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VOL. 02 ISSUE. 24 ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011 SSP - 3 Ugx 2,000 - Ksh - 50 TZ 600 RWF - 400 BIF - 1500 EGP - 200

Kenya

scraps plan to host IGAD summit following Bashir’s warrantPage 4

Akuol de Mabior; A queen in the making Page 13

GOV’T PETITIONS UN OVER SUDANS ARMY PRESENCE

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The government of South Sudan has launched an official petition to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), demanding immediate withdrawal of Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) from parts of the south, a minister announced on Tuesday. Also addressed within the complaint, Nhial Deng Nhial, the foreign affairs minister said, is the call for immediate release of southern soldiers allegedly taken as prisoners as well as an appeal for Khartoum to cease all form of aggression likely to trigger a return to war. “We urge the international community to exert more pressure on the Government of Sudan and ask them to respect the sovereignty of South Sudan and its territorial integrity. That is all,” Nhial told a press conference in Juba, the South Sudan capital. While giving a chronology of the series of attacks allegedly carried out by SAF in several Contd in Page 2

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ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

LOCAL NEWS

Government petitions UN Security Council over Sudans army presence in S.S By agencies

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parts of South Sudan’s Upper Nile and Unity state, the foreign affairs minister said his government has directed its forces to expel these northern forces from its territories, but added that dialogue remains the best option. For instance, In a November 28 attack at Um-Dolwich agricultural scheme in Renk County, Upper Nile state, Nhial said four SPLA soldiers were killed, one went missing and another taken a prisoner. The southern army, he assured, has already succeeded in securing most of the territories previously invaded by their northern counterparts, citing Jaw, and area located on the north-south border, which was recently occupied by SAF. Continuous provocation from the north, he told journalists, could result into war between the two nations, after the bitterly fought a two-decade conflict halted by the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). “We will not attack president

Bashir directly, but if his forces continue invading our territories, then we will have no option since we have to protect our territories and it’s our citizens,” said the foreign affairs minister. Meanwhile, Nhial denied reports that the southern government had asked the US government declare a nofly zone over South Sudan, saying such a decision can only be mandated by the UNSC. “Am not aware of any

Nhial Deng Nhial speaking to the media in Juba request for a no-fly zone over the south and like I said before, we made a complaint to the security council and it will have to be their mandate to make such a declaration,” he said. The Kenyan Africa Review last week published statements attributed to the South Sudan foreign affairs minister saying that President Salva Kiir demanded the American administration to establish a no-fly zone along the border with the Republic of Sudan. Sudanese officials reacted to the report calling on Juba to stop its support to the Sudanese rebels in South Kordofan and Blue Nile instead of requesting US protection. The head of political sector in the ruling National Congress Party went to say that Juba admitted its defeat by the Sudanese army. The Sudan Armed Forces have captured Jau in Unity state, South Sudan last Saturday saying they took control of the headquarters of South Kordofan rebels. Khartoum also alleged that SPLA soldiers are fighting with the rebels.

Western Equatoria State Draft Girls Child Education Bill By lobuga Joseph L Western Equatoria State government has drafted the girl’s child education bill in an effort to promote women enrollment in the field of education. The Western Equatoria State minister of Education Adel Sandarai told journalists that the draft girl’s education bill is ready to be presented to the council of ministers before it is presented to state Assembly for further deliberation. He said Girls child education is a priority of the State Government as well as national Government because they makes the largest part of the population and neglecting their education will simply translate to neglect the development of this great Nation. Formulating of this bill will help to fight evils which face girls in Education adding that the bill is expected to be in function early January. Abel said the report shows that western Equatoria State has the highest number of girls school drop out, high rate of HIV infection and maternal martial rate thus many girls drop out of school because of early pregnancy. He said the draft bill stipulated that,

any person who temper with school going girl will go to prison for seven years without bail. Meanwhile for these who will are arrested for defile under aged girl will be imprisoned for 14 years without bail out as well a teacher who impregnated a school girl, his contract can be terminated and jailed. We shall not be happy to hear that you girls drop out of school because of pregnancy, the situation of girl’s education in WES will never be the same, and this has marked the beginning to end problem facing girl’s education”. Education in western Equatoria State and South Sudan as general is suffering from lack of education access, poor infrastructures and learning space, uniform curriculum, and financing, thus this needs to be addressed in all components. WES is the first state to have

proposed draft Girls Education bill across the country and it is setting light to other nine states to ensure that girls education is encourage across south Sudan. Meanwhile the Deputy Minister of General Education Rebecca Joshua up lauded the state move to have the bill put in place in order to promote gender and create competition in all aspect of society. She said time has come for women to compete and take but not to complain to be given and the State move is in line with Government policy to promote girls Education in the country. Echoing to the challenges Rebecca assured that the Government is working day and night to ensure that some of the challenges are address despite that other will still remain un solved within the expected period.


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LOCAL NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

KCA University to establish campus in Unity state The Chancellor of the KCA (Kenya College of Accountancy) University Prof. Arthur Eshiwani has announced that the university will establish its foothold in Unity state of the Republic of South Sudan. He proclaimed this yesterday during his speech at the KCA’s 3rd graduation ceremony at Ruaraka Campus graduation square. Prof. Eshiwani explained that it is through the help of Honorable Barnaba Marial Benjamin to the KCA University that compels them to think of establishing the same project in Unity state of South Sudan. Nonetheless, KCA University

which is one of the top private universities in Kenya this year graduated over one hundred students mostly from the faculties of Communications and Informatics, Business Administration and Commerce. In his ever longest speech, the minister for Information and Broadcasting who was also the guest of honor in the ceremony, appealed to the graduants who graduated under the theme ‘Harnessing ICT capacity for entrepreneurship’ to venture into the young Republic of South Sudan so as to join hands in development. “Many governance institutions, structures, policies and

positions need to be developed while the few ones existing needs improvement”, he said. On his part, the permanent secretary of Ministry of Information and Communication in the Republic of Kenya, Dr Bitange Ndemo urged the graduants to seriously pay attention to the youngest of Republic in Africa than in the western countries of Europe and America noting that Africa needs a lot. He further advised the graduants not to let their lives be shaped by others and rather to focus on what they want and build themselves. “It doesn’t matter what people may say”, he noted.

Dr Marial addressing the graduants.

WES &USAID Inaugurate Yabong Girls Boarding Secondary School By lobuga Joseph L

W

estern Equatoria State Government, Ministry of Education in collaboration with the United State Agency for International Development USAID Yesterday inaugurated the Yabongo Girls boarding secondary School. The Governor of the state of WES Joseph Bangasi Bakasoro , state minister of Education Adel Sandrai, the Deputy minister of General Education and Instruction for south Sudan Rebecca Joshua and the US Embassy south Sudan’s USAID mission Director, Kevin Mullally jointly witnessed the inauguration ceremony. The US provided the school with modern boarding equipments and donated four computers and one Toyota land cruiser to the school administration. Currently the school is accommodating 170 students from senior one to senior four and is as well expected to enroll students from all the ten states of South Sudan. The Governor said the inauguration of the school was a fruit of the peace, “these are the benefits that we are going to start enjoying as country with peace” Adding “I think this is the first boarding school built for our girls in south after the independence, this is a very big achievement for the state

and we should appreciate the American Government for its Godly support to our girls who are vulnerable to progress in their adventure in education”. The state has set its priority in promoting girls enrolment in education which is affected he male sex who force them out of school for marriage at an early age. Their only sanctuary remains being in boarding therefore he urged parents to take their girl child to school. Bakasoro again appealed to American Government to consider few projects for WES that will promote and provide quality service to the people . Despite the agriculture potentials of the state, most production takes place in rural areas, but due to poor roads farmers are not able to deliver their agricultural products to urban markets. With such a scenario, the state has taken on development of feeder roads as priority. He appealed to the American government to assist in funding small road projects that are more labour intensive as they need both the skilled and unskilled workers. This will enable the population to get jobs therefore earning money to send their children to school. He further called also upon the US Government and South Sudan National Government to

help them in building Yambio Electricity plan which was sponsored by Egyptian Government, clean water and building the institutional capacity of the state. Bakasoro assured that WES will work in partnership with the International community to ensure the safety and security of all the International staffs and their properties are protected. “We need to work in partnership to capture this great opportunity to build a modern and democratic State that will be able to respond to the needs of it people”. The US director Kevin Mullally said that Yambio

girls boarding school is constructed with a vision provide an opportunity for girls not only to complete secondary school but also to improve their overall academic population. He said education of young women is one of the most important investments any nation can make as the benefits of education” in fact the education of girl is fundamental to building a stable, democratic and economically prosperous society”. The American people have invested more than one billion US dollars on programs to stabilize communities, foster

economic and agricultural growth, and building capacity of the national, State, and local Government respond to the needs of the people. The State minister said the facility provided by the American people will marks the end of the problems of education facing WES girls. The Headmaster of the school William Faende Ngbapori expressed his happiness for the great offer given to the state by USAID as a mile stone for the people of WES. He said his administration will work very hard to ensure that the school facilities are maintained with care .

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ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

LOCAL NEWS

S. Sudan youths want 10% representation in Government Y

By Komakech Ivan

Executive members of the Bahr el Ghazal youth union addressing the media in Juba

S.Sudan receives official invitation to join the ICC The Coalition for the International Criminal Court (ICC) has calling on the Republic of South Sudan to join the world body. In a letter sent Monday to Salva Kiir, the Coalition urged the President to start the accession process to the Rome Statute, the founding treaty of the ICC. By signing the treaty and joining the ICC, South Sudan would demonstrate its commitment to the global fight against immunity from crime, according to the Coalition, a network of 2,500 civil society organizations in 150 countries advocating for improved access to justice for victims of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The ICC is the first and only permanent international court able to prosecute genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes committed anywhere in the world. One hundred and twenty countries are now signatories to the Rome Statute. Since South Sudan’s independence on July 9, the Government has ratified a number of human rights treaties, including the International Convention against Anti-personnel Mines.

outh from the Greater Bahr el Ghazal Youth Union (GBYU) have advocated for a 10% representation at all levels of South Sudan government. The current transitional constitution only provides 75% and 25% representation for men and women respectively. “We propose that the youth are included in leadership with 10 percent seats at all levels of the government,” Angok Arthur Akuien, the GBYU chairperson told journalists at a press conference held in Juba. The decision, he added, was part of the numerous resolutions derived at the end of a four-day convention held last week in Aweil, the Northern Bahr el Ghazal state capital. The youth strategy and planning conference, conducted under the theme, “united we stand” brought together about 150 youth from the states of Warrap, Lakes, Northern and Western Bahr el Ghazal. Akuien urged the country youth

to foster unity and strive towards ensuring that their activities are above partisan slogans, tribal lines and any other divisive ideologies through inclusion, constructive dialogue and respect for each other’s opinions. “We as youth shall play a positive role in promoting peace and security in our respective states, through supporting dialogue and encouraging peace building initiatives,” he said, adding that fostering strong inter-community relationships within the region and its neighboring communities will be paramount. The youth attending the convention further agitated for more government commitment in efforts to achieve the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on universal primary education, improvement in agriculture, gender equality and a peaceful resolution to the conflict in the disputed Abyei region.

Kenya scraps plan to host IGAD summit following Bashir’s warrant The Kenyan foreign minister Moses Wetangula announced that his government will not host the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) meeting that was to be dedicated for discussions on the Sudan issues. The decision comes against the backdrop of the arrest warrant issued by a Kenyan high court judge last month for Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir in compliance with similar warrant from the International Criminal Court (ICC). Bashir is charged with ten counts of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity connected to the conflict in Sudan’s western region of Darfur. Last month, Wetangula defiantly said that despite the order an IGAD summit will be held “in Kenya or elsewhere” and that Sudan delegation will be led by Bashir. But today the Kenyan top diplomat reversed course revealing that Kenya has written to IGAD to allow Ethiopia host the summit since President Meles Zenawi is the current IGAD chairman. According to Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC) Wetangula again warned of punitive measures Sudan stands ready to take over the warrant. Following the judge’s ruling, Sudan

expelled the Kenyan ambassador and recalled back its own from Nairobi. The decision was put on hold however, following a visit by Wetangula to Khartoum with a letter from his boss president Mwai Kibaki. When he returned Wetangula said that Bashir wanted to evict all Kenyans in Sudan, close airspace for planes heading to Kenya and freeze bilateral trade. This was reversed he said after his meeting with the Sudanese leader. But Sudan issued a statement shortly after the visit giving Kenya two weeks to have the decision reversed or else it will proceed with sanctions. The Kenyan government has criticized the judge’s decision saying it jeopardizes the country’s foreign relations and its mediation role in Sudan. Suggestions by Kenyan officials that they will not obey court order drew strong warning from the Chief Justice Willy Mutunga who said that such positions amounts to overthrowing the constitution. But Wetangula denied that the government ever made such statements. “This is a judgment in error. I have practiced law for over two decades and as a lawyer of longstanding, at no time did I say that we shall not obey the

Kenyan foreign minister Moses Wetangula court order. I expressed my opinion just like any other lawyer does when appealing against a court’s decision,” he said. The Kenyan attorney general has already filed a notice of appeal to the Bashir ruling, according to local media reports. Kenya is an ICC member but said that the African Union (AU) decisions ordering its members not to cooperate with the court in apprehending Bashir overrules its obligation under the Rome Statute.


ACTIVE NEWS - 20th ACTIVE NATION 12th 14th - 18thOCTOBER DECEMBER 2011

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OCTOBER

LOCAL NEWS

40 people killed in village raid By Markel Markhoi At least 40 people were killed dead and 30 injured following an attack on Monday on Akot village, Jonglei state, a local chief told the Sudan Tribune at the scene on Tuesday. The UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) said it will send a military unit to the area to deter future attacks amoungst specualtion that recent disarmament programmes carried out by the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and police in the region have made communities vulnerable to attack. Twelve children are missing, scores of huts have been raised to the ground, 1,300 cattle, 400 goats and all stores of grains either looted or burnt according to local chief Philip Bol Deng, a local chief in Akot in Bor county’s Jalle Payam (district). Deng said the raiders were from Murle ethnic group. According the residents of Akot village, 40km north of Bor, the state capital, the highly armed

force attacked the village from three directions at about 4.00pm local time on Monday. The attackers used AK-47 rifles, spears and machetes. Most of those killed are either children, women and elderly men. By the time the UNMISS force commander, Moses Obi and his team, including members of the press, arrived at the scene on Tuesday at 4.30pm local time, all victims of the raid had been buried. They surprised us and easily overran the whole area. They killed people indiscriminately,” said Deng. Upon Sudan Tribune’s arrival, most households were busy burying their loved ones. In one incident, a sub-chief lost all members of his family including his wife and three children, resident Mary Achol said. The head of the UNMISS force, Moses Obi, extended his condolences to the families in

Jalle village and pledged that UNMISS military will be deployed to the area as soon as possible. The villagers applaud the UNMISS response in light of the lack of support they have received from the South Sudanese security apparatus. “We have no protection from the government; this village is already destroyed by Murle,” said Deng. Members of parliament from the affected area visited the scene today including Dengtil Ayuen Kur from the national parliament; Kuol Bol Ayom and Alier Malet Apat both from the Jonglei State assembly; and SPLA commanders. Families were seen moving away from their homes and said they were converging at what they hoped to be more secure areas.

UNMISS team and villagers in front of the remains of Luak (Dinka Bor tradtional building), Akot, Jonglei

UNMISS team and villagers in front of the remains of Luak (Dinka Bor tradtional building), Akot, Jonglei

ICC prosecutor requests arrest warrant for Sudan’s defense minister The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno-Ocampo, has asked the court’s judges to issue a warrant of arrest for Sudan’s defense minister Abdul Rahim Mohamed Hussein. In a statement issued on Friday, Ocamp’s office said Hussein was suspected of committing “war crimes” and “crimes against humanity” in the country’s western region of Darfur. If the judges agree to Ocampo’s request, Hussien will be the fourth Sudanese official to be indicted by the Hague-based court in connection to Darfur conflict. The ICC has already issued arrest warrants for the governor of Sudan’s border state of South Kordofan and Janjaweed militia leader Ali Kushib. But the most high-profile suspect is Sudan’s president Omer AlBashir who is accused by the ICC of committing war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in Darfur. Hussein is one of the closest aides of Sudan’s president Al-Bashir and has shuttled between several powerful positions since Al-Bashir took power in an Islamist-backed military coup

Sudan’s defense minister Abdul Rahim Mohamed Hussein

in 1989. He was serving as minister of interior during the zenith of Darfur’s conflict in 2003-2004. Hussein was appointed to his current position in September 2005. The prosecutor’s statement said that Hussein and Haroun acting as his right-hand man at the time “played a central role in coordinating the crimes, including in recruiting, mobilizing, funding, arming, training

and the deployment of the Militia/ Janjaweed as part of the Government of the Sudan forces, with the knowledge that these forces would commit the crimes.” Sudan has refused to hand over any suspect to the ICC and designates the court as a Western conspiracy. The Darfur conflict erupted in 2003 after ethnic rebels took up arms against the government.

Thieves take cash, computers from Bureau of Statistics South Sudan’s Chairperson of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Isaiah Chol Aruai, said that thieves broke into eight of their offices on the weekend and made away with four computers and over USD 118, 000. Chol said the four night watchmen and one policeman were knocked unconscious with cholorform that left them unconscious. According to Chol, much damage had been caused to the Finance Office, where the thieves broke open three safes. “About SSP53, 000 we are yet to confirm and some dollars should be around USD15,000 to 17,000 in one of the offices was stolen. The office of the Deputy had another safe which is the fourth one where he kept some money of his relatives,” said Chol. “One trader who thought this place was more secure also kept USD72,000 with him. The robbers took this money and another USD30,000 belonging to another person also who entrusted him to keep the money,” Chol lamented. Chol says no arrests have been made but police investigations are ongoing to establish suspects and the actual amount stolen.


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UNMISS Says Gender based violence victims suffer in silence

The Senior Human Rights Officer in United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) says most gender-based violence victims in this country suffer in silence because of the stigma. Theodore Rectenwald was addressing a gathering to mark the 16

LOCAL NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Days of Activism Against Gender Based Violence, which is a global United Nations campaign that runs this year from November 25th to December 10th. Rectenwald could not provide figures on the scale of gender-based violence in the new

DONT MISS OUT?

nation. “I didn’t bring with me any new study released on sexual violence in South Sudan. No matter what the numbers given are, the scale is not easy to determine because of stigma and silence. Many victims choose to suffer in silence than come forward. Any report you read may only represent the tip of the iceberg,” said Rectenwald. Husbands beating their wives, denial of girl-child education, rape, forced and early marriages and wife inheritance were identified as the main forms of gender-based violence in South Sudan. The theme for the days of activism this year in South Sudan is “South Sudanese join hands to fight violence against women”.

S.Sudan lobbied to sign support for rights of disabled people

By, Lobuga Joseph L

The United Nations’ Representative of people with disabilities (PWDs), Cornelio LaduWani, has urged the government of South Sudan to sign the UN Convention on the Rights of the People with disabilities. Wani made the appeal at Juba Stadium during the celebrations of World International Day for People with Disabilities. “There is urgent need to address problems facing persons with disabilities in South Sudan” The Government of the Republic of South Sudan should sign and rectify the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Education for persons with disabilities should be included in the National Curriculum

of South Sudan. For example, brail and sign language should be introduced.” The United Nations Mission in South Sudan’s (UNMISS) Human Rights Officer, Richard Bennett, also urged the government to create a conducive atmosphere for people with disabilities to exercise their democratic rights. “One important, very large but highly vulnerable group that must not be excluded in this sphere is that of persons with disabilities” Often such individuals are prevented from exercising these rights because of discriminatory laws. “The lack of accessible voting boots and inaccessible format

such as sign language and brail prevent the exercise of one of the most important fundamental human rights to have a say in one’s own government,” Bennett said.“Individuals with disabilities should certainly be able to vote and participate in decision making at the community, local and national levels. It is the obligation of the state to ensure this is possible,” he added. The advisor in the National Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare, Peter Sukole, said his Ministry has employed 17 specialists to treat people with disabilities and 20 graduates to teach in a school for the blind being built in Rajaf, JubaCity.

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ACTIVE NEWS12th 14th- 18th OCTOBER - 20th ACTIVE NATION DECEMBER 2011OCTOBER

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EDITORIAL

Commentary

Editorial

Israel ties to South Sudan a must By Steve Paterno

Roadmap for EAC’s future unfolding The summit of the East African Community (EAC) that was held last week in Bujumbura, Burundi has revealed that there is a lot of political will by partner states to move it forward in the integration process. Reports from experts hired to look into integration issues and the recommendations from the council of ministers that provide a road map for the way forward have been largely adopted. The EAC is now moving into a very exciting phase, which is the monetary union. This will be a big test for the federation. The whole issue of the application by South Sudan to join the federation will also be a big highlight. As a country, Burundi has put its best foot forward in terms of overall and collaboration in the way it handled the entire meeting. There have been over 1,000 visitors from the AU, PanAfrican parliamentarians, SADC and other foreign observers and partners, to attend the various meetings that culminated into the summit. Burundi has received unrivaled coverage that should help clear the image of a nation that is still at war. Burundi also benefited in terms of business activities surrounding the conference. The hotel industry, the food supply chain, forex bureaus, boutiques and supermarkets, transporters etc received major boosts. However, there were clear lessons learned in the areas of infrastructure development. More accommodation and communications infrastructure should be developed through a private, public partnership process. Overall, there have been very positive moves by the media to become partners. The initiative by some media houses to air the summit live to viewers in other states was a big case in point. The Lake Tanganyika Basin Conference was highly publicised, it touches on four countries and has a huge impact on the environment, tourism, transport and development. There are also some challenges to be surmounted. These are in the areas of acquisition of land, the use of Identity cards for movement in the region, political federation and the turning of the EAC secretariat into a commission, but these are being ironed out and by the next summit the EAC will be a very different organisation. In the meantime, the EAC is going to build capacity at the secretariat, hire more staff to strengthen the coordination role. That is something that President Mwai Kibaki and Kenya who are the next chair of the Summit will have to grapple with. Plot 7 Madras Garden off Sir, Apollo Kaggwa Rd, Daily Loaf Bakery Junction, After Old Kampala Police Station 0714 / 0754 / 0703 / 0776 23 54 23 Juba Office: 150 metres Walk from American Embassy & Zara Hotel off Minitries Road, Nabari Juba, ROSS. Email: activenation@makerere-edu.org 0955 710 805, +211 955 677 996 editor@makerere-edu.org; www.makerere-edu.org, www. activenationss.webs.com www.facebook.com/activenation

Disclaimer The views experienced in these pages are not necessarily those of the publisher. The publisher does not guarantee the accuracy of the views expressed by any third party.

Benjamin Netanyahu The Khartoum’s ruling party mouthpiece, alIntabaha is reporting that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will pay a historic one day visit to South Sudan, where the Prime Minister will hold meetings with both political and military leadership of South Sudan. As a sworn enemy of the Jewish people, Khartoum is anticipating such events with great deal of suspicion. For a very long time, Khartoum has been pointing fingers against ’Zionists’ for meddling in the conflicts that the regime orchestrated and nurtured in the country. Nonetheless, the historic ties of the Jewish State to the people of South Sudan has its deep roots in the sheer struggle of the people of South Sudan, which dates back to the early 1960s. In 1960s through earlier 1970s, Israel was overtly assisting South Sudanese freedom fighters with weapons, training, and even sending in mercenaries, in order for the Southerners to resist against the onslaught of the regime in Khartoum. At the time, which was the height of Cold War, Israel presented itself as an alternative, by curving a niche of its own little influence in the continent, which was a battleground for

the Cold War warriors. Since then, Israel has diagnosed so well the regional threats and the shared strategic mutual interest it has in South Sudan and the entire East African region. The Jewish State figured out that it could not abandon the fate of the region to be ultimately determined by the two warring superpowers. Hence, Israel establishing significant and long lasting relationship with the East African region. When South Sudan gained its independence, Israel never wasted much time, but rather moved swiftly to establish a full diplomatic relationship with the newly independent state of South Sudan. Therefore, it will not be a secret that Israeli prime minister will pay a visit to South Sudan to discuss issues of mutual interest. After all, in September of this year, President Salva Kiir and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had met at the sideline of UN general assembly meeting. If anything, the Israeli-South Sudan relation needs to be enhanced, particularly at this point and time, where both countries have more in common. Israel is already considering Sudan as a gateway for weapons

smuggling—weapons which often originate from Iran through Sudan and into Egypt and finally, destined for Gaza Strip. As a proof, Israeli Air Force and commandos, managed on several occasions to intercept and destroy weapons bound for Gaza as they are being docked of Sudanese sea port. The Sudanese weapons smuggling ring clearly poses serious security risk to the state of Israel. Sudan has also over the years established itself as a fertile ground for Islamic radicalization. Many brands of the radical jihadists and terrorist outfits, including the al-Qeada, Hamas, Hizbullah, and Islamic Jihad, called Khartoum home. Khalid Mishaal, the leader of Hamas just concluded a successful official visit in Khartoum, where he was hailed by his host as a hero. Another issue of serious Israeli concern with Sudan is the country’s cozy relationship with Israel’s foe, Iran—a country that stands ready to wipe Israel off the face of the earth. Since taking power forcefully in the year 1989, the Islamic regime in Khartoum immediately made contact with Iran, flying in Iranian military trainers to model the

country’s armed forces along the dreaded Iranian Revolutionary Guards—a military built with clear aim to safeguard the Islamic system. That is why it is not surprising that Sudan is a major Arab country that forms the unholy Iranian-Arab alliance, alongside Syria, Hizbullah, Hamas and Islamic Jihad. The strength of this alliance is clearly evidenced when a delegation of this group traveled to Khartoum, led by Ali Larijani, the speaker of the Iranian parliament to express their full support for President Omar al-Bashir in wake of issuance of international arrest warrant against the Sudanese president. With the anticipations of unpredictable governments in the neighboring countries, due to the recent Arab upraising, Israel stands a better chance by strengthening the old alliance to the South. Thus far, two of the principals of East African countries of Kenya and Uganda, have respectively made separate trips into Israel, in efforts to bolster the existing relationships. Therefore, South Sudan boosting of relationship with Israel is an added bonus to the regional strategic interest.

Steve Paterno is the author of The Rev. Fr. Saturnino Lohure, A Romain Catholic Priest Turned Rebel. He can be reached at stevepaterno@yahoo.com


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AFRICAN NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Australian faces lashes for blasphemy in Saudi Arabia B

The man had travelled to Saudi Arabia for the Hajj pilgrimage

George Bush hails Africa for strides in HIV/Aids campaign

A

frican countries, including Tanzania, have been commended for achieving notable strides in reducing HIV/Aids infection rates by 25 per cent. Retired US President George W. Bush sounded the commendation when speaking during the opening of the 16th International Conference on AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) in Africa (ICASA) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on Sunday evening. He assured 10,000 participants attending the meeting of continued US partnership with Africa in battling the epidemic, as the world “cannot be free of HIV if Africa is not free from the virus which was diagnosed 30 years ago”. A press statement issued by Tanzania Media Women Association (Tamwa)said the meeting with a theme: ‘Own, Scale-up and Sustain,’ was also attended by the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi and the Executive Director of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS, Michael Sidibe. Others were President of the Society for AIDS in Africa (SAA), Robert Soudre, and an official charged with women, youths and people living with

lasphemy by judges in Saudi Arabia. Officials in Canberra said they had been in touch with the Saudi authorities to request leniency. Australian reports named the man as 45-year-old Mansor Almaribe from Shepparton in Victoria. Reports said he was chronically ill and family members said they were extremely worried about his health. “Five hundred lashes on his back, and he has back

West African states to join forces against cyber crime

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President George Bush HIV (PLHIV) in Africa, Melao Plillipus from Namibia. Bush said that the US government would continue to support African countries with life saving drugs because “there is no any other priority than saving human lives”. Zenawi said new HIV infections in African have been reduced because millions of people have access to live saving drugs sourced from outside support, saying African countries need to develop home grown prevention mechanism to sustain prevention of HIV infections. He added that African countries could embark on social mobilisation through extension workers to educate communities on

prevention measures based on communities local contests which the communities can own, scale-up and sustain with their own human and financial resources. UNAIDS executive-director Michael Sidibe said with committed leadership and creativity, African prevention programmes are working. He cited an example of Botswana which has been able to bring to zero HIV infections from mother to child. SAA president Robert Soudre said all African countries need to copy best practices on HIV/Aids that have provided a lesson that it was possible to have zero infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDSrelated deaths.

problems. I wouldn’t think he’d survive 50,” his son Mohammed told Australia’s ABC News. Almaribe had travelled to the country for a pilgrimage to Mecca. He was arrested nearly a month ago, but details of the charges against him have not been made public. Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs said the judge initially handed down a sentence of two years in jail and 500 lashes, but later reduced the jail time.

everal West African states are joining forces to fight internet criminality. The states recently held a workshop in Cotonou, Benin to brainstorm on the rising levels of cyber crime. “Cyber criminality not only smears the image and credibility of our states, but it also destroys the youth,” said Benin’s Interior minister Benoît Degla at the regional workshop. The workshop brought together security agents from Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Niger, Senegal and Togo and sought to reinforce the capacities of their units in fighting cyber crime. Cases of internet swindles have been particularly prevalent in West and Central Africa. In the case of Benin, many cyber cafés are besieged by internet browsers who catch the interest of people offering to sell all manner of things, including household appliances, animals and precious metals – all at very attractive prices. Some people lured by such offers contact the browsers who ask them to send money via electronic transfer. But once the transfer is made, the clients hear nothing again

from the other end. And the internet swindlers are continually perfecting their techniques. And since no state can track cyber criminals all by itself, French Ambassador in Benin Jean-Paul Monchau urged countries from the West and Central African region to fight the scourge by forging close police links and harmonising their laws. The French would want to see better coordination in the fight between the participating countries as well as the establishment of special units in each country, said Mr Monchau. The Cotonou event was initiated by the French Embassy in Benin in collaboration with the European-based Central Office for the Fight Against Criminality related to Information Technology (OCLCTIC). One of the issues broached at the workshop was the need for African countries to ratify the Budapest Convention, signed on November 23, 2001. So far, this convention is the only international treaty to specifically target cyber criminality. Forty-seven countries have signed the convention and 17 ratified it, but none is from Africa.


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AFRICAN NEWS

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Zambia President rejects Mugabe invite Zambian President Michael Sata has turned down an invitation to attend an annual conference of Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe’s Zanu-PF party that opens this week. Mr Sata, who met President Mugabe in the Zambian resort town of Victoria Falls at the weekend, has instead reportedly indicated that he would send representatives to the conference in the city of Bulawayo. The conference will, among other things, endorse the 87-year-old leader as the ZanuPF candidate for elections expected next year. The Zambian leader was last month the only Head of State invited to the conference. President Sata picked Mr Guy Scott, a white Zambian who was educated in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), as

his deputy after the surprise victory. He is known to be fond of President Mugabe, but his predecessors have been instrumental in the Southern African Development Community’s efforts to rein in the Zimbabwean leader. Zimbabwe’s Foreign Affairs minister Simbarashe Mumbengegwi confirmed that President Sata had turned down the invitation, but refused to discuss the meeting between the two leaders. “It was basically a bilateral exchange of views, which also happened to be the two leaders’ first meeting since Sata took over as president,” Mr Mumbengegwi told State media at the weekend. “It was a very good meeting where the leaders discussed a number of issues of mutual interest, but I cannot go into

detail.” Zanu-PF has also cancelled a proposed meeting of the secretaries general of southern African liberation movements that was scheduled to coincide with the conference. The parties that were invited included Frelimo of Mozambique, MPLA of Angola, Namibia’s Swapo, Chama Cha Mapinduzi of Tanzania and South Africa’s African National Congress. “The liberation movements communicated with us that they were busy in their respective counties and requested that we move the meeting to next year,” Zanu-PF’s secretary for administration Didymus Mutasa said Monday. About 3,000 delegates are expected at the conference, party officials said.

Michael Sata addressing a campaign rally that brought him to power. The Zambian leader has turned down an invitation to attend an annual conference of Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe’s Zanu-PF party.

Eritrea: UN Security Council toughens sanctions

Eritrea denies helping al-Shabab fighters in Somalia

The UN Security Council has toughened sanctions against Eritrea after its East African neighbours accused it of continuing to provide support to Islamist militants. The resolution requires foreign companies involved in Eritrea’s mining industry to ensure that funds from the sector are not used to destabilise the region. Thirteen council members voted for the resolution and two abstained. Eritrea denies the accusations. East African nations had called for tougher sanctions after a UN report found that Eritrea continued to support al-Shabab and other armed groups in Somalia. Early drafts of the resolution included measures like banning foreign investment in Eritrea’s

mining sector and blocking a remittance tax imposed on nationals overseas. But these were watered down because of opposition from some European states concerned they would hurt the Eritrean people, and from Russia and China, which abstained in the vote. Nevertheless Eritrea called the resolution outrageous and strongly denied the allegations against it. Officials from five East African nations addressed the council by video conference before the vote, including Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Meles Zenawi. His country fought a war with Eritrea, but he insisted this was not a “family quarrel” between the two countries. “Eritrea is a prime source of instability for the whole region,”

he said. “It’s a problem of attitude, of a certain clique in Asmara that has never grown up; it’s a problem of lawlessness and reckless disregard for international norms.” Eritrea had requested that its president be allowed to speak to the UN Security Council when the draft was first circulated. Diplomats say because of American opposition it did not get an invitation until late last week. It angrily rejected this as too late. The resolution calls on countries to exercise vigilance to prevent Eritrea from diverting funds to destabilise the region. It also condemns Asmara for allegedly planning an attack on an African Union summit held in Ethiopia earlier this year.

IMPORTANT NOTIFICATION All esteemed students of Makerere BTVET/ Makerere Biz Tech College and the General Public are hereby informed that any payment(s) relevant to College registration/course fees/ examination/course materials etc, should be made at our registration office situated at 150 Meters walk from American Embassy & Zara Hotel off Ministries Road, Nabari, Juba, South Sudan. And please don’t forget to collect the receipt in any circumstances, Makerere BTVET /Makerere Biz Tech College strongly discourages any financial dealings outside the office.

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Page 9 LIFESTYLE

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Dating is like Shopping: What kind of shopper are you?

Dating, shopping…what’s the difference? Both involve looking around for the perfect something (or someone) that will make us feel happy, special and fulfilled. We shop because we want to treat ourselves to things that feel we have earned and deserve and we date for that same reason. We all feel we deserve to find someone who will love us, admire us, respect us and make us happy. In both shopping and dating, our goal is to find pleasure and satisfaction. The kind of shopper you are can play a big role on the kind of person you will find and get involved with in your dating life. So, what kind of shopper are you socially?

Perhaps you are doing all that is right for yourself, according to what your dating goals areor perhaps your goal is to find a certain kind of person, but your shopping style is sending you in the wrong directions, resulting in you meeting the wrong people for you. Here are some of the different styles of Social Shoppers and what kind of partners they will most likely land you. Find the style that best describes the kind of shopper you are and ask yourself how it’s working for you. If it’s not working for you, then perhaps you can use this as a guide to make some changes that will help send you down the right path, so that you can meet the kind of per-

son that will match you best. Social Shopper’s: The Bargain Hunting Shopper: In the dating world, a bargain hunting shopper is one that that looks for the best deal. They are looking for someone nice to date that they can get along with, do fun things with, but are not too picky, as long as the person seems decent enough and likes them. Bargain hunters are willing to compromise a lot more than other kind of shoppers. They can look past the less than perfect looks and can let go of the idea of having to be so strongly attracted to the person physically. They are more open to going out with someone who is not usually their “type “physically, as long as they can get along and have a good time together. The approval seeking shopper is the type that takes her (or his) friend along for shopping to ask for their opinion. Their friends’ opinion is very important they take these opinions pretty seriously before making any purchases or investments. This goes for investments made in material shopping, but in relationship shopping as well. These types will introduce someone they have been dating to their

friends and then find out what their friends think. If their friends ‘feedback is positive over all, they will happily continue dating the person. However, the feedback from their friends is not so positive or just plain negative, then they will hesitate to continue dating that person, or just stop dating him or altogether. The High Maintenance Shopper Their hot, up to date socially, professionally and financially and will not settle for less than that either! This is a high maintenance shopper and they know what they want and never lose focus. High maintenance shoppers do not need approval from others, nor do they care for too much input, as they have already set their goals on what kind of person they want with what kind of qualities and will not settle until they find exactly that type of person. While this can have a negative side in the sense that they will not give many nice people with a good heart and chance, at least they feel secure about who they are and know themselves enough to choose lovers accordingly- someone whom they can truly feel well matched with. So of you have a certain shop-

ping style socially and are expecting to find someone that does not fit into this shopping method, then perhaps it is time to explore the different types of shopping styles and see what kind of results you get in return. Remember, you attract people according to the kind of presentation you display of yourself. The Approval Seeking Shopper: The approval seeking shopper is the type that takes her (or his) friend along for shopping to ask for their opinion. Their friends’ opinion is very important they take these opinions pretty seriously before making any purchases or investments. This goes for investments made in material shopping, but in relationship shopping as well. These types will introduce someone they have been dating to their friends and then find out what their friends think. If their friends ‘feedback is positive over all, they will happily continue dating the person. However, the feedback from their friends is not so positive or just plain negative, then they will hesitate to continue dating that person, or just stop dating him or altogether.

Cheating: When the Temptation to cheat comes along in a relationship. Sometimes, no matter how wonderful of a relationship you are in, there will come a time when you will face a challenge- the temptation to cheat. If you start getting thoughts and fantasies of getting involved with another person, do not start feeling guilty or like you have failed at keeping your relationship perfect. The truth, no relationship will ever be perfect, and it is imperfections that keeps a relationship on it’s toes, making you and partner continuously work as team in keeping your relationship open, happy and healthy. If the temptation to cheat has come across your path, here are some tips on how to deal with and what you can do to make the right decision: Get in touch with your desires. Before you decide that cheating on your partner is a risk

worth taking, take a quick pause and get back in touch with your desires. What is it you are looking for when these temptations come along? Or is it a temptation at all? Being in a relationship does not mean that your lust switch will turn off and you will become blind to the rest of the world. If all You will be hurt, angry, and resentful and will have a very hard time trusting your partner again. you are looking for is some fun by admiring other people’s good looks, then go ahead and do so, but keep it at that. Keep in mind that whatever lust or infatuation you will have with people’s looks, will quickly fade away and you will move on, so it would not be the best idea to risk losing a good rela-

tionship. Target the real issue. Research has shown that majority of the times, cheating takes place because the cheater feels there is something that they are not getting from their relationship, so they look for answers outside the relationship, believing that they can fulfill the emptiness from a quick fix of sexual pleasure. Look deep down inside yourself and ask yourself why you are actually considering a cheating experience. Is there something you are looking for that you are not quite getting from your relationship? If this is the case, then you need to face the reality and talk to your partner about it. There is no such thing as a quick fix or answers outside your relationship that will help you understand you or your relationship better.

Communication is key. Decide what is more important. What is more important to you? Working with your lover in improving your relationship, so it can be more loving and strong, or take a quick escape where you will feel farther away from your relationship then when you first started? Sure, the moments in which you are cheating might feel good sexually, but feeling good sexually is something you can achieve much better with your partner, because there will be real emotions, caring, understanding and love involved- which all create much better sex. Turn the situation around. A good way to help you make the right decision would be to turn the situation around. Imagine that instead of you, it is your partner with the temptation to

cheat and goes through with it? How would that make you feel? You will be hurt, angry, and resentful and will have a very hard time trusting your partner again. Your relationship will take many steps back instead of growing and moving forward, all because your partner felt he/she could come to you with their feelings and thoughts. So before you go and make that mistake and lose your trust and close relationship think about it and make a decision you know is the right one.


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ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Akuol de Mabior;

LIFESTYLE

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ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Don’t miss CPA advertising offers in Active Nation. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), also known as the Naivasha Agreement, was a set of agreements culminating in January 2005 that were signed between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan. The CPA was meant to end the Second Sudanese Civil War, develop democratic governance countrywide and share oil revenues. It further set a timetable by which Southern Sudan would have a referendum that led to independence. To celebrate the first post independence CPA celebrations in South Sudan, Active Nation will have special rates for our customers who would like to congratulate the patriotic citizens, Business Community, Non Govermental Organizations, Government of South Sudan, Ministries, As we celebrate the first post independence CPA cerebrations.

For more contact Active Nation on +256 776 78 56 50, 0955 710 805 editor@makerere-edu.org www.activenationss.webs.com

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ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

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The journey to freedom How Freedom fighter Col John Garang de Mabior reached us to Independence As we look forward to commemorate the first post independence CPA celebrations on the 9th of January 2012, Active Nation will bring you the in-depth analysis of how Dr John Garang made it possible for ROSS to gain its independence. Don’t Miss Every Monday in Active Nation.

The Hero A member of the Dinka ethnic group, Garang was born into a poor family in Buk village in the upper Nile region of Sudan. An orphan by the age of ten, he had his fees for school paid by a relative, going to schools in Wau and then Rumbek. In 1962 he joined the first Sudanese civil war, but because he was so young, the leaders encouraged him and others his age to seek an education. Because of the ongoing fighting, Garang was forced to attend his secondary education in Tanzania. After winning a scholarship, he went on to earn a B.A. in economics in 1969 from Grinnell College in Iowa, USA. He was known there for his bookishness. He was offered another scholarship to pursue graduate studies at the University of California, Berkeley, but chose to return to Tanzania and study East African agricultural economics as a Thomas J. Watson Fellow at the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM). At UDSM, he was a member of the University Students’ African Revolutionary Front. However, Garang soon decided to return to Sudan and join the rebels. There is much erroneous reporting that Garang met and befriended Yoweri Museveni, future preside nt of Uganda, at this time; while both Garang and Museveni were students at UDSM in the 1960s, they did not attend at the same time. The civil war ended with the Addis Ababa Agreement of 1972 and Garang, like many rebels, was absorbed into the Sudanese military. For eleven years, he was a career soldier and rose from the rank of captain to colonel after taking the Infantry Officers Advanced Course at Fort Benning, Georgia. During this period he took four years academic leave and received a master’s degree in agricultural economics and a PhD from Iowa State University after writing a thesis on the agricultural development of Southern Sudan. By 1983, Col. Garang was serving as senior instructor in the military academy in Wadi Sayedna 21 km from the centre of Omdurman where he instructed the cadets for more than four years. Later he was nominated to serve in the military research department at Army HQ in Khartoum. Sponsors and partners’ space

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In Memorial Page

Important Notification

In Memorial Page In-Memoriam Page

“Once the flames are gone, it seems as if our life has been smothered in a heavy coat and soot and ash, The Charred remains of our hopes and dreams are but a distant memory. What once was so beautiful and Important in our life is now gone”

Peter Aputu All the esteemed students of Makerere BTVET/ Makerere Biz Tech College/ Active Nation-South Sudan News and the Gen-

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN JONGLEI STATE GOVERNOR’S OFFICE

eral public are hereby notified that Mr. Peter Aputu whose

LETTER OF CONDOLENCE

photograph appears above is no longer an employee/repre-

This serves to inform our public that Jonglei state and the nation at large has lost,one of its beloved sons and a highly-regarded traditional leader, His Majesty Adonga Ogata, the king of Anyuak community. On behalf of the people and government of Jonglei state, I wish to convey our heart-felt condolences to the family, relatives and friends of late His Majesty the King of Anyuak community. loved depart from us, His demise When is a greatour lost not only ones to the Anyuak community butthey also toleave the people of Jonglei state in particular and south Sudan in general. His widely admired reconciliatory precious memories. Book space every week in wisdom and peace-building initiativesamong the people of Jonglei state and south Sudan will be greatly missed.The Active Nation and share your MAY ALMIGHTY GOD REST HIS SOUL IN ETERNAL PEACE….AMIN! memories with others affordable KUOLat MANYANG JUUKrates at SSP 150.

sentative of Makerere BTVET / Makerere Biz Tech College. Any business financial dealings with regard to Makerere BTVET/ Makerere Biz Tech College are done at your own risk. The Company will not be held liable for any losses, damages incurred from dealing with him.

Management.


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ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

BUSINESS

South Sudan seeks over $600 million from international banks S By Agencies

outh Sudan plans to borrow $679 million in the 2011-2012 financial years to invest in improving its road and rail networks, a senior official with the Finance Ministry revealed. According to the Sudan Tribune website ,The money will be in supplement to the $250 million loan expected from other internationals bank including International Monetary Fund, as well as the African Development bank, the official who requested to remain anonymous having not been authoritised to speak to the media told Sudan Tribune The official said the government is seeking to raise at least

$750 million in the 2012-13 periods. “This shows the level of confidence our government has in our economy,” he said. “With the oil experiencing difficulties on the way to the international markets, the government feels obliged to seek loans from friendly countries so that we can support our developmental projects”, the official adds. He pointed out that there is an urgent need for financial support from the international community so the government can implement pending projects due to funds. “There are a lot of projects which have not been implemented since when some of

A small-scale farmer tends to her onion garden.

Rwanda moves to invest in horticulture By Komakech Ivan

Rwanda has launched a six-year action plan to develop her horticulture sector Rwanda is planning to invest at least $75 million beginning next year in its horticulture sector. The move is expected to reduce its cur-

rent dependence on traditional exports of coffee, tea, minerals and tourism that currently account for about 60 per cent of total export revenue but are vulnerable to price volatility. Under the six-year action plan for the

them were identified two to three years. “There was a project to build oil refinery in Akon. There was also a plan to do the same in Bentiu, Malakal and Bor but these projects are not being implemented now, because of financial constraints. They are stuck simply because there is lack of funds and the government cannot be blamed because there are a lot of priorities”, he explained. He further added that the government of the newly born nation plans to build new roads and rail lines to mainly areas with “highest economic potential,” such as agriculture, mining and tourism, according to its five-year development plan.

Civil wars for most of Sudan’s independence have destroyed the little infrastructure that South Sudan has. The loan targeting World Bank and other public lending institutions would last for seven years, with a two-year grace period and after that a 5.2% annual interest rate, he said. South Sudan’s economy has struggled since independence, coping with the introduction of a new currency, and high inflation. Corruption has also restricted South Sudan’s ability to implement infrastructure projects.

sector, the government plans to construct a modern packing house with a capacity of 20,000 tonnes per day in Kigali at a cost of $500,000. It also plans to construct 30 collection centres at a cost of $1 million, and purchase post harvest equipment, a move that is expected to reduce post harvest losses from 40 per cent to about 10 per cent and improve the quality of export produce. “Currently we have inadequate postharvest infrastructure and facilities. Some exporters are using their sitting rooms for storage and to pack their products,” National Agriculture Export Development Board international marketing officer Jean Marie Munyaneza said. The government plans to help farmers get farm inputs, increase the area under cultivation and increase horticultural production. Emphasis will be put on increasing output of flowers, pyrethrum, macadamia and essential oil plantations. “The volumes are still too low to make it attractive for private investors. We would like to increase production and add value to the products such that at a later stage we can have a partnership (with an investor),” he said. Current production levels are low due to many farmers growing horticulture

products as an additional crop, rather than dedicating land to a single crop. High incidence of diseases and pests, lack of production skills and collection centres, and limited training in postharvest handling constrain production growth. While horticulture exports fetch about $3 million a year, the sector has the potential to generate more than $9 million by 2015 through value addition and diversification. “Exporters need incentives because they are competing for the same market with countries like Kenya, which have a developed sector,” Mr Munyaneza said. He added that airfreight costs from Kigali to international markets are high. “Incentives such as income tax exemption, supporting exporters to penetrate new markets and setting up a horticulture investment fund are needed to promote the sector.” Financial institutions, Mr Munyaneza said, see horticultural finance as an unattractive venture because of the high risk and seasonality of the products. Further, there are many small valueadded producers in the country who are unable to export due to difficulties in financing, lack of input skills and usage, and a lack of market information.

Brazil’s economic growth stalls in third quarter

B

razil saw its economic growth stall for the three months to the end of September, official figures show. Its GDP growth was zero compared with the previous quarter, said the country’s IBGE statistical bureau. The government now expects 3.5% growth in 2011, as against 7.5% last year. Brazil’s main interest rate, known as the Selic, has been cut from 12.5% to 11% since August in a bid to boost growth, but is still the highest in the G20 group of leading economies. Brazil’s central bank has had high interest rates for many years, encouraged by fears of a return to the runaway

inflation that plagued the country in the 1980s and early 1990s. “The central bank’s decision to cut interest rates early has been fully vindicated and the Selic will probably fall further - perhaps to 9.5% in the first half of next year,” said analyst David Rees of Capital Economics. “Another relevant factor was the worsening situation in the eurozone in the third quarter, which had a big impact on investments,” said Andre Perfeito, chief economist at Gradual Investments. Chinese competition Brazil’s farming sector grew by 3.2%, while its service and industrial sectors shrank by 0.3% and 0.9% respectively

compared with the previous three months, said the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The largest buyer of Brazilian foodstuffs is China, which overtook the US as Brazil’s largest trading partner in 2009. Although Brazil currently sells more to China than it imports, Brazilian manufacturers have complained that their industries are being affected by cheap mass-produced goods from the Asian giant. Earlier this year, Brazil imposed a new tariff of $4 a kilo on Chinese synthetic fibres, which are already subject to a 26% import tax.

Brazil registered zero GDP growth in the third quarter


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Page 20

INTERNATIONAL

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Protesters accuse Putin’s party of rigging votes

S

More than 400 Communist Party supporters also gathered Monday to express their indignation over the election

everal thousand protesters took to the streets Monday night and accused Prime Minister Vladimir Putin’s party of rigging this weekend’s parliamentary election in which it won the largest share of the seats. It was perhaps the biggest opposition rally in years and ended with police detaining about 300 activists. A group of several hundred marched toward the Central Elections Commission near the Kremlin, but were stopped by riot police and taken away in buses. Estimates of the number of protesters ranged from 5,000 to 10,000. They chanted “Russia without Putin” and accused his United Russia party of stealing votes. In St. Petersburg, police detained about 120 protesters. United Russia won about 50 percent of Sunday’s vote, a result that opposition politicians and election monitors said was inflated because of ballotbox stuffing and other vote fraud. It was a significant drop from the last election, when the party took 64 percent. Pragmatically, the loss of seats in the State Duma appears to mean little because two of the three other parties winning seats have been reliable supporters of government legislation. Nevertheless, it was a substantial symbolic blow to a party that had become virtually indistinguishable from the state itself. The result has also energized the opposition and poses a humbling challenge to Putin, the country’s dominant figure, in his drive to return to the presidency. Putin, who became prime minister in 2008 because of presidential term limits, will

run for a third term in March, and some opposition leaders saw the parliamentary election as a game-changer for what had been presumed to be his easy stroll back to the Kremlin. More than 400 Communist Party supporters also gathered Monday to express their indignation over the election, which some called the dirtiest in modern Russian history. The Communists finished second with about 20 percent of the vote. “Even compared to the 2007 elections, violations by the authorities and the government bodies that actually control the work of all election organizations at all levels, from local to central, were so obvious and so brazen,” said Yevgeny Dorovin, a member of the party’s central committee. Putin appeared subdued and glum even as he insisted at a Cabinet meeting Monday that the result “gives United Russia the possibility to work calmly and smoothly.” Although the sharp decline for United Russia could lead Putin and the party to try to portray the election as genuinely democratic, the wide reports of violations have undermined that attempt at spin. Boris Nemtsov, a prominent figure among Russia’s beleaguered liberal opposition, declared that the vote spelled the end of Putin’s “honeymoon” with the nation and predicted that his rule will soon “collapse like a house of cards.” “He needs to hold an honest presidential election and allow opposition candidates to register for the race, if he doesn’t want to be booed from Kamchatka to Kaliningrad,” Nemtsov said on Ekho Moskvy radio. Many Russians have come

to despise United Russia, seeing it as the engine of endemic corruption. The balloting showed voters that they have power despite what election monitors called a dishonest count. “Yesterday, it was proven by these voters that not everything was fixed, that the result really matters,” said Tiny Kox of the Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly, part of an international election observer mission. Other analysts suggested the vote was a wake-up call to Putin that he had lost touch with the country. In the early period of his presidency, Putin’s appeal came largely from his man-of-the-people image: candid, decisive and without ostentatious tastes. He seemed to lose some of the common touch, appearing in well-staged but increasingly preposterous heroic photo opportunities — hunting a whale with a crossbow, fishing while bare-chested, and purportedly discovering ancient Greek artifacts while scuba diving. And Russians grew angry at his apparent disregard — and even encouragement — of the country’s corruption and massive income gap. “People want Putin to go back to what he was in his first term — decisive, dynamic, tough on oligarchs and sensitive to the agenda formed by society,” said Sergei Markov, a prominent United Russia Duma member. The vote “was a normal reaction of the population to the worsening social situation,” former Kremlin-connected political analyst Gleb Pavlovsky was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency. Only seven parties were allowed to field candidates for

parliament this year, while the most vocal opposition groups were barred from the race. International monitors said the election administration lacked independence, most media were biased and state authorities interfered unduly at different levels. “To me, this election was like a game in which only some players are allowed to compete,” said Heidi Tagliavini, the head of the observer mission of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Of the 150 polling stations where the counting was observed, “34 were assessed to be very bad,” Tagliavini said. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said Washington has “serious concerns” about the elections. “Russian voters deserve a full investigation of all credible reports of electoral fraud and manipulation, and we hope in particular that the Russian authorities will take action” on reports that

come forward, Clinton said. Other than the Communist Party, the socialist Just Russia and the Liberal Democratic Party led by mercurial nationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky are also expected to increase their representation in the Duma; both have generally voted with United Russia, and the Communists pose only token opposition. Two liberal parties were in the running, but neither got the 7 percent of the national vote needed to win seats. Nemtsov’s People’s Freedom Party, one of the most prominent liberal parties, was denied participation for alleged violations in the required 45,000 signatures the party had submitted with its registration application. About 60 percent of Russia’s 110 million registered voters cast ballots, down from 64 percent four years ago. Social media were flooded with messages reporting violations. Many people reported seeing buses deliver groups of people to polling stations, with some of the buses carrying young men who looked like football fans, who often are associated with violent nationalism. Russia’s only independent election monitoring group, Golos, which is funded by U.S. and European grants, has come under heavy official pressure in the past week. Golos’ website was incapacitated Sunday by hackers, and its director Lilya Shibanova and her deputy had their cell phone numbers, email and social media accounts hacked.

Obama: U.S. to consider treatment of gays in foreign aid President of the United State of America Barak Obama

T

he United States will begin considering how countries treat gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender citizens when allocating foreign aid, President Obama announced today. “I am deeply concerned by the violence and discrimination targeting LGBT persons around the world,” Obama said in a memorandum. “Whether it is passing laws

that criminalize LGBT status, beating citizens simply for joining peaceful LGBT pride celebrations, or killing men, women, and children for their perceived sexual orientation.” Obama also said, “I am directing all agencies engaged abroad to ensure that U.S. diplomacy and foreign assistance promote and protect the human rights of LGBT persons.”


Page 21

INTERNATIONAL

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

French move to ban prostitution by punishing clients given that all the countries that have regulated this activity have seen an increase”, the commission has argued. In 1999, the Swedish government brought in similar legislation to criminalise the buying of sex, while decriminalising

French anti-prostitution campaigners have become increasingly vocal France’s parliament is to debate abolishing prostitution through a crackdown which would criminalise payment for sex. The National Assembly will vote on a symbolic resolution drafted by a crossparty commission which, if successful, will be followed by a bill in January. The resolution urges abolition at a time when “prostitution seems to be becoming routine in Europe”.

Some campaigners reject the bill, advocating prostitutes’ rights instead. Around 20,000 people are believed to be working as prostitutes in France. France has been committed to abolishing the practice in principle since 1960 but the MPs behind the resolution want this stance to be “proclaimed loud and strong”. The criminalisation of clients is “the best way to see prostitution reduced in France,

its sale. Under existing French laws on prostitution, summed up by French Roman Catholic newspaper La Croix • France officially aspires to abolition but the act of prostitution itself is not a crime • Prostitution is only liable for prosecution when it troubles public order • A client faces prosecution only if the prostitute is under-age or

“particularly vulnerable” because of illness etc • Pimping is punishable with a prison sentence of up to seven years, and there are some 1,000 convictions annually According to Danielle Bousquet, the Socialist MP leading the drive for abolition, the new bill envisages sixmonth prison sentences and fines of 3,000 euros (£2,580; $4,000) for clients. Guy Geoffroy, an MP from the ruling UMP party who also sits on the commission, said France’s political parties had reached a consensus on the issue because it was a matter of “republican ethics”. Nine out of 10 prostitutes were victims of trafficking, he said. “From now on prostitution is regarded from the point of view of violence against women and that has become unacceptable for everyone,” Mr Geoffroy added. ‘Marginalised’ Contributing to the pressure for abolition, a French-led men’s initiative known as

ZeroMacho has published a manifesto against prostitution, gathering some 200 signatures across EU states. ZeroMacho member JeanSebastien Mallet told French women’s website Terrafemina that it wanted to speak for “the vast majority of men hitherto silent - who do not use prostitutes”. However, France’s sex workers’ trade union, Strass, has called a rally outside parliament to oppose the proposed bill. It draws a clear distinction between consensual prostitution and sexual trafficking and fears that a reduction in clients might drive prostitutes to accept riskier transactions. A letter to MPs signed by Strass and other groups accuses politicians of treating prostitutes as “marginals whose voice does not deserve to be heard”.It calls for prostitutes to be given rights rather than penalising clients and thereby creating “more isolation and more clandestine behaviour”.

Brazil bus crash leaves 33 dead At least 33 people died and a dozen injured in a crash involving a lorry and a bus in north-east Brazil, officials said. The accident occurred early on Saturday near the town of Milagres,

in north-eastern Bahia state. An official told AFP the bus was carrying sugar-cane cutters from the central state of Mato Grosso to the north-eastern state of

Pernambuco. The crash is reported to have occurred as one vehicle passed the other. Witnesses told CBN radio that a third vehicle crashed head on with the bus which then was hit by the truck, AFP said. brazil-accident leave 33 in cold blood

WWII bomb in Germany successfully defused

seven nursing homes and a prison. It is the biggest bomb disposal operation in Germany since 1945. The smaller of the two bombs - weighing 125kg (275lb) - was dropped by US forces. Experts said it was the more dangerous of the two. Both bombs were made safe in a Stephen Evans says disposal experts “simply wrenched off the fuse” three-hour operation. Bomb disposal experts in the The bigger of the two bombs “We are relieved,” fire German city of Koblenz have weighed 1.8 tonnes and was department spokesman successfully defused two bombs dropped by the Royal Air Force Manfred Morschhaeuser told from World War II found in the between 1943 and 1945. the German news agency DPA. riverbed of the Rhine. Nearly half the city’s A smoke grenade canister found They were discovered when population - 45,000 - has at the same site was blown up in water levels fell because of a been evacuated, including the a controlled explosion. prolonged dry spell. inhabitants of two hospitals, More bombs are expected to be

discovered because of the low water levels in the Rhine. About 600 tonnes of unexploded ordnance are discovered in Germany every year, our correspondent says. Everyone living within a 2km (1.25 mile) radius of the bomb site was ordered to leave the area. Shelters with 12,000 beds were set up in schools to accommodate those with no other place to go. However, only 500 people were reported to have made use of them. Most residents went to stay with friends or relatives. A fleet of 500 emergency vehicles - including ambulances

and police - stood ready in case one of the bombs went off. Hundreds of sandbags were laid around the site of the bombs, and water pumped out from the surrounding area. Only once the bomb site was dry could work to defuse the explosives begin. Wartime bombs are frequently found in Germany - but this is believed to be one of the biggest ever. In July 2010, three people were killed in the central German town of Goettingen when a 500kg World War II bomb unearthed during the construction of a sports stadium exploded.


Page 22

TECHNOLOGY

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Is Facebook Really Worth $100 Billion?

Toyota unveils 2012 Toyota Prius v to the Market

According to the car manufacturer, the new Toyota Prius V is powered by a 1.8 liter four-cylinder double overhead cam (DOHC) 16 valve VVT-I engine which is developing 98 horsepower at 5.200 rpm and has a peak torque of 142 Nm (105 lb-ft) available at 4.000 rpm, and an 80 horsepower Facebook Mark Zuckerberg is reportedly looking to take his social networking site public in 2012. electric motor with hat’s the question world, Facebook has has been a shambles sheer amount of time 153 lb-ft of torque many people are become a truly massive of late: It recently lost spent by users on the (207 Nm), generating asking amid rising web platform and serves its second high-profile web, according to data

T

chatter that the booming social network plans to go public in 2012 and raise up to $10 billion in a deal that could value the company at more than $100 billion. If Facebook’s IPO succeeds, it would be one of the largest public offerings in U.S. history and make the seven-yearold company worth more than iconic American firms like McDonald’s, Citigroup, and Kraft Foods. It would also turn founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg into one of the richest people in the world, with an estimated net worth of roughly $20 billion. How could a company that doesn’t charge its users or make any tangible goods become one of the titans of American capitalism in less than a decade, worth $100 billion? Facebook’s phenomenal growth has been propelled by the network effect of millions of people connected to each other by the Internet, and the increasingly sophisticated practice of targeted advertising. Zuckerberg, perhaps more than any other Internet entrepreneur of the last decade, has been able to synthesize these two trends into a wildly successful business. With nearly 1 billion users around the

as the primary vehicle for an ever-increasing amount of web activity and commerce. Google remains the leader in so-called search advertising, which delivers text ads to web users based on the search terms they type into Google. But the battle is shifting to more sophisticated display ads, the bigger, more visually dynamic ads that increasingly incorporate video and sound. And in this fast-growing market, Facebook is surging, now serving nearly twice as many display ads as Google, according to eMarketer. If Facebook does go public next year, it will likely be the penultimate act in a dramatic – and at times melodramatic – series of Internet IPOs that have occurred since the beginning of 2011. Many of the recent offerings have performed poorly, despite the predictable first-day spikes as insiders cash in quickly. Discount sales website Groupon and web-radio service Pandora have both seen their stock prices fall below their initial offering prices, pouring cold water on what some had called a nascent Internet IPO boom. Early investors got rich off Groupon, of course, but the company

chief operating officer in six months and had to restate its alreadyunprofitable 2010 results down 50%. LinkedIn, a social network for professionals, remains above its IPO price, but is barely showing a profit. Facebook, by contrast, is both growing rapidly and very profitable: The company is expected to post $2 billion in profit for 2011, double the previous year. Facebook is hiring like mad, gobbling up startups, and it’s just opened a massive new data center in rural Oregon. The company’s all-important profit margin – the portion of revenues it keeps after expenses – is 50%, according to industry estimates, comparable to Google’s when it went public in 2004. By 2013, Facebook’s profit is expected to total $5 billion. Using a conservative Wall Street valuation formula for Internet companies – 20 times earnings, about the same as Google’s – Facebook’s valuation would be $100 billion. And it’s those forwardlooking and fast-growing results that investors will be betting on during the IPO. But the most convincing statistic in Facebook’s favor isn’t financial: In just the last year, it has come to dominate the

from Citigroup, handily beating Google, Yahoo, Microsoft and AOL. Skeptics argue that Facebook’s profit potential is overrated, and point out that many successful Internet companies are inevitability overtaken by new, more innovative upstarts. The key question is whether Facebook will be able to transition from a phenomenally successful startup to a mature, e-commerce giant like Google or Amazon. Is Facebook worth $100 billion? Maybe not today, but the company is trading at a $70 billion valuation on private markets, and Goldman Sachs was confident enough to organize a $1.5 billion investment earlier this year for its wealthy clients. Li Ka-shing, Asia’s richest man, is also an investor. Ultimately, Facebook, like any company, is worth what investors are willing to pay, and the effect of market psychology should not be discounted, especially when it comes to highprofile Internet stocks. If recent history is any guide, the hype – fueled by the company, its bankers, and tech pundits – may end up being more influential than any financial projection.

a total output of 134 horsepower (100 kW) and “helped” by the nickel-metal hydride 36 HP and 650V battery pack. The hybrid power train is being mated to an ECVT (electronically controlled continuously variable transmission) which enable the car to accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in 10.4 seconds, with a top speed of 103 mph.

The Japanese based automaker Toyota has recently announced some new and interesting details about its 2012 Prius v.


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Page2424 Page

ENVIRONMENT

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

World ‘heading for 3.5 C warming’: study

Current pledges for curbing carbon emissions will doom the world to global warming of 3.5 C, massively overshooting the UN target of 2 C, researchers reported at the climate talks in Durban. Output of heat-trapping carbon gases is rising so fast that governments have only four years left to avert a

massive extra bill for meeting the two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) target, they said. “The current pledges are heading towards a global emissions pathway that will take warming to 3.5 C goal (6.3 F),” according to an estimate issued by a consortium of German researchers.

The world is on a “highwarming, high-cost, high-risk pathway,” they said. The report, compiled by Climate Analytics and Ecofys, which are German firms that specialise in carbon data, was issued on the sidelines of the 194-nation UN talks in Durban. The 2 C (3.6 F) goal, initiated at the stormy Copenhagen Summit of 2009, was enshrined at last year’s conference of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) along with a less feasible target of 1.5 C (2.7 F). Accompanying these objectives is a roster of pledges by nationstates about what they intend to do to rein in their emissions. The promises mark the first time that all countries have been coaxed into declaring specific carbon-curbing

actions. But the measures are not subject to any international compliance regime and do not incur any penalties if they are not met. The report said current pledges would lead to global emissions in 2020 of 55 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) or its equivalent in 2020. This is 11 billion tonnes above the 44 billion tonnes consistent with meeting the 2 C (3.6 F) objective smoothly. As a result, costs in energy efficiency and switching to cleaner power will rise very sharply after 2020 in order to recover lost headway. Global emissions would have to fall by 3.8 percent annually from 2020 to 2050, using 2000 as the benchmark year per year. But this effort would be roughly halved, to two percent, if action to brake emissions

growth is initiated within the next three years to bring the tally back on line to 44 billion tonnes by 2020. The figures carried in the report concur with similar estimates, published last month by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). Scientists caution that 2 C (3.6 F) is no guarantee of a safe haven against climate change and consider 3.5 C (6.3 F) to be an extremely dangerous scenario.It would badly worsen droughts, flood and storms and affect sea levels, spelling famine and homelessness for tens of millions. Already, 0.8 C (1.44 F) of the 2 C (3.6 F) has occurred since the start of the Industrial Revolution, when coal -- followed by oil and gas -powered the rise to prosperity.

Heavy Beijing smog causes flight delays, cancellations A heavy fog blanketed parts of northern China on sunday, delaying flights and causing hundreds of cancellations, while smog hung in a dark haze over Beijing. As of 2 p.m 126 flights had been delayed by an hour or longer and 207 were cancelled at Beijing, the world’s secondbusiest airport, Xinhua news agency said. The Beijing sky was so dark that many drivers kept their headlights on throughout the day, giving the city an every, netherworld feeling. “Such super foggy weather looks like the end of the

world,” commented one microblogger using the name David Jiaoxiaomao. China’s national weather forecaster said the fog was likely to persist across parts of China to Wednesday, causing more transport disruptions. By then, a cold front would begin dispersing the fog, said the forecaster, according to Xinhua. Highways across the northern provinces of Shandong and Hebei were also closed. In Beijing, the fog has been made worse by pollution. Readings by the U.S. Embassy, which measures inhalable

particles of 2.5 microns, have described the pollution for days as “hazardous”. On Sunday night, the U.S. Embassy’s index topped its ceiling of 500, and it was 356 on Monday afternoon, a reading that was still considered “dangerous”. The Beijing environmental bureau, however, said the air was affected by only “light pollution” during the day. Chinese environmental officials have come under criticism in media reports and on microblogs for reporting only measurements of much larger particles in the air.

Highways across the northern provinces of Shandong and Hebei were also closed.

Global forestry loss is not as great as first feared, UN study confirms The rate of global deforestation, mainly the conversion of tropical forests to agricultural land, averaged 14.5 million hectares a year between 1990 and 2005, according to a satellite-based survey released today by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The findings of the global remote sensing survey show that the world’s total forest area in 2005 was 3.69 billion hectares, or 30 per cent of the global land area. Worldwide, the net loss of forest area between 1990

and 2005 was not as great as previously believed, since gains in forest areas are larger than previously estimated, according to the survey. The net loss — when losses of forest cover are partially offset by afforestation or natural expansion — totalled 72.9 million hectares, or 32 percent less than the previous figure of 107.4 million hectares. In other words, the planet lost an average of 4.9 million hectares of forest per year, or nearly 10 hectares of forest per minute over the 15-year period. The new data also show

that the net loss of forests accelerated, increasing from 4.1 million hectares per year between 1990 and 2000 to 6.4 million hectares between 2000 and 2005. The figures are based on the most comprehensive use yet of high-resolution satellite data to provide a sample of forests worldwide. They differ from previous findings of the FAO Global Forest Resources Assessment last year, which were based on a compilation of country reports that used a wide variety of sources.


Page 25

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

HEALTH

HEALTH

Moringa: The super

drug for all your ailments By Saba Kidone

It is easy to plant, take care and grow in almost all kinds of climate, soil and amount of water. It has many names in Various regions raging from Oleifera, Benzolive, Drumstick Tree, Kelor, Marango, Mlong Mulangay, Saijhan and Sajna. However its most common name is Moringa globally. how far you are convinced to using Moringa in your life, Lets share some of its benefit’s. MORINGA BENEFITS Moringa is a vegetable tree that is extremely nutritious and has many potential and healthy uses. The Maringa tree is believed by many to be the most giving plant in all of nature. It is loaded with nutrients, antioxidants and healthy proteins. Maringa is quite possibly the most amazing plant that anyone has ever studied. Moringa Oleifera (Moringa) is called the Tree of Life because it is one a nature’s most nutritious foods. The powder in the Maringa leaf is containing over 90 nutrients and 46 antioxidants along with all of the essential amino acids. The Moringa tree has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine in India for centuries for the treatment of many medical conditions including use as a natural antibiotic, an aid during childbirth, treating diseases of the liver and many more. Siddha medicine believes the Moringa leaves have many medicinal properties, and the Moringa tree is often called “Mother’s Best Friend” throughout Indian

culture. The Moringa seed is used to treat erectile dysfunction in men and to prolong sexual activity for women. So, the Moringa is necessary for all. Today it is possible to find the Moringa tree throughout Asia, Africa and South America. A wide variety of products are made from various parts of the plant including the leaves, seeds, roots and bark. Some of the products you may find that include Moringa Oleifera include food supplements, teas, oils, shampoos, soaps, skin care products and perfumes. Moringa is truly an Ultimate super food, and a divine gift for the nourishing and healing of man. Moringa Oleifera is the best known of the thirteen species of the genus Moringaceae. Moringa was highly valued in the ancient world. The Romans got liquids from the seeds and used it for perfume and In 19th century, plantations of Moringa in the West Indies exported the oil to Europe for perfumes and lubricants for machinery. People in the Indian sub-continent have long used Moringa pods for food. The edible leaves are eaten throughout West Africa and parts of Asia. Traditional uses: For centuries, people in many countries have used Moringa leaves as traditional medicine for common ailments. Clinical studies have begun to suggest that at least some of these claims are valid. With such great medicinal value being suggested by traditional medicine, further clinical testing is very much needed. India: Traditionally used for anemia, anxiety, asthma, blackheads, blood impurities, bronchitis, catarrh, chest congestion, cholera, conjunctivitis, cough, diarrhea, eye & ear infections, fever, glandular swelling, headaches, abnormal blood pressure, hysteria, pain in joints, pimples, psoriasis, respiratory disorders, scurvy, semen deficiency, sore throat, sprain, tuberculosis. Malaysia: Traditionally used for intestinal worms. Guatemala: Traditionally used for skin infections and sores. Puerto Rico: Traditionally used for intestinal worms. Philippines:

Traditionally used for anemia, glandular swelling and lactating. Modern uses: Over the past two decades, many reports have appeared in mainstream scientific journals describing its nutritional and medicinal properties. Its utility as a non-food product has also been extensively described. Every part of Moringa tree is said to have beneficial properties that can serve humanity. People in societies around the world have made use of these properties. It is incredible! 4times potassium of Banana, 4 times of fiber of Oats , 14 times the calcium of milk, 9 times the iron of the spinach, 2 times the vitamin a of carrot, 2 times the protein of the yogurt. Growing Moringa Tree Moringa tree can be grown indoors as well as in your own backyard. Though moringa tree can grow in any type of soil, but it prefers a neutral or somewhat acidic (slightly) well-drained and sandy soil. This tree thrives well in direct sunlight, and requires a minimum of 250 mm to 2,000mm or more rainfall annually. Mostly this tree grows in the tropical type of climate and temperature. Moringa trees generally do not require a lot of water. But in dry conditions, they have to be watered regularly, specially in the first two months. If you see that the tree is not producing much flowers or pods, make sure that you water it because these flowers and pods grow when water is sufficient. In areas where there is sufficient rainfall,Also, adding phosphorus can help in he development of the roots. Researches conducted in India have revealed that when 7.5kg of farm manure and 0.37kg of ammonium sulfate are applied to this tree, it increases pod yields. Moringa tree is pest-resistant, but in water-logged conditions, it can be hit by diplodia root rot. Mulches of mahogany chips, tephrosia and castor oil plant leaves or even Persian lilac leaves, if applied around the base of the planted seedlings, keep pests away. Another way to protect the tree from pests is to pile ash around the base of the tree. You can also spray other pesticides by consulting a local nursery.

Wi-Fi may damage your sperm and decrease men’s fertility. Attention all men: You might want to keep your laptops, smart phones and other Internet-browsing tools away from the family jewels. A new study, albeit a small one, suggests that using Wi-Fi may damage sperm and decrease a man’s fertility. The cause, according to Reuters Health, is electromagnetic radiation generated by wireless communication. In the study, published in the journal Fertility and Sterility, researchers took semen samples from 29 healthy volunteers and placed them under a Wi-Fi-enabled laptop connected to the Internet. After four hours, the semen suffered – 25 percent of the sperm were no longer swimming and 9 percent of them showed DNA damage. Semen samples kept near a laptop that was turned on but not connected to the Internet showed minimal damage, as did samples that were stored separately. “Our data suggest that the use of a laptop computer wirelessly connected to the Internet and positioned near the male reproductive organs may decrease human sperm quality,” the authors wrote in the study, noting that they were unsure if their findings extended to all wireless devices or if there were other conditions affecting sperm quality. The findings fuel anxiety for the millions of men who keep a number of Wi-Fi-enabled devices on their laps, in their pockets and in close proximity to their nether regions. According the American Urological Association, nearly one in six U.S. couples have difficulty conceiving, and about half of the time, the man’s fertility is the problem. For optimal fertility, a man should have 70 million sperm per millimeter. Some research has found that environmental factors can lower sperm counts below this level. A study published in early November indicated that the heat generated by holding a laptop on the knees was enough to raise testicle temperatures to dangerous, sperm-damaging levels, even after 10 to 15 minutes. Smoking and excessive alcohol are obvious culprits in depleting sperm, said Shanna Swan, director of the Center for Reproductive Epidemiology at the University of Rochester School of Medicine. She also told ABC News that men who are worried about their fertility might think about eating organic foods to avoid pesticides that might lead to less viable sperm. Eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise doesn’t hurt either. Some scientists say they don’t believe using a laptop will make men infertile. But just in case, maybe consider using our computer on your desk.


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ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Astonishing accident involving eight Ferraris is ‘world’s most expensive car crash’

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fleet of highperformance cars, including eight Ferraris, has been involved in one of the most expensive accidents in history after an astonishing multi-car pile-up in Japan. Police said three Mercedes Benz cars and a Lamborghini Diablo were also involved in the massive crash at the weekend on the Chugoku Expressway, in the country’s south-west. Witnesses reported hearing a “tremendous noise” just a few moments before the accident on the Yamaguchi prefecture highway amid terrible driving conditions. While the majority of the 14 vehicles – which also included a Japanese supercar Nissan GT-R Skyline and a Toyota Prius – were travelling along the Osaka Prefecture-bound bended lane at least one Mercedes CL600 was driving in the opposite direction. Television footage showed the cars - either wrecked or destroyed - spread across the highway, in a trail of crumpled metal and broken glass. Several of the vehicles were wedged up against the metal barriers. Miraculously, none of drivers – the majority of whom are reported to be foreign car enthusiasts – were seriously hurt in the wreckage but the bill is still bound to be painful nonetheless. Such was the severity of the damage, several of the luxury cars have been written off, leaving their owners with the nightmare scenario of seeing their prized possessions turned into expensive scrap metal. The total damage bill is expected to hit several million pounds. A new Ferrari 355 retails for several hundred thousand pounds. Japanese reports said the crash occurred about 10.15am (local time) on Sunday after the drivers were travelling from Hiroshima to Kyushu. It is thought the crash

DID YOU KNOW

man,stranded in snow for 3 days survived on frozen beer Clifton Vial, 52, climbed into the cab of his Toyota Tacoma on Monday night in Nome to see how far a road winding to the north would take him. More than 40 miles out of town, at about 9:30 that night, he found out. As Pink Floyd’s “Echoes” played on the stereo and temperature dipped well below zero in the darkness, Vial’s pickup plunged into a snowdrift.

and other survival gear in the 2000 Toyota, he said. But on this trip he had few supplies, no food and no water. Even his dogs, a pair of labs that usually accompany him on drives, stayed home. Vial kept busy trying to think of ways to stay warm. His wife and daughter were out of town, searchers said. No one would know he was gone until he failed to show up for work at 3:30 p.m.

Japan’s most expensive car crash ever?

Vial kept busy trying to think of ways to stay warm.

occurred when the lead driver hit a central barrier after losing control of their Ferrari while trying to overtake in wet conditions. They are then reported to have hit the central reservation before rebounding into the path of the oncoming traffic. They then caused a chain reaction of accidents over several hundred yards as other drivers went around

the bend and unable to avoid the accident. The highway was closed for more than six hours while authorities removed the wrecked cars. A 36-year-old selfemployed man, who did not want to be named, described a scene of chaos as he was driving in the opposite lane at the time of the accident. “Cars were making a

tremendous noise,” the man, from Kanzaki, Saga Prefecture, told Japanese media. Police said ten men and a woman, none of whom have been identified, were taken to hospital with minor injuries and bruising. An investigation has been launched to establish the case of the crash. No one has been yet been charged over the accident.

“I made an attempt at digging myself out and realized how badly I was stuck,” Vial told The Anchorage Daily News. He was wearing tennis shoes, jeans and a $30 jacket from Sears. “I would have been frostbit before I ever got the thing out of there.” Vial found himself alone near Salmon Lake, on a road that doubles as a snowmachine trail in the winter and stretches inland from the Bering Sea city. Far beyond the reach of his cellphone, Vial slipped into a fleece sleeping bag liner and wrapped a bath towel around his feet. He occasionally started the truck to run the heater and listen to the radio. Was anybody talking about him? Did they know he was missing? By the third day, Vial said, the truck was nearly out of gas. “I felt really pissed at myself,” Vial said. “I shouldn’t have been out there by myself unprepared for what I knew was possible.” Normally Vial carries a sleeping bag, extra gasoline

Tuesday. “He’s a very punctual employee,” said John Handeland, general manager for Nome Joint Utility System, where Vial works as an operator mechanic. “By 4 o’clock we figured something was wrong.” No one could reach Vial on the phone. Co-workers patrolling the town that night found no sign of his pickup. Handeland called police on Wednesday when Vial missed work for a second day. The Nome Volunteer Fire Department was alerted and Vial’s co-workers and volunteer rescuers drove surrounding roads in search of the Toyota. One searcher drove 41 miles along Kougarok Road -- just a few miles from where Vial sat shivering and stranded in his pickup -- but saw no tracks. The searcher turned back as daylight disappeared and the road conditions worsened, Handeland said.


Page 27

SPORTS

ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

PROMOTE YOUR BUSINESS AND SERVICES FOR ONLY 500,000

Tiger Woods ends two-year title drought T

Tiger Woods moved back up to 21st in the world after recording his first win in two years in California.

he former world number one finished birdie-birdie to see off United States compatriot Zach Johnson on the 18th to win the Chevron World Challenge. “It feels great,” said Woods whose 10 under total secured his first title since the Australian Masters in 2009. England’s Paul Casey, who was last in the 18-man field after a seven-over-par first round, ended third on five under. Casey, like Woods, hit five birdies in his closing three-under-par 69 to cap a remarkable turnaround in his weekend, while Scotland’s Martin Laird finished in a tie for sixth on one under after a 70. But it was Woods’s spectacular finish that stole the headlines. The American began the weekend ranked 52 in the world after struggling with fitness and form and the implosion of his private life, but ended it 21st. Asked to describe his

feelings after ending his lengthy title drought, the 35-year-old replied: “It feels awesome, whatever that is. “I’ve been in contention twice this year, which is not very often. I had the lead at the Masters on the back nine and had a chance at the Aussie Open, so that’s my third time with a chance to win it. I pulled it off this time.” The 14-time major winner, who began the final round one behind overnight leader Johnson, was still one behind going down the 17th but sunk a 15-foot birdie putt to draw level. Johnson then missed a birdie attempt on 18 before Woods drained a six-footer to clinch his first title since November 2009 and end a run of 26 tournaments without a victory. “It was a lot of fun coming down the stretch,” he added. “Zach put a lot of pressure on me. He turned the tide [with birdie on 16], next thing I am one down

playing the last couple of holes. Then I made two good putts.” Woods’s three-underpar round at Sherwood Country Club meant he secured the 95th tournament win of his career and his first in the United States since the BMW Championship in September 2009. Johnson, seeking his first victory since last year’s Colonial Invitational, was left to curse his form on the greens after closing with a 71. World number six Steve Stricker, the highest-ranked player at the tournament, who was second alongside Woods after a three-under-par opening round, closed with a two-over 74 to finish 16th on four over. The World Challenge event was founded by Woods and his charitable foundation in 1999 as a fundraiser. Woods, who has now won the tournament five times, lost in a play-off last year to Northern Ireland’s Graeme McDowell.

Didier Drogba is all about the money

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he Ivory Coast international believes he has already proven himself on the pitch. Now, he wants to pick up a huge check, even if it means coming to MLS. No, Drogba can still score goals but just so there is no misunderstanding he wants every club team from Russia to the United States to know that he’s in it for one thing: money. Don’t Miss Here is the brutally honest quote from Drogba’s agent Thiemo Seydi earlier this week after Camp Didier turned down Chelsea’s one-year contract offer: “At Didier’s age, he has nothing left to prove as a player. He will go where he is offered the most money.” Let’s give Seydi credit for saying what most agents and players won’t. And there’s nothing wrong with wanting a huge payoff in the twilight of a wonderful career. But if the Los Angeles Galaxy, one of the club’s supposedly interested in Drogba, are looking for a goodwill ambassador to replace David Beckham they’d better think this one through before opening the

vault. There is no denying Drogba’s brilliance as a player and if he signed with the Galaxy he’d rival Thierry Henry as the top striker in Major League Soccer. But will Drogba be fully committed to making an impact on the field as opposed to just his bank account? Beckham also came with a hefty price tag and early on and you wondered if his heart was really in it. That all changed this past season and right through the Galaxy’s run to the MLS Cup. Beckham proved he can still play, win and draw fans. Drogba is a huge international name but he does not have the crossover appeal like Beckham. Very few do. But Drogba does have plenty of cache, having spent the prime years of his career with Chelsea and appearing in two World Cups with Ivory Coast. In theory, the addition of Drogba with Robbie Keane and Landon Donovan would make the league’s most popular team the favorite to repeat. And MLS should be searching for “name” players who still have three to five years of quality soccer left in them. For now, getting major international stars

at the tail end of their respective careers is the most logical way for MLS teams to augment their mostly anonymous rosters. But that is not a fail-proof formula. For Exhibit A we present you Lothar Matthäus with the MetroStars and for Exhibit B Rafa Marquez with New York Red Bulls. The former was essentially on a New York vacation while the latter plays as if he’s been sentenced to hard time at San Quentin State Prison. Drogba is no longer a regular in Chelsea’s starting XI but he’s very much a top-flight striker. Why else would Chelsea offer him a contract extension and why would AC Milan try to acquire him via a loan? “We know what we want, where we want to go and what offers we have,” Seydi said. “AC Milan came in for Didier on loan with an option to buy but I said ‘No’ straight away. Their offer did not interest us.”Everything about it makes a lot of sense for MLS and the Galaxy, especially with Beckham likely to sign with a French team. But just remember one thing: Didier isn’t coming for cents. He wants dollars. Lots of them.

Didier Drogba comes with a buyer beware label and it’s got nothing to do with the fact that the world-class striker is on the wrong side of 33 years old.


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ACTIVE NATION 12th - 18th DECEMBER 2011

Arsene Wenger says Barcelona and Real Madrid are likely to win Champions League

T Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger has dubbed Real Madrid and Barcelona as super favorites” to win the Champions League.

he Gunners boss believes his side have ability to win Champions League but says his team are underdogs at the minute compared to the two teams at the top of La Liga The Frenchman does believe his Gunners side has the ability to win the trophy themselves but knows his team is no more than an outsider at the moment. The current European champion Barcelona is three points behind Jose Mourinho’s Real Madrid in La Liga, with the capital side also having a game in hand. “At the moment I would say in Europe there are two super favorites – Barcelona and

Real Madrid,” Wenger told his club’s official website. “Behind them, everyone else can hope to win it and we will try to win.” Arsenal, meanwhile, has already qualified from the Champions League group stage, and faces Olympiakos in the final game on Tuesday night. “At the moment we are not one of the favorites but one advantage we have is that we have finished top of our group,” Wenger continued. “From now it becomes a cup competition. The Champions League becomes different when you go in the last 16, it is more open. You need a bit of luck in the draw and you need to have your players available in the two games.”

Juba Office: 150 metres Walk from American Embassy & Zara Hotel off Minitries Road, Nabari Juba, ROSS. Email: sudan@makerere-edu.org 0955 710 805; www.activenationss.webs.com

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