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raffi Raffi D. Boghossian, B.A., B.A., MVA MVA Associate Broker Market Value Appraiser

EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES

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Raffi at

416-497-9794

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Volume 4, No. 8 (44), JUNE 2009 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper

BUYING OR SELLING REAL ESTATE


2

ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

Henry Ghazalian


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ÐÝ·³Ù»³ÏÇÝ ÝáõÇñáõ³Í

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HTAC SASSOON DANCE GROUP

5th anniversary special event Artistic Director & Choreographer JOE AVAKIAN, Assistant Instructor SOSSY AVAKIAN

2009

June 20

3:00 pm & 7:30 pm Ð³Û ºñÇï³ë³ñ¹³Ï³Ý λ¹ñáÝ Armenian Youth Centre

50 Hallcrown place (HWY 401 & Victoria Park)

Þ³µ³Ã 20 ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ºñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ųÙÁ 8:00-ÇÝ Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ ëñ³ÑÇÝ Ù¿ç (45 Hallcrown Place, Toronto)

г׻ó¿ù г׻ó¿ù ݳ˳å¿ë ݳ˳å¿ë ³å³Ñáí»É ³å³Ñáí»É Ó»ñ Ó»ñ ë»Õ³ÝÝ»ñÁ ë»Õ³ÝÝ»ñÁ ϳåáõ»Éáí` ϳåáõ»Éáí` êûëÇ Â³ß×»³ÝÇÝ 416 614-8384 ܳÛÇñÇ Ð³Ùµ³ñ»³ÝÇÝ 416 441-0287 سñû äûÕá뻳ÝÇÝ 416 283-6220 ØáõïùÇ Ýáõ¿ñ $55

Ð³Û ¸³ïÇ ïáõñùÁ Ý»ñ³é»³É

ø³ç³É»ñ»ÉÇ ¿ ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ï³ñ³½áí Ù³ëݳÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ

Tickets $25 For more information & tickets please call Holy Trinity Armenian Church office: îáÙë»ñÁ 416-431-3001 ѳٳñ³Ï³Éáõ³Í »Ý. ²×³å³ñ»ó¿ù ³å³Ñáí»Éáõ Sis Abajian: 416-312-4098 Ó»ñ ³ÃáéÁ Mary Tawid: 416-897-4855


4

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Osana Mksy-Artinian AMP Mortgage Specialist

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2009 12 ¸.ÚáõÝÇë î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

ä²ð²ðàôºêîÆ àôêàôØܲð²Ü вز¼¶²ÚÆÜ

Ð²Ú ÎðÂ²Î²Ü ºô ØÞ²Îàô²ÚÆÜ ØÆàôº²Ü §¶È²Òàð¦ زêܲÖÆôÔÀ

Ðáí³Ý³õáñáõû³Ùµ ¶³Ý³ï³Ñ³Ûáó ²é³çÝáñ¹ ¶»ñß. î¿ñ ´³·ñ³ï ºåÇëÏáåáë ¶³Éëï³Ý»³ÝÇ åÇïÇ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõÇ

γñÇùÁ áõÝÇ Ð³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý å³ñ³ñáõ»ëïÇ ³ñÑ»ëï³í³ñÅ ·»Õ³ñáõ»ëï³Ï³Ý ջϳí³ñå³ñáõëáÛóÇ£

ETCHMIADZIN A musical ºÉáÛà ÏþáõݻݳÝ

ØáÝÃñ¿³É¿Ý ê. ¶ñÇ·áñ Èáõë³õáñÇã гÛó. سÛñ ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ

ÎáÙÇï³ë ºñ·ã³ËáõÙµÁ »õ ¶³éÝÇ ä³ñ³ËáõÙµÁ

îûݳËÙµ»Éáõ г۳ëï³Ý»³Ûó ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ Ð³ñëïáõû³Ý »õ øñÇëïáÝ»³Û ²½·ÇÝ ÌÝáõݹÁ ÜáõÇñáõ³Í ÐÇõëÇë³ÛÇÝ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ 110-ñ¹ »õ ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ ²é³çÝáñ¹áõû³Ý 25-ñ¹ ï³ñ»¹³ñÓÝ»ñáõÝ

Celebrating the cultural wealth of the Armenian Church and The Birth of the Christian Nation Dedicated to the 110th Anniversary of the Armenian Church in North America And the 25th Anniversary of the Diocese in Canada

лï³ùñùñáõáÕÝ»ñ¿Ý ÏÁ ËݹñáõÇ ¹ÇÙ»É

The Komitas Choir of St. Gregory the Illuminator Armenian Cathedral

å³ñ³ñáõ»ëïÇ Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõóÇ㪠êÇÉí³ Ê³ã³ïáõñ»³ÝÇÝ - 416-733-9924 ϳ٠ÜáõÝáõß êáɳù»³ÝÇÝ - 416-833-3035 γ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõû³Ùµ` Organized by

And

Garni Dance Ensemble ܳ˳ӻéÝáõû³Ùµ »õ سëݳÏóáõû³Ùµ` ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ ê. ºññáñ¹áõÃÇõÝ Ð³Ûó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ ØÇëÇëáϳÛÇ ê. ì³ñ¹³Ý гÛó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ Ð³ÙÇÉÃÁÝÇ ê. سñdz٠гÛó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ ê¿Ýà ¶³ÃñÇÝ½Ç ê. ¶ñÇ·áñ Èáõë³õáñÇã гÛó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ àõÇÝïëáñÇ ê. Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ Ð³Ûó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ The Holy Trinity Armenian Apostolic Church of Toronto St. Vartan Armenian Apostolic Church of Mississauga St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church of Hamilton St. Gregory the Illuminator Arm. Apost. Church of St. Catharines The Holy Resurrection Armenian Apostolic Church of Windsor

(416-431-3001) (905-549-2711) (905-549-2711) (905-685-8701) (905-549-2711) (416-431-3001) (905-549-2711) (905-549-2711) (905-685-8701) (905-549-2711)

Þ³µ³Ã, 27 ÚáõÝÇë 2009, »ñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ųÙÁ 7:30-ÇÝ Saturday June 27, 2009 at 7:30 p.m.

The Global Kingdom Ministry ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ ëñ³ÑÇÝ Ù¿ç 1250 Markham Road, Toronto. îáÙë»ñáõ ѳٳñ ѳ׻ó¿ù Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»É í»ñáÛÇß»³É »Ï»Õ»óÇÝ»ñáõ ·ñ³ë»Ý»³ÏÝ»ñÁ:

For tickets please call Churches offices

Adult $ 35.00

Students $ 20.00


Ðයôàð ØîàðàôØܺð

13

ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

§Æ±Üâ ¶àðÌ àôÜÆØ ²ÞʲðÐÆ ìð²Ú¦

§Ò»ñ Ï»³ÝùÁ ÙßáõßÇÝ å¿ë ¿, áñ ϳñ× Å³Ù³Ý³Ï ÙÁ Ïþ»ñ»õÇ »õ ³å³ Ïþ³Ý»ñ»õáõóݳۦ (Ú³Ïáµáë 4.14)£

гٳ¹ñ»óª ¶»Õ³ñ¹ ìñ¹. øÇõëå¿ù»³Ý

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19

ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

2009 Faculty for the Genocide and Human Rights University Program Eight renowned genocide scholars will lead students this summer in tackling the challenging and critical phenomenon of genocide through an intensive twoweek program. The scholars, who are the faculty of the Genocide and Human Rights University Program (GHRUP), represent a variety of specializations, including history, sociology, philosophy, political science and international law, providing the students with a strongly interdisciplinary, as well as comparative approach. "I am deeply gratified to work with such a distinguished, dedicated and caring group of scholars,” said Prof. Roger W. Smith, Director of the GHRUP. "The expertise they bring to research in their respective subject specialties is well recognized. Perhaps less well known is the personal engagement and concern for the students they bring to their teaching. Having both faculty and students come together from around the world in such an intensive seminar creates a learning experience and bonding far different from that of a conventional course. The faculty members stand ready to respond to student inquiries not only during the program, but also afterward. Personally, I think of the students as junior colleagues and enjoy staying in touch with them as they

Prof. Maureen S. Hiebert

progress in their careers.” Returning as faculty this year will be: Joyce A. Apsel, Master Teacher, New York University; Doris Bergen, Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe Chair in Holocaust Studies, Department of History at the University of Toronto; Maureen S. Hiebert, Assistant Professor, Law and Society Program, University of Calgary; Herbert Hirsch, Prof. of Government and Public Affairs, Vi r g i n i a C o m m o n w e a l t h University and co-editor of Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal; William A. Schabas, Director, Irish Human Rights Centre, National University of Ireland; and Roger W. Smith, Prof. Emeritus of Government, College of William and Mary. The Institute is pleased to

welcome back previous faculty members Richard Hovannisian, Professor of Armenian and Near Eastern History at the University of California, Los Angeles, and Major Brent Beardsley, Chief Instructor of the Canadian Forces Peacekeeping Training Center. In 1993 and 1994, Major Beardsley served as the Personal Staff Officer to then Major-General Romeo Dallaire, the Force Commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, and was an eye-witness to the genocide there. In explaining his commitment to teaching the history of the Armenian case, Prof. Hovannisian wrote, "There is much to be learned from approaching the Armenian Genocide as the prototype of modern mass-killings. Placing that Armenian legacy in comparative perspective with other such cases assists students, teachers, and human rights supporters in their quest for a more tolerant and peaceful world." Joining the faculty for the first time will be Professor Samuel Totten, who has taught at the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, since 1987. He is a member of the Council of the Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide (Jerusalem), and the Centre for Genocide Studies (Sydney, Australia). Totten has authored numerous articles and has edited numerous volumes on

Prof. Samuel Totten

presenters, and the quality and diversity of the student participants.” While Prof. William Schabas, who travel from Ireland to participate in the program, said: “The GHRUP is a unique educational activity, with its intensive focus on the crime of genocide. It attracts some of the brightest students from around the world, who come to the programme with informed and intelligent questions about the nature of the crime, its antecedents, and ideas about how to prevent it in the future. It has become, for me, an essential element of the academic calendar each year.” The program, which takes place in Toronto from August 3 to August 14, 2009, will appeal to a wide variety of students interested in various cases of genocide, their comparative study, as well as broader issues of human rights.

genocide. From 2000 to 2005 he served as book review editor of the Journal of Genocide Research. And since 2005, he has been a Coeditor of Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal. In 2003-2004, he was a member of the US State D e p a r t m e n t ’s A t r o c i t i e s Documentation Project investigating the genocide in Applicants of GHRUP must be Darfur. Upon being invited to the current university students with three years or more of program this year, Prof. Totten undergraduate experience. wrote, “Let me first say that I am honoured to be asked to take part Limited scholarships are available for qualified students. The in the Genocide and Human Rights University Program. For years deadline for application is May now, I have followed the 31, 2009. More details at development of the program. I've www.genocidestudies.org. been extremely impressed with Tel: 416-250-9807, both the focus and rigor of the Email: admin@genocidestudies.org. program, the quality of the

ANC of Toronto Holds First Annual Hai Tad Day Over two hundred members of the Toronto Armenian community gathered at the Armenian Community Centre on May 22, 2009, to take part in the first annual Hai Tad Day organized by the Armenian National Committee of Toronto (ANCT). The informative session which focused on major Armenian issues featured presentations by ANCT Chairman Shahen Mirakian, Armenian National Committee of Canada (ANCC) Executive Director Aris Babikian and Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) Chairman Ken Hachikian. Mirakian described the purpose of the Hai Tad Day as “one of the ways in which we communicate with the Canadian Armenian community in the Greater Toronto Area and let them know about the efforts of the Armenian National Committee in promoting the issues they care about in Toronto, across Canada and throughout North America.” Mirakian discussed the responsibilities of ANCT, activities and initiatives of the organization throughout the past year, as well as future projects. ANCT member Boghos Boghossian presented the new Frequent Donor Program which enables supporters to donate just a few dollars each month through a PayPal secured system, and discussed the need for ANCT to raise funds on an ongoing basis to continue to confront a growing opposition. Each and every

donation will help ANCT increase the ability of the Toronto Armenian community to influence the critical decisions impacting Armenia, Karabagh, and the Armenian people. ANCC Executive Director Aris Babikian informed the audience about the work performed by the Ottawa office, especially the persistent opposition from the Turkish lobby constantly attempting to find “back doors” to try to overturn the Canadian government's recognition of the Armenian Genocide. Hachikian discussed several topics, via a live video stream from Washington D.C., including President Obama's April 24th statement, U.S Foreign Aid to Armenia, the Congressional Armenian Genocide resolution (House Resolution 252), the current situation in Nagorno-Karabakh and various other issues of concern to the community. "Although the Armenian American community and the Armenian community worldwide felt incredibly betrayed when President Obama issued his annual statement on April 24, omitting the word Genocide, it is critical for us all to remember that we must not feel defeated," stated ANCA Chairman Ken Hachikian. "In fact, we should be motivated to take action; I encourage each and every Armenian in the United States and Canada to raise their level of participation in fighting for the Armenian Cause and to make a personal commitment to action," he added.

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2009 20¸.ÚáõÝÇë î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

Ryerson University apologizes for Ataov event and reaffirms its commitment to uphold the truth On February 18, 2009, The Department of Sociology at Ryerson University, and the Federation of Canadian Turkish Associations organized an evening lecture on campus titled "Elaborations on Turkish strategies to dealing with issues around Armenian Allegations and beyond". The lecture was delivered by Professor Turkkaya Ataov, a leading denier of the Armenian Genocide. The lecture was equivalent to NeoNazi propaganda presented to deny the Jewish Holocaust. Prof. Ataov trivialized the reality of the Armenian Genocide and presented the usual Turkish Government's views. Ryerson University’s student body was outraged by the fact that such an event had been cosponsored by a department of their university and raised concerns through letters and by signing petitions which included names of approximately 300 Ryerson students. After several meetings with department heads and administration, Dr. Sheldon Levy, the president of Ryerson University, in a letter to Sally Sahagian, the president of the Armenian Students’ Association at Ryerson University, apologized to the Ryerson community by stating, “On behalf of Ryerson University, I would like to apologize for the pain and suffering experienced in particular by the members of the Armenian Community as a result of this event”. He then assured the student body that the university’s views were in line with that of the Canadian Government, the International Association of Genocide Scholars and the hundreds of historians and experts researching the topic internationally. Dr. Levy stated, “Ryerson University supports Prime Minster Harper’s statement on behalf of all Canadians that the Armenian Genocide is a historical fact, unquestionably part of the historical record with tremendous suffering.” Ryerson University’s response indicated that although the university is a space where students can practice their freedom of speech, the university will not become an accomplice to racism and genocide denial. This form of hate propaganda has no place in our academic and scholarly circles. The administration of Ryerson University, through its principled stand, has proven to remain true to the role of the university as an institution committed to upholding the truth. The Armenian Students’ Association at Ryerson University together with all its members and the Armenian Community at large would like to thank the Ryerson University administration for identifying genocide denial as a threat to academia and society at large, consequently taking a principled stand against the crime of genocide.

Scenes from the heated argument that broke out between students, ANCC Executive Director Aris Babikian and Ataov during Ataov°s lecture at Ryerson University on February 18. Ataov and Babikian (far right)

Genocide Denial at Ryerson Ends with Apology

By Raffi Sarkissian

The Department of Sociology at Ryerson University and the Federation of Canadian Turkish Associations organised an evening lecture by Turkkaya Ataov, a leading denier of the Armenian Genocide on February 18, 2009 at Ryerson University. The website dedicated to his North American tour stated: “The Ataov conference series is designed to inform the Turkish American community on the issues related to the so-called Armenian Genocide with the goal to achieve a unified stand on the issues.” The event was in fact a tutorial on how to deny the Armenian Genocide, much like the denial of the Jewish Holocaust by pseudo-historians. This raised many eyebrows amongst the students and staff at Ryerson University who were concerned that a Cana­ dian academic institution was complicit in genocide denial. After hundreds of letters of complaint, a student petition, and meetings with Ryerson administration, the Armenian Students’ Association at Ryerson finally received a letter of apology from the president, Dr. Sheldon Levy, which reads: “On behalf of Ryerson University, I would like to apologize for the pain and suffering experienced in particular by the members of the Armenian Community as a result of this event” Dr. Levy also displayed the university’s commitment to uphold the truth by setting the record straight regard­ ing the Armenian Genocide when he said, “Ryerson University supports Prime Minister Harper’s statement on behalf of all Canadians that the Armenian Genocide is a historical fact, unquestionably part of the historical record with tremendous suffering.” According to genocide scholars, genocide denial is the last stage of the very crime of genocide. Further­ more, the prevention of future cases relies heavily on how we approach similar cases that have occurred in the past. Many societies have undergone the psycho­

logical and physical trauma caused by genocide denial, yet we allow it to happen under the guise of freedom of speech. One such example is Sudan, where the international community is currently witnessing the ongoing genocide while the president of the country, Omar al-Bashir, continues to deny his actions. It’s a prime example of how dangerous denial can be when we fail to recognize the pain and suffering genocide victims are forced to experience. A pain perpetuated by the indifference of the international community and denial by the perpe­ trator. The manipulation of public opinion, the educational system, academia, and politics are all methods em­ ployed by the government of Turkey to pursue genocide denial domestically and abroad. Article 301 of the Turkish Penal Code, an example of one such policy which incriminates anyone who dares to mention the Armenian Genocide, has already been the cause for the assassination of Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink in January 2007 by an ultra nationalist Turk in Istanbul. Although the university is an arena that fosters freedom of speech, it is not a place for the type of discrimination and racism produced by the deniers of genocides. Ryerson University’s recent apology and commitment to uphold the truth regarding the Armenian Genocide is exemplary. With the recent letter, Ryerson has sent a strong message to deniers that our academic institutions will not be deceived into sponsoring genocide or tricked to pursue the agenda of a foreign government. Thus, Ryerson University has in a small way con­ tributed to the prevention of future genocides together with safeguarding the rights of the victims and their descendents, who have the right to mourn, remember, and share this historical reality free from further perse­ cution, threats, and discrimination.

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ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

Obama Alienates Armenian Americans By Khatchig Mouradian If President Obama’s plan were to completely alienate Armenian Americans in the first year of his presidency, it’s safe to say he has reached his goal in record time. Two weeks after betraying his campaign promise to properly acknowledge the Armenian Genocide, Obama broke yet another promise to Armenian Americans who had staunchly supported him during his presidential campaign—he tilted the military aid parity between Armenia and Azerbaijan in favour of the latter, and proposed allocating less aid to Armenia than it received in 2008. The two Armenian American groups—the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) and the Armenian Assembly—that for years have struggled against genocide denial and for—at least—an even-handed approach to Armenia and Azerbaijan, issued strongly worded state­ ments expressing their disappointment over the Obama’s most recent betrayal of promise. But little has been written about the community’s disappointment and outrage over what it views as the continuous stream of blows from the Obama Administra­ tion in recent weeks. The community leaders, commentators, and activists attested to that anger. “The Armenian American community in California was taken aback by President Obama’s proposed budget that significantly slashes U.S. aid to Armenia in favour of a boost to Azerbaijan,” said Ara Khachatourian, the English-section editor of “Asbarez,” a newspaper based in California, which is home to close to a million Arme­ nians. “Coming on the heels of his disappointing an­ nouncement on April 24, his budget proposal has angered this community, which in droves voted for him and his agenda for change. Not only has there been no positive change, but there have been further setbacks that could adversely affect Armenians around the world,” he added. Boston-based activist Ara Nazarian agrees. “Soon after breaking his campaign promise to properly recognize the Armenian Genocide and strong-arming the Armenian government into issuing a shameful joint communiqué with Turkey on the eve of the 94th anniversary of the genocide, President Obama has broken yet another campaign promise,” he said. “The president’s muchtouted message of change and hope and his commitment to the pursuit of justice and human rights seems to bypass the concerns of the Armenian American community. This is especially troubling given his inspiring and energizing campaign promising to break with the expedient politics of the old. While Obama’s presidency is in its infancy, the Armenian American community is experiencing déjà vu all over again,” he added. Activist George Aghjayan from Worcester, Mass. wonders what Armenia gained in return for the conces­ sions it made during its recent negotiations—under U.S. pressure—with Turkey. “Armenia has given up much over the last few weeks: signing a “road map” agreement that derailed U.S. presidential recognition of the genocide, concessions supposedly contained in that road map, and now the proposed foreign aid package,” he said. “What exactly has Armenia received for all these conces­ sions that, quite frankly, jeopardize its very existence?” “It’s not just two hits, genocide-avoidance and budgetcutting,” said commentator Garen Yegparian of Burbank, Calif. “Have you heard of any significant positions [in the Obama Administration] filled with competent Armenians? How about the ill-timed Turkey visit?” Yegparian added, “How did Armenia agree to the timing of the infamous statement? You don’t think our beloved U.S. Department of State, with Hillary leading the way, was applying the screws to Armenia?” “It’s time to say enough and manifest our rage. We should be having loud, though small and permanent pickets at every significant federal facility where media could be brought to bear, plus pickets at dozens of U.S. embassies across the globe,” he said. Prominent Armenian commentator Harut Sassounian, also the publisher of the California Courier, believes that “Armenian interests are now going from the frying pan into the fire.” By breaking his promises, Sassounian said, “President Obama is disrespecting his own word first.” Sassounian has a call for action to all activists: “Let’s fight back, the way we did the firing of Ambassador John Evans when we blocked the nomination of his successor. We should not sit back and watch our interests go down the drain! We can get the U.S. Congress to reverse the foreign aid cut. We can also reverse the effects of his April 24 statement by passing a genocide resolution in the House as well as the Senate.”

ANCA Chairman Urges Obama to Reverse Course The Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) Chairman Ken Hachikian urged President Barack Obama to “act quickly” to correct a “disturbing” course his administration has chosen to take on Armenian American issues. In a May 18th letter to the White House, Hachikian addressed both the President’s decision not to honor his repeated promises to recognize the Armenian Genocide, as well as his recent proposal to cut aid to Armenia by 38% even as he increases overall foreign aid spending and the level of assistance he seeks to the regions of Europe, Eurasia, and South/Central Asia. “You failed to honor your commitment to lift our nation’s response to genocide to the level of our shared American values, choosing, instead, to allow America’s willingness to respond forcefully to this horrific crime to remain hostage to Turkish threats and intimidation,” Hachikian said in the letter. Hachikian called on the President to “act quickly” to correct the “disturbing” stand by “immediately condemning and commemorating” the Armenian Genocide and by “working publicly toward the adoption of the Armenian Genocide Resolution before the U.S. Congress.” Obama’s failure to keep his promise continues the “morally flawed policy of allowing Turkey to veto our stand on human rights,” Hachikian said, adding that Obama’s decision effectively allowed Turkey to continue imposing a “gag” rule on U.S. recognition of the Armenian Genocide. “Your broken pledge represents both a grave offense to Armenian Americans and a disservice to all Americans who understand that our nation’s leadership in confronting genocide should never be reduced to a political issue that can be traded away, retreated from under pressure, or used to advance a political agenda, of any kind,” Hachikian said. Turkey had made no secret of its hopes to use its current rapprochement with Armenia to deter an official US recognition of the Armenian Genocide. But according to Hachikian, the ongoing dialogue between Armenia and Turkey should have no bearing on the President’s willingness to speak the truth about the Armenian Genocide.

Obama Seeks 38% Cut in Aid to Armenia

Ken Hachikian “Our stand against all instances of genocide should be unconditional,” he said in the letter. Hachikian also relayed the Armenian-American community’s disappointment at the administration’s recent cut in aid to Armenia. “The Armenian American community is also troubled that, despite your pledge to maintain aid to Armenia and to foster her growth and development, you have called for a 38% cut in economic aid to Armenia,” Hachikian said. The President’s request represents “the sharpest cut, by a significant margin, among all the recipient nations of Europe, Eurasia, and South and Central Asia,” Hachikian added, noting that the cut comes as the administration seeks an overall 9 percent escalation in international affairs spending. Obama’s budget request for foreign aid also included a request to increase military aid to Azerbaijan, a move that will breach military aid parity between in favor of Baku and tilt the regional military balance and send a dangerous signal to Azerbaijani leaders “who have made no secret of their intent to use force of arms to settle the Nagorno Karabakh issue,” Hachikian said.

Despite a 9% increase in overall foreign aid spending, President Barack Obama has called for a 38% cut in aid to Armenia, a 20% increase in aid to Azerbaijan, and the abandonment of the longstanding Armenia-Azerbaijan military aid parity agreement in favor of Baku, reported the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA). These figures, released today as part of the President's Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 budget, represent a sharp departure from the President's campaign commitments to maintain U.S. assistance to Armenia and to foster its growth and development through aid and trade. In January of 2008 and again only days before the November election, the President said he would "help foster Armenia's growth and development through expanded trade and targeted aid," adding that he will also, "strengthen the commercial, political, military, developmental, and cultural relation­ ships between the U.S. and Armenian governments." "President Obama, despite his promise to maintain U.S. assistance to Armenia and his campaign commitment to help foster Armenia's growth and development, has called for a thirty-eight percent cut in aid to Armenia," said Aram Hamparian, Executive Director of the ANCA. "His proposal to sharply reduce vitally needed assistance to Armenia, even as he is increasing overall foreign aid spending, is all the more disappointing in light of the urgent economic challenges facing Armenia." President Obama's budget calls for $30 million in U.S. aid to Armenia, down 38% from the Fiscal Year 2009 allocation of $48 million. Under his proposal, funding for Azerbaijan would increase 20% from $18.5 million to $22.12 million. The complete international affairs budget proposed by the White House is $53,872,901. In Foreign Military Finance spending, President Obama has re­ quested $4 million for Azerbaijan and only $3 million for Armenia, while funds for International Military Education and Training (IMET) represent an even starker break in the parity agreement struck between Congress and the White House in 2001, with $900,000 being proposed for Azerbaijan and $450,000 for Armenia. The Foreign Operations Subcommittees of the House and Senate Appropriation Committees will now review the President's budget and each draft their own versions of the FY 2010 foreign assistance bill.

U.S. reassures Armenia on Turkey talks A letter from Secretary of State Hil­ lary Clinton sent to Armenian President Serge Sargsian recently reiterated U.S. support for Armenia-Turkey talks. The letter came just as Turkish lead­ ers again ruled out normalization of relations unless Armenia makes conces­ sions on the Karabakh issue, and an aide to Azerbaijan's president alleged that there was no progress on that issue because the United States and other mediators had a "Christian bias" in favor of Armenia. The United States has supported Armenia's efforts to normalize relations with Turkey quickly and without precon­ ditions, but the administration has iden­ tified no concrete timeframe and is seek­ ing to achieve "parallel" progress in Karabakh talks. Asked about the letter's intent, a State Department spokesperson said the letter was private and he could not comment on it. The Armenian president's office saidt the letter also dealt with bilateral rela­ tions, including U.S. aid to Armenia chan­ neled through the Millennium Challenge Corporation, whose board is chaired by Mrs. Clinton, and stressed the impor­ tance of free and fair conduct of the May 31 elections for Yerevan city council.


2009 22 ¸.ÚáõÝÇë î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

ARMENIA

Financial Institutions Forcast economic Decline in Armenia IMF Sees Deeper Recession in Armenia Armenia's economy will contract by 5 percent this year and will not start growing again until 2011, the International Monetary Fund said recently in a further downward revision of its economic outlook for the country. Senior IMF officials also reaffirmed the fund's endorse­ ment of the Armenian authorities' response to the global recession and, in particular, their controversial exchange rate policy. As recently as in early March, the IMF expected Armenia's Gross Domestic Product to shrink by only 1.5 percent in 2009. However, subsequent official statistics showed the economic downturn accelerating in March and resulting in a first-quarter GDP decline of 6.1 percent. “The projections we have for Armenia mirror those you see in the global economy as well as in the rest of the region,” Mark Lewis, head of an IMF mission visiting Yerevan, said as he and other officials presented the fund's latest economic outlook for the region. It forecasts zero growth for the Armenian economy in 2010. Lewis singled out a sharp decline in the local con­ struction sector as the key factor behind the revised projections. `There was a rapid boom in the construction sector in recent years, reflecting strong demand for residential and commercial property,' he said. `That pace of development in the construction sector will be difficult to maintain this year, and that will be the key thing.' According to the National Statistical Service (NSS) the total volume of construction work carried out in Armenia tumbled by almost 22 percent in the first quarter of this year. The country's first- quarter macroeconomic perfor­ mance was also greatly affected by a 9.5 percent fall in industrial output. It resulted, in large measure, from a last year's collapse in international prices of non-ferrous metals, the number Armenian export item. Echoing statements by other IMF officials, Lewis praised the Armenian government and Central Bank for their “sensible and sound approach to managing the crisis.” “We think that the authorities are doing a very good

job,” he said. He stressed at the same time the importance of further structural reforms and, in particular, improved tax administration for mitigating the impact of the global economic crisis. External assistance is vital for the success of the government's anti-crisis strategy that envisages, among other things, increased spending on infrastructure projects and financial support for private firms. The IMF's managing director, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, described that strategy as “strong and credible” as he announced the impending release of a $540 million `stand-by' loan to Yerevan on March 3. The announcement came immediately after the au­ thorities allowed a nearly 20 percent devaluation of the national currency, the dram. The Central Bam of Armenia (CBA) had injected at least $700 million worth of hard currency in the local financial market to keep the dram's value virtually unchanged since last fall. Opposition politicians and economists critical of the government have strongly criticized that as a needless waste of the country's scarce external reserves which stood at around $1.4 billion a year ago. They believe that the authorities should have ensured a smoother dram depreciation instead. But Ratna Sahay, an IMF deputy director for the Middle East and Central Asia, dismissed the criticism. “It is a balance because if sometimes depreciation is not warranted by fundamentals then it does make sense for countries to prevent or smooth out the [exchange rate] fluctuations that might happen,” she said. “And to make the right judgment is very hard. We think that the authorities did the right thing in stabilizing the exchange rate.” Lewis agreed, calling the authorities' exchange rate policy “sensible.” “It made sense to proceed in a cautious way on this front to avoid a more destabilizing impact on the financial system,” he said.

World Bank Sees Increased Poverty in Armenia The continuing economic crisis in Armenia will translate into a sizable increase in poverty this year, a senior official from the World Bank predicted recently. Owing to robust economic growth, the proportion of Armenians living below the official poverty line had steadily declined since the late 1990s when it exceeded 50 percent. The most recent government data, based on a nationwide survey of household incomes conducted in 2007, put the poverty rate at 22 percent. According to Aristomene Varoudakis, head of the World Bank office in Yerevan, the bank now expects the figure to rise by 4 to 6 percentage points by next year. He said living standards in the country are certain to be affected by the ongoing contraction of the Armenian economy which made up 6.1 percent in the first quarter of this year. §This contraction will have a serious social impact on the poor,¦ Varoudakis told a news conference. He said the Armenian government will therefore have to revise its new poverty reduction program and targets adopted last October. The government plans to set up a `working group' for that purpose soon, he added. The medium-term Sustainable Development Program committed the government to cutting the poverty rate by more than half in the next four years and bringing it down to only 7 percent in 2021. It also called for a doubling of Armenia's Gross Domestic Product per capita by 2015. Varoudakis praised the government for not cutting back on social spending projected by its 2009 budget despite a major shortfall in tax revenues, another consequence of the economic crisis. He revealed in that regard that the World Bank will likely disburse in early July a major loan designed to finance Armenia's widening budget deficit. Varoudakis declined to specify the size of the loan, saying that negotiations between the bank and Yerevan are still going on. The World Bank already approved in February $85 million in loans aimed at mitigating the global economic downturn's impact on Armenia. The largest of those loans, worth $50 million, will be provided to several Armenian commercial banks that will in turn lend the funds to local small and medium-sized businesses. Another $25 million will be spent on the construction of rural roads and other infrastructure. In addition, the bank's Board of Directors approved in May a $25 million loan designed to support more government reforms of Armenia's system of pre-school, secondary and higher education. The money is to be spent over the next five years on a wide range of activities, including purchase of laboratory equipment for all Armenian schools. A World Bank statement said about 400 of those schools located in remote areas will be computerized and connected to the Internet.

Armenia GDP to Shrink 5.8 Percent in 2009, Says Central Bank

Armenia's economy will shrink by 5.8 percent in 2009, more than originally feared, the Central Bank in the landlocked former Soviet republic predicted recently. The bank said it had revised its original forecast of a 3.0 percent contraction based on first quarter results, which saw GDP shrink 6.1 percent. GDP in the first quarter of last year grew 10.1 percent. The bank cited falling chemical and metal prices on world markets. The South Caucasus country has been hit hard by the global economic crisis and the impact of its much larger economic ally Russia sliding into recession. The predicted last week that GDP in Armenia would shrink by 5.0 percent this year. Armenia is drawing on a $540 million standby loan from the IMF, which it secured in March after opting to float its Dram currency.

Russia, Armenia Seal Loan Deal

Russia and Armenia signed an agreement on the release of a $500 million Russian loan aimed at helping the Armenian government mitigate the effects of the global recession on the domestic economy. The agreement was signed on May 20 by the foreign ministers of the two states after talks held in Moscow. Russia's Alexei Kudrin told journalists afterwards that the loan will be repayable in 15 years and carry an interest rate of about 4 percent. His Armenian counterpart, Tigran Davtian, said these terms are beneficial for Yerevan. The deal, reportedly finalized by the two governments in early February, testifies to `the high level of bilateral strategic partnership,' he said. Davtian did not specify just how Armenia will use the Russian credit equivalent to one fifth of its projected state budget for 2009. The Armenian government has been struggling to meet its budgetary targets and may well revise them downwards later this year. It also needs external assistance to prevent a further sharp depreciation of the national currency, the dram. The World Bank and the International Monetary pledged earlier this year to allocate a total of over $1 billion in anti-crisis loans to Armenia in the coming years. Some of these loans worth roughly $320 million have already been disbursed. In a February statement, Armenia's Finance Ministry said that the loan deal with Russia will not place any `non-financial obligations' on the Armenian side. It was an apparent assurance that the government will not repay the loan with more industrial assets. Armenia had handed over its largest thermal-power plant and four other enterprises to state-run Russian companies in payment for a $100 million debt to Moscow in 2003. (source: RFE/RL)


23

ARMENIA

ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

IN FIVE YEARS, ARMENIA, IRAN TO BE CONNECTED BY RAIL

If this ambitious initiative materializes, Armenia could have a passage through the ports of the Persian Gulf By Tatul Hakobyan

High-ranking officials from Armenia and Iran are giving assurances that in five years’ time there will be a railroad linking the two countries. According to preliminary calculations, the railroad will stretch for approximately 470 kilometers, with 410 of those on Armenian territory. The total cost of this undertaking is expected to run about $1.2 billion. An agreement was signed by Armenia and Iran in April when President Serge Sargsian visited Tehran. On April 3 Armenia’s minister of transportation, Gurgen Sargsian, and Iran’s transport and communications minister, Hamid Behbahani, signed a memorandum of understanding in this regard. Armenia, which is currently under blockade from the west by Turkey and from the east by Azerbaijan, had a rail link with Iran during the Soviet era. The line began in Yerevan and continued along the banks of the Araks River, through Nakhichevan in the Azerbaijani republic, stretching all the way to Julfa. From there the railroad cut across the Araks River by bridge to Jolfa station in Iran. From there was connected to the Iranian railroad grid. This was the flattest and shortest route: 200 km from Yerevan to the Iranian border. Mountainous terrain With passage through Nakhichevan blocked, the new rail link will have to be built across high mountain ranges – through the provinces of Vayots Dzor and Syunik. The exact route through Armenian territory has not yet been mapped out. At a press conference with his Iranian counterpart, Mr. Gurgen Sargsian said it would be preferable to have the railroad run from the basin of Sevan toward Jermuk. Built during the Soviet era, there is today a working railroad from Yerevan all the way to the western basin of Sevan, the city of Vardenis. The portion of the railroad to be built on Iranian territory must run to the city of Marand. Ministers Sargsian and Behbahani said that the railroad will be built in three stages. In the first stage, technical and financial studies will be carried out. This stage will require three months. The second stage will be determining the route of the railroad and the drafting of maps. The third stage will involve the actual construction. The ministers foresee that this project will take up to five years to complete.

“The cost of building this railroad could skyrocket to $2 billion because it would have to be built across treacherous territory. It would have preferable to renovate and shorten the distance of the Armenia-Iran automobile highway by building a few tunnels at a fraction of the cost.” Abel Aghabegians The sides expect to secure financing for this project through large banks. “Negotiations for financing have already begun with the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank,” Minister Sargsian said. If the construction of this ambitious railroad becomes a reality, then Armenia will not only be connected to its neighbor Iran through a rail link, but will be able to have transportation routes all the way to the Persian Gulf and through this have routes to neighboring regions and states in Central Asia, the Middle East, India, and China. Armenia’s railroads belong to a Russian company. The full management of Armenia’s railroad, lately renamed the South Caucasian Railway, was given to Russian Railways for a period of 30 years. Since 2001 the Armenian railroad has been a profitable operation, primarily transporting cargo from Armenia to Georgia all the way to the Black Sea ports of Batumi and Poti and back.

Russian Railways promised to invest $570 million in Armenia’s railways. It has already stated, however, that it will not finance the Armenia-Iran initiative. The Russians will use Azerbaijan’s territory for their railway communication with Iran. A geopolitically significant project Abel Aghabegians, a well-known economist and academician said last October that the fundamental issue surrounding the construction of the Armenia-Iran railroad would be whether the sides would be able to guarantee the required amount of cargo transport to justify the cost. He suggested that perhaps it would have preferable to renovate and shorten the distance of the Armenia-Iran automobile highway by building a few tunnels at a fraction of the cost. Mr. Aghabegians said that the cost of building this railroad could skyrocket to $2 billion because it would have to be built across treacherous territory. He hinted that perhaps the geopolitical significance of the Armenia-Iran railroad outweighs its economic benefits. During the Soviet era, Armenia had several rail links with Azerbaijan. Cargo and passenger trains operated between Yerevan and Baku (this route passed along the banks of the Araks River all

the way to Julfa, then back through Armenian territory at Meghri, and back once again into Azerbaijan) and Ijevan to Baku. The Yerevan-Kapan line also passed through the territories of Azerbaijan and Nakhichevan. The Yerevan-Baku and the IchevanBaku lines carried 80 percent of Armenia’s cargo. During that period, Armenia also had rail links with Turkey at the Gyumri-Kars line, which like the other rail links to Azerbaijan, are no longer in operation because of the 20-year-old blockade. The Yerevan-Tabriz rail line has also been under blockade because a portion of that line passes through Nakhichevan. For the past 17 years, Armenia also hasn’t had rail connection with Russia because a portion of that rail line passes through separatist Abkhazia in Georgia. That rail line, which is known as the Abkhazian railroad, has been under blockade by the Georgians since 1992. (The Armenian Reporter)

“The geopolitical significance of the Armenia-Iran railroad outweighs its economic benefits.”

Iran Starts Gas Supplies to Armenia (RFE/RL)- Iran has started supplying natural gas to Armenia through a recently built pipeline, according to top energy officials in Tehran and Yerevan. The long-awaited supplies began on May 14 in accordance with an Armenian-Iranian agreement recently signed in Yerevan. The volume will gradually rise and total 1.1 billion cubic meters this year. Energy minister Armen Movsisian said an agreement was signed with the National Iranian Gas Export Company (NIGEC) by the Yerevan Thermal Power Plant in and Armenia's largest hydro-electric plant located in the southeastern Syunik region. The two state-owned facilities will presumably pay for Iranian gas with electricity exports to the Islamic Republic. Armenia and Iran had formally agreed on the gas supplies in 2004. The second and final Armenian section of the gas pipeline connecting them was inaugurated last December. The pipeline's annual capacity of about 2.3 billion cubic meters essentially matches the current level of Russian gas supplies that already meet Armenia's domestic energy needs. Much of the Iranian gas is therefore expected to be used for power generation. It’s expected the daily volume of Armenian gas imports from Iran will reach 3 million cubic meters by the end of 2010 and could rise to 4 million cubic meters in 2011.

A section of the Armenian-Iranian gas pipeline


2009 ARMENIA 24 ¸.ÚáõÝÇë î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44 ATP Environmental Education All-Armenian Fund pledges $88,000 Program Receives Energy Globe in support of Artsakh State University Award in Prague The Hayastan All-Armenian Fund has recently pledged $88,000 to Artsakh

Armenia Tree Project's award-winning environmental education program is designed for students between the ages of 6-18 and is being integrated into the secondary school system in Armenia. Armenia Tree Project (ATP) was selected as a National Winner of the Energy Globe Award for Sustainability during a public ceremony on April 13, 2009 in Prague. The winning program, “Plant an Idea, Plant a Tree: Advancing the Next Generation of Armenia’s Environmental Stewards,” is based on ATP’s environmental education curriculum. An international jury chose 76 national winners for environmental and energy efficiency projects from 111 countries. ATP’s backyard nursery micro-enterprise program received an Energy Globe Award last year at the European Parliament in Brussels. The backyard nursery program is mitigating poverty-driven deforestation by creating micro-enterprise tree nurseries in the Getik River Valley of northern Armenia, which are owned by hundreds of families who have doubled their annual income by participating in this ATP program. “The ‘Plant an Idea, Plant a Tree’ teacher’s manual is based on a combination of experiential learning, practical experience, theory, and research. Delivery methods include open-air classes, internet-based learning, and interactive lessons that raise environmental awareness and foster respect for and understanding of sustainable resource use,” stated ATP Executive Director Jeff Masarjian. “The curriculum introduces teachers to the conceptual framework of environmental education through modules that encourage students to link art and science, build analytical skills through observation, and understand the links between environmental conservation and Armenia’s cultural heritage,” added Masarjian. The Energy Globe Awards were held at the opening of the meeting of the European Environment Ministers, which was convened by the Czech Republic as head of the European Union Presidency. “We are happy about this recognition through the European Policy,” said founder Wolfgang Neumann of Austria in a press release from the Energy Globe Foundation. ”We find it really important that the world sees how many really good projects and ideas there already are.” The gala event was attended by top European environmental leaders, including EU Commissioner for the Environment Stavros Dimas, European Council President Mirek Topolanek, and Environment Council of Ministers President Martin Bursik. “Projects from 111 countries were submitted. The spectrum is big: from innovative wind power for ocean-going ships to solar energy system for hospitals in the troubled area of Myanmar to the first computer-recycling project of South America,” noted the Energy Globe press release. “ATP is honoured to again be selected as the National Winner from Armenia of the prestigious Energy Globe Awards. This award acknowledges not only the tremendous efforts taken by ATP in the field of environmental education, but it is really a testament to the unwavering support of our donors, whose investment in our programs allows us to address the critical environmental challenges facing Armenia. We dedicate this award to all of our supporters,” stated Masarjian after the award was accepted by the ATP leadership. ATP’s award-winning “Plant an Idea, Plant a Tree” curriculum is available in Armenian and English at the ATP website.

State University. The support package comprises $50,000 for the establishment of a new program at the university and $38,000 in scholarships. The announcement was made on May 14, at the conclusion of a four-day working visit to Artsakh by a large delegation of the Hayastan All-Armenian Fund. The group included chairpersons of the fund’s worldwide affiliates, members of its Board of Trustees and other leaders, as well as a number of benefactors. The delegation, many of whose members received medals of honor from Artsakh president Bako Sahakyan for their far-reaching role in the republic’s development, visited the sites of several projects financed by the Hayastan AllArmenian Fund and attended the opening ceremonies of a number of fundimplemented initiatives. The delegation’s visit to Artsakh State University was the first of its kind. The group took a tour of the campus, met with the administration, faculty members, and students, and became familiarized with some of the urgent technical and financial issues faced by the university. At the end of the visit, Ara Vardanyan, acting executive director of the Hayastan All-Armenian Fund, promised $50,000 on behalf of the fund for the launch of a program at the university. The specific nature of the program will be proposed by the school’s administration. On their part, chairpersons of the fund’s affiliates and benefactor Levon Kirajian pledged a total of $38,000 in scholarships for the 2009-2010 school year. The amount includes $20,000 from the U.S. Western Region affiliate (pledged by Chairperson Ara Agishian), $10,000 from the Argentinean affiliate (Chairperson Jorge Murekian), $5,000 from the Toronto affiliate (Chairperson Migirdic Migirdician), $1,000 pledged by Switzerland affiliate chair Avedis Kizirian on behalf of his family. U.S.Western Region affiliate benefactor Levon Kirajian announced that he will establish a permanent, private scholarship fund at Artsakh State University, pledging to provide $2,000 in scholarships annually. As yearly tuitions at the university range from 120,000 to 350,000 drams (approximately $320 to $933), some 50 students will benefit from the Hayastan All-Armenian fund’s scholarships for 2009-2010. In addition, the fund will award a computer to Samvel Lazaryan, a student at Artsakh State University’s Department of Economics and Law, who earlier this month won an essay competition with the theme “I Overcome the Crisis,” organized by the government and Central Bank of Armenia. “Our visit to Artsakh was a marvelous experience, in that it provided the fund’s representatives and benefactors an opportunity to interact with Artsakh citizens and leaders, take an up-close look at many fund-sponsored projects, and gain fresh insight into local issues and challenges,” said Ara Vardanyan.

Armenian Nuclear Plant Construction to Start by 2011 Armenia will start building a new nuclear power station in place of its Metsamor plant by the beginning of 2011. “According to preliminary estimates, the new atomic block will cost approximately $5 billion,” Energy minister Armen Movsisian said. “The construction work will start at the end of next year or at the beginning of 2011,” he said. The Armenian government recently announced an Australian engineering com­ pany, Worley Parsons, the winner of an international tender for the right to manage the ambitious project. The two sides are due to hold negotiations and sign a relevant contract soon. “The next step will be to design the future block, after which we will enlist and select potential investors,' said Movsisian. “ That will be followed by the design work and the construction process itself.' The company that will carry out the construction will be chosen in a separate tender. With a projected capacity of 1,000-

The aging Metsamor nuclear plant 1,200 megawatts, the new nuclear plant would be more than twice as powerful as Metsamor's stole operating reactor that generates more than 40 percent of Arme­ nia's electricity. The Soviet-built reactor is due to be decommissioned in 2017.

Armenian Canadian Engineers and Architects of Canada Armenia Business Council of Ontario Presents

A Dinner cruise aboard with Armenian and European Music The

Cruise ship

Saturday, August 8, 2009 Location: Toronto Harbourfront Pier 6, Queen’s Quay Terminal Building 207 Queen’s Quay West (Queen’s Quay West & York Street)

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Vaheh or Anabel Satourian at 416-871-4424

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25

ONTARIO

By Taline Sagharian*

ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

Ontario’s Autism Cut-off Dilemma

When the publicly funded Applied Be­ haviour Analysis (ABA) initiative, a teach­ ing program designed to change behavior in children with learning disabilities, was first implemented in Ontario, there was a stipulation of an age six cut-off. After which the school boards were supposed to take over the responsibility of continuing ABA for the children entering school. But the school boards were not prepared to meet the needs of children coming in from preschool program. They lacked the necessary expertise and the motivation to provide adequate programs and services. The flaw with the age six cap soon became evident, as there was no continuum of ABA for students with autism who were exiting the preschool initiative. A number of advocates fought through litigation and social advocacy to successfully remove the age cap. Ten years later, and after long fights, the new proposed laws have raised the same question and have taken us back to square one. The new laws indicate that an attempt is being made to return the publicly funded ABA initiative to being a preschool one. However, the details as to how to decide when to initiate the transition do not consider the children’s needs. Penalizing a child’s learning pace raises many ethical questions and implementing such a narrow curriculum of skills while ignoring the diverse needs of children with autism, simply lacks logic. There is also much doubt about how reliable any benchmark could be where the government has failed to determine the qualifications of professionals overseeing ABA programs.

to receive the funding, such as having to has been an accepted partner in the public employ certified teachers in each classroom. school system for decades. It may surprise many that our education This model does exist elsewhere and the decision depends on whether the school system in fact allows for intensive ABA to district is able to satisfy the child’s learning be delivered in a regular classroom. On the website of the Edu­ needs within their capacity and if not, The Education Act states: cation Ministry, The then they are obli­ “The Minister shall ensure that all I d e n t i f i c a t i o n , and Re­ gated to do so in a exceptional children in Ontario have Placement, view Committee different one. pretend for one available to them, in accordance with section states: “A minute that the pub­ this Act and the regulations, appropriate regular class with licly funded ABA special education programs and special resource assistance initiative only ser­ education services without payment of where the student is v i c e s p r e s c h o o l fees by parents or guardians resident in placed in a regular children since this Ontario, and shall provide for the parents class for most or all was its original in­ or guardians to appeal the appropriate­ of the day and re­ tent. When children ness of the special education placement.” ceives specialized with autism in On­ Special Education is guaranteed instruction, individ­ ually or in a small tario reach school age in the Education Act: and enter the public “Every board shall provide or enter group, within the education system, the into an agreement with another board to regular classroom decision made as to provide in accordance with the regula­ from a qualified special education the level of support they require falls on tions special education programs and teacher. So while our the education system. special education services for its excep­ Clearly, there are tional pupils (Section 170.7).” Minister of Educa­ tion seems to agree many children who will require continued one-to-one direct with advocates that this is possible techni­ teaching or one -to-one support in order to cally, she has a problem with admitting to learn from a regular classroom environment. it publicly. Our education system offers such models and in fact even a two-to-one model where

The Solution

There are a number of steps that must be taken to find a solution to the autism crisis in Ontario. Intensive ABA must be provided within weeks (not years) after a child has been identified as needing it, so they can benefit from the window of opportunity in the early years to improve their functioning level. Another step is that there must be a mutual connection between the preschool ABA initiative and a public edu­ cation allowing for the children to learn a child could be assigned with two fullhow to transition into the public school time Education Assistants. Many children system and also to allow them to access a may also continue to need to be taught in public education and ABA together. This methods utilizing the principle of ABA would allow a successful transition from which should include access to all methods based on ABA and the preschool ABA applied according to program to a schoolApplied Behaviour Analysis the child’s needs. The aged one in Sep­ tember, when the (ABA) is the science of understanding key question that our children reach age behaviour and how it can be modified. Ministry of Education six. A meaningful It has been proved to be effective in and school boards support structure for teaching individuals with autism must ask is: "What the children is not necessary skills and reducing negative does the child need, possible if the ser­ behaviours so that they are able to so that they are able vice providers are function at their maximum potential. to learn?" understand the pros­ banned from pro­ pect of ABA in the viding direct sup­ public education system, we must first port in the schools. The final step would be to continue examine the intimidating question of wheth­ ABA through the public education system er ABA can be implemented in the schools. where the Ministry of Education and the school boards would be responsible for Can ABA be done in the regular providing a continuum of ABA just as it is classroom? elsewhere. This would also include trans­ There are a number of children in the ferring the financial and administrative provincially funded ABA program who are obligations from the Ministry of Children receiving ABA within a regular public and Youth Services to the Ministry of Edu­ school classroom; some through ABA sup­ cation and the school boards for children ported- inclusion, others through intensive deemed as having a need to stay in the same ABA. This alone stands as evidence that learning environment. intensive ABA can and is being delivered However, there would have to be a in regular classrooms. The problem is that public education component extended to only a small number of children are being this environment, not only in terms of fund­ granted this type of arrangement while the ing but also strict criteria that the service majority is being turned away. providers must follow in order to continue In the United States, for example, ABA

Other ABA Programs

This is not a novel idea and the oppor­ tunity exists in many states. The funding and responsibility fall on a variety of sourc­ es, including the school districts. Afterschool and extended year programs are important and must be explored when de­ termining the implementation of publicly funded programs and services for children with autism in Ontario.

ABA in schools… or not

After spending years fighting families in court and on the social front on the issue of ABA in the schools, the Minister of Education announced in 2007 that the school boards would be instructed to provide ABA through Policy Program Memorandum 140. This statement was later washed over with a memo to each school board clarifying that the instruction would be for them to provide ABA but not the same ABA as what is being provided through the MCYS initiative out­ side of the schools. The memo also stated that the ministry acknowledges that many Ontario boards are already doing this. This was then fol­ lowed by limited training for school board staff and since guidelines for qualifications of the trainers were not adopted and publi­ cized to the boards, many did not carry the necessary expertise to con­ duct the training in the first place. PPM 140 is vague at best, leaving much wiggle room for the school boards to do as they please and al­ though the Minister’s vision of ABA in the schools sounded promising when it was first announced, we soon learned that what they in­ tended to implement would in fact be a radical deviation from what ABA really is.

The powers that be

ABA in other public school environments

Ontario’s public education system pro­ vides adequate learning environments for children with special needs. For instance, there are separate classrooms for small groups of children with autism who function at a similar level with one another. If ade­ quate training and supervision is implement­ ed in these classrooms, overseen by quali­ fied autism and ABA experts, they could operate very similar to the ABA classrooms that are in the private ABA centers across Ontario, with the added benefit of inclusion opportunities and an extension of a public education into them. Our public education system is quite flexible to meet the environmental needs of students with exceptionalities (e.g.: Pro­ vincial Demonstration Schools, Section 23 Programs, Alternative Schools), but the fight is that ABA has not been offered in any of these environments for students with autism. Therefore, children who require ABA to learn have not been allowed to access a public education. Compared to students who are deaf or deaf and blind but are able to have their needs met within our public education system, students with au­ tism are discriminated against. Families in Ontario have had to make a difficult choice between a public education and ABA for our children when clearly they require and are entitled to both.

It is entirely possible to develop a model of a pre­ school ABA program with a continuation in the public education system. However, this model cannot work un­ less and until the public school system can ensure that a child is transitioned into an education program that will meet his or her needs. Once this goal has been met, the preschool ABA waitlist can then be eliminated and there would be a marriage between ABA and public educa­ tion. Our government has the power to create this opportunity. It is a matter of political will and far less pressing issues have been addressed by our government in a much speedier fashion than how the autism crisis in Ontario is being handled. Many children have been harmed as a result of this precious time wasted. Many families have suffered insurmountable financial losses while trying to provide for our children’s needs. An Ontario Autism Coalition survey from 2008 revealed that families of children with au­ tism have been going bankrupt 20 times the provincial average. This entire sad ex­ perience begs the following question to our government and our school boards, who had the choice of following logic but refused to do so: Was it all worth it? * Taline Sagharian was among the first who began a grassroots campaign to lobby the Ontario government and school boards to create a continuum of ABA through the school system. By participating in numerous advisory committees, litigation, advocacy group development and workshops, Taline has played an integral role in raising awareness and contributing to the development of programs and services for children with autism in Ontario.


2009 26 ¸.ÚáõÝÇë î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

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Dr. Raffi Aynaciyan

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D.D.S., M.Cl.D., F.R.C.D.(C)

OVER 10 YEARS EXPERIENCE

Orthodontist

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Richmond Hill (Hillcrest Mall): 9350 Yonge Street, Suite 216 905-884-4161

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Tel.: 416-446-1822 cell: 647-828-3406

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North York: 3333 Bayview Avenue, Suite 203 416-221-0660

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à±ñù³Ý ÏÁ í׳ñ»Ý ̳ÝáõóáõÙÇ ×³ñï³ñ³ñáõ»ëïÇ ïáõ»³ÉÝ»ñÁ ËûëáõÝ »Ý: ²Ñ³õ³ëÇÏ Ï³ñ· ÙÁ ï»Õ»ÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ. - î³ñ»Ï³Ý ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ý 65 ÙÇÉdzé ͳÝáõóáõÙ ÏÁ ÙïÝ¿ ÐÇõëÇë³ÛÇÝ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ ïáõÝ»ñ¿Ý Ý»ñë: - ÊÙÇãùÇ ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ï³ñ»Ï³Ý 6 ÙÇÉÇáÝ ÏÁ í׳ñ»Ý GO å³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃÇÝ, ÑáÝ ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ͳÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ: âáñë ÙÇÉÇáÝ ÏÁ í׳ñ»Ý Í˳ËáïÇ ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ: - ÆÝùݳ߳ñÅÇ Maserati ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ·ñ³·¿ïÇ ÙÁ 15 000 ïáɳñ ÏÁ í׳ñ¿, »Ã¿ ³Ý Çñ í¿åÇÝ Ù¿ç ÛÇß¿ í³×³é³ÝÇßÁ: - Seventeen å³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃÇÝ µáí³Ý¹³Ïáõû³Ý 61% ͳÝáõóáõÙ ¿:

- 2000-ÇÝ, ÑÇõëÇë³ÛÇÝ ³Ù»ñÇϳóÇ Ù³ÝáõÏÁ 30 000 å³ïÏ»ñ³ë÷ÇõéÇ Í³ÝáõóáõÙ ¹Çï³Í ¿: - ÜáÛÝ Ù³ÝáõÏÁ ûñ³Ï³Ý ÙÇçÇÝ Ñ³ßáõáí 3-4.5 ų٠å³ïÏ»ñ³ë÷Çõé ÏÁ ¹Çï¿: 70 ï³ñ»Ï³ÝÇÝ, ³Ý 7-10 ï³ñÇ å³ïÏ»ñ³ë÷Çõé ¹Çï³Í åÇïÇ ÁÉɳÛ, Ý»ñ³é»³É ͳÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñÁ: Black and Decker ¹³ï µ³ó³õ Die hard ýÇÉÙÇ ³ñï³¹ñÇãÝ»ñáõÝ ¹¿Ù, ³ÝáÝóÙ¿ å³Ñ³Ýç»Éáí 150 000 ïáɳñ, áñáíÑ»ï»õ ¹»ñ³ë³ÝÝ»ñÁ Û³ñÓ³ÏáõÙÇ ³ï»Ý Black and Decker ·áñÍÇùÝ»ñ å¿ïù ¿ñ ·áñͳͿÇÝ: Ødzó»³É ݳѳݷݻñáõ Ù¿ç ͳÝáõóáõÙÇ ×³ñï³ñ³ñáõ»ëïÁ ÏÁ ·Ý³Ñ³ïáõÇ 185 ÙÇÉdzé ïáɳñáí:

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Ù³Ñáõ³Ý ³éÇÃáí£ Üß»Ýù, ÿ êù³ñ÷ÇÃÇ 2008 ÐáÏï»Ùµ»ñÇÝ, سñù³ÙÇ ù³Õ³ù³å»ï³ñ³ÝÇÝ Ù¿ç å³ïáõ³Í ¿ñ »ñ½»³ÝÁ, »ñµ سñù³ÙÁ ²åñÇÉ 24-Á гÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³-ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ½áÑ»ñáõ ÚÇß³ï³ÏÇ úñ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»Éáõ µ³Ý³Ó»õ ÁݹáõÝ»ó£ §Ø»ñ Ý»ñϳÛáõÃÇõÝÁ Èá¿ë äñ³áõÝÇ Ñ³Ý·³Ý³Ï³ÛÇÝ Ó»éݳñÏÇÝ ß³ï û·ï³Ï³ñ ù³ÛÉ ¿ñ Ñ³Û Ñ³Ù³ÛÝùÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ£ ²ÝÇϳ ³éÇà ÙÁÝ ¿ñ Ù»ñ ½ûñ³ÏÁDok;7 Ani Hasurjyan óáõÃÇõÝÁ Û³ÛïÝ»Éáõ Ù»ñ µ³ñ»Ï³ÙÇÝ »õ ½ñáõó»Éáõ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý ³ÛÉ ³ÝÓݳõá)n;ario3i Canadaha3 P=,gagan Ungyragxov;yan %6rt Gala ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ»ï Ù»ñ ѳٳÝÛùÁ Ûáõ½áÕ Ñ³ñó»ñáõ ßáõñç¦, Û³ÛïÝ»ó un;riku dy.i ovnyxav Ma3is 236in5 :oron;o3i Westin Prince bantogin Ú³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇ ³Ý¹³Ù ê³Ù سÝáõÏ»³Ý£ me]1 Avyli kan 300 an2yr masnagxyxan barahantesin5 oronk nyrga3 ein orbes paryrarnyr5 noviradovnyr5 p=,gagan yv ty.ora3ki ungyrov;ivnnyrov nyrga3axovxi[nyr5 antamnyr5 parygamnyr yv hamagirnyr1 )rova3 badovo3 hivryrn ein Canadaha3 pymatri[ Adom Ygo3yan yv §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ Çñ ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñ¿Ý ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý tyrasanovhi Arsine Qanjyan1 ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ËÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý Yrygon sgsav ha3gagan hajyli yra=,dagan m;nolordi me]5 HoáõÕÕáõ³Í ϳñÍÇùÝ»ñ ÏÁ ëï³Ý³Û Ù»ù»Ý³·ñáõ³Í owyl Dovdovg novacaqovmpi masnagxov;yamp5 .ygawarov;yamp` Ceorc »õ áõÕÕáõ³Í Ñ»ï»õ»³É »É»ÏïñáÝÇù ѳëó¿Çݪ #arov;ivnyani1 P=,gagan ungyragxov;yan ja,gyro3;6barahantesu dy.i g`ovnyna3 Email: torontohye@gmail.com darin ancam mu5 orbes hancanaga3in havak5 yraqdacidov;yan ov cnahadanki d0naqmpov;ivn yv cor/ovneov;ivnnyrov dy.ygadovagan a-i;1 Anxno. kani mu amisnyrov un;axkin5 ACMAO6i war[ov;ivnn ov gala3i 3an2naqovmpu` a-a]nortov;yamp gala3i adynabyd` Dok;7 _ajur Caprielyani gazmagyrb[agan a,qadanknyrov go.kin5 hancanaga3in t=ovarin cor/u yvs 3a-a] danylow abahowa/ er gogig covmar mu5 orovn artivnku basda-i wra3 gu xovxatrover un;riki bahovn1 Tramahavaku yv niv;agan ygamovd abahowylu anhra=y,d yn ACMAO6i /racirnyrovn ,arovnaganov;yan yv cor/atrovmin hamar1 Gala3i ba,d0nagan 3a3dacri paxovmu gadaryx 0rova3 hantisawar` Dok;7 Ceorc Mnaxaganyan5 :oron;o3i p=,gagan hamalsarani ,r]anavard nayv :oron;o3i H)M6i war=arani ,r]anavard1 An 2ynhas0ren ha3yren yv anclyren lyzovnyrow waryx 3a3daciru1 Ir paxman q0skin me] usav58A3s ci,yrova3 ;yman e4 A3s0r5 wa.ova3 hamar41 A3s q0sku novirova/ e 2yz5 siryli hivryr5 orowhydyv a-anx 2yr niv;agan yv paro3agan 0=antagov;yan mynk bidi [garo.ana3ink himnyl5 bahyl yv zarcaxnyl Ha3asdani yv Arxaqi me] p=,gagan5 adamnapov=agan yv a3l martasiragan /racirnyru yv a3n polor nbadagnyru5 zors bidi iragaxnynk abaca3in19 Q0sk a-av p=,gagan ungyragxov;yan adynabyd` Dok;7 Avydis B0.osyan5 or nyrga3axovx noviradovnyrov 0=antagov;yan artivnku cnahadylow yv yraqdacidov;ivn 3a3dnylow polor masnagxo.nyrovn1 Hamy. un;riki sbasargov;ivnu dy.i ovnyxav hajyli my.m yra=,dov;yamp aba5 Dok;7 Byrj Minasyan` ACMAO6i naqgin adynabyd5 :oron;o3i Mangagan hivantanoxi ].apan yv hydaz0dov;yanx masnaced5 nyrga3axovx ACMAO6i wyr]in /raciru` (Epilepsy Surgery Centre) Lovsnodov;yan Wirahadov;yan nor gytroni mu sdy./man naqaka3lyru1 ACMAO6i parygam yv havadarim paryrar` Sarcis Yacovbyan q0sk a-av yv i,qanagan noviradov;yamp mu qosdaxav nygovx gancnil a3s nor /racri iraganaxman1 Hantisawaru pym hraviryx Canadaha3 a,qarhah-[ag pymatri[ Adom Ygo3yan yv da.antavor tyrasanovhi` Arsine Qanjyan1Anonk par2r cnahadyxin ACMAO6i tyragadarov;ivnu Ha3asdani yv Arxaqi me] p=,gagan yv martasiragan 3a-a]qa.axki gabagxov;yamp1 Go[ ov..yxin nyrganyrovn niv;agan yv paro3agan 2yvow masnagxylov ha3ryniki wyrylki p=,gagan /racirnyroan1 Yrygon ,arovnagovyxav ha3gagan yv mi]azca3in bary.anagnyrow yv qantawa- mn;nolordow1Dy.i ovnyxav wijagahanov;ivn yv ar=ekavor novernyrow paqdavor y.an ,adyr1 Nyrganyru Ha3ryniki yv Arxaqi a-o.]abahov;yan 3a-a]qa.axkin 0=antaga/ ullalov cohanagov;yamp ov, ci,yrin mygnyxan1 ACMAO6i antamnyren ,adyr #ovlis 1-4, 2009 New York6i me] bidi masnagxin Ha3 P=,gagan Hama,qaraha3in Hamacovmarin1

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ºéûñ»³Û Þñç³åïáÛï 27,28 »õ ÚáõÝÇë

29 2009

Chicago

лé³Ó³Ûݻɪ ´¿Ýݳ ³ñ½ÇÇ 416- 494 4067 905-672-8184

Üé»ÝÇ å³Ý¹áÏ

Nreni bantog

When you have had enough of the Khorovadc, try our uniquely exotic foods at the NRENI, naming a few: real Ichli Kufteh, poori-madsoonov Manti, Lahmajun ,Variety of kebabs including Smpoogov Oorfa kebab, Sarma, unusual appetizers, exotic Middle Eastern salads our delicious Tajins and many more. Beautifully decorated atmosphere and great music.Reservations. up to 65, for baptism, birthdays etc are welcome.

Telephone 24-05-81 for directions. Vazgen Kaljian

Yerevan Rental / also for sale. Newly renovated,well furnished, two bedroom apartment, with a huge and gorgeous living room spectacularly overlooking Yerevan, Ararat, Dsidsernakabert Mayr Hayasdan.Minutes walk to the Hrabarak. On Saryan/Mashdoc streets. A.C., and more. All inclusive (except phone). Weekly $300US, Long term negotiable. ( Also is for sale.) Call Vazgen Kaljian in Yerevan. hm. 53 69 97, Cell 093 41 34 96 or at NRENI 240581 email.vkaljian@rogers.com


29

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ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

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ÊÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿

§ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ã¿ Çñ ¿ç»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ͳÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñáõ µáí³Ý¹³Ïáõû³Ý: Ø»½Ç ÛÕáõ³Í µáÉáñ ÃÕóÏóáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÝ áõ ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ »ÝÃ³Ï³Û »Ý áñáß ËÙµ³·ñáõÙÇ:

Lilia’s ALTERATIONS

HOME IMPROVEMENT

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ß³ñ. ¿ç 6-¿Ý

õ»ëï³·¿ï Ýϳñ³·ñÇ Ù³ëÇÝ áõ ²½Ý³õáõñÇ Ñ»ï ϳåáõ³Í Ûáõß»ñ å³ïÙ»ó£ Êûëù ³é³õ ݳ»õ ø¿å¿ùÇ Øß³ÏáÛÃÇ Ü³Ë³ñ³ñ øñÇëÃÇÝ êÃ-öÇ¿ñ, áñ Çñ ϳñ·ÇÝ ·Ý³Ñ³ï³ÝùÇ ³ñï³Û³ÛïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ áõÝ»ó³õ ٻͳÝáõÝ »ñ·ãÇ Ñ³ëó¿ÇÝ£ ²å³ ßÝáñѳϳÉáõû³Ý Çñ ëñïÇ ËûëùÁ ³ñï³Û³Ûï»ó Þ³ñÉ ²½Ý³õáõñ£ Þù³Ýß³ÝÇ ïáõãáõû³Ý Ý»ñÏ³Û ¿ÇÝ Ñ³Û Ñ³Ù³ÛÝùÇ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ²é³çÝáñ¹ ´³·ñ³ï êñµ³½³ÝÁ, áñáÝù Çñ»Ýó µ³ñ»Ù³ÕóÝùÝ»ñáí ßÝáñѳõáñ»óÇÝ Ù»Í³ñ»³ÉÁ£ Üß»Ýù, ÿ ³Ýó»³É ÚáõÉÇëÇÝ, ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ ÀݹѳÝáõñ γé³í³ñÇã ØÇù³Û¿É ijݪ Þ³ñÉ ²½Ý³õáõñÁ å³ñ·»õ³ïñáõ³Í ¿ñ ù³Õ³ù³óÇÇ ÙÁ ïñáõ³Í ³Ù»Ý³µ³ñÓñª §ä³ïáõ³Ï³É ²ëå»ï¦Ç ßù³Ýß³Ýáí£

Math Tutoring

60 Deerbrook Trl., Toronto Direct: 647-224-6668 Res.: 416-491-6668 parma@sympatico.ca

RENOVATE IMPROVE CHANGE Free Estimate

LOOKING FOR

(Gr.5 – Gr.12)

Hamaz Tashjian

Sales Representative

416-490-1177

HOMELIFE NEW WORLD REALTY INC.

Torontohye Newspaper Publisher Torontohye communications Inc. 45 Hallcrown Place Willowdale, ON M2J 4Y4 Email:torontohye@gmail.com Phone: (416) 491- 2900 ext. 3 Fax: (416) 491- 2211

All kind of professional alterations & repairs Custom made dresses for women

Parseh Margarosyan Margarosyan

Math Contests Preparations

Looking for an

Armenian-speaking nanny / housekeeper

to help out mother of two in Toronto.

Arto Hacherian

Requested schedule: 9:00am-5:00pm, weekdays

416-495-1513

¾ç³¹ñáõÙ

γñÇÝ ê³ÕïÁ×»³Ý

²ñ³ î¿ñ Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ»³Ý

²ß˳ï³ÏÇóÝ»ñ

̳ÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñ

ì³ñã³Ï³Ý å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ²ñ÷Ç ÞÇÃÇÉ»³Ý

Looking for a career opportunity in financial services? Full time and part time positions. No experience required. We Train! Be hard working and ambitious. For more information, call Nevart:

Please call 416-830-5858

ÊÙµ³·Çñ

²ñßû ¼³ù³ñ»³Ý êáõñ¿Ý â¿ùÇ×»³Ý ê³ñÇÏ ä³å»³Ý öáÉ Âéݳٻ³Ý ê³ñû ²Ûݿ׻³Ý

647.343.8977 LOOKING FOR

(Gauss, Pascal etc.)

ahacherian@hotmail.com

7 Meadowacres Drive, Scarborough, Ont. M1T 1A9 liliakostanyan@yahoo.ca

647.884.4122

Editor

Karin Saghdejian

²Ý³å¿É ̳ïáõñ»³Ý

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ê»õ³Ï Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ»³Ý лé.ª 416-878-0746

Design & Graphics:

лé.ª 416-871-4424

Anabel Satourian Phone: 416- 871-4424 Sevag Haroutunian Phone: 416- 878-0746 Ara Ter Haroutunian Email: aragraphics@gmail.com


2009 30¸.ÚáõÝÇë î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44

´áÉáñ гÛáõÃÇõÝÁ ÑÇõñ³µ³ñ Ññ³õÇñáõ³Í ¿ Cassandra Health Centre ê»÷³Ï³Ý³ï¿ñ ê³ñ·Çë ä³É»³Ý

²é³çÇÝ î³ñ»¹³ñÓÇÝ ºÏ¿ù áõ ͳÝûóó¿ù Ù»ñ Ñ³Û ¹»Õ³·áñÍÝ»ñÁ »õ µÅÇßÏÝ»ñÁ BBQ Party and Free gifts

Saturday June 20, 2009

2040 Victoria Park Ave. Toronto, Ontario, M1R 1V2

416-449-2040

11:00 am to 2:00 pm


31

ÚáõÝÇë 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44


2009 32 ¸.ÚáõÝÇë î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 44


TorontoHye Newpaper Volume 4, #8-44 - June 2009  

TorontoHye Newspaper, the largest Armenian community newspaper in the Greater Toronto Area, which distributes to more than 3,000 households...

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