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CROSS CAMPUS A second opinion. Rumpus

Magazine, Yale’s beloved tabloid, has released its endorsements for this year’s YCC elections. The piece was titled “Rumpus for YCC President and all YCC offices ever,” and opened with the line “Do we have to?” before calling the four presidential candidates “equally underwhelming.” The piece further posed the question, “did everyone need a campaign video?”

Stay home. The Politic is

endorsing no one.

Lights out. A trailer has been

released for an upcoming sci-fi adventure book by Madeleine Henry ’14 titled “Blackout.” The novel chronicles the trials of 16-year-old Phoenix Troublefield in a futuristic America divided after a worldwide blackout. Henry is a Psychology major and wrote her senior essay on the popularity of Stephanie Meyer’s Twilight book series.

Election season. Voting has already begun at Columbia University, where three students are running for Student Government Association president. Meanwhile, two students are in the running for undergraduate student government president at Princeton. New beginnings. Dartmouth and Brown recently concluded their elections for student government: 2,376 people voted at Dartmouth and 2,991 at Brown. Last year, 725 people voted for Yale College Council president. Game of Thrones. Ezra Stiles College held their Medieval (K) Night this weekend. In addition to a Grand Feast featuring medieval cuisines, students of the college were treated to a pig roast in the court yard, inflatables and jousting among other antics. On Saturday, swarms of Stiles students “invaded” other college carrying shields and wearing armor. No comment from Coursera.

At, users can now participate in massive open online courses in subjects such as Herbology and Defense Against the Dark Arts. Participants can even write for a student newspaper, titled The Daily Owl.

Asking the hard questions. Yale

College Council presidential hopeful Ben Ackerman ’16 has created a BuzzFeed-style quiz titled “yccquiz.” The first question involves choosing “the optimal bagel size,” and most quiz results are (twist!) some variation of “Vote for Ben Ackerman.” The quiz also features pictures of the candidate’s face pasted onto various celebrity figures.


2010 IvyGate describes the YCC election as “crazy” due to the personalities of the four candidates. The publication endorsed Courtney “Coco” Pannell ’11. Submit tips to Cross Campus




Community calls for reforms to dangerous intersection






933 San Francisco Boston/Cambridge San Diego Washington, D.C. Oakland Seattle New York Philadelphia Northern New Jersey Raleigh-Durham Cincinnati Denver New Haven Los Angeles Chicago


Dollars (in millions)





261 238

135 133 132 118


UPCLOSE Come June 2015, this empty lot will welcome multi-billion dollar pharmaceutical company Alexion back to the Elm City. Alexion will set up shop at their new international headquarters in New Haven: a 14-story glimmering glass complex boasting 426,000 square feet of laboratory and office space. In 2000, the


Yale unfazed by proposed tax increase BY POOJA SALHOTRA STAFF REPORTER

opportunities and space for clinical trials in the area. Alexion plans to move 400 employees into the space when construction is finished. The move will add to the thousands of people who are curSEE BIOTECH PAGE 4


61 52 50 46 41


number of biotech companies, many catalyzed by Yale research and major investments in city infrastructure, have jumpstarted the burgeoning biotech industry in the Elm City. Will biotech become the new face of New Haven’s economic development strategy, and how successful can this industry really be? J.R. REED reports.

company relocated to Cheshire, Conn., because New Haven did not offer enough lab space. But the globally renowned company chose to move back to the Elm City in part because of the critical mass of innovative scientists, research collaboration

Three Yale coaches recount experiences donating marrow

In 2012, Daniel Juárez MUS ’02 decided that the benefits of living in New Haven outweighed the costs of the city’s relatively high property taxes. Juárez – who is the assistant director of communications and outreach for the World Fellows Program – questions whether others will make that same decision if property taxes go up by the 3.8 percent next year Mayor Toni Harp requested in the budget she submitted to the Board of Alders in March. Under her proposal, tax payments would increase from $40.80 to $42.36 for every $1,000 of property value. But while individual taxpayers like Juárez might consider the city less attractive because of high taxes, Yale University – one of the five highest taxpayers in the city – does not intend to decrease its investment in taxable properties in the city just because of a tax hike, University officials said. Although Mayor Harp’s tax hike could increase Yale’s tax payment by over $100,000, University spokesperson Mike Morand ’87 DIV ’93 said the tax increase would not alter Yale’s investment strategies. “Tax hikes are nothing new,” University Properties spokesperson Carin Keane said in an email. She added that its tenants of commercial properties pay their proportionate share of the taxes and that lease agree-


At 100 College St. rests a barren patch of land adjacent to Route 34. During the day, passers-by can see bulldozers shoveling dirt, laying the groundwork for a massive project.


Partnership signed Phillips recounts hijacking at Africa conference BY LILLIAN CHILDRESS STAFF REPORTER

BY LAVINIA BORZI AND MATTHEW LLOYD-THOMAS STAFF REPORTERS Yale deepened its ties with Africa on Monday at a conference about economic development. For Yale, the most notable development emerging from the conference was an agreement signed by University President Peter Salovey and University of Ghana Vice Chancellor Ernest Aryeetey. The agreement made the University of Ghana a partner university for Yale’s Fox Fellowship program, which provides funding each year for between two and four students, usually graduate students, to participate in an exchange program between two universities. The University of Ghana is the 13th university to partner with Yale through the Fox Fellowships. “We see it as a win-win relationship, a huge opportunity,” Aryeetey said. Aryeetey said Salovey has played a large role in building the partnership between Yale and the University of Ghana. I n O c to b e r, S a l ovey announced his desire to expand the University’s efforts related to Africa during his inaugural address. Salovey said Tuesday that the agreement with the University of Ghana is an example of the kind of engagement he had hoped for when he spoke of Africa last fall. “It’s great that President Salovey has articulated his interest in Africa. It sends a strong signal to all the other faculty members who are interested in working in Africa that there is support for them at the

top,” Aryeetey said. “Once the leader supports what we are doing, it makes it a lot easier — it provides a lot of confidence that what we are doing is part of the Yale program.” Salovey said the graduate students who participate in the Fox Fellowship program will help deepen Yale’s ties to Africa as they develop their own personal and scholarly relationships.

We see it as a win-win relationship, a huge opportunity. ERNEST ARYEETEY Vice chancellor, University of Ghana Aryeetey said in addition to the Fox Fellowships, there are several other collaborations taking place between Yale and the University of Ghana. Most collaborations, he said, are driven by individual faculty interest, especially from professors within the Yale School of Public Health and the Yale School of Management. Aryeetey and Christopher Udry, an economics professor who has spearheaded a range of collaborative efforts with the University of Ghana, said the partnership between the two universities has proven beneficial to both institutions. Yale has made use of the University of Ghana’s local knowledge, while the University of Ghana has made use of Yale’s immense resources, Udry said. SEE AFRICA PAGE 6

Captain Richard Phillips said one thing he learned when Somali pirates hijacked his boat is that nothing is lost until you give up or quit. On Tuesday, Phillips addressed a room of over 150 people in the Timothy Dwight Master’s house, recounting how he was taken hostage after Somali pirates hijacked his boat on his journey from Oman to Kenya in April 2009. Phillips, a merchant mariner whose story garnered worldwide media attention five years ago, also talked about the recently released movie — “Captain Phillips,” starring Tom Hanks — that chronicles his experience with the pirates. “It was hard. I was nervous. I was scared during the whole incident… but enough about my wedding day,” Phillips joked. Throughout the talk, Phillips maintained a lighthearted, humorous attitude. Phillips began his tale with a description of his initial impression of the security on the cargo ship, which he said had seemed lax by his standards. He said he ran security drills with his team, some of whom had never been taught what to do in the event of an attack, in order to prepare them for any security threat they might face. “That sense of feeling satisfied is always right before you have to face some sort of surprise or situation you didn’t even know you had,” Phillips said. The night before the attack, Phillips said his second mate called him up to the bridge,


Captain Phillips detailed his encounter with pirates and the emotions he felt throughout the ordeal. having heard something eerie on the radio — a garbled voice repeating the words “Somali pirates — coming to get you.” What ensued was 24 hours of stress, sweat, and tension, Phillips said. Around four hours after they heard the radio message, four Somali pirates armed with AK-47s boarded the ship, demanding to see the cargo and crew, Phillips said.

Phillips ordered the majority of the crew down to a safe room where the pirates could not find them and stayed put on the deck with just four other members of the crew. They were able to convince the pirates that the boat was broken rather than just powered down so that the pirates did not take off with the boat. After the pirates took SEE PHILLIPS PAGE 6




.COMMENT “The 'tolerance' of leftists at this school never ceases to amaze




Stand behind CLAY


s leaders in Choose Life at Yale, we would like to offer our case as to why CLAY chose to move forward in pursuing membership in Dwight Hall and explain the purpose of CLAY as an undergraduate organization. CLAY has been an undergraduate organization for 10 years. A key component of our organization is our weekly meetings, which focus on discussing societal and philosophical issues related to abortion and fostering dialogue on campus on this issue. In the past, we have invited pro-choice and humanist members of the Yale community to come discuss these issues with us.

CLAY'S WORK CONSTITUTES SOCIAL JUSTICE: ADVOCATING FOR PREGNANT MOTHERS AND THEIR BABIES But over the course of the past two years, CLAY has incorporated a service component into its mission. In 2013, a pregnancy care center called St. Gianna’s opened its doors on Trumbull and Whitney. The first center of its kind within a 10-mile radius of Yale, St. Gianna’s is a resource for pregnant women who desire to keep their children but lack the means. Centers like St. Gianna’s not only provide expecting mothers with important items such as cribs, diapers and baby clothing, but also connect women to adoption services and medical clinics for prenatal care. The Social Justice Network of Dwight Hall has a stated commitment to “build a community among those who identify themselves as working for social justice by providing a space for dialogue and cooperation.” We accept, at the heart of our organization’s mission, a definition of social justice that includes fighting for social equity and providing everyone with a chance to live a full and enriching life. We believe strongly that any comprehensive definition of social justice must affirm pregnancy and childbirth. Our goal is to advocate for women who decide to have a child, to provide the kind of support grossly lacking on a campus

where pregnant women often feel they have no option but to abort in order to preserve their opportunity for success. If granted the opportunity to become a full member of Dwight Hall, we would seek to offer our perspectives on social justice to the larger network. In line with our commitment to social justice and dialogue, CLAY members also do advocacy work on campus. CLAY recently hosted its first annual conference, Vita et Veritas, which lasted three days and included over 100 attendees and 15 diverse speakers. The talks included an interfaith panel, a constitutional discussion and a speech by the vice president of Feminists for Life. We have no intention of being an inflammatory group; we understand that this is a sensitive issue and one that requires us to actively foster an atmosphere of open discussion and support. All our meetings have and will always be open to the public, and the Yale community is welcome to come and stop by. We are very thankful for the encouragement that Dwight Hall members have given to us during this yearlong process of applying for membership, which began with their offer for us to join as provisional members. Since then, we have regularly attended all required meetings and complied with the rules for Dwight Hall membership. Throughout this past year we have felt welcomed by Dwight Hall. We have made sure to express to the different coordinators that met with us that, as a group committed to dialogue, we were more than willing to meet with anyone who was strongly opposed to our membership prior to the election in order to best explain our mission and our purpose. We did this because we understand that the election is not the proper forum for deliberation — this is the reason why last-minute attempts to derail our candidacy come across as very unexpected. Social justice takes many forms, as Dwight Hall knows — many of its groups take very different, and sometimes conflicting, approaches to furthering social justice. While the points of emphasis differ, the mission is the same. Our effort to help pregnant women and their babies in no way distracts from this mission.

NEWS’ VIEW For a different YCC president

Maia Eliscovich Sigal '16 for vice president

The News will not release its traditional endorsement of a Yale College Council presidential candidate this year, since two of the four candidates are News staffers. After having met with all four candidates, we offer our hopes for the next YCC president based upon their platforms and our reflections on this past year.

After two years of dedication to Yale’s student government, Student Life Chair Maia Eliscovich Sigal ’16 is wellequipped to implement her vision for the vice presidency of the Yale College Council. The YCC vice president is tasked with building partnerships, collaborating with Council members and administrators to advance the YCC’s agenda. Eliscovich Sigal has proven adept in the tasks she has taken on for the YCC. Her prior achievements indicate her ability to interface appropriately with administrators while commanding the respect of her fellow students — skills necessary for the vice president, who is responsible for moderating Council meetings and liaising with University Standing Committees. In the past year, Eliscovich Sigal’s contributions to the YCC have been wide-reaching. She has managed the summer storage program, organized the athletics subcommittee, overseen the mixed-gender housing proposal and played an instrumental role in last semester’s referendum on divestment. The consistency with which she has fulfilled the duties assigned to her gives us confidence in her ability to implement her various campaign promises — which range from small service improvements such as credit card technology in the butteries to larger policy reforms regarding mental health. Eliscovich Sigal’s YCC experiences have enabled her to build relationships with the students who will serve as her colleagues next year. These connections, along with her approachability and interpersonal skills, have allowed her to collaborate effectively and exhibit leadership on the Council in the past year.

One year ago, we were cautiously optimistic about the leadership of Danny Avraham ’15. Today, we are excited to see a robust Yale College Council presidential election because we know the ramifications of an uncontested race. When Avraham steps down, he will leave a YCC that is vastly more expanded, streamlined and active, but increasingly alienated from the student body. Over the past year, Avraham “reinvented” YCC, reshuffling roles and creating a management board to increase accountability. His efforts were successful — and have resulted in more members, projects and reports. A few of these reports, such as the outsourced evaluation of mental health policies, were helpful in pushing for policy change. Yet if we set the bar for a leader at an in-house consultant, only responsible for streamlining workflows and managing tasks, we would be selling ourselves short. The expectations for the president of Yale’s student government should be higher. The president should be someone who will engage the entire Council in decisions, not override it; who will listen to the student body, not clash with it; and who will respond to input, not defend

CHRISTIAN HERNANDEZ is a junior in Berkeley College. COURTNEY MCEACHON is a junior in Pierson College. They are officers in Choose Life at Yale.

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We are impressed with the resourceful initiatives proposed by candidate Allison Kolberg ’16, and her desire to cultivate a better relationship with student organizations. Kolberg has centered her candidacy on issues critical to campus life, such as fossil fuel divestment and the lack of resources for pre-med students. Christopher Moates ’16 has expressed an admirable commitment to increasing YCC’s transparency and accessibility, as well as engaging often-neglected constituencies on campus, such as varsity athletes. But Kolberg has only taken on limited YCC responsibilities pertaining to dining services, and has not had the opportunity to manage projects as broad-ranging as Eliscovich Sigal. Moates, on the other hand, has no previous experience on the Council. While he is determined to create change, we question whether he has taken the time to gather the working knowledge on YCC necessary to hit the ground running. We would have liked to see Eliscovich Sigal elucidate more clearly her plans for determining the projects that YCC will pursue next year and overseeing their completion. Kolberg’s proposal to reach out to constituencies affected by particular YCC projects is a sound one, and should be implemented regardless of the candidate elected. But we trust that Eliscovich Sigal’s familiarity with YCC workflow will enable her to advance the Council’s agenda efficiently and productively. We are certain of her passion and energy, and we are hopeful that she will channel them toward bringing about important changes on behalf of all students.

A YCC for today’s tomorrow “I

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his or her own image. If this year has taught the presidential candidates anything, it should be that initiative must be balanced with a willingness to trust others with responsibility. The four candidates have expressed their interest in pushing for reform of mental health, mixed-gender housing and financial aid policies. The University is poised to make pivotal change in all three of these areas, and we are looking to the next president to continue the pressure. In order to pursue these reforms with credibility, the next president must make full use of the talents of the many well-meaning officers elected to the YCC. This includes taking a step back from YCC communications, allowing representatives to release information to the student body directly — along with allowing the vice president to return to moderating YCC discussions and managing all facets of elections, as mandated in the YCC constitution. It also means that the Council of Representatives, not just the Executive Board, must be placed at the center of all critical decision-making processes. We are due for a return to an organic YCC. Top-down decisions are efficient in the short term, but in the long run they undermine the YCC as a student council. We need two-way dialogues and proposals from the bottom up. Most importantly, after this election’s vitriol and vicious rumors fade, we need a president who builds relationships based on respect within and beyond the Council. We are hopeful for what the upcoming year will bring.

came to Yale for its synergistic, solution-oriented thinking. What can I say, I’m just a team-playing, longterm thinking, community-caring problem solver. It feels like it was yesterday that I was standing — bright-eyed and mouth agape — in Payne Whitney at the freshman extracurricular bazaar. Looking across the hundreds of clubs and interests, one thought raced through my mind: so much to govern, so little time. [Insert charming anecdote about freshman year roommate / wacky friend / Handsome Dan here …] And now — with feigned surprise / resolute purpose / chirpy excitement — I find myself running for YCC president. When figuring out whether or not to run for president, I needed to force myself to answer the hard questions. Am I constitutionally allowed yet? Which of my friends knows Photoshop? Can I handle my tap-line to the section-asshole list? So be it. My administration will focus on new solutions to previously ignored problems. Why is nobody talking about academic minors? Is there perhaps a better way to treat Credit/D/Fail classes? Is there no issue that can’t be solved with office hours? Are these just questions, instead of detailed solutions? Exactly. More importantly, I will be will-

ing to address the elephant in the room that my opponents continue to ignore: the underwhelming enthusiasm for the HARRY YCC. For too GRAVER long, candidates have Gravely rested on the laurels of this Mistaken organization’s striking relevance and success on campus. Where is the person who will stand up and promise real change and a new era of student government? Yale students need a voice: the sort that can come only from the person you pass on Cross Campus and say to yourself, ‘Ah — what’s that kid’s name again?’ These sorts of hard truths and concrete ideas are what the YCC needs to achieve tomorrow, today. I look forward to conversation / dialogue / Elysium that my campaign brings about.” Not bad, right? With April comes another season of YCC elections. Like most undergrads, I don’t follow the day-by-day of our student government. But in this week of guest columns, presidential debates and innumerable Facebook invitations, it’s tough to ignore. What’s more, it

highlights a lot of the reasons why the YCC has had trouble making a lasting impact on campus culture. As just an initial point of common sense, having your officers, candidates and supporters reenact a scene from “Real Housewives” via the News' comment sections isn’t exactly the best way to inspire confidence. And this isn’t just a recent anomaly. It’s not overnight that a campus comes to view an organization as ninetenths indulgent palace drama and one-tenth other. (Trust me, I used to be part of the YPU). What’s more, the vitriol of this sophomoric swift boating parallels the overblown rhetoric coming from the campaigns. To some extent, this is expected. While it may actually be the most appealing slogan, “An above average guy out to do a pretty competent job” probably won’t garner too much attention. However, the Obamaesque style of promising a new epoch for Yale campus life is a bit ridiculous (and unnecessary). This bombast isn’t innocuous. Lofty promises are accompanied by deeply hubristic and misguided understandings of a student government’s proper role. The relationship between the students and the University should be asymmetric. We not only accepted the governing structure of Yale when we enrolled, but also the integrity of this academy is contingent upon

allowing the best educators in the world to largely know best. The bureaucracy of the YCC should have no official place in the pedagogy of one of the world’s most consequential universities. Of course, students can have an instrumental role in making changes here. By being tapped into campus sentiments, various groups can bring attention to otherwise ignored issues or propose innovative ideas to improve our school. At times, the YCC has done this. At others, different bodies have. Our student government is not the end-all, be-all of improving Yale, and we only cheapen our voice as students when our elected leaders treat it as such. Yale undergraduates thrive perfectly well, largely unaffected by an active student government. Actually, this might not be the worst platform: Freeze all YCC expenses and divert the funds towards Spring Fling. Who wouldn’t prefer Luke Bryan to another salad report? (This is my last column for the News. Thank you for the opportunity to grow as well as amass a lengthy permanent history of opinions that I’ll assuredly come to regret in future years.) HARRY GRAVER is a senior in Davenport College. This is his last column for the News. Contact him at .




“I have a constant sweet tooth, so I like anything from the bakery, like cupcakes, cookies.” CARMEN ELECTRA AMERICAN ACTRESS


The title on a map accompanying the WEEKEND article “The ‘right’ tenant?” incorrectly stated that the map showed University Property-owned storefronts. In fact, it showed storefronts in New Haven in general.

Yale Bakery to relocate


The candidate profile of Leah Motzkin ’16 incorrectly stated that Motzkin said she would add representatives for “interest groups” in addition to the YCC representatives that already exist in the residential colleges. It also incorrectly referred to the Freshman College Council, rather than the Freshman Class Council.

Pedestrians petition for safer intersection BY SEBASTIAN MEDINA-TAYAC STAFF REPORTER On March 27 a man was struck and critically injured by a car while crossing N. Frontage Road at College St. Over the following weeks, discussions of pedestrian safety at that and neighboring intersections have grown louder. Over the past decade, various petitions from pedestrian safety organizations, medical students, faculty and staff have aggregated thousands of signatures in support of slowing traffic on Frontage Road, which is adjacent to the Medical School. That particular intersection was ranked the fifth most dangerous intersection on Yale’s campus in a 2012 report that aggregated data from crash reports, resident complaints and observational surveys.

The road is structured like a highway, so drivers are less cognizant of pedestrian safety. LUIS MALDONADO SPH ’15 This collision is the latest in a series of injuries and deaths, including that of a medical student in 2008, that have occurred along Frontage Road, the highspeed four-lane road branches off of Route 34 and cleaves the medical complex from the rest of campus. Though hundreds of pedestrians cross the intersection every day, including students, faculty and staff commuting between central campus and the medical campus, the intersection is far from walker-friendly, according to New Haven Safe Streets Coalition Coordinator Mark Abraham ’04. Buildings are offset from the road, and the stoplight does not allow enough time for pedestrians to cross the four-lane road. “This intersection is designed from the perspective of the driver,” he said. “It’s adjacent to both the medical quarter and downtown, which both have a high density of pedestrians. As a gap between two pedestrianoriented neighborhoods, it presents a conflict.” The city’s Downtown Crossing project, slated for completion in 2016, would convert Frontage into slower, narrower city streets — the way they were before Route 34 was constructed in the 1960s. The Downtown Crossing project, now in its first year of construction, is already responsible for the demolition of the highway exit adjacent to the intersection that Peter Reinhardt, director of Yale’s Office of Environmental Health and Safety, said accounted for much of the risk and excessive speed at that particular junction. Still, he said, a huge part of the

problem is that drivers have the perception that they are still on the highway and are less aware of pedestrians crossing. “The road is structured like a highway, so drivers are less cognizant of pedestrian safety,” said Luis Maldonado-Vásquez SPH ’15, who crosses Frontage Road daily to get back and forth to the School of Public Health. “People are trying to get from point A to point B as quickly as possible.” Though the area is expecting a makeover, the string of pedestrian collisions, including the one two weeks ago, illustrates the need for more immediate action to be taken to calm traffic, advocates said. Over the past few years, in response to these concerns about pedestrian safety on Route 34, the city has periodically stationed police officers and crossing guards to enforce speed laws and promote safe crossing. Reinhardt said this has been by far the most successful measure taken to reduce collisions. At the moment, no crossing guards or police are stationed at the intersection, in part because traffic enforcement has not been a high priority for the city lately, he said. “The issue in general should be a higher priority, because this not only impacts victims of these crashes, but also the anatomy of the city depends on having more walkable streets and more access to places on foot,” Abraham said. “Having to cross dangerous intersections like this makes people less likely to walk around the city and more likely to drive.” Abraham said other shortterm measures like narrowing lanes and installing speed trailers, which show drivers their speed as they pass by, could also be helpful. A 2012 report identified cars running red lights at the intersection as the main issue at the N. Frontage-College intersection. In 2008, residents rallied on the online forum SeeClickFix, to call for the city to install crosswalks and signals. One post described crossing Frontage as “a life or death situation every time.” Due to overwhelming community pressure, the city quickly installed the signals at Frontage Road intersections. But the signals did not bring the sense of security residents demanded. Maldonado-Vásquez said the lights regularly malfunction, telling pedestrians not to cross even when the stoplight is red. This lack of trust in the signal, coupled with the urgency of getting to class on time, encourages many medical students to cross in defiance of the signal, he said. There were 15 crash reports filed at the Frontage-York intersections between 2005 and 2008. Contact SEBASTIAN MEDINA-TAYAC at .



The Yale Bakery, which can currently be found in the basement of Commons, will be moving to a new facility at 344 Winchester Ave. this summer. BY LARRY MILSTEIN STAFF REPORTER The Yale Bakery has cooked up a plan to move locations this summer. Currently situated in the basement of Commons, the Yale Bakery — a full service bake shop that produces all the baked goods served in Yale’s residential colleges and campus retail outlets — will relocate to a new facility at 344 Winchester Ave. at the end of July or early August. According to head baker Keri Logan, demand for the bakery’s offerings continues to rise, and the Yale Bakery requires greater space and a more convenient layout to ensure product quality. The new 3,000 square foot location will be 500 square feet larger than the current space and will also provide the bakery with a variety of upgraded kitchen equipment including a set of new ovens, said Director of Hospitality & Maintenance Dan Flynn. “Since much of the bakery’s equipment is well beyond its useful life and the catering department has outgrown its space in Commons, it made sense to relocate,” said Culinary Operations Manager Veronica Arcoraci. “The new location [is] providing much-needed new equipment and creating the opportunity for

other uses of the space in Commons.” Logan said the new ovens will be critical in ensuring that the large volume of desserts are baked evenly. She added that she looks forward to using the pair of new “top of the line” ovens — the same type that is used at the Culinary Institute of America — to produce more upscale desserts. The new location will also provide a key advantage in terms of design, Logan said. Rather than the “T” shaped layout of the current kitchen, the new layout will be more efficiently organized and not as scattered as the Commons basement, she said. Still, the new location will make the Yale Bakery farther removed from the students it is serving. Even though the bakery will be farther away, Logan said she hopes the move will better connect the bakery to campus by providing an improved product to students. “Number one, we are here for the students and we value and love what we do,” Logan said. With the new space, Logan said the bakery can also seriously pursue providing more healthconscious and allergy free products in the dining halls. Arcoraci said the bakery will

continue to schedule events like the “Cookie Tasting” booth it set up in Commons two weeks ago, both to gather more feedback and to engage with the student body. As the end of the year is quickly approaching, this type of outreach will likely begin again next fall, she said.

We hope to see what people like and dislike so we can better serve the students. RUSTY HAMILTON Baker, Yale University “We want to get feedback,” said Yale baker Rusty Hamilton. “We hope to see what people like and dislike so we can better serve the students.” The bakery first moved into the basement of Commons in the early 1960s, Logan said. Before that time, the operations were decentralized, and each residential college kitchen was responsible for baking its own goods. Beyond producing the baked goods for all dining halls and campus stores, the bakery’s other responsibilities include working

closely with the colleges and Yale Dining’s catering department to create customized desserts for special functions, Arcoraci said. With 48 hours notice, students can order standard or custom cakes from the bakery, she added. Eight separate catering functions account for approximately 40 to 50 percent of the bakery’s business. Samantha Bensinger ’17, a production and design staffer for the News and the only student interviewed who had ordered from the Yale Bakery, said they did a “fantastic job” with the cake she purchased earlier this month for the Freshman Olympics celebration. Once she placed the order, she heard back from the office the same day to confirm her design and she said it was ready for her on the day she requested to pick it up. However, Bensinger said many students do not know about this type of opportunity, and recommended the bakery pursue efforts to publicize itself as it prepares to move. At its annual Thanksgiving pie sale, the bakery provides more than 1000 pies and cheesecakes to the Yale community for their family celebrations. Contact LARRY MILSTEIN at .

Rogoff talks financial crisis BY MICHAEL LEOPOLD CONTRIBUTING REPORTER While many economists claim that today’s economic crisis is different from past recessions, Kenneth Rogoff ’75 said he believes the current financial downturn has much in common with crises over the past eight centuries. Rogoff, a Harvard professor and internationally recognized macroeconomist, spoke to roughly 60 students, faculty and other guests at Linsly-Chittenden Hall on Tuesday. During his talk, entitled “Policy Dilemmas in the Aftermath of the Financial Crisis,” Rogoff — who previously worked for the International Monetary Fund and the Federal Reserve and co-wrote an economics textbook used in Yale macroeconomics courses — spoke about how policymakers should apply lessons from past financial crises in responding to the latest recession. Rogoff said the mistake made by the U.S. and European governments was not realizing the crisis was going to last as long as it did. Past recessions have shown that “recovery is often slow and

you get double dips before it gets better,” he added. Rogoff said many economists believe the current recession is unique, but that there have been plenty of crises in history during which housing prices decreased and banks collapsed.

Having taken more aggressive steps to realize the debt was unsustainable [...] would have been good. KENNETH ROGOFF ’75 Professor of economics, Harvard University Addressing the claims of other economists, Rogoff challenged the notion that innovation has slowed in recent years. He cited great advances in artificial intelligence, medicine and the energy sector. Rogoff presented various competing explanations for the existing economic situation, draw-

ing from the theories of different economists. He said his favorite explanation involves quantitatively looking at what happened after the onset of the financial crisis in 2008. Referring to graphs depicting changes in real housing prices, which he used to assess economic trends, Rogoff noted that the U.S. housing market has significantly recovered during the six years following the 2008 crisis. This gradual recovery, he said, is typical of financial recessions. Rogoff said policymakers could have responded more effectively to the onset of the financial downturn. The U.S. in particular underestimated the mortgage debt, he said. “Having taken more aggressive steps to realize the debt was unsustainable and addressing it earlier would have been good,” Rogoff said. In the past, Rogoff said countries have tried various measures to reduce debt. Some countries have tried to “grow really fast,” Rogoff said, adding that this is a good solution when it works but is rarely achieved. Alternatively,

taxes can be raised, but Rogoff said this has been “amazingly unsuccessful” in many countries. Dhruv Aggrawal ’16, who attended the talk, said he enjoyed the opportunity to hear from such a distinguished professor. “He ran us through the essentials about the nature of what we are seeing now in financial markets,” he said. “I think he defended his theory that it had a lot in common with previous theories used throughout history.” Economics professor Pinelopi Goldberg said she found the presentation interesting, adding that “it is startling that all these crises were very similar.” “There are striking similarities across time,” said Antonia Woodford ’14, a former staff reporter for the News and editor in chief of the Yale Journal of Economics, which organized the event. “In terms of the aftermath [of the crisis], it’s not really all that different.” Rogoff published “Foundations of International Macroeconomics” in 1996. Contact MICHAEL LEOPOLD at .




“Innovation — any new idea — by definition will not be accepted at first. … This requires courageous patience.” WARREN BENNIS AMERICAN LEADERSHIP SCHOLAR

New Haven biotech industry growing BIOTECH FROM PAGE 1 rently working in the Elm City’s emerging biotech industry — which uses biological research to tackle health-related challenges. Alexion’s move back to New Haven marks just one of several developments in the past few years that have catapulted the Elm City into a position as a major biotech player nationwide. A March 2014 article in FierceBiotech, a publication devoted exclusively to biotech-related news, ranked New Haven the 13th best city for biotech venture funding in the country. When Boris Feldman ’76 LAW ’80 left Yale 30 years ago, he said promising graduates scoffed at the idea of staying in the Elm City after graduation. He himself lives in Palo Alto and is now a practicing lawyer. “There was no entrepreneurial community at all — literally nothing,” Feldman said. “Everybody just wanted to get out of New Haven — there was no notion, of jeez, there is some business I can do here.” In 1970, only 21 percent of jobs in New Haven were in the fields of education and health care, two areas intimately involved in producing biotechnology, but that number has since risen to a staggering 42 percent. Furthermore, while in 1970 the School of Medicine’s expenses made up just 17 percent of Yale’s budget, that figure has now reached 44 percent. Today, local healthcare and pharmaceutical firms, combined with the Yale Medical School and YaleNew Haven Hospital, account for 16 percent of jobs in New Haven County. These percentages have risen dramatically in the last decade due to major investments, including the Smillow Cancer Hospital at Yale-New Haven. Most recently in the local biotech scene, New Haven-based Kolltan Pharmaceuticals ushered in $60 million in funding to develop a drug targeting malignancies in cancer patients. Additionally, University President Peter Salovey has pledged to follow his predecessor’s footsteps in promoting a burgeoning science community both in the University and beyond its walls. With a supply of talent, innovative ideas and new facilities, New Haven is ripe with potential. But, to accelerate the growth of the biotech industry and turn the Elm City into a true hub, more leaders must emerge, facilities need to promote more collaboration and a culture must be fostered that views even failures as opportunities for the industry to grow, so that young entrepreneurs can take risks in order to make new discoveries. These qualities are present in nationally acclaimed biotech hubs like Palo Alto and Cambridge, which have traditionally been far more successful in attracting those interested in biotechnology. These cities have strong collegiate bases as well — and with the return of Alexion, a supportive Yale and a host of successful startups, the future looks bright for New Haven. But the question remains: Is now the time for New Haven to break into that elite rank of biotech cities, or should it find a separate biotech niche, tailored to the strengths of the Elm City? “There are a lot of biotech companies that have expressed quite a bit of interest in coming to New Haven,” said Kiran Marok, the project director of a new city development project. “Everyone is interested in being close to Yale and the Yale-New Haven Hospital, and, especially with Alexion moving back, there’s a lot of momentum.”


New Haven’s rise to biotech fame began with a profound attitude shift in the 90s. “Until the early 90s, most people just stayed in the laboratory or the University,” said City Economic Development Administrator Matt Nemerson SOM ’81. “When we started to see the big flourish of biotech companies in New Haven, it was because of a change in the way that top scientists could continue the development of their own careers.” He explained that scientists began to realize that instead of working for large pharmaceutical companies, they could capitalize on their lab research by becoming the CEOs of the their own startups. This attitude shift was accompanied by a growing network of resources for entrepreneurs to find funding, space and support for projects. Science Park in the mid 90s was far from what it is today, according to Irving Adler, executive director of corporate communications at Alexion. He said the facilities were “extremely basic” and “not in great shape.” But since then, the atmosphere has changed. Now housing research labs, technology startups and biotech companies, Science Park is also adding residential and retail spaces designed to reshape the park into a 24-hour community. Developers and administrators interviewed suggested that this will encourage Yalies to stay in New Haven to start businesses after graduation. Across town is 300 George St., a nine-story complex that boasts 519,000 square feet of lab and office space, redeveloped in 2007. A plaque that rests in the lobby of the building lists a series of laboratories leased to the Yale School of Medicine and Yale-New Haven hospital. Yale shares the space with approximately 10 biotech companies, including New Haven startups like Kolltan and Achillon Pharmaceuticals. That site got an even bigger boost this month when Winstanley Enterprises partnered with Biomed Realty to attract life science companies to the city. BioMed, in a press release, said it plans a $308 million investment in the sites at 300 George St. and 100 College St. Yale has also stepped up to the plate, investing in facilities and organizations such as the Center for Genome Analysis, which helps scientists present projects to investors. Yale was one of four founders of CURE, a bioscience research network designed to connect companies that has developed in the past 10 years, gaining a distribution list reaching over 4,000 people. Over the past decade, the Yale Office of Cooperative Research has also been an instrumental part of the biotech movement. OCR works with faculty members to identify technologies, protect them and then develop a plan to market them to investors. OCR has been working to create a more robust community of investors in town on a regular basis. “When I came here back in the late 90s, there had been a series of companies that had started and left,” said Jon Soderstrom, Managing Director of OCR. “President Levin wanted to know why we couldn’t keep people here. And part of the reason was that we were not invested in them — there were companies that were spurring up and moving on because there was no attraction to keep them here.” Since then, the OCR has become “much more intimately” involved in the process of forming companies, identifying investors, and locating facilities as a way of

providing value-added assistance to companies just starting up. In doing so, the OCR has developed a number of relationships with investors that have helped spawn companies. Despite these new resources, some entrepreneurs claim New Haven needs even more facilities in the downtown area to make it a competitive biotech hub. Some biotech firms are forced to locate their laboratories in places like Branford and New Britain because New Haven lacks enough large facilities, said Yale Entrepreneurial Institute Managing Partner Jim Boyle. Still, the success of existing biotech facilities has caught the attention of politicians — who are now touting the biotech industry as a key to economic development in New Haven and in the state. To help build the industry in New Haven and elsewhere, Connecticut Innovations, a group formed by the Connecticut state legislator in 1989 to help jumpstart promising technology companies, recently developed the Bioscience Innovation Fund: a $200 million, 10 year ever-green fund allocated to both startups and larger companies to boost bioscience across the state. According to the Council of State Governments, for every biotech job, two indirect jobs are added to the economy from the business that greater employment brings to the city. Connecticut’s Department of Economic and Community Development Commissioner Catherine Smith SOM ’83 said she sees biotech as key to the state’s economic development strategy and New Haven as a central to that movement. “We see New Haven as being very active in this space,” Smith said. “We will continue to provide loans for companies that are helping step up the economy to create jobs and create great revenue to put back into the state.” Mayor Toni Harp championed biotech on her campaign trail and now, in office, says that she plans to continue to build on the biotechnology sector. “With all the innovation and development over the last two decades, we’re starting to see major payoffs,” said Tim Shannon, former CEO of startup Arvinas and current biotech investor as a venture partner at Canaan Partners.


But even with these facilities and infrastructure, a biotech market cannot succeed without a strong culture — and this is what the Elm City has so far been unable foster. According to John Fitzpatrick, founder and CEO of Applivate, a New Haven based startup that has developed an app to track diabetes, it has been quite difficult to foster a true biotech and startup community. “A lot of it is perception — that these things have to be done elsewhere to be successful,” Shannon said. “I can tell you firsthand there’s nothing magical about those places, except for momentum.” Two New Haven poster boys have started to build this momentum. Craig Crews, the founder of two companies that produce cancer-fighting drugs, and Joseph Schlessinger, who co-founded Kolltan, a company that received $60 million this March to develop a drug targeting malignancies in cancer patients, are two of New Haven’s most prominent biotech scientists. Over the past decade, Crews, the executive director of the Yale Molecular Discovery Center at West Campus, has been instrumental in helping spearhead two startups in the New Haven area. Most recently, Crews founded



52 Connecticut 39 New Haven County 20 New Haven

Arvinas, a company that aims to develop new drugs to treat cancer and autoimmune diseases. This past December, he was recognized as Entrepreneur of the Year by Connecticut United for Research Excellence, a state bioscience organization, which includes a range of science companies, universities, entrepreneurs and investors. Crews, a resident of the greater New Haven area of 19 years, is a strong supporter of and believer in the local bioscience community and rejected an offer from a topline Cambridge-based venture capitalist firm to purchase Arvinas. “I wanted to keep the company here in New Haven, and the state made it very easy to say yes,” Crews said. “This is a home-grown biotech, and this is just one of the many advances in helping grow the local biotech community.” Some young graduates are beginning to follow in Crews and Schlessinger’s footsteps. Sean Mackay SOM ’14 has decided to stay in New Haven next year to work on his business venture, IsoPlexis, which is selling a new technology to analyze cancer immune subsets. He cited mentorship through YEI and access to funding as “major drivers” in his decision to stay in New Haven next year. Lynch said that in order to kickstart the startup culture, the city will need to create a few more of these poster boys like Crews and Schlessinger. Feldman added that the culture of the city must reform until “failure is seen as success.” He explained that in large biotech hubs, even failures are seen as contributions to the industry because those involved in the company can bring their experience into a new venture. “You just don’t see that in New Haven today,” Feldman said. Developing the culture goes hand-in-hand with creating spaces that facilitate collaboration. While the Grove, a co-working space, and Bioscience Clubhouse Connecticut, a physical and virtual gathering space for state biotech entrepreneurs, provide important places to share information, there need to be more. Connecticut Innovations’ Director of Bioscience Initiatives Margaret Cartiera said that infrastructure changes must take place to support mentorship, networking and other interactions that can keep and maintain companies in the area. “We need a physical space where everyone can be slammed together,” Boyle said. “You need a place where all biotech companies

MAJOR BIOTECH DEVELOPMENTS IN THE ELM CITY 1980s Yale and large Connecticut pharmaceuticals form CURE, the state's bioscience cluster connecting small and large healthcare science companies. 1980



1982 Yale Office of Cooperative Research founded to foster commercial investment in discoveries made through Yale faculty research.




1982 Yale and New Haven establish Science Park, an area housing research labs and startups on 80 acres of land between Science Hill and the Newhallville neighborhood.


can come and spend 16-18 hours together.” He pointed to the Cambridge Innovations Center — a megaplex of over 600 companies where meeting rooms are set up to make work collaborative — as a location that has helped give rise to that city’s startup scene. MIT biology professor and Nobel Prize winner in physiology Phillip Sharp said this center has been particularly important in bringing new people out of the universities into entrepreneurial ventures. He added that globally renowned realty group Alexandria Real Estate Equities provides incubator space to small companies with space for up to 30-50 employees before they are ready to go out and receive a longterm lease. “Those [companies] are all buildable by any person in any place, but it’s just twice or three times as fast and easy here,” Sharp said. “That creates momentum and makes [Cambridge] a very attractive place to be.” Boyle said Yale and the city have a critical challenge of both making as many profitable biotechs as possible and keeping them in New Haven.


Fostering a biotech culture is not only about making a city inviting for new entrepreneurs, but also about the ensuing support system that surrounds these scientists. “We’ve created a virtuous cycle [in Cambridge] that’s hard to replicate,” said CEO of Cambridgebased biotech Ataxion Josh Resnick. “In biotech, it’s hard to build up that critical mass. New Haven certainly has the science and medicine, but the rest of the capital and entrepreneurship and executive talent is not quite there.” While San Francisco has $1.15 billion in biotech investing each year, with Boston/Cambridge coming up just behind at $933.59 million, New Haven has only ushered in $50 million per year. Director of the Yale Cancer Center Thomas Lynch ’82 MED ’86 said that New Haven is currently home to about 20-30 biotech companies, but the city would need to reach 50 or 60 to create a more self-sustaining environment for the industry. Sharp, who co-founded Biogen, one of the first major biotech companies in Cambridge, said that part of the secret to Cambridge’s success is that the city has a network of CEO’s and chief scientific leaders, patent lawyers, technicians, realtors and venture capitalists willing to invest in new projects.

Jan 2014 Connecticut Innovations launches first round of Bioscience Innovation Fund, a 10-year, $200 million fund to boost bioscience across the state. 2007



2007 Winstanley Enterprises completes redevelopment of the 519,000 square foot building at 300 George St., housing Yale School of Medicine and Yale-New Haven Hospital labs and biotech companies.




2010 $150 million renovation of 600,000 square-foot complex at Science Park begins.

If a city has these crucial support networks, new companies will be more likely to settle in the area. “It is all very established territory, which allows a company or an investor to take uncertainty out of the process,” Sharp said. Taking away that uncertainty is critical in an industry like biotech, where expenses to transfer a product from pre-clinical phase to commercialization could cost up to $1.4 billion, according to Shannon. Elm Street Ventures Founder and Managing Partner Rob Bettigole ’76 SOM ’83, whose company has invested in local startups, said New Haven’s comparatively later start to other biotech cities puts the Elm City at a disadvantage. Many argue that what the city needs is a more robust investing environment in Connecticut. Yale has venture firms in New Haven like Elm Street Ventures and Launch Capital, but there needs to be more. “It’s not better science — in those places there is just a much larger number of existing companies,” Bettigole said. “Success breeds success, and then that attracts investors.” Hasan Ansari SOM ’14 understands the competition for investors in New Haven. Ansari worked with a team through YEI to create TummyZen, a brand of antacid. He said he and his team struggled to raise money in the New Haven area to produce their pills and market the product online and in local pharmacies. Fortunately, using School of Management grants and YEI grants, Ansari and his team developed a website and created the first batch of their product last fall. He said that without the grant his team would have been out of luck. Soderstrom believes that New Haven is not unique in the challenges it has faced in attracting investors. Only Cambridge and Silicon Valley, he said, do not suffer to the same extent from a similar lack of investors. Of all venture capital firms in the nation, Feldman predicted 65 percent of them are concentrated on one mile on Sand Hill Road in Menlo Park, a town near Palo Alto. Nevertheless, Feldman does not think it’s really an issue of capital, as Yale and New Haven have access to capital through Southern Connecticut, a center of private equity, as well as access to New York City. The issue, rather, is building critical mass of companies so that scientists feel comfortable switching between quality jobs. “They key to biotech is that SEE BIOTECH PAGE 6

Mar 2014 New Havenbased Kolltan Pharmaceuticals receives $60 million in funding to develop cancer drug. 2013



Jun 2015 Multi-billion dollar pharmaceutical company Alexion expected to move global headquarters back to New Haven.




“I don’t know if it matters what country you’re from, size of the city you’re from, urban or rural, there are people that are hurting each other everywhere.” JUDD NELSON AMERICAN ACTOR

Rural voters play outsized role in election BY ISABELLE TAFT STAFF REPORTER Connecticut’s rural voters may be playing an outsize role in deciding who will get the Republican nomination for governor this May — and who will win control of the governor’s mansion this November. Just five percent of the state’s population lived in rural areas in 2013, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. But rural voters play a particularly important role in the Republican Party, and could help to counter the Democratic Party’s strength in urban areas. In the 2012 presidential election, Mitt Romney won just one county in Connecticut: rural Litchfield County, known as the “Quiet Corner” of the state. Higher rates of gun ownership among rural voters could lead them to coalesce against state Sen. John McKinney ’86 in the Republican primary. McKinney co-sponsored SB-1160, which passed just over a year ago and banned dozens of assault weapons and required the owners of banned firearms to register them with the state.

I try to talk to every voter, one voter at a time and explain that I was representing the people… JOHN MCKINNEY ’86 Senator of Connecticut “Many rural voters in Connecticut, as they are in other parts of the country, are gun enthusiasts,” said Gary Rose, chair of the Department of Government and Politics at Sacred Heart University. “That is emerging as a very important issue in the context of the Republican Primary, and it’s not favoring John McKinney.” Rose said he believes rural Republicans’ anger over SB-1160 will drive them to support Danbury Mayor Mark Boughton or Tom Foley, who lost the 2010 gubernatorial contest by just 6,000 votes. Last week, Boughton dropped out of Mayors Against Illegal Guns, an organization that supports stricter gun control laws. Chris Cooper, a spokesman for Foley’s campaign, said Foley would support altering SB-1160 to reduce restrictions on “lawabiding gun owners.” A Quinnipiac University poll released last month showed 36 percent of registered Republicans support Foley, compared to 11 percent who support Boughton and just 3 percent who support

McKinney. McKinney said he has made the case to rural voters that in supporting SB-1160, he was carrying out the wishes of his constituents. “I try to talk to every voter, one voter at a time and explain that I was representing the people of the 28th district who were largely in favor of the bill,” McKinney said. “And many people, especially in rural areas, are represented by state senators who followed their wishes, which were to vote against the bill.” McKinney said he thinks economic issues are the biggest concern for all voters, including those who own guns. Rose agreed, adding that the significance of rural voters as a bloc is downplayed in the general election. In a tight election, however, Connecticut’s largely rural agricultural sector could play a major role. According to a recent report by the U.S. Census, the number of farms in the state increased from 4,900 to nearly 6,000 over the last five years. The agricultural industry employs 28,000 people statewide, according to a 2010 study by the University of Connecticut. Last week, Gov. Dannel Malloy announced a deal with the federal government to allocate $8 million towards farmland preservation. The money will be used to purchase the development rights from farmers, meaning the land cannot be used for any purpose besides agriculture. For farmers who don’t intend to sell their land to developers, the program provides immediate revenue for participating farmers and lessens the value of the land, reducing participants’ tax burden. Terry Jones, owner and operator of Jones Family Farms and a board member of Working Lands Alliance, an organization that works to preserve farmland in Connecticut, said this “significant” initiative reflects the governor’s record of involvement in agriculture. Jones said his organization and other agriculture NGO’s reached out to both Malloy and Foley during the 2010 campaign, but Foley never met with the Working Lands Alliance or any other farming groups, as far as Jones knows. “We are very bipartisan and even our Republican members acknowledged that Foley just kind of ignored us,” Jones said. Jones said the Working Lands Alliance plans to reach out to both Malloy and the Republican candidate ahead of the general election. The agricultural industry contributes $3.5 billion to the Connecticut economy each year, according to the UConn study. Contact ISABELLE TAFT at .

Alders back violence prevention plan


New Haven legislators are trying to balance restricting businesses and reducing danger in the club scene as they consider public safety laws. BY ISAAC STANLEY-BECKER STAFF REPORTER A recent rash of teen violence has called the city to reflect on its commitment to public safety and security. One part of that commitment pertains to an area of concern to Mayor Toni Harp — New Haven’s downtown nightclub scene, which saw legislative action Tuesday night by the Board of Alders’ public safety committee. Lawmakers unanimously backed the mayor’s “Legislative Action Plan” to address a spate of shootings in or near nightclubs at the end of last year. They included the creation of an entertainment policing district, increased oversight of liquor license renewals and tightened standards for private security guards. All require legislative approval by the state. Harp said the crackdown on “problem clubs” and the effort to quell teen violence are related — and that the fallout from the teens’ deaths brings renewed focus to other public safety initiatives. Twenty-year-old Durrell Patrick Law, 17-yearold Taijhon Washington and 16-year-old Torrence Gamble Jr. were all killed in shootings in the past three-and-a-half months. Those deaths spurred a city-wide canvass last week to address gun violence. “Those tragic deaths cer-

tainly give new meaning to this effort,” Harp said, referring to the action plan first drawn up by her predecessor, former Mayor John DeStefano Jr. “This is about the Board of Alders hearing our proposals and showing their support, which is important for the state delegation.” Harp added that she will be unveiling specific measures to address youth violence later this week. She said she wants to get the community involved in mentoring programs. At-risk youth need more “safe havens” in the city, Harp said, pointing to fire stations as a potential option. She said her office is also interested in locating resources for a youth jobs program that would keep children at risk for violence engaged in productive behavior. One of the goals of the club violence crackdown is keeping minors away from alcohol. Since a special police detail for bars took effect last September, police have seen increased compliance, said Lieutenant Jeff Hoffman. He said the special detail, engaged Thursday through Saturday from 11 p.m. till 3 a.m., costs about $7,000 a week. To formalize the detail under a downtown policing district, the city would need to locate a specific funding stream, said Rebecca Bombero, acting parks director and a legislative liaison. Bombero said most of the

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work involves gearing up for next year’s legislative session in Hartford. With only the shortened session this year, bills typically must have a negligible fiscal impact or be attached to other legislation. Still, she said a handful of the mayor’s proposals could become law this year. Michael Harris ’15, Harp’s liaison to the Board, said the alders’ vote is critical in making that happen. He called the endorsement of the “Legislative Action Plan” a show of support for the city’s larger effort to look into numerous “problem establishments,” including the Lazy Lizard club and the Key Club, where six people were shot — one fatally — in October 2013. Ward 26 Alder Darryl Brackeen, Jr. raised two objections to the proposed resolution, saying both that the legislation did not have enough “teeth” to it and that it threatened to undermine local commerce. Hoffman replied that businesses have been included in conversations surrounding the crackdown, and that NHPD Police Chief Dean Esserman has been meeting one-on-one with owners of downtown establishments serving liquor. Brackeen and the other alders were appeased, asking only for one amendment to a clause giving police the authority to oversee any establishment that is the site of three

or more calls for emergency service in a period of 30 days. Town Green District Executive Director Win Davis said he was worried the language would discourage club owners from calling the police in the event of a medical emergency. Alders amended the language to specify “police-related, non-medical” calls. Other aspects of the city’s proposed action plan include expanded means of proving a club owner is in violation of the law. More minor infractions that would not warrant an independent investigation by the Department of Consumer Protection would be factored into a more holistic assessment of an establishment’s compliance. Bombero said the measures are reasonable and reflect a common-sense commitment to public safety. “You don’t want to have to use the stick, but you want the stick to be in your back pocket,” she said. A number of the mayor’s proposals are currently in effect under a pilot “problem bar” bill. Part of the “Legislative Action Plan” is asking lawmakers in Hartford to extend that bill. The Connecticut General Assembly adjourns on May 7. Contact ISAAC STANLEYBECKER at .




“The way taxes are, you might as well marry for love.” JOE E. LEWIS AMERICAN COMEDIAN

Phillips recalls captivity Yale investment stays constant PHILLIPS FROM PAGE 1 one of the crewmembers hostage, Phillip’s crew took the pirate leader hostage. Though the two parties eventually traded hostages, Phillips said the agreement required him to get into a lifeboat with the four Somali men. At that point, Phillips said, “I felt like 99 percent of my problems were solved — my ship and crew were safe — I just had to get myself out of the lifeboat.” Phillips spent the next three days on that lifeboat with the four other men, subjected to beatings, verbal harassment and starvation. On the third day, an operation orchestrated by US Navy SEALs brought Phillips to safety. Reflecting on the saga, Phillips said he learned that he could exceed his own expectations for

himself, and also to “never trust a pirate.” Phillips’wife, Andrea, who was present at the talk, was teary-eyed as she told the audience how she had turned on the television on Easter morning to see the words “Captain Phillips saved” at the ticker on the bottom of the screen. Andrea Phillips added that coping with the media coverage took a significant toll on her family. “He had to deal with four Somali pirates… Well I had to deal with the media” she joked. Andrew Torano ’16, a member of ROTC who attended the talk, said he was surprised how much of the story had not been told in the movie. Karina Kovalick ’17 said she was surprised how unfazed and humorous Phillips seemed about the whole situation. It was

inspiring to hear someone who has been through such a harrowing experience telling the audience “you can do it,” she said. Chase Skoda ’17, member of ROTC who attended the talk, said it was interesting to see the perspective of someone who went through a major historical event in his lifetime. Skoda added that while this event drew a lot of national attention, Navy SEALs often deal with crises like these that are not as well documented. “Being a captain of a ship is a bigger deal than some people understand,” Skoda said. In 2010, Phillips published a book about the hijacking called “A Captain’s Duty: Somali Pirates, Navy SEALS, and Dangerous Days at Sea.” Contact LILLIAN CHILDRESS at .

City fosters biotech culture BIOTECH FROM PAGE 4 these firms want to be near each other,” said Alpern. “That’s why you have hubs like Silicon Valley and Cambridge, because if a person is starting a business, they know that, if it doesn’t work out, they can switch to another company without moving. When a biotech company chooses to not set up in New Haven, it’s because of the location and proximity to other companies.” Alpern said that New Haven has started to build this necessary critical mass by providing businesses spaces, zoning approvals and grant permits. Feldman added Pittsburgh and Cleveland are logical places to have high-tech centers because

they have great technical universities — Carnegie Mellon and Case Western — and a very low cost of living. But the culture there also isn’t quite right and as a result, the critical mass of biotech companies has not been built. As the industry continues to grow, many experts in the field believe that New Haven should not strive to reach the level of Cambridge or Silicon Valley — rather, New Haven must put itself in a more competitive position to ensure that those with innovative ideas in biotech stay in the Elm City. “New Haven doesn’t have to replicate anything, but it can be a very exciting and interesting biotech area with virtues independent of those,” Shannon said. New Haven’s relatively low cost

of living is one such advantage. The BiotechFierce article that ranked New Haven the 13th best biotech city in the country ended with the following statement: “Connecticut may not be the first place that biotech entrepreneurs have in mind when they start a company, but when the circumstances are right it can make a lot of sense.” Soderstrom thinks that people are beginning to notice, adding that, “I don’t think it’s coincidence that I got an email from a CEO last week that was thinking about setting up in Cambridge and thinks they should be thinking about New Haven instead.” Contact J.R REED at .


Mayor Harp’s proposed tax increase could make living in New Haven less attractive for potential homeowners. TAX HIKE FROM PAGE 1 ments are revised annually to reflect changes in the city’s property taxes. With over 80 retail units and 500 apartment units in the areas surrounding campus, University Properties – the office managing Yale’s commercial and real estate holdings – makes the University one of the city’s five highest taxpayers. Although it does not pay taxes on educational buildings, Yale shells out over $4 million in taxes for its commercial and real estate properties. When taxes increase, therefore, tenants see an increase in overhead costs. Tom Maloney, who has run the Chapel Street clothing store Raggs for the past 30 years, said tax increases in overhead costs typically trickle down to affect prices for consumers. If taxes increase next year, he said, clothing prices

might increase slightly as well. Maloney said the question that business owners must answer is whether his location at the heart of New Haven’s downtown is worth the higher property taxes. For Maloney, it is.

“Tax hikes are nothing new.” CARIN KEANE Spokesperson, University Properties “I think New Haven is a good place to do business, and I don’t think that businesses thinking about moving [to New Haven] would be deterred by higher taxes,” Maloney said. Juárez purchased his home in Beaver Creek through Yale’s Homebuyer Program – an initiative that subsidizes homeown-

ership in the Elm City for Yale employees. Without the subsidy, Juárez said that New Haven’s high property taxes would make purchasing a home in the city less viable. Juárez said he has several friends who have decided against moving to New Haven precisely because of the already-high taxes. One of them instead opted for Madison, a suburb with much lower tax rates, he said. “The proposed tax hikes would probably be a $150 increase for the average New Havener,” Juárez said. “I don’t think 150 bucks a year is going to make me move out of New Haven right now, but I do think it will make things look more unattractive for potential movers.” The new budget will go into effect on July 1. Contact POOJA SALHOTRA at .

Africa initiative progresses AFRICA FROM PAGE 1 Zedillo said the conference, which was entitled “Africa at a Fork in the Road: Taking Off or Disappointment Once Again?,” allowed participants to be open and honest about Africa’s strengths and weaknesses. “We have very high level people from Africa, but also people who do serious work on Africa,” Zedillo said.

There are a number of things that can’t work in Africa. JACOB ODOUR African Development Bank Stephen Roach, a senior fellow at the Yale Jackson Institute for Global Affairs who moderated a panel called “Factors of change: how globalized is Africa?,” said the conference successfully opened up the debate on African economic development. Africa sometimes falls through the cracks in the common narrative of global development, Roach said.

Roach, who teaches a Yale College course called “The Next China,” said the conference inspired him to consider incorporating the study of China’s link with Africa when he teaches the class in the future. Michael Skonieczny, executive director of the Yale Global Health Leadership Institute, said bringing people together to discuss African issues in the abstract can help produce concrete action in the future. Salovey hosted a lunch for attendees of the conference, as well as several Yale professors and Yale-NUS President Pericles Lewis. During the lunch, Singapore Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam delivered a talk urging nations to take an active role in combating income inequality worldwide. He cited policies in Singapore that dictate where people live in an effort to prevent one race from dominating a neighborhood as examples of measures that governments could take to address this issue. He also emphasized the development of a social culture that prizes civic engagement and education. After the lunch, several attendees criticized Shanmuga-

ratnam for focusing too exclusively on Singapore, rather than addressing possible solutions to Africa’s development challenges. “There are differences between the Singaporean model and the African model,” said Jacob Odour, who works for the African Development Bank. “There are a number of things that can’t work in Africa.” Organized by the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization and held at the Greenberg Center near the Divinity School, the conference brought together approximately 50 high-level policymakers and academics for a dialogue about the future of the African continent. Among the speakers at the conference were former World Bank President Jim Wolfensohn, former Mexican President and head of the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization Ernesto Zedillo GRD ’81 and President of the African Development Bank Donald Kaberuka. There are currently over 540 alumni of the Fox Fellowship program, which was founded in 1989. Contact LAVINIA BORZI at and MATTHEW LLOYD-THOMAS at .





Dow Jones 16,262.56, +0.55%

S NASDAQ 4,034.16, +0.29% S Oil $103.82, +0.05%

S S&P 500 1,842.98, +0.68% T 10-yr. Bond 2.63, -0.04% T Euro $1.38, +0.02%

New York police end Muslim serveillance program


A group of people hold signs protesting the New York Police Department’s program of infiltrating and informing on Muslim communities during a rally near police headquarters in New York. BY JAKE PEARSON AND TOM HAYS ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW YORK — A special New York Police Department unit that sparked controversy by tracking the daily lives of Muslims in an effort to detect terror threats has been disbanded, police officials said Tuesday. NYPD spokesman Stephen Davis confirmed that detectives assigned to the unit had been transferred to other duties within the department’s Intelligence Division. An ongoing review of the division by new Police Commissioner William Bratton found that the

same information collected by the unit could be better collected through direct contact with community groups, officials said. In a statement, Mayor Bill de Blasio, a Democrat, called the move “a critical step forward in easing tensions between the police and the communities they serve, so that our cops and our citizens can help one another go after the real bad guys.” The Demographics Unit, conceived with the help of a CIA agent working with the NYPD, assembled databases on where Muslims lived, shopped, worked and prayed. Plainclothes officers infiltrated Muslim student groups,

put informants in mosques, monitored sermons and cataloged Muslims in New York who adopted new, Americanized surnames. After a series of stories by The Associated Press detailing the extent of the NYPD’s surveillance of Muslims, two civil rights lawsuits were filed challenging the activities as unconstitutional because they focused on people’s religion, national origin and race. Former Police Commissioner Ray Kelly had defended the surveillance tactics, saying officers observed legal guidelines while attempting to create an early warning system for terrorism.

But in a deposition made public in 2012, an NYPD chief testified that the unit’s work had never generated a lead or triggered a terrorism investigation in the previous six years. Linda Sarsour, the executive director of the Arab American Association of New York, said she was among a group of advocates at a private meeting last week with police brass at which the department’s new intelligence chief, John Miller, first indicated the unit — renamed the Zone Assessment Unit — wasn’t viable. She applauded the decision but said there’s still concern about the police use of informants to infil-

trate mosques without specific evidence of crime. “This was definitely a part of the big puzzle that we’re trying to get dismantled,” Sarsour said. But, she added, “This doesn’t necessarily prove to us yet that these very problematic practices are going to end.” Another person at the meeting, Fahd Ahmed, the legal and policy director of Desis Rising Up and Moving, called the decision “a small step.” He questioned what had happened to the information gathered by the unit. “The concern wasn’t just about the fact that this data was being collected secretly — it was about

the fact that this data was being collected at all,” he said. New York Civil Liberties Union Executive Director Donna Lieberman hailed the decision, saying police-community relations took a blow from the unit’s broad surveillance of all Muslims, not just people suspected of wrongdoing. “We hope this means an end to the dragnet approach to policing that has been so harmful to police-community relations and a commitment to going after criminal suspicion, rather than innocent New Yorkers,” said Lieberman, whose organization is involved in lawsuits over the practice.




“It is not the ship so much as the skillful sailing that assures the prosperous voyage.” GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS AMERICAN WRITER

Coed sailing takes three trophies SAILING FROM PAGE 12 margin of victory of 50 points in the regatta by avoiding big risks and taking advantage of their strengths. “Winning the de facto Ivy League championship is always exciting for our team, as it means a lot to the University,” Landy said. The coed team also raced for the Thompson Trophy this weekend and finished in 13th place. The A division was sailed by skipper Max Nickbarg ’14 and crew Natalya Doris ’17, while skipper Mitchell Kiss ’17 competed in the B division with

crew members Sarah Smith ’15 and Emily Johnson ’16. Skipper Eric Anderson ’16 sailed the C division with crew Chandler Gregoire ’17. The A, B and C divisions placed fifth, eighth and 15th, respectively. The women’s sailing team also sent a squad of underclassmen to the President’s Trophy this weekend. Marly Isler ’16 skippered the A division with Clara Robertson ’17 as crew, and skipper Astrid Pacini ’16 sailed the B division with crew Megan Valentine ’16 and Isabelle Rossi de Leon ’17. “It was [Pacini’s] first big women’s regatta, so we were

Quinn talks lax goals

working on boat handling and figuring out the shifts on the Charles,” Rossi de Leon said. “She found her groove on Sunday.” Isler led the Bulldogs to an A division victory, while Pacini and her crew finished in eighth place in the B division. The women will travel to Dartmouth this weekend for their New England Championship, while the coed team will send squads to regattas hosted by Fordham, MIT, Harvard, the University of Rhode Island and Boston University. Contact ERICA PANDEY at .

Baldwin impresses as catcher BASEBALL FROM PAGE 12 he earned Class 5A all-state honors and was a three-year letter winner. When Baldwin arrived on campus, however, he found himself stuck behind Brenner and Piwinski in the catching pecking order. He saw spot action behind the plate and at first base while also providing valuable skills on the mound, making eight appearances last year and leading all Yale relievers with a 1.69 ERA. “They’re both great guys,” Baldwin said of his predecessors. “Each one of them taught me different things about catching, and I try to combine the wisdom that both of them have imparted on me and try to show it in my game.” After compiling just five hits in his first two seasons, Baldwin has risen to the occasion in the 2014 campaign by belting out 29 hits, 10 of which went for extra bases. But Baldwin’s composure and defense behind the plate have also been important for the Elis’ success. He has thrown out nearly 30 percent of runners trying to steal on him, and his .980 fielding percentage is higher than both his team’s overall average and Yale’s opponents’ percentage. “He’s one of the best I’ve ever

seen at handling different pitchers,” Hanson said. “He’s very keen to what every pitcher is looking for in every situation. He’s the guy I’m most comfortable throwing to in my four years here.” The junior has also saved his best for big games. In the Bulldogs’ 8–7 victory at then-No. 3 LSU earlier in the year, Baldwin was 2-4 with 2 RBI, including the first Eli run of the game to jump-start the rally in the fifth inning. In a doubleheader at Columbia, Baldwin went 3-6 with three doubles. Less than a week later, he provided the first run of the game as well as what would prove to be the gamewinning double with two outs in the sixth inning against Princeton. Three times this season, Baldwin has earned his way onto the Ivy League honor roll for the week, largely due to his hitting. Baldwin said that playing every day has helped him perform well. “The last two years, I’ve been behind really, really good catchers,” Baldwin said. “I’ve been waiting for the chance, and it’s really fun going to the baseball field everyday knowing that you’ll be in the starting lineup.” Baldwin also cited the security of being the starting catcher as helping to give him “clarity of mind.”

The Bulldogs have already won as many games this season as they did in 2013, and Baldwin’s production has been a big part of that. His two homers lead the team, and Hanson described him as a “positive presence,” whether at-bat or on the field. “Catcher is one of those positions, if you have a great defensive catcher, he can be your worst hitter by a mile and you won’t be upset,” Hanson said. “But he’s been really carrying us through our wins this season. He’s quietly been one of our best hitters.” Hanson added that Baldwin has looked confident at the plate this season. As far as goals for the rest of the year go, Baldwin says he has just one thing in mind: winning the Ivy League title. “We have a one game lead [in the Red Rolfe division] right now,” Baldwin said. “I really want it more than anything in the world right now. That’s literally the only thing in the world I’m thinking about.” Yale’s next game is today at 3:30 p.m. against Sacred Heart. The Bulldogs return to conference play this weekend with four home games against Harvard. Contact GRANT BRONSDON at .


Defender Michael Quinn (no. 44) is third on the team in ground balls with 23. MEN’S LACROSSE FROM PAGE 12 season criticism about the defense and now answering those critics with solid performances throughout the season?


Jimmy Craft ’14 is a great leader as our captain at the helm. He has really done a great job integrating as we have had a couple injuries this season. With Christopher Keating ’17 going down, guys like David Better ’15 and Alirio DeMeireles ’15 have stepped up and both have played great. But Jimmy is the orchestrator. We had a chip on our shoulder with all the guys at Inside Lacrosse Magazine talking about how we lost two great players in the offseason. However, I think we have used that to our advantage to work hard in the offseason and prove people’s predictions about us wrong.

important has goaltender Eric QHow Natale ’15 been to the team’s success?


He has been extremely important. No matter how well we play as a unit, he is our backbone. There are certainly times in every game when the defense breaks down and the only person left standing is Eric. He’s played great all season, specifically against Providence and this past weekend at Brown. He has continued his success from last year. As a defenseman, it is nice knowing you have someone solid behind you so that you can play a little bit harder and take a bit more risk and knowing that he is most likely going to bail you out if you get beat.

has surprised you about this team QWhat and its character or abilities?


We have been able to deal with a lot of adversity this season. Losing a bunch of contributors from last year like Kirby Zdrill ’13, Michael McCormack ’13 and Peter Johnson ’13 was hard enough. On top of that we have had a number of injuries, with AJ Rocco [’17] going down as well as Keating, and we have had to deal with day to day injuries to myself and Alexander Otero ’15, to name a few. Everyone is stepping up all over the place and that is exactly what we needed. My experience about this team is that everyone will keep grinding it out.

Brown game was a bit of a scare for QThe the team. How are you hoping to build off of that?


Catcher Robert Baldwin ’15 (no. 34) is second on the team in slugging, RBIs and hits.

We definitely didn’t do a very good job of game management at Brown. The offense was clicking very well in the first quarter. After that I think we started playing more conservatively. We stopped making that extra pass or the extra play, and that let them get back in the game. We definitely

have to give Brown credit. Their goalie made a couple point blank saves. Defensively, we got off the game plan and stopped thinking about fundamentals. A big key this week is getting back defensively to what has been successful. I think we need to look back to the Lehigh game, where we executed really well. in the Big House something you QIslookplaying forward to or more of a distraction from the crucial Ivy campaign?


I think it’s a good thing. We only have one more Ivy League game with Harvard as our last game. This is definitely a really exciting experience for a lot of guys on the team including myself. We have never played in a big venue like the Big House. We don’t really play many games where we are flying places. It is good to be able to take our mind away from Ivy League for a week. Everyone is really pumped. It is a really cool opportunity for us against a team that is young but very dangerous.

does the team need to do better if it QWhat hopes to get to the NCAA tournament?


Moving forward, we are going to have to stick with the fundamentals. We need 5 percent more from every player, and everyone has to play a little harder, faster and with a little bit more hustle. Both offensively and defensively, we need to play a little smarter. We can definitely do a better job executing and doing the things we do in practice. We do drills in practice to simulate game time plays, and I think sometimes nerves are high, and sticking with fundamentals and the process will help us. If you think about the next five seconds instead of the next 10 minutes, we will be in a good place come May.

are the team’s goals for this year? Is QWhat there a motto for the season?


On the back of our lifting shirts, our slogan is “build a boneyard.” It means making the little plays and doing the little things right. Whether it’s in practice, in film or in a game, when you do that, then you are putting a bone in the boneyard. Come gameday at the end of the week, if you have had good practice then that boneyard will be full, and we are going to play the want we want to play. Focus on details and the little things. That’s what separates teams come playoff time. We have the highest goal of becoming victorious on Memorial Day weekend, but we can’t look too far ahead. We know we have had success in the last few years, but it’s a new year, and we have a lot of crucial games coming up. Contact FREDERICK FRANK at .

Marrow donation: better than the lottery FOOTBALL FROM PAGE 12 has been if Ciotti had not been its organizer. Gennaro was the first of the three to donate, having discovered that he was a potential match in July 2012, just two weeks before starting his job at Yale. He donated in August during a full month of preseason practices, but said that he only missed one because of donation procedures. Wigmore and Rice were also in the middle of football season

when they found out last October that they could be matches. Within weeks, doctors confirmed to both of them that they were the best possible matches for their recipients. Wigmore’s doctor asked to do the procedure the day before the Harvard-Yale game, but he was able to push it back by a few more days, Wigmore said. Because their recipients were not ready to receive the stem cells as soon as doctors had planned, Wigmore and Rice were both able to do the procedure after the sea-

son was over. “[The nurses] do such a good job of making [the donation] accommodate folks’ schedules, really helping everyone out,” Wigmore said. “It was pretty impressive how well they run it.” Gennaro, Wigmore and Rice were not able to find or meet their recipients after the donations because the recipient can choose whether or not to get in contact, Wigmore said. Doctors could only tell them their recipients’ sex and age, which ranged between 40 and 74 years

old among the three. All three patients had leukemia. Though all three had been in the middle of their football seasons at the time, they stressed the ease of their procedures. They all donated by peripheral blood stem cells, which requires blood removal instead of direct marrow removal by surgery. “If you can give an extra day, an extra week, an extra month or year, or hopefully even more than that, to someone who’s sick and has a family, then I think it’s absolutely worth it,” Rice said.

“It’s painless on your part, just organizing when you’re going to go to all the appointments and scheduling the date.” Because of their experience with donating marrow, all three coaches serve on a marrow drive committee that helps organize the event alongside Ciotti. Gennaro has sent emails for the drive to the Yale student body, while Wigmore supervises the football players helping out with the drive. “Their participation has bolstered the drive,” Ciotti said of

the three coaches. “They have first hand experience to be tested, to be a perfect match and to actually save a life. Their passion has been passed on to the Yale football team.” This year, Ciotti and the rest of the football, women’s hockey and field hockey teams are attempting to get 1,000 people registered, which would be a record among schools in the “Get in the Game. Save a Life.” program. Contact GREG CAMERON at .






Sunny, with a high near 48. North wind 15 to 18 mph, with gusts as high as 32 mph.


High of 51, low of 32.

High of 53, low of 38.


ON CAMPUS WEDNESDAY, APRIL 16 5:30 p.m. Sketching in the Galleries. Enjoy the tradition of sketching from original works of art in the center’s collection and special exhibitions. Jaime Ursic, the center’s assistant curator of education, will offer insights on drawing techniques and observational skills. Drawing materials will be provided. Register in advance. Yale Center for British Art (1080 Chapel St.).

THURSDAY, APRIL 17 4:10 p.m. Admiral Gary Roughead on “Sea Power and National Security in the 21st Century: Why Navies Matter.” The Yale Law School is sponsoring a talk with the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Roughead. The admiral will be speaking on the challenges of the U.S. Navy. Sterling Law Buildings (127 Wall St.), Rm. 128.


6:00 p.m. “Africa is Not a Century: The Power of Media in the Development of the Continent in the 21st Century.” Poynter Fellow Lola Ogunnaike is the host of Arise Entertainment 360 and a “Today Show” contributor. Dinner will be served. Afro-American Cultural Center (211 Park St.), Art gallery. 8:00 p.m. Andrew Ford, Featured Guest Composer. A few pieces such as “War and Peace” (2004) and “On Winter’s Traces” (2009), will be played. Sprague Memorial Hall (470 College St.), Morse Recital Hall.

FRIDAY, APRIL 18 7:00 p.m. Good Friday Worship. The Luther House at Yale, Episocopal Church at Yale and University Church in Yale are celebrating Good Friday with a reading of the Passion according to St. John; Adoration of the Cross and traditional Good Friday prayer. Free to the general public. Dwight Hall (67 High St.), Chapel.


y SUBMIT YOUR EVENTS ONLINE To reach us: E-mail Advertisements 2-2424 (before 5 p.m.) 2-2400 (after 5 p.m.) Mailing address Yale Daily News P.O. Box 209007 New Haven, CT 06520

Questions or comments about the fairness or accuracy of stories should be directed to Editor in Chief Julia Zorthian at (203) 4322418. Bulletin Board is a free service provided to groups of the Yale community for events. Listings should be submitted online at submit. The Yale Daily News reserves the right to edit listings.

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Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle


CROSSWORD Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Lewis ACROSS 1 Monarchy 6 Many a class reunion tune 11 “Captain Phillips” actor Hanks 14 __ ink 15 Fishing spots 16 Title heartbreaker in a Three Dog Night song 17 *Tyke’s dinnertime perch 19 “I’m not a crook” monogram 20 Rogue 21 Plowing measure 23 Ad Council ad, briefly 25 *Unfair deception 28 Energetic 31 Obvious joy 32 “Spider-Man” trilogy director Sam 33 Feel sorry about 34 Quipster 37 *Insignificant amount 42 Weekend TV fare for nearly 40 yrs. 43 Reading after resetting 44 “Roots” hero __ Kinte 45 Scandinavian port 47 Comeback 48 *Numero uno 53 Used to be 54 Lover of Euridice, in a Monteverdi work 55 Decide not to ride 58 Cambridge sch. 59 Try, or a hint to the first words of the answers to starred clues 64 Rocks found in bars 65 Software buyers 66 Kevin of “Cry Freedom” 67 Audio receiver 68 Tag cry 69 Loosened DOWN 1 Cage component 2 Ambient music innovator 3 Worship 4 Brainy Simpson

Want to place a classified ad? CALL (203) 432-2424 OR E-MAIL BUSINESS@ YALEDAILYNEWS.COM


By Gareth Bain

5 Yoga class supply 6 Onetime rival of Sally Jessy 7 Stocking thread 8 Mark of concern 9 Roth __ 10 Collection of heir pieces? 11 Country singer Gibbs 12 Ancient Mexican tribe known for carved stone heads 13 Capital WSW of Moscow 18 “__ homo” 22 Style reportedly named for Ivy League oarsmen 23 Western chum 24 Lasting marks 26 Hot-and-cold fits 27 Working class Roman 29 Collapse inward 30 Sundial hour 33 Greek consonant 35 “Don’t tell me, don’t tell me!” 36 Neon swimmer 38 Court plea, briefly 39 Multi-cell creature?

Tuesday’s Puzzle Solved



3 4 5 2

8 3 7 5 1

3 7

8 (c)2014 Tribune Content Agency, LLC

40 Commonly fourstringed instrument 41 Bits of ankle art, say 46 Former Japanese military ruler 47 Horseradish, e.g. 48 Pal, slangily 49 Novelist Jong 50 “... happily ever __”



51 Oteri of 42Across 52 Lift 56 Knockoff 57 Land surrounded by agua 60 Prefix with metric 61 Doc who administers a PET scan? 62 United 63 English poet Hughes


6 8

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ARTS AND CULTURE Architecture students design New Haven homes BY PIERRE ORTLIEB STAFF REPORTER After returning from their spring breaks this year, firstyear students at the School of Architecture began designing houses in New Haven. The student designs are unfolding as part of the Jim Vlock Building Project, a competition that tasks students with envisioning and constructing a complete house in one of New Haven’s neighborhoods. The initiative was created in 1967 to give students hands-on experience and a glimpse of what the architecture profession is truly like. Now run by School of Architecture Professor Adam Hopfner ARC ’99, the portion of the curriculum is an “important part of the school,” said Dean of the School of Architecture Robert A.M. Stern ARC ’65. “This is an opportunity for the students to get an idea of the relationship between the professional work and the field work,” said Paul Brouard, who ran the project for 42 years before his recent retirement. This year’s construction, to be erected at 179 State St. in the West River neighborhood, is a small 800 square-foot, twofamily home. Its most notable feature will be its “replicability” — the hope is that the house’s minimalistic design will be reproduced throughout the neighborhood and New Haven more broadly, explained Katherine Stege ARC ’16, one of the group leaders in this year’s competition. The selection process began in late March, when each of the 54 students in their first year at the school presented an individual design in front of a panel of judges. Seven designs have been chosen to continue the competition on the basis of their originality and clarity, among other factors, said participant Jessica Fleur Angel ARC ’16. The students have now coalesced into seven groups, each consisting of seven or eight students, and have until April 24 to refine and finish their ideas. A panel of judges, comprised of potential clients, faculty and Dean Stern, will select the best design in late April, and the winning concept will be built during the summer by students and a group of specialized workers.


First-year students at the School of Architecture have been designing houses in New Haven as a part of the Jim Vlock Building Project. Brouard explained that the nature of the project has changed significantly over the years. Early iterations of the project were built not in New Haven, but in the Appalachians, West Virginia and other areas of Connecticut, where the students designed and constructed not houses but pavilions, med-

ical centers and city parks. The “evolutionary process,” Brouard said, moved the project to New Haven after the organization Habitat for Humanity became involved. The group suggested building houses in New Haven as a means of reaching out to the local community and allowing the students to produce more

complete architectural structures than just concert or theatre stages, as had been done in Bridgeport. “Historically, the projects had been criticized for not pushing the architecture far enough,” Stege said. In the current iteration of the project, Stege noted, partici-

pants are required to blend their original designs with an awareness of the context of the community where the house will be erected. She added that the students are collaborating with nonprofit clients contracted to help build the home. “By building a new house we might give a leg up to people

who might be encouraged to fix up their own houses,” Stern said. The house will be dedicated in late September in a ceremony attended by New Haven Mayor Toni Harp and University President Peter Salovey. Contact PIERRE ORTLIEB at .

Author discusses female empowerment BY EMMA PLATOFF STAFF REPORTER


Author Suzanne Palmieri stressed the importance of women developing inner confidence to succeed in the workplace.

On Tuesday afternoon, author Suzanne Palmieri advised women on how to break the metaphorical glass that limits them both personally and professionally. Palmieri — author of the novels “The Witch of Little Italy” and “The Witch of Belladonna Bay” and a professor of sociology at Albertus Magnus College — spoke to an all-female audience of approximately 30 as part of a speaker series organized by the Yale Working Women’s Network. Using her own life as an example, she discussed ways women can empower themselves in the workplace and beyond. She also read two passages from her novel, answered questions and signed books. Palmieri explained that the “slightly sexist, patriarchal” society we live in forces women to act as though they are fearless and hide their weaknesses, and emphasized that a woman can improve her situation only after accepting the fact that she plays a role in the limitations that beset her life. She said effective leadership and professional success must follow from inner strength and confidence, and encouraged women to use their powerful inner voices and do what fulfills them most. Women should find their own paths instead of following those set by others, she added. “None of the leaders and trailblazers we most respect did things the way they were supposed to do them,” she said. “Even [Robert Frost’s] ‘road less traveled’ still had

footprints, so give me a machete to hack down the rest of the forest.” The author used her personal life story to illustrate her point about female empowerment, explaining the ways in which her own struggles have informed her perspective. She told the audience that her books are a sort of “fictional autobiography,” and emphasized the importance of pursuing fulfilling work. Her favorite line of poetry, written by Mary Oliver, is the question “What is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life?,” she said.

None of the leaders and trailblazers we most respect did things the way they were supposed to do them. SUZANNE PALMIERI Author Jennifer Mendelsohn, the programming co-chair for the Yale Working Women’s Network, said she thinks Palmieri was inspirational and funny, adding that the audience never seemed bored during the talk. “Suzanne was fantastic, as expected,” said Jennifer Paskiewicz, the WWN’s other Programming Co-Chair. Palmieri co-authored the novels “I’ll Be Seeing You” and “Empire Girls” with Loretta Nyhan. Contact EMMA PLATOFF at .



“My house is my refuge, an emotional piece of architecture, not a cold place of convenience.” LUIS BARRAGAN MEXICAN ARCHITECT

“Stone and Sparrow” inspired by history, song BY DAVID KURKOVSKIY STAFF REPORTER “Stone and Sparrow,” a senior project in Theater Studies for Laurel Durning-Hammond ’14, is premiering on Thursday at the Whitney Humanities Center. The original student-written musical follows the life of a family that decides to move to a coal mining town right before the Great Depression, and it is being staged in conjunction with a Theater Studies seminar entirely devoted to the production of the project — a first for Yale’s Theater Studies department. As the show heads into its last week of rehearsal, the News sat down with Hammond to discuss her experience creating and working on the play. you tell me a little bit QCould more about the project’s conception?


Alex Ratner ’14 and I conceived the project at the beginning of junior year. He’s [doing the] music and I’m the book, although we developed the story together. It’s going up as a production seminar through the Shen Curriculum in Theater Studies. [Theater Studies lecturer] Annette Jolles, who is on the faculty, but does a lot of directing and development of new works in New York, is teaching the course and directing the piece. She’s been advising Alex and me throughout the whole writing process. CQ


Tell me about the course. Is it typical for a student-written work to be taught in a seminar?


Everyone in the cast is enrolled in the course, [which examines] the historical context of the piece. It takes place in 1929-1930 Kentucky. [The course] also examines the process of what it is to develop a new work and workshop it. To my understanding, this is the first time a student-written original work is involved in a production seminar directed by a faculty member. CQ

did you choose to write QWhy about this time period?


Our way in was that Alex and I both really love Appalachian folk music — the types of harmonies. The musical world was our way in first. Alex is an American Studies major; I love American history. We were both really drawn to that time period. We did a lot of reading of oral histories from people of that time and we found it very compelling.

QWhat is the play about?


Without giving too much away, it’s about this family that decides to make this big move from their family homestead to a coal mining town — going from totally self-sustaining agriculture to being part of this cash economy. Then the depression hits ... and then [it’s] bad. It also follows the different characters’ interpersonal relationships and particularly the main character Orlena’s development. Also, there’s a love triangle.

do audiences have to QWhat look forward to?


One thing that I think is so amazing about the Yale theater scene is the amount of new work happening. There are so many musicals this semester, which is amazing. Within that track, this is a brand new piece of theater with a seven-person cast. The sets are really exciting, the orchestra is really exciting — we’re all rearing to go. One thing I love about the theater scene is how we’re encouraged to have agency and make projects happen and so the opportunity to work on and develop this show with Alex and Annette and this whole crew of really smart actors, and then to get to be in it also and work with Annette as a director, has been mind-blowing.

do you think presentQHow day audiences will relate to the time period of the play?


As in most theater pieces that take place in a certain time period, the time period is extremely important. I think most musical theater at the end of the day is about relationships within interesting contexts. This story is definitely about what happened to these people in Appalachia, it’s definitely about the injustices that happened. But it’s also very much about what it’s like to be growing up and trying to deal with negotiating pressures from your family versus what you want to do, and making a mess of things as far as being in love, and figuring out who you are and what you want to do. It happens in this context, and it’s informed by [it]. Contact DAVID KURKOVSKIY at .


The production of “Stone and Sparrow,” the senior project of Laurel Durning-Hammond ’14, is being taught as a seminar.

‘Play in a Day’ festival draws diverse crowd BY ERIC XIAO STAFF REPORTER This past weekend, a group of actors, directors and playwrights gathered to create, rehearse and perform a piece of theater — all within 24 hours. Nine students participated in the Yale Drama Coalition’s fifth ‘Play in a Day’ festival, which began last Friday night and culminated in a performance on Saturday night in the Jonathan Edwards Theater. Two one-act plays — “Half-Baked” by Maxine Dillon ’17 and “A Two-Person Monologue” by YDC President Nikki Teran ’14 — were written during the first 12 hours of the event. The directors and actors spent the remainder of the time rehearsing the scripts. YDC Vice President Skyler Ross ’16 said the festival’s time constraints separate it from the

vast majority of theater productions on campus, adding that the event has historically attracted many students who are new to the undergraduate theater scene. “The festival really runs the gamut from least experienced to most experienced members of the theater community,” Ross said. “We draw a lot of underclassmen who want to try something new.” Eliza Robertson ’17, the YDC special events coordinator and the festival’s organizer, said the event tends to attract students who may not otherwise become involved with theater at Yale. Filipa Moraes, a post-doctoral researcher at the Yale School of Medicine who acted in “HalfBaked,” said she had never participated in any Yale theater production before performing in the festival. She added that

she thinks that while most of the other participants have taken part in past theater productions, few have extensive experience with Yale’s theater scene.

The festival really runs the gamut from least experienced to most experienced members of the theater community. SKYLER ROSS ’16 Vice president, Yale Drama Coalition Ross said that over the past several semesters, the festival has seen an increase in participation from members of Yale’s graduate and profes-

sional schools, which is a relatively rare occurrence in undergraduate theater productions. Moraes explained that shortterm events such as the festival appeal to graduate students and postdoctoral researchers, who are oftentimes unable to commit large amounts of time to activities unrelated to their field of study. Dillon, who participated in last semester’s ‘Play in a Day’ festival but has not been involved in other theater productions on campus, said she thinks the festival is particularly appealing to less experienced members of the theater community because of its low time commitment. She explained that students who are unsure of whether they truly wish to participate in the theater scene may feel intimidated by the heavy time commitment required of working on standard

productions. The festival allows students to gain a general sense of the theater community without having to make such a large commitment, she noted. “There are many students who might not want to be a part of this show that is going to take over their lives for a couple of months, but who may have a free afternoon,” Robertson said. Anna Qin ’17, a cast member in “A Two-Person Monologue,” said she believes undergraduate theater productions can also be highly competitive for actors, which may discourage less experienced performers from auditioning. The festival has no audition process, she noted. The event’s rules state that each participant must select their desired role — actor, director or playwright — during the sign-up process. Dillon explained that at the start

of the festival, each playwright is assigned a group of actors, a director and a prompt that the writer then uses as a basis for the play. She said that after she was given a cast of two actors, she chose to center her play on the damaged relationship between a mother and her daughter after the mother’s husband dies, an experience that leads the mother to begin dealing drugs and the daughter to begin working as a pole dancer. Dillon added that her approach to playwriting for the festival focused on the two actors she was assigned — Moraes and Levi Gray ’16 — as she tried to create characters that seemed appropriate for the actors to play. The last 24-Hour Theater Festival was held on Nov. 9, 2013. Contact ERIC XIAO at .


MLB Miami 11 Washington 2

MLB Texas 5 Seattle

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GAME POSTPONED BASEBALL Yesterday’s scheduled game against Sacred Heart was postponed due to weather and will be played today at 3:30. The Bulldogs will look to rebound after going 1–3 against Dartmouth this past weekend.

CHRIS LANHAM ’16 BASEBALL Lanham, a sophomore from Houston, Texas, earned two honors this week: the Ivy League Co-Pitcher of the Week award and the College Sports Madness Ivy League Player of the Week award.

NBA New York 109 New Jersey 98

EPL Arsenal 3 West Ham 1


“We are very proud to have defended the Ivy League championship title for the third year in a row.” CHRIS SEGERBLOM ’14 SAILING YALE DAILY NEWS · WEDNESDAY, APRIL 16, 2014 ·

Coed wins Ivy League SAILING

Three Yale coaches defy odds to donate marrow BY GREG CAMERON STAFF REPORTER


The coed sailing team captured the de facto Ivy League title this weekend. BY ERICA PANDEY CONTRIBUTING REPORTER This weekend, the Yale coed sailing team won the Owen, Mosbacher and Knapp trophies at home, while the women’s team competed for the President’s Trophy on the Charles River. The No. 2 coed team beat out 17 schools for the Owen Trophy, the seven Ivy League schools for the Mosbacher

trophy and rivals Harvard and Princeton for the Knapp. The No. 1 women’s team placed seventh out of 11 schools at the President’s regatta hosted by Boston University. “We are very proud to have defended the Ivy League championship title for the third year in a row,” said coed captain Chris Segerblom ’14. “A big shout out to [Graham Landy ’15] and [Katherine Gaumond ’15] who lit it up in A division.”

Landy skippered the Yale boat that competed in the A division with Gaumond as his crew. The pair won 10 of their 14 races over the weekend. Segerblom sailed in the B division as the skipper with crew Charlotte Belling ’16. Overall, the Bulldogs won 13 of the weekend’s 28 races. According to Landy, the Eli men and women were able to achieve their wide

Lacrosse excels with Quinn BY FREDERICK FRANK STAFF REPORTER The No. 13 men’s lacrosse team (7–3, 3–2 Ivy) has been red hot recently, winning three straight games, including last Friday’s 7-6 overtime win against Brown. Through nine games,defenseman Michael Quinn ’16 is third on the team in groundballs (23) and leads the team in caused-turnovers (15) after moving from long-stick midfield in his freshman campaign. The Bulldog defense, despite losing two key seniors

from last year’s record-breaking campaign, has again shown its teeth with a staunch 8.1 goals against average, good for ninth best in the nation. With two thirds of the Elis’ season played, the News sat down with Quinn to discuss how the year has gone, the team’s character and the Elis’ overall goals. has the team developed QHow as the season has gone on?


I think that we have definitely been getting better as the season has gone on.

That’s something that really leads to our success. Last year as an example, we tried to get better every year and by the end of the season you have a product that is pretty good. It is a process to break things down to fundaments and to keep getting better. When you add all the little things up, you keep winning games, and your season won’t end until the end of May.


Once a potential donor enters the bone marrow registry, the chances of that person being an exact match for a person in need and donating are about 1 in 540, according to the website of the Be The Match organization. A bit of math: What are the chances of not one, but three people living in the same house being chosen as matches? One in over 157 million — slightly better than your chances of winning the Powerball lottery. Over the past two years, three members of the Yale football coaching staff have hit a lottery of sorts, as each has saved a life by donating marrow. Assistant Coach of Football Operations Chris Gennaro, Outside Linebacker Coach Paul Rice ’10 and defensive intern Zach Wigmore, who live together in a New Haven house, have each donated peripheral blood stem cells during their time at Yale to patients they did not know. Rice and Wigmore’s donations in New York City were within a month of each other at the end of last year. “When Zach [Wigmore] and I heard that we were possible matches at the same time, it was pretty unique,” Rice said. “I told the nurse that the three of us live together, and she remembered Zach. They all thought it was pretty cool.” The three housemates’ fortune exemplifies the success of the Yale community as a whole

in donating to those in need. The Mandi Schwartz ’10 Marrow Donor Registration Drive, kicking off for the sixth time tomorrow, has found at least 23 life-saving matches out of the approximately 3,800 people it has registered. But that count does not include Gennaro and Wigmore, who did not enter the registry at Yale. Gennaro, a former University of Maine kicker and punter, signed up for the cheek-swab procedure in a similar drive at his school, and Wigmore joined with a few brothers from his fraternity at the University of Michigan. “I was on my way to lunch at the Student Union, and they were having a marrow drive, so we [signed up],” Wigmore said. “It was more luck of the draw than anything else.” Rice was a junior defensive back and linebacker at Yale during the 2008–’09 season, the year that Schwartz first learned that she had leukemia and did not have a match. He participated in the first registration drive that year when assistant head coach Larry Ciotti introduced the idea of the drive to Yale. “Coach Ciotti did a great job educating everyone about what it was, why we were doing it and how easy donating marrow had become,” said Rice, who would go on to captain the Yale team in the fall of 2009. Gennaro added that the drive would not be as successful as it SEE FOOTBALL PAGE 8

Baldwin enjoying stellar season

has it been like for you QWhat dealing with a lot of preSEE MEN’S LACROSSE PAGE 8


Catcher Robert Baldwin (no. 34) is second on the team in batting with a .322 average. BY GRANT BRONSDON STAFF REPORTER Yale has produced some fine catchers in the last few years. Former captain Ryan Brenner ’12 started 20 games his freshman year and fast became a fixture in the starting lineup. After Brenner graduated, last year’s captain Chris Piwinski ’13 took the reins and earned first team All-Ivy honors.


Defender Michael Quinn (no. 44) leads the Bulldogs in caused turnovers with 15.


Into that tradition steps the Bulldogs’ newest backstop, Robert Baldwin ’15. And so far, the Austin, Texas native has excelled, hitting

.322 on the season and tying for second on the team with 14 RBI. “He’s been incredible for us,” captain Cale Hanson ’14 said. “We lost a really great defensive catcher last year in Piwinski, and we were kind of worried about the catcher position. Bobby won the spot outright in February. We put him back there. There were still lots of questions [about how he would perform]…and he has proven everyone wrong in terms of what he’s capable of.” Baldwin was recruited out of Westlake High School, the alma mater of current NFL quarterbacks Nick Foles and Drew Brees. While there, SEE BASEBALL PAGE 8

RUNS ALLOWED BY YALE PITCHER CHRIS LANHAM ’16 IN THE BULLDOGS’ 6–0 VICTORY OVER DARTMOUTH ON SUNDAY. Lanham allowed just four hits and struck out four on the afternoon.

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