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Education startup expands to Mass. public schools





Uganda programs on hold

Food-related feelings.

Sophomores in Ezra Stiles college were treated to a rather eccentric study break from the Chaplaincy Fellows. At “Jelly Doughnuts and Journaling” last night, students got doughnuts, hot chocolate and a chance to write in their journals, presumably to make sense of all their doughnutrelated feelings.

Dem. Rep. of the Congo



University was excessively cautious in taking this step. “We don’t have a rule about a state’s political state or its policies, but the problem was the language and terms of the [Uganda] legislation — it’s explosive,” said Jane Edwards, dean of international and professional experience and Yale College senior associate dean.

In a move that will shake up the landscape of American college admissions, College Board President David Coleman announced Wednesday that his organization will fundamentally revamp the format of the SAT, the standardized college entrance test 1.6 million high school students took last year. Starting in the spring of 2016, the new SAT test will return to the 1600-point scale used before College Board adopted a 2400-point scale in 2006, Coleman said at an announcement event in Austin, Texas on Wednesday. Among other changes, the vocabulary section will employ more commonly used words, the essay section of the exam will become optional and College Board will offer low-income students four fee-waivers for SAT tests instead of two. Coleman said these reforms aim to level the playing field for students from different socioeconomic backgrounds. “The real news today is not just the redesigned SAT, but the College Board’s renewed commitment to delivering opportunity,” Coleman said at the announcement. Coleman said the new SAT will align




Kampala Everything and the kitchen sink basically is up for grabs

at the Yale Law School’s charity auction this week. Professor J.L. Pottenger and Frank Dineen are hosting “Celtic Whiskey Night.” Amy Chua and Jeb Rubenfeld are auctioning off a poker night at their house. Professor Vicki Schultz is offering a “swimming party, in Professor Schultz’ heated indoor swimming pool.” Economics professor Fiona Morton is available for a “coffee hour in which the winner gets to receive any microeconomics explanation he or she wants.” A Ruth Bader Ginsberg bobblehead is also being featured, among other priceless items befitting the nation’s top law school.


Uganda’s recent anti-gay legislation has led Yale administrators to suspend all College-affiliated projects to the country. BY RISHABH BHANDARI STAFF REPORTER Following the passage of anti-gay legislation in Uganda, Yale has suspended all sponsorship, credit and funding for undergraduate summer activities in that country. Last Monday, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda approved an anti-gay bill that has attracted widespread condemnation by the

international community. Following the bill’s passage, a committee of five Yale administrators met to discuss appropriate steps for the University and decided to suspend all Yale College-affiliated projects in Uganda. Administrators interviewed said the move was not intended as a form of institutional protest but rather as a precautionary measure to ensure undergraduate safety. But most students interviewed said they think the

SAT to see reforms

Southern comfort. The

Southern Society hosted a Mardi Gras celebration Wednesday night at Toad’s yesterday with a Mardi Gras celebration. Who knew Southern hospitality meant a dance party at Toad’s Place?

Paint by numbers. As part

of its newest STEM+Arts initiative, the Yale University Art Gallery is starting STEM Sketching Sessions. The sketching courses will teach skills applicable to drawing engine blueprints, human anatomy, as well as graphs of multivariable functions. The real question is: When will Sterling Chemistry Laboratory offer a session to teach humanities majors how to create works of art using chemicals?

Talk... or performance art?

The School of Art was treated to an avant-garde lecture on Wednesday with video artist Shana Moulton, who presented on her “psychedelic blend of photography, computer animation, opera and performance.”

From NYC to Cambridge.

Harvard University announced that former mayor of New York City Michael Bloomberg would be their 363rd commencement speaker. No word yet on if any college can snag Bill de Blasio.

Egg-streme measures. A

package containing suspicious material prompted emergency responses at Princeton this week. Twenty people were evacuated, four were quarantined. Fortunately, the substance turned out to be harmless powdered eggs.


1975 The Delta Kappa Epsilon house is purchased by the Association of Yale Alumni. Submit tips to Cross Campus


Grad students petition PWG BY HAILEY WINSTON STAFF REPORTER Graduate students are taking a stand against the short hours of operation at Payne Whitney Gymnasium. Because graduate students do not live in the residential colleges, their only access to a gym is Payne Whitney, which is open 92 hours per week, from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. Monday through Thursday, from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. on Friday and from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on weekends. The gym is open fewer hours per week than any other in the Ivy League. In comparison Harvard’s university-wide gym is open 108 hours per week and Princeton’s gym is open 126.5 hours per week. In September, the Graduate Stu-

dent Assembly (GSA) and Graduate and Professional Student Senate (GPSS) submitted a joint proposal to increase hours at Payne Whitney. Now, Yale administrators are looking into the costs of extending the gym’s hours later into the day. “In my conversations with student leadership, I have clarified with them that the issue is access to health facilities in general, and that increasing the hours at Payne Whitney is one way of achieving that goal,” said Secretary and Vice President for Student Life Kimberly Goff-Crews in an email. She added that her office is currently reviewing the proposal, after graduate and professional students have repeatedly called gym hours an


End-of-life thinker dies


Proposed research budget criticized BY MATTHEW LLOYD-THOMAS STAFF REPORTER Republicans are not the only ones disappointed by President Barack Obama’s Tuesday federal budget proposal for the 2015 fiscal year — universities and faculty members across the country have also directed their ire at the proposal’s suggested spending levels. The proposal is an ambitious, $3.9 trillion blueprint for a variety of progressive changes, including revisions to the national tax code and a push to expand pre-kindergarten education to more students. But to the chagrin of universities and researchers, the proposal does little to increase federal funding for scientific research, as it suggests a 0.7 percent increase to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) budget — not enough to keep pace with inflation. “Most of the medical-based research in the U.S. is funded by NIH, and thus when the NIH is hit by budget cuts,

research suffers,” said biological and biomedical sciences professor Todd Constable. Biomedical engineering professor Lawrence Staib, calling the NIH “the most successful federal program ever,” characterized the lack of funding as shortsighted.

When the NIH is hit by budget cuts, research suffers. TODD CONSTABLE Biology and biomedical sciences professor Although Obama proposed to support 329 more grants than last year and invest $100 million in a new brain research program, the total funding would not be enough to keep up with inflation. The proposed total also keeps SEE BUDGET PAGE 6


Sherwin Nuland MED ’55 passed away Monday in his home in Hamden, Conn. BY MATTHEW LLOYD-THOMAS AND HANNAH SCHWARZ STAFF REPORTERS Sherwin Nuland MED ’55, a Yale surgeon and one of the nation’s lead advocates of patient-directed endof-life care, died from prostate cancer on Monday at his home in Hamden, Conn. He was 83. Affectionately known as “Shep” to friends and colleagues, Nuland arrived at Yale Medical School in the early 1950s. Over six decades at the University, he established a reputation as a leading scholar, beloved teacher

and committed doctor. “Next to his family, his children and me, his feeling was that the most important thing he did was to take care of sick people — he loved it,” said Sarah Nuland, his wife of 37 years. “When he walked into a room where someone was not well, where someone was frightened, where someone was sick, he could change the temperature of the room and touch them and reassure them that he was there to help them in any way that he could.” Nuland was best known for his SEE NULAND PAGE 4




.COMMENT “Students who are not on financial aid also have their educations subsidized

Anonymity and the Ivy A

nonymity is undoubtedly the zeitgeist of Yale’s current social media activity. In the last few months, a fresh set of confession-centric pages has cropped up, most notably “Elihu Yale (Bulldog Admirers)” and “Yale Compliments II.” These pages offer students a platform to express admiration, respect and adoration for fellow students with a wide audience, minus the pressure or intimacy of signing their names. They’ve both taken off, with dozens of submissions that fill a spectrum from clever puns to sincere romance. There’s another anonymous platform, though, that’s slightly older and significantly more intense: Yale PostSecret. The site takes its name from the PostSecret community, an art project begun in 2005 in which anonymous individuals mail blogger Frank Warren their personal secrets on handmade postcards; the cards are then photographed for display on the project website. Yale PostSecret, like the original project, allows Yalies to make anonymous confessions via Google document for display on the platform’s Facebook wall. Unlike the original project, which moderated the postcards for artistry and sincerity, the Yale confessions range from intimate tragedies to bad one-liners. But with Internet anonymity, as we all heard in middle school, comes a number of concerns — and Yale PostSecret is certainly not exempt. A chance at invisibility, coupled with the promise of a wide audience, manifests itself in many forms: multi-paragraph monologues on feelings of desire, objections to campus stereotypes of full-tuition students, regrets about sexual relationships with teaching fellows. It’s also given rise to an alarming number of posts about suicidal ideations, lack of self-worth and episodes of humiliation. The heavier posts share a home with thoughts that make a mockery of the anonymous confession project: Right below a post confessing romantic infidelity is the status, “I kissed a squirrel and I liked it.” The anonymous platform seems like it has inherently good aims, and the opportunity to express personal strife isn’t necessarily dangerous or bad. Casper Daugaard ’13, a frequent commenter on Yale PostSecret statuses, says he is “sure that for every confession that someone makes, there are hundreds of other Yalies who feel the same way, about academics, sexual identity or an evil ex.” The responses to many confessions speak to the affirmative, with students — in this case no longer anonymous — echoing the sentiments of their peers. “It can be really comforting to see you’re not alone, and benefit from any advice folks post,” Daugaard says. Perhaps that’s the most insidious issue with this site and others like it, though: the propen-

sity of students to try taking on the roles of counselors and even psychologists for CAROLINE their peers. It’s benign POSNER enough to offer words Out of Line of comfort, assent, and appreciation in mild situations. The scenario is complicated, though, when students attempt to respond to posts like the several recent confessions of depression and suicidal thoughts. Some students smartly recommend outside resources like Walden and Yale Health. But emoticonriddled messages of compassion, well-intentioned as they may be, aren’t a substitute for real counseling; making a confession to Yale PostSecret cannot replace seeking a qualified counselor, therapist or psychiatrist. On the whole, though, it looks as though Daugaard is right — anonymous posts offer a means to express campus concerns and personal thoughts, and allow other students the assurance of knowing peers share their feelings and situations. The darker side of Yale PostSecret is certainly important, because it emphasizes the proportion of Yalies silently grappling with emotional suffering and can serve as a catalyst for further action to improve student well-being. It also provides a model for the kind of services better equipped to deal with these concerns. The relative ease and security of Internet communication have made live chat programs increasingly popular among emergency hotlines. If Yale Mental Health and other counseling institutions followed suit, perhaps we’d have a better concept of the numbers of students suffering and encourage better treatment practices. As for other topics of confession, I hope that the presence of difficult and controversial sentiments online doesn’t stop at Yale PostSecret, but can carry over into personal interactions. Though the anonymous forum might be a solid start for normalizing the discussion of issues like class and race, it’s limited to a small audience of subscribers and confined by the nature of Facebook commenting. These are the topics we need to pick up in our conversations about improving campus culture. Yale PostSecret can speak to the problems on students’ minds, but that’s not enough to make real progress. For that, we will need further conversations — ones that aren’t anonymous.

in some sense.”



Spring break’s conscience V

acations are a necessary breath in the Yale grind. Between midterms, symphony rehearsals, housing canvasses and sports practices, students need a break. Next week, I look forward to sitting on a beach and doing, well, nothing. I am going with my suitemates to Puerto Rico, a sunny island with not so sunny problems. A recent article in the New York Times compared Puerto Rico’s financial troubles to those found in Detroit. Only 41.3 percent of working-age Puerto Ricans have jobs. The government has incurred a $70 billion debt and the population is leaving at a greater rate than that of any state in the union. Despite the end of the 2008 recession, Puerto Rico continues to show little recovery. The market has done little to curb unemployment and many companies are leaving Puerto Rico to seek more dependable business in the United States. I know I’m not the only Yale student packing my bag and heading to Puerto Rico — some will vacation in countries facing even worse financial problems. But not all students are heading out with a vacationer’s guilt. Students who participate in programs like Slifka’s Alternative Spring Break or Reach Out will build houses or wells. The average spring breaker won’t.

But service trips should not be viewed as the perfect alternative to a typical spring break. While they have worthy intentions, they often create more the illusion of empowerment than any lasting change. They contribute to the belief that progress can happen overnight, when such change requires years of commitment, not a two-week trip of Ivy League do-gooders. The true merit of these programs is their potential to make a student aware of the misery found in communities near and far. A friend of mine suggested that I should vacation at a different place to avoid a confrontation with my conscience. By visiting Puerto Rico, I am implicitly supporting the exploitative institutions that created the country’s economic troubles. I will spend money enriching the powerbrokers and lawmakers who refuse to create taxes, social programs or businesses that employ lowincome Puerto Ricans. Tourist money merely strengthens their political and economic power. But avoiding Puerto Rico — or any other exploitative community, including those in New Haven — fails to provide a decent solution too. Like the service trips, boycotting economically depressed areas provides only the illusion of impact. Not shopping at Walmart makes me feel better,

but without collective action, my purchase of a Goodwill flannel will have little effect on wages and working conditions. The fight against economic injustice requires a longer and more deliberate effort than either service trips or personal boycotts can provide. But that doesn’t need to be an effort that consumes someone’s entire life, changing all one’s daily routines. In my dream world, I would love nothing more than for all Yale students to become full-time activists. But that pie-in-thesky dream will never exist. As a senior, I know that most graduating Yale students will pursue careers in consulting, finance and information technology. Thankfully, one doesn’t need to be an activist to fight economic injustice — anyone can weave socially conscious practices into their daily lives. My mom reminds me that you need good people in all jobs, including bankers on Wall Street. Otherwise, the system will continue to take advantage of people excluded from power; we need people in all jobs to enforce basic fairness. Bankers can avoid risky lending practices that sink the entire economy. Consultants can make recommendations that boost employment opportunities. Computer scientists can create programs that improve

nonprofit organizations and government programs. We all participate in systems that exploit, sometimes without even realizing it — we tour economically troubled countries, we shop at stores with unfair labor practices and we attend college in a city fraught with inequities. But we can’t combat guilt with short-term solutions, like service trips. We need to make a devotion to fairness a part of everything we do, a lasting state of mind. Next week, when I go to Puerto Rico, I won’t be doing service with Reach Out. But I will be talking to locals, learning about their backgrounds and taking their stories as an impetus to fight economic injustice. As some of us filter out of New Haven this week and return at the end of March, I hope we remember what we are going to encounter. I hope we bring back those snapshots from abroad — not to make us feel guilty, but simply to make us aware. We don’t need to go far from New Haven to find want, either. I hope that no matter where we go, or even if we stay on campus, we return from spring break committed anew to basic decency. WILL KRONICK is a senior in Silliman College. Contact him at william. .


Things unseen

CAROLINE POSNER is a freshman in Berkeley College. Her columns run on Thursdays. Contact her at . ANNELISA LEINBACH/ILLUSTRATIONS EDITOR

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t’s hard to picture, right? When someone studies abroad in Buenos Aires or Rome or Beijing, there is an associated imagery that friends and family can call to mind, a basic recognition of extravagant food or sweeping architecture or colorful dances. Whether or not these are stereotypes, they provide a foundation for shared excitement and inquiry — is the pasta really that good? Have you visited Insert Famous Place? How’s the nightlife? But when I tell someone I’m studying abroad in the West Bank — or to put it more shockingly, in Palestine — it’s a different story. What can anyone picture? Inevitably, most minds will jump to images the media provides: barbed wire, a concrete wall, angry young men with stones. Military trucks against a field of olive trees. This imagery is real, of course. But it doesn’t offer a foundation for any meaningful conversation, for any inquiry beyond the shallow “Wait, is that safe?” that people love to toss at me. And so it’s my responsibility to fill in the pictures, to push people beyond their initial perceptions, to share the excitement of my life here. But where

do I start? I struggle, and I have put off writing this piece, mainly because I don’t know exactly what I want to tell people. Like anyone reporting from abroad, I want you to see the images you don’t typically see in newspapers and online, the pictures that don’t come to mind — but in the case of Palestine, that category is huge and heavy. First of all, you don’t see the Palestinian step aerobics class, where women in hijab leap in the air alongside women in tank tops and old men in tracksuits. They count alternately in English and Arabic, bobbing and sweating to top hits from the “Slumdog Millionaire” soundtrack. You don’t see the 10-year-olds building Lego robots in their after school clubs, or the high school kids trying on dresses. You don’t see the people camped out in coffee shops with their newspapers and laptops, or the cozy cobblestone rotundas adorned with Christmas trees in winter. You don’t see my host family’s little dog Honey dressed in her pink sweater, or the girl next to me on the bus jamming to Kanye. A good part of me wants to focus on these mundane images, to retaliate against people’s skepticism of my safety with a

barrage of normalcy, emphasizing what I really shouldn’t have to — that the West Bank is a place full of ordinary people doing ordinary things. This is true of course. But it isn’t the only aspect of Palestine that I can or should share, because to do so would be to neglect another category of things unseen. The green West Bank IDs, for instance, that so many of my friends carry in their wallets, preventing them from driving a mere 20 kilometers to visit Jerusalem. The rows of turnstiles and metal detectors that those individuals who can visit the city must pass through on the way there. The blonde teenager who hops onto the bus in her IDF uniform, her rifle swinging just two feet from an old woman’s face. The students, my classmates, running for cover as the military showers tear gas and rubber bullets onto our campus, classes interrupted and windows shattered at the whim of some soldiers. These things aren’t ordinary by any means. But they are an equally significant part of daily life here, such that to recount the quotidian inevitably touches on both the mundane and the wholly unjust. This fact carries

its own associated tragedy, for it means that a restricted and precarious state of living has been normalized to some extent, has stagnated to the point that the barbed wire and the military vans can form as much a part of your daily routine as the aerobics class. So maybe this is what I want to tell people for now. That this place is alive and ordinary in the face of oppression, but that this doesn’t mean that we can simply accept the status quo. The mundane aspects of life in the West Bank should instead remind us that nothing with the weary label “Israeli-Palestinian” occurs in a political vacuum, nor in constant sweeping violence, but rather in the context of real people and daily life. Caught in the simultaneous swirl of the wholly ordinary and the wholly unacceptable, there are ID cards and sweater-wearing dogs and cobblestones and tear gas and newspapers and gyms and Legos and olive trees and universities. So picture that. ALLISON MANDEVILLE is a junior in Jonathan Edwards College. Contact her at allison.mandeville@ .




“Physical fitness is not only one of the most important keys to a healthy body, it is the basis of dynamic and creative intellectual activity.” JOHN F. KENNEDY 35TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES


The article “Festival helps undergraduate playwrights” incorrectly referred to the mentors as “faculty mentors,” when in fact only half the mentors also teach at Yale.

Yale Dining migrates to new platform

Federal tribal recognition debated BY SEBASTIAN MEDINA-TAYAC AND ABIGAIL BESSLER STAFF REPORTERS Connecticut leaders, including Gov. Dannel Malloy, are opposing a federal proposal that would streamline the process of three American Indian tribes gaining federal recognition, citing economic consequences. The proposal, announced last year by Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs Kevin Washburn, would allow certain tribes to reapply for federal recognition under newer guidelines to “improve timeliness and efficiency” of the application process. Under the existing regulations, only tribes who could prove continuous political and social organization since the 1600s would qualify for federal recognition. The new regulations, if implemented, would expedite the recognition process for tribes who already possess state recognition and state-allotted land. Of the over 350 Indian groups that have petitioned for federal recognition in the country, only 10 have state-recognized reservations. Three of these are located in Connecticut. All three have been rejected by the Bureau of Indian Affairs under its current guidelines for recognition: the Schaghticoke of Kent, the Eastern Pequot of North Stonington and the Paugussett of Colchester and Trumbull. For these tribes, federal recognition represents an opportunity to re-establish themselves as sovereign nations and gain access to federal resources for healthcare and economic development grants to which tribes are entitled.

Recognition opens doors in the sense that it would enable us to get federal funding and assistance. TRUDIE LAMB RICHMOND Anthropologist, Schaghticoke Tribal Nation Trudie Lamb Richmond, the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation’s anthropologist, said that under the current system of state recognition, her people are treated like “second-class citizens.” “Recognition opens doors in the sense that it would enable us to get federal funding and assistance,” Richmond said. “We need to be able to expand the reservation, perhaps recuperate some of the land we lost so more tribal members move back on the reservation and we can set up the kind of economic development we need to be self-sufficient.” The Schaghticoke reservation, which the Colony of Connecticut established in 1736, is among the oldest in the nation. Since then, settler encroachment has reduced the reservation from its original size of 3,000 acres to its present size of 400 acres, 385 of which are mountainous, Richmond said. Despite the longevity of their existence, the Bureau of Indian affairs rejected the Schaghticokes, along with the Eastern Pequots and the Paugussetts, in 2005 under the current federal recognition guidelines, which require tribes to demonstrate that they have been a continuous political and social community since “first contact.” The Bureau of Indian Affairs granted acknowledgement to the Eastern Pequots and the Schaghticokes in 2002 by arguing that the state’s maintenance of reservations meant they constituted a political and social community, but the state reversed the decision in 2005 by appealing to the Interior Board of Indian Appeals. Gov. Malloy, who wrote a letter to the president arguing that the new proposal holds outstanding negative consequences for Con-

necticut, has received support from Attorney General George Jepsen and the state’s Congressional delegation. “For Connecticut, the consequences would be devastating,” Malloy wrote. “The petitioning groups have filed or threatened land claims to vast areas of fully developed land in Connecticut. Such claims can cloud the title to real property in the claimed area, causing significant economic hardship to Connecticut residents.” Malloy added that federal recognition for the three tribes would mean “extraordinary new demands” on the state’s infrastructure. Jeffrey Sienkiewicz, the Kent town attorney who has been fighting land claims brought forth by the Schaghticoke tribe, said he believes the Schaghticokes have no legal basis for federal recognition. “The regulations as proposed have departed from all of the history of what constitutes an Indian tribe,” he said. “All the judicial precedent and administrative precedent was thrown out the window. They’re going to create tribes where none exists just because it’s a bunch of people with Indian descent.” Local tribal leaders, though, argue that the Bureau of Indian Affairs’ old system for federal acknowledgement was unfair and holds that recognition will not negatively impact the state’s economy. Richmond said proving continuous political authority is difficult because in the period between 1800 and 1875, economic desperation forced many of the men from the tribe to join the military or move to towns to find work. Anya Montiel GRD’18, a doctoral student in American Studies at Yale, said that the current criteria the Bureau of Indian Affairs has in place is “very slanted against East Coast tribes,” because they do not take into account centuries of contact and political dealings with other European colonial forces — in this case the English. She said a re-examination of these criteria would benefit peoples who are struggling to regain their lands and maintain their cultures. For Jim Rawlings, president of the Connecticut Native American Intertribal Urban Council and a Seaconke Wampanoag elder, the controversy demonstrates ongoing violations of Native sovereignty and treaty rights that predate the United States. “Why is it that our future is in the hands of third parties and local governance? Many tribes here have had to adapt and move around to survive because of the warfare the colonists waged,” he said. “It should be us, not them, to decide who is recognized. We have our own definitions.” An expedited recognition process, he said, would be very helpful, as some tribes have had to litigate for as long as 30 years for their recognition. Opponents of the proposal worry that the federal government’s recognition of these three tribes might grant them the legal grounds to open casinos, which could impact agreements between the state government and Connecticut’s two other federally recognized tribes, the Mohegans and the Mashantucket Pequots. “The state would likely be required to renegotiate the established compacts with the state’s two federally recognized tribes should additional gambling be established, including new casinos,” said Jacklyn Falkowski, spokesperson for the Connecticut Attorney General. There are currently 566 federally recognized tribes in the United States. Contact SEBASTIAN MEDINATAYAC at and ABIGAIL BESSLER at .


Yale Dining is working with CardSmith to manage information about the around 14,000 meals per day through a cloud-based software. BY LARRY MILSTEIN STAFF REPORTER Yale Dining has moved its data and processing to the cloud. Last summer, Yale Dining began working with CardSmith — a transaction solutions company that serves educational institutions — to migrate information gathered from roughly 14,000 meals per day in the University’s 23 dining institutions onto a cloud-based software. The shift, which has taken place over several months, has allowed Yale Dining to set up easier meal plan management and enable a “FastTrack” mobile application that provides students with live data about the relative occupancy of dining halls. Other benefits of the new technology include easier credit card reading capacity, improved reporting capabilities, service tracking and integration with the menu management system, Director of Residential Dining

Cathy van Dyke said in an email. “We are always looking at applying new technologies which will help us to deliver better customer service or to run our operations more efficiently,” she said. Van Dyke said Yale Dining had been working on improving its systems since 2009, but new technology has been introduced on a gradual scale. Components of the new system debuted during 2013 Commencement, and the entire system premiered later in the summer. Still, some transaction capabilities will continue to be integrated to make the system more robust, van Dyke added. Donna Franklin, vice president of marketing and communications for CardSmith, said in a Feb. 18 statement that in addition to providing the baseline services to Yale, the multi-year agreement includes provisions for customized service, including the “FastTrack” application. But students have reported

mixed experiences with the application, noting that its conveniences can often be overshadowed by some technical inefficiencies. “I used to just use it to see what the menus were, but after a while I just stopped because the food never was what it actually said it was,” Katayon Ghassemi ’16 said. “It would be sort of accurate, but the one thing I would want would not actually be at the dining hall.” Some students use the application to decide whether or not to swipe into a dining hall at all. Alirio Demeireles ’15 said he often uses the application to see if he will be greeted with a “good meal or a bad meal” when he enters a dining hall. Alice Li ’14 said that though she often looks at the application, its listings usually do not change where she decides to eat. Still, she added that the new technology seems like an improvement for Yale Dining. Adrienne Gau ’17 said the

application is helpful in showing how crowded a dining hall will be, but she added that it does not necessarily indicate food quality. With the new technology, van Dyke said students are now able to access CardSmith’s online meal plan portal, which provides students with their balances, transaction history and Eli Bucks account — an improvement to the home-built website upon which Yale previously relied. Although van Dyke declined to provide the specific cost incurred from the partnership with CardSmith due to contractual terms, she said the final agreement reflected the eagerness of the vendor to work with Yale. Yale Dining offers four main meal plan options for undergraduates, including the Anytime Meal Plan, the Full Meal Plan, the Any 14 Meal Plan and the Kosher Meal Plan. Contact LARRY MILSTEIN at .

Yale education startup expands BY ADRIAN RODRIGUES AND RACHEL SIEGEL STAFF REPORTERS Less than five years after graduating from high school themselves, several Yale alumni will use data analytics to improve teaching and learning in Massachusetts public schools. In 2012, Aaron Feuer ’13, Xan Tanner ’13 and David Carel ’13 founded Panorama Education, a technology startup that works with over 4,500 K-12 schools to distribute detailed surveys, analyze the results and report findings back to the institutions. Five months after receiving $4 million in funding from investors including Mark Zuckerberg’s Startup: Education foundation, Panorama Education has now been awarded a contract by the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (ESE) to conduct a pilot program with the state’s schools, according to a Monday press release. As a part of the partnership, Panorama Education will survey 17,000 students, teachers and administrators to find datadriven solutions to issues like school safety, academic performance and faculty support. “Because it’s a pilot, we’re involved in shaping the future education in the state,” said Jessica Cole ’12, partnerships director for Panorama Education. “There are even more students and teachers and staff members who are being able to get feedback than ever before.” According to Cole, this pilot program will give Panorama Education greater access to a wide range of Massachusetts schools, from technical high schools to special needs institutions. Cole said the most important part of the initiative will be surveying a large number of students, teachers and staff members to get enough feedback to make a difference. Since ESE plans to administer surveys statewide in the 2014-’15 school year, Feuer said he hopes Massachusetts will use Panorama Education’s surveys for this initiative. By breaking down survey respondents along socioeconomic strata, linguistic


Panorama Education, co-founded by Aaron Feuer ’13, has been awarded a contract with the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. skill or gender, Panorama Education surveys can yield important information, said Gabe Friedman ’10, outreach coordinator for the company. “We really want to make a difference in schools, and we use technology to help schools” Feuer said. “I can’t wait to continue moving in that direction.” In October 2013, Panorama Education announced it had raised $4 million in funding from investors including Startup: Education, SoftTech VC, Google Ventures, YCombinator, the Yale Entrepreneurial Institute and Ashton Kutcher’s A-Grade Investments. “We continue to be excited [about Panorama Education],” said Erika Smith, Deputy Director of the Yale Entrepreneurial Institute, adding that Panorama Education was part of YEI’s 2012 summer fellowship program.

“They’re just making incredible traction in the market.” Panorama Education employees interviewed all highlighted the rapid growth of the firm. In five months, the company has nearly doubled its workforce, from seven to 13 employees. Tanner said with the bigger team and more experience, the company is starting to hit its stride and build on its foundation. “I think that it starts with providing the feedback and data in a structured way,” he said. “Our goal is that our reports are providing information and feedback to teachers that is clear and really lets them dive into what their students are saying about them. When you look through the responses that students give, its amazing the trends that you see.” Cole said one of the chal-

lenges the company faces is determining exactly which questions to include in surveys. Though this level of detail may sound mundane to those not involved, Cole said questions chosen carefully yield the most telling responses. Jacob Evelyn ’13, a software engineer for Panorama Education, said he got involved as a means of working helping others through computer science. Evelyn said one of the most unique opportunities about working for the relatively small company is that he gets to handle jobs that at larger firms would be given to senior engineers. Panorama Education is based in Boston, Mass. Contact ADRIAN RODRIGUES at and RACHEL SIEGEL at .




“Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable.” GEORGE ORWELL ENGLISH WRITER

Grad students argue for longer PWG hours PAYNE WHITNEY FROM PAGE 1 important issue. The GSA and GPSS joint proposal suggested leaving the gym open later on weekends — until 8 p.m. on Saturdays, and 11 p.m. on Sundays. Residential college gyms, on the other hand, are open 24 hours. “Extending hours is something we’ve been pushing for some time,” said Graduate Student Assembly President Brian Dunican GRD ’15. “It’s an important part of quality of life and ties into our concerns about mental health and wellness.” GPSS Advocacy Chair Lauren Tilton GRD ’16 said most graduate students do not have a place to work out in the evenings on weekends. Students at the School of Management and Medical School on the other hand, have access to gyms with extended hours at their respective schools. Tilton added that the GPSS consistently hears negative feedback about gym hours, which made the issue a priority this year. “There shouldn’t be a disparity in access to different populations,” Tilton said. “We’re getting a lot of feedback from graduate and professional students that hours weren’t long enough.” The GPSS and GSA joint proposal suggested extending Payne Whitney hours to 109 hours per week, the same number of hours that Dartmouth’s gym is open. To determine if graduate students would use additional hours at Payne Whitney, the GPSS and GSA tested extended hours on Thursdays last November, said GSA Facilities and Healthcare Committee Chair Michelle Kriner GRD ’16. The number of graduate students attending these extended hours increased from 60 to 177 per night over the course of the month. Jose Gutierrez NUR ’16 said he would be more inclined to use Payne Whitney on the weekends if it were open later at night. “A lot of people have more free time on the weekends and could probably use it to utilize the gym,” Gutierrez said. Yale College students also expressed enthusiasm at the prospect of extended gym hours. Jeemin Kwon ’17 said she prefers working out in Payne Whitney rather than in the residential college gyms. “There’s more equipment, it’s less crowded, and it has a better atmosphere,” Kwon said. “They should totally extend hours. I would love to work out after five on Saturdays and Sundays.” The proposal would extend Payne Whitney’s open hours by roughly 15 percent. Contact HAILEY WINSTON at .


The Office of Student Life is reviewing a proposal initiated by graduate students that would extend hours at PWG.

Anti-homosexuality law sparks concern UGANDA FROM PAGE 1 Although media attention around the bill has focused on the fact that it bans homosexual activity, the language of the Anti-Homosexual Law also permits the imprisonment for up to seven years of anyone who “attempts to promote or in any way abets homosexuality and related practices.” Edwards said the committee — which comprises representatives from the General Counsel’s office, The MacMillan Center, the Office of International Affairs, and the Center for International and Professional Experience — made their decision upon receiving both recommendations from the State Department and MEDex, a private firm that advises the University on managing travel risk and safety. On Friday, the State Department released a statement advising U.S. citizens to reconsider their travel plans to Uganda because the Embassy in Kampala could not confidently predict how strictly the law will be implemented. Though many countries have antigay legislation on the books, Edwards said the rhetoric and zeal surrounding Uganda’s legislative debate have made it difficult for the University to assess how intensely the law will be enforced with regards to foreigners. “According to this bill, you could be prosecuted if you even just support LGBT rights,” said Director of Undergraduate Services Jeanine Dames. Both Edwards and Dames expressed disappointment that College-affiliated internships and programs were suspended at a time when Yale’s footprint in both Uganda and Africa more broadly was growing. But they added that if time proved that it was relatively safe to work in Uganda, Yale would reinstate its programs. Although administrators at the graduate schools were consulted on the decision to suspend summer activities in Uganda, no similar embargo has been adopted by Yale’s graduate schools. Tracy Rabin, co-director of a bilateral exchange program between the Yale

School of Medicine and the Makerere University in Uganda, said the School of Medicine will continue sending medical students, residents and faculty to Uganda despite the moral concerns that the new law raises. “Although I understand the issues raised, I don’t believe this will be a security concern for us because we have prepared our folks to be culturally competent,” Rabin said, adding that in every orientation program she stresses to her students that Uganda is a culturally conservative society. “I also understand that undergraduate institutions need to be more cautious in sending out students.” Edwards said the contrasting approaches taken by the graduate schools and Yale College represent the broader differences between the undergraduate and graduate experiences. If a graduate student’s focus revolves around issues in Uganda, summer travel there would be unavoidable, she said.

The problem was the language and the terms of the [Uganda] legislation — it’s explosive. JANE EDWARDS Senior associate dean, Yale College But three students who either applied for or were considering internships in Uganda said the University was being excessively cautious. “I’m a little confused because I’m not sure how anti-gay legislation would translate to a security risk for people,” Michelle Angwenyi ’16 said. Javan Felix ’16, a student from Kenya, said part of the decision might stem from broader misconceptions that people in America have about Africa. He added that many of his friends believe the stereotype that all parts of Africa are very dangerous places to live and work. Edwards said that whenever the

University makes these calculations, there is invariably a balance between risk and common sense. At this point in the timetable, when students still have ample time to change their summer plans, Edwards said it made sense for the University to be cautious. But if this law had been passed during the summer while undergraduates were already working in Uganda, the University would not have pulled the students out, she explained. Dames said that although it was unfortunate that UCS had to terminate the three Uganda-based internships it had already posted on Symplicity, she is grateful that it is still early enough in the year for students to find alternate experiences. UCS has recently expanded its sponsored opportunities in other African countries such as Ghana and South Africa, she added. Dames added that her office will make a concentrated effort to help students whose plans have been disrupted by the news find other opportunities. Three students interviewed who worked in Uganda last summer said they had valuable experiences and expressed regret that these internships are not available this year. “I really enjoyed my time in Uganda, I learned a lot and it was a very unique experience,” Connor Buechler ’15 said. Still, Sarah Rosales ’14 said students could gain many of the same insights by interning in another country in East Africa. Johanna Barba ’13, who worked with UNICEF in Uganda last summer, said it was unlikely the law would affect expatriates because they are often held to a different moral standard. Even when Uganda’s legislature was debating whether to make homosexuality a capital offense last summer, Barba said she never felt threatened. Eight undergraduates had internships or fellowships in Uganda last summer. Contact RISHABH BHANDARI at .

Surgeon, teacher remembered NULAND FROM PAGE 1 1994 book “How We Die: Reflections on Life’s Final Chapter.” The book provided an intimate account of six common fatal diseases from the perspectives of patients, families and doctors. “How We Die,” a New York Times bestseller, National Book Award winner and finalist for the Pulitzer Prize, discussed the deaths of Nuland’s brother, aunt and a longtime patient in painting an honest picture of the end of life. “His imprint on the end of life field was absolutely seminal,” said Thomas Duffy, a professor of medicine at the Yale School of Medicine, who knew Nuland through his work and family life. “His book literally blew open the dialogue [on palliative care].” Linda Morrison, the director of hospice and palliative medicine education at the Yale School of Medicine, said the book is widely read among those in hospice and palliative care. Barbara Coombs Lee, the President of Compassion and Choices, a nonprofit that advocates for and helps patients seek physician-assisted suicide, said that “How We Die” helped people talk honestly about death. Nuland’s work on death shaped the way he approached the end of his own life. “He died the way he lived, with honesty,” his wife said. “He didn’t want to leave life, he loved life and the world that he lived in.” In addition to his scholarly and medical work, Nuland stood out as a teacher at Yale College. For several years, he taught a freshman seminar on the history of scientific medicine that received excellent reviews from his students. Nuland taught last fall, even during his illness. His wife described his teaching at Yale as “an integral part of his life.” “He has definitely been my role model of what a doctor should be,” said Jenny Wu ’15, who took Nuland’s freshman seminar. “That class I will always think of very fondly as the reason I’m still pre-med. Every time I want to quit,

I think of that class.” Although he spent the better part of six decades at Yale, his life started in a very different place. Born Shepsel Ber Nudelman in the Bronx in 1930, Nuland’s upbringing was marked by illness. He was hospitalized for diphtheria, a bacterial respiratory infection, at age three and his mother died of colon cancer was he was eleven. His father, an Orthodox Jew who could not read English, suffered from what Nuland would later realize was chronic syphilis. In kindergarten, Nuland adopted the first name Sherwin, and changed his last name to Nuland during high school. After receiving his bachelor’s degree from New York University in 1951, Nuland came to Yale Medical School, where he decided to specialize in surgery. He graduated in 1955, and quickly rose through the ranks of Yale-New Haven Hospital, becoming the chief surgical resident in 1958. His time at Yale was not without setbacks. In the early 1970s, Nuland was institutionalized for over a year due to severe depression. After receiving electroshock therapy, Nuland eventually recovered. Nuland served as a surgeon at YaleNew Haven Hospital until 1992, when he turned his full attention to writing and teaching. Over the next two decades, he published an array of books on aging, death and medical history, as well as contributing to both “The American Scholar” and “The New Republic.” “His death diminished our community in a very significant way,” Duffy said. “He was a marvelous spokesperson for all that is good in the care of our patients.” In addition to his wife, he is survived by his four children and four grandchildren. Contact MATTHEW LLOYD-THOMAS at and HANNAH SCHWARZ at .




“Only in our dreams are we free. The rest of the time we need wages.” TERRY PRATCHETT ENGLISH AUTHOR

Obama: wage bump “common sense”


President Barack Obama, joined by Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy along three other liberal New England governors, spoke to a crowd at Central Connecticut State University to garner support for a minimum wage raise. BY ISAAC STANLEY-BECKER STAFF REPORTER NEW BRITAIN, Conn. — Taking his campaign for a higher federal minimum wage on the road Wednesday, President Barack Obama told 3,000 students and audience members at Central Connecticut State University that “it is time to give America a raise.” “It’s not bad business to do right by your workers, it’s good business,” Obama said to applause, which punctuated the 30-minute, campaignstyle address. “It’s just common sense.” On the heels of the unveiling of a 2015 budget proposal that declared “opportunity” the focal point of his agenda, Obama said a wage hike is a matter of basic fairness and common sense. Letting wages stagnate as prices continue to rise amounts to a pay cut, Obama said. He estimated that raising the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour would lift wages for nearly 28

million people across the country — 200,000 in Connecticut alone. At the same time, it would boost business, Obama said. He described a “virtuous cycle” in which better-compensated workers spend more money, increasing the profits of businesses and thus allowing them to hire more workers. Where the federal minimum wage currently stands — at $7.25 an hour — too many Americans are working 40-hour weeks only to raise their families in poverty, Obama said. “Nobody who works full-time should ever have to raise a family in poverty,” Obama said. “That violates a basic sense of who we are.” Obama was joined on stage by U.S. Labor Secretary Tom Perez and four progressive New England governors, all of whom have pushed for a higher minimum wage within their states: Dannel Malloy of Connecticut, Deval Patrick of Massachusetts, Lincoln Chafee of Rhode Island and Peter

Shumlin of Vermont. Obama praised their efforts and said it is incumbent on states and localities — in addition to businesses — to push for higher wages. He singled out Gap and Costco as two “profitable companies” that have boosted productivity by increasing their workers’ wages. Twenty-two states and the District of Columbia have pressed for higher statewide minimum wage requirements. The state of Washington currently leads the pack with a $9.32-an-hour minimum. Connecticut’s wage floor is slated to rise to $9 an hour in 2015 and could go as high as $10.10 by 2017 if Malloy’s latest proposal gains the approval of the General Assembly. The Labor and Public Employees Committee passed the measure on Tuesday on a partyline vote. Obama told the crowd he has sought means to increase wages federally despite a recalcitrant U.S. Congress. By executive order, Obama raised the minimum wage last month for federal

workers on new contracts to $10.10 beginning in 2015. Further changes require legislative cooperation, he said, urging Congress to pass a bill sponsored by Senator Tom Harkin of Iowa and Representative George Miller of California to raise the minimum wage to $10.10 and index the figure to the rate of inflation. “If we’re going to finish the job, Congress has to get on board,” Obama said. He criticized congressional Republicans for placing partisanship over popular opinion: “Maybe I should say I oppose raising the minimum wage and they’d be for it.” Obama also cited a Quinnipiac University poll indicating that three quarters of voters support boosting the minimum wage. Popular support notwithstanding, White House aides and Congressional Democrats said the best way to beat back the perception that Democrats are using the minimum wage as an electoral wedge issue is to pass the increase long before the midterm elec-

tions. “Pass it right now,” Gene Sperling, director of the said on a conference call with reporters. “If people don’t think it should be a political issue, pass it quickly, pass it early.” A $10.10 minimum wage would affect 21.4 percent of workers, Sperling added, up from the five percent currently earning the $7.25 minimum. He parried Republican claims of job loss by saying the increase would be salutary for economic demand. Malloy, who introduced the president at CCSU on Wednesday, has emerged as a national spokesman in the minimum wage debate following his disagreement with Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal outside the White House last month. When Jindal said Obama’s economic agenda represented the “white flag of surrender,” Malloy came to the president’s defense. “As I look around this room, I don’t see anyone waiving a white flag. Bobby Jindal didn’t make it to Connecticut,” Mal-

loy said Wednesday to a burst of applause. “I absolutely believe, as you do, that if you work 40 hours a week, you should not be living in poverty in Connecticut or in any other state.” Not all Connecticut politicians in the audience Wednesday agreed with Obama’s economic reasoning. New Britain Mayor Erin Stewart said she was “honored” to host the president but called a bump in the minimum wage a “quick fix” and an unsustainable solution to poverty, a problem she said she is familiar with addressing in post-industrial town. Before his remarks at CCSU, Obama dined at Café Beauregard. He ordered a Korean beef sandwich and chili. “We’re very proud of these governors. And with that, let me eat,” Obama told media before sitting down for lunch. Contact ISAAC STANLEY BECKER at .

ROIA courts Yalies with secret menu BY J.R REED STAFF REPORTER Thanks to a new partnership between downtown French and Italian restaurant ROIA and the Yale Epicurean, Yalies could find a new way to celebrate the start of the weekend. Last Thursday, ROIA officially launched a partnership with the Yale Epicurean, an undergraduate magazine dedicated to food, to offer a weekly prix fixe secret menu designed specifically for Yalies. ROIA first opened at 261 College St. in late March 2013, but has not attracted a large number of undergraduates in its first 11 months, according to owner and chef Avi Szapiro, so he reached out to Lucas Sin ’15, the co-editorin-chief of the Epicurean, in hopes of finding a menu that would appeal to students. If Yale students provide their student ID any Thursday, they receive a special three-course prix fixe menu at the reduced price of $35 per person. Epicurean co-Editor-in-Chief Earl Lee ’15 said the magazine partnered with the restaurant to promote fine dining and support the local restaurant industry. “The idea is to try to get New Haven restaurants more involved with the Yale community and get more Yalies exposed to fine dining and better cuisine,” Lee said.


Lee said Yale Dining connected the Epicurean with ROIA’s owner. He added that ROIA is the first restaurant the magazine has partnered with, but that they are interested in partnering with more restaurants in the future.

The idea is to try to get New Haven restaurants more involved with the Yale community. EARL LEE Co-Editor-in-Chief, the Epicurean The Epicurean also co-hosted a pasta-making workshop with ROIA two weeks ago to heighten students’ awareness of the restaurant. Of 20 students interviewed, only four had heard of ROIA. “I think the events will help attract more Yale students, because not many people have heard of ROIA before this,” Lee said. “It’s not one of those really staple restaurants in New Haven, like Barcelona or Union League — it’s relatively new.” Szapiro, a native of Bogota, Colombia, said he was attracted to New Haven because of the “good


sense of community,” adding that he believes a “renaissance” is taking place in the Elm City. While he said he has appreciated receiving guidance from other restaurateurs while he was starting his business, specifically mentioning Caseus owner Jason Sobocinski, Miya’s Sushi owner Bun Lai and New Haven farms, he has not been able to attract Yale students. The owner hopes to create a relaxed, comfortable environment that will appeal to college students. The waiters sport jeans and he chose not to cover the tables with tablecloths to “keep it casual” at the restaurant, Szapiro said. “Avi likes to describe ROIA as fun, light, casual dining,” ROIA Consultant Danyel Aversenti said. “Some restaurants offer students a 10 percent discount, but we didn’t think that would create long-lasting customers,” Szapiro said. “We did not think that many businesses were working closely with Yale, and we think that we can offer students certain items they can’t find in the dining hall.” Thai Pan Asian, Barnes and Noble Café and Zaroka are among the restaurants offering 10 percent student discounts. Contact J.R REED at .



ROIA’s weekly prix fixe menu was created in partnership with the Yale Epicurean in an effort to attract more college students.




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“If my future were determined just by my performance on a standardized test, I wouldn’t be here. I guarantee you that.” MICHELLE OBAMA FIRST LADY OF THE UNITED STATES

SAT to return to 1600 point scale SAT FROM PAGE 1

Maximum possible score Current 2400 points New 1600 points

Time limit

Guessing penalty

Current 205 minutes

Current 1 / 4 point

New 180 minutes

Optional sections Current No optional sections

New No penalty

New 1 optional section

NIH budget remains low BUDGET FROM PAGE 1 the NIH’s budget below what is was before sequestration, the acrossthe-board federal budget cuts implemented in 2013. In tune with many faculty members, universities have expressed broad dissatisfaction with the funding levels in the proposed budget. “Increases of around one percent are not enough to sustain the pace of discovery that will drive innovation and gains in health and quality of life,” said Associate Vice President for Federal Relations Richard Jacob. “The proposal for NIH is particularly problematic, because it is still below its budget from as far back as [fiscal year] 2011.” Jacob’s sentiment was broadly echoed by other universities. On Tuesday, the Association of American Universities (AAU), an association of 62 leading research universities that includes Yale, released a statement chastising the levels of research funding in the proposed budget. The AAU also pointed to a 6.9 percent decrease in basic research spending for the U.S. Defense

Department as particularly problematic.

Increases of … one percent are not enough to sustain the pace of discovery that will drive innovation. RICHARD JACOB Assoc. V.P., Yale Office of Federal Relations Constable said currently, only one in 10 submitted grant proposals eventually receive funding: when he started in the field of medical research, 24 percent of proposals were funded. Constable described three negative outcomes from what he characterized as a “brutal funding environment.” Many outstanding proposals do not receive any funding and researchers now spend the bulk of their time writing grant proposals instead of actually doing research, he said. The lack of funding also results in a “brain drain” in which researchers leave the U.S. to pursue their

work, he said. Biomedical engineering professor James Duncan, who has utilized NIH funding in the past, said that while he was disappointed by the proposed NIH budget, he was encouraged by an increase in the budget of the National Science Foundation, which also provides grants for research. Still, Obama’s budget proposal is considered unlikely to pass Congress in its current form. House Speaker John Boehner called it Obama’s “most irresponsible budget yet” and congressional Republicans have lined up against the proposal. The budget, they claim, does not do enough to rein in federal spending. Although it criticized the proposal’s funding for research, the AAU nevertheless applauded the budget’s decision proposed spending for financial aid for students pursuing higher education. Under Obama’s proposal, the NIH would support 9,326 grants, a small increase over last year’s number. Contact MATTHEW LLOYDTHOMAS at .

more closely with what is currently taught in high school curriculums. The reforms to the test will reduce the advantage that affluent students receive through intense coaching and private tutoring for the exam, he said. The current test is notorious for employing “SAT words [that] students may not have heard before and are likely not to hear again,” according to a statement about the changes on the College Board website. Coleman said the new exam will focus on words consistently used in college vocabulary and textbooks. Additionally, the current Critical Reading and Writing sections will be combined into one Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section, which will require students to support their answers with evidence from provided passages. The math section will test fewer subjects but in more depth, and calculators will only be permitted on certain parts of the section. Both sections will be scored equally at 800 points each. The essay will become optional and will ask students to analyze a source document and examine its use of evidence, reasoning and stylistic technique. The College Board will also partner with Khan Academy, a nonprofit educational website, to upload a number of free tutorials and practice problems from old tests online, Coleman said. Sal Khan, founder and executive director of Khan Academy, said in a statement that his organization is thrilled to ally with College Board in helping level the playing field for test-takers across the socioeconomic spectrum. Undergraduate Dean of Admissions Jeremiah Quinlan said he has been advising College Board on these reforms for several months as a member of the organization’s Higher Education Advisory Group. “I’m very excited by the philosophical and pedagogical direction that [the College Board] is going in with these reforms,” Quinlan said. All eight students interviewed, including both Yale and high school students, were generally support-

ive of the changes to the SAT, and the introduction of additional test waivers for low-income students in particular. Kerry Burke-McCloud ’16 said the former standard of two fee-waivers per student affected his test-taking strategy. He said the new waiver policy will be effective in giving lower income students an opportunity to take the test multiple times instead of having to switch over to the ACT to get more funding. Ira Slomski Pritz ’14 also said the additional waivers were an “unquestionably good thing.” According to Romy Vassilev, a high school junior at New York City’s Trinity School, the test’s new format will make high school juniors’ workload more manageable. “Everyone complains about the junior workload [and] having to study for the SAT or ACT makes it 10 times worse, so having the material of your high school classes coincide with the material on the test would alleviate stress,” Vassilev said. Gabriella Borter, a high school senior at the Trinity School, said she thinks some of the changes will be for the better, such as the elimination of arcane vocabulary from the Critical Reading section. However, she said making the essay optional will eliminate the closest evaluation of a student’s writing skills. Standardized test essays are the only part of the test where students cannot get help from mentors and advisors, she said. “I thought the essay was the best way to get a peek behind the polished essay college admissions see,” Borter said. The elimination of a distinct writing section could also hurt students who are more inclined towards the humanities, Eve Houghton ’17 said. She added that, as a student who struggled with math but excelled in reading and writing, she could compensate her shortcomings on the math section with a strong essay and the kinds of vocabulary questions the exam is phasing out. In recent years, the SAT has come under attack for allegedly perpetuating inequality and for not serving as an accurate barometer of a student’s performance in college.

In 2008, the National Association of College Counseling published a report calling for more selective universities and colleges to consider adopting a policy that would make standardized tests optional for applicants. The NACAC report added that the burgeoning test-prep industry benefits the affluent, and that high school grades are a better tool than test scores when it comes to predicting an applicant’s success in college. The test’s popularity has also waned in recent years. Although the SAT traditionally held a monopoly in the college entrance test industry, in recent years the ACT has eclipsed the SAT in popularity. According to Fair Test, a testing-watchdog organization, 200,000 more high school students took the ACT than the SAT in 2013. Two college counselors said the reforms to the test were likely triggered by the ACT’s recent surge in popularity. “I think for many years, College Board didn’t take the ACT as seriously as they should have, and they’ve caught themselves surprised,” said David Petersam, president of Virginia-based higher education consulting group AdmissionsConsultants, adding that the Critical Reading section of the current SAT test is not popular with test-takers. Chuck Hughes, a former admissions officer at Harvard, said the new reforms will make the SATs more similar to the ACT exam, which has an optional essay and sections for English, mathematics, reading and science reasoning. He added that the changes to the type of vocabulary being tested by the exam will make the curve even tougher for students. If the vocabulary is more familiar to a larger number of students, even getting a handful of questions wrong could translate to a big score difference, he said. The College Board was founded in 1900 and the first tests were administered in 1901. Contact RISHABH BHANDARI at and PHOEBE KIMMELMAN at .






Sunny, with a high near 28. North wind 7 to 11 mph. Low of 15.


High of 41, low of 29.

High of 43, low of 29.


ON CAMPUS THURSDAY, MARCH 6 All day “Richard Wilson and the Transformation of European Landscape Painting.” The first major exhibition devoted to Richard Wilson (1714-1782) in thirty years, “Richard Wilson and the Transformation of European Landscape Painting” will present the artist’s work in its broader European contexts, confront fundamental questions about changes in taste in the middle years of the eighteenth century, and explore how the “father of British landscape painting” influenced a generation of artists, including John Constable and J.M.W. Turner. Yale Center for British Art (1080 Chapel St.). 2:30 PM Diane Lillo-Martin: “Sign Language Syntax.” Public lecture sponsored by Kate Davidson’s class “Sign Languages and the Mind.” Diane Lillo-Martin is a linguistics professor at UConn with a special interest in what studies of sign languages and language acquisition in different contexts can tell us about the nature of human capacity for language. Dow Hall (370 Temple St.), Rm. 201.

FRIDAY, MARCH 7 12:00 PM “The Living Side of Dead Wood: Animals, Fungi and Their Environmental Responses.” The Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies and the Environmental Studies Center are sponsoring Mark Bradford, assistant professor at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, as part of their Friday Noon Seminar Series. There will be a light lunch to accompany Professor Bradford’s discussion on the terrestrial ecosystem. Free to the general public. Class of 1954 Environmental Sciences Center (21 Sachem St.), Rm. 110. 7:00 PM “Mes Potes” “Mes Potes” is a short film about encounters and friendship. The filmmaker journeyed among different households in Paris for interviews, giving their inhabitants a simple task: to present a friend. The film begins with a fifth-grade elementary school boy named Arthur. This child presents his friend Louis, and Louis presents another friend of his. This continuation of interviews provides the basis for the film: a chain of friendships. Luce Hall (34 Hillhouse Ave.), Rm. 203.


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Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle


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By John Guzzetta

61 Beersheba’s land: Abbr. 62 Word that can follow five prefixes hidden sequentially in the answers to starred clues DOWN 1 “Tell __”: 1962’63 hit 2 Winning steadily 3 Get clobbered 4 It’s not an option 5 Observe 6 Church maintenance officer 7 Disgusted 8 Back-and-forth flights 9 Navy hull letters 10 Empty threat 11 Afraid 12 Platoon activities 13 Look over carefully 18 Burden 22 X, sometimes 23 __ Victor 24 Window part 25 Silver opening?

Wednesday’s Puzzle Solved


6 7

(c)2014 Tribune Content Agency, LLC

27 Remote control 30 Spell 33 Floride, par exemple 34 Many couples 35 Cub or Card 36 Simpleton 37 Like some looseleaf paper 40 Reveal 41 More to one’s liking 42 Plastic __ Band


43 Cuarenta winks? 44 Tongue suffix 45 “Click __ Ticket”: road safety slogan 46 Quantum gravity particles 48 More timely 52 Painter van __ 54 French pronoun 55 __ tent 56 CPA’s office, perhaps

1 7 3 9 4 3

8 9 4

4 1 7 6 5 9 9 6 3

8 2 7






“I have a lot of aggression in me that needs to come out in a not-very-precise or articulate way.” CHRISTINA AGUILERA AMERICAN DIVA

West, Russia attempt diplomacy

Tymoshenko says west must stop Russian aggression BY MARIA DANILOVA ASSOCIATED PRESS


U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry speaks about the Ukraine crisis after his meetings with other foreign ministers in Paris. BY LARA JAKES AND MARIA DANILOVA ASSOCIATED PRESS PARIS — The United States and Western diplomats failed to bring Russian and Ukrainian foreign ministers together Wednesday for faceto-face talks on the confrontation in Crimea, even as U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry voiced optimism that an exit strategy was possible. “I’d rather be where we are today than where we were yesterday,” he said. The flurry of diplomatic activity came as NATO punished Russia by suspending military cooperation, and the European Union extended $15 billion in aid to Ukraine, matching the amount the country’s fugitive president accepted from Moscow to turn his back on an EU trade accord. After an intense round of diplomacy with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and several European counterparts in Paris, Kerry said the meetings were “very constructive, without promising something that is not defined yet, without raising hopes that are inappropriate to raise. “I want to be realistic. This is hard, tough stuff, and a very serious moment,” Kerry said. “I personally feel that I have something concrete to take back and talk to President Obama about,” he added, without specifying what that was. Speaking separately after what he called “a very long day” of discussions on Ukraine, Lavrov said the sides agreed to continue talks in coming days “about how we can help

in efforts to normalize the situation and overcome the crisis.” Still, there was no direct meeting between Lavrov and his Ukrainian counterpart, Andriy Deshchytsia, though the Ukrainian foreign minister said Kerry asked him to delay his flight home in hopes of getting the two to sit down together. In an interview with The Associated Press, Deshchytsia said he had hoped to brief Lavrov on a Ukrainian plan to offer Crimea more autonomy while still claiming it within the country’s borders. Any vote taken toward autonomy would require international observers to replace armed groups in order to work, he said. “Our position is to use all the peaceful means, all the diplomatic ways to settle the issue without victims and tragedy — and without taking territory away,” Deshchytsia said. “We don’t want war with Russia.” But Lavrov was not ready to meet. Leaving the French Foreign Ministry, he was asked by reporters if he had met with his Ukrainian counterpart. “Who is it?” Lavrov answered. “I didn’t see anybody.” At a news conference at the U.S. ambassador’s residence, Kerry played down the failure, saying there had been “zero expectation” of that, though U.S. officials said that is still the goal. Kerry also repeated the West’s demand that Russia pull its forces from the Crimean Peninsula, saying “Russia’s violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity has actually united the world in support

of the Ukrainian people.” On the ground in Ukraine, meanwhile, volatility reigned. A special U.N. envoy visiting Crimea came under threat by armed men who forced him to leave the region. And hundreds of demonstrators — many chanting “Russia! Russia!” — stormed a government building in eastern Ukraine, spreading concern that turmoil could engulf other Russian-dominated parts of Ukraine. Ukraine’s prime minister told the AP in his first interview since taking office that he still feared Russian President Vladimir Putin might attempt more land grabs: “Mr. President,” Arseniy Yatsenyuk said, “stop this mess.” But most of the bargaining chips belonged to Russia, whose troops are fanned out across Crimea and control most of its strategic facilities. Lavrov, speaking in Spain before meeting with Kerry, warned against Western support of what Moscow views as a coup in Ukraine, saying that could encourage government takeovers elsewhere. “We must understand that a bad example is infectious,” he said. While Russia expressed openness to international mediation, a major sticking point has been Moscow’s refusal to recognize Ukraine’s new leaders much less sit down at the table with them. NATO tried to apply pressure on Moscow in its own talks with Russia in Brussels. The alliance’s secretary-general, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, said ambassadors for the 28 member

states decided after a meeting with their Russian counterpart to suspend plans for a joint mission as well as all civilian and military meetings. Rasmussen said that because of Russia’s military action in the Crimean Peninsula, “the entire range of NATO-Russia cooperation [is] under review.” Rasmussen said NATO will continue to meet with Moscow at the political level but insisted that halting all other cooperation “sends a very clear message to Russia.” One key piece of leverage that the West has over nearly bankrupt Ukraine: hard cash. The three months of protests that triggered Ukraine’s crisis erupted when President Viktor Yanukovych accepted $15 billion in aid from Putin in exchange for dropping an economic partnership deal with the EU. On Wednesday, the EU matched the aid — which the Russians withdrew after Yanukovych’s downfall — and the U.S. topped that up with an additional $1 billion. Meanwhile, Ukraine’s former prime minister — the heroine of Ukraine’s 2004-2005 Orange Revolution and Yanukovych’s archenemy — called on the West to force Russia to withdraw troops from Crimea. Yulia Tymoshenko, who was released from prison two weeks ago, said any negotiations about Ukraine’s future should be conducted directly between the U.S., the EU and Russia — and insisted no compromises should be made to appease Moscow.

KIEV, Ukraine — Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukraine’s former prime minister, urged the West on Wednesday to ramp up pressure on Russia to force it to withdraw troops from Crimea. In an interview with The Associated Press two weeks after she was released from jail, Tymoshenko, 53, said the United States and Britain must engage directly with Russia and use “the most powerful tools” to ensure that Russian troops leave the Crimean Peninsula, which they have been occupying for nearly a week after the ouster of pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych. Tymoshenko said that as the signatories of a 1994 treaty, which guarantees Ukraine’s security in exchange for it giving up its Soviet-era nuclear weapons, the U.S. and Britain must now deal directly with Russia. She said Ukraine cannot enter any negotiations with Moscow while Russian troops are pointing guns at its soldiers. “It is up to them (the U.S. and the U.K.) to choose the methods to stop the aggressor. But they must do it immediately,” Tymoshenko said at her office in downtown Kiev. The West must do “everything that will stop the aggressor. Period.” Tymoshenko spent two-and-a-half years in jail on charges of abuse of office that the West condemned as politically motivated. During the interview, she refused to say if she plans to enter Ukraine’s May 25 presidential election. Although she now holds no formal post, she is believed to wield significant political influence since her closest ally, Oleksandr Turchynov, is the acting president. Tymoshenko, who suffers from a back condition, walked slowly leaning on walking aids. But clad in an elegant grey jacket with her blond braid wrapped around her head in her trademark peasant style, she looked much better than two weeks ago. That’s when Tymoshenko appeared on a stage in a large protest camp in the center of Kiev, sitting in a wheel chair and looking pale and worn out. Tymoshenko called for a quick signing of a political and economic treaty with the European Union. When Yanukovych shelved it, that promoted the mass protests in Kiev that eventually led him to flee the country for Russia last month. Once the Russia-Ukraine standoff is over, Russia’s Black Sea Fleet, which is currently based in Crimea as part of a leasing agreement, must leave, said Tymoshenko. “Today it is obvious that basically the Black Sea fleet has become the source of a war … a ground for seizing our state,” she said. Tymoshenko added that Ukraine must not make any compromises to appease Russia. “We believe that the aggressor must leave without any conditions,” she told AP.

Israeli raid nabs rocket shipment BY JOSEF FEDERMAN ASSOCIATED PRESS JERUSALEM — Israeli naval forces on Wednesday seized a ship laden with rockets allegedly bound for militants in the Gaza Strip, and officials accused Iran of orchestrating the delivery in an elaborate 5,000-mile (8,000-kilometer) journey that included covert stops across the region. The Syrian-made M-302 rockets would have put Israel’s biggest cities well within range of Gaza, where militants already possess thousands of less powerful rockets. During eight days of fighting in 2012, armed groups fired 1,500 rockets into Israel, including several that reached the outskirts of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. The naval raid, which took place in the Red Sea hundreds of miles from Israel, came as Iran showed off powerful new ballistic missiles equipped with multiple warheads. The arms bust drew renewed Israeli calls for world powers to toughen their stand in negotiations over the Iranian nuclear program. “Iran has been exposed for what it is. It smiles in the Geneva talks about its own nuclear ambitions, gives soothing words, and as they’re doing that, they’re shipping these deadly weapons to the world’s worst terrorists,” Prime Minis-

ter Benjamin Netanyahu said in California during a U.S. visit. “Such a regime must not be able to have the capacity to make nuclear weapons.” Israel believes that Iran is trying to build a nuclear weapon, a charge Iran denies. Israel says a nuclear-armed Iran would pose a threat to the existence of the Jewish state, citing Iranian calls for Israel’s destruction, its development of long-range missiles and its support for hostile militant groups. Netanyahu has been an outspoken critic of the efforts by six world powers to negotiate a deal with Iran that would substantially scale back its nuclear program in exchange for ending international sanctions. He says a current, interim deal gives Iran too much relief while getting little in return, and fears a final agreement would leave Iran with the capability to make a bomb. Since the global powers reached their interim deal with Iran last November, Netanyahu’s warnings about Iran have been largely ignored by world leaders. I ra n ’s announcement Wednesday that it now has missiles with multiple warheads, greatly boosting their destructive power, only heightened Israeli concerns. The semiofficial Fars news agency said the new Qiam missile was specifically built to target U.S. bases in the region. Iran already pos-

sesses missiles capable of striking Israel and parts of Europe. Israeli officials said that Wednesday’s naval raid took place in international waters about 100 miles (160 kilometers) off the coast of Sudan, and came after months of painstaking intelligence work. They said the rockets had been flown from Syria to Iran months ago, then shipped from Iran’s Bandar Abbas port to Umm Qasr, Iraq, before being loaded onto the KLOS C civilian ship destined for Sudan. From there, Israeli officials said they were to be smuggled overland through Egypt to Gaza — a route that has been used in the past. “We have been following this shipment for a long time through impressive intelligence work,” Israel’s military chief, Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz, told reporters. He did not elaborate, but Israel is believed to use satellites and on-the-ground spies to collect information on its enemies. Rear Adm. Yaron Levy, the navy’s chief of operations, said the long distance from Israel, about 900 miles (1,500 kilometers) away, and the presence of foreign navies and merchant ships, complicated the mission and made it difficult to protect secrecy. He said Israel deployed a “strong naval force” but halted the Panamanian-flagged ship without incident. “We got on the ship with the

captain’s permission. We found what we found, and you know the rest of the story,” he said. Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon said the circuitous route, stretching nearly 5,200 miles, or 8,300 kilometers, was meant to conceal the shipment. “It was an Iranian attempt to bring weapons to the Gaza Strip without leaving Iranian fingerprints,” he said. “Apparently they tried to conduct a secret operation that we managed to thwart.” In Washington, State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said the U.S. had been in close coordination with Israel throughout the mission. “Even as we continue our efforts to resolve our concerns over Iran’s nuclear program through diplomacy, we will continue to stand up to Iran’s support for destabilizing activities in the region, in coordination with our partners and allies,” she said. The ship was far out at sea Wednesday and was being brought to Israel. It was expected to arrive in the Israeli port of Eilat in the coming days. Video released by the military showed Israeli soldiers on the ship inspecting the rockets, shipped in large crates. The video also showed beige bags containing cement with the words “Made in I.R. Iran,” in English, written on them.


This photo released by the Israel Defense Forces shows a missile on an intercepted ship in the Red Sea Wednesday, March 5, 2014.




“If it wasn’t for baseball, I’d be in either the penitentiary or the cemetary.” BABE RUTH FORMER AMERICAN PROFESSIONAL BASEBALL PLAYER

Softball winds up for break SOFTBALL FROM PAGE 10 play. Yale will look to improve upon its first weekend of competition, during which the team went 1–2 at the Norfolk State Tournament in Virginia from Feb. 22-23. The Elis certainly have the tools to succeed as they out hit each of their three opponents throughout the tournament. “In Virginia Beach last weekend, we showed that we have all of the pieces, but weren’t able to combine them in one game,” Onorato said. “I think in order to do this, we need to play relaxed and confidently, maintain good energy and execute in the little situations — sac bunts, moving runners, quality at bats, taking care of the ball on defense, hitting spots on the mound — that will cumulatively make us very competitive.” Pitcher Rhydian Glass ’16 agreed, noting that the little things are what make a huge difference in softball. She added that the team needs to focus not only on targeting the lead runner or timing a steal, but also on starting the competitive season with motivation and trust in each other. Both players hope to see the team come out of its spring training trip on a high note and with a winning record. “Winning is always a priority every time we step on the field,” Onorato said. “Beyond that, though, I think we hope to get some good looks against

some tough pitching, and to get our defense used to playing on dirt again. We want to compete every time out, and Florida is a good chance to work out any last kinks before league games.” Glass noted that the team has trained incredibly hard since the fall, especially since the official start of the season on Feb. 1. She credits the captain, outfielder Tori Balta ’14, with establishing a “desire-towin mentality” and for keeping the team focused on and off the field. Yale carries high hopes heading into spring break, citing the depth and diverse range of talent on the team. “Virginia was a decent start, but I know we have a lot more in us,” Glass said. “If we play like we are capable of performing we’ll no doubt make an impact down in Florida that will hopefully carry through for the rest of the season.” The Elis will head down south to Florida on Saturday to prepare for its first games against Central Florida and South Florida, both at South Florida, on Tuesday at 2:00 and 7:15 p.m., respectively. After the USF Under Armour Tournament, the Bulldogs return home to face Providence, and then Bryant and Boston University as part of the Yale Invitational. Conference play will open the following week at Penn, the defending Ivy League champions. Contact ASHLEY WU at .

Sports and human rights COLUMN FROM PAGE 10 place in a country noted for its aggressiveness. But instead of covering the controversial issues that would have had an impact long after the Olympics ended, the media decided to focus the vast majority of its attention on the event itself. Given our insatiable appetite for sports stories, however, we can’t blame the media. The International Olympic Committee, for the sake of keeping up the appearance of political neutrality, remained largely silent about the widespread LGBT discrimination in Russia. Worst of all, given the recent bloodshed in Ukraine, our attempt to elevate the Olympics into some sort of transcendental experience that unites the world seems downright naïve. Of course, trying to make the Olympics a political spectacle would undermine its ability to bring people together as well as its ability to stimulate global social dialogue. However, this does not mean that we should avoid having political and controversial discussions during international athletic events. Sports offer an escape from the harsh realities of the world, but we should not let athletic entertainment overshadow our more important obligations. There are some major global sports events coming up, with Brazil hosting the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics, Russia hosting the 2018 World Cup and Qatar hosting the 2022 World Cup. Controversial issues will likely arise again as these spectacles approach, such as government clearing of urban slums in Brazil, mistreatment of migrant workers in Qatar and general corruption behind the IOC and FIFA selection processes. I hope we won’t avoid having the necessary conversations down the road. Athletes sometimes become the epitome of our image of the classical Greek hero, capable of astounding physical feats. But they should not be our role models. Let me end my column with the story of Australian sprinter and silver medalist Peter Norman. In the 1968 Summer Olympics, Americans Tommie Smith and John Carlos famously joined in a black power salute while on the medal stand. But few people realize that Norman, who’s white, wore a badge on the same stand to protest racial segregation in countries like the U.S. and South Africa. In fact, Norman was the one who suggested Smith and Carlos split a single pair of black gloves after Carlos left his at the Olympic Village, thus directly contributing to a now iconic image. After the Olympics, Norman was ostracized by the Australian officials and media and never made another appearance in the Olympics despite meeting the qualification standards multiple times in 1971 and 1972. Norman’s career ended prematurely and he never became a household name like some of his brethren who chose to be silent. But he deserves our respect and praise far more than an athlete who merely excels at the physical level. But as Dr. Henry Jones remarked in “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade,” in the race against evil and injustice, there is no silver medal for finishing second. JIMIN HE is a senior in Pierson College. Contact him at .

Baseball looks to build on success after the first couple games, whoever’s performing gets to stay in the game.” The Bulldogs played two of the five teams currently on Yale’s Florida schedule last year, Bucknell and Long Island. They bested Bucknell 5–2 for their only win of the vacation and fell 4–3 to Long Island, narrowly missing a comeback in the ninth. Stetson, which squares off against Yale three times at the end of the Florida trip, last played the Bulldogs in 2006. In that game, the Hatters shut out the Elis 6–0. Hartford and Holy Cross, which Yale will play back up north, are more perennial March opponents. The Bulldogs dropped all four games to Holy Cross last season and split a four-game series with Hartford in 2012. Of the eight teams in the Ivy League, only Harvard will be joining Yale at the RussMatt Invitational. Princeton, Columbia and Dartmouth are also playing games in Florida this month, while Penn, Brown and Cornell will be seeking warm weather elsewhere. The Weather Channel forecasts a high temperature of 78 degrees Fahrenheit on Sunday in Winter Haven, Fla.



The softball team will host Bryant and Boston University in the Yale Invitational March 22-23.

most teams that Yale faces in Florida are comparable to those in the Ivy League, particularly the teams that are also from the north. With 13 games in 15 days, the Bulldogs will need all hands on deck from the pitching staff. In its first three games, all against LSU, Yale has already shown that the depth of its pitching staff is wellsuited for such a rigorous schedule. Nine pitchers saw time on the mound in the opening weekend, including Chasen Ford ’17, who gave up just two earned runs in 6.1 innings to the No. 3 team in the country. “This year we have tremendous depth across the board for our pitching staff,” Toups said. “We have five or six guys that can start for us, so I think we’ll be fine in that regard.” The Florida trip will serve as a chance for the team to figure out its starting lineup. Hanson said that during these beginning games of the season, the lineup will change from game to game. “I am a huge fan of how coach [John Stuper] handles Florida,” Hanson said. “He makes sure that everyone gets a chance. Everyone gets a chance to show what they can do in the lineup … From there,

Contact GREG CAMERON at .

Breaking down Harvard BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 10 assists and points per game. They are second only to Princeton in threes made over 12 conference games. Although the Elis’ inside game is their bread and butter, on Feb. 8, they were able to stretch the Harvard defense with 6-10 shooting from the arc. Over the last few games, teams have been packing the paint against Yale in an effort to discourage the Bulldogs’ low-post scoring. Yale’s shooting ability could hold the key to a sweep of Harvard. “Mondays have been shooting practice for us,” Sears said. “Guys have been getting shots up in the gym. We know teams are going to be packing it in so we’re just trying to make sure we’re shooting the ball well. We’re at home now, so we know how the rims feel here, so I think we’ll definitely shoot well this weekend.” Guard Javier Duren ’15 was integral in spacing the floor last time, going 2-3 from distance. Duren leads the Elis in threes attempted per game. Yale has a number of matchup advantages that it will attempt to exploit against Harvard. Last time the two teams played each other, guard Armani Cotton ’15 was a nightmare for the Crimson. Cotton’s unique combination of size, length, athleticism and shooting ability caused matchup problems for Harvard on both ends of the court. In 12 games of conference play, Cotton’s versatility has been apparent: He is third on the team in three point percentage at 38.7 and second in rebounding with 7.1 boards per game. Cotton’s shooting from distance will be key in luring Harvard’s bigs out of the paint. “I think we have some good matchups at a lot of positions,” forward Matt Townsend ’15 said. “Armani is a tough matchup for other teams because he has the size and length of a 4-man, a post player, but he crashes from the guard spot and the guards try to box him out, which [opposing guards] are often not used to doing. His second effort points and just being relentless is huge for us.” Perhaps the key matchup of the game will be Sears vs. Harvard forward Kyle Casey. Sears said he will look to take advantage of his matchup with Casey, a player he admired in high school. Sears gives up 20 pounds to Casey, but makes up for it with quickness. In their first head-to-head in Sears’ breakout sophomore season, Casey struggled to guard Sears and had difficulty scoring on the Yale forward on the other end. Sears finished with 21 points, 11 rebounds and two blocks to Casey’s eight points, six boards and four rejections. “It’s definitely a matchup advantage for us,” Sears said. “Most of my matchups with guys are. I’m not as strong as other players so I’m quicker and I have an unorthodox game,” Sears said. “It’s harder for some guys


Yale and Harvard will battle each other on the hardwood once again this Friday, March 7. to match up with me which gives me the advantage.” Sears said he will look to exploit the Crimson in transition, where his speed and athleticism will allow him to get easy buckets. A big part of the Elis’ success in Cambridge last month lay in their ability to get Harvard into foul trouble. Both teams finished with 25 personal fouls, but the Crimson’s fouls came early and disrupted their game plan. Two of Harvard’s centerpiece players, starters Wesley Saunders and Casey, fouled out of the game entirely. “Part of the identity we try to have for our team, in addition to being a defensive stopping team and a good rebounding team, is a team that really gets to foul line, a team that forces other teams to foul us,” Townsend said. “We did a good job of that in the first game so that’s the goal for us in the second game.” But Yale will also have to work hard to correct some of their errors from last time around. Number one on that

list is turnovers. In their last matchup with Harvard, the Elis coughed the ball up a startling 19 times, with five of those coming from traveling violations. The Crimson are second in the Ivy League in steals per game with 7.4, but many of the Bulldogs’ turnovers in last month’s matchup were unforced. The Elis will also have to be prepared to play against unorthodox defenses. Towards the end of the first half in last month’s matchup with the Crimson, Harvard dusted off a 3-2 zone defense in the hopes of limiting Yale’s frontcourt. In the preseason, much talk was made of an increased reliance on zone defense throughout the league as a result of rule changes intended to increase freedom of movement. The Elis have not played much zone themselves, but teams are relying on it more often now that they know about Yale’s game plan. “We’ve been practicing against a lot of zone in practice the last two weeks,” Sears said, “so I think that

we’re definitely getting better at it. I think the best part of when teams play zone against us is that it causes matchup problems for rebounding. It gives us a big advantage when the shot goes up and they struggle to find bodies to box out.” But no matter what the variables are this time around, the game will be sure to have its classic appeal to fans on both sides. “The Harvard-Yale rivalry is always going to be a special, highemotions environment, whether we’re here or there,” Townsend said. “Guys are always pumped to play, emotions are always running high. It’ll be nice for it to be on our home turf where we’re most comfortable, but really it just comes down to the same basics.” The Elis tip off against Harvard on Friday at 7:00 p.m. in John J. Lee Amphitheater. Contact DIONIS JAHJAGA at .


NBA Washington 104 Utah 91

NBA Houston 101 Orlando 89

NBA Charlotte 109 Indiana 87



NCAAM No. 11 Louisville 84


BRIAN HOGAN ’16 AND TYLER PRAMER ’14 MEN’S SWIMMING AND DIVING Both Hogan and Pramer earned Ivy League honors following the Ivy League Championships last weekend. Hogan was named to the conference first team for the 1,000 free and the second team for the 500 and 1,650 free, while Pramer earned the Ron Keenhold Carrer High Point Diver award.

EVA FABIAN ’16 AND LILYBET MACRAE ’17 WOMEN’S SWIMMING AND DIVING Fabian and MacRae won awards at the Ivy League Championships for being the High Point Swimmer and High Point Diver of the Meet, respectively. Nine Elis in total earned All-Ivy honors at Championships.

No. 18 Southern Methodist 71

“Winning is always a priority every time we step on the field.” SARAH ONORATO ’15 SOFTBALL YALE DAILY NEWS · THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 2014 ·

Elis fly south over break BASEBALL

record, in part because it went 1–13 over Spring Break. “Every time we step on the field, we’re trying to win,” said captain and shortstop Cale Hanson ’14. “But I would agree that these games have a little more of a developmental feel to them … We still won’t be in midseason form, so winning isn’t as important as the process of getting better. But it’s definitely a competitive atmosphere.” Toups and Hanson agreed that SEE BASEBALL PAGE 9


The baseball team knocked off the No. 3 LSU Tigers 8–7 on the road this past Sunday.

A week after taking a game from No. 3 Louisiana State last weekend, the Yale baseball team is heading south again, this time to central Florida for its annual Spring Break trip. The Bulldogs (1–2, 0–0 Ivy) are scheduled to play seven games over eight days in Florida beginning this Sunday. The first three will be a part of the RussMatt Central Florida Invitational, based in Win-

ter Haven, Fla., and the next will be a single game against Ave Maria in Babson Park, Fla. The trip will end at Stetson University in DeLand, Fla., where Yale will play three consecutive games from Friday to Sunday. During the second week of break, Yale will return north to Hartford for a game, host UMass-Lowell the next day and then finish with two consecutive double headers against Holy Cross. “We want to go down there and compete, win and start the season off right,” said second baseman

David Toups ’15. “We definitely want to continue this momentum we have after beating LSU.” Although the Spring Break schedule does not include any Ivy opponents, it will have a major impact on the Bulldogs’ overall record at the end of the season. The short length of the spring season means that almost 40 percent of Yale’s regular season will be over by the end of break. Last season, for example, Yale was an even 10–10 in conference play but ended the season with just a 13–25

Busy spring break ahead for softball BY ASHLEY WU STAFF REPORTER As spring training gets underway for MLB teams, the Yale softball team will make its own spring training trip to Florida to take on tough competition as part of the USF Under Armour Tournament before coming home for the Yale Invitational.


How Yale can beat Harvard, again BY DIONIS JAHJAGA STAFF REPORTER When the Crimson comes to town tomorrow for the biggest game of the Ivy League season, it will be a clash of styles: grit vs. finesse. Harvard’s smooth shooting and passing-oriented offense will be tested against Yale’s tough defense and inside game.

SOFTBALL The Bulldogs (1–2, 0–0 Ivy) will spend the first week of spring break in Florida, facing eight different opponents in the span of nine games. Catcher Sarah Onorato ’15 believes the trip to Clearwater, Fla. is an excellent opportunity for the Elis to face stiff competition, including the University of South Florida and other toptier teams, which will set them up for success come conference

The real story at Sochi

My mother was kind of an athletic star growing up. She won quite a few countrywide track and field titles in high school and eventually played basketball for her college team. But despite my mom’s nascent athletic stardom, my grandmother never understood the appeal of sports. I suppose the spectacle of people running around on a court and chasing after a ball while wearing color-coordinated clothing seemed silly. She once asked my mother, “If they all want it so badly, why not just give everyone a ball?” Despite her limited understanding of sports, I think my grandmother had a point. Sports, and the associated fandom, are kind of strange if you really think about it. We willingly give people money so they can perform a range of physical tasks, but only if they abide by some arbitrary rules agreed upon beforehand. Fans, after investing so many financial and mental resources into their favorite team or athlete, sometimes do incredibly stupid or irrational things. For example, when the Vancouver Canucks lost the 2011 Stanley Cup Finals, Canucks fans decided the only thing left to do was to try to burn down the city in a massive riot. In some of my previous columns, I argued that sports ultimately are entertainment businesses designed to, well, entertain people. Though sports can provide deep bonding experiences for the most dissimilar strangers, attaching too much value and significance to sports can skew our perspective of what truly matters in society. That explains our tolerance of misbehaving athletes and coaches until their actions can no longer be ignored. On a broader scale, our collective obsession with grand athletic competitions sometimes make all of us look like idiots. Take the Sochi Olympics, for example. Russia spent over $50 billion to make Sochi the international spotlight for two weeks and then promptly ruined the resulting goodwill by invading Ukraine, thus making Sochi one of the most expensive P.R. campaign failures in history. Despite Vladimir Putin’s folly, the rest of the world should feel even worse for its failure to use Sochi as a platform to press for actual changes in Russia. Before the Olympics began, people were concerned with Russia’s poor human rights track record and its borderline bullying behavior towards its neighbors. Ironically, an event meant to symbolize peace took






The softball team will play 13 games over spring break, including seven games in Florida.


“They’re a little bit … more flashy,” said forward Justin Sears ’16. “Whereas our games are ugly, grind-it-out, slow games. We get to the line playing half-court offense, just pounding the boards to get rebounds. Two proven styles. It’ll be interesting to see which one wins out.” Harvard leads the conference in SEE BASKETBALL PAGE 9


The Bulldogs upset the favored Crimson 74–67 when they traveled to Harvard on Feb. 8.

GOALS SCORED BY THE WOMEN’S LACROSSE IN YALE’S 12–8 WIN OVER BRYANT YESTERDAY. Attackers Nicole Daniggelis ’16, Kerri Fleishenhacker ’15 and Tess McEvoy ’17 each scored a hat trick to lead the Yale Bulldogs over the pups from Bryant.

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