July 2019 NV Rancher Magazine

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(775) 623-5011 The Nevada Rancher

(ISSN 0047-9489) (USPS #003-257) Published monthly at Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445 Call us toll free at (866) 644-5011 Periodical Postage Paid at Winnemucca, 89445

Publisher, Peter Bernhard Editor, Ashley Buckingham Staff Writer, Jennifer Whiteley Contributors, Heather Smith Thomas, David Glaser, Norma Elliot, Sarah Hummel, and Jolyn Young. Sales Representative Ashley Buckingham

I can’t believe the year is more than half-way through. July will be another eventful month. Our July travels will include the McDermitt 4th of July Ranch Hand Rodeo, Western Video Market’s Reno Sale, Elko’s Silver State Stampede, Harney County’s Ranch Rodeo in Burns, OR, and finally Rope for Hope in Denio. There is a remarkable world outside of the western states; places where agriculture and ranching are thriving and others where they are barely surviving. Someday I hope to visit Australlia. Do you have an international destination to explore on your bucket list? I pray your haying equipment repairs are minimal, that your cattle stay off those riparian areas and those ranch rodeo teams have fun!

Cover Photo By: Nicole Poyo Photography

Graphic Designer, Emily Swindle The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for statements by advertisers nor products advertised within, and The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for opinions expressed in articles submitted for publication. The publisher reserves the right to accept or reject advertising or editorial material submitted for publication. Contents in The Nevada Rancher may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including, but not limited to original contents and original composition of all ads (layout and artwork) without prior written permission. Subscription rate: $16.00 per year.

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BobiRose Buckingham and Wade Williams hang out during the Bar X Ranch branding.

I hope you enjoy this issue. -Ashley

Inside This Issue: BEEFERENT- Raising Quality Beef in Italy- pg 10

Frankie Baumeister during the 2018 McDermitt Ranch Rodeo Grand Entry. Read Frankie’s story starting on page 16

American Ambition: Frankie Baumeister- pg 16 Prunty Ranch History- pg 20 Nevada Exports- pg 32 Lovelock Ranch Rodeo Results- pg 40

Office Manager, Tracy Wadley Production Manager, Joe Plummer

Photo By: Rocking Lazy A Photography

Fast Times Full Hearts Roping Weekend Results pg 41. Pictured Full Hearts Co. TeamDesi Dotson and Taylor Hurley working the ground with rodeo host, Claire Buchanan on the heel side. Photo By Kathy Bengoa The Cowboy Life

........and more!

Hello from Cow Country By Sam Mori President, NV Cattlemen’s Assoc.

I certainly hope your summer is going well, as it was late in arriving, but it is always nice to be able to change gears and enjoy the new season. As we evaluate the current state of our industry, it is easy to be consumed by the negative things being reported and talked about it. However, at the end of the day, I feel it is essential to focus on how fortunate we are to be able to do what we do as ranchers and farmers and live in the greatest world. The Nevada Cattlemen’s Association is committed to being an asset to you as we face the challenges that we all encounter. Our diverse committees are led by experienced people and are here to address your concerns. One item that will be of interest to many of us is a special marketing session that will take place at the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association Annual Convention in Elko, NV on November 21-23, 2019. During the session, we will hear from a broad representation of the people that handle our cattle after they leave the ranch. It will allow us to communicate with these folks about what they truly want and don’t want in the cattle they buy. This presentation will be done in a panel discussion format with a question and answer period for engagement between buyers and sellers. I feel this session is timely

due to the fact that feed costs and cost of gain are going up and will change the market we are selling into. With trade being such a vital part of our export market future, it is important to communicate to our congressional delegation not to delay any deals that will allow for fair commerce. Many thanks go out to our Legislators, lobbyist and their staff, as we saw the Nevada Legislators end the 2019 session. Friends I am going to be honest with you on this, we are in a changing state, and most of our legislators don’t understand rural Nevada. It becomes so crucial to educate and communicate with them about the real asset the rural counties are to our state and nation. By the time you read this article, the Board of Directors will have met with the State Directors of four Government Agencies on June 20th in Elko. We will let you know of any changes or concerns that are of value as they arise. I want to remind all of you that your Association is here to serve your needs and concerns. If we can be of help in any way, don’t hesitate to call. Thank you for your time and best wishes. Until next time, Sam Mori

Opportunity of a Lifetime By Kaley (Sproul) Chapin Executive Director, NV Cattlemen’s Assoc.

On May 29th through June 7th, I had the opportunity to attend the 2019 Young Cattlemen’s Conference (YCC) hosted by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA). Words can hardly describe how amazing an experience it was and how grateful I am to have attended on behalf of the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association (NCA). A special thank you to Newmont Goldcorp for sponsoring the opportunity for Nevada to send someone to YCC every year. The NCA greatly appreciates their support in helping to build leaders of tomorrow within the beef industry. At NCBA’s YCC program, over 60 cattle and beef professionals from across the country and across the industry attended the conference. It is a chance for young leaders to gain an understanding of all aspects of the beef industry from pasture to plate and showcase the industry’s involvement in policy making, issues management, research, education, and marketing. Beginning at the NCBA headquarters in Centennial, Colo., we got an inside look at many of the issues affecting the beef industry and the work being done on both the state and national level to address these issues on behalf of the NCBA membership. While in Denver, we were given an overview of NCBA’s organizational structure and activities, as well as retailers’ perspective on the beef industry. From Denver, we traveled north to Greeley, Colo., where we visited and toured the JBS Greeley Beef Plant, Five River’s Kuner Feedyard, and Greeley HatWorks. Next, we traveled to Chicago where we visited McDonald’s Campus and OSI, one of the nation’s premiere beef patty producers. After the brief stop in Chicago, the conference concluded the trip in Washington D.C., for an in-depth briefing on current policy issues including international trade and industry issues. Following the presentations, we were visited one-on-one with members of our state’s congressional delegation, expressing viewpoints regarding the beef industry. During my meetings with the Nevada congressional delegation, I met with staff members from the following offices: Congressman Amodei, Congressman Horsford, Congresswoman Titus, Senator Cortez Masto, and Senator Rosen. I also met directly with Congresswoman Susie Lee. At these meetings, I specifically spoke about the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement, the value of grazing and continued support for flexibility in grazing permits, the Wild Horse and Burro Proposal, and continued support for Electronic Logging Device (ELD) delay for livestock haulers. It is important to continually communicate with our representatives on these issues because they do not always understand how these issues impact our

beef industry. Along with building an open line of communication with the staff members, it is important to note how much the NCBA and Public Lands Council (PLC) do on the Hill for our industry. They are continuously working on our behalf and being at the forefront of these issues. If you would like to know more about my visits on the Hill, please contact me at 775-738-9214. With the beef industry changing rapidly, identifying and educating leaders has never been so important. As a grassroots trade association representing the beef industry, the NCBA is proud to play a role in that process and its future success. Over 1,000 cattlemen and women have graduated from the YCC program since its inception in 1980. Many of these alumni have gone to serve in state and national committees, councils, and boards. YCC is the cornerstone of leadership training in the cattle industry. Along with learning more about the industry from pasture to plate, I had the pleasure of meeting so many impressive Young Cattlemen and Cattlewomen from across the nation. I am proud of being a part of such a great industry. If you are interested in being the next attendee on behalf of the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association, please contact myself or any other YCC alumni from NV. I would be glad to talk to you more about this incredible experience.


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When buying from a maker, you’re buying more than just an object. You are buying hundreds of hours of failures and experimentation. You are buying days, weeks & months of frustrations and moments of pure joy. You aren’t just buying a thing, you are buying a piece of heart, part of a soul, a moment of someone’s life. Most importantly your are supporting someone’s dream and passion.

Interested in having your item featured as part of our Ranch Journal? Contact Ashley Buckingham at (775) 304-8814

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Raymond Leroy Colyer Raymond Leroy Colyer, 94, of Bruneau passed away peacefully from natural causes on Monday, June 10, 2019 at a Boise care facility. Ray was born September 15, 1924 to Troy Guy and Lois Emery Colyer in Castleford, Idaho. He was raised with four brothers and two sisters and attended school in Three Creek. After graduating from 8th grade, he went to work full time for his neighbors, the Hawes family. It was during his time in their employment while taking cattle to Bruneau for the winter that he met the love of his life, Bonnie Black. Ray was drafted into the Army on January 27, 1945 and was sent to Camp Roberts, CA for basic training. While home on furlough, Ray and Bonnie eloped to Elko, NV on June 25, 1945 to be married. With World War II raging on, Ray was soon sent to Japan. He was scheduled to be one of the first troops to land on the coast of Japan, but while in route, the atomic bomb was dropped so he was part of the occupational forces. He spent his 21st and 22nd birthdays in Japan, a period of 14 months. After his discharge from the Army, he and Bonnie returned to Three Creek and worked for the Hawes family at House Creek. Their daughter, Catherine Rae, was born in 1947. They survived the winter of 1948-49, one of the coldest on record, feeding cattle with a sleigh and team of horses. In August of 1949, they made a life changing decision to move to Bruneau to work for Bonnie’s family on the ranch. They bought a small house in the town of Bruneau. Their son, James Guy, was born in 1950 and two years later

they moved to the ranch where they resided the rest of their lives. He loved riding horses, herding cattle and staying at their “little red cabin” on Battle Creek. Through years of hard work and dedication, Colyer Cattle Company was created and became the foundation of the ranch that grew and evolved into what it is today. Ray’s greatest pleasure was when he was braiding rawhide and he made sets of reins for his kids, grandkids and many others. A set of his reins was given away at the annual Colyer Bull Sale for many years. Ray was a member of the Bruneau American Legion Post #83 for 76 years and past commander, was a member and served as president of the Owyhee Cattlemen’s Association, member of the Owyhee County Fair Board and a proud sponsor of many cattlemen’s sponsored steers at the Owyhee County Fair. He also belonged to the Idaho Cattle Association and Owyhee County Historical Society. He was inducted into the Idaho Cattlemen’s Hall of Fame in 1988 and was honored to be the Grand Marshall of the Bruneau Rodeo. The family would like to thank the staff of The Cottages of Mountain Home, Shaw Mountain of Cascadia and Horizon Hospice Care, especially Cara and Corinne for their loving care. Ray is survived by his daughter, Catherine (Chet) Sellman, son, Guy (Sherry) Colyer, grandchildren, Carla Sellman-Carley, Crista Sellman-Jones (Destry), Chad Sellman (Kelly), Kyle Colyer (Bobby-Jean) and Katie Colyer and eight great grandchildren, Emma Carley, Grayson Carley, Piper Colyer, Cruz Colyer, Dashen Jones, Addison Sellman, Lola Jones, Wyatt Sellman. Also, his sister, Cindy Plott of Eugene, OR, sister-in-laws, Leah Colyer of Spring Creek, NV. and Pauline Colyer of Grand View and nieces and nephews. Ray was preceded in death by his parents, his wife, Bonnie Black Colyer, brothers, Troy, Cliff, Walt and Marvin Colyer, sister Lola Blossom and grandson Robert John Sellman. Memorials in his name may be made to Bruneau Legion Post #83 c/o Bill McBride, P.O. Box 582, Bruneau, Idaho 83604, Bruneau Quick Response Unit, P.O. Box 294, Bruneau, Idaho 83604, Bruneau Boosters, P. O. Box 604, Bruneau, Idaho 83604.

Louie Guzzani Fallon - Life long Fallon resident Louie Guazzini passed away at Renown Medical Center, unexpectedly, on Friday, June 7, 2019. His family was by his side. Louie was born November 17, 1930 to Loui and Marie (Testolin) Guazzini.He went through Churchill County schools, Harmon school and Churchill High School, graduating in 1949. Louie married his high school sweetheart, Lila Lou Baumann, in 1950. Together they had a life (69 Years) of adventures. Dairy, farming, cattle dealer, mini market owner (Harmon Junction) which was built in 1988, were just a few of the hats he wore over the years. He loved fishing and, was a real dead eye when it came to hunting. In past years, every Monday was fishing , every Tuesday and Wednesday he bought cattle at the local sale yards and up until the week of his death he went to Reno to shop the good deals for the market, twice a week. Pages could be written about his adventures. His life was filled with family and good friends and SHOPPING. Louie never met a stranger, he was a friend to many. It has and will be a big void in our lives. He was preceded in death by an infant sister, his parents, son, Sam Guazzini and several aunts and uncles. Louie is survived by his sweetheart of 69 years, Lila Lou; daughters and sons-in-law; Morena and Gary Heser of Fallon; Virginia and Jeff Knight of Reno; daughter-in-law, Daniele Guazzini and Ted and Lorretta Guazzini all of Fallon; grandchildren, Randalyn and Brandon Kempf ; Brandon and Elissa Heser; Brian and Jeanette Knight; Angela and Ward Viera; Samantha and Chris Scholer; Sam T and Jeri Guazzini; Mark Sallee; Heather and Mariella Holdridge-Fernandez; Michelle Jeppsen and Dan Jeppsen; numerous great-grandchildren and cousins. Donations may be made in Louie’s memory to Country Church, Fallon Fire Department or the charity of your choice.

Zoe “Judi” Easterday Zoe “Judi” Easterday, of Arock, OR, passed away unexpectedly on June 17, 2019 while working at her beloved ranch with Norm. She was born on June 30, 1942 to Lorene and Duard Terry in Pocatello, ID. The family lived in Howe, ID until Judi was one year old and then moved to Echo, OR and resided there until 1956. In 1960, they bought a ranch on Cow Creek in Jordan Valley. Being that this was Judi’s senior year of high school, Judi remained in Helix, living with the school librarian until graduation. In the fall of 1960, Judi moved to Boise, ID and attended Link’s School of Business. Upon graduation from there, she resided in Boise and worked for an insurance agency for several years. She married local rancher, Mike Hanley and they moved to Jordan Valley, OR. Their family grew with the birth of their daughter, Martha in 1970 and son, Ike in 1975. Judi later met Norman Easterday and they were married in 1989. In addition to raising cattle on their Arock, OR ranch, Judi drove a cattle truck and kept books for their livestock hauling business. She was also a brand inspector for 32 years. Judi is survived by her husband, Norman Easterday; her daughter, Martha (John) Corrigan of Crane, OR; her son, Ike (Shirley) Hanley of Jacksonville, OR and 5 grandchildren: Cassidy and Zoey Morgan Corrigan and Drew, Grace and Fin Hanley. She is preceded in death by her parents and her brothers, Bruce and David. Services will be held on Monday, June 24, 2019 at 11:00 AM in the gymnasium at the Jordan Valley High School with viewing just prior to services, from 10:00 to 11:00 AM. Interment will be held at the Jordan Valley Cemetery and following graveside services, the family welcomes guests to a dinner in Judi’s honor, to be held at the Lion’s Hall. Memorial can be made in Judi’s name to the Arock Community Church or St. Jude’s Cancer Research Center. Memories of Judi and condolences to the family may be given on Judi’s memorial page, at www.flahifffuneralchapel.com.

Beeferent! Raising Quality Beef in Italy

Words By Andrea Mischianti and Natalia Estrada Photos by Natalia Estrada

Riding fences it’s a part of the job in Italy too!


Italy—We have two different locations for our BEEFERENT project. The main ranch, it’s in Central Eastern Italy (60 miles Northeast of Florence). It’s a hilly country between the Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea. The region it’s called Romagna and it’s bordering Tuscany. The second place it’s where we keep replacement heifers and some bull calves and where we raise our ranch horses and run a school to keep traditions alive that is called “Ranch Academy” where students can learn to ride and rope following the philosophy of our mentors, Ray Hunt and Buck Brannaman . This second operation is nested in the foothills of the Italian Alps, in the Northwestern part of our country. Lot of grass and water. Good place to raise ranch livestock. The region it’s called Piedmont and it’s known for excellent wine and wild truffles (the white variety). We are Ranchers. Beef cattle, grass fed only. We run Scotland Highlanders, Aberdeen-Angus and Wagyu. The animals live in the wild and graze on grasslands, meadows, partially in woodland (mainly oaks) and fields that do not know herbicides or chemicals of any kind. We make our organic hay for the cold season. The cattle are moved with a slow but precise intention, to maintain the healthy and optimal qualities of the land. The concept is simple, the animals moving from pasture to pasture, recreate the primordial conditions of soil fertilization, feeding the land instead of impoverishing it, like the bison in North America rather than the large herds of herbivores in Africa. About twothirds of the world’s grasslands are deserts due to climate change and the abandonment of pastoral societies. Cattle breeding and transhumance are two key elements of this ecological movement that is rapidly convincing the world and changing the breeding vision of many companies. The grazing cattle thus trigger a process that favors the return of species exterminated by chemistry and weeds, the desert moves backwards, vegetation and water with it. The dung and the natural “plowing” created by the passage of the herbivore hooves allows the return of nutrients to the earth, keeping the life cycle alive. Obviously, you need to know the sustainability specifications of a pasture in relation to the number of animals present and keep in mind the ethological needs of the livestock We keep all the cattle on pastures and its pretty much private land. In Italy there’s something like BLM (government land) and we have to deal with permits and bureaucratic stuff but the most important landowner, it’s the Catholic Church and so we have to deal with them too. It’s not easy. We use only horses to move and work cattle. Pretty much Quarter Horses or Quarter/draft crosses with strong bones that we import from Montana, we select our horses with our friend and outstanding horseman Warren Johnson. We raise and train ranch horses and we run a “Hancock/ Blue Valentine” blood line at our place in Piedmont, Italy. The biggest difference [between ranching in Italy and Northern Nevada] it’s the grass and the landscape. We have lot of it, and we do not irrigate pastures. We just move the cows from pasture to pasture on horseback and when it’s wintertime we keep them little closer to the ranch headquarters and feed them with our home-made hay. We have bulls with the cows all year long, so we don’t have a “calving season” but we keep having calves all the time. For the ranching it’s pretty much the same that in Northern Nevada. We gather on horseback, we castrate all the bull calves, we rope and brand (head and heel), we don’t use calf tables or dead man forks. Roping and branding it’s a very old tradition in Italy, like in Spain and we are not like the Central or Northern European Ranchers. We ride horses. We have good cow dogs to help us.


Doctoring a Highland cow in Romagna, Italy.

We have lot of problems with wolves. Wolves are protected since 1972. It’s not legal to shoot them. They number in the thousands and anymore, are not afraid of people. It’s a big deal. We keep guardian dogs and we patrol the pastures but it’s very hard not losing some calves during the year. Now the government it’s changing ideas and can maybe be a legal control of the problem by game wardens, but I think that with all the environmental groups and wolf lovers around it will be not possible. In the mountains not only the wolves are a huge problem, but even brown bears. The largest obstacle it’s bureaucracy and government control. Many times, we must deal with veterinarians and biologists that never spent a day in the countryside. Many of them are raised in a city and they don’t really know cattle and cow country. Another problem are the laws from the European Union. In many northern countries (Germany, Swiss, Sweden, Holland, Belgium, etc…) it’s illegal to rope and brand cattle. They try to stop us too. They don’t have open range cow country, they don’t ride ranch horses, they are not like us cause the territory and the possibilities about ranching and managing livestock are completely different. Even for this reason we don’t consider ourselves in the European Melting Pot, we are Italians and proud to defend our identity to keep our traditions alive. For more information on ranching in Italy, visit the Beeferent! Facebook page!

Marchigiana cows, a very old breed in the mountains of Umbria, Italy.


Branding Angus cattle in Piedmont. We head and heel.

Practicing some roping with a student’s horse, during a Ranch Academy clinic in Tuscany.

Checking pastures in Piedmont, Italy. The hills under the Alps are pretty snowy during the wintertime.

Roping, it’s a very important part of our way of living. We do not use squeeze chutes or calf tables.


Fires Impact Ranchers By Heather Smith Thomas Nevada Rancher

In recent years, fire has become the biggest threat to natural resources in the West, destroying wildlife habitat, timber resources, and livestock forage. More and more acreage burns each year—especially on dry years-- with devastating fires impacting not only livestock producers but also urban areas with homes and towns destroyed, and loss of human lives. Fire has become one of the biggest concerns for many rural and urban areas alike. Ranchers are continually impacted, with some regions seeing more fires than others on certain years. Robert (Bob) Alverts, Science and Management Consulting (in Tigard, Oregon) and part-time faculty (University of Nevada, Reno, College of Agriculture) says that for the past 3 decades, between 5 and 10 million acres of forests and rangelands have burned each year, most of which are in federal ownership. These federal land areas are plagued with excessive fuel loads of beetle-killed timber, non-native annual grasses such as cheat grass (and some vacant, ungrazed allotments), leading to extreme fires that cost taxpayers millions of dollars in suppression costs alone, without counting post-burn rehabilitation and restoration costs. “We know that ranchers suffer short-term losses after fire, including loss of forage in the year of the burn. And on federal lands there is a policy to wait at least 2 years after re-seeding burned areas before allowing livestock turnout again. All this directly affects the ranchers who had losses in the burn area, plus the indirect losses of suppliers and related companies, who lose business during that time,” says Alverts.

want any stubble height because we are trying to get rid of cheat grass! Unfortunately this kind of ignorance is typical of the current BLM management, even at the District level,” says Alverts. He feels that there are a few districts, like at Burns, Oregon, that are forward thinking; they have led the research work on late season grazing, with two demonstration areas. “These projects have been tremendously successful, showing what we are able to do, to turn things around,” he says. “Every BLM district seems to have its own autonomy and some are believers in these types of projects and others are not. This makes it challenging for the permittees. We know there are big short term impacts on the ranchers after a fire. They lose forage that year, and also during the rest period for the re-seeded allotments. This is always at least two growing seasons (sometimes three) regardless of what the plant community does. The BLM is using the calendar and the clock instead of the eyeball to determine forage condition,” says Alverts.

Photo by: Heather Smith Thomas

“Granted, we know that some of these plants are not well rooted the first year or so, and can be abused if grazed too soon, but that doesn’t mean we have to always adhere to a 2-year abstinence from grazing, nor should we, after rehabilitating the area. It should always be a case-by-case situation. During that 2 or 3 year time, the rancher has to buy high-priced hay or find other pasture—which may be difficult in a region that’s been burned,” he says.

“On the other hand, we also know that after a burn there can be a lot of nutrients in the soil, and if we get the right moisture and the right seed mix put in there, we can have a tremendous biological response and improved productivity—unless the fire burned so hot (with such a heavy fuel load) that it killed everything and sterilized the soil. It’s a complex issue,” says Alverts.

A rancher evaluating the fire after math.

He says the shift in land management policies by the federal agencies that has led to the increase in fuel loads, and the consequences of invasive annuals like cheat grass and medusahead has increased the risk for ranchers losing what was productive grazing land in earlier years.

“We also know that the work we’ve been doing on projects using late-season grazing (to reduce cheat grass with cattle) can turn this trend around. The big problem is getting the federal land managers to allow this late-season grazing. There are many BLM and FS allotments that won’t allow this in their permits. We need to re-evaluate and adjust the allotment management plans and seasons of use,” says Alverts. “There is a much-needed paradigm shift in the whole philosophy of grazing. The agencies have to acknowledge and recognize that the invasive annual plant communities over much of the western rangeland has become part of the permanent plant community and we have to manage accordingly. We need to account for the periodicity of the annual component. These annuals may produce 2000 pounds per acre one year and 150 pounds the next year.” The permittees need more flexibility of use. “It should be outcome-based grazing instead of the current rigid adherence to a particular date on the calendar or time period.” The “rule book” for grazing is generally created in Washington, D.C. rather than out on the allotments themselves where flexibility and adherence to local conditions would be more logical and realistic. “Even on the ground out here, we have many agency people who are so naive about grazing that it is very frustrating. We have been working on the cheat grass reduction projects since 2006. The BLM had a young woman in their Washington office who had worked in Nevada on rehab and restoration work but she got a promotion to the head office, still doing rehab and restoration. She asked me what kind of stubble height we left on our cheat grass! I couldn’t believe that she was that naïve. I told her we don’t


“One of our demo projects near Drewsy, Oregon was on a range that burned in 2014 and again in 2015 and the rancher (Bill Wilbur) lost several cows in the fires on that allotment. Fortunately the cows were insured, but one of our photo plots on that range didn’t completely burn—the fire went out as it went across that plot. It was interesting to see this,” he says. There wasn’t enough cheat grass on that plot to carry the fire. “We have another interesting project north of Jordan Valley, Oregon, led by OSU Extension, focusing largely on Medusahead. We are cooperating with University of Nevada-Reno, ARS, etc. and the Burns BLM district. We are also finally getting some cooperation from the Vale BLM,” he says. There are also some great examples in Utah. “We’ve talked about getting some projects going in Idaho, as well, but at this point we don’t have the funding to do it all. Livestock are a wonderful tool to effectively manage vegetation while producing wholesome food for people. Livestock on the land are part of the natural balance.” Cheat grass has been around for a long time—ever since some seeds hitchhiked to this country on immigrants and their livestock. It never was such a big problem, however, until recent years. “When I was a BLM manager in Oregon 45 years ago cheat grass was not nearly as prevalent. We didn’t have this much problem after a fire. It only grew around ditches and disturbed areas, rock pits, etc. It didn’t occur across the majority of the landscape. In just a few decades, however, it expanded over millions of acres. If we manage the cheat grass (which we can do with proper grazing) we can control it and

marginalize it and bring back the desired plant communities. Livestock are a wonderful tool to do this.” Bill Wilber is the rancher in southeastern Oregon who lost 39 head of cattle on his range allotment during the Buzzard Complex fire in July 2014, one of the many fires in Oregon that year. “After that fire we hired a professional fencer for 6 months fulltime, doing nothing but repair and rebuild fences,” says Wilbur. “The cost of a fire, even after it is over, continues, because you have to fix all the fences, and are still not allowed to graze that area again for several years.” This creates a devastating economic impact. “The financial impact is great due to loss of use of grazing land; you can’t use your allotment for 2 or 3 years. This is devastating for some ranchers because they are so far away from another source of pasture,” says Wilbur. “Secondly, and this is a big problem, is that if you can’t use the allotment for several years, you may end up with an accumulation of ungrazed forage and even more fuel for the next fire, and that can be a huge problem. This was our situation.” It doesn’t make sense to not have any grazing during those 2 to 3 years after a fire; there needs to be some flexibility in managing that land. Some judicial use and well-managed grazing may be necessary, to reduce the risk of an even bigger future problem. “That arbitrary range set-aside is the norm unless you have a very cooperative local FS or BLM office. It’s usually a frustration trying to deal with this, and it also costs ranchers a lot of money. There is NO evidence, that I am aware of, that shows that setting aside that allotment for 2 or 3 years improves the situation. It usually makes it worse, for fire danger,” he says. In many regions, the increase in invasive annual plants like cheat grass and medusahead (which burn more readily than native species, and come in again more quickly after a fire) have led to the increase in numbers and severity of wildfires. “This is a perfect example of the problem we are trying to prevent. We’ve been part of a research project in concert with University of Nevada and Dr. Barry Perryman. His

Looking down from 30,000 feet on Nevada’s craggy, arid landscape doesn’t evoke an image of what most people think of as rangeland. But this vast and seemingly desolate place as viewed from five miles high actually supports a vital and healthy livestock industry. In an environment which receives an average 7.5 inches of precipitation a year, careful and constant management of these particular rangelands is crucial. More than 85 percent of nevada is managed by the federal government under the supervision of the bureau of land management, the u.s. forest service, and the military. Because private land is very limited, ranchers need to use some of these public lands, as well as their own, for grazing herds of cattle and sheep. ranchers are given an allotment and a predetermined number of livestock are allowed to graze at a per-head fee.

research study on reducing cheat grass and medusahead with grazing has been quite successful,” says Wilber. This study began in 2012, looking at the effects fall grazing could have on reducing fuel loads. “I must mention that growth in number of rural fire protection associations around our region has been excellent. They have done a very good job of stopping fires before they get out of hand,” says Wilbur. This is vastly different from the federal (and in some cases state) agencies that have a “let burn” policy. They don’t try to put out fires unless the fires encroach on private property—and by then it’s often too late to control the fire or it takes a lot of time and money to try to contain it. “I am encouraged that some of the folks in Washington D.C. are finally figuring out that the local people—who are there on the ground every day—should be able to have the first chance at stopping a fire. The local people should not be shackled with a bunch of inappropriate regulations.” All it does is impair the ability to halt these fires while they are still fairly easy to control. “In southeastern Oregon the growth of local organizations (to fight fires) has been tremendous and these groups are getting some good equipment to do it. One of the key components has been radios, and being able to communicate. This enhancement has made the firefighting groups much more effective,” says Wilbur. The local people are right there, and also much more willing to try to stop the fires because they have more at stake. It’s their livelihoods on the line, and they have more incentive to fight a fire that might destroy or damage their farms/ranches/ranges or communities. If they can be allowed more free rein to do this, we can save the taxpayers billions of dollars by controlling small fires before they become so large and damaging. “The local associations have had good training, and in our area they have a good interface with the BLM, who at least in southeast Oregon have been very cooperative and eager to help out. It’s a leg up against catastrophic events of the future.” It’s definitely a step in the right direction.

This has been an agreeable partnership for close to a hundred years, with both parties active in managing the land to accommodate many uses such as wildlife habitat and recreation as well as grazing. The health of our rangeland is in everyone’s best interest. Land has always been the foundation of our nation’s wealth and the men and women who work that land are the traditional caretakers. land management and conservation science have advanced greatly over the last decades and modern ranchers keep up, or are in the lead.

Carefully grazed rangeland has been shown to be healthier and more productive than ungrazed land separated by only a wire fence. Grazing animals control invasive species and organic matter that fuels destructive wildfires. Like most of the west, nevada has been impacted by urban growth, especially by the increased demands on a limited water supply. Natural resources are under pressure so it becomes increasingly critical to manage our rangelands to benefit not only our livestock industry, but the very place we call home.

4780 East Idaho Street, Elko, NV 89801 • 775-738-4082 This ad is funded through the NRRC’s assessment of 10¢ per AUM paid by public land ranchers.


Frankie Baumeister Words By Jennifer Whiteley Paradise Valley, Nev.—Frankie Baumeister is the 17-year-old daughter of Luke and Becky Baumeister. Her mom teaches kindergarten and her dad is a cattle rancher. She will be a senior at Albert M. Lowry High School this coming fall, where she will be in her 4th year in the Lowry High School Swing Choir. She was one of the first freshman to ever earn a place on this prestigious choir. Frankie has 3 siblings, Jack, Mary, and Henry Baumeister. “My oldest brother Jack is a First Lieutenant in the United States Army, and is stationed in El Paso, Texas. My sister Mary is a schoolteacher and is living in Japan. My brother Henry drives a parts delivery truck and is living in Idaho.” Frankie is a hard worker, whether it is rodeo, school and choir, or ranching. She gets her work ethic from her parents. “My biggest influence in life would have to be my parents. They both have taught me that hard work pays off. They have also taught

me to take my opportunities when they present themselves. My dad also never allows me to quit, so I have learned to never give up even when times get tough.” The Baumeisters have built up a nice herd of cattle, starting from scratch, and make a living in Paradise Valley, Nevada. Like most ranching families, Luke takes care of the cows and Becky has a good town job, teaching to help supplement the ranching income. Frankie also has her own herd of cattle that she runs with her dad’s cows. She spends her summers and school vacations helping her dad take care of the cows, learning the joys and discomforts of the cattle industry. Frankie is passionate about the sport of rodeo. In the Nevada State High School Rodeo Association, Frankie competes in the events of Breakaway roping and Team roping. This year she used her 2 horses “Grand,” so named because Frankie explains, “Dad paid one Grand for him,” and “GG,” short for Good Girl, a young

Background Photo by: Jennifer Whiteley

Frankie and Grand get set to neck a calf to brand.

Photo Courtesy of the Baumeister Family

Left: Frankie sticks it on one, roping on Grand in Fernley, Nevada.

mare she raised from a baby, and is working to make a completive rope horse. They finished the year sitting 19th out of 43 girls in the Breakaway roping, and 26th out of 53 competitors in the Team roping. She is quick to offer congratulations or moral support as needed, and happy to offer advice to younger ropers. This year, Frankie was honored with the title of Humboldt County High School Rodeo Club President. She began her roping career, like most ranch kids, heeling calves behind her dad in various branding traps across northern Nevada. While other kids her age were chasing lizards and riding calves in between chances to rope at a branding, Frankie worked the ground the entire time she wasn’t swinging her rope. When someone would offer to give her shot, pack the nut bucket, or fly spray for her so she could play too, she would refuse and say “Nope. My dad says if I want to rope, I have to work the ground in between sets, and I want to rope!” Her parents instilled a work ethic in her from an early age, that she still exhibits today. Frankie knows how to hustle, and rarely takes a break from work. When asked what drives her to succeed, Frankie explains “The amount of opportunities that can be presented if I work hard drives me to succeed.” Following the examples set by her family, she has learned that hard work pays off, and opens doors to more opportunities. You can do anything if you work hard. “My favorite quote is from my Grandpa Bob, “If you need a hand look to the end of your shirt sleeve. If that doesn’t work, look to God” As for the future, Frankie is living in the moment. “I am not sure where I am going to college, but I would like to attend a college with a good music program, to further my education in music.” She explains. Frankie is passionate about her music and has auditioned to sing the National Anthem at the National Finals Rodeo in years past.

Photo Courtesy of the Baumeister Family

Above: Becky, Frankie, and Luke Baumeister at Maggie Creek Ranches, near Elko, Nevada after a morning of branding calves.

“The best advice I can share is this: always work hard, set goals and achieve them, and always remember the people who help you.”

Photo Courtesy of the Baumeister Family

The highlight of Frankie’s 2018 Elko County Fair and Livestock show was winning the 13-16 JR Stockhorse class on her horse Grand. Allie Bear commented “Not anyone can show a rope horse and win!” Mary Branscomb of Lamoille, Nevada presents Frankie and Grand with their trophy buckle.

Photo Courtesy of the Baumeister Family

Frankie and friend Isaac Mori show of their buckles won and the 2018 Elko County Fair and Livestock Show in Elko, Nevada.


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Prunty Ranch History From broncs to bridle horses, the Prunty family’s horse operation has spanned a century and five generations. By Becky Prunty Lisle Special to the Rancher Background Photo Courtesy of Becky Lisle and Family

The Prunty family trails horse out of their winter range. “As our foals come of age, they are nurtured as much by the landscape as by their dams. They learn to move with the foraging herd as they travel through the rocky, brushy ranch fields, which works to develop horses that are mentally and physically healthy. Horses raised in this manner have a natural advantage on the ranch or trail, or in the arena.” Explains Lisle.

Charleston, Nev.-- The Prunty ranch is located about 80 miles north of Elko, Nevada, nestled against the foothills of the rugged Jarbidge Wilderness Area. The ranch stands as a working monument to a bygone era and to the dream and determination to leave a legacy. From broncs to bridle horses, the Prunty family’s horse operation has spanned a century and five generations. Horses have been a mainstay in the operation since the very beginning. In 1894, Earl Q. Prunty settled near the mining town of Charleston. He had come to the area with his father, Pinkard, who was seeking his fortune in gold. While Pinkard gathered and sold mustangs to raise money for his mining venture, Earl came to love horses and the ranching way of life. Earl carved a productive ranch out of the rocky sagebrush landscape to raise his family, making the ranch sustainable with a range of ventures centered around horses.


Photo Courtesy of Becky Lisle and Family

Diamond A Rodeo Company horse “Bandolier” does his best to unseat his rider.

Photo Courtesy of Becky Lisle and Family

Bronc rider Cliff Colbum makes a spectacular ride on Diamond A Rodeo Company horse “Cornflakes” in Bruneau, Idaho. In an article From the Nevada State Journal, Reno, Nevada June 21, 1959 2 Brothers Specialize In Raising Rodeo Stock Elko Ranch Specializes In ‘Outlaws’ By JEAN McELRATH, “Big, rangey and the color of wet cornflakes, he made a profession of burnishing the legend that a Prunty bucking horse is a sonovagun bucker.”

Photo Courtesy of Becky Lisle and Family

Shorty Prunty with his horse Canary, in 1946 after winning the snaffle bit class at the Elko County Fair.

He produced a few local rodeos in the late 1930s and, during the Depression, sold horses to south-eastern states for work horses. He also marketed horses to the cavalry remount program. Horses often outnumbered cattle on the ranch. As his family grew, so did possibilities. In about 1948, Earl’s sons, Frank “Shorty” and Harold “Corky” hit the rodeo trail with the roughest of the bunch—a string of broncs that made its mark in rodeo history books, from local and regional open rodeos to the National Finals Rodeo. The horses Cornflakes and Broken Blossom are probably the most remembered, but a few of the other great ones were Royal Taboo, Hereford, Country Cousin, Lookout, Goldrush, Roller, Pathfinder, High Noon, and Bandoleer. While the horses were the foundation of the rodeo company, the Prunty Brothers produced entire rodeos, including the bucking bulls and roping cattle, subcontracting specialty acts, announcers, and other rodeo personnel. Shorty and Corky routinely worked as pick-up men.The Diamond A Rodeo Company operated for about 20 years before the stock were sold and the ranch’s focus shifted to better accommodate family life.


It was also in the late 1940s that another development in the ranch’s horse business came about. About the time rodeo season ended, hunting season began. One of the first licensed master guides in the state of Nevada, Shorty started guiding mule deer hunters in the wild mountain country surrounding the ranch.

terrain plays an invaluable role in the horses’ upbringing—they are raised the way nature intended them to be, with the central goal of the program being to produce a horse that offers naturally developed instinct and abilities balanced with the inherent traits of proven quarter horse bloodlines.

The addition of hunting and outfitting to the operation has evolved over the years, and the family remains only one of three guide services permitted to guide in the Jarbidge Wilderness. The area continues to offer some of the best hunting and fishing opportunities in the west. Visit our outfitting page for more information.

“Training” begins at birth. Mares are turned out during foaling and the foals remain untouched and at their dams’ sides until weaning, allowing them to “just be horses” for the first several months of their lives. After the foals are weaned, they are halter broke and handled over the winter, and then turned out for the summer and fall of their yearling year to further their natural development. As two-year olds, they are started under saddle with 20 to 30 rides, and then brought along in the vaquero tradition as they grow and mature.

When the bucking stock was sold to another rodeo company, Shorty began crossing the ranch mares with registered stallions to build what would become a line of ‘good using horses.’ Today, the majority of the ranch herd is AQHA registered. Throughout the years, the family has worked to incorporate more and more breeding stock from some of the best programs in the West. A number of well-known cow and running bloodlines are represented in the stock available today. While pedigrees and breeding practices have changed substantially over time, the way the horses are raised has not. Just as it did a century ago, the high desert

Now, nearly 75 years later, the family remains dedicated to buying, using, and raising good horses. They enjoy competing in working cow horse events, ranch rodeos, ropings, and running the occasional horse race. Stay up-to-date with the Prunty Ranch by following their Facebook page or visiting their website www. pruntyhorses.com Photo Courtesy of Becky Lisle and Family

Photo Courtesy of Becky Lisle and Family

Below: Shorty Prunty’s sons Dick and Gary show off bucks taken while guiding mule deer hunters in the wild mountain country surrounding the ranch.

Below: One of the first licensed master guides in the state of Nevada, Shorty started guiding mule deer hunters in the wild mountain country surrounding the ranch. Photo Courtesy of Becky Lisle and Family

Above: In 1994, the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association recognized the Prunty Ranch as a Nevada Centennial Ranch. To qualify as a Centennial Ranch, the ranch must have belonged to the same family for at least 100 years and be a working ranch.

Photo Courtesy of Becky Lisle and Family


As they have been for a hundred years, our horses are raised in the high desert country of the Great Basin. Rolly Lisle gathers mares off their winter range near the Nevada-Idaho state line. Mares are trailed over 30 miles to the home ranch where they foal and raise their babies, returning to the desert late fall.


Remembering Lana Gibbs A CattleWomen Series Produced by Ruby Uhart www.rubyuhart.com With the previous stories I’ve shared, I’ve not provided an introduction because each woman spoke for herself and told her story with only a little guidance from me. This time is a bit different however, because the woman I have chosen passed away in 2016. In this case, I have asked her daughter for help. She passed the idea on to her aunt who is Lana Gibbs’ twin sister. Here, Donna shares Lana’s story as she remembers it. Lana’s legacy indeed lives on in her children and with her husband Bill. When visiting the Gibbs Ranch, what Lana brought, and in turn left behind, is evident. One can feel her presence there in the flow of events on the ranch…Lana’s story is a remembrance, told by those who knew and loved her most, and it is a testament to the fact that these ranch women who often go unnoticed, unrecognized and unknown are truly the roots that hold the tree in place. Lana’s legacy lives on through her family and the foundations she helped create at the Gibbs Ranch and she will forever be remembered and held dear in the minds of those who knew her, even if only for a few moments. Please enjoy the story of Lana (Tonelli) Gibbs as told by her twin sister Donna Cromie… ~Ruby My goodness where do you start when you talk about a “City Girl” gone “Rancher Girl” after one look at a long-legged cowboy breaking a colt back in 1971! That was the beginning of the undeniable love between Lana (Tonelli) Gibbs and William (Bill) H Gibbs of GIBBS RANCH, Wells, NV. Lana was born and raised in a Northern California city called Santa Rosa. You might ask, “How in the world did a “Songleader” girl from California end up marrying a cowboy from a Ranch in Wells, Nevada? Lana’s twin sister, Donna, who was married to Tim Cromie lived in Santa Rosa, CA. Tim just happens to be Bill Gibbs’ cousin. As Tim was growing up, he would go out to Gibbs Ranch to work every summer alongside his Gibbs cousins. One winter, in December 1970, Bill Gibbs’ dad, William B Gibbs, called up Tim in California and asked if he and his family (wife Donna and 8 month old son, Jeff) would like to come work at the ranch for a couple years while young Bill went to UNR. This was an easy decision for Tim who was working construction, and due to it being winter, work was slow at best. For Donna, who would be moving away from her inseparable twin sister; a girl afraid of spiders, and taking her parents “center piece” grandson approximately 600 miles away, it was another story. However, it didn’t take too long before Tim and Donna made the decision to move to the ranch. They packed up their belongings in their pickup truck and drove the 600 miles (including 40 miles on a mostly dirt road) to their new home at Gibbs Ranch, NV. Looking back now at the first moment, turning the corner to see the Gibbs Ranch, and its yard in which there stood three homes the memory is still so vivid. The main home was where Bill Sr, his wife Mary, and their 7 kids lived (young Bill and 6 sisters), the second stone home was where Bill Sr.’s dad lived (grandpa Gibbs) before he passed away, and the third home was a 2-story house (most recently used as a bunk house). The third home was to be where Tim and Donna would live. When first walking inside the two-story house, it truly took an imagination to see the potential. Walls needed to be painted, floors needed to be re-carpeted, storage needed to be cleaned out, and the one and only bathroom definitely had to be fixed and made usable…but the excitement grew as the young twenty year olds from California and their 8 month old baby boy started out their new adventure looking forward to “ranch” life. Initially, Tim and Donna lived with Bill Sr. up at the main house, while Bill Sr.’s wife, Mary, lived in town with young Bill’s 6 sisters while they went to school. Bill Sr. and Tim would work on fixing up the 2-story house when the


ranch chores were complete for the day and soon the house was ready to be inhabited and called home. Donna quickly adapted to ranch life. Many hours were spent cooking meals for her family, Bill Sr., hunters, ranchers, or stray guests that would happen by the ranch. Jeff thrived with the freedom and openness, playing and learning what ranch life was like for a toddler, and Tim was a natural from his past ranch experience. They quickly became adjusted to their new life. That first spring, after arriving at Gibbs Ranch, Donna’s twin sister, Lana, and their parents, made a trip from California to see this new “ranch life.” Lana saw young Bill with his long legs, get on a colt to break and from that moment on it was “Love at first site”….. It didn’t take long before Lana moved out to the ranch to stay with Donna and Tim. Young Bill decided that ranching, not college, was for him. Lana and Bill had quite a whirlwind romance; from the nights that the TV stayed on until the wee hours of the morning and all you heard and saw was the buzzing and dots on the screen, to the times that young Bill broke out in hives when his

love went back to visit Santa Rosa to prepare for their upcoming wedding. The two couples, Tim and Donna and Bill and Lana, were so completely compatible with each other working out the yin and yang of their relationships. After Bill and Lana were married in September 1971, they moved into Grandpa Gibbs’ Stone house. Young Bill’s entire family welcomed this California girl, Lana, with open arms and hearts into their ranch family life. The couples continued to add to the numbers on the ranch. The twins, having babies at the same time, waddled around the ranch together; Lana with her first and Donna with her second. With both husbands in the Elko National Guard, the couples would go into town once a month for Bill and Tim to serve their duty and the girls to go shopping and purchase supplies for the ranch until the next month’s meeting. For the first time in their lives the twins learned to cook and make things from scratch. They had fresh milk from the cows, homemade butter, pies, bread, and even learned to macramé and sew. Even when it came to baking homemade pizzas for their families to eat together, the twins worked together, one liked to make the dough and the other liked to cut up all the toppings. They shared so many fun activities living on the ranch; camping at Tabor Creek, bathing in freezing creek waters, square dancing at neighboring ranches, going to town to party and dance with friends until the wee hours of the morning before heading back out to the ranch to arrive just in time for the kids to wake up. After approximately 4 years on the ranch together, Tim and Donna left Gibbs ranch and eventually moved back to Santa Rosa, CA.

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Lana turned out to be the HUB of her Gibbs family ranch over the years, which is now over 100 years old. Many a time Lana was teased about her “notes” especially at branding time. But when there was an emergency, and Lana couldn’t be there, everyone would have been lost if it hadn’t been for her pages of notes. The “notes” were everywhere she thought they might be important, whether it be by the computer for business, T.V. for how to use the remotes correctly, or most importantly the Branding notes. She had everything written down to who was coming, what was going to be cooked that day, who was going to bring certain items, what needed to be put in the chuck wagon for branding, when to put this here or that there, It was written down. Everyone teased her, but at the same time everyone went to Lana to find out what, when, and how much. She would say,” I believe they finally appreciate my analness.” Not only did Lana cook over the years for the hay and branding crews, but she worked right alongside her husband Bill, riding horses, branding cattle, mending fences, raising kids, and spoiling grandkids. Her organizational skills, as well as keeping the books for two ranch businesses, moving manual ranch records to businesses on-line, and changing the process of selling cattle to on-line auction, were instrumental in the Gibbs Ranch continual success. With the passing of Lana, on January 15, 2016, due to an automobile accident, Gibbs Ranch continues to flourish thanks to this remarkable “Ranch Women” passing down her strengths, experience, guidance, and love to her amazing next generation of “Ranchers.”

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Ranching Scrapbook

Kids on a cow outfit! Words and Photos By Jennifer Whiteley

Winnemucca, Nev.—Warren Buffett said “Surround yourself with people who push you to do and be better. No drama or negativity. Just higher goals and higher motivation. Good times and positive energy. No jealousy or hate. Simply bringing out the absolute best in each other.” Whether it is your 4-year-old niece yelling “It’s ok Aunt Jennifer, just try again!” after you’ve missed 7 heel loops in a row (but who’s counting?)! Or you miss right at the branding fire, but your horse stops nice and your soon to be 2-year-old daughter yells “Woo Hoo!” and claps for you, we can learn a lot from our kids. They are our biggest cheerleaders, and we in turn theirs. One of the best things about our agricultural industries is the flexibility to take our kids to work with us on a daily basis, and we come to depend on them, and their help more than we realize. I can’t count the number of times I’ve been doing something, moving cows, spraying weeds, processing cattle, whatever and have thought to myself “I sure wish my boys were here, I need help!” Farm and ranch kids have many more responsibilities than their town counterparts. It is nice to know that they can be given a task and be able to accomplish it. I especially enjoy the brandings that there are a lot of kids at. They work hard. They hustle, and when the last calf is branded and turned loose, still have energy to run and play. If you haven’t wrapped up branding season yet, hopefully you are getting close because it is now haying season! Here are a few branding highlights for you to enjoy.

ABOVE: Sometimes the best help are the kiddos that sit on the back of the pickup and cheer for the ropers! From left to right: Quinn Sampson, Rustin Dastrup, Drew Dahl, and Quincy Dahl at a TI Ranches branding in Ruby Valley, Nevada.

BELOW: Dad Mitch helps Jade Buzzetti in the branding trap in Lamoille, Nevada.

From a play pen on the back of a pickup is the best place for Ashton Vipham to watch and cheer for her dad Mike Vipham of Mountain City, Nevada to watch a branding. BELOW: Ally Ross of Elko comes in to heel a calf. Later, “That’s two feet again!” she was overheard telling her dad John Ross while sitting at the fire.


ABOVE: The Rabbit Creek Crew out numbers most branding crews. They are pretty good help keeping the fires going too! Cooper Nelson, Quin Whiteley, Hannah Nelson, Tel Nelson, Tag Nelson, and Clay Nelson keep the irons hot at a Maggie Creek Ranch branding.

Cooper Nelson, Trent Whiteley, and Audrey Wright administer vaccines to a calf near Spring Creek, Nevada.

“Spur that horse up here and heel this calf!” Audrey Wright of Spring Creek tells Trent Whiteley at a Maggie Creek Ranch branding.


Ranch Dogs and Rabies Vaccines Words By Sarah P Hummel, DVM A good friend of mine likes to call me at 5 o’clock in the morning. My husband and I have learned that when my phone rings at that time it is either an emergency, or it is her. Like me, it is her time of day to get things done while it is all buzzing around her head before she heads out for her morning walk. Though at that time I am still usually a little slow and groggy, she sounds like she has already polished off at least three cups of coffee. One morning not too long ago, she had made one such phone call, about an urgent matter I’m sure, though I can no longer recall exactly what it was. She was just getting ready to head out for her walk and I could hear the four or five little yappin dogs in the back ground attempting to expedite the matter. Then amongst the barks, yowls and pleading from the background, my friend suddenly exclaimed, “Oh! Oneofthelittlebuggersjustbitme. Idon’tknowwhichone butIwhoppedthem…so anyways what was I saying? Oh yes…” I started giggling to myself and I thought, “boy I hope they are all vaccinated for rabies.” I never got the chance to speak up on the matter, as my friend was just about to finish up the chat by saying a hasty morning prayer. In the veterinarian profession we are taught to consider rabies when we are presented with any animal that has bit another person or animal or one that is presenting with signs of a disease that is affecting the nervous system. So when I go out to see a horse that is having a seizure or a drooling cow, in the back of my mind I think one possible cause, as unlikely as it sounds, is rabies. So how common is rabies and why are we taught to consider it as unlikely as it is? According to the Center for Disease Control, since the 1940’s the number of human rabies cases in the United States has declined from hundreds a year to 2-3 a year. The main contributing factor for this decrease is the use of vaccines



in our domestic animals, mainly dogs and cats, but also horses and cows in states where rabies is much more common. The vaccinated domestic animal population acts as a barrier between humans and the wildlife population. In 2017 there were 399 cases of rabies in domestic animals (mainly cats and dogs but also cattle and horses), and 4,055 cases in wildlife populations. In Nevada and Oregon, the main carrier of rabies is the bat. In 2017 there were 10 rabies positive bats in Nevada and 17 in Oregon. Even if your dogs never leave the ranch, they still have the potential for exposure to the disease and we do see rabies positive dogs in both Nevada and Oregon. We take this disease so seriously because the fatality rate is over 99%, with only a few known survivors that actually became clinical with rabies. And so, while rabies is rare, a bite by that dog, cat, cow or horse may mean a human death. We do the best we can to encourage vaccination since it is the how we have managed to control the disease so well in this country. On ranches we have 4,5,6 (or more!) dogs on the place and it is not an easy task to haul them the hour or two to town for rabies vaccines, but most veterinarians are happy to bring out some rabies vaccines while doing the fall or spring cattle work. In the vast, spread out country that we live in, it is easy to feel cut off from some of the worldly problems that seem so far away. However, this is one problem that can literally fly into your life and you may never know it; luckily it is easily preventable! If you have any questions, feel free to ask! Sarah P Hummel 775-530-4137 sarahhummeldvm@yahoo.com

7th Annual Early Californios Skills of the Rancho Traditional roping, horsemanship methods showcased in California Words By: Jolyn Young LEBEC, Calif. – For the seventh consecutive year, ranch roping enthusiasts will gather to compete and celebrate traditional roping and horsemanship methods developed during the mission days of early California. The Early Californios Skills of the Rancho, or “The Skills” as it is commonly known, will be held July 12-14 at the Tejon Ranch Equestrian Center in Lebec, California. More than 150 horse-men and -women of all ages and abilities will throw long ropes and compete for cash and prizes. “I love it because the emphasis is on a variety of areas,” said repeat competitor Andrea Zeller of Fallon, Nevada. “[The classes test] your skill as a horseman, your stockmanship in reading and handing cattle, your ability to rope and the tradition of making a true bridle horse through the Californio methods.” Like other ranch roping contests that have grown in popularity over the last decade, The Skills gives ropers who don’t fit the typical go-fast-go-left pattern an opportunity to compete with other like-minded aficionados. “For many years I have worked on building a true unity between me and my horses. I am less worried about showing them as 3 year old and progressing them by AQHA or Snaffle Bit [Futurity] rules. I want to create an animal that progresses at its own speed, that is mentally adept in any working situation - such as working a cow, ranch work, roping, or stock horse patterns - and is still sound late in life,” said Zeller. To further their goals, event founders developed rules that promote training horses using a hackamore, two-rein outfit, and straight-up bridle setups. Tie-downs; bits with broken or hinged mouthpieces; or other mechanical devices are not permitted. Additionally, competitors

must use a rope or reata that is at least 45 feet long, and they must dally around a slick saddle horn. A wide range of classes are offered, including Youth Doctoring, Mixed Doctoring, Ladies’ Doctoring, and three levels of horsemanship divisions. In addition to gear regulations, The Skills enforces rules that emphasize safe, clean maneuvers over speed. “Although, these are timed events, judges are absolutely not looking for any high-speed action. We are looking for smooth, efficient work with the least amount of wasted movement,” reads the official event rules. A standardized scoring grid awards extra points for various fancy shots, such as a turnover, scoop loop, or houlihan. Points are deducted for infractions such as slipping a hind leg, dallying on a single high hock, and missing a shot. To encourage ropers to compete in a spade bit, a 2-point bonus can be awarded at the judges’ discretion to contestants riding straight-up in a spade. The Skills is sanctioned by the Californio Bridlehorse Association (CBA), which strives to promote these methods and values through other events, workshops, clinics, and online resources. In between classes, ropers and spectators can shop from the many vendors selling custom gear and artwork. The event is free all weekend for the public to attend. For more information, including entry forms and fee information, visit the CBA’s website or the event’s Facebook page.

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Gavica Ranch

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Clear Creek Ranch

Year round cattle ranch with 10,400 Deeded Acres, parcels in Humboldt and Pershing Counties, plus BLM allotment. 6 pivots, 790 irrigated acres, 3 irrigation wells, ranch manager's home and equipment yard, Log Cottage. Excellent surface and under ground water rights with one of the longest perennial streams in the Great Basin. Equipment and cattle included.

279.93 Acres Lamoille

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Diamond Valley Farm

Nice family farm with three homes all with yards and trees. The farm is 1,080 acres in Eureka County with Certificated Water Rights, six pivots, 2 alfalfa, 1 Timothy, 1 wheat and 2 in permanent. Fescue and Garrison. Two hay barns, 2 feedlots, working corrals, loading chute, arena, large equipment shop with stalls. Farm runs 350 to 400 head from May through November.

Flying M Ranch

Over 23,000 deeded acres. Old water rights on the Humboldt River. Winter out permit.

Starr Valley Farm/Ranch

33 Upper Starr Valley Road with 38 water-righted acres. Main house 3 bedroom, 2 bathroom, fireplace, vaulted ceilings, front porch and large back deck, attached 2 car garage with storage. Cozy guest house with 2 bedrooms, 1 bathroom with enclosed porch. Barn with loft/studio, nice horse stalls, hay storage, work shop area, and access to East Humboldt. View Complete listings at www.ARanchBroker.com

Photo By: Jennifer Denison

Hannah Kelley, daughter of Zach and April Kelley, catches her cow and dallies in a youth class.

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Nevada Agriculture: Small Farms and Ranchers, Big Export Potential By Dillon Davidson Industry & Global Trade Coordinator

Traveling across the state of Nevada, meeting with agricultural businesses, one of the first questions I ask is, “Have you thought about exporting your product?” The most common responses are “Yes, but we are too small,” or “Yes, but it is too expensive.” Although the breadth of the international market may seem frightening, exporting is crucial to the U.S. and Nevada economies. Access to global markets can move a new or small business from a basement to a local warehouse and even to a global network. In fact, in 2017, small businesses that exported products were 35 percent more productive, had 20 percent greater job growth and were 11 percent more likely to stay financially solvent than non-exporters, according to the USDA Export Sales Reporting Program.

kets, depending on the product and the specific market. Even though there may be hefty competition for a specific good or service domestically, trading internationally provides an opportunity for a U.S. business’ product or service to stand out as something unique to a brand-new customer base.

Trade has clear benefits to business owners, and resources are available to help small businesses navigate trade challenges such as learning new markets, complex customs regulations and communicating with international buyers. The Western United States Trade Association (WUSATA), Nevada Small Business Development Center, U.S. Commercial Service through the International Trade Association, the Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA), and commodity groups have several resources to help small businesses begin exporting.

One of the most common issues businesses run into is a lack of communication from the international buyer. Language barriers can be difficult, especially when there are no opportunities for face-to-face interaction. This can potentially lead to complicated misunderstandings. Working with the NDA and WUSATA can help keep these lines of communication clear.

How to get started A great first step for a small business ready to test the international market is to attend a trade show or trade mission. The NDA and WUSATA coordinate several trade missions across the world to help business owners reach desired markets. There are also in-bound missions and shows throughout the year for those business owners who prefer to remain closer to home. In-bound missions bring international buyers to the United States to meet with local businesses. As we work to strengthen the Nevada economy, one of the most important things for small businesses to know is that trade offers customer base growth and new opportunities for sales of goods and services to a new market. While not a guarantee, competition from within the U.S. can be slim in global mar-

Find info and dates for upcoming TEAM ROPINGS & RANCH RODEOS on our website!

Preparing for challenges Each country has different laws, which means there are different regulations regarding how products coming into their country must be made. Keeping track of international laws can be challenging, especially if a business is looking to export to more than one country at a time. Taking advantage of the resources available can help a business navigate these challenges.

Contact us for more information Entering the international market is an exciting venture that can make a huge impact on any business and the Nevada economy. If you own a business, and you are thinking about diversifying your operations, contact me at ddavidson@agri.nv.gov for more resources and information to help you along the way. Dillon Davidson is the Industry & Global Trade Coordinator for the Nevada Department of Agriculture. He is a global trade specialist who assists Nevada companies through the detailed process of exporting agricultural products into international markets. Davidson holds a Bachelor of Science in international agricultural business from Wilmington College of Ohio and a Master of Science in international agricultural trade and development from Oklahoma State University.

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September 21

Angus Convention is Headed West to Reno, Nevada Nestled along the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada mountain range lies the “Biggest Little City in the World”. Reno, Nevada, extends across the valley floor of the northern Nevada high desert. As expected, the city is no stranger to the Western way of life. Come experience the ranching history, Western nostalgia and modern amenities that radiate from the heart of Reno during the 2019 Angus Convention on Nov. 2-4 at the Reno-Sparks Convention Center. Nevada, which is the farthest west the event has ever traveled, is home to cattle operations of every size and production type, making it the perfect fit to host the annual event. The weekend-long event serves as a gathering place for all quality-focused professionals from every sector of the cattle supply chain – from seedstock and commercial producers, to feeders and packers. Plus, travel destinations such as Lake Tahoe, Sacramento and historical mining towns are just a short drive from the convention center. Held in conjunction with the 136th Annual Convention of Delegates, the Angus Convention offers unrivaled opportunities for hands-on education, face-to-face networking and country music entertainment. “We know that you’re going to have to fly or drive several hours to get out here in the western part of the United States,” said American Angus Association® Board Member David Dal Porto of Dal Porto Livestock near Oakley, California. “But, Reno is centrally located in big cow country. There are large cow-calf operations, stocker operations and feedlots located right here in the Northwest. The Angus Convention provides a positive and comfortable atmosphere that allows you to interact with all segments of the industry, all in one weekend.” Nearly 2,000 cattlemen and women attended the 2018 Angus Convention in Columbus, Ohio, and the Association looks forward to hosting an even

larger crowd this year. With a focus on commercial program offerings, educational sessions from the Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) program, innovative workshops and forward-thinking keynote speakers, this year’s educational component will be second to none. National Angus Tour To kick off the convention, Bently Ranch of Minden, Nevada, will host the National Angus Tour on Friday, Nov. 1. Tour participants will spend the day learning about the history of Bently Ranch and environmental sustainability practices, as well as touring their grass-fed feedyard and homegrown butcher shop. To top it off, the tour concludes at their brand-new distillery and tasting room. Bently Ranch is excited to share their progressive practices with attendees and welcome producers to the Western United States. Historically, the tour is always a crowd favorite at the Angus Convention, and this year, spots are limited to just 400 participants. Start off an exciting weekend of Angus events by signing up for the National Angus Tour on AngusConvention. com when registration opens on July 1. Education and Innovation Angus Convention officially begins on Saturday, Nov. 2 with a powerful opening session presented by Association leadership - but the excitement doesn’t stop there. Education is at the heart of each Angus Convention, and this year is no different. During the multitude of workshops hosted by Association staff and allied industry representatives, participants experience real-world scenarios to equip them with practical information to take back home to the ranch. With an emphasis on commercial cow-calf producer education, topics ranging from cattle health, BQA regulations, digital marketing, Association commercial programs, genomics and evolving technology are all covered in the jam-packed two days. “We welcome the breeder who has five head and the breeder who runs 2,500 head to the Angus Convention,” Dal Porto said. “We also invite the commercial producers, cow-calf producers, stockers and feeders. If Angus cattle are important to your livelihood and your business, this convention

will benefit you in many ways.”

prize giveaway and CAB® brand meals served throughout the weekend. Entertainment

The Angus Genomics Symposium, sponsored by Neogen GeneSeek, features speakers including academic professionals and industry leaders who cover everything from the basics of genomics, to qualifying for the Certified Angus Beef ® ­ (CAB®) brand. Terry Jones, founder and former CEO of Travelocity and former chairman of Kayak.com, will outline simple, yet powerful ideas for fostering innovation in his electrifying keynote session.

In addition to the educational component and the networking at the trade show, let’s not forget about the entertainment side of the Angus Convention. A concert featuring Lubbock, Texas, based Flatland Cavalry, is set to take place on Sunday, Nov. 3. Dust off your dancing boots to take in the young Texas Country band’s classic renditions and heartfelt ballads at the conclusion of the Angus Convention.

The educational gatherings continue on Sunday with an extensive line-up of knowledgeable speakers and workshops during Angus University. Dr. Beck Weathers will take attendees on a journey of his climb up Mount Everest, his second chance to live and how it changed his outlook on life. Trade Show

Registration and hotel reservations open July 1, and more information is available online at www. angusconvention.com. Annual Convention of Delegates An important part of the Angus Convention each year is conducting business on behalf of the nearly 25,000-member organization. This year marks the 136th Annual Convention of Delegates, where representatives from each state will elect new members and officers to the Association Board of Directors, and look to the future for the Angus breed.

When producers aren’t hearing about the latest educational advancements, they’re learning about the newest products and services on the expansive trade show floor. Guests have the opportunity to visit with allied industry partners, fellow Angus breeders and agricultural businesses with product offerings to benefit today’s progressive cattlemen and women.

Plans are already underway for the Annual Convention of Delegates, and the first step is nominating Angus leaders to serve as voting delegates for their respective state or district.

“The trade show is considered one of the main attractions of the weekend,” Dal Porto said. “It provides a place for people to congregate when they aren’t taking in an educational session or sitting in a business meeting. There is so much to learn and so much to see, you’ll leave with more knowledge than you came in with.”

Each eligible voting member of the Association was mailed a nomination form to select one member who would be a successful delegate to the national meeting. Signed nomination forms must be received in the Association office no later than 4:30 p.m. CDT on Friday, June 7.

Angus breeders receive exclusive booth discounts, and those interested in reserving space can learn more at angusconvention.com.

Please reference mailed documents for complete details, or visit www.angus.org for more information on the delegate nomination process.

“This is not just a convention for Angus producers” Dal Porto said. “This is a convention for all cattle producers. We enjoy getting our commercial customers involved in this business so they can learn more about what we do, and how we can help their business as well.”

Registration and hotel reservations for the 2019 Angus Convention and Trade Show open July 1. Visit www.angusconvention.com for more details. — Written by Katy Holdener, Angus Communications

The exciting Innovation Workshop series from Neogen will be featured in the trade show again this year, as well as a John Deere grand



Reno-Sparks Convention Center | Reno, Nevada



Nevada Beef Council Producer Update Seasonal Marketing

We are in the middle of peak “grilling season”, which typically begins with Memorial Day and ends on Labor Day. (Though for those of you reading this from Southern Nevada, does grilling season ever really end?) Big holidays such as Father’s Day and Independence Day, summer vacations, and warm weather all converge during this 15-week stretch, making it prime time for outdoor cooking and celebrations. For the Beef Checkoff and state beef councils (SBCs) such as yours here in Nevada, capitalizing on this prime grilling time with seasonal marketing and outreach to both consumers and those in the retail channel is a big part of every summer. Let’s take some of the “beefy” holidays that occur during this timeframe, for example. Did you know that National Hamburger Day is May 28th and National Beef Jerky Day is June 12th? And an entire month (July) is dedicated to the summertime staple that is the hot dog. When it comes to food holidays – especially beef-related ones - these are just the tip of the iceberg. The checkoff and SBCs lead the charge in celebrating these all-important food holidays through timely social media and digital marketing targeting consumers. What’s more, seasonal content is regularly update on BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com, including a robust burger collection and unique beef jerky recipes in honor of the afore-mentioned dates. But it doesn’t take a specific holiday to celebrate all things beef, especially during grilling season. That’s why checkoff-funded organizations work hard to highlight and promote beef through partnerships with retailers, for whom beef means business – especially during the summer months. Beef has long been a particularly attractive feature for retail-

ers, and for good reason. Beef drives more sales, with shopping baskets that include beef nearly double the average trip ring, while carts with beef drive 44 percent more sales across the store than those with chicken. Beef also drives consumers to stores. When it comes to retailers promoting beef, research has shown that store circulars and apps almost always highlight meat department items on the front page because it draws consumers to stores. Because of this draw, retailers have run at least 12.1 million meat and poultry ads in each of the past several years. In terms of grilling, consumers say beef is frequently their top grilling season protein. Retail sales data certainly supports this as high-value middle meat steak sales jump over 5 percent from average during this timeframe. And while ground beef remains a steady player throughout the year, it really shines in burger form during these summer months. To get a sense of just what cuts consumers reach for during the grilling season, take a look at the top selling cuts from this 15-week period in 2018. (See table.)

2018 Grilling Season – Top Selling Cuts by Dollars Ribeye Steak Strip Steak T-Bone Steak Tenderloin Steak Top Sirloin Steak Chuck Center Roast Stew Meat Top Round First Steak Tenderloin Filet Porterhouse Steak Clearly, retailers don’t need a more compelling reason to feature beef during these summer months. But checkoff-funded organizations make sure they have plenty of tools at their fingertips to really highlight the protein, in both their marketing efforts, and at the meat case. Through development of ready-to-use marketing assets, sharing of consumer research that offers helpful insight for the retail environment, and promotion of Chuck Knows Beef (the all-new virtual assistant that is an expert on all things beef), the checkoff works to make it easy for retailers to incorporate beef into their marketing efforts. For the Nevada Beef Council, the recently updated website even includes a portal specifically for those in the retail and foodservice industries, which is available at http://www.nevadabeef.org/retail-foodservice. All of this represents just a portion of ways in which your checkoff works to promote beef all season long, so that when Nevadans fire up their grills this summer, they’ll remember what’s for dinner. Beef. Learn more about grilling favorites at BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com.

! t a e Fresh Strawberry Cake s ’ Let Words and Photo By Jennifer Whiteley

Lamoille, Nev.—For as far back as I can remember, my family has loved Strawberry Freezer Jam. You know the recipe on the package for Suregel? You crush your strawberries and add your sugar to them and let the sugar dissolve in the juices? Then you mix your Suregel, water, and lemon juice and bring it to a boil. Then mix it all together, put it into freezer containers, let set for 24 hours, and freeze? It is our favorite. So much better than a cooked strawberry jam! My great aunt Marge, mom, or cousin Margie would make a trip to Idaho, and bring back flats of strawberries about the size of the tip of my thumb and fill the walk-in cooler with them. They smelled so good and tasted even better. Then we would spend the day making jam. We enjoyed the jam on sourdough pancakes and biscuits, on cookies, on ice

! y o j n E

cream, you name it. It was a sad day when we ran out of strawberry jam. I love fresh strawberries. I love them so much, I even tried growing them in my little garden. That is until they took over everything and the birds always beat me to the berries before they were even ripe. Then I decided it would just be easier to buy them as needed at the grocery store! I’m pretty sure my love of strawberries goes back to my memories of making strawberry jam with my mom. I’m always on the lookout for a new recipe that includes strawberries in the summertime, especially desserts. This is one of the Cowboss’s favorites, and it is very simple, made with pantry staples, and few dishes, which I like! I also think that when baked in a pretty pie plate, this simple dessert turns into something fancy.

Fresh Strawberry Cake Modestly adapted from Martha Stewart Living (June 2005), via Karen Tannenbaum

Servings: One 9-inch cake, 8-10 servings Prep Time: 15 Minutes Cook Time: 1 Hour 10 Minutes Total Time: 1 Hour 25 Minutes Ingredients 1-1/2 cups all-purpose flour, spooned into measuring cup and leveled-off 1-1/2 teaspoons baking powder 1/2 teaspoon salt 6 tablespoons unsalted butter, softened, plus more for greasing the pan 1 cup plus 2 tablespoons sugar, divided 1 large egg 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1/2 cup milk (low fat is fine) About 3/4-pound strawberries, hulled and halved Instructions Preheat the oven to 350°F and butter a 9-inch deep dish pie pan or 9-inch square cake pan. In a medium bowl, whisk together the flour, baking powder and salt. Set aside. In the bowl of an electric mixer, beat the butter and 1 cup of the sugar until pale and fluffy, about 3 minutes. Add the egg and vanilla and beat on low speed until well combined. Gradually add the flour mixture, alternating with the milk, and beat on low speed until smooth. (Note: the batter will be thick.) Transfer the batter to the prepared pan and smooth with a spatula (if you use a square cake pan, the batter will only come about 3/4-inch up the sides of the pan -- that’s ok). Arrange the strawberries on top, cut side down, so that they completely cover the batter (the recipe calls for approximately 3/4 pound of strawberries; use more or less if necessary). Sprinkle the remaining 2 tablespoons of sugar over the strawberries. Bake for ten minutes, then reduce the heat to 325°F and bake until the cake is lightly golden, and a tester comes out clean, about an hour. Let the cake cool in the pan on a rack. Serve with sweetened whipped cream or vanilla ice cream, if desired. Take can be stored at room temperature for several days, loosely covered. Freezer-Friendly Instructions: The cake can be frozen for up to 3 months. After it is completely cooled, cover it tightly with aluminum foil or freezer wrap. Thaw overnight on the counter-top before serving.


Your Farm’s Next Generation: How and When to Involve Your Children Words By: Kathy Daily, First Financial Bank Planting season is coming to a close on the farm and a new crop of graduates is being harvested at the local high school. For some, college was decided long ago but for others they may be planning to stick around the farm and help out the family. While that might seem like a good idea given the current farm economy, you might want to give that plan a little more thought. The tender age of eighteen is too young to know what you really want to do with your life, and although college isn’t for everyone, most young adults need the additional time to grow up and decide what they want to do. Education after high school doesn’t necessarily mean college, trade schools are just as valuable and are in high demand. Some of the most successful farm families I know have a family rule that their children cannot join the family farm after high school. They must first attend college and then get a job for a minimum of 2 to 4 years, before they are allowed to join the family farm. This allows them to grow up off the farm, learn how to support themselves without the farm carrying them. It also gives them a good opportunity to learn something of value that they can bring back to the farm. Bringing your children into the family farm can be even more difficult if you are partners with other family members who have children who want to join the farm as well. How do you decide to gets to join? I’ve seen some partnerships dissolve at this point because they couldn’t agree on how to bring in the next generation. The partnerships dissolved and formed new partnerships with their children. Its’ good to

discuss adding additional family members early in the partnership and make it part of the agreement so there are no surprises when kids graduate from school. Bringing the next generation onto the farm works well when it’s done right, but everyone needs to understand upfront that you are operating a business and like any business you need the best person for the job. Be sure that you match the person’s talent to the skill set needed for the job, and don’t just fill a tractor seat. I read an article recently where one family actually interviews family members wanting to join the farm. The interviews are conducted by senior members of the operation in “what if” scenarios. This concept seems a bit extreme, but it is a good way to let your kids know that joining the family farm isn’t a cake walk and they will be expected to make tough decisions that could make or break the farm. My husband and I raised two sons, who were quite different from one another. Our oldest son enjoyed literature, history, computers, marketing and business concepts. Our youngest son was bored to death in the classroom and couldn’t wait to get his hands on something. There are jobs for both of my sons on a farm, but they are not interchangeable. For the sake of your family and your business, take the time to make sure everyone is making the right decision for the future. Kathy Daily is the Senior Vice President of First Financial Bank’s Farm and Ranch Division. (www.ffb1.com) Mrs. Daily has been an agricultural lender for over 25 years. To contact her, phone 888-398-4119 or email her at kdaily@ffb1.com .

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4H Grows Here Lamoille Crossroads 4-H

Words By: Tessa Draves, Reporter- Lamoille Crossroads 4-H Club Lamoille, Nev.--Lamoille Crossroads 4-H Club wanted to help out a couple of families this year for Easter. There are several families of elderly people that have a little trouble each year finding how they can get an Easter dinner, or simply do not want to cook a nice meal for themselves. We have helped them out for several years, and this year we decided to do the same. We started by choosing 10 families of elderly shut-ins, and then assigned which members of our club would bring food to put in boxes. Each member brought an item off of the list, and we loaded the boxes. Then the members split up the elderly families amongst themselves. The families were very thankful to have an Easter dinner this year, and very happy to see our 4-H club helping out our community. 4-H week is a very special thing for the Lamoille Crossroads 4-H Club. During this week we do all we can to inform kids about agriculture and what we do. For several of the past years members of our club have visited Spring Creek Elementary School to talk about what 4-H has done for us, and to inform different grade levels about what 4-H is. We only hope that our trip will help to convince more kids to join 4-H in the coming year, so they can gain some experience with agriculture, sewing, gardening, and much, much more. We had a lot of fun sharing about 4-H and hope to see more kids joining! In Lamoille during Christmas time the elderly may have trouble getting out of their houses in the snow and ice. Lamoille Crossroads 4-H Club

wanted to show them some love over the holidays, so for several years now we have suited up in our snow gear and hopped on the back of a flatbed trailer, to go out and spread some joy and love. All of our members gathered together to Christmas carol in some extreme weather. In the end we were a little bit frozen, but very happy to drive around Lamoille and show some love to the elderly that don’t get out of their houses much during this time of the year. Giving homemade cookies to families in Lamoille while we carol is my favorite activity. The Lamoille 4-H Club loves to teach others about what we do. Once a year we have a petting zoo for the kids at Spring Creek Elementary School. We allow them to pet several different types of animals, and we show them what we do with that animal in 4-H. I think this day is a great thing to do because telling the kids about the animals is one thing, but showing them animals and exciting them is what can really influence them to join 4-H. This year our club members have many different projects, and the kids really enjoyed interacting with a variety of animals and learning a little bit about them. The Lamoille Crossroads 4-H club is part of the Elko County 4-H program. Are you a member, or have children who are involved in agriculture related youth groups? We would love to hear from you! Contact Jennifer Whiteley at j.whiteley@winnemuccapublishing.net to be featured!

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Above: The Lamoille Crossroads 4-H club made and delivered 11 Easter dinners for senior citizens in the Lamoille community. Photo By: Tammy Buzzetti

Right: Leader Tammy Buzzetti exclaimed “These kiddos d id a great job today promoting 4-H to the 4th graders at Spring Creek Elementary to Celebrate National 4-H week!

Photo By: Tammy Buzzetti

Above: Dashing through the snow on a tractor powered sleigh, 4-Her’s sand Christmas carols in Lamoille, in December.

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In 2019, severe spring weather included blizzards, floods, and twisters that created serious management concerns for beef producers. Cattle reduced their mineral consumption because free choice minerals likely washed away, lost effectiveness due to leaching, or were not provided consistently. Some producers concentrated only on moving animals to higher ground. Weather caused delays in working cattle, further disrupting supplementation and vaccination schedules. Operators also faced the challenges of locating quality, carryover hay supplies. Some provided old hay bales that had lost nutrients to UV light and inclement weather. Harsh environmental conditions potentially stress cattle, causing them to deplete essential trace minerals. Severe weather events such as these created a weather-induced mineral crisis. Roberto A. Palomares, D.V.M., Ph.D., Associate Professor at the University of Georgia, and Director of Group for Reproduction in Animals, Vaccinology and Infectious Diseases (GRAVID), has studied the effects of injectable trace minerals (ITMs) on cattle immunity for five years. ITMs include copper, zinc, selenium, and manganese. In a recent trial, Palomares immunized 48 one-month old dairy calves with an intranasal modified-live virus (MLV) vaccine. Half of the animals received Multimin®90 ITMs, while the remaining half received saline solution. Sixty days later, calves were assigned to four groups of 12 calves each: • One set received intranasal MLV vaccine and another dose of ITM, • One set received subcutaneous (subq) MLV vaccine and ITM, • One set received intranasal vaccine and saline solution, and • One set, subq vaccine and saline. Twelve calves served as a control group, receiving neither vaccines nor ITMs. “After 49 days, we challenged them with Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) and Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis Virus (IBR),” Palomares recalls. “Finally, we placed an endoscope into the upper respiratory tract to determine disease protection by determining the levels of inflammation and tissue damage.” Since endoscopes are not routinely used in cattle, Palomares created a scoring system reflecting symptoms in sinus and nasal cavities, the nature of excretions, and the appearance of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. The control group, also challenged with BVDV and IBR, displayed significant inflammation, respiratory tract ulceration, and soft tissue nodules. BVDV commonly suppresses immunity, allowing highly infectious bacteria, such as Pasteurella multocida or Mycoplasma bovis to cause secondary infections. “The two groups receiving vaccines plus ITMs had significantly lower endoscopic respiratory clinical scores,” Palomares reveals. “Although those receiving vaccine only were protected from infection compared to unprotected animals. Animals receiving ITMs with vaccine had the highest positive statistical difference, suggesting that ITMs decreased inflammation and tissue damage caused by BVDV and IBR.” Stress from inclement weather, weaning, shipping, or vaccinations may result in excessive oxidant or free radical production. These compounds damage cell DNA, nuclei, and cell membranes. Both leukocytes (white blood cells) and neutrophils (specialized white blood cells) fight infection and are especially susceptible to oxidant damage.


Trace minerals, particularly copper, selenium, and zinc, boost enzymes that neutralize free radicals. Zinc is also crucial for the growth of cells involved in DNA replication, such as white blood cells. Selenium also moves neutrophils to infection sites. Manganese converts cholesterol to estrogen and testosterone, which is necessary for reproduction. Trace minerals also have specific cell functions that optimize immune systems after vaccination. One injection of Multimin®90 reduces deficiencies within one to eight hours, providing immediate benefits. “Provide injections of Multimin®90 at critical times, such as weaning and vaccinations,” Palomares concludes. “Identify those procedures in your operation when stress will be higher. Using ITMs at those times is a good option.” L.D. Barker, D.V.M., has a large animal practice in Newcastle, Oklahoma. He says trace minerals promote immunity levels, maintain animal health, and production performance. “We’ve seen an increase in disease during harsh weather; trace mineral deficiencies are occurring earlier in these animals,” Barker reports. “We encourage producers to vaccinate at three months instead of four months and to use ITMs each time. This protects animals from marginal and severe deficiencies, and producers readily get their animals on the same page. If animals are trace mineral deficient, operators cannot maximize the return on their investment.” Barker believes the failure of many vaccination programs is due to inadequate trace minerals. Animals cannot eat trace minerals fast enough to help the immune system respond effectively to the protective components in the vaccine. “Whether health and performance are improved depends on the trace mineral status of individual animals and therefore the population,” Richeson explains. “Some research shows improved production outcomes when giving Multimin®90 at initial stocker or feedlot processing or within 30 to 45 days of initial processing. ITMs stimulate cattle immune systems because trace minerals like zinc and copper are critical for several components of the immune response. “ Once in the feedlot, animals receive balanced diets with trace minerals included in the feed supplement, but that may not help trace mineral deficient calves catch up. Restoring trace minerals solely through the diet is difficult because newly received feedyard animals display low and erratic consumption. It takes longer to restore trace mineral levels solely through dietary means versus adding ITMs. As a result, trace mineral deficient animals cannot reach their full potential for health and performance. Richeson advises feedyard managers to prepare their staff members to receive weather-stressed cattle. “Don’t overwhelm your system if you plan to receive many of these cattle in the fall. Injecting Multimin®90 if they’re nutritionally stressed and deficient in trace minerals at initial processing can be helpful.” Producers can avoid a weather-induced mineral crisis in their herds when they manage stress, provide good feedstuffs, and make sure a complete mineral is available at all times. By giving ITMs concurrently with vaccination and booster shots, producers can ensure improved immunity and performance. For more information, contact your veterinarian or visit www. multiminusa.com.


2019 Sean Miller Memorial Ranch Rodeo Words Submitted By: Sandy Kiel Photos By: Kathy Bengoa, The Cowboy Life On Saturday June 1st, in Lovelock NV, 4 Jr/SR teams and 5 women’s teams competed to see who could take home the top team awards. Each team competed in team roping, tie-down roping, Doctoring, branding and big loop roping. The Flying M Ranch fought tough winning the Team roping and Branding, helping them pull in the most points and the win. The Flying M teammates were DW Fowler, Cleo Fowler, Tyler Miller and Frank Bengoa. Silver Creek Gals, Natalie Norcutt, Bryn Lehman, Lindy Lehman and Bea Lee swooped in and took home the top team buckles for the women’s team. Katie Cavison won the steer stopping on Saturday and Taylor Kerns won the Saddle bronc riding. Sunday 24 teams arrived at 7 am to start the day off in the Open division all of which were working their best to win the Custom-made saddle for the Top hand in Memory of Sean Miller who passed away in 2010. All 24 teams competed in the team roping, doctoring, tie down, big loop and branding. Michael Mori from Tuscarora won the Saddle and was on the winning team with Quinn Mori, Austin Carrasco and Trevor Carrasco.

Dummy Roping 5 and under Jett Freeman Dummy Roping 6-10 Mirena Mori Steer Stopping – Katie Cavison Bronc Riding – Taylor Kerns

Jr/ Sr 1 Flying M 2 Draper 3 Thompson/ McGarva 4 Remington Construction

Women 1 Silver Creek Gals 2 Remington Construction Gals 3 C5 Ranch 4 Goemmer Ranches 5 Damale Girls

Open 1 Mori /Carasco 2 Eigurens 3 Flying Q 4/5 Deadman 4/5 The Cowboy Life Photography

Photos By: Kathy Bengoa, The Cowboy Life

Top Left: Jr Branding Thompson McGarva Team- Father, Hezzie McGarva and son, Damian McGarva working the ground while Father, TJ Thompson, and son Nate Thompson head and heel the calf. Top Right: Tie Down, The Damele Girls. Sisters Emily Carrasco, Katie Damele, Deanna Pollock and Beth Damele have been working together their entire lives. Bottom Right: Open Teams-Padilla Team, Lindy Leham on the head side while brother and sister duo- Clay and Natalie Norcutt , signal for time in the Tie Down event.


Color Indicates place






Place per event = points







etc, etc




Team roping

Sort & Doctor


Total Times + Points






























Bailey Corkill





Mitzi Corkill Kale Knittle Marisa Julian





Sarah Maestrejuan





Jimmy Dominguez Leah Mori Michelle Rutan









* Branding = tie breaker

1 Kiel Livestock

Tayler Teichert Sandy Kiel Andrea Sestanivich Noel Lambert


2 Full Hearts Co.

Tayler Teichert Desi Dotson Taylor Hurley Claire Buchanan


Hannah Ballantyne Stahli Wilkinson Becky Kershner Lexi Osborne

Photos By: Kathy Bengoa, The Cowboy Life Top Left: Maher Ranch Team- Tim Maher, Steve Maher, Dex Maddock and Katlen Schimmelpfennig. Top Right: Matt Ourada and Logen Defenbaugh hold on tight during the bareback relay race.

3 Swing & String

Fast Times Full Hearts (Claire Buchanan) hosted a competitive 3 days of roping in Winnemucca, NV. The weekend started on Friday June 14th with a handicapped #6 ACTRA Roping Jackpot. Saturday kicked off with the WSRRA Ranch Rodeo, Slickhorn Jackpot Roping then finished with a buffet dinner and dancing at the Bakarra Basque Bistro. The weekend wrapped up on Sunday with a day for the girls, including a breakaway jackpot, an RFD-TV American breakaway qualifer, and team roping. To view official sponsors and full event results and information visit https://events.fullheartsco.com/






4 C5 Ranch

5 Team Anipro

6 2-4 Ranch

Renee Jackson 1st Jessica Jackson Abby Estes Place per event = points Danielle Sayler 10

Color Indicates place

7 ROPERS MEN's TEAM NAME Hannah Buermann South End Team

1 Rancharonies 8 Party Ponies



Bar M Ranch Rex Ranchosaurus

Charmaign Edwards Kassi Defenbaugh Cindy ChadHoagland Steele

Levi Piquett Desi Dotson Victor Ugalde Taylor Hurley JoshLambert Mans Noel

0 2nd

9 3rd

9 Branding* 0.0000








Team roping 0.0000

Sort & Doctor 1.4419



6 Race 19.8700















etc, until 1

Total Place Points

4 Places Payout




* Branding = tie breaker














Andrea Sestanivich

Josh Harrer

Abby Estes

JuniorWilkinson Harney Staheli Hannah Ballantyne JT Villagrana Jessica Jackson



















Woody Harney

3 39 Fingers Ranch

Tim Maher Katlen Schimmelpfenning Victor Ugalde Levi Paquet

































4 Maher Ranch

Tim Maher Steve Maher Katlen Schimmelpfenning Dex Maddock

5 Makin It Rein

Kent Torkelson Joe Aquiso Wes Teichert Cody Barkdull

6 Norbert

Norbert Gibson Ryan Hayes Lyle Lowman Chase Davis






16th Annual Shelman Family Ranch & Performance Horse Sale Results Held on Friday and Satruday, June 7 & 8th, 2019 in Burns, OR. Horse sale preview included: Ranch Roping, Trail Class, Working Cowhorse, Team Roping & Confirmation.Event also included a bbq and Old West Bronc Riding.

Courtesy Photo

Courtesy Photo

The high seller this year was Lot 32, “IM STYLISH ROYALTY” consigned by Mary Nelson. The 5 year old sorrel gelding sold to Abby Estes for $20,500 and was shown by Cole Hook.

The reserve high seller this year was Lot 24 “CHROMES PINK FLOYD” consigned by Taylor and Amelia Wakley. The 9 year old red roan gelding sold to Lightning 7 Cattle Co. for $20,000.


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Building your Resume By Norma Elliott

“Love the Lord your God with all your heart soul, mind and strength and love your neighbor as yourself.” An older cowboy friends of ours always says “you’re building your resume” after doing something really ballsy on the ranch...or after a long day. It might include working some places you’ll never return to. Resume building is also code for building character. Resume building is all about staying through until that particular job is complete. And finally, resume building is all about gaining experience.

I will try my best not to repeat.

I always found his words funny and comforting in some strange way. Probably because I’m such a list maker and thrive on accomplishments. If I felt I had wasted the day because we put cattle in a trap to work them the next morning, only to find that someone forgot to check the West gate and they all….did you hear me right...ALL... made a mad dash for the mesa and we had to gather them again. This is an examples where this saying comes in handy. “You’re just building your resume”...

It’s there somewhere anyways, among lug wretches, come-a- longs, a broken valve from the trough, the broken axe handle, and a chewed up rope from the pup you bought last spring. But no denying it’s there...and when the time is right and you’re ask to work at that next ranch, or daywork for the neighbor down the road...you shall dig for the resume to see if it’s a go or a no. If it’s a lesson learned or if it’s time to do some more building. Besides, gathering wild cattle on the border might be fun. It might not but when the day is done...it too will be added to your ever growing resume.

Do you think we ever did that again? No, every gate, and I mean every gate, whether it takes thirty minutes or two hours has since that day been checked. Resume building equals, I learned from that dummy mistake and

Sometimes we learn how not to do something and at other times we say…”toss me that empty feedsack Ethel..I got a grand idea and I gotta jot it down”. Either way it is tossed into the pickup beds of our minds...stored away to draw upon when needed.

You see we all build something, we all build our resume in one form or another. We build lives, we build families, companies, churches, character, integrity, friendships. We build reputations. Many people build resumes that will last for years and will be talked about for generations to come. Those strong and courageous, the daring, the pioneer, the inventor, the risk taker. The generous and the reliable. The one who made something old new and the one who was a wealth of knowledge. How about the story teller or the woman who made the best rolls this side of the Pecos. Although the rolls are over the top delicious, we all know it’s because part of her heart was baked right in there with them. Who are you? Are you the one with the open door, the neighbor that pulls up with a hot meal when your friend just got out of the hospital. The one that paid the electric bill for the family that’s down on their luck. Are you the one that helps the struggling kid with his math homework, or show up with the tractor to help get crops in before yet another rain. Does your resume look like the character of what you want to leave behind or does it just look like a character? You see we all build resumes, we all build…..but it’s not so much about the job, the ranch, the cows, or bulls. It’s not so much about the long day and regathering the cattle that made their dash to the Mesa. It’s about who’s in our resume. Who is watching our lives? Who is the next to build that’s following your example? It’s really about the people along the way. I will leave you will this...the simplest Words but the most important ones written. “Love the Lord your God with all your heart soul, mind and strength and love your neighbor as yourself.” And in doing that...your resume will be one to which you are sure to hear… “Well done, good and faithful servant.” Thank you for reading!


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2018 Reno Snaffle Bit Futurity Open Champions, Metallic Flame & Justin Wright

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Selling Performance & Ranch Horses, 2-Year-Olds, Yearlings & Broodmares

Sale Preview: Friday, September 13 at 2 p.m. Sale Day: Saturday, September 14 at 10 a.m.

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Smith Creek Property, Jiggs, Nevada

5,300 deeded plus BLM permit attached to ranch. 5 center pivot’s irrigating approx. 583 acres plus another 28 acres with surface water rights out of large spring. Three homes plus shop and other outbuildings. 1 land owner Elk Tag. This Elko Co. ranch offered.

220 deeded acres with approx. 126 with surface water rights out of Smith Creek. Great homesite already carved out of the hill above the meadows with well and trees planted. On county maintained road approx. 30 miles out of Elko.

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Market Report


Auction Directory Get the most up-to-date market reports by visiting these websites NEVADA Nevada Livestock Marketing LLC Sale every Wednesday 1025 North Allen Road, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 423-7760 Fax: (775) 423-1813 www.nevadalivestock.us • Fallon Livestock LLC Sale every Tuesday 2055 Trento Lane, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 867-2020 Fax: (775) 867-2021 www.fallonlivestock.com • Superior Livestock Auction Load-lots of cattle sold via satellite and the Internet Northern Nevada

Representative Allie Bear (775) 738-8534 www.superiorlivestock.com

CALIFORNIA Shasta Livestock Auction Yard Sale every Friday Cottonwood, California Office: (530) 347-3793 Fax: (530) 347-0329 www.shastalivestock.com • Cattlemen’s Livestock Market Sale every Wednesday 12495 E. Stockton Blvd., Galt, California Office: (209) 745-1515 www.clmgalt.com

IDAHO Producers Livestock Marketing Assn.

11 South 100 West, Jerome, Idaho Office: (208) 324-4345 Cattle auction every Tuesday; dairy auction every-other Wednesday www.producerslivestock.com • Treasure Valley Livestock Auction Beef sale every Friday; General sale every other Saturday 1901 E. Chicago, Caldwell, Idaho Office: (208) 459-7475; (800) 788-4429 treasurevalleylivestock.com • Twin Falls Livestock Commission

www.twinfallslivestock.com Office: (208) 733-7474 630 Commercial Ave. Twin Falls, ID

OREGON Producers Livestock Marketing Sale every Wednesday P.O. Box 67, Vale, Oregon Office: (541) 473-3136 www.producerslivestock.com • Central Oregon Livestock Auction Sale Every Monday 3457 S.W. Hwy. 97 Madras, Oregon Office: (541) 475-3851 www.centraloregonlivestock

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Italian Cowboys In America NOT SO

Desolate Ranch Wife Commentary by Jolyn Young

Two years ago, I received an email from an Italian cowboy. Massimo Tupone, aka “Max,” wrote to say he followed my blog and was an avid fan of the American West. He lived in Guardiagrele, a small town up in the mountains of central Italy near Rome. Max and his friend Luca enjoyed team roping and all things cowboy. Also, did I happen to know a ranch where they could come work for two weeks in exchange for nothing more than room and board?

I introduced my new European friends to my internet acquaintances Joel and Rachel Maloney via email. The Maloneys have a ranch in southern Arizona, and they invited Max and Luca to stay in their bunkhouse and cowboy with them. According to the post-trip email I received, all four got along fabulously. I was super relieved, because I hadn’t actually met any of the involved parties in person. For all I knew, any one (or all) of them could’ve been ax murderers. Here’s some international insight regarding the American West from Max, who is not an ax murderer. NR: What is your background with horses? MT: I’ve been around horses since a was a kid. It was a passion of my father’s, so we always had one or two horses around our house. NR: How did you become interested in the American West? MT: [Due to the] horses, I’ve grown up with a deep passion for the United States. I loved everything regarding the West, from big pickup trucks to cowboys, wide open spaces and big ranches. While the other kids in Italy loved to play soccer all day, I spent all my days with my horses. NR: Where did you learn how to rope? MT: Roping in my life arrived late in the years, because very few people do that around here. [When I was a kid, we had] a lot of people that do team penning, cutting, reining, but very few that roped and nobody close enough to my home to teach me. NR: When did you first come to America? MT: First time in Western USA was in Burns, Oregon. 20 years ago. [Me and Luca went on an organized trip] to the Maupin family’s ranch. We branded, doctored, castrated. I saw for the first time a rodeo. We did everything I only read on magazines, and I fell in love with this life. NR: So, that inspired return trips? MT: After that experience, we were in the USA many times. We spent days on ranches in Montana, Idaho and Wyoming. Last two years, we went to our friend Joel and Rachel’s. They have a ranch in Benson, Arizona. Two special people, I could never thank them enough for their hos-

All In A Day’s Ride

About the time you think you’ve seen it all, up jumps the devil with a new adventure. Just take a trip downtown someday. All you Buckaroos and Buckeretts are in for a culture shock. You’ll be using phrases like, “Did you see that?” “Is that a person or animal?” “How did she get those pants on?” “Wow, I’ve never seen anything like that before?” I had a adventure the other day, I’d like to share with you. I was shopping, in Wally World, had Commentary by most of my stuff in the basket, when I hear David W. Glaser this lady screaming and a boy screaming back. I looked over just in time to see him flop over on his back, still screaming an now he is kicking and flailing his arms too. First thought was he is having a seizure. Turned out he was having a fit alright, an Anger Fit! His mother is standing over him yelling “Fernando, you stop, I’m going to count to 10”. Well by this time quite a crowd had gathered; an elderly grandmotherly type was standing close to me and I could tell she was irritated. The mother reached 10 and Fernando just turned up the volume. “Okay” she said “I’m going to count to 20”. Granny was grinding her


pitality and for what Joel is teaching us about ranching. NR: How does raising cattle in Italy differ from American cattle ranching? MT: In Italy, cattle breeding is pretty different from USA. Many farms have intensive breeding programs, so cows live only inside. Luckily, in the last years some people started to breed in more natural ways. The only problem is that we don’t have so much land to leave cattle free. It is pretty difficult find big pasture for cows. Anyway, something has changed, finally you can find Black Angus or Hereford, all breeds that never were around here before. One of my dreams is to have someday a herd of Black Angus to breed in the same way of the US ranches. I’m working on it at this moment. NR: When is your next trip to America? MT: I’m planning to come back in Arizona next June [to work on a ranch]. I’d like to be at Cowpuncher Reunion Rodeo, never been there and next year I’ll try to be. Someday I’d like to come back to the Great Basin too. NR: What is your favorite horseback/ranching activity? MT: At this moment, in Italy, I’m doing team roping and ranch roping most of the time. I try to train every weekend in a small ranch in south of Italy. I’m also trekking horseback sometimes, I live in a mountainous area, so we have pretty nice trails and breathtaking landscape around here. NR: Are there a lot of team roping events to attend in Italy? MT: The team roping situation is pretty different from north to south of Italy. In the north, in the past years this sport is growing quickly. Many people do roping at this time. Thanks to Mike Crouch, we have the European Team Roping Championship ETRC sanctioned by WSTR. There are 2 events a year here for qualification for Las Vegas finals, then 5 or 6 matches for the European championship. Plus, you can find finally some country fair with bull riding and roping events pretty close to American rodeos. From a couple of years, thanks to my friend Chiara Milani, we also have the Horseback and Women’s Professional smiling: Max loves Rodeo Association, with anything that team roping, breakaway involves horses, and tie down roping cows, big country, events for the girls. There and ropes. are also many American people that rope here because we have some NATO military bases here in Italy. NR: What is it like in the south of Italy? MT: In the south, the situation is very different. No events, very few people that rope. We are trying to develop it in some way. I say never give up. I hope in some years we can eliminate the gap. teeth, knew she wanted to borrow my belt! Before she got to 40, Granny gave me a sharp elbow in the ribs an with a nod of her head put me in the game. I had on my cowboy hat, my dirty ol wranglers and my boots with my spurs which I never take off; so, I just stepped astraddle this screaming little varmint, like a big black cloud and yelled “Hey, Knock it Off”! Could have heard a pin drop…………... till Granny and 4 of her ol buddies started clapping. I kinda puffed out my chest and walked down the aisle right into a pair of “Suits”; squirrely little buggers; One had a tag on said “Manager”, the other one’s said “Assistant”. The bigger of the two runts said “You yelled at a poor little boy; you’ll have to leave the store…… after you check out”. Before I could respond Granny and her 4 amigos pushed into the altercation; “Look here Sonny, you kick him out, we’re all going with him and you can shove your Check Out”. They grabbed me by the arm and we all marched toward the door, high fiving all the way; as we pasted the checker, I heard the checker say “Who are you guys?” Granny tossed over her shoulder, with a giggle, “Ever hear of the Hole in the Wall Gang?” As the door closed behind us Dumb an Dumber were still trying to silence Fernando. It’s all in a Day’s Ride! It’s all in a Day’s Ride! David W Glaser Contact David to purchase his book dhranch3@gmail.com or call 208-989-5404


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