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MAY-JUNE 1971 Vol. 5 -


May-June 1971 CONTENTS

From the Editor' s Desk .. . . . ... . .. ........ . .. ... . . . .4 Report on the 1971 World Cup Gymnastic Championships .. ...... ... ... .... 6 International Gymnastics Meet, Riga, Latvia ... . .8 Some Observations on the Russian Women's Training and Performance . ....... 9 Russian Gymnastic Training . ....... . . .. .... ..... 12 Historic Performance ........... . . . . .......... . .. 14 Cathy Rigby . ... ................. . ........ ... . . . .. 16 Teaching Layout Vaults . . ......... .. ......... . ... 18 USGF Report .. . .... . . . . . . . .. . . . ........... . ...... 20 Names ' N' News ... . ...... ... . . ... .. . .... .... .... 22 Creative Gymnastics Modern . ... . .... . . ... ...... 26 Letters ......... . .... . . . . .. .. . ... . . ... . .. ... . .... .. 29 Camps and Clinics . . ....... . ....... .. ... ... ..... 30

COVER: Kim Chace - 1971 USGF A ll -A round Ch ampion Sil ver Medalist 1971 World Cup and AAU Championships

GLENN M. SUNDBY - Publisher DENNIES BARBER - Editor A. B. FREDERICK - Assoc. Editor BARBARA B. SUNDBY - Managing Editor HELEN SJURSEN - Contributing Editor








The little girl from Los Alamitos did it again. In answer to A. B. Fredericks' feature she has demonstrated affirmatively that she can do it . .. over and over again . This spring she chalked up a gold medal in South Africa , 1 gold and 2 bronze medals in Latvia, U .S.S.R. , and 5 gold medals at the World Cup June 5th in Miami , Fla. Our congratulations to her again ... and again.




Summer is here and the camp offerings, too. The gymnastic summer camp program has been growing steadily over the years, and there is a myriad of valuable experiences available. Check the list on page 30 for but a few listings that we have received . And CAMP DIRECTORS ... please send us reports (and pictures) so we may report back to all our readers.







We regret DGWS material did not arrive in time for publ ication ... look for a brief reference in the regional coverage in the Names ' N ' News. We have a lot of text in this issue - long desired by those who like to read rather than look. Several features have been put off because of more timely reports. But it should be interesting summer reading . . . enough to hold you over unti I the fall . .. and perhaps the articles will serve as stimulators for when we are at it again ... after this time off to catch up, set back and do a little analyzing and planning . .. the respite and ideas therein that revitalize the spirit and spur us on to . .. do it again . .. to do it better. That's what we'll be doing. We hope your summer is spirited and refreshing!



MADEMOISELLE GYMNAST is published by Sundby Publ i cat i o~ s. 41 0 Broae Nay. Santa Mon ica. California . Second Class Postage paid at Santa Monico. Cal if. Published bi- monthly. Sept. -Oct .. Nov.- Dec.. Jan.- Feb .. MOL -April. and May -June . Price. $3_00 per year, 75c single copy. Subscription cocres pondence Box 777, Santo Monico , Californ ia 90406_ CopyrightI971© All rights reserved by Sundby Publications, 410 Broadway. Santa Monica , California 90401 _

By all means use sometime to be alone_ Salute th yself: see what thy soul doth wear __ _George Herbert

REPORT ON THE 1971 VVORLD CUP GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS Miami, Florida, June 5 By Bruce D av is, M eet Director

Th e World Cup Gymnastic Championsh ips (sponsored by Sports M eet, Inc. , a nonprofit corporat ion) was held on Jun e 5th at M iam i Beach Conventi on Hall. The afternoon session was viewed by over three thou sa nd persons, and th e evenin g crowd was at nea r capacity of 4,5 00 . ABC Wide World of Sports (B ill Fleming) telev ised the meet. Th e flags of the 64 c harter members of th e FIG served as a bac kdrop to the winners' sta nd , and the athl etes paraded th e arena to the mu sica l th eme, One World. The all-around c hampion s won trophi es which were nearly three feet high. Event w inners won three-i nch meda llions with Leonardo da Vin c i's draw ing of a man impressed in th e metal. The ath letes stayed at th e Doral Beach Hotel, Miami 's finest. The women 's superior jud ge was Sharon Pirkle, w ith Sharon Weber, Dodo Stutzenbach, Delene Darst, Barbara March serving on th e panel. Arthur Gander seeded the contesta nts in all events, and the order of events was altered from intern ation al o rd er due to TV. In the girl s' competition Cathy Ri gby jumped out to an ea rl y lead in the va ultin g. All girl s did yamas except Jennifer Diachun , who perfo rmed an in-and-o ut handspring. Beam fo ll owed, with Kim Chace beginning wi th a solid exercise, Sanchez of Spa in fo llowed with an un sure exerc ise. Diachun looked so lid but did not have Kim Chace's range of movements. Uta Schorn at on ly 13 looked quite good but fell on a fl ic-flac, sa ito on the beam.

Cathy Rigby ran away from th e field w ith a superb performan ce. Ri gby went to the night session w ith a .7 lead. Again Ri gby and Chace outtricked all the girl s on the bars with the presc ri bed elegance. Uta Scho rn di smou nted with. under cast front; in warmups I saw her do this in pike. On floor exercise it was again Rigby, Chace and Di achun , who demonstrated better va ri ety of tumbl ing seq uences. Ri gby thu s had a great meet and won five events. Even in a bigger field she would have been hard to beat.

1971 WORLD CUP GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIP Held at Miami Beach Convention Hall June 5, 1971 ALL AROUND - WOMEN

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.



Compet itor

U.S.A. U.S.A. Canada W. Ger. juga Spain

Kathy Rigby Kim Chace jennifer Diachun Uta Schorn Erna Hawe lka josesa Sanchez

Uneven Total Vaulting Balance Floor Beam Exercise Par. Bars 9 .50 9.30 9.20 9.20 8.70 9. 10

9.80 9.30 9.10 8.50 8.90 8.70

9.45 9 .35 9 .20 8.60 8.85 9.00

9 .60 9.40 8.60 8.50 8.95 7.60

38 .35 37 .35 36.10 34.80 35.40 34.40

Erna Hawe lka (Y ugoslavia)


Josesa San chez (Spai n)

Jennifer Diac hun (Canada)


The countri es competing in the international meet held in Riga, Latvia, Apri l 23-26 included U.S.S.R. , U.S.A., Poland, East Germany, Romania, Bulga ri a, Norway, Czechoslovakia, Finland , North Korea, Japa n, Switzerl and and Cuba . The competition was very good, particularly the women, where we felt that the ca li bre was a little bit better, and they were furthe r advanced at this time than were the men. The men appeared to be preparing for later competition and were not quite as sha rp. The meet was run extremely well wi th great dignity and ceremony. The crowd, wh ile not large to start off, became considerably better as the meet progressed. W e all fe lt that our men and women did an outstanding job for the United States. They certain ly gave the Europeans the fee ling that we were to be reckoned w ith in the not-too-d istant future. The transportation from the United States to Moscow, and from M oscow to Ri ga and return to th e United States, was exce ll ent. The train travel was a fine experi ence and gave everyone a so lid appreciation of the size of the cou ntry. The American team was housed at the Metrapole Hotel in Moscow and the Hotel Riga in Ri ga. The accommodations were pleasant, and everyth ing was done to make the stay a pleasa nt one. The coord ination of the entire trip by the Ru ss ian delegation was excell ent. They were more than friendly, did many things to make our stay a memorable one and were most grac ious and considerate at all tim es. The Ru ss ian people that we were ab le to meet were extremely fr iendly. In fact, the feeling was fairly general that they preferred ou r company to some of the other countries. They were curi ous about our student riot si tuation and about the marches in Washington as well as the deaths connected with both. Thi s was the fi rst American gym nastics tea m ever to vis it a foreign country and not have a si ngle member of th e squad have any type of sickness. Our athl etes felt that it was the finest gymnastics trip that they had ever been on, and they felt that our showing was most significant. It was their feeling that thi s type of competition was a gia nt step forward for American gym nastics. Our young people were particularl y well behaved and did an outstanding job representi ng the United States. The impression that they made on other athl etes and Russian dignitaries was an excellent one. It was the feel ing of many of the Ru ss ian offic ial s that they would like to have th is made into an annual affair. It was also the consensus of our coaching staff th at thi s was the best Amer ican group that they had ever traveled with. There were many complete Ru ssia n strangers w ho went out of their way to do a number of th in gs to make the trip for both our athl etes and ou r officials a most pleasant one. I am su re that from the observatio ns of our coac hing staff, as well as Mr. Czekaj, the co ntinuation of suc h a meet as thi s would be most worthwhile, rea li zing, of course, that th e expense is hard to ju st ify, and it is most difficult to come up with the money for such a trip. However, the exposure of ou r people to Russia, and the Russians to our peop le, is most worthwhile. The meet at Riga was te lev ised throughout Ru ssia, and the Ru ss ians had an opportunity to see how our young people looked and how th ey handl ed th emse lves.

International Gymnastics Meet, Riga, Latvia Report by Gordon H. Chalmers President/USG F

Ri gby and coac h Ma rqu ette


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.


U.S.S.R. U.S.A. Czec h Hungary E. Cerm any Roman ia Poland

114.15 111.70 109.50 107.95 107.40 105.75 102.00

Top 3 scores out of 4 Average Average Average Average Average Average Average

9.510 9.305 9. 125 8.995 8.990 8.810 8.500

NOT FULL TEAMS : Japan (2) - 72.25, Average 9.030; Cuba (2) - 64.70, Average 8.085 ; Swiss (1) - 34.55, Average 8.625 ; Norway (1) - 33 .95; Average 8.435 ; Fin land (1) - 32. 15, Average 8.035. U.S.A. INOIVIDUAL PLACINGS : All-Around : Rigby, bronze, 3rd. Floor: Rigby, 6th; Moore, 8th. Beam : Rigby, gold, 1st; Moore, 6th; Clu ff, 7th. Bars: Rigby, bronze, 3rd. Vault: Pierce, 5th; Moore, 6th .



(The material in the 路 fol/owing article was gathered during the US .A.-US.S.R. meet at Penn State Univ . in February 1977 . Appreciation is expressed to Mrs . Kitty Kjeldsen , US. hostess for the Russian women for her comments, and to Mr. George Gulack, who arranged (or the interviews with the Russian coach and athletes .) There is little doubt that the Russian women gymnasts enjoy a team and individual mystique few other groups of athletes can claim. They radiate an air of professionalism and confidence that impresses and often intimidates their competition. It becomes easy to fall into a trap wherein the viewer endows them with near supernatural qualities while, in fact, they are very human and subject to the faults and miscalulations that plaque all of us. However, when it comes to the gymnastic performance, one can be assured that all necessary steps are taken to minimize error and maximize excellence. In an interview with Larisa Latynina, the former "absolute champion" of the U.S.S.R., she discusses some of the differences she feels exist between the Russian and American girls. Although Coach Latynina had many favorable observations to make about individual U.S. girls, she added , " Both teams present original combinations in the different events, but the American team lacks the necessary purity and exactness which can only be achieved through many years of hard work. " Perhaps it would be of value to look at the "hard work" referred to here as it is reflected in the general training program of the Russian girls. TRAINING Workouts run roughly 3-5 hours. The women begin with 30 minutes of vigorous hopping, skipping and jumping. (The men begin with an informal soccer game. Quite often the gals do likewise, and it is disarming to see these ladies who are usually so "reserved " galloping around like overzealous teenagers .) Such activity, of course, gets the body going and accelerates the heart rate preliminary to the formal work. After the initial exercise the team pianist begins to play rather "full bodied" but varied music which continues throughout the workout. Mr. Vevrikh is a concert pianist whose role is to select, compose and play music for the Russian women. This enables him to assist in the development of highly stylized performances based on individual "dynamics" and sense of phrasing. Obviously, this in part accounts for the domination of the Russian women in floor exercise. Such exercises are very exciting to watch because they appear to "fit" the gymnasts personality and constantly highlight her strengths in a very natural manner. (Also omnipresent is the team physician , Dr. Kuznetsov .) The girls spend approximately the next 30 minutes stretching, and I mean REALLY stretching. Every move is done with maximum extension and perfect form. (Remember this is the warmup!) Also during this time the girls perform classic ballet combinations individually and as a team. (They use ballet stretching bars whenever available and also assist each other in some movements.)

Floor Exercise - The next 30 minutes is spent in tumbling. These mechanics are excellent (much improved from 1968 and even from October 1970), and emphasis is again pl aced on execution. The warm-up tumblin g here consists primarily of aerial sequences, handsprings and tuck saltos. The girls line up, and the pianist plays sections of their floor music (usually tumblin g segments but also dan ce) which are watched ca refully by the coa ch and often repeated. The Russians always begin with a preliminary set of movements before movin g into the tumbling pass and continue with the following sequence before stopping and preparing for the next run . Another word , emphasis is pl aced on the smooth transition in and out of each specific tumbl in g section. (I saw no complete F-X routines prior to the competition . See trick section for more comments. ) Following the floor exercise practice the girls break and go to the apparatus according to some predetermined plan. Each gymnast knows where she is going and what she is going to do. The existence of a master training blueprint is apparent. The pace of the workout from this point on is moderate; there are no extended periods of rest, and the coach does not push at any point. Vaulting - Very few vaults were done, however, when the jump is made, it " goes!" Some dry runs and hurdle practice on the floor was seen but not a great deal. The girls wear heavy, wool knee socks (which really get drenched) and slippers. Warm-up suits were on during this event practice. It appeared to this observer that the emphasis here was on the explosion from the board with particular focus placed on the arms and the timing of the thrust. Balance Beam - A tremendous amount of time is spent on the balance beam (by far the majority - 35-45 minutes per gir!! ). Warm-up suits were worn a great deal of the time here as well. The Russian ' s willingness to repeat and drill (psychological as well as physical endurance) was phenomenal. One girl did her mount 24 times in succession before appearin g to be reason ably satisfield . The obvious intent of all the women was a limitless striving for perfection. While one girl was working mounts on one end, another gymnast utilized the other section of the beam for work on her skills. Whenever possible they use each beam on a one-to-one ratio - a girl per beam . Everyone practiced their last pass, plus dismount. The rest of the time was spent on the repetition of particular passes from routines. The girls persisted , and their overall consistency was outstanding. Every girl did front and/or back walkovers - repeated not solely to improve mechanics (little room for that) but in an effort to extend their bodies even beyond visible maximum amplitude. At this point it becomes a matter of individual psychological attitude. The male coach, Rastorotsky, indicated that each trick must be so executed as if the entire individual and national effort rested upon that single skill! Hand and arm movements were precise. The difficulty level was quite high as well but a bit stock for the most part. (See tri ck section of this article.)


Uneven Bars - In this event the Russians ' dedication to perfection and great stress on the mastery of fundamentals became the most obvious. The girls removed the tops of their warm-up suits here and when doing routines (generally two apiece) removed the bottoms as well. Full amplitude was apparent on everything there was simply no letup tolerated in this regard , and the girls reminded each other of this fact. They work moderately heavy again repeating over and over, not only tricks and combinations but oftentimes simple connectors so essential for a real " swinging" exerc ise. The most emphasized skill appeared to be the hecht done off the low bar (LB) and uff the high bar (HB) both facing in and out as a dismount. If a girl used a hecht with a full off HB facing out, she would first do a dozen nontwist hechts and then perhaps two with the twist - once more fundamental first even at this level. (No spotting was provided here or on beam unless crucial. When needed , Mr. Rastorotsky provided the muscle.) Fundamentals such as back hip circles, front hip circles and glide kips were repeated many times. A favorite warm-up combination used by most of the girls was - glide kip to support on LB (facing out), front hip circle, cast off bar, glide kip catch HB, drop glide kip support on LB , front hip circle, etc. , finally finishing with glide kip catch HB, straddle over LB , kip up to HB to support, cast, hecht. The combination was executed 3-5 times before the dismount was thrown . (Some of these warm-up sets look better from the point of view of execution and amplitude as some gymnasts' full competitive exercises!) General Observations - There was obvious warmth and communication between the coach and the gymnasts and among the girls themselves. It was very clear that the coach knew where trouble spots were, and he made contact with each girl during the workout - some more than others. Many of the coaches' " messages" to the athletes were " nonverbaL " This brings me to one of the most striking aspects of the Russian women's training. Just as the music was continual the talking was virtually nonexistent. It actually was a bit spooky . During the long hours of work (although I did not keep an accurate measure of this), I would estimate, conservatively, that no more than a couple of dozen verbal exchanges took place within the entire group. (This means between the gymnasts themselves as well as between the girls and the coach). In my work as staff psychologist with our men ' s national coaching staff, I surveyed many top athletes asking them to spell out the characteristics they felt important in a good coach. It is interesting indeed that the most proficient performers (based on competitive record) indicated that a high positive quality in a coach was that he " not talk too much" and " only speak when he really has something to say. " Carrying this further one wonders about the American ' s apparent cultural pre-disposition to " chatter." Continual verbiage takes its toll in regards to pure physical endurance and can surely break or distract from the total concentration and discipl ine needed to obtain perfection at an advanced level. Although everyone needs social interaction, the gym, as the behavior of these superb Russian athletes suggests, is not the best setting for such dialogues. Other Comments - Some Personal Notes - The Russian women

felt that we eat far too much . They are restricted to one meal per day during training. This is supplemented by oranges, Hershey bars (they love chocolate) and sweet tea . Physically they take extremely good care of themselves. During workouts sponge rubber pads were used liberally. I saw no tape on any girl , although this is not definite. They keep warm at all times. The team is older than the U.S. group with the exception of Turisheva (19), and all were married except for her. The girls, however, go by their maiden names. (Their husbands travel with them .) Some indication of their excellent condition can be gleamed by the fact that Voronina (2nd AA) had given birth to a child just three and one-half months before the U.S.A. competition. The girls dress very young. Hair styles are quite simple - ponytails with ribbon , etc. Only Petrik wore her hair up in a "formal" way. No makeup is worn except eye accent which is very well handled and appropriate to each girl's color and facial contours. Mrs. Kjeldsen indicated to me that the coach spoke of striving to obtain a " youthful , scrubbed, fresh look." They definitely succeed . Petrik is the most tailored looking of the Russian women. In attitude, the girls are somewhat reserved, businesslike and very professional. At an evening reception I had an opportunity to see these athletes in a different setting. Although they were friendly , they still maintained an air of being in control of themselves at all times. I did not see any of the girls smoking. The men on the other hand smoke considerably and also appeared to enjoy American beer!

PERFORMANCES, TRICKS ANO COMMENT In this section the various skills shown at the meet will be I isted straight from your author's notebook with a few comments when appropriate. Floor Exercise - The Russian women's tumbling has come a long way . Our American girls dominated the front tumbling sequences with some real fine work. To this observer these U.S.S.R. ladies epitomize the tops in floor work (composition and execution) . Their sense of drama and showmanship is simply terrific. There were many high fulls, and Turistcheva has a 1 Y2 twist. (it should be noted that our girls all did fulls, plus unique combos, and I ieei we' re looking better every year.) The Russians are clearli striving for combined and alternate tumbling passes (e.g., roundoff back handspr. with Y2 twist, tinsica, etc.) From the notes - F-X highlights: Sikharulidze - tumbl ing very high - front and side saito, full, arabian - 9.35. Petrik - round off back handspr., Y2 turn out, front handspr. step out, good full - 9.05. Voronina - Wow! everything - sharp hands - crisp and really coordinated with her music - 9.55 . Karaseva - round off back handspr., full, handspr., Y2 twist, into front spl it. 3-side aerials, no steps between - 9.65. Turistcheva - Beautiful work, smooth, well paced. Round off back handspr. , arabian , step out, round off back handspr., back tuck. Her layout was really stalled - 9.7. Moore (U .S.) - our best performer here. Joan did a real good job, and she'll be pleased to know that Latynina gave her special


eagle grip (facing out), Y2 turn to drop glide on LB - 9.35.

mention in an interview. Round off, back handspr., whip back, back handspr. , layout. Front handspr. , front salta. Everything clean and high. Niceaerial front - tight and lifted - 9.6. Vaulting - Nothing rea lly new shown here which was disappointing. Many Yamas' and a couple of twists in and off but no outstanding vault. It seems to this author that we sti ll don't really commit ourselves in this event (run!!). When we cha nge pace, it's a deceleration - for the Russians it always appears to be an acceleration. Balance Beam - Fairly stock work here with a few exceptions (aerial front) - but fairly clean . Routine mounts but more daring dismounts - fulls off, gainers, etc. Routines tended to be stop and go (jerky) rather than the kind of smooth flow seen in free exercise which is app lica ble to beam . According to the Russian coach, they are working toward this kind of expression on the beam as well as higher overall difficulty. Backhandsprings are now quite common, and more side and front aeri al combos will be seen (e.g. , back handspr. , full turn , front handspr. , step out or front aeria l). More one-arm back and front walkovers seen, valdez combos common, as was handstand front walkover, tinsica, pirouette combos in handstand, etc. No matter where the difficulty goes, there is still plenty of room for improvement on beam in terms of delivery and spa rk. Sikharulidze - one hand front walkover, mount - handstand front walkover, aerial front (really stuck - it better be!), tinsica , back handspr.-back tuck off - 9.45 . Voronina - really c lassic performance. Tinsica, front walkover, valdez-back handspr., interesting on beam work - 9.4. Karaseva - different on beam work - Japanese (front) split with big body wave - very impressive, stiff-stiff press, valdez, front walkover from knee after knee-scale full turn (one bad break) - 8.90. Turistcheva - back handspr. on beam, back handspr.-full off dismount. Swing time forward rolls, first free, second to high "V" sit-whip out to front split - 9.4. Petrik - whip up front walkover - gainer handspr. (falD - she did a beautiful contraction - 9.05! Rigby (U.S.) - our best performer here. Cathy won the event with another ni ce job. Excellent control. Worked with bare feet this time. Backhandspr., whip up handstand-front walkover, one hand front walkover. Good hands-sharp to soft, front with full dismount - 9.65. Uneven Parallel Bars - As was the case at the World Games bars presented the most exciting exercises. As was indicated in the training section of this article execution , execution and swing is what gives "great bars" their appeal. Extension was complete, casts were always over 45 degrees, many to handstands, and overall impression was that there was littl e that could be done to get anymore amp litude out of some of the skills and combinations shown . If we remember Webster's definition of amp litude "the extreme range of a fluctuating quality" - then that's saying something! Some highlights : Sikharulidze - front hip circle on LB facing HB, catch HB With

Karaseva - Y2 front seat circle facing out on HB (LB behind back) - Y2 twist to back hip circle on LB - 9.3. (This is a rough translation and may be an inaccurate description of what I saw, but I put it in for your "translation" and apo logize - w ho knows, perhaps you'll come up with an original!) Petrik - stock, good execution - front salta to HB (very well done, she came down onto the bar , three-quarter back seat circle on HB facing in to drop glide on LB , pop with full , etc. 9 .25. Voronina - mount - vault, Y2 twist catch HB immediate kip to support on fiB - real pretty. Excellent form, hecht/full dismount - 9.4. Turistcheva - Straddle (HB) on sa le circle, shoot off 1 Y2 twist regrasp HB, a "swan" (Voronin in men's terminology) arms at side into LB off HB, free reverse sale circle (Stadler) - great swing - 9.65 . Pierce (U.S.) - our best performer here. Impressive swing Roxanne really uses her back well. Takamoto mount on LB facing out, standing on LB facing HB-jump with Y2 twist into back straddle catch (between legs) into three-quarter free straddle back turn to drop glide on LB - 9.4. (Kim Chace also did a nice job on bars, and her flexibility enables her to give a specia l dynamic quality to her work which is quite impressive 9.35.) Other stu nts observed during the week on bars - many pop fulls, hecht/full a common dismount now (off LB) - we will see many more of these off HB out and also over LB. Hecht with Y2 twist off HB into LB (over top), hecht off LB - facing in to HB catch HB in eagle grip or hecht off LB facing in to HB, Y2 twist to catch HB in regular grip, straddle legs and drop to glide on LB, back stoop circle on LB facing HB, Y2 twist to catch HB in eagle grip facing LB , free hip on LB to immediate stoop c ircle on LB (C hace - well done) - big in crease in double cut catch combos, straddle sale circle over LB from HB- Y2 turn-whip uprise to HB into back hip circle hecht or into free hip over onto LB, straddle over and back mount or straddle over to long hang kip on HB, front sammis still considered a big trick, full twists to regrasps off Land HB in combo another su re trend, multiple handstand variations, etc. , etc. Without a doubt bars have really arrived just look at the exercises of Janz, Turistcheva and Zuchold, and you know what I mean . (An additional note - Turistcheva is supposedly working her straddle sale circle 1 Y2 twist over and into the LB rather than out as she currently does it. I did not see same during my observations.) This concludes your reporter' s observation on this particular competition and the Russian women's training. It should be noted here that our girls did a wonderful job and really gave the Russia ns a run for their money . Congratulations to Mrs. Grossfeld and Mr. Marquette and especially to our ladies (and their coaches! ). (Future articles will deal with specific interviews held with the gymnasts.)

路11 路

Russian Gymnastic Training submitted by Dick Criley

(The following article has been condensed from translations by Dick (riley, Lawrence Haefner and Prof. Ralph Baldner from French articles reporting on international physical culture conference. Part I by Mme. Z. A. Sadikova , a professor of physical education in Moscow, was translated into French by Mme. Atchkova of the Central Institute of Physical Culture, Sofia , Bulgaria : Gymnastics as the Principal Means of Physical Education. L' Homme Sain 18:262-265. 1967. Part" was translated into French by Mme. jeanmart, a professor of physical education, Grenoble, France: Mrs. Sadikova ' s Lessons. L' Homme Sain 18 :266-271. 1967.)

In the Soviet system of physical education , gymnastics is the first progression and represents one of the principal means of physical development. It provides a great richness of physical exercises which exert a variety of influences upon the pupils in developing in them strength, endurance, quickness and dexterity. At the same time gymnastics affects various parts of the body as well as specific groups of muscles. Russian scientists such as Setchenov, Pa vlov, Metchnikov, Lesgaft, Grinevskji and others treat gymnastics as the most active fa ctor in the increase of the capacity to work and as the best means of active rest (recreation ?) . Lesgaft has written, " Spiritual instruction and physical instruction are tied so closely that they represent a unique work of the (Soviet) school; any partial development (that is, incomplete practice) tends to destroy the harmony of instruction and does not create the conditions of a complete development of the man." During gymnastics classes the students learn a number of exercises which they must execute with different intensity, various amplitudes or a different character from the standpoint of muscular efforts and in different conditions at precise and controlled rates. The complete activity of physical culture of the students is determined and directed by a formal program of the state. Gymnastics is one of the principal subjects of the program . The lessons of gymnastics as well as the other subjects of the program must accomplish the main purposes of physical education: (1) To promote health and to contribute to physical development; (2) to develop and perfect motor and natural aptitudes ; (3) to develop the principal motor skills of strength, quickness, endurance and dexterity; (4) to bring out courage, perseverance, a sense of discipline, of friendship and togetherness : (5) to develop an interest in the systematic teaching of physical culture and sport. The phys;cal exercises essential to formal gymnastics are divided into several groups: . 1. Exercises of order. These contribute to the development of aptitudes of collective activities, the correct attitude of the body, discipline, etc. 2. Exercises of general development. Such exercises are specially organized to develop muscles of the arms, legs and trunk of the body as well as the motor aptitudes necessary for life and for active sports. Marching has an educative importance because in the process of learning the different techniques and different sorts of marches, the student learns to march correctly and efficiently. Climbing exercises have a general importance for many of the groups of muscles in the goal of developing the principal motor qualities as well as the moral qual ities. 3. Exercises of application . Throwing exercises develop general coordination and perfect dexterity, quickness and exactness of movement. Exercises of balance develop confidence, attention , perseverance courage, etc. Resistance exercises serve to train the will and to direct the correct application of stren gth. Students can also do special exercises in order to develop their strength. 路12路

4. Acrobatic exercises. Thanks to the great interest they stimulate, acrobatic exercises have a substantial application in the gymnastics lessons. They contribute to the development of dexterity, strength and kinesthetics. 5. Exercises on apparatus. It is not necessary for the student to achieve great sporting results but simply that the exercises be employed with a view to the harmonious development of the student. 6. Vaulting. The vaults are basic. They strengthen and develop the.muscles of the upper and lower extremities. 7. Dance. 8. Elements of artisti c gymnastics and choreography. The work in the sports section of gymnastics is organized, according to the "principles of the collective of physical culture in the school " as ratified in 1960. New student members who have shown a liking for gymnastics and who are judged fit after a medical examination are admitted at the beginning of the school year in September. The young are grouped, according to age, sex and physical preparation as well as technique: - The preparatory group: boys from 10-12, girls from 9-11 . - The second junior category: boys of 13, girls of 12. - The first junior category: boys of 14, girls of 13. Older students beginning in gymnastics are entered in groups according to their technical preparation. The number of students in a group decreases from a maximum of 15 in the preparatory group to lOin the first junior category. The two lower groups meet two to three times a week for 1 Y2-2 hours while the first junior category meets three times a week for a duration of 2-2Y2 hours. Competition is an inseparable part of the program of formal training. The period of competition is preceded by a preparatory period of five to seven months. Competition season is followed by a transition period which begins at the end of the school year in June. During this period the youngsters are occupied in different sports and pass the qual ifications for their diplomas.

Part II

Examples of lessons. The beginning of the period is always the same. The class I ines up facing the instructor, executes a quarter turn to the right at the count of two. The class is then in a straight line and go marching around the gym at a cadenced walk. Then they go from walking to running, then a return to walking. They also perform hairpin turns at the ends of walks along the diagonal, alternating a normal cadenced walk and walking on their toes. On a count of 4 : 1. Raise the arms horizontally; 2. lowerthe arms; 3. same movement rising on toes ; 4. lower the arms and rest on th e heel s. On a count of eight with legs apart and hands on hips : 1. Turn the body to the right; 2. return ; 3. and 4. the same to the left and back; 5. side bend of the body to the right with right foot pointed laterally, right hand on hip and left arm vertical; 6. return ; 7. and 8. the same to the left side. Standing, legs apart, hands on hips: bend the body forward horizontally, return , repeat rapidly. Standin g, feet together: Squat, placing fingers on the floor and return - in rapid counts of 2. To a count of 4: Crouch , placing hands on floor in crouch position , extend the legs rearward to a push-up position and return to crouch. Seated with legs extended and joined , the back straight and the arms extended forward : raise the right leg and clap the hands

under this leg. Same exercise with the left leg. Perform a V seat and touch the hands under the legs. Seated with legs straddled: rotate and turn body to right leg touching right foot with the left arm and the right arm behind. Repeat with left side. jump with extension to make a balanced landing : land in a bent knee position with feet together and on balance.

and with the same momentum place both feet simultaneously on the low bar and come to a rear seat support. Raise the right leg high, then return to support; repeat with left leg. Raise either leg and make V2 turn to arrive in straddle position facing HB with the arms held out horizontally (hold). Do a half turn to original position (seated on low bar with back to high bar) , sit with legs outstretched, then jump forward to on-balance dismount. Uneven bars - girls 13-14. Facing the low bar, jump to swinging hang from high bar; bend the knees and shoot forward to seat on low bar without touching the low bar with the feet in passing. Raise the right leg and turn toward the left % of a turn on the left thigh to assume the straddle position , right hand on the high bar and left arm horizontal. join the two legs and swing them to the inside of the bars and swing them further to the right, disengaging the right hand and pushing vigorously with the left hand as the legs pass rearward over the low bar. Flex the knees and come to a balanced stand in the upright position. (No dismount given .) Uneven bars - girls 16-17. Outside and facing the low bar execute a hip pullover to front support. Raise the right leg over the low bar to straddle position. Bring the left leg around to sit on the low bar in balanced position, the place the left foot on the lower bar and rise to a standing position with the right leg extended forward. Pass the right leg horizontally over the high bar and behind executing a turn to the stomach (free support on high bar) . Place the left hand on the low bar and cartwheel forward to land in an upright position. (The translators were unable to figure out how the gymnast got to the front support position facing the low bar so as to be in place to do the dismount.) Balance Beam - preparatory group. jump to support and swing the leg (r or I) to straddle position on the beam . (Momentarily balanced position) , placing one foot, then the other flat in front, rise to a stand, raise the left leg to the rear with the left arm vertical (downward) and the right horizontal (sidewards) - a modified forward scale. join the two feet (return to stand). Take four walking steps and then a simple half turn on the toes. Place one foot forward, raise rear leg to execute a forward scale. Slowly return to stand with arms held horizontally. Run lightly to about two feet from the end of the beam and jump in extended position to land with flexed legs, then rise to upright position. Balance Beam - girls 16-17. Starting from a straddled support position , raise legs to a balanced sitting position on the beam (V seat or L seat?). Place one foot on the beam and shift the weight to come to a half-raised position. Place the other foot in front (which serves as a support) for a dorsal balance, arms rounded forward . Stretch the free leg forward and rise to execute two polka steps and a few walking steps with body waves. Arriving at the end of the beam, pose on the toes with the arms rounded in a circle overhead . Crouch while lowering one arm (the one corresponding to the rear leg) and execute a half turn crouched and raise the lowered arm and rise on the toes. Take one step and perform a front scale. Swing the rear leg forward to a lunge with the arms horizontal and the head flung backwards. Place the hands on the beam , then a knee and hold a balanced position on one vigorously upward and to the side, land with flexed legs, then rise to upright position.

Exercises in agility. Starting from a crouched position, execute a halfback roll with the back well rounded and return to the crouched position. Seated in tuck position: execute a halfback roll to the candle position with the hands supporting the hips. Return to the tuck position and roll back to the crouch position . Repeat the preceding and upon reaching the crouch position , spring upwards in an arched jump. Crouch , forward roll. For 12-year-olds: Continuous forward rolls. Also forward roll to crouch position, backward roll and return to crouch position , stand up and perform a straddle jump. Forward roll to balanced position on seat. For 14-year-olds: Forward roll from crouched position finishing in seated position with legs outstretched. Roll half backwards to candle position . Reassume the tuck position and roll forward to an immediate jump. For lS-year-olds (as a sequence): Roll forward to crouch position, return via a backroll to arrive in a knee scale position. Raise free leg and bring it around and forward to a pose, rise and join the two feet in a leap.

Choreography, classical work at the bar. Second position: rising on the toes, raising the arms. Second position: Demi-plie, raising arms sideways and return. Lateral bend in the direction of the bar and return , arms in second position. Third position: grand battements tendu (forward, laterally and to the rear and laterally).

Additional exercises from various age groups: Walking with a springy walk, alternately raise the arms in opposition to the leg movements. Exercises with the baton: Many of the same exercises as previously with the baton held in the appropriate hand. Running and jumping over a Swedish vaulting box. Practice also landing with the feet together. With a medicine ball: Passing the ball to a partner by extending the arms, by jumping and passing the ball with the arms stretched overhead ; relays in which the ball is pushed forward on a course with the legs ; passing the ball between the legs. On the balance beam: Walk on the beam to the end , leap in extended position to land with feet together, knees flexed to a balanced landing; walk a length of the beam, simple half turn, run and leap at the end, landing as described. Using wall bars: Abdominal exercises, muscular exercises for waist, shoulders and arms, individual work on splits. With light balls and using elements of choreography: In a circle and to the rhythm of a slow polka, throw the ball to the ground with both hands and to the right when the polka step is done with the right foot. Same thing, but throw the ball over the head from one hand to the other while shifting the weight of the body from one foot to the other. Combine all of these exercises. In another variation , each group is seated on a bench and has a special music. When the group recognizes its melody, it arises and plays out a rhythmic expression of this music. As soon as another melody is heard, the group returns to its bench.

Conclusion Certainly, upon rereading these lines, we do not have the impression of having learned many new things; however, we will remember and extremely precise course, exercises executed with precision and rigor, indispensable qualities for all gymnastic work. (The translators concur with Mme. jeanmart' s conclusion. We have only admiration and sympathy for U.S. officials who must translate the FIG exercises from French into English.)

Examples of progressions on apparatus: Uneven Bars -

Preparatory group. jump to grasp high bar



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by A. B. Fredericks When I suggested recently to Bud Marquette that Cathy Rigby will rep resent our best hope for a medal at the Munich Olympiad (in gy mn ast ics, th at is), he quietl y raised two fingers in a victory sign and uttered "two." Many of the Americans w ho have seen Cathy and the SCATS on their recent tour of the United States might read il y agree. In addit ion to turnin g the beam into a floor exerc ise area, she wo rk s the bars wi th the nonchalance of a Nakayama. Regardless of th e predi cted goa l of two, it is very likel y that th e " Ri gby" will become a part of th e intern ation al language of gym nast ics when Bud' s "Little Cath y" sti cks her underswing fro nt off in the finals. (Mo re about this fa ntast ic dismount in the future when I attempt to desc ribe its progression fo r our readers. ) We all know by now that Cathy did it at the world cha mpionships in Yugoslavia. Her performance earned for the United States its first medal of any co lor in thi s event. To preserve th at performance for our readers, we are inc luding the acti o n seq uence of Ca th y' s Silver Medal beam performance w ith a brief description of its content. By now, of course, thi s historic routin e has changed a bit. Whil e on tour Cathy was showing her back hand sprin g (more li ke a rapid ly thrown back tin sica) and may yet master a back somersa ult on the beam. I, fo r one, believe that Cathy ca n do it, and the seq uences presented with thi s thou ght should offer ample testimony that th e little whirlwind ca n repeat again next yea r.









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A Silver Medal Performance


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(Numerals follow those found on the drawings.) 1-6 Straddle mount, press to handstand 7-9 Step down and lunge 10-13 Torso twist to .. . 14-18 Stag leap 18-22 High kick, turn (r) to ... 23 Kneel , twist left and ... 24-28 High kick, Arabesque, high ki ck 29-35 Tinsica 36-41 Brief pose-twist to forward one-arm walkover 41-49 Arm switch, turn to high kick to ... 50-57 Splits, recover to lunge 58-70 Steps, torso twist, kneel and split scale 72-78 Back single-arm walkover 79-84 Back bend to Stag handstand to split handstand 85-89 Slowly lower through needle s.cale (not tight) to scale 91-100 Pose (bent knee) to V2 turn to end of beam to % turn and ... 101-104 Forward roll through needle to .. . 105-109 Whip (cast) to handstand and .. . 110-113 Forward walkover out and ... 114 High toe touch 115-117 Two steps backward to forced sca le and ... 118-128 Chasse step to forward, full twisting somersault dismount.




Method layout

The above-mentioned vaults are very difficult and require a high preflight. With this high prefl ight there occurs rotation which is difficult to control. Without precise movements of the head, arms and the body, it is impossible to stop the rotation of the body duri ng the pre and postfl ight. When performing this movement, the approach run must be very fast with an explosive takeoff, allowing the gymnast to arrive on the horse. When the hands come in contact with the horse, they are as far forward of the shoulders as possible. The straight or sl ightly arched body should be at an angle about 45 degrees to the horizontal. In this position a strong pushoff is performed by the gymnast. The body then arches at the hips while the upper body sinks between the shoulders due to the force exerted by the gymnast's momentum . From this position the gymnast very quietly performs a flexion of the body bringing the legs downward and forward. The legs are stopped quickly causing the upper body to rise. The preceding description of the leg movement, that is the swing up, then a quick flexion at the hips with a sudden stop, is the basic characteristic of all vau lts with a high preflight (Fig. 1l. If this action is performed correctly, the gymnast will be able to minimize the amount of rotation that will occur during a high preflight as the legs together with the body move in an up-and-forward direction. This is then changed to an explosive downwardand-forward movement which is in the opposite direction. This reaction , if performed correctly, will minimize or effectively stop the body' s downward rotation . Lifting the head, shoulders and the body also aids in a strong and effective pushoff. The pushoff itself must be complete immedi ate ly; the shoulders pass the vertical position over the hands. For squat with a high preflight as the hands come in contact with the horse, the gym nasts executes a quick flexion of the hips and bends the knees in a downward-and-forward motion. For straddle vault, gymn ast simultaneously with quick flexion of the hips, moving legs sideward , downward and forward motion. 路18路

of Vaults:






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The stoop vault with a high preflight is sometimes seen in seniors'


competition. If performed technically correct, that is, with a high preflight, a strong pushoff and high postflight with a good landing, it is possible for a senior gymnast to obtain a very good score. After the hands come in contact with the horse, gym nast then performs a very quick piking action with the hips. The feet and legs coming in a forwa rd and downward motion . The swinging act ion of the legs must be explosive and stop quickly (flexion of hips should not be more than 90 degrees) caus ing a reaction in the upper body. The gymnast's body during the postflight must be stra ight or slightly arched. The above technique in performing vaults w ith a high preflight requires excellent coordin ation and precise performance of all movements.


Prof. Boris Bajin, M.P.E. Yugoslavian Women's Coach

METHOO OF TEACHING : 1. From standing, kick up to slightly arched handstand. Simultaneously flex hips and push off through shoulders (Fig. 2) . 2. From extended push-up position, snap hips up to sli ghtly arched handstand. Simultaneously flex hip and push off through shoulders (Fig. 3). 3. Using box or piled mats, jump to slightly arched handsta nd . Simultaneously flex hips and push off throu gh shoulders (Fig. 4) . 4. Using box or horse. Perform as in exerc ise 1 (Fig. 5). 5. Using box or horse. Swing up to slightly arched handstand. Flex hips, push off through shoulders, squat legs through to extended landin g on floor. Perform same exercise in straddle and stoop position (Fig. 6). 6. From standing on beat board with hands on horse. Jump to 3,4 handstand. Flex hips, push off through shoulders, land on beat board . Then perform with a few walking steps (Fig. 7). 7. With short run , jump to sli ghtly arc hed 3/ 4 handstand position. Flex hips, push off through shoulders, squat onto horse. Stand, jump up to full extension in air, land (Fig. 8). NOTE: In all these exercises, the gymnast must synchronize the powerful flexion of the hips and push off through the shoulders.






U.S.G.F. COACHES - GYMNASTS - JUDGES in the United States . .. Memo pertaining to difficulties in women 's gymnastic events from Jackie Uphues, women 's technical committee chairman The following material contains questions pertaining to difficulties that have been directed to Mrs. Uphues' office. The answers based on the 1970 FIG Code of Points are the interpretations and decisions regarding these questions. In order that we can remain consistent throughout the country the decisions are binding, and all of us must follow them. Mrs. Uphues has indicated no difficulty, medium or superior with an explanation of the interpretation and reference when necessary.

Balance Beam 1. Round-off dismount off the end of the beam. Ans. No difficulty 2. Run on mount with momentary support of hand obi ique. Ans. No difficulty 3. Run on mount on the end of the beam with momentary support of hand, not to scale or one leg. Ans. No difficulty Item 2 and 3 without hand support - medium (relate to page 55 , #5 M) . Item 2 and 3 to immediate scale (free leg continues backward upward) Superior (relate to page 55, #4 and #5 M). 4. Lateral split mount Ans. If she can immediately jump into a side sp lit, it is medium . (page 58 , #13) 5. Front roll through a cartwheel mount. Ans. If it is a front roll arriving on one leg and an immediate cartwheel , it is superior. (Relate to 1. Mts, # 1, Superior, page 54 .) 6. Front roll through to a straddle position mount. In the book it lists just a front roll no-after position. Medium skill in straddle position or must she come up onto her feet. Ans. She must come to her feet or continue into another element. (1. Mts., #8, Medium, page 56.) 7. No hand roll mount - same thing. Straddle position or up on one foot. Ans.l foot - page 73 - 6. Rolls #1 Superior 8. Forward roll mount continue through handstand roll out two suoerior ski lls or one? Ans. 1. Forward roll mount with hands throu gh handstand forward rollout - Superior 2. Forward roll mount continue through handstand - roll forward without hands - 2 superiors 9. Hand grasp beneath beam on rolls - technical deduction? If so, how muc h? Ans. None if roll has continuity, no momentary stops and maintenance of " V" piked position throughout. 10. Is there any case where two forward rolls with hands on the beam is considered superior? Ans. No 11. Regular split on beam - is this medium? Ans. No - unless combined with another move as indicated in table of difficulties. (Handstand, walkover, headstand roll to split, etc .) 12. In the DGWS Training of Judges Manual, there is listed on page 38, "a pullout of the split as Medium Difficulty. " Could you comment on the way this is performed for the Medium Difficulty as splits are basic moves? Right? Ans. This is an old interpretation and not considered as a medium diffi culty as of 1970 FIG Code Edition.

UNEVEN BARS 1. Glide - half turn - glide kip mount. Ans. Medium 2. Same as above, within routine. Ans. Medium


Report 3. Glide - straddle cut - glide within routine. Ans. Superior (Madame Nagy - Hungarian Code - contrary to page 30, #5M - could possibly mean " basket straddle cut catch" as in #4M on page 29) 4. Sole circle underswing off the low bar, di smount with full twist. Ans. Medium (much eas ier than move from V2 back hip c ircle) 5. Same, off the high bar facing out (not over low bar). Ans. Su perior 6. Same, over low bar. Ans. Note: With rega rds to #5 , 6, th e sole circle full twist from the high bar over low or away from low bar is a superior difficulty. This is not as difficult a move as that listed on page 48, # 3 superior which involves a full twist from a half back hip c ircle from the high bar. It is also not as difficult as a sole circle full and V2 twist, followed by a regrasp on the high or low bar or a sole c ircle V2 twist (swa n or arch during free position) over low bar with a regrasp low bar. But there must be easier superiors. 7. Flank cut dismount off high bar. Ans. Medium 8. Pla in kip to high bar (from suspension couchee) in combination with a front hip c ircle, doubl e leg squat throu gh or another element. Ans. M edium 9. Plain hecht off high bar facing out (away from low) Ans. Superior 10. Mount - combination Medium Mount #3 , page 23 ; stop after third figure , continue with Medium difficulty #3 , page 27, starting with second figure. (Straddle vault over low bar with V2 turn catching high bar immediate kip without going through long hang position.) Ans. Superior 11 . Running approach or from standing, facing low bar, jump with half turn to back straddle over low bar to glide (Y2 turn back straddle mount) Ans. M edium. Comments welcome! 12. Underswing full turn dismount (page 48 , superior # 3); is it over the low bar or either way? Ans. Over LB - but if done away from LB it's still superior don 't encourage it. 13 . Glide kip mount to front support. Ans. No difficulty unless continuation without stop into another element. 14. Glide, single leg shoot through mount. Ans. No difficulty unl ess continuation without stop into another element. 15. Reverse kip to the high bar from a long hang. Ans. Superior 16. Mount: jump to a straddle glide on low bar, turn for another straddle glide to an upper bar catch. Ans. Medium 17. a. Back straddle over upper bar, underpass, V2 turn catch, Y2 turn drop glide, upper bar catch. The whole sequence is continuous. b. If medi um, would it be a superior sequence if a V2 turn was added on after the drop glide - so that it would be (Y2 turn ca tch , Y2 turn drop glide, Y2 turn upper bar catch). See page 29, #3 Superior . . Ans. a. The term underpass is not clear. Do you mean fake wrap or tummy beat? As it is written, it is medium. If you mean back straddle catch HB, drop and catch LB, then that part done is Superior. See page 43 , #2 Superior. b. The portion in parenthesis is a bad combination - too jerky and heading nowhere. Page 29, # 3 Superior sigh only V2 turn is a highly controversial superior difficulty and has been generally accepted as Medium by

al l techni cal authorities. Full turn (360掳) is superior. 18. Front support on lower bar facing outward, cast to squat pos ition , immediate free back stradd le over upper bar (b lind jump) through a hip circle, eag le drop glide. Ans. All back stradd les are blind jumps. See page 43, # 2 Medium and #2 Superior. 19. Handsta nd pirouette (V2 turn) dismount at height of upper bar. Ans. Any hi gh handstand dismount - V4 turn , stoop, straddle, squat, etc., is Super ior. 20 . Front support fac ing lower bar, cast to a straddle pos ition (sole c ircle) pass under upper, release hands and feet w hil e making a half-turn dismount, land fac ing lower bar. Ans. Th e above is medium . Refer to Dismounts #8 Superior for explanation of "yama " or ang le jump % turn as Superi or. Don't confuse what you have written above as thi s superior dismount. Any movement initi ating from a back hip circle undershoot is more difficult than from a so le circle. A lso "V" position must be held before V2 turn is begun in superi or form of dismount. 21 . Standing on the low bar, fac ing the upper bar - cast or jump to straddle so le ci rcle half turn w ith fu ll release of hand and regrasp, underpass low bar, eag le, drop glide, upper bar catch. Ans. Medium 22. Front support upper bar, come under upper ba r (% hip circle angle jump) shoot over lower bar, V2 turn to land faci ng upper bar. Ans. See Di smou nts, Superior #8. 23. A coac h has one of her team members doing a full twi st (360掳) jump and turn in the air to a catch on the low bar into a glide kip facing th e high ba r. She begins sta nding o n th e mat facing the low bar. It is not li sted in the Code of Points, but does thi s full tw ist or turn " before" she touches any bar constitute a Superi or Difficulty? Ans. Yes, but it is agreed that th e full tw ist must occur from a running takeoff. 24 . From a fro nt support on HB, turn backward (begi n back hip circle), shoot forward w ith fu ll turn over LB to a side sta nd rea rways. Ans. An underswi ng full turn is Superior. (P. 48 - # 38) 25. From a fro nt suppo rt o n HB fac ing inwa rd , turn backward (V2 back hip circle) into a ju mp moving forward over the LB (shoot) with V2 turn around th e length of the body. Ans. Superior move. Th e angle jump or " V" position as in a Yamashi ta must be momentarily shown before the % twist. 26. Note: 1972 Compulsory Bar dismount (Joyce Tanac) straddle, bounce, back somersault to fro nt stand is medium . (Over LB - Superior) Vaulting 1. V2 twist on - "sw an" or arch off to front stand. (See attached illustration) Ans. General opin io n is that thi s is an incomplete vault and shou ld not be al lowed . No vault until FIG answer is received and declares otherwise. Horizontal Vaults 2. Preflight position ca lled or not ca lled. Ans. It shou ld be ca ll ed. The va ult performed is judged with no penalty for w rong va ult if preflight is less or more (optional vaulting)

that a girl who receives fu ll difficulty of 4 .0 and fal ls 8 or 9 times should receive a sco re of 4 .0 from the Difficulty co lumn as her fi nal score . It wou ld also denote poor coachi ng if a gi rl fe ll that amount of ti mes. Th is person w ho sta ted thi s sa id tha t th e fall s come out of th e execution part of the fo rmula and th at thi s came fro m an Intern ational judges Interpretation (FIG) . Ans. The method ind icated in th e first paragraph is eas iest to fol low. But it is actually taken from 4 .0 points fo r execution and then if necessary from 2.0 points for originality and structure. We should not go into difficulty area for fall deductions. Any coach and/or gym nast should not al low the gym nast to remount the beam more than two times. She should fin ish after the third fal l and take the time deduction and other resulting deductions or never have entered in th e fi rst place. Protests - New!! In case of protest, after rev iew by the jury o r Panel of judges, the Meet Referee or President of the jury may raise or lower the score as follows : 1. Take the score of the fou r individual sco res that is the hi ghest, add that score to that of the superior judge, average the tota l to arrive at the adj usted score. 2. Take the average score, add it to the score of the superior judge, d ivide by 2 to arri ve at th e adjusted score. (Base score method)

Technical Questionnaire - Answers Based on Full Response Interpretations and decis ions binding fo r all USCF competitions as of April 12, 1971 . Comments we lcome. BARS : Mounts: 1. Jum ps w ith Y, turn and back straddle over LB, catch LB M (see UPB # 11 in precedi ng article). Additional comments welcome. Fu ll twistglide kip - catch HB S (see UPB #23 of preceding article). 2. Jump to HB, kip with legs straddl ed to HB M (from long hang, fac ing LB). Kip from long hang with legs together facing LB to free front support above horizontal on HB would be superior. Within routine : 1. Front seat c ircl e LB stradd le cut catch HB M or catch LB M. See FIG Code, page 29, #4 M - basket, straddl e cut ca tch HB - med ium LB - medium. 2. Page 47, #1 S - basket, stradd le cu t dismount over LB rated S, higher than page 48, # 3 M - seat c ircle straddl e cut over LB. Therefore, form of seat ci rcl e rated easier than basket and seat c ircle stems rated easi er than glide, double leg shoot, stradd le cut ca tch same bar. 3. Glide double leg shoot on (LB), double leg shoot through to HB , straddle cut ca tch H B M. (G lide shoot through, release LB to catch in inve rted hang on HB, stradd le cut catc h HB - superi or.) 4. Palmer grip to HB, straddle over and ci rcle forward to hang on HB M. (See FIG Code - page 33, #2 M .) 5. Free back hip c ircle on LB S (if we ll executed, hori zontal or better). 6. Front lying suspension on LB, hands on HB, from cast or beat, fu ll twi st regra sp, bea t or catch LB S. 7. Sta lder - S 8. Stoop c irc le from LB, fu ll or 1 Y2 turn catch HB S. 9. Squat over H B, Y, turn catch H B M from stand on low bar S if done from front support, high cast, squat through , simultaneou s hand pu shoff. Di smounts: 1. From front support, cast to neckspring off of LB M 2. Handstand H B, sq uat through S 3. Hech t with no tw ist off HB S 4. Hecht with no twi st off LB M BEAM : 1. Back walkover down to knees M 2. Back turnover to knees S (see page 48, #4 S). 3. Back wa lkover to splits between hand s (M etheny' s) M. Metheny's - all superior in vo lving back wa lkovers on pages 68-69, #5-6-7-involve Y2 or V. pirouette, also relate to backwa lkove r to toe lever (M ) or back turnover to stag handstand on FIG, page 68, #5 M or page 68, #4 M turnover forward, then backward . 4. Handstand fo rwa rd ro ll without splits afterwards M. 5. Tin sica by itself M. FLOOR EXERCISE: 1. Seri es of plain ca rtwh eels on both arm s O. (See page 101 , #1 M .)

Falls Th e FI G formula that was taught at th e Fifth National Insti tute, whether the positive o r nega tive is utilized, stated that al l fa ll s w ere deducted from the tota ls. A membe r of o ur group has heard contradiction to this and sa id that no matter how poorl y a girl performs and no matter how many falls she makes, she still gets heI Diffi culty as a score. This was news to our ea rs so please cla ri fy thi s as it seems ridi culous 路21 路

NAMES 'N' NEWS New Organization to Protect Women Athletes and Regulate Competition " Should high school and college girls be allowed to compete on previously all-male sports teams?" The question receives an emphatic reply from Frances McGill , spokesman for an organization with its own angle on women's lib. " In approving such action," Dr. McGill says, "schools and colleges are avoiding a much more important problem - the need to fund adequate sports programs for women. Putting women on men 's teams is only avoiding the real issue. Young women have a right to facilities, coaching and competition compatible with their skills." To increase women's opportunities for high-level competition , the first regulatory body for intercollegiate athletics for women is being formed by the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPER). Dr. McGill, who made the announcement, is an officer of AAHPER's Division for Girls and Women's Sports and professor of physical education at the University of New Mexico. Leaders have scheduled a constitution committee for June 4-6 in Chicago to draft bylaws for the new organization, to be ca lied OIA W (organ ization for intercollegiate ath letics for women) , until a name is decided. Charter membership will be open to junior colleges, colleges and universities by September 1971 . Judi Ford , the former Miss America, believes that for the most part, "Women do not want copies of men's programs. They want their own - to fit their own individual needs and skills. "There is something to be said for women playing on allschool teams, but the main thing is to give them more opportunities for their own interschool competition. This will give us a better chance in international competition, too." AAHPER has a history of supporting girls and women's sports and athletic competition . A commission, chaired by Dr. McGill, was organized in 1966 to sponsor national championships for a number of women 's intercollegiate sports. For 15 years before that, AAHPER ' s Division for Girls and Women 's Sports sponsored the National Golf Championships for Women . The new organization (OIAW) is expected to take over sponsorship of the commission's six national championships for women - golf, gymnastics, track and field , badminton, swimming and diving, and volleyba ll. By 1972 a National Intercollegiate Championship for Basketball will be added . OIAW will give member institutions a greater voice in the regulation of college women 's athletic programs, including competitive events. Leaders believe that participants in sports programs should be students first and athletes second. They want to avoid some of the recruitment practices and financial aid programs which are contrary to educational objectives. AAHPER's Division for Girls and Women ' s Sports is on record against the awarding of athletic scholarships, financial awards or finan c ial assistance designated for women participants in intercollegiate sports competition. Such awards impose undesirable pressures and have been a means of control by those who can offer the greatest financial inducement, leaders bel ieve. Dr. McGill said, "We do believe that OIAW will provide the means through which women may make their own decisions, improve thei~ own programs and perhaps improve the status of women 's athletic competition in this country." The AAHPER is a voluntary professional organization for educators in the fields of physical education , sports and athletics, dance, health and safety, recreation, and outdoor and environmental education. It is a national affiliate of the National Education Association. 路22路

USGF National Senior Women's Championships The USGF National Senior Women ' s Championships were held at Yorktown and Whitman high schools in Washington, D .C., April 24 and 25 . Roxanne Pierce, fourth-place finisher last year, and Cathy Rigby were touring Ru ss ia . . .. Linda Metheny just resumed competition after recuperation from an ankle injury and did not send in an entry .... What it amounted to was that the top four finishers in the 1970 meet were not entered, providing an opportunity for many of the up-and-coming girls to make a reputation for themselves. It was a wide open meet with more than 70 entries. Fourteen-year-old Kim Chace in her first USGF Senior Women's Championships won the all-around title after a veteranlike performance on the uneven bars . Miss Chace of Riviera Beach, Fla ., was in second place going into the bars . .. she scored a 9.4, the best performance of the opening day, to give her a 36.95 total for the four individual events. Karen Schuckman, who was leading before Miss Chace' s bar routine, then fell twice off the balance beam and received an 8.1. The 15-year-old former national AAU junior champion from the Southern Connecticut Gym Club dropped to fourth in the all-around with a 35.80 score. The only other girl with a chance to catch Miss Chace was Debbie Hill, who finished sixth in the meet last year. She, too, had problems with her final event, the vault, and wound up with an 8.4 score in the all-around . Terry Spencer of Southern Illinois University, who is considered by her coach, Herb Vogel, as being one of the top two or three gymnasts in the country, had a poor opening performance on the beam, falling off twice and winding up with a 7.15 score, which eliminated her from allaround consideration. She came back to do well in her other events, however, and helped her squad to win the team championship with 106 points. Adele Gleaves, the only defending champion in the meet, took over the lead in vaulting with a 9.6 score on her final vault. That also propelled her into second place in the final all-around standings. After winning the all-around title, Kim Chace overcame impressive performances by fellow competitors to capture three individual titles. She took the balance beam after Diane Cantwell , 16, of Philadelphia, received the highest score of the meet, a 9.65 with a routine that drew sustained applause from the audience. Kim Chace, needing a 9.5 to win outright, registered a 9.6 score, and after Karen Schuckman had scored the meet's best floor exercise mark of 9.4, Kim calmly tumbled to a better mark, 9.45, and another title. She also won the uneven bars despite being penal ized a half point for fall ing on her dismount. Adele Gleaves, who finished second in the all-around after placing fifth in the meet last year, was one of the few veterans who did well in face of this year's onslaught of growing young gymnasts. Miss Gleaves, 16, of Louisville defended her vaulting championship easily and placed second on the uneven bars and fourth in the floor exercise. Judging varied from event to event but generally for the most part was one of the most fairly conducted meets seen in a long time. The judging on floor exercise was very strict; most of the scores were low. The judging on vaulting was quite high, with the majority of scores in the 8.5-to-9.5 range. However, whatever the event the scores were consistent. Results: V BB UPB FX Total TOP 10 ALL-AROUND 1. *Kim Chace, Riviera Beach 8.85 9.50 9.40 9.20 36.95 2. *Adele Gleaves, Louisville 9.60 8.65 9.30 8.85 36.40 3. *Debbie Hill, Denver 8.40 9.15 9.35 8.95 35. 85 4. Karen Schuckman, New Haven 9.40 8.10 9.10 9.20 35.80 5. *Janet Cantwell, Philadelphia 9.3 5 9.15 8.10 9.00 35.60 6. Margi Pyle, Bethesda 9.35 9.00 8.50 8.60 35.45 7. Kathy Stewart, Champaign 9.00 8.80 8.80 8.65 35.25 8.90 8.95 8.50 8.75 35.10 8. Barb Fleming, Fresno 9. Cole Dowaliby, New Haven 8.45 8.95 8.75 8 .50 34.65 10. Dianne Grayson, Flint 8.45 8.65 9.10 8.30 34.50 * members of last year's national team RESULTS: FX: Chace, Schuckman, Spencer, Cantwell, Gleaves, Fleming. BB: Chace, Cantwell, Spencer, Woodward, Fizell. UB: Chace, Gleaves, Grayson, Fizell, Schuckman, Smith and Riddel. V: Gleaves, Schuckman, Pyle, Riddel, Wright, Mullen.

OHIO by Renee Hendershott GREAT LAKES REGION YMCA GIRLS' CHAMPIONSHIPS . . . Cambridge, Ohio (Ohio, Mich., W. Virginia). 12 YMCAs competed , with a total of 240 gi rl s taking part. The team . championship was won by the Cambridge " Y" w ith 358 .52 , fo llowed by Elyria " Y" in second place, 339.90 . The all-around w inners in each division were: Cadet: Dawn Boyle of N . Canton Y, 54~15 . Prep : Su sie Baxter of N. Canton Y, 53 .35 . Junior: Becky johnson of Huntington Y, 58.62 . Intermediate: Kelly Lenhart of Cambridge, 54 .30. SECOND ANNUAL BUCKEYE INVITATIONAL . . . Ohio 's State Championship Women ... OSU. AA BB UB 1. Beth Sheppard Columbus Gym Club 33 .65 8.95 8.15 7.95 2. Lori Haas Lakewood YWCA 33 .10 9.15 8.55 3. Dawn Shogren Lakewood YWCA 32. 55 8.55 8.55


for FX 8.60 8.55 8.05

1ST MID-AMERICAN CONFERENCE GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS Kim Chace AROUND THE GYMNASTIC WORLD . .. From jan Bembenek in Hawaii come the results of their state championshi ps . ... Th ey are also conducti ng two summer gymnastic ca mps - one in Modern (see information on page 6 on camps ... "gymnasti cs is on the way in Hawaii, and th e teams are growing in number and quality. HAWAII STATE MEET RESULTS: 5th Gr. & Un. AA: Teri Linn . 6th-8th Grade: And i Arthur. 9th-12th Grade: Clare Apana. Senior Division: Violette Thomas . . . . And from O lin Chamberlain (formerly of Fresno and Portland, Ore.) .. . news of the Winstonette Club Gymnastic Clu b, Onta rio, Canada. " This year the Winstonette Gymnastic Club placed the first five for the Canadian Winter Games, the sixth member of the team was Kathy. " (Kathy Chamberlain competed for the Fresno Gymnastic Club and th e Multnomak Athletic Club before moving to Ontario, Canada) . . . . And on the other side of the wo rld is Dan Speraw, SCAT coach , who will be in New Zea land for at least six months. His address - c/o the Reids, 43 Prestwick St., Du retin , New Zea land .. .. On the weste rn edge of Central Ca li fornia comes news of th e second annual Cal Poly M eet with 109 participants from 10 high schools. Cabrillo High School of Lompoc, coached by Carri e Larson, took the honors, wi nning first place in all divisions. . . . first place al l around at the Third DGWS NAT. INTERCOLLEGIATE CHAMPIONSHIPS WAS Kathy Gleason, Buffalo St. U .; second place, Barbara Fleming, Fresno City Col lege; third, Patti Corrigan of Spri ngfield ; fourth , Lucy Miller, also of Springfield ; fifth place, Lee Ann Lobdill of American River, Sacramento, and sixth, Sal ly Espe, S. Conn. State. Lonna Woodard, U of Pu get Sound , was seventh, jeanne Wayerski, Eastern Wash. St. U . eighth and Barbara Mason, U. of Nevada 10th. In indi vidual events Barba ra Fleming placed third in beam, second in vau lt, second in bars, second in FX .. . . Lee An n Lobdill placed thi rd in FX and fourth in bars . ... leanne Wayerski sixth in bars, fourth in vault . . . Lonna Woodard fifth in beam and sixth in vau lt. . .. Team competition won by Springfield with 10 1.25 pts., second Ind . St. U. with 90. 35 and U . of Nevada was third with 88.30 . ... Would you believe over 100 competitors . .. superb hospita li ty and a beautiful campus, if somewhat difficult to get to .... In 1972, collegiate competi ti on will be in five regions, w hich have been subdivided into a total of 10 districts ... each district wi ll qualify to the Nationa ls. ...

Report by Owen Perkin s Gymnastic hi story was made at Champaign , Illinois, on March 26-27, 1971, as the new ly formed Mid-America n Conference held their first conference gymnastic champi onsh ips. Thi s being the first meet of its kind in the country. TEAM STANDINGS: 1. Champa ign , III. , 335 .90; 2. Oklahoma City, Okla ., 308.80 ; 3. Loui svill e, Ky ., 304.35 ; 4. Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 277.05 ; 5. Burnsville, Minn. , 275.70; 6. Kansas City, Mo. , 266.30; 7. Flint, Mich ., 199.35 . TOP 10 ALL-AROUND: 1. Metheny, Champaign, 72.25 ; 2. Filecc ia, Champaign, 69.50 ; 3. Gleaves, Louisville, 69.05 ; 4 . Bolin, Champaign, 66.75 ; 5. Bowers, Oklahoma City, 65 .80; 6. Shuler, Champaign, 64.00 ; 7. Tummelson, Champaig~ , 63.70 ; 8. Leach , Ok lahoma City, 63.50; 9. GRAYSON, Flint, 63.25 ; 10. Peressini, Champaign, 62.50. RESULTS OF CHAMPIONSHIP INDIVIDUAL FINALS FX: Metheny, Champaign ; Bolin , Champaign, and Leach, Oklahoma City; G leaves, Louisville; Peressin i, Champaign ; Tummelson, Champaign. BB: Metheny; Fileccia, Champaign; Leach; Bol in ; Gleaves; Grayson, Flint. UB: Metheny;Gleaves; Fileccia; Grayson ; Bowers, Oklahoma City; Tumm elson . V: Gleaves; Bol in ; Peressini ; Shuler, Champaign ; Sturial e, Oklahoma City; England , Ka nsas City .

SOUTH AFRICA CUP April 1971 - held at the Portu guese Hall in TurffOlitein . Resu lts from O lle Areborn , President, South African Amateu r Gymnasti c Union . AA: C. Ri gby, 37. 15; M. DeWet and K. Fri tsc hi, 36.20; M. Stegema nn, 35 .50; N. DeSanti, 34.25; A. Van Niekerk, 31.10; M . Contreiras, 29.40.

CALIFORNIA Report by Inky Ledford U.S.G.F. Junior National Championships, Fr~sno . Calif .... Results: Team: Mannettes, 100.40; KIPS of Lakewood, 98.35 ; Fresno Gym Club, 97 .50; Denve r, 93 .00; Seattle):, 84.75. AA: Nancy Tummelson, McKinley Y, 35.00; D ebbie Fike, KIPS Gym Club, 33.85 ; Vicky Sh uler, McKinley Y, 33.40; Susan Cantwell, Mannettes, 33.40; Ann Carr, Mannettes, 33 .05. FX: Tummel"son, McK Y; joanne Beck, Mann .; Carr, Mann. BB: Tummelson, S. Cantwell, Carr. UB: Shuler, Fike, Tummelson . V: Tummelson, Shuler, Beck.

LOUISVILLE AREA Report by Carole Li edtke U.S.G.F. State Championship. Apri l 10, held in Loui svi lle, Ky. Results: 13 and under: D onna Payton took first in all events. AA: Payton, 30.5; Libby Goff, 26 .6; Linda Nelson, 25.6 . FX: Nelson, Sal ly Walker. BB: Mary Ellis, Nelson. UB: Goff, Walker. V: Goff, Nelson. 14 and over: AA: Vicki Greenwell , 33 .85 ; Kathy Ki ncer, 31.35 ; Karen Matausch, 29.8. FX: Matausch, Greenwe ll , Kincer. BB : Greenwell , Ki nce r, Matausch . UB: Kincer, Greenwell, Hol kamp. V: Greenwell, Matausch, Barba ra Bates.




In the district junior Olympic Quaker Oats meet at Louisville, the fo llowing qualified to go to the Regionals in Indianapolis : 13-14: Donna Payton, Bobbi Ann Hunt, jud i Stein lege. 15: Vicki Greenwell , Karen Matausch, Kathy Kincer. Ohio Valley Conference Championships held April 18 at the Louisville Gym Club - Team Results: Louisvi lle Gym Club (Louisvi lle), Marilyn Dennis School of Dance (Hamilton, Oh io), St. Matthew's YMCA (Louisvil le), HiView Gym Clu b (Louisvi lle).


Cathy Rigby, South Afri ca Cup AA champion

Second Annual TCIAW Gymnastics Meet

1972 Championships

submitted by Darlene H. Schmidt

The DGWS National Interco ll eg iate Gymnastics Championship for 1972 will be held March 30, 3 1 and April 1, 1972, at Grand View College, D es Moines, Iowa 50316. Mr. Charles Jaco bson is the meet director.

Sixty-one coeds rep resentin g nin e co ll eges and univers ities competed in the second annual TCIAW State Gymnasti cs meet o n the Southwest Texas State University camp us on March 12-13, 1971. Of thi s number, 38 we re entered in Class II competiti on and pe rform ed co mpul sory routines only in their events. Th e other 23 gymn asts we re entered in Class I competition. They perfo rmed both compu lsory and optional routines. Teams were en tered from North Texas State Uni versity (NTSU), Odessa Junior Co ll ege (OC), Southwest Texas State Uni vers ity (SWT), Tarleton State Co llege (TSC), Texas Ch ri stian University (TCU), Texas Tec h Un ive rsity (TT), Texas Woman 's Uni ve rsity (TWU ), th e Unive rsity of Texas at Aust in (U T) and the Uni versity ofTexas at EI Paso (U TEP). The Uni ve rsity of Texas at Austi n team successfull y defended last yea r's title by ou tsco ring their nea rest opponent by some 13.72 po ints. Fine performances by the team ' s all -around performers, Nancy Rey nold s and janet Smith, contri buted much to th e team effo rt. A ll en Crane, member of the second -p lace TCU team, scored an aggregate of 49.55 po ints to cop th e all-arou nd awa rd . M iss Cra ne was runn er-up in th e 1970 meet. In addition to th e all -aro und titl e, she also won the gold medals in va ultin g, un even bars and floor exe rci se. Results: Team : 1. Unive rsity of Texas at Austin - 140.4, 2. Texas Christian Unive rs ity - 126.68,3. Southwest Texas State - 125.43, 4. North Texas Stote - 89.65. Class II: AA : Jacqueline Kelly, UTEP, Kathy Holmes, H , Teena Starr, SWT. FX: Bettye Hook, TCU , Jacqueline Kelly, UTEP, Debbie Hannigan, NTSU , Kathy Holmes, TT. BB: Jacqueline Kelly, UTEP, Debbie Hannigan, NTSU , Olivia Cochran , OC; Nancy Luff, TSC. UB : Debbie Schopp, TWU , Jana Dykes, UT, Olivia Cochran, OC; Kathy Holmes, H. V: Mindy Stamey, UT, Ja cqueline Kelly, UTEP, Teena Starr, SWT, Debbie Huff, SWT. Class I Results : AA : Allen Crane, TCU , Nancy Reynolds , UT, Trayla Lee, Oc. FX: Allen Crane, TCU , Troyla Lee, OC; Nancy Reynold s, UT, Yvonne Garcia, NTSU . BB: Nancy Reynolds, UT, Allen Crane, TCU , Yvonne Garcia, NTSU, Layne Fleming, SWT. UB: Allen Crane, TCU , Nancy Reynolds, UT, Troyla Lee, OC; Sonje Berntson, UT. V: Allen Crane, TCU , La yne Fleming, SWT, Nancy Reynold s, UT, Janet Smith, UT.

The G.W.S. Elite Meet Northern California Submitted by Sharon H effe rson and Ann Mori The Elite Meet is the culminating compet iti on of the G .W.S. Northern Ca l iforn ia Gymnastics program for hi gh sc hoo l girl s. It was held March 20, 197 1, at Burlingame Hi gh School , Burlingame, Ca lif. Eighty-four gymnasts from 30 schoo ls co mpeted w ith their comp ulsory and optional routin es in th e one-day meet. They quali fied for th e Elite Meet through a se ri es of three compu lsory and optional meets. They were the final ists from approxi mately 1,000 girl s w ho competed in compul sories in area meets durin g jan uary. Compet iti on was d iv id ed into fi ve skill levels (nov ice, beginner, intermediate - sc hoo l, intermediate - open and advanced). This gave eac h gymnast the oppo rtunity to meet and compete w ith gymnasts of co mparable sk ill from a va riety of hi gh sc hool s in Northern Ca li fornia. RESULTS : TOP FIVE ALL路AROUND IN EACH DIVISION : Novice: Deni se Davis, San Carlos High School, Marcie Monzon, Acolanes High School, Bobbie Allen, Fairfield Hi gh School, Coreen Roby, Novato High School, Cathy Gellepis, Crestmoor High School. Beginners : Terri Brown, Tamalpias Hig h School , Lori Thompso n, DeAnza High School, Toby Turner, Ke nnedy High School; Laura Coons, Crestmoor High School; Lynn Thomson , Alameda High School. Low Intermediate School: Jessica Millar, Tamalpias Hi gh School; Lucia Tuffanelli, Redwood High School, Janet Kramer, Acalanes High School; Felecia Keys, Skyline High School; Melody Farrell, Menlo Atherton High School. Low Intermediate Open: Nina Mutchler, Burlingame High School, Linda Larsen , Los Altos Hi gh School; Robin Armstrong , Woodside High School, Ingrid Dahl, Sequoia High School, Jenn y Hammond, Tamalpias High School. Advanced: Christy Cushing, Los Altos High School, Carolyn Ryback, Woodside High School, Laura Flynn, Woodside-High School; Chris Nika s, Terra Linda High School.

2nd Annual Buckeye Invitational Girls' and Women 's State Championships Submitted by Kitty O'Brien, Meet Director March 13, 1971 - Ohio State University Men's Gym (no age limit) Results: AA: 1. Beth Sheppord, Columbus Gym Club, 33 .65, 2. Lori Haas, Lakewood YWCA, 33.10,3. Dawn Shogren, Lakewood YWCA, 32.55, 4. Lisa Galot, Columbus Gym Club, 32.20, 5. Julie Scholtz, Lakewood YWCA, 30.85, 6. Chris Flowers, Columbus Gym Club, 30.65. FX: Beth Sheppard, CGC; Julie Scholtz, L, Lori Haas, L, Lisa Ga lot , CGc. BB : Dawn Shogren, l; Beth Sheppard, CGC; Lisa Galat, CGC; Brenda Beach, OSU. UB: Lori Haas, L, Kathi Miller, CGC; Kathy Ventura, L, Chris Flowe rs, CGc.

3rd Annual Washington State High School Girls' Gymnastic Championships

Nina Mutchler - AA winner, No. Calif. Open

Submitted by Karen A. Patoil e The third annu al Washington State Hi gh School G irls' Gymnastic Cha mpion ships was held March 18-19, 197 1, in Seattle, Wash. A total of 68 schoo l qualified gi rl s from the eight regional meets held throu ghout the sta te. There were ove r 300 competitors representing th e entire state. Team : 1. Shadle Park High School, Spokane, Wash. Coach - Mr. Lyle Pugh, 116.63, 2. Bellevue High School, Bellevue, Wash. Coach - Sue Whitney, 114.05, 3. Inglemoor High School, Bothell, Wash. - Coach - Karen Patoile, 113.95, 4. Shoreline High School, Seattle, Wash. Coach ~ Sherri Cobbe, 113.30. AA : Pattie Rautio, Shadle Park, 30.75, Janis Wright, Shadle Park, 30.10, Jannie Mackey, Shoreline, total 29.50. FX: Sandy Ragsdale, Inglemoor, Pattie Rautio, Shadle Park, Karen Patty, Ferris, Terri Zick, Inglemoor, Dee Anna Johnson, Everett, Sue Stamey, Sehome. BB : Patty Rautio, Shadle Park, Dee Anna John son, Eve rett, Candy Celigoy, Hazen, Jannie Mackey, Shoreline, Karen Patty, Ferri s, Diane Phillips, Shoreline. LB : Eileen Delapp, North Kltsap, Carolyn Thorlakson , Bellevue, Karol Sanford, Everett, Janis Wright, Shadle Park, Jannie Mackey, Shoreline, Sue Stamey, Sehome. V: Pattie Rautio, Shadle Park, Jannie Mackey, Shoreline, Jani s Wright, Shadle Park, Caro lyn Thorlakson , Bellevue, Janet Michealini, Roosevelt, Vicki Severns, Sammamish.

New Mexico Championship Report by N elda McMurray The G irl s' New Mexico Gymnastic Championship Meet was held " Ma rch 5th and 6th at Roswell , New Mex ico . Results : Team : Roswe ll Goddard, New Mexico, 79.87, Farmington , New Mexico, 67.75, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 66.50, Carlsbad, New Mexico, 64.27, Clovis, New Mexico, 58.91 , Los Alamos , New Mexico, 54.79.

1st * 2nd place AA w inners, No. Ca lif. Open


demonstrated more strength work such as straddled presses to handstands. Mounts and dismounts w ere not unusual , other th an N ancy Tummelson 's finely exec uted front somersault d ismount with a full twist. " The uneven bars work w as greatly improved with conti nuous swings for connecting movements being we ll accompl ished by most. Two unusu al d ismounts were outstanding: o ne by N ancy Thies, from a foot support on the high bar (fac ing the low bar) , a hi gh cast to an inw ard front somersau lt dismount in tu ck pos iti on ; then , Linda Metheny' S, from the same pos iti on on th e hi gh bar another hi gh cast to a backwa rd tu cked somersault (or reverse gai ner type move) dismount. New Orleans' judy Putnam, usin g a reuther board and fa c in g the low bar, mou nted with a runnin g leap with a half twist under the low bar raising hips and legs backward and upward to a back hi p ci rcle on the low bar. "The floor exercises were free-flow ing, flowery and w ith a good sha re of tumbling. Ma ny girls threw alternate back somersaults with back handsprings. Theresa Filecc ia and Nancy Tumme lson of Champa ign exec uted front somersau lts whi ch is rather rare for the ladies,"

~o/ A,A,U, Gymnastic CItUllfpjOIlS/tip-s .

RESULTS OF THE 1971 WOMEN'S CHAMPIONSHIPS Team McKin ley "Y," Champaign, Illinois .. .. .. .. ........ .. .. .. .... ..... .. .... ... .210.50 Seattle, Wash ington .. ...... .... ...... ... .. . .. ....... .... .. ... 202.35 Des Plaines, Illinois . .. ...... ... ... .. ........ .. ... .. .. .. ... .. .. .. .. .... lB3.20 Marblehead, Massachusetts ... ... .. .... ...... ... ... .... .. ... .. .. .... ..... .. .. l 73.20 Decatur-Dekalb "Y," Georgia .. ... ...... ... ... .. .... , .... ... .... .. .. ... ..... 168.20 Towson, Maryland .. .. .. .. .. .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .. ... .. .. ... .... .160.95

6 Sr. A:A.U , AA w in ners

All Around Lindo Metheny, Champaign, Illinois ........ .. .. ..... ............... .. .. ...... 74.75 Theresa Fileccia, Champaign, Illinois ........ ... .. ..... .... ... .. .. .. .... .... 73 .50 Kathy Stewart, Champaign, Ill inois ....... .... .. .... ..... .... .. ..... 71 .55 Dione Bolin, Champaign, Illinois ... .. .. ........ .......... .. .. .70.40 Vicky Shuler, Champaign, Illinois ... .. .. ... .. .. .. ..... .. .. .. ... .. .. .68.BO Nancy Thies, Champaign, Illinois.. .......... .. ...... . .. .......... .. .. .. 68 .50

AAU CHAMPIONSHIPS RESULTS : Team : McKin ley YMCA, 109.75 ; Mar-Va-Tns, 105,55; So. Conn . Gym Clu b, 104.20; So. Illinois Univ., 103.95 ; Parkettes, 100.85 ; e.G. Y.e. , 97.85; Sp. Yu. CI. , 96.75; Hila Tw, 96.50; lo Gym Club, 96.10 ; l k YMCA, 90.95 ; B.G. A.A. , 90.65. AA: Metheny, L. McK YMCA, 37.20; Pierce, R., Mar-Va-Teens, 37.15; Chace, K. , RBF1, 36.85 ; Feliccia, T., McK YMCA, 36.50; Stewart, K., McK YMCA, 35.90; Schuckman , K., So. Conn . GC, 35.75 . FX: Metheny; Chace; Stewart. BB : Metheny and Feliccia; Schuckman ; Chace. UBi Pierce; Chace; Stewart. V: Pierce; Feliccia; Wri ght.

Floor Exercise: Lindo Metheny, 19.000; Theresa Feliccia, lB.300; Ca thy Pontow, Des Plaines, III., 17.900; Kathy Stewa rt, 17.B50; Judy Peressini, Chompaign, 111., 17.700; Nancy Tummelson, Champa ign, 111., 17.650. Balance Beam : Theresa Fileccia, 17.900; Kathy Stewart, 17.525; Judy Peressini, 17.200; Nancy Tummelson, 16.900; Lindo Metheny, 16.700; Vicky Shuler, 16.325. Uneven Bars: Theresa Fileccia, 18.425; Jill Johnson, Seatt le, Wa sh., 17.375; Lindo Metheny, 17.22 5; Kathy Stewart, 16.950; Suzanne Matsu, Marblehead, Moss., 16.850; Nancy Thies, 16.800. Vault: Kathy Stewart, 18.950; Martha Newton, Champaign, III., 18.675; Li ndo Metheny, lB.650; Theresa Fileccia, 18.575 ; Vi cky Shuler, 18.500; Debbie Holle, Seattle, Wash., lB.200. Trampoline : Barcey Thurston, Somerville, N.J.; Cindy Ferraro, Painesville, Ohio; Eva Lee, New Canaan, Conn.; Becky Dioda, Morristown, N.J. ; Ninabeth Gui ll, New Canaan, Conn., and Kathy Hanrahan, New Canaan, Conn.

The 1971 National YMCA Gymnastics Championships Report from " Y" Notes by William Buffa, National YMCA Gymnastics Chairman Nestled in the quiet countrys ide of southern Con necticut the 197 1 National YMCA Gymnastic Champ ionshi ps were presented to capacity aud iences at New Canaa n on Apri l 16th and 17th. This was undoubtedly the best "Y" nationals eve r held . Th ere were 73 girl s representing 17 YMCAs from 14 sta tes making up 235 event-entries with 43 girl s in the all-around . Miss Linda Metheny of Champaign , Ill inois, "wa lked off" as the all aro und champion.

PENNSYLVANIA MEETS Report by Glenn Su llinger Ninety girl s from 25 high schoo ls took part in the Western Pennsylvania Girls' Regional Gymnastic Meet held on March 5, 19 71, at Shenango High School, New Castle, Penna. The m eet director was Carol Corman of Rochester High Schoo l. Betty Cieply of Monessen High School won all four events, p lu s the all -around. jeannene Bu rger of Beaver Fall s High School placed second in all four events and second all-around. Both girls are high sc hoo l seniors. RESULTS : AA: Betty Cieply, Monessen ; j ea nen ne Burger, Beaver Falls; Cheryl Perozzi, Monessen ; Sond ra Lemon , Rochester; Lo ri Warbutton, Belle Vernon. FX : Betty Cieply, jeanenn e Burger, Cheryl Perozzi. BB: Betty Cieply, jeanenne Burger, Cheryl Perozzi . UBi Betty Cieply, Monessen; jeanenne Burger, Beaver Fa ll s; Diamond Cheryl , McKeesport; Chery l Perozz i, Monessen ; Sondra Lemon , Rochester. V: Betty Cieply, Monessen ; jeanenne Burger, Beaver Falls ; Chery l Perozzi , Monessen. THE PENNSYLVANIA GIRLS' STATE GYMNASTIC MEET was held at Penn State University March 12. Thirty high schoo ls in Pen nsylvania were represented . Betty C ieply won the all -around event for the fourth consecutive year. RESULTS: AA: Betty Cieply, Monessen, 33 .90; Karen Brezack, Wm . Allen , 33.40 ; j anet Wright, Wm . A ll en, 33.00 ; Rob in Bleamer, Loui s Di eru ff, 3 1. 75 ; j ea nenne Burger, Beaver Falls, 30.85. FX: Wright; Burger; Brezack. BB: Brezack; Bleamer; Cieply. UBi C ieply ; Linda Storb, Garden Spot; Brezack. V: Bleamer; Cieply; Wright.

The Women 's Competition Th e women's competition cont inu es to show improvement in every way. Notable in these champ ionships was the dominance of the McKinley "Y" gi rl s from Champaign, Illinois, in all events. A ll six p laces in the finals (F IG events) except fo ur were won by this highly talented team. Im provement in the overall quality of the girls' work is attested to by the fact that 11 of them met the qual ifications for th e Pan-American Games Trials. Miss Lin da Metheny was undoubtedly the top performer in the gi rl s' championships in sp ite of some bad breaks in the finals due to th e obv ious stress of two days of competition. H er impressive sty le - free-flowing, danc in g movements and her hi ghl y developed gym nastic sk ill s - got her through the semifin als, with fi rst place in all FIG events, except the va ul t, w here her teammate, Kathy Stewart, " nosed" her out by a mere twotenths. Miss Theresa Fileccia came on strong in the finals and moved into fi rst place on the uneven bars and balance beam . Seattle's Miss jill johnson turned out an excellent perfo rm ance on the uneven bars which moved her from fifth to second p lace in the finals in that event - only a half point behind the winner. Mr. Pat Ki ng, rev iewi ng some of the video tape taken of the competit ion , tells us there were a few unusual stunt highlights : " the girl s' vaulting event was considerab ly stronger this year with many we ll-execu ted Ya mashitas and giant cartwheels. "The ba lance beam - many girls did back handsprings and one-h anded walkovers, considered hi ghly unusual last yea r and


Creative Gymnastics Modern by Gretchen Sunderland Dowsing Coach, Cal. State Long Beach Most students love working with hoops because of the many different movement patterns they can make with them. Students can experiment with tossing, catching, rolling, spinning, circling, bouncing and any other movements that they can make hoops do. One good way to gain skill using hoops is to have each girl solve the following movement tasks in her own individual way: Circling: 1. Can you circle the hoop around your hand? Your waist? 2. Can you circle on one hand and change it to the other? 3. Who can circle the hoop around a different part of the body? 4. Try to circle the hoop, toss it and catch it still circling. 5. How high can you circle the hoop? How low? 6. Can you walk or run and still circle the hoop? Skip? Rolling: 1. Can you roll the hoop? Fast? In a circle? 2. Try to run or skip along with the rolling hoop. 3. Can you go through it? O ve r it? 4. Who can roll it to a partner? In a different way? 5. How can you roll it and make it come back to you? 6. How far can you make it roll? Spinning: 1. How can you spin the hoop? Can you do it with one hand? 2. See how many times you can run around it before it stops. 3. Can anyone leap over it? 4. What else can you do while the hoop is spinning? 5. Everyone try some of these variations (point them out). 6. Let's see if we can leave our hoop spinning and spin someone else's - now go to all the others! It can be very interesting to point out some of the variations of movements as in numbers 4 and 5. You ca n lead your students into expanding their own movement vocabulary, and you will certainly be giving an extra boost to the students who invented these special variations. Try to find something interesting about each girl's efforts; encouragement of th is sort promotes more enthusiasm. Tossing: 1. Who can toss the hoop in time to the music? 2. Can you stretch when you throw and relax to catch?



3. Try tossing to a partner. 4. Try another way of tossing the hoop. 5. What can you do while the hoop is still in the air? 6. Can you leap while tossing the hoop? Other Movements: 1. Can you go through the hoop? Backwards? Sidewards? 2. Try swinging the hoop. Now another way. 3. What can you do with your body while you swing the hoop? 4. Can anyone bounce the hoop? 5. Who can discover a different way of using the hoop? 6. Try combining a few movements of the hoop (swinging and tossing, spinning and circling, etc.). After experimenting with all these variations of hoop movements, the students are ready to incorporate some of them into a routine set to music. Let them try inventing some routines either individually or in a group, but don't just turn them loose to create. Some may be able to cope with complete freedom, but most students need freedom with guidance. Give them a task which will be within their limits - perhaps choose music with a steady beat and have them make up a routine, including tossing, catching and circling movements. You may even want to set a limit to the number of measures of music they have to work with. While they are working, walk around and encourage each group or individual and help them with snags, not by showing but by asking significant questions (for example: " Why doesn't tossing fit in here? What might fit better?) As soon as all the groups have made good progress, ask some of them to show their routines. The class can comment on what they like. It's a good idea to keep the conversation limited to the positive aspects at first ; later on, the class can learn to accept constructive criticism. Remember, my lists of questions are only suggestions - try some of your own or have the students make up different ones . The more you involve the students in guided creative activity, the more they, and you , will enjoy it! Regulation wooden hoops and photographs supplied by Gymnastics Supply Co., San Pedro, Calif. Model, Karen Odom - Beverly Hills Tinsicettes



Dear Editor: At the risk of sound in g like a women's libber, I would like to suggest that th e influence of male coac hin g has caused women's gymnastics to take an undesirable and unaesthetic direction. My co mments are made after watching the AAU Nationals at Cedar Rapids. Aside from a little too mu ch affectedness on the beam and floor, those events ha ve reta in ed their feminine quality even as the difficu lty leve l has cont inu ed to rise. The bar routines are a different story. Just beca use a trick (a nd that is what many of the moves performed at this competit ion we rel is possible does not mean it is appropriate for women performers and/or for the uneven bar event. The most obvious example is the trend toward somersault dismounts. The girl s look UGLY performin g them - and ugliness is not the name of the game. I remember the time (not too long ago) when gymnastics was an indi v idual sport. It has evolved into a coaches' spo rt. During the meet I caught myse lf thinking that no performer would have suggested try ing some of the new moves on the bars - they had to have come from a coach. Coaches, your spotting is grea t - but it's not your show! Get the point? I would li ke to suggest that the coaches pause a moment and remember two thin gs: (1) Gymnastics is an aesthetic sport, not a c ircus. If the moves you are teaching cut the flow, chop the extension or make a gi rl look masculine, rev ise th em or throw them out. (Girls look gorgeous in layout positions, awful in tucks - especiall y when they hit the floor th at way.) (2) Gymnastics should be a performer's sport. How about letting the girls be indi vidua ls instead of looking like coac hes' puppets. It's beca use I love gymnastics and appreciate the kids w ho work so hard to perform so we ll that I wrote thi s letter. I hope you ' ll see fit to print it.

I have been checking your magazine out of th e library for so long that I have decided to get a subscription of my very own. I enjoy your magazine very much . I am a gymnast on the Osseo High School tea m and find yo ur arti c les very helpful. Please start my subscription as soon as possible. I just can' t wait! Dee Daniels Osseo, Minn.

Sincerely, Jo Friesen Women 's Gymnasti cs Coach WSU - Ri ver Falls

B.G.C. Dear Editor: This is a letter introducing a new, young exciting gymnastic team from Brentwood, New York. The name of the group is the Brentwood Gymnastic Club. The group has been in existence for slightly more than a year, but as a club they have accumulated more than 100 medals in competition. At the present moment we have four girls, all under the age of 12, competing on the junior level. Our most exciting gymnast is Karen Robertson, only 10 yea rs of age who has placed in over 50 events this yea r which includes three consecutive first-p lace all-around placings. Karen is one of the top gymnasts in the East and should have a bright future ahead of her. Ranking behind Karen is Elizabeth Johnson , 11 , who is also a bright, young gymnast who shou ld excel tremendously in the future , Patricia O 'Connor, 11 , and Christine Burns, 10. Other competing members of the club include Jo Anne Hanken , 10; Lorraine Boydston, 9, and Carolyn Johnson , B. Jo Anne, Lorraine and Carolyn are still small and ca nnot work the bars, therefore they will be competing in only three areas. Yours truly, Nicholas Gennaro, coach Brentwood Gymnastics Club Holbrook, Long Island, New York

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Summer Gymnastic Camps and Clinics CAROLINA GYMNASTIC CAMP - Held at the Uni v. of North Carolina July 19-24. Write: Fred Sanders Dept. of Athl eti cs, Univ. of North Carolina, Chapei Hill, North Carolina 27514. NATIONAL SUMMER GYMNASTI~ CLINIC - This is the 14th annual clinic, held at Michigan State University Aug. 8-13. Write: George Szypula, Clinic Director, Michigan State University East Lansing MI'ch 48823. " . All-GIRL GYMNASTIC CAMP - Held at Scotts Oquaga lake Resort In weekly sessions between June 27 and July 1 7. Contact: Dr. Fred Pierce, 119 N. 8raad St., Johnson City, New York 13790. NATIONAL SUMMER PAlAESTRUM CAMP - Held at beautiful El k lake near Williamsburg, Mich., Aug . 22-28. Contact : Ruth An n Mc8ride, 7901 Von Gogh Court, Potomac, Maryland 20854. SOKOL U.S.A. GYMNASTIC SCHOOL - Held in weekly sessions In Sokol Woodlands. Write: Sokol Woodlands, Moil Rood, Barryvi lle, New York 127 19. EASTERN GYMNASTIC CLINIC - This year the clin ic wil l be held In three sessions at three different Easte rn locations. W rite: Eastern Gymnastic Clinic ' 8009 Rugby St., Philade lphia, Po. 191 50. SUMMER GYMNASTIC WORKSHOP - This sixth annua l wo r kshop wi ll be held at South Dakota State July 5-9. Contact: Peter Torino, Dept. of HPER, South Dakota State, Brookings, South Dakota 57006. CAMP SEARS - Held Aug. 2-14 in Pullman, Mich. Contact : Sid Drain, 3000 Falcon Ct. Rolling Meadows, Illinois 60008. '

CALIFORNIA PHYSICAL EDUCATION WORKSHOP FOR WOMEN IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS - Held at Ca lifornia State Polytechnic College Aug . 1 -1 3. Contact : Mary Coyle, 351 Fairview Ave., Arcadia , Calif. 91006. WOODWARD C.AMP - Held in multiple one-week sessions beginning June 20. Contact: Woodward Camp, P.O. Box 93, Woodward, Pennsylvania 1 6882. MDGWS TEACHERS' WORKSHOP - Held Aug. 15-22 at Carleton College. Involves all girl s' sports, includ ing gymna_stics. Contact : Pat Lamb, Carleton College, Carleton, Minnesota 55057. CLEMMER SUMMER GYMNASTIC CLINIC - Sessions are held from June 8 to Aug. 1 2. Contact: Leonard Clemmer, 4712 Park Rood, Cha rlotte, N.C. 28209 CENTRAL ATLANTIC AREA GYMNASTIC CAMP - Held at Camp Letts at Edgewater, Maryland, Aug. 22-29. Conta ct: Vern Elder, 1736 G St. N.W. Was hington D.C. 20006. "

All GIRLS' "SCAT CAMP" . ~ept 4th-12th (9 days) Thi S year s camp wil l be located in the beautifu l.Malibu Mountains overlooking the blue PaCifiC (lust 25 miles north of Santo Monico, Calif.). For further information contact: Mrs. Tin y Wyckoff 6316 Mariquita St. l ong Beach, Calif. 908 14 Phone (213) 596-1212

Gymnastic Modern Camp june16-18 held at Kokokahi YWCA Gymnasium, Kaneohe, Hawai i Guest Instructors - Maria Bakos Hunga rian Nationa l Modern Gy~nastic Coac h, and Andrea Zso ld os, Hunga rian junior Champion of Modern Gym nasti cs and member of national team . Registration Fee - $20.00 (both camps $50.00) _ Request further information from j an Bembenek, c/o Greta Sinclair, Kokokahi YWCA, 45-0 35 Kaneohe Bay Dr., Kaneohe, Oahu, Hawaii 96744. Gymnastic Camp for Boys and Girls and 9 yea rs and up August 23 -28 held at Kokakahi YWCA Kaneohe Hawaii " Registration Fee - $40.00 (both ca mps $50.00) Request further information from jan Bembenek, c/o Greta Sinclair, Kokokahi YWCA, 45-035 Kaneohe Bay Dr. , Kaneohe, Oahu, Hawa ii 96744 . For further information, write or call : Yo rk University Seminars, Dept. of Phys. Ed. & AthletiCS , York Uni versity, 4700 Keele St ., Downsview, Ontario. .

GYMNASTICS MODERNE SEMINAR June 27th-J uly 2nd, 1971 York University Down sview, Onta rio, Canada

SEMINAR COMMITTEE Reet Altsaar - Former group member of the " Malmo Girl s," as sistant director and coach of the Ka lev Estienne School of Mod ern Gymnastics, Toronto; Millie Goudsmit Secretary, Ontario Modern Gymnastic Federation ; Ana Joe - Technical chairma n Ontario Modern Gymnastic Federation; Eve~ Iyn Koop - Chairman, Ontario Modern Gymnastic Federation, consultant in Modern Gymnastics for the borough of North York Parks and Recreation Department, director and coach of the Kalev Estienne School of Modern Gymnastics, Toronto; Connie lindenberger - Coach of Modern Gymnastics In Ml ss lssauga; Juta lugus North York PhYSic a l Education Departm ent; Naia Nammi - Director and coach of the Finnish Modern Gymnastic Club in Toronto; Aileen Robinson - High school coordinator of Modern Gymnastics; Dr. Bryce M. Taylor Director, Deport ment of Physica l Education , York Uni vers ity.

COACHES Professor Ernst Idla - Profes so r of Modern Gy~nastics , Stoc kho lm, Sweden; Madame Mana Bakas - Moster of the Ballet and former notional coach of Gymnastiques Moderne in Hungary; Reet Altsaar - (as noted above); Evelyn Koop - (as noted above), and a ca refully selected panel of other fine coaches.


WITH AN GYMNASTICS MODERN AT SOKOL WOODLANDS Training in. Gymnastic s Modern wi ll be offered at Sokol Wood lands in two sessions for the benefit of women physical education teachers in colleges, pub li c sc hool systems, dance groups, for instructors In gymnastic c lubs, Sokol and Modern Gymn asti cs.




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The week of june 26 through jul y 2 is deSigned to give phys ica l education teachers trainin g and know ledge in the field of modern gymnasti cs.






Another week , Aug . 29 through Sept 4 will be designed to accommodate ~tu~ dents as well as teacher. It will feature more actu al workout time and in clude the learning of compu lsory routines. Enroll ment w ill be: $90.00 per week PLUS $10.00 initia l registration Enrollment includes room and board. In itial registration is for one or two weeks . For reservations write:

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Caravan of P.O. Box 1206, Andrews , Texas 79714

MAT TEACHER Too many Physical Educators still think a gym mat is only a hunk of foam with a vinyl surface of a specified size. But that's only how Voplex mats begin. Not only do you get a mat that was designed from the floor up, as a mat, but you get variety like you wouldn't believe. Any size or shape to meet your requirements. Little mats. Big mats. Mats to fit all kinds of apparatus. A rainbow of colors. With or without fasteners. And three grades of firmness. Whatever you need, Voplex meets that need with the broadest line in the industry.

When you buy a Voplex "K" series folding gym mat, you're getting one with Ensolite* foam and our exclusive permanent bonded vinyl coating. A non-abrasive coating that provides firm, sure footing, and won't slide on the gym floor. And our exclusive, indestructible laminated hinge gives you all the easy moving and storage advantages of a folding mat.

Voplex pros pioneered permanent cover vinyl mats more than 15 years ago. And pros like Ben Gioseffi are still helping us set the standards for the industry. Write for our new folder or call (716) 381-7070. One of our nationwide representatives lives near you, and can help you with your needs. Voplex mats. From the professional mat builders to the professional educators. Now you know better.



Protection Sales Division P. O. Box 64, Rochester, N. Y. 14601

Voplex Apparatus Panel Mats are designed as an integral part of the professional physical educators equipment. These mats carry the professionally recognized Polvonite速 trade name , and are made of the same high quality foam and coating combination used in our famous wrestling mats. In just 30 days, they'll be with your equipment providing you with all the protection you need and the distinctive professional appearance you desire. A Voplex mat meets your standards of beauty and durability so well each carries a full year cost free written warranty.



The American Revolution provides the feminine gymnast with apparatus that accentuates the freedom of movement. A new member of the American force is the F.I.G. Balance Beam. You can get complete information on this new balance beam by joining the American Revolution and sending for you r "Revolution Handbook" (our catalog)! Join today.



Mademoiselle Gymnast - May/June 1971