RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS
MINERS GEEP CANADA IS AHEAD OF THE CURVE ON MANAGING ITAD AND EXTRACTING VALUE FROM E-WASTE PAGE 22 PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270
RECYCLING HYBRID TRANSIT BUSES PAGE 36
RAMPING UP EFFORTS ON RPET RECOVERY PAGE 44 March 2019
OKADA AND ROTAR PUTTING IT TOGETHER. Okada America, Inc. and Rotar International BV have formed a joint alliance of their demolition attachment businesses in the North American marketplace. The combined businesses sell Rotarâ€™s demolition, recycling, scrap handling and mobile shear products and all of Okadaâ€™s other brand name mounted attachments. State-of-the-art demolition attachments. Full-product line. Strong Distributor network. Commitment to product availability. Superior product support. Competitive price and performance. Meeting and exceeding customer performance expectations. Two strong companies combining their resources and brand recognition. To put one of these demolition attachments on your carrier, call for the name of the Okada Distributor nearest you at 1-800-270-0600.
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CONTENTS MARCH 2019 | Volume 27, Number 2
22 COVER STORY 50 ABOVE-GROUND MINERS GEEP Canada is ahead of the curve on managing ITAD and
extracting value from e-waste
new shredder operation
maintenance key for ABC Recycling
30 TAKING ON OVER HALF A MILLION TONS OF SCRAP E-Crane the right fit for MetalX’s
TRANSFORMING DIRTY 61 LAST WORD AGRICULTURAL FILM INTO THE MISSING LINK HIGH-QUALITY REGRANULATE FOR PLASTICS
Netherlands recycler using Lindner shredders to efficiently manage steady stream of film plastics
CARI’s Marie Binette on the role of the recycling industry in solving the global plastics crisis
34 BUILDING SELF- SUFFICIENCY IN SCRAP In-house technicians and ease of 36 NO SMALL TASK Langille’s is taking on electric-
powered transit buses in Ontario
42 COMMODITY FOCUS FERROUS ISRI’s Joe Pickard breaks down
factors affecting the price of recovered ferrous in North America
44 RAMPING IT UP ON RPET Sorting and washing installations
in the U.S., Mexico and New Zealand demonstrate the latest high-tech advances in PET recycling
On the cover:
GEEP’s GM Mark Schell at their head office in Barrie, Ontario.
cover story March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS
MARCH 2019 VOLUME 27, NUMBER 2 EDITOR Keith Barker firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 MANAGING EDITOR Kaitlyn Till firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 330 EDITORIAL DIRECTOR Lawrence Buser email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 310
ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext.110 ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 320 CIRCULATION firstname.lastname@example.org; 1-855-329-1909 PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer email@example.com VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date-Chong firstname.lastname@example.org
FOUNDER Engelbert Baum
DEPARTMENTS 12 UPFRONT 18 SPOTLIGHT 22 COVER STORY 30 SCRAP METAL 36 END-OF-LIFE VEHICLES 42 COMMODITY FOCUS:
30 8 Recycling Product News March 2019
FERROUS 44 PLASTICS 52 TECH TALK: MAGNETIC SEPARATION 54 TECH TALK: HORIZONTAL GRINDERS 56 FEATURE PRODUCT 61 LAST WORD
Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 www.baumpub.com Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906 Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2019, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@ circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.
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FROM THE EDITOR
building on the agenda for improved recycling
ISRI’s advocacy achievements in 2018 are helping to reduce tax, compliance, and other regulatory burdens on recyclers while increasing potential profits. ISRI will continue to be active in 2019, delivering even more gains for the industry.”
he past year in the North American recycling and waste management industry has been one surrounded by both political and market uncertainty – in large part due to fragile Canadian–U.S. trade relations combined with the relatively sudden global shift away from China as a major end market for most recyclable materials. As of the start of March, India has enacted similar policy to China’s by announcing a ban on waste plastic imports, signalling the loss of another massive end market and raising questions as to whether additional categories of waste will be added to the ban in the near-future. But challenges through the last year – which continue in 2019 – have forced the industry to renew focus on key issues including the need for investment in technology, infrastructure and end market development, as well as ongoing efforts to improve industry safety and develop better workforce and regulatory policy. In February, the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries released their 2019 Advocacy Agenda, which builds off achievements in 2018, while looking ahead to areas that continue to need improvement. In 2018, notable positive developments included a tax reform bill signed into law that allows for recyclers to expense 100 percent of purchases, sales and maintenance of equipment (in the first year of purchase) and an extension of the Mercury Switch Program to 2021. The organization’s 2019 agenda will focus on promoting free and fair trade of scrap commodities, with an emphasis on ensuring minimal impact from Chinese import policies and the U.S.–China trade war. ISRI’s focal point will also be on opening new markets such as Southeast Asia, supporting the U.S.–Mexico–Canada Agreement,
promoting universal use of ISRI Specifications, and on preventing export restrictions on scrap. Outside of trade, according to ISRI president Robin Wiener, “Domestically, a shortage of qualified labour and the immigration debate in Washington has highlighted the need for increased advocacy on workforce development issues.” Wiener also emphasizes that “in regards to safety, the hazards posed by lithium batteries entering the recycling stream has elevated the need to monitor regulatory responses very closely and continue to work collaboratively with others in the development of best practices and awareness activities.” These key issues are all reflected in ISRI’s 2019 Advocacy Agenda, and will be frontand-centre topics at this year’s Annual Convention, set for April 6-9 in Los Angeles. This year’s event will also include the debut of the Residential Recycling Summit, with a focus on curbside paper and plastics. According to Wiener, “Over the course of the last 18 months, a spotlight has been shined on issues in the residential recycling stream. ISRI has been working aggressively to bring together stakeholders including recyclers, brand owners, municipalities and MRF operators to address the challenges and opportunities facing residential recycling today.” The ISRI2019 Residential Recycling Summit track of programming will include sessions on new markets for recovered fibre, innovations in consumer packaging, sustainability issues and Municipal/MRF contracting best practices. We look forward to hearing more on all of these important topics in Los Angeles, including the industry’s first chance to collectively discuss the recent news from India. We hope to see you there.
Keith Barker, Editor email@example.com 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305
CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF RECYCLING INDUSTRIES
10 Recycling Product News March 2019
FOLLOW US @recyclingpn
VISIT US AT ISRI! BOOTH 1214
THE BALANCE OF TECHNOLOGY & EXPERTISE We sell solutions, not products. We utilize a personalized approach to help solve our customerâ€™s most complex and heavy-duty handling needs. E-Cranes deliver high performance and reliability, while also significantly reducing operating costs, power consumption, and environmental impact.
We developed a collaborative relationship with team members of E-Crane through the early planning stages of our mega scrap processing yard in Delta, OH. E-Craneâ€™s commitment to quality during design and fabrication including installation and service has been outstanding. Clyde Billips, MetalX
Tidy Planet ships latest-model Rocket Composter to unique application in Paris’ River Seine U.K.-based organic waste specialist Tidy Planet recently expanded its range of Rocket Composters, with the B1400 – a machine specially commissioned for a large-scale composting project in the middle of the River Seine in Paris, France. The French social enterprise Les Alchimistes, which commissioned the new composter, is dedicated to increasing the value of food wastes on a localized and social scale – with community reintegration at the heart of its projects – collecting waste streams by bicycle from supermarkets, restaurants, and hotels from across the French capital. Last year, the firm launched its pilot urban farming venture – with the help of four A900 Rocket Com-
posters from Tidy Planet. The pilot sees the city’s abandoned underground car parks used as composting sites. Due to the project’s resounding success, Les Alchimistes has received support from the French Government and EU funding to launch its latest and biggest waste-to-resource project in city-centre Paris. The Lil’O composting Project is located on an island in the River Seine – known locally as L'ÎleSaint-Denis – 10 km north of the Eiffel Tower. It was previously used for the storage of building materials and municipal vehicles and is set to be regenerated as a composting nucleus now that it’s home to a newly installed B1400 machine. Les Alchimistes needed equip-
LBX Customer Experience Center to open in May At the end of 2018, LBX Company broke ground on a 25-acre tract of land in Lexington, Kentucky, for the building of its Customer Experience Center, intended to highlight the company’s products, innovations and technologies for the future. “The Link-Belt Excavators Customer Experience Center is the next logical step to serving our dealers and customers better,” said Eric Sauvage, president and CEO. “We look forward to welcoming guests to the facility. It’s an exciting and important next step to prepare LBX for future growth.” The new facility will be used for equipment demonstrations, including Link-Belt hydraulic excavators, scrap/material handlers and forestry machines, as well as related sales and service training, including dealer training and customer events. Additional plans include space to test new machine designs, concepts and features. The facility is planned for completion in May 2019. “The new facility offers a unique opportunity to focus in on our customers,” Sauvage continued. “We’ll be able to get their direct feedback to help us evaluate and improve our product line.” 12 Recycling Product News March 2019
ment that would process up to two tonnes of a mix of food and shredded wood wastes every day – in line with the site’s waste processing threshold – and this was the catalyst for the commissioning of the B1400. Commenting on the collaboration, James Tyler, director at Tidy Planet, said “It’s amazing to be part of this sustainable and innovative venture. “When designing the B1400, there was a lot to take into consideration. It had to be portable, so it could be easily transported by road, whilst also adhering to the French Government’s legislative waste-processing parameters – it’s a great addition to our current Composter range.”
Balcones Resources celebrates 25 years in recycling In February, Balcones Resources celebrated its 25th anniversary in business, growing from a small Austin-based paper recycler to a comprehensive environmental services company with facilities in Austin, Dallas and Little Rock. Balcones marked the milestone with a reception featuring
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ISRI partnership with international police association latest in fight against metals theft
a presentation of $25,000 in total donations to five Austin-area environmental organizations: EcoRise, Hill Country Conservancy, Keep Austin Beautiful, Shoal Creek Conservancy and Waller Creek Conservancy. Balcones Resources was conceived in late 1993 and began operations in 1994. Since that day, Kerry Getter, the board of directors, and the shareholders have grown the company into a nationally recognized firm and one of the top 50 recyclers in North America. With more than 200 employees across its three locations, Balcones is a recycling partner for municipalities, multi-tenant facilities, corporate campuses, manufacturing facilities and distribution centres. “We are so fortunate that others saw our vision and trusted us to help improve the recycling industry here in Central Texas, and through-
out the South Central region,” said Kerry Getter, founder and CEO of Balcones Resources. “Reaching the 25-year milestone is not just a time to reflect, but a time to look forward at what more we can do to leave things better than we find them, and improve our community for generations to come. We’re honoured to support the work of five incredible organizations that are preserving our natural resources and creating a sustainable future for all.” According to Getter, since 1994 Balcones has diverted more than 3.5 million tons of recyclable materials away from trash bins and into its recycling program. Moving into 2019, the company plans to invest approximately $5 million in new technology to increase the recovery of recyclable material through advanced robotics and optical sorting units at its singlestream material recovery facilities.
As a sign of both the need to reduce metal theft and continue a strong working relationship with the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) and other recyclers, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) recently passed a resolution calling on law enforcement agencies to recognize recyclers as partners and to take advantage of tools such as ScrapTheftAlert.com and other resources developed by ISRI. “Working with law enforcement and other community partners is paramount to stopping metals theft,” said Brady Mills, director of law enforcement outreach for ISRI. “Metals theft is not something police can prevent by themselves, and it is not something recyclers can do singlehanded either. It takes a solid working relationship and an understanding of each of our roles, resources and operations to be successful. We will continue to build on our relationship with the IACP and every level of law enforcement to ensure continued success.” According to Chief Paul M. Cell, president of the IACP, “Metals theft is a very serious crime that often goes beyond just property damage. We have witnessed a precipitous increase in the number of metal thefts and in the enormity of the theft of metals. To effectively fight metals theft, cooperation and communication is needed among all stakeholders in the community. “Where we have seen the most success is where recyclers and law enforcement work together. That is why the IACP adopted the Reducing Metal Theft resolution in 2018 to bring awareness to the issue, promote partnership between recyclers and law enforcement, and to encourage police to use the web-based scrap metal theft alert system by the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries and other web-based sites that are globally available to alert recyclers of stolen scrap metals.” March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
UPFRONT ELECTRIC-POWERED COLLECTION
Mack Trucks to provide Republic Services with fully electric LR Model
Mack Trucks announced in February that it will partner with Republic Services to build and operate a fully electric Mack LR refuse truck to help their fleet achieve zero-emissions goals. “Mack looks forward to partnering with Republic Services to test the benefits a fully electric LR can offer in its day-today operations,” said Jonathan Randall, Mack Trucks senior vice president of North American sales and marketing. “As
a leader in refuse and alternative solutions, Mack is uniquely positioned to offer a proprietary, integrated and fully electric solution for North America.” At this point in the development of electromobility technology and infrastructure, Randall says Mack believes that a fully electric vehicle will work best in a closed loop application in which the truck returns home every night – such as in the refuse and recycling collection industry. “Given we operate one of the largest vocational fleets in the U.S., we are continuously evaluating innovative approaches and technologies to improve the performance, economics and environmental impact of our fleet,” said Don Slager, president and CEO of Republic Services. “We are excited to be working with Mack in the development of an electric garbage truck as it would represent a significant step toward a cleaner, safer and more efficient fleet while helping to preserve our blue planet for future generations.” Mack announced in early 2018 that the New York City Department of Sanitation (DSNY), one of Mack’s largest customers, is also testing a fully electric Mack LR model, scheduled to be operational in 2019.
Ecowaste Industries to add to C&D materials transfer and MRF capacity in B.C. Ecowaste Industries is poised for growth in 2019. The Richmond, B.C.-based company operates the Ecowaste Landfill in Richmond, B.C., where they accept inert refuse, mainly from construction and demolition activities. This material is renewed into products such as compost, bark mulch and crushed concrete for sale. At the end of 2018, Ecowaste Industries Ltd. acquired the operating assets and facilities of Urban Wood Recycling and Smithers Enterprises, both based in Vancouver. The transaction was approved by all parties on November 21, 2018, and the sale closed on December 31, 2018. Since the start of the year, Ecowaste has been accepting Urban’s and Smithers’ customers at the Ecowaste Landfill in Richmond. In January, Ecowaste started the redevelopment of their New Westminster operation into a C&D transfer station. According to the company they expect to reopen the New Westminster Transfer Station in the second quarter of 2019. and expect the combination of a transfer operation in New Westminster, with additional C&D processing capacity at the company’s Richmond site, will better serve the recycling needs of the region’s construction and demolition sector. Concurrent with this transaction, Ecowaste is working on the
14 Recycling Product News March 2019
design of a fully automated materials recovery facility (MRF), intended to process the majority of the C&D materials received at their sites. The first phase of the MRF will be operational for processing wood only in Q3 of 2019, and Ecowaste is working toward a plan to have the MRF fully operational by 2021. According to a statement from the company, “Ecowaste looks forward to building our C&D recycling capacity and, coupled with our already high standards for management of C&D refuse, hope to raise the bar to a new level in our recycling capabilities over the coming year.”
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Kobelco USA expands dealer network in Canada
Kobelco Construction Machinery USA continues to expand representation in the North America market by adding Abi-Quip and Les Équipments Pinso Ltée. in Val-d’or and Cowansville, Quebec, and Conaker Equipment in Calgary, to its growing dealer network. “We’re dedicated to providing customers with the value of industry-leading Kobelco excavators through our nationwide dealer network,” said Jack Fendrick, CEO and vice president at Kobelco USA. “Abi-Quip, Conaker and Pinso are top-notch Canadian dealerships that maintain strong commitments to delivering outstanding customer service. We’re certain they will each be a positive addition to the Kobelco North American network, and we look forward to lasting partnerships.”
Ecolomondo announces financing for TDP facility
Ecolomondo Environmental, a subsidiary of Quebec-based Ecolomondo Corporation has secured an amount of CAD 32.1 million in project financing from Export Development Canada (EDC) to build a new, first-ofits-kind turnkey Thermal Decomposition (TDP) facility located on in the Town of Hawkesbury, Ontario. Ecolomondo expects to achieve financial close by the end of March 2019 with proceeds of the financing to be used for engineering, construction and commissioning of the company’s TDP facility. The facility will be equipped with two of the latest generation reactors capable of processing at least 14,000 tons of tire waste per year, yielding 5,300 tons of recycled carbon black, 42,700 barrels of oil, 1,800 tons of steel and 1,600 tons of gas.
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UPFRONT EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION NEWS
Gensco delivers latest scrap metal portable logger/baler to Groff Recycling
Bengal Machine acquires Columbus McKinnon shredder division Bengal Machine, the parent company of Schutte-Buffalo Hammermill, LLC, announced in January that it has acquired CM Recycling Equipment Solutions, the tire shredding and industrial shredding solutions equipment manufacturer. According to Bengal Machine, the asset purchase of CM’s shredder division fits with their strategy to combine worldclass brands in the size-reduction industry into a fully integrated manufacturer offering complete, turnkey solutions across a wide range of industries and size reduction applications.
PEI’s A&S Scrap under new ownership
Toronto-based Gensco has delivered the company’s newest portable logger/ baler, model S.5250GP, to Groff Recycling in Boyertown, Pennsylvania. Designed for flat-bed or roll-off transport, this baling and logging machine comes complete with loading crane and grapple, folding wing design with dual compression and full ejection, and choice of electric or diesel power. Units are built strong, fast and reliable, with the highest quality components for processing all types of scrap including full automobiles and small trucks.
New report finds online sales of electronics is enabling some producers to neglect EPR
A recent report from OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) has found that the rapid growth in online sales of electronic goods is enabling some producers and retailers to shirk their responsibilities for the environmental impact of their products, normally enforced through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) systems. The report, titled “Extended Producer Responsibility and the Impact of Online Sales,” estimates this occurs with 5 to 10 percent of online electronics sales, meaning lower collection rates for items at the end of their life cycle and reduced financing for waste management. According to the OECD, there are approximately 400 EPR systems in place worldwide. Online sales, however, create free-riding opportunities, as people can buy more easily from sellers in other countries. These sellers often have no physical or legal entity in the buyer’s country and are not registered with national or local EPR schemes. This means they avoid the obligations and costs that would normally apply to producers and retailers under EPR systems.
16 Recycling Product News March 2019
Clinton Myers along with John Ross and Sons, one of the largest scrap metal dealers in Atlantic Canada, recently purchased A&S Scrap Metal in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. The provincial government there has approved a loan of $3 million for the purchase of a new shredder and other required equipment and accessories.
Anaconda Equipment joins McLanahan In January, Anaconda Equipment officially joined McLanahan Corporation’s family of companies. Founded in 2008 in Northern Ireland, Anaconda Equipment has had a distribution agreement with McLanahan since 2017 and manufactures an extensive range of mobile tracked equipment, including scalping, screening, recycling and conveying equipment.
AMCS acquires Recy Systems AMCS, based out of Ireland and one of the world’s largest suppliers of integrated software and vehicle technology for the waste and recycling sector, recently announced the acquisition of Germany’s leading recycling and waste management software specialist, Recy Systems. Recy has offices in Germany, U.S., the U.K. and Slovakia. For AMCS, the acquisition will add 600 customers from across Europe, North America, Asia and Africa, taking the company’s total customer base to over 2,400 worldwide.
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DATA & METRICS
Re-TRAC Connect and The Recycling Partnership launch Municipal Measurement Program In January, Re-TRAC Connect and The Recycling Partnership officially launched the Municipal Measurement Program (MMP) to harmonize the measurement of material management programs and to provide municipalities with decision-making tools that can improve recycling program performance. The MMP is a free Program Assessment and Planning Tool that delivers insights and actionable recommendations to municipal waste management agencies in the U.S. and Canada. By completing the program assessment surveys, municipalities can generate reports to measure program performance and discover opportunities to improve
waste and recycling programs. The MMP uses standardized terminology, ensuring that municipalities can benchmark performance metrics against national averages. The program also simplifies data management by centralizing all municipal waste and recycling program information. Additionally, the MMP includes a program recommendations report that analyzes data submitted via the program assessment surveys, and based on those responses, presents a set of program recommendations tailored specifically to the municipality. “The Municipal Measurement Program will revolutionize the way we collect performance data, including
capture rates and contamination, and transform our recycling systems for the better,” says Scott Mouw, senior director of strategy and research, The Recycling Partnership. “Having all of this data in one place will not only help communities, but also the entire recycling industry. “Currently every municipality has its own way of measuring and assessing their community’s performance,” continued Mouw. “An industry-wide need for a long time, The MMP will standardize and streamline that data and connect municipalities to The Recycling Partnership’s free online best practice toolkits to help communities transform their recycling programs.”
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SPOTLIGHT Fuchs to introduce MHL375F HD at bauma 2019
MSS receives patent for PrecisionFlow eject hood design MSS, Inc., the optical sorting division of CP Group, has received a patent for their PrecisionFlow eject hood for optical sorters. Building on years of experience from previous designs, MSS’ newly patented PrecisionFlow eject hood uses a curved design that eliminates back pressure and smoothly guides materials by using air flows along the outline of the wall. This is especially important in optical sorters that operate at higher than conventional speeds, such as the MSS FiberMax which
processes material at 1,000 feet per minute (5 m/sec). “Because of the optimized shape of the hood we have much better control of the trajectories inside the PrecisionFlow eject hood,” said Felix Hottenstein, MSS sales director. "This provides our customers with better separation efficiency, increasing the removal of flexible plastic packaging from contaminated paper streams. It also enhances positive sorting of fibre such as sorted office paper.”
Fuchs will showcase three of their latest innovations, including the debut of the new MHL375F HD material handler, at bauma 2019, from April 8 to 14 in Munich. Fuchs’ new MHL375F HD is a state-of-the-art material handler that is suitable for scrap handling and port applications, featuring telematics and the option to be powered by either a diesel or electric motor. Bridging the gap in the 60- to 70-tonne category, Fuchs says the MHL375F HD has a huge undercarriage, is impressively agile and has a modular system that lets customers customize their machine to their own requirements, with options including dual or single tires, loading systems with a reach of 18 or 20 metres, and various lifting cab systems.
Bandit adds Pronar trommels and stackers to lineup Bandit Industries now offers select trommel screens and conveyor stackers manufactured by Poland-based Pronar, Sp. z. Bandit unveiled and demonstrate the Model 60 GT-HD stacker and the Model 7.24 GT trommel (shown right) at the U.S. Composting Council’s Conference and Tradeshow held in January. The Model 7.24 GT is a track-mounted or towable trommel screen that features high throughput and is capable of screening a variety of materials, including compost, wood waste and biomass. Plus, operators can swap out the drum screens to meet a specific size requirement.
18 Recycling Product News March 2019
“This partnership is very important for Bandit because it will broaden our product portfolio, and allow us to offer a more complete line of equipment for various markets,” said Bandit GM Felipe
Tamayo. “Pronar is one of the largest manufacturers of agricultural, compost and recycling equipment in world. The mix of products that our companies offer blend perfectly together.”
OUR LOOK AT THE LATEST NEW AND UPDATED EQUIPMENT, TECHNOLOGY, PARTS AND SYSTEMS FOR RECYCLING AND WASTE MANAGEMENT
DZCC800 Series Car Crusher The DZCC 800 is Diamond Z’s latest car crusher model. These machines are designed with hardened steel wear areas to maximize strength and stability of the crushing chamber, and are equipped with an automated crush and rock cycle that maximizes productivity and offers high-level compaction. According to Diamond Z, the DZCC800 incorporates their signature attention to safety, ease of use and maintenance. Key features include: a 13-function remote control; intelligent PLC control system for automatic, multi-functionality; additional auxiliary remote functions and manual operation capability; heavy-duty hydraulic landing gear for maximum stability; fluid recovery system with particulate collection for environmentally safe operation; crush chamber lockout for maintenance and safety; and an integrated transport system. The DZCC 800’s crush chamber is 20 feet wide, chamber depth is 7 feet 8 inches, and cycle times are 50 seconds.
ONE TRUCK. ONE OPERATOR.
The first U.S. manufacturer of the hooklift system is proud to be the industry standard. With simplicity and design as top priorities, a single truck allows an operator to load, unload, and change bodies without leaving the cab.
March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
New Cat multi-processors feature quick-change jaws, increased cutting and crushing forces Three new Cat multi-processor models are designed to be heavyduty, high-production tools that accept multiple interchangeable jaws for taking on a variety of specialized demolition and recycling tasks. The new models – MP332 (shown here) MP345 and MP365 – compared with previous models can cycle 50 percent faster and generate up to 19 percent greater cutting and crushing forces. An innovative locking system enables a single operator to typically change jaw types in 15 minutes or less using only
standard hand tools, and an included stand securely and stably holds unused available jaw sets. Available jaw sets include: a concrete cutter with an outer jaw that cracks concrete and an inner jaw that shears steel; a demolition jaw that cracks thick concrete structures; a pulverizer that crushes concrete and separates rebar; a shear that cuts structural steel, pipe and cable; a tank shear that cleanly cuts tanks or plate steel at right angles on three sides; and a universal attachment that cuts steel and crushes concrete.
Read more about Cat’s new attachments, and the latest from a range of manufacturers, in our April edition Annual Attachments Guide.
CDE to reveal world’s first all-in-one wet processing system at bauma CDE Global plans to introduce its new Combo all-in-one wet processing plant to the global market, April 8 at bauma 2019 in Munich. Engineered as a turnkey solution that delivers in-spec washed products from a wide range of feed materials, the Combo can be used in the construction, C&D waste recycling, industrial sands, mining and environmental sectors. It has been designed with a focus on transferring greater reliability and efficiency benefits to customers, and according to Northern Ireland–based CDE, with all essential processes being housed onto one chassis, the Combo system operates as one interconnected and preassembled unit, incorporating an integrated control panel with one single point of operation. These machines are an ultra-compact washing solution that requires minimal civils and pipework, and operators can now easily relocate their plant across sites or to remote locations. “Our new Combo is the world’s first wet processing system with integrated water treatment,” said Kevin Vallelly, director of engineering at CDE. “For the customer, its pre-determined design reduces the overall footprint on site compared to traditional processes. Pre-wired and pretested before dispatch, the plant is built for rapid assembly and setup, and can start processing material within days of arriving at the site. “Throughout the design process, our engineers focused on access for maintenance and on optimizing the lifespan of the plant. The Combo provides safe and superior access to all areas, and complies with all relevant ISO standards.”
20 Recycling Product News March 2019
McCloskey to reveal new screen Ontario-based screening and crushing plant manufacturer McCloskey International will demonstrate its continued growth with a roster of new products and a significant presence at bauma 2019. On display will be what the company calls a new groundbreaking screening product, to be revealed at the show, along with the latest I Series compact and full-size impact crushing plants (I34R Compact Crusher shown above) for applications in C&D and aggregates, as well as a new stacker and a new compact sand plant from McCloskey Washing Systems. Lippmann-Milwaukee, the most recent member of the McCloskey group, will also be on-site to unveil new equipment in the company’s crushing and screening line.
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GEEPâ€™s General Manager in Alberta, Mark Schell.
-GROUND MINERS GEEP’S ALBERTA FACILITIES ARE STAYING AHEAD OF THE CURVE ON MANAGING ITAD AND EXTRACTING PREMIUM VALUE FROM E-WASTE BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR
EEP Canada Inc. is a division of The Giampaolo Group of Companies, based in Ontario. The Giampaolo Group is involved in multiple industries, from aluminum re-melt to real estate, and is also one of North America’s largest metals recyclers, through the company’s Triple M Metal division. GEEP (Global Electric Electronic Processing) specializes in managing the complete life cycle of IT assets through electronic asset management and end-of-life recycling. The company has nine locations throughout North America, including two Alberta facilities and plants in B.C., Ontario, Quebec, Michigan, North Carolina and Costa Rica. Mark Schell, GEEP’s GM in Alberta, oversees operations at their e-waste processing plant in Edmonton and their Calgary facility. He says what they do in the electronics recycling industry is sometimes referred to as above-ground mining. “Effectively, we’re trying to extract all precious metals and resources from any used electronics that we process, and we have end markets in different parts of the world,” says Schell. The plant in Edmonton, a dedicated end-of-life e-waste recycling facility, processes millions of pounds of electronics waste per year. “Everything gets destroyed in Edmonton,” he explains. “Our environmentally responsible de-manufacturing processes break down ewaste through a series of shredding, granulating and separation technologies.” GEEP (the ‘G’ pronounced as in ‘good’) also manages a lot of steel. “Through our
relationship with the City of Edmonton, all of the white goods that come through City eco-stations, such as fridges and stoves, come to us,” Schell says. “The City removes the freon from any of the refrigerators or freezers, and those materials come to us. We bale it and send it off to our steel downstream, which is in most cases Triple M Metals.
ITAD IS KEY
Schell describes GEEP’s Calgary facility as basically a cross-dock for e-waste that is sent to the main facility in Edmonton. The Calgary facility’s primary purpose is its ITAD (IT Asset Disposition) services. These services are able to extend the useful life of electronic devices by wiping them clean of any data to allow for secure repurposing and eventual resale. “We offer different solutions to different types of customers, anything from banking institutions to the military, to large corporations including oil companies,” he says. “Once their IT equipment comes off-lease, or when they’re ready to exchange it for new equipment, we are their asset management partner.” He says the majority of the used electronics equipment they get in Calgary will be no more than two or three years old. “It arrives at our facility, becomes serialized, and then data-bearing assets are wiped to an unrecoverable state in order to be refurbished and repurposed without any confidentiality risk.” GEEP follows the NIST 800-88 standard, which is the current benchmark for media sanitization, utilizing advanced data erasure software. March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
Manufacturers for the most
part are making things better now. Many are making items so that they’re more easily recyclable.”
24 Recycling Product News March 2019
Schell explains that they have the ability to sanitize any type of media, from traditional hardware to new SSD drives. “For certain contracts, we have to destroy the hard drives, but in most cases we can remarket the computer or the printer or other equipment, and we share the revenue with the company that provides us the equipment.” He adds that some of their clients want to have assets wiped and then shredded, but in most cases, it’s one or the other. “Either way, we take in data-bearing equipment from our customers and we manage that asset for them.” GEEP clients receive official certification that states their data contained in old electronics has been wiped, and/or the equipment has been destroyed. “Data security is the most important part of our business,” continues Schell. “We hear it every day in the news – somebody’s information has been hacked or someone out there has found some unique way to gather information and to steal identities or credit card numbers. “GEEP takes data security very seriously. Our sites are physically secure with 24/7 monitoring, and we have designated areas within each building that only certain employees have access to. All employees are
ITAD (IT Asset Disposition) is a very important component of GEEP’s operations. required to have annual background checks.” In addition he says, staff go through security checks to ensure that no data-bearing equipment leaves their facility. Schell adds that in the five years that he’s been at GEEP, he’s noticed a lot more attention paid to ITAD by the companies they serve. “Everybody is more concerned about it,” he says. “I think there’s a lot more knowledge about it and our clients want to make sure they’re showing their clients that they’re doing things in an environmentally responsible way. “We’re an important cog in that wheel. It’s why we’ve been audited as often as we have in Calgary for safety and security.”
TURNING MIXED WASTE INTO VALUE
When a load of material arrives at either of GEEP’s Alberta locations, often it’s mixed and may include cell phones, computers printers, coffee machines and microwaves. In Alberta, Schell says this is more of a challenge than in other provinces because of the provincial government’s regulatory limitations on what can
be processed as e-waste, and what is not part of the program. “If we’re handling Alberta materials, there’s only a handful of items that are part of the Alberta Recycling e-waste program,” he explains. “That includes visual display devices, computers and peripherals and printers. Anything else, if it’s a microwave or a coffee machine, or even cellphones, those are not part of the provincial program here in Alberta. Therefore, there’s no fee paid to us by Alberta Recycling for processing those items.” But they still have to separate everything. Sometimes, material is separated for program-related reasons, and sometimes it is separated for valuerelated reasons. “Sometimes we separate items just because there’s a safety risk,” he explains. “For instance, anything with a lithium battery in it, we cannot run that through the shredder. When a battery gets pierced, it explodes immediately.” He says once they separate everything into its proper categories, depending upon what it is, some of it gets demanufactured by hand. The majority of their materials in Edmonton go through a chain shredder. “It’s a fairly large piece of equipment that has two giant chain link chains in it that spin at about 800 RPMs,” explains Schell. “It basically smashes everything into small pieces and we can adjust the size of the particulate.” After that, material goes through a magnet where steel is extracted and then onto a long belt where materials are manually picked out. “There is a fairly sizable manual component to the chain shredding process,” he explains. “Depending upon what we’re running, sometimes we pick the value and sometimes we pick the ‘refuse.’” With regard to circuit boards, GEEP uses what Schell calls a knife shredder. “Some call it a ring shredder,” he explains. “It’s a smaller unit with blades that cut the circuit boards into small particles, about the size of a toonie. Once we’ve done that, it goes into a bulk bag and then that material gets sorted and sold to refineries in various locations throughout the world.” He says circuit boards probably have the largest component of precious met-
End-of-life electronics are sorted by type and vetted for any non-recyclable or hazardous components. WE HAVE THE
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GEEP’s end-of-life processes include sorting, shredding, mechanical/automated separation and baling, using proprietary machinery that breaks up electronics and processes them into base commodities.
As electronics manufacturing
has improved, in order to reduce costs, the use of gold has actually been reduced. But there still is a fair amount of gold in a circuit and IC chip.”
26 Recycling Product News March 2019
als. “If you go back to an old computer, from the 1980s and 1990s, those had a lot of gold in them,” he explains. “As manufacturing has evolved, in order to reduce costs, the use of gold has actually been reduced. But there still is a fair amount of gold in a circuit and IC chip. If you see a circuit board with a lot of IC chips on it, normally, that board has a fair bit of gold content.” He adds that RAM chips contained in a motherboard also have a substantial amount of a gold in them. Still, the single highest volume of precious metal that they process is copper. “Copper comes out of the circuit boards and other materials that we send to refinery,” he says. “There is also a fair amount of copper that comes out of old CRT televisions. “We manually disassemble upwards of a thousand of those every single day in Edmonton, believe it or not,” he continues. “Inside is a component called a copper yoke located near the back end of the tube, with substantial pure copper windings on it. These yokes result in a fair bit of copper that comes out of that process.” He notes that batteries are a particu-
larly challenging aspect of handling mixed waste materials. “There are so many different types of formulations,” says Schell. “You’d think maybe there’s only half a dozen different types of batteries, but there’s probably 100 different types. The different formulations require different recycling. Some of it, you can actually recycle and reuse and capture, like with lithium batteries. They actually pull the Lithium out, and can reuse it. Alkaline batteries have to go to a hazardous waste facility.” He says they also get a lot of leadacid batteries through their facility, which are sent off to a recycler – but it’s still a challenge. “It’s becoming more difficult because of rules on transportation and rules on how much you can actually store at any given time. “Lithiums though are the worst type of battery for us. They can start a fire and can be difficult to handle.”
END MARKETS, DESIGN FOR RECYCLING AND AN EVOLVING INDUSTRY Chinese import restrictions that have been put in place over the last few years have definitely affected the e-waste
recovery business. “It was the primary downstream for many in our industry,” Schell says, adding “When I run e-waste through my shredder, I end up with a lot of small-fraction plastic.” One particular challenge with plastics he explains, like with batteries, is that there’s so many different types of formulations. “It’s not like you can just take up a big bale of plastic from printers and CRTs and flat-screen TVs and wherever else and just melt it down and then extrude it into a pellet. It just won’t work. Whoever buys it is going to get inconsistent materials when they use it for their products. “We’ve found alternative markets that are environmentally conscious,” he says. “It’s taken some of value out of the plastic but there are still places where we can send it.” When it comes to the global issue surrounding the use of illegal foreign end markets for dumping e-waste materials, Schell says that they do not
send anything to places that haven’t been fully vetted and approved by either the R2 program or by the Alberta Recycling program. “Both of those programs require that e-waste materials not go to third world countries, for example,” he says, adding that overall, he feels the global issue of illegal dumping of e-waste is improving somewhat. Besides better regulations and understanding about the issue, along with the industry’s increased adoption of regulations and standards such as R2 and e-Stewards, which make it harder for those trying to ship e-waste overseas, Schell says part of the reason for this improving global situation lies with changes in manufacturing practices. “Manufacturers, for the most part, are making things better now,” says Schell. “Many are making items so that they’re more easily recyclable.” As an example, he points to the fact that they do not run into leaded glass as much anymore because lead-based
Valuable “mined” base commodities are sold to be refined and made into new products.
March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
COVER STORY CRTs are no longer being manufactured. “We’re still going through the backlog of those that have been around for decades though,” he adds. “Now, we have flat-screen TVs, almost everything is an LED now, and there’s nothing really dangerous about handling those.” Another problematic material they don’t see as much anymore is Mercury. “Old LCDs with tubes that had Mercury in them aren’t being made anymore,” he says. “There are better manufacturing methods that are being used now, without the use of Mercury.”
E-WASTE RECYCLING IN ALBERTA
“Not many people know this, but the very first electronics recycling program in North America started in Alberta in 2004,” Schell says. The program is currently managed by Alberta Recycling Management Authority, the same organization that oversees other provincial stewardship programs, including tire, paint and oil recycling. This is unlike other provinces in Canada, where the EPRA (Electronic Products Recycling Association) oversees government mandated e-waste collection, reuse and recycling. While the government of Alberta designates which electronics are included in the provincial program, Alberta Recycling manages the program, and compensates e-waste recyclers for recycling items that are permitted, but does not compensate for those items not included. Schell feels strongly that their provincial government needs to include more electronic items for recycling. “In other provinces the government has added items such as microwave ovens and coffee machines,” he says. “Basically anything that has a cord or a battery in it is part of these programs. That’s not driven by EPRA, that’s driven by the government. Here, the Alberta government has only included limited items and that’s been in place since 2004.” He adds that the government in Alberta has been talking about the benefit of adding additional products, and that Alberta Recycling is ready to proceed the moment the government gives them the green light. “But they’ve not given them the green light yet,” he continues. “So basically, in effect, many of the items that aren’t part of the Alberta e-waste program could still possibly be finding their way into landfills. “It all comes down to the policies and regulations that are put forth by the government – the environment department,” Schell says. “What we’ve done to counteract that at GEEP is that we don’t permit any of the non-eligible materials in Alberta that come through Edmonton to go to the landfill. “As long as I’m able to still stockpile that material. I’m holding it until such time as it gets implemented into the program, and then I can process it in an environmentally conscious way.” RPN
28 Recycling Product News March 2019
End-of-life electronics on the conveyor at GEEP.
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stationary crane takes on over
In feeding mode – at the startup of MetalX’s 500-hp mega-shredder in Delta, Ohio – a new 1000 Series E-Crane with over 100 feet of reach. 30 Recycling Product News March 2019
half a million tons of scrap 1000 SERIES EQUILIBRIUM CRANE TO HANDLE MORE THAN 500,000 TONS OF MATERIALS YEARLY AT METALX’S NEW MEGA-SHREDDER OPERATION
etalX, headquartered in Waterloo, Indiana, has begun operation of a new 5,000-hp mega-shredder at the company’s recently established greenfield site in Delta, Ohio. In December 2018, MetalX also installed a new E-Crane 1000 Series Model EC7317 PD-E stationary equilibrium crane, equipped with a 3.5-cubic-metre (4.6-cubic-yard) scrap grapple. Since installation, the E-Crane has been used to move and stockpile material in preparation for the shredder startup. Now that the shredder is
operational, the E-Crane will be used primarily to feed the shredder at a rate of up to 300 tons per hour. According to MetalX, the company invested more than $50 million since 2017 to build their new 60-acre greenfield processing plant in Delta, adjacent to North Star BlueScope’s flat-rolled steel mill. The facility is expected to handle more than 500,000 tons yearly and employ over 80 people, with growth plans targeting 700,000 tons per year and more than 125 people. “Whenever you have a greenfield project, you are always looking for the latest
and greatest technology,” commented Steven Osborne, CEO of E-Crane USA. “MetalX management was focused on finding the right technology for their new application, and were looking at everything available, from the shredder to downstream.” According to Osborne, their equilibrium cranes use about 10 percent of the energy required by diesel-driven cranes – or a about a third of the energy required by traditional electric-driven cranes. The E-Crane 1000 Series Model EC7317 PD-E now in use at MetalX also has a maximum outreach of up to
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The E-Crane is the most impressive piece of equipment I have operated: from its long 100-plus feet of reach and massive grapple that will stack scrap over 90 feet, to its user-friendly controls.” Tyler Inbody, MetalX operator 31.7 metres (104 feet) and a maximum duty cycle capacity of about 10 tons. The machine uses a 200-kW (250-hp) main motor, can stockpile scrap up to 90 feet high, and provides over 60,000 cubic metres (80,000 cubic yards) of scrap storage capacity around its base. “The large outreach and high stockpiling ability of the E-Crane means that enough scrap can be stored within reach of the E-Crane to feed the shredder for over 65 hours,” explained Kelly Carl, ECrane Project Engineer. “The material no longer needs to be handled multiple times before it goes to the shredder, making for an extremely efficient setup.” Adam Enders of E-Crane, who was on site for the entire installation of the MetalX unit, added that “Working with the MetalX team on the E-Crane installation went flawlessly. The ECrane was mechanically erected in just a few days, and then we spent a couple more weeks installing the hydraulics and electrical systems. “MetalX has been nothing less than outstanding to work with, from the initial meetings with engineering and procurement personnel, to onsite management at the Delta facility,” said Enders. “E-Crane and MetalX both understood what it takes to push a large greenfield project like this across the finish line, which made the project run as smoothly as possible.”
32 Recycling Product News March 2019
MetalX’s new E-Crane provides over 60,000 cubic metres (80,000 cubic yards) of scrap storage capacity around its base.
Stockpiling scrap to more than 90 feet high in preparation to feed the shredder. BY THE NUMBERS
METALX’S NEW E-CRANE 1000 SERIES EC7317 PD-E • Delivery: September, 2018 • Installation complete: December, 2018 • Feeds 5,000-hp mega shredder at a rate up to 300 tph • Stockpiles scrap over 90 ft high • Maximum outreach: 31.7 m/104 ft • Maximum duty cycle capacity: 10t/11T
• Over 60,000 m3/80,000 yd3 of reachable scrap storage capacity around E-Crane base • 200 kW (250 hp) main motor • 3.5 m3 (4.6 yd3 ) scrap grapple • 5 year/10,000-hour all inclusive warranty • 100 percent spare parts availability in Galion, Ohio
BUILDING SELF-SUFFICIENCY IN-HOUSE TEAM OF FACTORY-TRAINED TECHNICIANS, EASE OF MAINTENANCE AND PARTS AVAILABILITY MAKING THE DIFFERENCE FOR ABC RECYCLING’S MATERIAL HANDLER FLEET
ccording to John Anderson of ABC Recycling, it’s generally difficult to find heavy equipment mechanics. “If we don’t have the people we need on our own payroll, we can end up waiting a long time for machine service,” he says. “Having our own team of factory-trained technicians makes a huge difference.” Anderson is ABC’s director of maintenance in British Columbia. He says his goal of self-sufficiency is one reason ABC has been growing its fleet of Sennebogen material handlers over the past 10 years. His sales representative, Logan Strohm, at Great West Equipment, is sympathetic to the cause. “We have 11 service branches here
34 Recycling Product News March 2019
in B.C., but that still leaves our techs with a lot of territory to cover,” admits Strohm. “That’s why we recommend that customers take advantage of the free factory training that Sennebogen offers.” With eight recycling yards in B.C. and one in Alberta, ABC Recycling has been operating in the region since 1912. A service crew in Burnaby supports Sennebogen machines there and in nearby Surrey. The fleet includes Sennebogen 835 M and 830 M models, equipped with both grapples and magnets. “We’ve had very good success with these machines,” Anderson reports. “The 835 seems to be the right machine for everything we do – whether feeding stationary shears and balers, or loading trucks and rail cars.”
FREE FACTORY TRAINING
Anderson’s maintenance staff and several operators have attended the Sennebogen Training Center in Stanley North Carolina. Part of a 100,000-square-foot head office complex, the Training Center provides classroom instruction as well as hands-on training with a demonstration module and full-size machines in a three-storey-high indoor bay. The Level I course and the Level II advanced program for technicians are fiveday programs offered free to dealers and their customers. “It’s a very impressive facility,” says Anderson. “And while you’re there, you also get to see the extent of their parts inventory. As well as regular and routine service items, they have a huge inven-
tory of major components on hand such as pumps, engines, cylinders, axles and even boom and stick assemblies. You can see the company has invested heavily in parts for North America.”
SIMPLIFIED MAINTENANCE, HAPPY STAFF
ABC technicians and operators also now take an active role in ABC’s purchase process for new equipment. According to Anderson, their maintenance team appreciates how Sennebogen has simplified access to routine service points. The layout of maintenance components includes most service and diagnostic items accessible from ground level, hydraulic diagnostic ports are easy to reach, and electrical fuses and relays are all arranged together in the main panel, accessed on one side of the machine from ground level. Auto-lubrication is also standard equipment on Sennebogen machines, which further simplifies maintenance tasks and extends the life of major components. Anderson certainly listens to his operators’ recommendations. “They are in the machine eight hours a day. We want to be sure they have a comfortable operating environment along with good functionality. They like the Sennebogen Maxcab for its visibility and its twocamera system. They tell us the seating is comfortable and the machine is easy to handle.”
and Strongco in Alberta) are able to help with expediting that too.” In the long run, the simplicity and serviceability of their Sennebogen machines are expected to lead to a lower life cycle cost for ABC. “We do track all that detail here,” Anderson says. “Run time, fuel, maintenance labour and spare parts, all
go toward our total cost of ownership analysis. Using industry standard components and Cummins service parts saves money for us. “With our own crews and easy parts supply, the Sennebogen equipment needs little downtime for service and repairs, so that brings down our total operating cost.”
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Parts availability is also a significant factor that has attracted ABC to Sennebogen machines over the last decade. Anderson notes that, where many machines are designed with proprietary components, Sennebogen uses commonly available parts wherever possible for power, hydraulics, electrical and other service requirements. This approach advances Anderson’s goal of self-sufficiency. “We can get all the parts we need from our dealer, of course, but we can also source parts locally. With their Cummins engines, we can find routine parts almost anywhere. Some parts might be a challenge for us to bring across the US border, but our dealers (Great West in B.C.
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No small task
Photos by Jeremie Dupont.
LANGILLE’S CONTINUES TO BUILD ON EXPERIENCE RECOVERING HEAVY-DUTY ELECTRICPOWERED VEHICLES – LATEST TRANSIT CONTRACT A SIGN OF BIG THINGS TO COME
We don’t want to make our living off of the environment. I always joke with my guys that ‘we’re saving the world one ELV at a time.’ For us, it means spending the money to be in compliance.” Dave Langille
36 Recycling Product News March 2019
ave Langille started in the scrap metal and auto parts business as a peddler in the late 1980s, working out of a pickup, collecting and selling cores and scrap metal, same as his father and grandfather before him. He was at it from his teenage years into the early 2000s, until in 2006 Langille purchased an auto-wrecking yard in Port Perry, Ontario (about 50 kilometres north-east of Toronto) and established Langille’s Scrap & Cores. He subsequently bought a neighbouring yard in 2008, another neighbour in 2009, and then bought the family’s auto wrecking yard, owned by his brother, on the same street. Today Langille’s Truck Parts and Langille’s Metal Recycling together comprise about 12 acres and over 60 employees, with the primary business being the recycling of heavy trucks and heavymachinery cores, including engines.
“We probably have 3,000 diesel motors in stock at any given time here,” says Langille, adding that while he considers himself to be an end-of-life vehicle processor primarily, they also handle auto and heavy truck parts and cores, and are a busy scrap metal recycler through Langille’s Metal Recycling. Langille’s processes upwards of 80 to 100 light-duty vehicles per week (up to the size of a Ford F550), or about 5,000 per year. Incoming vehicles have valuable cores and parts removed for resale and scrap vehicles are de-polluted, then baled and sent to the shredder for recycling. For heavier class trucks, they process closer to 3,000 per year, and they see a wide range of other large vehicles, including transit buses and heavy equipment ranging from wheel loaders and excavators to construction cranes. He says the biggest single vehicle they have ever processed was a 190-ton Euclid mining truck.
End-of-life transit buses on the hoist for de-pollution at Langille’s Ontario operations. RECYCLING ELECTRIC
Recently, Langille’s took on a contract with a large local transit commission to process close to 400 hybrid diesel-electric powered buses. Prior to the current contract, Langille says, over the years they’ve gained experience with this particular niche, having processed close to 50 fully electric or electric-hybrid commercial vehicles. “On a fully electric vehicle, the environmental and hazard considerations are not quite the same as for a gas- or diesel-powered vehicle,” explains Langille. “You still have brake and cooling fluid to deal with, but you don’t have the oil, gasoline or diesel fuel. You are dealing with high-voltage batteries however. “On a hybrid vehicle, there’s more environmental considerations because you have all of the components of a gas or diesel vehicle, as well as the high-voltage electric battery components.” Langille says they have built custom processes into their operation to handle hybrid diesel-electric buses in particular, and had extensive consultation with the local transit commission as well as BAE Systems (the OEM which makes the hybrid drives used on the buses they are processing). “There’s a whole procedure for dealing with EVs (electric-powered vehicles),” explains Langille. “We start with disconnecting and removing the diesel engine batteries. We then have to wait for a
period for safety, because they have capacitors in them that carry high voltage.” He emphasizes that the EV batteries they are dealing with are usually roofmounted and encased in a very heavyduty casing, and so are not necessarily hazardous to remove or store. But Langille’s still takes extra safety precautions due to the high voltage, using specialized PPE (personal protective equipment) and tools for the job, and targeted training for employees, including electrical safety and working at heights. “The hybrid bus batteries we’re currently working with are 680 volts at 2,250 amps. It’s a lot,” he says, adding that the transit commission and BAE have been great to work with so far on the current contract. “BAE had four guys came up from their manufacturing facility in New York state, visited us, shared all information that we needed. They were really good.” Still, there are challenges with electric batteries, particularly when it comes to end markets. One of the biggest issues from Langille’s perspective as a recycler, is that there’s not enough standardized voltage, amperage and BMS (battery management systems) used in manufacturing. “All the manufacturers are building using different voltages and BMS,” he says. “Our research tells us that these batteries, when they come out of an end-of-life EV or hybrid electric vehicle, may have between 60 and 80 percent life left. When they’re taken out of the EV situation and put it into backup power, standby power or solar power, whatever
On top of an end-of-life electrichybrid bus, Lucas Grant of Langille’s removes the lithium-ion roofmounted battery pack. they are used for, they could have as much as 30 years capacity left in them. “But the issue is, the BMS, inverters and electrical components needed to put used batteries into a new application, while they are available, are not available at a mass production cost, like standardized voltage and BMS compo-
March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
END-OF-LIFE VEHICLES nents would be. “It’s not like every battery that comes out of a hybrid-electric-powered bus is 680 volts,” he continues. “We’ve done commercial vehicles in the past that were 440 volts. Everything’s different.” Because there’s no standardized voltage and BMS, he says end-buyers can’t just plug and play into readily available inverters and equipment that is generally used for solar power generation or other applications. But there are definitely potential markets for used EV batteries. In China, for example, he says he knows of a company with the goal to take millions of recycled batteries out of end-of-life vehicles to use as backup power for cellphone towers. Overall, the process would work better if design for recycling policies were improved – if all the OEMs started thinking more about what’s going to happen at their products’ end of life, and started using standardized BMS batteries and voltages. “If every electric-powered heavy vehicle and hybrid vehicle used 600 volts and a standardized BMS, for example, now it’s going to be feasible for the companies that manufacture inverters and different components for
use in solar and wind power generation to manufacture at a mass-productionbased cost. Then, with recovered EV batteries, end users just plug and play. It’s that simple.” He says he believes it will happen eventually. “From the OEMs that we’ve spoken to about it, they said that they wished it had went that way. Not because of recycling, but because it would be cheaper to come to market with a product if everybody’s using the same design. Many major auto and heavy equipment manufacturers already work this way. “Every piece of Caterpillar equipment uses a 24-volt battery, Komatsu takes a 24-volt battery. There’s a reason that big manufacturers have gone that way, because if you use a component that is specialized for your particular application, it costs you more to source.”
THE EV BUS RECYCLING PROCESS
When Langille’s starts processing a hybrid-electric-powered bus, they use a custom-built de-pollution setup and an Iris-Mec drainage system they bought through local equipment supplier Recycling Equipment Canada. “We have two 100,000-pound hoists and we use all Iris-Mec vehicle de-
Langille’s Lucas Grant evacuating antifreeze/glycol under an electric-diesel hybrid transit bus mounted on one of two 100,000 pound hoists. 38 Recycling Product News March 2019
Dave Langille, founder of Langille’s Truck Parts and Langille’s Metal Recycling. pollution equipment,” says Langille. “A bunch of it was custom built because we had to add extra pumps. We also have a 20,000-gallon tank farm for collected fluids.” When a hybrid-electric bus comes in, similar to any other vehicle, once batteries and electronics are disconnected and removed, de-pollution is the next step. “We pull all the fluids out, but before it gets de-polluted, our guys remove the diesel engine batteries which is part of de-electrifying the vehicle. We also remove the hybrid-drive batteries and all the high-voltage stuff prior to dismantling.” “Then they ‘get hit on the head,’” he says, meaning they pull out the drivetrain. Once Langille’s crew has removed the core items, all resalable and fluid-filled parts, including diesel engines and all electric battery components, what is left – mostly ferrous and other metals, as well as glass, rubber, wood and plastics – is ready to be cut into pieces. They use excavators mounted with shears to
remove the bodies and cut the chassis, and smaller excavators and wheeled material handlers with grapples to sort and move material. Specifically, Langille’s uses a 350 Komatsu excavator with a 2500 Labounty shear on it and a 490 Komatsu with a 4000 Labounty shear. They also use a smaller 228 Komatsu with a Bateman grapple and a 138 Komatsu mini-excavator with a picker attachment for sorting and for handling nonferrous, such as the aluminum body panel of a truck or bus. Once the bus is dismantled, Langille uses two Liebherr dedicated scrap handlers – a 924 HD and a 934 HD – to get material from the dismantling phase to their Sierra CR 6000 logger/baler. With respect to specific recyclable materials they are pulling out of a bus, at Langille’s it is mostly ferrous metal. There is some copper cable, aluminum, and there are a lot of seats, which are mostly plastic and steel. There’s also a lot of additional plastics, fibreglass, as well as wood and rubber in a bus. “The floors are all wood and rubber,” Langille says. “They use about 3/4-inch pressure-treated wood with rubber on top. We take all of that out as well and everything outside of metals, for the most part, is sent to the transfer station for further sorting or disposal.”
(gasoline, oils, windshield washer fluid, antifreeze and refrigerants) removal of tires and batteries for recycling, plus the management of substances of concern such as lead, mercury and asbestos. Under EASR, de-pollution of vehicles also needs to take place on an impermeable surface under cover from the elements, and waste removed from vehicles needs to be properly stored, re-used or removed offsite to an accredited recycler. There are also educational and reporting components to the standard.
According to Steve Fletcher, managing director of the Auto Recyclers of Canada (ARC), of which Langille’s is a long-time member, EASR includes a modernization of established policies and regulations for ELV processors, and is essentially a simplified environmental compliance tool. “It’s a checklist-based approach that assumes that about 98 percent of the legitimate players in a given sector are already meeting or can feasibly meet the requirements. For us the incorpo-
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ONTARIO ELV REGULATIONS AND EASR
Since 2016 in Ontario, end-of-life vehicle processing facilities fall under EASR (Environmental Activity and Sector Registry) regulations. EASR provides a public, web-based system that allows businesses conducting certain activities to register with the Ministry of Environment & Climate Change, rather than applying for environmental approval, which is a much more complicated, costly and timeconsuming process. Under EASR all auto recycling facilities and operations in Ontario (processing more than two ELVs per year or holding more than ten) are required to register. And anyone processing ELVs (no matter how many) now needs to meet a specific range of requirements and operating standards. These new requirements include the mandatory collection of operating fluids
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ration of ELV processing into to the EASR system has been very positive,” says Fletcher. Up until 2016, he says, under the Canadian Auto Recyclers Environmental Code of Conduct, which was in part developed and managed by ARC, there were lots of rules for the sector, but they were spread around. “Many in the business were unsure about the rules and regulations that applied,” says Fletcher. “Now with EASR it’s all in one place.” Langille agrees that the new regulations were needed. “We don’t want to make our living off of the environment,” he says. “I always joke with my guys that ‘we’re saving the world one ELV at a time.’
For us, it means spending the money to be in compliance.” Langille says specifically that they have invested about two million into their state-of-the-art de-pollution setup, between their heavy-truck and lightduty operations. “Our light-duty system is being built as we speak,” he says. “It has four bays with four 18,000-pound side load hoists, using Iris-Mec de-pollution equipment on each bay. We also use a 20,000-gallon tank farm, a 300 CFM air compressor, and industrial HVAC pumps so we can remove refrigerant quickly. “At the end of the day, you have to invest the money into the right equipment and processes to be in the business
Langille’s waste fluid piping runs from their de-pollution pumps to an on-site tank farm. 40 Recycling Product News March 2019
Dave Langille and crew with their stockpile of EV batteries. On their current contract, EV batteries from buses being recovered are 680 volts at 2,250 amps. and stay in the business.” But while the EASR system helps to create a more level playing field for ELV recyclers, and it is now essentially against the law in Ontario to crush or shred a vehicle that has not been de-polluted properly, there are still those in the industry that continue to look at an ELV as scrap on wheels, and who operate without compliance to the regulations. According to Langille, this is the biggest challenge with the new regulations – its enforcement with those that are “flying under the radar” so to speak, and who are “wrecking cars out behind a barn somewhere.” “Those that are operating outside of the program – those are the guys where they need to enforce the regulations,” he says. “We’re complying, we’re spending the money. In 2018 we generated about 250,000 litres of waste fluid, not including gasoline and diesel that we recycle on site. So that number is probably 500,000 litres of weighted fluids that we generate here overall in a year. “Half a million litres is not a drop in the bucket. It has to be properly managed.” For an operation like Langille’s which tends to deal more in heavy trucks, buses Continued on page 58.
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COMMODITY FOCUS: FERROUS
POLICY DECISIONS CONTINUE TO RESHAPE FERROUS MARKETS
BY JOE PICKARD, ISRI
teel and ferrous scrap market participants in North America enjoyed a much healthier 2018 amid higher prices and sales volumes. Nucor Corp. reported their average sales price for steel sheet increased from $689 per net ton in 2017 to $828 per net ton in 2018. At the same time, steel production in the United States
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expanded 6.2 percent to 86.7 million tons in 2018, according to figures from the World Steel Association. As steel production increased and pricing improved, scrap demand rose and profit margins were bolstered. U.S. Steel Corp. reports their adjusted net earnings rose to $957 million in 2018, up from $341 million in 2017. But not all segments of the ferrous supply chain are benefitting equally from today’s market conditions, which in turn are being shaped by trade and other policy changes. Ferrous scrap processors saw the average price of No. 1 heavy melt increase 18 percent year-onyear in 2018 to $333.50 per gross ton, but steel prices posted even larger gains. Scrap recyclers have also been dealing with rising competition from imported ferrous scrap along with numerous rail, truck and other transportation bottlenecks. U.S. imports of carbon steel scrap from Canada, for example, increased nearly 17 percent year-on-year during January to November 2018 to 2.75 million metric tons, as Canadian steel output cooled and a stronger dollar made imports more attractive. On the other hand, restricted steel import
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competition stemming from Section 232 tariffs has been widely cited as a source of support for U.S. steelmakers. According to Commerce Department data and American Iron and Steel Institute estimates, U.S. finished and total steel imports during January to November 2018 declined 10.8 percent and 13.2 percent respectively, as compared to the corresponding period in 2017. As U.S. demand for steel increased and imports declined, domestic steel capacity utilization rates rose above 80 percent, as steelmakers began to restart idled capacity and invest in expanded production. Nucor alone announced 2019 capital expenditure plans in excess of $850 million in order to commission new capacity and update existing facilities.
POSITIVE DEMAND, TRADE BARRIERS
In early 2019, the pace of U.S. steel production has continued to ramp up as steelmakers recently announced new price hikes. So far this year (through February 23rd), AISI reports U.S. steel mills produced 14.64 million net tons of crude steel, an eight percent increase from the corresponding period in
2018. Political support for infrastructure investment and domestic steel production has contributed to a positive outlook for U.S. ferrous scrap demand in 2019. Improved overseas demand for ferrous scrap has also played a role. During the January to November 2018 period (according to the most recent data available), U.S. ferrous scrap exports, excluding stainless and alloy steel scrap, rose 15 percent to nearly 14.5 million metric tons thanks in part to improved demand from emerging markets including Vietnam, Indonesia, India, Egypt and Bangladesh. More troubling in the U.S. has been the slowdown in trade with more traditional markets such as Turkey, Canada and China. While the ratification of the USMCA
would remove some market uncertainty regarding North American trade flows, tariff and other trade barriers on steel may put scrap exporters at a disadvantage if their largest overseas buyers (e.g. Turkey) can no longer market their steel competitively in the United States.
THE CHINA EFFECT
Last but not least, policy changes in China continue to have disproportionately large impacts on global commodity markets. Even as Chinese steel production has continued to rise (+6.6 percent to 928 million metric tons in 2018, according to worldsteel), China’s strict restrictions on scrap imports and emphasis on improving environmental conditions are translating into greater dependence on scrap
generation within China. According to the latest Bureau of International Recycling estimates of world steel recycling, Chinese steel scrap consumption during the first nine months of 2018 increased 38.9 percent to more than 140 million metric tons, even as Chinese ferrous scrap imports from the U.S. decreased 37 percent. According to the BIR, the rise in Chinese ferrous scrap consumption has been driven by a growing need to meet tighter emissions standards, which is also
incentivizing the construction of new EAF mills. For the remainder of 2019 and the foreseeable future, China’s environmental and recycling policies, the evolution of trade policy among the world’s major economies, along with investment decisions in the U.S., will continue to reshape global steel and ferrous scrap markets. Joe Pickard is the chief economist and director of commodities at the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI).
Policy changes in China continue to have disproportionately large impacts on global commodity markets.”
March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
Ramping it up on RPET CARBONLITE’S NEW RECYCLING PLANT TO PRODUCE 80 MILLION POUNDS OF RPET PELLETS PER YEAR WITH A LITTLE HELP FROM THE LATEST BHS AI AND ROBOTICS
arbonLITE specializes in processing used plastic bottles into bottle-grade PET resin flakes and pellets that can then be used to manufacture new plastic beverage bottles and other products. The company currently operates plants in Riverside, California (opened in 2012), and Dallas, Texas (opened in 2017), supplying some of the world’s major beverage brands. CarbonLITE currently processes around 4 billion used bottles annually (200 million pounds) creating a 120,000-ton/year carbon footprint reduction. Bulk Handling Systems (BHS), which provided the system for CarbonLITE’s Dallas facility (shown above), has been selected to supply the frontend recycling system for CarbonLITE’s newest post-consumer recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET) plant in Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania. The new Lehigh Valley plant will
44 Recycling Product News March 2019
produce 80 million pounds of rPET pellets per year. Installation is scheduled to conclude in the fourth quarter of 2019 and the plant will be fully operational in 2020. The advanced plastics recycling system will be one of the largest of its kind in the world according to CarbonLITE, allowing for the recycling of more than six billion plastic bottles per year, (companywide) and making CarbonLITE one of the world’s largest producers of food-grade post-consumer recycled PET (rPET) in the world. The new facility is being designed to process 14 tons per hour, operate four shifts without manual sort labour, and is equipped with BHS’ latest technology, including artificial-intelligence-driven (AI) robotic sorters.
MAX-AI AND ROBOTIC SORTERS CAPABLE OF 60 PICKS PER MINUTE
Max-AI technology from BHS employs neural-network-based AI to
identify recyclables and direct sorting decisions for recycling equipment including robotic and optical sorters. Included in CarbonLITE’s new system are two Max-AI AQC-2 units (for Autonomous Quality Control), featuring dual robotic sorters with each robot capable of picking and placing up to 60 items per minute. The system’s NRT SpydIR with MaxAI units employ NRT’s In-Flight Sorting technology to precisely identify PET plastic by polymer type while Max-AI technology identifies non-target PET. The Max-AI integration also allows for object recognition, black plastic identification and material composition analysis. According to BHS, the optical sensing and AI technologies work in collaboration, allowing the ability to suppress separation of clamshells and thermoform trays and target only PET bottles, while the system gathers material composition data and performance metrics. “BHS has been a valued partner
CarbonLITE’s front-end postconsumer recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET) operation in Dallas, Texas. throughout the years and consistently has new ideas to help our plants improve and operate successfully,” said CarbonLITE Chairman Leon Farahnik. “The BHS system, along with NRT and Max, offers unprecedented intelligence and performance that aligns with our vision. “Through state-of-the-art facilities, technologies and equipment, CarbonLITE is fully invested in and committed to helping preserve our precious resources, reduce the PET industry’s carbon footprint, diminish our landfill problems and protect our waterways.” BHS CEO Steve Miller commented, “The CarbonLITE team has been aggressive in its pursuit of processing excellence and growth. “This system really showcases what’s possible with the most recent Max
BHS’ Max-AI AQC-2 with dual robotic sorters are a central component of CarbonLITE’s latest facility. technology – a fully automated recycling system that can produce pure rPET feedstock 24 hours a day. “The system will have the intelligence to analyze system health and capture performance metrics in real
time,” continued Miller. “CarbonLITE’s actions continue to build up processing capacity in the U.S. while solving real world problems, and we’re appreciative of the opportunity to once again be a part of their success.”
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first PET recycling plant online in New zealand NEW SESOTEC LINE INCLUDES BOTTLE AND FLAKE SORTING TO HELP PRODUCE 6,000 METRIC TONNES YEARLY
pproximately 20,000 tons of virgin PET is imported to New Zealand annually, while curbside programs collect about 8,000 tons of used PET. A Waste Minimization Fund government grant there has enabled Flight Group Ltd. to open New Zealand’s first PET recycling plant in Wellington. Flight Plastics, Flight Group’s plastics recycling division, has spent NZ$ 12 million (US$ 8.8 million) on a full upgrade at its facility, including a new Sesotec wash plant for PET bottles. Keith Smith, CEO of Flight Plastics Ltd. in Wellington said the upgraded wash plant and other work at the facility enables Flight Plastics to produce thermoformed packaging from recycled PET bottles. The company installed extrusion equipment to use recycled PET flakes starting in 2014, using imported flake to prove the process and establish a customer base. According to Smith, they had very encouraging results, so the next step was to install their own wash plant. Sesotec supplied the plant’s multi-sensor sorting line, which according to the Germany-based technology provider, will secure output quality as well as a continu-
ous supply of PET flakes to Flight’s production line. With their new setup, Flight Plastics now has the capacity to recycle 6,000 metric tonnes of PET a year.
SORTING BOTTLES AND FLAKES
Flight Plastics’ new multisensor sorting line includes two bottle sorters and a flake sorter designed to secure output quality and a continuous supply of PET flakes to the production line. After upstream process steps such as bale breaking, bottles are fed to Sesotec’s VARISORT MN multi-sensor sorting system. This system was installed specifically for the separation of PET bottles from other polymers, using a near infrared sensor as well as a metals sensor. Flight Plastics also decided to install a further VARISORT CN. This second VARISORT is equipped with colour sensors and near infrared sensor for material identification, and sorts as well as cleans PET bottles into a transparent clear and a coloured fraction. Those sorted bottles are fed into a cutting mill where they are cut to the desired flake size and passed through a washing and drying process. In the next step Sesotec’s FLAKE PURIFIER multi-sensor-
46 Recycling Product News March 2019
Flight Plastics’ Sesotec multi-sensor sorting system includes two VARISORT models for separation, sorting and cleaning of PET bottles (top) and a Flake Purifier for final cleaning of PET flakes (bottom). sorting-system is used for a final cleaning of the PET flakes. Here the remaining off-colours, wrong polymers and small sized metal pieces will be removed. According to Sesotec, this multi-sensor configuration
equipped with a high resolution out-blast system allows for the highest possible sorting efficiency combined with lowest possible material loss rates. Depending on the application, the three sensors can be used individually or in combination.
CLEAN FLAKES FROM DIRTY BOTTLES AMUT TECHNOLOGY TO HELP RECOVER 100 MILLION POUNDS OF LANDFILLCOLLECTED PLASTIC BOTTLES IN MEXICO
ndorama Ventures’ new recycling plant in Guadalajara, Mexico will be operational in the fall of 2019. The facility, located in close proximity to the company’s resin production operation, will include a new plastics washing plant purposely developed by AMUT Group to cope with the necessity of processing very dirty PET post-consumer, landfill-collected bottles. These bottles require a wet-cold-cleaning technology, which has been incorporated in the operation’s AMUT de-labeller unit, used to remove labels – especially full-body shrink sleeves – improving bottle quality for subsequent cleaning operations. According to AMUT, the new washing plant, capable of reaching 4,000 kg/h, will reinforce Indorama Ventures’ commitment to the food-grade PET business. AMUT will also upgrade an existing washing unit for Indorama Ventures, which in combination, will make the company capable of producing over 13,000 pounds per hour of high-quality PET flakes from post-consumer PET bottles coming from the landfill.
AMUT’s bottle washing system uses wet-cold-cleaning at Indorama Ventures to create food-grade PET.
PET PLASTICS “We have been working with AMUT for a number of years to develop an excellent technological and yet economical solution to meet our high standards for rPET flakes,” stated Yash Awasthi, vice president of Indorama Ventures North American Operations. “AMUT is a proven machinery and technology manufacturer that has demonstrated how to best meet our goals and objectives.
“The new plant will process more than 100 million pounds of plastic bottles annually into clean PET flakes.” Awasthi emphasized that these are the dirtiest bottles seen in their market and says AMUT technology is able to help them obtain premium-value, clean PET flakes. “The cleaned PET flakes will be used to produce new resins for a variety of
Indorama Ventures is using AMUT technology to process landfillsourced plastic bottles into clean PET flakes.
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sustainable products which our clients now demand for their PET packaging products,” Awasthi said. “Our goal is to close the loop on recycling and increase the sustainability of the PET containers.” AMUT’s turbo and friction washer machines are designed specifically for use in the PET cleaning phase. In the case of Indorama Ventures, the combined action of the two machines needed to be boosted. Friction force has been increased to remove not only fine pollutants, labels and glue, but also soil. In addition, pre-washing and de-labelling phases are carried out in a cold water process, while the turbo and friction washer have hot water flow. According to AMUT, these bottles are subject to a high level of cleaning and pollutants removal inside each machine, as they undergo a non-destructive high friction process and proper residence time. AMUT adds that their technology will optimize operational costs for Indorama Ventures, with fresh water usage reduced to a minimum. Water that is continuously filtrated can be re-used during the whole process and the consumption of energy and cleaning agents will be significantly reduced.
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TRANSFORMING DIRTY AGRICULTURAL FILM INTO HIGH-QUALITY REGRANULATE
aly Plastics is one of the largest plastics waste processing companies in the Netherlands. At their Zutphen site, Daly Plastics’ subsidiary Caroda Polymer Recovery recycles agricultural and packaging films with the aim to produce regranulates of the same quality as virgin material. Caroda Polymer Recovery operates four granulation lines at the Zutphen site, with agricultural film collected from over 2,500 farmers in the Benelux countries and northern Germany. Approximately 64,000 metric tons of used film arrive for processing each year, the majority of which is recycled as reusable polyethylene recyclate (regranulate).
CUTTING IT DOWN TO SIZE
Austria-based Lindner Recyclingtech provided Daly Plastics with their two Jupiter 2200 and four Micromat 2000 shredders, which they use to create optimally sized material in several steps. When agricultural film is first delivered to the site, it is weighed, roughly pre-sorted by crane grabbers and fed onto a conveyor belt for processing. Lindner Jupiter shredders shred the film so that the drum screen can do a better job of filtering the material, and so it is the optimal size for optical sorting, using a Pellenc NIR (nearinfrared) sorting system. “Agricultural film often contains
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foreign material such as lumps of soil or stones,” says Peter Daalder, Daly Plastics’ director and owner. “Even large foreign matter in the feed material doesn't make any difference to Jupiter.” He continues, “The Jupiter shreds material to the size of A4 paper, ideal for optical sorting processes.” (A4 size is 210 × 297 millimetres.) “It means the sensors can optimally distinguish LDPE from other PE and PP plastic types and separate it from the material stream. The Jupiter produces the perfect output, with the perfect cut for subsequent automatic NIR sorting.” According to Lindner, Daly’s Jupiter units also feature low energy consumption (energy-efficient drive, flywheel energy storage), resistance to foreign parts, as well as easy operation and maintenance. Daalder says Lindner’s Jupiter shredders were also chosen for their safety clutch that prevents machine damage caused by foreign parts and non-shreddables and features a convenient hydraulic maintenance door. “It can happen that metal parts or even stones get into the Jupiter despite pre-sorting,” says Daalder. “The safety clutch prevents the cutting system from being damaged in the process.” He adds that employees simply open the hydraulic maintenance door, let the cutting system run back, remove the foreign material and then close the door.
CREATING CLEAN END PRODUCT
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The subsequent step of recycling film flakes comprises fine shredding, dry cleaning, extrusion and granulate bagging. Each of Caroda Polymer’s four lines processes one colour of film and is equipped with a Lindner Micromat 2000 shredder, with a capacity of two to three metric tons per hour, producing 50-millimetre particles. This is ideal for subsequent dry-cleaning, whereby Lindner WashTech’s Intensive Dry Cleaner 150/300 is used to remove leftover dirt
CP Anti-Wrap Screen™ From left: Lindner Product Manager Stefan ScheiflingerEhrenwerth, Daly Plastics Managing Director and owner Peter Daalder, and Daly Plastics COO Gerd Gerdes, in front of bales of packaging film. and mineral build-up, as well as reduce moisture present in the film material. Next, clean film flakes are granulated and transported to the extruder. The extruded, thread-like plastic strands are then cooled and cut to pellets. The end product is filled into large bags ready for dispatch or stored in silos for transport to customers by tanker. The resulting very homogeneous, grey, black and brown granulate pellets are used to produce new tear-resistant film and for products such as waste collection bags. Commenting on their Micromat 2000 shredders, Daalder says they fulfil two important functions in their line. “It reduces the feed material to exactly the optimum particle size needed for the extruder and simultaneously doses the material. Another great advantage is the internal pusher to make feeding even more efficient, an added benefit for dry-cleaning downstream. “The industry needs clean and homogeneous granulate in order to be able to turn it back into film,” concludes Daalder, confirming that by the end of their process, their polyethylene regranulate has the same properties as virgin material, and is only different by appearance. The recyclate is sold and the cycle starts all over again.
Less Cleaning. Better Screening. MRF operators face big challenges. Disc screen wrapping doesn’t have to be one of them. Flex-packing and film tend to wrap around standard screen shafts. The CP Anti-Wrap Screen™ has high-agitation discs and extra-large rotor shafts to mitigate wrapping and reduce jamming. Because it runs at peak performance for every shift, the result is higher quality paper and container streams.
Lindner’s two Jupiter 2200 and four Micromat 2000 shredders (above) are key to processing 64,000 metric tons of used agricultural film annually at Netherlandsbased Caroda Polymer Recovery.
Contact our experts for a quote or demonstration. www.cpgrp.com/antiwrapscreen firstname.lastname@example.org | 888-837-5065 March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
TECH TALK: MAGNETIC SEPARATION
keeping your ECs up and running DAILY MAINTENANCE AND GOOD RECORD KEEPING ARE KEY TO MINIMIZING DOWNTIME OF EDDY CURRENT SEPARATORS BY SCOTT MOORE
he Eddy Current Separator (ECS) is one of the most important pieces of equipment in a recycling operation. For operators of MRFs, auto-shredders or e-scrap facilities, it’s usually one of the biggest revenue generators. Keeping the ECS running is important to the recycler’s bottom line, therefore it is essential to reduce unexpected downtime. Following are steps that can be taken to help minimize unexpected interruptions in production. Firstly, consult your ECS owner’s manual for recommended daily maintenance. This should include: • Rotor shell inspection – check for any metallic or foreign debris on the shell. Inspect for any cracks or holes. A compromised shell can result in foreign material getting to the rotor and causing damage. • Belt inspection – check the belt for any tears or punctures. Remove any foreign objects that are stuck to or protruding through the belt and note that many belts can be repaired while on the machine. Catching this early can eliminate further downtime and costly belt replacement.
52 Recycling Product News March 2019
IMI’s Javelin Eddy Current Separator is ideal for a range of applications, including MRF, C&D, auto shredding and electronics recycling. • Inspect the belt guides or brushes that run along the edges. These keep material from migrating around the sides, reaching the magnet. Worn guides can lead to premature belt wear and damage to the rotor shell. • Keep it clean. To stay on top of housekeeping remove any material that has accumulated around or on the machine. Check that motors have free flow of clean air. Check chutes and splitter in case objects have become lodged that could impede the flow of material. • Listen to your machine. While the Eddy current is running, observe any out of ordinary noises. Check belt tracking and monitor the splitter setting. If running different products, splitter adjustments and belt speeds may need to be set up. If you do this on a regular basis, you will become accustomed to the
normal noises and vibrations the machine makes. Finally, it should be noted that good record keeping is essential for optimal long-term performance. It allows operators to make sure that the required maintenance is being performed at the recommended intervals. It also allows recyclers to look at the lifespan of wear items for their machine. Being proactive in the replacement of these parts prior to their failure will help eliminate breakdowns during production. Keeping a good maintenance record also allows ECS operators to know which spare parts to keep on hand, which helps minimize downtime and the rush to find parts at the last minute when needed. Scott Moore, technical sales, is with Industrial Magnetics, Inc. (IMI).
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TECH TALK: HORIZONTAL GRINDERS
COLOURIZER TIPS A BY DOUG (SPIKE) MEYER
s spring approaches and temperatures begin to warm up again, many companies that convert wood waste into valuable mulch are both excited and eager to thaw out their grinding and colourizing equipment and get started as quickly as possible. Before the work begins though, taking a few preventative steps to ensure equipment is prepared for the season will provide the best opportunity for success and profitable results. First, be sure to thoroughly clean all colourizer lines. This can be done by simply running water through the lines to ensure any dirt, debris or containments are cleared out. Next, inspect injection lines at the top of the grinding chamber to make sure they are not restricted. Even a small
54 Recycling Product News March 2019
amount of buildup in this area should be cleaned and removed to ensure the process is as efficient as possible. Check the water supply and the water lines. Make sure they are clear, clean and that all connections are fitted correctly. Also check the colour pump lubricant level to ensure a sufficient amount is present in the pump. Finally, be sure to test the colourizer system before starting, especially if youâ€™re starting the colour pump for the first time after the winter. Testing can be done by simply running a fivegallon bucket of water through the system to ensure all components are working properly. As mulch producers navigate through the spring months when weather can continue to be unpredictable, and especially as temperatures can dip back below freezing, a few additional helpful tips are listed below. If you are operating in temperatures that are below freezing, it is important to drain the colourizer system after use to prevent any liquids from freezing within the colourizer
or water lines in the system. Also, do not use frozen colourant. Using frozen colourant can lead to unequally mixed colours and damage and obstructions to the colourizer lines. Lastly, be sure you are utilizing the correct screen sizes. If the feedstock you are using is wet, utilizing larger screens will prevent clogging up the machine and slowing down the process. If, after following these steps, something is not working property or your output is not providing the results you need, contact your equipmentâ€™s customer support team to assist with any questions. For more than 25 years, Rotochopper has specialized in efficient solutions that transform organic waste materials into premium products like coloured mulch, animal bedding and compost. Rotochopper offers the only patented in-chamber colourizer system, allowing organics recyclers to obtain more consistent output while minimizing waste. Doug (Spike) Meyer is director of customer service, Rotochopper.
STOP CONTAMINATION AT THE SOURCE automatic contamination identification, alerts and reports
Bill For Contaminated Hauls Provide Targeted Education Prevent Contamination From Reaching MRFs www.compology.com/cscore email@example.com
camera-based dumpster monitoring
RCBC - stack to edges - no folio
Established D ZH 7000 Series grinders upgraded with new internal drive feed roller
iamond Z’s high-capacity, low-maintenance DZH 7000 Series horizontal grinder is designed for any large-scale wood waste and land clearing grinding operation. The latest models are equipped with an internal drive feed roller which allows for less moving parts, quick and easy screen change and maintenance access, as well as very aggressive feed and one of the largest crush roller and hammer mills in the
industry, according to Diamond Z. “No other horizontal grinder can imitate this machine’s compliment of power, unparalleled production capabilities, versatility in difficult environments, innovation, and the attention to detail that stands out in every DZH 7000,” said a Diamond Z spokesperson. “With 1,200 horsepower and proven production capacities in excess of 1,000 yards per hour, Diamond Z’s DZH 7000 Series is ideal for the most difficult jobs.”
Also available, the DZH 7000TKT Series track-mounted horizontal grinder has all the features and capabilities of the DZH 7000 with the added portability that comes with a track-mounted machine, allowing operation just about anywhere. The DZH 7000TKT transport system easily and safely secures to the grinder so it is ready to be transported, avoiding repeated and expensive permitting fees. According to Diamond Z, “Based on the success and efficiency of the first DZH7000 internal drive, this will be the standard moving forward.” Other key features of DZH 7000 series models include a fluid coupling mill drive, reversing fan, radio remote control, tool box, engine cover, superscrew belt lacing and very high surface torque. Plant weights vary, depending on options. Production rates are up to 143 tph (1,000 cubic yards per hour) screen area is 5,760 square inches, and the machine’s standard engine is a CAT C32 ACERT LRC diesel.
COMING UP IN THE NEXT ISSUE: Focus on Hauling & Collection, Organics & Composting, Paper & Fibre recycling. As well as our Annual Scrap and C&D Attachments Guide. 56 Recycling Product News March 2019
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END-OF-LIFE VEHICLES Continued from page 40.
Langille’s uses covered de-pollution bays with 100,000-pound hoists and Iris-Mec de-pollution technology to dismantle and recycle hybrid dieselelectric transit buses.
Partner with a converter processor committed to your progress.
and a lot of bigger equipment, it’s definitely more costly to meet some of the provincial regulations, compared to others in the industry, simply due to the size of vehicles they are processing. One of the key regulations, for example, is the requirement that all drainage and dismantling be done under a cover, on an impermeable surface. Wet parts, like engines and transmissions also need to be dealt with fully under cover. For Langille’s, some of the vehicles they are dealing with, including the EV hybrid buses currently, are quite simply massive, as are the volumes they are seeing. This means their setup needs to be big enough and sophisticated enough to accommodate the task at hand. Fletcher provides an example of the comparative scope of what Langille’s is doing. “When you de-pollute a car, there may be five litres of oil to account for,” he says. “When you de-pollute a highway truck, there may be 100 litres. “Langille’s is doing things in a bigger way than most,” he continues. “When it comes to electric-powered and hybrid vehicles, many of our members might deal with one EV per week, and have some batteries stockpiled. But Langille’s is being provided big volumes with a steadiness and a commonality to it.” Fletcher definitely considers Langille to be well ahead of the curve on both heavy truck and electric-powered vehicle processing. “I’ve never seen the kind of volumes he does on heavy vehicles,” he says. “Most don’t see things as a trend until it overwhelms. Dave Langille has planned for being overwhelmed and he is managing very, very well.” RPN
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58 Recycling Product News March 2019
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More than an exhibition: The entire market All key players, innovations and trends. bauma is more than the world’s leading trade fair: it is the heartbeat of the industry. Because it dynamizes the market and highlights new potentials together with its partner country Canada. 600,000 participants and even more space make it the largest – and the most relevant – international meeting place for the industry. Business at its best.
Contact: Canada Unlimited Inc., email@example.com, Tel. +1 905 813 1051
The missing link for plastics BIG PRODUCERS AND GOVERNMENT WORKING TO FIND SOLUTIONS TO PLASTIC WASTE ARE OVERLOOKING A VITAL PARTNER
A BY MARIE BINETTE
The plastics crisis is the ideal opportunity for manufacturers to work with the recycling industry to design for recycling. We are the connection between the producers of goods and their end-of-life products.” Marie Binette
casual reader of the news is hard pressed to avoid stories about plastic waste. For someone in the waste and recycling industry, it is the trending topic of the past year. New plastic waste partnerships, coalitions and working groups are announced on what seems like a weekly basis, with governments and multinational brands making public commitments to curb reliance on plastics – especially those of the single-use variety. Many of these pledges come in the wake of news stories highlighting the devastating effects of plastic waste inundating waterways around the world. Jarring images of dead wildlife, their bellies bursting with packaging, bottles and plastic marine equipment, paint a dismal picture: if our current consumption and disposal of plastic doesn’t change, our planet and everything on it is likely to be overrun by the material in the coming decades. Global consumer goods producers and governments alike are announcing plastic waste strategies. As part of their Greening Government
Strategy, the Government of Canada announced steps to reduce plastic waste by increasing plastic waste diversion, reducing single-use plastic in operations, meetings and events, and procuring sustainable plastics products. In January, Walmart Canada announced the Walmart Canada Charter on Plastics, which outlines a number of goals aimed at reducing plastic waste and boosting plastic recycling, including eliminating single-use plastics from corporate operations, reducing packaging in
Walmart brand products and eliminating “hardto-recycle” plastics from brand packaging. Initiatives to boost plastic recycling, especially those that emphasize procurement policies and design for recycling are positive steps, but these commitments do not reflect the current reality of plastic waste management. There is a serious lack of plastics recycling infrastructure across the globe and far too much plastic is produced relative to the demand for the material. Regardless of
March 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com
LASTWORD how recyclable a plastic item may be, only a fraction of the plastic produced and consumed is ultimately collected for recycling. Of the plastic collected, only a portion undergoes the recycling process and returns to the value stream. This creates a considerable imbalance in the market. Recent changes to the global plastics market have only emphasized this imbalance. When the world’s largest purchaser of secondary plastics, China, closed its doors to the material last year, countries around the world were overwhelmed by backlogs. Simply put, North America does not currently have the means to manage all of the plastic we consume. Under these circumstances, one can expect governments will begin to impose more stewardship responsibilities on plastic producers. With many multinational corporations setting plastic recycling targets and joining plastic waste alliances, it would appear big business is very much aware
of the need to make products more environmentally friendly or risk burdensome legislation. Cynics suggest corporations are simply greenwashing or making empty environmental promises, but perhaps big producers recognize they have a better shot at maintaining profitability if they find solutions before they are legislated to do so. Yet they are missing a vital partner in these initiatives: the recycling industry. Like any other waste-related issue of the linear economy, management of plastic waste is complex; plastics vary in type and levels of recyclability depending on chemical composition and dyes used in production. While it is critical we find solutions for this global environmental issue, conversations about plastic often fail to acknowledge that all-encompassing plastic bans do not eliminate existing plastics from the waste stream. What’s more, sweeping bans could have the unintended consequence of wiping
out the market for recyclable plastic materials at end-of-life. As with any other material, there must be an end market for secondary plastics in order for them to be recycled. Recyclers are the missing link in many of the plastic waste alliances announced thus far. Armed with the knowledge of current recycling technologies and market insight, the recycling industry plays an essential role in the fight to reduce plastic waste. The plastics crisis is the ideal opportunity for manufacturers to work with the recycling industry to design for recycling. We are the connection between the producers of goods and their end-of-life products. Together we can manage plastic resources to the benefit of all.
Recycling Council of B.C.............55
BM&M Screening Solutions.........56
IMABE Iberica S.A........................37
Industrial Magnetics, Inc..............29
Sierra International Machinery.....64
Continental Biomass Industries...17
SSI Shredding Systems, Inc.........35
Canada North Resources Expo....57
Stellar Industries, Inc....................19
Van Dyk Recycling Solutions........15
Lefort North America LLC............21
Waste & Recycling Expo Canada... 49
Okada / Rotar.................................2
62 Recycling Product News March 2019
Marie Binette is CARI’s communications manager. CARI’s 78th Annual Convention: “New Horizons”, is set for June 6-8 in Mont-Tremblant, Quebec.
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