Page 1

August-September / 1974/ $1.00


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nllb~ TABLE OF CONTENTS Volume XVI/Number 8-9/ Aug.-Sept. 1974 5. 6. 7. 10. 12.

27. 32. 38. 39. 40.

41. 42. 44. 45. 46. 49. 50. 54.

56. 58.

60. 62.

FROM THE PUBLISHER, Glenn Sundb y VIEWPOINTS, Dick Criley WHAT'S HAPPENING WORLD ACROBATIC CHAMPIONSHIPS, Moscow '74 HIGH SCHOOL REPORT 1974 12. Region 1 13. Region 2 16. Region 3 17. Region 4 19. Region 5 21. Region 7 23. Region 8 EXPO '74: USSR - USA Gymnastics, Minot Simons, II CENTERFOLD: Olga Korbut, Photo by Don Wilkinson NEWS 'N NOTES, Ren ee P. He nd e rshott SICKLE FOOT... Ulcer Maker For The Dancing Judge, Ren ee P. Hendershott RECOGNIZING SUPERIOR DIFFICULTY ON UNEVEN BARS, . Renee P. Hendershott INSTRUCTION, Bill Roetz heim THE BASICS BEHIND THE BASICS, Dan Millman GYMNASTICS - COMPETITION OR ART FORM, Steve Hug OF SPORT AND MEANING, Bob Mitchell, Ph .D. RESEARCH: Diet and Gymnastics, Dr. H.J. Biesterfeldt, Jr. NJCAA CHAMPIONSHIPS REVISITED SEQUENCES BY SCHULZ, Dieter Schul z GYMNAST ME,MORABILlA: Friendship First: Competition Second, Tom Wak e ling DENVER CLUB EUROPEAN TOUR, Rod Hill 8th ANNUAL SUMMER INSTITUTE OF WOMEN'S GYMNASTICS, Gail Chmielenski LETTERS CALENDAR

Cover: Nikolai Andrianov, USSR, Ol ympic gold m e d a li st, performi n g a t Expo-'74. ·

Publisher : Glenn Sundby Associate Editors: Di c k Cr il ey Re nee Hend ers hott Research Editor: H.J. Bi esterfe ld t, Je. Education Editor: A.B. Frede rick Junior Gymnast Editor: Joe Sweeney Modern Rhythmic Gvmnastics Editor: Ann e li s Stra ng e Hayman Instructional Editors: AA: Bill Ball es te r, FX : Pa ul Zie rt , PH: James Hesso n , R: Ed Isa b e ll e , lH: Jim Turpin , PB: Bill Roe tz h e imm HB : Bill Ho lm es. layout and Design: Te ri Jo hnson GYMNAS-I m d~.lL in l' iio publl shl' d b)' ~lIndb )' publi(dlion ~ • .f1O Hr o.ul w.lY. S,m l.l Muni( .I, Cl. ')040 1. St.'(o net C l.lSio P u S ld g~' l).Iid ,II ~.lIl td Moni(.I, CI, Publi iolll'd monlhl )' l'u!.' pl bi-monthl y lillll', lill y, A u gml ,m d ~H'pll· lllb l·r . Prin ' 51 1.00 d loingll' ( OP )" S ub ~ uiption ("O H l ' !o p o ndl.'fl Cl'. GYMNAS T - P.O. Hm: 110, Sdnt.1 MOI1 ;(.I, c.1. 'J040b. Copyrig ht l'}i .J ' dlr rig hh fl'w ( n'd b y SUN U Y PUBLI CA li ONS , -110 8ro •.uI\\,<l Y, !>d nl ,1 Mun ic.I, Co.. AII.Ph o lm .J.nd nldnu 'l ripl ~ \ ubmi Ul,d hl'(O rlll' Ihl' prupt'fl y 0 1 GVM NA~ 1 lInlt.'\s rdurn fl'qlH.'~ 1 ,Ind \ uliiliL' nl pU ~ I .lgl' . U l' in l lud l'd.


WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: Varna? Munich? Varna??? .. At last report the World Games Gymnastic Championships Will be held in Varna, Bulgaria - October 20th - 27th, 1974. We had hoped that all the political pushing around as to who can or can't enter would have been settled at the last FIG meeting on July 20th in Montreux, Switzerland. This was not the case and at this time South Africa and possibly Israel will not be admitted to the Championships in Varna. Although the issue of barring FIG members from the competition has not been settled it has been decided to go ahead with the competition as origionally planned in Varna, Bulgaria. Unfortunately there seems to be separate blocks of east and west forming as the Eastern block of socialist states recently held international competition of Junior Gymnasts in North Korea exclusively for the socialist members of the FIG. We would not like to see a two world FIG going separate ways ... but we also do not like the idea of the FIG Constitution being bent out of shape to please the political views of a few of its members. For information on this subject see "Politics .. . Takes Control of the FIG " an Editorial by USGF Executive Director, Frank Bare, in the current edition of the USGF NEWS •




MEANWHILE, back in the USA the World Games Team Trialsarescheduled for September 27th & 28th with the womens competition in Anaheim, California and the mens finals to be held in Austin, Texas. According to a recent letter received from Olympisch Turnkunsl editor, Dr. Joseph Gohler in Germany.,.. " The USA girls can win the 3rd place at Varna, but the CSSR team is better than in 1972, Hungary as good as 1972 in spite of the loss of Bekesi (offset by our loss of Cathy). The USA men must increase their compulsory scores if they hope to win 6th place. As it now stands for the men Japan should be 1st, USSR 2nd, DDR 3rd, with West Germany, Poland, Hungary, USA and North Korea vieing for the 4th to 8th places, Switzerland, CSSR, Romania (9th - 11th), Italy, France, Cuba, Bulgaria (12th - 15th) and Yugoslavia 16th. But maybe the results of September competitions will bring changes to this analysis " ... Anyhow we look forward to the USA trials and the competitions in Varna with all the excitement, upsets, tears and victory that go into any world sporting competition, especially GYMNASTICS.




WORLD GAMES TOUR: Because of the continued changing of the competition site for the World Championships we are not sure of the status of USGF World Games Tour. But at last report it was still on ... just trying to finalize the Charter flight and Hotel accomodations. We hope many of our Club coaches, Gymnasts and Officials plan to join the USGF Tour to the World Games, both for the excitement of this World Gymnastic event and the chance to back up our team with your presents and moral support. For more information contact the USGF office, P.O. Box 4699, Tucson Arizona 85717 (phone: 602/ 622-3865).




NEXT EDITION: Summer Gymnastic Camp repo rt s from across the nation along with photo happenings from th e many beach competitions . Plus a personality sketch and ph o tos of the top co n tenders for our World Games womens te am ... and more sequence photos, instru ction , new etc ... " Have a Happy Hand stand " .

~'II"lI.'" • ~ __ 1••• •111t S** """"",,,,

run a women's compet ition what with prot es ts, w ill ha ve to be diverted to supplement stud ent fees and alumni co ntributions. Fin ances are judges's co nfere nces, and so on. What, latel y, has been don e in the area of al ready ti ght in many institution s, and some administrators rega rd spo rts as an unnecessary public rea ltions for men 's gymnastics? We 've got some great peopl e competing in evi l or an ex p ensive lu sury. As a result si tu ations will develop where th e colleges now . What w ill happen to th em TITlE IX EQUAL OPPORTUNITY IN m en's non-income intercollegiate spor ts w ill after th ey graduate? Will th ey have the same EDUCATION REGULATIONS be demoted to club status , trav el eliminated , or benefits of a gym to work in and a coach to By Dick Criley in some cases an en tire sport w iped off the guide th em? There are few private clubs for male gymnasts. The demands of earning a li v ing book s. We re cen tly received a p lea from St eve preclude regu lar workouts unless the gymnast Scuderi, a stud ent at the U ni ve rsity of accep ts the second-ra te citizen status of In the April iss ue of the Gymnast, I Massachusetts, for a letter writing campaign to graduate st uden t and is luck y enough to be at mentioned an event that has evo ked get the m en's gymnastics program reinstated an institution where there is an understanding widespread co ncern in th e NCAA. This is a after the 1974 -75 season when it is due to be coach who will let him work out with his varsity team. provi so in a federal law pertaining to phase d down. Financial co nstraints were cited The female gymnast usually does not ed ucation, speci fi ca ll y Title IX of the Edu ca tion here as in a western university which faces an Amendments of 1972. Th e paragraph rea ds, almost ident ical problem . In neither instan ce cont inue her strenuou s competitive program " No person in th e United States shall, on the does it seem likel y that outs id e pressu res w ill be after co ll ege alth ough we may find more of th em doing so. It is easy to point out the re lative basis of sex, be excl uded from participation in , effective. be denied the ben e fits of, or be subjected to Men ' s gymnastics ha s become somewhat yo uth of our top female gymnasts and say that they reac h th eir peak earlier than the male, discrim ination under any ed ucational program more vulnerab le, in m y humble op ini on , as the or activity receiving federal finincial push towards the all-around co ntinu es. After often even before reaching college. This is not assi sta nce ." all, when yo u reach a point where yo u need to argue, howeve r, that co lleg iate gymnastics The Department of Health , Education and on ly 5 or 6 ath letes to represent the school (and should be the prov ince of th e male. It is a note Welfare (DHEW) has prepared a set of you don 't produce income while doing it), it is that college gymnastics is far more of a interpretations which will have the effect of awfu ll y easy to point to the sport as something " fini shing ground " for the male than the requiring colleges and universities to provide elitist , something the needs of few students, female gymnast. I' m not sure where we are headed yet. There more money, more opportunities and greater. and something that would not really be missed . is certain ly no reason to discourage the participation of women in the enti re sports I n short, .why not save a few bucks as yo u only programs. In fact, DHEW ' s hurt a few people by eliminating it. The student women ' s field (meaning both physical education and competit ive athletics). Despite the fact that bod y is not likely to rally in support of interpreataions specifica ll y state that where something they don't understand. Ergo! This ath leti c opportunit ies for students of one sex Congress did not in so many words say that it have been limited, an institution (high school sport is too expensive for the number of intended the proviso to apply to high school, or college w ith private and military institutions collegiate, or intercollegiate athletics, DHEW is participants. One interesting aspect of DHEW's excepted) must make affirmative efforts to applying just this sort of interpretation. inform members of that sex of the availibility of regulations is that an in stitution, "s hall Women ' s in'tercollegiate ath letics are determine at least annua ll y ... in what sports of equa l opportunities and to provide support making great strides on many campuses around and training to enab le them to participate. Yet each sex would desire to compete. " And the country. For instance, UC LA has created a we find that AIAW discourages the practices of further, "shall make affirmative efforts to separate Department of Intercolleg iate provide athletic opportunit ies in such sports recruiting and awa rdin g athletics grants-in-aid. Ath letics for women with a $180,000 budget. and through such teams as will most effectively Then there ' s the other part, "s-upport and Women 's gymnas tics at the collegiate level equa li ze such opportunities for members of training ." Money--that wi ll be forthcoming; stands to benefit greatly as hundreds of girls both sexes, (emphasis mine) taking into qualified coaches --th ere ' s the rub . It is argued now in private clubs move up to co ll ege that without proper top-l evel coaching, consideration the determination (cited competit ion. above). " What makes the aspect of student women ' s programs will never reach parity with But there are growing pains too. I n the past, the man 's. ' determination so interestin g is the general DGWS pretty much dominated the co ll ege It 's a chicken and eggs proposition. With guideline that it imposes on an athletic sports scene for women . Now, we have AIAW better training facil iti es and publicity, an department in deciding what sports to field (Association for I ntercoll egiate Athletics for improved women's program cou ld ju stify from year to year. just think of the situations Women ). An increased need for cooperation in which could develop ... And th e question that added funds for coaching. But where are all of the alphabet soup of women 's gymnastics will the provision doesn't answer is, " ju st how does these great coaches to come from? emerge--ranging from producing more and this end sex discrimination? " judges to scheduling non-conflicting Men 's gymnastics has gotten away from the In wr itin g a column like this, I sometimes get championsh ip events. If the NCAA pattern half-time show at a home basketball game. PE at wound up in too many id eas'to genera te a good emerges (attempts by college coaches to man y colleges is no longer required and there wrap-up paragrap h with conclusions. I can dominate from judges to site select ions for is less opportunity for the average j oe (Jo?) applaud the steps taken to promote women's trials and championships to choosing Co ll ege to brush up against the sport. Everyone athlet ics and hope that womens's ath let ics and international teams and their managers) , the understands a sport where a ba ll passes through hope th at women 's gymnastics w ill ben~fit. I AIAW and USGFWC will have some difficult a hoop or 2 posts for a score. Gymnastics can look to a gloomy side where men 's sess ions. Let us hope, however, that the has become too complex-- " Oh, that's nice," is gymnastics may step back or mark time. I can cooperation which brought the USGFWC about the average level of conversation at point to the increasing numbers of high school together in the first place will work out a many meets--the public is smart but perhaps a reports concerning gi rls ' state gym nastics soluti on. bit la zy when it comes to trying to understand 6 championships and predict the not-too-distant On the other side of the gym, however, Title different events, A-B-C-, ROV, 10.0, or whattime when many colleges will have the student IX will have a drastic impact. Where schools do have-you. Public support is being lost. interest to field a women 's gymnast ics team , if not now field women 's competitive sports Now add to this the glamor of women's they can find coaches willing to accept the cut programs in an equal manner, DHEW gymnastics, aided by the great 1972 Olympic in pay that th ey wou ld take to leave their regulations will require an "a ffirmative action telecasts which gave about twice as much air . private clubs. I can point to areas needing PR program " to finance and expand women's time to the women gymnasts as the men. work in man ' s gymnastics. sports. It does not matter to DHEW where the Recent tours have also tended to play up the Al l of our gymnastics organizations, coaches, money comes from to do this. The published women's side. In some areas, " gymnastics" and judges, have a stake in how the new regu lations of DHEW assume voluntary now means women's gymnastics. And let our deve lopments occur. So where do we go from comp li ance 30 days after Presidential approval male readers note that the women have here? in matters of equal facilities, equipment, worked to get th ere. There are still some who (Note: Anyone wishing a copy of the DHEW scho larship opportunities, coaches' salaries, interpretations and reg ulations should write are unhappy about the . big pla y that Cathy etc. However, equal dollar expenditures on Rigby and, later, Olga Korbut received, but the office of the Secretary for Health, m en 's and women 's sports is not required. look what this ex posur e did for wo men 's Educat ion, and Welfare, Washington, D. C ., Revenue from sports such as football and gymnastics. About the only dark spot in the 20201. Public reaction is so li cited until October basketball which prese ntly underwrites large whole picture is th e length of time it takes to 15, 1974.) portions of men 's non-income sport pro gra ms



GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

Th e buildin g, a 60 by 90-foot stru cture, w ill be loca ted at th e co rn er of Sheer an d Fl owe r. Th e new buildin g was co nce ived and is bein g fin anced by th e Ch ips Gymnasti c tea m parents' club. The buildin g it se lf, w ill cos t $92,000 but the tota l cost, equipm ent includ ed , w ill b e $115,000. Club members are pay in g fo r all costs. Th e buildin g is b ein g built to hand le po ss ibl e expa nsion in the fu t ure. There are cur rentl y 100 club memb ers and m embership w ill be limited to 180 student s. H owever, th at ma y be expa nded to 300 in the fut ure if th e buildin g is expanded. It wi ll includ e co nt ro lled electric h ea t, air co nditionin g, an observation lo unge, sh ower room s and th e latest in gy mn asti c eq uipm ent.

NHSGCA New Na tion al Hi gh School Gymnastic Coach es Assoc iation Offi ce rs for 1974-75 are from left to right: Mike M ilid o ni s, Ann Arbor, Mi chigan ; D enni s Fit zge rald, Farmin gton , Mi chigan; Rick H ew itt, In dianapo li s, In d ian a.

" I lik e co mpe tition. " exp lains Barbara, w h o ad ds that wor king on a boys ' tea m is harder t han competing o n a girl s' un it. " Because we aren ' t as stron g as boys we have to work harde r. I co mp ete under boys ' rul es and t hat m ea ns I ha ve to perform stren gth of move ment as we ll as ag ilit y fea ts. " A gymnast since she was 6 and for five yea rs a member of a cit y-spo nso red girl s' sq u ad. Ba rbara says she lo ves gym nast ic wor k as much as compet iti on . " Sh e is a goo d al l-aro un d athl ete and she sure adds sparkl e to o ur team, " se ni o r gym nas t Keith Porrazzo says. "S he breaks th e m o noton y of work in g o ut," he grin s. " Barb ara adds a lot to tea m sp irit," ag rees Frank Mart in, a fe ll ow se nior gymna st. " I n co mp etiti o n I do a lot of floo r exerc ises, including the lea p, tumbl e, skip an d th e press to hand stand. " Barba ra says, " It takes a lot of work. " Says Flood: " Barbara has to d isp lay skill wi th strengt h, beca use as a co m peti tor on w hat h as bee n a boys ' team she is jud ged mo re o n the st rength-agilit y fa ctors th an o n gra ce and rh yt hm alm ost-dance fac tors that co unt a lot in girl s' gymnast ics. " When the team wo n its cl iff-hanger victo r y for th e CI F titl e fo r Southern Ca liforn ia, th e re was an abrupt pause in t he o rde r of trad iti o n al ce lebration. "We had to wa it for everyon e to be iss u ed a swim suit before we plung ed in fo r the traditional victory dip," Flood re ca ll s. Havin g a girl on th e team isn 't all frosting on th e ca ke, but it does add so me new dimensions . Flood says.

"SCATS" OPEN HOUSE Whe n th e famou s " Scats" of Long Beach , Ca lifo rni a recen tl y moved to a new an d large r Gym in We stmin ster they held an open house w ith d em o nstrat ions and refres hment s fo r all. " Scat " Kyl e Gayner, p ictur ed abo ve on th e beam durin g th e Open House.

GYM TWINS Baldwin sv ill e (N. Y.) Hi gh SChoo l boasts a pair of outstanding se nior gym nas ts in tw in brothers W ay n e and Rick Suddaby.



~f .1.


BLACK HAWK GYM CLUB Th e Wate rl oo YMLA Gymna sti cs Chips cl ub has changed it s name to Black H awk Gymnastic Clu b, Inc. and is plann in g to co nstru ct a new buildin g to be use d so lely for gy mnast ics.

GYMNAST Aug./Se pt. '74

COED ADDS DIMENSION TO ROYS TEAM At 16, d impl ed Barbara Bagby flipped and lea ped into th e reco rd books as th e f ir st girl on a champ io nship Ca li fo rni a Interschol as ti c Federation (C IF) tea m. Barbara 's lith e performance in free exe rcise helped the Lakewood Hi gh School gymna sti c t ea m take it s sec ond co nsecuti ve C IF w in in th e sport and th e third crown in four yea rs. " We co ul dn 't have wo n w ithout her," says coac h Ri chard Flood. H e points o ut th at th e Lancers squad edged Westm in ster for th e title by a spr ea d of less th an a half-point. Barbara showed a so lid 8.2 sco re in free exe rcise to help th e team tfJ ll y.

Barbara Bagby, gymnastics team






prese ntation s in an attempt to integrate thi s information at t he leve l of app li cat ion in the gym. Due to the extre mely hi gh quality of th e presentations as we ll as the re actions and questions, thi s sa me group is und ertak in g th e organizat ion of an interna tional symposiu m of the sa me nature, to be h eld in conjunction with the pre-Olympic competit ion to be held in Mo ntrea l in the sum mer of 1975 . For th ose peop le interes ted in contrib uti ons to this program, as well as possible so urces of funding fo r thi s important event, p lease co ntact th e sy mposium d irec tor: Dr. Richard Montpetit Departm ent d ' Education Physiqu e University of Montrea l Mont rea l, Qu ebec, CANA DA

SENIOR OLYMPICS - 1974 WOMEN'S EVENTS All Around: 25-29 Vicki Rh ea. MEN'S EVENTS All Around: 25-29 Fred Rob les; 30-34 Robert Boudreaux; 35-39 Art Shurlock; 40-44 Dave Douglas. Rope: 30-34 Jack Wi lliams; 40-44 Bob Hicks; 45-49 Joh n Grimson. Trampoline: 25-29 Dea n Schwartz. Free Exercise: 25 -29 Fred Robles; 30 -34 Robert Boudreaux; 35-39 Art Shurlock; 40-44 Dave Douglas. Side Horse: 30-34; Robert Boud reaux ; 35-39 Art Shurlock. Rings: 30-34 Jon Harriso n; 35-39 Art Shurlock; 40-44 Bob Hicks ; 45-49 John Grimson. Vaulting: 25-29 Fred Robl es; 30-34 Robert Boudreaux; 35-39 Art Shurlock. Parallel Bars: 25-29' Jon Hyde; 3034 R. Boud eaux; 35-39 Art Shu rl ock; 40-44 Dave Dou glas; 45-49 John Grimson. High Bar: 25-29 Fred Robles; 30-34 R. Boudeaux ; 35-39 Martin Carranza; 40-44 Dave Douglas. 1st CANADIAN SYMPOSIUM FOR ADVANCED STUDY OF GYMNASTICS

Dr. Martin Carranza, 35-39 high bar winner.

Out of state contestants: Bob Hicks from Tampa, Florida Robert Boudreaux from Eden, North Carolina.

Dr. Richard Montpetit Deptment d' Education Physique University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, CANADA Th e first Ca nad ian Symposium fo r th e Adva nced Study of Gymnastics was held at Lava l U ni vers it y in Quebec Ci ty immed iately foll owi n g th e Canadian Nationa l Championships, Jul y 2-4, 1974. This symposi um , wa s o rga ni ze d by the ph ys ica l ed ucat ion department under t he direction of Dr. John Salmela, an d was believed to be a first of its kind in th e world. Canada ' s researchers w ho have directed their stud y towards the spo rt of gymnastics we r e assemb l ed in a multidi sciplinary prog ram in t he attempt to establ ish, in one stroke, th e col lected scient ifi c knowl edge th at unde rli es the performance of this sport. Included among the 18 program items were pres entat io ns o n th e physiology of work, muscular st rength and li mb flexibility by Drs. Montpetit, Sal e and Bates, r espectively. Th e underl Yin g biomechanical problems we re exposed by Drs. Lascari, Valli ere as we ll as Dr. G erald George of the United States. Psycho log ica l approaches to the ana lysis of com p etiti o n o n children, o n psycho-motor probl ems of high level performance as we ll as rel atin g to the task of judging we re also covered by Drs. Orlick, Salmela and W il son , respective ly. I n all, ove r 100,00 words of written and spoke n co mmunication have bee n co ll ected for publication as a sc ientific t extbook fo r th e adva nced st ud y of the sport. To ensure tnat t hi s IIlTo rmatio n d id not remain onl y at th e theoretical leve l, a gro up of elite coac hes were in v ited to react to these 8

John Crimson, 45-49 Age Croup Competitors from the 1974 Senior Olympics

GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74


Pic lured allefl (from lop 10 bottom) are: Rope climb winners Bob Hicks, Dick Lee, and Dave Douglas; Ro berl Bourdreaux, 30-34 AA winne r, a nd Vickie Rh ea, women's AA winner.

GOOD LUCK GRETCHEN Lo ng Beac h State U ni ve rsit y wo m en 's gy mn asti cs coac h, Gretch en S. Dowsing, is now coac hing at Co rn ell Uni versit y in It haca, N ew Yo rk . Durin g h er 3 Y2 yea rs at Lo ng Beach, M s. D ow sin gs' s tea m s have b ee n und efea ted in du al m ee ts, wo n two Reg ion al Ch am p io nships, and p laced 6th in th e 1974 Na ti o nals. JUNIOR GYMNASTS Sp o rto v ni-M o d e rni G YMNAS TIKA th e m o nthl y nati o nal gymn as ti c m agaz in e o f Czech os lova k ia (we rece ive reg ul ary on a publi shers exchan ge) co ntinu e to empha size th ei r youth pr og ram w it h ph o tos and in str uction . W e es p ec iall y enj oye d th ese fin e form photos o f th eir youn g - gymnas ts pi ctured in a rece nt edition . -




looking for

Gymnastics & Academics? Walnut Hill School of Natick, Mass. is introducing a gymnastics program taught by the staff of Woodland Gymnastics . Opportunities unmatched in other schools; solid college prepurato ry program, a strong arts program including expert ballet and modern dance training, combined with gym nastics. Students who want quality instruction, academically or gymna stically, write for brochure .

George Wheeler, Co路 Director, Woodland Gymnastics High School ' Coach of four college Instructors: All-Americans Will St. Cyr, Ken Henderson, Floor Co-Director, Woodland Gymnastics Exercise and Vaulting Champion Former N .E.A .A .U. Former Nationally Tumbling Champion Ranked Gymnast. Former Coach, Experienced, Wellesley H .S. Successful Instructor. Gymnastics Team Headmaster: Earle C. Batchelder, B.A. McGill, M .Ed . Harvard


65 Highl a nd St., Nati c k, Mass. 01 760


World Acrobatic Championships Moscow 1974

1ST WORLD ACROBATIC CHAMPIONSHIPS The first World Amature Acrobati cC ham pion ships were held in Moscow, USSR - June 12th thru 15th, 1974 under the au spices of th e International Federation of Sports Acrobatics(IFSA). Although there have been Sports Acrobat ic Competit ion in eas tern Europe for some time (espec iall y USSR) thi s was the first World co mp et ition following the formation of the IFSA. Yuri Titov (World Games All-Around Champion in 1962), FIG Vice President and hea d of the USSR gymnast ic delegation is also the head delegate of the USSR Sports A crobatics Federation. George Nissen is the acting USA delegate, John Atkinson (national gymnastics coac h) from Grea t Britain along with delegates from Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, DDR, BRD, Cuba and Yugosla via were the executive autho riti es for this first World Championship competition. GYMNAST maga zine was invited to cover this first World Acrobatic Championsh ip competition but cou ld not mak e it because of a previous hospita l commitment. However our good friend George Nissen sent us th ese photos and comments. If our readers enjoy this specia l feature we will fo ll ow up with photo reports in the future as we personally find competit ive acrobatics w ith all of it s var ied components (tumbling for m en and women, Handbalancing-m en, women , mi xed pairs, womcns trio, mens quartet) an interest in g and stimu lating sport.

Following are a few comm ent s o n th e tumb li ng aspect s of the competit ion by George Ni ssen along w ith balancing pho to s taken at th is champion ship. " I be li eve o ur U.S.A. people are es peciall y interested in the tumbling (which Rus sia and the Eastern count ri es call Acrobatic Jumps). We are ca lling the eve nt " Platf orm Tumb li ng" because it is actu all y performed on a platform about 6 inch es above the f loor and has some " give" in it., We also have tumblin g as an event in the F. I.T. (Internationa l Trampo li ne Federation ). The F.I.T. now has fo ur separate eve nt s. Th at is, trampoline , tumbling , synchrotrampoline , and m ini -tramp compe tit io n - for m en and the same four for women " " These sport s are go in g through quite a few changes becau se th ey are growing so fast, b ut for now I t h ink a good anal ogy is to co mpar e the re lationsh ip of tumblin g and platform tumbling wi th th e relatio nship of free-style wrestling and Greek-Roman wrest lin g. They are two different eve nt s e ntirely, with sepa rat e rules and regul ati o ns, winners, etc., but, of co urse; th ey are ve ry sim il ar eve nt s in v iew of outside rs." " Vass ily Skakun is probably the m os t famous of t he Russian platform tumblers . H e won two

events in th e W o rl d Champ ion ships ther e in M osc ow, but Youri Zikunov, a new young fellow from th e M in sk area , actu all y b eat him in th e " all aro un d" co mp etiti o n, wh ich was quite an up set in th e eyes of th e Ru ss ians w ho are in the know. Skak un (wh i c h mean s " gra ss hopper ", I 'm told) is almo st a legenda ry name over there and for an yo ne to beat him is almost unbe li evab le. " " John Atki nso n w ho is also natio nal coach for Great Britain in gymnastics, h ad two exce ll ent tumblers' at th e Acroba ti c Champio nship s, Jeff Davis and Mo rga n Smith , who did very we ll co nside rin g eve rything was new to th em on the " Pl atfo rm Tumb lin g" ." " Eddie Goodma n, a 14 yea r-old from Toledo made a cred itab le show ing getting in to the top six. H e did a " full in back out " (w hi ch amoun ts to a back doub le w ith fu ll twist) flifus for th e first time. H e lea rn ed it in the workouts by watc hing the others the same day as th e co mpet iti on ." " Also, D eni se Temmey from Buffa lo, New York, ended up w ith a sil ver meda l in girls tumbling . Thi s was not for all-around , bu t for one phase of the indi vid ual compet ition involving straight tumbling. "

At far left is the Hungarian men's team, to the right is women's group exercise division. Below left, USSR winners in mixed pairs division. Below right women's group exercise. Far right, top, USA and Great Britain officials George Nissen and John Atkinson. Below, U ~S R men, winne rs in me n' s group competition.


ttleitt SCttOOL itEPOitT ................................................................... .


Region 1 1974 MASSACHUSETTS HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS March 9, 1974 Burlington H.S. One hundred thirty-five girls from 47 high 路schools had qualified through sco res earned during their competit ion season for the state championships, held o ne co ld March day in Burlington, Massachusetts. Michelle Lemieu x, a senior from Minnechaug, won the all-around title with a 31.70 total which included an impressive 9. 15 performance in vau ltin g. She also took 3rd on the un evens and in fl oo r exercise. The coaches voted her the o utstand in g gym nast awa rd based on her ove rall excellence in gymnastics and sportsmanship . Lind a Roberts, president of th e Massachusetts Gymnastics Association, present ed :he awards, noting, "Eve ry year it ge ts bigger, even though we raise the q ualifying score. Traditionally Mass. has produced some terrific gymnasts and now we ca n 't seem to keep up with the growth. Some of th e best gym nasts in the sta te perform ed here today." Th e 140D-seat gym was filled to capac it y.



RESULTS AA: Mic helle Lemi eux (Mi nn echaug) 31.70; Chery l Morrier (Hampshire Regional) 31.65; Marg ie McGraw (Newton North) 30 .65 ; Joan Sullivan (B raintree ) 30.60; Debbie Sherman (Tanta sq ua ) 30.00. FX: McG raw 8.70; S. Clemons (Notre Dame) 8.55; Lem ieu x 8.,5. DB: J. Mye rs (Newton North) 8.30; D. Sherman 8.15; E. Hech man (Framingham) 8.05; UPD: McGraw 8.00; Morrier 7.75; Lem ieux 7.65; V: Lemi eux 9. 15; L. Baker (Peabody) 8.45; A. Han ley (Bra intree) 8.35.

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MASSACHUSETTS HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS February 23, 1974 Brockton H.S. Report by Thomas Fontecchio, Sec. - Treas. MHSGCA Meet Director: Tom Steaves The 1974 Massachusetts High School Individual Gymnasti cs Champio nships were held Feb. 23. The m ee t was ho sted by Chuck Sch ieb ler at Brock eton Hi gh Schoo l and directed b y Tom Steeves, President of the Coaches Assoc iation. The meet was excep tion all y we ll organ ized with 150 boys entered, many in more than o ne event. There we re 18 A ll -Aro und gymnast s who qua li fied for the m eet. The preliminari es started at 1 P.M. and were over at 4 P.M. Th ere were 3 events taking place at the sa me tim e. Each event had two judges. The top ten gymnasts in each event qual ified for the finals at night. The all-arou n d was d ecided in th e afternoon , There was a close co ntes t fo r fir st place b etween Jim Doh ert y from Holyok e and Scott H owe ll from Marbl ehead. Scott was strong in

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floor exercise, highbar, and va ultin g. Jim was strong in th e other three events. Wh en the afternoon was over Jim Doh erty was the allaro und c hampion by .15 points. Doherty also received the an nu al Coaches Award. Each high school received two votes. The award stands for the senior gymnast who has demo nstrated all aroun d gymnastics ab ilit y and sportsmans hip thr oughout the yea r. Floor exercise was a strong eve nt as five gymnasts did twisting back so mersa ults and three others did twisting dive rolls. Scott Howe ll did a clean, even flowing routine to come out on top. He tumbled ext remely high wit h an eve n amo unt of front and back wo rk. Side horse was a battle w ith Scott Williams from Framingham North holding a .05 point lead over Jim Doherty going into the fina ls. Jim hit hi s routine at night wit h good st retch in hi s doubles and great fo rm for a 7.8. Scott was not to be outdone though, as he hit for a 7.95 and first place. Hi g h bar was close as Scott Howell had the lead over Norm Bratlie of Milton and Mike McKenney of Braintree. No rm we nt up fir st in the finals and repeated hi s score of 7.5. He had a long routin e with some good hand releases and a front somersa ult with a Y2 twist overth e top of th e bar for a dismount. Mike McKenney came up next and shook off some of the sma ll breaks lnd hit hi s do u b le back off to move up to first. Scott worked stra ight body throughout his routine but ca ught hi s feet on hi s flank vau lt and fell int o third place. Vaulting was another close event wit h the top fi ve in th e preliminari es separa ted by on ly .1 of a point. The var iety was from a full -twist in g hand-spring, and g iant hand spr in gs to GYMNAST Aug./Sepl. '74

ya mi shit as. Scott H owe ll wo n both th e pre li mina ri es and th e fina ls w ith goo d h eight on hi s ya mi shita. Parall el Bars was n o co ntest w ith Ju st in Ca in of Lin co ln- Su路db ury o utcla ss in g th e fie ld w ith hi s h e ight o n stut zs. H e sw un g eve ryt hin g up to the h ands tand posi t ion. H e fini sh ed hi s routine w ith a front somersa ult w ith a '12 twist. On ring s Ju stin Cain had th e lead b y .05 over Jim Doh erty but lost it in the final s. Ji m looked smooth on hi s c hut es and his fu ll twi st dismount. Cain mi ssed hi s dismo unt in th e f in als but managed to han g on to seco nd pl ace . Four out of th e top five plac es on rings wen t to Lin co ln-Sudbury w hi c h is a tr ibute to their coach. In all , th e m ee t was a good expe ri e nce for all those in vo lve d. It was ru n smooth w ith t h e allaround men taking most of th e top spot s. It was nice to see the all -aro u nd becom ing a strong eve nt in Massachusetts.



RESULTS FX : Scott Howe ll (Marb leh ead) 17.2; Richard El lis (Braintree) 16.5; Keith Sc hroeder (We ll es ley) 16.25. PH : Scott Wil liams ( ~ra m . Sout h) 15.5; Jim Doherty (Hol yo ke) 15.3; Peter Finan (Lin co ln- Sudbury) 13.55. HB: M ike McK inn ey (Bra intree) 15.15 ; No rm Brat li e' (M il ton) 15.0; Scott Howell 14.6. V: Scott Howell 17.15; Keith Schroeder 16.95 ; Jeff Ba rl ow (B raintree) 16.85. PB: Justin Ca in (Lin co ln-Sudbury) 15.35; Bi ll Dolph in (B raintree) 13.7; Keith Sc hroede r 13.45. R: Ji m Doh ert y 14.65; Just in Ca in 13.9; Peter Fin an 13.85. WINNING ROUTINES Floor Exercise - Scoll Howell: Front somersa ult step out ca rt wheel sid e some rsa ul t, y, turn fa ll. Two sin gle leg circles to st raddl e seat , press to handstand . Roundoff fli p flop full twist, back roll to hand stand lower down to knees to inl ocate pop out to hand sta nd. Lower down, run ro un doff flip-flop arabian dive to pirou ette down to side sca le. Round off fli p flop layo ut back so mersa ult. Side Horse - Scoll Williams : Moore to circle, moo re to circle, sidelift down to loop, circle sideli ft up, circle, side lift down, circle, kh ere in, circl e. Back scissor ri ght, front scisso rs left , ri gh t scisso r, circle, circle, sid e lift ci rcl e, loop, loo p, to dismo unt. High Bar - Mike McKenney: Hi gh sta rt, giant, reach under flank vau lt, double leg cut, kip free hip, giant, toe on giant, reve rse pirouette, giant, reg ular pirouette, double back so mersa ult di smount. Parallel Bars - lustin Cain : Front upri se, reve rse pirou ette, streuli, st ut z, cast, back uprise cu t-cat ch L. Straight bod y press, st utz la yaway, front upri se forw ard roll, back uprise to handstan d, layaway, front uprise, fr ont so mersa ult with a y, twist dismoun t. Vault - Scoll Howell: Yamashita from th e far end . Rings - lamers Doherty: Dislocate, shoot han dstan d, lower down to front leve r. Inlocate, kip up to L, holl ow back press to handstand. Lowe r down to cross. Di sloca te ful l-twisting somersa ult dismount.


MAINE STATE GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR GIRLS March 23, 1974 Brunswick High School Margaret Hayden, Meet Director Th e team titl e is based on points awarded th e top six g ir ls. Th e 1974 titl e was won b y Watervi ll e w ith 42 point s. Nex t was Edward Littl e H S (A u burn) w ith 31 and third was Brun sw ick HS w ith 25 . Th e all -aro und w inn er was Mary Jan e Bourgau lt of Edward Littl e HS w i t h a tota l of 27.4. RESULTS FX : Pau la Conna tser (Watervill e) 7.6; Cynthi a Schinck (Brunswick); Mary Jane Bou rgau lt (Edwa rd Littl e) . UPB: Bourga ult 8.4; Peggy Jaber (W); Jea nin e Tetu (B). BB: Li sa Joseph (W) 6.0 ; Bourgault; Lynda Pla vin (Lewisto n). V: Bourgault 6.3 ; Jaber; Eli zabet h Harl ey (Cape Eli zabeth ). GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

Bob Desiderio, 1974 PIAA AA Champion PENNSYlVANIA STATE GYMNASTICS MEET M arch 1-2, 1974 Cumberland V alley High School By l arry livengood Th e P. I . A. A. stat e gy mna stics m eet u t ili ze d a new forma t fo r thi s yea rs co mpetition. Th e si x olympic eve nts we re divided into two sess ions of compet it ion. Va ultin g, pomm e l horse and parall el b ars were h e ld duri n g t h e 1 :30 sess io n ; f loor exerc ise , r ings and hori zo ntal bar were in th e 7 :00 sess io n . This split sess ion e nabl ed more peop le to see the compet i ton and d id n ot see m to af fec t th e p erforman ces. Mike Papa ntoni o of A mbrid ge and Bob Desid e ri o of Pe nn c rest we re the m eet favorites in the all -aro un d co mp e tit on. Both tal e nt ed gymna sts qu ick l y b eca m e c rowd favo rit es and dr ew grea t appl ause after every performance. Bob Desiderio o u tscored M ike on Va ult, but Papantinio sco red so li d ly o n Pommel Hor se and Para ll el Ba rs to pull w it hin .4 at th e close of th e fi rst session . Durin g th e eve nin g sess ion, D es iderio ex hibit ed sup erior routin es o n th e last three eve nt s and wo n indi v idu al sta te title s on eac h eve nt. Th is spectacu lar performance m o ved him thr ee p o int s ah ead of M ike and wo n th e A ll- Around titl e w ith a 52. 10 tota l. Scott Mc Broom of Rochester, th e 1973 state Va ultin g c h ampi on , defended h is title wi th a hi gh, exp los ive, Yamashita. Warmups indicated th at Pomme l Horse was a much improved ev ent , wit h se vera l good performers. Jo hn Basalyga wo n th e eve nt w ith a fau ltl ess rout in e o ver Bill McBroom, a f res hm an. McB roo m 's ro utin e co n sisted of immediate co mbin ati ons in c ludin g wo rk beh in d th e back and on one pommel. A break after a Ru ss ian made th e d i fference. Arn y Serrand o o f Kisk i won Para ll e l Bars. Th e rh yt hmi c flow and exec uti o n of hi s ro utin e was except iona l. Hi s front off w ith a '12 twist was espec iall y hi gh and c lean .

RESULTS AA : Bob Desiderio (Penn crest) 52.10; Mike Papantonio (A mbridge) 49. 10; John Basa lyga (A mbrid ge) 46.65. V: Scott McBroom (Rochester) 9.20; Desiderio 9.00; Darrel l Kirshl er (Am bridl e) ' 9.00. PH: John Basal yga (A) 8.70 ; Bi ll McBroom (R) 8.50; Papantonio 8.50. PB: Arny Ferrando (K iski) 8.50; Joe Sta ll one (Holy Na me) 8.40; Papantonio 8.25. FX: Desider io 9.20 ; Kirschler 9.10; Victor Triuino (Pe nnri dge) 8.50. R: Des ider io 8.75; Papa ntonio 8.65; Larry Besong (A) 8.50. HB : Desiderio 9.20; Mickie Zawins ky (A ) 8.55 ; Kevin Co ll ins (B utl er) 8.10. WINNING ROUTINES V: Scott McBroom - Yamashita 9.20. PB: A rn y Ferrando - Drop cast-straigh t arm support, forwa rd roll, bac k upri se handstand , layaway, reverse drop cast, reverse stutz, cut ca tch L, stiff-stiff press, drop peach , glid e kip, layaway, back roll , front upri se, front so m i y, twi st di smount. 8.50. PH: John Basa lyga - V, 'circle, Ru ssian, 2 circles, Moore, circl e, travel down , loop tra ve l up, 2 circl es, fron t sc issore, reverse scissors, 2 circles, tra ve l down, loop, wa lkaro un d, loop off y, twist. 8.70. Bill McBroom-Moore mount, imm ed iate back moore, Russ ia n, front scissors, reve rse sc isso r, circle, Moore, imm ediat e front out, back Moore, kehre in, circl e, 'travel down , imm ediat e wa lk around, loop off y, twist. 8.50 . FX: Bob Desider io-Round off, flipflop, double twi st, swed ish fal l, fo rwa rd roll, bac k handspring to split stiff-stiff press, Ru ssian step out, roundoff, pike side (inl oca te in, dislocate out), roundoff, Arabian di ve, roll , front sca le, roundoff, flip flop, fu ll twist. 9.20. R: Bob Desiderio - Di slocate, dislocate, shoot hand, giant hand, bailout, back upri se L, hollow back press, lower down cross, di slocate, di sloca te, disloca te, full twist. 8.75. HB: Brb Des id erio-High sta rt, immediate sta ld er, loop in, 2 in verted giants, hop, reach over to va ult, kip change, sta ld er, reverse flyaway y, twi st. 9.20.

* ** NEW YORK GYMNASTICS 1973-1974 Section 11 (Suffolk County) Report by Ed Konopa, secretary Suffolk Co. Gymnastics Coaches Assoc. Sect ion 11 co mpet e in high schoo l gym n astics durin g th e fall season (Sept. - Nov.) A total of 25 tea ms compe ted in 3 leagues; determ in ed b y sc h oo l e nrollment. In leag u e 1 North Baby lo n went und efea ted in w innin g th e du al meet champ ionship, ho weve r in the league tournament meet they were defea ted by Brentwood 11 7.20 to 11 3. 10. In leag u e 2 East Islip we nt und efeated during th e dual meets, howeve r they were a lso def ea t ed in the leag u e m ee t; 102.40 to 100.05 by Ward Me lvill e. In leag u e 3 Joh n Glenn H.S. , coac h ed b y Bob Eisin ge r won both the league me et and dual m ee t championships . In th e county tea m m eet, w h ere the 3 league c hampion s, and 2 at large teams (best sco rin g in the leagu e meets) compete th e o rd er of finish was 1. Bre nt wood 126.40; 2. No rth Babylon 11 5.45 ; 3. Ward Me lvill e 101 .75 4. Jo hn Glenn 95 .10 5. Ea st Islip 93.05. The following even in g the indi vidu al meet was h eld: th e top 6 fini sh ers in each eve nt plu s th e top 3 AA . from the leag ue m ee ts qua li fy. T h e w inn e rs in eac h eve nt we re; FX: John Goodma n (Bre ntwood) 9.0; PH: Tom Kraste l (E. Islip) 6.25. SR: Larry Farron e (N . Baby lo n ) 9. 15. V: J. Goodman 9.25 . PB : Eric Ern st (Wa rd Me lv ille) & Mike Sil ve rste in (Co nn etquot) 8.0. HB: Bill Herr (E. Islip) 8.1 5. AA: Paul Te ll erico (John G lenn) 42.75. Th e top 6 finishers in eac h eve nt repr ese nted section 11 in th e inters ectional dual meet with sect io n 8 (Nassa u county). Thi s meet between the only two sections w ith fall co mpetition was h eld on D ec. 1 1973 . 13

RESULTS: Section 11 , 158.25 - Section 8, 144.41 ; The out standing perform er of the meet wa s Bob Farb (Ocean side) sec. 8 who won FX (8.85 ) and PB (8.5) and also the AA (51.20). Thi路s meet concluded a highl y successful gymnastic season on Long Island, an area which has produced man y collegiate gymnasts as well as ol ympians. At the annual Coaches - Officials dinner (sec 11) Bob Eisinger was presented with the " Coach of the Year" award , as voted by his fellow coaches.

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ANNUAL NEW YORK STATE INTERSKTIONAL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS March 1-2, 1974 Fox Lane H.S., Bedford, N.Y. Report from Fred Woodworth, Section Chairman

There were no records broken, but the competition was of a high caliber. There were many first and second place ties, more than in previous meets. 89 boys participated , performing 185 routines. RESULTS Team: Sect. 3 -106.24 ; Sect. 1 -105.08; Sect. 5 -104.05 ; Sect. 6 - 96.12; Sect. 9 - 75.32. AA: Willie Summerhays (Rush-Henrietta Sect. 5) 45.75. FX: Paul Simon (Williamsville South Sect. 6) 8.85. PH: George Roberta (Mt. Vernon Sect. 1) 8.40. PB: Rick Suddaby (Baldwinsville Sect. 3) 8.70. R: John Bella (Liverpool Sect. 3) 8.30. HB: Chuck Venisehl (Rush Henrietta Sect. 5) 8.45. V: Tim Rand (Mamaroneck Sect. 1) 8.85. TU: Rich Roberts (Scarsdale Sect. 1) 7.90. Tramp: Brian Sheehan (Rome Sect. 3) 7.30.


WINNING ROUTINES TU: Rich Roberts - Scar~-;'Ie. Ro-u-nd off, back hand spring, full , back handspring, ba ck hand spring, full. Front saito step out , front hand spring, front sa ito, front saito. Round off, back handspring, arabian step out, round off, back hand spring, whip back, ba ck handspring, full. TRAMP: Brian Sheehan - Rome. 2';:' front saito, barani ball out, full twisting back, ';:' ba ck, full twisting cod y, full twisting back, Barani, Pike back, V;:. front half twist, cody, pike back, double back. V: Tim Rand - Mamaroneck. Hand sprin g on the neck. R: John Bella - Liverpool. Dislocate, di slocate shoot hand stand, giant swing, lower to regular cross, " L" cross, pull out, hollow back press, Y4 giant, dislocate, full twisting dismount. PB: Rick Suddaby - Baldwinsville. Glide re verse double cut mount, to middle of bars " L" hold , press handstand, back saito catch immediate stutz cast, back uprise handstand, reverse pirouette, stutz layawa y, front uprise, front saito off. PH: George Roberta - Mount Vernon. Circle mount on end, loop, walk around, circle, front out, back in, back stockli in , circle, moore, break front to re verse scissor, leg cut out, two scissors, circle , tra vel down, walk around, and loop y, twist dismount. FX: Paul Simon - Williamsville South. Cradle to handstand, back walkover; roundoff, back handspring, double full , y, twist to swedish fall ; stoop through, back extension, pirouette, russian front stepout, handspring, front saito, headspring, ru ssian jump, split; stiff-stiff, press to handstand, pirouette; round off, side saito, inlocate, di slocate (menichelli ), scissors kick, scale, round off, handspring, full twisting back. HB: Chuck Venishel - Rush Henrietta. Ol ympic cast, handstand, jams to dislocate, immediate hop out to front giants, hopto free hip hand, back giant arid blind change stall, raps and change direction to rear vault, hop kip, front giants, pirouette, one back giant, and double off.

Rick Suddaby, New York, P-Bar champion

MONROE COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL WOMEN'S GYMNASTIC REPORT NEW YORK The Fifth Annual Monroe Count y Women 's Interscholastic Gymnastic Championships were held February 16 at Fairport High School. The league expanded from 7 schools last season to 12 schools this past season . The five new schools were entered into a Novice Division while the more established schools were entered into a Championship division. Penfield High School coached by Mr. Pete Bush edged out Rush Henrietta coached by Mrs. Paula Summit in an exciting final dual meet by scoring 0.57 of a point more for the league championship. All twelve teams were entered into the county competition. There were three rounds of competition. The schools were seeded in the rounds by the final league standings, with the top four schools competing in the last round. Round I consisted of Spencerport, Gates, Chili , East Rochester and Schroeder. Round II consisted of Sutherland, Irondequoit, Thomas and Brighton . Fairport, Mendon, Rush Henrietta, and Penfield completed Round III. Excitement filled the gymnasium as Rush Henrietta and Penfield gymnasts competed for team and individual honors. Spectators witnessed the highest level of competition ever in Mnroe County gymnastics history. Aerials and handsprings were plentiful in beautiful beam routines. The floor exercises revealed a high level of tumbling as well as dance. Vaulting has grown from layouts to dynamic handsprings and yamis. Uneven bar routines showed more strength, elegance and training than previous years with flowing chang~s between the bars and many handstands on the high bar. The level of gymnastics has steadil y become higher each year. Individual awards were presented to the top six girls in each event. Team results were tallied by totaling the top three scores in each event for each school. Penfield again showed their strength by coming out 0.3 ahead of Rush Henrietta. The top 12 individuals for each event were qualified to compete in the first Sectional meet to qualify for the first I ntersectional (state) meet for New York. This season was truly an unusual season for women ' s gymnastics in Monroie county. The county season had begun before it had been determined tnat there would be a state meet. The county season had ended a month before the intersectional meet was to be held, which left the high schools in an unusual predicament. The Section V qualifying meet was held March 9th, two weeks before the intersecgional meet which allowed the team representing Section V to work out together with the appointed coach, Mrs. Paula Summit, the coach of Rush Henrietta, and a former Springfield College Eastern Regional Div. I beam champion. This time spent working togethr proved to be beneficial as small problems were cleared up and a team spirit was developed. This team spirit along with the talents of the gymnasts enabled the team to go on to eventually become the first New York State Champions. RESULTS Team: Penfield 86.55 ; Rush Henri etta 86.25 ; Mendon 79.40. AA: Stacy Allen (Ru sh Henrietta) 31.60; Debi e Leach (Fairport ) 29.35; Debbie Vogus (Penfield) 29.25. FX: Debbi e Vogu s 7.85 ; Stacey All en 7.80 ; Annette Miano (Penfield ) 7.60. BB: Martha Chamberlain (Penfield) 7.45; Priscilla Bard (Irondequoit) 7.40; Debbie V ogu s 7.35. V: Stacey Allen 8.00 ; Priscilla Bard 7.95; Debie Leach 7.85. UPB: Stacey Allen 8.50; Sand y Cochrane (Ru sh Henri etta ) 8.00 ; Debie Leach 7.80.

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

PH: Tony Williams (Clinton); Startin g at midd le, jump to circl es, double Czechk ehr e, downhill tra vel, wa lkaround, uph ill tra vel, dow nhill tra ve l, kehre, circl e, two front scisso rs, one back scisso r, circle, downhill travel, sc hwa benfl ank e y, turn di smount. HB: Reggie Wilder (Clinton); Stem me forwa rd , full pirouette, front gia nt, grip change, va ult, hop kip, . front giant, pirou ette, bac k giant, direct change, 'Ii giant, hop change to fr ee hip hand sta nd, ba ck giant, flyaway. LH: Bobby Fields (Clinton); Handspring. PB: Jeff Baker (Clinton); On end of bars; jump to glide kip, reve rse stradd le cut catch to supp ort, cast, back uprise to handstand, cast , ste m me backwa rd to cutcatch " L" , stiff-stiff press, Stutzkehre, peach basket to upper arm hang, stem me forwa rd, to Hollander dismount. SR: Carlos Valentine (Clinton); Di slo cate shoot to handstand, fa ll forward to ste m me ba ckwa rds to " L" support, hollowba ck press to hand sta nd, lower to support and felge ba ckwa rd to hand stand w ith straight bod y, lower through backwards to back leve r, dislocate, di sloca te thr oug h handstand to fe lge (circle) ba ckwa rd to di smount with straddled legs.

John Bella, Liverpool, NY, 2 time ring champion


YORK CITY HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS March 22, 30, 1974 John F. Kennedy High School Report by John Traetta, DeWitt Clinton H.S.

The meet featured the top three teams from section eliminations. Optional exercises were performed on th e top six ol ympic e ve nts. The FIG Code was the standard used b y the judges and the raw score system (top three scores) w as employed to det ermine the team score. DeWitt Clinton HS und e r the coach in g of john Traetta asserted its gymnastics prowess b y capt urin g it s e ighth straig ht city champ ion ship. Clinton clearly dominat ed th e meet b y taking all of the fir st, second, and third places, scor in g 143.8 points. Brya nt High School finished seco nd w ith 100.3. j eff Rudolph of C lint on won the all- around with 46.3 w hil e teammate jeff Baker took second with 43.0. RESULTS Team: Clinton 143.8; Brya nt 100.3; Midwood 78.05. FX: B. Field s 8.15; W. M ill er 8. 10; J. Baker 7.85; PH: T. Wi lli ams 8.45; J. Rudolph 8.2; R. Wi ld er 5.4; HB: Wild er 8.45; Rudolph 7.85; Baker 7.75. V: Fi elds 8.45; Rudolph 8.3; Miller 8.10. PB: Baker 8.5; Rudolph 8.10; P. DeFiri s 7.75. R: C. Va lent ine8. 35; P. Sanchez 8.15; H. Floyd 7.80. WINNING ROUTINES FX: Bobby Fields (Clin-ton); Ru ss ian front so mie step out, R.O. FF , back som ie with straight bod y, Swedish fall, va ld ez, RO, FF , back pik e, sp lit, stiff-stiff press hand stand , turn , Ru ssian front somi e imm ediate st raight bod y front hand sprin g, scale, RO , ff, ba ck so mi e.

GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74

One wee k after the team championship 43 high schools gathered to parti cipate in th e in dividual championships, with approx imately 65 gymnasts competing for individu al honors in each eve nt. DeWitt Clinton Hi gh Schoo l domin ated th e indi vidu al fina ls by ca pturin g every 1st place in th e six Ol ympic events, plus th e All- Aro und. Jeffrey Rudolph (C linton) was the outsta ndin g gym nast in the mee t winnin g the all-around, pommel horse, and lon g horse va ulting. RESULTS AA: J. Rudolph (C !. ) 45.8; M. McGutcheon (C !.) 43.7; J. Baker (CI.) 42.9. FX: M. McC ut chen 15.8; W. M ill er (C!') 15.65, J. Rudolph 15.5. PH: J. 'Rudolph 15.8; T. Willi ams (C !. ) 15.1; R. Wilder (C!') 13.8. HB: R. Wild er 16.3; J. Rud olph 14.8; M. McCutchen 14.3. LH: J. Rudolph 16.6; T. Kin g (B) 16.55; T. Graves (L) 16.55. PB: J. Baker 16.65; M. MCCutchen 15.85; M. She rm an (M ) 15.81 . SR: H. Floyd (CI. ) 16.35; C. Valentine (C I.) 16.3; P. Sanchez (CI.) 15.6. WINNING ROUIINES FX: Mario McCutchen (Clinton) RO, ff, fu ll tw ist, swedish fa ll, va ldez, front hand spring front somie, fall , sid e split, press handstand, y, turn , RO, ff, arab ian piked so mi e, sca le, RO , ff, bac k so mi e. SH: Jeff Rudolph (Clinton); Drehflanke follo wed by travel on end of horse, wa lkaround, uphill trave l, do wnhill travel, schwabenflanke, stock li backward , circles, three front scisso rs, one ba ck scisso r, circle, downhill tra ve l, sc hwabenflank e y, turn dismount. HB: Reggie Wilder (Clinton); Stemme forward, full pirouette, front giant, grip change, va ult, hop kip, front giant, pirou ette, bac k giant, direct change, 3/4 giant, hop change to fr ee hip hand stand , back giant, flyaway. LH: Jeff Rudolph (Clinton; Yamashita. PB : Jeff Baker (Clinton); On end of bars; Jump to glid e kip, reverse stradd le cut ca tch to support, cast, back upri se to handstand, cast, stem me ba ckwa rd to cut-catch " L" stiff-st iff press, Stutzkehre, peach basket to upper arm han g, stem me forwa rd , to Holland er dismount. SR : Harold Floyd (Clinton); Doubl e dislocate, shoot to hand stand, back giant handstand , fall for wa rd to stemm e backwa rd s to " L" support, press hand stan d, lower to cross, pull to back leve r, double dislocate, fu ll twi sting di smou nt.

** * NEW JERSEY HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS March 16, 1974 Trenton State College By Marv Speidel Th e New j ersey State Interscholastic Ath le ti ;: A ss ociation adopted a n ew format for it s tea m and indi vidual c hampion ship s, for the 1973-74 season. A comm itt ee of coac h es cha ired b y Tom y Nap ier of Rid gewood High School and composed of john Bird of H enry Hud so n

Regional High School, Don Wi eder of East Brun sw ick Hi gh Sc hool, M ik e Berkowit z of SI. Pete r's Prep Sc hool , Ra y lannuzza of Cedar Ridg e Hi gh Schoo l and Marv Speidel of Columb ia High School p lanned an elimination tournam e nt for th e tea m championsh ip and esta blish ed required qualify in g scores for the I ndi v idual Sect iona l m ee ts which led to the stat e final s. In th e team competition, each team was requir ed to meet eac h other team in their di stri ct in du al m eet s w ith the team with the be st won- lost reco red being declared the d istri ct c hampion in each of the state's four di strict s. Th ese distri ct champion s plus the next fi ve teams based on the average of their best three dual meet sco res and regardless of their district affi li at ion were eligibl e for the tourn ament. Th e district champ ion s were SI. Peter's Prep School of jersey City in the North, East Brun swick Hi g h School in Central A, Henry Hud son Regional High School of Atlantic Highland s in Cent ral B, and Cherry Hill East High School in the South. All rounds of the tournament we re contested at War Memorial High Schoo l of Sa y reville so th at everyone worked on the same apparatus and w ith the same judg es. The fir st round s were h eld on Saturda y, M arch 2nd as three tri angualr meets with the finals bringing the three winners together on Wednesday, March 6th. Winners of the team tournament was East Brunswick High School. To be e li g ible for the Se ctional Championships for individuals a boy had to h ave scored an 8.0 or better on Long Horse or a 5.0 or better on the othe r eve nts in at least one dual meet during th e season in dual meet aga inst another New j e rsey High School. The Sect ional meets were held at East Brunswick High School for North and Central A teams and at Mo nmouth Regional High School for teams from Ce ntral B and South on Saturday, March 9th with the high est six sco rers in eac h event plu s ties and including the high est six in AIIAround advancing to the State Championship fin als at Trenton Stat e College on Saturday, March 16th . Kent Nasveschuk of East Brunswick H . S. swept to the All-Around title w ith a st rong 50 .25 performance w hil e also w inning the PH , HB, and PB events. Oth e r events champ ions were: TU- Mark john son, Dickinson High School of j ersey City; LH-Dea n Bellucci of Henry Hudson and Ma rc Gae rtner of East Brunswick (tied) ; and R-Marc Gaertner of East Brunswick. RESULTS TU: Ma rk John so n (Dickin son) 8.75; Kent Nasvesch uk (Eas t Brunswick) 8.55; tie between Ja ck Ke rr (Say revill e) 8.45 and Noel Gaertner (East Bru nswick) 8.45. PH: Nasvesch uk 8.90; AI Kwiatowski (East Brunswick ) 8.70; John Con lon lColumbi a) 8.05. HB: Nasveschuk 9.20; Kwiat owski 8.95; Baron De Veau (Henry Hu dson) 8.50. PB: Na svesc huk 8.75; Kwiatowski 8.55; De Veau 8.20. V: Tie between Dean Bellucci (Hen ry Hud so n) 9.05 and Noel Gaertner 9.05; Marc Gaertner (East Brunswick ) 8.8,. R: Noel Gaertner 8.55 ; DeVea u 8.40; Doug Smith (Wa ll Tow nshi p) 7.95. WINNING ROUTINES All-Around: Kent Nasveschuk, East Brunswick High School. Sen ior, 50.25 Tumbling (2nd), 8.55 1st Run , Roundoff, back handsp rin g, doub le back sa lt a. 2nd Run , Front sa lta stepout, roundoff, ba ck han dsp ring, fu ll twi sting back sa ito. 3rd Run , Front sa lta stepout, Handspring, Front sa ito stepout, Handsprin g, Front sa lta.


Pommel Horse (1st) , 8.90 Ha lf circl e, Bailey, circle, Czech, circle, backout to uphill travel , downhill travel, kehre in , break to reverse scissors, single leg in to front scisso rs, front scissors, front scissors, circles, downhill travel, loop V, turn to front off. Horizontal Bar (1st) 9.20 Back uprise, free hip circle to handstand, back Stalder, giant swing, blind change, front Stalder, gia nt swing, full pirouette, Ono turn , rear vault catch, Kip, front hip circle with g rip chan ge, giant swing, pirouette, giant swing, toe on front off tucked . Parallel Bars (1st), 8.75 Jump to support, basket to support, stradd le cut catch L, stiff-stiff press, st utz to handstand, drop cast to upper arms, back uprise straddle cut , layaway, front uprise, swi nging pirouette, back sa ito dismount wi th v, twis t. Long Horse (Tied for 6th) , 8.70 Handspring . Rings (10th), 6.15 Dislocate, high dislocate, shoot handstand, back giant swi ng, layaway forward and back upri se -L, press h ~ ndstand, layaway forward and inlocate, inlocate, back uprise, roll to back lever, dislocate, high dislocate, double back flyaway. Tumbling: Marc Johnson, Dickenson High SchoolJersey City, Sen ior, 8.75 1st Run, Front sa ito stepo ut, roundoff, back hand spring, double twisting back saito. 2nd Run, Front sa ito, front saito, front ro ll- front saito, front roll-front sa ito. 3rd Run, Roundoff, back handspring, l V, twisting back sa lta stepout, roundoff, back handspring, fu ll twisting back saito stepout, roundoff, back handspr ing, full twisting back saito, back handspring, !;Jack sa ito. Yault: (t ied for 1st place) Dean Bellucci, Henry Hudson Hi gh School-At lant ic Hi ghland s, Junior, 9.05, Handspr in g. Noel Gaertner, East Brunswick High School, Senior, 9.05, Yamas hita with V, twist. Rings: Noel Gaertner, East Brunswick High School, Senior, 8.55 High dislocate, shoot hand stand, back giant swin g, layaway forward and inloca te , inlocate, back uprise L, press to handstand, lower down and roll to back lever, dislocate, hig h dislocate, flyaway w ith full twist.


NEW YORK STATE GYMNASTIC INTERSECTIONAL MEET FOR GIRLS March 23, 1974 SUNY at Binghamton Report by Mrs. Paula Summitt Team: Section V 150.40; Sect. I 143.18; Sect. VI II 140.57; Sect. IV 126.14; Sect. 111124.33; Sect. IX 32.76. AA: Stacy All e n (Rush-Henrietta) 61.41; Barbara Shields (St. Agnes) 61.12; Prisci lla Bard (West Inrond equoit) 60.75 . UPB: Chris Schachter (Mamaroneck) 15.25; Sandy Coachrane (RushHe nri e tta) 15.00; Bard 14.45. BR : Allen 16.58; Nancy ' Ballentyne (Po rt Washington Centra l) 15.72; Jan Saraphin (Yestal Central) 15.50. Y: Shields 16.72; Ann Kazal (Carte Place) 16.43; Karen Hemberger (Byram Hill s) 16.02. FX: Shields 16.50; Debb ie Vogus (Pe nfield) 16.15; Bard 15.82.

ALABAMA STATE HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS April 12-13, 1974 Sylacauga High School, Sylacauga, Alabama By Kath Kuhn The Alabama High School Ath letic Association spo nsored the third State High School Championships for g irl s and includ ed competiton in two divisions-junior high (grades 7,8,9) a nd senior high (grades 10,11,12) . The National Federation of High Schoo ls Ru les were used to govern th e meet, with USGFDGWS intermediate leve l compu lsories being performed for both divisions as well as optional routines in each of the four Olympic events. There was also optional competit ion for tumbling a nd trampoline. Approx imate ly 120 gymnasts representing 16 junior High Schools and 9 Senior High Schoo ls took part in the two day com petition . Grissorri High School of Huntsvi ll e won a decis ive victo ry in the Senior division with host team Sylacauga second. Defend ing c hampion Le High of Huntsville was third. In the juni or division, Pizitz Middle School of Birmingham walked away with the first place trophy with East Highland of Sy lacauga second and Whitesburg of Hunt svi lle third. Team scores refl ec ted quite an improvement in the cal ib er of the gymnasts with the Senior total being 24 points higher and th e junior total 36 points high er than the previous year's winning scores. Outstanding individual performances were turned in by Elaine Popajohn of Pi zitz who placed first in all four olympic events a nd th e All-Around in the junior division, and Anita Thomas of Sylauga who won the A ll -Around in the Senior division for the third year in a row . The fo ll owing results are totals of compulsory and optional scores for team, All-Around and the four Olympic events. Tumbling and trampoline scores are for optional routines only a nd d id not count in team scores. SENIOR DIYISION Team: Grissom 182.70; Sylacauga 161 .05; Lee 160.30. AA: Anita Thomas (S) 62.55; Susan White (G) 61 .1 5; Beverly Brown (G) 60.90. FX: Brown 17.25; White '16.95 ; Thomas 16.85. BR: Thomas 15.30; White 14.50; tie - Emily Craven (L) and Brown 13.10. UPB : Melinda Haywood (G) 16.35; Thomas 15.50; Brown 15.20. Y: White 15.75 ; Brown 15.35; Thoma s 14.90. Tr: Lynn McKenzie (Gadson) 7.60; Debbie Battles (Etowah) 5.80. JUNIOR DIYISION Team: Pizitz 192.35; East Highland 168.90; Whitesb urg 143.75. AA: Elaine Popajohn (P) 67.25; Nerrin Berkay (P) 61.75; Ju li e Garrett (P) 60.75. FX: Popajohn 16.80; Berkay 16.20; Melinda Thomas (EH) 15.90. BB: Popajohn 16.20; Kim Gallops (EH) 14.85; Julie Garrett (P) 1"4.55. UPB: Popajohn 17.05; Berkay 16.75; Garrett 16.10. Y: Popajohn 17.20; Garrett 15.60; Tina Wingard (E H) 15.20. Tu : Thomas 6.90; Wingard 6.80; Karen Riggs (Morgan County) 5.50.


HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS May 4, 1974 Kellam High School, Virginia Beach Report by Gordon Shaw, Richmond, Va.

Region] 16

RESULTS Team: Manchester 108.51 ; Robinson 99.42; He rdon 98.88; Midlothian 78.74. AA: Mason Tokarz (M) 37.85; Mark Finley (H) 37.05; Chris Bowling (M) 34.25. FX: Rich Archer (Langley) 8.90; Charles Hall (Fauq ui er) 8.35; Tokarz 8.1 5. PB: Mark Hanl ey (Mt. Vernon) 5.4; John Sharp (M) 5.3; Tokarz 5.3. R: Finley 6.4; Joe

Manchester H.S., Virginia state champions Carnove r (MV) 5.9; Robert Fox (R) 5.1. Y: Bowling 8.45; Steve Willard (M) 8.40; Pat Graham (R) 8.25; HR: Finley 7.1; Greg Brewer (H) 5.95; Tokarz 5.90. PH: Warre n Higgins (R) 6.8; Terry Babb (Sout hhampton) 5.9; Steve Livingston (Ha yfield ) 4.9.

** * GREATER MIAMI ATHLETIC CONFERENCE GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS May 16-17, 1974 Miami-Dade Community College-North By Don Gutzler Miami-Dade Community College was the s ite of this year' s e quival en t to the Florida State H.S. Championships. Through a series of qualifying dual meets, the state 's top three teams met head-on for the team title. Defe nding champ ion Miami Central, led by Kurt Thomas, a National Jr . Olympic AA Champion, eas il y retained its c rown . Th e real battle was for second place as Cora l Gables edged North Miami Beach by less than a point. The following night, individu a l event fina ls were he ld and Centra l' s team, co mpos ed of a ll around men aga in dominated the competition. Thomas and teammates Sam Gilmore a nd Walter Hay es took 1-2-3 in AA , PH , and HB while Thomas also took 1st in PB and V. Scott Shorr of Miami Killian took FX while Steve Kuehn of Coral Gables wan R. Thi s year' s seaso n was highlighted by our area 's top gymnasts compet in g against a team from West Germany . Interest in gymnastics in the Miami area is growing both in participants and spectators.

RESULTSTeam: Miami Central 143; Co ral Gables 11 6; North Miami Beach 115. AA: Kurt Th omas 51.00; Sam Gilmore 45.90; Walter Hayes 43.95. FX: Scott Shorr 8.15; Thoma s 8.05; Jose Cast ro 7.65. PH : Thomas 8.70; Hayes 7.80; Gilmore 7.40. HB: Th omas 8.70; Gi lmore 8.60; Hayes 7.25 . PB: Thomas 8.65; Gilmore 7.80; Roger Grippo 7.15. Y: Thomas 8.95; Grippo 8.75; Tie between Johnn y John son and Perry Sault 8.55. R: Steve Kuehn 8.05 ; Thomas 7.95; Hayes 7.40.

*** GREATER MIAMI ATHLETIC CONFERENCE GIRLS GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS May 17, 1974 Miami-Dade North Community College By Jerry Wright Led by Bonnie Harris, Hialeah High won the GMAC girls gymnastics champ ionsh ip for 1974 with a score of 126.12. Hi a leah-Miami Lakes was second with 118.93 and Miami Springs third with 117.32. The three teams were se lected for the title meet o n the basis of th'e ir best five team scores during the GMAC season.

GYMNAST Aug./ Sepl. '74

Harri s averaged 9.07 on the four events to take AA honors. She also won FX w ith 9.3 and Beam with 9.05. Cath y Shotwe ll of HialeahMi ami Lakes w o n the va ult with a 9.4 and the un eve n bar s with 9.25. Amy Tubis (H ML) wa s her team ' s AA leader w ith 9.03. j anice McKenna wa s Miami Springs ' best with a 7.97 average. The individual event finals were held May 19 at Miami-Dad e, with M iss Harris again dom in at in g the picture with first on V and UPB and tie for first on B and tie for third on FX. g~1JLTS FX: Cath y Shotwell (HML) 9.15 ; Am y Tubi s (HML ) 9.00; tie between Bonnie Harris (H) and Ka ren Radulski (H) 8.95. V: Harri s 9.25 ; Shotwell 9.20 ; Radulski 8.95. BB: Ti e betwee n Tubis and Harri s 9.4; Shotwe ll 9.15. UPB : Harris 9.25; Tubis 9.10; Terri Parson s (Pal ) 9.05 .

** *

flORIDA STATE INVITATIONAL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR GIRLS May 10-11, 1974 Miami-Dade Community College Report by Judy Darwick Whi le bi ll ed as an invitational , this meet was an unofficial state championship in that 16 schoo ls from all over the state entered 96 gi rl s, . wit h the sa le qualification that she be ab le to , score a 5.0 on an event. On Friday, May 10, gymnasts competed for team and AA honors whi le on Saturday, those who had a 7.5 or better (or were in the top 8 on an event) competed for individual honors. The preliminary and final scores were added to determine th e w inn ers. RESULTS Team : Hialeah (H) 102.78; Miami Springs (MS) 94.98; Palmetto (P) 92.26 ; Everglades Schoo l for Girls (ESG) 89.53 ; Mi ami Killian (MK ) 85 .. 25 ; North Miam i Beach (NMB) 83.38 . AA: Bonnie H arris (H) 35.50; Karen Radul ski (H) 32.95 ; Teri Parsons (P) 32.65. FX : Harr is 17.85; Parsons 16.65; Janice McKenna (MS) 16.20. V: Harris 18.25; Radul ski 18.00; Parsons 17.55. BB: Harris 17.65; Radu lski 16.95 ; Vickie Jackson (Dade-Christian) 16.05. UPB : Harris 18.10 ; Radulski 16.90; Parsons 16.60. MIAMI HERALD ALL-OTY GYMNASTIC SQUAD Girls: Bonnie Ha rris (H ialeah, Jr) 8.85 ave ; Cat hy Shotwe ll (Miami Lakes, fr) 8.92 ave; Karen Radlski (Hileah, jr) 8.74 ave; Kim High (Norland , sr) 8.60 ave; Teri Parsons (Palmetto,) 8.58 ave; Am y Tubis (Miam i Lakes, fr) 8.79 ave. Boys: Kurt Thomas (Miami Centra l, sr) 8.20 ave ; Mark Rifkind (North Miami Beach , jr) 7.90 ave; Sam Gi lmore (Miami Centra l, sr) 7.50ave; Walter Hayes (Miami Centra l, sr) 6.90 ; Scott Schorr (K illi an , sr) 6.40 ave.

MINNESOTA STATE GYMNASTICS MEET March 15-16, 1974 by Dan Cragg, Robbinsdale H.S.

Region" INDIANA STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR BOYS March 9, 1974 Warren Central High, Indianapolis RESULTS Team : Jim town (J) 87 ; Jefferson vill e (J v) 76; Co lum bus North (CN) 53 ; Ben Davis (BD) 48; Crown Point (CP) 39 ; Anderson (A) 36; North Cen tral (NC) 22; Wabash (W) 21; Pike 16; Angola 12. AA: Jim Barton (J) 39.75; Dan Linder (CP) 39 .25 ; M aurice Barrett (Jv) 38.50. FX: Tom Iller (A) 8.60; Chri s Dolson (BO) 8.55; Bruce Bunting (Pike) 8.20. PH: Garry Beasley (CN) 8.70; Rick Spang le (J) 7.35; Dave Bowman (J) 7.00. R: Mark Schiller (Jv) 8.55 ; Randy Spiegel (BO) 8.15; Dana Stickans (CN) 7.75. V: Barton 8.60; Keith Schuster (Jv) 8.45 ; Paul Moran (Madison H eights) 8.45. PD: Dave Smitson (CN) 8.10; Greg Hill (CN) 8.10; Kevi n Fl etcher (J) 7.20. HB: Terry Duffy (BO) 8.00; Patrick Elward (W) 7.95 ; Barton 7.70. Tr: Mark Foster (Jv~.8.30 ; John Peet (NC) 8.10; Schu ster 8.00 .


ILLINOIS STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS RESULTS Team: H ersey (H) 180.50; Hin sda le (Hi) 167.00; Rolling Meadows (RM) 119.00; Elk Grove (EG) 11 3.00; Ni les West (NW) 110.50; York (Y) 102.50. AA : (five events) Bart Conn er (NW) 42.95; Mike Godawa (RM) 42.30; Scott Barclay (Oak Park) 41.25. Tr: David Hadley (EG) 9.20; Jim Broderick (Y) 9.00 ; Mark Ford (G lenbrook S) 8.90. FX : Curt Au stin (Y) 9.40; Conner 8.90; Ron Mitsds (H ) 8.90. PH: Blaine Dahl (RM) 9.20; Bruce Freedman (H ) 9.20 ; Tom Trueson (Hinsda le Central) 9.00. R: Jack Henry (EG) 9.35; Tom Ware (Addison Trail) 9.05 ; Conner 8.95. PB: Conner 9.30 ; Godawa 8.95; Jim Erwin (H insda le Central) 8.80. HB : Bob Creek (Evanston) 9.30; Klemma (Schaumburg) 8.95; Bill Bosslet (EG ) 8.90.


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For the thrid consecutive yea r, Armstrong High School, representing Region 7, beat Cooper HS of Region 6 for t he State title . Region 7 had a number of othe r hi gh ly qu alifi ed teams which didn ' t make it to the State finals, including St. Louis Park , Robbinsdale , and Lincoln . In the course of wi nnin g the team title , Armstrong scored 23.55 on FX, 18.5 on PH , and 23.05 on R, 24.2 on HB, 23 .5 on PB, and 25.0 on trampoline for a total of 144.32 (inc lud es 6.52 AA average score for Mike Takata). While Cooper hit for 21.7 on FX, 20.2 on PH, and 24.45 on R, 25.2 on HB, 23 on PB, and 21.65 on trampoline plus 6.52 AA average for Bill Birosh to total 142.72. Th e all- around titl e in Minnesota was billed at the beginning of the year as a duel between Pete - Shapiro (Jr) of St. Lou is Park, and Paul Lid een (Sr) of Brooklyn Center. Shapiro was undefeated throughout the yea r but was chall enged at the State meet by Cooper' s Bill Birosh (sr), Armstrong ' s Mike Li vieri (jr), Robbinsdale ' s Greg Swain , and Anoka 's Steve Schwandt , all of whom sco red 34 or higher at some time during the season. The state meet proved disastrous for all of the AA gym n asts with injuries hamper ing Lid een and breaks bothering Birosh , Sc hwandt, and Brian Quinn of Robbinsdale . Only Shapiro maintained some consisten cy, scor in g 8.2 on HB, 8.5 on PB, and 8.05 on R to bring his AA total to a respectable 35.65. The fin als took place in W illi ams Arena o n the Un iversity of Minnesota camp us. In most instances the top performers were exce ll en t, but the overal l quality f the finals see m ed down slig htl y from previous years . Ten contestants qualified on each event wit h the champion determined by adding the prelim in ary and finals scores toget her. Reid Goldetsky, St. Louis Park, was the early favorite on FX and put together an 8.1 ro utin e, but Armstrong's Mike Livieri was clean in the prelims with an 8.5 Goldetsky p ut it all together for an 8.6 in th e finals but with a 8.35, Li vier i still edged him out fo r the title. On the pommel horse, Bob McHattie of Alexander Ramsey , upset defending champio n Pat O ' Rourke of Cooper by 0.05 Bob and Pat and Scott Greenwald of Cooper were the o nly horsemen to ride through without a break. The stil l ri-ngs provided the best qua lity shown in the meet w ith defending state champ Dennis Ripczinski of Cooper using straight ar m work, exce ll ent power moves, and a strong double back dismount to win again over teammate Tim Baardson . The hor izonta l bar work was by far the best Minnesota ha s seen in the high sc h oo ls with dislocated giants, sta ld ers, czech 's and double back flyaways executed by a number of gymnasts. Pete Hommes, Armstrong , was undefeated com in g into the state finals and led after the preliminaries w ith 8.8 In the finals, though , he missed his routine for the fir st t im e and Cooper's j erry Tynen moved in to scoop first place. All-American sophomore, Reid Gold etsky, dominated the para ll el bars, and w ith Mike Pearson and Mike Takata of A rm strong made it a clean sweep for Region 7 on that event. On trampoline , Mickey j ohnson, Armstrong, outclassed the rest of the field, just as he h ad done all year. j ohnson ' s 8.9 in the finals was the 17

OHIO STATE GIRLS CHAMPIONSHIPS RESULTS Advanced AA: Lori Haas 68.70; Melan ie Ray 67.20; Pam Harri s 64.85; Nancy H eller 63 .65; Jan Walker 57.50. B: Melan ie Ray 17. 15; Dawn Ramanini 16.95; Pam Harris 16.65; Lori Haas 16.55 ; Mickey Ede ll 15.75; Nancy Hell er 15.50. UPB: Lori Haa s 17.45; Nancy Hell er 16.20; Melanie Ra y 16.05 ; Pam Harri s 15.75; Lorraine Marik 15.40; Kare n Murik 14.95. V: Lori Haas 17.95; Tammy Hi att 17.85; Mel ani e Ray 17.45; Laurie Schultz 17.20; Debbie Bahre 17.20; Peggy Lesegonich 16.90. FX: Da w n Romanini 17.00; Lori Haas 16.75; Pam Harris 16.75; Na ncy H ell er 16.60; Melanie Ra y 16.55; Jan Walker 16.00. Intermediate (no all around) V: Jane Carpenter 17.05 ; Natal ie Colombo 16.60; Viv Vilkowsk i 15.95; Li sa Tutas 15.15; Cind y John so n 14.80; Sherry Ri ce 14.80. UPB: D eni se Ace ll 15.90; Mary Trutko 15.70; Mary Fiely 15.60; Jud y Klu ste rm an 15.00; !;' Lindsey Gantner 14.00; Ann Rigsby 11.65. FX: Mali a 0;' Ma y 15.45; Mary Fi ely 15.40; A nnette Simon 15.15; Li sa " Tutas 15.15; Kare n Mi lh oan 14.75; Kay Queen 14.60. B: Sha ron A ll ey 16. 10; Cind y Heteri ch 15.75; Laura :;' Leitzinger 14.80; Lynn Scott 14.75; Caro l Mudgett ." 14.20; Bet sy Carpenter 13.85. ~








OHIO HIGH SCHOOL STATE GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS " February 22-23, 1974 ~ C University of Dayton "1:1 By Don Sellman ;:


highest score given in the meet. Two other Region 7 trampolinists comp leted the sweep of top places: Chuck Osborne (A) and Buzzy Dachis (SLP). RESULTS

Team: Arm strong (A) 144.32, Cooper (C) 142.72, Anoka (A n) 122.75, Ramsey (R) 109.94, Fairmont (F) 106.16, Grand Rapid s (GR) 84.76, H arding (H) 71.75, Rooseve lt (Ro) 68.44. AA: Pet e Shap iro (St. Louis Park ) 35 .65; Brian Quinn (Robbi nsda le) 33 .55; Steve Schwandt (A n) 33 .25. FX : Mike Li vieri (A) 16.85; Re id Goldetsky (S LP) 16.7; Don Strand (A n) 15.8. PH: Bob McHattie (R) 15.1 ; Pat O 'Rourk e (C) 15.05 ; Scott Greenwa ld (C) 14.1. R: Denni s Ripczin ski (C) 17.65; Tim Baard so n (C) 17.5; Steve Schwandt (An) 16.2. Tr: M ickey Johnson (A) 17.6; Chuck O sborn e (A) 17.0; Bruce Dach is (SLP) 16.25. PB: Go ldetsky (S LP) 17.05; Mike Pea rso n (A) 16.35; Mike Takata (A) 16.25. HB : Jerry Tynen (C) 16.55; Pete Hommes (A) 16.3; Monty Gunia (C) 16.2.

*** WISCONSIN GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS March 9, 1974 Waukesha HS, Waukesha, Wise. By Dave Wentworth Coed gymnast ics arri ved in Wisconsin forthe first time at the state higirl school champ io nships. This was the first coed state tournam ent ever held in any sport in th e WIAA. Th e meet was a tremendou s success, both at the box office (paid attend ance of 3200) and on the TV w ith the first sta t e-wid e tel ev ision coverage of gymnast ics. As a result, the WIAA plans to co ntinu e th e practi ce of a coed state tourn ament, with n ex t yea r's meet to be held M arch 15, again at Waukesha. RESULTS Girls Team: M il waukee Bay View (MBV) 42.5; Nee tah (N) 28; Green Ba y Preb le (GBP) 25; Brown De e r (BD) 23.6; Homestea d (H) 23; Racine Case (RC) 13.1 ; Wauwatosa West (WW) 12; Gree n Bay West (G8W) 10.5 ; Keno sha Trempe r (K) 10; Green Bay East


(GBE ) 9.AA: Connie Nowak (MBV) 26.75; Laurie Mu rph y (N) 26.4 ; Ann Sha lbrack (RC) 23.35. FX: Mony Lynn (WW) 6.90; Tina Su lliva n (H) 6.70; Shalbrack 6.60. SHY : Mary Markert (MBV) 7.15; Sue Ciancimino (Wa ukesha) 6.65; Jody Miklaszewicz (MBV) 6.55. BB: Laurie Fechen (N) 7.05; Sarah Brown (GBP) 6.75; In grid Belusa (Mi l. Wash.) 6.40. UPB: Co nni e Nowack 7.20; tie between S. Brow n and L. Murph y 6.90. Boys Team: Homestea d (H) 128.11; Mi lwa uk ee Madison (MM) 123.55; Green Bay Preble (GB P) 120.30; Waukesha (W) 117.30; Greenfi eld (G) 111.50; Menomonee Fa ll s East (M FE) 106.88; Mi lwa uk ee Boys Tech (M BT) 104.50; Man itowoc (M) 101.90; Racine Park (RP) 103.25 . AA: Pete Wittenbe rg (H) 7.66 ave; Joe Wick ert (MBV) 6.95 ave; Charles Druecke (MM) 6.55 ave . V: Casey Ed wa rds (M) 8.70; Wi cke rt 8.65; Mark Bun ke r (Mil. Ham.) 8.60 . FX: M ike Maz za (Brookfi eld East) 8.50 ; Wittenberg 8.45; Ken Met zler (GBP) 7.65. PH: Mark Daniels (G) 8.00; Tom Kaspro vich (RP) 6.85; Tim Heisel (G) 6.50; HB: Wittenberg 8. 15; Dru ecke 8.05; Carey Bote (H) 7.75. PB: Rich Con ley (W) 7.50; Brian Humphrey (Ma d. West) 7.25; Mike LaFleur (G) 6.90. R: Dave Wild s (MM) 8.55; Jerri Behnke (H) 7.75; Tie betwee n Ron Ropso n (GBP) and Ri ch Con ley 7.65.




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Team : Pioneer High (P) 119.00; Trenton (T) 111.89; Truman (Tr) 11 0.92; Flal Rock (FR) 107. 03 ; Alpena (A) 105.83; Huron (H) 98.24. AA: Steve Lenart (Tr) 5.77 ave; Denni s Rumbaugh (P) 5.30 ave; Lenn y Marks (T) 5.24 ave. FX : Ja y Schore (P) 8.85; Len art 8.15; Gary Fanflome (A ll e n Park ) 8.10. PH: Paul Hamm o nd s (P) 7.40; Chip Reitt er (Tr ) 6.4; Jim Wi ll oughby (H) 6.4 . R: Co ry Golder (A) 7.90; Mark Werda (A) 7.65; Gordie Hi gman (P) 7.45. Tr : Newt Loken (P) 8.4; Scott McKenzie (A) 8.30; Rudy Smith (H) 8.00. PB : Lena rt 8.15 ; W end a 7.30; Kerry Ritter (FR) 6.80. HB: Lynn Co usili ea u (A) 7.45; Clayto n McKenzie (FR) 7.15; Lenart 6.80.

The Ohio State High School Championships we re h eld February 22-23 at the University of Dayton Fieldhouse. Before a large crowd, Franklin High School, coac hed by Don Sellman, walk ed away w ith the top honors with a fine t ea m effo rt. Led by se nior, Mel Morton, who placed in the top six in four events, Franklin scored a total of 311.5 points to runner-up Dayton Wayne ' s 196.5 and third place Miamisburg 's 150 points. The AA scoring was very close and was decided in the last eve nt as Mark Fultz, Youngstown Boardman, edged out Shawn H ayth, Cuyahoga Fall s, and Bob Spurney, Cleveland Heights, for top honors w ith a score of 44.60. The meet also featured a double back in FX and off the parall el bars by sop homore Roland Bishoff of Dayton Wayne. A fine performance by Franklin ' s Elden Hoskins won the PH with an 8.6 for th e second year in a row . The overa ll competit io ns was better than ever as recorded in the accompanying scores and routines . RESULTS AA: Mark Fult z (You ngstow n Boardman , sr.) 44.60; Shawn H ayth (Cuya hoga Falls, sr.) 44.40; Bob Spurney (C leveland Heights, sr.) 44.30. V: Rod N ew land (M iam isburg, ir. ) 8.925; Mel Morton (Franklin , sr.) 8.90; Roland Bishoff (Wayne, soph) 8.8725. Strip FX: Dal e Eby (Wayne, ir.) 8.25 ; Morton 8.125 ; Marty M ill e r (Wayne, ir.) 7.975. PH: Elden Hoskins (Franklin , sr. ) 8.225 ; Bob McC loud (Franklin, sr.) 8.075; Dwig ht Morgan (C uya hoga Fall s, sr. ) 7.45. HB: Morton 8.25 ; Fult z 7.975; D an Reed (M iami sburg, sr.) 7.85. TR: tie betwee n Bi shoff 7.625 and Marty M ill er 7.625; D ale Eby (Way ne, ir. ) 7.325 . PB: Spurney 8.75; Irvin KenerlY (Franklin, ir.) 8.275 ; Jeff Haas (C uya hoga Fall s, sr. ) 8. 25. R: Gary Waldman ( Lyndhurst Brush) 8.25; Ha yth 8.20; Fultz 7.925. WINNING ROUTINES V: Rod Newland (M iamisburg, i r.) far end Yamashita. Strip FX: Dale Eby (Way n e, ir. ) Rd. off ff back so mi full tw ist y, turn swedish fal l, splits stiff press, rd off arabian di ve roll , Russian di ve roll , If to support st raddl e back ex tension roll pirouette , rd off If back so mi pike.

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

P'H: Eld en H osk ins (Frankli n, sr.) Back moore Bail ey back stockli to reverse loop to wa lk-aro und to back sto ckli circl e high lift front sc isso rs back sc isso rs pull out circle back moore immediate trave l to loop o ff. HB: M el Morton (Franklin , sr. ) Stem ri se gia nt stoop in (2) eag les hop out giant pirouette back giant b lind , change to front giant barani dismount. . . TR: tie Rolan d Bi shoff (Wa yne, so ph ) Fhffu s doubl e ba ck back so mi full tw istin g ba ck back pike double twisting back, ba ck rudolph back doub le tw isting back. Marty Mi ll er (Wa yne, jr. ) Fliffu s back pike double tw isting bac k, bac k do ubl e bac k rudolph back pik e, back 'A cody back rudolph . PB: Bob Spurney (C leve land H eights, sr.) Glid e kip on end of bars reverse staddle cut peach basket glid e kip rolling through shoulder stand back u prise straddle cut " L" hollow ba ck handstand stutz hand stand cast back uprise st raddl e cut dip handstand stutz la yaway front uprise front som i d ismou nt. R: Gary Wa ldman (Lyndhurst Bru sh) not avai lab le.

INDIANA STATE HIGH SCHOOL CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR GIRLS March 30, 1974 North Central High School Thirt y fi ve team s co mpeted in the three divisions : beginning , compu l so r y, interm ed iate co mpulsory and optio nal level. Th e re were six places given in ea ch event and th e team championship given o nl y in the optional division. Co lum bu s No rth Hi gh School won its seco nd consecut ive victo ry b y capturing th e state title . CNHS ca me into the meet und efeated, sporting thirteen st raight wins. Pam Robill ard from Columbus Nort h took four sta t e champi ons hips, winning the balance beam, the uneve n parallel bars, va ulting and all-around . Diane Payne of Warren Central took floor exe rci se and placed second in all other even ts. The compet ition was exce ll en t and surpassed onl y by the judgi ng and organization of the meet. Gymn astics is coming on strong in Indiana for both men and women . ' RESULTS Team: Co lumbu s North Hi gh School 80.55 ; Tho ma s Ca rr Howe 76.80; Po rt age Hi gh Schoo l 76.25 ; Richmond Hi gh Sc ho o l 68.35. AA: Pam Robillard 31.25 Diane Pa yne 30.95 Debbie King 28.35 . BB: Pam Robillard 7.50 Diane Payne 7.25 Linda Ho ltz 7.15 . UPB: Pam Robillard 8.30 Diane Pa yne 8.00 Mary Vance 7.55. V: Pam Robillard 7.65 Denise Sco tt 7.55 Dian e Pa yne 7.40 . FX: Diane Payne 8.30 Me li ssa Fulton 8.05 Mary Va nce 7.85.

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Franklin H.S., Ohio state champions



Columbus North H.S.â&#x20AC;˘ Indiana state champions


Team: Jim town (J ) 87 ; Jeffe rsonvi lle (Jv) 76; Columbus No rth (CN) 53; Ben D av is (BD ) 48; Cro w n Point (CP) 39; A nde rson (A) 36; No rth Centra l (NC) 22; Wabash (W ) 21 ; Pike 16; Ango la 12. AA: Jim Barton (J) 39.75; Dan Lind er (C P) 39.25; Mau ri ce Barrett (Jv) 38.50. FX: To m Ill er (AI 8.60; Chris Dol son (BD) 6.55; Bruce Bunting (Pike) 8.20 . PH : Garry Beasley (CN ) 8.70; Ri ck Spa ngl e (J) 7.35 ; D ave Bowman (J) 7.00. R: Mark Schi ll er (J v) 8.55 ; Rand y Spiegel (BD) 8. 15; Dana Sticka ns (CN ) 7.75. V: Barton 8.60; Ke ith Sc hu ster (Jv) 8.45 ; Paul Mora n (Madison He ights) 8.45. PB : Dave Smitso n (CN) 8.10; Greg Hill (CN) 8. 10; Kevin Fle tcher (J ) 7.20. HB: Terry Duffy (B D) 8.00; Patri ck Elward (W) 7.95; Barton 7.70. Tr: M ark Foster (J v) 8.30; Joh n Peet (NC) 8.10 ; Sc hu ster 8.00.

RegionS KANSAS STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR BOYS (S-A) Wichita South High School Br Jerry Wright RESULTS Team: Lawre nce (L) 142.45; To pek a (T) 133.73; Wichita South (WS) 130.43 ; Shawnee M ission' E. (SME ) 130.13; Sha w nee Mi ?sion W. (SMW) 127.75; Wichita North (WN) 108.88; W ichita Heights (W H) 107.33; Wichita West (WW) 98.92 . AA: Dan Copeland (T) 42.80; Tim Mack ie (SME ) 41.30; John Cop eland (T) 40.15 . V : Dan Row (L) 18.30; Sean Wi ll iams (L) 18.25; Rand y Renfro (SMW) 17.75. FX: Terr y Ebelin g (L) 17.40; Tom Laney (T) 17.10; Sea n Wi lli ams (L) 16.90. PH: Dav id Jamis (W H) 14.40; Kurt Schaake (L) 12.20; M ike Glove r (WS) 11 .70. HB: Terry Bl ack (WS); Mackie (SME) 16. 10; B. Copeland 15.90. PB: Da le Bahnmei er (L) 18.15; Les Kerr (L) 16.35; Roge r Howe ll (WS) 15.75 . R: Tom Lawson (T) 15.70; Ken Dunn (SMW ) 15.20; J. Copeland 14.75.

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KANSAS STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR GIRLS Wichita North High School By Jerry Wright RESULTS Team: Wi chita South (W S) 81.85; Wich it a Kapaun (WK) 80.60 ; Newton (N) 78.00 ; Sha wnee Missio n NW (SMNw) 74.55; Shawn ee Mission So uth (SMS) 73.05 ; Wellin gton (W) 69 .95; Topeka West (TW) 67.25; Shawn ee Miss io n W est (SMW) 67.90; W ichit a SE (WSE) 55.75. AA : D . A rm stro ng (WS) 32.90; D. Theno (SW N ) 31.25; T. Wri ght (WK) . V: Man son (SMS) 8.25; Wright 8. 10; To lbert (N) 8.00 . FX: A rm stron g 8.55 ; G ree n (N) 8.30 ; Sm ith (SMNw) 8.20. BB : Armstrong 8.55 ; Th eno 8.05 ; Harri so n (SMN) 7.75 . UPB: Wright 7.90; Armstro ng 7.85; Th e no 7.85.

* * * NORTH


This years championship mee t was ve ry unique, ther e we re twenty teams co mpeting in two classes. Twelve in Cla ss A and eight in Class B. Larim ore won th e Class B with 89.35, Edgel ey was second w ith 83 .25 and New Rockford was thi rd w ith 67 .05. In th e Cla ss A eii vis ion Dickinson High and Fargo South tied for first

GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74


both w ith 169.9. Thir d went to Minot Hi gh w ith '154 .295 and fourth to Jamestow n w ith 140.85. We have thr ee divisions in o ur state meet. Class III does the compulsory and each schoo l is limited to two gymnasts each in thi s divisio n. Class II does o pti onal routin es on ly and fi ve gymnas ts are all owed per sc h oo l. Th e class I d ivision also does opt ional ro utin es o nl y and the num ber per schoo l in un li mited. With all three classes th ere we re 120 gymnasts compe tin g. To compute the team sco res, we add the top f ive scores from each eve nt wh ich ma y come from any of the three divisions.

Dullum 6.4. UPB: Sue Sc haffer (Ed ge ley) 8. 25; Cyd Sm it h (jamestown) 7.7; Caole Ra ss mu sson (M in ot) 7.6 . BB: Baetz 6.4; Bett y Schemp (M inot-R ya n)6. 1S; Becky Rierson (MR) 5.85. FX : Marianne Weber (FS) 7.2; Lind a Sandford (Watford C) 6.5; D iane Marso n (M i not) 6.35.

RESULTS Class I (Optionals) AA; Robin Hu ebner (Di ck inson) 35.9; Meli ssa Henn ing (Fargo South) 35.7; Tracy Gunklemarl (Fa rgo So uth ) 34.3. V: Gun kleman 9.5 ; Henning 9.33; Hu ebner 9.23. UPB: Marcia U rban (FS) 8.5; Hu ebner 8.42; H ennin g 8.0. BB: Huebner 8.83; Greta Sjursen (D) 8.54; Henning 8.53. FX: Huebner 9.1; H en nin g 8.75; A nn Rasmusson (Minot) 8.73. Class II (Optionals) AA: Kath y I legre (Fa rgo Sou th ) 33.6; Nelda Lind sey (FS) 31.4; Greta Sjursen (D ickenson) 31.15. V: Hegre 9.0; Lin dsey 8.68; Marc ia Urba n (FS) 8.45. UPB: Hegre 9.2; Kari Hu ebner (D) 9.0; Karlin Jesperson (D) 8.95. BB: Lau rie Haunso n (D) 8.64; Camil le Wychanko (D) 8.5; Carla H intz (D) 7.85, FX: Kim Lupo (D) 8.73; Urb an 8.68; H uebne r 8.6. ~ - - . C lass III (Compulsories onl y) AA ; Carole Dullum (D icki nson ) 28 .85; Laurie Boetz (Fargo Sou t h) 25,6; MaryLou Vrann a (D) 25.3 . Y: Barb Larso n (D) 6.9; M ichele Bourdon (Fargo North) 6.6;

NEBRASKA STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONS HIPS FOR BOYS Nov. 30-Dec. 1, 1973 By Jer ry Wright RESULTS Team: Omaha Cre ighton (OC) 144.84; Lincoln SoEast (LSe) 142.65 ; Grand Island (G I) 141 .76; Oma ha NoWes t (ONw) 139.11 ; Li ncoln (L) 131.20; No rth Platt e ( P) 12S.D1 ; Mi llard (M) 124.19; Omaha So uth (OS) 120.85. AA: Larry Gerard (LS e); Jim Swoboda (OC); Gary Ba ld win (G I). FX: Gerard; Rex Redinoure (GI ); John Ha rtun g (OS). Y: Gerard ; ti e between Tom Vieyard (N P) and Swoboda. PH: M ike Cosg rove (Omaha Burke); Ji m Grant (LSe); Rick Traudt (L). HB: Gerard ; Riden oure; Bald w in. TR: Rick Hupfer (N P) Doug Negus (ON); Bob Ro th we ll (L). PB : Ge rard ; Ba ldw in ; Tom Langdon (O C). R: Gerard ; La ngdo n; Dan Gr iffit h (N P).

itegion 6 TEXAS HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS May 10-11, 1974 L.c. Anderson H.S., Austin The A ust i n Reagan G irl s won their firstSta te gym nastics cro wn in th e eight- yea r ex istence o f th e Texas Hi g h Schoo l Gym n astics Champion ship s, whil e San Ange lo Central High Sc hool d ethroned th e o nl y champi ons th e boys di vision has even known , edging perennia l fa vorit e Hurst L.D. Bell High School by a 275.35 282.35 margin in th e final sco res. In th e h ot ly co ntest ed girl s di vision th e Reaga n girl s edged five other tea ms closely bunc hed, with fith p lace L.D. Bell on ly 2.4 poin ts off th e w inn er's sco res. M i ke Wil so n of No rth Garland turn ed in another round of fin e p erformances to win th e A ll Around Gold for boys, w innin g four event s o utri ght and p lacin g i n the o t her two . Ange la Pannel o f Irvin g Hi gh won floor an d beam to take th e girl s all -arou nd go ld . Compu lso ry exercises we re j udged in a fr ida y afternoon sess ion and opt iona l ro utines w ere judge d Sa turd ay m o rnin g, determi ning tea m and all aro und sco res. In d ivid ua l events fin als o f the top six in each even t were pr esented' in a fina l sess io n Satu rda y even in g to a f ine crowd . The Texas High School Gym nast ics Coaches Assoc iati o n met twice during th e wee kend to chart th e co urse of th at organ iza ti o n fo r th e nex t yea r. BOYS RESULTS Team : San An ge lo Cen tral (SAC ) 282.35; Hurst Be ll (H B) 275.35; A ustin Reaga n (A R) 247.25. AA: M ik e W ilson (No rth Garland) 101 ] 0; Rau l D ea nd a (SAC) 95.70; Randy Hairsto n (HR ) 92 .35. FX: W ilso n 9. 15; Danny Mo rri s (HB) 8.25; Ma rk Knupp (H B) 8. 18. PH : Wil so n 8.00; Hairston 7.98 ; tie between Moffitt and Tad Bosti ck (Au stin A) 7.85. Y : W il so n 8.95; Deanda 8.56; Hairston 8.11. PB: Deanda 8.30; Moffitt 8.23; W il so n 7.90. R: Ricky Ag u irre (SAC) 8.93; Bart Gunte r (SAC) 8.45; Deanda 8.38. GIRLS RESULTS

Robin Hu eb ner, North Dakota AA champion


Team: Aust in Reaga n (A R) 170.95 ; San Ange lo Ce ntral (SAC) 170.05 ; San A nton io Ch u rch (SAC h) 169.60. AA: A nge la Pann ell (Irv in g) 61.90; Pam Wi lli ams (M id land Lee) 60.00; Sharo n Russe ll (SAC h) 59.05. BB: Pan nell ; She ll y Daiss (Odessa); Gi na Norma n (Hurst Bell ). Y: She rry John so n (Odessa PI; Jul ie Kahl er (Ft. Worth) ; Jalle t Moo re (M id land Lee). UPB : Ca ro l Bou li gny (SAC); Patty Sol is (Odessa); Susie Wi cker (Ft. W o rth ). FX: Pann ell ; Wi lli ams; Russe l l. (No sco res ava ilab le).

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74


MEXICO STATE HIGH CHAMPIONSHIPS March 2, 1974 Carlsbad, New Mexi co By Je rry Wright




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Team: Eldorado (E) 146.05; Carlsbad (C) 144.75; Los Alamos (LA ) 131.30; Hobbs (H) 120.85. AA: Kath y Cameron (E) 47.70; St ephani e Aho (C) 46.70; Carol Bren to n (LA) 44 .7 5. BB: Mari lyn Wi lson (E) 13.08; Cameron (E) 13.05; D ebb ie Co le (Godda rd ) 12.55. V: Brenton 12.90 ; Wil son 11.93; Pi ar Quadri (W. Mesa) 11 .90. UPB: Susan Donaldson (C) 15.53; Rachae l Hern andez (C) 12.20; Cameron 10.98. FX : Brenda Horn (Sandi a) 14.93; Donna Sant ill an ea (WM) 14.60; W ilson 14.55.

BOYS RESULTS Team: Albuq uerque Hi gh (A) 142.55; Eldo rado (E) 136.45; Clovis (C) 129.75; Lovington (L) 123.95. AA: Steve Ortiz (A) 102.35; Waldo Case rez (C) 92 .40; Larr y Barraza (E) 88.45. FX: Ottiz 18. 15; Trey Curl (E) 16.20; Bob McDowell . (E) 15. 15. PH: Ortiz 16.08; Grier Pete rson (A) 12.13; St eve Va rgas (A) 11 .68. R: Ortiz 16.60; Caserez 15.33; Barraza 14 .30. V: Ortiz 8.63; Curl 8.38; Barraza 8.35. PB: Ortiz 18.63 ; Caserez 16.85 ; Barraza 16.23. HB: Ort iz 14.43; Cu rl 14.33; Barraza 14.20.

itegion7 COLORADO

HIGH CHAMPIONSHIPS May 10-11, 1974 University of Denver


The 1974 bo y's high school gym n ast ics meet was held at the University of Denve r on May 10 and 11. Th ere were 12 tea ms and 25 indi viduals who qualifi ed from their distri ct meet th e previo us week. Friday's competit ion determin ed th e all aro und champio n, the top thr ee tea ms, an d th e top eight in dividual s w ho wou ld co mpete in the final s. Th e top th ree team s we re Cherr y Creek 308.56, A uro ra Central 293.09, and W estm i ni ster with 289.39. Th e al l- aro und was won by Randy G ru bb from Wasson wit h a to tal o f 48. 25 followed b y Mike D eWi tt w ith 47.90. Out standing ro utin es we re perf o rm ed on seve ral pieces of apparatus: Bob Ro bbins from Th omas o n FX , Chuck. Wiggi ns of Au rora Centra l o n PH, Bob Boggs from Aurora Centra l on HB, Dan D eWitt fro m Cherry Creek on PB, and Steve Kinn ett fro m Cherry Cree k o n R. D an D eWitt sco r ed hi ghest sco re of th e meet w ith a prelimin ary score of 9.05 and fin al sco re of 9.10 on PB . RESULTS AA: Randy Grubb (Wasson ) 48.25 ; M ik e DeWitt (C herry Creek) 47.90; Jo hn Swoltney (Co ron ado) 47.10. V: Mike Booth (W estmini ster) 17.65; M ik e D eWitt 17.55; Greg Forney (No rthg le nn ) 17.30. FX : Bob Robbin s (T. Jefferso n ) 18.1 5; M . D eWitt 17.65 and Gregg Good rum (Bear Creek) 17.65. PH: Chuck Wiggi ns (A urora Ce ntral) 17.90; Dave Shimizu (W) 15.20; Terry Hood (W) 15.00. HB: Boggs 17.70; H erb Irvin (AC) 16.65; Da ve Ma rtin o (M it c hell ) 16.65. PB: Dan DeWitt (Cherry Creek) 18. 15; Jon Gwa ltn ey (Co ronado) 17.80; M. DeWitt 17. 05. R: Steve Kinn ett (C he rr y Creek) 17.85; Jeff Gu t knecht (AC) 17.00; Ri ck Hal l (Ra num ) 16.70.

* * * COLORADO HIGH SCHOOL CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR GIRLS Nov e mber 17, 1973 Mitchell High School, Colorado Springs By Shirley Snyder

Angela Pannell, Texas AA champion

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

Bear Creek ' s Rut h Dohner bettered her 66.70 sco re of last year tall ying 68.30 in retainin~her AA title in th e elite di visio n whi le L"; sa Hofsess o f Den ve r South cap tured AA laurels in th e


open di v ision. Miss Dohner took 1sts on BB, FX, and UPB while teammate Marcia Curre y nabbed the V event tit le. No team poi n ts were comp il ed , but Bear Creek 's gymnasts dominated the v ictory stand. I n addit ion to 3 of the fi rst 4 e lite AA fin ishers an d 2 of the top 4 in th e ope n category, the Bears took 4 fi rsts, 2 seconds, 3 t hi rds, a fourth , 4 f ifths, and a sixth in the individua l events. Gi rl s from 15 sc h ools won medals in the i nd iv id ual even t s. T h e meet ran smooth ly eno u gh but remains somewhat of an e n du ran ce test for the specta tors w ith abo u t 5 h o u rs eac h on comp ul sories and optiona ls. The finals , co n cluded in 2V2 hours, were more favorab ly rece ived by t h e specta t o rs. RESULTS Elite Division AA : Ruth Doh ner, (Bea r Creek) 68.30; Jill Kn aub (Kenned y) 63.40 ; Mickey Shull (Bear Cree k) 63.05 ; Marcia Curre y (Bear Creek) 62.40; Va l Ross (Wasson) 60.65; M iche le Trid le (H ighland) 60.50. BB : Ruth Do hner 24.65; Mickey Shull 23.80; Ji ll Knaub 23.40; Kr is Hedberg (Fairview) 22.80; Marcia Currey 22.75; Jenny Payton (Adams City ) 22.55. V: Marcia Currey 25.85; Ruth Do hner, 25.00; Kath y Kelle y (Wasso n) 24.50; Val Ross 24.25 ; Michele Tridle 24. 15; Ti e between Di ane Gribble (Go lden) and Jill Knaub 23.60. FX : Ruth Dohner, 26.65; Jill Knaub 25.70; Mickey Shu ll, 25.15 ; Je nny Payton, 24.75; Va l Ross 24.05 ; Tina Wink ler (Fort Co lli ns ) 24.00. UPB: Ruth Dohner 26. 25; Jill Knaub 24.70; Mickey Shull 24.35; Missy Moore (Lakewood) 23.55; Jackie Bart ley (Wasson ) 23.40; Jenny Payton 23.30. Open Division AA: Lisa Hofsess (Denver South ) 57.20; Jenn y Gibbs (Pueblo Central) 56.80 ; Kath lee n Holmes (Bear Cree k) 56.20; Leigh Sa unders (Bear Creek) 55.80; La u ren Mu ll ineaux, (Wheat Ridge ) 55 .55; Eve Rhineh art (Pueblo South ) 55.40. BB : Kathl een Holmes 22.65; Li sa Hofsess 22.55; Marylou Cooper (Bear Creek) 22.10; Cind y Schoo l (Westm inster) 22.00; Tie bet wee n Leigh Saunders and Chris Turowski (Adams City) 21.40. V: Carol Hancock (Lak ewood) 25.10; Tami Jury (Wa sson ) 24.05; Su sa n Davis (Wasso n) 23.45; Lisa Hofsess 23.15; Beth Burgeson (Bear Creek) 23.10; Eve Rhineh art (Pu eblo South) 22.85. FX: Li sa Hofsess 23.80; Carol Hancock (Lakewood) 23.05; Tam i Jury 22.80; Cyndi e Anschutz (Brighton) 22.35; Kathleen Holmes 22.25; Tie betwee n Bet h Burgeson (Bear Creek) and Jenn y Gibbs 22.00. UPB: Li z Ridd le (Ada ms Cit y) 22.55; Tie between Karen Perkin s (Wasson) and Monica Perkin s (Westminster) 21.95; Sue Davis 21.40; Michelle Mosely (Wa sson) 21.25; Lynn Wr ightson (Whea t Ridge) 21.10.



G I RLS HIGH SCHOOL CHAM PIONSHIPS May 3-4, 1974 Co conino H .S., Flagstaff, Arizona By liz Wennet

W ins low H ig h Schoo l G ymna st ic Team , h as been f ive ti me A .A. state ch amps and two time A .A. ru nner- up. This year, the State meet was held at Flagstaff, Arizona. Can yon D e l Oro took f irst with a score of 167.40 points, and Wins low . was runner - up with 15 7.40. Mari Faucher of Winslow wo n the allarou nd ; she also took first s in va u lting, uneve n bars, and f loor exercise. Laura Ch amber s of Winslow took third on the b alance b ea m. In the all -around competition, Win slow had three gi rl s out of seven pla c i ng for all -around: First, Mari Fauch er, Fourth p lace, Laur a Chambers and Fifth p lace for all-around went to Juli e Sche id. RESULTS Tea m: Can yon Del Oro (COO) 167.40; Winslow (W) 157.40; Coco nino (C) 135.15; Holb rook (H) 131.00; Flowing Well s (FW) 126.90; Chini e (CH ) 92.65. AA: Mari Faucher (W) 58.60; Lisa Sa laza r (C OO) 52.20; Ren ee Crockett (C) 51.55. V: Faucher 15.80; Carol Peterson (COO ) 15.20; Beck y Roes (H) 14.45. BB: Nancy Jon es (COO ) 14.40; Crockett 13.70; Laura Ch ambers (W) 13.60. UPB: Fau cher 14.75; Ma ry Bauer (CO O ) 14.45; Jean ni e Burkh am (C OO) 13.20. FX: Fau cher 15.85; Chambers 15.70; Pam Wo lfe 15.64.

*\ * *

MONTANA STATE HIGH SCHOOL CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR BOYS Billin gs Se nior Hi gh, Billin gs, Montan a By G eorg e Grossi

T h e two day meet found Bill ing s Senior re peat ing as State Champ ions with sol id pe r fo rmances in all events . Th e Broncs scored 112.25 in opt iona ls the first night and 134.90 on the n ew ly revised compulsor ies to out d istance c ross tow n riva l Bi lli ngs West 247. 15 to 239.50 . Th e A ll -Aro un d was wo n by Jeff Ars tead of Ka lispe ll w ho led h is team to a th ird pl ace f in ish. Be rni e Lew is of Billin gs Sen io r was t he o nl y two eve n t w inner tak i ng bot h PB and Va u lt ing. RESULTS FX: Jim Knudtson (Bi ll ings West) 16.225. PH : Tim Dopp (Ka lispe ll ) 15.575. R: Pat Nielson (Ka lispell ) 16.525. V: Bernie Lewis (B ill ings Senior) 17.25. PB: Bern ie Lewis (Billi ngs Senior) 14.625. HB: Mike Couch (Ka li spell ) 17.025.


Bernie Lewis, Montana P-Ba, and Vault champion GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74



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itegion 8 OREGON STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS By Jerry Wright Th e champion ships were held just after Thanksgiv ing ca using the attendance to be off a littl e on t he preliminari es, but it was good for th e finals. Jim Kelch of Church il l wo n the al l around and 5 indi vidual events whil e Cind y Wack er of th e Dall es wo n th e girl's all -around and al1 4 event s. Churchi ll won the team t it le for th e first time wh il e the Dall es kept up their w in ning streak o n th e girl 's sid e. Some of the Orego n coac hes feel th e fall sea son hurts the sport and wou ld lik e to see the meet moved ba ck to t he ~ prin g .

M eridian , M iddleton, New Pl ym o uth , Tw in WASHINGTON STATE HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS Fall s, and Snake Ri ve r. One hundred fi fty CHAMPIONSHIPS eight gymna sts competed w ith 346 rout in es. M a rch 1-2, 1974 Th e eve ning sess ion was devo ted to th e 106 Bellevue Community College opt ional rou tin es - an in dicatio n of th e By Sue Whitn e y t remendo us gro w th o f gymna st ics during th e past yea r. Th e stat e m epl was uniqu e in tw o Th e top teams from each of th e 3 sta te respeus: 1) eac h gymnas t had to qua li fy by reg ions co mp eted fo r tea m tit les, scored by p lac ing 1st, 2nd or 3rd in a previo u s mee t, adding th e AA eve nts plu s tumbling and preferabl y a di stri ct m ee t and 2) th e m ee t t rampo lin e in both co mpul sory and opt ional included optiona l routin es of hi gh qualit y fo r competit io n. In hi gh school co mpetition, the th e first yea r co mpet in g op ti o nals. The stat e gi rl s ma y wo rk indiv idu al events wi thou t also in vi tation al meet wi ll be held Ma rch 21, 1975,a t work i ng all-around. Borah Hi gh Sc hoo l, Bo ise. See you th ere! Among th e outstand in g performa nces in the RESULTS ind ividua l event s w ere those of Pat Korbein , AA Compulsory ; Adv: Patty Beye rs (Moscow) 18.30; Wend y Warren , Sall y Quinb y, and Carri Nancy Wheatl ey (Capita l) 17.85. Int: Mela nie William s Peterso n on FX; Wendy Wa rren , Teri Lannigan, (Ca pital ) 31.60; Jan Ca rpenter (Highland ) 24. 00 ; Lesli e Janet Sm ith , and Laur ie Bremer o n th e beam; La rso n (Va lli vue) 19.55. Beg : Traci M ouseti s (Boi se) 25.95; Cath erin e Brady (Twi n Fal ls) 25.75; Lorind a Nan Yasutake, Carri Pete rson, Laurie Bremer, and W end y Warren o n Va ul t; and on th e Yamamoto (Va llivue) 23.60. Compu lsory UPB; Adv: Les ie Bastian (Cap ital); Int: Ma ry A nn He rin g (Mt. un even bars, W e ndy Warren, Sue G ri ffit h, H ome); Beg: Ca therin e Brady (TF). Compo BB; Adv: Janet Sm ith , Becky Boy lan , and Lynn Osborn . In Beyers; Int: Will aims; Beg: Kathy Ristram (Hi ghl and). tumblin g, stro ng p erformances we re turned in Compo V; Adv: Becky Brown (Borah); Int: Ba stian ; by Teri Fl eming, Lauri e Brem er, Li sa DenAd el, dli Cy W hea t ley Beg: Mou se ti s. Compo FX; Adv: and Carri Pet erso n, w hil e top t rampo lini sts (Cap ital); Int: Kell y Wat kin s (Ca pital ); Beg: Mouse ti s. were Jamie Ness, P. Cassidy, Holl y Hilton, and Optio nal BB; Adv: Beyers; Int: Teri Bell (Moscow); Barb Baker. Beg: Wi Doi (Va lli vue). Opt. UPB; Adv: Bastian ; Int: Jea nn e Swan so n (Moscow); Beg: Jani e Woods (Boise). Opt. V; Adv : T. Thornburg (Ca p it al); Int: Beyers; Beg: Brown. Opt. FX; Adv : Wheatley; Int: Su e Hawk (Moscow); Beg: Mousetis.

RESULTS Final Team Standings: Sehome, Issaqua h, Ingl emoo r, Bell evue, Sammam ish, Hazen, Ri chl and , Shoreline, Ferris, Cascade, Rossevelt, Sha ld e Park, Renton. AA: Wendy Warre n (Iss) 69.33; Pat Korbein (In gl emoo r) 65.25 ; Carri Pete rson (Iss) 63.73 ; Janet , ~ Smith (Sehom e) 63.68; and Teri Fleming (Hazen) 63 .55 .

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Team: Kent Merid ian 145.51; Bot hell In glemoore 141.15; Highline 139.83. AA: Tim Wagner (Ingl emoo re) 42.50; Kevin By li n (K. Me ri dian) 42.35 ; ~ John Trowbridge (Me rce r Island ) 41.40. V: Eric Dupar § (Both ell ) 8.65; John Huffman (Hi ghlin e) 8.50; Gerhard ~ Carlso n (Inglemoor e) 8.55. FX: Kev in Byl in 8.25; Keith ;' Hol e man (Issaq uah) 7.85; Gerhard Ca rl son 7.60. PH: Ma tt Baisch (Hi gh lin e) 7.60 ; Doug Hagen (K. Merid ian) 6. 15; Joh n Hi lber (Wilso n ) 6.20. HB: Kevin Bylin 8.80; John Trowbridge 7.80; Bob Thome (Newpo rt ) 7.85. PB: Frank Rabino vit ch (Nathan H ale) 7.30; Paul Fletcher (West Seatt le) 7.20; Joe l Baker (N athan Hale) 7.20; Keith H olema n 7.00. R: Bob Thom e 8.20; Carl H eussy (Na th an H ale) 8.00; Gerhard Ca rl so n 7.25. Tr: Art Ne il so n (Samma mi sh) 7.40; Kevin By lin 7.25; Ne il Ba sye (Bothell ) 7.05.


BOYS RESULTS Team: Church ill (C H) 134.38; So uth ~ug e n e (SE) 120.84 ; Pa rkr ose (P) 11 6.78 ; Dav id Do uglas (DO ) 11 2.82; McNary (McN) 11 2.24; Grant (G) 109.24; Wilso n (W) 91.93; South Albany (SA) 91 .05. AA: Jim Kelch (C H) 50.00; Doug Gravatt (C H) 39.05; Ma rk W illiams (P) 37.95. V: Kelch 8.675; Will iams 8.4 ; Gary Kath (G ) 8.40. PH: Kelch 7.675 ; Sta n Dough ert y (SE) 6.975 ; Mike Fede rl e (S hel) 6.075. PB: Kelch 8.70; D ave Pri ce (DO) 7.375; Rob Barn es (P) 6.90. FX: Kelch 8.75 ; Pat Boy le (P) 8.50; Jeff Leavett (KF ) 8.15. HB: Kelch 8.85 ; Williams 7.75; Za ne Somme rs (CH) 6.875. R: Gravatt 8.175; Ke lch 7.825; Scott Herna nd ez 7.25. GIRLS RESULTS Team : Da ll es (D) 90.40; Hill sboro (H) 88.65 ; Dav id Doug las (DO) 85.75; Sheldon (Shel ) 83.43; So uth Euge ne (SE).82.45; Wilson 78.53 ; Cresce nt Val ley (CV) 78.37; M edford (M ) 76.55 ; Red mond (R) 71.70. AA: Cind y Wacker (D) 31.40; Vicki Brat li e (H) 28.40; Karo lyn Wolds (H) 28.20. BB: Wacker 7. 175; Na ncy Kunkl e (Adams) 6.925 ; Roch ell e Jo nes (W) 6.725. UPB: Wack er 8.175; Wold s 7.475; Math a Leslie (C I) 7.40. FX: Wacker 7.925 ; Jen if er Sellman (DO) 7.625; Cres lyn Drum m (Jack) 7.575. V: W ac ker 8.375; Sel lman 8. 175; Marth a W atson (J ack) 7.975.


IDAHO INVITATIONAL GYMNASTIC MEET FOR GIRLS March 22, 1974 Boise High School Report by D. J. O strander Eightee n schoo ls were represented at th e State In vi tation al Gymnastic m eet. Severa l schoo ls were repr ese nt ed for t he first time:

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74


*** FAR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA FINALS AND OPENS Report by Becky McCurley Th e Miners won th e Hi gh Sch oo l co mpet ition besting runn er-up Yreka 94 .72 85. 13. In the open co mp et iti o n (open to all gymnasts not compet i ng on university tea m) the Miners sco red 94.72 aga inst a total of 81.88 for all ot her competitors. Tim Dempsey w o n al l- around high sc hoo l troph y, co mpiling 23.66 po i nts, winning th e vau ltin g event, finishi ng second in the floor ex ercise, third in th e high har, and sixth in th e st ill ring s. The open s are upen to any gym nas t th at is not presently co mpetin g o n any uni ve rsity o r col lege team, and we had many gym nasts tu rn o ut for th e m eet. Yreka Hi gh School over t he past yea rs has proven ab le to ho ld their own w ith any team o n



the west coast. Ma ny of th e former gymnasts of Yreka are now competing for uni ve rsiti es and colleges across the nation. This is their 14th year sin ce starting gymnastics under the supervision of Coach Ed Loudon, and this is their 9th straight yea r to win the fin al and opens. The team consisted of 4 sen iors, 7 juniors, with the rest being made up of soph omores and freshmen . Again Yreka High has had a tough sc hed ul e, as they trave led up and down the state for their competition . They met the top teams that can be found for their schedule. RESULTS High School Finals FX: Max Schollerman (Yreka), Tim Dempsey (Yr), Leon Meixner (Yr.). HH: Dan Hawk (Eureka), Steve Christopher (Yr), Jim Vance (Eu). PH: Vance , Phil McCabe (Eu), Hawk . PH: Ron Thom (Yr), David Dyer (Yr), Mark Sanderson (Eu). V: Dempsey, Th om, Hawk. R: Vance, Tom Dougherty (Yr), Hawk. No. Calif. Open FX: Larry Hanhorn (Utt) Schollerman (Y r), Dempsey (Yr). HH: Chri stopher, Tim Coonrod (Utt) Dempsey. PH: Doug Rowe (SOC), Robert Wright (SOC), Randy Nelson (SOC). PH: Thom, Dyer, Nelson. V: Rowe, Dempsey, Thom. R: Jerry Rice (SOC) Dougherty, Coonrod.

Yreka H.S., Far Northern Calif. runners-up


CALIFORNIA BA Y CHAMPIONSHIPS May 24-25, 1974 Ygnacio Valley By Jerry Wright


There is no California State High School Championships, instead there are four different meets that serve as final champi onsh ips for the wide sp read areas. In the far north the Yreka and Ureka areas have their meet in the more central area or BA Y area there are some 30 centra ll y located schools that have their own finals, in the so uth (o r Los Angeles) area there are two meets the south ClF meet and the Los Angeles City meet (these last two meets are now ha v ing a playoff between the two). Th e schoo ls in the Northern Calif. (or Bay Area) use the AAU Junio r Olympic Compulsory exercises for th e 15-1 8 age group and foll ow the NCAA rules (3 scores count for team score, olympi c o rd er of events, l-C, 5-B, 4-A routines, etc.) The area has produced Tom Weeden curren t standout at Univ. Ca lifornia, Matt Holm-cur rently at West Point, and Paul Moyerformer NCAA National Champ at So. Illinois. In the finals Kelly Harmon of Ygnacio Va lley High was basically the star of the meet in sp ite of the fact that Tim D elmar, Sal Padoni , and Steve Meek picked up co nsid erab le ground in the last few weeks of the season. Kelly is reportedly thinking of accepting a scholarship to Louisana State U. and Steve Meek is heading for West Point. There were very few big tricks in th e meet as ,the area coac h es tend to str ess basic gymnastics and try to push technique (as evidenced by their use of compu lsory exercises) but Kelly Harmon (who is act uall y a transfe r from the Illinois High School area) used a double flyaway o n the HB, a russian on PH and stutz han dstand on PB. Ken Happersett was very impressive on the PH and th ere were two Tsuka hara's on Vaulting and many double sa ito's from SR. RESULTS Team: Ygnacio Valley (YV) 277 .10; Capuchino (C) 270.55; Skyline (5) 223. 15; Endna (E) 217.45 . AA: Kelly Harmon (YV) 101.65; Tim Delmar (Mt. Diablo) 94.65; 24

Sa l Padoni (Santa Clara) 94.25 . FX : Delm ar 17.15; Hgrmon 17.15; Padoni 17.00. PH : Ken Happersett (YV) 16.65; Charles Chase (Mt. Diablo) 16.00; Bob Parmels (C) 15.65. R: Harmon 17.90; Delmar 17.05; Doug Azefedo (YV) 16.90. V: Delmar 17.25; Harmon 17.20; Steve Kikuchi (Clayton Valley) 17. 10. PH: Harmon 17.60; Denni s Chase (Mt. Diablo) 16.65; Bruce Heller (San Mateo) 15.40.


CI.F. GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS May 18, 1974 Millikan High School, Long Beach Report by Bill Price

The 1974 C I.F. gym nastic champ ionships was the most exciting high schoo l meet I have ever w itn essed. Never have I seen two teams so close, so cond iti oned, and so psyched up that tension on ly seemed to add fuel to each performance, fo r all routines were w ithout mistakes, and the gymnasts d id an outstanding job performing under trem endous pressure. There were twelve teams who mJde the finals. On the route to the finals W est minster, Orange County representative , defeated Jordan and South Hill s for the right to advance to the champions hip p layoffs. Lakewood, Moore League representative, defea ted West Covina and Arroyo to advance to the top seeded spot. The stage was now set for the championshi"p d uel between defend in g champion Lakewood and Westmin ster. Both teams are regarded as titanics in the field of high school gymnastics here in Southern Cal ifornia. Westminster got off to a 1.30 lead on the lon g horse with a treme'ndou s doubl e somi e pe rformed by Bill Sear les (We) for a 9.2 average . The same Bill Searles ca m e back in floor exercise with another ster ling performance (RO, ff, high 1 Y2 Arabian p i ke, roll to stand;.RO , If, Arabian step out, st iff-stiff, RO, pik e side, to end w it h RO If, double twi ster for a 9.3 ave.). Keith Porrazzo, Lakewood , managed to keep Lakewood within range in floor exercise (RO, If, double full tw ist; return with front handspring to front layout somie, flex positi on press to hand stand; high side pike, to end with

RO, ff, fu ll twist for a 9.05 ave.) . After three eve nts Westm in ster led by 2.65. Lakewood came back to win th e bar (Porazzo: Stemme, immediate stalder, reach under va ult, straddle cu t catch , whip, to pirouette, immed iate front somie dismount for a 8.55 ave.). Paul Van Ruiten: (We) Stem me, pirouette va ult, kip to giant to und erhand hop, to pirou et te to doubl e twisting flyaway for an 8.2 ave.). Side horse was won by Lak ewood . Both teams ti ed on PB w ith 24.85 averages, so that goin g into the fina l eve nt, rings, Westminster was still leading Lakewood by 1. 25 points. W ith the crowd screa ming and clappin g on every performance it was hard to see how the performers cou ld co ncentrat e. With untold pressure bu ilding w ith every routine it came down to the final event and th e al l around. Dan Egan (La) final performer o n the rings scored an 8.9 dismounting to elec trifying app lause to be mobbed by hi s teammates. Westminster 's lead was now tr immed to .6 and the all around score of Frank Martin Lak ewood ' s outstand in g AA performer wit h an 8.1 average figured as the last event Lakewo od squeeked oLlt a narrow victor y by a mere .46. Such ended the closest meet in th e hi story of th e C I.F . The seniors at Lakewood knew how Westminster fe lt for o nl y two yea rs ago they lost the championship by only .7. I have seen hundreds of gymnastic meets but for excitement, crowd parti cipation and outstanding routines th is was th e ve ry best. A ll part icipants performed magnificen tly under fantast i c pressure. The crowd was know ledgeab le from a gymnastic standpoint and the ir app lause and ye lling never let up. The judges remained ca lm and did an exce ll ent job . I f all high sc hool meets were of this ca liber gy mna st ics would take tremendous sfrides in bei ng recog ni zed as an equa l w ith all sports. A well deserved sa lute t o both teams coaches Fred Marquez and Leon Crawford of Westm inster and Robert Kariger and Richard Flood of Lakewood for ha vin g such outstanding teams . RESULTS Team: Lakewood 152.875 (includes Martin 's 8.125 AA ave) Westminster 152.408 (i nclud es Va n Ruiten 's 7.108 AA ave).

GYMNAST Aug.j Sept. '74

Individual Finals (May 24, 1974) h eld at Westminster H.S. AA: Jim Taylor (Poly, Lon g Beach) 8.74 ave ; Frank Martin (Lakewood ) 8.09 ave; Steve ami (A lh ambra) 8.05 ave. FX: Bill Sea rl es (We) 9.45; Keith Porrazzo (La ) 9.25; Jim Tay lor (Pol y) 9.05 ; HB : Taylor 8.85; Jeff Colburn (Sou th Hill s) 8.7; Pau l Van Ruiten (We) 8.70. Y: Searles9.25; Porrazzo 8.70; Bud Frotan (So uth Hill s) 8.5 ; R: Jim York (W ilso n) 8.95; Tay lor8.80; AI Garcia (EI Rancho) 8.65. PB: Taylor 8.80; Ma rtin 8.65 ; Porra zzo 8.60. PH : Martin 8.65; Tay lor 8.50; Wade Seymore (We) 8.20.

HAWAII GYMNASTICS ASSOCIATION CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR GIRLS March 23, 1974 McKinley High School, Honolulu Meet Director: Ralph Arthur

** * lOS ANGElES CITY CHAMPIONSHIPS Team Competition at CSU Northridge Individual competiton at CSU los Angeles By Jerry Wright Venice defeated Monroe for the third straight yea r in the Los Angeles City team gymnastics final , 156.68 to 153.29. Raul Rodas of Lincoln who finished 2nd last yea r captured the AA title with a 50.15 tot al.

RESUL TS AA: Raul Roda s (Lin col n 8.35 ave; Alvaro Miranda (Lincoln ) 7.95 ave; Axberg (Monroe) 7.45 ave. Y: Da vis (Carson) 9.0 ; Rodas 8.90; Axberg 8.85. FX: Otomo (Venice) 9.00; Robertson (Ve ni ce) 8.90; Ma li s (Mon roe) 8.85. PH: tie between Takemoto (V) and Tom (U ni ve rsit y High) 8.30; Rodgers (Ca rson) 7.75. HB: Cooley (V) 8.85; Axberg 8.75; Gonza les (Monroe) 8.65. PB : Levi (Monroe) 8.80; Roda s 8.70; Resn ick (Granada Hill s) 8.45. R: Rasnick (Venice) 9.35; Politz (Grant ) 8.75; tie between Hanby (Chatsworth) and Levi 8.70.

Mal! Walker, Hawaii free ex champion (age 15-18)

Jay Kauka, Hawaii AA champion (age 15-18)

HAWAII GYMNASTICS ASSOCIATION CHAMPIONSHIPS FOR BOYS March 1-2, 1974 University of Hawaii By Dick Criley Compe tition s were held in 3 age divisions using the USGF intermediate compulsories and NCAA compu lsor ies plus optionals. 24 boys competed in the lower two divisions representing 4 schoo ls and clubs and 8 men in the se nior division. To qualify for the competit ion a gymnast had to have placed in the top 5 in a previous H . G. A. open meet. Since the meet was held sepa rat ely from the girls compet iti on, it went quite smoothly, but the cro wd was also sma ll er. Despite a smaller turnout, the general ca liber of routin es was better for the gymnasts' having had anoth er year's expe ri ence. Gymnastics is still you ng in Hawaii and there we re only 3 or 4 boys compet in g who were se ni ors in high school. Rick Mashler (Sr div) was awarded th e Jack Bonham Memorial Cup for gymnastic excell ence. RESUL TS 14 & under: AA: Jeff Chung (Iolani) 78.20; Adam A rm strong (Kokokah i Gym Team) 55.23. FX: Chung 14.75; Dan Margu li es (Punahou) 14.35; Paul Chun (Kamehameha) 13.25. PH: Chung 11.15; Armstrong 6.20; Rand y Ngum (Kam) 5.20. R: Chung 12.45; Terry A nth ony (KGT) 10.61; Armst rong 9.48. Y: Chung 16.95 ; Margulies 15.33; Norman Kauahi (Kam) 13.02. PB: Chung 11 .55; Armstrong 6.70. HB: Chung 11.35; Ngum 9.30; Armstrong 8.70. 15-18: AA: Ja y Kauka (Kamehameha) 83.55; Philip Swain (Kam) 79.55; Robin Uyes hiro (Io lani ) 79.00. FX: Matt Walker (Punahou) 15.70; J. Kauka 15.45; Dean Kauka (Kam) 13.45. PH: Dave Marchette (KGT) 13.05; Paul Kosasa (101) 12.60; Kelii Akina (Kam) 12.40. R: Swa in 14.21 ; Uyes hiro 14.03; D. Kauka 13.13; Y: Swain 17.13; J. Kauka 16.56; Wa lker 16.46. PB : J. Kauka 13.66; Uyeshiro 13.46; Marchette 13.21. HB: tie between J. Kauka and Swa in 13.90 ; Kosasa 13.05. Senior: AA: Rick Mashle r (KGT) 83.12; Gary Stamieson (Centra l Y) 77.39; Gene Carranza (U ni v. Hawaii) 65.60. FX: Mashler 17.10; Carranza 14.35; Stamiesen 13.95. PH : Stamiesen 10.70; Carranza 7.60; Kelley Phillips (UH) 4.40. R: Mash ler 16.46; Stamiesen 11.45; Mark Young (KGT) 11.13. Y: Stamiesen 16.28; Dave Marold (CY) 15.95 ; Mashler 15.41. PB : Stamiesen 12.46; Mashler 12.05; Carranza 11.63. HB: Mashler 17.20; Stam iese n 12.55 ; Marold 12.00.

GYMNAST Aug./Sepl. '74

In a USGF-sanctioned competition including only AA gymnasts, the HGA Championships for girls was run in a marathon of 8V2 hours in one day. Previously scheduled for 2 days, the meet was condensed when the gymnasium was doublebooked the second day. 38 girls took part in 3 age group~ using USGF classes I, II , and III. A complicati ng factor was a league c hampion sh ip held the night before, so some top gymnasts did not take part. Kamehameha 's Petra Lau dominated the Class I competition in 15 & older division winning the AA and 3 events. Punahou 's Lisa Ashford won the 12-14 Class I AA title and 2 events. The largest number of competitors was in the Class II 12-14 age division . This was won by Kamehameha ' s Maureen Bourke while the older age division was won by Tyler Dacey of Punahou . RESULTS Class I AA: 15 & over: Petra Lau (Kamehameha) 62.23 ; Kayla Hopkins (Kam) 60.92; Leanne Ranne (Kam) 56.68. 12-14: Li sa Ashford (Punahou ) 59.19; Donna Ma-Il (Pun) 56.69; Gigi Vivas (pun) 56.14. FX: 15& over: Lau 16.60; Ranne 15.72; Hopkins 15.67. 12-14: Vivas 16.77; Mah 16.55 ; Bonnie Wong (Pun) 16.17. UPB: 15 & over: Lau 15.80; Hopkin s 15.24; Loretta Chai (Kam) 14.77. 12-14: Ashford 15.83; Mah 14.50; Wong 12.47. BB: 15 & over: Lau 14.60; Hopkins 14.23; Ranne 13.94. 12-14: Vivas 16.17; Mah 13.66; Ashford 13.27. Y: 15 & over: Hopkins 15.78; Lau 15.23; Chai 12.98. ' 12-14: Ashford 14.27; Vivas 13.60; Wong 12.15. Class II AA: 15 & over: Tyler Dacey (Pun) 54 .11 ; Sue Ball (Kokoka hi Gym Team) 53.86; Birdie Muchette (KGT) 49.90. 12-14: Maureen Bourke (Kam) 58.30; Diane ,Boyd (KG T) 56.36; Renee Kvidera (Pun) 55.04. Y: 15 & over: Ball 14.37; Dacey 13.75; Muchette 12.57. 1214: Bourke 13.88; Boyd13.15; tie between Barbara Ball (KGT) and Kvidera 12.97. BB: 15 & over: Ball 11 .97; Da cey 11.53; Muchette 10.20. 12-14: Kvidera 14.27; Bourke 13.20; Ball 13.20. UPB: 15 & over: Dacey 14.00; Ball 13.10; Muchette 11.90. 12-14: Boyd 14.53; tie between Gay Balding (Pun) and Bourke 14.40. FX: 15 & over: Muchette 15.23; Dacey 14.83; Ball 14.42. 12-14: Bourke 16.82; Sheryl Ha xton (Pun) 15.85; Boyd 15.55.

Gigi V:~s, Hawaii Class I free ex champion (age 12-14)



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Order From: (








LA NETT CALV I N Secti on 3 -




High Schools Association P.O. Box 98 Elgin, Illinois 60120

DOLORE S PA U LSON Section 5 -



GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74

197 5

CB Spokane, Washington by Minot Simons II Spok ane, W as hington, has to be co nside red one of the lucki est o f citi es. Fo r si x con secutive ni ghts, jul y 1st thro ug h 6t h, res id ents and Expo v isitors cou Id trea t th emse lves to a feas t of gy mn as ti cs as to p Sov iet and Ame ri ca n gymn asts put on ex hibiti o ns at th e Wo rld 's Fair Co li se um. Th e Soviet d elega ti o n in cl ud ed : Ol ga Ko rbut an d two up- and -co min g yo ung girl s, Liudmila Savina and Li d ia Gorb ik; N i kola i A ndri anov and his tea m ma tes, Vik to r Klim en ko and Vladimir Sc hukin ; and thr ee m od ern gymnasts, W orld Champi o n Gal in a Shu gu rova , j anneta Vasiura, and A li a Zas ukhin a. Th e U nited St ates was rep resented b y An n Ca rr, D iane Dunbar, D ebbi e Fi ke, Ky le Gay n er, Ro xa nne Pi e rce, and Nancy Thi es. In addi ti o n, GYMNAST Aug./Se pt. '74

th ree girl s wh o w er e not in the top si x after the last elite m ee t paid th eir own way out to Spo kane to get the ex perience of participating in international exhibition before a nightly audi ence o f nea rl y 8,000 peop le. These were : j o di Yo cum, Kath y Ho wa rd , and Barbie Mys lak. j anette And erson also came out at her own ex p ense but was un abl e to participate d u e to injuri es. Notab ly abse nt, of course, was j oanie Ri ce, w ho had a pr ev io us commitment. Finall y, t he lone A m erica n m an was Tom Weeden, who dese rves much c redit fo r holding up the side aga in st th e b es t of th e So viet men. M uri el Grossfe ld, coach of the U.S. Nationa l Tea m, coac hed th e girls during their dai ly trai nin g sess io ns at Spokane Communit y Coll ege; ass igned eve nts; and assist ed the girl s d uring th e eve ning p erformances. H elping her

were jim Gault of the Diabl o Gym Club, Bill Strauss of the Parkettes, jessie Arnold of t he HiLo Twisters, and A rt Maddox, pianistaccom pani st, from the Natrona l Academy of Artistic Gymnastics. Murie l and j esse pri marily worked on perfecting f loor exercise routines whi le Jim and Bill coac hed the girlson barsand va ult. Art Maddox p layed the piano for severa l hours o f practice every day and then played for some of the gi rl s at the even in g' s performance. Natural ly, Olga Korbut was the main attraction that drew those thousands of people fr o m all over th e co untry. O lga did not d isappoint her fans. She sm il ed and waved and autographed hundreds of programs. She performed her back lay-o ut standi n g on the bar to recatch the hi gh bar and then w rap aro und the low bar; and, as usual , thi s feat was 27

accompanied by th e poppin g of fl ashb ul bs all over th e co liseum . On the bea m, she p erformed her back so mi and then a new trick: fol lowin g a stag handsta nd, she lowe rs herse lf o nto the beam so th at in her final pose, h er chin and ches t are on th e beam, her legs are tog ether pointin g fo rward, an d her back is tightly arched. In vaulti ng, she did not sh ow us anyt hing new on t he firs t three nig ht s. On th e fourth and subseq uent ni ght s, however, she destroyed ou r co mpla ce ncy w ith a va ult th at includ ed a full turn in pr e-fli ght and a handsprin g with a half turn off. Her execution was flawles s two out of the three ni ght s she did it but she lost her ba lance on land in g one night and touched th e f loor with her hand. Th e on ly disappo intment t o O lga fans, thi s o ne in clud ed, was th at she did no t p erfo rm floor exercise on any of the nights. In spite of thi s, Olga li ved up to expecta ti o ns. To most of th e audience, howeve r, the bi g su rpri se of th e even in g was th e Ame ri can girl s. I don ' t think many of th e peop le in th e audi ence were aware that we had such good wo men gymnasts ; as the y fo und o ut, they ce rtainl y came alive in the ex press ion of their app reciat io n. Starring o n th e beam we re Kyle Gayner, Kathy Howa rd , Nancy Thi es, and Jody Yocum. Our girl s showed p recisio n and co ntrol right from th e b eginnin g but got eve n b ett er during th e wee k as th eir dail y training sess ions and

nightl y performan ces began to show their effects. Only O lga 's back somm ie exceeded in diffic ulty the m aneuve rs our girls p erformed. For th e rest, as audi ences we re delighted to discove r, o ur g irl s pe rfo rm ed ro utines th at were every bit the ma tc h of th e Soviets '. In fact, on her rece nt trip to th e Soviet Un ion, Kyle Gayner took seco nd place in the ba lance beam during th e Riga In v itational. In va ulting, th e audi ence parti cul arl y lik ed Roxa nne Pierce' s hand spring with v.; turn on and v.; turn off; Barbie Myslak 's hand sp rin g on with a forward so mmi e off; Ann Ca rr' s ya mas hita ; Kathy H owa rd ' s and D ebb ie Fike 's yamas hita with Y2 turn off; and Di ane Dunbar' s ya mas hita w it h a full turn off. On th e uneve ns, Roxa nn e Pi erce, Debbi e Fike, Di ane Dunbar, an d Ann Carr turned .in flawl ess performances th at deli ghted the crowd and drew we ll -deserved ap pl ause. Most of these gi rl s, incide ntall y, have rece ntl y return ed from international mee ts. With Kyle Gayn er in th e " Moscow News" and Riga In vitational M ee ts we re Debbi e Fik e and Nancy Thi es. Debbi e and Nancy were also in th e South Africa Cup m ee t, wh ich Debbi e won. Diane Dunbar parti cipated in the Fren ch In vitati ona l Meet at Antibes, and Ann Carr was in the Go lde n Sand s Invitati onal Meet in Varna , Bul ga ria. Kathy Howa rd was Ann 's tea mm ate at Varn a.

Tom Weeden Of co urs e, th e f loor exercise drew frequent and prolonged applause, for all performers; and all our girl s did floor exercise at least o nce. If there was o ne eve nt of the even in g, howeve r, w here an appl ause m eter would have peaked , it w as Diane Dunbar' s floor-ex. Created b y Muriel Grossfeld and Jim Gau lt and se t to th e

USA & USSR Teams: U.S. Flagbearer: Janette Anderson, Muriel Grossleld, Roxanne Pierce, Kyle Gayner, Debbie Fike, Nancy Thies, Diane Dunbar, AnnCarr, Renald Knysh Zasukhina, Galina Shugurova, Ludmila Savina, Lidia Gorbik, Olga Korbu(, USSR Flagbearer: Marina Kozyreva.


GYMNAST Aug./ Sepl. '74

mu sic of " Superca li fragili sti cexp ialid oc io u s" , her routin e never drags, never see ms repetiti o us, is full of fun , and always sparkl es with the charm and tal ent of th is girl wh o rece ntly took seco nd pla ce in th e USGF Nat ionals at Carbonda le, Illin o is. Fittin glY, at th e Frenc h In vit~tiona l Meet in Antibe s las t May, Dian e won a special award in floor ~ exercise for being most origina l. 搂 Our lo ne American male gym nast, Tom 0 Weeden , rotated events during th e week but ~ al ways looked good al ongside the i5 powerh ouses of the Sov iet Union who were hi s demonstra tion s of an art form new to most of opposite numbers . The aud ience was mo st us. It would not surprise m e if th eir respon sive to his o ri gina l an d we ll-performed performanc es at Expo kindled a spark of floor exe rcise, but h e also looked good on enthu siasm for m o dern rh ythmi c gymnastics in pomm el horse and parall el bar s. Mikhail th e United States . W o rld Champ ion Gal ina Klimenko, Soviet men 's coac h, spotted To m fo r Shugu ro va as to und ed audi ences w ith her wo rk rings and hori zo ntal bar. Th en the two of th em wi th th e hoop to t he mu sic o f " Ma laguena " ; enga ged in a friendly co ntes t that greatly she was enchantin g in her bal l routin e set to enterta in ed the crowd to see who cou ld do the mu sic that began w ith th e ref rain from " Love most handstand pre sses on the parallel bars. Story" . Al ia Zas ukhina drew almost co nstant Tom did about twenty but Mikhail did twenty app lause in a ribb on dance to the musi c of five. On the la st night, h e d id alm ost thirty. The " Flight of th e Bumble Bee" and later did crowd was amaz ingl y enthu siastic abo ut thi s exquisite hoo p wo rk to an adapt lon of d emon stration of pure strength. Nevertheless " Tarantella " by Li sz t. Jann eta Vasiura had a ball it was fun and I think Tom made some good rout in e to " Modern Ja zz" by Errol Garner and fri end s amo ng the Sovi et men. used music from "Ca rm en" by Bi ze t in her Thr ee of the Sov iet girls at Expo who have ribbon dance. recent ly participated in th eir own World Th e overa ll a tmo sph ere of th e路 Championships were th e Moder n Rh ythmi c demon stration s was o ne of. wa rmth and Gymna sts. Th ey delighted audi en ces w ith fri end ship. Exce pt when it go t to be too much (USSR Womens coach), Mikhail Klimenko (Men's coach), Nikolai Andrianov (in white pants), Tom Weeden,

GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74

for th em, th e Sov iets were mo st ge nerou s in "their w illi ngness to autograph anyth in g from prog rams to litt le scra p s of paper. It was indeed gra tifying also to see crowds of people surrou ndin g our own girl s and ask in g fo r au tog rap hs. Tom Weeden ' s was in grea t demand. Our gy mnasts d eserve praise for t h eir wi lli ngness to stay around half an hour o r mo re after th e mee t to accommod ate the fans. Thi s week 's m arat ho n of gymn astics has been of great ben efit to o ur gymnasts. Th ey ha ve performed alo ngside top Sov iet gymn as ts; th ey have performed befo re a large audi ence every ni ght; and th ey have train ed toge th er as a team wit h so me o f o ur best coac h es. It may we ll ha ve given us a good star t toward th e World Championsh ips.

Vladimir Schukin, Viktor Kiime nko, janneta Vasiura,



GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74




. ::! :E












GYMNAST Aug./ Sepl. '74


TWO NEW SOVIET GIRLS ON THE SCENE By Minot Simons At Expo, two yo ung Soviet girls m ade their first appearance in Am eri ca. Here are biographical sketches o n each of them.

Liudmila Savina Age: 16 H eigh t: 5' 1Yz" We ight~ 95 Ibs.

Liud~i l a- attends a seco ndar y school and be longs to a sport society in Minsk, Bye lo Ru ss ia, USSR. H er coac h is Lu bov Miroma nova, an hon ored coac h of Bye lo Russia. She has been a gymnast fo r fi ve yea rs. In 1971, she parti cipated in the Junior Na ti onal Champions hips of th e Sportakiade of Peoples of th e USSR. Thi s is th e grea test sports co mpetit ion in th e USSR and is held eve ry four yea rs. It is di vided into se ni o r and juni or age groups. In th e jun io r group, Liudm il a p laced fourth all around. 36

In 1972, she took first p lace in a compe titi o n held in Min sk b etw een Soviet and Poli sh gymn asts. She ha s also won three oth er loca l, junior co mp etiti o ns. In 1974, she p laced third all aro un d in the Riga Invitationa l Cup meet ; she p laced third in both floor exercise and balance beam . Liudmil a li k es all events but especiall y enjo ys floor exe rcise and the un eve ns. Her floor exe rcise ro utin e is se t to boogie-woog ie mu sic. H er uneve ns rout in e includ es a fu ll twist on th e high bar and a forward somersa ult betwee n the bars, regra sping the hi gh bar . She has an o lder sister and yo un ge r brother . H er brother has ju st begun gym n astics; her parent s are not in vo lved in gymn as tics. Liudmil a lik es both rock an d class ica l mu sic, d epending o n he r mood. She lik es to read Tol stoy and en joys c hem istry and Soviet hi story. She is stud yin g Engli sh. She lik es to coo k. In her spare tim e she lik es sw immin g and vo ll ey bal l and to watch figureskating. GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74

Lidia Gorbik A ge: 15 H eight : 5' W' Weight: 8W2 Ibs. Lidi a att ends a seco ndary school and b elongs to a sport socie ty in Minsk, Bye lo Ru ss ia, USSR. (Not the sa me o ne as Liudmil a Sav in a). H e r coa ch is Viktor H omut ov, an ho nored coac h of the Sov iet U nion. Sh e has been a gymnast sin ce she was ten. Lidi a did not p arti cip ate in th e 1971 Sportakiad e but ha s pl aced we ll in seve ral Junior Games co mp etiti o ns, meets in vo lving man y gy mnas ts f rom o th er part s of th e Soviet U nion. In major int ern ational co mpetitions, sh e won the 1974 Riga In vitational Cup Meet. In this m ee t, she wo n floor exe rcise and pl aced seco nd in uneve n bar s and va ulting. She says she likes th e une ve ns bes t, but at Expo h er bea m routin e w as particu larly well received. Her floor exe rcise ro utine is set to the mu sica l th em e from th e Sov iet fi lm " Fratk yn " . At sc hool , she lik es chemi stry and physics. She ha s had two yea rs of En gli sh. She lik es t o cook and to read th e science writings of Al exa nd er Belj aev. She has thr ee sisters and one brother, but she is the only gymnast in he r family. Editor's Note: it is antic ipated that we wil l be fea turin g photos and stori es on our lea ding A meri can gymnas ts in th e O ctobe r issue.

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74


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3: Mrs. Renee P. Hendershott 17605 Fries Avenue Lakewood. Ohio 44107

news 'n notes New Format for Olympics To lim it the number of Gymn asts who will tak e part in these games fol lo ws: a. Team Event: 12 tea ms for men , 12 teams for women, each composed of 6 gymnasts and one reserve. (I n addition, 4 groups of individual gymnasts for men and women, each group composed of six participants.) b. Indi vidual Combined Event: Maximum of 3 entries per country for men and women who have been entered in the team event under (a) c. Individual Apparatus Event: Max imum of 2 entries per country for men and women w ho have been entered in the team event under (a) FIG Rating Procedure Mrs. Jacki e Fie, Chairman, USGF-WTC Jun e 23, 1974 According to what we have read in the past, once a judge has earned her FIG National rating and has successful ly judged an " official " international meet, she can obtain her ''' Brevet'' . However, the process is much more complicated than it might appear on the surface. In the first p lace, it is not such a simple matter to obtai n the true FIG National rating. Mrs. Jackie Fie, Cha irm an of our USGF Women ' s Technical Comm ittee explains how the system works: " The FIG has a series of courses: 1. Interconti nental couse is highest of all the courses. Onl y two delegates per country may attend one of these courses: 2. Continental courses are conducted allover the world in var ious languages depend in g on the region. There were about seven conducted in the last two years. We conducted the Englishspeaking one in Toronto, Canada. Again , yo u are limited as to the number who may attend from each country. 3. National course is the next level. (One wil l be given in Washington D.C. this summer by m yse lf with two Breveted Judges to ass ist, Miss Valley and Miss Patoile. This is a National course run under the approval and auspi ces of the FIG.) This is the first time we have been given the au t hority to give a National course. Prior to that, we had to have someone from the FIG. If you wi ll remember, we had Madame Nagy from Hungary. When she came, she did a


Nat ional course. She didn 't conduct an In ternational course. They were Nationa l courses because they were in our country and only our country was in volved. - The course that is coming up is a National course. No one that takes that course, eve n if th ey do ve ry well on the exa m, wi ll be put 'on the FIG official li st of judges. Only 10 people are allowed on that li st from our co untry. Those are th e people who ha ve FIG Na tional ratings acco rdi ng to the FIG. In thi s country, we now have eleven people on the li st, and eight of them have the Brevet. We are supposed to be able to have 10 on the list w ithout the Brevet , but we cannot add to th e li st until 1976. At that time, we will be adding ano th er seve n names in order to mak e up for the 7 vaca ncies created by awarding of Brevets. We already know who five or six of th ese names are go ing to be, because they are peopl e who deserve to be th ere. Their names have al read y been sent in to the FIG . Th ere is only on e (two at the most) space open on the official li st. Those people are the people that ca n judge internationa l official meets at home arid abroad. Anybody else who takes this co urse in Washington wi ll be tested in the same manner that th ey would be tested by the FIG. The same sco re sheets wi ll be used that are used by the I ntern at ional Federat ion for all courses way up to the Int erco ntin enta l cou rses. All th e results of those w ho satisfacto ril y passed will be sent to the FIG and w ill be fil ed w ith them. This is an in active file , but it is a fil e that th ey do keep . They do not cons ider these peop le as being eleg ibl e to jud ge official int ernat ional competitions. These peopl e, if they do take the course w ill accomplish these things in our country for us: 1. They will be certified to judge the Elite compulsories in this country. This type of cert ification is not done thru the USGF / DGWS system. They ma y be, therefore, selected to judge the regional Elite competitions and possibl y the Regional PreQualification Meets where the Elite compulsories are used . 2. Th ey w ill be avai lable to judge, when designated, international competit ions that are unofficial, if there happens to be one within their area. (Those whic h do not pa y the tax to the FIG are not official matches between two count ri es .) 3. They will , in the future, be among those people who will be considered to go further. (So me of th e limited number of persons who can go o n to the Continenta l co urses). At the present time there is no way that we can have fifty from our country who have international rat ings who ca n go all over the world. The FIG WTC does not accept that principle. Th ere is no way that we can get more than 10 officia l judges from our country on the FIG Official list. Th at is the rule of the FIG . Those people who are on the li st have Breve ts or FIG Nat iona l ratings. No one else has what we rea lly call an FIG National rating (even if they have successfu ll y completed a Cont in ental or National course). On the Official List are: Jackie Fie, Ernie Wea ver, Delene Darst, Karen Patoile, Sharon Pirkl, Gail Da vis, Sharon Va ll ey, Erna Wachte l, Greta Treiber, Sharon Weber, Dale Flansaas. These ladi es have the secondary rating, or whatever th e FIG design ates this leve l of accomp li shment: They don ' t have a Brevet, aren 't on the official intern ational li st, and are not li sted in th e FIG handbook as having an FIG National rating. Yet we know these people have taken nationa l and con tinental courses and have performed ve ry success full y. Th ey are

ve ry knowledgeable judges. We conside r them in th is country as having FIG National ratings, but the FIG does not cons ider them as having the FIG National ratings. I do not want to underestimate the va lue of the course in Washington , but wa nt all concerned to understand that there is no way that we can ente r thirt y or fourty more judge s as FIG Nationa l judges, officially registered with th e FIG. We reall y do w ish to certify these peop le, and this is our way of certify i ng them national in our eyes. Th ey w ill by availab le to judge unoffi cia l international meets at home. They will be asked to judge th e El ite compu lsories on a regional basis ... probabl y not on a national basis . It remains to be seen, beca use there are certain c riteria th at will be set up by different national o rgan ization s requ est in g certain levels of cert ifi ed judge s to judge certai n levels of compet ition. Judges th at are on the FIG li st and those who have taken co ntinental cou rses over and above national courses w ill be reco mmended to judge Elite Competitions. All judges who have taken such courses (In tercontinental and National) wil l be ca tego riz ed into 5 groups and ce rtain g roups will b e des ignated to judge certain co mpetition s on a se niority basis. " publication dates New USGFj DGWS National Compulsory routines for girls ... September 75'. (I have heard that they will st ill be on loop fi Ims. This is very unfortunate. The cost is prohibitive. It wou ld be so nice to ha ve th em availab le on Super 8 film. Money doesn't grow on trees!) New Rules and Policies for Competition (w hi ch we expected much ear lier this yea r) should be availab le in Sep. or Oct. ' 74. A MUST WHEN IT DOES COME OUT. New Code of Points ... aiming for after the World Games in 1974 (but it w ill have to be trans lated ... takes time). Some Interesting New Developments in Women's judging rules โ€ข.. internationally used The FIG WTC reported in February, 1974 prov isions "in prospect for the artistic gymnastics World Championships to be held in 1974." As id e from the other vau ltin g rules we have heard about: " In the framework of a team, only six vau lts out of twelve can be the same. If seven vau lts or more are the same, the penalty applied w ill be that of the Code of Points. " " Penalty for landing on' the floor in vaulting and other events : a. Fall 1.00 point b. Distinct support w ith one or the two hands 1.00 point c. Touching the floor with one or two hands 0.50 point d. Fall on the knees 0.50 point e. Touching the appa ratus with the body after landing on the floor 0.50 point f. Th e same mistakes committed dur in g the f loor exercise wi ll penalized in the same manner. NOTE: It wou ld be my ed u cated guess that if they are going to use these simpler rules (s impler for both gymnast and judge) internationally ... we will use them in USA. It would also be my guess that .. . since these rules have not been disc ussed in any USGF publication that: 1. They are not on the USGF / DGWS Test 2. They are noLbeing used at under national level competition at all yet. 3. Forget these rules... just be aware that th ey are coming. GYMNAST Aug.jSept. '74

Training For Strength

SICKLE FOOT.... Ulcer Maker for the Dancing Judge by Renee P. Hendershott

(Co ntributed by Hard y Fi n k to jun e 74 FIG Bulletin) " On e of th e m os t poorl y und erstood forms of act ivity , even amon g professiona l body build ers, is that of progressive heavy resistance exercise. The impo rtant prin ci ples are often neg lect ed beca use th ey appear to co ntrad ict one ' s ex pectati o ns o r beca use th ey require t he athl ete to tolerate so m e discomfort. Probab ly th e most im portant and most un comfo rtabl e princi pl e in stre ngth training is th e " O ve rload Principl e" . Thi s princip le d emands th at fo r each exe rcise i n a stre ngth workout, one mu st go to th e limit of one 's perfo rmance capacity . Thi s that one sho uld go to the point of fai lure of the co ntract il e p owe r of th e mu sc le no t o nl y to th e point of failure of wi ll power. Th e res istan ce sh o uld be q uite high to en sure early fai lure. Th e ev id ence sugges ts that a 30 repititi on max imum (30 RM m ea n s th at failure will occ ur with that pa rti cul ar res istan ce o n th e 30th repetiti o n) o r abo ut 1/ 3 of one 's m ax imum po ss ib le ex press io n o f st rengt h is th e minimum resistan ce that w ill in duce a training (imp rovement) stimulu s. As th e RM 's (repetition m ax imum s) d ecrease (ie. th e resista nce i ncreases) th e trai nin g stimulu s wi ll in crease. A 1 RM provid es the max imum stimulu s. Th e evid e nce is so mewhat inconclu sive but it appea rs th at a 4-10 RM pr od uces best results. An adva nce d perso n will need a peri odic 1 RM. In each workout o n e should do 2-3 sets of 4-10 w ith on ly a short p eriod (30 seconds o r so) b etw ee n sets and do thi s at mosi 3 times per week . An ad va nced worker shou ld probably red u ce t hi s to 2 times per week (ie. trai n less as yo u adva nce). Thi s seemin g infrequ ency of training is extremely impo rt ant. It is precisely less work in terms of qu ant ity and mo re work in ter ms of intensit y (quali ty) that is req uired. Th e tra ining effect occ u rs during th e res t period betwee n wo rk o uts. Th e m o re concentrated th e stress, th e m o re r ecove ry tim e is needed and t herefore the adva nced wo rk er shoul d reduce hi s frequency of train in g. A few other points need be made. For th e full deve lo pment of a mu scle group's pot enti al it is imperati ve that o ne p erform each exe rcise thro u gh the full ran ge of mot io n of th e j o int. To fulfill this requireme nt may require so me inn ova tion on th e part o f th e perfo rm er for so m e exercises. Performing strength exercises thro u gh th e full ra nge o f motion develops f lex ibil ity (very desira bl e in gy mna sti cs) at the sa me tim e as st ren gth .

Subject in photographs is Miss Holly Harris of the Bodnar Bell World of Gymnastics

If yo ur judge has a horrified look on her face as yo u d o yo ur floor exe rcis e, it might be th at

Tara more pjeasing line point yo ur foo t in back of yo u on t he floor:

Now, sit on th e floor with your legs stretched ' out in front of yo u.

This is what your feet look like when they are sickling .....

Look at your feet from behind. If your pointed foot looks like this .....

Hot off the press .... 1975 PAN AMERICAN COMPULSORIES for Women and Men 50<\: GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74

you have a simpl e case of the " sickle-foot " . The cure is simpl e .. . no special exerc ises to do ... just THINK! It is a m att er of becoming awa re that you have the problem. ju st take a look in the mirror. po a scale.

push the HEEL more forward toward the heel of the standing foot .... stretch the toes back more

... to get the feel of the correct position for your foot, press YOUr heels and calves together.

After you ha ve th e " feel " , put your feet in all sorts of position s, ie. extend to front, attitudes, extended to sid e, pointing in different directions . Be sure you m ai ntain that " feel " that th e toes are pushing toward the outer part ' of th e ankle. Now that you understand what this is, th ere is NO EXCUSE for yo u to ever sickle your fee t again .. .. so BEWARE .. . HERE COME THE JUDGE!

With descriptions of each move, typical faults, and deductions. Accompanied by accurate sequence drawings.


Send your orde r, w ith 50<1: ea., to:

. ~ .

U.S. Gymnastics Federation P.O. Box 4699 Tucson, Arizona 85717


Recognizing Superior Difficulty on Uneven Bars By Renee P. Hendershott Upon carefu l study of the med ium and superior moves li sted in the women ' s Code, you w ill begin to see some ex istin g generalities which ca n be used as rules for remembering and recog nizing su peri or difficultiy on uneve n bars. A. Any move where you " hop" from the LB to the HB is medium. a. Exa mples: 1. Eagle catch 2. (As mount on ly) G lid e on LB straddle cut ca tch th e HB . 3. (D u ring th e routin e on ly) G lid e on LB kip ca tc h the HB. b. Exceptions : 1. LB facing out... glide ... double leg shoo!. .. straddle cut catc h the HB (If yo u wil l note rul e C .. this may be the reason ... becau se there is some turning on the hori zo ntal ax is while in the air) 2. If you catch the HB in a V2 inverted hang, this is also a superior (probab ly due to rule C) (see tigure 1.) B. You will notice many other exception s to rule A when you co nsider rule B: Any time you do a 360 0 turn in mid-air around your ve rti ca l axis before you catch a bar, o r during a mount or dismount, yo u have a superior move. a. Exa mples: 1. Kip hop w ith full turn. 2. Stand on LB grasping HB ... jump to straddle on HB ... J/4 back stradd le sole circle to thrust under HB with V, turn rotate on LB ... 360 0 twist. b. Exceptions: 1. From front support on HB facing in ... angle jump over th e LB with V2 turn (but could be superior becaus e of rule E)

y, inverted hang

nearing completion of kip


2. Fr o m a stand o n th e LB ... jump forward over the HB (legs straddled ) V2 turn ... ca tch the HB. 3. Front support on HB (facin g out) back hip circle ... flank over th e HB with a V2 turn ca tc h the HB to a hang on HB: Note: similarity in 2 and 3 ... in eac h case the gymnast so mehow pa sses over the HB before she does th e V2 turn catch . C Anytim e you do a so mersault type move ment from b ar to bar or as a dismount (must originate from the hands) this is su perior. (The turn does not have to be a full one . It ma y be a partial turn around yo ur hori zo ntal axis in mid-air) 1. Exa mples: a. Double leg kip up to HB ... cast to stradd le on HB ... J/4 back so le circle on HB to let go and catch LB. If yo u will notice, during th e catch, the body did rotate on its H-axis a littl e wa y. (See fi gure.2.) b. Reverse Kip o n HB, re lease to ca tch LB (See figu re 3 ) D. Hock swi ng are superior whenever yo u are in mid-air and catch th e LB with yo ur knees without a prev ious handgra sp. 1. Exampl e : a. From HB .. . cast to back hip circle LB Y2 turn to a hang by knees ... turn backwards . (See figure 4 ) E. Any time yo u pass backward from HB over LB to a catch on LB or dismount to a stand this is superior. 1. Examples: a. Mount: Squat va ult ove r LB ca tch HB stradd le back over LB ca tch LB glide kip . b. Sit o n HB facin g away from LB, sw in g ba ck to Y2 inve rted hang and stradd le cut off over LB to stand . c. Back hip circle on HB (facing LB ) V2



Fig. 3

Fig. 4

During the drop the body again has rotated mid-aid on is H-axis


turn mid-ai r ... d ism o unt over LB to stand (Hecht with V2 turn) By making a half turn yo u pa ssed backward over the LB. F. Anytime yo u arrive in a han dstand from a forward mov in g element around the bar such as a kip , front hip circ le, or so le circle, this is superio r. A lso is yo u arri ve in a handstand after hav in g completed a free ba ck hip circle yo, or so le circl e, this is superior. A lso if yo u arrive in a hand stand after ha ving completed a fre e back hip circl e yo u also have a superior ... so we might even restate this rule to say ... any time yo u arri ve in a hand stand d irectly from a circlin g movement yo u have a superior move. G. A free ba ck hip circ le ending in a free front support on HB or LB (hips off ba r in a cas t that cou ld enab le yo u to go into another move such as " pass legs strad dl ed over that bar to L-hold, or strad dle on the bar to so le circle position " ) or ju st into a long hang on th e HB. Ho Any hand sta nd on the HB I. Aside from th e expectat ion s to th e rules alrea dy li sted above there are a few stragglers left : 1. Vau lt to hand stand on LB as a mount.. . or dur ing routine ... co ntrolled handstand on LB (pg. 44 Med . #4 now changed to Sup.) Glide LB straddle cut catch LB 30 Mount: Glide LB rear kip to sit on LB 4. Uprise 5. Jump stradd le back over the HB, catch H B... drop glide (with out the drop glide this is medium) 6. The two dismounts where you kip from th e nec k off th e HB 7. Any hec ht from HB 8. Hecht w ith on ly Y2 twi st from LB (ru le E.) 9. Kip from long hang on HB facing LB with legs together 10. Rear kip from long hang on HB 11. Glid e - rea r k ip low bar as mount on ly.


let go

come out of rotate

180 0 turn no hands (as if you are going for a hecht with y, twist)

catch at knees

GYMNAST Aug.j Sepl. '74







First Beat Part 1


(See pictures 1,2,3) This beat begins on the ba ck side of the bar and is characterised by a low leg position and a sli ght piking act ion of the body.

First Beat Part II

By Bill Roetzheim

This month I will discuss a sk ill ve ry se ld om used by high school gymnasts, the " hecht dismount. " Although the pictoral sequence from a techni ca l viewpoint ma y lack sharpness and composition, their abi lit y to analyze thi s trick leaves littl e to be desired.

The Giant The giant before the first beat sho uld be fairly fast, though not out of contro l. The bod y should be stretched and th e hea d in the neutral position. Arms should be straight throughout the who le stunt.

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

(See pictures 4, 5, 6) The second part of the first beat is the most im po rtant part of the who le trick. It begins with the arms and shoulders leading the body over the bar at about a 30 degree ang le from the neutral. The gymnast then quic kl y stretches hi s body in order for hi s lower body to catch up with his arms. Although th e gymnast in this picture has a slight arch in his back during this phase, you mu st endeavor to stretch the body as straig ht and as extended as possible. It so metimes helps to think about pushing the bar away during thi s portion of th e trick. This extended position must be held for a long period of time. The gymnast, when fir st lea rning thi s tri ck, w ill prob ab ly break hi s straight bod y position too soo n. The body should be straight until 15 degrees before his lowes t neutral point.



Second Beat The secon d beat is started by a slight pike of the gymnast' s body (picture 7). This part of the trick w ill vary from gymnast to gymnast. Some will pike ha rder tha n others. But in any case, the fir st bea t ends with this pike. This second beat . comes ve ry naturally if the first beat was exec uted properl y. The pike should be held for only a fraction of a second. The gymnast must now ex plode into an arch. Thi s is probably the mo st vigorous part of the stunt. The heels should be dri ve n upward and just as they get to the peak of the upward swin g the arms push the bar straight down . At the same time th e chest and head should be lifted upward. If th ere is one major thi ng to remembe r in performing thi s skill , I wou ld have to say it is th e late release. You must maintain hand contac t with the bar until the upward movement of the legs is expe nd ed or upon release the legs will con tinue to rise. Thi s front flip action is usually th e sign of an ea rl y release. (Author's note: I would like to thank Di ck Swetman w ho was of great assistance in writing this art icle,)


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For more informati o n w rit e: Hugo Sartorello S.G.c. ARIZONA TWISTERS 5028 N. Granite Reef Rd. Scottsdale, Arizona 85253 (602) 945-9308 42


Gymnastics was once upo n a tim e, a matte r of Darwinian Survival. Th e fittest re ached th e Ol ympi an heights, and th e rest of us fo ught it o ut tooth and nail , cl im bing around th e apparatus out in the swa mp s. Those guys with th e white hats, the o nes with th at "special so m ething" ca ll ed tal ent ju st seemed to pick up the tri cks ri ght and left . The rest of us had to work. We so ld swea t by the ga ll on to learn that first flip. And most of us co nstantl y ate, brea thed and lived th e question, How? How do th ose guys do it ? I m ean, do they ju st t hink positive, or were th ey born und er a luck y star, or are th ey tough er, ge nti ca ll y superior, more loya l, hon est o r tr ustwo rth y? Thi s was th e age of gymnastics Superstition , w hen we drank sticky gulps of honey before high sc hool meets, glugged prot ein powder and took laxa tives. When we had to ha ve o ur sp ecial shoes or numbered jersey or ou r girlfriend had to be here, or our parents co uldn ' t be th ere. We had to have th at spec ial p re·m eet meal and ge t ju st th e ri ght amount of sleep. But later, th e answ ers bega n to so me. We began to noti ce those guys we r e stronger than us. And later we might have seen that they were ofte n more supple. Th e most in sig ht ful of us might have even see n th at they seemed to d o routin es in practice occas io nall y, ju st to ke ep their hand in it, if yo u know w hat I mea n. And we found o ut that hav in g someo ne coac h and give feedback was a help. So our ever-present sea rch fo r the Bigger Tri ck and Grea ter Routin e took o n a new look -- we had Kn owledge. Th ere was a method to th eir d ivin e madn ess. And for aw hil e, if yo u worked flex ibility and strength and did man y repetitions and we re agressive and had som e " natural talent," yo u made out pretty well. Som e coach es had a few o rga ni za tion al tr icks over o th ers, and so m e college coac hes eve n began recruitin g. Some coaches rel ated we ll w ith the gymn asts and co uld in spire more energy in the gym . So things were pretty even. But th en, in its embryonic form, Biom ech ani cs entered t he picture. W e b ega n to look Ea st, sin ce th e Japanese see m ed to own the ballpark we we re playin g in. Some of us took H o ly Prilgrimages to gymnastics shrines lik e N ichid ai and Nitaidai and Wased a. And they had Secrets! First and foremost, th ey found that fanatici sm h elps. ' Overexe rtin g ce rtainl y pa id benefits. Doing gy mna st ics as a way of life, personal reli gion and base leve l Ground of Mean ing ce rtainl y paid dividend s. Working o ut absurdl y hard , through pain and agony and illn ess moved us . right along. But there was more. Th e Japan ese looked to precise mec hanics. Th ey paid att en tion to ex tension. Th ey chec ked what to do with all th e joints. They kn ew what it m ea nt to relax at the bottom of swin g, to change arou nd to up and d own. As the incomparable Gerald George might say, th ey found the most efficient way to " hang 'em high ."

Th ey ca ll ed it cor rectn ess. We ca lled it bas ics. And a se lect few lu cky o n es, ea rs open and eyes w ide, hear th e Word from pi lgrims who had be en There. Those who embodied th ese fundam entals, the se bas ics, co nvince d us w ith their arti stry . St eve Hu g was one of t he first. So some coac h es and gym nasts lea rn ed that if a handstand was r ea ll y st raight, it made man y o th er move ments eas ier. W e lea rn ed w hen to relax, w here to str etch and w hat mu scl e gro ups to t ighte n. A few ea rli er co ntributors w ere ex trem ely helpful. Katsuo Yamanaka in the Berkeley area , Sei Ito and so many oth ers I rememb er. And soon there was a cultural in flu x an d merging in gy mn astics, resulting in the arti stry today . We ' re fina ll y look ing good. We ' re hangin g 'em high. And in th e n ext 8 years or so, we' ll be o n par with the b est. What I' d like to propose is rea ll y si mple -- it's what might be ca ll ed the bas ics b ehind th e ba sics. It has to do w ith Balanci n g the Bod y, and enriching gy mn asti cs train in g by look in g at how we ca n in crease th e positiv e as p ec ts o f trainin g, and lessen th e negative aspects . Of th e pos iti ve aspec ts I n ee dn ' t say too much. We have all eith er obse rved or ex peri enced th e psycho logical develo pme nt of se lf di sc iplin e, dri ve , co ntro l, p erseveran ce , w ill , conce ntrat ion and such, co upl ed w ith physica l benef it s of coo rdin ation , strength, speed , stamina , endurance, suppl en ess and so fo rth. But w e need to take a look, perhaps, at how we can eliminate so m e of the nega tive aspects. A nd further, we ca n find how to cor rect th ese potenti al probl ems. These are th e b as ics beh ind th e basics. Pot e nti al p sycho log ica l problem s: Competition - compet iti on ma y ce rt ain ly b e a relati ve ly harm less way of organi zi ng our sense of stri vin g with goals of "w inning " ove r another tea m or in d ividual. Or it ca n be a co unterpr oduct ive state of mind, and ca n exist even in essent ially " non-compe titive " areas such as dance, mu sic, e tc. Compet ition can be a fri endl y challenge among fri end s, each se rv in g as an aid, st imulu s and in a se n se, teache r fo r th e oth er, o r it ca n b e a mea ns to separa te peopl e, to in crease interpersona l distance (as w hen a gy mnas t feels go od if "a co mpetito r" misses a routine ). Thi s encourageme nt of a " them " and " us" is n o t on ly illu so ry and artifi cial, but counte rp rod ucti ve to perso nal growt h. So one basic behin d the (mechan ica l) bas ics is to co ntinu all y do eac h meet as an ex erci se in closeness with the o th er teams, no matter w hat the "stak es " or th e leve l of competit io n. Thi s is more th an fo rmal " spo rtman ship. " It is a way of co mmunion .- a form of m editati o n. Also in th e psyc ho log ica l rea lm, is a sense of enjoyin g gymnastics. Not ju st enjoy in g good worko uts, o r new moves o r winning m eets. But fee ling good abo ut the proc ess of training, acceptin g th e down wo rkouts and th e d own meets and the slumps as part of th e pro cess -embody in g a sense of ca lm and peace and co ntinuit y to training, rat her th an a se n se of se lf-infli cted chastiseme nt if things don 't m eet o ur expecta ti o ns. (Th ey rar ely do, particu larl y in big meets) . Now thi s may be good ad vice and all well an d good, but how is much more diffi cult. Correcting psychologica l mi stakes is far mo re subt le, therefore far more difficult th an GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74

correcting mechani ca l errors. It must be done in a growing state of watchfulness and awareness of how our psyches work. And there are few more effective places to observe ourse lves and learn from those observations than in the gymnas ium. The way it wi ll work is this. First we may not see how we fall into a sense of " them " - " us" competitiveness or how we chastise ourse lves needlessl y for not li ving up to an ideal set ,of expectations. Later we ma y notice we ' re doing it, but not really know what to do about it. But eventua ll y, before it happen s, we see it and flow right on by. That ' s the leap . It only happens if you sense the importance of do in g such work . In the sense of relating to yo ur eve ryday li fe outs id e the gymnasium, such work is more i mportant than a few tricks. If you see this, yo u see it, and no more words are necessary. If you don ' t, yo u don't and no more words wi ll help. In summary, you can learn much more in the gym than gymnastics alone, if you look. Now, to the more ph ys ical area. If yo u ha ve a baby brother or sister, notice how strong he/ she is. If a baby takes your finger and holds on, it is difficult to escape their grasp! And try copying the move ments of an active l V2 or 2 year old. They wi ll exhaust yo u! Their secret? Babies are relaxed. They tense no more muscle fibers than is necessary to do the job. This is commonly practiced in man y martial arts, like T'ai Chi Ch ' uan or Aikido. Bab ies "k now" it. So do cats. A cat can be as leep one moment, entirely relaxed, leap up the next moment, then sit down right away totally rela xed. But as man grows oider, the mind imposes tensions on the bod y. We no longer mo ve d ifferent parts of our bodi es independentl y. We become disciplined , but our movements begin to lose the natura l grace of children. There are techniques, -l ike eurythmics, to re store thi s natural state. Gymnasts deve lop a specific kind of strength to do certain kinds of work. We also deve lop hard , " toned " mu scles. But a toned mu sc le is nothing more than a mu scle who 's fib res are in

a constant stat e of excitation -- th at is, eve n when we are " re laxed" a number of fibre s are firing. Thi s tak es energy, and it isn ' t needed so much of the time. Some studies done demonstrate that even doing sl,Jch wo rk as li fting a forkfull of food to ne' s mouth often takes much more energy than is necessary. So in doing gymnastics, w ma y think we know ho w to relax, and that we are building " health y bodies," but in man y ways , we' re putting tension s into our mu scles, and will lack real strength -- a kind of strength that aikido pract iti oners know. This is a kind of strength that can profoundl y help us later in life. This is by no means an indictment of gymnastics. But it is a suggestion to work anot her basic-behind-the-basics and after each workout, spend some time Balancing the Bod y. Spend a littl e time oiling and massag ing knots out of calves, (and w ith a friend ) the back, neck and other tight areas . Practice deep relaxation exercises (w hich can be demonstrated but are not as helpful w ritten down here) -- over summers, look into aikido or T'ai Chi. Mainly, begin to tune in to tensions yo u carry. This practice is not far out. It has sound and logical gymnastics releva nce. For explosive power, you rela x t he n tighten appropriate muscles quickl y . If your muscle is already half ten se d, yo ur explosive power is diminished . The greater the extremes of re laxation to contract ion the more power. And numerous studies ha ve shown that react ion time is qu icker w ith more relaxed mu scles. You ma y know a gymnast w ho works strength all the time, has " powerful " legs for examp le, with big tight muscles, but doesn 't seem to move fast enough or ha ve much spring. Now yo u kn ow why. Many gymnasts know how to tighten , but a few know how to rel ax. In learning th ese few psychological basicsbehind-th e-ba sics, yo u can not on ly steady the foundation of your gymna sti cs, but yo u can help yo ur gymn astics training to stead y the foundation of your life.





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opportunity. Rates.He 20(1 p er \vo ru for the fir sI25 wo rus ($5.00 minimum ) JlHj 10'1 101 each iluditional word . (A u s are acc ept ed JI the <Ji~( relioll oi the publisher ). Check or mone y order m u st JccompJlly copy JIlO be rCl:ei vcu prior to the closing dale ,

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Gymnostics-Competion or Art Form? by SIeve Hug Thi s paper is an att empt to an alyze and d escribe th e wo rk I h o p e w ill soo n co ntri b ute to social change in gymn as ti cs. Th e ways o f prac ti ce, teaching and p erfo rm an ce m us t be mo difi ed in ord er to improve th e exchange of energy amo ng pa rti cipant s includin g coac hes and jud ges, as we ll as gymn as ts and sp ec tators. A t th e prese nt tim e most o f th e pl aces ava il abl e fo r p racti ce are in th e hi gh schoo ls and co ll eges. If se parate in stituti o ns we re se t up o n a m o re p e rm an ent b as is, peo pl e w ho wa nt ed to pursue gy mn as ti cs as a way o f life wou ld b e abl e to p r<lcti ce w ith o ut th e required sch oo l wo rk and co ul d d evo te mo re tim e to gymn as ti cs . Th e estab li shm ent o f pri va te lea rnin g ce nters for gymn asti cs has already beg un. Usuall y th ese ce nt ers are designed w ith th e to tal emph as is o n gy mn as ti cs, howeve r in mos t cases th ese ce nt er prog ram s las t onl y a few d ays o r wee ks. Th e publi c sch ools sho uld be ava il abl e fo r ge n eral lea rnin g and o pen to all p eopl e int eres ted i n gy mn as ti cs w heth er th ey d esire to co mp ete o r n o t. Rega rdl ess o f th e tim e th ey w ish to spend th ey should be abl e to receive in st ruc ti o n. Th e athl eti c d epartm ent s, coac hes and ca pt ain s o ft en ove remph as ize comp etitio n fo r th e sc hoo l's victo ry rath er t han a sharin g o f wo rk and p erfo rman ce o f an art. Co nce ntration o n co mpetiti o n ge ts to th e p o in t w h ere hi gh sch o ol stud e nts are not allowed to pra cti ce at tim es o f th e yea r w h en th ey w ill not be comp etin g. Yo un g gy mn as ts are oft en forced to do thin gs th ey are no t rea d y to try, skippin g bas ics necessa ry fo r furth er lo ng te rm d evelopm ent, ca using man y injuri es. In m an y pl aces gymn as ts are ex p ected to comp ete every wee k o f th e season. I n pri va t e clubs th e same emph as is ca n be pl aced on achi eve ment fo r th e statu s of th e club or sc hool , but th ere is no pr essur e fro m hi gh er administrati o n who h ave no und erstan d ing of gy mn as ti cs. Gymnas ti cs is a fo rm of m edit ation like mo st art s. Ther e is a visual app ea l such as in a fin e film , paintin g, o r p hot o graph . The rh ythmi c qualities of th e mo ve m ents ca n b e ve ry, precise and often , if performed correctl y, Ciln b e as beautiful and rh ythmic as man y fo rm s o f mu sic. On e impo rtant asp ec t is lo st wh en an y art is pl aced on displ ay be fore it is rea d y. By prese ntin g a show th at is not rea d y, th ere is som e amount of rushin g and skippin g o f important ba sic thin gs th at are impo rt ant bo th for th e audi ences exp eri en ce and for th e growth o f th e participant. It is not pl easin g to look at technicall y po o r photo graph s eve n if th ey are taken at th e mo st beautiful place in th e w o;ld. M o re obvio us ho weve r, is th e pain and f ear in obse rvin g a gy mn as t perf o rm m oves he is no t read y to try. Fo r exa mpl e, two flip s off th e hori zo nt al bar be for e confid en ce ha s bee n gain ed to p erf o rm on e easil y. Imm ediately on e is aw are of th e d anger of att empting m oves befo re o ne is rea dy. Wh en on e start s to understand th e b eauty of rhythm and pe rfect bod y lin e gy mn as tics can di spl ay, it beco mes nea rl y as fru stratin g to see so m eo ne tryin g a tight , hun ched up circle on th e side horse as it is to see so meon e tr ying a d angerou s move . In

both cases th e gy mn as t is den yi ng him self t he und erstan din g and free d o m t ha t ca n be ga in ed from lo ng t erm ph ys ica l and m ental ma tu rit y and co ntro l of m ove men t. It see ms th at a n atural ph eno m eno n th at occ ur s i n many art fo rm s is impati ence in tryin g to un de rstand th e bas ic move m ents. When som eon e sees a grea t gy mn ast, mu sician o r any arti st, o ft en th e yo un g b eg inn er wa nts to beco me a m as ter ri ght away in stead of rea li zi ng th e joy that ca n be ga in ed fro m th e p rocess of lea rnin g it se lf. Th e joy of fee lin g grow th at t he tim e it tak es pl ace is mo re va lu abl e to me th an an y aft e rth o u g h ts of v i ctory or accom p li sh me nt s. Th e presen t sc hoo l sys tem gen erall y encou rages th is q ui ck lea rnin g fo r th e sake o f rank phil o so ph y. O nce a gym nas t beg in s prac ti ce and sh ows so m e poss ibilit y of achi ev in g so me thin g fo r a tea m sco re he is usuall y enco uraged to t'ry thin gs th at w ill be be neficia l fo r th e co mp etit io n nex t week . Thi s p racti ce ca n p ut a sto p to a pe rso n 's gym nas ti c d evelo pm ent and eve rl wa rp hi s atti tud e into uelievin g th e joy of gy mn as ti cs is hav in g a tro ph y o r so me award in stead of feelin g th e bo d y per l orm as a mu sica l p icture. On e int eres tin g fac t I have o bse rved is tha t many gym nas ts w ho j re recogn ize d as b ein g goo d , go to schoo ls b eca u se th ey are con virl ce u th aI th e gy mn as ti cs th ere is b est for th em. Aft er th ey graduate th eir bo di es should be co min g int o' a-h igh p hys ica l ma turit y, rea d y to ex p eri ence a few yea rs o f th e bes t gy mn as ti cs o f th eir li ves . A lth o ugh fin anciall y it is h ard to l ind tim e to co ntinu e gym nas ti cs after o ne gradu ates fro m co ll ege, it is p u zz lin g to see th at most 0 1 th e sa me gy mn asts d o no t co ntinu e gymnas ti cs aft er th ey gradu ate. On e p ro bl em w ith gym nas ti cs ap p reciation is in it s p rese ntati o n. Since n ea rl y all o pp o rtuniti es fo r gymnas ts to pu t o n a show are in compe t iti o ns, w h ere half o f th e tim e is ta ken up by sco rin g and awards, th e fee lin g o ne gets by wa tchin g th ese 1l1 ee ts is th at th e p u rpose is large ly a co nt es t o f w ho is be tt er th an w ho or w hat sc hoo l is go in g to w in . Th e gy m nas ts who parti ci pate are also put in th e posi ti o n w here mu ch im po rt ance is p laced o n scorin g an d victory. Thi s of co urse, d etrac ts fro m th e bea ut y o f gym nas ti cs as a presen tatio n of an art fo rm. I ho pe in th e fut u re less co mpe ti ti o ns w ill take pl ace w ith m o re em p has is o n ex h ib iti o ns and poss ibl y startin g so m ethin g si mi lar to th e

str uctural o rganizatio rl of a d an ce compa ny. II gymnasts co ul d be pa id for th eir wo r k in stea d of give n use less tr oph ies aft er the ir sc ho las ti c careers, th e be tt er gym nasts co ul d start to forge t w h o is the be st, and ga in an oppor tunit y to co nti nu e wo rk . The re are also drawbacks in p r ese rllin g gy mn ast ic s for fin an c ial ac hi evement. In th e p resent sys tem ma n y gy mn asts ge t tir ed of co m pet i rIg so much for th eir sc hoo l that befo re th eir physica l peak is reach ed th ey q u it gym rla sti cs, no t beca use th ey don' t li ke exe rcise , b ut becd use t hey hdve los t sigh t of t he n onco m pe titi ve va lu e o f th e d isc i p line. It is cons id ered fin e fo r st ude nts to co mp ete lor ribbo ns and troph ies, bu t aft e r gradua ti o n mo st feel i t is rlOW tim e to concen tra te on doi rlg thi ngs fo r fina ncial ach ievement . Un less t hi s ba sic fin an cial d epen d ence changes, gym nast ics sho uld beco me a p ro fess io n.!1 spo rt , although I d o n 't be lieve gym nasts cou ld su ppor t th emse lves entirely from do in g shows . In the Sovie t U ni o n appea rs gy mrl ast ics , is gove l'llment it subsidi ze d, alth o u gh I ha ve no direct proo f. 'I hi s gives th e gy mn as ts th e op po rtunit y to devote th eir tota l ef forts into gy mn as ti cs, b ut th ey ar e also p ressu r ed to co m pe te fo r t he status of th eir co un t ry. My pe rso nal fee lin g w it h mee ti ng th ese gym nas ts is th at quite a few ge t ve ry anxio us to quit becau se o f so mu ch , p ress ure. It has also bee n th e case th at th e larger pe rce ntage of Russ ian gy mn as ts peak at a yo u ng age. One of t he grea test joy s I have experienced i n m y life ha s bee n at a gymnast ic co m pe titi o n or exh i bi ti o n when we we re all tr yin g to do somet hin g wi th ou r bod ies th at we ca n co mm u ni ca te to each o th er, an u also poss ibl y to spec tators. H ow in cred ib le it ca n be to move th e b ody in so many ways. It ca n b e a ve r y sa tisfyi ng expe ri ence to see o the r gymn asts do we ll if yo u are n o t wo rri ed abo ut w innin g and if it can be rea lize d tha t eve ryo n e wor ks and grows at a d i ffe ren t pace. D istreSS in gly, however, it see ms th at mo re and mo re emp has is is be in g p laced o n compe titi ve goa ls, sa crif ici ng so me of t he bea ut y fo r m ove ment s th at are forced an d da n ge rous. I fee l priva te in stituti on s or club s se t up for the purp ose o f lea rni ng gymnast ics f o r th e p erso ns' o w n d eve lop men t and per for man ce o f ex hibiti o n s rat her th an co mp et itio ns wo ul d im prove th e att it ude and q uality of t he spo rt.

44 GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

Of Sport and Meaning

By Bob Mitchell, Ph. D. Assistant Professor, Lakehead University Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada Rex stand s at parade rest and gazes confidentl y at the h ead jud ge . He wears the sa me smil e he uses w hen some one challenges him and he r epli es, " O .K., let 's see about that. " The judge nods. Rex comes to attention, returns th e nod , wa l ks slow ly to a point ju st under the ho ri zonta l bar, stops and look s up at it. H e fee ls th e vo lca no abo ut to erupt inside. " How w ill it feel? Hope I don ' t over shoo t the mou nt. Le t 's ge t go in g:' He jumps up and watches hi s hands grasp th e bar. Hi s arm s look as if they are we lded to the appa ratu s as th e w hite tape around his wrists blend into th e palm guards and magnesium which fuse to the e ncru sted white chalk on the bar. " It feels good in my hands. I feel solid. Ready to go. " Sometimes the bar feels painful and unhospitable to hand s which are sore from previous workout. Sometimes it feels insecure b eca use of sweaty palm s. But toda y it feels good to Rex. /-I e is ready, ready to do his utmost. "Swing sli ghtly . That ' s about right... now ... pull ... kick. He re I go straight up. Feels good. ju st right. " Rex 's body co ntracts sli ghtly, then reverses direction and exp lod es into a handstand which imme diat ely turn s backward into a giant circle around th e bar. " Stretch out now. Extend the shoulders and waist. Stradd le now, lift the he ad, stall it a bit. Not too high or it s all over. There, right on the mark. Weightless now. Loc k out the legs now and dri ve it hard. Put yo urse lf into it. I feel good ." With hi s legs straddling hi s arms and pulled tightl y against hi s body he sw ing s under the bar and then , as if th ey were attached by well-oiled hinges, the legs thru st out and twist the body. Rex fee ls hi s weight pull on the one arm grasping the bar. H e sees th e room turn and the bar rea ppea r. He knows just where he is. Floating ju st free enough of ea rth that one arm hold s him in the sky. " Now, regrab ... change grip. I' m there . I' m hitting. Here I go down . Stretch out. I' m gonna hit it .. . Wow ... happiness. " Under th e force of the downward swing the bar fl exes. Rex thrusts and rides the bar as it reco il s up wa rd . " Th ere it is. The lift. I've got velocity now. No sweat w ith thi s next pirou ett e. " Gracefully he turns. The crowd is st ill , waiting, feeling so mething. Now th e time has come . He knows it. I know it. Only us. Th e full t w ist w hi ch he ha s been working on all week comes ne xt. A tricky move for Re x but n ever the-l ess it had to go in th e routin e because for him toda y is go for broke. To do, in routin e, his utmost is Re x's determination.

" Here it comes . Hope to God I make it. Go ... now ... reach over ... grab. Th e force of th s thing always surpri ses m e. Don't drive too soo n ... hold .. . ho ld ... did it. .. hop e it wasn ' t too soo n. " Rex sees nothing ... only a merry- go -round blur. But he knows where to look ... th en there it is.. . the bar. He grabs it. .. hovers ... bal ances ... th e trained eye knows it is close ... then over he goes beaut if u ll y. " Did I? Will it be there? Th ere it is... grab . Damn, I might not ha ve mad e it. Stretch ... I might go over yet ... I' m over ... I'm over ... I'm going to win this m ee t. Nothing can stop me no w. " The crowd loves it. They gasp as th e hand so m e, muscul ar, six footer drama ti ca ll y cont inu es hi s circles around th e bar which looks like it wou ld li ke to hurl him off into space. Again he pivots above th e bar, cont ra cts into a rotating ball, and exp lodes out aga in into a long bod y fa stened to realit y on ly by two hand s. How do they hang on? " I came in easil y. A little late though ,so there will b e whip when I hit th e back swing. Th ere it is... man ... the pull on my hands ... always scares me. Hope it doesn ' t pull th em loose. It didn ' t. I' m secure. Look at them ... boy ... wonder if they' ll ever let me go. " Rex ex t end s and thru sts over the bar. " That feels good ... always does. Man, its lik e I'm fl ying. I' m free. just lock out now and fly with th e down swing. " H e's going to do it. ju st don ' t goof on these last few trick s and yo u 've got it Rex. By God , Rex, you ' re actually going to make it. " Pull th e legs through... h ead down. Remember, shoo t as soon as th e legs pass the bar. Now, am I up? There 's the cei li ng ... m y legs right in front of me. Yea , I' m th ere ... it's a good one too. There 's the fee ling ... weight less. Grasp tight... push upward. Man what a feeling .. . me ... here ... I am ... I belong .. I am in control .. . m'e and the uni verse ... I am my own destiny .. . I am one with God ."

I can feel th e c rowd respon d as Rex ho ve rs in an in ve rt ed pik e above th e bar. Hi s bod y fo lded ti ghtl y at th e wa ist. Hi s arms seem ingl y stretc hed to th e limit in back of him clut chin g the bar. For th e cen tury of a second h e perches there, d efy ing gravity and order. Then he extends. The crowd sees hi s shoulders rotate in their sockets . Th en again, he falls downward , circling th e bar. He' s tired now. I know it. I kn ow how hi s arms mu st feel lik e rubb er. Novocane forearms and hands. " The y' re not so tired. I still ha ve power left. On e las t turn .. . th ere .. . we nt easy and I've got momentum . Stretch it out. Tighten and wa it for th e bar to recoil. There it is... POP NOW. " Hi s hand s ope n and Rex leaves th e bar lik e a stone out of a sling. H e lifts upward and away, then stops, ho ve rs, rotates o n an ax is through hi s waist. ' 'I'm up. Got good li ft. " He throws his arm across his chest and sees the cei lin g beams, then th e brick wa ll , th e light coming thro ugh th e w ind ows, then there it is, the long red mat , far below. " I did it. I feel fantast ic. In cred ible fee li ng of being. I am who le. By God, I did it. Pik e now ." Thud , he lands ... so li d ... doesn ' t qui ve r ... hi s legs sti ll fl exed to absorb the shock, hi s arms , tre tched sideward for balance. Then he take s one step for ward and stands straight. H e looks at the ceiling. Behind him th e bar st ill sings w ith vibrat ion as it return s to it s rigid hori zon tal state. Sudd enl y th e crowd sounds lik e the roar of the ocean. " All that applau se ! For me" Th en he sees hi s team mates, their sm ile s telling th e story. The y grab him. Shake hi s hand s. Slap his back. " It was grea t Rex. " The sco re?! Who cares . Re x Stratton , Southwest Conference Horizontal Bar Champion?! Perhaps. Rex who will always rem embe r th e day he did it? Yes. Th e day on w hi ch he as pir ed to do his utmost came, and h e did it. But most of all th ere is Rex who knows the mean ing of sport.


GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74


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DR. H.I. BIESTERFHDT, IR. "GYMNAST" RESEARCH EDITOR Athletics Department- SIU Arena Carbondale, Illinois 62901

••• •••••••.•,••••••• ~.S.~ ••••••••••••• •••• ", •• DIET AND GYMNASTICS by H.I. Biesterieldt, Jr. Presented to the Fall 1973 meeting of the High School Gymnastic Coaches Association, at Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, III. We suggest, in searching for original articles in support of ideas herein, that the reader consult Adelle Davis, LETS GET WELL, which has a 55 page long list of references to studies before 1965. From these, no one will have difficulty finding more recent studies. lIIir~ ois

It is apparent that an athlete must eat foods required to replace materials lost either in his normal living or in his athletic endeavor. What is not so apparent is that varying the amount of one nutrient may affect the need for others. In add ition, some relatively inexpensive nutrients are never toxic. We tolerate excesses, and thus, are well advised to take an excess to have it available when needed. Our first consideration is " stress" , which may be of many forms, and how to combat its effects. We then consider the needs for certain particular nutrients and their relations to stress. Lastly, we consider the means to supply these elements and give on possible dietary approach to maintaining what whould be an adequate supply of the needed elements . STRESS Infection, tension , exposure to heat or cold , over-exercise, allergies, burns and injury all induce some measure of what is called a stress reaction in the body. Central in the stress reaction is the function of the adrenal cortex, which produces hormones causing the body defenses to be mobilized (and inflamation) , controlling inflamation (and affecting resistance to infections and calcium deposition), and controlling the retention of fluids and salt in the body. Hence, we must provide the nutrients nee,ded for proper function of the adrenal cortex. First in importance here is the B-vitamin , " PANTOTHENIC ACID." Also, shortages of vitamins A, B2, and E can reduce hormone production, as can a shortage of the essential oil, " linoleic acid ." In addition, under prolonged stress, if vitamin C is in short supply, damage to the cortex itself results and hormone output is diminished. Experimentally, 10 gm of pantothenic acid daily has very favorably affected destruction of protein, retention of salt, change of blood sugar level, elevation of cholesterol in blood, and many other advantages for healthy adult men exposed to thermal stress. The amount of 10 gm is, however, prohibitively expensive. Far less will be satisfactory - perhaps Y2 gm daily is 46

Exhau stion does not occur except under extreme stress, but w e must admit that after a really tough football game, some men will be in a state of adrenal exhaustion. AT THIS STAGE, the adrenal corte x does not manufactue enough aldosterone, and as a consequence, especiall y if fluids are taken, the body fluid retains its electrolyte level by again robbing the muscles of potassium . The symptoms are those of potassium deficiency: weakness, diarrhea , etc. The instantaneous cure is to provide potassium and this should be done. It is not, however, a permanent cure since the potassium will immediately be lost again . Rather, at this stage, we must ADD LOTS OF SOlll UM SALT, along with some potassium sal, -.J LTIMATEL Y THOUGH , THE SOLUTION IS TO AVOID EVER REACHING THIS STAGE, OR TO GET OUT OF TH IS STAGE AS SOON AS POSSIBLE BY PROPER NUTRITION. The constant need for lost of sodium salt indicates adrenal exhaustion. In this state, no athlete recuperates properl y nor does he have adequate disease resistance. One example from football may be of interest. After a rather hot and long practice (126 at ground level in the center of the astroturf field) , a player shows extreme weakness, nausea , and difficult breathing. He has become progresively weaker over the previous four days. He has been taking sufficient sodium salt. He takes 1 gm KCL with water, and ten minutes later his breathing, weakness and nausea are gone. His breathing is normal and he says that he " feels welL " We give him a package of KCL (salt substitute) tp use with meals, and a two month 's supply of Pantothenic Acid (200 mg per day), with instruction to start with th ree days at 500 mg per day. He has no further problems on the field and thereafter he remains one of the players least affected by the heat. The ultimate solution then rests on the considerations of the last section. Our concern about Na / K is mainly because we will be less incapacitated during stress if we take in sufficient K and also consume a few grains of Na for each glass of water taken. For a gymnast taking a normal diet, K-salt is much more important than th e common table salt. Since K-salt never encourages fluid retention, it should form a major part of the salt intake of any athlete concerned about weight. Its role in the prevention of blackouts on redUCing diets may also prove helpful. Last year one of our wrestlers, dieting without any STRESS REACTION supervision, was hospitalized , unconscious, AND Na/K REQUIREMENTS with hYpoglycemia (low blood sugar) . He had Of course, the body must replace any salts virtuall y eliminated potassium from his diet, in lost in sweating ; 'however, what is lost varie s a his determination to cut weight. Had he good bit with the exercise program and the substituted some K-salt for the eliminated Nastate of exhaustion . What is required in the salt, his problem probably would have been initial states of stress is not the same as what is avoided. And, he would have had some required in adrenal exhaustion. Let us begin by strength when he was on the mat. outlining three phases of stress reaction. K-salt should not be taken indiscriminately. Mobilization , the initial phase, is not In normal medical use, 6 gm daily is maximum accompanied by any increase in loss of sodium dose for non-athletes. Taken as salt substitute, (Na), but rather, due to excess aldosterone, we may consume 2 or 3 grams daily, but we there is a tendency to retain too much sodium, should not try to use it to salt pretzels or other with concurrent loss of potassium. This lost highly salted fods. Use beyond normal salting potassium is withdrawn from cells a"nd the of foods at the table should be supervised by a deficiency causes reduced muscle strength. physician. We believe the new Morton product The solution here is to provide additional " Morton Lite Salt " is an almost ideal source. It is potassium. Since we need the mobilization 49.4% Na CI. This seems to also be the cheapest reaction , we had better be prepared to attend source. On reducing diets, pure salt substitute to its side-effects. may be preferable. Resistence, the typical second phase, is more VITAMINS C AND E normal in its effect on sodium and potassium . If we have gotten through the first stage without These are related and some of the various depletion of electrolyte, then nomal intake will disputes about the value of one are explained suffice at this stage. by inadequate supply of the other. Though it enough , and we have found 200 mg beneficial. A few examples ma y help to see what ma y be expected: One of our all-around men , training ver y vigorously, showed progressi ve decline in energy, and developed minor general arthritic symptoms. He also had a long standing shoulder problem. He started taking 500 mg of Pantothenic Acid daily on Friday. By Monday, his general feeling of well being had returned and his supplement was reduced to 300 mg. His shoulder problem diminished gradually over the next month . He has, of course, had some other pains unrelated to his need for Pantothenic Acid, and these (as expected) showed no change . Another of our men, a ring specialist, reports very significant improvement. He feels it has made a difference, though possibly it may be due to his improved technique. It is my feeling that many of the " arthritic" problems of ring-men are associated with adrenal exhaustion, and these may be effectively treated by the formula of this section. One reason for believing this is that ring-men frequently invite malnutrition by dieting poorly to keep their weight down . Among other effects of stress is that the bod y ceases to manufacture some of the nonessential amino acids. Thus, under stress, we must provide some amino acids not supplied by any available food, or else accept deficiencies that slow or prevent proper tissue development. As a result, athletes in adrenal exhaustion for extended periods show gradual decline in strength . THEREFORE, IT IS IMPORTANT NOT ONLY TO GIVE THE BODY THE MATERIALS TO REACT WELL TO STRESS, BUT ALSO TO ENABLE THE BODY TO HANDLE STRESS IN THE MOST EFFICIENT WAY. There are certain so-called anti-stress factors, not well understood , but still quite real in certain foods. The best sources are liver, especially port liver; wheat germ; yeast; kidneys; and soy flour (with the oil not removed.) A different factor is found in the pulp of green leafy vegetables, chard , spinach, beet greens and etc. SOME FOOD OF ONE OF THESE TYPES SHOULD BE IN THE DIET OF EVER Y ATHLETE EVERY DA Y . In summary, to handle stress, one especiall y needs anti-stress factors, vitamins A, B2, E, C, pantothenic acid and essential oils, in addition to all other nutrients.

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

may be that natural vitamin E is more satisfactory than synthetic, there are various preparations of mixed tocopherols that are largely worthless . Only one form is absorbed, and only that form is provided in the synthetic preparations. It is largely because of the predominance of the worthless forms in many natural sources that people believed once that this was always adequately supplied . Typical diets today supply about 15 units, whereas years ago, 150 or more units were supplied by a normal diet. We suggest that 400 units be supplied by tablet as a supplement to the diet. Vitamin C seems to have a lot of favorable effects, one of them being a detoxification effect on foreign and byproduct substances in the body. These substances include byproducts of exercise, sunburn, allergens, and other toxic substances. Thus, snakebite, infection, and poison ivy all improve for supplying of lots of Vitamin C, and all depress the C level in the blood if excess is not supplied. Vitamin C also has a powerful effect in combating stress, thus helping to push back the onset of adrenal exhaustion. Several authorities suggest that 5 gm or more be the minimum, and as much as 20 gm be allowed even when well. Daily, we feel 500 mg should be supplied as a minimum for any athlete. Under extreme stress, as much as 5 gm may be needed, especially if any signs of infection are present. If vitamin E is lacking, then vitamin C is rapidly destroyed in the body. Therefore, the requirements are greatly increased. Some remarks on the benefits of vitamin E may justify its use . It seems to reduce cell demands for oxygen, which for an athlete means more oxygen is available for athletic action. It also reduces the amount of scar tissue formed after surgery or injury and promotes normal healing. It also sometimes promotes replacement of scar tissue by more normal tissue . Thus, in case of either new or old injury, lots of vitamin E will be expected to promote normal recovery -- recovery with a minimum of unpleasant after-effects. We recently sent Gary Morava for a surgical excision of the (nonunion fractured) coracoid process, and reattachment of tendons. Following these recommendations, he returned to light theraputic training in three weeks, to full carriage of weight in six weeks, and to full training shortly later. He had no adhesion problems, no reduction in flexibility worth mentioning, and no pain at any stage of recuperation . His scar is almost invisible. Lastly, both vitamins E and C are needed to protect the ad rena I cortex from damage du ring extended stress; that is to ensure continued healthy reaction to stress. We suggest 400 mg of vitamin E by tablet and 500 mg of crystalline C dissolved in water daily. Additional C-solution should be available for men with exhaustion symptoms, sunburn, etc. It is preferable to take C in several small portions through the day.

oxide tablets will do. Dolmite ' tablets are a balanced source of both . THIS SHOULD NOT BE NEGLECTED. TYpical fertilization practice does not provide enough soil magnesium, due to excess of other elements. Thus, tYpically our vegetables do not provide more than trace amounts of this essential nutrient. Very serious nervous troubles are associated with magnesium deficiency, showing themselves in both physical and mental aspects. The solution is both cheap and effective. It may well help with the maintainance of both performance and motivation, and could help with sleep problems as well. Deficiency often manifests itself first in the need for tranquilizers .


GYMNAST Aug./Sepl. '74

RD -1 Elmbr oo k Village Be aver Fall s. PA 15010

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Serving PiHsburgh and Tri-State Area 30 Years Experience

ENERGY, ESSENTIAL OILS, AND LKITHIN Many athletes find themselves feeling totally fatigued for too long after practice, for a rather simple but neglected reason . If the body cannot burn fat and is short of blood sugar, it instead burns protein for energy. The byproducts are toxic and make one feel quite ill. Upset stomach is common in acetone acidosis. This condition is very important to athletes, because in the burning of protein the athlete ' s body degenerates. He loses srength . Moreover, exercise will not help correct the problem until the nutrition improves. Lots of sugar and starch help, but eventually much of this is converted to fat, If we still cannot metabolize fat, then the problem returns with the next practice. In order to properly burn fats, the body must have a good supply of LECITHIN, which may be synthesized within the body and which can also be taken as a supplement or in breads, cereals, etc. as an added ingredient. We suggest that EACH ATHLETE CONCERNED WITH BURNING FAT FOR ENERGY TAKE A COUPLE OF TABLESPOONS OF GRANULAR LECITHIN DAIL Y. This will emulsify fats, making them available to cells. To promote the body 's own synthesis of lecithin, he should also consume two tablespoons of oil rich in linoleic, linolenic, and arachidonic acids (say safflower, soy, and peanut oils, for the best sources.) Exclusive use of safflower oil rich margarine may be a suitable source, provided a few soybeans and peanuts are eaten daily. As a side effect, this will also eliminate any worry about excess cholesterol. A little hydrogenated fat should be added to the diet as convenient. With sufficient lecithin, we can use most fats to advantage. The oils 'ihemselves, and not just the lecithin, are needed for adrenal function , so the supplement of granular lecithin alone is not enough . Use of oils in breads will take care of much of the need.

SUGAR Obviously, calcium is needed for bones, and lots of it should be provided, largely in milk. It also is essential in controlling cramps and muscle spasms. Magnesium is essential for many things, including pituitary action and normal function of the nervous system. It is suggested that half as much magnesium be supplied as calcium. Considering an intake of a couple of quarts of milk daily, this comes to about 1 gm of magnesium daily. Magnesium

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The average American consumes on the order of 126 pounds of sugar each year, which is almost instantly converted to fat, leaving no real benefit for an athlete. Supplied slowly and continuously, the sugar would elevate the blood sugar level, and not stimulate insulin production. In this way, it would not be stored as fat. In this way starches, slowly converted to sugar, do much more to promote a feeling of well-being (raise blood sugar levels) than does sugar. Due to its effect on insulin production , and typical depression of blood sugar, we


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suggest that sugars be alm ost totally removed from the diet, particularly in candy and soft drink form. Lactose and Dextrose are not harmful in this way and may be taken to raise blood sugar levels if desired. Though ath letes with a candy h ab it will resist giving it up, we feel that this is most important to ultimate performance. Some minimally sweet starch or dextrose sweetened food is to be preferred as a pregame snack. The syrups on canned fruits are a major often forgotten source of sugar and are as bad as table sugar.

PROTEIN We have already indi cated how to ensure that protein will be used for rebuilding, and not energy. Following that advice w ill make protein needs considerab ly less. Even so, an athlete in any sport should consume at least 2/ 3 gm of protein per pound of body weight daily. For reference, one pound of ve ry lean beef su pplies about 80 gm and costs quite a lot. One quart of sk im milk supplies 36 gm and costs abo ut 30¢. Milk and eggs supply very high quality proteins, so we suggest a coup le of quarts of milk daily, and several eggs. Because of the . need for the sulpher conta ining amino acids is high in infection (and other stress), up to five eggs a day may help . However, in norinal training considerab ly less is sufficient. Most people who avoid milk and eggs, even if they eat meats, are very short on protein . Without these, it is almost impossible to provide sufficient proten. To in crease the protein content of hamburgerto 120 gm per pound, we may mix in 30% of a mixture of soy grits and wheat germ . Both by themselves are good protein sou rces, but mixed with meat they make both a rich and highly satisfactory protein source. I believe that because of other nutrients in these supp lements, al l ground meats should be so suppleme nted. This is both a saving and an improvement in nutrition. If practical, special breads should be baked , also with some protein supplementation. A list of ingredients for one such bread is given near the end of this article. Certain " proteins" are so unbalanced that consuming them not on ly does not give nourishment, but instead promotes loss of other proteins because of the relativ e excess of one amino acid . Excess glycine in gelatin is of ·this sort. Consuming gelatin actually increases the protein wasted by the body by more than the amo unt taken in. Leave it out of diets.




The digestion process is to a cons iderable extent car ri ed on by intestinal bacteria . These bacteria manufacture some B-vitamins. Th e bacteria feed on milk sugar, so those not taking milk are often short of B-vitamins. Also after certain medications, and if consuming too much other sugars, the bacteria culture may be virtua ll y wiped out. So to maintain a healthy culture, first , avoid sugar and drink milk; and second ly, occasional ly provide the right bacteria. Drink cultured buttermilk occasionall y or eat a bit of yog urt once a week . In case of intolerance of milk, use cu ltured milk exclus ive ly, for it is already partly digested. This leads to a healthy intestinal culture and less digestive troubles , and provides lots of vitamins. Also the milk, partially digested, is better assimilated . It has been observed that some people excrete over six times as much B vitamins as they consume in foods, this being manufactured in the intestines by bacteria. So this is not a small item in nutrition .

My impression from the literature is that very little B-vitamin supp lementation is helpful if the above recommendation is followed. Still , some yeast co uld be helpful and I have included it as a protein and vitamin source in the bread formula to follow. Similarly, the wheat germ provides some needed folic acid, though liver, other " innards" and leafy green vegetables provide better sources for this . The one element I suggest be given as a supplement is Pantothenic acid, already discussed under stress reaction.

SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS: 1) A standard vitamin and mineral tablet may help. Iron should be from a " natural" source, not ferrous sulfate which has lots of harmfu l effects. Ferrous gluconate may be o.k. 2) Milk and cu ltured milk and eggs *3) 400 mg E (l,OOO alternate days except for injured men) *4) 500 - 5,000 mg C *5) 100 - 500 mg pantothenic acid (250 mg) 6) 100 + gm protein of good qual ity 7) Li ver and green leafy vegetab les 8) 1 gm Magnesium Oxide or Dolomite *9) Potassium salt (Morton's Lite Salt, 49.4% K CI - 25¢ for 8 oz. Morton's Salt Substitute - 75¢ for 4V, oz. K-salt should be used in small amounts, as a rule 1 or 2 gm daily for gymnasts. Larger amounts may be needed for Football and Wrestling, but should be given only whe n supe rvision by a physician is ava ilabl e.) 10) Avoid sugar and packaged breakfast foods 11) Soy grits and wheat germ in meats, 30% (the cheapest proteins) 12) Fortified bread, as follows: (ONE LOAF) 1 tbs. honey or molasses y, cup instant powdered milk (or v.. cup non-instant) Water or mil k enough to make proper conSIStency 4 cups whole wheat flour 2 or 3 eggs 1 tsp. act ive or dry yeast 2 heaping tbsp. or more torula yea s t (food yeast , not for rai sing) v.. cup wheat germ v.. cup soy grits v.. cup mixed , soy, peanut and saff lower oils l Y, tbsp. potassium sa lt

This bread does not raise much, is heavy, and ext rem ely nutritious. Detailed recipes for fortified breads are ava ilabl e in a paperback book: BAKE YOUR OWN BREAD, Dworkin, Signet Book Company. 13) Lecithin and oils or 6il margarines

A FEW CONCLUDING REMARKS It would be well to start giving pantothenic acid at say 250 mg daily a few weeks before practice and to continue to somewhat beyond the end of seaso n. Vitamin E should be cont inu ed well past the end of season to improve healing, as shou ld vitamin C. Many people, athletes and nonathletes alike, find that they feel so much better using the fortified bread and acidophilus milk that they are more active and become more trim. Weight is less a problem. The K-salt in the bread alon g with K-salt pi ll s help with weight control and are alm ost complete proof against blackouts from hypoglycemia. This also frequently prevents blackouts from low blood sugar while on rapid reducing diets. will promote loss of The leci thin unnecessary fat rather than pirate loss of protein from muscles which are the very core of the ath letes progress. The stress program should greatly push back the onset of adrenal exhaust ion, and hence also of the onset of fatigue.

GYMNAST Aug.j Sept. '74


NJCAA CHAMpioNSHip REVisiTEd OUTSTANDING INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCES, ODESSA COLLEGE FX: Don Pollard - Odessa College 9.35: Moun t do u ble full pun c h fro nt handspring front , ha nd spring, reac h und e r pirou e lle stradd le turn down to split , stiff-stiff, cartwheel side, leg turn, RO, If, full punch. leonard Hendersen - Odessa College 9.0: RO, ff, do ubl e ba c k, ba c k extension to support fl oo r moore, back extension pirouelle, hand sprin g front headspring, pirouelle, straddle sta nd , wide ar m pr ess to Japan ese ha ndsta nd, roll out to straddl e p lanche, to planc he, to press to handstand , RO , ff, full. SH: Don Steinbach Odessa College 9.0: Schwanf la nke in ve rte d stockli up, Ru ss ia n on o ne pomm e l,

mo o re,

moor e,

sc isso rs

tr ave l,

schwanflank e, inverted stockli up, front out walkaround loop off. SR: Jim Blush -Odessa College 9.05: Di sloca te, sl. a rm, st. a rm giant, lower to cross, l c ross, pullout, hallowba ck, giant , dislocate full. lHV: Bob Miller - Odessa College 9.15: Full Twi st Handsprin g, and Yamashita . Brian Mackey - Odessa College 9.0: Cartwheel back piked & Yamashita PB : Don Sparhawk - Odessa College 8.65: Caste ca tch straddle cu t, press to hand stand , stutz to handstand, front ri se hop pirouelle to ha ndsta nd - cas te, back ri se to hand stand , frontrise , front wit h a V, turn. HB: Brian Mackey - Odessa College 9.05: Stern to handsta nd , stoop in jam out, eag les, ho p, ea rl y pirou e ll e, free hip, blind c hange, hop to overgrip free hip toe on fro nt off.



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o GYMNAST Aug./ Sepl. '74



by schulz Top: Ebe rh a rd Ge in ge r; doubl e ba c k somi di sm o un t fro m pa ra ll e l bars.

2nd row: Ad ria nov, USSR ; so m e rsa ult s (M u n ic h, 7 2)



3rd row: Adri a n ov, USSR; ha nd spring w ith 1 V2 tw ist (M uni c h, 72)

4th row: Ol ym p ic co mp e tito r a t Munich fro nt so m e rsa ult w ith l Y2 twist fr o m rin gs.


GYMNAST Aug./ Sepl. '74

GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74



GYMNAST Aug./ Sepl. '74

GYMNAST Aug./ Se pt. '74


gymnast memorabilia FRIENDSHIP FIRST; COMPETITION SECOND By Tom Wakeling The 1973 Chinese Peo pl es Rep ubli c gymna stics tea m tour of th e USA proved once aga in the ir va lu e as a world class contender. The first opportunity they chose to prove their merit in int ern ation al co mpe tition was at the WORLD CHAMPIONS HIPS of 1962 in Prag ue, Czechos lo vaki a. As a team the Chinese m en fini shed unbel ievably we ll accumulat in g a to tal of 559.00 point s to claim the fourth spot in th e overall tea m standings. An acco mplishm ent? It should b e sa id so fo r the fac t th at this team came to th e c hampionships ver tuall y unkno w n but to them se lves , it being th ei r first inte rn at ional competit ion. Th e United Stat es followed not too far behind as th ey were rated sixth . A note of p arti cular interest would be that , through the efforts ofYu-Li ehFeng, China was able to la y c laim to a third pla ce titl e in th e pommel horse eve nt (he sco red an average of9.6 !). lt would seem th at th ei r women 's tea m did ju st abo ut as well taking a we ll ea rn ed sixth tota lin g a 372.988. Chiang Shao-yi

Yang Ming-Mzng


After th eir debut at th e World Games in 1962 the Ch in ese mo re or less iso lated them se lves from th e wes tern wo rl d as far as com p etition was concerned . Rum ored reports as -to -th e qualit y o f th e Chi nese gy mn ast ics team (u suall y quite co mpl em entary) we re co ntinuall y sifting throu gh the U nited States. Rumors b y their ve ry character, are m o re often th an not unreli abl e, but i t wo uld app ea r in thi s case th ey we re ju stifi ed; when, aft er a dormant d eca de China 's Na ti o nal Gym nas ti c Team came to th e U.S. to dem o nstrate th eir sk ill s to an Am eri ca n publi c. For th e Chin ese visit in '73 Gymnast magaz in e, produced a ni ce ly co nstru cted program * which pre se nt s th e Chin a- USA co mp eti ti on / ex hibition to ur w ith th e th o u ghtfulness due such an hi stori ca l eve nt. Th e p rog ram's co ntent s includ es a brief histo ry of gymn as ti cs in China illuminating the fac t th at even befo re 1947 th e government had promot ed gy mn as ti cs and it is now an acti vit y in physical trainin g c lasses in middle sc hool s and co lleges. Photo p o rtrai ts of every m ember of th e Chine se tea m are suppl em ent ed with data as to each 's birth da te and p lac e, occupati o n and athl eti c achi evem e nt s.

GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74


Tsai Huan-Isung

To add interes t for so me, th ere is an in fo rm ati ve in t ro ducti o n to men' s and w o me n' s gy mn as ti cs gi v in g a cl ear d escri p tion o f apparatu s; scorin g processes; and in gen eral, elem ents th at m ake up th e sp o rt as w e kn ow "it tod ay. In clud ed are bri ef ex pos iti o ns o n th e ph ys ica l ed ucat io n prog rams in and o utsid e th e sc hoo ls as o utli ned by Mao Tse Tun g. A thl eti cs in C hina co ntinu es today to b e utili ze d as a too l to d evelo pe gro up aw areness and a co nce rn for th e we lfare o f th e state. " Fri end ship first; co mpetiti o n seco nd ." Thi s state ment, th e C hi nese b eli eve best reflects th eir phil osop hy towa rd s any spo rtin g acti v ity. Thi s p o li cy dictat es th e attitud e th at th e

GYMNAST Aug./Sept. '74

" d evelopm ent of fri endl y personal and nati o nal relat io ns is m o re impo rtant th an th e res ult of t he co mpetiti o n." Th e Ch i na- USA So uve nir Progr,i'm pro vid es a wa rm rememberence o f th e Chin ese tour for thi s eve nt m ay b e rega rd ed as a landmark of mutu al unders tandin g betwee n o ur two co untri es. We ho pe th at su ch acti viti es co ntinu e fo r th ey h o ld a genuin e h o pe fo r better r elati o ns am o ng nati o ns o f th e world .

.~HIIA - liSA

路U nfor tun ately th e p rogra ms d id not arrive in New York in time fo r the Chi na/ USA co mpetiti o n . If yo u went to th at co m peti tio n, pic k up (throu gh Gymnast memo rabili a) a so uve nir prog ram for that memorable eve nt.


Denver club members in Europe. Top row : at Pisa, Italy; Linda Antonio co~peting in England; Mr. and Madame Nagy with Denver and Sparlacas Gym Clubs inBu-dapestBoltom row : Denver club at th e Vatican; two Denver teammates with Romanian peasa nt ; Comaneci Nadia, "supe rstar.';

Denver Club European Tour By Rod Hill Denver School of Gymnastics Hill's Angels of the Denver School of Gymnast ics For Gir ls com pl eted its seco nd tou r of Europe on the 1st of jul y. It was a highl y successf ul trip in wh ich mu ch was lea rn ed and alot of good will spread for the United States and th e Sport of Gymnastics. On the 27th of May, Debbie Hill , Lind a Antonio, Trish Reed, jackie DeGarmo and Lori Frasco tra ve led to Ca rbond ale, Il linois w here D ebb ie, Li nda and Tr ish were sc h ed ul ed to compete in the Elite Nationa ls. They along with myse lf and Sha ron Weber left Carbondale on th e 3rd of j une and traveled to Chicago where we met the rest of our European Party. This


included Renee' Hack, Chris Paser, Kim Montagriff, j oa nn e Ashenbrenner, Duke Ashenbrenner, and Bi ll Weber. Sharon and joanne were being taken along as judges. The ir hu sba nds Bi ll and Duke went along and helped throughout the trip as drivers and ph otographe rs. We left Chi cago on the eve ning of the 3rd and arri ved in Lu xembu rg o n the afternoon of th e 4th of jun e. H ere we rented a Vo lkswagon Van and a Vo l kswagon car. The four adu lts rode in the ca r and the Team with myself and Debbie driving rode in the van . We drove abo ut five hours and stopped at a hote l in Nort hern France. The next m orn ing we got an ear ly start and d rove thr o ugh France and Germany. We stayed in a hotel in Salzburg Austria. On the 6th

we arri ved in Vienna w here we spent 6 hours sightseeing and picking up ou r Hun garian Visas. That evening we drove o n to Budapest, Hun gary. Because we had no hote l reservation s we had to secu re accomoda tion s abo ut 24 mi les so uth of t he cit y. On the 7th we were met by the hu sband of Madame Nagy. H e served as our interpreter and guide throughout the day. We were ab le to see the Romanian National Team work o ut in the afternoon , then we worked o ut ourselves. It was good to meet old friends Elena Champenna and Elena Goreac of the Rom anian Team. Early the morn in g of the 8th we started th e lon g trip to Roman ia. We drove near ly nonstop and still we re unab le to reach our

d estinati o n nea r Baca u, so we had to stop and ge t a ho tel in th e Transy lva ni a Mo untain s. The girl s had th o ughts and d rea m s of we rewolfs and m o nsters all night. A d og fi gh t n ear th e roo ms d id no t h elp matters. Th e fo ll owin g m o rnin g w e arr ived at o ur destin ati on an d we r e m et by an o th er o ld fri end M ari a Se min escue, th e Sup eri o r Ro mani an Judge. It was at thi s mom ent we lea rn ed th e mee t was to b e th at aft ernoon. W e had thought it w o uld be th e nex t da y. We we r e ho use d in th e fin est ho tel in th e city, and th e girl s we re se nt up to res t, w hil e m yse lf and th e judges att en ded th e Technica l M ee tin g. W e knew th e N ational Tea m was co mp etin g in Hunga ry, so we fi gured w e wo uld b e aga in st a p riva te cl ub. To o ur surprise and I m ig ht ad d happy surp ri se, we fo und we we re to co mpete aga in st th e Juni o r Na ti o nal Tra ini n g Ce nter fo r Rom ani an Gy mn as ts. It w as h ere th at we we re to mee t the fin est JuniorTea m I have ever seen, and poss ibl y th e fin es t tea m in th e W o rld. Th ey cam e o ut loo king like som ethin g from a g rad e sc hoo l. Th at turn e d out to be a ve ry false impress io n. I had h eard ab o ut a 13 yea r o ld superstar f ro m Rom ani a fo r ove r a yea r. I m et her, and six o th er superstars. The co mpetiti o n was b efo re a p acked gy m . Th ey we re standin g outside several d ee p ju st li sten in g to rep o rt s of th e co mpe titi o n goin g o n in side. The tea m s we re di vi d ed in to two gro ups. There we re three tea ms, fo r Po land had bee n in vited much to o ur pl easa nt surprise . Th e mos t skill ed three girl s in each tea m we re in g ro up o ne and th e seco nd gro up had th e nex t ski ll ed . W e had D ebbi e, Lind a and Tri sh in o ur group o ne with Renee', Lori and Chri s in gro up two. It was a trem endou s comp etiti o n and even th o u gh o ur girl s mu st have bee n sh o win g so me strain fro m th e co mpetitio n and th e lo ng tri p, th ey were fa ntasti c. The All - Around was wo n by the 13 'yea r old w hi z Co man eci Nadia. D ebbi e was 2 tenths b ehind in secon d pl ace. Third we nt to Mil ea Luminit a o f Ro mani a w ith fo urth go in g to Linda and 5th to Tri sh. Gabor Geo rge ta was 6th . Renee', Lo ri and Ch ris fini shed in that o rd er for our tea m . Nadi a is th e fin es t Junior Gymn ast I have ever see n. And she is beaten as muc h as sh e w ins b y Ungurea nu Teodora who was 9th in th e allaro und , but she had a littl e troubl e in th e vault. As th e sco res below w ill show th ey have fantasti c strength and the y are 12 and 13 yea rs o ld . In her free exe rcise, Nadi a threw a fa ntasti c do u b le full and she ha s two o f th ese in th e ro utin e. Her b ea m rout i ne was h ig hli ghted b y a do uble turn o n th e hands plu s th e aeri als etc. H er va ult is a ca rt w hee l b ack in th e p ike posi tio n, th e fin es t I have ever seen. H er ba rs are hi ghli ghted by a front flip o n th e hi gh bar and consec uti ve free hips to hand stand s th at are w ith o ut f law . Th e vaults o f th e tea m co nsisted o f hand sprin g front s and ca rtwh ee l backs in pik e p osition . Two of th e girl s threw d o ubl e tw ists o n th e floo r. N adia h as b ea ten Kim o f Ru ss ia th e las t three tim es o ut and she wo n an in vitati o nal o f all th e tea ms in Euro pe in w hic h th ey se nt th eir best and it was her fir st tim e o ut. Kee p th e nam e in mind , fo r I fee l she is th e b es t. I wo ul d say as a clos in g no te o n th e co mp et iti o n, loo k o ut fo r Ro m ani a in M o ntrea l, th ey ar e loaded. Ou r girl s d id a fantasti c j o b and were highl y praise d. D eb b ie is ve ry po pular in Rom ania and received standing ova ti o ns. M ari a says thi s is tru e all ove r th e co untry. The eve ning of th e m eet w e h ad a huge r eception and it was late to bed. Th e fo ll ow in g d ay we did som e sight seein g, and

v isit ed th e Na ti o nal Gy mn as ti c Schoo l. We fo un d th at th e seve n gi rl s we saw th e ni g ht befo re we re n o t all th ey had, it goes mu ch dee per th an th at. O ur girl s visi ted an En gli sh speak in g cl ass and he lped th e st ud ents fo r ove r an ho ur. W e th en were taken o n a to u r of th e Na ti o nal Spo rt s Co mplex . It is ve ry impress ive . Th e Romani an Tea m is ve ry yo un g and th ey ad o pted o ur girl s as bi g sisters. A trem end o u s fri end ship was d eve lo p ed b etwee n all. To top it all off our team has b ee n in vited t o train w ith th e Rom ani an Tea m fo r two w ee ks nex t summer all ex p enses paid . I ca n pro mi se yo u we did n o t turn thi s down and we w ill b e th ere. We left fo r Go tt wa ld ov, Czechos lova k ia o n th e m o rnin g of th e 11th. W e drove fo r 22 straight ho u rs , and fin all y had to sto p about 60 mil es north o f Bud apes t. A ft er a night s slee p (if yo u ca n ca ll 5 ho u rs a n ights sleep) w e co ntinu ed o n. W e had a 4 ho ur d elay at th e bo rd er, and we arrived in Go ttwald ov in th e Czec h part o f th e co untry th at aft erno o n. W e w ere taken imme di ately to an old m ansion out sid e of to w n whi c h was situ ated ri ght in th e middle of a zo o. It wa s a bea uti f ul pl ace and during th e summe r m o nth s' it is a fin e resort ho tel. W e h ad dinn er th en th e techni ca l

Comaneci Nadia, 13 year old Romanian gymnast.

Th e foll owin g m o rnin g we we nt sight se ein g, th en to t he gy m fo r a sho rt wo rkout. Th at eve nin g we co mpeted and I guess th at in m y 12 yea rs of coac hin g, th is was th e wo rst any team o f m in e eve r di d. W e mu st have b ee n feelin g th e effec ts o f th e trave l. I also kn ew that in ove r a wee k, th e girl s h ad had o ne wo rk o ut and on e mee t. An yway we fell 5 tim es o n bea m and on ce on bars. Wh en th e smo ke clea red we had lost th e m ee t by 1.3 and w e sho uld have won it easil y. Debbi e fell tw ice o n Bea m , Linda once and Tri sh o n ce. Tri sh also fe ll o n Bars and fini shed 13th in th e all-aro und. Never in h er yo un g life had thi s happe ned . A nd fo r th e fir st tim e In ove r, two yea rs. she dropp ed below 3b.00 in th e a'il -a l uu nd . The first three pl aces in t he A ll -Aro und we re wo n by th e Gottwa ldov girl s. Our highes t fini she r was Lo ri Frasco w ith a 36.45 and 5th pla ce. Lind a and D eb bi e ti ed fo r 6th with 36. 35 . Renee' Hac k had a 36.10, Kim M o ntagriff a 35.80 and Ja c ki e D eGa rm o a 34.55 . Th e tea m score w as 183. 95 to 182.60. Gottwaldo v had a fin e team , but still we sho ul d h ave won .

That even i ng we had a dinner and we r e g ive n so m e b ea utiful g if ts. W e fo und th e Czech peo pl e to be fri e ndl y and easy to ge t alo ng w it h. W e were asked to re turn n ex t year and we accep ted . Th e fo ll ow in g m o rning we tr ave led to Brati slava w here we thought we wo uld be compe tin g aga in , but fo und we wo uld be do in g an ex hibiti o n abo ut 40 mil es no rth in Trn eva. Th e Slova k National Ch ampion ships wo uld be held th e follo w ing da y and w e w e re to do ex hibiti o n work durin g th e Co mpul so ri es . W e we re put up in a ni ce mo dern d o rmit o ry, and aft er a ni ghts res t w e di d th e ex hibiti o n in a brand new sp o rt s hall. It was good expe ri e nce for th e girl s and th ey see m ed to ge t th eir gy mn asti c legs ba ck, as th ey hit o n eve ry ro utin e. N o fa ll s o n b ea m even . W e left o n th e 16th and dr ove to Bratislava and on to Bud ap es t. We arri ved late in th e aft ern oo n and w ere to ld to go to a ve ry ni ce ho tel in th e ce ntral part of th e cit y. H ere w e w ere m et by th e interpreter and w e had two mea ls within o ne hour, We had missed o ur no on mea l beca u se o f a four hour w ait o n th e bo rd er, so we had t o ea t two m ea ls as th ey w ere prepared . N eedl ess to say w e went to b ed n o t lac kin g in foo d . Th e fo ll ow in g d ay w e we re taken o n a sig htseein g to ur o f th e beautiful city o f Bud apest, th en to th e Spartacus Sp o rts Sch oo l fo r dinn er. W e had th e technical m ee tin g, th en prepar ed fo r th e m ee t. M adam e N agy was th e superi o r Jud ge and th e meet began in th e ea rl y eve nin g. Thi s was th e top gymn asti c scho ol in Hungary. A co upl e of the girl s w ere with th e Nati o nal and co uld n o t comp et e, but th ey put a ve ry fin e gro up o n th e floor. Aft er va ult, w e we re leadin g. A ft er Bars, th ey w ere leadin g. Th en th ey fell apart on Beam (I co uld easil y fee l fo r th em ), and we hit solid . Fr ee Exe rcise we also wo n and fin all y th e team titl e. Debbi e w as so lid all th e way and w on th e all-aro und with Tri sh fi ni sh in g second. Our team w as w ell kn o wn h ere as it w as in Hungary. It mad e us fee l ve ry good . D ebbi e did mi ss a handstand o n th e Bars. Th at ni ght we had a reception and a very goo d tim e. I sa t nex t to Madame N agy and her hu sband and in the nex t two hours w e beca me goo d fri end s and I lea rned a' great d ea l. W e we re as ked to return n ex t year for a lo nge r visit and we stated we w o uld . Th e fo ll o wing d ay w e shopped for half a d ay, th en left fo r Vi enna, but we re unabl e to make it and stop ped ju st in side of Au stria. W e we nt o n in th e m o rnin g and did som e sight seein g and sho ppin g. W e d ro ve on and arri ve d at Bert c hesga rt en in th e Au stri an Alps th at eve nin g. He re we got a ho tel th at w as like so m ethin g fro m He idi. It was a bea utiful se ttin g and w e got a goo d nights sleep. Th e nex t day w e di d so m e sh o pping th en drove o n to Muni ch. W e saw th e Olympi c trainin g sights, th en did so m e sho pping and pu shed o n. W e staye d in Central Ge rman y that ni ght. Th e l o ll ow mg m o rnm g Sh aro n and Bill W eb er took th e o th er car and drove bac k to Lu xe m b u rg' as th ey had t o ge t ho m e. Th e res t of us go t i n th e va n and drove across Ho ll and and Belgium to arri ve o n th e Fr ench coas t lat e at ni gh t. W e took a fe rry ac ross th e channel and fin all y go t se ttl ed in a hotel at 3 in th e mo rnin g. After a good n ight s sleep w e d rove 'o n to Lo u ghto n w hic h is o utside o f Lon don w h ere th e co mpetiti o n was to take pl ace th at eve ning. W e we re put in pri vat e homes to res t and pr epare fo r th e co mpetition . -(continu ed o n pg . 60)




Fritz Reiter spoiling a front seat circle.

By Gail Chmielenski The summer promises us the tim e we need to brush up on our teaching skil ls and learn new techniques in any number of camps, co urses and programs thro ughout the country. If yo u were not lucky enough to have been with us in Terre Haute this past June, may I suggest yo u strongly cons id er attending Indiana State's 9th Annual Gymnastic Institute in 1975. Without reservat ion I maintain that it has to be the fin es t co urse of it s kind anyw here . Given a four star rating by th e Internation TYB, w hose exec uti ve council was in attendance, the institute assembled authorities in all phases of gymnastics including biomechani cs, rh yt hmi c gymnastics, judging, coach in g, and athletic training . By far, th e contribution of director, Margit Tr eiber, could not be measured so lely in terms of her experience as an internation al judge, national meet director, or eve n as coac h of a successu l co ll egiate team. Our m entor consc ientous ly sa w to it we had blank ets wh en it was co ld and opened her homeas a sa nctu ary from th e city and away from the hec ti c pace of the institute. - '-The Summ er Institute is held for two and a half wee ks eac h year at Indiana State U nivers ity in Terre H aute. Credit may be earned on bo th th e grad uate and undergradu ate levels or th e cou rse ma y be tak en without cred it. Gu est lecturers for this yea r' s institute includ ed Del ene Darst, Miklos Tottossy, Sarah Brumgart , Fritz Reit er, and Holly Wilson . Our schedule was ex tr emely demanding beginning most mornings at 9:30 A.M . W e usually had a lunch break from 12 to 2 and then co ntinu ed until 5 P.M. Often an evening


sess ion wou ld be h eld from 6:30 to 9. Saturdays were routinely sc hed ul ed for class time, but weekend activities, as the even in g sessio ns, were optional. Most of us atte nded every sess ion offered to us. Simply because we did not wan t to tak e th e chance and miss so m eo ne or somet hin g important. If t here were anythin g to co mplain about, it ce rtainly wou ldn ' t be th e acco modation s. If we polled the parti cipants, we wou ld probably find that ther e was an average we ight ga in of about fi ve pound s. Though we ate in a large cafe teria, the food was exce llent and qu ite adequate in quan tit y. Our rooms we re co mfortabl e (so m etim es th e air co nditioning was a bit too cool) and o ur suitemates co mpatible. Sundays were always ve ry sp ec ial. It was a tim e to rela x over a ho t d og o r p ea nut butter and jelly sandwi ch on raisin br ea d, feed th e ducks, take a sw im, pl aya littl e badminton or oth er games, get a tan, mak e a p yramid , and genera ll y enjoy th e co mpan y of those whose inte rests parallel our own. All in al l, they were plea sa ntl y a change of pace. Th e Treibers, always perfect hosts. The first guest instructor at the in stitut e was D elene Darst intern at ionally rated judge and former coach of th e U.S. Tea m World University Gam es. The prim ary emphasi s of h er presentation was to cl arify an d teach us th e current compu lso ry routines. She graciously hand led numero us qu es tion s from the participants and helped us immeas urabl y b y personally lead in g us through both the ri ght and left handed in terpretat ions of th e floor routines. Beli eve me, th at's n o easy task on a 90° afternoon in Terre H aute ! The second d ays presentation was a sneak preview of the '76 co mpul so ri es . We ' ve got a lot to look forward to fo lks! Start r ev in g up yo ur gy mnasts, coaches. The chall eng es of the propo sed compulsor ies are not to b e tak en lightly. In Conversation (with Delene Darst) ••• ... Compu lsories are d eve lo ped basically out of the FIG code rul es governing th eir element s. Out of these guide lin es, th e authors of the routines are assigned after a se ri es of mee tings co nsidering th e feedba ck of judges, coaches and gymnasts from all over the stat es. As an illu stration of what th e author mu st do to deve lop each routin e co nsid er the bars. The adva nced routine mu st n ecessa ril y be created first. The ski ll s and r o utine co mp os iti o n mu st, of course, follo w in a log ica l sequ ence to be a viabl e exercise. On ce esta bli sh ed , the intermed iate leve l is developed to aid th e gymnast in d eve lop in g the necessary sk ill , strengt h, confidence , and fl ex ibility to attain the higher leve l of co mp etence. Th e process is repeated for th e b eg inn er routin e. The obviou s outcome wou ld be th e constant growth and d evelopment of th e co mpl ete gymn as t. Next yea rs compulsories w ill be pr esented in an experimental mann er. Unl ike th e establi shed m ethod of breaking down each of th e movement s into minute sections of move ments, oft en ta kin g the beginning coach weeks to interpret from read in g t h e guid e, th e new pr esentation w ill use more bal let terminology. A si ngl e ba llet term w ill describe a comb ination of movements (ie. chasse = step right , close left to right, step ri ght) and also indicate the elegance w ith wh ich that move should be executed, thu s serv ing a multipl e purpose. So, coac hes, do yo ur homework.

Check th at ballet t erminology so th at it s fam ili ar to you. W hen the routin es are o ut in Jun e o f '75, yo u ' ll be ahea d of the no t so co nscien ti o us co mpetition. Your gy mn as t wi ll be ab le to lea rn h er ro utine a littl e soo ner. As an overworked nationally rat ed judge, Mrs. Darst ha s so m e definite concerns abo ut th e quantit y of good judges. Up to now, she ha s taught th e co mpul sories perso nally all over th e country. Thi s is an enormous undertaking . Ob se rva ti on first hand has prove n m any prob lems to ex ist. Among th e m are th at basic elements are too difficult for the gymnas t to exec ute and often thi s co mes about b eca use o f i naccurate int erpretatio n. We all are familiar with the se man ti c interp retation of th e i nstru ctio ns. Even th e films do not always demon st rate the sk ill s done in th e w ay the judges w ill want to see them . Th e so luti on to thi s particu lar probl em is in th e b eg inning stages. With th e n ew co mpulsories coming nex t yea r, bett er efforts are being mad e for th e coo rdin ation of th e teaching of compulsories and more emphas is on the training of jud ges. As we can attest, probl ems of interpretation lay not o nl y w ith the coac hes, but with th e judges as well. And, there see ms too littl e indica ti o n that th e number of gym nas ts w ill ever decrease. Th e re is in th e wo rks a n ational jud gin g assoc iati o n. Info rm ation will be d esem in ated and coo rdin ated more efficiently when thi s organ iza tion ge ts into full swing .... On e ve ry definit e lesson we learned from D elene Darst is th at the o ld adage of not getting anything for nothing is not always tru e. Out o f friendsh ip, love and dedication to th e spo rt Mrs. Darst gave free ly of her time for two days of th e in stitute we ce rtainl y ben efited from her se lfless donation . W e lea rned , we worked and we loved it. Th ank yo u, Mrs. Darst. Each o f o ur other instructors were prom ine nt people in th eir respecti ve areas of competency. Miklos To ttossy is a Senior Lecturer o f biom echani cs in the D ep artment of H ea lth and Physica l Edu ca ti o n at Queens College in New York. Mr. ' Tottossy defined for us th e terminology we wo uld need to be familiar with in und erstanding th e role biomechani cs p lays in the analys is of gy mnastic activiti es. In a sho rt tim e we were co mfortabl y tossin g around N ew ton 's Laws, and othe r physical prin ciples in our everyday co nve rsa ti on s. ' In 1973 th e champ ionship of each of th e fo ur area s of rhyt hmi c gy mna stics was swept by t he ve rsa ti le Sarah Brumgart. We were fortun ate to ha ve Sarah introduce many of u s to thi s sp ecia lty area . In addition, Sarah tau ght us some progressions fo r teaching bod y waves and locomotive techniques. An ex trem ely useful part of th e presentation was th e co mbinin g of elem ent s which make up a floor exe rcise ro uti ne. If yo u are a relat ive ly frequent reade r of Gymnast you are undoubtedly familiar with th e name and reputation of Fri tz Reit er. Th e re is no way th at I ca n ex pl ain the co ntributio n of thi s su p erior in structor and do him ju st ice in a few wo rds, so I won ' t even try. Let it ju st be sa id th at o ur im agin at ion s we re opened to n ew, even revolutionary, conce pts and insights into the coac hin g of gymnasti c sk ill s. We will unquestionab ly be b etter at what we do as coac hes aft er h aving met this extraordina ry teac he r and personab le young man. If nothing else, Frit z h elped us become whol ely aware (continu ed o n page 62) GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74

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Catalogues ava ilable to teachers and directors ONLY. Ple ase include school name and position.

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(1) Illustration of Medals. (2) Pri cin g Information. (3) Handy Order Form .

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Sequence of Each Event is Illustrated in these Unique Medals.


Smi thtown - 11787 M ISSOUR I:

10021 Highway 66 SI. Louis - 63126

GEORGIA: 3007 North Druid Hill s Rd .

Atlan ta-30329 \


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COMPETITIVE MODERN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS Compiled by Mildred Prchal and Nora Veyette Dr. Donald Morrison, Pianist Side 1 is composed of the musical selections for the 1974-1976 United States Gymnasti c Federation Compulsory Competitive Modern Rhythmic Gymnasti c Exercises compiled by Mildred Prchal. Side 1-Compulsory Music 1. Class III-Jump Rope and Exe rcise without Impl ement-1 :37 2. Class III-Hoop Exe rcise-1 :04 3. Class III-Acrobatic Exerci se-:59 4. Class II-Exe rcise without Implement-1:21 5. Class II-Ball and Jump Rope Exe rcise-1 :09 6. Class II-Scarf Exercise-1:31 7. Cla ss I-Exe rcise without Implement-1 :24 8. Class I-Ribbon Exe rcise_1 :28 9. Class I-Hoop Exe rcise-1 :04 10. Compul sory Club Exercise-1973 World Championships-1:39 Side 2 is composed of music for optional routines compiled by Nora Veyette . A suggested implement is given for each band but the majori ty of the se lecti on s may be used for any implement.


GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74


(continu ed fr o m pg. 57)

W e com pe te d aga in st a co mbin ati o n o f th e two to p clubs in En g land. Th e clubs we re Lou g ht en and Lad ywe ll. I wa nt to say r ig ht h e re th at th e Briti sh h ave impro ved greatl y in th e p as t year. I was ve ry pl ease d w ith th e ir progress . Tri sh w on th e A ll- A ro und w ith Lind a fini shin g sec ond. (D ebbi e did n o t co mp ete in thi s m ee t). W e we nt sight see in g in Lon-do n th e n ex t da y and had a w ond e rful time see in g th e Towe r of London, Bi g Ben and all th e thin gs that m ak e th e cit y fa mou s i ncludi n g a v isit to ze ro M eridi an. Th e foll ow in g mornin g w e bi d o ur En g li sh friend s go o dbye (exce pt Les li e Bartlett, o n e of England s top gy mn as ts w h o w ill be training in , Den ve r throu g h Au g u st) and too k th e fe rr y bac k to Fran ce . W e d ro ve until ea rl y eve nin g, then stopped at a hot e l to get a good ni ght s slee p. Th e foll o win g m o rnin g w e we r e o n th e ro ad earl y and dr ove to Pari s. W e wa nted to see th e Lourve, but it was cl osed on Tu esda y. W e saw th e N otre Dam e Churc h and o f course th e Eiff el Tow er. Duk e As henbr enn e r had to return to th e St ates so we le ft him at th e train station and continu ed on . If we we re to see Rom e at all we w ould h ave to dri ve all night and thi s we A id. Th e ne xt m o rning we swa m on th e Ri ve ri a and the nwent throu g h Monaco and o n to Pi sa w he re we h ad a lat e eve ning look at th e lea nin g to we r and that b eautiful c it y. Th e fo llo w ing mornin g we dro ve to Rom e and spe nt the day looking at th e b eauti f ul art w ork s of Mi c h e lan ge lo and oth e r arti sts. W e v isit ed th e Vati can , th e three c oin s in a fo untain , th e coli seum etc. Th eva n was brok en into while we were at th e fount ain and three suit cases stol en . W e sp e nt th e n ex t 8 hours in th e police sta tion fini shin g up at 4: 30 in th e m o rnin g. W e d ec id ed to dri ve on to Flor e nce, Ital y. We arri ved in Flor e n ce in th e earl y mornin g and sp ent th e d ay lookin g at th e fanta stic art w ork s of th at c it y. W e saw th e Dav id b y Michel an ge lo and m an y of hi s oth e r g rea t work s. W e saw m an y o f th e famou s painting s of th e world. Th e g irl s we re lea rnin g to appr eciat e art and takin g a great int er es t in w hatth eywere see ing. Th ey we re reall y getting an edu ca tion . That afternoo n we drove on to finall y sp end th e night in Southern Swit zer land. Th e n ex t d ay we drove to Zuri c h and th e follo w in g d ay we rod e a cabl e car up th e mountain sid e and did other sight seeing. On the 30th of Jun e we drove back to Lu xe mburg and got roo m s in a country ho tel about 25 mil es from th e airpo rt. Th e n ex t mornin g w e board ed th e pl ane, fle w to Ice land and hom e, arri v in g in D en ver at 2:30 in th e morning. To sum up th e trip , I would say thi s. It w as a trem endou s gy mn as ti c and edu cation al experi en ce for us all. The p eople we m e t in ev ery co untry were t he best you could find . I cann o t rem ember such exce ll e nt treatm e nt as w e recei ve d durin g th e four wee ks. It w as a long trip and a tiring on e, but I fee l we did a lo t of good for our country and fo r th e sport. Our tour for nex t year is all set up and w ill in c lude Czec hoslova kia , Hun gar y, Pol and , and Ro mania . W e h ave b ee n in v it ed to Grea t Britain al so. W e will mak e thi s to ur and it w ill b e th e third yea r in a r ow for u s. Hill 's A n gel s h ave now repr esen ted o ur city, stat e and country in 25 countri es and 43 stat es in our co untry. W e w ill do a 5 wee k to ur of Japan in Septemb er to add on to thi s. Th e m ain purpo se o f th ese trip s are to gi ve th e p eo pl es of o th er co untrie s a good fee lin g ab o ut th e U nit ed St ates an d second ar y th e gymna sti c sce n e. W e fee l we are accompli shin g thi s.


~LETTERS~ GIRLS WI NN I N G RO UTI N E S? Dear Sirs: .. If you co uld put m or e ac tion photos 01 g irls in y our m agazin e i t wo uld be m or e l ulfilling and helplul , es pec iall y 01 th e top girls in m ee ts. A lso il the r outin es wer e described in lu l ler deta il. as they ar e lor guys, i t. woul d be helplul in order to kn ow whatit putin toD ian e Dunb ar 's w inning 9.65 un even bars r out ine. Th ank you l or li stening and I hope you w ill t r y m y sugges t ions. Sin cer el y , Ma r gar et Gudbr anson ED . We hope more meet dir ectors and r eporter s submit wom en 's comp etition data to us in the futur e will also inc lud e winning routin es . Although we don ' t have Dian e Dunbar 's routin efor a st arter her e we ha ve K ar en Sc huckm an's winning All- Around routines. Bars : Bac k kip m or ent: kip to hi gh bar : hec lll 'n to beat on low: str addl e over long hang k ip : I r ont hip c ircle: Iree hi p shoo t to beat hop to low ba r : Iree hip on low ba r shoot to swi tc h g lid e: ca tch hi gh-kip to hi gh: back hip circle straddl e hecht ove r low. Beam: On end straddl e up I r ont wa lk ov er : Iront handspring need le scale: cartw heel one arm va ldez: bac k handspring pik e Iront oil (o ne loot takeo l f) . Vault : Ya mashita and Ya m ashi ta 'Il . Floor: Front handsprin g I ro nt tuck : r ound oil whip bac k b ac k handspring - turn back ga in er . handspring: round all lay out step out. NE W GYM CL UB Dea r Mr. Sundby : A litLi e ov er a yea r ago I beca m e inter ested in gymnasti cs at our loca l YM CA . A rter seeing a copy 01 Gy mnast m y m oth er ca ll ed y ou l or ad v ice in ge ttin g m e a coa ch. T hrough y ou we went to Dick Wo lle 01 Ca l Sta te Full er ton. Fo r t un atel y, a gy m c lub has opened in Whi tti er ca ll ed, Whi ttier Gy m nas tic Center . Our (cam nam e is N ikes. I hav e competed sev er al time w i t h them , and gone to various ca mps and clini cs. Sin ce I am or derin g m y nec kl ace I w ill take the opportuni ty to than k you lor devoting y our lim e to the spor t 01 gy mn as ti cs. Yo ur m agaz in e is exac Li v what we need to bring gy mnasts ac ross t he country together .

a l ist I and other s l ike m e cou ld r ea d a descripti on 01 an ex er c ise ro ut ine in y ou r m agazi ne and v isualize or at leas t li gur e out lVha t th e gy mn ast did . N ami ng a tr ick or lll ove afte r t he fir st per son to exec ute i t doesn' ( tell y ou a thing-m ay be ther e is such a l ist , il so please let m e k now . i l not gi ve i t som e t hought. Si nce r el y y ours. J ohn W,dd St. P aul. M inn es ot a E O. We' r e workin g on it, but need more tim e and qu alifi ed help to do it ri ght.

LO NGE ST H AN DST AN D D ear Mr. Sund by: T ell -It Lin e. ~v hi c h is t he ac tio n lin e 01 our news paper. r ecentl y r ecei ved a questi on f r om a youn g lad y who wa nts to k noll' th e r ecord lor the longes t handst and. . I t alked w ith M r . L eonar d Clemm er and chec ked w i th r eco rd boo ks, but nei ther co ul d gi ve m e an answer. M r. Clemm er . however , sugges ted th at I contact y ou to see il yo u k now th e answe r. M I' Clem m er also te lls m e that y ou wa lked dow n the steps 01 the Washington Monum ent on y our hands. I 'd apprec iate y our se ndin g m e som e inlorm a ti on on your l eat. If y ou co uld also provide m e som e inlorm a tion on the handstand ques ti on. I would be gr a teful. Sin cer el y . Ba r ba r a Ca lh oun " T ell -It Line" Char lolle Obser ve r Charl otte. N orth Car olin a ED . Accordin g to THE SUP E H A THLETES , (David P . Willoughby , A uthOl', A.S. Uarnes and Co. , Inc . Cr anbury, N ew Jer sey U8:; 12 - C 197U, 665 pages - Pric e SI:; .OO ) A l Tr eloar held a st a tionary handstand lor 8 lllinutes, N YC 1900. Also iVl auri ce Kin g (a fri end of past yea r s) held a one-hand stand for about 4 minut es in 1939 at M uscle Ueach in Santa iVl onica, Ca. To answer y our oth er qu estion, in 1949 I walked down th e 898 steps of the Washington Monumelll on m y hands ... (See THE MODEHN GYM N AST J an. -F eb. 1963 '" Physic al F itn ess is not a F ilty Mil e Hike .. . !" lor this '"Fea t With Hands " as quoted in th e Washin gton newspapers. ) Heprints ar e available by sendin g a self-address ed stamp env elope to : Sundby Publications 410 Broadway Santa Monica, CA 904U6

Sin ce r ely, Janet Kirker Whitti er , Ca lilorni a

GYM NA STI C DI CTIO N AHY N EEDE D! Dea r M r . Sundby : L et m e say fi r st as an old gy m nast and coac h (Ken B arLi et was one 01 m y boy s w hil e I was coaching , IS a hobby at th e St. Pau l TUl'll er s and at th e St. Paul YMCA he was inhi gh schoo l at th at tim e) that I enjoy y our m agazin e even il it does com e a littl e late. I had a gap 01 sever al y ea r s from gy mn astics but go t bac k i n aga in a ft er I r etired ... I ' ve had a lot 0 1 catching up todo and got eve r y thi ng I could on gy mnas ti cs, rul e book s, F I G data and y ou r m agaz ine whi ch has been a big help as fa r as i t goes. I j oined our Judges A ssoc. in this ar ea and have been cer tifi ed as a l oca lly qu alifi ed j udge. N ow for m y r eason in writing y ou. Co uld y ou in clude in one 01 y ou r iss ues or sev er al a sor t 01 di cti onar y of gy mn astic t erm s as they appl y to skill s or m oves on the appar atus or m at-w ith such

GYMNAST Aug./ Sept. '74

FREE VERSE I a m attac hing a bit of free verse whi c h m y daughter wrote for s<.:hoo l. The c.:Jass wa s in structed to pi c k a word a nd wr ite a ve rse beginning each lin e with a letter of the wo rd . Si nce he r thoughts a r c a lways on gy mn astics. this is th e wo rd s he c hose. I t houg ht it was rathe r good a nd wo ncl e r if yo u mi g ht think it wo r th publis hin g in your magazi ne. Am y is 14 a nd a me m be r of Andrea's Gy m team in Roanoke. Va.



Grace fu l mo vem e nt in Your ow n s tyle Ma kin g up routin es I e r ve to try nell' tri c ks A will to Stri ve for improvem e nt Ta kin g In to Co ns id e r a tion Someone el se may be beller. Am y Walclron Roanoke Virg inia QUALIF IED INST RUCTOR AVA ILABLE Dea r Sirs: .: .O n reading thru' the m agazin es , I found ma ny r ele r e nces to gymn as tic sc hool s a nd ca mps th a t ope r a te in th e USA mainl y in the summ e r. In Britain th e r e a re no suc h ca mps, as the wea ther is so unpredicta bl e a nd the rina nce so sca rse. so I would be pl eased to know of a ny suc h ca mps in the USA t hat I could possibly allend eith e r as a coac h or observer. I a in a qu a lifi ed British Ama teur Gymn astic Assoc iation Club Coach a nd teach Olympic Gymna sti cs and ac rob<l tics to l!!'nva rd of 150 girl s a nd <l dozen bo ys .. ... If yo u know of <l ny ca mp that would e nte rtain th e id ea of e mploying m e to coach during th e summ e r of 1975, please forw a rd their <l ddress to m e .. Th a nks aga in . Sincerely. Don Birley Wa les England ED .. :Anyone wa nting to a dd a li ttle forcign a tmos phere to their s um mer camp in 'i5 can contact Don Birley fr om Eng la nd. YMCA Buildin gs ~9 Ste pn ey Street Ll a nell i. Ca rm s , Wa les England COMM ITMENT & DED ICAT ION GenLlemen : I would like to submit a few th oug hts on the va lu c of a pa rent in the caree r of a gy mn as t. . "The commitm e nt of t he gym nast mu st be total. a nd th e dedic<l ti on of the parent complete." ..... Any parent who has go ne through the process or sea r c hin g for ca r poo l m e mbe rs or who has driven X numbe r of mil es to prac ti ce. m ee ts and ex hibitions will understa nd. Th e endura nce of the gymnas t in competition ca n on ly be equ a ll ed by the mothe r who dri ves he r th e re." ..... Also. th e moods of a tru ly dedi ca ted gy mnas t a re not a lways easy for a middl e-aged moth e r to bea r . I t r equires a la rge dosage of lov e a nd patience, a long with th e firm belief th a t somehow thi s g rea t s port wi ll lead to a happi e r, hea lthi er a nd m ore interesting life for a ll conce rned ... ..... Wonde rfu ll y, it is all worthwhil e whe n you bea m wi th prid e at a perfecLly executed routin e. Wh e n your child fee ls she has done he r best. L11l're is no g rea te r sa ti s fac tion. " Sincerely Dolores Emmets Closte r . New J e rsey

GYMNAST Aug./ Se pt. '74

Each year the Gym Master Company presents its coveted diamond mounted 14-carat gold insignias to a select group of champions for achievements in gymnastics. This Diamond Award is also presented to outstanding coaches for their exceptional contributions to gymnastics. NCAA CHAMPIONS


A ll Aro und ... . . ...... . Steve Hug Fl oo r Exerc ise . .... Doug Fitzjarre ll Pommel Horse .. .. ..... Ted Marcy Sti ll Ri ngs ...... . . .. . Keit h Heaver Long Horse . .. .. .. Greg Goodru m Parallel Bars . . ... .. . Steve Hu g Horizo ntal Bar. . .. . Rick Danl ey

A ll Around ..... J oan Rice Va ult .. ...... ... . . Dia nne Dun bar Uneven Bars . . . . .. Dianne Dun bar Beam . . . . . . . . ..... .. Joan Ri ce Fl oor Exerc ise .. Joa n Rice

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A ll Around ... . ... . . . John Crosby Fl oo r Exercise .. . . . .. John Crosby Pomm el Horse .... Marshal Aven er Still Rings . To m Wee den Lo ng Horse .......... Jo hn Crosby Parallel Bars. . . . J im Ivicek Hori zontal Bar . . ... Brent Simm ons

Nationa l Coach of t he Year . . . . Ed Gag ni er Eastern Reg io nal Coach of t he Year ....... Ab e Grossfe! d Mideast Reg iona l Coach of the Year. . .. . Roger Counc il Midwest Regio nal Coach of t he Yea r ....... Don Robin so n Weste rn Regio nal Coac h of th e Year . ... ...... AI Marino Di visio n II Coac h of th e Yea r . . ...... Di c k Wo lfe

Special Diamond Award Gym Master pro ud ly presents thi s special ho nor to those who have made outstand ing contrib utions to the sport of gymnastics. THE



Chuck Keeney James Rozanas


f:~""a4~(J~,.,., 3200 South Zuni Str ee t


En g lew ood , Co lo rad o 80 11 0

(co nti nu ed from pag e 58)

th at w e are tea c h ing p eopl e, and ultimately, th at's m ore impo rt ant th an teac hin g gy mn ast ics. IS U's own Holl y Wil so n in stru cted us o n th e ca re and preventio n o f athl eti c injuri es. H o ll y is on e of t he very few full y ce rtified wome n athl eti c tra in ers in th e U nit ed States. Mos t of us w ere give n o ur f irst ex p eri ence in tapin g kn ee, ankl e and foo t injuri es indi ge n o us to gymn as ti c acti vity. Perh aps th e m os t va lu abl e in fo rm ation was t hat w hich pertai ned to th e p reve nti o n of " shin splints " . It is custo m to save th e best fo r las t and w ho am I to brea k custo m! Greta Treiber was th e i nspirati o nal for ce be hind us and th e spirit of th e 8th Institu te. She was never mo re demanding o f u s th an she was o f herse lf. W e wer e cons tantl y in awe of he r ca p acit y to give, even w hen we had lo ng sin ce lost o ur ca pacit y to abso rb. If greatness ca n be m easured in t erms o f th e frequ ency o f p os iti ve superl atives, may I interj ect, as a result of th e in stitut e bein g under th e di rection of Greta Tr eiber, it w as th e bes t, fin est, most i n fo rmati ve , most co ngeni al, most ex t raord in ary, mos t. .. gymn as ti c happ ening o f t he yea r. If, aft er pl o dding t hrough th e prev iou s m ass o f rh eto ri c, you are some w hat interest ed in loo kin g i nto nex t yea r's institute, you would be w ise to reserve spa ce earl y. M any of us w ill b e returning, as do so man y form er participants. Among the stud ents in attendan ce this summer were USGF 's Be tt y Meyer, Alice Green, Canadi ans Sand y O rsten and Su sa n Nord een, Oregon 's newl y selected coa ch Carol Strau sbur g, athl e ti c dir ec t o r El e an o r Thomp so n, and ma ny oth ers fro m all p art s o f th e co untry w hom I no w con si der m y fri en ds. Hope t o see yo u t h ere ne xt Jun e ! Rem emb er ... Paul , 206, " Thumper" , Mr . Boo, Harl ey David so n, space ball , DQ, " Veeli e D ea li es " , I HOP, " M mmmm " , Georgi a, Thin g mees, P. Li sa, Co ld Du c k, Laura Scudd er, "We hav e an ol d sayin g in Mi ss ouri .... ", Si ster Ma ry, So Bi g, " Eh ?", Swee t 74, and fin all y, a message from th e Prof... . always and fo rever, TYB ! Inquiries m ay be addressed to M rs. M argit Treiber o r Gail Ch m iele nski , D epartm ent of Women's Ph ys ica l Educati on, Indi an a State Un viersity, Terre H aute, Indi ana. 47809.



Sep. 27·28 FI A L TRI A LS FOR WORLD GAMES: ME at U of Texas at A u stin , WOME N at Lo ng Beach, Ca. Ocl. 14-19 AAU N A TIO NA L CONVEN TIO N , Wash in gton , D.C. Oct. 20-27 WOR LD GAMES M u nich , Ge r man y (o r Varna, Bu lgaria ) USGF TO UR fro m O ct. 14·28.. . Co nt ac t : W m . Mea d e, 'Gymn ast ic Coac h , So u rth e rn Il lin ois , Ca rb o nd ale , Illinois 62901 Nov. 8-10 USG FCO NGRESS site ch anged fro m D en ver to Chicago. Acco rding to USGF ews, " In add itio n to the bu sy schedule start in g Frida y mo rn in g, th e U SG F has ar ranged to start th e Ru ssian To ur in Chi cago o n N ove m be r 8, wit h O lga Ko r bu t an d Ludmilla Tur ishcheva lead in g th e Women Gymnas ts and A ndr ian ov and Kl i menk o lea d ing the Me n Gymn asis . Th e Wo rld Ac robat ic Cha mpions and th e Wo rl d Moder n Rhyth mic Cham p io n s w ill also pe rf o rm o n the to u r. M r. Yu ri Titov, C hief of Gym nas tics in th e USSR , is ex p ected to address th e Co ngress . A ll of the Ru ss ian gy mn asts w ill be in v it ed. Ad va nce reg ist ration w ill be $25. 00 w h ich w ill also in clud e the Sa tu rda y n ight cocktail pa rt y and th e USGF Ba nq u et, and a tic ket to th e Russian perfo rmance o n Frida y eve nin g. Ad va nce regi st rati on s close N o ve mbe r 1, late reg ist ration s w ill b e $30.00 . Please ma il yo ur registration chec k to U SG F Congre s~ , Box 4699, Tu cso n , Ari zo na 86717. Nov. 8-23 RUSSIA N TE AM TOU R O F USA: Nov. 8-9 Chi cago; Nov. 12 Sa n Fra nsc isco ; Nov. 13 Los A n ge les ; ov. 15 N ew Yo r k; N o v. 17-1 8 Boston ; N o v. 20 Cle vela nd ; ov. 22- 23 Spoka n e, Was hingto n (at Wo rl d Fair) Nov. 27- Dec. 9 CH UN IC HI CU P, N agoya, Japan Dec. (early) FIRST USG F PRE· Q UA LIFYI NG M eet and Qu ali fying (wo men) ro un d ( Pan Am Games) 8.75 Ave. Dec (3rd week) FI RST PA AM TRI A L fo r M en sel ect sq uad o f 12 1975 Feb. 14-15 FI RST ELITE Q U A LIF YING M EET (To p 20 gi rl s ad van ce to Pan Am Tr ia ls) Mar. FI N A L TRI A LS for Pan Am Games for m en and w o men lat e Mar. To p 7 go Lale March STA TE USG F ME ETS (21&22 prefe rr ed 28&29 con sidered al so) April 18-19 'A TIO N A L YMCA BO YS A D G IRLS Championsh ips i n Cambridge O hio April 26-May 11 PA AM GAM ES i n Sao Paulo, Brazi l April 4-5 A IAW NA TI O A LS April 11-12 USGF RE GION AL M EETS May 15-1 7 AA U SR. NA TI ONA LS at Kenned y Sr. HS., Cedar Rap ids, Io w a July 18-23 CAN A DA TO CO N D UCT PRE -OL YM PI C COM PET ITIO at Mon t real Forum

Box laa·A, Lake Crystal, Mn. 56055 Phone (507) 726·2534

Write for Complete A ccessory Catalog.


GYMNAST Aug./Sepl. '74




NEW VINYL BALANCE BEAM A one inch layer of speciall y f orm ul at ed cushio ni ng mat 路 eri al is laminated into the bea m t o gi ve great er co mfort and pro t ecti on dur ing lo ng hours o f traini ng.








A QuiCk Performance CheCk for Your Nissen Mats Your Nissen tumbling , wrestling, and floor exerc ise mats are the finest quality available. However, the protective value of any filler or foam can diminish over a period of time. These mats should be inspected regularly for soft spots that may develop and be kept serviceable with firm foam. Why not take 10 seconds now to try the Thumb and Ruler Test. Place a six-inch wood dowel , one-half inch in diameter, in representative areas of the mat. If the dowel can be pressed downward with your thumb (using moderate pressure) below the bottom edge of the ruler when the ruler is placed across the dowel , further investigation is indicated . You should call our TOLL FREE phone number listed below for additional information.


E - ---I

930 27TH AVENUE S.W., CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA 52406 Region 1-Mass., Conn., Vermont, N. Hampshire, Maine, Rhode Island .... . ..... Phone: 413/ 733-7927 Region 2-Pennsylvania, NYC, L. Island, Delaware, New Jersey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phone: 800/ 638-9170 S.C., N.C., Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Virginia . ... .. . ...... .... .... Phone: 800/ 638-9190 In Maryland, D.C . .. ... . ... .. . . . ... .... . ...... . ...... . ...... .. .. . Phone: 263-5685 Region 3-Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, Kentucky, W. Va., Tenn . .. ... ... . Phone: 800/ 348-2814 In Indiana . . ... ... .. ... . ... . .......... .. .. ...... .......... ... .. . Phone: 800/ 552-7826 Region 4-Minn., Missouri, N.D., S.D., Kan., Nebr., Ark., Miss., Okla., Texas, La. . . Phone: 800/ 553-7991 In Iowa ... . ... .... . . . ... .. ....... .... .... . . .. . ....... .. .... . ... Phone: 319/ 365-7561 Region 5-0re., Wash., Cal., Col., N. Mex., Ariz., Idaho, Nev., Utah, Mont., Wyo. .. Phone: 800/ 553-7901 In Alaska, Hawaii . .. . ............. ..... . ... .. . . ..... .. .... . ..... Phone: 319/ 365-7561

Gymnast Magazine - August/September 1974  
Gymnast Magazine - August/September 1974