Nevada Rancher Magazine November 2019

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November, 2019 11

Oldest Independent Livestock Monthly in Nevada


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Read back issues digitally: The Nevada Rancher (ISSN 0047-9489) (USPS #003-257) Published monthly at Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445 Call us toll free at (866) 644-5011 Periodical Postage Paid at Winnemucca, 89445

Publisher, Peter Bernhard Editor and Design, Ashley Buckingham Staff Writer, Jennifer Whiteley Contributors, Heather Smith Thomas, David Glaser, Norma Elliot, and Jolyn Young. Sales Representative Ashley Buckingham Office Manager, Tracy Wadley

Many of us use the month of November to reflect on what they are thankful for. I am thankful for the amazing readers and advertisers this magazine has aquired. We will have some changes coming. Our publication will now be BIGGER! Larger pages means more amazing stories and room for more advertising. Our prices will not increase with this upgrade. Included in BobiRose riding “Neal” and Jesse Huttman riding “Batman” this issue is our 2020 photo calendar. wait their turns at the Buster Miller Memorial Jr. Rodeo in Battle Pick up an extra copy of the calendar Mountain, NV. ily, your mama cows preg-check bred, and at J.M. Capriola’s storefront in Elko, NV. that your belly is full of delicious food over Please stop by our booth during the Nevada Thanksgiving. Cattlemen’s Convention in Elko! I pray you always cherish time with your fam-


Inside This Issue: On the CoverTim Maher riding his Jeff Hanson saddle on his horse named “Playboy”. Pictured is a traditional “gear” setup. The bridle is a Las Cruces built by Jim Dunlap Bit and Spur. Rawhide reins by Jose Ortiz paired with a parachute cord get down. Photo By: Nicole Poyo Photography

Production Manager, Joe Plummer Advertising Designer, Emily Swindle

I hope you enjoy this issue.



J.M Capriola’s Celebrates 90th Anniversary page 12 Meet Gear Maker, Jeff Minor - page 14 Winter Roping Camps - page 22 w Van Norman and Friends Horse Sale and Youth Branding Results - page 30 Marketing your Cattle - page 36 ........and more!


The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for statements by advertisers nor products advertised within, and The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for opinions expressed in articles submitted for publication. The publisher reserves the right to accept or reject advertising or editorial material submitted for publication. Con-

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POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: The Nevada Rancher, Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445



S p o n so

: red By

John and Audrey Wright Photo By: Nicole Poyo

2019 NCA Annual Convention and Trade Show The Nevada Cattlemen’s Association Annual Convention is right around the corner! We have an engaging line up of speakers and events that will surely keep you informed and up to date with issues that impact our industry. This year’s theme is “Marketing your Cattle” with the second General session bringing that topic to life. We will have a panel of professionals that will give a brief a description of their operations and what they’re looking for when they buy cattle. There will be ample time for questions and answer and an open dialogue about the things on your mind when you market your cattle. For our inspirational breakfast, our keynote speaker will be Ethan Lane, former PLC Executive Director and current NCBA Vice President of Government Affairs. Ethan will be giving updates on what the NCBA is doing for us as well as what they are diligently working on in Washington D.C. At Convention, not only the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association (NCA) members are in attendance, but members of the Nevada Land Action Association (NLAA), Nevada CattleWomen, Inc., Nevada Woolgrowers, Central Grazing Committee, vendors that provide services to the beef cattle industry and guest speakers to celebrate the Nevada Livestock Industry. NCA staff and officers are working hard to provide a memorable and educational experience. Come to convention and learn more about how NCA is working to increase public awareness of the Nevada livestock industry. Along with the general sessions, committee meetings take place to set policies. This is a chance for you to provide input to a committee chairman on any changes to a policy or a new policy

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that affects our industry and way of life. By participating, it is a great way to get involved and have your voice be heard in the policy-making process. As always, top government and industry officials will be on hand to participate in the discussions and answer questions. Registration for convention is on our website and has been sent out by mail and email. If you are interested in attending and would like more information please call the office at 1-775738-9214 or email nca@nevadabeef. org. The forms for exhibit booths and sponsorships have been sent out. If you did not receive these forms and wish to receive one please contact us, we would be happy to send one to you. The Nevada Cattlemen’s Association would like to thank the sponsors and exhibitors for helping make our event a success. Committees met on October 18th at the NCA office located 542 Commercial St. Suite 2A in Elko, NV, to discuss new issues or resolutions to be proposed at convention and review past resolutions. These meetings take place to set policies. This is a chance for you to provide input to a committee chairman on any changes to a policy or a new policy that affects our industry and way of life. By participating it is a great way to get involved and have your voice be heard in the policy-making process. For more information on each committee, please contact the Committee Chairs or the NCA Executive Director.

Hello from Cow Country By Sam Mori President, NV Cattlemen’s Assoc.

My sincere hope you are all having a great fall. It is a rewarding time of the year and a time to enjoy the fruit of the harvest. We all deal with many challenges throughout the year, so it is so satisfying to see the results of our toil. The Nevada Cattlemen’s Association is still in the planting process of many seeds we hope will produce a good result for membership and our industry. We have been engaged in issues that include Fake Meat, Trade, Grazing Regulation Rewriting, Fire, Lahontan Cutthroat Trout Recovery Plans, Nevada Dept. of Agriculture Activities, Water Rights, Access Across Private Property, and many, many more items that our businesses deal with daily. Most of the things that pertain to ranching and farming in Nevada and the west will be addressed and discussed at our annual Nevada Cattlemen’s Convention in Elko on November 20-23rd. Please come join us for an educational opportunity and a good time. Your input is so very important to the direction of our industry and way of life.

This is the last time I will have the opportunity to write this article as I will be retiring on November 22nd as your President. Feel very good that incoming President Tom Barnes and his fellow leadership team of Jon Griggs and Hanes Holman will do an excellent job for us all. We also have very capable people nominated to fill the 2nd Vice-President position. It has been a very humbling responsibility to represent the most wonderful people in the world as your President. I have been ever so fortunate to have had the greatest leadership team as my partners in many challenges, thank you is inadequate to express my appreciation to you all. Thank you to our office staff for all you have done for me and our membership. In closing, I want to thank my family and our staff led by my brother Pete for allowing me to serve as NCA President. Your contribution to our association is huge. Most of all friends, thank you to each and every one of you who help make our industry and this world a better place. May God Bless You!

To see a tentative schedule of convention, please see look online at our website. We are constantly updating it. We look forward to seeing you all at convention!

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Interested in having your item featured as part of our Ranch Journal? Contact Ashley Buckingham at (775) 304-8814

Bits- Get them in time for Christmas! J.M. Capriola Co is the “Home of the Original Garcia Bits and Spurs�. Capriola’s is the only place where you can get original Garcia bits and spurs with a certificate of authenticity. For more information on G.S. Garcia and the Garcia Bit and Spur Company please see the history portion of our website. • 888-738-5816 500 Commercial St., Elko, NV 89801 Find us on Facebook and Instagram


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JEAN THOMAS Jean Thomas (73) passed away peacefully at her home in Paradise Valley, Nevada on Saturday, September 28, 2019. Jean was born in Oakland, California on June 1, 1946 to Thomas and Anne Underwood. She grew up in San Francisco and attended San Francisco City College until she moved to the family ranch in Paradise Valley with her parents in 1965. She worked on the ranch with her parents and in 1968, she married Keith Thomas. Their first daughter, Cheryl was born in 1969, followed by Kristee born in 1974. Jean loved Paradise Valley and the ranch they lived on. Often calling it the “Most Beautiful Place on Earth”.

Jean loved cooking at the Stonehouse. She cooked there since the Stonehouse became a bed and breakfast. She loved to celebrate guests’ happy events with them. Jean enjoyed painting and had some shows with her work at the Art Gallery in Winnemucca. She loved to crochet, sew, knit and quilt. Her garden was beautiful, she could grow anything! She loved playing bridge with the girls and pinochle with the Winnemucca Ladies Booster Club. Jean is preceded in death by her parents; Tom and Anne Underwood, husband; Keith Thomas and her daughter Cheryl. She is survived by her daughter Kristee (Toby) Brinkerhoff, grandaughters; Bailee and Bryce, her sister; Sue Hall, nieces; Lori Marshall, Karen Vanduren and Hillie Johnson. Friends came often to visit and when they left they were part of the family. Jean’s contagious laugh would light up a room. She had a loving and warm personality and found joy in everything. Jean will be missed by all. Respecting Jean’s wishes there will be no services.

BRIAN P. SKINNER Bryan P Skinner, 30, passed away September 19, 2019 due to injuries from a horse falling with him. Bryan graduated from Elko High then pursued an Associate’s in diesel technology from Great Basin College. He went on to work as a drill/ shovel mechanic and welder for 13 years at Goldstrike. It was at work that Bryan was introduced to his wife, Jessica Jones. Bryan was an avid hunter, heck of a fly fisherman, loved to swing a rope, had decent taste in beer, and helped anyone who needed it. Mostly, he was a man who loved his family and would go to the ends of the earth for his friends. He will be missed and not forgotten. Bryan is survived by his wife Jessica, son Quaide; daughter, Quincey parents, Dan and Echo Skinner; sister, Jolene (Adam) (Taylor) Kemerer, and a large extended family.

FRED STEWART Born December 22, 1959 in Winnemucca, Nevada Passed away September 23, 2019 in Paradise Valley, Nevada Fred was the only child of Leslie and Marie Stewart. He was named for his paternal great grandfather Fredrich Wilhelm Stock, who founded the family’s 1864 Paradise Valley ranching operation now known as the Ninety-Six Ranch. Fred was the fourth generation of his family to steward the iconic Great Basin ranching operation. Fred grew up on the ranch, and started going out with wagon for spring and summer on the range at age five. He attended the two room Paradise Valley School through grade 8, and then transferred in to Lowry High School. While a Lowry Buckaroo, Fred was an honor student who represented Lowry at Boy’s State, was a state champion shot putter, played football and earned a full athletic scholarship to Boise State University. He was a standout defensive end for the Boise State Broncos. After BSU, Fred attended Wyo Tech and completed their doctor of motors program. Fred loved fast cars and built three dragsters from gas through Top Alcohol. He was also a student of history and enjoyed collecting firearms. He loved music and was a huge fan of AC-DC. In recent years he taught himself to play guitar and regaled his family with his rockin versions of his favorite AC-DC tunes as well as his favorite old western songs. Fred married his wife

Kris in 1993, and in 1997, they welcomed daughter Patrice Marie. Fred, Kris and Patrice worked the ranch along with Fred’s parents Leslie and Marie. Fred’s greatest hero, his dad Les, passed in 2006, and his beloved mom in 2018. Kris and Fred carried on running the ranch themselves and have enjoyed following Patrice throughout her junior, high school, college and pro-rodeo careers. Fred and Patrice also team roped together at rodeos like the Jordan Valley Big Loop. Fred was a volunteer fireman for over 25 years, a member of the County game board for over 20 years, a founding director of the Humboldt River Basin Water Authority, a director of the Buckaroo Hall of Fame as well as the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association. Fred is survived by his wife of 26 years, Kris, daughter Patrice, sisters Debbie Stewart and Darlene Root (Frank), cousins Chris DeYoung(Joel) and Tim DeYoung(Leslie), mother in law Barbara Cook, sister in law Kelley Bell(Tom Donaldson), brother in law Dan Bell(Theresa), Brother in law Joe Cook(Jill), nephews Shane Bell, Brad Kaser, Frank, John and Jake Root, nieces Carly Bell, Amber Farris, Jennie Miller and Lana Gallant, Jessica, Melissa and Ashley Cook.. He also left behind a lifetime of wonderful friends. Donations in his memory are welcome at Paradise Valley Building Fund, care of Gary Echevarria, Paradise Valley NV 89426, the Cowboy Christian Fellowship, care of Wade Black, Treasure Valley Community College, 650 College Blvd, Ontario, Oregon 97914. Kris and Patrice wish to acknowledge the friendship, kindness and compassion of Shouping Li, MD and PHd and Dietrich Von Feldmann, MD. Our love and faith remain stronger than our grief. We wholeheartedly believe that the greatest tribute to Fred’s memory is gratitude for the lifetime of memories we share. We live in the surety of faith in our loving, living Savior that we will be together again. “He’s still out there riding fences Still makes his living with his rope As long as there’s a sunset He’ll keep riding for the brand You just can’t see him from the road” Chris Ledoux

DENNIS ROY DEBRAGA Dennis Roy deBraga passed away on Oct 5, 2019. He was born on Oct 6, 1933 in Still Water, NV. He is survived by his wife of 22 years, Franci deBraga, a son DV deBraga, daughter Shelly deBraga and step daughter Wendy Ricketts (Tim). Six grandchildren, Dennis Williams (Lindsey), Sage Hill (Scott), Steven Milich ( Hailey), Laura Katsaris (Jesse), Sierra Mullen and Tad Milich. Seven great-grand children, Giana, Grayson, Liam, Samuel, Joelle, Casey and Kade.

SLOW IS FAST – THE BRANNAMAN PRO-AM VAQUERO ROPING The Richest Ranch Roping in the World Words By: William Reynolds Photos By: Nicole Poyo Since 2013, the contemporary world of vaquero horsemanship has met in the small, Central California town of Santa Ynez on the third weekend of October to compete and celebrate the time-honored art of stock handling. This is not a team roping. Entries for the Brannaman Pro-Am Vaquero Roping consist of three person teams – two “amateurs” and a “pro.” Teams must separate a designated (numbered) steer from a herd, head and heel the animal and then – with care – take it to the ground as if to be “doctored” – all as gently as possible but within a timed period and with everything being judged for accuracy, horsemanship, speed and - care for the animal. At this event, slow is fast. Ropers of all levels of capability are encouraged to enter as legacy traditions, such as this type of cattle work cannot continue without new people joining in. Everyone who enters has an even shot at winning part of the largest purse in ranch roping. The Brannaman Pro-Am Vaquero Roping has become the “richest” – meaning best payout – ranch roping in the country. Here’s how it started. Ten years ago, the concept of a “ProAm” ranch roping event was a little idea horseman Buck Brannaman had been thinking about during his travels around the country doing horsemanship and ranch roping clinics. He was a proponent of ranch roping techniques that involved many of the long-rope “loops” developed and perfected by the Pacific Slope region’s early vaqueros and roping enthusiasts who valued the gentle approaches used on ranches to doctor cattle outside. This approach is the basis for Brannaman’s ranch roping clinics and how he operates his own ranch. He figured if he could bring together a group significant ropers who also followed this approach, he might be able to then put these “Pros” together with “Amateur” two person teams and create a draw-style, pro-am roping similar in design to a pro-am golf tournament. It took some doing. “It made sense to look at this idea over several years as I didn’t want to launch it until I figured out any down-side aspects and to make sure all the designated pro ropers could get away from their work to participate,” Buck remembers. “Once we got all that figured out, it was a no-brainer to put it in Santa Ynez as it would have the right weather for the time we all could do it (October) and it’s an important area in the development of the California bridle horse culture. It all fit.” So Buck, his friend Bill Reynolds – and Buck’s daughter Reata - put together the first Pro-Am in 2013. We started with a

Special to the Rancher sign-up model that was initially mail driven – first delivered, first in. Two member teams would enter to secure a spot, and then we would pull their “Pro” partner’s name out of a hat the day before the event. It worked but was pretty time intensive. Reata stepped in and created the entire entry set-up online in 2015 and it succeeded way more efficiently. She designated a certain day and time when entries would be accepted and entries filled in thirty minutes(!) This was more like tickets going on sale for a Rolling Stones concert than a roping! Beyond the event itself, there is a vendor show and a unique craft show that has been curated, for several years, by silversmith and wonder-woman, Nevada Watt. The Fusion Show and Sale has been a huge cultural addition to an already culture laden event. Subtitled “Creativity within Constraints,” the Fusion show is presented with a specific set of subject parameters – 2017’s show was all about hats and hat adornments. The first show in 2015 was about bridles and 2016 was about price points – do anything for a sale price not to exceed $2500. Part of the sales dollars goes into the pot for the winning teams. Everything about the Pro-Am is designed to support the teams as many have saved all year and come great distances just to be there. The Pro-Am is a “non-profit” in the truest sense of the word. All money from entries and sponsors goes to putting the roping and on and paying out to the winners. In a matter of four days one hundred fifty teams and their families, vendors, and spectators (spectating and parking are FREE!) descend on the Santa Ynez Valley Equestrian Association center, put on an event and leave but during that time – a community is created. And that sense of community continues after the event in the hearts of those who come and that is exactly the point. In creating the atmosphere he wanted for the event, Buck designed a unique arena set-up for the roping pens. “We wanted to be true to the mission of having as many spectators as possible see what it’s all about up close and not separated from the competitors,” Buck explains. “We set up two pens divided by the judges stand so we could have both pens going at the same time – with two judges – each one watching a pen. Visit to learn more about this event. Follow them on Facebook too!

Editor’s note: The NV Rancher Magazine was able to attend the 2019 Pro-Am Roping. There were many Nevada women and men competing. It was announced that the 2020 roping will take place in Corning, CA! We are very proud of all the ropers.

Top Horse Award- Buck Brannaman and Tim Maher with his mare “Gin”. Receiving this prestigious award is a great honor. This horse and rider were fun to watch work over the weekend.

1st Place Winning Team: Pictured L-R: Reata Brannaman, Woody Harney, Tanner Haviland, Cody Gill and Buck Brannaman. Earning a total of 96 points in 7 minutes and 15 seconds. Calcutta winner was Paul Padilla.

Junior Youth Roping Winner: Nate Thompson from Kings River, NV

2nd Place with 96 points in 7 minutes and 51 seconds: Kadin Waddel, Scott Helney and Lyman Clark

4th Place with 91 points in 8 minutes and 21 seconds: Wade Shoemaker, Sean Sowa, and Ross O’ Sullivan

3rd Place with 91 points in 5 minutes and 28 seconds: Will Knight, Junior Harney, and Lorenzo Lauracia

View more results at

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J.M. Capriola The guardian of tradition celebrates 90 years of saddle making excellence. Photos and Words By: Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine ELKO, Nev.—“Handmade quality. Capriola saddles are built to last.” This year marks 90 years since Joseph Martin Capriola opened J.M. Capriola Co. in an old adobe building at 500 Commercial Street in Elko. “The trademark slogan represents our company,” Susan Wright, co-owner alongside husband John, said. “Since 1929, we have kept and preserved the historic traditions in which century old cowboy gear has been made. From start to finish, each product we make is made just as it was 100 years ago by one craftsman from start to finish on every product. Not only is this trademark slogan a representation of how Capriola gear is made, it also represents true traditional Vaquero and Buckaroo gear. We will never lose our values of this tradition! The gear we make will last lifetimes and will always remain traditional.” Capriola was one of G.S. Garcia’s apprentices during the 1920s while Garcia operated G.S. Garcia Harness and Saddle Shop in Elko. Under Garcia’s guidance, he learned the art of saddle making and gear repair. Capriola left the shop to go into the ranching business on the lower South Fork of the Humboldt River, but family illness brought him back to Elko and the saddle making business. He opened J.M. Capriola Co. in an old adobe building where the present-day store sits. His son, Joe Capriola Jr., grew up in the shop stuffing bucking rolls and making minor repairs and learning the art of saddle making. Later Capriola Jr., and his wife Rosie became partners in the business. After Capriola Jr.’s death, the store was sold to his brother in-law Frank Jayo, who passed away in 1958. The shop was then sold to Paul and Betty Bear and has since passed on to their grandson John Wright. Shortly after the Bear family took ownership of the business, it was destroyed by fire. The Bear family quickly rebuilt the shop, adding a second floor several years later, making more room for the saddle shop, and adding more accessories and clothing. J.M. Capriola Co. has long been the place to buy gear for ranchers and working cowboys throughout the west. Today, that tradition continues. For the 70th and 80th anniversaries, J.M. Capriola has turned out a beautiful, one of a kind, commemorative saddle to sell. For their 90th anniversary, they are building a

gorgeous saddle that you really must see for yourself. “Well, our 90th Anniversary snuck up on me,” explains John Wright. “Normally it takes us awhile to get trees and I didn’t get one ordered. The tree that we are building this saddle on is a Selway Packer Tree. It was one I had ordered for myself. We just figured we would build it on that. It’s going to be a full floral carved saddle with a dyed background.” This saddle has decorative cuts in the seat. All of the silver is hand engraved by Schaezlein Silver. It has a 7/8’s in-skirt rigging, a narrow Cheyenne roll, and the seat is inlaid into the forks.

According to Wright, “We figure we will have 800 to 1,000 hours of work into this saddle when it is done, from Armando’s time carving on it and mine dying the background.

“That is one thing that is significant about the saddle,” Wright says. “It is a fairly difficult process to inlay the seat into the forks. There is just one smooth transition instead of your seat thickness and then dropping off to your fork, it’s going to tie it in to that.” Artistry of this magnitude takes years of experience. Wright grew up in the saddle shop and has been building saddles for about 20 years now. Those years combined with saddle maker Armando Delgado, who has been with J.M. Capriola for 20 years, but has close to 50 years’ worth of experience building saddles, and the saddle is bound to be beautiful. “We figure we will have 800 to 1,000 hours of work into this saddle when it is done, from Armando’s time carving on it and mine dying the background. Just some of the various other odds and ends and jobs that go into it,” Wright says. If you are in Elko, swing by the store and check out the progress of the saddle, you won’t regret it. “We will have the at NFR for the big main reveal,” Wright says. “It could sell before then. I’m pretty fond of it. If it stayed here it wouldn’t bother me! It is the one and only 90th anniversary saddle. Come in and look and see the progress. I’m already kind of getting a lay out of our 100th anniversary I’m going to do all of the saddle for that saddle myself. It is going to be pretty silvered up for our 100 years. We are looking forward to that. We know I’m going to have to start a year or two ahead just for the silver alone.”


John Wright engraves a silver buckle.

Armando Delgado has done all of the carving on the saddle. Here he is working on the saddle skirts. Wright will hand dye the background of the skirts once Delgado is finished.

According to Wright, “We figure we will have 800 to 1,000 hours of work into this saddle when it is done, from Armando’s time carving on it and mine dying the background.

John Wright, owner of J.M. Capriola and Co. shows the detail on a silver buckle to match a watch band he is working on.

A single flower graces the small Guadalajara horn and the seat is inlaid into the forks of the saddle.

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Jeff Minor Master Braider and Leather Worker Words By: Heather Smith Thomas Nevada Rancher Magazine

Creating western tack has evolved into art. A growing number of leather craftsmen are learning the finer points of rawhide braiding, keeping some of the early traditions and techniques alive. This is a part of history that can only be passed along by some of the masters of their trade. Jeff Minor grew up riding and breaking horses in the Sand Hills of Nebraska and started repairing tack and learning leather braiding at an early age. His family worked for various large ranches in Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado and Montana, so Minor became acquainted with many types of cowboy gear. He worked for a saddle maker in Colbran, Colo., to learn that trade, and started working with rawhide in 1982. In 1985, he moved to Salmon, Idaho and began producing quality braidwork and custom saddles in larger quantities, and doing farrier work on the side. “I’ve never had a main street saddle shop. I’ve always worked out of my own place, and never had to advertise,” says Minor. Word of mouth about his excellent craftsmanship has kept him busy doing custom work. For a number of years he displayed and sold some of his braidwork at cowboy poetry gatherings, and was accepted for the Trappings of the American West Show in Flagstaff, Arizona, sending unique pieces for that show each year. Some of his rawhide and leather braiding was featured in the traveling exhibition put on by the Arizona Commission on the Arts in 2000-2002. This show included the work of 50 artists, helping educate people across the nation about western art. About 25 years ago he began doing his own silver work because he was having trouble finding good conchos for his chinks and saddles. “Now I can put a more personal touch into the pieces I create,” says Minor. He also wanted to be able to make artistic cowboy gear from start to finish, including all the metal work in silver-mounted spurs and fancy bits for his bridles. He makes his own rawhide, purchasing hides from local butchers and processing them himself. He prides himself on making unique pieces that are completely crafted by just one artist. He learned much of his early braiding technique from his dad, Bob, and from Bruce Grant’s books and by studying the work of Louis Ortega, a California horseman and craftsman — one of the foremost makers of rawhide cowboy gear. Ortega donated his personal collection to the Cowboy Hall of Fame in 1986.

“Ortega was one of the people responsible for getting rawhiding classified as art. His work, and the goals of the TCAA (Traditional Cowboy Artists Association) gave me the incentive to take my work to a higher level and help educate people about this dying art,” says Minor. “For a long A rawhide braided chin strap on a beautiful bit is just some of Jeff’s work . time, no one recognized cowboy gear as art, but now people are paying higher prices for unique, THE ARGENTINA EXPERIENCE well-made pieces.” He was able to take them up on their offer the Minor creates functional western gear next year, and spent 10 days with each of them. that goes far beyond practical use, and much of “Then we went to a horse expo in Buenos Aires his work is now purchased by people who want for three days. I got to see some of the big horse to display it for its beauty. He also continues to events there. While I was in Argentina we also vislearn as much as he can about new techniques and ited a fellow who prepares cowhide and horsehide perfecting his skills. for braiding. He collected hides from all around In May 2011, he hosted a 5-day rawhide braid- that area and did everything by hand.” ing workshop in Salmon, Idaho, —inviting two This was one of the things Minor found very master braiders from Argentina to teach it. Minor interesting—there was no sophisticated machinery met these men 5 years earlier, and spent a month and nearly everything was done by hand. in Argentina in the spring of 2009 learning more “To make softened cowhide, they took about their style of braiding. the hair off the hide with ashes and a piece of He met them at a braiding workshop at Okla- bamboo that was cut off at a 45 degree angle, homa City where they were some of the featured using that to scrape the hide. For the horsehide, instructors. they took the hair off with lime. All their fine “This was a roundtable workshop with about braidwork, such as for headstalls, is done with 30 of us, sharing ideas, braiding techniques and horsehide,” he explains. “Sometimes they’ll line methods of preparing hides. I picked up a lot of that with softened cowhide. It’s not tanned, just tips from the two men from Argentina, Armando the hair taken off and softened. They often put it d Ferrari and Pablo Lozano,” says Minor. through a machine that rolls it onto a spool, then “In Argentina they use cattle rawhide reverse the motor. It turns the rawhide back on mainly for ropes, and use horse rawhide for their itself. They do this several times, and then pull finer braiding. I learned a lot of tips from them on it out and rub cow grease into it. Then they roll working with horsehide, which is very thin and it back and forth several times again, to break similar to calf hide — but much stronger.” the fibers down—very similar to the way Native He began incorporating some of the Argentine Americans treated their hides. It’s not tanned, but methods into his own work. A couple years later softened by working it.” these men from Argentina came to Elko, Nev., for In other instances, they take 8- to 12-inch a workshop. wide strips of hide and roll them up, then place “I attended that one and got better acquainted the rolls on a large wooden block and pound them with them—and learned more about the finer with mallets. points of their style of braiding. Then I went to “Then they unroll it and roll it the other direcanother workshop at Oklahoma City, put on by tion and pound it again. After several times the the TCAA, where Armando and Pablo got some of fibers are broken down enough that the hide is their work juried into this group. They gave me a pliable. They use this hide for lining on headstalls, personal invitation to come to Buenos Aires to stay and some headstalls are made just of this mateawhile and learn from them,” says Minor. rial doubled and stitched together with rawhide



Jeff Minor and additional pieces he has created.

lacing. We saw a lot of these at the expo; there were many vendors selling horse gear—which varied from very basic, plain tack on up to fancy expensive headstalls. There were many people buying this kind of gear because Argentina is predominantly agricultural, raising crops, lots of cattle, sheep, a few hogs, chickens, and horses. The horse industry is thriving in Argentina. I never did see horse meat for sale, but there are a lot of horse hides available for braidwork,” says Minor. Both Pablo and Armando had a huge collection of old horse gear and gaucho trappings. “Armando’s was like walking into a small museum. He had old gaucho saddles, stirrups, old headstalls (silver and braided), hobbles, and all kinds of other things. He had sheep shearing tokens, horse bells, etc,” says Minor. The gaucho was very similar to our buckaroo/vaquero in the Southwest. “They took a lot of pride in their gear and in their horses. They like the fine work and the silver—whatever they could afford,” says Minor. From Pablo he learned a lot of different braiding knots and foundations for knots. “He was preparing a cow hide to put in a frame, to make a riata. He soaked it in lime, neutralized it with vinegar, then we took it out and took the hair off and put it in the stretching frame to dry. Later he would cut it into strings for braiding.” Minor thoroughly enjoyed the trip to Buenos Aires for the horse expo. “Their native horse is a Criollo, very similar to our mustang. It’s been bred up, through the years.

They also have just about every breed of horse in Argentina, but this expo was mainly just to spotlight the Criollo horse and its ability to work cattle and do different things. They had some contests, with traditional gear, being judged on which was the best true gaucho dress and trappings,” he says. Their saddles are very different. “They use panchos a lot, and many blankets underneath their saddles. They don’t use a horn for roping. They have a little fastener at the cinch ring, to tie the rope. This is a bit tricky, because they have fairly long ropes. When throwing it, you have to be aware of where that rope is, so you don’t get in a mess and a half hitch around the horse’s foot. They are good ropers and know how to handle a long riata. They throw a big loop, and throw several coils with that loop, and sail it all out there as far as they can, for long shots. “It was good for me to see other people in a different culture, doing the same type of work I would do here. When I came back, my head was filled with all this information and I was trying to remember all the things they showed me, and tried to apply those as quickly as possible so I wouldn’t forget,” says Minor. Since then, he has hosted several braiding classes and workshops. “We limited our first braiding class here to 15 students because that would be about all we could handle, and as soon as we put the word out, we were full. Two men came from Germany, one from Texas, 4 from Oregon, 1 from Wyoming, and the rest were from Idaho. Four of the students had come to the workshop we’d previously held in Boise,” says Minor.

In recent years he has received numerous awards and honors for his superior craftsmanship. In November 2018 Minor received the Idaho Governor’s Award for his excellence in the arts for saddlemaking, rawhide braiding, and silver engraving. In late January, he displayed his work at the Emerging Artist contest hosted by the Traditional Cowboy Artists Association in Mesa, Ariz. “This one is by invitation only, and they invite a certain number of artists. This year they featured braiding, and gave us guidelines of what they wanted us to make. This year it was braided hobbles,” says Minor. Thus every contestant is being judged on a similar piece of work. At that event he tied for second place and also got the People’s Choice Award. He also competed in a braiding contest in Sheridan, Wyo., in May 2018 called the World Leather Debut, and received third place on a braided headstall. He enjoys making beautiful pieces of tack, and most of his work today is filling custom orders in his shop—making whatever the customer wants, and shipping it out. He has customers all over the country, but still takes time to do a few pieces for local horsemen who want him to make saddles or fancy bridles, spurs or other items of horse gear for themselves or as gifts. If anyone wants him to make something special for Christmas, however, they need to get their orders in early because he is usually swamped with projects; his work is in very high demand. And of course he always does some emergency leather repair work for local friends, neighbors and cowboys whose tack has seen better days.


Frost- Damaged forages can be deadly Words By: Steve Foster Pershing County Extension Educator With early cold temperatures, many hay producers and livestock owners should be aware of some precautions. When plants freeze, changes occur rapidly in their metabolism and composition that can be toxic to livestock. Two problems need to be considered – prussic acid poisoning and bloat. However, many of these problems can be prevented, or at least minimized with proper management. Some summer-annual grasses contain cyanogenic glucosides, which are converted to prussic acid (hydrogen cyanide) when the plants are damaged by frost. The concentrations of cyanogenic glucosides vary among plant species: sorghum contains the highest concentrations, followed by sorghum-sudangrass crosses, and sudangrass contains the lowest concentrations. Pearl millet is virtually free of cyanogenic glucosides. The concentrations of these compounds are highest in immature plants and decrease as plants mature. Leaves also contain much higher concentrations than do stems. Plants growing under high nitrogen levels or in phosphorus or potassium deficient soils will be more likely to have high cyanide potential. After frost damage, cyanide levels will likely be higher in fresh forage as compared with hay or silage, because cyanide is volatile and dissipates as the forage cures and dries or is ensiled. Light frosts that stress the plant, but do not kill it entirely, are often associated with prussic acid poisonings. Removing livestock from pastures for several days after a frost is the best preventative management strategy to reduce prussic acid poisoning in sudangrass and sorghum-sudangrass pastures. Livestock can be returned to frost-injured sudangrass that are 18” tall or taller and sorghum-sudandgrass that’s at least 30” tall after about three or four days. If the grass is shorter than those heights when frost damage occurs, the recommendation is to stay off the pasture for 10 days to two weeks. Producers need to watch for new shoot regrowth (tillers or suckers) on partially frost-killed plants. Direct grazing of these fresh new shoots can be toxic. Where new shoots appear following frost, avoid grazing for two weeks after the freeze that kills the new shoots. When animals consume forage with high levels of cyanide-producing compounds, prussic acid is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it binds hemoglobin and interferes with oxygen transfer. Prussic acid acts rapidly, frequently killing animals by asphyxiation within minutes. Symptoms include excess salivation, difficult breathing, staggering, convulsions, and collapse. Ruminants are more susceptible than other species because cud chewing and rumen bacteria increase the release of cyanide.

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• Frost-damaged annual sorghum grasses can be made into hay with little or no risk of cyanide toxicity. Plants that are dry enough to make hay will have dissipated most of the volatile cyanide gas. • Normal silage making allows a majority of the cyanide to dissipate from frost damaged annual sorghum grasses. Delay feeding suspect silage for 6 to 8 weeks after ensiling. • Cattle that must be grazed on sorghum pastures that have not been totally killed should have access to another type of hay, have full rumens before turning in on the field, and should be watched closely for the first few hours after turn in. If signs of labored breathing, such as would be found in asphyxiation, are noted, remove the cattle immediately. Call your local veterinarian for immediate help for those animals that are affected. Pasture bloat should be a concern to cow-calf operators and stocker operators as we experience the first frost. Frothy bloat, or legume bloat, is the most common type of pasture bloat. It results from the formation of a stable foam in the rumen that minimizes the animal’s ability to expel rumen gases. This foam can cover the cardia (esophageal entrance from the reticulorumen) and prevent eructation of gases. Consumption of forages containing high levels of soluble protein (such as alfalfa, winter wheat, and white clover) can contribute to stable foam production. Cattle suffering from bloat swell rapidly on the left side and can die within an hour. Cattle may exhibit early signs of discomfort by kicking at their sides or stomping their feet before going down. Grazing alfalfa following a killing frost can still cause bloat if the alfalfa remains green and succulent. Following a frost, plant cells rupture producing small plant cell wall fragments and increasing the amount of K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, all of which can increase the risk of bloat.


legume species:

• In general, if pastures contains over 50 percent grass, there will be minimal danger of bloat. If pastures contain more than 50% legume, be prepared to use bloat control measures. • Bloat can be reduced by supplementing grass hay to cattle grazing bloat provoking pasture. Significant amounts of hay must be consumed for this to be effective. • Allow cattle to graze legume pasture continuously rather than removing them during the day or at night to reduce the risk of bloat. • The risk of bloat will be reduced by waiting until the dew is off the alfalfa before placing cattle into a new pasture. Moving cattle that have full rumens to new pasture in the afternoon reduces the predisposition of cattle to bloat. • The stage of legume maturity is an important factor in preventing pasture bloat. Bloat potency is highest in young vegetative plants and decreases progressively as the plants mature. • To treat bloat, there are oral compounds that will break down the stable foam in the rumen. In subacute cases, a rubber hose can be used as a stomach tube to relieve the accumulation of gases. A trocar should be used as a last resort on acute cases. Contact your veterinarian as soon as possible to treat advanced bloat. Attention horse owners! Minnesota specialists report that fall pasture, especially frost damaged pasture, can have high concentrations of nonstructural carbohydrates, like sugars. This can lead to various health problems for horses, such as founder and colic. They recommend pulling horses off of pasture for about one week following the first killing frost. High concentrations of nonstructural carbohydrates are most likely in leafy regrowth of cool-season grasses such as brome, timothy, and bluegrass but native warm-season grasses also may occasionally have similar risks.


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Amelia Wakley A CattleWomen Series Produced by Ruby Uhart My name is Amelia Wakley, I also go by Millie. I was born and raised right here on this ranch in Deeth, Nevada. I am the youngest of four children, 2 sisters and 1 brother. As a child we helped all the time we weren’t in school. From a young age we moved cattle, branded cattle, operated hay machinery, and fed cattle. Ranch chores and labor teaches a kid respect, responsibility, accountability, persistence, and grit. I am grateful to have been brought up this way and couldn’t imagine it any differently. The birth of my first child, Harris is probably the most memorable event in my life. Bringing children in the world changes everything. Your perception of the world changes. Your goals and priorities evolve. The day you start thinking about the next generation, and the great things they will see, do, and be a part of, it is a great day! My family and I reside on my parent’s, Craig and Jean Spratling’s ranch. Along with my parents, my husband, Taylor, our two children Harris (5) and Betty Jean (2) and I all work on the ranch day to day. We primarily have a commercial cow/calf operation. We sell our weaned calves every fall. Taylor and I also have Registered Angus and Hereford cattle and raise bulls for our commercial operation and also for sale. Most days begin with coffee and getting my kids fed, and ready to head out the door with me. My Mom and I work together to teach my son Kindergarten most mornings. Depending on the time of year, I chip in and help almost daily with taking care of cattle. I help with feeding, calving, branding, weaning, and processing cattle. During the summer, I operate a swather through haying season. I take our kids along to help as much as possible. During the majority of the year I try to ride my horses at least 4 days a week in the evening. I have a passion for good horses. I continually am trying to improve my horsemanship. Living close to my parents and working around each other daily, we eat a lot of meals at my parent’s house. We all enjoy cooking and eating as a family. Calving season and spring time brings new life and heightened energy which drives me! Branding season is a pretty tough one to beat, however. It is filled with great memories with family and friends catching up and having fun roping!

Amelia with daughter Betty Jean, husband Taylor, and son, Harris.

In 2001 and 2007 we experienced 2 wildfires that burned about 80% of our ranch’s range. My parents lost approximately 20 cows. It was devastating, initially. Thousands of acres were scorched. Many hours of labor of fencing, seeding, and a couple years of grazing rest transformed the burns into rich a grassland that close to doubled the forage production. In hind sight, I can say it was the best thing that has happened to the range. I would never go back to the tree high Sagebrush we moved cattle though before! The best part of Ranching for me is working around animals daily and being able to share working in this environment with my family. The rewards that come with this sort of challenging work make the long days and stress all worth it! Interesting enough, my favorite thing to do is work cattle with Taylor! We don’t argue much. We both are passionate about cattle.


We are always conversing about improving our cattle and about things we need to improve and change with our operation as a whole. I have found if you have a game plan for the day and you always keep communicating it makes for a lot less stress and more fun. I think one of the biggest challenges of Ranching is working with biological cycle of the cow. We are bound by natural requirements such as gestation, lactation, and growth as well as timely marketing our product. Agriculture is very unique because we deal with so many unknowns. We cannot change the markets or the weather and our product is reliant on the good weather and affected by market ups and downs. We try to plan ahead; Make sure to save a few open days if changes in the schedule have to take place. We work together and try to work as efficiently and effectively as possible. We rely of each other to be there if extra help is necessary.

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“The more we educate others about our lifestyle and what exactly we do and why, the fewer misconceptions about farming and ranching there will be.” -AM Every lifestyle has its challenges. We work very hard and deal with stress associated with Ranching, but so does everyone else. Life is what you make of it. The work never ends when you are moving forward, whether you are in the corporate world or the Ranching world. It is most important to have a positive outlook. Every one of us has dealt with stress.

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New herbicide now available for use in livestock areas Words By: Michelle Cook Nevada Rancher Magazine

Bayer’s herbicide Esplanade 200SC recently received the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Section 18 approval for the state of Nevada. Section 18 allows an Emergency Exemptions for unregistered uses of pesticides to address emergency conditions. Under such an exemption, EPA allows limited use of the pesticide in defined geographic areas for a finite time once EPA confirms that the situation meets that statutory definition of “emergency condition.” Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Section 18 authorizes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to allow a federal or state agency the ability to grant the use of a pesticide product without registration, if an emergency condition exists. “What the section 18 allows is for application of esplanade on areas grazed by livestock,” said Harry Quicke, Western Rangeland Stewardship team leader for the product. “Esplanade is already labeled for use in areas that are not grazed by livestock such as industrial

areas, roadsides, right of ways and certain types of natural areas such as parks, open space or prior rehabilitation areas,” he said. According to Bayer’s Stewardship Guide, Esplanade 200SC, or Esplanade, is a “restoration herbicide” which can be used for long-term control of certain types of invasive and noxious vegetation such as cheatgrass, ventenata, and medusa head. “A huge reason to control annual invasive species is to reduce fire risk,” Quicke said. Annual invasive species contribute to increased wildfires, damage crops, threaten open spaces, natural and wildlife areas. Annual grasses like cheatgrass dry out prior to fire season and may be contributing to larger scale fires that occur more frequently. One study conducted in 2012 showed that of the 50 biggest fires in the Great Basin between 1980 and 2009, 39 of them involved cheatgrass. “What we found was that cheatgrass actually doubles the likelihood of fire; that it burns twice as much as any other vegetation type — native vegetation type — in the Great Basin,” Lead researcher Jenni-



fer Balach said in an interview when the study was published in 2012. Bayer has conducted field trials in Nevada particularly in Humboldt County. These trials have been successful in showing the effectiveness of the herbicide in long-term control if applied properly. According to the company’s stewardship guide, a single application of Esplanade can prevent germination of annual grasses for multiple years. Bayer recommends applying Esplanade prior to rainfall or other precipitation events. The label also cautions not to allow livestock to graze for two weeks or harvest vegetation where Esplanade has been applied. According to Bayer Area Sales Manager Gabe Ludwig, Esplanade is available through approved agents who are authorized to distribute to end-users. “Purchasers of the product are not allowed to acquire, mark up, and resale Esplanade 200SC. This insures we are able to accurately track and report the use of Esplanade for Section 18 uses in Nevada.”

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Winter Roping Camps Snowbirds flock to Wickenburg, Arizona Words and Photos By: Jolyn Young Nevada Rancher Magazine

Wickenburg proudly calls itself “The Team Roping Capital of the World.” The high number of team roping arenas and jackpots in the area supports this claim.

WICKENBURG, Ariz. – Warm weather, daily roping practice, a lively night life, and all the jackpots a team roper can enter. Sounds like a roper’s dream, right? Well, every winter that dream comes true in Wickenburg, Ariz., and the surrounding area when the local arenas fill up with fresh cattle and team ropers by the truckload. Many visitors park their living quarters trailers at one of the area’s practice arenas, turning a winter of team roping into an extended camping trip as well. After roping all day, they head into Wickenburg to shop, check out the historic attractions, and relax with a cold drink at one of the many local watering holes. Whether they stay for a week, a month, or the whole winter, they all arrive with a common goal: To rope as much as possible during their stay in the Team Roping Capital of the World. “They’re down here to practice roping, ride their horses, and have a good time,” said longtime team roper Dan Iveson. Iveson joined the annual southbound migration four years ago. He and his teenage son Austin began spending their winters at a roping camp in Wittmann, about 20 minutes from the main hot spot of Wickenburg. He enjoyed the daily on-site roping practice and the abundance of jackpots held throughout the week within just a few miles’ radius. Iveson also liked the camp’s friendly atmosphere and the sense of camaraderie that the owner helped facilitate. Campers got together for potluck meals, barbeques, and conversations around the communal campfire. As extended campers, the Ivesons were mainstays at local events for the duration of the roping

season, which runs from November to March. Iveson enjoyed the seasonal lifestyle so much that he started his own roping camp, set to open Jan. 1, to welcome campers for peak season. Most camps are open during the fall months, but campsites empty out periodically when people return home for Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s celebrations. “Generally, most people come the first of January,” said Iveson. After the holiday season, team ropers flock to the area in earnest. Many campers repeat the trek each winter, drawn to their favorite camp, jackpot arenas, and roping partners. Semi-pro ropers, college kids, and higher-numbered hobby ropers enjoy shorter stays, typically five to seven days. Most migrate from the cold northern states, as well as Canada. Taking time off work, loading up a living quarters trailer with horses, and driving hundreds (or thousands) of miles represents a significant financial investment. Staying for weeks or months is an additional time investment that the typical team roper with a day job isn’t able to make. As such, most campers are retirees. Since all attendees paid good money to travel to a camp and rope, they arrive in vacation mode. “They’re just here to have a good time. If they have a chip on their shoulder, they left it at home,” said Iveson. As a former camper himself, Iveson is uniquely prepared to ensure guests as his camp have a good time. Like most camp owners, he will provide a steady supply of fresh cattle, access to an ATV-powered roping sled, desert trail riding adjacent to the property, open arena riding, and


round pen use. And of course, there will be relaxing barbeques/potlucks/get-togethers sprinkled throughout each week. “We are ultimately geared toward camper satisfaction, 100%. I want people to be happy for what they’re spending, because it’s a significant financial investment,” said Iveson. Some camps are geared toward high-end clientele who are accustomed to shelling out cash for VIP treatment. One camp provides airport shuttle service for guests. Once at the camp, their horses are caught and saddled before each practice session. Service like that costs approximately $2,500 per month. Most do-it-yourself camps run about $1,500 for a married couple to camp and rope all month. Not all campers are in a top-tier tax bracket, though. Iveson recalled a family he met who camped each winter with their kids. Mom stayed in Arizona with the kids while Dad returned home to Idaho bi-weekly to run his construction business. The kids also roped, keeping up with their homeschooling lessons during their downtime at the arena. Besides educating kids, winter camp offers an unparalleled opportunity for ropers to bring a string of colts and consistently train for weeks at a time. Most camps offer morning roping sessions followed by afternoon downtime during which campers can use the arena or enter up a local jackpot. Whether they come for a month, a week, or just the day, all ropers can enjoy the friendly vibe and welcoming atmosphere at a winter roping camp. To learn more about Iveson’s camp, visit

Winter camps provide many opportunities to socialize and get to know other ropers, both in and out of the arena




Ropers of all ages and abilities converge on Wickenburg each winter to practice their skills and make memories with friends both old and new

Mark your calendars for our

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WinnemuccA February 26 - march 1, 2020 R HR Ranch Hand Rodeo Weekend

Ranch, Rope & Performance

Horse Sale

2019 Top Ten Average ~ $11,030 High Selling Horse Pretty Boy Rap ~ $19,750

Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash

Open 4D, Youth, and Senior Races

$12,500 ADDED MONEY!! Feb. 26 - March 1, 2020

Join us at the Winnemucca Events Complex to experience Nevada’s largest & most exciting Ranch Hand Rodeo and Horse Sale! Over 30 teams compete for prizes and bragging rights!

Tentative Schedule Wed & Thurs, Feb. 26 - 27, 2020 Cow Dog Trial and Finals

Friday, February 28, 2020 Stock Horse Challenge & Horse Sale Preview Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash

Saturday, February 29, 2020 Ranch Hand Rodeo Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash Ranch, Rope & Performance Horse Sale

Sunday, March 1, 2020 Ranch Hand Rodeo Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash

2019 Ranch Hand Rodeo Winning Team

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For More Information: (775) 623-5071 or   THE NEVADA RANCHER – NOVEMBER 2019 23

k o o b p a r c S g n i R a n ch

In Lamoille, we like cool mornings, wool sweaters, fresh horses, and calves that pick their heads up and go somewhere! After bawling out in the corral, calves are trailed to fall pasture where they are fed a supplement and left-over grass from the summer. Calves are checked weekly to maintain good health and monitor feed.

The babies are weaned and given a few days to get used to life without mom. A yearling is brought in with them for emotional support, and a refresher course on everything she learned last winter. The babies will be halter broken later this fall, after all of the ranch calves are weaned, and the yearling will be started late this winter.

Cara Small explains “If you want good help, you have to start training them early!” Her daughter Paisley, 10-years old fills a vaccine gun to help give shots while processing cattle. Photo By: Cara Small


TR and QT Whiteley show some affection to Rocket the 4-H cow. Being the quintessential 4-H cow, fences mean nothing. Rocket and her calf were weaned 3 times this fall. Finally, Rocket was locked in the shipping corral. She can’t escape the corral. The Cowboss is happy nobody is calling him because there is a cow on the road. Rocket is happy because she loves a bite of grain from time to time!

Fall Time in Lamoille Photos and Words By: Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Lamoille, Nev.—The leaves have changed and fallen from the trees. The temperature has dropped and there is frost on the ground in the mornings. Calves are weaned, or about to be. Soon we will start pregging. Bawling calves and cows sing us to sleep at night and wake us up in the morning. Fall work is in progress! I woke up early the other morning. It was still dark. The Cowboss and boys were all sleeping and the only sounds I could hear were bawling calves. We had just received freshly wean heifer calves the day before. It reminded me of shipping days at home when I was little. Mom and Dad would get up way before the sun and leave my sister and I sleeping. A few neighbors would be there not long after dad got his horse wrangled and saddled. Mom headed next door to Grandma’s to start breakfast. Dad and the neighbors would gather the pairs, sort the heifers from the steers, and the babies from their mommas. Calves were loaded onto waiting cattle trucks and the cows would be pushed hard and fast to the pasture behind our house. Mom would come and wake us up and we would dress to the sounds of cows bawling for their calves. It was still dark, cold, and we would meet the cowboys and

A lot of livestock travel through these corrals. Natural Beef heifers leave the ranch via semi. We spend a lot of time shipping cattle in the fall.

truck drivers at Grandma’s for breakfast. Just as soon as the meal was finished and the last dish was washed, we hurried to catch the trucks on their way to the Commission Company in Twin Falls to watch our calves sell. After what felt like days in the car, we had what felt like an even longer wait for our calves to come through the sale ring. The auctioneer’s song would almost lull us to sleep. It was the biggest day of our year, and even though my sister and I didn’t realize the importance of it at the time we knew something big was happening. When we returned home the next day, the cows were still bawling for their babies, and I hated it. They were loud. They didn’t stop. It made me sad. Fortunately, it only lasted a few days, which felt like forever in a 5-year old’s mind. Today with video livestock and private treaty sales, retained ownership on some operations, and growing older on my part, weaning doesn’t have that same mystique my 5-year old self remembers. It does however still bring back fond memories of growing up in Mountain City, and when I step outside my door this time of year, or wake up early in the morning, makes me smile as I listen to the sounds of calves bawling. I hope my neighbors love listening to them too!

QT shows some love to the brood mare bunch. Not just calves get weaned in the fall, foals do too.

After weaning, it is important to keep calves healthy. QT heels a calf and his brother TR helps the Cowboss set the ropes. Antibiotics are administered, and the calf is checked again in a few days to make sure the antibiotics are working.


Handy Gate Fixes Words By: Heather Smith Thomas Nevada Rancher Magazine

Gates are often the most important part of a pasture or corral fence since they are crucial to your livestock handling and management, being able to move them easily from one area to another. Gate posts should be sturdy, solid and durable to hold those gates, so the gate can swing freely and easily. Therefore those need to be set deep in the ground and well braced so they don’t “give” over time, especially if they are supporting a long or heavy gate. A wooden or metal gate can become a frustrating burden to open and close if it begins to sag, no longer swinging freely. Sometimes the posts shift a little over time—if the ground is very wet or there are frost heaves that push the posts upward--unless they were set in concrete or firm gravel or have some special bracing over the top. Having to lift a heavy gate or panel to open or shut it can become very difficult. In many instances this problem can be solved without having to reset the gate post, by putting a small wheel on the moving end of the gate. The wheel takes all the weight and supports the gate or panel so it can’t sag lower, and also enables it to move easily when you open or close it. You no longer have to pick it up and carry it to keep it from dragging. Wheels on gates work nicely unless they have to roll in deep mud (snow can generally be scooped away from the wheel track).

Now is the time to optimize nutrition and performance. Your local CowBos Dealer delivers cost-effective, labor-saving and high-quality solutions with professional service to make the most of your investment.

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Above: A wheel can help gates swing, elliminating having to drag or pick up the gate when opening or closing it.

Nearly any type of small wheel will work for this purpose. On our ranch we have used old wheelbarrow tires or small metal wheels--the types you find in junk piles or on a piece of ancient farm machinery. A wheelbarrow tire can be easily adapted to fit on a wooden gate or pole panel. You can bolt the upright portion of the tire holder (the piece of metal that comes down either side of the tire to hold its small axle) to a wooden or pole gate, or weld it to a metal gate. An old wheel or small tire with any kind of long axle attached to it can be securely wired to a wooden or metal gate. The horizontal piece of axle can be readily fastened to the bottom rail on the gate. If you use stiff, strong wire and securely wire each end of the axle (the end close to the wheel, and the opposite end) to the gate, the wheel will stay in proper position and the weight of the gate won’t alter the angle of the wheel very much, if at all. You need it securely attached (not at all loose) so the wheel or tire will not shift out of position. You want it to stay upright, with no wobble. Then it can roll freely and easily on the ground, taking the weight of the gate without binding or catching. A well hung gate (on a well set gatepost) should never sag, but if the ground is not solid the post may shift with the weight of the gate, letting it drop lower and lower on the far end, dragging on the ground. A wheel can resolve this, and can also be used on a gate or panel in any opening where you don’t have a gate post to hang it and hold the pivot end. The wheel can help it swing with a minimum of effort (reducing risk of injury to your back!) and eliminating the problem of having to drag or pick up the gate or panel each time you open or close it.

TIP FOR EXTENDING A TOO-SHORT GATE POST For many years we had problems with a certain gate in our barnyard that wouldn’t stay on its hinges because the gate post was too short to support it. It was hung on a good solid railroad tie, but the railroad tie was set too deep in the ground for that particular gate.

It wasn’t tall enough to facilitate the top hinge on the gate. We’d tried several ways to keep the gate from falling off the hinge, but every now and then it still came off when we opened the gate, and it was very frustrating trying to put a long, heavy gate (now flat on the ground!) back up on its hinges. So we became creative and made the gate post taller. We started with some metal that came in a shipping crate for a tractor loader. The metal was part of the support within the crate to hold the loader frame in position during transit. After we put the loader on the tractor we didn’t need that piece of metal, and it sat around in the collection of odds and ends that accumulate on most farms and ranches, waiting for an opportunity to be recycled into something needed at a later date. When we decided to make the railroad tie taller, we looked through our “junk pile” of collected treasures and found that piece of metal. It was the right size and length for our potential post extension, so we added a couple more pieces to it, to custom-fit the post and assist in bolting it to the post. This worked to extend the height of the post to accommodate the top hinge on the gate. We welded that piece of metal from the shipping crate to a piece of channel iron that could lie flat against the top of the railroad tie, and made it larger (to cover the whole top) by welding an additional flat piece of iron to it. Then, to keep the structure solid and secure so it could never be pulled out of line by the heavy gate, we welded a piece of angle iron to the back side. The angle iron come down over the edge of the post to give additional support, and it was all bolted securely to the railroad tie. With a big all-thread bolt through the “post extension” welded to the gate hinge (with nuts to tighten and adjust the height of the gate on the swinging end), the gate is now secure, swings beautifully and will never fall off its hinges again.

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An example of the final extension of a railroad tie.

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Orovada rancher takes issue with Senator Hansen’s locked public lands law Words By: Michelle Cook Nevada Rancher Magazine

The University of Nevada Extension, College of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Natural Resources (CABNR) with financial support from local sponsors and the USDA, Risk Management Agency P R E S E N T S


Cattlemen’s Update January 6, 2020

January 7, 2020



Registration 10 a.m.

Registration 5:30 p.m. Fallon Convention Center 100 Campus WAY Fallon, NV 89406 Dinner Provided

Washoe County Orovada rancher Edward Bartell sees a problem with Senator Ira Cooperative Extension Hansen’s SB 316 which makes it a crime to block access to public 4955 Energy Way rights-of-way. The law went into effect on July 1, 2019. Senator Reno, NV 89502 January 8, 2020 Hansen sent out letters to all the county officials, including to HumVia Interactive boldt County Sheriff Mike Allen and County Manager Dave MenEly Video to: Logandale, Caliente, Tonopah, diola. The Senator’s letter was posted in the Orovada Post Office Registration 5:30 p.m. Lovelock, and Eureka. Ely Elks Lodge according to Bartell. Lunch Provided 694 Campton St. Bartell says the bill is poorly written because it can be understood Ely, NV 89301 Dinner Provided in several different ways. “It depends on how you look at that bill. If January 9, 2020 they’re trying to define everything under the sun as being [SR 2477] January 6, 2020 road, obviously, anyone who borders BLM could be jeopardized Elko Sierra Valley, CA Agenda will be focused on cattle production whether you’re a big landowner or small land owner. If it’s trying to Registration 12:30 p.m. Registration 5:30 p.m. Great Basin College Solarium Sierra Valley Grange #466 enforce existing right-of-ways (sic) then it’s probably not that big of For additional information, contact: 1500 College Parkway 92203 Hwy 70 a deal, but if they’re trying to argue that everything is a right-a-way Elko, NV 89801 Vinton, CA Staci Emm, Mineral County Cooperative Extension Dinner Provided that’s not the way these RS2477 roads.” Dinner Provided (775) 475-4227 January 10, 2020 RS 2477 was enacted by the United States Congress in 1866 to January 7, 2020 encourage the settlement of the western United States. Ratified as Winnemucca Cost of workshop is $20 per Ranch Wellington part of the 1866 Mining Law, the statute simply provides that “[t]he Registration 10 a.m. Registration 10 a.m. Humboldt County right of way for the construction of highways across public lands, not Smith Valley Community Hall Cooperative Extension reserved for public uses, is hereby granted.” 2783 State Route 208 1085 Fairgrounds Road The statute was repealed in 1976 by the Federal Land Policy and Wellington, NV 89444 Winnemucca, NV 89445 Lunch Provided Lunch Provided Management Act (FLPMA), however, the FLPMA expressly reserved any then-existing rights-of-way and states: “Nothing in this Act … shall be construed as terminating any valid lease, permit, patent, attempting to block access to prove such a road is NOT a public access road. rights-of-way, or other land use right or authorization existing on the date They should have the burden of proof.” of approval of this act.” Thus, RS 2477 rights-of-way established prior to the But Bartell wrote “The party claiming a right-of-way bears the burden of passage of FLMPA remain valid. establishing its existence. Id. (citing Shultz v. Dep’t of Arm 96 F.3d 1222,1223 Bartell sent a letter of his own to the Sheriff and the county manager (9th Cir 1996)). Here as the party seeking a right of way, Elko County must expressing his concern regarding the Senator’s law, adding that he wanted show by clear and convincing evidence, that its alleged right of way existed to make sure the local government aware of case law regarding public land before the Jarbidge South Canyon was reserved as a national forest in 1909.” access. (See United States v Carpenter).” In part, Bartell’s letter says, “Hanson (sic) appears to be asserting that if Bartell says he sees this heading toward litigation in the future. “It’s hard to a landowner constructs a road prior to 1976 across his own land at his own say what they’re trying to get at whether they’re trying to force right-of-way expense; if this road happens to transect a road on public lands, this road on or whether or enforce existing right-of-way. Unfortunately, it will probably private lands can now be used by anybody day or night; even if this road require litigation if the local government tries to seize right-of-way without happens to go right through the landowner’s backyard.” paying for it. Then, it would force litigation in the federal courts to seek comBartell says Senator Hansen may be confused by recent case law, specifical- pensation for damages.” ly the Thomas v Zachry 311 F.Supp.3d 1198 (2018) in Storey County which Bartell says he doesn’t have a problem with legitimately prosecuting landBartell says relies heavily on the 1976 date. “However,” Bartell wrote, “this owners who do lock up public lands. And he doesn’t have a problem granting case deals with one of those rare properties that was relatively recently trans- access to his lands if people ask. “We put up signs and give our phone number ferred to private ownership. Thomas v. Zachry makes it abundantly clear the if somebody wants to go, and we generally allow access,” he said. “But I think right of way could not have originated (located) once the land was in private this is creating conflict where people think there’s an automatic right-of-way, hands.” which is concerning.” Elsewhere in the letter, Bartell points out that Senator Hansen’s law appears What he and most landowners want is to communicate to those who want to place the burden of proof of the existence of a right-of-way on the land- access for recreational purposes safety concerns the owners might have about owner. Senator Hansen’s letter to Humboldt County Manager Dave Mendiola road conditions, fire restrictions or other hazards. Be respectful and ask for stated “To enforce trespass claims, it will be the responsibility of the person permission prior to going on private property.


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Van Norman and Friends 23rd Annual Production Sale

Ranch raised horses, used as working horses, following the vaquero tradition of training Words By: Linda Bunch Special to the Rancher

Elko, Nev.--Two days of equinoxial rain of Biblical proportions ushered in the 23rd Van Norman and friends Production Sale weekend! Undaunted by sloshy footing and pools of water, Friday’s events went ahead as scheduled. As one participant aptly put it, we “muddled” through it! Prospective buyers had ample opportunity to view their catalog picks prior to the sale on the website, which featured an individual page for each horse; all of the catalog information, photo, and video. Friday afternoon featured a comprehensive preview of three-year olds and older, with commentary provided by Matt Mori and Ty Van Norman who both added their insights and observations of each horse as they previewed. The preview was followed by the Youth Branding Contest which featured several of the sale horses. Anyone who missed the Friday action could see all riding horses and dogs preview once again on Saturday morning. Bidding was brisk in the barn, on the phone and on the internet throughout the sale. Video of each horse as it sold was displayed on two tv’s mounted on the wall behind the auction block. When the dust finally settled (literally), seventy-nine horses and two stock dogs had found new homes under the gavel of Muleshoe, TX auctioneer Steve Friskup, who was assisted in the barn by bid spotters Buck Waite and Justin Morris with the latest addition to the team, Matt Mori, who carried his familiarity with the horses and riders from the Friday and Saturday previews, to the sale barn. Phone bids were handled by Sam Mori, Pete Mori, Joe Cahill, and Allie Bear. Katie Colyer of LiveAuction.TV provided the live streaming to the internet which has also had positive reviews. At the conclusion of the sale, all in attendance were invited to an “after party” on the lawn by the beef barn. Michael and Alex Vipham provided a delicious taco supper, the bar was open, and musical entertainment was provided by Riata Brown and Marinna Mori. It was a fun opportunity for visiting and unwinding after an action-packed several days! Lot 70, Washakee Cloud, a 2012 sorrel overo gelding consigned by Ike and Shanna Thomas of Grouse Creek, Utah, topped the sale at $17,500! He was purchased by John and Sabrina Reed of Pine Valley, Nevada. The overall sale average was $5,542. The demand for a well-broke horse is still high, and weanlings and yearlings were much stronger than in the past several years. The 24th Annual Van Norman and friends Production Sale will be held September 18 and 19, 2020. Make your plans now and look forward to seeing you next fall!! In the meantime, visit us on Facebook and at as we will be posting new information and features throughout the year.


Photo By Ike and Shanny Thomas HIGH SELLER! Lot 70 Washakee Cloud consigned by Ike and Shanna Thomas, Grouse Creek, UT. Purchased by John and Sabrina Reed of Pine Valley, NV.

To view the remaing sale results please visit: Stay up-to-date by following the Van Norman and Friends Production Sale on Facebook.

Photo By Jennifer Whiteley

Once again the auction barn was a full house!


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Van Norman Horse Sale’s Youth Branding Rain and chilly temps didn’t slow these cowboys and cowgirls down! Photos and Words By: Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine Elko, Nev.—The 23rd Annual Van Norman and Friends Production Sale Youth Branding Contest was held at the Elko Fairgrounds September 20th on arguably the worst weather day in the entire month. It started raining the day before and finally let up just in time for the youth branders. Branding pen conditions were miserable. Horses and ground crew worked in mud. As a roper, you did not want to drop your rope because the arena mud clung to it and made it nearly impossible to swing. Nevertheless, some handy young cowboys and cowgirls braved the cold wet arena to compete in the branding contest.

Ty and Maggie Van Norman get ready to rope.

The teams consisted of one youth and one adult. Contestant priority was given to the owners of horses consigned to the sale and they were given the opportunity to showcase their horses in the branding competition. The Van Norman and Friends Production Sale and youth branders would like to extend a sincere thank you to the sponsors of the Youth Branding Contest.

Sponsors Include:

Anna Severe Saddlery A&G Irrigation, Josh and Marva Smith Margarita DeLong Jason and Nawny Jones Walker/Carpenter Ranch, Cristi Walker and Ryan Carpenter Luke Baumeister Joe Wines


10 and under: Pete Mori 1st Mamie Rodriguez 2nd Skeeter Severe 3rd Rio Thomas 4th 11-14 Mountain Spring Walker 1st Walker Jones 2nd Cleo Fowler 3rd Maggie Van Norman 4th 14-18 (HS) Isaac Mori 1st Brock Feyder 2nd Riley Roderick 3rd 32   THE NEVADA RANCHER – NOVEMBER 2019

Mesa Thomas picks up a leg, roping with her dad Ike.

Charlie Wright sets a trap.

THE COLD IS UPON ,. • US Garrett Brown comes in to heel a calf behind his grandpa, Larry Schutte.

Walker Jones of Lamoille scoops up 2 feet on his good black horse.




• • • •


5025 E. WINNEMUCCA BLVD. WINNEMUCCA, NV.89445 775-625-1945


! t a e Let’s Elko, Nev.--Did you know that beef is a vital source of protein, iron and many other important nutrients that sustain a healthy diet? In fact, calorie-for-calorie it is one of the most nutrient-rich foods to fuel an active and healthy lifestyle. There are more than 29 cuts of beef that meet government guidelines for lean (USDA defines “lean” as less than 10 grams of total fat per 3-ounce serving). Lean cuts of beef have 4.5 grams or less of saturated fat and less than 95 milligrams of cholesterol (per 3-ounce serving). Four of the most popular lean beef cuts chosen at restaurants are: Strip Steak (Kansas City/New York) Filet Mignon/Tenderloin Steak Top Sirloin/Sirloin Steak T-Bone Steak

HOBO Dinners Photos and Words By: Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Four of the most popular lean beef cuts chosen in grocery stores include: Top Sirloin/Sirloin Steak Strip (Top Loin) Steak Top Round Steak T-Bone Steak For some more great recipes and beef facts, check out: Beef It’s What’s for Dinner and They have lots of wonderful recipes and tips, as well as nutritional information. I boarded in town with my Aunt and Uncle for high school. I spent every lunch period at my Grandma Larios’s house. She really spoiled me. While a lot of high schoolers were bumming rides to a fast food joint, or brown bagging it, I had a warm, home cooked meal just about every day.

I have no idea how many pounds of lunch meat and deli cheese, or can’s of clam chowder she fed me over 4 years, but those meals and conversations with my grandma meant a

lot to me. One of my favorite meals my grandma would make were called Hobo Dinners. I’m not positive where my grandma got the recipe, but it is wonderful, and worth sharing!

Hobo Dinner Ingredients Makes a single serving

¼ lb. Ground Beef 1 Potato, sliced 1 Carrot, sliced 2 tbs. Onion, chopped 1 Dab of Butter Salt, Pepper, and Garlic Salt to taste 1 sheet Heavy Duty Aluminum foil

Instructions Shape beef into a patty; place in the center of foil, top with potato, carrot, and onion. Sprinkle with seasonings, and place dab of butter on top. Fold foil over and seal well. Place on a baking sheet and bake at 350* for 45 minutes, or until carrots are tender. As you can tell, it is very easily doubled, tripled, or even quadrupled. It can be as simple, or as fancy as you like it, and cleanup is so easy! I hope you try it and let me know how you like it!


USDA Opens 2020 Enrollment for Agriculture Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage Programs

WASHINGTON, Oct. 15, 2019 – Agricultural producers now can enroll in the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs – two U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) safety net programs – for the 2020 crop year. Meanwhile, producers who enrolled farms for the 2018 crop year have started receiving more than $1.5 billion for covered commodities for which payments were triggered under such programs. “These two programs provide income support to help producers manage the ups and downs in revenues and prices,” said Richard Fordyce, Administrator of USDA’s Farm Service Agency (FSA). “USDA is here to support the economic stability of American agricultural producers by helping them maintain their competitive edge in times of economic stress. We encourage producers to consider enrolling in one of these programs.” ARC provides income support payments on historical base acres when actual crop revenue declines below a specified guaranteed level. PLC provides income support payments on historical base acres when the effective price for a covered commodity falls below its reference price. The 2018 Farm Bill reauthorized and updated both programs. Signup for the 2020 crop year closes June 30, 2020, while signup for the 2019 crop year closes March 15, 2020. Producers who have not yet enrolled for 2019 can enroll for both 2019 and 2020 during the same visit to an FSA county office. ARC and PLC have options for the farm operator who is actively farming the land as well as the owner of the land. Farm owners also have a one-time opportunity to update PLC payment yields beginning with crop year 2020. If the farm owner and producer visit the FSA county office together, FSA can also update yield information during that visit. Covered commodities include barley, canola, large and small chickpeas, corn, crambe, flaxseed, grain sorghum, lentils, mustard seed, oats, peanuts, dry peas, rapeseed, long grain rice, medium and short grain rice, safflower seed, seed cotton, sesame, soybeans, sunflower seed and wheat. 2018 Crop Year ARC and PLC Payments FSA began processing payments last week for 2018 ARC-County (ARC-CO) and PLC on covered commodities that met payment triggers on enrolled farms in the 2018 crop year. In addition to the $1.5 billion now in process, FSA anticipates it will issue another $1 billion in November once USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service publishes additional commodity prices for the 2018 crop. Producers who had 2018 covered commodities enrolled in ARC-CO can visit www. for payment rates applicable to their county and each covered commodity. For farms and covered commodities enrolled in 2018 PLC, the following crops met payment triggers: barley, canola, corn, dry peas, grain sorghum, lentils, peanuts, and wheat. Oats and soybeans did not meet 2018 PLC payment triggers. 2018 PLC payment rates for the following covered commodities have not been determined: crambe, flaxseed, large and small chickpeas, long and medium grain rice, mustard seed, rapeseed, safflower, seed cotton, sesame seed, sunflower seed and temperate Japonica rice.

On December 20, 2018, President Trump signed into law the 2018 Farm Bill, which provides income support, certainty and stability to our nation’s farmers, ranchers and land stewards by enhancing farm support programs, improving crop insurance, maintaining disaster programs and promoting and supporting voluntary conservation. For more information on ARC and PLC including two online decision tools that assist producers in making enrollment and election decisions specific to their operations, visit the ARC and PLC webpage. For additional questions and assistance, contact your local USDA service center. To locate your local FSA office, visit


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You’ve Got a Name Words By: Morgan Marley Certified Angus Beef Buyers know your calves by their history and connect that to your name. Sometimes it’s all they know about you, good or bad. With a “good name,” you can make deals by phone, sealed with a handshake. Not preparing or knowing how calves perform after weaning keeps a lid on sale prices. “It takes several years to build your reputation,” says Bo Bevis, an agent for Northern Livestock Video Auction in Montana and buyer for Lamberton (Minn.) Stockyards. To the south, Joplin (Mo.) Regional Stockyards co-owner Jackie Moore says, “The cattle speak for themselves and the producer. After cattlemen get into a routine, the buyer sitting there has most likely been purchasing your calves for a long time.” Since postweaning performance depends so much on genetics, reputations for commercial ranchers often link to their bull suppliers. “Seedstock customers are the commercial cattlemen, and their customers are the feeders,” Bevis says. Options for all include livestock auctions or “sale barns,” satellite-video auctions, or direct deals with feedyards. Your management may determine the best marketing channels. Along the way are many questions that even those with the best reputations had to start with.

How should I market my calves? Livestock auctions are the traditional way. At a basic level, you can load them up and take them to town a day or hours before the sale and wait for your check. Anyone can sell there, and it may be the only option for small operations or groups of uneven calves. “The folks at the sale barn will sort out the light ones,” Bevis says. “There will be smaller packages with the same size and color steers. That’s where the order buyer bids on them and puts purchases together in packages.” Livestock auctions often provide much more sophisticated services as well, and remain a solid way to build a reputation, Moore notes. Video auction sales require enough calves to make a load. “A load is anywhere from 48,000 to 64,000 pounds,” Bevis says. “You want to have like kind, but oftentimes there are mixed loads where it’s steers and heifers.” The average U.S. beef herd of 40 head isn’t big enough without cooperative “pooling,” or partnering with neighbors to make up enough calves for a load. It’s not common but a good option for some, he says. One benefit of the video auction can be its ability

to capture typically strong, early summer markets that livestock auctions can’t provide real-time.

Looking down from 30,000 feet on Nevada’s craggy, arid landscape doesn’t evoke an image of what most people think of as rangeland. But this vast and seemingly desolate place as viewed from five miles high actually supports a vital and healthy livestock industry. In an environment which receives an average 7.5 inches of precipitation a year, careful and constant management of these particular rangelands is crucial. More than 85 percent of nevada is managed by the federal government under the supervision of the bureau of land management, the u.s. forest service, and the military. Because private land is very limited, ranchers need to use some of these public lands, as well as their own, for grazing herds of cattle and sheep. ranchers are given an allotment and a predetermined number of livestock are allowed to graze at a per-head fee.

This has been an agreeable partnership for close to a hundred years, with both parties active in managing the land to accommodate many uses such as wildlife habitat and recreation as well as grazing. The health of our rangeland is in everyone’s best interest. Land has always been the foundation of our nation’s wealth and the men and women who work that land are the traditional caretakers. land management and conservation science have advanced greatly over the last decades and modern ranchers keep up, or are in the lead.

Carefully grazed rangeland has been shown to be healthier and more productive than ungrazed land separated by only a wire fence. Grazing animals control invasive species and organic matter that fuels destructive wildfires. Like most of the west, nevada has been impacted by urban growth, especially by the increased demands on a limited water supply. Natural resources are under pressure so it becomes increasingly critical to manage our rangelands to benefit not only our livestock industry, but the very place we call home.

When should I sell? Your first concern is managing cattle, but getting paid well means understanding the market. “If a producer is going into it blind and going into it brand new in the cattle business, my advice would be to look at a 15-year trend,” Bevis says. “See where the chosen marketing month peaks and just go off of that. I tell my customers all the time, do not chase markets.” Prices move up and down seasonally by class, as any veteran marketer knows. “Pay attention to what’s going on within the market and study how it works,” Moore advises. “Learn where the highs are for certain types of cattle and the lows for certain types of cattle. Try to hit those high times with your calves if they fit.” For example, a 900-pound steer sells well just after Thanksgiving because it will be an April fat steer. The market traditionally sees finished cattle selling highest in February through April with lows from July to October. Those seasonal trends reflect what’s happening on the ranch. Most calves arrive in the spring and sell after weaning in October and November.

4780 East Idaho Street, Elko, NV 89801 • 775-738-4082 This ad is funded through the NRRC’s assessment of 10¢ per AUM paid by public land ranchers.


“Build it up by finding answers for your calves” “There’s always a glut of them,” Moore says, so prices are going to be lower then. “It’s just the way it works. People who sell then are always hitting a bad market.” How soon do I make contact? After you’ve made it through branding and processing, you have a headcount on the number of steers and heifers you can gather in a few months. That’s a good time to contact feedyards, sales agents or “reps” and find the best marketing channels. Marketing professionals provide insight beyond what the typical farmer or rancher has time to judge regarding short- and long-term opportunities. Even that basic plan to simply drop calves off at the livestock auction works best if you give them two or three days’ notice. A step up is to include that market manager earlier as you research options because livestock auctions regularly promote premium-quality offerings. “A lot of people are spur-of-the-moment sellers,” Moore says. “Another thing is, when the market looks like it is gonna be up $5 or $10, well that’s a pretty good selling point.” If you decided to put those calves in a video auction the timeline advances several weeks or more, the sooner the better. What’s the latest? “If you’re putting them on the video auction, we need to have that paperwork in a week ahead of time,” Moore says. Your rep isn’t just there to promote your cattle on sale day. “It takes a lot of time and a lot of phone calls,” Bevis says. He stays in touch with customers throughout the year, especially in marketing seasons to make sure he gets the video work lined up and calves where they need to be. How can calves look their best? Mother Nature can sometimes swoop in and steal the show just before a sale or video, taking calves from full to wrung-out in short order. And they need to look their best for prospective buyers, says Moore. “It’s all a visual thing, so you do whatever it takes.” That can mean taking a rain check on the video or waiting to sell, but there’s also a bigger picture in the calendar. “I like to get a little more growth on them before I get them on video,” Bevis says. “I like to film the cattle on green grass. It’s just aesthetics, and cattle look a lot better walking across a green field than they do a brown field.” That’s another reason to contact a video rep sooner. Capturing calves at their best on camera means choosing the right age and size, and fitting the shoot into open weather. Video auction sales include a price slide to ensure fairness because weights are estimated for the future delivery. A listing might say calves will weigh 800 pounds (lb.) and sell with an $.08/lb. slide. If they sell at $1.40/lb. but weigh 840 after shrink, the difference of 40 X 8 means subtracting $.032, so the sale price of $136.80/cwt. yields a net price of $1,149.12

per head. The slide would add a similar amount to the price per pound if they were 40 lb. lighter than estimate. “We need a slide in there to adjust the price because an 840- or 850-lb. steer is not worth near as much per pound as one that weighs a smooth 800 lb.” How can I keep them healthy? “Health is the most important thing in calves to any feeder,” Bevis says, suggesting a “rigorous” health and mineral program. Yard managers comingle cattle from widely different sources, and successful adapting takes strict adherence to vaccination regimes. That’s why feedyards demand vaccinated calves with primed immune systems. The vaccination protocol pays its way, in 2019 stacking up another $6 to $7/cwt., Bevis says. Add 45-day preconditioning (a key standard for “weaned”) and there’s more value. “A weaned calf is worth about $10 or $15/cwt. more than a non-weaned one,” Moore says. In some areas, the recommendation is 60 days weaned, says Brandon Myers, owner of Cattlemen’s Livestock Exchange, Caldwell, W.V. “We suggest the longer preconditioning period because with so many smaller producers, we have more frequent comingling,” he says. In an industry where health maintenance is the highest cost, it pays to work with your veterinarian to develop a vaccination program for any preconditioning period and ready for whatever comes next at the feedyard. How do I convey information? You want the sale-barn bidders and buyers to know as much as possible about your calves. There are opportunities to share their resume when alerting the sale manager your calves are coming in, and again when checking them in. “We’ll convey that along to the buyers out of the auction block,” Moore says. “We’ll announce what shots they’ve had or the genetics that were used.” On the video auction, that information is in the

auction book and read off before the cattle sell. Either way, the key is to contact the sales agent in time for them to help sell your calves so as to get the most value. Are there value-added sales? Those who go the extra mile may do well to set up a direct marketing channel with a feedyard. Another option is the value-added “special sale” where order-buyers fill premium orders for those yards. “It’s just a way of tracking the information and keeping a more accurate record of it,” Moore explains. Some of the popular value-added premiums are for all-natural, or non-hormone-treated cattle (NHTC) or certified under the Global Animal Partnership (GAP) for animal welfare. “To enroll your cattle in those you’ve got to months out ahead of marketing your calves,” Bevis says. Conversations with your sales reps can help find the program that is most relevant for your management and genetics. Bevis takes it as his responsibility to help ranchers find the premiums that will help “bring in a few extra dollars.”


New Campaign Sheds Light on Beef Animal Care Standards

The Beef Quality Assurance program sets standards across beef industry, leading to safe, high-quality beef Consumers will soon learn about the steps beef farmers and ranchers take to care for their animals and to produce high quality beef in a new promotion and advertising campaign about the Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) program. BQA trains farmers and ranchers on best practices and cattle management techniques to ensure their animals and the environment are cared for within a standard set of guidelines. The program began 30 years ago, and today more than 85 percent of beef produced in the U.S. comes from a farmer or rancher who has been BQA certified. The producer-facing BQA program will now be introduced to consumers via a campaign designed to meet their desire to learn more about how beef is produced. The integrated marketing and communication campaign includes a new video from Beef. It’s What’s for Dinner. bringing the BQA program to life by highlighting how cattle farmers and ranchers across the country raise cattle under BQA guidelines. The video will be used in marketing efforts and is available to consumers on the new BQA section of Consumers will also be able to learn more about BQA through interactive “BQ&A” Instagram stories addressing common questions about how cattle are raised. The video, website and social activations provide consumers with an overview of the BQA program and the ongoing commitment of cattle farmers and ranchers to caring for their animals and providing the safest and highest quality beef possible. “According to market research, the majority of consumers say they consider how and where their food is raised when making a meal decision,” said Josh White, executive director of Producer Education at the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, a contractor to the Beef Checkoff. “The BQA program offers consumers assur-

ance that there are consistent animal care standards in place across the beef industry. BQA exemplifies what beef farmers and ranchers have always cared about – a commitment to caring for their animals and providing families with the safest and highest-quality beef possible, and we look forward to introducing this important program to consumers.” The foundation of BQA is a set of educational resources promoting animal care practices that are based in science and align with governmental regulations. These resources are reviewed by an expert advisory group consisting of farmers and ranchers, veterinarians and animal scientists who meet quarterly to evaluate the program, discuss trending topics, review the latest research and make recommended changes or updates, as needed. The BQA program specifically addresses and provides training in the following areas, among others: • Cattle handling • Cattle health • Cattle nutrition • Cattle transportation “With the vast majority of the beef supply in the U.S. today coming from a BQA certified farmer or rancher, and many packing plants and restaurant chains setting BQA requirements, consumers should have the utmost confidence in the beef they consume and purchase both at restaurants and supermarkets,” White added. Cattle farmers and ranchers can become BQA certified by either attending a classroom course taught by a network of hundreds of state BQA coordinators and trainers or by completing a series of robust online courses. Certification is good for three years, after which time farmers and ranchers must become re-certified to ensure they have the most up-to-date information and are trained on the latest BQA guidelines.

Not only does the BQA program provide guidelines for proper animal care and welfare, these management guidelines also result in the production of higher quality beef. In fact, the beef industry is producing more high-quality beef today than ever before, with more than 80 percent of beef grading the highest available USDA quality grades of Prime or Choice. For more information about the BQA program and the high-quality beef produced today by U.S. cattle farmers and ranchers, visit Digital ads such as the one below are now featured on a variety of platforms as part of this campaign.

Are you Beef Quality Assurance Certified? Becoming BQA certified is easier than ever. If you’d like to get certified, or renew your certification, visit to learn more. Online certification is free and available 24/7! BQA certification remains valid for three years.

Beef Enchilada Soup When the weather turns chilly, there’s nothing like a piping hot bowl of beef chili to warm you up. This recipe offers a different take on the traditional beef chili. Created by rancher and blogger Debbie Lyons-Blythe, it is expertly tested while staying true to homespun flavors. INGREDIENTS: • 2 pounds Ground Beef (93% lean or leaner) • 2 cans (14-1/2 ounces each) reduced-sodium beef broth • 1 can (28 ounces) crushed tomatoes • 1 can (19 ounces) mild enchilada sauce • 1 can (15 ounces) black beans, drained and rinsed • 1 can (15 ounces) kidney beans, drained and rinsed • 1 can (15 ounces) sweet corn, drained • 1 can (4 ounces) diced green chilies • 2 packets (1 ounce each) taco seasoning mix • 8 sliced flour tortillas (1/4-inch strips) • Garnishes: Shredded cheese, sliced avocado, sour cream, taco seasoning (optional) 38   THE NEVADA RANCHER – NOVEMBER 2019

COOKING INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Heat large nonstick skillet over medium heat until hot. Add Ground Beef; cook 12 to 15 minutes, breaking into 1/2-inch crumbles and stirring occasionally. Cook’s Tip: Cooking times are for fresh or thoroughly thawed ground beef. Ground beef should be cooked to an internal temperature of 160°F. Color is not a reliable indicator of ground beef doneness. 2. Transfer beef into 4-1/2 to 5-1/2-quart slow cooker; add all other ingredients. Cover and cook on HIGH 2 hours or LOW 4 hours until flavors are blended. Garnish soup with tortillas, cheese, avocado, sour cream and taco seasoning, as desired.

What the Checkoff is doing to drive demand for beef.



Strong consumer beef demand is expected to continue through 2019 with the USDA predicting consumers in the United States will eat 8.9% more beef this year than in 2015. Much of beef’s demand is driven by ground beef and loin cuts, which are particularly popular with consumers at the grocery store.

The Beef Checkoff participated in the 2019 NBC4 Health & Fitness Expo in Washington D.C., the nation’s largest gathering of health and fitness professionals in the U.S., to educate consumers on the nutritional value of beef.

INNOVATION EXPORT GROWTH Through support from the Beef Checkoff ’s subcontractor, U.S. Meat Export Federation, U.S. beef exports grew 15% in 2018 to more than $8 billion, adding more than $320 per head of fed cattle.

The Beef Checkoff recently launched Chuck Knows Beef, an all-things-beef personality powered by Google Artificial Intelligence. Chuck Knows Beef can be found on the web and mobile devices and through smart speakers by Amazon Alexa and Google Home. Chuck can provide all information found on the “Beef. It’s What’s for Dinner.” website.

SAFETY The Beef Checkoff congregated at the 8th annual Antibiotic Symposium, attracting nearly 150 stakeholders from the “one health” community – including experts from animal health, human health and environmental health – to discuss antimicrobial resistance in the human population, and how our food plays a role in that issue.

CONSUMER TRUST Team BEEF is a Beef Checkoff project which enlists athletes around the country to spark conversations and provide beef education to consumers and other athletes at running and fitness events regarding beef’s unique nutritional benefits.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, November 2018  USDA ERS Livestock & Meat Domestic Data; USDA WASDE, July 2018  Tonsor, Schroeder, Creating and Assessing Candidate Food Service and Retail Beef Demand Indices, January 2017. IRI/Freshlook, Total US MULO ending 10/26/18; Categorized by VMMeat System  USDA data compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation

Read about these and other successes at And to learn more about efforts right here in Nevada, visit

All Geared Up

Photo and Words By: Norma Elliott Nevada Rancher Magazine

He had worked night after night, once his newborn daughter and three year old son had gone to bed. The dim lights of his shop illuminated their little piece of Heaven on the ranch. Ranch house, pens, a little shop, a few ranch cats, and two dogs on evening patrol. Nearby, a couple of horses with bended necks nibbling grass....all nestled between rock cliff and a creek. The wood stove, in his shop, stoked to warm the hours he would spend, making a special gift for a little cowboy who dreams of being just like dad. Warm coffee gets cold quick when he loses himself in the project. A railroad spike gets baptizes into fire and is brought to hammer and anvil, beating out it’s orange color until it turns to black. A smooth, pliable shape begins to form and mimics the vision in his head. His son’s tiny handmade boot from RC’s, are close by for reference and the curved metal is measured and pounded until it cups nicely, resting on the tiny spur ridge. He has completed his work for now and will tuck it away, where little hands won’t wonder and steal the curved piece to use to make dirt roads for miniature pickup trucks.

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Flying M Ranch

One of Nevada Great Ranches. Over 23,480 acres of deeded land which includes 23 miles of River Front on the Humboldt River. Property features 3 homes. Main home is a large 4 bedroom 3 bathroom home that includes a walk in cooler. Exceptional working cattle facility with large scale and covered hydraulic chute 2479 water righted acres with old water rights first used by Wells Fargo Stage to pasture. Private and federal grazing land. Cattle are turned out in Oct and come in to lush meadows in July.

Paradise Valley Farm/Ranch

This Farm/Ranch is a total of 1048.43 acres, w/two homes, amazing piped arena, working pens, scale house Shop, Feedlot and much much more! Farm Currently has approx 400 acres in production 85 acres is alfalfa/grass mix, and the rest is straight alfalfa approximately 1800-2000 tons a yr. There is a gorgeous 2726 sq ft 4 bedroom 2.5 bath ranch style kit home fully landscaped yard w/trees. This Farm is a must-see!

Sandhill Feedlot

3200 Head Turn-Key Feedlot, Full cattle processing facility complete with a scale, commodity barn, full concrete hay storage 397.54 deeded acres, Office main/house 3 employee houses, and equipment included offered at $1,250,000.00

Dixie Valley Farm For Sale

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Each night would be much the same as he tweaks and tinkers the first set of spurs his son will own. A cursive pattern, drawn out by mom that will become the silverwork adorning the outside, “Trace”, so precisely placed on the ban. He has already begun his years of collecting gear. Gear both passed down, made, traded and bought. Gear that will see adventures, he will outgrow, and he will care for and repair. I think of the hours our son put into those lit’l spurs and our grandson proudly walking around the house with them on. He now jiggles like dad. He stops every few minutes to look down, cock his foot sideways, or bend to turn the rowl with his little fingers. A gift he will never forget. This gear, so important for a little guy who is probably riding the oldest horse in the remuda...the spurs will come in handy to motivate his 1200 pound friend to catch up with the rest. Isn’t that amazing, something so small able to move an animal the size of a horse. In Hebrews 10:23-25, we are to spur one another on to love and good deeds and I’m interested in how I need to do this. I don’t take it lightly when God mentions cowboy gear in the Bible and I want to gain understanding to this lesson. How can we take something that seems so small and motivate each other to move something so big….our family, our community, and even our Country. Love and good deeds are contagious, just like a group of horses loping together. That’s what we should look like as we make this gather down here below. Spurring one another on to the finished product, trusting God for His promises of what’s to come. You see, we’ve got a big job, one that takes consistent nudging, moving, watching out for one another, and motivating one another along the way. A job that reminds us of the good, that reminds us of His ultimate love and to turn and mimic His vision for what He’s creating and molding us into. A job that starts with one little piece of gear that moves us for a much bigger purpose. My friends, spur one another on today, we’ve got the gear...ride up for the gather. Thank you for reading


The Kids Horse

Desolate Ranch Wife

“Jim, grab her off the horse. He’s going to spook. He doesn’t look like he’s OK with the situation. He looks nervous.” “I think you’re the one who’s nervous. Just lead her around, she’ll be fine.”

I handed my husband the lead rope that was attached to the horse our Commentary by three-year-old daughter was sitting Jolyn Young atop, forced air into my lungs, and walked away. I’ve been around livestock for all of my nearly 30 years, and I knew darn good and well that the horse and my daughter were picking up on my nervousness. I wanted to be near the pair in case I needed to help or protect my daughter, but truthfully I was more liable to just freak the freak out and cause a wreck. I’ve started colts for a living and necked yearlings running full-tilt down the shoulder of Mountain City Highway with a semi truck as a hazer, but putting my daughter on top of a horse and telling her to have fun scares the bejeebers out of me. My husband and I worked out a system that I liked where I led the horse and he walked beside her, ready to catch her if necessary. I want Grace to grow up enjoying horses and riding them, and I want to protect her from unsafe or negative experiences. We had tried letting Grace ride a couple of our super-gentle bridle horses

All In A Day’s Ride

Many years ago, I was shoeing horses in Reno, Nevada, had a pretty good business going too. The going rate for a shoeing was $12.00 dollars and $5.00 for a trim. I was living in the tall cotton. You’re probably wondering how I could make a living? Well shoes were .30 cents a pound, a 5# box of Capewell nails was $5.00 and you could buy a box of 6 race track rasps for $6.00. Cowboying paid a whopping $300.00 a Commentary by month plus board an room and you furDavid W. Glaser nished your gear, didn’t take too many horses to beat that, do the math. One of my customers was a little old race horse trainer by the name of Don Welham, he had been a good jokey in years past, but he would have a hard time making weight right now. Don was good trainer and he knew horses inside and out. He trained race horses for a gentleman that owned a big Casino on Virginia street in Reno and ran them on the track in Reno. One day he brought me a big good looking grey horse to shoe, his instructions were, “he’s good to shoe, just don’t go jerking him around and DO NOT hit him with anything, got it?” I tied him in the shoeing bay which was a U-shaped unit made out of cinder block. Everything was going pretty darn good, he was only a wee bit fidgety, but we were on the last hind foot and clinching at last nails when he started jerking his foot. I gave him a little bump in the belly with the handle of my rasp, which he promptly kicked out of my hand. The next series of kicks rained sparks off the cinder blocks and followed me as I exited the stall in a hurry. Don was standing there laughing, said “I told you son, I told you!” Don was a good story teller and he like to talk about the Ol Day’s. One day over a cup of coffee he told this story, and according to him, it was true too. When he was younger and still riding, a bunch got to talking about which was faster the horse or a motorcycle, one thing leads to another and pretty soon they had a bet going. Don was riding a real good horse that the Casino owner owned and they matched him with this big greasy looking dude from Berkley California on his Harley Hog. The race was to take place in Reno on the 4th of July, quarter mile from a standing start, winner take all. The purse was $1000.00, a lot of money in them days. This all started in May, so the Casino started a Book on the race and the betting was hot an heavy. Mean while back at the ranch Don started ponying his horse with a loud motorcycle. He had met the dude from California, who the promoter had billed as Crazy Clyde and Don knew he might be a wee bit unethical. Don however was no dummy and had a few tricks up his sleeve too. One of them was to change his racing bat from a short one to a longer one which he had wrapped with copper wire. The Fourth of July, the main attraction on this race day was the match race,

around, but they weren’t quite comfortable with her unpredictable toddler movements. If she jerked an arm up and let out a squall unexpectedly, they’d spook sideways and scare the hell out of Mom. After we’d been at the Spanish Ranch a few weeks, Jim said he had an older gelding in his string that was named Butters, but he spelled it l-a-z-y. He thought Butters was gentle and desensitized enough for Grace, so I helped our little cowgirl get her boots on and head to the barn for a test ride. We tried our walk-and-lead system, but Butters was eyeballing the cowboy walking alongside him and not OK with that at all. The horse seemed unperturbed by his small passenger, though, so I decided to trust my husband, who was equally invested in the little person I wanted so desperately to protect, and stepped away so Jim could lead the pair and I could remove my nervous energy from the situation. With baby Milo strapped to my chest, I stood in the barn and chatted with another cowboy on the crew while he shod a horse. I peeked out periodically to observe a tall cowboy leading a buckskin horse around the yard with a super-happy little pink person sitting atop her daddy’s saddle. Butters’ head was lower than his withers, and he lazily swung his head from side to side while he slowly walked along. Jim stopped every so often to pet Butters on the neck and remind his daughter to hang onto the saddle horn. I relaxed and let myself enjoy the fact that we’d found Grace a good kid’s horse. I made myself ignore the fact that he was packing a pitchfork iron on his left hip (the Spanish Ranch brand), as the Span horses have a reputation for being tough and broncy. I judged the scene and horse before me on their own merits, and thanked Jim for leading Grace around and helping instill an early love of ranch life in our young daughter. between the horse and the motorcycle. The grand stands were filled and the betting was heavy as the post parade began and the announcer introduced the two entries. “Ladies and Gentlemen, we have Jockey Don Welham on the great grey quarter horse, Go to The War racing against the Notorious Crazy Clyde, the scourge of Berkley Californian on his Harley he calls Thunder & Lightning.” Don is telling me this story now, blow by blow. “We were in the post parade, I was hand galloping The War, warming him up an ol Clyde was revving his bike up loud making close passes at The War, doing wheelies and throwing dirt all over the place. Just one look at ol Clyde, would drive a pack of wolves off a gut pile. His most impressive feature was his large crocked nose that had more breaks in it than a semi-truck. When he lifted his purple goggles, his one good eye was piercing, the other was nonfunctional, could a been glass. They call us to the starting line and ol Clyde got real close to us, still gunning his engine. The War just stood his ground, as the starter yelled, On your mark, Get set. Just as he said Go I laid that whip right across ol Clyde’s gnarly, soon to be broken again nose, with force. The War broke fast and headed down the track, I looked over my shoulder just in time to see Clyde’s mount rear up, buck him off and run off out through the brush. We won the race and somewhere during the race that whip disappeared into the track side duck pond. I had to steer clear of Clyde for a long time, but the horse beat the bike that day.” It’s all in a Day’s Ride!

Contact David to purchase his book or call 208-989-5404

Tire troughs for sale, 8', 12' and 13' water troughs. Call Walter Wilson for pricing 775-427-1523


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2014 Magnum 280CVT, 235 PTO HP, GPS, suspended axle, 380R54, 1400 hrs ......... $167,033 1994 Case IH Maxxum 5250, 2wd, rebuilt engine and PTO ............................................ $37,500

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Antelope Peak Ranch​: 5,300 deeded plus BLM permit attached to ranch. 5 Expires 11/30/19. Cannot be combined with any other offer. irrigating approx. 583 acres plus another 28 acres with surface water rightsMust outpresent of large coupon at time of service. spring. Three homes plus shop and other outbuildings. This Elko Co. ranch offered at $3,900,000. and no payments for 12 months Mason Mountain Ranch: ​3782 deeded acres plus small BLM permit.​ ​Summerso.a.c. up to 300 In equipment onpair new Expires Cannot becombined with any other offer. the past. Recent improvements to stock watering sources and new set of11/30/19. corrals. Must present coupon at time of service. Landowner Elk Tag(s). This is good summer range! $1,750,000. ​PENDING Still showing and back-up offers considered!

Ruby Valley Ranch​: 1,023 Acres at foot of the Rubies with surface water rights for approx.. 300 acres and permits for 375 acres of underground water for irrigation. On paved road. Some improvements Price: ​ ​$750./acre.

White Flats:​ Approx. 2560 deeded acres, all contiguous, approx.. 15 miles South of Elko with 7 7 5 - 6 2 5 - 1 6 5 4 fence for 4 miles already. Would make a good seeding! Price: $499,500.

24522 water • CA 652354 • MHD-A0073 Jiggs, Nevada Smith Creek Property​: ​ 2 ​ 20 deeded acres with approx.. 126 withNV surface rights out of Smith Creek. Great homesite already carved out of the hill above the meadows with well and trees planted. On county maintained road approx.. 30 miles out of Elko. Price: $700,000. Paul D. Bo�ari, Broker E-mail: • Bus. 775-752-3040 • Res. 775-752-3809 Ranch properties now available through Bottari and Associates Realty • Fax 775-752-3021 • 122 8th Street • P.O. Box 368 • Wells, NV 89835

Bottari & Associates Realty


Antelope Peak Ranch


Property Near Wells, NV

5,300 deeded plus BLM permit attached to ranch. 5 480 acres of which approx.. 60 have irrigation water rights center pivot’s irrigating approx. 583 acres plus another 28 out of well. acres with surface water rights out of large spring. Three Price: $270,000. homes plus shop and other outbuildings. 1 land owner Elk Tag. This Elko Co. ranch offered.

Elko Area River Property with Water Rights

650 deeded acres of which approximately 300 acres have surface water rights out of the Humboldt. Humboldt River splits it. Access at the Ryndon Exit. Price: $950,000.

REDUCED Price: $3,600,000. NEW LISTING: Wells ranch property for sale 3796 deeded acres in several pastures plus an underground irrigation permit for 125 acres.

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Market Report


Auction Directory Get the most up-to-date market reports by visiting these websites NEVADA Nevada Livestock Marketing LLC Sale every Wednesday 1025 North Allen Road, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 423-7760 Fax: (775) 423-1813 • Fallon Livestock LLC Sale every Tuesday 2055 Trento Lane, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 867-2020 Fax: (775) 867-2021 • Superior Livestock Auction Load-lots of cattle sold via satellite and the Internet Northern Nevada

Representative Allie Bear (775) 738-8534

CALIFORNIA Shasta Livestock Auction Yard Sale every Friday Cottonwood, California Office: (530) 347-3793 Fax: (530) 347-0329 • Cattlemen’s Livestock Market Sale every Wednesday 12495 E. Stockton Blvd., Galt, California Office: (209) 745-1515

IDAHO Producers Livestock Marketing Assn.

11 South 100 West, Jerome, Idaho Office: (208) 324-4345 Cattle auction every Tuesday; dairy auction every-other Wednesday • Treasure Valley Livestock Auction Beef sale every Friday; General sale every other Saturday 1901 E. Chicago, Caldwell, Idaho Office: (208) 459-7475; (800) 788-4429 • Twin Falls Livestock Commission Office: (208) 733-7474 630 Commercial Ave. Twin Falls, ID

OREGON Producers Livestock Marketing Sale every Wednesday P.O. Box 67, Vale, Oregon Office: (541) 473-3136 • Central Oregon Livestock Auction Sale Every Monday 3457 S.W. Hwy. 97 Madras, Oregon Office: (541) 475-3851 www.centraloregonlivestock

Livestock Auction Services SALE EVERY WEDNESDAY! Jack Payne, Mgr.: 775-217-9273 Carey Hawkins: 208-724-6712 Office: 775-423-7760

SALE EVERY TUESDAY 2055Trento Lane, Fallon, NV 89406 (775) 867-2020 - Fax (775) 867-2021 - Email Tommy Lee, Owner (775) 741-4523 office (775) 217-2259

SALE November 21, 2019 Video Auction Consigment Deadline Nov. 11 December 5, 2019 Video Auction Consigment Deadline Nov. 23



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