Nevada Rancher Magazine October 2019

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Oldest Independent Livestock Monthly in Nevada

Dedicated to: Women in Agriculture October, 2019 10

$2.00


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CattLeMen’s FaLL speCiaL FeedeR saLes wednesdays at 12 p.M. October 2 • October 23 November 6 • November 20 December 4 • December 18

CLM RepResentatives Jake Parnell ............................... 916-662-1298 George Gookin ........................209-482-1648 Rex Whittle............................... 209-996-6994 Mark Fischer .............................209-768-6522 Kris Gudel ..................................916-208-7258 Steve Bianchi .......................... 707-484-3903 Joe Gates ...................................707-694-3063 Jason Dailey ..............................916-439-7761

wednesday saLe sCHedULe Butcher Cows ........................................ 8:30 a.m. Cow-Calf Pairs/Bred Cows .......... 11:30 a.m. Feeder Cattle ............................................. 12 p.m.

aUCtion MaRket Address .....12495 Stockton Blvd., Galt, CA Office.............................................209-745-1515 Fax ................................................. 209-745-1582 Website/Market Report ...www.clmgalt.com Web Broadcast ...........www.lmaauctions.com

Call to Consign to UPCoMing Western video Market sales October 24 •NEVADA December 4 • January 3 2   THE RANCHER – SEPTEMBER 2019

No Sales the Week of Thanksgiving or Christmas

CLM annUaL BRed Cow and RepLaCeMent FeMaLe saLe Friday, November 1, 2 p.m.

Featuring Females from Reputable California Ranches, followed by the CLM Annual Social

paRneLL’s 51st CentRaL CaLiFoRnia ‘woRLd oF BULLs’ saLe Saturday, November 2, 12 p.m.

Featuring Top Bulls from throughout California and the West

Angus • SimAngus • Hereford • Red Angus • Charolais

Parnell’s

Central California

51st annual

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Read back issues digitally: https://issuu.com/winnemuccapublishing7 The Nevada Rancher (ISSN 0047-9489) (USPS #003-257) Published monthly at Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445 Call us toll free at (866) 644-5011 Periodical Postage Paid at Winnemucca, 89445

Publisher, Peter Bernhard Editor and Design, Ashley Buckingham Staff Writer, Jennifer Whiteley Contributors, Heather Smith Thomas, David Glaser, Norma Elliot, Sarah Hummel, and Jolyn Young. Sales Representative Ashley Buckingham Office Manager, Tracy Wadley Production Manager, Joe Plummer Advertising Designer, Emily Swindle The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for statements by advertisers

Autumn is finally here. This is my favorite season of all. I enjoy seeing the beautiful colors throughout the valleys. The month of October is going to be busy! The NV Rancher 2020 Calendar will be finalized. Travels this month will include the Brannaman Pro-Am Vaquero Roping in Santa Ynez, CA and the Western States Ranch Rodeo Association Finals in Photo by: Rocking Lazy A Photography BobiRose competed in the McDermitt Cosutme Contest and Jr. Rodeo/ Winnemucca, NV. Playday. She placed 2nd for her age group. We are very thankful for I pray that your Fall processing “Neal”, her patient “sea” horse. goes smoothly, your feed suppleI hope you enjoy this issue. ments do their job, and that when faced with -Ashley challenges you choose to always be kind.

Inside This Issue: Cover Photo By: Nicole Poyo Photography Desi Dotson gives BobiRose Buckingham roping lessons.

Tribute to Harold Chapin- pg 10 Meet Saddle Maker, Nancy Martiny - pg 12 Interview with Tyann Kern- pg 14 Proud Flesh in Horses- pg 26 Liver Flukes in Cattle - pg 26 Tri-County Fair Jr. Livestock Sale Resultspg 39 ........and more!

nor products advertised within, and The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for opinions expressed in articles submitted for publication. The publisher reserves the right to accept or reject advertising or editorial material submitted for publication. Contents in The Nevada Rancher may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including, but not limited to original contents and original composition of all ads (layout and artwork) without prior written permission. Subscription rate: $16.00 per year.

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Photo by: Nicole Poyo: Kaylee Filippini stopping her horse Carico Blue Boon in the Women’s class. Results from the Elko Fair Stock Horse Show can be found on pg. 35


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Interested in having your item featured as part of our Ranch Journal? Contact Ashley Buckingham at (775) 304-8814

Sweater Weather is Here!

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Hello from Cow Country By Sam Mori President, NV Cattlemen’s Assoc.

There have been several instances that have occurred recently that have negatively affected permittees. Some of the stumbling blocks have been the result of the federal agencies not following procedure and those can be fixed by correcting those mistakes. The bigger challenge is after the technicalities are corrected, there is talk of modifications to permits. Rest assured the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association stands ready to see what this is going to look like and is prepared to represent good, sound science-based rangeland management that does not unnecessarily harm our businesses and livelihoods. There are several water issues that we are monitoring and are consistently taking the stance that it is of upmost importance to not change Nevada water law. We are going to dedicate time at the Convention in Elko on November 20-23 to discuss the latest information on this subject. We are engaged with industry leaders nation-wide as how to improve and influence subjects that include fake meat, trade, and the imbalance that is occurring in the cattle market. None of these issues have easy solutions but we are committed to working diligently toward a more improved atmosphere than we are in today. In closing, I want to invite all of you to the Nevada Cattlemen’s Convention in Elko, NV November 20-23, 2019. There will be an opportunity to engage and influence the future of our industry on all levels. Thank you so much for your support as we work on the things that are important to all of us. Till next time, Sam Mori

Nevada Cattlemen’s Association Seeking 2019 “Teacher of the Year” Nominations The Nevada Cattlemen’s Association has started their annual quest for “Teacher of the Year” candidates and are asking for your help in soliciting nominations. The nominations must be an elementary, junior high, or high school teacher who incorporates agriculture into their regular curriculum, current Agricultural Education teachers are not eligible. For example, a teacher who teaches a one week segment on agriculture and its importance to Nevada. Nominees may also include teachers considered in previous years but were not selected for the award. Nominations must include a completed NCA Teacher of the Year Application Form and an attached outline of the nominee’s curriculum that has integrated a unit about agriculture. The winner of this award will receive a $1000 school supply stipend, donated by Nevada Agriculture Foundation. The award recipient will also be recognized during the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association’s annual awards banquet on November 22nd, 2019 in Elko, NV at the Elko Convention Center. Anyone may submit a nomination form which is available at www.nevadacattlemen.org, for any questions please contact the NCA office at 775-7389214. Nominations may be submitted by email to nca@nevadabeef.org with “2019 Teacher of the Year Nomination” in the subject line; forms may be faxed to 775-738-5208; or sent by mail to, “Teacher of the Year Nomination”, C/O Nevada Cattlemen’s Association, P.O. Box 310, Elko, NV 89803. Nevada Cattlemen’s Association believes that the future of our industry lies in the education of the generations to come, as we explore new and innovative methods of sustainability. Please help us in our efforts to recognize and support our teachers and their vital efforts in educating our youth. Thank you in advance for nominating a deserving teacher!

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THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019 7


Hope Walker Munson Hope Walker Munson, loving mom, gram, grandma, Hopie and sister passed away September 15th at the age of 84. Hope was born September 25th 1934 in Ely Nevada to Eldon Walker and Ellen Pressey (Pressy) Walker.

She is also survived by her precious great grandchildren Breelynn Brazeal, Brodie Brazeal, Neka Beeson, Reya Beeson, Keina Munson, Bronc Brazeal, Molly Brazeal and numerous nieces and nephews. A get together to celebrate Hope’s life will be held at a later date.

Hope grew up in a time when families played musical instruments and sang to entertain themselves. She continued to play a guitar until her fingers could no longer pluck the strings and had a beautiful voice. She worked for Vogue laundry after leaving home when she met the man she would marry and spend the next 50 years with. Her married life was spent following Dad around the country cooking for whatever ranch, wagon or cow camp they happened to be at. The Quarter Circle A Ranch, Matador Cattle Co., T Lazy S Ranch, Ellison Ranching Co, the Gamble Ranch, the ZX in Oregon from the bombing range in central Nevada to Oregon, including their own outfit on the Duckwater Reservation for a few years. Mom’s biscuits and pies are legendary. In her later years she loved to go pinenut hunting, spending time with her grandchildren and gr-grandchildren and making sure we were not messing up her recipes. She also enjoyed her Sunday phone calls with her sisters. Hope is preceded in death by her parents, husband Warren Darrell Munson and daughter Leslie Munson. Brother Cliff Walker, sisters Patricia Colleen Thornal, Betty Arquero and Joanna Pearson. She is survived by brothers Eldon (Delores) Walker Jr, Richard (Bernie) Walker, sisters Wanda (Eddie) Chapin of Wells NV and Cathy Hardy of Golconda NV. Sister-In-Law Betty (Tom) Roberts of Spring Creek NV. Daughter Billie (Dick) Brazeal of Carlin NV and son Dorsey (Wanda) Munson of Elko NV. Grandchildren Cody (Melissa) Brazeal, Hoot (Linsey) Brazeal, Shoti Brazeal (Matt Carbury), Yancie (Nick) Beeson, Shay Bree (Bryan) Thieme, Angela Munson and Terry (Jess) Munson.

Donald C. Woolery Donald C. Woolery, age 87, formerly of Springfield, Oregon, passed away Saturday, September 14, 2019, in Portland, Oregon. Born in Chico, California, on May 22, 1932, he graduated from Chico High School in 1950. He worked as a buckaroo and broke horses for the Petan Company in Nevada, as well as competing in rodeos for several years until marrying Shirley Rizzi of the Rizzi Ranch in Mountain City, Nevada, in 1955. They resided in Elko, Nevada, where their three children were born. He worked for Slim Olson Gas Company and part-time for the Nevada Reform School until 1963 when they moved to Springfield, Oregon. He and his wife owned the Arctic Circle Drive-In for 15 years in Springfield, where he was an active member of the Lions Club and an Elks Life member. After selling the Arctic Circle, Donald worked as a Supervisor of Sanitation for Williams Bakery in Eugene for 18 years until he retired in 1996. He enjoyed working with horses and helping his brother-in-law on his ranch in Mountain City, Nevada. Donald also loved fishing and camping (often with his grandchildren) and traveling the West during retirement with his wife before his Parkinson’s inhibited his mobility. Donald was a beloved husband, father, grandfather, great grandfather, community volunteer and friend. He is survived by his wife of 64 years, Shirley R; 3 children, Ruth Newberry (Fred); Linda Woolery, Glenn (Wendy) Woolery, 5 grandchildren, Darren (Elizabeth) & Laurel Newberry, Kayla, Andrew (Lena) & Channel Coontz, and 7 great grandchildren, Karter, Claire, Kordell, Nathaniel, Cohan, Scarlett, Koda; and numerous nieces, nephews and friends. The family is planning a Celebration of Life this summer. If desired, please make memorial contribution to The Michael J. Fox Foundation, P.O. Box 5014, Hagerstown, MD 21741-5014.


Daniel Arthur Van Den Berg Daniel Arthur Van Den Berg (known as Wampa by many) died on Aug. 3, 2018, with family by his side in Lake District Hospital in Lakeview, Ore. Dan was born in Crawford, Colo., to John and Ada (Campbell) Van Den Berg on Aug. 22, 1939. At the age of 15, he ran away from Colorado and hitchhiked with a friend all the way to Oregon. He had a dream to work on the MC ranch in Lake County, Ore. He was able to fulfill that dream and worked as a hay boss on the MC Ranch. Dan met a local Lakeview girl and quickly fell in love. He married Rhea J. Garrett on June 10, 1958. They had three children, Victoria, Pamela and Kevin. Dan held many jobs during his life. He was the manager of the Lakeview Safeway. He was the owner and manager of the local Sears store and the Yogurt Station (currently the Burger Queen). He also started the Van Den Berg Painting business that he maintained for

over 30 years. He was a creature of habit. He had daily rituals that he seldom altered from. His family and friends knew where to find him at 4. The waitresses at Jerry’s were always ready with his very hot coffee/ water mixture. Dan loved spending time in his wood shop making crafts. He also enjoyed golfing, going to the theaters, and keeping tabs on the stock market. He spent countless hours reading, especially the Bible. He loved his family was proud of all of his grandchildren. Survivors include his daughters, Vickie (Harvey) Childress of Bend, Ore., Pam (Lee) Cody of Hood River, Ore.; son, Kevin Van Den Berg of Lakeview; and grandchildren, Jessica Childress of Lakeview, Garrett (Carly) Childress of Coburg, Ore., Kylie (Shawn) Draper of Salem, Ore., Katlin Cody of Hood River, Makenzie (Carter) Briscoe of Longview, Wash., and Levi Van Den Berg of Sublimity, Ore. He was also blessed with two great-grandchildren, Brooks and Gracelyn Childress. Among his other survivors are his brothers, Ed (Jill) Van Den Berg of Hotchkiss, Colo., Gary (Cathy) Van Den Berg of Spokane Valley, Wash., and John (Sandy) Van Den Berg of Cedar Edge, Colo.; sister, Nancy Selby of Delta, Colo.; sisters-in-law, Mickey (Carroll) Moulton of Klamath Falls and Barbara (Hank) Albertson of Lakeview; and numerous nephews, nieces and cousins. Dan was ready to join his wife, Rhea, in heaven along with his parents and many special friends and family members. A special thank you to Dr. Gallagher and the wonderful staff at Lake District Hospital.

Jess Nachiondo

Jess Nachiondo was born September 26th, 1926 in Ea Spain to Jose Nicasio Nachiondo and Francesca Zabala. Jess had one older brother, Joseph Martin Nachiondo. Jess immigrated to the United States as a young boy in 1936 with his mother. Jess’ father and older brother were already in Northern Nevada. Jess and his mother literally walked into Southern France from Spain, and were lucky enough to have a relative who secured positions aboard the Ile De France cruise ship. They sailed into the New York Harbor, arriving at Ellis Island, New York. From there Jess and his mother took a cross country train ride to Winnemucca, Nevada which became Jess’ lifelong home. Jess started grade school speaking only the Spanish and Basque languages, and quickly learned to speak English. During summer breaks from school Jess worked in the Basque sheep camps at the Nevada-Oregon border region. At a young age he learned how to work hard and save money for the future. Jess shared many stories of the sheep camp days, and he loved being in the outdoors close to nature. Jess’ father died shortly after Jess arrived in the United States and he and his brother became the men of the house. At the age of 18 years Jess went to Salt Lake City, Utah to study automotive mechanics. While in school he stayed at the Landa Guest House, and met many other Basque men and women who called this boarding house ‘home’. Jess went on a blind date with Eleanor Domingo in the Fall of 1948. Jess and Eleanor fell in love and were married six months after that fateful blind date. They were happily married for 59 years until Eleanor passed away in 2009. After his auto mechanics training was completed, Jess and his bride moved back to Winnemucca, Nevada. The two started their new life and Jess worked at the auto shop of Judge Browns Auto and Dealership in Winnemucca. He and Eleanor subsequently had several businesses including Nachiondo Motors and Nachiondo Motors II. The original Nachiondo Motors is where the Model T now sits. Jess was a well known and respected contributor to the commerce in Winnemucca. He had a tow business, repaired cars as well as sold cars to many residents in Winnemucca. He was known as a helpful and fair businessmen. Jess and Eleanor made a great team, complimenting each others skills as business owners and also as parents. Jess and Eleanor had five children. Jess was very proud of his children. He taught them to enjoy the outdoors through the countless fishing, hunting, camping and boating excursions. Jess encouraged a good strong work ethic in his children. He also encouraged them to save for the future and to be self sufficient, as this was engrained in Jess as an immigrant to America as a boy.

Jess also enjoyed prospecting with his buddy Irvin Sweeney. They had many adventures, resulting in many mining claims in the Northern Nevada region. Jess and Irvin were ‘rock hounds’ who even had success in selling some of their mining claims. Jess enjoyed being out in the Nevada country very much. Jess took his wife and children on many camping and fishing vacations, including trips to the Steen Mountain Range, Trout Creek, Onion Reservoir and countless other places he had explored as a young man. Jess shared stories of the sheep camp days in many of these locations. Jess visited his homeland in Spain one time, a very memorable trip considering how he and his mother had fled as a young boy. Jess was an active member of the Euskaldunak Danak Bat, Winnemuca Basque Club. He was also a member of the St Paul’s Catholic Church Knights of Columbus. Jess loved chatting with people and had many many friends. Jess is preceded in death by his parents, Jose Nachiondo and Francesca Zabala, brother Joe Nachiondo, wife Eleanor Nachiondo, daughter Evelyn Nachiondo, son Jess Mark Nachiondo, and daughter-in-law Jamie Jo Nachiondo. Jess is survived by his sons John (Lisa) of Elko, Jose (Spring) of Winnemucca, and James (William) of Reno, as well as countless grand children, great grandchildren, nieces and friends. Jess’ story is a beautiful example of the American Dream come true. He loved Nevada and he loved this country. Jess was forever grateful for the opportunities afforded him during his lifetime. He was a devout Catholic and he believed in treating others with love and respect. Jess passed away in Reno, Nevada Sunday August 4, 2019 while living his final years at Summit Estates. With their care and the care of Summit View Hospice and Right At Home his days were happy, comfortable and cherished. The family is very grateful to each organization and the staff members within. Your kindness towards Jess was very appreciated. There will be a Catholic Mass on October 26th at 11:00 a.m, St Paul’s Catholic Church in Winnemucca. A celebration of life luncheon will follow at the Winnemucca Convention Center. In lieu of flowers please consider making a donation to the Alzheimer’s Association.


n i p a h C d l o r a H o t e t u b i r T A Photos kindly submitted by: Nancy Harper , Sherri Johnson, and Leah Mori

A collection of memories shared by Harold Chapin’s friends. He was a true buckaroo whose influence on many lives will not be forgotten.

Harold was always so soft spoken with such a kind and considerate manner. Every time I would take the day off of work he would see my car home and come to check on me. Then when he discovered I had just taken a day off, he would say, “Does Obama know?” He loved the kids. He was always interested in how they did at every type of competition they were entered in. If the kids didn’t go give him the report afterwards he would call to find out. Whenever we would leave to go somewhere, we would ask him if he needed anything. His answer was always, “Yeah, a sack full of money. “ So Natalie made him a little sack and filled it with monopoly money, she labeled it “Harold’s Money Sack” When she gave it to him, boy did he smile that Copenhagen smile. His sack full of money is still on the frig today. In the 12 years that we have been neighbors, Harold and Rita have came over every Christmas morning, every Easter morning and never missed a Birthday party. Harold would even sing. - Leah Mori

Harold had a way of appearing in the barn or corrals unexpectedly while I was working with a horse or shoeing one. I would look up and there he would be, I never knew how long he had been there watching. And he would never say if it had been 5 minutes or 15. I would tease him about being an Indian instead of an Irishman. He was always there and a great resource when I need him and I respected his advice. - Matt Mori

When Frankie wanted to show in the kids class I asked Herald to coach her. Her old horse was cheating her on her spins. I was getting worried about it and asked what we should do. He kinda hemmed and hawed like he would do , and finally cleared his throat and said the best thing you can do is leave your making her more nervous than the horse show. A few years later Frankie won the 13-16 stock horse class in Elko first thing she did was when she got home was show Herald her buckle. Any time spent with him was priceless, it was a honor to call Herald my friend. - Luke Baumeister

It was one of those frigid, but almost blindingly sunny January days in northern Nevada. My boyfriend, Tom, and I had taken a trip to Reno to pick up a piece of equipment, and somewhere along the way we decided it’d be a good idea to run off to the big city of Winnemucca and get hitched. So, naturally, Harold and Rita were the first people we called. We needed witnesses, and they were the only people we knew that lived within 50 miles of the courthouse. My grandparents’ best friends, they graciously dropped what they were doing and came straight into town. Sweet Rita brought me something old, something blue, and something borrowed. The ceremony was lovely, the judge added his own loving bit of flair, and Harold provided comic relief; asking, “is this legally binding?” as he signed the marriage certificate. Tom has always affectionately referred to Harold as, “his best man,” and I have to agree, he truly was one of the best men. - Sabrina Shaefer


“I first met Harold in 1951 when he was riding the rough string for WT Jenkins(Tom and John Marvel). He was always calm and laid back and could ride anything they had. I remember when he was in basic training at Fort Ord he would stay with Bill Dorrance occasionally. Harold was an exceptional hand, never pulling his horses hard and riding with lots of float in his reins. We were lifelong friends even won a team roping together! Harold was one of the very best Cowboys and Horsemen ever!” - Woodie Bell

Harold’s perfection with rawhide and his analyzing each move that a horse was expected to make in the process of achieving the riders goal, in spite of the imperfection of the rider, was a gift that no other person that I know has had. Harold quietly did things for us and with us that can not be replicated by anyone! - Steve Maher

There us no question of Harold’s gift for horsemanship and his artistic ability, but for me Harold Chapin is simply my forever friend: I will forever hear his humorous remarks, forever see his “I-am-aboutto-say something-wise face”, and forever be tearful anytime anyone calls me “Boss”. That is because he always made me smile: When I lost all my hair to Chemo: “Don’t worry. Yours will come back; I think I am going to stay bald.” When I called and kiddingly referred to him as “Mr. Chapin”: “Heavy on the Mr.”. Or when - being a perfectionist, he put up with Rita’s and my Basque ways. We just wanted to get it done, but he wanted it to be perfect. Thus it went with my “crooked” flowerbeds, planted by Rita and I, supervised by Harold with a head shake. But most probably I won’t forget him because there will never be anyone else like him.- Amorita Maher

Harold was a great influence on my life, always humble , kind an very generous. Harold an Rita both did so much for myself an my family never wanting anything in return. Some of my fondest memories of Harold include starting my first colt at his place with the help of him and my dad, and him coming to brand an wean calves up until the past few years. Harold had a special understanding of horses, whether they were nice or maybe not as good to get along with he could always explain things in a way I understood. Generally saying something like, “I’m the worlds worst at it but maybe you could try this”.... or occasionally “What are you doing wrong that caused that?”. I was always amazed by his collection of trophy saddles an buckles, but equally enjoyed hearing his stories about the ranches he worked at, the cowboys he worked with, and the good and bad horses they all rode. Harold was always a hero an role model to me, but most importantly was my friend. I will always cherish the time, knowledge, an gifts he chose to share with me. He’s greatly missed, but that sly smile and sense of humor, the short to the point phone calls, and the great visits over hot tea at he an Rita’s home will never be forgotten.- Tim Maher


r e k a M e l d d a S Meet the Nancy Martiny Words by: Mindy Hoggan Courtesty Photos

May, Id.--Today, I will share with you one of the most talented women I know. She is known by many people for many things; Saddle Maker, Wife, Friend, and Stock Contractor, just to name a few. Mother is how I know her. I am honored to give you a glimpse into the life that sculpted this Saddle Maker. Born on a ranch in central California nestled in the Altamont Hills, to Bill and Marie Brockman. Besides ranching, her father also worked at fire station. In his down time at the fire station, Bill did leather work. He had the opportunity to build a saddle for himself with help from the crew at Rowell’s Saddlery in Hayward. He made Nancy her 1st leather tooled belt. Nancy remarks “I always wanted to do leather work, and build myself a saddle, just like my Dad did.” Moving to Idaho when she was 5, the family set roots in the South Hills near Oakley on Buckhorn Ranch. The whole family worked together, taking on all the tasks of ranching life. Now age 15, the family had bought a place over at Kimberly, Idaho. One of their neighbors had polio. One good leg & one that was bad; he couldn’t walk very well but he could RIDE. He was in a plane crash that shattered his good leg. Nancy’s Dad offered to teach him leather work while he was healing up. Nancy convinced her Dad to teach her too. The flame was fueled from there. She made herself a belt and wore it to school. Soon all her friends wanted belts too. She was making belts for a local western store in town and had expanded to carving all kinds of leather goods like purses, wallets, and even a little home decor. College days were spent at CSI in Twin Falls. She majored in Agri Business and competed on the rodeo team in Goat Tying, Breakaway Roping, and Team Roping. Her leather career was flourishing, now employed by Vicker’s Saddlery and working her way through college.

): In addition to leatherworking, Nancy works on the family ranch with her husband.

The cantle of Nancy’s 2019 saddle for the Art of the Cowgirl silent auction. The saddle was auctioned off to raise money to pay for master artist fellowships for 2019.

12   THE NEVADA RANCHER – SEPTEMBER 2019


The next chapter in Nancy’s life would take her to Hamer, Idaho, raising a family and helping run a rodeo company. Her leather shop was set up in the basement, alongside the kid’s bedrooms. In1987, Nancy received two saddle trees made by Todd and Dale Harwood as a Christmas gift. In Dale’s spare time, he would help Nancy through the steps of building her first saddle. About a year later, armed with a notebook filled Dale’s teaching, she used the second tree to build a saddle for her kids. Orders from friends and family started the saddle making career.

Custom boot tops hand carved by Nancy.

A trip to Oklahoma City to attend a leather carving class, taught by Dale Harwood and Don King, as part of the Traditional Cowboy Arts Association annual show in 2002, opened up a new world of learning opportunity. A scholarship from the TCAA to a weeklong saddle making class with Dale Harwood became the second chance at higher education. Workshops with Cary Schwarz and Steve Mecham, as well as another trip to Oklahoma City, have continued the education. Nancy continues to study various resources to improve both her saddle making and leather carving skills. Today, Nancy has a successful home business based out of the family ranch in May, Idaho. Martiny Saddle Company is located in the high mountain deserts of the Pahsimeroi Valley near May, Idaho. Saddlemaker Nancy Martiny considers it a privilege to be able to build custom saddles from her home shop found on the Martiny family ranch, which has been raising beef cattle for more than 130 years. Nancy spends most of her time building custom saddles, as well as helping her husband Jim on the ranch. In 2018, Nancy was honored as the first Art of the Cowgirl Master Artist Saddle Maker. As part of the Master Artist Fellowship, “the fellowship provides an opportunity for western artists to work with masters– a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to learn or refine their passion with some of the most talented makers in the business. Whether it be a fine art, functional trade or horsemanship, these fellowships will enrich, empower and educate while honoring our western heritage. The fellowship seeks to remove obstacles such as funding and access for up and coming artists, without restriction of age or location.” (www.artofthecowgirl.com). Nancy explains “I responded to a request from my friend, Tammy Pate, to join her effort to create her dream event in which women craftsmen and horsewomen gathered to share their skills and mentor others. The process involved prospective students submitting applications to be selected as the recipient of a learning fellowship to their chosen trade. My student was a young ranch mom from Encampment, Wyoming. She spent eight days with me in my shop to learn the basics of building her first saddle. She went home with a completed saddle, and new skills to advance her own leather business. She will join me in Phoenix at the 2020 event to display her saddle and report on her fellowship. As the selected Master Saddle Maker for 2020, I will again be building a saddle for the auction to help fund the fellowships. and will be mentoring another chosen fellowship student. The event was a huge success, and a wonderful opportunity for craftsmen to meet and share their knowledge with each other and with the public, as well as help young craftsmen to continue the traditional western trades in the future.”

Full flower chinks made by Nancy.

You can follow Nancy’s beautiful work through her Facebook page Martiny Saddle Co.

At Left: A young Nancy (far right) with brother Jim, sister Carol, and their pet fawn.

THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019 13


Young rancher competes with home-raised livestock

Tyann Kern

Words By Jolyn Young Photos Courtesty of the Kern Family

PA R A D I S E VA L L E Y , N e v . – T ya n n K e r n i s o n ly 1 1 y e a r s o l d , b u t s h e a l r e a d y h a s h e r o w n h e r d o f c at t l e a n d f l o c k o f s h e e p . T h e y o u n g s e v e n t h - g e n e r at i o n r a n c h e r s u c c e s s f u l ly c o m p e t e s i n r e g i o n a l j ac k p o t s a n d fa i r s w i t h h e r h o m e - b r e d s h o w s t r i n g o f c at t l e a n d s h e e p . H e r e , R a n c h e r c o n t r i b u t o r J o ly n Y o u n g c a u g h t u p w i t h T ya n n t o l e a r n a l i t t l e m o r e a b o u t h e r e a r ly r a n c h i n g e n d e av o r s .

NR: How long have you been showing livestock? TK: 3 years NR: What type of livestock do you raise? TK: I have a small heard of about 20 Gelbvieh/Beefmaster cross mother cows that have helped me be able to start a small heard of registered Herefords to show. I also raise Hampshire cross sheep for club lambs that I show. NR: Why did you want to start raising your own herds? TK: I wanted to start raising my own cattle and sheep. NR: What is your favorite part of showing? TK: My favorite part about showing is meeting new people, having fun, and competing with my animals! NR: Can you tell me about your shows this summer and how your animals placed? TK: I have shown and competed all over Nevada in several jackpots including Lovelock, Gardnerville and Fallon. I also competed in the Yerington Fair and the Tri County Fair in Winnemucca this summer. I also competed in the Nevada Junior Livestock Show this spring. In total I have been showing about 10 different sheep this summer, 2 cows and a bull calf. I am really happy with how my animals have done this summer. I had a Reserve Champion ram lamb, two Reserve Champion ewe lambs, Reserve Champion Mar-

14   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019

ket Lamb, Grand Champion Cow Calf Pair, Grand Champion Showmanship with my lamb, and Reserve Champion Showmanship with my heifer. I still have state Expo for my breeding animals in October before we finish of this year’s show season. It has been a busy season but really fun. NR: What is the biggest show you have competed at? What was that experience like? TK: The biggest show I have competed in was Nevada Junior Livestock Show. There are animals and kids from all over Nevada and northern California. The animals that other competitors bring are really high quality and the kids that show are really good and dedicated! It’s hard competition but it’s a great learning experience and lots of fun! NR: What is your favorite part about raising livestock? TK: My favorite part of raising livestock is being able to be involved with the entire process. I make my own decisions about breeding, then I can be a part of lambing, and calving in the spring. I then have a say of what animals will work for show and raising for market. NR: Do your future career goals include livestock? TK: I definitely plan on continuing raising beef, and sheep in the future. I am a seventh generation rancher in Paradise Valley. My great-grandmother and grandmother raised sheep, and with my family also raising beef, I want to carry on the tradition.



e n i a D a e r d n A

A Life with Cattle and Horses Words by: Heather Smith Thomas Courtesty Photos Some women make a visible impact in their career and end up in the public spotlight. Others do their outstanding jobs quietly behind the scenes. Andrea Daine is one of a multitude of ranch women whose efforts are not publicized but are essential to the success and continuity of the operations they are an integral part of. She grew up on her family’s ranch near Baker, Idaho where she is still involved in all aspects of the day-to-day work--taking care of cattle, calving the cows, irrigating and haying in summer, feeding cattle in winter. She is a hands-on person who can operate a truck or tractor as well as she can start a green horse or pull a calf. As a small child, her favorite toy was a little plastic cow named Betsy. She and her older brother helped their parents from the time they were very young, going along with their dad in the feed truck, and “driving” while he fed the cows. Even before they were big enough to reach the pedals, they became proficient at standing on the seat and steering while Dad threw hay off the back. As soon as she could ride a horse, Andrea was going with her mom to ride range and check cattle, riding a dependable horse. At first her mom led the old mare from her own cow horse, until the kid was big enough to handle the “controls” herself. Soon Andrea was good help moving cattle, checking fences, gates and water troughs, riding

a young mare that she was training. She and her mom rode range nearly every day, making sure the cattle were in the right places and doing well—occasionally bringing one home to doctor for pinkeye or foot rot. Andrea knew every cow and calf by name as well as by number, in their herd of 180 cows. Cattle and horses were her passion. For many years the herd calved in January, primarily because the ranch depended on summer range pasture in the mountains. In that rugged country it wasn’t ideal to try to have cows calving/breeding on the range, so they calved in January and bred in April—at home, to their own bulls— before going out on the range in May.

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That was the only way to ensure a short breeding/calving season and to have every cow selectively bred to a bull chosen for her. The family raised their own bulls and had 5 or 6 different breeding groups each spring, keeping track of the genetics of every calf born. This was the best and fastest way to make genetic progress and avoid inbreeding, and create the best herd of commercial cows. They developed a herd of very fertile crossbred and composite cattle that could winter on native mountain pastures and meadow hay, breed in a 32-day breeding season, ambitiously climb the mountains during summer and raise big calves on that rugged rangeland. Calving in January meant keeping track of every calving cow when temperatures dropped below zero. Andrea was a great part of the team when night calving, putting cows into the barn when they went into labor, being there for every birth—which made it possible to save every calf if there was any kind of problem. In cold weather the goal was also to make sure every calf was up and nursing by the time it was an hour old. The cows were accustomed to calving in the barn, and relatively easy to handle. Andrea became very good at quietly helping a newborn calf onto a teat, if necessary, and the cows accepted her. She had a lot of patience for young timid heifers, and helped many of them suckle their first calves on a cold night. She also helped with the irrigating and haying while she was growing up—and learned how to bale hay at a young age. Her dad had an old stack-wagon to pick up the little bales, and Andrea sped up the process considerably by placing the bales in rows, making sure they were on their proper edge for picking up, and rolling/pulling them off the steepest sides of the meadows and out of the wetter areas (where the stack-wagon


might have a problem or get stuck). That girl and a hay hook could move more bales in a day than two grownups. After high school she went to college briefly, worked a few jobs elsewhere, and then came back to the ranch—where she and her husband Jim lived in a trailer house on the hillside above one of the hayfields. They both helped with the cattle, calving, etc. and Andrea’s first baby was born on a very cold January day in 1998, right in the middle of calving season. Her dad had to plow deep snow out of the driveway so Jim could drive her to town to the hospital for delivery of little Emily Daine. It wasn’t long before Andrea was back out with the cows, however, taking some of the night shift while other family members took care of that baby girl. The next couple summer little Emily often went with her mama in the tractors during haying, and slept at grandma’s house during calving season when her mom was taking the night shift out with the cows. Life is not without challenges, however, and on July 5, 2000, Andrea was severely burned while trying to help control an out-of-control range fire near a friend’s home, and nearly lost her life. She spent the rest of that summer in the Intermountain Burn ICU in Salt Lake City, Utah trying to survive. Family members took turns being there with her, while little Emily (age 2 ½) stayed home with grandma and helped do chores, and sometimes stayed a few hours with friends and neighbors when grandma and auntie had to ride and move cattle. Andrea’s will to live was stimulated by that little girl; she didn’t want to leave Emily without a mom. It was a long slow road to healing, however, with multiple skin grafts and months of physical therapy to recover enough strength to walk. Her goal was to have an active life again, though it was another year before she could ride her horse and help with the cattle. Gradually she regained her strength and abilities, though she still has some physical impairments from those burn injuries. She takes time out from ranch activities to help and inspire other burn survivors, and has been a huge encouragement to many of them and their families. Being severely burned was a life-changing detour and setback, but didn’t stop her from living life the way she wants to; the remaining impairments and pain issues haven’t dampened her unsinkable spirit. Today she is a single mom, living in a house on the ranch, with 3 teenagers in high school. She attends all their sports events and music performances (all three are very talented musically and are part of their high school music program). Emily is grown up and got married; currently she’s a new mom with a 6-month-old baby. Grandma Andrea takes time out now and then from her irrigating, haying, horse training and cattle moving to babysit that special boy when Emily is at work at a job in town. And if Andrea needs to finish an outdoor job, great-grandma and great-grandpa pitch in as alternate babysitters. This ranch is a family operation that’s held together with a great deal of team effort. Andrea, like many unsung heroines in the cattle business, is now the main “glue” that holds it together. Women are truly the backbone of American agriculture, and she is a great example of how capably the “cowgirls” of today can handle multiple tasks and challenges--and enjoy life in the process.

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Jessica Mesna A CattleWomen Series Produced by Ruby Uhart www.rubyuhart.com

My name is Jessica (Gibbs) Mesna, and I was born and raised in Nevada. I have lived on a cattle ranch in Northeastern Nevada, northwest of Wells, my entire life. My husband Wyatt, son Anton, and I help run our family ranch, the Gibbs Ranch. It has now been in the family for 103 years. Our son is the sixth generation on our ranch. My dad, grandma, and aunt also live here. We live 40 miles, most of which is dirt road, from the nearest town and over 100 miles from the nearest, what we consider a city( it has a Costco). Growing up we lived in two houses; one in Wells where we went to school and the other at the ranch. During the school year my two older siblings, our mom, and I lived in town. My dad would come in 2 to 3 times a week in the evenings, depending on what was going on at the ranch. On weekends we would all go home to the ranch. When I was home I usually followed my dad everywhere, because he got to do all the “fun” ranch stuff like feeding, riding horses, fixing equipment, irrigating, getting dirty, being creative, and just being outside. To me all that was way better than anything in the house. Mom worked alongside my dad as well, but she also did all the housekeeping that I did not enjoy so my dad was my excuse to get out of it. In high school when my sister and brother got in to sports our weekends filled up with games here and there and we didn’t get to the ranch as often as I would have liked. Then I got into high school and got busy with sports as well. I still loved the ranch, but was distracted by all the fun of sports, especially basketball. As a child my dream was to play basketball for a living and if I couldn’t do that, I wanted to work on the ranch. I played basketball through junior high and high school, then I was fortunate enough to make it to the next level and I played two years of college basketball at a junior college in Idaho (CSI). After those two years I was being recruited by numerous four year colleges, but chose to go to University of Wyoming. There I played for two years, then student coached for one year so that I could finish getting my Bachelor’s Degree in Agricultural Business. Then it happened…my dream came true, I had the opportunity to go play professional basketball for two years in Sweden. Believe it or not ranching and basketball have a lot in common. They both take a lot of hard work, dedication, and of course both are very enjoyable to me. My dad used to tell my coaches that the reason I could read where the players were going to move or pass the ball, came from watching cows my whole life. Yes, cows can be teachers too. Two years professionally was all I played, because I met and fell in love with Wyatt. When we married we decided to move to Twin Falls, ID. This is where I became an assistant coach for women’s college basketball, the same place I played my first two years of college ball (CSI). We lived there for two years and had our first and only child. The day my husband told me he wanted the three of us to go live on my family ranch was one of my favorite days. I always wanted to come back to the ranch, but wanted to make sure Wyatt wanted that as well. So, thirteen years later we are still living and running my family ranch. Our ranch used to be a yearling operation, but has now become a cow/ calf ranching operation. We really enjoy the cow/calf operation partly because it is a lot less stressful than when we were running yearlings. My typical day

18   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019

changes based on the seasons and homeschooling our son. We usually have several of our nieces or nephews out to help for the summer, but this summer we only had one niece. In the mornings, I get up and move sprinklers on our one acre yard (we share a yard with my parents and grandparents house as well), I water my flowers that I try to keep alive and make sure the dogs and cats have water. I wake our son and niece up so they can start their day. On Monday, Wednesday, Friday, our mail gets delivered so I make sure I have the bills paid if there are any to be paid. During haying season I get my tractor greased, fueled and ready for the day. I usually pick up bales, but I will rake, swath, and bale hay if needed. Some days we hay in the morning and have to move cows in the afternoon. Then come evening time we all sit down and have dinner together. Maybe if needed and time allows I will do a load or two of laundry throughout the day. When school starts for my son, I have to change things around a bit to make sure his schooling gets done in a timely fashion. Of course there is always a few odds and ends the happen during the day as well. In the fall, my day usually starts out with coffee on the porch (or in house if it’s too chilly) with my husband, then some breakfast and get my son started on school. I try to do a few house or yard chores, while he works on school. Then in the afternoons when school is over, we help Wyatt on whatever project he has going on. Otherwise we, (Anton and I)ride to move cows closer to the fields for weaning time, unless of course, McKenzie and I have a pack out that day. If so, we leave pretty early in the morning so we can get back by the afternoon, hopefully to try and do a few things we need to get done. On the days I have a pack out, my son is on his own for school, which goes ok for the most part but usually ends up getting the rest done when I get back. Then of course, we have dinner together and watching some baseball to relax in the evenings. The most unexpected thing to happen on the ranch for me was the day my mom was killed in a car accident south of the ranch headed to Wells. Not only did I have to learn to live and get through every day without having my mom 50 yards away, but I had to learn to take on all of her responsibilities of book keeping for our family ranch. My mom and I had been talking for probably about 3-4 years that I need to learn how to do all the books for our ranch. Neither of us would make time to sit down and do that though. So when reality set in that it was in my hands now, I relied on a lot of help. Thankfully we have an accountant in the family that helped me a ton, and also our ranch accountant. Still three years later I am learning the ins and outs of everything that my mom did for our ranch. One of my favorite moments on the ranch was during a branding a few years ago. We always have a big branding with a lot of my family, I am talking 30-40 people, come out and we get a lot of branding done along with a lot of laughs, good food, and great times. One year after a long hot dusty day of branding we were riding back home and came across a pond. My brother decided he was hot and took his horse right in for a swim, clothes, hat, boots, saddle and all. Before long all 13 of us riders (mind you majority of us where over 30) were swimming our horses through the pond. The best part was all of us laughing and


“Don’t forget to take time and look around at the beauty of ranch life”. -JM giggling like we were a bunch of little kids. Dad was not very impressed we all went in with our saddles, but we had so much fun. I do have to say next time the saddles will come off!! How I prepare for complications: “WYATT HELP!!!!!” Oh wait… that would be after it already happens! To prepare for them, to be honest, I am a very easy going person so if something comes up to alter plans or stop tasks, my husband and I will go to plan B or C, there’s always something else that can be done or like my husband says,” let’s just have a beer!!” So we do and we take in the beauty that God has created and we get to live in together. Ahh yes ranch seasons; I love all the seasons to be honest. That is one of my favorite parts of ranching, the tasks are always changing, whether it be week to week, day to day, or hour to hour. You are never doing the same thing all the time and by the time you are tired of it you are switching gears. Calving season: I love seeing the new baby calves hit the ground every year. We love the ones with white markings on them the best. It never gets old watching a mama cow take care of her new baby. Branding season is wonderful time to get work done surrounded by family and friends. Not only do we have wonderful family that comes to help but our neighbors, who are good friends, make branding days a lot of fun. Haying season makes for some really long hours. It does help being in an air conditioned tractor while it is so dang hot outside. Fall is a very busy time for the ranch in general, but I have also started a new adventure. McKenzie, my good friend and neighbor, and I got our sub-guide license four years ago and we pack out cow and bull Elk from the Jarbidge Mountain Range via pack horse during hunting season. It has pushed me to get out of my comfort zone in many different ways. Between all the weaning, school, shipping and wife duties, we fit in all the pack outs people call for us to do. Feeding season, which obviously comes when the snow starts falling is a lot more laid back for our ranch and

a lot of fun. Not only do we get to see our cows every day, but we get to enjoy some recreational activities as well. We do as much snowmobiling and sledding as the snow and time allow. We even get a bonfire or two in with the neighbors. My favorite thing about ranching would have to be working alongside my husband and son every day. I absolutely love working with my family, from the laughs to the tears, from the lessons taught to the lessons learned every day is a blessing. Most people when they come out here they say, “you are in the middle of nowhere” and I honestly wouldn’t want it any other way. I love the view from our front porch and back yard!! The hardest part for me would have to be eating our vegetables fast enough they don’t get rotten but not too fast that you run out before you get to town again. Stress is in everything we are doing, whether it be ranching life or city life. Ranching life I feel could have a bit more stress, just because things you can’t control are a big part of ranch life. Weather and cattle prices play a huge part of the ranching lifestyle that all of us would love to control but everyone knows we can’t. I would still much rather deal with the stress of ranching than the city stress of traffic, too many PEOPLE, or getting to work on time. The advice I would give young women wanting to pursue the ranching lifestyle would be don’t just focus on one aspect of ranching. There are so many different duties as a rancher that you need to be open minded and ready to learn a little bit of everything. It can seem very overwhelming but remember why you wanted to be there in the first place. Don’t forget to take time and look around at the beauty of ranch life. We wives do joke a lot about working cows with our spouses, and sometimes it’s no joke. My tip would be don’t take it to heart and always smile even though you know he is yelling at you for his mistake or yours. When it’s all over and done with for the day remember to give your spouse a big kiss and know it was just the heat of the moment.

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Proud Flesh in Horses Words By Sarah P Hummel, DVM

For skin wounds to heal, regardless of species, the skin has to pull together. In order for that skin to pull together, there needs to be a layer of tissue on top of the wound specific for the job. This tissue is called granulation tissue. For skin edges to come together granulation tissue has to be there. If the skin edges are lower than the granulation tissue though, they still can not come together. Like most things in life, a happy balance is key. Granulation tissue is a pink, fluffy tissue that gets laid down after getting a cut. It is made of blood vessels and tissue fibers. Proud flesh in horses is simply the overgrowth of this granulation tissue. Horses are unique in that they tend to make too much of it, in contrast to dogs that don’t make enough. Proud flesh occurs mostly below the front knees (carpus) and below the back hocks (tarsus). The picture above illustrates a very common injury that probably gets the worse proud flesh associated with it. We call these heel bulb lacerations. Horses love to paw at all sorts of things and this is often the consequence. The most detrimental aspect to proud flesh is it delays heeling. Really bad heal bulb fractures can take up to a year to get that skin to finally close. There are several products on the market to help control proud flesh that are mainly geared toward chemical cautery, or burning it off with chemicals. Other topical control methods are putting a steroid ointment on the wound to dampen the proud flesh. These products work

22   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019

fine but they also delay healing to a large extent. Personally, my favorite way of getting rid of proud flesh is to cut it off with a sharp scalpel blade. This method doesn’t delay the healing but it is a very bloody process because all proud flesh is comprised of is blood vessels and fibers. There are no nerves, therefore I generally can get away with it without sedating the horse (the horse in the picture is sedated though đ&#x;˜Š). To prevent more proud flesh from accumulating, I then try to immobilize the area either with a bandage for wounds higher up on the leg, or with a foot cast for the infamous heal bulb fractures. Immobilization of an area for any wound will increase the healing speed. The take home points are to try prevent proud flesh from occurring by immobilizing the area as best you can with good leg wraps or a foot cast (which really should be put on by a veterinarian) and clear up any infection as well. If proud flesh does occur, speed up the healing process by removing it either physically or with chemicals. Take care of your four-legged friends this fall and please call me with any questions or clarifications! If you have any questions, feel free to ask! Sarah P Hummel 775-530-4137 sarahhummeldvm@yahoo.com


POLIOENCEPHALOMALACIA: Crazy Sheep! Revisions to article featured in the September issue. Words By Sarah P Hummel, DVM Last month I submitted an article about “Polio” in sheep and I made a grave mistake. Ironically, it was the same mistake the producers made when initially trying to treat the sheep; I mixed up my B Vitamins. Thiamine is NOT B12. It is actually B1. B12 is mainly used in veterinary medicine as an appetite stimulant. B1 or thiamin is used for many physiologic processes and a lack of it leads to softening or holes in the brain (Polio). This is a very important clarification as the owner was trying to treat initially with B12 but when she switched to the B complex, which contains thiamine, she had very good results treating blind and down animals. If you have any questions, feel free to ask! Sarah P Hummel 775-530-4137 sarahhummeldvm@yahoo.com

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Friday, February 28, 2020 Stock Horse Challenge & Horse Sale Preview Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash

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A Day in the Life of a Cowboy-girl

k o o b p a r c S g n i R a n ch

Words by: Jennifer Whiteley

Photo by: Cody Williams: Left to right, Jess and Kobie Warr, Ashley and Wade Williams, Jordan and Hadley Smith. Just

another take your kids to work day! One of the perks of cowboy jobs is that they are family friendly!

Photo by:Ashley Buckingham:

Ashley, Wade, and Cody Williams getting stuff done!

24   THE NEVADA RANCHER – SEPTEMBER 2019

Photo by: Nicole Poyo: Katie Kern of Paradise Valley, Nevada fills a vaccine gun

with Multimin between calves at branding time. Her daughter, Tyann, watches to learn.


A ranch wife is the backbone of the ranch. She’s fed hay crews, cowboy crews, leppy calves, and stray cowboys, is good help horseback, and is the one her husband calls on when he needs help loading a bull outside, doctoring a yearling, or shoeing a cranky horse. She can read a cow and knows how her husband likes them handled in the branding trap. She keeps the home clean, laundry washed, and hot meals on the table all while raising babies and helping work on the ranch. They make homes out of bunk houses, renovated chicken coops, camp trailers, or 100-year-old ranch houses. She’s bottle fed babies, calves, colts, puppies, and kittens. She takes the midnight shift checking on cows about to calve, knows what fencing pliers are and how to use them, and helps gather cows all day, then prepares a hearty meal from scratch to feed all the help. She goes on parts runs and dog food runs. She can get cows off the county road on her way into a meeting and fix the hole in the fence where they got out with a pair of pliers and what wire she can find there handy. She can get more done on horseback with 2 kids in tow and a half-crazy border collie than you would believe. She knows which cows are cranky, and which ones are aren’t. She can remember cow numbers, preg rates, and which dates you are shipping next week. Ranch wives can do it all and do it well, and still make time to help a friend or neighbor when they need it.

Photo by: Nicole Poyo: At Right: Editor Ashley Buckingham fills a vaccine gun at

her family’s branding in Paradise Valley, Nevada.

Photo by: Rocking Lazy A. Above: Desi Dotson pulls her slack after necking a calf

at branding time.

Photo by: Nicole Poyo: At Right: Cowgirl Hannah Ballantyne keeps her rope tight

at a branding with her boyfriend, Josh Prom.

THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019 25


Liver Flukes in Cattle Can Cause Serious Problems Words By Heather Smith Thomas Cattle can be negatively impacted by two different types of liver flukes—the cattle fluke, Fasciola hepatica, and the deer fluke, Fascioloides magna. The cattle fluke is seen most often, and is also the most widely distributed geographically—found in every western state. James Hawkins DVM, PhD (now retired), in Madison, Mississippi says the deer fluke can be very difficult to control in cattle. “Both species of flukes can kill cattle, but with the cattle fluke, most of the time we just see chronic slowly-developing disease that reduces weight gain or causes weight loss and reduces overall animal health. Cows can become poor doers and eventually get culled,” says Hawkins. Flukes damage the liver, which may set cattle up for other problems, such as redwater disease. Dr. Bert Stromberg, Professor of Parasitology, University of Minnesota, says that even though cattle flukes are most common, in Minnesota the deer fluke is the only one found in cattle. “The deer fluke is also found along the Gulf Coast in Louisiana and Texas, and in parts of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, the Dakotas, and in Idaho, Washington and Oregon—states which also have the cattle fluke. We don’t know why Minnesota only has the deer fluke.” STUDIES LOOKING AT NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF FLUKE “Liver damage affects virtually everything the body needs to do in converting nutrients into utilizable proteins, energy, vitamins, and so on,” says Hawkins. “Thus liver flukes can affect gain in young cattle, but this is usually a relatively slow-developing problem compared to the effect of gastrointestinal nematodes (worms). A large study at LSU sought to discover the most important internal parasite. Is it worms or flukes, and what happens if cattle have both?” The study was done at the LSU experiment station at Alexandria, Louisiana using replacement beef heifers from other university farms. The experiment station received the heifers after they were weaned, then bred them and sent them back as bred heifers. “This property had a long history of fluke problems,” says Hawkins. The weaned heifers were divided into 4 groups (24 per group per year, for 4 years). “One group was treated with injectable ivermectin—to kill the worms but not the flukes. Another group was treated for liver flukes only, using a product containing clorsulon) which kills liver flukes but nothing else. Another group was treated for both worms and flukes. The fourth group served as untreated controls,” says Hawkins. “This study found that in young cattle the GI nematodes have the most profound impact on gain. These cattle were on pasture, and in the winter were on ryegrass, supplemented by corn-based concentrate so they would gain a pound per day, to reach proper breeding weight,” he explains. “Compared with the untreated control group—which actually did pretty well, gaining approximately one pound per day—the ones that were dewormed averaged 23 to 25 pounds more. They gained more than necessary to be at their proper weight at breeding. That group could have been backed off a little on feed and still attained the proper breeding weight, which would have saved money on feed,” says Hawkins. The group that always did the best, in all the years of the study, was the one that got

26   THE NEVADA RANCHER – SEPTEMBER 2019

both treatments—worm control and fluke control. “They had better weight gain, and increased conception rates. The heifers that were treated for just flukes gained 23 pounds more than the untreated controls, on average,” says Hawkins. For this study the cattle were naturally infected with worms and flukes on pastures that were known to have liver flukes and worms. During their growing period, under these conditions, the worms had more effect on weight gain than the flukes, but in extreme situations with heavy fluke infestations, young cattle, such as replacement heifers or stockers, can die from liver failure. In this particular study the heifers were bred AI after their growing period. “The interesting thing was that flukes had a big impact on conception rates. Even though the untreated control heifers were at proper breeding weight and in good body condition at breeding, their conception rate was dramatically reduced. The researchers wondered why these heifers didn’t get pregnant like they should. So they decided to keep that group and follow them through calving, to try to see what was going on.” The untreated heifers not only had low conception and calving rates but there was also a significant reduction in the birth weight of their calves. “One calf weighed only 26 pounds and did not survive,” says Hawkins. “The researchers asked my opinion but I didn’t know what happened. What I’d been taught in veterinary school is that conception is primarily dictated by body condition and proper weight at the time of breeding. I did a complete literature search and talked to other parasitologists. One of them was trained in human parasitology and mentioned a human fluke that in other parts of the world can affect normal development of the gonads, especially if it infects young boys.” Hawkins also found a study in Spain where dairy heifers had been experimentally infected with liver flukes. “The researcher had an uninfected control group, and monitored everything, including conception. He found that liver fluke infection impacted the estrogen-progesterone ratio in the heifers. The progesterone was lower than normal and estrogen was higher than normal. In his study, the liver fluke-infected heifers were 39 days late on average, coming into their first standing estrus, and their conception rate was also statistically lower.” The ratio of estrogen and progesterone is what is most important for conception, rather than the actual levels, except there has to be a certain level of progesterone or pregnancy won’t be maintained after the animal conceives. “In the fluke-infected heifers, the ratio was messed up, interfering with heat cycles. The researcher felt that the low progesterone could also cause some of the heifers that did get pregnant to lose their pregnancy,” says Hawkins. “This may be an indication that herds with chronic liver fluke infection could have problems with reproduction. I’ve seen this in herds along the Gulf Coast. Some producers there feel that a 75% conception rate is the best they can do. I’d always attributed this to things like poor management, heat stress, poor nutrition, etc. but it may be primarily due to the fact that even though they are treating for liver flukes they aren’t getting enough control to alleviate this affect. I wanted to do a similar study with cows, but did not get funding so this has not been confirmed with studies


in beef cows; it was just confirmed in dairy heifers. I believe it probably happens in adult cows, to a lesser extent, but to my knowledge has not been confirmed,” he says. There is also data from Texas A&M showing that fluke infection was the only thing that statistically correlated with bulls failing breeding soundness exams. “This study was done with several thousand bulls over 9 years of breeding soundness exams. The results indicated that if bulls failed their exam and had a positive test for flukes and were treated for flukes, they would almost always have a successful breeding soundness exam 6 weeks later. This was especially true in young bulls,” says Hawkins. In a feedlot, flukes can also be a problem. There have been a number of studies showing that gain and feed conversion are affected. “Gain is primarily affected by the number of flukes; the more flukes, the more impact. But the effect on feed conversion is probably the most important, because the cost of gain is a big issue; if it costs you more to finish that animal than normal, you lose money,” says Hawkins. “The best study I saw on this was done by Oklahoma State University. They took a group of feedlot steers and monitored individual animal feed intake and gain. When the steers went to slaughter, each liver was checked for flukes. Then the researchers went back to see what each animal did on average daily gain and feed intake. They found that flukes significantly impacted gain and feed conversion,” he says. TREATMENT “It definitely pays to control flukes, but a problem in the feedlot is that it is very difficult to diagnose fluke infection, and relatively expensive,” says Hawkins. “Fluke eggs are hard to find. You have to use a special technique. Even if you find them, this doesn’t indicate whether there is a significant enough level of infection to make a difference,” says Hawkins. “So we recommend that feedlots receiving cattle from fluke-endemic areas treat them. Even if you only get one group out of 10 that has a problem, it will pay to treat them all. Using a product that gets flukes is not that much more expensive than using a dewormer that doesn’t. We just recommend treating them all, unless you know you are buying cattle that don’t have flukes. The problem today is that cattle are moved around a lot, and you may not know where they originate unless you are buying from the farm or ranch they were raised on--and know the source,” he explains. “We are seeing more problems from flukes, with feedlots calling owners and telling them their cattle have flukes, and that they need to treat for them—or they won’t buy them anymore,” says Hawkins. Stromberg says the problem with deer flukes is that there’s not a good product that will kill them. “There are two products for cattle flukes. Ivomec-Plus contains clorsulon and kills adult cattle flukes but doesn’t work for deer flukes at label dose. The only other thing we have is Albendazole (Valbazan). It works well against mature flukes, which means it will kill cattle flukes, but not the deer flukes in sheep, llamas or goats. In these hosts, the flukes usually do not mature (because these animals are not the right host, which is white-tailed deer) and keep migrating through the body in immature form, causing more damage. This is why they are so deadly in sheep,” says Stromberg. When trying to control liver flukes, we need to think of their life cycle. Unlike worms that parasitize cattle (adult worms laying eggs which pass in manure and become larvae on pasture to be eaten by cattle), flukes need an intermediate host—a snail that lives in wet, marshy areas. A person needs to either control the snails, get rid of the wet areas, or keep livestock out of these areas, to keep them from picking up flukes. The fluke life cycle is dictated by rainfall/ moisture. Snails must have water. “Usually, if we have 2 or 3 wet years in a row, we see more liver flukes,” says Hawkins. Even on dry years certain farms still have flukes, however. These farms may have standing water in some areas. The swamps may be fenced off, to keep cattle out of them because of the flukes.

be great habitat for snails. When treating cattle flukes, you need to know the life cycle of the flukes in your area, and how long it takes for immature stages to become adults. “You need to know the transmission season (when it’s wet) and then when it starts to dry out, treat about 8 weeks later. This is usually in the fall of the year in much of the U.S. but could be late winter or spring in the Northwest where there are wet winters. Some regions like Florida or south Texas have transmission year round. Your strategy there would be to treat for flukes each time you deworm. If you are going to treat only once for flukes, determine the time of year when there is the most transmission, and treat at least 8 weeks later. “This would be September to November in the Southeast and March through May in the Northwest. You would be getting a smaller amount of infection during the other months,” says Hawkins. “Pay special attention to replacement heifers and young bulls, to make sure flukes are not an issue. Even if you are not sure about flukes on your place, at least one de-worming per year (with a product that kills flukes) for the cow herd is a good idea, and probably two for the replacement heifers—just to make sure they are gaining/ producing to their potential, and to save on feed costs,” Hawkins says. “We have a problem with drug efficacy when trying to control deer flukes,” says Stromberg. “We’ve had reports of dairy cows dying with deer flukes, especially young cows during their first lactation. They are stressed—still growing, and pushed for milk production. There’s just not enough liver left; the flukes literally destroy their liver,” Stromberg says. There is no fluke treatment approved for use in lactating dairy cows. “With deer fluke, there’s no easy way to diagnose them in sheep or cattle. In sheep, the flukes never mature (and keep traveling around the body) and in cattle they may mature, but live in cysts in the liver that don’t communicate with the bile ducts—and their eggs never get out.” Checking for fluke eggs won’t do any good; no eggs are being passed, according to Stromberg. These flukes remain encysted and tend to keep destroying more of the liver because they are not contained in the bile ducts. The cyst becomes a mass of necrotic tissue, expanding into the area around it. “We often find very little normal liver tissue left, in calves that had deer flukes. What we recommend, for deer fluke, is to treat calves at the end of summer—into the fall—as we start to see an increasing number of flukes maturing. It would be nice to be able to treat with something that will kill immature stages but the only appropriate drug is not available in the U.S. We treat with what we have, and hope to knock the numbers down,” explains Stromberg. “To get deer flukes you need to use 2 to 4 times the recommended dose for cattle flukes,” says Hawkins. “Even then, you don’t always get good control. The deer flukes are more resistant to the drugs. Cattle are an abnormal host, so the body walls them off like it would an abscess. Once the flukes mature, they pair up in the liver and become stationary and the cow walls them off with a fibrous connective-tissue capsule,” he says. “Because of the fibrous capsule surrounding the flukes, drugs can’t touch them. So cattle are a dead-end host once deer flukes are in the liver, because they can’t pass their eggs, but they cause a lot of damage before they get walled off. So all we kill, when treating deer flukes, are the migrating immatures,” he explains. “Basically the only way to control deer flukes is to control deer, which is difficult or impossible. So we are searching for new ways to control deer flukes. There are some products that are available elsewhere in the world but we may never have them here, because most of them are carcinogens,” says Hawkins. “With deer populations expanding, the deer flukes are also expanding their areas. The same is happening with cattle flukes. Any time an animal dies on your place get it necropsied or open it up yourself and check the liver. If there is severe damage, you can see it. If you know you have flukes, treat with something that kills liver flukes every time you de-worm your cattle,” he says.

“But when we have a drought and feed is short, this may be the only green place on the farm and cattle may graze there. So we find some places where a producer ends up with extremely high levels of fluke infection during a drought. Cattle are grazing those wet areas where they don’t normally graze,” Hawkins says. Timing is important when treating cattle flukes, since the drugs only kill mature flukes. They mature in the bile ducts, where they lodge and pass eggs, and contaminate the pasture with eggs. By killing the adults we can prevent the passage of eggs back into the environment and thus break the life cycle—so there won’t be as many immature flukes picked up by snails to continue their cycle. In an area with a lot of rainfall or irrigation there may be snails anywhere in a wet pasture. Flood irrigation where wastewater collects in the lower areas of a field may

THE NEVADA RANCHER – SEPTEMBER 2019 27


Backgrounding Your Calves This Year? Words By Steve Foster , Pershing County Extension The recent packinghouse fire in Kansas has the potential to cause a backlog in feed yards that pressures feeder calf prices this fall. Backgrounding calves for later sale is an alternative. To recap what is affecting the recent cattle market, on Friday, August 9 at fire at the Tyson cattle harvest facility in Kansas caused enough damage that it has expected to be off-line for at least 8 to 12 weeks. This plant was harvesting about 6,000 head per day, or nearly 6% of the cattle harvested in the U.S. While losing 6% of our harvest capacity may seem minimal, it comes at a time when the majority of the kill capacity in the country was at or above 90%, which technically puts them at capacity. With recent Cattle “On Feed Reports”, suggesting feed yards are basically full, any slowdown in moving them to harvest will pressure the demand for replacement feeder calves until space in the feed yard becomes available. Following on the heels of the Kansas packing plant closure, on Monday, August 12, the National Ag Statistics Service released their Crop Forecast that indicated there were significantly more U.S. corn acres, yield and projected corn inventory than earlier anticipated. This caused down limit corn markets for two days, with further declines in the days that followed. However, the latest private crop tour estimates suggest a significantly lower corn yield than current USDA estimates and acres harvested remains an unknown. One thing that seems clear is that much of the corn crop is sharply delayed in maturity. The risk associated with an early or even normal frost in the Corn Belt is high. Typically, when feed prices go down, we see feeder calf prices begin to climb as a corresponding move. That is, unless fed cattle prices are unstable or declining. A fire in a

Kansas cattle-packing plant just before a report detailing that the U.S. might have planted more acres of corn than earlier anticipated caused the perfect storm that allowed pressure on feeder calf prices at the same time as declining feed prices. As we approach time of year when the vast majority of U.S. feeder calves are weaned and marketed, there is little time to develop a plan that might preserve or even enhance some of the value and profit in feeder calves. Especially, when they may not be in as strong demand now as they might have been just a few weeks ago. However, less expensive feed combined with the thought that calf prices can rebound in the coming months once we are past the seasonal tendency for lower prices and the damaged Kansas packing house comes back on-line, may offer incentive for developing a strategy to hold on to this fall’s feeder calves while also adding value to them. While there may be little that can be done for fed cattle that are market ready, there are some things that cow/calf producers can do if demand for feeder calves is delayed until after a consistent flow of fed cattle leaving the feed yard is restored. Backgrounding is the growing of steers and heifers from weaning until they enter the feedlot for finishing. Backgrounding and Stocker cattle are similar although backgrounding is sometimes associated with a drylot, and stockering cattle is thought of as pasture-based system. However, any system that takes advantage of economical feed sources can be investigated. Steve Boyles, OSU Beef Extension Specialist, offers suggestions on how one might background calves and add another layer of value. There are many systems for backgrounding. A common one is calves are retained or bought in the fall and sold a few months later. A backgrounding system can be part of a cow-calf operation or part of a finishing operation. You can handle about 1.4 calves on the feed needed for one beef cow. Since the cattle are not owned very long in typical backgrounding and stockering operations, buying and selling skills are very important. You may own/retain the cattle for a relatively short time, therefore what you buy (or the price you could get at weaning) and the selling price as a backgrounded calf is very important. Rate of gain increases in importance the longer you own the cattle. Have an idea of the value of the feed resources you have on hand in addition to those you purchase. Investigate the use of implants and feed additives for growing cattle to optimize feed efficiency.

OBENDORF RANCH Jordan Valley, Oregon 2463± acres | $8,500,000 A very productive, improved cow/calf ranch. Will run 900+ cows, sell some hay and background the calves. Home place has great water rights, both surface and well water. 900 calf feed yard. Irrigated ground produces alfalfa, corn and wild hay. Can be purchased turn key. KEN BENTZ

Invest & Enjoy

Principal Broker 541.647.0657 KBentz@FayRanches.com Licensed in OR and NV www.FayRanches.com

28   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019

One might budget for 2% death loss to protect yourself. Skills in detecting sick cattle are essential. Take time to observe the cattle during feeding using proper bunk management. Work with your veterinarian in having a health management plan. Work with your local auction facility to see if they can be part of a preconditioning sale. Rate of gain needs to allow for growth but you do not want the cattle to become fat. Historically, this has been around 1.5 to 2.0 pounds of daily gain. With larger frame cattle we can approach 2.5 pounds a day gain. Faster rates of gain can reduce cost per unit of gain. Since these are young cattle they can respond to high quality forage based diets. Cattle backgrounded in the fall and winter that are destined for pasture should not be fleshy if gaining 1.5 to 2.0 pounds per day. Backgrounding could not only enhance calf value by adding some lower cost pounds, but it also moves the marketing of the calves to a time when calf prices are traditionally beginning to climb, and also away from the confusion in the market caused by the recent Kansas fire.


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Once the rumen is conditioned with CowBos Starter, the animal’s appetite will increase. Nutrients in CowBos Starter are readily accessible by the rumen microbes, which allow them to quickly repopulate the rumen. A healthy rumen population is essential to nutrient availability to the host cattle. CowBos Starter minimizes the effects of stress by getting cattle back on feed and gaining weight as well as decreasing incidence of sickness.

Now is the time to optimize nutrition and performance. Your local CowBos Dealer delivers cost-effective, labor-saving and high-quality solutions with professional service to make the most of your investment.

Paul Miller - Winnemucca, NV - (208)861-0607 Walter Miller - Homedale, ID - (208)941-4027 Jake Miller - Bruneau, ID - (208)590-4104

Thank You For Supporting the Mound Valley 4H Club Trent Whiteley would like to thank Agri Beef for their purchase of his market steer at the Elko County Fair and Livestock Show. Allie Ross would like to thank Beitia Livestock for their purchase of her market steer at the Elko County Fair and Livestock Show. Jenni Barnes would like to thank Wade and Cara Small for their purchase of her market steer at the Elko County Fair and Livestock Show. Whitley, Ross, and Barnes would like to thank Neff Mills, Pinenut Livestock Supply, Ellison Ranching Co., Raley’s, Owl Creek Ranch, and Agri Beef for their generous add-ons to each market animal. Jessie Husbands would like to thank Stotz Equipment for their purchase of her market lamb at the Elko County Fair and Livestock Show. She would also like to thank Ellison Ranching Co., Assemblyman John Ellison, Raley’s, Acha Construction, M&M Express, and the Glass Doctor for their generous add ons to the price of her lamb.

THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019 29


Part II

Part I can be found in the September issue of the Nevada Rancher Magazine

Environmentalist NGOs Intentionally Paint a Skewed Picture It is common for environmentalist NGOs to state that most or all of grazing on federal lands is done by “big ag” or “corporate ag.” It is important to note that incorporation is just a business structure often utilized by family farms and ranches for business purposes. The USDA classifies family operations as being “organized as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or family corporation.” Family operations make up 96% of farms and ranches in the United States. For years, environmental extremist NGOs such as Western Watersheds Project (WWP) and Center for Biological Diversity (CBD) have tried to paint the grossly and intentionally skewed picture that ranchers utilizing resources on federally managed lands are “taking advantage”. Nothing could be farther from the truth. As described previously, ranchers pay to use the grazing preferences they already own and they also pay out of pocket for improvements such as fencing, water source maintenance, and weed control. Public lands grazing has numerous benefits for society, the economy, and the environment, contrary to the NGO’s narrative.

the survival of the rural economies. The Department of the Interior has found that the grazing of federally administered lands contributes more than $1.5 billion to the US economy annually. • The cost to the BLM of managing ungrazed lands is more than double the cost of managing grazed land. Grazing saves the BLM approximately $750 million dollars each year. • Livestock grazing utilizes the uniquely renewable rangeland resource, literally converting grasses that are unusable by humans into delicious, nutritious food and numerous byproducts used in hundreds of everyday items. About 40% of the nation’s beef cattle spend time on public lands, as do 50% of the nation’s sheep herds. • Most recent statistics show 31.7 million beef cattle and 5.2 million sheep in the United States.

Most of the ranches in the West were established by settlers who persevered in the face of unimaginable trials where most people could not. That these ranches remain functional and productive benefits all Americans in a number of ways.

• With the world population expected to reach 9 billion by 2050, our need for food will increase by more than 100%. Much of land that is easily suitable for farming is already being farmed in the US so meeting this need will be a daunting task. Continued utilization of rangelands to produce food will become increasingly vital, it also works to prevent the deforestation that would be necessary to convert enough land to farmland to support an expanding population.

Utilizing an Otherwise Unusable Resource

Open Space Instead of Development

• The definition of “rangelands” encompasses many types of land--grasslands, shrublands, wetlands, tundra, and deserts--that are grazed by native wildlife and livestock but are unsuitable for other productive uses.

• It is estimated by the USFS that 6,000 acres of open space are lost in the United States every day to development. The practice of grazing federal lands allows the base properties attached to the allotments to continue ranching operations, rather than being lost to irreversible development. A study by the Center for American Progress found that “development on private lands accounted for nearly threefourths of all-natural areas in the West that disappeared.”

Benefits of Grazing Allotments to The Public

• Groups pushing a vegan lifestyle often state that land should be used to grow food for humans instead of for livestock. The vast majority of the rangeland in the west is unsuitable for any use other than livestock grazing. Much of the terrain is rough and steep, and also because of soil type and water scarcity, cannot support the farming of crops. • Proper grazing management is unique in its role in keeping the rangeland resource in optimal condition for all other land users, including wildlife, all while providing essential products. Rural Economies and Resources—Helping to Feed the World • With over half of the West’s land being federally owned, grazing is essential for

30   THE NEVADA RANCHER – SEPTEMBER 2019

Carbon Sequestration • Properly managed livestock grazing helps renew the landscape by helping seed distribution, aerating, and fertilizing soil. Further, holistic grazing practices can actually restore and regenerate decertified lands. Chris Mehus, ranching director at the Western Sustainability Exchange, explained how carefully managed rotational grazing sequesters carbon: “Higher stocking densities on pastures, shorter grazing periods, longer rest periods – all those things equate to healthier plants, a greater plant diversity, and more plants on the soil surface, which equates to more roots in the soil,


which means more carbon sequestered.” Mitigation of Wildfire Threats • Properly managed grazing greatly mitigates fire danger by reducing fuel loads. Early and late season grazing substantially reduces the amount of extremely combustible cheat grass, which is a hardy and prolific non-native grass which has been found to actually double the likelihood of fire. • Wildfire is recognized as the greatest threat to wildlife species, such as the sage grouse. The late Grant Gerber of Elko, Nevada, researched the effects of fire on wildlife. He found that, at the very least, three vertebrate animals live per acre on rangelands, with many more in forested areas. Gerber visited the aftermath of Arizona’s Bear Wallow fire of 2011, which has been Arizona’s largest and worst fire to date, burning 538,049 acres. Gerber found and documented that over 1.5 million vertebrate animals had needlessly perished—along with countless insects and incalculable plant life. • Wildfire creates a massive CO2 output: in 2018, scientists estimated that wildfires have emitted 8 billion pounds of CO2 per year for the past 20 years—roughly 5 to 10 percent of global CO2 emissions. • Ranchers create associations of volunteer firefighters that save the government millions of dollars in fire-fighting costs. By being located close to the lands they graze and having a personal investment in the well-being of the land, first-responder volunteer firefighters that can get a newly started fire out quickly are an invaluable resource. In 2018 alone, firefighting cost the government $3,143,256,000. Wildlife and Public Use • Ranchers invest a great deal of time and money into rangeland improvements that benefit other land users and native wildlife. • Water resources developed and maintained by ranchers are often the only water available for wildlife, especially during drought years when creeks dry up completely. • Native wildlife like elk, antelope, and deer benefit from mineral supplements put out for livestock. • Weed control funded and performed by ranchers helps the native plants to thrive, which in turn benefits native wildlife. o The building and maintenance of fences keeps livestock in appropriate areas to help facilitate targeted grazing goals that enhance the overall natural landscape. • Properly managed grazing can enhance and improve wildlife habitats. For example, specifically timed cattle grazing in areas of the Great Basin has been shown to improve height and volume of bitterbrush that is vital to deer. Also, some studies show that sage grouse have been found to prefer the nutritious regrowth of grazed forbs over the mature, dried forbs of ungrazed lands. Grazed lands also tend to have higher populations of the insects that are vital for sage grouse chicks first months of life.

fuel load after they were grazed. This, combined with dry, hot summers and numerous ignition sources, makes for a “perfect storm” of conditions for the pattern of unbelievably devastating wildfires burning every year. • It is common for ranchers to have to wait two years or more to turn out after range burns, regardless of on-the-ground conditions and the actual state of recovery. Cheat grass is often the first to grow in a burned area, thus perpetuating the fire cycle. This is a risk that can easily be mitigated by targeted livestock grazing, an option that government agencies are currently exploring. • An executive order was issued by President Trump in December 2018, “Promoting Active Management of America’s Forests, Rangelands, and other Federal Lands to Improve Conditions and Reduce Wildfire Risk.” Radical Environmental Groups • Environmentalist NGOs buy out and retire grazing permits. • It is common practice for environmentalist extremist NGOs to take advantage of the National Environmental Protection Act, Endangered Species Act, and Equal Access to Justice Act for financial gain, filing frivolous lawsuits and effectively paralyzing sustainable, science based multiple-use range management. These lawsuits bog the agencies down in unnecessary procedure and paperwork, preventing necessary work from being done. • These lawsuits keep livestock off the range, allowing the fuel load and wildfire risk to increase exponentially, at great risk to the very wildlife the NGOs claim to want to protect. Learn more about the NGOs and their lawsuits on our website. Overpopulation of Rangeland Horses • The overpopulation of wild horses has left many ranchers unable to utilize their grazing preferences. The Wild Horse & Burro Act of 1971 established the appropriate management level (AML) as approximately 27,000 horses that could exist in “thriving ecological balance” with livestock and native wildlife. However, there are now approximately 90,000 wild horses and burros on the range, creating a multi-faceted crisis with no end in sight. • The totally preventable overpopulation crisis has been completely caused by wild horse “advocacy” groups filing lawsuits to prevent effective management of on-range horses. The effects have been not only the destruction of many ranchers’ grazing preferences, but an animal welfare emergency for the horses who have eaten themselves out of house and home in some areas and are suffering immensely. • Ranchers are under continual intense scrutiny for the potential effects livestock may have on native wildlife, but the resource decimation caused by wild horses remains unaddressed in the face of litigation from wild horse “advocacy” groups that are not held accountable for the detrimental results of their legal actions. You can learn more about this issue on our website.

Challenges

Protect the Harvest Supports Common Sense Management

No matter where livestock is raised and grazed, there are normal challenges like weather and market fluctuations. However, ranchers who graze their livestock on western federal land face additional challenges that are at best unnecessary, but all too frequently dangerous and destructive to the rangeland ecosystems as a whole.

The original multiple use intent for federal lands has sadly been lost in red tape and litigation at the hands of environmentalists over the years, at great harm to ranchers, rural economies, wildlife, and ironically, the environment itself.

The numbers of livestock on federally managed lands has declined by more than 70% since the 1970s due to a number of factors, most stemming from well-intentioned but convoluted policy change that created “analysis paralysis” within government agencies, stifling management and opening the doorway for environmentalist NGOs “sue and settle” practices. Increase in Wildfire: Putting Land & Livelihoods At Risk • While the last half-century has seen a drastic decline in the number of livestock on federal lands, there has been a dramatic increase in wildfire frequency, intensity, and duration. • By the BLM’s own admission, some areas have been left with as much as 1000%

Protect The Harvest supports both federal agencies and ranchers as they work together to restore a true multiple-use balance on federal lands. We cannot afford to lose the West to those who had no stake in settling it, or those who value panhandling for donations over balanced, sound, science-based rangeland management. Western journalist Andy Rieber wrote: “If American taxpayers value landscapes unbroken and unburned, they should tip their hats to the ranchers. These hard-working men and women aren’t on “welfare.” They are fundamental to the welfare of America’s wide-open West.” Protect the Harvest is a nonprofit group who works to protect our American heritage and traditions. For more information, visit www.ProtectTheHarvest.com or find them on Facebook.

THE NEVADA RANCHER – SEPTEMBER 2019 31


2019 Nevada Stallion Stakes Results Elko, NV Words By Jennifer Whiteley Photos By David Kimble NSS Open Futurity 1st Place: Diamond AK 47 sired by CD Diamond, owned by Janet Kubichek, ridden by Flint Lee. 2nd Place: Hickorys Monster Mash sired by Hickory Holly Time, owned by Rodney Koberstein, ridden by Michael Vipham. NRCHA LAE Futurity 1st Place: Diamond AK 47 sired by CD Diamond, owned by Janet Kubichek, ridden by Flint Lee. 2nd Place: Hickorys Monster Mash sired by Hickory Holly Time, owned by Rodney Koberstein, ridden by Casey Bieroth on Neat King Flo sired by Neat Little Cat, owned by Bieroth Ranch Michael Vipham. placed 3rd in the NSS Open Derby & ECNRCHA Derby 4 & 5 year olds Open Class. 3rd Place: Smooth and Shiny 45 sired by Smooth As A Cat owned by Janet Kubichek, ridden by Flint Lee. NSS & NRCHA Open Hackamore Class 1st Place: Mr Metallic Freckles sired by Metallic Cat owned by Gary Stark, ridden by Gary Stark. NRCHA Non Pro Bridle Class 1st Place: A Rumor Has It owned by Taylor and Amelia Wakley, ridden by Amelia Wakley. ECNRCHA Novice Non Pro Bridle 1st Place: Hesa Pleasen Prize sired by Smokums Prize, owned by Kyla Prunty Rianda, ridden by Kyla Prunty Rianda. NSS Limited Bridle 1st Place: Hesa Pleasen Prize sired by Smokums Prize, owned by Kyla Prunty Rianda, ridden by Kyla Prunty Rianda. NSS Non Pro Limited/Derby Hesa Pleasen Prize sired by Smokums Prize, owned and ridden by Kyla Prunty 1st Place: Cats Gotta Pepto sired by Cats Gotta DiaRianda took first place honors in both the ECNRHA Novice Non Pro Bridle and mond owned by Bea Lee, ridden by Bea Lee. the NSS Limited Bridle classes. 2nd Place: Arc Peptos Belle sired by One Time Pepto owned by Sharon or Thomas Kirkpatrick, ridden by Carolyn Greene. NRCHA Non Pro Limited 4320 W. Winnemucca Blvd. Winnemucca,NV 89445 1st Place: Cats Gotta Pepto sired by Cats Gotta Diamond owned by Bea Lee, ridden by Bea Lee. NRCHA $5K Non Pro Limited 1st Place: Cats Gotta Pepto sired by Cats Gotta Diamond owned by Bea Lee, ridden by Bea Lee. We stock livestock vaccines, Dog and Cat foods, grains and hay, NRCHA $1000 Non Pro Limited cattle supplements, tarter feed/water troughs, 1st Place: Gunners Main Event owned fencing material and MORE! by Courtney Claypool, ridden by Courtney Claypool. Product Availability and Customer Service are Our Main Goals! 2nd Place: Halo Ruby Tuesday sired by Hayreycious owned by Cindy Cullen, ridden by Cindy Cullen.

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NSS Open Derby & ECNRCHA Derby 4 & 5 YR Olds Open Rein 1st Place: Smokum Guns N Glory sired by Fairlea Guns N Glory owned by Dave Thacker, ridden by Dave Thacker. 2nd Place: Cuttin With A Gun by Spooks Gotta Gun owned by Sliding Sister Ranch, ridden by Dave Thacker. 3rd Place: Neat King Flo by Neat Little Cat owned by Bieroth Ranch, ridden by Casey Bieroth. ECNRCHA Derby 4 & 5 YR Olds Open 1st Place: Cuttin With A Gun by Spooks Gotta Gun owned by Sliding Sister Ranch, ridden by Dave Thacker. 2nd Place: Neat King Flo by Neat Little Cat owned by Bieroth Ranch, ridden by Casey Bieroth. 3rd Place: Hot Damn Im Smooth owned by Debi Michaels, ridden by Dave Thacker. NRCHA LAE Derby Non Pro 1st Place: Not Outa Luck owned by Madison Bugni, ridden by Madison Bugni. NSS & NRCHA Open Bridle Class 1st Place: Little One Time sired by One Time Pepto, owned by Tammy Lee, ridden by Flint Lee. 2nd Place: Proceed to Party sired by Nic It In The Bud owned by Aimee Sumner, ridden by JD Thacker. ECNRCHA Open Bridle 1st Place: Haida Lena Peppy owned by Diane Resetar, ridden by Jason Gay. 2nd Place: Little One Time sired by One Time Pepto, owned by Tammy Lee, ridden by Flint Lee. NSS Two Rein/Green Bridle 1st Place: Peparoo sired by Smart Little Pepinic owned by Matt & Leah Mori, ridden by Matt Mori. 2nd Place: Handy N Gotta Gun sired by Spooks Smart Chic owned by Flint Lee, ridden by Flint Lee. ECNRCHA Open Two Rein 1st Place: Peparoo sired by Smart Little Pepinic owned by Matt & Leah Mori, ridden by Matt Mori. 2nd Place: Handy N Gotta Gun sired by Spooks Smart Chic owned by Flint Lee, ridden by Flint Lee. High Point Champion Nevada Stallion: Fairlea Guns N Glory Nevada Bred High Money Earner Award: Dave Thacker Champion Stallion: Fairlea Guns N Glory


Looking down from 30,000 feet on Nevada’s craggy, arid landscape doesn’t evoke an image of what most people think of as rangeland. But this vast and seemingly desolate place as viewed from five miles high actually supports a vital and healthy livestock industry. In an environment which receives an average 7.5 inches of precipitation a year, careful and constant management of these particular rangelands is crucial. More than 85 percent of nevada is managed by the federal government under the supervision of the bureau of land management, the u.s. forest service, and the military. Because private land is very limited, ranchers need to use some of these public lands, as well as their own, for grazing herds of cattle and sheep. ranchers are given an allotment and a predetermined number of livestock are allowed to graze at a per-head fee.

This has been an agreeable partnership for close to a hundred years, with both parties active in managing the land to accommodate many uses such as wildlife habitat and recreation as well as grazing. The health of our rangeland is in everyone’s best interest. Land has always been the foundation of our nation’s wealth and the men and women who work that land are the traditional caretakers. land management and conservation science have advanced greatly over the last decades and modern ranchers keep up, or are in the lead.

Carefully grazed rangeland has been shown to be healthier and more productive than ungrazed land separated by only a wire fence. Grazing animals control invasive species and organic matter that fuels destructive wildfires. Like most of the west, nevada has been impacted by urban growth, especially by the increased demands on a limited water supply. Natural resources are under pressure so it becomes increasingly critical to manage our rangelands to benefit not only our livestock industry, but the very place we call home.

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! t a e Let’s

Popcorn Balls

Lamoille, Nev.—I think fall is finally here! I love fall. I love felt hats, wool sweaters, and wild rags. I love frosty mornings, and fresh horses. Nothing makes me happier than trotting out early in the morning on a young horse that feels good, while wearing a wool sweater, wild rag, and felt cowboy hat. Before I had kids, I worked full time on a cowboy crew with the Cowboss. Fall was my favorite season. Gathering pairs, re-riding, weaning, pregging, and shipping, all those things we do in fall were my favorite things. Saddling early in the morning, seeing our breath, and maybe a bronc ride or two as we trotted out from camp, then the days warming up till you didn’t need your gloves and sweater, are some of my fondest memories. Then the kids came, and we changed jobs so we wouldn’t live in remote cow camps 9 months of the year, and I didn’t get to trot as much, or even ride on chilly fall mornings. As the boys got bigger, I got to do more, but once school started, I was restricted to the bus schedule. Cows were generally gathered to the corral by the time I got the kids on the bus, and there was no point for me to even take a horse on the days we weaned and pregged cows because the fun part was done before I got there. Those days were really hard for me, and I started to dread fall time. Over the summer I get so used to having at least one boy with me horseback that I just hated losing my good help and not being able to be horseback!

Words and Photo By Jennifer Whiteley This year we are trying something different. We have pulled the boys out of public school and are homeschooling them, which is funny because I swore I would never, ever homeschool my kids. We just feel like kids are growing up way too fast these days and we want to keep them young for a bit longer. We want to have more of an influence over what they are “learning” at school, and I have to say we are really enjoying having them home with us. I think they are learning a lot of good things too, that you can’t really learn in a classroom. We start our days early with them knocking out a couple of lessons while I cook breakfast. After they have had a chance to eat, we saddle up and do some ranch work. They have helped wean calves, vaccinate calves, weigh cattle to ship, and doctor sick cattle. After lunch we finish up school. Not everyday is perfect, but it seems to be working well for us. The best part though, I have my good help with me every day, and I get to do all the fun stuff horseback! Besides being horseback, fall time means hunting season and popcorn balls! It really wouldn’t be fall or Halloween in our family without these delicious, ooey, gooey, treats. My grandma has made them for us for years, and we love them. The recipe comes from my best friend Marva’s grandma Grace, and it is sure to be your family’s favorite too!

Popcorn Balls from the Kitchen of Grace Evans Ingredients 1 cube of butter 1 package brown sugar (2 ¼ c.) 1 can Borden’s condensed milk 1 c. corn syrup 1 tsp. vanilla Enough popcorn to make 40 popcorn balls

Instructions Mix butter, sugar, and corn syrup. Bring to a boil, add milk and cook until soft ball stage (make it pretty firm). Add vanilla (stir constantly). Pop popcorn. Pour caramel sauce over popcorn. Form into balls and wrap with plastic wrap. Enjoy!

Editor’s Note: Our fun “Let’s Eat” page seemed to have ruffled a few feathers in our Septemer issue, featuring a bbq chicken recipe. The placement of the recipe wasn’t ideal. We are proud of our beef raising heritage and love eating beef, but also support all aspects of agriculture and will often enjoy pork, lamb, turkey, goat and chicken. My favorite childhood memory from trick-or-treating in our small valley was visiting, Liz Chabot’s and Jhona Bell’s homes. They always gave out popcorn balls!

34   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019


2019 Elko FairPhotos & ByStock Horse Classes Nicole Poyo

Bottom Left: Amelia Wakley and her horse Rumor Has It came in 4th in the Women’s Class. Bottom Right: Alex Vipham of Mountain City shows “Little Foot” in the Women’s Class.


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To qualify for recognition, an applicant’s ranch or farm must have belonged to his or her family for at least 100 years and must be a working ranch or farm with a minimum of 160 acres. Operations with fewer than 160 acres must have gross yearly sales of at least $1,000. Fifty-two families have been awarded this distinction since the program began in 2004.

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The NDA partners with Nevada Cattlemen’s Association, Nevada Agricultural Foundation and Nevada Farm Bureau to honor inductees. This year’s awards ceremony will be held at the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association Annual Conference in Elko, Nev. Visit agri.nv.gov/Centennial_Awards to learn more about the Nevada Centennial Awards program and past inductees.

The Northern Nevada Correctional Center saddle-trained wild horse adoption is scheduled for Saturday, October 19 BLM Nevada and the Nevada Department of Corrections-Silver state Industries are hosting a saddle-trained wild horse & burro adoption. Up to 15 saddle-started wild horses and 1 halter-started wild burro will be offered for adoption through a competitive bid process. Information on the program and catalogs for the events are posted at: https://on.doi.gov/2jE05uy. Videos are forthcoming and will be posted to BLM Nevada YouTube located at: youtube.com/user/ BLMNEVADA/playlists The gentling, saddle-training program in Carson City began in October 2000 as a cooperative effort between the Nevada Department of Corrections – Silver State Industries and the Nevada Department of Agriculture to train estray / feral horses removed from lands administered by the State of Nevada. BLM joined the partnership in 2004; through an agreement signed in 2007, and a renewed contract in 2018, the inmates now train only wild horses and burros removed from public lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management.The BLM and Northern Nevada Correctional Center (NNCC) hosts three to four public adoptions each year and all horses and burros are offered through a competitive-bi adoption process, conducted by an auctioneer. Aanimals are essentially “green broke” and will need additional daily training and handling by an experienced rider when at their new home.


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One of Nevada Great Ranches. Over 23,480 acres of deeded land which includes 23 miles of River Front on the Humboldt River. Property features 3 homes. Main home is a large 4 bedroom 3 bathroom home that includes a walk in cooler. Exceptional working cattle facility with large scale and covered hydraulic chute 2479 water righted acres with old water rights first used by Wells Fargo Stage to pasture. Private and federal grazing land. Cattle are turned out in Oct and come in to lush meadows in July.

Paradise Valley Farm/Ranch

This Farm/Ranch is a total of 1048.43 acres, w/two homes, amazing piped arena, working pens, scale house Shop, Feedlot and much much more! Farm Currently has approx 400 acres in production 85 acres is alfalfa/grass mix, and the rest is straight alfalfa approximately 1800-2000 tons a yr. There is a gorgeous 2726 sq ft 4 bedroom 2.5 bath ranch style kit home fully landscaped yard w/trees. This Farm is a must-see!

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Dixie Valley Farm For Sale

Premium Alfalfa farm for sale. 400 acre in production. Total of 554 acres of water. Room to add additional pivot. 6-8 ton per acre 5 cuttings. 3 bed, 2 bath on each side duplex. Total acres 618.030 Offered at $2,450,000.00 View Complete listings at www.ARanchBroker.com

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Checking in on Your Beef Checkoff

Consumers today have an increased interest in how cattle are raised when making food purchasing decisions. The good news for Nevada beef producers is that market research shows that consumers trust cattle producers, even if they don’t exactly know the “why” of what ranchers do in terms of animal care. That’s why it’s so important for today’s cattlemen and women feel confident in sharing their stories. In August, top beef advocates from California and Nevada came together for two days of training and development to accomplish just that. The training, made possible by the California and Nevada beef councils and the national Beef Checkoff, was intended to help further hone the skills of those who are passionate about sharing the beef community’s story with broad audiences. The workshop included spokesperson and media interview training, social media training, information about beef’s nutritional profile, how to handle tough conversations, and more. To qualify to apply for the training, attendees had to be graduates of the Masters of Beef Advocacy (MBA) program, and demonstrate why they wanted to expand on their knowledge of sharing their message through a variety of ways. The attendees included several ranchers and beef producers, some of whom already have strong social media influence. One of the participants, Jessica Anderson, runs a cow-calf operation with her husband in western Nevada. In addition to ranch life, Jessica is a program education for Cooperative Extension and former ag teacher. She chronicles her ranching experience on the blog Confessions From the 2A Ranch Wife, and feels sharing the industry’s story is an important role for producers.

PEPPER-CRUSTED TRI-TIP ROAST WITH GARLIC-SHERRY SAUCE Who doesn’t love Tri Tip? This simple recipe adds a peppery flavor to the roast with a crushed peppercorn and garlic rub, and the delicious garlic-sherry sauce adds a perfect touch. What’s more, the Nevada Beef Council currently has a rebate offer available through the Ibotta mobile app for Tri Tip roasts. Download the Ibotta app on your smart phone, find and add the Tri Tip rebate offer, purchase the beef at your favorite retailer, and you’ll qualify for cash back! The offer is only available through mid-October, so don’t wait.

INGREDIENTS: • 1 beef Tri-Tip Roast (2 pounds) • For the rub: 1 tablespoon coarsely crushed mixed peppercorns (black, white, green and pink) and 2 cloves garlic, minced • For the sauce: • 1/3 cub dry sherry • 2 cloves garlic, thinly sliced • 4 teaspoons cornstarch • 1 can (14 to 14-1/2 ounces) beef broth

38   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019

“Now more than ever, people don’t know where and how their food is raised. But they want to,” notes Anderson. “As a cattlewoman, I love sharing our story and making connections with our consumers so they see us as friends not foe. Much of what they believe is false - if we can just have a friendly conversation and show them we care as much as they do, just perhaps we can start shifting the perspective. With information so readily available via social media, we need to have a positive presence and share all the great information about our cattle industry.” “We have to share our story,” notes Anderson. “People want to know where their food comes from and how it is raised, now more than ever. I think this is a good thing. It is a way to show what we do and the love and pride that goes into it. It helps people who are removed from the ranch and farm life have a better understanding of and compassion for the challenges we face.” The MBA program was created a decade ago to help close the gap between pasture and plate by engaging beef industry advocates and equipping them to effectively communicate with consumers. The program recently achieved a milestone of 15,000 graduates, making it one of the strongest beef advocacy efforts in the industry. Each year, advocates reach tens of millions of consumers as a result of their advocacy efforts. “Participation in the MBA program is open to anyone,” says Ryan Goodman, director of grassroots advocacy and spokesperson development for the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, a contractor to the Beef Checkoff. “This includes everyone from those working in the beef industry to consumers interested in helping others learn more about beef and how cattle are raised.” To become an MBA graduate, a series of self-directed online lessons must be completed. Those lessons explore the beef lifecycle and answer questions consumers commonly ask about beef production. Once the lessons have been completed, advocates use their boosted knowledge and communication tools to conduct their own outreach. Advocates then continue to engage with the program through monthly advocacy newsletters and an exclusive Facebook community where updates are provided on the latest consumer trends and beef research. If you’re interested in further enhancing your advocacy skills, be sure to visit BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com and search “MBA”. In addition to the training itself, there is an MBA classroom kit, ideal for ag teachers interested in incorporating more beef industry information into their curriculum.

COOKING INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Preheat oven to 425°F. Combine Rub ingredients; press evenly onto all surfaces of beef roast. 2. Place roast on rack in shallow roasting pan. Do not add water or cover. Roast in 425°F oven 30 to 40 minutes for medium rare; 40 to 50 minutes for medium doneness. 3. Remove roast when instant-read thermometer registers 135°F for medium rare; 150°F for medium. Transfer roast to carving board; tent loosely with aluminum foil. Let stand 20-25 minutes. (Temperature will continue to rise about 10°F to reach 145°F for medium rare; 160°F for medium.) 4. Meanwhile, prepare sauce. Combine sherry and garlic in small saucepan; bring to a boil. Cook 1 to 2 minutes or until liquid is reduced by half. Dissolve cornstarch in broth; add to saucepan. Bring to a boil, stirring constantly; cook and stir 2 to 3 minutes or until lightly thickened. Season with salt and ground black pepper, as desired. 5. Carve half of roast across the grain into thin slices. Serve with half of sauce. Reserve remaining roast and sauce for another recipe.


Tri- County Fair Jr. Livestock Show & Sale Results Community Support shines at the Tri- County Fair Livestock Auction Words By Ashley Buckingham Photos Courtesy of: Janet Johnson Held over Labor Day weekend in conjunction with the Tri-County Fair, is the Tri- County Jr. Livestock Show and Sale. FFA and 4H members from Lander, Pershing and Humboldt counties work hard to be able to bring their livestock projects to the fair. Soon after the beginning of the year, the youth pick the animals for their livestock projects. For the next several months, they will spend hundreds of hours working with their animals to raise gentle, quality and marketable projects. They will be proud to show off these animals competing with their fellow members, and finally sell to the highest bidder. Throughout the show year, members must keep records of their expenses, daily activities, hardships faced, and feed- ration logs. The sale of the projects is always held on the final Sunday morning of Fair. The auction draws support from the local communities. Selling their project animals helps members save up money usually for their college educations. The Tri-County Jr. Livestock Show also awards scholarships each year. The funding for these scholarships comes from the sale of the “Scholarship Animals”. This year, the scholarship swine donated by CTL Swine weighed 267 lbs and was purchased for $2.50/lb. The scholarship lamb donated by the Cerri Family weighed 139 lbs and was purchased for $14/lb by The Martin Hotel. The second scholarship swine, donated by Brenton Baker, weighed 210 lbs and was purchased for $3.40/lb by Don and Darlene Jones. The auction continues with the sale of the grand champion swine, exhibited by Mattie Rose Johnson weighing 278 lbs, sold for $7.40/lb to Sage Petroleum. The grand champion lamb, exhibited by Makenzie Voges weighing 154lbs, sold for $15.25/lb to Khoury’s Market. The grand champion beef exhibited by Weston Noyes weighing 1,289 lbs sold for $5.40/lb to

Northern NV Concrete & Manson Ranch. The sale continued with reserve champion swine exhibited by Layton Johnson, weighing 273 lbs, sold for $5/lb to Simplot. The reserve champion lamb exhibited by Tyann Kern, weighing 149 lbs, sold for $8.75/lb to Big O Tires. The reserve champion beef exhibited by Tristan Cassinelli weighing 1,301 lbs, sold for $4.90lbs to Northern NV Concrete & Stoney Basin. Topping the auction for the swine was a blue ribbon swine, exhibited by Isaac Mori, weighing 296 lbs, sold for $11.10/lb to Nuffer Fencing. All other top prices were brought by the animals holding the grand champion titles. There was approximately 70 hd of livestock sold. A huge thank you to the businesses and community members who made the 2019 show and sale a success. The final portion of this educational experience is the carcass contest. The carcass results provide information and evaluations as to how these livestock projects grade based off of grading guidelines. These guidelines vary by species but include factors such as rib-eye size, marbling, loin eye area and back fat content. The carcass contest will be held on October 30th, 2019. Presenters will be Brad Schultz, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Humboldt County Extension Educator and Sarah Baker, M.S. Associate Extension Professor, University of Idaho, Extension. Mark your calendars for the 2020 Tri- County Jr. Livestock show on Saturday, September 5th and sale on Sunday, September 6th This is a great opportunity to support your local youth and fill your freezer with delicious meat for the year. If you aren’t needing the meat, but still want to support the member, there is an “add-on” option to donate as well.

Left to right, Grand Champion Lamb. Makenzie Voges. Grand Champion Beef, Weston Noyes. Grand Champion Swine, Mattie Rose Johnson

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How does the Ranch Woman fit into Proverbs 31 By Norma Elliott A good ranch wife…. who can find? She is worth far more than turquoise, The high dollar cutting horse, Or registered bull. 11 Her husband has full confidence in her.. To hold the mad cow from barrelling through The gate... He’s never short a ranch hand. 12 She brings him good, not harm, even when his personality Totally changes when he’s working cattle... and She must resist bringing along A frying pan to make the deal fare…. all the days of her life. 13 She has vaccines and brands and works with eager hands. 14 She is able to pack a lunch in the back seat of a Pick up and haul it down Ranch roads…. To pens near and far. , 15 She gets up while it is still night; she provides food for the crew and a few scraps for the dogs. 16 She considers a lease and stocks it with bred

cows; out of her earnings she buys feed, fuel, pays day workers, and vet bills But makes enough for another years lease. 17 She sets about her work vigorously; Even if she rides the outside in the gather. Her arms are strong for her tasks As she brands with one hand and Holds a baby with the other. 18 She sees that her trading is profitable, and bottle feeds a doggie calf all Hours of the day and night 19 In her hand she holds the reins and spurs her horse to catch up In the gather. 20 She opens her arms to the poor and extends her hands to the needy And gives them a job On the ranch 21 When it’s cold, she has already ordered Scotch caps and has extra Wildrags and slickers on hand; for no cowboy or cowgirl is without gear. 22 She makes coverings for her bed; Or orders them from Rod’s or

From Big Bend Saddlery. she is clothed in leggins, boots and a cowboy hat. 23 Her husband is respected at the feed store, where he takes his seat amongst the ranch folks. 24 She makes extra income however she can To supplement until the sell Of Fall calves, 25 She is strong from unloading feedsacks; she can laugh at the many uses of A come-a-long. 26 She speaks with wisdom, and watches the cattle market for the Right time to sell and buy. 27 She watches over the affairs of her household and does not eat the bread at the church social that Margaret made...knowing her barn floor Is cleaner than Margaret’s kitchen . 28 Her children arise and call her a hand; her husband also, and he buys her new work gloves To show his appreciation: 29 “Many women do noble things, but you surpass them all.” 30 Charm is deceptive, and beauty is fleeting; but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised. 31 Honor her for all that her hands have done, Because they do not look like the Hands of the city gal..all polished and Unscathed...they show their wear…. and let her works bring her a nice shiny buckle at next ranch rodeo. You can read what Prov. 31:10-31 really says...I mean no disrespect in the making of this ranch wife version. I am just a gal over here trying to be the best Prov. 31 woman that I can be.

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Western Tack Hacks

NOT SO

If you Google “tack hacks,” you’ll discover that most of the ingenious solutions apply to English riders. What the heck? We western riders also have cool ideas to solve everyday tack problems in a pinch! The West wasn’t settled by flat-saddle riders wearing velvet helmets; cowboys and girls are a resourceful bunch known to make minor tack repairs while riding over the desert at a full gallop. Commentary by Well, maybe that’s a stretch. We Jolyn Young at least slow down to a lope. But regardless of the speed you like to ride while fixing your gear, here are a few tack hacks that I have collected. Feel free to add your favorite tip or trick in the comments. 1)Put strips of the hook part of hook-and-loop closure (aka “the stiff side of Velcro”) on the inside of your horse trailer’s tack room door or along a convenient spot in your home tack room. Then, stick your splint boots to them when not in use for a handy and clean storage place. 2) Using a leather hole punch, put small holes around the top of your rubber bell boots for easier application and removal. 3) If you can’t find your curb strap, use a short piece of baling twine as a temporary fix. It will help your bit deliver the intended signal until you can replace your curb strap with a real one. 4) Tie an Easy Boot onto the back of your saddle with your saddle strings in case your horse throws a shoe while on your next trail ride. It’s light and easy to pack,

Desolate Ranch Wife

All In A Day’s Ride

Back in ‘59

I have known a lot of women in the ranching / agricultural field, this one in particular made for a good story. It goes like this. It was the winter of “59”, 2 feet of snow an 20 below, I had a job, pitcin hay to 350 head of cattle for $5.00 a day and board & room. I was looking over the fence really bad, I had seen Commentary by some stories in a magazine of those David W. Glaser “Sandy beaches and purty girls” in California. I called an old friend, a cattle buyer, Mr. Hill, said; get me a job in sunny California, I want outa this cold country. He called me back, “Well David I got you a job in California, but he needs two cowboys, you got anyone that would go with you?” “Yes Sir Mr. Hill, I’ll call him tonight.” I replied. Next morning, we loaded my “56” Chevy hard top and headed south. Yeeehaaaaw, California here we come, goodbye Elko County, 20 below, an 2 feet of snow. We were headed south, visualizing green grass, pretty California girls and warm sunny beaches. Our route took us through Las Vegas; we drove out of the snow just before we got into Vegas. We stopped for a rest and to take in the Bright Lights, tried to buy an Adult beverage, no luck, I was 18, Sonny 19. A look at the map told us we were about 90 miles from our destination; go to the town of Nipton, California then go 25 miles further to the OX Cattle Co. headquarters. When we got to Nipton, which was just a wide spot in the road, it was getting dark and starting to snow. When we pulled into the ranch it was real dark and the Chevy was bucking snow. Our dreams vanished like pipe smoke. There was a light on in the cook shack and pretty soon an outside light came on too. We wadded through the snow and went inside. Our greeter was the cook, Alma. Alma is very hard to describe, guess it would be best to compare her to a Nevada Wino Wagon cook, cept she was a Female! She defiantly was not one of those Pretty California girls! Alma was wearing some kinda baggie dress, looked like a flowered flour sack with holes cut for the head an arms, on her feet were flip flops. Her feet looked like she had walked here from Africa and the hair on her legs was long enough to braid, hadn’t seen a razor in 10 years, bout the same time she had last combed her hair. She sure was glad to see us, she leaped at Sonny and gave him a big hug, I ducked behind the stove. We laid out our bed rolls in the bunkhouse, there were no Sugar Plums dancing in our heads that night; out of the snow right back into it …. just didn’t seem right! Much to our delight in the morning the snow

and it will help prevent your horse from getting a stone bruise or abscess on rocky ground. 4) Wash off your horse’s back thoroughly before saddling to prolong the life of your saddle blankets and prevent sore spots from developing on his back due to hardened blankets. Just take a garden hose and rinse him off in the warm months, especially targeting the loin area. You’ll be amazed at how much muddy water will run down his sides. 5) Next time your horse has a hoof abscess, you can secure the poultice of your choice to his injured appendage with a baby diaper. Fasten the tabs around his fetlock, then reinforce the bandage with an extra layer of vet wrap. 6) Don’t you hate it when you’re grooming your horse or cleaning your trailer and you just really want to rock out, but then you realize it’s 2019 and you don’t have a boom box? To create an instant speaker, place your smartphone or iPod inside an empty plastic feed or water bucket and crank up the tunes. Just remember to remove the electronic device before returning the bucket to its original use. 7) To spruce up a roughout saddle or pair of boots, clean and oil the leather as usual. Then, gently use an emery board or a piece of fine-grain sandpaper to fluff up the roughout fibers. Same old question: “Did you break a nail?” Cowgirl’s new answer: “Nope, just cleaning my saddle.” 8) If you have a bedroll, make your next set of straps from two brand-new latigos with buckles on the end. Then, if you’re out at cow camp and your latigo breaks, you have two spares. 9) When your latigo wears out right at the ring of your rigging, cut it off at the very top. Then, fold it over the ring again, punch some new holes to secure it to the rigging, and voila – you’re ready to safely saddle up and go for a ride. 10) If you’re a roper, save your old worn-out horn wraps. Later, you can cut strips from them to repair headstalls, spur straps, cinch hobble, stirrup hobbles, etc. in a pinch. was mostly gone, remember this was the High California desert. Alma served us up a breakfast of toast and eggs and BOILED meat, I think it was some sort of steak. She asked Sonny, who had now become her favorite, what he liked for dessert. He said he really was fond of Banana Cream pie. Sure, enough that night she made us a Banana Cream pie and Boiled steak and potatoes. Meal was okay, never had a Boiled Rib Eye before, the pie however was uneatable. Right out of the box, which had an expiration date June 1949, you know the kind, tastes just like powdered laundry soap. We were at the headquarters for bout a week getting out horses ready to go to Lake Havasu to take care of 1500 head of Mexican steers. Alma was all excited, thought she was going to go be our camp cook. I told the boss if you send her, I’m going back to Nevada. She said she was going to quit. We loaded up and left, sans Alma! Meanwhile back at headquarters, Alma had missed the stage to Las Vegas and it was branding time at the ranch. After a couple months in a camp on the desert, I was looking forward to seeing another human besides Sonny. Alma had heard we were coming and had even combed her hair, she was really glad to see us and especially, Sonny as no one there would eat her desert. Curly was especially glad too, as he taught Alma how to Fry the Beef! After the initial greeting everyone seemed a bit standoffish, finally Curly said, “You know you boys been out there on the Indian land for 6 - 8 weeks, it kinda smells like you ain’t shaved or showered since you left.” Danged if he wasn’t right, I looked in the mirror and at Sonny, we both had beards. Think I stood in the shower for an hour. To celebrate Alma said she would drive, if we would buy, we all piled in her 0ld 47 green Nash Rambler and headed to the closest pub, 30 miles away to a little town called Amboy on Route 66, to the Dead Burro bar. Boy did we party, I think I might have even danced with the ol girl. Not the huggy, slow kind, mind you! They closed her down and kicked us out, Alma said she was good to drive, so Sonny & Curly took the back seat and immediately were out. I climbed in the passenger seat, leaned back an closed my eyes. Alma revered her up and peeled out of the parking lot in a cloud of dust. The road to the ranch goes about a half mile turns right, crosses the Santa Fe RR Tracks, goes about a half mile turns left and then right across the desert, up the mountain to the ranch. We were speeding right along, when my head started bouncing off the post in the car. Bounce, Bounce, Bounce, woke me up, I looked up, we were going right down the Santa Fe Railroad track, the main line. Whoa!!!!! Alma, you missed the turn! Once you’re straddling the tracks, you are screwed; only way to get off is to back all the way to the crossing, which was a half mile away. The good Lord protects kids, fools and drunk Cowboys and Cooks. You’ll never guess who backed to the crossing and drove the 30 miles to the headquarters! It’s all in a Day’s Ride! Contact David to purchase his book dhranch3@gmail.com or call 208-989-5404

THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019 41


Tire troughs for sale, 8', 12' and 13' water troughs. Call Walter Wilson for pricing 775-427-1523

Financing Available. Great rates for New and Used Equipment! 2019 MF Hesston WR9980, w/ 9296 Header...... Starting at $181,000

2019 Massey Hesston 2270, 3x4 Baler, Made in the USA! ..... Starting at $138,000.

Windrowers 2006 Hesston 9260, S/N 6301 .................................................................................. $44,300 2018 MF Heston WR9980 with 9295 Rotary Header, S/N 4339/4328 ....................$173,000 2019 MF Hesston WR9970 with 9295 Rotary Header, s/n 3147/4183 ....................$170,000

Tractors 2018 MF GC Compact Tractors,4WD................................................ Starting at $14,000 2018 MF 1739 EHL Tractor 4WD................... ........................................................... $22,500 2019 MF GC Compact Tractor, 4WD with loader. ............................. Starting at $15,000 2019 MF4709 Tractor w/ Loader................................................................................ $56,800

Big Balers

2009 Hesston 2190, S/N 1295 4x4 Baler .................................................................. $41,000 2006 Hesston 4790, 3x4 Baler, s/n 4160................................................................... $36,000 2006 Challenger LB34 Baler, s/n 4231. .................................................................... $37,600 2002 Newholland BB960 Baler, s/n 3014..................................................................$15,000

Rakes

H&S HDII overhead 17 wheel (new), ready to go...................................................... $29,000

42   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019

SMITH VALLEY GARAGE Wellington, Nevada (775) 465-2287

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RENTAL/USED TRACTORS

2014 CaseIH Magnum 235CVT, 1700 hrs, 195 hp, GPS, Luxury cab.........................…..$126,200

2014 Magnum 280CVT, 235 PTO HP, GPS, suspended axle, 380R54, 1400 hrs ......... $167,033 1994 Case IH Maxxum 5250, 2wd, rebuilt engine and PTO ............................................ $37,500

2014 CaseIH Magnum 260CVT, 1800 hrs, 215 hp, GPS, Luxury cab........................…...$132,500 2014 Maxxum 125, 105 PTO HP, MFD, 1863 hrs.......................................................…...ON RENT 1995 CaseIH 7230 Magnum 170 PTO HP, MFD, Dauls, 5900 hrs.............................……$42,500 2014 Magnum 280 Powershift, 1050 hrs, front & rear duals.......................................……$142,000 MISCELLANEOUS

Koenig 450 Subsoiler, 5 shanks, steel wheels, hitch……...................................................NEW Parma 15 ft. Double Roller, Hydraulic Lift, Gooseneck Hitch ..........................................$19,096 Case IH 530C, Ecolotiger, One Pass Tillage, 5 Shanks ..................................................$39,590

Horsch MT-15 Joker, 3pt, high speed disc, 13’4” working width….................................…$33,671

Great Plains 18 ft, TurboMax, Hydraulic Adjustable Turbo Coulters ................................ON RENT Kuhn SR112 Rakes - 4 in inventory ..............................................................................$4,000-4,800 Great Plains 1500 Notill Drill with precision vert. hitch….....................................................Call Elston GA800 Heavy Duty, Gopher Killer ............................................................................$4,725 Koenig Finish Ripper with Wings, Rear Crumbler, Hitch .....................................................$18,995 Koenig Ring Rollers, 14 and 16 foot, In Stock ....................................................................CALL Mil-Stak pull type 6 bale stacker, model 1850.....................................................................$61,276 2019 Darf 1017 wheel rake, gooseneck hitch, 7-function valve..........................................$34,382 2019 Rowse Ultimate 16 tine wheel rake w/ hydraulic valve...............................................$33,517 Horsch MT-20 Joker, 20ft, JUST ARRIVED.........................................................................CALL CaseIH 770 12 ft Disk, good condition.................................................................................$8,500 NEW Kuhn VT168 Vertical Mixer, left and right discharge...................................................$54,000


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Antelope Peak Ranch

220 deeded acres with approx. 126 with surface water 5,300 deeded plus BLM permit attached to ranch. 5 rights out of Smith Creek. Great homesite already carved center pivot’s irrigating approx. 583 acres plus another 28 out of the hill above the meadows with well and trees acres with surface water rights out of large spring. Three planted. On county maintained road approx. 30 miles out homes plus shop and other outbuildings. 1 land owner of Elko. Elk Tag. This Elko Co. ranch offered. REDUCED Price: $650,000.

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Just a few miles out of Pioche, Nevada. This ranch is 700+ acres and has approx.340 water righted acres out of underground And surface water sources. Currently has 3 pivots and some handlines. Ranch has been getting from 1 to 6 landowner Mule Deer tags Each year.

Elko Area River Property with Water Rights

650 deeded acres of which approximately 300 acres have surface water rights out of the Humboldt. Humboldt River splits it. Access at the Ryndon Exit. Price: $950,000.

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Market Report

44   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019


Auction Directory Get the most up-to-date market reports by visiting these websites NEVADA Nevada Livestock Marketing LLC Sale every Wednesday 1025 North Allen Road, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 423-7760 Fax: (775) 423-1813 www.nevadalivestock.us • Fallon Livestock LLC Sale every Tuesday 2055 Trento Lane, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 867-2020 Fax: (775) 867-2021 www.fallonlivestock.com • Superior Livestock Auction Load-lots of cattle sold via satellite and the Internet Northern Nevada

Representative Allie Bear (775) 738-8534 www.superiorlivestock.com

CALIFORNIA Shasta Livestock Auction Yard Sale every Friday Cottonwood, California Office: (530) 347-3793 Fax: (530) 347-0329 www.shastalivestock.com • Cattlemen’s Livestock Market Sale every Wednesday 12495 E. Stockton Blvd., Galt, California Office: (209) 745-1515 www.clmgalt.com

IDAHO Producers Livestock Marketing Assn.

11 South 100 West, Jerome, Idaho Office: (208) 324-4345 Cattle auction every Tuesday; dairy auction every-other Wednesday www.producerslivestock.com • Treasure Valley Livestock Auction Beef sale every Friday; General sale every other Saturday 1901 E. Chicago, Caldwell, Idaho Office: (208) 459-7475; (800) 788-4429 treasurevalleylivestock.com • Twin Falls Livestock Commission

www.twinfallslivestock.com Office: (208) 733-7474 630 Commercial Ave. Twin Falls, ID

OREGON Producers Livestock Marketing Sale every Wednesday P.O. Box 67, Vale, Oregon Office: (541) 473-3136 www.producerslivestock.com • Central Oregon Livestock Auction Sale Every Monday 3457 S.W. Hwy. 97 Madras, Oregon Office: (541) 475-3851 www.centraloregonlivestock

Livestock Auction Services SALE EVERY WEDNESDAY! Jack Payne, Mgr.: 775-217-9273 Carey Hawkins: 208-724-6712 Office: 775-423-7760

SALE EVERY TUESDAY 2055Trento Lane, Fallon, NV 89406 (775) 867-2020 - Fax (775) 867-2021 FallonLivestock.com - Email FallonLivestock@gmail.com Tommy Lee, Owner (775) 741-4523 office (775) 217-2259

SALE October 10, 2019 Video Auction Consigment Deadline Sept. 7 October 24, 2019 Video Auction Consigment Deadline Oct. 14

THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019 45


SOLD OUT

46   THE NEVADA RANCHER – OCTOBER 2019


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