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ADDA Advanced Design & Digital Architecture Mhd Ziwar Al Nouri Barcelona 2012.2013


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Universidad PompeuFabra | ELISAVA | Barcelona

Mhd Ziwar Al Nouri M.Arch, Master in Advanced Design and Digital Architecture - Elisava - Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Team members the first workshop (BioLab) Ibrahim , Maya ,Ignacio Team members the second workshop (BioLab) Marilena,Vineet Team members (CodLab) Ibrahim, Tarek

Program Director: Jordi Truco- Director ADDA

Arch.ESTAB, M.Arch Emtech AA

Professors: Pau de Sola Morales- Professor Arch.ESTAB, Phdw. Harvard

Marcel Bilurbina- Professor

Arch.ESTAB, Master Arts Digitals Pombeu Fabra

Fernando Gorka de Lecea- Professor

Arch.ESTAB, Master Advance Design and Digital Architecture

Marco Verde - Professor

M.Arch Architecture Biodigital ,Esarq UIC

Book layout and cover design Mhd Ziwar Al Nouri


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0


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Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

Table of Contents

Bio Design Laboratory 01. Course Introduction 02. Case Study “Multihalle Mannheim” 03. Essay “Animal Architecture and L-System” 04. Integral Envelopes 2.0 05. Per formative Proliferation 06. Component Definition 07. Algorithmic Proliferation 08. Prototype 09. Grid Shell 10. System Explorations 11. Acting Forces 12. Prototype 13. Geometry Of Natural Patterns 2.0 14. Lichtenberg Figures 15. System Interrelations 16. System Capacity 17. System Performance 18. Architectonic Application 19. Fabrication Process

11 13 31 35 37 39 51 61 69 71 79 121 131 133 135 143 167 177 197

Computational Design Laboratory 01. Course Introduction 02. Data Collection and Site Study 03. Operative Strategy 04. Intelligent Patterns 05. Prototype 06. Architecture Response 07. My Vision

211 213 221 227 235 247 254


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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

Bio Design Laboratory

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Universidad PompeuFabra | ELISAVA | Barcelona


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Introduction

01_

There is growing interest in finding guidelines in living systems to help us understand new forms of designing. On occasion, this interest makes the mistake of wishing to imbue designs with a veneer of new organic ways, imitating natural forms, perhaps unconsciously aided by the incredible digital modelling resources we are increasingly able to master. This could not be further from our intentions at the BioDesign laboratory (ADDA). We focus our interest on observing how biological organisms achieve complex emergent structures from simple components. The structures and forms generated by natural systems are analysed and understood as hierarchical organisations of very simple components (from the smallest to the largest), in which the properties arising in an emergent manner are rather more than the sum of the parts. In our constantly developing society, with its demanding market, the use of new production technologies in fields such as engineering is becoming more frequent, and research is conducted to create state-of-the-art materials, such as composites, which open up new possibilities of use and performance, and contain the logic of living materials. In the field of architecture, even more rightly, we are forced to regain this sensitivity in observation and research, and learn the lesson of nature on the act of formalising and metabolising. Our objective is to learn and explore this knowledge to then transfer it and apply it to the design process of architecture and spaces. In this research process, we work by experimenting and learning from the material, applying the various techniques of form finding, such as folding, weaving, catenaries, minimal nets, minimal surfaces, tree structures, and others. This new approach to the creation of form through knowledge of material, and of its “intelligent� behaviour, complemented by the use of parametric software and advanced modelling, will enable us to produce designs that are not only totally innovative in material, form and behaviour, but also able to adapt to their environment. In short, we will learn that the limit between natural and artificial (or man-made) has been reconsidered from the perspective of biomimetic engineering. Jordi Truco(1) (1) Jordi Truco, Director of ADDA , Arch.ESTAB, M.Arch Emtech AA


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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Case Study


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

Case Study

02_

“Multihalle Mannheim”

Frei Otto Mannheim Multihalle, constructed in Mannheim (Germany) in 1975, for be part of the RuralCity exhibition held in Mannheim the same year. A wide-spanned structure loaded by compression designed by Frei Otto using physical models, is the roof of the multi-purpose hall “Multihalle” for the Federal Garden Exhibition in Mannheim in 1975. One of the most important facts about the Multihalle (and the reason why Oriol chose it) is the generation process of the pavilion, based on a Gridshell. Otto developed a Gridshell form finding process that involved hundreds of scale models of Gridshells. He developed a catalog with several forms and shapes that the Gridshells can generate when hanged. Just like Gaudi, Otto worked on scale models to see the behavior of the grid he was working on. The studies he did where about form and shape but also involved architectural basic needs, as space and light.

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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Case Study

Location: Mannheim -Germany Type:

Part of the RuralCity exhibition

Team:

Mutschler & Partners Architects, Frei Otto

Duration: 1975 in the same year


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

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Frei Otto

Descreption

A German architect and a structural engineer, born on the 31st of May 1925. Otto studied architecture at the Berlin Institute of Technology and during the Second World War, he joined the air force. With an aviation engineer training and the need of housing during that time, Otto started to work with tents. In 1954, Otto Earned a doctorate in tension construction on lightweight tensile and membrane structure and emerged as a leading figure in the field of light weight structures and form finding. In the 1950s he used models to define and test complex tensile shapes. As the scale of his projects increased, he pioneered a computerbased procedure for determining their shape and behavior. He often created pavilions composed of primary membrane elements in an additive series. He also developed a convertible roof with variable geometries. Since the early 70`s, Otto has studied and explored biological structures and researched extensively into the catenaries and grid shell structures. His major works include the West German Pavilion at the Montreal Expo in 1967 and the roof of the 1972 Munich Olympic Arena, inspired by the work of Vladimir Shukhovs.

Mannheim Multihalle was constructed in Mannheim, Germany for the Federal Garden Exhibition in 1975, to be part of the Rural City exhibition held in Mannheim that year. A wide-spanned structure interlocking in a grid geometry loaded by compression was proposed by Frei Otto using physical models. An interesting feature of the Multihalle is the unobstructed open space in relation to the widely spanned roof. This is due to the construction process of the pavilion, which was based on the methodology of a Grid shell structure that allowed for a maximum use of the space as it depends on edge compression forces The structure consisted of two shells with a curved, “organic� configuration on the ground level and connected by a covered passageway. The grid was made out of a double wooden laths mesh of (5x5 cm), covered by a polyester membrane; covering an area of 7400 m2 with maximum spans of up to 60m in height. The weight is an approximate of 14 kg perm2. The building was proposed to exisit as a temporary structure and therefore did not meet the normal load - bearing and building standards. However, its standing till today and recently has been declared as a monumental building.


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GridShell The lattice shell describes a double curved surface formed from a lattice of timber laths bolted together at uniform spacing in two directions (grid). When in flat position the lattice has a degree of freedom. If it is formed out of joint which are frictionless, movement of the parallel laths would provoke all squares to become similar parallelograms. Lines distributed between the nodes as the diagonals, would have different lenghts also. This is the property that allows the lattice to be formed into a double-curved shape of the shell.

Important thing is to understand that the load distribution in a gridshell has controled paths, directions insted of a regular shell where the number of the directions of load distribution is unlimited. When the lattice has been curved into a desired shape of the shell, it is fixed only by it’s connections to the boundaries. The funicular shape is modified by the effect of bending of the laths and with no loadsapplied so it would be such that the strain energy is minimized. In this condition the lattice shell resist points loads by bending of the laths. This is accompanied by large movements of the shell and changes in the angles between the laths. So diagonal stiffness has to be introduced


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

The loads on a shell can be divided into funicular loads which produce only direct forces in the laths, and disturbing loads which produce bending moments and large deflections. Deflections change the shape of the shell. As the funicular loads increase, the stiffness and the resistance to disturbing loads decreases.At a critical funicular load there is no resistance to disturbing loads so a small deflection from the funicular shape causes collapse.

FORMFINDING PROCESS Otto experimented with many methods of form finding but had an interest in catenaries and Grid-shell structures. His form finding process involved hundreds of scaled models. He developed a catalog with several forms and shapes that a Gridshell can take when hanged as a catenary. Just like Gaudi, Otto used scaled models in order to define the behavior of the found forms. Otto`s models had a rigid elevated perimeter from which he hanged the Grids he fabricated. After creating the right curvature depending on gravity forces and material behaviour, Otto would flip the model and hang onto the structure joints small loads that would represent actual and real weight of the materials proposed to build the structure and the membranes.

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The studies that Otto`s did where mainly about form and shape, but also involved architectural basic needs, as space function and natural lighting. In the project of Multihalle Mannheim the preliminary design was determined through different type of models, which were developed during a period of a year that higlited a lot of issues regarding materials and structural behavior. The final proposed structure was presented using a hanging chain-net model. The hanging shape can be influenced in the model by specifying the edge and the length of the suspended chain net, and when this shape is inverted the result is a surface structure which is in compression under dead load. This was a work of Multiscler & Partners and the Atelier Warmbronn. The calculations outdrawn from the scaled model were considered only roughly.


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

The wire model was measured as precisely as possible which helped to find the basis for calculating the scale of the final structure. We have to consider the fact that at that time, computers were neither advanced nor accessible as they are today, so all of the calculations were done by manually. Any form (curved or leveled) can be created with a net surface, but with an equal-meshed net only if it is quadrangular, rectangular or hexagonal.

Variability is possible because the individual meshes can change their angles. Because of these deformations in the process, it was necessary to lay out certain parts of the net so that some assumed a quadrangular form but most become rhombic forms as shown in the picture in the lower right corner. However, this procedure does not provide the possibility to determine the beforehand mesh angle, which will develop later in the spatial state. Before starting to tie the net, a decision had to be made of in which direction the net was to be laid.

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THE CALCULATION PROCEDURE Once the process of collecting the data was over, the actual and more precise calculations of the suspended nets could start. The input for the programming system included: • the instructions for the lying the knots • the coordinates of all the edge points as fixed points • the approximate coordinates of all inner knots with the possibility of maintaining the best possible model geometry by weighting these coordinates • the estimated value of the force-lenght relationship (force densities) of the rod elements • the attempted regulation force density values with weighting in order • to influence the forces


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

Structural Details The construction of Multihalle Mannheim project was not easy. The whole structure is made of 34.000 joints that connect 72km of laths. By realising or creating more tension on the joints it is possible to control the shape but also allow it to take it’s most natural form. Bolts passe through four layers wood, two of the layers has holes normal round, and other two holes slotted. The latter allow movement between the layers relative during assembly while allowing the bolt turning on the node.

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Boundary Details The external boundaries originally intended by professor Otto Frei were supported on columns using cable boundaries. Problem that engineers found was the fact that the remainder of the cables were badly conditioned because spans varied widely along a run of cables as did the load conditions. In some areas the gridshell twisted around the system line by as much as 10 20 degrees. At this point it was decided that this type of boundary control is impractical in some parts, and where the conditions were fulfilled this cable boundaries were used for example in part of the restaurant shell boundary.


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

Assemply Process The Gridshell was assembled on the ground and very carefully it was put it in place. Due its dimensions, this process was quite long and a lot of scaffolding was needed. The other important fact about its size was the stiffness of the entire structure; Otto’s team designed it composed by hundreds of small triangular cells to give the whole structure the strength needed. Obviously there were parts that needed and extra structural reinforcement. It was built by extending the laths on the ground, connecting them to a square mesh but not yet blocking the bolts. The mesh was then slowly pushed up with the help of scaffolding towers lifted by forklift trucks.

The synclastic double curvature of the initially plain mesh could be obtained by bending the laths and by turning the connections between them, transforming the square mesh to a rhomboid mesh. Once the final position of the grid was reached, the bolts were blocked and the boundaries were fixed. For satisfactory buckling safety, a diagonal cable-net was introduced, and finally the structure was covered with a membrane.

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Assemply Process

Conclusion

The lattice was assembled on temporary supports( towers) above the ground which were later removed once the joints were fixed. The original idea of laying out the rods horizontally and then lifting the whole net with the help of several cranes and then bring it into it’s final form and screw it together was given up. The structure which in became more complex during the time by introducing another layer, knots that had to carefully prestressed, addition of sliding connectors and diagonal cables elimination of greater deviations of the form did not allow the process to develop as they predicted. The engineers were also charged with the planning, calculation, and supervision of the assembly procedures.

More economic form of construction for spans with simpler boundaries. Not only is a such structure easy to erect but it enables almost any planes to be simply covered. All lightweight grid shells are capable of spanning wide areas. Mannheim shell is of wide span, in a manifold sense. The formal variability is possible because the individual meshes can change their angles. That is why it was possible to spread the quadrangular net of the dome-curve shell on an area. In the Mannheim was necessary to lay out certain parts of the net so that some assumed a quadrangular form but most become rhombic forms.


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

Conclusion During the Structure Calculations the break-free course of the “rods”, especially in the edge regions was an essential criterion. Where breaks did occur, they were eliminated by automatically displacing the edge point or by intentionally changing the lengths of the rods. The shape of the shell was established by photogrammetric measurement of a hanging chain model and is funicular. A continuous shell made from an isotropic sheet material has equal properties in all directions Diagonal stiffness can be introduced in various ways. By making the joints rigid so that shear forces are carried by bending moments around the element ring.

The lattice shell system can be thought of a construction technique which is related to the form finding process of using hanging chain nets. The structure stiffness was added whit double layer shells, is added by tightening the node bolts so that the two layers act compositely and by i]nstalling the ties. The adjusting of the grid in its final position was made before the edges and knot points were fixed by bracing from the below with “airsupports”, to eliminate sagging of the grid between the scaffolding towers.

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Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

Animal Architecture

03_

On 13th Nov, Architect Ferran Vizoso(1) gave a lecture presenting “Animal Architecture�, focused on the relation between the animal architecture, and human architecture, and how it influenced on our design in the real world. Ferran divided the lecture into four parts to explain the mechanism of action of animal architecture. The first one is Construction which described how the building of the animal is very biological in terms of precision, relative size, and functional performance, and often surpasses the human building; in addition animal structures are also impressively beautiful. The second part of the lecture is the survival through most of animals builds to protect those using natural resources which are very economical and limited resources. Vizoso gave some examples like Ants which built their houses from mountains of sand.

(1) Ferran Vizoso, Professor in Architecture

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Third part of lecture was about the Efficiency which was divided into ten strategies of the efficient design, Ferran gave nice examples with the images for each strategies: 1. Reuse” for example the bird which collect plastic from the ground to used and to build its home” 2. Recycle “ex: how the spider produces its silk from the protein whish inside his body “ 3. Use 0 kg of material. 4. Solve through geometry, like the bee which makes its house as hexagon geometry. 5. Adapt: with the conditions of environment (ventilation, drainage, temperature, structure),”for example in the Ant’s houses there are a little open halls for light and to control temperature”. 6. Innovate. 7. Specialize or not. 8. Save energy. 9. How most animal build their homes of the same size as their own, like Chrysalis. 10. The last strategy is Copy, is about how the animal make copy paste of the shape in natural. The fourth and final part of the lecture was subject a compare between Animal architecture, and human architecture, some of these items; two models of efficiency, not planned architectures, and beyond the object, and that was the conclusion of the lectures, and how Ferran was finished it. In my opinion the Animal instinct is similar to the Human instinct in construction, survival, and efficiency. And I think the researches and studying of animal architecture has not been serious study up tell now, however an analysis of animal building behavior rivals an amazing complex architectural principles, and refined structures, in terms of function, form, and beauty which arises from functional, and structural logic, and perhaps we have to take that’s logic to rethink our design in future, because the marvels of Animal Architecture give us a sense of perfection.


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The Algorithmic beauty of plants The Algorithmic Beauty of Plants (1) is a book by Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz (2) and Aristid Lindenmayer (3). It’s notable as it is the first comprehensive volume on the computer simulation of plant development (L-systems). This book explain the mathematical models of developmental processes and structures of plants, and illustrates them using state-of-the-art computer-generated images. Plant models which grow, interact with the environment, produce flowers and fruits, and finally die, have an immense intuitive appeal of “bringing life into a computer.” In front of a graphics monitor it is easy to forget the underlying mathematical formulae and simply look at plants growing, self-replicating, responding to external factors, even mutating. Without compromising the mathematical rigor of presentation the authors have tried to preserve this “touch of magic” accompanying in their research. The following areas receive particular attention: methods for the modeling and rendering of plants which are suitable for realistic image synthesis; the scientific potential of computer graphics in the visualization of biological structures and processes; the relationship between control mechanisms employed by li- ing plants and the resulting complex developmental sequences and structures; and the relationship between developmental processes, self-similarity and fractals.

(1) The Algorithmic Beauty of Plants, is a book by Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz and Aristid Lindenmayer. It’s notable as it is the first comprehensive volume on the computer simulation of certain pat-

terns in nature found in plant development. (2) Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz, (Born 1952) is a Polish computer scientist who advanced the idea that Fibonacci numbers in nature can be in part understood as the expression of certain algebraic constraints on free groups, specifically as certain Lindenmayer grammars. (3) Aristid Lindenmayer, (Born November 17, 1925) was a Hungarian biologist. In 1968 he developed a type of formal languages that is today called L-systems or Lindenmayer Systems. Using those systems Lindenmayer modelled the behaviour of cells of plants.


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The formalism of L-systems are adopted as the primary mathematical vehicle used to express developmental processes. The notion of L-systems was conceived in 1968 by Aristid Lindenmayer as a formal model of plant development. Its exceptional elegance was promptly recognized by mathematicians, who soon developed a comprehensive theory of L-systems. However, only recently has computer graphics revealed the full potential of L-systems applied to plant modeling. Although the focus is on the original results of joint research led by the authors, a survey of alternative methods for plant modeling is also included. And I was focused on the chapter one which consists the definition of L-system, and the parametric of L-system, and the kind of L-System. An L-system or Lindenmayer system is a parallel rewriting system, namely a variant of a formal grammar, most famously used to model the growth processes of plant development, but also able to model the morphology of a variety of organisms.[1] An L-system consists of an alphabet of symbols that can be used to make strings, a collection of production rules which expand each symbol into some larger string of symbols, an initial “axiom� string from which to begin construction, and a mechanism for translating the generated strings into geometric structures.


Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

Types of L-system: • Prouhet-Thue-Morse system Well-known L-systems on a plane R2 are: • Space-filling curves (Hilbert curve, Peano’s curves, Dekking’s church, kolams) • Median space-filling curves (Lévy C curve, Harter-Heighway dragon curve, Davis-Knuth terdragon) • Tiling’s (sphinx tiling, Penrose tiling) • Trees, plants, and the like. In conclusion L-systems are very powerful design tool. The scope of its power is best understood when one considers the extreme reduction of inputs on one side and the breadth and complexity of output on the other. The explanation for this contrast lies in the fact inputs can incorporate processes enables very flexible and open-ended generative procedures which can be applied to a large variety of themes regardless of scale. In my opinion L-systems thus enable architects to go beyond the empirical possibilities of the past and to directly and systematically appropriate the logic found in nature for their architectural design objectives.

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Integral Envelopes 2.0

04_

In the search for technical design using little mass and energy, the form or shape is of prime importance. For a given material a design can only be optimized on the basis of a given form. The task is to find a form which, for certain conditions, is the optimum among an infinitely large number. Our study of the forms of such designs has led us to look more closely at the self-building forms. Such forms are virtually created automatically in processes which follow physical laws. In this way we can use liquids , which always form a minimum surface , for different processes of form genesis. By the experimental use of liquids one can, for instance , find minimum distances (i.e. the shortest connecting line of an infinitely large number of points within a plane), minimum surface (surfaces having the minimum surface area), or Pneus having equal membrane stresses. Suspended forms consisting of ductile single-or two -dimensional objects , chains or chain networks, are also self-building forms. Frequently self-building forms are created under complex conditions: e.g. the complex forms of the Pneus are the result of the interaction of membrane stresses ,internal and external pressure. Viscous substances create typical forms under similarly complex conditions. With some forms containing the typical balanced figures such as minimum networks in space, the form principles and possible formation processes are still largely unknown to us. Certain formation processes result in definite groups of forms. Each of these groups of forms has typical characteristics in spite of innumerable variations. The similarities between such self-building forms and the forms found in living nature indicate that abiotic formation processes are an essential factor in the formation of living objects.(Experimental methods of form genesis, IL 28, (1984))


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Performative Proliferation

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Frei Otto coined the term� Selbstbildung�, the process of self-forming that underlines most of his experiments on membranes, shells and other systems. This refers to the generation of a system’s particular shape as the self-found equilibrium state of the forces acting upon it and its internal resistances determined by its material properties. In other words the designer defines a number of critical parameters and material system settles into the equilibrium state by itself taking on its specific shape in the process. This design method of form-finding, as Frei Otto called it, is profoundly different from the still prevalent form definition.

Achim Menges(1)

(1) Achim Menges, Material systems , computational morphogensis and performative capacity.


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Component Definition

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We started working by physical experiments and learning from forms and materials.

In the workshop process first of all we understood the material behavior, such as Minimal Surfaces ,Pneus ,Catenaries, Grid shells, Minimal Nets. After that we started with Cardboard, change the material and make some designs of connections. This is evolution and attempts we made to get the final component. To start a series of experiments. The workshop promotes especially the search for articulated geometries in three dimensions to explore the structural and spatial qualities. Materials of experimentation: Paperboard, cutter, rule, Plastic board.


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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0

Common Strategy The Component

1. Cut

2. Bend

3. Join Parts

0.01 The common strategy of the component.


FIRST FIRSTTRIALS TRIALS: PAPERBOARD : PAPERBOARD

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Component Definition

1st Step:

1st Step:

2nd Step:

2nd Step:

Decide the shape and size

Do the cuts on the paper

Decide the shape and size

Do the cuts on the paper

3rd Step:

Over Lapping

3rd Step:

Over Lapping

0.02 First Trial used paperboard.


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0.03 First try/outs of materials and forms. We started with Cardboard, change the material and make some designs of connections. This is evolution and attempts we made to get the final component.


Component Definition

0.04 First Trial used paperboard.

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OTYPE ENOTYPE 44

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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0

GENOTYPE

0.05 The common strategy of the component.


ENOTYPE GENOTYPE Component Definition

RIATIONS VARIATIONS

0.06 First Trial used plastic board.

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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0

TYPE GENOTYPE NG PHENOTYPES

GENOTYPE

EXPLORING PHENOTYPES

EXPLORING PHENOTYPES

TRIAL 3

TRIAL 4

EXPLORING PHENOTYPES TRIAL 4

EXPLORING PHENOTYPES

RIAL 1

EXPLORING PHENOTYPES EXPLORING PHENOTYPESTRIAL 3 EXPLORING PHENOTYPE TRIAL 2

0.07 Several attempts of many forms with plastic material

TRIAL 4


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Component Definition

TRIALS OF JOINING

EXPLORING PHENOTYPES TRIALS OF JOINING

EXPLORING PHENOTYPES TRIALS OF JOINING

EXPLORING PHENOTYPES TRIALS OF JOINING

0.08 Several attempts of connection form


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GenoType Generation

GENOTYPE GENERATION

Open Edges

OPEN EDGES

0.09 The Genotype of Connections.

Closed Edges

CLOSED EDGES


Component Definition

0.10 The final component comes from the evolution and many attempts.

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Algorithmic Proliferation

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We Focused on the rule based on the proliferation of the developed component. This proliferated component system should provide all relevant information for manufacturing and assembly, so that the construction of a large prototype can begin. It is necessary in this phase the elaboration of catalogues of diversity of connections, this will help on understand and control the capacities of the system to create spatial articulation, and diversity om form. This relevant information will be carefully registered for its further utilization to build the component in parametric software. Rules of proliferation based on the developed component.


B2 to C6 FAMILY 1 FAMILY 1 C2 to D6

4 4 4 2

6 6 6 6 4

A2 to B6 B3 to C7 52 S1 S2 D1Advanced to E4 Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0 B2 to C6 C3 to D7 E1 to F2 C2 to D6 D2 to E6 Family 1: D3 to E7 D2 to E6 A1 to B4 E2 to F4 E2 to A2 to B6 E3 to F5 A1F4 to B1B4 to C4 B2 to C6 B1 to C1C4 to D4 C2 to D6 C1 to D1D4 to E4 A2E4to B6 D2 to E6 D1 to E1 to F2 B2F2to C6 E2 to F4 E1 to A4 to B8 C2 to D6 A3 to B7Top View D2 to E6 B4 to C8 B3 to C7 A3 to B7 E2 to F4 C4 to D8 C3 to D7 B3 to C7 A2 to B6 D3 to E7 D4 to E8 A2 to B6 C3 to D7 B2 to C6 E3 to F5 A3 to B7 E4 to F7 B2 to C2C6 to D6 D3 to E7 B3 to C7 C2 to D2D6 to E6 C3 to D7 E3 to F5 D2 to E2E6 to F4 D3 to E7 A3 to B7 E2B8 toSide F4View A4 to E3 to F5 B3 to C7 1.1. B4 to C8 C3 to D7 C4 to D8 D3 to E7 D4 to E8 E3 toA4 F5to B8 E4 to F7A3 to B7 A4 to B8 B4 to C8 B4 to C8 A3 to B7 B3 to C7 C4 to D8 C4 to D8 B3 to C7 C3 to D7 TO D7 D4 to E8 D4 to E8 C3 to D3 to E7 A4 to B8 E4 to F7 Front View D3 to E7 E3 to F5 E4 to F7 B4 to C8 E3 to F5 C4 to D8 1.2. TO D4 to E8 E4 toB8 F7 A4 to

JOINING 1 TO 1

A3 to B7 B3 to C7 C3 to D7 D3 to E7 E3 to F5

A4 to B8 B4 to C8 C4 to D8 D4 to E8 E4 to F7

1.1.

JOINING 1 TO 1

1.2. 1.1.

A4 to B8 B4 to C8 C4 to D8 D4 to E8 E4 to F7

JOINING 1 TO 1

7 NING 1 7 7 7 5

1.1. 1.3. 1.2.

1.2.

1

JOINING 1 JOINING 1 TO 1 A4 to B4B8 to C8 B4 to C4C8 to D8 TO C4 to D8 D4 to E8 D4 to E4E8 to F7

JOINING 1

8

E3 to F5

1

1.2.

1.1. 1.3.

1 0.11 . Different view and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of Family 1.

1.4. 1.3.


A1 to 1 B1 to A5 C1 to B4 D1 to C4 A1 to 1 E1 to D4 B1 to A5 F1 to E4 C1 to B4 D1 to C4 E1 to D4 F1 to E4 A1 to 1 B1 to A6 C1 to B6 D1 to C6 A1totoD6 1 E1 B1totoE6A6 F1 C1 to B6 D1 to C6 E1 to D6 F1 to E6TO

A1 to Algorithmic Proliferation

1 B1 to A4 Family 2: C1 to B4 A1 toto 1C4 A1 to 1 D1 1 to 1 B1E1 toto A4 D4 B1 to A4 1 to A4 C1F1 toto B4 E4 C1 to B4

1 to B4 1 to C4 1 to D4 1 to E4

1 to 1 1 to A5 1 to B4 1 to C4 1 to D4 1 to E4

1 to 1 1 to A6 1 to B6 1 to C6 1 to D6 1 to E6

D1to toC4 C4 D1 E1to toD4 D4 E1 F1to toE4 E4 F1

Top View

A1 to 1 B1 to A5 C1 to B4 D1 to C4 A1E1 toto A1 to 11D4 B1F1 totoA5 A5 E4 B1 to

C1to toB4 B4 C1 D1to toC4 C4 D1 Side View E1to toD4 D4 E1 A1totoE4 1 F1 F1B1 to to E4A6

JOINING 1

F1 to E4

A1 to 1 B1 to A6 C1 to B6 D1 to C6 E1 to D6 F1 to E6

53

2.1.

2.2.

2

JOINING 1 TO 1 2.1.

1 2.1.

2.3.

2.2.

JOINING 1 TO 1

C1 to B6 D1 to C6 E1 to D6 A1F1 toto A1 to 11E6

2

B1to toA6 A6 B1 C1to toB6 B6 C1 Front View D1 to C6 JOINING D1 to C61 TO 1 E1to toD6 D6 E1 F1to toE6 E6 F1

JOINING11TO TO11 JOINING NG 1 TO 1

2.1. 2.3.

2.2.

0.12 . Different view and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of Family 2.

2.2.


1.2

JOINING 5 TO 1

3.1.2

3.1.2

3.1.2

minimum

3.1.3

3.1.2

3.1.2

3.1.1

3.3.1 minimum

3.1.2 3.1.3 3.1.1

3.1.3

3.3

3.1.3

3.1.3 3.1.2 3.1.1 0.13. Different view and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of Family 3.

3.1.3

3.1.3

3.1.1

3.3.2

FAMILY 3.3

3.1.1

3.1.1

3.1.3

3.1.2

3.1.3

3.1.2

maximum

3.1.3 3.1.1

3.1.1 3.1.3

3.1.1

3.1.2

3.1.1

3.1.2 3.1.2

3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3

minimum

minimum

3.1.2

FAMILY 3.1

3.1.2

minimum

3.1.2

3.1.2 3.1.3

3.1.2

3.1.3

3.1.1

3.1.1

.1

3.1.2

3.1.1

3.1.3

Side View

FAMILY 3.1

3.1.2

3.1.3

3.1.13.1.1

3.1.1

minimum

3.3. 1.1 1.1

Family 3:

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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0

Top View

3.1.1

min

3.1

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FAMILY 3.1

3

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FAMILY 3.FAMILY 1 3.1

.3

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3.


3.2.2

3.2.3

3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3

3.2.3

0.14 . Different view and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of Family 4.

3.2.1

3.2.1 3.2.1 3.2.1

3.2.2

3.2.3

3.2.2

maximum

JOINING 4 TO 2

3.2.2

maxim

3.2.1

3.2.2

JOINING 3 TO 3

3.2.1

JOINING 4 TO 2

3.2.1

3.2.3

minimum

3.2.3

minimum

3.2.3

JOINING 4 3.2.2 3.2.3

3.2.3

3.2.3

3.2.2

3.2.2

maximum

maximum

3.2.2

maximum

FAMILY 3.2 3.2.3

3.2.1

3.2.1

maximum

3.2.2

3.2.2

3.2.3

3.2.1

maximum

3.2.2

3.2.1

3.2.2

3.2.1

3.2.2

3.2.1

3.2.3.2.1 1

3.2.2

3.2.1

3.2.2

3.2.3

3.2.3

3.2.3

FAMILY 3.2

Top View

3.2.1

2.2

Side View

FAMILY 3.2

3.3. 2.1 2.1

Family 4:

.2

3.2.2

FAMILY 3.FAMILY 2 3.2

Algorithmic Proliferation

3.2.1 55

minimum


CONNECTION TYPES

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Connection Diagram:

Top View

ONNECTION YPES

Side View

VARIATION 1 VARIATION 3

CONNECTION TYPES VARIATION 4 VARIATION 2

VARIATION 3

0.15 . Side view renders and drwings of diditaly generated prolifrations in various phases of changing in height.

VARIATION 5


TYPES

57

Algorithmic Proliferation

Connection Diagram:

Top View

VARIATION 3

NNECTION PES VARIATION 4 VARIATION 3 Side View

CONNECTION TYPES VARIATION 5 Joining families VARIATION 4 through gradation

VARIATION 3

0.16. Side view renders and drwings of diditaly generated prolifrations in various phases of changing in height.

VARIATION 5


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CTION

0.17 Side view of Prototype with all the type of the connections


Algorithmic Proliferation

ECTION

0.18 Top view of Prototype with all the type of the connections

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08_

Prototype

The evolution and development of the prototypes were made in the Workshop of Hybrid Prototype, We used the software Plastic Board and the screws to make the final Prototype.


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0.19 Plan view of final prototype


Prototype

0.20 Perspective view of final prototype

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0.21 Perspective view of final prototype


Prototype

0.22 Perspective view of final prototype

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Prototype

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Master in Advanced Design & Digital Architecture

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GRID SHELLS

09_

A gridshell is a structure which derives its strength from its double curvature (in the same way that a fabric structure derives strength from double curvature), but is constructed of a grid or lattice. The grid can be made of any material, but is most often wood or steel. Shell structures are three -dimensional surfaces that resist loads through its geometric organization. The three dimensional shape provides the necessary rigidity. The Grid-Shells can be studied through the suspension of a network of wires between an rigid edge in which the shape net has to be adapted. F. Otto studied these structures through the suspension of a net of knotted articulated square pattern. As a result of the suspension, the system acts in a pure tension, and its mirror image to compression. The particularity of the Grid-Shells is that the structure is assembled on the floor as a flat two-dimensional mesh, and only during the construction process that is pushed into its final form. The final shape is obtained by applying forces on the edges of the mesh to obtain,through the adaptation of the mesh and the self-organization of the equilibrium loads the final shape. In Grid Shells the study of the boundary conditions is especially important.


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System Explorations

10_

We started working by physical experiments and learning from forms and materials. In the workshop process first of all we understood the material behavior, such as Minimal Surfaces ,Pneus ,Catenaries, Grid shells, Minimal Nets. After that we make a benchmark to start a series of experiments. The use of the benchmark allows the systematic development of the experiments, provides a control tool for understanding the principles that lead the process of self-organizing materials, geometric analysis allows for further experiments with digital media development. The workshop promotes especially the search for articulated geometries in three dimensions to explore the structural and spatial qualities. Materials of experimentation: benchmark, wire mesh, metal springs, cables, cylindrical aluminum profiles, wooden profiles of bamboo, glass fiber profiles.


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System Explorations

1.01 Top,and side view of benchmark of first attempt with controlled tension.

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1.02 Top,and side view of benchmark of second attempt with controlled tension.


System Explorations

1.03 Top,and side view of benchmark of third attempt with controlled tension.

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System Explorations

First attempt

Second attempt

Third attempt

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Acting Forces

11_

Shell structures are three-dimensional surfaces that resist loads through its geometric organization. The three-dimensional shape provides the necessary rigidity. The Grid-Shells can be studied through the suspension of a network of wires between an rigid edge in which the shape net has to be adapted. As a result of the suspension, the system acts in a pure tension, and its mirror image to compression. The particularity of the Grid-Shells is that the structure is assembled on the floor as a flat two-dimensional mesh, and only during the construction process that is pushed into its final form. The final shape is obtained by applying forces on the edges of the mesh to obtain (Geometry configuration, Global forces, and local forces) ,through the adaptation of the mesh and the self-organization of the equilibrium loads the final shape. In Grid Shells the study of the boundary conditions is especially important.


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Plan view First Axe

Front view

Second Axe

First Axe

Second Axe

Prespective view

Second Axe

First Axe

1.04 Different view of benchmark of first attempt

Grid Geometrical Configration Exploring the Grid structure through the emergence of a simple structural form.Starting with a 3 points arrx and ending up with a complex grid.


Acting Forces | Grid Geometrical Configration

First Axe

Second Axe

1.05 Different view of benchmark of first attempt

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1.06 Different view of benchmark of second attempt


Acting Forces | Grid Geometrical Configration

1.07 diffrent view of benchmark third attempt

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1.08 Different view of benchmark of forth attempt


Acting Forces | Grid Geometrical Configration

85


Family 1

Acting Forces | Global Forces | Aligned Horizontal Pressure

Family 2

Acting Forces | Global Forces | Angeled Horizontal Pressure

Family 3 Acting Forces | Global Forces | Middle Point-Horizontal Pressure

Family 4 Acting Forces | Global Forces | Vertical Pressure


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Family 1 Top View

Front View

Side View

Prespective

1.10 Apply The Presure On The Grid


Acting Forces | Global Forces | Aligned Horizontal Pressure

89 Top View

Front View

Side View

Prespective

1.11 Apply The Presure On The Grid Family 1


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Front View

Side View

Prespective

1.09 Apply The Aligned Horizontal Pressure On The Grid of Family 1

Family 1


Acting Forces | Global Forces | Aligned Horizontal Pressure

91

Front View

Side View

Prespective

1.10 Apply The Aligned Horizontal Pressure On The Grid of Family 1


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Family 2 Top View

Front View

Side View

Prespective


Acting Forces | Global Forces | Angeled Horizontal Pressure

93

Front View

Side View

Prespective

1.11 Apply The Angeled Horizontal Pressure On The Grid of Family 2


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Family 3 Top View

Front View

Side View

Prespective


Acting Forces | Global Forces | Middle Point-Horizontal Pressure

95

Front View

Side View

Prespective

1.12 Apply The Middle-Point Horizontal Pressure On The Grid of Family 3


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Family 4 Top View

Front View

Side View

Prespective


Acting Forces | Global Forces | Vertical Pressure

97

Front View

Side View

Prespective

1.13 Apply The Vertical Pressure On The Grid of Family 4


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Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints-Curviture Control

1.14 The 4 Families combining together

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Family 1

Family 2

Family 3

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81 57

Family4

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101

Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints-Curviture Control

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60

60 52

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48


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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0 Top View

Front View

Side View

Side View

1.16 lateral joint diagram


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Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints Diagrams Top View

Front View

Side View

Side View

1.17 lateral joint diagram


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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Integral Envelopes 2.0 Top View

Front View

Side View

1.18 lateral joint diagram


105

Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints Diagrams Top View

Front View

Side View

1.19 lateral joint diagram


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1.20 lateral joint digram 1 of Family 1


Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints Diagrams

1.21 lateral joint digram 2

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1.22 lateral joint digram 1


Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints Diagrams

1.23 lateral joint digram 2

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1.24 lateral joint digram 3


Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints Diagrams

1.25 lateral joint digram 4

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1.26 lateral joint digram 5


Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints Diagrams

1.27 lateral joint digram 6

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1.28 lateral joint digram 7


Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints Diagrams

1.29 lateral joint digram 8

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1.30 lateral joint digram 9


Acting Forces | Local Forces | Lateral Joints Diagrams

1.31 lateral joint digram 10

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1.32 Grasshopper Schematic For A Proliferation Of Components


Acting Forces | Grasshopper Simulation

1.33 Close-up Of The Grasshopper Schematic

119


e e]

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Prototype

12_

Shell structures are three-dimensional surfaces that resist loads through its geometric organization. The three-dimensional shape provides the necessary rigidity. The Grid-Shells can be studied through the suspension of a network of wires between an rigid edge in which the shape net has to be adapted. As a result of the suspension, the system acts in a pure tension, and its mirror image to compression. The particularity of the Grid-Shells is that the structure is assembled on the floor as a flat two-dimensional mesh, and only during the construction process that is pushed into its final form. The final shape is obtained by applying forces on the edges of the mesh to obtain (Geometry configuration, Global forces, and local forces) ,through the adaptation of the mesh and the self-organization of the equilibrium loads the final shape. In Grid Shells the study of the boundary conditions is especially important.


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1.34 Fabrication Processing


Prototype

1.35 Side View In Phase 1

1.36 Side View In Phase 2

1.37 Side View In Phase 3

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1.38 Side View In Phase 4

1.39 Side View In Phase 5

1.40 Side View In Phase 6


Prototype

1.41 Side View In Phase 7

1.42 Side View In Phase 8

1.43 Side View In Phase 9

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126

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1.44 Side View In Phase 10

1.45 Side View In Phase 11


Prototype

1.46 Side View In Phase 12

127


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1.47 Combining Some Of The Documented Curveturs In A Single Grid Surface


Prototype

1.48 Combining Some Of The Documented Curveturs In A Single Grid Surface

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131

Geometry Of Natural Patterns 2.0

13_

During the second workshop the participating students are asked to challenge the artificial distinction between skin and structure through the development of an envelope system that integrates structural and Environmental performances. In this context it is necessary to think of an envelope not as a threshold dividing inside and outside, but as a filter that mediates between macro-environmental conditions and micro-environmental provisions. Following biological examples without-and this important-the attempt to mimic nature but to instrumentalise natural strategies the concern of the workshop is to derive a performance envelope that modulates structural and environmental aspectsfor example through differential degrees of permeability and load -bearing capacity embedded into one system that is structure and skin at the same time. This exploration towards structure as a per formative skin and skin as a differentiated structure is divided into four days of work with groups consisting of two or three students.(Course syllabus page 15).


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14_

Lichtbenrg Figures

A Lichtbenrg Figures are branching electric discharges that sometimes appear on the surface or the interior of insulating materials. Lichtenberg figures are often associated with the progressive deterioration of high voltage components and equipment. The study of planar Lichtenberg figures along insulating surfaces and 3D electrical trees within insulating materials often provides engineers with valuable insights for improving the long-term reliability of high voltage equipment. Lichtenberg figures are now known to occur on or within solids, liquids, and gases during electrical breakdown. Lichtenberg figures are named after the German physicist Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, who originally discovered and studied them. When they were first discovered, it was thought that their characteristic shapes might help to reveal the nature of positive and negative electric “fluids�. In 1777, Lichtenberg built a large electrophorus to generate high voltage static electricity through induction. After discharging a high voltage point to the surface of an insulator, he recorded the resulting radial patterns by sprinkling various powdered materials onto the surface. By then pressing blank sheets of paper onto these patterns, Lichtenberg was able to transfer and record these images, thereby discovering the basic principle of modern xerography. This discovery was also the forerunner of the modern day science of plasma physics. Although Lichtenberg only studied two-dimensional (2D) figures, modern high voltage researchers study 2D and 3D figures (electrical trees) on, and within, insulating materials. Lichtenberg figures are now known to be examples of fractals.


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15_

System Interrelations

The starting point of the workshop experiment is the investigation of a biological situation in which the distinction between structure and skin is dissolved. This example will allow extracting and formulating specific relations between the structural logics, geometric principles and per formative aspects of the investigated system that will then be described as parametric variables and operative growth rules of the system to be explored. Branching tree like patterns that are created by high voltage discharges passing along the surface, or inside of electrical insulators.


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2.01 Lichtenberg figures are fractals ELISAVA Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

tals: The branching patterns of Lichtenberg, look similar at various scales of magnification. This “self-similarity” strongly suggests that Lichtenberg figures might be mathematically described through a branch of mathematics called Fractal Geometry. Fractal objects do not have integral (2D or 3D) dimensions, but instead have fractional dimensions. So the branches become thiner and hairlike, ultimately disappearing.

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina

Bio.De.Lab

The branching patterns of lichtenberg, look similar at various scales of magnification. This “self-similarity” strongly suggests that Lichtenberg figures might be mathematically described through a branch of mathematics called fractal geomatry. Fractal objects do not have integral (2D or 3D) dimensions, but instead have fractional dimesions.So the branches become thinee and hairlike, ultimately disappearing.


1. SYSTEM INTERRELATIONS_lichtenberg 1. SYSTEM INTERRELATIONS_lichtenberg figures figures

System Interrelations

137

“Lichtenberg Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Georg Christoph German Lichtenberg, physicist German (1742-1799) physicist (1742-1799)

figures” “Lichtenbe are branching, tree-like branching, patterns that are created terns by high that voltage discharges voltage passing d along the surface, or along inside the of, electrical insulators. of, electr

Poperties: Poperties: -They may be created -They within may billionths of a second billionths (nanoseconds) when dielectrics noseconds) are subjected to very are high subjec electrical stress, electrical or they may develop over a period may develo of many years through a many progresyears sive series of small, sive lowserie energy. energy. - The diameter of a -positive The diam figure is about 2.8 times figurethe is a diameter of an equal-voltage diameter o negative figure. negative f

Positive Lichtenberg Positive figure Lichtenberg Negative figureLichtenberg Negative figure Lichtenberg figure 2.02 Positive Lichtenberg figure

2.03 Negative Lichtenberg figure

“Lichtenberg figures” are branching, tree-like patterns that are created by high voltage discharges passing along the surface, or inside of, electrical insulators. Properties: -They may be created within billionths of a second (nanoseconds) when dielectrics are subjected to very high electrical stress, or hey may develop over a period of many years through a progressive series of small, low energy.

marilena christodoulou_vineet marilena matai_ziwar christodoulou_vineet al nouri matai_ziwar al nouri ELISAVA ELISAVA Bio.De.Lab tutors: jordi truco_marcel tutors: bilurbina jordi truco_marcel bilurbina B - The diameter of a positive figure is about 2.8 times the diameter of an equal-voltage negative figure. Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona


138 S1

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mensio its to may f gers. self-s self-s “the s far”.

Advanced Design | BioDesign | Geomatry Of Natural Patterns 2.0

Recurs It is ing it way.

Self-similarity: The branches become finer and hairlike, ultimately disappearing like the following sequence of zooms Fractility: A fractal is a mathematical set that has a fractical dimension that usually exceedsits topological dimesion and may fall betwwen the integers. Fractals are typically self - similar patterns, where self - similar patterns , where self similar means they are “ the same from near as from far”. Recursion: It is the process of repeating items in a self-similar way.

ELISAVA

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al n tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilur


System Interrelations

Lindemayer System Theory

139

1. SYSTEM INTERRELATIONS_Lindenmayer system Aristid Lindenmayer system: A mathematical theory of plant development

L-Systems were conceived as a mathematical theory of plant development.At first glance an L-System appears to encode how the final form of a plant grows from a seed suggesting emergence. Nature typicall, uses a more compact representation a genotype to encode for a much more complex machine phenotype,does not directly encode the phenotype, but instead it encodes information for growing or deveping,a phenotype. what is relevant to the concept of emergence is the use or iteration and interactive feedback between succesive generations of growth. As with biological cell growth, the form and qualities of each new generation is determined by its relationship with the previous generation. Recursion: It is the process of repeating items in a self-similar way.

ELISAVA

Escola Superior de DiseĂąo e IngenierĂ­a de Barcelona

marilena christodoulou_v tutors: jo


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Lindemayer System_ Example

Lindemayer’s original L-System for modeling the growth of algae. Variables : A B Constants: None Start : A Rules: (A --> AB ) , (B ---> A) Start (axiom / initiator)

Lindenmayer’s original L-system for mod variables: A B constants: none start: A rules: (A -> AB), (B -> A)

N=0:

n=0:

N=1:

n=1:

N=2:

n=2:

The initial single A spawned into AB by rule (A --> AB) , rule ( B --> A) couldn’t applied.

N=3:

Former string AB with all rules applied, A spawned into AB again, former B turned into A

N=4:

Note all A’s producing a copy of themselves in the first place, then a B., which turns into an A one generation later, starting to spawn/ repeat/ recurs then.

n=3: n=4:

A A A B A B A

start (ax

B

the initi rule (B -

A

former str again, for

A B

note all place, th

A B A A B A BA

... into repeat/rec


141


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143

16_

System Capacity

Having established the parametric variables of the material system on the 1st day, an allometric growth process will be developed that enables the proliferation of the systemic relations into a complex, differentiated envelope. This can be thought of either as an iterative process resulting in different system species or as a larger overall system with differentiated sub-locations. In both cases the objective is to strategize the capacity of the system to regulate the transmittance of air or energy across the system and to distribute the vectors of load along the system. The processes of modeling the system can either be digital or physical.


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on a Surface 2. L-System SYSTEMMapping CAPACITY_L-system mapping on a Surface: Variables:

Variables: 1st string: A, F, 2nd string: B, A, 3rd string: C, B, 4th string: D, C, Rules of growth: A --> AFA, F --> AC -->5th AFAACAFAAFACAFAACAFA string: E, D, B --> BAB, A --> BD --> BABBDBABBABDBABBDBAB C --> CBC, B --> CE -->6th CBCCECBCCBCECBCCECBC string: F, E, D --> DCD, C --> DF --> DCDDFDCDDCDFDCDDFDCD 1st string: A, F, C 2nd string: B, A, D 3rd string: C, B, E 4th string: D, C, F 5th string: E, D, A 6th string: F, E, B

E --> EDE, D --> EA --> F --> FEF, E --> FB -->

C D E F A B

EDEEAEDEEDEAEDEEAEDE FEFFBFEFFEFBFEFFBFEF

N=0:

N=1:

A A

F

A

N=2:

A F A A C A F A

N=3:

A FAA CA FA A FA C A FAA CA FA

Proce 1. De for t

value for the x,y,z, coordinates to each letter: A B C D E F

-> -> -> -> -> ->

X

+2 -2 -6 -4 +6 +4

Y

-1 +1 +3 +2 -3 -2

Rules: A B C D E F

Z

+4 -4 -12 -8 +12 +8

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AFA, BAB, CBC, DCD, EDE, FEF,

2.04 Process of L-system mapping on a surface.

F A B C D E

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AC BD CE DF EA FB

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AFAACAFAAFACAFAACAFA BABBDBABBABDBABBDBAB CBCCECBCCBCECBCCECBC DCDDFDCDDCDFDCDDFDCD EDEEAEDEEDEAEDEEAEDE FEFFBFEFFEFBFEFFBFEF

2. De growt


145

System Capacity | L-System Mapping on Surface

2. 2. SYSTEM SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system CAPACITY_L-system mapping mapping on on aa Surface: Surface:

4. 4. Map Map the the lette lett Surface Surface accordin accordi Rule Rule

2.05 Map the letters on a surface according to a rule.

5. Shift Shift the the x, x, 5. coordinates acco acc coordinates to the the value value ass as to each letter. letter. each

2.06 Shift the x, y, z, coordinates according to the value assign to each letter. ELISAVA ELISAVA Escola EscolaSuperior SuperiordedeDiseño Diseño e eIngeniería IngenieríadedeBarcelona Barcelona

marilena marilenachristodoulou_vineet christodoulou_vineetmatai_ziwar matai_ziwaralalnouri nouri tutors: tutors:jordi jorditruco_marcel truco_marcelbilurbina bilurbina

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2. 2. SYSTEM SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system CAPACITY_L-system mapping mapping on on a a Surface: Surface:

Side view of one Surface, applying applying all all the the rules. rules.

Side ofapplying one allSurface, 2.07 Side view ofview one surface, the rules.

Side Side view view of of two two Surfaces, Surfaces, applying applying different different values values to to the the coordinates. coordinates. 2.08 Side view of two surfaces, applying different values to the coordinates.

ELISAVA

Escola Superior Escola Superior e Ingeniería de e Ingeniería de

de Diseño de Diseño Barcelona Barcelona

marilena marilena christodoulou_vineet christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar matai_ziwar al al nouri nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina

Bio.De.Lab


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2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping on a Surface:

ELISAVA 2.09 Prespective view of two surfaces, applying different values to the coordinates. Escola Superior de DiseĂąo e IngenierĂ­a de Barcelona

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2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system code set on a component: L-System Code Set On a Component: Variables:

A

1st string: A, F, C 2nd string: B, A, D 3rd string: C, B, E 4th string: D, C, F 5th string: E, D, A 6th string: F, E, B

B

A

B

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AFA, F BAB, A CBC, B DCD, C EDE, D FEF, E

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AC BD CE DF EA FB

--> --> --> --> --> -->

A

AFAACAFAAFACAFAACAFA BABBDBABBABDBABBDBAB CBCCECBCCBCECBCCECBC DCDDFDCDDCDFDCDDFDCD EDEEAEDEEDEAEDEEAEDE FEFFBFEFFEFBFEFFBFEF

C

D

/B

A B C D E F

-> -> -> -> -> ->

+2 -2 -6 -4 +6 +4

Y

-1 +1 +3 +2 -3 -2

D

C

+4 -4 -12 -8 +12 +8

C

A A

B

B D

C

B

A

A

BB

ELISAVA

AB

B

D C

B

A

CB

A C B B B

B

n=3 n=

C B

A

n=2 A

A

D

D

C

C

B

C

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

CB

0

B

n=1 =1

B C

D

Z

2.10 Process of L-System code set on a component.

B

A

n=0 n=

B

value for the x,y,z, coordinates to each letter: X

C

B/A B A = 1,2,3,4,5

Rules of growth on a cube: A B C D E F

D

C

n=4 = A

A

AB

n A

n=5 n=

B

marilena christodoulou_vineet ma tutors: jordi truc

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2.11 Map the letters of the growth on a cube.

ELISAVA ELISAVA

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

2.12 Define the rules of joining the boxes and growing the system.

Bio.De.Lab marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina Bio.De.Lab

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2.13 Perspective Photo of the component in multiple view.


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2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system code set on a component:

ELISAVA

Escola Superior de DiseĂąo e IngenierĂ­a de Barcelona

2.14 Prespective view of two surfaces, applying different values to the coordinates.

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2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated F

L-System Mapping with Derivated Forms:

a. Mapping the letters randomly on a grid

Variables: 1st string: A, F, C 2nd string: B, A, D 3rd string: C, B, E 4th string: D, C, F 5th string: E, D, A 6th string: F, E, B

Rules of growth: A B C D E F

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AFA, F BAB, A CBC, B DCD, C EDE, D FEF, E

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AC BD CE DF EA FB

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AFAACAFAAFACAFAACAFA BABBDBABBABDBABBDBAB CBCCECBCCBCECBCCECBC DCDDFDCDDCDFDCDDFDCD EDEEAEDEEDEAEDEEAEDE FEFFBFEFFEFBFEFFBFEF

Map the letters randomly on multiplied Grids and put them on top of each other with a specific distance between them:

ELISAVA 2.15 Process of L-System mapping with derivated forms on grids.

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

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System Capacity | L-System Mapping with Derivated Forms

a. Mapping the letters randomly on 153a g

2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: a. Mapping the letters randomly on a grid Process: 3. Join the points according to the predefined rules of growth.

2.16 Join the points according to the predefined rules of growth.

4. Give thickness to the created curves.

2.17 Give thickness to the created curves.

ELISAVA

Escola Superior de DiseĂąo e IngenierĂ­a de Barcelona

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina

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SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated 2. SYSTEM2.CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: Forms: a. the Mapping the randomly letters randomly a. Mapping letters on a gridon a grid

2.18 Perspective View of the component in multiple view.

ELISAVAELISAVA

Escola Superior de Diseño Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona e Ingeniería de Barcelona

2.19 Perspective View of the component in multiple view.

Bio.De Bio.De.Lab

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina


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2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: b. Mapping the letters on a grid according to a logic and repeating the same grid in each level:

P

Variables:

1 a

1st string: A, F, C 2nd string: B, A, D 3rd string: C, B, E 4th string: D, C, F 5th string: E, D, A 6th string: F, E, B

2 g c

Rules of growth: A B C D E F

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AFA, F BAB, A CBC, B DCD, C EDE, D FEF, E

--> --> --> --> --> -->

AC BD CE DF EA FB

--> --> --> --> --> -->

3 c c

AFAACAFAAFACAFAACAFA BABBDBABBABDBABBDBAB CBCCECBCCBCECBCCECBC DCDDFDCDDCDFDCDDFDCD EDEEAEDEEDEAEDEEAEDE FEFFBFEFFEFBFEFFBFEF

Map the letters on a grid and copy it to specefic heights. Join the letters according to the L-system code.

ELISAVA

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

2.20 . Mapping the letters on a grid according to a logic and repeating the same grid in each level #02.

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string they have been generated:

Variables/Rules: Variables/Rules: Variables: AA --> BA/CA --> CA/DA/DA/AA AA --> BA/CA --> AB --> BB/CB --> AB 1st--> --> CB/DB/DB/AB string: BB/CB A, F, C AC --> BC/CC --> string: B, A, D AC 2nd --> BC/CC --> CC/DC/DC/AC AD --> BD/CD --> 3rd string: C, B, E string: BD/CD D, C, F AD 4th--> --> CD/DD/DD/AD BA --> CA/DA --> 5th string: E, D, A BB --> CB/DB --> BA 6th--> CA/DA --> DA/AA/AA/BA string: F, E, B BC --> CC/DC --> BB --> CB/DB --> DB/AB/AB/BB BD --> CD/DD --> Rules of growth on a cube: ... BC --> CC/DC --> DC/AC/AC/BC AA -> BA/CA -> CA/DA/DA/AA BD AB --> CD/DD --> DD/AD/AD/BD -> BB/CB -> CB/DB/DB/AB ...AC -> BC/CC -> CC/DC/DC/AC AD BA BB BC BD

-> -> -> -> ->

BD/CD CA/DA CB/DB CC/DC CD/DD

-> -> -> -> ->

EXAMPLE: CA/DA/DA/AA CB/DB/DB/AB CC/DC/DC/AC CD/DD/DD/AD DA/AA/AA/BA BA DB/AB/AB/BB DC/AC/AC/BC CA DA DD/AD/AD/BD

A B C D E F

-> -> -> -> -> ->

+2 -2 -6 -4 +6 +4

Proc

EXAMPLE:

AA

1. D 1. Defin and and rule

AA BA

CA

CA

DA

CA DA

DA

AA

AA

CD/DD/DD/AD DA/AA/AA/BA DB/AB/AB/BB DC/AC/AC/BC DD/AD/AD/BD

2. M code

value for the x,y,z, coordinates to each letter: X

Process:

Y

-1 +1 +3 +2 -3 -2

Z

+4 -4 -12 -8 +12 +8

2. Map t code on

ELISAVA

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

2.21 . Mapping the letters on a grid according to the string they have been generated.

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilu


2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: System Capacity | L-System with Derivated the Forms c.Mapping Mapping letters on a grid according to the have been generated: 2. string SYSTEM they CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: c. Mapping the letters on a grid according to the string they have been generated:

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3. Join the letters cording to the L-sy code. 3. Join the letters cording to the L-s code.

2.22 Join the letters according to the L-Systems code.

4. Give thickness to created curves.

4. Give thickness t created curves.

ELISAVA

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

2.23 Give thickness to the created curves. ELISAVA

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina

Bio.De.L

Bio.De.


S2 Advanced c. Mapping the | letters Design | BioDesign Geomatry Of Naturalon Patternsa2.0grid according to the string they have been generated: 2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: c. Mapping the letters on a grid according to the string they have been generated:

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2.24 Perspective View of the component in multiple view.

ELISAVA ELISAVA

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina

Bio.De.Lab

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina

Bio.De.Lab

2.25 Perspective View of the component in multiple view.


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System Capacity | L-System Mapping with Derivated Forms

L-System Mapping with Derivated Forms:

EXAMPLE:

2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: c. Mapping the letters on a grid according to the AA string they have been generated:

Variables: 1st string: A, F, C 2nd string: B, A, D 3rd string: C, B, E 4th string: D, C, F 5th string: E, D, A 6th string: F, E, B

Variables/Rules: AA --> AB/BA --> AC/BB/BB/CA AB --> AC/BB --> AD/BC/BC/CB AC --> AD/BC --> AA/BD/BD/CC AD --> AA/BD --> AB/BA/BA/CD BA --> BB/CA --> BC/CB/CB/DA Rules of growth on a cube: BB --> BC/CB --> BD/CC/CC/DB --> BD/CD --> BA/CD/CD/DC AA --> AB/BA --> AC/BB/BB/CA --> BC AD/BC/BC/CB/BC/CB/CB/DA --> BA/DA --> BB/CA/CA/DD AB --> AC/BB --> AD/BC/BC/CB -->BD AA/BD/BD/CC/BD/CC/CC/DB AC --> AD/BC --> AA/BD/BD/CC -->... AB/BA/BA/CD/BA/CD/CD/DC AD --> AA/BD --> AB/BA/BA/CD --> AC/BB/BB/CA/BB/CA/CA/DD BA --> BB/CA --> BC/CB/CB/DA --> BD/CC/CC/DB/CC/DB/DB/AA BB --> BC/CB --> BD/CC/CC/DB --> BA/CD/CD/DC/CD/DC/DC/AB BC --> BD/CD --> BA/CD/CD/DC --> BB/CA/CA/DD/CA/DD/DD/AC BD --> BA/DA --> BB/CA/CA/DD --> BC/CB/CB/DA/CB/DA/DA/AD EXAMPLE:

AB

BA

--> AD/BC/BC/CB/BC/CB/CB/DA --> AA/BD/BD/CC/BD/CC/CC/DB BB CA BB -->AC AB/BA/BA/CD/BA/CD/CD/DC --> AC/BB/BB/CA/BB/CA/CA/DD CB BC CB CB DA AD BC BC --> BD/CC/CC/DB/CC/DB/DB/AA --> BA/CD/CD/DC/CD/DC/DC/AB --> BB/CA/CA/DD/CA/DD/DD/AC --> BC/CB/CB/DA/CB/DA/DA/AD

ELISAVA

Process:

1. Define t and rules o

Escola Superior de Diseño e Ingeniería de Barcelona

value for the x,y,z, coordinates to each letter: A B C D E F

-> -> -> -> -> ->

X

+2 -2 -6 -4 +6 +4

Y

-1 +1 +3 +2 -3 -2

AA

Z

+4 -4 -12 -8 +12 +8

AC AD

BB BC BC

2. Map the code on a g

BA

AB BB CB BC

CA CB CB

DA

2.26 . Mapping the letters on a grid according to the string they have been generated #02. Escola Superior de Diseño

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Advanced Design | BioDesign | Geomatry Of Natural Patterns 2.0

3. Join the letters according to the L-system code.

2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: c. Mapping the letters on a grid according to the string they have been generated: 2.27 Join the letters according to the L-Systems code.

ELISAVA

Escola Superior de DiseĂąo e IngenierĂ­a de Barcelona

2.28 Give thickness to the created curves.

4. Give thickness to the created curves. Bio.De.Lab

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina


System Capacity | L-System Mapping with Derivated Forms

2. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms: 2.29 Render of front view of component 01.

2.30 Render of front view of component 02.

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. SYSTEM CAPACITY_L-system mapping with Derivated Forms:

LISAVA

Escola Superior de DiseĂąo e IngenierĂ­a de Barcelona

marilena christodoulou_vineet matai_ziwar al nouri tutors: jordi truco_marcel bilurbina

2.31 Model of front view of component 1 made by 3D printing

Bio.De.Lab

2.32 Model of front view of component 2 made by 3D printing


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L-System Mapping with Derivated Forms: Variables : A , B , C Grammar Rules : A ---> B B ---> CB C ---> ABC String Generational: n=0 , A n=1 , B n=2 , CB n=3 , ABCCB n=4 , BCBABCABCCB n=5 , CBABCCBBCCCBABCBCBABCBCBABCABCCB

2.33 Drawing of component and mapping the grammar rules on the lines.


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System Capacity

Generative process/Rules of the L-System’s growth:

2.34 Branching Conditions for A :

As per the rules , A gives B. Hence number of Branches (N) = 1 Branching occurs with the closest curve. Hence Curve 2 branches into Curve 1.

2.35 Branching Conditions for B:

2.36 Branching Conditions for C:

As per the rules , B gives CB. Hence number of Branches (N) = 2 Branching occurs with the closet curve. Hence Curve 2 branches into Curve 1 and Curve 3.

As per the rules , C gives ABC. Hence number of Branches (N) = 3 Branching occurs with the closet curve. Hence Curve 2 branches into Curve 1 , Curve 3,and Curve 4.


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17_

System Performance

We focus here on the performance aspects of the developed system. Mapping patterns of differential conditions modulated by the developed system. The main objective is to trace changes of intensity in space and over time that can be related back to and inform the parametric manipulations of the system. The modalities of mapping and documenting the performance of the system can be, in the case of physical models,photographic or, in the case of digital models, a digital and analysis.


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System Performance Differental Conditions: A. Environment: - Density of guide-lines. - Change in the height of branches. - Change in the height between the branches. - Change in the are that the points are proliferating. - Craossing guide-lines. B. Initial Variables: - Density of starting points. - Change in the grammur rule.

2.37 Comfort Zone in the researched area.


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System Performance

End Points

Passing Points

Starting Points

2.38 Area of point’s proliferation #01

2.39 Point’s proliferation #02

2.40 Guides Lines#03


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Change In The Height Of Branches :

2.41. Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in height.

2.42. Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in height.


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System Performance

Density Of The Guides Lines:

2.43 . Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in Guides Lines

2.44. Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in Guides Lines


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Change In The Surface :

2.45 . Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in surface.

2.46. Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in surface.


System Performance

Change In The Crossing Guide-Line :

2.47. Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in crossing guide-line.

2.48. Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in crossing guide-line.

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Change In Density Of Starting Points:

2.49 . Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in density of STP

2.50 . Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in density of STP.


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System Performance

Change In The Grammar Rule :

2.51 Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in grammar rule

2.52 . Side view renders and drawings of digitally generated proliferations in various phases of changing in grammar rule


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18_

Architectonic Application

With the digital model and parametric software (grasshopper, python) we can control the parameters, limits, laws and possibilities of spaces, we worked with three specific parameters routing, proximity and solar radiation. Analyzing this three parameters we got space distribution, program solution, space organization.


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2.53 Satellite image of Barcelona by area.


Architectonic Application

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2.54 Barcelona by area.

Universitat Pompeu Fabra Campus de la comunicacion UPF, Ca Laanyo ,Poble Nou,Barcelona,Spain

2.55 Poble Nou,Barcelona,Spain


Architectonic Application

2.56 Diffrent view from plaza.

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RocBoronat BoronatBuilding building Roc Roc Boronat building

LaLaFabrica FĂ bricaBuilding building

Thebuilding square La FĂ brica

is surrounded by buildings that make up the campus and the sets of Audiovisual Production La Nau building Center. From the square and through bare stairs, you Tallers area area to the lower level, which will be located canTallers go down Tallers area the cafeteria and an auditorium of 210 seats. Skylights Outdoor OutdoorPlaza Plaza Outdoorlocated Plaza in the same square allow natural lighting of the auditorium lobby. The square will be connected on the lower level with the building A.B NauBuilding building LaLaNau

2.57 The researched area.

Outdoor Plaza: With an area of 2,210 m2 , and size of 42*51 meters, will be a space for outdoor relationship where you can develop cultural activities. It is configured as a multi-purpose and open exchange in the city, which may include various activities such as film screenings, industry meeting, exhibitions.

The square is surrounded by buildings that make up the campus, and the sets of Audiovisual Production Center. From the square and through bare stairs, you can go down to the lower level, which will be located the cafeteria, and an auditorium of 210 seats. Skylights located in the same square allow natural lighting of the auditorium lobby. The square will be connected on the lower level with the building A.B.


Architectonic Application

2.58 Formations placed at the researched area in la plaza de Pompeu Fabra.

2.59 Different view in Pompeu Fabra Campus.

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2.60 Four heat maps in different times per year. The Auto desk Ecotech analysis software was mused to measure the amount of solar radiation in each season to figure-out the comfortable area.


Architectonic Application

2.61 Comfort Zone in the researched area.

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Architectonic Application

2.62 Connect the entrance that we will use with simple line(Front View of La Nau Building).

2.63 Front view of bibotica building.

2.64 Front view of La Fabrica building.


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2.65 Diagram explain how we use the average curve from the guides as repealers so the guides will deform around them and it will create a space.


Architectonic Application

2.66 Formations placed at the researched area in la plaza de Pompeu Fabra(Top view of an applied formation).

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2.67 Applied formation on location.(Perspective View)


Architectonic Application

2.68 Perspective View .

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2.69 Perspective View


Architectonic Application

4.11 Perspective View

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Architectonic Architectural Application

4.13 Perspective View

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19_

Fabrication Process

We were making a prototype by 3rd printing, but When we were scaling up the model we realized that we gave a problem with the material forces in the 1:1 scale asked for a material that could deal with it. So instead of the tangent curve for the branches change to straight line, and we used a wood material by CNC machine, and Laser Cut to cut the pieces.


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3D Printed Pototype :

2.70 Model of perspective view of component made by 3RD printing


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2.71 Model of perspective view of component made by 3RD printing


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Big Scale :

2.72 Instead of the tangent curve for the branches change to straight lines.


Fabrication Process

2.73 The Branches was divided and fabricated into several pieces due to CNC limitations.

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2.74 The Branches was divided and fabricated into several pieces due to CNC limitations.


Fabrication Process

2.75 The process of joining all the parts of fabricated components.

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2.76 The process of joining all the parts of fabricated components.


Fabrication Process

2.77 The process of joining all the parts of fabricated components.

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2.78 Perspective view of the final component.


Fabrication Process

2.79 End of the semester exposition in the Elisava’s main hall.

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Universidad PompeuFabra | ELISAVA | Barcelona


209

Computational Design Laboratory


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Introduction

01_

The modern definition of artificial intelligence is “the study and design of intelligent agents.” We say that an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that increase their chances of success. In computer science, the “evolutionary comutation” is a sub field of artificial intelligence. This is the general term for several computational techniques that are based in some way in the evoluation of biological life in the natural world.Of course the future of computational processes will by fully involved on the “evolutionary computation”, for their clear utility in the selection and optimization processes. But in the world of digital morphogenesis, in fully process of exploration and development there are other automated processes to generate three-dimensional shapes and diagrams, included in the field of artificial intelligence such as intelligent agents, particle systems or networks and databases. In the “Design Studio” we will be centered on these processes to achieve self-organization of system,and generation of complex forms from simple rules. We will work with vector diagrams and volumes defined by polylines, and vectors. This will require working with programing and establish rules and digital algorithms. Therefore we will let them govern the systems to generate these results. To write these computational codes we will work on the programing environment such as Python. Jordi Truco(1)

(1) Jordi Truco, Director of ADDA , Arch.ESTAB, M.Arch Emtech AA


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02

Data Collection and Site study

The Intervention site will be the courtyard of Elisava School , Collect specific documentation for analysis, plans, data,and photographs, We understand that the space recently renovated is the site for intervention The first phase of the project is to analyse and extract useful data in order to have foundation and unique data of the courtyard. The courtyard of Elisava is a place for seviral activities, and to create a nice environment, but still remains much problems to be resolved, with the team we realize the necessity to analyze the shadow and light whcich projected on the site during the year, and we can use it and transform the data to usefull system. as input for further actions The main subject of research is: the shadow and its relation to the courtyard. The team collected several data related to the behaviour of shadow and light on the site during the year. We created several diagrams in relation to the research subject. The data collected and presented in these diagrams were uses in Operative Strategies


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3.01 Top view of The courtyard of Elisava


Data collection and Site study

3.02 The courtyard of Elisava

215


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3.03 The researched area in different time per day


217

Data collection and Site study Data Scapes - Site Analysis

Light & Shadows Projected on the Site During Spring & Summer

Light & Shadows Projected on the Site During Autum & Winter

Light & Shadows Projected on the site During Autum & Winter

Light & Shadows Projected on the site During Summer &Spring

Jan Jan

Feb Feb

Mar Mar

Apr Apr

May May

Jun Jun

Jul Jul

Aug Aug

Sep Sep

Oct Oct

3.04 The Auto desk Ecotech analysis software was mused to measure the amount of solar radiation in each season to figure-out the shadow and comfortable area.

Nov Nov

Dec Dec


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Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

June

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

3.05 Diagram of shadow maps in months of year.


219

Data collection and Site study

The first phase of the project is to analyse and extract useful data in order to have foundation and unique data of the courtyard. The courtyard of Elisava is a place for seviral activities, and to create a nice environment, but still remains much problems to be resolved, with the team we realize the necessity to analyze the shadow and light whcich projected on the site during the year, and we can use it and transform the data to usefull system. as input for further actions The main subject of research is: the shadow and its relation to the courtyard. The team collected several data related to the behaviour of shadow and light on the site during the year. We created several diagrams in relation to the research subject. The data collected and presented in these diagrams were uses in Operative Strategies theory-

Solar topography Mars

3.06 The three researched months

Solar topography June

Solar topography September


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03_

Operative Strategies

After studying the site, is required the generation of diagrams for a further dynamic scenario, the task will consist on making on analysis through experimentation . Instead of collecting data and extracting conclusions, the analysis will be done by setting up a dynamic test. We used two script the first one is for dividing the image into pixels and give each pixel a brightness value, and the 2nd Script for take the values of previous script by excel file and transformed this values to coordinates (x,y,z) for a grid points.


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Data Scapes - Site Analysis

Data Scapes - Site Anal

Average Shadows During The Month

MAR

184.5

61.5

0.00

266.5

61.5

0.20

389.5

61.5

0.20

512.5

61.5

0.20

184.5

61.5

0.00

225.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

717.5

0.20

348.5

348.5

0.20

184.5

61.5

0.00

266.5

61.5

0.20

389.5

61.5

0.20

512.5

61.5

0.20

61.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

102.5

0.20

389.5

102.5

0.20

512.5

102.5

0.20

61.5

266.5

0.20

225.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

758.5

0.20

348.5

389.5

0.20

61.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

102.5

0.20

389.5

102.5

0.20

512.5

102.5

0.20

61.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

143.5

0.20

389.5

143.5

0.20

512.5

143.5

0.20

61.5

307.5

0.20

225.5

348.5

0.20

266.5

799.5

0.20

348.5

430.5

0.20

61.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

143.5

0.20

389.5

143.5

0.20

512.5

143.5

0.20

102.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

184.5

0.20

389.5

184.5

0.20

512.5

184.5

0.20

102.5

266.5

0.20

225.5

389.5

0.20

307.5

61.5

0.20

348.5

471.5

0.20

102.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

184.5

0.20

389.5

184.5

0.20

512.5

184.5

0.20

102.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

225.5

0.20

389.5

225.5

0.20

512.5

225.5

0.20

102.5

307.5

0.20

225.5

430.5

0.20

307.5

102.5

0.20

348.5

512.5

0.20

102.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

225.5

0.20

389.5

225.5

0.20

512.5

225.5

0.20

143.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

266.5

0.20

389.5

266.5

0.20

512.5

266.5

0.20

143.5

266.5

0.20

225.5

471.5

0.20

307.5

143.5

0.20

348.5

553.5

0.20

143.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

266.5

0.20

389.5

266.5

0.20

512.5

266.5

0.20

143.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

307.5

0.20

389.5

307.5

0.20

512.5

307.5

0.20

143.5

307.5

0.20

225.5

512.5

0.20

307.5

184.5

0.20

348.5

594.5

0.20

143.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

307.5

0.20

389.5

307.5

0.20

512.5

307.5

0.20

184.5

102.5

0.20

266.5

348.5

0.20

389.5

348.5

0.20

553.5

61.5

0.20

184.5

102.5

0.20

225.5

553.5

0.20

307.5

225.5

0.20

348.5

635.5

0.20

184.5

102.5

0.20

266.5

348.5

0.20

389.5

348.5

0.20

553.5

61.5

0.20

184.5

143.5

0.20

266.5

389.5

0.20

389.5

389.5

0.20

553.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

143.5

0.20

225.5

594.5

0.20

307.5

266.5

0.20

348.5

676.5

0.20

184.5

143.5

0.20

266.5

389.5

0.20

389.5

389.5

0.20

553.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

184.5

0.20

266.5

430.5

0.20

389.5

430.5

0.20

553.5

143.5

0.20

184.5

184.5

0.20

225.5

635.5

0.20

307.5

307.5

0.20

389.5

61.5

0.20

184.5

184.5

0.20

266.5

430.5

0.20

389.5

430.5

0.20

553.5

143.5

0.20

184.5

225.5

0.20

307.5

61.5

0.20

430.5

61.5

0.20

553.5

184.5

0.20

184.5

225.5

0.20

225.5

676.5

0.20

307.5

348.5

0.20

389.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

225.5

0.20

307.5

61.5

0.20

430.5

61.5

0.20

553.5

184.5

0.20

184.5

266.5

0.20

307.5

102.5

0.20

430.5

102.5

0.20

553.5

225.5

0.20

184.5

266.5

0.20

225.5

717.5

0.20

307.5

389.5

0.20

389.5

143.5

0.20

184.5

266.5

0.20

307.5

102.5

0.20

430.5

102.5

0.20

553.5

225.5

0.20

184.5

307.5

0.20

307.5

143.5

0.20

430.5

143.5

0.20

553.5

266.5

0.20

184.5

307.5

0.20

225.5

758.5

0.20

307.5

430.5

0.20

389.5

184.5

0.20

184.5

307.5

0.20

307.5

143.5

0.20

430.5

143.5

0.20

553.5

266.5

0.20

184.5

348.5

0.20

307.5

184.5

0.20

430.5

184.5

0.20

553.5

307.5

0.20

184.5

348.5

0.20

225.5

799.5

0.20

307.5

471.5

0.20

389.5

225.5

0.20

184.5

348.5

0.20

307.5

184.5

0.20

430.5

184.5

0.20

553.5

307.5

0.20

184.5

389.5

0.20

307.5

225.5

0.20

430.5

225.5

0.20

594.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

389.5

0.20

266.5

61.5

0.20

307.5

512.5

0.20

389.5

266.5

0.20

184.5

389.5

0.20

307.5

225.5

0.20

430.5

225.5

0.20

594.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

430.5

0.20

307.5

266.5

0.20

430.5

266.5

0.20

594.5

143.5

0.20

184.5

430.5

0.20

266.5

102.5

0.20

307.5

553.5

0.20

389.5

307.5

0.20

184.5

430.5

0.20

307.5

266.5

0.20

430.5

266.5

0.20

594.5

143.5

0.20

184.5

471.5

0.20

307.5

307.5

0.20

430.5

307.5

0.20

594.5

184.5

0.20

184.5

471.5

0.20

266.5

143.5

0.20

307.5

594.5

0.20

389.5

348.5

0.20

184.5

471.5

0.20

307.5

307.5

0.20

430.5

307.5

0.20

594.5

184.5

0.20

184.5

512.5

0.20

307.5

348.5

0.20

430.5

348.5

0.20

594.5

225.5

0.20

184.5

512.5

0.20

266.5

184.5

0.20

307.5

635.5

0.20

389.5

389.5

0.20

184.5

512.5

0.20

307.5

348.5

0.20

430.5

348.5

0.20

594.5

225.5

0.20

225.5

61.5

0.20

307.5

389.5

0.20

430.5

389.5

0.20

594.5

266.5

0.20

184.5

553.5

0.20

266.5

225.5

0.20

307.5

676.5

0.20

389.5

430.5

0.20

225.5

61.5

0.20

307.5

389.5

0.20

430.5

389.5

0.20

594.5

266.5

0.20

225.5

102.5

0.20

307.5

430.5

0.20

430.5

430.5

0.20

594.5

307.5

0.20

184.5

594.5

0.20

266.5

266.5

0.20

307.5

717.5

0.20

389.5

471.5

0.20

225.5

102.5

0.20

307.5

430.5

0.20

430.5

430.5

0.20

594.5

307.5

0.20

225.5

143.5

0.20

348.5

61.5

0.20

471.5

61.5

0.20

635.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

635.5

0.20

266.5

307.5

0.20

307.5

758.5

0.20

389.5

512.5

0.20

225.5

143.5

0.20

348.5

61.5

0.20

471.5

61.5

0.20

635.5

102.5

0.20

225.5

184.5

0.20

348.5

102.5

0.20

471.5

102.5

0.20

635.5

143.5

0.20

184.5

676.5

0.20

266.5

348.5

0.20

307.5

799.5

0.20

389.5

553.5

0.20

225.5

184.5

0.20

348.5

102.5

0.20

471.5

102.5

0.20

635.5

143.5

0.20

225.5

225.5

0.20

348.5

143.5

0.20

471.5

143.5

0.20

635.5

184.5

0.20

184.5

717.5

0.20

266.5

389.5

0.20

307.5

840.5

0.20

389.5

594.5

0.20

225.5

225.5

0.20

348.5

143.5

0.20

471.5

143.5

0.20

635.5

184.5

0.20

225.5

266.5

0.20

348.5

184.5

0.20

471.5

184.5

0.20

635.5

225.5

0.20

184.5

758.5

0.20

266.5

430.5

0.20

348.5

61.5

0.20

389.5

635.5

0.20

225.5

266.5

0.20

348.5

184.5

0.20

471.5

184.5

0.20

635.5

225.5

0.20

225.5

307.5

0.20

348.5

225.5

0.20

471.5

225.5

0.20

635.5

266.5

0.20

184.5

799.5

0.20

266.5

471.5

0.20

348.5

102.5

0.20

389.5

676.5

0.20

225.5

307.5

0.20

348.5

225.5

0.20

471.5

225.5

0.20

635.5

266.5

0.20

225.5

348.5

0.20

348.5

266.5

0.20

471.5

266.5

0.20

635.5

307.5

0.20

225.5

61.5

0.20

266.5

512.5

0.20

348.5

143.5

0.20

430.5

61.5

0.20

225.5

348.5

0.20

348.5

266.5

0.20

471.5

266.5

0.20

635.5

307.5

0.20

225.5

389.5

0.20

348.5

307.5

0.20

471.5

307.5

0.20

676.5

102.5

0.20

225.5

102.5

0.20

266.5

553.5

0.20

348.5

184.5

0.20

430.5

102.5

0.20

225.5

389.5

0.20

348.5

307.5

0.20

471.5

307.5

0.20

676.5

102.5

0.20

225.5

430.5

0.20

348.5

348.5

0.20

471.5

348.5

0.20

676.5

143.5

0.20

225.5

143.5

0.20

266.5

594.5

0.20

348.5

225.5

0.20

0.20

348.5

348.5

0.20

471.5

348.5

0.20

225.5

471.5

0.20

348.5

389.5

0.20

471.5

389.5

0.20

676.5

184.5

0.20

225.5

184.5

0.20

266.5

635.5

0.20

348.5

266.5

0.20

430.5

184.5

0.20

0.20

348.5

389.5

0.20

471.5

389.5

0.20

676.5

184.5

0.20

225.5

512.5

0.20

348.5

430.5

0.20

471.5

430.5

0.20

676.5

225.5

0.20

225.5

225.5

0.20

266.5

676.5

0.20

348.5

307.5

0.20

430.5

225.5

0.20

0.20

348.5

430.5

0.20

471.5

430.5

0.20

676.5

225.5

0.20

3.07 Average shadow during the month of year

430.5 143.5 0.20 225.5 Of430.5 Average Shadows During The Month 225.5 471.5 JANUARY 225.5 512.5

676.5 143.5 0.20 Average Shadows During The Month

MAR


223

Operative Strategies

Data Scapes - Site Analysis

Data Scapes - Site An

184.5

61.5

0.00

430.5

102.5

0.20

553.5

102.5

0.23

512.5

348.5

0.26

184.5

61.5

0.00

266.5

307.5

0.20

430.5

225.5

0.20

184.5

471.5

0.23

184.5

61.5

0.00

266.5

61.5

0.20

389.5

61.5

0.20

512.5

61.5

0.20

61.5

266.5

0.20

471.5

61.5

0.20

553.5

143.5

0.23

553.5

184.5

0.26

61.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

348.5

0.20

471.5

61.5

0.20

184.5

512.5

0.23

61.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

102.5

0.20

389.5

102.5

0.20

512.5

102.5

0.20

61.5

307.5

0.20

471.5

102.5

0.20

594.5

102.5

0.23

553.5

225.5

0.26

61.5

307.5

0.20

307.5

61.5

0.20

471.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

553.5

0.23

61.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

143.5

0.20

389.5

143.5

0.20

512.5

143.5

0.20

102.5

266.5

0.20

512.5

61.5

0.20

594.5

143.5

0.23

594.5

184.5

0.26

102.5

266.5

0.20

307.5

102.5

0.20

471.5

143.5

0.20

225.5

389.5

0.23

102.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

184.5

0.20

389.5

184.5

0.20

512.5

184.5

0.20

102.5

307.5

0.20

512.5

102.5

0.20

635.5

102.5

0.23

594.5

225.5

0.26

102.5

307.5

0.20

307.5

143.5

0.20

471.5

184.5

0.20

225.5

430.5

0.23

102.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

225.5

0.20

389.5

225.5

0.20

512.5

225.5

0.20

143.5

266.5

0.20

184.5

225.5

0.23

635.5

143.5

0.23

594.5

266.5

0.26

143.5

266.5

0.20

307.5

184.5

0.20

471.5

225.5

0.20

225.5

471.5

0.23

143.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

266.5

0.20

389.5

266.5

0.20

512.5

266.5

0.20

143.5

307.5

0.20

184.5

266.5

0.23

676.5

102.5

0.23

635.5

184.5

0.26

143.5

307.5

0.20

307.5

225.5

0.20

512.5

61.5

0.20

266.5

389.5

0.23

143.5

307.5

0.20

266.5

307.5

0.20

389.5

307.5

0.20

512.5

307.5

0.20

184.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

307.5

0.23

676.5

143.5

0.23

635.5

225.5

0.26

184.5

102.5

0.20

307.5

266.5

0.20

512.5

102.5

0.20

266.5

430.5

0.23

184.5

102.5

0.20

266.5

348.5

0.20

389.5

348.5

0.20

553.5

61.5

0.20

184.5

143.5

0.20

225.5

266.5

0.23

717.5

102.5

0.23

635.5

266.5

0.26

184.5

143.5

0.20

307.5

307.5

0.20

512.5

143.5

0.20

266.5

471.5

0.23

184.5

143.5

0.20

266.5

389.5

0.20

389.5

389.5

0.20

553.5

102.5

0.20

184.5

184.5

0.20

225.5

307.5

0.23

717.5

143.5

0.23

676.5

184.5

0.26

184.5

184.5

0.20

307.5

348.5

0.20

512.5

184.5

0.20

307.5

389.5

0.23

184.5

184.5

0.20

266.5

430.5

0.20

389.5

430.5

0.20

553.5

143.5

0.20

225.5

61.5

0.20

266.5

266.5

0.23

184.5

348.5

0.26

676.5

225.5

0.26

184.5

225.5

0.20

348.5

61.5

0.20

512.5

225.5

0.20

307.5

430.5

0.23

184.5

225.5

0.20

307.5

61.5

0.20

430.5

61.5

0.20

553.5

184.5

0.20

225.5

102.5

0.20

266.5

307.5

0.23

184.5

389.5

0.26

676.5

266.5

0.26

184.5

266.5

0.20

348.5

102.5

0.20

553.5

61.5

0.20

307.5

471.5

0.23

184.5

266.5

0.20

307.5

102.5

0.20

430.5

102.5

0.20

553.5

225.5

0.20

225.5

143.5

0.20

307.5

266.5

0.23

225.5

348.5

0.26

717.5

184.5

0.26

184.5

307.5

0.20

348.5

143.5

0.20

553.5

102.5

0.20

348.5

389.5

0.23

184.5

307.5

0.20

307.5

143.5

0.20

430.5

143.5

0.20

553.5

266.5

0.20

225.5

184.5

0.20

307.5

307.5

0.23

225.5

389.5

0.26

717.5

225.5

0.26

184.5

348.5

0.20

348.5

184.5

0.20

553.5

143.5

0.20

348.5

430.5

0.23

184.5

348.5

0.20

307.5

184.5

0.20

430.5

184.5

0.20

553.5

307.5

0.20

225.5

225.5

0.20

348.5

143.5

0.23

266.5

348.5

0.26

717.5

266.5

0.26

184.5

389.5

0.20

348.5

225.5

0.20

553.5

184.5

0.20

348.5

471.5

0.23

184.5

389.5

0.20

307.5

225.5

0.20

430.5

225.5

0.20

594.5

102.5

0.20

266.5

61.5

0.20

348.5

184.5

0.23

266.5

389.5

0.26

758.5

102.5

0.26

184.5

430.5

0.20

348.5

266.5

0.20

553.5

225.5

0.20

389.5

389.5

0.23

184.5

430.5

0.20

307.5

266.5

0.20

430.5

266.5

0.20

594.5

143.5

0.20

266.5

102.5

0.20

348.5

225.5

0.23

307.5

348.5

0.26

758.5

143.5

0.26

225.5

61.5

0.20

348.5

307.5

0.20

553.5

266.5

0.20

389.5

430.5

0.23

184.5

471.5

0.20

307.5

307.5

0.20

430.5

307.5

0.20

594.5

184.5

0.20

266.5

143.5

0.20

389.5

143.5

0.23

307.5

389.5

0.26

799.5

102.5

0.26

225.5

102.5

0.20

348.5

348.5

0.20

594.5

102.5

0.20

389.5

471.5

0.23

184.5

512.5

0.20

307.5

348.5

0.20

430.5

348.5

0.20

594.5

225.5

0.20

266.5

184.5

0.20

389.5

184.5

0.23

348.5

266.5

0.26

799.5

143.5

0.26

225.5

143.5

0.20

389.5

61.5

0.20

594.5

143.5

0.20

430.5

266.5

0.23

225.5

61.5

0.20

307.5

389.5

0.20

430.5

389.5

0.20

594.5

266.5

0.20

266.5

225.5

0.20

389.5

225.5

0.23

348.5

307.5

0.26

840.5

102.5

0.26

225.5

184.5

0.20

389.5

102.5

0.20

594.5

184.5

0.20

430.5

307.5

0.23

225.5

102.5

0.20

307.5

430.5

0.20

430.5

430.5

0.20

594.5

307.5

0.20

307.5

61.5

0.20

430.5

143.5

0.23

389.5

266.5

0.26

840.5

143.5

0.26

225.5

225.5

0.20

389.5

143.5

0.20

594.5

225.5

0.20

430.5

348.5

0.23

225.5

143.5

0.20

348.5

61.5

0.20

471.5

61.5

0.20

635.5

102.5

0.20

307.5

102.5

0.20

430.5

184.5

0.23

389.5

307.5

0.26

184.5

430.5

0.30

225.5

266.5

0.20

389.5

184.5

0.20

594.5

266.5

0.20

471.5

266.5

0.23

225.5

184.5

0.20

348.5

102.5

0.20

471.5

102.5

0.20

635.5

143.5

0.20

307.5

143.5

0.20

430.5

225.5

0.23

430.5

266.5

0.26

184.5

471.5

0.30

225.5

307.5

0.20

389.5

225.5

0.20

635.5

102.5

0.20

471.5

307.5

0.23

225.5

225.5

0.20

348.5

143.5

0.20

471.5

143.5

0.20

635.5

184.5

0.20

307.5

184.5

0.20

471.5

143.5

0.23

430.5

307.5

0.26

225.5

430.5

0.30

225.5

348.5

0.20

389.5

266.5

0.20

635.5

143.5

0.20

471.5

348.5

0.23

225.5

266.5

0.20

348.5

184.5

0.20

471.5

184.5

0.20

635.5

225.5

0.20

307.5

225.5

0.20

471.5

184.5

0.23

430.5

348.5

0.26

225.5

471.5

0.30

266.5

61.5

0.20

389.5

307.5

0.20

635.5

184.5

0.20

512.5

266.5

0.23

225.5

307.5

0.20

348.5

225.5

0.20

471.5

225.5

0.20

635.5

266.5

0.20

348.5

61.5

0.20

471.5

225.5

0.23

471.5

266.5

0.26

266.5

430.5

0.30

266.5

102.5

0.20

389.5

348.5

0.20

676.5

102.5

0.20

512.5

307.5

0.23

225.5

348.5

0.20

348.5

266.5

0.20

471.5

266.5

0.20

635.5

307.5

0.20

348.5

102.5

0.20

512.5

143.5

0.23

471.5

307.5

0.26

266.5

471.5

0.30

266.5

143.5

0.20

430.5

61.5

0.20

717.5

102.5

0.20

512.5

348.5

0.23

225.5

389.5

0.20

348.5

307.5

0.20

471.5

307.5

0.20

676.5

102.5

0.20

389.5

61.5

0.20

512.5

184.5

0.23

471.5

348.5

0.26

307.5

430.5

0.30

266.5

184.5

0.20

430.5

102.5

0.20

758.5

102.5

0.20

0.20

348.5

348.5

0.20

471.5

348.5

0.20

389.5

102.5

0.20

512.5

225.5

0.23

512.5

266.5

0.26

307.5

471.5

0.30

266.5

225.5

0.20

430.5

143.5

0.20

799.5

102.5

0.20

553.5

307.5

0.23

225.5

0.20

348.5

389.5

0.20

471.5

389.5

0.20

676.5

184.5

0.20

430.5

61.5

0.20

553.5

61.5

0.23

512.5

307.5

0.26

348.5

348.5

0.30

266.5

266.5

0.20

430.5

184.5

0.20

840.5

102.5

0.20

553.5

348.5

0.23

225.5

0.20

348.5

430.5

0.20

471.5

430.5

0.20

676.5

225.5

0.20

3.08 Average shadow during the month of year

512.5 389.5 0.23 225.5 Of430.5 Average Shadows During The Month

JUNE471.5 512.5

676.5 143.5 0.20 Average Shadows During The Mo

AU


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3.09 Average shadow during the month of year for top view


225

import rhinoscriptsyntax as rs import System #load picture def getimage(): filename= rs.OpenFileName(None,None,None,None) bmp= System.Drawing.Bitmap(filename) return bmp image=getimage() #function to store grid def getpixels(image,xPix,yPix,SizePix): print image.Size print”width:” , image.Size.Width print”height:” , image.Size.Height pixels=[] for i in range(xPix): for j in range (yPix): pix= image.GetPixel(i*SizePix,j*SizePix) pixels.append(pix) positionPt=(i*SizePix+SizePix/2,j*SizePix+SizePix/2,0) print pix.GetBrightness() return pixels SizePix=41 xPix=int(image.Size.Width/SizePix) yPix=int(image.Size.Height/SizePix) pixels=getpixels(image,xPix,yPix,SizePix) #function to draw the image and give a brightness value for each point according to the condition if the brightness<1 def drawimage(pixels,xPix,yPix,SizePix): 3.10 The 1st Script for dividing the image into pixels and give each pixel a brightness value


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04_

Intelligent Patterns

Several exercises on how to connect points, lines and poly lines on certain order may have to be done. Afterwards one of those examples will be applied to the system on the whole set of frames. First motion morphologies will appear. By applying the algorithm we will simplify the diagrams and make them more comprehensive in terms of structure. This new poly structures will start defining better the resultant morphologies in the site.


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Front View

Sun Ray Angle of Sep-Mar-Jun

Top View

3.11 Diagram of Data development (Top+Front view)

Sun Ray Radiations of Sep

Parallel Angles And Intersection Point

Surface Typology And Altitude


229

Intelligent Pattern

Front View

Primary StructuresBranching

Top View

3.12 Diagram of Data development (Top+Front view)

Secondary StructuresCurveture Attractions& Density

The System- Massing

Primary StructuresBranching


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Prespective

Top View Sun Radiations - September 12pm

Top View Surface Typology

Data Scapes - Data Development

Perspective

Data Scapes - Data Development

Perspective

Sun Ray Angle of Sep-Mar-Jun

Data Scapes - Data Development

Perspective

Sun Ray Radiations of Sep Top View Branching - Primary Structures

Top View Fillings- Secondary Structures

Data Scapes - Data Development

Perspective

Data Scapes - Data Development

Perspective

Perspective

Secondary StructuresCurveture Attractions& Density

Primary StructuresBranching Top View Fabrication

Perspective

Perspective

The System- Massing

3.13 Diagram of Data development (perspective view)

Surface Typology And Altitude

The System- Massing

The System- Massing


231

Intelligent Pattern Data Scapes - Data Morphologies

Top View March Morphology

Side View

3.14 Morphology of March (Top+Side+Perspective view)

Perspective


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Advanced Design | CodLab | Data Scapes Data Scapes - Data Morphologies

Top View June Morphology

Side View

3.15 Morphology of June (Top+Side+Perspective view)

Perspective


233

Intelligent Pattern Data Scapes - Data Morphologies

Top View September Morphology

Side View

3.16 Morphology of September (Top+Side+Perspective view)

Perspective


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05_

Prototype

The evolution and development of the prototypes were made in the Workshop of Hybrid Prototype, We used the software Rhinoceros and Illustrator. We Used the laser cut machine to cut the pieces of the Prototype.


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Advanced Design | CodLab | Data Scapes

In this phase of digital fabrication the team choose a way to fabricate the models,by Laser machine, we used Grasshopper software by Waffle structure script to divide the geometry into pieces by X, Y coordinates.

3.17 Perspective view of the final component by Grasshopper


Prototype

3.18 The process of joining all the parts of fabricated components.

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3.19 Definition of Waffle structure script in Grasshopper


Prototype

3.20 ISO view final Prototype

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3.21 ISO view final Prototype


Prototype

3.22 ISO view final Prototype

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Prototype - A

3.23 Different view of final Prototype

Data Scapes - Prototyping


Prototype

Prototype - B

3.24 Different view of final Prototype

Data Scapes - Prototyping

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Morphology 3.25 Diagram of fabrication development

Tectonics - Waffel Structure


245

Prototype

Fabrication 3.26 Diagram of fabrication development


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06_

Architecture response

The final part of the course .It will be essential to further implement the strategies and tools for design and production processes learned so far. There shall be assigned , a program and a specific place. During the course we must realize that everything is relevant, both workshops and seminars will serve to develop the final investigation.


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Architecture Response

Prespective view

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Advanced Design | CodLab | Data Scapes


Architecture Response

Prespective view + Project

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Advanced Design | CodLab | Data Scapes


Architecture Response

Prespective Night view

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Architecture Response

Prespective Night view

255


‫درجة الماجستير في التصميم المتقدم والعمارة الرقمية في ‪ ELISAVA‬في برشلونة ‪,‬اسبانيا ‪.‬‬ ‫لقد تعلمت الكثير من هذا الماجستير‪ .،‬درست كيفية تأسيس لغة معينة لخلق أنظمة الشكل لتصبح‬ ‫مساحات معمارية وسكنية‪ ،‬وكيفية خلق أنظمة شكل باستخدام ‪ ،CADCAM‬وأدوات التصنيع‬ ‫الرقمي‪ .‬وأستخدمت على نطاق واسع برامج رقمية حديثة‪.‬‬ ‫رؤيتي وتفكيري بعد هذه التجربة تغيرت عن التصميم بشكل عام والعمارة بشكل خاص‪.‬‬ ‫هدفي في هذه الحياة هو خلق تصميم جديد يعتمد على دمج تصميم برامتريكي مع العمارة التق ليدية‬ ‫وتطبيقه على نطاق واسع في بلدي‪ ،‬وأنا وجدت ما كنت بحاجة اليه في هذا الماجستير‪.‬‬

‫إلى منارة العلم واإلمام المصطفي إلى األمي الذي علم المتعلمين إلى سيد الخلق إلى رسولنا الكريم‬ ‫سيدنا محمد صلى اهلل عليه وسلم‪.‬‬ ‫إلى الينبوع الذي ال يمل العطاء إلى من حاكت سعادتي بخيوط منسوجة من ق لبها إلى من أرضعتني‬

‫ ‬ ‫‪Thanks to the Master’s Degree in Advanced Design and Digital‬‬ ‫‪Architecture (ADDA) at ELISAVA in Barcelona‬‬ ‫‪I learned a lot from this master . I studied how to establish specific‬‬ ‫‪language for creating shape systems that become architectural and‬‬ ‫‪habitable spaces, and how to fabricate the shape systems using CAD‬‬‫‪CAM, and digital manufacturing tools. I used extensively programs‬‬ ‫‪and control processes such as Grasshopper, Python, and Rhino Cam.‬‬ ‫ ‬ ‫‪My vision and my thinking after this experience changed‬‬ ‫‪about the design in general and the architecture is particularly, and‬‬ ‫‪develope new creative analysis‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪My Goal in this life is to create new design Depends on merge the‬‬ ‫‪parametric design with the traditional architecture, and apply it on‬‬ ‫‪huge scale at my country, and I found what I need at this master.‬‬

‫الحب والحنان إلى رمز الحب وبلسم الشف اء إلى الق لب الناصع بالبياض إلى من بوجودها أكتسب قوة‬

‫‪Finally Thanks for My parents which push me to make my first step‬‬ ‫‪in the creative world,and thanks to my teacher Jordi Truco which I‬‬ ‫‪learned from him a lot of the experience and knowledge, and thanks‬‬ ‫‪for my friends‬‬

‫إلى من سعى وشقي ألنعم بالراحة والهناء الذي لم يبخل بشيء من أجل دفعي في طريق النجاح الذي‬

‫‪M.Arch.Ziwar Al Nouri‬‬

‫ومحبة ال حدود لها ‪..‬‬ ‫إلى من عرفت معها معنى الحياة إلى والدتي العزيزة‪.‬‬ ‫علمني أن أرتقي سلم الحياة بحكمة وصبر إلى والدي العزيز‪.‬‬ ‫إلى من حبهم يجري في عروقي ويلهج بذكراهم فؤادي إلى أختي و أخي‪.‬‬ ‫إلى جدي و أقربائي الغاليين‪.‬‬ ‫إلى من سرنا سوياً ونحن نشق الطريق معاَ نحو النجاح واإلبداع إلى من كانوا معي على طريق النجاح‬ ‫والخير ‪.‬‬ ‫إلى روح جدي الطاهرة الذي أور��ني اسمه الكبير‪.‬‬ ‫المعماري محمد زوار النوري‬



M.Arch Ziwar Al Nouri- Master Thesis in Advanced Design and Digital Architecture