Nevada Rancher Magazine- May 2019

Page 1

Oldest Independent Livestock Monthly in Nevada

This Issue is Themed:

Inspiring Youth


MAY, 2019

Volume XLIX, Number 5

Inside: Rosealee Rieman • Danyelle Draper Youth Photo Contest Results • Bovine Pregnancy Stages

It matters who you work sun-up to sun-down with.


The load is lightened when you work with someone you trust. That’s why Nevada State Bank works alongside you on everything from equipment financing and operating lines to livestock purchases and real estate.* Our agriculture specialist, John Hays, is here for you—and he’s already got his sleeves rolled up. *Subject to credit approval. Terms and conditions apply. A division of Zions Bancorporation, N.A. Member FDIC Equal Housing Lender

John Hays

Agricultural Banking Specialist | 775.393.2376



clm rEprESEntAtiVES Jake Parnell ..................................916-662-1298 George Gookin .......................... 209-482-1648 Rex Whittle..................................209-996-6994 Mark Fischer ............................... 209-768-6522 Kris Gudel .....................................916-208-7258 Steve Bianchi .............................707-484-3903 Joe Gates ..................................... 707-694-3063 Jason Dailey ................................ 916-439-7761

WEdnESdAy SAlE ScHEdulE Butcher Cows ..........................................8:30 a.m. Cow-Calf Pairs/Bred Cows ........... 11:30 a.m. Feeder Cattle .............................................. 12 p.m.

Auction mArkEt Address ......12495 Stockton Blvd., Galt, CA Office..............................................209-745-1515 Fax .................................................. 209-745-1582 Website/Market Report Web Broadcast

AmAdor-El dorAdoSAcrAmEnto county cAttlEmEn’S fEEdEr SAlES

Breakfast at 7:30 a.m. • Sales at 8;30 a.m.

Monday, May 13 Saturday, June 1 Monday, June 17

cAttlEmEn’S SpEciAl fEEdEr SAlES Sales at 12 p.m. Wednesday, May 1 Wednesday, May 22 Wednesday, June 26 Wednesday, July 17

WEB BroAdcASt ViSit uS onlinE Call to Consign to UPCoMing Western video Market sales

May 30 • July 8-10 • August 12-13

Just a Note.....

Subscribe today for Just $16 per year!

(775) 623-5011

The Nevada Rancher (ISSN 0047-9489) (USPS #003-257) Published monthly at Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445 Call us toll free at (866) 644-5011 Periodical Postage Paid at Winnemucca, 89445

Publisher, Peter Bernhard Editor, Ashley Buckingham Staff Writer, Jennifer Whiteley Contributors, Heather Smith Thomas, Michelle Cook, David Glaser, Sarah Hummel, Norma Elliot and Jolyn Young, Sales Representative Ashley Buckingham

Our calves are branded and the cattle are utilizing our grazing permits. Life is good! The snow pack here in Northern Nevada is quickly melting and farming is in full swing. This issue is themed: Inspiring Youth. Growing up I was always thankful for the many individuals who gave their time to teach me new lessons. That dedication and commitment is what our Tis’ the branding season! Pictured at the Bar X Ranch Branding in Paradise Valley, NV (L-R): Taylor Hurley, Ashley Williams, youth so desperately need. By sharing Ashley Buckingham, Desi Dotson, Claire Buchanan, Hannah that passion for agriculture and ranching Ballantyne, Nicole Poyo, and Katie & Tyann Kern. with the next generation, we are investing in the future of our industry. I hope that passion is never lost. I pray your mama cows breed back, your horses carry you safely, and you don’t forget to wish those special ladies in your life a Happy Mother’s Day. Watch for NV Rancher Magazine at the Jordan Valley Big Loop this month. I hope you enjoy this issue. -Ashley

Inside This Issue: Jake Eary Memorial Rodeo pg 10 Youth Photo Contest pg 12 Meet Rosealee Rieman- A Cattlewomen Series pg 16 Bovine Pregnancy Stages pg 20 An Interview with Danyelle Draper pg 26

Office Manager, Tracy Wadley Production Manager, Joe Plummer

........and more!

Graphic Designer, Emily Swindle The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for statements by advertisers nor products advertised within, and The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for opinions expressed in articles submitted for publication. The publisher reserves the right to accept or reject advertising or editorial material submitted for publication. Contents in The Nevada Rancher may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including, but not limited to original contents and original composition of all ads (layout and artwork) without prior written permission. Subscription rate: $16.00 per year.

POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: The Nevada Rancher, Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445



Cover Photo By: Jackie Gorton Rosealee Rieman placing her family’s iron on one of their calves. Jackie received the People’s Choice award during the 2019 Shooting the West Symposium’s “Give it your Best Shot” contest. Check out Jackie’s photos at



Ideal for today’s buckaroos and horse enthusiasts, J.M. Capriolas, Capriola Great Basin Chinks are made the Capriola style with a longer fringe and fuller cut to the pattern. Customize your chinks with brands or initials, and dress them up with silver conchos, buckles, silver spots, and more. • 888-738-5816 500 Commercial St., Elko, NV 89801 Find us on Facebook and Instagram

Interested in having your item featured as part of our Ranch Journal?   THE NEVADA RANCHER MAY 2019 5 Contact Ashley Buckingham at (775)–304-8814

Hello from Cow Country By Sam Mori President, NV Cattlemen’s Assoc.

Hi Everyone, I hope this writing finds you well and enjoying the above average moisture we received this spring. I know there were times when our will to proceed was tested, and that is not always a bad thing. Many times when things are hectic it can be an opportunity to realize how dependant we are on each other and what Mother Nature can deal us. Our challenges in agriculture are everyone’s concern. The devastation and destruction that has occurred in many parts of our country will affect markets world-wide, so all of our partners up and down the food chain will be challenged in some way. A person really finds out who your neighbors are in times of emergency. I am proud of the ranchers and farmers of our country as they realize the true values and principles that this great nation was built on, and will continue to lead the world by. As we travel around our state and nation it is becoming more and more evident that our industry has much respect. People truly listen and want to engage in the process to make the right decisions for our country. As I have said in the past, we have come to the crossroads where all of the talk has taken us, and it is now time for implementation of the rhetoric! The Nevada Cattlemen’s Association has invested countless time and resources in true change in how we do business. We will continue to work and press for improvement in management that will benefit all users of our abundant natural resources. The picture has been clearly scientifically painted and we truly expect change that has been identified and agreed on!


Our congratulations to recently confirmed Interior Secretary David Bernhardt. His confirmation will allow the things that are sitting on his desk such as a major grazing regulation rewrite to move forward. The wild horse issue may also take some direction and action with his confirmation. Our thanks to Deputy Secretary Brian Steed and the job he has done to allow our thoughts and needs to be presented. We also look forward to working with newly appointed State BLM Director John Raby. Our relationship with USDA Secretary Sonny Purdue and State Supervisor Bill Dunkelberger is strong and gives us the venue to hammer out some of the difficult issues that need to be addressed. We are not going to agree on everything, but we can agree to make positive change in many areas. The Public Lands Council under the leadership of Ethan Lane has done an excellent job of getting the right message to the right people at the right time. J. J. Goicoechea and Ron Cerri have been instrumental in this process and our thanks to them. I want to take this opportunity to thank President-Elect Tom Barnes for representing us last month at the Legislative Conference in Washington D.C. Your dedication and hard work are greatly appreciated. As you can see folks, your Association is and will continue to be in high gear representing membership and our industry. If we can be of help in any way, give us a call. Till next time, Sam

Cowboys Rope For Cancer Photos and Words By Ashley Buckingham McDermitt, Nev.— Many say you’re not supposed to mention the word cancer, but on Saturday, April 20, 2019, the word was beautifully repeated over the arena speakers at an informal roping event in McDermitt! Cowboys traveled to McDermitt to try their hand at a horse roping hosted by the McDermitt Rodeo Board. Horse roping is an art and tradition to many Cowboys. Horse roping started as a ranching necessity. Similar to the process of branding calves, colt horses need to be gelded (castrated) and branded. The event has turned into competitive gatherings all across the west. The goal is for two ropers to safely and quickly place their ropes on the young horse while maintaining an easy handle. One roper attempts the head shot while the other throws a loop for the two front feet. The rules may vary from roping to roping, but usually there is a 1 foot penalty or no-time and a maximun time limit to complete the task. A portion of the proceeds from this recent event will be donated to the La Rena’s Race Organization. The La Rena’s Race Organization was started by Amorita Maher and oldest daughter Mary Bengoa with family and close friends. Amorita and La Rena went through cancer treatments together. On May 1, 2000 La Rena lost her battle. As a promise to her friend, Amorita continues to organize events in honor of her memory. “La Rena’s Race started with cowboys,” Amorita said. Sitting in the bleachers Saturday was La Rena’s husband Chris, who is now remarried to Pepe Bengoa. Amorita shared that “Chris is a cowboy who recently retired as manager for Harry Ranches, Below L-R: Tim Maher and Ed Dunlap. Ed was the and has always high money winner. Flagging is Dirk Jim he provided the roped for work roping horses. and fun; La Rena and Chris’s boys Rusty and Kelsey were raised on Lucky 7 Ranch. Although Rusty is a school Superintendent/Principal, and Kelsey is an Investment Advisor/Banker, the boys continue to rope for competition and fun.” Above: Steve Maher flagging at the roping.

Below: Matt and 16 yr old son, Isaac Mori. Matt and Isaac were one of the five father-son roping teams. The others included: Woody and Junior Harney, Chris and Tom Baird, Steve and Tim Maher, Sam and Ryan Mackenzie.

Amorita’s husband, Steve, along with their two daughtersMary and Reme and son, Tim continue to show their support towards Amorita and the memory of La Rena. “Tim was a fifth-grader when I was diagnosed, Reme a Freshman at Boise State, and Mary finishing at Boise State and ready to start Physical Therapy graduate study,” Amorita said. “Steve and Tim went through everything with me, and my girls were there when they could be. When La Rena’s event was first organized, it actually took place around the ACTRA finals roping in Winnemucca, NV. By that time Steve, Tim and I were back on the ranch in McDermitt, my cowboys, as well as Mary, and later Reme, were instrumental to every event going forward, until Tim’s jobs prevented him from being there.” Since the move back to McDermitt, the Maher family has been heavily involved in producing the McDermitt 4th of July Ranch Rodeo along with the La Rena’s Race. “La Rena’s Race organization uses up the majority of our funding resources year-to-year, assisting people taking cancer treatment, we are constantly looking for ways to generate more money and more help. To fill that need, Judy Wilkinson, who has also been involved in both events, suggested that we re-visit the connection to our roots – roping.” Watching this family and their close friends work together to organize and produce such great events is so inspiring. The passion and dedication shown from them and kindness to their volunteers doesn’t go unnoticed. “Cowboys and ranchers are raised with a deep concern for animals, the land, and above all neighbors. That almost always leads them to support anything that can assist people who are struggling. Of course, if it can be a considerable amount of fun too, that is even better,” said Amorita. Although the McDermitt Ranch Rodeo in July is not a La Rena’s Race event, many of the contestants support both! This year during McDermitt Ranch Rodeo, at least one raffle item will be up for grabs to raise money for the cancer-fighting friends. MARK YOUR CALENDARS — The annual Run, Walk or Ride race is held in Winnemucca, NV. The race will take place on May 11, 2019. Registration will be at the French Ford Elementary School in Winnemucca, NV from 8 a.m. - 11 a.m. or online at Can’t attend the event? Register as a “Phanton” member under the “Been-There-Done-That” group. Follow both the McDermitt Ranch Rodeo and La Rena’s Race events on Facebook to stay up-to-date! Below: Dustin Hicks and Rex Berg,.


Jean “john” Louis Paris Jean “John” Louis Paris, 80, passed away on March 6, 2019, at the Pershing General Hospital Nursing Home. He was born June 17, 1938 in Elko, Nevada to Arnaud Paris and Marie Jeanne Goyhenetche Paris. John’s family moved from Ely, Nevada in 1944 when his father purchased the Miller Ranch in Pleasant Valley. He grew up on the ranch and attended his first 3 years of school with his siblings at the school located on the ranch. Then after the private teacher passed away he attended public school in Winnemucca. John and his brothers owned and operated the ranch in Pleasant Valley for many years until it was sold. John then moved to Lovelock and began his second career with the Pershing County Road Department until he retired in 2005. He was adept at mechanical things and was most often found in the blacksmith shop working on things. He broke many things himself, in efforts to see how things worked. He was an excellent cook and he loved to make chorizo sausage which he shared with family and friends. He was preceded in death by his parents, brothers Arnaud and Mike Paris, sister Joan Errea and Margie Collins. He is survived by his brother Pete (Yvonne), sister Josephine Irigoyen (Meliton), and numerous nieces and nephews. John is also survived by his beloved surrogate family Ryan Collins (Alyson), Karen Stephens (Pat), Debbie Tate (John), grandchildren and great grandchildren, Kelsey and Kinley Collins, Thomas Stephens (Amber and Jake), Tyler Boyes, Shandee Bales (Blake, Ryan, Wyatt, Joee and Isabella), Ben (Riley and Timothy) and Wyatt Bales (Brisa).

Fernando Irigoyen Fernando Irigoyen passed away peacefully on April 4, 2019 in Reno Nevada, at the age of 91. Fernando was born in Luzaide/ Varcarlos, “Navarra,” Spain on November 25th, 1927. Fernando was one of nine children born to Miguel Irigoyen and Maria Louisa Iroz. In 1951, Fernando made his journey to the United States to work as a sheepherder at the Pinto Creek Ranch in Eureka. He moved on to jobs in Ely and Elko before retiring from Battle Mountain Gold in 1970, where he worked for 19 years. In June 2004, Fernando was the Grand Marshall of the 26th Winnemucca Annual Basque Festival. After retiring, Fernando made his home in Winnemucca, NV. where he enjoyed gardening, fishing, hunting, and playing competitive Mus (a Basque poker game). Fernando loved taking trips to the Dufurrena Ranch with friends to assist Dan, Hank, Tim, Linda and Buster Dufurrena in sheering sheep and docking lamb tails. Fernando touched the lives of many members of this community. He was an active member of Saint Paul’s Catholic Church, lived his life by his faith, and will forever be present in our hearts. Fernando is preceded in death by his parents Miguel and Maria Luisa Irigoyen; sister Denise Gortari; brothers Guillermo, Jose, and Martin; and his Osaba Pedro. Fernando is survived by living family members including brother Pedro Irigoyen; three sisters, Tomasa Irigoyen, Felipa Gortari, and Manuela Hiriart; two nephews Denny and Mike Gortari; and numerous other nephews, nieces, grand nephews, grand nieces, and extended family. Osaba Fernando, we will all miss you greatly.

Heavenly Father, I pause, mindful of the many blessings You have bestowed upon me. I ask that You will guide me in my life. Help me, Lord, to live my life in such manner that when I make that last ride to the country up there, where the grass grows lush and the water runs cool, that You’ll take me by the hand and say, “Welcome home, your new trail begins here.”

Twilla Manwaring John Albert Legarza Hedges John Albert Legarza, age 86, passed away peacefully at his home in Reno, on Sunday, April 7, 2019. He was born on February 6, 1933 in Winnemucca, Nevada to Mateo and Virginia (Echave) Legarza. John attended a one-room schoolhouse in McDermitt during his elementary years and later graduated from Albert Lowry High School where he formed lasting friendships and discovered his lifetime love of basketball. John spent several summers in his youth working as a cowboy for his Uncles John and Martin Echave on the Oregon Canyon Ranch. His time on the ranch helped forge many of his defining qualities – strength, tenacity, a strong

work ethic, and grit. John attended the University of Utah for a year on an athletic scholarship and then joined the army where he earned a spot in the Special Forces. After two years of service, he moved to Reno to play basketball at the University of Nevada. There he excelled under the leadership of the late great Jake Lawlor, winning four Far Western Conference Championships and earning team captain and conference player of the year honors. John earned a bachelor’s degree in History and a Master’s degree in Education. He remained loyal to the Wolf Pack throughout his lifetime. In 1958, John began a thirty-six year teaching and coaching career. At both Elko High School and Wooster High School he instructed students in History and PE. At UNR he taught in the Athletic Department. John coached many memorable teams and athletes in basketball, football, track and golf. Whether coaching at the high school or college level, his philosophy was the same – a coach’s job is to find the spark in an athlete and to develop upon that potential. In addition to a successful career coaching basketball at the high school and college levels he also coordinated the women’s athletic programs at Nevada as an Assistant Athletic Director. John then became UNR’s head golf coach with his golf teams winning five conference championships and qualifying twice for the NCAA championship tournament reaching a national ranking of 11. His player and coaching career earned him many accolades including NCAA Regional Coach of the Year, the Jake Lawlor Award, and induction into the UNR Hall of Fame both as an athlete and as a coach. In his retirement years, the proud Basque could be found fishing at the Oregon Canyon Ranch in McDermitt, golfing, reading a favorite novel, proudly watching his grandchildren’s sporting events, cheering on his beloved Wolf Pack, or beating any unsuspecting soul at a game of hearts. He is survived by his wife of 33 years, Gretchen; children, Kim (Scott) Nader, Mike (Kim) Legarza, Sherry (Lowell) Black, and Matt (Georgina) Legarza. Step-children, Mills (Christina) Landon, and Megan (Mike) Pagni; grandchildren, Vincent, Alex, and Isabella Legarza, Callie and Molly Black, Jacquelyn Nader, Lucas and Sophia Landon, and Kate Pagni. Funeral services will be held on Friday, May 3, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. at Our Lady of the Snows, 1125 Lander Street, Reno. Reception to Follow.

Twilla Dawn Manwaring Hedges 47 (commonly known to family as Twilla Dawn McGreggor) passed away April 12, 2019, in Reno, Nevada. She was born on February 21, 1972, to Marilyn and Glen Mihlfeith in Salt Lake City, Utah. Twilla graduated from Uintah High School in Vernal, Utah in 1990 and attended college completing her Bachelor Degree in Liberal Arts and Sciences at Utah State University graduating in 2003. Twilla served and completed an honorable mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to the people of the Dominican Republic. She loved serving and spoke often of the love she had for

the people. She married Jedediah William Dean Hedges in the Vernal, Utah Temple on July 29, 2000. To this union Matthew Wyatt Hedges was born in 2004. Twilla had waited a very long time for her Matthew and was so happy when he arrived. Her life revolved around him. They are quite the pair. She will be an angel on his shoulders never far from his heart. Twilla had a great love for the outdoors, she loved to kayak, go for hikes in the mountains, horseback riding, and helping friends work their cattle. But her true passion and talent was photography, focusing on wild life and the western life of ranches and rodeos. She loved to listen to music, her favorite artists were George Strait and John Denver and she loved to sing along. Twilla had a beautiful strong singing voice, which brought pleasure to all of us. Her favorite pass time was making quilts for family and friends. She also enjoyed knitting hats she would donate to children’s hospitals and burn centers. She never thought of herself first but was always more concerned with helping anyone that needed it. Whether it was offering a shoulder to cry on or giving advice to brighten some ones day. Twilla loved people. She loved serving and she loved children. She was a giver. From a very early age she cared for and served those around her. Now that she has found peace, her service will continue as she watches over her family and participates in organ donation. She continues to give. She is survived by her husband Jed and son Matthew of Winnemucca, NV.. Parents Verdon and Marilyn Manwaring of Vernal, Utah. Brothers and Sisters Christopher (Pauline) Manwaring, Steven (Tiffany) Manwaring, Kevin (Cleo) Manwaring, Eric (Joanne) Manwaring; Brent (Meredith) Manwaring Vernal, UT; Spencer (Annalynn) Manwaring, Mountain Green, UT; Janice (Richard) Brady, Orem, UT; Arlene (Darwin) Evans, Stockton, MO; David (Kristy) Manwaring, South Jordan, UT; Sherry (Ty) Corbridge, Sandpoint, ID; Katie Manwaring Hill, Everett, WA Jed’s parents, Mac and Candi Hedges of Winnemucca, NV.. Jed’s brothers, Buck (Sarah) Hedges of McCammon, ID., Sam (Jessica) Hedges of Princeton, OR. Along with many nieces and nephews, aunts and uncles, cousins and friends whom she loved dearly and who loved her.


9th Annual Jake Eary Memorial Rodeo Inspiring youth and encouraging family fun. Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Elko, Nev.—The 9th annual Lil Jake Eary Memorial Rodeo is fast approaching. The rodeo will be held June 21st through the 23rd at the Elko County Fair Grounds in Elko, Nevada. The rodeo will kick off with ACTRA Roping, Breakaway Roping, and Barrel Racing Friday the 21st. The rest of the events are split between Saturday and Sunday. 6 high point saddles will be awarded in 3 divisions, and over $3,000 in added money! Entries open May 15th. Lil Jake Eary was a little cowboy with big dreams. A normal day for Jakey was up early with his Dad, a little bit of ranch work (whether horseback or at the corrals), collect a few rocks, and maybe play in the dirt a bit. He always wanted to help the ranch crew or the neighbors with anything and everything. Jake was very active in Junior Rodeos, and those that knew him will attest that Jakey dreamed of being a bull rider and talked of riding Saddle Bronc when he got older. Unfortunately, those dreams were not be filled. Tragedy struck the Eary family November 2010 and Lil Jake was killed in a sledding accident. Jake has inspired an event that has grown from a small local gathering to a very significant rodeo in the hearts of family and friends as well as far-reaching contestants. Jake’s parents, Jess and Carrie, are keeping his memory thriving through this rodeo in Jake’s honor. The outpour of support and the growth in contestant numbers have exceeded the Eary’s wildest expectations. “The first year we had about 250 contestants and payouts were about $20,000 in money and prizes. Every year we saw more contestants, and payouts increased. In 2015, we had over 500 contestants and paid out over $50,000 in money and prizes. Since 2016, we changed venue to Elko as we outgrew the Horse Palace, each year we have averaged about 400 contestants and $45,000 in money and prizes.” Explains mom Carrie. As the entries of the rodeo grow, so does the payout. The 2011 rodeo paid out $25,000. Last year, more than $50,000 was dished out. High-point saddles are also awarded at the rodeo - 6 to be exact. Rodeo has traditionally been a family-oriented sport. The Earys with Jake in mind feel the same way. This rodeo’s events were chosen to include the entire family, as that’s what rodeo is This Memorial Rodeo is for everyone, and has remained family-oriented throughout the years, having events for the whole family to participate. Pee Wee events include sheep riding, stick horse barrel racing, and dummy roping. Junior events include team roping, barrel racing, team branding, steer riding, and some juniors compete in the adult events as well. Adult events include open and coed branding, muley roping, barrel racing, steer stopping, bareback riding, saddle bronc riding, ranch broncs, and bull riding. Eary includes, “We added Rescue Race for fun this year.” With all these events, there is surely something for everyone in the family to be enjoy. The Eary family have also made it a point to give back to the community. They truly appreciate support given to the rodeo but also the backing of many communities following Jake’s untimely death. In the past, $1,000 in scholarship money was generated, and that has greatly increased. The scholarships aren’t just awarded to rodeo contestants. Eary states “As for the scholarships and donations, we more or less look for need. 4-H groups, basketball programs, Jr rodeos, individuals, etc. have benefitted from Jakey’s Rodeo proceeds in the past. All proceeds go back youth in some form or fashion. Eary said after the 2018 rodeo, “Families and friends coming together from near and far to help us with our tribute to Our Little Jakey is such a heartwarming experience. This Rodeo is put together with a lot of love, sweat, and tears. It would not be possible without the many, many people that help us. Thank you to our Sponsors, Stock Donors, Stock Contractors, Bullfighters, Contestants, and Spectators. A good rodeo doesn’t happen without all of you. Family is everything, and we have one of the best!” For more information or to enter, contact Carrie Eary at (775)304-2223, email at or


Eary Family Photo Collection

Lil Jake Eary was all boy. He enjoyed helping his dad cowboy, playing in the dirt, and playing basketball, but his true passion was rodeo. Eary Family Photo Collection

Jess and Carrie with young Cray Tervort, winner of the 2018 High Point Youth Cowboy saddle winner.

Eary Family Photo Collection

2018 Jake Eary Memorial Rodeo saddle winners. Left to Right, Junior Boy High Point Saddle winner Cray Tervort, Men’s Reserve High Point winner Trevor Carrasco, Men’s High Point Saddle winner Daxton Jim, Women’s High Point Reserve winner Payton Fedyer, Ladies High Point Saddle winner Jessica Lancaster, Youth Girls High Point Saddle winner Charlotte Silva, Junior Boys High Point Saddle winner Cody Rowley, Reserve Junior Girl winner Madi Borkman, and Junior Girl High Point Saddle winner Syerra Silva. Eary Family Photo Collection

At Left: Jakey dreamed of being a professional bull rider when he grew up.

Eary Family Photo Collection

In addition to money and saddles, the winner of each event walks away with a trophy buckle. Even the pee wee events.

Eary Family Photo Collection

The Eary family, Daniel, Carrie, Jess, and Josh during the grand entry at the 2018 Jake Eary Memorial Rodeo.


Nevada Rancher Youth Photo Contest 2019 A kid’s look at ranch life. Jennifer Whiteley

Nevada Rancher Magazine

Winnemucca, Nev.-- The 2019 Nevada Rancher Youth Photo Contest was an enormous success! 14 youths from Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah submitted 4 photographs a piece to be considered by our judges. The quality of the pictures submitted was beyond compare, it was hard to pick just one favorite from each division, so we included second places in addition to a few judge’s pics! Excellent

job to everyone who submitted photos and keep taking pictures! Stay tuned for our next Youth Photo Contest coming in 2020! We had 3 age divisions. Elementary, kindergarten through the 5th grade, Middle school, 6th through 8th grades, and High School, 9th through 12th grades. The submissions were excellent. We can’t wait to see what next year’s entries look like!

PHOTO BY: SOPHIE KNIGHT “Ranch gelding with a silver concho headstall.” Sophie Knight is the 14-year-old daughter of Jeff and Sariah Knight of Devils Gate Ranch. We love the detail of the concho and the coat color of the horse. This photo is taken with an iPhone camera.

PHOTO BY: COLTON ELAM “Windmill” taken in Orovada. Colton Elam is the 11-year-old son of Ronald Elam of Orovada. We love the black and white. This photo is taken with an iPhone camera.


Elementary Sc hool Category

PHOTO BY: CHLOE JO REEVE ABOVE: First place winner. “Rough Morning on the Arizona Strip.” Chloe is the 5-year-old daughter of Rokelle Reeve of Hurricane, Utah. This photo was taken with a Sony Cybershot.

PHOTO BY: COLTON ELAM “Brand Pic” taken in Orovada. We love the detail of the frost and the angle of the iron.

PHOTO BY: GEMMA NUFFER RIGHT: Second place winner. “Olaf.” Gemma is the 8-year-old daughter of Katie and Brandon Nuffer of Winnemucca. This photo was taken with an iPhone X.

PHOTO BY: HANNAH THOMPSON ABOVE: First place photo. “Sittin’ in the loading chute.” Hannah is the 13 year old daughter of TJ and Lacey Thompson of Orovada, Nevada. Hannah took this picture of her sister Laura using a Nikon D50 camera.

gory e t a C l o o h c S e l Midd

PHOTO BY: MATTIEROSE JOHNSON Second place photo “A long day of pushing cows.” Mattie is the 13 year old daughter of Buck and Janet Johnson. She took this photo using an iPhone camera in Denio on the Alder Creek Ranch. MattieRose explains “A long day of pushing cows and the sun was going down. I love the colors of the cows and the high desert.”

ory g e t a C l o o h High Sc

PHOTO BY: MACKIE GRIGGS ABOVE: First place photo. “He’s got some age on him, but the older the violin the sweeter the music.” Mackie is the 17-year-old daughter of Jon and Shelly Griggs of Elko, Nevada. Mackie will graduate from Elko High School in June. Mackie used a Lumix camera to take this picture.

PHOTO BY: SAGE KNIGHT LEFT: Second place photo. “Gathering cows up on the mountain in the fall.” Sage is the 17-year-old daughter of Jeff and Sariah Knight of Elko, Nevada. This photo was taken with an iPhone camera.

“To me, photography is an art of observation. It’s about finding something interesting in an ordinary place… I’ve found it has little to do with the things you see and everything to do with the way you see them.”

– Elliott Erwitt

Meet Rosealee Rieman A CattleWomen Series Produced by Ruby Uhart My name is Rosealee Rieman, I’m 20 years old and currently a student at all this with my dad makes it even better. The hardest part of ranch life for me is the University of Nevada, Reno as a Agricultural Education major. I’m also a losing calves. I know sometimes it’s out of our control but I hate losing calves. I competitor for the Nevada Rifle team. My family ranches in the Carson Valley. think this is something I struggle with because those calves are our livelihood. At the end of the day no matter how much The home ranch is about 3 or 4 miles you check the herd and try to keep them from Gardnerville and the lower ranch is warm and healthy there’s some that about 3 miles from Minden. We have a can’t be saved and that’s hard. cow/calf operation and put up our own It’s always hard to prepare for comhay to feed and sell. The ranches are plications but we do the best we can. operated by my mom, dad, uncle, cousWe watch the weather as much as we ins and me. From working cows with can and make adjustments as needed, family, I have learned no matter how and stock up on parts that commonly mad you get at each other don’t hold break throughout the haying season. a grudge. Usually after you get done But with cows? Ahhh…sometimes you working they will act like nothing ever just gotta shake your head and tend to happened. If your cousin gets you with them. How does a 400lb calf wind up the hot shot don’t hot shot him back… stuck in a culvert? How does a rogue it doesn’t end well… this also applies to heifer get across a river so fast and then getting hit with sorting flags. disappear up the hill in the dark? Cows I have been a member of the Westjust like to do their own thing so you ern Nevada CattleWomen’s for about 6 just gotta go with the flow. years. I am the fifth generation here on A typical day depends on what seathe ranch. Ever since I can remember, son we are in. Right now we are starting I have been out working with my dad haying season. This means equipment is and grandpa. When I was 3 years old getting pulled out of the barns and they used to put the truck in first gear getting greased. We are burning ditchand I would stand on the seat and drive es and irrigating, and starting to get a while they fed. Then when we needed handle on our invasive weeds. Right to stop I would jump down off the seat now we are wrapping up our branding and push the brake pedal. I also used to season. Our first branding was in March. take the feed truck when they weren’t When all the calves are done we put our looking and leave them! My grandpa herd on pasture. When we brand, we used to put me on the horses while use a calf table. I usually push calves or he fed in the corrals so I wouldn’t go help with the branding iron and holding anywhere. When we would go up to legs. I can vaccinate but I’m not the bigwork on The Pickle Meadows Ranch, gest fan of needles so that one isn’t my my grandpa would sneak me off to go-to job. When the herd is on pasture go fishing. He could catch fish with a we go through and check salt boxes. shovel but I never quite mastered that We also have day riders come in 3 times trick. I did, however, get super good a month to doctor and ride through at learning how to soak people! When cows. My favorite seasons are Feeding I was about 5 or 6 I did Pee-wee Junior Season and Calving Season which are rodeo. I used to make my dad run the around the same time for us. We calve barrel and pole bending patterns every out in January and February and feed time “because I forgot”. I really just until about the middle of April. These are thought it was fun to watch my dad do the “God has a plan and we need to trust his my favorite seasons because I get to work pattern with my stick horse. I think he knew plan. He will never give us a situation we with the cows a majority of my day. We I was messing with him but he still did the can’t handle.”- RR get to feed cows and horses, and we get to patterns every time. see all the new calves running around. As I got older, my chores and jobs got The craziest thing I have heard of happening on the ranch was my dad getbigger and more involved. Now I help with irrigating meadows leading up to haying season. I also rake hay, drive the harrow bed, backhoe, and hay squeeze ting chased by a beaver. To give a little back story, a few weeks prior to being (I’m really slow but I can do it). When there is cow work to do I help with vacci- chased, my mom had sent my dad an article about a man killed in Canada by nating and branding calves and doctoring and moving cows. My dad has taught a beaver that bit his femoral artery. One night, Dad went out around 1am to me how to do some mechanic work. I’ve worked on the swather, big and small change water down by the river when he noticed these weird patterns in the field. He followed the pattern up the field when he noticed something weird balers, harrowbeds, rakes, hay squeeze, tractors, and pick-up trucks. My favorite thing about ranch life would probably be getting to witness God’s sitting in the shadows. He started walking up to it thinking it was just an otter. creations and working with my dad; from watching a newborn calf take its first He said before he knew it, the beaver whipped around and started chasing him breath of air to watching the sunrise paint the mountains, being able to witness through the field! All he could think was “This thing’s gonna kill me!” After the


COURTESY PHOTO Rosealee preg checking with veterinarian, Randy Wallstrum.

beaver dove into the ditch he realized he still had to pull boards…right where that beaver had gone! He was able to get the boards out but pulled each one with cation. When he finally got back around 3am he woke up my mom to tell her all about it. That’s probably the craziest thing that’s happened on the ranch. I would say ranch life can be more stressful in certain aspects, compared to city life. We live off of only 2 major paychecks a year and we have to be able to stretch that money out. In Carson Valley, I personally get stressed out by all the people that have moved here. We have a lot of issues with trespassing and have had problems with people messing with calves or blocking gates because they are trying to look at birds or take pictures. Sometimes it feels like we are ranching in L.A. They enjoy being out of the city but complain about the smell, the noise, etc. No matter how stressful it gets or what problems come up I wouldn’t trade this lifestyle for anything. I can’t imagine growing up in a subdivision. I actually have a really hard time living in Reno for school because of this. There are way too many people so whenever I get the chance to go home, I do. I think it’s important for ranchers to share their story to help others learn about our profession and why we do what we do. We live in a world that is uneducated about where their food comes or how it’s prepared. This is a major reason on why I decided to become an Ag teacher. I can help share my passion and educate others. My advice to anyone wanting to pursue the ranching lifestyle, would be to learn as much as you can. There are skills I still don’t know and want to learn. In this industry you will never stop learning. Have a good work ethic and don’t be afraid to get dirty! They invented soap for a reason! Don’t be so serious! Wear that wild outfit, dance at random times, jam out to that song. If the radio doesn’t work in the tractor a headband makes a great phone holder. Always have a

bright colored water bottle so when it falls off the back of the rakes you can find it before it gets baled up. Don’t be afraid to ask for help. Words I live by: God has a plan and we need to trust his plan. He will never give us a situation we can’t handle.

J- J Feed& Supply

4320 W. Winnemucca Blvd. Winnemucca,NV 89445

Your place for all show feed, vaccines, and salt block needs. We stock livestock vaccines, Dog and Cat foods, grains and hay, cattle supplements, tarter feed/water troughs, fencing material and MORE!

Product Availability and Customer Service are Our Main Goals!

Ranchers let us help you gear up for Calving Season! Store: 775.625.1200 • Cell: 775.335.5229 Fax: 775.625.1531 • E-mail:   THE NEVADA RANCHER – MAY 2019 17

Probiotics in Cattle and Their Place in your Veterinary Tool Box By Sarah Hummel, DVM Special to the Rancher

“Probiotics” is a more than a buzz word thrown around the health circle today. With more and more pressure to decrease antibiotic use in the food market, an abundance of new research has recently been spurred regarding these good bugs. Probiotics are simply microorganisms that benefit a host. In cattle, these can include bacteria, yeast and protozoa and may play a more significant role in overall health of ruminants then they do in their monogastric counterparts (such as dogs, cats and humans). Ruminant health is pivotal in ensuring the animals is getting enough calories and metabolizing those calories efficiently as to ensure overall health and weight gain or maintenance. But when are probiotics worth the time, effort and cost to administer to your animals? Well, in a healthy gut, probiotics are less likely to have a noticeable effect and it remains controversial that they have a place in disease prevention. In an unhealthy gut though, they can have a substantial positive effect. Probiotics can benefit an animal by: preventing pathogens (bad bugs such as Salmonella) from colonizing the intestines, increase the amount of food an animal is able to digest, lowering the pH and improving the immune system of the GI tract. A common question I get is whether you can use a probiotic developed for one species (say a horse) for another (such as a cow). Though mammals do share some common beneficial microbes, the GI tract is generally unique between species. Furthermore, the GI tract of calves differs from that of adult, ruminating animals.

In calves probiotics are targeting the lower intestines, as opposed to the rumen in adults. Some veterinary practitioners even notice bloating in calves if fed an adult probiotic. The main goal in calves is to prevent pathogens from moving in. The effectiveness of probiotics in preventing scours in otherwise healthy calves has been equivocal. Under stressed conditions however, probiotics have been shown to reduce the risk or severity of scours. When selecting probiotics for calves you can look for ones that advertise as a milk replacer additive (MRA) or for pre-weaned calves. It is important not to give probiotics to calves within the first 24 hours of life as it causes the gut of the calf to close quickly, reducing the amount of antibodies that they will receive from colostrum. Probiotics in adult cattle are selected to improve digestion and digestive processes in the rumen and prevent colonization of bacteria that lead to acidosis in feedlot cattle. Certain yeast can even alter the fermentation in the rumen resulting in decreased methane. In adult cattle there are several applications to probiotics that are being explored such as decreasing rates of pneumonia and mastitis when fed on a daily basis to at-risk cattle. If you are interested in adding probiotics to your operation, it is best to have targeted approach and research the strain and species that can meet your needs. There is an abundance of products on the market today and if you have any specific questions, you can talk to your herd vet to sort out which ones can work on your operation with your goals.

Friday & Saturday, June 7 & 8, 2019 Shelman Ranch • Burns, OR

Horse Sale at 2:00pm on Saturday


FORT RANCH 42nd Annual Production Sale

Saturday • June 22, 2019 • 35 Miles West of Brigham City Prospects raised on 21,000 acres in the beautiful, rugged Promontory Mountains of Utah. Our foals are born and raised in the elements and on the mountainside. They have a rich history of being cow horses that excel on the ranch, in the arena, and in the show pen. We hope to see you at our annual production sale!

Saturday Jun

ATION & FOR INFORM TS CALL: ES QU RE G CATALO ll Landon Ha 41 208-680-90 or www.fort

e 22, 201 10:00 9 Sale Pre view 11:30 Fort Ran ch Sale B Complim egin en througho tary lunch served s ut the sa le.

Reference Sires: Quite A Boon

Peptoboonsmal x Meradas Little Sue

Silver Savanah Moon

Once In A Blu Boon x Savanah Holli

Cat Suep

High Brow Cat x Meradas Little Sue

Cow Kwacker

High Brow Cat x Kwackin

Dams include own daughters of:


Kid Dunit

Dun It With A Twist x Melimelo Kid

Smart Zee Lena

Smart Little Lena x Zee Dualy

Eric Duarte - Auctioneer 541-533-2105

Mitch Jacobs 2496 North 2375 East Hamer, ID 83425 208-662-5530 208-589-1951

Frank VanderSloot 2880 North 55 West Idaho Falls, ID 83402 208-528-6635

Bobalena Bob Bodee Boonsmal Cat Ichi CD Lights Doc Oak Doc Ray Olena Doc's Hickory Doc's Rondo Dual Rey Gun Goes Boon Gun Smart Hickorydickory Doc High Brow Cat

Little Pistol Badge Mr Peppy Olena Mr Skyline Peppy One Time Pepto Playdox Playin Stylish Quite a Boon Ricochets Sue Roman Eddie Hancock Smart Little Jaebar Smart Little Lena Smart Little Rondee TR Dual Rey Zoom Zoom Shorty

Sale Terms: 1/3 down payment with balance to be paid in August when foals are weaned and picked up by their new owners. Foal guaranteed to be alive and sound or your down payment will be refunded.


Bovine Gestation: The Stages of Pregnancy By Heather Smith Thomas Nevada Rancher

After the cow or heifer is bred and settled (either by a bull or with artificial insemination at the right time during her estrus cycle, when a follicle in her ovary has produced a mature egg), her pregnancy will last roughly 9 months and a week--give or take a few days. As a general rule, gestation takes about 283 days in cattle, but this is just an average. Gestation length will vary somewhat with different breeds and also with different individuals. Length of pregnancy, however, is a heritable factor, and you can select for cattle with longer or shorter gestation. Some breeds are known for having long gestation and larger calves at birth (which can lead to difficult deliveries) while others are known for ease of calving due to smaller calves at birth, but there are also individual differences within breeds Some bulls in every breed sire calves with shorter (or longer) gestation. Size of the calf is greatly determined by gestation length, since the fetus grows the fastest toward the end of gestation.

The larger external membrane, called the chorion, forms a long balloon of fluid. Inside it is the smaller, rounder amnion sac (filled with amniotic fluid) that encases the embryo itself. The growing chorion and its allantoic fluid enlarges swiftly and begins to distend and enlarge that horn of the uterus by the time the embryo is 35 days old, and this growing sac has also begun to fill the non-pregnant horn. The developing bovine conceptus is termed an embryo from about day 12 until about 45 days of gestation. During this period, all of the major tissues, organs and systems of the body are being formed. By the end of this time, the tiny embryo is readily recognized as a calf (as opposed to a foal, lamb, piglet, puppy, or some other animal.) It is about this stage of life that the eyelids develop. By 22 days of gestation, the tiny heart has formed and is beating and by 25 days the “buds” that will become front legs have appeared, and development of the eyes and brain are well advanced.

A pregnancy that lasts longer than average usu It is during this early embryonic period (12 to 45 ally results in a bigger calf. If days of gestation) that many you want easy-calving cows, of the more severe birth select cows and bulls that pro“Size of the calf is greatly determined by gestation length, since the fetus grows the fastest toward the end of defects or developmental duce low birth-weight calves, gestation.” abnormalities occur. Many facwhich generally means shorttors influence embryonic and fetal development; vulnerability of the developing er gestation lengths. Shorter gestation is also an advantage in getting cows conceptus to certain problems varies at different stages of pregnancy. rebred on time. The cow with a longer gestation length, giving birth to a larger calf, doesn’t have as many days to recover from pregnancy and start cycling During the pre-attachment stage, when the embryo is traveling down the falagain before the next breeding season. And the larger calf may also be a factor lopian tube into the uterus, it is very resistant to harmful influences. When it in her recovery time; if it was a difficult birth because of the extra-large calf, it reaches the uterus, however, it is more exposed to external influences and also may take her reproductive tract longer to recover from that delivery. very susceptible to problems because it is growing so rapidly with swift cell divi-

THE EMBRYO - After fertilization (one sperm penetrating the egg), the egg immediately begins to divide as it is moved down the oviduct, pushed along by contractions of that tiny tube. By the time it reaches the uterine horn 3 to 4 days later it has divided several times and contains 16 to 32 cells. For a while it floats in the uterus, nourished by what is called uterine milk—a special fluid secreted by certain glands in the uterine lining. At about 12 days of age it attaches to the uterine lining in that uterine horn. The uterus has two horns, and the conceptus usually attaches in the one below the ovary it came from. After it attaches, it continues to grow, but the membranes that develop around it enlarge much faster and become filled with the fluid that surrounds the embryo.


sion and differentiation of various tissues and body systems. Each developing organ also has a critical period of development during which it can be altered by harmful influences. Some organs can be affected early in gestation while others (the ones that do most of their development later) are more vulnerable in later fetal stages.

ABNORMAL DEVELOPMENTS - Some congenital defects in calves are due to accidents in development caused by teratogens. This term refers to any factor/ agent that may cause abnormality in a developing embryo/fetus. The teratonic agent might not kill the developing calf but may produce defects or abnormalities that make it impossible for it to survive after birth.

Teratogens may be drugs, hormones, chemicals, viruses, plant poisons (alkaloids in lupine, for instance), high temperature, etc. These factors generally have the most effect during the embryonic stages (first 45 days of gestation). Only the late-developing organs and body systems (such as the cerebellum of the brain, parts of the heart and circulatory system and the urinary/genital tract, and the palate in the roof of the mouth) are affected later in gestation.

fetus kicks and squirms. If you press your hand on the cow’s right flank you may feel the bulge and push of the calf’s foot shoving against you.

Some abnormalities may cause problems during birth if the fetus is grossly deformed. Joints may be fused, for instance, in a lupine deformity (“crooked calf”) and the legs can’t be straightened enough to come through the birth canal. In other instances, a fetus may have a bend in its backbone (with the tail close to the head), and the chest and abdomen are incompletely formed, exposing the internal organs. This defect is called schistosoma reflexus.

Sometime between 5 and 6 months, the body length of the fetus exceeds the width of the amnion sac and it is at this stage that the final position (frontward or backward) is determined. By the last month of gestation the fetus may be so large that its length exceeds the distance from the cow’s diaphragm to her pelvis, in which case the front legs and nose may push the uterine wall into the pelvis a little bit, extending backward over the cervix.

Sometimes a normal fetus may have an abnormal twin attached to the fetal membranes. Called a fetal mole or acardiac monster, this mass of connective tissue (surrounded by skin) was was supposed to be a twin.

During the first half of gestation the small fetus can be in any position in the uterus and it may move around a lot. In late gestation, however, it runs out of room to turn around. In early gestation about half of all calves are facing forward or backward, but by late gestation about 95% are facing the pelvis, in proper position for birth.


is 40 to 60 days along, the allontochorion sac is starting to attach to the uterine lining and form the placenta. Up until then the embryo was nourished by uterine “milk” seeping through the chorion and amnion. This yellow/ white thick fluid is secreted by Other instances uterine glands. By about 35 Aborted calf-nearing completion of full term pregnancy. where abnormalities may days of gestation, however, hinder the birth process are the allontochorion has developed cases of double monsters (two headed calf) or a hydrocephalic calf (large foremany finger-like protrusions on its outer surface. These contain capillary tufts head), or calf with extra legs. A few congenital defects are inherited, that extend and grow into corresponding tiny pits in the little bumps (carunIt is during the early embryonic period (first 45 days) that many pregnancies cles) on the uterine lining. are lost. The tiny embryo may die and be expelled unnoticed during the Thus are formed the cotyledons (the lumpy dark red “buttons”) that cow’s next heat period, or it may disintegrate and be absorbed by the cow’s attach the placenta to the uterine lining. These are the many little doorways body, with no external signs. through which nutrients and gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) in the bloodTHE FETUS - The embryo becomes a fetus at about 45 days. The various stream are exchanged between fetus and dam. organs, tissues and systems continue to differentiate and become more recogOn average, there are about 120 functioning cotyledons in the cow, arranged nizable. By 70 days the little calf has all its organs and body systems workin 4 rows along each of the uterine horns. Since the membranes surrounding ing; there are no radical changes from that point on--just continued growth the embryo/fetus extend into the non-pregnant horn, there will be some cotyand maturation of the fetus. Increase in size and weight is a geometric curve, ledons in that horn, too, giving more attachment for adequate exchange—and increasing very rapidly in the last 2 to 3 months of gestation. From 210 days more nourishment for the growing fetus. to 270 days the increase in weight is equal to 3 times the increase that took Most of the allontoic fluid (the water in the water bag when the cow calves) place from the time of fertilization up until that 210-day point. is on either side of the fetus, one end of the sac being in the non-pregnant The uterus distends and drops farther in the cow’s abdomen as the horn of the uterus. The fetus floats in the middle of this outer water bag, fetus grows. The increasing weight draws it forward and downward, and inside its inner bubble of amniotic fluid, attached only by the umbilical cord. after about the fourth or fifth month of gestation it rests on the floor of the The total quantity of fluid within these membranes surrounding abdomen, beneath the intestines. In cows the uterus is usually located on the the fetus increases throughout the pregnancy (about 5 quarts at 5 months, right side, because the left side contains the large rumen. By the fifth month and more than 5 gallons at term). The allontoic fluid (in the “water bag”) is you can often see movement and wiggling on the cow’s right side, as the


watery, whereas by the final third of gestation the amniotic fluid (in the sac directly enclosing the calf) becomes thicker and more mucus-like. This gives it more lubricating ability, which is helpful during the birth process. The outer water bag membrane is thin and transparent, while the inner amnion sac is thicker and tougher.

When Will She Calve? An experienced bovine veterinarian can check your cow for pregnancy with ultrasound or by rectal palpation, and tell you the stage of gestation, with fair accuracy, in most cases, which can give you a clue about when she will calve. The best determination of “due date”, however, is good breeding records. If you know when the cow was actually bred, you know how far along she is (if she did, indeed, become pregnant), and when to expect her to calve. This due date is just an average target date, however, since some pregnancies will be shorter and some longer. Also, the sex of the calf can make a difference; a heifer calf is often born a few days ahead of the “due date” whereas a bull calf may be born a few days later than the due date. The best way to be sure that your cow or heifer is pregnant is to have her checked for pregnancy by a veterinarian, or with a blood test. There are some clues that can give a careful observer indications that the cow or heifer is pregnant, however. An increase in belly size during late gestation is a clue, but not always. Some cows or heifers will not look very pregnant and can fool you. Changes in the udder can also give a clue, especially in heifers. The teats will


begin to enlarge about the fourth month of gestation in many individuals, and from the sixth month, on the udder begins to develop and enlarge. This swelling is progressive, and many heifers will have a large udder for at least a month before calving. They may also develop swelling along the belly just ahead of the udder. A few will fool you, however, and not make much udder development until the very end of gestation. Generally there will also be relaxation of the tissues around the vulva, starting a few weeks ahead of calving. The muscles on either side of the tail head soften and relax. Usually in the last few hours before calving, the teats fill and enlarge; even if the udder was full and large for several days or weeks, the teats generally do not become enlarged and distended until a few hours before calving.

Characteristics of aborted fetus to determine age of fetus LENGTH OF GESTATION


2 months

Size of a mouse

3 months

Size of a rat

4 months

Size of a small cat

5 months

Size of a large cat

6 months

Size of small dog, hair around eyes, tail,

7 months

Fine hair on body and legs

8 months

Hair coat complete, teeth slightly erupted

9 months

Incisor teeth erupted

Lamb Day and Sale coming to Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV -- The University of Nevada Cooperative Extension office and the Kern Family of Paradise Valley, NV are hosting an educational lamb day. The fun day is open to all 4-H, FFA and GRANGE youth members. The Lamb Sale will be featuring quality lambs available for the fair market and breeding projects. In addition to the sale, the day will include a mini showmanship show, a guest speaker, lunch and fun prizes! The event will take place on May 18th from 10 am to 3 pm. For more information please contact Katie Kern at 775-578-3393 or Sharon Barton at 775-625-3393. If you plan to attend, please let the Sharon know by May 13, 2019.


Ranching Scrapbook Inspiring Youth Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Winnemucca, Nev.—Teaching kids to work in today’s day and age can be a challenge. With cell phones, video games, and social media, kids aren’t engaged in face to face conversations or expected to do menial chores around the house. While children are expected to grow up faster now than ever before due to these influences, ranching families have drawn criticism by giving responsibilities to and expecting their children to work alongside them on the farm and ranch. This is causing a huge disconnect in our society. Young adults entering the workforce have no idea how

to work. Unless they have grown up in agriculture. Rachel and Damon Mellard of Marfa, Texas have 4 amazing boys. Their ages range from 11 at the oldest and 5 at the youngest. In addition to being home schooled, these boys are horseback, helping on the ranch every day. They take an active role in the management and care of their own herd of cattle. In the words of mom Rachel, “[We] worked a few of the boy’s calves and weaned a few more, yesterday.

PHOTO BY: Rachel Mellard The Mellard boys hold down, brand, and ear mark one of their calves during a fall branding. 24   THE NEVADA RANCHER – MAY 2019

PHOTO BY: Rachel Mellard One of the bigger calves knocked the gate open, and got out, unmarked. Called for a pasture branding! Thomas got him headed and Damon picked up his heels. Teamwork, once again.

PHOTO BY: Rachel Mellard Aidan Mellard castrates a calf while his brother holds it. Dad Damon watches from horseback.

Lots of goodness in these snapshots of life, [I’m] so thankful for their hard work, and pray they have a drive for getting the job done for the Lord, as they make top hands with cattle and horses. Travis (7) & Honey (the lil pony) were trailing cattle down the road as everyone else got a bunch of cattle thrown together, and next thing we knew, we couldn’t see him or find tracks where they’d been. Damon went to trotting around the pasture in the direction we thought the cattle may have talked him into going...When he was finally spotted coming in to the corral from the opposite direction, he had picked up more cattle. Honey was lathered up, but they got the job done and then some! Then they did the ground work on their calves, together, (yes, Mama helped with irons and knives, too), and let their daddy do the roping.” It is refreshing to see young kids taking the initiative to do a job and do it well to completion!

PHOTO BY: Rachel Mellard The 4 Mellard boys do all the ground work, including castrating and ear marking while dad Damon holds the rope


Danyelle Draper has deep roots in the Silver State

By: Jolyn Young

RANGELY, Colo. – Danyelle Draper left Nevada after graduating high school, but the 19-year-old college freshman values her deep roots in the Silver State. She grew up in a cowboy family on area ranches, learning to ride and rope as a kid. In her teen years, her skills earned her a rodeo scholarship to Colorado Northwestern Community College in

Rangely. Today, Danyelle competes in barrel racing, team roping, breakaway roping, and goat tying. She is studying to earn a degree in Equine Management and Training. Here, Rancher contributor Jolyn Young visits with Danyelle about her childhood on the ranch, the collegiate life, and picking up broncs.

PHOTO BY: ASHLEY WILLIAMS ROCKING LAZY A PHOTOGRAPHY Danyelle grew up on various northern Nevada ranches with her cowboy family.

JY: Tell me a little bit about your background. DD: I had ponies and old broke ranch horses to ride when I was younger. I was definitely a momma’s girl when I was little. When I was about 10, I really started getting in to going to work with Dad and learning how to rope in the branding pen. JY: Did you attend public school?

DD: I was homeschooled on and off until 7th grade, then I asked to be home schooled for the rest of grade school so I could focus on rodeo and working on the ranch. I day worked as much as I could without it getting in the way of school work JY: Did you like school? DD: It didn’t bother me, but it definitely wasn’t my favorite thing to do.

I knew that I had to finish to get to were I wanted to be so that kept me getting my school work done. JY: What first interested you in your college major? DD: I love riding and starting horses! JY: Do you plan on making a career as a horse trainer? DD: I do, I would like to focus on

reining and roping horses and some barrel horses. JY: How are you liking the college rodeo team? DD: My team is awesome. We all get along and just strive to better ourselves and horses. We aren’t a huge team, but we are like family to each other and it’s nice to have that. I made my first short round in goats

PHOTO BY: ASHLEY WILLIAMS ROCKING LAZY A PHOTOGRAPHY Danyelle is a great role model for other young ladies looking to attend college after high school graduation.


Danyelle competes in 4 college rodeo events, including breakaway roping.

“Go adventure and have fun, but always remember where you come from.”-DD Courtesy Photo:

In addition to her school work and rodeo events, Danyelle picks up broncs for fun.

last fall and am hitting right out of the top ten in breakaway, and goats at most of the rodeos. The rodeos are very exciting and fun to compete in. I am happy I have the opportunity to rodeo with the horses I have. JY: Did you take horses from the ranch with you to college? DD: Yeah, I have 3 horses. 2 for rodeo and 1 for my colt class. JY: Tell me about the colt class. DD: In the first semester, you bring a colt that is started then your second semester you bring a colt that is only halter broke and start it yourself. I like it at a lot, but that’s also because I have been doing it for most of my life growing up and helping my dad. JY: Sounds fun! And you also pick up broncs. Tell me about that. DD: I helped my dad pick up broncs for a couple years in high school. My coach Jed Moore knew that, so I have been picking for them this year. I absolutely love it. It’s an adrenaline rush and just a lot of fun to do. “This story originally appeared on the CavvySavvy website”

JY: Have you had any difficulties due to being a woman with a smaller build, or has that not been an issue? DD: Sometimes, if the saddle I’m riding is a little bigger, then I have to hang on when I pick a guy up so they don’t take me with them when I set them down. I haven’t fallen off yet picking up, but I definitely don’t want to say I won’t because I have even seen men fall off when picking someone up. JY: Who has been influential in helping you accomplish your goals? DD: My dad Tim Draper and mom Kelly Draper are the ones to give all the credit to. Without my mom, I wouldn’t be the young lady I am. Being a hand and roping and starting colts like I do is all because of my dad Tim. JY: Any advice for other young people looking to move off the ranch and attend college? DD: Don’t be scared to go out and take on college with a good view and pick a degree you know is good for you. Go adventure and have fun, but always remember where you come from. Mostly, just go have fun!

Spring cultivation of established alfalfa

Extension Highlights Pershing County Extension Educator-Steve Foster I have noticed many farmers beginning their alfalfa field preparations this trol weeds like mustards and downy brome, but sometimes-light tillage spring. Good cultural practices (proper stand establishment, irrigation, is used to incorporate fertilizer, smooth rough spots, or lessen compaction. fertility, and harvest management) promote a dense, vigorous alfalfa In addition, some folks claim this tillage increases production by splitting stand that is able to suppress weeds and provides crowns into two or more plants. Are these claims only minimal opportunity for weed encroachment true or just old alfalfa grower’s tales? Well, tillage during the growing season. Although a healthy generally does stimulate early alfalfa growth by alfalfa stand protects against most weed problems blackening the soil (thus, helping to increase soil during the growing season, winter annual and temperatures). perennial weeds can become established while However, most research shows that if spring tillage the alfalfa crop is dormant. Winter annual weeds is aggressive enough to provide useful weed congerminate in fall and late winter and become trol, it also damages alfalfa stands and yields, by established before alfalfa growth resumes in early cutting open some of the crowns, allowing diseases spring. Because competition from the alfalfa for to enter and start injuring the plant. These crown moisture and light (shading) is minimal during dorand root diseases usually take a while to show mancy, herbicides are usually needed to prevent much damage, so if the field will be rotated to Courtesy Photo: weed establishment and assure a weed-free first Cultivating alfalfa with a spring-tooth harrow. another crop in a year or two, losses will be slight cutting. if any. Furthermore, light tillage that does not harm Some alfalfa growers also use cultivation or tillage of dormant alfalfa stands usually fails to control many weeds. Apparently, you cannot have stands to control early weeds. Dormant-season tillage can provide control your cake and eat it, too. of winter annual weeds in established alfalfa but also may damage alfalfa Nevertheless, if you want to keep that stand for a longer time, do not crowns and predispose plants to diseases. Tillage of established alfalfa aggressively till or diseases might start to thin your stands earlier than has been discouraged in higher-rainfall areas due to the increased risk of normal. Bottom line – spring tillage, as long as it occurs before alfalfa diseases. greens up and when soils are dry, does little harm to alfalfa in low precipAccording to Dr. Bruce Anderson, Extension Forage Specialist, University itation/humidity areas. However, it also does little good. Therefore, you of Nebraska-Lincoln, there are advantages and disadvantages about this may want to re-evaluate if it is worth the time, labor and cost to your practice. Usually spring tillage of established alfalfa stands is done to conoperation.

Now Serving All of Northern Nevada FREE Consultation for New Clients Now Serving Cities within the Distribution Area

We are experts in State of Nevada Water Rights. We provide a wide range of water right and resource development services that can be customized to meet your needs. Our team works directly with you to develop the best solution for your farm, ranch, business or home.


NEVADA’S PREMIER WATER RIGHTS ENGINEERING COMPANY Over 50 Years of Combined Water Rights Experience

Michael Turnipseed, P.E. David G. Hillis, Jr., P.E.


Carson City, Nevada 28   THE NEVADA RANCHER – MAY 2019



Future in good hands with Winnemucca FFA team Michelle Cook Nevada Rancher Magazine

Winnemucca Future Farmers of America (FFA) Agriculture Issues Team presented their award-winning presentation “Can Greater Sage Grouse and Livestock Share the Range?” to the Humboldt County Commissioners. The team competed against three other teams to take first place in the state competition held in Reno in March. The commissioners comment-ed how polished and professional the team was during their presentation, encouraging the teenagers to “keep up the good work.” Leah Mori who coaches the team said the team has been working on the presentation since last September. Prior to the state competition the team must create a portfolio containing questions answered regarding their topic, a bibliography, and to have three presentations completed to be able to qualify. The team will represent Nevada at the National competition in November.

PHOTO BY: Michelle Cook FFA team members wait to present their part of the discussion before the Humboldt county commissioners. Weston Noyes, Sierra Fears and Dillon Patterson.

Happenings in Denio Please Join Us: June, 1st

Stay Updated:

Denio Junction For more information please call 775-941-0171 Denio Junction Cafe-Fuel-Lodging Groceries-RV Park

Denio Rodeo and BBQ

Denio Days Arena Roping, Branding & Kids Events. Denio Community Hall BBQ, Quilt Display and Dance.

PHOTO BY: Michelle Cook Winnemucca FFA Ag Issues team – Isaac Mori, Dillon Patterson, Weston Noyes, Brett Ferraro, Mickenzy Coleman, Alison Aitken and Sierra Fears.

Find info and dates for upcoming TEAM ROPINGS & RANCH RODEOS on our website!

Special Feeder Sales: Second Tuesday of Each Month Tuesday May 14th Tuesday June 11th Tuesday July 10th   THE NEVADA RANCHER – MAY 2019 29




Desert Disposal


Sarah Hummel, DVM.

4062 W. Wmca Blvd


Your One-Stop Service!

Commercial • Residential Construction Bins Sani-Huts Septic System Pumping Servicing all of Northern Nevada


Seed - Alfalfa - Grasses - Pasture Mix - Grain Custom Mixes - Fertilizer - Pesticides 140 Pacific Ave. Winnemucca, Nevada 775.623.2005


Steve Lucas : Western Video Market Representative

SANDHILL FEEDLOT Feed Yard (775) 623-4099

Cell: 775.761.7575 • 12 Miles North of Winnemucca, NV

13 Feet 6 inches long x 12 inches high 95 pounds per stick $1.50 per foot

Complete Mobile Veterinary Service Special Focus on Large Animal Medicine Available Saturdays w/regular fees Ultrasound Capable


Additional discount for quantity purchase! Servicing Nevada & Oregon




Serving all of northern Nevada for all your animal health needs MOST ORDERS ARE SHIPPED FREE!



Used Well Pipe Cut Posts • Succer Rod Cable • Gates Continuous Fence • Panels

Offering the industry’s broadest range of PVC pipe sizes.

“BEST” Big Bale Feeders (10 Year Warranty)

No Other Company Makes A Higher Quality, Longer-Lasting PVC Pipe Than Diamond Plastics.

1000 EDEN VALLEY RD., GOLCONDA, NV 775-623-3526 • 1-800-PVC-PIPE




Specializing in Seed and Fertilizers FREE ESTIMATES!

Ron’s Seed & Supply “Hay, Shavings, Western Apparel, Tack, Propane and More”

710 Grass Valley Rd. • Winnemucca, NV

(775) 623-5053


Water Rights Sales Directory!

(775) 885-9283 •

3108 Silver Sage Dr., Suite 102, Carson City, Nevada 89701


Sean Miller Memorial Ranch Rodeo

Specializing in Hunting, Ranching and Horse Properties

Gavica Ranch

10750 Gavica Lane, Paradise Valley. Beautiful 48 acre ranchette near the base of Santa Rosa Mountains. A clean updated home with 3 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, stucco exterior, metal roof, covered patio, spacious garage, carport, lawn and mature trees. The acreage produces approximately 60 ton of prime grass hay. There are 39.36 acres of water rights with a well maintained irrigation system. There is a shop and corrals and currently runs 40 head of cows for 9 months of the year. Unique location!

Clear Creek Ranch

Year round cattle ranch with 10,400 Deeded Acres, parcels in Humboldt and Pershing Counties, plus BLM allotment. 6 pivots, 790 irrigated acres, 2 large diameter irrigation wells, ranch manager's home and equipment yard, Log Cottage. Excellent surface and under ground water rights with one of the longest perennial streams in the Great Basin. Price includes all equipment and cattle.

279.93 Acres Lamoille

Beautiful Property wih Ruby Mountain Views and seasonal creek. Access is from Lower Lamoille Road.

June 1-2, 2019 Lovelock Nevada

June 1st, 2019 Rodeo - Jr & Women’s Division Women’s Steer Stop Jackpot Bronc Riding

June 2nd, 2019 Rodeo - Open Division

Diamond Valley Farm

Nice family farm with three homes all with yards and trees. The farm is 1,080 acres in Eureka County with Certificated Water Rights, six pivots, 3 pivots alfalfa, 1 pivot wheat, 2 pivots in permanent Fescue and Garrison. Two hay barns, 2 feedlots, working corrals, loading chute, arena, large equipment shop with stalls. Farm runs 350 to 400 head from May through November.

Entries are available online for all Events at:

New Ranch

Over 23,000 deeded acres. Old water rights on the Humboldt River. Winter out permit. View Complete listings at

775-738-8535 • 775-777-6416 Allie Bear, Broker/Realtor

Top Hand Will Receive a saddle made by Cope Saddlery

WSRRA Qualifier Taking 25 Teams Open and Women’s Teams $600 Per 4 Person Team

Dawn Mitton, Broker/Realtor

Looking down from 30,000 feet on Nevada’s craggy, arid landscape doesn’t evoke an image of what most people think of as rangeland. But this vast and seemingly desolate place as viewed from five miles high actually supports a vital and healthy livestock industry. In an environment which receives an average 7.5 inches of precipitation a year, careful and constant management of these particular rangelands is crucial. More than 85 percent of Nevada is managed by the federal government under the supervision of the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service, and the military. Because private land is very limited, ranchers need to use some of these public lands, as well as their own, for grazing herds of cattle and sheep. Ranchers are given an allotment and a predetermined number of livestock are allowed to graze at a per-head fee.

This has been an agreeable partnership for close to a hundred years, with both parties active in managing the land to accommodate many uses such as wildlife habitat and recreation as well as grazing. The health of our rangeland is in everyone’s best interest. Land has always been the foundation of our nation’s wealth and the men and women who work that land are the traditional caretakers. Land management and conservation science have advanced greatly over the last decades and modern ranchers keep up, or are in the lead.

Carefully grazed rangeland has been shown to be healthier and more productive than ungrazed land separated by only a wire fence. Grazing animals control invasive species and organic matter that fuels destructive wildfires. Like most of the west, nevada has been impacted by urban growth, especially by the increased demands on a limited water supply. Natural resources are under pressure so it becomes increasingly critical to manage our rangelands to benefit not only our livestock industry, but the very place we call home.

4780 East Idaho Street, Elko, NV 89801 • 775-738-4082 This ad is funded through the NRRC’s assessment of 10¢ per AUM paid by public land ranchers.


Results of Latest Nevada Beef Council Promotion

When it comes to reaching and engaging consumers, the Nevada Beef Council (NBC) works to build campaigns that incorporate a number of elements designed to reach them at various points in their path-to-purchase. Over the past few years, we’ve worked to incorporate new partnerships and campaign elements to continually evolve these marketing efforts, and to ensure our messages are reaching consumers in the most effective way possible. In late 2018, the NBC launched its latest promotion, this one built around holiday entertaining, featuring holiday roast imagery and recipes, and offering cash-back rebates on select roasts at the retail level. This integrated marketing campaign involved multiple digital and broadcast elements, as well as a rebate available through the mobile shopping app Ibotta, all of which were designed to reach and ultimately encourage consumers to add beef to their market basket during the 2018 holiday season. The campaign launched November 28, 2018, with the broadcast and digital elements running a total of five weeks, until January 1, 2019. The campaign targeted adults 25-49, with a primary focus on the state’s major population areas of the Las Vegas and Reno markets. The Ibotta offer for this campaign was a $4 rebate on any brand beef roast, two pounds or larger. As we’ve shared in previous updates, the NBC has incorporated Ibotta offers into its campaigns for the last few years, finding a good return on investment and broader reach than through previous retail-level promotions. Ibotta partners with leading brands and retailers to offer rebates on a variety of products and groceries. The consumer unlocks qualifying rebates through the app by completing a brand engagement, then purchases the item at the store, and verifies the purchase for a rebate that comes in the form of cash or gift card. The app has proven popular with consumers, with over 22 million downloads to date. Providing rebates through Ibotta also provides more flexibility for the NBC in terms of retailer engagement. Since Ibotta rebates are available through any participating Nevada retailer, shoppers visiting most grocery stores in the state are able to access the offers, which helps broaden the reach of our retail promotions. For this campaign specifically, the top retailers at which rebates were redeemed were Smith’s (31 percent), Walmart (19 percent) and Albertson’s (19 percent). In terms of the broadcast and digital elements deployed throughout this campaign, the use of geo-fencing helped target consumers using location-based

and behavioral displays to target the primary grocery shoppers within a specified distance of the retailer. This was deployed through a broad app network, including Shazam, Slacker, Words With Friends, Fox News, Pandora, Accuweather, and many others. Digital video pre-roll and mobile banners were displayed through these apps using the geo-fencing technology. Additionally, a series of broadcast radio ads were aired on a variety of Las Vegas and Reno market radio stations, with a reach of 971,000 listeners through these ads alone. Although these campaign elements concluded the first of the year, the Ibotta offer remained active for another several weeks into 2019, extending the timeframe in which Nevada shoppers could take advantage of the rebate. During the course of the promotion, approximately 35 percent of shoppers redeeming the beef rebate were between the ages of 25 and 34, and 31 percent were between 35 and 44. In terms of gender, over 85 percent were redeemed by women, with 14.75 percent redeemed by men. Ultimately, the campaign helped reach over 2.7 million Nevada consumers, and resulted in 6,295 rebates being redeemed on the Ibotta mobile app – a redemption rate that is almost double the benchmark for covering the state of Nevada! Virtual Ranch Tours Available makes the ranch more accessible than ever, with virtual reality tours of farms and ranches now available on the site. The 360° videos provide a unique, behind-the-scenes look at ranching, offering consumers and influencers a closer look at how America’s beef producers raise cattle. These virtual reality tours have been used by the Beef Checkoff and state beef councils in recent months to share the ranching experience at various food and retail influencer events and conferences. Users get a sense of what goes into ranching through a fun and interactive experience, with the ranchers themselves sharing their stories as narrators on the videos. What’s more, two of the three ranches featured are here in the West – Brackett Ranches in Idaho, and Easterday Ranches in Washington.

You can learn more at

Burnt Sugar Cake ! t a e s Words and Photo By Jennifer Whiteley ’ t e L Lamoille, Nev.—I love old recipes. You know the tried and true ones, that are hastily scribbled on the back of a receipt from memory? They are sometimes vague, sometimes missing a step, or have an obscure measurement like “butter the size of an egg.” But most importantly, they use ingredients that are pantry staples for ranch kitchens, which is handy when you live out of town. Old recipes also bring back a sense of nostalgia. I have a pie recipe from my great-grandma Rosella that lists butter the size of an egg as an ingredient. When I come across it in my recipe box, it recalls afternoon games of gin rummy, dinners at 4:30, and baked apples with my grandma. I think of the conversations we shared during those afternoons and I smile. I was so lucky to grow up with

both of my great-grandmas in my life. There’s something undeniably special about recipes that have been passed down through the generations. They’ve been tested, tasted and tweaked time and again until they’re perfect. Today I’m sharing a recipe for Burnt Sugar Cake that comes from my great-grandma Mabel Bieroth. Grandma Bieroth was known for her delicious homecooked meals. In addition to cooking for her family, she cooked cowboy crews, mining crews, and even the cricket crews when the Morman Crickets invaded Elko County in 1930’s! Now my aunt Marge brings this cake to nearly every Mountain City branding. It isn’t spring in Mountain City, if there isn’t a Burnt Sugar Cake at a branding!

Burnt Sugar Cake By Mabel Bieroth Ingredients Burn ½ c. sugar; add 1/2c. water-boil to syrup, let cool. 1 ½ c. sugar ¾ c. butter 2 eggs 3 c. flour (sifted 7 times) 1 tsp. soda 1 c. cold water Instructions Add ½ of the flour and water to the creamed sugar, butter, and egg yolks; beat real well and add balance of flour, 1 tsp. vanilla and 2 beaten egg whites last. Bake at 350* for 30 minutes in layer cake pans. Burnt Sugar Frosting 1 ½ c. sugar ½ c. milk ½ c. butter Cook in pan used to burn sugar for cake. Cook to soft ball stage; cool to warm stage stir to spreading consistency. Frost cake! I have typed this, just as my grandma had written it, but I have covered my recipe card with notes to help me interpret the recipe. Here are a few tips to make it a little more user friendly! *Separate egg yolks from whites. *Add syrup after beating sugar, butter, and yolks. *Don’t skip sifting flour! It is a pain, and if you are like me, makes a big mess, but keeps this cake from getting dense. *This cake can dry out fast, so watch it towards the end of cooking time. It is done when a toothpick entered in the center comes out clean. *Don’t get in a hurry to do the dishes while the cake bakes. I don’t know how many times I’ve washed my skillet I burned the sugar in just to realize I needed the sugar remnants to make the frosting! *It frosts easier if frosting is still warm. *This cake may be baked in a 9”x13” or sheet pan as well, just adjust your cooking time.

! y o j n E


USDA expands animal disease traceability program Michelle Cook Nevada Rancher Magazine

Depending on how you perceive it, animal disease traceability is either an idea that’s too important to abandon in spite of all the complications, or a nuisance that just refuses to die. The federal Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) system, with its limited scope, has operated for five years. From the start, many believed the system would need to expand to become truly effective, but the United States Department of Agriculture (UDSA) has taken a cautious and deliberate approach toward expanding the program to cover more producers and more classes of cattle. Last September, the USDA announced its goals for updating and expanding the ADT system, including plans for cost-sharing for electronic ID and birth-to-slaughter traceability for cattle.

USDA’s four overarching goals for increasing traceability are: Advance the electronic sharing of data among federal and state animal health officials, veterinarians and industry; including sharing basic animal disease traceability data with the federal animal health events repository (AHER).

Chris Janson June 19

Use electronic ID tags for animals requiring individual identification in order to make the transmission of data more efficient; Enhance the ability to track animals from birth to slaughter through a system that allows tracking data points to be connected; and Elevate the discussion between states and industry to work toward a system where animal health certificates are electronically transmitted from private veterinarians to state animal health officials. These discussions began in earnest back in 2003, when the USDA formed a national working group with representatives from across the livestock industry to hammer out a preliminary plan for a traceability system. That working group developed the U.S. Animal Identification Plan (USAIP), which evolved into USDA’s National Animal Identification System (NAIS) in 2004. Grass-roots resistance to NAIS grew, and the program never gained traction.

Xtreme Bulls June 20

Nearly a decade later, in 2013, USDA launched its Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) system that remains in place today. The current ADT program focuses on interstate movement of breeding–age cattle, 18 months of age or older, and dairy cattle. The program exempts beef calves and feeder cattle, which travel in the greatest numbers and pose the greatest risk for spreading disease as they move through marketing channels and co-mingle with cattle from multiple sources.

Double R Marketplace vendors galore

Over the spring and summer of 2017, the USDA hosted a series of public meetings to solicit stakeholder feedback on the existing program and the next steps. In September, USDA officials discussed the results of those meetings during a strategy forum hosted by the National Institute for Animal Agriculture and the U.S. Animal Health Association. Based on public feedback, a state and federal ADT working group has developed a list of preliminary recommendations on key issues, including a shift toward exclusive use of radio-frequency identification (RFID) devices for official animal ID and eventually, inclusion of feeder-cattle movements. USDA used that feedback to develop their current goals for the system. The state of Kansas, meanwhile, is moving forward with its “CattleTrace” pilot program, a public-private collaboration focused on ranch-to-slaughter traceability for disease surveillance and intervention. In December 2017, the Kansas Livestock Association (KLA) voted for policy supporting mandatory cattle disease traceability for all ages of cattle, which provided momentum for the program. In addition to the KLA, CattleTrace partners include Kansas State University, the Kansas Department of Agriculture, USDA, and individual producer stakeholders. It is being jointly funded by public and private resources. Participants plan to enroll and track about 55,000 cattle over the next two years, using ultra-high-frequency (UHF) tags and readers, which allow users to quickly capture individual ID numbers from groups of cattle. The program’s planners designed the system to collect the minimum of necessary information for tracking in a disease outbreak – just an individual animal ID number, a GPS location, date and time. Moving forward, USDA wants to continue to build on the current momentum around animal disease traceability, and will begin implementing their new ADT goals starting in fiscal year 2019. USDA plans to work with state partners and industry to establish appropriate benchmarks to measure progress toward the program’s goals.


Nightly Carnival June 19-29

Ranchers ignite the passion! Get your tickets today as we will sell out. or call 800-325-SEAT

June 20-29

It’s a Big Damn Deal!

USDA Envisions Future of ADT Program Michelle Cook Nevada Rancher Magazine

During a recent National Institute for Animal Agriculture conference, USDA Under Secretary of Agriculture for Marketing and Regulatory Programs Gregory Ibach delivered a keynote address on the future of the Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) system. Ibach stressed that USDA intends to collaborate with industry and commodity groups in advancing the ADT system, with an emphasis on protecting animal health and food safety while also benefiting producers. He outlined three critical “legs” to the USDA’s efforts toward protecting the food supply. Prevention, preparedness and response: This includes developing systems and standards for biosecurity, surveillance and disease detection, training and outreach and rapid response plans. Previous disease outbreaks, such as highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have illustrated a need for logistics planning. Ibach stressed that prevention is a first priority, and noted that traceability plays a key role in surveillance and response capabilities. USDA, he says, intends to leave traceability technology and mechanics up to individual states, while focusing federal efforts on the information needed to achieve their disease-response goals. USDA will issue requests for proposals from states detailing biosecurity and traceability plans. Qualification for federal indemnity programs will depend on states implementing approved plans for traceability. USDA intends to focus initially on a “bookend” system for livestock entering interstate commerce, with assignment of animal identification and tracking capabilities for the farm or ranch of origin and retirement of those ID numbers at slaughter. Eventually, the system would provide traceability through every movement and production stage.

Specializing in Truck and Livestock Scales Established in 1959, Scales NW offers a wide range of equipment, from precision lab balances to high capacity rail scales, as well as certified scale service and installation.

Scales NW is proud to serve: California Idaho Montana Nevada Oregon Utah Washington

Contact Steve Orr for more information today! Email: Phone: (503) 510-3540 • (800) 451-0187


If your water is not being properly distributed you could be losing money! Call us to have your sprinklers inspected and we can help you design a package that is fit to your specific needs.


and how it can help you determine where you could use more or less water and get the most out of your system!

5025 E. WINNEMUCCA BLVD. WINNEMUCCA, NV. 89445 775-625-1945


Tips Western Store Closes, Partnership Continues By Joyce Sheen Winnemucca Publishing

One of Winnemucca’s oldest retail businesses, Tips Western, is set to close its doors at the end of April. The store has become a fixture to locals and to many customers traveling US 95 and Interstate 80 over the years. The Tiptons have loyal customers who stop in, from all over the country. Winnemucca natives Ken and Cathi Tipton, who have worked the business together for 40 years, will miss the day-to-day interaction with their customers but they’re not getting out of the business entirely. They will continue to build custom saddles and tack with the TIP logo from their shop at home and sell merchandise online at their very active web site. Tipton already has a long list of orders for the custom saddles the business has become famous for hand crafting. His being chosen by his peers in March, as “Saddle Maker of the Year” by the Academy of Western Artists, was fitting recognition of the craft he will continue to practice and enjoy. Manuel and Angel Mercado, who have worked at Tips for 37 and 27 years respectively, will likely continue to do so from the shop on Ken and Cathi’s property in Winnemucca. That Tiptons have decided to retire to Winnemucca is not surprising. They have deep roots in Humboldt County. Both their families were well-established here before they were born and members of the family continue to live here. Ken’s father Clay, or “Buck” as more people know him, will turn 100 years old this April. With ranching in his family background, Ken Tipton considered going into ranching and even had a small herd of cattle. Then fate intervened and a pretty famous western store in Elko, named J.M. Capriolas, hired him. They had seen some leather work he’d done on smaller items, and they were impressed. At Capriolas, Ken learned to build saddles. They handed him the components and a saddle tree. He started out doing repair work and watched the skilled saddle maker who was working there. “Once I was into the business far enough, I could see things I liked and see how they were done,” Tipton said. He learned from others and says he’s still learning. Tipton opened a saddle shop in Elko in 1973. He got tired of running back and forth between Humboldt County, where his cattle were and Elko County, where his shop was. He decided to move the shop next to his folks’ place in Golconda. He and Cathi, who had been dating off and on for nine years - ever since high school, finally made up their minds to get married in 1977. They decided to move the shop to Grass Valley. Then in 1979, they moved it again to the corner of Melarkey and Second Street, where it has stayed. They sold western wear and gift items along


with saddles, tack, and other leather and silver work. Ken says working together in the business was easy. “Cathi did the things she did and I did the things I did.” Working together, much of the time in the same nine foot by nine foot office for 40 years, has gone by quickly, he said. Ken also spent a lot of time in the downstairs portion of the building, where the saddles and tack are made. Although owning and running a business means being tied down much of the time, Ken and Cathi were able to be present at all of their two daughters’ sporting events and extra-curricular activities. “Our kids got a great education in the local schools,” they said. “Winnemucca is a wonderful place to raise children.” In more recent years, Ken Tipton has made the time to give back by serving on the Winnemucca City Council and is currently serving on the Humboldt County Commission. The Tiptons have seen the business climate in Winnemucca change greatly over the years. They explained that when they opened their store, there were 17 stores in town that sold clothing. When they went to clothing markets, like those in San Francisco, Sacrament, Denver and Salt Lake, they saw other Winnemucca retailers there. “We’d talk about what we wanted to buy and see if we could all bring different things to Winnemucca,” Ken Tipton remembered. “When the corporate stores came into town, things changed fast.” Tip’s Western Wear and Saddlery found a way to continue to prosper even when the competition changed and in years when Winnemucca’s well-known cyclical economy was down. They opened their store’s offerings – by way of catalogs – to a much wider customer base. “We started the catalog in 1985,” Ken said. “That was a big water year and the Humboldt River took out the Melarkey Street bridge. The traffic was re-routed around that area for two years and the store saw a big drop in customers. We first decided to advertise in a national magazine, and that went pretty well, so we went on to do a catalog. In 2000, Ken and Cathi added their online store, They also diversified. In addition to the saddles and tack they made themselves, they rented tuxedos and even had work shoes and boots at one time. Some years were better than others and some ideas were very successful and some were decidedly not. “Failures happen; if you don’t like failure, you shouldn’t be in business,” Ken Tipton said, adding that learning from the failures is essential. The mail order business grew over the years and an active web site has now taken the place of the earlier catalogs. Tip’s now does over 60 percent of its business by mail order. Working to serve their local customer base and repeat customers from other areas has been a joy over the years. “Winnemucca treated us well; we have a lot of several generation customers,” Cathi said. She added that it was also wonderful to see customers from out of town who would stop by. Ken and Cathi Tipton called their decision to close the store at the end of April “bittersweet.” When their lease on the building ended, they briefly considered looking for a different location but decided it was a serendipitous opportunity to change direction, spend more time with their families and enjoy a little slower pace. “We’d like to thank all our customers for years of patronage – we’ll definitely miss them.” Cathi said. They both added their thanks to the many great employees who’ve helped make their business successful over the years and said, “We’re still looking forward to seeing local friends at events around town.” They received help in learning the retail business from salesmen they worked with. “The Lee salesman helped us set up a reorder point and inventory system. There was a tack salesman who took a liking to me; they helped us a lot,” Ken said. Editor’s Note: The iconic Tip’s Western store front closed April 30th, 2019. The saddlery will continue in addition to online sales, Follow the Tiptons on Facebook and Instagram.

USDA Announces Buy-Up Coverage Availability and New Service Fees for Non-insured Crop Coverage Policies Producers have a one-time opportunity until May 24, 2019 WASHINGTON – USDA’s Farm Service Agency (FSA) today announced that higher levels of coverage will be offered through the Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP), a popular safety net program, beginning April 8, 2019. The 2018 Farm Bill also increased service fees and made other changes to the program, including service fee waivers for qualified military veterans interested in obtaining NAP coverage. “When other insurance coverage is not an option, NAP is a valuable risk mitigation tool for farmers and ranchers,” said FSA Administrator Richard Fordyce. “In agriculture, losses from natural disasters are a matter of when, not if, and having a NAP policy provides a little peace of mind.” NAP provides financial assistance to producers of commercial crops for which insurance coverage is not available in order to protect against natural disasters that result in lower yields or crop losses, or prevent crop planting.   NAP Buy-Up Coverage Option The 2018 Farm Bill reinstates higher levels of coverage, from 50 to 65 percent of expected production in 5 percent increments, at 100 percent of the average market price. Producers of organics and crops marketed directly to consumers also may exercise the “buy-up” option to obtain NAP coverage of 100 percent of the average market price at the coverage levels of between 50 and 65 percent of expected production. NAP basic coverage is available at 55 percent of the average market price for crop losses that exceed 50 percent of expected production.    Producers have a one-time opportunity until May 24, 2019, to obtain buyup coverage for 2019 or 2020 eligible crops for which the NAP application closing date has passed.   Buy-up coverage is not available for crops intended for grazing. NAP Service Fees For all coverage levels, the new NAP service fee is the lesser of $325 per crop or $825 per producer per county, not to exceed a total of $1,950 for a producer with farming interests in multiple counties.  These amounts reflect a $75 service fee increase for crop, county or multi-county coverage.  The fee increases apply to obtaining NAP coverage on crops on or after April 8, 2019. NAP Enhancements for Qualified Military Veterans The 2018 Farm Bill NAP amendments specify that qualified veteran farmers or ranchers are now eligible for a service fee waiver and premium reduction, if the NAP applicant meets certain eligibility criteria. Beginning, limited resource and targeted underserved farmers or ranchers remain eligible for a waiver of NAP service fees and premium reduction when they file form CCC-860, “Socially Disadvantaged, Limited Resource and Beginning Farmer or Rancher Certification.” For NAP application, eligibility and related program information, visit www. or contact your local USDA Service Center.  To locate your local FSA office, visit


Cooperative farming model an opportunity for beginning farmers and ranchers By: Michelle Cook

Amid a nationwide rise in worker-owned businesses of all types, small farms across the country are foregoing traditional farm ownership and reaping the benefits of cooperative farming. Farmer co-ops—which range from small to very large—have been around for nearly as long as people have been farming. But as worker-owned businesses undergo a revival, community-scale farmers are also turning to cooperative, more collaborative farming models. Though these farms are run by people with diverse backgrounds, beliefs, and motivations, they all seek to rebuild what’s been lost over the past century: a connection with neighbors—whether personal, economic, or

both—and a sense of the mutual support that keeps rural communities alive. In particular, the worker cooperative model is a natural fit for farming. Beginning farmers need land, start-up capital, labor, and diverse skills to launch a business. In a cooperative, farmers can pool financial resources and strengths, thus spreading out costs and drawing from a range work experience. This means more adaptability and resiliency—two things any farmer will tell you are essential. Mai Nguyen supported new cooperatives for years at the California Center for Cooperative Development. Now the California organizer of the National Young Farmers Coalition (and a farmer of heirloom grains), Nguyen sees a growing trend toward cooperation in agriculture. “Like any other form of social relationship, cooperation is easily forgotten because it’s not commodified,” says Nguyen. “There aren’t many well-established models of farms run by worker cooperatives—but that’s changing.” Through involvement in the co-op sector, Nguyen advises cooperative farms in California, including the collaboratively minded Solidarity Farm. While new farmers might be wary of sharing management with customers or co-owners, farms can function collectively with great longterm success. Take two neighboring farms in Vermont, Intervale Community Farm and Diggers’ Mirth Collective Farm.

Petroleum Products Serving Northern Nevada Since 1977

Serving ALL of the Tri-county Area • 24 Hour Cardlock • Bulk Fuel Delivery • Full Line of Chevron Fueling System Lubricants & Greases • Non-Tax Dyed Diesel For Farm Use Available

775-623-2960 3300 W. Railroad St., Winnemucca, NV Horse Trailer Accessible. Located next to Big R 38   THE NEVADA RANCHER – MAY 2019

Like a credit union or the outdoor goods store, REI, Intervale Community Farm is a member-owned venture. Ninety percent of the farm’s business comes from its CSA program, and, like a consumer cooperative, CSA members can buy in as co-owners. “It was a pretty natural pairing to think of this as our enterprise, collectively,” says Andy Jones, the farm’s manager. “Consumer cooperatives were created to benefit the people who are patronizing them. We don’t run the farm in order to make a profit or because it’s a charitable enterprise, we operate the farm in order to benefit the members.” This focus on service over profit gives the 30-year-old farm literal and emotional buy-in from community members. Intervale’s CSA serves around 600 households in the summertime; of these customers, 340 are co-op members and partial owners of the farm. This makes them “totally committed to the farm, in part because the farm is totally committed to them,” Jones says. Because of this collaborative ownership, Intervale calls on its members for decision-making and support, from raising funds for new greenhouses to sticking with the farm through difficult seasons. When Hurricane Irene devastated the Northeast, “we lost all of our crops, and yet we had a ton of community support,” Jones says. Because Intervale had fostered a cooperative identity, CSA

members stayed with the farm through its season of shortage. That same year, Diggers’ Mirth Collective Farm next door also suffered; the farmers managed to earn a small profit—enough to net each farmer the equivalent of $5 an hour. It wasn’t much, but had the farm been structured in a typical hierarchy, the owner would have already paid out the labor and been left to bear the losses alone. “In our case, as bad as it was, no one was in debt,” says Dylan Zeitlyn, one of the founders of the worker-owned farm. “We were more resilient because of [our model]—it could have bankrupted somebody.” As Igoe sees it, all farmers would benefit from adopting a cooperative model, sharing resources and responsibilities with other like-minded food producers. For their part, Solidarity rents land from the Pauma Band of Luiseño Indians, who are also farmers, and works with the tribe to steward Native land. They’ve invited other tenants to share this stewardship; today Solidarity operates alongside growers of sunflowers, apples, sprouts, and indigenous cover crop seeds. Igoe, Cavasos, and the other tenants share chores, such as watering and making deliveries, as well as resources from tractors to water. Jones of Intervale Community Farm is surprised that more CSA programs haven’t adopted a consumer cooperative model. “I think it’s partly because co-ops are unfamiliar in the U.S., which is not the case in Latin America, Europe, Japan, and [elsewhere].” Mai Nguyen agrees. “I find that [among] people who come from countries where co-ops were developed and supported by the government, they’re more likely to develop,” Nguyen says. In their work with cooperatives, Nguyen has found that immigrant and refugee communities formed the most successful cooperatives.

Quality Angus, Hereford, and Balancer Bulls Available For Spring Delivery

UPCOMING VIDEO SALES: Thursday, May 30th, Cottonwood, CA Consignment Deadline: May 21st

Monday-Wednesday July 8-10 Nugget Resort & Casino, Reno, NV Catalog Deadline: June 20th

Market your cattle with the professionals! Steve Lucas • Paradise Valley • (775) 761-7575 Mark Venturacci • Fallon • (775) 427-8713 Gary Nolan • Elko • (775) 734-5678

Watch and Listen to the sale on the web at...


Deep Creek Mountain Genetics - Callao, Utah at (435) 693-3133

For details please call our office at 530-347-3793or email us at Look for the catalog and pictures on our web site:   THE NEVADA RANCHER – MAY 2019 39

How My Son Inspired Me By Norma Elliott Did he really just send me a snapchat with the time 3:17 a.m. “ What, you should be asleep? Son, go back to bed!” Is what I thought. This wasn’t the first time he had sent it either. The picture was, as many times before, a shot of the arena, with his horse’s mane right down the middle. Up and at it. I thought I got up early at 5:30, but he beat me to it and was already at work. He wasn’t the only one sometimes in the picture. Another one of his teammate’s from the Texas Tech Ranch Horse Team, was there as well. The team had made a decision that they were going to win Nationals. I hadn’t seen dedication like this in awhile. Now, I know it’s out there everywhere. Teams of all sorts working to accomplish a goal. As I spoke to him each time, he would make a comment about how much they had all improved. It actually made me want to do better. I could see what it was doing for him and I desired the same dedication within myself. I got up a little earlier, read first thing, spent a little more time keeping my focus in my prayer time and really trying to listen to what God was saying. I also started working out and writing more consistently….Lord knows I need the practice!! Have you ever noticed when you get around people that inspire you, that it changes the way you feel. Your focus goes off of being tired and switches to what you can do and who you can help. You feel rejuvenated!! You look forward to the next time, you begin to see results. You see results in your horse. My husband always tells me when you stop learning something on your horse, it’s time to get off. It may not be a horse that you are looking to see results in or a team that has a

common goal in mind. It might be something totally different. It may be to lose weight, getting your finances under control,or getting better at your craft. Whatever you are working towards, maybe like me you just need a little motivation, a little inspiration. 1. Get Around Someone Who Inspires You: I saw what it did for me. Inspiring people are contagious, whether it’s a mentor, a coach, a friend, or even your own son. I found that even on days when I struggled, an inspirational person is a phone call away. 2. Daydream: Sometimes I forget to do this but when I do, I feel more on track, focused more on the big picture. When used the right way, our imagination is a gift from God. Just take a ride out to the pasture, a walk with a journal to record your thoughts, or go for a drive. If you don’t allow yourself to have a little alone time, you can quickly fall into the work all the time zone. I like to work, it makes me feel good. If I’m not careful I forget about the gift of rest and daydreaming. Use them time to recall how someone has inspired you. What can you do that will make that same influence for someone else? 3. Write It Down and Set A Date: Inspiration can quickly get lost if we don’t put some action with it. It’s good to write down some goals that go along with our new found inspiration. I also believe it needs to be specific and measurable. My son inspired me to go for my goals. One of those goals was to build more muscle because I was starting to ache each time I got off my horse. I put on my calendar specific strength workouts for my core and legs. I also alternated days with specific stretches so my knees wouldn’t cramp up after hours in the saddle. You’ve probably heard this saying, “We don’t plan to fail, we fail to plan” ….how many of us can say, “AMEN!”. 4. Read: The people I admire the most and have learned the most from, are readers. That’s probably why they are so good at what they do. They never stop being a student. Just like when I’m learning something each time I ride, I also need to be learning something everyday of my life. Reading teaches, inspires and furthers our education. 5. Practice: Nothing beats practice, and implementing what I learn. A Craig Cameron video does not make me a horseman. I have to practice and practice. Just like those 3:17 a.m. snapchats. …..well maybe I won’t get up that early, but consistent practice will help us reach our goals. My workout goal made more than riding easier, I found it made me more productive throughout my day.

Galatians 6:9 ESV “And let us not grow weary of doing good, for in due season we will reap, if we do not give up.” So what was the result of the teams practices? Because of their dedication, and hauling to clinicians to improve their horsemanship, …………….they won Nationals! And here they are… really does pay off!


Thank ya’ll for reading, thecowboypastorswife

Pershing County 4-H host livestock judging competition By Raegan Burrows Special to the Rancher

On March 30, 2019, the Persh-ing County 4-H hosted a livestock judging competition in Lovelock. Thirteen members from four Nevada counties participated in the activity. The participants judged feeder lambs, aged ewes, market goats, and two groups of beef cattle. The participants were: Haley Duke – Senior (Churchill Coun-ty), Richard Gomez – Senior (Churchill County), Leeann McNeff – Senior (Pershing Coun-ty), Raegan Burrows- Intermedi-ate (Pershing County), Ella Buz-zetti - Intermediate (Elko Coun-ty), Aubree Flouer – Intermedi-ate (Churchill County), Kaitlin Goings – Intermediate (Churchill County), Bodie Parsons – Inter-mediate (Lyon County), Jeramiah Prinz – Intermediate (Churchill County), Jade Buzzetti – Junior (Elko County), Lauran Goings – Junior (Churchill County), Anna-marie Uhart – Junior (Pershing County) and Lane Buzzetti - Clo-ver Bud (Elko County). For each age division, there were prizes awarded for the top three challengers. Overall high-point senior was Leeann McNeff followed by Haley Duke and Richard Gomez. For the intermediate division, Ella Buzzetti and Raegan Bur-rows tied for first-place high-point exhibitor with Kaitlin Goings coming in second place and Jeramiah Prinz receiving hird place. For the Junior Division, Jade Buzzetti won 1st place for high-point exhibitor followed by Lau-ran Goings and Annamarie Uhart. The Pershing County Live-stock club is also preparing for the annual Pershing County Junior Livestock show which will be held on May 5, 2019. Twenty 4-H members are training and feeding their animals daily in preparation for the event. The show will exhibit beef cattle, pigs, lambs and goats; and for the first time ever some local members will present turkeys. The show will begin at 9am at the 4-H Build-ing in Lovelock, Nevada. For more information, please contact Joshua Mckinney (775) 2732923

Courtesy Photo: Annie Uhart looks on as she judges.

Courtesy Photo: Lane Buzzetti, Ella Buzzetti, Raegan Burrows and Jade Buzzetti.


Financing Available. Great rates for New and Used Equipment! 2019 MF Hesston WR9980, w/ 9296 Header������ Starting at $181,000

SMITH VALLEY GARAGE Wellington, Nevada (775) 465-2287

2019 Massey Hesston 2270, 3x4 Baler, Made in the USA! ����� Starting at $138,000.

Windrowers 2005 Hesston 9240, S/N 2133 ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� $41,200 2018 MF Heston WR9980 with 9295 Rotary Header, S/N 4339/4328 ��������������������$170,000 2019 MF Hesston WR9970 with 9295 Rotary Header, s/n 3147/4183 ��������������������$170,000

Tractors 2018 MF GC Compact Tractors,4WD������������������������������������������������ Starting at $14,000 2019 MF1726EHL 4WD Tractor with Loader� ����������������������������������� Starting at $19,000 2019 MF1740M, 4WD, Premium Tractor, s/n 3706� ������������������������������������������������� $26,900 2019 MF GC Compact Tractor, 4WD with loader� ����������������������������� Starting at $18,000

Big Balers 2009 Hesston 2190, S/N 1295 4x4 Baler ������������������������������������������������������������������ $41,000 2006 Hesston 4790, 3x4 Baler, s/n 4160������������������������������������������������������������������� $36,000 2006 Challenger LB34 Baler, s/n 4231� �������������������������������������������������������������������� $37,600

Small Balers 2019 Hesston 1844s��������������������������������������������������������������������������� Starting at $67,000

Rakes H&S HDII overhead 17 wheel (new), ready to go������������������������������������������������������ $29,000


MASON VALLEY EQUIPMENT Yerington, Nevada (775) 463-2442


2016 Case IH Farmall 110 U 93 hp, CAB, MFD, 250 Hrs., loader ready ........................ CALL 2014 CaseIH Magnum 235CVT, 1700 hrs, 195 hp, GPS, Luxury cab.........................…..$134,000 Case IH 9260 Steiger, 265 PTO HP, 4 Wheel Steer, 1000 PTO, Powershift .................. $34,000

2014 Magnum 280CVT, 235 PTO HP, GPS, suspended axle, 380R54, 1400 hrs ......... $167,033 2014 Magnum 310 FPS, 265 PTO HP, 2300 hrs., 480/80R50 duals .............................. $134,444 1994 Case IH Maxxum 5250, 2wd, rebuilt engine ............................................................ $37,500

2014 CaseIH Magnum 260CVT, 1200 hrs, 215 hp, GPS, Luxury cab........................……$140,000 MISCELLANEOUS Landpride RCR3510, rotary cutter 10 ft……........................................................................$4,000 Koenig 450 Subsoiler, 5 shanks, steel wheels, hitch……...................................................$17,263 CaseIH RMX 790 Disk, 14ft Stubble, 32” Blades ...............................................................$39,390 Parma 15 ft. Double Roller, Hydraulic Lift, Gooseneck Hitch .......................................... $19,096 Case IH 530C, Ecolotiger, One Pass Til age, 5 Shanks .................................................. $39,590

Horsch MT-15 Joker, 3pt, high speed disc, 13’4” working width….................................…$31,770

Great Plains 18 ft, TurboMax, Hydraulic Adjustable Turbo Coulters ................................ $52,172 Kuhn SR112 Rakes - 3 Left ................................................................................. $2,800 to $4,600 Great Plains 1500 Notil Dril with center pivot hitch…......................................................…Rental Elston GA800 Heavy Duty, Gopher Kil er ........................................................................... $4,725 Koenig Finish Ripper with Wings, Rear Crumbler, Hitch ................................................... $18,995 Koenig Ring Rollers, 14 and 16 foot, In Stock .................................................................. CALL Blanket Harrows,1/2 inch to 3/4 inch Tines, In Stock ........................................................ CALL Kuhn VT168 Vertical Mixer, left and right discharge, 760 cu.ft. capacity .......................... $54,000

Spring is in the air and so are the allergens. Call Sierra Air for your Spring cleaning.





t cle any r ven mbined withservice. e y r o d f c o s e de ot b time inclu /31/19. Cannnt coupon at

se s5 Expire er. Must pre ff o r e th o

6 2 5 - 1 6 5 4 SEVERAL NO INTEREST FINANCING PLANS AVAILABLE o.a.c.or low interest in-house financing plans available with no credit application needed. NV 24522 • CA 652354 • MHD-A0073

Bottari & Associates Realty rights out of Smith Creek. Great homesite already carved out of the hill above the meadows with well and trees planted. On county maintained road approx.. 30 miles out of Elko. Price: $700,000. Paul D. Bottari, Broker E-mail: paul@bo� • Bus. 775-752-3040 • Res. 775-752-3809 Ranch properties now available through Bottari and Associates Realty • Fax 775-752-3021 • 122 8th Street • P.O. Box 368 • Wells, NV 89835


Antelope Peak Ranch


Smith Creek Property, Jiggs, Nevada

5,300 deeded plus BLM permit attached to ranch. 5 center pivot’s irrigating approx. 583 acres plus another 28 acres with surface water rights out of large spring. Three homes plus shop and other outbuildings. 1 land owner Elk Tag. This Elko Co. ranch offered.

220 deeded acres with approx. 126 with surface water rights out of Smith Creek. Great homesite already carved out of the hill above the meadows with well and trees planted. On county maintained road approx. 30 miles out of Elko.

Price: $3,900,000.

Price: $600,000.

Elko Area River Property with Water Rights

650 deeded acres of which approximately 300 acres have surface water rights out of the Humboldt. Humboldt River splits it. Access at the Ryndon Exit. Price: $950,000

Need More Ranch Listings BOTTARIREALTY.COM

Market Report Fallon Livestock LLC Fallon, Nevada

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

126-210 avg


171-171 avg

143-330 avg

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb.

700-800 lb. 103-130 113-176.50 144-160 avg avg 141-160 102-118 131-135 avg avg avg Top cow: 1,395 lbs (avg. 74)

Slaughter Cattle 67-72 Butcher Bulls

800+ lb.

Breakers (Fat Cows)


123-130.50 avg 125-125 avg

Boners (Med. Flesh)


Shelly Bulls

No test

Cutters (Lean)


Cutter Bulls


Shelly Cutters (Thin)

No test

Top Bull


April 16th, 2019 sale; volume: N/A. Single, small-framed or plainer cattle 30 to 65 less than top offering.

Stock Cattle by Weight

Cattlemen’s Livestock Marketing Galt, Calif.

Shasta Livestock Auction Yard, Cottonwood, Calif.

7 Rivers Livestock Commission Emmett, ID

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb. #1 quality

400-500 lb. #1 quality


180-217 145-187

N/T Pairs: no test

500-600 lb. #1 quality 140-185 135-171

600-700 lb. #1 quality 140-176 130-152

Slaughter Cattle 700-800 lb. #1 quality N/T N/T

800+ lb. #1 quality

Boner Cows



Breaker Cows Cutter Cows

42-52 30-42



April 10, 2019 sale; volume 770. Market notes:Compared to the previous week slaughter cattle steady. Compared to the previous week feeder cattle under 600 lbs. were steady. Compared to the previous week feeder cattle over 600 lbs. were steady

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

160-224 N/T

175-208 155-181

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 167- one set 150-200 150-177


700-800 lb. N/T N/T

800+ lb.

High yielding

N/T 119-129

Medium yielding Low yielding

Slaughter Cattle 60-68.50 Bulls


45-66 N/T

Results from April, 19th, 2019 sale; volume 511. Market notes:Weigh-up cows steady to $2 higher. Feeder cattle steady to $10 higher on 5 and 6 weight heifers. Off lots and singles $25 to $50 below top.

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

166.15-169 avg 152.90-156

153-162.50 138.71-147

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 152.10142.10-149 167.50 138.85123.65-136.50 147 Pairs, Older 1,050-1,400

700-800 lb.

800+ lb.

High Yielding

Slaughter Cattle 65.50-71.50 Bulls



Medium Yield



110.50--125 Thin Cows



Bred Heifers N/T

Results from April 16 th​, 2019 To consign or other questions call the office @ 208-365-4401 Sale every Tuesday at high noon.

Stock Cattle by Weight

Producers Livestock, Salina, Utah

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

500-600 lb.

600-700 lb.

700-800 lb.

800+ lb.









117.50-161 104-149



Bred Cows: No Test

Commercial/Utility Cows

Slaughter Cattle 56.50-65.75 Cutting Bulls Slaughter Bulls



Heiferettes: No Test

April 16​1h​, 2019; volume: 980 The figures on this report are computer generated from “The Hottest Sale in the West” at Producers Livestock in Salina, UT. Notes: For great service contact the Salina Producers Auction at (435) 529-7437. For current market information call 435-529-7437.

Producers Livestock, Vale, Ore.

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.





Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 154-181 149-160 133-158


700-800 lb. 132-141

800+ lb. 126-131



Butcher Cows – bulk Shelly Cows Thin

Slaughter Cattle 57-67 Butcher Bulls 48-56

Older-BM Pairs Stock Cows Older N/T Heiferettes: 72-87 935-1160 April 17​th​, 2019 Volume: 760 Feeder/Calf Market steady to higher with good demand. Slaughter cows and culls $2-3 higher. Questions about the market and/or to consign, call Producers Livestock, Vale Oregon, at (541) 473-3136



Auction Directory Get the most up-to-date market reports by visiting these websites NEVADA Nevada Livestock Marketing LLC Sale every Wednesday 1025 North Allen Road, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 423-7760 Fax: (775) 423-1813 • Fallon Livestock LLC Sale every Tuesday 2055 Trento Lane, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 867-2020 Fax: (775) 867-2021 • Superior Livestock Auction Load-lots of cattle sold via satellite and the Internet Northern Nevada

Representative Allie Bear (775) 738-8534

CALIFORNIA Shasta Livestock Auction Yard Sale every Friday Cottonwood, California Office: (530) 347-3793 Fax: (530) 347-0329 • Cattlemen’s Livestock Market Sale every Wednesday 12495 E. Stockton Blvd., Galt, California Office: (209) 745-1515

IDAHO Producers Livestock Marketing Assn.

11 South 100 West, Jerome, Idaho Office: (208) 324-4345 Cattle auction every Tuesday; dairy auction every-other Wednesday • Treasure Valley Livestock Auction Beef sale every Friday; General sale every other Saturday 1901 E. Chicago, Caldwell, Idaho Office: (208) 459-7475; (800) 788-4429 • Twin Falls Livestock Commission Office: (208) 733-7474 630 Commercial Ave. Twin Falls, ID

OREGON Producers Livestock Marketing Sale every Wednesday P.O. Box 67, Vale, Oregon Office: (541) 473-3136 • Central Oregon Livestock Auction Sale Every Monday 3457 S.W. Hwy. 97 Madras, Oregon Office: (541) 475-3851 www.centraloregonlivestock



Livestock Auction Services SALE EVERY WEDNESDAY! Jack Payne, Mgr.: 775-217-9273 Carey Hawkins: 208-724-6712 Office: 775-423-7760


Friday 10:00am

2055Trento Lane, Fallon, NV 89406 (775) 867-2020 - Fax (775) 867-2021 - Email


Tommy Lee, Owner (775) 741-4523 office (775) 217-2259

SALE @NV Rancher Magazine Follow us on Facebook and Instagram for exciting giveaways, conversation and more!

May 16, 2019 Video Auction Catalog Deadline May 6 May 30, 2019 Video Auction Consignment Deadline May 20 June 12, 2019 Corn Belt Classic XXI Consignment Deadline May 29



Summer Travel Guide

Desolate Ranch Wife Commentary by Jolyn Young

Summer is approaching, and all ranch folks know what that means: weeds, flies, and road trips. If you’re in the mood to throw a suitcase in the pickup and hit the highway, here are a few words of wisdom – or something – about a few Western destinations. To help out my fellow traveler, I took a cue from Dave Barry (motto: “I love mottoes”) and compiled this fictitious (please don’t sue me, city of Tonopah) travel guide.

Elko, Nevada Motto: “Our streets are more rutted than yours.” Come experience the real Wild West, as it applies to eating at one of the many delicious and smoke-filled casino restaurants, playing the slots while grocery shopping, and hanging out with miners at the laundromat. Local buckaroo sightings featured in town every payday.

Jordan Valley, Oregon Motto: “If there’s more to life than horse roping and Basque food, we don’t know about it yet.” This comatose little town in eastern Oregon is a dead spot for cell phone service but THE place to be the third weekend of May, which brings the famous Jordan Valley Big Loop Rodeo, and a mysteriously scheduled weekend in September, which brings the Owyhee Rope ‘N Ride. The legendary parties of JV are true, so bring a tipi (the two motels in town will be sold out, guaranteed) and your party shoes and have a good time. Montague, California Motto: “Weed has the college, Yreka has the Walmart, but we have the roping arena.” In this quaint rural town, you can buy fuel (including diesel!), eat at one of the one downtown restaurants, or mail a letter. Make a day of it and do all three. Bozeman, Montana Motto: “We hate Californians.” In this beautifully built college town, you can eat some truly terrible Mexican food, some truly delicious sushi (fried chicken rolls available) and fly fish within miles of the city limits. Budget tourist packages consist of driving around local communities and taking pictures of multi-million dollar vacation homes. Bison burger lunches provided; bring your own camera. Tonopah, Nevada Motto: “Not nearly as cool as the Dave Stamey song makes it sound. Sorry.” In this run-down desert town, visitors can eat at Burger King, view the grandeur of old hotels and buildings built during the mining boom many decades ago, or try not to look at the falling-down corrals and decrepit trailer houses in the outskirts known as “Horse Poop Acres.” (Edited version.) Tombstone, Arizona Motto: “Wyatt Earp lives! He’s just on meth with the rest of the population.” A mere 15 miles from Mexico (as the crow flies. As the crow drives, it’s about 40 miles down the interstate and through the Border Patrol checkpoint), T-stone offers visitors the unique opportunity to stroll down wooden sidewalks, buy a t-shirt that reads “I’ll Be Your Huckleberry,” and eat an ice cream cone while watching a gunfight. Editor’s note: the $2 margaritas are mixed 50/50 and significantly raise the ratings for the entire town. If this doesn’t inspire you to grab a change of underwear and your toothbrush, crank over the diesel engine and hit the interstate, you can always settle for the at-home cowboy vacation: buy a jug of Carlo Rossi and watch Lonesome Dove. Both discs.


The Next Generation

All In A Day’s Ride

A couple years back, I sat down to do a little writing, I was searching in my computer for something to write about. I realized that I had a whole lot of stored stuff in it. Some of it good, some of it not so good, (things I didn’t dare share with anyone) but it was all there. My problem is, mine is an older model and I’m finding it is not as quick or fast as it used to be. The kid down the street told me, I had to much stored stuff, probably Commentary by used up my Gigabits? What ever the hell that means? I should delete a David W. Glaser lot of stuff. Well Kid, this computer doesn’t have a delete button. Think about it, the computer I’m talking about is my brain, which brings up this subject. What am I going to do with all these, experiences, knowledge, adventures and truths that I have learned? Can’t put it on a thumb drive, is it going to just dissolve in to dust? I made an Executive decision right there, I was going to share, pass on as much information I could to anyone who would listen. I started with the ol boys at the coffee shop, got about as much satisfaction as I would trying to deworm a cat. They had been there, done that, knew it all, not interested! Then I realized I was talking to the wrong generation. Thus, began my adventure with the Next Generation, the young eager to learn, filled with desire to learn ones. My goal is to share the western heritage, the traditions, the cattleman, the cowboy, the horseman and the equine competition way. I soon gathered a small group of eager listeners. I tell them, you all have what I call a tool box, I’m going to be giving you tools to put in that box. From time to time you can reach into that tool box and pull out a tool to use. Things like, what can I do to make my horse like me, why is that horse laying down when the rest are standing and eating. Feel your horse, read the cow. Where are you going to push on the cow to move it through the gate? The list goes on and on. I am very pleased with this young group that is growing and feeding off each other. I overheard an older member tell a “Newbe”, “It is not good to drag you cinch in the dirt, you can give your horse a fungus.” It happened I was getting really busy and needed a helper saddling, exercising and working with the horses. One young girl stood out; her biggest asset was her desire to learn. She was a descent rider, but her biggest bad habit was a heavy hand and a whole lot of spur. She came from a rural family, where she had a couple horses, and raised sheep and a couple 4-H steers. She had competed in 4-H and some local shows and was competitive. We started working on horsemanship, slowly but surely, we started getting rid of the “Jerk & Spur”. Next thing I know she is loping a perfect circle with no hands on the reins. I had a fairly good barrel horse and she had competed in barrels on her ol Paint, so we started working on getting her ready run my horse. As she was still in high school, we entered her in a two go race. I have to tell this cute story as she told it to me. I was at a cutting and couldn’t go to the race, told her to call me, let me know how it went. First call, so excited, “We ran a 17.8, placed in the go.” Second call, “You are not going to believe this, we ran a 17.2, I have never run that fast in my life.” I asked, “what was your best time on your paint?” She said, “I ran a 24.6 on him.” “Knock a barrel over?” I asked. “No, they were all still standing.” She replied. She started out part time at the Deer Horn Ranch and is now full time. She has been showing cutting horses for two years and has won several year-end buckles competing in youth and NCHA classes. Her goals are to become an accomplished horse woman and get a degree in Finance. Her name is Aleita Falen, she is the niece of John and Sharon Falen, who ranch in Orovada, Nevada. It is a real great feeling to see the results of passing on my information to the Next Generation. It’s all in a Day’s Ride! David W Glaser Contact David to purchase his book or call 208-989-5404 Pictured: Alethia cutting on Cat Purry


American AgCredit offers leasing with no money down and 100% financing, freeing your working capital to get the absolute most out of your money.

Call 800.800.4865 today or visit A part of the Farm Credit System. Equal Opportunity Lender.

Over 25 Years Experience Serving Northern Nevada! Custom Aerial Applica�on • Herbicide • Fungicide • Seeding 775-272-3365 • 775-623-1634 or contact Mike: 775-304-1958

Orovada, Nevada

• Fer�lizer • Insec�cide • Spike

Millions discover their favorite reads on issuu every month.

Give your content the digital home it deserves. Get it to any device in seconds.