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VOL. 02 ISSUE. 25 ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011 SSP - 3 Ugx 2,000 - Ksh - 50 TZ 600 RWF - 400 BIF - 1500 EGP - 200

ICC refers Malawi to UN over Sudan’s Bashir

African street vendors shot dead

South Sudan Kick Boxers shine at Intercontinental fight

PAGAN AMUM; AGREEMENT REACHED WITH

KHARTOUM ON OIL FEES

Tony Blair visits S.S

South Sudan’s chief negotiator Pagan Amum revealed that South Sudan has reached an agreement with Khartoum Government on the oil transit fees after months of intense negotiations. The South Sudan seceded from the north last July but it is still depend on the Sudan’s oil infrastructure to transport its crude worldwide. Khartoum asked for no less than $32 per barrel in fees which Juba swiftly rejected. Amum told the AlJazeera TV website that Sudan will now charge fees in accordance with international norms but did Contd in Page 2

Mr. Blair addressing the media in Juba

Pagan Amum, South Sudan’s chief negotiator

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ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

LOCAL NEWS

Pagan Amum; Agreement reached with Khartoum on oil fees By Komakech Ivan

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not give a figure. The South Sudanese official further said that his government will give $2.6 billion in assistance to Khartoum to help its economy recover from losing the oil that now belongs to the new nation. He also revealed that China through its special envoy Liu Guijin pressed Khartoum to accept these terms. But the Sudanese foreign ministry spokesperson Al-Obeid Marawih dismissed Amum’s assertions and said that there are only proposals on the table so far that could be accepted or rejected. “The new proposals should be discussed on the negotiating table and not through media

Pagan Amum, South Sudan’s chief negotiator outlets,” Marawih said. He added that what Amum announced has been rejected well before the last round of talks between the two countries adding that this shows that Juba isn’t

Tony Blair visits South Sudan

Mr. Blair addressing the media in Juba in the company of Hon Nhial. minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Hon. Nhial Deng Nhial, Mr. Blair said the international community knows the huge challenges facing

the new African country and stressed that there is enormous goodwill and support for the people of South Sudan from the international community.

He noted that there is immense determination among the people of South Sudan and the government to make the future bright even though the challenges seem very

difficult to overcome. He said the world is fully behind the people of South Sudan. “What is important for the people here to know is that there is a great sense of solidarity to support the people of South Sudan and sympathize with their difficulties as well as a passion to help putting the difficulties right”, he said. He added that Britain was part of the idea of creating a path for South Sudan’s quest for independence and reiterated that there is a tremendous desire to help and support people of South Sudan by the government of Britain.

serious. Amid a severe economic crisis, Khartoum is pushing for a quick resolution of the issue and a few weeks ago said it will close down the oil pipelines until $727

million in arrears are paid. But the decision was quickly reversed following criticism by China which imports 5% of its oil from South Sudan.

Colonel Aguer warns of a “War Situation”

Colonel Aguer The security situation at the borders of Sudan and South Sudan has become tense following attacks on Jau in the last weeks says the spokesperson of the Sudan People Liberation Army Colonel Philip Aguer. Addressing media, Aguer said aerial bombardments by the Sudan Armed Forces had increased in Greater Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile regions. Direct clashes in Jau last week between the armies of north and south prompted SPLA’s spokesman to warn of a “war situation” that would escalate with the

arrival of more northern troops. He further added that Jaw is the flash point for possible war between Sudan and South Sudan. Sudan insists that Jau lies squarely within its borders but it is a key supply route allegedly used by the South to funnel weapons and ammunition to the rebels in South Kordofan. The United Nations refugee agency said last month that the number of people fleeing the unrest in Sudan’s two warn-torn border states is likely to reach 100,000 by the end of the year, up from around 80,000 now.


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LOCAL NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

Bashir skips Great Lakes summit in Uganda

The Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir did not participate in the heads of states summit of the International Conference of the Great Lakes region (ICGLR) that was held in Uganda capital. Sources in the foreign ministry told Sudan Tribune that Bashir was not planning on heading to Kampala but did not say who will represent the country in the summit. Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on ten charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide allegedly committed in Sudan’s western region of Darfur. The ICC warrant has hindered Bashir’s movements to a large extent though he still able to travel to a number of

friendly countries including members of the court such as Chad, Kenya, Djibouti and Malawi. Uganda is a signatory to the Rome Statute which is the founding text of the Haguebased court and is therefore legally obligated to arrest the Sudanese leader if he visits. An African Union (AU) resolution in July 2009 instructed countries in the continent not to cooperate with the ICC In apprehending Bashir. Despite the continental body’s decision, Kampala in the past has warned Bashir not to try and visit forcing him to avoid the country since the arrest warrant was issued. However this time Ugandan officials appeared to give assurances to the Sudanese president.

Local press in Uganda quoted the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Henry Okello Oryem as saying that Bashir will be coming as head of state and will not be arrested even though Uganda is signatory of ICC Statute. Oryem noted that Bashir had visited many countries and had not been arrested and Uganda will not be the first to commit such an act. But diplomatic sources in New York said that Kampala privately asked Sudan to dispatch an official other than Bashir for tomorrow’s conference. Relations between Sudan and Uganda have been frosty for almost two years over the latter’s support for south’s independence, position on the warrant for Bashir and hosting some Darfur rebel figures.

Last October, Sudan’s First Vice President Ali Osman Taha accused Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni of seeking a regime change in Khartoum as part of his broader agendas to halt Arab advances in Africa. Museveni on his end condemned recent reports of aerial bombardments by Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) inside South Sudan. “Bashir must stop organizing aggression against the south. He should also deal with the agreements in the north,” Museveni said last month. In a related issue the ICGLR summit is expected to discuss the possibility of sending a fact finding mission to Sudan to investigate events in Sudan’s border states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan.

Liberata Mulamula, executive secretary of the conference told reporters that the heads of state will assess the gravity of the allegations and make the final decision on the probe. “It will depend on the leaders, if they find that the allegations warrant to make an investigation, they will take a position,” Mulamula said according to Xinhua. An independent committee of the organization in November recommended that a fact finding mission be sent to Sudan. “The committee pronounced itself and decided that they need to undertake a fact finding mission to Sudan so as to be able to verify these allegations,” she said. A delegate from Sudan during the ongoing meeting requested that

the committee’s report be stayed until Sudan is given chance to verify and respond to the allegations. He said allegations should be treated as allegations until proven to be true or false. The ministers agreed that Sudan’s concerns be registered noting that there is no contradiction with the proposed fact finding mission. South Kordofan h s been the scene of fighting since last June which followed gubernatorial elections in which incumbent Governor Ahmed Haroun was declared winner in his race against his SPLM-N candidate Abdel-Aziz alHilu, who was the deputy governor.

Kenyan envoy backs South Sudan’s EAC bid

The Kenyan ambassador to South Sudan, Cleland Leshore said his country remains in full support of South Sudan’s recent application to join the East African Community (EAC); a regional body that currently comprises Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda. on the eve of Kenya’s 48th independence anniversary in Juba, the South Sudan capital, Leshore said admission of Africa’s newest nation into the regional integration will enhance stability among the member countries. “South Sudan, as you may be aware, has for long been associated with the other East African nations historically, socio-economically, politically and culturally. [Thus] by applying to join the East African Community, it will be a form of formalizing these already existing traditional ties,” he said. Last month, South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir Mayardit announced his country had officially applied for membership of the regional integration, barely five months after its July 09 independence declaration. According the Kenyan ambassador, current members of the EAC will mutually benefit from South Sudan’s presence in terms of

improvement in education, road infrastructure and border security reforms. He also emphasized the need for continued cooperation among the EAC member countries, describing it as a platform for achieving development. In a related development, South Sudan’s minister for telecommunication and postal services, Madut Biar on Monday congratulated the Kenyan government and its people upon their 48th independence attainment, reiterating the importance for stronger bi-lateral relations between the two countries. Biar, who represented President Kiir at a ceremony organized by the Kenyan embassy in Juba, lauded also the Kenyan government and the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) member countries for their contributions towards the 2005 peace deal, which ended over two decades of the bloody north-south civil war. “As we celebrate this momentous occasion, let us all toast to the Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki and entire Kenyan population as they commemorate their 48th anniversary,” the minister said, as he raised his glass amidst cheers from the audience. Describing Kenya as South Sudan’s strong ally, the telecommunication and

postal services minister said continued cooperation between the two nations will boost trade, agriculture, investments, capacity building, and infrastructures, among others. Currently, plans are reportedly underway to make the landlocked South Sudan the ‘hub’ of sea ports shipments for East, West and North Africa. As part of the strategy is the proposal to build highways and railways passing through South Sudan and connecting Indian Ocean from Kenya with the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa as well Kenyan ambassador to South Sudan, Cleland Leshore (ST) as the Red Sea to facilitate transit of goods.

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LOCAL NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

President Kiir receives credentials of four ambassadors

President Kiir receives the credentials of the Egyptian ambassador.

The President of the Republic H.E Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit yesterday 8 December 2011 received the credentials of four ambassadors accredited to the Republic of South Sudan in a special accreditation ceremony organized at the Presidential Guest House in Juba. The Ambassadors are: 1. Amb. Moayad Fathallah Mohammed – Ambassador of Egypt 2. Amb. Chrition Bader – Ambassador of France 3. Amb. Susan Page –

Ambassador of USA 4. Amb. Jan Sedak – Ambassador of Sweden With this the total number of ambassadors accredited officially to the Republic of South Sudan so far is nine (9). The first two delivered their credentials to the President on 16 September, 2011 and they were: 1. Mr. Alaster Mcphail Ambassador of United Kingdom, and 2. Mrs. Ingrid Osfstad, Ambassador of Kingdom of Norway to South

President Kiir receives the credentials of the French ambassador.

Sudan. The second group of three delivered their credentials to the President on 15 November 2011. They were: 1. Amb. Li Zhiguo from China 2. Amb. Cleland Leshore from Kenya, and 3. Amb. Peter Felten from Germany. President Kiir congratulated the ambassadors and wished them success in their assigned jobs in the new state of

South Sudan. He said the Republic of South Sudan will work closely with the ambassadors to strengthen bilateral relations in all fields, and foster cooperation and mutual benefit between their countries and the Republic of South Sudan. The ambassadors expressed readiness of working with South Sudan to promote and facilitate cooperation, partnership and friendship with their countries. Goss website

VP visits Kenya Ports Authority over Lamu project The Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, Hon Dr Riek Machar Teny and the ministers who were in Mombasa for a working retreat visited the Kenya Port Authority (KPA) over the issue of gigantic Lamu port project. They were accompanied by the deputy state minister for Public Service and received by the managing director of the KPA Mr. Gichiri Ndua. After the warm reception at Kenya Port Authority, the Vice President said prior to independence 60% of South Sudan’s imports and exports were coming and going through Port Sudan but right after the

independence things changed. He said the visit was to see how Kenya can help South Sudan in accessing imports and exports through their ports. The VP and his entourage were briefed by the permanent secretary of Kenya’s Ministry of Transport, Dr Cyrus Njiru on the system of the port and more specially the Lamu Port project which is intended to facilitate South Sudan in the import and export process. Dr Njiru said South Sudan is second to Uganda in accessing the Mombasa Port which contributes immensely to their revenues. The deputy minister

for Commerce, Hon. Jenken complained of mismanagement of transit goods at the port, the KPA managing director said South Sudan revenue officers

are welcome to be based in Kenya to help in fixing such problems. He also disclosed that every country using the port is welcomed to share in port’s stakeholders’ meeting.

VP visits KPA over Lamu project

President Kiir meets the Swedish ambassador.

President Kiir meets the American ambassador.

Governor backs disarmament for peace The Deputy Governor of Jongeli State, Hussein Maar Nyuot has expressed confidence that disarming of civilians will bring peace to his volatile state. Jonglei has been disturbed by repeated communal killings, burning of houses and theft of livestock. This has attracted wide spread condemnation and many solution have been suggested including forceful disarmament. Speaking to the press in his office Maar said more police will be deployed to protect the population from raids. “For us to establish peace in Jonglei State, we want to immediately start

disarmament. And this is a policy accepted by the governments of the republic of South Sudan and the State,” he said. According to the deputy governor, collectively and with deployment of more police, disarmament of the communities would be possible. “And when people are disarmed for sure, there will be relative peace in the State,” he said. Maar says the poor road network remains the biggest challenge for the police in travelling quickly enough to catch the perpetrators of the attacks. It’s not yet clear when the disarmament exercise will start.


ACTIVE NEWS - 20th ACTIVE NATION 19th 14th - 25thOCTOBER DECEMBER 2011

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OCTOBER

LOCAL NEWS

Norwegian People’s Aid marks 25 years in S.S by Matata

The Norwegian People Aid (NPA) marked 25years of its solidarity with the people of South Sudan, since 1986, with a call to the government to build a stable democracy so that every voice in South Sudan has something to say in the development of their own future. “The government needs to build a stable democracy so that every voice in South Sudan has something to say in the development of their own future”, said Jan Ledang, the NPA’s Country Director. In an exclusive interview with the goss.org reporter, Mr. Ledang said the NPA has shown solidarity in practice with the people of South Sudan even during the most difficult times of

the struggle for freedom for the people of South Sudan. He stated that one out of the most many saddest moment was when one of the hospitals run by the NPA in Yei County in Central Equatoria was bombed by the then enemy forces destroying everything. He said that this is very significant in the sense that it gives a very strong message that the people of South Sudan were not forgotten during the long struggle. He added that the NPA was one of the few non-governmental organizations that moved together with the SPLA into all the liberated areas helping people during the struggle. Mr. Ledang stressed that the NPA, with the support of Unites States

Mr Ledang (right) showing Hon Dr Cirino Hiteng, the minister for Culture, Youth and Sports (left) a photo gallery of the NPA activities.

and Norway, managed to keep food distribution going and, besides food distribution, it was running five hospitals in the He observed that the UN had limited access to the people in need of help because they were operating under the control of Lifeline Sudan which the NPA did not

follow. He said the NPA had to move southwards from Northern Sudan to help South Sudanese whom, he said, were in enormous need of help. He said now time has come for development to take root in South Sudan. He pointed out that right now there is not much need of emergency food

Regional plan to make South Sudan the “hub” of sea ports shipments in Africa underway Plans are underway and some already at the implementation stage to make South Sudan the ‘hub’ of sea ports shipments for East, West and North Africa. These include projects to build highways and railways passing through South Sudan and connecting to the Indian Ocean from Kenya and with the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa and Red Sea to transit goods coming from either direction. The issue was discussed with Kenya’s Ministry of Transport and Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) in Mombasa on Saturday during the retreat of South Sudanese ministers under the chairmanship of the Vice President of South Sudan, Hon Dr Riek Machar. Kenya has already started to implement their part of the joint

regional project by building both the highway and railway to the border with South Sudan and that would also branch to connect with Ethiopia. The Vice President revealed that the joint plan was not a new Kenya idea but was initiated since 2003 during the CPA negotiations and he personally had to write an article about it. He said the process was only delayed because South Sudan was busy for the last six years working on implementation of self-determination’s referendum to independence. Kenya’s Ministry of Transport confirmed the initiative saying that once the regional project of highway and railway through South Sudan is implemented, it will reduce the period wasted in the ocean for movement of goods across Africa by over two weeks.

Currently ships had to move from Indian Ocean in East Africa and sail around southern Africa in order to reach goods to the other side of Africa in the west. The ships could now offload goods at Kenya ports and ferry them by the railways and highways to countries in the region. South Sudan, which is geographically located at the center of Africa, would be required to establish centers with the necessary facilities for transit goods passing through the country to the other nations in the region. Kenya is also planning to build oil pipelines connecting to South Sudan and refineries as it would buy crude oil from South Sudan, according to Kenya’s ministry of Transport, besides the internal plans by South Sudan to export its oil to

the regional and international market. Dr Machar further explained that South Sudan would also improve on its connections with north Sudan. South Sudan as a landlocked country also plans to build one of the biggest international airports at a place called Tali near the proposed new capital, Ramciel, with a free trade zone around it. He said the airport can have the capacity to land the biggest cargo planes in the world and fly in heavy cargoes into the region which other international airports in east Africa currently do not have the capacity to handle. by James Gatdet Dak, VP’s Press Secretary. Goss Website

delivery as has been the case. He said the NPA is currently engaged in rural development by supporting food production capacity development in order for South Sudanese to manage their own projects. He said he is proud that the NPA is one of the largest NGOs operating in South Sudan with a total number of 900 South Sudanese employed out of the total number of 950 NPA staff in the country, meaning only 50 are foreign employees. Mr. Ledang also stated that the NPA is engaged in strengthening the civil society by building capacity through trainings like in media and women group empowerment. He

further added that in rural development the NPA is training farmers. He said that in mine action, the NPA has trained field staff to take care of the mine action and sensitize the communities. He on other hand urged the government to review land issues such that food security can be ensured in South Sudan. He said the agricultural sector has to be developed such that the country can be self sufficient with food. He said the NPA is operating in seven states all round the country except for Northern and Western Bahr el Ghazal as well as Western Equatoria where he said there is little NPA operations at the moment. Goss Website

SPLM keen to promote partnerships with China

The SPLM Secretary General, Pagan Amum The SPLM Secretary General, Pagan Amum, says that South Sudan is looking forward to working in partnership with China in the development of its natural resources. Speaking to the press in Juba, after meeting the Chinese ambassador, Amum said that China is one of the countries witnessing rapid development despiste the economical crisis the

world is encountering. Referring to the recent oil row with Khartoum, Amum appreciated China’s meditation and assistance in attempts to solve outstanding issues related to oil exports. Meanwhile the Chinese Ambassador to South Sudan, Li Zhiguo said that a Chinese delegation is expected to visit the country to enhance bilateral cooperation between the two nations.


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LOCAL NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

H.E Kiir promises accountability and transparency to promote investments The President of the newly established state of South Sudan Salva Kiir promised prospective investors that his government is determined to take all measures that would improve good governance. “Good Governance is a priority of my Government in order for us to achieve the development that the people of South Sudan longed and fought for. We have now passed the Financial Management and Accountability act. These laws will strengthen the process of accountability and ensure transparency in the management of our resources” Kiir said in a speech at the International Engagement Conference for South Sudan in Washington today. “Furthermore, I have issued a decree that all senior government

officials should declare their resources by the end of January 2012; in absence of which they will be investigated. We are also considering obtaining membership in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative” he added. “As part of strengthening governance we shall also ensure that the environment is safe and secure for development and investment to take place” the Southern Sudanese leader stressed. U.S. officials say the conference will introduce South Sudan both to aid organizations and to private companies, seeking to jump start the economy and open up new opportunities, particularly in the oil and agriculture sectors. South Sudan is among the poorest countries in the world in terms of infrastructural development and services delivery to its

DONT MISS OUT?

President of South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit waves during the South Sudan International Engagement Conference at the Marriott Wardman Park Hotel in Washington, DC.

people, though it has economic potentials in agriculture and oil, among others. It has stepped up efforts to attract foreign direct investment in order to address the challenges and meet expectations of the people. The U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton at the conference highlighted difficulties facing South Sudan. “South Sudan is one of the least developed nations on earth. It faces a difficult, mutually dependent relationship with its northern neighbor. It is confronting continued

violence in that border region; deficits in health, education, infrastructure, governance, the rule of law; ethnic tensions; a combustible mix of extreme poverty, natural wealth, and fragile institutions” she said. Clinton also warned South Sudan that it should work to responsibly manage its oil wealth. “We know that it will either help your country finance its own path out of poverty, or you will fall prey to the natural resource curse, which will enrich a small elite, outside interests, corporations and

countries, and leave your people hardly better off than when you started,” she said. “South Sudan survived by being born, but it does need intensive care,” Clinton said. “And it needs intensive care from all of us.” South Sudan officially became an independent nation last July after its citizens voted in a referendum earlier this year overwhelmingly in favor of splitting from the north. The exercise was stipulated as part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which ended more than two-decades of civil war. However, the new state is faced my immediate challenges of fighting insurgencies, tribal conflicts and negotiating post-secession items with its northern neighbor. South Sudan is still dependent on Sudan’s oil infrastructure to export its crude to the outside world. The two countries

are still at odd on how much fees should be assessed for use of this service. In a related issue, the South Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM) and South Sudan Democratic Movement (SSDM) fighting the government in Juba released a statement warning U.S. businesses from heading to South Sudan. “The SSLA and SSDA warn American businesses to exercise caution before rushing to South Sudan which is now at war. No rational businessman or businesswoman could risk investing in a war zone. The American businesses are welcomed to South Sudan after the demise of Salva Kiir’s regime”. “The facts on the ground speak for themselves and it is very obvious that the situation is not conducive for investment in the South”.

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Page 8

EDITORIAL

Commentary

Editorial Are you ready for Christmas? 25th December, the day that is celebrated the world over as the birth date of Jesus Christ. And unlike other Christmas days South Sudan has celebrated, this will go down in the books of history as our first Christmas celebration as an independent state. This is a cause for celebration, Most of our comrades in the Diaspora who were not able to come for the independence celebrations have begun trekking in for Christmas and also the forthcoming CPA celebration in January. Such is how special this time is to all of us that we need to celebrate but with a caution. Statistics have proved that during such celebrations there is a tendency of relapse and carelessness with the people cerebrating. It is during such celebrations that people fall on the wrong side of the law and end up in jail, criminals also take advantage of this time to cause havoc and steal people’s property and money and in some cases by means of violence which leads to loss of life. There are also cases of increased accidents due to the recklessness of drivers especially those under the influence of alcohol and drugs, such celebrations don’t miss intoxications. There is also the danger of the AIDS scourge, it usually preys during merry making celebrations, and it takes advantage of people’s moods especially those under the influence of alcohol. The tide is high but we must rock through swiftly and smoothly, let’s remember that this is just the beginning as we are to celebrate more and more Christmas holidays. Let’s celebrate with a caution, Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays.

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Who’s the Founding Father of the Republic of South Sudan? By Isaiah Abraham

I’m probing to seek genuine answers not to provoke anyone or anything against our heroes, dead or alive. History is a beautiful thing, if it is interfered with and poorly written it back fire against values that guided human dignity and honor. Every leader in our case is a founding father in his/her own right, and the public will have no choice but to accord them the necessary place in the annal of our history. We owe them utmost appreciation for what they have done for the freedom of our people! Now that the liberation dusk has settled, and the mission is over, to whom should we tie this title called ‘father of the nation’ or ‘founding father of the Republic’? This is an important question whose time is right. The other day in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in Juba, I found a beaming man distributing small books written by socalled Bahr El Ghazal Council headed by the former Chief Justice Judge Ambrose Riiny Thiik, in which they have labeled Kiir as the Founding Father of the Republic and Garang as the founder of the New Sudan Vision and Nation. May be there are other books in which Garang was equally given the same title (founding father of the nation). If that is the case, then there is a problem that needs deciphering. I find it less talk about matter (because of its sensitivity), but for us in the media we always go for the truth and solutions for any anomaly or vague picture. Keeping quiet and allow the matter to die alone won’t help. It won’t die naturally, it will hurt many, it

has to be made clear on the onset. Talking underground either isn’t a nice thing to do. Mr. Ambrose mind has this argument: that Kiir should be the man, since in Kiir watch, the freedom of our nation and its proclamation were consummated. To them Garang is like any other great leader such as Saturino Ohure, Emelio Tafeng, Joseph Lagu etc. I don’t have to stand on their way of thinking. The issue here by the way is not about personalities but about us. Every leader we have had is fresh in our memory including every martyr that died in the course of our freedom. We are free at last and proudly grateful for a job well done by our leaders. The challenge now is whether we could keep up with the cause they have been fighting most of their lives. May we make the dreams of our leaders a reality. May we have a truly united and stable country under President Salva Kiir Mayardit and his able Assistant and man of the people H.E. Dr. Riek Machar Teny! May we have showers of blessing anytime from now, and that we should live in peace among ourselves and towards our friends. Having prayed and sincerely wish that things go for better for our people, I however don’t see any reason of taking you away from our topic. To this little author, there is no incentive to deny a credit to one of our great leaders and award it instead to his colleague in the arm struggle Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit. Gen. Kiir is aware of it, and always reserves himself a second fiddle accolade (at least publicly) to his brother and boss Dr. John Garang. Some

people have tried the button of malice on the expense of Garang’s legacy, but Comrade Kiir has resisted them, and I wish he continuous that way. Garang for starters was too heavy a man, so superior, unique and anything (a joker if you like). He was original and wasn’t a pretender, but above all was an inspirer and a visionary, qualities that critical for a leader of any nation. Let’s briefly define the majestic phrase ‘ father of the nation’ before we visit other historical leaders of other countries. According to Oxford English Dictionary, “father of the nation’ “ is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of the country, state or nation”. Also The Free Dictionary put it that: the founder of the nation is “a person who founds or establishes some institution”. By face value of that brief definition therefore, you could go on making your own conclusion (s).. Remember it is not about achieving independence or being the first president that makes anyone the founding father of the nation. That is not necessarily the case! It is rather a recognition for a cumulative and extraordinary efforts an individual has exerted in the formative stages of a nation. For example in Egypt, Saad Zaghloul (18591927) couldn’t have been recognized as the founding father of the Egyptians if an independence ticket was attached to that title. The first president of Egypt was Mohammed Naguib (in 1952). Namibia on

the other hand became an independence nation under Sam Nujoma; he was sworn in as first President after his SWAPO took over from the South Africans in 1990. But the founder of that nation remains none other than Hosea Kutako, not Nujoma. Tunisian Habib Bourgaiba is known as the father of that nation but before him were others that witnessed the achievement of independence, why? Because of what he has established there, something others before him didn’t do, and what other after him were and will try to build on. Sierra Leone Thomas Peters became a founding father among many more because of his ‘driving force’ when he convinced the British Abolitionists to help settle 1,192 Black American. The same is true in China with Sun Yatsen, who is currently holding the title the ‘father of the nation’. Everyone could think that Mao Zadong is the founding father of the Chinese people, but that is not the case. Indian Vallabhhai Patel freed that country from British rule, but still the honorific title was given to Mahtma Ghandi (1869-1948). Liberians Joseph Jenkins Roberts became a governor in 1841 for seven years, but that country wasn’t colonized. He is the current founding father of the Liberian Republic. South Africa is struggling now to rewrite their history by giving the title to Nelson Mandela but before him in the then Free Orange State were Jacobus Groenendall, Josias Philip Hoffman, Pieter Jeremias, Francis William Reitz etc.

Isaiah Abraham lives in Juba; he can be reached at Isaiah_abraham@yahoo.co.uk


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AFRICAN NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

Former dissident sworn in as Tunisia’s president Moncef Marzouki, who was imprisoned and exiled for years for opposing former President Zine el Abidine ben Ali, said during a ceremony in Tunis, the capital, he would be a leader “for all Tunisians.” “Other nations are watching us as a laboratory of democracy,” he said. Marzouki, 66, who heads the secular center-left Congress for the Republic party, was elected Monday by a ruling coalition dominated by the moderate Islamist Nahda party, which won the largest share of seats in an assembly charged with appointing a transitional government and drafting a new constitution.

More than 40 opposition members cast blank ballots to protest a vote they described as democratic windowdressing, saying real authority in the new government will be wielded by Islamists. Most power will be in the hands of the prime minister, and Marzouki is expected to name Nahda’s Hamadi Jebali to the post. Jebali will then have 21 days to form a government, which will be submitted to parliament for approval. Some secularists and liberals fear that Nahda will undermine civil liberties and edge the country toward Islamic law, accusations

Promising an end to decades of autocracy, a veteran human rights activist Moncef Marzouki was sworn in as president of Tunisia

ICC refers Malawi to UN over Sudan’s Bashir The International Criminal Court (ICC) has referred Malawi to the UN Security Council for refusing to arrest Sudan’s President Omar alBashir. Malawi hosted Mr Bashir in October in defiance of an ICC arrest warrant for him on charges of genocide in Darfur. Malawi said Mr Bashir enjoyed presidential immunity, and it would not violate African Union policy by arresting him. Three other African countries have already been referred to the Council. These include Kenya, where a judge last month issued his own warrant for Mr Bashir’s arrest, sparking a diplomatic row, which was resolved after Kenya’s government said it would not arrest Sudan’s president. Many African leaders accuse the ICC of only investigating alleged war crimes in Africa and ignoring those committed elsewhere. Mr Bashir was the first head of state to be indicted by the ICC, which accused him of genocide and war crimes in Darfur. He denies the charges, saying they are politically motivated. ICC spokesman Fadi elAbdallah told the AFP news agency it would be up to the UN Security Council to “determine what measures they will judge appropriate”

African leaders have called for the ICC to suspend President Omar alBashir’s arrest warrant

against Malawi. Malawi has ratified the treaty establishing the ICC but said it was not its “business” to arrest Mr Bashir. The ICC said its judges rejected the argument that Mr Bashir enjoyed immunity as a head of state. “The judges noted that immunity for heads of state before international courts has been rejected time and time again, dating all the way back to World War I,” it said in a statement. Chad, Kenya and Djibouti have also been referred to the UN Security Council for refusing to arrest Mr Bashir, even though they recognise the ICC. Last month, a Kenyan court criticised the government for failing to arrest Mr Bashir when he visited in August and issued its own warrant.

Kenyan Foreign Minister Moses Wetangula said the government would appeal against the ruling and it would not arrest Mr Bashir if he visited again. “We have voiced concerns about the manner in which the ICC has been pursuing African leaders and leaving leaders with much, much heavier responsibility of human rights and murderous actions,” he said, pointing to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Some 2.7 million people have fled their homes since the conflict began in Darfur in 2003, and the UN says about 300,000 have died - mostly from disease. Sudan’s government says the conflict has killed about 12,000 people and the number of dead has been exaggerated for political reasons.

denied by the party. Marzouki on Tuesday challenged the opposition to “participate in the political life of the country and not content itself with the role of observer.” He teared up when he spoke of the many people who died during weeks of street protests. Tunisia’s revolt was ignited last December when a young fruit seller, frustrated over lack of opportunity, set himself on fire, killing himself. Ben Ali was overthrown in January, inspiring uprisings across the Arab world, including in Egypt and Libya, where longtime leaders were also

Air Zimbabwe plane impounded in London A US firm on Monday seized an Air Zimbabwe plane at London’s Gatwick International Airport over a $1.2 million debt. American General Supplies (AGS) seized the Boeing 767-200 plane when it landed en route from Harare. The incident came barely a week after a South African company impounded another Air Zimbabwe plane over an outstanding debt of $500,0000. Bid Air demanded the outstanding money for ground handling services at OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg before releasing the Boeing 737-500 plane. Air Zimbabwe chief executive officer Mr. Innocent Mavhunga said they were negotiating with AGS to release the plane. “The debt has been outstanding for sometime and the plane has been impounded after we failed to meet the deadline of November 30 to settle to meet,” he told the state

owned Herald newspaper. He said the government, which is the major shareholder had indicated that it had no money to settle the ailing airline’s mounting debts. “The plane is supposed to depart London today (Tuesday) evening at around 8:30 and we are hopeful that if our negotiations succeed, we will have the plane back,” Mr Mavhunga said. “We are negotiating with the supplier to give us more time to look for the money while on the other hand, the Ministry of Transport is negotiating with the Ministry of Finance.” Air Zimbabwe chairmen Mr Jonathan Kadzura told an online publication that AGS had secured a court injunction in the US giving them the power to impound the aircraft. The airline was this year forced to ground its flights on two separate occasions after pilots went on strike demanding outstanding pay and salaries.


Page 10

AFRICAN NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

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Somalia’s al-Shabab launches ‘Twitter war’ Somalia’s militant Islamist group al-Shabab has launched an account on the microblogging site Twitter. The feed has attracted dozens of followers since it was created on Wednesday. The account might be an attempt by al-Shabab to counter Kenya’s military spokesman, Maj Emmanuel Chirchir, who regularly tweets about

operations in Somalia. Kenya sent troops into Somalia in October to fight the militants. Its parliament voted to integrate the troops into the 9,000-strong African Union (AU) force backing Somalia’s weak interim government. Al-Shabab - which means The Youth in Arabic - controls most of southern and central Somalia.

The first al-Shabab tweet was a koranic phrase in Arabic, meaning “In the name of God, the most gracious, the most merciful”. After that, al-Shabab switched to English and got down to the serious business of military propaganda. The first tweets gave a hint of what was, within a few hours, to become the most intense fighting for several months between the Islamists and government troops backed by African Union (AU) troops in the capital, Mogadishu. The tweets spoke of an attack by al-Shabab on an AU base in the north of the city. This was despite the fact that al-Shabab in August announced that it had withdrawn from Mogadishu - something the transitional government described as a massive victory. The tweets then launched into what the group described as the utter failure of Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia. One quoted the BBC story about the plan for Kenyan troops to join the AU force. It said this was proof that Kenya had run out of money to pay for the military operation, so it now needed the AU to pay for it. The advice to the Kenyan soldiers was put into one word, in capital letters - “FLEE”. There was also a tweet referring to the need for Somali government soldiers to sober up, accusing them of being intoxicated by the narcotic leaf, khat, which has been banned by al-Shabab. The al-Shabab Twitter site has attracted dozens of followers since it was launched a few days ago. At the time of writing, alShabab is following nobody. The Islamist movement has in recent months become increasingly adept at communicating its activities and messages to a non-Somali audience. It writes sophisticated press releases in excellent English, complete with photographs. And now it has a Twitter account. Perhaps this is in response to the highly active Twitter account of Kenya’s military spokesman. He issues a steady stream of information about what he says are Kenya’s military successes in Somalia. So far, he appears to be winning the Twitter war. He has nearly 10,000 followers. Al-Shabab has 400, but its site has only been active for a few hours, and that number increases every time.


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AFRICAN NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

Mali arrests French kidnappers

The alleged kidnappers of two Frenchmen in Mali last month have been arrested, Malian officials say. State TV later showed three of the four arrested Malians, allegedly linked to al-Qaeda’s North Africa wing. They did not give details about the fate of the hostages, whose photos have appeared on an Islamist website. Video footage has also emerged of three other Europeans held by suspected Islamists in the desert region. A spokesman for the Malian presidency said the arrested men were “subcontractors” for al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (Aqim), to whom they had handed over the hostages, the Reuters news agency reported The French citizens, Philippe Verdon and Serge Lazarevic, were seized at gun-point at a hotel in the central town of Hombori on 23 November. Aqim-linked fighters have in the past brought hostages into northern Mali from neighbouring countries. State TV showed the partially obscured faces of three of the arrested men, who were allegedly in possession of weapons, handcuffs and

communication equipment. The newsreader said the government was determined to take “whatever measures necessary to protect people’s safety and welfare on national territory.” Mr Verdon and Mr Lazarevic were said to be working for a local cement firm in Hombori, near the border with Niger, when they were kidnapped. Aqim - which often takes Westerners hostage for ransom - accused them of working for French intelligence. At the weekend, French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe said “contacts” had been made to secure the release of the hostages, but gave no further details. Aqim has posted on an Islamist website the photographs of Mr Verdon and Mr Lazarevic, along with three other unidentified Europeans, Reuters reports. In one image, the Frenchmen appear to have their hands tied behind their backs while in the second image the three other hostages have their hands on their knees, it reports. The hostages are surrounded by masked gunmen, but appear to be in good health, Reuters reports.The AFP news agency reports that it has seen video

Weapons, handcuffs and communication equipment were allegedly seized from the four men footage of an abducted Italian woman and a Spanish man and woman. Their faces are clearly shown and they can be heard identifying themselves in their own languages, it reports. The man’s foot is bandaged and the two women are dressed in blue gowns and yellow

headscarves, with masked gunmen keeping watch, the agency says. The footage includes the name of a previously unknown group, the Jamat Tawhid Wal Jihad Fi Garbi Afriqqiya, which means the Unity Movement for Jihad in West Africa. The group said on Saturday

that it was responsible for the abductions and that it had broken away from Aqim, AFP reports. Huge swathes of the Sahel region south of the Sahara Desert have been rendered offlimits to foreigners because of a spate of kidnappings in recent years.

Egypt elections enter second round

Egyptians are voting for a parliament which will draw up a new constitution Egyptians are going to the polls for the second round of elections to a new parliament - the first since President Hosni Mubarak was toppled in February. The first round earlier this month was dominated by Islamist parties, with the

Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party winning 36.6% of vote. They are set to consolidate their gains this week, with polling taking place in more rural and conservative areas. The long and complex election process will not be completed

until next month. The aim is to elect a lower house of parliament, which will then appoint a committee to draft a new constitution for the post-revolution era. Voting has been staggered over three months to allow each round to be carefully supervised by the judiciary. Under Egypt’s complex electoral system, two-thirds of the 498 elected seats in the People’s Assembly will be picked through proportional representation, using lists drawn up by parties and alliances. The remaining seats are decided by a first-past-the-post-system, with individual candidates required to win more than 50% of the votes to avoid a run-off contest. The second round is taking place in nine regions, including some outer districts of the capital, Cairo, and in more rural regions around the Nile Delta, traditionally a stronghold of Political Islam. Polling stations opened at

08:00 local time (06:00 GMT) and voting will took place in over two days and results are expected. Just as in the first round, queues formed early at polling stations and there were delays as some failed to open on time. The third round will be held in January, while a presidential election is scheduled to be held in mid-2012. The BBC’s Jon Leyne in Cairo says Islamist candidates are expected to build on their earlier gains, with the ultraconservative Salafist al-Nour Party forecast to do particularly well in the conservative areas. Al-Nour won 24.4% of the vote in the first round. The secular Egyptian Bloc came third in the first round with 13.4% of the vote, followed by the liberal Wafd Party with 7.1% and the moderate Islamist Wasat Party with 4.3%. The Revolution Continues, a group formed by youth activists behind the uprising that ousted

Mr Mubarak in February, won 3.5%. But the divide between the Freedom and Justice Party and the Salafists is as important as that between the religious and secular parties, says our correspondent. The Muslim Brotherhood are putting themselves forward as more moderate and pragmatic, while the more uncompromising Salafists are more in touch with the poorer sections of Egyptian society, he adds. Mr Mubarak stepped down in February after weeks of largescale political protests in Cairo and across the country. The military took over the running of the country, but it has been accused in recent months of trying to slow down the transition to civilian rule and safeguard its own interests. Protesters have again taken to the streets, and last month saw further deadly clashes with demonstrators angry at the slow pace of reform.


Page 12

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

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ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

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Page 16

Page 9 LIFESTYLE

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

Are you being used?

Dating, shopping…what’s The last thing we want when we find someone that we really like is to discover that we were just being used…but it does happen. As cruel, selfish and immature as it may be and seem, the truth is- there are people out there who will use others to fulfill their own selfish needs, whether it is for sexual purposes, money, free dates, temporary companionship, etc. It is very common for some to choose the path of denial when they see the red flags that they are being used, because they do not want to

believe the person they like actually is using them, nor do they want to believe that they could fall victim to such a thing. Denying the truth is helping no one, especially you. If you suspect you are being used for anything, you should become more alert and observant of the relationship you really have with this person and collect the facts, so that if you are being used, you can put an end to it as soon as possible. Here are some signs that point to the possibility that you are most likely being used:

1. You mainly just have sex- No matter how amazing the sexual connection may be between you and another person, a relationship should not be mainly a sexual one. There is more to a relationship and you should be connecting in more ways than just sexually. You two should be going out on dates, talking and getting to know each other on deeper levels. If you are mainly meeting up at each other’s homes for some talking and sex, then there is a high chance that you are being used for sex. 2. The Relationship does not move beyond dates- Okay,

we all know that every relationships starts with dating, so in the beginning you will go out on dates such as out to dinners, movies and other places of interest. This all fine and good, but if after a while you find yourself still in the dating stage, only seeing this person when you go out to treat him or her to dinner, movies, etcthen it is possible that you are being used for free dinners, movies and other treats. When a real relationship is building, the two of you will want to see more and more of each other, outside the dating scene. You will want to hang out at each other’s homes and have intimate experiences (both physically and emotionally), meet each other’s friends and/ or family and eventually agree that you are in an official relationship. If you cannot get this person to get officially involved with you, but he or she does not mind you to keep taking him or her out on dates here and there, beware! 3. You find yourself loaning more and more moneyThere is nothing wrong with helping someone out with money once in a while, especially if it is someone you really like and have a strong romantic interest in. We all could use some help sometimes and helping each other out is wonderful. There is a limit

however, on how much money you keep loaning someone- no matter how much you like them, especially if they are not really paying back the loans. If you are seeing someone and their asking to borrow money becomes more frequent without giving you much in return relationship wise, then there is a good chance that you are being used for money and you should then stop giving him or her money to see and find out whether they will really stick around once the money lending stops. 4. You mainly hang out when he/she is bored or has nothing else to do- Naturally, you are going to want to spend as much time as possible with the person you are interested in, but are the feelings mutual? If the person you are seeing makes a lot of excuses for not seeing you (they are busy, already have plans, something came up, etc) and seems to only see you at the last when minute when he or she has some time, then it is possible that you are being used for company when he or she has nothing else to do that they consider more important. Really watch out for this, because if a person is really that into you, they will want to spend as much time with you as possible and will not keep making excuses.w

Greatest living traveller visits South Sudan. SAndré Antoine Brugiroux who was born 11 November 1937 is a French traveller and author who, between 1955 and 2005, visited every country and territory in the world, the last being south sudan where he is going to be this week. He was named “greatest living traveller on earth” in 2007 in Jorge Sánchez’s list of Viajeros notables contemporaneous (Notable Contemporary Travellers). In 1955 at the very young age of 17, Andre would step from the door the family home in Paris, with a grand total of 10 francs to his name. With no firm idea on his future, he would then travel and work his way throughout Europe, picking up odd jobs along the way. During this time, Andre learned the foundations of several new languages, that would no doubt be of great benefit to him throughout the

coming years. His European travels lasted roughly seven years, but also included a compulsory listing of military service in the Congo during 1958 and 1959. After returning from military service, Andre made his way to the North American continent, and found employment in Canada, working as a translator from 1965-1967. It was this employment that was a crucial steppingstone to his forthcoming world journey, by giving him the ability to earn the necessary funds for him to travel the world extensively, hitchhiking non-stop for six straight years. Returning home after eighteen years on the road, and after visiting some 135 countries by hitchhiking over 400,000 kilometres via every means of transport possible. Andre began to write the first of several books ‘The

Earth is But One Country’ , but would also continue to make countless trips for the next 30 odd years, to the many countries and territories he had not yet seen. It wasn’t until 2004 when he crossed the border into the Himalayan Kingdom of Mustang, that he realized his childhood dream of visiting every country and territory on earth. This personal quest took the man over 50 years to complete, and in my opinion Andre Brugiroux is one of the greatest contemporary travelers of modern times, and has therefore been forthrightly inducted into the ‘Dromomaniacs Society’ here at DigiDrift.com. He has made a documentary film of his first, 18-year trip and has devoted his life to spreading the message of the Bahá’í Faith worldwide

By Saba Kidane

ADRO


Page17 8 Page

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

LIFESTYLE

Story of a dying African porn actor stranded in Europe It all began when she answered to an internet announcement. Lolita is from Nigeria and at only 26 years of age her testimony seems almost unbelievable. Her story perfectly illustrates some of the hardships thousands of African women go through. Prostitution has reduced her to a drug addict and an alcoholic with aids pulling her into the doomed path of the grim reaper. “If only I knew what was in store for me here, in this crazy place, this place that so many people admire, this place they all want to come to (…) a place where we, Africans, are considered as good for nothing, slaves who are made to eat human excrement and drink their urine. Some find it normal that sick people, perverts, rich people… use their money and influence to gravely abuse other humans. They say that we are adults and therefore consenting, but this is not true because no one asked for my consent before throwing me into this hell hole. I was forced and threatened… and if we are adults, what about the kids who find themselves in this milieu? Those people pay a lot to abuse the youngest ones. Poor people do not pay such ludicrous amounts of money for such things, simply because all their money will still not be enough to buy these…

“I am not afraid anymore”

I am disgusted and no more afraid, and by the way, who cares? My days are numbered anyway. My aids is in its final stages. They have more respect for dogs than for us. I know that not all the girls go through what I have been through. But I know what goes on in this milieu and why the girls deny all those horrendous things so as not to fall victim to their anger. Their riches give them the right over our lives… If their drugs, their aids and alcohol had not brought me to my death bed, their filth and the filth of their dogs that I was made to swallow as well as their violence would have done it anyway. I have prayed to God to forgive me and take me back. No human being can live with what I have in my head. I only have to close my eyes for a few seconds for all the horrors to come rushing back. Everyday and every night I go through the same torture. I need someone to help me end it all, I have no energy in me to even try it. My God! I want just a moment of silence to rest. I just want it over and done with and just go, go, go…

Recruited via the Internet

My troubles began in Lagos. I came across an internet announcement, which said that a businessman was looking for women who wanted to get married for his dating agency. There were photos and stories of happy and successful marriages. Apart from the internet announcement, I also answered to announcements posted in these magazines that we find everywhere now. It all went very fast. The

from their claws, while obeying their masters who would order them to go slow or use violence with me under them… I cried, I screamed, I prayed for the good lord to take me away. What was I doing? My poor mother would die if she knew. To prevent her from asking too many questions, I sent her money along with carefully staged photographs Bryan and I made. The worst moment came was when I was made to perform oral sex on these animals. Sex with the animals were unprotected and the man told me that I was not at risk since God had made sure that animals could not impregnate humans. For years I did only that. Litres of animal sperm in my stomach. My body is so filthy that not a single child could possibly be conceived in it. One day, to spice up the scenes, the producer’s wife went and fetched puppies to suck my breasts. It was very painful because they sucked violently as there was no milk. The professionals sell these films across the world while others watch them during parties.

My family lives well and I live with aids man contacted me and we started communicating via the Internet. He promised me things that no woman would refuse. A dream. In a matter of three months, I had every single paper needed to leave for London. He also gave me the names of persons I had to meet and everything went well. I also had to go to Benin City (a city in Nigeria, ndlr) to collect a small parcel for him. I was a bit taken aback when I realized that the little parcel he was talking about were three young boys between the ages of eight and twelve. Their passports and visas were ready. Everything was ok. I went to see a guy called “wizard” for instructions. Our trip took us through Ghana where someone provided us with Liberian passports with which we traveled to London. This was to help us obtain refugee status with ease. We left after spending three days in a shantytown in Accra where we were hidden to “avoid being spotted by jealous people who were not as lucky as us!” hmmm… The youngest boy was gripped by fear. He cried a lot, his whole body shook and could not utter a word. His only refuge were my arms and the only moment he left my arms was to allow me to go to the bathroom…

Defenseless children

At the airport, my fiancé and the person who was to collect the children were waiting. The separation was very painful. A lot of force was needed to tear the little boy from me. I never heard of those children again. I followed this man whom I knew nothing about apart from the fact that he called himself “Bryan”. We barely got to his house when the nightmare began. First of all, he wanted us to do it right away. But I told him that I needed some time as it is not too easy to open

up to someone I did not know, just like that. But his violent grip made me give in immediately. My first hours on the English soil were marked with rape and violence on somebody’s living room floor. He took a rest, drank whiskey and came back to do those horrible and painful things that I didn’t even know existed, again and again. I thought I was going to die. I was forced to do what he wanted, I knew only him and he had kept all my papers. After sexually abusing me, he asked me to watch films in which girls were having sex with animals. He said to study what the girls were doing because I was going to do the same soon. He said that my arrival had cost him a lot of money and I was going to have to pay him back. He also said that because he is a very nice man, he would find good business and film contracts and split the money between the two of us. He gave me a little something to give me courage, but not to worry because there was a lot of money to be made. Lots of money. That little something to give me courage was, in fact, drugs. This is how, three weeks after my arrival in England, I became a bestial porn star addicted to drugs and traveling through european capitals; Amsterdam, Berlin, Paris and London, my residence.

Women and animals

Once or twice a week, I was sent to film sets or individual homes to tape these nasty pornographic videos. Sometimes the master and his dogs would join in. It gave me nausea. His wife would look on, amused, while mixing herself cocktails. I took drugs and drunk before doing those scenes, because without getting high on drugs, I just couldn’t do it. These animals in me, their slaver, their hairs, their bad breathe, the scratches

I have to confess that I made a lot of money. I had a house built back home and my family lives well. I pay the school fees for the young ones and I am respected and adored. My family is very proud of me because they know nothing about what I do. Out of greed, I worked more to get more money, which also meant more drugs and alcohol. Sometimes Bryan rented me out to a friend of his in the south of France, because in summer, the arrival of a number of yachts and celebrities at the côte d’azur means a big market for prostitutes and drug dealers. There are all night long orgies and they pay a lot. It is a change from the usual work and brings in a lot of money. I think that is where I was infected with aids… and because I did not have regular medical check ups the disease was discovered too late. I was abandoned on the beaches of Saint Tropez. Bryan disappeared and changed his address. A prostitute from Poland came to my aid but since she was not able to cater for my drug needs as well as all she was doing for me, she introduced me to an African girl who was also involved in the same line of work, who introduced me to an association that takes care of African women with aids… My disease is in its terminal stage. I won’t live past thirty. My body is covered with leeches, I am a drug addict, anorexic, alcoholic… I still work as a prostitute, but I am careful not to put my clients, who know nothing about my situation, at risk. I do it to help me buy drugs and alcohol. I take those things to speed things up, you know, my death. The images torture me and it is like a poison killing me in small doses. It is the worst kind of death. I regret so much for coming to Europe. Back home, I would be healthy, married and by now a mother…”


Page 18

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

BUSINESS CARDS

Don’t miss CPA advertising offers in Active Nation. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), also known as the Naivasha Agreement, was a set of agreements culminating in January 2005 that were signed between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan. The CPA was meant to end the Second Sudanese Civil War, develop democratic governance countrywide and share oil revenues. It further set a timetable by which Southern Sudan would have a referendum that led to independence. To celebrate the first post independence CPA celebrations in South Sudan, Active Nation will have special rates for our customers who would like to congratulate the patriotic citizens, Business Community, Non Govermental Organizations, Government of South Sudan, Ministries, As we celebrate the first post independence CPA cerebrations.

For more contact Active Nation on +256 776 78 56 50, 0955 710 805 editor@makerere-edu.org www.activenationss.webs.com

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ACTIVE NATION PUBLICATION is seeking for Distributors, Marketeers,

Due to International Newspaper standards by International Newspaper Standards Association, Active Nation will Now be printing on The news print type of paper so as to serve you better. Active Nation is Proud to inform you that with the new changes it will be a full color publication, making it the first full color publication in the Republic of South Sudan. This Change in paper will however not affect the cost of the paper. We thank all our Clients, Advertisers and Customers for the continued support. Active Nation, Communicating for Development

Reporters in all states of South Sudan.

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Page 19

INSIGHT

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

THE ELEPHANT THAT KNEW GOD One afternoon, a lonely elephant emerged at the outskirts of ‘’nyigualgut’’ cattle camp in search of would be an enemy .Appearing close to the cattle camp, the inhabitants of the camp became frightened. The elephant was coming closer to “Kraals’’ where the old and the

children were usually resting when the cattle were accompanied by the young men to grazing land. The elephant never stopped coming to the cattle camp to cause problems. When the young men saw the danger, they collect their

spears and went out to meet the dangerous elephant beyond the cattle camp. They dashed to the out skirts of the cattle camp and met the wild and lonely elephant known in Monyjang as ‘’KUOOC’’. Both the elephant and the people started as-

saulting each other until the people managed to inflict serious wounds on it. But it continued for several hours, the people and the elephant chasing themselves by turn . An innocent child a bystander, asked the people on reaching the ground,

‘’Why are you confusing the animal by running after it and you run away from it without killing it. You are putting your lives in danger’’. When the people heard this statement from a child, they made concerted effort to either kill the elephant or chase it away

JONATHAN MAYEN NGUEN

out of the cattle camp, which they achieved finally. The elephant, having felt that its life is in danger started to run towards a nearby river in an attempt to escape death. After reaching the river, the people ran after it and were determined to kill it. Seeing this critical situation of no hope for survival, it jumped into river to swim to other shore. While in the river there was a strong current with heavy waves, which made the elephant to think that it could possibly drown. Waves after waves were splashing on the elephant’s body especially the face. The elephant thought and thought of what to do next after escaping from the people who wanted to kill it. Suddenly the elephant remembered the creator God for an immediately assistance, it started to meditate to God in prayer for almost twenty minutes whiles standing in the middle of the trouble waters threatening its life. God heard its prayers and made the river waves and serious currents to calm down and the elephant went ashore in happiness with appreciation to God. While resting on the river shore and thanking God for saving it life, a voice came out from its ear, with a continuous call to the elephant became very frightened. It responded to the voice coming out from its ear. It asked the voice to come out. The voice was that of an insect trapped in the ear of elephant during these two ordeals of the elephant ‘’I want to thank God also to have saved your life along with me while in your ear,’’ the insect said. Then insect came out from ear of the elephant, appreciating what God has done in answering the prayers of the elephant.


Page 20

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

ADVERT

The journey to freedom How Freedom fighter Col John Garang de Mabior reached us to Independence As we look forward to commemorate the first post independence CPA celebrations on the 9th of January 2012, Active Nation will bring you the in-depth analysis of how Dr John Garang made it possible for ROSS to gain its independence. Don’t Miss Every Monday in Active Nation.

The Hero A member of the Dinka ethnic group, Garang was born into a poor family in Buk village in the upper Nile region of Sudan. An orphan by the age of ten, he had his fees for school paid by a relative, going to schools in Wau and then Rumbek. In 1962 he joined the first Sudanese civil war, but because he was so young, the leaders encouraged him and others his age to seek an education. Because of the ongoing fighting, Garang was forced to attend his secondary education in Tanzania. After winning a scholarship, he went on to earn a B.A. in economics in 1969 from Grinnell College in Iowa, USA. He was known there for his bookishness. He was offered another scholarship to pursue graduate studies at the University of California, Berkeley, but chose to return to Tanzania and study East African agricultural economics as a Thomas J. Watson Fellow at the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM). At UDSM, he was a member of the University Students’ African Revolutionary Front. However, Garang soon decided to return to Sudan and join the rebels. There is much erroneous reporting that Garang met and befriended Yoweri Museveni, future preside nt of Uganda, at this time; while both Garang and Museveni were students at UDSM in the 1960s, they did not attend at the same time. The civil war ended with the Addis Ababa Agreement of 1972 and Garang, like many rebels, was absorbed into the Sudanese military. For eleven years, he was a career soldier and rose from the rank of captain to colonel after taking the Infantry Officers Advanced Course at Fort Benning, Georgia. During this period he took four years academic leave and received a master’s degree in agricultural economics and a PhD from Iowa State University after writing a thesis on the agricultural development of Southern Sudan. By 1983, Col. Garang was serving as senior instructor in the military academy in Wadi Sayedna 21 km from the centre of Omdurman where he instructed the cadets for more than four years. Later he was nominated to serve in the military research department at Army HQ in Khartoum. Sponsors and partners’ space

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ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

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In Memorial Page In-Memoriam Page

“Once the flames are gone, it seems as if our life has been smothered in a heavy coat and soot and ash, The Charred remains of our hopes and dreams are but a distant memory. What once was so beautiful and Important in our life is now gone” When our loved ones depart from us, they leave precious memories. Book space every week in The Active Nation and share your memories with others at affordable rates at SSP 150.

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ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

How the Europe financial crisis is threatening African economies

NIGERIAN FINANCE MINISTER NGOZI OKONJO-IWEALA The finance ministers of Nigeria and South Africa have strongly criticised the European Union for failing to stop the spread of the Eurozone debt crisis. Pravin Gordhan of South Africa and Nigeria’s Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala said market volatility was threatening Africa’s economic prospects. Mr Gordhan said Europe’s financial problems were reducing global trade. Mrs Okonjo-Iweala said the EU could learn from the developing world on how to manage debt and promote growth. African economies were hit in the post-

Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008, and history is repeating itself, Mr Gordhan told the BBC. “The new epicentre of the crisis in the eurozone is having a damaging effect on our economies.” He said that was partly due to Europe states being major trading partners for Africa. He also alleged that European leaders did not take the rest of the world into consideration. Dictating trends Speaking on the BBC World Service’s Business Daily programme, Mr

Gordhan said that Europe was dictating the investment mind-set. “When European leaders are unable to make the right decisions, we have money moving out of our economies into so-called safe havens,” he said. “This has a major effect on our economies and the volatility of our currencies is not useful.” “They do not have the capacity to manage their own back yard on the one hand, and ensure that they don’t damage the rest of the world on the other.” Meanwhile, Mrs Okonjo-Iweala said the global crisis was translating into volatility in prices for the commodities and products that Nigeria exports, and also volatility in the currency and the stock market. “Sixty per cent of demand for Nigeria’s products comes from Europe and the US,” she said, although the country was trying to diversify its markets. She said that whenever she talked about economies in Africa, she prefaced her comments with reference to what is happening globally. “What needs to be recognised when these decisions are being made in Europe, is how they can make more use of the dynamism of the developing world,” she said. Role reversal According to Mr Gordhan, the developed world debt crisis is pulling down the rest of the world. “All of our economies are now sliding, whether we are in Brazil or India or China or wherever,” he said, adding “that is going to have massive consequences in terms of the overall global outlook.” Ms Okonjo-Iweala said that developed countries could look at some of the lessons that come from the work that developing countries have done, and ask why these economies are now rebounding and sustaining growth. “It is because many of our economies, even in Africa, have gone through some of the challenges the developed world is now going through,” she said. “We have learnt lessons, we have learnt how to manage our economies to produce sustained growth,” she said. “Africa has learnt to keep its debt at a sustainable level and is consistent when managing the macro-economy.” These are lessons, she feels, that would benefit the developed world.

BUSINESS

Hong Kong named world’s top financial hub

The Hong Kong stock exchange is the fifth largest in the world [EPA] “Milestone” for Asia as Chinese city beats New York and London in influential annual survey of world financial centres. Hong Kong has become the first Asian city to top an annual survey of global financial development, overtaking the world’s traditionally dominant financial industry hubs in New York and London. The World Economic Forum on Tuesday said that Hong Kong, a semiautonomous Chinese territory, had jumped from fourth to first due to its strong scores on non-banking financial services such as initial public offerings and insurance. New York’s Wall Street and the City of London, which are struggling to recover from the global financial crisis, slipped on lower scores for financial stability. “Hong Kong’s ascent to the top of our index marks a major milestone,” said Kevin Steinberg of the World Economic Forum. The World Economic Forum’s Financial Stability Index ranks 60 countries’ financial systems. It is the first time since the Genevabased World Economic Forum began the survey four years ago that neither the US nor the UK has placed first on the list. Among the top 20, Japan moved up to eighth place while Malaysia climbed one spot to 16th. South Korea jumped six spots to 18th place while China, treated as a separate entity to Hong Kong, rose three places to 19th. Factors measured included a market’s business and institutional environment, financial stability and development of stock, bond, currency and derivative markets. The index looks at long-term measures to support financial system development and is aimed at helping economies identify areas for reform.


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ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

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Page 24

INTERNATIONAL

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

African street vendors shot dead in Florence An Italian gunman killed two street sellers from Senegal and wounded three other people in an apparently raciallymotivated shooting spree in the city of Florence before committing suicide, according to police. Gianluca Casseri, 50, who Italian officials described as a right-wing extremist, parked his car in the crowded Dalmazia square at lunch time on Tuesday, got out and started shooting with a large pistol, witnesses said. Two Senegalese men were killed and one was seriously injured. After the shooting, he drove away and opened fire again about two hours later in the central San Lorenzo market. The market is one of the Renaissance city’s most famous, and is usually packed with tourists

because of its location halfway between the famous domed cathedral and the train station. The gunfire sparked panic among shoppers and two more street sellers, also believed to be African migrants, were wounded at the market. Afterwards, Casseri fled to a parking garage, got in his car and shot himself in the throat, police said. ‘Barbarous’ attack In a statement, Italian President Giorgio Napolitano condemned all forms of “racist violence and xenophobia” and called the attacks “barbarous”. Around 200 Senegalese marched through the city in an angry protest after the shootings, shouting “Shame!” and “Racists!” Hundreds of immigrants were later seen praying on their knees in tears

in front of Florence’s famous cathedral. “The heart of Florence is crying today,” Matteo Renzi, the city’s mayor, said in a Twitter message, declaring a day of mourning on Wednesday and pledging to repatriate the bodies

Children rescued in Pakistan seminary raid after a tip-off, said an administrator at the seminary was arrested during the raid. The parents of 53 young inmates at the seminary in Karachi paid to have their children treated with a regimen of Islamic instruction and worship. “They were kept there like animals,’’ Akram

integration, and a Senegalese imam will attend a ceremony at Florence city hall on Wednesday. “Don’t tell me he was crazy, because if he were crazy he would have killed both blacks and whites,” one African man who took part in

the school, which was equipped with chains, hooks and a warren of basement rooms. Police said 21 teenagers were among those found during the raid. Naeem said officers had ruled out any possibility that the seminary had links with armed groups, which are known to use madrassas for recruitment. Hanif Jullandhri, head of a federation of Pakistani madrassas, told Express television that the premises was not registered. “We strongly condemn this and urge the government to take the harshest possible action against its owners. The government should investigate how such torture cells are established and operated,” he said. ‘Black magic’ Azmat Ullah, a 17-yearold student, said his father sent him there because he suffered “fits” and could be violent. “My father took me to several spiritual healers

who said I was a victim of black magic,” he told the AFP. “Three months ago, I was admitted here.” “My father pays 3,000 rupees [$34] per month to the madrassa as a fee to make me a normal person, but I still suffer from fits and despite that they kept me chained and beat me with sticks ruthlessly,” Ullah added. Another parent Mohammad Ashraf said he had sent his eight-year-old son Mushtaq Ahmed to the madrassa believing he would receive a religious education. “I didn’t know the madrassa management would beat him so mercilessly. I will no longer keep my son in this madrassa,” he said. His son said the teachers beat the students daily. Unregulated seminaries There is little or no state help for drug addicts in Pakistan, and other seminaries in the country offer similar treatment. Many institutions in Pakistan are also known to chain addicts and

some mental patients. Pakistan has thousands of unregulated seminaries offering free or cheap education, food and lodging for poor children. Reports of abuse at such centres occasionally surface. An estimated 1.7 million Pakistani children, or five per cent of all those in formal schooling, are educated at Islamic seminaries. Video footage taken after the raid showed men in chains and the grubby basement room where they were held, along with bedding. The men had no obvious signs of mistreatment. Several parents, who paid the seminary around $150 to take their children, protested the raid at a local police station. “I brought my grown up son here because he is a drug addict and he was making my life miserable,’’ one man told a local television station. “I don’t want to take him back..

Witnesses told police the shooter got out of a vehicle and began shooting Senegalese vendors

Many young people found shackled in chains in basement of Karachi seminary which offered treatment for drug problems.

Pakistani police who raided an Islamic seminary where parents paid for their children to be treated for drug addiction have uncovered dozens of young people held in chains in a dirty basement. Police involved in the Monday night rescue, which reportedly came

to Senegal. “I think the pain for the lives that have been cut short is not only for the Senegalese community but for all the citizens of our city,” Renzi said. Andrea Riccardi, Italy’s minister of international co-operation and

the march was quoted as saying by the Italian news agency Ansa. Casseri was the author of fantasy novels including “The Key of Chaos” about a wizard, a mathematician and an alchemist, which enjoyed some popularity. He also wrote an academic paper about Dracula folklore and was the editor of a magazine about fantasy and horror fiction and comics. Casseri lived on his own in the Tuscan countryside near Pistoia. He was also a member of Casa Pound, a right-wing community group that is seen as more intellectual than other far-right organisations. “He was a bit strange, a bit of a loner but he didn’t seem crazy. He was living in his own world,” said Fabio Barsanti, a regional co-ordinator for Casa Pound.

Naeem, a police officer, said. He added that students who tried to escape or were dealing drugs were chained together. ‘Torture cells’ Former students including an eightyear-old told the AFP news agency that they were regularly beaten at


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ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

INTERNATIONAL

Israel re-opens walkway to Jerusalem holy site Israel has re-opened a walkway to Jerusalem’s holiest site, two days after its closure on safety grounds sparked Palestinian anger. Police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said the wooden footbridge to the Moughrabi Gate, leading to the Haram al-Sharif or Temple Mount, could once again be used. Put up as a temporary measure in 2004, the Jerusalem City Council said it posed a fire risk and might collapse. The Palestinian Authority and Hamas both condemned the council’s decision. Any construction work at the Temple Mount or Haram al-Sharif (Noble Sanctuary) compound in East Jerusalem - the most sacred site in Judaism and Islam’s third holiest shrine - can be politically explosive. In 2007, work to dismantle the walkway

and rebuild the stone ramp damaged in 2004 led to protests in the Muslim world, while in 1996 work to open a tunnel alongside the compound sparked clashes in which 80 people died. Jerusalem City Council had ordered that the footbridge used by nonMuslims to access the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount, where the alAqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock stand, be torn down last month so rebuilding work could begin. However, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu instructed councillors to postpone it due to the sensitivity of the issue and warnings from the military in Egypt that it would cause the protests there. Then last week, Jerusalem council chief engineer Shlomo Eshkol announced that

Jerusalem City Council had ordered that the footbridge used by non-Muslims to access the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount

Jerusalem City Council had ordered that the footbridge be torn down last month he intended to order the “immediate closure of the structure” and to “completely prohibit its use”. On Sunday night, the walkway was closed. Council officials said the

footbridge posed a severe security threat because it was highly flammable and in danger of collapse. They warned that if a fire broke out, it could spread to the Haram al-Sharif/

Temple Mount. Following the footbridge’s closure, a spokesman for Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said it represented

another “attack” on efforts to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. A spokesman for Islamist militant group Hamas, which governs the Gaza Strip, said the decision was a “serious step” which amounted to “a declaration of religious war on the Muslim holy places in Jerusalem”. Mr Rosenfeld said the Jerusalem authorities had reopened the footbridge. The city council said in a statement on Tuesday that the government had called off the demolition and would be shoring up the walkway instead

Four die in grenade attack on Belgian shoppers A man hurled grenades at a bus stop in the Belgian city of Liege and sprayed gunfire at crowds of Christmas shoppers and children on Tuesday, killing four people and wounding 123 before fatally shooting himself in the head. It was not clear what his motive was, but Belgian officials said there was no indication it was an act of terrorism. Witnesses said the gunman, Nordine Amrani, 33, began his attack near a bus stop at Place Saint Lambert, a central shopping area and the site of the Christmas market and main courthouse - sending shoppers scattering to flee the bullets. Amrani, freed from jail about a year ago after a conviction for possessing weapons and drug offences, ended it by shooting himself in the head with a handgun, the witnesses said.

Medics treat a victim of the grenade attack as police “He had a bag. He got a grenade out of his bag. He threw the grenade at the bus stop. Then he had a Kalashnikov (rifle). He shot in all directions. Then everyone ran to try to save themselves. Then he got a revolver out and put a bullet in his head,” one witness told RTBF radio. A 15-year-old boy died

at the scene, while a 17-year-old boy, a 75-year-old woman and a 17-month-old baby died in hospital. A justice official said 123 had been wounded. Liege’s mayor, Willy Demeyer, said the two boys had been taking school exams nearby just before being caught in the attack.

Shattered glass and blood stains were scattered across Place Saint Lambert. The square and surrounding roads remained closed on Tuesday evening, with police blocking access. The street of Amrani’s former house in a quiet part of northern Liege was also sealed off. At Amrani’s most recent

address, an apartment block near the scene of the attack, Johan Buron said he was surprised to learn of his neighbour’s crime. “He was calm, every time I met him in the corridor he was very friendly and said ‘Hi’, “ he told Reuters. “If my memory serves me right he was a welder.” Random killings of this kind are relatively rare events in Belgium. Most recently, in January 2009, a man stabbed to death two infants and a woman, and injured 13 at a nursery in the town of Dendermonde. Gaspard Grosjean, a journalist for a local Liege newspaper, was in the square moments after the attack. “We saw people with bullet wounds in their shoulders, their hands,” he said. “I see people completely scared, people are crying, everyone is on their phones.” Justice officials said

Amrani had been summoned in the morning to appear before police, an appointment he did not make. He was sentenced in 2008 to almost five years behind bars for illegal possession of arms and growing cannabis, a year after Liege police discovered rocketlaunchers, an AK-47 rifle and pump-action shotguns among a cache of arms. He was freed on parole in October 2010. Public prosecutor Daniele Reynders said that although the gunman had a record for drugs dealing, arms possession and holding stolen goods, there had never been a sign he was unbalanced in any way. Belgian Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo expressed horror at the attack and travelled to the city, 90 kilometres east of Brussels. Belgium’s king and queen also visited.


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TECHNOLOGY

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

Electric car rental scheme hits Paris streets

P

ay-as-you-drive electric car rentals are expected to help cut pollution and reduce traffic in Paris, as the new fleet of fully electric Autiolib’ vehicles hits the French capital. As of Monday (5 December), Parisians could take the bubble cars for a ride from more than 1,200 parking spots where they rest for recharge. A subscription cost €10 a day or €15 a week, while an annual subscription of €144 subscription allows users to take the car for only half an hour each time for €5, just over the price of two underground tickets.

The Autolib’ system builds on the success of the Velib’ bicycle-sharing service and could provide a shop window for entrepreneur Vincent Bolloré and his nascent car battery business. “We want to persuade people to shift from the concept of owning a car to that of using a car,” Autolib’ General Manager Morald Chibout told Reuters. Soaring insurance and parking costs have already persuaded 25% of French citizens to cut back or give up on using their cars, according to a study published last year by Chronos TNS Sofres. The little four-seater

Autolib-electric-car-sharing-scheme-launched-in-Paris

Bluecar, designed and manufactured exclusively for Bolloré by Italian designer Pininfarina, famous for sculpting Ferraris and Maseratis, will have a range of up to 250 km between before a

recharge which will take about four hours. Bolloré said his batteries are safer than the lithium-ion variety used by most of the car industry because they are less prone to

overheating. They are also more stable when being charged and discharged. The car rental scheme follows the car-sharing project launched on 30 September 2011, which also aimed to clear the traffic-clogged Parisian boulevards and deliver what its backers hoped would be a major boost for electric vehicles. Under the €235 million project, the brainchild of Paris Mayor Bertrand Delanoë, the car-hire service debuted with 66 cars and 33 rental stations across Paris before expanding to 3,000 vehicles and more than 1,000 stations by

the end of 2012. Similar projects exist in the US and in other European countries, such as Belgium, Germany and Switzerland. The Belgian ‘Zen Car’, one of the first EV-for-hire services, was launched at the beginning of this year with around thirty “100% electric” cars. The vehicles can be booked by internet or via phone and can be found in around 15 different parking spots around Brussels, next to transit stops. The standard annual subscription for ‘Zen Car’ costs €40 with an hourly rate of €7 in the day time and €5 at night.

Iphones are banned in Syria Various newspapers are reporting that the Syrian government has issued a blanket ban on Apple’s Iphone hardware to stop people from uploading videos of unrest. A statement attributed to the local Customs Department of the Syrian Finance Ministry warns residents against

using the phone, but does not specify what might happen if they are caught. “The authorities warn anyone against using the iphone in Syria,” reads the statement attributed to the government and seen by newspapers including Haaretz. com. According to the BBC, imports of the

handsets have been banned too, as the government looks to quell unrest and any images of it. The Daily Mail reminds us that Syria is the home of Steve Jobs’ ancestry, and suggested that this will annoy Jobs’ estranged father, Abdul fattah John Jandali, who is a native Syrian.

The laser can fire a three-metre square ‘wall’ of light that temporarily blinds

Police test for riot laser that can temporarily blind A new laser designed to temporarily blind people is going to be trialled by police. Called the SMU 100 it costs £25,000 and sends out a three-metre “wall of light” that leaves anyone caught in it briefly unable to see. Designed by a former Royal Marine Commando, it was originally developed for use against pirates in Somalia. Its makers claim an unnamed police force is set to trial the device which could be used against rioters. Since the riots in several English towns and cities

over the summer there has been extensive examination of the tools and tactics police use for large-scale crowd trouble. While tasers and CS gas work well over short distances the laser is said to be effective at up to 500 metres (1,640ft). Paul Kerr is managing director of Clyde-based Photonic Security Systems, which came up with the design. He said: “The system would give police an intimidating visual deterrent. If you can’t look at something you can’t attack it.” Being targeted by the

beam has been compared to staring into the sun before being forced to turn away. Although the blinding effect is only temporary part of the trial will see scientists carry out further research on any potential side-effects. Only if it gets the all clear will it then be passed on to the Home Secretary to be signed off for use. It’s not the first time a laser has been used to temporarily blind people. Similar devices have already been used by British and American troops in Afghanistan to help protect convoys from attack


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ENVIRONMENT

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

Breast cancer report finds links to environmental causes A new report - two years in the making - was finally released this week on the possible causes of breast cancer. For those looking for a link between the disease and environmental toxins, the report may come as a disappointment, as researchers were not able to find many clear links between chemical exposure from things like air pollution, cleaning products and drinking water to the development of breast cancer. The major findings of the report, released by the Institute of Medicine - an independent arm of the National Academy of the Sciences - are actually pretty boring, and nothing that we didn’t already know. The best ways to avoid breast cancer? Avoid unnecessary medical radiation, steer clear of hormone treatments for menopause that combine estrogen and progestin, minimize alcohol intake and limit weight gain. The sponsor of the 364 page report was the breast cancer advocacy group, Susan G. Komen for the Cure, which requested the report and spent $1 million on it. The fact that the report did not find any major links between breast cancer and

environmental toxins was a disappointment to some health advocates. But according to the panel, it can be difficult to precisely define exposures that occurred in the past or over and long and indefinite periods of time. And the complex chemical cocktail that many of us are exposed to on a daily basis makes it almost impossible to determine the effects of each chemical individually on each study subject. The panel found “possible associations” between breast cancer and secondhand smoke, nighttime shift work and exposures to the chemicals benzene, ethylene oxide and 1,3-butadiene, which are found in some workplaces, car exhaust, gasoline fumes and tobacco smoke. But again, the links were vague and unclear. Researchers hope more studies can be conducted on environmental exposures at different stages of life, because different toxins may affect breast tissue differently at various stages of a woman’s development. For instance, exposure to radiation as a child may increase breast cancer risk more than the same radiation exposure as an adult.

Ladybugs Changed Color in Response to Climate Change Thirty years ago, if you were walking along the coast of the Netherlands and picked a twospot ladybug off the leaf of a European lime tree, chances were that the bug would be red with black spots. If you were farther inland, you’d have had a good chance of finding a bug that was black with red spots. In the past 3 decades, however, researchers have been finding more red bugs inland. The reason, they believe, is that a warming climate and fewer sunny days might be driving a shift in ladybug color. Paul Brakefield, an ecological geneticist at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom and colleagues have studied the two-spotted ladybugs for decades, intrigued by why different populations of ladybugs have different colors. In 1980, 10% of the ladybugs living near the coast were black with red spots, or melanic, whereas 90% were red with black spots, or nonmelanic.

In contrast, 40 kilometers inland, 40% of the ladybugs were melanic and 60% were nonmelanic. The color difference was likely an adaptation that allows the darker melanic ladybugs to stay warm in the cooler inland climes, whereas a lighter color prevents the nonmelanic bugs from getting too hot on the coast. One protein is responsible for the difference between the two colors, and the genetic switch from one to the other is very simple. But the researchers still don’t know how exactly sunlight or temperature influence ladybugs’ color. Over 25 years of sampling insects, Brakefield and his colleagues noticed a change. As they continued to catch hundreds of ladybugs every 5 years or so, over 50 generations of ladybugs, they found more of the nonmelanic bugs, even when sampling inland. In 2004, the last year in which the researchers could gather enough ladybugs to see a significant trend, they found that only 20% of the ladybugs in any area were melanic.

Canada withdraws from Kyoto Protocol

Canada withdraws from Kyoto Protocol Canada will formally withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol on climate change, the minister of the environment has said. Peter Kent said the protocol “does not represent a way forward for Canada” and the country would face crippling fines for failing to meet its targets. The move, which is legal and was expected, makes it the first nation to pull out of the global treaty. The protocol, initially adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, is aimed at fighting global warming. “Kyoto, for Canada, is in the past, and as such we are invoking our legal right to withdraw from Kyoto,” Mr Kent said in Toronto. He said he would be formally advising the United Nations of his country’s intention to pull out. ‘Impediment’ He said meeting Canada’s obligations under Kyoto would cost $13.6bn (10.3bn euros; £8.7bn): “That’s $1,600 from every Canadian family - that’s the Kyoto cost to Canadians,that was the legacy of an incompetent Liberal government”. He said that despite this cost, greenhouse emissions would continue to rise as two of the world’s largest polluters - the US and China - were not covered by the Kyoto

agreement. “We believe that a new agreement that will allow us to generate jobs and economic growth represents the way forward,” he said. Beijing criticised Canada’s decision. Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Liu Weimin said it went “against the efforts of the international community and is regrettable”. Mr Kent’s announcement came just hours after a last-minute deal on climate change was agreed in Durban. Talks on a new legal deal covering all countries will begin next year and end by 2015, coming into effect by 2020, the UN climate conference decided. “The Kyoto Protocol is a dated document, it is actually considered by many as an impediment to the move forward but there was good will demonstrated in Durban, the agreement that we ended up with provides the basis for an agreement by 2015.” He said that though the text of the Durban agreement “provides a loophole for China and India”, it represents “the way forward”. Canada’s previous Liberal government signed the accord but Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s Conservative government never embraced it. Canada declared four years ago that it did not intend to meet

its existing Kyoto Protocol commitments and its annual emissions have risen by about a third since 1990.

meeting Canada’s obligations under Kyoto would cost $13.6bn (10.3bn euros; £8.7bn): “That’s $1,600 from every Canadian family - that’s the Kyoto cost to Canadians,that was the legacy of an incompetent Liberal government”.


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HEALTH

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

HEALTH

Vaccine developed against Ebola

against humans in an act of terrorism. All previously developed vaccines have relied on injecting intact, but crippled, viral particles into the body. Long-term storage tends to damage the virus, paralysing the vaccine’s effectiveness. The new vaccine contains a synthetic viral protein, which prompts the immune system to better recognise the Ebola virus, and is much more stable when stored long-term. The vaccine protects 80% of the mice injected with the deadly strain, and survives A patient being treated of Ebola disease being “dried down and frozen,” said biotechnologist cientists have developed remain viable long-term and become airborne. Sufferers a vaccine that protects can therefore be successfully experience nausea, vomiting, Charles Arntzen from Arizona State University mice against a deadly form stockpiled. internal bleeding and organ who was involved in its of the Ebola virus. The results are reported failure before they die. development. First identified in 1976, in the journal Proceedings Although few people He said the next step is to Ebola fever kills more than of National Academy of contract Ebola each year, try the vaccine on a strain 90% of the people it infects. Sciences. its effects are so swift and of Ebola that is closer to the The researchers say that this Ebola is transmitted via devastating that it is often one that infects humans. is the first Ebola vaccine to bodily fluids, and can feared that it could be used

S

Acupuncture may help cancer pain side effects: research Acupuncture may help cancer patients suffering with foot and calf pain caused by side effects of their drugs, research has suggested. A small study found patients who had acupuncture reported improvements in their pain and nerve signals increased showing some recovery, the researchers from Hamburg in Germany said. The findings were published in the journal Acupuncture in Medicine. The patients were being treated with a wide range of chemotherapy drugs known

to cause a condition called chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy which damages the nerves in the calves and feet which can lead to difficulty walking. Six people underwent ten sessions of acupuncture over three months and measurements from them were compared with five subjects who did not have acupuncture. Blood flow to the lower legs may have been boosted by the therapy, the researchers suggested, and larger trials should be conducted.

Global malaria death toll falling W e all like reports of dramatic medical and scientific breakthroughs but the reality is that most developments are incremental. As a result, important issues can get overlooked. Take malaria. Deaths from the parasitic infection - which is spread by the bites of infected mosquitoes - have been falling steadily since around 2004. Only a few years ago it was said that the disease killed one child every 30 seconds. I remember using this figure on a trip to Ghana in 2006. By 2009 the estimate was down to one child dying every 45 seconds. “It is now more likely that malaria kills a child every sixty seconds,” according to Dr Richard Cibulskis, the lead author of the World Malaria Report.

He explained some statistical factors are at work here in part the fall is due to a downward revision in overall global childhood mortality. Updates in surveillance numbers in recent years has also led to a fall in the global estimate of cases. Assessing the burden of malaria is not straightforward. Many Africa countries do not have strong disease surveillance systems so cause of death data is not always well recorded. This means that surveys and what are called ‘verbal autopsies’ - descriptions of symptoms given by parents - are sometimes used. Despite difficulties in compiling the statistics, there is a clear, and welcome, downward trend in deaths. It is estimated that malaria killed 655,000 people in 2010, compared to 800,000 in

2004. “It is remarkable progress,” said Dr Cibulskis. “When I began working in the malaria field in Africa we were fighting a losing battle. Now all that has changed and the risk of dying from malaria has fallen by a third in a decade.” The improvement is down to several factors. A total of 145 million long-lasting insecticide-treated nets were delivered to sub-Saharan Africa last year, a huge increase on 2009. Spraying the walls of homes with insecticide is another effective means of reducing malaria. Once infected, it is vital that treatment begins quickly. Rapid diagnostic tests are being increasingly used. These detect the presence of malaria parasites in the blood, often via a simple finger-prick test. The use of artemisinin-based

combination therapies has transformed the treatment of the disease in the past decade. Children who are seriously ill can make a dramatic and rapid recovery after just a couple of days of taking the drug. There continue to be worrying signs of drug resistance, first confirmed on the CambodiaThailand border in 2009 and now suspected in Burma and Vietnam. To reduce the chances of drug resistance spreading it is vital that artemisininbased treatments are giving in combination, and yet 25 countries - most in Africa - still allow the marketing of monotherapies. The WHO says most of the manufacturers are in India. There are promising indications from trials of a vaccine against malaria,

but this will be only part of the solution to tackling this preventable infection. There are concerns about the global funding of malaria control which is expected to peak at $2bn this year and fall to $1.5bn in 2015. The UK government is notable among donors in that its support is pledged to increase in the coming years. Malaria remains a major public health threat. Nine out of 10 deaths are in Africa and the vast majority are children under five. Four countries - Armenia, the United Arab Emirates, Morocco and Turkmenistan - have been certified free of malaria since 2007. But around more than three billion people in around 100 countries remain at risk. The battle against malaria has a long way to go.


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Cat becomes rich after inheriting 10 million Euros

Dog Shoots Owner. A Florida man became the second hunter in the past two weeks to be shot by his own pooch when his bulldog, Eli, discharged a rifle into his leg on Saturday. Billy E. Brown, 78, was shot once in the thigh as he drove to a deer hunting spot in Pasco County with a friend, MyFoxTampaBay reports. “[Brown’s] friend was riding next to him in the front seat, with the dog and the gun in between them,” Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission spokesman Gary Morse told ABC News. As the trio drove down a rough limestone road, Eli “got excited in the truck” and knocked against their rifle, firing off a round, another Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission told TBO. Hit just above the right knee, Brown was brought to St. Joseph’s Hospital in Tampa

DID YOU KNOW

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

where he underwent surgery. His condition is described as critical, but stable, according to TBO. Late last month, a Utah hunter was shot in the buttocks by his dog during a botched duck hunt. Doctors dislodged 27 pellets of bird shot from the 46-year-old’s body following the mishap.

Utah hunter was shot in the buttocks by his dog during a botched duck hunt.

A black cat in Italy has lived up to its reputation for good luck after inheriting 10 million euros (£8.5 million) from his adoptive owner, a widowed heiress. Four-year-old Tommaso, who was saved from a hardscrabble existence on the mean streets of Rome, Italy, as a kitten, is now the proud owner of cash, shares and a property empire which includes flats and houses in Rome and Milan and land in Calabria. Tommaso went from flea-bitten alley cat to “pussy galore” after being rescued by a lonely old lady, named only as Maria Assunta, who was married to a property tycoon but widowed at an early age. The couple had no children. She became besotted with her pet but as her health began to fail, feared for his future. So in November 2009 she wrote out a will in which she bequeathed her “entire estate” to the unknowing Tommaso. She instructed her lawyers to “identify an animal welfare association or group to which to leave the estate and the commitment of looking after Tommaso”. But none of the animal welfare associations matched up to the old lady’s exacting standards so

she instead decided to leave her fortune to Tommaso through the nurse who had cared for her in her final months, a woman named Stefania. The will came into force when the heiress died two weeks ago at the age of 94. “She had become very fond towards the nurse who assisted her,” Anna Orecchioni, one of the lawyers, told Il Messaggero newspaper. “We’re convinced that Stefania is the right person to carry out the old lady’s wishes. She loves animals just like the woman she devoted herself to right up until the end.” The nurse said she had no inkling that her charge was so rich. “I promised her that I would look after the cat when she was no longer around. She wanted to be sure that Tommaso would be loved and cuddled. But I never imagined that she had this sort of wealth. She was very discreet and quite, I knew very little of her private life. She only told me that she had suffered from loneliness a lot.” Tommaso now lives with his new owner and another cat in a house outside Rome. The address is being kept a secret, out of fears that the newly-enriched moggy will be besieged by fortune hunters and con men

World’s biggest insect is so huge it eats carrots Adventurer Mark Moffett has found the world’s biggest insect - which is so huge it can eat carrots. Former park ranger Mark, 53, discovered the giant Weta up a tree and his real life Bug’s Bunny has now been declared the largest ever found. He came across the cricketlike creature, which has a wing span of seven inches, after two days of searching on a tiny island. The creepy crawly is only found on Little Barrier Island, in New Zealand. The species were wiped off the mainland by rats accidentally introduced by Europeans. After Mark found the female weta he fed it the carrot before putting it back where he found her. Mark, 53, said: “Three of us walked the trails of this small island for two nights scanning the vegetation for a giant weta. “We spent many hours with

no luck finding any at all, before we saw her up in a tree. “The giant weta is the largest insect in the world, and this is the biggest one ever found, she weighs the equivalent to three mice. “She enjoyed the carrot so much she seemed to ignore the fact she was resting on our hands and carried on munching away. “She would have finished the carrot very quickly, but this is an extremely endangered species and we didn’t want to risk indigestion. “After she had chewed a little I took this picture and we put her right back where we found her.” Mark, from Colorado, America, added: “We bug lovers hear a lot of people who think insects are inferior in some way because of their size, so it was great to see such a big insect. “This became all the more amazing when we realized that this was the largest insect recorded.”


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SPORTS

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

Nicolas Anelka signs deals with Chelsea

Evra says Champions League exit was ‘catastro phic’ on ra v c E ove tri Pa he m t

Shanghai Shenhua signs Chelsea’s Nicolas Anelka The former Real Madrid and Arsenal striker will leave the Blues during the January transfer window to join the Chinese outfit on a two-year contract Chinese Super League club Shanghai Shenhua has announced the signing of Chelsea’s French striker Nicolas Anelka on a two-year deal. Shenhua, which had been in discussions with Anelka for over a week, confirmed on its website on Monday that the 32-year-old had agreed to join the team in January 2012. The club opted not to provide the financial details of the contract in

the statement, although it had been reported it was worth approximately 200,000 pounds ($312,920) per week. Goal.com’s Alex Labidou learned last week that Anelka and Shanghai had reached an agreement after talks with the Montreal Impact fell apart earlier this month. Speaking on Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter, Shenhua skipper Yu Tao said, “It’s impossible not to be excited by this – a warm welcome to our new teammate!” Anelka, who was also chased by English Championship outfit West

Ham, joins Shanghai after falling down the pecking order at Chelsea under coach Andre Villas-Boas. The French striker was due to come out of contract at Stamford Bridge in the European summer and had handed in a transfer request earlier this month. Shenhua, which is owned by the enigmatic Zhu Jun, finished the 2011 CSL in 11th and hasn’t won the Chinese title since 2003. The Shanghai outfit has also been in discussions with former Fulham and Bordeaux coach Jean Tigana about taking over as the club’s new boss.

Ronaldo: Barcelona dominated the Clasico The retired striker has stated that there is still a large gap between the Spanish giants, but noted the Santiago Bernabeu club can retake top spot on Saturday The Catalan giants secured the full three points despite going behind in the first minute of the game, and moved ahead of their great rivals at the Primera Division summit. Ronaldo, who played at Camp Nou between 1996 and 1997 and at Madrid from 2002 to 2007, also stated that he wants Jose Mourinho’s side to win the title, but conceded the La Liga giants are still some distance apart. “It looked to me that Barcelona completely dominated [the match],” he told Onda Cero. “There is still a very big technical difference. I hope Madrid win La

Liga and the Champions League. Barcelona are still superior in terms of quality, but Madrid can retake the lead on Saturday.” Meanwhile, the 35-year-old was noncommittal when asked about the future of Santos star

Neymar, who is represented by his company. “I do not know, he has just renewed his contract with Santos,” Ronaldo said. “I do not know.”

Brazil legend Ronaldo has insisted that Barcelona were worthy winners of Saturday’s crunch match against Real Madrid.

French defender admits the Red Devils deserved to go out, and calls for a “strong mentality” from his teammates as they look to chase Premier League leader Manchester City.Manchester United defender Patrice Evra admitted that the club’s early Champions League exit was “catastrophic”.A 2-1 loss to Basel in Switzerland consigned the Red Devils to third place in Group C and a place in the Europa League. The club has not failed to make the knockout stages of the competition since 2005. “It’s a big disappointment,” Evra told reporters. “Since I played with Monaco, I’ve never been out in the first round. It’s catastrophic and we feel very sad but we deserved to go out. It’s not about tonight but throughout the competition - we threw away qualification. We created a lot of chances tonight and they get only two chances but they win - and deserved to win. From the beginning, we never played well in the Champions League.” Evra emphasized the importance of not letting the disappointment of the departure from the competition creep into the team’s domestic form as United looks to keep up the pressure on Premier League leader Manchester City. “If you play for Manchester United, you have to be strong,” he said. “I think the gaffer knows the players will get back because they’ve got a strong mentality. “For six years, as I said, I’ve never been out in the first round so it’s a new experience for us. We have got to get back and get focused on the Premier League as that’s the target - to win the Premier League.” Evra did admit that the exit from the Champions League could make life more difficult, but he says his team put itself in the situation and will have to fight its way out. “It will be more difficult for us [with matches in the Europa League on Thursdays] but we deserved it with the way we played,” he said. “We deserve to play on Thursday and Sunday. But we are Manchester United. Today is a really bad day for everyone - the fans, staff and players. We must make sure we don’t throw the season away. “We still have things to win and must make sure we play with heart. The fans deserve something better than us throwing away the Champions League.” “It’s a big disappointment,” he told reporters. “Since I played with Monaco, I’ve never been out in the first round. It’s catastrophic and we feel very sad but we deserved to go out. It’s not about tonight but throughout the competition - we threw away qualification. “We created a lot of chances tonight and they get only two chances but they win - and deserved to win. From the beginning, we never played well in the Champions League.”


Page 31

SPORTS

ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

PROMOTE YOUR BUSINESS AND SERVICES FOR ONLY 500,000 The Gunners are expected in the west African country, which is home to many of the team’s supporters during a tour in the middle of next year

Arsenal plans preseason tour of Nigeria in July 2012 A

rsenal is expected to make a trip to Nigeria for a preseason tour next year. A delegation from the English Premier League club arrived Nigeria on Monday to inspect facilities and speak with federation officials ahead of the visit planned for July 2012. Nigeria is home to a great number of Arsenal fans and this will enable the supporters to see their

favorite stars such as Gunners captain Robin van Persie, Thomas Vermaelen, Alexandre Song and Theo Walcott. “Arsenal will tour Nigeria ahead of the 2012-13 season and will play against some selected Nigerian clubs,” FIFA match agent David Omigie told MTNFootball. com. The trip is expected to include discussions on how Nigeria will benefit from

the visit of the Gunners. Arsenal’s media department confirmed the trip to Goal. com, stating that the club had decided to consider its options for preseason activities next year. Reports suggest that managing director Angus Kinnear, club secretary Mark Ellis and head of security and logistics Paul Johnson form part of the Arsenal delegation. Musa Amadu, NFF acting

secretary general said in a statement, “This visit, I want to observe, will definitely provide a strong platform for a much better relationship between the English Premier League and the Nigeria Premier League. Incidentally, the NPL is just returning firmly to its feet after protracted crisis and will welcome tips and suggestions on how to re-position powerfully for the upcoming season.

“It is also important that I mention that some of our football clubs, particularly those in the Premier League, would welcome some form of technical partnership with Arsenal Football Club”, said Amadu. Fellow EPL teams Manchester United and Portsmouth visited the country three years ago and played against Nigeria Premier League club sides Enyimba and Kano Pillars.


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ACTIVE NATION 19th - 25th DECEMBER 2011

South Sudan Kick Boxers shine at Intercontinental fight T

he South Sudan team that travelled to Uganda to curtain raise for the intercontinental super middle weight fight between Golola Moses of Uganda and Andres Nagy of Hungary. The team led by Coach Pulo Okello left people in awe with their skills that saw them record a win and draw. However the team complained of being cheated by the Ugandan Refs who were supporting their fellow country men Assistant Coach Gabriel Wiethiang Mati said that despite the victory between James Kuol and Nasser of Uganda you could see that there was some cheating “He won because he recoreded very many points but if it wasn’t for that he would have been cheated” He further noted that due to the poor officiating, kickboxing was being turned to street fight. The team which comprised of Micheal Gatber, Ezekiel Keath and James Kuol and officials from the South Sudan Kickboxing body promised to train more and win belts for South Sudan. Rematches are slated for April next year.

The team that was led by Coach Pulo Okello registered a good fight against the Ugandan team despite the Unproffesional officiating that was displayed, This caused the title fight between Golola Moses and Andres Nagy to end without annoucing the winner.

Juba Office: 150 metres Walk from American Embassy & Zara Hotel off Minitries Road, Nabari Juba, ROSS. Email: sudan@makerere-edu.org 0955 710 805; www.activenationss.webs.com


Active Nation Vol 2, No 25 Dec 19 - 25, 2011  

Active Naiton South Sudan News

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