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cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

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laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.10, ,drk xyh ua0&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob. : 9266990078 , 9717580686

E-mail: bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog : bedharaknews.blogspot.com

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cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

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cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

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yksaxksa esa /kfeZdrk ds lkFk&lkFk iki djus dh izo`fRr Hkh c<+ jgh gSA tc brus dqEHk gksus ds ckn Hkh bl ns'k es bZekunkjh ugh jgh c<rs gq;s vijk/ bl ckr ds lk{kh gS dh ;g ns'k dh turk ikiksa dh fn'kk es c< jgh gSA dksbZ Hkh lar bl iki dh fn'kk es tkrh gqbZ turk dks jksdus es vliQy gSA vkSj Hkwr&çsr tSlh ekU;rk,a bl Js.kh esa vkrh gSAa pkSFkh Js.kh mu ckrksa dh gS] ftuds ckjs esa ge dqN ugha tkurs] vkSj mUgsa ugha ekursA blesa Hkh og lHkh phtsa vk tkrh gSa] tks rhljh Js.kh esa vkrh gS%a bZ'oj] Hkwr&çsr] /kfeZd ekU;rk,a] oxSjg&oxSjgA bl çdkj ns•sa rks fcuk fdlh pht ds ckjs esa tkus] mls eku ysuk] vkSj mls udkj nsuk ,d gh çdkj dk fparu n'kkZrk gS% cl] fcuk fdlh vk/kj ds ,d lksp cuk ysuk (elyu bZ'oj gS] ;k ugha gS)] vkSj ml ij vM+s jgukA vc vkidh bPNk gS&vkidks vxj fcuk ri fd;s dsoy dqEHk&Luku dks gh ri ekuus okyksa dks ew•Z ekuuk gS] rks ekfu;sA esa dkSu gksrk gw¡ ;g crkus okyk fd vki mudks D;ksa ew•Z ekfu;s ;k er ekfu;sA nwljk jkLrk gS fd vki ;g tkuus dk ç;kl dhft;s fd vkf•j D;ksa yksx ogka ij ,d Mqcdh yxkus ds fy;s ikxy gq, jgrs gSaA ç'u cgqr tfVy gSA ;g tkuus ds fy;s vkidks Hkh ri djuk gksxkA dsoy iqjk.kksa vkSj osnksa esa Mqcdh yxkus ls bldk mÙkj ugha feysxkA tSlk fd eSaus Åij dgk gS% tkuus dh ftEesnkjh ftX;klq dks •qn gh ysuh iM+rh gSA vkius t:j lquk gksxk Nothing can be taught, but everything can be learntA fdlh dks ew•Z eku dj vyx gks tkus ls vki Lo;a dks ;g tkus ls oafpr dj jgs gSa fd dqEHk&Luku ds çrhd ds ihNs D;k Hkkouk dke dj jgh gSA esjk fopkj gS fd ,slk dj ds vki Lo;a ds lkFk vU;k; dj jgs gSaA fgUnw eu rks lcdqN tku ysuk pkgrk gSA

dfLeUuq Hkxoks foX;krs loZfena foX;kra Hkofr

vxj xaxk ekrk leku gS rks D;k tequk dks ekSlh leku Hkh eku fy;k tk;sxk A ;g dqEHk dh HkhM+ va/ fo'olks dh HkhM+ gS 1 blls ys'k ek=k Hkh /eZ ugh lh•k tk ldrk gS A /eZ lh•us ds fy;s HkhM+ ugh ,dkar pkfg;sA vPNs cuus ds fy;s igys unh fdukjs lar mins'k nsrs Fks vc og O;oLFkk lekIr gks x;h bl fy;s vc dqEHk vkfn ij ljdkjks dks jksd yxk nsuh pkfg;sA bl HkhM+ es tscs dVrh gS] lkFkh fcNqM+rs gS cPps Hkh NwV tkrs gS]muls nq"deZ dh laHkkouk c< tkrh gS Bx viuh mLrknh fn•ykrs gq;s]viuh dyk fn•ykdj eklwe ;kf=k;ks dks Bx ysrs gS A fiQj fdl ckr dk /kfeZd esyk A tks bldks /kfeZd esyk dgrs gks og viuk leku NksM+ dj ds ?kaVs&nks ?kaVs ?kwe dj vk tk;s rc mudks Hkh dqEHk esys dh /kfeZdrk irk py tk;sxh A 100 #i;s dk uksV iy Hkj es xk;c gks tk;sxkA fiQj dgk¡ jgh /kfeZdrkA D;k og uksV dksbZ iqfyl ds gokys djus dk lkgl djsxk \ ;k •ks;k ik;k foHkkx es nsdj vk;sxk A fiQj okgu Hkh dgu bZekunkjh jgsxh og ml /u dks ?kksVa us es nsj ugh yxk,axs A tc brus dqEHk gksus ds ckn Hkh bl ns'k es bZekunkjh ugh jgh c<rs gq;s vijk/ bl ckr ds lk{kh gS dh ;g ns'k dh turk ikiksa dh fn'kk es c< jgh gSA dksbZ Hkh lar bl ii dh fn'kk es tkrh gqbZ turk dks jksdus es vliQy gSA vxj ljdkj dh th.kZ&'kh.kZ iqfyl Hkh u gks rks bl ns'k es dksbZ lqjf{kr Hkh ugh jg ik;sxk A /eZ bruk lLrk o 'kkVZdV ugh gS dh ,d xaxk ds Luku ls O;fÙkQ /kfeZd dgyk;k tk ldrk gS A


Mjs gq, fgUnqvksa dk ghjks #

,p,y nqlk/

fe=kksa!1999 esa iknjh xzkge LVsal dh gR;k ds ckn lqçfl¼ i=kdkj jktfd'kksj us ,d ys• fy•k Fkk ftldk 'kh"kZd Fkk&^Mjs gq, fgUnw dk vêðgkl*A mldh 'kq#vkrh iafÙkQ;k¡ Fkha &^fgnqLrku dh gok esa ,d vêðgkl xw¡t jgk gSA ;g vêðgkl Mjs gq, fgUnw dk gSA Mjk gqvk vkneh fNidj geyk djrk gS A tks etcwr ;k cgknqj gksrk gS ]mls xqfjYyk dkjZokbZ dh t#jr ugha gksrh A og lkeus vkdj yM+rk gSA Mjs gq, vkneh dks oLrqr% ;q¼ ls ng'kr gksrh gS ysfdu ;q¼ mls vkdf"kZr Hkh djrk gSA Mjs gq, fgUnw dh vkØkedrk Hkh ,slh gh gS A og geyk djuk pkgrk gS] geys dk lq• ysuk pkgrk gS] ij geys dks Lohdkj ugha djuk pkgrkA * fe=kksa]eSa le>rk gw¡ jktfd'kksjth us mijksÙkQ FkksMs+ ls 'kCnksa esa gh fgUnw lkbZd dh fuHkZwy O;k[;k dj nh Fkh A vHkh&vHkh iQslcqd ij ,d fe=k dh fVi..kh ns•kA mUgksaus Hkh fgUnw lkbZd dks jktfd'kksj dh rjg gh fo'ysf"kr djrs gq, tks dqN fy•k fy•k gS mldk yCcks yqcko ;g gS fd czkge.k (I;ksj fgUnw ) vkSj czkã.koknh(nks uEcjh fgUnw) •qydj geyk ugha djrs]os geyk djokrs gSaA rks lPph ckr ;g gS fd fgUnw Mjh gqbZ tekr gS tks geyk djuk pkgrh gS]geys dk lq• ysuk pkgrh gS ]ij geys dks Lohdkj ugha djuk pkgrhA fgUnqvksa dh bl pkfjf=kd nqcZyrk dk viokn vkMok.kh]mek Hkkjrh ]lkèoh ½raHkjk]eqjyh euksgj tks'kh bR;kfn tSls cM+s fganqRooknh rd u gks ld mldk çek.k ckcjh efLtn èoal ds ekeys esa mudh fyczkgu vk;ksx ds le{k nh xbZ xokgh gSA fyczkgu vk;ksx ds le{k ckcjh foèoaldksa dk dk;jkuk c;ku Mjs gq, fgUnqvksa dks dkiQh fujk'k fd;k A

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

fl;klr



eksnh dh lcls cM+h •kfl;r ;g gS fd ml 'k[l us volj ns•dj Mjs gq, fgUnw ds lkbZd dks vius i{k esa bLrseky djus dh ifjdYiuk dh vkSj vius y{; esa liQy gks x;k A xqtjkr naxs ls ysdj dy rd fn, x, lk{kkRdkj ds ihNs eksnh dk vHkh"V Mjiksd fgUnqvksa dk viuk eqjhn cukuk jgk gSA eksnh us •qn dh Nfo dks ^pje eqfLyefojks/h* vkSj ^fuMj fgUnw*ds :i esa LFkkfir djus dh tksf•e Hkjh ifjdYiuk dhA bl ifjdYiuk ds rgr gh mlus fiNys xqtjkr fo/kulHkk pquko esa ,d Hkh eqlyeku dks fVdV ugha fn;kA blh ifjdYiuk ds rgr dy mlus eqlyekuksa dh rqyuk ^fiYyks*a ls dj Mkyh A xqtjkr dk eq[;ea=kh cuus ds ckn pje eqfLye fojks/h Nfo fuekZ.k ds fy, mlus <sjksa miØe pyk;sA eap ij ehfM;k ds dSejksa dh pdkpkSa/ ds chp eqfLye Vksih iguus ls budkj ]mlh ifjdYiuk ,d dk fgLlk jgkA ;gh ugha ftl rjg 70 dh n'kd esa nqcys&irys nek ds ejht vferkHk cPpu us gkyhoqM ds fDyaV bZLVoqM]pkYlZ czksalu bR;kfn tSls

vfHkusrkvksa dh ^gh eSuf'ki* ls vfHkHkwr fgUnqLrkuh n'kZdks dh lkbZd dk l}~;gkj djus ds fy, psgjs ij dBksjrk dk LFkkbZ Hkko ykus dk miØe pyk;k]dqN mlh rjg eksnh us vius psgjs ij 'kq"d o u`'kalrk dk Hkko ykus dk ç;kl fd;k tks Mjs gq, fgUnqvksa ds fy, lEeksgudkjh lkfcr gqvkA eksnh us viuh •kl Nfo fuekZ.k dh tks ifjdYiuk dh mlds ifj.kkeLo:i mUgsa v&Hk;kØkar fgUnqvksa vkSj xSj&fgUnqvksa dh vkykspuk dk ik=k cuuk iM+kA eSa fo|kFkhZ thou esa dke'kZ dk Nk=k jgkA dke'kZ dk ewyea=k gS&^uks fjLd]uks xsu*A eq>s irk ugha eksnh vius fo|kFkhZ esa thou esa dke'kZ ds Nk=k jgs ;k ugha]ij nkos ls dg ldrk gw¡ mUgksaus ^fjLd* ds ewyeU=k dks ftl gn rd vkRelkr fd;k og Hkkjrh; jktuhfr dh •klh fojy ?kVuk gSA vkt og fufoZokn ^fgUnw ßn; lezkV* ds lkFk ç/ kuea=kh in dk mEehnokj cuus dh fLFkfr esa gSa rks blfy, fd mUgksaus pje eqfLye fojks/h o Hk;eqÙkQ fgUnw cuus dk tksf•e mBk;k A


cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

eqnn~ k



ty] taxy vkSj tehu fdlds\

A

ty] taxy vkSj tehu ,sls รงkร‘frd lalk/u gSa] tks bl ns'k ds djksM+ksa yksxksa ds thou dk ewyHkwr vk/kj gSa- lfn;ksa ls unh ds fdukjs vkSj taxy esa cls yksxksa dk bu lalk/uksa ij uSlfxZd vf/dkj jgk gS- ysfdu ljdkj uo&mnkjoknh O;oLFkk dh vkM+ esa vke vkneh dks mlds bl vf/dkj ls oafpr djus dh gjlaHko dksf'k'k djrh jgh gS- pkgs og ty] taxy vkSj tehu ls tqM+s dkuwu cukus dh ckr gks] ;k fiQj bu lalk/uksa dks iwathifr;ksa ds gkFkksa cspus dh lkft'kvkfโ€ขj fdlds fy, gSa ty] taxy vkSj tehu ls tqM+s dkuwu\ รงLrqr gS ,d fo'ys"k.k---

#

vjfoUn t;fryd

bl ns'k esa vkt Hkh xqyke Hkkjr ds dkuwu gh pyrs gSaA vaxzst ;gka u fliQZ vaxfsz t;r] cfYd โ€ขqn ds cuk, os dkuwu Hkh NksM+ x,] tks njvly xSjdkuwuh rjhds ls Hkkjr ij tcju 'kklu djus ds fy, cuk, x, FksA vktknh ds ckn Hkh bl ns'k esa lok lkS lky iqjkus dkuwu dk gksuk ;gh crkrk gS fd vkt Hkh bl ns'k dk vke vkneh mlh rjg 'kkflr gks jgk gS] tSls og vaxt sz ksa }kjk 'kkflr gks jgk FkkA gkykafd laln esa turk ds รงfrfuf/ cSBrs gSa] ogka cgl gksrh gS vkSj vkuu&iQkuu esa dkuwu Hkh cu tkrs

gSaA dgus dks rks mร™kQ dkuwu turk ds fy, turk ds รงfrfuf/;ksa }kjk cuk, tkrs gSa] ysfdu loky ;g mBrk gS fd D;k fdlh dkuwu ds cuus vkSj mls cukus ds ihNs dh dqy lPpkbZ ;gh gS\ D;k dksbZ dkuwu lpeqp mu djksM+ksa yksxksa ds fgrksa ls tqM+k gksrk gS] ftuds fy, nks twu dh jksVh dk tqxkM+ dj ikuk csgn dfBu gksrk gSA ty] taxy vkSj tehu] ;s rhu ,sls รงkร‘frd lalk/u gSa] tks lfn;ksa ls djksM+ksa yksxksa dks jksVh] diM+k vkSj edku eqgS;k djkrs vk jgs gSAa ufn;ksa ds fdukjs lH;rk,a rks fodflr gksrh jgrh gSa] ysfdu vk'p;Z dh ckr rks ;g gS fd vkt 21oha lnh esa Hkh gekjk

lekt ty] taxy vkSj tehu ij gh fuHkZj gSA vkfnokfl;ksa vkSj taxy ds vklikl jgus okys djksM+ksa yksxksa ds thou dk vk/ kj gh ty] taxy vkSj tehu gSaA blds vykok] ns'k dh lร™kj iQhlnh vkcknh โ€ขsrh ls tqM+h gqbZ gS] ;kuh tehu ds lgkjs viuk thou;kiu dj jgh gSA ysfdu ;gka loky ;g mBrk gS fd bl ns'k dh ljdkj ty] taxy vkSj tehu ij vke vkneh ds iq'rSuh vf/dkj dks โ€ขRe D;ksa djuk pkgrh gS\ D;ksa ljdkj rFkkdfFkr fodkl ds uke ij รงkWiVhZ Mhyj dh Hkwfedk esa vk xbZ gS\ D;ksa cM+&s cM+s gksVYl] ekWYl] vikVZeVas l ~ ds fy,


•srh okyh tehu dk vf/xzg.k djds iwt a hifr;ksa ds gkFkksa lkSia jgh gS\ D;ksa ufn;ksa dk ikuh m|ksxifr;ksa ds gkFkksa fxjoh j• jgh gS\ D;ksa taxy ds taxy vkS|ksfxd ?kjkuksa dks dkj•kus yxkus ds fy, ns fn, tkrs gS\a loky ;g Hkh mBrk gS fd D;k bl ns'k esa dkuwu uked dksbZ pht ugha gS\ tkfgj gS fd dkuwu gS] ysfdu ;s dkuwu Hkh vke vkneh ds fy, ugha] cfYd vkS|ksfxd ?kjkuksa vkSj m|ksxifr;ksa dks iQk;nk igqapkus ds fy, gh cuk, tkrs gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy, ty] taxy vkSj tehu ls tqM+s dkuwuksa dks gh nsf•,] ;s dkuwu Hkh vke yksxksa ds fy, ugha] cfYd •kl yksxksa ds fy, •kl edln ls cuk, x, gSa ;k cuk, tk jgs gSaA

ty] taxy vkSj tehu ls tqM+s dkuwuksa dh gdhdr\ la'kksf/r Hkwfe vf/xzg.k fcy% lok lkS lky iqjkus Hkwfe vf/xzg.k dkuwu esa la'kks/ u ds fy, ljdkj us djhc ,d lky igys ç;kl 'kq: fd,A ekeyk LFkk;h lfefr ds ikl x;k vkSj varr% la'kksf/r Hkwfe vf/ xzg.k fcy xzkeh.k fodkl ea=kky; ds ikl vk x;k gS] ftls vc laln ls ikfjr djk;k tkuk gS] ysfdu bl iwjs ekeys dk lcls nq%•n igyw ;gh gS fd laln dh LFkk;h lfefr us bl fcy esa la'kks/u ds fy, ftrus Hkh lq>ko fn, Fks] mUgsa ea=kky; us ekuus ls badkj dj fn;kA ;kuh la'kksf/r Hkwfe vf/xzg.k fcy Hkh vke vkneh ds ctk; dkWjiksjsV ?kjkuksa vkSj iwathifr;ksa ds fgrksa dh iwfrZ djus okyk gh lkfcr gksxkA bldk eryc ;gh fudyrk gS fd ljdkj mu yksxksa ds thou vkSj vkthfodk ds lkFk f•yokM+ dj jgh gS] tks o"kks± ls viuh tehu vkSj vkthfodk cpkus ds fy, la?k"kZ dj jgs gSa vkSj vius bu vewY; lalk/uksa ds fy, dksbZ eqvkotk ugha pkgrs] cfYd viuh tehu ij viuk gd pkgrs gSaA gSjkuh dh ckr rks ;g gS fd la'kksf/r Hkwfe vf/xzg.k fcy esa xzkelHkk tSlh LFkkuh; laLFkk dh dksbZ Hkwfedk ugha gSA ;gh rF; u, la'kksf/r Hkwfe vf/xzg.k dkuwu dks Hkh egRoghu cuk nsrk gSA vc ,sls esa loky

;g Hkh mBrk gS fd tc tehu vf/xzg.k esa xzkeh.kksa dh dksbZ Hkwfedk ;k lgefr gh ugha gksxh] rks fiQj vktkn Hkkjr vkSj xqyke Hkkjr ds dkuwuksa esa D;k iQdZ jg tk,xk\ çLrkfor fcy esa LVSafMax desVh us dgk Fkk fd ml Ñf"k Hkwfe dk tcjnLrh vf/xzg.k u fd;k tk,] tks ,d&iQlyh ;k cgq&iQlyh gksA bl ij xzkeh.k fodkl ea=kky; us lfiQZ cgq&iQlyh tehu dks gh vf/xzg.k ds nk;js ls ckgj j•us dh ckr dgh] tcfd tu laxBuksa dk Li"V ekuuk gS fd bl rjg ns'k ds 75 çfr'kr fdlku vf/xzg.k ds nk;js esa vk tk,ax]s D;ksfa d ns'k esa vf/dka'k txgksa ij •srh o"kkZ ij fuHkZj gSA bu •srksa esa o"kZ esa dsoy ,d iQly gh flapkbZ ds lk/uksa dh vuqiyC/rk ds dkj.k iSnk dh tk ldrh gSA ,slh tehusa Hkh vf/dka'kr% nfyr&vkfnokfl;ksa vkSj NksVs fdlkuksa ds v/hu gSaA LVSafMax desVh us dgk Fkk fd futh vFkok ihihih çkstDs V] ftls lkoZtfud mís'; ds çkstsDV ds :i esa fpfUgr u fd;k x;k gks] ds fy, tcjnLrh tehu dk vf/xzg.k u fd;k tk,] ysfdu xzkeh.k fodkl ea=kky; us bl lq>ko dks fljs ls udkj fn;kA ea=kky; us dgk fd fdlh Hkh futh çkstsDV ls çHkkfor gksus okys 80 çfr'kr yksxksa dh lgefr feyus ij tehu vf/xzghr dj yh tk,xhA tkfgj gS fd ,slh fLFkfr esa ;g fcy uo&mnkjokn ds nkSj esa O;olkf;d ?kjkuksa dks gh iQk;nk igqp a k,xhA xzkelHkk dks ysdj LVSfa Max desVh us dgk Fkk fd lkekftd çHkko] ikfjfLFkfrd çHkko dk vkdyu vkSj ,DliVZ desVh }kjk leh{kk dk dk;Z xzkelHkk ds lg;ksx ls fd;k tkuk pkfg, rFkk lacaf/r fjiksVZ xzkelHkk dks Hkh miyC/ djkbZ tkuh pkfg,] ysfdu xzkeh.k fodkl ea=kky; us yhfu;j çkstsDV~?l ds eqís ij çHkkfor gksus okys 80 çfr'kr ifjokjksa dh lgefr ij tksj fn;k] tcfd bl eqís ij tu laxBuksa dk dguk Fkk fd bl dkuwu esa fdlh Hkh rjg ds Hkwfe vf/xzg.k ds fy, xzkelHkk dh lh/h Hkkxhnkjh vkSj lgefr vko';d gksuh pkfg,A futh ;kstukvksa ds fy, dsoy 80 çfr'kr çHkkfor yksxksa dh

lgefr i;kZIr ugha gSA blds vykok] Hkw&okilh ds elys ij LVSafMax desVh us lq>ko fn;k Fkk fd ;fn vf/xzghr dh xbZ tehu dk ikap lky rd mi;ksx ugha gksrk gS] rks vf/xzg.k dh frfFk ds ikap lky ckn mls mlds ekfyd dks okil dj nsuk pkfg,A xzkeh.k fodkl ea=kky; us bl lq>ko dks ekuk gS] ysfdu loky ;g mBrk gS fd ,slh cgqr lh vf/xzghr tehusa gSa] ftudk bLrseky 25 lkyksa rd ugha gqvk] fiQj Hkh os tehusa muds iqjkus ekfydksa dks ugha ykSVkbZ xbZAa ,sls esa bl ckr dh D;k xkjaVh gS fd 5 lky ckn tehu okil dj nh tk,xh\ vc vki •qn lksfp,] vxj ;g la'kksf/r fcy dkuwu cu tkrk gS] rks fdldk iQk;nk gksxk\ varjkZT;h; ufn;ksa dk jk"Vªh;dj.k fcy% ,slh ufn;ksa] tks ,d jkT; ls fudy dj nks vU; jkT;ksa esa cgrh gksa] ds jk"Vªh;dj.k ds fy, ,d u;k fo/s;d rS;kj fd;k x;k gS vkSj mls yksdlHkk esa is'k Hkh fd;k tk pqdk gSA mÙkQ u, fo/s;d esa bl ckr dk çko/ku gS fd varjkZT;h; ufn;ksa ij fdlh jkT; dk ugha] cfYd dsaæ ljdkj dk gh vf/dkj gksuk pkfg,A dsæa ljdkj dk muds ty ij iwjk fu;a=k.k gksxk vkSj mlh dh ethZ ls ty dk caVokjk gksxkA jkT; ljdkjsa ikuh vkSj fctyh dh viuh t:jr dsaæ ljdkj dks crk,axh vkSj fiQj dsaæ ljdkj ;g fuf'pr djsxh fd fdls fdruk ikuh nsuk gSA lkFk gh fdlh varjkZT;h; unh ij gkbMªks bysfDVªdy IykaV~?l yxkus dk iw.kZ vf/ dkj Hkh dsaæ ljdkj dk gh gksxkA cgjgky] ;g ,d çkbosV esacj fcy gS] ftls Hkktik lkaln jeu Msdk us is'k fd;k gSA bl fo/ s;d ds ihNs rdZ ;g fn;k tk jgk gS fd blls jkT;ksa ds chp ty caVokjs dks ysdj py jgs erHksn •Re gks tk,axs vkSj ikuh dk caVokjk lgh <ax ls gks ldsxkA ysfdu loky ;g mBrk gS fd tks Hkh çeq• ufn;ka gS]a os fdlh ,d jkT; ls fudy dj nks&rhu jkT;ksa rd tkrh gSaA ,sls esa] vxj ;g fo/ s;d dkuwu curk gS] rks fiQj lkjh çeq•

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

eqnn~ k




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

eqnn~ k ufn;ksa ij jkT; dh txg dsaæ ljdkj dk vf/dkj gks tk,xkA vc tkfgj gS fd ;g çko/ku ns'k ds la?kh; Lo:i dks çHkkfor djsxkA vc bldh D;k xkjaVh gS fd dsaæ esa cSBh fdlh ikVhZ dh ljdkj jkT; esa cSBh nwljh ikVhZ dh ljdkj ds lkFk] jktuhfrd dkj.kksa ds pyrs] ikuh caVokjs dks ysdj vkukdkuh ugha djsxh\ ikuh oSls Hkh jkT; dk fo"k; gS] rks fiQj ,slh D;k otg gS fd dsaæ ljdkj ufn;ksa ij viuk ,dkf/dkj LFkkfir djuk pkgrh gS\ tkfgj gS] taxy vkSj tehu ds lkFk ty Hkh ,d cgqr cM+k çkÑfrd lalk/u gSA gkykafd] ikuh dh ywV Hkh bl ns'k esa lkyksa ls eph gqbZ gSA viQlksl dh ckr rks ;g gS fd dkWjiksjVs ?kjkus ftl rjg ufn;ksa ds ikuh dk va/k/ qa/ nksgu dj jgs gSa vkSj ufn;ksa dks çnwf"kr dj jgs gS]a mlds fy, rks ljdkj dksbZ l[r fu;e&dkuwu ugha cuk jgh gS] ysfdu og jk"Vªh;dj.k ds cgkus ufn;ksa ij vius ,dkf/ dkj ds fy, dkuwu t:j cukuk pkgrh gSA ou vf/dkj dkuwu% dgus dks rks vuqlwfpr tutkfr vkSj vU; ijaijkxr ouoklh vf/fu;e 2006 ;kuh ou vf/ dkj vf/fu;e mu yksxksa dks ou vkSj ou laink ij vf/dkj nsus dh ckr djrk gS] tks ouksa esa jgrs gSa ;k ou laink ds lgkjs viuk thou thrs gSa] ysfdu ;g dkuwu Hkh vc rd ,sls yksxksa dks mudk vf/dkj nsus esa vliQy gh lkfcr gqvk gSA ;g dkuwu eq[; :i ls 13 fnlacj] 2006 ls igys taxy esa Ñf"k@tksrh xbZ Hkwfe ij dkuwuh vf/dkj nsrk gS] ou mRikn] taxy esa pkjkxkg vkSj tyk'k;ksa ds mi;ksx dk vf/

dkj nsrk gS] ysfdu okLrfodrk blds foijhr gSA ns'k ds vusd fgLlksa ls vk jgh •cjksa ds eqrkfcd] bl dkuwu ds çko/kuksa dk ?kksj mYya?ku gks jgk gS vkSj bl •sy esa •qn ljdkjh vf/dkjh gh 'kkfey gSa] tks vkfnokfl;ksa dks tcju mudh tehu ls csn•y djus dh dksf'k'k djrs gSa vkSj lkFk gh mUgsa ou vf/dkj dkuwu ls feys vf/ dkj ls oafpr Hkh j•rs gSaA bl dkuwu ds ikfjr gksus ds ckn i;kZoj.k ,oa ou ea=kky; us ;g vkns'k fn;k Fkk fd taxy esa jgus okys yksxksa dh tehusa fcuk mudh lgefr ds] fdlh çkstsDV ;k dkWjiksjsV gkml dks u nh tk,] ysfdu bl laca/ esa ykW bUiQkslZesaV ,tsl a ht (ljdkjh vf/dkfj;ks)a us vc rd dksbZ Bksl mik; ugha fd, gSAa mYVs] NÙkhlx<+] eè; çns'k] mM+hlk] >kj•aM] vka/z çns'k vkSj vU; txgksa ij jkT; ljdkjksa }kjk tcjnLrh yksxksa dks /edk dj mUgsa mudh tehu ls csn•y fd, tkus dh ?kVuk,a yxkrkj tkjh gSaA xkSjryc gS fd ;gh ou vH;kj.;] us'kuy ikdZ vkSj Vkbxj fjtoZ ,fj;k esa jgus okys yksxksa ds lkFk Hkh gks jgk gSA ou foHkkx voS/ rjhds ls yksxksa ds ouksa ij vf/dkj dk guu dj jgk gSA ou Hkwfe ij vf/dkj ds fy, oukf/dkj desVh yksxksa }kjk fn, x, lcwrksa dh tkap djrh gS] ysfdu bl dke esa ou foHkkx ds vf/dkjh lg;ksx ugha djrs vkSj lp rks ;g gS fd yksxksa ds nkos tkucw> dj •kfjt dj fn, tkrs gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy,] jktLFkku jkT; ljdkj us çR;sd nkos ds fy, ;g t:jh dj fn;k gS fd ml ij iQkWjLs V chV xkMZ ;k

fdlh vU; vf/dkjh dk gLrk{kj gksuk pkfg,A bldk urhtk ;g gksrk gS fd gLrk{kj ds fy, nkosnkjksa dks bu deZpkfj;ksa ,oa vf/dkfj;ksa dh fpjkSjh djuh iM+rh gS] fj'or nsuh iM+rh gS vkSj rc Hkh] dbZ ckj mudk dke ugha gksrkA dqy feykdj bl lc dk urhtk ;g fudyrk gS fd vlyh nkosnkjksa dks mudk gd ugha fey ikrk ;k muds nkos •kfjt dj fn, tkrs gSaA bl laca/ esa ljdkj dks tgka ,sls vf/dkfj;ksa ds f•ykiQ dkjZokbZ djuh pkfg, Fkh] ogha ljdkj mUgsa vkSj vf/d 'kfÙkQ;ka ns nsrh gSA ou vf/dkj dkuwu O;fÙkQxr vf/ dkj ds vfrfjÙkQ lkeqnkf;d vf/dkj Hkh nsrk gSA bldk vFkZ ;g gqvk fd ,d leqnk; dks bruh 'kfÙkQ;ka feysaxh vkSj mls ;g vf/dkj gksxk fd og fey&tqy dj vius taxy dh ns•Hkky dj lds vkSj mls Hkw ,oa ou ekfiQ;k vkSj Hkz"V vf/dkfj;ksa ls cpk lds] ysfdu bl vf/dkj dk dgha Hkh bLrseky ugha gksus fn;k tkrkA ljdkj pkgrh] rks bl vf/dkj dks ykxw djk ldrh Fkh] ysfdu og ,slk ugha dj jgh gSA ;kuh ftl dsaæ ljdkj us ou vf/dkj dkuwu cuk;k vkSj ftu jkT; ljdkjksa dks ;g dkuwu ykxw djuk Fkk] ogh bldk mYya?ku dj jgh gSaA loky ;g mBrk gS fd vkf•j mÙkQ ljdkjsa ,slk fdlds fy, dj jgh gSa\ tkfgj gS] taxy vkSj tehu ls vke vkneh dks csn•y djds ljdkj ogka ij dkWjiksjsV ?kjkuksa dk lkezkT; LFkkfir djkuk pkgrh gS] vU;Fkk ftl ljdkj us •qn ,slk dkuwu cukdj yksxksa dks vf/dkj nsus dh ckr dgh] ogh bls ykxw djkus ls fgpdrh D;ksa\


OLN FOLNGVONHXVFVFO@GND[]VOYN6M+NNWLN #

lh-,l- Hk.Mkjh

yksdlHkk pquko esa vHkh le; gS] ysfdu jktuSfrd ny pquko dh rS;kjh esa iwjh rjg tqVs utj vk jgs gSaA ,d&,d uhfr vkSj ;kstuk pquko dks è;ku esa j• dj gh rS;kj dh tk jgh gSA gj ny turk dks yqHkkus okys iQSlys ysrs fn• jgs gSa] ysfdu ckr mÙkj çns'k esa gq;s mipquko dh djsa] rks dkaxzsl dh uhfr vkSj ;kstukvksa ds lkFk Hkktik ds ueks XySej dks ernkrkvksa us iwjh rjg udkj fn;k gSA mÙkj çns'k ds gafM;k fo/ku lHkk {ks=k esa gq;s mipquko esa lektoknh ikVhZ ds fot;h çR;k'kh dks 81] 655 er feys] ogha nwljs uacj ij jgs clik çR;k'kh dks 54] 838 er feys] ysfdu Hkkjr fuekZ.k dk ukjk nsus okyh dkaxl sz ds çR;k'kh dks 2] 880 vkSj ujsæa eksnh ds da/ksa ij lokj gksdj iw.kZ cgqer feyus dk liuk ns•us okyh Hkktik ds çR;k'kh dks 3] 809 er feys gSaA dkaxzsl vkSj Hkktik çR;k'kh dks feys erksa ls lkiQ gS fd yksdlHkk pquko esa Hkh lik&clik ds chp gh ?keklku gksuk gSA fiNys fnuksa gq;s ,d loZs esa Hkh ;wih ls clik dks lc ls vf/d lhV feyus dh laHkkouk trkbZ xbZ Fkh] ftlls lgt gh vanktk yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd yksdlHkk pquko ds ckn Hkh jktuSfrd fLFkfr esa dksbZ cgqr cM+k ifjorZu ugha gksus okykA yksdlHkk ds fy, ns'k esa lc ls vf/d lkaln mÙkj çns'k ls pqus tkrs gSa vkSj eq[; jk"Vªh; ny dkaxzsl o Hkktik mÙkj çns'k esa gky&fiQygky tuk/kj foghu gSa]lkFk gh yksdlHkk pquko rd ,slk dksbZ peRdkj Hkh ugha gksus okyk] ftlls ;wih ds ernkrkvksa dk >qdko mudh vksj gks tk;sAdqy feyk dj ;wih ds ernkrkvksa ds ;ksxnku ds fcuk ;wih, ;k ,uMh, dks cgqer ugha fey ldrkA deksc's k ;gh fLFkfr jguh gS]tks bl le; gSA blesa dksbZ dqN dj Hkh ugha ldrk] D;ksafd mÙkj çns'k iwjh tkfrokn ds

A



mÙkj çns'k dh tu'kfÙkQ lik&clik ds ikl gS] ,sls esa dkaxzsl bu nksuksa nyksa esa ls fdlh ds Hkh lkFk xBca/u dj eSnku esa mrjs] rks ;wih ds lkFk dsaæ dh jktuhfr dk ifjn`'; dqN vkSj gh gksxkA

edM+tky esa tdM+k gqvk gSA tkfrokn ds pyrs gh ;wih ds ernkrk lik vkSj clik ds chp caV x, gSaA gafM;k mipquko esa lik çR;k'kh dks feyh thr ds lac/ a esa dkaxl sz ;k Hkktik dh vksj ls ;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd egs'k ukjk;.k flag dh ekSr ds pyrs muds csVs dks lgkuqHkwfr fey xbZ] ysfdu clik çR;k'kh dks feys er clik dh etcwrh lkfcr djus ds fy, dkiQh gSaA mÙkj çns'k dh tu'kfÙkQ lik&clik ds ikl gS] ,sls esa dkaxl sz bu nksuksa nyksa esa ls fdlh ds Hkh lkFk xBca/u dj eSnku esa mrjs] rks ;wih ds lkFk dsaæ dh jktuhfr dk ifjn`'; dqN vkSj gh gksxkA dqN jktuSfrd tkudkj rdZ nsrs gSa fd fo/kulHkk vkSj yksdlHkk pquko esa ernkrkvksa dh lksp fHkUu gksrh gS] blfy, fo/kulHkk pquko ds ifj.kkeksa ls yksdlHkk pquko dh rqyuk ugha dh tk ldrh] ,sls yksx ;wih ds tkrh; edM+tky dks vPNs ls le> ugha ik;s gSa] D;ksafd lektoknh ikVhZ ds eqf•;k eqyk;e flag ;kno vkSj cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dh lqçheks ek;korh ds leFkZdksa ds ikl dksbZ jktuSfrd lksp gS ughaA muds usrk dk fu.kZ; muds fy, vkns'k gS] ml

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

jkT;ukek (mRrj izn's k)

vkns'k dks muds leFkZd gj gky esa ekurs jgs gSa vkSj vkus okys pquko esa Hkh ekusaxsA vlfy;r esa ek;k&eqyk;e ds chp jktuSfrd çfr}afnrk O;fÙkQxr jaft'k esa cny xbZ gS] ;gh gky leFkZdksa dk gS] rHkh 'kgj&'kgj] xk¡o&xk¡o vkSj cwFk&cwFk ij bu nksuksa gh nyksa ds chp tax gksrh utj vkrh gSA blh lksp ds pyrs mÙkj çns'k esa lÙkk ifjorZu ugha] cfYd lÙkk dk gLrkarj.k gks jgk gS vkSj lÙkk gLrkarj.k ds pyrs gh ek;k&eqyk;e vkSj etcwr gks jgs gSa] D;ksafd lÙkk lik ds gkFk esa gks] rks clikbZ;ksa dh uhan mM+h jgrh gS vkSj lÙkk clik ds gkFk esa gks] rks likbZ yxkrkj cspkSu jgrs gSaA mÙkj çns'k esa ,d ckj xSj lik vkSj xSj clik dh ljdkj cu xbZ] rks ;g nksuksa gh ny jktuSfrd n`f"V ls detksj gks tk;sxa s vkSj bu nksuksa nyksa ds detksj gksus ij gh dkaxzsl ;k Hkktik dks iSj j•us dks txg feysxh] rc rd dsæa h; jktuhfr esa vfLFkjrk jguk LokHkkfod gh gSA yksdlHkk pquko rd ;wih esa dksbZ cnyko ugha gksus okyk] blfy, eku ysuk pkfg, fd yksdlHkk pquko ls ns'k dh vkfFkZd vkSj jktuSfrd fLFkfr vkSj Hkh ttZj gksxhA


cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

jkT;ukek (fcgkj)

cks/x;k esa ce foLiQksV vkSj lkEçnkf;d jktuhfr # ,l-vkj-

nkjkiqjh

cks/x;k esaegkcksf/ ckS¼ eafnj ifjlj esa 6 tqykbZ dks çkr% 9 ce foLiQksV gq, gSaftUgsaljdkj usvkradh ?kVuk ekuk gSA ;g ns'k esafdlh ckS¼ LFky ij igyh vkradh ?kVuk gSA bl lsvkradh ?kVukvksa dk ,d u;k {ks=k lkeus vk;k gSA bl esa nks ckS¼ fHk{kqvksa dks pksVas vkbZ gSa ftu esa ls ,d dh pksVsa dkiQh xaHkhj gSa ijUrq og •rjs ls ckgj gS bl ?kVuk dh tkap ,uvkbZ, (jk"Vªh; tk¡p ,talh) }kjk 'kq:dh x;h gSA vc rd dh foospuk lsdksbZ •kl lqjkx ughafeysgSaA iqfyl usvc rd fouksn feL=kh uke ds,d O;fÙkQ dks fxjÝrkj fd;k gS ftl ls iwNrkN py jgh gSA ?kVuk LFky ls mldk ,d cSx Hkh cjken gqvk gS ftl esa ,d fHk{kq okyk phoj] ,d dkxt ij dqN VsyhiQksu uacj] nokbZ dk ipkZ vkSj fouksn dk oksVj igpku i=k cjken gqvk gSA ;|fi foospuk lsvHkh rd bl vkradh ?kVuk dks vatke nsuos kysO;fÙkQ;ksd a cs kjsed as ksbZ Hkh Bksl lqjkx ughafeyk gSfiQj Hkh ges'kk dh rjg 'kd dh lqbZ bafM;u eqtkfgnhu dh vksj eksM+ nh x;h gSA ehfM;k vkSj dqN jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa u scekZ esa ckS¼ksa vkSj jksgaxh; eqlyekuksa ds chp py jgs lkEçnkf;d >xMs ls tksM+ dj eqfLye vkrafd;ksa }kjk fd;s tkus dk lansg O;ÙkQ djuk 'kq: dj fn;k gSA dsUæh; ljdkj us;g Hkh dgk gS fd ckS¼ LFkyksa ij eqfLye vkradokfn;ksa }kjk laHkkfor geys ds ckjs esa vkbZ ch }kjk fcgkj iqfyl dks igys gh lwpuk nh x;h FkhA ;g Hkh dgk tk jgk gS fd bl ekeys esa lqj{kk O;oLFkk esa pwd gq;h gSA ;|fi ekSds ij yxs lh lh Vh oh

A

vc egRoiw.kZ ç'u ;g gSfd bl ?kVuk ls lh/k ykHk fdl dks fey ldrk gSA ;g Hkktik vkSj vU; fgUnqRooknh laxBuksa }kjk iwjs ns'k esa vius lkEçnkf;d ,taMs ds varxZr eqlyekuksa dks fu'kkuk cuk dj oksVksa ds ?kzohdj.k dh jktuhrh dh dksf'k'k Hkh gks ldrh gSA bl ?kVuk ds ihNs vc rd lkSgknZiw.kZ <ax ls jg jgs nfyr] ckS¼ vkSj eqlyekuksa dks vkil esa yM+kus dh dksf'k'k Hkh gks ldrh gSA

dSejksa ls dqN rLohjsa feyh gSa ijUrq os Li"V ugha gSaA vc vxj ns•k tk;s rks tgk¡ rd vkbZ ch }kjk nh x;h lwpuk dk lEcU/ gS orZeku esa ml dh fo'oluh;rk lafnX/ dgh tk jgh gS D;ksafd bl ls igys xqtjkr esa cEc foLiQksVksa ds ekeys esa ml dh lkEçnkf;d Hkwfedk vkSj iQthZ eqBHksM+ksa dh lkft'k esa ml dh lafyIrrk ls ml dh lk• dks dkiQh cêðk yx pqdk gSA vc rd ;g Hkh fl¼ gks pqdk gS fd fdl çdkj vkbZ ch ds dqN vf/dkfj;ksa us lEçnkf;d

Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gq, csdlwj eqfLye ukStokuksa dks ce foLiQksV ds ekeyksa esa iQalok;k Fkk tc fd ckn esa mu ?kVukvksa ds fy, fgUnqRooknh la?kBu ds yksx ftEesokj ik;s x, FksA vr% bl ekeys esa Hkh vkbZ ch }kjk eqfLye laxBuksa ds 'kkfey gksus ds ckjs esa nh x;h lwpuk dks Hkh bl ds çR;{k ewY; ij Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk ldrkA vc rd ;g Hkh Li"V gks pqdk gS fd vkbZ ch ds btjkby dh •qfiQ;k ,taslh ekSlkn ls cgqr fudV ds lEcU/ gSa vkSj og Hkkjr dh iqfyl vkSj


vkbZ ch ds vf/dkfj;ksa dks çf'kf{kr Hkh dj pqdh gSA bruk gh ugha ekSlkn d'ehj esa Hkkjrh; lsuk dks Hkh çf'kf{kr dj pqdh gSA dsaæ esa ,uMh, ljdkj ds nkSjku Hkktik ds btjkby ls cgqr vPNs laca/ jgs gSa vkSj orZeku dkaxzsl ljdkj ds Hkh cgqr vPNs lEcU/ gSaA ml ls mÙkj çns'k esa orZeku lik ljdkj ds Hkh cgqr vPNs lEcU/ gSA bl ljdkj ds ea=kh f'koiky flag ;kno dqN le; igys gh btjkby dh ljdkjh ;k=kk Hkh djds vk;s gSaA Hkkjr esa btjkby dh eq[; fnypLih vius gfFk;kj cspus dh gS vkSj vc rd mlus Hkkjh ek=kk esa iqfyl ds fy, NksVs vkSj Lopkfyr gfFk;kj csps Hkh gSaA vc rd dh foospuk ls ekSlkn ds fgUnqRooknh laxBu ¶vfHkuo Hkkjr* ls cgqr fudV ds lEcU/ gksus dh ckr Hkh fl¼ gks pqdha gSA vr% cks/x;k dh ?kVuk esa ekSlkn dh fnypLih ls Hkh budkj ugha fd;k tk ldrkA Hkkjr esa vkradh ?kVuk;ksa ls fcxM+s ekgkSy ls gh rks btjkby ds gfFk;kjksa dh ekax c<+sxhA tgk¡rd cekZ esa ckS¼ksa vkSj jksgafx;k eqlyekuksa ds chp lkEçnkf;d >xMsdk lEcU/ gSml ds ckjs esa Hkkjr ds eqlyekuksa esa dksbZ •kl çfrfØ;k ugha ns•h x;h gS flok; rc ds tc baVjusV ij bl lEcU/ esa dqN >wBh vkSj HkM+dk;w rLohjsa Mky nh x;h FkhaA bl dks ysdj y•uÅ esa dqN eqlyekuksa }kjk cq¼k ikdZ esa cq¼ dh ewfrZ dks ysdj tks gjdr dh x;h Fkh mldh Lo;a eqfLye laxBuksa }kjk dM+h fuank dh x;h FkhA bl ij Hkkjr ds ckS¼ksa ftu esa vf/drj nfyr gSa us Hkh dksbZ •kl çfrfØ;k O;ÙkQ ugha dh FkhA ckS¼ x;k dh orZeku ?kVuk ij Hkh Hkkjr ds ckS¼ksa us bl dh fuank rks t:j fd gS vkSj xgjkbZ ls tk¡p dh ekax dh gS ijUrq eqlyekuksa ds çfr fdlh çdkj dk vkØks'k ugha O;ÙkQ fd;k gSA nykbZ ykek vkSj vU; ckS¼ /Ee xq#;ksa us Hkh 'kkafr cuk;s j•us dk gh lUns'k fn;k gSA vc egRoiw.kZ ç'u ;g gSfd bl ?kVuk ls lh/k ykHk fdl dks fey ldrk gSA ;g Hkktik vkSj vU; fgUnqRooknh laxBuksa }kjk

iwjs ns'k esa vius lkEçnkf;d ,taMs ds varxZr eqlyekuksa dks fu'kkuk cuk dj oksVksa ds ?kzohdj.k dh jktuhrh dh dksf'k'k Hkh gks ldrh gSA bl ?kVuk ds ihNs vc rd lkSgknZiw.kZ <ax ls jg jgs nfyr] ckS¼ vkSj eqlyekuksa dks vkil esa yM+kus dh dksf'k'k Hkh gks ldrh gSA ,d vU; egRoiw.kZ fcanq ;g Hkh gS fd bl le; xqtjkr esa b'kjr tgk¡ ds ekeys dks ysdj eksnh vkSj Hkktik ds vU; usrk cqjh rjg ls f?kjs gq, gSaA cks/x;k dh ?kVuk ls ml eqís ls fiQygky è;ku nwljh vksj eqM+ x;k gS vkSj Hkktik dks furh'k vkSj dsUæh; ljdkj dks lqj{kk esa f<ykbZ ds uke ij ?ksjus dk ekSdk Hkh fey x;k gSA vr% cks/x;k dh ?kVuk ds ckjs esa orZeku esa Hkktik }kjk lkEçnkf;d jktuhrh

dks HkM+dkus dk tks ç;kl fd;k tk jgk gS ml ls lHkh •kl djds nfyrksa vkSj uo ckS¼ksa dks lko/ku jgus dh t#jr gSA mUgsa bl ls mÙksftr ugha gksuk pkfg,A jk"Vªh; tkap ,tsalh bl dh xgjkbZ ls tkap dj jgh gS vkSj mEehn dh tkuh pkfg, fd og tYnh gh vlyh nks"kh O;fÙkQ;ksa dks idM+us esa dke;kc gksxhA lkFk gh dsUæh; ljdkj dks Hkh bl lEcU/ esa Li"V ckr djuh pkfg,A chp chp esa og Hkh fcuk fdlh lcwr ds bafM;u eqtkfgnhu vkfn dh fyIrrk dh ckr djus yxrh gS ftl ls Hkktik vkSj fgUnqRooknh ehfM;k ds nq"çpkj dks cy feyrk gSA gesa bl ekeys esa /S;ZiwoZd tkap ds ifj.kke dh çrh{kk djuh pkfg, vkSj vxys pquko esa lkEçnkf;drk dh jktuhrh dks ugha iuius nsuk pkfg,A

egkcksf/ foLiQksV ds nks"kh vHkh Hkh fxjÝr ls ckgj x;kA fo'o /jksgj fcgkj ds cks/x;k ds egkcksf/ eafnj ifjlj vkSj mlls yxs bykds esa ,d lIrkg iwoZ gq;s vkradh foLiQksV dh tkap dj jgh jk"Vªh; tkap ,tsalh (,uvkbZ,) dh idM+ ls vatke nsus okys vHkh Hkh nwj gS A ns'k vkSj nqfu;ka dks 'kkafr dk lans'k nsus okys egkcksf/ ifjlj esa 07 tqykbZ ds rM+ds J`•aykcèn gq, ce /ekds dh ?kVuk ds ckn ls ,uvkbZ, ds ofj"B iqfyl v/h{kd vkSj Hkkjrh; iqfyl lsok ds fcgkj dSMsj ds vf/dkjh fodkl oSHko ds usr`Ro esa tkap Vhe ;gka yxkrkj dSai dj jgh gS A bl Vhe dks vHkh Hkh Bksl lqjkx dh ryk'k gS A tkap Vhe us egkcksf/ eafnj ifjlj esa yxs 15 lhlhVhoh ds iQqVst dks •axkyk gS ysfdu gkFk dqN ugha yx ldk gS A blh rjg iQqVst ds vk/kj ij çR;{knf'kZ;ksa vkSj eafnj dh lqj{kk esa rSukr futh lqj{kk ,tsalh 'dkscjk' ds tokuksa dk Hkh tkap ,tsalh us c;ku ntZ fd;k gSA gkykafd c;ku ntZ djus ds ckotwn vHkh Hkh bl ,tsl a h dh idM+ ls ?kVuk dks vatke nsus okys nwj gS A tkap ,tsalh us foLiQksV ds laca/ esa yksxksa ls tkudkjh miyC/ djkus ds mís'; ls viuk bZ&esy vkbZMh vkSj eksckbZy uacj Hkh tkjh fd;k gS A lkFk gh ,tsalh us tkudkjh nsus okyksa dk uke xqIr j•us ds lkFk gh iqjLdkj fn;s tkus dh ckr dgh gS A tkap ,tsalh us vHkh rd Ng ls vf/d yksxksa ls iwNrkN dh gS ftuesa x;k esa fiNys dqN o"kkZs ls Jhyadk dh jgus okyh ,d efgyk Hkh 'kkfey gS A tkap ds Øe esa gh bl ,tsalh us ?kVuk ds rRdky ckn gh x;k ds ftys ds mxzokn ls lokZf/ d çHkkfor ckjkpêðh bykds ls fouksn feL=kh dks fgjklr esa ysdj iwNrkN dh Fkh ysfdu ckn esa mls ckaM Hkjokdj NksM+dj fn;k x;k FkkA fouksn ls Hkh bl ,tsalh dks dqN gkFk ugha yx ldkA tkap ,tsalh bl igyw ij Hkh vuqla/ku dj jgh gS fd bl ?kVuk ds ihNsmxzokn çHkkfor x;k ftys ds Hkkjr dh dE;qfuLV ikVhZ (ekvksoknh) dk gkFk gS ;k ughaA gkykafd ekvksokfn;ksa us bl ?kVuk esa viuh lafyIrrk ls badkj fd;k gSA vkradh laxBu bafM;u eqtkfgíhu (vkbZ,e,) us foLiQksV dh ftEesokjh yh gS ysfdu tkap ,tsalh blds nkos ij Hkh vuqla/ku dj jgh gS A

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

jkT;ukek (fcgkj)




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk



L]NIUGYNLQNNQ6RKYNLQN

A

mÙkjk[k.M dk ;g dgj gesa lkspus ds fy, etcwj djrk gS fd bl ?kVuk dks vU/fo'okl ds lkFk /kfeZd dgsa ;k xEHkhj izkÑfrd vkinkA vxj ;g izkÑfrd vkink gS rks gesa /kfeZd /ekZU/zrk dks NksM nsuk pkfg,A D;ksafd Hkxoku 'kadj us eqxy vkØe.k dkjh 'kkld ls yqVrs gq, efUnj dks Hkh ugha cpk;k Fkk] vkSj vc vius ?kj rFkk vius HkDrksa dh j{kk ugha dj lds] bl iz'u dk mÙkj dsoy vki ds gh ikl gSA

#

lh,l Hk.Mkjh

izÑfr dk fl¼kUr gS mRiUu djuk rFkk u"V dj nsuk] izÑfr dk le:irk dk fl¼kUr Hkh cuk;s j[kuk gSA yxkrkj i`Foh ij ekuo dh tula[;k dk c<+uk iR;{k :i ls izÑfr vFkkZr lw{e thoks@a tho/kfj;ksa ,oa ou ds fy, [krjk gSA vFkkZr izÑfr fouk'k dk ,d ek=k dkjd euq"; gSA vkt i`Foh ij tula[;k c<+us ds lkFk gh tho@tUrq ,oa isM+@ikS/ksa ds u"V gksus dh nj Hkh c<+ jgh gSA i`Foh ij izÑfr dk lUrqyu cuk jguk csgn vko';d gS] izÑfr dk fl¼kUr gh lR; gSA ekuo dh Ñf=ke mit ik[k.M ,oa vU/ fo'oklksa us bl izÑfr ds fl¼kUr dks bZ'ojoknh fl¼kUr cuk fn;k rFkk bls /kfeZd vkLFkk ls tksM+ fn;kA vxj ge bZ'oj oknh fl¼kUr ij fpUru

djsa rks okLro esa ik;saxs fd ;g fl¼kUr gesa detksj cukrk gS rFkk vU/ fo'okl dh rjiQ <dsyrk gSA mÙkjk[k.M dh esa vk;h ekuo fufeZr vkink dks D;k dgsxsa izkÑfrd vkink ;k nSoh; vkink ;k fiQj f'ko ('kadj) dk fouk'kdkjh rkMaoA fgUnw 'kkL=kksa esa dgk x;k gS fd 'kadj f=kiqjkjh vkSj =kSyksdifr vFkkZr rhuks yksdksa ds Lokeh gS oks nsokf/ nso egknso gSA tc os rhljk us=k [kksydj rkaMo djrs gS rks i`Foh ij fouk'k gksrk gSA D;k mÙkjk[k.M esa 'kadj us fouk'k ds fy, rkaMo fd;k ftlls fouk'k dk;Z gqvkA ;k mÙkjk[k.M esa fouk'k izkÑfrd vkink dk ifj.kke gS ;s egRo iw.kZ iz'u gSA ;g Hkh ,d iz'u gS fd Hkxor xhrk esa Ñ".k us dgk gS fd rhuks yksdksa esa esjs fcuk

dqN Hkh lEHko ugha vFkkZr esjs fcuk iÙkk rd ugha fgyrk gS eSa lc txg gw¡ lc esjh ethZ ls gh gksrk gSA iz'u ;g Hkh gS fd ekuo dk ;g fouk'k Ñ".k dh gh ns[k js[k esa gqvk gSA fdldks lR; ekuk tk;sA ;g Hkh ,d iz'u gSA vkbZ;!s ge dqN /kfeZd o izkÑfrd fl¼kUrksa ij fopkj djsaA /kfeZd ifjis{; mÙkj [k.M dks /kfeZd n`f"V ls nso Hkwfe ekuk tkrk gSA mÙkjk[k.M esa pkj /ke gS tgka f'ko dk fuokl gS dsnkj ukFkk] cæhukFk] xaxks=kh rFkk ;equks=kh gSA ;gka ij fgUnw /eZ ds ekuus okys rFkk rFkk dfFkr fgUnqvksa fd nsokf/ nso Hkksys 'kadj esa fo'okl djus okys HkDr bu /keksa dh ;k=kk djrs gaSA ,slk ekuuk gS fd 'kadj ;gka vkus okys vius HkDrksa ls izlUu gksdj ojnku Lo:i /u] lq[k vkSj


'kkfUr izkIr djrs gSaA bl okj blds fcYdqy myV Hkxoku 'kadj dh Ñik ls mÙkj[k.M esa vk;h =kklnh esa gtkjksa yksx ekjs x;sA xkao ds xkao cg x;s lM+das rFkk iqy Hkh cg x;s] i'kqvksa ds lkFk&lkFk ;gka dh Hkwfe ij gksus okyh iQlysa Hkh u"V gks x;hA D;k ;g lc Hkxoku 'kadj us gh fd;k gS] ftlls mlds gh HkDrksa dk fouk'k gqvk gSA ;g Hkh dgk tkrk FkkA fd ^^pkj /ke ;k=kk ij tkus ls igys gesa viuk&viuk Jk¼ laiUu dj ysuk pkfg,** bl ijEijk ds ihNs ;gh mís'; Fkk fd ge okfil ykSV dj vk;sxas ;k ughaA D;ksafd igys lM+dksa rFkk iqyksa dk izcU/ ugha Fkk lqj{kk dh Hkh leqfpr O;oLFkk Hkh ugha Fkh\ nsoHkwfe mÙkjk[k.M esa fouk'k ds lUnHkZ esa fgUnw n'kZu esa f=kyksd ifr Hkxoku 'kadj dh D;k izfr"Bk jgh gS vkSj og fdl Lo:i ds ifjpk;d gS\ 'kadj us fo"kiku D;ksa fd;k Fkk\ D;ksa nsokf/ nso egknso vius 'kjhj ij 'e'kku dh HkLe yxkrs jgs\ D;ksa mu ij Hkkax /rwjk p<+rk gS] D;ksa mUgsa osyi=k p<+k dj gh izlUu fd;k tkrk gS\ mu dk okgu uUnh D;ksa gS\ muds xys esa liZ D;ksa fyiVs jgrs gS\ muds ekFks ij pUæek fojkt eku jgrk gS\ Hkxoku 'kadj f=kyksd ds Lokeh gksus ds dkj.k ioZrksa ij gh D;ksa jgs\ D;k mudh tVkvksa ls xaxk fudyh gS\ ikoZrh mu dh iRuh x.ks'k mudk iq=k gksrs gq, Hkh x`gLFk esa thou O;rhr u djds oSjkxh D;ksa cus\ budks nsR;ksa dk nsork D;ksa ekuk x;kA vkSj izkphu dky ls muds fyax dh iwtk D;ksa gksrh vk jgh gS\ vxj ge 'kadj ds bl :i o muds dk;ksZ dks ns[ksa rks mudk LoHkko gh ugha jgk fd 'kadj ekuo dk fgr djsAa ;g dguk Hkh xyr gS fd 'kadj nSR;ksa ds nso gaSA bldk Li"V mÙkj gS fd czÞek fo".kq o egs'k (f'ko) vk;ksZ ds nsork gaAS bl fy, vk;Z gh 'kadj dks vf/d iwtrs gaAS vk;Z yksx ;K djrs Fks] ekal dk Hk{k.k djrs FksA rFkk efnjkiku djrs Fks 'kadj Hkh efnjk o Hkkax dk iz;ksx djrs FksA vkt Hkh ns[kas fd ,d 'kjkch lekt esa rkaMo djrk gS ftls lHkh gs; dh n`f"V ls ns[krs gaS blh izdkj lkjs vk;Z nsork 'kadj ls ukjkt jgrs gksxas] ftlls f'ko igkMksa ij gh vdsys fuokl djrs gksxsa D;ksafd 'kadj ds

D;k nsoHkwfe esa vkbZ vkink nSoh; çdksi Fkk\ LFkkuh; yksxksa dk ekuuk gS fd cka/ cukus ds fy, eafnj dks gVkus ds ckn gh dqnjr ds dgj dh 'kq:vkr gqbZA yksxksa dh ekU;rk gS fd fiNys 800 lky ls /kjh nsoh vyduank ds chp cSBdj unh dh /kj dks dkcw esa j•rh FkhaA 16 twu dks LFkkuh; yksxksa ds fojks/ vkSj gkbZ dksVZ ds vkns'k ds f•ykiQ / kjh nsoh dk eafnj unh ds chp ls gVkdj mij lqjf{kr txg ij yk;k x;kA otg crkbZ xbZ fd tc MSe ls ikuh NksMk+ tk,xk rks eafnj Mwc tk,xkA 16 twu dh 'kke ;kfu rdjhcu ogh oÙkQ tc dsnkjukFk esa ckny iQVkA Xysf'k;j VwVk vkSj igkM+ksa ls rckgh dk lSykc lc dqN cgk ys x;kA vc vkLFkk esa Mwcs lqeu ukSfV;ky tSls LFkkuh; yksx bl ty çy; dks /kjh nsoh eafnj ls tksM+dj ns• jgs gSaA Hkys HkÙkQ vkLFkk esa va/fo'okl dh gn rd Mwcs gSa] ysfdu eafnj ds iafMr nsoHkwfe esa vkbZ =kklnh dks nSoh; ugha] cfYd balkuh djrwr dk urhtk crk jgs gSaA iafMr th dk dguk gS fd bl =kklnh dks •qn balku us U;kSrk fn;k gSA ge iwNrs gSa] fd isM+ fdlus dkVs] vkneh usA feêðh fdlus •ksnh] vkneh usA MSe fdlus cuk;k] vkneh usA Hkxoku dks nks"k er nksA vki çÑfr ds lkFk NsM+NkM+ djksxs rks oks Hkh dqN uk dqN djsxh ghA yksaxksa us viuh vka•ksa ls ;gka dqnjr ds lkFk f•yokM+ gksrs ns•k gSA isM+ksa dks dkVs tkus ds oks xokg gSaA igkM+ksa ij gq, tqYe ds oks xokg gSaA ufn;ksa dks Hkjs tkus ds oks xokg gSaA vkt tc gtkjksa yksx viuh tku ls gkFk /ks cSBs gSa rks vki =kklnh dk cgkuk ysdj ljdkj ls iSls ,saBrs gksA ljdkj blls dkiQh •q'k gS] mlds rks nksuksa gkFkksa esa yîów gSA nsoHkwfe esa vkbZ vkink dks Hkys dqN yksx nSoh; çdksi crk,aA ysfdu njvly ;s balku dh cukbZ gqbZ vkink gSA vc cM+k loky ;s gS fd dqnjr ds bl dgj ls D;k ge dqnjr ds xqLls dks le>saxs] D;k dksbZ lcd ysaxsA cgqr vf/d efUnj igkM+ksa ij rFkk iBkjksa ij gh ik;s tkrs gSA mijksDr iz'uksa ij fo'okl djuk vU/fo'okl gh gks ldrk gS liksaZ dks xys esa yVdkus dk D;k rkRi;Z gks ldrk gSa tks dsoy 'kadj ds :i dh dsoy dYiuk gh gks ldrh gS vkSj dqN ugha\ 'kjhj ij HkLe yxk dj ekuo dks lUns'k&izÑfr dk izR;sd va'k 'kadj dks fiz; gS vkSj bl fy, og vius 'kjhj ij HkLe yisV dj ;gha dgrs gS fd lalkj ds lq[k leku :i ls izR;sd ekuo ds fy, gS D;ksafd mldh vfUre ifj.kfr HkLe gh gSA ysfdu fiQj Hkh mÙkjk[k.M esa 'kadj us ,slk fouk'k dk;Z D;ksa fd;kA dsnkj ukFk esa f'ko dk efUnj cg x;k dsoy eq[; Hkkx cpk mlesa Hkh lSdM+ks yksx ekjs x;s f'kofyax Hkh jsr o iRFkjksa ls <d x;kA =kf"kds'k esa Hkh f'ko dh iwfrZ cg x;hA tc egknso vius ?kj o vius HkDrksa dks ejus ls ugha cpk lds rks

oks ekuo dY;k.k D;k djsxa As ;g dsoy vU/ fo'okl gS rFkk fgUnqvksa dh /kfeZdrk dk gh ifj.kke gSA bl iwtk ikB ls dqN feysxk ;g lEHko ughaA ;s ;k=kk ;k iwtk oSKkfud Lrj ij lgh fl¼ ugha gksrhA Hkkjrh; laLÑfr ufn;ksa] oukas rFkk ioZrks ls ysdj lkxj rd dks iw.kZ :is.k LoPN cuk;s j[kus dh O;oLFkk djrh gS] ijUrq izÑfr dks lekIr djus ds fy, bl ioZrh; Hkwfe dks nsoh] nsorkvksa dh iwtk ds cgkus bl dks v'kq¼ dj fn;k gSA igkM+ksa ij (fuekZ.k) dk;Z py jgs gaS ;gka ds okrkoj.k dks Hkh fo'kq¼ fd;k tk jgk gSA O;kikfj;ksa esa /u dekus dh gksM+ yxkh gS] bl ij jktuhfr gks jgh gSA dgus dk rkRi;Z gS fd /kfeZd /ekZU/ rk ds dkj.k ioZrh; okrkoj.k dks iznqf"kr fd;k tk jgk gS] ftldk ifj.kke vki ds le{k gSA bl ;k=kk dks /kfeZd ik=kk u gksdj

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

vkoj.k dFkk i;ZVu ;k=kk cuk;k tk;s rks T;knk mi ;qDr gks ldrk gSA i;kZoj.k dk fouk'k oU; dkuwu ij xkSj djssa rks 5000 iQhV dh mQpkbZ okys ou {ks=kkas ds o`{kkas dks dkVk tkuk dkuwu dk mYya?ku gSA ijUrq ou dkVs tk jgs gSaA ftlds dkj.k gtkjksa lky iqjkus vkLFkk ds dsUæ nso Hkwfe dks /kfeZdrk ds foLrkj ds dkj.k Hkh"k.k izkÑfrd vkink ls {kfrfo{kr gksrk tk jgk gSA usrkvksa ds gksVy cuk;s tk jgs gSA ;gka rd fd jes'k iks[kfj;ky fu'kad us ufn;ksa ds jsr ls gh vius fj'rsnkjksa dks ekykeky djus dk iz.k fy;k gSA iwjs jkT; esa i;kZoj.k ds fo:¼ NksVh&NksVh iu fctyh ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, 70 cka/ cukus ds Bsds ns fn;s gaSA eq[; eU=kh fot; cgqxq.kk us rks lkjh lhek,sa ikj djds vius firk gseorh uUnu cgqxq.kk ds mÙkjk[k.M dks laqjf{kr j[kus ds lius dks pdukpwj dj fn;k gSA vkSj bl jkT; dh ?ku ?kksj igkM+h iêðh dks i;kZoj.k ewyd {ks=k ?kksf"kr djus ls bUdkj dj jgs gaSA lu~ 2000 esa bl igkMh {ks=k dks eSnkuh Hkkxksa ls Hkh tksM+ fn;k x;k] ftudk&igkMksa ls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha gSA igkMksa ds yksxksa dks yxkrkj nqljs ntsZ dk ukxfjd cuk;s j[kuk ,d jktuSfrd "kM;U=k Hkh gSA dadjhVdk vf/d iz;ksx djds i;kZoj.k dks nqf"kr fd;k tk jgk gSA bl jkT; esa 13 ftys gSaA tks /kfeZdrk ls rks tqMs gSA ;gka ds efUnjksa dh ;k=kk ds cgkus i;kZoj.k dk fouk'k fd;k tk jgk gSA lM+dks ds fuekZ.k] mudh ejEer rFkk xUnxh us Hkh izkÑfrd lkSUn;Z dks [kjkc fd;k gS ftlls i;kZoj.k nqf"kr gks jgk gSA ,slk Hkh izrhr gks jgk gS fd Hkxoku f'ko bl ifjofrZr i;kZoj.k ls izlUu ugha gS] ;g ?kVuk dgha vkxs vkus okyh fdlh cM+h ?kVuk ;k foink ;k foHkhf"kdk dk ladrs rks ugha gSA dgha ;s Hkxoku f'ko ds rkaMo dk ifj.kke rks ugha gSA bl izns'k esa cktkjksa dk cuuk] okguksa ds c<us ls Hkh i;kZoj.k nqf"kr gks jgk gSA /kfeZd /ekZU/rk ds dkj.k vxj blh izdkj i;kZoj.k iznqf"kr gksrk jgk] o`{kksa dh dVkbZ gksrh jgh rks Hkfo"; esa dHkh Hkh egk fouk'k gks ldrk gSA tyok;q esa Hkh ifjorZu gksus ds ladsr c< jgs gSaA mÙkjk[k.M esa fouk'k yhyk 16 twu dh 'kke rFkk 17 twu dh izkr%

us mÙkjk[k.M dks fouk'k dh lh<+h ij ykdj [kM+k dj fn;kA 16 twu dks dsnkj ukFk igqap dj rhFkZ ;k=kk djus okyksa us vius&vius ifjokj dks iQksu ij crk;k fd ge dsnkj ukFk igqap x;s gS D;k irk Fkk fd ?kj okyksa ds fy,] ;g feyus o ckr phr dk vkf[kjh le; Fkk D;ksfa d bl Hk;kud jkr us gh gtkjksa dks ekSr ds xksn esa lqyk fn;k] mUgsa u rks pkj O;fDr;ksa dk dU/k feyk] uk gh mUgsa vfXu ds gokys fd;k x;k] yk'ks iRFkj ds uhps rFkk ufn;ksa esa cgdj tkus dgk¡ pyh x;hA ifjokj okys fcy[k jgs gaS] D;k bl fy, gh 'kadj Hkxoku ds n'kZu djus x;s FksA f'ko fyax Hkh jsr esa nc x;k] f'ko efUnj Hkh cg x;k] lHkh dqN rckg gks x;k D;k ;kf=k;ksa o muds ifjokj okyksa us thou d"V mBkus ds fy, dsnkj ukFk x;s Fks ;k lq[kh thou dh dkeuk ds fy, x;s FksA 82 o"kZ dh 'keksa dk ifjokj ywV x;k] vdsyh jg x;h] D;k ;gh Hkxoku dh yhyk gSA :æiz;kx esa 25 Ldwy cg x;s] 5000 Nk=k fo|ky;ksa esa ugha tk ldrs gSA 1100 xkao dk lEca/ VwV x;k fdrus gh xkao u"V gks x;sA :æ iz;kx ds xkao ds 56 ifjokj xk;c gks x;sA ikuh ds vkrad us lHkh dks u"V dj fn;k] 1320 fdeh lM+ds [kjkc (u"V) gks x;haA 15]000 ls 20]000 yksx vuqekur% dky ds xky esa pys x;sA ,d O;fDr ukS ?kUVksa rd f'ko efUnj esa ?kUVk idM+dj yk'kksa ds <sj ij [kMk jgk] ikuh dh rst / kj us mlds 'kjhj ls diMs mrkj dj uaxk dj fn;k] ml O;fDr us 'ko ds diMs mrkj dj vius 'kjhj dks <dk ftlls mldk thou capkA ukxiqj ds ,d gh ifjokj ds 16 yksx ikuh ds vkrad esa lek x;sA ,d efgyk ds ifjokj okyksa us crk;k fd gekjh csVh izkr% mB dj jkst iwtk ikB djrh Fkh rFkk ckn esa [kkuk [kkrh Fkh og Hkh dsnkj ukFk esa bPNk ojnku ysus x;h Fkh] mls Hkh 'kadj Hkxoku us ugha cpk;k tks yksx cps Fks mUgksaus o"kkZ o lnhZ esa dbZ&dbZ jkrsa [kqy vkleku ds uhps fcrkbZ rFkk ?kkl o iÙks [kkdj gh thou cpk;k] ihus ds fy, ikuh rd ugha feyk ;s Hkh dsnkj ukFk Hkxoku 'kadj ls eqfDr ikus ds fy, x;s FksA D;k ;g lkspus dk iz'u ugha gS\ xkSjh dqaM ds ,d gksVy esa 60 yksx Fks ck<+ dh vkink us lHkh dks Lokg dj fn;kA bl

rckgh esa xkaoksa ds xkao u"V gksus ls ysdj 'kgjksa dh dsnkj ukFk o xkSjh dqM bR;kfn ds yxHkx ,d lkS lkB gksVy o nqdkusa cg x;haA miQurh ck<+ esa lSdMksa iqy Hkh VqV x;sA fiFkksjkx<+ esa Hkh 200 edku HkwL[kyu esa u"V gks x;sA ekSr dk [kkSiQ rckgh dk eatj] tku cpkus dh tnnks tgn yksx vc Hkh dj jgs gaSA mÙkjk[k.M ds gkykr jksaxVs [kMs djus okys gaSA nso Hkwfe dgs tkus okys bl izns'k esa yk'kksa dk oks eUtj Fkk ftls ns[kdj euq"; dkai tkrk gSA tgka f'ko ds efUnj esa Hkh jsr Hkj x;k] 'kokas ds <sj yx x;s] ;gha 'kadj dk rkaMo FkkA ljdkj dh rjiQ ls cpko dk;Z dks ^^jsLD;w vkijs'ku** dk uke fn;k x;kA bl dk;Z ds fy, 50 gSyhdksiVj rFkk ,;jØkÝV dks yxk;k x;kA bl cpko dk;Z esa 1189 mM+kuas (Vsd vkWiQ) Hkjha A blls 152 Vu [kkus dk lkeku fxjk;k x;kA bl vkijs'ku ds }kjk 96]500 yksxksa dks cpk;k x;kA bl vkijs'ku esa 187 MkDVlZ Hkh yxk;s x;sA xaxk ?kj o 'kkjnk ufn;ksa esa 'ko fey jgs gS] ftUgsa fudkyk tk jgk gSA fnYyh ls (vkbZ-Vh-ch-ih-) rFkk eSMhdy Vhe bR;kfn ds dbZ gtkj toku Hksts x;s ftUgksaus fnu jkr esgur djds rFkk Hkw[ks jgdj Hkh rhFkZ ;kf=k;ksa dks lqjf{kr cpk;kA LFkkuh; cVkfy;u ds toku Hkh bl dk;Z esa yxs jgsA nsgjknwu esa lqj{kkdfeZ;ksa ds ejus okyksa ds fy, 'kkfUr ikB Hkh fd;kA mÙkj izns'k ds Hkh 36 xkao bl vkarfdr ck< ls izHkkfor gq, gSA bl izdkj bl vkink esa iQkSt ds tokuksa o MkDVlZ ds lg;ksx dks Hkqyk;k ugha tk ldrk gS] mUgsa lEeku ds lkFk ns[kk tkuk pkfg, ejus okys iQkSth 'kgnksa dks ns'k ueu djrk gSA jktuhfrd ifjis{k; esa izkÑfrd vkink gks ;k jktuhfrd {ks=k] jktuhfrd ny] jktuhfrd jksfV;ka vo'; gh lsdrs gaSA foi{k lnSo ljdkj dh vkykspuk djrk gSA ljdkj us pkj /ke ;k=kk lfdZV ds fy, 195 djksM+ rFkk mÙkjk[k.M dks iquokZl ds fy, 1000 djksM+ :i;s dh lgk;rk nh gSA m-iz- us 25 djksM]+ ,e-ih- us 5 djksM+ jktLFkku us 2 djksM+ rFkk gfj;k.kk ljdkj us 10 djksM+ :i;s dh lgk;rk mÙkjk[k.M jkT; ds fy, fn;s gSA bUnjk vkokl ;kstuk ds rgr 14


gtkj edku cukus dk Hkh ljdkj us ,syku fd;k gSA Vwfjte fefuLVj us Hkh jkT; dh lM+dksa ds fuekZ.k djkus dk Hkh ,syku fd;k gSA mÙkjk[k.M dh bl rckgh dks dkaxzsl o Hkktik] fnYyh vkSj cEcbZ esa cnyuk pkgrs gSA ;s Hkxoku ds uke ij O;kikj dj jgs gSAa lHkh mÙkjk[k.M dh ;k=kk dj jgs gS ftlls lekpkj i=kksa rFkk Vh-oh- ij iQksVks vk tk;sAa ;s jktuhfrd xse [ksyk tk jgk gSA e'kgwj i;kZoj.kfon vkSj esjk lkFk&lkFk iqjLdkj fotsrk paMh izlkn HkVV~ us dgk fd ;fn ljdkj us jk"Vªh; lqij laosnh ,tsalh (,u-vkj-;l-,) dh fjiksZV dks xEHkhjrk ls fy;k gksrk rks dsnkj ukFk ds vkl ikl bruh rckgh ugha gksrhA ljdkj us bl ,astsUlh dh fjiksVZ ij i;kZIr è;ku ugha fn;kA mUgksaus dgk fd ns'k Hkj ds 'kh"kZLFk laLFkkuksa ds djhc 100 ofj"B oSKkfudksa us feydj ^^gtkMZ tksos'ku eSfiax** uke ls fjiksVZ rS;kj dh FkhA ,u-vkj-,l-, ds oSKkfudksa us 2001 esa gh mÙkjk[k.M vkSj vkl&ikl iMkSlh fgekpy izns'k ds izkÑfrd vkink lEHkkfor {ks=kksa dh igpku djyh FkhA fjiksVksaZ eas mUgh dk o.kZu gS tgka ij vc rckgh epkbZ FkhA ;s Hkh dgk Fkk fd Hkfo"; esa tcnZLr HkwL[kyu gks ldrk gSA ch-,l-ih- ikVhZ us mÙkjk[k.M esa ck<+ dks jk"Vªh; vkink ?kksf"kr dj xaHkhj fpUrk trkbZ gSA mUgksaus dgk fd bl izyki esa rhFkZ ;k=kh ,oa ewy fuokfl;ksa dks vf/d gkfu

igqaph gSA mÙkjk[k.M dks bl le; gj rjg dh enn dh vko';drk gSA efUnjksa ds c<rs izokg ls mÙkjk[k.M dks tgka vkfFkZd enn feyrh gS] ogha c<+rh gqbZ tu la[;k c<+rh gqbZ] dadjhV dh lM+dsa] ifjoguksa dh c<rh la[;k] iznq"k.k] c<rh gqbZ cfLr;ka o c<+rh gqbZ maQph&mQaph bekjrsa] isM+ksa dh dVkbZ m|ksx /U/s lHkh mÙkjk[k.M ds i;kZoj.k dks nqf"kr djrs gSA /kfeZd izof` Ùk ds dkj.k gh ;g rckgh eph] ftlls mÙkjk[k.M cokZn gks x;kA izÑfr ds dgj us nso Hkwfe dks rckg dj fn;kA pkjksa vksj eqlhcr dh ekj vkSj cokZnh dk eyok fc[kjk gqvk gSA [k.M gks x;s mÙkjk[k.M dks izkÑfrd vkink dgsa ;k Hkxoku 'kadj dk fouk'k dkjh rkaMoA tks yksx 'kadj Hkxoku dh iwtk vpZuk djus x;s Fks Hkxoku 'kadj us mUgsa gh viukas ls vyx dj fn;kA vklekuh dgj VqVus ds ckn cps gq,] nnZ ls fcy fcykrsa yksx rFkk lc dqN yqV tkus ds lnesa esa Mqcs eklwe yksx ,sls tku iMrs gS tSls oks xqaxs o cgjs gks x;s gksA mÙkjk[k.M dk ;g dgj gesa lkspus ds fy, etcwj djrk gS fd bl ?kVuk dks vU/ fo'okl ds lkFk /kfeZd dgsa ;k xEHkhj izkÑfrd vkinkA vxj ;g izkÑfrd vkink gS rks gesa /kfeZd /ekZU/zrk dks NksM nsuk pkfg,A D;ksafd Hkxoku 'kadj us eqxy vkØe.k dkjh 'kkld ls yqVrs gq, efUnj dks Hkh ugha cpk;k

Fkk] vkSj vc vius ?kj rFkk vius HkDrksa dh j{kk ugha dj lds] bl iz'u dk mÙkj dsoy vki ds gh ikl gSA izkÑfrd vkink ekurs gq, mÙkjk[k.M ds fouk'k dks fodkl esa cnys ds fy, ge lHkh ns'koklh ru] eu] /u ls lg;ksx djsa D;ksfa d bls mÙkjk[k.M dh vkink ugh jk"Vªh; vkink gh le>s] rHkh ge lPps Hkkjrh; ukxfjd gksxsaA ge [kks; gS vU/fo'okl esa lks;s gS /ekZU/zrk ds chp [kks cSBs vkRe fo'okl [kkstrs eqfDr iRFkjksa esa ugha lksprs izÑfr lkSUn;Z ds fy, fouk'k yhyk ns[k jgs gS fiQj Hkh [kks;s vU/fo'okl esa eu dk fpUru [kks cSBs] jgh u eu dh lksp dc [kqysaxs eu ds }kjk dc gksxk tkus losjk dc vxj lc txg bZ'oj gS rks D;ksa tkrs gks ijns'k eu esa [kkstksa iki dks D;ksa [kks jgs gks vU/fo'okl esaA ys[kd lkekftd fpUrd ,oa Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk ds fnYyh izns'k ds iwoZ egklfpo gSaA

mRrjk[k.M dh çkÑfrd&vkink tula[;k foLiQksV ;kuh çkÑfrd lalk/uksa o~ tula[;k dh chp vlarqyu dk gh ifj.kke 32 o"khZ; fcfVZ'k vFkZ'kkL=kh FkkWel ekYFkl us o"kZ 1798 esa $Q(VVD\RQWKH3ULQFLSOHRI3RSXODWLRQ esa tula[;k flU¼kar çfrikfnr fd;k ! ftlesa crk;k fd çÑfr c<rh tula[;k dks vius lalk/uksa ds vuq:i fu;af=kr djrh jgrh gSA tula[;k c<+ksrjh T;kferh; (JHRPHWULFDOO\)rjhds ls c<rh gS tSls& 1] 2] 4] 16] 32] 64] 128] 256 vkfnA Hkkstu o~ vU; çkÑfrd lk/u vadxf.krh; DULWKPHWLFDOO\ rjhds ls A tSls&1] 2] 3] 4] 5] 6] 7] 8] vkfnA blh ls tula[;k] Hkkstu o~ çkÑfrd lk/uksa esa varj xM+cM+k tkrk gS vkSj çÑfr dks mlesa larqyu LFkkfir djuk iM+rk gSA dqN mik;ksa esa tula[;k jksd ij çÑfr&dqnjrh rjhds ls jksd yxkrh gS A Hkw•] egkekjh] vdky] chekjh] çkÑfrd&vkink] ;q¼ tSlh foHkhf"kdk mUgha rjhdksa esa 'kkfey gS A ;s çÑfr dk tul[;k o~ vius lalk/uksa esa larqyu& lkeatL; cukus dk rjhdk gS A vrhr esa gq, vdky] egkekjh] ;q¼] çkÑfrd&vkink ftlesa lqukeh] ck<+] Hkwdai vkfn blds mnkgj.k gSA vHkh gky gh esa vkbZ mrjk•aM & dsnkj ukFk rhFkZ LFkku ij vkbZ vkink ftlesa gtkjksa yksx vdky ezR;q dks çkIr gq, bldk rktk mnkgj.k gS A ;s dsnkjukFk esa tula[;k foLiQksV ;kuh çkÑfrd lalk/uksa o~ tula[;k dh chp vlarqyu dk gh ifj.kke gSA ns'k o~ fons'k esa jkstkuk vkrad dh ?kVuk,a ?kV jgh gS ftlesa lSdM+ksa yksx vle; ekSr dk f'kdkj gks jgsa gS] Hkh tula[;k fo"iQksV dk ifj.kke gS A lek/ku ,d gh gS&tula[;k fo"iQksV ls cpk tk, rkfd çÑfr o~ tula[;k ds chp vlarqyu u iSnk gks o~ le; jgrs çFoh tSls jgus yk;d fdlh vU; x`g dh •kst dh tk,A tula[;k dk ,d LFkku ij dsUæh; dj.k dh txg fodsUæh;dj.k (iyk;u ) gh bldk ,d ek=k gy gSA blls çÑfr dk larqyu cjdjkj jgsxk AvU;Fkk ladqfpr gksrs çÑfr lk/uksa ds dkj.k çÑfr dks FkkWel ekYFkl dh tula[;k dh F;ksjh ij vey djus dks etcwj gksuk iM+sxkA vkSj tc rd çÑfr tula[;k o vius lk/uksa esa larqyu ugha dj ysrh rc rd vle; ] Ñwj ezR;q dk f'kdkj gksuk iM+sxkA vc ns•uk gS çÑfr cqf¼eku gS ;k euq"; \

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk



mĂ&#x2122;kjkâ&#x20AC;˘aM dh =kklnh ij ns'k ds jktusrkvksa ds cgqr ls Ă&#x2018;R; vkSj oĂ&#x2122;kQO; 'keZ ls lj >qdk nsus okys FksA jktusrk ,slk djrs jgs gSa vkSj djrs jgsaxs vkSj mUgsa dHkh 'keZ Hkh ugha vk,xhA 'keZ dks u vkus nsuk mudh jktuhfrd etcwjh gS&,slh etcwjh tks Lo;a mUgksaus lĂ&#x2122;kk ds uaxs yksHk ds pyrs iSnk dh gSA tc bruh Hk;kog =kklnh ij Hkh ,d er] ,d Loj ugha gks ldrs ;s ns'k ds d.kZ/kj rks vkSj dc vkSj fdl eqĂ­s dks ysdj gksaxs\ â&#x20AC;˘Sj jktusrkvksa dk ;g pfj=k Hkkjr esa ftruk loZO;kih gSA mruk gh loZLohĂ&#x2018;r Hkh] blfy, fdlh dks vc dksbZ T;knk gSjkuh ugha gksrhA ysfdu Hkxoku ds ââ&#x20AC;˘Ë&#x153;egkuââ&#x20AC;˘â&#x201E;˘ HkĂ&#x2122;kQksa vkSj çfrfuf/;ksa us D;k fd;k\ mĂ&#x2122;kjkâ&#x20AC;˘aM dh nnZukd phâ&#x20AC;˘sa vHkh Fkeh ugha gS]a txg& txg lM+rh yk'ksa vHkh rd vafre laLdkj dk bartkj dj jgh gSa] gtkjksa ?kjksa esa vc Hkh vius ifjtuksa dh cspkSu çrh{kk gks jgh gS] ekre vkSj ekSr dk lk;k vHkh rd lekIr ugha gqvk gS] exj Hkxoku ds nyky vkSj ,tsaV bl ckr ij rw&rw] eSa&eSa dj jgs gSa fd loZ'kfĂ&#x2122;kQeku] loZO;kih] n;kyq&Ă&#x2018;ikyq Hkxoku dh iwtk dSls 'kq: gksxh] dgka 'kq: gksxh] dkSu 'kq: djk,xkA fdl fof/&fo/ ku ls djk,xk] 'kqfÂźdj.k dSls gksxk vkSj dc vpZuk&vkjrh 'kq: gksxh vkSj dSls /u çnkf;uh HkfĂ&#x2122;kQ xaxk mĂ&#x2122;kjkâ&#x20AC;˘aM esa iqu% çokfgr gksxhA D;k egkfouk'k dh pisV esa vk;s gq, yksxksa dh bgyksdoklh vkRekvksa esa FkksM+h&lh 'kkafr ds iSB tkus rd Hkh bl deZdkaMh ikâ&#x20AC;˘aM ij vYidkyhu fojke rd ugha yxk;k tk ldrk\ ysfdu eq>s jktlĂ&#x2122;kk vkSj /eZlĂ&#x2122;kk ds mu fiiklqvksa ls ;gka dqN ugha

dB?kjs esa Hkxoku dguk] ftuds lrr vkSj dqfRlr ç;klksa ds pyrs gh mĂ&#x2122;kjkâ&#x20AC;˘aM dh ,d lkekU;&lh ifj?kVuk bruh Hk;kog ekuoh; =kklnh esa cny x;hA vxj bUgksaus mĂ&#x2122;kjkâ&#x20AC;˘aM ds igkM+ksa vkSj ufn;ksa esa /ui'kqvksa ds çR;{k gLr{ksi dks bruk vf/d c<+kok ugha fn;k gksrk rks bruk cM+k gkgkdkjh iyz; rkaMo dHkh Hkh ugha gksrkA vkSj ;g ckr mu yksxksa dh le> esa vc rd vk x;h gksxh tks vius yksd&ijyksd dks lq/kjus ds fy, tjk ls cgdkos vkSj iQqlykos ij rhFkkZs dh vksj nkSM+ iM+rs gSaA vc mudks ekywe gks x;k gksxk fd fdlh Hkh /ke esa dksbZ ,slk nsork ugha clrk tks d"V ds dky esa mudh lgk;rk dks nkSM+k vk;s vkSj mUgsa mudh eekZrd ihM+k ls mckj ysA eSaus ekSr ds eqag ls fudydj cgqr ls yksxksa dks dgrs lquk gS fd os vc viuk thou jgrs fdlh Hkh rhFkZ;k=kk ij u rks Lo;a tk,axs vkSj u vius ifjtuksa dks tkus nsaxsA mudh le> esa muds çR;{k vuqHko ls ;gh vk;k gS fd igkM+kas vkSj ogka ds eafnjksa esa dksbZ ,slk nsork mifLFkr ugha gS] tks mudh d#.k iqdkj lqurk vkSj mUgsa ekSr vkSj fouk'k ds Mjkous utkjs ls :& c&: ugha gksus nsrkA ;g vuqHko çlwr le> mu yksxksa esa vk;h gS ftuesa ls fdlh us vius eka&cki dks fdlh us vius HkkbZ&cguksa dks] fdlh us vius cPpksa dks rks fdlh us vius lxs&lacaf/;ksa vkSj laxh&lkfFk;ksa dks viuh vkaâ&#x20AC;˘ksa ds lkeus ekSr ds eqga esa tkrs nsâ&#x20AC;˘rk gSA dqN mu yksxksa esa Hkh vk;h gS ftUgksaus ehfM;k ds ekè;e ls bl =kklnh ds lp dk lk{kkRdkj fd;k gSA ysfdu cp dj vk;s ,sls yksxksa dh Hkh dHkh ugha gS] tks dg jgs gSa fd os Hkxoku dh Ă&#x2018;ik ls gh cpdj vk;s gSaA os lsuk vkSj vU; lgk;rk djus okys vfHkdj.kksa ds cpko dk;Z dks Hkh vius rbZ Hkxoku ds peRdkj ds rkSj ij gh O;k[;kf;r dj jgs gSaA eq>s bUgha vkSj buds tSls ykâ&#x20AC;˘ksa&djksM+ksa yksxksa ls dqN iwNuk gS]

bUgha ls nks&pkj loky djus gSAa vxj vkidks Hkxoku us ekSr ds eqag ls fudkyk rks vkidks ekSr ds eqag rd igqapk;k fdlus Fkk\ vki cpdj vk x;s ysfdu tks ekSr ds eqga esa lek x;s mUgsa ekSr ds eqag esa /dsyk fdlus\ vkidh rjg Hkxoku us mUgsa D;ksa ugha cpk;k\ vkfâ&#x20AC;˘j os yksx Hkh rks vkidh rjg gh rhFkZ;k=kk ij x;s FksA os Hkh rks Hkxoku ds njckj esa eRFkk Vsdus x;s Fks] os Hkh rks pkj /keksa dh ;k=kk dk iq.; cVksjus x;s FksA fiQj Hkxoku us muds lkFk ,slk D;ksa fd;k\ loZ'kfĂ&#x2122;kQeku] loZO;kih Hkxoku mUgsa D;ksa ugha cpk ldk\ vxj Hkxoku vius HkĂ&#x2122;kQksa ij n;k fnâ&#x20AC;˘krk gS rks fiQj mlus bu yksxksa ij n;k D;ksa ugha dh\ gks ldrk gS] buds iki T;knk gksa] exj n;kyq Hkxoku rks iki fouk'kd gSA Hkxoku ds uqekbans rks pkjksa rjiQ ?kwe&?kwe dj ;gh ?kks"k.kk dj jgs Fks fd pkj /keksa dh ;k=kk ls lkjs iki u"V gks tkrs gSa] fiQj buds iki u"V D;ksa ugha gq,\ D;k Hkxoku bruk Ă&#x2DC;wj gS fd viuh 'kj.k esa vk;s gq, yksxksa dks gh bruh Hk;kud ekSr ns fd mudh yk'kksa rd dk irk ugha yxs] mUgsa ;k rks Fkypj viuk fuokyk cuk ysa ;k fiQj typjA tks buls cp tk,a os lM+&xy dj lekIr gksa] vkSj mUgsa tykus okys Hkh eqag ij idM+k jâ&#x20AC;˘us dks foo'k gks tk,A vkfâ&#x20AC;˘j D;ksa gqvk ,slk\ dgha ,slk rks ugha fd rhFkZ;kf=k;ksa dh iq.; dkeuk gh mudk lcls cM+k iki Fkh ftldh mUgsa bruh ohHkRl ltk Hkqxruh iM+h\ mĂ&#x2122;kjkâ&#x20AC;˘aM dh orZeku =kklnh us lh/ s&lh/s Hkxoku vkSj mlds nsg/kjh dkfjanksa dks dV?kjs esa â&#x20AC;˘M+k dj fn;k gSA vkLFkk vkSj rhFkZ dh fu"iQyrk dks m/kM+ dj jâ&#x20AC;˘ fn;k gSA de&vt&de vc yksxksa dh vkaâ&#x20AC;˘sa â&#x20AC;˘qy tkuh pkfg, vkSj mudh le> esa vk tkuk pkfg, fd Hkxoku ds uke ij <ksax vkSj ikâ&#x20AC;˘aM dk fdruk fouk'kdkjh dkjksckj pyk;k tk jgk gSA bl dkjksckj dks jksds fcuk =kklfn;ka ugha jksdh tk ldsaxhA lkHkkj&jk"VÂŞh; lgkjk] ys[kd&foHkka'kq fnO;ky


lcd ysa /eZ ds uke ij /a/k pykus okys

# MkW-

nhid vkpk;Z

/eZ vkSj vè;kRe os ekxZ gSa tks lalkj dh ;k=kkvksa dh ifjiw.kZrk vFkok lkalkfjdrk ls oSjkX; vFkok vuklÙkQ thou ls tqM+s gSa vkSj bu jkLrksa ij pyus okys yksxksa dks v/ eZ] vukpkj vkfn lc dqN NksM+ NqM+k dj bl ekxZ dh vksj vkuk pkfg, rHkh os liQy gks ikrs gSaA lnkpkj] 'kqfprk] bZ'oj ds çfr vxk/ vkLFkk ,oa vuU; J¼k Hkko ds lkFk gh ekuoh; thou ds fy, vkn'kZ ewY;ksa vkSj uSfrdrkvksa dk voyacu t:jh gh ugha cfYd budh ifjiDork furkUr vko';d gSA /eZ ,oa vè;kRe ds fy, ekuoh;rk dh cqfu;kn dk etcwr vkSj vHks| gksuk t:jh gS vkSj ;gha ls 'kq: gksrh gS /eZ vkSj vè;kRe dh ;k=kkA ysfdu ekStnw k le; esa / eZ ds eeZ ls vufHkK yksxksa us /eZ dks thou esa Hkksx&foykflrk vkSj /ulaxzg ds lkFk gh cgq:fi;k /a/ksa ds :i esa çpkfjr vkSj fodflr dj j•k gS vkSj blh dkj.k /eZ ds ewy rRo vkSj eeZ iyk;u djrs tk jgs gSa vkSj budk LFkku ys jgk gS fjyhft;l fctuSlA /eZ ds uke ij gj dgha /a/ksa dk tksj gSA dHkh iwtk&ikB] nku&nf{k.kk vkSj iq.; ds uke ij] dHkh nsoh&nsorkvksa ds uke ij rFkk dHkh va/fo'oklksa rFkk fdlh vkSj cgkusA gj rjiQ dgha O;fÙkQxr rkSj ij /eZ ds uke ij /a/s py jgs gSaA dHkh lkewfgd] laxBu ds uke ij] laLFkkvksa] VªLVksa] dgha fxjkgksa vkSj fdUgha vkSj ukeksa lsA xkao] <kf.k;ks]a dLcksa] 'kgjksa vkSj egkuxjksa ls ysdj rhFkZ LFkyksa rd /eZ ds uke ij /a/ksa dh cgkj Nk;h gqbZ gSA

dbZ fdLeksa ds yksx bu lHkh txgksa ij iljs gq, gSAa buesa lokZf/d fupys Lrj ij tks yksx gSa os fHk•kjh gSa tks gtkjksa&yk•ksa dh la[;k esa fopj.k dj jgs gSa vFkok efUnjksa ds ckgj ;k bnZ&fxnZ Msjk tek;s gq, gSaA bu yksxksa dks ;g Hkze gS fd mUgsa nku&nf{k.kk nsdj gh Hkxoku ;k iq.; dks ik;k tk ldrk gS vkSj tks ,slk ugha djrs gSa os Hkxoku dh utjksa esa fxj tk;k djrs gSa vkSj mUgsa LoxZ çkIr ugha gks ikrk gSA bruh cM+h la[;k esa fHk•kfj;ksa dks nku&nf{k.kk nsus okys ge yksx LoxZ ;k bZ'oj dks ikus dh dkeuk esa ns'k dh cgqr cM+h tula[;k dks dkepksj vkSj gjke•ksj cuk jgs gSa tcfd bl ekuo {kerk dk mi;ksx tu dY;k.k vkSj fodkl ds dbZ vk;keksa esa fd;k tk ldrk gSA blls gekjs ns'k dh Nfo •jkc gks jgh gS lks vyxA dbZ txg rks ;s fHk•kjh yidksa dh Hkwfedk esa vkØked vkSj ijkØeh gks tkrs gSaA fnu ds mtkys esa Hkxoku ds uke ij Hkh• ekaxus okys fHk•kfj;ksa esa dkiQh ?ls gSa tks jkr ds va/js s esa os lkjs dke djrs gSa tks dkys o vklqjh dkjukeksa dh Js.kh esa vkrs gSaA tc fdlh dks fcuk dqN fd, lc dqN fey tk, rks og vkf•jdkj esgur D;ksa djsxkA fiQj vius ;gka /eZ ds uke ij fHk•kfj;ksa dks ikyus okys vkSj yqVkus okyksa dh dksbZ deh FkksM+s gh gSA ;s yksx fdlh t:jreUn dks dqN nsuk gks rks iYyk >kM+ ysxa s vkSj fcnd tk,axs ysfdu /eZ ds uke ij fHk•kfj;ksa dks nsus esa iwjh J¼k m.Msy nsaxsA /eZ ds uke ij ,d vkSj fdLe ds yksxksa dk tekoM+k gS ftuesa fdle&fdle ds ckck vkrs gSaA buesa dqN v•kM+ksa] efUnjksa vkSj çfrf"Br ckckvksa] egke.Mys'ojksa] egarksa] lar&egkRekvksa vkSj lPps lk/qvksa dks NksM+ fn;k tk, rks dkiQh yksxksa dh HkhM+ ?lh gS ftldk edln gh J¼kyqvksa dh tsc •kyh djuk] efUnjksa vkSj Hkxoku ds uke ij yksxksa dks ywVuk jg x;k gSA ,sls yksx dHkh T;ksfr"k] Hkfo";n'kZu] LoxZ çkfIr] dkeukvksa dh iwfrZ vkSj yksxksa dh bPNkvksa ds uke ij xqejkg

djrs gq, D;k dqN ugha dj xqtj jgs gSa] ;g fdlh dks crkus dh t:jr ugha gSA lalkj dks R;kx cSBs ckckcksa dk laca/ bZ'oj ls gksuk pkfg, u fd ,lh :El] Vhoh] jsfM;ks] dEI;wVj] baVjusV vkSj #i;ks&a iSlksa vFkok ?'kks&vkjke Hkjs Hkksx&foykflrk Hkjs lalk/uksa lsA bu yksxksa dks Hkxoku ls eryc gksuk pkfg,A vlyh lar rks lalkj ls nwj jgrs gSa vkSj iSlksa dks gkFk rd ugha yxkrs] vkSj phtksa dh ckr rks nwj gSA /eZ ds uke ij /a/ksa esa jeh rhljh çtkfr gS /eZ'kkykvksa] gksVyksa] jsLVksjsaV~l vkSj nqdkus pykus okyksa dhA bu yksxksa dks J¼k ;k Jènkyqvksa ls dgha T;knk fiQdj vius /a/ksa vkSj equkiQs dh gSA tks J¼kyq iwjh J¼k ds lkFk vkrk gS og pkgrk gS fd mls Hkh J¼k vkSj vkLFkk dk Hkjk&iwjk ekgkSy feysA ysfdu Hkxoku ds /keksa ij ,slk ns•us esa ugha vkrk cfYd gj rjiQ yxrk gS fd tSls gj vkneh nqdku gks x;k gS vkSj J¼k rhFkks± ij vknfe;ksa dh ctk; eq¡g cksyrh vkSj pyrh&fiQjrh nqdkuksa dk Msjk gSa tks fliQZ vkSj fliQZ viuh dek;h ds fy, fpafrr gSA ,sls /a/cs ktksa dks u J¼k ls dksbZ eryc gS] u Hkxoku ;k J¼kyqvksa lsA ,d vkSj vfHktkR; fdLe gS tks rhFkks± vkSj rhFkZ {ks=kksa esa ,dkfUrd Hkksx&foykl ds fy, vkrh jgh gSA bu lHkh fdLeksa ds fnXn'kZu mÙkjk•.M dh okfn;ksa esa gksus yxs Fks vkSj iki bruk c<+ x;k Fkk fd Hkxoku dsnkj vkSj xaxk dks u pkgrs gq, Hkh /jrh dk Hkkj de djus ds fy, egkçy; vkSj rk.Mo djuk iM+kA mÙkjk•.M dh vkink mu lHkh yksxksa ds fy, egk lcd gS tks /eZ dks /a/k ekurs gSa vkSj •qn dks /eZ dk BsdsnkjA /eZ dks / eZ gh jgus nsa /a/k u cuk,aA ojuk rS;kj jgsa Hkqxrus dksA vkf•j fu;fr dh Hkh viuh dksbZ lhek gksrh gSA çÑfr ds fo:¼ deks± dh tc vfr gks tkrh gS rc fo/krk Hkh fouk'k dks jksd ugha ikrk gSA nq%• rks bl ckr dk gS fd /eZ ds /a/scktksa ds ikiksa ds dkj.k fujhg J¼kyqvksa dh cfy p<+ xbZA

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

foe'kZ

ukfLrdksa dh c<+rh la[;k

A

Hkkjr ;k vU; ns'kksa esa ukfLrd c<+ jgs gSa] rks bl fLFkfr dks vFkok ukfLrdksa dks cqjh utj ls ns•us dh t#jr ugha gSA D;ksafd ukfLrd n"kZu ;k ukfLrd O;fÙkQ ijyksd dh vykSfdd O;fÙkQ;ksa ls dgha T;knk blh yksd dks egRo nsrk gSA deZdk.M ls nwj jgrk gSA ysfdu bl n'kZu esa mUeqÙkQ Hkksx dh tks ifjdYiuk gSa] og lkekftd O;ogkj ds vuqdwy ugha gSA



#

izeksn HkkxoZ

Hkxoku dks ekuus vkSj u ekuus okyksa dk Hkh ,d fo'oLrjh; loZs gqvk gSA bl lwpdkad ds vuqlkj fo'o esa ukfLrdksa dk vkSlr 13 çfr'kr gSA 57 ns'kksa ds 51 gtkj yksxksa ls dh xbZ ckrphr ds vk/kj ij ukfLrdksa dh lcls T;knk 50 çfr'kr la[;k phu esa gSA çR;sd ns'k esa yxHkx 1000 L=kh&iq#"kksa ls ckr dh xbZ gSA Hkkjr esa Hkh ukfLrdksa dh la[;k c<+h gSA blds myV ikfdLrku esa vkfLrdksa dh la[;k 6 çfr'kr c<+h gSA ysfdu vjcksa dh vkcknh okys ns'kksa esa egt ,d gtkj yksxksa dh ckrphr ds vk/kj ij ,dk,d ;g dSls eku fy;k tk, fd bu ns'kksa esa ukfLrdksa vFkok vkfLrdksa dh la[;k ifjofrZr gks jgh gS \ vkfLrd vkSj ukfLrdokn ds rktk lwpdkad ds eqrkfcd bl rjg ds 2005 esa gq, loZs esa 87 çfr"kr Hkkjrh;ksa us crk;k Fkk

fd os /kfeZd gSa vkSj bZ'oj esa fo'okl j•rs gSaA fdarq 2013 esa ;g la[;k 6 çfr'kr ?kV dj 81 çfr"kr jg xbZA elyu 19 çfr'kr yksxksa dk Hkxoku ls Hkjkslk mB x;k gSA nqfu;k esa ukfLrdksa dk vkSlr vkadM+k 2005 esa pkj iQhlnh Fkk] tks fxjdj vc rhu çfr'kr ij vk x;k gSA iksi Úkafll ds ns'k vtZVas huk esa •qn dks /kfeZd dgus okyksa dh la[;k vkB çfr'kr de gqbZ gSA blh rjg •qn dks /kfeZd crkus okyksa dh la[;k esa nf{k.k vÚhdk esa 19] vesfjdk esa 13 fLoVtjySMa vkSj Úkal esa 21 rFkk fo;ruke esa 23 çfr'kr dh fxjkoV vkbZ gSA ukfLrd vFkok vkfLrdksa dh la[;k ?kVus&c<+us ls ns"kksa dh lkaLÑfrd vfLerkvksa ij dksbZ T;knk iQdZ iM+us okyk ugha gSA D;ksfa d orZeku ifjn`'; esa nqfu;k dh gdhdr ;g gS fd lfg"k.kq f'k{kk ds foLrkj vkSj vk/qfudrk ds ckotwn /kfeZd dêðjiu c<+ jgk gSA /kfeZd Lora=krk ij geys gks jgs gSaA

;g dêðjrk bLykfed ns'kksa esa dqN T;knk gh ns•us esa vk jgh gSaA dêðjiaFkh rkdrsa vius /eZ dks gh loZJs'B ekudj fHkUu / ekZoyafc;ksa dks nckdj /eZ ifjorZu rd ds fy, etcwj djrh jgh gSaA ikfdLrku vkSj ckaXykns'k esa vYila[;d fganqvksa ds lkFk ;gh gks jgk gSA d'ehj {ks=k esa eqfLyeksa dk tula[;kRed ?kuRo c<+ tkus ls djhc lk<s?&pkj yk• d'ehjh fganqvksa dks vius iq'rSuh ?kjksa ls •nsM+ fn;k x;kA ikfdLrku esa gkykr brus cn~rj gSa fd ogka mnkjrk] lfg"k.kqrk vkSj vlgefr;ksa dh vkoktksa dks dêðjiaFk rkdrsa ges'kk ds fy, can dj nsrh gSaA ;gka ds egtch dêðjiafFk;ksa us dqN lky igys vYila[;d ekeyksa ds dsaæh; ea=kh 'kgckt Hkêðh dks ikfdLrku ds fooknkLin bZ'kfuank dkuwu esa cnyko dh ekax djus ij ekSr ds ?kkV mrkj fn;k FkkA 'kgckt Hkêðh dSFkksfyd bZlkbZ FksA ;g lh/s&lh/s vfHkO;fÙkQ dh vktknh ij


geyk FkkA tujy ft;k my gd dh gqdew r ds le; cus bl vekuoh; dkuwu ds rgr dqjvku 'kjhiQ] etgc&,&bLyke vkSj iSxa cj gtjr eksgEen o vU; /kfeZd 'kfÙkQ;ksa ds ckjs esa dksbZ Hkh foijhr fVIi.kh djus ij ekSr dh ltk lqukbZ tk ldrh gSA ikap cPpksa dh 45 o"khZ; eka vflek chch dks bl dBksj dkuwu ds rgr ekSr dh ltk gqbZ Hkh FkhA eykyk ;wlqiQ ij rks egt blfy, vkradoknh geyk gqvk Fkk] D;ksfa d og L=kh f'k{kk dh eqfge pyk jgh FkhA bZ'kfuank dkuwu dk lcls T;knk f'kdkj vYila[;d bZlkbZ gksrs gSaA njvly] /ekZa/ rkdrksa us bZ'kfuank dkuwu dks mnkjokfn;ksa dks fuiVkus dk gfFk;kj cuk fy;k gSA ,slh otgksa ds pyrs ;gka vgefn;k vkSj f'k;k – lqUuh eqlyekuksa ds chp fookn pyrk jgrk gSA viQxkfuLrku ds dckbyh bykdksa esa dêðjiaFkh rkfycku vYila[;d fl•ksa dks Hk;Hkhr djrk jgrk gSA rkfyckfu;ksa us rksiksa ls ckfe;ku dh pêðuksa ij mdsjh xbZa ckS¼ çfrekvksa dks mM+k fn;k FkkA ;gka f'k;kvksa dh efLtnksa vkSj ihj&iQdhjksa dh etkjksa ij Hkh geys gksrs jgrs gSaA tkfgj gS] ;fn ikfdLrku esa vkfLrdksa dh la[;k c<+ jgh gS rks mldh ,d otg bZ'kfuank dkuwu dk eukSoSKkfud çHkko Hkh gSA phu esa 50 çfr'kr ukxfjdksa dk ukfLrd gksuk bl ckr dh rlnhd gS fd ukfLrdkrk dksbZ xqukg ugha gSA D;ksafd phu yxkrkj çxfr dj jgk gSA ogka dh vkfFkZd vkSj vkS|ksfxd fodkl njsa mapkb;ksa ij gSAa vesfjdk ds ckn vc phu gh nqfu;k dh cM+h egk'kfÙkQ gSA tkfgj gS ;fn ukfLrd gksus ds ckotwn fdlh ns'k ds ukxfjd bZekunkj vkSj drZO;fu"B gSa rks ;g ukfLrdrk ns'k ds jk"Vªh; fgrksa ds fy, ykHkdkjh gh gSA ckotwn phu esa uLyHksn pje ij gSA frCcfr;ksa ds lkFk vekuoh; vR;kpkjksa dk flyflyk tkjh gSA phu frCcrh bykdksa esa cM+h la[;k esa lsuk Hkstdj uLy cnyus ds mik;ksa esa yxk gSA ;fn fodflr ns'kksa dh ckr djsa rks ogka dsoy vkfFkZd vkSj HkkSfrd laiUurk dks gh fodkl dk ewy vk/kj

ekuk tk jgk gSA tcfd fodkl dk vk/kj pgqaeq•h gksuk pkfg,A lkekftd] /kfeZd vkSj 'kSf{kd Lrj ij Hkh O;fÙkQ dh ekufldrk fodflr gksuh pkfg,A if"peh ns'kksa esa vesfjdk] fczVsu vkSj vkWLVsfy;k fodflr ns'k gSa] fdarq ukfLrdksa dh la[;k c<+us ds ckotwn] ;gka jaxHksn vkSj /eZHksn ds vk/kj ij oSeUL;rk c<+ jgh gSA vesfjdk vkSj fczVsu esa Hkkjrh; fl•ksa ij geys gks jgs gSa] tcfd vkWLVsfy;k esa mPp f'k{kk ysus x, Hkkjrh; vkSj ikfdLrkuh Nk=kksa esa geyksa dh ?kVuk,a lkeus vkbZ gSaA /eZ vkSj uLy ds ,sls loky gSa] tks tUetkr laLdkjksa vkSj Hkkoukvksa ls tqM+s gksrs gSaA bu elyksa ij lHkh /eZsa ds yksxksa dh Hkkoukvksa dk lEeku gksuk gh pkfg,A dqN le; igys /kfeZsd Lora=krk ij fuxjkuh j•us okyh varjjk"Vªh; lfefr ds ,d vè;;u dh fjiksVZ vkbZ FkhA bl fjiksVZ esa ekuk x;k Fkk fd /kfeZd Lora=krk ds ekeys esa vis{kkÑr Hkkjr vCcy gSA D;ksfa d ;gka ds yksx mnkj gSaA lHkh vYila[;d leqnk;ksa ds yksx fcuk fdlh Hk; ds vius /eZ dk ikyu dj ldrs gSaA mudh /kfeZd Lora=krk ij fdlh Hkh fd'e dh dkuwuh ikcanh ugha gSA gkykafd vioknLo#i /eZ ds uke ij naxs gks tkrs gSa] ysfdu budh i`"BHkwfe esa /kfeZd Lora=krk dks nckus dk mís'; ugha gksrkA Hkkjr dh /eZfujis{krk ls nqfu;k lh• ys ldrh gS] tgka cgq/ehZ] cgq l a L Ñfr vkS j cgq tkrh; lekt viuh&viuh lkaLÑfrd fojklrksa dks lk>k djrs gq, lkFk jg jgs gSaA njvly bldk ewy dkj.k ;g gS fd Hkkjrh; n'kZu ds bfrgkl esa HkkSfrdokn vkSj vkn'kZokn nks ijLij fojks/h fopkj/kjk,a ,d lkFk pyh gSaA pkokZd ukfLrd n'kZu dk çcy ç.ksrk FkkA pkokZd us ckSf¼d fodkl ds u, jkLrs •ksyAs mlus vuh'ojokn cuke çR;{kokn dks egÙkk nhA pkokZd us gh eqLrSnh ls dgk fd i`Foh] ty] vfXu vkSj ok;q ds vn~Hkqr leUo; o la;ksx ls gh euq'; o vU; tho rFkk ouLifr;ka vfLrRo esa vk, gSaA thoksa esa psruk bUgha ekSfyd

rRoksa ds ijLij la;ksx ls çfrØ;k Lo#i mRiUu gqbZ gSA foKku Hkh ekurk gS fd lai.w kZ l`f"V vkSj muds vusd #iksa ls mRiUu mtkZ dk gh çfriQy gSA tho/kfj;ksa dh jpuk esa vHkkSfrd lÙkk dh dksbZ Hkwfedk ugha gSA psrukghu inkFkks± ls gh fofp=k o tfVy çk.kh txr dh jpuk laHko gqbZA pkokZd ds fl¼kar dks gh fczfV"k oSKkfud LVhiQu gkWfdax us ekU;rk nh gSA gkWfdax us dgk gS fd bZ'oj us czgekaM dh jpuk ugha dh gSA bls le>us ds fy, mUgksua s egke'khu ^fcx&cSax* esa egkfoLiQksV Hkh fd;k FkkA blds tfj, mUgksaus czgEekM dh mRifÙk ds lanHkZ esa HkkSfrd foKku ds xq#Rokd'kZ.k fl¼kar dks ekU;rk nh gSA bl fl¼kar ds vuqlkj yxHkx ckjg ls pkSng vjc o"kZ igys lai.w kZ czgEekM ,d ijek.kfod bdkbZ ds #i esa FkkA blls igys D;k Fkk] ;g dksbZ ugha tkurkA D;ksafd ml le; ekuoh; le; vkSj LFkku tSlh dksbZ oLrq vfLrRo esa ugha Fkha] leLr HkkSfrd inkFkZ vkSj mtkZ ,d fcanq esa fleVs FksA fiQj bl fcanq us iQSykuk 'kq# fd;kA urhtru vkjafHkd czgEekaM ds d.k] lewps varfj{k esa iQSy x, vkSj ,d&nwljs nwj Hkkxus yxsA ;g mtkZ bruh vf/d Fkh fd vkt rd czgEekaM foLr`r gks jgk gSA lkjh HkkSfrd ekU;rk,a bl ,d ?kVuk ls ifjHkkf"kr gksrh gSa] ftls fcx&cSax fl¼kar dgrs gSaA n'kZu ds fofHkUu erksa ds gh dkj.k Hkkjr esa Hkxoku dks ugha ekuuk vijk/ ugha ekuk x;kA bl dkj.k ls fdlh dks iQkalh ugha nh xbZA tSlk fd ikfdLrku vkSj vU; bLykfed ns"kksa esa ns•us esa vkrk jgrk gSA blfy, Hkkjr ;k vU; ns'kksa esa ukfLrd c<+ jgs gS]a rks bl fLFkfr dks vFkok ukfLrdksa dks cqjh utj ls ns•us dh t#jr ugha gSA D;ksafd ukfLrd n"kZu ;k ukfLrd O;fÙkQ ijyksd dh vykSfdd "kfÙkQ;ksa ls dgha T;knk blh yksd dks egRo nsrk gSA deZdk.M ls nwj jgrk gSA ysfdu bl n'kZu esa mUeqÙkQ Hkksx dh tks ifjdYiuk gS]a og lkekftd O;ogkj ds vuqdwy ugha gSA (izoDrk)

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

foe'kZ




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

lekt

Mkú vEcsMdj us nfer vkUnksyu dks nh ubZ fn'kk

A

;g ,d lPpkbZ gS fd Mk0 vEcsMdj vkthou czkã.koknh O;oLFkk ds fo:¼ la?k"kZ djrs jgs ,oa viuksa dks blds çfr lpsr Hkh djrs jgsA ,sls esa czkã.koknh O;oLFkk ds iks"kdksa }kjk Mk0 vEcsMdj dks gkbtSd djds vius eapksa ij LFkku nsuk o vius leFkZu esa m¼`r djuk n'kkZrk gS fd Mk0 vEcsMdj okdbZ ,d lkekftd ØkfUr ds vxznwr jgs gSA



# jke f'ko ewfrZ ;kno Mk0 Hkhejko vEcsMdj ,d ,sls ;qxiq:"k Fks ftUgksaus lekt esa fiNM+ksa] nfyrksa vkSj 'kksf"krksa dh ewdrk dks vkokt nhA cpiu ls gh Mk0 vEcsMdj us tkfrokn dh vkM+ esa iQSyk, tk jgs tgj dks eglwl fd;k vkSj ml tgj dks lekt ls m•kM+ iQsadus dh lksphA ,d ,sls le; esa tc nfyrksa dks ns•rs gh yksx vifo=k gks tkus ds Hk; ls jkLrk cny ysrs Fks] Mk0 vEcsMdj us ml nkSjku cSfjLVjh ikl dj reke vk;ksxksa ds lkeus nfyr oxZ dk çfrfuf/Ro fd;kA os xk¡/h th ds ^gfjtu* 'kCn ls uiQjr djrs Fks D;ksafd nfyrksa dh fLFkfr lq/kjs fcuk /eZ dh pk'kuh esa mUgsa bZ'oj ds cUns dgdj ewy leL;kvksa dh vksj ls è;ku eksM+us dk xk¡/h th dk ;g ukikd uqL•k mUgsa dHkh ugha Hkk;kA mUgksaus xk¡/h th ds bl dne ij loky Hkh mBk;k fd& "fliQZ vNwr ;k 'kwæ ;k vo.kZ gh gfjtu gq,] vU; o.kks± ds yksx gfjtu D;ksa ugha gq,\ D;k vNwr gfjtu ?kksf"kr djus ls vNwr ugha jgsxk\ D;k eSyk ugha mBk;sxk\ D;k >kM+w ugha yxk,xk\ D;k vU; o.kZ okys mls xys yxk ysaxs\ D;k fgUnw lekt mls lo.kZ eku ysxk\ D;k mls lkekftd lerk dk vf/dkj fey tk;sxk\ gfjtu rks lHkh

gSa] ysfdu xk¡/h us gfjtu dks Hkh Hkaxh cuk MkykA D;k fdlh lo.kZ us vNwrksa dks gfjtu ekuk\ lHkh us Hkaxh] esgrj ekukA ftl çdkj dksbZ jk"Vª viuh Lok/hurk •ksdj /U;okn ugha ns ldrk] dksbZ ukjh viuk 'khy Hkax gksus ij /U;okn ugha nsrh fiQj vNwr dSls dsoy uke ds fy, gfjtu dgykus ij xk¡/h dks / U;okn dj ldrk gSA ;g lkspuk iQjsc gS fd vksl dh cw¡nksa ls fdlh dh I;kl cq> ldrh gSA** oLrqr% Mkú vEcsMdj ;g vPNh rjg le>rs Fks fd tkfr O;oLFkk gh Hkkjr esa lHkh dqjhfr;ksa dh tM+ gS ,oa fcuk blds mUewyu ds ns'k vkSj lekt dk lrr~ fodkl lEHko ughaA ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd tgk¡ nfyrksa ds m¼kj dk nEHk Hkjus okys reke yksxksa dk çFke ,ts.Mk vkSifuosf'kd lkezkT;'kkgh ds f•ykiQ ;q¼ jgk vkSj mudh ekU;rk Fkh fd Lora=krk i'pkr dkuwu cukdj u dsoy NqvkNwr dks •Re fd;k tk ldrk gS vfirq nfyrksa dks dkuwuh rkSj ij vf/dkj nsdj mUgsa vkxs Hkh c<+k;k tk ldrk gS ij Mk0 vEcsMdj bu lo.kZ usrkvksa dh ckrksa ij fo'okl ugha djrs Fks oju~ nfyrksa dk lkekftd vkSj jktuSfrd O;oLFkk esa rRdky leqfpr çfrfuf/Ro lqfuf'pr djuk pkgrs FksA muds ç;klksa ds

ifj.kke&Lo:i gh o"kZ 1919 ds vf/fu;e esa igyh ckj nfyr tkfr;ksa ds LorU=k vfLrRo dks Lohdkjrs gq;s xouZj tujy }kjk dsUæh; /kjk lHkk ds ukfer 14 uku&vkfiQf'k;y lnL;ksa esa ,d nfyr ds uke dk Hkh lekos'k fd;k x;kA blh çdkj lsUVªy çkfoUlsat ls çkUrh; lHkkvksa esa Hkh pkj nfyrksa dks çfrfuf/ Ro fn;k x;kA bls Mk0 vEcsMdj dh çFke thr ekuk tk ldrk gSA Mk0 vEcsMdj dk Li"V ekuuk Fkk fd O;kid vFkks± esa fgUnqRo dh j{kk rHkh lEHko gS tc czkã.kokn dk •kRek dj fn;k tk;] D;ksfa d czkã.kokn dh vkM+ esa gh yksdrka=kfd ewY;ksa&lerk] Lora=krk vkSj cU/qRo dk xyk ?kksaVk tk jgk gSA vius ,d ys• ^fgUnw ,.M ok.V vkiQ ifCyd dkall* esa Mk0 vEcsMdj fy•rs gSa fd& ^^nwljs ns'kksa esa tkfr dh O;oLFkk lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd dlkSfV;ksa ij fVdh gqbZ gSA xqykeh vkSj neu dks /kfeZd vk/kj ugha çnku fd;k x;k gS] fdUrq fgUnw / eZ esa NqvkNwr ds :i esa mRiUu xqykeh dks / kfeZd LohÑfr çkIr gSA ,sls esa xqykeh •Re Hkh gks tk;s rks NqvkNwr ugha •Re gksxkA ;g rHkh •Re gksxk tc lexz fgUnw lkekftd O;oLFkk fo'ks"kdj tkfr O;oLFkk dks HkLe dj fn;k tk;sA çR;sd laLFkk dks dksb&Z u&dksbZ


/kfeZd LohÑfr feyh gqbZ gS vkSj bl çdkj og ,d ifo=k O;oLFkk cu tkrh gSA ;g LFkkfir O;oLFkk ek=k blfy, py jgh gS D;ksafd mls lo.kZ vf/dkfj;ksa dk ojngLr çkIr gSA mudk fl¼kUr lHkh dks leku U;k; dk forj.k ugha gS vfirq LFkkfir ekU;rk ds vuqlkj U;k; forj.k gSA** ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd 1935 esa ukfld esa vk;ksftr ,d lEeysu esa Mk0 vEcsMdj us fgUnw /eZ dks R;kx nsus dh ?kks"k.kk dj nhA vius lEcks/u esa mUgksaus dgk fd& ^^lHkh /eks± dk fudV ls vè;;u djus ds i'pkr fgUnw /eZ esa mudh vkLFkk lekIr gks xbZA og /eZ] tks vius esa vkLFkk j•us okys nks O;fÙkQ;ksa esa HksnHkko djs rFkk vius djksM+ksa leFkZdksa dks dqÙks vkSj vijk/h ls cn~rj le>s] vius gh vuq;kf;;ksa dks ?k`f.kr thou O;rhr djus ds fy, etcwj djs] og /eZ ugha gSA /eZ rks vkè;kfRed 'kfÙkQ gS tks O;fÙkQ vkSj dky ls Åij mBdj fujUrj Hkko ls lHkh ij] lHkh uLyksa vkSj ns'kksa esa 'kk"or :i ls ,d tSlk jek jgsA /eZ fu;eksa ij ugha] oju~ fl¼kUrksa ij vk/kfjr gksuk pkfg;sA** ;gk¡ Li"V djuk t:jh gS fd Mk0 vEcsMdj us vkf•j ckS¼ /eZ gh D;ksa pquk\ oLrqr% ;g ,d fookfnr rF; Hkh jgk gS fd D;k thou ds fy, /eZ t:jh gS\ Mk0 vEcsMdj us /eZ dks O;kid ifjçs{; esa ns•k FkkA mudk ekuuk Fkk fd /eZ dk rkfÙod vk/kj tks Hkh gks] uSfrd fl¼kUr vkSj lkekftd O;ogkj gh mldh lgh uhao gksrs gSaA ;|fi ckS¼ /eZ viukus ls iwoZ mUgksaus bLyke vkSj bZlkbZ /eZ esa Hkh lEHkkoukvksa dks VVksyk ij vUrr% mUgksaus ckS¼ /eZ dks gh viuk;k D;ksafd ;g ,d ,slk /eZ gS tks ekuo dks ekuo ds :i esa ns•rk gS fdlh tkfr ds •k¡ps esa ughaA ,d ,slk /eZ tks /Ee vFkkZr uSfrd vk/kjksa ij voyfEcr gS u fd fdUgha ikSjkf.kd ekU;rkvksa vkSj vU/fo'okl ijA Mk0 vEcsMdj ckS¼ /eZ ds ^vkRenhiksHko* ls dkiQh çHkkfor Fks vkSj nfyrksa o vNwrksa dh çxfr ds fy;s bls t:jh le>rs FksA Mk0 vEcsMdj bl rF; dks HkyhHkkafr tkurs Fks fd lo.kks± ds opZLo okyh bl O;oLFkk esa dksbZ Hkh ckr vklkuh ls ugha Lohdkjh tkrh oju~ mlds fy, dkiQh ncko cukuk iM+rk gSA Lo;a Hkkjr ds çFke ç/kuea=kh iaú tokgjyky usg: us Mk0

vEcsMdj ds fu/u i'pkr mUgsa J¼katfy nsrs gq, dgk Fkk fd &^^Mk0 vEcsMdj gekjs lafo/ku fuekZrkvksa esa ls ,d FksA bl ckr esa dksbZ lansg ugha fd lafo/ku dks cukus esa mUgksaus ftruk d"V mBk;k vkSj è;ku fn;k mruk fdlh vU; us ugha fn;kA os fgUnw lekt ds lHkh neukRed ladsrksa ds fo:¼ foæksg ds çrhd FksA cgqr ekeyksa esa muds tcjnLr ncko cukus rFkk etcwr fojks/ •M+k djus ls ge etcwju mu phtksa ds çfr tkx:d vkSj lko/ku gks tkrs Fks rFkk lfn;ksa ls nfer oxZ dh mUufr ds fy;s rS;kj gks tkrs FksA** ;gk¡ ij mijksÙkQ lHkh ckrksa dks n'kkZus dk rkRi;Z ek=k bruk gS fd Mk0 vEcsMdj lekt dh :f<+oknh fopkj/kjk ,oa czkã.kokn dks dHkh Hkh Lohdkj ugha dj ik;s vkSj muds fopkj iqat Hkh dgha czkã.koknh O;oLFkk dk leFkZu djrs utj ugha vkrsA ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd Mk0 vEcsMdj ds fu/u i'pkr czkã.koknh O;oLFkk ds i{k/j usrkvksa] fopkjdksa] lkfgR;dkjksa vkSj bfrgkldkjksa us tkucw>dj mUgsa bl dnj Hkqyk fn;k fd tSls os dksbZ egRoiw.kZ O;fÙkQ ugha FksA blds foijhr f}toknh usr`Ro dks c<+k&p<+kdj mHkkjk x;k] tSls os bZ'oj ds vorkj gksaA ;g f}tokfn;ksa dh ekufld csbZekuh gh dgh tk;sxhA dqN yksxksa us rks Mk0 vEcsMdj ds lkfgR; dks U;k;ky; esa ?klhVdj mls çfrcaf/r djkus dk ç;kl Hkh fd;kA bu lc ds ihNs ekufldrk ;gh jgh fd Mk0 vEcsMdj dks Hkqyk fn;k tk;A e.My dks nckus ds fy;s de.My (eafnj) eqík t:jr ls T;knk mNky nks] ftlls fd czkã.kokfn;ksa dk fufgr LokFkZ lqjf{kr jgsA ;gh ugha LorU=krk i'pkr reke yksxksa us Mk0 vEcsMdj ij fdrkcsa fy•dj] ys• fy•dj vkSj fofHkUu fopkj xksf"B;ksa }kjk ;g fl¼ djus dk ç;kl fd;k fd Mk0 vEcsMdj ,d lkekU; O;fÙkQ Fks vkSj vaxzstksa us mudks cjxykdj xk¡/h th ds fo:¼ •M+k djus dk ç;kl fd;k FkkA ;gh ugha lafo/ku fuekZ.k esa Hkh mudh Hkwfedk dks egRoghu ?kksf"kr djus dk ç;kl fd;k tkrk jgk ij 1990 ds n'kd dh jktuhfr us cgqr dqN cny fn;kA jktuSfrd f{kfrt ij vusd çHkko'kkyh usrkvksa ds mHkjus us ekuks nfyrksa esa psruk dh Tokyk iSnk dj nh gksA

fuf'prr% nfyr oxks± esa iuih bl tu psruk ls oÙkQ dk ifg;k rsth ls cnyk vkSj dy rd tks czkã.koknh 'kfÙkQ;k¡ viuh fujis{krk dk nkok djrh Fkha] vpkud os lekt ds lkis{k fodkl Øe dks le>us yxhaA fofHkUu jkT;ksa esa nfyr psruk ds mHkkj us bUgsa etcwj dj fn;k fd os buds oksV cSad dks viuh rjiQ •hapus ds fy, budh çsj.kk ds dsUæ fcUnq ij utj Mkysa tks fd Mk0 vEcsMdj vkSj muds fopkjksa ds :i esa gSAa vpkud dy rd czkã.kokn dk naHk Hkjus okyh 'kfÙkQ;k¡ Mk0 vEcsMdj ls viuh utnhfd;k¡ lkfcr djus yxhaA ;gk¡ ij bl rF; dks ugha Hkqyk;k tk ldrk fd fdl çdkj ckS¼ /eZ ls •rjk eglwl gksus ij czkã.koknh 'kfÙkQ;ksa us cq¼ dks Hkxoku fo".kq dk 24ok¡ vorkj ?kksf"kr dj fn;k vkSj i'kq&cfy ij jksd yxkdj xk; dks ifo=k tho ?kksf"kr dj fn;kA vc 'kk;n ;gh dke ;s Mk0 vEcsMdj ds lkFk Hkh djuk pkgrs gSaA tc muds yk• "kM;a=kksa ds ckotwn nfyrksa us Mk0 vEcsMdj dks iwtuh; ekuuk ugha NksM+k rks os Hkh Mk0 vEcsMdj dks gkbtSd djds vius eap ij ysrs vk,A ;g ,d lPpkbZ gS fd Mk0 vEcsMdj vkthou czkã.koknh O;oLFkk ds fo:¼ la?k"kZ djrs jgs ,oa viuksa dks blds çfr lpsr Hkh djrs jgsA ,sls esa czkã.koknh O;oLFkk ds iks"kdksa }kjk Mk0 vEcsMdj dks gkbtSd djds vius eapksa ij LFkku nsuk o vius leFkZu esa m¼`r djuk n'kkZrk gS fd Mk0 vEcsMdj okdbZ ,d lkekftd ØkfUr ds vxznwr jgs gSa vkSj muds fcuk lkekftd vkSj jk"Vªh; fpUru dh dYiuk ugha dh tk ldrhA nsj ls gh lgh] vUrr% o.kZoknh O;oLFkk ds iks"kdksa dks Hkh Mk0 vEcsMdj dh orZeku ifjos'k esa çklafxdrk dks Lohdkj djuk iM+k] Hkys gh blds fy, mUgsa vius o.kZoknh ewY;ksa ls le>kSrk dj Mk0 vEcsMdj dks gkbtSd djus dh dksf'k'ksa djuh iM+h gksa ;k muds c;kuksa dks fcuk mldh i`"BHkwfe crk;s vius i{k esa j•uk iM+k gksA ys[kd iz[;kr lkfgR;dkj gSa rFkk Hkkjrh; nfyr lkfgR; vdkneh }kjk ^T;ksfrok iQqys iQsyksf'ki lEeku* ls lEekfur rFkk jk"Vªh; jktHkk"kk ihB bykgkckn }kjk ^HkkrhZ T;ksfr* ls lEekfur gSA

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

lekt




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

laLÑfr

cq¼ dh f'k{kk çca/u flLVe



A

cq¼ dh f'k{kk çca/u flLVe gSA jktuhfrd usrkvksa ds fy, ;g Hkh fl•krh gS dh jktfurh vkSj ns'k ij jkt dSls djuk pkfg,A dSls ikjn'khZ ç'kklu dk;kZfUoar j•uk pkfg,A cq¼ ds fl¼Urks ij oSKkfud n`"Vh ls fopkj djuk] eqÙkQ :i ls tkp iM+rky djuk rkfd çtkra=k ds ftoaeqY;ks ds lkFk cq¼ ds f'k{kk dk esy gks vkSj fo¼eku leLr ekuork dks loZFkk ufou vkSj mRçsjd lqiQy çkIr gks lds bl fn'kk esa ç;kl djuk--;g MkW-vkEcsMdj }kjk fyf•r ds cq¼ vkSj mudk /Ee dk vafre y{; gS-----

#

jru dqekj

çkphu vkoklh; ckS¼ f'k{kk ç.kkyh dks fodf'kr djus ds fy, çcyrk ds lkFk dk;kZfUoar djus dk ladYi gSA ;g fuokfl; ckS¼ fo|ky; Nk=kksa ds fy, iqFkd&iqFkd •ksysa tk;saxsA tkfrfoghu lekt fufeZfr dk igyk dne gksus ds lkFk o;ldks ds fy, nks eghus dk cq¼ uSfrd vkpkj lafgrk dk vè;;u lkfey gksaxkA bl fo|ky; ds Nk=kksa dks nqfu;k Hkj esa ckS¼ fo'ofo|ky;ksa ds vè;;u ds fy, tksM+k tk;saxkALukrd Lrj dh i<+kbZ ij dSfj;j ds voljksa ij tksj nsdj nqfu;k Hkj esa 'kSf{kd vkSj lsokFkZ miØeksa esa Hkkx ysus ds fy, vkSj /Ee ds çcy çpkj dks lqfuf'pr djus ds fy,

lHkh Nk=kks a dks LFkkfud vkok'kh; Ldqyks&fo|ky;ksa ea gh jguk gksaxkA vkSj lfo/ku ds ekSfyd f'k{kk vf/fu;eksa ds rgr uSfrd f'k"Vkpkj ij tksj nsdj leku f'k{kk fufr dksa ykxq dj.ks ds lkFk vkok'kh; Ldqyks&fo'ofoè;ky;ks ds ifjlj ds Nk=kkokl dh lqfo/kvksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk;saxk! ckcklkgsac MkW- vkcsMdj us dgk Fkk ^tkbZ;sa vius ?kj ds fnokjksa ij fy• nksa bl ns'k fd 'kklu dj.ksa okyh tekr cuuk gS*A ckcklkgsac MkW- vkacsMdj ds çfrc}rk dsa ca/u dk lgkjk ysdj ge dgrs gS dh ^gesa pkfj=koku 'kklu dj.ks okyk lekt dk fuekZ.k ds lkFk dgsaxk dks.k ;gk¡ vius HkkSfrd 'kjhj dks HkkSfrd lqfo/k nsdj ftank yk'k dh rjg ftuk pkgsaxk¸ tkoksa vius

?kj ds fnokjksa ij fy• nks tks ^çcq} ugha* mUgsa ^çcq} cukvks*A¶Kku&foosdÙkk¸ MkWvkacsMdj fy•hr cq¼ vkSj mldk /Ee ] uSfrd lkekftd f'k{kk dk vk/kj vkSj lUns'k gSA vkSj¶czkEgk.kokn¸ fd tkrhO;/ oLFkkr esa tdM+h¶ekuo tkfrdks¸ dks¶eqÙkQ djus¸ dh çfrc}rk cq¼ ds f'k{kk dh ijEijk gSA vkardoknh Hkh viuk¶ck;k iko¸ (Left foot) vkxs djrs gS vkrad vkSj v'kkafr ds fy;sA blh çdkj czkEgu.kokn Hkh viuk¶ck;k iko¸ vkxs djrk gS lekt dksa tkrh;ksa esa ckVusa ds fy;s A cq¼ tc lE;d lEcksf/] çkIr djds vklu ls mBs rc mUgksaus viuk nk;k iko (Right foot) vkxs djds /jrh ij j•k vkSj pyrs jgs


fo'o txr¶ekuo nq_• eqfÙkQ¸ ds fy;sA MkW ckcklkgsc vkacMs dj us Hkh viuk 'nk;kiko' (Right foot) vkxs fd;k Fkk czkEgr.kokn fd tdGh O;koLFkku ls eqfÙkQ fnykusa ds fy;sA ge Hkh viuk 'nk;kiko' (Right foot) vkxs djrk gS czkEgs.kokn lsa ekuotkfr ds eqfÙkQ ds fy,A áq&,u&Rl¡x (Hsüan Tsang)] ukyank esa f'k{kk iw.kZ djus ds ckn ukyank ds çeq• vkpk;Z egkLFkgfoj f'kyHkæ us çHkko'kkyh rdZ ns r s gq ; s ukya n k es a #dus ds fy;s ¶ áq & ,u&Rl¡ x ** ncko Mkyk FkkA¶áq&,u&Rl¡x¶ usa viuh çfrc}rk dk mYys• djrs gw,¶cq¼ ds ca/u dk lgkjk fy;k"] mlus dgk¶dkSu ;gk¡ jgdj vdsys gh vkuafnr gksuk pkgsaxk tks¶çcq} ugha¸ mUgs¶a çcq} cukvks"a A lezkV v'kksd vkSj blds ckn ds lHkh ckS} lezkVksa us ;gh fd;k vkSj fo'Otxr dks çcq¼ cu;kA ckcklkgsc MkWvkEcsMdj us Hkh ;gh fd;kA v•aM çcq¼ lkezkT; esa efgykvksa dks vius Lora=k vf/dkjksa ds rgr viuh vkthfodk dekus] ?kj ls ckgj jkstxkj djus] LokgehRo vf/dkj ikus] lk{kj gksus rFkk ?kj ds fu.kZ;&çfØ;k esa Hkkxhnkjh dh {kerk vkSj mlds lUeku ij fdlh çdkj lsa HksnHkko fn•kbZ ugha nsrkA vkSj v•aM çcq¼ Hkkjr dk lekt tkfr;ksa esa cVk gqoka ugha Fkk] ftlds pyrs jksVh&csfV;ksa ds lca/ cq¼ ds lkewfgd thfodksiktZu ds lkekftd&vkfFkZd uhfr;ksa ds rgr gqoka djrs Fks] 'kkfn;ksa ds fy, fdlh çdkj dk dksbZ ca/u efgykvksa ds fy, ugha Fkk] Lo=kU=k :ils fdlh ls Hkh 'kknh dj ldrs FksAbl ckS} ijaijk ds n`"Vhs ls efgykvksa dsa l'kfÙkQdj.k dj.ks ds fy;s lsok m|ksxksa esa vius dne dks lqfuPNhjr djsaxhA cq¼ us ges'kk vius eS=kh ls gj ,d O;fÙkQ dks lkSeuL;, ds dM+h;ks esa lkgl ca/k;kA cq¼ us viuh fpUrk vkSj mUgsa yxh gqbZ pksV dk vglkg dHkh tuekul gksus ugha fn;kA O;fÙkQ;ksa }kjk xyr gjdr djus ds ckÅtqn muds xyfr;ksa dks lq/kjus ds fy, cq¼ dk la?k gesa gekjs O;fÙkQ fodkl

dks fodflr djus dks çksRlkfgr djrk gSAv•aM çcq¼ lkezkT; esa iq#"k vkSj efgykvksa ds dk;Z{ks=k dk foHkktu djus dk fjokt ugha jgkA çkphu v•aM çcq} Hkkjr ds lfo/ku us ekuo tudY;k.k ;kstukvksa ds LokrU«;kf/dkj fd ifjf/ ls efgykvksa dks ckgj ugha j•k FkkA Bhd ,sls gh Hkkjr ds lfo/ku ds jfprk MkW- ch-vk-vkacsMdj us Hkh efgykvksa ds LokrU«;kf/dkj dks lfo/ ku ds ifjf/ ls ckgj ugha j•kA bl n`"Vh ls efgykvksa dk vkFkhZd {ks=k esa l'kfÙkQdj.k dj.ks ds fy;s vkfFkZd lalk/u fuekZ.k dk;Z py jgk gSA çkphu v•a M çcq ¼ Hkkjr dk tkfrfoghu lkekftd fodkl 92» Fkk] vkSj vkfFkZd fodkl nqfu;k ds 'nks' :i;s rks çcq} Hkkjr dk ',d' #i;k vkfFkZd fo"kerk uk ds cjkcj FkhA blds Bksl çek.k gesa 500 Century BCE TO 1200 Century AD rd feyrs gSA fo|eku ,f'k;k ds ckS¼ jk"Vª vkSj if'pe ds dqN jk"Vªksa dsa fgLlksa esa uSfrdewY;ksa dk fodkl fo|eku Hkkjr ls vf/d xquk gSA lafo/ku dh uSfrd f'k"Vkpkj dh f'k{kk O;fÙkQxr vkSj lkekftd&vkfFkZd fodkl dks fodlhr dj.ks ds fy, egRo'kiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrh gSA vkSj fo'oktxr ds lfo/ kuksa esa uSfrd f'k"Vfkpkj ds f'k{kk dk mYyfs• dgh ij Hkh ugh gS] blfy;s Hkkjfr; lfo/ ku nqfu;k dk Js"VSRek lfo/ku gS AHkkjrh; lfo/ku okLr fod la;qÙkQ :i ls ckS¼ vè;;u ds lacaf/r fo"k;ksa dh ,d foLr`r J`a•yk gS] gekjh çkFkfedrk gksxha bls dSls ikB;Øeksa ykxq fd;k tk;AçkjafHkd f'k{kk ?kj ls lq: gksrh gS] ckn esa Ldwy vkSj fo'oafo|ky;ksa ls lekt ds gj dks.ks esa viuh Hkwfedk fuHkkrh gSA blfy, lafo/ku dh uSfrd f'k"?Vkpkj fd f'k{kk okLrksfod lafg".kqrs k gSA vkSj ;g f'k{kk lerk] Lora=krk] cU/qrk vkSj U;k; ds fodkl ds fy;s vko';d gSA cq¼ dh f'k{kk çca/u flLVe gSA jktuhfrd usrkvksa ds fy, ;g Hkh fl•krh gS dh jktfurh vkSj ns'k ij jkt dSls djuk

pkfg,A dSls ikjn'khZ ç'kklu dk;kZfUoar j•uk pkfg,A cq¼ ds fl¼Urks ij oSKkfud n`"Vh ls fopkj djuk] eqÙkQ :i ls tkp iM+rky djuk rkfd çtkra=k ds ftoaeqY;ks ds lkFk cq¼ ds f'k{kk dk esy gks vkSj fo¼eku leLr ekuork dks loZFkk ufou vkSj mRçsjd lqiQy çkIr gks lds bl fn'kk esa ç;kl djuk--;g MkW-vkEcsMdj }kjk fyf•r ds cq¼ vkSj mudk /Ee dk vafre y{; gS----cq¼ ds /Eea ds fru vax gSA ¶'khy¸ tks uSfrdrk ds fodkl ij tksj nsrh gS] ekuo ^eu* ds lnxq.kksa dks fodflr djus ds fy, 'è;ku&lekf/' dk vH;kl] lkekftd vkSj çkÑfrd i;kZoj.k fd 'kq}rk ds fy, 'çKk :ih lfjrk] ns'k vkSj lekt fd v•aMrk ds fy;s ^fou;* gSA gj ,d ifjokj ds csgrjh ds fy, blesa lkfey gS pkj vk;Z lR;] vk;Z v"VkaxhdekxZ] 37 cks/h i{kh; /Ee] 10 vuqLeqrhZ] 10 dq'ky deZiFk] çfrR; leqRikn vkSj vfuR; fl¼kar vkSj vueksy a ns'kukavksa dk •tkukA tuekul ds eu&ekul dksa cnyus ds fy;s-------ekuo thou dks pkfj=koku O;kfÙkQ fodkl ds fy;s vkSj jk"Vª fufeZrh ds fy;sa cq} dsa vufxur mnkgj.k gSA tks gekjs orZeku lekt ds fy, çklafxd gSAa vkSj gj {ks=k ds fy, egku •tkuk gSA cq¼ ds lkoZHkkSfed uSlfxZd fu;e cgqlLa Ñfrokn ls cgqr vkxs gSA cq}] ekuo lekt ds lHkh vaxks dks ,dlaLÑfrokn esa Hkj nsrk gSaAcq¼ nqfu;k dk lcls cMk f'k{kd FkkA cq¼ dh f'k{kk fo'otxr dks eS=kh&lkSeuL; ds dMh;ksa esa cka/us dh 'kL=kHkqtk txtUuhk gSA cq¼ us 45 lky rd yksxks vkSj jktk vkSj jktusrkvks dks eS=kh&lkSeuL; ds dM+h;ks esa lkgl ca/ k;kAvkSj ekuo&jk"Vª fuekZ.k ds fy;s pkfj«;oku O;fÙkQ;ksa dk O; okid :i esa fuekZ.k Hkh fd;kA MkW vkEcsMdj }kjk fyf•r cq¼ vkSj muds /Ee dk eq[;r y{; ^ekuo jk"Vª* fufeZrh ds lkFk okLrfod çÑfr ds gj tho dks fodflr djuk vkSj mls Hkolalkj ds nq•ks% ls eqÙkQhkW dh vksj ys tkuk gSA

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

laLÑfr




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

L=kh foe'kZ

ukjh m¼kjd ;qxiq:"k vacsMdj #

vkuUn Jh Ñ".kk

vc ls lkS lky igys] tqykbZ] 1913 ds rhljs lIrkg esa MkW- vkacsMdj U;w;kdZ igqaps vkSj dksyafc;k ;fuoflZVh esa nkf[kyk fy;kA ogka dk okrkoj.k mnkj vkSj lekurk ij vk/kfjr FkkA efgykvksa dks iq:"kksa ds leku vf/dkj izkIr FksA vFkZO;oLFkk esa efgykvksa dk lh/k ;ksxnku FkkA gj {ks=k esa os iq:"kksa ls da/s ls da/k feykdj vkxs c<+ jgh FkhA vkacMs dj ds fy, ;g ,d u;k gh lalkj FkkA efgykvksa ds l'kDrhdj.k ls os cgqr izHkkfor gq, vkSj igyk liuk mUgksaus ;gh ns[kk fd Hkkjr ykSVdj ;gka dh efgykvksa dks Hkh os blh rjg l'kDr cukus dk iz;kl djsaxsA eghus Hkj ds vanj 4 vxLr] 1913 dks U;w;kdZ ls vius ,d fe=k dks fy[ks i=k esa MkW- vkacsMdj fy[krs gS&^;g lkspuk xyr gS fd ekrk&firk cPps dks dsoy tUe nsrs gSa] Hkfo"; ughaA ekrk&firk vius cPpksa dk Hkfo"; mTtoy cuk ldrs gSAa ;fn ge bl fl¼kar ij py iM+sa rks vfr 'kh?kz og 'kqHk fnu ns[k ldrs gSaA yM+dksa ds lkFk&lkFk yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk dh vksj Hkh è;ku nsdj ge 'kh?kz izxfr dj ldrs gSaA vki viuh iq=kh dks f'k{kk nsdj bldk ykHknk;d ifj.kke Lo;a ns[k ldrs gSaA* MkW- vkacMs dj dk ekuuk Fkk fd fdlh Hkh ns'k dh vkcknh dk vk/k fgLlk efgykvksa dk gksrk gS vkSj blfy, rjDdh og rHkh dj ldrk gS tc mldh efgykvksa dks rjDdh dk leku volj feysA ukxiqj esa efgykvksa ds ,d vf[ky Hkkjrh; lEesyu esa MkW- vkacsMdj us dgk Fkk&^eSa fdlh leqnk; dh izxfr dks bl iSekus ij ns[krk gwa fd mldh efgykvksa us fdruh izxfr dh gSA efgykvksa ds laxBu esa esjk vR;f/d fo'okl gSAa eSa tkurk gwa fd ;fn os vk'oLr gks tk,a rks lekt dks lq/kjus ds fy, D;k ugha dj ldrhA*

^eSa fdlh leqnk; dh izxfr dks bl iSekus ij ns[krk gwa fd mldh efgykvksa us fdruh izxfr dh gSA efgykvksa ds laxBu esa esjk vR;f/d fo'okl gSaA eSa tkurk gwa fd ;fn os vk'oLr gks tk,a rks lekt dks lq/kjus ds fy, D;k ugha dj ldrhA* &MkW-ch-vkj-vacsaMdj os izk;% dgk djrs Fks fd 'kkL=kksa es fufgr vkn'kksZ ds vuqlkj 'kwæksa vkSj vNwrksa ds lkFk&lkFk lkjh L=kh tkfr ij] pkgs og fdlh Hkh o.kZ dh gks] cgqr tqYe <k;k x;kA gkykafd mudk ekuuk Fkk fd Hkkjr esa efgykvksa dh nqnZ'kk ges'kk ugha gksrh jghA ,d le; Fkk tc dgk tkrk Fkk fd tgka ukjh dh iwtk dh tkrh gS ogka nsork fuokl djrs gSaA izkphu Hkkjr esa cq¼ us efgykvksa dks nh{kk dk vf/dkj nsdj vkSj Lora=k fHk{kq.kh la?k dh LFkkiuk djds efgyk l'kDrhj.k esa ;ksxnku fd;k FkkA ysfdu cq¼ ds dqN 'krkfCn;ksa ckn euqLe`fr tSls fo/ku cuk, x, ftlesa fL=k;ksa ls cjkcjh dk vf/ dkj Nhu fy;k x;kA

euqLe`fr ds 'yksd 5%147 esa izko/ku fd;k x;k&yM+dh] uo;qorh ;k o`¼k dks Hkh vius ?kj rd esa dksbZ dke Lora=krkiwoZd ugha djuk pkfg,A blh rjg 'yksd 5%148 esa dgk x;k&L=kh dks cpiu esa firk] ;qokoLFkk esa ifr vkSj ifr ds fnoaxr gksus ds ckn vius iq=kksa ds v/hu jguk pkfg,A mldks dHkh Lora=k ugha jguk pkfg,A bruk gh ugha] 'yksd 9%46 esa izko/ku fd;k x;k fd cspus vkSj R;kx nsus ij Hkh dksbZ L=kh vius ifr ls eqDr ugha gksrhA ifr dk vf/dkj ml ij lnSo jgsxkA MkW- vkacMs dj efgykvksa dh bl fLFkfr ls cgqr nq%[kh Fks vkSj ges'kk bl dksf'k'k esa jgrs Fks fd os lHkh vf/dkj mudks dSls


fnyk, tk,a tks fdlh Hkh lekt esa vki ukxfjd dks izkIr gksus pkfg,A vkxs pydj mUgksua s euqLe`fr dh lkoZtfud :i ls gksyh tykbZ] D;ksafd mudk ekuuk Fkk bl xzaFk ds izko/kuksa ds pyrs gh Hkkjrh; lekt esa efgykvksa dks mudk mfpr vf/dkj ugha fey ldk gSA 1928 esa lkbeu deh'ku ds le{k fn, x, vius lk{; esa MkW- vkacMs dj us o;Ld erkf/dkj dh tksjnkj odkyr gh vkSj dgk fd 21 o"kZ ds mQij ds lHkh Hkkjrh;ksa dks] pkgs os efgyk gksa ;k iq:"k] ernku dk vf/dkj feyuk pkfg,A 1942 esa MkW- vkacMs dj dks xouZj tujy dh dk;Zdkfj.kh esa Je lnL; ds :i esa fu;qDr fd;k x;k vkSj mUgksaus Hkkjr ds bfrgkl esa igyh ckj efgykvksa ds fy, izlwfr vodk'k dh O;oLFKk dhA vkxs pydj tc MW- vkacMs dj dks lafo/ku izk:i lfefr dk vè;{k pquk x;k rks mUgksaus lafo/ku ds vuqPNsn 14 esa ,slk izko/ku j[kk fd fyax ds vk/kj ij efgykvksa ds lkFk fdlh izdkj dk HksnHkko ugha fd;k tk,xkA bruk gh ugha]dkuwu ea=kh ds :i esa MkW- vkacsMdj us fganw dksM fcy laln esa

is'k fd;k] ftldk mís'; Fkk vyx&vyx iaFkksa esa caVs fganw leqnk; ds fy, ,d leku vkpkj lafgrk rS;kj djuk] ftlesa efgykvksa dks oSokfgd ekeys es]a rykd lac/ a h ekeys esa] mÙkjkf/dkj] xksn ysus vkSj xqtkjk HkÙkk ds ekeys esa rFkk ikfjokfjd fgLlsnkjh ds ekeys esa leku vf/dkj feysA fganw dksM ikl gks tkus ij nq[kh vkSj fujhg ify;ka dkuwu ds cycwrs vR;kpkjh ifr;ksa ls fiaM NqM+k ldrh Fkha vkSj fdlh nwljs O;fDr ls fookg Hkh dj ldrh FkhaaA bldh ,d fo'ks"krk ;g Hkh Fkh fd fdUgha Hkh nks fganw oj&o/qvksa dk fookg] pkgs mudk o.kZ Hksn ;k tkfr Hksn dSlk o fdruk Hkh D;ksa u gks] oS/ ekuk tkrk gS vkSj muls mRiUu larku iSrd ` lEifr esa oS/ vf/dkjh cu tkrh gS] tcfd bl dkuwu ls igys ijLij fojks/h o.kksZ] tkfr;ksa mi&tkfr;ksa esa gq, fookg ls mRiUu larku iSr`d laifÙk esa fgLlk izkIr djus ds fy, oS/ larku ugha ekuh tkrh FkhA :f<+oknh ysxksa ds fojks/ ds dkj.k fganw dksM fcy mi le; ugha ikl gks ldk vkSj MkW- vkacsMdj us dkuwu ea=kh ds in ls

bLrhiQk ns fn;kA ysfdu in ls bLrhiQk nsus ds ckn Hkh MkW- vkacsMdj pqi ugha cSBs vkSj lkekftd rFkk jktuSfrd eapksa ls vkSj viuh ys[kuh ds ekè;e ls bl fcy dks ikfjr djkus dks fy, la?k"kZ djrs jgsA ckn esa lu~ 1955&56 esa fganw dksM fcy dks dbZ VqdM+kas esa tSls fganw fookg dkuwu] fganw mÙkjkf/dkj dkuwu] fganw xksn ,oa xqtkjk HkÙkk dkuwu tSls ukeksa ls ikl fd;k x;kA bu dkuwuksa dks ikfjr djokus esa Hkh MkW- vkacsMdj us vge Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA MkW- vkacsMdj us rRdkyhu dkuwu ea=kh Jh ikVLdj dks fganw dksM dh ,d&,d /kjk dks foLrkj ls le>kdj vkSj mlds fojks/ esa nh tkus okyh nyhyksa ds tokc igys ls rS;kj djds mudh cgqr lgk;rk dhA MkW- vkacsMdj dk liuk iwjh rjg rc lkdkj gqvk] tc lu~ 2005 esa fganw mÙkjkf/ dkj dkuwu esa la'kks/u djds iq=kh dks Hkh iq=k ds leku iSr`d laifÙk esa cjkcj dk vf/dkj fn;k x;kA MkW- vkacsMdj dks blhfy,] vkSj blds vykok Hkh dbZ dkj.kksa ls ;qx iq:"k dgk tkrk gSA

xjhcksa ds fy, ljdkj dh fiQj ,d ubZ ;kstuk vc ljdkj fiQj ls xjhcksa ds fy, vukt lLrk djus tk jgh gSA ljdkj dks xjhc vkSj fiNM+ksa dh fpUrk Bhd pqukoksa ls igys gh gksrh gSA blhfy, mlus 80 djksM+ yksxksa dks 2 :- fdyks xsgwa o 3 :- fdyks pkoy nsus dk iQSlyk fd;k gSA tcfd nks lky igys tc vukt xksnkeksa esa iM+k lM+ jgk Fkk vkSj lqizhe dksVZ ds vkMZj ds ckotwn dkaxszl dh gh fnYyh izns'k dh eq[; eU=kh us xjhcksa esa vukt ckaVus ls bUdkj dj fd;k Fkk fd vukt cs'kd lM+ tk, ysfdu xjhcksa esa ugha ckaVsxhaA fiQj vkt dsUæ ljdkj xjhcksa ij bruh esgjcku dSls gks xbZA dsUæ ljdkj dh ;kstuk ds eqrkfcd 22 :- xkWo esa dekus okyk vkSj 32 :- 'kgj esa dekus okyk xjhch js[kk ls uhps gh ugha vkrk rc ,slh voLFkk esa og ch-ih-,y- dk ykHk ugha mBk ldrkA nwljk 80 djksM+ esa ls vk/s ls T;knk yksxksa ds ikl ch-ih-,y- dkMZ gh ugha gS rks Hkh os ljdkj dh bl ;kstuk dk ykHk ugha mBk ldrsA ch-ih-,y- dkMZ ds cxSj rks ljdkj ls feyus okyh ;kstuk,a- mj rd igqWp gh ugha ikrha ftlls os fodkl ls ofpar jg tkrs gSa vkSj mudh lkjh ftUnxha vHkkoks vkSj iQkdksa esa xqtjrh gSA ljdkj ds ;s lCt ckx D;k dsoy ,d pqukoh gFkdUMk ugha tks pqukoksa ls igys ges'kk turk dks fn[kk;s tkrs gSa mudk oksV gkfly djus ds fy,A vxj ;s dkuwu vkSj ;kstuk,a bZekunkjh vkSj l[rh ls ykxw fd;s tk,a rks ns'k ds gj O;fDr dks Hkj isV jksVh fey ldrh gSA vkSj ns'k dh xjhch vkSj cngkyh [kRe dh tk ldrh gSA ysfdu ns'k esa Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj ?kksVkyksa ds gksrs gq, ns'k esa Hkw[k] xjhch vkSj 'kks"k.k dk xzkiQ yxkrkj c<+rk gh tk jgk gSA muds mRFkku dh ;kstuk,a rks yxkrkj curh gSa ysfdu Hkksyh turk dks yqHkkus ds fy,A pquko [kRe gksrs gh ;s ;kstuk,a fiQj iQkbZyksa esa cUn gks dj jg tkrh gSaA tks iwjs oxZ ds lkFk / ks[kk gSA dsoy pUn iwathifr gh gSA ftuds fy, ;kstuk,a curh gSa vkSj ps gh mlls ykHkkfUor gksrs gSaA t:jr eUn rks mu ;kstukvksa rd igqap gh ikrsA ljdkj dh ;g nksxyh uhfr Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj 'kks"k.k dks c<+kok ns jgh gSA lfoa/ku esa lHkh dkuwu vkSj uhfr;ka 'kksf"kr vkSj ihfM+r ds fy, gSa vxj mUgsa gh bZekunkjh ls ykxw fd;k tk;s rks O;fDr ds lkFk&lkFk ns'k Hkh mUur gksxkA &iqq"ik foosd] ,p&1]135&136] VkWi iQyksj] lsDVj& 16] jksfg.kh] fnYYkh & 110089

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

L=kh foe'kZ




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

;k=kk laLej.k

vc u cqยผ gSa] u vkezikyh] u gh og oS'kkyh jgh_ D;k x.kra=k gS\ # jktho

jatu izlkn

iVuk ls yxHkx lร™kj fdyksehVj dh ;g ;k=kk eSusa ckbZd ls dh vkSj jkLrs Hkj u;ukfHkjke utkjksa ls xqtjrk jgkA ,f'k;k ds lcls cMs iqy xkยก/h lsrq ij ls xqtjrs gq, lMd ds txg txg VwVs gksus vkSj tke dh vf/drk ds dkj.k N% fdyksehVj ds bl jkLrs dks ikj djus esa vk/s ?kaVs ls vf/d yx x;s FksA nqfu;k ds lcls cMs yksdra=k dk ,d vke vkneh nqfu;k ds lcls iqjkus yksdra=k dh >yfd;kยก nsโ€ขus cw>us ds fy;s D;ksa mRlkfgr ugha gksrk\ oS'kkyh xaxk ?kkVh esa vofLFkr fcgkj rFkk caxky รงkar ds chp lq'kksfHkr uxj gSA og nkSj tc T;knkrj jktuhfrd iQSlys O;fร™kQxr egRokdka{kk dh HksaV p< tk;k djrs Fks vFkok ryokjksa dh uksad ij fy;s tkrs Fks rc fyPNfo;ksa usa รงtkra=kkRed vkn'kksยฑ dh felky xaxk rV ij cls blh รงkphu uxj esa jโ€ขh Fkh_ ftls vkt Hkh oS'kkyh ds uke ls gh tkuk tkrk gSA รงR;sd fu.kZ; mu fnuksa lHkkx`g esa cgqer ls fy;s tkrs Fks rFkk bl รงร‘;k esa mez vkSj in dk rc dksbZ HksnHkko u FkkA og ,d jktk ugha vfirq cgqr ls vf/dkj lEiUu x.kksa }kjk 'kkflr lkezkT; jgk FkkA vkpk;Z prqjlsu usa ftl vkezikyh dks vius miU;kl ls iquthZfor fd;k og blh oS'kkyh dh lEeku รงkIr os';k Fkh ftls Hkxoku cqยผ ds vkn'kksยฑ usa รงHkkfor fd;kA oS'kkyh esa รงos'k ls igys ,d NksVh lh nwdku ij #d dj eSus dqYgM okyh pk; dk vkuan fy;kA lkeus utj x;h rks ikB'kkyk py jgh FkhA dqlhZ ij ekLVj th fojkteku Fks rFkk tehu ij gh vkB&nl yMds vkSj yMfd;kยก ftudh mez vkB ls ckjg o"kZ ds chp jgh gksxhA eSa muds chp pyk x;kA ekLVj lkgc usa viuh dqlhZ ns nh vkSj dqN nsj cPpksa ls eSus ckrphr dhA ,d loky Fkk yksdra=k dks tkurs gks\ cPps pqiA nwljk

loky vkids eq[;ea=kh dk uke vkSj yxHkx fudyus ds fy, ukyh gksus ds รงek.k feys gSa lHkh cPpksa usa lqj feyk dj tks'k ls dgk rks dq,a tSlh โ€ขkbZ dk รง;ksx dwM+snku ds :i uhfr'k dqekjA eSus iwNk fd vius nsโ€ขrs cw>rs esa gksus dk iq[rk lcwr feyk gSA bu oLrqvksa rqe crk ldrs gks fd rqEgkjh ftUnxh esa D;k dks fyPNoh x.kra=k ls tksM+dj nsโ€ขk tk jgk D;k cnyko vk;s gSA dqN ,ls mร™kj feys tks gSA ;gka vc rd feyh oLrqvksa ls ;g vuqeku vโ€ขckjksa dh drjus Hkh curh gSa tSls ,d yxrk gS fd rc /eZfujis{k 'kkludky jgk ckyd usa dgk ยถlMd lc vPNk gks x;k gSยธ gksxk_ oLrqr% โ€ขqnkbZ esa vc rd fdlh Hkh ,d ckfydk usa mร™kj fn;k ยถvkt dy ykbZu nsoh&nsork dh ewfrZ;ka ugha feyh gSA ;g Hkh cgqr nsj rd jgrk gSยธA bu mร™kjksa ls dksbZ fu"d"kZ ugha fudy ldrs gSAa gesa x.kjkT; gq, lkB lky ls vf/d gks x;s vkSj bl le; Hkh ge mUgha cqfu;knh lqfo/kvksa ds fy;s tw>rs yMrs jgrs gSa] ftu esa ยนfo'o dh lcls รงkphu laln ds iqjko'ks"kยบ jksVh]diMk]edku]ikuh]fctyh] lMd lfEefyr gSA รงrhr gksrk gS fd x<+ ds vklikl pkjksa rjiQ ;gkยก ls vkxs c<rs gq, igyk iMko Fkk cfLr;ka gksaxh tgka mร™ke tu&lqfo/k,a jgh jktk fo'kky dk fdykA dgrs gSa fd bl fdys gksaxhA uxj ds pkjks vksj vkร˜e.kdkfj;ksa ls dh LFkkiuk b{okdq&oa'k esa mRiUu fo'kky cpus ds fy;s โ€ขkbZ dk fuekZ.k djk;k x;k uked jktk us dh Fkh blh ls bl uxj dk gksxkA vHkh ;gkยก ls cgqr dqN ckรŸ vkuk 'ks"k ,d nwljk uke fo'kkyk Hkh FkkA dkykarj esa gS] โ€ขqnkbZ dk dk;Z cgqr lqLr xfr ls pyrk bl LFky dks vusdksa cnykoksa ls xqtjuk iMk รงrhr gks jgk gSA ftlds fd Li"V ifj.kke ;gkยก py jgh โ€ขqnkbZ oS'kkyh ds laxzgky; esa blh mEehn ds esa fnโ€ขkbZ iMrs gSaA jktk fo'kky dk x<+ 81 lkFk eSa igqยกpk Fkk fd laHkor% ,d cgqr cMk ,dM+ Hkwfe esa iQSyk gS ftls ,d รงkphu laln le; โ€ขaM nsโ€ขus cw>us ds fy;s feysxk fdarq vFkok lHkk Hkou dk vo'ks"k Hkh ekuk tk vR;f/d ek;wlh gqbZA laxzgky; esa VsjkZdksVk jgk gSA bl laln esa 7777 la?kh; lnL;S dh dqN oLrqvksa rFkk flDdksa ds dqN lkยกpksa bdรชรฒk gksdj leL;klvksa dks lqurs Fks vkSj dks gh fMLIys ij jโ€ขk x;k gSA รงrhr gksrk gS mlij cgl Hkh fd;k djrs FksA โ€ขqnkbZ ls 'ks"k รงkIr vo'ks"k iVuk vFkok vU; fdlh 'kqax&oa'k ds le; dh feรชรฐh dh cuh gqbZ laxzgky; esa LFkkukarfjr dj fn;s x;s gSaA รงkphu lqj{kk nhokj feyh gS tcfd dq"kk.k bl ek;wlh ls ckgj vk dj eSa fuIiksuth dky esa blds ร…ij iDdh bZaVksa dk ?ksjk cuk ckSยผ leqnk; }kjk cuok;s x;s fo'og 'kkafrLrwji fn, tkus dk Li"V รงek.k feyrk gSA ;g igqp ยก kA xksy ?kqekonkj xqEcn] lqlfTtr lhf<;ka nhokj 60 ehVj yach vkSj pkj ehVj pkSM+h gSA vkSj muds nksuksa vksj Lo.kZ jax ds cM+s flag โ€ขuu ds ckn Li"V รงek.k feyk gS fd dkykarj cgqr gh eksgd รงrhr gksrs gSAa lhf<;ksa ds lkeus esa bl {ks=k ds yksxksa dk uxjh; {ks=k esa gh รจ;kueXu cqยผ dh Lo.kZ รงfrek fnโ€ขk;h ifjorZu gks pqdk FkkA ;gka ?kjksa ls ikuh nsrh gSA


lezkV v'kksd ds fuekZ.k ds voyksdu ls igys dksYgqvk dh vksj eqMrs gqbZ ,d NksVk lk xk¡o n`f"Vxkspj gqvkA eSa ml orZeku dks ns• dj grçHk Fkk ftls vius xkSjo'kkyh vrhr ds ,ot esa dsoy i;ZVd gh feysA ,d HkSal Fkku esa eq¡g yxk dj pkjk •kus esa O;Lr FkhA lkspus dh vius Hkafxek ds chp eSaus ml HkSal dk flj gYds ls lgyk;k 'kk;n i'kq dks çse dk vkHkkl gqvk vkSj mlusa •kuk NksM dj viuh xnZu mBk nhA eSaus mldh xnZu ds uhps lgyk;k vkSj fiQj ykM esa HkSal dh xnZu vkSj mij mBrh x;h] eq>s Hkh lq%•kuqHkwfr gqbAZ ,d o`¼ ogha •Ms esjh xfrfof/;ksa dks ns• jgs Fks] os esjs ikl vk;sA I;kl yx vk;h Fkh] eSaus iwNk – ikuh feysxk ckckA cxy esa gh •Mk ,d NksVk cPpk Hkkxrk gqvk vius ?kj ds Hkhrj ?kqlk vkSj nkSMrk gqvk ,d Xykl esa esjs fy;s ikuh ys vk;kA eq>s ;g ikuh ihus ls igys cgqr ls lokyksa dks Hkh xVduk iMkA eq>s Xykl ds pedrs LVhy ds u gksus ls f'kdk;r ugha gS ysfdu ikuh dk jax vkSj Lokn……A vkg!! vrhr ds xrZ esa lek;s gq, yksdra=k_ ge Hkh x.kjkT; gSa ysfdu 'kk;n bldh ewy Hkkouk dh bTtr gh ugha djrsA Hkkjh eu ls dksYgq vk esa ml LFky rd igqp ¡ k tgk¡ Hkxoku cq¼ us viuk vafre lacks/ u fn;k FkkA bl egku ?kVuk dks fpjthoh cukus ds fy;s lezkV v'kksd us rhljh 'krkfCn bZlk iwoZ esa flag LracHk dk fuekZ.k djok;k FkkA ifjlj esa ços'k djrs gh •qnkbZ esa feyk baVksa ls fufeZr xksykdkj Lrwi vkSj v'kksd LrEHk fn•k;h ns tkrk gSA LrajHk dk fuekZ.k yky cyqvk iRFk j ls gqvk gSA bl Lra Hk ds Åij ?kaVh ds vkdkj dh cukoV gS rFkk bldh m¡pkbZ yxHkx 18-3 ehVj gS tks bldk vkd"kZ.k c<krh gSA fudV gh oS'kkyh x.kjkT; }kjk <kbZ gtkj o"kZ iwoZ cuok;k x;k ifo=k

¹oS'kkyh iqjkrRo laxzgky; ds ckgj ,d mYys•º

dq.M gSA ,slk ekuk tkrk gS fd bl x.kjkT;S esa tc dksbZ u;k 'kkld fuokZfpr gksrk Fkk rks mudks ;gha ij vfHk"ksd djok;k tkrk FkkA dq.M ds ,d vksj cq¼ dk eq[; Lrwi gS vkSj nwljh vksj dqVkxkj'kkyk gSA laHkor% dHkh ;g fHk{kqf.k;ksa dk çokl LFky jgk gksxkA oS'kkyh esa bruk gh ugha gS egkReky cq¼ ds egkifjfuokZ.k ds yxHkx 100 o"kZ ckn oS'kkyh esa nwljs ckS¼ ifj"kn dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k FkkA bl vk;kstu dh ;kn esa nks ckS¼ Lrwni cuok, x,A oS'kkyh ds lehi gh ,d fo'kky ckS¼ eB gS] ftlesa egkRekn cq¼ mins'k fn;k djrs FksA bu Lrw iksa dk irk 1958 dh •qnkbZ ds ckn pykA Hkxoku cq¼ dh jk• ik, tkus ls bl LFkkru dk egRo dkiQh c<+ x;k gSA lkSHkkX; ls Hkxoku cq¼ ds vfLrRo dk vafre xokg oS'kkyh ls çkIr mudh jk• ds n'kZu djus dk lkSHkkX; eq>s iVuk fLFkr laxzgky; esa feyk FkkA ckS¼ ekU;rk ds vuqlkj Hkxoku cq¼ ds egk ifjfuokZ.k ds i'pkr dq'khuxj ds eYyksa }kjk muds 'kjhj dk jktdh; lEeku ds lkFk vafre laLdkj fd;k x;k rFkk vfLFk vo'ks"k dks vkB Hkkxksa esa ckaVk x;k] ftlesa ls ,d Hkkx oS'kkyh ds fyPNfo;ksa dks Hkh feyk FkkA 'ks"k lkr Hkkx – ex/ ujs'k vtkr'k=kq] dfiyoLrq ds 'kkD;] vydIi ds cqyh]

¹fo'o 'kkafr Lrwiº

jkexzke ds dksfy;] csV}hi ds ,d czkã.k rFkk ikok ,oa dq'khuxj ds eYyksa dks çkIr gq, FksA v'kksd LraHk dks è;ku ls ns• dj fujk'kk dh Hkkouk ls Hkj x;k gw¡A çrhr gksrk gS fd LraHk dks cgqr ckn esa ?ksjk x;k gS D;ksafd vk/k LraHk rks xhrk yo v'kksd vkSj jkfxuh yo çdk'k tSls f'kykys•ksa ls iVk iMk gS ;gk¡ rd fd bu çse dh vYgM çLrqfr;ksa usa LrEHk ij vafdr çkphu fyfi dks Hkh uqdlku igqp ¡ k;k gSA esjs lkeus ,d ifjokj Lrwi ij rLohjs f•apok jgk gS] nks cPps Lrwi ij twrs igu dj p< x;s gSa ftudk lkFk nsus ds fy;s muds firkth e; iRuh vkSj lkyh ds iRFkjksa ij p< jgs gSaA eSa dq< jgk gw¡ viuh foo'krk cfYd bl ifjokj dks viuh ukjktxh ls voxr Hkh djk nsrk gw¡ ysfdu ;g ns'k ¶pyrk gS¸ okyh ço`fÙk ls xzflr gSA /jksgj dk lEeku ugha dj ldrs rks de ls de Hkxoku cq¼ dk rks lEeku djks--A ogk¡ dksbZ lsD;qfjVh xkMZ Hkh eq>s ugha fn•k vkSj fVdV tk¡pus okyk deZpkjh Hkh esjh vkifÙk ls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha j•uk pkgrk FkkA eq>s dksbZ f'kdk;r iqfLrdk Hkh miyC/ ugha djk;h x;hA gs cq¼!! {kek djuk fd leUnj esa dadM ekjus dh esjh dksf'k'k Hkh ukdke gks x;h

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

;k=kk laLej.k




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

vijk/

A

cykRdkj dk vFkZ bTtr dk pys tkuk ugha gksuk pkfg,A njvly] bTtr rks cykRdkjh dh tkuh pkfg, tSls fdlh yqVjs s ;k tscdrjs dh tkrh gS] ij gekjs ;gka bls vkSjr dh bTtr ls tksM+  fn;k x;k gSA

#

vKs; dqekj

lokZsPp U;k;ky; ds iwoZ eq[; U;k;k/ h'k ts,l oekZ dh vè;{krk esa Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk xfBr lfefr dk mís'; Fkk vkijkf/d dkuwuksa vkSj vU; çklafxd dkuwuksa esa ,sls laHko la'kks/u lq>kuk rkfd ^efgykvksa ij pje ;kSu geyksa ds ekeyksa esa rsth ls iQSlyk gks lds vkSj eqtfjeksa dks dgha T;knk ltk fnykbZ tk ldsA* vHkh bl lfefr dks cus T;knk le; ugha gqvk fd cykRdkj dh vU; gkfy;k ?kVukvksa esa cgqr tYn U;kf;d iQSlys djus ds mnkgj.k lkeus vk jgs gSaA bldk vFkZ lkiQ gS fd U;kf;d O;oLFkk Hkh ns•rh gS fd dkSu&ls vijk/ ij ljdkj xaHkhj gksus dk ladsr ns jgh gSA ljdkj us yksdlHkk esa fiNys lky 19 vÙkQwcj dks ,d fo/s;d is'k fd;k Fkk] ftlesa dgk x;k Fkk fd ;kSu geyk ,d fyax&fujis{k vijk/ gSA bl fo/s;d esa Hkkjrh; naM lafgrk dh dbZ /kjkvksa esa ;kSu geys dks fyax&fujis{k cukus ds fy, dbZ la'kks/uksa dk çLrko fd;k x;k gSA vxj ;kSu geys dks fyax&fujis{k vijk/ eku fy;k tk, rks efgykvksa ds f•ykiQ ;kSu geys dk loky gh egÙoghu gks tkrk gSA oekZ lfefr dks lcls igys bu la'kks/uksa dks okil ysus dh fliQkfj'k djuh pkfg, FkhA nwljs] mu yksxksa ds çfr dkuwu vkSj Hkh l[r gksuk pkfg,] ftudk dke dkuwu dh j{kk djuk gSA ljdkjh deZpkfj;ks]a iqfyldfeZ;ks]a tsy çca/dksa ds lkFk&lkFk lsuk] v¼ZlSfud cyksa vkfn ds yksxksa ls l[rh ls is'k vkuk

;kSu fgalk dh tM+sa

gksxkA ef.kiqj dh Fkkaxtke euksjek] d'ehj dh uhyksiQj vkSj vf'k;k] vkSj gtkjksa vkfnoklh] nfyr vkSj vYila[;d efgykvksa ls] fo'ks"kdj xqtjkr naxksa esa] cykRdkj djus ds ckn gR;k,a djus dh dbZ ?kVuk,a lkeus vkbZ gSaA bUgsa ^fojy esa Hkh fojyre* dh Js.kh esa j• dj nks"kh iQkSft;ksa] iqfyldfeZ;ksa vkSj naxkb;ksa dks iQkalh dh ltk nsuh pkfg, D;ksafd ;s dsoy cykRdkj ds ugha] gR;k ds Hkh ekeys gSaA fnYyh cykRdkj dkaM ds vijk/h Hkh blh Js.kh esa vkrs gSaA laxhurj ;kSu geyksa esa lkewfgd cykRdkj] laj{k.k esa cykRdkj] cPpksa ls cykRdkj] lkaçnkf;d vkSj tkfroknh fgalk ds varxZr gq, cykRdkj] ekufld ;k 'kkjhfjd :i ls viax ds lkFk cykRdkj vkfn 'kkfey gksus pkfg,A ,sls ekeyksa esa dBksj vkthou dkjkokl dk çko/ku gksuk pkfg, tks vijk/h dh LokHkkfod e`R;q rd pysA cykRdkj ds lHkh ekeyksa esa le;c¼rk dk è;ku j•k tk,A veweu rhu eghuksa esa iQSlyk lquk nsuk pkfg,A ;kSu fgalk ds ,d yk• ls T;knk ekeys vnkyrksa esa yafcr gSaA mUgsa Rofjr vnkyrksa dks gLrkarfjr djuk pkfg,A tkosn v[rj us fcYdqy lgh dgk gS fd tks ltk orZeku dkuwu esa cykRdkj ds fy, fu/kZfjr gS] og Hkh fdrus vijkf/;ksa dks nh tkrh gSA fnYyh esa tks çn'kZu gq,] muesa vf/drj çn'kZudkfj;ksa dh rf[r;ksa ij ^cykRdkfj;ksa dks iQkalh nks* ;k ^cf/;kdj.k* dh ekaxsa

fy•h gqbZ FkhaA ;g ckr fdlh gn rd lgh gS fd vkt lekt esa dkuwu dk Mj ugha jg x;k gSA ysfdu cykRdkj dk ekeyk pksjh&MdSrh] ywVikV] gR;k tSls vijk/ksa ls fHkUu gSA ;g dsoy dkuwu dks dBksj cukus ls •Re ugha gksxkA bldh tM+sa gekjh lkekftd&vkfFkZd&jktuhfrd O;oLFkk vkSj tuekul ds lksp esa cgqr xgjkbZ rd /alh gSAa dk;ZLFky ij ;kSu mRihM+u ds f•ykiQ dBksj dkuwu cuk, tkus ds ckotwn efgykvksa ls NsMN + kM+ dh ?kVukvksa esa deh ugha vk ikbZ gSA ;wjksi esa ,d tekus esa •jxks'k pqjkus ij iQkalh ns nh tkrh FkhA ;g nkSj •Re gqvk rks ukft;ksa us vijk/ dks •Re djus ds fy, vijkf/;ksa dks gh •Re djus dk rdZ fn;kA fgVyj ds 'kklu esa Úhtyj uke ds dkuwuea=kh dk fo'okl Fkk fd naM dks bruk dBksj cuk nks fd yksx vijk/ djus ls igys dkaius yxsAa bu reke mik;ksa us vkt rd vijk/ dks •Re djus esa liQyrk ugha ikbZ gSA leL;k ;g gS fd dkuwu cukus okyksa ls ysdj mUgsa ykxw djus okyksa rd ds lksp esa gh xM+cM+ gSA tjk ns•sa fd gekjs U;k;k/h'kksa dh ,d tekr vkSjr ds ckjs esa D;k lksprh gSA dY;k.kh esuu vkSj ,ds f'kodqekj }kjk fyf•r iqLrd (Hkkjr esa fL=k;ka) esa 1996 esa fd, x, ,d vè;;u dk ftØ gS] ftlesa vkSjrksa ds f•ykiQ fgalk ds ckjs esa 109 U;k;k/h'kksa ls fy, x, lk{kkRdkjksa dk fupksM+ fn;k x;k gSA blds dqN va'k bl çdkj gSaA vM+rkyhl çfr'kr U;k;k/h'kksa dk ekuuk


Fkk fd dqN ekSds ,sls gksrs gSa tc ifr }kjk iRuh dks FkIiM+ ekjuk tk;t gksrk gSA pkSgÙkj çfr'kr dk ekuuk Fkk fd ifjokj dks VwVus ls cpkuk gh vkSjr dk igyk ljksdkj gksuk pkfg,] pkgs ogka mls fgalk dk lkeuk gh D;ksa u djuk iM+rk gksA vM+lB çfr'kr dk ekuuk Fkk fd ^mÙkstd* diM+s iguuk ;kSu geys dks cqykok nsuk gSA ipiu çfr'kr dk ekuuk Fkk fd cykRdkj ds ekeys esa vkSjr ds uSfrd pfj=k dh vgfe;r gSA blh çdkj iqfyl esa tks yksx dke djrs gSa] mudk D;k lksp gS\ ,d fdLlk eSaus lkseukFk pVthZ ds eq• ls lquk gSA mUgksaus crk;k fd gfj;k.kk esa ,d vkSjr dks tc mlds ifr us ihVk rks og Fkkus igqp a hA Fkkusnkj us mldh dgkuh lquh vkSj ifr dks Fkkus esa cqyok;kA ifr ls mlus ,d gh loky iwNk fd f'kdk;rdrkZ D;k mldh tks: gS\ tc mlus ^gka* esa tokc fn;k rks mls fcuk dqN dgs Fkkusnkj us ?kj Hkst fn;kA fiQj vkSjr ls dgk] ^rsjk ifr vxj viuh yqxkbZ (iRuh) dks ugha ihVsxk rks D;k iM+kslh dh yqxkbZ dks ihVsxk\* bl rjg mlus vkSjr dks Hkh MkaV dj mlds ?kj Hkst fn;kA fiNys fnuksa ^rgydk* if=kdk us fnYyh ds fofHkUu bykdksa esa rSukr iqfyldfeZ;ksa ds lk{kkRdkj çdkf'kr fd, gSa ftuesa nks dks NksM+ dj lHkh dh jk; Fkh fd tks efgyk,a cykRdkj dh f'kdk;r ntZ djkus Fkkus esa vkrh gSa] os ;k rks vuSfrd] LoPNan LoHkko dh] pfj=kghu gksrh gS]a ;k os';k,a gksrh gSa vkSj os iq#"kksa dks CySdesy djuk pkgrh gSAa ftuds da/ksa ij efgykvksa dh lqj{kk dh ftEesnkjh gS] mUgsa vxj viuk lksp cnyus ds fy, çf'k{k.k ugha fn;k tk,xk rks ifjorZu dSls gksxk\ ;g ckr Hkh le>us dh gS fd cykRdkj dsoy ;kSu&fyIlk feVkus dk ekeyk ugha gS] ;g ,d efgyk ij viuk çHkqRo tekus dk Hkh ekeyk gSA lksyg fnlacj ds lkewfgd cykRdkj ds eq[; vkjksih Mªkboj jkeflag us dgk gS fd mls lcls vf/d xqLlk rc vk;k tc ihfM+rk us mldk •qyk fojks/ fd;kA tc vklkjke ckiw ;g dgrs gSa fd yM+dh dks cykRdkfj;ksa ds iSjksa esa iM+ tkuk pkfg, Fkk] rks os ,d rjg ls Mªkboj jkeflag ds lksp dk gh leFkZu dj jgs gksrs gSAa ;g lksp] dsoy vklkjke ckiw dk

ugha gS] gekjs vf/drj jktuhfrdksa dk Hkh gS] os enZ gksa ;k vkSjr] eksgu Hkkxor gksa ;k eerk cuthZA ftu yksxksa us fnYyh esa Nk=kk ds lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj fd;k] os blh lekt ds ckf'kans gSAa ;g og lekt gS tgka foKkiuksa vkSj fiQYeksa esa vkSjr dks yxHkx uaxk fn•k fn;k tkrk gSA ;gka ^eqUuh cnuke gqbZ*] ^'khyk dh tokuh* ds ckn ,sls xkuksa ds cksyksa ij dksbZ jksd ugha fd ^eSa ranwjh eqxhZ gwa ;kj] ?kVdk ys eq>s ,Ydksgksy ls* (nacx&2 dk iQsohdksy okyk xhr)A lkewfgd cykRdkj djus okys Mªkbojksa vkSj fjD'kkpkydksa ds 'kSf{kd Lrj dks ns•saA mUgsa ,d lH; euq"; cukus ds fy, bl O;oLFkk us fdruk •pZ fd;k gS] bl ij Hkh lkspuk gksxkA D;k os le> ldrs gSa fd ,d iSjk&esfMdy Nk=kk bl lekt dks fdruk dqN ns ldrh gS vkSj mldh gR;k ugha djuh pkfg,A bu yksxksa us vkSjrksa dks dsoy vius ?kjksa esa •Vrs ns•k gSA mUgksaus 'kjkch firk vkSj ?kj esa pkpk&rkÅ dh tcnZLr fgalk >syrh gqbZ viuh cguksa vkSj ekavksa dks ns•k gSA mUgksaus ;qok gksrs&gksrs ns•k gS fd ?kj ds ijs'kkugky iq#"k muds lkFk lekt esa gks jgs vR;kpkjksa dk cnyk ?kj dh vkSjr dh nsg ls ysrs gSaA vkSj ?kj vxj xkao esa gks] rks 'kgj esa pyrh&fiQjrh dksbZ Hkh vkSjr mudk f'kdkj gks ldrh gSA mM+u'khy fons'kh vkSj nslh iwt a h efgykvksa dks ?kj ls ckgj vkus ds fy, vkeaf=kr dj jgh gS] ij lekt vc Hkh iq#"koknh opZLo dks cuk, j•uk pkgrk gSA m|ksxhdj.k ds fy,] vkSjr&enZ dh lekurk dk ç'u blfy, dsæa h; egÙo dk gSA usg: us dgk Fkk fd Hkkjr esa çxfr dk ;g vkye gS fd ,d rjiQ ukfHkdh; la;a=k gSa rks nwljh rjiQ xkscj dk pwYgkA vkt Hkh ge ns•rs gSa fd cM+s&cM+s 'kgjksa esa lM+dksa ij HkSl a k&cqXxh ds lkFk&lkFk eflZMht cSt a nkSMr+ h gqbZ fn•kbZ nsrh gSA ykycÙkh ij xkSj ls ns•us ij bu yach&yach dkjksa esa vui<+ xaokj ;qok Hkh fn•kbZ ns tkrs gSaA ;g uo /uk<Ô oxZ gS ftlds ikl fiNys dqN o"kks± esa uomnkjoknh uhfr;ksa ds dkj.k cgqr iSlk vk x;k gSA çk;% buds ikl

iq'rSuh tehu gS] tks 'kgjksa esa cM+s&cM+s ekWy cukus dh t:jr ds pyrs cgqr egaxh gks xbZ gSA ;qokvksa ds ikl ipkl&ipkl gtkj ds eksckby vkSj ?kfM+;ka] ysfdu f'k{kk ds uke ij fliQjA ,sls yM+ds tc 'kgjksa vkSj dLcksa esa viuh xkfM+;ksa esa fudyrs gSa rks efgyk,a budk igyk f'kdkj curh gSaA laiUurk vkSj Åaps jlw• ds dkj.k bl oxZ ds cykRdkjh ,d gh jkr esa tekur ysdj NwV tkrs gSaA idM+ esa vkrs gSa rks fjD'kkpkyd] Vªd Mªkboj vkfnA bldk vFkZ ;g ugha fd nfjæ oxZ ds yksxksa dks cykRdkj djus dk vf/dkj gSA ij gesa ;g dHkh ugha Hkwyuk pkfg,] tSlk fd Mk;lu dkVZj us viuh e'kgwj iqLrd ^iki vkSj foKku* esa fy•k gS fd ^^çR;sd vijk/ dk cht lekt esa ekStwn gksrk gSA lekt gh mu ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks tUe nsrk gS ftuls vijk/ ds fy, balku dks c<+kok feyrk gSA** ,d vkSj ckr! cykRdkj dk vFkZ bTtr dk pys tkuk ugha gksuk pkfg,A njvly] bTtr rks cykRdkjh dh tkuh pkfg, tSls fdlh yqVjs s ;k tscdrjs dh tkrh gS] ij gekjs ;gka bls vkSjr dh bTtr ls tksM+ fn;k x;k gSA Hkkjrh; naM lafgrk dh /kjk 354 vkSj 509 esa Hkh ^efgyk ds eku Hkax djus* dk ftØ gSA lq"kek Lojkt us cykRdkj dh f'kdkj efgykvksa dks ftank yk'k gh dg MkykA D;k dkSek;Z •ks tkus ls ,d L=kh ds thou dk ewY; •Re gks tkrk gS\ bl /kj.kk dks •kfjt djus dh t:jr gS fd vkSjr dh bTtr mldh ;ksfu esa gSA ;g mruh gh csgwnk ckr gS fd dksbZ ;g dgs fd ,d iq#"k dh cqf¼erk mlds tuukax esa gksrh gSA cykRdkj t?kU; vijk/ gS] blesa nks jk; ugha] ij ,d vkSjr dh ftanxh esa cgqr&lh ijs'kkfu;ka] isphnfx;ka gSa tSls fdlh iq#"k dh ftanxh esaA cgqr&lh ukjhoknh fL=k;ka fir`lÙkk ls uiQjr djrs&djrs iq#"kksa ls gh uiQjr djus yxrh gSaA loky fir`lÙkkRed O;oLFkk dks •Re djus dk gS] iq#"kksa dks ughaA eqfÙkQdkeh turk& ftlesa iq#"k vkSj fL=k;ka nksuksa 'kkfey gSa& ds la?k"kks± dk fgLlk cu dj gh fL=k;ksa lesr 'kksf"kr&ihfM+r oxks± dh vktknh vkSj bTtr dh j{kk dh tk ldrh gSA (lkHkkj%tulRrk)

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

vijk/




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

ppkZ esa

cgu dqekjh ek;korh iz/kuea=kh dh nkSM+ esa #

vkj lh foosd

ckck lkgsc MkW- ch-vkj- vEcsMdj us dgk Fkk fd vxj fdlh egku O;fDr dh fopkj/kjk dk izpkj&izlkj u fd;k tk;s rks og fopkj/kjk ,d fnu lekIr gks tkrh gSaA ckck lkgsc Hkh ,d egku O;fDr Fks ftUgkaus s lafo/ku cuk dj mu djksMk+ as nfyrksa dh xqykeh nwj dh tks gtkjksa lky ls >sy jgs FksA ekU;oj dka'khjke th us ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj dh fopkj /kjk dks iQSykus ds fy, ljdkjh ukSdjh NksM+h viuk ?kj ckj NksM+k] vius ekrk&firk NksM+s] lc dqN NksM+ dj nfyr lekt dks mUgksaus lc dqN lefiZr dj fn;kA nfyr lekt dks lefiZr djus ds ckn ekU;oj dka'khjke ds ikl viuk dqN Hkh ugha jgkA ;gka rd ru&eu&/u lekt dks lefiZr djus ds ckn os ,d lPps iQdhj dh rjg jgus yxsA lPpk iQdhj lekt esa iQSyh cqjkb;ksa dks lkjh ftUnxh nwj djus esa yxk jgrk gSa ekU;oj dka'khjke th iQdhj cu dj lkjh ftUnxh ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj dk liuk iwjk djus esa yxs jgsA ckck lkgsc dk liuk Fkk fd bl ns'k esa lerk ewyd lekt cus] vkil esa HkkbZ pkj cus vkSj ekuork ds :i esa ns'k dh lPph lsok djsaA ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj ,oa ekU;oj dka'khjke th ds }kjk tks lsok] nfyrksa] 'kksf"krksa oafprksa dh ml lsok dks nfyr 'kksf"kr oafpr dHkh Hkqyk ugha ika,xsaA ftl izdkj ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj dh fopkj/kjk dks c<+kus ekU;oj dka'khjke th us viuk ?kj ckj NksM+k] mlh izdkj cgu dqekjh ek;korh th us ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj rFkk ekU;oj dak'khjke dh fopkj/ kjk dks c<+kus ds fy, viuk ?kj&ckj NksM+kA cgu dqekjh ek;korh th us ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj ,oa ekU;oj dka'khjke th ds fe'ku dks c<+kus ds fy, ?kj&ckj rks NksM+k exj mUgksaus ekU;oj dka'khjke dh rjg

A

vkt nfyr] 'kksf"kr] oafpr lekt ,sls usrk dh ryk'k esa gS tks mUgsa bZekunkjh ls ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj ,oa ekU;oj dka'khjke th dh rjg usr`Ro ns ldsA bl ns'k dk 85 izfr'kr lekt LoPN ,oa bZekunkj usrk dh ryk'k esa gS tkss budks xjhch ls fudky lds] tks budks xqykeh ls fudky lds] tks Hkkjr dh Lora=krk dk ykHk ns ldsA

fy[kdj dgha ugha fn;kA mUgksaus dgha Hkh ugha fy[kk gS fd esjk ru eu /u lc lekt dk gksxkA esjk viuk lekt gh esjk viuk ?kj gksxkA vkt cgu dqekjh ek;korh th ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ds le{k [kM+s gksuk ilUn djrh gSa] ekU;oj dka'khjke th ds le{k [kM+k gksuk ilUn djrh gSa rks mUgsa ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj rFkk ekU;oj dka'khjke th dh rjg viuh R;kx riL;k fn[kk;h iM+xs h mUgsa ;g fy[k dj nsuk iM+xs k fd vkt tks Hkh esjs ikl gS oks lc lekt dk gS pkgs esjs ikl dksBh] dkj] caxyk gS] pkgs esjs ikl iSlk gS] lc dqN lekt dk gS rFkk cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dk gSA ,slk fy[kdj nsus ds ckn gh vkidks ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj ,oa ekU;oj

dka'khjke ds led{k [kM+k gksus dk vf/dkj turk Lohdkj djsxhA ,slh fMekaM fdlh ,d O;fDr dh ugha gS ,slh fMek.M lkjs lekt dh gSA vxj vki viuk mÙkjkf/ dkjh pqurh gS rks og Hkh viuk ifjokj NksM+dj ekU;oj dka'khjke th dh rjg cgqtu lekt dks lefiZr djs vkSj ;gh ijEijk vkxs Hkh pyrh jgs exj ,d ckr dk è;ku jgs fd muds ikl ,slh cqf¼ Hkh gksuh pkfg, tks lekt dks lgh fn'kk ns ldsA vkt nfyr] 'kksf"kr] oafpr lekt ,sls usrk dh ryk'k esa gS tks mUgsa bZekunkjh ls ckck lkgsc Mk- vEcsMdj ,oa ekU;oj dka'khjke th dh rjg usr`Ro ns ldsA bl ns'k dk 80 izfr'kr lekt LoPN ,oa bZekunkj usrk dh ryk'k esa gS tkss budks


fnYyh esa c-l-ik- dk c<+rk gqvk tuk/kj dksbZ Hkh jktk fdlh ns'k esa tc rd 'kku dj ldrk gSA tc rd turk dk fo'okl mlds lkFk gksrk gSa vHkh rd bl ns'k dh turk dk fo'okl dkaxl sz ds lkFk Fkk D;ksa fd dkaxzsl us ;gka Hkw[kh] uaxh etcwj turk dks ;g vk'oklu fn;k Fkk fd bl Lora=k dk ns'k esa rqEgsa Hkh Lora=krk dk uke feysxk ekj 65 lky esa dkaxzsl u mUgsa U;k; ns ldh] u Loar=krk ns ldh] u lerk nsldh] u HkkbZ pkjk ns ldh rFkk u jksVh diM+k&edku ns ldhA ;s ykpkj vNwr dy Hkh xqyke Fks vkSj vkt Hkh xqyke gSaA tks xjhc dy Hkh xjhc Fkk oks vkt Hkh xjhc gSA ns'k dh lUrk dk ykHk pUn yksxksa rd gh jgk vkSj ;s pUn yksx gh ns'k ds ekfyd cu dj xjhcksa ij jkt djus yxsA ns'k esa xjhcksa ds lkFk vU;k; dks ns[krs gq, cgqtu lekt ikVhZ ds laLFkkid ekU;oj dka'kh jketh us bu xjhcksa ls dgka fd dkaxzsl ;k Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ns'k esa jkt bl fy, ugha dj jgh fd os cgqr fo¼ku gS cfYd os bl fy, jkt dj jgh gS fd bl ns'k dh turk vKku gSA mUgsa vius okjs dk Kku ugha gS] mUgsa viuh xqykeh dk Kku ugha gSaA mUgsa fofHkUu tkfr;ksa esa cVs gksus dk Kku ugha gSA mUgksa gj ikap lky ckn u;s&u;s izykseu fn;s tkrs gSa ekj gj ckj muds lkFk /ks[kk gksrk gS] bl ckr dk Kku ugha gSA ekU;oj dka'khjke th us bUgsa vius ckjs dk Kku djk;k]xqyke

gksus dk ,glkl djk;k] fofHkUu tkfr;ksa esa oVs gksus dk Kku djk;k] muds mQij gksus okys vU;k; rFkk vR;kpkj dk Kku djk;k] mUgksaus dgk Fkk fd ftudh ek¡ cgu csfV;ksa dh bfTtr lqjf{kr ugha gksrh] os xqyke gksrs gSaA gs xqykeks]a vxj rqEgkjh ek¡&cgu csfV;ksa dh bfTtr lqjf{kr ugha gS rks viuh ljdkj cukvksaA ftudh ljdkjsa gksrh gSa] oks 'kkld gksrs gSa vkSj 'kkld dh ek¡&cgu vkSj csVh dh vkSj dksbZ vk¡[k mBk dj ugha ns[k ldrk bfrgkl bl ckr dk xokg gS fd tkfye vkSj tqYe ls u jksdk tk;] bZV dk tcko iRFkj ls u fn;k tk; rks tkfye dk gkSlyk vkSj c<+ tkrk gSA ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj dh ,d ckr ges'kk ;kn j[kks] tqYe djus ckys ls tqYe lgus ckyk T;knk xqukgxkj gksrk gSA

ekU;oj dka'khjke th dh izsj.k Jksr ckrs lqudj xjhcksa esa] nfyrksa esa xqykeh ls fudyus dh NV&iVk 'kq: gks xbZ vkSj muds }kjk cukbZ xbZ cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dk lkFk nsuk 'kq: dj fn;kA ekU;oj dka'khjke th dh psruk ls mÙkj izns'k esa xjhcksa us cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dk lkFk fn;k vkSj cgu dqekjh ek;korh th pkj&pkj ckj mÙkj izns'k esa eq[; ea=kh cuk;kA vkt fnYyh esa Hkh ekU;oj dka'khjke th dh izsj.k rFkk ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ds ewy ea=k

f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr jgks rFkk la?k"kZ djks ,oa lerk ewyd lekt dh LFkkiuk djks vkSj ns'k dh lÙkk dks vius gkFk esa ysdj ns'k dh j{kk djks rFkk ns'k lsok dks vius gkFk esa ysdj ns'k dh j{kk djks rFkk ns'k lsok djks D;ksa fd ;s ns'k rqEgkk gSA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ,oa ekU;oj dka'khjke th dh fopkj /kjk ls vke turk fnu izfr fnu cgqtu lekt ikVhZ ls tqM+rh tk jgh gS D;ksa fd dkaxzsl ds Hkz"Vkpkj rFkk eaxkbZ ls ijs'kku gS vkSj Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh lkEiznk;drk ls ijs'kku gSA cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dh ,d ek=k ,slh ikVhZ gS tks HkkbZ pkjs dh ckr djrh gSA vr% cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dk tuk/kj fnu izfr fnu cM+h rsth ls c<+ jgk gSA vkt iwjh fnYyh esa lkjh turk dks cgqtu lekt ikVhZ gh lgh ikVhZ utj vk jgh gSA fnYyh ds dk;ZdrkZvksa us iwjh fnYyh dks bruk mitkmQ cuk fn;k gS fd dkaxzsl rFkk oh-ts-ih- nksuksa gh ikfVZ;k¡ ?kojkbZ gqbZ utj vk jgh gSaA fnYyh ds dk;ZdrkZvksa ds dk;Z dks ns[krs gq, ;g eglwl gksus yxk gS fd oh- ,l-ih- de ls de 20 ls 25 lhVsa thr jgh gSa vxj oh-,l-ih- 20 lhVsa Hkh thr tkrh gS rks fnYyh esa ljdkj ch-,l-ih- dh gksrh vkSj fdlh ughaA ^^dkaxl sz ns[kh] oh- ts-ih- ns[kh vc cgqtu dh okjh gSA gkFkh ij cVu nokvksa rks ljdkj gekjh gSA**

xjhch ls fudky lds] tks budks xqykeh ls fudky lds] tks Hkkjr dh Lora=krk dk ykHk ns lds] tks lafo/ku ds vf/dkjksa dks ns lds] tks MseksØslh ds vf/dkjksa dks ns lds] tks lsD;wyfjTe ds vf/dkjksa dks ns ldsA lgh usr`Ro u gksus dh otg ls nfyr lekt gh ugha iwjk ns'k liQj dj jgk gSA fo'o dk vkadM+k crkrk gS fd Hkkjr djI'ku esa igyk uEcj j[krk gSA

vxj blh izdkj ns'k esa fj'or[kksjh pyrh jgha] pksjh MdSrh pyrh jgh] fdMusfiax rFkk jsfiax pyrh jgh] tula[;k c<+rh jgh] rks ns'k ,d fnu viuk vfLrRo gh [kks cSBsxkA ,slh vfUre voLFkk vkus ij ns'k dks dksbZ cpk ugha ldsxkA ckck lkgsc MkvECksMdj us dgk Fkk fd ;g ns'k rqEgkjk gS vr% dfBu ls dfBu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ns'k dks cpkus dk rqEgkjk igyk drZO; gksxkA

vxj ns'k cpkus esa rqEgkjh tku Hkh tk; rks ijokg u djukA ;gh esjh lHkh yksxksa dks vafre lykg gSA vr% ge lHkh Hkkjroklh ,oa ewyfuoklh cgu dqekjh ek;korh th ls vk'kk djrs gS fd nfyrks]a 'kksf"krks]a oafprksa ,oa ewy fuokfl;ksa dh [kkfrj vkxs vk;asxh vkSj ns'k cpk;saxhA ys[kd clik] fnYyh izns'k ds egklfpo gSaA

^^thuk tyhy gkssdj] fdlh udZ ls de ughaaA vxj bfTtr ds lkFk tku Hkh tk; rks xe ughaAA**

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

ppkZ esa




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

y"kq&dFkk

dkaofM+;k cæh dk bl nqfu;ka esa mldh eka ds vykok vkSj dksbZ ugha FkkA vkSj ogh eka cgqr chekj Fkh vktA viuh eka dks chekj ns[k cæh fcyfcykus yxk Fkk] ^^eka rqe FkksM+h lh fgEer djksA rqe lkbfdy ds dSfj;j ij cSB tkukA eSa rqEgsa vPNs MkDVj ds ikl fn[kkus ys pyw¡xk----”kgjA** bruk dgdj mlus viuh eka dks lkbfdy ds dSfj;j ij cSBk fy;k Fkk vkSj vius xkao ls 'kgj dh vksj py fn;k FkkA tSls gh xkao ds dPps jkLrs ls 'kgj dh lM+d ij vk;k rks lUu jg x;k Fkk cæhA lM+d can FkhA egknso Hkksys ds HkDr dkaoM+ fy, tk jgs Fks blfy, lektlsfo;ksa vkSj /keZkoyfEc;ksa us jkLrk can dj fn;k Fkk rkfd dkaofM+;ksa dks fdlh Hkh rjg dh vlqfo/kk u gksA bruk gh ugha muds fy, jkLrs esa gh muds [kkus&ihus Bgjus ds fy, f”kfoj Hkh yxk, x, FksA cæh ijs”kku gksus yxk FkkA mlus eka dks lkbfdy ij cSBkdj /khjs&/khjs pyuk 'kq: fd;k gh Fkk fd----------------,d dkaofM+;k ls chekj eka dk iSj Nw x;k Fkk njvly gqvk ;g Fkk fd ml dkaofM+;k¡ us f”kfoj ls ysdj FkksM+h lh Hkkax p[k yh Fkh blfy, mlds iSj yM+[kM+k jgs Fks vkSj og chekj eka ds iSj ls Nw x;k FkkA ^^rwus eq>s vifo= dj fn;k uhp---A** dkaofM+;k chekj eka dks fy, tk jgs mlds csVs ls cksyk FkkA ^^eq>ls xyrh gks xbZ {kek dj nhft,** eka dh chekjh ls O;fFkr cæh cksyk FkkA ^^{kek dSlhA tc rq>s irk gS fd ;g jkLrk ge yksxksa ds fy, gS rks rw blls vk;k gh D;ksa\** nwljk dkaofM+;k cksyk Fkk & ^^eka cgqr chekj gS----MkDVj ds ikl ys tkuk Fkk----tYnh Fkh--------eq>ls xyrh gks xbZA** og fxM+fxM+k;k FkkA ^^rsjh xyrh rks eSa fudkyrk gw-¡ ---A** bruk dgdj dkaofM+;ksa ds lkFk py jgk ,d vU; dkaofM+;k viuh dkaoM+] ogha dkaoM+ j[kus ds fy, lqjf{kr LFkku ij j[kdj ]cæh ij fiy iM+k FkkA fQj D;k Fkk tks Hkh Hkxoku egknso dk HkDr fudyrk cæh ij ykr ?kwl ¡ k cjlkus yxrk FkkA cæh dks fiVrs ns[k eka viuh chekjh Hkwydj mlds ikl igqp ¡ uk pkg jgh Fkh fd fdlh us mls ,d rjQ Qsd a fn;k FkkA rHkh fdlh dkoafM+;k us cæh ds eqag ij ykr ns ekjh FkhA ykr ds yxrs gh cæh ds eaqg ls [kwu dh /kkjk cgus yxh FkhA QM+QM+kus yxk Fkk cæhA rHkh rk.Mo djrs dkaofM+;k¡ viuh&viuh dkaoM+ mBkdj pyus yxs FksA eka cæh ds ikl f?klV&f?klV dj igqap xbZ FkhA cæh dk 'kjhj mldk lkFk NksM+us yxk FkkA eka us vius csVs dk flj viuh xksn esa j[k fy;k Fkk fd cæh us vka[ks [kksy nh Fkh] ^^eka--eSa---rsjs--fy,-eka eSa rq>s-------MkDVj-------ds ikl ugha------A eka eq>s eka-----d-----d----A** ,d ckj [kqyh vka[ks fiQj can ugha gqbZ FkhA Ekak jksbZ ugha FkhA viyd vius csVs dks fugkjrh jgh Fkh vkSj ns[krs gh ns[krs mlh ds Åij gh >qd xbZ FkhA dkaofM+;ksa ds ikao esa ca/ks ?kq?a kq:vksa vkSj ^t; Hkksy-s -t; Hkksy*s dh vkokt vc Hkh gokvksa esa xwat jgh FkhA ys[kd&MkW- iwju flag


iRFkj (, iksVªsV vkWiQ •ki) •ki iapk;rksa vkSj vkWuj fdfyax dk •kSiQ dqN bl dnj rkjh gS fd b'd dh Myh u fuxyrs curh gS] u mxyrsA ysfdu b'd dh bcknr djus okys ijaijkvksa dh ca/h&ca/kbZ Mksj NksM+ ,sls gh ekSt esa ?kwers jgsaxs] bl mEehn esa fd dHkh rks bl Myh dk Lokn tqcka dks lqdwu ns ldsA dqijaijkvksa dks csfM+;ka cuk, j•us okys bu ^Hkwrksa* dh •Cr ds fy, u ckrsa] u ykrsa] cl b'd dk ;gh tquwa dkiQh gSA & euq euLoh

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

dfork



eSa vDlj iRFkj ij dkxt yisV cqykrk Fkk rqEgsa unh fdukjs vkSj rqe Hkh dHkh ued ;k dHkh pk;iÙkh ds cgkus ?kj ls fudy nkSM+ vkrh Fkh ml dkxt ds lgkjs tkurk gwa eSa fd rqe lgsts gq, gks dkxtksa ds lkFk mu iRFkjksa dks Hkh

vHkh rdA rqEgkjs ?kj ds lkeus pk; dh nqdku ij v•ckj dh vksV ls eSa rdrk jgrk Fkk rqEgsa nqdku ls eq>s 'kgj ugha rsjk ?kj fn•rk Fkk dsoy vkt rd ugha le> ik;k eSa fd v•ckj esa D;k Nirk gS vkSj rsjs vykokA ml jkr Hkh eSaus iRFkj ij <sj lk I;kj yisV mNkyk Fkk rsjh f•M+dh ij ij u rqe vk;h u dksbZ tokcA ml fnu ds ckn ls bd nfj;k cgrk gS gekjs ?kjksa ds chp lq•Z yky •wu dk lquk gS rqEgkjh ,saBh gqbZ eqfêò;ksa ls esjs dkxt u fudky ik, Fks okss ysfdu oks iRFkj fc•js iMs? gSa vc rd esjs lkeusA vc Hkh cSBrk gwa eSa mlh pk; dh nqdku ij vc Hkh v•ckj esa dqN ugha Nirk rsjs flok vkSj nqdku ls vc Hkh 'kgj ugha rsjk ?kj fn•rk gS dsoyA


cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

ckS¼ bfrgkl

vux<+ bfrgkl dk nslh fprsjk

vkfnoklh cq¼ dh ijaijk ds vuq;k;h gSa

A

xkSre cq¼ vkSj vkfnoklh lekt ds chp cgqr gh xgjk fj'rk jgk gSA vkSj vxj muds rF;ksa vkSj rdks± dks lqusaxs] rks ;g Hkh yxsxk fd vkfnoklh lekt cq¼ ds lPps vuq;k;h gSa vkSj cq¼ vkfnoklh ija i jk ds gh Kkuoku] foos d h uk;d FksA



#

vuqiek

xkSre cq¼ vkSj vkfnoklh lekt ds chp cgqr gh xgjk fj'rk jgk gSA vkSj vxj muds rF;ksa vkSj rdks± dks lqusaxs] rks ;g Hkh yxsxk fd vkfnoklh lekt cq¼ ds lPps vuq;k;h gSa vkSj cq¼ vkfnoklh ijaijk ds gh Kkuoku] foosdh uk;d FksA vki bfrgkl esa tk,a rks ik,axs fd cq¼ dk tUe ljuk o`{k ds 'kkydqat esa gqvk vkSj mudk egkifjfuokZ.k Hkh l•qvk o`{k ds uhps ghA ckS¼ /eZ esa tc egk;ku vkSj ghu;ku uke ls nks vyx&vyx / kjk,a fudyha] rks ghu;ku us /EepØ vkSj o`{k dks viuk;kA egk;kuh ewfrZ dh iwtk djus yxsA ,slk yxrk gS vkfnoklh ghu;kuh jkg ij pysA ckS¼dky ls igys dHkh Hkh dgha vkfnoklh thou esa 'kky o`{k dh egÙkk dh ppkZ ugha feyrhA

MhMh dkS'kkach ds bfrgkl ds fdrkcksa dk gokyk ls irk pyrk gSa fd dkS'kkach us lkiQ&lkiQ fy•k gS fd cq¼ dk xks=k ugha cfYd VksVe Fkk] tks 'kky gh FkkA vc ;g rks lc tkurs gSa fd VksVe vkfnoklh lekt es a gh gks r k gS A çfl¼ bfrgkldkj MkW jk/kdqeqn eq•thZ dh fdrkc dk gokys Hkh irk pyk gS fd cq¼ dk dqy ewy dksy eqaMk gh FkkA ,d vkSj fdrkc MkW j?kqukFk flag }kjk fyf•r cq¼ dFkk dk gokyk nsrs gSaA MkW j?kqukFk flag us fy•k gS fd cq¼ dh ekrk egkek;k nsong uked jkt ds dksy jktk dh iq=kh FkhA dadtksy çns'k vkt ds laFkky ijxuk bykds dks gh dgrs FksA ogha ij ,d ckj o"kkZokl ds nkSjku dataxyk vkSj cq¼ dk vkeuk&lkeuk gqvk FkkA cq¼ us dataxyk dks egkfonq"kh dgk FkkA dataxyk us muds

f'k";ksa ls cq¼ ds fu;e ij loky mBk;s FksA c¼ •qn dataxyk ds ikl igqaps Fks 'kadk lek/ku djus vkSj mlds ckn datxayk ds lokyksa dh rkdr ns•dj mUgksaus mUgsa egkfonq"kh dgk FkkA dataxyk ds eu esa rc cq¼ ds çfr mBs lokyksa vkfnokfl;ksa ds ckS¼ /eZ ls tqM+ko dh vksj ladsr nsrs gSaA ml ladsr dks NksM+ Hkh nsa rks vkfnoklh bykds ls cq¼ ds xgjs tqM+ko ds vkSj ladsr rks feyrs gh jgs gSaA >kj•aM esa bV•ksjh] xkSre/kjk vkfn mlds çek.k gSaA ;g çek.k feFk gks ;k gdhdr ysfdu xaobZ psruk ls ySl vux<+ bfrgkl ds vè;srk dh ckrksa esa rks ne gSA mUgsa bfrgkldkj u Hkh ekusa rks Hkh bfrgkl dk ,d Nksj rks Fkek gh jgs gSa u;h O;k[;k ds fy,] u;s rjhds ls le> c<kus ds fy,A


laLdkj mÙkstuk dk izo`r Hkko gS #

'khy cksf/

tc ;g iz'u iwNk tkrk gS fd izR;;leqRikn dks Hkxoku us /Ee dgk gS vkSj dgk gS fd /Ee gh nq[k dk dkj.k gSA nq[k ds dkj.kksa dh vle> gh vfo|k gSA vfo|k ls laLdkj mRiUu gksrs gSa rc vDlj iwNk tkrk gS fd Hkxoku ds /Ee esa laLdkj D;k gS\ Hkxoku us nq[k dk dkj.k tc euq"; ds O;ogkj esa gh ns[kk rks mUgksaus fn[kkbZ nsus okys O;ogkj ds nks"kksa dk Kku ckjg Hkkxksa esa foHkDr fd;k rkfd O;ogkfjd nks"kksa dh lgh le> cusA vfo|k igyk dkj.kHkwr gS] vfo|k gS blfy, laLdkj gSA vfo|k esa og dkj.k gS]a tks laLdkj dks tUe nsrh gSA vfo|k u gks] fo|k gks] pkj vk;Z lR;] dlkSVh dh rjg gks] rks Hkh laLdkj iSnk ugha gksaxsA Hkxoku cq¼ us nq[k dks tku ysus ds fy, tks vuqla/ku fd;k mldk nwljk vuqizek.kd laLdkj gS] ;g vuqiez k.kd blfy, gS D;ksafd ;g nq[k ds dkj.kksa dks iQyhHkwr djus esa viuk lg;ksx nsrk gSA ftl izdkj vfo|k ls nq[k iSnk djus okys laLdkj mRiUu gksrs gSa oSls gh laLdkj ls nq[k dk foKku iSnk gksrk gS] yx ldrk gS fd dqN pht+ksa ds fo"k; esa fd ;s rks lq[k igqapkus okyh vuqHkwfr;ka gSaA tSls eksg rks lq[kkuqHkwfr gSA ckyd dk eksg] eksg esa ca/ k euq"; D;k&D;k ugha dj tkrkA fdrus gh d"Vnk;d dÙkZO;ksa dks galrs&galrs iw.kZ dj tkrk gSA ysfdu rqe Lo;a gh vkDdyu djksa fd D;k eksg esa nq[k ds izR;; ekStwn ugha gSA eksg esa og vHkh u fn[kkbZ nsus okys cht ugha gS ftlls nq[k dk fo'kky isM+ [kM+k gksxkA tks dkVs u dVsxkA ,d [kjknh FkkA e'khu ij ?kqers pDds esa yksgs dks iQSalk dj dy&iqtsZa cukrk FkkA mls ;kn Fkk fd mlds izf'k{kd us mls crk;k Fkk fd dy&iqtsZa dks cukrs le; blesa fyIr ugha gks tkukA ;fn iqtsZ dks x<+us esa rqe fyIr

gq, rks rqe mldh lajpuk djrs gq, [kqn dks Hkh Hkwy tkvksxs] ml le; rqEgkjk psru Hkko lks;k gksxk rqe ogka gksdj Hkh ogka ugha gksxsA e'khu esa rqEgkjs diM+s iQSal tk,axs vkSj rqe cM+h nq?kZVuk ds f'kdkj gks tkvksaxsA ges'kk vius gks'k dks dk;e j[kuk vkSj lpsr jgukA tgka rqEgkjh lpsrrk] pSR; Hkko detksj iM+k fd rqe eqlhcr esa iMs+A dk;Z vkSj deZdkj ds chp ,d rVLFk laca/ gksuk pkfg,A ;g rVLFk laca/ rHkh dk;e gks ldsxk tc oLrq ;k oLrqfLFkfr dh izof` Ùk dk Kku gksxkA izor` izR;; dh le> ls laLdkj dk Hkko Li"V gksrk gSA dk;Z ;k oLrq esa ;fn vfLrRo dh mifLFkfr gS] mifLFkfr dh fLFkfr dsoy izo`Ùk xq.k ds dkj.k gS D;ksafd izo`fÙk lxq.krk dk fodkl gSA ;fn izo`fÙk esa lxq.krk ugha gksxh rks fiQj oLrq ;k oLrqfLFkfr dk fodkl vfLrRoeku ugha gksxk ;kuh izof` Ùk dh lxq.krk dk vfLrRoeku gh laLdkj gSA vfLrRoeku gksus dh izcy laHkkouk dh fLFkfr laLdkj gSaA ,d mnkgj.k yhft,] 'kknh ,d oLrqfLFkfr gS] ysfdu ;g rHkh vfLrRo esa vk ldsxh tc 'kknh ls tqM+s laLdkj izo`r gksaxsA laLdkj izR;; ds mB [kMs+ gksus dh rS;kjh gSA tks tSlk gS dks oSlk ns[kuk] ns[kuk gS ysfdu tks ns[kk tk jgk gS mls ftruk gks lds leiw.kZrk esa ns[kuk vyx ckr gSA tc ge viuh fØ;kvksa dks è;kuiwoZd ns[krs gSa] rc gesa viuh fØ;kvksa ds ifj.kke dh fLFkfr dks mHkjus ds fufgrkFkZ irk gksus pkfg,A dkj.kksa dh mÙkstuk ds fcuk dksbZ Hkh izR;; izo`r dSls gks ldrk gS blfy, nks ;k nks ls vf/d oLrq ds la;ksx ds chp fLFkr mÙkstuk ml okluk dk ,d izo`r Hkko gS ftl otg ls ,slh laHkkouk dk tUe gksrk gS fd oLrq ;k oLrqfLFkfr vfLrRoeku gksus dh vksj vxzlj gksrh gSA tks izd`fr esa gS] og lHkh dqN izkd`frd gS] ysfdu bl ckr dh le> t:jh

gS fd gj izkd`frd pht dh izo`fÙk rks ,d tSlh ugha gSA tgj vkSj djsyk Lokn esa ,d tSls yx ldrs gSa ysfdu nksuksa dh izdf` r ,d ugha gksrh gSA izo`fÙk dks u tkuus okyk euq"; tc izkd`frd phtksa dk bLrseky dj ysrk gS rks nq[k esa iM+ ldrk gSA mlh izdkj vfo|k vkSj laLdkj dks fcuk tkus tks euq"; O;ogkj djrk gS] og vius fy, nq[k dks bdV~Bk djrk pyrk gSA [kjknh us vius izf'k{kd dh ckr dk ges'kk [;ky j[kkA nq?kZVuk ls cpk jgkA izf'k{kd us mls tks t:jh Fkk] tSls iqtkZ cukuk] ds fy, dHkh euk ugha fd;k ysfdu ml gks'k dks tkxs j[kus ds fy, lpsr fd;k] ftlds u gksus ij] vkneh csgks'kh esa dke djrk gSA eka vius cPps dks ikys] ;g rks t:jh gS ysfdu mu izR;; dks izor` u gksus ns fd viuh ekStwnxh dks Hkh Hkwy tk,A gks'k dk;e j[ksaA eka dks ;fn ;g lgh Kku gksxk fd og cPpk D;ksa iky jgh gS] og cPpk ikyus dk lgh&lgh dkj.k tkurh gS rks fuf'pr :i ls og nq[k ;k lq[k esa fNis mu dkj.kksa ds izR;; ;kuh laLdkjksa dks flj ugha mBkus nsxh tks vkxs pydj nq[k dh mit gksaxsA laLdkj dh ;fn igpku ugha gS rks vklfDr iSnk gks tkrh gSA D;ksa dksbZ pht vfLrRoeku gqbZ] ;g ns[kuk gh mlds izo`r xq.kksa dks igpkuuk gSA tSlh izof` Ùk gksxh oSls gh laLdkj ds xq.k ifjyf{kr gksaxs tks oLrq ;k oLrqfLFkfr dks vkdkj nsuk 'kq: djrs gSaA laLdkj u fn[kkbZ nsus okyh pht gS] tSls cht esa oV o`{k fn[kkbZ ugha nsrk gSA laLdkj cht ugha gS] cfYd cht ds vanj gh ,d ,slk izo`r Hkko gS tks tc fØ;k djrk gS rks cht isM+ cuus dh vksj fodkleku gksrk gSA laLdkj dks fLFkfr ugha dg ldrs D;ksafd laLdkj fLFkfr dks mRiUu djus dh mÙkstuk ds izR;; gSaA ('ks"k vxys vad esa)

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

/Ee ns'kuk




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

O;oLFkk

nfyr รงksiQsljksa dk mRihMu cnkZ'r ls ckgj ch,p;w esa nfyr รงksiQsljksa dks ySc esa รงos'k ugha djus nsrs lhfu;j



A

i=kdkfjrk foHkkx dk rktk ekeyk lcds lkeus gSA efgyk รงksA 'kksHkuk ds lkFk dbZ lkyksa ls mRihM+u fd;k tk jgk gSA nfyr Nk=kksa dks lk{kkRdkj ijh{kk esa de uacj fn, tkrs gSaA muds fjlpZ dks nck fn;k tkrk gS----

#

jkds'k dqekj

okjk.klhA ch,p;w ds ntZuksa รงksiQslj nfyr mRihM+u ds ekeys dks ysdj vkร˜ks'k esa gSAa mUgksua s vkjksi yxk;k fd fo'ofo|ky; esa nfyr oxZ ds รงksiQsljksa] Nk=kksa vkSj deZpkfj;ksa ds lkFk lkSrsyk O;ogkj fd;k tk jgk gSA dbZ foHkkxksa esa lhfu;j รงksiQslj nfyr รงksiQsljksa dks ySc esa รงos'k djus ugha nsrs gSaA ckgj jgus dks dgrs gSaA blds fojks/ esa os vkt ,u mnn~Iik lHkkxkj esa dqyifr yky th flag ls feydj viuh leL;kvksa dks jโ€ขsaxsA ch,p;w ds f'kdk;rdrkZ f'k{kd ehfM;k ls ckr djrs gq, ch,p;w ds dqN รงksiQsljksa us dgk fd foHkkx esa mudk mRihM+u fd;k tk jgk gSA bfrgkl foHkkx ds ,lksfl,V รงksA MkWA egs'k รงlkn vfgjokj us dgk fd

fo'ofo|ky; ds vanj lSdM+ksa nfyr Nk=kksa] deZpkfj;ksa vkSj รงksiQsljksa ds lkFk lkSrsyk O;ogkj fd;k tkrk gSA vc vR;kpkj cnkZLr ds ckgj gks x;k gSA bruk gh ugha dbZ foHkkxksa esa lhfu;j รงksiQslj nfyr รงksiQsljksa dks ySc esa รงos'k ugha djus nsrs gSaA ckgj jgus dks dgrs gS A f'k{kk ladk; ds รงks lat; lksudj us crk;k fd i=kdkfjrk foHkkx dk rktk ekeyk lcds lkeus gSA blesa efgyk รงksA 'kksHkuk th ds lkFk dbZ lkyksa ls mRihM+u fd;k tk jgk gSA mudks dbZ lkyksa ls lhfu;j รงksiQslj Dykl Hkh ugha ysus nsrs FksA mUgksaus ;g Hkh vkjksi yxk;k fd nfyr Nk=kksa dks lk{kkRdkj ijh{kk esa de uacj fn, tkrs gSaA muds fjlpZ dks nck fn;k tkrk gSA ร‘f"k foKkua laLFkku ds รงksA yky pan รงlkn us crk;k fd gekjs lkFk yxkrkj

vHkรฆ O;ogkj fd;k tkrk gSA f'kdk;r djus ij foHkkx mldks vkxs ugha c<+krk] cfYd mls okil ysus ds fy, ncko cuk;k tkrk gSA ch,p;w esa ,sls lSdM+ksa ekeys lkeus vk, gSAa gekjs dbZ 'kks/ksa dks รงdkf'kr gksus ls igys gh jksd fn;k tkrk gSA dyk ladk; ds ,lksfl,V รงksA jkgqy jkt us crk;k fd etcwju nfyr รงksiQsljksa dks fiNys dbZ eghuksa esa jk"Vยชh; vuqlwfpr tkfr ,oa vuqlfw pr tutkfr vk;ksx] efgyk vk;ksx dk njoktk balkiQ ds fy, โ€ขVโ€ขVkuk iM+k gSA dqyifr Hkh ekeys dks laKku esa ysdj dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha djrs gSaA foKkua ladk; ds รงksA vkj,u โ€ขjokj us crk;k fd lSdM+ksa mRihMu ds ekeys ;wfuoflZVh esa ncs gq, gSAa vc le; vk x;k gS fd ,d vkokt cqyan dj dqyifr ls feydj viuh ckrksa dks jโ€ขk tk,A


^nfyr ehfM;k dks vkxs ykus dh t#jr* #

cs/M+d U;wt+ MsLd

ehfM;k esa nfyrksa ds lkFk nfyr leL;k,a Hkh vuqifLFkr gSaA lkFk gh os vxj ehfM;k esa vk Hkh tk;s rks djsaxs D;k\ ,d cM+k loky ekStwn gS] ftl ij lexz :i ls fopkj djus dh t:jr gSA eq[; /kjk dh ehfM;k dks turkaf=kd dSls cuk;k tk;s bl ij Hkh foe'kZ dh vko';drk gSA ,d ifjlaokn ds nkSjku tkus ekus vkykspd ohjsaæ ;kno us dgk fd ehfM;k esa eqdEey Hkkjr dh rLohj ugha fn•kbZ nsrh gS] xkao ugha gS]a gkf'k;s dk lekt ugha gSA ehfM;k esa nfyrksa ds lkFk nfyr leL;k,a Hkh vuqifLFkr gSA vkt lekt dks lexz utfj;s ls ns•us dh t:jr gSA mifLFkfr ds lkFk] nfyr lekt ds vkykspuk dh t:jr ds fy, Hkh ehfM;k esa nfyrksa dh vko';drk gSA bl ekSds ij nfyr fpard v:.k •ksVs us dgk fd bfrgkl esa tk;as rks nfyr gh ehfM;k ds tud jgs gSaA blds ckotwn f'k{kk vkSj lalk/uksa ls oafpr ;g oxZ vc ehfM;k ls yxHkx xk;c gks x;k gSA vkt ckr fliQZ ehfM;k esa nfyrksa ds çfrfuf/Ro Hkj dk ugha gS] cfYd nfyrksa ds eqíksa ds fy, D;k ;gka txg gS&loky ;g Hkh gSA nfyr fpard ,l- vkj- nkjkiqjh us dgk fd nfyrksa ds lkFk vc Hkh HksnHkko cjdjkj gSA ysfdu ;g lc ehfM;k esa •cj ugha curh gS] D;ksafd ehfM;k Hkh mlh f}t opZLo dks cjdjkj j•uk pkgrk gSA mUgksaus dgk fd ehfM;k esa nfyr ugha gS ;g lPpkbZ gS rks loky ;g gS fd ge D;k djsaA ,sls esa nfyr ehfM;k dks vkxs ykus dh t#jr gSA nwljh vksj çxfr'khy efgyk ,lksfl,'ku dh jk"Vªh; mikè;{k rkfgjk glu us dgk fd jktuhfr dks le>rs gq, nfyrksa vkSj eqLyekuksa dks ,d lkFk vkxs vkuk gksxk vkSj ykecan rjhds ls yM+kbZ yM+uh gksxhA tu laLÑfr eap ds la;kstd dkS'ky fd'kksj us dgk fd dgus dks rks yksdrkaf=kd O;oLFkk gS ysfdu lkekftd cjkcjh vkt Hkh nqyZHk gSA

yksdkfiZr ^ehfM;k esa nfyr <+wa<+rs jg tkvksxs* uked iqLrd ds ys•d vkSj vkdk'kok.kh iVuk ds lekpkj laiknd lat; dqekj us dgk fd ehfM;k dks yksdra=k dk pkSFkk •aHkk rks dgk tkrk gS ijarq bldh cukoV tkfroknh rFkk nfyr fojks/h gSA nfyr ehfM;k ls tqM+uk rks pkgrs gSa] ysfdu mUgsa tku&cw>dj blls nwj j•k tkrk gSA ;fn dksbZ çfrHkk'kkyh vkSj ;ksX; nfyr ehfM;k esa ços'k ik Hkh ysrk gS rks mls 'kh"kZ rd igqapus ugha fn;k tkrk] cfYd mls ckgj dk jkLrk fn•kus ds yxkrkj mik; <aw<+s tkrs gSaA mUgksaus jk"Vªh; ehfM;k ds loZs dk gokyk nsrs gq, dgk fd dqy tula[;k esa 8 çfr'kr okyh Åaph tkfr;ksa

dk ehfM;k gkÅl esa 71 çfr'kr 'kh"kZ inksa ij dCtk gSA buesa 49 çfr'kr czkã.k] 14 çfr'kr dk;LFk] oS'; vkSj jktiwr 7&7 çfr'kr] •=kh&9] xSj f}t mPp tkfr&2 vkSj vU; fiNM+h tkfr;ka 4 çfr'kr gSAa buesa nfyr dgha ugha fn•rsA blh loZs ds eqrkfdc fcgkj ds ehfM;k esa lo.kks± dk 87 çfr'kr dCtk gSA buesa czkã.k 34] jktiwr 23] Hkwfegkj&14 vkSj dk;LFk 16 çfr'kr gaSA 'ks"k 13 çfr'kr esa fiNM+h tkfr] vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ks]a eqlyekuksa vkSj nfyrksa dh fgLlsnkjh gSA buesa lcls de yxHkx 01 çfr'kr nfyr i=kdkj gh fcgkj dh ehfM;k ls tqMs+ gSAa tcfd ljdkjh ehfM;k laLFkkuksa esa esa yxHkx 12 çfr'kr nfyr gSaA

nfyrksa dk ehfM;k gh ugha lekt ds fdlh Hkh eq[;/kjk esa mfpr çfrfuf/Ro ugh gSA mUgsa lfn;ksa ls tku cq>dj vyx Fkyx j•k x;k gSA fuLlangs ,slh O;oLFkk vuSfrd vkSj vk/kjghu gS A vkt nfyr vius vf/dkj vkSj vfLerk dks ysdj ltx gq, gSa vkSj oÙkQ dk rdktk gS fd Lo.kZ tkfr;ka vius iwokZxzgksa dks NksM+dj lPpkbZ dks Lohdkj djs A lekt ds ,d cM+s oxZ ds mis{kk ds dkj.k gh Hkkjr vius lqnh?kZ xkSjo'kkyh vrhr ds ckotwn lfn;ksa rd xqykeh dh csfM+;ksa esa tdM+k jgkA feF;k tkrh; ;'kksxku vkSj vfHktkR; lksp us ns'k dks jlkry esa igqp a k fn;kA ,d cM+s oxZ dh mis{kk dj ds dksbZ Hkh lekt Hkyk ftUnk dSls jg ldrk gS \ ckotwn blds Hkkjrh; lekt ds ftUnk cps jgus dk dkj.k nfyrksa dh lgu'khyrk] ekuoh; lkSgkærk esa fo'okl vkSj viuh feVVh ls I;kj jgk gSaA fygktk ] ;g le; dk rdktk gS dh ge viuh xyfr;ksa dks lq/kjsA jgh ckr fofHkUu laLFkkuksa esa mfpr çfrfuf/Ro dh rks mUgsa (nfyrksa) t:j feyuk pkfg, ysfdu dsoy blfy, ugh fd os nfyr gS A mUgsa blfy, volj feyuk pkfg, fd os ;ksX; gSa vkSj mudk ;g vf/dkj gS A dsoy loZs{k.kksa vkSj vkadM+s ds cy ij vxM+h&fiNM+h dh yM+kbZ yM+us ls lekt esa dsoy vFkZghu çfrfØ;k gh mRiUu gksxh tks varr% ges dgha ugh ys tk,xhA lekt esa neudkjh vkSj nfer psgjs Hkj cny tk;sxa ]s ysfdu lekt vkSj ns'k dk ewy nkapk ogh jg tk;sxkA xkSjryc gS fd lekt dh folaxfr;ksa dk lcls T;knk f'kdkj nfyr ds vykos ]efgyk,a(Lo.kZ lfgr) vkSj vYila[;d Hkh jgs gSa D;ksafd os vkfFkZd :i ls detksj jgs gSa vkSj mUgsa j•k Hkh x;k gSA blfy, mudk Hkh [;ky j•uk gksxkA dgus dk rkRi;Z ;g gS dh cnyko ds ^c;kj* dks ^mUekn* esa cnyus ls jksduk gksxkA nfyr mRFkkuds vuq"kaxh dk;ZØe ds :i esa vkfFkZd :i ls fiNM+s lo.kks]± efgykvksa vkSj vYila[;dksa ds fy;s Hkh leUo;dkjh dk;Zde pykus gksxAas ;g ;kn j•uk t:jh gS fd Hkkjr dh ewy ço`fr gh lkearoknh gSA ftls u"V djuk t:jh gSA D;k ;g nqHkkZX;iw.kZ ugh gS dh viuh çfrHkk vkSj esgur ds cy ij liQyrk çkIr djus okyk nfer tkfr dk O;fÙkQ vkxs pydj •qn dks lekt ds vfHktkR; oxZ rd lhfer dj ysrk gSA vkSj ewy mns'; dgha nwj ihNs NwV tkrs gSa A & lwthr flag

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

ehfM;k foe'kZ




cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

cks/x;k egkfcgkj esa gq, foLiQksVksa ds fojks/ esa lerk lSfud ny dk dSfUMy ekpZ



ubZ fnYyh (10 tqykbZ] 2013)A lerk lSfud ny ds rRok/ku esa lSdMksa ckS¼ fHk{kq] lSdMksa Hkhe lSfud ,oa vU; Hkhe vuq;kf;vksa ds lkFk xr fnuksa esa ckS¼ksa ds rhFkZ LFky cks/x;k egkfcgkj esa gq, flyflysokj foLiQksVksa ds fojks/ esa nsj 'kke rd dks tUrj eUrj ls laln ekxZ rd 'kkafr iw.kZ rjhds ls dS.My ekpZ fudkyk x;kA bl ?kVuk ds fojks/ esa 'kh?kz dk;Zokgh ,oa nksf"k;ksa dh fxjÝrkjh dh ekax ds lkFk ,d Kkiu iz/kuea=kh ,oa xzgea=kh dks Hkh lkSaikA bl volj ij lerk lSfud ny ds jk"Vªh; vè;{k xq:pj.k flag us dgk fd

foLiQksVksa dh lerk lSfud ny ?kksj fuUnk djrk gS rFkk ge ljdkj ls ekax djrs gSa fd ckS¼ksa ds ifo=k LFky ij gq, lerk lSfud ny bl dqd`R; ds nksf"k;ksa tYn ls tYn fxjÝrkj dj dM+h ls dM+h ltk dh ekax djrs gSa lkFk gh ljdkj ls vkxzg djrs gSa fd ns'k ds vU; ckS¼ LFkyksa dh lqj{kk O;oLFkk pkd pkScUn gks rkfd bl rjg dh ?kVuk dh iqujko`fRr u gksA lerk lSfud ny ds iwoZ jk"Vªh; vè;{k ,vkj tks'kh us dgk fd ckS¼ksa ds ifo=k LFky ij foLiQksV gksuk ns'k dh ,drk vkSj v[k.Mrk dks rksMus dh lkft'k gks ldrh gSA dqN yksx

ns'k dh 'kkafr Hkax djuk pkgrs gSAa ,sls yksxa ksa dks dM+h ls dM+h ltk feyuh pkfg,A bl volj ij lerk lSfud ofj"B inkf/dkfj;ksa esa loZJ¼s; ,vkj tks'kh] mEesn flag xkSre] ,uih fu'kkar]tsih ukxoa'kh] jktu xkSre ,MoksdsV] dey flag ckS¼] ch,l iadt] vksih xkSre]chih xkSre]lhih flag] chMh lqtkr] 'khycksf/] egs'k pUn xkSre] izse flag] lquhrk ,u dqekj] vkjds flag] Vh,l o:.k] lqthr ,MoksdsV] dqleq yrk xkSre tsih fujkyk ,oa cMh la[;k esa ckS¼ fHkD[kq ds vykok lSdMkas la[;k esa ckS¼/ekZoyEch mifLFkr FksA

egkcksf/ esa vkard a h geys dk 'kkafr iw.kZ fojks/ ubZ fnYyhA ckS¼ksa dh vkLFkk ds dsæa egkcksf/ cq¼ fogkj ij ,d&,d CykLV ds fojks/ esa gal nks bf.M;k ds lkfuè; esa dy (7 tqykbZ 2013) dks 'kke dks fo'o 'kkafr Lrwi (bUæçLFk) ls çxfr eSnku] ckjg •Eck jksM] dukV iys'k gksrs gq;s lSdM+ksa dh l[;ka esa ckS¼ mikld vius gkFkksa esa iap'khy ds >aMs ]rf[r;ka] eksecfr;k vkSj flj ij dkyh ifêð;k¡ cka/s] fefM;k vkSj iqfyl cy dh Hkkjh rSukrh esa tarj&earj fnYyh ij iSny igqap

dj 'kkafr ls fcjks/ izn'kZu fd;kA ogka ij leLr ckS¼ mikldksa us rh 'kj.k]iap'khy fd;k vkSj lc ds thou dh eaxy dkeuk dh vkSj ekuuh; egkefge jk"Vªifr th ds dk;kZy; esa ckS¼ fogkj]Lekjdksa dh lqj{kk ds ckjs esa i=k fn;k vki lHkh ls fuosnu gSa fd ge lc rFkkxr cq¼ ds vuq;k;h gSa 'kkfUr iw.kZ ls dkuwu O;oLFkk cuk;s gq, vius&vius xk¡o]'kgj] dLcsa esa fu"ks/ tkfgj djsa


LFkkuh; laoknkrk ubZ fnYyhA lnj cktkj fnYyh Fkkus ds esa ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk vkifRrtud ,oa vieku tud 3&Mh iQksVks cspus ds vkjksi esa /zqc baVus'kuy] 5194] nwljh eafty] eSau lnj cktkj] utnhd ckjg VwVh pkSd] lnj cktkj fnYyh&11006] ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu ds f[kykiQ /kjk 153, ,oa /kjk 295, ds rgr eqdnek ntZ gqvk gSA fiQygky vjksih ftgkM+ tsy esa gSA 7 tqykbZ] 2013 dks f'kdk;r drkZ vEcsMdj fopkj eap ds egklfpo vkj-,ydSu dks >kalh jksM fLFkr MkW vEcsMdj Hkou] esa ,d ehaVhax esa irk pyk Fkk fd ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj dh vkifÙk tud 3&Mh iQksVks vDVwcj] 2012 ls •qys vke fcd jgha gSA ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj ds bl iQksVks esa ,d rjiQ ls rks ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk iQksVks utj vk jgk gS tcfd nwljk iQksVks dqÙks dk utj vk jgk gSA buds vykok lE;d izdk'ku ds laLFkkid 'kkafr Lo:i ckS¼ us 7 tqykbZ 2013 gh dks cs/M+d U;wt+ ds laiknd tloar flag cs/ M+d dksa ckck lkgsc ds bl vkifRr tud iksVsªV ds [kqysvke csps tkus dh lwpuk feyh rFkk mUgksua s vEcsMdj fopkj eap ds egklfpo vkj-,y-dSu ds lkFk tkdj bl ekeys dk laKku ysus dks dgkA 10 tqykbZ] 2013 dks cs/M+d U;wTk+ ds laiknd] tloar flag cs/M+d ,oa ekuuh; jru yky dSu ,d lkFk eksVj lkbZfdy ls djhc nksigj 1%30 cts] ckjg VwVh pkSd] lnj cktkj fnYyh igqpsa tgka ij fueljdkj] v'kksd nkl] ,MoksdVs jktu xkSre ds vykok djho ,d ntZu vEcsMdj vuq;k;h igys ls gh bdV~Bs ekStwn FksA lcls igys geus iSjkMkbt fiDPkj ,oa /zcq baVus'kuy] 5194] nwljh eafty] eSua lnj cktkj] utnhd ckjg VwVh pkSd] lnj cktkj

cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013

ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk vieku djus okyk tsy esa



fnYyh&11006] ls bl vkifRr tud iQksVks dh 50 3&Mh iQksVks ckdk;nk fcy ysdj [kjhanhaA ckn esa bl nqdku ls uhps vkdj 2%14 feuV ij iqfyl dUVªksy :e 100 ij dkWy djds bl ckor lwpuk ntA djk;hA FkksMs gh nsj esa ekeys dh utkdr dks le>rs gq, LFkkuh; iqfyl] ,lhih] ,l,pvks] ,M,l,pvks] us gekjs lkFk tk dj vkifÙk tud iQksVks dks cspus ckys ij iqfyl dk;Zckgh djrs gq, /qcz baVjus'kuy ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu ij eqdnek ntZ dj fn;kA iqfyl us ekSds ls ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj ds vkifÙk tud (822)] 3&Mh iQksVks cjken dj lht dj fn;s rFkk lnj cktkj Fkkuk es ntZ ,iQ vkbZ vkj u0&0115@10&07&2013 ds vuqlkj 153, rFkk 295, /kjk ,oa ifCfyf'kax ,DV ds lsDlu 3@12 ds vUrxZr /qcz baVjus'kuy ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu dks fgjklr esa ys fy;kA jkr djhc 10%30 cts vkj,y dSu ,oa tloar flag cs/M+d ls iqfyl takp vf/dkjh baLisDVj dqythr flag us /qzc baVjus'kuy ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu ds fgjklr lac/h dkxtksa ij nLr[kr djk dj ,iQvkbZ vkj dh dkWih ns nhA varr% ge jktdqekj tSu dks lyk[kksa ds ihNs NksM dj ntZ ,iQvkbZvkj dh dkWih ysdj djhc jkr ckjg cts vius&?kj igqp a As vxys fnu rkjh[k] 11 tqykbZ]2013 dks rhl gtkjh dksVZ ds dejk uEcj 247 esa tt

Nfo diwj dh dksVZ esa iqfyl us vkjksih jkt dqekj tSu dks is'k fd;kA gekjh vksj ls f'kdk;r drkZ vkj,y dSu] tloar flg cs/ Md] ,MoksdsV jktsUæ iky xkSre ,oa vksih Hkkjrh ds vykok djhc ,d ntZu odhy ,oa ,d ntZu vEcsMdj vuq;k;h mifLFkr FksA varr% dksVZ us /qzc baVjus'kuy ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu dks ,d fnu dh iqfyl dLV~Mh es ns fn;k gSA vxys fnu 12 tqykbZ dks rhl gtkjh dksVZ esa dejk uEcj 247 esa 2 cts iqfyl us tt Nfc diwj ds le{k is'k fd;kA dksVZ esa dksVZ es djhc 100 odhy vkSj djhc 100 ckck lkgsc ds vuq;k;h rhl gtkjh dksVZ esa lquok;h ds le; mifLFkr FksA rhl gtkjh dksVZ us ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj dh vkifÙk tud 3&Mh iQksVks cspus okys /qzc baVjus'kuy ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu dh tekur jí dj twfMf'k;y dLV~Mh es ns fn;k gSA rkjh[k 15 tqykbZ] 2013 dks ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj dh vkifÙk tud 3&Mh iQksVks cspus okys /qzc baVjus'kuy ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu dh tekur ij 15 tqykbZ] 2013 dks rhl gtkjh dksVZ dejk uEcj&221 esa ,M- 'ks"ku tt 'kSy tSu ds le{k lqcg 10 cts lquokbZ gqbZA dksVZ es djhc 100 odhy vkSj djhc 200 ckck lkgsc ds vuq;k;h rhl gtkjh dksVZ esa lquok;h


cs/M+d U;wt] tqykbZ ] 2013 

?kVuk pĂ&#x2DC; ds le; mifLFkr FksAtt 'kSy tSu us dgk fd ckck lkgsc MkW Hkhejko vEcsMdj dh vkifĂ&#x2122;k tud 3&Mh iQksVks dks fdlh rjg Bhd ugha Bgjk;k tk ldrk eS iqfyl dks xEHkhjrk ls tkap djus dks dgwxa h rkfd bl dk;Z es fyIr lHkh yksx dkuwu dh fxjĂ?r esa gksaA pwafd ;g ekeyk djksMksa yksxksa dh jk"VÂŞh; Hkkouk ls tqMk gS blfy, bl ekEys dh xgjkbZ ls rĂ&#x17E;dhdkr djus dh t:jr gSA vr% vkifĂ&#x2122;k tud 3&Mh iQksVks cspus okys /qzc baVjus'kuy ds ekfyd jktdqekj tSu jkgr u nsrs gq, mldh tekur jĂ­ dj vkjksih dks 14 fnu dh twfMf'k;y dLVMh esa Hkst fn;kA vc vkjksih jktdqekj tSu ftgkM tsy esa vius dqĂ&#x2018;R; dh izkjfEHkd ltk Hkksx jgk gSA bl lanHkZ esa vkj,y dSu us 'ks"ku tt dks crk;k fd vkjksih jkt dqekj tSu ,oa muds odhy us tt ds le{k ;g ekuk fd ;g vkifRr tud 3&Mh iQksVks phu ls fufeZr gksdj vk;s gSaA blls bl ekeys dh xEHkhjrk vkSj c<+ tkrh gSA mUgksaus crk;k fd vHkh bl ds'k esa dbZ vkSj fxjĂ?rkjh gksuh okdh gSA bl ekeys ds odhy jktsUĂŚ iky xkSre] vksih Hkkjrh vkSj jkts'k dqekj us tt ls vkxzg fd;k fd vHkh bl ekeys ds lw=k/kj dks Hkh idMk tkuk gSA ;g eqn~nk djksMksa yksxksa dh Hkkoukvksa ls tqMk gqvk gSA tc rd ;g ugha irk py tkrk fd ns'k dh 'kkafr Hkax djus ds ihNs fdldk gkFk gSA vkjksih dks tekur ugha feyuh pkfg,A vkj,y dSu us crk;k fd MkW vEcsMdj fopkj eap ,oa vU; vEcsMdjoknh laxBuksa dh vksj ls iz/kuea=kh ,oa xzgea=kh dks i=k fy[kdj bl ekey dh xEHkhjrk ls tkap djus rFkk MkW-vEcsMdj ds vkifRr tud 3&Mh iQksVks fufeZr djus okys] phu ls vk;kr djus okys ,oa cspus okys ds f[kykiQ jklqdk ds rgr eqdnek ntZ dus dh ekax dh gSA mUgksaus crk;k fd vHkh bl lacU/ esa izkjEfHkd tkap larks"k tud ugha gSA vHkh ge bl laca/ esa ekuuh; iz/kuea=kh vkSj xzgea=kh ls feydj bl ekeys dh tkap dk lhchvkbZ ls djkus dh ekax djsxsa rFkk ,sls ns'k ds xn~nkjksa fxjĂ?rkj dj dMh ltk fnykus dh ekax Hkh djsxsA

lkekftd] jktuSfrd] laLd`fr rFkk lkfgR; ljksdkj ds fy, izfrcŸ fgUnh ekfld if=kdk ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ,oa jk"Vªh; jkt/kuh fnYyh o vklikl {ks=kksa dh lkekftd]jktuSfrd ?kVukvksa o [kcjksa dks i<+us gsrq fgUnh lkIrkfgd v[kckj ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ds lnL; cusA

lnL;rk Ldhe eSa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk@lkIrkfgd v[kokj dk vkthou % 2000 C

ikap o"kZ % 1000 C

,d o"kZ % 250 C

Ldhe ds rgr if=kdk dk lnL; cuuk pkgrk gawA Ă&#x2018;i;k esjs fuEufyf[kr irs ij if=kdk@v[kokj Hkstus dh Ă&#x2018;ik djasA

uke---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------irk-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------eksckbZy uEcj---------------------------------------fiu--------------------------cSad@MªkW�V@psd@euhvkMZj ls ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk] ds uke ns; jkf'k@lnL;rk 'kqYd fuEu irs ij HkstsaA ;k fiQj vius utnhd dSujk cSad dh 'kk[kk ls gekjh if=kdk ds [kkrs esa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk ds uke ls

$&1R esa lh/s tek djus dh Ă&#x2018;ik djsaA

AFVÂśN0G8ZW laikndh; dk;kZy; e-ua&10] ,drk xyh ua&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094

eks- 9717580686] 9266990078 E-mail: bedharaknews@gmail.com


Pressed final july ank 2013  

वर्ष-04,अंक-06, जुलाई,2013 हिन्दी मासिक पत्रिका बेधड़क न्यूज का यह अंक की आवरण कथा उत्तराखण्ड में बादल फटने से आयी प्राकृतिक आपदा पर आधारित...

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