[kykiQ vkokt mBkus esa dke;kc gksaxsA

;fn vki gekjs fopkjksa ls lger gS rks laidZ djsa%&

irk& vkfQl ua-&8] rhljh eafty Hkokuh ekdsVZ vVVk] lsDVj&27] uks,Mk] Qksu ua- 9891304195 ^èkEe rHkh lŸEe gS] tc og lHkh euq";ksa ds fy, Kku ds }kj [kksy nsrk gS*


JXVLJ4E7OGZSYRZLFIELO-SLPTU

A

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

;|fi iwuk iSDV ds vuqlkj nfyrksa ds fy, ^ dE;quy vokMZ ^ esa lqjf{kr lhVksa dh la[;k c<+k dj 78 ls 151 gks x;h ijUrq la;Ùq kQ fuokZpu ds dkj.k  muls vius çfrfuf/ Lo;a pquus dk vf/dkj fNUu x;k ftlds nq"ifj.kke vkt rd nfyr lekt >sy jgk gS-

#

vkj-,l-nkjkiqjh

Hkkjrh; fgUnw lekt esa tkfr dks vk/ kjf'kyk ekuk x;k gS- bl esa Js.khc¼ vlekurk ds <kaps esa vNwr lcls fupys Lrj ij gSa ftUgsa 1935 rd ljdkjh rkSj ij ^ fMçsLM Dyklst* dgk tkrk Fkk- xka/hth us mUgsa ^gfjtu* ds uke ls iqjLÑr fd;k Fkk ftls vf/drj vNwrksa us Lohdkj ugha fd;k Fkk- vc mUgksua s vius fy, ^nfyr* uke Lo;e pquk gS tks mudh innfyr fLFkfr dk ifjpk;d gS- orZeku esa os Hkkjr dh dqy vkcknh dk yxHkx NBk Hkkx (16-20 ») rFkk dqy fgUnw vkcknh dk ikapok Hkkx (2013 ») gSa- vNwr lfn;ksa ls fgUnw lekt esa lHkh çdkj ds lkekftd] /kfeZd] vkfFkZd o 'kSf{kd vf/dkjksa ls oafpr jgs gSa vkSj dkiQh gn rd vkt Hkh gSanfyr dbZ çdkj dh oapukvksa ,oa fu;kZsX;rkvksa dks >syrs jgs gSa- mudk fgUnw lekt ,oa jktuhfr esa cjkcjh dk ntkZ ikus ds la?k"kZ dk ,d yEck bfrgkl jgk gS- tc Jh- bZ- ,l- ekUrsX;q] lsØsVjh vkWiQ LVsV iQkWj bafM;k] us ikfyZ;kesVa esa 1917 esa ;g egRoiw.kZ ?kks"k.kk dh fd ^¸vaxzsth ljdkj dk vafre

y{; Hkkjr dks Mksfefu;u LVsV~l nsuk gS rks nfyrksa us cEcbZ esa nks ehfVaxsa dj ds viuk ekax i=k okbljk; rFkk Hkkjr Hkze.k ij Hkkjr vk;s lsØVs jh vkWiQ LVsV iQkWj bafM;k dks fn;kifj.kkeLo:i fuEu tkfr;ksa dks fcfHkUu çkUrksa esa viuh leL;k;ksa dks 1919 ds Hkkjrh; laoS/kfud lq/kjksa ds iwoZ Hkze.k dj jgs dfe'ku dks is'k djus dk ekSdk feykrnksijkar fofHkUu dfe'kuksa ] dkaÚsalksa ,oa dkSaflyksa dk ,d yEck ,oa tfVy flyflyk pyk- lu 1918 esa ekUrsX;q pkSeLiQksMZ fjiksVZ ds ckn 1924 esa eíheku desVh fjiksVZ vkbZ ftlesa dkSalyksa esa fMçsLM Dyklst ds vfr vYi çfrfuf/Ro vkSj mls c<+kus ds mik;ksa ds ckjs esa ckr dgh x;hlkbZeu deh'ku (1928) us Lohdkj fd;k fd fMçsLM Dyklst dks i;kZIr çkfrfuf/Ro fn;k tkuk pkfg,- lu 1930 ls 1932 ,d yUnu esa rhu xksyest dkUÚsalsa gq;ha ftu esa vU; vYi la[;dksa ds lkFk lkFk nfyrksa ds Hkh Hkkjr ds Hkkoh lafo/ku ds fuekZ.k esa viuk er nsus ds vf/dkj dks ekU;rk feyh;g ,d ,srgkfld ,oa fu.kZ;dkjh ifj?kVuk Fkh - bu xksyest dkaÚsalksa esa MkW- ch- vkjvkacsMdj rFkk jko cgknqj vkj- Jhfuoklu

}kjk nfyrksa ds çHkkodkjh çfrfuf/Ro ,oa tksjnkj çLrqfr ds dkj.k 17 vxLr] 1932 dks fczfV'k ljdkj }kjk ?kksf"kr ^dfeuqvy vokMZ* esa nfyrksa dks i`Fkd fuokZpu dk LorU=k jktuhfrd vf/dkj feyk- bl vokMZ ls nfyrksa dks vkjf{kr lhVksa ij i`Fkd fuokZpu }kjk vius çfrfuf/ Lo;a pquus dk vf/dkj feyk vkSj lkFk gh lkekU; tkfr ds fuokZpu {ks=kksa esa lo.kks± dks pquus gsrq nks oksV dk vf/dkj Hkh çkIr gqvk- bl çdkj Hkkjr ds bfrgkl esa vNwrksa dks igyh okj jktuSfrd Lora=krk dk vf/dkj çIr gqvk tks mudh eqfÙkQ dk ekxZ ç'kLr dj ldrk FkkmÙkQ vokMZ }kjk nfyrksa dks xouZesaV vkiQ bafM;k ,DV]1919 esa vYi la[;dksa ds :i esa feyh ekU;rk ds vk/kj ij vU; vYi la[;dksa ] eqlyekuks]a flD[kks]a ,sXa yks bafM;ut rFkk dqN vU; ds lkFk lkFk i`Fkd fuokZpu ds :i esa çkarh; fo/k;dkvksa ,oa dsUæh; ,lsEcyh gsrq vius çfrfuf/ Lo;a pquus dk vf/dkj feyk rFkk mu lHkh ds fy, lhVksa dh la[; fuf'pr dh x;h- blesa vNwrksa ds fy, 78 lhVsa fo'ks"k fuokZpu {ks=kksa ds :i esa vkjf{kr dh x;ha- xk¡/h th us mÙkQ vokMZ dh ?kks"k.kk gksus ij ;jonk (iwuk) tsy esa 18

^eSa ftl vNwr leqnk; esa iSnk gqvk gwa];fn mldh xqykeh dk mUewyu u dj ldk]rks eSa vius thou dk var dj ywaxk*


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG vxLr] 1932 dks nfyrksa dks feys i`Fkd fuokZpu ds vf/dkj ds fojks/ esa 20 flrEcj] 1932 ls vkej.k vu'ku djus dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh- xk¡/h th dk er Fkk fd blls vNwr fgUnw lekt ls vyx gks tk;saxs ftlls fgUnw lekt o fgUnw /eZ fo?kfVr gks tk;sxk;g KkrO; gS fd mUgksua s eqlyekuks]a flD[kksa o ,saXyks& bafM;ut dks feys mlh vf/dkj dk dksbZ fojks/ ugha fd;k Fkk- xk¡/h th us bl vans'ks dks ysdj 18 vxLr] 1932 dks rRdkyhu fczfV'k ç/ku ea=kh] Jh jsEts eSdMksukYM dks ,d i=k Hkst dj nfyrksa dks fn, x, i`Fkd fuokZpu ds vf/dkj dks lekIr djds la;qÙkQ erkf/dkj dh O;oLFkk djus rFkk fgUnw lekt dks fo?kVu ls cpkus dh vihy dh- blds mÙkj esa fczfV'k ç/ku ea=kh us vius i=k fnukafdr 8 flrEcj] 1932 esa vafdr fd;k ] ¸ fczfV'k ljdkj dh ;kstuk ds varxZr nfyr oxZ fgUnw lekt ds vax cus jgsaxs vkSj os fgUnw fuokZpu ds fy, leku :i ls ernku djsaxs] ijUrq ,slh O;oLFkk çFke 20 o"kks± rd jgsxh rFkk fgUnw lekt dk vax jgrs gq, muds fy, lhfer la[;k esa fo'ks"k fuokZpu {ks=k gksxa s rkfd muds vf/dkjksa vkSj fgrksa dh j{kk gks lds- orZeku fLFkfr esa ,slk djuk furkar vko';d gks x;k gS- tgk¡ tgk¡ fo'ks"k fuokZpu {ks=k gksaxs ogka ogka lkekU; fgUnqvksa ds fuokZpu {ks=kksa esa nfyr oxks± dks er nsus ls oafpr ugha fd;k tk;sxk- bl çdkj nfyrksa ds fy, nks erksa dk vf/dkj gksxk – ,d fo'ks"k fuokZpu {ks=k ds vius lnL; ds fy, vkSj nwljk fgUnw lekt ds lkekU; lnL; ds fy,- ge us tkucw> dj – ftls vki us vNwrksa ds fy, lEçnk;d fuokZpu dgk gS ]mlds foijhr iQSlyk fn;k gS- nfyr oxZ ds ernkrk lkekU; vFkok fgUnw fuokZpu {ks=kksa esa lo.kZ mehnokj dks er ns ldsaxs rFkk lo.kZ fgUnw ernkrk nfyr oxZ ds mehnokj dks mlds fuokZpu {ks=k esa ernku dj ldsaxs- bl çdkj fgUnw lekt dh ,drk dks lqjf{kr j[kk x;k gS-¸ dqN vU; rdZ nsus ds ckn mUgksaus xk¡/h th ls vkej.k vu'ku NksM+us dk vkxzg fd;k FkkijUrq xk¡/h th us çR;qÙkj esa vkej.k vu'ku dks viuk iquhr /eZ ekurs gq, dgk

fd nfyr oxks± dks dsoy nksgjs ernku dk vf/dkj nsus ls mUgsa rFkk fgUnw lekt dks fNUu – fHkUu gksus ls ugha jksdk tk ldrkmUgksaus vkxs dgk] ¸ esjh le> esa nfyr oxZ ds fy, i`Fkd fuokZpu dh O;oLFkk djuk fgUnw /eZ dks cckZn djus dk batsD'ku yxkuk gS- bl ls nfyr oxks± dk dksbZ ykHk ugha gksxk¸ xa/h th us blh çdkj ds rdZ nwljh vkSj rhljh xksy est dkaÚsal esa Hkh fn, Fks ftlds çR;qÙkj esa MkW- vkacsMdj us xk¡/h th ds nfyrksa ds Hkh vdsys çfrfuf/ vkSj muds 'kqHk fpUrd gksus ds nkos dks udkjrs gq, muls nfyrksa ds jktuhfrd vf/dkjksa dk fojks/ u djus dk vuqjks/ fd;k Fkk- mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk Fkk fd fiQygky nfyr dsoy LorU=k jktuhfrd vf/dkjksa dh gh ekax dj jgs gSa u fd fgUnqvksa ls vyx gks vyx ns'k cukus dh- ijUrq xk¡/h th dk lo.kZ fgUnqvksa ds fgr dks lqjf{kr j[kus vkSj vNwrksa dks fgUnw lekt dk xqyke cuk;s j[kus dk LokFkZ Fkk- ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd mUgksaus lHkh rF;ksa o rdks± dks udkjrs gq, 20 flrEcj] 1932 dks vNwrksa ds i`Fkd fuokZpu ds vf/dkj ds fo#¼ vkej.k vu'ku 'kq: dj fn;k- ;g ,d fodV fLFkfr Fkh- ,d rjiQ xk¡/h th ds i{k esa ,d fo'kky 'kfÙkQ'kkyh fgUnw leqnk; Fkk] nwljh rjiQ MkW- vkacsMdj vkSj vNwr lektvarr Hkkjh ncko ,oa vNwrksa ds laHko tulagkj ds Hk; rFkk xk¡/h th dh tku cpkus ds mís'; ls MkW- vkacsMdj rFkk muds lkfFk;ksa dks nfyrksa ds i`Fkd fuokZpu ds vf/ dkj dh cfy nsuh iM+h vkSj lo.kZ fgUnqvksa ls 24 flrEcj ] 1932 dks rFkkdfFkr iwuk iSDV djuk iM+k- bl çdkj vNwrksa dks xk¡/h th dh ftí ds dkj.k viuh jktuSfrd vktknh ds vf/dkj dks [kksuk iM+k;|fi iwuk iSDV ds vuqlkj nfyrksa ds fy, ^ dE;quy vokMZ ^ esa lqjf{kr lhVksa dh la[;k c<+k dj 78 ls 151 gks x;h ijUrq la;qÙkQ fuokZpu ds dkj.k muls vius çfrfuf/ Lo;a pquus dk vf/dkj fNUu x;k ftlds nq"ifj.kke vkt rd nfyr lekt >sy jgk gS- iwuk iSdV ds çko/kuksa dks xouZesaV vkiQ bafM;k ,DV] 1935 esa 'kkfey djus ds ckn lu 1937 esa çFke pquko laiUu gqvk ftlesa xk¡/h th ds nfyr çfrfuf/;ksa dks

dkaxzsl }kjk dksbZ Hkh n[ky u nsus ds fn, x, vk'oklu ds ckotwn dkaxsl z us 151 esa ls 78 lhVsa gfFk;k yha D;ksfa d la;Ùq kQ fuokZpu ç.kkyh esa nfyr iqu% lo.kZ oksVksa ij fuHkZj gks x, Fks - xk¡/h th vkSj dkaxzsl ds bl Ny ls f[kUu gksdj MkW- vkacsMdj us dgk Fkk] ¸ iwuk iSdV esa nfyrksa ds lkFk cgqr cM+k /ks[kk gqvk gS-¸ dE;quy vokMZ ds ekè;e ls vNwrksa dks tks i`Fkd fuokZpu ds :i esa vius çfrfuf/ Lo;a pquus vkSj nksgjs oksV ds vf/dkj ls lo.kZ fgUnqvksa dh Hkh nfyrksa ij fuHkZjrk ls nfyrksa dk Loar=k jktuhfrd vfLrRo lqjf{kr jg ldrk Fkk ijUrq iwuk iSDV djus dh foo'krk us nfyrksa dks fiQj ls Lo.kZ fgUnqvksa dk xqyke cuk fn;k- bl O;oLFkk ls vkjf{kr lhVksa ij tks lkaln ;k fo/k;d pqus tkrs gSa os okLro esa nfyrksa }kjk u pqus tk dj fofHkUu jktuSfrd ikfVZ;ksa ,oa lo.kks± }kjk pqus tkrs gSa ftUgsa mu dk xqyke@ ca/qvk cu dj jguk iM+rk gS- lHkh jktuSfrd ikfVZ;k¡ xqyke ekufldrk okys ,sls çfrfuf/;ksa ij dM+k fu;a=k.k j[krh gSa vkSj ikVhZ ykbu ls gV dj fdlh Hkh nfyr eqís dks mBkus ;k ml ij cksyus dh btktr ugha nsrha- ;gh dkj.k gS fd yksdlHkk rFkk fo/ku lHkk;ksa esa nfyr çfrfuf/;ksa fd fLFkfr egkHkkjr ds Hkh"e firkeg tSlh jgrh gS ftl us ;g iwNus ij fd ¸ tc dkSjoksa ds njckj esa ækSinh dk phj gj.k gks jgk Fkk rks vki D;ksa ugha cksy\s ¸ bl ij mu dk mÙkj Fkk] ¸ eSaus dkSjoksa dk ued [kk;k Fkk-¸ okLro esa dE;quy vokMZ ls nfyrksa dks Loar=k jktuSfrd vf/dkj çkIr gq, Fks ftlls os vius çfrfuf/ Lo;a pquus ds fy, l{ke gks x, Fks vkSj os mudh vkokt cu ldrs Fksbl ds lkFk gh nksgjs oksV ds vf/dkj ds dkj.k lkekU; fuokZpu {ks=k esa lo.kZ fgUnw Hkh mu ij fuHkZj jgrs vkSj nfyrksa dks ukjkt djus dh fgEer ugha djrs- bl ls fgUnw lekt esa ,d u;k lehdj.k cu ldrk Fkk tks nfyr eqfÙkQ dk jkLrk ç'kLr djrk- ijUrq xk¡/h th us fgUnw lekt vkSj fgUnw /eZ ds fo?kfVr gksus dh >wBh nqgkbZ ns dj rFkk vkej.k vu'ku dk vuSfrd gFkdaMk viuk dj nfyrksa dh jktuhfrd Lora=krk dk guu

^ftl izdkj ioZr ok;q ds >ksads ls fgyrk&Mksyrk ugha] mlh izdkj cqf¼eku euq"; fuank] iz'kalk ls fopfyr ugha gksrk*


dj fy;k ftl dkj.k nfyr lo.kks± ds fiQj ls jktuhfrd xqyke cu x,- okLro esa xk¡/ h th dh pky dkiQh gn rd jktuhfrd Hkh Fkh tks fd ckn esa muds ,d volj ij ljnkj iVsy dks dgh x;h bl ckr ls Hkh Li"V gS% ¸ vNwrksa ds vyx erkf/dkj ds ifj.kkeksa ls eSa Hk;Hkhr gks mBrk gw¡- nwljs oxks± ds fy, vyx fuokZpu vf/dkj ds ckotwn Hkh esjs ikl muls lkSnk djus dh xqatkb'k jgsxh ijUrq esjs ikl vNwrksa ls lkSnk djus dk dksbZ lk/u ugha jgsxk- os ugha tkurs fd i`Fkd fuokZpu fgUnqvksa dks bruk ck¡V nsxk fd mldk vatke [kwu [kjkck gksxk- vNwr xqaMs eqlyeku xqaMksa ls fey tk;saxs vkSj fgUnqvksa dks ekjsaxs- D;k vaxzsth ljdkj dks bl dk dksbZ vanktk ugha gS\ eSa ,slk ugha lksprk-¸ (egknso nslkbZ] Mk;jh] i`"V 301] çFke [kaM)-

xk¡/h th ds bl lR; dFku ls vki xk¡/h th }kjk vNwrksa dks iwuk iSDV djus ds fy, ckè; djus ds vlyh mís'; dk vanktk yxk ldrs gSanfyrksa dh la;qÙkQ erkf/dkj O;oLFkk ds dkj.k lo.kZ fgUnqvksa ij fuHkZjrk ds iQyLo:i nfyrksa dh dksbZ Hkh jktuSfrd ikVhZ iui ugha ik jgh gS pkgs og MkW- vkacsMdj }kjk LFkkfir fjifCydu ikVhZ gh D;ksa u gksblh dkj.k MkW- vkacsMdj dks Hkh nks okj pquko esa gkj dk eqag ns[kuk iM+k D;ksafd vkjf{kr lhVksa ij lo.kZ oksV gh fu.kkZ;d gksrk gS- blh dkj.k lo.kZ ikfVZ;k¡ gh vf/ drj vkjf{kr lhVsa thrrh gSa- iwuk iSDV ds bUgha nq"ifj.kkeksa ds dkj.k gh MkW- vkacsMdj us lafo/ku esa jktuSfrd vkj{k.k dks dsoy 10 o"kZ rd gh tkjh j[kus dh ckr dgh FkhijUrq fofHkUu jktuhfrd ikfVZ;k¡ bls nfyrksa ds fgr esa ugha cfYd vius LokFkZ ds fy, vc rd yxkrkj 10&10 o"kZ rd c<krh pyh vk jgh gSa D;ksfd bl ls mUgsa vius euilan vkSj xqyke nfyr lkaln vkSj fo/ k;d pquus dh lqfo/k jgrh gSlo.kZ fgUnw jktuhfrd ikfVZ;k¡ nfyr usrkvksa dks [kjhn ysrh gSa vkSj nfyr ikfVZ;k¡ detksj gks dj VwV tkrh gS-a ;gh dkj.k gS dh mÙkj Hkkjr esa rFkkdfFkr nfyrksa dh dgh tkus okyh cgqtu lekt ikVhZ Hkh czkã.kksa vkSj

cfu;ksa ds ihNs ?kwe jgh gS vkSj ¸ gkFkh ugha x.ks'k gS] czãk] fo".kq] egs'k gS¸ tSls ukjksa dks Lohdkj djus ds fy, okè; gS- vc rks mldk :ikUrk.kZ cgqtu ls loZtu esa gks x;k gS- bu ifjfLFkr;ksa ds dkj.k nfyrksa dk cgqr vfgr gqvk gS os jktuhfrd rkSj i?j lo.kks± ds xqyke cu dj jg x, gSa- vr% bl lUnHkZ esa iwuk iSDV ds vkSfpR; dh leh{kk djuk lehphu gksxk- D;k nfyrksa dks i`Fkd fuokZpu dh ekax iqu% mBkus ds ckjs esa ugha lkspuk pkfg, \ ;|fi iwuk iSDV dh 'krks± esa Nqvk&Nwr dks lekIr djus] ljdkjh lsokvksa esa vkj{k.k nsus rFkk nfyrksa dh f'k{kk ds fy, ctV dk çko/ku djus dh ckr Fkh ijUrq vktknh ds 65 o"kZ ckn Hkh muds fd;kZUo;u dh fLFkfr n;uh; gh gS- MkW- vkacsMdj us vius bu vans'kksa dks iwuk iSDV ds vuqeksnu gsrq cqykbZ x;h 25 flrEcj ] 1932 dks cEcbZ esa lo.kZ

fgUnqvksa dh cgqr cM+h ehfVax esa O;ÙkQ djrs gq, dgk Fkk] ¸ gekjh ,d gh fpark gS- D;k fgUnqvksa dh Hkkoh ihf<;ka bl le>kSrs dk vuqikyu djsaxh \ ¸ bl ij lHkh lo.kZ fgUnqvksa us ,d Loj esa dgk Fkk] ¸ gk¡] ge djsaxs-¸ MkW- vkacsMdj us ;g Hkha dgk Fkk] ¸ ge ns[krs gSa fd nqHkkZX;o'k fgUnw lEçnk; ,d la?kfVr lewg ugha gS cfYd fofHkUu lEçnk;ksa dh iQsMjs'ku gS- eSa vk'kk vkSj fo'okl djrk gw¡ fd vki viuh rjiQ ls bl vfHkys[k dks ifo=k ekusaxs rFkk ,d lEekutud Hkkouk ls dke djsaxs-¸ D;k vkt lo.kZ fgUnqvksa dks vius iwot Z ksa }kjk nfyrksa ds lkFk fd;s x, bl le>kSrs dks bZekunkjh ls ykxw djus ds ckjs esa FkksMk cgqr vkRe fparu ugha djuk pkfg,;fn os bl le>kSrs dks bZekunkjh ls ykxw djus esa viuk vfgr ns[krs gSa rks D;k mUgsa nfyrksa ds i`Fkd fuokZpu dk jktuSfrd vf/ dkj ykSVk ugha nsuk pkfg,\

W +NKH

n xzVs Ls V bafM;u] HkkjrjRu] cksf/lRo] ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj th dh 123 oha t;arh ds volj ij lHkh ns'kokfl;ksa dks gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk,aA

Hkxoku nkl lqtkr

e/qefr lqtkr

mikè;{k] lerk lSfud ny

iRuh ek0 Hkxoku nkl lqtkr

^tks euq"; nwljksa ds nks"k gh ns[krk jgrk gS] vkSj vius nks"kksa dks ugha ns[krk] mlds vius nks"k c<+rs gh tkrs gSa*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

/NIQNVD GNYNM^NNmNK"N] >N5HJNV

 #

izks0 'k=kq?ku dqekj

YNWJO5W[WNIJMJNVSTGNJ6 IG+NNMUGKWIU2R/)NNXVOIQNVDOVEO QVnNGV FJTOD>GGNV ,NnNT OV +NKFQaUM WKRXWKXVGVI\FNGMIQNJ6$NH= GVHNNWN\GKGLNV\GI<LUGJNIXNVD `NMNNH=GV%VGVQNMNVDXV/RDGVI\VOK YNM^NN2R/)NN\N[Z GKIWOGV PLM IGOK GN NX JK X WN$ EOV JH AORN= YNM^NNA  GV XNH OV WNXUV J6D$ +NNMUHVDMNWXKIUG@ONHNIWG@YNI)N=G@ 2NRONIG@ U)NN XN6GMK YNIQ O+NK W[JLMOIQNVDGNORN=YNM^NN\N[Z J6$EOV OHN,UGMXV GKYNRnGUNJ6$ YNWNH= GV YN0 HVD EOKODRN= YNM^NN GN+NN0N4NV0JNVMJNJ6$ YNnNNMNHFNFZGVXNHOVIWOODUGV PLM+NNMUGK+NNV\K+NN\KWXUNFVRGZ4 FXGMYLXNNX\T9NMJK)NKYFPOGN LQN=4NnN=JNV[NJ6$YNnNNMNHGVONH]N7 GNVQV>NGM'NJONIFUXJKDJNVUNIG J IRnNVpN YNM^NN GV UJU JK OD+NR JTYN$EOUMJGV+N]p9NSNMGVPWN[MOV OFOV +NDGM U) J P+NM GM JHNMV ONHXV YNN J6 IG NH= WNIU GV EOK oN0D  GV UJU EO QVnN HVD OIQNVD OV F]NJHNKYNM^NN\N[Z J6 IWOOV EOQVnN GKWXUNIRL8XUNHVDWKMJKJ6$YNW EOQVnNGVYOD>NHDIQMNVDHVDWHNODLI5U GNV MNp9]a GKODLIU"NNVIpNUGMGV QVnNGN ORN=D[KX IRGNO IGN WN OGUN J6 \VIGX  OIQNVD OV S\K YN MJK EOK

A

O+NK FNNNYNVD GV FNRWZQ YNW QI\U ISDUG \V>NG@ InN^NG RGK\@ XVUN YN6M IRI+N8X GN=GUN= IRpNHUNHZ\G +NNMUK WNIU 2R/)NN GV ONHXV F0K STXN6UK >N0N GM MJV J6$ QVnN OV \VGM  IRQVnN UG QI\UNVD HVD  YNG]NVnN +NM [N J6 YN6M RV YLXV JG GK \0NE= GNV UVW GM MJV J6D$ +NNMUK STXNR 2R/)NN GK >NNIHNVD GV GNMN XVUN LNI9=NVD GV IL9a%Z FX  GM MJ WNUV J6D VOV HVD WX YNDQNV\X `NMN JK OIQNVD OV S\K YN MJK F]NJaHNK YNM^NN 2R/)NN GNV >N5H GMGV OFGV I\ OHNX YINGNM GNV L]N,U IGN WN OGUN  J6$

YNM^NN2R/)NNGVGNMNQVnNFNM FNM *'3  GV HNH\V HVD YLXV GNV IRL8X ONIFUGMUNMJNJ6$ GE=RpNNV=DOVFJTUUVWKOVA+N]p9NSNMA GKFNUP%NE=[E=\VIGXEO+N]p9NSNMGK W0 HVD GN6X J6 POGK UM4 \NV[NVD GN \VnNHN NXXJKD[NNZZD:GJVDEOYNVM WNXFZ!GMNXXJKDIQN[N$OIQNVD GV QI\U YNDQNV\X GN LIMNNH JHVD YNNTIXGT[HVD QV>NXV GNV IH\NWFGE= HJNLTpNNVD GV L]NOGV FNQFNFNONJF +NKHMNRY(FV0GMXVODIRNNXGV`NMNEO QVnN GV LQ QI\UNVD GVN YINGNM YNM^NN  IQ\NXV HVD GNHNFK JNIO\ GK$YNWOHNWGNJGHWNVMUFGN YLXVYINGNMGNV\VGMOHNXUNGKMNJ HVD Y[]OM JNV MJN J6 UF oN0D   `NMN YNM^NN IWOV H6D YINGNM GJUN JT:D POV >N5H GMXV GV I\ >NZXK YNDQNV\X +NK IGNWNMJNJ6$WXUNGNVIRnNVpN,NOV

TRNR[=GNVUMJ UMJOV+N]HHVD0N\GM EO YINGNM GV IRMNVN HVD U6NM IGN WNUN MJN J6$  \VIGX IWX QI\UNVD GNV LnNTUT< FXN GM PXGV mNNMKIMG@ HNXIOG YNI)N=G OF L]GNM OV mNNVpNN IGN[NRJYFWN[STGNJ6$YNWEO QVnNGVRDISUQI\UWXGNVI4MOVQFNXV GV I\ …GNXZX† 8N LNI\GN GN OJNMN I\N WN MJN J6$  QI\U WX GNV GNXZXHVD 4DONGMPXGV IRGNOGK[IU GNV GTDQ GMXV GN oN0D  S\ MJN J6$ \VIGXYNWQI\UNVDHVDFJTUONMVGNXZXIRQ +NK L6QN JNV STGN J6D$ RV EO oN0D  GNV +NI\+NN:DIUWNX[J6$ EOKI\L]HNNGV ON)N0N9NL]/UTU GMGV EOQVnNGKODLZN= WXUNGV ONHXV J U) PWN[M GM MJV J6D IG 8N LNI\GNHVDIGOL]GNMOIQNVDOVF]NJaHNK YNM^NN \N[Z J6$ EOKI\ JNE=GNV9= JNV N OTL]KH GNV9= POHVD +NK YNM^NN

^iqLrdas esjh lkFkh gSa] os eq>s iRuh vkSj larku ls Hkh vfèkd fiz; gSa*


Â&#x2026;YINGNM IJ/ONÂ&#x2020; GK HND[ m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nGUNJ6@\VIGXGNXZXYNIQLS0V HVD4DONGMPXGVGN=HVDFNNNL6QNGMQK WNUKJ6$ O+NKFNNNYNVDGVFNRWZQYNWQI\U ISDUG\V>NG@InN^NGRGK\@XVUNYN6M IRI+N8XGN=GUN=IRpNHUNHZ\G+NNMUK WNIU2R/)NNGVONHXVF0KSTXN6UK>N0N GMMJVJ6$QVnNOV\VGMIRQVnNUGQI\UNVD HVDYNG]NVnN+NM[NJ6YN6MRVYLXVJGGK \0NE= GNV UVWGMMJV J6D$+NNMUKSTXNR 2R/)NN GK >NNIHNVD GV GNMN XVUN LNI9=NVDGVIL9a%ZFXGMMJWNUVJ6DVOVHVD WXYNDQNV\X`NMNJKOIQNVD OV S\KYN MJKF]NJaHNKYNM^NN2R/)NNGNV >N5H GMGV OFGV I\ OHNX YINGNM GNV L]N,UIGNWNOGUNJ6$ VOV HVD +NNMUGV OTIRNN+NNV[KOHNW GNV +NKO3SNE= OV YN:D>NV XJKD STMNXNJNV[N P8JVDJOH!XNJKJNV[NIGQI\UNVDGNVWNV ODR6NNIXGYNM^NNL]N,UJ6RJGNVE=+NK>N XJKD X JK IGOK GN 1KXN JTYN IJ/ON J6 FI<GJQI\UNVD GNYINGNMJ$6 OFOV QT>NQI/)NIUJ+NKJ6IGOMGNMGKVOK

GE= NVWXN:D FXUKJ6D IWOGV `NMNOHNX YROMQVGMIFXN+NVQ+NNRGVJHOFGNV YINGNM QV OGUV J6D@ \VIGX WIU[U HNXIOGUNGV GNMNONMKNVWXN:D 4V\ JNV WNUKJ6$ISDUNGKFNUJ+NKJ6 IG QI^NNLD)NKGNVUNV1NV0QVEOHNH\VHVDEO QVnNGVL][IUnNK\UNGNSND[LJXV\NV[+NK EOYNVMGHNXQVUVJ6$GPQNJMNOV H6DEOV/Lp9GMXNSNJ:DZ[N$ E;XZ NIXEI8QMN[NDNKMNp9]aKHT'U IRnRIR_N\ GK /)NNLXN GN HT> PQaQVn )NN RDISUNVD GV `NM UG [TNR5UN LZN=InN^NNLJT:DSNXN$E;XZGV\[+N[O+NK LN%aG]H[TNR5UNOVT'UJ6D\VIGXP8JVD RDISUNVD NIXQI\UNVD UGLJ:TDSNXV GV I\ IWX LMNHnN=QNUNYNVD GK IXTI'U GK [E= PXHVD OIQNVD OV S\V YN MJV F]NJaHNK

W +NKH

YNM^NNGNV\N[ZGMIQN[N$YNWLZMV QVnNHVDG\N>NOVYINGLMNHnN=QNUNYNVD GK IXTI'U JNV STGK J6 YN6M JM IQX IXTI'U GK WN MJK J6 EOHVD QI\UNVD#YNIQRNIONVD RV Y<LOD>GNVVD GK OD>N X[ GV FMNFM J6$ JHVD EO HNXIOGUN GNV FQ\XN JK JNV[N$ EOK OHUNHZ\GIRSNMNNMNGNVYLXNGMJH ODLZN=MNp9]aGNIRGNOGMOGUVJ6D$ L]NVmN T"XGTHNM

Â&#x2026;\V>NG +NNVWLTMK +NNpNN@ ONIJ5 RD OD/GCIU GV8£@ E;XZ  GV ODNVWG RD OZ NNM J6D$ L]NV4VOM RD OZ NNM RD ODNVWG   J6D  EXOV   LM ODLG= IGN WN OGUN J6$  EXGN LUN  MDWKU IODJ &\N:G@ >NV\ [N:R@ XE= IQ<\K  J6$ Â&#x2020; E=HV\ shaturghna72000@yahoo.co.in

FDQZG OV 7NQN  IFSNM "NNUG JNVUV J6D$ QTIXND HVD GNVE= +NK WD[@ IFXN HI/UG GV XJKD WKUK WN OGUK$

NI'U QVXN YNONX J6@ LM8UT FTIÂ&#x2039; QVXN GI%X J6$ G\H GK /NJK@

NJKQ GV >NZX OV@ 7NQN LIR  JNVUK J6$ 'NV D I G G\H@ UHNH NJKQ L6QN GM QVUK J6$              0N:FKYNMY(FV0GM

FVN0G 8ZW RD FVN0G L]GN NX GK YNVM OV Q []V9V/9 EDI0X@ +NNMUM5X@ FNVINO5R@ LMHLZ7 FNFN ONJVF 0N:+NKHMNR Y(FV0GM GK  RKD WDUK GV YROM LM O+NK QV NRNIONVD GNV JNIQ=G NT+NGNHXND$

^xjhc vehjksa dh N=kNk;k esa dHkh izxfr ugha dj ldrs] vius mn~ns';ksa gsrq mUgsa vyx laxfBr gksuk pkfg,*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

OZ UNV

YOMQNM J6IGDUT 



ckck lkgsc us Hkxoku cq¼ ls çsfjr gksdj bl rhu lw=kksa dk lw=kikr fd;k& ¶EDUCATE¸%¶AGITATE¸%¶ORGANISE¸ rFkkdfFkr vEcsMdjokfn;ksa us bl lw=k dks fcuk lksps – le>s bl çdkj le>k&¶f'kf{kr cuks!¸%¶laxfBr jgks¸%¶la?k"kZ djks¸A bl çdkj lw=k ds Øe dks cny fn;k x;k vkSj mldks vius rjhds ls bldh O;k[;k dh xbZA

#

fnus'k dqekj

nqfu;k ds gj ns'k esa bfrgkl iq#"k iSnk gq, gSaA ftl ns'k esa mudks Hkyh&Hkk¡fr le>k x;k vkSj muds ckn muds }kjk crk, x, lektksUUeq[k dk;ks±@funZs'kksa@uhfr;ksa dk lgh ls vuqlj.k fd;k x;k] og ns'k ;k lekt gh mUur gqvkA dHkh&dHkh vDlj buds 'kks/ vkSj fopkjksa ds çpkj&çlkj esa ç;kl ds ckotwn liQyrk ugha fey ikrh gSA bl fLFkfr ds fy, ml ns'k ;k lekt dk cqf¼thoh oxZ ftEesnkj gksrk gS] tks rF;ksa dks vuq;kf;;ksa ds le{k Bhd ls ugha j[k ikrk gS ;k mUgsa vius rd gh lhfer j[krk gSA bl çdkj ekuoh; ewY;ksa dh mUufr ds fopkj dqN cqf¼thfo;ksa ds cqf¼foykl dk lk/u cudj jg tkrs gSaA vr% dg ldrs gSa fd vkus okyh ihf<+;k¡ egkiq#"kksa ds lektksUUeq[k dk;ks±@funZs'kksa o uhfr;ksa ls vNwrh jg tkrh gSaA bl çdkj cgqewY; /jksgj fdrkcksa esa dSn gksdj jg tkrh gSA varr% bldh çklafxdrk ij ç'u fpUg yx tkrk gS] ftl çdkj f[kys gq, iQwyksa

dh lqUnjrk gesa çlUurk dk vkHkkl djkrh gS] mlh çdkj bfrgkl iq#"kksa ds vuqHko lalkj dks egdk ldrs gSaA iQwyksa dh egd rks gok dh eksgrkt gksrh gS] ijarq Kku dh egd gjsd fn'kk esa tkrh gSA ysfdu iQwyksa dks frtksjh esa cUn djds j[kus ij os u dsoy lM+ tkrs gS vfirq mudh xa/ vFkkZr iQwyksa dk vfLrRo gh u"V gks tkrk gSA u tkus fdrus egkiq#"k ds lektksUUeq[k dk;Z@funZs'k@ uhfr gekjh vKkurk ds dkj.k dsoy fdrkcksa esa can iM+h gSAa mu egkiq#"kksa dh bl n'kk dk mÙkjnkf;Ro muds mu vuq;kf;;ksa ij gS] ftuds fy, ;s bfrgkl iq#"k fo"ke ijfLFkfr;ksa esa la?k"kZ djrs jgsA egkiq#"k fo"ke ijfLFkfr;ksa esa la?k"kZ djds ,d vuqdwy jkLrk fudkydj ekuo lekt dh ukuk çdkj ls lsok djrs gSa vkSj mudh çxfr dh thoar rLohj dks lkdkj djrs gSaA ysfdu vkus okyh ihf<+;k¡ muds la?k"kZ dk ykHk u ys ikus dh nks"kh Lo;a gSaA Mk- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dk ,d ,slk gh mnkgj.k gSA Mk- vEcsMdj dh lerkewyd lekt dh lksp dk lcls

vf/d uqdlku rFkkdfFkr vEcsMdjokfn;ksa us gh fd;k gSA vuq;kf;;ksa }kjk fdlh egkiq#"k dks viuh ekufld ladh.kZrkvksa esa dSn djus ds bl nqLlkgl dk nwljk mnkgj.k dksbZ vkSj utj ugha vkrkA bu Nne vuq;kf;;ksa us ml vEcsMdj dk vieku fd;k gS ftlds la?k"kZ dks ns'k dh çFke efgyk vkSj vljnkj ç/kuea=kh us viuh miyfC/ dk ewy lzksr crk;k FkkA Mk- vEcsMdj ds la?k"kks± ls çR;sd Hkkjroklh ykHkkafor gqvk gS] bl rF; dks drbZ udkjk ugha tk ldrk gSA ,sls egkiq#"k dks mlds rFkkdfFkr vuq;k;h vius ekufld fnokfy,iu ds dkj.k xka/h vkSj nwljs lEçnk; dks xkyh nsdj vkSj [kqn dks nfyrksa dk eflgk crkdj tkus&vutkus MkvEcsMdkj dks viekfur gh djrs jgs gSAa tc rd fdlh egkiq#"k dh lksp vkSj [kkst dk lgh lanHkZ le>dj vuqlj.k u fd;k tk,] rc rd mlds vuq;kbZ gksus dk nEHk Hkjuk Hkh ik[kaM gh gSA vc dksbZ dqN Hkh ekus] esjk n`f"Vdks.k rks ;gh gSA

^fdlh Hkh jk"Vª dh ckSf¼d ,oa lkekftd izxfr ds fy, iqLrdky; dh cgqr cM+h Hkwfedk jgh gS*


njvly] vuq;k;h dk eryc ok.kh&foykl ;k cqf¼&foykl ls ugha cfYd egkiq#"k dh ckr dk çek.k ;k xokg fl¼ gksus ls gksrk gSA Lo;aHkw vEcsMdjoknh ckck lkgsc dks fdruk le> ik, gSa] fdruk ugha] blds fy, ,d mnkgj.k ns[krs gSa & MkvEcsMdj us 'kksf"kr lekt ds mRFkku ds fy, vf'k{kk dks feVkuk vfr vko';d le>k D;ksafd f'k{kk ds vHkko esa ;g oxZ vius fo#¼ vkLFkk ds uke ij gksus okys / kfeZd vkradokn dks viuk thou le> cSBk FkkA vr% ckck lkgsc us vius ledkyhu dqN es/koh Nk=kksa dks vius [kpZs ij fczVsu i<+kbZ djus ds fy, Hkstk vkSj f'k{kk iwjh djds muds Hkkjr ykSVus ij ckck lkgsc us Lusg&Hkjk ,d vkns'k fn;k fd os viuh ikjokfjd ftEesnkfj;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk lkekftd ftEesnkfj;ksa dks Hkh le>sa vkSj 'kksf"kr vkSj ukjh lekt esa tkdj mUgsa mudh xqykeh vkSj vf/dkjksa ds çfr tkx#d djsa ftlls muesa xqykeh vkSj 'kks"k.k ds f[kykiQ varfoZjks/@varfoZæksg dk cht vadqfjr fd;k tk ldsA ckck lkgsc Hkyh&Hkk¡fr tkurs Fks fd dksbZ 'kksf"kr vdsys 'kks"kd oxZ dks pukSrh ugha ns ldrk gSA blhfy, mUgksua s lkspk Fkk fd tc 'kksf"krksa vkSj ukfj;ksa dk ,d fo'kky lewg vius mRihM+u ds fo#/ vkØksf"kr gksxk rks gh mlls vktkn gksus dh NViVkgV muesa ,d lkFk vkus dks etcwj dj nsxhA bl çdkj 'kks"k.k ds çfr vkosf"kr laxBu dks u dsoy vktknh feysxh cfYd 'kks"kd oxZ dks viuh lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj lkaLÑfrd O;oLFkk esa vkewypwy ifjorZu ds fy, ckè; gksuk iM+sxk] D;ksafd la[;k cy ds vk/kj ij 'kks"kd 'kksf"krksa dk lkeuk djus esa dHkh liQy ugha gks ik,xkA bl çdkj ckck lkgsc us Hkxoku cq¼ ls çsfjr gksdj bl rhu lw=kksa dk lw=kikr fd;k& ¶EDUCATE¸%¶AGITATE¸%¶ORGANISE¸

rFkkdfFkr vEcsMdjokfn;ksa us bl lw=k dks fcuk lksps – le>s bl çdkj le>k&

D;ksafd ftu O;fÙkQ;ksa dks ckck lkgso us ;s nkf;Ro nsus ds fy, fons'k Hkstk ] mUgksaus gh ckck lkgsc us liuksa dks pdukpwj dj fn;k vkSj vius HkkSfrd lq[kksa dks ikdj vius ifjokj rd gh lhfer gks x,A os lHkh cM+s&cM+s ç'kklfud inksa ij cSBdj lkekftd nkf;Roksa ls foeq[k gks x,A blds pyrs ckck lkgsc dks dguk iM+k] ¸eq>s esjs i<+s&fy[ks lekt us gh /ks[kk fn;k gS¸A ftl çdkj lgh lw=k ds vk/kj ij gh xf.kr dk ç'u dks gy fd;k tk ldrk gS] mlh çdkj

HNXR YRUNM )NV Y(&NV0GM

¶f'kf{kr cuks!¸%¶laxfBr jgks¸%¶la?k"kZ djks¸A

bl çdkj lw=k ds Øe dks cny fn;k x;k vkSj mldks vius rjhds ls bldh O;k[;k dh xbZA vr% ckck lkgsc ds la?k"kks± dk ykHk lekt dks ugha fey ik;kA ,slk blfy, gqvk

ys[kd fd'kksjh yky ^fgrdkjh* lEidZ lw=k& 7250942069

bl lkekftd lw=k dks Bhd ls le>dj gh ge viuh leL;kvksa ls NqVdkjk ik ldrs gSa] u fd ckck lkgsc ds lw=k dks Bhd çdkj ls crkus okys dk gkFk esa dykok cka/dj fojks/ djdsA vr% egkiq#"kksa }kjk crk, x, jkLrs ls ykHkkafor gksus ds fy, vko';d gS fd muds lw=kksa] lksp vkSj la?k"kZ ds lanHkZ vkSj ifjis{; dks Hkyh&Hkk¡fr le>k tk] rHkh muds mís'; vkSj y{; dks çkIr fd;k tk ldrk gS vU;Fkk mudh lksp vkSj [kkst ik[kaM cudj jg tkrh gSA

Hkhek ckbZ ds tUes ekuo vorkj Fks vEcMsdj ;ks¼k egkjk"Vª ds tkfr ls egkj Fks vEcsMdj lUr dchjiUFk ds gh ifjokj Fks vEcsMdj vHkkoksa esa i<s+ f'k{kk ds gdnkj Fks vEcsMdj :fM+oknh Nqvk&Nwwr ds f'kdkj Fks vECksMdj lkekftd Js"B ØkfUr ds lq=k/kj Fks vEcsMdj fof'k"V ekuorkoknh iSjksdkj Fks vEcsMdj lerk ds leFkZd Js"B fopkj Fks vEcsMdj 'kks"k.k eqDr lekt ds d.kZ/kj Fks vEcsM+j Js"B ;qxiq:"k ihfM+r m¼kjd Fks vECksMdj bfrgkl iq:"k Hkkjr ds Ja`xkj Fks vECksMdj vFkZ'kkL=kh fof/osRrk lkfgR;dkj Fks vECksMdj 'kksf"krksa dh }s"kiw.kZ LfFkfr esa lq/kj Fks vECksMdj lekt lq/kjd] iz[kj i=kdkj Fks vECksMdj Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds f'kYidkj Fks vECksMdj leku oksV fnykus okys LraHkdkj Fks vECksMdj lEiw.kZ O;oLFkk ds Js"B tkudkj Fks vECksMdj o.kZoknh vkMEcjkas ds cfg"dkj Fks vECksMdj euqLe`fr ds Hkkjr esa vfXu laLdkj Fks vECksMdj o.kZoknh ik[k.Mkas ds gh izfrdkj Fks vECksMdj ckS¼ /eZ xzg.k dj /eZ izpkj Fks vECksMdj ckSf/lRo cusa /kfEed ys[kkdkj Fks vECksMdj vusd ckS¼ xzUFkkas ds jpukdkj Fks vECksMdj ckS¼ /Ee ds Kkrk cqf¼ esa vikj Fks vECksMdj cq¼ vkSj egkRek iQwys ds fopkj Fks vECksMdj fo'o fpard lkalkfjd izpkjd Fks vECksMdj ekuorkoknh lPps ijksidkj Fks vECksMdj oafprksa ds m¼kjd ekuokf/dkj Fks vECksMdj Hkkjr dh ihfM+r ukjh o vNwrkas¼kj Fks vECksMdj gj vuqHko ls Kku ds HkUMkj Fks vECksMdj lPps ns'k HkDr vkSj bZekunkj Fks vECksMdj lerk] eS=kh; o cU/qRo ds i{kdkj Fks vECksMdj cgqtu lekt lq/kj gsrq nenkj Fks vECksMdj vf/dkjkas dks oafprkas ds ennxkj Fks vECksMdj loksZÙke ØkfUrdkjh gksf'k;kj Fks vECksM+dj fgrdkjh thou i;ZUr f'k"Vkpkj Fks vECksMdj

^f'k{kk ,d nqèkkjh ryokj gS] tks O;fDr pfj=kghu ,oa ekuork jfgr gS] og f'kf{kr gksrs gq, Hkh ,d i'kq ds leku gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG cgqtu LokfHkeku la?k (iath-) ds rRoko/ku esa fopkjxks"Bh lEiUu

^cgqtu lekt dh fn'kk vkSj n'kk* ubZ fnYyh (;equkfogkj)A okelsiQ] oh,lih ds laLFkkid rFkk nfyr egkiq:"kksa tSls egkRek T;ksfrok iqQys] N=kifr lkgwth egkjkt rFkk ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj ds liuksa dks lkdkj djus esa viuk loZLo thou U;kSNkoj dj nsus okys ekU;oj dk'khjke th ds 80 osa tUe fnol ds miy{k esa cgqtu LokfHkeku la?k (iath-)] ;equk fogkj] fnYyh }kjk ^^cgqtu lekt dh fn'kk vkSj n'kk** fo"k; ij ;equk fogkj esa fn- 30-03-2014 dks ,d fopkj xks"Bh dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA xks"Bh esa lHkh {ks=kksa esa dke djus okys cqfŸthfo;ksa tSls MkDVj] bUthfu;j] vkfdZVSdj] izksiQslj] ,MoksdsV] oSKkfud] lekt lsoh rFkk i=kdkjksa us Hkkx fy;kA fopkj xks"Bh dh vè;{krk la?k ds vè;{k Jh izdk'k pUn us dhA xks"Bh esa eq[; vfrfFk lqizhe dksVZ esa ofj"B vf/oDrk Mk- ds- ,lpkSgku Fks rFkk tyxkWo (egkjk"B) ls vk;s ^^egkuk;d dk'khjke Ldwy vkiQ fFkafdax** tyxk¥o ds laLFkkid Jh ih- vkj- vEcsMdj fof'k"V vfrfFk FksA xks"Bh esa lHkh cqfŸthfo;ksa us** cgqtu lekt dh fn'kk vkSj n'kk** ij vius&vius ewY;oku fopkj rFkk lq>ko O;Dr fd;sA xks"Bh ds izkjEHk eas oh,l-,l- ds egklfpo Jh lh- ih- flag us nfyrksa ds egkiq:"kksa dk tc rc vieku] nfyrksa ij gksus okys vR;kpkj rFkk buds izfr ljdkjksa dh mnklhurk ds ensn~ utj rFkk bu leL;kvksa ij dke djus ds fy, oh- ,l- ,l- dh LFkkiuk rFkk blds è;s; ,oa mís';ksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh nhA è;s; ,oa mís'; vUr esa fn;s x;s gSA Jh ds- lh- ihiy us tkfr ls tkfr tksM+ksa lc ds fy, leku f'k{kk] pqukoksa esa mEehn okjksa ij [kpkZ ljdkj dkjk ogu djus rFkk dk'khjke th dk izeq[k ukjk ^^ftruh ftldh tula[;k mruh mldh Hkkxhnkjh** ij tksj fn;kA Jh oh- Mh- jkts us lHkh nfyr lkekftd laxBuksa dks ,d leUo; ds lkFk dke djus ij tksj fn;kA Jh

Hkkuqizrki flag us bafxr fd;k fd vkt rd Hkh mPp U;k;ikfydk] mPp U;k;ky; rFkk mPpre U;k;ky; esa nfyr U;k;k/h'kksa dk izfrfoèo u ds cjkcj gSA izks- lkxj us ns'k esa fons'kh fo'o fo|ky;ksa dh LFkkiuk dk fojks/ fd;k rFkk tula[;k ds vuqikr esa lHkh oxksÂą dks vkj{k.k ij cy fn;kA izks0 'k=kqĂ&#x17E;u dqekj us Mk- vEcsMdj ds n'kZu dh ppkZ vius&vius ifjokjksa esa djus rFkk nfyrksa esa c<+ jgs vlUrks"k rFkk mis{kk ds pyrs lHkh lkekftd laxBuksa dks ,d lkFk ykus ij oy fn;kA Jh tloUr flag cs/M+d us vkxkg fd;k fd vf/drj nfyr laxBuksa }kjk tehuh Lrj ij dk;Z djus dh vis{kk lSÂźkfUrd dk;Z dh vf/drk gSA Jh flÂźkFkZ xkSre us LokFkhZ rFkk volj oknh usrkvksa us jkefoykl ikloku] Jh jkenkl mBkoys] Jh mfnrjkt (jkejkt) rFkk Jh jkeĂ&#x2018;iky ;kno }kjk nfyrksa dh xqejkg djus rFkk pqukoksa esa budh oksVksa dk lkSnk djus ds fo"k; esa lko/ ku jgus ds fy, oy fn;kA Jh ih- vkjvEcsMdj us egku lezkV v'kksd dh O;kid Lrj ij t;Urh eukus] mudh] lcdks lekt f'k{kk] lerk] LorU=krk] oU/qrk dY;k.kdkjh uhfr;ksa rFkk 'kklu iz.kkyh dks] Bhd ls le>us rFkk mUgsa vey eas ykus ,oa muds }kjk egk=kksa f'kykys[kksa ds vè;;u rFkk mu ij 'kks/ djus ij cy fn;kA Jh ulheqn~nhu us vkxkg fd;k fd gedks xqejkg ugha gksuk pkfg, rFkk dk'khjke th ds fe'ku dks è;ku

esa j[krs gq,s gj gkyr esa ch,lih rFkk cgu dq- ek;korh dk leFkZu djuk pkfg,A eq[; vfrfFk Jh pkSgku us nfyr oxksÂą ds odhyksa rFkk vU; {ks=k ds yksxksa dks esgur o leiZ.k Hkkouk ls viuh ;ksX;rk rFkk n{krk c<+kus ij tksj fn;kA la?k ds vè;{k Jh izdk'k pUn us Hkh viuh ;ksX;rk rFkk n{krk o<+kus vius LokfHkeku rFkk vf/dkjksa ds izfr lpsr jgus] dk;Z'khy jgus rFkk nykyksa o lkSnkxjksa ls lko/ku jgus ij cy fn;kA lHkh yksxksa dk vkokĂ&#x17E;u fd;k fd ge lc feydj nfyrksa ds fy, dke djsaA xks"Bh esa lHkh cqfÂźuhfr;ksa }kjk O;Dr fopkjksa rFkk lq>koksa ds vk/kj ij ;g fu"d"kZ lkeus vk;k fd leku eqĂ­ksa ij lHkh nfyr laxBuksa dks leUo; ds lkFk dke djUr pkfg,A vkj{k.k ds ohj esa lo.kksÂą dh nqHkkZouk rFkk bls ykxw djus esa ljdkjksa dh mnklhurk dk ,dek=k bykt ^^ftldh ftruh tula[;k mruh mldh Hkkxhnkjh** dh eqfge dk tksjnkj rjhds ls mBk;k tk;sA ns'k esa Hkz"Vkpkj dk ,d eq[; dkj.k** pqukoksa esa mEehnokjksa }kjk [kpkZ fd;k tkus okyk dkyk/u ^^dk ,dek=k funku gS] ;g [kpZ ljdkj dks mBkuk pkfg,A bl ij dke fd;s tk;s rFkk ljdkj ls bldh ekÂĄx dh tk;sA var esa la?k ds egklfpo us fopkj xks"Bh esa Hkkx ysus okys O;fDr;ksa rFkk oDrkvksa }kjk viuk cgqewY; le; nsus] ewY;oku fopkj rFkk lq>ko nsus ds fy, lHkh dk /U;okn fd;kA

^misf{kr oxZ dh fo"kerkvksa dks vfr'kh?kz feVk nsuk pkfg, vU;Fkk ;s ihfM+r yksx bl yksdra=k ds eafnj dks rckg dj nsaxs*


FJTWX/RNI+NHNXOD"N MIW

MIWX 61( LDWKGCUGNN=\OK #@HTXNIRJNM@IQ<\K  RU=HNXGNN=\FK @RN=HNXGN(L\V'O@OK &\NG@HTXNIRJNM@IQ<\K  lkfFk;ks] Hkkjr o"kZ esa 'kwĂŚ tkfr;ksa vuqlwfpr@vuqlwfpr tutkfr] nfyr rFkk vU; fiNM+s oxksZ ij czkÂşe.koknh rFkk fgUnwoknh 'kfDr;ksa }kjk dayfdr tkrh;rk ds vk/kj ij gtkjksa o"kksZ ls vekuoh; vR;kpkj fd;s tkrs jgsA vusd "kM+;U=kksa rFkk lqfu;ksftr mik;ksa }kjk mudh mUufr ds lkjs ekxZ vo:)dj fn;sA bu Hkksys&Hkksys o bl ns'k ds ewy fuokfl;ksa dks tcjnLrh l'kDr gfFk;kj] f'k{kk rFkk iBu@ikBu ls oafpr dj gtkjksa o"kksZ ds fy, i'kqvksa ls Hkh cnrj thou ;kiu ds fy, foo'k dj fn;kA Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds fuekZrk ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us bu djksMksa vlgk; yksxksa ds nq[kksa ds fuokj.k dk chM+k mBk;kA mUgksaus Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa lHkh ds fy, lekurk] LorU=krk o ca/qkrk dk ekSfyd vf/kdkj fn;kA fdUrq [ksn dk fo"k; gS fd vktknh ds 66 o"kksZ ckn Hkh lo.kZ tkfr;ksa ds yksx vuqlwfpr@tutkfr;ksa rFkk fiNM+s oxZ ds yksxksa dks lekurk dk vf/dkj o lEeku nsus ds fy, rS;kj ugha gSA vc Hkh tkfrxr nqHkkZouk ls bu oxksZ ds yksxksa ds lkFk Hksn Hkko rFkk vR;kpkj dh vusdksa ?kVuk,ÂĄ gksrh jgrh gaSA ;g Li"V gS fd nfyr oxZ vius vf/kdkjksa rFkk lEeku dh j{kk ds fy, ns'k@izns'kksa dh ljdkjksa ;k lo.kksZa ds Bsdsnkjksa ij u gh fo'okl vkSj u gh Hkjkslk dj ldrs gSaA ,slh vk'kadk MkW- vEcsMdj us cgqr igys gh dh Fkh rFkk lko/kku fd;k Fkk fd oafpr oxksZ dks vius vf/kdkj o lEeku izkIr djus ds fy, la?k"kZ djuk gksxk rFkk Lo;a jkLrs cukus iMsx+ saA ckck lkgsc us thou i;ZUr vFkd iz;klksa ls gesa leqfpr vf/kdkj fnyk;s rFkk mUufr ds lHkh xq: ea=k fn;sA fdUrq ge yksx viuh vdeZ.;rk] ,'kksvkjke] LokFkZ rFkk usrkfxjh dh yM+kbZ ds pDdj esa vius lHkh vf/kdkjksa dks izkIr djus esa foiQy jgs gSA czkgE.kokn gekjh iw[kZrk ij fVdk gqvk gS u fd mudh cqf)eĂ&#x2122;kk ijA bldk eryc ;g ugha gS fd lkjs czkgE.k cqjs gS cfYd czkgE.koknh O;oLFkk okys yksx bl ns'k ds fy, [krjk gSA gekjh viuh dfe;ksa ds pyrs czkEg.koknh 'kfDr;kÂĄ vusd iziapks rFkk izkbZosVhdj.k }kjk gekjs vf/kdkjksa ij dqBkjk?kkr djus esa lQy gks jgh gSaA lcls [krjukd diViw.kZ iwuk iSDV ds nq"ifj.kke Lo:i nfyr usr`Ro l'kDr gksus ds ctk; bu lkeUroknh 'kfDr;ksa dk fiNyXxw curk tk jgk gSA vkt nfyr] vYila[;d rFkk fiNMs oxZ ds usrkx.k lekt dh lkSnkxjh djds viuh LokFkZ iwfrZ djus esa yxs gSaA usrkvksa }kjk vius lekt dk fd;k x;k lkSnk ;g iznf'kZr djrk gS fd nfyr lekt dk dksbZ LokfHkeku ugha gSA bl izdkj ds LokFkhZ rFkk lkekftd xn~nkjksa ds laxBuksa ls lko/kku gksdj budks mtkxj djuk la?k dh izkFkfedrk gSA vkt nfyr lekt dh nqjxfr ds ftEesnkj lekt ds ,sls laxBu vkSj LokFkhZ usrk gS tks lekt dh 'kfDr dk nq:i;ksx djds nfyr fojks/kh 'kfDr;ksa dks etcwr dj jgs gaS] ,sls nykyksa ls lko/kku jgus dh vko';drk gSA vkt ns'k esa dkykcktkjh] Hkz"Vkpkj] eagxkbZ] O;fHkpkj] vuSfrdrk] ywV[klksV rFkk csjkstxkjh dk lkezkT; gSA vU/kk/kqU/k csrd q s izkbZoVhdj.k ds dkj.k Hkz"Vkpkj us laxfBr :i ys fy;k gS] deZpkfj;ksa o turk dk ?kksj 'kks"k.k gks jgk gSA bl laxfBr Hkz"Vkpkj dks lc rjQ ls c<+kok fey jgk gS vkSj ljdkjksa us blds vkxs ?kqVus Vsd fn;s gSaA csjkstxkjh ds dkj.k ywVekjh o vijk/k c<+ jgs gaSA Hkz"Vkpkj rFkk csjkstxkjh dh ekj lcls vf/kd nfyr o xjhc oxksZ ij iM+ jgh gSA

la?k dk ekuuk gS fd bl {ks=k esa dke djus okyh vusdksa lkekftd laLFkkvksa dks vius&vius laxBu dh igpku cjdjkj j[krs gq, Hkh leku eqn~nksa tSls nfyrksa ds vf/kdkjksa] LokfHkeku o lEeku dh j{kk rFkk mu ij gksus okys vR;kpkjksa ds fo:) ,dtqV gksdj vkokt mBk;sa o ckck lkgsc ds fe'ku o liuksa dks lkdkj djus esa viuk&viuk ;ksxnku djsaA og fnu nwj ugha tc ckck lkgsc] egkRek T;ksfrck iQqys rFkk ekU;oj dkÂĄ'khjke th dk fe'ku iwjk gksxk rFkk nfyr oxZ ds yksx ns'k dh eq[; /kkjk esa lEefyr gks tk,saxsA bu lc ckrksa dk laKku ysdj nfyr lekt ds LokfHkeku rFkk mudks vius vf/kdkjksa ds izfr lpsr djus dh vko';drk dks è;ku esa j[krs gq,] dqN lkfFk;ksa }kjk cgqtu LokfHkeku la?k dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ gS ftldk fnYyh ljdkj esa iathdj.k gks pqdk gSA la?k dh lHkh yksxksa ls vihy gS fd vf/kd ls vf/kd la[;k esa bl laxBu ds lnL; cus ftlls fd ;g laxBu vkfFkZd :i ls l'kDr gks lds] izHkkoh :i ls dk;Z'khy gks rFkk vius è;s; o mĂ­s'; dh iwfrZ ds fy, etcwrh ls dke djsaA la?k ds è;s; rFkk mĂ­s';ksa dk laf{kIr fooj.k fuEufyf[kr gS%& 1- nfyr o 'kksf"kr oxksZ ij gksus okys vR;kpkjksa dh fuxjkuh djukA bu oxksZ esa muds vf/kdkjksa] LokfHkeku] jktuhfrd o vfFkZd l'kfDrdj.k rFkk Hkkjr ds lafo/kku ds laj{k.k ds fy, psruk izksUur djukA 2- nfyr o 'kksf"krksa ds usrkvksa rFkk iwT; egkiq:"kksa dh izfrekvksa dks rksM+us ;k viekfur djus ds fo:) vkanksyu o /kjuk@twywl dk vk;kstu djukA 3- ljdkjksa o lkekftd lewgksa }kjk nfyr o 'kksf"kr fojks/h dk;Z] vU;k; rFkk fu.kZ;ksa ds fo:) cS| vkanksyu djukA yUnu esa lu~ 1932 esa gqbZ xksy est lHkk ds ifj.kkeLo:i bl ns'k ds vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa@tutkfr;ksa ds fy, lkEiznkf;d iÂĄpkV ds iquthZou rFkk ckck lkgsc Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj o eksgunkl dje pUn xka/h ds chp gq;s iwuk iSDV ds [k.kMu ds fy, Hkh iz;Ru djukA 4- nfyr o 'kksf"kr oxksZ ds lkekftd o vkfFkZd l'kfDrdj.k ds fy, ifj;kstukvksa o izdk'ku vkfn Kkuo/Zd dk;ZĂ&#x2DC;eksa dh ftEesnkjh ysukA 5- nfyr o 'kksf"kr oxksZ ds lkekftd vU;k; ds f'kdkj yksxksa dks dkuwuh yM+kbZ lfgr lHkh izdkj dh lgk;rk miyC/k djkukA 6- bu oxksZ ds lkekftd psruk rFkk l'kfDrdj.k ds fy, iksLVj o lkfgR; vkfn dk izdk'ku o forj.k djukA 7- nfyr 'kksf"kr oxksa ds fgr esa jk"VÂŞh;@varjk"VÂŞh; Lrj ij lEesyu rFkk lsfeukjksa dk vk;kstu djukA 8- la?k ds y{; o mn~n's ;ksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, ekU; 'krksZ ij lHkh izdkj ds nku] vuqnku o HksaV Lohdkj djukA 9- la?k ds uke esa Hkwfe o Hkou dk vf/xzg.k djuk rFkk mu ij fuekZ.k dk;Z djukA 10- leku è;s; rFkk mn~ns'; okys vU; lkekftd laxBuksa ls lg;ksx djukA 11- ,sls vU; dk;Z o fof/;kÂĄ djuk tks la?k ds fdlh Hkh è;s; o mn~ns'; dh izkfIr ds fy, vko';d ;k c<+kok nsus okys gks ldrs gSaA

Q []V9V/9 EDI0X@ +NNMUM5X@ FNVINO5R@ LMHLZ7 FNFN ONJVF 0N:+NKHMNR Y(FV0GM GK  RKD WDUK GV YROM LM O+NK QV NRNIONVD GNV JNIQ=G NT+NGNHXND$ ^tUe ds }kjk u dksbZ vkneh czkĂŁ.k gksrk gS] vkSj tUe ds }kjk dksbZ vkneh 'kwĂŚ ;k vNwr gksrk gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

MkW- Hkhejko ds fo"k; esa fdlus D;k dgk O mu izfrosnuksa ls tks xkstest lHkk esa vkids dk;Z ds lEcUèk eas eq> rd igq¡ps gSa eSa tkurk gw¡ fd vki ¼MkW- vEcsMdj½ lksus ds leku ns'kHkDr gSA egkRek xk¡èkh O chlcha lnh dk lcls c<+k peRdkj ckck lkgc vEcsMdj us dj fn[kk;k muds ,d b'kkjs ij yk[kksa yksxksa us viuk èkeZ cny fn;kA HknUr vkuUn dkS'kY;k;u O blesa dksbZ lUnsg ugha fd Hkkjr esa lkr lkS o"kks± ds ckn ckS) lekt dh bl Bksl izfr"Bk esa lcls cM+k gkFk ckck lkgc MkWvEcsMdj dk gSA egkif.Mr jkgqy lkaLÑrka;u O Hkhejko vEcsMdj fgUnh fo|kfFkZ;ksa eSa gh ugha] cfYd vejhdu fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa Hkh Js"B gSaA izks- lsfyXeu O MkW- vEcsMdj fgUnw lekt ds nekukRed dk;Z ds fo#) fd;s x;s fonzksg ds izrhd FksA og fu%lUnsg egku~ fo}ku rFkk vè;;u'khy FksA lafoèkku fuekZ.k ds lEcUèk esa vkSj fgUnw dkuwu esa lqèkkj djus ds iz;kstu ls mUgksaus tks egku d"V mBk;k mlds fy, mUgsa lnk ;kn fd;k tkrk jgsxkA ia- tokgjyky usg: O thou esa tgk¡ Hkh vU;k; vkSj vR;kpkj ns[kk Hkhe us viuh xnk mBkbZ vL;i`';rk tykvks] tkfr&Hksn tykvks] euqLe`fr tykvks ,slk dgus okyk og iq#"k Hkkjrh; lafoèkku dk f'kYidkj cuk mudks geus lrk;k] ljdkj us lrk;k ,sls le; esa og dgk¡ tk;s vkf[kj og cq) dh 'kj.k esa x;sa vkSj cq) us mUgsa ges'kk ds fy, vkJ; fn;kA vkpk;Z v=k O og ¼MkW- vEcsMdj½ gekjs lafoèkku ds fuekZrk FksA fofHkUu {ks=kksa esa mudh tulsok;sa fo'ks"kr;k nfyrksa ds mRFkku gsrq dHkh&Hkh HkqykbZ ugha tk ldrhA MkW- jktsUnz izlkn O muds Hkk"k.kksa ij mudh fo}rk] cgqKrk vkSj vè;;u'khyrk dh Nki gqvk djrh FkhA gekjs lafoèkku ds ,d egku fuekZrk ds :i esa og lnk Lej.k fd;s tk;saxsA Ñ".kewfrZ jko O MkW- vEcsMdj us Hkkjr dh lekt O;oLFkk esa QSyh gqbZ fo'ks"krkvksa ds fo#) fonzksg fd;kA og xjhch vkSj lkekftd vU;k;ksa ds fo#)] [kM+s gksus okys egku~ O;fDr FksA og mPp dksfV ds fo|kFkhZ] ys[kd vkSj leFkZ oDrk FksA Jherh js.kq pØorhZZ

O MkW- vEcsMdj f'k{kd] vFkZ'kkL=kh] etnwj usrk o jktuSfrd usrk ds :i esa egku dk;Z djus ds vykok mUgksaus nf{k.k Hkkjr esa ubZ tkxzfr iSnk dj nhA v'kksd esgrk O MkW- vEcsMdj esa cgqeq[kh izfrHkk FkhA og vnE; ;ks)k Fks vkSj mudh vnE; Hkkoukvksa esa mUgsa futh vko';drkvksa ij fot; ikus esa lgk;rk dhA blesa lUnsg ugha fd Hkkjrh; bfrgkl esa MkWvEcsMdj dk uke nh?kZdky rd vafdr jgsxkA ÝsUd ,UFkuh O gfjtuksa dks lekt dh ekStwnk fLFkfr esa igq¡pkus dk lkjk Js; MkW- vEcsMdj dks gh gSA MkW- vEcsMdj dh vkRek dks rHkh 'kkfUr feysxh tc Hkkjr esa vLi`';rk dk lewyksUewyu gks tk;sxkA dtjksydj O MkW- vEcsMdj Hkkjr ds egku~ xkSjo'kkyh] mPp ;ksX; vkSj fof'k"V lsok Hkko okys iq#"k ;ksX; fofèk osÙkkvksa esa izeq[k fofèk Kkrkvksa esa ,d vkSj nfyr rFkk fiNM+ksa ds m)kjd FksA lkbZVs'ku mlekfu;k fo'ofo|ky; O mUgksaus ¼MkW- vEcsMdj½ lcls egRoiw.kZ dk;Z fgUnw lekt ds lqèkkj dk fd;kA oh-th- ns'kik.Ms O MkW- vEcsMdj us cgqr NksVs ls 'kq:vkr dh vkSj nfyr oxZ ds usrk cus og 'kfDr'kkyh oDrk FksA vuUr 'k;ue vkxzaxj viaxj O egkjk"Vªh;u MkW- vEcsMdj dks vU; Hkkjrh;ksa ds eqdkcys 10 xquk T;knk I;kj djrs FksA gekjs {ks=k dh nfyr turk esa MkWvEcsMdj us vkRe&lEeku dh Hkkouk HkjhA ch-,u- xkfMfxy O MkW- vEcsMdj lPps ns'k HkDr Fks vkSj yksdrkfU=kd iz.kkyh ls ubZ lkekftd&O;oLFkk LFkkfir djuk pkgrs FksA loZiYyh jkèkkÑ".ku O bZ'oj dks dksfV èkU;ckn gS fd geus vR;Ur mi;qDr izoh.k MkW- vEcsMdj dks pquk ftUgksaus gekjk lafoèkku le; ds vUnj bruk vPNk cuk;k fd fo'o esa bldh rqyuk ugha gSA MkW- jktsUnz izlkn O Hkkjr esa orZeku bfrgkl esa ckck lkgc MkW- vEcsMdj dks nfyrksa ds egku~ eqfDrnkrk ds :i esa ;kn fd;k tk;sxkA Kkuh tSyflag O blls iwoZ fo'o ds fdlh èkkfeZd bfrgkl esa ,d gh le; esa brus O;fDr;ksa us èkeZ ifjorZu dj u;s èkeZ esa vkLFkk O;Dr dh gks] dHkh ugha gqvk] tks MkDVj ¼vEcsMdj½ us fd;kA th-ih- ekyky 'ksdj ¼Jhyadk½

^vkneh ds fy, ekufld nq[k ds leku dksbZ d"V ugha] cq¼ èkEe dh f'k{kk gh bldk bykt gS*


O fo}Rtu f'k{kkFkhZ vusd gSa ij fo}ku vkSj vkn'kZ f'k{kd vkEcsMdj tSls cgq; de gSaA vkycVZ vkbZLVªhu O MkW- vEcsMdj Hkkjr ds orZeku dkuwu osÙkk Fks ftUgksaus gekjs lafoèkku dks Lohdkj djus esa lgk;rk dhA bafnjk xkaèkh O MkW- vEcsMdj Hkkjr ds eq'kksfyuh gaSA eq'kksfyuh vkSj vEcsMdj Øe'k% bVyh vkSj Hkkjr ds f'kYih vkSj HkkX; foèkkrk gSA ljkstuh ukbMq O MkW- vEcsMdj Hkkjr ds vfxze ukxfjdksa esa ,d egku~ lekt lqèkkjd vkSj ekuokfèkdkjksa ds ,d lkglh leFkZd FksA lkbZVs'ku dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; O MkW- vEcsMdj us Hkkjr ds yksxksa dh vk¡[ksa [kksy nh vkSj mUgsa mRihM+u rFkk vU;k; ls voxr djk;k tks 'kfn;ksa ls fjokt cu pqdk Fkk ftlus Hkkjrh; lekt dh foHkDr ,oa fonh.kZ dj j[kk FkkA MkW- 'kadj n;ky 'kek O ckck lkgc dk lEeku djds ge ,d cgql[a ;d lekt ds lkFk ,d gq, gSA oh-ih-flag O MkW- vEcsMdj dqN la?k ds oxZ foghu fl)kUr dks xzg.k djus okys Fks vkSj lkekftd foHkktu dk fojksèk mudk eq[; vkn'kZ FkkA ckck lkgc }kjk dkBek.Mw esa fn;k x;k cq) vkSj dkyZekDlZ fo"k; ij vius esa ,d izdkj dk fof'k"V Hkk"k.k Fkk blls ;g izrhr gksrk gS fd ckck lkgc fdl izdkj 'kkfUr iw.kZ rjhds ls vkUrfjd ØkfUr dh vksj dk;Z djrs FksA vkj-csdV jeu O ckck lkgc tSlk fo|kFkhZ] ØkfUrdkjh vkSj jktuhfrK ,d gh O;fDr esa lekfgr gks] nqyZHk O;fDrRo FkkA ,u-th- jaxk O MkW- vEcsMdj fo'o esa vdsys gh ,d ,sls usrk Fks ftUgksaus fo|k txr esa loksZPp fMxzh izkIr dh FkhA èkut;ehj O ckck lkgc us gesa nks jkLrs fn,] èkeZ ifjorZu vkSj vkj{k.k nksuksa dks Hkkjrh; lafoèkku esa ekU;rk feyh gSA nksuksa gh lkekftd ifjorZu ds fy, egku~ 'kfDr'kkyh fof'k"V vfHkdrkZ izekf.kr gks pqds gSa blhfy, ckck lkgc leLr Hkkjr esa cgqla[;dksa ds elhgk ds :i esa ekU; gks pqds gSaA ge ,d dne vkxs tkdj dguk pkgrs gSa fd 21 oha lnh vEcsMdj ;qx] dgyk;sxkA oh-Vh- jkt'kadj Oos izHkko'kkyh gS os lalkj ds dkuwuksa vkSj lafo/kku ds fo"k; esa gj ckr tkurs gSaA bUgksaus lsgr ds [kjkc gksus ds dkj.k 'kq: ls gh cgqr ifjJe fd;k gSA bl vFkd esgur ds ifj.kke Lo:i gh ;g mYys[kuh lafo/ku jpk tk ldrk gSA &rktk ey gqlSu ¼lkaln½

OeSa fo'ks"kr;k MkW- vEcsMdj dh izl'a kk djuk pkgrk gwA¡ ge ml cM+s dke vkSj xEHkhj ,dkxzrk dk vuqeku ugha yxk ldrs tks lafo/kku ds fuekZ.k tSls nLrkost ds fy, njdkj dhA &QzSd ,UFkksuh ¼lkaln½ OMkW- vEcsMdj egku lekt lq/kkjd gSAa mUgksua s ns'k dh dbZ izdkj ls lsok dh gSA mu dk Hkkjr dh D;k lalkj Hkj esa vej jgsxkA &iafMr y{eh dkUr eS=ks; ¼lkaln½ OeSa MkW- vEcsMdj dks eqokjdokn nsrk gw¡ fd mUgksaus Hkkjr ds fy, ,slk lafo/kku cuk;k gS] ftl ij lkjk jk"Vª xkSjo djrk gSaA &lBs xksfoUn nkl ¼lkaln½ Ockck lkgsc dk uke vkus okys bfrgkl ds iUuksa esa lnk gh gjk Hkjk jgsxkA & dkath lS;n djeqíhu (lkaln) O MkW- vEcsMdj dk egku O;fDrRo] fon`rk] uezrk rFkk cgqtuksa dks laxfBr djds mudk usrR` o djuk] ;s lnxq.k gS] tks crkrs gS fd MkW- vEcsMdj ns'k dh vuqie foHkqfr gh ugha vfirq iwath Hkh gSA --- MkW- vEcsMdj ,d ØkfUr dkjh iq:"k gS ftudk dke vkSj uke ns'k ds fy, ,d ojnku gSA &ohj lkojdj Ovki yksx 'kk;n tkurs gS mu lkr lnL; esa ls ftUgsa vius ukekafdr fd;k ,d us R;kx i=k nss fn;k rFkk mudh LFkku iwfrZ ugha dh xbZ ,d nsgkUr gks x;k ------ vUrr% ;g gqvk fd fo/kku fuekZ.k dk lkjk cks> MkW- vEcsMdj ds da/ks ij iM+kA bl esa eq>s rks dksbZ lUnsg ugh fd ftl lqO;oLFkk ls egku dk;Z fljs p<+k;k] mudk ÑrK gksuk pkfg,A &Vh-Vh- Ñ".k epkjh ¼lafo/ku lHkk 5&11&1949½ OMkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj lafo/kku ds eq[; f'kYidkj gSA &iafMr usg: ¼iz/kku eU=kh½ OMkW- vEcsMdj dks lafo/kku dh elfonk desVh dk vè;{k pquus ls cf<+;k iQSlyk rks gks gh ugh ldrk FkkA &ljnkj iVsy ¼dkaxszlh&MkW- vEcsMdj fojks/h½ OeSa elkSnk desVh ds vè;{k MkW- vEcsMdj ds izfr ÑrKrk izdV djrh gw¡] ftUgksaus gekjh ih<+h dks lafo/kku fn;k gSA &Jherh js.kqdk js ¼lkaln½ Olafo/kku cukus ds dk;Z ds dkj.k MkW- vEcsMdj lalkj esa lnk gh vej jgsaxsA &ds- Vh- 'kg ¼lkaln½ OMkW- vEcsMdj fu%lansg Hkwjh&Hkwjh iz'kalk ,oa vknj ds ik=k gSA eSa fu'p; ds lkFk vkidks ;g crkuk pkgrk gwa fd MkW- ch-vkjvEcsMdj us vusd dfBukb;ksa esa ls Hkh ekxZ fudkydj lafo/kku fuekZ.k dk;Z iwjk fd;k] ftlds fy, ge muds ges'kk&ges'kk _.kh jgsxa As * &Vh-Vh- d`".kkekpkjh ¼lafo/ku lHkk lnL;½

^esjs èkEe dks vkRek ijekRek ls dqN ysuk&nsuk ugha gS] bldk dsUæ fcUnq rks balku gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG

ckcklkgsc us dgk Fkk-------------

¶eSaus rqEgkjs fy, tks dqN Hkh fd;k gS] og csgn eqlhcrksa] vR;Ur nq[kksa ,oa csgn cs'kqekj fojksèk;ksa dk eqdkcyk djds fd;k gSA ;g dkjoka vkt ftl txg ij gS] ml txg ij eSa mls cM+h eqlhcrksa ds lkFk yk;k gwAa rqEgkjk drZO; gS fd ;g dkjoka lnk vkxs gh c<+rk jgs] cs'kd fdruh gh #dkoVsa D;ksa u vkosaA ;fn gs! esjs vuq;kf;;ksa bls vkxs ugha c<+k ldks rks bls ;gha NksM+ nsa ij fdlh Hkh gkyr esa bls ihNs u tkus nsaA¸ ¶eq>s i<+s&fy[ks yksxksa us èkks[kk fn;k gSA mEehn Fkh fd i<+ fy[kdj lekt dk dke djsaxs ijUrq xqykeksa dh ,d HkhM+ [kM+h gks xbZ gS tks viuk isV ikyus esa yxh gqbZ gSA eq>s bu i<+s fy[ks yksxksa ls cgqr fujk'kk gqbZ gSA¸ ¶26 tuojh 1950 dks ge ,d ijLij&fojksèk ds ;qx esa izos'k djus tk jgs gSaA jktuhfr esa gekjs ikl lekurk gksxh vkSj lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd thou esa vlekurkA jktuhfr esa ge ,d O;fDr] ,d oksV rFkk ,d ewY; ds fl¼kar dks viuk;asxs fdUrq vius lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd <kaps ds dkj.k] ge ,d O;fDr] ,d oksV] ,d ewY; ds fl¼kar dk [kaMu djrs jgsaxsA ;fn ge yEcs le; rd bldk [kaMu djrs jgsaxs rks ge ,slk dsoy vius jktuSfrd yksdra=k dks [krjs esa Mkydj gh dj ldrs gSaA gesa ;g fojksèkkHkkl ;Fkk'kh?kz [kRe djuk gksxk] vU;Fkk tks vlekurk ls ihf<+r gSa os jktuSfrd yksdra=k dks m[kkM+ iQsadsaxsA¸ ¶esjh vkidks lykg ds vafre 'kCn gSa] f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr gks] vkSj la?k"kZ djksA esjk lans'k la?k"kZ rFkk vkSj vfèkd la?k"kZ ,oa nq[k rFkk vfèkd R;kx djus dk gSA R;kx vkSj eqlhcrksa dh ijokg fd;s fcuk fujarj la?k"kZ iFk ij vxzlj jguk gh rqEgkjh eqfDr dk ekxZ gSA nhu vkSj ghu Hkkouk ls ekaxus dk izo`fRr dks R;kx dj] Nhuus dk iqjlRo iSnk djksA D;ksafd vfèkdkj ;kpuk ls ugha] Nhuus ls feyrs gSaA ftl fnu ;g ohj Hkko rqEgkjs vanj iSnk gks tk;sxkA rqEgkjs vfèkdkj rqEgkjs ikl gksaxsA HksM+ cdfj;ksa dh rjg er fefe;kvks] os rks cfy p<+krs ds fy, gksrh gSaA 'ksj cuks] mldh dHkh fdlh us cfy ugha p<+kbZA¸ ¶og ns'k tks nwljs ij jkt djrk gS] Bhd ughaA og ns'k tks oxZ] tkfr] èkeZ ;k Hkk"kk ds vkèkkj ij nwljs oxZ ij jkt djrk gS] og Hkh mfpr ugha gSA izR;sd O;fDr dks vius fodkl dh iw.kZ Lora=krk vkSj os lqfoèkk,a miyCèk gksuh pkfg,A izR;sd O;fDr dks leku volj gksus pkfg,A lHkh ds fodkl esa ns'k vkSj tkfr dk fodkl laHko gSA¸ ¶tks equ"; thou ds ;FkkFkZ mn~ns'; dks Hkwydj dke&Hkksxksa ds ihNs iM+ tkrk gS mldk thou csdkj gS¸

^eSa laLd`r i<+uk pkgrk Fkk] ijUrq vè;kid us eq>s vNwr gksus ds dkj.k i<+kus ls badkj dj fn;k*


¶eSa ,d cgknqj lSfud dk iq=k gwa] dk;j ugh gwa] esjk pkgs tks gks] eSa ekSr ds Hk; ls ;gka ls gV ugha ldrkA nwljksa dks [krjs esa Mkydj viuh tku cpkus okyk eSa ugha gwaA¸ ¶gekjk dksbZ v[kckj ugha gS] gekjs yksxksa ij vk;s fnu tks vR;kpkj gksrs gSa] mldh lwpuk v[kckjksa esa ugha NirhA ;gka rd gekjs lkekftd ,oa jktuSfrd iz'uksa ls lacafèkr fopkjksa dks tkucw>dj turk ds lkeus ugha vkus nsuk ,d lqfu;ksftr vkSj lqlaxfBr lkft'k dk urhtk gSA¸ ¶gesa vius lkekftd ,d vkfFkZd mn~n's ;ksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, laoSèkkfud rjhdksa dks gh viukuk pkfg,A bldk vFkZ gS fd gesa lfou; voKk] vlg;ksx rFkk lR;kxzg ds rjhdksa dks NksM+ nsuk pkfg,A ;s rjhds vjktdrk dh O;kdj.k ds flok; dqN ugha gS vkSj ge bUgsa ftruh tYnh R;kx nsa mruk gh vPNk gSA¸ ¶bl le;] Hkkjrh; jktuhfr] blesa vfèkdka'k fgUnw Hkkx vkè;kfRed gksus dh ctk;] lkekU;rk O;kikfjd gks xbZ gSA ;gka rd ;g Hkz"Vkpkj dh gh nwljh laKk gSA vusd laLd`r yksx bl ey dqMa ls lacèa k gksus ls drjkrs gSAa jktuhfr ,d ey O;oLFkk dh rjg vlguh; nqxZUèkiw.kZ rFkk gkfudkjd gks x;h gSA jktuhfrd cuuk xanh ukyh esa dke djus ds leku gSA¸ ¶cqf¼thoh oxZ gS tks nwjn'khZ gksrk gS] lykg ns ldrk gS vkSj usr`Ro iznku dj ldrk gSA fdlh Hkh ns'k dh vfèkdka'k turk fopkj 'khy ,oa fØ;k 'khy thou O;rhr ugha djrhA ,sls yksx izk;% cqf¼thoh oxZ vuqdj.k vkSj vuqxeu djrs gSaA ;g dgus esa dksbZ vfr';ksfDr ugha gksxh fd fdlh ns'k dk laiw.kZ Hkfo"; mlds cqf¼thoh oxZ ij fuHkZj gksrk gSA ;fn cqf¼thoh oxZ bZekunkj ;fn Lora=k ,oa fu"i{k gS rks ml ij ;g Hkjkslk fd;k tk ldrk gS fd ladV dh ?kM+h esa og igy djsxk vkSj mfpr usr`Ro iznku djsxkA¸ ¶os èkU; gSa tks ;g vuqHko djrs gSa fd ftu yksxksa esa gekjk tUe gqvk gS mudk m¼kj djuk gekjk drZO; gSA os èkU; gSa tks xqykeh dk [kkRek djus ds fy, viuk lc dqN U;kSNkoj djrs gSa vkSj èkU; gSa os] tks lq[k vkSj nq[k] eku vkSj vieku] d"V vkSj dfBukbZ;ksa] vkaèkh vkSj rwiQku & budh fcuk ijokg fd;s rc rd 'krd la?k"kZ djrs jgsaxs tc fd vNwrksa dks ekuo ds tUe fl¼ vfèkdkj iw.kZr;k izkIr u gks tk;saA¸ ¶vNwr lekt dh izxfr esa ck/d cuus okyk dksbZ Hkh O;fDr ;k laLFkk gks] og pkgs vNwr lekt dh gks ;k lo.kZ fgUnw lekt dh] mldk gesa fojks/ rFkk fu"ks/ djuk pkfg,A vc vius ikao ij [kM+k gksus dh dksf'k'k djuh pkfg,A¸ ¶vki vius cPps dks f'k{kk nhft, muesa egRokdka{kk mRiUu dhft,] muds efLr"d esa bl ckr dks cSBkb;s fd cM+s gksus ds fy, iSnk gq, gSaA muesa fufgr ghu Hkkouk dks nwj dhft,A vxj ,slk djsaxs rks vius fy, Hkh lEeku o xkSjo izkIr dj ldsaxsA¸

¶esjk iwjk thou vki yksxksa dks lefiZr gS vkSj mlds ,d&,d d.k ls vki iwjh rjg ifjfpr gSa&lp ;g gS fd eq>s lalkj esa ,slk dksbZ nwljk O;fDr utj ugha vkrk ftlus esjh rjg thou dh ,d&,d ijr lHkh ds fy, [kksy dj j[k nh gks vFkkZr esjk thou ,d [kqyh fdrkc gSA¸ ¶Lokra=;]lerk rFkk ca/rq k ds vk/kj ij vf/f"Br lkekftd thou gh yksdra=k dgykrk gSAHkkjr esa lerk dk iw.kZ vHkko gSAjktuhfr esa gesa lekurk feyh gS] ijUrq lkekftd rFkk vkfFkZd thou esa fo"kerk dk gh cksyckyk gSA gesa bl fo"kerk dks iQkSju u"V djuk pkfg,A¸ ¶;fn yksdekU; fryd vNwrksa esa iSnk gksrs] rks og ^LojkT; esjk tUe fl¼ vfèkdkj gS* ;g vkokt cqyUn u djrs] cfYd mudk loZizFke ukjk gksrk ^vNwriu dk [kkRek djuk esjk tUe fl¼ vfèkdkj gSA¸ ¶,d iztkrkaf=kd ljdkj ds fy, ,d iztkrkaf=kd lekt dk gksuk vko';d gSA iztkra=k ds vkSipkfjd <kaps dk dksbZ egRo ugha gSA ;fn lkekftd iztkra=k u gks rks lkekftd iztkra=k ds ctk; 'kklu dk <kapk vuqi;qZDr gksxkA jktuhfrK dHkh ;g ugha le> ik;s fd yksdra=k ,d 'kklu ,d 'kklu dk :i ugha cfYd ,d vfuok;Zr% ,d lekt dk Lo:i gksrk gSA & ,d ,slk lkekftd laxBu tks dBksj lkekftd caèkuksa ls eqDr gksA iztkra=k ds lkFk ,slh i`Fkdrk vkSj vuU;rk dk dksbZ esy ugha gS] ftlls fdlh fof'k"V vkSj fuEu oxksZa ds chp HksnHkko iSnk gksrk gksA¸ ¶esjs 'kksf"kr o xjhc HkkbZ;ksa! eSaus rqEgkjs fy, tks dqN fd;k gS og csgn eqlhcrksa]vR;Ur nq%[kksa vkSj cs'kqekj fojksf/;ksa dk eqdkcyk djds fd;k gSa ;g dkjoka vkt ftl txg ij gS] bl txg ij eSa bls cM+h eqlhcrksa ds lkFk yk;k gwa A rqEgkjk drZO; gS fd ;g dkjoka lnk vkxs c<+rk jgs] cs'kd fdruh gh jQdkoVsa D;ksa u vk;asA ;fn esjs vuq;k;h bls vkxs u c<k ldsa rks bls ;gha NksM+ nsa] ij fdlh gkykr esa ihNs u tkus nsa A vius yksxksa ls esjk ;gh lans'k gSa¸ ¶igyh yanu xksyest ifj"kn ckck lkgc us vxzstksa ds le{k ckck lkgc us dgk ¶Hkkjr esa fczfV'k 'kklu dks Ms<+ lkS lky chr pqds gSa]fiQj ge vNwrksa ds nq%[k nwj ugha dj lds¸ FkksMs le; i'pkr vkos'k iw.kZ vkokt esa dgk ¶lq/js gq, jk"Vª ds vf/iR; esa jgdj Hkh ;fn gesa nfyr&ihfM+r gh jguk gS]rks ,slh ljdkj gekjs fdl dke dh\¸ ¶;fn vki fgUnw iz.kkyh] fgUnw laLd`fr vkSj fgUnw lekt dh j{kk djuk pkgrs gSa rks mlesa tks [kjkfc;ka iSnk gks xbZ gSa muds lqèkkjus esa rfud Hkh fgpfdpkgV iSnk u djsaA ¶czkã.kokn vkSj iwathokn ;s nks etnwjksa ds nq'eu gSa] D;ksafd ;s nksuksa lerk]Lora=krk rFkk ca/qRo ds fojQ¼ gSa¸

^nq"V vkneh ds ihNs nq[k ijNkabZ ds leku lkFk jgrk gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG ¶os O;fDr izl'a kk ds ik=k gSa tks vusd fo"kerkvks]a uqdrkphfu;ksa ]viekuksa]rwIkQkuksa vkSj [krjksa ds ckctwn tc rd nklrk esa xzLr nfyr oxZ dks ekuoh; vf/dkj izkIr ughsa gks tkrs]viuk la?k"kZ]viuk la?k"kZ tkjh j[ksaxsA¸ ¶vNwr lekt dks ydok ekj x;k gS bls vius iSjks [kM+s gksus dh 'kfDr izkIr djuk pkfg,A og /j /jrh ls ghu gS mls viuh ;ksX;rk vkSj xq.k ds lgkjs gh mBus dh vk'kk djuk pkfg,A¸ ¶dkaxszl ds fojks/ ds ckotwn Hkh eSa bl lafo/ku lHkk esa pqudj vk;k gw¡A lafo/ku dks eSaus vius LokLF; dks u"V djds blfy, cuk;k gSfd vNwrksa vkSj fiNM+s oxZ dh dqN HkykbZ dj ldwaA dsoy izLrko ikl dj nsus ls djksM+ksa vNwrksa dh vkfFkZd] lkekftd vkSj jktuhfrd mUufr ugha gks ldrhA¸ ¶Hkkjr 'krkfCn;ksa ds ckn Lora=k gqvkA vc bl Lora=krk dks lqjf{kr j[kuk gekjk izFke drZO; gSA vius lekt esa fdlh izdkj dh iQwV iqUk% gels Lojkt Nhu ysxhA lfn;ksa dh nklrk ds ifj.kke Lo:i ge es a dq N lkekftd foÑfr;ka mQ¡ p &uhp dk Hksn]fo"kerk]fiNM+kiu]tkfrokn] vkfn HksnHkko fo|eku gSa ftlds mUewyu ds iz;kl djus pkfg,A ,slk u gksus ij gekjh gels vktknh fNuus dk [krjk gSA¸ ¶,d euq"; nwljs euq"; dks bruk vf/d ifrr le>s fd mldks fd mldks Nwus ls budkj djs] ,slh izFkk fgUnw /eZ vkSj fgUnw lekt ds flok dghsa vU;+=k Hkh feysxh D;k\lcesa bZ'oj ekuus okys vkSj vkpj.k ls euq"; dks i'kqrqY; ekuus okys yksx ik[k.Mh gSaA fgUnw /eZ esjh cqf¼ dks taprk ughsa] LokfHkekuh dks Hkkrk ughaA¸ ¶nqHkkZX; ls eSa fgUnw lekt esa vNwr iSnk gqvkA ;g esjs cl dh ckr ugha FkhA ijUrq fgUnw lekt esa cusa jgus ls bUdkj djuk esjs cl dh ckr gS vkSj eSa fuf'pr rkSj ij dgrk gwa fd eSa ejrs le; fgUnw ugha jgwaxkA ;fn lk{kkr bZ'oj Lo;a Hkh vkdj dgas fd fgUnw /eZ dks er NksM+ks] eSa mldh Hkh ugha lquwaxkA¸ ¶gekjh gkyr xqykeksa ls Hkh cnrj gSA xqykeksa ds ekfyd mudks Nwrs Fks] ijUrq gesa Nwuk iki le>k tkrk gSA Ms< lkS o"kZ ds fczfV'k jkT; esa gekjh gkyr ^tSls Fks* gh jgh gSA vkt vNwr Hkh jkT; ds LFkku ij turk dk jkT; pkgrs gSaA etnwj fdlkuksa dk 'kks"k.k djus okys iwathifr vkSj tehankj dh j{kd ljdkj ge ughsa pkgrsA og tekuk chr x;k] tc vki iQSlyk djrs Fks vkSj fgUnqLrku ekurk FkkA og tekuk vc dHkh ykSVsxk ughaA¸ ¶lkekftd izxfr jktuSfrd lRrk ij vk/kfjr gSA jktuSfrd lÙkk lkekftd izxfr dk }kj gSA ;fn nfyr viuh ikVhZ cuk ysa rks os jktuSfrd lÙkk dks izkIr dj ldrs gSaA¸ ¶vlyh bUdykc rc gksxk tc ;s xka/h] usg:]iVsYk]cksl s ]iar Hkafx;ksa ds eksgYys esa vlYkh Hkaxh jgsaxs vkSj ge Hkaxh buds eksgYys esa jgdj bu ij gqdew r djsxa As rc lPpk badykc ftUnk gksxk vkSj ^badykc ft+Unkckn*dk ukjk lkFkZd gksxkA vU;Fkk bUdykc fT+kUnkckn dk ukjk fujk <ksax gSA ¸

¶tc rd nfyr lekt vf'kf{kr jgsxk x<~<s esa fxjk jgsxk vkSj fgUnw O;oLFkk ls yxk jgsxkA T;ksa&T;ksa og f'kf{kr gksxk og fgUnw O;oLFkk ds dkuwuksa dks lgu ughsa djsxk vkSj fgUnw lekt ls nwj pyk tk;sxkA¸ ¶;fn ge vkfFkZd vkSj lkekftd lekurk ls vf/d fnuksa rd bUdkj djrs jgs rks yksdra=k [krjs esa iM+ tk;sxk tks yksx vlekurk ds d"V dks Hkksxasxs os gekjs yksdra=k dks pdukpwj dj nsxa As ¸ ¶26 tuojh (1950)dks ge vUrfoZjks/ksa dh ftUnxh 'kq: djus tk jgsa gSaA bl fnu ge jktuhfr esa leku gksaxsA jktuhfr esa ge ,d vkneh dk ,d oksV vkSj ,d vkneh ds ,d ewY; ds fl¼kUr ls bUdkj djrs gSaA¸ ¶;g ns'k 'kkldksa vkSj 'kkf"krksa esa c¡Vk gS blus 20»'kkld vkSj 80» 'kkflr gSA ;g lehdj.k rHkh cnysxk tc 'kkflr ,dtqV gksaxsaA ;g ckr 'kkf"krksa dh le> esa vkuh pkfg,A¸ ¶fgUnw /eZ ds dkj.k fdlh dk Hkh dY;k.k gksus okyk ugha gS] cg /eZ gh u"V Hkz"B gS*----^xjhcksa dks /eZ dh vko';drk gS]*----xjhc O;fDr thrk gS mEehn ij----thou dk ewy vk'kk gSA¸ ¶gekjs vNwr lekt ij tks vU;k; gks jgk gS vkSj vkxs Hkh tks gksxk mlls NqVdkjk ikus ds fy,] muds eqfDr ds fy, ] vNwrksa dss mRFkku ds fy,] mudss leL;kvksa dh ppkZ djus ds fy, v[kokjksa ls c<+dj vkSj dksbZ lk/u ugha¸ ^^vki yksxksa dks MkWDVj vkacsMdj ds :i esa eqfDrnkrk fey x;k gSA eq>s iw.kZ fo'okl gS fd og vki yksxksa dh fpjdky dh xqykeh dh tathjks dks rksM+ nxkA eq>s vkHkkl gks jgk gS fd MkW- vkacsMdj Hkkoh Hkkjr esa lw;Z cudj pedsxkA** ^^ns'k ds lHkh ukxfjdksa dks lEeku ,oa jk"Vªh;rk dh Hkkouk dh j{kk djuh pkfg,A ge lcls igys Hkkjrh; gS ml ds i'pkr fgUnw eqlyeku] flU/h] dUUkM+h vkfnA {ks=kh; izse] HkfDr vkSj xqVcktksa tSls ÑR;ksa ls gesa nwj jguk pkfg,A** ^^eq>s fo'okl gS fd ;fn ge ,sls cu tk;sxa s rks ns'k dh ,drk vkSj v[k.Mrk dks dksbZ ugha feVk ldrkA eSa Lo;a ls vf/d jk"Vª fgr ds egRo nsrk gw¡A eq>s bl ckr dk xoZ gS fd eSaus vius lekt ds fgr ds fy, jk"Vª dk dHkh Hkh vfgr ugha fd;k vkSj u gh Hkfo"; esa d:axkA jk"Vª fgr dks è;ku esa j[kdj gh eSus dkaxzsl ls lg;ksx fd;k gSA ftl ekxZ ls eq>s ns'k lsok djus dk ekSdk feyxk eSa djrk jgawxkA** ^^og n'kZu tks lekt dks VqdM+ksa esa ckaVrk gS] dk;Z dks :fp ls vyx djrk gS] Je ls cqf¼ dks vyx djrk gS] vkneh ds vf/dkjksa dks mu fgrksa ls csn[ky djrk gS] tks thou ds fy, vko';d gS vkSj lekt dks mu lalk/uksa dks xfr'khy cukus ls jksdrk gS] tks ladV dh ?kM+h esa lkekU; fØ;k ds fy, vfuok;Z gS] ftl izdkj lkekftd mi;ksfxrk ds ekun.M dks larq"V dj ldrk gSA**

^u'kk vkneh ds ,s'o;Z o ;'k nksuksa dks u"V dj nsrk gS] ;g >xM+ksa rFkk jksx dk dkj.k gksrk gS*


0N:Y(FV0GMGVWKRXGKL]HT>N"N9XND

#

xhrk lqeu

14 vizSy 1891 % eè; izns'k ds egw uked LFkku esa tUeA (ekrk HkhekckbZ] firk lwcsnkj jketh ekyksth dh pkSngoha larku) 1896 % ekrk HkhekckbZ vEcsMdj dk fuèkuA uoEcj 1900 % lkrkjk fLFkr jktdh; mPp fo|ky; esa nkf[kykA 1904 % eaqcbZ ds ,fYiQaLVu gkbZ Ldwy esa nkf[kykA vizSy 1906 % Jh Hkhdw ckhykaxdj dh iq=kh jekckbZ ls fookgA 1907 % eSfVÂŞd dh ijh{kk esa mĂ&#x2122;kh.kZA (750 esa ls 392 vad izkIr fd;sA) tuojh 1908 % Jh ,l-ds- ckys dh vè;{;rk esa xq#th ds-,- (nknk) dsyLq dj }kjk fyf[kr ^xkSre cqÂź dh thouh* iqLrd HksaV dj bUgsa lEekfur fd;k x;kA fnlEcj 1912 % iq=k ;'koar dk tUeA tuojh 1913 % eqacbZ fo'ofo|ky; ls iQkjlh vkSj vaxzsth esa ch-,dh ijh{kk mRrh.kZ (vad 1000 esa ls 499) dhA 2 iQjojh 1913 % firk lwcsnkj jketh ekyksth vEcsMdj dk eqacbZ esa fuèkuA tqykbZ 1913 % xk;dokM+ us Nk=ko`fĂ&#x2122;k nsdj dksyafc;k fo'ofo|ky; U;w;kdZ] jktuhfrd foKku i<+us ds fy, HkstkA 15 ebZ 1915 % ^,MfefuLVs'ÂŞ ku ,aM iQkbusl a vkWiQ n bZLV bafM;k daiuh* ,e-,- gsrq Fkhfll dksyfa c;k fo'ofo|ky; esa izLrqrA 5 twu 1915 % ,e-,- dh ijh{kk mRrh.kZ djus ds mijkar vFkZ'kkL=k] lekt'kkL=k] bfrgkl] n'kZu'kkL=k vkSj jktuhfrd tSls vU; fo"k;ksa dk vè;;uA ebZ 1916 % izksiQslj xksYMuZ us n'kZu'kkL=k lsfeukj esa vEcsMdj }kjk fyf[kr (Hkkjr esa tkfr) uked i=k i<+k] tks ckn esa izdkf'kr Hkh gqvk rFkk vEcsMdj }kjk fyf[kr igyh iqLrd ^n us'kuy MhohMsaV vkiQ bafM;k&, fgLVksfjdy ,usyhVhdy LVMh* izdkf'kr gqvk] tks bUgksaus ih&,p-Mh- ds fy, fy[kk FkkA twu 1916 % ih&,p-Mh- dk dke lekIr dj dksyafc;k ls okil rFkk yanu fLFkr Ldwy vkWiQ bdksuksfeDl ,.M iksfyfVdy lkabl esa i<+us ds fy, nkf[kykA 8 twu 1917 % dksyafc;k fo'ofo|ky; ls ih&,p-Mh- dh mikfèk izkIr dhA twu 1917 % cM+kSnk jkT; }kjk nh xbZ Nk=ko`fĂ&#x2122;k dh vofèk [kRe gksus ds dkj.k ,e-,llh- dh i<+kbZ chp esa gh NksMd + j Hkkjr okil ykSVuk iM+kA tqykbZ 1917 % cM+kSnk ds egkjktk xk;dokM us lSU; lfpo ds in ij fu;qDr fd;s rFkk vkxs pydj foĂ&#x2122;kea=kh ds in ij vklhu gksuk FkkA ysfdu vuqlwfpr tkfr ds gksus dh otg ls bUgsa og in NksM+uk iM+kA 11 uoEcj 1917 % MkW- vEcsMdj dk csfjLVjh ds vè;;u gsrq xzst bu (yaMu) esa izos'kA 1918 % ukxiqj eas 'kksf"kr oxksZa ds lEesyu esa Hkkx fy;kA

uoEcj 27 tuojh 31 tuojh

21 ekpZ ekpZ ebZ flrEcj twu

14 iQjojh ekpZ ekpZ

twu 20 tqykbZ

23vDrwcj

19 tqykbZ 18 iQjojh 24 iQjojh 20 ekpZ

1918 % eqca bZ ds ^flŸsue dkyst vkWiQ dkWelZ ,aM bdksuksfeDl esa izksiQslj fu;qDr fd;s x;sA 1920 % lkmFkcjks desVh ds le{k ckck lkgc dh egRoiw.kZ lk{khA 1920 % lkIrkfgd ejkBh if=kdk ^ewduk;d* dk izdk'ku izkjaHk fd;k ftlds laiknd uanjke okVdj Fks] ftuds firkth n;kusUnz xksyi FksA 1920 % dksYgkiqj ds egkjktk N=kifr 'kkgwth dh vè;{krk esa vk;ksftr misf{kr oxksZa ds lEesyu esa Hkkx fy;kA 1920 % y.Mu esa i<+kbZ fiQj ls vkjaHk djus ds fy, izksiQslj ds in ls R;kxi=kA 1920 % ukxiqj esa bUgksua s vfoLej.kh; Hkk"k.k fn;k rFkk deZohj f'kUns ,oa misf{kr oxksZa ds fe'ku dh vkykspuk dhA 1920 % ^y.Mu Ldwy vkWiQ bdksuksfeDl* esa nksckjk nkf[kykA odkyr dh i<+kbZ ds fy, ^xz*s laLFkku esa izo's k fy;kA 1921 % y.Mu ;wfuoflZVh }kjk budk ys[k ^izksfoafl;y fMlaVªykbts'ku vkWiQ bEisfj;y iQkbusal bu fczfV'k bafM;k* Lohd`r fd;k rFkk bdksuksfeDl esa ,e-,llhdh fMxzh izkIr dhA 1922 % vf[ky Hkkjrh; cfg"d`r ifj"kn LFkkfirA 1922 % teZuh ds ckWu ;wfuoflZVh esa vFkZ'kkL=k dk vè;;uA 1923 % buds ys[k ^n izkWCye vkWiQ :ih&bV~l vkfjthu ,aM bV~l lksY;w'ku* dks Mh,llh dh mikfèk ds fy, y.Mu ;wfuoflZVh }kjk Lohd`r fd;k x;k] ftls ckn esa ih,l- fdax ,aM daiuh y.Mu }kjk izdkf'kr fd;k x;k rFkk eqca bZ esa BDdj ,aM daiuh us ebZ 1947 esa fgLVjh vkWiQ bafM;u djsl a h ,aM cSfa dax ds uke ls izdkf'kr fd;kA 1924 % eqacbZ ds gkbZdksVZ esa odkyr 'kq: dhA 1924 % misf{kr oxksZa ds Lrj dks mBkus ds fy, cfg"d`r fgrdkfj.kh lHkk dk xBu fd;k ftldk mn~ns'; f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr jgks rFkk la?k"kZ djks FkkA 1925 % lkbZeu deh'ku ds lEeq[k lk{kh vkSj Kkiu i=k is'kA 1925 % budh iqLrd ^n boksY;w'ku vkWiQ izkfs of'k;y iQkbusl a bu fczfV'ku bafM;k* fMtVsZ'ku vkWu n izksfHkfla;y fMlsVa ªkyykbts'ku vkWiQ bEihfj;y iQkbusl a bu bafM;k izdkf'kr gqvkA vNwr fo|kfFkZ;kas ds fy, bUgksua s okjlh esa Nk=kkokl [kksykA 1926 % ckck lkgc ds lcls NksVs iq=k jktjRu dk ifjfuokZ.kA 1927 % MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk eqacbZ foèkkulHkk esa 'kiFk xzg.kA 1927 % eqacbZ foèkku ifj"kn esa ckck lkgc dk igyk ctV Hkk"k.kA 1927 % dksykok ftys ds egkM+ xkao esa ponkj rkykc dk ikuh vNwrksa ds fy, eqgS;k djkus ds fy, lR;kxzg 'kq: fd;k rFkk euqLe`fr tykbZA

^'kqÂź eu okyk O;fDr 'kqÂź ok.kh cksyrk gS vkSj vPNs dk;Z djrk gS] rc lq[k mlds lkFk ijNkabZ ds leku jgrk gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG 3 vizSy

1927 % ejkBh if=kdk ^cfg"d`r Hkkjr* dk izdk'ku izkjaHk fd;kA blds laiknd MkW- vEcsMdj Lo;a FksA flracj 1927 % lekt lerk la?k dk xBu fd;kA flracj 1927 % egkM esa nwljk lEesyu cqyk;kA ekpZ 1928 % eqacbZ foèkku lHkk esa ^oru fcy* izLrqr fd;kA 28 ebZ 1928 % lkbeu deh'ku ds fy, lafoèkkfud lwpuk nh xbZA 14 twu 1928 % cfg"d`r fgrdkfj.kh lHkk folftZr fMizsLM Dykl lkslk;Vh LFkkfirA twu 1928 % eqacbZ ds xoZuesaV ykW dkyst esa izksiQslj fu;qDrA ckn esa ykW dkyst ds izkpk;Z cusA 29 twu 1928 % ^lerk* ikf{kd 'kq:A flracj 1928 % eqacbZ esa lkbeu desVh ds lnL; cusA 20 iQjojh 1929 % oèkkZ esa MkW- vEcsMdj dh lHkkA 14 ekpZ 1929 % ckck lkgc }kjk foèkku lHkk esa egkj oru fcy is'kA 13 vizSy 1929 % MkW- vEcsMdj dh cM+h cgu rqylhckbZ dk ifjfuokZ.kA 3 ekpZ 1930 % dkykjke eafnj esa vNwrksa ds izos'k ds vfèkdkj ds fy, lR;kxzg fd;kA 6 vxLr 1930 % MkW- vEcsMdj dks xksyest lEesyu dk fuea=k.kA 8&9vxLr 1930 % MkW- vEcsMdj dh vè;{krk esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; cfg"d`r oxZ dk lEesyuA 4 flracj 1930 % ok;ljk; vkWiQ bafM;k tgkt esa cSBdj y.Mu ds fy, jokukA fnlEcj 1930 % lkIrkfgd turk i=k tkjh fd;kA 7 vxLr 1931 % nwljh xksyest lEesyu dk izkjEHkA 14 vxLr 1931 % ef.kHkou] eqca bZ esa MkW- vEcsMdj xkaèkh dh izFke HksVa A 18 vxLr 1931 % y.Mu esa xkaèkhth ds lkFk MkW- vEcsMdj dh nwljh HksaVA 9 flracj 1931 % egkjkT;iky ykWMZ fyufyFkxks ls MkW- vEcsMdj dh HksaVA 17 vDVwcj1931 % enzkl esa vNwr lekt dk fo'ks"k lEesyuA 25 uoacj 1931 % ckck lkgc dh y.Mu esa xkaèkh ls rhljh HksaVA 1930& 1932 % Hkkjrh; vNwrksa ds fy, xksyest lEesyu dk izfrfufèkRo fd;kA vizSy 1932 % Hkkjrh; lafoèkku lqèkkj ds fy, la;Dq r lalnh; desVh ds lnL; cusaA flrEcj 1932 % iwuk le>kSrk ij xkaèkhth ds lkFk bUgksua s gLrk{kj fd;sA misf{kr oxksZa ds lqèkkj ds fy, bUgsa eSdMksukYM dE;wuy vokMZ ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA 4 iQjojh 1933 % xkaèkh&vEcsMdj dh ;jonk esa HksaVA 24 iQjojh 1933 % rhljh xksyest ifj"kn y.Mu ls ykSVsA 7&8 ekpZ 1933 % lerk lsfud ny ds xBu gsrq lHkkA 16 vizSy 1933 % egkj lekt lsok la?k] eqca bZ }kjk lgHkkst MkW- vEcsMdj dk izopuA 6 ebZ 1933 % la;Dq r lfefr ds dkedkt ls ckck lkgc y.Mu igqp a As 23 vDVwcj1933 % ckck lkgc dh pfpZy ds lkFk tckuh >M+iA 1934 % ikjsy ds nkeksnj gkWy dks NksMd + j ;s eacq bZ fLFkr jktx`g vk;s] tgka bUgksaus ,d ykbczsjh dh LFkkiuk dhA 27 ebZ 1935 % èkeZiRuh jekckbZ vEcsMdj dk fuèkuA 1 twu 1935 % eqca bZ xouZeVas ykW dkyst esa izkpk;Z ds in ij fu;qDrA

13 vDVwcj1935 % ukfld esa ,sfrgkfld ;soyk lEesyu dh vè;{krk dh vkSj misf{kr oxksZa dh fganw èkeZ dks R;kxdj vU; èkeZ dks viukus ds fy, izkRs lkfgr fd;kA mUgksua s ?kks"k.k dh eSaus fganw ds :i esa tUe rks ys fy;k gSA ysfdu fganw cudj ugha e:axkA mUgksaus yksxksa dks dkykjke eafnj esa izos'k ds fy, lR;kxzg djus dh lykg nhA fnlEcj 1935 % ykgkSj esa gksus okys tkr ikar rksM+d eaMy vfèkos'ku ds fy, vEcsMdj dks vkeaf=kr fd;k x;kA ysfdu buds }kjk rS;kj fd;s x;s Hkk"k.k dks fonzksgh djkj nsrs gq, vfèkos'ku LFkfxr dj fn;k x;kA 1937 bZLoh esa vEcsMdj us blh Hkk"k.k (The Annihilation of Caste) dks iqLrd esa m¼`r dj izdkf'kr fd;kA 12&13twu 1936 % iwuk esa misf{kr oxksZa dk lEesyu gqvkA bl lEesyu esa MkW- vEcsMdj us fganqRo dks NksM+us ij fo'ks"k cy fn;kA bldh vè;{krk jko cgknqj ,u-f'kojkt dj jgs FksA 29 iQjojh 1936 % iwohZ [kkans'k ds esacj us MkW- vEcsMdj ds [kkrksa dk leFkZu fd;kA 30 ebZ 1936 % eqacbZ lEesyu eas eqacbZ bykdk esgj ifj"kn ds vè;{k Jh lqHkkjko rFkk MkW- vEcsMdj th us nk<+h ewaNsa eqaMokdj fgUnw èkeZ ls viuk ukrk rksM+ fy;kA 10 twu 1936 % bVkfy;u fHkD[kq js- yksdukFk dh MkW- vEcsMdj ls jktx`g nknj esa HksaVA 15 twu 1936 % eqacbZ ds nsonklh lEesyu us MkW- vEcsMdj dks iw.kZ leFkZu fd;kA 18 twu 1936 % MkW- vEcsMdj ,oa MkW- eqt a s us flD[k èkeZ ij ckrphr dhA 23 twu 1936 % ekrax ifj"kn us bldk leFkZu fd;kA 22 vxLr 1936 % MkW- vEcsMdj us bafMisaMsaV yscj ikVhZ dk xBu fd;k tks eqacbZ foèkku lHkk dk etcwr foi{kh ny cukA 14 flracj 1936 % MkW- vEcsMdj us flD[k èkeZ ds vè;;u ds fy, 16 izfrfufèk;ksa dks ve`rlj ds Lo.kZ eafnj HkstkA 11 uoacj 1936 % MkW- vEcsMdj us tSusok vkSj y.Mu dh ;k=kk dhA 14 tuojh 1937 % eqacbZ okil ykSVsA eqacbZ esa E;wfufliy odZlZ ;wfu;u dh LFkkiuk dhA 17 iQjojh 1937 % Hkkjr ljdkj ds vfèkfu;e 1935 ds rgr igyk pquko gqvk ftlesa MkW- vEcsMdj eqacbZ foèkku ifj"kn ds fy, fuokZfpr gq, rFkk MkW- vEcsMdj dh bafMisaMsaV yscj ikVhZ dks 17 lhVksa ij fot; feyhA (dqy lhVsa 175] vkjf{kr lhV 15) 17 ekpZ 1937 % ftykfèkdkjh us egkM ponkj rkykc dks vNwrksa ds fy, Hkh mi;ksx djus dk vkns'k fn;kA\ 31 tqykbZ 1937 % pkyhlxkao jsyos LVs'ku ij MkW- vEcsMdj dk HkO; LokxrA 17 flracj 1937 % MkW- vEcsMdj us ,lsacyh esa egkM oru dks lekIr djus ds fy, fcy izLrqr fd;kA 31fnlacj 1937 % 'kksykiqj ftykfèkdkjh ds lkFk dkaÚsal ds flyflys esa 'kksykiqj esa budk Lokxr fd;k x;kA

^jk"Vªokn dk vkSfpR; rc gS] tc yksxksa ds chp tkfr] uLy ;k jax dk erHksn u gks*


4 tuojh 1938 % 'kksykiqj E;wfufliy dkmafly us Lokxr lekjksg vk;ksftr fd;kA tuojh 1938 % dkaxzsl ikVhZ us misf{kr oxksZa dks gfjtu uke j[kus dk fcy izLrqr fd;k] ysfdu MkW- vEcsMdj th us ;g dgdj bldh vkykspuk dh fd uke ifjorZu ls fLFkfr esa dksbZ ifjorZu ugha gksxkA fojksèk Lo:i MkW- vEcsMdj th us ,lsacyh esa 'kkafr ekpZ dk izn'kZu fd;kA 23 tuojh 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vgenkckn esa 'kkafr ekpZ fudkydj lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA 12&13iQj- 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us eqacbZ ds ftyk ukfld jsyos deZpkjhlHkk esa ,sfrgkfld Hkk"k.k fn;kA vizSy 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj us vyx dukZVd jkT; dk fojksèk fd;kA ebZ 1938 % eqacbZ xoZuesaV ykW dkyst ds izkpk;Z in ls R;kxi=kA 13&21ebZ 1938 % dksad.k ds nkSjs ij rFkk dksVZ ds flyflys esa ukxiqj Hkh x;sA vxLr 1938 % eqacbZ ds vkj-,e- HkV~V gkbZ Ldwy esa lHkk cqykbZ xbZ ftlesa crk;k fd dsUnzh; ea=kky; lacaèkh fu;e dh vogsyuk xkaèkhth dj jgs gSaA flracj 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vkS|ksfxd vogsyuk foèks;d ij eqca bZ foèkkulHkk esa Hkk"k.k nsrs gq, dgk fd dkj[kkuksa esa etnwjksa dks gM+rky djus dk vfèkdkj gksuk pkfg,A ;fn dkaxzsl dk dguk gS fd LojkT; gekjk tUefl¼ vfèkdkj gS rks gM+rky dk vfèkdkj Hkh tUefl¼ vfèkdkj gSA 10 uoacj 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj us tula[;k fu;a=k.k ds mik; dks eqca bZ ds foèkkulHkk esa is'k fd;kA 29 tuojh 1939 % Hkkjr ljdkj ds vfèkfu;e 1935 ds rgr iQsMjs'ku olsZl ÚhMl 'kh"kZd ij Hkk"k.k fn;kA 1 ekpZ 1939 % ckck lkgc }kjk fyf[kr fÚMe oflZl ÚhMe izdkf'krA 18 vizSy 1939 % MkW- vEcsMdj dh jktdksV ds jktk lkgc Bkdqj ls HksaVA tqykbZ 1939 % jksfgnkl fo|k desVh dh lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA vDVwcj 1939 % MkW- vEcsMdj&usg: dh igyh cSBd gqbZA fnlEcj 1939 % gfjxkao esa vEcsMdj dh vè;{krk esa egkj vkSj egkj orunkl ds ykHkkFkZ vfèkos'ku cqykbZ xbZA ebZ 1940 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us egkj iapk;r dk xBu fd;kA 29 twu 1940 % vLFkkbZ ljdkj dh ?kks"k.kkA lR;kxzg ds fy, MkWvEcsMdj us vius vuq;kf;;ksa dks vuqefr nhA 22 tqykbZ 1940 % eaqcbZ esa lqHkk"kpan cksl vkSj MkW- vEcsMdj dh eqykdkrA 24 vxLr 1940 % MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk turk i=k izdkf'krA 15 vDVwcj1940 % y.Mu esa izèkkuea=kh vkSj Hkkjrea=kh (bVyh rFkk lj lSE;qy gksvj) ls ppkZ djds nfyr fgrksa dh odkyr dhA fnlacj 1940 % MkW- vEcsMdj th }kjk fyf[kr ikfdLrku ds lacaèk esa fopkj ^ifdLrku ;k Hkkjr foHkktu* uked iqLrd izdkf'kr gqbZA

tuojh

25 ebZ tqykbZ vxLr

30 ekpZ vizSy 19 vizSy 17&20twu 18 tqykbZ 19 tqykbZ 20 tqykbZ 7 vxLr 22 vxLr 9 uoacj

fnlEcj

19 tuojh

10 ebZ

6 ebZ

twu

1941 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us egkj tkfr dh lsuk esa HkrhZ ds fy, vfHk;ku pyk;k rRi'pkr egkj cVkfy;u dk xBu fd;kA 1941 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us egkj U;kl iapk;r lfefr dk xBu fd;kA 1941 % MkW- vEcsMdj th dks j{kk lykg lfefr dk lnL; cuk;k x;kA 1941 % MkW- vEcsMdj us flukj esa dkaÚsal dk vk;kstu fd;k ftlesa egkj oru ds yksxksa dks VSDl ls eqfDr djus dk vkg~oku fd;k x;kA var esa ljdkj dks dj eqDr djuk iM+kA 1942 % ckck lkgc vkSj fØIl dh HksVa A fnYyh esa vNwr usrkvksa dk lEesyuA 1942 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vf[ky Hkkjrh; vuqlwfpr tkfr dk ukxiqj esa xBu fd;kA 1942 % jfonkl r#.k lqèkkjd la?k efgyk 'kk[kk dk MkWvEcsMdj }kjk mn~?kkVuA 1942 % ukxiqj esa ckck lkgc us vf[ky Hkkjrh; nfyr oxZ lEesyu dh vè;{krk dhA 1942 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us Hkkjrh; ftykèkh'kksa dh cSBd dks ukxiqj esa lacksfèkr fd;kA 1942 % 'ksM;wYM dkLV iQsMjs'ku dh LFkkiukA 1942 % ok;ljk; ,D;q;fw Vo dkmafly esa esca j ds :i esa fu;qDr gq,] lerk lSfud ny dks lacksfèkr fd;kA 1942 % ckck lkgc }kjk ubZ fnYyh esa pkSFks Jfed lEesyu dk mn~?kkVuA 1942 % nfyr oxZ fgrdkfj.kh eaMy }kjk Jeea=kh MkW- vEcsMdj dk vfHkuanuA 1942 % Jeea=kh ds :i esa MkW- vEcsMdj dk Hkkjrh; Jfed vkSj f}rh; fo'o;q¼ fo"k; ij vkdk'kok.kh eqacbZ ls izFke Hkk"k.kA 1942 % dukMk ds baLVhV;wV esa Hkkjrh; vNwrksa dh leL;k ij viuk ys[k izLrqr fd;k tks egkRek xkaèkh ,aM beulhis'ku vkWiQ n vuVpscqy fnlEcj 1943 esa izdkf'kr gqvkA 1943 % U;k;kèkh'k egknso xksfoan jkuMs ds 10oha t;arh ds volj ij vè;{kh; Hkk"k.k fd;kA tks jkuMs xkaèkh vkSj ftUuk ds uke ls 15 ekpZ 1943 esa izdkf'kr gqvkA 1943 % bafM;u iQsMjs'ku vkWiQ yscj eqacbZ dh vksj ls MkWvEcsMdj dk lEeku 1944 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vf[ky fcfYMad VªLV ,oa vuqlwfpr tkfr fodkl VªLV dh LFkkiuk dhA 1944 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vf[ky Hkkjrh; vuqlwfpr tkfr iQsMjs'ku dks eqca bZ ds ikjsy esa lacksfèr fd;k] tks ckn esa izdkf'kr gqvkA 1944 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh iqLrd ^dkaxl sz vkSj xkaèkhth us vNwrksa ds fy, D;k fd;k\ dks izdkf'kr djok;k rFkk f'keyk vfèkos'ku esa Hkkx fy;kA

^,d iztkrkaf=kd ljdkj ds fy, ,d iztkrkaf=kd lekt dk gksuk vko';d gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG tqykbZ 23 vxLr 24 twu 9 vDVwcj

1944 % 1944 % 1945 % 1945 % 1946 %

vizSy ebZ

1946 % 1946 %

20 twu flracj

1946 % 1946 %

13vDVwcj 1946 %

1946 % 9 uoEcj 1946 % 2 ekpZ

1947 %

15 ekpZ

1947 %

29 vizSy 1947 %

15 vxLr 1947 %

29 vxLr 1947 % 30 vxLr 1947 % 21 iQjojh 1948 % 10 ekpZ

1948 %

15 vizSy 1948 % vDrwcj

1948 %

4 vDVwcj 1948 %

eaqcbZ esa ihiYl ,tqds'ku lkslk;Vh dh LFkkiuk dhA jkekLokeh uk;dj ls MkW- vEcsMdj dh HkasVA f'keyk lEesyu vkjaHkA vdksyk esa izkra h; 'ksM;wYM dkLV iQsMjs'ku dk vfèkos'ku lekIrA MkW- vEcsMdj us fczfV'k ikfyZ;kesaV ds le{k nfyr izfrfuèk ds :i esa lk{; izLrqr fd;sA eqca bZ esa flŸkFkZ dkyst vkWiQ vkVZl ,aM lkbal [kksykA MkW- vEcsMdj th }kjk LFkkfir Hkkjr Hkw"k.k fizafVax izsl fgUnw vkSj nfyrksa ds chp Vdjko gksus ds dkj.k tyk fn;k x;kA flŸkFkZ dkyst eas iBu izkjaHk gqvkA MkW- vEcsMdj th nfyrksa ds lqj{kk ij fczfV'k ljdkj ls cgl djus ds fy, y.Mu x;sA ftlds ckn esa dSfcusV fe'ku esa lqèkkj fd;k x;kA MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh iqLrd izdkf'kr dh ftlesa iwNk x;k Fkk fd 'kwnz dkSu Fks\ vkSj ;s vk;Z lekt esa prqFkZ o.kZ ds :i esa dSls vk x;s\ Hkkjrh; lafoèkku lHkk ds lnL; euksuhr fd;s x;sA MkW- vEcsMdj th lafoèkku lHkk esa igyh ckj Hkk"k.k nsrs gq, ,d Hkkjr vkSj etcwr Hkkjr ij cy fn;kA fiQjkstkckn] m-iz- esa 'ksM;wYM dkLV iQsMjs'ku dk okf"kZd vfèkos'kuA iqLrd jkT; vkSj vYila[;d izdkf'kr gqvk ftlesa bUgksua s Hkkjrh; jkT;ksa esa nfyr tkfr ds yksxksa dh leL;k lqj{kk rFkk mlds ekSfyd vfèkdkj dk o.kZu fd;k gSA lafoèkku ds vuqPNsn 17 esa vNwr 'kCn dks gVkus ds fy, ljnkj iVsy us lafoèkku lHkk esa izLrko j[kk ftls ikl dj fn;k x;kA Hkkjr ds Lora=krk dh izkfIrA Hkhejko vEcsMdj th eqacbZ dkaxzsl foèkkulHkk }kjk lafoèkku lHkk ds fy, pqus x;sA MkW- vEcsMdj th usg: th ds eaf=keaMy esa 'kkfey gq, rFkk Lora=k Hkkjr ds igys dkuwu ea=kh cusA lafoèkku lHkk us bUgsa fu;qDr fd;kA lafoèkku lHkk dk xBuA MkW- vEcsMdj th lafoèkku dk izk:i fy[kus ds fy, vè;{k fuokZfpr gq,A MkW- vEcsMdj th us Hkkjrh; x.kra=k ds fy, lafoèkku izk:i iwoZ:i esa rS;kj fd;kA ckck lkgc us ih- y{eh ujlw dh iqLrd cqŸ èkEe dk lkj dh Hkwfedk fy[khA MkW- vEcsMdj th us Jherh MkW- 'kjnk dchj ls fnYyh esa nwljh 'kknh dhA MkW- vEcsMdj th dh iqLrd n vuVpScy izdkf'kr gqbZA MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh ys[k egkjk"Vª ,d cgqHkk"kh jkT; dks èkkj vk;ksx ds le{k izLrqr fd;kA lafoèkku lHkk esa MkW- vEcsMdj th us lafoèkku izLrqr fd;kA

20 uoacj 1948 % lafoèkku lHkk uss vuqPNsn 17 ls vNwr 'kCn gVkus dk fu'p; dj fy;kA tuojh 1949 % dkuwu ea=kh ds :i esa gSnjkckn dh ;k=kk dhA\ 15 tuojh 1949 % eUen esa MkW- vEcsMdj th us fo'kky tulewg dks lacksfèkr fd;kA iz'kaldksa us bUgsa ,d ilZ HksaV fd;kA 21 tuojh 1949 % veaxkckn esa dkyst [kksyus lacaèkh ckrphr ds fy, #dsA blh flyflys esa bUgksua s vtark ,yksuk dh ;k=kk,a dhA ekpZ@ebZ 1949 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us dkyst ds dke dk LokLF; lacaèkh tkap ds fy, eqcbZ vk;sA 12 twu 1949 % MkW- vEcsMdj dh lar xkMls ckck ls HksaVA flrEcj 1949 % fnYyh esa MkW- vEcsMdj vkokl ij jk"VÂŞh; Lo;a lsod la?k ds izeq[k ekèkojko xksyokydj ls vEcsMdj dh cSBd gqbZA uoEcj 1949 % MkW- vEcsMdj th dkyst ds dke ls o LokLF; lacèa kh tkap ds fy, cacbZ x;sA 25 uoEcj 1949 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us lafoèkku lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA 26 uoEcj 1949 % lafoèkku lHkk us lafoèkku dks viuk;k rFkk LokLF; tkap ds fy, fiQj eqacbZ vk x;sdA\ 11 tuojh 1950% MkW- vEcsMdj th us fgUnw dksM fcy ds lacaèk esa flÂźkFkZ dkyst esa lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA 'kke dks ujsikdZ eSnku esa flYoj dkLiQsV bUgsa HksaV fd;k x;kA 26 tuojh 1950 % ckck lkgc MkW- vEcsMdj jfpr lafoèkku ykxA 2 ebZ 1950 % egkcksfèk lekt dh if=kdk esa MkW- vEcsMdj th dk ys[k Hkfo"; dk cqÂź èkeZ izdkf'kr gqvkA dydĂ&#x2122;kk ds ;axeSu cqfÂźLV ,slkfl,'ku dks bUgksaus lEcksfèkr fd;k rFkk fgUnw ukjh ds mRFkku vkSj iru ij O;k[;ku fd;kA fnYyh esa cqÂź t;arh ds volj ij cqÂź ds mins'k ij Hkk"k.k fn;kA 25 1950 % gSnjkckn esa fofèkea=kh MkW- vEcsMdj dk Hkk"k.kA 1 flracj 1950 % Hkkjr ds izFke jk"VÂŞifr MkW- jktsUnz izlkn us vkSjaxkckn esa fefyan egkfo|ky; dh vkèkkjf'kyk j[khA MkWvEcsMdj }kjk Hksts x;s Hkk"k.k dks i<+k x;kA fnlEcj 1950 % dksyacks esa vk;ksftr fo'o cqfÂźLV lEesyu esa Hkkx ysus x;sA 5 iQjojh 1951 % laln esa dkuwu ea=kh ds :i esa MkW- vEcsMdj th us fgUnw dksM fcy is'k fd;kA 15 vizSy 1951 % fnYyh esa MkW- vEcsMdj us vEcsMdj Hkou dh vkèkkjf'kyk j[khA tqykbZ 1951 % MkW- vEcsMdj us Hkkjrh; ckSÂźtula?k dh LFkkiuk dhA 9 flrEcj 1951 % iafMr usg: th }kjk laln esa fgUnw dksM fcy ds okil fy, tkus ds eqnn~ s ikj MkW- vEcsMdj us usg: eaf=keaMy ls bLrhiQk ns fn;kA fgUnw ukjh ds mRFkku vkSj iru uked iqLrd izdkf'kr gqbZA 19 flrEcj 1951 % laln esa fookg vkSj rykd ds eqn~ns ij cgl dh x;hA 27flrEcj 1951 % ckck lkgc dk fganw dksM fcy ikl u fd;s tkus ds fojksèk esa fofèkea=kh in ls R;kxi=kA

^eSa ckSŸ èkeZ dks Lohdkj djds ns'k ds izfr lcls cM+k midkj dj jgk gwa] ;g Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dk vizFkd vax gS*


flrEcj 1951 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us iqLrd cq¼ miklukiFk iw.kZ dhA 11vDVwcj 1951 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us eaf=keaMy ls Lo;a dks vyx fd;kA 26vDVwcj 1951 % n;kuan dkyst] tkyaèkj esa ckck lkgc dk izopuA 28vDVwcj 1951 % yqfèk;kuk] iatkc esa ckck lkgc pquko izpkj yqfèk;kuk esa fczfV'klZ us vNwrksa ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr fd;k fo"k; ij izopuA 29vDVwcj 1951 % ckck lkgc }kjk ifV;kyk esa pquko izpkjA 18 uoacj 1951 % eqacbZ v-tk- la?k vkSj iztk- lks- ikVhZ }kjk foDVksfj;k VfeZuy eqacbZ esa ckck lkgc dk HkO; LokxrA 25 uoacj 1951 % f'kokth ikdZ] eqacbZ esa ckck lkgc us nks yk[k dh lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA tuojh 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj th izFke yksdlHkk pquko esa Jh ,l,l- dktjksydj ls ijkftr gks x;sA ekpZ 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj us jkT; lHkk ds lnL; ds :i esa laln esa eqacbZ dk izfrfufèkRo fd;kA 26 ebZ 1952 % ckck lkgc MkW- vEcsMdj dks dksyfa c;k fo'ofo|ky; }kjk lEeku ij ,l- jkèkkd`".ku }kjk cèkkbZA 1 twu 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj th eqacbZ ls U;w;kdZ jokuk gq,A 5 twu 1952 % vesfjdk ds dksyfa c;k ;wfuoflZVh us U;w;kdZ esa fof'k"V lekjksg vk;ksftr dj MkW- vEcsMdj th dks izfrf"Br fMxzh ,y-,y-Mh- iznku dhA 14 twu 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj th eqacbZ ds fy, jokuk gq,A 16 fnlacj 1952 % eqacbZ ds ,fYiQaLVu dkyst ds okf"kZd lkekftd lEesyu dks MkW- vEcsMdj th us lacksfèkr fd;kA 22fnlEcj 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj th iwuk ds ckj dkSfly esa iztkra=k dh liQyrk ds fy, 'krZ ij O;k[;ku fd;kA 12 tuojh 1953 % mLekfu;k ;wfuoflZVh us MkW- vEcsMdj th dks izfrf"Br fMxzh ,y-,y-Mh- ls lEekfur fd;kA ekpZ 1953 % tokgjyky usg: us ljdkj }kjk laln esa vNwrksa ds fcy dks izLrqr fd;kA vizSy 1953 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us fonHkZ ds HkaMkjk fuokZpu {ks=k ds yksd lHkk ds fy, pquko yM+k] ysfdu dkaxzsl ds mEehnokj Jh cksjdj ls ijkftr gks x;sA ebZ 1953 % eqca bZ esa fl¼kFkZ dkyst vkWiQ dkWelZ ,.M bdksuksfeDl [kqykA fnlEcj 1953 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us eqacbZ fLFkr ^lar tsfo;lZ eSnku ikVsy esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; lkbZa HkDr lHkk* dk mn~?kkVu fd;kA 10 ebZ 1954 % ckck lkgc ds izFke ikS=k izdk'k vEcsMdj dk tUeA ebZ 1954 % cq¼ t;arh ds volj ij bUgksua s jaxuw dk Hkze.k fd;kA twu 1954 % eSlwj ds egkjktk us MkW- vEcsMdj th dks cSaxywj esa cqf¼LVksa ds fy, ikap ,dM+ Hkwfe nku nhA 5 flracj 1954 % ckck lkgc }kjk ljdkj dh vLi`'; lekt lacafèkr uhfr ij vkykspukRed Hkk"k.kA 16 flracj 1954 % MkW- vEcsMdj us vNwrksa ds fcy ij jkT;lHkk esa O;k[;ku fd;kA 3 vDVwcj 1954 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuk lan's k ^esjk O;fDrxr n'kZu* ij izlkfjr fd;kA

6 vDVwcj 1954 % ckck lkgc }kjk jkT; lHkk esa vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh leL;kvksa ij oDrO;A 29vDVwcj 1954 % eqacbZ izns'k vuqlwfpr tkfr iQsMjs'ku ds vè;{k Jh vkj-Mh- HkaMkjs us MkW- vEcsMdj th dks iqjkUnjs LVsfM;e] ukbZxke (eqacbZ) esa ,d yk[k vBkjg gtkj #i;s iQsMjs'ku dh rjiQ ls HksaV fd;sA fnlEcj 1954 % MkW- vEcsMdj th jaxuw esa vk;ksftr r`rh; fo'o ckS¼ lEesyu esa lfEefyr gq,A 3 vizSy 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us ^èkeZ vfuok;Z D;ksa* ij Hkk"k.k fn;kA 4 ebZ 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us ^Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk* dh LFkkiuk dhA vxLr 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us eqacbZ jkT; dfu"B xSj dkexjr ,lksf'k,'ku dk xBu fd;kA fnlEcj 1955 % Thoughts on Linguistic States uked iqLrd izdkf'kr gqbZA fnlEcj 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us iw.ks ds nsgw jksM esa Hkxoku cq¼ dh izfrek LFkkfir dhA\ 21fnlacj 1955 % fefyan egkfo|ky;] vkSjaxkckn esa ckck lkgc dk izopuA 27 fnlacj 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj us jkT; vkSj dsUnz ljdkj ds vkj{k.k lacaèkh uhfr dds fojksèk esa Hkk"k.k fn;kA 4 iQjojh 1956 % ^izcq¼ Hkkjr* if=kdk vkjaHkA 21iQjojh 1956 % ckck lkgc dh ^ckS¼ iwtk ikB* iqLrd izdkf'krA iQjojh 1956 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh iqLrd ^n cq¼k ,aM fgt èkEek* vkSj ^fjoksY;w'ku ,aM dkmaVj fjoksY;w'ku bu ,ufl,aV bafM;k* iw.kZ fd;kA 15 ekpZ 1956 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh iqLrd ^n cq¼k ,aM fgt èkEek* ds fy, Hkwfedk fy[khA 1 ebZ 1956 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us LVsVl ~ vkWiQ dkmafly esa cgqHkk"kh jkT; ds lacaèk esa O;k[;ku fd;kA MkW- vEcsMdj th dk Hkk"k.k ch-ch-lh- y.Mu ls 'kh"kZd ^OgkV vkbZ ykbd cqf¼Te* rFkk ^okW;l vkWiQ vesfjdk* ls ^n Ý;wpj vkWiQ bafM;u MseksØslh* izlkfjr gqvkA 24 ebZ 1956 % cq¼ t;arh ds lekiu volj ij MkW- vEcsMdj th eqacbZ ds ujs ikdZ esa lfEefyr gq, ftlesa eqacbZ ds eq[;ea=kh Jh oh-ds- [ksj eq[; vfrfFk FksA eqacbZ esa MkWvEcsMdj th dh ;g vafre ehfVax FkhA twu 1956 % eqacbZ esa fl¼kFkZ dkyst vkWiQ ykW [kqykA 11vDVwcj 1956 % fnYyh ls ukxiqj ds fy, jokukA 14vDVwcj 1956 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us ukxiqj nh{kkHkwfe esa vk;ksftr ,sfrgkfld lekjksg esa yk[kksa yksxksa ds lkFk cq¼ èkeZ viuk;kA ,l-lh-,iQ- rFkk fjifCydu ikVhZ dks [kRe djus dh ?kks"k.kk dhA MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk ^fn cq¼k ,aM fgt èkEek* dh dkWih izèkkuea=kh tokgjyky usg: dks HksaVA 16vDVwcj 1956 % ehjkrkbZ vEcs M dj us ba n q uked iq = kh dks tUe fn;kA 24 uoEcj 1956 % ckck lkgc dh lkjukFk ;k=kkA

^;fn jktuhfrK èkeZ dks ns'k ls Åapk ekusaxs] rks ns'k dh Lora=krk [krjs esa iM+ tk;sxh*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG




cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2014 

HJNXUH+NNMUK@+NNMUM5XLMHLZ7FNVINO5RFNFNONJVF0N:Y(FV0GMWDUKGKRKDWDUKIR NVNNDG 20 uoEcj 1956 % ^prqFkZ fo'o ckSŸ lEesyu dkBekaMw* esa vk;ksftr fd;k x;k ftldh vè;{krk MkW- vEcsMdj th us dh rFkk viuk izflŸ oDrO; ^cqŸk ;k dkyZ ekDlZ* ij Hkk"k.k Hkh fn;kA 25 uoEcj 1956 % cukjl fo'ofo|ky; esa ckck lkgc dk izopuA 27 uoEcj 1956 % dkBekaMw ls ykSVrs gq, dq'khuxj dh ;k=kkA 30 uoEcj 1956 % fo'o ckSŸ lEesyu] ckck lkgc dkBekaMw ls fnYyh ykSVsA 1 fnlEcj 1956 % eFkqjk jksM fnYyh ij cqŸ izn'kZuh ns[kus x;sA

2 fnlEcj 1956 % ckck lkgc v'kksdk fe'ku] fnYyh esa ije ikou nykbZykyk ds vfHkuanu lekjksg esa mifLFkr gq,A 4 fnlEcj 1956 % jkT;lHkk dh dk;Zokgh esa mifLFkrA ,e-,e- tks'kh o vkpk;Z v=ks dks fjifCydu ikVhZ lacèa kh i=k fy[ksA 5 fnlEcj 1956 % tSu izfrfufèk eaMy ds lkFk ckck lkgc dh ckrphrA 6 fnlEcj 1956 % vius fuokl fnYyh fLFkr 26 vyhiqj jksM esa budk ifjfuokZ.k gks x;kA 7 fnlEcj 1956 % nknj pkSikVh esa budk vafre laLdkj fd;k x;k tks vc ^pSR;Hkwfe nknj eqacbZ* dgykrh gSA

lkekftd] jktuSfrd] laLd`fr rFkk lkfgR; ljksdkj ds fy, izfrcŸ fgUnh ekfld if=kdk ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ,oa jk"Vªh; jkt/kuh fnYyh o vklikl {ks=kksa dh lkekftd]jktuSfrd ?kVukvksa o [kcjksa dks i<+us gsrq fgUnh lkIrkfgd v[kckj ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ds lnL; cusA

lnL;rk Ldhe eSa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk@lkIrkfgd v[kokj dk vkthou % 2000 C

ikap o"kZ % 1000 C

,d o"kZ % 250 C

Ldhe ds rgr if=kdk dk lnL; cuuk pkgrk gawA Ă&#x2018;i;k esjs fuEufyf[kr irs ij if=kdk@v[kokj Hkstus dh Ă&#x2018;ik djasA

uke----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------irk--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------eksckbZy uEcj------------------------------------------------------------------------fiu-------------------------------------------cSad@MªkW�V@psd@euhvkMZj ls ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk] ds uke ns; jkf'k@lnL;rk 'kqYd fuEu irs ij HkstsaA ;k fiQj vius utnhd dSujk cSad dh 'kk[kk ls gekjh if=kdk ds [kkrs esa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk ds uke ls

$&1R esa lh/s tek djus dh Ă&#x2018;ik djsaA

AFVN0G8ZW laikndh; dk;kZy; e-ua&10] ,drk xyh ua&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094

eks- 9891558804] 9266990078 E-mail: bedharaknews@gmail.com czkĂŁ.kokn vkSj iwathokn ;s nks etnwjksa ds nq'eu gSa] D;ksafd ;s nksuksa lerk]Lora=krk rFkk ca/qRo ds fojQÂź gSa


april issu 2014  

14 अप्रैल,2014 के अवसर पर 123 वां ड़ा. अम्बेडकर विशेषांक ! डा.अम्बेडकर एक अत्यंत प्रखर देशभक्त और प्रबल राष्ट्रवादी थे। डा.अम्बेडकर ने कहा था...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you