January 2019 Nevada Rancher Magazine

Page 1

Oldest Independent Livestock Monthly in Nevada $2.00


Herd Health and Doctoring


Volume XLIX, Number 1

Inside: Trich Testing BVD-Prevention and Treatment Hero Feature: Dick Swisher


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The Nevada Rancher (ISSN 0047-9489) (USPS #003-257) Published monthly at Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445 Call us toll free at (866) 644-5011 Periodical Postage Paid at Winnemucca, 89445

We have been receiving quite a bit of moisture in Northern Nevada. We even had a white Christmas! Feeding cows has been in full swing for sometime now, which of course includes sledding behind the feed truck. Our staff will be at the upcoming January events, New Year’s Eve Bulls- Broncs-and Barrels Bash (Winnemucca) , Red Bluff Bull and Gelding Sale and The National Cowboy Poetry Gathering (Elko). The Nevada Rancher Magazine has some big things planned for the upcoming year. Suggestions and comments are always welcomed. As we gear up for bull sale season, I hope your travels are safe. I pray your mountain ranges stay snow-packed and your boots stay dry. Here’s to a prosperous and healthy 2019. I hope you enjoy this issue. -Ashley

Publisher, Peter Bernhard Editor, Ashley Buckingham Staff Writer, Jennifer Whiteley Contributors, Heather Smith Thomas, Michelle Cook, David Glaser, Sarah Hummel, Norma Elliot, and Eric Holland Sales Representative Ashley Buckingham Office Manager, Tracy Wadley

Cover Photo: Currently, the BQA Program is voluntary, but there is a push from packers to require the fed cattle purchased from BAQ-certified feedyards. This will trickle down to the cow-calf and stocker producers. Photo by: Jennifer Whiteley

Production Manager, Joe Plummer Graphic Designer, Emily Swindle The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for statements by advertisers nor products advertised within, and The Nevada Rancher does not assume responsibility for opinions expressed in articles submitted for publication. The publisher reserves the right to accept or reject advertising or editorial material submitted for publication. Contents in The Nevada Rancher may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including, but not limited to original contents and original composition of all ads (layout and artwork) without prior written permission. Subscription rate: $16.00 per year.

POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: The Nevada Rancher, Winnemucca Publishing, 1022 S. Grass Valley Road, Winnemucca, NV 89445



Cartoon by Erik Holland

In this issue: Bovine Respiratory Disease in Cow-Calf Herds pg 10 Trich: Should NV make Trich testing mandatory for all producers in state? pg 14 Hero: Dick Swisher pg 18 WinECup Ranch: Outcome based grazing pg 22

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Interested in having your item featured as part of our Ranch Journal? Only $25 per month! Contact Ashley Buckingham at (775) 304-8814


Hello from Cow County By Sam Mori President, NV Cattlemen’s Assoc.

Happy New Year! I want to wish everyone the best in every way as we enter 2019. It is always exciting to look forward to a new year and the prospects and potential of our ideas and dreams. We are so very fortunate to be in a business that is full of wonderful people that have the ability to produce food and fiber in a variety of conditions and challenges and do it better than anywhere in the world. We will be working with a new congress, a new Governor and a new legislator in Carson City, NV as we start the New Year. Your Association will be engaging with the entire political community to make sure our interests, concerns, and needs are known and addressed. It is important to hear from you should you feel something needs to be brought forward. Remember, we in leadership of the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association work for you, our valued and appreciated members. We want to thank everyone that sent cattle to the Silver State Classic Calf and Feeder Sale last month. This sale is a major fundraiser for our Association as a portion of the commission comes to us. Thank you to Fallon Livestock, LLC for entering this agreement with us. Your consignments are greatly appreciated and needed. The Fallon Bull Sale is coming up in February and is also a fundraiser for the Association, should you be needing bulls.

Your membership is the single most important asset this Association has. I cannot express how valuable your membership is to our industry. Thank you to all of our members, make an effort to check on anyone you feel should join us in a unified effort to promote and defend this great industry! Change has been made in the Sage Grouse Plan as the BLM has rolled out its revised Environmental Impact Statement. Some of the things we have asked for are included and it will take time to see the results, learn what is working and what needs to be changed. One of the things we continually tell the agencies is as a mistake is identified, lets make the necessary changes to not repeat the same mistake again. As we look into the future, there lies plenty of concern around the amount of protein in supply worldwide. Tonnage of the beet, pork, and chicken are totaling record levels. We have been encouraging our elected officials to keep this in mind as they work on the Farm Bill and Trade negotiations. Demand for our product is excellent and it is important we keep moving it to the American beef hungry consumer all around the world. Well my friends, I know you are all busy and I appreciate your taking the time to read this article. I look forward to the new year and the relationships and opportunities we are so fortunate to experience. Till Next Time, Sam Mori President, Nevada Cattlemen’s Association

Successful Convention Held in Winnemucca By Kaley (Sproul) Chapin NCA Executive Director

On November 15-17, 2018 NCA members and affiliates joined together from across the state to participate in the 83rd Annual Nevada Cattlemen’s Association (NCA) Convention held at the Winnemucca Convention Center in Winnemucca, Nevada. If you attended, I am sure you would agree that it was a great way to be updated on current issues affecting our industry, attain new contacts and enjoy good company that shares similar views. This joint convention brought together Cattlemen, CattleWomen, Woolgrowers resulting in the highest number of convention attendees in Winnemucca. Next year’s convention will be held in Elko, NV on November 21-23, 2019 be sure to mark your calendars! Throughout the three days of the convention, committee meetings took place to discuss issues of importance and to establish policy. Various educational, informative and inspirational sessions were also held to benefit attendees, these sessions included the Inspirational speech by Jay Hill, QuickBooks by Cassi Johnson, Cattlemen’s College by Tamzen Stringham of UNR, two sessions regarding fire with a panel of professionals, CattleFax presentation by Troy Bockelmann, and a session regarding Trichomoniasis regulations in Nevada. Some of the other guest speakers included Deputy Director Timothy Williams, Office of External Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior, Ethan Lane, Executive Director of the Public Lands Council and the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association Federal Lands, Senator Pete Goicoechea and members of various agencies. According to the people who attended these sessions, they felt it was successful, worthwhile and most of all beneficial. The association tradeshow was filled this year with great businesses and agencies that support and enhance our industry. The association would like to thank the following trade show participants: American AgCredit, Bayer Animal Health, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Boss Tanks, Inc., CowBoss Liquid Feeds, Greenway Seeds, Intermountain Farmers Association, Kirby Mfg. Inc., Knipe Land Company, Laird Manufacturing, Liphatec, Inc., Moly Mfg., Inc./SILENCER, MWI Animal Health & Micro Technologies, Multimin, Nevada Beef Council, Nevada Department of Agriculture, North-West Livestock Supplements LLC, New York Life, Pacific Intermountain Mortgage, Pinenut Livestock Supply, Powder River, Pro Group Management, Scales Unlimited, Inc., Scales NW L.L.C., Simplot, Society for Range Management, The Nevada Rancher Magazine, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, UNR College of Agriculture, Biotechnology, Natural Resources, U. S. Fish & Wildlife Service, USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services, USDA Farm Service Agency, USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, W S R Insurance, and Y2 Consultants, LLC. Thank you again for your continued support of the association


and industry. The Nevada Cattlemen’s Association would like to thank the committee chairs for their dedication and hard work in putting on the committee meetings. Preparation not only consists of reviewing retiring policy resolutions but it also includes presenting relevant information that pertains to the committee in which they are representing. Four committees held meetings at this year’s convention: Public Lands, Research & Education, Private Lands, Wildlife & Environmental Management, Legislative Affairs, and Animal Health & Livestock Issues. Along with reviewing and changing policy the lineup of speakers presenting at the committee meetings were very influential. These speakers were either NCA members or partners of the NCA working to achieve one goal, maintaining a successful Nevada Livestock Industry. The Nevada Cattlemen’s Association would also like to thank our generous sponsors for making this convention a success: Platinum Sponsors - AgriBeef/Performix Nutrition Systems, American AgCredit, Barrick, Laird Manufacturing, Newmont Mining, and Snyder Livestock Company, Inc., Bulls For The 21st Century. Gold Sponsors - Eide Bailly, Intermountain Embryonics, Liphatec, Inc., Merck Animal Health, Western Video Market, W S R Insurance, and Utah Wool Marketing Association. Silver Sponsors - Boehringer Ingelheim, McMullen McPhee & Co., LLC, Nevada Agricultural Foundation, Pinenut Livestock Supply, Inc., Resource Concepts, Inc., and Y 2 Consultants L.L.C. Door Prizes Contributed by Range Magazines, Big R Winnemucca, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Scales Unlimited. We encourage you to visit these businesses and thank them for their continued support of NCA and our industry. The Annual NCA Awards Banquet was held on Friday evening which allowed the leadership of the Association to celebrate those individuals in our industry who represent what this industry is really about. NCA President, Sam Mori, announced the 2018 Award recipients including the 100,000 Mile Club Award, Allied Industry Award, Teacher of the Year (presented by Sue Hoffman with the Nevada Agricultural Foundation), Cattleman of the Year Award and the Hall of Honor Award. We thank everyone who attended our convention and helped to make it another successful year. We look forward to working with each and every one of you throughout the year, and please feel free to contact the NCA office at 775-738-9214 with any suggestions, comments or concerns to help make next year’s convention just as successful if not better!

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Marie Stewart

Marie Stewart, 89 of Paradise Valley, Nevada passed away at home, with her children by her side last Thursday, December 13, 2018. Born 8/22/29 in Kemmerer Wyoming to Edna (Holmes) and Jack Jones, Marie joined her brother John Jr at home. The family moved to Winnemucca Nevada when Marie was 2. Her father Jack ran the stage between Winnemucca and Boise Idaho; and her mother, a registered nurse, became HGH’s first administrator. Marie and her brother attended school in Winnemucca. The family moved to Boise during Marie’s junior year to accommodate her father’s work schedule. There she finished school at Boise High School. She met and soon married Edwin Doolittle and moved to Quincy, California. The union produced two beautiful daughters, Debora and Darlene. Her marriage ended soon after, and she moved back to Winnemucca, where she worked for doctor’s offices and for local banks. It is there, where Marie caught the eye of a dashing young rancher named Leslie Stewart. He did his best to always be in her line at the bank, and when the moment was right, he presented her with a check good for one steak dinner if she would go out with him. She cashed the check and the couple married in March of 1959. They added their son Fred to the family in December of the same year. Leslie adopted Marie’s girls and the family was complete. While Les ran the ranch, Marie stayed busy on the home front, raising kids, a garden, cooking and still had time to serve as president of the Nevada Cowbells (Cattlewomen), as well as on the Humboldt County School Board and Paradise Valley Community Church. She and Leslie were instrumental in the Library of Congress project called BUCKAROOS IN PARADISE. As her children grew up and moved away, she and Leslie developed new interests including sailing. They took their boat to many places including Lake Tahoe and Lake Powell. They traveled but always landed at home on the ranch. They enjoyed their quiet life, and their dogs. They spent each summer with their eldest grandson Brad, and the three developed a strong and extraordinary relationship. Their son Fred with wife Kris built a home at the ranch and had the last and youngest of their grandchildren, Patrice Marie in 1997. Living only about 60 yards apart, Patrice and her grandparents were inseparable. She had daily tea parties with Les and Marie. After Leslie’s passing in 2006, and an unsuccessful back surgery, Marie’s life slowed down and she enjoyed quiet time at home with her dogs and family. Marie had dinner each night with Fred and his family and they kept up the tradition of morning coffee/ranch meeting for many years. For the past several years, Marie has been lovingly cared for in her own home by her daughter in-law Kris, Lisa Valerie, and an assortment of lovely ladies including Nancy Harper, Bianca Moran, Vicky Recanzone, Kathy and Ashley Buckingham, LaDawn, Nora Dornbush, and Shaylee Robertson. Her handyman and special friend Ken Furtado cared for her home, yard and pets and she appreciated his friendship very much as well. She was preceded in death by her parents, brother Johnny, husband of 47 years Leslie Stewart and grandson Paul Root. She is survived by her son Fred (Kris) Stewart, daughter Debora Stewart, daughter Darlene (Frank) Root; grandchildren Brad (Brenda) Kaser, Lana Olson, Frank (Felicia) Root, John (Sarah) Root, Amber Root (Blake) Farris, Jake (Candace) Root, Jennie Root (Briggs) Miller, and Patrice Marie Stewart, as well as 25 great grandchildren. Her services will take place on Friday December 21, at 11 am at the Paradise Valley Community Church in Paradise Valley Nevada. Burial next to her husband Leslie in the Paradise Valley cemetery will follow. A luncheon at the Paradise Valley Community Hall will follow. In lieu of flowers, the family requests donations to one of Marie’s favorite charities or to one of your own choosing. Joshua Rose Memorial Scholarship at Lowry High School -Wounded Warrior Project - Guide Dogs for the Blind - Paradise Valley Sports Complex, Gary Echevarria The Stewart family gratefully acknowledges Dr Shouping Li and the many friends and community members who helped us fulfill Marie’s wishes of being able to stay in her own home.


Kenneth (“KT”) Erwin Tindall

Kenneth (“KT”) Erwin Tindall age 65 passed away on December 13, 2018 at the family ranch in Grasmere. Ken was born on February 18, 1953 in Boise, Idaho. He was the fourth child of William I and Margaret Tindall. Ken attended schools in Bruneau and Owyhee, Nevada, but always maintained that the ranch in Grasmere was “home”. He also attended the College of Southern Idaho in Twin Falls. On March 17, 1982 he married Donna Brown in Mountain City, Nevada. Ken and Donna enjoyed their years on the ranch working, riding, trapping, and hunting. Ken and Donna later divorced but remained friends. Their daughter Kathrine “Katie” Jane was born in 1982. She was joined by her sister Eliza LeeAnn in 1987. Ken was involved in many Owyhee County organizations. He put in countless hours of service to Owyhee County as a member of the Owyhee County Posse beginning in the early 1990’s. He was a member of the Owyhee Cattlemen’s Association, serving as their President in 2002. He was also a member of the Owyhee County Fair Board for many years and was the current Vice-Chairman. The week at the Fair in August was always the highlight of his summer. Ken was also involved in the Head Start Program for several years. Ken was a “happy-go-lucky” friendly kind of guy. He always had a smile on his face, time to visit with a friend, or share a story about his life experiences with a group of strangers. Kenneth is survived by his daughters Katie (Justin) Owens of Riner, Virginia and Eliza (Weston) Jones of Owyhee, Nevada. Grandchildren Willow and Dresden Owens and Walter and Brogain Jones of Owyhee, Nevada. He is also survived by his sister Greta Tindall of Ash Fork, Arizona, and brothers Eugene (Mary) and David Tindall of Bruneau. Along with several nieces, nephews, and cousins. He was preceded in death by his parents, his sister-in-law Celia, and his ex-wife Donna. In lieu of flowers the family requests donations to The Owyhee County Sheriff’s Posse, PO Box 128 Murphy, Id 83650, The Bruneau Quick Response Unit, PO Box 294 Bruneau, Id 83604, The Bruneau Fire Department PO Box 246, Bruneau, Id 83604, or a favorite charity.

Heavenly Father, I pause, mindful of the many blessings You have bestowed upon me. I ask that You will guide me in my life. Help me, Lord, to live my life in such manner that when I make that last ride to the country up there, where the grass grows lush and the water runs cool, that You’ll take me by the hand and say, “Welcome home, your new trail begins here.”

Frank Bidart

Frank Ramon Bidart, entered this world on September 20, 1922, 4 weeks premature on the Upper Leonard Creek Ranch. He passed from this life 96 years later on November 17, 2018 with his family by his side. He was born to French and Spanish Basque immigrants, Michel Bidart and Francisca Montero Bidart. His first language was Spanish and when he started school in a one room school house on Leonard Creek Ranch, he was introduced to the English language. He attended elementary school with his brothers, sisters and cousins. They were a wild bunch that he described as a little “brushy”; they definitely were not city material. He was the first brother to attend high school in Winnemucca. He enjoyed his time in Winnemucca with his Aunt Petra Larragueta and Uncle Fermin watching over him. He made long lasting friends and always spoke of his time as the manager of the basketball team coached by Albert Lowry. After school, he went back to Leonard Creek where he helped with the cattle operation. He enjoyed his time away from the ranch visiting cousins and friends in California and Northern Nevada. In 1962, he moved to Soda Springs, Idaho, and managed the family ranch there. In 1963, he married the girl from Woodward Ranch that grew up around the mountain, Jo Bidart, and she then joined him in Soda Springs. While in Soda Springs, he made some long lasting and cherished friendships and endured many long and extremely cold winters. All three of their children, Frank, Andree and Robert, were born while on the ranch. The ranch was sold in 1971, and Frank and Jo decided to move their family across the state to Weiser, Idaho, where Frank worked for Howard and Ed Raney on a feedlot. Winnemucca and family kept drawing them home. In 1973, they moved back to Winnemucca, and he worked on farm machinery with his brothers, Louie and Leonard, at Bidart Brothers Machinery and helped at Leonard Creek when he could. Two heart bypass surgeries, a year apart, forced his retirement in 1983. He continued to spend time at the shop tinkering around on machinery until it was sold in 1985. The sale then took the Bidart Brothers on the road for a little more than 20 years to help various

ranchers get their equipment up and running. During his lifetime, Frank enjoyed many years of riding horseback in the mountains of Northern Nevada and Idaho and travelling through the backroads to go fishing and hunting. He loved helping, or maybe, more so supervising, at brandings and sheep markings and shearings, and volunteering with his brothers on the starting gates of the Mule Races. And, we can’t forget his good times serving steaks at Superior Livestock with the Dufurrena boys and his priceless time out at the Ranch with the Woodwards and the Nuffers. He chased kids to all their events and later did the same with grandkids, when he could. He spent an abundance of time with his best friends (his brothers) and enjoyed every opportunity to spend valuable time with family and good friends. He rarely missed a home Lowry basketball game. When he attended, you would find him seated at the top of the stands. He was honored numerous times. He received the Nevada Cattlemen’s 100,000 miles award, Ranch hand of the year with his brother, Louie, Honorary Buckaroo by Lowry High School, VIP of the Lowry High Basketball team, Grand Marshall of the Basque Festival, Grand Marshall of the Labor Day Parade, and was inducted into the Buckaroo Hall of Fame. He worked hard, he enjoyed good stories and laughter with family and friends, he loved unconditionally and most of all, he lived an amazing life with purpose. He was preceded in death by his brothers, David, Mitch, Louie, Leonard, and Maurice Bidart, his sister, Elise Ware, and his grandson, Joshua Rose. He is survived by his wife of 55 years, Jo Bidart, his sister, Josie Anderson, his sons, Frank (Tracy) Bidart, Robert (Kelly) Bidart, daughter Andree (Carl) Rose, his “son” David Elizondo, grandchildren Dylan and Ali Miller, Vinnie and Marissa Depaoli, Angelo Bidart and Elise Rose, great granddaughter, Brooklyn Depaoli, numerous nieces and nephews and numerous Bidart, Montero, Larragueta, Rauscher, Etchart, Etchegoyen, Urrutia and Esparza cousins. In lieu of flowers, the family has requested donations be made to Lowry High School for the Joshua Rose Memorial Scholarship, Acct 551, c/o Andree Rose, 3289 Great Basin Avenue, Winnemucca, Nevada 89445.


Bovine Respiratory Disease in Cow-Calf Herds Heather Smith Thomas Nevada Rancher Magazine

Often called pneumonia or shipping fever, bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is one of the most costly diseases for the livestock industry, especially in feedlot cattle, but it also can be a concern in cow-calf herds. Producers are always looking for better ways to prevent, diagnose and treat BRD. PREVENTION - Dr. Chris Chase, Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, South Dakota State University, says that when it comes to preventing pneumonia in young calves the first thing is make sure you are doing a good job immunizing the cow so she can provide good colostrum to her calf. “We want to make sure her colostrum has adequate antibodies for IBR, BVD and BRSV. These are still some of the biggest risks, whether we are talking about dairy calves or beef calves, so we want to be sure they get colostrum that contains antibodies that are specific for those diseases,”

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“One of the things we are learning is that when we try to booster heifers and cows with MLV vaccines to increase colostrum antibodies, the success isn’t all that great. Vaccinating at preg-check time or closer to calving with inactivated vaccines that have a little more antigen in them may actually be better in terms of improving the colostrum,” says Chase. Once the calves are born, it is crucial to make sure they are suckling and getting colostrum in a timely fashion. “Most cow-calf producers don’t use intranasal vaccines on baby calves, though it’s very common in dairies. I think it’s an ok practice, but unless a producer has a major problem with pneumonia in very young calves I don’t think it’s necessary. It’s usually fine to wait and give the calves their first vaccinations at branding age,” he says. If a producer is having a pneumonia problem in calves, it is important to get a veterinarian involved, to get an accurate diagnosis, to find out if it is caused by viruses like BRSV, bacteria like Mannheimia, or some other pathogen, to know what would be the best approach to combat BRD in that herd. “You have to know what you are dealing with. There are many recommendations about vaccination but if you don’t know what it is, you don’t know what to vaccinate against,” says Chase. You don’t want to just be shooting in the dark and vaccinating. “The less you have to vaccinate, the better, to let that calf’s immune system develop, before you start vaccinating. We’ve learned that most calves simply need a blackleg (clostridial 7-way or 8-way) vaccination at branding time, and maybe an intranasal viral vaccine if there’s history of a problem. If we know there’s a problem with Mannheimia we can vaccinate for that, at branding. But if that’s not a problem there is no sense in giving them that vaccine at that age,” he says. “We are trying to minimize the amount of stress on these calves. The important thing is to have the cows well vaccinated.” This is crucial for two reasons. The cow can then produce antibodies for the calf in her colostrum, and also she has good immunity herself and won’t be susceptible to transmission from her calf if you give the calves a vaccination while they are still on the cow. “We have seen some cases where people vaccinated the calves that were suckling poorly vaccinated cows, and the cows got sick. Any time you vaccinate the calves prior to weaning, there will be some exposure for their mothers, even though there isn’t a lot of shedding from the calves. We documented one case in North Dakota where the cows had poor vaccination history; they had received an inactivated vaccine only once or twice in their lifetime and maybe a few of them got modified-live virus vaccine at one time or another. The producers gave the calves MLV vaccine at weaning and then the calves went through a fence and got back in with the cows. About 25% of those cows aborted from IBR, from the vaccine

given to their calves,” he says. Most people are now doing a good job of vaccinating their heifers and young stock with a couple doses of MLV vaccine early on, to make sure they have a good immune response. “For any vaccine to work well, it has to generate antigenic mass. There must be enough virus there for the immune system to recognize. One of the reasons that MLV vaccines are relatively inexpensive, compared to killed vaccines, is that you are relying on the animal to be the MLV factory, utilizing the smaller dose in the MLV vaccine, to expand the virus enough for a good immune response. Thus it is important to vaccinate young cattle adequately, to build the immunity. That’s why we recommend vaccinating prior to weaning, and a few doses of MLV after weaning, to get immunity off to a Nasal discharge is one of the first signs of BRD. good start.” TREATMENT – Sometimes a calf develops BRD in spite of best efforts at Timing of vaccine in calves is important, however. It’s not a good prevention. “If we are dealing with bacterial pneumonia we will be using idea to vaccinate them during times of stress because the immune system antibiotics. Many producers today use something like Draxxin or one of can’t respond very well. There have been studies showing that high risk the other broad-spectrum antibiotics. It is important, however, to identify calves (that haven’t ever been vaccinated, or transported a long ways) should the pathogen so you have an idea what that particular pathogen would be not be vaccinated right off the truck. “It’s better to wait until they are past sensitive to, and you can pick the right antibiotic,” he says. These antibiotics that stress. In one study, they actually waited a month after the calves are only available by prescription from your veterinarian, so you should be arrived at the feedlot before vaccinating them, and didn’t see any difference working with your veterinarian on diagnosis. For viral pneumonia the best in morbidity (calves getting sick), and actually saw a reduction in mortality strategy is just supportive treatment—keeping the calf warm and dry, and compared to the calves that were vaccinated right away,” says Chase. hydrated. When cattle are stressed, it’s not a good time to vaccinate. “Home Some people are also using a product called Zelnate, made by Bayer. raised calves that are not being stressed as much can handle it better than “It is an immunomodulatory agent rather than an antibiotic. With respiratory calves that were recently weaned and transported. If you vaccinate highly disease, often it is not so much the pathogen that damages the lungs, but stressed calves with MLV, there is some inflammation that occurs with vaccithe over-response of the immune system. Even when the immune system is nation, and this can make things worse,” he says. suppressed by stress, it will still over-respond and this creates more inflam With high risk calves, some people use intranasal vaccines, and some mation. This is particularly true in already stressed animals. The stress turns use an immune-boosting product. “Stockmen always feel like they need to do something for these calves, and don’t really like the idea of waiting. But it actually pays to wait until they are over the stress, eating and drinking well, etc. and then vaccinate them. We know that dehydration is another risk factor, especially in cattle that are transported. This is one of the highest risk factors for BRD. Cattle are 4 times more likely to suffer respiratory 4320 W. Winnemucca Blvd. Winnemucca,NV 89445 disease if they are dehydrated,” he explains. 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on inflammation. This is why it’s better to wait and not vaccinate stressed animals,” says Chase. “What Zelnate does is allow the immune system to respond, but keeps it from going overboard. This can prevent the really bad fibrinous pneumonia that quickly damages the lungs. The calf might have seemed fine the day before and then you find it dead the next morning.” This is what producers call quick pneumonia. “When a necropsy is performed, the lungs look more like liver tissue. All of that fibrin is not from the bacteria but from the immune system’s overreaction,” he says. “Zelnate is labeled for use in feedlots (in calves 4 months of age or older), but some cow-calf producers have also used it off-label with success. It’s expensive, but can be helpful in certain situations. For instance, maybe it was really wet weather and bad conditions during calving season (with high risk for sickness in young calves), and the producer gave the calves this drug as a preventative. It’s not labeled for that, but as an immunomodulatory agent it can help. A veterinarian might suggest using it off-label for younger calves in certain situations,” he says. Supportive treatment is always beneficial. “There is a huge interaction between the gut and the respiratory system,” Chase says. If the gut is healthy and the calf is eating and drinking, the immune system is stronger and the calf is more able to handle challenges to the respiratory system. “Some studies have shown beneficial results when using probiotics, and others have shown not much benefit at all. This might depend on the situation and what that animal is eating and how much it is eating, but gut health and respiratory health do go together. Supportive therapies (keeping the animal hydrated, with adequate nutrition) are very important,” he says. “Calves are better off on higher fiber diets during stress and when they are sick, because high energy itself (such as a grain concentrate) can increase the inflammatory response. The young calf is on milk, however, which is a high energy source, but we try to keep him hydrated and pick the right antibiotic—depending on what the problem is.” There are many antibiotics available, with varying efficacies for various problems so it’s impossible to recommend one for any given thing. Diagnosis, and the individual situation, will determine what might be best in each case, along with good supportive treatment. This often means reversing dehydration. “If an animal is dehydrated, this will make pneumonia worse. Immune cells have to be able to move from point A to point B in the body, and if they can’t get there because there is not enough fluid, you have a serious problem.” Every function of the body depends on adequate fluid in and around the cells. Keeping the animal eating and drinking (and not dehydrated) is very important. “The immune response takes energy. If we have a calf that’s been on a long haul or brought in from a pasture, and it’s a little dehydrated when it gets vaccinated, we won’t have good results,” he says. Treatment for respiratory disease can also include medication to reduce pain, fever and inflammation. If the animal can keep eating and drinking because it feels better, it can fight off disease a lot better. “There are some types of oral aspirin and also a drug called Meloxicam that can be used in cattle as an anti-inflammatory. These types of treatment can be very beneficial,” says Chase. “We have learned a lot about the benefits of using anti-inflammatories. When an animal hasn’t eaten for a while and then suddenly loads up, the flora in the gut changes.” The microbe population differences depend on what type of feed the animal is eating, and the microbes produce various compounds themselves. Sometimes they produce compounds that are harmful, and if their cell walls are gram negative and a lot of those



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microbes die, they may release toxins that cause localized inflammation in the gut. “If that inflammation spills over into the rest of the animal’s body to cause an inflammatory response, this will have an effect on the lungs. These things are all tied together. Giving the animal some anti-inflammatory medication can be a help. The beauty of some of the oral products like the Meloxicam or the aspirin (versus Banamine which is injected) is that you are actually getting it into the area where it is needed, if there is some gut inflammation.” The Banamine can be helpful, however, in lung tissue. Supportive therapy is always helpful. “If we just pump antibiotics into these sick animals they may not do very well,” he says. The antibiotics may adversely affect the gut microbes, and the calf may need probiotics or even ruminal transplant (in an older calf) to get things back on track again. “We are seeing some pathogens more frequently today, such as Histophilus (Haemophilus somnus), which is a common bacterium, with a large proportion of cattle carrying antibodies to the organism,” says Chase. H. somni tends to be an opportunistic pathogen that complicates viral infection and increases the severity of infection with other bacterial agents. “This pathogen not only causes pneumonia but also ‘brainers’ and arthritis in cattle. We are seeing more of that, and the problem is that our current vaccines are not very efficacious for this bacterial infection. You want to get these animals diagnosed immediately because these infections can kill quite a few animals very quickly if you are not on top of it. This bacterium is very responsive to antibiotics if you treat it quickly enough,” he says. Another pathogen that give us problems today, because we don’t have a good vaccine is Mycoplasma bovis. “This is why it is important to have an accurate diagnosis because if some of those bugs are causing the problem, we want to make sure we are doing the right thing in terms of treatment.” It is important to work with a veterinarian and have an accurate diagnosis. “Now with the Veterinary Feed Directive, you can’t just put medication in the feed to treat the whole group (like in weaned calves or feedlot animals). So a producer needs to be very observant regarding what is going on in the herd and work closely with his/her veterinarian,” says Chase.

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Should Nevada make Trich testing mandatory for all producers in state? Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Winnemucca, Nev.-- Trichomoniasis, commonly referred to as “Trich,” is a venereal disease of cattle caused by a protozoa organism, Tritrichomonas foetus. This small, motile organism is found only in the reproductive tract of infected bulls and cows. Infected cattle can lead to major economic losses due to infertility, low pregnancy rates, an extended calving season, diminished calf crops and occasional abortions in pregnant cows and heifers. It can also be very costly to eradicate from a herd. Trich is transmitted from an infected bull to the cow’s reproductive tract during breeding and then migrates to the uterus. Infected cows will experience infertility and early embryonic death, causing the cow to return to estrus (heat) and subsequently leading to poor pregnancy rates and an extended breeding season. This disease causes very few outward signs in infected cows or bulls. Trich can be present in a herd for a considerable time before it is suspected and diagnosed. Repeat breeding or infertility of individual cows can last up to 5 months. The reason for the open or late cows is the organism causes the loss of the calf a few weeks into the pregnancy. The majority of infected cows will clear the infection if given 120 to 150 days of sexual rest. Most cows will eventually settle, if given enough time, but their immunity to the disease is weak; therefore, they can be reinfected the next

Photo by Josef Reischig

The parasite is 5-25 µm in size and is spindle shaped with four flagella, which are whiplike projections, and an undulating or wavy membrane. Their movement is jerky and in a forward direction, and they also do “barrel rolls”. The organisms look like small tadpoles with small tails when viewed microscopically. The parasite interacts with bacteria that normally reside in the intestinal tract by adhering to the intestinal epithelium of the host.

season. An infected bull has virtually no outward signs of infection, but the bull is the main source of transmission for the herd. In bulls, the organism lives on the tissue lining of the penis and preputial sheath. Once infected, bulls (especially bulls over 4 years of age) often stay infected for life. Trich typically gets introduced into a herd by the introduction of one infected animal, an infected bull. Currently, Trich testing is a voluntary program in the state of Nevada. Producers aren’t required to test, unless testing is required to ship cows exposed to a bull into a different state. Trich testing requirements vary by state. In 2017, roughly 60% of the bulls in Nevada were Trich tested. These numbers are based on Nevada Department of Ag records from herd taxes collected. 85,000 to 86,000 bulls are listed in herd taxes collected, of those, and only 14,068 were tested. Of that percentage, 330 bulls tested positive for Trich. Most of the bulls tested in Nevada live in Elko and Humboldt counties. Not in known hotspots across the state. If you are like me, you think, why should Trich testing be mandatory in the state of Nevada? I didn’t think Trich was an issue. If you don’t have large numbers of open cows, run your cattle in a grazing association, or have neighbors with Trich, you should be okay, right? Photo by Jennifer Whiteley

Less than 1% of infected cows will have a normal pregnancy and still be infected with the trichomonas organism for the next breeding season.


Marty Gill of Parma, Idaho, and the Idaho Cattlemen’s Association President 2018-2019 urges Nevada to make Trich testing mandatory in our state. “Until you test, you don’t know if you have a problem.” He also explains that there may be market implications down the road because “buyers don’t want cattle out of known Trich areas.” Idaho has enforced mandatory Trich testing state wide since 1989.Ron Cerri, Nevada Cattlemen’s Executive Committee member, and rancher in Humboldt County echo’s Gill’s thoughts. “We are an export state, we need to meet export regulations.” Elko County Rancher Jennifer Garrett disagrees. “The benefits of mandatory Trich testing are not worth the costs and burdens of mandatory testing.” Producers would now be required to run cattle through the chute one

more time each fall, and in addition to the upkeep of your facilities to keep bulls in, they may have the expense of day labor, all in addition to the cost of the vet’s time and cost for the test. All for a test that will more than likely turn up negative. Dr. Boyd Spratling, long time Veterinarian in Northern Nevada sides with Garrett. “Brand Inspection fees will have to increase to cover the additional costs that mandatory Trich testing will incur.” Someone will have to be paid to enforce this regulation, and the money must come from somewhere. Cattlemen in Nevada are divided on their thoughts on making Trich testing mandatory in Nevada. Industry leaders have their work cut out for them while researching and determining an outcome for this issue.

Photo by Jennifer Whiteley

During breeding the bull infects cows and heifers with the organism which leads to reproductive disease in the cow and heifer. Newly infected female cattle will usually abort or resorb the fetus at 6 to 8 weeks after conception. Many of these animals will over time develop immunity, clear the infection and rebreed. Newly infected herds with a bull turnout of less than 90 days may experience a 50-60 % or less calf crop. Where the bulls are left out for a longer period of time, herds will have a long calving interval but more calves. Chronically infected herds may have a higher calving rate over an extended calving interval (sometimes referred to as year-round calving).

Photo by Jennifer Whiteley

Pregnancy test all cows and cull open and late cows. Cows found to be open at calving or observed to abort before calving should also be culled before bull turnout, because they may be infected with Trich. Institute the other measures used in the uninfected herd listed above. Consider working with neighbors to insure they are also instituting these measures.

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Tierra Kessler   THE NEVADA RANCHER – JANUARY 2019 15

$B 137.21

Photo by Jennifer Whiteley

There is a commercial Trich vaccine manufactured by Fort Dodge (TrichGuard and TrichGuard V5L). This vaccine does not prevent infections but will reduce the incidence of abortion associated with Trich in cows. The vaccine has no proven efficacy in bulls. The vaccine must be given twice 2-4 weeks apart and with an annual booster 4 weeks before breeding season. Most experts agree that vaccinating in the fall for spring breeding is not effective.

Photo by Ashley Buckingham

Annually test all bulls including virgin bulls added to the bull battery. The bull battery ideally should be tested two weeks after the end of the breeding season, with new additions tested during semen testing before turnout. Buy only virgin heifers from a known source. Efforts should be made to prevent commingling of adjacent herds. In common allotment situations, all producers should regularly test all bulls annually.

Treatment and Prevention of Trich in Cattle Currently, there is no approved treatment for cattle infected with trichomoniasis. However, cattle producers can do a lot to protect their herds from a trichomoniasis outbreak. •When purchasing bulls, purchase virgin bulls if possible. •If purchasing a bull that has prior breeding experience, or if you are renting or borrowing a bull for breeding, then isolate the bull and have it tested for trich before turning the bull out with the cows. •If you suspect a problem in your herd, test your current bull battery. Any positive bulls should be culled and sold for slaughter only. •Keep the neighbor’s bull out of your cow pasture. You don’t know if he may be a carrier of the disease. •Pregnancy check cows in a timely manner after the breeding season to identify a potential problem early. •When purchasing females, purchase virgin heifers and/or cows from a reputable source. •Keep fences in good repair to prevent accidental contact with potentially infected cattle. Monitor traffic in and out of the herd. •Keep good records of a herd’s reproductive efficiency. The records can help identify a possible problem. •Maintain a defined breeding season, perform pregnancy exams and cull open cows.

Photo by Jennifer Whiteley

Approximately 5% of positive samples in Nevada are false positives. These false positives are really trichomonad species from fecal contamination.

Photo by Jennifer Whiteley

Test all bulls two weeks after the end of the breeding season. If any bulls are positive, retest the negative bulls two more times at least a week apart. Send all positive bulls to slaughter. Sending the positive bulls to the sale yard where another producer may buy them only insures perpetuating the disease.


Photo by Ashley Buckingham

There is a commercial Trich vaccine manufactured by Fort Dodge (TrichGuard and TrichGuard V5L). This vaccine does not prevent infections but will reduce the incidence of abortion associated with Trich in cows. The vaccine has no proven efficacy in bulls. The vaccine must be given twice 2-4 weeks apart and with an annual booster 4 weeks before breeding season. Most experts agree that vaccinating in the fall for spring breeding is not effective.


HERO: Richard “Dick” Swisher

Honored as Nevada Cattlemen’s Association 2018 100,000 Mile Club inductee By Chad and Jack Swisher Special to the Rancher

Winnemucca, Nev.—Richard “Dick” Swisher was born February 2, 1934 to Jack and Carrie Swisher in Jordan Valley, Oregon, where they lived on the Grassy Ranch out of Danner. He went to Antelope School till he was a freshman. From there he went to Cow Creek School. It was about 7 miles from home to school. He would often take a shortcut across Jordon Creek. Then he would be all wet when he got to school! His family moved to Wells, Nevada where he completed his junior and senior years. He graduated from Well’s High School in 1951. Growing up he worked for his grandpa Jack till the age of 12. They learned then that he had hay fever, so he couldn’t work in the hay field. He still had to work though, so his job changed to wrangling the horses. At about age 15, he was starting colts. There weren’t a lot of fences back then, and as the tradition went starting colts, you would use the colts to wrangle the horses. Dick would cover a lot of country to gather horses and sometimes on a colt he would end up in the middle of the herd as they came into the corral! Dick liked to trot everywhere on his horse. His little sister Mary would ask him “Why do we need to trot all the time? I have such a side ache!” He always replied with “It helps our horses last all day.” A lot of local ranches could count on Dick for help, all the way from Grassy Mountain (approximately 22 miles south of Vale, Oregon, and roughly 70 miles west of Boise, Idaho) to the Owyhee Desert. In 1954 Dick married Sharon Kershner in Winnemucca, Nevada. While newlywed, they worked at the Walt and Agnes Bowden

Ranch out of McDermitt, Nevada. From there they went on to work at the Cross Ranch on Mary’s River, near Deeth, Nevada where Dick started all of the work horses. He always said “they were good horses, but sometimes it was wild mowing the hay! In 1957, Dick went to work for Evan and Tilly Zimmerman at the Diaster Peak Ranch near McDermitt. Evan and Dick were quite the team. They both liked to trot. Every fall Dick would take the neighbors cattle, driving them from Disaster Peak to Bengoa’s, meeting about halfway, and then to the Whitehorse Ranch in South Eastern Oregon. Then he would drive the Zimmerman cattle back to Disaster Peak. In 1961 Dick began working for Bob Cambell at the Lucky 7 Ranch. This was his dream job as he got to trot all the time, covering a lot of country on the Owyhee desert. As his kids were growing up, the first thing they learned was how to keep their horses at a trot so they would last all day. Being a humble man, Dick would ask his hired hands if they would mind gathering cattle in certain areas, not tell them where to gather. When he left the Lucky 7 in 1975, he went to work for McDermitt Mine. He continued to help all the nearby ranches to move cows and brand their calves when he could. After retiring from the mine, Dick helped his sons and other ranchers around the Elko area, including Bill McKnight at the Key Ranch and Stitzels of the Devils Gate Ranch. Every fall he would travel to Nebraska to help his son Chad feed cows, then he would return to Elko in the spring, just in time to help everyone brand calves. Dick always loved his horses big and long legged. “That way” he said, “you still had a good horse at the end of the day, as when you started at the beginning of it.” As he became older, he said “maybe they don’t need to be so tall anymore!” All of the Swisher kids, Dixie, Chad, Chuck, Jack, and George all agree that they had the best childhood and the greatest memories growing up in the saddle with their dad. “They just don’t make hands like our dad anymore!”

All photos courtesy of the Swisher Family

Dick branding on his signature “big and long legged” horses.


Dick and his family.

Above Right: Dick holding the hind feet of a calf at a branding. Left: Dick branding calves. Right: Dick starting a team of workhorses at the Cross Ranch. Below: Dick branding calves at a spring branding.



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Herd Health Programs: The Basics By Sarah Hummel, DVM Special to the Rancher

I love the combination of herd health and doctoring for the January Nevada Rancher theme because they are so closely linked. The purpose of a herd health program is to limit the amount of doctoring we have to do which saves countless hours, dollars, and effort. A herd health program also clarifies when, what and why we are going to doctor certain animals. In discussing the basics of a herd health program I will define what a herd health program entails, possible variations in a program and ideas on how to start or refine your own program. Even though you may think you don’t have much of a herd health program that you follow, you may be surprised at the number of components you implement to keep your herd healthy. A herd health program is a plan for a ranch to promote health, prevent disease, and implement doctoring strategies when necessary. A comprehensive program encompasses the different groups of cat- Picture by: Stacy Edwards tle in an operation including: Breeding cows, breeding heifers, bulls and seller calves. Health promotion of these groups can vary somewhat. For example, we focus on promoting reproductive health in the breeding groups by looking at pregnancy diagnosis and calving intervals, breeding soundness exams, trichomoniasis testing and vac-

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cination. Promoting health for seller calves looks more like decreasing stress and increasing nutrition in order to get as many pounds on them as possible. So that may look like fence-line weaning, bunk training and high concentration diets. Other components blanket all groups such as trace element supplementation. After promoting health, preventing disease is the second most important aspect of a good herd health program. This includes vaccines and parasite control, maintaining a closed herd, isolating new animals, maintaining a healthy animal density, quarantining sick animals and many others. Different operations concentrate on different aspects of disease prevention including the vaccines they use, the ability to maintain a closed herd or how often parasite control is implemented. Now the last part of a herd health program is what to do when health promotion and disease prevention fail, and that is doctoring sick or injured animals. Again, the goal is to minimize this aspect with the prior two. The protocols that you use to doctor different ailments are going to vary depending on your specific program or branding such as organic or all natural, your personal preference and experience, your time and labor available to catch and doctor

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animals, your handiness and the animals location (I know one gentleman that can rope and cast a bull to doctor him on the range with minimal trauma to the bull). You may have started reading this article thinking you do not have a herd health program in place, but then you think “Ok, I test for Trich and I quarantine animals. I try to isolate sick animals or at least I have a separate corral for them, so I can keep my eye on them. I definitely vaccinate and preg check in the fall.” You may have more of a program then you think, it is just engrained in your head rather than spelled out on paper. No matter what measures you have in place to keep your herd healthy, there is always room for improvement and refinement. Resources to help guide you in the right direction or answer questions you might have include veterinarians, extension offices, publications and university websites. Also, talking to your neighbors to see what they do can always be a learning experience. As a veterinarian, I personally love working with ranchers on herd health aspects and weighing pros and cons of changes that can be put in place. There isn’t one ranch with the same herd health program as the next. They differ in available resources, individual challenges and largely on personal preferences. Find someone that is willing to work with you to bounce ideas off of to fine-tune your herd health and it will have large payoffs on your bottom line and peace of mind. It can also reduce stress and decision-making time if you have organized plans and protocols in place. If you have any questions concerning herd health programs, feel free to call me, Sarah Hummel DVM at 775-5304137.

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Future of meat: protein coming from labs, plants By Michelle Cook While it might sound like something out of a science-fiction movie, a new generation of meat and meat alternatives could have an impact on current and future generations of livestock producers. The new meat tech is coming in two forms: plant-based and cultured animal cells grown in a lab. Perhaps the most well-known of the new-generation plant-based burgers is the Impossible Burger from Impossible Foods. According to the company’s website, its burger is made from wheat protein, coconut oil, potato protein, and a mystery ingredient called heme. It claims heme is responsible for the characteristic taste and aroma of meat. So what exactly is heme? Well, every plant and animal on the planet has a molecule called heme in its bloodstream. Heme carries oxygen through the bloodstream. In plants, heme carries oxygen through the same mechanisms that produce energy. Heme also turns your blood red. It’s the stuff that turns meat pink and gives a good burger that metallic flavor and delicious aroma. Impossible Foods has found a way to take heme and make it into an edible meat product. They’re the first food manufacturer to use heme in their plant-based meat.

Cultured meat for dinner The process for growing meat in a lab is a little fuzzy to most people outside labs. The Dutch start-up Mosa Meats explains its process online for making protein from cultured animal cells. “The first step is to take some cells from the muscle of an animal, such as a cow if we’re making beef, which is done with a small biopsy under anesthesia. “The cells taken are called myosatellite cells, which are the stem cells of muscles. The function of these stem cells within the animal is to create new muscle tissue when the muscle is injured. It is this inherent talent of the stem cells that is utilized in making cultured meat. “The cells are placed in a medium containing nutrients and naturally occurring growth factors and are allowed to proliferate just as they would inside an animal. They proliferate until we get trillions of cells from a small sample. This growth takes place in a bioreactor, which looks similar to the bioreactors that beer and yogurt are fermented in. “When we want the cells to differentiate into muscle cells, we simply stop feeding them growth factors, and they differentiate on their own. The muscle cells naturally merge to form myotubes (a primitive muscle fiber that is no more than 1/64th of an inch long). “The myotubes are then placed in a gel that is 99% water, which helps the cells form the shape of muscle fibers. The muscle cells’ innate tendency to contract causes them to start putting on bulk, growing into a small strand of muscle tissue. “From one cow sample, we can produce 800 million strands of muscle tissue (enough to make 80,000 quarter pounders). “When all these strands are layered together, we get what we started with – meat. It can then be processed using standard food technologies; for example, putting it through a meat grinder to make ground beef.” Since the cells are doing what they normally would inside an animal, the company says the cells are not genetically modified in any way. Stampede toward growing markets Along with billionaires Bill Gates and Richard Branson, meat industry heavyweights Cargill and Tyson Foods are also sinking money into the new vegetable and cultured meat companies. Tyson Foods. America’s largest meat processor recently purchased a 5 percent stake in Beyond Meat and a minority stake in Memphis Meats, a lab-grown meat start-up. In repositioning the company as a global protein brand, not just a meat purveyor, Tyson’s leaders say they’re prepared to “participate in [their] own disruption.” Beyond Meat makes veggie sausages and burgers using peas and beets as main ingredients. Its site says, “Beets provide the meaty red hue, peas provide the protein, and coconut oil and potato starch ensure mouthwatering juiciness and chew.” Tyson CEO Tom Hayes posted a letter to customers on the company’s website titled, “Why We Are Investing in Alternative Proteins.” Here’s what Hayes says: “We know what comes to mind when people think of Tyson Foods – and that’s chicken. In truth, we’re about chicken and so much more. We’re about sausage and pepperoni. Scrambled eggs and convenience snacks. Deli turkey and beef jerky. And now, through our venture capital fund, cultured meats and plant-based proteins.”



All of those foods have one common link: protein. “Today’s consumers want more protein,” Hayes said. “Sixty percent of us are actively trying to add more protein to our diets, and when we think about the attributes we want in our food, protein tops the list – outranking all-natural ingredients and vitamins and minerals.


Hayes says that with a growing global population the world will need to supply at least 20% more calories in 2030 than it does today. “We believe it will take a combination of innovative and traditional approaches, [and] If you think about it, a protein strategy inclusive of alternative forms is intuitive for Tyson Foods,” Hayes said. “It’s another step toward giving today’s consumers what they want and feeding tomorrow’s consumers sustainably for years to come.” Trevor Amen, formerly an animal protein economist for CoBank, says you can look at it this way: It’s part of the continuing quest for technological advancements in food manufacturing. He predicts alternative protein products derived from plant sources, insects, and cultured meats will be one of the top food trends to watch in coming years.

Five alternative meat companies to watch 1. Beyond Meat. This privately held Los Angeles company is building meat directly from plants. Its new product is the Beyond Burger, currently available at more than 1,300 grocery stores, including Kroger and Hy-Vee. The ¼-pound patty with 20 grams of protein has no soy, no gluten, no GMOs, no cholesterol, and half the saturated fat of an 80% lean beef burger, says a company spokesperson.


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2. Impossible Foods. Its signature product is the Impossible Burger. The company’s website says its scientists, farmers, and chefs spent the last five years studying burgers from cow to bun. “Then, we identified methods and ingredients to naturally re-create everything – the sights, sounds, aromas, textures, and flavors.” Its burger is in 1,000 restaurants across the U.S., including White Castle, where it sells an Impossible Burger slider for $1.99. 3. Memphis Meats. This San Francisco start-up is culturing real meat from animal muscle cells. “We’re going to bring meat to the plate in a more sustainable, affordable, and delicious way,” explains Uma Valeti, cofounder and CEO of Memphis Meats. “Meat demand is growing rapidly around the world. We want the world to keep eating what it loves.” 4. Mosa Meat. This project is the brainchild of Mark Post, a professor at Maastricht University in the Netherlands. He says it will be indistinguishable from the meat of a real animal. “We expect the price to be in the $10-per-hamburger range once the production is at scale, using the current technology. Eventually it may even become cheaper (than conventional meat) as less resources are required to culture beef than to produce it through livestock,” he says. He hopes to be in restaurants and specialty stores in Europe by 2021. U.S. supermarkets will follow in another two to three years. 5. Future Meat Technologies. This start-up is focused on producing cultured meat in a cost-efficient way, according to Yaakov Nahmias, the company’s founder and chief scientist. “It is difficult to imagine cultured meat becoming a reality with a current production price of about $10,000 per kilogram,” he said in a statement to AgFunderNews. “We redesigned the manufacturing process until we brought it down to $800 per kg today, with a clear road map to $5 to $10 per kg ($2.25 to $4.50 per pound) by 2020.” It also claims to be the first to produce animal fat in a lab without harvesting animals and without any genetic modification.

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Beef Quality Assurance Ensuring a safe and wholesome product for consumers.

Ranching Scrapbook

Photos and Words By Jennifer Whiteley Nevada Rancher Magazine

Winnemucca, Nev.-- According to Dr. Dee Griffin, DVM, and Associate Professor at the University of Nebraska’s Great Plains Veterinary Education Center, and BQA Pioneer Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) can be defined as follows: “It’s a process of figuring out what could go wrong, planning to avoid it – then validating and documenting what you have done. BQA is just part of good business.” The keyword in the title is “Quality,” and knowing what that stands for benefits both beef producers, and consumers. Quality means producing and providing a beef product that is wholesome and safe, but it also means providing a product that is going to deliver a desirable eating experience. Quality beef consistently satisfies customer expectations for eating, and preparation characteristics such as: tenderness, flavor, juiciness, color, packaging, price, and ease of preparation. Certification in BQA sends a message to consumers that the producer is willing to do everything in their power to assure that they are producing a quality product for consumers. BQA focuses on care and husbandry practices, feedstuffs, feed additives, and medications, processing, treatment, and record keeping. As a beef producer, it is important to send a product to the consumer that is going to meet and hopefully exceed their expectations. That includes ensuring the consumer that we are providing a safe and wholesome product.

At Right: Kevin Ahern of Maggie Creek ranches mixes vaccine at branding time. Part of BQA insures that vaccines are handled properly, and shots are given correctly.


Background image: BQA encompasses every aspect of the beef cattle industry including cow-calf, stocker, feedlot, and even dairy, and the BQA certification components include information on proper animal handling, administration of vaccines and how to eliminate injection-site lesions, low-stress cattle handling, and other management practices that ultimately determine the quality and safety of the beef we love.

Above: Consumers demand the very best of what beef producers have to offer. They want the best quality, they want to know that the beef they buy is safe, and they want to know that it was raised with the highest standards of animal welfare. The Beef Quality Assurance program, established nationally in 1987, does that and more. Clayton Blanthorn doctors a calf for foot rot in Lamoille.

Above: On Dec. 12, Wendy’s unveiled its sustainability initiatives, which will change how the company sources meat for its iconic square-shaped fresh beef patties in the upcoming years. According to a statement released by Wendy’s Corporation, “Wendy’s is proud to be the first restaurant chain to partner with the Progressive Beef program, an innovative animal care and sustainability program that is built on industry-leading best practices and third-party verification. “Adoption of this program will be implemented in a significant part of its beef supply starting in 2019, with at least 50% by 2021, further delivering on Wendy’s commitment to enhanced beef supply chain accountability, transparency and traceability.” This has prompted packers to source their fed cattle from BAQ-certified feed yards. Mound Valley 4-H member Trent Whiteley demonstrates the different types shots that are BQA approved and how they are administered on his yearling heifer “Rocket.”

Below: BQA protocols have been the push behind the industry reducing carcass blemishes, injection-site lesions and other quality defects. But BQA also has gone a long way in helping consumers understand how seriously beef producers take their job of producing safe, wholesome, quality beef. Cowboys doctor a sick calf on the Maggie Creek Ranch. Above: BQA should include everyone on the ranch. Teaching our children how to properly handle livestock, and how to administer vaccines properly is chief.

At Left: Julio and Ofelia Ordonez process freshly weaned heifer calves through the chute at weaning.

At Right: According to Meat Myth Crushers, “It is true that more antibiotics are used in animals than humans, but there are far more animals in the U.S. than people. There are more than 90 million cattle, 5.3 million sheep and lamb, 66 million hogs, 200 million turkeys and 8 billion chickens on U.S. farms. Just like when humans get sick, livestock should have access to antibiotics as needed. Mountain City ranchers Alex and Ashton Vipham vaccinate calves at branding time to help prevent respiratory issues.


Outcome-based Grazing at the Winecup-Gamble Ranch Words and Photos by Sarah Keller Intermountain West Joint Venture

On a sunny early summer day, James Rogers stood next to a projector screen in the Winecup-Gamble Ranch’s horse barn to present his objectives for the northeastern Nevada ranch. Rogers is the manager charged with overseeing Winecup-Gamble’s nearly one million acres of intermingled private and public land. He thinks of his job as trying to meet a three-legged stool of objectives. As swallows flitted in front of 50 or so federal and state agency employees, scientists, ranchers and other partners seated on folding chairs, Rogers explained that one leg of the stool is the ranch’s economic viability – a financial objective. Ecological objectives make up the second leg, which includes reducing cheatgrass and promoting the perennial bunchgrasses preferred by both cattle and sage grouse, as well as reducing the size and intensity of fires. The third objective, perhaps the most important to Rogers, is the social aspects of the ranch’s existence. Social objectives mean maintaining and bettering the ranch’s relationship with the surrounding community. A Faulty Component Then Rogers explained that there is a faulty component holding back the three core objectives in Winecup-Gamble’s operation – a functional grazing permit with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). He’s hopeful that is changing. Winecup-Gamble’s BLM grazing permit is 30 years old. It’s become nearly impossible to operate the ranch’s overall grazing plan with rules written a generation ago. “If the BLM permit can in fact be written to be in alignment with the rest of our conservation plan, with the rest of our wildlife plan, with the rest of our economic plan, our social plan, and be written to cooperate with these other things, it becomes this entire ranch management plan that ties into the philosophy of what we’re doing,” he said. Even if it were up-to-date, the plan’s prescriptive nature is still a problem. It locks Rogers into certain cattle numbers, and the same grazing start and end dates for each allotment year after year. That’s despite changing land management needs due to

Looking down from 30,000 feet on Nevada’s craggy, arid landscape doesn’t evoke an image of what most people think of as rangeland. But this vast and seemingly desolate place as viewed from five miles high actually supports a vital and healthy livestock industry. In an environment which receives an average 7.5 inches of precipitation a year, careful and constant management of these particular rangelands is crucial. More than 85 percent of nevada is managed by the federal government under the supervision of the bureau of land management, the u.s. forest service, and the military. Because private land is very limited, ranchers need to use some of these public lands, as well as their own, for grazing herds of cattle and sheep. ranchers are given an allotment and a predetermined number of livestock are allowed to graze at a per-head fee.

fires, cheatgrass invasion, drought, and longer growing seasons that come with warmer temperatures. On the ranch’s private land, Rogers has innovated in response to those decades of shifts. But on the adjacent public lands, Winecup-Gamble’s BLM permit leaves little room for responding to even some of the most basic year-to-year changes. In some cases, the permit works against its intended goal of improving rangeland health. A New Idea and Maybe a New Solution Trying to solve that permitting problem has placed Rogers at the forefront of a paradigm shift in the how the BLM oversees public lands grazing. Rather than trying to maintain or improve rangeland health by reducing cattle numbers or seasons of use, Rogers and many others think that grazing permits should focus on achieving certain rangeland conditions. Shifting emphasis to the end goal rather than focusing on prescriptive terms and conditions would give ranchers more flexibility to respond to constantly changing factors like weather, drought cycles, invasive species, and fires. In response to this need, the BLM created a new demonstration program called “outcome-based grazing” to provide a path for public land permittees to reach their goals for land stewardship and their livestock operations. In 2018 the BLM authorized 11 ranches in six states, including Winecup-Gamble, to test and demonstrate how outcome-based grazing permits could work. It’s an initial step in the lengthy process of rethinking how the agency permits public lands ranching. Rogers and ROGER Back in the in Winecup-Gamble’s horse barn, those 50 or so resource professionals have been a driving force behind advancing outcome-based grazing at the national, state, and district levels. Together they form a collaborative group they’ve named Results Oriented Grazing for Ecological Resilience (ROGER), not to be confused with James Rogers’ last name.

This has been an agreeable partnership for close to a hundred years, with both parties active in managing the land to accommodate many uses such as wildlife habitat and recreation as well as grazing. The health of our rangeland is in everyone’s best interest. Land has always been the foundation of our nation’s wealth and the men and women who work that land are the traditional caretakers. land management and conservation science have advanced greatly over the last decades and modern ranchers keep up, or are in the lead.

Carefully grazed rangeland has been shown to be healthier and more productive than ungrazed land separated by only a wire fence. Grazing animals control invasive species and organic matter that fuels destructive wildfires. Like most of the west, nevada has been impacted by urban growth, especially by the increased demands on a limited water supply. Natural resources are under pressure so it becomes increasingly critical to manage our rangelands to benefit not only our livestock industry, but the very place we call home.

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For the last two and a half years they’ve been working towards determining what healthy rangelands look like, what it will take to get there, and how to empower ranchers with permitting flexibility to improve and conserve rangeland. “ROGER has been great as a vehicle for taking some of these big questions and concerns about sage grouse, as well as grazing permits, that people have in the West, and elevating them to get some answers, instead of just continuing to fight about them,” said Laura Van Riper, a BLM social scientist who is coordinating the ROGER group. The ROGER group is working on answering some tough technical and practical questions about using newer remote sensing tools combined with traditional monitoring techniques to assess and monitor outcome-based grazing. A science sub-group of ROGER is working on developing and studying those monitoring tools, which should also help ranchers predict how a given management action will affect rangeland health and sage grouse habitats. The group includes ranchers, scientists from the University of Nevada, the U.S. Geological Survey, and consulting firms, plus representatives from the BLM, Nevada Department of Wildlife, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The ROGER group hopes the BLM will choose to adopt those tools to monitor and adaptively manage outcome-based grazing, assuming the research project is successful. A Test Site for How to Monitor Success As the ranch’s manager, Rogers offered Winecup-Gamble as a test site for the researchers. In addition to other research goals, Rogers hopes that the scientists will work with ranchers from the ground up to develop outcome-based grazing metrics that are relevant to how ranchers manage their operations. Labor-intensive studies of vegetation and soils are not well suited for monitoring

an adaptive management system like outcome-based grazing. They are expensive for both ranchers and the BLM and impossible to repeat often enough or during the right time to measure all vegetation at a single site. Plus, the existing BLM monitoring system was designed to look at landscape-scale trends, not make decisions at the pasture or allotment scale that matters to a rancher. Since the BLM adopted its current monitoring techniques, remote sensing has emerged as a tool for getting a much more timely and comprehensive view of rangeland condition. The ROGER group plans to incorporate remote sensing into mapping and monitoring. The course, large-scale data it provides can show trends in sage grouse habitats over time, while finer scale data can help with planning and monitoring at the pasture or allotment scale. However, there are some kinks that need to be worked out – which is what the research project is hoping to do. “I think there is an opportunity to create a product that helps someone like James Rogers make grazing decisions, and also becomes a tool to monitor these decisions,” said John Tull, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Nevada Science Coordinator who, along with Van Riper, helped bring the science group at Winecup-Gamble together. “If we want to achieve less cheatgrass and more perennial bunchgrass, can we link that to remote sensing to get some of those answers for us? It would be a monitoring method that doesn’t require a lot of the more tedious on-the-ground work. That’s the big goal that we want to achieve.” Rancher with a Laptop Rogers has already embraced remotely sensed data for planning at Winecup-Gamble. Last winter, Open Range Consulting produced a remotely sensed map of the ranch at a scale of 30 meters. They are currently working on a 1-meter map. Walking around the ranch with the map on a laptop, Rogers developed a high level

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of confidence that the data lined up with what he was seeing on the ground. From a practical standpoint, this means Rogers can analyze a lot of things that he couldn’t before. He can get an overhead view of where to put firebreaks to protect wildlife habitats, or where to prioritize juniper removal for sage grouse. Because Winecup-Gamble has remotely collected data since 2009, he can even quantify change in the quality and composition of rangeland habitats over time. There is even older information, known as LANDSAT data that is also available to be brought into the picture and provide a 30-year landscape view over time. The ROGER science sub-group group is currently working out how they will use and study remotely sensed data for outcome-based grazing planning and monitoring. They are confronting challenges such as developing rangeland health indicators that remote sensing can detect, how to detect differences in specific vegetation types, and how to meaningfully integrate monitoring data at different scales. What Happens When it Burns Upon arriving at an upland site on the tour, Tamzen Stringham, a rangeland ecologist from the University of Nevada-Reno, pointed out to the group that it consists of healthy sagebrush with perennial bunch grasses underneath -- prime sage grouse nesting habitat. But after the wet spring, cheatgrass was encroaching even more than usual. She warned that the cheatgrass, which emerges earlier and dries up sooner than perennial bunch grasses, puts that habitat at high risk for fire. This prediction came true just a few months after the tour when the Goose Creek Fire burned 132,000 acres, including a portion of the Winecup-Gamble’s public grazing allotment. Rogers noted that he could potentially mitigate cheatgrass in a lot of places with early season grazing. Cattle will help knock back cheatgrass if they can get to it when it is still green and before their preferred perennial bunch grasses emerge. But Winecup-Gamble’s current grazing permit doesn’t allow him to put out enough cattle, or early enough, to make a meaningful dent in the cheatgrass. Rogers remains optimistic that between the BLM’s outcome-based grazing pilot projects and the ROGER group’s work, there will be a future where he can use cat-


tle to reduce risk to sage grouse habitats while also meeting the ranch’s social and economic goals. For now, he walks away from the still-green rangeland and reflects on his family’s public lands grazing legacy. Grazing policy frustrated his father, too. But Rogers is hopeful that the changes and partnerships underway will lead him to a different end point. “I see this opportunity, that I never imagined, with this outcome-based grazing platform I’ve been given on a million acres, and I don’t want to waste it,” he said. “Maybe I can redeem this thing that my dad actually got disgusted with and gave up on.” Below: Tamzen Stringham and Lucas Phipps from the University of Nevada-Reno, and James Rogers inspect this site’s forage availability

Healthy sagebrush stands with perennial bunch grasses make ideal sage grouse nesting habitat, as long as the cheatgrass is kept in check

Above: Lucas Phipps, University of Nevada-Reno, and Ethan Mower, Nevada Department of Agriculture, compare models for remote sensing for range monitoring with on the ground conditions Below: James Rogers, manager of the Winecup-Gamble Ranch, presents his unique approach the ranch’s operation objectives


Forest Service Cracks Down on Unauthorized Tribal Horses By: Shanna Cummings Winnemucca Publishing

The Forest Service is conducting gathers of unauthorized domestic tribal horses grazing on public land next to the Fort McDermitt reservation. None of the horses are designated as wild horses. Authorities estimate over 2,000 unauthorized horses belonging to tribal owners graze on the Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) land next to the Fort McDermitt Paiute Shoshone reservation. Joe Garrotto from the Forest Service Santa Rosa Ranger District Office told Humboldt County commissioners Monday that over 500 horses were gathered in the previous five days using helicopters to drive them back to reservation land. The horses were handed over to the tribal council, which held a sale on shortly after for the owners to buy their horses back. The presence of unauthorized tribal horses on the public land has been a longtime issue. An association of tribal members has a grazing permit for cattle, but not horses, Garrotto said, and the horse owners were not part of the association. “We have records of the horses on the Forest Service that go back more than thirty years,” Garrotto said. Forest Service Rangeland Manager Boyd Hatch told Humboldt County commissioners during the Nov. 13 commission meeting, “The damage that’s being done out there on the land, not only on the environmental side, but also to the permittees, it’s pretty substantial.” He said permittee grazing is monitored and regulated, but grazing by the tribal horses was not. While permittees graze their livestock for a certain period of the year, the unauthorized horses remain on the land year-round, reducing the amount

of forage available for permittees and other wildlife like mule deer. They also damage riparian areas and threaten habitat for wildlife like sage grouse, Garrotto said. The land is also damaged during the gathers, but Hatch said the benefits of removing the horses outweigh the damage induced during the gathers. The last gather like this took place in 2013. Owners of the unauthorized horses received relatively low fines for unauthorized grazing on Forest Service land. The Forest Service hopes stiffer fines this time will deter future violations. The tribal council is also developing their own regulations for the matter. Subsequent gathers this season depend on weather conditions. Since good flying days have proven scarce recently, the Forest Service has requested to extend the helicopter contract to remove the horses for another month or two, Garrotto said. He also expects to conduct one or two more gathers in the summer. The contract for the helicopters and pilots costs $200,000, Garrotto said, not counting overtime pay for the Forest Service employees involved. “After we’ve removed most of the horses...we’ll begin the process of impounding the horses, taking the owners of the horses to court, and charging them,” Garrotto said. Potentially stiffer fines and penalties related to tribal regulations will hopefully deter further unauthorized use of the land. For more info visit: https://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/htnf/home/?cid=FSEPRD603126


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Statement of Secretary Perdue on President Trump’s Signing of the Farm Bill (Washington, D.C., December 20, 2018) – U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue today celebrated President Trump’s signing of the 2018 Farm Bill and issued the following statement: “This is a great day for our farmers, ranchers, foresters, and producers, as President Trump’s signature on this bill is a Christmas present to American agriculture. Farmers take financial risks every year as a matter of doing business, so having a Farm Bill in place gives them peace of mind to make their decisions for the future. Since early talks on this Farm Bill began back in 2017, I’ve always believed it would be more evolutionary, rather than revolutionary, and that has borne out to be true. “The bill bolsters farm safety net programs, protects federal crop insurance, and maintains strong rural development and research initiatives. The legislation reinvents the Margin Protection Program for dairy producers, providing a boost to coverage levels and a reduction in premiums after the program fell short in


the 2014 Farm Bill. The bill also includes a new Animal Disease Prevention and Management program, providing annual funding for three animal health programs. This includes a new vaccine bank focused on foot-and-mouth disease and extended funding of the National Animal Health Laboratory Network to protect our borders and improve food safety. “While we would have liked more progress on forest management reforms and work requirements for certain Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipients, we look forward to using our authorities to make improvements in those areas. All told, this is a Farm Bill that should be welcomed by producers, and at USDA we will eagerly implement its provisions. At USDA, we were pleased to provide a tremendous amount of technical assistance to Congress as legislators wrote the bill. I thank the President for his leadership on this legislation, and commend the Senate and House Agriculture Committees for their many months of hard work.”



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A few months ago, as I headed to town, the dirt road had my mind wandering and an idea hit me. I thought of the days spent horseback alone, unseen and undocumented when nothing exciting happens, but the day is perfect, even if no one else ever hears about it. I thought about the hours spent in the tractor baling hay and the long winter months spent flaking it off to cows. I thought of the days when the cows calve and things go right or when things go wrong and it all goes unnoted. I thought of the tears shed for a favorite horse lost and tears shed for the first steps of a newborn calf. I thought of the pride and heartbreak on shipping day when a year’s worth of work comes full circle. I thought of the lines on my face and the scars on my hands and the stories they tell. From my thoughts came the idea to tell the stories of the countless ranch women in Nevada whose story has never been told.

We see her sometimes, honored for events she attends in town or acknowledged for being part of meetings or memberships. But more than we know, her story goes untold. Her day to day life is nothing exciting to speak of to those in the outside world. To her and her family and the ranch she calls home, those day to day events are everything. Sometimes she is the main operator and sometimes she is the second in a partnership. She is often her husband’s right hand, performing the duties of teacher, doctor, veterinarian, banker, accountant, secretary, decorator, irrigator, cowboy, horse trainer or heavy equipment operator. Some jobs are seasonal while at other times these things seem to happen all at once. In my opinion her story needs to be told. Historically, people in agriculture have been a private group, not sharing the details of their lives preferring to keep their business to themselves. Now more than ever people need to understand the back ground of those who grow their food. The words “factory farms” are used all too often, removing the human element from the story of agriculture. My goal, my hope is to share the human element from the woman’s perspective. These are her words, this is her story…

Meet Renee Russ Jackson Hi, my name is Renee Russ Jackson. I’ve been a member of the Elko County and Nevada CattleWomen for about 25 years. I grew up on a family cattle and sheep ranching operation outside Ferndale, California. Our family ranches are on the north coast of Humboldt County and date back to the 1850s. My husband John and I live on the YP Ranch, 90 miles north of Elko. John is the general manager of the YP and it originally was developed by his grandparents. We are very fortunate that all three of our kids love the ranch and their time spent here. Our oldest daughter and her husband also live and work on the ranch full time. Our son is graduating from Cal Poly in December and then he will also be coming back to the ranch to work on

the cowboy crew and on construction projects such as water developments. We have a cow/calf operation and raise all of our replacement heifers. My typical day changes depending on the time of year. Early in the fall, the cows “come home” off the desert and forest range. We gather pairs and process the calves (vaccinate & brand the slicks or unbranded calves) and sort them into steer cow/ calf pairs and heifer cow/calf pairs in preparation for shipping and weaning. We usually saddle horses around 5:00 am and meet up with the cowboy crew at the 7J Ranch. We head out from there to various locations on the ranch to gather cows & steer calves and wean and ship the steer calves. Later in the fall we gather and wean the heifer calves and get them moved into the weaning lots. We love

working cattle but once in awhile when things get challenging, I try to pay attention to the lead guys, keep my mouth shut, do my job and persevere. Most days I get home by 3:00pm and catch horses for the next day, do chores and get dinner started. The wildfires of 2018 changed the ranch considerably this past summer. The Martin and South Sugarloaf fires had a huge impact on the wildlife and fences. We lost a few head of cattle, some haystacks and a lot of fall feed. With so much destruction all around, we have to stop and count our blessings ... we were 32   THE NEVADA RANCHER – JANUARYalso 2019

so fortunate that we didn’t lose more cattle... and thanks to our good friends, crew and Independence Valley Volunteers, we didn’t lose any horses or homes. The best thing about ranch life is the freedom and bond of a tight family and crew. The toughest thing at times is our location; being 2 hours from town has its ups and downs. A couple of days ago my best horse became ill after a long, cold day of weaning; so thankful our youngest daughter (who is a licensed veterinary technician) knew what to do. She did a super job of administering a shot of banamine in the

vein. A couple of hours of walking and Boomer was on the road to recovery. Most days at the ranch are really good, fulfilling days. There are things that come up like equipment breakdowns, severe weather, marketing the cattle and government leases that have the potential to be stressful. I worked for a bank for all four summers of college. Even though I liked the people, it was pretty obvious that I needed to earn a living outside. The thought of being in an urban area very long would totally stress me out. The best way to make a good day is to plan for it. I’m a bit of a weather junkie and try to dress for it. We have to be on the self reliant side to get along with our climate and remote location. Thankfully John and our son-in-law are pretty mechanical and they can fix just about anything from equipment, machinery, etc to furnaces and home plumbing. Youtube is good for something! My favorite season is spring. I absolutely love branding and going on the wagon is a huge highlight every year. Most days we set up a horse shoe-shaped trap in a new location. The calves are feeling good on green grass and the wildflowers are amazing. It’s a great motivator to get in shape and stay healthy. Spring and summer are also great for getting in a few quarter horse shows, ranch rodeos and half marathons. There are good

things to look forward to with the change of the seasons. On the 4th of July our family takes side-by-sides up into the mountains behind our house. We take a picnic lunch and lots of pictures. What a wonderful day we always have... exploring, taking in the beauty and awe of the mountains and wildlife. We can only hope and pray that in time the mountains will recover from the totality of the wildfire that engulfed it this summer. At the Cattlemen’s Convention a couple weeks ago, one of the speakers was saying that only 2%of our population is involved in agriculture. We help produce some of the safest and best tasting meat for consumers. I think it’s important for folks to know that beef is nutritious and delicious as well as a great source of protein. The ranch land is in better shape when the grass is grazed responsibly. We love our cattle and treat them well. This lifestyle allows us to do what we are meant to do and hopefully, with good stewardship, hard work and perseverance, the ranch will continue on to the generations to follow.

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Beef. It’s What’s For Ninjas.

The Nevada Beef Council (NBC) team was proud to be a part of the 2018 Nevada Cattlemen’s Association convention in November. Jill Scofield, Director of Producer Relations, was in attendance throughout the convention, sharing information about the NBC and Beef Checkoff efforts. She and Bill Dale, executive director of the California and Nevada Beef Councils, also presented some exciting checkoff results during the convention’s annual Beef Promotion Lunch. For those of you who weren’t able to join in on the convention fun and hear these results first-hand, we’d like to share with you some of those details and impact to offer a better sense of what’s happening on a national level thanks to your Beef Checkoff. In 2018, the Beef Checkoff made some positive strides in achieving its goal of positioning beef as the top protein, namely by capitalizing on beef’s greatest strengths: The people—the farmers and ranchers who raise beef; The protein that beef provides—the unique blend of essential nutrients is one of the most high-quality proteins; and The pleasure of eating of beef—the great taste and pleasurable experience it provides. One way in which beef was shown as a food for strength this past year was through working with Lance Pekus, a contestant on the popular network television series, American Ninja Warrior. Just wrapping up its 10th season, American Ninja Warrior boasts more than 6 million viewers per episode. Lance Pekus, a rancher from Salmon, Idaho, began competing on the program a couple of years ago, sporting his cowboy hat while he made his way through the challenging obstacle course competition. For this past season, the Beef Checkoff began working with Lance as a brand ambassador, having him wear custom “Beef. It’s What’s For Ninjas.” shirts when he competed and in his interviews. Lance has been an obvious choice to not only characterize the strength beef provides, but also represent the ranching community. In addition to his popularity on the American Ninja Warrior program, Lance’s position as a beef brand ambassador was further amplified through a series of videos available on www. BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com and streaming on a variety of other web sites. Lance’s story and a series of photos of him and his family on their Idaho ranch are also available on the BIWFD Web site. Working with an influencer as popular in today’s American culture as Lance Pekus has certainly proved beneficial, but the timing of this partnership has also been fortuitous. Over the past year, the checkoff has worked to position the iconic Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner. brand that has been around for more than 25 years. The brand was completely refreshed and relaunched in late 2017. The relaunch including the combining of eight different websites about different beef topics into one digital destination about all things beef. The newly refreshed BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com has had more than 11 million website visitors in just one year. The Beef Checkoff also identified opportunities to bring the story of beef as a food for strength into the overall Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner. advertising efforts. Over 2018, the checkoff launched a fresh and innovative advertising campaign with the creative wrapper line of “nicely done,” beef. The “nicely done” tag has resonated with all areas of the people, protein and pleasure components positioning beef as the top protein. The results of all of these efforts have been quite impressive, with significant consumer engagement. Here’s a look at some of the specific numbers:

More than 60 million video views in 2018 (as of November 1), including: Strength/Lance Pekus videos – 15+ million video views Taste/Nicely Done videos –33+ million video views Responsible/Rethink the Ranch videos – 10+ million video views 11.2 million website visitors this year – 96% increase year-over-year 7,000+ Google keywords associated with beef running constantly, driving traffic to the new website All told, there were more than 160 million consumer touchpoints in 2018. The work done on a national level to position beef as the top protein only amplifies the important work being done on a statewide level by organizations such as the Nevada Beef Council. We hope you are as impressed with the exiting programs being carried out throughout the country as we are.

Check out videos about Lance Pekus and his ninja journey at www.BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com.

“I look at people in my life, and I’ve got family strength. Sitting around the dinner table, eating, talking with your family, talking about their day. That all builds strength, emotional strength, mental strength. All of that builds the overall strength of a person.”

Let’s eat!

By Jennifer Whiteley

Lamoille, Nev.—February makes 2 years I have been writing for the Nevada Rancher Magazine. Times flies when you are having fun! I have to admit though, I still get a little surprised when people mention an article I’ve written or tell me that they have tried one of these recipes that I have shared here. I still have a hard time believing I have anything worth sharing, but my family and I are so thankful to each and everyone of you who takes the time to read this publication! This summer, we ran into some friends of ours, and the husband was lamenting how hard his summer had been. He has 2 handy, and helpful daughters, and a wife who works full time. He was crying the blues because he “just feels like a single parent, having to get the kids to and from practices, feed them

healthy meals, and do his job too. This was all said in jest, as he and his wife are both very hard workers, and he was teasing his wife more than anything else. I asked him what he had been cooking, because I figured the kids were probably living off mac and cheese, the way he was going on about how hard his summer had been! Then he shocked me. He said he had made my Work Person’s Pot Roast from the October 2017 issue. He said he liked it because it was easy, it tasted good, and he wanted to see more recipes like that. For January, I am sharing another slow cooker pot roast recipe that is simple to prepare, perfect for a chilly January night, and so easy that even dad can make it! It also can be served over mashed potatoes, over rice, in a sandwich, the possibilities are endless!

Mississippi Pot Roast Ingredients One 3 lb chuck roast 2 tbsp olive oil or vegetable oil Salt & pepper to taste 1 packet ranch dressing mix 1 packet dry onion soup mix 1/2 cup salted butter 1 stick 8 pepperoncini peppers Instructions Heat up a large skillet on high. Add oil to hot skillet. You want it really hot here to brown or “sear” the beef quickly. Take a paper towel and make sure you dry both sides of the pot roast. Season with a little bit of salt and pepper. Once the skillet is nice and hot, add the roast. Allow the roast to cook for about 2-3 minutes until it is golden brown. Using tongs, flip the meat over and sear the other side of the roast for another 2-3 minutes. Transfer meat to slow cooker. Sprinkle packets of dry ranch dressing and onion soup mixes over pot roast. Top with a stick of butter then place peppers on and around roast. Cover and cook on low for 8 hours. Take two forks and start shredding the meat. Discard any big fatty pieces. If you don’t have a slow cooker, just cook at 250* for 8 hours.

Photo By: Jennifer Whiteley

Mississippi Pot Roast on a bed of horseradish mashed potatoes really hits the spot on a chilly January night!


Western National Rangeland Career Development Event Silver Sage FFA Shines at Western National Rangeland CDE in Utah! By: Lindey Smith Silver Sage FFA Chapter Reporter

Spring Creek, Nev.--November 5th, 2018 marked a special day for the Silver Sage FFA Chapter’s Western Rangeland Team. Team members, Zachary Glenn, Matt Wines, Elena Petersen, Lindey Smith, and Lillie Potts, competed in the Western National Rangeland Career Development Event (CDE) in Logan. Utah. This event prepares students for a career in rangeland sciences by actively engaging students in management practices and demonstrating the importance of protecting rangelands. There are five main components of the contest: • Plant Identification and Site Description, • Rangeland Management and Habitat Improvement, • Habitat Evaluation for Domestic Grazers, • Habitat Evaluation for Wildlife, and • Stocking Rage and Management Recommendations. “This competitive event gives participants a unique opportunity to become more aware of the environment and the way it interacts with agriculture as a whole.” said team member Elena Petersen. After winning the state competition held in Yerington, Nev. on September 25, the team studied hard in hopes of placing in the top 5 at the national competition in Logan, Utah. Agriculture teacher and FFA advisor Ty Smith, gave them some encouraging words: “If you take this competition seriously and

give it your all, you have favorable chances at nationals. Study hard.” With the help of Chuck Petersen, a Natural Resource Conservation Services Range Conservationist, the team got some expert help on rangeland plants identification. Practice paid off for the students. Everyone on the team felt good about their performance at the close of the competition on the 5th. At the awards ceremony, Elena Petersen was awarded Top Plant Identification score and Lindey Smith was awarded Top Grazing Management Score and received Second Place High Individual. For the first time ever, Silver Sage FFA was awarded First Place Team at the National Western Rangeland Competition! “Taking part in the Western Rangeland CDE for the past three years and winning at the national level this year has been an amazing opportunity for me. Not only have I gained knowledge about our rangelands, but it has given me the ability to educate others about the importance of rangelands and how vital they are for us to maintain and manage correctly for many generations to come.” said competitor Zachary Glenn. The Western National Rangeland Career Development Event includes many of the skills and lessons taught within Nevada’s Natural Resources and Wildlife Management program of study standards. This high school course and competitive event provides opportunities for students to learn about the many career areas related to managing Nevada’s public and private lands. To learn more about Nevada Agricultural Education & FFA, go to www.nvaged.com.

Photo by: Lindey Smith

Photo by: Lindey Smith

2018 Western National Rangeland Career Development Event first place team from Silver Sage FFA Chapter, Spring Creek, NV. Team members left to right: Lillie Potts, Elena Petersen, Lindey Smith, Zach Glenn, Matt Wines, Mr. Ty Smith

Students evaluate plant species in a given area to determine whether there is enough plant diversity based on a real-life rangeland management scenario. The photo was taken during Nevada’s Rangeland Career Development Event in Yerington, NV.


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2018 Nevada Cattlemen’s Awards Banquet By Kaley (Sproul) Chapin Executive Director, Nevada Cattlemen’s

During the November 16, 2018 Nevada Cattlemen’s Association (NCA) Convention Annual Awards Banquet held in Winnemucca, Nevada, President Sam Mori announced this year’s recipients for the 2018 President’s Award, 100,000 Mile Award, Allied Industry Award, Cattlemen of the Year Award, Teacher of the Year Award, and the first-ever Hall of Honor Award. At the discretion of the organization’s president, these awards are given annually to individuals in recognition of significant contributions to the NCA, their community, the land, and the beef industry. The 2018 President’s Award went to Tom Barnes, NCA President-Elect, Jon Griggs, NCA First Vice President and Hanes Holman, Second Vice President. They each were presented with a custom tooled leather binder from Capriola. The 100,000 Miles recipient this year was given to Richard (Dick) Swisher. Members of the Swisher family presented the NCA sponsored recognition for riding over 100,000 miles on horseback during his lifetime. The 2018 NCA Allied Industry Award was presented to the Intermountain Farmers Association (IFA) in Elko, NV. Accepting the award on behalf of IFA was Darla Barkdull, store manager. The employees of IFA in Elko have a long-standing reputation for providing quality service as well as display the character and integrity we all search out to do business

with. Their support of the livestock industry over the past many years is nothing short of fantastic. They were provided with a plaque in appreciation to their continued support of the Association. Dennis Beiroth, a rancher in Mountain City, NV was recognized as this year’s recipient of the NCA Cattlemen of the Year. This award is the most prestigious award that NCA bestows upon one of its own. It was established to recognize NCA members who have made significant contributions to the livestock industry. Dennis has devoted countless hours serving the livestock industry, and the NCA is proud to recognize him as the Cattlemen of the Year. Presenting the award was NCA President Mori and Kelly Barnes from American AgCredit. He was awarded an American Western Hat, compliments of American AgCredit. The NCA would like to congratulate the Teacher of the Year, Dennis Jarrel from Mack Lyon Middle School in Overton, NV. Dennis grew up in Nevada and has lived here most of his adult life. His parents always had livestock, and though they did not ranch or farm on a large scale, he has always had an affinity and appreciation for the agricultural life and heritage. Dennis stated, “I have a deep appreciation for the work of Nevada’s ranchers and farmers and am truly honored to be recognized

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by your [NCA] association.” The award was presented by Sue Hoffman recognizing that Dennis will receive a $1,000 stipend to use on school supplies, donated by the Nevada Agriculture Foundation. Teachers must utilize agricultural information and/or materials within their classroom curriculum in an effort to assist students in learning the importance of agriculture. Learning activities may include but are not limited to an understanding of its impact on the personal lives of the students, the environment, and the economy; and an understanding of how agriculture is part of national heritage. The Nevada Farm Bureau President, Bevan Lister and NCA President Mori presented the three 100-year-old farms and ranches that were awarded Nevada Centennial status. The award recipients were the Miller Ranch of 1914, Pursel Farms of 1918, and the Moura Ranch of 1916. Members of the NCA Executive Committee were recognized and each presented with fencing pliers for their hard work and “mending fences.” These were given as appreciation for their tireless efforts put forth on behalf of the livestock industry. A new award was created this year to honor those who contributed so much to the industry within their lifetime. The 2018 Hall of Honor was given in memory of the late Dean Rhodes of Tuscarora, NV and the late Walt Leberski. At the conclusion of the program, Sam Mori stated that the NCA will continuously work on behalf of its membership because that is the job of the NCA and they are there to help. He looks forward to another year serving as the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association President.


Above: Pictured left to right: Sam Mori, Hanes Holman, Tom Barnes and Jon Griggs


Above: Pictured left to right: Kelly Barnes, Dennis Bieroth and Sam Mori COURTESY PHOTO:

Left: Pictured left to right: Sam Mori, Shammy Rodriguez, Sharon Rhoads and Steve Boies

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78th Annual Red Bluff Bull & Gelding Sale Join us for the 78th Annual Red Bluff Bull & Gelding Sale. Five packed days featuring the highest quality Bulls, Geldings and Stock Dogs available. Two buildings will be filled with merchandise from a variety of vendors for our Trade Show. Don’t forget the popular Red Bluff Western Art Exhibition. Back by popular demand, the B.S. Casino during the Buyer and Consignor Dinner! Visit RedBluffBullSale.com for more info.

Art of the Cowgirl

A gathering to celebrate cowgirls and their contributions to western lifestyle and culture, to raise funds to support up and coming artists to expand their knowledge and skills via fellowships with master artists in their field. Please join us for Art of the Cowgirl as we celebrate, gather and connect western women around horses and western art. We will feature female makers, including master artists, silversmiths, braiders, saddlemakers and horsewomen. The event will not only provide entertainment and honor women of the west, but also provide fellowships to individuals to further their knowledge with master artists in the trade of choice. The contributions of these cowgirl makers are truly worth celebrating and we look forward to sharing them with you. Visit ArtOfTheCowgirl.com Schedule of Events FRIDAY FEBRUARY 8th, 2019 5-9 pm Art of the Cowgirl Legends Reception 5-9 pm Trade Show Opening Day 6-8 Colt Starting, Lee Smith Appetizers and cocktails, Special guests Western Horseman’s Woman of the West Award recipient. SATURDAY FEBRUARY 9th, 2019 ARENA Horsemanship Demonstrations (9am-5pm) 8:30 am Brandi Phillips, Trick Riding presenting “Old Glory” 9-10:30 am Lee Smith Colt Starting with Justine Munns, Reata Brannaman and Kelli Neubert 10:30-11:30 Sharon Edsall, cowdog demonstrations 11:30-12:30 Sandy Collier, reined cow horse demonstration 12:30-1:30 Mesa Pate, Justine Munns, Reata Brannaman, Ranch roping 1:30-2:30 Brandi Phillips, Liberty and Trick Riding 2:30-3:30 Amberley Snyder, Barrel Racing 3:30-5:30 Women’s Ranch Rodeo and Snubbed Up Cowgirl Bronc Riding Exhibition COURTYARD Master Artist Demonstration & Live Music/ Poetry (9am-5pm) Trade Show Shopping All Day 9 am Saddle Making, Nancy Martiny 10 am Bit & Spur and Silver Engraving, Amy Raymond 11 am Rawhide Braiding, Teresa Black 12 pm Cowgirl Poetry, Lynda Thurston 1 pm Fine Art, Jan Mapes 2 pm Round Table Discussion

3 pm Photography, Constance Jaeggi 4 pm Boot Making, Kelly Martin STAGE 5:30-6:30 Reception and Live auction bidder number Sign-up 6:30-8:00 100 years of Western Wear Style Show 8:00-8:30 Art of the Cowgirl Fellowship Auction 8:30-9:00 Art of the Cowgirl Fellowship recipient awards 9:00-11:00 Concert SUNDAY FEBRUARY 10th, 2019 ARENA 8 am – Cowgirl Church 9-10 am Colt Starting with Lee Smith, Justine Munns, Kelli Neubert and Reata Brannaman 10-11 am – Working Ranch Horse demo, Sandy Collier 11 am – Art of the Cowgirl Ranch Preview and trail competition 1 pm Brandi Phillips, Trick Riding 1:30 pm – Art of the Cowgirl Horse and Cowdog Sale 3 pm – New horse owners ride with the clinicians on their new horse COURTYARD Master Artist Demonstration & Live Music/ Poetry (9am-5pm) Trade Show Shopping All Day 9 am Saddle Making, Nancy Martiny 10 am Bit & Spur and Silver Engraving, Amy Raymond 11 am Rawhide Braiding, Teresa Black 12 pm Cowgirl Poetry, Lynda Thurston 1 pm Fine Art, Jan Mapes 2 pm Round Table Discussion 3 pm Photography, Constance Jaeggi 4 pm Boot Making, Kelly Martin

Special Feeder Sales: Second Tuesday of Each Month Tuesday January 8 Tuesday February 12 Saturday Feb. 16 NCA All Breeds Bull Sale Tuesday March 12 NO SALE January 1, New Year's Day.


By Norma Elliott

Can One Thing Change Your Year? It’s that time of year again and you may be thinking…”It’s time to get my life together!” This year we’re going to save money, start that new job, lose the weight, start our own herd, stop letting people control me, this is the year I go back to college, or maybe it’s the year you stop fighting with your spouse. Geez, should I go on? Do you feel overwhelmed already? Boy, I do…maybe that’s why most people give up on resolutions before the second week in January. Have you ever done that. Man you’re feeling great! You’re determined to get it right and the start of a new year is the perfect time. You tennis shoes and workout clothes set aside for the morning. You will get up and exercise! And you do! You start feeling great. Physically you break a sweat! Horray! You check it off the list. Week one and two! Baby you doing it! And it’s all good. But week three rolls around and your alarm doesn’t go off. You can’t find one of your tennis shoes and your workout pants are in the wash. Now you’re in a rush and don’t have time to workout before your morning feed run! “I’ll do it later” and you do! But the motivation is starting to linger. Your conviction to do it is slipping away like ice cream on a hot summers day. You ask yourself, “why am I even doing this! This is crazy, I need more sleep!” And the excuse wagon has rolled into to town. We do this with lots of areas. For you, maybe you’re decided to start that colt? It’s the same. Day one…awesome! We did something… that’s enough. Day 4,5, and 6. You got him following you and responding to a little ground work! Day’s 14-20…you’re shaking a sack and swinging a leg. NICE! But the weather doesn’t hold week four and five. OH DANG! Factors you can’t control overpower you and you feel like a loser. Come on ya’ll you know it’s right…but stick with me we’re about to get it done. So this year lets change what we’ve done in the past. Those things, that obviously didn’t get the desired results. How about trying to do one thing. How is that even possible? Easy. Pick one word. Pick your one why. Pick one thing to change and write out results you want to see. Pick one thing….just one. One thing sometimes is so small but can add up over time. One small thing you’re doing wrong right now that you need to retrain yourself in. Perhaps the one thing is getting up 30 minutes earlier. It might

be the one thing is to stop arguing with your spouse. Maybe the one thing is that you’ve neglected the ONE. Sometimes we’re let numerous opinions creep into our lives and now we’re so dad gum cluttered up that we’ve forgotten to listen to, The One. We do this with resolutions too. We pick too many and feel overwhelmed. We try to overhaul everything. I’m gonna keep the house spotless and workout everyday and show my horse and get that job promotion and have a great relationship with my spouse and save money. You see…too much! I’ve never seen the word New Year’s Resolutions in the Bible, but when I look up the word new I find….“Behold, I have made all things new” Rev. 21:4-5. I also find…… Lam. 3:22-24 NIV “Because of the LORD’s great love we are not consumed, for his compassions never fail. They are new every morning; great is your faithfulness. I say to myself, “The LORD is my portion; therefore I will wait for him.” Isaiah 43:18-19 NIV “Forget the former things; do not dwell on the past. See, I am doing a new thing! Now it springs up; do you not perceive it? I am making a way in the wilderness and streams in the wasteland.” Phil. 3:13-14 NIV “Brothers and sisters, I do not consider myself yet to have taken hold of it. But one thing I do: Forgetting what is behind and straining toward what is ahead, I press on toward the goal to win the prize for which God has called me heavenward in Christ Jesus” Now if I want to learn about this one thing I have to turn to the One to find out what He says. Right here I learn He’s made everything new. He is faithful. He doesn’t dwell on the past, and His focus is clear for us. That goal, to win the prize! That’s enough to clear the skies and direct our focus! I don’t know what your one thing is. But I believe that through Christ you can do anything according to His will. So with that….what is your one thing? Thank you for reading! thecowboypastorswife


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MISCELLANEOUS 2011 Krone 1290 HDPXC 3x4, Cutter, Baler, 29,000 Bales, VFS, Rebuilt...................... $58,500 CaseIH RMX 790 Disk, 14ft Stubble, 32” Blades ...............................................................$41,036 Parma 15 ft. Double Roller, Hydraulic Lift, Gooseneck Hitch .......................................... $19,096 Case IH 530C, Ecolotiger, One Pass Tillage, 5 Shanks .................................................. $39,854 2016 Krone Big X 630 Forage Harvester with Pickup and Corn Heads, DEMO ............. $451,567 Great Plains 18 ft, TurboMax, Hydraulic Adjustable Turbo Coulters ................................ $52,172 Kuhn SR112 Rakes - 3 Left ................................................................................. $2,800 to $5,200 NH BB9080 3x4 Baler, 40,000 Bales ................................................................................. $27,500 Elston GA800 Heavy Duty, Gopher Killer ........................................................................... $4,725 Koenig Finish Ripper with Wings, Rear Crumbler, Hitch ................................................... $18,995 Koenig Ring Rollers, 14 and 16 foot, In Stock .................................................................. CALL Blanket Harrows,1/2 inch to 3/4 inch Tines, In Stock ........................................................ CALL

ALLIE BEAR REAL ESTATE Specializing in Hunting, Ranching and Horse Properties Eureka Farm - 1,080 acres in Diamond Valley

Great farm with 6 pivots, 3 in alfalfa, 1 in wheat and 2 in fescue and garrison that pasture approx. 400 hd from May to November. 1,080 AC -Certificated Water Rights. Three nice homes, large equipment shop, 2 hay barns, 2 feedlots. Working corrals, arena, and loading chute.

Gavica Ranch 10750 Gavica Lane, Paradise Valley. Beautiful 48 acre ranchette near the base of Santa Rosa Mountains. A clean updated home with 3 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, stucco exterior, metal roof, covered patio, spacious garage, carport, lawn and mature trees. The acreage produces approximately 60 ton of prime grass hay. There are 39.36 acres of water rights with a well maintained irrigation system. There is a shop and corrals and currently runs 40 head of cows for 9 months of the year. Unique location!

Clear Creek Ranch Year round cattle ranch with 10,400 Deeded Acres, parcels in Humboldt and Pershing Counties, plus BLM allotment. 6 pivots, 790 irrigated acres, 2 large diameter irrigation wells, ranch manager's home and equipment yard, Log Cottage. Excellent surface and under ground water rights with one of the longest perennial streams in the Great Basin. Price includes all equipment and cattle.

Antelope deeded plus plusBLM BLMpermit permitattached attachedtoto ranch. 5 5 center center pivot’s AntelopePeak PeakRanch​ Ranch​:: 5,300 deeded ranch. pivot’s irrigating acres plus plusanother another28 28acres acreswith withsurface surface water rights of large irrigatingapprox. approx. 583 acres water rights outout of large Beautiful Farm/Ranch 45Miles N of Elko spring. shopand andother otheroutbuildings. outbuildings.This This Elko ranch offered spring. Three Three homes homes plus shop Elko Co.Co. ranch offered at at in Elko County on the headwaters of the North Fork of Humboldt River. Approximately 3000 Located $3,900,000. $3,900,000. Deeded Acres, with 2169 Water Right Acres. Beautiful newly remodeled three story home, duplex with 2 bedrooms, 1 bath in each unit, manufactured home. Airstrip and large aircraft hangar. 6 New Reinke Mason deededacres acresplus plussmall smallBLM BLMpermit.​ permit.​​Summers ​Summers MasonMountain MountainRanch: Ranch: ​3782 deeded upup to to 300300 pairpair In In pivots with over 17,000 feet of large diameter underground mainlines providing very low operating the tostock stockwatering wateringsources sourcesand and new corrals. thepast. past. Recent Recent improvements improvements to new setset of of corrals. costs of gravity stream water. Landowner This isis good goodsummer summerrange! range!$1,750,000. $1,750,000.​PENDING ​PENDING showing Landowner Elk Elk Tag(s). Tag(s). This StillStill showing and andback-up back-up offers offers considered! considered! Ruby at foot footof ofthe theRubies Rubieswith withsurface surfacewater water rights approx.. RubyValley ValleyRanch​ Ranch​:: 1,023 1,023 Acres at rights forfor approx.. 300300 279.93 Acres Lamoille Beautiful Property wih Ruby Mountain Views and seasonal creek. Access is from Lower Lamoille Road. acres acresof ofunderground undergroundwater waterforforirrigation. irrigation.OnOn paved road. acres and andpermits permits for 375 acres paved road. Some Price: ​ ​ ​$​$750./acre. 750./acre. Someimprovements improvements Price: View Complete listings at www.ARanchBroker.com White acres,all allcontiguous, contiguous,approx.. approx..1515 miles South Elko with WhiteFlats:​ Flats:​ Approx. Approx. 2560 2560 deeded deeded acres, miles South of of Elko with 775-738-8535 • 775-777-6416 Allie Bear, Broker/Realtor fence Wouldmake makeaagood goodseeding! seeding!Price: Price: $499,500. fencefor for44 miles miles already. Would $499,500. Dawn Mitton, Broker/Realtor

Bottari & Associates Realty

Jiggs, ​ 20 20deeded deededacres acreswith withapprox.. approx.. 126 with surface water Jiggs,Nevada NevadaSmith Smith Creek Creek Property​ Property​:: ​ ​ 22 126 with surface water rights Greathomesite homesitealready alreadycarved carvedout out above rightsout outof of Smith Smith Creek. Great ofof thethe hillhill above thethe meadows trees planted. Oncounty county maintained road approx.. miles meadowswith with well well and trees planted. On maintained road approx.. 30 30 miles Paul D. Bo�ari, Broker out Ranch outof of Elko. Elko. Price: Price: $700,000. $700,000.

E-mail: paul@bottarirealty.com • Bus. 775-752-3040 • Res. 775-752-3809 • Fax 775-752-3021 • 122 8th Street • P.O. Box 368 • Wells, NV 89835

properties now available through Bottari and Associates Realty


Still showing and accepting backup offers

Antelope Peak Ranch

5,300 deeded plus BLM permit attached to ranch. 5 center pivot’s irrigating approx. 583 acres plus another 28 acres with surface water rights out of large spring. Three homes plus shop and other outbuildings. 1 land owner Elk Tag. This Elko Co. ranch offered. Price: $3,900,000.

Mason Mountain Ranch

Smith Creek Property,

3782 deeded acres plus small BLM permit. Jiggs, Nevada Summers up to 300 pair in the past. 220 deeded acres with approx. 126 with Recent improvements to stock watering sources and new set of corrals. Landowner surface water rights out of Smith Creek. Elk Tag(s). This ia a good summer range! Great homesite already carved out of the hill above the meadows with well and trees planted. On county maintained road Price: $1,750,000. approx. 30 miles out of Elko. REDUCED Price: $650,000.

Need More Ranch Listings

Flatnose Ranch

Located 7 miles East of Pioche, Nevada. 680 acres with approx.. 400 acres with water rights. Approx. 210 acres now in production being irrigated with 4 center pivots and handlines. Ranch gets between 3 and 10 landowner Mule Deer tags each year. Borders the Echo Reservoir Recreation area. Priced at Appraisal: $2,700,000.

Sold in the last 6 months: Z Bar Ranch, Bar O Ranch and approx. 14,000 deeded acres in Clover Valley. Have buyers looking let me sell your ranch or farm!

For additional information on these properties go to:


Market Report Fallon Livestock Exchange Fallon, Nevada

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

154-171 avg

108-146 avg

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb.

700-800 lb.

800+ lb.

Slaughter Cattle 48.50-50. Butcher 50 Bulls

Breakers (Fat Cows)

134-160 126-140 avg 97-111 98-116 avg Boners (Med. Flesh) avg avg 138-150 avg 130-131 avg 120-139. 113-116 avg 131-140 110-130 avg Cutters (Lean) Heifers 50 avg avg Preg Tested 3,4,5 year solid Top 3 cows: 1,297 lbs (avg. 62) Shelly Cutters (Thin) mouth 860-1125 December 18​h​, 2018 sale; volume: N/A. Single, small-framed or plainer cattle 30 to 65 less than top offering. Steers

Stock Cattle by Weight

Cattlemen’s Livestock Marketing Galt, Calif.

Shasta Livestock Auction Yard, Cottonwood, Calif.

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb. #1 quality

400-500 lb. #1 quality

No test No test

150-177 135-155

600-700 lb. #1 quality 140-157 130-141


Shelly Bulls

No test

40.50-43. 50 No test

Cutter Bulls


Top Bull


Slaughter Cattle 700-800 lb. #1 quality 130-151 125-138

800+ lb. #1 quality

Boner Cows


130-143.60 No Test

Breaker Cows Cutter Cows

30-40 30-35



Pairs: no test December 12, 2018 sale; volume 2,295. Market notes: Compared to previous week slaughter cattle were cheaper. Compared to the previous week feeder cattle under 600 lbs were steady. Compared to the previous week feeder cattle over 600 lbs were steady.

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

160-194 150-177

160-208 138-159

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 150-178 130-155.75 120-145. 117-135 50

700-800 lb. 120-144 120-130

800+ lb.

High yielding

120-136.50 No test

Medium yielding Low yielding

Slaughter Cattle 45-50 Bulls


32-44 25-32

Results from December 21, 2018 sale; volume 3,159. Market notes: Cull cow prices steady. Grass steers $4-$15 higher; grass heifers $5-$20 higher. Grow yard cattle steady $3 higher. Off, small and single lots $30-$60 below top.

300-400 lb.

Treasure Valley Livestock Caldwell, Idaho

500-600 lb. #1 quality 145-165 130-151


Steers Heifers

130 avg. 125 avg.

Stock Cattle by Weight (Friday Sale) 400-500 lb. 500-600 600-700 lb. 700-800 lb. lb. 140 avg. 130 avg. 120 avg. 100 avg. 125 avg. 115 avg. 90 avg. 85 avg.

Pairs 1300-1400 lb No Test

Slaughter Cattle (Monday sale) 49.25 avg Bulls 1800#+

800+ lb.

Cows 1700# +

91-100 avg. 90 avg.

Cows 1400-1700# Cows 1100-1400#

47 avg. 48.50 avg.

Bulls 1400-1800#

54 avg

Cows 800 – 1000#

34.50-44 avg.

Bulls 1000-1400#

51.25 avg

Stock Cows 1200-1300lb 760 avg.

55.50 avg

Results from December 14, 2018 Beef cattle sale (held each Friday) and December 17, 2018 butcher cows / bulls sale (held each Monday). No volumes reported for either sale. Notes: 1901 E. Chicago, Caldwell, Idaho, (208) 459-7475, (800) 788-4429, www.treasurevalleylivestock.com

7 Rivers Livestock Commission Emmett, ID

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

141 avg

146.40 avg

No Test


Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 137.16 avg 129.10

800+ lb.

High Yielding


125.75 avg

119.45 avg


Medium Yield




No Test

Thin Cows



Heiferettes: 61 avg

Pairs, full mouth Bred Heifers $975 No Test Results from December 11​th​, 2018 To consign or other questions call the office @ 208-365-4401 Sale every Tuesday at high noon.

Stock Cattle by Weight

Producers Livestock, Salina, Utah

Slaughter Cattle Bulls

700-800 lb.

Steers Heifers

Slaughter Cattle

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

500-600 lb.

600-700 lb.

700-800 lb.

800+ lb.











125-133.5 0


Cows: 40-50

Commercial/Utility Cows

No Test

Cutting Bulls


Slaughter Bulls


Heiferettes: No Test


December 12​ , 2018; volume: 1,301 The figures on this report are computer generated from “The Hottest Sale in the West” at Producers Livestock in Salina, UT. Notes: For great service contact the Salina Producers Auction at (435) 529-7437. For current market information call toll free 1-888-287-1702.

Producers Livestock, Vale, Ore.

Steers Heifers

300-400 lb.

400-500 lb.

150-173 132-158

147-174 130-155

Stock Cattle by Weight 500-600 600-700 lb. lb. 144-169 141-152 131-146 130-139

700-800 lb. 134-138 117-128

800+ lb. 127-134 No Test

Butcher Cows – bulk Shelly Cows

Slaughter Cattle 43-51 Butcher Bulls 33-43

Top Bull

46-570 58

Young cow pairs Older BM cows Heiferettes: 67-81 No Test No test December 19​ , 2018 volume: 1054 Fairly steady to a bit softer than the “Special feeder sale market last week”. Questions about the market and/or to consign, call Producers Livestock, Vale Oregon, at (541) 473-3136 th​


Auction Directory Get the most up-to-date market reports by visiting these websites NEVADA Nevada Livestock Marketing LLC Sale every Wednesday 1025 North Allen Road, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 423-7760 Fax: (775) 423-1813 www.nevadalivestock.us • Fallon Livestock LLC Sale every Tuesday 2055 Trento Lane, Fallon, Nevada Office: (775) 867-2020 Fax: (775) 867-2021 www.fallonlivestock.com • Superior Livestock Auction Load-lots of cattle sold via satellite and the Internet Northern Nevada

Representative Allie Bear (775) 738-8534 www.superiorlivestock.com

CALIFORNIA Shasta Livestock Auction Yard Sale every Friday Cottonwood, California Office: (530) 347-3793 Fax: (530) 347-0329 www.shastalivestock.com • Cattlemen’s Livestock Market Sale every Wednesday 12495 E. Stockton Blvd., Galt, California Office: (209) 745-1515 www.clmgalt.com

IDAHO Producers Livestock Marketing Assn.

11 South 100 West, Jerome, Idaho Office: (208) 324-4345 Cattle auction every Tuesday; dairy auction every-other Wednesday www.producerslivestock.com • Treasure Valley Livestock Auction Beef sale every Friday; General sale every other Saturday 1901 E. Chicago, Caldwell, Idaho Office: (208) 459-7475; (800) 788-4429 treasurevalleylivestock.com • Twin Falls Livestock Commission

www.twinfallslivestock.com Office: (208) 733-7474 630 Commercial Ave. Twin Falls, ID

OREGON Producers Livestock Marketing Sale every Wednesday P.O. Box 67, Vale, Oregon Office: (541) 473-3136 www.producerslivestock.com • Central Oregon Livestock Auction Sale Every Monday 3457 S.W. Hwy. 97 Madras, Oregon Office: (541) 475-3851 www.centraloregonlivestock

Livestock Auction Services SALE EVERY WEDNESDAY! Jack Payne, Mgr.: 775-217-9273 Carey Hawkins: 208-724-6712 Office: 775-423-7760

Shasta Livestock Auction Yard Cottonwood, CA Sale Every Friday Phone: 530-347-3793 For more information and to watch the sales go to:

SALE EVERY TUESDAY 2055Trento Lane, Fallon, NV 89406 (775) 867-2020 - Fax (775) 867-2021 FallonLivestock.com - Email FallonLivestock@gmail.com Tommy Lee, Owner (775) 741-4523 office (775) 217-2259

SALE January 09-10, 2019 Bellringer XXXII Video Auction January 24, 2019 Video Auction Consignment Deadline JAN. 14th February 7, 2019 Video Auction Consignment Deadline JAN 28th



All In A Day’s Ride

This is the time of the year when you get to turn your horses loose for a well-deserved rest. They been on the road all summer and fall, an so have you. Told everyone at the barn, “Think I’ll slow down, take a day or two off and maybe relax. Kick off the ol boots & spurs and loose the Wranglers, might just put on a Commentary by tank top, thongs and shorts.” David W. Glaser The response from the barn, was not encouraging. They said things like, “Don’t do it!” “That is visual picture I don’t want to see!” “Thongs, seriously, you’re weird?” I had to explain to the young lady I really meant Flip Flops. After a quick check of the temperature and the weather forecast, believe, I have to rethink the attire. Seriously, it’s all about kicking back, enjoying some time with the family over the Holidays and visiting with some old friends, you haven’t seen for a while. A person doesn’t realize how important that is until you get a call from a guy you haven’t seen or heard from in years. Happened to me and it was like a wakeup call, cause we were talking about old times and fellers we rode with. It was good to hear, that quite a few were still upright and kicking, but there were also a few empty saddles. I made myself a promise, to make an effort to contact more old friends and it has been very rewarding. Seems like after we exchange the pleasantries, we get to telling stories. Usually they start out, “Do you remember when?” or “I’ll never forget!” or “One time, when I was!” Most of them were really funny or very exciting. Some of those bunk house tales went like this. Do you remember when we were running a bunch of Mexican steers on a forest permit up in central Idaho? You & I went up to check on them and our little Mexican cowboy who was keeping an eye on them. When we rode into his camp, Jose’ was happy to see us and he said “Vac’s muy Bueno”. You told him we were just going to ride through them for a quick check. Jose’ in his very broken English said, “Senior ef yous sees a leetle brown bear, wif a rieta roun

hess neck…….is my rope!” It was a cold day and I was visiting with a tough old cowboy friend, course we were talking about the old days and riding in the winter in the ice & snow. The subject came up about keeping your ears warm. In those days any self-respecting cowboy would not trade his felt cowboy hat in for a winter cap. Not sure who came up with the idea, but it worked. First you had to find a lady who wore nylons, the kind that were held up by a garter belt. Then you had to sweet talk her out of one leg, non-returnable! This was the tricky part, some how you had to make sure her thigh was bout the same size as you head. It was best if you were pretty good friends with this lady. Next you take a pair of scissors and cut bout a foot and a half off the top and tie a knot on the small end. You then place the large end over your head and ears and top it off with the cowboy hat. That folks was the original cowboy ear muff. One of my ol Buckaroo friends said, “One time when I had my grandson helping me.” I told him about the Nylon ear muffs. Well, time has evolved from the ol days, it’s hard to find just a nylon leg. The young lad, not being much of a lady’s man yet, and not knowing the difference between a nylon leg and panty hose, “borrowed” an old pair of Granny’s Panty Hose. Somewhere in the instruction on how to construct the ear cover, an important task was lost. The grandson showed up the next morning, the Panty hose intact with the opening over his head, one leg stuffed up under his hat and the other hanging out over his shoulder. The issue here was, his Granny being a rather large lady, so was the opening and that opening was way to big for the young man’s head and the waist band kept falling down over his eyes and face. After Lew almost fell of his horse laughing, he took his knife out and cut one leg off below the knee, tied a knot, place it on the lad’s head, tossed the rest of the panty hose in the brush and they rode off. I’ll never forget when we went into that bar that time and those two big ol tough looking, loud talking ladies were setting next to you. They were talking in some kinda foreign dialect. I remember you asking them, “Are you two ladies from Ireland?” And the big mean looking one, barked back “Whales.” Don’t think you should have said, “Okay are you two Whales from Ireland?” I’m till laughin about the Doc telling you “You should be able to see out of the right eye in a couple days, the left will take a week and don’t blow your nose for two weeks.”

The last of the geese went by the other day. The late ones. The big dark geese. Headed south noisily. I used to envy them, somehow. They go down there to the warm coastal areas where the jacks swim and the nights are chilly but livable this time of year. If they’re especially sensitive geese, they’ll keep going until there are mangoes and palm trees and the language of the people is Spanish. But they cross over here in their long, languorous vees, and all we can do is look up and wonder what our lives would be like if we could go along. To fly over the farms and valleys, to coast along on the rising thermals, to sail down the long way to warmth and sand and comfort, how nice it might be. But if we did that, we’d miss the snow, and the fire in the fireplace when the work was done in the evening. We’d miss how the snowy world looks just at dusk when the snow is an alpenglow orange and tells us secrets it has saved for us all these years. If we went to the winter feeding grounds, we wouldn’t be able to appreciate how splendid the spring will be with the basking rays of sun on our necks and the swelling of the buds in the fruit trees. To truly appreciate warmth, we must

first get cold, and that’s evidently a part of our lives that the geese won’t ever get to share. Of course, they seem quite content to sail on down the southern winds to the warm places, leaving us to wrap ourselves tighter in thicker clothes and dream of sandy beaches and snorkels. Have a good winter, geese. Eat a crab or two for me. You see, I’ll be here for you to honk at when you head north again in the spring. I’ll be right here, living in the same place. Cold or hot, windy or still, my world and my responsibilities are here, and I’ll be right here taking care of them. It’s my way of doing things, and I’m used to it.


Contact David to purchase his book dhranch3@gmail.com or call 208-9895404

Brought to you by Ol’ Max Evans, the First Thousand Years, available at www.unmpress,com.

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3/13/2018 8:55:48 AM


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LORENZEN RANCHES • 22575 Skyview Lane • Bend, Oregon 97702

Larry Lorenzen 541.969.8034 | Sam Lorenzen 541.215.2687 | www.lorenzenranches.com



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