Page 1

raffi

EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES

Expect the best.

îÝï»ë³Ï³Ý ä³ï»ñ³½Ù

гÛÏ. ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝ

¾ç 13

Call

Raffi at

416-497-9794

AG

Volume 4, No. 6 (42), APRIL 2009 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper

¸. î³ñÇ ÂÇõ 6 (42), ²äðÆÈ 2009 Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ, ÀÝÏ»ñ³ÛÇÝ, ²Ûɳ½³Ý ä³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃ

Raffi D. Boghossian, B.A., B.A., MVA MVA Associate Broker Market Value Appraiser

BUYING OR SELLING REAL ESTATE

ƱÝã áõï»É ... ãáõï»±É ¾ç 27

page 25

²åñÇÉ 24-Çݪ úå³Ù³, Çñ ËÇÕ×Á, øáÝÏñ¿ëÁ »õ 94-³Ù»³Û å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÇñáÕáõÃÇõÝÁ ÀÝóóÇÏ ²åñÇÉ 24-Ç Ý³Ëûñ»³ÏÇÝ« ѳٳÛÝ Ñ³Û ÅáÕáíáõñ¹Á Çñ ³Ï³ÝçÝ»ñÁ åÇïÇ É³ñ¿ ¹¿åÇ àõ³ßÇÝÏÃÁÝ£ ²ñ¹»û±ù ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ñ³Ù³Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÝ³Ï³Ý ¹ÇÙ³·ÇÍÁ í»ñ³Ï³Ý·Ý»Éáõ Ïáãáõ³Í ݳ˳·³Ñ ä³ñ³ù úå³Ù³ åÇïÇ Ñ³Ù³ñÓ³ÏÇ Ñ³ëï³ï»É гÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÇñáÕáõÃÇõÝÁ£ ²ñ¹»ûù Çñ ûÏݳÍáõû³Ý ûñ»ñáõÝ µ³½ÙÇóë гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ÁݹáõÝ³Í úå³Ù³« ݳ˳·³Ñ ÁÉɳɿ »ïù Çñ ËûëùÇÝ ï¿ñÁ åÇïÇ ÁÉɳ±Û£ гÛáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ ëå³ë¿« áñ ó»Õ³ÛÇÝ Ëïñ³Ï³Ýáõû³Ý ½áÑ ó»ÕÇÝ ½³õ³ÏÁ ßñç¿ Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ·Íáí Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ݳ˳·³ÑÝ»ñáõ 1994-¿Ý Ç í»ñ ³õ³Ý¹³Ï³Ý ¹³ñÓ³Í í³ñù³·ÇÍÁ© ÁÝïñ³å³Ûù³ñÇ ³ï»Ýª §³Ûá, ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝ ¿ñ å³ï³Ñ³ÍÁ¦« ÇëÏ Ý³Ë³·³Ñáõû³Ý ³ï»Ýª §ÁÁÁÁ… å³ï³Ñ³ÍÁ ·¿ß µ³Ý ÙÁÝ ¿ñ¦£ úå³Ù³ ³Ûë ²åñÇÉÇÝ Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý Çñ³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ ¹ÇÙ³·ñ³õ¿ µ³½Ù³ÃÇõ ׳ϳïÝ»ñáõ íñ³Û£ ܳ˪ Çñ ë»÷³Ï³Ý ËÇÕ×Á£ 2008-Ç Çñ ݳ˳·³Ñ³Ï³Ý ÁÝïñ³å³Ûù³ñÇ ³ï»Ý ³Ý Ûëï³Ïûñ¿Ý ÏÁ ѳëï³ï¿ñ© §Ð³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ½ñå³ñïáõÃÇõÝ, ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý Ï³ñÍÇù ï»ë³Ï¿ï ã¿, ³ÛÉ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÑëÏ³Û ïáõ»³ÉÝ»ñáí ÷³ëï³ñÏáõ³Í ÇñáÕáõÃÇõÝ ¿¦: ܳ˳·³Ñ úå³Ù³ ó³ñ¹ ÷³ëï»ó« áñ ÏÁ Û³ñ·¿ Çñ ËáëïáõÙÝ»ñÁ« Û³ïϳå¿ë ³ÝáÝù áñáÝù ݳ˳å¿ë Ûëï³Ïûñ¿Ý ѳëï³ï³Í ¿£ ê³Ï³ÛÝ ó³ñ¹ Ûëï³Ï ã¿« ÿ ³Ý ³Ûë ²åñÇÉÇÝ åÇïÇ Ï³ñ»Ý³±Û ѳëï³ï Ï»Ý³É »õ ï»ÕÇ ãï³É Ãñù³Ï³Ý ×ÝßáõÙÇÝ ¹ÇÙ³ó áõ Ûëï³Ïûñ¿Ý Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»É гÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÇñáÕáõÃÇõÝÁ« ÿª á㣠ºñÏñáñ¹ ׳ϳïÇ íñ³Û Ï³Ý Çñ ì³ñã³Ù»ù»Ý³Ý »õ øáÝÏñ¿ëÁª ÿ ǵñ»õ ³ÙµáÕçáõÃÇõÝ »õ ÿ ǵñ»õ ³Ýѳï ùáÝÏñ¿ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ£ úå³Ù³ÛÇ í³ñã³Ù»ù»Ý³Ý ѳٳÉñáõ³Í ¿ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ׳ÝãóáÕ ³ÝÓݳõáñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáí« ÇÝãå¿ëª ÐÇÉÁñÇ øÉÇÝÃÁÝ« Öû ä³ÛïÁÝ« ÈÇáÝ ö»Ý»Ã³« ÐÇÉï³ êáÉÇë« ø»Ý¿Ã ê³É³½³ñ« è¿ÛÙÁÝï ȳÑáõï »õ ijݿà ܳ÷áÉÇóÝû£ ÆëÏ »ñÏÏáõë³Ïó³Ï³Ý ùáÝÏñ¿ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ ³ñ¹¿Ý ÇëÏ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóã³Ï³Ý î³Ý Ý»ñϳ۳óáõóÇÝ Ð³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ÃÇõ 252 µ³Ý³Ó»õÁ« áñ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ݳ˳·³ÑÇÝ ÏÁ å³ñï³õáñ»óÝ¿ ׳ÝãÝ³É Ð³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ£ ²õ»ÉÇÝ ãáñë ùáÝÏñ¿ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ ³ÝÏ³Ë Ý³Ù³Ïáí ÙÁ úå³Ù³ÛÇ ·ñ»óÇݪ ³ÝÏ¿ å³Ñ³Ýç»Éáí í»ñç ï³É Ù»ñÅáõÙÇ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ýáõû³Ý£ ºññáñ¹ ׳ϳïÁª ó»Õ³ëå³Ý³·Çïáõû³Ý Ù³ñ½Ç ·»ñ³·áÛÝ Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ ¿ ÝáÛÝÇÝùÝ Ñ»ÕÇݳϳõáñ ò»Õ³ëå³Ý³·¿ïÝ»ñáõ ØÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ ÀÝÏ»ñ³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ (IAGS)« áñ سñïÇÝ Ý³Ù³Ïáí ÙÁ ¹ÇÙ»ó úå³Ù³ÛÇ ãËáõë³÷»Éáõ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÇñáÕáõÃÇõÝÁ µÝáñá߻ɿ£ ²Ûë ²åñÇÉ 24-Çݪ úå³Ù³ ÏÁ ÙÝ³Û ¹¿Ù ѳݹÇÙ³Ý Çñ ËÇÕ×ÇÝ, øáÝÏñ¿ëÇÝ »õ 94 ï³ñÇÝ»ñ¿ Ç í»ñ ³Õ³Õ³ÏáÕ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÇñáÕáõû³Ý£

èáõµ¿Ý سûõá뻳ÝÇÝ ÝáõÇñáõ³Í Ð²Ú ²ÎàôØ´ ٻͳñ³ÝùÇ »ñ»ÏáÝ, áñÁ ï»ÕÇ åÇïÇ áõݻݳñ 13 ÚáõÝÇë, 2009 Ãáõ³Ï³ÝÇÝ, Ûᵻɻ³ñÇ í³ï³éáÕç ÉÇÝ»Éáõ å³ï׳éáí Û»ï³Ó·õáõÙ ¿: ÂàðàÜÂàÚÆ

ARMENIAN

ASSOCIATION OF TORONTO

γÙùÇó ³ÝÏ³Ë ëï»ÕÍáõ³Í ³Ûë Çñ³íÇ׳ÏÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ, ѳÛóáõÙ »Ýù µáÉáñÇ Ý»ñáÕ³ÙïáõÃÇõÝÁ: ¶Ýáõ³Í ïáÙë»ñÁ Ñݳñ³õáõñ ¿ í»ñ³¹³ñÓÝ»É: ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û ²ÏáõÙµ

Flanders Fields Reflections

JUNO-2009-Ç

Ùñó³Ý³Ï³ÏÇñ ÊÙµ³í³ñ ÜáõñÑ³Ý ²ñÙ³ÝÇ í³ñ³Í Sinfonia Toronto ë»Ý»Ï³ÛÇÝ Ýáõ³·³ËáõÙµÇ §Flanders Fields Reflec-tions¦ Ëï³ë³ÉÇÏÁ Ó»éù Ó·»ó ·³Ý³ï³-Ï³Ý §JUNO - 2009¦Ç ³é³çÝáõÃÇõÝÁ (Best Classical Composition of the Year) ¹³ë³õáñÙ³Ý Ù¿ç: î»ëݻɪ ¿ç 6:


²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

Henry Ghazalian

Percy Fulton Ltd. Brokerage*

#1 Office in Canada Since 1990

STEVE H. MINASSIAN Sales Representative

DON’T SELL FOR LESS, LIST WITH THE BEST

19 Year Canadian Champions

GET $2,000 CASH BACK WHEN YOU BUY AND SELL. (Some Conditions Apply)

Specializing in real estate, wills and estates, and corporate law

ondo C r 2B 80o 0 , 8 5 $1 Toront

CALL NOW!

1-905-259-3707 Bus: 416-298-8200

Direct:

LAWRENCE-WARDEN

Dental Clinic

Dr. Sami Arshak Garabetian D.D.S.

Serving the community for over 26 years.

in teeth whitening!

See the results within 1 hour

Family & Cosmetic Dentistary Dentures Crowns & Bridges New Patients Veneers Seniors Discount Student Discount

Welcome

OPEN MON- SAT. 9 AM TO 8 PM

Lawrence Ave.

Birchmount Rd.

2:00 pm

Latest Technology

& Associates

Warden Ave.

1:00 pm

Pharmacy Rd.

2

416-701-0600

CALL 2080B Lawrence Ave. E.


²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

3

ÂáñáÝÃáѳÛáõÃÇõÝÁ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ØÇçáóáí Ðñ³ßùÝ»ñ ÎÁ ¶áñÍ¿ гÛñ»ÝÇ ÐáÕÇÝ íñ³Û ²ÝáÝù áñáÝù Ñ»ï³ùñùñáõ³Í ¿ÇÝ« ÿ §Ð³Û³ëï³Ý¦ гٳѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇÝ ïáõ³Í Çñ»Ýó ï³ñ»Ï³Ý ÝáõÇñ³ïáõáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ÇÝã ³ñ¹ÇõÝù Ïáõ ï³Ý ѳÛñ»ÝÇ ÑáÕÇÝ íñ³Û« ÑÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÇÝ í»ñçÇÝ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõÙÝ»ñ¿Ý Ñå³ñï³Ýù ³ñÃáÕ ï»Õ»ÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ëï³ó³Ý£ ²ñ¹³ñ»õ« г۳ëï³ÝÇ ²Ýϳ˳óáõÙ¿Ý »õ ²ñó³ËÇ ³½³ï³·ñáõÙ¿Ý ³ÝÙÇç³å¿ë »ïù ϳ½Ùáõ³Í гٳѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÁ« ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ý 15 ï³ñÇÝ»ñ¿ Ç í»ñ г۳ëï³ÝÇ »õ ²ñó³ËÇ í»ñ³Í³ÕÏÙ³Ý Ñ³Ù³ñ Íñ³·ÇñÝ»ñ ÏþÇñ³·áñÍ¿ª ßÝáñÑÇõ ѳٳѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ÝáõÇñ³ïáõáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ£ ÀÉÉ³Û Ð³Û³ëï³Ý-²ñó³Ë Ù³Ûñ»ñ³Ï Ù³ÛñáõÕÇÝ µ³Ý³Éáí« Ã¿ Ñ»é³õáñ ·ÇõÕÇ ÙÁ ¹åñáóÁ í»ñ³ßÇÝ»Éáí« çáõñ ϳ٠ϳ½ ѳëóÝ»Éáí »õ ϳ٠ÑÇõ³Ý¹³Ýáó ÙÁ í»ñ³Ýáñá·»Éáí« ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÁ Ññ³ßùÇ Ñ³Ù³½ûñ Íñ³·ÇñÝ»ñ ÏþÇñ³Ï³Ý³óÝ¿ ѳÛñ»ÝÇ »õ ²ñó³ËÇ ÅáÕáíáõñ¹ÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ£ ºõ ³Ûëª ³Ù»Ý¿Ý å³ñÏ»ßïáõû³Ùµ« ó÷³ÝóÇÏáõû³Ùµ »õ ѳßáõ»ïáõáõû³Ùµ£ ÂáñáÝÃáÑ³Û ·³ÕáõÃÁ ³é³çÇÝ ûñ¿Ý Çñ ÑëÏ³Û ÉáõÙ³Ý ÏÁ µ»ñ¿ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ³ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñáõÝ£ ²Ûë Ù³ëÇÝ »õ ÁݹѳÝñ³å¿ë ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ³ß˳ï»É³Ó»õÁ ÂáñáÝÃáѳÛáõû³Ý Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ»Éáõ ѳٳñ« ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ú³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÁ Çñ»ñ³Û³çáñ¹ ¹³ë³ËûëáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñå»ó ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý »Ï»Õ»óÇÝ»ñáõ Ù¿ç£ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõÙÝ»ñáõÝ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ß»ßïÁ ¹ñáõ»ó³õ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ý ËÇëï ϳñ»õáñáõû³Ý íñ³Û ѳÛñ»ÝÇùÇ í»ñ»ÉùÇÝ Ù¿ç »õ ³é ³Û¹ª Û³é³ç ùßáõ»ó³õ ë÷ÇõéùÇ Ý»ñ¹ñáõÙÁ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ §³½·³ÛÇÝ ïáõñùǦ ¹ñáõû³Ý í»ñ³Ï³Ý·ÝáõÙÁ ѳÛñ»Ý³ßÇÝáõû³Ý ³Ûë Ï»Ýë³Ï³Ý ·áñÍÇÝ Ù¿ç£ §²½·³ÛÇÝ ïáõñù¦ Áë»Éáí å¿ïù 㿠ѳëÏÝ³É Ù»Í ·áõÙ³ñÝ»ñ« ³Ûɪ ÷áùñÇÏ ÉáõÙ³ ÙÁ Çõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñ ÁÝï³ÝÇù¿Ý« áñ ѳõ³ùáõ»Éáí åÇïÇ Ï³½Ù¿ ٻͪ Ññ³ß³·áñÍ ·áõÙ³ñÁ£ Ú³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ ³ï»Ý³å»ï ØÏñïÇã ØÏñïÇã»³Ý å³ëï³éÇ íñ³Û Ù³Ýñ³Ù³ëÝ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ·áñͻɳӻõÁ« Ýå³ï³ÏÁ »õ Û³ïϳå¿ë ÃáñáÝÃáѳÛáõû³Ý Ý»ñ¹ñáõÙÁ ³Ûë ³ß˳ï³ÝùÇÝ Ù¿ç£ ØÏñïÇã»³Ý Ý³Ë Ñ³ëï³ï»ó гٳѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ Ýå³ï³ÏÁ Áë»Éáí« áñ 1993-ÇÝ ÑÇÙÝáõ³Í ýáÝïÇÝ Ýå³ï³ÏÁ ѳÛñ»ÝÇùÇ Ù¿ç »ÝóϳéáÛóÝ»ñáõ í»ñ³Ï³Ý·ÝáõÙÝ áõ ë÷ÇõéùÇ ûųݹ³Ïáõû³Ýó ѳõ³ùáõÙÝ »õ áõÕÕáõÙÝ ¿ ¹¿åÇ Ñ³Ûñ»ÝÇù£ ²ÝÇϳ ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ ÑëÏáÕáõû³Ý Ý»ñù»õ ÊÝ³Ù³Ï³É ËáñÑáõñ¹ÇÝ« áñáõÝ ÏÁ ݳ˳·³Ñ¿ г۳ëï³ÝÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõû³Ý ܳ˳·³ÑÁ »õ ³Ýáñ ³Ý¹³Ù »Ý г۳ëï³ÝÇ »õ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÇ µ³ñÓñ³ëïÇ×³Ý å³ßïûݳñ³ñÝ»ñ« ë÷Çõéù³Ñ³Û ³½¹»óÇÏ ³ÝÓݳõáñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ »õ ٻͳѳñáõëïÝ»ñ£ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ýó áõÕÕ³ÏÇûñ¿Ý ÏÁ í»ñ³Ý³ÛÇ »õ ½³ÝáÝù ÏÁ ջϳí³ñ¿ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ¶áñͳ¹Çñ ÊáñÑáõñ¹Á« áñáõÝ Ï»¹ñáÝÝ ¿ ºñ»õ³Ý£ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÁ ÏÁ ϳï³ñ¿ ßÇݳñ³ñ³Ï³Ý«

ÁÝÏ»ñ³ÛÇÝ« ·Çï³Ï³Ý« »É»õÙï³Ï³Ý »õ ѳÕáñ¹³Ïó³Ï³Ý Íñ³·ÇñÝ»ñ« ÇëÏ ³Ýáñ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ýó ѳßÇõÝ»ñáõÝ ÏÁ í»ñ³Ý³ÛÇ ÙÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ Grant Thornton Amyot Auditing-Ç ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÁ£ ²ëáñ ѳٳñ ³É ÑÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÁ г۳ëï³ÝÇ ûųݹ³ÏáÕ Çñ ÝáõÇñ³ïáõÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³ßáõ»ïáõ »õ ³Ù»Ý¿Ý ó÷³ÝóÇÏ ýáÝïÁ ÏÁ ѳٳñáõÇ£ ²ÛÝáõÑ»ï»õ ØÏñïÇã»³Ý Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó ÃáñáÝÃáÑ³Û ·³ÕáõÃÇ ûųݹ³Ïáõû³Ý å³ïÏ»ñÁ£ ²Ý Áë³õ« ÿ 1993-¿Ý ÙÇÝã»õ ³Ûëûñ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ñ³Û ·³ÕáõÃÁ ßáõñç 2 ÙÇÉÇáÝ 900 ѳ½³ñÇ ÝáõÇñ³ïáõáõÃÇõÝ Ï³ï³ñ³Í ¿£ ²Ûë ·áõÙ³ñÝ»ñáí Çñ³Ï³Ý³óáõ³Í »Ý ßáõñç 30 Íñ³·ÇñÝ»ñ« áñáÝóÙ¿ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÇ Ù¿ç ãáñë ¹åñáóÝ»ñáõ ϳéáõóáõÙ« çñ³ÙáõÕ »õ ϳ½³ÙáõÕ ËáÕáí³ÏÝ»ñáõ ßÇÝáõÃÇõÝ« ÑÇõ³Ý¹³ÝáóÝ»ñáõ ·áñÍÇùÝ»ñáõ ѳÛóÛÃáõÙ« êï»÷³Ý³Ï»ñïÇ Ù¿ç µÝ³·Çïáõû³Ý ¹åñáóÇ í»ñ³ßÇÝáõÃÇõÝ« ѳٳѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ã»É»ÃáÝÇ Ù³ëݳÏóáõÃÇõÝ« »õ³ÛÉÝ£ ØÏñïÇã»³Ý Û³ÛïÝ»ó« ÿ ³ÛÅÙ ÑÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ Ñ³Ý·³Ý³Ï³Í ¹ñ³ÙÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ Û³ïϳóáõÇÝ êåÇï³Ï³ß¿Ý ·ÇõÕÇ ¹åñáóÇ ßÇÝáõû³Ý« áñáõÝ Í³Ëë»ñÁ ÏÁ ·Ý³Ñ³ïáõÇÝ 400 ѳ½³ñ ïáɳñáí£ ²ÛÝáõÑ»ï»õ ØÏñïÇã»³Ý íëï³Ñ»óáõó« áñ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÁ íëï³Ñ»ÉÇ ýáÝï ¿ »õ ³ÝѳïÝ»ñ ãí³ñ³ÝÇÝ Çñ»Ýó ·áõÙ³ñÝ»ñÁ ÝáõÇñ»Éáõ ³Ýáñ£ ²Ý ³é³ç³ñÏ»ó ³½·³ÛÇÝ ïáõñùÇ ¹ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ѳëï³ï»É »õ ³õ»ÉÇݪ ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý ïËáõñ ÿ áõñ³Ë ³éÇÃÝ»ñáõ ÝáõÇñ³ïáõáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ϳï³ñ»É ÑÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇÝ£ ²Ý Áë³õ« ÿ ³Ûë µáÉáñÁ ÏÁ ͳé³Û»Ý Ù»ñ ѳÛñ»ÝÇùÇ í»ñ»ÉùÇÝ »õ Û³ïϳå¿ë Ô³ñ³µ³ÕóÇÇÝ Ï»³ÝùÇ å³ÛÙ³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ µ³ñ»É³õٳݫ ÝϳïÇ áõݻݳÉáí áñ ³ÝáÝó ǵñ»õ Ý»óáõÏ ë÷Çõéù¿Ý »õ г۳ëï³Ý¿Ý ½³ï áã áù Ï³Ý·Ý³Í ¿£ ê³ÑÇÏÝ»ñáõÝ ÏþÁÝÏ»ñ³Ý³ÛÇÝ Ý³»õ ÝϳñÝ»ñ« áñáÝù Ý»ñϳݻñáõÝ å³ïÏ»ñ ÙÁ Ïáõ ï³ÛÇÝ ÃáñáÝÃáѳÛáõû³Ý Çñ³Ï³Ý³óáõó³Í ßÇݳñ³ñ³Ï³Ý Íñ³·ÇñÝ»ñáõÝ Ù³ëÇÝ£ ²Ý Ýß»ó áñ ÃáñáÝÃáѳÛáõû³Ý ûųݹ³Ïáõû³Ý Ù³ëÇÝ ³ñӳݳ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ½»ï»Õáõ³Í »Ý ²ñó³ËÇ Ù¿ç ³Ýáñ ûųݹ³Ïáõû³Ùµ ϳéáõóáõ³Í ß¿Ýù»ñáõÝ »õ ϳéáÛóÝ»ñáõÝ íñ³Û£ Üß»Ýù« áñ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Û³ÝËÓݳËáõÙµÁ í»ñçÇÝ »ñÏáõ ï³ñÇÝ»ñáõÝ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ÏÁ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñå¿ Ý³»õ ¹åñáó³Ï³Ý ¹ñ³Ù³Ñ³õ³ù« áñáõÝ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ¹åñáóÇ ³ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ Ù³ëݳÏóÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÇ ¹åñáóÝ»ñáõ ßÇݳñ³ñ³Ï³Ý ·áñÍÇÝ£ ²Ýó»³É ï³ñÇ ³ß³Ï»ñï³Ï³Ý ¹ñ³Ù³Ñ³õ³ù¿Ý 7500 ïáɳñ Û³ïϳóáõ»ó³õ ì»ñÇÝ Ðáñ³Ã³Õ ·ÇõÕÇ ø³ñáɳÛÝ øáùëÇ ³Ýáõ³Ý ¹åñáóÇÝ Ï³Ñ³õáñٳݣ ÐÇÙݳ¹ñ³ÙÇ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ý Ù³Ýñ³Ù³ëÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁª Ù»ñ Û³çáñ¹ ÃÇõáí£

³Ù»³Ï Þ³µ³Ã

20

ÚáõÝÇë

ê. ºññáñ¹áõÃÇõÝ Ð³Ûó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ

ê²êàôÜ ä²ð²ÊàôØ´Æ

ÐÝ·³Ù»³ÏÇÝ ÝáõÇñáõ³Í

î²ðºÎ²Ü ºÈàÚÂ

HTAC SASSOON DANCE GROUP

5th anniversary special event Artistic Director & Choreographer JOE AVAKIAN, Assistant Instructor SOSSY AVAKIAN

2009

June 20

3:00 pm & 7:30 pm Ð³Û ºñÇï³ë³ñ¹³Ï³Ý λ¹ñáÝ Armenian Youth Centre

50 Hallcrown place (HWY 401 & Victoria Park)

Tickets $25 For more information & tickets please call Holy Trinity Armenian Church office: îáÙë»ñÁ 416-431-3001 ѳٳñ³Ï³Éáõ³Í »Ý. ²×³å³ñ»ó¿ù ³å³Ñáí»Éáõ Sis Abajian: 416-312-4098 Ó»ñ ³ÃáéÁ Mary Tawid: 416-897-4855


4

вڲêî²Ü

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

Þ³µ³Ã³í»ñç ÙÁ Öáñ×óáõÝÇ ïÕáó Ñ»ï

²ÝÙáé³Ý³ÉÇ ÷áñÓ³éáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ

§Öáñ×óáõÝÇ Ð³Û ïÕ³ùÝ »Ýù, гÛñ»ÝÇù¿Ý ½ñÏáõ³Í »Ýù¦ ²ÙÇëÝ»ñáõ ïùݳç³Ý ³ß˳ï³Ýù¿ »ïù, 14-15 سñï, 2009-Ç ß³µ³Ã³í»ñçÇÝ, ÃáñáÝÃáѳÛáõÃÇõÝÁ í³Û»É»ó гٳ½·³ÛÇÝÇ ÜÇõ ÖÁñ½ÇÇ Ø³Ýϳå³ï³Ý»Ï³Ý ³ï»ñ³ËáõÙµÁ ·³Õáõÿë Ý»ñë, áñ »Ï³Í ¿ñ Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ»Éáõ ¸áÏï. Ðñ³Ý¹ سñ·³ñ»³ÝÇ Ñ»ÕÇݳÏáõû³Ùµ »õ µ»Ù³¹ñáõû³Ùµ §The Georgetown Boys¦ »ñÏÉ»½áõ »ñ³Åßï³Ë³éÝ Ã³ïñáÝÁ£ ܳ˳ӻéÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñå³Í ¿ñ гٳ½·³ÛÇÝÇ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ §¶É³Óáñ¦ سëݳ×ÇõÕÇ Ã³ï»ñ³Ï³Ý Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÁ, Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõû³Ùµª ÐÚ¸ §ê. »ÑÉÇñ»³Ý¦ ÎáÙÇï¿áõû³Ý£ ì»ñç³å¿ë, »ñÏáõ ï³ñáõ³Ý Íñ³·ÇñÁ Çñ³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝ ÏÁ ¹³éݳñ: ÚáõÝáõ³ñ 2009-ÇÝ ³ñ¹¿Ý ³ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñÁ ÁÝóóùÇ Ù¿ç ¿ÇÝ. »-ݳٳÏÝ»ñáõ ÷á˳ݳÏáõÙ, ³å³ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛݳÛÇÝ Ñ³Õáñ¹³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ëñ³ÑÇ »õ ûùÝÇù ë³ñù»ñáõ ³å³ÑáíáõÙ, ͳÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñ »õ ïáÙë»ñáõ í³×³éù£ سñï ³Ùëáõ³Ý ³é³çÇÝ ß³µ³ÃÁ ûõ³Ïá˳ͪ µáÉáñ ïáÙë»ñÁ ëå³é³Í ¿ÇÝ£ ¼³ñٳݳÉÇ ã¿ñ, áñáíÑ»ï»õ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõÙÁ гٳ½·³ÛÇÝÇÝÝ ¿ »õ áñáíÑ»ï»õ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ»ÉÇù µ»Ù³¹ñáõÃÇõÝÁª §The Georgetown Boys¦Ý ¿, ·³Ý³ï³Ñ³Ûáõû³Ý ѳٳñ ºÕ»éÝ»³Ý å³ïÙáõÃ»Ý¿Ý ³ÝÙáé³Ý³ÉÇ ¿ç ÙÁÝ ¿£ Þ³µ³Ã 14 سñï, Ï¿ëûñáõ³Ý ųÙÁ 1:00ý. ³ï»ñ³ËáõÙµÁ ÏÁ ѳëÝÇ Öáñ×óáõÝÇ »ñµ»ÙÝÇ ³·³ñ³ÏÁ, áõñ ½³ÝáÝù ÏÁ ¹ÇÙ³õáñ»Ý гٳ½·³ÛÇÝÇ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ §¶É³Óáñ¦ Ù³ëݳ×ÇõÕÇ í³ñãáõÃÇõÝÁ, óï»ñ³Ï³Ý Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÁ, ÐÚ¸ §ê. »ÑÉÇñ»³Ý¦ ÏáÙÇï¿Ç »õ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û ¸³ïÇ Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñÁ£ ºõ ÏÁ ëÏëÇ ßñç³·³ÛáõÃÇõÝÁ£ îÇÏÇÝ äáÝÝÇÝ ¿, áñ µ³ó³ïñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ Ïáõ ï³Û. ³Ýáñ ÍÝáÕùÁ ³Ûë ³·³ñ³Ï³ï³Ý å³Ñ³ÏÝ»ñÁ »Õ³Í »Ý, »ñµ 1923-1927 Ãáõ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ, 109 Ñ³Û áñµ ïÕ³ùÁ ÷á˳¹ñáõ»ó³Ý ¶³Ý³ï³£ §àãÇÝã áõÝ¿ÇÝ Çñ»Ýó Ñ»ï »ñµ ѳë³Ý¦ Áë³õ ³Ý£ Îþ³ñÅ¿ñ ï»ëÝ»É Ð³Ù³½·³ÛÇÝÇ ÜÇõ ÖÁñ½ÇÇ Ø³Ýϳå³ï³Ý»Ï³Ý ³ï»ñ³ËáõÙµÇ å³ñÙ³ÝÇ ¹»ñ³ë³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ ¹¿ÙùÇÝ íñ³Û áõñáõ³·Íáõ³Í ÅåÇïÝ áõ ïËñáõÃÇõÝÁ Ùdz˳éÝ, »ñµ ÏÁ åïï¿ÇÝ Çñ»Ýó Ù³ñÙݳõáñ³Í áõ í»ñ³Ï»Ý¹³Ý³óáõó³Í Öáñ×óáõÝÇ ïÕáó ë»Ý»³ÏÝ»ñáõÝ, Éá·³ñ³ÝÇÝ, ׳߳ë»Ý»³ÏÇÝ áõ ¹³ë³ñ³ÝÇÝ Ù¿ç£ Þñç³·³Ûáõû³Ý ³õ³ñïÇÝ, ËáõÙµÁ ͳÕÏ»åë³Ï ÙÁ ½»ï»Õ»ó ³·³ñ³Ï³ï³Ý ÙáõïùÇÝ, Ç ÛÇß³ï³Ï Öáñ×óáõÝÇ ïÕáó£ î»ÕÇÝ ¿ Ýß»É, áñ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û ¸³ïÇ Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÁ ÑëÏ³Û³Ï³Ý ³ß˳ï³Ýù ÏÁ ï³ÝÇ Öáñ×óáõÝÇ »ñµ»ÙÝÇ ³·³ñ³ÏÁ í»ñ³Í»Éáõ ºÕ»éÝÇ Ã³Ý·³ñ³ÝÇ£ Æñûù, ³ÛÝ ûñ¿Ý, »ñµ Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÁ ÇÙ³ó³õ, áñ Öáñ×óáõÝÇ ³·³ñ³Ï³ïáõÝÁ ÷É»Éáõ Íñ³·Çñ ÙÁ ·áÛáõÃÇõÝ áõÝÇ, ϳ½Ù»ó Û³ïáõÏ »Ýó۳ÝÓݳËáõÙµ ÙÁ, áñ åÇïÇ Ñ»ï³åݹ¿ñ ³Ûë ѳñóÁª ÷áñÓ»É µ»Ï³Ý»Éáõ Íñ³·ÇñÁ£ ²ÙÇëÝ»ñáõ ïùݳç³Ý ³ß˳ï³Ýù¿ »ïù, Halton Hills-Ç Å³é³Ý·áõû³Ý Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµ¿Ý ÏþÇٳݳÝù, áñ ϳÉáõ³ÍÁ ³ñ¹¿Ý ÇëÏ ³ñӳݳ·ñáõ³Í ¿ ǵñ»õ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý í³Ûñ, áõ Ù»Í ·áõÙ³ñÝ»ñ ÏÁ ͳËëáõÇÝ ³·³ñ³ÏÁ µ³ñ»Ýáñá·»Éáõ£ ÜáÛÝ ûñÁ »ñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý, ËáõÙµÁ ÏÁ ѳëÝÇ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝ£ Øï»ñÙÇÏ ÁÝÃñÇù-Ëñ³Ë׳ÝùÇ ÙÁ ÁÝóóùÇÝ, ͳÝûóó³Ýù Çñ³ñ áõ Ù»ñ ϳå»ñÁ ë»ñï³ó³Ý£ ØÇÝã»õ Ï¿ë ·Çß»ñ ѳ׻ÉÇ ÙÃÝáÉáñï ÙÁ ³Ýóݻɿ »ïù, ËáõÙµÁ ³Ýó³õ å³Ý¹áÏ, ³é³õûï ϳÝáõË Ã³ï»ñ³ëñ³ÑÇÝ Ù¿ç ѳݹÇå»Éáõ ÛáÛëáí£ ÎÇñ³ÏÇ ý15 سñïª Ý»ñϳ۳óÙ³Ý ûñÁ£ Ð³Û ºñÇï³ë³ñ¹³Ï³Ý λ¹ñáÝÇ §Ð³Ù³½·³ÛÇݦ óï»ñ³ëñ³ÑÁ »éáõ½»ñÇ Ù¿ç ¿£ ´»ÙÇ Û³ñ¹³ñ³ÝùÝ»ñ, Ó³ÛÝÇ »õ ÉáÛëÇ ë³ñù³õáñáõÙ, í»ñçÇÝ ÷áñÓ... ÙÇõë ÏáÕÙ¿ª ѳÛáñ¹ÇÝ»ñ ÏÁ ßï³å»Ý ëñ³Ñ, ³ÛÝ ÛáÛëáí, áñ ûñ»õë ïáÙë ÙÁ ï³Ï³õÇÝ Ùݳó³Í ÏþÁÉɳÛ. µ³Ûó Ç ½áõñ£ гٳ½·³ÛÇÝ Ð³Û ÎñÃ³Ï³Ý »õ Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ ØÇáõû³Ý §¶É³Óáñ¦ سëݳ×ÇõÕÇ »õ ÐÚ¸ §ê. »ÑÉÇñ»³Ý¦ ÎáÙÇï¿áõû³Ý ³ÝáõÝáí Ëûëù ³é³õ Ê³Å³Ï ¶áõɳ׻³Ý£ ²Ý µ³ñÇ ·³Éáõëï Ù³Õûɿ »ïù, ѳÏÇñ× å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÙÁ ïáõ³õ Öáñ×óáõÝÇ ïÕáó Ù³ëÇÝ áõ ³å³ áÕçáõÝ»ó ûï³ñ ³÷»ñ ÍÝ³Í áõ Ù»Íó³Í å³ï³ÝÇ ¹»ñ³ë³ÝÝ»ñÁ, áñ гٳ½·³ÛÇÝÇ Ñáí³ÝÇÇÝ ï³Ï ÏÁ ·áñÍ»Ý ³ÝËáÝç, Ù³ñÙݳõáñ»Éáõ ѳٳñ 1915-Ç ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃ»Ý¿Ý ³½³ï³Í áõ Çñ»Ýó ѳë³Ï³ÏÇóª 109 áñµ»ñáõ ³Ýï»ëáõ³Í Ï»³ÝùÇ ¹ñáõ³·Ý»ñÁ£ ¶áõɳ׻³Ý ³å³ áÕçáõÝ»ó ·ÇïݳϳÝ, óï»ñ³·Çñ, µ»Ù³¹ñÇã, ¹»ñ³ë³Ý, µ³Ý³ëï»ÕÍ »õ ³½·³ÛÇÝ ·áñÍÇã ¸áÏï. Ðñ³Ý¹ سñ·³ñ»³ÝÁ, áñ Öáñ×óáõÝÇ îÕáó ³Ñ³õáñ ë³Ï³ÛÝ Ññ³ß³ÉÇ ¹¿åùÁ å»Õ»Éáí, Çñ ³ñáõ»ëï³·¿ïÇ áëåÝ»³Ï¿Ý ¹Çï»Éáí, ·»Õ³ñáõ»ëï³Ï³Ý ׳߳Ïáí áõ ѳÛñ»Ý³ëÇñ³Ï³Ý ßáõÝãáí ½³ÛÝ ÏÁ Ù³ïáõó¿ ÅáÕáíáõñ¹Çݪ áñå¿ë óï»ñ·áõÃÇõÝ£ ºõ í»ñç³å¿ë, ßÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝ Û³ÛïÝ»ó гٳ½·³ÛÇÝÇ ÜÇõ ÖÁñ½ÇÇ í³ñãáõû³Ý áõ سÝϳå³ï³Ý»Ï³Ý ³ï»ñ³ËáõÙµÇ ³ÝÓݳϳ½ÙÇÝ, áñ Áݹ³é³ç»óÇÝ §¶É³Óáñ¦ سëݳ×ÇõÕÇ Ññ³õ¿ñÇÝ áõ ·áñͳÏó»ó³Ý ³Ýáñ óï»ñ³Ï³Ý Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇÝ Ñ»ï Çñ³Ï³Ý³óÝ»Éáõ ѳٳñ ³Ûë ËáñÇÙ³ëï »õ ¹³ëïdzñ³Ïã³Ï³Ý µ»Ù³¹ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ù¿ç£ Æñ ËûëùÇ ³õ³ñïÇÝ, ¶áõɳ׻³Ý µ»Ù Ññ³õÇñ»ó ¶³Ý³ï³Ï³Ý ÊáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ ³Ý¹³Ù, ²½³ï³Ï³Ý Îáõë³Ïóáõû³Ý Ý»ñϳ۳óáõóÇ㪠ÖÇÙ ø³ñÇ×dzÝÇë, áñ ³Ûë ³éÇÃáí Çñ ëñïÇ ËûëùÁ ÷á˳Ýó»ó »õ µ»Ù Ññ³õÇñ»ó Öáñ×óáõÝÇ îÕáó ÁÝï³ÝÇùÝ»ñ¿Ýª ¾ÉëÇ Îñ³ÝÃ, ä³å ²ïáõñ»³Ý »õ ø³ñÉ Ö¿ûñ×»³Ý áõ ½³ÝáÝù ͳÝûóóáõó Ý»ñϳݻñáõÝ£

гٳ½·³ÛÇÝÇ ÜÇõ ÖÁñ½ÇÇ Ã³ï»ñ³Ï³Ý ËÙµ³ÏÁ »õ µ»Ù³¹ñÇã Ð. سñ·³ñ»³Ý:

ºñ»ë÷áË³Ý Ö. ø³ñÇ×dzÝÇë ÏÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ¿ Öáñ×óáõÝ îÕáó ÁÝï³ÝÇùÝ»ñ¿Ýª ¾ÉëÇ Îñ³ÝÃ, ä³å ²ïáõñ»³Ý »õ ø³ñÉ Öáñ×»³Ý:

³ï»ñ³Ë³ÕÁ ëÏë³õ سÛùÁÉÇÝ Ñ»ï, ï³ñÇùÁ Û³é³ç³ó³Í ïÕáóÙ¿ Ù¿ÏÁ, áñ Ïþ³Ûó»É¿ Öáñ×óáõÝ áõ ÏÁ í»ñ³Ïáã¿ ³Ýó»³ÉÁ£ ²å³ Öáñ×óáõÝÇ ïÕáó ³é³çÇÝ Ñá۳ϳå, ³½¹»óÇÏ áõ Ûáõ½Çã §Öáñ×óáõÝÇ Ð³Û ïÕ³ùÝ »Ýù¦ »ñ·Á, áñáí Ñ»ÕÇݳÏÁ ϳñáÕ³ó³õ ѳݹÇë³ï»ëÁ ÷á˳¹ñ»É ³Û¹ ųٳݳϳßñç³ÝÝ áõ ÙÇç³í³ÛñÁ£ ³ï»ñ³Ë³ÕÁ ß³ñáõݳÏáõ»ó³õ Í»ñáõÝÇ Ø³ÛùÁÉÇ ÛÇßáÕáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáí, áñ ˳ճñÏáõû³Ùµ ÏÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ¿ñ£ àõ ³Ûë ÛÇßáÕáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ Áݹٿç¿Ý ѳݹÇë³ï»ëÁ ³åñ³ó³õ áõ ½·³ó Öáñ×óáõÝÇ ïÕáõÝ ÙÕÓ³õ³Ýç¿ Ñ³É³Íáõ³Í ɳóÁ, ѳÛáõ ³ñųݳå³ïáõáõÃÇõÝÁ å³Ñ»Éáõ »õ ³½·áõû³Ý ϳéã»Éáõ å³Ûù³ñÁ£ ºñµ óï»ñ³Ë³ÕÁ ѳë³õ Çñ ³õ³ñïÇÝ, µáÉáñë Ûáõ½áõ³Í ¿ÇÝù: ÚáïÝϳÛë ÏÁ ͳ÷³Ñ³ñ»Ýù áõ §åñ³õû¦Ý»ñ ÏÁ ·áã»Ýù£ ´áÉáñë Ñdzó³Í »Ýù ³Ù¿Ý³÷áùñ¿Ý ÙÇÝã»õ ³É»Ñ»ñ ¹»ñ³Ï³ï³ñÝ»ñáõÝ Ë³Õ³ñÏáõû³Ý íñ³Û£ ²õ³ñïÇÝ, §¶É³Óáñ¦ Ù³ëݳ×ÇõÕÇ ³ï»Ý³å»ïª ³ٳñ îûݳå»ï»³Ý ßÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝ Û³ÛïÝ»ó µáÉáñ ³ÛÝ ³ÝÓ»ñáõÝ áõ ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ, áñáÝù ³ç³Ïó»ó³Ý Ù³ëݳ×ÇõÕÇë ³Ûë Ó»éݳñÏÇ Û³çáÕáõû³Ý ѳٳñ, »õ ¹»ñ³Ï³ï³ñÝ»ñáõÝ ÝáõÇñ»ó §Aram’s Choice¦ »õ §A Summer Without Dawn¦ ·Çñù»ñÁ, ÇëÏ ¸áÏï. Ðñ³Ý¹ سñ·³ñ»³ÝÇݪ §Like Our Mountains¦ ·ÇñùÁ£ ²å³ гÛñ Ø»ÕñÇÏ Ì. ìñ¹. ´³ñÇù»³Ý, ëñïÇ Ëûëù¿Ý »ïù, ¹³éݳÉáí å³ï³ÝÇÝ»ñáõÝ Áë³õ. §²Ûëûñáõ³Ý å³Ñå³ÝÇãÁ ¹á°õù ¿ áñ åÇïÇ ÁÝ¿ù, Ó»ñ ùÇã ³é³ç Ù»Ïݳµ³Ý³Í §Â³·³õáñ ºñÏݳõáñ¦-áí¦£ ºõ ³Û¹å¿ë ³É »Õ³õ£ ´»ÙÇ Û³ñ¹³ñ³ÝùÝ»ñÁ ëÏë³Ý í³ñ ³éÝáõÇÉ, ͳÉÉáõÇÉ áõ ѳÝñ³Ï³éù ÷á˳¹ñáõÇÉ... ³ÙÇëÝ»ñáõ ³ß˳ï³ÝùÁ ³ñ¹¿Ý ³õ³ñï³Í ¿ñ Û³çáÕáõû³Ùµ£ ²Ûá°... ³Ûëù³Ý ßáõï: ²ÛÉ ³éÇÃáí ï»ëÝáõ»Éáõ ËáëïáõÙáí, Ññ³Å»ßï Ïáõ ï³Ýù Çñ³ñáõ£ гÝñ³ß³ñÅÁ ϳٳó ϳٳó ÏÁ Ñ»é³Ý³Û ¹¿åÇ ÜÇõ ÖÁñ½Ç... ²ÝÙáé³Ý³ÉÇ ß³µ³Ã³í»ñç ÙÁ... гٳ½·³ÛÇÝ Ð³Û ÎñÃ³Ï³Ý »õ Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ ØÇáõû³Ý §¶É³Óáñ¦ سëݳ×ÇõÕÇ ì³ñãáõÃÇõÝ

ÊÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿ §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ã¿ Çñ ¿ç»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ͳÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñáõ µáí³Ý¹³Ïáõû³Ý: Ø»½Ç ÛÕáõ³Í µáÉáñ ÃÕóÏóáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÝ áõ ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ »ÝÃ³Ï³Û »Ý áñáß ËÙµ³·ñáõÙÇ:


ÂàðàÜÂàÐ²Ú Îº²Üø

ÐÐ. ê÷ÇõéùÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñª Ð. Ú³Ïáµ»³ÝÇ ³Ûó»ÉáõÃÇõÝÁ ê. ê³Ñ³Ï »õ ê. Ø»ëñáå ²½·³ÛÇÝ Þ³µ³Ãûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³Ý سñdz ö³Ýá뻳Ý-²å¿×»³Ý ö»ïñáõ³ñ 28 2009-ÇÝ, ê. ê³Ñ³Ï »õ ê. Ø»ëñáå ²½·³ÛÇÝ Þ³µ³Ãûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³ÝÁ å³ïÇõÝ áõÝ»ó³õ ÑÇõñÁÝϳɻÉáõ Ð.Ð. ê÷ÇõéùÇ Ü³Ë³ñ³ñª Ðñ³Ýáõß Ú³Ïáµ»³ÝÁ, áõÕ»Ïóáõû³Ùµ ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ Ù¿ç г۳ëï³ÝÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõû³Ý ¸»ëå³Ý³ï³Ý гõ³ï³ñÙ³ï³ñ îdzñ ²ñÙ³Ý Ú³Ïáµ»³ÝÇÝ, ¶³Ý³ï³Ñ³Ûáó ²é³çÝáñ¹ ¶»ñ³ßÝáñÑ î¿ñ ´³·ñ³ï ºåÇëÏáåáë ¶³Éëï³Ý»³ÝÇÝ »õ î¿ñ ¼³ñ»Ñ ²õ³· øÑÝÛ ¼³ñ·³ñ»³ÝÇÝ£ ÐÇõñ»ñÁ Ù»Í Ë³Ý¹³í³éáõû³Ùµ ¹ÇÙ³õáñáõ»ó³Ý ß³µ³Ãûñ»³ÛÇë ïÝûñ¿ÝáõÑǪ îÇÏ êáÝdz ¶ñ³×»³ÝÇ »õ ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ï³ñ³½Ý»ñ ѳ·³Í áõ ³õ³Ý¹³Ï³Ý ³ÕÝ áõ ѳóÁ Ó»éù»ñÝÇÝ Ï³ñ· ÙÁ ³ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñáõ ÏáÕÙ¿£ ²ß³Ï»ñïáõÃÇõÝÁ Û³çáñ¹³µ³ñ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó §O~ Canada¦ »õ §Ø»ñ гÛñ»ÝÇù¦ ù³ÛÉ»ñ·Ý»ñÁ, ³å³ª §Ø»ñ àõËïÁ¦áí Û³ïáõÏ ¹ÇÙ³·ÇÍÁ ³ñï³Û³Ûï»ó ³½·³ÛÇÝ ß³µ³Ãûñ»³ÛÇë, áñ Ù»Í ïå³õáñáõÃÇõÝ ÃáÕáõó Ý»ñÏ³Û ÑÇõñÇÝ íñ³Û£ Ú³çáñ¹³µ³ñ »ñ·áõ»ó³Ý §ì»ñ³ÍÝáõ³Í ²½·¦, (Ëûëù »õ »ñ³ÅßïáõÃÇõݪ ê¿ñáõÅ ¶ñ³×»³ÝÇ) »õ §ä³ï³Ý»Ï³Ý¦ (»ñ³ÅßïáõÃÇõݪ ². Øݳϻ³ÝÇ) »ñ·»ñÁ £ Ø»Í áõñ³ËáõÃÇõÝ ¿ñ ѳÛñ»ÝÇ ÑÇõñÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ ï»ëÝ»É ÓáõÉáõÙÇ íï³Ý·Ý»ñáí ßñç³å³ïáõ³Í ê÷ÇõéùÇ ï³ñ³ÍùÇÝ Ñ³Û Ù³ÝáõÏÝ»ñáõ ßñÃÝ»ñ¿Ý »É³Í ÝÙ³ÝûñÇÝ³Ï Ñ³Û»ñ¿Ý »ñ·»ñÁ: ²å³ ¹ñáõ³ï³ÝùÇ Çñ ËûëùÁ áõÕÕ»Éáí Ù¿Ï ÏáÕÙ¿ ÍÝáÕÝ»ñáõÝ, áñáÝù áñáß ½áÑáÕáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáí Çñ»Ýó ½³õ³ÏÝ»ñÁ ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ¹åñáó ÏþáõÕ³ñÏ»Ý, ÙÇõë ÏáÕÙ¿ ßÝáñѳõáñ»ó ïÝûñ¿ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ áõ áõëáõóã³ó ϳ½ÙÁª ѳ۳å³Ñå³ÝÙ³Ý áõÕÕáõû³Ùµ ï³ñ³Í Çñ»Ýó ïùݳç³Ý ³ß˳ï³ÝùÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ£ ÚÇß³ï³Ï»ÉÇ ëáÛÝ Ñ³Ý¹ÇåáõÙÁ í»ñç ·ï³õ ѳÛñ»ÝÇ ÑÇõñÇÝ Ñ»ï ѳٳËÙµáõ³Í Ýϳñ³Ñ³ÝáõÙáí£ Ú³Ïáµ»³Ý ß³µ³Ãûñ»³ÛÇë Ù»Í å³ïÇõ µ»ñáÕ µ³ñÓñ ïå³õáñáõû³Ùµ Ññ³Å»ßï ïáõ³õ »õ ³é³õ»É Û³çáÕáõÃÇõÝ Ù³Õûó Û³é³çÇÏ³Û ï³ñÇÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ£ ÜáÛÝ ûñÁ, ³½·³ÛÇÝ Ù»ñ ³Ù¿Ý¿Ý ÛÇß³ï³Ï»ÉÇ Ù¿Ï ïûÝǪ ì³ñ¹³Ý³ÝóÇ Ñ³Ý¹ÇëáõÃÇõÝÝ ³É Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ»ó³õª Û»ïÙÇçûñ¿Ç ųÙÁ 12£30-ÇÝ, 4-ñ¹ »õ 5-ñ¹ ϳñ·»ñáõ ³ß³Ï»ñïáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿: ê. ºññáñ¹áõÃÇõÝ ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ §Ø³Ï³ñáë ²ñÃÇÝ»³Ý¦ ëñ³ÑÇÝ Ù¿ç á·»Ïáãáõ»ó³õ 451 سÛÇë 26-Ç Ý³Ñ³ï³Ï Ù»ñ Ñ»ñáëÝ»ñáõ ³ÝÙ³Ñ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÁ, í»ñ³ÑëÏáÕáõû³Ùµª Þ³ù¿ ê»Ù»ñ×»³ÝÇÝ »õ سñdz ²å¿×»³ÝÇÝ£ 4-ñ¹ ϳñ·Á Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó ¹¿åùÇÝ å³ïٳϳÝÁ, ³Ýѳï³Ï³Ý Ñ»ñóϳÝáõû³Ùµ£ ÀÝûñó³Ýáõû³Ý ÙÇçáóÇÝ Ñ»ñáëÝ»ñáõ ï³ñ³½Ý»ñáí µ»Ù »Ï³Ý 5-ñ¹ ϳñ·¿Ý ËáõÙµ ÙÁ ³ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñ, ³é³õ»É å³ïÏ»ñ³õáñ»Éáõ ѳٳñ Ï»ñå³ñÝ»ñáõ ÇÝùÝáõÃÇõÝÁ, ³å³ ¹³ßݳÏÇ Ýáõ³·³Ïóáõû³Ùµ ê³ñÇÝ Þ¿ÙÇÉ»³Ý Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó ì³ñ¹³Ý³ÝóÇ ÝáõÇñáõ³Í Ïïáñ ÙÁ£ 5-ñ¹ ϳñ·Á Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó §Ð³Ûñ áõ àñ¹Ç¦ ³ñï³ë³ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ áõ §Ø»Ýù ø³ç ì³ñ¹³ÝÇ ¼³õ³ÏÝ»ñÝ ºÝù¦ »ñ·Á£ гݹ¿ëÁ ÷³Ïáõ»ó³õ ѳٳ¹åñáó³Ï³Ý »ñ·»ñáõ Ý»ñϳ۳óٳٵ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ µáÕµáç »õ ÏáÏáÝ ¹³ë³ñ³ÝÇ Ù³ÝáõÏÝ»ñáõ ì³ñ¹³ÝÇ ÝáõÇñáõ³Í »ñ·Ç ϳï³ñٳٵ£ ²ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñÁ ëñ³Ñ¿Ý Ù»ÏÝ»ó³Ý ì³ñ¹³Ý³ÝóÇ ßáõÝãáí ïá·áñáõ³Í£

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

Ð.´.À.Ø. ¼³ñáõÏ»³Ý ì³ñųñ³Ý

§Ð³Û³å³Ñå³ÝÙ³Ý ³Ù»Ý³Ï³ñ»õáñ ÙÇçáóÝ ¿ Ù³Ûñ»ÝÇ É»½áõÝ, ³å³ Ùß³ÏáÛÃÁ¦ ÐÐ. ê÷ÇõéùÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñª Ð. Ú³Ïáµ»³Ý

UNESCO6i oro,mamp 2009 ;ovaganu 3a3dararova/ e Wigdor Hampar2ovmyani yv Oviliam Saro3yani dari1 A3t a-;iv H7P7U7M7 Zarovgyan War=arani $6rt tasarani a,agyrdov;ivnu nyrga3axovx anmah cidna6 ganin gynsacrov;ivnu yv cidagan cor/ovneov;ivnu1 Oviliam Saro3yanu ir =amanagagixnyrov gar/ikow un;yrxovyxav5 isg Ha3n ov Ha3u pymagan ardasanov6 ;yamp yv an;yri gadaro.aganov;yamp nyrga3axovxin hantisadysin no3n tasarani a,agyrdov;ivnu1 H7P7U7Miov;yan Zarovgyan War=arani ovrpa;0rya3 naqaja,in hivrungal sy.anu gu hantisana3 /no.knyrov hantibman5 myr2yxman in[ov [e nayv a,agyrdagan gogig yv hagirj cy.arovysdagan 3a3dacryrov gadarman a-i;1 A,agyrdov;ivnu irynx Ma3ryni Lyzovi ovsovx[ovhi Gadarine Mene,yani .ygawarov;yamp5 ovrpa;0rya3 Ma3ryni Lyzovi anagngalnyrow gu nyrga3ana3 /no.nyrovn1 Mard amsov Mi]inku n,ovyxav orbes azca3in tasdiaragov;ivn1 A,agyrdnyru sorwyxan avanto3;6 nyrov ngadmamp hoca/ov;ivn yv ov,atrov;ivn1 Tbroxis ?no.ax #an2naqovmpu gazmagyrba/ e Ha3gagan Bahki ja,yrov waja-k5 i nbasd war=aranis niv;agan 0cnov;yan1 Carnana3in ar2agovrtin 3an2nararova/ er badrasdyl Ha3 Craganov;yan asd.yrov po3l` Raffi5 Taniel Warov=an5 #owhannes :ovmanyan5 Silwa Gabovdigyan5 Sarmen5 #owhannes <iraz5 Oviliam Saro3yan5 Yrovant )dyan5 Mov,y. I,qan5 Cricor Zohrab yv +ac #agopyan5 irynx cragan sdy./acor6 /ov;ivnnyrov masin hagirj a,qadank5 orn g\untcrge nayv gynsacragan dy.ygov;ivnnyr yv ngarnyr1 Artaryv lyzovamda/o.ov;yan hagasagan trov;ivn gro. a,agyrdnyru5 zarmanali0ren hancavor q0ski ovsovxmamp gadaryal gyrbow g\ivraxnyn yv gu nyrga3axnyn Ma3ryni Lyzovn1

ÐúØ-Ç ²Ù¿Ýûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³ÝÇ Þñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñáõ ²ÝݳËÁÝóó гõ³ùáÛÃÁ (30-²Ù»³ÏÇ ²éÇÃáí)

ܳóÉÇ Ø³ùɳáõï 30 ï³ñÇÝ»ñ... ÚáõÝÇë ³Ùëáõ³Ý í»ñç»ñÁª ÐúØ-Ç ²Ù¿Ýûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³ÝÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó³Í ¿ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñáõª ·Çï³ÏÇó« Ñå³ñï áõ »é³Ý¹áõÝ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹³Ï³Ý ë»ñáõݹݻñ: ²½·³ÛÇÝ ¹³ëïdzñ³Ïáõû³Ùµ å³ïñ³ëïáõ³Í »õ ѳÛáó å³ïÙáõû³Ùµ áõ Ñ³Û ùñÇëïáÝ»³Û ѳõ³ïùáí ½ÇÝáõ³Íª ѳñÇõñ³õáñ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñ Ù»ÏÝ³Í »Ý í³ñųñ³Ý¿Ý Ýáñ³Ýáñ Û³çáÕáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ïÇñ³Ý³Éáõ: ÐúØ-Ç ²Ù¿Ýûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³ÝÇ 30-³Ù»³ÏÇ ³éÇÃáíª ¹åñáóÇ ÎñÃ³Ï³Ý Ø³ñÙÇÝÁ Ññ³õÇñ³Í ¿ñ µáÉáñ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñÁ Ùdzëݳµ³ñ ïûÝ»Éáõ ÿ° Çñ»Ýó ¹åñáóÇÝ 30-ñ¹ ï³ñ»¹³ñÓÁ »õ ÿ° Çõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÇÝ Û³çáÕáõÃÇõÝÁ£ ö»ïñáõ³ñ 7« 2009-Ç »ñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ³Û¹ ³ÝݳËÁÝóó Ó»éݳñÏÁ ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³õ Ð³Û ºñÇï³ë³ñ¹³Ï³Ý λ¹ñáÝÇÝ Ù¿çª Ùûï³õáñ³å¿ë 250 ³õ³ñï³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõ Ý»ñϳÛáõû³Ùµ£ г½Çõ ѳٳÉÇñÇ ¹éÝ»ñ¿Ý Ý»ñë Ùï³Íª 2008-Ç ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñ¿Ý »ñÏáõ ³ÝÓ»ñ ¹ÇÙ³õáñ»óÇÝ Ýáñ³Ñ³ë »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñÁ »õ Çñ»Ýó ÏáõñÍù»ñáõÝ ½»ï»Õ»óÇÝ Ýß³Ý³Ï ÙÁ« áñ ÏÁ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ¿ñ Çõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñ ³ÝÓÇÝ ³Ý¹³Ù³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ ÐúØ-Ç ²Ù¿Ýûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ£ ¶³õÇÃÁ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÝ»ñáí É»óáõ³Í ¿ñ »õ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñáõÝ áõñ³ËáõÃÇõÝÁ µ³ó³Û³Ûï ¿ñ£ ²é³ëï³Õ¿Ý ϳËáõ³Í å³ëï³éÇ ÙÁ íñ³Û Çõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñ ¹³ë³ñ³Ý¿Ý ËÙµ³Ï³Ý ÝϳñÝ»ñáõ ï»ë³»ñǽ ÙÁ óáõó³¹ñáõ»ó³õ£ ºñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñÁ ѳ×áÛùáí ¹Çï»óÇÝ ³Û¹ ³ÝÙáé³Ý³ÉÇ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÝ»ñÁ »õ ٻͳٳëÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ïñ³Ù³¹ñáõ»ó³õ Çñ»Ýó Ù³Ýϳå³ñ�ǫ ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ Ï³Ù »ñÏñáñ¹³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÇ Ñ»ï³ùñùñ³Ï³Ý å³ï³Ñ³ñÝ»ñÝ áõ ¹¿åù»ñÁ å³ïÙ»Éáõ£ ²Ýó»³ÉÇ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÝ»ñáõÝ ÏáÕùÇݪ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñÁ Ýáñ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÝ»ñ ³õ»ÉóáõóÇÝ Çñ»Ýó ѳõ³ù³ÍáÛÇÝ Ñ³õ³ùáÛÃÇ ÁÝóóùÇÝ£ Þñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñÁ ³éÇÃÁ áõÝ»ó³Ý Çñ»Ýó ¹³ëÁÝÏ»ñÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ»ï Ýϳñáõ»Éáõ »õ ѳõ³ù³Ï³Ý å³ëï³é ÙÁ ëïáñ³·ñ»Éáõ£ ß³ñ ï»ë ¿çª 28

5

ÐúØ-Ç ì³ñųñ³ÝÇ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñ


6

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

ÂàðàÜÂàÐ²Ú Îº²Üø

¶³Ý³ï³Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕÝ»ñáõ ³é³çÇÝ ËáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÁ 8 سñï 2009-ÇÝ, ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³õ ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕÝ»ñáõ ³é³çÇÝ ËáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÁ §ÐáÉÇï¿Û Çݦ å³Ý¹áÏÇÝ Ù¿ç, øÇÝÏëÃÁÝ: ÊáñÑÁñ¹³ÅáÕáíÁ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõ³Í ¿ñ, §²ñÙ¿Ý ¶³ñû¦ áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõ-û³Ý (²¶àØ) ÏáÕÙ¿: Ðñ³õÇñáõ³Í ¿ÇÝ 11 Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñª ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ ï³ñµ»ñ ßñç³ÝÝ»ñ¿Ý£ ø»å¿ùÇ Ý³Ñ³Ý·¿Ý Çñ»Ýó Ù³ëݳÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ µ»ñÇÝ Concordia-Ç, McGill-Ç, Universite de Montreal-Ç »õ ½³Ý³½³Ý CEGEPÝ»ñáõ Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ, ÇëÏ úÝóñÇáÛ Ý³Ñ³Ý·¿Ýª Waterloo-Ç, York-Ç, McMaster-Ç, Ryerson-Ç, University of Toronto-Ç, University of Toronto Scarborough-Ç »õ úÃóáõ³ÛÇ Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ£ ´³óÙ³Ý ËûëùÁ ϳï³ñ»ó §²ñÙ¿Ý ¶³ñû¦ áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõû³Ý ³ï»Ý³å»ï ¶¿áñ· ¶³½³Ý×»³Ý, áñ Ýß»ó. §²Ûë ËáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÁ åÇïÇ ùÝÝ¿ Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕÇÝ ³éç»õ ͳé³ó³Í µáÉáñ Ù³ñï³Ññ³õ¿ñÝ»ñÁ »õ ѳٳå³ï³ëË³Ý ÉáõÍáõÙÝ»ñ ·ïÝ¿ ³ÝáÝó áñå¿ë½Ç Ùdzëݳµ³ñ ϳñ»Ý³Ýù å³Ûù³ñÇÉ ÓáõÉáõÙÇÝ ¹¿Ù »õ ë³ï³ñ»É Ñ³Û Ùß³ÏáÛÃÇ, Ð³Û ¹³ïÇ ³ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñáõݦ£ ÊáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÇÝ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ»ó³Ý »ñÏáõ ¹³ë³ËûëáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ£ ²é³çÇÝÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó Ð³Û ¸³ïÇ úÃóáõ³ÛÇ ·ñ³ë»Ý»³ÏÇ ïÝûñ¿Ýª ²ñÇë ä³åÇÏ»³Ý, áñ ½»Ïáõó»ó ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ Ù¿ç Ãñù³Ï³Ý ÉáååÇÇ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ý Ù³ëÇÝ »õ Ç Ù³ëݳõáñÇ Ñ³Ù³Éë³ñ³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ³ÝáÝó ï³ñ³Í ³ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñáõÝ Ù³ëÇÝ£ ²Ý ½»Ïáõó»ó ݳ»õ Ð³Û ¹³ïÇ ·ñ³ë»Ý»³ÏÇ ³ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñáõÝ Ù³ëÇÝ: ºñÏñáñ¹ ¹³ë³ËûëáõÃÇõÝÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó ÐÚ¸ ´ÇõñáÛÇ ³Ý¹³Ù Ú³Ïáµ î¿ñ ʳã³ïáõñ»³Ýª ÝÇõà áõݻݳÉáí Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕÇÝ ¹»ñÁ ѳ۳å³Ñå³ÝÙ³Ý »õ Ð³Û ¹³ïÇ å³Ûù³ñÇÝ Ù¿ç£ Ê³ã³ïáõñ»³Ý Çñ áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ï³ñÇÝ»ñáõ ÷áñÓ³éáõû³Ùµ í³é ûñÇÝ³Ï ¿ñ Ý»ñϳݻñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ£ ²Ý ѳٳÉë³ñ³Ý³Ï³Ý Çñ ûñ»ñáõÝ »Õ³Í ¿ Ð³Û áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõû³Ý ݳ˳·³Ñ »õ 70-³Ï³Ý Ãáõ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ý³Ë³·³ÑÝ áõ ÑÇÙݳ¹ÇñÁ »Õ³Í ¿ International Ethnic Associations Council-Ç, »õ ÷áË-ݳ˳·³Ñª ѳٳÉë³ñ³ÝÇ áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõû³Ý£ Ú. î¿ñ ʳã³ïáõñ»³Ý Ù³Ýñ³Ù³ëÝ Ó»õáí Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó ݳ»õ Ð³Û ¸³ïÇ ·ñ³ë»Ý»³ÏÝ»ñáõ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ý ¹³ßï»ñÝ áõ ³ß˳ï³ÝùÇ Ó»õ»ñÁ£ ²Ý ï»Õ»ÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ÷á˳Ýó»ó ݳ»õ ²ñó³ËÇ, æ³õ³ËùÇ, г۳ëï³ÝÇ »õ ê÷ÇõéùÇ ¹Åáõ³ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ »õ Ù³ñï³Ññ³õ¿ñÝ»ñáõÝ

¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕÝ»ñáõ ³é³çÇÝ ËáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÁ Holiday Inn-Ç Ù¿ç, 8 Ù³ñï 2009, øÇÝÏëÃÁÝ:

Ù³ëÇÝ£ ÊáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÇÝ »ñÏñáñ¹ µ³ÅÇÝáí »ÉáÛà áõÝ»ó³Ý Ù³ëݳÏÇó ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ, áñáÝù Ëûë»ó³Ý Çñ»Ýó ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ý »õ ѳٳÉë³ñ³ÝÇ Ù¿ç ¹ÇÙ³·ñ³õ³Í ¹Åáõ³ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ù³ëÇÝ£ ²ÝáÝù Çñ»Ýó ÷áñÓ³éáõÃÇõÝÁ µ³ÅÝ»óÇÝ »õ ͳÝûóó³Ý ï³ñµ»ñ ·áñͻɳá×»ñáõ, áñáÝù ݳѳݷ¿ ݳѳݷ ÏÁ ï³ñµ»ñÇݪ ѳٳӳÛÝ å³ÛÙ³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ »õ ѳٳÉë³ñ³ÝÇÝ ÁÝÓ»é³Í ¹ÇõñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ£ àõë³ÝáÕÝ»ñÁ ÷áñÓ»óÇÝ ÉáõÍáõÙÝ»ñ ³é³ç³ñÏ»É Çñ»Ýó ³éç»õ Ï³Ý·Ý³Í Ù³ñï³Ññ³õ¿ñÝ»ñáõÝ: ´áÉáñÁ Û³ïϳå¿ë Ùï³Ñá· ¿ÇÝ ûñ¿ ûñ Ýáõ³½áÕ Ñ³Û áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ³Ý¹³ÙÝ»ñáõ ÃÇõáí£ ÊáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÁ ÷³Ïáõ»ó³õ ²¶àØ-Ç »½ñ³÷³ÏÇã Ëûëùáí »õ г۳ëï³ÝÇ ù³ÛÉ»ñ·áí£

ÜáõñÑ³Ý ²ñÙ³ÝÇ í»ñçÇÝ Ëï³ë³ÉÇÏÁ JUNO-2009-Ç Ùñó³Ý³Ï³ÏÇñ Ðáí³Ý³õáñáõû³Ùµ ¶³Ý³ï³Ñ³Ûáó ²é³çÝáñ¹ ¶»ñß. î¿ñ ´³·ñ³ï ºåÇëÏáåáë ¶³Éëï³Ý»³ÝÇ ï»ÕÇ åÇïÇ áõݻݳÛ

ºÉáÛà ÏþáõÝ»Ý³Ý ØáÝÃñ¿³ÉÇ ê. ¶ñÇ·áñ Èáõë³õáñÇã гÛó. سÛñ ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ

ÊÙµ³í³ñª ÜáõñÑ³Ý ²ñÙ³Ý

Ú. ¸»ñӳϻ³Ý ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ »ñ³Åßï³Ï³Ý 38-ñ¹ JUNO-Ç Ùñó³Ý³Ï³µ³ßËáõÙÁ ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³õ 26-29 سñïÇÝ, ì³Ý·áõíÁñ ù³Õ³ùÇ (äñÇÃÇß ¶áÉáÙådz) General Motors ß¿ÝùÇ ëñ³ÑÇÝ Ù¿ç£ Øñó³Ý³Ï³µ³ßËáõû³Ý ѳݹÇëáõÃÇõÝÁ سñï 29-Ç »ñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ϻݹ³ÝÇ Ñ³Õáñ¹áõÙáí ë÷éáõ»ó³õ CTV Ñ»é³ï»ëÇÉÇ Ï³Û³ÝÇÝ ÏáÕÙ¿ª µáí³Ý¹³Ï ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ ï³ñ³ÍùÇÝ£ §î³ñáõ³Ý ɳõ³·áÛÝ ¹³ë³Ï³Ý »ñ³Åßïáõû³Ý ÛûñÇÝáõÙÝ»ñáõ¦ (Best Classical Composition of the Year) ¹³ë³õáñÙ³Ý Ù¿ç, ÁÝïñáõ³Í ÑÇÝ· ûÏݳÍáõÝ»ñ¿Ý ѳÝñ³Í³Ýûà ËÙµ³í³ñª ݳËÏÇÝ åáÉë³Ñ³Û ÜáõñÑ³Ý ²ñÙ³ÝÇ §êÇÝýáÝdz ÂáñáÝÃû¦ ë»Ý»Ï³ÛÇÝ Ýáõ³·³ËáõÙµÇ §Flanders Fields Reflections¦ ³ÝáõÝ Ëï³ë³ÉÇÏÁ §JUNO - 2009¦Ç ³é³çÝáõû³Ý Ùñó³Ý³ÏÇÝ ³ñųݳó³õ£ §Flanders Fields¦Á ². ²ß˳ñѳٳñïÇ ÁÝóóùÇÝ Ý³Ñ³ï³Ïáõ³Í 411 ½ÇÝáõáñÝ»ñáõ ѳٳñ ϳéáõóáõ³Í ³Ù»ñÇϳóÇÝ»ñáõ å³ïϳÝáÕ ·»ñ»½Ù³Ý ÙÁÝ ¿, áñ Ý»ñϳÛÇë ÏÁ ·ïÝáõÇ ä»É×Çù³ÛÇ- ì³ ñÁÏ¿Ù ù³Õ³ùÁ£ ¶³Ý³ï³óÇ Ñ³Ýñ³Í³Ýûà µ³Ý³ëï»Õͪ îáùÃ. ÄáÝ ØÁù øñ¿ÛÇ 1915Ç áÕµ»ñ·áõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ÁÝóóùÇÝ Ý³Ñ³ï³Ïáõ³Í ½ÇÝáõáñÝ»ñáõ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÁ ³ñï³óáɳóÝáÕ §In Fla nders Field¦ ù»ñÃáõ³ÍÇÝ íñ³Û ¿ áñ, ³Ûë Ëï³ë³ÉÇÏÇÝ »ñ³ÅßïáõÃÇõÝÁ ·»Õ»óÏûñ¿Ý ÛûñÇÝáõ³Í ¿, ¹³ñÓ»³É ·³Ý³ï³óÇ »ñ·³Ñ³Ýª ÄáÝ äáõñÅÇ ÏáÕÙ¿£

ÎáÙÇï³ë ºñ·ã³ËáõÙµÁ »õ ¶³éÝÇ ä³ñ³ËáõÙµÁ

îûݳËÙµ»Éáõ г۳ëï³Ý»³Ûó ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ Ð³ñëïáõû³Ý »õ øñÇëïáÝ»³Û ²½·ÇÝ ÌÝáõݹÁ ÜáõÇñáõ³Í ÐÇõëÇë³ÛÇÝ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ 110-ñ¹ »õ ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ ²é³çÝáñ¹áõû³Ý 25-ñ¹ ï³ñ»¹³ñÓÝ»ñáõÝ Ü³Ë³Ó»éÝáõû³Ùµ »õ سëݳÏóáõû³Ùµ`

ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ ê. ºññáñ¹áõÃÇõÝ Ð³Ûó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ (416-431-3001) ØÇëÇëáϳÛÇ ê. ì³ñ¹³Ý гÛó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ (905-549-2711) гÙÇÉÃÁÝÇ ê. سñdz٠гÛó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ (905-549-2711) ê¿Ýà ¶³ÃñÇÝ½Ç ê. ¶ñÇ·áñ Èáõë³õáñÇã гÛó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ (905-685-8701) àõÇÝïëáñÇ ê. Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ Ð³Ûó. ²é³ù. ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ (905-549-2711) γ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõû³Ùµ` CAAPA-Ç

Þ³µ³Ã, 27 ÚáõÝÇë, 2009, »ñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ųÙÁ 7:30-ÇÝ The Global Kingdom Ministry ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ ëñ³ÑÇÝ Ù¿ç 1250 Markham Road, Toronto.

îáÙë»ñáõ ѳٳñ ѳ׻ó¿ù Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»É í»ñáÛÇß»³É »Ï»Õ»óÇÝ»ñáõ ·ñ³ë»Ý»³ÏÝ»ñÁ:

â³÷³Ñ³ëÝ»ñ $35

àõë³ÝáÕÝ»ñ $25


вÚÎ²Î²Ü òºÔ²êä²ÜàôÂÆôÜ

²ùã³Ù. §úå³Ù³ Ãáõñù»ñÝ áõ ѳۻñÁ ³½³ï»Éáõ ѳٳñ å¿ïù ¿ ׳ÝãÝ³Û Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ¦

Âáõñù ó»Õ³ëå³Ý³·¿ï ³ݿñ ²ùã³Ù

Âáõñù ó»Õ³ëå³Ý³·¿ï ³ݻñ ²ùã³Ù Clark ѳٳÉë³ñ³ÝÇÝ Ù¿ç 19 Ù³ñïÇÝ §ä³ïÙáõÃÇõÝÁ ¹Çٳϳۻɪ Ñ»ñùáõÙ »õ Ãñù³Ï³Ý ³½·³ÛÇÝ ³å³Ñáíáõû³Ý ·³Õ³÷³ñÁ¦ ÝÇõÃáí ¹³ë³ËûëáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ ïáõ³Í ¿£ Êûë»Éáí øáÝÏñ»ëÇ »õ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ݳËÏÇÝ Ý³Ë³·³ÑÝ»ñáõÝ ÏáÕÙ¿ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ׳ÝãݳÉáõ ¹ÅϳÙáõû³Ý Ù³ëÇݪ ³Ý Áë³Í ¿, áñ §ß³ñáõݳÏáõáÕ Ã³ï»ñ³Ë³Õ ÙÁ (ûñ»õë §»ñ·ÇÍ³Ï³Ý Ã³ï»ñ³Ë³Õ¦Á ³õ»ÉÇ ×Çß¹ »½ñ ¿) ·áÛáõÃÇõÝ áõÝÇ, áñ µáÉáñ ÏáÕÙ»ñÁ ³Ù¿Ý ï³ñÇ ÏÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ»Ý,

»õ ëÏë³Í ¿ ³ñ¹¿Ý ÇëÏ Í»ñ³Ý³É£ ijٳݳÏÁ ѳë³Í ¿ ³Ûë ³ÙûóÉÇ ¹»ñ³ë³Ýáõû³Ý í»ñç ï³Éáõ¦£ ²Ý µ³ó³ïñ³Í ¿, áñ ³Ù¿Ý ³Ý·³Ù áñ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ݳ˳·³Ñ ÙÁ ϳ٠øáÝÏñ»ëÁ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ѳñóÁ ë»Õ³ÝÇ íñ³Û ÏÁ ¹Ý»Ý, §³ÝáÝù Ù¿Ï ûñáõ³Ý ѳٳñ ÏÁ Ñ»ñù»Ý ³ÛÝ, áñáõÝ ï³ñáõ³Ý 364 ûñáõ³Ý ÁÝóóùÇÝ Ñ³õ³ïù ÁÝÍ³Û³Í »Ý¦£ ²ùã³Ù Áë³Í ¿, áñ §³éÝã³ÏÇó µáÉáñ ÏáÕÙ»ñÁ ß³ï ɳõ ·Çï»Ý, ÿ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ í³ñã³Ï³½ÙÁ »õ øáÝÏñ»ëÁ 1915-ÇÝ ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³ÍÇÝ Ù³ëÇÝ Ç°Ýã ÏÁ Ùï³Í»Ý£ ê³Ï³ÛÝ Âáõñùdz í»ñçÇÝÝ»ñ¿ë ÏÁ Ëݹñ¿ Ù¿Ï ûñáõ³Ý ѳٳñ ëáõï ËûëÇÉ£ ºñµ»ù ã»Ù ѳëÏó³Í, ÿ Ãñù³Ï³Ý ϳé³í³ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ÇÝãá°õ ³Ûëù³Ý áõñ³ËáõÃÇõÝ ÏÁ ½·³Û Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñÁ Ù¿Ï ûñáõ³Ý ѳٳñ ëáõï Ëûë»Éáõ ÙÕ»Éáí£ ºë ½³ÛÝ Ý³»õ ³Ýå³ïÇõ ÏÁ ·ïݻ٣ ²Ûë ëáõïÁ áã ÙdzÛÝ ÉáõÍáõÙÇ ÙÁ ãþ³é³çÝáñ¹»ñ, ³ÛÉ Ý³»õ ³ÝÇϳ ³ÝѳñÏÇ Ï»ñåáí ùÝݳñÏáõÙÁ ÏÁ µ³Ýï³ñÏ¿¦£ ²Ý ݳ»õ Û³ÛïÝ³Í ¿, áñ §»Ã¿ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñ Çñ»Ýó ѳõ³ï³ó³Í ×ßÙ³ñïáõÃÇõÝÁ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»Ý »õ ³Ýáñ »ïÇÝ Ï³Ý·ÝÇݦ, ³Û¹ Ù¿ÏÁ ÁÝ»Éáí áã ÙdzÛÝ §Çñ»Ýù ½Çñ»Ýù Û³ñ·³Í åÇïÇ ÁÉɳÝ, ³ÛÉ Ý³»õ ³Û¹ ÁÝóóùÇÝ Ãáõñù»ñÁ, ѳۻñÁ »õ Çñ»Ýù ½Çñ»Ýù åÇïÇ ³½³ï»Ý¦£ ²ùã³Ù Çñ ¹³ë³ËûëáõÃÇõÝÁ ³õ³ñï³Í ¿ úå³Ù³ÛÇÝ Ïáã áõÕÕ»Éáí ׳ÝãݳÉáõ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ£ §ºÃ¿ ݳ˳·³Ñ úå³Ù³ í»ñç ¹Ý¿ ³Ûë ß³ñáõݳÏáõáÕ Ñ³ñóÇÝ »õ ³Û¹ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý å³ßïûÝ³Ï³Ý ×³Ý³ãٳٵ µáÉáñÁ ³½³ï¿, ÏÁ ѳõ³ï³Ù, áñ Ýáñ ųٳݳϳßñç³Ý ÙÁ Ùáõïù åÇïÇ ·áñÍ»Ýù, áõñ µ³ñá۳ϳÝáõÃÇõÝÝ áõ 鿳É÷áÉÇÃÇùÁ ½Çñ³ñ µ³ó³éáÕ åÇïÇ ãÁÉɳݦ£

Ð.ú.Ø.-Ç ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ §èáõµÇݳ¦ سëݳ×ÇõÕÇ

îàÐØÆÎ úð ÜáõÇñáõ³Í

§Ð³Ûáõû³Ý Ï»ñå³ëÇ ³Ù»Ý¿Ý áëÏ»Ñáõñ ÏïáñÇÝ...¦

λë³ñÇáÛ ßñç³ÝÇÝ

Þ³µ³Ã 20 ÚáõÝÇë 2009 Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ ëñ³Ñ¿Ý Ý»ñë

´áÉáñ ³ÛÝ Ñ³Ûñ»Ý³ÏÇóÝ»ñÁ áñáÝó ųé³Ý·³Ï³Ý ß³é³õÇÕÁ λë³ñÇáÛ ßñç³Ý¿Ý ÏÁ µËÇ Ñ³×ÇÝ ÙÇÝã»õ ²åñÇÉ 15 Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»É ²ñßû ¼³ù³ñ»³ÝÇÝ 416-298-1675 ϳ٠¼»÷Çõé îáñݳ-ÇÝ 905-886-7575 Çñ»Ýó ³ÝáõÝÝ»ñÁ ³ñӳݳ·ñ»Éáõ Û³ïáõÏ ·ñùáÛÏÇÝ Ù¿ç: λë³ñÇáÛ ßñç³ÝÁ ÏÁ å³ñ÷³Ï¿ Ñ»ï»õ»³É ù³Õ³ùÝ»ñÝ áõ ·ÇõÕ³ù³Õ³ùÝ»ñÁª

³ɳë, ¾í¿ñ¿Ï-ý¿Ý¿ë¿, ÂáÙ³ñ½³,

ê. γñ³å»ï ì³Ýù »õ ßñç³Ï³Û ·ÇõÕ³ù³Õ³ùÝ áõ ·ÇõÕ»ñÁ, ݳ»õ ºá½Õ³Ã:

ä³ïñ³ëïáõ»ó¿ù Ùdzëݳµ³ñ ïûݳËÙµáõ»Éáõ îáÑÙÇÏ ³Ûë Ëñ³Ë׳ÝùÇÝ

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

7

гñ³õ. ²õëïñ³ÉÇáÛ úñ¿Ýë¹Çñ ÊáñÑáõñ¹Á ׳Ýãó³õ гÛÏ. ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ гñ³õ³ÛÇÝ ²õëïñ³ÉÇáÛ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ ûñ¿ÝÁë¹Çñ ËáñÑáõñ¹Á áñ¹»·ñ»ó гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ׳ÝãóáÕ µ³Ý³Ó»õ ÙÁ, áñ ½³ÛÝ ÏÁ ÝÏ³ï¿ §Ù³ñ¹Ïáõû³Ý ¹¿Ù ٻͳ·áÛÝ á×ÇñÝ»ñ¿Ý Ù¿ÏÁ¦£ ´³Ý³Ó»õÁ, áñ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ³Í ¿ñ ûñ¿Ýë¹Çñ ËáñÑáõñ¹ÇÝ Ù¿ç ³½³ï³Ï³Ý Áݹ¹ÇÙáõû³Ý ջϳí³ñ î¿ÛíÇï èÇ×áõ¿ÛÇ ÏáÕÙ¿, »ñÏñáñ¹áõ»ó³õ ûñ¿Ýë¹Çñ ËáñÑáõñ¹ÇÝ Ù¿ç ÇßËáÕ ²ß˳ï³õáñ³Ï³Ý Ïáõë³Ïóáõû³Ý ³Ý¹³Ù ä»éݳñï üÇÝÇÏÁÝÇ ÏáÕÙ¿ »õ áñ¹»·ñáõ»ó³õ ³é³Ýó Áݹ¹ÇÙáõû³Ý£ ´³Ý³Ó»õÁ ÏÁ ѳëï³ï¿ª 1) ²õëïñ³ÉÇáÛ Ñ³Û Ñ³Ù³ÛÝùÇÝ ÏÁ Ùdzݳ۪ Û³ñ·³ÝùÇ ïáõñù Ù³ïáõó»Éáõ ѳٳñ ³Ûë ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ½áÑ ¹³ñÓ³Í ³ÝÙ»Õ Ù³ñ¹áó, ÏÇÝ»ñáõÝ »õ Ù³ÝáõÏÝ»ñáõÝ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÇÝ£ 2) ÎÁ ¹³ï³å³ñï¿ Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ »õ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý µáÉáñ ³ñ³ñùÝ»ñÁª ǵñ»õ ó»Õ³ÛÇÝ, ÏñûÝ³Ï³Ý »õ Ùß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ ³ÝѳݹáõñÅáÕáõû³Ý ·»ñ³·áÛÝ ³ñ³ñù£ 3) ÎÁ ׳ÝãÝ³Û Ï³ñ»õáñáõÃÇõÝÁ ÛÇß»Éáõ »õ Ù³ñ¹Ïáõû³Ý å³ïÙáõû³Ý ³ÛëåÇëÇ Ë³õ³ñ ¿ç»ñ¿Ý ëáñí»Éáõª »ñ³ß˳õáñ»Éáõ ѳٳñ, áñ Ù³ñ¹Ïáõû³Ý ¹¿Ù ³ÛëåÇëÇ á×ÇñÝ»ñáõ ÏñÏÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ãþ³ñïûÝáõÇñ£ 4) ÎÁ ׳ÝãÝ³Û Ñ³ñ³õ³ÛÇÝ ²õëïñ³ÉÇáÛ ÅáÕáíáõñ¹ÇÝ Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ½áÑ»ñáõÝ »õ ³ÝÏ¿ í»ñ³åñáÕÝ»ñáõÝ Ï³ï³ñ³Í Ýϳï³é»ÉÇ Ù³ñ¹³ëÇñ³Ï³Ý ûųݹ³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ, »õ 5) λ¹ñáÝ³Ï³Ý Ï³é³í³ñáõû³Ý Ïáã ÏþáõÕÕ¿ å³ßïûݳå¿ë ¹³ï³å³ñï»Éáõ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ£


8

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

вÚÎ²Î²Ü òºÔ²êä²ÜàôÂÆôÜ

гÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý Ýáñ µ³Ý³Ó»õÁ øáÝÏñ¿ëÇ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ»ó³õ ÐÚ¸ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ð³Û ¸³ïÇ ·ñ³ë»Ý»³ÏÁ ÏÁ ï»Õ»Ï³óÝ¿, áñ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ øáÝÏñ»ëÇ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñáõ ï³Ý Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ³Í ¿ 1915-ÇÝ úëٳݻ³Ý ϳÛëñáõû³Ý Ù¿ç ѳۻñáõ ¹¿Ù ϳï³ñáõ³Í á×ÇñÁ ǵñ»õ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝ ×³ÝãݳÉáõ í»ñ³µ»ñ»³É Ýáñ µ³Ý³Ó»õ ÙÁ£ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñáõ ï³Ý 70 ³Ý¹³ÙÝ»ñáõ ³ç³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ í³Û»ÉáÕ µ³Ý³Ó»õÇÝ Ñ³Ù³Ñ»ÕÇݳÏÝ»ñÝ »Ý ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ ¾ïÁÙ ÞÇý, üñ»Ýù ö³ÉáÝ, Öáñ× è³ï³ÝáíÇã »õ سñù øÁñù£ Üáñª ÃÇõ 252 µ³Ý³Ó»õÇÝ Ù¿ç, áñ ·ñ»Ã¿ ãÇ ï³ñµ»ñÇñ ݳËáñ¹ª ÃÇõ 106-ñ¹ µ³Ý³Ó»õ¿Ý, Ïáã ÏþáõÕÕáõÇ §1915-Ç Çñ³¹³ñÓáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ǵñ»õ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝ ×³ÝãݳÉáõ¦, §Ø¿ÏáõÏ¿ë ÙÇÉÇáÝ Ñ³Û»ñ ϳÝ˳Ùï³Íáõ³Í Ï»ñåáí ëå³ÝÝáõ³Í »Ý 20-ñ¹ ¹³ñáõ ³é³çÇÝ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ÁÝóóùÇÝ£ ºÃ¿ Ù»Ýù ÙÁï³¹Çñ »Ýù í»ñç ¹Ý»É î³ñýáõñÇ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý »õ ϳÝË»É ³å³·³Û ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ, ³å³ å¿ïù ¿ ¹³ï³å³ñï»Ýù Ù³ñ¹Ïáõû³Ý ¹¿Ù ³Û¹ Û³Ýó³·áñÍáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ, á°õñ »õ »°ñµ ³É ³ÝáÝù ϳï³ñáõ³Í ÁÉɳݣ ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ÅËïáõÙÇÝ Ñ³Ù³Ù³ëݳÏÇó ÁÉɳÉÁ ÏÁ Ñ³Ï³ë¿ »õ ÙÇßï ³É åÇïÇ Ñ³Ï³ë¿ ³½·³ÛÇÝ ß³Ñ»ñáõÝ£ ø³ÝÇ ï³Ï³õÇÝ áÕç »Ý ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃ»Ý¿Ý í»ñ³åñ³Í ÝáÛÝÇëÏ ù³ÝÇ ÙÁ ѳۻñ, Ù»Ýù µ³ñáÛ³Ï³Ý å³ñï³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ áõÝÇÝù ³Ýó»³ÉÁ ÛÇß»Éáõ¦, Áë³Í ¿ ¾. ÞÇý£ Üáñ µ³Ý³Ó»õÇ Ñ»ÕÇݳÏÝ»ñáõÝ »õ ³ÝáÝó ë³ï³ñáÕ ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ Û³ïáõÏ ßÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝ Û³ÛïÝ³Í ¿ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ Ð³Û ¸³ïÇ Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇ ·áñͳ¹Çñ ïÝûñ¿Ý ²ñ³Ù гٵ³ñ»³Ýª µáÉáñ ѳۻñáõÝ ³ÝáõÝáí ÛáÛë Û³ÛïÝ»Éáí, áñ Û³é³çÇϳÛÇÝ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ úå³Ù³ Çñ ËáëïáõÙÁ ϳï³ñ¿, ë³ï³ñ ѳݹÇë³Ý³Û ³Ûë Ýáñ µ³-

²Ù»ñÇÏ»³Ý øáÝÏñ¿ëÇ ß¿ÝùÁ

ݳӻõÇÝ »õ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñÁ ׳ÝãÝ³Ý Ð³Ûáó ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ£ ´³Ý³Ó»õÇÝ ³Ý·É»ñ¿Ý µÝ³·ÇñÁ ï»ëÝ»É Ù»ñ ³Ý·É»ñ¿Ý µ³ÅÝÇÝ Ù¿ç:

ò»Õ³ëå³Ý³·¿ïÝ»ñ Ïáã Ï°áõÕÕ»Ý úå³Ù³ÛÇ ×³ÝãÝ³É Ð³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ سñïÇ ëÏǽµÁ, ò»Õ³ëå³Ý³·¿ïÝ»ñáõ ØÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ ÀÝÏ»ñ³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ (IAGS) Ý³Ù³Ï ÙÁ ÛÕ»ó ݳ˳·³Ñ úå³Ù³ÛÇݪ Ïáã áõÕÕ»Éáí ׳ÝãÝ³É Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ£ ܳٳÏÁ ÏÁ Ïñ¿ñ ÁÝÏ»ñ³Ïóáõû³Ý ݳ˳·³Ñ Îñ»ÏáñÇ êóÝÃÁÝÇ ëïáñ³·ñáõÃÇõÝÁ: ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý áõëáõÙݳëÇñáÕÝ»ñáõ ÙÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ ÁÝÏ»ñ³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ ѳٳß˳ñѳÛÇÝ, ÙÇç-ÏñóϳÝ, áã Ïáõë³Ïó³Ï³Ý ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁÝ ¿, áñ ÏÁ ÙÇïÇ Û³õ»É»³É áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ϳï³ñ»É ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý µÝáÛÃÇÝ, å³ï׳éÝ»ñáõÝ »õ Ñ»ï»õ³ÝùÝ»ñáõÝ Ù³ëÇÝ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õª Û³é³ç ï³ÝÇÉ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ϳÝ˳ñ·ÇÉÙ³Ý ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ýáõû³Ý áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ£ ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ÁÉɳÉáí 1994-ÇÝ, ³ÝÇϳ ѳݹÇåáõÙÝ»ñ ÏÁ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñ忪 ùÝݳñÏ»Éáõ ѳٳñ µ³Õ¹³ï³Ï³Ý áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ϳñ»õáñ Ýáñ ³ß˳ïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, å³ñ³·³Ý»ñáõ ë»ñïáÕáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý áõ Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÇÝ Çñ³õ³Ýó ³ÛÉ Ë³ËïáõÙÝ»ñáõ »õ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ϳÝ˳ñ·ÇÉÙ³Ý áõ å³ïÅ»ÉÇáõû³Ý ÙÇç»õ ·áÛáõÃÇõÝ áõÝ»óáÕ Ï³å»ñÁ£ ÀÝÏ»ñ³Ïóáõû³Ý ÑÇÙÝ³Ï³Ý Ýå³ï³ÏÝ ¿ ³Ï³¹»Ù³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ, ·áñÍÇãÝ»ñ, ³ñáõ»ëï³·¿ïÝ»ñ, ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý í»ñ³åñáÕÝ»ñ, ÃÕóÏÇóÝ»ñ, Çñ³õ³·¿ïÝ»ñ, ѳÝñ³ÛÇÝ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝ Ï»ñïáÕÝ»ñ »õ ³ÛÉ å³ßïûݳÏÇóÝ»ñ Ý»ñ³é»É ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ÙÇç-ÏñÃ³Ï³Ý áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõû³Ý Ù¿çª Ï³Ý˳ñ·ÇÉÙ³Ý Ýå³ï³Ïáí£ ÎáÕùÇ ëÇõݳÏáí ï»ëÝ»É Ý³Ù³ÏÇÝ µáí³Ý¹³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ£

êÇñ»ÉÇ° ݳ˳·³Ñ úå³Ù³, Ø»Ýù Ó»½Ç ÏÁ ·ñ»Ýùª ǵñ»õ áõëáõÙݳëÇñáÕÝ»ñáõ Û³é³ç³ï³ñ ÙÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ Ï³½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝ, áñ ÏþáõëáõÙݳëÇñ¿ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ£ ØÇÝã ²åñÇÉ ³ÙÇëÁ ÏÁ Ùûï»Ý³Û, Ù»Ýù Ïáã ÏþáõÕÕ»Ýù, áñ §Ó»ñ á·»ÏáãáÕ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñáõû³Ý Ù¿ç ѳۻñáõ ½³Ý·áõ³Í³ÛÇÝ ç³ñ¹Á Ïáã¿ù ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõݦ, ÇÝãå¿ë 18 سñï 2005 Ãáõ³ÏÇñ ݳٳÏáí ÙÁ ¹áõù Ïáã áõÕÕ»óÇù ݳ˳·³Ñ Öáñ× äáõßÇÝ, áñ ϳï³ñ¿¦£ 19 ÛáõÝáõ³ñ 2008-ÇÝ ¹áõù Ó»ñ ѳÙá½áõÙÁ Éë»ÉÇ ¹³ñÓáõóÇù, ÿª §Ð³Ûáó ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ íϳÛáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ ϳ٠ï»ë³Ï¿ï ÙÁ ã¿, ³Ûɪ Áݹ³ñÓ³Ï Ï»ñåáí ÷³ëï³·ñáõ³Í Çñ³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁª å³ßïå³Ýáõ³Í å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÷³ëï»ñáõ ÑëÏ³Û³Ï³Ý Ï³éáÛóáí ÙÁ¦£ Ø»Ýù ÏÁ Ûáõë³Ýù, áñ ¹áõù ³Ûë ²åñÇÉÇÝ åÇïÇ Ï³ñ»Ý³ù ѳëï³ï»É Ó»ñ ³Û¹ ѳÙá½áõÙÁ£ Ø»Ýù íëï³Ñ »Ýù, áñ ¹áõù ·Çï¿ù »õ Ïþ³ñÅ»õáñ¿ù гÛáó ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ³ñӳݳ·ñáõÃÇõÝÁ, µ³Ûó Ïþáõ½»Ýù Áݹ·Í»É, ÿ ³Û¹ Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÇÝ Çñ³õ³Ýó å³ïÙáõÃÇõÝÁ ³ÝÏÇõݳ¹³ñÓ³ÛÇÝ ¹¿åù ÙÁÝ ¿ñ ³ñ¹Ç ųٳݳϳßñç³ÝÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ, áñáíÑ»ï»õ. 1. ²ÝÇϳ ûñÇݳÏÁ »Õ³õ µáÉáñ ³ñ¹Ç ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ£ ²ïáÉý ÐÇÃÉ»ñÁ ³ÛÝù³Ý Ñdzó³Í ¿ñ Ãáõñù»ñáõÝ ÏáÕÙ¿ ѳۻñáõÝ µÝ³çÝçáõÙáí, áñ ½³ÛÝ Çµñ»õ ûñÇÝ³Ï Í³é³Û»óáõó ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý Çñ ë»÷³Ï³Ý Íñ³·ÇñÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ. ³Ý 1939-ÇÝ, Çñ ½ÇÝáõáñ³Ï³Ý ËáñÑñ¹³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÁ ù³ç³É»ñ»ó Áë»Éáí. §²Ûëûñ á±í ÏÁ ÛÇß¿ ѳۻñáõÝ µÝ³çÝçáõÙÁ¦£ 2. è³ý³Û»É È»ÙùÇÝ, áñ Û³é³ç µ»ñ³õ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ÙÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ ûñ¿ÝùÇÝ Ñ³Ù³Ó³ÛÝ á×Çñ ÙÁ ÁÉɳÉáõ ·³Õ³÷³ñÁ, ³Û¹ Ù¿ÏÁ Ù»Í Ù³ë³Ùµ Áñ³õ 1915-ÇÝ Ñ³Û»ñáõÝ å³ï³Ñ³ÍÇÝ ÑÇÙ³Ý íñ³Û£ 3. ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý 94-³Ù»³Û áõñ³óáõÙÁ ù³ç³É»ñ³Ýù ѳݹÇë³ó³Í ¿ Íñ³·ñáÕÝ»ñáõÝ£ 4. 1890-¿Ý 1920-Ç ÙÇç»õ ѳۻñÁ ç³ñ¹»ñ¿Ý ³½³ï»Éáõ ³Ù»ñÇÏ»³Ý ç³Ýù»ñÁ »ÝóÑáÕÁ ѳݹÇë³ó³Ý ³ñ¹Ç ųٳݳϳßñç³ÝÇ Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÇÝ Çñ³õ³Ýó ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ý, »õ ³Û¹ Ù¿ÏÁ Ñå³ñï³ÉÇ »õ ϳñ»õáñ ¿ç ÙÁÝ ¿ ³Ù»ñÇÏ»³Ý å³ïÙáõû³Ý Ù¿ç£ Ø»Ýù Ùï³Ñá· »Ýù, áñ ÂáõñùÇáÛ ÉáåÇÇÝÏÇ ç³Ýù»ñÁ, áñáÝù Ý»ñϳÛÇë ³ÙµáÕç³Ï³Ý ϳñáճϳÝáõû³Ùµ ·áñÍÇ ÉÍáõ³Í »Ý, åÇïÇ ³é³çÝáñ¹»Ý ¹¿åÇ 2007-Ç 106-ñ¹ ûñÇݳ·ÇÍÇ Ë³÷³ÝÙ³Ý ÏñÏÝáõû³Ý, »ñµ ݳ˳·³ÑÁ, ÇÝãå¿ë ëáíáñáõÃÇõÝ ¹³ñÓ³Í ¿, ³ñ·ÇÉ»ó ûñÇݳ·ÇÍÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ ùáõ¿³ñÏáõÃÇõÝÁ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñáõ ï³Ý Ù¿ç£ ä³ñ½³å¿ë á·»ÏáãáÕ ËáñÑñ¹³Ýß³Ï³Ý ûñÇݳ·ÇÍ ÙÁ, áñ ÏÁ Ãáõ¿ñ, ÿ åÇïÇ í³õ»ñ³óáõ¿ñ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñáõ ï³Ý Ù¿ç, Û»Õ³ßñçáõ»ó³õ ³Ýµ³ñáÛ ×ÝßáõÙÝ»ñáí, ëå³éݳÉÇùÝ»ñáí »õ ßáÕáùáñÃáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáí ÂáõñùÇáÛ ÏáÕÙ¿ª ú²ÜÇ ³Ý¹³Ù »õ ϳñ»õáñ û¹áõÅÇ Ë³ñÇëËÇ ÙÁ í³ÛñÁ£ Ø»ñ »ñÏñÇÝ Ùï³õáñ³Ï³Ý ³½³ïáõÃÇõÝÁ ãÇ Ïñݳñ å³ï³Ý¹ ³éÝáõÇÉ ûï³ñ ϳé³í³ñáõû³Ý ÙÁ ÏáÕÙ¿, Û³ïϳå¿ë »ñÏñÇ ÙÁ ÏáÕÙ¿, áñ Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÇÝ Çñ³õ³Ýó Ûáé»·áÛÝ Ù³Ï³ñ¹³ÏÁ áõÝÇ ú²ÜÇ Ù¿ç£ øë³Ý áõñÇß »ñÏÇñÝ»ñ, Ý»ñ³é»³Éª ú²ÜÇ ³Ý¹³ÙÝ»ñ üñ³Ýë³Ý, Ȼѳëï³ÝÁ, Úáõݳëï³ÝÁ »õ ¶»ñÙ³ÝdzÝ, ³Ýï»ë»Éáí ÂáõñùÇáÛ ëå³éݳÉÇùÝ»ñÁ, á·»ÏáãáÕ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ Ññ³å³ñ³Ï³Í »Ýª ÷³ëï»Éáí, áñ ÂáõñùÇáÛ ëå³éݳÉÇùÝ»ñÁ ³ïÏ¿ ³õ»ÉÇÝ ã»Ý£ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ׳ÝãݳÉáí, ¹áõù ÷³ëï³Í åÇïÇ ÁÉɳù, ÿ ¹áõù ³ÛÝ Õ»Ï³í³ñÝ ¿ù, áñáõÝ Ù³ëÇÝ ³ÏݳñÏ»óÇÝ 19 ÚáõÝáõ³ñ 2008-ÇÝ, »õ áñ §×ßÙ³ñïáõû³Ùµ ÏÁ ËûëÇ Ð³Ûáó ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý Ù³ëÇÝ »õ Ëǽ³Ë Ï»óáõ³Íù Ïþáñ¹»·ñ¿ µáÉáñ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ ¹¿Ù¦£ ²Û¹åÇëáí ¹áõù Ýáñ ¿ç ÏÁ µ³Ý³ù Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ¹Çõ³Ý³·Çïáõû³Ý Ù¿ç£ ¸áõù ݳ»õ Û³ñ·³Í ÏþÁÉɳù ×ßÙ³ñïáõÃÇõÝÁ Ù»ñ ¹Çõó³½Ý³Ï³Ý å³ïÙáõû³Ý, áñ íÏ³Ý »Õ³õ ù³ç »õ ³ÝÓÝáõñ³ó ³ñï³ùÇÝ ·áñÍáó å³ßïûݳ-ï³ñÝ»ñáõ, áñáÝù Çñ»Ýó Ï»³ÝùÁ íï³Ý·»óÇݪ ÷ñÏ»Éáõ ѳٳñ ѳۻñÁ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ųٳݳ-ϳßñç³ÝÇÝ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ³õ³Ý¹»óÇÝ ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ý ù³é³ëáõÝ Ñ³½³ñ ¿çÝáó ÷³ëï³·ñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ, áñ Ý»ñϳÛÇë ÏÁ å³ÑáõÇ ²½·³ÛÇÝ ³ñËÇõÝ»ñáõ Ï»¹ñáÝÇÝ Ù¿ç£ ²ÝÏ»ÕÍûñ¿Ýª Îñ»ÏáñÇ êóÝÃÁÝ Ü³Ë³·³Ñª ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý áõëáõÙݳëÇñáÕÝ»ñáõ ÙÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ ÁÝÏ»ñ³Ïóáõû³Ý


вÚÎ²Î²Ü òºÔ²êä²ÜàôÂÆôÜ

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

9

§úä²Ø² Æð ÊúêøÆÜ î¾ð ²Ý·³ñ³ ²ß˳ï³Ýù³ÛÇÝ Ø²ð¸Ü ¾¦, Ï°Áë¿ ²ñ³Ù гٵ³ñ»³Ý ÊÙµ»ñ ¿ ¶áñÍáõÕáõÙ ÐÚ¸ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ð³Û ¹³ïÇ Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇ ·áñͳ¹Çñ ïÝûñ¿Ý ²ñ³Ù àõ³ßÇÝÏÃÁÝ Ð³Ùµ³ñ»³Ýª Ù»Ïݳµ³Ý»Éáí §Èáë ²Ý×»ÉÁë óÛÙ½¦ ûñÃÇÝ Ù¿ç Ññ³-

Ú³Ïáµ â³ùñ»³Ý

²Ù¿Ý ï³ñÇ, »ñµ Ùûï»ÝáõÙ ¿ ²åñÇÉÇ 24-Á, Ýϳï»ÉÇ »Ý ¹³éÝáõÙ Çñ³ñ³ÝóÙ³Ý ¹ñë»õáñáõÙÝ»ñÁ ²Ý·³ñ³ÛáõÙ: ¸ñ³Ýó ÑÇÙùáõ٠гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ݳ˳ӻéÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇó µËáÕ Ùï³í³ËáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÝ »Ý: ܳ˳·³Ñ ä³ñ³ù úå³Ù³ÛÇ Ð³Ûáó ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ׳ݳã»Éáõ ݳËÁÝïñ³Ï³Ý ËáëïáõÙÁ, Ýñ³ ³ÝÏ»ÕÍ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý ·áñÍãÇ Ñ³Ùµ³õÝ áõ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñÇ øáÝÏñ»ëÇ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñÇ å³É³ïÇ ûñ³Ï³ñ·áõÙ ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý µ³Ý³Ó»õÇ Áݹ·ñÏÙ³Ý, ³é³õ»É »õë ¹ñ³ ѳëï³ïÙ³Ý Ñ³õ³Ý³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ ¿É ³õ»ÉÇ »Ý Ëáñ³óÝáõÙ Ãáõñù³Ï³Ý Ùï³í³ËáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ: êï»ÕÍáõ³Í Çñ³íÇ׳ÏáõÙ Ãáõñù³Ï³Ý Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÝ áõ Ýñ³Ýó »ÝÃ³Ï³Û Ï³½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ѳٳï»Õ ç³Ýù»ñáí ÷áñÓáõÙ »Ý ϳÝË»É ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ׳ݳãÙ³Ý Ý³Ë³Ó»éÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ: سñïÇ 3-ÇÝ §¼³Ù³Ý¦ ûñÃÝ ³Û¹ ÷áñÓ»ñÇ Ù³ëÇÝ å³ñ½³µ³ÝáõÙÝ»ñ ëï³Ý³Éáõ ³ÏÝϳÉÇùáí ÂáõñùdzÛÇ ³ñï³ùÇÝ ·áñÍ»ñÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñ ²ÉÇ ä³å³×³ÝÇÝ ¹ÇÙ»ÉÇë ÙÇ³Å³Ù³Ý³Ï Ï³ñÍÇù ¿ñ Û³ÛïÝ»É, áñ ²Ý·³ñ³Ý Ãáõñù³Ï³Ý û½Á µ³ó³ïñ»Éáõ ѳٳñ å³ïñ³ëïõáõÙ ¿ Ññáë¿çù ϳï³ñ»É àõ³ßÇÝÏÃÁÝáõÙ: γñÍÇùÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ ÑÇÙù ¿ñ ͳé³Û»É ä³å³×³ÝÇ Þ³ñÙ Þ¿ÛË Ù»ÏÝ»Éáõó ³é³ç ²Ý·³ñ³ÛÇ û¹³Ï³Û³ÝáõÙ ïáõ³Í ѳñó³½ÁñáÛóÁ: ÂáõñùdzÛÇ ³ñï³ùÇÝ ·áñÍ»ñÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñÁ Ññáë¿çùÇ Ù³ëÇÝ §¼³Ù³Ý¦ÇÝ ã¿ñ Ù³Ýñ³Ù³ëÝ»É: ê³Ï³ÛÝ Þ³ñÙ Þ¿ÛËáõÙ, Ç å³ï³ëË³Ý §²ùß³Ù¦Ç Ñ³ñó»ñÇ, ³ë»É ¿. §²ñ¹¿Ý Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñ ¿ ·áñÍáõÕáõ»É (³ñï³ùÇÝ ·áñÍ»ñÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñáõû³Ý) ³ß˳ï³Ýù³ÛÇÝ ËáõÙµÁ: ÎÁ Ù»ÏÝÇ Ý³»õ ÂáõñùdzÛÇ ²½·³ÛÇÝ ÄáÕáíÇ ³ñï³ùÇÝ Û³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ Û³ÝÓݳÅáÕáíÇ å³ïáõÇñ³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ, áñÇ ³Ý¹³ÙÝ»ñÝ ³é³ÝÓÇÝ Ñ³Ý¹ÇåáõÙÝ»ñ ÏþáõÝ»Ý³Ý ³ÛÝï»Õ, ѳݹÇåÙ³Ý ûñ»ñÁ Û³ÛïÝÇ »Ý: ¸ñ³ÝÇó µ³óÇ, ³ñï³ùÇÝ ·áñÍ»ñÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñ øÉÇÝÃÁÝÝ ¿ ·³ÉÇë, ÝÁñ³Ý ¿É Ïþ³ë»Ýù: Ú³ïáõÏ ¿Ç Ññ³õÇñ»É, ÇëÏáÛÝ ÁݹáõÝ»ó¦: ÆÝã í»ñ³µ»ñáõÙ ¿ Ãáõñù³Ï³Ý Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ í»ñ³ÑëÏáÕáõû³Ý ï³Ï ·ïÝáõáÕ Ï³½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇÝ, ³å³ ¹ñ³ÝóÇó å¿ïù ¿ ³é³ÝÓݳóÝ»É ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Âáõñù³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ ¹³ßÇÝùÁ: ¸»é»õë 1956-ÇÝ ÑÇÙݳ¹ñáõ³Í ³Ûë ϳéáÛóÁ Ý»ñϳÛáõÙë ѳٳϳñ·áõÙ ¿ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõÙ ·áñÍáÕ ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ý 40 Ãáõñù³Ï³Ý, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ³½ñå¿Û×³Ý³Ï³Ý Ï³½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõÃÇõÝÁ: ¸³ßÇÝùÇÝ ³ç³ÏóáõÙ ¿ 1991-ÇÝ ÜÇõ ºáñùáõÙ µ³óáõ³Í Turkish Forum ѳٳó³Ýó³ÛÇÝ Ï³Ûù¿çÁ: سñïÇ 3-ÇÝ Ï³Ûù¿çáõÙ Turkish Forum-Á ³Ý¹ñ³¹³ñÓ»É ¿ñ ²Ù»ñÇϳ-Ãáõñù-Ññ¿³Ï³Ý Û³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ ËáñÑñ¹Ç (ëï»ÕÍáõ»É ¿ 2004Ç ÛáõÉÇëÇ 6-ÇÝ) ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñå³Í Íñ³·Çñ-ÙÇçáó³éÙ³ÝÁ, áñÇ ßñç³Ý³ÏÝ»ñáõÙ ³Ù»ñÇϳóÇ ÙÇ ß³ñù Í»ñ³Ïáõï³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÇ »õ ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÇ Ñ»ï ѳݹÇå»É »Ý ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Âáõñù³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ ¹³ßÇÝùÇ Õ»Ï³í³ñÝ»ñÁ, Ç ¹¿Ùë ÷áËݳ˳·³Ñ ÂáÙñÇë ²½»ñÇÇ, áñÁ ÙÇ³Å³Ù³Ý³Ï ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ ³½ñå¿Û×³Ý³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõû³Ý ݳ˳·³ÑÝ ¿ ݳ»õ, ³ñï»ñÏñáõÙ µÝ³ÏáõáÕ ù³Õ³ù³óÇÝ»ñÇ ËáñÑñ¹Ç ³Ý¹³Ù ²ÉÇ âÇݳñÁ, ²½ñå¿Û׳ÝØdzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñ ËáñÑñ¹Ç ݳ˳·³Ñ Ö³õÇï ÐÇõë¿ÛÝáíÁ »õ ³½ñå¿Û׳ÝóÇ »ñ»ë÷á˳ÝÝ»ñ γÝÇñ³ ö³ß³Û»õ³Ý áõ гíáõ³ سÙÙ³ïáí³Ý: ì»ñçÇÝÝ»ñë Í»ñ³Ïáõï³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÇÝ »õ ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÇÝ Ññ³õÇñ»É »Ý ²½ñå¿Û׳Ý, ÂáÙñÇë ²½»ñÇÝ, Áݹ·Í»Éáí Íñ³·ñÇÝ ²½ñå¿Û׳ÝÇ Áݹ·ñÏÙ³Ý Ï³ñ»õáñáõÃÇõÝÁ, ³ë»É ¿, áñ ëï³ó»É »Ý ³ÛÝ, ÇÝã áõ½áõÙ ¿ÇÝ, ÇëÏ ²ÉÇ âÇݳñÁ ѳݹÇåáõÙÁ ѳٳñ»É ¿ ß³ï û·ï³Ï³ñ, áñáíÑ»ï»õ ѳ۳ٿï ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³Ý λñÇ ¾ù»ñÙ³ÝÇ Ñ»ï ½ñáõó»Éáõ »õ Ýñ³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý Ãáõñù³Ï³Ý û½Á Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ»Éáõ ³éÇà ¿ áõÝ»ó»É: âÇݳñÁ Ýᯐ ¿ ݳ»õ, áñ ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý µ³Ý³Ó»õÇÝ ³ç³ÏóáÕ ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÁ µ³ó³ñÓ³Ï ï»Õ»³Ï ã»Ý ûëٳݻ³Ý å³ïÙáõû³ÝÁ, ³Û¹ ÇëÏ å³ï׳éáí ÷³Ï ³ãù»ñáí ÏáÕÙ »Ý ùáõ¿³ñÏáõ٠ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý µ³Ý³Ó»õÇÝ, áõëïÇ Ï³ñ»õáñ ¿ Ýñ³Ýó Ñ»ï ¹¿Ù ³é ¹¿Ù ѳݹÇåáõÙÝ áõ Çñ³½»ÏáõÙÁ: Üñ³Ý Éñ³óñ»É ¿ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Âáõñù³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ ¹³ßÇÝùÇ ·áñͳ¹Çñ ËáñÑñ¹Ç ³Ý¹³Ù Ü»õ½³Ã ö»ù׳ÝÁ, Ýß»Éáí, áñ ÂáõñùÇ³Ý ÙÇßï å³ïñ³ëï ¿ å³ßïå³Ý»Éáõ ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý Çñ û½Á, »õ áã áù ãÇ Ï³ñáÕ ÷³Ëã»É ×ßÙ³ñïáõÃÇõÝÇó: ²ÛÉ Ï»ñå, Ýßáõ³Í ÙÇçáó³éáõÙáí ²Ù»ñÇϳ-Ãáõñù-Ññ¿³Ï³Ý Û³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ ËáñÑáõñ¹Á гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ѳñóáõÙ ÉáåÇëï³Ï³Ý ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõÃÇõÝ Í³õ³É»Éáõ Ñݳñ³õáñáõÃÇõÝ ¿ ÁÝÓ»é»É ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ãáõñù³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇÝ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ Ýå³ëï»É ¿ ³Û¹ ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ Ñ»ï ³½ñå¿Û×³Ý³Ï³Ý Ï³½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ Ñ³Ù»ñ³ßËáõû³ÝÁ: ²Û¹ ÁÝóóùáõÙ, ÇÝãÇ Ù³ëÇÝ ï»Õ»Ï³óÝáõÙ ¿ §²ùÃÇíѳå»ñ¦ ϳÛù¿çÁ, Ù³ñïÇ 3-ÇÝ üñ»½ÝáÛáõÙ, Ù³ëݳÏó»Éáí ÐÚ¸ Ð³Û ¹³ïÇ Û³ÝÓݳËÙµÇ Ñ³Ù³ÅáÕáíÇÝ, ѳ۳ٿï ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³Ý ²ï³Ù ÞÇýÁ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»É ¿, áñ ßáõïáí ÇÝùÝ ³ÛÉ ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÇ ³ç³Ïóáõû³Ùµ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñÇ å³É³ïÇÝ ÏÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óÝÇ ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý µ³Ý³Ó»õÁ, ãÝ³Û³Í ÂáõñùdzÛÇ µáõéÝ ¹ÇÙ³¹ñáõû³ÝÁ, Çñ ѳÙá½Ù³Ùµ, øáÝÏñ»ëÁ ¹³ ÏþÁݹáõÝÇ, ÇëÏ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ ä³ñ³ù úå³Ù³Ý ÏÁ ѳëï³ïÇ: Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñÇ å³É³ïÇ ¹»ÙáÏñ³ï ³Ý¹³Ù ÞÇýÝ ³õ»É³óñ»É ¿. §øáÝÏñ»ëÇ ·ñ»Ã¿ µáÉáñ ³Ý¹³ÙÝ»ñÁ ·Çï³ÏóáõÙ »Ý, áñ ѳۻñÇ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ÇñáÕáõÃÇõÝ ¿, ¹³ ѳëϳÝáõÙ ¿ ä³ñ³ù úå³Ù³Ý, ¹ñ³ ѳٳñ ¿É û·ï³·áñÍ»É ¿ §ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõݦ µ³éÁ¦:

ï³ñ³Ïáõ³Í §úå³Ù³ ÏÁ ï³ï³ÙëÇ Ð³Ûáó ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ׳ݳãÙ³Ý Ñ³ñóÇÝ ßáõñç¦ Ûû¹áõ³ÍÁ, Áë³Í ¿, áñ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ Ì»ñ³ÏáÛïÇÝ Ù¿ç ³ß˳ï»Éáõ »õ ݳËÁÝïñ³Ï³Ý ù³ñá½³ñß³õÇ ÁÝóóùÇÝ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ݳ˳·³Ñ ä³ñ³ù úå³Ù³Û ÏþÁݹ·Í¿ñ, áñ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñ å¿ïù ¿ ׳ÝãÝ³Ý Ð³Ûáó ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ£ §Ø»Ýù ·Çï»Ýù, áñ ݳ˳·³ÑÁ Çñ ËûëùÇÝ ï¿ñ Ù³ñ¹Ý ¿ »õ Ùï³¹Çñ ¿ ϳï³ñ»É ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ß³ñùÁ ϳë»óÝ»Éáõ í»ñ³µ»ñ»³É Çñ å³ñï³õáñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ£ Ð³Û ¹³ïÇ Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÁ ³Ýѳٵ»ñáõû³Ùµ ÏÁ ëå³ë¿, áñ ä³ñ³ù úå³Ù³ í»ñç ¹Ý¿ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ Ù³ëݳÏóáõû³Ýª гÛáó ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ÅËïÙ³Ý ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ýáõû³Ý Ù¿ç¦,- Ýß³Í ¿ ²ñ³Ù гٵ³ñ»³Ý£

ÂáõñùÇáÛ Ù¿ç ÝáÛÝÇëÏ ³Ýϳñ»ÉÇ ¿ ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý §³ÝÑÇÙݦ ÁÉɳÉÁ ¹³ë³õ³Ý¹»É Àëï Ãñù³Ï³Ý §ºÝÇ Þ³ý³ù¦ ûñ³Ã»ñÃÇÝ, ÂáõñùÇáÛ ÏñÃáõû³Ý ݳ˳ñ³ñáõû³Ý ÏñÃ³Ï³Ý ïÝûñ¿ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ѳñó³ùÝÝ³Í ¿ ê³ñÁÛ»ñÇ ÉÇë¿Ý»ñ¿Ý Ù¿ÏáõÝ »ñÏáõ áõëáõóÇãÝ»ñÁ, áñáÝù ¹³ë³ñ³ÝÇÝ Ù¿ç ³ß˳ï³ÝùÇ ËÙµ³Ï ÙÁ ϳ½Ù³Í »Ý §Ð³Ûáó ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ³ÝÑÇÙÝ åݹáõÙÝ»ñ¦áõÝ ßáõñç£ Âñù³Ï³Ý å³ïÏ»ñ³ë÷ÇõéÇ Ï³Û³Ý ÙÁ ûñÇÝ ·³Ý·³ï³Í ¿ñ ³Ûë ³ß˳ï³Ýù¿Ý, áñÙ¿ »ïù ÏñÃ³Ï³Ý ïÝûñ¿ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ѳñó³ùÝÝáõû³Ý »ÝóñÏ³Í ¿ñ í»ñáÝß»³É áõëáõóÇãÝ»ñÁ£ ê³Ï³ÛÝ áõëáõóÇãÝ»ñÝ áõ Çñ»Ýó Ý»óáõÏ Ï³Ý·ÝáÕ ßáõñç ï³ëÁ å³ßïûݳÏÇóÝ»ñ óáÛó ϳï³ñ»óÇÝ ÏÁñÃáõû³Ý ïÝûñ¿Ýáõû³Ý ß¿ÝùÇÝ ³éç»õª ¹Çï»É ï³Éáí, áñ §³ÝÑÇÙÝ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý åݹáõÙ¦ µ³ó³ïñáõÃÇõÝÁ ³ñ¹¿Ý ¹³ë³·Çñù»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ÛÇßáõ³Í ¿ ³éÝáõ³½Ý ùë³Ý ³Ý·³Ù, áõëïÇ Çñ»Ýù ëË³É µ³Ý ÙÁ ã»Ý Áñ³Í, ٳݳõ³Ý¹ áñ Çñ»Ýó ϳï³ñ³ÍÁ ·Çï³Ï³Ý ³ß˳ï³ëÇñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ ã¿£ ²Ùµ³ëï³Ý»³É áõëáõóÇãÝ»ñ¿Ý ä¿ÛÑ³Ý ²ùëá÷ Û³ÛïÝ»ó, áñ ÉÇë¿Ý»ñáõ »ñÏñáñ¹ ¹³ë³ñ³ÝÇ ¹³ë³·Çñù»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç Ûëï³Ï Ï»ñåáí Ëûëáõ³Í ¿ §Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ³ÝÑÇÙÝ åݹáõÙÝ»ñ¦áõÝ Ù³ëÇÝ, »õ Çñ»Ýó Áñ³ÍÁ áõñÇß µ³Ý ã¿, »Ã¿ áã ÏñÃ³Ï³Ý Íñ³·ÇñÇÝ ·áñͳ¹ñáõÃÇõÝÁ£ §Ø³Ý³õ³Ý¹ áñ ³½·»ñáõ »Õµ³ÛñáõÃÇõÝÁ ëáõï»ñáõ íñ³Û ãÇ Ïñݳñ ÑÇÙÝáõÇɦ, Áë³õ ²ùëá÷£ Úëï³Ï ã¿, ÿ áõëáõóÇãÝ»ñÁ ×Çß¹ Ç°Ýã áõ½³Í »Ý ÁÝ»É »õ ÇÝãá°í Ïþ³Ùµ³ëï³ÝáõÇÝ£

ÐéáÙ ä³ñ� ÙÁ ÏÁ ÓûÝ¿ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ½áÑ»ñáõÝ Æï³ÉÇáÛ Ù³Ûñ³ù³Õ³ù ÐéáÙÁ áñáß³Í ¿ Çñ å³ñ�ݻñ¿Ý Ù¿ÏÁ ÓûÝ»É Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ½áÑ»ñáõ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÇÝ£ ÐéáÙÇ Ùß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ ËáñÑáõñ¹Ç ³Ý¹³Ù ÙÁ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»ó, áñ §Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý í»ñ³µ»ñ»³É ³ñ¹³ñáõû³Ý ׳ݳãáõÙÁ ß³ï ϳñ»õáñ ¿ ÐéáÙÇ Ù¿ç µÝ³ÏáÕ Ñ³Û Ñ³Ù³ÛÝùÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ¦£ êáÛÝ Ýå³ï³ÏÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ ÁÝïñáõ³Í ¿ ÐéáÙÇ §öáñÃáõ·³É³Ï³Ý¦ å³ñ�Á£

AGOP’s

Complete Kitchen, Bathroom and Basement Remodeling

HOME IMPROVEMENT

OVER

YEARS EXPERIENCE

WE ALSO SALE BLINDS

?

Planning renovation Call Hagop Mouzenian

Tel.: 416-446-1822 cell: 647-828-3406

painting plumbing electrical ceramic tiles laminate & wood flooring Drywall and plastering


2009 10¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

s e Y h g i H M Ú. ä³É»³Ý ÂáÕ ÃáÛÉ ïñáõÇ ÍÇë³Ï³ï³ñ³Ï³Ý »õ ÙËÇóñ³Ï³Ý å³ñ·»õÝ»ñáõ »õ ³ÝáÝó ³ÏÝϳÉáõû³Ý ë³ÑÙ³ÝÝ»ñ¿Ý ³Ý¹ÇÝ Ùï³Í»É: ²åñÇÉÇÝ, ÇÝãå¿ë ³Ù¿Ý ï³ñÇ, ö³ñÇ½Ç Ú³ÕóݳÏÇ Ï³Ù³ñÇÝ ï³Ï ѳݷãáÕ ³ÝͳÝûà ½ÇÝáõáñÇ Ûáõß³ñÓ³ÝÇÝ µáóÁ åÇïÇ ³ñͳñÍáõÇ, Ù³ñ¹ÇÏ åÇïÇ ËÙµáõÇÝ ÎáÙÇï³ëÇ ÏáÃáÕÇÝ ßáõñç: ²ÝÃÇÉdzëÇ Ù³Ûñ³í³ÝùÇ ßñç³÷³ÏÇÝ Ù¿ç ·ïÝáõáÕ ºÕ»éÝÇ Ù³ïñ³Ý ³éç»õ å³ï³ñ³· åÇïÇ Ù³ïáõóáõÇ: ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ù¿ç ³Ïݹ¿ï åÇïÇ ëå³ë»Ý, ÿ ݳ˳·³ÑÁ Çñ ³Ù¿Ý³Ù»³Û Û³Ûï³ñ³ñáõû³Ý Ù¿ç åÇïÇ ·áñͳͿ± ßñÃÝ»ñ ³ÛñáÕ µ³éÁ: г۳ëï³ÝÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõû³Ý Ù³Ûñ³ù³Õ³ùÇ ÅáÕáíáõñ¹Á ÏñÏÇÝ åÇïÇ »ñÃ³Û ÌÇÍ»éݳϳµ»ñ¹, µ³Ûó ³ÛÉ»õë ³é³Ýó åáé³Éáõ §Ø»ñ ÑáÕ»ñÁ¦... ºõ ¹»é: äÇïÇ ¹Çï»Ýù »õ åÇïÇ Éë»Ýù ³ÛÝå¿ë, ÇÝãå¿ë áñ Ûáõ½áõÙáí ÏþáõÝÏݹñ»Ýù ͳÝûà ¹³ë³Ï³Ý »ñ³ÅßïáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ, ÝáÛÝ Çñ»Ýó ÑÝã»ÕáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏáñëÝóáõó³Í µ³é»ñ åÇïÇ ÏñÏÝáõÇÝ: ÖßÙ³ñïáõû³Ý ÙÁ ÁݹáõÝÙ³Ý ³ñß³õÁ í³ñ³·áõñ³Í ¿ ·É˳·ñáõ³Í Æñ³õáõÝùÁ »õ ³ÛÉ»õë ϳñÍ¿ù ë³ñë³÷ ãå³ï׳éáÕ Çñ³Ï³Ý³óáÕ ëå³éݳÉÇùÁª §Ùß³Ïáõóëå³ÝáõÃÇõݦÁ, Ñ³Û Ù³ñ¹áó »õ ÙÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ Ñ³ë³ñ³Ïáõû³Ý ѳٳñ ËݹÇñ ã¿: гÛñ»Ý³Ñ³Ýáõ³ÍÝ»ñáõ ³é³çÇÝ ë»ñáõݹÁ Ïþ³åñ¿ñ ³Û¹ ÙÕÓ³õ³ÝçÁ, Çñ ·áÛáõÃ»Ý³Ï³Ý ·áñÍÇÝ »õ ËûëùÇÝ Ù³ë ÏÁ ϳ½Ù¿ÇÝ §Ñ³Û³å³Ñå³ÝáõÙ¦ »õ §×»ñÙ³Ï ç³ñ¹¦ ï³ñ³½Ý»ñÁ, áñáÝù ³Ûëûñ Ù»ñ µ³é³å³ß³ñ¿Ý »õ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý ѳٳñáõ³Í ׳é¿Ý ¹áõñë Ó·áõ³Í »Ý: §Ö»ñÙ³Ï ç³ñ¹¦Á ³ÝÙÇç³Ï³Ýûñ¿Ý Ïþ³éÝãáõ¿ñ É»½áõÇ ÏáñáõëïÇÝ: §Ð³Ûñ»Ý³Ñ³Ýáõ³Í ÅáÕáíáõñ¹¦Ç ÙÁ ½³õ³ÏÝ»ñÁ, å³ïß³×»Éáí »õ ³ÝÓݳïáõñ ëå³éáÕ³Ï³Ý ÁÝÏ»ñáõû³Ý ÁÝÓ»é³Í »ñç³ÝÏáõû³Ý, ÏÁ ¹³ï³å³ñïáõÇÝ ÇÝùÝáõû³Ý ÏáñáõëïÇ, ¹»é Å³Ù³Ý³Ï ÙÁÝ ³É ûñûñáõ»Éáí §Í³·áõÙáí ѳۦ ÁÉɳÉáõ ïËáõñ »õ ïËñ»óÝáÕ ³ÝѻûÃáõû³Ùµ, áñ ÝáÛÝÇëÏ »ñµ»ÙÝ ³ÝÑáñǽáÝ ëݳ÷³éáõÃÇõÝ Ïþ³éÿ: â³Ýѳݷëï³Ý³Éáõ »õ ã³Ýѳݷëï³óÝ»Éáõ

вÚÎ²Î²Ü òºÔ²êä²ÜàôÂÆôÜ

²åñÇÉ¿Ý ³é³çª ²ñ»õÙï³Ñ³Û³ëï³ÝÇ »õ Ùß³Ïáõóëå³Ýáõû³Ý Ù³ëÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ ÑÇÙݳѳñó»ñÁ ¹³¹ñ³Í »Ý ËûëùÇ »õ ·áñÍÇ ³é³Ýóù ÁÉɳɿ, ²ñ»õÙï³Ñ³Û³ëï³ÝÇ ³½³ï³·ñáõû³Ý Ù³ëÇÝ ¹»é »ñ»ëݳٻ³Ï ÙÁ ³é³ç ÏÁ Ëûëáõ¿ñ »õ ³ÛÅÙ ³Ý ϳñÍ¿ù §Ã³åáõ¦ ¿, ³Ý ¹³¹ñ³Í ¿ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý ѳñó ÁÉɳɿ, Çñ³å³ßïáõû³Ùµ ϳ٠å³ñïáõáճϳÝáõû³Ùµ: öá˳ñ¿Ý, ųٳóáõó³ÛÇÝ ×ß·ñïáõû³Ùµ ³ÝÓݳïáõñ ÏþÁÉɳÝù ³Ù¿Ý³Ù»³Û ³ÕÙÁϳñ³ñáõû³Ý, §ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ׳ݳãٳݦ áã ëÏǽµ »õ áã Ñ»ï»õ³Ýù áõÝ»óáÕ Ï³ñ·³Ëûëáí, áñ ³Ýó»³ÉÇ Ñ³Ý¹¿å ѳõ³ï³ñÙáõû³Ý Ýáõ³½áõñ¹Ç í»ñ³µ»ñáõÙ ¿: ²ÝÛ»ï³Ó·»ÉÇ »õ ³ÝÙÇç³Ï³Ý »ñÏáõ ËݹÇñÝ»ñáõ ³éç»õ Ï³Ý·Ý³Í ¿ ³½·Á, áã ÙdzÛÝ Ð³Û³ëï³ÝÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõÃÇõÝÁ: ÆÝãå¿ë Áݹ·Í»óÇ, ã³Ýѳݷëï³Ý³Éáõ »õ ã³Ýѳ·ëï³óÝ»Éáõ ѳٳñ ã»Ýù ËûëÇñ §ß³ñáõݳÏáõáÕ ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý¦ Ù³ëÇÝ, áñ Ødzó»³É ³½·»ñáõ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõû³Ý ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ׳ݳãÙ³Ý ÁݹѳÝáõñ ë³ÑÙ³ÝáõÙÇÝ Ù¿ç Ýßáõ³Í ¿ áñå¿ë §Ùß³Ïáõóëå³ÝáõÃÇõݦ, Ñ»ï»õ³µ³ñª ÝáÛÝù³Ý ͳÝñ³ÏßÇé á×Çñ: Ú³×³Ë ÏÁ Ùï³Í»Ù Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ²ÃɳÝó ù³Õ³ùÇ Ñ³Ù³Éë³ñ³ÝÇ ¹³ë³ËûëÇÝ Ù³ëÇÝ, áñ Éë³ñ³Ý ÙïÝ»Éáíª Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ³Í ¿, ÿ §³Ûëûñ É»½áõ ÙÁÝ ³É Ù»é³õ¦, ù³ÝÇ áñ í»ñçÇÝ ³ÝÓÁ áñ ïáõ»³É É»½áõÝ ÏÁ Ëûë¿ñ, Ù»é³Í ¿ñ: гٳß˳ñѳÛݳóáõÙ, ·³Õáõóñ³ñáõÃÇõÝ, ϳÛë»ñ³å³ßïáõÃÇõÝ, ·áñͳͻó¿°ù ³ÛÝ µ³éÁ, áñ Ïþáõ½¿ù, É»½áõÝ»ñ ÏÁ Ù»éÝÇÝ, ÅáÕáíáõñ¹Ý»ñ Çñ»Ýó ÇÝùÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ ÏáñëÝóݻݪ ÏáñëÝóÝ»Éáí É»½áõÝ, ÇÙ³ó³å¿ë ½·³Û³½ÇñÏ íÇ׳ÏÇ Ù¿ç ÏÁ ÉáõÍáõÇÝ §Ñ³ÙåÁñÏÁñÇ ù³Õ³ù³ÏñÃáõû³Ý¦ Ù¿ç: Øß»óÇÝ, í³Ý»óÇÝ, ÏÇÉÇÏ»óÇÝ, µáÉáñ ÙÇõë ѳÛñ»Ý³Ñ³Ýáõ³ÍÝ»ñÁ, ݳ»õª Ý»ñϳÛÇ ³ñï³·³ÕóÍÝ»ñÁ, Çñ»Ýó ³½·³ÛÇÝ É»½áõÝ åÇïÇ ãÙáéݳÛÇÝ, »Ã¿ Ùݳó³Í ÁÉɳÛÇÝ, µÝ³Ï³Ý å³ÛÙ³ÝÝ»ñáõ Ù¿ç, Çñ»Ýó ѳÛñ»ÝÇùÇÝ Ù¿ç, ÑáÝ, áõñ å³ïÙáõÃÇõÝ »õ ³õ³Ý¹áõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ÇÝùÝáõÃÇõÝ ÏÁ Ï»ñï»Ý: ê÷ÇõéùÇ å³ÛÙ³ÝÝ»ñáõ ×ÝßÙ³Ý Ý»ñù»õ, áñ ³Ýå³ÛÙ³Ý áõÕÕ³ÏÇûñ¿Ý å³ñï³¹Çñ µÝáÛà ãáõÝÇ, í»ñ³åñ»Éáõ, å³ïß³×»Éáõ »õ Û³çáÕ»Éáõ ³ÝÙÇç³Ï³Ý ³é³ç³¹ñ³Ýùáí, ѳÛáõ ÇÝùÝáõû³Ý ·É˳õáñ áõÅÁ ѳݹÇë³ó³Í É»½áõÝ ï»ÕÇ Ïáõ ï³Û: ºÃ¿ Ù»Ýù ãáõ½»Ýù ï»ÕÇ ï³É, ³Û¹ ï»ÕÇ ãþáõݻݳñ: ÜáÛÝÇëÏ Ý»ñÏ³Û Ð³Û³ëï³ÝÁ ¹ñ³Ï³Ý ûñÇÝ³Ï ã¿, ù³ÝÇ áñ ÑáÝ ½³ñ·³ó³Í »õ ½³ñ·³óáÕ É»½áõ³Ï³Ý ˳óñáõÙÁ »õ ûï³ñ³Ëûëáõû³Ý Ù³ñÙ³çÁ ³õ»ñ ÏÁ ·áñÍ»Ý, áñáõÝ ³Ù¿Ý¿Ý Û³ïϳÝß³Ï³Ý ûñÇݳÏÁ, áñ ÏÁ ÃáõÇ Ã¿ áã áùÇ ³ÝѳݷëïáõÃÇõÝ å³ï׳é»ó, ÙÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ µ»ÙÇ íñ³Û »ñ·áí ѳÛáõÃÇõÝ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõó... ³Ý·É»ñ¿Ý »ñ·»Éáí, »õ Ñ³Û Ù³ñ¹ÇÏ ³Ýáñ Ù¿ç ·ï³Ý ëݳ÷³éáõû³Ý µ³õ³ñ³ñáõÃÇõÝ, ¹»é ÏÁ ß³ñáõÝ³Ï»Ý ù³ç³É»ñ»É ³Ý·³Ù, ÷áË³Ý³Ï ÁÝ¹í½»Éáõ: ÜáÛÝ ï»Õ³ïáõáõû³Ý çáõñ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ÏÁ ·ïÝáõÇ Ñ³Ù³ó³Ýó³ÛÇÝ Ñ³Õáñ¹³Ïóáõû³Ý µ³ñÇùÁ, áñ ã³ñÇù ÏÁ ¹³éÝ³Û Ù»½Ç ѳٳñ, »ñµ ѳۻñ¿ÝÁ ÏÁ ¹³éÝ³Û ûï³ñ³ï³é: ¸»é Ññ³å³ñ³Ï ã»Ï³õ ѳñ³½³ï ջϳí³ñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ, г۳ëï³Ý »õ ê÷Çõéù, áñ ÃáõÙµ ϳݷݿ ³Ûë ûï³ñ³óÙ³Ý »õ ûï³ñáõÙÇ ³ÉÇùÇÝ ¹¿Ù:

Àݹѳϳ鳰ÏÝ, Ù³ñ¹áñë³Ï³Ý »õ ëݳ÷³é³Ï³Ý å³ï׳éÝ»ñáí ÏÁ ù³ç³É»ñáõÇ µ³Ý³õáñ »õ ·ñ³õáñ ûï³ñ³ËûëáõÃÇõÝÁ: ²Ûë ï»Õ³ïáõáõÃÇõÝÁ ³ÝáõÝ áõÝÇ. §Ùß³Ïáõóëå³ÝáõÃÇõݦ, ethnocide, å³ÛÙ³ÝÝ»ñáõ å³ñï³¹ñ³Ýùáí, Ù»ñ ³Ýå³ï³ë˳ݳïáõáõû³Ùµ, ٳϻñ»ë³ÛÝáõû³Ùµ »õ ûûõëáÉÇÏáõû³Ùµ: ´áÉáñ ³ÝáÝù, áñáÝù §ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ׳ݳãٳݦ ѳñóáí Ýǽ³Ï ÏÁ ×û×»Ý, ÇÝãá±õ ³Û¹ ã»Ý ÁÝ»ñ §Ùß³Ïáõóëå³Ýáõû³Ý¦ ѳñóáí: ²Ûë ѳñóÙ³Ý å³ï³ëË³Ý ã»Ýù áõ½»ñ ï³É, ù³ÝÇ áñ ÃßݳÙÇÝ ¹áõñë¿Ý ã¿, ³Ûɪ Ý»ñë¿Ý, ³ÛëÇÝùÝ Ñ³ÛÁ ÇÝù ¿, áñ ³Û¹ ã³ñÇùÁ ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ Çñ ë»÷³Ï³Ý ³½·ÇÝ ¹¿Ù: ijٳݳÏÝ ¿, »Ã¿ áõß ã¿, »Ã¿ ï»Õ³ïáõáõÃÇõÝÁ ã¿ Ïïñ³Í »ï¹³ñÓÇ ·ÇÍÁ, áñ ѳñ³½³ï »õ ·Çï³ÏÇó ջϳí³ñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ, ³é³çÇÝ Ñ»ñÃÇÝ ³Ý˳éÝ Ùï³õáñ³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ݳ»õ, áïùÇ Ï³Ý·ÝÇÝ, ÝáÛÝÇëÏ Ã³åáõɳ é³½³ ÁÝ»Éáí, ³½·Á í»ñ³Ï³Ý·Ý»Éáõ ѳٳñ: §ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ׳ݳãáõÙ¦Á, ³Û¹ ë³ÑÙ³ÝáõÙÇ ÍÇñÇÝ Ù¿ç, ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý áã Ù¿Ï Ñ»é³Ýϳñ ÏÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ¿ ³½·ÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ, ³Û¹ ³½·Áª г۳ëï³Ý ÿ ê÷Çõéù: ²½·Ç ·áÛ³ï»õÙ³Ý Ñ³Ù³ñ Ñ»é³Ýϳñ³ÛÇÝ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝ ¿ §Ñáճѳõ³ùÁ¦, áñ §Ñ³Ûñ»Ý³Ñ³Ýáõ³Í¦ ½³Ý·áõ³ÍÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ ÏÁ Ý»ñÏ³Û³Ý³Û µÁéݳ·ñ³õáõ³Í ²ñ»õÙï³Ñ³Û³ëï³ÝÇ ³½³ï³·Áñáõû³Ý ¹³ïáí: ²ÝÏ»ÕÍáõû³Ùµ ËûëÇÝù: ºÃ¿ í³ÕÁ ²Ù»ñÇϳÝ, ³ß˳ñÑÇ µáÉáñ »ñÏÇñÝ»ñÁ, ݳ»õ` ÂáõñùdzÝ, ÁݹáõÝÇÝ, áñ ·áñÍáõ³Í ¿ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝ, DZÝã åÇïÇ ÷áËáõÇ Ð³Û³ëï³ÝÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõû³Ý »õ ê÷ÇõéùÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ: ÜáÛÝÇëÏ »Ã¿ ³Û¹ ׳ݳãÙ³Ý ÁÝÏ»ñ³Ý³Û ÝÇõÃ³Ï³Ý Ñ³ïáõóáõÙ: àãÇÝã åÇïÇ ÷áËáõÇ, §Ð³Û³ëï³ÝÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõÃÇõÝÁ åÇïÇ ãÁÉÉ³Û Ð³Û³ëï³Ý¦, åÇïÇ ß³ñáõݳϿ »ÝÃ³Ï³Û ÙÝ³É ³Ýµ³ñ»³ó³Ï³Ù ¹ñ³óÇÝ»ñáõ, áñáÝù áõÝÇÝ ³ß˳ñ³Ñ³Ï³É³Ï³Ý ³ËáñųÏÝ»ñ: Îþ³Ý¹ñ³¹³éݳ±Ýù, áñ Íáí³ÙáÛÝ åÇïÇ ÁÉÉ³Ý §Ñáճѳõ³ù¦Á »õ §³½·³Ñ³õ³ùÁ¦, ê÷ÇõéùÇ ÙÇÉÇáݳõáñ ѳۻñÁ åÇïÇ ß³ñáõÝ³Ï»Ý »ÝÃ³Ï³Û ÙÝ³É §³ÝáõÕÕ³ÏÇûñ¿Ý å³ñï³¹ñáõáÕ Ùß³Ïáõóëå³Ýáõû³Ý, ¹»é Å³Ù³Ý³Ï ÙÁÝ ³É ÏñÏÝ»Éáí §Í³·áõÙáí ѳۦ ϳ٠§½·³óáõÙáí ѳۦ ÁÉɳÉáõ ³Ýµáí³Ý¹³Ï ß³ï³ËûëáõÃÇõÝÁ: êå³ë»Éáí ³Ûë ï³ñáõ³Ý ³åñÇÉÁ, Û³é³çÇÏ³Û ï³ñáõ³Ý ³åñÇÉÁ, §Ñ³Ûñ»Ý³Ñ³ÝÙ³Ý Ñ³ñÇõñ³Ù»³Ï¦Ç ³åñÇÉÁ... âÁëÇ` §ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõݦ, ÁëÇ` §Ñ³Ûñ»Ý³Ñ³ÝáõÙ¦, ù³ÝÇ áñ ³Û¹ ¿ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý Ñ»é³ÝϳñÇÝ ³é³Ýóù³ÛÇÝ ÇÙ³ëï ïáõáÕ ·³Õ³÷³ñÁ: à±õñ Ïþ»ñóÝù, á±õñ Ïþáõ½»Ýù »ñóÉ, á±õñ ÏÁ ï³ÝÇÝ ³½·Á »õ ٳݳõ³Ý¹ª ÇÝãá±õ: гñóáõÙÝ»ñ, ½áñë å¿ïù ¿ áõÕÕ»Ýù Ù»Ýù Ù»½Ç, ½³Ý³½³Ý ³ÕÙϳñ³ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ¿ ³é³ç, áñå¿ë½Ç ûñ ÙÁ ãÁë»Ýùª §ÏéÇõÁ í»ñç ·ï³õ ÏéáõáÕ Ùݳó³Í ãÁÉɳÉáí¦, ÇÝãå¿ë ÏþÁë¿ øáéÝ¿ÛÇ Ñ»ñáëÁ, §et le combat finit faute de combattants¦ (§Le Cid¦, Pierre Corneille)... §Ðáճѳõ³ù¦ »õ §³½·³Ñ³õ³ù¦, áã áñå¿ë ïûÝ³Ï³Ý ûñ»ñáõ ³éÇÃáí ׳é, ³Ûɪ áñå¿ë ³é³Ýóù ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý ÁÝóóùÇ, praxisÇ:

²åñÇÉ 1-¿Ý ÂáõñùÇáÛ Ù¿ç ѳۻñ¿Ýáí Ó³Ûݳë÷éáõÙ 1 ³åñÇÉ¿Ý ëÏë»³É ÂáõñùÇáÛ Ù¿ç åÇïÇ ë÷éáõÇÝ Ñ³Û»ñ¿Ý Ó³Ûݳë÷Çõé³ÛÇÝ Ñ³Õáñ¹áõÙÝ»ñ£ CNN-Turk ѳÕáñ¹³Í ¿, áñ ²Ý·³ñ³ÛÇ ³Ûë áñáßáõÙÁ ϳåáõ³Í ¿ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ݳ˳·³Ñ ä³ñ³ù úå³Ù³ÛǪ ²åñÇÉÇ ëÏǽµÁ Âáõñùdz ϳï³ñ»ÉÇù ³Ûó»Éáõû³Ý Ñ»ï, áñÙ¿ ³é³ç Âáõñùdz áõ½³Í ¿ §¹ñ³Ï³Ý ù³Ûɦ ÙÁ ³éݻɣ ²Û¹ Ýå³ï³Ïáí ѳۻñ¿Ý Ó³Ûݳë÷ÇõéÇ

ë÷éáõÙÝ»ñÁ åÇïÇ ëÏëÇÝ áã ÿ ÚáõÝÇëÇÝ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ˳ï»ëáõ³Í ¿ñ, ³Ûɪ 1 ²åñÇÉÇÝ£ Âñù³Ï³Ý Éñ³ïáõ³ÙÇçáóÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ Ýß»Ý, áñ ³Û¹ ù³ÛÉÁ ÏñÝ³Û ¹»ñ³Ï³ï³ñáõÃÇõÝ áõÝ»Ý³É Ý³»õ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ øáÝÏñ»ëÇÝ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ³Í »õ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý í»ñ³µ»ñáÕ µ³Ý³Ó»õÇ ÁݹáõÝáõÙÁ ϳë»óÝ»Éáõ ·áñÍÇÝ Ù¿ç£ Ð³Û»ñ¿Ý Ó³Ûݳë÷ÇõéÇ Ñ³Õáñ¹áõÙÝ»ñÁ

ÙÇÝã»õ ÚáõÝÇë åÇïÇ ë÷éáõÇÝ §ÂáõñùÇáÛ Ó³Ûݦ Ó³Ûݳë÷ÇõéÇ Ï³Û³Ý¿Ý£ ÂáõñùÇáÛ Ñ³Ýñ³ÛÇÝ å³ïÏ»ñ³ë÷ÇõéÇ »õ é³ïÇáÛÇ ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ûñ»ñ ³é³ç Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ³Í ¿ñ, áñ 2-3 ³ÙÇëÝ»ñáõ ÁÝóóùÇÝ Ùï³¹Çñ ¿ ÑÇÙÝ»É Ñ³Û»ñ¿Ý »õ ùÁñï»ñ¿Ý ѳÕáñ¹áõÙÝ»ñ ë÷éáÕ é³ïÇáϳ۳ÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ å³ñëÏ»ñ¿Ýáí áõ ³ñ³µ»ñ¿Ýáí ë÷éáõáÕ å³ïÏ»ñ³ë÷Çõé³ÛÇÝ ³ÉÇùÝ»ñ£


вÚÎ²Î²Ü êöÆôèø

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

11

²ÝÑ»ï³óáÕ Å³é³Ý·áõÃÇõÝ. ö³ÏõáõÙ ¿ ÂÇýÉÇëáõÙ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ Ã³Ý·³ñ³ÝÁ

γñÇÝ¿ Æñ»Ý»³Ý ÂÇýÉÇëáõÙ ·ïÝáõáÕ ÚáíѳÝÝ¿ë Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ³Ýáõ³Ý Ù³ÝÏ³Ï³Ý ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÁ ³Ûë ï³ñõ³Û ëϽµÇó ¹³¹³ñ»É ¿ ·áñÍ»É: Ð³Û ³Ù»Ý³ëÇñõ³Í ·ñáÕÝ»ñÇó Ù¿ÏÇ ³ÝáõÝÁ ÏñáÕ Ã³Ý·³ñ³ÝÁ ·ïÝõáõÙ ¿ñ Ýñ³ ݳËÏÇÝ µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝáõÙª ëÏë³Í 1909-Çó: ìñ³óÇ ²ñãÇ È»Å³õ³Ý, áí 1997 Ã. 162,000 ïáɳñáí ÂÇýÉÇëÇ ù³Õ³ù³å»ï³ñ³ÝÇó ·Ý»É ¿ñ ³Ûë ï³ñ³ÍùÁ, ³ÛÅÙ áñáᯐ ¿ ¹³ï³ñÏ»É ³ÛÝ: Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ (1869-1923 ÃÃ.) ·ñãÇÝ »Ý å³ïϳÝáõÙ µ³½Ù³ÃÇõ ëÇñáõ³Í µ³Ý³ëï»ÕÍáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, åá¿ÙÝ»ñ, å³ÉɳïÝ»ñ, å³ïÙáõ³ÍùÝ»ñ áõ Ñ»ùdzÃÝ»ñ: Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ åá¿ÙÝ»ñÇ ÑÇÙ³Ý íñ³Û ëï»ÕÍáõ³Í §²Ýáõߦ »õ §²ÉÙ³ëï¦ û÷»ñ³Ý»ñÁ µ»Ù³¹ñáõ»É »Ý ³ß˳ñÑÇ ï³ñµ»ñ »ñÏñÝ»ñÇ µ»Ù»ñáõÙ: ¶ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÇ ß¿ÝùÁ ·ïÝõáõÙ ¿ ÂÇýÉÇëÇ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý êáÉáÉ³Ï Ã³Õ³Ù³ëáõÙ: ìñ³ëï³ÝÇ Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ 1921 Ã. µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝÁ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇÝ ¿ÇÝ ïáõ»É Ç Ýß³Ý Ýñ³ ³ñáõ»ëïÇ ·Ý³Ñ³ï³ÝùÇ: Æß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ ïáõ³Í Édz½ûñáõû³Ùµ` ³ÛÝ »ÝÃ³Ï³Û ã¿ñ µéݳ·ñ³õÙ³Ý Ï³Ù áñ»õ¿ ³ÛÉ ÷á÷áËáõû³Ý: 1949 Ã.ª ·ñáÕÇ Ù³ÑÇó Û»ïáÛ, Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ÏÇÝÁ` úÉϳ س×ϳɻ³ÝÁ, ¹ÇÙáõÙ ¿ ÂÇýÉÇëÇ ù³Õ³ù³ÛÇÝ Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇÝ, áñ 7 ë»Ý»³ÏÝ»ñÇó 4-Á ¹³ñÓÝ»Ý ·ñáÕÇ ³ÝáõÝÁ ÏñáÕ Ù³ÝÏ³Ï³Ý ·ñ³¹³ñ³Ý:

Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝÇ Û³ñÏÇ ï³Ï ³åñáõÙ ¿ Ýñ³ ÍáéÝáõÑÇÝ Çñ ϳïáõÝ»ñÇ Ñ»ï:

ØÇÝã»õ 1949 Ã. Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ÁÝï³ÝÇùÁ ß³ñáõÝ³Ï»É ¿ ³åñ»É ³Û¹ µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝáõÙ: 1949ÇÝ µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝÁ µ³Å³Ýáõ»É ¿ »ñÏáõ Ù³ëÇ. ÙÇ Ù³ëÁ í»ñ³Íáõ»É ¿ ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÇ, ÙÇõë Ù³ëáõÙ ß³ñáõÝ³Ï»É ¿ ³åñ»É ·ñáÕÇ ÁÝï³ÝÇùÁ: ÜáÛÝ ï³ñáõÙ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇÝ å³ïϳÝáÕ µáÉáñ Çñ»ñÁ ÷á˳¹ñáõ»É »Ý ºñ»õ³ÝáõÙ ³Û¹ µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝÇ ÝÙ³Ýáõû³Ùµ ϳéáõóáõ³Í ·ñáÕÇ ïáõÝ-óݷ³ñ³Ý: ´Ý³Ï³ñ³ÝÇ ãí³×³éáõ³Í ѳïáõ³ÍáõÙ ß³ñáõݳÏáõÙ ¿ ³åñ»É Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ÍáéÝáõÑÇÝ`

ºÉ»Ý³ ÎáÉ»ëÝÇÏáí³Ý: ܳ ÙdzÏÝ ¿ Ùݳó»É ³Ûë ·»ñ¹³ëï³ÝÇó, áí ß³ñáõݳÏáõÙ ¿ ³åñ»É ÂÇýÉÇëáõÙ: Üñ³ ÁÝï³ÝÇùÝ Çñ ëÇñ³Í 7 ϳïáõÝ»ñÝ »Ý: ØÇõë µ³ñ»Ï³ÙÝ»ñÁ ºñ»õ³ÝáõÙ »Ý »õ г۳ëï³ÝÇó ¹áõñë: §ºë, Ç Ñ³ñÏ¿, ٻͳó»É »Ù` Éë»Éáí Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇÝ í»ñ³µ»ñáÕ ½ñáÛóÝ»ñÁ,- ÛÇßáõÙ ¿ ÍáéÝáõÑÇÝ: - ä³ïÙáõÙ ¿ÇÝ, »ñµ ݳ 50 ï³ñ»Ï³Ý ¿ »Õ»É, Ñ¿Ýó ³Ûë ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ý»ñùáÛ Ñ³õ³ùáõ»É ¿ »ñÏñå³·áõÝ»ñÇ ÙÇ ÑáÍ ½³Ý·áõ³Í, »õ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÁ ½ñáõó»É ¿ Ýñ³Ýó Ñ»ï å³ïß·³ÙµÇó: ²Û¹ µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝáõÙ »Ý ѳõ³ùáõ»É ì»ñݳï³Ý ·ñáÕÝ»ñÁ »õ ³Ûë µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝáõÙ »Ý Ýñ³Ýù ÛûñÇÝáÕ ²ñÙ¿Ý îÇ·ñ³Ý»³ÝÇ Ñ»ï ùÝݳñÏ»É Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ åá¿ÙÇ ÑÇÙ³Ý íñ³Û ·ñáõ³Í Ýñ³ §²Ýáõߦ û÷»ñ³Ý¦: ܳ å³ïÙáõÙ ¿, áñ 90-³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÇÝ, »ñµ ÂÇýÉÇëÇÝ ¿É г۳ëï³ÝÇ ÝÙ³Ý ×·Ý³Å³Ù³ÛÇÝ ï³ñÇÝ»ñ ¿ñ ³åñáõÙ, ·ñ³¹³ñ³Ý å³Ñ»Éáõ Ñݳñ³õáñáõÃÇõÝ ãϳñ: ÂÇýÉÇëÇ ù³Õ³ù³å»ï³ñ³ÝÁ ³Û¹ Å³Ù³Ý³Ï å³ñïùáí ·áõÙ³ñ ¿ñ í»ñóÝáõÙ ï³ñµ»ñ ·áñͳñ³ñÝ»ñÇó ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÝ»ñÁ å³Ñ»Éáõ ѳٳñ: §ºõ ³Ñ³, »ñµ »Ï³õ ³ñ¹¿Ý å³ñïù»ñÁ í»ñ³¹³ñÓÝ»Éáõ ųٳݳÏÁ, Ýñ³Ýù ·áõÙ³ñÇ ÷á˳ñ¿Ý ëïÇåáõ³Í »Õ³Ý ï³ëÝ»³Ï ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÝ»ñ Û³ÝÓÝ»É, ³Û¹ ÃõáõÙ` ݳ»õ ³Ûë Ù¿ÏÁ¦, å³ïÙáõÙ ¿ ÎáÉ»ëÝÇÏáí³Ý: ܳ ³ëáõÙ ¿, áñ ãÇ Ï³ñáÕ Ù»Õ³¹ñ»É Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇÝ, ù³ÝÇ áñ ѳϳé³Ï ¹¿åùáõÙ ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÁ ³Ûëù³Ý ï³ñÇ ã¿ñ å³Ñå³ÝáõÇ, µ³Ûó ÝáÛÝ Ï³ñÍÇùÇÝ ã¿ »ñ»Ë³Ý»ñÇ ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÇ ÷³Ïáõ»Éáõ í»ñ³µ»ñ»³É. §ºñ»Ë³Ý»ñÇ ÍÝáÕÝ»ñÁ µáÕáùáõÙ »Ý, ù³ÝÇ áñ ³Ûë ï³ñ³ÍùÇÝ Ùûï ·ïÝáõáÕ ·ñ³¹³ñ³Ý ãϳÛ: Ȼųõ³Ý ×Çß¹ ãí³ñáõ»ó` áñáß»Éáí ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÁ ÷³Ï»É¦: ìñ³ëï³Ýáõ٠г۳ëï³ÝÇ ¹»ëå³Ý Ðñ³ã êÇÉí³Ý»³ÝÁ ÷áñÓáõÙ ¿ µ³Ý³Ïó»É ë»÷³Ï³Ý³ïÇñáç Ñ»ï` ï³ñ³ÍùÁ Û»ï ·Ý»Éáõ ³éÝãáõû³Ùµ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ È»Å³õ³Ý Ññ³Å³ñõáõÙ ¿ ³é³ç³ñÏÇó: ܳ ³ñ¹¿Ý ÷áË»É ¿ óݷ³ñ³ÝÇ ¹éÝ»ñÁ »õ, ÎáÉ»ëÝÇÏáí³ÛÇ Ëûëùáí` å³ïñ³ëïõáõÙ ¿ í»ñ³Í»É ³ÛÝ µÝ³Ï»ÉÇ ï³ñ³ÍùÇ: г۳ëï³ÝÇ ¶ñáÕÝ»ñÇ ØÇáõû³Ý ݳ˳·³Ñ È»õáÝ ²Ý³Ý»³ÝÁ ϳñÍáõÙ ¿, áñ á°ã г۳ëï³ÝÇ, á°ã ¿É ìñ³ëï³ÝÇ ·ñáÕÝ»ñÇ ÙÇáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ã»Ý ϳñáÕ áñ»õ¿ µ³Ý ³Ý»É: гñóÁ ϳñáÕ ¿ ÉáõÍ-õ»É ÙdzÛÝ Ï³é³í³ñ³Ï³Ý ٳϳñ¹³Ïáí: §¸»é 2004 Ã. ¹ÇÙ»É »Ù ѳݷáõó»³É í³ñã³å»ï ²Ý¹ñ³ÝÇÏ Ø³ñ·³ñ»³ÝÇÝ, µ³Ûó áãÇÝã ã³ñáõ»ó: Ú»ïáÛ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ 140-³Ù»³ÏÇÝ µáÉáñë ³ñÃݳó³Ýù áõ ëÏë»óÇÝù Ëûë»É¦, ³ëáõÙ ¿ ݳ: §´³½Ù³½· ìñ³ëï³Ý¦ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõû³Ý ջϳí³ñ ²éÝáɹ êï»÷³Ý»³ÝÝ ³ëáõÙ ¿, áñ ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÇ ÷³ÏáõÙÁ ³Ýëå³ë»ÉÇ ã¿ñ, ù³ÝÇ áñ г۳ëï³ÝÇ ³ñï³ùÇÝ ù³Õ³ù³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ µ³óÃáÕáõÙÝ»ñ áõÝÇ: Ø¿Ï ³ÛÉ å³ï×³é ¿ ÂÇýÉÇëÇ Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ñ³Ù³ÛÝùÇ ³Ý½ûñáõÃÇõÝÁ. §Ø»ñ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝÝ ³Ûë áõÕÕáõû³Ùµ ³ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñ ãÇ Ï³ñáÕ ï³Ý»É, ù³ÝÇ áñ ³ÛÝ ÙdzÛÝ Ñ³Û»ñÇ ËݹÇñÝ»ñáí ã¿ ½µ³ÕõáõÙ¦: ´³½Ù³ÃÇõ Ñ³Û Ùï³õáñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñÇ »õ ìñ³ëï³ÝÇ Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ñ³Ù³ÛÝùÇ Ï³ñÍÇùáí, óݷ³ñ³ÝÇ ÷³Ï»ÉÁ ÁݹѳÝñ³å¿ë µÝáñáß ¿ ìÁñ³ëï³ÝáõÙ Ý»ñϳÛáõÙë ïÇñáÕ Ñ³Ï³Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ïñ³Ù³¹ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇÝ: §ìñ³ëï³ÝÇ Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÝ ³ñï³ùáõëï µ³ñ»Ï³Ù Ó»õ³Ý³Éáí` Ý»ñùáõëï ³ëïÇ׳ݳµ³ñ áãÝã³óÝáõÙ »Ý ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ùß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ

³ñÅ¿ùÝ»ñÁ (ìñ³ëï³ÝáõÙ),- ϳñÍáõÙ ¿ Ãáõٳݻ³Ý³·¿ï ê³Ùáõ¿É Øáõñ³ï»³ÝÁ: - ´³Ûó ÇÝãù³Ý ¿É Ù»ñ »Õµ³Ûñ íñ³óÇÝ»ñÁ ç³Ý³Ý, ã»Ý ϳñáÕ³Ý³Û Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÁ ÂÇýÉÇëáõÙ ÁݹѳÝñ³å¿ë çÝç»É, ù³ÝÇ áñ ݳ ¿ ½³ñ·³óñ»É ·ñ³Ï³Ý Ï»³ÝùÁ ³Û¹ ù³Õ³ùáõÙ¦: ê³Ï³ÛÝ ÂÇýÉÇëÇ Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ¹ñ³Ù³ÃÇù³Ï³Ý óïñáÝÇ Õ»Ï³í³ñ ²ñÙ¿Ý ä³Û³Ý¹áõñ»³ÝÝ ³ÛÉ µ³Ý ¿ ³ëáõÙ: ܳ Û³ÛïÝáõÙ ¿, áñ Ñ³Û ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñÝ ³ñ¹¿Ý 25 ï³ñÇ ¿` ã¿ÇÝ û·ïõáõÙ ³Û¹ ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÇó, áñÇ å³ï׳éÝ»ñÇó Ù¿ÏÁ ѳٳñáõÙ ¿ ѳٳó³ÝóÁ: §´³óÇ ³Û¹, ³Ûëûñ ÂÇýÉÇëáõÙ Ïñ׳ïáõÙ »Ý µáÉáñ ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÝ»ñÁ: ²ÛÅÙ ¹ñ³Ýó ÃÇõÁ ѳëÝáõÙ ¿ 30-Ç, µ³Ûó ßáõïáí ¹ñ³Ýù ÏÁ Ï»ÝïñáÝ³Ý³Ý Ù¿ÏÇ Ù¿ç¦,- ѳÕáñ¹»ó ´³Û³Ý¹áõñ»³ÝÁ: ì»ñçÇÝë ݳ»õ Ýß»ó, áñ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ³Ýáõ³Ý ·ñ³¹³ñ³Ýáõ٠ϳñ 380 Ïïáñ íñ³ó»ñ¿Ý »õ 400 Ïïáñ éáõë»ñ¿Ý ·Çñù: ÆëÏ Ñ³Û»ñ¿Ý ·ñù»ñÝ Áݹ³Ù¿ÝÁ 180-Ý ¿ÇÝ: §ºë í»ñóñ»É »Ù ѳ۳ɻ½áõ ·ñù»ñÁ »õ ï»Õ³÷áË»É Ã³ïñáÝáõÙ ·áñÍáÕ ·ñ³¹³ñ³Ý, áñï»Õ Ï³Û ³ñ¹¿Ý 3000 Ïïáñ ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ·Çñù¦,- ³ë³ó ݳ: ö»ïñáõ³ñÇÝ Ð³Û³ëï³Ý ¿ñ ³Ûó»É»É ìñ³ëï³ÝÇ ³ñï³ùÇÝ ·áñÍ»ñÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñÇ ·É˳õáñ³Í å³ïáõÇñ³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ, µ³Ûó ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÁ í»ñ³·Ý»Éáõ Ù³ëÇÝ Ëûë³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ã»Õ³Ý: ºñ»õ³Ý»³Ý Éñ³ïáõ³ÙÇçáóÝ»ñáí ³Ûë ï³ñõ³Û ëϽµÇÝ Ñ³Ï³ë³Ï³Ý ï»Õ»ÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ¿ÇÝ ï³ñ³ÍõáõÙ: Ø¿Ï ï»Õ»Ï³óÝáõÙ ¿ÇÝ, áñ í³×³éáõ»É ¿ áã ÿ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ³Ýáõ³Ý ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÁ, ³Ûɪ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÁ (³ÛÝ ¹¿åùáõÙ, »ñµ ³ÛÝ ·ïÝõáõÙ ¿ г۳ëï³ÝáõÙ »õ ã¿ñ ϳñáÕ í³×³éáõ»É ÂÇýÉÇëáõÙ): Ø¿Ï ³ÛÉ ï»Õ ÝßáõÙ ¿ÇÝ, áñ í³×³éáõ»É ¿ 1899 Ã. Ó»õ³õáñáõ³Í ì»ñݳïáõÝ ·ñ³Ï³Ý ³ÏáõÙµÇ ß¿ÝùÁ: §ì»ñݳï³ÝÁ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÁ µÝ³Ïáõ»É ¿ í³ñÓáí »õ ³ÛÝ »ñµ»ù ãÇ »Õ»É Ýñ³ ë»÷³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ: ²ÛÝ í³×³éáõ»É ¿ í³Õáõó áõ ³ÛÝï»Õ ³ÛÅÙ µÝ³ÏõáõÙ ¿ ÙÇ íñ³óÇ ÏÇÝ: ÆëÏ 2008 Ã. í»ñçÇÝ í³×³éáõ»É ¿ ³ÛÝ µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝÁ, áñï»Õ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÁ µÝ³Ïáõ»É ¿ Çñ Ï»³ÝùÇ í»ñçÇÝ ï³ñÇÝ»ñÇÝ` 1909-1923 ÃÃ.¦,- å³ñ½³µ³Ý»ó ºñ»õ³ÝáõÙ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇ ïáõÝ-óݷ³ñ³ÝÇ ïÝûñ¿Ý ܳñÇÝ¿ ÂáõËÇÏ»³ÝÁ: §Ø»Ýù áõß ³ñÃݳó³Ýù, »ñµ ³ñ¹¿Ý ³ÝÑݳñ ¿ñ áñ»õ¿ µ³Ý ³Ý»É: Ø»Ýù Ïáñóñ»óÇÝù ³ÛÝ ÙÇ³Ï µÝ³Ï³ñ³ÝÁ, áñÁ å³ïϳÝáõÙ ¿ñ Âáõٳݻ³ÝÇݦ, Û³õ»É»ó ݳ: §²ñÙ»Ýdz ܳáõ¦


2009 12 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42


ØÆæ²¼¶²ÚÆÜ

13

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

гٳß˳ñѳÛÇÝ §ä³ï»ñ³½ÙÁ îÝï»ë³Ï³Ý ²ÝËáõë³÷»ÉÇ ¿¦, ÏÁ ·ñ¿ Hampshire College-Ç ²Õ¿ï ¹³ë³Ëûë سÛùÁÉ øÉ¿ñ ä³ïñ³ëï»óª È. ÎÇõÉáÛ»³Ý - êñ³å»³Ý гٳß˳ñѳÛÇÝ ïÝï»ëáõû³Ý ù³Ûù³ÛáõÙÁ ³ñ¹¿Ý å³ï×³é ¹³ñÓ³Í ¿ ¹ñ³Ù³ïáõÝ»ñáõ Ó³ËáÕáõû³Ý, ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ëݳÝϳóáõÙÇÝ, ·áñͳñ³ÝÝ»ñáõ ÷³ÏáõÙÇÝ »õ Çñ³õ³Ï³Ý Ñ»ï³åݹáõÙÝ»ñáõ£ ØÇÝã»õ Û³é³çÇÏ³Û ï³ñÇ ï³ëÝ»³Ï ÙÇÉÇáݳõáñ ·áñͳ½áõñÏÝ»ñ åÇïÇ Û³ÛïÝáõÇÝ ³ß˳ñÑÇ íñ³Û£ ê³Ï³ÛÝ 2008-Ç ³Ûë óÝóáõÙÇÝ íï³Ý·³õáñ Ù¿Ï ³ÛÉ Ñ»ï»õ³ÝùÁ ÙdzÛÝ í»ñç»ñë ëÏë³Í ¿ Û³ÛïÝáõÇÉ. ù³Õ³ù³óÇ³Ï³Ý ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ »õ ó»Õ³ÙÇç»³Ý Ñ³Ï³Ù³ñïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ Ñ»ï½Ñ»ï¿ ³õ»ÉÇ ëÏë³Í »Ý ëñÇÉ£ »ñ»õë ûñ ÙÁ å³ï»ñ³½ÙÁ åÇïÇ Û³çáñ¹¿£ ØÇÝã Ù³ñ¹ÇÏ ÏÁ ÏáñëÝóÝ»Ý ßáõϳݻñáõ »õ å»ïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ íñ³Û Çñ»Ýó íëï³ÑáõÃÇõÝÁª ѳٳß˳ñѳÛÇÝ ï³·Ý³åÁ ÉáõÍ»Éáõ Ù¿ç, ³ÝáÝù ѳõ³Ý³Ï³Ý ¿, áñ åáéÃÏ³Ý µÇñï ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáí ϳ٠۳ñÓ³ÏÇÝ ³ÝáÝó íñ³Û, ½áñë ÏÁ Ýϳï»Ý Çñ»Ýó ﳷݳåÇÝ å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõÝ»ñÁ, ÇÝãå¿ëª å»ï³Ï³Ý Ý»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñ, ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ïÝûñ¿ÝÝ»ñ, ϳÉáõ³Í³ï¿ñ»ñ, ·³ÕóϳÝÝ»ñ »õ ³½·³ÛÇÝ ÷áùñ³Ù³ëÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ (³Ûë ó³ÝÏÁ ³å³·³ÛÇÝ ÏñÝ³Û ³õ»ÉÇ »ñϳñ »õ ³õ»ÉÇ Ùï³Ñá·Çã ¹³éݳÉ)£ ºÃ¿ Ý»ñÏ³Û ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý ﳷݳåÇ Å³Ù³Ý³ÏÝ»ñÁ í»ñ³ÍáõÇÝ §Ïáñëáõ³Í ï³ëݳٻ³ÏǦ ÙÁ, ÇÝãå¿ë Ïþ³ÏݳñÏ¿ úå³Ù³, ³å³ ³ñ¹ÇõÝùÁ ÏñÝ³Û ÁÉÉ³É Ñ³Ù³ß˳ñѳÛÇÝ ¹³ßï ÙÁª ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý »é»õ»÷áõÙÝ»ñáí Ññ³Ññáõ³Í£ Æñûù, »Ã¿ áñáß Ùé³ÛÉ ïå³õáñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ åÇïÇ áõ½¿Çù ϳ½Ù»É, Ó»ñ å³ï¿Ý ϳ˻ó¿ù ³ß˳ñÑÇ ù³ñï¿ëÁ »õ ëÏë»ó¿ù ϳñÙÇñ ·Ý¹³ë»ÕÝ»ñ ½»ï»Õ»É ³ÛÝ í³Ûñ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç, áõñ ³ñ¹¿Ý ÇëÏ µÇñï ¹¿åù»ñ ³ñӳݳ·ñáõ³Í »Ý. ²Ã¿Ýù (Úáõݳëï³Ý), ÈáÝÏÝ³Ý (âÇݳëï³Ý), öáñà ú öÁñºÝë (гÛÇÃÇ), èÇϳ (ȳÃídz), ê³Ýó øñáõ½ (äáÉÇídz), êáýdz (äáõÉϳñdz), ìÇÉÝÇáõë (ÈÇÃáõ³Ýdz), ìɳïÇíáëÃáù (èáõëdz) µ³õ³ñ³ñ »Ý ëÏë»Éáõ ѳٳñ£ ´³½Ù³ÃÇõ ³ÛÉ ù³Õ³ùÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ëª è¿Ûù»³õÇù, ö³ñǽ, ÐéáÙ, ê³ñ³Ïáë³, ØáëÏáõ³ »õ î³åÉÇÝ ³Ï³Ý³ï»ë ¹³ñÓ³Í »Ý µáÕáùÇ ÑëÏ³Û³Ï³Ý ³ÉÇùÝ»ñáõª Ñ»ï½Ñ»ï¿ í³ïóñ³óáÕ ·áñͳ½ñÏáõû³Ý »õ ³ß˳ï³í³ñÓ»ñáõ ³ÝÏáõÙÇÝ ¹¿Ù£ ÜÙ³Ý óáÛó»ñ ϳñ·³å³Ñáõû³Ý ë³ÑÙ³ÝÝ»ñ¿Ý ¹áõñë ã»Ý »Ï³Íª ßÝáñÑÇõ ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ¹¿Ù ¹ÝáÕ µ³½Ù³ÃÇõ áëïÇϳÝÝ»ñáõ Ý»ñϳÛáõû³Ý£ ºÃ¿ ݳñÝç³·áÛÝ ·Ý¹³ë»ÕÝ»ñ ½»ï»Õ¿ù ³Ûë í³Ûñ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç (³é³ÛÅÙ á㪠Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ Ù¿ç) ù³ñï¿ëÁ ³ñ¹¿Ý åÇïÇ µáó³í³éÇ »é³óáÕ ß³ñÅáõÙÝ»ñáí£ ÆëÏ »Ã¿ µ³Ëï³ËݹÇñ ³ÝÓ ÙÁÝ ¿ù, ³å³ Ïñݳù ³å³Ñáí Ï»ñåáí ·ñ³õ ¹Ý»É, ÿ ³Ûë ù³ñï¿ëÁ ßáõïáí åÇïÇ Í³ÍÏáõÇ ³õ»ÉÇ Ù»Í ÃÇõáí ϳñÙÇñ ·Ý¹³ë»ÕÝ»ñáí, ù³Ýª ݳñÝç³·áÛÝ£ àñáíÑ»ï»õª Ù»Í Ù³ë³Ùµ ÝÙ³Ý »é»õ»÷áõÙÝ»ñ, ÝáÛÝÇëÏ »ñµ µÇñï »Ý, åÇïÇ ÙÝ³Ý ï»Õ³ÛÝ³Ï³Ý µÝáÛÃÇ ë³ÑÙ³ÝÝ»ñáõ Ù¿ç »õ ³ÛÝù³Ý ɳõ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõ³Í åÇïÇ ãÁÉɳÝ, áñ å»ï³Ï³Ý áõÅ»ñ ϳñ»Ý³Ý ѳϳÏßÇéÇ ï³Ï ³éÝ»É ½³ÝáÝù ûñ»ñáõ ϳ٠߳µ³ÃÝ»ñáõ ÁÝóóùÇÝ£ ÜáÛÝÇëÏ 6 ûñáõ³Ý ÁÝóóùÇÝ, ÇÝãå¿ë å³ï³Ñ»ó³õ ²Ã¿ÝùÇ Ù¿ç ³Ýó»³É ¹»Ïï»Ùµ»ñÇÝ, ù³Õ³ù ÙÁ Ïþ³Ý¹³Ù³ÉáõÍáõÇ ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ å³ï׳éáí, ³ñóáõÝù³µ»ñ ϳ½»ñ Ïþ³ñÓ³ÏáõÇÝ »õ áëïÇϳÝáõû³Ý ß³ñù»ñ ÏÁ Û³ÛïÝáõÇÝ£ ¶¿Ã ³Ûë ¿ å³ïÏ»ñÁ ³é³ÛÅÙ£

îÝï»ë³Ï³Ý å³ï׳éÝ»ñáí ѳٳß˳ñѳÛÇÝ Ñ³Ù³×³ñ³Ï

êÝݹ»Õ¿ÝÇ ëÕáõû³Ý ¹¿Ù 2008-Ç ·³ñÝ³Ý Í³Ûñ ïáõ³Í ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ Ùï³Í»É Ïáõ ï³ÛÇÝ, ÿ ïÝï»ëáõû³Ý å³ï׳éáí Ññ³Ññáõ³Í µñïáõÃÇõÝÁ áñù³°Ý ³ñ³· ÏñÝ³Û ï³ñ³ÍáõÇÉ£ гõ³Ý³Ï³Ý ã¿, áñ ³ñ»õÙï»³Ý Éñ³ïáõ ·áñͳϳÉáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ï»Õ»Ï³·ñ³Í ÁÉÉ³Ý Çõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñÇÝ Ù³ëÇÝ£ ê³Ï³ÛÝ ³ÛÝ ¹¿åù»ñÁ ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³Í ¿ÇÝ ø³Ù»ñáõÝÇ, º·ÇåïáëÇ, ºÃáíåÇáÛ, гÛÇÃÇÇ, Ðݹϳëï³ÝÇ, ÆÝïáÝ»½ÇáÛ, öÕáëÏñ»³Û ²÷áõÝùÇ »õ ê»Ý»Ï³ÉÇ Ù¿ç£ úñÇݳÏ, гÛÇÃÇÇ Ù¿ç ѳ½³ñ³õáñ óáõó³ñ³ñÝ»ñ Û³ñӳϻó³Ý öáñà ú öñ»ÝëÇ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ³Ï³Ý å³É³ïÇÝ íñ³Û »õ ëÝݹ»Õ¿Ý å³Ñ³Ýç»óÇÝ£ ¼ÇÝáõáñ³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ زÎ-Ç Ë³Õ³Õ³ñ³ñ áõÅ»ñ »ï ÙÕ»óÇÝ ½³ÝáÝù£ ²ÛÉ »ñÏÇñÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ëª ö³ùÇëï³Ý »õ ³ÛɳÝï, ³ÝÙÇç³å¿ë ÷áñÓ»óÇÝ ³é³çùÁ ³éÝ»É ÝÙ³Ý Û³ñÓ³ÏáõÙÝ»ñáõª ½ÇÝáõáñ³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ áõÕ³ñÏ»Éáí »ñÏñÇÝ ³·³ñ³ÏÝ»ñáõÝ »õ ßï»Ù³ñ³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ ÑëÏáÕáõû³Ý£ ÊéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ Ù»ÕÙ³ó³Ý ³Ùñ³Ý í»ñç³õáñáõû³Ý, »ñµ áõųÝÇõÃÇ ·ÇÝ»ñáõÝ ³ÝÏáõÙÁ Çñ»Ý Ñ»ï Ýáõ³½»óáõó áõï»ëï»Õ¿ÝÇ ·ÇÝ»ñÁ£ êÝݹ»Õ¿ÝÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ ͳ·³Í ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý å³ï׳éÝ»ñáí ͳÛñ ïáõ³Í µñïáõû³Ý Ó»õ ÙÁÝ ¿ÇÝ£ ø³ßÙÇñÇ Ù¿ç ë³ëïÇÏ ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ Ù»Í Ù³ë³Ùµ í»ñ³·ñáõ»ó³Ý ÏñûÝ³Ï³Ý Ñ³Ï³Ù³ñïáõû³Ýª ٻͳٳëÝáõû³Ùµ Çëɳ٠µÝ³Ïãáõû³Ý »õ Ù»Í Ù³ë³Ùµ ÑÇÝïáõÝ»ñáí ջϳí³ñáõ³Í Çß˳Ýáõû³Ý ÙÇç»õ£ ²Ûëáõѳݹ»ñÓ, ÝáÛÝù³Ý ϳñ»õáñáõÃÇõÝ ÏÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ¿ñ ³ÛÝ Ëáñ ½³ÛñáÛÃÁ, ½áñ µ³½Ù³ÃÇõ ù³ßÙÇñóÇ ÇëɳÙÝ»ñ ÏÁ ½·³ÛÇݪ Ç ï»ë Ëïñ³Ï³Ýáõû³Ýª ³ß˳ï³ÝùÇ, µÝ³Ï³ñ³Ý³ÛÇÝ »õ ϳÉáõ³ÍÝ»ñáõ û·ï³·áñÍáõÙÇ Ù³ñ½»ñáõ Ù¿ç£ ²å³ Ù³ÛÇëÇÝ Ñ³½³ñ³õáñ í³ãϳïáõÝ ÑáíÇõÝ»ñ ÷³Ï»óÇÝ ×³Ùµ³Ý»ñÁ »õ ³ñ·»É³Ï»óÇÝ ·Ý³óùÝ»ñáõ ÙáõïùÁ ²Ïñ³,

áõñ ÏÁ ·ïÝáõÇ Â³Å Ø³Ñ³ÉÁ, å³Ñ³Ýç»Éáí ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý áñáß Çñ³õáõÝùÝ»ñ£ ÐáÏï»Ùµ»ñÇÝ ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý íÇ׳ÏÇ ³éÝãáõ³Í ³ÛÉ ËéáíáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ ͳ·»ó³õ Ðݹϳëï³ÝÇ ÑÇõëÇë³ñ»õ»É»³Ý ²ëë³Ù ù³Õ³ùÇÝ Ù¿ç, áñáõÝ ãù³õáñ µÝ³ÏÇãÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ ÷áñÓ¿ÇÝ ¹¿Ù ¹Ý»É ß³ï ³õ»ÉÇ ³Õù³ï »õ Ù»Í Ù³ë³Ùµ ³åûñÇÝÇ ·³ÕóϳÝÝ»ñáõ ÑáëùÇݪ ¹ñ³óÇ ä³ÝÏɳï»ß¿Ý£ îÝï»ë³Ï³Ý å³ï׳éÝ»ñáí µ³ËáõÙÝ»ñ 2008-ÇÝ Í³Ûñ ïáõÇÝ âÇݳëï³ÝÇ ³ñ»õ»É»³Ý ßñç³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç£ òáõó³ñ³ñÝ»ñÁ ëáíáñ³µ³ñ íݳëáõó ѳïáõóáõÙ ÏÁ å³Ñ³Ýç¿ÇÝ ·áñͳï¿ñ»ñ¿Ý ϳ٠å»ï³Ï³Ý Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ¿Ý »õ Çñ»Ýó ¹ÇÙ³ó ÏÁ ·ïÝ¿ÇÝ Ùïñ³ÏÁ ×û×áÕ áëïÇϳÝÝ»ñ£ ö»ïñáõ³ñ 2-ÇÝ âÇݳëï³ÝÇ Ù¿ç å»ï³Ï³Ý µ³ñÓñ³ëïÇ×³Ý å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ÙÁ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»ó, ÿ 20 ÙÇÉÇáÝ ³ß˳ï³õáñÝ»ñ ·³ÕÃ³Í »Ý »ñÏñÇÝ ·ÇõÕ³Ï³Ý ßñç³ÝÝ»ñ¿Ý »õ áõÕÕáõ³Í »Ý ¹¿åÇ µ³ñ·³õ³×áÕ ù³Õ³ùÝ»ñ, áñáíÑ»ï»õ ÏáñëÝóáõó³Í »Ý Çñ»Ýó ·áñÍÁ£ ¸»Ïï»Ùµ»ñÇÝ µñïáõû³Ý å³ñ³·³Û³Ï³Ý ¹¿åù»ñáõ Ï»¹ñáÝÁ µ³ñ·³õ³×áÕ ³ß˳ñÑ¿Ý ÷á˳¹ñáõ³Í ¿ñ ²ñ»õÙï»³Ý ºõáñå³ »õ ݳËÏÇÝ ÊáñÑñ¹³ÛÇÝ ØÇáõÃÇõÝ£ ²Ûëï»Õ óáÛó»ñáõÝ Ù»Í Ù³ëÁ Ñ»ï»õ³Ýù ¿ »ñϳñ³ï»õ ·áñͳ½ñÏáõû³Ý, å»ï³Ï³Ý ë˳ÉÝ»ñáõ »õ ³ÝϳñáÕáõû³Ý£ ºé»õ»÷áõÙÝ»ñ ³ñӳݳ·ñáõ»ó³Ý ²Ã¿ÝùÇ Ù¿ç, 2008-Ç ¹»Ïï»Ùµ»ñ 6-ÇÝ, »ñµ áëïÇϳÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ³ÕÙÏáï í¿×Ç ÙÁ ÁÝóóùÇÝ Ïñ³Ï»ó 15 ï³ñ»Ï³Ý å³ï³ÝÇÇ ÙÁ íñ³Û »õ ëå³ÝÝ»ó ½³ÛݣгñÇõñ³õáñ áõë³ÝáÕÝ»ñ »õ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñ ËáõÅ»óÇÝ ù³Õ³ùÇÝ Ï»¹ñáÝÁ »õ µ³ËáõÙÝ»ñ áõÝ»ó³Ý áëïÇϳÝáõû³Ý Ñ»ï£ ÊéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ÏñÏÝáõ»ó³Ý Û³çáñ¹ ûñ»ñáõÝ ²Ã¿ÝùÇ »õ ÛáõÝ³Ï³Ý ³ÛÉ ù³Õ³ùÝ»ñáõ Ù¿ç£ ¼³ÛñáÛÃáí É»óáõÝ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñ Û³ñӳϻó³Ý áëïÇϳÝáõû³Ý íñ³Û, áñ ÁݹѳÝñ³å¿ë ÏÁ ÝϳïáõÇ ïÇñáÕ í³ñã³Ï³ñ·ÇÝ Ï³ÙùÁ å³ñï³¹ñáÕ áõÅÁ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õª ßù»Õ í³×³é³ïáõÝ»ñáõ »õ å³Ý¹áÏÝ»ñáõ íñ³Û, áñáÝóÙ¿ áÙ³Ýù ÑñÏǽáõ»ó³Ý£ ²ñÅ»õáñáõÙÇ ÙÁ ѳٳӳÛÝ, 6 ûñáõ³Ý ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ 1.3 ÙÇÉdzé ïáɳñÇ ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý íݳë å³ï׳é»óÇÝ Î³Õ³Ý¹Ç ·ÝáõÙÇ ·³·³ÃݳϿïÇÝ£ èáõëdz »õë ¹»Ïï»Ùµ»ñÇÝ Ã³ï»ñ³µ»ÙÁ ¹³ñÓ³õ µÇñï ËéáíáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ, áñáÝù Ñ»ï»õ³Ýù ¿ÇÝ Ý»ñ³Íáõ³Í ÇÝùݳ߳ñÅÝ»ñáõ íñ³Û µ³ñÓñ ïáõñù»ñáõ£ îáõñùÁ Ù»Í Ñ³ñáõ³Í ÙÁÝ ¿ñ èáõëÇáÛ Ñ»é³õáñ ³ñ»õ»É³Ý ìɳïÇíáëÃáù ݳõ³Ñ³Ý·Çëï ù³Õ³ùÇÝ ³é»õïñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ, áñáÝù Ïþû·ïáõ¿ÇÝ ×³÷áÝ³Ï³Ý ·áñͳÍáõ³Í ÇÝùݳ߳ñÅÝ»ñáõ ³é»õïáõñ¿Ý£ ºñµ ï»Õ³Ï³Ý áëïÇϳÝáõÃÇõÝÁ Ù»ñÅ»ó ×½Ù»É ³Ûë ïáõñùÇÝ ¹¿Ù ͳõ³É³Í óáÛó»ñÁ, Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ Û³Ûïݳå¿ë ³ÛÝù³Ý Ùï³Ñá· ¿ÇÝ, áñ 3700 ÙÕáÝ Ñ»éáõ¿Ýª ØáëÏáõ³Û¿Ý áõÕ³ñÏ³Í ¿ÇÝ Û³ïáõÏ áõÅ»ñ£ ÚáõÝáõ³ñ 13-16-Ç ÙÇç»õ ѳϳå»ï³Ï³Ý óáÛó»ñ, áñáÝó ÁÝóóùÇÝ µÇñï µ³ËáõÙÝ»ñ ³ñӳݳ·ñáõ³Í »Ý áëïÇϳÝáõû³Ý Ñ»ï, ͳÛñ ïáõ³Í ¿ÇÝ È³ÃíÇáÛ èÇϳ Ù³Ûñ³ù³Õ³ùÇÝ Ù¿ç, äáõÉϳñÇáÛ Ù³Ûñ³ù³Õ³ù êáýdzÛÇ Ù¿ç, ÈÇÃáõ³ÝÇáÛ Ù³Ûñ³ù³Õ³ù ìÇÉÝÇáõëÇ Ù¿ç£ ²ñ¹¿Ý ³Ýϳñ»ÉÇ ¿ Ñ»ï»õÇÉ ÝÙ³Ý ¹¿åù»ñáõ ۳׳˳ϳÝáõû³Ý, ÇÝã áñ Ùï³Í»É Ïáõ ï³Û, ÿ ÏÁ ·ïÝáõÇÝù ïÝï»ëáõû³Ý å³ï׳éáí ͳÛñ ïáõ³Í µñïáõû³Ý ѳٳß˳ñѳÛÇÝ Ñ³Ù³×³ñ³ÏÇ ÙÁ ë»ÙÇÝ£ îÝï»ë³·¿ïÝ»ñ ѳٳϳñÍÇù »Ý, ÿ ÏÁ ·ïÝáõÇÝù Ëáñ ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý ù³Ûù³ÛáõÙÇ ÙÁ ë»ÙÇÝ, áñ »ñµ»õÇó¿ ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³Í ¿ 1930-³Ï³Ý ï³ñÇÝ»ñáõ îÝï»ë³Ï³Ý Ù»Í ³ÝÏáõÙ¿Ý Ç í»ñ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ ³ÝáÝù ÏÁ ѳõ³ï³Ý, ÿ ³Ûë í³Ûñ¿çùÁ, ´. ²ß˳ñѳٳñï¿Ý »ïù ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³Í µáÉáñ í³Ûñ¿çùÝ»ñáõÝ å¿ë, Ù¿Ï, »ñÏáõ ϳ٠»ñ»ù ï³ñÇ¿Ý åÇïÇ ëÏëÇ Ñ³Ï³é³Ï áõÕÕáõû³Ùµ ß³ñÅÇÉ »õ ³é³çÝáñ¹»É í»ñ³Ï³Ý·ÝáõÙÇ£ ²Ù»ñÇÏ»³Ý ·³ÕïÝÇ ëå³ë³ñÏáõû³Ýó ÁݹѳÝáõñ ïÝûñ¿ÝÁª î»ÝÇë äÉ»ñ í»ñç»ñë Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»ó. §Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ ѳٳñ ³å³Ñáí³Ï³Ý ³ÝÙÇç³Ï³Ý ѳñóÁ ѳٳß˳ñѳÛÇÝ ïÝï»ëáõû³Ý ﳷݳåÝ ¿ »õ ³Ýáñ ³ß˳ñѳù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý ³Ý¹ñ³¹³ñÓÝ»ñÁ£ ìÇ׳ϳ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ óáÛó Ïáõ ï³Ý, ÿ ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý ﳷݳåÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ ë³ëïϳóÝ»Ý í³ñã³Ï³ñ·»ñáõ ϳÛáõÝáõû³Ý ¹¿Ù íï³Ý·Ý»ñÁ, »Ã¿ ³ÝáÝù ß³ñáõݳÏáõÇÝ Ù¿Ï Ï³Ù »ñÏáõ ï³ñÇ¿Ý ³õ»ÉǦ£ ²Ýßáõßï ³ëÇϳ åÇïÇ ÁÉÉ³Û Ý»ñÏ³Û Ï³óáõû³Ý Ñ»ï»õ³ÝùÁ£ äÉ»ñ ãÝß»ó, ÿ áñ »ñÏÇñÝ»ñÁ Ç ÙïÇ áõÝ¿ñ, »ñµ ÏÁ Ëûë¿ñ §í³ñã³Ï³ñ·»ñáõ ϳÛáõÝáõû³Ý ¹¿Ù íï³Ý·Ý»ñáõ¦ Ù³ëÇÝ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ ³Ýáñ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñáõÃ»Ý¿Ý Ï³ñ»ÉÇ ¿ Ñ»ï»õóÝ»É, ÿ ³Ý Ùûï¿Ý ÏÁ Ñ»ï»õÇ ²÷ñÇÏ¿Ç, ØÇçÇÝ ²ñ»õ»ÉùÇ, гñ³õ³ÛÇÝ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ »õ λ¹ñáÝ³Ï³Ý ²ëÇáÛ Ù¿ç ˳Ëáõï å»ïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ íÇ׳ÏÇÝ£ ²ÛÅÙ í»ñ³¹³ñÓ¿ù Ó»ñ å³ïÇÝ íñ³Û Ï³Ë³Í ³ß˳ñÑÇ ù³ñï¿ëÇÝ, áõñ ½»ï»Õ³Í ¿ù ϳñÙÇñ »õ ݳñÝç³·áÛÝ ·Ý¹³ë»ÕÝ»ñÁ »õ ÷Ýïé»ó¿ù ³ÛÝ »ñÏÇñÝ»ñÁ, áñáÝó Ù¿ç ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý ³ñï³¹ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ áõß³·ñ³õ ³ÝÏáõÙ ³ñӳݳ·ñ³Í »Ý »õ ·áñͳ½ñÏáõÃÇõÝÁ ³õ»Éó³Í ¿£ ä¿ïù ãáõÝÇù ·³ÕïÝÇ ëå³ë³ñÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ï»Õ»ÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõݪ ·ÇïݳÉáõ ѳٳñ, ÿ äÉ»ñ »õ ³Ýáñ å³ßïûݳÏÇóÝ»ñÁ Ç°Ýã ³ËáñųÏÝ»ñ áõÝÇÝ Ï³ÛáõÝáõû³Ý ³éáõÙáí, ÙÇÝ㠳峷³Ý ³õ»ÉÇ Ùáõà ÏÁ ¹³éÝ³Û íï³Ý·áõ³Í »ñÏñ³·áõݹÇÝ Ù¿ç£


2009 î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42 14 ¸.²äðÆÈ


15

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

Nana Solakian

ÜáõÝáõß êáɳϻ³Ý

45 Hallcrown Place,

Now ready to serve for all occasions

Special T Catering

Willowdale ON, M2J 4Y4

416-833-3035 (Direct line) 416-491-2900 ext.2


2009 16 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

Armenian Family Support Services Armenian Family Support Services (AFSS) will be celebrating an important milestone on Saturday, May 2, at the Holy Trinity Armenian Church. Our evening of “Hye Hopes” is in celebration of our 5th Anniversary of providing “Hope” to our beloved community members in need. To witness the transformation in people’s lives when they begin to feel a sense of Hope is truly inspiring. This all happens through the dedication of our Board Members, Volunteers and the continuous support from persons such as you. Hope is provided to the Newcomers when they witness the coming together of the Armenian Canadian Community to support their new life in Toronto, Hope allows them to believe in a brighter future for their children in Canada, Hope in finding employment increases through our Employment Project, a sense of Hope is provided to our members of the community, who approach us on a variety of issues for support, education and advocacy. Services we provide range from Referral Services, Employment Link Project, Newcomers/Settlement Project-HIMA, Outreach Missions, Wellness Lectures, Adopt-a-Child to Camp Program, and Adopt-a-Family for Christmas Program. Please visit our website at to see more testimonials, photos and descriptions of projects and community initiatives. In 2007, our theme was “Creating Hope”. Now in 2009, help us create “Hye Hopes” by celebrating and supporting us on May 2nd. Your support is integral in helping us continue our mission through its valuable services-services that, perhaps one day, you or your loved ones may need.

Lara’ s catering

² Ù»³ÏÇ îûݳϳï³ñáõÃÇõÝ th

Lara°s Catering гÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ñ³ëï³ïáõÃÇõÝ, áõñ ÏÁ ·ïÝ¿ù ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý »õ ÙÇçÇÝ ³ñ»õ»É»³Ý ½³Ý³½³Ý Ñ³Ù»Õ »õ Ù³ïã»ÉÇ ·ÇÝ»ñáí ѳõáõ ù»å³å, Ïáíáõ ù»å³å, ÔÇÙ³ ù»å³å,гÙáë, ³åáõÉ¿, å³å³Õ³ÝÝáõß, ɳåÝ¿, ÙáõѳÙÙ³ñ³, ÓÏݻտÝÝ»ñ, å¿ûñ¿ÏÝ»ñ »õ ï»ë³Ï³õáñ ³ÛÉ ×³ß»ñ:

A C

nniversary elebration

Join us for an evening of

"HYE HOPES"

Saturday, May 2, 2009 at 7:30 pm

Enjoy an array of delicious food as you walk through our European-inspired marché and treat yourself to unique performances, musical entertainment, live dance show and dancing to our DJ!

Holy Trinity Armenian Church 920 Progress Avenue, Toronto.

Tickets: $65.00 For tickets please contact: Maida Icliates at 416-407-0469 France Kandaharian at 416-733-0232

www.afsstoronto.org

Residential & CommercialReal Estate

"

ng

es ous

ki Ma

H into

s e m o

Hallmark Realty Ltd. Brokerage

"

Independently Owned and Operated

H

416-494-7653

Üß³ÝïáõùÝ»ñáõ, ѳñë³ÝÇùÝ»ñáõ, ÙÏñïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ »õ ï³ñ»¹³ñÓÝ»ñáõ ѳٳñ áñ³Ï³õáñ ׳߻ñ, Ù³ïã»ÉÇ ·ÇÝ»ñ »õ ɳõ³·áÛÝ ëå³ë³ñÏáõÃÇõÝ:

416-846-7207

245 Fairview Mall Drive, North York, Ontario M2J 4T1 www.TorontoRealEstateGTA.com

Hratch & Alex

Melconian Broker & Sales Representative


17

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42


2009 18 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

Dr. Sona Boyakhchyan

...and she’s readily available with answers and information on a variety of topics including:

It’s all part of her dedication to know you pe rsonally and help you with your individual health ca re needs. KatiaGhorghorian

B.Sc. Pharm. Pharmacist/Owner

2 for 1*


19

TORONTO ARMENIANS TI O N A L A R NA M

ANCT UPDATE

I

N

M

EN

A

April 2008

IT

ARM

T EE

N

CO

IE

M

I

ÉN

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

NA

O TIONAL C

M

Upcoming Events/Initiatives: -The ANCT is organizing the official commemoration of the 94th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide on Sunday, April 26, 2009. The event will take place at the Armenian Community Centre at 2:00 pm. -The Armenian National Committee of Canada will be sponsoring a commemoration of the Armenian Genocide at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, and a protest at the Turkish Embassy on Friday, April 24, 2008. We ask people to be at the Armenian Community Centre before 6:00am, as buses will be leaving the ACC at 6:00 am. -The Canadian Armenian Youth of Toronto will be holding their annual Candlelight Vigil at Queen’s Park on Monday, April 27, 2008, at 7:00 pm.

Recent Events/Initiatives:

-The ANCT organized a trip to the Georgetown farmhouse which housed the Georgetown Boys for the cast and crew of The Hamazkayin New Jersey Youth Theatre group on Saturday, March 14, 2009, in advance of their performance of “The Georgetown Boys: The Musical”. All those present were emotionally touched, especially the youth who have been portraying the Georgetown Boys for months in the production. The ANCT joined Hamazkayin in a dinner with the performers in the evening. -On Sunday, March 15, 2009, ANCT held a reception at the Armenian Youth Centre just prior to the Georgetown Boys performance. The attendees included The Honourable Jim Karygiannis, MP Scarborough-Agincourt, as well as three descendants of Georgetown Boys: Elsie Grant; Carl Georgian and Robert Adourian. Master of Ceremonies, Raffi Tonikian, thanked all the guests for attending. Prior to the sold-out performance, which was organized by Hamazkayin Toronto, Jim Karygiannis mentioned how the Georgetown Boys constitute an integral part of both Armenian and Canadian history and the existence of their descendants makes the Armenian Genocide even more undeniable. Mr. Karygiannis then presented each descendant with a copy of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms translated in Armenian. -The ANCT attended a meeting with the Premier’s office on Tuesday, March 17, 2009, where various community matters were discussed with high-ranking members of Dalton McGuinty’s staff. -The ANCT attended a meeting with Paul Calandra, MP for Oak RidgesMarkham, on Friday, March 20, 2009. ANCT congratulated Paul on his recent election victory and discussed a number of issues of concern to our community.

Sharis Shahmiryan leads Toronto Star’s winners in design awards During this year’s annual Society for News Design competition, Toronto Star designers and photographers won 14 awards. Designer Sharis Shahmiryan led the way with six awards for feature design. Shahmiryan's haul also includes individual awards for Living and Ideas pages. The 30th annual competition received more than 10,000 entries from around the world and awarded more than 950 design accolades. It's the largest design competition in the newspaper industry. Sharis has graduated from the York University/Sheridan College Joint Program in Design. She started working at The Tor­ onto Star as a summer student, which lead to a full-time position in 2007. Sharis has won international awards from the Society For Newspaper Design for her strong features with newspaper sections that include Fashion, National Report, Ideas and Travel. Sharis won a coveted international award for a body of work in the Portfolio section of the SND in 2008. As well, Sharis has won awards from the Advertising and Design Club of Canada while with the Toronto Star. She is a respected member of the de­ sign staff at the Toronto Star, Canada's largest newspaper. Sharis designed Torontohye’s August 2007 issue (page 18).

The Hamazkayin New Jersey Youth Theatre Group visits Georgetown farmhouse

ANCT members with Paul Calandra

Samples from Sharis’ latest winners: front covers of Toronto Star’s LIVING section

“The concept is to select products to spell out the headline “Mother” for a Mother’s Day theme in the Living Section of The Toronto Star (i.e. M . . . is for Miuccia Prada; H...is for Hermès). Integrated products create a unity with each letter, and makes for a visually pleasing feature front. In addition, the colours of each letter are the main colour of the brand it represents. (i.e. T for Tiffany blue),” explains Sharis.

With "Colour Theory" Sharis presents an inspired Fashion front featuring a Technicolor lineup for the upcoming season’s hottest colour trends. She plays with the idea of the colour wheel, using carefully positioned articles of clothing and accessories to form the wheel shape. The dotted colours above the captions at the bottom correspond to the colours on the wheel for easy navigation.


2009 20¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

ÐúØ-Ç ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ í³ñųñ³ÝÇ Telethon-Á ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ý $320,000 ·áÛ³óáõó Ú³çáÕáõû³Ùµ ³õ³ñï»ó³õ 3 ß³µ³ÃÝ»ñáõ íñ³Û »ñϳñáÕ ÐúØ-Ç ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ ²Ù»Ýûñ»³Û »ñÏñáñ¹³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÇ Telethon-Á£ Telethon-Ç Ú³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÁ áõñ³Ëáõû³Ùµ ÏÁ Û³ÛïÝ¿« ÿ Telethon 2009-Ç ³ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñáõ ³ñ¹ÇõÝùÁ ·áѳóáõóÇã »õ Û³çáÕ ¿£ ÞÝáñÑÇõ Ó»½Ç« ëÇñ»ÉÇ Ñ³Û ÅáÕáíáõñ¹« ·áÛ³óáõóÇÝù ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ýª $320,000£ ²Ûë áõñ³Ë ³éÇÃáí Ù»ñ Ù³ëݳõáñ ßÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ Û³ÛïÝ»Ýù« §Üáñ Ð³Û Ðáñǽáݦ ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ñ»é³ï»ëÇÉÇ å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõïÝûñ¿ÝÇÝ »õ ³ÝÓݳϳ½ÙÇݪ äñÝ© êáõñ¿Ý â¿ùÇ×»³ÝÇÝ« äñÝ© úÝÝÇÏ Ü³½³ñ»³ÝÇÝ« îÇÏÇÝ êÇõ½Ç Ø»ÉÇïáÝ»³ÝÇÝ »õ AYTV-Ç »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñáõÝ£ ÞÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝ Ý³»õ Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ Ù¿ç ·áñÍáÕ µáÉáñ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ« ê© ²ëïáõ³Í³ÍÇÝ ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ Ðá·³µ³ñÓáõû³Ý »õ ÐáíÇõÇÝ Çñ»Ýó ÝÇõÃ³Ï³Ý »õ µ³ñáÛ³Ï³Ý Ý»ñ¹ñáõÙÇÝ áõ ³ç³Ïóáõû³Ý ѳٳñ£ ÞÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝ ÏÁ Û³ÛïÝ»Ýù ٳݳõ³Ý¹ª ÐúØ-Ç ºñÏñáñ¹³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÇ ³ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñáõÝ Çñ»Ýó Ù³ëݳÏóáõû³Ý ѳٳñ« ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ì³ñųñ³ÝÇ áõëáõóã³Ï³Ý ϳ½ÙÇÝ« ïÝûñ¿Ýáõû³Ý »õ í»ñç³å¿ëª ÎñÃ³Ï³Ý Ù³ñÙÝÇÝ« áñ ³Ûë ³ß˳ï³ÝùÁ Ù»½Ç íëï³Ñ»ó³Ý£ ÞÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝ Ù³ëݳõáñ³µ³ñ Ù»ñ ÝáõÇñ³ïáõÝ»ñáõݪ ¹åñáóÇ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñáõÝ« ·áñͳï¿ñ»ñáõÝ« ¹åñáóÇ µ³ñ»Ï³ÙÝ»ñáõÝ« ÍÝáÕÝ»ñáõÝ »õ ݳËÏÇÝ ÍÝáÕÝ»ñáõÝ« ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ݳٳϳï³ñáí »õ Telethon-áí Ù»ñ ÏáãÇÝ Áݹ³é³çáÕÝ»ñáõÝ« áñáÝù ѳϳé³Ï ѳٳß˳ñѳÛÇÝ ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý ﳷݳåÇÝ« Û³çáÕóáõóÇÝ Telethon 2009-Á£ Telethon 2009-Ç ëï»ÕÍ³Í Ë³Ý¹³í³é ÙÃÝáÉáñïÇÝ Ù¿ç« Ùdzëݳµ³ñ« г۳ëï³ÝÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõû³Ý ê÷ÇõéùÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñÇÝ »õ ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ ù³Õ³ù³óÇáõû³Ý »õ ·³ÕóϳÝáõû³Ý ݳ˳ñ³ñÇÝ Ý»ñϳÛáõû³Ùµ Ýß»óÇÝù ݳ»õ Ù»ñ ëÇñ»ÉÇ ì³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ 30-³Ù»³ÏÁ£ ÎñÏÇ°Ý« ÁݹáõÝ»ó¿ù Ù»ñ ËáñÇÝ ßÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ« Telethon 2009Ç Ó»ñ ÝáõÇñ³ïáõáõû³Ý »õ ù³ç³É»ñ³ÝùÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ£ Æ ¹ÇÙ³ó Telethon 2009-Ç Ú³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇ` ²ï»Ý³å»ïáõÑÇ Ü³ÛÇñÇ Þ³ÑÇÝ»³Ý

¶ñ»ó¿ù Ù»½Ç §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ Çñ ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñ¿Ý ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ËÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý áõÕÕáõ³Í ϳñÍÇùÝ»ñ ÏÁ ëï³Ý³Û Ù»ù»Ý³·ñáõ³Í »õ áõÕÕáõ³Í Ñ»ï»õ»³É »É»ÏïñáÝÇù ѳëó¿Çݪ Email: torontohye@gmail.com

Thank you for your generous donation and support.

Board of Trustees and Administration

telethon donors List Abrahamian Berj 100, Abrahamian Vigen & Alis 100, Adourian Bob & Sylvia 250, Adrouni Harout & Jenny 500, Agnerian Hrayr 200, Agopian Dirouhi & Kevork 200, Agopian Haig & Chouchan 100, Aharonian Vicken 500, Aintablian Vartkes & Arsho 50, Ajamian Viken & Arpi 2,000, Ajemian Jimmy & Arsho 100, Alajajian Kevork & Shake 100, Ampagoumian Haig Markville Toyota 200, Ampagoumian Manoug & Marie 100, Andelian Kevork & Araxy 150, Andonian Kevork & Lilit 300, Arakelian Mher & Nairi 500, Armavil Romik 100, Armen Aram & Nairy 50, Armenian Missionary Association 200, Armoyan George & Sime 1,000, Arslanyan Agop & Agavni 150, Artinian Sona 200, Artinian Sonia 1,000, Arzoumanian Svedlana 50, Aslanian Hagop & Aghavni 150, Asparian Hagop & Bayzar 100, Asparian Shemavon & Nanette 100, Assadourian Assadour & Antoinette 100, Assadourian Diran & Jenny 100, Assadourian Siranoush 50, Assaturian Vigen & Emma 100, Atikian Berge & Dolly 30, Atikian Hagop & Arsho 100, Atikian Nareen 50, Avakian Sassoun & Nairi 150, Avakian Vrej & Arpi 100, Avanesi Alfred & Maria 100, Ayancian Dr. Hasmig 500, Ayancian Dr. Raffi 250, Ayntabli Adour & Rouzane 100, Ayvazyan Edmond 250, Ayvazyan Harry & Asdghik 250, Babian Kaloust & Hasmig 500, Babouchian Souren & Silva 200, Baboujian Roupen 20, Badiguian Tanya 100, Baghdasarian Anjel 60, Baklarian Khoren 200, Bakmazian Haigouhi 50, Balian John 200, Balouzian Ara & Nairi 1,000, Baravyan Madlen & Haig 100, Baronian Alice 100, Barsanyan Karen 100, Basmadjian Barkev 200, Batikian Artour & Tatevik 100, Bederian Jake (Hagop) 200, Bedrosian Robin & Karine 100, Behesnilian Eddy & Diana 500, Bekmezian Mego & Zarmen 200, Bekmezian Raffy & Ani / Santoro Construction 1,000, Bekmezian Tavit 100, Belaoujian Nercess & Keghanoush 100, Berberian Norair & Sylva 400, Bezjian Araxi 20, Boghossian Armen 100, Boghossian Harout & Hasmik 150, Boghossian Mike & Sylva 200, Boudakian Hagop & Loucin 200, Boujoukian Karnik & Sona 50, Boutros Bedros & Anahid 100, Boyadjian Marie 100, Boyrazian Dr. Hagop & Nelly 1,000, Cancig Shahe & Varteni 50, Chahenian Mgo 100, Chamelian Vahakn & Astrid 100, Chatalian Nazar 100, Chitilian Artin & Eliza 1,000, Chitilian Dr. Hovig USD 500 , Chitilian Nerses & Wendy 2,000, Chitilian Varouj & Caroline 200, Chobanian Nora and Oshin 500, Crook David & Garine 200, D. Shahe 20, Dabbaghian Nazareth 100, Dabbaghian Sarkis & Anahid 1,000, Darakjian Marie 100, Darakjian Misag & Shoghig 100, Darakjian Yeghish & Tania 100, Davitjan Marianne 100, Dean Maggie 200, Demirdjian Joseph 100, Demirjian Boghos & Anahid 100, Der Bedrossian John & Ani 400, DerBedrossian Paul & Vartouhi 100, DerBedrossian Tony / A& D Precision 1,000, DerBoghossian Raffi & Marina 250, Derderian Hourig 200, Derderian Matios & Maro 400, DerHagopian Hagop & Karin 200, DerHaroutunian Saro & Stefanie 500, DerHovagimian Katia 50, Dermen Simpat & Aida 500, Derohan Jora & Melina 200, DerOhanesian Vartan & Sonia 200, Dervartanian Haroutioun & Jorjette 150, Dervichian Zareh & Vrejouhi 100, Donabedian Levon 200, Doniguian Donig 500, Dorna George & Marina 100, Elmadaani Jacquerine & Teni 75, Farkosian Melkon & Sousi 200, Farkoussian Moses & Rita 200, Farra Berj & Roubina 500, Farra George & Sona 200, Fermanian Levon & Marlyn 200, Frankian Anoush 100, Frankian Raffi 100, Frankian Vartan & Aida 1,000, Friend of the School 1,000, Friend of the School 2,000, Friend of the School 1,000, Friend of the School 300, Friend of the School 1,000, Friend of the School 100, Friend of the School 100, Friend of the School 500, Gabrielian Armen & Maral 150, Galustian Mariam 100, Galustians Hagop & Anna 5,000, Gaprielian Raffi & Liza 100, Garabedian Ani 100, Garboushian Hagop & Koharig 400, Georgy George & Marie-Berge 100, Geuvdjelian Nouritza 200, Ghanaghounian Razmik 100, Ghazalian Rafi & Mary 50, Ghazarian Noushig 200, Ghazarian Serop & Kouharik 100, Ghorgorian Dikran & katia / Medicine Shoppe 500, Goren Haig 1,000, Gosdanian Anie 150, Gosdanian Levon & Maral 100, Gulesserian Arsen & Arsho 150, Hacherian Mihran & Victoria 250, Hacherian Nirva 100, Hackelberg Reinhard & Nadia 100, Hadidian Bernard 100, Hagopian Art & Sylvia 300, Hagopian Dikran & Lena 200, Hagopian Kevork & Araxie / Komitas Corporation 250, Hagopian Vache 50, Hakimian Arek 100, Hamboyan Sarkis 200, Hanimian Jirayr & Diana 350, Hannikian Sarkis & Tania 50, Hartounians Lia 50, Hasratian Daniel & karine 500, Hasserjian Ara 200, Hasserjian Karnig 200, Hasserjian Levon & Dr. Ani 4,000, Hasserjian Simon & Maral 5,000, Hasserjian Zarouhi 200, Hekimian Verjin 50, Hotoyan Krikor & Shake 200, Hotoyan-Joly Ani 2,500, Hovespian, Satenig, Hagop & Shant 50, Isnar Aram & Tili 1,000, Isnar Karabet & Seda 100, Jabrayan Hratch 200, Janbazian Hagop, Juliet & Rupen 1,000, Janbazian Lori & Sarkissian Zohrab 200, Jebelian Varouj & Sita 200, Jelderian Haig & Anahid 100, Jizmejian Mihran 100, Jizmejian Siran 50, Joly Christopher 100, Joly Helen 300, Joly Stephen 100, Kababedjian Gilda 100, Kababedjian Sara 200, Kababejian Loucine 100, Kababejian Shahe & Sona 100, Kabrielian Kabriel & Nazik 100, Kakousian Jack & Zela 200, Kaljian Vazken 500, Kaloustian Kayanee 100, Kaltagian Harout & Suzy 200, Kandaharian Hovsep & Seda 100, Kaprielian Shoghig 100, Karabulut Laura 200, Karabulut Mark Haig 200, Karadjian Shiraz & Ani 150, Karagos Toros & Lenchi 100, Karakas Linda 200, Karakashian Moushegh 100, Karakian Berjouhi 50, Karshafian Khachig & Sevan 500, Kasbarian Vartan & Silva 200, Kassab Kevork 300, Kassabian Armen & Sona 200, Kassabian Danny 50, Kassabian Harout & Seta 250, Kassabian Vahe & Roubina 200, Kassardjian Hagop & Hrip 300, Kavazandjian Dr. Hratch, Knar, Carla & Christine 1,000, Kazarian Joe 500, Kbabji Maryana 50, Kebabejian Garo 500, Kehyayan Vahe 500, Kelebozian Raffy 50, Kelebozian Sako 145, Kelebozian Vatche & Taline 205, Kelledjian Haig & Yeran 100, Keoshkerian Arpi 500, Kerbabian Anoush 40, Kerjikian Ara & Nairi 500, Kerjikian Avedis & Araxie 500, Keshishi Edik 100, Keskin Sona 20, Keskinian Ari 150, Keskinian Daron 60, Kestane Nadia / Kestane Jewellery 200, Keuhnelian Garen & Salpi 100, Keushkerian Levon & Suzanne 200, Kevorkian Mary / In Memory of Kevorkian Nerces 200, Khachikian Alice 100, Khachikian Narbeh & Angie 100, Khanzoghian Zabelle 120, Kharlakian Berj & Hasmig 200, Kharnoulian Agop & Tsoline 100, Kharshafdjian Dikran & Haigouhi 500, Khatchadourian Anto & Silva 300, Kibourian Valentine Sara 250, Kichian Varant / Mega City Towing 200, Kiljian Garo 50, Koja-Oghlanian Varoujan & Maritha 200, Kolandjian Avedis & Angellle 1,000, Kololian Christopher 250, Kololian Family 4,750, Konialian Jean & Nevart 100, Kouyoumdjian Seta 50, Krikorian Armen & Maral 250, Krikorian Christine 200, Krikorian Dr. Garry 1,000, Krikorian Edward & Harriet 100, Krikorian Greg & Annie 500, Krikorian Natalie 200, Krikorian Sylva 50, Krikorian Varouj 100, Lin Maral N. 100, Madenian Harout 50, Mahdessian Azadouhie 25, Mahdessian Vahan & Arda 200, Manoukian Andre & Randa 200, Manoukian Armen & Lily 200, Manoukian Natalie 100, Mardirossian Garabed 50, Marsim Varant & Tamar 500, Martirossian Armen & Houry 5,000, Masbanajian Hrair & Seta 100, Mavlian Varouj & Laura 100, Maydossian Christine 50, Maydossian Toros 50, McDonald Kim 20, Meghdessian Hagop, Diki & Armen 1,500, Melidonian Hovig & Suzy 200, Mentcherian Haroutioun 100, Merjanian Dr. Garbis & Shake 250, Mesrkhani Serjik & Zeynalvand Diana 100, Mikaelian Serko & Adriana 1,000, Mikaelian Sirvart 50, Mikirditsian Garen & Sanan 100, Minasoglu Kevork 200, Mirakian Apkar & Sona 600, Mirakian Shahen 1,000, Mksyartinian Apraham & Ossig 1,000, Mksyartinian Hagop 200, Mnatzakanian Dr. Gevork & Dr. Nastia 100, Moghaddam Massis Mooses 100, Momdjian Hovig 500, Mouradian Aram 100, Movel Alex 100, Movel Teny 100, Movel William & Anahid 200, Mumedjian John & Julia 100, Najarian Arakel 100, Najarian Kevork & Susan 300, Najarian Stepan & Houri 500, Najarian Tamar 100, Najarian Vartkes 200, Nakhnikian Vazken & Carol 1,000, Nalbandian Maral & Ara 100, Nekrourian Setta 100, Nercessian Lucine 100, Nerses and Sona Fesdekjian / Orton Park Pharmacy 1,000, Nersesian Tony & Mayda 500, Ohanessian Ohannes & Youghaber 100, Ohanian Baghdig & Sylvie 100, Ohanian Gary 20, Orfalian Eddy & Alice 200, Ortslan Family (Anna & Garen) 200, Pailian Silva 200, Pamboukian Ben & Marie 250, Panman Jan & Salpi 50, Parmaksezian Armine 100, Perez-Yousefian Horacio & Dr. Nver 500, Petrosyan Gohar 100, Proudian Nazareth & Zarouhi 50, Raffy Daghlian RBC Wealth Management 1,000, Raymond Kevork 1,000, Sabounji Hagop & Pam 1,000, Sabounjian Noubar 25, Safarian Kima 100, Sagharian Shahe & Susan 300, Sagherian Nora & Aren 200, Sahazizian AnneMarie 100, Saraphanian Markar & Eliz 600, Saraphanian Vazrig 300, Saraphanian Antranig & Hasmig 100, Sarkhanian John & Lisa 300, Sarkissian Garo 100, Sarkissian Hagop 300, Sarkissian Janet 500, Sarkissian Raffi 150, Sarkissian Sarkis 100, Sarkissian Varouj & Sidona 500, Sarkissian Vatsenik 100, Sarkissian Zaven & Varsenig 3,000, Sarmazian Ohanes 200, Satourians-Araghi Teni 500, Schultz Helen 100, Sekdorjian Yervant & Nora 1,000, Seropian Nora 30, Sevadjian Anahid 100, Shahinain Raffi 100, Shahinian Hrair & Arda 1,000, Shahinian Hrair & Chris 1,000, Shahinian Joseph & Sona 250, Shahinian Krikor 100, Shahinian Raffi & Carla 300, Shahinian Yervant & Nairy 1,000, Shahmirian Sharis 100, Shahverdian Anastas 50, Shaverdi Minas & Noura 300, Shehirian Knarig 100, Shehirian Manuel 150, Shnorokian Joseph & Sonja 250, Simonian Berdjouhi 50, Sismanoglu Nisan 50, Solakian Dikran & Arshalous 300, Sorfazlian Greg & Silva 300, Spiteri Ray & Taline 200, Special T Catering and Friends 600, Stepanian Vilen 200, Stepanyan Ruben 25, Sumbulian Yeghia 250, Tabrizi Sahag & Astghig 200, Tachdjian Alice 100, Tachdjian Hagop & Seta 500, Tachdjian Vahe & Alice 1,000, Tafadjian Asdeghik 50, Takvorian Diane 200, Tarpinian Ziwart 100, Tarzi Gilbert & Penna 200, Tashedjian Takouhi 50, Tashjian Nigoghos 100, Tatarian Marie 100, Tatikian Zohrab & Dr. Nadia 2,000, Tchakmakian Lena & Haygouhi 100, Tcherkezian John 300, Telemi Iren 250, Telian A & V 100, Telian Loucine 200, Tendjoukian Hagop & Takouhi 500, Ternamian Dr. Jirayr & Eky 5,000, Tersakian Sona 150, Terzian Vasken & Lucy 1,000, Tffadjian Asdeghik 50, Titizian Akhbir 100, Titizian Antranig & Hayganoush 200, Titizian Hrair & Taline 100, Titizian Manas & Baydzar 1,000, Titizian Razmig 100, Titizian Vrej & Sossi 200, Tokmak Verjine 250, Tomarci Garbis & Vartuhi 500, Tonbazian Margueritte & Roubina 50, Toodakian Hovig & Nairy 100, Topjian Lara 50, Torikian Armineh 100, Torikian Rupen & Prlanti 500, Torossian Hagop & Hermine 300, Torossian Toros 25, Toufenkjian Arshak 200, Tozcu Hacik & Kohar 100, Tuntoglu Shayen 50, Vartanian Puzant & Flora 200, Veale Roger 100, Verrelli Garine 100, Viveiros Anneliese 500, Yacoubian Sarkis 2,500, Yeghoyan Garo & Azniv 250, Yeghoyan Sevag 100, Yeghyayan Haroutioun 100, Zadikian Mariam 25, Zakarian Arshaloise, Arda & Haig 300, Zakarian Garabet & Yeghisapet 50, Zakarian Kaizak & Armic 50, Zakarian Sisters 100, Zakarian Vrej & Satenig 100, Zarokian Chahe & Hasmig 300, Zarokian Krikor & Anouk 200, Zaroukian Vartouhi 50, Zebeljian Dan 20, Zenian Raffi & Saro 100, Zeytounzian Haigouhie 100, Zorian Sako & Marcelle 500, Zoviguian Steve Setrag 100, , , , Alleen's Window & Wall Coverings , 1,000, Babylon Florist & Bakery 1,000, Diplock Flooring 1,000, Empress Banquet Hall 100, H.V.N. Collision Centre 1,500, MDF Mechanical 1,000, Media Distributors Canada Inc. 1,500, Sarkis & Seta Balian / Cassandra Pharmacy & Health Centre 5,000, Selyan's Flooring & Interiors 2,000, Servocraft Limited, Electrical & Mechanical Contractors & Engineers 1,000, Sora Contractors Ltd. 1,000, Telus 5,000, York Cemetery and The Simple Alternative Funeral Centers / Talar Yardemian 3,000, RS Kane Funeral Home 1,000 , ACC Seniors 5,000, Armenian Endowment Fund 40,000, ARS Canada Inc. 10,000, ARS Roubina Chapter 43,000, Babayan Foundation 7,000, Hamazkayin Toronto 1,000, HMEM Toronto 4,000, Parent's Committee 35,000, St. Mary's Church 5,000 ,


21

TORONTO ARMENIANS

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

A Run To Remember Every year the Armenian Community of Toronto participates in Canada’s biggest athletic event- the Toronto Waterfront Marathon- under the banner “A Run To Remember. Here’s our interview with one of the organizers, Sam Manougian, about this year’s event that attracts more than 17,000 people.

-Where can I get more information? -You can contact either me, Sam Manougian, by email: sam.manougian@sympatico.ca or by phone at (416) 7352884 or contact any member of our committee. You can also see the “Contact Us” section on our website:www.aruntoremember.org. Our website is currently being updated to reflect this year’s information. There will be much more information available in the weeks ahead.

î

²

ð²

ASI photo

-Why have you started to plan early and how is this year’s event going to be different than last year’s? -This year “A Run To Remember” will be a huge Mega Event in our community. It will be one of the largest

-Can anyone participate? What do they need to do? -Anyone who is able to walk can participate. Last year the youngest member of “A Run To Remember” team was 9 years old and our most senior member was 77 years old. You need to complete our registration form to participate.

ܲβ Ü º

º

-When does it take place? -The Toronto Waterfront marathon is on Sunday, September 27.

-If I would like to honour and remember someone in my family who has passed away and run or walk for his or her memory, is it possible? -Yes, this year we are making it possible for any family to honour a loved one by posting their picture and story on our website.

κ

²ô

-Is this only an athletic event? What are the objectives of “A Run To Remember”? -“A Run To Remember” has 3 main objectives. The first objective of “A Run To Remember” is to honour and remember all individuals who have contributed to the Armenian Community of Toronto and who have had a very positive impact on our lives. Although, these individuals have passed away and are no longer with us, we would like to tell them “We remember you and you will always be in our hearts. We are doing this for you”. The second objective of “A Run To Remember” is that it gives us an opportunity to give something back and to help in the fund-raising efforts of several worthwhile charities. This year the charities include Children’s Wish Foundation, Sick Kids Hospital, “Hayastan” All Armenia Fund and ARS Day School to mention a few. The third objective of “A Run To Remember” is to promote health within our community through a more active lifestyle. By engaging in a regular healthy physical activity (walking or running) several times a week, we will improve our health: cholesterol levels, high-blood pressure, diabetes, and maybe even lose a few pounds in the process.

events held in our community and will be jointly organized by the following organizations: Soghomon Tehlirian gomide, Armenian National Committee of Toronto (Hai Tad), Homenetmen Toronto, Hamazkayin Klatzor Chapter, Armenian Relief Society Rubina Chapter, A.R.F.Y.O.C. Simon Zavarian Chapter, A.R.F.J.O.C., ACC Seniors, St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church and A.R.S. Day School. Participation in this event will be the members of all these organizations as well as the entire Armenian Community of Toronto. This year we are also honouring the memories of the 1.5 million Armenians who perished in the Armenian Genocide in 1915. Every Armenian has lost at least one family member during the Genocide. This is an opportunity for all of us to honour their memory and say “We Remember and we will Never Forget”.

ÔºòÆ

вÚ

-What is “A Run To Remember”? -“A Run To Remember” is an event where the Armenian Community of Toronto participates in the Toronto Waterfront Marathon as one of their official charities. 17,000 people participate in the Toronto Waterfront Marathon. The events are: 5 Km. Walk, 5 Km. Run, Half Marathon (21 Km.), Full Marathon (42 Km.)

1960

Âà ðàÜÂú

²õ»ï³ñ³Ýã³Ï³Ý гݹÇåáõÙÝ»ñ øñÇëïáëÇ ³Ýí»Ñ»ñ íϳÛÇ ÙÁ Ñ»ï

ì»ñ. ¶ñÇ·áñ ²Õ³å³ÉûÕÉáõ (ÆëóÝåáõÉ¿Ý)

²ëïáõÍáÛ ³Ûë ù³ç ͳé³Ý ͳÝûà ¿ Ù»½Çª

Âñù³Ï³Ý Ñ»é³ï»ëÇÉÇ íñ³Û Çñ ϳï³ñ³Í Ëǽ³Ë ³ñï³Û³ÛïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ гÛÏ³Ï³Ý ó»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ³éÝãáõû³Ùµ Þ³µ³Ã 25 ²åñÇÉ 2009 ºñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ųÙÁ 7:00-ÇÝ ÎÇñ³ÏÇ 26 ²åñÇÉ 2009 ºñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ųÙÁ 7:00-ÇÝ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û ²õ»ï³ñ³Ý³Ï³Ý ºÏ»Õ»óÇÇ Ù¿ç: 2600, 14-th Avenue, Markham Ontario

Ðñ³õÇñáõ³Í ¿ ÂáñáÝÃáѳÛáõÃÇõÝÁ


2009 22 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

US Congressmen Introduce Bipartisan Armenian Genocide Resolution

Legislation calling on the U.S. President to properly recognize the Armenian Genocide was introduced on March 17 in the U.S. House of Representatives, two weeks before Presi­ dent Obama’s April 5th trip to Turkey and roughly a month before the White House’s annual April 24th commemoration of this crime against humanity, reported the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA). The measure, H.Res.252, is spearheaded by lead sponsors, Adam Schiff (D-CA) and George Radanovich (R-CA) and Congres­ sional Armenian Caucus Co-Chairs Frank Pallone (D-NJ) and Mark Kirk (R-IL), and cosponsored by over 70 House colleagues. The resolution is identical to the one intro­ duced in both the House and Senate in the 110th Congress, which was adopted by the House Foreign Affairs Committee, over in­ tense pressure from the Turkish Government and Bush Administration, and publicly en­ dorsed by then-candidate for President Barack Obama, his Vice President Joe Biden, and current Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. “Armenians in the U.S. and around the world thank Adam Schiff, George Radanovich, Frank Pallone and Mark Kirk for leading Congressional efforts toward U.S. recognition of the Armenian Genocide,” said Aram Ham­ parian, Executive Director of the ANCA. “The election of Barack Obama, who has spoken repeatedly, forcefully, and with great clarity about the need for American recognition of the Armenian Genocide, marked a truly welcome break from the flawed policies of the past on this score. We look, in the coming days and weeks, for the President to honor his pledge, to fully support this legislation, and to raise the discourse in Washington, DC on the Armenian Genocide from level of Turkey’s threats and denials up to the level of the core moral and humanitarian values of the American people.” Later Hamparian told the Los Angeles Times that President Obama "is a man of his word and has been crystal clear on the issue."

US Congress in session In the days leading up to the introduction of the Armenian Genocide Resolution, Representatives Schiff, Radanovich, Pallone and Kirk sent a letter to President Obama urging him to end the complicity of past Admin­ istrations in Turkey’s genocide denial by properly charac­ terizing the Armenian Genocide. That sentiment was reiterated by the International Association of Genocide Scholars, in a March 7th letter sent to President Obama. The resolution comes six-weeks prior to April 24th, the worldwide commemoration of the Armenian Genocide. U.S. Presidents have marked the annihilation of 1.5 million Armenians from 1915-1923 by the Ottoman Turkish government every year since 1994, though have refrained from the proper characterization of this crime under threats and pressure from the Turkish government. “There is going to be heavy focus on encouraging President Obama to make a strong statement of recognition on April 24, because it will be important in setting the tone of the discussions on the Armenian Genocide Reso­ lution in Congress,” Schiff told Armenian Weekly Editor

Khatchig Mouradian. “The Turkish lobby will be spending millions — like they did in past years. They will also argue that the recognition of the genocide will cut off reconciliation between Armenia and Turkey, and that this is not the right time. The truth is, after 94 years, if this is not the right time, I don’t know when that right time can be.” While Radanovich said “President Obama made a clear promise to the Armenian community during his campaign and to do anything short of properly recognizing the Armenian Genocide as such would be a direct slap in the face to Armenians around the world.” Congress prepared to introduce the Armenian Genocide Resolution, thousands of Armenian American activists contacted their legislators through phone, mail and the ANCA WebFax system urging them to become early cosponsors of the legislation. The Armenian Genocide legislation is ex­ pected to the referred to the House Foreign Affairs Committee. White House position Since both the Administration and Congress are now controlled by the same party, progress in Congress is likely to depend to a greater degree on the position of the White House. President Obama has not spoken out on the issue since his election. In policy language similar to the Bush Administration's, President Obama's spokesperson Mike Hammer told The Associated Press on March 13 and the Los Angeles Times on March 17, "At this moment, our focus is on how, moving forward, the United States can help Armenia and Turkey work together to come to terms with the past." Hammer added that the Obama Administration was "encouraged" by recent Armenia-Turkey talks, saying it was "important that the countries have an open and honest dialogue about the past.”

The text of the letter from four members of Congress to President Barack Obama.

George Radanovich

Adam Schiff

March 10, 2009 President Barack Obama The White House 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, D.C. 20500 Dear Mr. President, As we approach the upcoming 94th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide on April 24, we want to thank you for the courage you have always shown in characterizing properly the slaughter of 1.5 million Armenians from 1915-1923 as genocide. No president in the postwar era has come into office with a stronger understanding of the historic facts of the genocide, or with a greater track record of speaking plainly on this terrible chapter in the past. As a United States Senator, your record on the Armenian Genocide was clear and unequivocal. In 2005 and 2006 you joined many of your colleagues in asking President Bush to refer to the slaughter of Armenians as genocide, noting that "[i]t is in the best interests of our nation and the entire global community to remember the past and learn from these crimes against humanity to ensure that they are never repeated." In 2006 you wrote to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in the wake of the recall from Yerevan of Ambassador John Evans for using the term "genocide" to describe the events of 1915-23. In your letter you described the official U.S. position on the genocide as "untenable" and reminded the Secretary that "the occurrence of the Armenian genocide in 1915 is not an ‘allegation,' a ‘personal opinion,' or a ‘point of view.' Supported by overwhelming evidence, it is a widely documented fact." In questions submitted to Ambassador-designate Marie Yovanovitch last year, you pressed her on the issue of genocide recognition, specifically asking her what steps she would take to recognize the genocide and what actions the Department of State was undertaking to press for Turkish recognition of the crimes committed by their Ottoman forebears. Last April, in a statement printed in the Congressional Record, you pledged to "continue to push for the acknowledgement of the Armenian genocide." As a presidential candidate, you were also forthright in discussing your support for genocide recognition, saying that "America deserves a leader who speaks truthfully about the Armenian Genocide and responds forcefully to all genocides." We agree

Frank Pallone

Mark Steven Kirk

with you completely. During your upcoming trip to Turkey and in discussions with your advisors over how to commemorate the events of 1915-23, you will doubtless be counseled by some to continue the practice of avoiding the truth in favor of short-term political expediency. We do not minimize Ankara's threats of adverse action when you recognize the genocide, or when Congress takes action to formally recognize the genocide, but we believe that our alliance is strong enough to withstand the truth. Elie Wiesel has described the denial of genocide as the final stage of genocide - a double killing. Sadly, our nation's foreign policy has, for too long, abetted this denial. As you told Secretary Rice in your letter about the sacking of Ambassador Evans, "when State Department instructions are such that an ambassador must engage in strained reasoning - or even outright falsehood - that defies a common sense interpretation of events in order to follow orders, then it is time to revisit the State Department's policy guidance on that issue." Mr. President, you have demonstrated time and again your understanding of the importance to Armenian-Americans of formal American recognition of the crime that was committed against their parents, grandparents and great-grandparents. Their pain is not unlike that of American Jews, who live each day with the memory of the Holocaust, and African-Americans, whose view of themselves has been colored by the legacy of slavery and Jim Crow. But, of course, the importance of speaking unequivocally about a matter as grave as genocide is a human rights imperative affecting us all. Whether it is today's Sudanese government or yesterday's Ottoman Empire, the perpetrators of genocide, as well as the victims, must know that the United States will not shrink from confronting the truth. Sincerely, ADAM B. SCHIFF Member of Congress GEORGE RADANOVICH Member of Congress FRANK PALLONE, JR. Member of Congress MARK STEVEN KIRK Member of Congress


23

ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide HOUSE RESOLUTION 252

Calling upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide , and for other purposes. Resolved,

SECTION 1

This resolution may be cited as the `Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution'.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS

The House of Representatives finds the following: (1) The Armenian Genocide was conceived and carried out by the Ottoman Empire from 1915 to 1923, resulting in the deportation of nearly 2,000,000 Armenians, of whom 1,500,000 men, women, and children were killed, 500,000 survivors were expelled from their homes, and which succeeded in the elimination of the over 2,500year presence of Armenians in their historic homeland. (2) On May 24, 1915, the Allied Powers, England, France, and Russia, jointly issued a statement explicitly charging for the first time ever another government of committing `a crime against humanity'. (3) This joint statement stated `the Allied Governments announce publicly to the Sublime Porte that they will hold personally responsible for these crimes all members of the Ottoman Government, as well as those of their agents who are implicated in such massacres'. (4) The post-World War I Turkish Government indicted the top leaders involved in the `organization and execution' of the Armenian Genocide and in the `massacre and destruction of the Armenians'. (5) In a series of courts-martial, officials of the Young Turk Regime were tried and convicted, as charged, for organizing and executing massacres against the Armenian people. (6) The chief organizers of the Armenian Genocide , Minister of War Enver, Minister of the Interior Talaat, and Minister of the Navy Jemal were all condemned to death for their crimes, however, the verdicts of the courts were not enforced. (7) The Armenian Genocide and these domestic judicial failures are documented with overwhelming evidence in the national archives of Austria, France, Germany, Great Britain, Russia, the United States, the Vatican and many other countries, and this vast body of evidence attests to the same facts, the same events, and the same consequences. (8) The United States National Archives and Record Administration holds extensive and thorough documentation on the Armenian Genocide , especially in its holdings under Record Group 59 of the United States Department of State, files 867.00 and 867.40, which are open and widely available to the public and interested institutions. (9) The Honorable Henry Morgenthau, United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1913 to 1916, organized and led protests by officials of many countries, among them the allies of the Ottoman Empire, against the Armenian Genocide . (10) Ambassador Morgenthau explicitly described to the United States Department of State the policy of the Government of the Ottoman Empire as `a campaign of race extermination,' and was instructed on July 16, 1915, by United States Secretary of State Robert Lansing that the `Department approves your procedure . . . to stop Armenian persecution'. (11) Senate Concurrent Resolution 12 of February 9, 1916, resolved that `the President of the United States be respectfully asked to designate a day on which the citizens of this country may give expression to their sympathy by contributing funds now being raised for the relief of the Armenians', who at the time were enduring `starvation, disease, and untold suffering'. (12) President Woodrow Wilson concurred and also encouraged the formation of the organization known as Near East Relief, chartered by an Act of Congress, which contributed some $116,000,000 from 1915 to 1930 to aid Armenian Genocide survivors, including 132,000 orphans who became foster children of the American people. (13) Senate Resolution 359, dated May 11, 1920, stated in part, `the testimony adduced at the hearings conducted by the sub-committee of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations have clearly established the truth of the reported massacres and other atrocities from which the Armenian people have suffered'. (14) The resolution followed the April 13, 1920, report to the Senate of the American Military Mission to Armenia led by General James Harbord, that stated `[m]utilation, violation, torture, and death have left their haunting memories in a hundred beautiful Armenian valleys, and the traveler in that region is seldom free from the evidence of this most colossal crime of all the ages'. (15) As displayed in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Adolf Hitler, on ordering his military commanders to attack Poland without provocation in 1939, dismissed objections by saying `[w]ho, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?' and thus set the stage for the Holocaust. (16) Raphael Lemkin, who coined the term `genocide' in 1944, and who was the earliest proponent of the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide , invoked the Armenian case as a definitive example of genocide in the 20th century. (17) The first resolution on genocide adopted by the United Nations at Lemkin's urging, the December 11, 1946, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 96(1) and the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide itself recognized the Armenian Genocide as the type of crime the United Nations

"The Armenian genocide is not an allegation, a personal opinion, or a point of view, but rather a widely documented fact supported by an overwhelming body of historical evidence." Barack Obama in a statement on his campaign Website, January 2008

intended to prevent and punish by codifying existing standards. (18) In 1948, the United Nations War Crimes Commission invoked the Armenian Genocide `precisely . . . one of the types of acts which the modern term `crimes against humanity' is intended to cover' as a precedent for the Nuremberg tribunals. (19) The Commission stated that `[t]he provisions of Article 230 of the Peace Treaty of Sevres were obviously intended to cover, in conformity with the Allied note of 1915 . . ., offenses which had been committed on Turkish territory against persons of Turkish citizenship, though of Armenian or Greek race. This article constitutes therefore a precedent for Article 6c and 5c of the Nuremberg and Tokyo Charters, and offers an example of one of the categories of `crimes against humanity' as understood by these enactments'. (20) House Joint Resolution 148, adopted on April 8, 1975, resolved: `[t]hat April 24, 1975, is hereby designated as `National Day of Remembrance of Man's Inhumanity to Man', and the President of the United States is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the people of the United States to observe such day as a day of remembrance for all the victims of genocide , especially those of Armenian ancestry . . .'. (21) President Ronald Reagan in proclamation number 4838, dated April 22, 1981, stated in part `like the genocide of the Armenians before it, and the genocide of the Cambodians, which followed it - and like too many other persecutions of too many other people - the lessons of the Holocaust must never be forgotten'. (22) House Joint Resolution 247, adopted on September 10, 1984, resolved: `[t]hat April 24, 1985, is hereby designated as `National Day of Remembrance of Man's Inhumanity to Man', and the President of the United States is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the people of the United States to observe such day as a day of remembrance for all the victims of genocide , especially the one and one-half million people of Armenian ancestry . . .'. (23) In August 1985, after extensive study and deliberation, the United Nations SubCommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities voted 14 to 1 to accept a report entitled `Study of the Question of the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide ,' which stated `[t]he Nazi aberration has unfortunately not been the only case of genocide in the 20th century. Among other examples which can be cited as qualifying are . . . the Ottoman massacre of Armenians in 1915-1916'. (24) This report also explained that `[a]t least 1,000,000, and possibly well over half of the Armenian population, are reliably estimated to have been killed or death marched by independent authorities and eye-witnesses. This is corroborated by reports in United States, German and British archives and of contemporary diplomats in the Ottoman Empire, including those of its ally Germany.'. (25) The United States Holocaust Memorial Council, an independent Federal agency, unanimously resolved on April 30, 1981, that the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum would include the Armenian Genocide in the Museum and has since done so. (26) Reviewing an aberrant 1982 expression (later retracted) by the United States Department of State asserting that the facts of the Armenian Genocide may be ambiguous, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1993, after a review of documents pertaining to the policy record of the United States, noted that the assertion on ambiguity in the United States record about the Armenian Genocide `contradicted longstanding United States policy and was eventually retracted'. (27) On June 5, 1996, the House of Representatives adopted an amendment to House Bill 3540 (the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1997) to reduce aid to Turkey by $3,000,000 (an estimate of its payment of lobbying fees in the United States) until the Turkish Government acknowledged the Armenian Genocide and took steps to honor the memory of its victims. (28) President William Jefferson Clinton, on April 24, 1998, stated: `This year, as in the past, we join with Armenian -Americans throughout the nation in commemorating one of the saddest chapters in the history of this century, the deportations and massacres of a million and a half Armenians in the Ottoman Empire in the years 1915-1923.'. (29) President George W. Bush, on April 24, 2004, stated: `On this day, we pause in remembrance of one of the most horrible tragedies of the 20th century, the annihilation of as many as 1,500,000 Armenians through forced exile and murder at the end of the Ottoman Empire.'. (30) Despite the international recognition and affirmation of the Armenian Genocide , the failure of the domestic and international authorities to punish those responsible for the Armenian Genocide is a reason why similar genocides have recurred and may recur in the future, and that a just resolution will help prevent future genocides.

SEC. 3. DECLARATION OF POLICY

The House of Representatives(1) calls upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide and the consequences of the failure to realize a just resolution; and (2) calls upon the President in the President's annual message commemorating the Armenian Genocide issued on or about April 24, to accurately characterize the systematic and deliberate annihilation of 1,500,000 Armenians as genocide and to recall the proud history of United States intervention in opposition to the Armenian Genocide .

“President Obama made a clear promise to the Armenian community during his campaign and to do anything short of properly recognizing the Armenian Genocide as such would be a direct slap in the face to Armenians around the world.”

Congressman George Radanovich

“President Obama is a man of his word and has been crystal clear on the issue."

ANCA Executive director Aram Hamparian


2009 24 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

Nearly a million genocide victims, covered in a cloak of amnesia by Sabrina Tavernise ISTANBUL: For Turkey, the number should have been a bombshell. According to a long-hidden document that belonged to the interior minister of the Ottoman Empire, 972,000 Ottoman Armenians disappeared from official population records from 1915 through 1916. In Turkey, any discussion of what happened to the Ottoman Armenians can bring a storm of public outrage. But since its publication in a book in January, the number and its Ottoman source has gone virtually unmentioned. Newspapers hardly wrote about it. Television shows have not discussed it. "Nothing," said Murat Bardakci, the Turkish author and columnist who compiled the book. The silence can mean only one thing, he said: "My numbers are too high for ordinary people. Maybe people aren't ready to talk about it yet." For generations, most Turks knew nothing of the details of the Armenian genocide of 1915 to 1918, when more than a million Armenians were killed as the Ottoman Turk government purged the population. Turkey locked the ugliest parts of its past out of sight, Soviet-style, keeping any mention of the events out of schoolbooks and official narratives in an aggressive campaign of forgetting. But in the past 10 years, as civil society has flourished here, some parts of Turkish society are now openly questioning the state's version of events. In December, a group of intellectuals circulated a petition that apologized for the denial of the massacres. Some 29,000 people have signed it. With his book, "The Remaining Documents of Talat Pasha," Bardakci (pronounced bard-AK-chuh) has become, rather unwillingly, part of this ferment. The book is a collection of documents and records that once belonged to Mehmed Talat, known as Talat Pasha, the primary architect of the Armenian deportations. The documents, given to Bardakci by Talat's widow, Hayriye, before she died in 1983, include lists of population figures. Before 1915, 1,256,000 Armenians lived in the Ottoman Empire, according to the documents. The number plunged to 284,157

two years later, Bardakci said. To the untrained ear, it is simply a sad statistic. But anyone familiar with the issue knows the numbers are in fierce dispute. Turkey has never acknowledged a specific number of deportees or deaths. On Sunday, Turkey's foreign minister warned that President Barack Obama might set back relations if he recognized the massacre of Armenians as genocide before his visit to Turkey next month. The collapse of the Ottoman Empire was bloody, the Turkish argument goes, and those who died were victims of that chaos. Bardakci subscribes to that view. The figures, he said, do not indicate the number of dead, only a result of the decline in the Armenian population after deportation. He strongly disagrees that the massacres amounted to a genocide, and he says Turkey was obliged to take action against Armenians because they were openly supporting Russia in its war against the Ottoman Empire. "It was not a Nazi policy or a Holocaust," he said. "These were very dark times. It was a very difficult decision. But deportation was the outcome of some very bloody events. It was necessary for the government to deport the Armenian population." This argument is rejected by most scholars, who believe that the small number of Armenian rebels were not a serious threat to the Ottoman Empire, and that the policy was more the product of the perception that the Armenians, non-Muslims and therefore considered untrustworthy, were a problem population. Hilmar Kaiser, a historian and expert on the Armenian genocide, said the records published in the book were conclusive proof from the Ottoman authority itself that it had pursued a calculated policy to eliminate the Armenians. "You have suddenly on one page confirmation of the numbers," he said. "It was like someone hit you over the head with a club." Kaiser said the before and after figures amounted to "a death record." "There is no other way of viewing this document," he said. "You can't just hide a million people." Other scholars said that the number

was a useful addition to the historical record, but that it did not introduce a new version of events. "This corroborates what we already knew," said Donald Bloxham, the author of "The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians." Bardakci is a history buff who learned to read and write Ottoman script from his grandmother, allowing him to navigate Turkey's written past, something that most Turks are unable to do. He plays the tanbur, a traditional string instrument. His grandfather was a member of the same political party of Talat, and his family knew many of the important political figures in Turkey's founding. "We had a huge library at home," he said. "They were always talking about history and the past." Though he clearly wanted the numbers to be known, he stubbornly refuses to interpret them. He offers no analysis in the book, and aside from an interview with Talat's widow, there is virtually no text

"[Talaat stated that]... they had already disposed of three quarters of them [Armenians], that there were none left in Bitlis, Van, Erzeroum, and that the hatred was so intense now that they have to finish it. . . . He said they would take care of the Armenians at Zor and elsewhere but they did not want them in Anatolia. I told him three times that they were making a serious mistake and would regret it. He said, ‘We know we have made mistakes, but we never regret.'"

—8 August 1915 diary entry of conversations between Talaat Pasha and U.S. Ambassador Henry Morgenthau, United States Diplomacy on the Bosphorus: The Diaries of Ambassador Morgenthau, 1913–1916, comp., ed., and intro. Ara Sarafian (Princeton and London: Gomidas Institute, 2004)

beside the original documents. "I didn't want to interpret," he said. "I want the reader to decide." The best way to do that, he argues, is by using cold, hard facts, which can cut through the layers of emotional rhetoric that have clouded the issue for years. "I believe we need documents in Turkey," he said. "This is the most important." But some of the keenest observers of Turkish society said the silence was a sign of just how taboo the topic still was. "The importance of the book is obvious from the fact that no paper except Milliyet has written a single line about it," wrote Murat Belge, a Turkish academic, in a January column in the liberal daily newspaper Taraf. Still, it is a measure of Turkey's democratic maturity that the book was published here at all. Bardakci said he had held the documents for so long — 27 years — because he was waiting for Turkey to reach the point when their publication would not cause a frenzy. Even the state now feels the need to defend itself. Last summer, a propaganda film about the Armenians made by Turkey's military was distributed to primary schools. After a public outcry, it was stopped. "I could never have published this book 10 years ago," Bardakci said. "I would have been called a traitor." He added, "The mentality has changed." (International Herald Tribune)

Genocide survivor Ghazaros Kademian dies at 101 by Silva Sevian

Ghazaros Kademian

BURBANK, Calil- Ghazaros Kademian, Genocide survivor and key supporter of its recognition, died on January 24 in his home from natural causes. He was 101 years old. At age six, Kademian was forced into exile from his native Zeytun (now Suleymaniye, Turkey). His father stayed home in order to defend the village from the Ottoman Turks, while his mother took him and his siblings to save them from the slaughter. They found refuge in Kirkuk (now northern Iraq). Th e fi rst night they arrived, he and his siblings slept in front of a church in their mother’s arms. Th e next morning the children found their mother frozen by the frost. Orphaned, Kademian was taken in by a local Muslim family. However, the shelter soon turned into abuse as his adopted family tried to convert him to Islam. Having lost his home and parents in the fight to preserve their faith, Kademian refused to convert and was tied to a tree by his legs and beaten repeatedly. After vehemently refusing to trade in his Armenian faith for shelter, Kademian was released and slept on the streets until an Arab Christian family brought him into their home.

He never attended school but was fl uent in Arabic, Armenian, Turkish, and Farsi. He spent years looking for his brother and sister and later found the two married and with their own families. Kademian’s adopted family in Baghdad arranged his marriage to an Armenian girl who lived in a German orphanage in Beirut, where she received her education. Kademian and Azadouhi married in Beirut and returned to Baghdad, where they had three children: Ohannes, Asdghig, and Anahid. Throughout his life, Kademian answered the call for community activism, attending ArmenianGenocide commemorations and working with organizations such as the Armenian National Committee of America and the Armenian Youth Federation. “Although he was a shy man, he would do anything for the Armenian cause,” his son, Ohannes, said. “The Armenian public respected him, never forgot him, and did more for him than we could ever imagine.” Despite a turbulent childhood and youth, Kademian lived his life with great humor. He loved the eyes of deer and believed

that if his pregnant wife looked into them daily, their children would have beautiful eyes. “The fun part was the way he captured these deer,” Anahid, his daughter, said. “He would target a deer during his drive in the country. He then would chase them in his truck till they were tired and then he would run and capture them on feet.” Kademian did this during the pregnancy of all three of his children. They kept the deer in their home until the children’s christening. He also loved to arm-wrestle with his grandchildren and did so regularly, even after he turned 100. “The strong man that he was, I would arm-wrestle with him, and he used to pretend that I won every time,” Shogher, his granddaughter, said. “His wish was to live to see the Turkish government recognize the Armenian Genocide,” his son said. “Th is is something he always wanted but never got.” Kademian is survived by his three children, Ohannes, Asdghig and Anahid, and seven grandchildren, Shoghig, Khachig, Maral, Azadouhi, Shogher, Felicia, and Richard. The Armenian Reporter


25

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

An Armenian imprisoned in Iranian crackdown Silva Harotonian’s family blames “tragic misunderstanding” by Emil Sanamyan WASHINGTON – An IranianArmenian employee of the U.S. govern­ ment– funded International Research & Exchanges Board (IREX) has been de­ tained in Iran for more than seven months and was recently sentenced to a threeyear prison term, her employer and fam­ ily said in statements last week. Silva Harotonian, 34, an Iranian citizen, was arrested on June 26, 2008, while on a business trip to Tehran for IREX’s Maternal and Child Health Education and Exchange Program (MCHEEP). Ms. Haroto­ nian was an administrative officer for the program, launched in 2007, and the only IREX staff member on the ground in Iran at the time. According to a statement by IREX president Robert Pearson, her “role as a program administrator involved explain­ ing logistics for the two-week exchange program, translating documents between Armenian and English into Farsi, and answering telephone inquiries.” On January 19, Ms. Harotonian was sentenced to three years in prison on what IREX described as “erroneous” charges of plotting against the Iranian government; she is currently appealing the ruling. Keith Mellnick, a spokesperson for IREX in Washington, told the Armenian Reporter that his organization was “working with the family to open chan­ nels to the Iranian government to free Silva Harotonian” and were seeking public support for the same. Forced confession The IranianArmenian’s arrest was first revealed on January 21 by the International Cam­ paign for Human Rights in Iran (ICHRI); she was then identified as Sylvia Har­ tounian. Citing its sources inside Tehran’s Evin prison, the group reported that following ten days of solitary confine­ ment, Ms. Harotonian was forced under duress to claim she was part of a “plot” against the Islamic Republic. That report was picked up by the Los Angeles Times. In a report on January 19, Press TV, Iran’s English-language television sta­ tion, cited an unnamed Iranian intelli­ gence official as saying that four indi­ viduals were sentenced on charges of “organizing anti-government public ral­ lies and creating ethnic division in the

country.” The channel further cited Tehran’s Islamic Revolution Court as concluding in its verdict that the four Iranian citizens “confessed to trying to distance the peo­ ple of Iran from the government and introduce the United States as their sole savior.” Hadi Ghaemi, a New York–based spokesperson for ICHRI, said Ms. Haro­ tonian was likely to be one of the four individuals being referred to by Press TV. The other two are brothers Arash and Kamiar Alaei,\ both Iranian medical doctors who focus on HIV/AIDS; the fourth is so far unnamed, but is believed to ban Iranian documentary filmmaker, although it is unclear whether their cases are connected. It is normal practice in Iran for the government and judiciary not to reveal to the public the names of those detained, Mr. Ghaemi told the Armenian Reporter. The families in turn tend not to publicize the names of the detained, hoping to quietly win government leniency. IREX and Ms. Harotonian’s family went public about the arrest only after initial reports by human rights activists. Family appeal FreeSilva.org, a website launched on behalf of Ms. Harotonian’s family in Los Angeles on February 20, seeks to gather public support “in re­ spectfully urging the leaders of the Is­ lamic Republic of Iran to grant the release of our loved one.” “Our family has al­ ways appreciated the Iranian govern­ ment’s efforts to ensure the safety, reli­ gious freedom and prosperity of its Armenian community,” the family said in a statement. “We believe releasing Silva would further demonstrate Iran’s solidarity with its Armenian population and generosity toward our loyal Christian minority.” After studying Armenian literature at the Azad University in Tehran, Ms. Harotonian taught at an Armenian school and held several administrative jobs, including at the Armenian Prelacy in Tehran. Her family described her as a “pa­ triot” of Iran and a loyal citizen, pointing to the formal recognition she received for her role in celebrations marking the Islamic Revolution anniversary in 2004. Ms. Harotonian recently moved to Yerevan, where she began working for

the IREX program that supports health practitioners in Iran. On the website, the family described Ms. Harotonian’s arrest and imprison­ ment as a “tragic misunderstanding.” They argued instead that “granting her a release after serving time in prison would recognize both the need for lawabiding behavior and the value of for­ giveness of innocent mistakes.” Caught in a stand-off Although United States entities are not legally allowed to operate in Iran, U.S. government-funded organizations like IREX and others have worked with Iran’s nongovernmental groups. At the same time, the Bush admin­ istration publicly sought to undermine Iran’s government, and there were cred­ ible reports of U.S.- funded covert oper­ ations underway. As a result, all U.S.–funded projects in Iran – even those dealing with science, education, and healthcare – have come under official suspicion, with a number of individuals – mostly Iranian citizens –held and imprisoned by the government. Mr. Ghaemi estimated about 400 individuals are currently being held in Iran on politically motivated charges. In a recent case, a scholar of Iranian descent and U.S. citizen, Haleh Esfandiari, was released after months of detention in 2007. While President Barack Obama has called for an open dialogue with Iran and for its leaders to “unclench their fists,” no progress toward normalization of relations has occurred so far. The Armenian Reporter

Family Message Below is the text of a message Silva Harotonian’s family posted on the website dedicated to her case. Please join us in respectfully urging the leaders of the Islamic Republic of Iran to grant the release of our loved one, Silva Harotonian. Our family has always appreciated the Iranian government’s efforts to ensure the safety, reli­ gious freedom and prosperity of its Armenian community and we believe releasing Silva would further demonstrate Iran’s solidarity with its Armenian population and generosity toward our loyal Christian minority. While Silva went about her job with the best intentions, we understand Iranian officials' concerns were raised unintentionally. Her entire life living in Iran, Silva has never been in trouble with the law and has always been an exemplary citizen. Granting her a release after serving time in prison would recognize both the need for law-abiding behavior and the value of forgiveness of innocent mistakes. For decades, the Islamic Republic of Iran has ensured the safety, religious freedom and prosperity of its Armenian community. Over the Islamic Republic of Iran's thirty year history, there have been no anti-revolution efforts by Armenians in Iran, including no Armenians to stand trial for such actions. By releasing Silva to her family, Iran can exhibit to the world its continued commitment to friendship with Armenia. Silva’s freedom could reinforce the value of this longstanding part­ nership among allies. Please join us by signing our appeal to Iran’e government.” To learn more about Silva’s case visit www.freesilva.org

Your Most Reliable Transportation Partner To/From Armenia & Worldwide · Ocean, Air & Land

·

METRAS

SHIPPING & FORWARDING INC.

2175 Sheppard Ave. E. Suite 215 Toronto ON, M2J 1W8

Tel.: 416-497-0377 Fax: 416-497-0783 info@metrasshipping.com www.metrasshipping.com

Ara Graphics

· · · ·

Int'l Transportation Door to Door Services Available 20', 40', LCL and Break-Bulk Insurance Coverage Export Documentation, Letters of Credit Handling and Banking Negotiations Dedicated Agency Network Worldwide


2009 26 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

²ÚȲ¼²Ü

æ»ñÙ Ò»éù»ñ, æ»ñÙ Øûï»óáõÙ ¶³õ³Ã ÙÁ ï³ù ëáõñ× µéݳͪ ³õ»ÉÇ ÏÁ ïå³õáñ»Ýù ³ÝÓ ÙÁ »õ ɳõ ÏÁ ïñ³Ù³¹ñáõÇÝù ³Ýáñ ѳݹ¿å ¿, ÿ ³ÝáÝù, áñáÝù ¹³ñÙ³ÝáõÙÇ Û³ïáõÏ ï³ù µ³ñÓÇÏ ÙÁ ÏÁ ·ñÏ»Ý ë³éáÛóáí É»óáõÝ ïáåñ³ÏÇ ÙÁ ÷á˳ñ¿Ý, ß³ï ³õ»ÉÇ Ñ³õ³Ý³Ï³Ý ¿, áñ ѻﳷ³ÛÇÝ Ýáõ¿ñ ÙÁ ÁÝïñ»Ý µ³ñ»Ï³ÙÇ ÙÁ ѳٳñ, ù³Ý ÿ ·ÝáõÙ ÙÁ ÁÝ»Ý Çñ»Ýó ѳٳñ£ Àëï »ñ»õáÛÃÇÝ, ýǽÇù³Ï³Ý ç»ñÙáõÃÇõÝÁ »Ýó·Çï³ÏÇóÁ ÏÁ ÙÕ¿ µ³ñ»Ï³Ù³Ï³Ý í»ñ³µ»ñáõÙ óáõó³µ»ñ»Éáõ ³ÛÉáó Ýϳïٳٵ, ÇÝãå¿ë ÏþÁë¿ øáÉáñ³ïáÛÇ Ñ³Ù³Éë³ñ³Ý¿Ý ßáõÏ³Û³Ï³Ý Û³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ Ù³ëݳ·¿ï ÈáñÁÝë àõÇÉÇÁÙ½£ §ÆÙ³ëï³ÉÇó Ý»ñÑáõÝ Ï³å ÙÁ Ï³Û ýǽÇù³Ï³Ý ³ß˳ñÑÇÝ, Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÇÝ Ù³ñÙÝÇÝ, Ñá·»µ³Ý³Ï³Ý ³ß˳ñÑÇÝ »õ Ù»ñ áõÕ»ÕÇÝ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõû³Ý ÙÇç»õ¦, ÏþÁë¿ àõÇÉÇÁÙ½, áñ ·É˳õáñ³Í ¿ áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÁ£

ØÇç³í³ÛñÇ ³½¹»óáõÃÇõÝ

National Georaphic ÏÁ ·ñ¿, ÿ Ýáñ ÷áñÓ³ñÏáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ óáÛó Ïáõ ï³Û, ÿ ³ÝáÝù, áñáÝù ·³õ³Ã ÙÁ ï³ù ëáõñ× ÏÁ µéÝ»Ý ù³ÝÇ ÙÁ í³ÛñÏ»³Ý, ³õ»ÉÇ Ñ³Ï³Ù¿ï »Ý Çñ»Ýó ѳݹÇå³Í ³ÝÓÁ ¹³ï»Éáõ ǵñ»õ ³é³ï³Ó»éÝ, Ñá·³ï³ñ »õ áõñ³Ë, ù³Ý ÿ ³ÝáÝù, áñáÝù ·³õ³Ã ÙÁ ë³éÝ ëáõñ× ÏÁ Ëٻݣ ºñÏñáñ¹ ÷áñÓ³ñÏáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ óáÛó ïáõ³Í

àõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ å³ßïå³Ý¿ ³ÛÝ ï»ë³Ï¿ïÁ, ÿ ÙÇç³í³ÛñÁ ß³ï Ýáõñµ Ó»õáí Çñ ³½¹»óáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÇÝ í³ñáõ»É³Ï»ñåÇÝ íñ³Û, ³ÛÝåÇëÇ Ó»õ»ñáí, áñáÝó ã»Ýù ·Çï³ÏóÇñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ÏþÁë¿ ö»ÝëÇÉí³ÝÇáÛ Ñ³Ù³Éë³ñ³Ý¿Ý ¹³ë³Ëûë Öáݳ äÁñÏÁñ£ äÁñÏÁñ ³Ýó»³É ï³ñÇ Ññ³ï³ñ³Ï³Í ¿ñ áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ, áñ óáÛó Ïáõ ï³Û, ÿ Ù³ñ¹áó ùáõ¿Ý»ñáõÝ íñ³Û Çñ ³½¹»óáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ ³ÝáÝó ùáõ¿³ñÏ³Í í³ÛñÁ£ §Ò»éùÇÝ Ù¿ç ï³ù µ³Ý ÙÁ µéÝ»ÉÁ Ïþû·Ý¿, áñ Ù³ñ¹ÇÏ áõñÇßÝ»ñÁ »õë ç»ñÙ Ýϳï»Ý, ÇÝã áñ ÏñÝ³Û »ñϳñ³ï»õ ³½¹»óáõÃÇõÝ ·áñÍ»É Ù³ñ¹áó í³ñáõ»É³Ï»ñåÇÝ íñ³Û¦, ÏþÁë¿ ³Ý£ ¿»õ äÁñÏÁñ ÏÁ ½·áõß³óÝ¿, ÿ í»ñ³Ã³ñ-

Ù³óÝáÕ ÁÙå»ÉÇÝ»ñáõ ç»ñÙ³ëïÇ×³Ý¿Ý ï³ñµ»ñ ·áñÍûÝÝ»ñ ݳ»õ ¹»ñ³Ï³ï³ñ »Ý ѳݹÇåáõÙÇ ÙÁ Ù¿ç, ë³Ï³ÛÝ ï³ù ÁÙå»ÉÇ ÙÁ ÏñÝ³Û ÏÝù»É ѳٳӳÛÝáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ£ §Ü»Õ å³ñ³·³ÛÇݪ ³ÝÇϳ ÏñÝ³Û ÙÕ»É, áñ Ù»ñ ѳݹÇå³Í ³ÝÓÇÝ Ýϳïٳٵ ³õ»ÉÇ ¹ñ³Ï³Ý ïñ³Ù³¹ñáõÇÝù¦, ÏþÁë¿ ³Ý£

Ú³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝ Ù߳ϻÉáõ Ù¿ç

àõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÁ ·É˳õáñáÕ Ù³ëݳ·¿ïÁ ÏþÁë¿, ÿ Û³Ûïݳµ»ñáõÙÝ»ñÁ ÑÇÙÝáõ³Í »Ý ݳ˳å¿ë ϳï³ñáõ³Í áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ íñ³Û, áñáÝù óáÛó Ïáõ ï³Ý ϳåÁ ýǽÇù³Ï³Ý ç»ñÙáõû³Ý, ÇÝãå¿ëª Ù³Ûñ³Ï³Ý ·ÇñÏÁݹ˳éÝáõÙÁ, »õ ³Ûɳµ³Ý³Ï³Ý Ýϳñ³·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ÙÇç»õ, ÇÝãå¿ëª §ç»ñÙ ³ÝÓݳõáñáõÃÇõݦ, Ýß»Éáõ ѳٳñ ³é³ï³Ó»éÝáõû³Ý, ³½Ýáõáõû³Ý »õ ÁÝÏ»ñ³ÛÝáõû³Ý ÝÙ³Ý Û³ïϳÝÇßÝ»ñ£ ²õ»ÉÇ°Ý. áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÁ óáÛó Ïáõ ï³Û, ÿ áõÕ»ÕÇÝ ÝáÛÝ Ù³ëÁ å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ¿ ýǽÇù³Ï³Ý ç»ñÙáõû³Ý »õ Ñá·»µ³Ý³Ï³Ý ç»ñÙáõû³Ý í»ñ³µ»ñáÕ ï»Õ»ÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ÁÝϳɻÉáõ »õ ¹³ë³õáñ»Éáõ£ ²ÝÇϳ óáÛó Ïáõ ï³Û, ÿ ³Ûë ·³Õ³÷³ñÝ»ñÁ ÇÝãå¿°ë §Çñ³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝ ÏÁ ¹³éÝ³Ý Çñ³Ï³Ý ³ß˳ñÑÇÝ Ù¿çª Ù³ñ¹áó ¹³ïáÕáõû³Ý »õ áñáßáõÙÝ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç¦£ سñ¹ÇÏ å¿ïù ¿ ³Ûë ³ñ¹ÇõÝùÝ»ñÁ Ç ÙïÇ áõݻݳÝ, »ñµ ÏÁ Ó»éݳñÏ»Ý Ýáñ Û³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ Ù߳ϻÉáõ, ÏÁ ûɳ¹ñ¿ àõÇÉÇÁÙ½£ §Â»ñ»õë åÇïÇ ÷³÷³ù¿ÇÝù ýǽÇù³Ï³Ý ç»ñÙáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ Ý»ñÙáõÍ»É íÇ׳ÏÝ»ñáõ Ù¿ç... ëï»ÕÍ»É ÷á˳¹³ñÓ ç»ñÙáõû³Ý ½·³óáÕáõÃÇõÝ, ù³Ý ÿª óñïáõÃÇõݦ, ÏþÁë¿ ³Ý£

SHOW ONE PRESENTS YOUNG STARS OF THE YOUNG CENTURY CONCERT

· RESIDENTIAL · COMMERCIAL · LAND & CONSTRUCTION · FIRST TIME HOME BUYERS · NON-RESIDENTS For a swift & fast financing please contact Avan Financial Group

ANABEL SHAROUYAN

416-871-4424

VAHRAM PIRJANIAN

416-574-6704

Ara Graphics

Show One Productions presents the 2009 edition of its signature series, Young Stars of the Young Century. Three international award-winning teenage virtuosi from the former Soviet Union perform in Toronto May 9 at 7:30 p.m. at the Glenn Gould Studio, 250 Front St. W. The three performers, Georgian pianist Luka Okrostvoridze, Armenian clarinetist Narek Arutyunyan returns and Russian violinist Yuri Revich, are winners of Guzik Foundation awards, and are coming direct from their Carnegie Hall debuts. NAREK ARUTYUNYAN, clarinet (born in Gumri, Armenia, 1992) is a regular soloist with great Russian orchestras, under the likes of Constantine Orbelian, Vladimir Spivakov, and Yuri Bashmet. Narek has also given solo recitals in France, Italy and Switzerland. A winner of many international competitions, Narek is equally gifted in classical and jazz. At his 2008 Toronto debut in Young Stars, Alexa Petrenko of Classical 96.3 FM exclaimed that §this performance stopped time¦. LUKA OKROSTVORIDZE, piano (born in Tblisi, Georgia in 1991), studied with Professor Dorensky (teacher of Denis Matsuev) at the Moscow Conservatory. An accomplished pianist and composer, Luka has won international competitions and festivals, including the Colmar in France. YURI REVICH, violin (born in Moscow in 1991), has performed with the Russian National conducted by Mikhail Pletnev, the Moscow Soloists under Yuri Bashmet, and other leading orchestras. Yuri has won such international competitions as Virtuosi of the XXI Century and the David Oistrakh in Russia, and the Oldenburg Promenade and International Kloster-Schontal Violin Competition in Germany.

Osana Mksy-Artinian AMP Mortgage Specialist

mobile: 416-315-7310 office: 416-490-0607 osana.mksy-artinian@bmo.com

S e r v i n g t h e A r m e n i a n C o m m u n i t y f o r 2 0 Ye a r s

Ara Graphics

ds e nee g a g t or our m rates y l l a ve For petiti m o c es Best r Mil i A 0 50 up to


²èàÔæ²ä²Ð²Î²Ü

27

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

êË³É »õ ÖÇß¹ ÀÙµéÝáõÙÝ»ñ êÝݹ³éáõû³Ý Ù³ëÇÝ

Êáõë³÷Çñ ѳõÏÇÿÝ, ûñ³Ï³Ý 8 ·³õ³Ã çáõñ ËÙ¿, Ù³ñ½³Ýù¿ »ïù ³é³ï ÷ñáÿÇÝ ëå³é¿, ѳó¿Ý Ñ»éáõ ÙݳóÇñ… Ø»ñ ëÝݹ³éáõû³Ý Ù³ëÇÝ ÝÙ³Ý ß³ï ÙÁ ËáñÑáõñ¹Ý»ñ ÏÁ ëï³Ý³Ýù Ù»ñ ÁÝÏ»ñÝ»ñ¿Ý, ÁÝï³ÝÇù¿Ý, ѳٳó³Ýó¿Ý »õ Ù³ëݳ·¿ïÝ»ñ¿Ý: ²ÝáÝóÙ¿ ϳñ· ÙÁ ×Çß¹ »Ý, ϳñ· ÙÁ ѳñó³¹ñ»ÉÇ, áõñÇßÝ»ñ ³ÙµáÕçáõû³Ùµ ë˳É: ºÃ¿ ݳ˳ÝÓ³ËݹÇñ »ë ëÝݹ³Ï³ÝáÝǹ Ýϳïٳٵ »õ Ï°áõ½»ë ëÝݹ³Ï³Ý ×ß·ñÇï ï»Õ»ÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ áõݻݳÉ, ³Ñ³õ³ëÇÏ CTV Canada AM-Ç ëÝݹ³·¿ïÝ»ñ¿Ý È»½ÉÇ ä¿ùÇ Ù³ëݳ·Çï³Ï³Ý ï»ë³Ï¿ïÝ»ñÁ. гõÏÇà »õ øáÉ»ëûñáÉ

¶³Ý³ï³óÇÝ»ñáõÝ Ù¿Ï »ññáñ¹Á ÏÁ ѳõ³ï³Û, áñ áõï»ÉÇùÇ ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÁ ÏÁ µ³ñÓñ³óÝ¿ ³ñ»³Ý ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÇ Ù³Ï³ñ¹³ÏÁ: ê³Ï³ÛÝ Çñ³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ³Û¹ ã¿: ²Ûá, ѳõÏÇÃÁ ùáÉ»ëûñáÉ ÏÁ å³ñáõݳϿ (Ù¿Ï ¹»ÕÝáõóÁª 190ÙÏ.), ë³Ï³ÛÝ ×³ßÇ Ù¿ç (ѳõÏÇÃ, ÙÇë, ù³ñÇï»ë, ϳÃݻտÝ) ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÁ ß³ï ùÇã ³½¹»óáõÃÇõÝ áõÝÇ Ù³ñ¹áó ³ñ»³Ý ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÇ Ù³Ï³ñ¹³ÏÇÝ íñ³Û: àõñ»ÙÝ, ÷áË³Ý³Ï Ñ³õÏÇÃÁ ½³Ýó ³éÝ»Éáõ ëÝݹ³Ï³ÝáÝ¿¹, Ýáõ³½»óáõñ ëå³éáõÙÁ ѳ·»óáõ³Í »õ ϻݹ³Ý³Ï³Ý ÇõÕÇÝ (saturated fats), áñ ·¿ß (LDL) ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÁ µ³ñÓñ³óÝáÕ ÑÇÙÝ³Ï³Ý ³½¹³ÏÝ ¿: ÀÝïñ¿ áã-ÇõÕáï ϳñÙÇñ ϳ٠ѳõÇ ÙÇëÁ, Ëáõë³÷Çñ å³ïñ³ëï ׳߻ñ¿Ý ٳݳõ³Ý¹ µ³Ýç³ñ»Õ¿ÝÇ çñ³ÍÇݳóáõ³Í ÇõÕ¿Ý (hydrogenated vegetable oil):

´Ý³Í˳çñûùëÇïÝ»ñÁ (Carbohydrates) ÏÁ ¶ÇñóÝ»Ý

´áÉáñ ëÝݹ³Ï³ÝáÝÇ Ñ»ï»õáÕÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ Ëáõë³÷ÇÝ µÝ³Í˳çñûùëÇïÝ»ñ¿Ý, ÇÝãå¿ëª ѳó, ËÙáñ»Õ¿Ý, µñÇÝÓ, ·»ïݳËÝÓáñ… ΰ³ñÅ¿ ³Ý·³Ù ÙÁ »õë ÛÇß»óÝ»É, áñ µÝ³Í˳çñûùëÇïÁ ãÇ ·ÇñóÝ»ñ. ³ÝÇϳ å³ñ½³å¿ë ß³ï ç»ñÙáõÅ (calorie) ÏÁ å³ñáõݳϿ, ÇëÏ ·ÇñóÝáÕÁ Û³õ»É»³É ç»ñÙáõÅÝ ¿, ³ÝÇϳ ÁÉÉ³Û ÷ñáÿÇÝ¿, ÇõÕ¿ ϳ٠µÝ³Í˳çñûùëÇï¿: Ø»ñ ÙϳÝÝ»ñÝ áõ áõÕ»ÕÁ µÝ³Í˳çñûùëÇïÇ Ï³ñÇùÁ áõÝÇÝ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ ç³Ý³Û ½³ÛÝ ³éÝ»É µÝ³Ï³Ý áõï»ÉÇùÝ»ñ¿Ý, ÇÝãå¿ëª Áݹ»Õ¿Ý »õ Ëáõë³÷Çñ ½ïáõ³Í ß³ù³ñÝ»ñ¿Ý »õ ËÙáñ»Õ¿ÝÝ»ñ¿Ý:

öñáÿÇÝÁ ÙÏ³Ý ÏÁ ßÇÝ¿

ÖÇßï ¿, áñ ͳÝñ Ù³ñÙݳٳñ½³ÝùÇ Ñ»ï»õáÕ Ù³ñ½ÇÏÝ»ñÁ Û³õ»É»³É ÷ñáÿÇÝÇ å¿ïù áõÝÇÝ íݳëáõ³Í ÙϳÝÝ»ñÁ í»ñ³Ï³Ý·Ý»Éáõ ѳٳñ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ ëáíáñ³Ï³Ý ³ÝÓ ÙÁ ³éûñ»³Û Ù³ñ½³Ýù¿Ý »ïù ϳñÇùÁ ãáõÝÇ Û³õ»É»³É ÷ñáÿÇÝ ëå³é»Éáõ: ºÃ¿ Ï°áõ½»ë Û³õ»É»³É ÙÏ³Ý Ï³éáõó»É, Ù»Í

ù³Ý³Ïáõû³Ùµ ÷ñáÿÇÝ ëå³é»ÉÁ ³Û¹ Ýå³ï³Ï¹ åÇïÇ ã°Çñ³Ï³Ý³óÝ¿, áñáíÑ»ï»õ Ù³ñÙÇÝÁ ÷ñáÿÇÝÁ Ù³ñë»Éáõ áñáß Ï³ñáÕáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ áõÝÇ: Æ ï³ñµ»ñáõÃÇõÝ ×³ñåÇÝ »õ µÝ³Í˳çñûùëÇïÝ»ñá, Ù»ñ Ù³ñÙÇÝÁ ÷ñáÿÇÝ ã°³Ùµ³ñ»ñ: Ú³õ»É»³ÉÁ ϳ٠ǵñ»õ ç»ñÙáõÅ åÇïÇ û·ï³·áñÍáõÇ, ϳ٠׳ñåÇ í»ñ³Íáõ»Éáí åÇïÇ ³Ùµ³ñáõÇ:

úñ³Ï³Ý áñù³±Ý çáõñÇ å¿ïù áõÝÇë

æáõñÁ Ï»Ýë³Ï³Ý ¿ ëÝݹ³ÝÇõà ¿: Ø»ñ Ù³ñÙÇÝÁ ³Ýáñ ϳñÇùÁ áõÝÇ Ù»ñ ç»ñÙ³ëïÇ׳ÝÁ ã³÷³õáñ»Éáõ, µçÇçÝ»ñáõÝ ëÝݹ³ÝÇõà ѳëóÝ»Éáõ, ÙáñÃÁ Ëáݳõ å³Ñ»Éáõ »õ Ûû¹»ñÁ ϳÏáõÕóÝ»Éáõ ѳٳñ: úñ³Ï³Ý ßÝã³éáõû³Ý, ß³ñÅáõÙÇ, Ù³ñ½³ÝùÇ, ùñïÝ»Éáõ ÙÇçáóáí Ïáñëáõ³Í çáõñÁ å¿ïù ¿ ÷á˳ñÇÝáõÇ: úñ³Ï³Ý Ïáñëáõ³Í çáõñÇÝ Áݹ³Ù¿Ý ù³Ý³ÏÁ 2.5 ÉÇÃñ ¿: îÕ³Ù³ñ¹ÇÏ ûñ³Ï³Ý 13 ·³õ³Ã (3 ÉÇÃñ) çáõñÇ å¿ïù áõÝÇÝ, ÇëÏ ÏÇÝ»ñÁª 9 ·³õ³ÃÇ (2.2 ÉÇÃñ): ê³Ï³ÛÝ ³Ûë ù³Ý³ÏÁ Ù³ùáõñ çáõñ¿Ý ã¿ áñ ÙdzÛÝ ÏÁ ·á۳ݳÛ, ³Ûɪ Ù»ñ ëå³é³Í µáÉáñ ËÙ»ÉÇùÝ»ñ¿Ýª ûß³ñ³Ï, çáõñ, ϳñ, ëáõñ×, ½áí³óáõóÇã: Ñ»ï»õ³µ³ñ, ³Ù¿Ý ÁÙå»ÉÇÝ»ñáõ¹ íñ³Û Û³õ»É»³É 8 ·³õ³Ã çáõñÇ å¿ïù ãáõÝÇë:

ÄáõÙ»ñ ÷³ËóÝ»ÉÁ Ï°û·Ý¿ ÝÇѳñݳÉáõ

æ»ñÙáõÅ»ñÁ Ýáõ³½»óÝ»Éáõ Ýå³ï³Ïáí ÅáõÙ»ñ (meals) ÷³ËóÝ»ÉÁ Û³×³Ë Ñ³Ï³é³Ï ³ñ¹ÇõÝùÁ Ïáõ ï³Û: ºÃ¿ ³ëÇϳ ëáíáñáõû³Ý í»ñ³Í»ë, ÅáõÙ ÷³ËóÝ»ÉÁ ÏÁ ¹³Ý¹³Õ»óÝ¿ metabolism-¹: سñÙÇݹ §ÏÁ ϳñÍ¿¦, ÿ ëáíÇ Ù¿ç ¿ »õ Ñ»ï»õ³µ³ñ Ýáõ³½ ç»ñÙáõÅ ÏÁ ëå³é¿: ²õ»ÉÇÝ, ݳ˳׳ßÁ »õ Ï¿ëûñáõ³Ý ׳ßÁ ÷³ËóÝáÕÁ, Û³×³Ë áõß ³ï»Ý ³õ»ÉÇ ÏÁ ׳߿, Û³õ»É»³É ç»ñÙáõÅ Ý»ñ³éÝ»Éáí: ÎßÇéù ÏáñëÝóÝ»Éáõ ɳõ³·áÛÝ Ùûï»óáõÙÁª Ï»ñ »ñ»ù ÅáõÙ ×³ß »õ ³ËáñųÏÁ ½ëåáÕ »ñÏáõ ÷áùñ áõï»ÉÇù (snack):

³±ñÙ, ÿ µ³Ýç³ñ»Õ¿Ý

ë³é»óáõ³Í

Ú³×³Ë Ã³ñÙ µ³Ýç³ñ»Õ¿ÝÁ Ù»ñ ϳñͳÍÇÝ ã³÷ óñÙ ã¿: ²·³ñ³Ï¿Ý, ßáõϳÛ, ³å³ ÙÇÝã»õ ׳ßÇ ë»Õ³Ý¹ ѳëÝÇÉÁ ÏñÝ³Û ù³ÝÇ ÙÁ ß³µ³Ã ï»õ»É, áñáõÝ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ëÝݹ³ÝÇõûñÁ ÏñÝ³Ý ³ÝÑ»ï³Ý³É: àõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ óáÛó ïáõ³Í »Ý, áñ ϳñ· ÙÁ ë³é³Í µ³Ýç³ñ»Õ¿ÝÝ»ñ »õ åïáõÕÝ»ñ ÏñÝ³Ý Ã³ñÙ¿Ý ³õ»ÉÇ É³õ íÇ׳ÏÇ Ù¿ç å³Ñå³Ý»É áñáß ëÝݹ³ÝÇõûñ, ÇÝãå¿ëª Ï»Ýë³ÝÇõûñÝ (vitamins) áõ ѳÝù³ÛÇÝÝ»ñÁ (minerals): ºñµ »Õ³Ý³Ï³ÛÇÝ åïáõÕÝ áõ µ³Ýç³ñ»Õ¿ÝÁ ÏÁ å³ÏëÇ, ë³é³ÍÁ ÏñÝ³Û ÷á˳ñÇÝ»É ½³ÝáÝù, ë³Ï³ÛÝ å¿ïù ¿ Ëáõë³÷ÇÉ ³õ»Éóáõ³Í ³Õ¿Ý:

γÃÁ »õ áëÏñ³÷ïáõÙÁ

Þ³ï ÙÁ ÏÇÝ»ñ ÏÁ ½³ñٳݳÝ, »ñµ Ï°ÇٳݳÝ, áñ ³ÙµáÕç Ï»³Ýù ÙÁ ϳà Ëٻɿ »ïù ï³Ï³õÇÝ áëÏñ³÷ïáõÙ (osteoporosis) áõÝÇÝ: ÖÇß¹ ¿, áñ ϳÃÝ»Õ¿Ý¿Ý »õ ³ÛÉ áõï»ÉÇùÝ»ñ¿ »ÏáÕ ÏÇñÁ (calcium) ϳñ»õáñ ¿ Ù»ñ áëÏáñÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ áëÏñ³÷ïáõÙÁ ϳÝ˳ñ·ÇÉ»Éáõ ѳٳñ ß³ï ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ý³Ïáõû³Ùµ ÏÇñÇ å¿ïù áõÝÇÝù ù³Ý áõï»ÉÇùÇ ÙÇçáóáí Ù»ñ ³éûñ»³Û ëå³é³ÍÁ: ä¿ïù ã¿ ÙáéݳÉ, áñ ÏÇñÇÝ ÏáÕùÇÝ ³éáÕç áëÏáñÝ»ñ áõݻݳÉáõ ѳٳñ ³ÝÑñ³Å»ßï ¿ ݳ»õ îÇ. »õ ø¿Û Ï»Ýë³ÝÇõûñÁ, magnesium-Á »õ ûñ³Ï³Ý Ù³ñ½³ÝùÁ:


2009 28 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

ÐúØ-Ç ²Ù¿Ýûñ»³Û ...

ØºÌ ºÔºèÜÆ

94-ð¸ î²ðº¸²ðÒÆ

යÎàâ²Î²Ü вܸÆêàôÂÆôÜ Î³½Ù³Ï»ñåáõû³Ùµ`

ÂàðàÜÂàÚÆ ØÆæ-Ú²ð²Üàô²Ü²Î²Ü زðØÜÆÜ Ð³Û ²õ»ï³ñ³Ý³Ï³Ý ºÏ»Õ»óÇ ê© ²ëïáõ³Í³ÍÇÝ Ð³Ûó© ²é³ù© ºÏ»Õ»óÇ ê© ¶ñÇ·áñ Èáõë³õáñÇã Ð³Û Î³ÃáÕÇÏ¿ ºÏ»Õ»óÇ ê© ºññáñ¹áõÃÇõÝ Ð³Ûó© ²é³ù© ºÏ»Õ»óÇ úñáõ³Ý ´³Ý³Ëûë`

ä²î© ¶ðƶàð ²Ô²ä²ÈúÔÈàô

(äáÉëáÛ Ð³Û ²õ»ï³ñ³Ý³Ï³Ý ºÏ»Õ»óÇÝ»ñáõ ø³ñá½Çã)

àõñµ³Ã« ²åñÇÉ 24« 2009 ºñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ijÙÁ 8£00-ÇÝ« ê© ºññáñ¹áõÃÇõÝ Ð³Ûó© ²é³ù© ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ Ù¿ç (920 Progress Avenue,Scarborough, Ontario M1G 3T8) Ò»éݳñÏÇ ³õ³ñïÇÝ« ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ ßñç³÷³ÏÇÝ Ù¿ç Ï³Ý·Ý³Í Ûáõß³ÏáÃáÕÇÝ ³éç»õ Ù¿Ï áõ Ï¿ë ÙÇÉÇáÝ ³ÝßÇñÇ٠ݳѳï³ÏÝ»ñáõ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ åÇïÇ Ï³ï³ñáõÇ ÙáÙ³í³éáõÃÇõÝ« ѳõ³ù³Ï³Ý ³ÕûÃù »õ ͳÕÏ»åë³ÏÇ ½»ï»ÕáõÙ:

ÐÇõñ³ëÇñáõÃÇõÝ` سϳñÇáë ²ñÃÇÝ»³Ý ëñ³ÑÇÝ Ù¿ç

Ðñ³õÇñáõ³Í ¿ ÂáñáÝÃáѳÛáõÃÇõÝÁ

ß³ñ ¿ç 5-¿Ý

Ú³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇÝ ÏáÕÙ¿ å³ïñ³ëïáõ³Í ËáñÑñ¹³å³ïÏ»ñ ÙÁ Ý»ñϳݻñáõÝ áõß³¹ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ·ñ³õ»ó »õ Çëϳå¿ë ѳ×áÛù å³ï׳é»ó µáÉáñÇÝ£ ²Ý ÏÁ å³ïÏ»ñ³óÝ¿ñ ÐúØ-Ç ²Ù¿Ýûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³ÝÇ »ñ»ù ³ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñ« áñáÝù Ó»éù-Ó»éùÇ µéÝ³Í ¿ÇÝ£ ä³ïÏ»ñÁ ³ÛÝù³Ý Û³çáÕ ¿ñ« áñ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñ ϳñ·Ç Ï»ó³Ý ³Ûë å³ïÏ»ñÇÝ Ñ»ï Ýϳñáõ»Éáõ£ гõ³ùáÛÃÇ ÁÝóóùÇÝ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñÁ ÑÇõñ³ëÇñáõ»ó³Ý ³é³ï »õ ï»ë³Ï³õáñ Ñ³Ù»Õ ×³ß»ñáí£ ÜáÛÝå¿ë í³Û»É»óÇÝ »ñÏáõ Ýáõ³·³ËáõÙµ»ñª §öÇõÝÇϦ »õ §öñÇÝë¿ë¦, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õª »ñÏáõ §DJ¦Ý»ñáõª §DJ Knucklehead¦ »õ §DJ Delirious¦, ˳ݹ³í³é »ñ³ÅßïáõÃÇõÝÁ ½áõ³ñ׳óáõó Ý»ñϳݻñÁ »õ §öÇõÝÇϦ-ÇÝ Ýáõ³·³Í ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý »ñ³Åßïáõû³Ý ³ÝËáõë³÷»ÉÇ Ñ»ï»õ³ÝùÁ »Õ³õ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñáõÝ Ï³½Ù³Í ßáõñçå³ñÁ: ²ÝϳëÏ³Í áñ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñÁ ·»ñ³½³Ýó Å³Ù³Ý³Ï ³ÝóáõóÇÝ ³Û¹ »ñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý£ Þñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñáõÝ ÝáõÇñáõ³Í ³Ûë Ó»éݳñÏÁ ³éÇà ëï»ÕÍ»ó í»ñ³Ýáñá·»Éáõ ϳå»ñÁ« ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ í»ñÛÇß»Éáõ Ñ³Û ¹åñáóÇÝ ¹»ñÁ ë÷ÇõéùÇÝ Ù¿ç£ î³ñÇÝ»ñáõÝ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñï ¹³ë³ñ³ÝÁ Û³×³Ë µ³Õ¹³ïáõ³Í ¿ ѳÛáó ëÇñ»ÉÇ ÏéáõÝÏÇÝ Ñ»ï« ³ÛÝ Ñ³Ùá½áõÙáí áñ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹Ý»ñÁ ûñ ÙÁ ³Ýå³ÛÙ³Ý í»ñ³¹³éÝ³Ý Çñ»Ýó í³ñųñ³ÝÝ áõ »ñÏñáñ¹ ïáõÝÁ£ ²Ûë ï³ñÇ« ö»ïñáõ³ñ 7-Ç ÇñÇÏáõÝÁª ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñÁ »ñ³Ù ϳ½Ù³Í Û³ïϳå¿ë í»ñ³¹³ñÓ³Ý áÕçáõÝ»Éáõ Çñ»Ýó í³ñųñ³ÝÁ£ Ú³ÛïÝÇ ¿ñ, áñ ³ÝáÝù ÙdzëݳϳÝáõÃÇõÝ ÏÁ ½·³ÛÇÝ£ ºñ³Ëï³å³ñï ¿ÇÝ ³ÛÝ ¹åñáóÇÝ« áñ ëï³ÝÓÝ»ó ϳñ»õáñ å³ñï³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ½Çñ»Ýù å³ïñ³ëï»Éáõ ·»ñ³½³Ýó áõëáõÙáí« ïÇå³ñ Ýϳñ³·ñáí »õ ³½·³ÛÇÝ á·Çáí£ ÌÝáÕùÇ ÝÙ³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÁ ·áõñ·áõñ³ó Çõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñ ³ß³Ï»ñïÇÝ£ лï»õ³µ³ñ Çõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñ ³ß³Ï»ñï ÷á˳¹³ñÓ³µ³ñ å³ñï³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ áõÝÇ ³Û¹ ÍÝáÕùÇÝ Ï³ñÇùÝ»ñÁ Ñᷳɣ ºë ѳÙá½áõ³Í »Ù, áñ ¹åñáóÇÝ ßñç³Ý³õ³ñïÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ å³ïñ³ëïáõÇÝ ³Û¹ å³ñï³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ëï³ÝÓÝ»Éáõ£ ²Û¹ ÙÇçáóÇÝ« ÏÁ ß³ñáõÝ³Ï»Ý Ù³ñï³Ññ³õ¿ñÝ»ñ ¹ÇÙ³·ñ³õ»É »õ Û³çáÕáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ïÇñ³Ý³É£ ²ÝÑñ³Å»ßï ¿, áñ ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ñ³Û ·³ÕáõÃÁ ÐúØ-Ç ²Ù¿Ýûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ Ý»óáõÏ Ï³Ý·ÝÇ£ ØdzÛÝ ³Û¹ Ó»õáí ¿, áñ Ùdzëݳµ³ñ ³Ï³Ý³ï»ë ÏñݳÝù ÁÉÉ³É ¸³ÝÇ¿É ì³ñáõųÝÇÝ ³ÝųٳÝó»ÉÇ ËûëùÇÝ ÇÙ³ëï³õáñÙ³Ý §úñÁ ³Ñ³ ÏþÇñÇÏݳݳ۩- Ïþ»ñϳñÇ ßáõùÁ ûõǹª ÑáñǽáÝÝ»ñ ³ëïÕ³ÛÇÝ©©©¦

´Ý³Ï³ñ³Ý³ÛÇÝ ³é»õïáõñÇ íëï³Ñ»ÉÇ »õ ³é³çݳϳñ· ëå³ë³ñÏáõû³Ý ѳٳñ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»É

e ð³ýýÇ î¿ñ l b a eli

R

Raffi D. Boghossian, B.A., MVA Broker Market Value Appraiser

EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES

Expect the best.

äûÕá뻳ÝÇÝ BUYING OR SELLING REAL ESTATE MAKE ME

YOUR #1 CHOICE

ÐúØ-Ç §èáõåÇݳ¦ Ù³ëݳ×ÇõÕÇ Ó»éݳñÏÝ»ñ

سëݳ×ÇõÕë Íñ³·ñ³Í ¿ Ñ»ï»õ»³É Ó»éݳñÏÝ»ñÁ, áñáÝó ÷³÷³ùÇÉ Ù³ëݳÏóáÕÝ»ñÁ ѳ×ÇÝ Ï³åáõÇɪ ÐúØ-Ç ì³ñãáõû³Ý ·ñ³ë»Ý»³Ïª 416 491 2900 ÁÝÏÑ. ¼áõ³ñà ̳ïáõñ»³ÝÇݪ 416 494 2950 ϳ٠»-ݳٳÏáíª arstorontoroubinachapter@yahoo.com

Loft Apartment $349,000 Yonge/Davisville

South facing 2 storey loft with 16’ 6” ceiling, 2 Bed­ rooms, 2 Balconies, open concept living/dining. back­ splash, parking and locker. Steps to subway and Yonge St. restaurants.

For Rent $1,800 Month Country Living in North Richmond Hill, approx 2 acres lot. House is sur­ rounded by million dollar homes, 4 bedrooms, large living and dining rooms. Wood burning stove.

Easy York Jem $499,900 Pape/O’Connor

A rare specious find, extensive­ ly updated. Two kitchens, sep­ arate entrance to newly fin­ ished basement apartment. Hardwood flooring, lovely backyard. Spacious patio deck.

Brand New Condo $235,000 Yonge/16th Ave.

A luxury at its best. “Vine­ yards” Phase 3 never lived in. Lower Penthouse suite with unobstructed southern exposure. One bedroom plus den. Open concept kitchen, living and dining room. Ex­ cellent Rec. facilities.

Detached Bungalow $285,000 McCowan/Lawrence

3 bedroom bungalow, fin­ ished basement with separate entrance. 2 kitchens, 2 sets of appliances, hardwood on main floor. Near Scarbor­ ough General Hospital. Mo­ tivated seller, Vacant.

COLDWELL BANKER EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES 3107 Sheppard Avenue East, Scarborough, Ontario M1T 3J7

416-497-9794 RAFFI raffi.db@sympatico.ca www.raffirealestate.com

- гÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ö³ß»ñáõ ¹³ëÁÝóóù` 10 ¹³ë. Ù¿Ï ³ÝÓÇ Ñ³Ù³ñª $100 - äñÇ×Ç ó»ñ»Ï³ÛÇÝ Ë³Õ»ñ 10 ¹³ë. Ù¿Ï ³ÝÓÇ Ñ³Ù³ñª $50 - ºáϳÛÇ ¹³ëÁÝóóùª 10 ¹³ë. Ù¿Ï ³ÝÓÇ Ñ³Ù³ñª $60

Bone Marrow Donor Drive The Armenian community is called upon to come out and give blood to be screened in order to find a donor match for 24 year old Aram Markosian of Detroit, Michigan, who has been diagnosed with Leukemia. All donors will be added to the international Armenian database. For further information please contact the ARS Social Services office between 10:00 - 2:00 at 416-495-0644.


29

A T M I T L

OU

A

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

RS

ºéûñ»³Û Þñç³åïáÛï

2,3 »õ 4 سÛÇë 2009

üÇɳï»Éýdz »õ ²ÃɳÝÃÇù êÇÃÇ Ð»é³Ó³Ûݻɪ ´¿Ýݳ ³ñ½ÇÇ 416- 494 4067 905-672-8184 see answers reversed on this page

Lilia’s

Dr. Raffi Aynaciyan braces for children and adults

ALTERATIONS

All kind of professional alterations & repairs Custom made dresses for women

D.D.S., M.Cl.D., F.R.C.D.(C)

Orthodontist Richmond Hill (Hillcrest Mall): 9350 Yonge Street, Suite 216 905-884-4161 North York: 3333 Bayview Avenue, Suite 203 416-221-0660

лé: 416 491 2900 ext. 3 7 Meadowacres Drive, Scarborough, Ont. M1T 1A9 liliakostanyan@yahoo.ca

647.343.8977

Math Tutoring (Gr.5 – Gr.12)

Hamaz Tashjian

Sales Representative

416-490-1177

HOMELIFE NEW WORLD REALTY INC.

Math Contests Preparations

(Gauss, Pascal etc.)

Arto Hacherian

ahacherian@hotmail.com

416-495-1513 ÊÙµ³·Çñ

Torontohye Newspaper Publisher Torontohye communications Inc. 45 Hallcrown Place Willowdale, ON M2J 4Y4 Email:torontohye@gmail.com Phone: (416) 491- 2900 ext. 3 Fax: (416) 491- 2211

γñÇÝ ê³ÕïÁ×»³Ý

²ß˳ï³ÏÇóÝ»ñ ²ñßû ¼³ù³ñ»³Ý êáõñ¿Ý â¿ùÇ×»³Ý ê³ñÇÏ ä³å»³Ý öáÉ Âéݳٻ³Ý ê³ñû ²Ûݿ׻³Ý

ì³ñã³Ï³Ý å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ²ñ÷Ç ÞÇÃÇÉ»³Ý

²ÝáÝù áñáÝù Ï°áõ½»Ý µ³Å³Ýáñ¹³·ñáõÇÉ §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦÇÝ, ÏñÝ³Ý Ï³åáõÇÉ ËÙµ³·ñ³ïáõݪ

torontohye@gmail.com

Ara Graphics

Downtown Toronto: 11 King Street West, Suite C115 416-363-3018

´³Å³Ýáñ¹³·ñáõÇñ §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦÇÝ

looking for nanny Looking for a live-in nanny to take care of a new born and household duties starting August 2009. Please reply to lchano@hotmail.com

¾ç³¹ñáõÙ ²ñ³ î¿ñ Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ»³Ý

FOR RENT

1 8 8 5 a L a w r e n c e Av e . E Lawrence & Pharmacy

Fully Renovated over store appartment 4 new appliances 2 bedroom, living room kitchen, laundry room and full bathroom

call: Gerard 416-697-3814

Editor

Karin Saghdejian

̳ÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñ ²Ý³å¿É Þ³ñáÛ»³Ý

Advertisements

лé.ª 416-871-4424

Anabel Sharouyan Phone: 416- 871-4424 Sevag Haroutunian Phone: 416- 878-0746

ê»õ³Ï Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ»³Ý лé.ª 416-878-0746

Design & Graphics:

Ara Ter Haroutunian Email: aragraphics@gmail.com


2009 30¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42


31

²äðÆÈ 2009 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

Ardenian Flowers LTD, the biggest flower shop located in Brampton is getting ready to celebrate its first successful business year. Over this time many things changed. The staff has increased to a total of 5 of the industry's finest designers, and delivery personnel. To service the ever-growing client base, new Point of Sale computer software plus a fully automated telephone system have been integrated. The www.ardenianflorist.com website is modified, updated and improved constantly. Ardenian Flowers LTD. is extremely proud to be the leading florist in the Greater Toronto Area. Radio dispatched delivery vehicles cover the largest delivery area of any florist in Toronto and surrounding areas, which allows us to offer unsurpassed customer service. In addition, our team can offer service in many different languages, including Armenian, Russian, English, Portuguese and Polish. The continued partnership with Teleflora has allowed Ardenian Flowers LTD to expand out of town service as well to a point where Ardenian Flowers currently ranks among the top 3 best florists in Brampton and Mississauga. Simply put, when it comes to great quality flowers delivered or wired out anywhere, Ardenian Flowers LTD is the professional florist to choose. Ardenian Flowers LTD will continue to be the best in providing customer service and quality from some of the biggest corporations in GTA to the one time purchaser on a holiday for a special someone, we are rewarded every day by our clients' trust and confidence. We sincerely look forward to serving you. If there is anything you need please do not hesitate to call. Naira Ardenia

Ara Graphics

Tel:905-450-2006 Toll free: 1-888-450-2006 ardenianflowers@gmail.com w w w. a r d e n i a n f l o w e r s . c o m 10 Wilkinson Rd., Unit #9., Brampton, ON L6T 5B1


2009 32 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 42

TorontoHye Newspaper Volume 4, #6-42 - April 2009  

TorontoHye Newspaper, the largest Armenian community newspaper in the Greater Toronto Area, which distributes to more than 3,000 households...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you