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THE MOPERN GYMNAST P. O. lox 611 Sollto MOllica, Califorllia 90406 Dear Sirs: Please send me a Subscription to the Madern Gymnast magazine: Name _______________________________________

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but you probably wouldn't buy another!

It's no great engineering feat to make one product cheaper than another. You cut quality a little here, you eliminate a feature there . . . and pretty soon you have a product that can sell for a cheaper price. The same could apply to a Nissen parallel bar. For examp le, our exclus ive Adjusto-Lock height and width adjustment feature could be replaced with the same low cost jam lock mechan ism which other manufacturers use. Ordinary paint could be substituted for our present maintenance-free nickel chrome finish . Small black rubber base pads could be used in place of Nissen's unique non-marking pads with the adjustable leg leveler. Unbreakable Perm a-Wood fused lamination top bars could easily be replaced with old fashion hickory bars, and on and on an d on.

True, such a parallel bar would probably still qualify on an "or equal" bid, but somehow, without those important features, it just wouldn't be a Nissen. Can you afford anything less than the best?

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judging is becoming more closely aligned with the NCAA-FIG scoring. Of far greater value in the comparison of gymnastic ability about the country are the winning routines sent us by variout meet directors. The inclusion of these routines in their reports says much about the organization of the meet as well as the level of gymnastics in that meet.








One other comparison struck us: in studying the allaround winners and the 2-3 or more event men, we noticed that tumblers and trampolinists quite often made these listings. This impression reinforces our opinion that our guest. editorial by Mr. John Hinds makes :l strong point in what attracts boys to gymnastics in the first place. The National Federation of High School Athletic Associations, a member of the USGF, tells us there are slightly more than 1300 schools providing gymnastic competition with approximately 28,700 participants. In light of the fact that there are more than 20,000 high schools with athletic programs, we can see a tremendous potential for the growth of gymnastics. Whatever means it takes-publicity, exhibitions, P.E. tumbling classes, understanding administrators, and most of all, the competent coaches-the job is there to be done. The high schools provide the logical grassroots level for a gymnastic program which will result in bigger and better gymnastic participation at all levels of national and international competition. We, of The Modern Gymnast, salute the high school gymnastic program and pledge our support in all efforts to increase and improve our gymnastic image among all sports on the American scene.

Last year The Modern Gymnast initiated a program in which we tried to focus attention upon particular gymnastic attractions in each issue. The response to our "High School" edition was so good that we decided to improve upon our first success. One evidence of what our compilation of high school gymnastic championships about the country meant was its inclusion in the annual Handbook of the National High School Gymnastics Coaches Association. Somewhat surprisingly we received fewer reports from state championships this year than last. Also, despite our assurances that action photographs of all-around and event winners were welcome, we received a great many more trophy stand pictures than action shots. From ' the many letters we receive at the Modern Gymnast office, we know our readers , by-and-Iarge, prefer the excitement of a gymnast in motion to a static shot which gives no indication of his capabilities. On the other side of the coin, we recognize that the trophy pictures do allow for the appearance of more gymnasts in our pages. For this reason , we also include trophy and team pictures. * * * The meaning of a score awarded to a gymnast in, for instance, New Mexico, may differ from that of the gymnast in Illinois. Until the judging practices in the different state high school competitions begin to approach some uniform level of interpretation (and even NCAA regions differ more than they should from such standards), we do not feel justified in fueling a fire of controversy in which one area downgrades another for lower standards. Thus, except in the written reports , we have eliminated the scores of all the finalists . It was interesting to note, however, that fewer references were made to "college level" performances and that there were fewer scores in the 9's, an indication that

Next year we would like to publish our high school issue earlier, perhaps in June-july. Delay has been necessary because of the long season of high school competition which saw championship competitions as early as February 18 in Kansas and as late as June 9 in Los Angeles. To aid our work next year we are planning an outline to be sent to the various championship meets. We would like to receive notices of the sites of the 1968 State High Sr.hool Gvmnastic Championshios to facilitate our plans and also for inclusion in the MG Calendar.


September, 1967

No. 9

NOTES FROM AN ASSOCIATE EDITOR ..................Dick Criley CHALK TALK .............................................................................. PAN AM FINAL TRIALS ....................................... ,Jerry Wright CANADIAN REPORT ...........................................,John Nooney GUEST EDITORIAL ........................................... ,John Hinds, Jr. INTERSCHOOL COMPETITIVE GYMNASTICS Richard Aronson HIGH SCHOOL REPORTS .......................................................... SWISS TURN FEST IN BERN .............................. Kurt Baechler WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP ROUTINE ............................ Voronine RESEARCH AND FITNESS IN GYMNASTICS .... Dr. James Bosco CENTER OF GRAVITY ............................ Lloyd Lingemann, Jr. A PLANCHE A DAY ............................................ Andrew Kadar LET'S TEACH ROUTINES ................................Dr. Bill Vincent GYMNASTIC AIDS .................................................... Don Tonry REARWARD SOMERSAULT ................................ Benny Bishop TRAMPOLINING .................................................,Jess Robinson NOTES FROM A NEUROTIC JUDGE ........................ Roy Davis LIQUID NUTRITION ...............................................Bobby Lane LETTERS .................................................................................... COVER : Illino is State High School All-around Champion , Ed Howard. (30.05 total f or four events.) Coached by Earl D. Schabel of New Trier East, Winnetka, Illinois.

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GLENN SUNDBY .. ................. .......................... Editor.Publi.her. ASSOCIATE EDITORS A. BRUCE FREDERICK ..................... : ...................... Educotion DR. JAMES S. BOSCO .............. ................................ Reseorch DICK CRILEY ............... .... .. .................. ..................... Statistics J 1M FARKAS ........................................ ................ Instruction JERRY WRIGHT .............. ......... .......... .. ............... Competition FRANK L BARE .................. .......... ................................ USGF JESS ROBINSON ... .. .............. .. ...... ...... .......... ......... Trompoline ROY DAVIS ...................... ........... ........ ....................... Judging JACKIE KLEIN UPHUES ...... .............. .......................... Women KENNETH W. HOLLIS ................................................ YMCA KeN SAKODA ...... ~ ............................................. Art & Design INTERNATIONAL JOHN NOONEY ............................. .............. ...... ... ...... Conodo

THE MODERN GYMNAST is published by Sundby Publicat ions, 410 Broadway, Sa nta M o nica , Califo rnia 90401 .' Second Class postage paid at Santa Monica, Calif. Published monthly except bi-mon thly April , May, June and July. Pri ce $5. 00 per yea r, SOc single copy: Subsc ripti on co rrespon dence, THE MODERN GYMNAST, P.O . Box 611 , Sonta M o nica . Califo rnia 90406. Copy ri ght 1967 Š all ri g ht s reserved by SU NDBY PUBLICATI ONS, 4 10 Broadway, Santa Monica , Calif. All pictures and manuscripts su bmitted becom e the property of THE MODERN GYMNAST unless a return request and suffic ient postage ere included.


CONGRESS OF AMERICAN GYMNASTIC COACHES The third annual Congress of American Gymnastics Coaches will be held on November 24-25 at the P rom-Sheraton Hotel, in Kansas City, Missouri. Sponsored by the United States Gymnastics Federation and hosted by the Kansas Gymnastics Association, this year's Congress will feature new innovations and attractions to aid in the development of the sport of gymnastics_ For the firs t time, the Congress will include a section for women. The central location of the Kansas City area should provide for ease of travel and a large turnout is forecast. 1968 OLYMPIC TOUR The U.S.G.F. has planned a special tour for teachers, coaches and gymnastics enthusiasts as well as others who might have a limited number of days to spend at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City. The entire trip will be less than $500 each from Tucson and will include sight-seeing, Spanishspeaking guide, and the all-important gymnastics tickets. The tour call is being made September, 1967, and a $50 deposit will be required by October 1, 1967. Write: U.S.G.F., P.O .. Box 4699, Tucson, Arizona 85717.

New NHSGCA Officers

NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC COACHES ASSOCIATION ELECTS J ACQUIN In conjunction with the NCAA Gymnastic Championships, the NHSGCA held its annual meeting and elections at Carbondale, Illinois. Jerry Jacquin, gymnastic coach at Addison Trail High School, Addison, Illinois, was elected President of the national association. Prior to his duties at Addison, he coached gymnastics at Wheaton Central H.S. for six years. He also serves as the current Sec.-Treas. of the Illinois H. S. Gymnastic Coaches Association. To the post of vice-president, the association elected Sid Drain, a former president of the NHSGCA and of the IHSGCA. Sid is the gymnastic coach at Maine West H.S., Des Plaines, Illinois. Don Perry from Kettering, Ohio, was elected to the Sec.-Treas. office.


PAN AMERICAN GAMESFINAL TRIALS Minneapolis, Minnesota July 7-8-9, 1967 Report by Je rry Wright The University of Minnesota and COach Ralph Piper played the role of first rate hosts for the final trials to select the 1967 Pan American Games gymnastics team. Both the University and Dr. Piper can be justly proud of the results of their efforts. The competition itself centered primarily around 8 gymnasts as they stood out .from the other 9 participants. Those 8 were Richard Lloyd, Dave Thor, Fred Roesthlisberger, Mark Cohn, Robert Emery, Arno Lascari, Jim Amerine and Bob Lynn. Richard Lloyd finished first because he suffered no major breaks, Fred Roethlisberger led all the way through 11 events only to suffer a major break on the final event, the high bar. Mark Cohn was not as steady as in the preliminary trials but performed very well on everything except floor exercise. Robert Emery was a pleasant surprise as he held up well under the pressure losing ground on only the still rings. Dave Thor was very determined and broke only on the still rings with an 8.45 optional score. Arno Lascari beat out Lynn and Amerine on the side horse primarily as he scored 9.05 and 8.85 on two exercises whereas Lynn scored 8.9 and 6.9 and Amerine 8.6 and 8.6 but scored only 8.4 on the compulsory vault. In viewing the results one might quickly get the impression that the competition was either of a low caliber or that perhaps the compulsory exercises were very difficult. Neither, however, was the case as the judging was very strict with scores over 9.0 as scarce as free sam pIes from a bank. A good indication of the judging can be found in the floor exercise event where there were only 4 scotes over 9.0 out of 34 routines. In addition to the above other interesting situations came up that bear repeating.


Richa rd Lloyd

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Dave Thor




Mark Cohn


Robe rt Emery


Arno Lascari



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Floor Ex. 8.9 9.0 8.65 9.2 9.05 9 .3 8.4 8. 6 8.35 8.4 7.8 8 .0

George Bauer, University of Wisconsin coach came up with the spotting gem of the year on his own Fred Roethlisberger. Fred had just stooped in to inverted (Russian) giants, came under the bar, and ran out of gas, failing to make it up the other side. He then fell back down in a german giant position with the wrong grip. Coach Bauer calmly stuck an arm around his waist and prevented what could have been a nasty fall ! Richard Swetman of Penn State fell victim to the same sort of fate on the compulsory exercise as he stooped in to shoot to eagles his extension to the eagle position came much too early stalling his forward momentum. He kept his cool, dislocated his shoulders and did what amounted to a backhandspring off the top of the bar to land on his feet on the floor. The top six men forming this team, I am sure, will do credit to this country in Winnipeg. This is probably the strongest side horse team that has ever represented this country. The top 5 scores on compulsory exercises would have placed 3rd in the last World Championships on the side horse. Of course such a comparison is unrealistic but nevertheless score for score it is an interesting comparison. At the same time the team is quite weak, as a whole, in floor exercise, with 3 of the 6 in the low 8's. There were only a handful of repeats on the side horse compulsory whereas almost everyone repeated on the high bar - quite an unusual situation. At the risk of having no one else mention it I would like to point ou that I discovered in Minn. that Ted Muzyczko received the highest score on the international judges test given recently in Mexico by FIG representatives Gander, Ivancevic, Lylo, and Maloney. Congrtulations to you Ted for such an outstanding achievement. Officials for the meet were MaloneySouth-Superior; Hardy-East-Superior; Musyczko-Mid-East Superior; Beckner - West; Vega-South; Fina-Mid East; Holmes-Mid West; Wright - West; Culbertson - South; Bachna-Mid East; and Ohanas-Mid East. Side Horse 9.55 9.55 9.3 9.2 9.0 8.95 9.45 8.9 9.0 8.45 9.05 8.85

Still Ri ngs 8,5 8.5 9.1 8.45 8.6 9.2 8.75 8.85 8.3 8.35 8.8 8.5

Long H. 9.3 9.25 9.25 9.2 9.2 9.3 8.85 9.1 9.4 9.1 9.0 8.9

PB 8.9 8.45 8.75 8.85 9.3 8.25 8.8 9.3 8.9 9.1 8.6 8.5

HB 9.0 9.1 8.7 9.2 9.35 8.15 9. 15 8.75 9.0 9.15 8 .9 9.35

Total 54.20 108.00 53.75 107.85 54.50 107.65 53.40 106.90 52.95 104.50 52.15 104.2'5



REPORT by fohn Nooney 18 Lavington Dr. Weston, Ontario


PAN AMERICAN GAMES REPORT St. James Arena, Winnipeg The facilities were excellent and the organization superb thanks to the hard work of Rick Duha and his committee and especially to Chuck Sebeysten, the Meet Marshall. From the first day of the compulsories the arena was packed and this high spectator interest continued throughout the entire competition, In fact, for the Individual events finals the competition site had to be moved to the larger Winnipeg Arena because of a sell out of tickets. This is positive proof of the growth Gymnastics in Canada and also points out that if our sport is presented properly it can outdraw any other sport as was just demonstrated in Winnipeg_ The highlight for Canadian Gymnastics was Susan McDonnell winning the gold medal on the Unevens and the silver medal won by the girls team (beating out the Cuban girls by 2.249 points). In the girls competition the American girls were superb. Led by Linda Metheny who captured the All-Around Gold .1edal with 74.03 followed by Joyce Tanac with 72_99 and so on down the line, Walther, Schaenzer, Bailey and Gleason, the USA girls took home the first six places. Susan McDonnell of Ontario with 70_26 points was Canada's top girl followed by Sandra Hartley of B.C. Our girls looked good, but our team sure missed Gail Daley out with an injury. The woman 's judging left a great deal to be desired, It seemed to me the judges were spending a great deal of time in conference, to the annoyance of the spectators. etc. This is absolutely no good Jar the Sport, delaying the meet also is hard on the gymnasts and does not help the meet in any way. The Cuban and Mexican judges must take full responsibility for this at this Pan Am Meet. Our Men's team placed fourth behind the U.S.A. , Cuba, and Mexico. It was a definite disappointment to many. In the last five or six years we have seen the rise of the young Cuban and Mexican teams, while it seems we have stood still. It must be obvious that we must place a greater emphasis on our Junior program (what Junior program? ? ) if we are to place higher in Colombia in 1971. It was obvious from the men's compulsories that Fred Rothlisberger, U.S.A. (110_75) and Fernando Valles, Mexico (109_35) , and Dave Thor, U.S.A_ (109.00) were in a class of their own. The Cuban boys, Hector Ramirez and Octavia Suarez, and David Loyd, U.S.A., followed closely behind. Our own Roger Dian, Quebec, placed 9th All Around and Syd Jensen, last year's junior champion, also from Quebec, placed 10th in All-Around. In the Individual finals Roger Dian won

a bronze medal in the long horse vault, Syd Jen sen placed 4th on Rings, and Rick Kin sman 5th in Floor Exercise. PAN AM RESULTS Men's Team: 1. United States, 548.55; 2. Cuba, 536 .55; 3. Mexico, 529.40; 4. Canada, 519.05; 5. Ecudor, 402 .45; 6. Argentine, 210.75; 7. Brazil, 18 1.35. Men's All Around: 1. Fred Rothl is ber(1er, U.S., 110.75; 2. Fernando Valles, Mexico, 109.35; 3. David Thor, U.S. 109.00; 4. Hector Romlrez, Cuba, 108.75; 5 . Octavio Suarez, Cuba, 108.65; 6. Richard Loyd, U.S, 108.55; 9. Roger Dion, Quebec City, 106.75; 10. Syd Jensen, Canada, 106.60; 11. Richard Montpetit, Dollard des Ormeaux, Que ., 105.50; 19. Rick Kinsman, Fonthill, Ont., 101.55; 24. Cal Girard, Faberville, Que., 96.05. Women's Team: 1. U.S.A . 362.377; 2 . Canada 336.775; 3. Cuba 334.526; 4. Mexico 289 .130; 5. Brazil 112.231. Women's All Around: 1. Linda Matheny, U.S. 74.03; 2. Joyce Tanac, U.S. 72.99; 3 . Marie Wa lther, U.S., 71.61; 4. Donna Schaenzer, U.S., 71.61; 5 . Debbie Boiley, U.S., 71.34; Kathy Gleason , U.S., 70.28; 7. Susan McDonnell, Toronto, 70.28; 9. Sandra Hart ley, North Vancouver, 68.06; 10. Marilyn Minaker, Toronto, 66.44; 15. Glenna Sebestyen, Saskotoon, 65.11; 16. Suzanne Cloutier, Ste. Therese de Blainville, Que., 64.58; 18. Diane Masse, Montreal, 62.68 .

A PERSONAL INTERVIEW WITH ARTHUR GANDER, F.I.G_ PRESIDENT at the Pan Am Games Q. Mr. Gander, what should be done to improve gymnastics in Canada? A. First, build a strong Canadian Gymnastic Association or Federation which will attempt to set a system similar to our European system or one of your own, but a strong Canadian Assoc. is a must. Q. What should be do to improve our presp.nt standard and technical knowledge? A. The main concern should be your JUNIORS and JUNIOR COACHES but do not forget your seniors too much because they will be your future officials, coaches, etc. Q. Are you satisfied with the arrangements and facilities etc_ for this Pan Am Games gymnastic events? A. Yes, John. Excellent, very much so. Q. Are you pleased with the running of the events? A. Yes, more so Men's events than Women's. Q_ Have you a comment on the standard of the performances you have seen? A. I was expecting the American gymnasts to be far superior to the other countries as they have been in gymnastics for many, many years, but this is not so. Cuba, Mexico and Canada, for the length of time in gymnastics, are doing very well. Mr. Gander, thank you ior all the assist". ance you have given us since coming to Canada. Thank you, John. I would like to give you a copy of the F.I.G. 4 year Inter-continental programe and I would like you to quote extracts from it or to publish information from it in your column npw and then. CONTINENTAL F.LG. JUDGES COURSE (Pan American Games) Winnipeg Directors of the course: Mr. Arthur Gander, President of the FIG and Technical President; Mr. Tom Maloney, U.S.A.; Mr. Armand Vega, U.s.A_; Mr. Jose Savinon, Mexico; and Mr. Jacques Chouinard, Canada. The content of the course was about (A) The principles of judging and their application_ (B) The mechanics of movement and their evaluation as performed by gymnasts. Excellent lectures were given by Mr_ Gander_ He spoke about the purpose of the Code of Points; also discussed intermediate . swings, dimensions, forms and measurement of apparatus. He closed his lectures with method of taxation (or deduc-

tion). Mr. Gander took the oral examination_ Mr. Tom Maloney lectured on Execution (Technical faults), trespassing on the floor and time limits on F.X. (An entirely new set up now) gave a practical lesson on Rings and did a fantastic job on evaluation of moves on the Side Horse. Tom did a tremendous job on the Side Horse and has many excellent ideas on the judging of this piece of apparatus. Mr_ Armando Vega talked about strength and swinging movements, gave a practical lesson on the Parallel Bars. He also acted as interpreter for the many Latin American and Mexican candidates, It is good to see one of our excellent gymnasts now working on the staff of these courses. Mr. Jacques Chouinard, our Head Judge of Canada, lectured on the combination of the optional exercise. Interruption of an exercise (How should a judge consider it) and gave a practical lesson on the high bar. Jacques also acted as interpreter on all Mr. Gander's lectures and really did a superb job. Well done, J acques_ At the end of the 3-day course, a practical examination was given and an oral one_ Thirty candidates took part in the course and unofficially I have been informed that 11 candidates were successful. Candidates were from the U.S.A., Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico and Canada. As one of the judges on this course, may I, on behalf of all the candidates, take this opportunity to thank Mr. Gander and his assisting staff for a very thorough and informative judges clinic.

Ed. Note: There will be a furthe r report on the Pan Am Games in the next edition of the MG.


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GUEST EDITORIAL: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - not continue to participate? How can ' we justify to the high school gymnastic specialist the fact that on the college level there is no room for him? He can no longer take part in the THE NCAA AND HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTICS sport. How can we encourage a neophyte to work on one event By John W. Hinds, Jr. in order to eventually develop into an all-around gymnast when Gymnastic Coach, Columbus Sr. High School, Columbus, Indiana the neophyte knows of other gymnasts who were not capable of Recently the NCAA and other powers-to-be have been actively developing into all-around gymnasts by graduation time and thus at work attempting to improve the sport of gymnastics by their careers ended? How can we effectively motivate boys to altering the rules and the events. They should be respected and take part in gymnastics when they realize that only the alladmired for their efforts and apparent concerns. Many of the around gymnast stands a chance of competing on the college changes that have been made are accepted today by all coaches level? What will happen to the growth of gymnastics in the and have been acknowledged as beneficial to the development high schools of our country if the colleges go to only all-around of gymnastics. However, several of the changes that have been men? How can high schools justify to the public a sport that made and apparent trends being advanced of late by the college allows only three or four individuals a chance to represent the coaches are not, in my estimation, in the best interest of gymschool? What happens to the individual that is physically unable nastics when one considers the total U.S. program-in particular to adapt to all gymnastic events? Does the champion specialist the high school programs. have a contribution to make in helping an all-around gymnast * * * attain championship caliber? * * * The college gymnastic programs could not exist at their present caliber of work if it were not for the exceptional high school In view of the above questions presented I should like for programs developing across our country. As a result of this relait to be concluded that I am interested in providing a sport to tionship between the colleges and their high school feeder sysour public in which all individuals will have a chance to particitems, any rules or trends advocated by one of the two groups pate and succeed both in high schools and in colleges. is certain to influence the other group. Why is it then that when Of additional concern to me and many of my colleagues is a the bulk of competing gymnasts are in the high school ranks, rule that is scheduled to go into effect next season banning the the high school coaches are not consulted relative to the rules trampoline event. The questions presented in previous paragraphs and the trends being advanced by the NCAA? Should the opinions relative to the problems of the specialist are revelant as far as of the high school coaches be heard? Why does the NCAA Rules the high school trampolinist is concerned and should be conCommittee not have a high school representative as most of the sidered pertinp.nt at this point. other NCAA sports have? * * * * * * As a high school coach I did not appreciate the NCAA's rul~ ing relating to tumbling. I appreciate less the ruling relative to With these leading questions in mind, I should like to make the trampoline. As with tumbling, the trampoline can often be further comments relative to recent trends and rule changes in used as a starting point in gymnastics in the building of the gymnastics on the college level. I do not feel that all of the fundamentals for apparatus work and thus should be emphasized trends and changes can be justified in light of our present high on all levels of competition. It can also be argued accurately school competitive programs. that the trampoline attracts many boys to the sport of gymAs a high school coach I appreciate the attention that is nastics. They come to bounce and soon learn that there are now being given on the college level in the adaption of its rule~ other challenging events in the sport. toward better international representation. However, a~ a coach * * * of the talent which the colleges use I also feel that their rules Additional factors that support the view that the trampoline should not jeopardize the future development of gymnastics on should be maintained as an event are: it is an effective training the high school level. It now appears to me thit too much attenaid in learning to execute new moves safely; it is a crowd tion is being given to the development of gymnastics for interpleaser-spectators enjoy the event and often come just to view national competitions and not enough concern is being shown the trampoline performances; it is the only true American confor the high school competitors. There should be a happy and appropriate median that the colleges could follow. The high tribution to gymnastics; it is being accepted in other countries and as the author observed at the World Games a trend is school competitors and the high school programs cannot be present which will end with its acceptance in the Olympics; it neglected if the colleges wish to continue their progress. * * * is the only event that Americans can dominant in over other Directly related to the colleges emphasis on international countries. competitions is the apparent trend toward the development of * * * It has often been mentioned that the trampol~ne is responthe college teams solely around all-around men. True, next season only two all-around will be required per team and an entire sible for more injuries than any other apparatus. There is no team of all-around men has not yet been approved by the NCAA. evidence in Indiana high school gymnastics that this 路statement However there are strong rumors that it will be only a matter is justified. Most coaches realize and respect the dangers inherof time before we will see college gymnastic teams of solely ent in this event but also feel that there are other gymnastic all-around men. The implication of this trend is that a specialist events that are as dangerous or more dangerous than the trampohas no place in college gymnastics. line, such as the horizontal bar. All gymnastic events should be * * * dropped if we want to prevent injuries-is this what we want? It is not my purpose to belittle the all-around gymnast. I Accidents as much as we attempt. to avoid them happen and, fully realize that he is important and the ultimate in gymnastics. as a result, some individuals are injured-however we must However, I strongly feel the present ruling that each team must recognize the benefits that the hundreds of uninjured receive. enter two all-around gymnasts in dual-meets is sufficient to Under the proper supervision the hazards of any competitive develop gymnasts for international competition. If this trend sport can be reduced to a minimum. * ,. it advances to three and then finally four all-around men per team the high school programs will suffer. What will happen to the It has been my purpose in the previous paragraphs to prohigh school specialist when he graduates and attends a college? test in logical questions and statements to the NCAA's (colleges) Will he have an opportunity to effectively compete and reap the dominance over gymnastics in the U.S.A. and the trends apparrewards of participation in a sport? Is there any other sport ently underway that they appear to be promoting. It is hoped offered on the high school level which is also available on the that the colleges or NCAA officials will justify to the high school college level in which the athlete (specialist in gymnastics) cancoaches their recent actions.


Richard Aronson Central Washington State College (Presented at the Northwest AAHPER District Convention, Yakima, Wash., April 13·15, 1967) The sport of gymnastics has reached a new high in school and college competitive programs. All over the country, gymnastics has been incorporated into teaching units, intramurals and competitive teams. Boys of secondary school age seem to enj oy this activity and particularly look forward to gymnastics in the required program. Administrators have seen the values of gymnastics and are aware that under proper supervision, gymnastics has a significant role in the athletic program. Nationally, high school gymnastic competition has become a major sport in some areas. Large crowds, local television, newspapers and other news media have given the sport increased impetus in reaching the public. It is without question that the high school gymnast is the key to the collegiate picture, and there are certain areas of the country where gymnasts are sought after as much as outstanding football, basketball and track stars. The quality of high school gymnasts has increased almost as much as the quantity. Some boys are performin g routines in competition that ten years ago would have placed them hign in NCAA competition. Illinois, California, New York, P ennsylvania, Massachusetts, and Washin gton are producing excellent gymnasts all capable of making college teams. Frosh teams are competing against varsity teams and in some cases have beaten the varsity. This, in itself shows the level of gymnastics in the high schools. The high school coach is in demand to produce top notch teams and individuals and with this goes excellant gate receipts in dual and championship meets. There are a few areas where gymnastics actually outdraws other sports in terms of audience reaction. Education of the public regardin g the sequences of gymnastics is necessary. It is vital that the coach, both at the h igh school and college levels, adopt methods of edu· catin g the public so they may understand some of the complexities of the sport. Through the advent of television, gymnastics has hecome quite. popular to the viewer. Certainly, the recent World Championships shown on television has been discussed by

gymnastic fan s allover the country. Lay peo ple have been very impressed with this sport and coaches cannot be happier knowing that, finally , gymnastics has now reached into the living rooms of the general public. Some suggested ways of educating the public are : L Increased television coverage of major competition 2. Movies shown in schools for P.E. classes; club and gymnastic teams 3. Exhibition at school assemblies ; other sporting events Another way to increase popularity in dual and championship meets is to conduct the contest with some fanfare. There is no reason why teams cannot march in to the gymnasium with music accompaniment, captains, coaches and officials introduced and scores fla shed to the public. This is a trend that must be continued so that gymnastics will remain an enjoyable sporting event. Officials play a very important part of the program. It goes without saying, that, "ANY sport is as good as its officiating" With poor officiating the entire program loses its appeal. Early stages of programming involve organzation, administration, and coaching a

begi nning team into one that the school and community can be proud of. Many questions arise ; how to get started; purchasing equipment; scheduling and coaching six to eight different events. The latter is the most diffi cult. Coaching gymnastics by one man is like coaching all positions in footba ll or all events in track while being coach, manager and trainer all at the same time. Since each event has separate evaluations, the coach must organize his schedule so that he can reach the majority of boys in one afternoon. He must also depend upon the more experienced gymnasts to help the younger boys in terms of teachin g and spotting. There are many avenues the coach can take in a training session. He can work certain events on certain days; stress floor exercise last when the gymnasium is cleared; plan his space so that he has a vantage point for the entire area and plan his sessions in order to safeguard the hands of the gymnasts. The coach must know the rules of the sport, and how they fit into each routine. Since many coaches also officiate due to the lack of qualified officials in this country, they have become sophisticated in coaching tactics needed to promote a successful team.

VERMONT STATE HIGH SCHOOL tNVITATIONAL GYMNASTIC MEET BOYS AND GIRLS University of Vermont Thomas C. Dunkley, Meet Director Team standings: Boys - Essex Junct ion (EJ). Harwood Union (HU ), S. Burl ington (SB). Girls-S. Burlington, Burlington (B). Essex Juncti on . Combined standings: Essex Junction , S. Burlington , Harwood Union, Burlington , Middlebury (M), Newport (N). St. Albans, Winooski. Boys : FX : Gile (HU). Learned, B. (EJ ), Learned, J . (EJ). SH : Iri sh (EJ), Learned, J., Parker (HU) . Tr : Sharrow (B), Go bin (EJ), Chase (HU). PB : Jacobs (EJ) , Heath (N), Therrault (HU). R : Chamberlain (EJ ), Constant (HU), McNeil (HU ). T : Gil e, Chase, Mulgraw (EJ). Girls : T: Dunkley, D., (SB), Harr ington (B) . SHV : Dunkley, D., Dunkley, R., Blanchett (EJ) . B: Du nk ley, D. Reynolds (M), All en (B) . UPB : Dunkley, D. Dunkley , R., Smith , (EJ). Tr: Dunkley, D., DunkI"y, R., McGill (B). FX : Kabab ia n (S), Dunkley, R., Dunkl ey, f'.

Casey Sanders of Marshall and Bob Gaddis of Madiso n each won two events . Sanders captured the all-around, floor exercise and parallel bars as Gaddis wo n the side horse and long horse vault. Rick Bunde of Webster won the still rings, Jerry Boddy of Rush Henrietta the horizontal bar, Charles Lund y of Franklin the tumbl ing , and Steve Pies of Rush Henrietta the trampoline. Results Team standings: Webster , Irondequoit, Rush - Henrietta, Mad i son, Marshall, Edison, East. AA : Casey Sanders (Mar), Bob GaddiS (Mad), Jerry Boddy (Rush ). FX : Sanders, B r u c e Lubitow (Ed), Charles Lund y (F ran k) . SH : GaddiS, Mike Johnson (Web). Pat Finn (Web). PB : Sanders, Bundy, Jim Wing (Web) . HB : Bodd y, Jay Webster (Web) Dan Farnan (Iron) . R : Rick Bunde (Web ), Dick Day (Iron), Ed Sommerha ys (Rush). LH : Gaddis, Johnson , Wing. Tr: Steve Pies (Rush), Bob Graham (Frank), Bruce Forsburg (Web). Tu: Lundy, Farnan , Gene Lund y (Frank ).

NEW YORK STATE PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL CHAMPIONSHIPS, SECTION V by Clayton Bush, Section Chairman The Section 5 Championships were held March 4 at the R. L. Thoma s High School in Webster, New York. Seven teams participated .

NEW YORK STATE PUBLIC HIGH SCH00:' GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS, SECTION XI by Feno S. Volpe, Section Chairman The Sec t ion XI Gymnastics Champi onships were held on March 2 and 3, 1967, at Commack High School , Commack, New York. A


Promoting a competItIve team has many aspects to be consider ed. The coach must teach the gymnast how to "sell" his exercise to the officials. He should be taught to present himself to the apparatus as if he "owned it". If he slips or falters, he must learn to cover up and not show signs of displeasure. This all takes time to master and mold into self discipline so that the end product will be a highly trained athlete_ . The co ach and administrator must keep in mind the intangible aspects of this game. Once the boy has "gotten the bug" he will want to keep training throughout the year. He will want to continue to learn new movements and discipline himself to be a better athlete than his teammate. The days of the seasonal gymnast are over and if a coach wishes to -compete on a high level he will find his boys will want to train during most of the school year. It takes years of education to be a hi ghly skilled gymnast and this cannot be accomplished in three months of the year. Admini strators and coaches should be receptive to lon ger periods of training and in this way will develop a high quality program.

total f a 18.5 boys, repre senting 15 teams from Suffolk County competed in 8 events including the all-around. Bill Mitchell , a junior at Huntington, won the AA , LH V, 2nd in HB and 2nd in PB. The only other double winner was Neil Loy of Lindenhurst who took the HB and PB events . Commack Hi gh's depth was sufficient t o edge out lindenhurst High for the team championship. Team standings : Commack, Lin denhurst , Huntington, Newf iel d, Patchogue, Harborf ie lds, Port J efferson , Northport, Westhampto n , Walt Whitman, John H . Glenn. AA: Bill Mitchell , Sandy A llen , Neil Loy. FX: Bob May berr v, Joe Ceni s, Dave Radzi esk i. SH: Clyde Gibson, Jerry T o ledo , All . HB : Loy, Mitchell" Buss Nicolazzi. LH: Mitchell, Charlie Kozel, Bob Dugan. PB : Loy Mitchell , H ank Quanbeck. R: Br ian McCutcheon, Ron Gordon , Bob Wiebe lt. Tu: Cenis, Radzieski , Brian Whitney. 'WINNING ROUTINES: Neil Loy High Bar: Rev erse grip ca st t o giant circle, stoop through heel circle forward to dislocate t o regular grip kip to two regular

RO, FF, Layout. (3) RO, FF, Back Fulltwist, FF, FF , Back La yout. Side Horse: Clyde Gibson; Inverted Stockli mountside lift travel to end-kehre or Crown in to high brea k into fwd Scissors-Rev. Doub les into Rev. Scissors , side lift down , loop with half twist dismount. (Swan) Long Horse Vault: Bill Mitchell: Handspring from Neck. Still Rings: Brian McCutcheon; Straight Body pull t o inverted hang , Back uprise Cross-Hold , Backroll to "L" hold, H ollowback Handstand-Hold, Lower through planche to Olympic cross-ho ld, Rev erse kip to immediate straddle cut backward dismount . Floor Exercises : Robert Mayberry; Front handspring-Front sam ie-Prone fall , to pinwheel-Stand-run-RO , FF, Back layout to Front Scale- Handstand-hold-forward roll, FF, high straddle leap-FF-walkout t o Reverse pirauette-handstand-hald-s ide drop to front splits bent arm press to handstand-hold-forward roll to stand-high scissor s kick-RO, FF , Back Somle tuck. Parallel Bars: Neil Loy; Dive to glide kip to dislocate, front uprise

grip giants, cross over pirouette to reve rse grip giant, straddle on,

Straight arms Straight legs press t o hand-stand-hold-drap cast to back uprise Straddle cut and catch-Straight bod y roll t o back uprise handstand - hold - lay away, front uprise immediate front somie pike ' dismount.

stradd le off to giant circle, straddle vault dismount. Tumbling: Joe Ceni s; ( 1) RO, FF , Whip Back, FF, Back lay out. (2) Fr. Handspr, Fr. Sam ie, 'Nalkout ,




il L"


1967 GOLD COAST CONFERENCE CHAMPIONSHIPS by Chick Cicio, Meet Director, North Miami High School Haileah was defending team champion and , with the fine work of Steve Belleme who t oo k firsts in the all-around, long horse, and fl oor exercise and Russell Bush who took firsts in the rings and p-bars , repeated their ch ampionship style . The .competition required two evenings-a preliminary session and the final s, both attended by fine crowds. The other first places went to Jay Gastman of Coral Park o n the side h orse and t o John Proctor of North Miami on high bar. The Gold Coast has dropped tumbling and trampoline and is pushing the six olympic events.

Mickey Uram 1967 Pennsylvania State H.S. All-Around Champion

1967 EASTERN STATES HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIP Temple University, April 8, 1967 by Carl Patterson Top high school gymnasts from Pennsy lvania, Maryland, New Jersey, Delaware, and Massachusetts representing more than 35 high schools competed in this annual meet which is sponsored by the Temple University Gymnastic Team alumni. The all-around title was won by Dan Warbutton of Belle Vernon Pennsylvania, who captured both the horizontal bar and parallel bar titles and a second in floor exercise en route to his victory. Rick McCurdy, t op all-around gymnast from Highlands, New Jersey placed second, also taking two first place medals-on long horse and rings. Richard Martin from Newton Massachusetts, took first on floor exercise and fin ished third in the all-around. Placing as did their all-around men, the teams finished with Belle Vernon first, Henry Hudson of Highlands, New Jersey in the runner-up position, and Newton High third. Tteam standings: Belle Vernon, Po . (BV), Henry Hu~son , Highlands, N.J. (HH), Newton , Mass . (N), Mt. lebanon, Pittsburgh, Po . (Ml), Butler, Po . (B), Southern Freehold , Freehol d, N.J. (SF), Pennndge, PerkaSie, Po. (P), Lincoln Philo., Po. , Neshaminy, langhorne: Po . (N),. Freehold, N.J . (F), Bartram, Philo., Po. (Bar), Abington, Po., Wheaton, Md., Penn Hills, Pittsburgh, Po. (PH), Needham, Mass., Pennsbury, Yardley, Po . West Mifflin South, Pittsburgh , Po. AA: Dan Warbutton (BV), Rick McCurdy (HH), Robert Martin (NH) . FX: Martin , Warbutton, McCurdy. SH: Jack Gracig (B), Warrer. Marshall (Bar), Norman Vexler (SF). HB: Warbuttan, Martin, Garth Garges (P). LH: McCurdy, Pete Sorg (Ml), Dan Runfola (NH). PB : Warbutton, Vexler, Robert Koenig

(F). R: McCurdy, Victor H o lm (B), Warbutton, Glenn Troutman (PH).

1967 PENNSYLVANIA STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS - GIRLS Pennsylvania State University AA: M a a re (Little Fl ower), Broadley (lansdaowne), McGarry (Kensington). FX: Broadley, McGarry, Moore. SHV : Moore, Ciepl y (Monessen), Bishop (Shenango). B: McGarry, Moore, Broadley. UPB : Moore, Cieply, Tkocik (Beaver Falls).

1967 PENNSYLVANIA STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS - BOYS Pennsylvania State University Butler gymnasts cast a big shadow over the field at the 1967 Pennsyl v ania High School Championships held March 25 at the Pennsylvania State University, capturing the team trophy and eight medals. led by senior Mickey Uram and junior Joe Gracik, the Tornados captured their third title in four years. Uram won the all-around and parallel bars while taking second in floor exercise and the lang horse . Gracik outclassed all other competitors to take side horse. Schools from the western part of the state dominated the meet. Aside from Garth Garges of PennRidge, there was little challenge offered by the East. Belle Vernon ' s Warbutton finished runner- up to Uram's 50.35 with a 47 .9 011around total while Rochester's Dave Repp was third with 46.15, and Garges fourth with 44.95. Team standings: Butler, Belle Vernon. AA: Mickey Uram (B), Dan Warbutton (BV), D a v e Repp (Rochester) . FX: Meek (Mt. lebanon), Uram, Warbutton. SH: Gracik (B), Rock (B), Warbutton. HB: Uram, Ta venner (Penn Hills), Garges (PennRidge). LH : Haugh (Kiski), Uram, Warbutton. PB: Uram , Warbutton, Repp. R: Tr outman


(PH) . Holom logan) .



(Chie f

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NEW YORK STATE PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL INTER-SECTIONAL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS Buffalo, New York by Frank p, Chiffey Eight sec tional championships were held throughout the state prior to the State Championships at Buffalo State University on March 11, 1967. Each sect ion was represented at the finals by the first and second place winners and the first and second p lace finishers

in all all -a r ound categor y. Since rope climb, tumbling and trampoline did not determine the sect io nal winners, these results were not included in this report. Section standings : Section 8, Section 3, Section 9. AA: Marshall Avener (8), William Mitchell (11), Casey Sanders (5), Walter Campagna (8). FX : Sanders, Robert Mayberry (11), Joe Cenis (11) . SH: T ony De Stefano (3), Clyde Gibson (11), Ken Saffien (8). HB : Marshall, Campagna, Joe leskoske (3). LH: Rick Macheda (3), Mike logonia (8) and Milton Collins (1), John Banuski (3). PB : Mitchell, Rod Davis (3), Wyane Wishier (1). R: Eugene Carney (8), louis la Terra (3), laskoske.

1967 PHILADELPHIA PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL CHAMPIONSHIPS Team: lincoln (1st), Central (2nd) . AA: 路John Vavra (Lincoln), Warren Marshall (Bartram), Ray Dickerson (lin). Tu: George Cowan (S. Philo) , Eric Hammond (W. Philo), Melvin Hill (W. Philo) . SH: Marshall, lemont, Hayes (Olney), Peter Sounder (Central). HB : Vavra, Dickerson , Hammond. PB: tie between Matt Maxwell 'W. Philo) and Vavra, Dickerson . R: Brian Eisenberg (Wash), tie between John Beteroff (Northeast) and Vincent Faust (W. Ph ilo) .


Team standings: Hialeah (H), North Miami (NM), Coral Park (CP), Norland (N), South West (SW), Miami Springs (MS), Carol City (CC), Coral Gables (CG), Miami High (MH), Killian (K). AA: Steve Belleme (H), Steve Byers (CP), Pat Harris (N). FX: Belleme, Bob Bosse (NM), M ike DiGiacomo (H). SH: Jay Gartman (CP), Ruben Ruis (CP), tie between Don Hoechari (NM) and Frank leGrand (SW). HB: John Proctor (NM), Belleme, Mike White (SW). LH: Belleme, White, Bosse. PB : tie between Russell Bush (H) and Byers, Harris. R: Bush, Byers, Frank Thompson,

KENTUCKY HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS By Bob Wason University of Louisville The first sanctioned Kentucky High School Gymnastic Championships were held April 1, 1967 at the University of louisvi lle. Though competitive gymnastics in the state is still in its infancy, the sport has aroused enoug h interest in the past few seasons to prov ide the meet with a su rpri singl y large turnout of spectators. T wo sepa rat e meets were conducted si multa neously, with eleven boys' team and one and ten girls' teams in the other. The Boys Team Title was earned by Thomas Jefferson H . S. of l ouisv ille with a margin of 100 points over second place Iroquois, also fr om lou isvi lle. led by the outstanding work of Albert Boykins who won the All-Around title, the Th omas Jefferson boys captured every first place in the seven events. The Iroquois boys were led by Mike Gregory who took fourth in the All-Around event. The Girls Team Tlitle was also won by lou isvil le's Thomas Jefferson High School. They were led by Gloria Clark and Donna Meredith, who finished first and second, respectively, in the All-Around

event. Team Standings: Boys - Thomas Jefferson (TJ), Iroquoi s (I), lexington lafayette (ll), Dav iess Cou nty (DC), lexington Tates Creek (l TC), Central (C), Male High (MH) . AA: Albert Boykins (TJ), Mike Motley (TJ), Gary Borders (TJ) . FX: Boykins, Motley, Bob Sanford (ll). SH: Boykins, Borders, tie between Motley and David Bingham (I). Tr : Motley, Sanford, Nard Johnson (l TC). HB: Boykins, Motley, Chris Miller (I). LH : Boykins, Motley, Joe linfoat (I). PB: Boykins, Jim Clant on (DC) , Motley. R: Boykins, Borders, Steve Wides (l TC) . Tu: Boy kins , Motley, Sanford. Team' standings: Girls - Thoma s Jefferson (TJ), Iroquois (I), Tate s Creek (TC), Pleasure Ridge Park (PRP), lafayettes (l), tie between Seneca and lexington Byron Station. AA: Gloria Clark (TJ), Donna Meredith (TJ), linda Kincaid ( I) . FX: ' Debbie Newton (TC) , Clar k, Kathy Carlton (l). B: Clark, Donna Hazel (PRP), Gay Burgin (PRP). 路SHV: Clark, Meredith, Kincaid. UPB : Gay Fleener (TJ), Meredith, tie between Clark and Betty Elam (I) . Tr: Peggy Wilson (TC), Janet Jones (I), Fa y Williams (PRP). Tu: Clark, Har iett Nelson (I), Meredith .


INDIANA HIGH SCHOOL ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION STATE GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS March 2S, 1967 by John W. Hinds, Jr. Columbus Senior High School After 7 years of State Invitational Championsh ips in gymnastics, the first State Gymnastic Championships sponsored by the IHSAA were held . at Warren Central H.S. in Indianapolis. Three sectional meets had been held in preparation for the state championships to qualif y the top 5 men in each event and the top three teams in the state. Twenty-three of the 31 schools with active competition participated in the stote championships, representing appro x imatel y 700 gymnasts. . Concord, last . year's Inv itati onal winner led the field until the la st two events when Columbus overcame a 29 poi nt deficit to win 106 to 89 . A fine Madison Heights team came close to upsetting Concord for 2nd place as they tallied 85 points. In addition to the battle for the team championship, 0 duel developed between last year's all-aro und winner Tom Dunn of North Central and Brent Simmons of Columbus. Although Simmons beat Dunn in 3




on ,

circles, moore , circles, direct tromlet, circles t tromlet down, circles, double in , circles, cut, reverse circles, regular scissors (2), cut, reverse scissor cut, circles, tromlet down, circle, loops (2), pop-off dismount. Trampoline: Myers - Baroni-o ut fliffus, double back, double back, rudo lph, back, back full, back, 3,4 back, double cody. Horizontal Bar: Simmons-Cast, 3,4 giant, stoop, di s locate, Eagle, pop to fro nt giant, 3,4 giant, stalter, 3,4 giant, reach under to va ult, straight arm kip, 2 back giants, blind change, 2 front giants, hecht dismount. Parallel Bars: Simmons - Peach to support, ilL" lever, straight arm straddle press to handstand , back toss, stutz, cast double leg cut layaway front uprise, swing pirouette, layout back off with Y2 twist. Rings: Earle Inverted hang, elevator to handstand , regular giant to handstand , Straight body back roll , cross, roll t back leverj dislocate, straight body ro ll , olympic cross, double d islocates, high straddle leg cut off. Tumbling : Powell- RO, FF, double full. RO, FF, Back, back, back, back, back. Front, front, roll, RO, FF, back layout. RO, FF, Back full, back. l



Lee Wayman ILLINOIS STATE HIGH SCHOOL CHAMPIONSHIPS by Ronald L. Walden, Evanston, III. This year's Illinois State High School Gy mnastics Meet was held at Prospect High School . in Mt . Prospect, Illinois on March 10 and 11. In addition to a capacity crowd of over 3,000, the meet was televised live in its entirety to the Ch icago area.. Sixty-four teams entered at the district level : Forty teams qualified boys to go to the State Finals and 24 teams scored in the final s. For the third time in the last five years Evanston's team came out on top. They scored 51 V2 points while the host school, Prospect was second with 36 V2 points. Ed Howard of New Trier East won the all-around with 30.05 points, followed closely by Murray Plotkin of Niles North with 29.0S . Results Team standings: Evanston (E), Prospect (P), Maine East (ME), Niles West (NW), Niles East (NE) , New Trier East (NT) , WaUkegan (W), Niles North (NN), Proviso East (PE), Glenbard East (GE), Barrington, Wheeling, York (Y)( Conant, Proviso West, Oak Park OP). AA : Howard (NT), Plotkin (NN), Ma-

Russell Giles zur (ME). Tr: Slatten (NE), Silverman (E), Wedor (E) . SH : Lidecker (GE) , Allen (W), Scully (ME). HB: Howard, Plotkin, Giles (E) . PB: Wayman (E), Mazur, Long (P). R: Rochell (NW), Mazur, Dayton (Y). Tu: Siotten, Henderson (W) , Maloney (OP) .


WISCONSIN STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin by Bob Verblock, Marshall H.S. For the first time in the S-year history of the State Meet, Granville High School foile<;l to capture first place. Perhaps it was the loss of Coach Bob Bowen , but Granv ille,



Columbus High School-Indiana State Champions of the 5 all-around events, he was unable to retain his lead through the rings. Dunn performed a fine ring routine and thus won the title. The first State Gymnastic Championship was vi ewed by approx imatel y a thousand spectators. Team standings: Columbus Sr. H.S., Concord Community H.S., Madison Heights H. S. North Central , Wabash, Crown Poi nt, Elkart, Warren Central , Elwood, Hammond Clark . AA : Tom Dunn (NC), Brent Simmons (Col), Chuck Earle . FX : Jerry Hostetler (CC ), Bruce Canaday (MH), Simmons. SH : Dunn, Bill Bratton (CP), Rick Flohr (Col). Tr: Mike Myers (CC), Rick Martzall (MH), Eric Connell (MH) . He: Simmons, Dunn, Mike Rich (MH), PB : Simmons, Dunn, Bob Eckhort (CC) . R: Chuck Earle (Col), Dunn, Dave Seal (Col). Tu: Gary Powell (CC), Hostetler, Mark Sackett (E). Winning routines:

Floor Exercises: Hostet ler : RO, FF, back full , Swedish fall, pinwheels into planche, lower t o stomach, rise straight body to handstand, step down with V2 turn to RO, FF, back into splits, Straight arm press, V2 turn pirouette , step down, run dive roll, straddle leapfront, forward straddle leg roll , straight arm press t o handstand, roll out to straddle chest lean, Valdez seat thru , Valdez walkout with V2 turn , RO, FF , back layout.




only able to muster third place in a rapidly improving field of high schools teams. The final team standings were Milwaukee John Marshall, Green Bay Preble , and Brown Deer. Much of the credit for the interest in and development of high school gymnastics is due to the newly-formed coaches association. Most of the coaches in the state are young and their interest is high. Gymnastics is due for tremendous growth in Wisconsin.

Coach Robert Verbick and his Wisconsin State Champions from Milwaukee, John Marshall H.S.

Team standings: Boys-Santa Fe, Lovington, Roswell. AA: Mark H opkins (L), Mike Duran (SF), Leo Ri os (SF). FX : K. Camp (R), H . Walte-s (Farmington), B. Coker (R). SH: Hopkins, Duran, F. Gardenas (SF) . HB : D. Hadl ey (S F), J. Duran (SF), Hopkins. LH : R. Carson (Gallup), Rios M. Torrez (R). PB : Duran , Hopkins, Hadley. R: Rios, tie be· tween S. H ohimer (Eunice) and Duran. Tr : Hopkins, R. Link (R), J. Harlow (L). Tu : Coker, Camp, R. Duarte (Carlsbad). Team Standings: Girls - Car lsbad, Roswell, Farm ington. AA: D. Pope (R), Laquita Hargrove (C), Susan Stoabs (F). FX : Hargrove, R. Denhof (C), Pope. SHV : E. Davis (R), C . Hernandez (Goddard), L. Page (West Mesa). B: A. Roark (G), Stoabs, Hargrove. UPB: Tie between Hargrave and A . Condry (Gallup). Tr : Tie between L. Camp (L) and C. Brueland (C lovis), S. Sowell (R) . Tu : Sowell, Hargrove, Denhof.

Ken Snow KANSAS STATE HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS February 18, 1967 Lawrence High School Team standings: Lawrence (L), Wichita South (WS), Wichita East (WE), Medicine Lodge (ML), Wichita North (WN), Olathe (0), Atchison (A), Wichita West (WW), Wichita Southeast (WSe), Topeka H igh (T). AA: Ken Snow (L) John Brouillette (WS), Steve Mitchell (L) . FX : Snow, Stan Clyne (WS), Russ Byram (0) . SH : Brouillette , Tony Martin (L), Richard Schubert (L). HB: Stan Percival (ML), Ken Smith (WE), Gerald Carley (WS). LH: Mitchell, Jo Li ve ly (WE), Mike Withrow (WW). PB: Mitchell, Brouillette, Mick McGuire (W E). R: Kirk Gardner (A), Jerry Bede (WE), Ralph Bickford (WSe) . Tu : Stan Cl yne (WS), Snow, Jim Daffron (WW).


1967 NEW MEXICO HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS Gallup, New Mexico by Darlene Schmidt Pres.-N. Mex. Gymnastic Assoc. Approximately 400 boys and

9 iris, representing 14 schools, com-

peted in the two-day state meet. The Santa Fe boys team led by lettermen Leo Rios and Mike Duran and coached by Clarence A ll en again won the boys division display ing greater depth over all events than last year. Lovington repeated as runner-up and Roswe ll as third place finisher. The gir ls competition was won by the team from Carlsbad, led by Laquita Hargrove who earned second place in the all-around competition in addition t o her v icto ries in the floor exercise and uneven bars

events. Rob Paffrath







.., ,i -, ~-~

Marv Hildebrand WASHINGTON STATE HIGH SCHOOL INVITATIONAL GYMNASTIC MEET by Rex Davis, Coach Washington State University Tremendous improvement by other high school teams was nat sufficient to prevent Highl ine Hi gh of Seatt le from dominating the competition for the second strai ght year . Led by Marv Hildebrand, who won the all-around title for the second straight year, Coach Bob Sarvor's gymnasts tallied 172.5 points, easily topping second place Renton (154.75) and third place Issaquah (154.10). In addition to all-around, H ildebra nd earned first

places an long horse, high bar, parallel bars, and rings. Jerry Kraft of Issaquah won tumbling and floor exerci se whi le teammate Dennis WhitcC'mb won trampo line. Bruce Denton of Highline was first on the side horse. Team standings : Highline (H), Renton (R), Issaquah ( I), Kennewick (K), Bothell (B), Kent, Cascade (C) . AA : Marv Hildebrand, (H) , Jerry Kraft ( I), Dean Hale (H). LH: Hildebrand, tie bet ween Wes Busch (R) and Bob Loen (H). HB : Hildebrand, Leon , Hale . FX: Kraft, Whitcomb (I), Steve Justiss (H). PB: Hildebrand, Kraft, tie between Loen and Hale. SH: Bruce Denton (H), John Schufr ider (H), Hildebrand. R: Hildebrand, Kraft, Larry Christenson (I). Tr: Dennis W hitcomb (I), Nat e Ham ilton (Chehalis), Jeff Bar e (K) . Tu: Kraft, H i ldebrand , Whitcomb. 1967 OREGON HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS BOYS by Harry Johnson, Coach South Eugene High School Tremend ous team depth moved South Eugene High School to its fifth consecutive Oregon H i g h Schoo l Gymnastic s Championship held March 10 at the University of Oregon . The championship meet proved a two-team contest with South Eugene edging David Douglas High School of Portland , 125 to 101 .5. As in past years, the Eugene school's strong show ing in the all-around events was the de cisive factor in the meet. South Eugene's All-around team of 'Ron Moninger, Bruce H oyt, and Eric Nickerson fini shed 1-2-5. Moninger, the defending champ ion, was superb with firsts in all-around and horizontal bar and seconds in floor exercise and parallel bars. Team-· mate Bruce Hoyt finished a close second to Moninger and had a first place tie in long horse and seconds in floor exercise and horizonta l bar. South Eugene's Rob Paffrath was outstanding winning the parallel bars. David Douglas gymnasts equalled South Eugene's total of first place winners with George Shoemaker in floor exe rcise , Dennis Lloyd in side ho rse, Mike Walker in rings, and Gary Brain who tied with H oyt in the long horse. AA: Ron Moninger (South Eugene), Bruce H oyt (SE), Gary Brain (David Douglas). FX: George Shoemaker (DD), tie between Moninger and Hoyt . SH: Dennis Lloyd (DD) . Martin Huston (DD), Joe Perci v al (SE). HB: Moninger, Hoyt, Mike Walker (DD). LH : Tie between Brain and Hoyt, Darrel White (DD) . PB: Rob Paffrath (SE), Moninger, Hoyt. R: Walker, Dave Halseth (Cottage Grove), and tie between Doug Church (McN) and Don A v ance (DD). Gary Brain

Mary Beth Hamphill

1967 OREGON HIGH SCHOOL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIPS GIRLS by Harry Johnson South Eugene High School Fine all-around performances by De Etta Jamison and Jayne Hamilton lifted Portland's David Douglas High School t6 its first girls state gymnastic championship. The two David Douglas girls finished 1-2 in all-around and scored all of their team's 72 points. South Eugene was second with 41, foll 0wed by Marshfield , Albany, and South Sa lem . Miss Jamison dominated the meet with firsts in all-around ,






vaulting, third in beam, and sixth in uneven bars. Te.a mmate Jayne Ham ilton placed second in beam and vaulting, third in uneven bars . and sixth in floor exercise in addition to her second place in allaround. South Eugene's Mary Beth Hemphill was the winner in balance beam while Penny Perin of North Eugene won the uneven bars. AA: DeEtta Jamison (D a v i d Douglas), Jayne Hamilto n (DD), tie between Mary Beth Hamphill (South Eugene) and Lori McDaniel (Marshfield). FX: Jamison, McDaniel , Janis Kato (Albany). B: Hemphill, Hamilton, Jamison. UPB : Penny Perin (North Eugene), Caro l Brodsky (SE), and Hamilton. SHV : Jamison, Hamilton , tie between Barbara Hanen (M) and Bonnie Watts (South Salem).

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA OPEN CHAMPIONSHIPS Yreka High School, March 4, 1967 by Ed Loudon Yreka High Schoo l, coached by Ed Loudon, won the open meet for the . second straight yea r , totaling 156.8 points and capturing 8 of 9 first places. Ralph Grossen of Y reka won all-around in addition to firsts on floor exercise, long ho r se, parallels, and tumbling . The NCAA scoring system was used in this meet. In northern California the high schools sti ll offer nine events to give more boys a chance t o participate in gym-

nastics . Team standings: Y reka , Del Norte, Pleasant Valley. FX: Grossen , Carl Beath (PV), Jim Sch ile (DN) . SH: Eri c James (Y), Don Clemanns (DN), Jan Jenott (Y). Tr: John Ridgeway (DN), Grossen , Dennis Louy (DN) . HB: Pat Coonrod (Y), John Tufts (Y), Nick Rail (DN) . LH: Grossen, Ridgeway, Roger Lorenzini (Y) . PB : Grossen, Rail, Lorenzi ni. R : Tuft s, Dan Struble (Y), T om Freeman (Y). Tu: Gros- ' sen, Ridgeway, Carl Beath (PV ). Rope: Tufts 5.3 sec ., Coonrod 5.9 sec., Chris Havens 6.2 sec.


NORTHERN CALIFORNIA DIVISIONAL MEETS Report by Bob Peavy Three divisional meets are held prior to the Northern California Invitational which was hosted thi s year by Hillsdale High School of Son Mateo. In order to qualify in a Division meet I a gymnast must have been one of the top f;v e qualifiers in his league. In order t 6 qualify for the Northern California Invitational, a gymnast must have been one of the top five qualifiers in his Division . The East Boy Championships were hosted by Ygnacio Volley and Ted Bogios. The West Boy Championships were hosted by Son Mateo and Art Andrews. The Independent League Championships w ere hosted by Homestead High and Jock Medina . These three divisional meets were held one week before the N .C.1. EAST BAY QUALIFIERS: Teams: Ygnacio Volley (YV), College Pork (CP), Fremont (F), Skyline (S), Mt. Diablo, Oakland (0), Castlemont, Pleasant H i I I , Clayton Volley, Pacifico . AA: Bob Spencer (YV) , Tim Lutz (YV), Gill Gimbel (CP) . FX: Lutz, Spencer, Don Bankston (S). SH: Rich Stickney (MD), Todd Chisum (YV), Dennis Malone (S) . Tr: Mike Segale (CV), Rudy Jones (0), Rich Spurr (YV) . HB: Spencer, Bill Barnwell (CP), Gimbel. LH: John Chavez (F), Bob Kelley (CP), Ron Bacicalupo (PH). PB: Ed Sparacino (CP) , Spencer, Chavez. R: Mike Dav idson (YV), Gimbel, Rich Clinnick (S). Tu: Spencer, Lutz, Barnwell. WEST BAY QUALIFIERS : Team: Son Mateo (SM), Mills (M), Carl mont (C), Hillsdale (H), Aragon (A), Polo Alto (PA), Son Carlos (SC), Sequoia (S). AA: Mike Cooper (M) Tom Doyle (C), Steve Fletcher (H), FX : Cooper, Fletcher, Doyle. SH: Lorry Frenzel (H), Masayuki Nakihiro (SM) , Mike Steele (S). Tr: Jim Turpin (SM), Don Thomson (H), Tim Early (SM). HB: Doyle, Joe Sweeney (SM), Cooper. LH: Doyle, Fletcher , Turpin. PB: Doyle, Cooper, Pete Shigemoto (A) . R: Shigemoto, Cooper, To m Gordner (M) . Tu: Coo per, Doy le, Fletcher. INDEPENDENT LEAGUE QUALIFIERS : Teams: Encino (E), De Anza (DA), Berkeley (B), Homestead (H), Mission Son Jose (MSJ), Awalt (A). FX: Kent Umbarger (DA), Howard Hardie (B), Dono Alexander (E). SH: Alexander, Duan'e Kellogg (H), Gory Vanderhoef (E) . Tr: Umbarger (DA), Andre DeRidder (B), Lee Stanish (H) . HB: Alexander, Chriss Harrold (E), Clark Johnson (DA) . LH: Umbarger, Tim McWhirk (E), Robbie McClaren (DA) . PB: Hardie, Alexander, Vanderhoef. R: Vanderhoef, Doug Johnson (MSJ), Alexander. TU : Umbarger, Hardie, Jim Butts (H) .


with 69 and Ygnacio Volley of Concord at 55 points. A record 20 schools qual ified athletes for the meet this year. The evening prior to the Championsh ips the All-around meet was held at Mt. Diablo under the direction of Darrel Leckliter. Fifteen top qualifiers from three divisions (see report elsewhere) competed for individual and team honors. Encino 's Gary Vanderhoef and Dono Alexander copped first and second places respectively and sent their team well ahead in the standings with 20 points. Vanderhoef's upset victory over his teammate was one of the big surprises of the meet . With a 9 .2 on rings and on 8 .45 in vaulting, Vanderhoef edged Alexander by a slim 0.3! The Championship meet at Hillsdale sow other outstanding individual performances. Mt. Diablo's Rich Stickney's bock moore t romlet, side tra v els, and kehres in and out were a pleasure to watch . Vanderhoef's "Butterfly" mount (Pull to cross on rings) opened the eyes of ev en the most knowledgeable gymnastics fans . Injured prior to the championship meet, Joe Sweeney, of Son Mateo, come bock strong to win his specialty with his "best ever" high bar routine . Notional Y . M . C. A. Trampoline Champion, Kent Umbarger of De Anza, swept h is specialty and easi ly won the vaulting and tumbling events. Kent also placed second in free exercise and fourth in the all-around, establishing himself as the "most v aluable athlete" in the

meet. Mike Cooper, a senior from Mills, edged Umbarger in free exercise by 0 . 1 despite Umbarger's double twister and "m ile high" arabian dive. With a very well composed routine on parallel bars. Cooper managed to tie Howard Hardie of Berkeley with a score o f 8 .05 . Cooper 's roll to eagles on high bar and double bock in ground tumbling drew applause during the competition . This year's Northern Califor:1; a Invitational established o n e w record for efficiency. It took just two . hours


fi v e



judge, ov erage and tabulate 120 rout路ine (15 competitors in each of 8 events) . Final score sheets were distributed only m oments after the final routine of the evening. All events were run individually with each competitor receiving the judge's undi v ided attention. Officials were supplied by the Northern California Gymnastics Officials Association. They were: Rick Field, Jerry Wright, Hal Frey, John Gilmore, Howard M oorman , Ted Corter, Jock Smith, and Clair Jennett. Team Standings: Encino (E), De Anza (DA), Ygnacio Volley (YV), Berkeley (B), Hillsdale (H), Mills (M), Carl mont (C), Son Mateo (SM ), College Par k (CP), Homestead (Home), Mt . Diablo (MD), Skyline,

Fremont, Mission San Jose, Aragon,

NCI All-Around NORTHERN CALIFORNIA INVITATIONAL GYMNASTICS . CHAMPIONSHIP 20, 1967 Hillsda e High School Son Mateo, California Report by Bob Peavy, Boy Area Gymnastics Coaches Association President The Northern California Invitational Gymnastic Championships, held at Hillsdale High School , Son Mateo, provided some of the finest compet ition in the history of the


event. For the second consecutive year Encino of Sacramento won the the team title. Encino totaled 106.5 team points and dominated the meet by scoring heavily in every event but tumbling. The nearest rivals were De Anza of Richmond


Clayton Volley. AA : Gory Vanderhoef (E), Dono Alexander (E), Howard Hardie (B). FX : Mike Cooper (M), Kent Umbarger (DA), tie between Steve Fletcher (H) and Hardie. SH: Rich Stickney (i AD), Todd Chisum (YV), Vanderhoef. HB: Joe Sweeney (SM) , Alexander, Tom Doy le (C) . LH: Umbarger, Tim McWhink (E), Bob Kelley (CP) . PB: Hardie and Cooper tie, Vanderhoef and Ed Sparac ino (CP) tie. R: Vanderhoef... M ike Davidson (YV) , Al exonder. I r: Umbarger, Andre DeRidder (B), Don Thomson (H). Tu: Umbarger, Jimmy Butts (Home), 路Cooper . WINNING ROUTINES Long Horse: Ken t Umbarger (DA); Yamashita (straight body

ascent) . Horizontal Bar: Joe Sweeney (SM); Reverse grip kip, stiff arm stiff body to rev erse giant, stoll change to rear v ault, kip, hop change to reverse grip giants, pirouette to regular grip giants, blind change to reverse grip giants, barani off dismount . Floor Exercise: Mike Cooper (M) ; Round off, flip flop , full twist ing bock somersault, swedish fall, turn to splits, straight arm straight leg press to handstand, pirouette, flip flop, flip flop , arabian dive, straight leg roll up, simple scissors, front handspring, front somersault, front

head spring, swedish fall , stand and I V2 turn, ro und off, flip flop piked bock. Parallel Bars: Mike Cooper (M) : Cast support, s win g pirouette, stutz, drop peach , "L" seat, stiff arm-stiff leg press to handstand, back somersault, stutz, layaway, front uprise, front somersault off. (piked) Howard Hardie (B): From cross stand between bars, peach basket




support, leg





somersault over bar, stutz, under bar路 cost to upper arms, bock uprise; straddle catch , layaway, front uprise, front somersault off (piked). Trampoline: Kent Umbarger (DA) : Full in bock out fl iffis, double bock, double twister, bock, rudolph, bock, full twister, double twister, bock, 13,4 bock, double body . Rings: Gory Vanderhoef (E): From hong , straight arm pull to cross (butterfly) , ro ll bock, dislocate, shoot to hand stand, bock giant swing, lower to boc k lever position pull to cross, slow bock roll to "L", hollow bock press to handstand , lower down, di slocate , piked fl y away. Side Horse: Rich Stickney (MD): Jump into two up hill circles, up hill tromlet, immediate tromlet down, two circles, loop with % turn , immediate hop turn, two cir-

cles, kehre in, two circles, moore, two circles, bock moore tromlet, 2 circles, three . loops-lost one with V2 twist dismount. Tumbling: Kent Umbarber (DA): Tinsica front, RO, ff , bock with half, step-out, RO, ff , full twister . RO, ff, bock, ff, bock, ff, d o uble twister.


1967 C.I.F. FINALS By John Draghi Baldwin Pork Unifier' Sch601 District Bef ore on overflow crowd of enthusiastic fans, Tom Eads of EI Rancho High School successfully hosted the C.I.F. Firials in all aspects. His fine team, led by Bob Turner and Charlie Hedges knocked Baldwin Pork off its six ye ar reign and gave EI Rancho its first CIF Championship . In winning the champi onship, EI Rancho gathered 38 po ints to runner-up Bal dWin Park's 24. Bob Turner of ER won the high po int honors by taking first s on floor ex, and high bar and seconds on rings and parallel bars, and a fifth in tumbling to earn 18% poin t s for the EI Rancho couse. Runner-up Baldwin Pork won 4 individual champion ships with Ted Teel climbing 3.3 on rope, Craig Lincoln winning long horse, Xavier Rie s winning parallel bars, and Don Stovall winning ring s, thu s continuing BP 's dominance of the rings in CIF for 7 consecutive years. Runner-up posilion was closel y contested among Lakewood, Pasadena, and Baldwin Pork until Stovall won the rings. Youngest chomp of the ev ening wa s Steve Gerlach a sophomor,e

fr<>m Milikan who tied with teammate Gene Catalgo f o r first place in tumbling . Another outstanding gymnast was Gary. Garrett. (Son Gabriel) who Just missed plaCing 111 FX and is only a sophomore. A potential all - around winner was seen in Eddie Hanseth from BP wh o placed in FX. Indicat ing that he w ill be shoo ting for the Free Ex a wa rd nex t y ear was Ha islip of Lakewood . Abe; o n of Muir was al so outstanding in the vault and tumbling . Pasadena proved its reputation for outstanding high bar by placing 1 and 3 in that ~ vent . CIF Comm iss ioner, Mr. Kenneth Fagans awarded the team trophies. Team Standings: EI Rancho, (ER) 37% Baldwin Park (BP) 24, Pasadena ' (P) 17, Lakewood (L) 13, Milikan (Mi) 9% , Muir (Mu) 6, Wilson (W) 4%, Jordon (J) 4, Corona Del Mar 3% , Westminster V2, Montebello %. High Point: Bob Turner (ER) 18% . FX: Turner, Martin (P), Haislip (L) . SH: Perez (ER), Siebum (ER), Uyeda (J). HB: Tie between Turner (ER) and Barnett (P). LH: Linco ln (BP), Abe;on (Mu), Syracopoulas (L) . PB : Ries (BP), Turner, Albitz (LO. R: Stovoll (BP), Turner, Hedges (ER) . Tu: Tie between Catalgo (Mi) and Gerlach (MI), Martin (P) . Rope: Teel (BP) 3 .3, Gonzales 3.5, tie between Muzila (L) and Jenning (W). Highlights of winning routines: Rope : Ted Teel (Sr, BP , coach : J. Draghi) 8 strides, 3 .3 sec. Tumbling : Gene Catalgo (Sr) and Steve Gerlach (Soph) (both from Milikan, coach: Fred Bellmar). Both perfo rm full thru to full ; Catalgo does 3 sets. Catalg o's front trip consisted of alternate front pikes and the third run concluded with tin sica-tignas to high arabian front . Long Horse: Craig Linco ln (Sr, BP coach: J. Draghi ). Used a handspr'ing and a very high fl yi ng front over which he stuck. Scored in the 9's. High Bar: Bob Turner (Sr, ER , coach: Tom Eads) and .. R. Barnett (Sr, P, coach: Gene Peterson) . Bob's rout ine included a high controlled vault and a strong german giant, fini shing with a barani . Barnett displayed a hop into and out of eagles to high full twisting dismount. Floor Exercise : Turner. Very high tumbling, routine highlighted by a one-arm handstand and planche. Side Horse: Lorr y Perez (Jr, ER, coach: Tom Eads) . Showing tremendous con tro l and concentration, Perez won with a routine which included difficult one-p ommel work, effortless trave ls, h ops, and loops. Parallel Bars : X av ier Ries (Jr. BP, coa ch : Draghi) . Ries' routine was sm ooth and free-swinging and included bock to stutz, peach layawa y, high straddle cut t o L, and a bock catch bock for a dismount. Rings : Don Stovall (Jr , BP , coach: Draghi). Don hit his c ontrolled shoot to handstand, high reverse giant handstand, held his cross, and finished with a full twist dismount.

Southern Calif. rnia CF :h mpio .,s!,jp Team f>~m EI Rancho H.S.

1967 LOS ANGELES CITY GYMNASTICS CHAMPIONSHIPS By Dick Criley The 1967 L .A. City Championships Were hosted by Cal State LA June 9 . A crowd of about 2500 viewed the meet which was attended by more than half-a-dozen out-of-town college coaches, including two from the East coast. A close battle (27-26) for the team championship saw Reseda emerge the victor and South Gate the runner-up. Defending champions, Venice High, failed to place in any event. South Gate's Tim Puzztai. a junior, won both HB and PB and took a second on SH to earn the individual high point total award. Phil Eliades of Reseda, defending HB champion could only manage a third on that event, but a tie for first on LH and a tie f or second on PB assured him the runner-up position. On the whole , the routines turned in showed the practice of the ir performers who were judged every bit as critically as college competitors by top col lege judges. Turning to indiv idual events, a few comments may be offered: Long Horse: A fibreglass board wa" u;ed. Since the must popular vault was the pike handspring, a tremendous spring was gained from the board, but, as a resul t, the vault was often over-whipped. Floor Exercise: Excellent orig inal ity was shown by Bautista and Pivnick-including a swedish fall to back walkov er (done by pivoting

on the supporting ' Ieg and rotating about the long axis of the body) and an arabian-half out by the former and a back walkover off the knees and a move resembling a back cockroach by the latter. Other interesting moves included a pike forward dive walkout (Sulc), arabian to handstand-bic throughIto (Caling) , and jackknife to chest. Full twisting backs were used as dismounts by a couple competitors. Side Horse : A goodl y number of completions marked this event .

Bronner's work was outstanding except for low scissors. Also noted: Doug McGirr who displayed a wa lkaround as well as a Russian . Horizontal Bar: Puzzta i's double germans, a double hip circle to flange out by Glass, and five doubles, one of them in layout position (Farcello) were moves o f note for high school competition. Parallel Bars: A couple front over-bars with varying de9rees of success, a fine one orm ' gut" lever I Chuck Ball's planche, and Leonard Caling's stitz hand and back over were deserv ing of mention . Still Rings : Mostly strength moves were displayed with little good swinging work. Thus we note Hale's maltese and other strength m oves, Chirco's scale-up, and the double flyaway dismount used by Wilson .. Tum bling: As usual, it was who could stay on the mat rather than what was be ing thrown which counted . Farcello threw a double back and worked out into a couple flip flops and a full. Team Standings: Res e d a (R), South Gate (SG), Garfield (G), Fair-

fax (F), Fremont (Fr), Los 路Angeles (LA), Grant (Gr), Wilson (W), N orth Hollywood (NH), Dorsey (D), Cleveland (C), Van Nuys (VN), Granada Hills (GH), Birmingham (B), Palisades (P) . High Point Man: Tim Puzztai (SG), Phil Eliades (R), Rich Su lc (F) . FX : Robert Bautista (W), Dave Pivnick (F) , K. Cole (LA) . SH : Ken Bronner (D), Puzztai, Doug McGirr (T) . HB: Puzztai, Leona rd Ca ling (G). Phil Eliades (R) . PB: Puzztai, triodes and Cole . R: George Engbrecht (NH), Raleigh Wilson (R) and W. Hale (Fr) . LH: Eliades and David Munoz (G) , Sulc. Tu: Sulc, Hank Monzello (Gr), Pat Mahoney (C). Rope : Tie among Eugene Bailey (SG), Mitch Brown (T), J. H ill (Fr), 3.6 sec. WINNING ROUTINES Floor Exercise: Bautista, Handspring front , handspring ; swed ish fall, to back walkover (Bautista) ; roundoff, back handspring, full; turn, straight body fall , splits; stiff press, handstand pirouette; chest rock up; two back handsprings, arabian; head nip to seat, va ldez; chest rock up; roundoff, back handspring, arabian front , handspring; side straddle stand; roundoff back handspring, back som ie. Side Horse : Bronner . Jump to doubles on end, stockli in, . two front scissors, russian, stock li out, direct tromlet in, balie out, ba i lie

in, tromlet down to end, russ ian on end, alympic off. High Bar: Puzztai . Back kip, double german giants, turn out I straight body kip , hop flange , onehalf twist, immediate back stalder ,

hop reach under, vault, kip, two

giants, pike arch flyaway. Parallel Bars: Puzztai. Under bar lay back, front rise handstand, back aver bar handstand , stitz handstand, stitz giant glide, lay back front r ise, handstand , stitz lay back, front rise, off. Long Horse: EI iades and Munoz. Pike handspring. Still Rings: Engbrecht. Flange handstand, r ing giant, front lever, cross, flange L, hollowback handstand, lower down to olympic , snap

down uprise, dislocate, ring giant, straddle. Tumbling : Su le. RO, ff, full , ff, ff, full. Front som ie step out, front handspring, front 路 step out, front handspring, front somie. Front

somie step


RO, ft,


front walkout, RO, ff, full. LOS

ANGELES ALL-CITY GIRLS GYMNASTIC MEET April 15, 1967 East Los Angeles State College Submitted by Bonnie Brasher FX: Terry Scellato (Taft), tie between Hattie Simmons (Granada Hills) and Jeannine Bize (No. Holly wood). B: Debie Hall (Verd" 90), Carol Treveno (Ven ice). Sandy Kanutson (Venice) . SHY: Sandy Horibe (Ven), La Verne Berryhill (Roosevelt), Diana Dillard (Ven) . UPB : Bonnie Brasher (Ven), Chros Ferros (Ven), Vickie Nakayama (Roosevelt). Tu: Marty Steelman (University), Mary Chapman (Taft), Seel lato . Venice High School took the Team Title.


. ft "




" ~\1JW

Pictured here are photos from the July edition of SCHWEIZER TURNEN (Swiss Gymnastics) sent to us by our Swiss Editor Kurt Baechler. This Special edition of the ST magazine featured the Swiss Turnfest held in Bern during the month of Ju'ne , It contained over 60 pages with 8 of them in full color plus a 40 page supplement just listing the results of the many' competitions held during the Turnfest. On these pages we are able to show you but a few photos from the individual competition and the synchronized team apparatus work, Other photos in the July ST showed thousands of gymnasts doing mass cal isthenics, youth competitions, girls competition and modern gymnastic demonstrations and general Turnfest scenes, A thrilling edition to behold, our sincerest congratulations to ' the photographers, editors and the publishers


intermediate horizontal bar routine and was u's ed as a reliability check on the judges scores. Several precautions were taken to camouflage the duplicated routine so that the judges would have to re-calcul ate their scores. The administration of the test film was standardized. In order to compare the validity of the judgin g group and individual scores, it was necessary to obtain an objective means of comparison (absolute scores) . Since these two judgin g methods differed somewhat in their interpretations of the F.I.G. rules, it would have been difficult to arrive at a single absolute score. Consequently, two absolute scores were given-one for each judging method for each of the 23 routin es. In the process of determining absolute routine scores, two independent ratings were made in each of the judging areas for each judging method. These absolute scor es were determined with the aid of a movi e editor and the criterion for each judging method. The judging areas were analyzed several times by each person determinin g the absolute score and all but one of the 6 obj ectivity coeffi cients were greater than .940. In the few cases where score discrepan cies .existed (no greater than .3) between analyzers, an average was taken so that one absolute score could be obtained. Product-moment correlations were used to determine the degree of r elationship on various measures and analysis of variance together with the Duncan Multiple Range

(either difficulty, execution or composition) rather than all three areas. Purpose The general purpose of this study was to test the null hypothesis that the F.I.G. judging method and the Bauer Variation would not differ significantly (p .05 ) in the items tested. Specifically, this study so ught to determine (1) the relationship of judging group scores to one another as well as to their respective absolute scores, and (2) judging group and individual judges' variances from their respective absolute scores. Method In order to compare these two judging methods three judging groups (each composed of four judges) representing the F.I.G. System of judging and three judging groups representing the Bauer Variation were used. The F.I.G. judges were obtained from the Northern California Gymnastics Officials Association and the Bauer Variation judges used in this' study were approved Bauer Variati on judges chosen to judge the 1965 Big Ten Gymnastic Championships. From approximately fifty filmed routin es, 24 were selected for the test film (four routines for each of the six olympic 'gymnastic events). Three skill levels (beginning, intermediate and advanced) were used so that the two judging methods could be tested in scoring a wide range of gymnastic skill. The film contained 23 different routines. The 24th routine was a duplicate of the

S. Bosco, PHD.


This is the seventh in a series 0/ random topicS! dealing with Research in gymnastics. In this series, no attempt is made to categorize articles. Another series 0/ cinematographical analysis 0/ gymnastics moves is being planned lor sometime next winter. S end all articles, comments, ques~ions and suggestion to the above address. Landers, Daniel M., "A Comparison of Two Gymna s ti c Jud g in g M e tho ds, " Urbana : M.S. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1965. Pp. 102. Available on micJ Jcard, University 0 f )regon, Eugene, Oregon. Introduction In 1962 Geor ge V. Bauer, gymnastic coach a t the Univer sity of Wi ~co n s in , initiated a new variation of the F.I.G. System. He called this new variation "The Big Ten Judging Rules for Men". This variation ( Bauer Varia tion) was used in the Midwest area in the 1%4 and 1965 gymnasti c sea· sons. The Bauer Variation's major deviation from the F.I.G. System was that one judge was responsible for one one judging area


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Test was used to test for significant devi· ations from the absolute scores. R esults and Conclusions Although the absolute scores of each judging method has a high relationship (.978) to each others, it was generally ob· served that in some of the judgin g areas the absolute scores differed considerably. The Bauer Variation absolute diffi culty scores (20 out of 24 routines). However, the majority (16) of the F.I.G. absolute exe· cution scores were above the Bauer Vari· ation absolute scores. Since composition remained primarily the same for both judg· in g methods, the scores for th e areas of difficulty and execution had the general effect of equalizing one another for the total scores-thus the better relationship of th e total scores. It was found that the F.I.G. absolute scores were generally slightly lower (15 out of 24) than the Bauer Variation abso· lute scores. However, it was also found that the F.I.G. gave slightly hi gher scores in five out of seven of the routines which had received absolute scores in the "eights'. Since th ese routines in the "eights" had all of the required difficulty parts, th e diffi· culty score was the same for both judging methods. Therefore, th e equalizin g factor of lower difficulty scores was not effective, and the F.I.G. judges continued to give higher execution scores than the Bauer Variation judges, thus giving slightly higher total scor es for the routines in the "eights" than the Bauer Variation method. The following conclusions were drawn from the analysis of the data: 1. The null hypothesis was substantiated since neither of th e judging methods dif· fered significantly from one another. 2. Althou gh the absolute scores were cl osely related to one another, in routines scored in the "eights" there was a tendency for the F.I.G. absolute scores to be sli ghtly higher than the Bauer Variation absolute scores. 3. Although the reliability coeffi cients of both judging methods were sign ifi cant (p .. 05), the reliability coefficient of the Bauer Variation judges (.853) was con· siderably better than that of the F .I.G. judges (.610). 4. The t h r e e Bauer Variation judgin g groups, when considered together, devi· ated less from their absolute scores, but demonstrated greater variability between their judgin g groups' scores and routines, than did the F.I.G. judging groups' scores and routines. 5. All of the judging groups in both judging methods had high validity with their abo solute scores and routines (r .906). 6. In nearly every case better relationships to the absolute scores .and rahkings were obtained with the F.I.G. gross scores (average of all four scores) than with the F.I.G. net scores (average of the two middle scores), except that greater vari· ability existed between the F.I.G. gross judgin g groups than the F.I.G. net judg· in g groups. *7. There were considerable differences be· tween these two judging methods in their ointerpretations of the F .I.G. rules (Nis. son version) . ·Note: The differing rule interpretation s between methods was so ex tensive that it could not be presented here. A chapter of the thesis was devoted to a discussion of these differences in rule interpretations for the areas of difficulty, composition and execution and the difficulty and composi· tion differences for each event. These differ· ences in rule interpretations were used to account for many of the above statistical findin gs.

WHERE'S YOUR CENTER OF GRAVITY? By Lloyd Lingemann, Jr. One evening durin g a workout, upon being told that I was executin g standing back somersaults properly- with the turn at shoulder height or better; I began to wonder how it was possible sin ce I couldn't raise my center of gravity that high in a jump from a stand. The an swer was obvious: the center of gravity, around which one rotates in the air, changes in a tuck position. If the tuck is assumed while the trunk is nearly verti· cal the center of gravity will be raised a

foot or more. This can be seen in the ac· companying illustration. It is also evident that if the body is in· clined so far backward on the take off that the tuck is assumed with the trunk hori· zontal, or nearly so, the travel backward will be increased as the center of gravity changes. Observation and analysis of changes in the center of gravity make it possible for a gymnast to similarly determine the de· sired positions and timin g on other move· ments req uiring a tuck or pike. (Drawings



__..... -



A PLANCHE A DAY KEEPS . . . ? by Andrew Kadar, UCLA Gymnast Though it contains no Vitamin C, a planche is food for you. One a day should prevent muscular atrophy when you skimp on work·outs. When you don't skimp on work·outs, your planche will increase the difficulty and impressiveness of your floor exercise, parallel bars and rings routines. Strength in the planche position also facili· tates learning a variety of other moves. If you have a stronge planche, you can per· form slow motion or stop·action moores and layout loops on side horse. (Stopping in a layout loop and holding a planche over the side horse should definitely be of 'C' diffi· culty. ) At any rate, if you want to hold a planche on the beach, in an airplane, above a manhole, atop Mount Whitney or just at a Friday night dance, heed the followin g words of advice. Rule #1: Never practice a planche for more than two or three minutes twice a day. Rule #2 : Mechanics. Start out in a straight arm fro g stand. Keepin g your knees


bent, begin straightening at the waist. Straighten your waist as far as possible and hold. Each day, you should straighten your waist more and more until you are holding a planchett (a planche with bent knees). Once you can hold a solid planchett, only a minimal amount of energy will be needed to straighten your knees and legs. (Remember if you can hold a thirty·four second planchett you can hold a thirty second planche.) Rule #3: Persevere. Do not expect a planche right away. Practice very short periods but keep it up- EVERY DAY! Hint #1: Absolutely do not straighten your legs until you have a planchett. Re· sist the tendency to kick your legs out into a straight position as you straighten at the waist. Hint #2: It is much easier to hold a planche on a soft surface than on a hard one. Practice sometimes on soft mats or at a beach. FINAL Hint: If you wish to whistle or sin g in your planche, choose an appropri· ate tune. Lyrical songs are generally the best. 21


by Dr. Bill Vincent Gymnastics Coach San Valley State College Note: This is the second in a series of arti· cles designed to help teachers in the secondary schools organize their gymnastics curriculum to include simple routines rather than unrelated skills. For the secondary school physical educ·a· tion teacher, the side horse is probably the least understood piece of apparatus in the gym. Most teacher training institutions in· clude side horse vaulting in their gym· nastics programs, but few teach support positions and moves. Vaulting is most beneficial and should be included in the secondary program; however, because most teachers are fairly competent in this area, and weak in the support type moves, this article will concentrate on the latter. Maintaining one's body in a support position, on the horse requires considerable upper body strength and most secondary school students, especially in junior high, are relatively weak in this area. Gymnastics in general, and beginning side horse in par· ticular, is one of the few physical education activities that emphasizes upper body devel· opment. For this reason alone, support moves on the side horse are valuable ex· periences to the student. Instruction on the side horse should begin with the three basic support positions, front (the front of the body is against the horse), rear (the rear of the body is against the horse,) and straddle, (the body is supported directly over the horse with one leg on either side). In addition to the nomenclature on positions, students should understand the terms used to describe movement on the horse. The term "cut", as in "single leg cut", refers to a movement of one or both legs from one side of the horse to the other. This requires a lifting of one hand and a lean onto the other hand so that the legs may pass under the lifted hand. The


cut may be executed in either a clockwise or counterclockwise direction. Notice that a single leg cut from a front support posi· tion results in a straddle, or scissor support position. The second movement term with which they should be familiar is the word "circle". Circles refer to a movement of one or both legs from one side of the horse to the other and return in one continuous motion. This requires the alternate lifting of one hand and then the other with the resultant lean on the support hand so that the leg or legs may make their circle. Like the cut, this move may be performer either clockwise or counterclockwise. Finally, the student should understand that the horse is divided into three parts, the neck, the saddle, and the croup. As· suming that a person always mounts from the horse's left side, the neck is always on the performer's left, the croup on his right, and the saddle in the middle. During the process of a routine, these parts remain in the same position; however, a second performer may mount from the other side of the horse, and for him the neck is at the other end. In other words, the neck is always designated as being on the performer's ldt as he mounts. With these terms in mind, the student should learn the following skills: A. Alternate leg cuts: From a front support in the saddle, cut the left leg CW (clockwise) under the left hand , then the right leg CCW (counterclockwise) under the right hand. The performer is now in a rear support position. Next, cut the left left CCW under the left hand and the right leg CW under the right hand to return to the front support position. The legs should alternate in their action, and the total movement should be continuous and similar to the tick-tack action of a clock pendulum. Remember that when one hand lifts up to allow a leg cut, the weight must be shifted to the other hand to counter balance the body. Thus, alternate leg cuts require alternate but opposite weight shifts from arm to arm.

These alternate cuts may be performed in the saddle, on the neck, or on the croup. B. Single leg circle: From a front support position, the performer circles the left leg CW first under the left hand to a scissor position, and immediately under the right hand to return to the front support position. Like the alternate leg cuts, the movement should be continuous, but there is no tick·-tock action be· cause the other leg remains static. This skill may be performed in anyone of four ways, the left leg CW and CCW, or the right leg CW or CCW. It may also be performed on the neck, saddle, or croup. Once again, the weight must shift alternately to the support hand. C. Double leg cut: This skill is performed like the leg circle except both legs are moved simultaneously, and only half way around. From a front support position, lean on the right hand , and cut both legs und er the left hand to a rear sup· port. This is more difficult than the single leg cut because the additional weight of both legs requires more lean on the support hand. Of course, it may be perfcrrmed in either direction, and may also be used as a dismount with the performer landing in a side stand rear· ways. The student may want to "feint" around the right pommel or swing both legs back and forth to gain sufficient momentum to cut the legs over the pommel. Note that if the legs are con· tinued around and under the right hand in the same direction, the skill becomes a double leg circle. Once again continuing with our philo· sophy that gymnastics should not consist of isolated moves, let us take a look at a simple routine that may be constructed using only the three skills mentioned above. 1. From a side stand frontways at the neck, place the left hand on the neck, and the right hand on the left pommel. 2. Jump to front support, and circle right leg CW under left hand and right hand

(return to front support). 3. Cut left leg und er left hand CWo 4. Swing r ight leg over saddle CCW, but do not release right hand from pommel (performer is now in a straddle position on the left pommel). 5. Cut left leg CCW und er left hand and move left hand from neck to left pom· mel (both hands are now on left pom· mel with right hand in und er grip and left hand in over grip , and the body is in a cross position on horse). 6. Cut right leg CW over ri ght pommel and move right hand to pommel (per· former is now in a front support in the saddle) . 7. Cut left leg CW under left hand. 8. Swing right leg CCW over croup, but do not r elease right grip on pomm el (performer is now straddlin g right pommel). 9. Cut left leg CCW und er left hand and

move left hand to right pommel (both hands are now on th e right pomm el with the right hand in an under grip and left hand in an over grip; the body is in a cross position on the horse). 10. Cut right leg CW over croup and move right hand to croup (performer is now in a front support on the croup ) . 11. Cut both legs CW under left hand while leanin g hard on the right hand and push off to a side stand rearways at the croup (perform er may elect to execute a 14 turn CW and push off to a cross stand right at the cro up). This routine sounds most diffi cult when reading it, but upon consideration of the skill s, one recognizes that it is only a com· bination of the simple moves described earlier in this article. Probably one of the most difficult tasks is remembering what move to make next. To compensate for this problem, it is suggested that a description

of the routine be reproduced for the class so that squad leaders can assist their squads by readin g the moves to the performer as he goes through the various skills. Notice that moves #3 through 10 are variations on the alternate leg cuts and result in the performer travelin g from the neck to the croup. Such a combination of moves is usually called " alternate leg cut travel". This routine, like the on e that appeared in June·July MG is suggested for the secondary school student. As it stands, it is rather simple, but could be made more sim· pIe by eliminatin g the double leg cut as the dismount and the single leg circle as the mount. This would leave only the alternate leg cut travel. It could be made more difficult by inserting front scissors between moves # 6 and 7. T eachers are encouraged to modify it to fit the needs of their particular situation. Watch this column for future articles on other events.


BACKW ARD STRADDLE (from support ) DISMOUNT 1-4. Obtain controlled swing in support pOSItIOn. Swing forward, lean backward with shoulders and" flex hips as body rotates backward. Straddle legs around wrists and . . . 5-7. raise head and shoulders upward as quickly as possible in order to continue rotation. Release rings when body is parallel with floor, if swing permits. Extend arms sideward and join legs before landing.

Note: The exact location of the rings in relation to the pos ition of the body could nat a lways be drawn w ith complete accuracy because of limited space .

BACKWARD STRADDLE % TWIST (from support) 1-4. Obtain controlled swing in support position. As legs swing forward , lean backward with shoulders (head held forward-). Flex hips and straddle legs as body quickly falls below the rings in a circular pattern. 5-7. Raise head and chest forcefully as legs contact lower arms. Continue to hold rings until upward motion of chest is almost at the peak of the lift. Quickly release both rings; turn head and shoulders, forcefully, in the direction of the twist; join legs and land facing in opposite direction.


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ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Benny Bishop reo ceived his B.A . in ED. from Arizona State University in 1965 where he was also a member of the Varsity Gymnastic team for four years. He is now Gymnastic Coach at Prescott High School in Prescott, Arizona. The rearward somersault on the parallel bars is of "B" difficulty and when done correctly is a very essential part of a good routine. To have an exceptional routine on the parallel bars, most gymnasts feel !hat the rearward somersault must be included in order to receive a higher score. Once the gymnast has developed enou gh strength in the shoulders and arms and has a secure handstand along with a free swing in sup· port position he is ready to learn the rearward somersault. Starting from a handstand position with a slight pike, allow the body to drop down· ward under its own momentum, ·(IIIustra· tion "I") keeping ' the hips straight and not allowing the legs to whip forward. As the body starts its downward swing move the shoulders forward slightly to compensate for the down and backward pull on the body. (Illustration "2") When you reach the bottom of your swing the bars will begin to compress down and there will be a lot of force on the shoulders at this point. (Illustration "3") At this point the arms must be kept straight. As you start the swing up pike a little more at the hips, keeping the arms straight, and watch the toes until they are at shoulder height. As this position the head is thrown back and the body is in an arched position. Now start pushing the shoulders forward even harder to compensate for the backward pull. Hold on to the bars as long as you can and wait for your momentum to pull your hands free from the bars. As soon as the hands release, swing them around im· mediately after the regrasp is made (llIus· tration "4") . Immediately after the regrasp is made (Illustration "5") straighten both arms and lean slightly forward . (Illustration "6" at the shoulders to control the force of the down swing. Some common faults 'a re; 1. Le,ming back with the shoulders prior to release of the hands. 2. Bending the arms just before releas· ing. 3. Letting go of the bar& too soon, re· sulting in a low flight. 4. Not keeping the arms ' straight after the regrasp. (Illustration "6")

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By Jess Robinson We're sorry to have missed so many issues of the Modern Gymnast without presenting a trampolining article. We hope to correct our procrastination by soliciting brief, but well-written, articles from trampolinists and trampoline coaches. Our leadoff man is Steve Lerner, a trampolinist for UCLA and well-known to those of you who have followed our trampoline records. Send your articles and illustrations to Jess Robinson, 247 We~t Sixth St., San Pedro, California 90731. FLIFFISSES Bv Steve Lerner Basically there are two types of fliffisses: (hose in which the twist is performed on the first flip and those that have the twist in the second flip. On the ones twisting out of the second flip, discussion will be limited to multiples of fulls going backward and to %, 1%, 2%, etc., going forward. The extra % twist in either case (e.g. backback with lh or back-back with 1% going backwards or front-front with full and frontfront with double going forward) is mechanically the same stunt and of little practical value for trampoline routines. TWISTING OUT Because the bar any out is generally the first fliffis learned, twisting out moves will be treated first. Twisting out has an advantage in that the problems of straight take-off and the right bounce are made easier when the first flip is not complicated by any twisting action. The prerequisites for the barany fliffis are a solid double front and barany ballout. The reason for the double is apparent but perhaps not so for the barany ballout. The main problem in twisting out going forward is that of starting the twist prematurely. By learning to twist out of a baIlout one can approximate the same sensation that will be encountered in twisting out of the first flip of a double somers1\ult. The reason is that one is forced to hestitate because of the extra 1,{ somersault in the beginning of the baIlout before the twist can be properly initiated. Once the twisting ballout has been mastered the fliffis counterpart should cause little difficulty. For example, to perform a barany out; one starts a double front and watches the mat come around on the second flip. The performer then "thinks bar any baIlout", breaks out of the tuck, and throws the barany. The same situation exists whether the trick be a barany out, rudolph out or randolph out. Again, one sees the mat, "thinks ballout" and cuts for the particular twist. Because many performers do their multiple backward somersaults "blind". That is, they do not spot the mat as it goes by the second time. Their kick-out for the twist is primarily one of muscle memory. Spotting the bed visually in this case is not necessary, however, and the following discussion is relevant.

For twisting out going backwards the problem is similar to that of twisting .out forward, but this time the lead-up stunt IS a twisting cody. For a back-back with full (or hack-back with double, etc.), one starts a double bl:lck, spots the mat between the somersaults, "thinks cody", and wraps up the twist. For those who do 路 not rely on spotting the mat between the, the same techl\ique is used but the tImIng for the kick-out is determined solely by "feel". At this point, a word about spotting the bed is pertinent. When doing double forward flips the eyes pick up the bed later than on backward doubles; i.e., when one is rotating forward the eyes see the bed at the beginning of the second flip, but when one is going backward, the eyes see the bed at the end of the first flip. This time lag, however trivial it may seem to be, is sufficient to confus'e the performer and to cause him to start to twist too early on the backward fliffis. TWISTING IN Twisting into double~ both forward and backward makes relevant a dicussion of all half twist additions, e.g., back with %, full ," 1%, etc., barany, front with full, rudolph, etc., because the first somersault may be rombined with an "out twister" to give in and out combinations (e.g., back with 112barany) . When the stunt leads to a forward headunder at the start of the second of the second somersault, the trick becomes relatively simple. In ducking under forward the performer need only get to the back of his neck to make the trick safely, whereas on a backward head-under, care must be taken to make sure that the performer has enough time to get his entire body under. Contrary to the case of twisting out, there are no lead-up stunts that adequately simulate this type of fliffis. The easiest fliffis of this sort is the back with 112-% front. This trick will get the performer used to initiating some twist and then doing a headunder. There is little chance of not finishing the twist and thus ducking too soon. For a barany in fliffis, the same procedure applies: rotate a semi-fast barany, see the mat and then pull the back flip. On tricks where there is more than a % twist the performer must force himself to wait until the twist is completed before ducking (although t his problem usually does not become critical until the amount of twist in the first somersault reaches a Fh or double twist). IN AND OUTS Little can be said here except that no new sensations of flipping or twisting will be encountered. However, the performer must be more alert since both somersaults have some twist in them. It is a good idea to have more than "just enough" height and spin when learning the trick so that one can completely separate the two somersaults rather than have the first flip and twist terminate at the precise moment when the second flip and twist start. This will reduce the tendency for the performer to duck or twist prematurely on the second flip. As proficiency is gained, the time lag between the flips is shortened so that the flip and twist of the first part lead into the second. CONCLUSION For those who have an excess of ambition the above rules may be applied to triple somersaults as well. The advantage (?) therein is that the performer has an extra somersault to play with, thus giving his a greater selection of stunts.

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NOTES FROM A NEUROTIC JUDGE by Roy Davis (Note: This is the fi/th in a series of arti· cles recommending changes in the "FIG Illustrations" . Th e views represented are solely those of the author who has a dim but stubborn faith in public criticism and dis cussion-critically important features sel· dom observed exce pt in private conferences and esoteric conven tions on the A merican gymnastics scene.J "LONG HORSE LO NG SHOT" The foll owin g recommend ati ons may seem a bit radical, but controversy is always stimulatin g. My suggestions are based on my opinion about the inequality of lon g horse when compared to the other gymnas· tics events. Vaulting requires less tim e, less risk, less effort, and less honest·to·goodness skill than the other events. It is entertain· ing, and I thoroughly like to watch good va ulters, but I believe it has exaggerated importance in the all around event. "VAULTING: COMBI NATION?" For one thin g, and it's r ather surprisin g that nobody has noti ced this, long horse has no combination potenti al whatsoever. A giant cartwheel cannot by any device pre· sently available fl ow smoothly from or into any other vault or acceptable maneuver. The vaulter has no requirements to meet except to get over the horse in . some acceptable manner. On that basis alone, the vaulter should not be awarded points for movements he is not required to perform. The value of the Combination element should be deducted from ' all vaults leavin g the maximum score at 8.4 points. "VAULTING : DIFFICULTY . . . " The FIG altered some vault ratings three years ago, but didn ' t alter enough, especi· ally in . the lower value vaults. My sugges· tions in this area are subj ect to discussion , but I am attempting to equate skill develop· ment with score. A 6.0 on side horse should be roughly equivalent to a 6.0 on parallel bars which should be roughly equivalent to ·a 6.0 on lon g horse as well. It is presently commonplace for a begin· nin g gymnast to score 3.5 or 4.0 on parallel bars after several months' effor t. In the same meet he may scor e 5.0 to 6.0 on lon g While I admit to individual differ· ences in learning and greatly respect the different skills required for each event, I believe that because lon g horse progress is unequal in effort, it is therefore unequal in score. The scorin g system should equate the two . That is why I suggest some changes in difficulty alon g with the 1.6 combination deduction. "VAULTING: EXECUTION AND . . ." For the most part, the execution deduc· tions on long horse are r eali stic. However, one of the last and most elegant skills dividing a good vaulter from an excellent vaulter, is the post·flight arch or body ex· tension- an especially difficult execution item on all forward somersaultin g vaults. That single skill is the paramount feature of elegance in vaulting. Sin ce it is such a big divider in practi ce, it should also be a big divider in score. ,),C.

The FIG sh ould expand the deduction to 1.0 instead of the present maximum of 0.5 for lack of extension aft er the " push off". "A SHOT I N THE ARM" At present, most judges will readily admit that judging vaultin g is an educated guess. It is my hope to remove most of the guess· work with more realistic vault ratings and penalties. The judge should be able to " compute" the vaulter's score from execu· tion errors instead of presently estimatin g on the basis of experience only. I truly feel that these changes will be a step in the ri ght direction. " READ AND WEEP : THE RECOMMENDED CHANGES:" (Note: All vaults should be reduced by 1.6 as outlined in the Combination para· graph above. Reductions greater than that amount also involve recommended difficulty adjustments. The arithm etic is beneath the present FIG score as listed in the lIlustra· tions.) THE LONG HORSE VAULT Form and Technical Execution of Vaults I. Vaults with hands placed on the neck

6. Jump with % turn left or right during flight to sideways handstand, hands being placed successi vel y or simultaneous ly, front hand on neck, and turn sideward in free flight to stand sideways: 9.80 pt •. - 1.6 Comb. - .3 Diff. 7.9

f~~~~Il 7. Jump, body stretched above the horizontal, then bend the body in order to pass the stretched and joined legs above the neck, with V2 turn to left or right and e xtend the body before descend ing to a stand frontways: 10.00 pt •. - 1.6 Comb. - . 2 DiU.

fA11!tt £;W~~~

1. Jump, body stretched above horizontal, straddl ing legs sideward, t o stand rearways : 7.50 pts. - 1.6 Comb. - .5 DiU.

2. JumQ, body stretch above hori zonta l, and pass legs, bent and joined, between arms, straighten bod y before descending , to stand rear wa ys: 8.00 pt •. -1.6 Comb. - . 5 DiU.

3 . Jump to cross handstand , supported on right arm 1/4 turn right, plac ing left hand on neck, and turn side ward , in free flight t o left side stand or co ntrariwi se: 9.00 pt •. - 1.6 Comb. - .0 DiU.

8 . Jump to a momentary handstand and turn forward in free fl ight to stand rearways (Handspring): 10:00 pt •. -1.6 Comb. - .0 DiU.

9. Jump, body stretched above the horizontal, legs joined and stretched, and "swan spring to stand rearways: 10,00 pts. - 1.6 Comb. - .2 DiU. II

10. Jump body stretched above the horizontal, legs joined and stretched and "swan" spring forward with V2 turn to stand frontways: 10.00 pts. - 1;6 COr."lb. - .0 DiU.

8.4 II. Vaults with hands placed on the croup.

4 . Jump, body stretched above the ho rizontal , then bend the body in order t o pass the stretched and joined legs above the neck, e xtend the body before descending , to stand rcarwa ys: 9.50 pts. -1.6 Comb. - .5 DiU.

11. Jump , body stretched, legs stretched and straddled sideways to stand rearways: 7.50 pts. - 1.6 Comb. - .5 Diff.


ff)ftffl~ 5 . Jump, body stretched above the horizontal , and cross the legs with Y2 turn, to a stand: 9.80 pt • . - 1.6 Comb. - . 0 DiU. 8,2

12. Jump, legs joined and bent, stretch body and legs before descending to stand rear· ways: 8 :00 pts. -1.6 Comb. - .5 Diff. 5.9

lIQUIJ:tITION ... 13. Jump, crossing the legs with stand frontways, legs joined:


turn to 9.00 ph. -1.6 Comb.





by Bobby Lane Head Trainer, Arlington State College, Texas Reprinted with permission from the Texas Coach 14. Jump, legs bent at start then stretched forward during the flight, straighten the body before the descent to stand rearways: 9.00 pt •. - 1.6 Comb. -.S


15. Jump, body bent, legs stretched, straighten the body before the descent to stand rearways: 10.00 pt •. -1.6 Comb. - .S Diff.

16. Jump to momentary handstand and turn forward in free flight to stand rearways (Handspring): 10.00 pt •.

~r11' =~ j'7.'

17. Jump to momentary inverted support, body bent, legs stretched, and turn forward in free flight, and stretch the body before descending, to stand rearways (Yamashita): 10.00 pt •. -1.6 Comb. -



18. Jump, body stretched, legs stretched and joined to stand rearways ("Swan" jump): 10.00 pt•. -1.6 Comb. -.0


19. Jump, body stretcned, legs stretched and joined with Y2 turn to left or right, to stand front ways ("Swan" jump with V2 10.00 pt •. turn): -1.6 Comb. -.0



(Next article: "Formidable but Conquer· able: Side Horse")

. The field of liquid nutrition for use in athletics is comparitively new. As a result, the use of liquid nutrition has yet to gain its proper place in the planning of our athletic programs. In examining this field of nutrition, I think it wise thal we start with how and why these meals in a can came into being. As is the case in most commercial products, some wise producer saw a need for some type of liquid nutrition. At first there were the low calorie, vitamin-rich products which could best be used in weight reduction programs. These products allowed people to have something which was filling, low in calories, and yet highly nutritious. It was found also that these products were easily digested and quickly left the stomach. With these facts in mind , the producers came up with a product which could be, and was, readily adaptible for use in the field of athletics. At the present time, there are several commercial products on the market which are quite suitable for use by athletes, particularly in the area of the pre-contest meal. These products differ only in calorie content from those which were developed for the purpose of weight reduction. Now, let us look at some of the disadvantages of the conventional pre-contest meal and weigh them against the advantages of a liquid-type nutrition. Normally we think of a conventional precontest meal as consisting of dry roast beef, mashed potatoes , string beans, jello or fruit, dry toast, and hot tea. This meal has to be eaten in a restaurant. This means carrying our youngsters to the local eatery, having them on their feet and out in the public; thus taking away time that could well be used in mental preparation for the upcoming contest. With the use of liquid nutrition, we eliminate this inconvenience. We simply ice down our meal and have it with us whether on the road or at home. All we need in order to serve our meal is a can opener. By using a liquid nutrition we have been able to follow a normal routine, have kept our youngsters off their feet and have kept them away from a wellmeaning but interrupting public. How does the conventional meal compare with liquid nutrition in balancing the diet, calorie content and digestability? Here again, we find it no contest in favor of liquid nutrition.

The conventional meal that we mentioned earlier is not completely balanced in regard to our nutritional tables. There are several shortcomings, especially in the provision of fats and thus the fat -soluble vitamins. This type of meal will provide between 450 and 500 calories of energy for body use when it is digested. The digestive process for a meal of this type will require approximately eight to twelve hours. This in tum means that we will have an increased blood flow to the digestive tract for this period of time and of course a decreased blood supply to the rest of the body. Also, with the conventional meal, we run the danger of nausea due to the extra time that it takes to digest the solid food. In the case of liquid nutrition, we find most of the objectionable features of the solid meal removed. By using a type of liquid diet, we are able to give our athletes a well balanced diet of 400-420 calories which provides more than 33 % of the day's nutritional needs. It is also a meal which is easily digested. Where the solid meal takes eight to twelve hours to digest, we find that the liquid meal is digested and moved out of the digestive tract in about half the time. This means that we have a greater blood supply for the muscles during a contest. It also results in fewer cases of nausea, due to the fact that the stomach is relatively empty. An additional feature of liquid nutrition is its use in a weight control program . In cases of desired weight loss, a liquid diet may be substituted for regular meals. This gives a rigidly controlled calorie intake in a form which will insure a well balanced wholesome diet. In cases where weight gain is desired, we simply add the liquid diet to our regular meals and thereby increase the daily calorie intake by approximately 1300 calories per day. This should be more than enough to insure a gain in weight. After looking at the advantages and disadvantages of both the solid and liquid meal, it is quite difficult to understand how there could be any doubts as to which type ' meal · is best suited for the athletes of today. It would seem that liquid nutrition is the answer to many coaches' and trainers' pra yers. It is hoped that tradition and. fear of change will not deter you from glVlng liquid nutrition an opportunity to serve you and your athletes. In addition to all the above mentioned advantages, liquid diets offer one more bonus to the economy-minded coach. Where the conventional pre-contest meal will cost anywhere from $2 to $3 per person, most liquid diets may be purchased for as little as $.31 per serving. This effects a substantial saving. Over a period of a year, through all sports, this could free a good sum of money for the purchase of additional supplies or equipment. 27



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Dea r Gle nn, Thought you might be Interes t ed in hearing from someone in Viet-Nam. Despite the fac t of the suitation here, t h ere a r e a f ew of us w h o do manage to work-out during off duty h ours. About s ix months ago we constructed a fr ame for rings and hig h bar, (which was made according to Olympic specifications) and have been working o ut a lmost every night since. Here are the n ames o f a few gymnasts who deserve mentioning:Bob Dostal, Don Watson and Sgt. Jimmy Neal. I'd like to take this opportunity to say that the March '67 issue of the MG was top -notch, keep 'em coming. Gymnastically, Sp/4 Vincen t Pozzuoli Viet-Nam THE FINEST

Dear Sirs, I h ave r ecently subscribed t o The Modern Gymnast in January. Since t h en I have on ly received the March issue. But I am writin g to t ell you thi s doesn't bother me. With a magazine as fine a nd excellent in quality as The Modern Gymnast, I can hardly argue the point. The real point is that I am b ehind you 100 %, and am aware of the grave probl em that you have had. I know you are trying a s best you can and as fast as you can, but sti11 maintaining a high level of quality. I sti11 consi der The Modern Gymnast, the finest gymnastic publication in th e world. Hope yo u will be back to normal soon, and to be . read ing your next issue soon. Sincerely, Rodney L . Martensen Evanston, Illin ois Ed. Thanks for your letter of faith in the MG. You are not alone as many other readers have felt the same way • • . Many times we have debated the point of going to newspaper stock , . fewe r pages and typewritten copy to cut expenses to keep the MG rolling . But we felt this would be a step in the wrong direction. If gymnastics in the USA cannot support a quality publication there is even less chance it could or would support a glorified newsletter . . . .. P.S. the MG future looks brighter. EASTERN BACKLASH

Dear Mr. Wright: I just finished reading your latest edi tion of the "Modern Gymnas t". To say, that I read your running aco unt of the NCAA' s interesting but disappointing, is putting it mi ld ly . I c an't nderstand w h y you con tinu a lly underrate the Eastern gym n ast as opposed to the Mid -western or Western gym 11ast. I a lways beli e ved that winning the .C.A.A. All-around Championsh ip was the highest award a c oll eg iate gymnast ... "" .. 1 ...1

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did yo u m a ke menti on of th e fact tha t Steve Coh e n repeated th is mos t diffic ult acc omplishm e nt. Despite the fact that h e h as beaten a \1 the Mid-West a nd Western's fin est gym n asts , littl e mention was made of t h e fact . A\1 you h a ve ever written, is his questionable routines, or marks which yo u did not think he deserved. I guess it was a big disapPointment to yo u, that the Sakamo t os or the Freudensteins or th e Thors co uld not win, because if they had won, pi ctures would hav e been splashed a\1 over the M.G. As long as the U.S. puts s u c h a great amount of stock in the s p eciali st, the U.S. will always be an a lso ran. Despi te the f act that Steve Coh en h a d the guts to stan d up to the AAU, and ch amp ion the NCAA's, the F.I.G . is still not appreciated by you people, who mumble about t h e AAU, but do nothing els e . Why don't you give credit , w h ere c r edi t is due. Don' t h old i t against him, becau se he is an Easte}-n gymnast. N ext yea r maybe one of your f avorites from the West will w in. Rega rdl ess of what you print or say, we in the East, think Steve Coh en is the #1 gymnast in th e Un ited States, and it is 0 crying s h ame, that h e is n ' t given the c r edi t due him . Maybe in one of your future ed i tions, yo u w ill tak e your h ead out of the California sa nd, a nd look Eastward . Sincerely yours, A Burned Up and Disappointed Reader Assoc. Ed : I will , first of all, admit that you have one very valid point in th_t the fact that Steve captured the NCAA All Around crown f o r the 2nd yea r in a row possibly did not receive the amount o f commendation it deserved, especially in view of the competit io n he has f a ced those two years, and which gets ' tougher each year. My only defense for th i s is th at he got more credit than he would h ave if I had not written the story because no one else w .ould have probably. In addition to this, a nd by way of stressin\l the all around, I did include , In my write up , a sentence a bout the all arou nd progress at the end of each event, in on effort to set it apart and give it more i mport a nce and to let the reader know where the title w a s won or lost. You speak of my crit·jcism of Steve's routines and my belittling Eastern gym nasts , I offer the following: I believ e n o ne escape the wra th of my pen: Ed Gu nny of MSU was not praised too h i ghly fOr his high bar routines; Sakamoto w as not eulog i zed for his FX rout i ne; Freuden stein's routines in the finals were reported frankly and questions was raised of M ayer's winning vaults. At t he same t ime the vaulting of Paul Vexler of Penn St a te was praised highly at 3 different times, and special mention was made of Auchter Ion ie ' s Side Horse and vaUlting work. My write-ups a re generally geared tb point out the unusual and different s i tu. ations this, consequently, often makes It necessa r y to refer to specialists as the y seem to br i ng about more innovations th a n do all around men . (Quite logic a lly so, I think, si nce most all around m en are too busy to fool around with a lot of f a ncy m oves). One exception h ere possibly was my reference to Cohen ' s planche on one bar on the PB's . Also in your letter you speak of region a l favoritism . I r eally need g o no further than to ask you who finished' f i rst , second , and thi r d i n the NCAA team race! Seldom do sports writers , of any k i nd , p a y homage to gymnasts, horses, or baseball teams that fin i sh out of the money . I will, however, go further. In the final night of competition the number of gymnasts from the mid -eas t (big ten area) and gymnasts from the west far outnumber those from the east. All Around: 2 East, 4 West, 3 ME , 1 MW . Side Horse: 1 East, 3 ME, 4 MW , 1 W . Floor Exercise: 2 E, 4 W, 1 ME , 1 MW. Trampoline: 0 E , 5 ME, 3 MW, 0 W . High Bar : 2 E, 4 ME, 1 MW , 4 W . Long H: 4 East (3 specialists ), 3 ME , MW, 2 W . Parallel Bars : 2 E , 4 ME , 1 MW, 2 W . Still Rings : 1 E , 3 ME , 3 MW, 1 W . As for spre a ding pictures all over the m a gazine may I offer the following : Cohen w o n one event and there were 6 differ ent pictures of him I n that issue of the M.G . J aco bs won two events and there w e re 5 pictures of him. Robison won one eve nt and h a d 3 pictures. Grigsby won one event and had 2 pictures . Mayer only had a 4shot sequence plus the victory stand . The only exceptions were F re uden stei n a nd S a kamoto with 5 of Sid a nd 6 of Makot o plus a 4-shot sequence, this doe sn ' t seem to be dispropo r tionate in favor of the specialists. As for your comments about the AA UNCAA problem I feel the less said here the better , wh en the Gove rn or of Pa. ,.,.."I,{ "",..,+ I"I.a. + +ho IJ. A 11 +n I"Ainc+~+A ~r""nn

Weiss f or the Pam Am trials wh a t can I do or say to improve the situation that has not already been said. In closing may I say this is not the first letter of this natur·e that Mr. Sundby has received (incidentally most magazines will not publish unsigned letters) dealing with more coverage of eastern gymnast s. Mr.

Sundby , in turn,


over and


that all it takes is for someone to quit complaining and do something about it. Most of the materials printed in the M.G . are submitted by certain individuals be· cause no one else w i ll bother doing it. I feel further that you , in you r letter, suffer somewhat from the same disease you accuse me of-myopia. The points I have tried t o m a ke thus far compare little to this final point , that if there is something you feel should be in the M.G send it in. It will more than I ikely be printed. May I suggest further th a t you re . read the ac count of the 1964 NCAA meet i n the April MG of 1964, page 14, about ea stern gymnasts in the floor exerci se event. Sincerely Jerry Wr i ght



I believe a step backward has been made by changin g the format of the NCAA Gymnastic Champ ionships. By having the 4 top teams competing in the finals instead of the 8 top gymnasts on each event, we are losing much of the excellence and prestige of t h e NCAA Championsh ips. Having 4 teams competing in the finals means that 16 gymnasts w ill b e performing on each event. This w ill mean an extremely long meet if the eve nt are run individually. If the events are run s imultaneou s ly it will be distracting to both the competitor and audience to view the finals. Granted there will be a li ttle more prestige to the . team winner but much less to the event w inn ers who w ill be lost in the s huffl e of the prelim inary competition. I think the format we have u sed for the last 2 years is t h e best poss ible type. The team championship a nd a ll around are decided in the preliminaries, and the best 8 gymnasts on each event advance to the finals. Thi s m akes the NCAA finals just as spectac ular as they are in the Olympics and World Gymnastic Champ ionships. This t ype finish is most appealing to an audi ence a nd for TV coverage. I do not think the people who formulated t his new format really t h ought abo ut what they were doing. I believe that this format was presented to the NCAA Gymnastic R ul es Comm ittee without the vast m a jority of the coach es knowing a nything a b out it. I never h eard mention of this type change until I read that it was approved in the minutes sent out by the NCAA Gymnastic Rules Committee. Every coach I have tal ked to has been totally satisfied with the format of the NCAA Championships of t h e last 2 years. So Why Change It!!! Art Shurlock Gymnastics Coach



Dear Gl enn: W ill iam (Bill) Vermeulen born May 21st, 1911 in Hal'r!am, Holl an d , passed away on July 4th, 1967. B ill did not take up gymnastics until h e was twen ty years old and then not for competition, but to improve his health. In spite ,o f the "too old", "too late" ribbing from the rest of the gang he worked hard to master the h a nd stand and we nt on to w in nlan y a\vards as a menlber of the Ne\v Jersey Turners . Gymnastics was B ill's life, h e k ept hi s competitive spirit and until just a fe\v years ago was still competing and tRking part in exhibitions with the Los Angeles Turners. A high point of B ill 's life was his trip t o see and photograph the gy mn asts at the Tokyo Olympics. Bill was a fighter and even in spite of t h e pai n o f terminal cancer for the past f ew year s he kept working until the day h e passed away. His courage and dete rmination to keep going, his love for gymnastics a nd his motto of "Never give up w h at ever the Odds" should be an inspiration to all. Sincerely, Fern Mayard Los Angeles, Calif. Ed. Bill 's smiling face will be missed by the gang at Santa Monica Beach.

D ear Mr. Sundby, A friend of mine, and a former gymnast, is now stationed off Vietnam and would very much like to r eceive your publication and so h as ask ed me to inquire Into any difficulties which might arise thnough his purchasing of a s ubscription . Could you please write me and tell me if it Is possible for him to purchase a subscription, and if so, what would b e th e best, easi est and f astest manner to have It sent to him ? . .. While writting I must compliment yOU on putting out an excellent magazine. Since I first b ecam e involved in gymn astics four y ears ago I have tried to read as many of you r issues as possible s ince I h ave often found them q uite h elpful in learning new moves and simply keeping up on events in gymnastics. Please k e~p up the good work . Thank you , Bob Fast Atchison, Kansas ED: See August, 1967 "Notes From The Editor" for M.G. Servicemens Subscription Special for' Just $1.00.

RATING CLINIC FOR JUDGES. Sept. 26, 28 & Oct. 3, 1967. For information write: Mrs. Phyllis Cooper, Health and Phys . Ed. Dept., West Chester State College, West Chester, Pa . 19380. AGE GROUP CLINIC FOR BOYS. Sept. 30, 1967. Lawncrest Recreation Center, Rising Sun and Comly St., Philadelphia, Pa. 19111. Harold Ackerman, Clinic Director, 2808 Fandawe St., Philadelphia, Pa. 19149. JUDGES AND COACHES CLINIC. Subject: New Junior Compulsory. Will be cancelled if new compulsory not in print by October 1. Clinic Director: Mrs. Virginia Coco, 8009 Rugby St., Philadelphia, Pa. 19150. Professional Gymnastics Championships. Oc· tober 4. MIDWEST WOMEN'S GYMNASTICS INSTITUTE: November 3 and 4, 1967, Indiana State Univer· sity, Terre Haute, Indiana. Sponsored by Women's Physical Education Department. Level of instruction: Beginning, intermediate, advanced and elite.Fee: $5.00 per person. Faculty: Miss Muriel Grossfeld, Mr. Herb Vogel, and Mr. Richard Zuber. For information write to: Mrs. Margit S. Treiber, Institute Chairman, Women's Physical Education Department, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana 47809. Deadline: Sept. 30. TRAMPOLINE MEET, November 25, 1967, Springfield, Illinois. Individual and synchronized events for girls and for boys. For entry blanks write: Jerald Clark, 15 Calland Drive, Springfield, Illinois. NEW ENGLAND GYMNASTIC CLINIC. Thanksgiving vacation . Springfield College. Write AI Bickham, Waltham Boy's Club, Massachusetts. GYM MEET. Wisconsin Open Gymnastic Championships. February 17, 1968, Brookfield East Gymnasium, Brookfield, Wisconsin.


In cooperation with the publishers of OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST, the Interna· tional Gymnastic magazine of the F.I.G . edited by our good friend (MG contributor) Dr. Josef Gohler, we are able to make a special subscription offer to MG subscribers only. Just $4.00 for a one year subscription to OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST (regular USA rate $5 .00). OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST is an ideal International supplement to your regular M.G. subscription. (We just do not have the space in the MG to print all of the F.I.G. reports and International Gymnastic news available.l OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST features beautiful color covers with large photos throughout plus technical articles and illustrations. OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST articles are published in German and French (the official FIG language) with a summary of each article in English . ORDER NOW! P.S. If you have not already guessed it, we of the MG staff think the OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST is GREAT! And recommend it highly . to our readers and suggest that you subscribe if you possibly can. If you're in Gymnastics we guarantee you won't be sorry. THIS SPECIAL OFFER GOOD IN THE USA ONLY AND EXPIRES OCTOBER 31st, 1967 (CANADA, MEXICO AND OTHER FOREIGN MG SUBSCRIBERS MAY SUBSCRIBE TO THE OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST THROUGH OUR U.S.A. OFFICE, BOX 777, SANTA MONICA, CALIF. 90406 FOR $5.00 PER YEAR.l OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST (MG special) Box 777 Santa Monica, California 90406 Enclosed please find $4.00 for a one year MG Special subscription to OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST. NAME. ............................................................. .. ADDRESS .......................................................... CITY........................ STATE .............. ZIP........... .



OLYMPISCH TURN KUNST back editions available on a limited supply for $1.00 each. Order from O. T. Back editions, Box 777, Santa Monica, Calif. 90406. 29



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Modern Gymnast - September 1967  
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