MUET 21 JUNE 2017
5 By MAWAR MUSTAFA ACCORDING to a Malay proverb, a small fire can be your friend but a big one will be your foe. The flames from a fire may sway prettily on the candles of your birthday cake and shine brightly in ornamental oil lamps or rattan torches during festive seasons. However, the truth is, even a very small fire can spread uncontrollably and burn down a whole building. Fire
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moves at an incredible speed. A house can be burnt down in just minutes while setting other houses ablaze. Contrary to popular belief, most deaths in fires are not caused by flames, but by smoke inhalation. Smoke often renders its victims
weak in a short time; they become helpless and are thus hindered from getting to an exit. Smoke consists of components that can each be deadly by itself. Many of today’s household furniture are made from synthetic materials which release dangerous substances
when burnt. Apart from producing smoke, fire can harm or kill because it can use up the oxygen or displace it with other gases. This will lower the level of oxygen in the air. If these gases heat up to an extremely high degree, they can burn
How to make your home fireproof
Source: Fire Prevention Council Malaysia and Fire and Rescue Department
Stay calm and sound the alarm to alert other residents. Shout to alert everyone in the house. If the room is filled with smoke and visibility is poor, crawl out with your nose not more than 2.5cm (one inch) above floor to the exit. If your clothing catches fire, roll on the floor to put out the flames.
Never go back inside to save others or pets unless there is no danger.
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Turning down the heat
In case of a fire
Stay calm and let the rescue team do their job. Call 999 or the nearest fire station.
Don’t stop to collect valuables or to look for pets.
Close the door after coming out to limit oxygen from outside entering.
Save your family and yourself first by using the emergency exit. EXIT
Do a head count of your family members once you are outside the house and inform the rescue team if anyone is missing.
Student essay and teacher analysis
the respiratory tract. Just one breath can kill, if the air is hot enough. Four out of five fire-related deaths occur in the home. Should a fire break out in your house, there are some things that you must do (and avoid). The infographic below offers some information on what you should do in the case of a house fire. Read it carefully. Then, complete the activities that follow.
Flammable material ● Store hairsprays and mosquito aerosol repellents away from fire sources. ● Reduce the use of furniture made from highly combustible plastic, synthetic foam mattress and clothing unless they are fire retardant. Kitchen ● When cooking, do not let oil burn unattended. ● If a fire breaks out, don’t pour water as fire will grow. ● Put out fire by using a fire blanket or wok cover. ● Avoid leaving the kitchen while cooking. Electrical appliances ● Avoid having more than one electrical appliance using the same socket. This can lead to overloading and burning. ● Keep heat-emitting electrical appliances at least 1m away from curtains, furniture and other flammable material. ● Switch off power sockets when not in use. ● Make sure electrical appliances are Sirim approved. Smoke detector ● Instal a smoke detector on the ceiling in the bedroom, kitchen and stairwell. ● Test smoke detectors once a month to make sure the alarm is working. Fire extinguisher ● Hang on the wall at shoulder level – keep at least one in the kitchen and one in the corridor. ● Look for ABC dry powder or multipurpose extinguisher which can be used on carbon-based material, oil and electrical equipment because they are non-conductors of electricity. ● Service it annually.
In the table below, support positive action by placing a tick next to the sentence. Place a cross to indicate dangerous action. ACTION
✓ OR X
Stay calm and shout “FIRE! FIRE!” to alert everyone.
Call your nearest neighbour to help put out the fire.
Make sure you have gathered all your valuables before you leave the burning house.
Find your pets and take them with you as you leave the house.
Use the emergency exit to save your family and yourself first.
After escaping through the emergency door, close it to keep outside oxygen from going in.
If anyone from the house is missing, quickly go back inside to save them.
If your pets are still trapped inside the house, make sure that the house is out of danger first before going inside to find them.
If your clothes catch fire, roll on the floor to put out the flames.
10. If you can hardly see around the room because of the heavy smoke, get down and crawl to the exit with your nose not more than 2.5cm (one inch) above the floor. 11. If there is a fire in the kitchen, immediately pour water on it to stop the fire from spreading. 12. Help the rescue team do their job.
Derivatives are formed from other words by derivation, such as “preventable” from “prevent”. Knowing the root form of a word can help widen your vocabulary. Can you determine which words from the infographic are derived from these root words?
9. Electric 10. Equip
Field Of vision
10 Residents 10. D
A synonym is a word or expression that has similar meaning to another. Knowing synonyms can help you express yourself better and more clearly, whether in writing or in speaking. The words in the first column of the table on the right are words taken from the infographic. The words in the second column are their synonyms. Can you match the words to their synonyms?
WORD FROM INFOGRAPHIC
ANSWERS: 1. F 2. H
ROOT WORD 1. Repel
ANSWERS: 1. Repellents 2. Emitting 3. Flammable 4. Detector 5. Extinguisher 6. Residents 7. Multipurpose 8. Non-Conductor 9. Electricity; electrical 10. Equipment