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NOTE S

FROM THE EDITOR

AS WE GO TO PRESS; We just rece ived word of the First Orga nizational meeting of the NORTH AMERICAN CONGRESS OF COACHES OF WOMENS GYM NASTICS . . . To be held at the Sheraton Plaza Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, on March 13th and 14lli. THE FIRST organizational meeting is open to all teachers and coaches of womens gymnastics, male or female, regard less of the age or ski ll level of the gymnasts involved. * * * * * ORGANIZING COMMITIEE consists of GENE MITCHELL, Nat. P. E. Director, Am. Turners; GEORGE LEWIS, '62 Womens Coach - World Games; VANN IE EDWARDS, Womens -Olympic Coach; FRANK WOLCOTT, Springfield College; BUD MARQUETTE, California; DICK MULVIHILL, Univ. of III. HERB VOGLE, (Chairman Pro - Tern) So. III. Univ. The Organizing Committee is endorsed by FRANK BARE, EX:ec Director USGF and COL. DONALD HULL, Ex ec Director AAU. * * * * * PROBLEMS to be. faced: Unified lea dership in tea ching and coaching, support of competitive gymnastics . .. Olympic Development' 4 year plan .. . Team and C9ach Selection . .. National Judges ... Coaches Clini cs . . . Gymnasts Clinics . .. etc. FOR SPECI FIC IN FORMATION: Contact Herb Vogel, Health and Education Dept., Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois. * * * * * SPECIAL NOTICE: The FIRST NATIONAL INVITATIONAL GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIP FOR COLLEGE WOM EN will be held at WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, Missouri on March 27th, 1965. For detailed informatio n, write to: Miss Shirley Kropp, Reg. Chairman, P. O. Box 178, Washington Univ., St. Louis, Missouri 63130,

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AMERICAN PHYSICAL, fITNt:SS RESEARCH INS-TlTUlE INC .108ROAIlW",Y

MHU MONIC A CA,lfOIH'A

MAX J . RUDERIAN GLENN SUNDBY -

Publ ishel Editor VOLUME VI I

A. BRUCE FREDERICK Ed ucat io n Ed ito r

DR. JAMES S. BOSCO Researc h Ed itor COVER: Wi th this edition we sa lute Grace K aywell for he r ti reless efforts to put Ba llet in it's r igh tful p la ce in Gymnastics a nd for her m any inspiring instr uctional articles pub I ish ed t h roug h t he yea rs in the M_ G. Grace h as seen a dream become a rea lity with her

recent " Ba llet fo r Gymna stics" record series, a nd soon to be rel eased I nstruction (to accam p any th e reco rds).

books

N EX T ED ITION: We h ad m ore material tha n space in t his edition therefor e t he additional Ol ym pic Statistics co mpil ed by D ick Cr il ey and promised fo r this issue will be pub lished In the M a rch M .G., along w it h a new M .G. feature seri es on judg ing a nd many other specia l reparts and inst ru ct ianal articl es.

T HE MODERN GYMNAST is published by American Physica l Fitness Research Institute, Inc., 410

Broadway,

l

'>..1 ..~ :

Santa

Monica,

Colifornia.

Second

class postaqe paid at Santa Monica, Calif. Published monthly except June, August and October which ore combined with the previous month's issue. Price $4.50 per year, SOc single copy. Subscription correspondence, THE MODERN GYMNAST, P. O. Box 611, Santa Monica, California. Copyright 1965 by AMER ICAN PHYSICAL FI T NESS RESEARC H INST I T UTE, INC. , 410 Broadway, Santa Monica, California. All pictures and manusc r ipts submitted become the property of THE MODERN GYMNAST unles a return request and sufficient postage a r e included.

FEBRUARY, 1965 NUMBER 2 CONTENTS NOTES FROM THE EDITOR _______ __ ______ ___ _____ _Glenn Sundby 5 CH ALK TA LK _____ _______ _____ ______ ____________________ ____.__ __ _____ ____ __ ___ 6 TOKYO MEMORI ES (Part 2L _______________ ___ _Larry S. Banner 7 USGF DI RECTOR'S REPORT ___ _. _________ ______ ____ ___Frank Bare 8 2nd - WORLD TRAMPOLIN E CHAMP IONSHIPS __ ___ __ ________ _Norman R. Holzaephe l 10 BALLET FOR GYMNASTS __ ______________ _______ ___ Grace Kaywe ll 12 1964 WESTERN GYMNASTICS CLI N IC __________________ ___ ____ 14 COMPETITION COMM ENTS ________________________ Art Sh urlock 15 GYM SNAPS OF 1964 WESTERN CLl NIC _____ ___ _______________ 16 EAST - WEST TEAMS WESTERN GYMNASTICS CLlNIC _____ ____ __ _______ ___ ___ ___ 20 GYMNASTlCS IN PHYSICAL EDUCAT ION _________________ _A. B. Freder ick 22 RESEARCH AND FITNESS ________ __________ ______ James S. Bosco 25 CARBON COPY _____________________________ ___________ ___ ___ Herb Vogel 26 TRAM POll N I NG ________________________ ________ ____ __Jess Robinson 28 WH AT'S THE SCORE? _____ _______ . ___ __________ __ _____ Jer ry Wri ght 30 HELPFUL H I NTS _______________________________ ____ _________ J im Fa rkas 34 SOM ERSAU LT DISMOUNT _____________________ _____ Je rry W right 35 COMPULSORY EX ERCISES FOR 1966 WORLD CHAM PIONSH I PS _______ ______ ___ ____ 35 LETTERS ____________________ ___ ._______ _________________ _____ ___ ______ __________ __ 36

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S WEDEN· USS R Swt'den USS R 1. Kerd emeldi- R 2. Leo nti ew- R 3. Woroniu-R 4. Lind gre n- S S. Stoyda-R 6. Rose ngren- S

WORLD REPORT OF GYMNASTICS By Dr. Joseph Gohler

CHINA NATIONAL GYMNASTIC TOURNAl'vIENT 1964 Men: 1. Yu Lieh-feng 56.90 2. Liao Tuu-lient 56.60 3. Yeh Yi-ta 56.55 4. Chang Chien 56.30 5. Lin Chan g-shen 56 .00 6. Yang Ming 55.85 \\Iomen: 1. Wang Wei-chieh 38.033 2. Chi ang , Shao-m in 37.665 3. Ch iang Shao-yi 37.598 4. Lai Pei-ling 37.066 5. Ch iao Yia-ying 37.320 6. Liu Hsuan 36.999 Men: Free Exercises: 1. Yi u Hsi-uan 19.05 2. Chon Shih-sheng 19.00 Pommelled Horse: 1. Yu Li eh-feng 19.30 2. Li Cheng-chi 19.15 Rin gs : 1. Liao Tun-ti en 19.25 2. Yuau Kuo-Iiang 19.10 Long Horse: 1. Liao Tun -ti en 19.15 2. Liu Chen-ta 19.00 Parallel Bars: 1. Yu Li eh-feng 19.35 2. Hsu Tai-ming 19.15 Horizontal Bar: 1. Chang Chi en 19.55 1. Hsu Tai-ming. 19.55 Wom en: Free Exercises : 1. Wan g Wei-chien 19.60 2. Cha in g Shao-yi 19.10 Uneven Bars: 1. Liu H snan 19.66 2. Wan g Wei·chien 19.10 Ba lance Beam: 1. Chiang Shao-m in 19.133 2. Chi-Yu-fen 18.966 Broad Horse: 1. Wang Wei-chi en 18.799 2. Chiao Yia-y in g 18.766 HUNGARY - CHINA Men: 1. China 2. Hungary 1. Yu Lieh.feng-C 2. Csanyi-H 3. Varga- H 4. Yao Su·cheng- C 5. Chang-t ien- C 6. Yeh Yi·ta- C Wom en: 1. Hungary 2. Ch ina 1. Mak-H 2. So Shun -chin- C 3. Tolnai- H 4. Chang Son-ye- C 5. Tin g Hshiao- pen g- C 6. Banfay- H

288.85 284.25 58.80 57.40 57.25 57.20 57.10 57.05 187.90 187.05 38.45 38.05 37.95 37.45 37.25 36.95

283.55 279.05 57.30 57.05 56.55 56.40 56.35 56.20

WEST GERJ\lfAN REGIONAL TEAM CHAMPIONSHIPS 1. H essen 275.20 1. Wu erttemb erg 275 .20 3. Rh einland 268.10 1. .Taschek- H 56.90 2. Banzhaf- W 56.40 3. Keru- W 55 .9S 4. Zschuuk e-Rh 55.50 S. Gru enefeldt- W 55.1S 6. Becker- H 54.85 WEST GERMA T CLUB CHAMPIONSHIPS 1. TB Oppau 224.90 2. Tsu Heusenstamm 222.90 3. University of Cologne 218.90 1. Storha ug-C 57.55 2. Fuerst- O 57.30 3. laschek- H 56.85 4. Baum- O 56.65 5. En enkel- O 55.55 6. Becker- H 55.45 ASIA HALL OF FAME Yukio Endo has been named to the H elms Hall-Hall of Fame of Asia. Hi s history is as follows: 1964 (World Trophy) Age-27 yrs. Marital- Married with one child 2 yrs. old Occupation- Teaches gymnastics at Ni hon Universi ty in Tokyo. H eight-Ap proximately 5' 5" Weight-A pproximately 140 lbs. w

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A. B. Frederick in an interview with a former Olympic sk ater, Dr. Tenley Albright , who is now a practicin g surgeon in Boston , the Medicine in Sports Newslette r reo ports . . . " Seeing gymnastic event s for ~:Te first tim e in (Tokyo) , she (Dr. Albright) was impressed by gymnastics as a sport for you ng girls. While it requires strength and endurance, it also sa tisfies a feminin e pleasure in grace and rhythm." No te: For IIt/.C. readers who would like to obtain this newsletter on a regular basis please write : Medicine in Sports Newslet· ter, R ystan Co ., Mt. Vernon, N.Y.

STATE CLINIC " On the 31st day of October, 1964, wa s held a state wid e Girls Gymnastics Clinic at the site of Eastern Washin gton Stat e Coll ege in Cheney, Washington. Approx im ately 220 teachers, co llege and and hi gh school stud ents were in attendance. In struction was given in Free Exercise, Balance Beam , Side Horse Vaultin g, Uneven Bars, Tumbling and Trampolin e. Th e in · stru ctors were J\lIiss Dale McClements, member of th e 1964 Olymp ic Games tea m ; Miss Pat Erickson, instructor at Renton Hi gh School ; Mr. Thorne Tibbitts, instructor and coach at Eastern Washington State College. Th e gi rl s and men enjoyed a fu ll day on instru ction in each of the areas. Th e film for comp ul so ry routin es was show n to all. Inciden tl y, a few film s are availabl e at a cos t of S13 if any rea ders are int erested in buying th em. Cont act Ma ry Sarver, High. lin e Hi gh School, Seattle, Washin gton , for thi s. The clinic wa s co-sponsored by Eastern Washin gton Sta te Coll ege and Th e Division of Girl s and Women's Sports.' '

CANAD IAN GYMNAST HONORE!> Pi ctured above is Hartley Simon, Sas· katchewa n's Gymnastics Cha irm an present· ing the Velma Sprin gstead Rosebowl trophy to Gail 'I arion Daley, an 18 year old gym· na st from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. This trophy' is award ed ann ually by the Amateur Athleti c Union of Canada to the top Cana· dian ama teur female · athl ete. Miss Daley polled the highest in a year end vote to be· come the second gymnast to receive the award since it was first offered in 1934. Miss Daley was born and rai sed in Saskatoon and got her start in gymnas ti cs at the SI. J\lIary's Gym in Saskatoon. While only 18 years old Gail has already amasssed quite a record along the gymna stics competitive trail in Ca nada, United States and interna· tionally. She is a three time winner of the Ca nadi an Senior Women's Championship title and was Canada's lone female gym nas· ti cs representative at the 1964 Olympic Games. While in Tokyo she won the FIG pin for over all competence in gymnastics. She is presently attending the University of Illin ois and wa s a member of the Univ: of Ill. tea m that won the U.S. National Uni· versity Gymnastics Champi onship last year.

Washington Clinic Instructors: Pot Erickson, Mary Sarver and Dale McClements


MEMORIES FROM TOKYO by Larry S. Banner, Captain U.S.A. Gymnastic Squad Author's note : Each draft of this por tion of "Memories from Tokyo" has become less and less euph em istic. The controversial na· ture of the article requires protection of the innocent, but the behavior patterns which existed from th e gym nastic team's assembly date until it s subsequent di smissal mu st be included in order to lend support to a superfi cial thesis which presently ex ists in the minds of many gymnasti c followers, and to the ultimate hypo th esis with which thi s writing is grossly concerned. PART II : THE TEAM Larry Banner, Ronald Barak , George Gu· lack, Tom Maloney, Rusty Mitchell, John Muir, Makoto Sakemoto, Art Shurlock, Ar· mando Vega, Greg Weiss, and Don Wilder· oter should have been members of a team that fou ght a duel with the gymnastic pow· ers of the world. They were, however, mem o bers of an organization united only by plane ti ckets to Tokyo and , without much effort, thru the course of the games, managed to erase even this sy mbol of comrad eship. An article in the American Turner Topi cs summ ed up the situation adequately by statin g, " . . . it is plain that the U.S.A. Gymnastic Teams were of no help whatsoever to our national standing." the th~sis for ' an article of this nature should not contain a unitary hypothesis or enum erate a single paradox. Indeed, the 1964 United States. Olympic Gymnastic T eam was a giant conglom eration of paradoxes. The team had " 1st four" talent, yet finished seventh; experienced American judges were available, yet only one judged; some team members professed to believe in team spirit, yet the team never was united, save once; no one member did his best performance even though several have proclaimed satisfa ction; and, even though the team's purpose was " fight and win," a variety of non-related activities seemed to hamper the traming and competition. -An examination ' of the evidence, that seems to support these paradoxes, would not be valid as criterian for judging our competitive team. The anecdotal records are too misleading and superficial to accurately answer the gymnasts' questions. I will not propose that we must be forever reading " Olympic Reports" that allow the reader to examine statements and ~peculate upon possible themes; if any theme exists. }jill Meade seems to reflect upon the possibility of four Olympic Trials: two to determine the top fifteen-twenty gymnasts and two personality examinations for submittance to "Uni-vac" for the final selection of the most com patible "six." In contrast to the implied theme contained in many reports I have heard and r ead, most gymnasts would pre· fer to compete under a flag that contaim some red and white stripes and about fifty stars on a fi eld of blue. Inverted gymnast, and shields do very little in r eference to competitive spirit. As a student plus of the competitive nature of the sport of gymnastics, I submit for your examination that no man on the 1964 United States Gymnastic Team did anything more or less than his personality dictated; no gross behavior pattern of any athlete refl ected poorly upon his team. In fact, the utter and complete failure of the team to finish in a position relatively commensurate

1964 USA Mens Otympic Gymnastic prior to leaving for T okyo,

team

with its talents was due to the inability of each " team " member . to design his a_<;.livi:. ties to it -sched ule that allo~ved' him to take every possible step toward twelve perfect exer cises. (Author's note: the term " team" refers to the six compe tin g members of the organization while th e term team refers to all those who traveled to Tokyo as a member of the gymnastic group.) Rusty Mitchell took a fin e, optional " freeex" routine to Tokyo, while Art Shurlock and myself felt we had a few things to say a hout the sid e· horse medals. Greg Weiss had an ultra-difficult parallel bar exercise, even though some observers state that the " peach-kip-'L'" was weak-there have always been medalists with weaker se quences, and there were thi s time! Makoto Sakemoto had superb potential in the " all-around event" with his excellent execution of twelve exercises. It is conjecturable that, with a fin e team performance, Makoto may have placed tenth or eleventh. The young lad was a credit to his country in his pursuit of this high ideal. Armando Vega, who evolved as the alternate, may well have been the champion of the alternates ; and if his multitude of injuries were not so severe, his selection as the "seventh man" may not have been so obvious. If Greg Weiss had not been receiving 9.6 for his "sit-on-the-bar 'German Giant' " during the trials and executed about one hundred "Germans" during the practice sessions, the team may have pressed Ron Barak's high-bar routine into the 9.6-9.7 catagory. These routines belonging to seven Americans comprised the talent that, in my opinion, could have far (outshone) the Italians, who eventually evolved as the fourth place team by scoring 560.90 points. There was other potential talent. George Gulack, the men's FIG representative, has had years of international experience, and I have personally seen him take international communication problems successfully into his capable hands. Tom Maloney's multitude of international experiences dictated his capacity as judge and manager. But, even though the talent existed, the team managed only a seventh place because the team members were unable to unite in common efforts to achieve high caliber performances. The team members were unable to unite in common efforts to achieve high caliber performances because the prevailing coachin g philosophy was completely "non-di~ec-

at one of the cantroversiat

exhibitions

hetd

tive" and, at times, non-existent. The applied " coachin g" philosophy follow s th3t sin ce each member of an Olympic Team has trained and otherwise prepared on his own, without, for the mo st part, directed coachin g, he should continue at his .own pace. A new schedul e and/or directed trainin g may upset the individual to the point at which hi s exercises would suffer in th e competition. The point being, each man has achi eve d grea tn ess within hi s own realm, and this degree of talent will "carry him through" international competition. With out refl ectin g poorly upon the depth of talent in the United States, may I ask th e qu estion , "Just who did we beat considering the caliber of talent we and I laugh now called opponents in Tokyo?" The activities of the "team" members reflect th e fallacy in the above stat~d philoso phy. The coach asked the "team" members if they "would like to exhibit" a maximum of four times prior to October 1, 1964. The "team" members voted, "NO!" The coach reported this vote to the exhibition sponsoring committee. At least one member of the sponsoring committee had done approximately two months of preliminary public relations and there was some reaction to the " team members" vote. The Olympic co ach was replaced as chairman of this committee. Individual members of the team were then approached by various sponsorin g com mittee members with promises of "good things." The "team' 'members voted, "YES !" The coach was not in favor of the "YES" vote, but went along with his more experienced "team members." In Bakersfi eld, Banner pulled a foot muscle. In Corona del Mar, Vega aggravated an already tender shoulder. In San Diego, one " team" member was so tired, he didn't go all the way to Los Angeles: One " team" member didn 't ge t all the "good" things promised and complained for two months. At Corona del Mar, all seven athletes were present for the first time, but the girls' team didn't come; causing a little confusion. They were advertised on posters supplied by the sponsorin g committee. The coach of the girls' team didn't know hi s team was to be at this exhibition even though the Corona del Mar High School had supplied hi s equipment for a co mmand performance before thirty enthu siasti c spectators. Part III Next -Edition.

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SCEN ES GYMNAST IC CLI NIC, TUCSON, AR IZONA Upper left: One o f the younger porticiponts Upper r ight:

Judges in action

At left: Clinic Director Sam Bailie presenting outstanding Gy mnast award to Rusty Mitc"ell Be low:

Art Shurlock instructing

At ri ght: Veteran Erwin Volze presents Horizontal Bar gold medal to. Terry Higg ins.

class and instructional scenes


Z' i'tec,to~d, 1li!epo~ THE UNITED STATES GYMNASTICS FEDERATION P.O. Box 4699,

TUCSON, ARIZONA.

FRAN K L. BARE Executive Director U. S. Gymnastics Federation

The 4th Annual Western Clinic was attended by more than 600 participants including four members of the 1964 U.S.A. Olympic Gymnastics Team. The East-West Meet was a highlight of the event and the competitions were extremely good. The Open Championship saw some 45 entries in each event and another well-managed competition_ Hat's off to Glenn Wilson (Colorado ) and Sam Bailie (Arizona) . . . CoDirectors of the Clinic for an excellent job of hosting the clinic. We talked about the EASTERN CLINIC last year but got off to a late start with the idea ... but we're off to an early start this year and this coming December should see the WESTERN CLINIC in Arizona and the EASTERN CLINIC in Florida being conducted at the s~me time. Consider this idea as put forth by M.G. Editor, Glenn Sundby. From the Florida Clinic we select a team to truly represent the East ... and select a similar group from the West at Tucson . . . then bring them together as two six to eight man (and perhaps woman) teams to tour several large U.S .A. Cities and compete as the All-Star teams they are? * * * ~:NASHVILLE-65. is the byword for the 3rd annual U.S.G.F. NATIONAL OPEN CHAMPIONSHIPS. David Lipscomb College in Nashville is host school ,and host Coach is Mr. Tom Hanvey who led his team to the 1964 Southern Intercollegiate Gymnastics League championship. Pre-meet interest is very high and this should be the biggest and best yet ... so plan on attending. The ELITE DIVISION will utilize the 1966 WORLD'S GAMES COMPULSORIES ... which are now being translated. The CLASS "A" will use the U.S .G.F. compulsories and both sets may be ordered from the USG F Office along with entry forms. PLAN ON BEING THERE ... APRIL 16-17, 1965 ... NASHVILLE!

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If you haven't yet ordered the great "Ballet for Gymnastics"

records ... do so right away. We have received many, many requests for them and it appears as if this much-needed project is meeting with the success it deserves .Order from Stepping-Tones Records, PO Box 64334, Los Angeles, California.

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The U.S.G.F. AGE-GROUP GYMNASTICS WORKBOOK ... continues to go out to all parts of the nation and also to an astounding number of forei gn countries. This graded program of compulsory routines can do much for any school or club program and belongs in every physical education library. Order from USGF PO Box 4699, Tucson, Ariz. 85717 ($2 .00 ) . Next issue of the Modern Gymnast, we hope to have a story for you on the U.S.G.F., as it celebrates it's second year of operation. On January 7th, we passed our second birthda y and move into the third year . .. with high hopes of seeing the sport of gymnastics continue its rapid growth and development. We'll try to bring you a complete picture-story on our USGF Press ... offices ... and the picture of.where we are today after our first two grea t years! .y,.

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Below: Olympians Rusty Mitchell, Art Shurlock and Gregor Weiss along with World Trampoline champ Dan Millman pose for picture with members of The MeXican National ~ymnastlc team at the Western clinic. A theme .of International and loca l friendship and cooperation made thiS the mast congenial and producti ve clinic ever.

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U.S .G.F. PRESS ... has announced the publication of its latest aid to gymnastics. "CONDUCTING GYMNASTICS COMPETITIONS", approximately 40 pages of well presented information on pre-meet, meet and post-competition plans which also includes sample fOI'ms for every need . This is an excellent work and we are pleased to make it available. Price $1:00. USGF PO Box 4699, Tucson, Ariz. 85717. U.S .G.F. TOUR scheduled for Europe in the Summer of 1965. This could just be the best gymnastics tour ever from this nation. Plan on seeing the largest gymnastics event of them all the GYMNAESTRADA in Vienna, and also visiting European gymnastics schools and camps' . . . and the prices are the absolute best. Write: U.S.G.F. Tour Directol", PO Box 611, Santa Monica, Calif. 9


REPORT ON THE SECOND WORLD/S TRAMPOLINE CHAMPIONSHIP London, England by Norman .R. Holzaepfel Gymnastics Coach, University of Iowa The official .S.G.F. trials for the U. S.A. team to attend the Second World's Open Trampoline Championships in London , were conducted at Southern Illinois University on January 27th. Ten (10) boys and three girls entered the competitions which featured the "double elimination" bracket scoring system that t~e team would face in London. Men's Division: Entries :....... _...... Danny Millman, Univ. of California Gary Erwin, University of Michigan Frank Schmitz, Southern Ill. Univ. Dale Hardt, Southern Illinois Univ. Rich McCabe, Univ. of Colorado Tim Clark, Iowa State University Brian Hardt, Southern Ill. Univ. Jeff Stein, Univ. of Iowa Brent Williams. Southel'n Ill. Univ. Bob Dvorak, S~uthern Ill. Univ. Women's Division Entries :............. .1 udy Wills, Gulfport, Miss. Nancy Smith, Sycamore, Illinois Vicki Bolinger, Springfield, Ill. The competitions were fiercely contested and at the end of an hour and one-half of beautiful exhibitions before nearly 2,000 spectators the men's team was selected . . . as Gary Erwin finished in 1st Place and Frank Schmitz, finished 2nd. Judy Wills, never lost a match in tying up her first place in the women's division and lancy Smith and Vicki Bolinger had each lost one before lancy moved ahead by narrowly edging Vicki . I had the good fortune to be selected as USA Coach for this trip (by the USG F Executive Committee) and the four yo ungsters and I made ready for an enjoyable trip to London. We boarded an early morning train to Chicago and then climbed aboard a T.W.A. Jet and headed for London. Some eight hoUl's from Chicago we found ourselves in a cool, and somewhat windy England. Friday (29th) was a day for visiting with other trampolinists and Saturday (30th ) was .rehearsal day in the a.m. Th e Royal Albert Hall . . . is as it might sound , something out of the days of old .. . with a ll the splendor and elegance still attached to this massive building. Som e of the photos wi ll show the size of the structure better than words can portray. The Buglers .. . respendant in their colorful uniforms added a classic touch to the ceremonies. Some eleven nations took part in the opening march-in a nd each team carried their national colors. The Competition this year featured Men 's and Womens' Trampoline ... Men 's and Women's tumbling (one pass forward and one backward) . . . and sy nchronized trampoline routines. 10

New World's Trampoline Champion Gary Erwin on trophy stand flan ked' by runner-ups Frank Schmitz and Wayne Miller.

So there it was . . . a great team effort that saw the U.S .G.F. yo ungsters win every event and do so in truly great style. Sunday morning the entire group worked with trampolinists from other lands and . .. do what they could to help other performers in the trampoline event. Sunday afternoon the leaders of the International Trampoline Federation met briefly and Frank Bare and I attended the meeting and had the opportunity to present certain materials to the President and General Secretary of this FIT. The yo ungsters had a sight-seeing day in London the rest of Sunday and early Monday afternoon it was off the London airport and back to Chicago. From the windy city (and it was!) the team members headed for their respective schools and I back to my teaching assignment at Iowa. Four excellent examples of what the U.S .G.F. stands for . . . Erwin , Schmitz, Wills and Smith. .. congratulations to them all for being great athletes and above that . . . the kind of American winners we can all be proud of . .. and also a special thanks to Bill Meade of Southern Illinois for a great tryouts . . . well done!


Above: Nancy Smith London competition

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action

at

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Upper right: Judy Wills repeats to win her second World Championship trophy cup in a row with runner-ups Beverly Averyt and Nancy Smith also on hand to recei ve awards. At right : The Royal Trumpeteers who in English tradition added flare and pageantry to the second Worlds Trampoline Championships

MENS TRAMPOLINE CLASS A RESULTS I . Gary Erwin (USGF), 2. Frank Schultz (USGF), 3. Wayne Miller (AAU), 4. Spencer Wiggins (S. Africa), 5. Klaus Foerster (W. Germany), 6. Jimm ie Yongue (AAU), 7. Chris Netherton (England), ~. Michael BudenberQ (Germony ).

LADIES TRAMPOLINE CLASS A ' FINAL I . Judy Wills (USGF), 2. Beverly Averyt (AAU), 3. Nancy Smith (USGF) 4. Linda Ball (England), .5 Barbara Galleher (AAU), 6. Barbara John (England), 7. Helga Floehl (German y), 8 . Sheila Latus (Wales).

SYNCHRONIZED BOUNCING I . USGF (Erwin and Schmitz). 2. Germany. 3. EnQland. 4. S. Africa.

MENS TRAMPOLINE CLASS B Winner: Ro nnie Curtis (Wa les).

Mointjies

(S.A.).

2nd :

Dav e

'LADIES TRAMPOLINE CLASS B W inner: Marijke v an den Boogard (S.A.) . 2nd: Francis Dochert v (Scot land).

RESULTS LADIES TUMBLING I. Judy Will s (USGF), 2. Barbara (AAU) . 3. Bev erl y Averyt (AAU).

Galleher

RESULTS MENS TUMBLING

I . Frank Schmitz (USGF), 2. Jimmie Wilson (England) . 3. Tie-Peter Davies (Wales), Barrie Benn (Eng land) .

Other competitors: Seti Sani (Malaysia), Alex Howden (Scotland), Kent Stah l (Sweden) , R. McCarthy (Wales), Frank Rov (Scotland), Mats Kling (Sweden). USGF- United State Gym Federation. AAU-American Athletics Union .


BALLET FOR GYMNASTICS

By Grace Kaywell 3 Tanglewuod Court I('est Palm Beach . Florida

Students at Grace Ka ywe tl 's first Ba llet for Gy mnastics Rec ord class at To rra nce H igh Schoo l, California, he ld in cooperat ion with Bud Marquette and th e Southern Cali f orn ia Gymnast ic Assoc iation .

Groce Notes GYM CL INI CS Now that Gym nastics ha s music for ballet and for Floor Exe ri cse Routin es, th e req ues ts for me to teach at Clini cs has been t'~cit in g and fulfilling . The very f irst df"Illl>ll stratio n of th e records wa s at Long Beach. Cal ifornia for 1\1r. Dud .M arqu et te and the SC ATS. Gl enn S udby was in a ttend , an ce, too. and eve ryone thouht hi s " vo ice" on th e records gave remarkably clea r in s tru c路 tion s even though th e French T e rminology is sti ll a bit confu sin g to at hl etes. Witl1 thi s add it titln to the S port , Mr. Su ndb y ca n ntl w teach ballet and iake pictures at th e eX"'ITi se,

and the surprise of t he day was that they we re purchased m ostly by men! After a r ig id work schedul e all day long, the Associa ti on threw a r ock n ' ro ll dance for the boys and gi rl s in t he evenin g. Those ath letes neve r ran out of ener gy ! A ft er vie wing th e Watu si, the Monkey , th e Sw im , th e Dog, th e F ru g and various ot her twist in ' gyra ti ons, I have decided it would be simple to change the athletic warm-up . . . just

sa me tim e !

On my way back to the Sunshine State I s tupp"d off a t Lovin gton, New 1\'lex ico fo r th e New Mex ico State Gymn ast ics Clini c. Th is was m y secu nd visit to th a t S tate , the last tim e being a Clin ic at Eastern New Mexico Uni versi t Y. Dr. Joe Dick son athl et ic diredor at. ENMU has r eall y give n ' gymnast ICS a shot III the arm for hi s area by staff in a Garland O'Quinn , 1960 USA Ol ympian. T hi~ fall , the S ta te Cl ini c, h osted b y Lo vin gton High Sc hool a nd d irected by Ross Black, saw 700 yo un g at hl etes part icip ate in a un e-da y Clin ic so eff icien tly r un t ha t everyone had a vas t amo unt of mat eri a l to tak e hUlll e and stud y. Th e Staff was: Ross Black a nd Lule et S peegle (Lovington Hi gh Schoo l) , Ga rl a nd O'Qu inn ( Ea ste rn New Mex ico Univ e rsi ty), Wayne Bailey (Farm in " ton Hi gh School) , Rob er t H azlett (New Me~ i co S tate Un iversity) and Grace Kayw el1 t YMCA , W est Pa lm Beach, Florida } . Thi s was th e firs t tim e th a t a booth was set up 10 "e1 1 th e r ecord s " Ba llet for Gymnastics"

Grace

12

Kaywetl

instructing

at

Lovi ngton New MeXICO.

p ut on a Beetl e r ecord for 3' minutes a nd bin go! all parts of the body are warme d u p-pa inlessly !, My nex t Clini c took m e all the way to S prin gfield , Massachusett s, to the New En gland Cl ini c. T hi s tim e more t han 1000 yo un g peopl e were in attendan ce, usin g 2 gyms WIth 4 arenas. Capa bl y headed by Frank Wolcott an d Dian e P otter, the New En gland Associa ti on brought in struc tor s specializin g III all phases of the Sport to in spire our yo un g a thl e tes from th e north east. Bruce FreUerick was there and I beli eve wi ll make a [ull report on thi s Clinic in hi s column . Th e day after Chri stmas a nd tim e once again for th e W estern National Gym Clini c, Sa m Ba ili e and Glenn W ilson in cha rge. It was an other successful Clinic wi th 500 boys a nd girl s attending from th e west an d midwest. The East-West Mee t was about the best mens' mee t ever held in the Un it ed Sta tes. Most of our 1964 Olympic team m embers were th er e performin g, and world champion trampolinist, Danny Millman . Tucson, Ar izona has wonderful wea ther and th e at hl etes co uld work outsid e in the sunshine fo r the most part, b ut a sli ght drizzle brou ght us back into the gyms. Ballet has me back to th e drawin g board , work in g out routin es for th e Floor Ex erci se M usic r~ord e d on Step ping T ones La bel, Record ++ 1020. I h ope to have a Class C ro u tin e a vail ab le to all th e music, and th en a Class B routine. W hen yo u are a Cla ss A athle te, you sh ould be able to compose yo ur own rout in e, but I shall write one or two r outin es as suggestions only.

Lo leet Speegle instructing on the balance beam


WELconE TO STATE GY"MASTIC

Upper left : Connie cuting a split leap

Black(Jrd

exe-

Above: Instructors at New Mexico Gy mnastic clinic: Ross Black, Bob Hazlett, Loleet Speegle, Grace Kaywell, Garland O'Quinn, Geo rge Gilrh o re and W a yne Bailey. At left: Garland O'Quinn demonstrating on the paral lel bars At right: Georg e Gilmo re instructing on the horizontal bar

Below: Scenes from the Western Gymn a stic Clinic. Grace Ka yw ell wi t h Vada Crabbe, Erwin Volze and Jack Woolery. Other scenes shaw girls class work, men's leaping full turn pirouettes and sunn y outdoor workouts.

13


Bus load of eager g ymnasts fr om th'e

1964 WESTERN Cli N IC Th e 4th Annu al Western Gy mn asti cs Clinic opened on a warm , sunn y day in Tu cson, Ari zo na. Mo re th an 600 pa rti cipants app eared fr om every corn er and part of th e nati on to spend five days in cl asses and competition s in vol vin g gy mnasti cs for begin ners, interm ediates and Ol ympian s. The clini c featured excellent instru ction by th e nation's lead in g coaches and teachers. Three co mp etiti ons were held . . . the 3rd annual East-West All-Star mee t was obviously the hi ghli ght of the clinic . _ . with four members of the 1964 USA OLYMPI C TE AM parti cipatin g and the World 's T ramp olin e Cha mpi on, alon g with th e So uth A fri can Garn es tram polin e champ . . . and all this roll ed into one fa bul ous evenin g's ent ertainm ent for so me 3,000 spectators in the Uni versity of Arizona 's Bear-Down gy mnasium. A women 's meet followed the next evening and then the wrap-up in competittions featured the Men's Open Championship _ . . with some 40 or more athletes in each event. The women'!i.. instruction was jointly conducted by Mr. Bud Marquette, of Lon g Beach, Cal. , Mr. Harold Vogel, of Southern Ill. Univ., and Mr. Dick Mulvihill of Ch<\mpaign, Illinois. Men instructors, and there were many great names in this list ___ Bill Meade (SI U), Capt. Karl Schwenzfeier ( USAF A) , Di ck Holzaepfel (Iowa ), J erry Todd (PCC ) , Ken Bartlett ( LBSC) , Hal Frey (Cal) , George Gilmore (NM) , George Bauer (Wisc.), Don Robinson (Aurora HS, Colo_), J erry Wri ght (SFSC), Bob P eavy, Roy Davis, Bob Mannin g, Rusty Mitchell, Greg Weiss, Art Shurlock _ _ . all pitched in to help teach. Erwin Volze _ . _ still acti ve and teaching after 50 years in th e 14

Denv er, Co lo rado area who att ended the

1964 W estern Gymnastic clini c in Tucso n, Arizona .

sport . .. was also there to add his grea tness to the clinic. Nex t years clini c _ . : will add a new fi gure . . . that bein g a se parate gy mn asiu mmr " developm ent al" work with youn gsters. Mr. George Bauer, who did such an excellent job at thi s years clinic, will head up this age-group program and for the first time the clinic will feature an entire program aimed at developing the kid s .. _ in a gymn asium all th eir own. Sam Bailie and Glenn Wil son __ . who direct thi s large and enj oyable event are to be con gratulated on their efforts. They begin early in th e fall to reund this event into shape and it takes months of preparation and organizati on to present such an event. Next year . . . the clinic directors have promised better classes . . . more variety in pro gram and the usual good time by all . . . so plan on bein g at the fifth annual Western Clinic in Tucson . _ . and if you live too far from th e golden West . . . plan on attending the First Annual Eastern Clinic in Florida . . . whi ch should 路 he. a reality within a few weeks and you1I: hear lots more about it soon.

Susan Rogers recipient of the m ost prom ising girl gy mnast

Bel ow: Frank Bare presents go ld medal t o Rings champ Jim H opper of the East team. Sam Bailie presents the M<J6t Promi sing Gy mnast .award to Bobby Di xon of t he Geo rgia Military Ac a dem y, Jack Beckner presents gold medal t o Grego r W eiss winner of the Parallel Bar event.


COMPETITION COMMENTS bv Art Shurl or.k EAST vs. WE ST Fina l Tea m Po ints: East 60, West 52 . Ou tsta nding Gymnast: Rusty Mitchell, East .

Thi s yea rs co mpetiti on was comprised of so me of th e very best all·around men and specialists in th e co untry. Gy mn asts who were Nati onal and National coll egiate win· ners and place rs, gy mn asts of lesse r fam e, but who show out standin g prog ress along wi th four members of the SA Ol ympi c tea m, were pitt ed ve ry eve nly in tne Third Annual Ea st·West class ic co mpetiti on. The mee t was a thrillin g s pec ia l as th e team competiti on was extremely close down to the final seconds of th e co m pe tition. Out· standing r outin es were execut ed by gy mnasts from both sid es makin g th e delin ea tion be· tween winn er and loser ve ry fin e. First event saw Frank Schmitz ( E ) lead off do ing a n excell ent doubl e full to twistin g layo ut somersa ult follow ed with a vcrI' pol· ished and coordinated r ou tin e, but whi ch received a questionably low score of 8.8. Foll ow in g him was a gymnast who was co m· peting for the third time in as many years for the W est, Paul Velasco (8.34). Hi s routine was impressive and difficult with very goo d co mbination and performed with outstandin g surety from a man who has barely touched the board s so to spea k. Next up was inimitable Larry Lind a uer (E ) from So uthern Illinois. Lindau er's r outin e is marked by it s ex treme orig in ality of movement whi ch is blended into a harmonious whole. For in stan ce he t wists hi s roundoff in one direc ti on and imm edia tely does a full twi stin g back somersault in the oppos ite direction, and everyone is left sitting won· derin g about wha t he reall y did. Hi s mount is a masterpi ece of orig inality ( Rd to R , back dive to % twi st to L dive roll La hand' stand stoop t hrough) . Hi s score (8.25) 1 be· lieve was also sli ghtly low. H enry Magd e· lana ( W ) perform ecJ in hi s perfecti onistic style (9. 15) where every de tail of his rou· tin e is worked out mathema ticall y in his mind and del ivered in just that mann er with the composure of an outstandin g soloist da ncer. His score was sli ghtly low again in my estimation. Rusty Mitchell (E) delivered his r outin e with a sensationlism that is sy nonimous with hi s name. His double full to imm ediate backward roll % turn and back dive % twist to fo r ward roll were delivered .with a drive a nd projection that was almost orb ital. He moved incesstantly throughout the duration of hi s exercise excep t for two held positions, hi s hand stand and L Lever. Rusty however l ost a co uple of tenths and some of the eff ect of h is rou· tin e when he ste pped backward on his dis· mo unt. His 9.3 score was deserved. R. Pasq uale (W ), th e Nat'l Free Ex Champion and one of the fe,1' men who have beaten Rusty in Free·ex within the last year was th e fina l co mpetit or. Pasqual e performed with sli ght bobbl es which are very seld om seen in his work. Hi s routin e was ti ed to· ge th er ha rm oni ously but not delivered with his usual fl air because on his mount he was a littl e awkward and sprained his ankle. Thi s mount proved to be a chaotic experience for him sin ce he land ed wi th too m uch of his we ight forward causin g a sever e sprain to hi s ri gh t ank le. He was duly carri ed off th e floor by Rusty, Warren Beers and Lou P erschke. He was back later, hi s foot wrapp ed in an ice pack scrutinizin g t he competiti on. Mishap and all he placed third behind Mi tchell and Magdelan o. Fred Sie bum (W) from Long Beach Sta te (Fresh ) stole th e show from a formidabl e array of S id e Horsemen. I pred ict, Mr. Sie·

Rust y Mitchell

bum, from wha t I. ha ve see n of hi s wo rk , and hi s un ca nny consistency will be many tim es a Na t'l Cha mpion on thi s eve nt. Th e entire a ud ience Iml ke int o a thund e rous ap· pla use aft er hi s ve ry diffic ult and brea thtak in g di smount whi ch wa s preceded by a dif· fi cult routin e. He used two " ba ili es" ( na med aft er th e E vs W mee t mentor, Sa m Bailie : ) whi ch is basica ll y a reve rse moo re to i mm e· dia te travel, to imm ed iate doubl e· in all on o·n e pom mel. Hi s scisso r .work was, however in co ngru ously med iocre · so mehow all ow in g th e judges to chop him down to a 9.1 ave rage. Thi s routin e should on ly have happ ened to any of th e 5 J apa nese gy mnasts who placed in th e top nin e in the Ol ympi cs. That sam e routi ne perform ed by an y J apanese in th e Ol ym pics wo uld have developed such an ova ti on th at th e din of it would still he perce ptable in th e a tm osphere. The on ly other creditabl e performan ce cam e from Da ve Doty who in eve ryones es timati on is go in g to be ve ry di sres pec tful of hi s brothe r> sen io rity on the S id e H orse. Shu rl ock (W), Gordon (E l, Boegle r ( E ) and R ya n ( E ) all with potenti als of winnin g the event had break s in th eir r outin es placin g them behind Sie bum and Doty. A pre·meet predi cti on had th e Trampolin e event as a dual between So uth African Champi on, Frank Sc hmit z and World Cham· pion Dann y Mi ll ma n. This proved to be th e case along with outstandi ng wo rk from Dale H a rdt (E) wh o end ed with a fanta sti c tripl e twistin g cody to a perfect la ndin g. Frank Schmitz preced in g Millman on th e tramp started with a triple back followed by a ver y complicated and form perfec t r outin e, a nd wi th extreme height on ever y boun ce of his routine. M ill man sta rt ed wi th a do ubl e piked fron t with a 1% full twist on the second front. His routin e was al so accom plished with perfect form but los t mu ch of it's fl avor after he lost most of hi s height half way throug h his r outine. T he mo ve he perform ed prior to losin g his height was one of th e. most specta cular moves I have ever seen on the tram polin e (2% back to sammy to stomach cody, but not worth the expen se of losin g boun ce. The Hori zonta l bar saw a r elatively newCOIner Terry l-li ggin s win usin g an ori g inal pirou ette out of back giants turnin g in th e op posite .direc tion of the reverse pirouette or blind turn he end ed up in a doubl e eagle grip fo llowed by eagle giant s. This move· ment plus a fin e routin e and ex tremely hi gh hecht di smount gave him first place. Fo ll owin g with .500 of a poi nt behind was Rusty Mitchel l. Mit chell mad e th e prese ntation of th e medal to Hi ggin s aft er he was prematurely g iven th e medal as the winner. J ohn Quintana of the Uni v. of Den ver perform ed so me very difficult moves but a brea k in th e middl e of hi s r outin e on a gennan gia nt negated hi s chance of pl acin g. Shurlock performin g ma gnifi cently until his double rea r in the center came fl yin g off in a blur since he forgo t to regrasp th e bar with

hi s left hatld or he co uldn't bQca use he hau so 'mu ch spee d ·Ieft ove r fr om -the eagle gian t. On e (;(J mme nt heard wa s th a t he mu st · have " psyched" th e jud ges becau se he was smiling on th e wa y dow n. Huweve r, 1~e m o lln14 ing th e bar he fini shed in fin e sl yle d oi n g an excellent ge rm a n gia nt and pikeu fl y-a· way still smilin g. Larry Banner pla ced 3rd with a 9.2 rout·inc. Hi s r outin e wa s aga in mark ed by hi s fin e style. He pe rform s a ve ry diffi c ult cri ss·ca rry to shoo t out % twi st and stoo p through, to full twi st r each und e r (Takam oto), :)1, of th e way through hi s rout in e. Lonni e Kapp demonstrat ed an e x· tre mely ' diffi c ult routin e whi ch in cl ud ed a (do uhl e ge rma n ' Takam oto shoo t, hut with a lack of fluidity that co nsistent ly dro ps hi s sco re on thi s hi s bes t e ve nt. Ru sty va ult ed h is way to th e hi g hest sco r e of th e mee t 9.75 with a tremend ously hi g h pik ed so mi va ult to a solid land in g. On thi s va ult Ru sty ha s probably gone hi gher than any oth er gy mn as t in th e wo rld. The onl y oth er nota bles on the Long Horse jump be· longed to Da nn y iVl ill man who used th e same vau lt hut not wit h sam e height and fli ght. Gregor Weiss performed a mechanically perfect Parallel Bar r outin e to win . Greg's fr ont so mi and one arm hand stand (which was as solid as a brick wali) were his stand out moves. Danny Garcia performin g hi s best parallel bar rou tine to date tied Shurl oc k for second at 9.35. Danny has ex· cell ent style whi ch h e combin ed with out· sta ndin g form and difficulty (flyin g Pir· oue tt e, layaway, strueli to back so mi di s· mount ) . }{usty performed a front somi be· tween the bars but lost tenths because it was don e from an interm ediate swing. Thi s was one of th e rare times I have ever see n him "shoo k up " so to speak in a com pe ti· ti on. Hi s comm ent foll ow in g th e event was th at he was tran sfix ed on an ar ti cl e in th e MG whi ch J erry Wright who wa s judgi ng had writt en about interm ediate swin gs and how at all c~t they sho uld be delt ed from yo ur routin e. Still Rin gs was the most cont es ted el'e nt of the evenin g. Each perfor man ce had some ph enomenal aspect to it ( if not in it s t o· tality a t leas partially l. Ed Clark perform · in g a sensational r ou tin e exce pt for breaks on hi s shoot hand stand (which he does wit h perfectly strai ght arms) and on his hi gh lay· out somi di smount despit e the fact that h e has only on e leg. Tom Cook (8.95), Glen Ga ili s ( 9. 3) , Warren Beers (9.05), Chris Eva ns ( 9.45) and Jim Hopper (9.5) spellbo und the audi ence with a ph enomena l di splay of hi gh quality rin g work that wo uld have done incredibly well in the Olympi cs or World Champion sh ips. Hopper and E va ns fou ght a very close battl e with Hopper wi nn in g on an extremely well balan ced routine. Eva ns fini shin g with a low di sloca te to a poor so mi piked fl yaway after a fanta sti c strength routin e gave it away because of th e wea k di smount. Floo r Exe rc ise: Rusty Mitchell, East, 9.3 ; Henry Magde lano West, 9 . 15; Richard Pasqua le , West, 8.9; Frank Schm itz, East , 8.8; Paul Ve lasco, West, 8 .34; Lar ry Lindauer, East, 8 .25 . Side Horse: Fred Siebum, West, 9.1; Dave Daty, West, 8.7; Art Shurlock, West, 8 .8 5; Jack Ryan , East, 7.9, Mike Boegler, East , 7 .85; Kent Gardon, East 6.85 . Trampolin e-F rank Schm itz , . 9 .6 ; Danny Millman, West, 9.5; Dale Ha rdt , East, 8.8; Rich McCabe, East, 8.6 ; Danny McFarland , West, 8.0. Dennis Sullivan, West, 6.3. High Ba r: Terry Hi gg ins, East , 9.35; Rusty Mitche ll , 9.3; Larry Banner, W est , 9.2; Lonnie Ka pp West , 8.95; Art Shurlock, 8.4;John Quintana, Ea st , 8.25 . Long Horse : Rusty Mitche ll , 9.75; Danny Millman, 9.45; Bi ll Podia " East 8.9; (tie ) Jer ry Stansbury, Wes t , and Denni s Sullivan, West, 8.8; Larry Lindauer, 8.65. Paralle l Bars : Greg W eiss, East, 9.7; (tied) Dan Garcia , West, 9.35, a nd Art Shurl ock, 9.35; Rusty Mitche ll, 9.15; John Quintana, 8.95; Larry Banner, 8.75. Still Ring s: J im Hoppe r, East, 9.5; Chris Evans, West, 9.45; Glenn Gai lis, East, 9 .3; Wa rr en Beers, 9.05; Tom Cook, Eas t , 8 .95; Ed Clark , Wes t , 8.7 .

15


/

1-


MEET RESULTS WESTERN GYMNASTIC CLINIC GIRLS AGE LEVEL COMPETITION!! TUCSON, ARIZONA UPPER AGE F.E.: 1. D. Lorentzen, 2. "6 . Kilgore, 3 . S. Rogers. Beam : D. LQreptzen, S. Singrin, S. Rogers. Unevens: 5 . 'Rogers, D. Lorentzen, S. Singri'l. Vaulting: S. Richards, S. Rogers, D. Lorentzen . All-Around: S. Rogers, D. Lorentzen, S. Singrin. Lower Age Division

F.X. : I . C. Mulvihill, 2. A. Ichimoto, 3. W. Cluff , 4. P. Rose, 5. M. Hicks. Beam: M Hicks, C. Mulvihill, A. Ichimoto, L. Hamby, B. Dodd. Unevens: C. Mu'ihil', L. Nelson, W. Cluff, Tied were V. Orr, B. Dodd. VaUlting: L. Wilcox, L. Nelson, P. Rose, Tied were M. Crimmens, W. Cluff. All-Around: C. Mulvihill , L. Nelson, W. Cluff, 路M. Hicks, B. Dodd . Tumb. : P. Rose, S. Jones, L. Walek. Tramp.: L. Wilcox, J. Johnson, E. Scott.


1964 EAST - WEST TEAMS AND COACHES ATTeams THE WEST TEAM: Larry Banner (UC LA), Danny Millman (Cal), Richard Pasquale (PCC), Dan Garcia (LA State) Steve Doty (Arizona), Chris Ev ans (Arizona St.), Lonnie Kapp (California), Dennis Sullivan (Unat.), Warren Beers (pcq, Henry Magdaleno (E.L.A.), Jerry Stansbury (A.S.U.), Art Shurlock (USA), Ed Clark (PCC), Paul Velasco (PCC), Danny McFarland (Unat.), Jerry l odd, Head Coach, Hal Frey, Asst. Coach and Ken Bartlett, Asst. Coach.


WESTERN GYMNASTIC CLINIC TUCSON, ARIZONA

tured in order

EAST TEAM: Rust y Mitchell (SIU), Frank Schmitz (SIU), Glenn Gailis (Iowa), Ken Gordon (Iowa), John Quintana (Denver), Rich McCabe (Colorado), Jack Ryan (Colorado), Terry Higgins (USAF), Jim Hopper (Wisconsin), Bill Padea (Colorado), Larry Lindauer (SIU), Mike Boegler (SIU), g~~~hHardt (SIU), Bob Singerman (Iowa), Tom Cook (SIU), George Bauer, Head Coach, Don Robinson , Asst. Coach and Dick Holzaephel, Asst.


by A. BRUCE FRED ERICK

2125 AR MOU·R DRIVE WILMING TON 8, DEL AWARE

ON CLINICS-THEIR NATURE AND NURTURE The appearance of the master tutor is always an exciting occasion for the attentive student. For it is through the experiences, words and actions of the elite that others receive en couragement, knowledge, and skill. The novice has an opportunity to enlarge his philosophical grasp, develop attitudes and double-check technique. A clinic, chen, may be defined as an opportunity to observe the master teacher in action. The situation need not be a hi ghly structur ed one. Observation s and experience may be gained in very informal circumstan ces as well as in situations havin g a high degree of organization. To observe a master physician practice the art of medicine is as important today as it was in ancient Rome. Imagine yourseif in those days. An ailing victim ("cl inicus") of an accident or a disease is treated by the master in th e presence of the novice. It is a rare occasion for the master is not always at the scene. Literature is n on-existant. The burden to learn through observation is therefor e one of the few ways that. you will be abl e to establish your own ability to treat; to heal. In co ntrast to the inconveniences of Rome, mod ern clinics are conducted in the most sophisti cated of circumstances. Modern equipment is available ; publica tions are many and varied ; reproduction techniqu es enable us to have specific information we desire almost as quickly as it is delivered; and transportation improvements makes possibl e a fr equent association with th e outstandin g members of a profession. Teachin g method thu s beco mes a multi·face ted approach to educat ion. The great teacher is only lim ited to the ex tent that he may not apply and integrate all of . these thin gs into a co mplete and total job of instru ction. The rapid growth of technique an d in novation today demands that we apply all of our effort in the organization and admi n· inistrati on of clinics to be occasions for learning. This is no less true for gym nastics as it is in any other fi eld. For exam ple, with so much bein g written presently in the fi eld of gymnastics, it is doubtful that anyone person can be intimate with it all. There is a need for the person who can analyze, synth esize and predict. A simple re·hash of what has been done is not enough. The following observations were m~ti­ va ted by at least two major gy mnastics clinics held durin g 1964. They are es pec ially

22

isolated here because they may be described ' as havin g had an overall theme of " learning." On e, called The National Sum.mer Gymnaotic Clinic, was held at MichIgan State University. The other, The New England Clinic, was hosted by Springfield College. At the outset we should understand that these two clinics do not in any way represent the ultimate in any sense of the word. Oth er clinics held throughout the world and especially in connection wi th the Olympic Games could be cited as well. Th e perfect clinic has yet to be conducted. Sin ce ee~­ tain features of the New England and Michigan State clinics would be highly desirable in any "teaching clinic," we sim ply will discuss these plus fa ctors in the overall di scusssion of clinic program. What Are the Opportunities fo r L earning? Staffing a cl inic is perhaps most closely related to quality of learnin g. In both the New England and the Michigan cl inics, fin e staffs were brought to gether with definite assi" nments for each. Since no major competirion took pla ce at eith er clinic·, the unfortunate practi ce of assigning co mpetitors to teachin g sessions co uld not occur. Where thi s has been attempted th e competitor will often find that there is very little tim e for th e prep aration of informative ~aterial. With time to do the proper planmng, the Olym pian or elite co mpetitor ,~ill. do an excellent job in most cases. ThiS IS especially true if he or she brings to the clinic a background of professional preparation in physical education. . At Michigan State there was a multt-!evel approach. Elementary school teachers such as Betty Meyer of Chicago and Bruce Frederi ck of Delaware provided a wealth of practi cal classroom experience. High school teachers such as Dick Ri chter, Jim McGraw, Ja cki e Uphues, and Thomas T emple were intimate with problems and n eeds at this level. At th e college level we co uld list Ed Bengston, Bob Harri s, Don Leas, Bill Meade and Clinic Director George Szypula. The New England group provided a similar staff capable of handling clini c attendees . at all levels. II) na min g some of those at Sprin gfield let us consider yet another approach to staffin g. Was there enough talent available in the various gy mnastic specialties? Indeed there was. On the International level we find Tom Ma loney, Vin ce D'Autorio and Bob Freeman; gy mnastics for "iris and women with Kitty Kj eldsen , H erb Vogel, Milan Trnka and Diane Potter ; judgin g sessions headed up by Dick Aron son

and Mrs. Kj eld sen ; gymnastics for boys, and men instructed by J eff Cardin alii, Frank Wolcott, Eric Kj eldsen and Mr. D'A utorio; tumbling and trampoline specialists were on hand as were those whose special appeal was for the profession al educator. Mrs. Grace Kaywell presentee' :'er fine work in gymn astic ballet. Similar ~ <lUpS co uld eaSily be iden tifi ed at Michigan State. At both clinics there was ample opportunity to use equipment under the supervision of staff or college level gymnastic competitors. Films, when used, were narrated by those who in many instances were on hand. when they had been film ed. If the use of film s IS to be so methin g more than entertamment, this is especially necessary. There have certainly been tim es when the k~owled gea bl e person of international stature sl.mjlly lowers himseli to the status of prOjectlOmst. What · a waste of talent! Another oppor tunity for learning was provided at both clinics by emphasizin g the par· ticipation of the novice in the pre p~ration of pro"ra ms of co mpetition and exhibitIOn gymna:ti cs. "The Night of Stars" at Michigan State was completely organized and r~n by those who would have the most to gam . . . the parti cipants theniselves. Under the exceptional leadership of Paul Fina and J oe Schabacker attendees learned the insid e tr icks of ~utting together a gymnastic exhibiti on and then went ahead and did it. In stead of the usual hecti c environm ent of a tension·filled National competition, clinicians and participants worked together to plan for, organize and execute a comp etitive meet. H omemade medals, produced by the ingenuity of Jack Carr of the Michi gan Clinic were treasured by the competitors as thou" h they were awarded for national excell e~ce. H ere again , the emphasis was on how do we do it when we get back . .. the master teachin g the novice. 700 Attend the New England Clinic P erhaps the most impressive feature of the New En gland Clinic was the attendance of 700 participants. The Springfield Sunday R'e publican r eported that th e clinic is prob· ably the largest sectional one in the United States. At any rate, it is important to know that a large number of attend~es can. and do parti cipate in cl inics where there IS an a bsence of th e "star" performer. In structors were provided with a " red car· pet" trea tm ent. Th e instructor did not need to make a personal sacrifi ce in order to attend other than to give up a portion of a' National holidav. This too should be noted


by clinic pla-n~e~-s . To get the best possible staff, the host oragn ization mu st guarantee a feelin g of ease for these people so that their full concentration will be on the job they are assigned. The current interest in Catholi c physical education was evidenced by the r egular attendence of two Catholic nuns from the Maria Assumption Academy in Petersham, Mass. Clinic Director Frank Wolcott was somewhat taken aback when one of the nuns asked, "IvIr. Wol cott, when will the basketball sessions begin ?" They soon learn ed the meaning of gym nastics and we can look to their obvious enthusiasm to eventually make an important contribution to Catholic school physical education. Informal Atmosphere at Michigan State The smiles of Clinic Director Szyp ula (who wouldn't smile) and two form er Olympians, Jacki e Uphues and Ernie Carter were typical in the relaxed atmosphere at the National Summer Cl inic. More than once, impromptu sessions developed over coffee and the noon meal as the instructors and participants related experiences and talked over new ideas. P erhaps the theme of thi s article is captured best by the photograph of Joe Scha-

backer --an:<r- liISyoung 路 dlarge~ -- The spirIt of guidance under the experienced eye of the master is vividly portrayed. Another important feature at Michigan State was the closeness of student to teacher. This theme prevailed at several social events including an outdoor evening meal as well as in the gymnasium. The judgin g session conducted by Olympians Carter and Uphues was especially enlightening. The discussion of " general impression" and its meaning was excellent and the attendees were noted nodding their approval of at last being able to determine the specifics of this portion of the women's rules. Paul Fina discussed the many innovations in judgin g for men. The discussion of a team approach to F.I.G. rules as practiced in the Big Ten was an interesting topic. Bill Meade mad e perceptive comments on the Olympic Compulsory Exercises during a presentation of the official Japanese film s for men and women. Clinic or Competition ? What about those " clinics" in which competiti on predominates? There is nothing basically wron g with this kind of structure. These events are particularly motivating to the novice as is a baseball ga me where the youn gster comes face to fa ce with his par-

MICHIGAN

STATE GYMNASTIC

CLINIC

Upper left: 1964 Michigan Clinic staff Above: Joe Schabacker and Diane Chapela perform at "Nite of Stars" Right: Jackie Uphues tries out the new Free /IX" shirt At left: Mex ican vis itor , Dr. Villarreal presenting the associat ion banner to clinic director, George ?zypula. At right: Clinic director George Szypul.a with Olympians Ernie Carter and Jackie Uphues Lower left: Mass teaching technique is demonstrated by Dick Zuber Below : Bob Marcellino directing the trampoline act at the " Nite of Stars" Lower right : Betty Mey er teaching

ticular idoL If the comp etItive side pJ eclominates, however, a gymnastic gathering cannot semantically qualify as a true clinic. In the true clinic, the dissemination of knowledge must be the predominate fa ctor. At a recent National Clinic, for example, three separate meets were conducted. Two of these featured the elite performer while one was on the Jr. Olympic leveL Attendees at such an event co uld be disappointed to find that. the top performers were too busy warming up and competing to really apply themselves to a job of instruction. Again, these events are spectator oriented rather than being in the main devoted to teachin g. The comment, "I enjoyed myself but it wasn't really a teaching clinic" is often the afterthought. What 0/ the Future ? It is hi ghly probable that gymnasti c cl inics in the future will tend to emphasize the overall theme of learning. The National Summer Clinic and the New England Clinic have definitely set the pace in this direction as have many others which are sponsored by the equipment manufacturers. This year the Kellog Center at Michigan State University will be host to the Second National Institute on Girl's Sports. We can look forward to this event as one which typifies


th e best which can be offered in a clinic situation in gymnastics. The planning committee is once again giving special emphasis to thi s area. Some of the foll owin g id eas will be thoroughly explored in clinics for pergymnastics in the near future . . hap s during 1965. 1. If a clinic will be attended by a host of novice performers, more attention will be given to their exacting requirements. The gymnastic profile (See M.G. for November, 1964, "The Gymnastic Evaluation," and "Gymnastic Profile.") will be a definite aid. Armed with thi s advanced knowledge, all" instructor can pin point and direct his instruction to specific areas of need. No longer will we hear, " H ow many of you boys can do giants? " The instructor will know! 2. Clinics of the future will concen trate more on reporting research. This trend has been noted by those attending the First National Institute on Girl's Sports as well as of the recen t Western Clinic. Specialists for clinics will be in demand who can relate many research items to the practical level. Compendia of gymnas路 tic research will be published as a result of such clinic efforts. 3. Gymna stic philosophy will be solidifi ed. Signs of this effort are already in the literature. Bantz of Germany philosophizes, " W'RO can swing can do gym na stics." Gymnastic movement gro upings are being sought so the teacher can concentrate on characteri stic move ment s in logical categories rather than the fru stratin g attempt to teach thousands of unrelated stunts. On e author ha s assembled a basic seven for girls and wom en which will appear in the second Gymnastic Guide of the divi sion of Girl s and Women's Sports of the Am erican Assoc. for Health , Physical Education and Recreation. In Kunzle's excellent Olympic Gymnasti c Series, the introductory chapter is devo ted to a philosophic apprai sal of th e place of each event in the all-around program. Others who have expressed an interest in th e sam e lin e are " Bud" Beyer and Jim Farkas. 4. New systems of judging will be proposed to especially all eviate those who are pioneering in areas where gymnastics has reached the point where competition is desirabl e. Of all areas, thi s one should be attacked creatively and ye t should not deviate from the established International Codes. It can and will be don e. Judgin g practices in the Big T en is just one exampl e of an application. 5. Informal clinic sessions such as small lun cheon groups will make possibl e the interchan ge of ideas. Wh en a large gath erin g of prominent teach ers have an op portunity to meet together, each should be scheduled to chair at least one informal session in which idea exploring is the chief obj ecti ve. 6. In pre-planning the cl ini c of the future th ere will be an attempt to employ a variety of the latest teachin g aids and material s. For example, the tape recorder and th e relatively new GRAPH CHECK sequence camera should be thoroughly in vesti gat ed for possibl e applica tion to the clinic program in conventional and non conventional ways. We will also look to th e future for the development of programs of action in gy mnasti cs based on current interest in our Congress and the Nat ional Fitness Foundation whi ch at present is seekin g so urces of fund s to be utilized to up grad e and promote sports such as gymnastics on art International level. Future prospects ind eed look bright. Th e true clinic will show the way to excell ence.

24

CAPSULE REVIEW

-Varsity Lette rmen's Club. For coaches and teachers interested in vitalizin g clu b programs and improvin g quality of participation. Helps defin e purposes and stimulate worthwhile activities. 66 pp. (241-07146) $1.75, AAHPER, 1201 16th St., N.W. Washington 6, D.C.

~OII(SIf'r

BOOK

REVIEW

Olympic Gymnastics-Parallel Bars by George C. Kunzle London: Barrie & Rockliff, 416 pp., 100 pages of plates, 125 drawings and diagrams. Price-$8.25. "The present lon g-awaited work on the most widely used of all gymnastic apparatus is mu&~ larger than its predecssors. It shows with a wealth of detailed information, diagram s and' over 200 photographs, the methods for learnin g and building up movements which Stalder himself developed and perfected. In addition to the excellent features of the previous volumes (Free Standing, Pommel Horse and Horizontal Bar) , this books has new "action" drawin gs and a large section on very elementary parallel bar work, suita路 able for teachin g in school s. The strip photographs have been extended to include shots of movements actually being done in the Olympic Games and World Championships by top performers and conclude with the co mplete exercises of current champion s. With its superb photographs, hundreds of line diagrams and action drawings, and its comprehensive text, thi s book fulfill s the ultimate needs of everyone associated with gymna sti cs, from the elementary school teacher to th e Olym pic coach, or from the research stud ent to the World Champion performer." We concur heartily with th e publishers of thi s excellent book for which many of us in the United States have wa ited for two or more yea rs. The gymnastic library is now in co mpl ete without this book for it is bound to make an impact not only on th e seriou s stud ent of gym nastics but for those who would make some future attempt at a similar volum e in any of the other events for men and wom en. Startin g with very elementary movement s, Kunzle breaks his subj ect down into the fo'll owi ng : 1. Movements from swin gin g in support 2. Movements fr om swin gin g in upper arm 3. Movements below the bars 4. Strength movements and static positions 5. Mounts 6. Dismoun ts Th e final portion of the book is devoted to the complete exercise with a very th orough di scuss ion of co mposi ti on. Some noteworthy points on style are: (1 ) the emphasis Kun zle seems to place on the development of the front so mersa ult from support to support and (2) his criticism of the element of strength now required by Internati onal rules.

A special physical education workshop is scheduled for June 3-July 14, on the North Texas State University campus at Denton" T exas. This workshop is designed for the teacher with little or no experience in teaching dance or gymnastics in the public school physical education program. Students are also encouraged to take advantage of this opportunity to participate in the workshop. This workshop is open to both men and women who are required to register fo r the entire workshop. . Theory, demonstration, discussion and practice in various form s of dance ana gymnastics will be included. Co-directors of the work shop will be Mrs. Betty Benison and Mr. John J: Marcinko. Miss Ursula Angell, member of the North Texas State University Health, Physical Education, and Recreation staff will serve as a consultant in the area of dance. Six semester hours credit (undergrade or graduate) will be granted. The registration fee is $37.50 (in-state) the same as a six weeks summer term. Applicants will be accepted in the order received. For further information write: Dr. J ess Cearley, Director Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation , North Texas State University, Box 5307, North Texas Station, Denton, Texas.

NEW TOOLS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PHYStCAL EDUCA TtON The classro om teacher, and indeed the eleme ntary schoo l ph ysical education specialistis alwa ys on the lookout for new and betfer wa ys to teach young children beginn ing skillso ften without much preparation f o r the task . PROGRAM AIDS has recentl y deve loped 路 COMBO-GYM *. Thi s unique concept prov ides si mple , basic equipment to teach tumbling and

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This is the se cond of a series of articles dealing with the effe cts of participation in gymnastics activities on the heart and circulation. The foLlowing series will deal with the mechanical and kinesiological analysis of gymnastics moves. Articles are still being accepted for both se ries. Please forward material to the above address. ROBY, Frederick B., " The Effect of Training in Gymnastics on the Electrocardiogram ," Urbana: M.s. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1954. Pp. '70. P URPO SE It was the purpose of this study to investigate the effect of training in gy mnastics on the cardiovascular fitn ess of young boys u sing the electrocardiogram to determine these measures. METHOD An experim ental type of research usin g the single group procedure was f1lllowed in thi s study. Twelve young . boys, ranging in age from 6 to 12, served as subj ects for this experim ent which was condu cted durin g the fall , winter, and sprin g of the 1953-54 school year. This study was divided into two stages : pre-training and post trainin g. The pre-trainin g elctrocardi ogram s were administered in early October with the post trainin g tests being given in the latter part of May. Durin g this 8-month interval , these boys took part in a gymnastics training program held once a week for approximately 1 hour. The Sanborn Vi so-Cardiette was used with careful attention toward proper operatin g procedures and standardization. Segments of th e tracin g measured were P , R, S, and T-waves, the QRS, P-QR, Work and Rest intervals, and the Rest/Work ratio. The mean chan ges over the 8-month training period were evaluated usin g statistical and graphi cal methods. RESULTS An analysis of the data showed that the amplitude of the P -wav e either decreased or remain ed the same in 10 of the 12 cases. However, the mean decrease in P -wave amplitude was not signifi cant stati sti call y. Th e R-wave was found to decrease in 8 of the 12 cases, but again , the mean change was not signifi cant. The S-wave amplitud e in creased in 10 of the 12 cases. There was an in crease in mean scores from 12.925 mm. to 16.291 mm. Th e in crease was not signifi cant. Th e T-wave amplitude decreased in 8 of the 12 cases with no signifi cant mean chan ge. The Rest/W ork ratio increased or remained th e sa me in 8 of the 12 subj ects. Again the mean change was not signifi cant. The graphical analysis revealed particular trend s for the R-wave , T-wave and Rest/ Work ratio to in crease with age. The P-wave decreased; and the S-wave showed a decrease after the age 10. TABLE I COMPARISON OF MEAN CHANGES DUE TO 8 MO NTHS OF GYMN ASTICS TRAINING (N=12 )

V ari able Amplitude of P-wave Ampl itude of R-wa ve A m pl itude of S- wav e Ampli t ude ' o f T-wa v e P-QR Interv al Re st / W o rk Rati o

Mea n Change

-. 1667 -3 .324 3 .365 -.417 - .0064 .0 55

1%

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Level

C.R.

.4133 .9478 1. 7403 .417 .0643 .0136

2.074 2 .074 2.074 2.074 2.074 2 .074

:.1 .819 2.819 2.819 2.819 2.819 2 .819

Tabl e I - reveal s that no sio-nifi cant chan o-es occured in th e ECG measurements at either the 5 % or 1% level s.

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Fig. 2. * An Enlarged Drawing of an Actual Electrocardiogram. Each single square of the graph represents on millimeter. Measured in the horizontal, each millimeter represents a time interval of 0.04 second, therefore five millimeters equals 0.2 second. Measured in the vertical, each millimeter represents 0.1 millivolt of current. The duration of the intervals and the amplitudes of the waves are shown in this tracing. " From 1. H. Sigler, The Ele ctrocardiogram, Its Interpretation and Clinical Application, New York: Grun e and Stratton, 1944. INTERPRETATION OF RESU LTS Although no significant change occurred in the group mean, the author made the followin g interpretations : 1. The trend of the compon ents pointed to a lowering of cardiovascular effici ency over the 8-month period. 2. The lowering of the P -wave was consid ered a poor adju ~ tment since some studies have shown the P-wave to decrease ' due to fatigue. 3. The decreases in the Rand T -waves were considered poor adjustments since some studies have shown an increase in these waves with training_ 4. The increase in the S-wave was considered to be a poor ad justment since it is reportedly diminished in Olympic athletes. 5. The slight decrease in the P-QR in terval was consid ered a poor adjustment sin ce studi es report a lengthening with extensive trainin g. 4 6. A good adjustment was mad e by an increase in the Rest/Work ratio which represent s the tim e during which the ventricles are resting, over the tim e of ventri cular work. CONCLUSIONS He concluded that: 1. The gymnastics trainin g was not the proper kind of trainin g to increase cardiova scular fitn ess. 2. The el ectrocardio gram wave amplitudes were more affected durin g thi s training period than were th e time intervals. 3. Th e training did not .occur frequ ently enough to produce any appreciable effect on the heart and circulatory system.

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* 25


CARBON COpy By HERB VOGEL Womens Coach Southern III inois University, Carbonda Ie, III .

ADVANCED GYMNASTICS FOR WOMEN INTRODUCTION TO A NEW SKILL DEVELOPMENT SERIES

by H . Vo gel F or th e past several years, from be spec ific, thi s writer ha s been manage a few articl es each season to th e development of th e advanced

1959 to. able to devoted women

in gy mnasti cs.

T o th e advanced female perfor mer or to th e aspirin g youn gs ter directin g her interests and effort s toward th e attainment of the ad\'an ced skill level . . . th e acq ui siti on of diffi cult skill s and perfec ti on oi techniqu e is highl y im portant. Jud ging by some of the work seen in the man y clinics and co mpetitions across the nation , the coach-in stru ctor as well as the gymnas ts pla ce a good dea l of stress on mastery of the " Big Tri ck". In some in sta nces thi s emphasis on th e " difficult " ha s paid di vidend s ,particularly wh en we co mpare todays wom en with the female gy mna st cf less than a decade ago. Th e casual read er mi ght say , " Then why the poor showing of our team in Japan? " If our wom en have deve loped so markedly , why can' t we climb into the winners circle ? Both question s have the sa me an swer and th at an swer has little to do with the atta inm ent of skill of your countries representati ves but ca n be directed toward a sys tem of administration and training that simply ha s not kept pace with the demands pla ced upon it, eith er nationally or internationally. Whil e th e gymnasts have grown , mostly du e to persona l, and some coach direct ed, in centi ve . . . we still find judges throwin g scores upon direction or basin g their evalu ations upon uninformed, unpra cticed, and opinionated whim. We still fino point "chipping ", favoriti sm, and politics . . . politi cs which field s an Olympic group of individual competitors . .. not a train ed, di sciplined Olympic team. To further deve lop this po int would merely des troy th e purpose of thi s art icle which is aim ed merely to ass ist in th e development of the skill of th e gy mna st, but you the casual reader, must press to improve well ass ured, there will be no tinkl e of metal or sparkle of gold eith er in 1%8 or for that matter, in our life time. Of th e total probl ems that faces United States Gymnasti cs, the development of skill is the easies t to solve or at least, less involved. Certainly, without the slightest doubt , PROGRESSIVE skill development is the most effective way to learn or to teach. To build skill upon skill is not on ly rational but physiologically sound. But regardl ess of what method that is em-

'iA

pl oyed . . . the cra sh atta ck or sys temati c approach . . . one fa ctor remain s constant. RE ADI NESS ! READI NESS to learn is a co mbin ati on of ment al, psychol og ical and physical preparation of each individual gymnast. Readiness is part and parcel of both the gy mnasts abi li ty to lea rn , as well as the coach-instru ctors ability to teach , any given skill. In thi s writ ers previous articles he dealt primari ly with what mi ght be termed Men tal Readin ess, in that it provided through word s, desc ripti ons, pi ctures and sketches mean s to assist th e reader to und erstand the va rious components of specific skill s. Compon ent s as timin g, body position, rotation, angles of force, etc. Psychological Readin ess is possibly more co mpl ex and the least und erstood of any of th e readin ess cat ego ri es. Dealing with attitud es, des ires, fea rs, and a net wo rk of many emotional fact ors is diffi cult to pin down. For th e purpose of learning skills, it is th e dee p urge to excel, show off, to be "better than the next guy." Physically Readiness- possessing the "raw mat erial s" to brin g the skill off . Include. strength , fl exibility, endurance and coordination. . All three of th ese compon ent s can be found, in varyin g degrees, in all levels of gy mnasts but realize that . . . the READINESS TO LEARN, to achieve and to ex cel is directly proportional to the degree that each of these components is develojJ ed in each individual. Thi s then is the purpose of this new series of " Carbon Copy" article s, to exemplify th e necessi ty of readin ess and exten d a few id eas that may be helpful to the read er, gymnas t or coach-i nstructor. PHYSICAL READINESS Physical Readiness is geared to all levels of skill learnin g ,the bfog inn er or the " Elite" performer- there is no exception, or distin ction if th e next step on the skill ladder is to be negociated. Let us for the ' moment take a beginning gymnast' attacking the problem of un eve n bar ma stery. The coac h mi ght say, " Let's have a go at the kip. " Throu gh a verbal description , possible physical demon stration or through the use of film the beginner is given the mental " Know how" of the specifi c skill to be att empted. Even through manual assistance, "spotting" dev ices nlld other techniques are employ ed to "carry" th e gymnast throu gh th e stunt or give her the " fe el" of it . . . she still can't bring it off. The required move ments cannot be coordinated eff ectively, perhaps du e to in suffient strength or the range of moti oll is hamp ered due to in suffi cient fl ex ibility. She is not, physically ready. The elite performer, even the national

champi on, mi ght well find a defi ciency in physica l readin ess in isolat ed situati l) ,lS. For example, she may wish to include a new stunt , such as the " straddle swing to a hand stand ' 'on the balance beam (see MG Ap ril '64) or perhaps merely go the UltImate in extendin g her forward sw in g in th e glide kip. In th e form er it may be lack of arm st rength specifi c to the movement ano in the latt er it may have stomach, should er girdle or wrist strength inad equacies. In tim e, each of the skill level perform ers cit ed, would master the given skill throu gh repetition of the路 movement , refin ement s in coo rdiation and in developing th e strength specifi c to the movement. This co uld tak e day s, weeks, month s and even years. The elite performer sometimes does not have that needed tim e between major co mpetiti ons and tea m trial s. T o catch up to and to pull ahead of our European fri end s, a short cut mu st be ava il abl e to physical readin ess, fortunat ely th ere is that short cut available and merely must be appli ed to women's gy mna stics.

BOOK REVIEW SHORT CUTTING PHYSICAL READINESS

" Two Man Isometric Exercise Program For The Whole Body" By: Robert R. Spackman, Jr. R.P.T., M.S. a Wm. C. Brown Co., publication Bob Spackman, Athl etic Trainer and Assistant l:'rofessor of Physical Education at So uth ern lllin ois University , cond enses the. years of hi s ex perience in the fi eld, bringo to th e public a practical, useable se ri es of isometric and "stretching" exercises that can be adapted to all sports, but in particular, women 's gy mna sti cs. One of the better Isometri c Exercise text3 in print, is technically a key to the development of the stren gth aspect of phy sical readiness for gymnasti c learning, as an -3iJ to improve the performance of the elit e' gymnast. Spackman states, " All aCllvJtles, sports and occupations req uire a cer tain amount of strength . Up to a point, the mor(; strength one has the better he will be able to perform ". F urther he indicates, " the stron ge r ath lete usually is the better athl ete wit h a long, injury free, career. " It may be indicated that a pro gram of Isometric Contraction exercises not only assist in physical readin ess but can al so be of remedial in nat ure. Th e remedial effect of an " Ie" program ca n be illustrated usin g Dale McClements, top U.s. Woman sco rer in Japan. Dale cam e to S.L U. with a shoulder injury whi ch limited from parti ci路 pating in the first Olympi c trial held in Saraso ta last Christmas vacation. Through the use, und er the supervi sion of trainer Spack-


man , of supersoni c so und trea tm ent , hea t and the prescription of iso metric strength 路 enin g exercise s pecific to th e injury she regained the needed streng th and painl ess range of should er moti on necessary to per路 form effective ly and co nfidentl y. Furth er simil ar exa mples wi ll be ci ted during th e seri es of articles devoted to thi s subj ect. Certainl y, the gene ral read er may rega rd the "Spackman work ", as an " IC" prog ra m des igned for men. Fur ther cr iti cs of t he " IC" system or a ny strength system usual dwell upon mu scle bod y in crease. The l C system produces bulk or mu scl e size in far less proportion than a program of a ll aro und gymnasti cs, its desing is to increase power not muscle size. The Spackma n book is designed for men but it is full y adaptabl e to women's sport s improvement. Th e book now recommended , " Two Man Iso metri c Exercise Program for the Whole Body", by Spackman is a series of illu strated exercise, period. Ex ercises of resistan ce na ture are po inted to the strengthenin g of specifi c muscles a nd muscl e groups th a t when stren gthened will assist our performa nce in th e specific skills for which th ey were empl oyed. Our problem, yo urs and min e, is to adap t these exercises to specific womens gym nastic mov ement s. The subj ec ts used for illu strati on in Spackman s tex t a re Fred Orlofsky, 1960 US II'I en Olympic tea m, and Chuck Ehrlich, 1964 CAA S till Ring Runner-up. As a matt er of fac t, the slight framed Ehrlich, gives grea t cred it to th e iso metr ic exe r cise program in th e developm ent of his specific still rin g strength. The illu strati ons, pro vid ed through t he co urt esy of the Wm. Brown , Publishin g Co., g ive two exer cises whi ch adapt quite easliy to women's needs_ Foll ow in g a rticles in thi s seri es will illu strat e female gymnast in a few of th e iso metric exerc ises whi ch make add itional app licat ions based upon their specifi c needs. Note : Copies of the test review ca n be purchased d irectly through Mr. R. Spackman Jr. c/o the Dept. of Men's Athletics, So uth ern Illin ois University, Carbondale Il linois, or through th e Wm. Brown Publishing Company, 135 So. Locust St. , DeBouque, Iowa. Illustrated now are four I sometric exercises, selected at random from th e Spackman "IC" guide, to adapt to " Physical Readin ess" for the KIP. S pec ific strength needed in th e shoulder girdl e, abdominal region and additional holding and controled action of th e hip , ba ek and thi gh area. These exercises, as illu strated , show only development of a specific area that one would like to strengthen.

EXERCISES Description Chest Exercises- Pull your arms straight down toward your hips: a. Raise your arms di rectly overhead with your elbows straight, palms up, and the back oj the hands on the jloor. b. Y Ollr partner grasps your wrists and attempts to hold th e backs oj your hands to the jloor, as you lijt your arms to go down to your sides, resisting j or six seconds . Arrns straight. c. Switch positions with partne r. d. Each man does the exercise thre e times . THIS IS T HE F IRST PHASE OF T HE AR?vI-C H EST-SH OULDER ACTION OF T H E GLIDE KIP , YOU W ILL F I ND THAT IN GIRLS THIS IS THE WEAK RA l GE OF STRENGTH , THE FIRST 15 to 30 degrees OFF THE FLOOR. Gives indication that th e full ex tension of the glide, th e tru ely bea utiful long sw in g ac tion, is imp oss ibl e with out thi s initial strength in thi s range of movement. I n isometri c exercises we find that th e exe rcise, as a bove, mu st be repeated at var ious positi ons throug hou t the comple te movement ran ge to deve lop complete movement power. Thi s will be illu strat ed grap hi ca ll y in th e followin g arti cles in this se ri es but as an exa mpl e for und erstanding now , it is sugges ted that th e suggested exe rcise be repea ted, one se t of three, six seco nds of res istan ce each, a t fiv e different positions t hrough th e full ann movem ent that is used in execut in g a kip . As r esistan ce for floor to 30 degrees, from 30 to 45 degrees; from 45 to 60 degrees. 60 to 90 degrees a nd th en from 90 degrees press ing down with th e arm s at corres pon din g interva ls until a nn ac ti on of th e kip is co mpl e ted. Yo u will find yo ur grea test strength from th e 90 deg ree positi on pressing down a nd anothe r very wea k pos iti on on th e last 15 deI'rees just before th e arms reach th e thi ghs. Might give add it ional indication why some girl s mu"t " lay" into the bar to comp lete the kip and thu s have diffi cult y to com bin e effecti ve ly with other gy mnastic movement s as hip circles, castin g to long han gs, or to free hip circl es. A bdominal Exercise- In these exe rcises we will indicate that the partner gives resistance to the perjormer. Tha.t each exercise is given six seconds oj resistan ce and repeat three times. Similar to th e rtbove description, the gymnasts and coaches must SELECT SPECIFI C POS ITIO NS THRO UG H THE COM PLETE KIP MOV EMENT TO MA K E THE " IC" ACTION EFFECTIVE TO THE TOTAL R ANGE OF M OTION. To fur th er illu strate how " Two Man Isome tr ic Exercise Program for the Whole

Body", th e man ual by Rob!'rt R. Spackman, can be adap ted to deve lop "P hys ical Read iness" for the women gym nast, one add iti ona l exe rcise ha s been in cluded to dep ict how you, coac h or gy mnast, may li se your ima gination, ex pe rience a nd background to deve lop exercises to me et yo ur spec ifi c needs. Ba.lan ce Beam. : How man y tim es have yo u att e mpted to maint ain yo ur balance or seen a gy nm ast a tt empt to hold balan ce by the altern a ti ng co ntracti on and/or r elax in g th e upp er trunk. In ex treme situati ons, th e gymna st lock her hip s an d thi ghs and waves the u pper body in "w ill ow tree' fas hi on. Examp le- ca rtwh eel . . . wo bbl e, wobble, from sid e to sid e etc. P erhaps th e lateral holding strength of th e trunk plays an im portant ro le in thi s exampl e. On e side, through normal everyday use is stronge r or wea ke r th en the other. Wh en we are called to hold a stati c positi on one sid e off se ts th e oth er and we "wobbl e" in co mpensat ion. The follow in g exe rcise may ass ist in th e developm ent of thi s la teral str ength. EXERCISES Description Lateral Sit -up : a. Lie on your right side with your right ann across your chest. The lejt arm raised to the side ior balance. h. Y Ollr partne r sits straddling your thighs ior stabilization. c. 路Raise you r lI.ppe r body ojj the jloor laterally as high as possible. d. Your partner attempts to push you down to the ground with his hand on the side oj you r chest, resisting jor six seconds . e. Switch positions with partner. ./. R epeat on each side three tim es . Thi s introd uction to " physical read in ess" fea turin g the man ual , " Two :'> 'lan Iso metri c Ex ercise Progra m for the Whole Body" by Hobert R. Spackman, shall be followed by a ser ies of sim il ar ar ticl es whi ch should assist th e reader to tai lor an "IC" program to fit specific needs of the indi vid ual. It sha ll illustrat e some direct adaptation s of th ese exercises to the women gymnast a nd suggest some remedial wo rk th at may help in th e prevention and recovery of injury. On e mu st k eep in mind that in addition to th e development of " physical read in ess' it is an exerc ise progra m that cim be included in a daily worko ut situation wi th a very bri ef alloca ti on of time and eli minates th e awkward , cumb ersome and oft considered, unlady like, bar bell trainin g. Th e only requirement is a small amo unt of tim e, conse ntrated eff ort, a nd a bit of im aginati ve-professional thinkin g in the selection, adap tati on and use of th e I sometri c Ex ercise program.


TUCSON CLINIC We wer e very impressed with the 1964 Tucson Gymnastic Clinic. This was our third year at Tucson and each year the clinic im· proves tremendously. Attendance has grown by leaps and bounds and yet instruction seems to ge t better as years go by. George Hery handled trampoline classes this ses· sion and an excellent job. Most of our group are new this year and had n ever witnessed a big meet. In addition to seeing top performers throw big tricks, the height, control and form made quite an impression on . them. They have shown a great deal of enthusiasm toward learnin g since their return. And - Io and behold- because of the clinic, a group of our boys have decided to take ballet training. We have been · urgin g them in thi s directi on for some time but it took Mi ss Grace Kaywell's ballet classes to ge t t hrou ah to them th e importance of this typ e of training for tile gymnast. Highlight of the clinic for trampolinists was Frank Schmitz's double defeat of Danny Millman . Frank performed beautifully in the Eas t-West Meet to beat Millm an by .05 and then did even better in open competltlOn and won by a larger margin. F ollowin g are notes on trampolinists in attendan ce : Frank Schmitz Frank was fanta stic. He was great last year but he is really sharp this year . In practi ce he turn ed two triple backs in swing three different times. First two he touched his hand s on the bed in landin g but on th e third attempt he came out standin g up. Then he turn ed a barany-in, triffis (baranyback-back ) and finally, in the heat . of ·th e workout, performed a full twi stin g 2% back (back with full-back- % back). ' His co mpetitive routine seemed easy after watchin g the workout. He mounted with a triple back , middle of his r outine contain ed double backs in swing and twistin g somersault s performed high, with good form in center of trampoline, and he fini shed with a full-in fliffi s to stoma ch back with full twist-% back ), doubl e cody. Th e r outine had ample difficulty and was perform ed beautifully.

28

Danny Millman Dan performed a respectable trampoline routin e but simply was n ot in top shape. H e has devoted most of his time to All Around lately and has neglected the trampolin e. To be a top contender on this apparatus one must devote some time to it every day. Dan's routin e started with a Rudolph-out fliffi s (doubl e front somersault with a 1 % twi st in the second somersault ) used a 2% back somersault in the middl~ and, like Frank, ended with a full-in fliffi s to stomach, double cody. He had planned to use a piked double back and expected to pike the full· in fliffi s but didn 't have enough height or control to manage it. Dan's one consolation was that he placed 9th in a fi eld of some 30-odd All Around men ( includin g some Olympian s) at · the cl ini c's open competition. Dale Hart This was our fir st opp ortunity to see Dal e perform. H e twists so well on e can easily mistake his qu ad twi st for a tri ple. He perform ed back with full , double, triple and quad twists in swin g ( in th at oTd eT) several times. H e also performed this month 's "Unu sual Trick" for us a couple of times. When he develops a styl e and acquires more precise form he will be hard to beat. Rich McCabe Rich has gained quite a bit of control sin ce he was at the CAA nationals in Los Angeles last sprin g. H e is workin g high and WIth good form and n eeds only a little more diffi culty in order to place high in this year's national s. Mi ckey Snap When Mickey Snap cam e to Tucson he had only a double back, barany out fliffis and a back with a full twi st in t ~, e way of difficulty. However, he had worked these stunt s into a routin e, workin g hi gh and with good form , and looked lik e a champ. While at the clinic he learn ed a Rud olph and back with double twist. Beca u£e of hi s desire and ability to learn we pick him as the boy at the clinic showin g th e most potential. Many Others There were quite a numb er of trampolinists there just learnin g stunts, some fairly difficult stunts in some cases. On e bcy turned a triple back with the aid of a kick (or kip ) from a friend . Many were youn g and not too concerned with form and routin es, but this is how most trampolinists start. We were surpri sed to find such a large number of these youn gsters from Denver. There should be some great trampolini sts fr om that area in a few years. Again we'll say-we were impressed with th e clinic. If you are a gymnast or are interested in gymnastics and haven't attended, try to get there next year. It will be well worth your time. TRAMPOLINE TEAM from La y fa yette, La. , supplied bulk o f trampolini st s for NorthSouth meet at recent Sarasota Clinic. From left to right: Jim Anderson 3rd· Newton Elbertson, 6th; J im Yongu~ 1st: Don Waters, 4th. David Jacobs of Amar~ illo Texas, was second.

JAPA NESE All J apan Trampoline Championships, sponsored by J ap an Gymnas tic Federation, ,~e r e held last Nov. 11 at Osaka City GymnaSIUm, J a pan. Competiti on was li ght due to the fa ct that the Gymnasti c Federati on has a minimum age of 18. There were 13 men and 7 women contestants. Winn ers were : Men- 1st C. K ato, 9.5; 2n d . R. Ogata, 9.45; and 3rd T. H asegawa, 9.4. Women- 1st M. Omote, 9.0; 2nd Y. Noda, 8.7; and 3rd K. Murakami , 8.6. Competition was held on a l -%-inch nylon web bed. Kato's winnin g routin e was ba ck with full twist, layout back, doubl e ba ck , back with double twist, back, 1 % front with % twi st to stomach, cody, back with double twist, back, doubl e back. T . Hasegawa performing at the All Japan Trampoline Champio nships . W omen in background are performing team exerci ses.


ROD P ACK We can hear r eaders saying . . . "W hat can sky d ivin g possibly have to do with gymnastics or trampoline ?" Well , it's this way . . . Back in 1957, our fi rst year in business, we were givin g lessons on an improvised pit trampolin e iQ back of our store when a yo un g man d oing some carpentry work a coupl e of doors away saw the acti vity, cam e in a nd signed up for lessons. His nam e was Rod Pack. H e was unbeli eva bly coo rd inated and learn ed r apidly. For example, when he was r eady to learn a % back so mersa ult he not only lea rn ed the % ba ck but al so learn ed to swing out of it wi th a cody . . . all in th e same hour lesso n. Wi thin a yea r R od was t urnin g big tri ck s. He was first of our grou p to learn a tr iple b ~c k, and thi s was in 1959 when tr iple backs we re very scar ce. His cody wi th a triple twist was also the fir st we had seen. He work ed exce pti onally well forwa rd fro m hi s back and wo uld q uite oft en swin g three full twistin g double porpus (doubl e fro nt so mersa ult fr om ba ck drop to back dro p with full twist in first somersa ult ) . H e actu all y perfor med four of these in swin g but we had for gotten this when we quoted only three in " Unusual Stunt or W il d Routine" Se pt-Oct. 1964 issue of M.G. In 1960 Rod fell in love wi th water sk iing and we saw very l ittle of him th at year. After wa ter sk iing came sky diving. H e r eally went all out for th is sport. H e jumped more th an 300 tim es in one year, aver aging almos t one j ump a day . H e enj oyed jumping so m uch tha t he alm ost enlisted in a br anch of th e arm ed forces in order to be on a sky divin g exhibition team. In add it ion to t ra mp oline, wa te r skiin g and sky divin g, Rod r ides motorcycl es, unicy cles and horses, swi ms, dives, races boa ts and cars a nd ' we felt he shoul d make use of th ese tal ents. We suggested he try to become a movie stu nt man a nd when he expressed inte rest we asked a co u ple of fri end s to hel p him get start ed. H e wa s a natural for the bu siness a nd did well fr om the begin ni ng.

Rod Pack Sky Diver

About a year ago he came in an d said , " I've thought of a grea t stu n t. I've go t to try." H e figu red he could jum p out of an air plane WITHO UT A PA R AC H UTE, pick one up fro m a fellow sky d iver, put it on a nd la nd safely. We d iscussed the stunt and no matter how we tri ed to disco urage him he was cert ain he was goin g to a tte mpt it. We mentioned R od's id ea to som e of our close fri end s, many of whom expressed doubts a bout his sanity, but when month s went by with no more menti on of it we ass umed he had give n it up . Then, as fat e wo uld ha ve it, one of our fri ends was talkin g to pr oducers of a television documentary call ed " T he Bold Men" whi ch has to do with people who make a livin g risking th eir li ves a nd th e jump was mentioned. The T V peol ple tho ught it was great and call ed Rod. If you saw Jan . 15 issue of Life Rod Pack T rampolinist

Ma gazine yo u kn ow that th e jump was mad e a nd tha t it was successful. R od made some minor adjustments on his para chute harn ess so th e ' front ( reserve) chute coul d be sna pped q uickly into pl ace a nd th en made half 'a dozen practice jumps, takin g the chute fr om his par tn er, Bob AlIen, a nd snap pin g it into place. F or th ese jumps R od had hi s regular chute on his back. Sin ce he had only on e chute and Bob had th ree, th ere wa s some concern about th e weight di fferen ce. T o comp ensate for thi s, Rod used a 30 pound weight belt in the actu al jump. Th ey planned th e jump a t 15,000 feet but the plan had too much gas to reach tha t height so ' they went a t 14,000. T he tem perature in the pla ne befor e the ju mp was two below zero. Bob had in stru cti ons not to let go of the chute un til Rod had it securely in hi s grasp so when Rod grabbed it Bob wouldn't let go. Rod had to nod OK befor e Bob would release it. Th e wind again st th e chute was quite a probl em, but th e real dan ger was keepin g bala nce while hookin g th e chute in pl ace. 11 hi s head went down (or feet u p) he would somersault out of control and proba bl y lose th e chute. F ortun a tely, all we nt well and Rod made it with tim e to s pa re-a few second s at least. An d so, as for th e conn ection bet ween trampolinin g and sky divin g .. . most sky d ivers go out of cont rol at one . tlme or a nother when they learn to sky dI ve. R od P ack never did . We like to think it was beca use of his tra mp olinin g that he is so well orient ed and ha s so mu ch control in the air. UNUSUA L ST UNT OR WILD RO UTI NE Rand olph out f1iffi s (doubl e front. somer sault with 2 lj2 tw ist in second somersa ult ) performed a t th e Tucson Clinic by Dale H ar l of So uthern Illin ois Uni versity. RECORD OF THE MONTH , 16 doubl e por pus (double front som ersauli from back drop to back dro p, sometimes call ed double bail out ) performed a t Tucson by Albert Heinrich of Denver, Colorado .

Any News? Send IWW S () f int er",t to tr a mpolini :; t, to J t's" J{obi m on. c/ o Tr amp olin e In c .. 4207 \i:ei't \J ai!l1olia Bl vd .. , Burba nk. Ca lif.

29


CALENDAR OF EVENTS

IIWHAT'S THE

SCORE?/I

Sail

I:ly Jerry Wrigh t State College

Frallc i ~co

March 3 Wed March 5-6 March 5-6 March 5 -6 March 6 March 6 -7 March 13 March 20 March 20 April 2-3 April 3 April 16- 17 April 17

by Jerry Wright Eastern IntercoJiegiate Championships South . Intercollegiate Champi o nship Big Eight Cham pionships Big Ten Champ ionships Calif . State College Champ ionsh ips W estern Athletic Conference NCAA Reg ionals (West) Pasadena Notional Inv itational Co llege Div ision NCAA Univ ersit y Div isio n NCAA YMCA Notional Championships USGF Notional Champi onships Nev ada State Championships

Temple Univ ersit y Georgia Tech Bo u lder, Co lo rado Univ of Illinois Sacramento, Calif. Br igham Young Univ . Pro vo, Utah Son Jose State College Pasadena City College Muncie, Indiana So. II I. Uni v. Carbondale, III. Berkeley, Calif . YMCA Na shv ille, Tennessee Reno . Nev ada

WESTERN OPEN GYMNASTIC CHAMPIONSHIP DI D YOU KNOW THAT? Compulsory exerci ses were not used in National Open Championship meets in the United S tates until th e 1927 rules listed and explained th e compulsory exercises that would be used for the next championship meet {presuma bly · the 1927 meet}. With com pulsory exercises to be performed in each of the all around events except calisthenics (fI~r exercise) only one optional required -o pen only to all-around performers-with a tim e limit of not more than 2% minutes}. Th e' height of the long horse, by the way, was to be set at four fee t.

DID YOU K NOW THAT: Although the offilcial r ecords do not show it the first national championship on the trampoline was won by J ames Garner in 1947. The tram polin e event was held a s a special even t during the 1947 AA U championships hosted by the Dallas Athletic Club and their coach, Charlie P ond, and drew 10 entries. The tra mpoline was not recognized officia lly until the 1954 National AAU championshi ps a t which time the event was won by Robert Elliott of the Maveri ck Boys Club of Texas. In the meantim e the trampolin e was contested as a special event with Robert Schoendub e of lVlichi gan winning in 194B, Ed sel Buchan an of Michigan winnin g in 1949 and 1950, it was not held in 1951, then Frank LaDue of Iowa won the special event in 1952 and Ri chard Gutting of Florida State cap tured th e title in 1953. Tramp olin e rul es have changed signifi cantly, as on e might imagin e, in the short hi story of the event. {thi s writer wo uld greatly apprec iate any co rrecti ons that might be in ord er concernin g the followin g inform ation- also any dates th at might be sup plied} . In the fi rst years of competition a trampolin e performer was given 45 seconds in whi ch to perform a routin e (that is equal to about half aga in as lon g as a present day 11 stunt routine will last. ) This was changed to three r outin es of B contacts each with a 10 second rest between the second and third routin es. This rul e was th en chan ged to one that specified th at two routines wo uld be required with 10 contacts in each routine and with a 20 second res t between the two routines. T his was consequentl y changed to one routin e of from 10 to 12 contacts and this has now evo lved to our present system in whi ch the rul es specify that a ro utin e should consist of eleven prin cipal parts.

30

SAN FRANC I SCO STATE COLLEGE Host : Jerry Wright Errati c performances, r efl ectin g the early season, were witn essed by an alarmin gly small audience (350) at the Western Open Gymnasti c Championship meet held November 21 , 1964 at San Francisco State College. Th e fin als brought together the top six qu alifi ers from the afternoon preliminaries, making for a fa st moving, hi ghly enjoyable evenin g of gymnastics. Ray H adley, former Big 10 all-around champion gave, what was probably one of his best all around per fo rman ces in regis· tering a 52.90 {B.B ave.} total to win the A-A in addition to qualifyin g for the final s in all six all around events. Dan Millman , led a surprisin g well conditioned University of Californi a contingent {look out for his team in the NCAA this year }, after qualifyin g 4th , treated the crowd to some spectacular tumblin g (such as straddle jump to imm ediated full twistin g front fall) , but had many small form break s whi ch allowed Dan Garcia to tie him for first with a steadier performan ce. In the next event, the Side Horse, Rusty Mills, presently a graduate stud ent at Stanford Uni versity, barely squeeked out ahead of Hadl ey with an un easy performance that ended with an impromptu fall off . Whereas Hadley completed a fine routin e that neverthe-less did fall short of equalling Rusty. On th e trampoline Dan Millman was in a class by him self. Scott Gardiner of Sacramento St. fini shed well ahead of Steve Southwell for second place in a weak fi eld . . Th e parall el bars proved to be one of the highli ght s of the evenin g with Hadley performin g an exce ptional routin e ( in refl ectin g back it seems as th ough he had too many peach baskets-something like three or four ) to barely edge Dan Garcia 9.6 to 9.5 (i n the preliminaries Ray performed a bea utiful routin e only to be informed by the judges that th ey hat! mi ssed half of it becau se he failed to wait for them before performing- he then rested and repeated doingan unbeli evabl e sequ el. Bob Hyde and Rick Field tied fo r third at 9.0 to suppl ement a strong fi eld . Ri ck Field, of Cal. , then turn ed 'in a stron g routin e on still rin gs topping a group of good perform ers on a bad set of rings. J osh Robison, also of Cal., moved from 3rd in the prelims to 2nd and Ed Clark of Pasadena City captured 3rd with an off balance routin e-missin g a handstand. The Lon g Horse brought to a focal point the a bility of newcomer Sid Frudenstein of Cal, thi s is a fin e all-around gymnast and an excellent tumbler and vaulter. On hi s two hecht vault s he traveled so far on his fli ght lfter th e push he _almost · cleared a 20 fo ot mat (und er control) . In addition to Sid,

Dan Millman showed the audience a Yamash ita with a full twist. _ Appropriately enough the fin al event, the hi gh bar, proved to be th e best performed and . the most exciting. Ray Hadle.y started off ' with a fin e routin e and registered 9.05, John Morrissey was next with 9.15, Dan Garcia followed, after deciding to p erform in spite of a bad rip, and registered 9.2, Bob Hyde was next and totaled 9.25. Rusty Rock then created a stir with a beautifully exec uted, and tremendously difficult routine only to miss his underswin g di smount to front somersa ult. The judges th en fla shed hi s score a 8.75 which was gree ted by enthu siastic boos from the audience. Lonnie Ka pp of Cal, (former Deaf Olympi cs high bar champion ) , however, proceeded to make th e crowd forget about Rock with an eye openin g routine that included double german s Takamo to to vault, and a very good hecht for a well. deserved 9.4. To top the evening Bill Vincent wondered where th e Ameri can Flag was for the openin g ceremonies-Touche ! JLW Offi cials ; J ames Bosco, Roy Davis, Jim Gault, Don Nelson, Howard Moorman, Chuck Naylor, Jack Smith , Karl Byers. Added Note: For the information of others it might be noted that a 1 inch thi ck wrest· lin g mat was used for floor exercise and many competitors expressed their approvalno on e expressed disapproval. All-Around : Ro y Hadley, Unatt ., 52.90 ; Don Ga rci a, Unatt ., 4 9. 95; Ri c k Field, Un., 49 .95 ; Sid

Fru edenste in ,

Un .,

49.30;

Lonn Ie

Kapp,

Un .,

49. 15; Bo b Diam o nd , SF V SC , 48.65 . Floor Exercise: Dan Millman , 9.2 ; Don Garcia , 9 .2; Bob Diamond . 9.05. Side Horse: Rusty Mill s, ?2; Ro y Hadley, 9. 15; Bob Vlatch , 7.85 . Trampoline: Dan M illman , 9. 1; Scott Gardiner , 8 .55 ; Stev e Southwell 7.7. Parallel Bars : Ro y Hadley, 9.6 ; D~n Garc ia , 9B. 5; Bob H yde, 9 .0 ; Ri ck Field , 9.0. Still Rings: Ri ck Fie ld , 9.4 ; Josh Rob ison , 9.2; Ed Clark, 9.05. Long Horse: Fruedenstein , 9.35; Millman , 9. 15; Garcia , 8.5 5. High Bar: Lon nie Kapp, 9.4 ; Bob H yde, 9.2 5; Dan Garcia , 9.2.

CAMELLIA BOWL INVITATIONAL Sacramento State College Host: Irv Faria A comfortably large {750 } audi en ce sat through an uncomfortably long (4 hours) evening of gymnastics that saw the judges scores flu ctuate almost as much as the per· forman ces at the Camellia Bowl Invitational Dec. 5, 1964. In spite of the fa ct that two events were run at one tim e the evening dragged on and on and on with as many as 32 entries in each event.


9.15; . Dan Millman, 9.1; Dan Garcia, 8.95. Trampoline: Dan Millman , 9.5 ; Rae Anders, 8.5; Perry Hayden , Nev . 7 .9 . High Bar: Rust y Rock, 9.55; Ra y Hadley, 9.5 ; Dav e Smith, 9.35. Long Horse: Larr y Topping , 9. I ; Dan Millman, 9 .0; Sid Fruedenstein, 8.9; Armando Garcia, 8.9 . Parallel Bars: Dan Garcia , 9.45 ; Ray Hadley, 9.45; Lonnie Kapp, 9.4; Bob Diamond , 9.05. Rings: Rick Field , 9.5; Josh Robison, 9.2; Bob Diamond, 9 .0.

San Jose meet host Irv Faria pr:esents meda l to Roy Hadley Parallel Bar winner

with runner - ups Paul

Newman and

Millman sharing trophy All-Around Champ.

Ray

MEET RESULTS All Around: Ray Hadley, Unatt, 54. 10; Armando Garcia , 50.55; Lonnie Kapp , Cal , 50.25; Bob Diamond, SF V, 50.15; Rick Field, Cal, 50.05; Sid Fruedenste in, Ca l, 49.40; Dan Garcia, LAST, 48.65; Dan Millman, Cal , 48.65; Enrique Garcia, LAST, 48.30; Larry Topping , SSC,47.15. Side Horse: Ru sty Mills, 9.65; G. Housten, 9.4; Bill Law ler , 9.3. FlcgJr Exercise : Sid Frued e nstein ,

w ith

Dan the

SAN JOSE INVITATIONAL MEET RESULTS Floor Exercise : Sid Freudenstein, Cal, 9.25; Dan Mi ll man, Cal, 9.2; Ray Hadley, Unatt, 9.05. Trampolin e: Dan Millman, 9.3; Scott Gardiner, SSC, 8.5; Steve Southwel l, Unatt, 8.3. High Bar : Lonnie Kapp, Cal , 9.35; Ray Hadley, 9.25; Sid Freudens tein , 8.8. Parallel Bars : Ray Hadley, 9.35; Paul Newman, Cal, 9.0; Dan Millman. 8.8. AII Around: Ray .Hadley, 53.40; Sid Freudenstein, 51.35; Rick Field, Cal , 50.55; Lo nn ie Kapp , 49.25; Dan Millman, 48.85; Larry T opp ingl SSC, 46.05; Rich Chew, SJS, 45.85. Side Horse : Ray Hadley, 8.85; Rusty Mills, Unat. 8 .6; Rick Field, 8.25. Long Horse: Sid Freudenstein, 9.4; Dan Millman, 9.3; Ray Hadley, 9 .1 . Still Rings : Ri ck Field, 9.3; Josh Robison, Cal. 9.15; Bruce Worsham . .Cal , 8.85

Hadley

Ray Hadley apparently was the only competitor who could withstand the late hours as he again led the field with a 9.0 average for 6 all-around events (after leadin g much the same fi eld two weeks earlier in the Western Open), and stay in g in the top 5 in each even t. There was no team title up for grabs but it seems ap propriate to point out that gymnasts from the University of Cali fornia grabbed off 9 trophies, Los Angeles State 5, and San Fernando Valley 4, with 4 tropphies go in g to unattached performers ( just a co upl e of years ago there were almost no unatta ched performers- a sign of growth up north). Ru sty Mills led the Side Horse field with an excellent routine to brush aside G. Hoskin s, L.A. State Freshman 9.65 to 9.4, to illustrate how th e performances flu ctuated the two routin es that followed Mills scored 5.0 and 4.25 ) . In third place was Bill Law路 ler 1962 lCAA champion (quite a respectabl e fi eld ). Sid Fruend enstein forward somersaul ted hi s way in and out of . troubl e to win th e floor exercise edging teammate Dan Millman and L.A . Stater Dan Garcia. Dan lVlillman was again the class of th e fi eld on th e trampoline-outscoring hi s nea rest opponent 9.5 to 8.5. Sacramento Freshman Rae Anders, however, showed a great deal of potential in registering hi s 8.5 for second place. Ru sty Rock (9.55) hit his dismount this time and grabbed off the high bar title in a close contest with Ray Hadley (9.5) who , afl er fallin g off th e bar on his back in the preli minaries, almost clearing the mats in the process, execut ed a beautiful routine in the final s. Larry Topping (S acramento State) surprised th e local fan s with a fir st place finish on th e Long Horse, upsetting favorit es Sid Freud enstein and Dan Millman . Dan Garcia ca ught up a littl e with Ray Hadl ey on Jh e parallel bars as th ey ti ed for first at 9.45 barely edgin'g Lonnie Kapp (9.4) wilh Bob Diamond third at 9.05). Rick Field fini shed off the long weary even ing by outdistan cing average fi eld of rin gman- scor in g 9.5 to second place Josh Robi son's 9.2 and third place Diamond's 9.0. Offi cial s : Roy Davis, Jack Smith, Bob Dunning, Don elso n, Chuck Naylor, Curt Rebh an, Howard Moorman.

stand

FOUR CAPTURE TOP HONORS IN 5th ANNUAL FRESNO CITY CHAMPIONSHIP MEET .

Rick Fie lds

SAN JOSE INVITATIONAL Host: Clair J ennett The University of Californ ia and Ray Hadley were charged with forming a monopoly after ganging up on the San Jose Invitational at San Jose State College Dec. 11 , 1964. With Ray , a graduate student at Cal, the University of California won the fint four of the five places in every event except th e trampolin e and side horse. Hadley led the way with win s in the all -around, parallel bars, and side horse (over Rusty Mills). Sid Freudenstein captured the Floor Exercise and the Long Horse with good strong scores. Lonnie Kapp (high bar), Dan l'vlillman (trampolin e-who else) , and Rick Field (rings) brought home th e other first places. Hats off to Clair Jennett as thi s was probably the most effici ently run of the three lorthern California pre-season meet s. In summing up the three meets it is apparent that: 1. The University of California is loaded with fin e gy mnasti c tal ent. 2. Sid Freudenstein, Dan Millman, Rick Field & Lonni e Ka pp are go in g places in a big . way this year. 3. Clair J enn ett , Irv Faria, and J erry Wri ght deserve a )land for providing these North ern California gy mnasts more ea rl y season co mpetition than any other gy mna sts in the coun try will enjoy.

Ava Ichimoto, Linda Hamby, Danny Garcia Jnd Ferni e Porras are the individual all around title winners of the fourth annual Fresno city wide gymnastics championships in the McLane High Schoo l gym. Two defending champions, Manuel Trevino and Janell Haskett , y ielded their titles to Porra s and Miss Ichimoto in the 13-15 age group. Miss Ichimoto and Miss Hamby set a precedent for the city meet, taking first place in all four of the all around eevnts, including free exerci se, uneven parallel bars, ba lance beam and vaulting. Garcia is a junior at Roosevelt High School and although he has placed in individual events in previous meets this is his first all around title. Porras is a student at Sequoia Junior High and is a veteran of the city meet, although it is his first all around title, Trevino was third. Miss Hamby is a student at Wishon Elementary School but has been among the top three in each of the previous meets. Miss li:himcto attends junio r high school in Caruthers. This marks her second participation in the meet. Miss Haskett was the runnerup. Mrs. Wanda Obradovich, director for the meet, stated "the qual ity of the performances was the finest in the history of San Joaquin Valley gymnastics competition." Boys 16 and over: lst, 2nd & 3rd Places Respectfully . Tumbling : Mike Eidson (R), Larry Trevino (R), Roger Torigian (R) . Trampoline: Tie between Russ Brooks (R) and Dan Garcia (R) , Leroy H oskins (R), Gene Uhart ( R). Sidehorse : Bob Bibb (R), Hoskins (R), .Garcia (R). Vaulting: Garcia (R), Uhart (R), Chuck Williams. Parallel Bars: Brooks (R), Garcia (R), Richard DeRos!! (R) . Free Exercise: Brooks (R), John Merrell (H ), Garcia (R). Rope Climbing : Benny Semonian (R), Don French (R), Brooks (R). Tumbling : Ga rcia (R), H oskins (R), Brooks (R). 13-15 Age Group Trampoline: George Silva (Seq), Mike Hoskins (Seq) , Manuel Trevino (Seq). Sidehorse : Fernie Porras (5), Richard Porras (5), Davis Boos (5). Vaulting: Silva (5), F. Porras (5), Gilbert Mendez (5). Parallel Bars: R. Parras (5), Mendez (5), M. Trevino (5). Free Exercise: Jim Weese (5); Si lva (5), Mendez (5). Rope Climb : Silva (5), F. Porras 路 (5), Mendez (5), M. Hosk ins (5). Tumbling : Silva (5), Mendez (5), tie between Mike Carr (5) and Weese (5). 10-12 Age Group Trampoline : Eidson (5), Kirk Sorenson (Utt), Mike Martinez (5). VaUlting : M. Eidson (5), Martinez (5), Lorry Tre v ino (5). Free Exercise : M. Eidson (5), L. Trev ino (5). Rope Climb: M . Eidson (5), L. Trevino (5), Stephen Cann y (L.V.). Tumbling : M. Eidson (5), L. Trevi no (5), R. Tori-

~f.7s

(tk

and Over Free Exercise : Diana Ham by (F.C.C.), Peggy Miller (Mc), Frankie Meddock (Mc). Trampoline : Barbara Kavan (F.S.C.), Susie Lawless (Mc) . Balance Beam: Kavan (F.S.C.), tie between D. Hamby (F .C.C.) and Miller (Mc), Lawless (Mc). Tumbling: Kavan (F.S.C.), Lawless (Mc), D. Hamby (F.C.C.), Greene (Mc). Vaulting : Kavan (F.S.C.), Meddock (Mc), D. Greene (Mc).

31


13-15 Age Group Free Exercise : Ava Ichimoto, (F .G.C.L Joan Kidder (F.G.C.), Linda Santoyo (Seg). Trampoline: Santoyo (Seq), Lindo Farrare (F.G.C.), Kidder (F.G.C.). Balance Beam: Ichimoto (F .G.C.), Gail Troisi (F.G.C.), Wi lkens (F.G.C.). Vaulting: Ichimota (F.G.C.), Al ice Aschenbrener (Mc), Viv ian Twogood (Mc). 10- 12 Age Gro u p Free Exerc ise: Lindo Hamby (F.G.C.), J anell Haskett (F.G .C. ), Sandy Wray (F.G.C.). Trampoline: L Hamby (F.G.C.), Karen Hudson (Seq), Deana Causey (Seq). Balance Beam: L. Hamby (F .G.C.), Haskett (F .G.C.), Wray (.G .. ). Uneven Parallel Bars: L. Hamby (F.G.C.), Wray, (F.G.C.), Haskett (F.G.C.). Tumbling : L. Hamby (F.G.C.), Haskett (F .G.C. ), Wray (F. G.C. ). Vaulting : L. Hamby (F.G . C.), Haskett (F.G.C.), Wray (FGC.). N ine And Under Free Exercise: Sharon Wr ight (F.G. C.), tie between Charlene Miller (F. G.C.) and T eresa Wright (F .G.C. ), Chris W ul f (F .G. C.). Trampoline : Dona W inter (Seq), Harriet Bend roski (Seq), Patti Deroian (Seq) . Balance Beam: Tie between S. Wright (F.G.C.), and Cindy Hudson (Seq ), Wulf (F.G .C. ), M ill er (F.G.C.). Legend of Initials: Seq.-Sequoia Juni or High Sc h oo l R-Roose ve lt High Schoo l L.V.-Our Lady of Victory Schoo l Mc-McLane High School F.C.C.-Fresno City College F.G.C.-Fresno Gymnas tic Club F.S.C. - Fresno State Co ll ege Utt-Unattached H-

H oove r High Schoo l

Kentuckiana Gymnastics Federation OLYMPIC DEVELOPMENT MEET Th omas J e ff erson Hi gh Sch ool H ost: N icolaas Wiese II is a pl eas ure to record th e r es ults of Ih e K I GF I Kentu ck y·lndiana Gymn asti cs f ede ral ion I season ope ne r. Glad 10 h ea r frum that area finally. Thank yo u Cap Caud ill uf th e down town Y \I CA PE d e pI. fu r lak in" Ihe tim e 10 do Ih ese kid s a favor.

J LW Senior High and Open Resclts SO YS l' umblil1g: Tomm y Rister , T u r; Ted Morrison, Tur; Jim Mabe, YMCA. P. Bars: To m Rister, (t ie ); Jim Cosh , (tie), YMCA; Jim Mabe. Voul ti i H~'l: t. ~!

Ted Morrison; Jim Mabe; Jim Kessler , Tur.

Aro u nd: Tom Rister, Jim Cash , Jim Mabe, I' ed Morrison , Jim Kessler, Larr y Koch, YMCA. GiRLS Tumbling : Carol e Shepherd, YMCA; Carol Penningto n , Dur; Connie Boyer, Our. Balance Beam : Carole Shepa rd; Vicki Cap le, YMCA; ConBoyer. Vaulting : Sheperd; Cap le; Boyer. All Arou n d: Shepard; Caple; oyer ; Penn i ngton ; Sylvia Ka iser, Urs; L inda PBropus, YMCA ; Dee nIe

Bowles, YMCA. Junior High

BOYS Tu mbling:

Larr y

Larimore,

Tur;

Chip

Miller,

Tur; Ke!l t Mcintosh, YMCA. P. Bars : Mcintosh , Mitre,;

Ke vin Tayl o r , Tur.

Vaulting:

Mcintosh;

Ke.o Nally, T.J. ; Ted Bowman , T.J. A ll Around : Mcintosh ; Miller; Ta ylor; Larim ore; Bowman; Jim Brown, YMCA. G!RLS Tumbling: Debbie H o well, Sen; Patt y Murrell,

YMCA; Mary Peake, Tur. Joy Decker, Our;

Bal.

Be am:

Howe ll ;

M. Peake. Vaulting: P.

Elementary School

BOYS Tu;-nb l i ng : Tom Morrison , Tur; Barry Greenwell ,

G.L.; Jeff Mcintosh, G.L. P. Bars : David Ha yes , G.L. ; T . Mor ri son; Mike Robinson, tie; J. McIntos h , tie. Vau lting: J. Mcintosh; B. Greenwell ; Alle n Whi tte nburg, St . My. A ll Around : J. McI:otcs h; T. Morr ison; B. Greenwell ; M. Robinson;

Hayes,

G.L.;

A.

Whittenbu rg;

Be"

Hard y,

Tur.

GiRLS Tumb lin g : Suzie Applegate , Tur ; Adele Gleves, Tur; Sheba Alsip, G.L. Bal. Beam : G. Clark; S. Applegat; A. Gleves. Vaulting: S. Applegate; A. Gleves; G. Clark , G.L. All Around: S. Applegate; A. Gle v es; G. Clark; Sharon Rogers, Tur;

Belshoff , Tur ; Cindy

Jean

Law rance, G.L.

Beginners

Be yS (55 entr ies) Tumbling: Mike Ragsdale, (tie ), Dur ; Mike Williams, (tie ), G.L.; Roy Klopheke , Tur; David Fulkerson, Our; Kenneth Rose; Gary Unover . Vuulti n g: Ron Kendall, T J; Ki r ch Smith, T.J.; M. Raqsdale; G. Onover; Danny Danders. G.L.

32

mond;

D.

Arms;

B.

Fields;

F.

Hensley;

Pam

House; Dur; V. Holbrook; Linda Ho lb rook, A.W.; X:wAI,en; Diane Ward, T.J., Debbie Redfern , KEY-

Louisv ille YMCA-YMCA; Louisville Tur-

s~;JE ~~~iE rJ.ho mas Jeffersan- T.J.; Durrett-DUR;

NEW YEARS OPEN GYMNASTIC MEET by Robert Francis The first annual gy mnasti c meet, sponsored by the First Presbyt erian Church , wa s held Sa t urd ay, J a n uary 2nd , in Cha r· leS ion , with 24 con testa nts compe ting for all·aro und trophi es and individual even t rib· bans, The meet prove d to be a gr eat success and enthusia sm was shown throughout the area with en tries from Ashland , K entucky, Huntington and Charles ton , W. Va. taking part. Plan s are now und er way for another larger me et to be h eld in April , and it is hoped ·t ha t man y of the gymnastic enthu· siasts of the area will plan to compete. Co mpul sory rou tin es were performe d in every event d uring the 1110rning session and optional rou tines were p erformed during th e aftern oon session. w ith tota l scores be· in g the determin in g fac tor in select in g win· ners. An y boyar girl , high school age or und er , interested in enterin g the spring meet may obt ain information and co mpul· "ory routin es from '\IL R ober t A. Fran cis, Ac ti vi li es Direc tor, Fir s t Presbyterian Church, Cha rl es lon or :\,lr. Lloyd P eterso n, Y ..\I.C.A .. Hunti ngto n , West Virl!inia , ' Res ult s of Ih e meet are as follow s : BOYS A ll -around wi nners: 1. Dick Kitchen; 2. Cloy Nease; 3. Jim Elkin; 4. Marne Minor; 5. John Casto. Individual

Events

Trampoline: 1. Cla y Nease; 2. John Casto; Jim Elkin. Tumbling: 1. Cloy Nease; 2. John Cast o; 3. Hal Frampton. Vaulting: 1. Jim Elkin; 2. Clay Nease; John Cast o. Floor Exercise: 1. Dick iKtchen; 2. Clay Nease; 3. Jim Elkin. Ri n ~)S: I. Dick Kitchen; 2. John Casto; 3. Marne MInor.

High

Bar:

Barry

Chafin;

John

Cast o;

Costa; 3. Dick Kitchen. P. Bars : 1 Dick Kitchen; 2. Barry Chafin; 3. Marne Minor . GIRLS A ll -Around winners: 1 Ingrid King; 2. Sally Dailey; 3. Mary Lu Morton; 4 . Lynne Williams; 5. Sue Reynolds. :r.div idual Ev e nts Trampoline: I . Ly nne Williams;

2.

Mary

Lu

Morton; 3. Barry Bock. Tumbling : 1. Sall y Doilel; 2. Sue ReYnolds; 3. Mary Lu Mo rt on. Vou ltin9.: 1. Mary Lu Mo rton; 2. Ingrid King; 3. Sally Deliley. Flo o r Exercise: 1. Sally Dailey; 2. Sue Re /nolds; 3. Ingrid King. Unev e n Bars: 1. Mary Lu Morton; 2. Ingrid King; 3. Ly nne Williams. Balance Beam: 1 Ingrid King ; 2. Lynne Wi!Ii01"" s; 3. Sally Dailey.

THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OF ST. lOUIS AND ST . LOUIS COUNTY FINAL RESULTS 10 and Under Age Group Boys Tumbling: J . Seitz, T. Granville, B. Duem ler . Parallel Bars: J. Seitz, C. Robey, B. Duem ler. Vaulting: J. Seitz, B. Brune, C Robey . Hori zontal Bar: T. Gra nville, B. Duemler, J '/4 Womack. Girls Tumbling: S. Gonterman, J. Breckenridge, K. Widman . Parallel Bars: J. Brec ken rdige, C. Volke r, C. Cox . Vaulting: S. Gonterman , C. Cox, B. Obremski. Balance Beam: S. Gonterman, J. Breck 2nridge, K. Widman. 11 and 12 Age Groups Boys -rumbling : J. Granville, T. May, K. Ja gels. Para ll e l Bars: R. Br ind le y, J. Granville , T. May. Side Horse: J . Granville, C. Duem ler , T. Ma y . Va ulting: R. Br indley, B. Robey, T. May. Horizonta l Bar: B. Robey, R. Br indley, C. Trampier. Girl Tumbling : K. Gon terma n, D. Paska l, D. Fiel ds . Uneve n Para ll e l Bars: D. Paskal , D. Fields, T. Knackstodt. Vaulting: D. Paskal, K. Go nte r ma n , W.

Bartarbou.

Ba lanc e

Beam:

K.

Gonterman,

D.

Fields, K. Schillinger. 13 and 14 Age Group Boys Vau lting: M . Merriweather, J. Steitz, P. Merriweather. Side Horse: B. Hauhart , J. Blakey, B. Lore . Horizontal Bar : M. Merr iweather, F. Sei t z, P. Merri weath er.

Parallel

Ba rs:

8.

Ha uB.

hart, P. Mer r iwe ath er, F. Seitz. Still Rings: Hauhort, F. Se it z, M. Gree n . G irl s

Uneven Parallel Bars: D. Podgormy, J. Gran ville, D. Waddell . Vaulting : D. Podgormy, K. Cox, J. Granville. Ba la nce Bea m: D. Podgo rmy, J.

Granville.

15 - 16 · 17 and in H .S. Age Group Boys Para ll e l Bars: B. Spath , J. Harris. Vaulting: B. Spath, J. Harris. Girl s Fl oor Exercise : B. FergUSOn, J . Paskal. Un even Para ll el Bars: C. Parsons, T. Loehr, S.

Clark. Vau lt ing : S. Parsons, S. Clark. Beam : T. Loehr, C. Parsons, S. Clark .

NEW JERSEY WOMEN5

Balance

INVIT ATIONAL

Results of the 2nd Annual Women's I nvitationa l

Gymnasti c Competition held Dec.

12th a t the

Fa n w oo d-Scotch Plains YMCA New Jersey. '".v om e n 15 and over Floo r Exe rci se: Geraldine McFadden Philo

Po .; Ellen Babuska, Newark, N.J.; Suso~ Th om~

son, Wash., D.C . Unevens: Geraldine McFadden' Ellen 8abuska; Susan T ho mson. Bea m: Elle ~ Ba~uska; Ge~aldine Mc~adden, tie Diane Kalfus, t!e, MontclaI r , N.J. , tIe; Beverl y Johnson, A r Ilngtcn, Va. Vaulting: Ma rg ie Sims , Wash.,

D.C.,

Susan

A ro un d:

Thomson;

Ge,-aidine

Ellen

Babuska.

McFadden

The

All

Monnettes

Philo., Po. , Ellen Babuska So'kal USA Newa r k' N.J.; Susan Thomson , C~ntral Branch YMCA' Wash., D.C. ' '13 and 14 yea rs o l d Vaui t ing: . He len Moore, Philo., Po., L inda Monaco, Union City, N.J., Judy Bellam v Scotch Pla ins, N.J. Fl oo r Exercises: L inda Beyer: Wash.,

D.C.;

Helen

Moore,

UnIon City, N.J.

Philo.,

Po. ,

P.

Rossetti,

Un eevns: Helen M c ore'

Diana

Gord r: er, Phil., Po.; Judy Bellomy. Beam': Helen Moo re;

L inda

Babuska,

Newa r k,

N.J .;

Janet t e

Weppler, Irvington, N.J. All Around: Helen Moore, The Mannettes, Philo ., Po. ; Judy Bellam y, Fanwood, Scotch Plains PMCA Scotch Plains,

N.J.;

Patricio

Rossett i ,

Hudson' County

Co-eds, Union City, N.J . 3rd

An nu a l Youth Gymnastic spo nsored by

Competition

Fanwood-Scotch Pla ins YMCA Scotch Plai ns, N.J, RESUl TS BOYS

Mur-

rell ·;M. Peake; D. Ho well. A ll Around: P. Murrell; D. Howell; M. Peake; J. Decker; Pot Fl oyd, Tuc; Donna Meridith, YMCA.

D.

AI! Around: Mike Ragsdale; M. Williams; Ron Kendall.; G. Unaver; K. Smith; Stewa rt Morrise y, Dur; Dick Bowles, Tur; Bru ce Whitworth, T.J.; D. Fulkerson; Randy Crosthwaite, Cov. GI RlS (6 1 en tri es) . Tumb lin g: Lindo Ra ymond , Sm . Y.; Billie Fields, T.J.; Dorothy Arms, G.L.; Virginia Holb rook, A. W., Vicki e Allen, G.L. Vaulting: Susan Meuter, Dur; Faye Hensley, G.L.; D. A rms; L. Raymond; Lindo Fr y. All Around: L. Ray-

Bovs 9 and un der

ST. LOUIS YMCA MEET 1965 .\Ietropolitan Y.\IC.\ Boys and Girls Gym nastic .'IIee t By Paul Schultz .'II etroJlolitan Progr am SecretaryPhys ical Educa ti on Eighty boys and girls en tered th e S I. Louis Y_\I CA's .'IIetropolitan Gymnastic .\ Iee l, Sa turday, January 30, 1965, The meet was held at Ihe Downlown Branch Y.\lCA . The parti cipant s r ep resented s ix Y branches - Caronde le l, .'IIid ·Counly, North S id e , P age Park, So u th S ide, a nd SOll th County Di;;i· sion. Thi s was the firs t formal Y.\I CA com· pe lition sin ce the rejm'enation of thi s ac· ti vity am ong the int erested bra nch es a year ago.

Buck: 1. Walter Sju rsen, Scotch Plains, 2. James Rachalis, Westfield, 3. Bobby Saull, Newarke. Para lll Bars: 1. Ronnie Mona r o, A t James Rachalis, 3. Bobby Saull. Floor Ex ercise : 1. . Walter Sju rsen, 2. James Bellamy, Scotch Plains , 3. Bobby Saull. Boys 10-11 - 12 A ll - around 1. Pierce Wagner, Clnn , 2 Perr y

Ownes, Ne~a r k, 3. Jimmy Hill , Clilna Parallel Bars: 1. PIerce Wagne r , 2 . Perr y Owens, 3. Jimm y Hill . Rings: I. Perr y Owens, 2 _ Pierce

Wagner, H.o rse :

3.

Ma rch

Holland,

1. . Pierce ~agner ,

2.

Westf iel d . Perry

Side

Owens, 3.

Jimmy Hill. Tumb ling : 1. Pierce W ag n er , 2 . DaVid Gazek, Scotch PlainS, 3. tie Bruce Vir-

gens,

Carlstadt,

Jimmy

Hill ,

Cinnam inson.

Boys 13 -1 4-15 A ll-around : 1. John Owens, Newark, 2 Anthony Tarsitono, AtlantiC City, 3 Robert Chura, Ne~ark ..

Parallel Bars:

1

RonnIe Monaro, At-

lantiC City, 2 . Robert Chur, 3.

Anthony Tar-

sitano . Long Horse : 1. John Owens, 2. A. Tarsitano, 3. Robert Chura. Rin gs: 1. John Owens,

2. Robert Chura, 3. Anthony Tarsitano. Trampoline: 1 Cla y Seifert , Mo rr istOW n , 2 . A. Tarsltano, 3. DaVid Hobar t , Scotch Plains.


Girls 9 and und er Buck Vaulting : Rosanna Wagner, Ci nnaminson, NJ . 2. Lynne McGarry, Cin naminson, NJ. 3 . Nancy Sju r sen, Scotch

Plains, NJ. Tumbling: I. Rosano Wagner. 2. LY n n McGarry. 3. Susan Peterson, Mt. Holly, NJ. Floor Exercise: Susan Pete rson. 2.Re Re McMcGarry, Cinn. , N.J. 3. Nancy Sjursen.

Girls 10-11 - 12 All -arou nd : I. Jud y Cardozo , Scotch Plains , NJ. 2. Ju lie Fa bi, Mt . Holly, NJ. 3. Tie Teri Herod, Newark, NJ . Kathy Yeo, Elizabeth, NJ. Vaulting: J udy Cardozo, Mary Re ichle, Ir vington, NJ. 3 . Teri Herod . Ba lan ce Beam: Julie Fabi. 2. Teri Herod. 3. Judy Cardozo. Floor Exerc ise: I . Julie Fa bi. 2. Jud y Cardozo. 3 . Kath y Yeo. Tumbling : I . Judy Cardozo. 2. Mary Reichle. 3. Kathy Yeo. Girls 13- 14 All-around: I. Patty McGarr y, Ci nna. NJ. 2. tie Miche le Vaughn, Cinn. , NJ , Ju dy Bella m y, Scotch Plains. 3. Sue M il ler, Scotch Plains, NJ. Floor Exercise: I. Patty McGarry, 2. Judy Bellamy. 3. Sue Mill e r. Unevens: I . Patty McGa rr y. 2 . Michele Vaug hn. 3. Sue Mi ll er. Beam: I. Patt y McGarry. 2. J udy Bellamy. 3. Michele Va u9hn .

th e hor izonta l bar a nd Barbara Gallaghe r (So uth ) won the flo or exen:ise wit h a 9.20. Also includ ed in t h e prog ram was a S paceball matc h won by the So uth team of J oh n St illi ons Cedar Rapid s and P at Winkle, London, 7-5; Dave Jacobs, Amar illo, Texas and Gary '\ Iendenh all , Pensacola, Florida compe ted fo r th e Nort h. Live commentary for th e m a tch was provided b y Ed Cole , Ch icago . M e mbers of the No rth S quad were Judi Len tz, Kath y Gleason, Kris Gillette, Ju dy Cross, Joan Moore, Geraldin e .\'I cFad d en, !'I 'l a ry C urrens, Barbara Ru sse ll , Don Tonry , A rn o Lascari , D on Wa ters, Hank Waters, Ed Isa belle, Jam es Amerine, Greg S peck, Frank P orter , Tom Arneson , Larry Kebber, Ed S tim , J ollll Hart , Dave J aco bs, D on S piker, Ga ry M e nd e nh all a n d Coac h Erik Kj e Jdso n. M e mb e rs o f the So uth Squad incl uded Barbara Gallagh e r. S ue M c Donnell , Pam Lo re nze n, Barbara R odkey , ~Vlarilyn Gle ndin in!!. S usa n Lon!!. !'I'larsha Hunt er, Mari an ne ~ bavi s, Ji m Cu llhane, Jim A nde rso n, N e wton E ll e rso in , A bie' Grossfeld, J e rry Geo rge . Bobby Faye, Jimm y Yo un p:e, Ri c ha rd Ll oy d , A ll a n K evles, We s McVay and Butch Hasse . ]\1f' n ' s A ll Around

1. Arno Lascari. Sacramento, Cal.. S5.30; 2 .Ed Isabe lle. Sprin )!f ie ld. Mass .. 54.00; 3. James Culhan e . Roche ster. !\".Y ..

;;4.40;

4.

J ames

Amerine.

Lake wood.

Cal.. 49.A5 ; 5. Jerry George, New Or-

lean s. La. , 49.35; 6. Don Spiker. Balti· more, Md .. 37.10.

Arno

Lasc or i

SARASOTA CLINIC AA U T eam Trial s to Se lect Na ti onal T eam LA SCA RI AND GLEASON WIN I NTER NA TlO\lAL TE A}I TRIAL S F orm e r 7vlichi gan U ni ve r ~ it y gym nast: Arno Lascar i o f Sacram ent o, Ca lifornia and l 5-year old Kath y Gleason of Buffal o, New York led the way in th e m en 's and wome n's divis ions r especti vely in th e off icial trial s to select the AAU tea m to com pe te agai nst Great Britain and We st Germ a n y. Th e top three m en and women qualified t o com pete in the m ee ts ne xt .\'larch . Lascari captured first place on the sid e horse, parallel bar and horizo ntal bar , and was second in the lon g horse, tied for second in th e rin gs and cam e throug h wit h a third in th e floor exercise to win th e allaround titl e with 55 .30. Seco nd pla ce we nt to Ed Is abelle of S prin gfield , Massachuse tt s w ith a total of 54.00. Jim C ulh ane wo un d up third , thank s to vic tories in flo or exe rcise and Ion!! h orse . '\I iss G leaso n ~von th e wo men's all-around with a 35 _30 po int tota L w innin g first place in th e un eve n parallel bar a nd s id e h orse eve nt s, a ti e for fir st in fl oor e xerc ise and a seco nd in balan ce beam _ G er aldin e iVlcFadd en, Philad elphi a wa s second w ith a 34 _90 foll owe d b y Barbara Galla g her o f New Have n. Co nn ec ti c ut wi th a 33.90. Hi sto r y r epeated itself Tuesday n ig ht, Dece mbe r 28, 1964 wh en th e N orth d efeated the So uth . . . n ot in civil wa r or a fo o tball bo wl ga m e, but in a gy mnastic m ee t .. . 51 ·45. The No rth- So uth meet has been a tradi ti on at th e Na ti onal G ymnasti c Clini c sin ce th e cl inic s tart ed 14 years ago. With both team s even ly ma tc hed , th e mee t us uall y is a clo se one. Don T onry and Arno L ascari of th e Nor th T eam sta rt ed thin gs o ff wi th vic tori es in th e S id e H or se and Parallel Bars. After Jim Y uon g (So uth ) took th e Tramp olin e eve nt , Ka th y Gleason of th e No rth wo n th e un even pa ra ll el bars over S usan McDonald of th e So uth , 8.95 to 8.80. Abie Grossfeld (So uth I fo ll owed w ith a s u perb 9.80 in

;\ I t' n ·~ Floor E);t'rci~~ CulhCine, 9.!O· 2. Isabelle. 9 ;5 : 3. 4. Amerine , 8. 05; 5. G€: OI" £e . 8.05; 6. Spike r. 6.1:1. Men's LonJ;: Hor ~e

L ;:;~c aj" i. ~.OO ;

l. Culhane, 9.2.0; 2. Laseari . 9.l.j ; 3. Isabelle, 9.05; ·L Amerine, 8.75; 5, Spiker. 8.25 ; 6. George . 8.15.

!\fcn ' s Rings

1. George, 9.15; 2. <t ie) Amerine, Las· cari and George , 9.05 each; 5. Culhane. 8.50; 6. Spiker, 6.55. Men's Si de Horse 1. Laseari, 9:30; 2. Isa belle, 8.70; 3. CUlhane. 8.65; 4. Amerine. 8.15; 5. George. 7.60 ; 6. Spiker. 5.75. !\fen'5 Parallel Ban 1 Lascari, 9.45; 2. Isabe lle, 9.20; 3. Cult ane, 9.00; 4. Amerine. 8.50 ; 5. Geo rg e, 8.30; 6. Spiker. i.IS. Men's Horuonta l Bar I . Lascari , 9 35; 2. (tie) Culhane and I sabell, 8.85 each; 4. George . 8.10. 5. Ame rine, 6.75; 6. Spiker. 3.25. Women'~

~.

All Around

1. Kath y Glea son . Buffalo, :\'. Y .. 35.30;

Geraldine McFadden , Philadelphia. Fa ., 34.90; 3. Bar bar a Gallaher. New Han'n , Conll .. and Dallas, Tex., 33.90; 4. Barbara R usse ll, Buffalo. :\" . Y .• 32.ti3; 5 . .\ iari an ne DaV is, We!lesle.v H ills, Mass .. 30.73; 6. Karen Li ve ly. Baton ROIlJ!e.

La., 28.00. Wom en's Side. Horst> 1. Gl eason. 9.40: 2 <tie) !\1cJi'actden and G all ah e r. 9.10 eat-hi 4. Davis. 9.03; j. i\-1aI'Y CUIT Pn<.;, Glenarm, Md .. 8.33.

Wnmr.n's 8alanc e Te am 1 McFadden. 8.60: 2. Gleason. 8.30: 3. Gallaher , 8.20: 4. Ru ssell, 8.03 ; 5. Bank-

son, 7.20 ; 6. Karen Li'·el y, Baton La ., 6.90.

Rou~e.

Wom cD'~

t !l1t'\"en Bar~ 1. Gleason. A. i O; 2 . :vIl'Fadden . S.60; 3. laher. 7.;0: 5. Ru ssell. Bu ifa lo, N.Y., 7.60; Kris Gillett!." , Timonium. Md .. 8. 10; 4. Gal· 6. !tie) Kri~ Keuler, Cinnaminson. ~. J., and Judy Cross. Timonium. Md ,. 7.30 each. Women's Flool'" EXPrcise 1. (tie) Gleason ann Gallaher. 8.90 each: 3. RusseU, 8.70; 4 (llel McFadden a.nd Da vi s, 8.60 ; 6. Marie Bankson . Bltle ~!ound, TIl.. 8.()I).

1964 NATIONAL CLINIC R e port b y Gordon L. Eggleston The 1964 lati onal Gymna sti cs Clini c h eld it s annual Juni or Olympic Developm ent C hampions hip s a t Saraso ta , Fl orida. A large numbe r of promis in g yo un g gymnas ts turned o ut fo r th e yea rl y C hri stm as holidays clini c a nd, as is th e c us tom , th ose des irin g to d e mons trat e th eir ability were present ed th e opport un it y to do so by e nt e rin g th e Juni or O lym pic D ~ve l op ll1 e nt m eet co mp e titi on.

Un de r the d irection of M r. and Mrs. R udy Bac hn a. th e mee t was organized and ca rri ed o ut with m ax imum eff iciency. Using a host of jud ging talent avai lable, it was possilJle to avoid a dragged o ut meet through the execution of fou r co mpetitive station s all o pe ra tin g s imul taneo usly. The meet was divided in to two rart s : a morning sess ion composed of semi -fina ls _ a nd an evening sess ion th e foll owin!J: d ay for the firs t 6 place qualifiers from each eve nt. T he All Around event winners for the 1214 age d ivisio n (both for boys and for p: irl s) we re determined from those scores received for co mp e tition of th e semi -final s only. Also, in s uch ca ses where 6 or less compet it ors we re e nt ered in the se mi-final s. s uc h event com pe tit ion was run upon a fina ls bas is. Thi s yea r. like pas t years. found a g rea ter q uantity o f g irl s competi n g in th e 11 and und e r a nd the 12-14 year old divi sio ns. th an boys. Th e fin ali sts in eac h indi vid ual eyent co mpeted for fir st. second and third place hono rs w ith th eir fin al score for an even t con s isting o f th e total score recei\'ed fo r hoth th e ir -se mi- fi nals a nd fin al ro utin es . "[edals we re awa rd ed to th ese firs t three place w inne rs in each e\·en l. a nd a tr ophy was pres€ntt'u to the winner of th e _-\11 Around ne n!. GIR~S

DIVtStON -AGES 12 - 14 All A round: Marcia Hunter, FM, 64.6; Becky Brown, BM, 57 . I; Emily Stevens, FM , 56.B. BOYS DIVISION-AGES 12-14 A ll Around: Joe Gorst , MH, 70.7; Dove Naukam, BF, 66.7 ; J oe Caplick, BT, 59.1, Allen Saka m oto . A, 59. I. GIRLS DtVISION-11 Years & Und er Floor Exercise : Alice Beau, BM I, 33.9; Joan Moore, M, 31.2; C indy Strum , BMI, 30.5; Jen nife r Diachun , ST , 27.B; Mary Troutman, TL , 22.3; Sharon Rogers, TL, 21.4. Ba lance Beam: Cindy Strum, 2B .7; Alice Beau , 26.1; Adel Gleaves , TL , 23.B; Sharon Rogers, TL, 22.B; Blythe Bauer , B, 23.6 ; Claudia Fizell, W PB, 23.4. T umbt in g: Alice Beau, 30.9; Blythe Bauer, 29.3 ; Adel Gleaves, 27.9; Joan Moore, M, 24.2; Sharon Ro gers , 23 .9; Beu Brogan, TL, 23. I. GtRLS DIVISION-12-14 Years Floor Exercise: Joan Lauter , CG , 32.6; Mar-

cia Hunter, FM , 32.0; Em ily Stevens, FM , 30.5; Helen Moor e , M, 2B.B; Becky Brown, BMI, 2B.7; Barbara Bauer , 8, 27.9 . Ba lance Beam: Marcia Hunter , 2B.0; Becky Brown, 27.7; Patty Mc Garry, AC, 25.5; Emily Stevens, 25.4; Dione Chapela , 23.3 ; Lynette Damery, BMI, 22.5. Vau lting: Emily Stevens, 35.9; Ma rc ia Hunter, 34.B; Joan Lauter, 32.2; Barbara Bauer, 32.0; Sandra Garrett, CG, 31.2; Ann Sielski, 30.5. U n even Bars : Marcia Hunter, 32.9; Ly nette Damery, 29.2; Chr is Nichols, CG . 2B.I; Sondra Ga rr e t t, 27.4; Carol Donnelly, WPB, 26.6; Jean McMahon, CG , 26.0. Tumbling: Barbara Bauer, 26.0; Lyne tte Damery, 20.2; Helen Moore, 18.5; Patty McGarry, IB.3; Ann Sielski, 17.B; Clove r J enkins, SC, 15.0. BOYS DIVI StON-12-14 Years Ftoor Exercise: J oe Garst, MH, 2B.5; Sid Farned, BR, 26.4; Dave Naukam, BF, 25.3; Joe Capl ic k, BT, 23 .B; Milla rd Lowery, DH, 20 .0. Para llel Bars: J. Sundquist, Y, 36.9; StephEn Byers, HG, 32.4; Don Runnion, DH, 31.B; Dave Naukam, 31.6; Allen Sakamoto, A, 31.5; Joe Garst, M, 31.0. Still Rings : Joe Gars t, IB.3; Don Runnion, 17.55; Andy Wilson, T, 16.05; Sidney Farned, 13.6; Phi l Kobetz, L, 13. I; Ken Coll ins, DH , 11.25. Sid e Horse: Don Runnion, 26.0; Allen Sakamoto, 20 .5; Dave Naukam, 20.0; Je rr y Presley , IB.4; Joe Garst, 15.2; Joe Caplick , 12.1. Horizontal Bar: Dave Naukam, IB .2; Joe Garst, IB.I; Joe Caplick , 17.1 ; Buddy Nelso n , A, 15.1; Bob Heckl , 13.2; Doug Peters, 11.7. Long Horse Vault: Allen Sakamoto, 31.5; Jeff Gerney, MH, 31.2; Joe Garst, 29.8; Mi llard Lowery, 29.4; Dave Nau kam, 2B .3; Greg Ba rr os, J, 26.2. Tumbling: Jeff Gerney, 32.9; Joe Garst 3Q.9; Sid Farned, 27.2; Troy Mikel l BR, 25.5; Ken Colli ns, 23.6; Mel Hunt , DH 22.3. Trampoline: Newton Emerson, LH , B.35; Tro y Mikell, 6.30; Buddy Nelson, 5.50; Don WatErs, LH , 1.00 . LEGEND FM-Ft. Meye rs, Reo. Fla. BMI-Blue Mou nd, III. MH-Maraoneck H.S., N.Y. BF-Ben Franklin H.S., Buffalo, N.Y. BT-Buffalo Turners. A-Avondale H.S. Decatur, Ga. M-Mannetts Philo. , PA. ST -Sokol Toronto. TL-Turners, Lo uisville. B-Bengstroms; III. WPB- Wc st Palm Beach, Fla. CG-Coral Gables , Flo. f\'~ Aeronauts,

N.).

SC-Sokol,

Cle v e la nd.

DR--

Brec. Rec., Baton Rouge. DH-Du r id Hil ls H.S., Atlanta, Ga. Y-Yo rkt own H.S., Miami. HGDon Ho lder Gym, Miam i. T - Tucker H.S., Ga. L- Lu theran, Baton Rouge. MH-Meadowdale H.S., Dayton, Oh io. J-Jesuit H.S., New Orleans. LH - Lafayette H.S., LA. .

33


Helpful hints c

by "Jim" Farkas, Instructor of Physical Education, of The Milwaukee Turners, Wisconsin

SLOPES Searching, for ways and method s to make skills easily perceivable and learnable for very yo un g children, one will find thatamong other thin gs-a slope will be a wonderful aid to teach numerous tumblin g elements_ Even the most basic tumbling elements, like rolls, can cause problems for a large percentage of youngsters, but a short practice on a gentl e hill-sid e will enable many to learn rap idly many such skill s which ordinarily wo uld req uire a lengthy learnin g process on a hori zontal level. But, of course, to take the advantages of a hill-sid e into a gymnasium, on e will fa ce limitations, yet the different combin ation s 'of ava ilable equipment will be very helpful. These illustrati ons want to point out the usefulne ss of the sprin gboard and mat co mbination for th e learnin g of forward and ba ckward rolls an d the backward hand spring. The shaded figures show the actual movement s on the slope, while the thi ckly draw n fi gures show the # 2 positions if they were done wi th the sa me effort but on a. n or izont al surface. The advantages of the slope are obvious at the first sight. But measurements point out how the slopes eliminate the " hurdles" and thus th e eG os in variab ly pass th e vertical projecti on of sup ports without the slightest effort , in alm os t a co mpul sive manner. This mak es th e use of slopes extrem ely va l uable in elementary P.E. classes.

34


COMPULSORY EXERCISES World's Championships Dortmund - 1966 MEN'S SECTION

BACK OVER-BAR SOMERSAULT DISMOUNT by J erry Wri ght 8 out of 9! ! ! !! I think that is pretty good odds-don ' t you ? Well that is the success our tea m had in learnin g a back over· bar somersault di s· mount with the technique shown and describ ed below. Of the nin e persons who tri ed this technique 8 persons learn ed the stunt as well as that shown in fi gure 4 within about 20 minutes. Step 1. lay across the bars (note pad s on bars) A. Hip s are between the bars (see fi g· ure 2 position from above). B. Head is just outside the bar. C. On e leg straight-other l·eg bent to push with. D. Push with hands until the body pulls the hand s off. Step 2. (see fi gure 3) thrust the legs backward and sid eward rollin g over the one bar. A. H old on with both hand s. B. Keep the head back. C. Pike on the middle. Step 3. Continue the roll until the feet can tact the floor. A. Bring the left hand over to the ri ght bar upon landing. B. Attempt to land in a controlled stand with the left side facing the ri ght bar. Step 4. Attempt the same movements from a sli ght swin g aft er repeating step 1 and 2 several times. A. K eep the arm s straight. B. Swing forward and lean backward until the upper back comes in can· tact with the bar as shown in fi gure three-continu e the pike over. C. Attempt to land in a controlled posi· tion. Step 5. R epeat step 4 several times-until aware of relationship to the bar. Step 6. Execute back over· bar som ersault dismount from medium swing with spo tter as shown in fi gure 4. Advantages: 1. Reduces fear of not cl ear· in g the bar. 2. In stills a great deal of can· fid ence. Disad vanta ges: 1. T eaches performer to lean back with the should ers contrary to goo d techniqu e but this ca n be corrected in a short tim e. Requirements: One should have some par· allel bar ex peri ence although not necessary. On e should ha ve some p revious ex perience with ba ck so mersaults. References : Jack Had erl ey, Olaf Slro:l· meier, J erry Crouse.

Free Exercise I. From a position of attention facing "Oil: lift the heels (raise up on toes) while raising the arms forward and upward and after one or two steps forward dropping the arms sideward, jump f orward with the legs joined throwing the arms forward jump in place (on the spot) with the legs straddled and with the hands touching the toes (straddle jump) to a stand with the arms held freely forward. II. Back handspring (no mention made of rondaded or round-off movement preceeding this) to the right foot , left leg raised rearwards and V2 left raising the arms upward and step left to Swedish fall (right leg elevated), lower and . flex right knee while extending arms and place right foot forward with a 3;" turn to a lunge right (right leg bent and arms sideward. Circle, arms to a side scale on the right foot. - III. lf4 turn left, left leg remaining horizontal to floor , arms sideward (facing "D") and after one to ~ three steps, front somersault to stand. IV. Forward roll ta neckspring to stand, arms eJevated. Y. Straight arm, straight leg press to handstand VI. VS turn left , snap dawn to feet , immediate back handspring to the right foot with a V2 turn left lifting left leg forward with arms raised fore-upward, (Facing "("). VII. placing left foot forward , front handsp ring to the right foot ,left foot raised forward, arms held high and handspring forward to a regular stand, arms held high. VIII. roll backward through a handstand to a front support f immediate supple movement placing the right foot between the hands and I Yo circles of the left leg to a handstand -IX. roll forward to a stand with straight legs, step left and hitch kick (left ·Ieg following right · leg) landing on the right foot, jump to the left foot raising the right leg rearward to a

front scale --

X. % turn right (Facing "B") straightening the trunk and elevating the arms side-upward forward. and down to a regular stand, raise arms sideward (Facing "B"), hop step right and roundoff, back handspring , back somersault to a regular stand. NOTES: Exercise can be done in reverse in part or totally on condition that the two scales are done on oppos ite feet . The diagram provides only a general direction for all of the combinations and movements. Side Horse I. From a stand facing the horse with hands on the pommels . . . Moore mount left through rear support in saddle and II. pass legs under right hand and double rear out immediate double rear in (Stockli) and III. I Yo double leg circles (under right , under left, under right) then undercircle right leg and rear scissors under the right hand followed by a rear scissars under the left hand, IV. pass left leg under right hand to circles (double leg circles) under left, under right then under left hands and V. pass right leg under right hand and front scissors under left hand followed by front scissors under right hand, left leg under left hand and VI. tromlet ou t , double rea r in and , VII. double leg circle in saddle (under right hand; then under left hand) and with weight supported on left arm, legs pass over pommels with % . turn inward to a double front around (Moore facing in to front dismount) fini sh ing with a V2 turn to a cross stand right sideways. Note: Exerc ise can be reversed only in its entirety. Rings I. Pull slowly to an inverted hang, II. flex and dislocate to III . turn rearward in suspension and cast forward to IV. rear uprise to support and turning rearwards in support V. slowly press to a handstand (bent body; bent arms) VI. lower body slowly passing through front horizontal support to back planche VII. dislocate ta flex, shoot and dislocate shoot handstand (Streul i) VIII. roll forward and inlocate to flex IX. swing forward, downward and backward to support . X. turn rearwards in support straddl ing the legs t o dismount under the rings VAULT-Giant Cartwheel Parallel Bars I. From a side stand frantways with a mixed grip (left hand "palmaire") front vau lt over bar to II. peach basket to upper arms and III. front uprise to IV. back pirouette to "L" (pirouette t o right ) V. press to a handstand , legs straddled, join legs - -

35


VI. front pirouette (turning right) and VII. swing forward and Stutz t o hand grips, VIII. sWing legs forward and drop cost to

upper arms

IX. swing rearward and back Stutz to hand support . X. swing to ha~dstand and with supporl' o n righ t arm, V2 turn over bar to cross stand riqht sideways (Ver.da) Horizonta l Bar . I. With a mixed grip (left undergrip swing (small) forward and backward, then swingIng the body high as in a high start, II. swing rearward changing left grip to overgrasp a nd reaching under with t he right hand to a cross gr ip, Y2 turn as body passes over the bar resulting in a mixed grip with left ~and in undt::rgrip, rear vault catch regrasping In re gular gnp. .

III. kip to support (change grips) and cast to I Vo front giants, IV. stoop legs through arms and shoot to dislocate swing, V. release bar to change grips' as the front support position is reached VI. free hip circie rear ways t o handstand and back giant swing plac ing straddled feet on the bar and VII . straddle circie, join legs and Y2 turn left around l.eft arm placing right hand in reg ular grip, sWing down (chest leading) and change fight hand grip to under grip VIII. swing rearward to support and cost t o single front giant, IX. Yo turn left around left arm wh ile crossing the right hand over the left hand, chest leads downward swing and then turning left sWing u p to support with m ixed grip (left hand undergrip) and X. straddle vault over the bar to side stand

reorways.

Note : Exercise can be changed partially or wholly. Further Notes: ' I. Holds are marked by two dashes ( __ ) 2. Tables of penalties for these exerc ises will be available in July, 1965 . 3. Films and d rawings are to be ready by October, 1965.

' ''HA1~'~

NEW OCTAGON SHAPED GYM TRAMP A new octagon shaped gym tramp for vaultln9, cheerleading, and tumbling, has been Introduced by American Athletic Equipment Company of Jefferson , Iowa. ThiS new model is equipped with either springs or ,rubber cables and features new

octagon shaped frome. Th is new model folds easy

transportation

and

compactl y storage.

It

for has

a weatherproof fabric bed so it can be

~sed tIon.

outdoo rs under any weather

condi-

For further informattion request the American trampoline catalog No. 65.

OL YMPIC PRODUCTS Gymnastic and Wrestl ing Specia lists Imported

men

and

women's

gymnastic uniforms. Men's pants and shirts in All WOOLNYLON STRETC H- EXLAN & COTTON. Shirts in any style with hook attachment or step-in model.

Women's leotards in NYLON STRETCH ETAO in si xdifefsnterytU .... sm ... . ETAOI in six differen t sty les. All-Leather ha nd guards- three sizes All-Around Gymnastic shoes-canvas up.

pers-composi ti o n soles

Apparatus

All-Leather

rubber soles.

shoes with

CZECH?

RUSSIAN?

GERMAN ?

SWISS?

Dear Glenn: I f eel that possibly a few comm en t s are in o rder concern ing the paper presented by Don T OI1l,), in the Dec. 1964 iss u e on "S id e Hor se Movements ." I am sure that a ll gymnasts and side horse perfonners in particu lar apprec ia te his attempt to translate th e F.I.G. gibbe ri s h into a clear , s impl e, conc ise, and meaningfu l termino logy . However I feel that h e may h ave adde d some confu sio n of his o\"n wh en doing the trans-

la tion. Ini tially a BACK-OUT has long been kn ow n as a STOCKLI in most of th e c.o untry and t hu s n o real· redu c tion in termin o logy ha s b ee n gain ed (alth ough BACKOUT is a mOre desc ripti ve nam e and could ju s tifiably be u sed). Thi s s ubs titution left !:;'1'OC KLI with no meaning. so Don (or the F.I.G.) c hose to call a KEHRE- I N, I{EHRE-OU T o r vice versa (a very d e sc r iptive nam e for the sequence) a STOCKLI. A s a r esult the STOCKLI now h as two rnean ings but who kno\vs whi c h one is bein g re fe n'ed to. A sinlilar situati,on a lso occ urs with the SIDE-TRAVEL and TROlVlLET or TRAlVILET with t h e SIDETRAVEL replac ing the TROMLET (w it h advantage). I-Io\vever the c on s iderable TROlVlLET b eca me a TRAlVILET and was u sed to des ig nate a SIDE-TRAVEL. full c irc le, KEHRE. Agai n confusion. '. The CZECH was used to d eS ignate what traditio n ally has b ee n known as a MOORE throughout thi s co untry, but to what ad va ntage? CZECH certa inl y is no 1110re desC "iptive nor less comp li cated (although it ce rtainly pl eased t h e Czechs). 'When I h ear the nam e GERMAN I natura ll y think of a h orizo ntal bar 1110 Ve, n ot a LOOP on the s id'e horse. In this case a LOOP is far mor& descriptive than GERMAN and h as no c hance of b e ing confused w ith a h orizontal bar 111 0 ·ve. Possibly a 111 0 1' e d esc riptive name would be MOORE-ON -THEEND, but thi s is much more cumber some an d is n ot prese ntly u sed in thi s cou ntry. Finally the name SWISS has been u s ed to m ea n on e of the four poss ibl e HOPTURNs, an d one of the l esser use d ones at that. Perhaps FRONT-HOP-TURN , REVERSE - TWISTING - BACK - HOP TUR N, etc. would b e more d escriptive. In conclus io n I woulc1 like to add my e ndorsement to Don 's comments abo ut the ratings of diffic ulty . Obviou s ly these ratin gs were ln ade by 58111eone \\'ho had n ever d o ne ve r y much wor k on th e s id e horse, someo n e who is completely out of date, or s orneone who h ad on ly 111inor aCC0111pli s hments in the event. Any acco mpli shed and c urre nt p e rformer knows a BACKMOORE, a RUSSIAN, a nd a REAR"SIDETRAVEL are in a c.o mpletely different class of difficulty from a MOORE or a S IDE-TRAVEL , LOOP . Yet th ey are worth the same in th ese ratings. In additio n the ratings are tota ll y inconsi stant with rea lity. For example , if a MOORE is :l "B" p a rt, then a MOORE comb in ed with anything e lse is going to be bette r and s hould be rated as s u c h (but is not). Further exanlpl es are ev id en t , i.e., bvo "A " part s C0111b in ed llutk e a "C" part \vhil e two "B" pa rts c0 l11bi ned still 111ake one "B" part, but are too nUll1enous to 111 e ntio n. Per haps a pan e l of true experts o n th e s id e horse s hou ld be asse nlbled to nanle individu a l moves and set valu es fo r these moves and estab li s h a s ingle ' rule fOl' rating the value of all com binations of these s ing le Inoves. Sincerely, James L . Fairc hild Trona, Californi a

OLYMPIC PHOTOS Dear Mr. Sundy: I h ave just fini s h ed reading the Decemb e r issue of th e Modern Gymnas t . I was p leased to read the fin e a rti c le on s ide horse work and also the pictures of comp e titors on the h or se. I espec ia lly liked the two page pi cture of Ce raI' on t h e ho rse. I was wo ndering if you kn ow where I can g'et SOlTIe pictures of Cera r and others on th e horse. I a lll a U niversity of lVlassa chusetts freshman and I think tha t pictures of fanlou s gynlnasts on the horse and a ll the oth e r a ppartus would stimU late o ur tean1. Any infoJ'lllatio l1 on pi c tures of anyone wou ld be app ,'ec ia t ed. Sin cerely, Robert Leclair, New Bedford Ma ss ED . A s we have the negatives at the office for most of the Olympic ph ot os used in the MG, 8 x 10 p r ints are avail ab le fOI' $1.25 eac h to cover cost of printing a n d mailing. or $1.00 each for orders of -;-ive or more pictures.

STUNTS vs. SKILLS D eal' Editor, A s the n atio n's leading gymnastics magazine editol' may I request your coo peration in s uggesting to all of your reade r s - es p ec ially our tea c hers, coach es, and gynlnas ts-to e li minate a nd avoid the use of the terms. "tricks" and "stunts" in t h e ir d escriptions o f exercises. routin es. ~.nd les son s . It is r egrettab le that so m any of our coll eagues r esor t to the u se of these t e rms wh e n \vriting professional articles. According to vVe bster, th e term, "stunt" is a co lloq ui a l and s lang, "something done fo r a thrill, to attract attention • . . .'.' Th e tel'm, "trick" seems to be associated with nlngic ia ns and old-tinle c ircus pe rfornl e rs. As select ive professio nal s an d quality coac h es of hi gh-grade a r tist ic gymnas tics \V ~ are teac h ing our c h arges progress ive s kills in a.ll act iv ities. ' ''lit h kind es t p ersona l r egards. Sincerely, ·lVI . DO)1ald Adolph, Direc tor Anl e ri can GY lnnastics A ssociation ED . A tricky po int skillfully t a ken.

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36

"Coop e r fro m M ic higan - State is th e best r;n g perfonner I have ever see n . . . bar n one." I thought Cooper was med iocre co mpared to that years' Big Ten mee t (sco r e 99.5). Coope r tau g ht nl e (at that tinl e a rival U ni ve rsity of Michigan gym nast) more abou t rings th a n a ny oth er pers o n and I ha,' e the hi g h es t respect for hi s kno wledge of ring " 'a rk. The r eason ·for Cooper's low score (94.5) in the ~CAA prelim s was th a t h e overs hot hi s giant s wing, going too h ig h then !"wer ing then h av ing to quickly pre ss to a handstand. All this was d o n e of c ourse with locked arn1S. A lt houg h Cooper was th e best in the world he wa s n o t the only one. Ru ss Mills (last two years' NCAA sideharse c hamp) was easil y the b es t o n side horse. Lik e Coop e r hi s cO lnpe tition rOll tine \vas very easy co nlpared \vith t h e repertoir of ln ovem e nts done in \vorl{outs. If anyone doubts wh e ther h e is b et t er than CeraI' let t h em look at M ill 's scissors compare d with Cer ar's. (Cerar's bottom leg is very low). Also cons id er d ifficulty with Mills d oing c onsecuti ve c irc les on one pOllunel and everything e lse o ne ca n think o f. As a tribute to both of these great gymna sts I d o n ' t think the greatest good will be d o ne by g lor ify ing them bu t instead to ·he·a r w hat th ey have to say. Th e ir gynlt1"(t s tics inte llige nce is far gTeate r than 'th e ir work wh ic h \vas the best. I r eq u est t h a t they write a nd s hare thei l' }{nowl edge , after a ll they are the best in t hi s nation, at a ny rate. 'M .G . April , 1962, Notes and Thoughts by Cha rli e Simms. Sin cer e ly , Arno Lascari

BETTER THAN CERAR D ear Glenn , [n r efe r e nce to Ed G unny' s lette ,' about Da le Coo per in the Decembel', 1964 issue o f M.G., I would lik e to throw my su pport t o the stateme nts r ega rding Dale Coo per's ring ,,'orlc H iH l11anner of e x ec ution of bo th s trength a nd s wing llloovenl e nts wa s in a c lass by itse lf. I'm afra id though that YOll people in L.A. never saw Cooper at hb best. In 1962 C hal'ii e S imm s wrot e

DISAPPOINTED Dear Glenn, I h ave a few C0l11111ents about your Olynl pic coverage in th e December issu e. Fil'st o f all the artic le "Tokyo M e m o l'i es" by Larry Banner was great. It gave a trem e ndou s insight on internatio na l co nlpe tition. I'nl loo k ing forward to th e n e xt two parh of this a r ticle. I also e njoyed th e p ictUl'e coverage. Fu ll page pictures lik e the one of Miros lav Ce r a I' always add c la sl> to the magaz in e. I \vas. h o \veve r disap-


pOInte d in \\'llat--w as titl e c1 a n "Olyn1 pi c R e p ort" by Mr. Bill l\lea d e. It was n o t an Olymp ic R e port , it ,vas a c riti c i s rn of th e A.A.U ., a nd s h ould h ave b ee n till ed a s s u c h . I-lavin g c ompe te d in both th e A.A. U. a nd t h e U.S.G.F. i,n Southern Californ ia I wo uld lik e to r e mind Mr. M ea d e that th e A .A.U. co ndu c t s a nd san c tion s m OI-e than one n1 ee t a y ea r. Th ese n1 eets h ave h e lp ed to d evelop_ gymnas ts lik e Sakamoto, Barak, B a nn e r a nd S hurl ock on ly t o mentio n a f ew. It is unfortunate that the A.A.U. h as n ot exte nded it's S o u thern Ca lif. prog ram to th e rest of the country. It is also unfOl:tun ate th a t t h e A.A. U. 's mishand lin g of 'gymna s tics earn e d us a 7th instead of a 3rd in th e 1964 Olympics. But most unfortunate is th e fact that we might have bee n 3rd or b etter if t h e National Coll eg iate Coach es a nd o th e r U.S.G .F . s up porters h a d h elped to build and s up port the A.A .U . w h at d o yo u think ? S in cer ely, D av id Th o r R eseda, Ca~if. MIchigan State Un iv. ED. Ask your Coach , see w h at he thinks . P erha ps h e ca n exp lain better then I the many, man,y years t,he coac h es tried to help the AAU build a better program .. . but th e AAU wasn 't interested in their help.

A FIRST D ear Glenn, It w as ni ce see ing you in Tucso n and I was very iIllpressed ,vith our t op g-Yll1nasts, esp ec iall y Rusty Mitc h e ll. I hope w e can pr.::>du ce n10re gYln nasts lik e hin1. I \\'ould lik e to r e mind you t hat the National YMC A Gymnas tics Champion s hips w ill be in Berkeley on April 3rd a nd will in c lud e th e all-around events plu s t!'amp olin e and tumbling for m e n. Al so, for the firs t time in th e hi s t or y of the YMCA Gymnastics C hampion s hips th e r e w ill b e a \ 'Vonle ns' Gymnasti cs Cha.n1pionship whi c h will in c lu d e t h e fou r Olympic Ev e nts plu s AlI-ar.:mn d . A nyo n e wa nting further info rln atio n can co n tact me at the Be rk e ley Y.M.C.A. S incer e ly yo urs , Ernest l\1arinoni P h ys ica l Director Berkeley YMCA 2001 All ston "Vay Berkel ey, Calif.

W ISCONSIN CLINIC G e ntl e men: Enclosed please find ph otos of a c lini c h eld at our school. We w e r e very pl eased t o r egis t er ove r 700 p eopl e at our clin ic (th e first of its kind in the s tat e ). 500 of those r egis t ered p a rtic ipate d. Forty Sch oo ls w e r e represented. Th e c linic a ttrac ted both In en a nd " 'onl e n stud ~n t s .a nd .t e_~9.h-

ers. l\1r. George D aue)', U niy e rsit;\:- o f vViscons in ,,'as the h earl in~tru (' tf)r. ASRi8ting :;\l1'. B a ne I' dUI路ing the prograrn ,,"ere Pete Ball e r. Gi rls' Acth-ities: Dan Gra hanl. Preble coac h: Joh n Far\\'e ll. Man it owoc coaell: Daye F-flU:iSey. X _ay j{' r cnRc h: DRxe Blac k. Appleton coach am1 gen e ral chair I1lan of the c li nic, J am s ure other c li nics \\'ill fo li o \\' a r ound the sta te. Sincerely yours, David J. Blac k , Gynlnastic Coach , Clini c Coordi n ator Appl e ton, Wiscon sin

POSITIVE THINKING! Dear G lenn , L ately I ha ve given gy mnast ics a good d ea l of t1wught, and some ideas h ave ocCU lTed to l11 e ,vh ich nl ig ht be \VOI'th s ha ring. I first s hared t h ese thoughts with nl y teanl -rnates a.t Un iyersity of Californ ia, but th e n I r ealized t h at we are on ly a t eam in t erm s of the NCAA. A ll g-ymnasts a ll over t h e country a r e a t eam too, f or th e United States, and the US eve n has a team, litera ll y a gym n astic bl'Oth erhood , a ll ove r the world, I only \y is h ,ve cou Id have a cl.oRer ten-In on a ,,路-orld -w id e bas is. In any case, b ecause these ideas 1l1 :::ty h e of h e lp t o so m e competitors a round the co u ntry, I thoug ht I shou ld try to h e lp t h e best way I kn o\\' how , through the "Moder n Gym n as t."

Some Suggestions to Panic-Prone Gymnasts Many comp e titors just d on 't seem t o "com e through" in m eet s. Oth er s, r eally hi t und er pressure. The r e are r eason s for "psyching out," and ,vays to con1bat it. Th e following is a quote from Elements of Psyc hology : " If the constru ctive effects of frustration and conflict fai l to bring about goal.attainme nt, the tension continues to increase . . . eventua ll y it may be no longer facilitative, but d isr uptiv e .. . . reasons: in creased mobi li zatio n of e nergy may become so great as to exceed what is appropr iate for the task." ' Thu s, w hil e i t is b e nefic ial and d es irabl e to acl re na liz e o nese lf for com pe titi on, i t Inay be di s rupti ve to b eco nl e too exc ited Or concerned . . . that is the coach 's job. Thi s " di s rupti ve e ffe c t" is seen at eve r y meet. Being able t o li c k thi s ratt led fee l ing is p erh aps more important t h an havin g路 a go od r o utin e, fo r it is what o ne ca n hit in a meet that co unts . . . it isn't difficult to win t h e warm up s , because the presR ure is not yet on . Th e way a gY Jl1n asts a cts is both a ea u s at ive an d sy mptoillatie fa cto r inv olved in hitting' routines. Th e r e are those among us who have a poor I1le ntal att itud e, They con sta n t ly dispa rage thenlselves, th ey ra-

Wisconsin Clinic

tionaliz e . and ('ol11plain about ever y ri}), ache or pain . a nd con s tan tl y r e mind those arn u nel them ho\\' littl e sleep they rece il'ed the pre" in ll!"' night. Others h o weycr. a.lways enter the g-yn1 \\- it h a confident snl il e , and talk and a~t as if they were o n to p of th e ",orld . T hi s confidence a nd p Oise ca ni es oyer to the apparatu s. Seldom doe' o ne ~ee Rusty l\1 itch e ll , Art S hll rlo(' k , or Th1ak}lto Sakaln o to s link into the' gym ('omplainin g: on t he contrar;', they a r e good models to em u late. Th ey talk. a c t, a nd perform coOllfiden tiy . ' Ve can not feel great every day. but these d::ly ~ whic h seClll dull e r can be u:-;ed t o \\'ork str ength , to force oneself to hit t h e tri cl<s one has eyen b e tt e r. Complaining ca n , and do es hurt one'!'; nlental attitude , and ca rries over to the eve nts. Th e in1po I'tance of ha rd " 'o rk in gy n1nastic3 cannot be stressed too nluch. '];,Tork obviously h e lps the gymnast to incT ease hi s s kil ls, but it does much m ore . Th e more a p e rfo l~m e r works, t h e nl o re conf idence h e wi ll gain . vVith a n in c rease in s Ul'e ne::;s sh ou ld cOIne a correspondin g rise in th e gyn1 nast 's tota l I1lental attitude. It is v ita ll y inl pOl'tan t, if 've are to have gl路eat in di v idu a l p e rfo rnler s in th e U nite d States, that w e b eg in to d eve lo p n ot on ly ou r bodIes, but also ou r att itudes. Ga in in conf id ence, po ise, and s how lllan s hip and t h e scor es will go up. ' F or the sal<e o f brevity, I w ill li st sev e r a l th ll1gs that mig ht b e d on e, w h ic h wi ll h e lp to m ake t he gym nast a better per fo rm e r , physi ca ll y and nlenta ll y. I, Try to ha ve "'ha tever n::>u ti ne you do co ld. Do not add tri c ks unl ess they can be in corporated easily a.nd f1awless lv into the r outine. When r ou tin es are easy, confidence, and scores ,v iI] r ise . 2. P laya r ole (T hi s is important!). V'Ih et h er yo u com pl etely be li eve t hi s or not , gIve It a try. Pretend t hat you a r e 100% s~ r o n ge r, faster, lIg hter, and l1l0 re co n fIdent. Compete to win. No matter h ow ~~~~vf~~k ~~~e.nlay be, face the judges, In c id e ntall y, Grace K ay w e ll , the Modern Gym n ast ballet in stru c t or inform ed me that by tightening t h e diaphram , you \\'ill he lp to sto p the n ervous f eelin g in the pit of the stomach before <l"mpet ing. 3. ,\Vh e n com p et ing, act a bit overconf id e nt. S h ow the judges you are proud o f yo ur ro utin e, You can't a lways conlpare your ro utin e to the vel:-Y best, beca use then you l1lay act ashatn e d o f it unti l it is t he b est. Do what you h ave w e ll. and tell yo urse lf that it is t h e best whil e of cou r se, trying to cons tru ct ivel); I1nprove. Th e r e h as b ee l~ a lack of m a terial writ ten abo ut th e co rrec t menta l a ttitud e for gymnas ts l No gy mn ast s h ould b e satis fi e d " ' it h seco nd place, 01' for that maHer ex p ect it . Th e U nited States s h o uld n~t be sat isf ie d with seo" nd, or third or fourth place III gymnast ics e ither We can win and wil l. ' . No perso n has to r e n1ain ne r vou s a nv nl0re than h e 111us t r e lnain ,veak o r un's kill ed. All it t akes is work. Build conf id ~ nce in yo urselves and t eammates by. encou r aging, helping, a nd g iv in g more praIse a .nd less c ritic ism. We don ' t h ave to be seco nd-rate; 've ca n be to ps. Th ese comments h ave n o t be e n m ade as aut h oritative ; they are on ly good hunc h es . I h o p e they will be of s om e h elp. Gymnastically yours, D a n Millman

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