November 22, 2022

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AMS executive midterm reviews

Personal essay: Everything will be returned to you

Where the Heart Is: Manila, Philippines

The Dingbat: UBC bunny crime culprit caught

UBC Volleyball celebrates Pride Night









T| // 1 1 – 16












In-person school has meant anything but a homecoming for Anastasiia Lapatina




Coordinating Editor Charlotte Alden

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Visuals Editor Mahin E Alam

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Photo Editor Isabella Falsetti

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Culture Editor Tova Gaster Features Editor Paloma Green Opinion + Blog Editor Iman Janmohamed

Video Producer Diana Hong

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STAFF Aditi Mankar, Aisha Chaudhry, Amanda Yee, Annaliese Gumboc, Anya Anber Ameen, Bea Lehmann, Bernice Wong, Brendan Ngo, Bridget Meehan, Charles Brockman, David Collings, Elena Massing, Farzeen Ather, Fiona Sjaus, Gloria Rahgozar, Helen Shen, Himanaya Bajaj, Isabella Maggiore, Jackson Dagger, Jasmine Cadeliña Manango, Jerry Wong, Jocelyn Baker, Julian Forst, Kaila Johnson, Khushi Patil, Lauren Kasowski, Lucas Ortolano, Makyla Smith, Manya Malhotra, Maria Radivojevic, Matthew Asuncion, Maya Levajac, Shanai Tanwar, Shane Atienza, Rachel Marr, Shereen Lee, Shruthi Chockkalingam, Sidney Shaw, Spencer Izen, Tatiana Zhandarmova, Thomas McLeod, Ximena Gordillo Cruz, Zoe Wagner

LAND ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We wish to acknowledge that we work, learn and operate the paper upon the occupied, traditional, ancestral and unceded territory of the Coast Salish peoples, including the xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam), Sḵwxw̱ú7mesh (Squamish), Stó:lō and səli̓ lwətaɁɬ/Selilwitulh (Tsleil-Waututh). LEGAL The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University of British Columbia (UBC). It is published every second Tuesday by the Ubyssey Publications Society (UPS). We are an autonomous, democratically-run student organization and all students are encouraged to participate. Editorials are written by The Ubyssey’s editorial board and they do not necessarily reflect the views of the UPS or UBC. All editorial content appearing in The Ubyssey is the property of the UPS. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein cannot be reproduced without the expressed, written permission of the Ubyssey Publications Society. The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press (CUP) and adheres to CUP’s guiding principles. The Ubyssey accepts opinion articles on any topic related to UBC and/or topics relevant to students attending UBC. Submissions must be written by UBC students, professors, alumni or those in a suitable position (as determined by the opinion editor) to speak on UBC-related matters. Submissions must not contain

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Attend three staff meetings (Fridays at 4 p.m. in room 2208 in the AMS Nest or online). 2. Contribute three times to The Ubyssey! This can mean writing three articles, taking three photos or videos, making three illustrations or helping with copyediting three times. Or you can mix and match! 3. Attend your third staff meeting with those three contributions, and The Ubyssey’s staff members will vote you in!

Anastasiia Lapatina is a fourth-year Political Science student and a Ukrainian journalist.

Esha Vaze and Paloma Green Contributor and Features Editor

Raising her hand in her international relations seminar, Anastasiia Lapatina knew that, yet again, no one would agree with her. She was scared of coming off as “an obnoxious emotional Ukrainian,” and was so nervous she was shaking. But she knew her opinion was well-considered and felt she needed to say it. Everyone constantly talks about all of the hideous crimes committed by the US, but then no one ever talks about Russia, and moreover, no one ever recognizes that the US has actually done a lot of good in many places, including Ukraine,” said Lapatina. As she anticipated, no one else in the class agreed that the US is not always the villain. “It is extremely lonely being [at UBC],” said the Ukraine native to The Ubyssey in October. “Especially because as a politics student, class discussions touch on topics that are very related to what’s happening at home, and very often I have very unpopular opinions.” Once the seminar ended, she broke down crying. “When it gets to Ukraine, I obviously get emotional, and it was a very difficult day. I cried a lot and smoked a lot of cigarettes,” said Lapatina, finishing her sentence a little sheepishly. The reasons behind her tears were far more complex than one disagreement in a seminar. “It’s so easy to dismiss Ukrainians as just being emotional because there’s a war. That’s a huge issue that Ukrainian influencers, academics and journalists are dealing with — people just don’t trust our authority,” said Lapatina. “They don’t trust us with our own history. They don’t trust us with our own analysis of


what’s happening on the ground.” The fourth-year political science student isn’t just taking classes and planning for graduation. As a national correspondent for The Kyiv Independent, Lapatina has been reporting on the Russo-Ukrainian war since Russia invaded Ukraine this past February and has worked as a journalist in Ukraine for the past two years. Lapatina is still reporting on the war while she is on campus. Lapatina never planned to be a journalist. Her career is an accidental consequence of the pandemic, the war and a newfound love of writing. When COVID-19 hit in 2020, Lapatina moved back home to Kyiv for the first time since she left for high school. Lapatina attended Brentwood College School, a boarding school on Vancouver Island, and then spent the pre-pandemic half of her first year at UBC Okanagan. While she was living in Canada, Lapatina hadn’t kept up with the “local scene” in Ukraine. “[I knew] the broad things, like that we elected a comedian.” Lapatina needed something else to do besides online school, so she tried to catch up with what had happened while she was away and get involved locally. “I started looking around and I found this little Ukrainian youth-run media [group],” said Lapatina. The group was an Instagram account that, at the time, had a few thousand followers and was run by about three dozen people writing news, according to Lapatina. She decided to join. “I wasn’t like ‘Oh, I’m gonna be a journalist.’ I just knew that I had the skill, and I could try applying it somewhere temporarily while I figured out how to get like ‘a serious job,’” Lapatina said. While writing for the Instagram

account, Lapatina decided to apply for an internship at the Kyiv Post, the oldest English-language newspaper in Ukraine. She got the internship in September 2020 and worked for the paper until its brief closure last year. Lapatina now works for The Kyiv Independent, an outlet started by some of the journalists who were fired from the Kyiv Post for defending editorial independence, according to its website. For the last two years, Lapatina has been working full-time as a journalist while studying, so she hasn’t felt like a ‘normal’ student. This year, when the UBCO transfer student came to the Vancouver campus for the first time, she meant to take a break from writing, especially as she started to feel burnt out this August. But her sabbatical lasted less than two weeks. As her boyfriend had predicted over the phone, Lapatina began to feel restless after a week and a half of enjoying student life in Vancouver, and felt the need to write again. Now she’s back to balancing school, writing and podcasting. Lapatina once envisioned that she would stay in Canada after her undergraduate degree to get her master’s and PhD, but now she just wants to get back home. She’s not quite sure what her future will look like, but she knows she wants to be back in Ukraine. “It’s a very cool experience to be a student, but it also feels very lonely,” said Lapatina. “And I also know that this is not where I belong, and this is not where I should be. [Being in Vancouver] is just a temporary measure for me to get my degree.” Lapatina was granted special permission to take three of her finals early so she could have a full month and a half at home during the winter break. She will be using some of her time off to attend a conference in Washington, DC this December, where she plans to meet with literary agents about a book she is working on. As Lapatina talks about going home, the weight of her isolation from living abroad is clear. “You sit in your room, and something happens like an air strike or something [else] tragic and you’re upset. Or you’re scared that your boyfriend might die because he’s a soldier and he’s fighting. Or you’re scared that your country can get nuked, and your mom bought a gas mask and you have to deal with that and all of these emotions and you can’t really share it with anybody,” Lapatina said. “In the moment, I feel like that’s so unfair. I just want to curl up and cry and be sad and [for] people to take care of me. I don’t want to go out of my way to find support,” said Lapatina. “I don’t expect Canadians to [understand]. It’s impossible to feel what we’re going through.” U


A November 1 feature article said that the Disabilities United Collective is able to provide financial help to students seeking an autism diagnosis. Currently, the collective does not provide this service. The Ubyssey regrets this error. An October 31 science article misspelled Abul Bashar Rahman’s name. The Ubyssey regrets this error.






WORKIN’ 9 TO 5 //

International student work hours cap lifted through 2023 Spencer Izen Staff Writer


Centre for Accessibility exam invigilators unionize Student exam invigilators at UBC’s Centre for Accessibility have successfully unionized after a three-week campaign. In an announcement posted to its website on November 8, the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) BC said the student workers will join CUPE 2278 — the union that currently represents teaching assistants, tutors, markers and instructors in the English Language Institute at UBC. Exam invigilators are a group of predominantly graduate students who administer exams for students who require accommodations through the Centre for Accessibility, according to the announcement.

Frank Laezza appointed UBC VP finance and operations Interim UBC President Deborah Buszard announced Frank Laezza’s appointment as UBC VP finance and operations in a broadcast message on November 15. Laezza is currently the chief financial officer at Murdoch University in Australia. In the role, Laezza will be responsible for managing UBC’s finances and capital resources. This includes overseeing UBC’s annual budget — although Laezza will be joining UBC in March, two weeks before the budget usually goes to the Board of Governors for final approval.

Some international students and student advocacy groups say the federal government’s recent decision to temporarily scrap the cap on international student working hours is a welcome change. The policy move, announced in October, is intended to help address Canada’s labour shortage, according to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) Minister Sean Fraser. “From November 15, 2022, until December 31, 2023, international students who are in Canada and who have off-campus work authorization on their study permit will not be restricted by the 20-hour-per-week rule,” read the announcement from IRCC. “This is a big win for international students,” Melissa Chirino, chairperson of the BC Federation of Students, said in a Federal Student Advocacy Alliance press release from October 7. This is not the first time the federal government has removed restrictions on international student working hours. International students who worked in industries designated as essential were temporarily permitted to work beyond 20 hours in April 2020 early on in the pandemic. Laksh Agarwal, a first-year in-

“This gives a lot more flexibility and freedom to me.”

ternational student in the Faculty of Science, told The Ubyssey he’s happy the federal government altered its policy, saying it would help with paying tuition and gave him “a lot more room to work with.” International students in Canada pay an average 430 per cent more than domestic students, according to the Federal Student Advocacy

AMS Firstweek kits make 11 per cent of projected sales According to a quarterly report released by the AMS, only 81 of its Firstweek kits sold this year. Each one was originally priced at $49.50. AMS Senior Communications and Marketing Manager Eric Lowe said the kits always sold out in the past. He said the difference this year was that they did not include the Welcome Back BBQ tickets. Welcome Back BBQ tickets were eventually sold with the kits for $99 after September 2. The events team is looking at how to make the kits more appealing to students for next year. U

the summer. Cecilia Park, a second-year international student in the Faculty of Arts, shared similar opinions, and said she feels the decision should be made permanent, a call other international students and groups across Canada agree with. “This gives a lot more flexibility and freedom to me,” Agarwal said. U


Federal student loan interest to end in 2023

Managing Director Keith Hester leaves AMS After 11 years at the AMS, Managing Director Keith Hester left his role on November 3. Hester was the most senior permanent staff member at the AMS. He oversaw its businesses, events, communications and financial and administrative affairs. Celia Chung, the current human resources manager, was appointed interim managing director according to a statement from AMS President Eshana Bhangu. In an email, Bhangu wrote she could not comment further on Hester’s departure due to privacy and employment laws.

Alliance statement. “These fees are also almost entirely unregulated, and in some cases, fees have gone up more than 20% year to year,” the FSAA said in a press release. Dorris Li, a third-year biology international student, said the extension provides a “good opportunity for international students,” especially in


“It’s a great step forward, but hopefully not the end.”

Tina Yong Senior Staff Writer

The Canadian government announced it will eliminate interest on federal student loans, drawing both celebration and calls for further action from student advocates. As part of its fiscal update on November 3 — which heavily featured affordability — the federal government announced plans to eliminate interest on federal student and apprentice loans starting from April 1, 2023, immediately after the two-year freeze on student loan interest expires. Student debt remains a significant barrier to socioeconomic mobility for young Canadians.


Between 2000 to 2015, 1 in 2 post-secondary graduates carried student debt past graduation, with an average debt burden of $28,000. Paying off this debt usually takes between 9 to 15 years with the Student Financial Assistance program. The announcement follows another change from the government on how student loans are paid. On November 1, changes to the Repayment Assistance Plan (RAP) — an application-based program that assists those facing financial difficulty to repay their loans — took effect. Single-member households making below $40,000 a year can now qualify for a zero-payment plan, which is more inclusive than the previous $25,000 threshold. The new

threshold will also be indexed to annual inflation. Additionally, monthly payments for those who make more than $40,000 a year will be capped at 10 per cent of their household income, instead of 20 per cent under the previous iteration. “Starting today, more graduates can focus on building their careers, instead of worrying about student loans,” said Carla Qualtrough, the minister of employment, workforce development and disability inclusion, in a November 1 news release. “[T]his change will ensure more Canadians have more flexibility when paying for school.” For now, the changes to RAP are not applicable to the BC Repayment Assistance Plan. The new threshold also falls short of the Liberal government’s promised target of $50,000. Chris Fischer, a fifth-year biology student from rural BC, is the first person in his family to attend university. He said while his parents fully supported his decision to attend UBC, the financial burden of paying for university fell almost entirely on him. Fischer relied on a mix of grants, scholarships and government loans to finance his education, which means that he will be graduating with around $30,000 in student loan debt next spring. He said that the prospect of having to pay off the loan plus interest, in addition to financing medical school and covering living costs, was “pretty terrifying,” so he was pleased to hear the federal government’s plan to eliminate interest. “It’ll just make education more

accessible for a lot of low-income students like myself,” Fischer said. “I feel like we are oftentimes overlooked.” Some student advocates have pointed out that neither of the recent policy changes affect private loans or lines of credit, which tend to have higher interest rates and account for around 30 per cent of all student loans. The changes also do not provide long-term solutions to the debt crisis, such as unconditional loan forgiveness, increased availability of grants and a provincial tuition freeze. Erin Co, the AMS VP external and chair of the Undergraduates of Research Intensive Universities (UCRU), has been involved in student debt campaigns since she started working for the AMS three years ago. Co said while the recent changes are “no small feat,” there is more work to be done. Co said policies like loan forgiveness are still needed to address the skyrocketing cost of living facing graduates. She also said navigating the loan regime is a “daunting task” that students are often ill-equipped for. “No one should be paying off student loans 30 years after graduating, it’s simply not feasible if someone wants to start a family and buy a house,” Co said. In the upcoming federal lobby week, Co and other advocates from student organizations across Canada will be raising these and other affordability concerns to policymakers with the hopes that they can gain more ground. “It’s a great step forward, but hopefully not the end.” U

4 | November 22, 2022 | NEWS

MIDTERM REVIEWS Where AMS executives’ goals stand halfway through their terms Your AMS executives are halfway through their terms. As candidates, they promised to improve the student experience on issues from affordability to community building. The Ubyssey spoke to all five about what progress they have made on their goals and what they intend to accomplish

through the rest of the academic year. These aren’t report cards, and we know not all executives’ progress can be easily quantified. Rather, we want to give you an analysis of where the execs stand on promises made when you elected them and goals presented at AMS Council in June.

Because of the unexpected by-election this fall, we’ll also be reviewing progress within the VP finance portfolio as a whole rather than an individual executive. Here are the summaries of how each executive has done so far. Find the full midterm reviews at


VP Finance

Eshana Bhangu

Rita Jin, Eshana Bhangu and Lawrence Liu

Bhangu has had a busy year balancing being AMS president and serving as interim VP finance from July to September, but she said her core priorities have not shifted. She has advocated for sustained food security funding with VP Academic and University Affairs Dana Turdy. She has seen success in meeting quorum for the AMS’s Annual General Meeting — only the third time in the past 40 years. But, under her watch, AMS/GSS mental health coverage decreased from $1,500 to $1,000, although it was raised to $1,250 following widespread student complaints. Due to her heavy workload as president and interim VP finance over the summer, she has also faltered in some of the bureaucratic aspects of the AMS, such as finalizing the AMS Strategic Plan.

So far this year, the AMS has seen three different students serving as VP finance — former VP Finance Rita Jin, President Eshana Bhangu as interim and current VP Finance Lawrence Liu — as the AMS faces a projected $1.25 million deficit. Former VP Finance Rita Jin was working on changing the AMS’s credit card policy and expanding club subsidy access before she resigned in July. As interim VP finance from July to September, AMS President Eshana Bhangu worked on several things, including creating a set of Indigenous finance guidelines and exploring ways to improve AMS businesses’ performance. And, in his first month in office, current VP Finance Lawrence Liu has been working on the transition to a new financial system, and plans to talk with AMS businesses in order to address the deficit. But the departure of the AMS’s managing director — who works closely with the VP finance and oversees the student society’s businesses and financial and administrative affairs — could also pose another challenge to this portfolio.


President & former Interim VP Finance


NEWS | November 22, 2022 | 5

Words by: Himanaya Bajaj, Nathan Bawaan, Aisha Chaudhry, Regina Hipolito, Iman Janmohamed, Anabella McElroy Photos by: Isabella Falsetti | Design by: Mahin E Alam

VP Academic & University Affairs

VP Administration

VP External

Ben Du

Erin Co

Dana Turdy

Halfway into his term, VP Administration Ben Du has focused heavily on community building. He oversaw the AMS’s rebranded Clubs Fair, which saw 232 clubs booths across 3 days. Du has also reopened the Commons space on the lower level of the Nest as a club events and study space geared towards commuter students. Going forward, Du is looking to streamline club communication and the student club experience with a revamp of CampusBase, expected to roll out in January 2023. Du has many plans for the rest of his term, although the timelines might not be feasible with the time he has left.

VP External Erin Co has spent her term advocating for financial aid, student wellness and transit expansion. She, along with student unions across the country, have successfully lobbied for the permanent removal of student loan interest and a new summer U-Pass program for students not taking classes. Co is also working with the provincial government to revise its sexual violence and misconduct policy. However, she is still chipping away at long-standing issues like securing funding for the UBC SkyTrain expansion. She is also working on increasing harm reduction support from the provincial government.

Dana Turdy ran for VP Academic and University Affairs (AUA) on a platform of affordability, health and wellness and student engagement. Turdy’s been making progress on her promises — the AMS secured $500,000 in funding for food security and pushed to get substance testing on campus. The VP AUA office has also been working to get students engaged in UBC’s decision making processes, particularly Campus Vision 2050. One promise she has not been able to fulfill so far is establishing a permanent clinic for substance testing on campus. Next term, Turdy’s focus will be working with UBC through its budget cycle and pushing the university to implement the recommendations from UBC’s Student Accessibility Task Force.


VP Academic & University Affairs


VP Administration

ERIN CO VP External



Vanessa Matsubara, Helena Miranda and Deb Pickman led UBC ARTIVISM, which received EDI funding”


$49k given to faculy-, staff- led EDI projects Amanda Dekker Contributor

The UBC Equity & Inclusion Office (EIO) has announced the community-based funding recipients through the Equity Enhancement Fund. The Equity Enhancement Fund (EEF) is an initiative that supports faculty- and staff-led projects that amplify equity, diversity and inclusion (EDI) at UBC across both the Vancouver and Okanagan campuses. The fund supports UBC’s Inclusion Action Plan. It has two running cycles, in the spring and the fall, with a total of $80,000 available at the Vancouver campus and $10,000 for the Okanagan campus annually. The EIO received 59 applications for the EEF for the spring funding cycle, with a total grant request of $245,245, and selected 14 initiatives to receive funding. UBC Vancouver was awarded $42,900 across nine projects, while UBC Okanagan received $6,610 for five projects, for a total of $49,510. ARTIVISM One of the projects funded was UBC ARTIVISM. The annual art

festival is in its fifth year and was led by the UBC Arts & Culture District in partnership with the Exposure UBC student club team. It took place from September 6 to October 13. This year’s theme was Politics of the Body. “[The] body is something that everyone can relate to, but it also touches on matters of gender and BIPOC communities,” said Helena Miranda, the Arts & Culture District artitistic director and third-year media studies student. Deb Pickman, the special projects, Arts & Culture District and marketing communications specialist, said, “We have all these initiatives that we want to take action on as students, faculty and staff, and a lot of times it will end up being a talk or a lecture that’s something that’s quite serious.” “But when you can do a piece of art or a performance … I think it speaks to people in a very different way … It’s such a great place to unpack a difficult conversation,” Pickman said. Vanessa Matsubara, a thirdyear media studies student and the Arts & Culture District artistic producer, said in-person art events “[foster] an environment where

Poster for this year’s ARTIVISM show, Politics of the Body.


you can learn [and] meet new people” which she didn’t get to experience in her first year due to COVID-19. According to the team, anyone can participate and is welcome to submit their art when the time comes. For ARTIVISM’s fifth year, events ranged from workshops, performances and drag and art shows in collaboration with the Museum of Anthropology, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver International Film Festival and the Hatch Art Gallery. “ARTIVISM is really about giving voice and power to those who want to make something, to exhibit their works or [who] just want to have a safe space,” said Miranda. IBPOC CONNECTIONS Another project awarded funding was IBPOC Connections for Students, designed to support and create a safe space for students who identify as IBPOC with a common interest in climate justice and wellbeing. The project is inspired by the IBPOC Wellness Mentors Program piloted from September 2021 to April 2022. “Because [the IBPOC Wellness Mentors Program] was a pilot, we knew that we wanted to take the best parts of that particular pilot, and then see how we might be able to implement those specific aspects. And that’s where the idea for IBPOC Connections came,” said Levonne Abshire, the project lead and director of health equity, promotion and education at UBC. “Some of those strengths we’re now bringing IBPOC students together in a less formal, casual environment that really did build on social connection and community engagement … because we know that social connection and a sense of belonging does improve one’s mental health.” The IBPOC Connection for Students program is in collaboration with the EIO, the Sustainability Hub and Student Health & Wellbeing, with term one focusing on planning and term two on implementation.U Helena Miranda was the photo editor for The Ubyssey’s 2022 magazine. She was not involved in the writing or editing of this piece.

“If the university wishes to progress ... it should reflect in their finances”


AMS considering referendum on UBC investments Aisha Chaudhry Senior Staff Writer The AMS is considering a referendum on UBC’s investments after releasing an Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) report, which outlines options for the AMS to advocate toward UBC to better incorporate ESG principles in its finances and investments. This report comes after a motion was passed by AMS Council in March to pen a letter to condemn the Israeli state’s occupation of Palestine and urged the UBC Board of Governors (BoG) to divest from nine companies, most of which appear in a UN database for businesses involved in “human rights violations concerns.” The report explains how the university selects investments, which is done through UBC Investment Management Trust (IMANT) — a company wholly owned by UBC. IMANT provides the university with “investment services, such as portfolio management and advisory services.” ESG principles are factors companies can consider when attempting to make ethical investments, like environmental harm, corruption and workplace conditions. In 2020, the BoG implemented ESG principles in response to the climate emergency and supported the full divestment “of fossil fuels from the Trek Endowment Fund.” The report outlines three advocacy methods the AMS could use to persuade the BoG to better incorporate ESG principles into its investments with the hopes it would increase ethical business practices. AMS VP Academic and University Affairs and Advocacy Committee chair Dana Turdy brought the report to AMS Council for feedback on the methods, with little discussion. Turdy said the option she

believes is the best is the third — direct action or a campaign. This allows for direct engagement with the BoG and could include writing letters and reports, having meetings with the BoG and running a referendum in the AMS spring election. “[A referendum] gives us a sense of where students stand and how to move forward in advocacy,” said Turdy. The referendum would directly ask students “whether or not they support UBC divesting from companies that commit human rights violations, and that can give us a very strong mandate advocating to the university.” Turdy said in Council the Advocacy Committee was considering the feasibility of a referendum, considering they are resource intensive and often mean hiring a new staff member. The other two options in the report are conducting advocacy research and providing education and encouragement. Both are primarily aimed toward students and would include consulting student groups, researching how to incorporate ESG principles in investments and educating the student body on these matters. While this would allow the AMS to collect important data and increase student financial literacy, these options are also resource and time intensive, and according to the report “is somewhat outside the scope of the AMS.” Turdy spoke about the importance of UBC adopting these principles as “students are directly impacted, especially international students who are coming here from many different countries around the world.” “If the university wishes to progress and really make a difference in the world, then it should reflect in their finances and investments as well.” U





EVERYTHING WILL BE RETURNED TO YOU words by Bradley Astra Aldridge

This article contains explicit mentions of sexual assault, police brutality, self-harm and child abuse. The experience is that of being cut with a knife. Past and present are severed; the future is eliminated; hope is lost. I inhale sharply, as though wounded, and a deep unseen terror grips my chest, like a memory, like a thing which will not release its hold on me. I am reading Twitter’s email list of recommended tweets. The tweet in question informs me that another human being has died in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside. I feel as though a memory has crawled inside my chest and taken my heart hostage. There are tremors of pain, feelings of inadequacy, a longing for a justice that I know will not be coming. The memory comes back in flashes. The gunshot wound: purple ripples of skin and flesh around a bandage. The bunk beds, the mattresses, the blue of the room. His face. His hands. His teeth, sharp, his smile, merciless. Him getting what he wants. My body, an object, a nothing. A feeling of fear so visceral it transcends emotion and becomes mere reality: the wobble of the bunk bed, the cars in the street, someone screaming outside. (Like me.) I erect walls in my mind, attempting to stop the onslaught of sensory input returning to my consciousness. The smell of alcohol and vomit on my clothes. The greasiness of my unwashed hair. The knowledge that I am not a human being. Rather, I am homeless.

illustration by Anya Anber Ameen

I breathe deeply. I attempt to steady myself. My name is Bradley Astra Aldridge, I mentally repeat. My breathing quickens. I attempt to slow it. The year is 2022. I look around the room, at the obvious indicators of studenthood, my notebooks and my textbooks. I am in my room on UBC’s Point Grey campus. I attempt to re-enter my body, even as the fear grips me. And I am safe. … It is 2020. Soon the world will start ending for everyone else. Right now, it is only ending for me. I lie down on the mattress at the homeless shelter where I live, and as I close my eyes, a terror grips me. A blue terror. An unnamed terror. A terror deep and hungry. Something’s not right, it says. I’m not safe here, it says. I felt the same refrain echoing in my blood as a sexually-abused child. In 2020, I am still performing in the same play I did as a child. All that has changed are the actors filling the roles. The roles are: The Good Child, who obeys; The Bad Child, who remembers; The Abuser, who terrorizes; and The Complicit, who enable and turn their eyes away. My father has been replaced in his role as terrorizer by a tall man with carefully-held hands and a blank expression. He works at the shelter. The role of The Complicit has been assigned to a bubbly and friendly social worker, who expresses a great deal of faith in me until the moment in which I make the accusations against her co-worker public. Being the object of abuse, the desperate to please,

the high-grade achieving, terror-fearing subject, the one who alternates between appeasement and rebellion to ward off abuse, remains assigned to me. … It is 2020. I am disintegrating. I feel the true terror that makes itself known as something distinct from mere ordinary fear. I feel terror when a certain shelter worker jangles his keys to my room, and the reality of my situation is made clear. I feel it when I read news stories about sexual assault, and the small, meaningless details remind me of what it is I am suppressing. I feel it most of all when I lie down to sleep and every cell in my body screams, Run. Leave. Fight back. Do anything other than this. I am learning that men other than my father are capable of being so cruel. My hands are covered in a mixture of blood and scabs, a consequence of my untreated eczema. No one seems to care. A fellow shelter resident who has occasionally shared rooms with me has the bleak hobby of lifting up his t-shirt to reveal a gunshot wound he received at the hands of the police. “Did I tell ya I got shot?” he asks, routinely, almost cheerfully. There are purple shockwaves around the bandage. It makes me sad in a way for which I have no words. …


In 2022, fear of a different kind grips me. It is not the blue terror of frozen, wordless stares. It is not the inextinguishable knowledge that something is wrong, something is wrong, I can’t stay here, I have to leave. It is the reasoned fear of safety, the anxiety that something will go wrong because nothing currently is: it is the fear of one with something to lose. Sure, my future at UBC seems to beckon to me, as though I have earned it, as though I am really here, as though this isn’t a mistake, but what about the feeling? The thing that shivers and twists inside of me, crawling up my spine, whispering, They don’t really know you. If they did, they’d disown you. No one could ever love you. You’ll never survive. You’ll have another breakdown and end up in the hospital, certified, delusional. Alone. Unloved. I tell myself the fear is irrational. I buy notebooks with flamingos on the cover. I make plans to have breakfast with my friends on Labour Day, some celebratory christening of the school year, some belief, however weak, in my potential. … In the hospital waiting room, I am 17. In the hospital waiting room, I am 19. In the hospital waiting room, I am 23. In the hospital waiting room, I am 26. Time does not exist here. All that exists are the off-white walls, the beige patient clothes, shapeless, formless and unflattering. I am 17 and being certified for suicidal ideation. I am 19 and being certified for actually trying to kill myself. I am 23 and being certified for being “delusional regarding a recent sexual assault.” I am 26 and I am not certified at all. This time they tell me I am healthy. I am traumatized and I am anxious, but this is a response to my experiences of adversity, not a psychosis. When I was a Crazy Homeless Guy with bloody hands (‘I’m not touching that, it’s disgusting,’ said the hospital employee who refused to put a band with my name on my wrist) and an unreliable story (‘delusional regarding a recent sexual assault,’ read the Mental Health Act certificate) and people who say he’s crazy (‘We’re concerned about your mental health,’ said the Important Management Man at the shelter to whom I told my story before he called me an ambulance and said he’d call the police if I didn’t go willingly), he is not believed to the same extent as a clean human being, a middle-class human being, a Real Human Being. I am 26, and I am watching patients bicker and bait each other, first-timers who’ve never been certified expressing indignation and confusion at the concept that

the police can pick you up and drop you off somewhere other than jail, leaving you with nothing to do other than wait, drink small cups of orange juice and hear the muffled anger of patients in the so-called quiet rooms screaming. I am 26, and a fellow patient doesn’t want to give his phone to the nurses. It’s just temporary, says the nurse. No, he says insistently. We’ll give it back, she says cheerfully. Everything will be returned to you. The man I do not know is defiant. He says something about a lawyer. He seems angered, willing to fight, capable of asserting himself. I know how this story ends. A few minutes later, security arrives. The nurse, now backed by ominous figures in uniform, tells the man that he will have to hand over his phone. He looks small. He looks defeated. … I read the news stories: ‘Crazy Homeless Guy randomly attacked people for no reason, more at 11!’ I read the editorials: ‘These mentally-ill homeless people just can’t integrate into society because they’re so ill, we’ve gotta re-open Riverview!’ I scroll through the tweets: ‘these progressive idealists, who say homeless people are regular people just like anyone else, have clearly never met the crazy homeless people I see!’ And so, when people tell me they believe me, that what happened to me was horrible, that I am resilient and strong and inspiring and brave, I am struck with the realization that if the people who see me now had seen me when I was just another homeless guy covered in vomit and alcohol, my hands bleeding and my hair greasy and unwashed, they would’ve flinched. They would have seen the circumstances and not the human being. My humanity is dependent on an act that I don’t know that I can sustain, the performance I have been giving since childhood, the I-am-just-like-you act, The Good Kid, the mandatory aura of respectability. … In 2020, I pick up my clothes from the shelter where I am no longer allowed to stay. The process is as humiliating as possible. I am not allowed inside the building, so I stand outside on the post-apocalyptic streets. I knock on the door several times to give back possessions that are not mine, that were given to me by mistake. The staff are hostile and disinterested. I am fooling


no one. I wheel my suitcase up the street, toward the hotel room I have booked. My bleeding hands are sore. My betrayed soul is sore. Keep going, I tell myself. For what? asks a part of me. I don’t answer. … In 2022, I can’t stop thinking about that nurse’s words to the man who was reluctant to part with his phone. Everything will be returned to you. As though trials are temporary. As though, for a moment, we are parted from our desires. For a moment, we find ourselves bleeding and defenceless. For a moment, we wake up in homeless shelter bathrooms, the injuries we have no memory of incurring cascading across our inner thighs. For a moment, we think that God is dead, and humans are wretched creatures, and there is no hope for restitution and recovery. Then, we wake up one day, and we are human beings. We are loved, and we are safe, and we are believed by those whom we trust, and who trust us. And we can’t quite believe it, that fortunes should change so dramatically. I think regularly about the people I have left behind, the people who are still homeless. I think about the smug venom with which individuals speak on the poverty and desperation they have never experienced, declaring that people living in tents must be forced to accept alternate housing. The assumption, of course, is that there is shelter. And the assumption that the places that call themselves shelters are safe, that they could never be open hunting grounds for sadistic predators with an ease of access provided by their colleagues’ indifference. I think about Chris Amyotte, who is no longer living because he was seen as a threat while he begged for help. I think about the fellow shelter resident I used to know, who would show me his gunshot wound. I don’t know what it is that I have lost, but I know that it will not be returned to me. I know that tonight when I go to sleep, the blue light of night will come, and I will feel afraid. Justifiably, given the context of my life. But when this blue terror threatens to tell me that there is no hope, I will repeat to myself: My name is Bradley Astra Aldridge. (The terror shivers. It fades.) The year is 2022. (I remember, I remember, I can’t forget.) I am in my room on UBC’s Point Grey Campus. (The fear is still there. My room is still blue. But I have something else.) And I am safe. (I have hope.) U

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NOVEMBER 22, 2022 TUESDAY 9 Editor Paloma Green | Features | 09


Where the Heart Is: Everywhere and Nowhere (All at Once) words by Mayako Kruger “Where are you from?” The question that haunts every third culture kid inevitably squeezes itself into every conversation during the first week of university. Whenever it’s asked, I’m afraid of being considered pretentious, but my response has never changed. “I’m half Japanese and half Canadian but I grew up in the Philippines,” I always say reluctantly. It’s not that I want to make my life sound more interesting or seem exotic. I struggle to pinpoint my identity to a single place. In my early teens, I wanted nothing more than to live the quintessential American life as seen in a Netf lix show. To ride a yellow bus to school with the people I’ve gone to school with since kindergarten. To go home to my childhood bedroom during university breaks and get lunch with all my friends who were doing the same. To feel a sense of belonging and patriotism to a small town where everyone knows everyone. While in many ways, my life did fit that of the typical Netf lix original — I played sports after school, I hung out with my friends on weekends, I sat at the dinner table with my

family every night as they asked the classic — “What did you learn at school today?” — question. But in many other ways, it didn’t. The norm at my school was to move away after a few years. There were only 12 kids who were part of the “13-year club” yearbook spread, a page dedicated to those who attended my school from kindergarten to graduation. While they did count me among the “13 year club,” I moved away to live in Tokyo for 3 years in the middle of elementary school. In Tokyo, I did ride a school bus, but it was covered with abstract designs because a yellow school bus was too much of a “safety concern” that would place a clear target for potential anti-American attacks. Lastly, most of my graduating class, including myself, have no ties to Manila and won’t have any reason to visit in a few years when our families inevitably move away. Yet I still feel a deep sense of belonging to a city where superficially, I don’t belong. Is it fair for me to call Manila home when I’ve grown up in a bubble of privilege and foreigners living in the exact same situation as me? Every Saturday morning I would wake up at 7 a.m. to walk down the street with Mercy,

my yaya (nanny), to visit the Taho Man. As soon as we stepped outside of our apartment compound, the palm trees were replaced with unkempt bushes and roads that desperately needed to be repaved. The Taho Man’s cart was parked by the side of the Pasig River as he called out, “Taho! Taho!” His voice was the star of the symphony of rush hour jeepney and tricycle traffic. I would exchange my 5 peso coin — around 10 cents CAD — for a small cup of warm taho: sheets of warm silken tofu with sago pearls and brown sugar syrup. “Salamat!” I would thank the man before Mercy took me home. When I went on a family vacation to Bohol, an island popular for its chocolate hills and tarsiers (a large-eyed lemure-like primate), we were driving back to our hotel in the hotel car service when I really needed to use the bathroom. The driver suggested pulling up to a house on the side of the road and asking to use their washroom. Being six years old, holding it in was not an option so that’s exactly what we did. The driver explained our situation to a middle-aged man. The man generously let my mom and me into his house

10 | Features | Editor Paloma Green

with dirt f loors, a corrugated sheet of metal as a roof, and cement blocks as walls. His washroom consisted of a toilet bowl with a bucket of water and a tabo — a plastic water dipper used to f lush the toilet as there was no plumbing. After thanking the man, my mom and I walked back to the car and drove the rest of the way back to our hotel. These snippets are examples of my limited experience of what it’s really like to live in the Philippines for a lot of people. Within the bubble of expat kids, International Day was known to be one of the most exciting days of the year. We could forgo our uniform at my school in Manila and instead wear our home country’s national costume. Kids would come to school in their hanbok, baro’t saya, sari or cowboy boots, and a cultural carnival emerged in our school playground. I would alternate between a red Roots Canada shirt and a Japanese yukata each year as an homage to my parents’ cultures and my pass-

port countries. But still, whenever I visited Japan or Canada to see family, it always felt like a vacation rather than a homecoming. Despite being able to speak Japanese and navigate Tokyo’s complex subway system, after passing the foreigners in the Japanese passport-only line at immigration, I feel like a tourist myself. Shop owners and mall assistants were always surprised when I responded to their broken English with “nihongo de daijoubu desu” (Japanese is okay). Growing up with people from all over the world, I find myself to be adaptable in terms of respecting and following the social norms in a new situation, but there are some things that are impossible to know without complete immersion. When I was around 11, I was having a conversation with my grandmother about rice crackers when I referred to her as anata, a pronoun I didn’t know at the time is polite when you use it for people whom you don’t know but extremely rude if you use it for someone you do know. This

was the first time I had heard my grandmother yell. I waited in tears for my mom to return from the grocery store in tears explaining, “I don’t know why baba was so mad I thought I was being polite.” Misunderstandings of the culture are what isolate me from “being Japanese.” I display different personas in different relationships, shapeshifting in what seems like a fruitless attempt to stitch together pieces of my identity. Constantly trying to fit in with my surroundings, trying to find a place to make me feel, even temporarily, at home. The one place I didn’t have to try to fit in was in the international communities of expats I grew up in because our differences were paradoxically unifying. I felt at home not when the people around me ethnically resembled me but when we shared experiences. In many cases, it was easier to find similarities to people from countries I had never imagined visiting than to people whose lives seemed more similar to my own at first glance. U

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12 | Big Brain Time

UBC Wall Opera Project is bridging neuroscience and music training by Elena Massing

The UBC Wall Opera Project is exploring how opera changes the brain. At any given moment on stage, an opera singer may be making a dozen different split-second decisions. They’re singing, acting, navigating the set, working with an orchestra and engaging an audience — all while wearing costumes that can weigh up to 45 pounds. The Wall Opera Project is exploring how rigorous opera training sculpts the brain. Through physiological and psychological evaluations, researchers hope to demonstrate the effects of opera training on memory and executive function. At the beginning of the academic year, study participants — including opera singers, actors and athletes — undergo a MRI scan and full assessment of working memory and educational

abilities. After going through a year of training, researchers then reimage and reassess neuropsychological function. This interdisciplinary initiative requires efforts from a diverse team of researchers, including Nancy Hermiston, voice and opera divisions director at UBC School of Music, Dr. Lara Boyd of the Brain Behaviour Laboratory, Dr. Janet Werker, a psychology professor, as well as post-doctoral fellows Anja-Xiaoxing Cui and Negin Motamed Yeganeh. Werker focuses on the language acquisition element of opera. Singers are required to understand what they are singing about, as well as what others onstage are saying, to act out a story. Performing in French, German and Italian (and occasionally Russian, Czech and Spanish) promotes an intimate knowledge of each language, although

rarely complete fluency. Before being picked up by the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies, Hermiston has tried to kickstart research on the intersection between opera and neuroscience for nearly 16 years. Boyd pointed out that a psychologist, a neuroscientist and a music professor is a very unusual combination of principal investigators for a study. She said it’s very fortunate that they were able to find support for this type of work, and that it will be difficult to do again. Artists often suffer because “research agencies that give out money want to see graphs, they want to see charts, they want to see results,” according to Hermiston. “And what can we say? We can say our audience was absolutely silent at the end of a performance because they were so moved …

But how do you measure that?” Hermiston said. “At its very basic level,” said Boyd, “[the study] just gives us a much better appreciation for the importance of the arts, in society and in our student body.” On both a personal and institutional level, research supporting the value of music may inform funding decisions in the education system. After three and a half years of work — COVID-19 restrictions halted live performances, which caused slight delays in the project – the team looks forward to sifting through one of their first big batches of data in May. “[Even promising results] certainly won’t show everything,” said Hermiston, “but if it shows that there’s more research to be done, that’s a win there anyway. We want to keep music going.” U

The gift of gab: How babies come to learn language by Stuti Sheth Understanding how brains learn speech requires starting from before babies have even uttered their first word, according to UBC experts. Dr. Janet Werker, University Killam professor and Canada research chair in psychology, and Dr. Alexis Black, an associate professor in the School of Audiology, research how infants acquire language. Black said a focus on early life is essential as language acquisition requires us to “make the line all the way up [from babies] to adulthood. BABBLING BABIES Babies interaction with their environment slowly helps develop their ability to babble and eventually speak coherent sentences. Werker researches infants and their developing communication systems. Her work suggests the brain begins learning language before birth, with newborn brains responding differently to languages they had been surrounded by when in the womb. According to Werker, the responses differ in monolingual and multilingual babies. Newborns do not have any sophisticated communication method, but they do have a sucking reflex. Werker’s study found babies suck pacifiers stronger and faster when they hear the same languages they did before birth. “Monolingual babies … will suck more to listen to the language that they’ve been hearing [in the womb] and bilingual exposed babies will lis-

ten more to both of the languages that they heard,” said Werker. Werker noted speech perception is multi-sensory, saying “babies not only listen to but also watch your mouth when you’re talking, and encode and represent that.” WORD TO THE YOUNG Black completed her PhD at UBC where she focused on statistical learning which is “the capacity that organisms … have for detecting structure in our environment.” Applying this to linguistics, she looked at how babies pick up sound patterns when listening to speech. One of her studies exposed babies to an artificial language and recorded their brain waves using a electroencephalogram (EEG).

Neural oscillations initially occured at every input sound but, after about two minutes, “the brain also started having slower oscillations at [multi-syllabic] rates.” This indicated that babies were starting to find implicit patterns and shift from perceiving isolated syllables to recognizing words. IN THE BRAIN Two major brain areas are implicated in language processing: Broca’s area is associated with speech production and Wernicke’s area is responsible for language development and comprehension. Connections between these regions strengthen over time, helping children develop language acquisition abilities. Black uses tech-savvy methods to

understand what goes on in the brain as babies learn to communicate. She primarily uses EEGs and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to ask different questions about how the brain acquires language. Werker explained that fNIRS is “the least invasive and the safest and easiest to use with infants.” The fNIRS gives insight into brain activity by detecting the absorption of near-infrared light by hemoglobin. These techniques serve a fundamental purpose in helping researchers speak to the complexity of human language. “I want to understand what our biases and preferences are as a species as soon as we get started, and that’s why I study language, because that’s critical to humans,” said Werker. U

Big Brain Time | 13

UBC research is working to end the stigma of intrusive thoughts for new parents by Aditi Mankar Dr. Nichole Fairbrother’s Perinatal Anxiety Research (PAR) lab is committed to improving the mental health and well-being of pregnant and postpartum people through an in-depth investigation of mood and related disorders. The PAR lab was born from Fairbrother’s interest in reproduction and childbirth, and her experience with women’s health gained as a PhD student researching sexual assault-related trauma in female university students. Fairbrother’s career spans her role as a clinical associate professor in the department of psychiatry, an affiliate investigator at BC Children’s Hospital and a registered psychologist. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders may affect around 20 per cent of pregnant and postpartum people, where perinatal refers to the period from pregnancy to shortly after birth. Much of the anxiety perinatal people experience is oriented around their infant, said Fairbrother. “Will my baby be okay? Will my pregnancy go okay? Once the baby’s born, will they be safe?” she said. One in five new mothers experiences one or more anxiety disorders — which Fairbrother highlighted is more than any

other disorder category. One of the most common concerns reported by new mothers is unwanted, intrusive thoughts about infant-related harm. While half of the participants reported unwanted, intrusive thoughts about harming their baby on purpose and “the vast majority” experience intrusive thoughts about accidental harm, it is still treated as a taboo topic. “We know that these thoughts [of harming your infant] are not associated with an increased risk of harming your infant. So if we look at two studies, a tiny proportion of people will behave in a physically aggressive way towards their infant, about 2.6-3 per cent,” said Fairbrother. Speculations have been made about the origins of these thoughts. The PAR lab theorizes that it could be associated with evolution, where people evolved to be hyperaware of threats as new parents and that these thoughts helped them stay alert. Research from the PAR lab has added to the literature showing an increased risk of developing obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during and after birth. Their work showed new mothers

with OCD were no more likely to report aggressive behaviour toward their babies those people who did not have OCD. Fairbrother is a certified cognitive behavioral therapist (CBT) and CBT is integral to her treatment of postpartum anxiety and OCD since new mothers tend to prefer talk therapy to medications. In addition to research on intrusive thoughts, Fairbrother’s PAR lab is also assessing the accuracy of screening tools for diagnosing OCD in pregnant and postpartum persons, for which she was awarded the Health Professional Investigator Award by Michael Smith Health Research BC. Fairbrother’s lab is striving toward the betterment of maternity care, with consideration given to how her research

can help inform physicians and healthcare practitioners. “We’re in the process of trying to understand what do maternity care providers know and not know about these kinds of thoughts so that we can develop educational materials and training materials for perinatal care providers,” she said. “Helping people have positive birth experiences really matters.” U

Feeling SAD? UBC research boasts benefits of light therapy for winter blues by Elena Zanuzzi As students may find their mood dropping with the temperature, UBC research supports light therapy as a potential treatment to brighten your winter semester. The ‘winter blahs’ or ‘winter blues’ are a mild case of seasonal depression that affects up to 15 per cent of Canadians. An additional 2–6 per cent experience seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a subtype of clinical depression that appears in the fall and winter. The Mood Disorders Centre at UBC provides light therapy as a safe and effective treatment to those with SAD. Dr. Raymond Lam, a professor of psychiatry and director of the Mood Disorders Centre, also published evidence that light therapy can treat non-seasonal depression, though this effect was strongest for those also taking anti-depressants. Although Vancouver’s heavy rain is commonly associated with dampened spirits, SAD cases are related to latitude rather than local weather patterns, explained Lam.

Those with SAD have a form of jetlag where their internal clock is out of sync with the external environment, according to Lam. This worsens further from the equator due to drastic differences in daytime lengths throughout the year. Symptoms of SAD appear as days get shorter in the winter and include fatigue, loss of interest and reduced concentration. Light therapy aims to reset the biological clock and alleviate symptoms by exposing patients to bright artificial light for as little as 30 minutes per day. A light box used for light therapy provides an intensity of 10,000 lux which is between the outdoor light intensity of a cloudy winter day (3,000 lux) and a sunny summer day (10–50,000 lux). In comparison, the light intensity of a bright office is only around 500 lux. “People with winter blues often feel improved when they do spend more time outdoors during the winter because even on a dull grey day in Vancouver in the winter, it’s probably at least five or six times as bright as the brightest office lights that you can get,” said Lam.

Although light therapy is an effective treatment, the relation between the biological rhythm shift and its corresponding antidepressant effects remains unclear. Researchers have begun investigating the direct effect of light on neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine. Side effects of light therapy are relatively mild with the most common being nausea, dizziness and eye irritation. These can be treated by changing the intensity of the light or the location of the lightbox. Commercial lightboxes can be found

at many retailers, but Lam warns that smaller light boxes may lack the necessary light intensity to be effective. However, people should not treat themselves with light therapy until they are assessed by a qualified health professional. According to Lam, an early morning pulse of bright light can boast impressive benefits this winter season. “It really helps people with seasonal depression. It also helps people with winter blues, and so it’s a very simple way to try to improve your energy, fatigue, oversleeping, if you have those problems in the wintertime.” U

14 | Big Brain Time

Physical Activity Research Centre fosters community for those with spinal cord injuries by Mallika Handa

The Yuel Family Physical Activity Research Centre (PARC) is a community space for people with spinal cord injuries and a hub for UBC research. The heart of PARC’s research is a long-term study on how exercise impacts the quality of life of those with spinal cord injuries. For members of the spinal cord injury community, PARC is a place to exercise using high-quality equipment moulded to their needs and foster relationships. “I think what I really have just come to appreciate about PARC is it was started for the research, but it has become a real community centre,” said faculty advisor Dr. Andrea Bundon. She estimates 120150 people have attended PARC — located

at the Blusson Spinal Cord Centre — weekly in the 9 years since it began. PARC is conducting research on physical exercise and other collaborative projects. Recently, PARC created new accessible equipment for wheelchair users, in partnership with spinal cord injury research centre iCORD (its parent institute), other UBC groups, SFU, BCIT and community members. PARC equipment is offered in 14 different facilities across BC. Every year, between 50 and 70 kinesiology students volunteer with PARC, through WorkLearn or integrated learning. It is a place for students to apply what they have learned in the classroom and gain insight from community members who “get to teach off the lived experiences

of having spinal cord injury,” said Bundon. During the pandemic, students developed online exercise classes to serve community members who could not attend in person. These classes became so popular that PARC continues to offer them. Bundon said this increased accessibility, as people who had moved away or could not come to Vancouver are now able to participate virtually. According to Bundon, PARC has been a boon for the students involved. During the pandemic, students told her they were motivated by knowing they had people relying on them to lead an exercise class along with feeling connected to the participants involved. PARC has an intake of volunteers at the start of every semester and interested students can check its website. Students are encouraged to visit the facility and learn more.

Bundon said the future of PARC will involve expansions to support other facilities, which include training, developing and providing accessible equipment, and sharing knowledge. “We’re really trying to help other places now develop some of this expertise, or some of the resources so that people with disabilities don’t have to come to PARC. They can go to their community centre, they could go to their local gym and get the same quality that they can get at PARC,” said Bundon. For Bundon, the dedication of the PARC team and its community members are integral to its success. “The sort of commitment of everyone to this project in this community is really just incredible in my mind [and] the fact that it’s gone so long and has become such a meaningful part of most lives,” she said. U

UBC Clinic for Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders paves way for dementia treatment by Maya Levajac Researchers at UBC are conducting nationally-recognized research on brain health. Dr. Robin Hsiung, an associate professor in the Faculty of Medicine and a staff neurologist at the UBC Hospital Clinic for Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders researches neurodegenerative diseases. Hsiung’s current study aims to predict early dementia risk and provide intervention for cognitive decline. Neurodegenerative diseases broadly refer to any condition where the nervous system’s cells deteriorate or stop functioning. Alzheimer’s and dementia are often confused as being the same condition; however, Hsiung emphasized that they are distinct. “Dementia is an umbrella term for any cognitive decline,” said Hsiung. “Anyone who has normal cognition, [and] it’s declined as they age, [has] dementia [and] you have to reach a certain level of decline that is actually bad enough to affect your daily activities.” Alzheimer’s is the most common type of dementia, making up 60–70 per cent of all cases. Other dementias include Lewy body dementia, which is closely tied to Parkinson’s disease, vascular dementia, caused by multiple small strokes and even forms of dementia caused by infections like HIV. A decline in short-term memory is characteristic to Alzheimer’s disease and can have multiple detrimental effects,

since short-term memory is a stepping stone to remembering long-term information. Regarding patients, Hsiung explained, “If you cannot even form short-term memory, then they will have difficulty forming any memory.” Clinical treatments for dementia patients are very limited and often address symptoms rather than the root cause. One method involves increasing neurotransmitter production — chemicals in the brain for communication between nerve cells — to slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Though elevating neurotransmitter level appears to improve quality of life, it is not a cure.” “It helps their memory and attention, but it doesn’t really reverse the disease,” said Hsiung. “It may help the symptoms for a year or two and stabilize them briefly, but eventually people are still going to

progress.” Hsiung and his team hope to change the treatment landscape by identifying biomarkers, a measurable biological characteristic that indicates some medical phenomenon. “The biomarkers aim to diagnose people before they have full-fledged dementia. We want to diagnose people earlier and earlier,” said Hsiung. Biomarkers can appear long before symptom onset to signal disease and even act as targets for treatment. PET scans and spinal fluid samples can detect biomarkers like amyloid changes in the brain. These changes can present themselves up to 10 years before the disease’s onset. The role different biomarkers play is hotly debated, making research like Hsiung’s essential. However, while PET scans and spinal

fluid are helpful, they are not practical for routine clinical use. Hsiung said he is excited to develop accurate blood biomarkers in the future — only a blood test would be required, which is accessible and less costly. Hsiung noted UBC’s research has been put on the international scope by discovering two genes called C9ORF72 and TDP 43. Not much is known about C9ORF72 but it appears to be the most common cause of frontotemporal dementia. TDP 43 is a common feature of frontotemporal dementia and related disorders. UBC has provided valuable research and Hsiung’s team is hopeful for the future. “I think the clinical trial program, our clinic, is so successful because of [Hsiung’s] leadership and his knowledge,” said team member Soo Yung. U

Big Brain Time | 15

UBC researchers seek to better understand pain by Maria Radivojevic Pain is a complex and subjective phenomenon — a warning alarm that lets a person know there is a threat to their body that must be addressed to maintain health and safety. In response to noxious stimuli, such as damage to tissues or pain fibres, information is sent through the nervous system to the brain in a process known as nociception. According to UBC neuroscientists, pain is a complex and individual experience influenced by cognitive and emotional processes. Researchers like PhD candidate in experimental medicine Jessica Archibald measure pain by assessing changes in the brain’s electrical activity using electroencephalography (EEG). The experimental set-up involves placing electrodes on the participants scalp and applying different types of painful stimuli. The wave patterns on the EEG are then matched up to the pariticpants’ rating of the painful stimulus. “We also use a scale from one to

ten for subjects to measure pain, and the interesting thing is that something that you might give a nine, I may only give a four,” she said. “We see a lot of variability between subjects in terms of [electrical amplitude] even for the same noxious stimulus.” This means the experience of pain is only partially determined by sensory input. According to Dr. Kenneth Craig, professor emeritus of psychology at UBC and the director of the BC Pain Research Network, the experience of a painful event is not solely the result of the severity of the physical trauma. “The remainder [of the pain experience] is probably accounted for by how one thinks and feels about it.” He explained the experience of pain is very individualistic as a large part of it depends on how the person reacts to the pain. Research has suggested that one’s emotional state

can influence the experience of pain, and data has suggested that factors like stress can exacerbate chronic pain. UBC research is contributing to pain management and further understanding the phenomenon of pain. Archibald’s research is focused on creating objective ways to measure and help people deal with pain. Glutamate, the primary excitatory neurotransmitter in pain signalling, is central to this goal, as are electrical responses in the brain. An objective measure for pain could support the evaluation of pain management therapies to better support patients and help physicians discern pain experiences in those who have trouble communicating. It can also

help researchers better understand the mechanisms driving pain and support the development of ways to manage it, according to one of Archibald’s papers. Craig emphasized the importance of complimenting pain management with consideration for the patient as an individual. “My own preference is to encourage pharmaceutical management, but to also pay attention to the psychological well-being of the individual and their experiences,” said Craig. U

Dr. Annie Ciernia’s lab is investigating the role of epigenetics in autism spectrum disorder by Aditi Mankar Dr. Annie Ciernia’s lab is studying epigenetics to understand how environmental influences impact neurodevelopmental disorders, especially autism spectrum disorder. Her interest in cognitive function and its regulation in autism gradually expanded to studying genes responsible for particular disorders and their importance in regulating brain function. Ciernia, an assistant professor in the department of biochemistry and molecular biology and a member of the Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health, shared the nuances of her research into how epigenetics relate to autism spectrum disorder.

synapses, sites of communication between brain cells, and the other controls chromatin, a protein that associates with DNA to help it organize itself and a crucial epigenetic mechanism. The Ciernia lab set out to explore how these genes influence autism spectrum disorder using a mouse model. “Mice are very social, just like humans and we can look at how the autism gene mutations alter their social preference,” said Ciernia. While behaviours indicative of autism can include repetitive self-injury and repetitive play in children, it can be observed as repetitive grooming and obsessive digging in mice.



Epigenetic mechanisms are based on changes to how genes are expressed or used in the body, without actually changing the DNA sequence itself. These changes are impactful: epigenetics can influence how our cells function, impact the risk of developing diseases like cancer and even explain how experiences can impact physiology across generations. In neurodevelopmental disorders, epigenetic processes are disrupted. Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder made distinctive by altered social communication and language, repetitive behaviours and often immune system disruption. Ciernia’s lab investigates both genetic and environmental autism risk factors and has successfully identified two genes associated with autism. One regulates

Dysregulated immune response factors such as inflammation in pregnancy can increase the risk of having a child with a neurodevelopmental disorder, said Ciernia. To better understand this, the Ciernia lab is looking at resident immune cells in the brain called microglia. Unlike other brain cells, which have a common precursor cell, microglia come from the yolk sac and enter the blood during early embryonic development. Microglia are crucial in shaping how neurons “talk to each other” across development, according to Ciernia. As microglia respond to inflammatory stimuli in the womb and shortly after birth, perturbations during developmental years can result in lifetime impacts. A study published by Ciernia’s group

looked at microglia in the brain of mice born to mothers with asthma as a model chronic illness. The resulting pups scored high for behaviours associated with autism spectrum disorder, and epigenetic differences were seen in genes linked to inflammation and microglial development. Her team is committed to building upon this research. EMBRACING NEURODIVERSITY Keeping the diversity and needs of children in mind, Ciernia doesn’t believe in curing neurodevelopmental disorders and

emphasized the importance of neurodiversity. “The problem is not with people with autism. And I think all of us are a little bit different and special and we should recognize and celebrate that,” said Ciernia. The focus is on making things easier for those with autism. She prefers to talk about making environments more amenable to neurodiverse people. “My lab focuses on trying to understand when brain development is disrupted enough to cause impairments, and how can we help them to adapt and thrive.” U

15 | Big Brain Time

Reality bites: How your brain makes sense of reality by Sophia Russo Neural processes work together to create our idea of everything — a consciousness that perceives reality. All that we know is based on what our brain allows us to experience. So is our perception of reality fundamentally real or rather, a copy of reality limited by what our nervous system will allow? From an idealist perspective, philosophy lecturer Dr. Anders Kraal said some may sympathize with the idea that “everything that is called natural sciences is actually about how the human mind encounters the world, rather than simply the world.” “We don’t have access to [the] external. We only have phenomena as they are experienced by the mind,” said Kraal, referencing an idealist point of view reminiscent of philosophers Immanual Kant and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Philosophers have long debated the nature of reality. But thankfully, science can help armchair philosophers and brain aficionados alike better understand these centuries-old questions — and hopefully add some neuroscience to your daily existential crisis.

realities, and somehow magically, it coordinates them so that most of the time we have the seamless conscious experience,” Enns said. These two streams work together to make sense of our visual space, according to Enns. The brain does this without us even realizing it. According to Dr. Paul Gabias, associate professor in psychology at UBC Okanagan, the brain does not construct reality, but rather extracts reality. He argues framing reality as something to be extracted places

study for UBC experts. “I know perception is miraculous, but we have to try to explain things in ways that make it seem perhaps less miraculous,” Gabias said. WHAT’S IN A MIND Mechanisms governing our perception give insight into how we process reality but fail to address why we experience a conscious understanding of our reality, as opposed to merely responding to it. This is known as the hard problem of consciousness.

WHAT MAKES OUR REALITY? To understand our reality, it is valuable to parse our knowledge down to exemplary theories and mechanisms driving our perception. Evolutionary theory can be used to understand why we experience our perceptual world, otherwise known as the umwelt, according to Dr. Lawrence Ward, a professor in psychology, a member of the Djavad Mowafagian Centre for Brain Health and principal investigator of the Psychophysics and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory. The umwelt is determined by our sensory systems and differs between species, explained Ward. It is believed to have been adapted around the specific information an organism needs to survive and thrive in their niches, which refers to the role an organism plays in its environment. “The [perceivable information] that an animal or a person has are extremely niche relevant and in fact, are quite limited based on the niche,” said Ward. As we perceive the world, our brain is actually constructing multiple different realities, according to Dr. James Enns, professor in psychology, Distinguished University Scholar at UBC and principal investigator of the UBC Vision Lab. At any given time the brain is processing two separate visual streams: vision for perception processes information for the purpose of perceiving things, while vision for action processes information for the execution of movements. Evidence also suggests vision for action is important for the overall perception of a scene and the ability to sense where our bodies are in space. “The brain is constructing multiple

a greater emphasis on the entire network of perception rather than individual senses or even the brain itself. According to Gabias, without its perceptual systems, the brain “can’t do anything.” As a blind man and an expert on visual perception, Gabias emphasized the importance of a holistic approach to perception. “Let’s say blind and sighted people do live in the same world and extract information from that world,” he said. “We really ought to construct a theory of perception that allows us to be able to say that … the information blind people get is equivalent to the information that sighted people get.” From integrating multiple realities to perceiving information relevant to our niche, the mechanisms and theories driving perception remain an essential area of research and topic of

“None of those [neurological and adaptive] mechanisms entail that we should have experience. They all entail that we can control our behaviour and do the right things to persist in an environment but it doesn’t mean that we have to experience that persisting,” said Ward. In other words, the hard problem questions the experience of “qualia or phenomenal experiences, such as seeing, hearing, and feeling, and knowing what they are,” according to a review in Neural Networks. There are multiple models of consciousness, but two of the most prominent are the global workspace and information integration theories. The global workspace theory argues that core subsystems distributed in the brain communicate information with each other in a

“global workspace.” From these intimately connected regions, data is broadcasted to other brain areas and consciousness is born. Global workspace theory assumes sensory input is sequentially converted into conscious output. In contrast, information integration theory considers consciousness “an intrinsic property of the right kind of cognitive network,” according to an article in Quanta Magazine. Unlike global workspace theory, information integration theory asserts that the network can feed back on itself to drive conscious thoughts in a phenomenon known as “causal power.” The more causal power in a network, the more conscious it supposedly is. According to Ward, there are a dozen other theories and they are all shrouded in heavy debate. Earlier this year, he published an article in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience where he posited that consciousness is derived from an electromagnetic field generated by the brain’s electrical activity. The thalamus is also believed to play a crucial role in consciousness, as it acts as a ‘master switch box’ in the brain, where the overwhelming majority of sensory inputs are organized and then sent to the appropriate brain regions for further processing. Studies supports connections between the thalamus and the cortex as important for modifying states of consciousness. Beyond the thalamus, functional magnetic resonance imaging has also been used to characterize brain patterns in conscious and minimally conscious people to reveal distinct patterns in the brain for consciousness. Researchers are continuing to develop strategies to put these different models to the test. But for now, the hard problem of consciousness remains a topic of heated debate. CHICKEN SOUP FOR THE EXISTENTIAL SOUL It appears that neuroscience might support Kraal’s idealist perspective “where what we could consider empirical reality is actually our mind processing external phenomena,” he said. Philosophers and scientists will undoubtedly continue to ponder questions about reality for years to come. In the meantime, Ward offers words of comfort for existentialists to consider — a commentary grounded in an appreciation for interconnectedness, between the circuits in our brains, the niches we occupy and reality itself. “I would argue reality creates us. Reality is there, and it’s sending information to us constantly about itself — and we are part of it,” he said. U






Unwreck the Beach: What’s the AMS Sustainable Action Plan? Jasmine Cadeliña Manango Columnist

The AMS Sustainable Action Plan (ASAP) outlines how your student society will improve its sustainability going forward, based on the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The ASAP is divided into six key categories: facilities operations, business operations, advocacy and leadership, student services, campus coordination and Indigenous coordination. Besides outlining how the AMS will practice sustainability, it also states the AMS’s commitment to ethical and sustainable purchasing, including guidelines for licensees, contractors and employers. FACILITIES OPERATIONS The facilities operations category of the ASAP is designed to address how the AMS operates the Nest and highlights its plans when it comes to developing projects and partnerships to create more innovative sustainable infrastructure and reduce its reliance on the UBC district energy grid. Key aspects of the plan include reducing energy and water usage; reducing overall waste generation; reducing waste stream contamination; increasing access to sustainable sources of water; and increasing use of energy from renewable sources.

The ASAP based on the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

BUSINESS OPERATIONS The ASAP says the AMS has a commitment to investing and developing zero waste programs. Through the ASAP, the AMS plans on developing plant-based menus and promoting OceanWise food products, while reducing the availability of single-use items and increasing the availability of reusable foodware options. The AMS also wants to transition to local suppliers or suppliers whose collection and transportation methods have a “limited impact on the environment.” The AMS also trains team members in proper waste sorting procedures, according to the ASAP. STUDENT SERVICES The AMS plans to advocate for

more affordable on-campus student housing and investing in food insecurity-related programs at UBC by using the AMS Housing Service to help students find affordable housing and ensuring that AMS Student Services can support students going through financial hardships, according to the ASAP. The plan also states the AMS should increase its funding and support for student mental health programs. The ASAP uses a peer-support model to advance student mental health and wellbeing. It also mentions improving existing wellbeing services related to equity and inclusion, women empowerment, healthy masculinity, sexuality, substance use and student safety. The ASAP calls for ensuring the


continued operation of the AMS Sexual Assault Support Centre. ADVOCACY AND LEADERSHIP ASAP advocacy and leadership-related goals include creating more accessible physical activity programming and advocating for more accessible and sustainable transportation options at UBC and around Metro Vancouver. CAMPUS COORDINATION The ASAP also mentions efforts to continue working on the Dashboard — a software tool used to display sustainability-related metrics at the Nest. The report also states the AMS should create more opportunities for students to provide feedback around sustain-

ability. The AMS also wants to work toward increasing the number of applications received for the Sustainable Projects Fund and support both AMS and non-AMS student groups in sustainability efforts. The document also says the AMS should continue its formal partnerships with UBC’s Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) and Sustainability Ambassadors programs. Further collaboration with the University Sustainability Initiative and UBC Campus and Community Planning was also encouraged. The Indigenous coordination section of the ASAP was not included in the final report. The AMS stated that it would work with the AMS Indigenous Committee to create the Indigenous coordination section together to include at a later date. GUIDELINES The ASAP also mentioned working with UBC to create more programming centered on sustainability. The plan also emphasized working closely with student groups like the Student Environment Center and the Climate Hub. The ASAPs next review will occur in 2023. U Unwreck the Beach is The Ubyssey’s sustainability column. Send pitches or topics you’d like covered to sustainability@


Ask Iman: How do I get out of a slump? in a slump, it’s also important to recognize why you’re there. I might not know everything, I know a few things for sure, like if you’re working yourself to the bone to get that A+, you won’t be able to experience all the ‘university experience’ things people rave about. Yeah, yeah I get it — you’re here for the degree. But having fun and making memories matter, as cheesy as that sounds. It’s also important to know when to go to others for help. Your professors and TAs are there to support you with school and your family and friends are there to support you at home. But, sometimes a slump isn’t just a thing to get over, rather, it’s something to talk to a mental health professional about. There is no shame in reaching out to others for support and, if in doubt, you should. So, take that nap and rest. You can start to tackle your slump once you wake up. You’re doing great. Keep it up! U

Iman Janmohamed Opinion + Blog Editor

Dear Iman, I’ve been in a major slump since school started. My dorm is a mess, I can’t keep track of assignments, I never see my friends and well, I just can’t seem to get out of my slump. How can I become productive again? We’re in the final stretch of the semester and oh boy, is it hard. Homesickness is starting to hit and you’re just starting to realize that the elective you took for an easy A is dragging your average way down. It’s slump city. Slumps happen and it’s good that you’re catching it as it comes on, instead of trying to suppress it. I think the best way to overcome a slump is to recognize you need to rest, and then plan how you’ll tackle your ever-expanding to-do list. I know, it’s no fun, but you’ve gotta do it. So, step one: rest. Sleep, stay hydrated, chill, hangout, take time to slow down. This can be especially hard when school deadlines are piling up, but even a night or two of rest will do you good. Burnout is real and you might feel guilty or lazy for taking a break while everyone else is supposedly grinding it out, but hear me out — people need to take breaks and not everyone is 100 per cent productive 100 per cent of the time.

It’s slump city.

I also like to talk to my friends. They’ll understand where you’re coming from, and seeing that you’re not the only person having an absolute dogshit time makes you feel better. I mean, it makes me feel better at least. Having a bad time while your friends are is solidarity, camaraderie and friend-


ship at its finest. After resting, I write down all my tasks — assignments, articles I’m working on, household tasks that need to be completed, groceries I need to buy — and slowly, I get myself to finish all of them. I like lists because you can see things getting crossed off. It’s

motivational that way. And typically, once this list is completely checked off, I feel more comfortable with taking on new tasks, or even relaxing more (which you should be doing anyway!) because I’ve tackled all the things I needed to get done. But, besides recognizing you’re

The author of this column are not mental health professionals. If you need additional support, please contact Student Health Services, the Sexual Assault Support Centre and/or the Wellness Centre. In case of an emergency, call 911. Need advice? Send your questions, queries or problems to advice@, or submit anonymously at!






The Dingbat: Here are new changes to UBC’s academic policy Polina Petlitsyna Contributor

UBC has just announced new changes to its academic policies. So, we broke them down. 1. If the professor is not here in 15 minutes, you are definitely most certainly allowed to leave. 2. If you make eye contact with an engineering physics student, you will have four years of bad luck (in love). 3. To get extra credit for a forestry class, students must blaze it with the professors. Choice of rolling paper must align with the syllabus. 4. Pharmacy students can get extra credit by creating drugs for forestry students to... you get the point. 5. A Sauder degree comes with a free LinkedIn Premium account and a pack of unscented moisturizer (because snake). Why a pack? To share with your network of course! 6. Students double majoring in environmental science and philosophy get free unlimited access to UBC’s Existential Crisis Fund. 7. First-year science students can get an extra 0.5 points in their classes, provided they wanted to study medicine ever since their hamster got asthma in fourth grade. 8. For those who are on the waiting list for a required kinesiology class, don’t wait. Bring

We broke down these new ‘rules,’ so you don’t have to.

your barbell weights to the professor’s office and loudly lift 200 lbs until they lose it and let you into the course. 9. Psychology students are encouraged to make use of their department’s resources. 10. It’s mandatory for AMS executives to take the stairs twice a day to avoid student journalists in the elevators. 11. Graduating Faculty of Arts students are allowed to miss three classes a term to cry inside of a thrift store dressing room. Why? Because capitalism.

12. English majors are allowed to swear (in Old English) if the Starbucks barista spelled their name wrong. They’re also allowed to quote essays from 12th grade to fill the void. Why reach for the tissues when readings are right there on the table? 13. UBC increases eye care coverage exponentially for students in the department of computer science the day before their finals and during virtual dates with their bots. 14. LFS students officially complete their degree once they can


explain what LFS stands for (no really, what is this faculty?). I love land and food! 15. Music students can substitute their required performance courses with a karaoke-whereno-one-can-sing-but-them. Tonight, we all hit that Ariana Grande whistle note, right? (Note: The rhyme wasn’t intentional and poetry is a disease.) 16. Only in education classes can students deconstruct the syllabus (and the terrified non-tenured prof ) in order to succeed. 17. Political science orientation

packages come with a free Machiavelli poster, a fake plant and a pre-law society flyer? Huh? What’s that? How did that get here? 18. After every finals season, gender, race, sexuality and social justice students can apply for their program’s get-more-hand-tattoosand-cartilage-piercings fund. Don’t furrow your bleached brows at me! It’s a real rule! 19. After 90 credits, cognitive systems students are allowed to adopt an AI robot pet and lose sight of all reality. (2050 is around the corner, I can shmell it!) 20. Math students are allowed to... I’m sorry... deserve to... live a happy life. 21. A theology student’s degree is not complete until they have invited at least one stranger to their uncomfortably-welcoming church club. I’ve heard of the banana’d crew, but have you ever been bible’d? 22. In order to grant academic extension in the Faculty of Arts, students must present the following: lactose intolerance, your mom’s jeans and an obsession with Koerner’s Pub. Stop waving your well-manicured hands at me and go take your melatonin! U The Dingbat is The Ubyssey’s humour section. Send pitches and completed pieces to


The Dingbat: Culprit behind Main Mall bunny crime caught Sidney Shaw Staff Writer

On October 19, 20 bunnies were seen hopping down Main Mall. Now, a month later, this number has increased to 100 and is estimated to reach 300 trillion by the end of the semester. The newly-established UBC bunny population has created chaos on campus — jumping in front of bikers, stealing people’s salads mid-forkful and pooping all over the sidewalk. The infestation has cost UBC grounds maintenance millions of dollars in equipment replacements due to accidentally running over bunnies. The student behind the crime was finally caught after MATH 420 midterms were marked, and their Friday night plans were scribbled on the back of an exam: 1. Eat cheetos for dinner 2. Cry for 3 hours, 33 minutes about a failed math exam 3. Bus to Jericho Beach to kidnap bunnies and release them on Main Mall When asked to comment on why they did it, the rabbitology student, who wishes to remain anonymous, claims it was for the benefit of UBC maintenance and student wellness. “The idea came to me like a blessing. After I was waitlisted for

The infestation has cost UBC grounds maintenance millions of dollars.

the bunny therapy workshop, I just felt empty, like there was this void in my life,” they said. “Then I realized, it’s not like there’s a shortage of bunnies in Vancouver, right?” At this point of the interview, the student picked up a fluffle (I kid you not, this is the word for

a group of bunnies) and passionately cried, “Bunnies are basically a synonym for free lawn mowing and fertilizing. Not to mention the much-needed therapy! Wild bunnies don’t require pre-registration or waitlists!” Many other students on campus seem to agree.


Ninety per cent of the student body reported an improvement in mental health since the Main Mall Bunny Arrival (the other 10 per cent reported being traumatized after seeing Kip the Coyote munching happily on the bunnies). However, the UBC biology department is less than convinced.

“At UBC, we only accept the best and brightest,” said Dr. Tree McGregor, associate professor of the Biodiversity Research Centre. “I’m shocked that anyone would be so stupid as to release wild bunnies, thereby creating a founder effect situation and establishing an invasive population.” McGregor is currently petitioning UBC to make first-year ecology classes mandatory for all students to prevent such an incident from occurring again. Meanwhile, the campus coyotes have been careful to keep quiet. Or maybe Kip is just a bit too busy with his ever-expanding family of 500. At the rate that this is going, the legendary KiptheCoyote Instagram may need to be renamed to KiptheWolfpack. (Dr. McGregor would like to comment that a group of coyotes are not the same as a wolf pack to which I reply, “Never trust an academic!”) The Main Mall bunnies are only growing in numbers, much to the indignation of UBC Athletics. A recent petition is calling for UBC’s mascot to be changed into the ‘Thunderbunnies,’ leaving the newly printed T-Bird jerseys useless. U The Dingbat is The Ubyssey’s humour section. Send pitches and completed pieces to


The Dingbat: New student workout plan to save minutes and money to build muscle Jessica Norn Contributor

I’m deep into midterms and all I want to do is curl up under my blankets with my ramen and Taylor Swift’s Midnights. But, there’s always a sneaking little reminder working its way into my head. I forgot to workout. This thought never leaves me, especially since I made that same old New Year’s resolution back in January. “2022 is my year,” I told everyone. “This year, I will not turn into another reclusive bed-gremlin. Just you watch, this year I will finally have my shit together.” Well trust me, my shit was nowhere to be found (except the toilet, but you know!). No. Between all my classes and the barren remains of what was once described as “a social life,” I managed to curate the most time-efficient way to stay active while saving time. Oh yes, I’m saving minutes and money while building muscle. The daily routine starts with the usual: sleeping in. Now, it might feel counterintuitive, but trust me here. I just keep hitting snooze until I’m running at the risk of missing class. Then, I have to jump out of bed, and race around the room, kicking off this cardio-intense daily


My shit was nowhere to be found (except the toilet)!

routine. I make sure to leave everything dumped on the ground from the night before; bending down to pick everything up is a nice little trick to activate those abs. Then I just keep that heart rate up by running for the bus, and when I hop on, I’ve already got that “healthy glow” and rosy cheeks. It’s the perfect life hack to hide that dead look from the midterm grind. Now, since I’m always on the last bus I can take to still get to class, it’s another sprint across campus to make it on time.

The best part? I get in my arm workout at the same time. Just ignore your chiropractor and buy all physical copies of your textbooks and carry them around wherever you go. It tones the back without any extra time. Next, I keep up with all that cardio by scheduling classes back-toback on opposite sides of campus, so it’s another run. After my morning classes, I’ve got a few hours to spare, so I grab a much-needed lunch before moving on to the next part of this full-body workout.

Simply head on over to the library and prepare to work those luscious sweatpant-wrapped legs, as you walk the stairs up to the top floor to study for the next few hours before your next class. And if I’m really feeling it, I like to target my glutes by doing lunges up the stairs to really plump that rear end. But of course, once this long and active day is finally over, I like to finish it off with a final energizing cardio session by running for the bus to get home and getting that mental espresso shot to finish up

readings and assignments. My friends might say I’m “losing it” and those people in the library might say that I’m “that weird person” they “should call security on” when they see me using the library’s special collection of 17th-century anatomy encylopedias as weights to get those reps, but just wait. Because this year, I’m sticking to my goals. This is my year. U The Dingbat is The Ubyssey’s humour section. Send pitches and completed pieces to


The Dingbat: Our favourite foolproof excuses to request an extension professor is one of these yassified horoscope fanatics, this is the best excuse to use. Nobody would dare to leave their house during retrograde, so what’s a pesky little assignment? Bonus points if you manage to say “mercury is in retrograde” and not “in gatorade” (Yes, I spend too much time on TikTok).

Shanai Tanwar Senior Staff Writer

We’re at that point in the semester when everyone around you is sniffling, UberEats has become your best friend and you’re falling behind in at least one course (or let’s be honest, all of your courses). If you’re still going to class, you inspire me to be a better version of myself everyday. Except, I choose to do nothing with this inspiration whatsoever. But on the off-chance that you are also just a burnt-out human being whose middle name is procrastination, this is for you. Because honestly, no matter how much you say “this week is really crazy for me! But, I can do it.” you know it’s about damn time to ask for an extension. Got a paper whose prompt immediately gave you mental diarrhea? Or perhaps an assignment that seems to suck the soul right out of you the minute you open the tab? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered with these foolproof excuses to get you out of doing your work (for now). “I WAS PERSONALLY VICTIMIZED BY KIP THE COYOTE.” I know I’m slandering my favourite campus canine by suggesting this one, but for the greater good of


I was personally victimized by Kip the Coyote.

humanity I had to. The UBC equivalent of “my dog ate my homework,” this excuse is foolproof for a couple of reasons. Firstly, how the fuck is your professor going to verify that you were, indeed, attacked/hunted/ stalked by a coyote? Secondly, your professor is


probably just as scared of coyotes as you are, so by the time they even read the first line of your extension email, they’ll be on their knees trying to give it to you. “MERCURY IS IN RETROGRADE.” I’m willing to bet money on the

fact that there are definitely some professors out here who are secretly astrology hoes. I have a sneaking suspicion that many exist in the English department, and almost all of them must congregate outside Buchanan Tower every full moon. If you know for sure that your

This one’s for my pals who have class in West Mall Swing Space, or just generally find themselves strolling around the Ponderosa/ Marine area. Truly, I feel for you. Any aesthete could prove (in under 2 seconds) how dirty Cumbria (yeah... that’s what the yellow things are called) did the art world when it found itself plopped on our campus. The victims? All the people who have to walk past it every day. If I were your professor, rest assured you’d have an extension not just for this paper, but I’d personally write hate mail to the university for putting this unit up in the first place. If your prof actually loves you, they would do the same. U The Dingbat is The Ubyssey’s humour section. Send pitches and completed pieces to





UBC Volleyball celebrates Pride Night in colourful fashion Words by Shruthi Chockkalingam Photos by Miriam Celebiler and Isabella Falsetti Rainbow flags hung all around War Memorial Gym as Thunder and DJ Nasri mixes greeted fans at UBC Volleyball’s fifth annual Pride Night on Friday. The event started in 2018 as a partnership between UBC Volleyball and the Vancouver Gay Volleyball Association and has been going strong ever since. This year’s Pride Night, supporting the non-profit organization Qmunity, was hosted in collaboration with UBC’s Pride Collective. “The Pride Collective is an organization that represents all Queer students on campus,” explained member Isabelle Rowe-Cod-

ner. Standing at her booth in the lobby along with other members of the group, she welcomed attendees with assorted pronoun buttons and a tri-fold display detailing how to get connected to the organization. “I think events like this are really good for visibility of queerness on campus … it’s very important that every person on campus is aware of the fact that queerness exists all around them and Queer people feel safe in their day-to-day lives,” she added. Puffy jackets and toques were the outfits of choice for the people pouring into the

building as the night kicked off. The cold November weather didn’t dampen creativity, as fans worked the Pride theme into their outfits with rainbow flower necklaces, wigs and even suspenders. “We used dry erase markers, face paint, anything,” said Marley Hearn, a student in the stands. Inside the gym, there was no shortage of excitement. The stellar play by the women’s volleyball team as they shut out the University of Alberta Golden Bears 3–0, and the thrilling, hard-fought men’s match up that

NOVEMBER 22, 2022 TUESDAY | SPORTS+REC | 21 resulted in a 3–1 loss for the T-Birds, was only the beginning of the story. The Thunderbird Marching Band supplied tunes to increase the energy, the dance team showed off some moves, and there were plenty of goodies to go around. Members of the crowd jockeyed for t-shirts thrown into the stands, and a select few competed in volleyball serving contests during the set breaks for a chance to win lululemon gift cards. Though the event stood out in terms of entertainment value alone, there was a deeper reason behind some fans’ participation. Kate White, a mom, brought her family along to enjoy the festivities. “Why we wanted to come tonight is, we actually brought our daughters … I think it’s nice for them to come out and see what’s going on and be exposed to different things.” As the audience cheered them on, the women’s volleyball team put on a show, winning set after set. Lucy Borowski impressed with 14 digs and 15 kills in the victory, and Elise Petit made her mark with 5 aces and 9 kills. “[The game] was a lot of fun, big crowd, definitely,” said Borowski. With the win, the T-Birds improved to 7–0 on the Canada West season. Libero Kacey Jost elaborated on what Pride looks like within the context of the volleyball

“Sport just brings people together, and if done positively, can really be a catalyst for change.”

team. “As a team, we wanted to create a space that was super inclusive to everybody and anybody. I know sports sometimes can be a super intimidating place for anybody, but I also think that LGBTQIA2S+ community really needs to see that this is a place for them,” she said. The men’s team, which took the floor after the women, fell short of success but had their own share of outstanding performances. Michael Dowhaniuk singlehandedly scored 20 kills on the night and topped it off with 6 digs, while Matt Neaves managed 13 kills, 9 digs and 3 aces. As the evening wound down, men’s volleyball head coach Mike Hawkins reflected on how sports events like Pride Night can serve as a vehicle for good. “I think sport, in general, can be a catalyst for positivity or negativity. There are both ends of that spectrum. I think if done correctly, if pushed in the right direction, sports is the greatest catalyst for love, for positivity, for celebration, for uniting different cultures, uniting countries,” he said. “Sport just brings people together, and if done positively, can really be a catalyst for change.” U


CROSSWORD PUZZLE ACROSS 1. ___ Gay 6. Squeezes (out) 10. Beat it! 14. Wanderer 15. Rhythmic swing 16. Small combo 17. Peace goddess 18. Cong. meeting 19. Corrosion 20. Musical aptitude 21. Born yesterday, so to speak 23. Boat spines 24. Ignominy

26. Try 27. Current 29. Army unit 31. Girder type 32. Jazz genre 33. Failure 36. Make urban 40. Malt beverage 41. Useful 42. Neat as ___ 43. Novelist Calvino 44. Ultimatum words 46. Hardy equestrian creatures 48. Dispatch boat

49. Fab Four name 50. Unconscious states 52. Vespa rider, perhaps 55. Actress Turner 56. Cab 57. The Family Circus cartoonist Bil 59. “Hard ___!” (sailor’s yell) 60. Gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans 61. Surpass 62. Blackbird 63. Hostelries 64. Holmes’s creator

22. Qty. 23. Greek letter 25. German Mister 26. Horse’s gait 27. Peru’s capital 28. The third man 29. Big fiddle? 30. Drama award 32. Seethe 33. Tact 34. Israeli weapons 35. Sandy tract 37. External 38. School orgs.

39. Scottish refusals 43. Sharon’s land 44. Reproductive cells 45. Dared 46. ___ of Two Cities 47. Less loony 48. Not quite right 49. Close with force 50. ___ Crunch 51. Yoked pair 53. Like Nash’s lama 54. Remove from text 56. Skater Babilonia 58. Skeleton starter

DOWN 1. Fort ___, captured by U.S. forces in 1814 2. “A Doll’s House” heroine 3. Exaggerate 4. Author Deighton 5. Places of contest 6. Beast of Borden 7. Capital of Ukraine 8. More 9. Ave. crossers 10. Emphasis 11. Container for oil or vinegar 12. Brides walk down it 13. Small children






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