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"The Official Publication of the United States Gymnastics Federation "

VOL. 12 NO.4

MAY!.JUNE 1983

Features 8

Men's NCAA Report Nebraska harvest fifth NCAA crown at Penn State


McDonald's Classic The "Road to LA" features USA men vs. the Soviet Union

Mary Wright







International Rhythmic European tour


Education Ways to deal with 'Fear and the Pre-schooler'


USGF Bulletin Women's Olympic selection procedure


Calendar/Departments Schedule of upcoming events

Andrea B. Schmid

Dan Frederick

on the cover:

Scott Johnson, who competes on the collegiate level at the University of Nebraska, turned in an excellent routine on the parallel bars with great sequences, impeccable form and stuck a double pike dismount. Johnson, who is a senior on the NCAA champion Comhusker squad, received the highest mark, a 9.95, to be the top scorer in this event. (photo by Dave Black)

United States Gymnastics Federation MEMBERS: Amateur Athletic Union; American Sokol Organization; American Turners; Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women; National Association for Girls andWomens Spons; National Association of College Gymnastics Coaches; National Association of Collegiate Gymnastfcs Coaches/Women; National Association ofIntercollegiate Athletics; National Associati on of Women Gymnastics Judges; Nationa l Collegiate Athletic Association; National Federation of State High School Associations; National Gymnastics Judges Association; National High School Gymnastics Coaches Association; National Jewish Welfare Board; National Junior College Athletic Association; United States Association of Independent Gymnastics Clubs; Un ited States Gymnastics Safety Association; Young Men's Christian Association.


USGF Gymnastics Publisher: Mike]acki, Executive Director USGF;Managing Editor /Ar! Director: Rich Kenney, USGF Director of Communications. Men's Contributing Editor; Mas Watanabe, USGF Men's Program Director. Artist/Photographer: Dave Black, Production Director/Editor: Mike Botkin. USGF GYMNASTICS is printed bi-monthly by the United States Gymnastics Federation. Subscription rates for 6 issues are: USA-SI2; Canada-SI 4 (US currency) and foreign-S32 (US currency, air mail). Single copy price is $1.75. Copyright Š 1983 by USGF. All rightS reserved. Printed in USA MerchantS Plaza, Suite 1144E, 101 West Washington St., Indianapolis, Indiana 46204. No responsib ility is assumed for loss or damage to unsolicited manuscriptS or artwork. All editorial contributions should be accompanied by self-addressed stamped envelopes. Executive and editorial offices located at MerchantS Plaza, Su ite 1144E, 101 West Washington St. , Indianapolis, Indiana 46204. Unless expressly identified to the contrary, all anicles, statements and views printed here in are attributable solely to the author and the Un ited States Gymnastics Fe deration expresses no opinion thereon and assumes no responsibility thereof

United States Gymnastics Federation 101 W!!'SI

Wa~hingt()n Slr~1 PI.,.. . Suit< II44E Indianapolis. Indiana 46204 \I.$.A. 317-638-B743



Coaches and club owners:

An injury can cost more than a championship. When an injury keeps one of your athletes out of competition, there's a lot more at stake than the championship. Parents or guardians may be burdened with medical costs, and the club, coach and staff may be exposed to costly liability. But if 100% of your members and staff are USGF General Members, you're all protected-at annual dues per person of only $9.00. Club benefits include: . $1,000,000 Comprehensive General Liability Owners, Landlords and Tenants Liability . Trampoline Coverage

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Hired and Non-Owned Auto Liability Personal Injury Liability Premises Medical Payments Extended Bodily Injury Liability Contractual Liability Incidental Medical Malpractice Insurance is just one of the advantages of USGF Club Membership. But it could be the most important to you, your staff, your athletes, and their parents. Protect them all, automatically, by enrolling 100% of your staff and students as USGF General Members. For complete information on coverages included, call or write Vernon M. Southerland Jr., National Director, USGF Membership Program, at:


Bayly Martin & Fay/San Antonio' USGF Insurance Administrators Texas 78217 • 800-531-7224 • 800-531-7205 • In Texas only, 800-292-5721 Bayly Martin & Fay/San Antonio is the only insurance agency endorsed by USGE

p.o. Box 17800 • San Antonio,


Back to Basics


id you hear about th e exea.ltive who went out of tovmona business trip and upon his retum found his office eng<lged in a different business! When he asked his o ffice manage r how this happened , the manage r replied , 'We had mo re requests and calls in this other area and since th ey stan ed taking more of our time, th e logica l thing seemed to be to make a change. " So what does this have to do with th e United States G)~nnastics Federation? TIle faa that 90 percent of our calls and business penains to th e competitive and elite level programs has caused our past effons to emphasize and service this aspect of th e span'. Of course our O lympic hopefuls and national team is of great imponance to all of us. At the same time, this group encompasses a very small pan of the total g)~lmastics picture. Realistically, the great majority of our gymnastics' community wi ll never have any contact with that pan ion of our span.

Sharpening the Tip of the Iceberg It is easy to continually emphasize the e lite program. Television , sponsors and people like to identil)l with the Olympians and world champions. But what about the masses in th e gymnastiCS populatio n that cannot direaly derive benefits for th eir clubs and programs by the' success of the national team. Have we thought about them ?

Back to Basics Less than one year from now the g reatest event in the history of spans, the 1984 O lympic ganles, wi ll take place in Los Angeles. All of us realize how critical this event is for g)~mastics. TIle tre mendo us void left by the boycon o f the 1980 games has effected every aspect of our span. We desperately need the visabil ity of the 1984 games more than ever. At the same time, we need to have the machinery available to take advantage of the anticipated new e nthusiasm and growth of ~lm astics after 1984. TIle USGF will provide that direction and leadersh ip. O ur new administrat ion is not just looking at the tOP of th e p~amid , but more closely, at the erroding base. We are not JUSt trying to sharpen the paint, but to broade n the base, fill in the holes and gaps and provide th e ways and means of doing this. WIthin the next 12 moilths you will see a new direction and emphasis. Alier on ly three month s we have taken this new direction with vigor and committment. Let me briefly introduce some new programs that you ",~ll be hearing about in the near future. I am pleased to announce that the USG F has appoi nted Dr. Ge ra ld George as o ur Coordinator of Educatio n and Safety Development. Dr. George has the responsibility of compiling and editing th e new USGF Safety Manllal which is scheduled to be introduced in the fall of 1984. A coaches and faciliti es cenifi cation program will soon fo llow. Prior to the manual , a seri es of USGF safery posters w ill be produced quanerly. TIle first will be available at the 1983 Congress. Th e USGF ~ll be introducing an additional insurance program to be added to our current package. TIle program will be based on peak enrollm ent eliminating individual registration. Also included in this new program will be discounts for pre-school programs all available at the most competitive market rates. In addition, a market survey is being sent out all over the ~mastics community trying to secure info rmation on an issue we seldom think about, retirement! TIle USGF w ill present a coach 's and official's retirement program this fall. TIl e proglam adopted wi ll be based on the results of the survey. TIlere is much more. The USGF w ill be hosting a seri es of 16 regiona l clinics next year geared specifical ly at developme ntal g)~lnast ics for.m e n and

women. TIl e schedu le and locations will be available this fall. I am pleased to announce this fall the USGF will introduce a series of business management and 0PIXlIlunity seminars speci fically geared for the private g)~l school O~ler, designed w ith the club o",~er in mind. This progJam w ill bener prepare independent g)'mnastics clubs in the task of business management. TIle first program will be held a few days prior to the 1983 Congress in Washington D.C. TIl ere will be II additional seminars strategica lly located all over the U.S. during the six months following. Most imponantly, we are in the planning process to provide much needed programs, materials, instruction and research in spans medicine, spons psycholog)l, program planning and development, pre-school aaivities, legal topics, fund raising, management and adm inistration, progtam promotio n and futures , insurance and retirement. TIle USGF is dedicated and committed to the promotion, development and growth of gymnastics at all levels. Please be assured that we w ill diligently pursue this plan of action. We are looking forward to your panicipation. Together we can bener prepare for the future of our span. For the United States G)~nnastics Federation,



UNITED STATES GYMNASTICS FEDERATION Member Associations Amateur Athletic Union; American Sokol Organizations; American Turners; Nat ional Association for Girls and Women's Sports; National Association of Collegiate Gymnastics Coaches; National Association of Collegiate Gymnastics Coaches(Women; National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics; National Association of Women Gymnastics Judges; National Collegiate Athletic Association; National Federation of State High School Associations; National Gymnastics Judges Association; National High School Gymnastics Coaches Association; National Jewish Welfare Board; National Junior College Athletic Association; United States Association of Independent Gymnastics Clubs; United States Elite Coaches Association-Women ; United States Elite Coaches Association -Men; United States Gymnastics Safety Association; Young Men's Christ ian Association. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE President Bud Wilkinson, St. Louis, MO YMCA Representatiye Vice-President/Women Ms. Roe Kreutzer, Scottsdale, AZ USECA Representat ive Vice-President/Men Les Sasvary, Granada Hills, CA NGJA Representative Secretary

Mike Milidonis, Ann Arbor, MI Members at urge Ms. Sue Ammerman, Wayne, NJ Peter Kormann, Annapolis, MD Executive Director Mike Jacki, Indianapolis, IN BOARD OF OIRECfORS Nat, CoUegiate Athletic Assoc, Amateur Athletic Union Jerry Hardy, White Plains, NY Jerry Miles, Shawnee Mission, KS Susan Hall, Stillwater, OK Athlete Representatives Mrs. Nanq' 1hiesMarshall,GresIml.'lIl,OR Fred Orlofsl,y, Kalamazoo, MI Tim Lafleur, Minneapolis, MN William Roetzheim, Chicago, IL Brent Simmons, Indianapolis, IN Nat. Federation of State lligh Schools Assoc, Gene Whelan, Omaha, NE Kathy Johnson, Hunington Beach, CA Sharon Wilch, Aurora CO Debbie Fike Sclmeider, Wheat Ridge, CO Susan Tme, Kansas City, MO American Sokol Organization Nat, Assoc, for Girls and Womens Norma Zabka, New York, NY Spons Nat, Assoc, of CoUegiate Gymnastic Mimi Murray, Springfield, MA Coaches-Men Nat, Gymnastics Judges Assoc, Rusty Mitchell, Albuquerque, NM Les Sasvary, Granada Hills, CA Nat. Assoc, of CoUegiate Gymnastics US Assoc, of Independent Clubs Coaches-Women Edgar Knepper, Wilminton, DE Vannie Edwards, Belcher, IA US Gymnastics Safety Assoc, Nat, Assoc, of Intercollegiate Gerald George, Lafayette, IA Athletics Nat, High School Gymnastics Mark Giese, Chicago, IL Coaches Assoc, Nat, Assoc_ of Women Gymnastics John Brinkworth, Des Plaines, IL Nat,Jr, CoUege Athletic Assoc, Judges Joanne Aschenbrenner, Longmont, CO David Rowlands, Truman Co llege, US Elite Coaches Assoc,-Women Chicago, IL Roe Kreutzer, Scottsdale, AZ Arlene Crossman, Albany, OR . Jewish Welfare Board Jim Gault, Tuscon, AZ US Elite Coaches Assoc,-Men Courtney Shanken, Highland Park, IL Jim Howard, Lincoln, NE Young Men's Christian Assoc, Bud Wilkinson, St. Louis, MO

Nebraska Harvests 5th NCAA Title UClA's Peter Vidmar Captures All-Around Honors he name was the same, only the place had changed as the University of Nebraska Corn huskers used a steady performance to shuck challenges by UCLA and host Penn State to capture its fifth consecutive NCAA Men's collegiate gymnastics title. For the first time in three years Nebraska was not the host school for the NCAA championship, but performing on foreign turf didn't bother them much. With the top three keeping pace with each other, Nebraska started mounting a surge after the fourth rotation that challengers Penn State and UCLA just couldn't keep up with. The best collegiate gymnasts from the nation were assembled for this three day event. Qualillcations for teams and individuals was based on an average of top scores earned during the regular season, with three of the top five marks scored on the road. From each of the NCAA's four regions for gymnastics, the top team and five top individuals were selected. In addition to the best from the regions, an additional six teams and four individuals on each event were selected as at large competitors. All Around Compulsory exercises were the first half of the all around competition. Of the 32 gymnasts who performed, 29 scored above the minimum 52.00 which was one of the criteria used to select all around competitors for the championships. There were 17 who scored above 55.00 and seven whose marks were over 57.00. Only UCLA's Peter Vidmar broke the 58.00 mark with an excellent 58.60 Going into the optional routines Vidmar held a substantial lead of .75 over his nearest competitor, Scott Johnson. Johnson had upgraded his optional exercises but it was not likely that Vidmar would make the mistakes necessary for Johnson to overtake him.


Scolf jo!mso/1 (above) and fbil Caboy (/ejl) ofNebraska paced Ibe Cornbuskers 10 Ibeir 51b NCM crOW/1 by jinisbing second andfourlb respeclively in Ibe all around competilion. (photos by Dave Black)

Thus, a trend which had occurred in that last two NCAA championships had stopped. That is, the Nissen Award winner, Vidmar, would not be upset by Johnson as Jim Hartung had upset Bart Conner (1981 Nissen Award winner) and Vidmar had upset Hartung (1982 Nissen Award winner). Of the top seven all around competitors, only Vidmar and Johnson maintained their places after compulsories and optionals were totaled. Brian Babcock, Phil Cahoy and Tim Daggett all managed to improve their standing on the strength of their optionals to third, forth and fifth respectively. Chris Riegel and Roy USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 1?8~


(lCL4', Peler lit/mar mpilall::cd uti {Ill t'.l'aJ/lent Jirst rolltld toltil uJ 5860 tu IfIke t/ll' 1\'(:,11 all 11/'()/I;ld til/e \U/1II(IT, Il'ho alll{~<se</

116.95 paints, cllIUm.:d IIcarest 11595 pomts

c<JtII/ktlflJr Scott /o/m,oll, Il'ho gal'//!,,'!'d

blmSR.!! SiJuli>e171 llill/o,~' Brtall Babcock jill,~bed Ibm/ u'lth 11570 POlllls (photo ~, Datle Black)

Palassou dropped to sixth and seventh, Note: Both Riegel and Palassou are dynamic gymnasts with excellent international careers ahead of them. In addition to the All American performances of the top six, the depth of the all around competitors was vastly improved over 1982, Twenty-four gymnasts scored over 108.00 in 1983; while only 14 achieved that mark in 1982,


Suter Mikus Riegel

cahoy j ohnson- S PH

Appe l

Mikus Riegel


The most marked change in floor exercise over last year was the number of gymnasts using difficult combinations of tumbling



johnson-S cahoy R

C.,hoy johnson-S V

PRELIMINARY OPTIONALS For the second consecutive year compulsories did not count toward team or individual event qualifications to the finals, Without concern for the compulsories, individuals and teams had been able to concentrate on their optionals, Depth abounded on each event in the preliminary optionals, FLOOR EXERCISE

The most marked change in floor exercise over last year was the number of gymnasts using difficult combinations of tumbling. In addition, transitions were more stylish and original. Full twisting colltitlUed to page 10 USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE


Bowers-Mik Mikus Riegel



95 91 99 96 99

94 92 98 93 97

94 90 97 94 98

945 915 975 935 985 47.55

7 14 3 8 1

86 94 96 97 99

86 94 96 97 98

90 92 96 97 98

88 94 97 97 98

870 940

15 9 7 6 3

92 94 93 93 98

92 96 94 95 99

91 95 94 94 98

93 94 95 91 98

920 945 940 935 908 47. 20

97 97 99 98 96

97 97 99 97 95

98 98 99 97 95

970 975 990 975 950 48.60


97 99



johnson- S cahoy

98 95

960 970 980 47.20

13 6 7 9 2 7 5 2

5 15




98 99 97

96 97 97 98 97

95 96 96 99 97

96 95 96 98 97

960 955 965 985 970 48.35

6 7 4

97 98 98 99 97

97 97 98 99 96

97 98 97 99 98

97 98 98 99 97

970 980 980 990 970 48.90 287.80

7 4 4


cahov l OhnSon- S HE

96 93 97 93 99

Suter Mikus Riegel

Johnson-S cahoy







from page 9 doubles and triple twists were common. Thirty-one gymnasts earned 9.40 or better and 9.60 was the cut-off for individual finals. POMMEL HORSE

Only a relatively few gymnasts were working to the handstand position last year, this year it appeared to be an unwritten requirement. Twenty gymnasts scored 9.45 or better and those scoring below 9.70 did not qualuy for finals. STILL RINGS

The still rings were marked by solid swings in both directions, good strength but relatively little originality. Half-in, half-outs and double layouts were the standard dismounts with the exceptions of

Interestingly, vaulting required only 9.70 to reach finals, while pommel horse and high bar required 9.75 or higher to qualify. two double twisting doubles. Twenty-one gymnasts attained 9.45 or higher. The finalist had to attain 9.60 or better to reach the top eight positions. VAULT

The usual variations of handspring fronts (tuck, pike, early and late half twists), Tsukaharas (pike, layout and full twists) and Kasamatsus prevailed. Interestingly, vaulting required only 9.70 to reach finals, while pommel horse and high bar required 9.75 or higher to qualUY. PARALLEL BARS

Parallel bars is still the weakest event at the championships. Thirteen gymnasts qualified for the finals. Seven of those qualifying tied at 9.45. Even though the technique and execution were excellent, originality suffered in most routines. HORIZONTAL BAR As with the handstand on pommel horse, one arm giants were

done in nearly every horizontal bar routine. Unlike rings, vault and parallel bars, many original combinations into and out of one arm giants were demonstrated. Twenty-SiX gymnasts scored 9.60 or better. This seemed to be the most exciting event for the spectators.



, I





NAME Branch Hinton Johnson-S Vidmar Sweeney-J Gilliam Riegel Oates

PRELIM. ------- --- - -- --- - --

- ---


- -- -


Kieso Ladman Vidmar Babcock Daggett Palassou

- - -- -- - ------ - -- - - -

3 5

Schwartz Johnson-S Viscardi Arnot Coelho McMurchie Slomski Babcock Vidmar

- -- - -- - -- - --- -- - - -- - -- - --

7 7 2 2

7 7

99 99 98 99 98 98 97 97

98 97 99 98 97 98 97 97


99 99 99 98 97 97 98 98

990 990 990 980 975 975 970 970

99 99 99 98 98 96

99 98 99 98 97 96

995 990 990 980 975 960

99 98 98 96 97 95 94 94

99 98 97 96 95 94 94 93

985 980 965 960 955 945 940 935

99 99 99 98 98 93 97 97


4 5 5 7 7

SCHOOL Arizona St. Arizona St. Nebraska UCLA H. Baptist Kent State Nebraska Oklahoma

9.900 9.900 9.900 9.800 9.750 9.750 9.700 9.700

4 5 5 7 7

9.950 9 .900 9.900 9.800 9.750 9.600

N. Il linois 2 Penn State 2 UCLA 4 S. Illinois 5 UCLA 6 San Jose St.

9 .850 9.800 9.650 9.600 9.550 9.450 9.400 9.350 9.300

1 UCLA 2 Ne'braska 3 Penn State 4 New Mexico 5 Springfield 6 Ill inois 7 S. Illinois 8 S. Illinois 9 UCLA




5 5 3 1


7 7 5 5 7 3



99 99 98 97 96

99 99 98 98 97

98 98 98 98 96 96 96 95 95 96 96 94 95 94 94 93 8- -94


2 2

4 5 6 1


3 4 5 6 7 8

for ",ore results, see page 23


WbyCome to a USGF Congress? October 6-9, 1983 •

It's the one time of the year when coaches, judges, administrators, club owners , and manufacturers , from all over the country meet with new ideas and products .. . . .

It's a time when people from all levels and aspects of gymnastics can learn and exchange ideas with the most qualified clinicians in our sport. .. ..

It's a time to communicate directly with the new administration of the USGF .. . . making an. investment in your membership .....

It's a time to see the latest in gymnastics products and services . . . . .

It's a time to meet and make new friends . . ...

(photos by Dave Black)

Th e 1984 Olympic Ga mes will be in Los Angeles next summer, and all levels of gymnastics will benefit fro m th e momentum generated from this event as they did in '72 and '76. Th rough a cooperative effort, th e planning we do now will determine how far our sport will fare in the eighties and beyond. The challenge is not just for a few . .. but for all who want to make gymn asti cs a better place for all athletes ....

To ensure the quality of the growth and development of gymnastics . .. .

Can You Afford Not to be atCongress? See pp. 26·27 for the 1983 Co ngress Schedule an d call 1·800·243· 3 18 0 10 make your reservat io ns today.



INTERNATIONAL RHYTHMIC PROGRAM REPOKf By Andrea B. Schmid During our recent Rhythmic International Invitational three meet tOur, great strides were made in ptOving to the world that the United States is on its way up. The competitions were scheduled very close tOgether, which made for a tiring trip. In spite of this, our young team learned a great deal. The team , comprised of Lydia Bree, Michelle Berube , Valerie Zimring, Olympic Coach Alia Svirskiy, and myself, tOok to the air for Bulgaria on May 4, from JFK Airport, New York. The exposure and experience the team gained by competing against the best in the world greatly enhanced our international recognition in the SpOrt. It also gave our talented coaches, Svirskiy and Zina Mironov, a chance to measure our progress in preparation for the Olympic games in Los Angeles . Because of our poor flight connections to Bulgaria, we arrived in Sofia the evening of the 5th tOtally exhausted. The other 24 competing countries had already been there for two or three days. With just an overnight rest , we began competition the next day. In the morning we arrived at the arena for a light work-out and a 15 minute rotation on the competition floor. Our team looked tired. We were to find out later that Lydia's fever was due to a kidney infection. She missed the competition and was so ill she could not even attend the meet to observe. Many thanks to the Bulgarian host and docrors for their fantastic help. BULGARIA The)ULIETTACHICHMANOVAINTERNATIONAL TOURNAMENT was held in Sofia May 6-8, 1983. Each of the 24 nations sent twO of their best competitOrs. The level of competition was very high , and as usual, the Bulgarians were sensational. Their gymnasts completely dominated the individual and all-around awards. Winning with a fantastic score of 39.465, Lily Ignatova also swept first place in all four events. She was followed by her teammate, Anelia Ralenkova (39.132) who placed second in each event. Valerie and Michelle lacked confidence and performed far below their capabilities at this meet. Both dropped the club three times in the event I was judging. In addition, Michelle and Valerie each dropped the hoop once. Valerie received scores of 8.833 (hoop); 9.100 (ball); 8.833 (clubs); 9.166 (ribbon); a tOtal of 35.548-30th place. (Note: These strange scores were the result of a new judging experiment-whereby five judges scored each routine in addition to the superior judge. The lowest and highest scores were eliminated and the three middle scores then averaged.) AUSTRIA . Wiener Neustadt hosted the AUSTRIAN INVITATIONAL MEET on May 11 , 1983 . Both Valerie and Michelle were feeling and looking good. Still weak, Lydia competed as an alternate. Six countries participated in this meet: Austria, Hungary, New Zealand , Holland, West Germany, and the United States . Michelle and Valerie triumphed by winning four out of the five first places. They demonstrated excellent execution, elegance, originality and feeling. I have never seen them perform with such grace and dynamic energy. Valerie's consistent performance won her the all-around honors , scoring a 37.39. She also received the tOp score in the meet (9.50) for her beautiful ribbon routine, and placed second in the ball and club competition. Michelle began the competition winning the first twO events, the hoop (9.46), and ball (9.43). She placed second on clubs (9.33), but her ribbon routine lacked the accuracy required, thus scoring a 9. 10 for sixth place. If Lydia had entered as a competitOr rather than as an alternate, she would have placed eighth in the all-around. 12

Michelle Berube and the rest of the Rhythmic squad did well in the international competition gaining needed e.lperiellce. (pboto by Dave Black)

Although we showed some inconsistency, we also showed that we have great potential. Our score averaged more than a point higher than in the 1982 competitions. Two panel judges officiated the alternating hoop and ball routines, followed by the club and ribbon events. Each panel of three judges scored the routines. The three scores were added and then averaged to arrive at the mark. I was involved in both the ball and ribbon events. FRANCE Every year, Corbeil-Essonnes hosts the VERONIQUE DE KRISTOFFY INTERNATIONAL TOURNAMENT. This year it was held on May 13-15, 1983 . The tOp three gymnasts from 28 nations tOok part in this competition. In the last World Championships, 31 nations participated; Canada, China, and Mexico were absent from this competition . All the nations who competed in Bulgaria, except Canada and Greece, competed here. In addition, five other nations joined the competition. They were Brazil, Denmark, England, Israel and Sweden. The meet was very well organized under the leadership of Jeanine Rinaldi , F.I.G.President for Rhythmic Gymnastics . The judges drawing tOok place the day before the competition at the technical meeting. I drew to judge hoop in the preliminary meet and also served as a head judge for ribbon in the finals. The U.S. team competed very well overall but under the pressure of this big meet showed some inconsistency . The Bulgarians dominated the meet winning all the medals: (1) Liliana IgnatOva-tOp score in all events: 39.20. (2) Daniela Grantcharova-38.85; (3) Diljana Gueorguieva38.50; (25) Michelle Berube--36.45 ; (26) Valerie Zimring-36. 35; (34) Lydia Bree--35.70. I was pleased with our team performance. Although we showed some inconsistency, we also showed that we have great potential. Our score averaged more than a point higher than in the 1982 competitions . We received many compliments as to how much we improved and how good our girls were. Handling the. pressure of a major competition will come with more international experience. USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE




USA vs USSR 1983 By Mary Wright When the Soviet men's and women's gymnastics team were invited to the USA for a much sought after competition, the Americans involved hoped to compete against some of the USSR's top gynmasts. They were very surprised to see that the Soviets sent their seven top ranked men and seven of the top 10 women. This was a frightening, yet unbelievably exciting, line up of the world's very best. Obviously, the men led by 26 year old Ditiatin, were here to assess the arena where they would be competing for the gold in the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984. The youngest and perhaps the most outstanding performances were exhibited by Dima Bilozerchev who at 17 was remarkably calm and consistent. The womens team, on the other hand, was comparatively young with ages ranging from 14 year old Schennikova (the Jr. Soviet Champion) to 17 year old Mostepanova. Age however was of little consequence to this highly talented and very experienced team. The American men were eager for competition and were ably led by UCLA's Peter Vidmar. It was a strong USA team and possibly the nucleus for the upcoming World Championships. The womens team had the strength and maturity of Kathy Johnson and Julianne McNamara and were well represented by 14 year olds, Michelle Dusserre and Pammy Bileck. Indeed, it was the inexperienced Dusserre who performed in front of her hometown fans and won the bronze in the all-around behind two of the Russians. The men's and women's all-around competitions were held at Loyola Marymount University on April 22nd and 23rd and the men's and women's individual event finals were held in Pauley Pavilion at UCLA on April 24th. The meet was organized and hosted by the SCATS of Huntington Beach, California, and sponsored by the McDonald's Corporation and Nissan Motor Corporation. It was sanctioned by the USGF and the ABC television network covered the event. To organize a meet of this magnitude takes hundreds of working hours from the diplomatic communications between the SCATS, USGF and the Soviet Union to the seemingly impossible tasks performed by the SCATS parent organization. The Commissioners for Gymnastics for the Olympic Games, Richard and Hyla Bertea, were involved throughout and were always eager to learn the ropes of this wonderful sport.

Cheryl Grace was the USGF representative and worked closely with Richard McGann on the technical aspects of the meet. The great voice of Jan Claire was apparent during the meet as the commentator. It was a cool evening and the men warmed up in the Loyola Gymnasium waiting for their moment of expertise. The crowd was not large, in fact just over half of the arena was full. The newspapers had given us no support and the advertisements for this major international event had been running for almost a month. FX

Korolev was top scorer for this event with a 9.85. He mounted double layout, 2nd pass double front , 3rd pass full in back out. Truly an incredible performer and present champion of the USSR. Mitch Gaylord and Peter Vidmar (USA) and Bilozerchev, USSR, all scored 9.8's. Gaylord's unique style impresses both the judges and audience. He moves constantly the first half of his routine and his layout pike full in was excellent. His form is much better now and his tumbling is always very high. Vidmar had a good landing on his full in and stuck his double tuck 2nd pass. His work is very clean throughout and he dismounted double pike. Bilozerchev mounted piked full in and does a super Thomas flair into a double piroutte on his hands to finish in a wide inverted hold. It seems double backs are very common final passes. Pommel Horse A 9.85 was shared between Vidmar and three Soviets: Korolev, Bilozerchev and Artemov, and the scores from the other gymnasts were all very high. Dan Connelly from Ca. Sun Northridge feels the USA holds their own against the Soviets on this event. Martsinkiv displayed excellent form throughout a very difficult routine which went through the handstand twice and his score of9.8 was perhaps too low. Artemov performed with fantastic amplitude with tremendous difficulty but was not as precise as Martsinkiv. Korolev had to press his handstand a little but his form was impeccable. Dan says "Pommel horse is in a stage of transition with handstands being done but very few are able to go to handstand in a flowing and continuous way." Bilozerchev was simply fantastic, extremely original but had a slight deduction when he hit the horse. Vidmar has good form as is his tradmark along with a very difficult routine. His work is "very precise, not as exciting, but no place to deduct," says Connelly. Rings Jim Hartung scored a 9.95 for a routine which showed much strength and he held his strength parts when necessary. He was solid and stuck his 'h in '/2 out dismount. Gaylord and Bilozerchev shared a 9.9. Gaylord has an exciting routine finishing with a triple

Russia'sArthur Akopian (abo ve) is shown demonstrating a Thomas Flair in the flo or exercise. Akopian finished fifth o verall. 14

(photo by Dave Black)



" back dismount. The crowd whistled their approval for this American star and Connelly, who was Gaylord's former high school coach, said "That's my boy." Bilozerchev had a weak dismount, double layout, for an otherwise super strength, form, and swing routine. Vault A 9.85 was the top score for this event and it was achieved by five gymnasts. Artemov's piked front with '/2 twist had excellent form and height whereas Korolev, who performed the same vault for the same score had leg breaks and a lower landing. Bilozerchev's handspring front with 1/2 twist was in layout position and should have received a higher score for an excellent vault. The other two 9.85's were awarded to Gaylord and Johnson for their full twisting layout tsuks . Johnson had a small step on landing while Gaylord stuck his. Both were excellent vaults. Parallel Bars Scott Johnson performed the routine of his life with great sequences, impeccable form and a stuck double pike dismount. He received a 9.95 to be the top scorer on this event. 9.8's were awarded to Martsinkiv; Artemov, who was possibly the best back uprise to back stute ever, and Korolev whose giant sequence was super but was slightly off his best form. America's Vidmar also received a 9.85 for a well constructed, neat and very original routine It's interesting to note that over five scores the USA totaled 49.10 to USSR's 49.00. a very close and exciting event.

High Bar Peter Vidmar had high score on the last event of the evening. He was also the last performer of the evening and his routine which included three releases was dynamic and exhilerating. The score between the two countries was very close and crowd was disappointed when Gaylord sat down on his triple flyaway after displaying an exciting routine. Mario McCutcheon was first man up for the USA and his 1 arm reverse hecht was just fantastic. He undoubtably has the best form of an American male gymnast and if he had gone up towards the end of the line up his score of9.8 would almost certainly have been higher. Martzinkiv's 1 arm giant, 1 arm pirouette, 1 arm blind change to Higgins roll was fantastic. Tim Daggett also received a 9.85 for a great routine with very difficult skills, very well executed. Ditiatin scratched this event because he had twisted his knee the first day of training and Makuts, the alternate, was apparently even more hurt that Ditiatin. USRR 293.00 Final Score - USA 293.00 First place finisher Yuri Korolev (above) prepares to finish his oneann giant during the USA -USSR meet. Korolev received a 9 .85 in this event. (photos by Dave Black)

Dima Bilozercheu (above) do es his version olfhe Thomas Flair on fhe pommel horse. Bilozechev finished second overall . USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 1983

WOMEN'S REPORT Vault It was evident the Russians were not going to give away any points for execution. They demonstrated precision and control with legs always together and toes always pointed. They also showed much better discipline in their landings. The American girls performed equally difficult vaults but generally did not perform them as well. Julianne McNamara competed an excellent full twisting tucked tzuk to tie for first place with Olga Mostepanova who performed a layout tsukahara. Olga's form was excellent, legs were together, toes pointed and a stuck landing. Julianne was the ony American vaulter who displayed the same precise form as the Russians. They both scored 9.8. Four girls received 9.75. Tracee Talevera, Lena Brashnikova and Albina Shishova all stuck a round off full twisting tucked tsuk and each scored 9.75. Pammy Bileck scored a 9.75 for her high full twisting tucked tsuk. The Russians displayed more depth having to count a low score of 9.7 to USA's low score of 9.55. Uneven Bars Both countries had problems on bars with the USSR having two girls break and one girl fall while the Americans had one cover up routine and three girls fall. Brashnikova's 9.75 was high score on IS

bars. She showed strength and swing with her giant 1'/2 twist and a free hip hecht back dismount. Mostepanova socored a 9.7 executing a giant reverse hecht where she hit the bar with her foot but otherwise performed a solid routine. Michelle Dusserre and Kathy Johnson scored a 9.65. Kathy swung well and executing a deltchev and a flyaway full dismount. Michelle was a little shaky on her front stalder mount but did a nice Higgins roll, immediate slap front and a stalder front with a V2 dismount. Beam

The elegance of the Russians on beam was matched with the aggressive style of the Americans. Tracee Talavera dominated this event. She moves with the sureness of a cat while making everything look so simple. She was scored a 9.8 on this event just .05 behind Aila Shishova who demonstrated very risky elements, e.g. a round offback handspring mount, a very high well balanced roundoff tuck 16

and an impressive double back dismount. Olga Mostepanova also scored a 9.80. This gymnast is so flexible and has so much control. I was extremely impressed with her amplitude and her style. Shes's the most beautiful beam worker since Svetlana, also from the Soviet Union. Julianne performed well on the beam but sat down on her dismount to score a 9.45. Gina Stallone had a fallon her roundoff tuck but the rest of her routine was very good. She moves well on beam with excellent dance combinations and is one of the USA's top performers on this event. Floor I was disappointed in the choices of music - the choreography of the Soviet routines. In contrast, the American girls all had excellent arrangements and choreography. However, the girls from the USSR had more difficulty as a team and their execution was flawless. To scorer on this event wasJuliannewith a 9.9. Her music, USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 1983

a Hungarian Rhapsody,had good changes of pace and rhythm and Julianne worked well showing good contrasts of gypsy dance to more soft flowing movements. She mounted with a good full in, 2nd pass triple full, 3rd pass double full. Shish ova and Frolova tied for 2nd with 9.85, both executing piked full ins pass, and piked double backs for last pass. Both Mostepanova and Dusserre received boundary deductions and both scored 9.65. Mostepanova has a beautiful routine, very expressive bodily and very dynamic. She is a combination of Davidova and Filatova and is simply exquisite. Gina Stallone has a new routine performed to West Side Story. It is very dynamic and quite the best routine she's competed. She mounted double pike and dismollnted double tuck showing good strength and vibrant dance combinations throughout. USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 198?


Michelle Dusserre (above) was the strongest Of the USA team placing in a tie for third place. (photo by Dave Black)

Julianne McNamara used a 9 .9 score on the floor exercise to help her to a fifth place o verall finish. Above she demonstrates an aerial front walkover on the balance beam. (photo by Dave Black)

It was obvious the major difference between the Soviets and Americans is the Soviets give no points away. They are the best in the world at this. Their form is always p.e rfection personified. Their toe point, leg extension and simple body alignment is a pleasure to watch. We have gymnasts who can perform equally as difficult routines but we have so few gymnasts who can perform them as well. It is imperative we work on this, not only on the gyms during training but routines with better execution must receive justification from the judges when they compete. Otherwise, this problem we have 18

nationally will not receive the attention it deserves. Mens and Womens Finals The men's and women's finals were held on April 24th at UClA's Pauley Pavilion before a crowd of 9,000 people. The Soviet team marched in and were loudly applauded by a most appreciative audience. Then the Americans marched into a standing ovation. The people cheered and applauded their countrymen realizing that these same gymnasts could be marching in to this same arena just 15 months later, wearing their USA sweats with the pride and dignity which only they can sense, for the many, many year~ of hard work, offrustration, of pain and fear, of humble pride and of the sense of accomplishment which is justly theirs. Thus the competition between these two great countries began, with an atmosphere in the air that was electrical and a hush fell over the crowd as the first performer was preparing to begin men's floor exercise. Men's Floor Exercise Stephen Martsinkiv and Mitch Gaylord scored 9.8 to tie for first place. All of the finalists performed excellent ful in's some of which were second passes and Yuri Korolev dismounted 'with a full , second pass was a handspring double front somersault and first pass was an awesome double layout. He stepped out of bounds however and his 9.7 was good for a fourth place finish. Vladimir Artemov was third with a 9.75 for a clean routine. Martsinkiv's double twist to immediate punch front was exciting and his form was very impressive. Mitch's piked full in was a little short on landing but his double back dismount was high and his aggressive style made him popular with both the judges and the crowd. Womens Vault Shishova won a very close contest here beating out Julianne McNamara and teammate Olga Mostepanova by a mere .025. Her two vaults, round off layout tsuk and round off full twisting tUCK tsuk were well executed and showed excellent discipline in the landings. Julianne scored 9.75 for both of her vaults, a layout tsuk and a tucked full twisting tsuk, which were executed with precision and control. Olga also scored 9.75 for her two vaults, a full twisting layout tsuk and a nicely done piked cuevo. Mens Pommels Dima Bilozerachev quickly became the crowd's favorite as this 17-year-old youth competed with risk and dynamics throughout the evening. On pommels he's considered the best in the world with a routine that contains extremely original moves done with incredible amplitude and he was rewarded with an almost perfect 9.95. Vidmar also executed an extremely dificult routine and according to Dan Connelly shows a "very precise, not as exciting, but no place to deduct" routine. Aretmo placed third with a 9.8 performing a very difficult routine including two reverse travels in flair. Women's Uneven Bars The USSR took all three medals on this event with Shishov winning the gold, Brasnikova the silver and Mostepanova scored 9.8 for a routine that was identical to the previous day. Her giant 1'/2 piroiuette was super as was her swing and good form. Mostepanova again had trouble with her reverse hecht, hitting her leg and not attaining much height. Her score of 9.75 just edged out Kathy Johnson's 9.7. Kathy worked aggressibley and showed good swing in her delchev and flyaway full twist. Julianne McNamara again had problems with her front stalder to front release and had to take a fall. Her score of 9.45 was the result of an o!herwise perfect routine. Men's Rings Mitch Gaylord and Bilozerchev fought it our for the gold on rings both scoring 9.9 for exiting, dynamic routines. Mitch's triple back dismount highlighted a routine that was unbelievable. His control and strength on this event was superb and his 9.9 was well deserved. Bilozerchev showed super strength, form and swing but managed a weak dismount (double back) for an otherwise excellent routine. Jim Hartung and Yuri Korolev both scored 9.85. Jim holds his strength parts and has a very solid routine culminating in a great V2 and V2 out double back dismount. Korolev's routine was so much USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 1983

better than in the all-around competition and he managed his revese giants with ease. The USA and USSR fought it out again for a tie in 5th place where Scott Johnson and Stephan Martsinkiv both received 9.75. Scott finished his routine with a .super double twisting doubleback. Mell's Vault Bilozerchev scored another almost perfect 9.9 average on vault. His first attempt was a handspring piked front with V2 twist. It was absolutely fantastic. He stuck the landing and scored 9.95. His second vault was a full twisting layout tsuk which was slightly piked and scored 9.85. Korolev placed second with a piked handspring front with a 1/2 twist which was awarded a 9.85. His second vault, a layout tsuk, was quite low but scored 9.8 with an average of 9.825. Scott Johnson and Mitch Gaylord tied for third with an average score of9.80. Scott scored 9.85 for his layout tsuk and 9.75 for a low full twisting tsuk. Meanwhile Mitch scored 9.8 for both his vaults, first was a good full twisting layout tsuk and his second was a layout tsuk. Women's Beam The beam event was dominated by the Americans with Tracee Talavera winning with a 9.75 and Michelle Dusserre placing third . with 9.65. Tracee, as always, was aggressive and cool displaying great combinations and risky elements. Alia Misnik was second executing two back handsprings to a layout and a high double back dismount. Michelle is the only gymnast competing a triple twisting dismount off beam and this coupled with her high back handspring layout and side flip earned her the bronze medal. Men's Parallel Bars Bilozerchev tied for yet another gold medal with his 9.9 routine which included Thomas flairs and a giant. His originality and amplitude eventually won over the American judges who deducted him for hitting his feet on the ground in his giant. It was detemined by the jury,however, that the mats were too high and the deduction, for hitting the mats was reversed. Peter Vidmar, on the other hand, performed flawlessly with a very original set dismounting with an impressive double pike somersault. His routine was well constructed and the crowd was behind him all the way. Korolev's 9.8 edged out Tim Daggett's 9.75 for the bronze. Scott Johnson had scored a 9.95 for his routine in the dual meet but couldn't put it all together for finals where he scored a disappointing 9.5.



Classement par eq uipes Rank

ResultS o f the (cams


Porn .

Res ultate dec Man -nsch aftc n


48.3 48.9



Vau lt


HOfi z. b ars


bars 48.75 293.0 48.65 293.9

ho rse

48.75 49.05 49.05 49.1 <UI. IO 49.15 49.10 49.0

Classement individuel In dividual results EinzcLkiassement

Name I.

Korole". Yuri


Vidmar, Peter


Bilozercht"v, Dima

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.


Marlsinki\" StqJh:m

Johnson , Scott Akopian , Arth ur

Gaylord, Mitch Artemov, Vladimir

Daggett, Tim

9. Hartung, Jim 10. McCutcheon, Mario II.

Ditiatin, Alexande r


9 .85

9 .80 9.80 9.75 9 .80 9.75 9.80 9.75 9.45 9.45 9.40 0.0

9.85 9 .85 9.85 9.80 9.55 9.60 9.75 9.85 9.65 9.80 9.70 9.75

9.70 9 .75 9.90 9.85 9.75 9.80 9.90 9.75 9.75 9.90 9.55 9.85



Classemcm par eq uipes Results of the teams Resultau: der Mannsc haflen


Va ult

48.45 48.7

47.35 48.2


48.0 48.2

9.85 9.80 9.85 9.75 9.85 9.80 9.85 9.85 9 .80 9 .75 9 .30 0.0

9.85 9.85 9.65 9.85 9 .95 9.80 9.75 9.85 9.80 9.75 9.40 9.60

9.85 9.90 9.85 9.85 9.80 9.75 9.40 9.35 9.85 9.35 9.80 0.0

58.95 58.95 58.90 58.85 58.70 58.50 58.45 58.40 58.30 58.00 57.15 29.20

USA vs. USSR Beam

Floo r

48.65 48.95

192.45 194.05

9.85 9.8 9.75 9.65 9.45 9.25

9.85 9.65 9.75 9.8 9.9 9.75 9.8 9.85 9.6 9 .7 9.3 9.7


Classement individucl Individual results Einzel kiassement Name I.

Shishova, Albina


Mos tepano\,a, O lga

3. 3. 5. 6. 7. 8. 8. 10.

Dusserre , Michelle Misnik, AlIa

McNamara, Julianne Brashnikova, Lena Sche nniko\,a, Ange la Fro lova, Taliana Talavere. Tracee


I I.

Johnson, Kathy


Stallone, Gina



9.75 9.8 9.55 9.60 9.8 9.75 9.7 9. 7

9.75 9.75 9.6 9.5

9.65 9.7

9.65 9.65 9.5 9.75 9.45 9.2 9.10 9.05 9.65 9.45

9.4 9.5 9.8 9.6 9.4 9 .3

39.10 38.95 38.70 38.70 38.65 38.50 38.35 38.~ 5

38.25 38.10 37.95 37.95

Women's Free Exercise


This was an exciting final especially for Kathy Johnson who was told only minutes before the event that she would be performing. This was due to the fall Julianne McNamara had taken on her beam dismount, a fall which took her out of the remainder of the competition and allowed Kathy to perform. Tatiana Frolova won the gold with a full in mount and double back dismount. Her choreography could have been better but her execution was flawless. Right behind her with 9.8 was Kathy and Michelle Dusserre. Michelle mounted with a full in, second pass a triple twist and third pass a double twist. She performed well to a piece from All That Jazz and was well received by the crowd. Kathy's routine was elegance and emotion personified as she touched the crowd with her movements and feelings for her music. She is one of the very few gymnasts able to "reach out and touch you" while she performs. She mounted with a high double pike and dismounted with a double twist earning a well deserved silver medal. Men's High Bar Mitch Gaylord tied Bilozerchev with a 9.95 on this most exciting of men's events. Mitch's routine is aggressive and well constructed finishing with a high triple flyaway and displaying tremendous amplitude in his releases. Bilozerachev was equally as dynamic and they were the crowd's favorites at 9.95. Peter Vidmar displayed his consistency with another great performance and scored 9.85 to tie with Martsinkiv. Peter's three release moves were well executed and kept the crowd on their toes wondering what he would accomplish next. Mario McCutcheon'S fantastic one arm giant to reverse hecht was incredible. The men's high bar was indeed a great way to finish this competition between such powers as the USSR and the USA. USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 198~

Newly elected USGP Executive Director M ikeJacki, takes time out io offer members oftbe men's team a word of advice during tbe USA -USSR meet. (pboto by Dave Black) 19


AND THE PRE-SCHOOLER By DAN FREDRICKS he premise for this article lies then with the concepts that fear management training is important to the beginning gymnasts; with the surge of pre-school programs, fear should begin there; and fears are very much evident in pre-school age children.



Pre-school gymnastic programs which successfully deal with fear share two important concepts. They are cognizant of the fact preschoolers do exhibit fear and they have a need for special methods in dealing with these fears. Realizing these concepts is essential, for only then can the proper strategies be designed for fear management in the pre-school gymnasts. Fear is a natural emotional phenomena (Massimo 1976b). It is found in everyone and is constantly with us in some degree acting as a protective device against danger. Fear can be described as a reaction to insecurity, usually to a new or threatening situation (Gesell 1977). In the young child, the illicited response of fear, which is of primary concern to the coach, is withdrawal. In order for the child to remain actively participating, they must be free of any insecurities strong enough to cause withdrawal. It is essential, then, for the coach to prevent or eliminate fear in these young gymnasts to avoid their withdrawing from activity and consequently nulli!)'ing the learning process.

Fear of bodily harm is exhibited as early as five years} and increases until seven years before the child begins to control it. Attention to fear in gymnasticS is usually directed towards that of fear of bodily harm and injury; and rightly so, for the obvious reasons of self-preservation for athlete (life and limb) and coach (liability). This type of fear is a learned reaction which can be acquired not only through a previous bad experience but also through observing and identifying with another's experience (Elkind and Weiner 1978, Hetherington and Parke 1975). A child witnessing another that is hurt or frightened may likewise be intimidated from a gymnastic activity. Insecurity sensed by the student in connection with these two criteria can illicit the withdrawal response. Important to remember here is that because of the child's lack of previous experiences and cognitive development, i.e. , maturity, the danger need only be perceived to be real. Gesell ( 1977) indicates fear of bodily harm is exhibited as early as five years, and increases until seven years before the child begins to control it. He also notes the age of five and one-half years is an extremely fearful age. Wolman (1978) also supports this concept, indicating pre-school age children have many fears. These statements, then, seem to repudiate the dictum of fearless preschoolers!

Although the fear of bodily harm and injury is of great importance to both the gymnast and coach and is given the most attention} there are other fears which can equally affect the pre-schooler'S learning experiences. As the child matures, his previous experience and cognitive development aids in distinguishing between real and perceived fears. What once caused them insecurity no longer threatens them. Conversely, what once did not make them withdraw may do so now. Although the fear of bodily harm and injury is of great importance to both the gymnast and coach and is given the most attention, there are other fears which can equally affect the pre-schooler'S learning experiences. Among the identified fears that can be important in the gym are the fear of strangers, loss of balance, falling, ridicule, peer disapproval, separation, failure, heights, and of being laughed at. These should be seriously considered when working with pre-school gymnasts. Fear need not be entirely thought of as a detriment to gymnastic success. Actually, fear plays a vital role in gymnastics as it can act as a safety measure for avoiding dangerous falls or accidents from occurring. Therefore, the gymnasts need to understand the safety measures to be employed and the ramifications if neglected. When discussing safety measures with the students, they should be firmly but matter-of-factly stated. Too much emphasis on the negative aspects of safety should be avoided as this may create an atmosphere where the students are too apprehensive and, therefore, hinder learning and performance. AVOIDING FEARS

he most practical and efficient solution to any problem is to eliminate the initial cause of the problem. Although simplistic in theory, this concept can prove well worth the effort spent when considering the amount of time the adverse effects of fear can take away from a gymnast's practice sessions. The time used in the prevention of fear in the early stages of training will be worth this extra effort, when the gymnasts is faced with fearful situations associated with more advanced skills. When faced with such a fearful situation, the gymnasts will remain in the activity without withdrawing and, therefore, conserve practice time. Also Significant is the fact less time will need to be devoted to fear management strategies if withdrawal should happen to occur. As mentioned, fear is a reaction to insecurity. The two main hindranccs in dealing with insecurity in the pre-school child are attributed to their lack of previous experiences and lack of effective cognitive development. When the young children cannot adequately find security in themselves, due to lack of the aforementioned criteria, they look to- their parents or other accepted adult figures for it. In the gym, it is the coach who is required to give this security to the child. For the moment, place yourself in the position of a pre-school child being led into what is called a gym, many times larger than any


Mitch Gaylord (left) concentrates on his grip on the bar. (photo by


Seepage 22 21

living room you've ever seen, contammg strange, foreboding equipment w ith strangers around. Compound this by the fact you are now being separated from your parents, and you can imagine why these children feel so insecure on their first arrival. The first step a coach can take to nullify these insecurities is to make an extra effort in the initial classes to ensure the students will gradually acclimate themselves to these perceived new and threatening stimuli. The friendliness and supportiveness shown by the coach will be very important in giving the pre-schooler a sense of security to help overcome his initial fears. After the coach-student rapport has been established, the next step is to slowly familiarize the student with the physical aspects of the gym. Gradually becoming acquainted with the equipment, students and activities, combined with tmst in the coach, will do much to give the student a sense of security for his initial fear management. When initially trying to become acquainted with new students and of alleviating their insecurities, an often employed approach to reaching the students is through humor and laughter. Laughter may break down barriers between the students and coach only if it is not directed at a student. When employing humor it is imperative that at no time should a child feel that he or she is being laughed at. Lorenz (1966) , in his classic work "On Aggression", emphasizes the importance of this concept, stating .. ... laughter can turn into a very cmel weapon, causing injury if it strikes a defenseless human being undeservedly: it is criminal to lml[~h at a child." (Italics supplied) After the initial steps have been taken to develop the student's trust in the coach and security in the atmosphere of the gym, the next step is to make the child secure in the physical activity itself; in other words to gain self confidence through successful experiences eliminating the chance for fear to become detrimental. Of major concern here are the methods described by Massimo (1976a, 1981 a); namely, the use of progressions, correct spotting, and the gymnast's physical preparedness. There are two main indications for the use of progressions.







First, because the tasks are graduated, it gives the gymnasts selfconfidence when successfully accomplishing basic activities which will be used by the child as experience references when faced with further challenging skills. Secondly, progressions will make the activities safer. Any falls or accidents which should occur will prove to be less traumatic to the child, thereby leaving less chance of the resultant fear response from occurring. Progressions, therefore, are the main aid in giving the child a repertoire of safe and successful experiences with which to build upon. However, correct use of spotting and the gymnast's physical preparedness, as well as the proper use of mats and good equipment, are also important factors to be employed for promoting self-confidence and safety. FEAR MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES

ears are found in everyone to a certain degree throughout life. Even if preventive measures to avoid fears are employed, the yo ung gymnasts may still exhibit various degrees of fear (although these fears should be fewer and less critical if preventive measures are used.) To aid the gymnasts in adequately managing any fears acquired in the gym, the coach will need to understand and to utilize several basic fear management strategies. The first step a coach can use following a fearful situation is to give the student extra encouragement and support. This additional reassurance may be all that is required for the gymnast to overcome an insecure situation and to participate again. Note the child is encouraged, not forced , into participation. Forcing the issue on a child who is not emotionally (or physically, if tramuma has occurred) readywill merely aggravate an already fearful situation and may intensify their withdrawal. Needless to say, using ridicule or humiliation is detrimental when encouraging a child to participate and should be avoided. The next step a coach can take to alleviate a fearful situation from arising is to have the gymnast step back in the skill progressions, thus keeping them actively participating at a level where they are secure. The child then goes through the progression again so they gain security through safe and successful experiences. If the student is at such a point where few or no steps in the progression can be taken back, the coach will need to simply familiarize the gymnast again with the fear-provoking object or activity.


We see that the child's natural reaction to fear can be instinctively resolved through their own inquisitiveness; i.e. , compulsive return. The coach can then simply allow nature to run its course as the child's return should be merely a matter of time with the coach's support. To hasten this compulsive return, the coach may take yet another step. Knowing that young children will be drawn back to an activity more rapidly when there are fearless models to observe, (Hetherington and Parke 1975) the coach simply designs lessons where the gymnast can identify and be with other fearless children. The above-mentioned strategies should help the young gymnasts adequately manage their basic fears. For managing deeper-rooted fears or phobias, more specialized and intense methods need to be used in conjunction with a professional.

REFERENCES CITED Lorenz. K. , 011 aggression. New York: Bantam. 1966.


Dealer and Team inquiries invited

4549 S, Hydraulic Wichita, KS 67216 316-522-1845 22

Elkind. D., & Weiner, 1. Del'elopJllellt of the child. New York: Wiley, 1978. Gesell. A .. IIg. F.. Ames. L. . & Bullis. G. The child /mJll /il'e to tell (Rev.Ed.). New York: Harper & Row, 1977. Heth eringt on. M. & Parke. R. Childpsychol0l{I':acollteJllpormY I1ellpoil/t. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1975. Massimo. ). Fear in gymnastics (Part I). IlltenUi/iollal l{J'JIll/ast. May 1976. pp. 46. _ _ Fear in gymnastics (Part 2). Il/te/11a/iol/{/Il{l'l/mast. June 1976. pp. 10. _ _ A post script to fear in gymnastics. /llte/11(/tiollall{J'l/I/Ulst. July 1976. pp. 62 . _ _ " I'm afraid to, etc. " /l/te/11{/tiOIl{/Il{J',mlast. Jan. 1981 pp. S7-S8. _ _ '"I'm afraid to. etc. : com ." /ntematiollall{JI'/lI/{lst. May 1981 , pp. S6-S7. Wolman, B. Childrel/ s/ears. New York: Signet. 1978. USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 1981


UOA Penn Slate Iowa Stale Ohio State Illinois Oklahoma N. Illinois

S. Illinois Ariwna St.








47.35 46.75 47.20 46.85 46.25 46.00 47.1 0 46.80 46.30 45.50

45.90 45.75 46.95 45.65 45.85 45.40 44.45 45.65 45.80 45.70

46.90 47.50 46.90 46.55 45.60 46.60 45.85 45.65 46.10 45.60

48.10 47.95 46.60 47.55 46.95 46.75 47.75 46.50 46.35 47.40

46.30 46.10 46.05 44.85 45.40 44.70 45.85 45.30 44.05 44.15

4845 47.35 45.75 46.20 47.50 47.80 46.10 46.35 47.35 46.15

283.00 281.40 279.45 277.65 2n .55 277.25 276.60 276.25 275.95 247.40

4 4 4 1

99 98 98 98 97 97 95 94

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10



Reigel Wickstrom

Johnson- S




2 4 4

Williams-J Vidmar

99 99 !! 99 99 99 98 98 98 98 97 96 96 94 94 95




99 99 98 98 98 98 95 97

1 1 3 4 4 6 7 8

9900 9900 9850 9800 9800 9700 9500 9450

9.900 9.900 9.850 9.800 9.800 9.700 9.500 9.450

1 1 3 4 4 6 7 8



California Nebraska l.ou isiana S. Arizona St.

Ind iana St.




Johnson-S Babcock



Biespiel Hinton

Banleu Sweene}'-J Riegel Cahoy

5 3 1 7 3 7 7

Painto n Daggen Kennedy Dewilt




99 97 97 96 95 96 95 95 95 94 95 93 92

98 96 96 95 95 94 94 92 94 93 90 94 89

99 97 97 95 95 94 95 94 94 95 93 93 91

98 97 97 96 95 95 94 94 93 93 94 93 93

1 2 2 4 5 6 6 8 8 10 10 12 13

985 970 970 955 950 945 945 940 940 935 935 930 915

9.850 9.700 9.700 9.550 9.500 9.450 9.450 9.400 9.400 9.350 9.350 9.300 9.150


1 2

2 4 5 6 6 8 8 10

Nebraska S. lIIinois New Mexico S. Conn Arizona St. Penn Stale

H. Baptist Nebraska Nebraska Pen n Stale

20 UOA 12 N. 1II0noi5 23 Arizona 51.



Johnson-S Vidmar Mikus

a,bcock Dagen Bartlen Playte r Arnot

FOSler Manin - G

Riegel Sanches

1 1 8 8 8 4 8 4 8 1 4 4

98 98 99 98 97 98 97 96


93 94

99 99 98 98 98 97 96 96 94 96 92 91

FINALS !! 99

99 99 98 97 98 97 98 95 93 92 91

99 98 96 98 98 96 96 95 93 91 90



1 2 3 3 3 6 7 7 9 10

995 990 980 980 980 975 965 965 950 935 920 910



9.950 9.990 9.800 9.800 9.800 9.750 9.650 9.650 9.500 9.350 9.200 9. Loo


2 3 3 3 6 7 7 9 10 22 12


UClA Nebraska S. Ill inois

UOA Penn Slate Ohio Slare

New Mexico

Ohio State H. Baptist

Nebraska Illinois


Campbell Caso-c Daggeu Gaspard Vidmar


Camp bell Gaspard Caso-c Daggett Vidmar


Campbell Caso-c Daggeu Vidmar

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93 93 96 97 98

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90 92 92 97 98

88 90 93 98 98

88 93 94 98 98

90 91

890 915 935

14 13


3 3

89 90 97 92 99

90 93 96 92 99

89 92 96 93 99

90 94 89 93 99

895 925 965 925 990 47.00


96 96 97 98


96 96 98 98

96 96 97 98


10 10 7 3


960 960 970 980 1000 48.70 820 910 955 965 980 46.30

15 13 7 4 2

880 885 970 990 990 47.15 283.90

15 14 7 1 1


94 98 99



Caso-c Campbell Real

81 94 95 98 98

82 90 96 97 98

82 91 97 96 98

85 91 95

87 88 97 99 99

88 89 97 98 99

88 88 97 99 99

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93 96 98 98 99

97 98 99

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for tnm路e results see page 24 USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 1983



980 46.00


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3 11




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continued/rom page 10

TEAM PRELIMINARIES Nebraska, for the fifth straight year, emerged from the preliminary optionals in the number one position, but they were trailed closely by UCLA who was just 1.60 behind. A somewhat distant third (3.55) but still within striking range was Penn State University. If the Cornhuskers were to be unseated as the NCAA champs perhaps this was the year. UCLA, with a season average of 280.60, appeared pleased to have scored 281.40 in the preliminary team competition. With two 8.90's and a 7.95 , they certainly had room for improvement. Penn State managed to score 279.4 5 despite a very weak (relatively) team score on vault and major breaks on pommel horse, parallel bars, and horizontal bar. Iowa State and Ohio State were placed in the same pOSitions, as they were in 1982, 4 th and 5th respectively. The only difference being a somewhat higher team score. Ironically, Iowa State had no qualifiers for the individual event finals and Ohio State had only two finalists, both in horizontal bars. The bottom five teams all performed close to the season averages which had qualified them for the championships. In addition, each team qualified competitors for the individual event finals.

TEAM FINALS Nebraska could be beaten, at least it appeared so this year. Jim Hartung, who had been Nebraska's top AA competitor was now an assistant coach. There were rumors that Cahoy had a shoulder strain, Wes Sutter had a broken finger, and Jim Mikus had back problems. In addition, their team had scored 2.50 points below their 1982 preliminary score of 285.50. Following the first rotation, it appeared the Cornhuskers would have to fight off strong attacks by Penn State and UCLA. All three teams hit well with Nebraska holding the lead at 47.55 on floor exercise, to Penn State's 47.0 on still rings, and UCLA's 47.00 on pommel horse. During the second rotation all three teams had some problems but the defending champs siezed the opportunity and began to gain momentum with a .75 lead over the Bruins and a 1.20 lead over the Nittany Lions. A surprise came in the fourth rotation when UCLA was forced to count Chris Caso's low 8.20 mark on the parallel bars. This following outstanding totals on pommel horse (Ladman 9.90; Stanley 10.00; and 47.90 event total) and horizontal bar (4 7.75 event total). Penn State drew closer to the Cornhuskers nudging into the second spot by .15 points over UCLA.


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970 960 970 950 955 960 950 955 945 960 980 980 955 990 925 915 970 935 915 930 965 945 955 930 910 940 925

995 975 910 940 975 970 970 980 975 915 895 940 985 980 950 850 9 10 935 950 950 935 945 885 885 875 870 900 890 955 945 895 835

970 990 990 975 970 940 955 910 950 965 925 910 940 955 960 940 910 910 920 855 905 895 940 895 950 9 15 935 930 920 870 940 930

970 975 985 980 975 970 960 950 965 955 970 995 930 955 955 940 950 950 940 950 960 960 955 950 935 945 935 930 945 930 950 930

940 980 965 980 945 965 975 975 960 970 980 970 895 965 950 930 945 875 930 930 940 970 895 920 915 910 975 945 875 925 945 930

990 980 990 960 975 970 960 980 975 960 980 985 965 890 980 930 970 950 965 955 935 800 990 935 970 975 975 905 955 935 965 955

58.35 58.60 58.10 57.85 57.95 57.75 57.70 57.50 57.70 57.25 57.10 57.80 56.70 57.35 57.20 55.05 56.55 55.55 56.20 55.70 56.40 55 15 56.20 55.15 55.55

900 920 920 950 865


I 2 2 3 4 4 5 4 7 7 3 8 6 6 15 9 9 13 8 11 12 13 12 18 55.5 9 56.05 16 55.00 16 55.70 17 55.25 II 56,45 10 54.45 20

Problems continued to plague the Bruins on their fifth rotation at the horizontal bars with Penn State and five solid vaults to score 48.25. Nebraska still held a comfortable lead 'w hile UCLA was trying desperately to catch Penn State. Going into the sixth and final rotation, Nebraska appeared to be heading for the crown while the Lions were starting second place right in the face. But a superb team effort in vaulting by the Bruins took the roar, and second place, right away from Penn State by a count of 283 .90 to 283.70. At the end of the final rotation, Nebraska had attained its third event total over 48 points and had also broken the NCAA team scoring record with a 287.80, all aided by a super horizontal score of 48.90.

INDIVIDUAL EVENT FINALS The individual finals were marked by additional outstanding performances. Following are some noted skills on each event. FLOOR EXERCISE: Hinton(A.S.U.) RO, FF, fu ll, Full, Punch Front. Gilliam (H.B.U) Full Twisting Front to Stepout Gilliam (K.S.U.) RO, FF, Full, FF, Double. POMMEL HORSE: Ladman (P.S.u.) Full twisting loop and continue to uphill circles. Daggett (UC.L.A.) Flairing travels crossways without using pommels. STILL RINGS: Johnson (Nebraska) and Vidmar (UC.L.A.) Double twisting double. Viscardi (P.S.u.) Inverted cross, lower to Maltese cross, lower to cross position and pull out. VAULT: Riegel (Nebraska) Cuervo Wickstrom (California) Open pike handspring front. Not new but still impressive. PARALLEL BARS: Johnson (Nebraska) Beautiful giant swing. Babcock (S.I.U.) Cast support from the middle to the end. Sweeney (H.B.U.) Run to . Markelov mount over both bars to glide. HORIZONTAL BAR: Johnson (Nebraska) One arm giant to immediate higgins turn, triple back. Bartlett (Penn State) Hop Pirouette from eagles to one arm without touching other arm. Martin (H .B.U.) Full pirouette during one arm giant while in straddled position. Dewitt


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11 6.95



2 Nebraska

Risk in-N

11 5.70

3 S. Illinois

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11 5.20

4 Nebraska



11 4.95




0 C C C

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11 4.90

6 Nebraska



7 San Jose St.


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11 2.10

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II 1.55 11 Illinois

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11 1.35 12 H. Baptist

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11 1.05 14 Ohio State

110.95 15 Iowa Sratc

Sims 0 C Bowers-Mike 0 C

920 950 930 940 940 930 945 940

900 900 945 900 955 925 940 890 925 835 925 920 950 895 935 900 940 840 925 745 0 910 0 910

925 930 840 905 920 920 905 900 930 890 845 900 865 940 890 940 890 910 900 855 915 925 760 870 915 930 790 855 910 885 850 830 875 905 820 890 8j5 935 800 895 825 915 815 880 825 915 80S 935 900 910 670 845 840 930 620 850 890 875 945 830 890 895 835 875

945 960 955 980 945 960 945 870 960 965 960 950

900 955 950 945 930 940 900 930 955 905 870 910 920 885 930 880 0 945 955 940

945 890 890 845 890 920 925 930 915 955

900 90S 945 850 875 855 900 845 855 880 920 780 9 10 835 875 680 905 655 935 850 790 890

845 970 915 925 945 910 845 930 950 840 950 940 980 920 960 960 965 940 965 90S 930 875 915 870 815 805 895 645 840 930 0 845

55. 10 55.1 5 55.30 54.95 55,40 54.65 54.65 55.00 55.25 54.15 55.95 53.25 56.25 52.95 55.20 53.30 55.00 52.70 54. 15 53.30 54.95 51.50 53.70 52.55 53.60 47.25 54.25 43.95 34.50 54. 10 35.30

23 12 20 18 19 19 26 16 21 21 16 25 12 26 22 23 24 28 28 23 25 30 29 29 30 31 27 32 31 22 32 52.95 26

110.25 17 Arirona St. 110.25 17 UCLA ]]0.05 19 O hio St..e 109.65 20 Pe nn State 109,40 21 UCLA 109.20 22 Iowa State 109.20 22 Pe nn State 108.50 24 Michigan 107.70 25 S. Illino is 107.45 26 Stanfo rd 106,45 27 Iowa State 106.25 28 Brig - Young 100.85 29 S. Conn 98.20 30 Navy 89.50 31 O klahoma 88.25 32 NebJ"dSka

110.90 16 S. Conn






Our entire 1981 catalog of back issues (6 issues) is available in this special package price of $6.00 (while supply lasts). We 'll also include the Mar / April 1982 issue of USGF GYMNASTICS covering the 82 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS and as an added incentive we'll throw in Vol. 3, No. 2 of WORLD GYMNASTlCSFIG 's official publication. Eight issues in all for only $6.00.



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We 'll send you 10 assorted back issues of USGF GYMNASTICS ('78-'80) to complete your gymnastics library with the nation 's most comprehensive publication in the sport.

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PROGRAMS Past programs ranging from the first USSR tour in 1975 to the more recent INTERNA TlONAL INVITATIONAL. Eight programs in all for the package price of $6.00.

CPM 1 Code of Points for Men .12.50 CPW2 Code of Points for Women S12.50 SWCl 1981 FIG Supplement of the Women's Code 5l.50 SWC2 1982 FIG Supplement of the Women's Code 51.50 S13 USGF Supplement of the Women's Code 51.50 JOCE3 Jr. Olympic Age Group Compulsory Exercises for Men S5.00 CRw4 National Compulsory Routines for Women S5.00 MGCM18 Men's Program Guidelines and Coaching Manual 59.95 EPW5 USGF Rules and Policies and Elite Program Book for Women 56.00 CPMR16 Code of Points for Rhythmic 520.00 MRCE15 Rhythmic Compulsory Exercises 1980-84 53.50 MRR17 Rhythmic Resource s .50 55.00 RS 11 Reference Set (2 books) History of the Development of the USGF ('71) 100 yrs. of the International Gymnastics Federation (1881-1981) FB 11 FI G Bulletin ( 4 issues) 525.00 JBCF7 USGF Jr. Boys Age Group Compulsory Film 535.00


) 8 Assorted Back Issues ) Program Package

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Book Rate Postage: 1-2 Books 5l.25, 3-5 Books 52.50, Over 6 Books 53.00

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Position Available Executive Office Coordinator for United States Gymnastics Federation Men's Gymnastic Program An in-house coordinator for handling logistical

details/aspects of men's competition developmental programs. Salary commensurate with qualifications and responsibility.

Total Amount Enclosed

Name__________________________________________ Address _______________________________________ City_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ State_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Zip _ _ _ __

Merchants Plaza Suite II44E 101 W Washington SL Indianapolis, IN 46204 . U.S.A.

Send resume and cover letter to: Mike Jacki Merchants Plaza Suite 1144E 101 West Washington St. Indianapolis, Indiana 46204


Allow 2-3 weeks for delivery No C.O.D. or bill me orders accepted

L _________________________




Octobel" S-9, 1983

Wednesday 9:00 am - 4:00 pm

Business Management & Opportunity Seminar

Gary Seibert Steve Cook

6:00 pm - 10:00 pm

Business Management & Opportunity Seminar

Gary Seibert Steve Cook

9:00 am - 5:00 pm

Business Management & Opportunity Seminar

Gary Seibert Steve Cook

9:00 am - 5:00 pm

American Coaching Effectiveness Program

Robert Levi n Dan Go uld


The above sessions are being presented immediately prior to USGF Congress.

Thursday 6:00 pm - 7:30 pm

General Assembly

Mike Jacki

8:00 pm - 9:30 pm

Open Meeting

Mike Jacki

9:00 am - 11:00 am

Legal Aspects of Gymnastics

Herb Appenzeller Marc Rabinoff Jerry George Bruno Klaus

9:00 am - 10:30 am

Rhythmic Gymnastics Group Choregraphy Lecture/Demonstration

Dr. Zina Miranov

9:00 am - 12:00 pm

Elite Judging Clinic

Jacl<i Fie

11 :00 am - 12:00 am

Men's Program

Frances Allen

11 :00 am - 12:15 pm

Rhythmic State & Regional Chairman

Andrea Schmid

11:30 am - 12:30 pm

Business Session

Gary Seibert Steve Cook

11 :30 am - 12:30 pm

Data Base Teaching

Ben Hayasaki

11 :30 pm - 1:00 pm

Un ited States Association of Independent Clubs

Ed Knepper

12:30 pm - 1:00 pm

Rhythmic Demonstration

Dr. Zina Miranov

1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

SportS Medicine

Dr. Irving Dardik

1:00 pm - 2:30 pm

Men's Program

Tom Gardner Susan Cable

1:30 pm - 3:30 pm

Business Session

Gary Seibert Steve Cook

2:00 pm- 3:30 pm


Dave Black

2:30 pm - 4:00 pm

Elite Judging Clinic

Delene Darst

3:00 pm - 4:30 pm

Rhythmic Gymnastics Compulsory Clinic

Maureen Broderick

4:30 pm- 6:00 pm

]. O. Boys Coaches Meeting

Robert Cowan

4:00 pm - 5:30 pm

Lenure/Demonstration - W

Greg Marsden Megan Marsden

4:00 pm- 5:30 pm

Promotio ns

John Traetta

5:00 pm - 6:00 pm

National Association of Women's Gymnastics Judges Membership Meeting

Joanne Aschenbrenner




6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

john Brinkworth

High School Coaches Association ational Women 's Program

6:30 pm - 8:00 pm

Linda Chencinski

Committee (WPC) General Assembly 6:30 pm - 8:00 pm

jake jacobso n

National Association Collegiate Gymnastics Coaches (NACGC) - W

6:30 pm - 10:00 pm


8:30 pm - 10:00 pm


8:30 pm - 10:00 pm

Elite Coaches Association

Fred TurofT

Regional Meeting Jim Gault

Saturday 9:00 am - 10:00 am


jake jacobson

9:00 am - 10:00 am

Rhythmic Demonstrat ion

Wendy Hilliard

9:00 am - 10:30 am


jerry George

9:00 am - 1:00 pm

10:00 am - 11:00 am

Introduction to the Proposed

joint Cenification

1985 junior O lympic Compulsori es


NGjA General Membership Meeting

Les Sasvary

Rhythmic Gymnast ics

Norma Zabka

judging Update

Andrea Schmid

10:30 am - 12:00 pm

Pre-School Gymnastics

Gary Anderson

11:00 am - 12:30 pm

Elite judging Cl inic - W

Delene Darst

11 :00 am - 12:30 pm


jerry Lee

10:30 am - 12:00 pm

O. Boys Gymnasti cs

Coaches Association 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

Sports Medicine

Dr. james Aronen Carmen Cellon

1:30 pm - 2:00 pm

Promoti onal Program - AMF

Larry Fie

2:00 pm - 3:30 pm

Lecture/Dem onstration

Kathy Johnson

2:00 pm - 3:30 pm

Men's Program

jim Howard Mas Watanabe

4:00 pm - 5:00 pm

Men's j udging Symposium

Bill Roetzheim

4:00 pm - 5:30 pm

Lecture/Demonstratio n

Bart Conner

4:00 pm - 6:00 pm

Women's judging Session

Cheryl Grace

7:00 pm - 8:00 pm


8:00 pm - 10:30 pm


Sunday Var ina French

Joint Certificat ion

8:30 am - 9:30 am

Committee Meeting 9:30 am - II :30 am

Joint Certification

I ntroduaion to Proposed 1985 j unior O lympic Compulsor ies

' Room assignments for meetings to be announced.



~~NASTICSFEDERATION! t!?~ October 6-9 . .



~ ""~~"""\ff


Call the USGF Travel Desk, 1-800-243-3 180, now and m ake your r eservat ions for Congress.




Crystal City Hyatt Regency â&#x20AC;˘ Arlington, Virginia Join the "Spirit of '84" USGF GYMNASTICS MAY/JUNE 1981





C D.


Qualification to the Championships of the USA is througb the USGF Elite Regional-Zone m eets, andtbeUSGFAmelican Classic or US Classic (first and second elite national qualifjting meets). Based on the A ff Around Results from tbe 1983 Cbampionships of the USA (co mbined compulsOl), and optional totals), tbe top twen~)! (20) Senior gymnasts will qualify to the World Championsbips Team Tlials. Tbe World Championships Team Tlials wiff take place on September 8-/0 in Eugene, Oregon. Petitions to enter the Trials will be accepted with regard to injl/l)', illness, or representing the USA in an international competition dUling the same time p eriod as Championships of the USA.




tbe raw score as weff as the total score in orderfor her to be ranked among the top eight (8). B. Based on the combined total Aff Around scores from Championships of the USA and the Trials (as stipulated above), eight (8) gymnasts in rank order will be invited to pwtidpate in the World Championships. C Gymnasts 1-4 will be assured a stwtingposition in the World Championsbips. Gy mnasts 5-8 w ill be among the competitors in the International Dual meet immediately p,ior to the World Championships. This competition wiff help determine tbe 5th and 6th stw1ing positions and also help determine tbe rank of the alternates. Final determination wiff be made by the National Coach, Assistant Na tional Coach and a representative from tbe USGF Women's International Program Committee. Based on the Minutes from thejanuaJ)' 20, 198() Women's International Program Committee meeting, the Executive Committee of the USGF has given the W1PC the authOliry if deemed necessm)' to .change members of the team for just cause. D. The International Dual competition will take place in the Federal Republic of GeI711any on October 15-16, 1983.



Competition a t tbe Trials will be AA O()!mpic compulsOl:Y exercises on Septemher 8th, and AA optional exercises on September 9th. Final scores from the Tlials competition will be detel7ninedfrom the combined totalscore of the eight (8) exercises.


The Aff Around scores from Championships of the USA will count 40% and tbe Aff Around scores from the Tlials will count 60% in determining an individual's overaff final ranking, with the exception of p etitioned gymnasts. Petitioned gymnast's Tlials score wiff count 100% for the World Championships Tlials, however, her score must meet



Team training lviff take place ill the Federal Republic of Gelmany from October 10-14. The XXII World Championships will takeplace from October 23-3(), 1983 in Budapest, Hungw)'.

Be a Part of the Road to LA. Here is the chance for you, your club or city to become a pan of the Olympic movement. Rhythmic gymnastiCS, a beautiful, gracefu l ballet-like spon wi ll be introduced at the 1984 Olympics and we need hosts for the following meets:

1984 USGF Rhythmic Gymnastics National Championships presently set for April 19-21 .... .

... 1011 :' _ _ _ _ _ _ 11.t. :, _ _ _ _ _ lit. , _ _ __


UdIr. .. 0' : !!s...!!..!.!..

. , Co.petlt l or.


( ch.u IboN ~lalU. l


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b) 'J4ctltor .. nlne

And the 1984 USGF Rhythmic Gymnastics OlymPic Trials which is set for June 15-17.

Bid forms, like the samples Sh O"'~l below, are available through the USGF office. Write to the USGF, Merchants Plaza Suite 1144E, 101 West Washington St., Indianapolis, IN 46204 or ca ll (317) 638-8743 for your bid. Bids are to be sub mined to Becky Riti. Deadline for submining bids is September 10, 1983. Decision for site selection \,~ ll be anno unced at the USGF Congress in October in Washington D.C.


• • • •

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WEGO BEYOND THE RESULTS. ALUSGF~Gymnastics magazine, we go ~_ _ beyond the results. We offer our readers in depth feature articles on current major events, along with regular feature articles like Sports Medidne, Basics, National and International. We feature colorful, dynamic photography of events from around the world. The USGF, as the national governing body of gymnastics, is able to offer you the most extensive coverage of your sport. Subscribe today and start receiving the magazine that goes beyond the results.


Enclosed is my check or money order of $12.00 for 6 issues.

Name _________________________ Address ______________________

City ________________________ State _______________

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Schedule of Events (Dates subject to change) Revised july 21,1983 September 8-10 World Championships Team Trials (W/ M) Eugene, OR September 16-25 RSG--2nd Intemational TQlUllament in Japan Tokyo, Japan October 6-9 USGF Congress Washington, DC

October 23-30 World Championships Budapest, Hungary

November 19 South African Cup (M/W) Victoria, South Africa

March 23-24 Class I State Championsh ips TBA-Various Sites

October 24 -Nov. 5 RSG- World Championsh ip Team Training Camp Colorado Springs, CO

December 3-8 Chunichi Cup Nagoya, Tokyo, Japan

April 5-6 NCAA Women 's Championships Los Angeles, CA

November 2-3 V Intenlational TOLUnament in Catane (W) Catane, Scicily November 2-10 FIG Congress Strasbourg, France

October 8 World Spons Festiva l (W/ M/ R) Tokyo, Japan October 14-15 PreWold 01a!llpionship Dual MeetMen France October 15-16 PreWorid Olampionship Dual MeetWomen Federal Republic of Gemlany

November 3-7 Intemationa l DTB Pokal (M) Stungan, FRG November 10-13 RSG-XI World Championships Strasbourg, France November 11 -12 South African Intemational (M/W) Durban, South Africa

December 13-18 April 6·7 lEGF Single Elinlination TOLUn Class I Regional Champio nships TBA- Various Sites Reno, NY FebnJary 17-18 1st Elite Zone Meet TBA-Various Sites

April 12 -14 NCAA Men's Championsh ips Los Angeles, CA

March 2-3 April 13·14 1984 U.S. Classic 1984 USGF American Classic TBA (W) TBA March 16-17 2nd Elite Zone Meet TBA- Various Sites March 17- 18 McDonald's Anlerican Cup TBA-Yario us Sites March 20 • International Mixed Pairs

April 13-15 USGF Rhythmic Gymnastics National Championships TBA TBA 1984 USGF U.S. Classic (W) TBA

USGF GYMNASI1CS MAGAZINE DEPARfMENfS In order to continue in providing O Uf readers with the most diverse and comprehensive information con-

cerning (he gymnastics comm uni ry, we have expanded the magazine's coverage to include 20 different Departments. These various Departments w ill be a continuing series. however, each Departm ent m ay not appear in every issue. Your con tributions to the following menu of (opical areas will complimen t o ur o riginal solicited

articles, and will help benctit all those involved in the sport. The following are b rief descrip tions of each department. \Ve look forward to your comributions. Please address such correspondence to:

Editors USGF GYMNASTICS Magazine

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welcome and encouraged, and may address any topic.

Articles, editorials, opinions or pho tograp hy from the magazine; national and international competi tions;

los Angeles OIyn'1pk Set · Series I ( 38 Pins) framed


'84 los Angeles Olympic Set · Series II (38 Pins) f ramed


grams and service, etc.

'80 M oscow Olympic Set


USGF MEMBER ASSOCIATIONS: This department will publish historical, timely and competition

( 18


Contribu tors sho uld incl ude with their doublespaced typewritten manuscripts a brief personal biography and a head-sho t photograph. Photography and illustrations included should be black and w hite, with an attached description, photo c redit, and a self-addressedstamped envelope for thie r return by mail. LEtTERS TO THE EDITOR: Yo ur comments are


gymnastics history and/or future directions; USGF pro-

'84 Whter Gomes - Sarajevo (16 PIns) fromed



Nome, _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ Sub- Totof. _ _ __ AdcL _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ Shipplngo

which comprise the USGF. BASICS: Will attempt to cover the basic elements needed fo r proper overall gymnastics development flexibility , dance, nutrition, strength, e tc. This series encou rages a variety of viewpoints and "basics" defi· nitions.

GUEST OPINION: Readers arc encouraged to submit constructive commentaries or cri ti cisms to the

City, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ColRes.6% Tax _ __ State,' _ _ _ _ _ _ Zip'' _ __ __ To tal, _ __


QUESTION/ANSWER: Ask a question - an y questio n - and we'll try to find an in-depth answer. Who, w hat, where, when and why abo ut hiStory, co mpe titions, coaching tips, athle tes, coaches, judges, rules, equipment, e tc. . The editors will seek-out an authority to an~"v e r

your questions.

GYMNASTICS PEOPLE, PLACES AND NEWS: Who are the up-and-coming young gymnasts to look for? Who won a special award in your area? What events are going to happen' What took place in yo ur town? Include a black and white pho tograph or illustration with a 300word description for possible publication.

The following Departments are a part of o ur Department " Pool" - Internatio nal, National, Sports Medicine, Interview, Safety, Olympic Up -Date, BUSiness, Promotion a nd Public Relatio ns , Book Re views, Teaching and Training, the Gym, Commentary and Editorial.


articl es encompassing rh e 18 m ember associa ti ons


'80 Wnter Gomes · lake Plocid (16 Pins) framed

as a forum for members of the read ership to "speak their piece." MEDIA REPRINTS: Moreso than ever before, major and local newspapers and many magazines are covering gymnastics and gymnasts. Those articles you enjoy, whether relating to a tot or Olympian, competition, pe rsonality o r special feature, send copies for consideratio n to be repri nted in the magazine. Include the name and address of the publication and the date the article appeared.


Editors of this magazine for possible publication. Manuscripts sho uld be approximately 1050 words in length and should be o riented toward identify ing solutio ns to problem areas. This Department is designed

Wanted : Experienced coach for gi rls Class I "B" teamalso responsible for teaching pre-school and all levels of classes. This is an excellent opportu nity to develop a young team of gymnas ts with competitive potential. Atlanta offets many advantages-this is a key position wi th a natio nally recognized gymnastics school. Salaty negotiable--Send resume. Bunny Cook, Director The Atlanta School of Gymnastics 334 5 Montreal Station T ucker, GA 30084 Phone: 404-938- 12 12


Being An Amateur Athlete* Now Has Its Privileges. It's been a long time coming

A mateur T. A. Ames

In "Business", privileges are most often reserved for a select few at or near the top . Amateur sports is no different. For years, our amateur athletes have had to pay all their own expenses . Only a few were ever recognized by sponsors for their talent, dedication and drive . The corporations you see here, in cooperation with the USAmateur Athletic Travel Card, wish to help sponsor you directly through the privileged discounts available only to Card holders and their families. If you want to join the thousands of athletes already enjoying the privileges of the Card, here's a perfect opportunity to apply.





Athletic Travel








American Airlines


How To Use Your Card

Hertz Rent A Car

There is no need to change the way you make your travel plans. All you or your travel agent need do is call the special toll- free 800 numbers on the back of your USAmateur Card for all reservations, ticketing, and your exclusive amateur athletic discounts .

Any weekend, at corporate and participating airport locations, your USAmateur Hertz weekend contract rates will include 6 car classes and range from a low $15.96 per weekend day for a subcompact, to a maximum $21.96 per weekend day for a full-size four door, all with Standard Unlimited Mileage. The US Amateur weekend begins at 12:01 a.m. Thursday (Wednesday midnight). On team vans and station wagons, you will receive an unprecedented 20070 off Standard Unlimited Mileage rates, 7 days per week.

Airlines The first and only Athletic Savings Fares,TM for one way or round trip travel to events in your two different competitive sports. 45070 off (30 day advance purchase) 35070 off (both 7 day and no advance purchase)t These fares, guaranteed 52 weeks a year, are available exclusively to USAmateur Card holders and families with no Super Saver or Group Fare restrictions. This means you could even fly to your event and return horne the same day if you wanted .


. Holiday Inn® Any time you travel, you will receive 25070 off 7 days a week, at an ever-growing list of more than 400 conveniently located hotels in over 200 cities. Cities such as Boston, Chicago, Colorado Springs, Dallas, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, New York, San Francisco, Waikiki Beach and Washington, just to name a few . On a $40.00 room you will save $10.00 per night!

Call 203-866-1984



Athletes, coaches, administrators and officials


~~?~ This Athletic ThtV~~l.~7.::~~~,~~~~~" TOday



First Name


2. Address

Name of Governing Body (b)


National fSlale Associat ion

Plnse allow 4·6 weeks lor processing. For this appllclUon 10 be Iccepted, It mUlt bl complele Ind sent with your memberlhlp 1l1li 10:

Name of Assoc iation (c)



3. B rthdate


co CO CO

CO Area COde & Phone


Day Male


Year Female

,--,---,---,1_-,--I-'----'---'-1_-'1---,----,----,--,I D



(a )


Full ·T ime (b)



Fu ll·Time (b)

Amateur Ath[ete




0 0





0 0


Pari· Time (c )





Part·T ime (c)


Not Work ing

I plan to trave l in these sports: EXP. DATE

"Pr;;::im:::ary:C;C'"'om:::p::";eti""tiv::C [ - -e "'Sp:::or;-


Tra iner Oll ieial

o o o o 11111 Money Order

8. Employment Status

9. - --

5. I am a:

0 0

Low Annual Membership Fee Enclosed

7. Student Status



275 East Avenue, Norwalk, CT 08855

Name of Club or Team if Applicable

1 1



I am Unattached

10. "'S'--e-cond7'"ary-=C-om-p-c eli"'liv- e-=S-po-Crt""'(d"'j[7'"'e-re-C nt7[r-om-pr7'"im-ary-sp-or""t)

Master Ca rd



Check (Make Payable [0 USAATU) Visa

com Month

Yea r

Signature 01 Credit Card Holde r X _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __


• I I I I I I

••• • • I


USGF Gymnastics - May/June 1983  
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