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NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · VOL. CXXXVI, NO. 109 · yaledailynews.com

INSIDE THE NEWS MORNING EVENING

SUNNY CLOUDY

53 33

CROSS CAMPUS

MIND-READING FMRI USED TO RECREATE FACES

FINANCE

FROYO

Alders get heated in clash over additions to City Hall staff

PINKBERRY TO OPEN ON CHAPEL STREET NEXT WEEK

PAGES 10-11 SCITECH

PAGE 3 CITY

PAGE 3 CITY

Mental Health engages students

Bagels get even smaller. In a

new initiative from the Yale Office of Sustainability, the size of bagels in Yale dining halls has been reduced to “bite-sized”.

Med school requirements change BY VIVIAN WANG STAFF REPORTER

The new tenant of 1 Broadway Ave., which has been vacant since the exit of Au Bon Pain last year, has finally been revealed: Au Bon Pain. “Don’t it always seem to go that you don’t know what you’ve got till it’s gone?” University Vice President for New Haven and State Affairs Bruce Alexander ’65 said in a statement.

give feedback to Yale Health administrators about how mental health services can be improved. Genecin also announced the creation of a MH&C

Applicants to the Yale School of Medicine during the 2014–’15 admissions cycle will face a newly revised set of admissions requirements. After reviewing the admissions criteria for prospective medical students, a committee at the School of Medicine has added one semester of biochemistry to the list of course requirements and shortened the organic chemistry requirement from one year to one semester. Though the change is intended to better prepare prospective students for the medical school curriculum, premedical students interviewed said it will have little effect on their scheduled coursework. The addition of the biochemistry requirement stemmed from a desire to even the playing field for all students entering medical school, said Michael Schwartz, the associate dean for curriculum at the medical school. Without a biochemistry requirement, firstyear medical students currently enter the medical school with differing levels of expertise in the subject, he said. While some students know biochemistry very well, others have virtually no exposure to the field, Schwartz added. “That makes it difficult to decide what level to teach it at in our curriculum; you’ll have

SEE MENTAL HEALTH PAGE 4

SEE MED SCHOOL PAGE 4

Attempting the Grover Cleveland. With Yale College

Grand Strategy revealed as Communist plot. Celebrated

conservative professors Charles Hill and John Gaddis were uncovered to have formerly served as Soviet agents. When reached, Hill confirmed that the course has secretly been working to inspire the next generation of Marxist-Leninist leaders. “Give us the child for 8 years and it will be a Bolshevik forever,” he said.

Numbers are hard. Several

hundred students who believed themselves to be enrolled in Structure of Networks (AMTH 160) discovered this week that they had in fact signed up to take graduate school course Network of Structures (AMTH 980), when they received an email referring to a scheduled final exam. Students interviewed expressed concern and dismay, saying they had no idea as they had never shown up in the first place.

There is meat in your mushrooms. A leaked Yale

Dining memo revealed that the University has been supplementing a number of vegetable dishes with a finely blended meat mixture.

The Haunting of Hillhouse.

University President Peter Salovey announced that he has been delaying his move into the president’s house at 43 Hillhouse Ave. because he believes the residence is haunted by ghosts of past University presidents. Money from the $17 million renovation has actually gone to the hiring of “ghostbusters,” Salovey admitted to all seven regular readers of “Notes from Woodbridge Hall” Monday morning. “The painting of Kingman Brewster just follows me with its eyes every time I walk past,” he said. THIS DAY IN YALE HISTORY

April 1, 2014. The News celebrates April Fool’s Day. Submit tips to Cross Campus

crosscampus@yaledailynews.com

ONLINE y MORE goydn.com/xcampus

Two candidates vie to fill empy position on Yale Corporation PAGE 5 NEWS

New tenant is old tenant.

Council elections looming, former YCC President Brandon Levin ’14 has announced he will be entering the race for YCC president. “There should always be one Levin in charge of things at Yale,” Levin said.

CORPORATION

BRIANNA LOO/PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

Yale Mental Health and Counseling administrators intend to begin incorporating changes based on student feedback. BY HANNAH SCHWARZ STAFF REPORTER In a Monday afternoon email to the undergraduate community, Director of Yale Health Paul Genecin

outlined initiatives to improve dialogue between students and Mental Health & Counseling administrators. In the message, Genecin wrote that residential colleges will host “listening sessions” for students to

CIPE reports slight decline in participants

Shuttle expansion considered

BY RISHABH BHANDARI STAFF REPORTER For the third consecutive year, the total number of Yale students who pursued international internships or some form of research or academic study outside the United States has declined, according to the Center for International and Professional Experience’s annual report. The report, released last week, said that 1,254 students pursued international internships, research projects, summer programs or study abroad during the 2012-’13 academic year. This figure represents a slight drop from the previous two years, as the 2011-’12 and 2010-’11 academic years saw numbers of 1,280 and 1,308 respectively. CIPE administrators interviewed said they were not surprised by the report’s data, adding that they do not view the slight decline in students participating in international experiences as a cause for concern. “[CIPE] is no longer in a position where we’re looking to drive up numbers for just the sake of driving them up,” said Jane Edwards, dean of international and professional experiences and senior associate dean of Yale College. “We want to make sure that students’ experiences and the programs they participate in are meaningful, beneficial and rigorous,”

[CIPE] is no longer in a position where we’re looking to drive up numbers for just the sake of driving them up. JANE EDWARDS Dean, International and professional experiences William Whobrey, dean of Yale Summer Session, said CIPE’s priority is to ensure that students who want an international experience can find one that caters to their needs and is academically challenging. According to the report, one of the biggest drops was in participation in non-Yale affiliated summer study programs — from 402 participants in 2011-’12 to 343 last year. The other area of decline was academic year study abroad programs. One hundred and forty-seven students took one or both academic semesters off last year to study overseas compared to the 160 the office had recorded in the 2011-’12 year. Edwards said the dip in students participating in these programs could be attributed to CIPE staff turnovers SEE CIPE PAGE 6

WILLIAM FREEDBERG/STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER

Yale administrators sat down with the Board of Alders Thursday to discuss expanding the Yale shuttle system. BY DAVID BLUMENTHAL STAFF REPORTER Yale administrators are discussing the possibility of expanding the Yale shuttle system further into New Haven, according to administrators present at last week’s Board of Alders meeting. Yale President Peter Salovey and Vice President of New Haven and State Affairs Bruce Alexander ’65 discussed the possibility of the shuttle’s expansion with Ward 9 Alder Jessica Holmes. Ward 9, located on the edges of Fairhaven, is home to a burgeoning population of graduate students. Holmes told administrators that her constituents would benefit from a shuttle line expansion, and that such an move would make Yale students feel welcome in more neighborhoods. “I want Yale students and faculty to feel safer and more connected to other parts of

the city,” she said. “There’s a great spirit of volunteerism at the University. But it would be powerful if you were to look at the maps where the Yale shuttle goes. Salovey agreed, saying it was “tragic” that when he first came to Yale he did not explore parts of New Haven beyond Interstate 91. Alexander said that expanding the bus system would be “expensive as hell,” but agreed that it could be a wise investment in New Haven’s neighborhoods. Salovey and Alexander did not respond to requests for additional comment. In a Monday night email, Janet Lindner, the associate vice president for administration denied that the University was considering any changes to its shuttle systems. “Our shuttle service is stretched to the limit … and its mission is to connect the campus, just as many other colleges provide campus shuttles,” she said. “CT Transit, the

state agency responsible for providing public transportation, does operate bus service throughout the city.” The Thursday meeting was a sit-down between the Alders and Yale’s president and vice president of its Office of New Haven and State Affairs. However, the candid discussion of adding additional routes to the shuttle system deviated significantly from more frequent debates in town-gown relations, including the state’s payment in lieu of taxes system and Yale’s efforts to spur entrepreneurship in the city. Holmes said that, while she is enthusiastic about the idea of expanding Yale’s shuttle system, she is also concerned that such a move would appear heavy-handed to city residents. Holmes added that she thinks the Yale Shuttle would be better served by a fundaSEE SHUTTLE PAGE 6


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YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

OPINION

.COMMENT “Millions...are being spent at West Campus without any review of whether that yaledailynews.com/opinion

effort is providing value-for-money.”

'CHORLEYWOOD' ON 'WHY CANCEL MY CLASS?'

G U E S T C O L U M N I S T PA T R I C K R E E D

GUEST COLUMNIST TOM HARRISON

The ethical investor?

Flight 370 and the media

L

ast November, the majority of Yale’s student body voted in a referendum asking Yale to divest its endowment from the worst fossil fuel companies. At its annual open meeting this January, the Yale Advisory Committee on Investor Responsibility announced it was ready to take the first step in the Fossil Free Yale proposal, asking companies to disclose their greenhouse gas emissions. The ACIR is an advisory body, composed of faculty, staff, alumni and students. The ACIR makes recommendations to the Yale Corporation Committee on Investor Responsibility (CCIR), which has decisionmaking power. Following the January open meeting and continued conversations with Fossil Free Yale, the chairman of the ACIR, Professor Jonathan Macey, drafted a letter that was to be sent to companies requesting disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions. On Feb. 22, the CCIR held its annual meeting with the ACIR. The CCIR did not make any decisions at the meeting, and instructed the ACIR to refrain from sending any letters requesting that companies disclose emissions at that time. The meeting ended inconclusively, with the Committee citing a need for more time to deliberate. While we trust that the CCIR has a genuine desire to take appropriate action, by delaying this initial gesture, the Corporation members seem to lack the appropriate sense of urgency about the issue. The International Energy Agency’s 2012 World Energy Outlook Report declares that “if action to reduce CO2 emissions is not taken before 2017, all the allowable CO2 emissions would be locked-in by energy infrastructure existing at that time.” The 2010 World Bank Development Report and the 2010 United Nations Environmental Programme Report on the emissions gap confirm the need for action, setting a similar action deadline of 2020. It is puzzling that the members of the CCIR did not immediately accept the recommendation of Macey, who has been carefully considering fossil fuel investment questions. Macey is an expert in corporate law and securities regulations, and he has written publicly about matters of corporate disclosure. At the January open meeting, Macey said he did not expect the CCIR to disapprove of the requests for disclosure. He even suggested that his jurisdiction to do so would not require express involvement of the CCIR. Evidently, CCIR members must have felt strongly about prohibiting this initial gesture. It is confusing to me why the CCIR would feel so strongly that requests for disclosure would be unwise. It is hard to imagine any financial risks or negative press attention that could come from

requesting that a set of companies voluntarily disclose emissions metrics. The metrics discussed were the same metrics specified in the Fossil Free Yale proposal. These metrics were successfully subjected to expert Yale faculty review last semester. Requesting that companies disclose emissions would simply provide investors with more information to evaluate the sustainability or climate risk of these companies. Although the CCIR’s meetings are open to neither students nor the public, the CCIR has committed to continue conversation about the proposal. As the Corporation members consider how to best take action regarding Yale’s investments in the most emissions-intensive fossil fuel companies, this week the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released its Fifth Assessment Report on the impacts of climate change. Among the categories of impacts are rising global food prices, decreasing usable water, increased risk of extreme weather events and exacerbation of global economic inequality. In the interest of full transparency, here is what we at Fossil Free Yale know about the CCIR: There are currently three members. The chairman, Neal Keny-Guyer, leads the international disaster relief nonprofit Mercy Corps. Committee veteran Paul Lewis Joskow is professor emeritus of economics and climate policy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The third CCIR member, Catharine Bond Hill, is president of Vassar College. Although none of the trustees has publicly commented on the Fossil Free Yale proposal for responsible energy investment at Yale, Hill’s administration rejected Vassar students’ more aggressive proposal for divestment last year, and Joskow has previously served on the Board of TransCanada, the large Canadian oil company behind the Keystone XL pipeline. Given their backgrounds, I am sure that the CCIR members are aware of the impacts of climate change and the urgent need for solutions. Although I am perplexed that they have delayed the innocuous first steps proposed by Macey, I commend the trustees for continuing the conversation after their first meeting with the ACIR. I hope that, in the past month, they have had time to carefully review the unique Yale student proposal for responsible energy investment. As a volatile future approaches, we ask that the University does for investments what it has done through campus sustainability efforts: Take an ethical stand to mitigate the risk that climate change poses to our world. PATRICK REED is a junior in Branford College and treasurer of Fossil Free Yale. Contact him at patrick. reed@yale.edu .

ANNELISA LEINBACH/ILLUSTRATIONS EDITOR

T

he tragedy that befell Malaysian Airlines Flight 370 has shed light on a different kind of tragedy that hits much closer to home for American citizens. Over a painstaking search period, as nebulous details surrounding the plane’s disappearance were processed into a no less flimsy narrative by our mainstream media, Americans were inundated with conspiracy theories about what co u l d - h ave - b u t - p ro ba b lydidn’t happen to Flight 370. Two and a half weeks after the airplane’s disappearance, when CNN, Fox News and their counterparts began to squeeze every last drop of newsworthiness out of the lost plane saga, the story began to slip from immediacy into the realm of the forgotten. (This process, always a gradual one, is still in the works as I write this.) We collectively began to sober up to the painful yet undeniable fact that the mystery remained as shrouded on day sixteen as it had been on day one. While acknowledgement is a crucial first step in dealing with this fallacy, acceptance of it must not be the next step. Our society’s increasing penchant for Hollywood-style news has severely compromised the standards for what we accept as substantive, thought-provoking content. Goaded on by our unanimous consent, the mainstream media diverts every last second of our free time to their websites and TV talk shows. As we pad their ratings with millions of views and keep the change flowing into their coffers, they patronize us by disseminating stories entirely bereft of

substance. We as Americans are entirely and solely culpable for allowing this to continue. We are blessed to live in a country in which news is privatized and wrested from government oversight, but with this blessing comes immense responsibility. We have to demand pertinent, meaningful content from our news pundits and stop condoning their obfuscating tendencies. To scapegoat the media in this fallacy would require us to suppress our collective conscience and reject what we know to be morally right — such as a drug addict who blames a dealer for his own ruination. The families of Flight 370 passengers weren’t the only victims in this dog and pony show masquerading as “news.” With each passing day, Americans fell further out of touch with crucial ongoing geopolitical events that directly implicate our global economic and security interests. We all fixated on the pundits quipping about whether intergalactic aliens had abducted the Boeing jet, or whether the Indian Ocean had miraculously developed its own gravitational Bermuda Triangle. Yet as the media churned out fantastical theories to satiate our demands, life went on elsewhere. Barrel bombs continued to rain down on the Syrian suburbs of Damascus and Aleppo with impunity. Israeli authorities seized a missile shipment heading for the Gaza Strip. The Iranian nuclear talks ground to a sputtering halt, and our allies looked on with increasing anxiety. If we continue to cover our eyes with our hands, and pretend that other nations’ security

threats aren’t worth our consideration, we risk being completely vulnerable when these crises escalate into far more dangerous conflicts. Nevertheless, one might ask why Americans need be wary of goings on halfway around the world in places like Syria and Israel. After all, isn’t the whole point of national leadership to protect us from the bad guys without diverting our attention away from daily life? This logic assumes that government is an inherently infallible institution — always to be trusted, never to be questioned. It should be obvious that our governing body, like every manmade institution, is prone to error. Naiveté is not an excuse for allowing Uncle Sam to make decisions for you. Our media corporations should act as intermediaries between civilian life and the world around us. It should exist so that we don’t need to browse through UN reports and government agency documents to understand what’s actually going on in the world and why it matters. To rectify the current system and strive towards this ideal, we all have to stop condoning the fantastical stories passed off as legitimate news and demand sincerity. To be fair to the media, they did proffer a few other headlines during the Flight 370 saga. The broken record of North Korean diatribe raged on this past week, and we the people swallowed it whole, predictably. The impoverished Stalinist state took to the presses again to denounce our country’s military occupation on the Korean peninsula, as their

leadership has done with dutiful persistence year in and year out. What’s more, they even launched a handful of Soviet-era missiles into the sea to protest our routine military exercise drills. The elephant in the room is that Pyongyang’s saber rattling is absolutely inane, and it only continues because we continue to care. What’s tragic is cui bono, or who benefits, from this sickening arrangement; I assure you that it’s definitely not us. When we tune into these stories online or on TV, we provide the terrorist North Korean regime with the international attention they so desperately crave. It should be obvious that any government that builds concentration camps for its own citizens and is implicated in the gravest crimes against humanity is not deserving of diplomatic legitimacy. Their leadership’s relevance on the global stage is inextricably tied to our own lust for fantastical news stories, and I wager they know this to be true. In the promulgation of insultingly meaningless yet exhilarating news coverage, and in our inability to avoid such temptations, I can hear the death knells of substantive journalism in our country. We insist on being perpetually inundated with flashy headlines that, with scant exception, belie any tidbit of inherent value. It’s time that we hold our media giants accountable for legitimate reporting, boycott the diversionary half-truths and confront reality.

problem lists, test results, vaccination records and future visits. MyChart also permits secure, confidential electronic communication between patients and their health care providers. We encourage anyone who is interested in engaging directly with their own health care information to open a MyChart account.

ours takes effect. That’s why Stop & Shop should label their store-brand products that contain GMOs. Consumers clearly want it, as the passage of our labeling law clearly shows. My concern over GMOs is about the environment. Promoted as eco-friendly by reducing the use of herbicides and pesticides, GMOs have had the opposite effect. Plants are altered genetically to withstand chemical weed killers have shown increase in the use of the herbicide glyphosate (Roundup) on corn, soybeans and cotton. As customers, consumers and citizens, we have a right to know what’s in our food, including whether it contains GMOs. Stop & Shop must label their store brand products.

TOM HARRISON is a junior in Jonathan Edwards College. Contact him at thomas.harrison@yale.edu .

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Mental health privacy

Regarding the column (“Fix Mental Health’s online system,” March 28) I feel it is important to clarify that confidential health care information (including appointment scheduling) provided by Yale Health’s new electronic health record system is available only to the patient and to anyone the patient designates as a proxy. If a patient wishes to add or subtract a proxy, he or she may do so at any time. No information regarding visits to the SHARE center is available in MyChart. Improving patients’ access to important information about their health care is an essential benefit of electronic health records. Our members consistently request more access to this kind of information, and MyChart represents a significant improvement over previous patient portals that we have offered. Activating a MyChart account is completely voluntary for Yale Health members. Information accessed through a password-protected MyChart account is completely confidential and viewable only by the account holder and any proxies that he or she has authorized to have access to this information. We discourage members from granting proxy access if they have any concerns about their proxies being able to view potentially sensitive information. The categories of information viewable within MyChart include medication lists,

PAUL GENECIN March 28 The author is the director of Yale Health.

Stop & Shop should label GMOs Labeling genetically modified organisms is important to me because I have a right to know what is in my food. At times I’ve not bought certain products because they are likely genetically modified. So we should be proud that Connecticut was the first state to pass a law requiring the labeling of GMO foods. But even though we have a law on the books, it will be years before we see it enacted — four other states have to pass similar laws before

ZANIB IQBAL March 28 The author is a senior at Southern Connecticut State University and an intern for ConnPIRG.


YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

PAGE 3

NEWS

“The inner machinations of my mind are an enigma.” PATRICK STAR STARFISH

Pinkberry to enter cold war

Tipped workers demand higher base wage BY SEBASTIAN MEDINA-TAYAC STAFF REPORTER

ELENA MALLOY/CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHER

Despite the upcoming opening of Pinkberry, other froyo shops are confident that their business will not suffer. BY POOJA SALHOTRA STAFF REPORTER When Pinkberry opens on Chapel Street next week, it will become the fifth frozen yogurt shop within a one-mile radius of the New Haven Green. The Santa Monica-based frozen yogurt shop plans to open on April 11 at 1064 Chapel St. Positioned between Panera Bread and Starbucks, the property is just around the corner from Froyo World and within walking distance of New Haven’s three other frozen yogurt shops, which have cropped up over the past three years. After Froyo World’s opening on High Street in August 2010, Flavors opened on York Street next to Toad’s Place in the fall of 2011. Two years later, Go Greenly opened at 48 Whitney Ave. and Polar Delight opened across from the Green at 940 Chapel St. Despite the steep competition, Pinkberry franchise owner Jamie Karson is confident his shop will thrive. “It was our product that launched the industry,” Karson said. “We think that our yogurt is

the best that there is, and as we go forward, we will be launching new products and new flavors that we don’t think anybody has ever tasted.” The frozen yogurt shop was originally set to open last October, but Pinkberry delayed the store opening because the company was working to launch several other locations simultaneously, according to landlord John Wareck. He added that the space had previously been occupied by Savitt Jewelers and that Pinkberry expressed interest in the property soon after Savitt Jewelers shut down in the summer of 2012. Karson, who is the former CEO of the footwear company Steve Madden Ltd., first brought Pinkberry to Connecticut after he tasted the frozen yogurt during a family vacation in Beverly Hills, California. Karson said the taste was “so extraordinary that it had to come to Connecticut.” Since trying the yogurt back in 2009, Karson has opened three branches across CT — in Fairfield, Greenwich, and Westport. After opening the New Haven location next week, he plans to launch another at the Darien rest stop off

of I-95 North. Unlike Flavors, Froyo World and Polar Delight, which are self-serve joints that charge by weight, Pinkberry is full-service and charges based on the size of the cup, Karson said. Prices at the Pinkberry shops already established in CT range from $5.25 to $7.25 based on size. Froyo World manager Thienson Nguyen said customers can get more bang for their buck at Froyo World, where the yogurt costs 49 cents per ounce. He expressed confidence that his shop will maintain its popularity. “I think some people will try out [Pinkberry], but in the longrun we will keep our customers,” he said. “Other froyo shops have opened after us, but we have remained on top.” Jay Lee, a cashier at Polar Delight, also expressed confidence in his own workplace, calling Polar Delight a “different business.” Pinkberry will offer eight of its 26 possible flavors at its New Haven location. Contact POOJA SALHOTRA at pooja.salhotra@yale.edu .

In the wake of Connecticut’s historic legislation, which will raise the minimum wage to $10.10 by 2017, tipped workers are getting a smaller piece of the pie than in years past. Tipped workers historically earned close to 70 percent of the full minimum wage, but due to pressure from the restaurant lobby, last year’s minimum wage increase lowered that proportion to 63.2 percent. Even though the minimum wage went up from $8.25 to $9 in 2013, tipped workers’ minimum wage stayed frozen at $5.69 per hour. The Connecticut Restaurant Association contended that increasing minimum wage for tipped workers would hurt businesses, and that tipped workers often make well above minimum wage already. By law, employers must make up the difference if a tipped worker does not receive minimum wage when wages and tips are combined. Though this year’s minimum wage increase will give tipped workers a raise, it will stay at the 63.2 percent proportion that was established last year, which is not enough for low-wage workers struggling to make ends meet, according to a coalition of activists lobbying for a restoration of the proportion to 70 percent. “A lot of people saw what happened last year as an injustice,” said Ana Maria Rivera, an affiliate of the Connecticut Immigrant Rights Alliance, which is heading the coalition to raise tipped workers’ wages. “I think that this is a workforce that has been ignored — they’re not unionized and their struggles largely get overlooked.” SB 60, the bill that will raise the proportion to 70 percent, has already made it through the Labor and Public Employees Committee. CIRA, along with the Working Families Party and several unions, is attempting to pass the bill by the end of legislative session, which comes at the beginning of May. Luis Luna, a tipped worker and labor advocate, has been working with CIRA to organize workers to advocate for themselves and explain the problems associated with relying primarily on tips. Rivera said such jobs are characterized by an “unpredictability” from one pay period to the next. “My income fluctuates from week to week; what don’t fluctuate are my bills,” Luna said. SB 60, if passed, will also prohibit employers from skimming and deducting credit card fees from servers’ tips, an issue that workers raised at a public hearing in the capitol held in February, which Yale stu-

dents and New Haven activists attended. “Most customers believe that when they leave a tip, it goes directly the server,” said Swapna Reddy LAW ’16, who has worked on the campaign through the Law School’s Worker and Immigrant Rights Advocacy Clinic. “But, in Connecticut there’s no part of the labor code that specifies that tips are property of the employee.“ One tipped worker, Victor Ocaña, told the News in February that his catering company collects the servers’ gratuities and pays them a flat hourly tip credit of seven dollars, pocketing the difference to boost profits. Reddy said she hopes to eventually strengthen the language in SB 60 to ensure that tips become the express property of servers. Even so, Rivera said enforcing any tipped wage law is and will continue to be difficult. She said she has heard several anecdotes from workers that employers often do not make up the difference when tips fail to close the gap between their minimum wage and full minimum wage. State Representative Peter Tercyak, cochair of the Labor and Public Employees Committee, said that SB 60 will only pass with continued lobbying of lawmakers in Hartford. For tipped workers earning minimum wage, the increase will amount to 6.8 percent of the minimum wage over the course of the next three years. “It’s really not that generous for people who spend every penny they make and never have enough to pay the bills anyway,” he said. The restaurant industry has so far been successful in keeping tipped workers’ base wage low, Rivera said, partly because many people hold misconceptions that tipped workers are usually young and with no one to support. According to a report published by the Restaurant Opportunities Centers United, the median age of tipped workers is 31. Over two thirds of them are women, and nearly half of those who have children are single mothers. However, over 20 percent of tipped restaurant workers live under the poverty line, three times the rate of the national workforce. Tercyak also cited the fact that seven states — all west of the Mississippi — require that employers pay tipped workers the full minimum wage. The federal minimum wage for tipped workers is $2.13. Contact SEBASTIAN MEDINA-TAYAC at sebastian.medina-tayac@yale.edu .

Quarrel marks vote on staff additions BY ISAAC STANLEY-BECKER STAFF REPORTER A marathon six-hour finance committee meeting ended in a shouting match early Tuesday morning as alders endorsed a plan to establish three new City Hall jobs, four shy of the mayor’s request. Alders voted seven to two to approve the creation of a director of Minority and Small Business Initiative, a bilingual receptionist and a full-time grant-writer. Alders Mike Stratton and Anna Festa — founding members of the breakaway People’s Caucus — dissented, decrying the vote as a capitulation to the mayor and an “embarrassing” expansion of government bureaucracy as City Hall prepares to raise property taxes on residents. “You should be using money for the people and not for this core, bloated bureaucracy,” said Stratton, who represents Prospect Hill and Newhallville. “You’re hurting the people. You should be embarrassed.” “You should be embarrassed,” Board of Alders President Jorge Perez fired back. Stratton stormed out of the alders’ chamber in City Hall with the promise to “see you in 2015,” implying an electoral showdown between the increasingly divided factions on the board. The source of the disagreement was Mayor Toni Harp’s ARC ’78 request for seven additional City Hall positions, six of them in her office. They included the small business director, the bilingual receptionist, a legislative director and a four-person grants-writing office. Tomas Reyes, Harp’s chief of staff, and Michael Harris ’15, her liaison to the board, testified earlier in the evening that those positions were necessary to spur economic development and tap new revenue streams. Shortly before midnight, Perez

offered a substitute amendment, giving the mayor just under half of her request. He proposed that the $80,000-per-year director of Minority and Small Business Initiative position be funded in the current fiscal year out of an already-existing small business revolving loan fund. The amendment further provides that residual grant funding will pay for the bilingual receptionist and the Director of Development and Policy, a $116,000-per-year grantswriting position.

You should be using money for the people and not for this core, bloated bureaucracy.

make its way into the mayor’s budget as evidence of the City Hall’s priorities. He said the measure takes services away from residents and “bloats” central government instead, calling the committee’s vote “disgusting.” Jessica Holmes of Ward 9 and Jeanette Morrison of Ward 22 came to Harp’s defense, saying that providing additional opportunities for Spanish-speakers to interface with their government will allow new segments of the population to have their voices heard. Holmes said the evidence Harris cited from other cities was compelling. Hartford and Bridgeport employ fulltime grant writers and have had demonstrated success in winning state and national grants, Harris testified.

Currently individual departments write grant applications on an ad hoc basis. Morrison defended the grant writer’s projected salary of $116,000, which Festa said was much too high. Morrison said competitive compensation is necessary to lure talent to City Hall. Morrison also played peacemaker when passions ran hot following the vote, telling Stratton to “walk away” after a standoff with committee chair Andrea JacksonBrooks, during which he accused her of being complicit in what he described as wasteful bureaucracy. Jackson-Brooks threatened legal action. “You don’t know a thing about me,” she said. “And buddy, you better be careful … I will have my

lawyer on your case and you can deal with him.” Festa called the personnel increases “unconscionable.” She said she had received numerous phone calls, text messages and emails that evening alone asking her to vote against the mayor’s request. She said new hires should have to prove themselves before they make six-figure salaries, and that other Spanish speakers working for the city could be moved around to cover the need for a bilingual receptionist in the mayor’s office. The office already employs one receptionist full-time and another part-time. Perez said he was convinced that staffing level is not sufficient to handle the volume of calls.

Stratton said Harp already has six secretarial positions in her office, an estimate Perez denied as an “allegation.” Perez said 30 percent of the city’s population relies on Spanish as their primary mode of communication, justifying the need for bilingual capacity. Harris and Reyes said if the positions do not prove themselves to be financially solvent, they will be eliminated. The vote was preceded by detailed budget presentations by a number of city departments, standard procedure as the city prepares a new budget set to take effect July 1. Contact ISAAC STANLEYBECKER at isaac.stanley-becker@yale.edu .

MIKE STRATTON Alder, Ward 19

The legislative director position was nixed, and three of the four grant-writing positions were denied. The leftover money from the residual grant funding will pay for outside contracting with grant writers, the amendment states. That proposal will now go to the full board for a vote. Perez said the proposal gives Harp the leeway to “live or die by her policy.” “You have a new mayor and a $511 million budget, and you can’t even give her these new positions?” Perez said. “At some point she’s going to be up for re-election and going to have to face the voters and they will say, ‘You promised this and you promised that, and you didn’t do it.’” Stratton attacked Perez’s logic as brazenly political. He pointed to the requested addition of a Spanish-language librarian in the city’s libraries, a line item that did not

ISAAC STANLEY-BECKER/CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHER

The Board of Alders debated the creation of seven new positions at City Hall, ultimately voting to approve three of them.


PAGE 4

YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

FROM THE FRONT

“You can’t always trust quotes you find on the Internet.” ABRAHAM LINCOLN VAMPIRE SLAYER

Premeds not strongly affected CHANGING PREMED REQUIREMENTS +1 semester

—1 semester

Bioc hem Biochemistry istr

Organic Chemistry

y

YALE PREMED CHANGES

OH

Added one semester of biochemistry

NEW MCAT TEST SECTIONS AFTER SPRING 2015 OLD REQUIREMENTS AT DUKE SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

Cellular biology

General physics

Shortened one year of organic chemistry to one semester

Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

Psychological, Social and Biological Foundations of Behavior

Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills

Biochemistry

Math (1 semester of calculus or AP equivalent)

Sociology

Expository writing (2 semesters)

NEW REQUIREMENTS AT DUKE FOR 2015-16 CYCLE

Biochemistry

Cellular biology

Statistics/biostatistics

Physics

Sociology

Expository writing

Psychology

JASON KIM/PRODUCTION AND DESIGN EDITOR

MED SCHOOL FROM PAGE 1 those who are bored to tears because they know it very well, while for others it’s a real struggle,” Schwartz said. “The idea [in adding biochemistry] was how do we make the path of all our students more uniform?” The change will not be implemented until the next admissions cycle, giving premedical students a chance to fulfill the requirement if they have not done so yet, said Michael Koelle, the director of undergraduate studies for Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry. But in practice, he said the change will likely have little effect on either students’ schedules or biochemistry enrollment because Yale’s premedical advising department has been recommending that students take a semester of biochemistry for many years. Several premedical students interviewed said the paring down of the organic chemistry requirement is also unlikely to change their coursework. “Most students will take a full year of organic chemistry anyway, because other

schools require a full year, and you won’t change your schedule just to fit this individual school,” Seungju Hwang ’17 said. “The lack of uniformity [between schools] is stupid.” Yale is revising its requirements amid a nationwide movement to reevaluate what medical schools should be looking for in prospective students. In 2009, the Association of American Medical Colleges convened a national commission to examine outdated admissions standards that had not been updated in decades, Koelle said. The commission, which included medical school Dean Robert Alpern, published a report advocating for more competency and skillbased admissions requirements rather than requirements based solely around curricula, he said. But Koelle said many of these recommendations have not been fully realized. The newly revised Medical College Admission Test now tests areas in the social sciences and statistics, but has not adapted any of the other areas traditionally tested, such as chemistry or physics, he said.

MENTAL HEALTH FROM PAGE 1 student advisory committee that will relay undergraduate concerns to Yale Health. Finally, the email stated that Yale Health will revamp its MH&C website to make resources more accessible. Genecin wrote that the changes, all of which are all slated to go into effect this spring, come in response to a September report from the Yale College Council about the state of mental health treatment at Yale and to a series of op-eds published in the News. “[These changes] are a lot about communication and social media,” Genecin said in a Monday afternoon interview. “There’s a big communication gap, and we need a lot of help with that from our students.” The YCC report recommended centralizing all information about mental health resources, improving public discussion to reduce stigma, and improving student leadership training to equip team captains and club leaders with mental health know-how.

We don’t think the wait time [before intake] is too excessive. JOHN GERLACH ’14 Author of Yale College Council report

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Student advisory group convened

“I don’t think it’s a great idea to just layer on this new requirement on the students without restructuring things,” Koelle said. “The whole premed curriculum is full of absurdities, because we have a 100-year-old expectation of what you ought to take to go to medical school. Premed students are burdened with taking a huge number of course credits to be eligible to apply to medical school, and that takes away from other aspects of their liberal arts education.” Nevertheless, Schwartz said that the discussion is ongoing, and he believes admissions criteria and medical curricula around the country will start to broaden. He cited Duke University’s medical school as one that has already modified its admissions requirements for the 2015–’16 cycle to include skills in sociology, psychology and expository writing. The University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine has not had specific course requirements since the early 1990s, said Gaye Sheffler, the director of admissions at the Perelman School of Medicine.

Instead, she said the school evaluates applicants’ competence based on a holistic review of their test scores, coursework, letters of recommendation and more. Schwartz said the Yale School of Medicine will likely not radically change its policies in the near future because it does not want to become so different that it would be a challenge for students to meet additional requirements in order to apply to Yale compared to peer institutions. “Our requirements for our majors reflect what we think is in the best education interest of the students,” Koelle said. “We wish that people who run the MCAT and medical schools could get together and reform their expectations of students to a more rational system, but in the meantime we have to do what’s best for actually educating our students to become physicians and scientists.” 4,103 students applied to the M.D. program for the class of 2016.

According to Reuben Hendler ’14, one of the authors of the YCC report, the initiatives proposed Monday are a natural progression both from the report’s recommendations and student meetings with Yale Health administrators. Echoing Genecin’s statements, Hendler said that one of the advisory committee’s main goals is improving communication between students and Yale Health administrators. ”There was a lot of information about mental health and counseling that we thought would be helpful for students to be able to access simply and easily,” Hendler said. To improve communication between students and MH&C, Genecin said Yale Health will hold meetings with undergraduates at residential colleges between April 4 and April 24. Students can sign up online for one of four sessions, each of which is capped at 25 students. The student advisory committee will be composed of the authors of the Yale College Coun-

cil report — Hendler, John Gerlach ’14 and Mira Vale ’13 — and the undergraduate leaders of the Coalition for Mental Health & Wellbeing at Yale. According to Genecin, the committee will help MH&C better understand student concern about mental health services. The group will also help MH&C decide how best to structure resources — whether a certain program should be available at Yale Health or through an affiliated program such as Walden Peer Counseling. “We’re continuing a conversation that started with the YCC report by adding students’ voices that haven’t been added before,” Gerlach said. In an effort to improve accessibility to mental health services, MH&C will soon release a video giving an overview of available resources, and the main mental health website will be revamped to make those resources more accessible. While the YCC report recommended that MH&C hire additional therapists, Genecin said the challenges MH&C encounter are more complicated than staffing. “We don’t think the waiting time [before intake] is too excessive,” Genecin said. “We think that students don’t come in with a good set of expectations based on what we’re providing.” Still, according to YCC President Danny Avraham ’15, who was in discussion with Genecin and other Yale administrators last year leading up to the release of the report, staffing issues were addressed in conversation, and the administration is still considering ways to deal with those concerns. Despite the campus’s increased focus on mental health, of six students interviewed Monday evening only one had read the email from Genecin, while another had skimmed it. Dara Huggins ’17 said she does not doubt the intentions of the administration, but she is concerned about whether they will follow through with promised initiatives. She added that the Yale Health administration should keep students up to date about what they have and have not accomplished, so the student body can know whether mental health issues are actually being addressed. According to a survey in the YCC mental health report, roughly 39 percent of Yale undergraduates visit Mental Health & Counseling during their time at Yale. Contact HANNAH SCHWARZ at hannah.schwarz@yale.edu .

Fill this space here. JOIN@YALEDAILYNEWS.COM

POYNTER

FELLOWSHIP IN JOURNALISM

Contact VIVIAN WANG at vivian.y.wang@yale.edu .

David González ‘79

Co-editor, New York Times Lens Blog

“Latino New York” April 1 4:30 pm Ezra Stiles Master’s Tea 19 Tower Parkway


YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

PAGE 5

NEWS

“In the beginning, the Universe was created. This has made a lot of people very angry and been widely regarded as a bad move.” DOUGLAS ADAMS INTERSTELLAR HITCHHIKER

Bennack talks success BY LILLIAN CHILDRESS STAFF REPORTER The secret to succeeding in business is not just hard work — diverse interests, the ability to work with others and a fair amount of luck matter too, according to Frank Bennack Jr. Bennack — who is the executive vice chairman and former CEO of the Hearst Corporation, the massive media company that owns Cosmopolitan and Harper’s Bazaar, among other magazines, newspapers and television programs — shared his professional journey with approximately 30 people at a Master’s Tea Monday afternoon in Timothy Dwight College. Starting with his humble beginnings as a classified advertising salesman for a San Antonio newspaper, Bennack talked about his journey through the media world in the digital age and his experiences as CEO of one of the largest media corporations in the world. Bennack said he was able to navigate Hearst by having a flexible definition of success. “[Many students] think that only a job that fits their idea of success is good enough for them, and that’s a mistake,” Bennack said. “They try to be the senator instead of first working for the good of the country.” Bennack said every job that he has had in his career — whether it was working as a DJ for the local radio station, a stand-up comedian or a newscaster — has been ultimately useful in shaping the way he approaches work. He urged students to take advantage of the opportunities available to them, especially at a place like Yale. No experience is insignificant, he said. Bennack also stressed the importance of having a broad range of interests and skills, including social and cultural

interests like charity work, music or art. “There’s a world outside what we do for a living, and being involved in that is a very important ingredient for success,” Bennack said. “Be broad and be eclectic in your interests,” he added. Bennack also highlighted the importance of maintaining the absolute integrity and respect of business relationships through an anecdote about the Hearst Corporation’s partnership with ABC to buy cable channels such as ESPN, the History Channel and Lifetime in the early days of cable television. At the time, Bennack said neither he nor the CEO of ABC knew if the venture would make money. But if they lost money, at least the losses would be spread out between the two of them, he said. “Every time you do something, it’s going to be a part of your record and a part of who you are,” Bennack said. “Don’t ever think no one will remember if you do something dishonest or unethical.” Nell Meosky ’14 said she found Bennack’s reflections on how he structured his early career interesting. She added that Bennack’s emphasis on working toward the future instead of dwelling on past accomplishments could be seen as strange at a place like Yale. Alison Hutchinson ’15, another student who attended the Tea, said it was refreshing to hear someone from the older generation’s opinion on today’s college students. “It’s always enlightening to hear a CEO say that he doesn’t want robots working for him,” Hutchinson added. Bennack stepped down as CEO of the Hearst Corporation in 2013 after serving for over 28 years. Contact LILLIAN CHILDRESS at lillian.childress@yale.edu .

Alumni compete for Corporation seat BY MATTHEW LLOYD-THOMAS STAFF REPORTER Come July, the Yale Corporation will have a new alumni fellow within its ranks. Gina Raimondo LAW ’98 and Gina Boswell SOM ’89 are the only two candidates in an election for the open alumni fellow seat on the Corporation. Last week, Raimondo, the state treasurer of Rhode Island and a candidate for governor, and Boswell, a corporate executive at Unilever, were announced as candidates to fill the seat of Peter Dervan GRD ’72. Dervan, whose term as an alumni fellow finishes this June, was named a successor trustee last week. The Corporation is composed of 10 successor trustees appointed by the Corporation and six alumni fellows elected by the alumni body. All serve six-year terms. The two candidates come from dramatically different backgrounds, and the election has the potential to slightly alter the balance of professions represented on the Corporation. If elected, Raimondo would become the only elected public official on the Corporation. Boswell, meanwhile, would be the ninth corporate figure on the University’s governing body. Boswell was born in New Haven, where her extended family is notable for owning Pepe’s Pizzeria. Before coming to the Yale School of Management, Boswell attended Boston University, receiving a degree in business administration. Since then, she has worked at corporate giants Estee Lauder, the Ford Motor Company, Avon and Unilever, where she is currently responsible for brands such as Dove and Vaseline. “Having been born and raised in New Haven, I have known all my life the special magic of the Yale community,” Boswell said. “When I attended [SOM], it was like coming home for me. I’d like to serve as an alumni fellow to contribute to building the modern Yale community and its education of the future.” Raimondo, meanwhile, was born in Smithfield, R.I. and came to Yale by way of Harvard and a Rhodes scholarship at the University of Oxford. Following her time at the Law School, Raimondo clerked for a U.S. District Judge in New York before founding a venture capital firm. In Nov. 2010, she was elected the general treasurer of the state of Rhode Island. She announced her candidacy for governor in January. Boswell and Raimondo are both members of a number of charitable boards. Boswell currently serves on the University Council, a 34-member group that advises the University president. The Office of the University Secretary emailed alumni with a link to an online voting system last week. Alumni can vote through May 18. On the voting website, the candidates did not provide platforms, but instead simply presented their biographies. Alumni interviewed expressed little

THE DERVAN GROUP

Peter Dervan GRD ’72 will finish his term as an alumni fellow on the Yale Corporation this June, allowing Gina Raimondo LAW ’98 and Gina Boswell SOM ’89 to compete for his seat. interest in the election. Of nine contacted, none had voted yet, and only two said they planned on voting. None had decided which candidate to support. Many alumni have chosen to leave the email unopened. “I tend to not open emails from the University because usually they’re asking for money,” said Michael Stevens ’61 DIV ’64. Of those interviewed who voted in previous elections for alumni fellow seats on the Corporation, none said they had a particular method of choosing between candidates. Most said they simply look at the candidates’ resumes, what organizations they are involved in outside of work and what contributions they have made to the University as alumni. “It’s just basically been an ad hoc determination based on the specific credentials and experience of the different candidates,” Mark Olinksy ’78 said. Alumni expressed mixed opinions on whether they would like to see a smaller contingent of corporate leaders on the Corporation. “Diversity is a very good idea,” said William Frederick ’63, a professor at Ohio University. “Part of the problem with

people from corporations it seems is they think of the bottom line and the bottom line isn’t what we should always keep first in our minds as far as the university is concerned. The university isn’t a corporation and education shouldn’t be corporatized.” Cynthia Tsai SPH ’07 expressed a similar sentiment, saying that she thinks a range of perspectives on the Corporation would be beneficial. Other alumni, though, had little opinion on the matter. Mark Baran ’78, for instance, said he did not regard the predominance of corporate figures on the Corporation as problematic. Other alumni agreed. “I don’t consider that something that either by itself qualifies or disqualifies,” Olinsky said. Boswell said values that have served her well in business — notably community, relationships and diversity — would also serve her well on the Yale Corporation. Any Yale College alumni of the class of 2008 or older, along with any alumni of Yale’s graduate and professional schools who has received their degree, are eligible to vote in the election. Contact MATTHEW LLOYD-THOMAS at matthew.lloyd-thomas@yale.edu .


PAGE 6

YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

FROM THE FRONT Shuttle routes limited

SHUTTLE FROM PAGE 1 mental change — combining Yale’s Shuttle Service with New Haven’s CT Transit system. “The Yale shuttle is Yale’s way of saying that some areas of [the] city are good to live in and some are not,” she said. “The point I wanted to get across was as much about the collateral impact. Maybe the best idea in terms of transportation is to invest in the public transportation system rather than have a duplicate system.” Justin Elicker FES ’10 SOM ’10, who championed the idea of combining the two bus systems as a mayoral candidate last fall, said he agrees with Holmes’ proposal from both an environmental and ethical perspective. He disagreed that Yale would potentially have an outsized footprint in the Fair Haven neighborhood, saying that the area where the proposed shuttle would run — on the edges of Fair

Haven where it borders East Rock — is not already heavily occupied. Undergraduates — when they do use the Yale Shuttle — may only be familiar with its Blue Line, which covers Science Hill and the western side of Old Campus, as well as the Yale Medical Center. The shuttle’s other two daytime lines — the Red and the Orange — serve cover Union Station, Yale’s new School of Nursing and its laboratories in West Haven, and East Rock. The significance of a Yale Shuttle expansion was not lost on the occupants of the Hall of Graduate Studies, where promotional leaflets for businesses and apartments in Westville and Wooster Square — two neighborhoods not currently serviced by the Yale Shuttle — line the walls of the Center for Student Life. Of the 10 Yale employees and students interviewed, five said they use the shuttle daily for work or study. Some, like Akshay Didix

GRD ’14, considered Yale’s shuttle route when determining where to live in New Haven. “It definitely was a consideration,” he said. “I knew the route of the Blue Line and I knew that those were the places I was going to visit.” Justin White GRD ’14 said that the cost of living in East Rock is “crazy” compared to other parts of New Haven. White said he and his wife would prefer to look for cheaper housing in other neighborhoods but added that students would not want to pay for unreliable public transportation when they could get a better one for free. “Given the problems with the public transportation system, grad students will go with the least expensive option,” he said. The Yale Shuttle provides over one million rides a year. Contact DAVID BLUMENTHAL at david.blumenthal@yale.edu .

PIKACHU

Fewer students abroad CIPE FROM PAGE 1

YALE

“PIKAAAACHUUUUUUUU!”

during the 2012-’13 academic year. Last year, two employees of CIPE — Cristin Siebert and Karyn Jones — left their respective posts for other opportunities. Siebert was Yale Summer Session director of academic programs abroad and Karyn Jones was director of study abroad for designated nonYale study abroad programs for year and term. Without these two women, Edwards said CIPE was unable to advise as many students as it had in prior years. “Without having the time to consult with advisors and see all their options, it makes sense that not as many students chose to study abroad this term,” she said. Edwards added that CIPE has since replaced its outgoing personnel and is now fully-staffed. Although year to year numbers may fluctuate, all four administrators in CIPE interviewed said it is likely that the number of students who pursue international opportunities or experiences will grow in the coming years as the global economy recovers and becomes even more interconnected. Still, Katie Bell, deputy director of CIPE, said the office saw the departure of Jones and Siebert as an opportunity to streamline the process by which students are advised on international experiences. In prior years, Bell said Siebert reported to Yale Summer Session, an office within CIPE, and her responsibilities included all faculty-led summer abroad programs. Jones was responsible for dealing with students who chose to study abroad during an academic term or year. “After [Jones and Siebert] left, we decided to take this as an opportunity to consolidate Summer Session and term and year study abroad into one office that reports directly to dean Edwards,” Bell said.

Edwards added that although finding new staff was a lengthy process, the revised study abroad structure will enhance CIPE’s efficiency. Tina Johnson, who joined CIPE this year as the newly created director of all study abroad programs, said this change will also improve the advice students are receiving. “Each student who is considering study abroad also has financial and academic considerations that are unique to him or her,” Johnson said. She added that because of these varying circumstances, it might make more sense for some students to study abroad during an academic term or over the summer. Peggy Blumenthal, senior counselor and advisor at the Institute for International Education, said the declining number of students either studying or interning abroad is typical of broader national trends. Many students are still affected by the poor economy, she said. She added that internship opportunities have been particularly affected in Europe, as many previously popular destinations such as Spain are facing economic hardships. Director of Undergraduate Career Services Jeanine Dames said it is possible that fewer students may be pursuing study abroad programs either in the summer or in the academic year because more international internship opportunities are opening up each year. She added that UCS continues to expand its international internship offerings both in terms of geography and the type of jobs which students can pursue. Still, Dames said more data needs to be accumulated. Edwards said she is looking to expand the number of opportunities for students to study STEM

subjects abroad. She added that the office is continually in dialogue with faculty to encourage more departments to permit students to take more courses overseas for credit at Yale. Both Edwards and Bell added that they hope more opportunities for students to study Arabic will arise in the future. Only eight students studied Arabic abroad during the 2012-’13 academic year compared to 109 students studying Chinese abroad. Blumenthal said Yale’s difficulty in providing such opportunities for its students is emblematic of broader national problems, adding that many Arabic-speaking countries are too dangerous for schools to establish summer programs in. Johnson said she hopes more students will take the opportunity to study abroad during the academic year, adding that the relatively small number of Yale undergraduates who study abroad was the one big culture shock she experienced in transitioning to Yale from her previous position as head of the study abroad program at Randolph College in Virginia. But all three students interviewed said it was unlikely that study abroad during the academic year will become common at Yale. Gabriel Reynoso-Palley ’16 said he studied abroad in France last summer because he knew his extracurricular commitments did not allow him to study abroad during an academic year. Roger Pellegrino ’16 said many students believe their time at Yale is too limited to spend an entire semester abroad. The number of students participating in international experiences peaked in the 2009-’10 academic year with 1,317 students. Contact RISHABH BHANDARI at rishabh.bhandari@yale.edu .


YALE DAILY NEWS 路 TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 路 yaledailynews.com

NEWS

PAGE 7


YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

PAGE 8

SPORTS

PEOPLE IN THE NEWS SIDD FINCH The high school phenom announced that he will be attending Yale University to play baseball and french horn for the Yale Symphony Orchestra. The fireballer has been recorded throwing a baseball as fast as 168 miles per hour.

Basketball still alive in CIT

For Elis, perfect Sunday MEN’S TENNIS FROM PAGE 12

Yale up on Thursday with the winner of Pacific and Murray State. But the Bulldogs’ performance in the tournament has already been historic regardless of the outcome. Before this year, Yale had just one postseason win in its history, a 67–65 victory over Rutgers in the first round of the National Invitational Tournament in 2002. Yale has already won three tournament games this year. But Jones said the Elis have not yet thought about the historical significance of their performance. “We just want to keep going, trying to win games that we think we’re capable of,” Jones said. “At the end of the season we’ll look back upon what we’ve done, and maybe put a name to it, but right now we just want to play the next opponent.” Tip-off will occur in Lexington, Va. at 7:00 p.m. tonight. The game will air on CBS Sports Network.

“We had a tough loss against St. John’s on Saturday but we will learn from it and make some adjustments both physically and mentally going into Ivies,” Faierman said. Adjustments stemming from the defeat seemed to come even earlier, however, and the Elis bounced back against Fordham and Bryant. Yale managed a perfect Sunday afternoon, dismantling both squads 7–0. Against Fordham, Lu continued his winning ways at the No. 1 spot, defeating Mad Najfield 6–3, 3–6, 1–0. Zachary Krumholz ’15 bounced back in impressive fashion after a 0–6 first set loss to win his matchup 0–6, 6–2, 7–6 in a comeback at the No. 5 seed. Coming into doubles play, Yale had claimed six of seven available points and secured the win. Nevertheless, the Elis took the final point on the back of a Lu and Svenning 8–5 win. Yale proved equally dominant against Bryant, which the Bulldogs took on later that afternoon. Lu managed to cap off the weekend with his third straight singles win, defeating Bryant’s Dana Parziale at the No. 1 seed, while Faierman had perhaps the most dominant singles performance of the afternoon, winning 6–1, 6–0. In doubles, the Bulldogs continued their stifling play, sweeping Bryant in decisive fashion. Lu and Svenning posted an authoritative 8–3 victory while Faierman and Alex Hagermoser ’17 won 8–4. The loss dropped Bryant to a 10–10 overall record, while the Elis ascended to 11–4, cementing their status as a top-75 squad in the nation. “Losing in such a close match on Saturday was definitely really tough but we really managed to bounce back and sweep both matches Sunday which was good,” Lu said. “Hopefully we can use the St. John’s match as motivation and experience for the upcoming Ivies.” The Yale men’s tennis team currently sits at No. 68 in the ITA national rankings and begins Ivy League play this coming Saturday against Princeton.

Contact GREG CAMERON at greg.cameron@yale.edu .

Contact MARC CUGNON at marc.cugnon@yale.edu .

KATHRYN CRANDALL/PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

The Elis have won three postseason games so far this year. MEN’S BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 12 for us.” The Keydets advanced to the semifinal of the CIT after narrowly handling Ohio 92–90 last week. That may sound like an unusually high score, but for VMI, NBA-level scoring totals have been the norm all season. VMI is the highest-scoring team in the nation with 89.0 points per game, over two points per game more than Northwestern State, the second-ranked team in this category. The Keydets have scored triple digits in 10 games this season, including twice in the CIT. “As a team, we have to commit to the defensive end,” Duren said. “We have to make sure that every shot is tough and not allow second-chance points. Our transition defense has to be good as well.” Yale has only surpassed VMI’s average once, when it topped Central Connecticut State 93–77 in its first game of the season.

Still, these numbers do not tell the whole story. The Keydets have put up high scores by putting less focus on their defense, which has allowed 82.8 points per game — the third-highest figure in Division-I basketball. “We’re looking for them to try to have a simple high-flying game,” Yale head coach James Jones said. “We haven’t seen anybody like this before … We just have to really smart with our opportunities offensively.” VMI’s scoring has been primarily focused on the three players who have started all 34 of its games: center D.J. Covington and guards Q.J. Peterson and Rodney Glasgow. All three players are averaging about 20 points per game, while Covington has grabbed an average of 9.4 rebounds per game. The Bulldogs also have their share of high scorers. Last week, Duren went off for a career-high 33 points at Columbia to fuel a second-half comeback and 72–69 victory. Duren had been absent in Yale’s earlier loss to Columbia due to injury.

Though Duren was the answer for Yale in its last game, he said that an individual’s offensive performance is generally not enough to secure a victory. “The good thing about our team is how balanced we can be scoring the ball,” Duren said. “We don’t have to have one guy with a great contribution in order to win, so I’d say it’s definitely going to take a team effort to win.” Duren’s performance late in the game highlighted the ability of the Bulldogs, particularly recently, to close out tight games. All three wins in the CIT have been decided by five or fewer points. In all, Yale is 7–2 in such games this season. “I think that’s something that you have to learn as a team,” Jones said. “We’ve had enough of these close games that we feel pretty comfortable coming down the stretch. We make less mistakes than the other team, and that usually results in a victory.” A win in the game would match

Quakers hold steady against Yale baseball BASEBALL FROM PAGE 12

YDN

The baseball team will face Columbia in a doubleheader in New York today.

ter Kevin Fortunato ’14 and a single by Hanson, Campbell singled to drive home a pair of Bulldog runners. Though the Quakers (8–10, 2–0) notched a run off starter Michael Coleman ’14, Hunter got it back and then some with another twobagger in the second. This hit came with a pair of runners on base, both of whom came around to score. After Coleman went three up and three down in the second and right fielder Brent Lawson ’16 hit an RBI single to extend Yale’s lead to 5–1, things looked good for the Elis. “To me, that is a sign of a team that is not giving up on an inning,” Hanson said of the team’s penchant for clutch two-out hitting. “[But] to get the offense going a little earlier, we simply need to have a more aggressive mindset. We need to do a better job in those early atbats of not missing pitches that we can drive.” But the Bulldog bats went quiet just as Penn’s heated up. A homer from Rick Brebner cut Yale’s lead to 5–3, and a bases-loaded single in the fourth tied the game. Four more runs in the fifth, courtesy of a double and a homer, gave the Quakers a 9–5 lead they would never

relinquish. With just six outs left, the Elis finally started their rally, but the clutch hitting present earlier in the game was not quite there. Campbell reached on an error and third baseman Tom O’Neill ’16 walked to put two on with nobody out. A single by catcher Robert Baldwin ’15 loaded the bases with a single out. An RBI fielder’s choice from second baseman Nate Adams ’16, however, was the only run that the Bulldogs could scrape across. In the final frame, Yale notched three more runs on a long bomb by O’Neill, but a strikeout ended the game at 11–9. “Baseball is a weird game,” Hanson said. “I am still very confident in our ability to win games regardless of what happened today. Sometimes a team gets hot at the plate right when they need to. That just wasn’t us today.” Campbell agreed, saying that one of the great things about baseball is the ability to play day after day and move past previous struggles. Yale plays a doubleheader today at Columbia, with the first pitch coming at noon. Contact GRANT BRONSDON at grant.bronsdon@yale.edu .

Penn holds off softball SOFTBALL FROM PAGE 12 the first game, mustering only two hits for the third consecutive game. Left fielder Carolyn McGuire ’17 singled in the top of the second inning, but was left on base. Shortstop Brittany Labbadia ’16, who also played well against the Lions, accounted for the second hit of the game with a single in the sixth inning. Labbadia also reached base on an error in the fourth inning before being wiped out on a double play. Third baseman Hannah Brennan ’15 was the only other player to reach first base, walking in the fourth inning. The Elis went threeup, three-down in every odd-numbered inning, failing to put pressure on the Penn defense. “We’re looking for some timely hitting to push some runs across the board,” head coach Jen Goodwin said in an email. “When we get that we’ll be in a better position to win ball games.” Penn scored early against Yale,

when designated hitter Alexis Sargent homered in her first at-bat following a single by third baseman Kayla Dahlerbruch. The Quakers struck again in the second inning, adding another run to the board. Ace pitcher Alexis Borden would not need any more support from her offense, pitching a complete game shutout. Yale turned to pitcher Lindsay Efflandt ’17 for the second consecutive day, and she turned in another solid performance. Efflandt went six innings, allowing three earned runs on seven hits and one walk while striking out three. “I’ve been pleased with freshman pitcher Lindsay Efflandt,” Goodwin said. “[She] has kept us in every game she has pitched.” The Bulldogs trotted out a slightly different lineup in game two, hoping to turn their fortunes around. The Elis outhit the Quakers in game two 7–5, but were unable to push runs across the plate, losing 3–0.

Captain and center fielder Tori Balta ’14 singled in the first inning, but was called for the third out moments later for leaving the base early, killing a shot at an early rally. Yale had a good start to the third inning, with designated hitter Lauren Delgadillo ’16 doubling to right field. The next batter, left fielder Allie Souza ’16 then singled to put runners on the corners. Delgadillo was lifted for pinch runner Ceri Godinez ’17, but the Bulldogs were prevented from scoring when Godinez was thrown out at the plate. The Elis had another opportunity in the fourth inning, when Brennan singled and moved to second base on a sacrifice bunt. First baseman Camille Weisenbach ’17 singled with two outs, but although Brennan moved to third, she would not score as the next batter struck out. Brenna singled again to lead off the top of the sixth inning, but was stranded on the base paths for the second time that day. The Quakers were powered by

two home runs in the second game. Sargent, who served as the designated hitter in game one and pitched in game two, homered for the second time in two games in the home half of the second inning. Penn scored again in the third inning, and a home run by right fielder Leah Allen gave the Quakers a three run lead they would not relinquish. Glass started the second game for the Bulldogs, allowing three runs on five hits in four innings and striking out one. Glass was then relieved by pitcher Kristen Leung ’14, who kept the Quakers hitless for two innings while striking out two and walking one. The Elis will travel to Massachusetts for a doubleheader on Wednesday beginning at 3 p.m. before resuming Ivy League play at home against Cornell and Princeton on Friday and Saturday, respectively. Contact ASHLEY WU at ashley.e.wu@yale.edu .

YDN

The softball team will host Cornell and Princeton this weekend.


YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

PAGE 9

BULLETIN BOARD

TODAY’S FORECAST

TOMORROW

Sunny, with a high near 53. North wind around 7 mph becoming west in the afternoon.

THURSDAY

High of 56, low of 37.

High of 55, low of 35.

SCIENCE HILL BY SPENCER KATZ

ON CAMPUS TUESDAY, APRIL 1 4:00 p.m. “Ukraine, the EU and Russia: What Now?” Join Yale political science professor and director of EU Studies David Cameron for a talk about the complexities of the political situation in Ukraine, and how Europe can best react to it. Luce Hall (34 Hillhouse Ave.), Rm. 203. 7:00 p.m. Sacred Harp Singing. New singers and visitors are always welcome to join in singing from “The Sacred Harp,” an American shape-note songbook first published in 1844. Its eclectic repertoire includes tunes inherited from the folk tradition, New England hymns, and modern music of the Sacred Harp diaspora. Stoeckel Hall (96 Wall St.), Rm. B01.

DOONESBURY BY GARRY TRUDEAU

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2 12:00 p.m. “Chinese Slavery: The Double-Edged Sword of State Power.” Historically, Chinese emperors prohibited the enslavement of regular subjects yet reserved slave labor as a punishment that could be handed out against enemies of the state. How did frontier people who found themselves in the way of Chinese imperial conquests face this double-edged sword? How does this historical experience compare with other imperial state projects? 230 Prospect Street (230 Prospect St.), Rm. 101. 8:00 p.m. Open Mic at Sunken Sounds. Seasoned performers, first-time performers, friends of performers and foes of performers are all invited to Sunken Sounds’ third open mic. Sign-up is at the door, and all styles of music are welcome. Morse College (304 York St.), Morse-Stiles Crescent Theater.

THURSDAY, APRIL 3 5:30 p.m. Lecture: “In Between Places: Contemporary Art and the Middle East.” Glenn D. Lowry, the director of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, will discuss contemporary Islamic art and its relationship to the changing cultural and political forces that are shaping the Middle East. Lowry has written on a range of topics from 16th-century Mughal art and architecture to the role of the museum in today’s society. Yale University Art Gallery (1111 Chapel St.).

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YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY With brain scan, a face reconstructed

ANNELISA LEINBACH/ILLUSTRATIONS EDITOR

BY APARNA NATHAN CONTRIBUTING REPORTER New neuroscience research may provide us with a way to see the world through other people’s eyes. The study, which was the senior thesis of current University of California, Berkeley graduate student Alan Cowen ’13, used fMRI imaging to reconstruct facial images. Subjects were presented with a series of faces, and the researchers were able to recreate the images based on subjects’ brain activity. The study was the first ever to reconstruct images of faces from brain activity alone and allowed researchers to peek into the black box of subjective experience,

said Marvin Chun, Yale professor of psychology and study coauthor. “Scientists benefit from improved ways to study neural representation,” Chun said. “Many futuristic movies have elements of mind reading, so this kind of work brings science fiction closer to reality.” The study builds upon previous research in the fields of visual perception and image reconstruction. Cowen, who was an undergraduate working in Chun’s lab at the time and is a co-author of the study, was inspired by similar studies carried out at Berkeley, Chun said. The researchers showed subjects pictures of eigenfaces — derivatives of normal faces that

are manipulated to highlight basic components of the original face. During the training phase, the six subjects were presented with eigenfaces, and their brain activity was recorded with fMRI in order to determine the locations and levels of activity triggered by each facial feature. Activity was measured both in areas of the brain that process visual stimuli and in regions known to process faces. The researchers were curious whether faces could be reconstructed without brain activity from regions of visual processing, allowing the team to understand not only how the brain sees images, but how it understands faces, Cowen said. After initial fMRI measure-

ments, subjects’ brains were imaged once more as they viewed 30 test faces. Without referencing the test faces, researchers were able to reconstruct them by matching the measured brain activity to the original brain activity triggered by the eigenfaces. All the original eigenfaces were generated by a computer program capable of identifying basic facial features, and the objective accuracy of the final reconstructions was also tested by computational means. However, in order to ensure that the reconstructions could be useful to humans, the subjects were also asked to determine if the reconstructions accurately represented the original faces.

Both humans and computers reported that the fMRI reconstructions accurately recreated the original faces, even when brain activity from the visual processing centers was excluded. “The method offers an exciting way to ‘see’ what is being remembered or misremembered when we recall a face,” said Brice Kuhl, professor of psychology at New York University and study co-author. Understanding how the brain responds to faces could lead to insights in diverse fields, according to the study’s co-authors. Implicit prejudices against certain races could influence how an individual’s brain processes facial images, such as making faces of other races appear

darker or angrier, Cowen said. Disordered face processing is also a symptom of autism, Kuhl said, and this new way of reconstructing images could enable scientists to visualize how autistic individuals see faces. This research has the potential to provide new access to what people see, experience and think, Chun said. “Face recognition is one of the human brain’s most remarkable and important functions, so being able to decode that is significant,” Chun said. The study appeared in the journal NeuroImage on March 17. Contact APARNA NATHAN at aparna.nathan@yale.edu .

Physician experience impacts end of life care BY VIVIAN WANG STAFF REPORTER Physicians’ level of training may influence how willing they are to comply with patients’ end of life requests, according to the findings of a new Yale study. After compiling the results of several hundred surveys mailed to Connecticut-area physicians, researchers found that attending physicians were more likely than residents to honor patients’ requests in certain cases. The most commonly cited reason for attendings’ willingness to comply was their experience with similar situations in their own careers. For co-author John Thomas MED ’12, the study suggests possible benefits to implementing specific end-of-life training for medical students. “We were encouraged by the results of the study,” Thomas said. “There are changes that seem to be occurring during residency, probably because of clinical experiences that physicians are having in their training.” The survey asked physicians about their willingness to honor a patient’s request in five scenarios: when the patient requests withholding of life-saving treatment; when the patient requests extubation, or the removal of a treatment that is keeping him or her alive; when the patient requests dangerously high levels of narcotics; the prescription of enough sleeping pills for a patient to kill him or herself; and lethal injection. The first three scenarios are legal in Connecticut, while the last two are not. While the majority of both attending physicians and residents reported that they would comply in the first three scenarios, a larger percentage of

attendings was willing to comply than residents, Thomas said. This disparity raises concerns about the readiness of residents to treat patients nearing the end of their lives, he added. “Those scenarios, such as willingness to extubate, are ones that have achieved great consensus among physicians as being acceptable in end of life care,” Thomas said. “It’s not considered controversial. So for that specific scenario, I would have to really question a physician who is unwilling to comply with that.” For the remaining two scenarios, attendings and residents did not differ significantly. Thomas said this finding may reflect the illegal nature of the requests. Matthew Ellman, director of medical student palliative and end-of-life care education at the Yale School of Medicine, was not surprised that physicians’ own clinical experiences were important in shaping their comfort levels. Ellman, who was not involved in the study, added that his program at the medical school works to teach students self-reflection so that they can identify and manage their emotional reactions to palliative care. “I think as physicians have more experience caring for patients with terminal illnesses, that experience may provide them with the recognition that what’s most important is trying to meet that patient on their own terms, as best you can,” Ellman said. The willingness of attendings to perform certain treatments may reflect evolving norms of what is acceptable in the medical world, said Terri Fried, study author and professor of geriatrics at the Yale School of Medi-

ANNELISA LEINBACH/ILLUSTRATIONS EDITOR

cine. She compared the findings of this study with a similar study she had conducted 20 years ago in Rhode Island, and found that physicians’ willingness to honor certain requests had changed. In particular, the previ-

ous generation of attendings displayed decreased willingness to withhold treatment and increased willingness to prescribe lethal doses of sleeping pills. “This supports the idea that

attending physicians have grown more comfortable with withdrawing treatment and treating pain at the end of life, but less comfortable with physicianassisted suicide, at least in the northeast, where it is not legal,”

Fried said in an email. Yale’s Palliative and End-ofLife Care Education program was founded in 2004. Contact VIVIAN WANG at vivian.y.wang@yale.edu .


YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

PAGE 11

“We endorse and approve of the use of nuclear weapons against Russia in this time of crisis.” EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE HARVARD CRIMSON

Study probes psychology of gift-giving BY GEORGE SAUSSY CONTRIBUTING REPORTER New research from the Yale School of Management suggests it’s not the thought that counts. Previous research has shown differences between the taste of gift-givers and gift-receivers. Now, researchers from Yale, University of Southern California and New York University investigated how gift-givers and receivers weigh the convenience and desirability of a gift, demonstrating that gift-givers failed to sufficiently account for the convenience of a gift. The finding

reveals one of the few instances when considering the wishes of others leads to a worse social outcome, said Nathan Novemsky, professor at the Yale School of Management and senior author of the paper. “Previous studies on gift-giving have found a number of systematic biases in givers’ ability to understand what it is a receiver wants,” Novemsky said. “We think we’ve added a new one — we think a fairly fundamental one — that crops up in a lot of situations. [We have] this idea that givers focus too much on the desirability of a gift and don’t think

enough about its convenience or its ease of use.” The researchers administered a series of online surveys about both hypothetical gifts and participants’ actual experiences with gift-giving. In the study, subjects reported the convenience and desirability of a series of gifts that they either gave or received. For both the past and hypothetical experiences, the researchers showed that gift-givers do not adequately consider the importance of a gift’s practicality. For instance, Novemsky said people would rather give a computer program with lots of features that

is difficult to learn, while receivers would prefer a program with fewer features that is easier to learn. “Givers really want to give gifts that are desirable, and they think that receivers will like them and that will improve their relationship with the givers,” said Ernest Baskin GRD ’16, a Ph.D. candidate at the Yale School of Management and lead author of the paper. “Receivers actually prefer gifts that are slightly more practical.” Baskin said that while marketing data collected from the surveys may not reflect actual decision-making, the study features

actual gift decisions that reinforce the study conclusions. The researchers approached pairs of people in public and asked them whether they would prefer to give or receive a heavy, state-of-theart pen or a more portable traditional variant. Subject replied they preferred to give the fancy, heavier pen and receive the lighter one. Cheryl Wakslak, professor of psychology at the University of Southern California and co-author of the study, said this study is one of the first experiments in gift-giving from a marketing perspective, while previ-

ous research was completed from an anthropological or sociological standpoint. Wakslak said she sees quantitative studies of gift-giving becoming more common in the near future. Marketers can take advantage of the results by advertising impractical and desirable products as gifts, while more practical items as objects to be received, she said. The study appeared in the Journal of Consumer Medicine on March 6. Contact GEORGE SAUSSY at george.saussy@yale.edu .

KEN YANAGISAWA/STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER

Researchers at the Yale School of Management explored how ideal gifts differed for givers and receivers. They found that givers focus on a gift’s desirability, while receivers focus on a gift’s practicality.

Preventative health expert talks diets BY CLARISSA MARZÁN CONTRIBUTING REPORTER David Katz is the director of the Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center and a leading voice in the health and weight loss field. Along with Yale School of Medicine colleague Stephanie Meller MED ’14, Katz co-authored a review paper titled “Can We Say What Diet is Best for Health?” which compares a series of popular diets. The paper, which appeared in the March edition of the journal Annual Reviews, concludes that the most healthful diets consist of minimally processed food that are predominantly plant-based. The News talked with Katz about how the media portrays food and the ways the public understands

dietary health. article in The Atlantic says QAn that Annual Reviews asked you

to conduct this study, but what was your own personal motivation and goal in comparing all these diets?

A

Over the span of my career, I hear so many ridiculous fad diets come along one after another and each one claims to be the truth. It sounds like religion — it’s an absolute truth, and everything you had to do last week is wrong. My motivation really is to help set the record straight because I believe if we use the knowledge that we do have, knowledge that is tried and true and has stood the test of time, we could get an enormous amount of good done.

ideal dietary recommenQYour dations are very simple. Why do people have such a tough time sticking with such a simple plan?

A

There are two answers to your question. As long as we pretend we don’t know how to feed ourselves, as long as we carry on that there’s some unknown mystery about how to be thin and healthy, it allows for an endless parade of new theories and fad diet books and weight loss programming and an awful amount of people making an awful amount of money out of all of that. The second answer is at the level of individuals. Our culture has perpetuated an allowance for an extension of disbelief. If some-

one promises you the moon and the stars and sprinkles magical pixie dust on your head when it comes to weight loss and ageless vitality, reach for your credit card!

Q

Do you think a particular sector can be the most effective in providing us with the information and resources we need to make healthy choices? Possibly public policy or schools or even the food and beverage companies?

A

My work and my belief is predicated on the notion that it’s going to take all of us, that we all have a hand in breaking this, and we all need to have a hand in fixing it. But if I had to pick the one thing I would tend to focus on most, it is the consumer. If

we get them to rally around food, and we if can get people to use the same common sense for weight and health that they use for just about everything else, it’s a total game changer. Even planning a family vacation gets more serious attention than taking care of one’s health over the course of a lifetime. I think all too often one of the reasons why we don’t do health right is because the conversations take on these moral overtones. media often presents conQThe flicting opinions on how to

eat right. How can the public sort these conflicting signals?

A

I would say we treat each new study and headline like those mad, daily gyrations of the stock market. Each study does not displace what we knew before — generally the headlines are wildly hyperbolic anyway and often they’re overtly wrong, and they egregiously distort what the study even said. Even what the study said may not be right because it’s just one. Treat the daily fluctuations in studies and headlines the way you watch the daily fluctuations of the stock market.

Q

Regarding the lifestyle aspect of the health, do you think part of the challenge comes from the fact that we have less time for meals and grocery shopping and that working parents and individuals have to spend more time eating food on the go?

A

KATHRYN CRANDALL/PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

The ideal diet contains lots of plants and minimal processed food, writes David Katz in a review paper of popular diets.

Absolutely — modern living impairs health. It makes it hard not to be stressed out; it makes it hard to get stuff to eat; it makes it hard to fit in physical activity; it makes it hard to eat well. We have two choices: We can change the world or we can change ourselves to deal more effectively with the world. I recommend both. I can be healthy in spite of it all because I have the skill set that allows me be healthy, but I think we also ought to

change the world, the policy and environmental reform. There’s no reason why being healthy should be so hard. you think that the nutriQDo tion crisis also comes down to socioeconomic issues that dictate access to certain types of food?

A

We found that more nutritious food does tend to cost more. The problem is that people don’t know how to identify the nutritious food in the first place, and so often they get duped into buying food that pretends to be more nutritious but isn’t. Things like low-fat peanut butter and multigrain bread [are] maybe less nutritious and more expensive. The evidence is overwhelming with the basic need of healthy eating. We can’t say which specific diet is the best, and we don’t need to, but we can say that this basic theme of healthy eating is associated with great health outcomes. Let’s agree on that, let’s acknowledge it, and then let’s commit our resources totally getting there.

would be your nutriQWhat tional advice for graduating college students who will soon have to fend for themselves?

A

I think young people should know if they [eat] right, they have the opportunity to reduce their lifetime risk of all major chronic disease by 80 percent — all the bad stuff that’s happening to their parents or grandparents, those don’t need to happen. We don’t need to get heart disease as we age, we don’t need to get diabetes and we don’t need to get dementia. If you can’t identify whether it’s animal, vegetable, or mineral, you should probably step away from the box. It’s not rocket science. You just have to make it a priority in your life, because healthy people have more fun. Contact CLARISSA MARZÁN at clarissa.marzan@yale.edu .


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NICOLE DANIGGELIS ’16 AND ERIN MCMULLAN ’14

The sophomore long-stick midfielder earned a pair of honors this weekend. He was named to the Ivy League honor roll for his performance against Penn and was named to the InsideLacrosse. com midseason All-American team.

Daniggelis and McMullan earned Ivy League honors for their performances in Yale’s three games this week, winning the offensive player of the week and codefensive player of the week awards, respectively.

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HEAD COACH JAMES JONES MEN’S BASKETBALL YALE DAILY NEWS · TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 2014 · yaledailynews.com

CIT semis await

Comeback bid falls short

MEN’S BASKETBALL

YDN

The baseball team dropped both games of its doubleheader against Penn yesterday. BY GRANT BRONSDON STAFF REPORTER The Yale baseball team put together an incredible comeback against No. 3 LSU earlier this season in its first series of the year, scoring eight runs in the last five innings to claw back from an early 6–0 deficit in the third game against the Tigers. But in their Ivy-opening doubleheader against Penn, the Bulldogs failed to complete their rally, losing 6–1 in the first game and 11–9 in the second despite four runs in the eighth and ninth innings.

KATHRYN CRANDALL/PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

Forward Justin Sears ’16 (No. 22) is averaging 15.33 points per game in the postseason this year. BY GREG CAMERON STAFF REPORTER Six days after a come-from-behind victory at Columbia in the quarterfinals of the CollegeInsider.com Tournament, the Yale men’s basketball team has another chance to extend its historic season.

This time, however, the Bulldogs (18–13, 9–5 Ivy) will be playing a less familiar foe in the form of the Virginia Military Institute (22–12, 11–5 Big South) during the tournament’s semifinal game tonight in Lexington, Va. The contest will mark the first time that Yale has ever faced VMI, and the first Yale basketball game in Virginia

BASEBALL

since 2008. “From our scouting report, we know they are a high-scoring team,” guard Javier Duren ’15 said in an email. “They look to get quick shots, as well as speed you up on the defensive end by pressing full court, so it will be a great test

“Penn simply played better baseball today,” shortstop and captain Cale Hanson ’14 said in an email. “The key for us going forward is to not panic. We need to realize it’s only two games and we have plenty of time to recover and win our half of the league.” In stark contrast to the snow that

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Softball falls to Penn

blanketed New Haven, sunny skies and 55 degree temperatures welcomed the Elis (7–11, 0–2 Ivy) to Meiklejohn Stadium. The weather was not a sign of things to come in the first game, however, as Penn pitcher Dan Gautieri tossed a four-hitter en route to his first win of the season. The lone Bulldog run came when center fielder Green Campbell ’15 singled with two outs in the seventh and third baseman Richard Slenker ’17 doubled him home. “Their guy did a great job of working in and out on us, and we had a tough time making the adjustment to his sinking fastball early,” Campbell said. “All the credit goes to him.” Game two got off to a much better start for Yale. First baseman Jacob Hunter ’14 ignited a two-out rally in the first with a double in the right-center gap, and after a walk by designated hitSEE BASEBALL PAGE 8

M. tennis wins two of three BY MARC CUGNON CONTRIBUTING REPORTER The Yale men’s tennis squad came into this past weekend hot, as the team rode a threegame winning streak and had managed a 9–3 record prior to the three home matchups they faced on Saturday and Sunday. Yale (11–4) challenged St. John’s, Fordham and Bryant at the Cullman-Heyman Tennis Center, seeking to continue its near-perfect performance on home court.

MEN’S TENNIS

“We need to play every inning like it’s a tie ball game, and put out all we’ve got,” Glass said in an email. “We cannot underestimate any team, no matter what their record or reputation is.” The Bulldogs struggled again in

The weekend’s first match proved a disappointment for the Elis as St. John’s edged them in a nail-biting 3–4 defeat. Tyler Lu ’17, currently the 98th ranked player in the country, managed a straight sets win at the No. 1 spot, and Daniel Faierman ’15 emerged victorious in a straight sets win against the Red Storm’s Lucas Hehjal at No. 3. Despite their efforts, Yale and St. John’s were tied at three games apiece when singles play ended. Doubles play proved heartbreaking for the Bulldogs, with the duo of Lu and Martin Svenning ’16 losing a close 8–6 match while Faierman and Kyle Dawson ’14 were taken down in an 8–4 loss. Yale claimed just one of the three doubles contests as the Red Storm took home the double’s point and ultimately the win.

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HENRY EHRENBERG/PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

The softball team lost both games to Penn 3–0 yesterday. BY ASHLEY WU STAFF REPORTER The softball team looked to bounce back against defending Ivy League champion Penn on Monday afternoon, but Yale failed to score in either game of the doubleheader. The Bulldogs (3–17, 0–4 Ivy)

were shut out in both games of the twin bill, dropping each game to the Quakers (6–11, 2–0) by the score of 3–0.

SOFTBALL The games, originally scheduled for Friday afternoon, served

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as the conference opener for Penn, who had its doubleheader against Brown postponed. The Elis, on the other hand, began Ivy play on Sunday against Columbia, falling 3–2 and 8–0. Pitcher Rhydian Glass ’16 said that every team in the Ivy League is a dangerous opponent.

MATCHES LOST BY THE MEN’S TENNIS TEAM ON SUNDAY, MARCH 30. The No. 68 Bulldogs swept Fordham and Bryant 7–0 en route to their perfect day. With the pair of victories, the squad now boasts an 11–4 record on the season.


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