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The U.S. women won their eighth consecutive team crown at the 1991 Pan American Games. Stephanie Woods won the all-around title and the balance beam event. Teammate Chelle Stack racked up a gold medal for the U.S. on floor exercise. For the men, the U.S. earned the team silver medal. Dominick Minicucci won a gold medal on parallel bars and Mike Racanelli won a gold medal on floor exercise ............... 14

The 1991 World Gymnastics Championships was held in Indianapolis, Ind., on September 6-15. The Soviet Union dominated both the men's and women's team competition. The U.s. women, "the new kids on the block," earned the silver medal in the team competition and Kim Zmeskal became the 1991 World Champion. The U.S. men placed fifth, a remarkable finish since an injury forced the team to compete with only five gymnasts. Scott Keswick qualified into the individual event finals .......................... ......................... 22

Scott Keswick was the top gymnast for the U.S. in the all-around competition. Keswick also qualified for two event finals, still rings and high bar.

D EPA R T MEN T S USGF EDITORIAL.. ••••••••••• 6 USGF REPORT •••••••••••••• 37 ASK MARY LOU ••••••••••• 10 GYMNASTICS UPDATE••• 39 EVENT SCHEDULE••••••••• ll

WGC NOTEBOOK•••••••••••40

FACES IN THE GYM ••••••• 12 CLASSIFIED ADS ••••••••••42 EVENT RESULTS ••••••••••• 36 WGC RESULTS ••••••••••••••44

Cover Photo of the U.S. World Championships Team by Rob Banayote

USA GYMNASTICS (ISSN 0748-M(6) is published bimo nthly for $15 per yea r in the U.s.; all other countri es $32 per yea r_USA GYMNASTICS is publis hed by the Uni ted States Gymnas hcs Federation, Pan American Plaza, 201 S. Ca pitol Ave., Ste. 300, Indianapolis, Indiana 46225. Second class postage paid a l Indianapolis, IN 46204 and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send add ress changes to USA GYMNASTICS. 201 S_ Capitol Ave_. Suite 300, Indianapolis, lN 46225_ United States Gym nastics Federahon (USPS 005-666) (ISSN 0748-6006) The United States Gymna stics Federation (USGF) is the sole nationa l governing body for the sport of gy mn astics. A no t-for-profi t o rga ni za tion , th e USGF selects, trains and ad mini sters the U.s. Gymnastics Tea m, including th e U.s. Olympic Gymnastics Team. Contributions and support are a lways welco me and are tax·d ed uctibl t'. ©1991 USCF and USA GYMNASTICS. All rights reserved_ Printed in the USA.



recently had an opportunity to • see the facilities used by a major league baseball team. Since the stadium was less than one year old, the facilities were surely amongst • the best in professional sports. Needless • tosay, itwasquiteimpressive.Spacious· locker rooms, meeting rooms and video • rooms were all a ppropria tely decora ted • with traditional memorabilia that gave' a strong presence of the great traditions • of the game. The equipment room boasted enough equipment to make even the best stocked sporting goods store jealous. The training room was larger than one would ever imagine and • jammed full of high tech and sophisticated electronic equipment. A lavish • and large weight training room with • equally spacious rehabilitation facilities • were closely situated to saunas, whirl- • pools, jacuzzis and personal grooming • areas. In addition, a large number of • professional staff supervised and took care of every single aspect of the opera- • tion. Add to this an x-ray room, therapy • rooms, dining rooms and training tables, • all appropriately decorated and super- • vised. Nothing was left to the athletes. imagination. I felt awkward thinking of • our clubs who must basically do the • exact same thing as our professional sports teams do; they must prepare our • sport's very best athletes to compete • with the rest of the world. And while the • comparison may seem unreasonable, • many similarities do exist. First of all, at the level of the best in • sport, it is performance and results that • are ultimately evaluated. It makes little • difference how the coach and that ath- • lete prepare. Preparation is only evalu- • a ted based on the results ofthe competi- • tive performance. And, at this level, we • are all well aware, there are no places for • excuses and second chances. There is • little tolerance for mistakes. We read •




almost every day about sports managers and coaches losing their jobs over poor performance. The bottom line is that at the top level of sports, results are the method of evaluation and the reason that those athletes and coaches participate. It is no longer just fun and for the love of the game. It is a quest, a drive, a fight and an inherent challenge to be the best at what one does. There is no place for compromise. So, can we realistically expect our sport's top athletes to be treated and evaluatedlikesports'bestprofessionals? I can perhaps best answer that with another question; is it acceptable to the U.S. population to merely compete in the Olympic Games or do Americans expect and want us to win? Without a doubt, we are evaluated in our sport's greatest contest based on whether or notwe win medalso Our success carries over in public opinion, attitude of sponsors, media and television and the image that attracts new participants to our sport. It is our job and responsibility to win medals in world competition. It is our intention to continue to do just that.

Publisher MikeJacki Editor LuanPeszek Men's Program Administrator Robert Cowan Women's Program Administrator Kathy Kelly Rhythmic Program Administrator Nora Hitzel



United States Gymnastics Federation Board Of Directors Executive Director. Mike Jado; President: Mike Donahue; President Emeritus: Bud Wilkinson; Athlete Representatives: Brian Babcock, chair; Wendy Hilliard, VIce chair; LindaKardos-Barnett, sec; Kelly Garrison; Tim Daggett; Jim Hartung; Michelle Dusserre; Karyn Lyon; Peter Vidmar, USOC Athletic Advisory Council; Amateur Athletic Union: Julie Sickels; American Sokol Organization: Jerry Milan; American Turners: Bruno Klaus; Junior Boys Gymnastics Coaches Association: Bill Foster; Men's Elite Coaches Association: Fred Roethlisberger; National Association for Girls and Women in S!,orts: Dr. Mimi Murray; National Association of ColleSlate Gymnastics Men: Abie Grassfeld; National ASSOCiation of Collegiate Gymnastics Women: Gail Davis; National Association of Women's Gymnastics Judses: Yvonne Hodge; National Collegiate Athletic Association: Cheryl Levick, Dave Mickelson; National Federation of State High SchoolAssociations:Sharon Wilch,Susan True; National G~astics Judges Association: Harry Bjerke; National HIgh School Gymnastics Coaches AssocIation: John Brinkworth; National Jewish Welfare Board: Courtney Shanken; Rhythmic Coaches Association: Suzie DiTullio; Special Olympics, [nc.: Kate Faber; U.S. Association of Independent Gym Club: Lance Crawley; U.S. Elite Coaches Association for Women: Mary WriJlht, Chere Hoffman; U.S. Sports Acrobatics Federation: Joe Schabacker; Young Men's Christian Association: Rick Dodson; USGF National Membership Representatives: Men's: Dave Strobel, Bob Wuornos; Women's: Joan Moore Rice, Jeff Metzger; Rhythmic: Marina Davidovich, Jolle Barretta.



United States Gymnastics Federation Executive Committee President: Mike Donahue; Secretary: Mike Milidonis; Vice President-Women: Sue Ammerman; Vice President-Men: Jim Howard; Vice President-Rhythmic: Norma Zabka; Executive Director. Mike JaOO; FIG Women'sTechnical Committee: Jackie Fie; FIG Rhythmic TechnicalCommittee: Andrea Schmid; FIG Men's Technical Committee: Bill Roetzheim; Members-At-Large: Roe Kreutzer; Nancy Marshall; Athlete Representatives: Linda Kardos Barnett, Peter Vidmar, Brian Babcock, Wendy Hilliard; President Emeritus: Bud Wilkinson.


Associate Content Editors SPORTS SCIENCE ADVISORY COMMITTEE: Marlene Adrian, Ph.D. Gerald S. George, Ph.D. Patty Hacker, Ph.D. Merrill A. Ritter, M.D. William Sands, Ph.D. Stephen W. Whitlock

Unless expressly identified to the contran', all artides, statements and VIews_printed herein are attril5uted solely to the author and the United States Gymnastics Federafion r~f:~rs no opinion hereon and assumes no responsibility

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991





"We care about the sport"

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hilethenameconjures up images of circus performers and stage shows, acroba tics is really one of the oldest of sports disciplines. There is archaeological evidence in the form of drawings and statuettes that somersaults, handstands, and bridges were known many centuries BC in China, Egypt, and Persia. Akrobates meant" climbing" in Greek and competitions in acrobatic exercises were a part of every celebration and holiday. Later, the Roman circus spread the drama and spectacle of acrobatics throughout the Roman Empire. After the fall of the Roman Empire, acrobatics was accorded only minor interest until the Renaissance in Europe, when it was revived in several forms in different countries. These exercises became the basis for training in many other sports including gymnastics, diving, and even figure skating. The best-known acrobatic exercises are the "acrobatic jumps" or tumbling. Tumbling was even contested in the Olympic Games of 1932. Competitive acrobatics, or sports acrobatics as it was then called, began with competitions in the Soviet Union in 1939 for men with women's events added the next year. Of course, exhibition acrobatics had been popular for many years. Competitive acrobatics evolved and grew in the east European countries with one of the earliest international competitions held in 1957 in Warsaw, Poland. While ac-


robatics progressed to a competitive level in the eastern European countries, in the West, only the professional club scene and the circus promoted acrobatics, although hand-balancing competitions were held among west coast colleges in the 1930's and 40' s. In 1973, the International Federation of Sports Acroba tics (IFSA) was formed. Interestingly, the organization, although the "child" of the USSR, was not to be affiliated with similar international sports federations such as gymnastics or trampoline because of differences in philosophy among

the principal organizers. The U.S. became affiliated with IFSA in 1975 and has been sending athletes to international competitions ever since. The first national championships of the U.S. Sports Acrobatics Federation (USSAF) was held in June 1976. The USSAF is recognized as the national governing body of the sport in this country. Sports Acrobatics was officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1987. Comparisons with gymnastics are inevitable, and everyone wants to know how sports acrobatics is different.

We note that tumbling is common to both sports. In acrobatics, tumbling is part of the pair / group events as well as an event of its own for men and women. Tumbling as done in sports acrobatics is probably moresirnilar to the gymnastics-style tumbling with its emphasis on the "Big Trick" and few elements than to the traditional power tumbling (5 and 10 skill passes) long practiced in tumbling clubs. An important difference, too, is the use of a raised, spring platform which enables the tumbler to perform skills reminiscent of using trampolines or springboards. Who needs a 10-element pass when the platform enables layout double backs, full-ins, double fullins, and triple backs? Chinese tumblers have even performed the triple front salto on the tumbling platform! Today, a few gymnastics teams have discovered the great training aid of platform tumbling for floor exercise and have installed these springy adjuncts next to their foam landing pits. Where gymnastics hasits all-around with the gymnast performing on all six (men) or four (women) pieces of apparatus, the acrobatic equivalent is mastery of three exercises in one event. The tumblers do straight salto, twisting salto, and mixed salto passes. The pairs (women, men, mixed) and women's trios do exercises of balance, tempo, and combinations of balance and tempo.ThefourmendoonIy balance and tempo exercises.

By Dick Criley & Edited By Jed Friend 8

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991







The event title is won by the highest total of the scores of the three exercises as done in the preliminaries. Finals are contested only in straight and twisting saltos (except in the USSAF where an award is given for the combined pass, as well) and in balance and tempo exercises. The exercises of the pair / group events (except the men's four balance exercise in which a single pyramid is constructed) are performed to music. Besides the paired acrobatic elements, individual elements of dance, tumbling, strength and flexibility are also used. Balance and tempo exercises last just under three minutes. The requirements emphasize versatility, cooperation and imagination, and provide a challenge to the dance teacher, physical education instructor, and gymnasticscoach who becomes involved. Indeed, sports acrobatics may be seen as the missing link in the overall gymnastics picture. The scope for creating imaginative patterns and combinations in sports acrobatics is limitless. While gymnastics' floor exercise similarly requires strength, mobility, flexibility, and power, in pair and group work the partnersmustbecomplirnentary in their movemen t. Partnersmustbechosenwithcare for matching competencies. The need to use a partner as an "apparatus" on which to balance or fly-over or land creates specific physical demands but also stresses partner relationships. Trust, cooperation, confidence, teamwork- these are qualities engendered by participation in sports acrobat-

ics. Sports acrobatics can be quite complimentary to existing gymnastics, dance, and cheerleading programs as it enhances both competition and exhibition opportunities. Because special, expansive equipment is not required for pair / group events, it is easy to set up a program. Even those who may not have the potential to attain national caliber gymnastics can find enjoyment doing the basic partner acrobatic skills. Age is no barrier, and the requirement for both sexes in the 7event program certainly makes sports acrobatics an equal opportunity sport. Call it sports acrobatics, tumbling, adagio, hand-balancing, pyramid-building, or acrogymnastics-it is an attention-gathering sport. Because a springy tumbling platform is not always available,- most- tumbling skills are learned on strip mats or on gymnastics floor exercise rna ts. While there are a lot of books about tumbling, it is not easily learned just by reading, and an instructor must know that a safe progression is the key element in developing good tumblers. Once the basic elements of power tumbling have been learned, more complicated combinations of tumbling skills are constructed. Platform tumbling is really for those who have developed a keen sense of timing and kinesthesia and mastered all the progressions of power tumbling. Choosing a partner, or partners,isanimportantstep in pair/group work. Look for someone dependable and responsible who is excited about working on a routine and whose schedule coordi-

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

nates with yours. Select someone you enjoy working with! Size and skill are important, of course, but a partner who is physically right, but disinterested and unreliable can jeopardize the sucGessof-yeur routine. Geaches can often recommend suitable matches, but only with time spent working together can the proper choice be confirmed . Women's pairs and trios are obvious events for many gymnastics clubs, dance studios, and cheerleading groups . Finding suitable male partners is more difficult, but one can look to the same sources as well as to related activities such as cheerleading. Older gymnasts may find that sports acrobatics is right for them when graduation means they no longer have access to a gym full of apparatus. Their physical maturity and mastery of artistic movement are bonuses as well. As dance is such an integral part of the sports acrobatics exercise, it is advisable to gain some experience in

this area as well. Take classes in ballet, jazz, or modern dance to gain a feeling and appreciationforrhythm,line, and coordination patterns. Since the sports acrobatics exercise also contains many individualelements,all partners need skills in dance, tumbling, and individual elements of balance, strength, and flexibility. How Does One Get Started? There are about 100 Sports Acrobatics clubs nationwide, and more and more gymnastics clubs, dance schools, and cheerleading organizations are adding Acro to their repertoire. In the near future, YMCA's will be adding programs of their own. Finally, the USSAF has initiated a collegiate level of competition so that both gymnastics and cheerleading programs will be able to participate. For more infonnationregarding Sports Acrobatics, please call or write to: U.s. Sports Acrobatics Federation, 3595 E. Fountain, Suite JI, Colorado Springs, CO 80910. Phone (719)596-5568. 9


• please give me some suggesHow did you make hard • tions so I can get better at and scary moves look easy • vault! Tanya Lynn Fernley when you were competing? Burbank, California Emily Jackson

Winston Salem, North Carolina Dear Emily, I never competed a hard or scary move in a meet unless I was completely confident and comfortable with the skill. Your coach shouldn't let you perform a difficult skill in a competition unless you are completely ready.

DEAR MARY LOU, I'm 8 years old and a Level 5. I am having trouble on the vault. It is because I slow down when I am running to the board. I also bend my legs on my vault. Can you



• Dear Tanya, If you want to be a good • • vaulter, you can't slow down • • when you're running to the • • board. Don't be afraid. Just • • make sure your steps are • • right and go for it. Practice • • running to the horse as fast • • as you can and right before • • you hit the board do a big • • leap to the side of it. We did • • this at Karolyi's everyday for • . warm-up. It really helps. • • Now for your legs, why are' • you bending them? Proper • • form and technique on vault • • are crucial elements. Practice • • on the correct form. Keep • • those legs straight.

I'm a Level 8 Optional gymnast. Wejustgotanewcoach and he says that we shouldn't swing our arms before we do standing flip flops . I told my other coaches tha tit's totally messing me up, but all they say is just do it the way he told you. Is the coach right? Rena Fox


co., >

(5 QJ

Lemont, fllinois




Dear Rena, I suggest you talk to your coach and tell him that you are having trouble with his new technique on standing flip flops. Tell him you learned the flip flop another way and ask for extra help to learn it the new way. He should spend some extra time with you.

c: "• • • • •

lJ <f) ::l

Mary Lou Retton at WGC Opening Ceremonies.

If you would like to ask • Mary Lou a question, write to: USA GYMNASTICS, • Pan American Plaza, 201 S. Capitol Ave., Ste. 300, Indianapolis, IN 46225.

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USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991



(Dates & Events Subject to Change or Cancellation) Prepared by: Allison Melangton, Director of Special Events


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Jamie Vaning

Brooke Joffrion

Jenna Hernnann

Reading, Pennsylvania Jamie, age II, won two titles at the Level 6 Pennsylvania State Championships in May '91. Jamie earned a first on floor with a 9.5 and first all-around with a 36.75. She also placed second on beam with a 9.2, scored 9.0 on bars and 9.05 on vault. Jamie is in her second year of competition with Berks Gymnastics Academy in Reading, Pa.

Donaldsonville, Louisiana Brooke, 10, is a two-time Louisiana State Champion-in 1990 she won Level 5 and in 1991 Level 7. Brooke trained at Ron Galirnore's in Tallahassee, Florida and, due to a family move, has been training at LSU Bengal Gymnastics in Baton Rouge, Louisiana for the past one and one half years. She is coached by Dennis, Dan and Tanya Hayden.

Santee, California Jenna, 11, is currently an elite gymnast and trains at SDSU's Aztec Gym in San Diego. At Level 9 she won the state meet, taking home the gold medal on uneven bars and balance beam and the silver medal on vault. She is the first elite gymnast in San Diego in four years. At the U.S. Classic Nationals she made the Junior B National Team.


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esPite aboister-

ous Cub a n crowd which made it difficult to concentrate, the U.s. women's team won its eighth Pan American Games Championships title. The US. continued to build on its first round compulsory lead to win the gold medal with an overall total of 380.775 points, while Cuba took the silver medal with 376.675. Canada moved

up one spot in the second day of team competition to win the bronze medal with 373 .825 points. The US. women had the top three overall individual scorers. Stephanie Woods from Capital Gymnastics in Austin, Texas, captain and 1988 U.s. Olympian Chelle Stack from Cypress Academy in Houston, Texas and Kristin McDermott from Parkettes in Allentown, Pa.,

led the team with 76.450, 76.125, and 76.10 points, respectively. The U.s. team outscored the Cubans on va ult and bars in the optional exercises, but then had the first three girls fall on their balance beam routines when the crowd noise reached its highest level. Fourteenyear-old McDermott came back strong, however, with a 9.775, to steady the U.S. effort and Woods finished the

event rotation with another 9.775 score, despite not having had time to warm up her routine. "The crowd was real loud and I was a little more nervous on beam because I didn't get to do my full warm up, just a flip flop before the time ran out," Woods said. "But I knew I just had to concentrate on what I had to do and it was easier after that. I was conscious of the noise, but I blocked it out."


USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991












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a Cheryl Jarrett congratulates Anne Woynerowski on her silver medal on vault.

ALL-AROUND Woods and-Stack placed one and twain theall-around competition with scores of 38.60 and 38.525, respectively. On her first of two vaults, Woodsearneda9.625, which, unbeknownst to her, assured her of the gold medal. She came back on her second vault to earn a 9.675, but still didn' t know she'd won the gold, her first in an international competition. 'While I was in the meet, I knew I wanted to win, so I told myself to just concentrate and stick everything," Woods said. "But I thought we (she and Stack) were tied up until the very end." "Vault is my favorite event, because I like to just run and find the air," Woods added. "I still thought I could have done a better vault, though, because I usually lay

Stephanie Woods won three gold medals in the team, all-around and balance beam.

out a little more." Woods' previous best in an international competition was a second-place finish at the Buenos Aires Cup in Argentina in 1989, where she was runner-up to 1991 Pan American Games teamma te Juliet Bangerter. Argentina ' s Romina Plataroti ended up with the bronze medal behind Woods

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

and Stack with a score of 38.40, while the USA's Kristin McDermott tied for eighth in the final standings, with 37.650 points.

EVENT FINALS The women finished on a high note, capturing two gold and two silver medals in the individual event finals,

bringing their eleventh Pan American Games final medal count to four golds and three silvers. Woods earned her third gold medal of the competition as she tied Cuba's Leyanet Hernandez, a lastminute replacement, for top honors on the balance beam with a 9.70 score. Stack, the last competitor of the




evening, made sure the long wait to compete had been worthwhile as she took the gold medal on floor exercise, also with a winning score of 9.70. Anne Woynerowskieamed the U.s.'s first individual medal of the evening with a second-place average of9.662 on vault. Hillary Anderson then tied for the silver on the uneven parallel bars with Canada's Mylene Fleury, as each gymnast scored a 9.625 on the apparatus. Brazil's Luisa Parente captured the golds on both events. Woods, the individual all-around champion and gold medalist on beam, was happy with her performances which marked her first international victory. "1 think this meet gave me a lot more experience that will help me to do the best job I can in future meets," she said. "Now I want to get a new floor exercise routine and add some more difficulty."



Stack, who went to the competition hall at 2:30p.m. to warm up with the rest of her teammates, was not about to be denied a medal after an almost six-hour wait before her competition. After helping the U.S. win the team medal and taking the silver in the all-around, Stack wanted the gold medal in the floor exercise event final. "After I waited all day long, I wasn't going to let the Cubans win the gold," Stack said. '1 knew what their scores were and I knew what I had to do." In the final medal count, the U.S. women captured seven overall medals, while Cuba took five, Canada earned three, Brazil won two and Argentina and Guatemala earned one a piece.

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Chelle Stack won the gold medal on floor exercise.







USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991





u.s. MEN WIN SILVER MEDAL !l(YLC!Jl2{'ELLI & gy{Ig{JC~CCI 'E~:J\L qOL'lJ he u.s. men's gymnastics team was- unable tobridge the gap between itself and the strong Cuban squad, as the host country won the team title with a Pan American Games record score of 580.550 points. The Cubans' total surpassed the previous mark of 577.05 earned by the USA men's squad at the 1987 Games. The USA men earned 575.450 points and the silver


medal, while Mexico took the bronze with 558.38. The u.s. team included: Trent Dimas from Gold Cup Gymnastics in Albuquerque, N.M.; Jeff Lutz from University of Oklahoma; Dominick Minicucci from Temple University; Mike Racanelli from Ohio State University; Tim Ryan from Stanford University; Bob Stelter from University of Nebraska; and Mark

Warburton from University of Nebraska. The Americans outscored the Cuban team on the last two rotations-high bar and floor exercise-in the optional portion of the competition, but it was not enough to overcome the 291.80-288.95 margin from the compulsory competition. Racanelli, Dimas and Warburton earned the right to compete in the individual all-around

competition. Dimas, who earned a 9.75 on both the pommel horse and high bar, placed fourth overall among the individuals in the team competition, while Racanelli was fifth and Warburton sixth. U.s. team captain Racanelli earned a 9.75 on the floor exercise in the team's final event of the night to move from fifth place to second place among his teammates and to fifth place overall in the



questionable scores for the Americans. "Of the three, I thought Mark (Warburton) was the only one w ho went through without a major error," Howard said. "His still rings routine was nearly immaculate and I thought he should have received a higher score. "Mike (Racanelli) missed his reverse Hecht (his first release move) on high bar, which hurt him, and Trent's vault hurt his score," Howard added. "Instead of a layout somi with a full twist,hecame onto the horse low and couldn't propel off high enough, so he ended up doing only the layout somi, which is a lower degree of difficulty."

EVENT FINALS The U.S. men earned six

more gymnastics m edals, including two golds, as the individual event finals were marred by controversial judging and a scoring change that nearly cost the U.S. one of its golds. The U.s men appeared to get off to a strong start with Racanelli apparently earning the gold medal with a 9.75 on the floor exercise. But, after the pommel horse and still rings competitions had been completed and the medal ceremonies were about to begin for the first three events, Racanelli was told that his score had been dropped toa 9.65-forallegedly stepping out of bounds on his dismount-and that Cuban Damian Merino's original posted score of 9.60 was actually a 9.70. The medal ceremony was postponed and Racanelli's

Dominick Minicucci won the gold medal on parallel bars. all-around standings. All gymnasts started with a clean sla te in the i\1di vid ual all-around. Each country was allowed a maximum of three competitors in theall-around finals, with a total of 17 men competing for the Pan American Games crown. In addition, the U.S. qualified two men in each of the individual event finals for the six apparatus. On floor exercise, the U.S. entrants were Racanelli and Dimas; pommel horse-Dimas and Minicucci; still rings-Stelter and Warburton; vaultStelter and Dimas; parallel bars-Warburton and Minicucci; and high barMinicucci and Dimas.

ALL-AROUND For the first time since 1979, the USA men were shut out of a medal in the individual all-around gymnastics event at the Pan American Games, as Cuba swept the gold, silver and bronze medals.


Dimas, Racanelli and Warburton finished in a three-way tie for fourth place with 56.90, while Cuba's Erick Lopez, Jose Tejada and Felix Aguilera finished one through three with scores of 58.30,58.10 and 57.75. Lopez led from the second rotation on, after scoring identical marks of 9.80 on his first four events-still rings, vault, parallel bars and high bar-and maintained his lead until the end, despite a weaker sixth and final routine on pommel horse w hich earned him a 9.50. In addition to Lopez's four 9.80 scores-the highest score a warded during the allaround competition-Tejada earned tw09.80'sfor his vault and high bar routines, Aguilera scored one on parallel bars, Dimas tied Lopez for the high mark of the night on still rings and Racanelli earned the highest floor exercise score. U.S. Head Coach Jim Howard was not disappointed with his gymnasts' performances, despite some







Mike Racanelli won the gold medal on floor exercise. USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

u.s.teammates continued on with their event finals, not knowing whether Racanelli had won the gold or silver. Meanwhile, Minicucci took the bronze medal on the pommel horse and Stelter added a bronze on still rings. The U.S. men were shut out of the medals in the vault, but Minicucci turned in a strong performance on the parallel bars and tied for the gold medal with Cuba's Lopezat9.675.Dirnasadded a final medal for the U.s. men with a bronze in the high bar competition. Cuba dominated the evening's competition, winning or tying for 10 of the 21 total medals awarded. Lopez, the individual allaround champion, led the way for the Cubans with two golds and a silver. Merino earned two individual golds and Aguilera earned one gold, one silver and one bronze. But it wasn't until all the event finals were completed that an announcement was made on the floor exercise final.Afterreviewing the television tapes and numerous conferences, the judges could not come to a unanimous decision on whether Racanelli had indeed stepped on the line with his foot, so they compromised and gave Racanelli and Merino a tie for the gold medal, at 9.70. "It was obvious to me that the South American countries are very much aligned with each other," said coach Howard. ''There were some blatant extra swings that weren't counted or reflected in the scores." Racanelli was pleased with his performance despite the final outcome. "All I should really care about is my performance and I felt that it was a really good set," he said. 'We certainly weren't done any favors (with the judging), but I heard some of the other gymnasts and coaches say that they thought I had the best set.

Mark Warburton tied for fourth in the all-around with teammates Mike Racanelli and Trent Dimas. That's why it was such a shock when we were getting ready to march out for the awards ceremony and they told me I'd gotten the silver. "1 knew I was close to the line, but I tried to keep my heel off the ground and I didn't feel the line beneath my foot. It was a little disappoin ting to have done so well and to have the gold medal

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

almost taken away from me under these circumstances," he added. "But, no matter what, I'm still happy with my performance and the gold medal." Minicucci, the USA's other gold medalist, was pleased with his parallel bars routine as well, and happy with his added bronze medal on pommel horse, but was

disappointed for his teammates whom he felt were robbed on some of their routines. "At least we got some medals and I got one of each (gold, silver, bronze)," he said. "Mike (Racanelli) and I each won a gold and I'm really happy that at least we got to hear our national anthem twice tonight."




he U.S. rhythmic team, composed of Naomi Hewitt-Couturier, Diane Simpson and Jenifer Lovell, earned the bronze medal in the team competition with a score of 106.30. Canada won the gold with 108.65 followed by Cuba with 108.30. Cuba's Lourdes Medina took top honors in the allaround competition with a score of 36.90. Hewitt-Couturier, the top U.S. gymnast, won the silver medal in the clubs event, the bronze in rope and finished sixth in the allaround. Lovell tied for the bronze medal in the ball event and placed ninth in the all-around. Eighth place in the all-around went to Simpson. For the first time, the Pan Am Games included a rhythmic gymnastics group competition, utilizing balls and ropes. The U.S. rhythmic gymnastics team, selected by the USGF,



â&#x20AC;˘ Naomi H ewittCouturier was the top finisher for the U.S. in sixth place.

included: Alicia Albe, Carmit Bacher, Kathryn Cleere, Charlene Edwards, Elizabeth Halloran, Molly Johnson, Ingrid Knight and Chanda Rhodes. The group, coached by Karyn Lyon, placed fourth with a score of 17.45. Cuba had the top group, scoring 18.05.

ALL-AROUND 1 2 3 4 5 6

Medina, Lourdes Fuzeci, Mary Cushman, Susan Alarcon, DaneJis Gimotea, Madonna Hewitt Couturier N .


36.50 36.30 35.90 35.85 35.80


Fung, Yalili



8 Simpson, Diane 9 Lovell, Jenifer 10 Fabre, Zarina


35.30 35.20 33.50

TEAM 1. Canada Shannon Miller Uneven 8ars and Team Silver Medalist 1991 World Championships


2. 3. 4. 5.

Cuba United States





108.65 108.30 106.30





USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991




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WORLD GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS T he 1991 World Gymnastics Championships,

held in Indianapolis, Ind., was an over-

whelming success for the United States.

The women's team earned the silver medal, the

highest team finish in history! In doing so, the US.


defeated a highly competitive Romanian squad and finished less than two points behind the powerful Soviets. Kim Zmeskal became the 1991 World Champion, the first ever from the United States. Zmeskal, Betty Okino and Shannon Miller each won an individual event medal for the US. as well. By placing fifth as a team, the U.s. men improved their eighth place standing from the 1989



World Championships by three positions. The US. men were handicapped by the fact that Lance Ringnald was injured during the compulsory competition and the team had to finish with only five gymnasts. The US. team qualified Scott Keswick, Jarrod Hanks and Chris Waller into the all-around competition and all three finished in

-. -


the top 20. In addition, the U.s. qualified Keswick into two event finals. All in all the World Championships was a great





NEW KIDS ON BLOCK CLOSE GAP AS U.S. WOMEN EARN SILVER he Soviets may have won the 26th World Gymnastics Championships Team Competition once again, but the young U.S. team won the spotlight of attention in the international




gymnastics community by earning the silver medal with a score of 394.116 to the Soviets' 396.055. The Soviets averaged a 9.90 on each of their compulsory and optional routines while the U.s. averaged a 9.85. Winning 11 team gold medals in 14 tries since the Soviets first entered the World Championships in 1954, the team included the 1989 World Champion Svetlana Boguinskaia, Oksana Tchusovitina, Tatiana Lisenko, Natalia Kalinina, Tatiana Gutsu and Roza Galieva. Coach Alexander Alexandrov said, "Once again we've won by nearly two points and proved our dominance in the sport." Boguinskaialed throughout the team competition with Tatiana Gutsu in sixth


and Tatiana Lisenko in seventh. Although the Soviets were the superior team, the U.S. moved up from fourth place at the 1989 World Championships and the 1988 Olympic Games, to second at this year's Championships. In addition, the U.S. team defeated the Romanians for the first time in a World Championships competition. "I don't believe it," said head coach Bela Karolyi. "I waited 10 long years for that one. I'm happy for our team and I'm happy to beat a very

J â&#x20AC;˘

Soviet Union's Svetlana Boguinskaia shows her overwhelming disappointment with the all-around silver medal. USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

reputable and famous Romanian team. The U.S. has broken the tradition (of Eastern Bloc dominance of gymnastics) and we've broken it forever." Executive Director of the United States Gymnastics Federation, Mike Jacki, summed it all up by saying, ''This is the greatestthing that has ever happened to American gymnastics as far as I'm concerned." The U.S. team included: Michelle Campi, Hilary Grivich, Shannon Miller, Betty Okino,Kerri Strug,Kirn Zmeskal and alternates Sandy Woolsey and Elisabeth Crandall. The average age of the competitive team was 14.5 years-one of the youngest the U.S. has ever fielded at a major competition. Before the competition, Karolyi presented the compulsory team line-up to the coaching staff. While certainly unexpected and unpredictable, Bela explained his rationale for a team medal finish . The coaching staff voted unanirnousl y to accept

the line up as follows: Day one: Grivich and Strug; Day two: Zmeskal and Okino; Day three: Campi and Miller. The master plan worked, the U.S. was in second place after the compulsory round of competition. Going into the optional round, the U.S. led the Romanian team by .413. Romania picked up two tenths of a point on the U.S. team after the first rotation-Romania was on beam and the U.S. was on bars. But the real action came down to the last event with the U.S. on optional vault and the Romanians on optional bars. Campi was up first for the U.S. team and started the ball rolling with a 9.787 for her Yurchenko tucked full vault. Maria N eculita started things off for the Romanians with a 9.85 on bars. Grivich went second for the U.S.,scoring a 9.912 for her Yurchenko layout full vault. Yanda Hadarean added a 9.887 to the Romanians' score. The U.S. gymnasts continued to improve with Okino's and Miller's scores of 9.937 each,

Romania's Cristina Bontas tied for the gold medal on floor exercise-her music began with the Star Spangled Banner.

Soviet Team. Back Row: Alexander Alexandrov, Svetlana Boguinskaia, Elena Groudeva, Oksana Tchusovitina, Natalia Kalinina. Front: Tatiana Gutsu, Tatiana Lisenko, Roza Galieva. USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

Eugenia Popa's .9, Cristina Bontas' 9.912 and Mirela Pasca's 9.887. At this point the U.S. was ahead of the Romanians by .112. Lavinia Milosovici was last up for the Romanians on bars and fell, scoring only a 9.412. Meanwhile, Zmeskal was racking up the first perfect 10 of the competition and the first 10 to be scored by a U.S. gymnast at a World Championships competition. Zmeskal's perfect layout Yurchenko vault with a full twist was icing on the cake for the U.S. squad! "I got really excited because everyone in front of me did great vaults," said Zmeskal. "I also wanted the silver team medal really bad." Fourteen-year-old Miller 27

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - --







- -- - -


sixth in the team competition. Coach of the Australian team, Ju Ping Tian, said, 'We came here hoping for better than 16th place and to try for 12th. To go from 16th to sixth is a big jump for us. I am really excited and pleased with all the athletes." When asked how it feels to be a new power in the gymnastics world, Peggy Browne, executive director of the Australian Federation, said, "It's an honor and it's also a responsibility. It will involve a great deal of maintenance. We consciously took the long slow road. We started with basics and full ballet for both men and women. HavingJuPing Tian as national coach is also part of the process." These six teams, along with Spain, Hungary, People's Democratic Republic of Korea, Germany, France and Canada, have nowqualified for the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, Spain. France, which placed 13th in both the 1987 and 1989 World Championships, is eager for the opportunity!


Betty Okino earned the bronze medal on beam, complete with her triple pirouette. She also finished fourth place in the all-around. led the U.s. squad in the team competition and tied for second all-around with Bontas. This dynamo also became the first U.S. woman to qualify for all four event finals in a World Championships competition. Grivich did a fantastic job路 as the lead off person for the U.S. team in compulsories. She scored 9.662 on vault, 9.675 on bars, 9.65 on beam and a 9.725 on floor to total a 28

38.712. Strug went second and followed in her teammate' s footsteps to score 38.886. Zmeskal went third for the U.S. and gathered 39.274 in the all-around. Okinoscored39.362followed by Campi's 39.111 and Miller's 39.562. Okino and Zmeskal finishedinninthand 12th place, respectively, with Campi in 16th, Strug in 22nd and Grivich in 28th.

China slipped from third place at the 1989 World Championships to fourth at this championships with Yang Bo their lead gymnast followed by Li Yan. Bulgaria moved up in the standings from eighth at the last World Championships to fifth. Another pleasant surprise was the team from Australia. This group of fine athletes moved from 16th place at the 1989 World Championships to

In front of more than 15,000 spectators, Bela Karolyi received the best birthday present of his life when his star pupil, Kim Zmeskal, became the 1991 World Champion-the first the U.S. has ever produced! "I was almost scared to walk up to the awards stand when they called my name," said Zmeskal. "1 wasn't sure I heard it right." When Karolyi was asked if he or Kim were more nervous before the last event, floor, he said, "Nervous is not quite the right word. I think both of us were very concentrated. It is more like horses kept in a corral getting ready to race. Kim is just like all the greatest athletes I saw in my life. That is very seldom you can see--once in several millions when you

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991






find the type of athlete that has these capabilities." Zmeskal said, "It's like a dream. The scoring was so tight anyone could have won. I knew I had to do one of the best routines of my life on floor." The all-around competition was a close race between Boguinskaia and Zmeskal but the result was clearZmeskal scored 39.848 to Boguinskaia's 39.736. Zmeskal confessed, "I was looking for a medal for sure butldidn' tthinkl would win." Romania's Cristina Bontas was also in the hunt for the gold medal but settled for the bronze with a score of 39.711. Bontasmoved upone placing from her 1989 World Championships finish of fourth place. The U .S. team had a couple more surprises in store for the gymnastics world-BettyOkino finished fourth all-around and Shannon Miller finished sixth. Having three gymnasts in the top six is another first for the U.S. at a World Championships competition. Miller said, "When we first came here I would have never thought that we would finish so high." "We had a strong team and a young team," said Okino. "This team will be the team for the 1992 Olympic Games to get the gold medal." Fifth place in the allaround went to the blond haired Tatiana Gutsu from the Soviet Union. Gutsu had a tremendous amount of difficulty in her routines, especially on floor where she did a whip thru to double layout for her first pass, a double back for her second pass and ended witha piked full twisting double back somersault. Gutsu was one of the few competitors to throw a double twisting Yurchenko on vault and a standing full twist on the balance beam.

Shannon Miller qualified for all four event finals and tied for the silver medal on uneven bars. In seventh and eighth place were Romania's La vinia Milosovici and Mirela Pasca. China's Li Li and Shi Liying placed ninth and tenth in the all-around. Another strong allaround performer, Henrietta Onodi from Hungary, slipped in the rankings when she missed a handstand and had to stop on the bars. Onodi was unable to regain her composure for the next event,

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

beam, and fell from the apparatus. She ended in 31st place at the conclusion of the competition. Her goal of being in the top 10 had vanished. Onodi is the 1989 European bars and 1990 World Cup vault champion. "In terms of international competitions, this was the worst," she said. "Right now I still don' t know what happened. I think I must have had a mental block, but I may

have made a technical error. Maybe after a couple weeks I'll have a better answer."

EVENT FINALS Romania's Lavinia Milosovici vaulted to the gold medal in the biggest competition of her life thus far. She did a Yurchenko layout full twist and a front handspring front salto with a half twist. Her combined score for the 29

two vaults was a 9.949. "It feels great to win the gold medal," said Milosovici. "It wasn't a surprise. I expected to win." Henrietta Onodishook off the disappointment of the allaround finals and came back strong, tying for the silver medal on vault with the Soviet Union's Oks ana Tchusovitina with a score of 9.918. Onodi and Tchusovitina both used a front handspring front pike saIto with a half twist and a Yurchenko layout full twist. Shannon Miller performed a Yurchenko layout full vault and a front handspring front salto for a score of 9.812 and sixth place. Zmeskal also did a Yurchenko layout full and a front handspring front salto for a score of 9.70 and seventh place. Perhaps Zmeskal's low finish on vault could be a ttribu ted to her lack of sleep the night before when she won the all-around title. "It was sort of like the night before Christmas," said Zmeskal. "I kind of stayed awake all night." Uneven bars was probably the most exciting event of Saturday's competition. Miller performed one of the best bar routines of her life, complete with a stuck full twisting double back flyaway dismount, to tie for the silver medal with the Soviet Union's Tatiana Gutsu. Both gymnasts scored 9.950. Miller's coach, Steve N unno, said, '1' m thrilled she won a medal at the World Championships and that we were in front of a home crowd. I knew after her bar routine that she won a medal, I just didn't know what kind." Miller's and Gutsu's performances were eclipsed by little Gwang Suk Kim from the People's Democratic Republic of Korea. This 15-yearold petite bar machine did every trick in the book and even a few new ones to score

Gwang Suk Kim from the People's Democratic Republic of Korea scored a perfect 10 on bars to win the gold medal-the first ever received by her country at a World Championships competition. a perfect 10 and a standing ovation. She also won the first medal ever awarded to a gymnast from the People's Democratic Republic of Korea in a World Championships competition. "I feel like I' m flying high," said Kim. When asked where she learned her original skill on bars she said, "from my coach, Kim Chun Pil." Coach Pil said, "I saw the men practicing this technique on high bar and I got the idea for this trick from them." On balance beam, Svetlana Boguinskaia grabbed her only gold medal of the all-around and event finalscompetition with a score of9.962. She mounted with a front tuck to leap and did a flip flop ,la you t, la you t series and a gainer layout step-out.

Romania's Lavinia Milosovici placed 7th all-around. She dismoun ted with a round off double back. Teammate Tatiana Gutsu earned the silver medal with a score of 9.950. Gutsu's routine was loaded with difficulty including a round off layout mount, standing full

twist saIto, flip flop, layout, layout series, flip flop full twist to swing down and three flip flops into a full twisting double back somersault dismount. Betty Okino won the bronze with a score of 9.90. Okino attempted her triple tum on the beam, the first one performed at an international competition. She bobbled slightly with her arms at the conclusion of the third turn. Okino also did a flip flop,layout,layoutseries and dismounted with a flip flop, flip flop double back. On floor exercise, the gold medal was awarded to Romania's Cristina Bontas and the Soviet Union's Oksana Tchusovitina with scores of 9.962. Bontas' floor exercise music was to the Star Spangled Banner and Yankee Doodle Dandee, about as American as you could get. The crowd loved it! Her tumbling included a double layout with a full twist, round off flip flop full twist, flip flop, double back and a full twisting double back. Tchusovitina's routine included a double layout with a full twist, a double back with a full twist and a double pike. Zmeskal performed her usual energetic and spunky floor routine and received a score of 9.950 for the bronze medal. Her tumbling included a full twisting double back, a round off to three whip backs, flip flop double back and dismounted with a double back. All three routines were exceptional! Miller also did an outstanding floor routine to finish tied for fourth with Milosovici. They scored 9.925. Gaging from the 1991 World Gymnastics Championships, the 1992 Olympic Games is going to be one of the most competitive in history-and less than a year away! Results on page 44.


USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991









u.s. MEN MOUE UP IN RANK he Soviet men won the team title-the fifth time in the last six World Gymnastics Championships. The dominance of the Soviet athletes was evident in the team all-around standings. VitalyScherbo was first, followed by his three teammates, Grigori Misutin, Valeri Liukin and Igor Korobchinski. Germany's Sylvio Kroll and Andreas Wecker placed fifth and sixth to break up the Soviets' Soviet Team still dominates the world of gymnastics. China earned the silver medal and streak. Seventh place TheGermany won bronze, with its first unified team at a World Championships since 1954. went to the Soviet Union's Valeri Belenki. Teammate Alexei Voropaev finished 12th, due to a fall on his compulsory vault. The Soviets placed all six gymnasts in the top 12! After the compulsory rounds, Germany was in second place with Japan in third, China in fourth and the US. in fifth. However, the order changed after the end of the team competition and China earned the silver medal with a score of 577.050 to the Soviet Union's 584.425. The key to China's jump from fourth to second


USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991


The World Champion from the Soviet Union, Grigori Misutin, catches this release move with ease. was the pommel horse. 'We had predicted to finish with the silver," China coach Gao Jiang said. "It was a fight to the end," said LiJing. "The person who smiles last will be the best." Germany won the bronze with 576.125 and Japan placed fourth with 574.925. Japan's demise was on the high bar in the fourth round. The U.S. was not far behind with a scoreof569.725, which left them in fifth place in the 32

team standings. The U.S. team consisted of Jarrod Hanks, Scott Keswick, Patrick Kirksey, Lance Ringnald, Chainey Umphrey, Chris Waller and alternate John Roethlisberger. This squad started off strong with Hanks in the first session of the compulsory round. Kirksey went second for the U.S. followed by Umphrey, Waller, Keswick and Ringnald. The U.S. was in fourth

place in the team standings after the fourth round of compulsories and moved to third place after five rounds. Lance was the final competitor in the compulsory rounds of competition and started on floor exercise with a score of 9.60. Ringnald moved to pommel horse and scored 9.50. Then tragedy struck as Ringnald rolled back out of his cross and tore his pectoral muscle. He dropped to the floor and could not finish

the competition. Since Ringnald had alread y started the competition, the U.S. could not replace him with the alternate, Roethlisberger. Therefore, the U.S. had to finish the optional competition with only five athletes. This series of events marks the third time in the last four World Championships that the U.S. men were forced to finish the team competition with five gymnasts. In 1985 Dan Hayden was sidelined by an ankle injury during optionals. Two years later, Tim Daggett shattered a leg in optionals. 'With Lance, I'd say that a team medal was very realistic," said coach Francis Allen. 'Without him, it's still there, but we're gonna have to have an awful good day. We're going to go for the highest team finish we can get. The thing about losing Lance is he was that wham, that puncher we had at the end. I'm hoping that we can use a little bit of that adversity to bring out more of the power in our guys." After the sixth round of compulsories, the U.S. men fell to fifth place as a team and Scott Keswick was the top scoring gymnast in 20th position. Jarrod Hanks, the alternate until a few weeks ago when Tom Schlesinger had to have shoulder surgery, was 28th and Chris Waller placed 29th. The U.S. team held tough throughout the optional round-proudly displaying T-shirts which read, "It Only Takes Five." The U.S. team started on parallel bars and finished sixth, behind Hungary, Soviet Union, Japan, China and Germany on this apparatus. At this point, the tension was thick as the U.S. team moved to high bar. All five men hit their sets with great releases and well-executed routines. Unfortunately, the U.S. team did some fairly mediocre routines on floor exercise and finished last in the sub-division

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991







and eighth overall as a team on floor. The next event, pommel horse, the U.S. counted two falls from Kirksey and Keswick and the team total was 11 th overall for this event. However, the team turned itself around with great performances on still rings and was bacKm fifth place by about .60 over Korea. Last event was vault and the u.s. squeaked by, hanging onto the fifth place position in front of Korea by .275. By placing fifth, the U.S. men improved their eighth place finish at the 1989 World Championships and increased the team's total score by two points. This is the best finish the U.S. men's team has had at the World Gymnastics Championships since 1983. With Ringnald in the competition, the u.s. team could have upped their rank even more. "Fifth place shows you that we're on the way up," said Allen. "The u.s. has a solid men's team. We've got a long way to the top, but this team is making history for the U.5. We've got to scra tch our way to the top."

Scott Keswick placed fourth on high bar, missing the gold medal by .062. Olympic qualifiers to the Romania, Bulgaria, Switzer1992 Olympic Games inland and, for the first Olymelude: Soviet Union, China, pic team appearance since Germany, Japan, United 1960, Great Britain. States,Korea,Italy,Hungary,

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

Grigori Misutin led a 1-23 sweep for the Soviet Union in the all-around. That's nine straight all-around gold medals for the Soviets. It's also the second time in the past three championships that they've swept the all-around positions. Misu tin, 20, is a junior at a university in the Soviet Union. He was number four at this year's Soviet National Championships, but had to count a fall on one event. "I got fourth because I fell on the pommel horse," said Misutin. "If I didn't fall I might have gotten second." Coach Arkaev was asked to comment on Misutin and he said, "Grigori was the alternate at the 1989 World Championships. He was strong then but we did not yet want to put him in the competition. All the coaches agreed then that he would be the next World Champion." Arkaev described Misutin as being very disciplined and modest. Misutin tallied scores of 9.90 on floor, 9.80 on pommel horse, 9.825 on rings,9.775 on vault, 9.85 on parallel bars and 9.90 on high bar for an all-around total of 59.050. VitalyScherbo, 18,earned the silver medal with a score of 58.950. Scherbo is the 1990 Goodwill Games champion and silver medalist at the 1990 World Cup. Scherbo was asked about the coaching in the Soviet Union versus the U.S. and he said, "In our country, they aren't forcing us to reach a level of difficulty too fast. We just learn basic skills fast. Compared to the U.S., we don't try to progress fast. Parents here want to see their kids be Mary Lou (Retton) fast." The bronze medal went to the veteran of the Soviet team, Valeri Liukin. Liukin, 24, was the silver medalist at the 1988 Olympic Games and the first gymnast to perform a triple back somersault on 33



vault, 9.625 on parallel bars and a 9.825 on high bar. Hanks finished 16th and hit six for six routines. "I did what I wanted to do," said Hanks. "I was six for six again. I was consistent. I just wanted people to know it wasn't a fluke (to be in the all-around finals) . I wanted top IS, but didn't quite make it." Chris Waller finished 20th in the all-around. "I was shooting for the top 10," said Waller. "But I think this was an incredible finish for the United States. We were very focused on what we were doing."


Jarrod Hanks' consistency earned him 16th in the all-around. the floor exercise in an international competition. Unfortunately, Liukin hurt his heel doing a dismount on high bar during the three minute touch warm-up before the competition. Coach Arkaev said, "I was very surprised that Valeri did the triple on floor exercise with his injury." When Liukin was asked if he thought he would have placed better if he had not been injured he said, "It's hard to say." Seventeen-year-old Li Xiaoshuang from China finished fourth all-around in his first World Championships, just behind the Soviets. "I am happy with my performance, but not with the scores," said Li. "I should do better, I should finish higher." Li feels that because he is not as wellknown to the judges as the Soviet gymnasts, he did not get high scores. He explained that he could have scored 34

higher on floor if he would have used his triple back somersault and stuck it. However, he's had problems with the skill in the past and didn't want to take any chances. Two well-known international competitors, Italy' s Yuri Chechi and Germany's Sylvio Kroll, tied for fifth place in the all-around. These same two competitors tied for tenth at the 1989 World Championships. Japan's top athlete, 21year-old DaisukeNishikawa, placed seventh in the allaround followed by China's 23-year-old Li Chunyang in eighth. Germany's Andreas Wecker took the ninth spot in the all-around. Scott Keswick finished in a tie for tenth place to become the first American to finish in the top 10ata World Championships since 1983. Keswick's scores were 9.575 on floor, 9.425 on pommel horse, 9.7 on rings, 9.675 on

The Soviet Union's 1989 World Champion, Igor Korobchinski, became a twotime World Championships gold medalist on floor with a score of 9.875. His passes included a double saIto in the layout position with a full twist out, an Arabian one-

and-three-quarters layout salto and he dismounted with a double layout. Korobchinski's teammate, VitalyScherbo,earned the silver medal with 9.80. Scherbo's routine started out with a double twisting double back somersault! Japan's Daisuke Nishikawa, who performed an exceptional flair to handstand back to flair to handstand, earned the bronze with 9.787. Valeri Belenki, from the Soviet Union, scored 9.912 on pommel horse for the gold medal. Belenki has two skills in his pommel horse routine named after him. China's Guo Linyao and Li Jing took the silver and bronze medals with 9.887 and 9.875. On still rings, the World Champion Grigori Misutin won another gold medal with a score of9.875. Incidentally, Misutin was the first competitor up in the rings



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Talk about flexibility! Chris Waller's planche on floor. USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

competition. Germany's Andreas Wecker won the silver with 9.862 and Italy's Yuri Chechi took the bronze with 9.837. Scott Keswick became the first American to qualify to finals since 1983, earning a spot on both the still rings and the high bar. Keswick was up fourth in the lineup of eight on still rings. He did an excellent routine with loads of "0" strength. The fatal flaw came in the dismount, when he hopped. He scored 9.775 and finished tied for sixth-.0632 out of third. In other words, the step cost him the medal. On vault, 18-year-old Ok Youl You from Korea won the gold medal with a score of9.70.Scherbowas.00lfrom the gold but had to settle for the silver medal with a score of9.699.Japan'sYutakaAihara won the bronze with 9.631. China's Li Jingwon parallel

bars with a score of 9.862 On the last event, high bar, China's Li Chunyang and Germany's Ralf Buechner tied for the gold medal with scores of 9.787. Li did a piked Gaylord, a layout Yaeg er and dismounted with a double layout somersault with a full twist. Buechner did the same dismount and also did a Kovacs and a Tkatchev. The bronze medal on high bar was awarded to the Soviet Union's Vitaly Scherbo with a score of 9.775. Keswick was up seventh in high bar and did an outstanding routine, especially considering that of the six gymnasts who preced ed him, three had fallen. Unfortunately,Keswick had to take three small steps on his triple back dismount and scored 9.725-0nly .062 away from the gold medal. Keswick had to settle for fourth place. Results on page 45.

Using every ounce of energy, Gennany's Sylvio Kroll lands a fourth place finish on vault.





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WORLD UNIVERSITY GAMES he U.S. delegation for the 1991 • World University Games was made • up of Trent Dimas, Jeff Lutz, • Dominick Minicucci, Mike Racanelli, : John Roethlisberger, Aimee Trepanier, • Chari Knight, Kristen Kenoyer, Joy Selig • and alternates Tammy Marshall and • Amy Durham. Rhythmic gymnasts in- : cluded Brooke Bushnell and Vanessa • Vander Pluym. The coaching staff for • the men included Fred Roethlisberger, • FredTuroff,anddelegationleader,Mark. Williams. For the women, Jim Turpin : and Megan Marsden, and for rhythmic, • Pauline David. • The U.S. women's team earned the • silver medal with a score of 115.15, just : behind the People's Democra tic Repub- : licofKorea with 116.50. This silver medal • finish was the best ever obtained by the • U.S. women in this competition. The • bronze medal went to the Soviet Union : with a score of 114.95. • Kenoyer earned eighth in the all- • arowld with a score of38.45 while Knight took ninth with38.325. Trepanier placed : 11th with a score of 37.90. The Soviet • Union's Elena Sazonenkova won the· all-around gold medal with a score of • 39.15. • The bronze medal was awarded to • Knight for her bar routine and Kenoyer • won the bronze medal on floor exercise. •


These two medals mark the U.S.'s first ever individual medals in the World University Games. The men's team finished a strong fourth place in the team competition scoring 169.65 points behind the Soviet Union's 171.85, Japan's 171.75, and China's 170.10. The competitive format had only four gymnasts compete optiona I exercises, while the top three scores counted for the team score. The U.S. qualified three individuals to the all-around finals with Racanelli placing ninth scoring 56.35, Roethlisbergerin 11 th with56.25and Minicucci in 12th with a 56.15. Sheng Zong Wang of China captured theall-around title by scoring 57.30. Racanelli, Minicucci and Roethlisberger qualified for the individual event finals on floor exercise, pommel horse, still rings and vault. Racanelli brought home the gold medal on floor scoring a 9.725-the first gold medal ever for the U.S. in a World University Games. Minicucci won the bronze medal on pommel horse with a 9.475. Gyong Hui Li from the People's Democratic Republic of Korea won the rhythmic all-around with a score of 35.65.Bushnellfinished16thwitha31.25 and Vander Pluym placed 19th with 29.80.


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USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991


CONGRESS By Steve Whitlock he 1991 USGF Congress was held in conjunction with the World Gymnastics Championships in Indianapolis, September 12-14,1991. The Congress sessions were conducted from 9:00 a.m.-4:15 p.m. This permitted the Congress participants to attend the evening competitions. Sixty sessions were offered in areas including: preschool! developmental, movement education, club business administration, women's program topics, men's program topics, the sport sciences and miscellaneous. This year the session length was extended from 55 minutes to 75 minutes to allow the speakers to provide a more complete and high quality presentation. The session manuscripts and handouts were presented for the participants ahead of time in the Congress Program/Proceedings book.


For the first time, a special Sport Sciences Congress was conducted on the theme "Performance Enhancement Through Applied Knowledge" (P.E.A.K.). Dr. Bill Sands coordinated and moderated these sessions as well as served as Senior Editor for the USGF Sport Science Congress Proceedings Book. As expected, the Exhibitor's Hall was a popular place to visit. Kathy Brown, Exhibitor's Coordinator, said, "Over 65 companies participated, including several international exhibitors." The Hall was divided into two areas: one for retail sales (open to the general public) and the other for the gymnastics professionals (restricted to Club 91 / Congress and WGC credentialed delegates). The Exhibit Hall was also a great place to collect autographs since it was frequented by so many of the visiting athletes attending the Championships. Another popular place was Club 91. Since there was no single designated host hotel, Club 91 served as "the place" for Congress participants to congregrate and socialize. Thanks to Club 91 Coor-

dina tor, Susan Baughman, and the Club 91 hospitality sponsors: Texaco, Panasonic, K & K Insurance, Tickets and Travel, and WGC / LOC. The annual USGF Recognition Awards were presented in Club 91 at a special ceremony / reception hosted by Panasonic. Besides recognizing the USGF Coaches and Athletes of the Year and the Men's Hall of Fame inductees (previously announced), USGF Service Awards were presented to: John Burkel (Administration and Judging), RayGura (Administration and Judging), Patty Hacker & Jim Nance (Education), Kevin Kemp (Service), and Grete Treiber (Administration, Judging, Coaching). Mr. Glen Sundby received the Spirit of the Flame award from the USGF Athlete's Council. Congress and the World Championships concluded with the Final Banquet atIndianapolis' Union Station. The banquet met and exceeded all promises it was an international funfest of food, music and camaraderie! A GREAT party!

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IN MEMORY OF JASON WHITFIELD ason Whitfield, a current member of the senior elite development team, was tragically killed on the evening of September 20 near the campus of the University of Iowa. Jason was trying out a friend's motorcycle in an Iowa City apartrnent complex parking lot, when he hit a speed bump lost control of the bike and crashed. Reports indicate Jason was killed instantly. Whitfield is from Detroit, Mich., but moved to Flint, Mich., with his coach Kurt Golder, in order to train and improve his gymnastics. When Golder was offered the assistant coaching position for the men's gymnastics team at the University ofIowa this fall, Whitfield decided to move to Iowa also. Whitfield was finishing his senior year at a high school in Iowa and living with his coach while training with the Hawkeye Gymnastics Club. He was planning to enroll at the University of Iowa in the fall of 1992. This dedicated athlete spent 14 years in the sport of gymnastics. He was on


II ~ Ii: II ~ I~j'b~

the Junior National Team from 1989 to 1991 and made the Senior Elite Development Team at this year's U.S. Championships. Whitfield even contributed to the sport by instructing beginner boys at his gymnastics club and, most recently, served as a volunteer at the 1991 World Gymnastics Championships. ary Lou Retton has signed with "Jason had an infectious smile and USA TODAY to be a special was always willing to lend a helping guest columnist, reporting on hand," said Robert Cowan, USGFmen' s the 1992 Summer Olympics. Her program administrator. first column appeared during the 1991 Whitfield was one of the best in the U.S. Olympic Festival and she will be country on rings, placing first at the 1991 responsible for additional columns prior U.S. Olympic Festival. In his first interto the Olympic Garnes. Retton will write national competition, the 1991 Tang Ina daily column from Barcelona, Spain ternationalCup in Puerto Rico, Whitfield won gold medals on rings and parallel during the Summer Garnes. bars and earned the silver medal on This marks the first time USA TOhigh bar and the bronze medals on floor DAY will use a guest columnist in such exercise and vault. an extensive capacity. "He was a young talent but was right on target," said Cowan. "It's a tremendous loss." The USGF extends its deepest sympathy to Cathy and Jim Whitfield, Jason's sister, Jennifer, and his grandfather, Peter-Martyn. - - - - - - -I- - - -..,fi

Jason Whitfield pursued a dream of being an Olympic gymnast. He will be sadly missed by us all. USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991



"We are delighted to have an athlete with Mary Lou Retton's experience and insight on the USA TODAY Olympic team," states Managing Editor/Sports Gene Policinski. "Her ability to bring readers inside the world of the competitor, both in terms of her own experiences and those of the athletes of the '92 Garnes, will be a special treat for those who follow the Olympics in the pages of USA TODAY." "Competing in the '84 Olympics was the greatest experience of my life," said Retton. "Reporting on the '92 Garnes for USA TODAY is an exciting new Olympic adventure which I am thoroughly looking forward to."




The Kuwait gymnasts took a year off of training due to the war. In fact, one of the gymnasts, Abdullhussain Abraheem, even fought in the war. ''We were just going to come to say hello, to thank the Allies and the United States," said Abraheem. "But we decided to go for it." Former Olympic and World Championships gold medalist Vladimir Novikov, from the Soviet Union, began coaching the Kuwait team 25 days before the competition.

The 1991 World Championships marks a new addition to the sport of gymnastics-instant replay. The video system allowed the FIG technical committee to review the tape. "It's designed to determine a fair score, not to change a score," said Hideo Mizoguchi, the training center coordinator for the ·USGF. ''Times have changed and I think we' re setting a tremendous standard for our sport."


Spain's men team finished 18th, six spots away from qualifying for the 199201ympic Games in their home country. ''We prepared ourselves really well for this," said Miguel Angelo Rubio. "Today was just a disaster." Spain's women's team placed seventh and have qualified for the Olympic Games.

During the first day of competition, two New Zealand women gymnasts were diagnosed as having measles. "This is notthe 24-hourmeasles, this is the sevenday sick, sick measles that people die from," said Dr. Merrill A. Ritter, the medical director for the '91 championships. Local organizing officials, along




with the Indiana Board of Health, teamed to immunize nearly 1,000 athletes, officials and volunteers. A potentially serious health problem was avoided.







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FANS Besides the outstanding American fans, the Swiss and Canadian fans also deserve a gold medal in crowd noise. Each country brought gymnastics fans to cheer on their teams. They traveled to the U.S. with flags, cow bells and a secret clap.

for the first time ever atthe World Championships. Past Olympia ns commenta ted and television screens showed routines in slow motion- just like watching the competition on television in your own home!

Gwang Suk Kim on bars. Gwang Suk was presented $1000 to her training fund from the McDonald's Perfect 10 Award, since she scored a 10 during the individual event finals.

J.O.E. Judges Objectivity Evaluation (JOE) computer was first used at the 1991 World Championships to evaluate the work of women's judges. Mike Jacki, vice president of the International GymnasticsFederation, said, "Such programs will inevitably help to ensure the judges evaluation process and, therefore, the future fairness and objectivity."

EDUCATION Spectator Education Program-A radio broadcast of each competition and a large widescreen television were used

PERFECTION Only two perfect lO's were awarded at the 1991 World Championships to the U.S.'s Kim Zmeskal on vault and the People's Democratic Republic of Korea' s

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Pegasus Now Offers: Wrist Supports - Eliminates costly taping . Velcro fasteners utilizing closed cell neoprene, lined with polar plus to provide therapeutic warmth to the wrist. Gymnastic Grips - Finest leather, glued and riveted at stress points. Available in sizes a - 3. Gymnastic Floor & Travel Bags - Designed for the active athlete.

Photo Credit: Olympic gold medalists Jim Hartung & Scott Johnson.

FOR SALE CLASS CONTROL. Great class management software at a great price. IT'S ABOUT TIME! Professionally developed, menu driven, and easy to use. Class Rosters, Available Space, A/R, Invoices, grouping by Responsible Party, retail sales, and much, much more. 90-Day money back satisfaction guarantee. Unlimited, free technical support. Now it doesn't have to be time consuming, difficult, or expensive to keep track of your students, classes, and receivables. For more information, call or write Vaughn Software Services, P.O. Box 1086,Apex, NC27502 (919)3620432. EXCLUSIVE CUSTOM MUSIC. Imagine yourself performing to your favorite song with sound effects and arrangements composed EXCLUSIVELY FOR YOU! That means nobody will be performing the same song. BRING OUT YOUR ORIGINALITY. DO WHAT THE CHAMPIONS DO! We'll work with your coach to bend, twist, and flip the music to your moves with our "video-click process." You and the music will perform in harmony! ANY SONG: rhythm changes, singing removals, any segment stretched or shortened to any length. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 'Provided music for coaches of champion gymnasts 'National Songwriter Award 'N.Y. Radio Assoc. Award' Recorded top 10 songs for major record companies 'Jingles for Honda, N.Y. Mets, Ford, GM and more. REFERENCES OF OUR GYMNASTIC CUSTOMERS available upon request. Prices start from $75/song. (CREDIT CARDS ACCEPTED) Call or write for details: MarkeTunes 106 Lynbrook Rd. Mastic Beach, NY 11951. (516)399-5479. 10,000 sq. ft. GYMNASTICS CLUB FOR SALEfoam pits, dance studio, men's & women's apparatus, sunken trampoline, pre-school room, 22 ft. ceilings, modern offices, dressing rooms, & restrooms, finished interior-perfect for training pre-school thru elite. Located in the beautiful Rocky Mountains. Call 208-385-1657 or 336-5569 for informa tion. SCORE MASTER is a very easy-to-use team & meet management system. SCORE MASTER provides individual and team results for compulsory and / or optional meets. This system is used in over 40 states and the local, sectional, state, regional, national and international levels. Graph and report team & individual scores over an entire season. This menu-driven system comes with an on-line tutorial and complete documentation. For more info contact Mahoney Systems, 1112 Long Paw Lane, Charlotte, NC, 28214, (704)392-7044. CLASSMASTERisa very easy-to-use class management & accounts receivable system. CLASS MASTER automates functions such as registration, class rosters, schedules, enrollment, attrition trend analysis, make-ups, waiting lists, pay-


ments, deposit slips, late fees, tuition billing and mailing labels. CLASS MASTER, a pull-down menu-driven system, is password secured and comes with an on-line tutorial, complete documentation and a 90 day money back guarantee. For more info contact Mahoney Systems, 1112 Long Paw Lane, Charlotte, NC, 28214, (704)3927044. GYM FOR SALE. Beautiful 6000 square foot facility in affluent Denver suburb. Preschool classes through level 6. Below market price. Great opportunity for someone interested in owning their own gym. Call (303)730-7441. RABBIT SCORES-Superfast scoring program for Pc, compatibles, and also for MAC! Used at all levels, many state and regional meets, American Classic and U.S. Classic Nationals. Easy-touse, forgiving menu/windows. Unique features save work, prevent errors. " ... the clear choice over Scoremaster" says Rodger Baldwin, Reno NV. "Our crew has been more accurate with Rabbit Scores, and nothing could be faster!" Features: Shows rankings during scoring; Clean, easy-to-read results OK for USGF; Award labels; Flexible agel skill divisions combina ble for team, etc; Can set Rhythmic, Mens. Option for electronic flasher displays (used at USA-USSR meet 8/90). For Pc, AT, etc: $1 12.95 ppd. For MAC+, etc: $132.95. Texas H.5. version: $149.95. J.D. Hopper, Box 2782, Stanford, CA 94309, 415-4941705. PERSONALIZED "GYM" BEARS. White bears available in any sweater / hatcolor. Personalized with most any message, gym name, or gymnast's name. Sweater printed front and back, knitted right into the sweater. Examples: "I Love ECG" on front, "Sally" on back, (or) "I Love Gynmastics" (or) "Good Luck." Call or write for info or to order: Dane #11 , 6495 East Broad Street, Columbus, Ohio 43213, Attn: Kathy. 614-866-9338. Specify personaliza tion, color of sweater and writing (2 colors). Large Bear (12 inches): $22.00 Small bear (8 inches): $15.00. $2.50/bear shipping. MC/VISA/DISCOVER/CHECK. BUSINESS AND BUILDING. 3000 square feet, fastest growing area in Palm Beach County, Florida. Non-competitive gymnastics for boys and girls pre-school and up. Also, dance, morning pre-school and childrens' theater programs. 20 years with same owner. Building 3 yea rs old, outside and inside teaching areas, two minutes from the beach. Can be run with a small staffmany day cares in the area for add itional programs. If you've always wanted to live in one of the most beautiful climates in the world-here's your big chance! Call Tom Dolan 407-746-7443. Record your competitive accomplishments on a PERSONALIZED GYMNASTICS CERTIFICA TE OF ACHIEVEMENT. These fine parchment certificates will attractively present YOUR personal meet record! Proudly display them with your trophies, medals and ribbons! Coaches,

these are fabulous team presentation awards! Record one meet, your primary meets (sectional, regional, national), or your entire season. Send your name, return address, competitive level, team name, meets entered, dates, your individual event and all around scores along with $6.50 (include postage & handling) to: Preferred ListService,534 Fieldstream Way, Lawrenceville, GA 30244 or call 404-963-5900. GYMNASTICS FANS.. .Now you can follow the exciting world of women's collegiate gymnastics by subscribing to the Gymnastics Insider. The GymnasticsInsider is a four-page bi-weekly newsletter published during the season Ganuary through the NCAA Championships in April). The Gymnastics Insider will provide you with collegiate meet scores, team and individual rankings, profiles of top gymnasts, interesting feature articles .. .plus much more. A great idea for both fans and young gymnasts looking toward college. Remit $10.00 for 1992 season's eight issues to Gymnastics Insider, P.O. Box 70694, West Valley, UT, 84170.

CONSULTING The Mobile Gym Consultants can help you start your own gymnastics, dance or movement business on wheels. We have 15 years of experience in the field and specialize in children ages 3 to 12. This business is recommended for those with strong dedication, love of children and strong P.E., gymnastics, dance and/ or early childhood education backgrounds. Please call Ann Watters and Susan Ernst for information or write: The Mobile Gym Consultants, 430 Miller St. S. Salem, OR 97302. (503)581-6512.

POSITION AVAILABLE CLINICIAN AVAILABLE-Long time University of Wisconsin Gymnastics Coach Mark Pflughoeft has produced Big Ten Champions, NCAA Finalists and USA Championship Qualifiers. He was voted the 1991 Big Ten Coach of the Year and has served as President of the Collegiate Coaches Association. He has often lectured at the U.5.G.F. Coaches Congress and the Olympic Training Center. Now as a Gymnastics Consultant he would like to visit your gym to add his enthusiasm and technical expertise to your team workout, special clinic, or camp. For information call 608-838-9825. Professional instructors wanted: For gymnastics, acrosports, and cheerleading. Safety, quality, and hard work are the qualities we are seeking. Our programs, which serve 800+ students, include power tumbling, trampoline, preschool gymnastics, women's artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics,and cheerleading. Excellent pay, benefits, growth, and management opportunities are available to qualified instructors. Please send resume to: Don Arnwine, AcroSports International, 1331 E. Highway 80, Suite #4, Mes quite, TX 75150, or call (214)288-5510 or (214)289-FLIP.

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991









Full-time positions available. American Gymnastics of Boca is looking for an assistant coach for girls competitive teams and also looking for pre-school and recreational class Instructors. New, Fully air-conditioned, state of the art facility with over 1,200 students. Two full-time positions available with benefits. Call Joel/Margi 407-483-0444 or mail resume to 8095 Glades Rd. Boca Raton, F1. 33434. COACHES WANTED: Experienc d technical and spotting coach needed for level 5-9 girls gymnastics team. Developmental classesarealso available. Send resume/experience/sa lary requirements to: Linda Pizzurro, American Institute of Sport Movement, 2709 Maple Ave., Lisle, IL 60532 or call (708)416-1177. GIRLS HEAD COACH POSITION AVAILABLE. We are located on the Gulf Coach in Mobile, Alabama. You must have experience w ith upper level gymnasts as well as the ability to oversee pre-school and progressive classes. Choreography experience also needed. We have an exciting gymnastics program and need an enthusiastic coach who is serious about gymn astics while motivating the gymnasts in a positive manner.

Salary is commensurate with experience. Send resume and salary history to Mobile Gymnastics Association, P.O. Box 81287, Mobile, Alabama 36689-1287. (205)666-9688.

sity Games in Sheffield, England. Contact: Yuri Pavlovich Korozev, Ulitsa S. Lyulina, 28 Apt. #1, Riga, 226069 Latvia, Soviet Union. Home phone 01324-17259. Work phone 01323-31201.

Gymnastics Instructor /Coach / Manager in a small midwestern commu nity. Girls' equipped gym, pre-school thru level 8, 100+ enrollment. Great opportunity for the righ t individual or husband /wife team with possibility to buy. Send resume to: Paris Gymnastics Center, P.O. Box 244, Paris, Illinois 61944.


Em il Metodiev Angelov of Bulgaria is looking for a coaching position in sports acrobatics or gymnastics. He was a member of the Bulgarian Na tional Sports Acrobatics team from 1977 to 1984. Contact: Em il Me todiev Angelov, Marlevuved 200,4230 Skelskor, Denmark. Yuri Pavlovich Korozev from the Soviet Union is looking for a gymnastics coaching position in the U.S. Yuri coached Elena Sazonenkova, who was the all-around champion at the World Univer-


Exquisitely designed symbols of achievement, crafted in precious 14 kt. gold.

a. Female - The Planche 14kt. gold - $19 h. Female - Circle Stag Handstand 14kt. gold - $24 c. Male - The Flair 14kt. gold - $19 d. Female - The Cross Hand Stand 14kt. gold - $19 14kt. gold lightweight rope chains 16" length - $17,18" - $19 medium weight rope chain 18" - $49


If you would like to place a classified ad in USA GYMNASTICS, the cost is $50 for 90 words or less. Send Check or Money Order along with your classified ad copy to: United States Gymnastics Federation Pan American Plaza 201 S. Capitol Ave., Ste. 300 Indianapolis, IN 46225. Deadlines are as follows: Issue Sep./Oct. Nov/Dec. Jan./Feb. Mar. / Apr. May / Jun. Jul.! Aug.

Deadline to receive copy July 15 September 15 November 15 January 15 March 15 May 15


Ribbon Awards and Medals For Gymnastic Events -14 gymnastics designs available - many beautiful ribbon designs - club logos may be used For your free copy of our color catalog call or write, HODGES BADGE CoMPANY, INc. 18 Schoolhouse Lane, Portsmouth, RI 02871 In RI Call 683-3836 Fax No. 401-683-1473 Out Of State TOLL FREE 800-556-2440

71 River Rd . Bow, NH 03304

For Free Brochure, Information and Ordering Write or Call Gymusic 5915 LaVista Ln. Bradenton FL 34210 (800)237-8400 ext. 492 Outside USA and Canada ~(813)756-8425


USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991


The Hoosier Dome in Indianapolis, Indiana, was the site for the 1991 World Gymnastics Championships. The city once again proved its ability to host a successful world-class competition.


USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991

RANK IWIE 1. Grigori MISUTIN 2. Vitaly SCHERBO 3. Valeri L1UKIN 4. LI Xiaoshuang 5. Yuri CHECHI 5. Sylvio KROLL 7. Daisuke NISHIKAWA 8. LI Chunyang 9. Andreas WECKER IO.Seott KESWICK 10. Yoshiaki HATAKEDA 10.Ralf BUECHNER 13. Yukio IKET AN I 14. Yoon Soo HAN 15.joo Hyung LEE 16.jarrod HANKS 17. Kalofer HRISTOZOV 18.Zoltan SUPOLA 18.Szilveszter CSOLLANY 20.Chris WALLER 21.L1 jing 21.Csaba FAjKUSZ 23. Ruggero ROSSA TO 23.Marius GHERMAN 25. Daniel GIUBELLINI 26. Dimitar TASKOV 27.Neil THOMAS 28. Adrian GAL 28. Michael ENGELER 30.Curtis HIBBERT 31.Dian KOLEV 31.Adrian CATANOIU 33.Gil Su PAE 34.james MAY 34. Boris PRETI 36.Christian CHEVALIER



59.050 58.950 58.500 58.350 58.000 58.000 57.975 57.950 57.900 57.825 57.825 57.825 57.775 57.575 57.550 57.525 57.500 57.400 57.400 57.375 57.275 57.275 57.200 57.200 57.150 57.050 57.025 56.950 56.950 56.900 56.800 56.800 56.775 56.725 56.725 55.950








Soviet Union

48.700 48.600

48.250 49.100

48.875 49.125

48.475 47.850

49.000 48.825

48.525 49.100

291.825 292.600 584.425



48.050 47.825

48.225 49.225

48. 125 48.975

47.475 47.875

48.175 47.825

47.825 47.450

287.875 289.175 577.050




47.900 47.925

47.925 48.525

48.350 48.525

47.550 47.425

48.150 47.875

48.075 47.900

287.950 288.175 576.125



48.075 47.525

47.625 48.675

48.200 47.950

47.700 47.300

48.225 48.025

48.075 47.550

287.900 287.025 574.925


United States

47.625 46.625

47.850 47.025

47.875 48.175

47.475 46.775

47.175 47.225

47.675 48.225

285.675 284.050 569.725



47.700 47.225

46.750 48.300

47.700 47.600

47.475 47.500

47.250 46.575

47.750 47.625

284.625 284.825 569.450



47.625 47.200

47.400 48.050

48.025 48.500

47.250 46.450

46.475 47.075

46.975 47.975

283.750 285.250 569.000



47.075 46.875

46.100 47.950

47.500 47.775

47.350 46.725

46.600 47.325

47.600 46.600

282.225 283.250 565.475



47.100 47.225

47.000 47.300

47.175 47.000

47.450 46.825

47.475 46.700

46.875 47.300

283.075 282.350 565.425

10. Bulgaria

47.475 46.575

46.450 47.900

47.050 47.300

47.125 46.800

46.950 47.025

47.275 46.975

282.325 282.575 564.900

11. Switzerland

46.975 46.075

45.050 47.425

46.275 46.700

47.550 46.775

46.850 46.550

47.325 46.900

280.025 280.425 560.450

12. Great Britain

47.350 46.250

45.300 46.475

46.100 46.750

47.400 47.175

46.425 45.800

46.725 47.050

279.300 279.500 558.800

RANK IWIE 1. Igor KOROBCHINSK I 2. Vitaly SCHERBO 3. Daisuke NISHIKAWA 4. Yuri CHECHI 5. Andreas WECKER 6. Neil THOMAS 7. Sylvio KROLL 8. LI Chunyang




I. Va leri BELENKI

2. 3. 4. 4. 6. 7. 8.

GUO Linyao LI ling Andreas WECKER Yoshiaki HATAKEDA Yuri CHECHI Grigori MISUTIN Sylvio KROLL


IWIK IWIE 1. Ok Youl YOU 2. Vitaly SCHERBO 3. Yutaka AIHARA 4. Sylvio KROLL 5. Mike INGLIS 6. Yukio IKET ANI 7. Igor KOROBCHINSKI 8. LI ling


IWIK IWIE 2. Igor KOROBCH INSKI 3. GUO Linyao 4. Daisuke NISHIKAWA 5. Sylvio KROLL 6. Yoshiaki HATAKEDA 6. Mario FRANKE 8. Vitaly SCHERBO

IWIK IWIE I. LI Chunyang

USA GYMNASTICS November/December 1991


RANK IWIE I. Grigori MISUTIN 2. Andreas WECKER 3. Yuri CHECHI 4. LI Xiaoshuang 5. Valeri L1UKIN 6. Scott KESWICK 6. Yukio IKETANI 8. LI ling

I. LI ling

Valeri Liukin earned the bronze medal in the allaround.


I. Ralf BUECHNER 3. Vitaly SCHERBO 4. Scott KESWICK 5. Zoltan SUPOLA 6. Sylvio KROLL 7. Grigori MISUTIN 8. Yu kio IKETANI

9.875 9.800 9.787 9.762 9.700 9.675 9.650 9.150

9.912 9.887 9.875 9.862 9.862 9.837 9.775 8.775


9.875 9.862 9.837 9.812 9.800 9.775 9.775 9.362


9.700 9.699 9.631 9.618 9.581 9.456 9.393 9.381



9.862 9.825 9.812 9.675 9.662 9.587 9.587 9.187



9.787 9.787 9.775 9.725 9.712 9.637 8.925 2.750



Clearwater, FL-12:30-6:30 p .m. Apollo School of Gymnastics, 2140 G Range Rd ., Clearwater, FL 34625 Course Oir.: Karl Bishop (813)447-2108

Sunday, ~ovember 10, 1991 1. Clearwater, FL-8:30 a.m .-2:30 p.m . Apollo School of Gymnastics, 2140 G Range Rd., Clearwater, FL 34625 Course Oir.: Karl Bishop (813)447-2108 2. Lithonia, GA - 9:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m. Lithonia High School Course Oir.: OJ Milem (904)641-9966 Local Contact: Brian Morrett (404)676-3309

This course will be held in conjunction with the NGJA National Judges course. 3. Hot Springs, AR - 9:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m. Hot Springs Gymnastics Center 1610 Higdon Ferry Rd. Hot Springs, AR 71913 Course Oir.: Eddie Smith (314)878-5294 Local Contact: Doug Gamer (501 )525-4503. 4. Madison, WI-9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. Course Oir.: Ralph Druecke (414)782-3430

Sunday, ~ovember 17,1991 1. Mt. Laurel, NJ - 9:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m. Will-Moor School of Gymnastics, 10 Hartford Rd ., Mt. Laurel, IN 08054 Course Oir.: Phil Frank (609)234-5292 Local Contact: Jamie Stymiest (609)234-5292 2. Chambersburg, PA -1O:00a.m.-5:00 p.m. Rainbow Gymnastics, 285-12 E. Queen St. Chambersburg, P A 17201 Course Oir.: R. Lynn Ross (717)267-1760

SahJrday, ~ovember 23,1991 Conway, AR - 11 :00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. Sonshine Academy, 803 Harkrider Conway, AR 72032 Course Diy.: Scott Wright (501)327-7742.

Sunday, ~ovember 24, 1991 Sioux Falls, SO - 9:00 a.m.-4:00 p .m. All-American Gymnastics 3009 S. Phillips, Sioux Falls, SO 57105 Course Oir. : Bill Allen (605)341-5914 Local Contact: Gene Luke (605)334-4311 Thursday, December 26, 1991 Lilburn, GA-12:00 p.m.-6:00 p.m. Gwinnette Gymnastics Ctr., 927 Killian Hill Rd ., Lilburn, GA 30247 Course Oir.: OJ Milem (904)641-9966 Local Contact: Dan Thaxton (404)921-5630

This course will be held in conjunction with the Region VIII Christmas workshop training camp. Sunday, January 19, 1992 Mt. Laurel, NJ - 9:00 a.m.-3:00 p .m. Jersey Jets Gymnastics, #20 A Roland Ave., Mt. Laurel, NJ 08054 Course Oir.: Phil Frank (609)234-5292 Local Contact: Eileen Houghton (609)273-2822.

Sunday, February 23, 1992 Rockaway, NJ - 10:00 a.m.-6:00 p .m. ..... Course Oir.: Cathy Finkel (201)586-1808 Sunday, May 17,1992 Columbus, Ohio Course Oir.: Bobbi Montanari (614)457-1279


This course will be conducted in conjunction with the U.S. Gymnastics Championships. Sunday, October 4, 1992 Rockaway, NJ - 10:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. Course Oir.: Cathy Finkel (201)586-1808

1. The text book for the Certification Course is the USGF GYMNASTICS SAFETY MANUAL. This texVreference manual is to be purchased and studied prior to course participation . 2. The course will take approximately six hours , including the test. 3. Certification is good for four years. 4. Th e Course fee is $100.00. USGF members and second cycle recertification is $75 .00 . Retest cost is $25.00 . For groups of at least 5, contact the USGF Department of Safety and Education (317) 237-5050.

r-------------------------, Participation Registration Form Name: Mr. / Mrs ./ Ms. _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ Soc. Sec. # _ _ _ _ __ Address:_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ __ __ City: _ __ __ _ _ __ __ _ _ State:_ _ _ _ _ _ Zip _ _ __ Telephone: (H) _ _\_ _ _ __ _ _ _ (B) _ _ __ _ __ _ __ Course Oirector: _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ Course Location: Oate:_ _ _ __ Organiza tion Represented: _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __

If USGF Member, List Type and Number _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Form of Payment: D Check D Visa 0 Mastercard Name on Card :_ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ Number: _ _ __ _ _ _ __ Expiration Oate: _ __ _ Signature:_ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Please make checks payable in full to USGF SAFETY CERTIFICATION Mail Registration Form and Payment to USGF, Dept. of Education & Safety: Pan American Plaza, 201 S. Capitol Ave., Ste. 300, Indianapolis, IN 46225. DO NOT WRITE BELOW THIS LINE â&#x20AC;˘ FOR OFFICE USE ONLY

(USA 69 ])

Registration Form Received:_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ L _________________________ ~ Confirmation Mailed: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __




USA Gymnastics - November/December 1991  
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