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Volume 8, No. 3 (86), December 2012 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper

À. î³ñÇ ÂÇõ 3 (86),¸»Ïï»Ùµ»ñ 2012 Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ, ÀÝÏ»ñ³ÛÇÝ, ²Ûɳ½³Ý ä³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃ

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¶ñ»ó¿ù Ù»½Ç §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ Çñ ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñ¿Ý ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ËÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý áõÕÕáõ³Í ϳñÍÇùÝ»ñ ÏÁ ëï³Ý³Û Ù»ù»Ý³·ñáõ³Í »õ áõÕÕáõ³Í Ñ»ï»õ»³É »É»ÏïñáÝÇù ѳëó¿Çݪ Email: torontohye@gmail.com


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àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ÊáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ü³Ë³·³ÑÁ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³Õ ²Ûó»É»ó àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõû³Ý ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ ÊáñË¿ úñÇùáÝ, áñ å³ßïûÝ³Ï³Ý ³Ûó»Éáõû³Ùµ г۳ëï³Ý ÏÁ ·ïÝáõ¿ñ, 13 ÜáÛ»Ùµ»ñÇÝ Ù»ÏÝ³Í ¿ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõÃÇõÝ: êï»÷³Ý³Ï»ñïÇ Ù¿ç ݳ˳·³Ñ úñÇùáÝÁ ¹ÇÙ³õáñ³Í ¿ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÇ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ ´³Ïû ê³Ñ³Ï»³Ý: ´³ñÓñ³ëïÇ×³Ý ûï³ñ ÑÇõñÁ ¹ÇÙ³õáñ»Éáõ ѳٳñ, êï»÷³Ý³Ï»ñïÇ ì»ñ³ÍÝáõÝ¹Ç Ññ³å³ñ³ÏÇÝ íñ³Û ÑáÍ µ³½ÙáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ ѳõ³ùáõ³Í ¿ñ: àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ý³Ë³·³ÑÇÝ Ï°ÁÝÏ»ñ³Ý³ñ ÐÚ¸ ´ÇõñáÛÇ ³Ý¹³Ù ì³Ñ³Ý ÚáíѳÝÝÇ뻳Ý: ܳ˳·³Ñ ´³Ïû ê³Ñ³Ï»³Ý ݳ˳·³Ñ úñÇùáÝÇ Ñ»ï ùÝݳñÏ³Í ¿ ²ñó³Ë-àõñáõÏáõ¿Û »ñÏÏáÕÙ³ÝÇ Û³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ½³ñ·³óÙ³Ý ³éÝãáõáÕ Ñ³ñó»ñáõ ɳÛÝ ßñç³Ý³Ï ÙÁ: Üß»Ýù, áñ ³Ýó»³É ê»åï»Ùµ»ñÇÝ, àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ³ñï³ùÇÝ ·áñÍáó ݳ˳ñ³ñ ÈáõÇë ²ÉÙ³ÏñûÝ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ³Í ¿ñ, ÿ Çñ ϳé³í³ñáõÃÇõÝÁ Ó»éݳñÏ³Í ¿ ²ñó³ËÇ Ï³ñ·³íÇ׳ÏÇ Ù³ëÇÝ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñáõû³Ý ÙÁ Ùß³ÏÙ³Ý ·áñÍÇÝ: ²ÉÙ³Ïñû ³Û¹ ³éÃÇõ Û³ÛïÝ³Í ¿ñ, ÿ ÇÝù ³ÝÓݳå¿ë ѳÙá½áõ³Í ¿, áñ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÁ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý Ð³Û³ëï³ÝÇÝ Ù³ë ÏÁ ϳ½Ù¿ »õ áñ ³Ý å¿ïù ¿ ³ÝÏ³Ë ÁÉÉ³Û áõ ϳñ× Å³Ù³Ý³Ï³ÙÇçáó ÙÁ »ïù ÙÇ³Ý³Û Ð³Û³ëï³ÝÇÝ: ²Ûë ³Ûó»Éáõû³Ùµ` ýñ³Ýë³óÇ, éáõë »õ ³õëïñdzóÇ å³ï·³Ù³õáñÝ»ñ¿Ý »ïù ä³ùáõÇ ë»õ óáõó³ÏÇÝ íñ³Û Û³ÛïÝáõ»ó³Ý ݳ»õ ÊáñË¿ úñÇùáÝ »õ ³Ýáñ ·É˳õáñ³Í å³ïáõÇñ³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ:

§²ÛÉ ÄáÕáíáõñ¹Ý»ñ ºõë àõÝÇÝ ÆÝùÝáñáßÙ³Ý Æñ³õáõÝù¦, гëï³ï»ó úñÇùû

14 ÜáÛ»Ùµ»ñÇÝ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÇ ²½·³ÛÇÝ ÅáÕáíÇ ÝÇëï»ñáõ ¹³ÑÉÇ×ÇÝ Ù¿ç ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³Í ³ñó³ËóÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³Ý³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ»ï ѳݹÇåÙ³Ý ÁÝóóùÇÝ ÊáñË¿ úñÇùû

ÈÔРݳ˳·³Ñ ´³Ïû ê³Ñ³Ï»³Ý Ï°ÁݹáõÝÇ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ý³Ë³·³ÑÝ áõ ³Ýáñ ·É˳õáñ³Í å³ïáõÇñ³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ

Û³ÛïÝ»ó, áñ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ Ù¿ç Ï°ÁݹáõÝÇÝ »õ ÏÁ ѳëÏݳÝ, ÿ ³ÛÉ ÅáÕáíáõñ¹Ý»ñ »õë ÇÝùÝáñáßÙ³Ý ûñÇÝ³Ï³Ý ÷³÷³ù áõÝÇÝ£ гݹÇåÙ³Ý ÁÝóóùÇÝ ²½·³ÛÇÝ ÅáÕáíÇ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ ²ßáï ÔáõÉ»³Ý Û³ÛïÝ»ó, áñ ÊáñË¿ úñÇùû ÏÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ¿ ȳïÇÝ³Ï³Ý ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ù¿ç ·ïÝáõáÕ Ñ»é³õáñ »ñÏÇñ áõ ÅáÕáíáõñ¹ ÙÁ, áñ ßáõñç Ù¿Ï ¹³ñáõ µ³ñ»Ï³Ù³Ï³Ý ë»ñï ϳå»ñ »õ ³éÝãáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ áõÝÇ Ñ³Û ÅáÕáíáõñ¹ÇÝ Ñ»ï£ ÔáõÉ»³Ý ݳ»õ ß»ßï»ó, áñ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÁ ³ß˳ñÑÇ ³é³çÇÝ »ñÏÇñÝ ¿, áñ 1965-ÇÝ å»ï³Ï³Ýûñ¿Ý ׳Ýãó³õ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁª ³ÛëåÇëáí ÷³ëïûñ¿Ý ëÏǽµ ¹Ý»Éáí 20ñ¹ ¹³ñáõÝ Ù³ñ¹Ïáõû³Ý ¹¿Ù ϳï³ñáõ³Í ³Û¹ ٻͳ·áÛÝ á×ñ³·áñÍáõû³Ý ÙÇç³½·³ÛÇÝ ×³Ý³ãÙ³Ý »õ ¹³ï³å³ñïÙ³Ý ·áñÍÁÝóóÇÝ: ÔáõÉ»³Ý ݳ»õ Ýß»ó, áñ àõñáõÏáõ¿Û ³ß˳ñÑÇ ³é³çÇÝ »ñÏÇñÝ»ñ¿Ý ¿, áñ 1992 سÛÇëÇ 27-ÇÝ ×³Ýãó³õ »õ ¹Çõ³Ý³·Çï³Ï³Ý Û³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ѳëï³ï»ó ³ÝϳË, ÇÝùÝÇßË³Ý Ð³Û³ëï³ÝÇ Ð³Ýñ³å»ïáõû³Ý Ñ»ï£ ²å³ ³Ý Áë³õ, áñ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÁ Ù¿ÏÝ ¿ ³ß˳ñÑÇ ³ÛÝ »ñÏÇñÝ»ñ¿Ý, áñáÝù ÁÙµéÝáõÙáí »õ ѳٳÏñ³Ýùáí Ï°ÁÝÏ³É»Ý ³ñó³Ë³Ñ³Ûáõû³Ý ³½·³ÛÇÝ ³-

§ä³ïÇõÁ àõÝÇÝù гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ Ö³ÝãóáÕ ²é³çÇÝ ºñÏÇñÁ ÀÉɳÉáõ¦ Ú³ÛïÝ»ó úñÇùû

àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ ÊáñË¿ úñÇùû »õ ³Ýáñ ·É˳õáñ³Í å³ïáõÇñ³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ 16 ÜáÛ»Ùµ»ñÇÝ ³Ûó»É»óÇÝ ÌÇÍ»éݳϳµ»ñ¹:

ä³ßïûÝ³Ï³Ý ³Ûó»Éáõû³Ùµ г۳ëï³Ý ·ïÝáõáÕ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ ÊáñË¿ úñÇùû »õ ³Ýáñ ·É˳õáñ³Í å³ïáõÇñ³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ 16 ÜáÛ»Ùµ»ñÇÝ ³Ûó»É»óÇÝ ÌÇÍ»éݳϳµ»ñ¹: àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ µ³ñÓñ³ëïÇ×³Ý ÑÇõñ»ñÁ` г۳ëï³ÝÇ ²½·³ÛÇÝ ÅáÕáíÇ ÷áËݳ˳·³Ñ ¾¹áõ³ñ¹ Þ³ñÙ³½³ÝáíÇ áõÕ»Ïóáõû³Ùµ

ͳÕÏ»åë³Ï ½»ï»Õ»óÇÝ ³ÝÙ³ñ Ïñ³ÏÇÝ ³éç»õ: гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý óݷ³ñ³Ý-ÑÇÙݳñÏÇ ïÝûñ¿Ý гÛÏ ¸»ÙáÛ»³Ý ÑÇõñ»ñáõÝ Í³Ýûóóáõó 20-ñ¹ ¹³ñÇ Ù»Í³·áÛÝ á×ÇñÁ ÷³ëïáÕ óáõó³ÝÙáõßÝ»ñáõÝ: úñÇùû óݷ³ñ³ÝÇ ïå³õáñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ٳﻳÝÇÝ Ù¿ç Ñ»ï»õ»³É ·ñ³éáõÙÁ ϳï³ñ»ó. §àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ³ÝáõÝáí ÏñÏÇÝ Ï°Áݹáõ-

ÝÇÝù ³ÛÝ å³Ûù³ñÁ, ½áñ ÏÁ ï³ÝÇù: γñ»ÉÇ ã¿ Û³é³ç³Ý³É ¹¿åÇ ³å³·³Û` ³é³Ýó Ý»ñÏ³Ý ×³ÝãݳÉáõ ѳëï³ï³Ï³Ùáõû³Ý¦: ²Ý ËáñÑñ¹³Ýß³Ï³Ý Í³é ïÝÏ»ó ÚÇßáÕáõû³Ý åáõñ³ÏÇÝ Ù¿ç: úñÇùû Áݹ·Í»ó, áñ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÁ å³ïÇõÁ áõÝ»ó³Í ¿ ÁÉɳÉáõ ³é³çÇÝ »ñÏÇñÁ, áñ ׳Ýãó³Í ¿ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ:

½³ï³·ñáõû³Ý Ó·ïáõÙÝ»ñÁ, Çñ Ï»³ÝùÁ ÇÝùÝáõñáÛÝ Ï»ñåáí ïÝûñÇÝ»Éáõ ϳÙùÁ, ³Û¹ áõÕÕáõû³Ùµ ·áñͳ¹ñ³Í ÑëÏ³Û³Ï³Ý áõ ³ÝÓÝáõñ³ó ç³Ýù»ñÁ »õ ³ÝáÝó ³ñ¹ÇõÝùÁ ѳݹÇë³óáÕª ³ÝÏ³Ë å»ï³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ: ²å³ Çñ ϳñ·ÇÝ, úñÇùû Ýß»ó, áñ Çñ»Ý »õ Çñ ·áñÍÁÝÏ»ñÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ ß³ï ѳ׻ÉÇ ¿ ·ïÝáõÇÉ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÇ, áõñ Çñ»Ýó Ýϳïٳٵ óáõó³µ»ñáõ³Í ç»ñÙ ÁݹáõÝ»ÉáõÃÇõÝÁ å³ñï³õáñ»óÝáÕ ¿: ²Ý ³Ý¹ñ³¹³éݳÉáí »ñÏñÇ Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ñ³Ù³ÛÝùÇݪ Û³ÛïÝ»ó, áñ ѳۻñÁ ¹¿åÇ àõñáõÏáõ¿Û ·³ÕûÉáõ ëÏë³Í »Ý ݳËáñ¹ ¹³ñáõ ëÏǽµÝ»ñÁª 1915-¿Ý Ç í»ñ, гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ǵñ»õ Ñ»ï»õ³Ýù£ ²Ýáñ ѳٳӳÛÝ, àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÁ ³ß˳ñÑÇ ³ÛÝ ï³ëÝÙ¿Ï »ñÏÇñÝ»ñ¿Ý ¿, áñ 1920-ÇÝ ÏáÕÙ ùáõ¿³ñÏ³Í ¿ ²½·»ñáõ ÈÇϳ г۳ëï³ÝÇ ÁݹáõÝٳݣ ²Ý ѳëï³ï»ó, áñ ³Ûë Ù¿ÏÁ ɳõ ÷³ëï ¿ ѳÛáõû³Ý Ýϳïٳٵ Çñ»Ýó áõÝ»ó³Í í»ñ³µ»ñáõÙÇÝ, áñ Ïáõ ·³Û ݳËÝÇÝ»ñ¿Ý »õ ǵñ»õ å³ï·³Ù ÏÁ ÷á˳ÝóáõÇ Û³çáñ¹áÕ ë»ñáõݹݻñáõÝ£ ²Ý ¹Çï»É ïáõ³õ, áñ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³Ý³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ý³Ë³Ó»éÝáõû³Ùµ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ Ù¿ç µ³óáõÙÁ åÇïÇ Ï³ï³ñáõÇ Ð³Ûáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý óݷ³ñ³ÝÇÝ£

§Ø»Ýù ù³ç ÏÁ ·Çï³ÏóÇÝù, ÿ ÇÝã Çñ³íÇ×³Ï ÏÁ ïÇñ¿ Ñáë, áõñ ÏÁ ·ïÝáõÇÝù ³Ûëûñ£ Ø»Ýù ÏáÕÙݳÏÇó »Ýù ѳϳٳñïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ Ë³Õ³Õ Ï³ñ·³õáñÙ³Ý »õ å³ïñ³ëï³Ï³Ù »Ýù ѳٳ·áñͳÏó»Éáõ ³ÛÝ µáÉáñ ѳñó»ñáõÝ ·Íáí, áñáÝù ÏÁ ÙÇïÇÝ Ñ³Ï³Ù³ñïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ Ë³Õ³Õ Ï³ñ·³õáñٳݦ, ѳëï³ï³Í ¿ ³Ý: úñÇùû Ýß»ó, áñ ßñç³Ý »Ï³Í »Ý ½áõï ˳ճÕáõû³Ý ³é³ù»Éáõû³Ùµ. §ºÃ¿ Ù»ñ ϳñÇùÁ áõݻݳù, ³å³ Ù»Ýù å³ïñ³ëï »Ýù Ó»½Ç ³ç³Ïó»Éáõ¦, Áë³Í ¿ ³Ý: ²å³ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³Ý³Ï³Ý å³ïáõÇñ³ÏáõÃÇõÝÁ ³Ûó»É»ó ÞáõßÇÇ Ê³ã³ïáõñ ²µáí»³ÝÇ ³Ýáõ³Ý ¹åñáó, ³å³ ׳ݳãáÕ³Ï³Ý ßñç³·³Ûáõû³Ùµ Ù»ÏÝ»ó³Ý ¶³ÝÓ³ë³ñÇ í³Ýù: Üß»Ýù ÿ ²ñó³ËÇ Ù¿ç å³ïáõÇñ³Ïáõû³Ý ³Ý¹³ÙÝ»ñÁ ѳݹÇåáõÙ áõÝ»ó³Ý ²ñó³ËÇ Ù¿ç ѳëï³ïáõ³Í Ñ³Û ·³ÕóϳÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ»ï, Éë»óÇÝ ³ÝáÝó å³ïÙáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ` Û³ïϳå¿ë í»ñçÇÝ 20 ï³ñÇÝ»ñáõÝ í»ñ³µ»ñáÕ: ÊáñË¿ úñÇùû Ëáëïáí³Ý»ó³õ, áñ Çñ»Ýù ϳñÇù áõÝÇÝ ·³ÕóϳÝÝ»ñáõÝ ïñ³Ù³¹ñ³Í ï»Õ»ÏáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ, áñå¿ë½Ç ëÏëÇÝ ½µ³ÕÇÉ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³ÕÇ Ñ³ñóáí:

ä³ùáõ ´áÕáù³·Çñ ØÁ ÎÁ ÚÕ¿ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ÜáÛ»Ùµ»ñ 14-ÇÝ, ²½ñå¿Û׳ÝÇ Çß˳ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ µáÕáù³·Çñ ÙÁ ÛÕ³Í »Ý àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ Çß˳Ýáõû³Ýóª ùÝݳ¹³ï»Éáí àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ ÊáñË¿ úñÇùáÛÇ ÏáÕÙ¿ È»éݳÛÇÝ Ô³ñ³µ³Õ ϳï³ñáõ³Í å³ßïûÝ³Ï³Ý ³Ûó»ÉáõÃÇõÝÁ: ²ñï³ùÇÝ ·áñÍáó ݳ˳ñ³ñáõû³Ý µ³Ýµ»ñÁ Áë³Í ¿, ÿ ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ê÷ÇõéùÁ ÝÙ³Ý ³ñ³ñùÝ»ñáí ÏÁ ÷áñÓ¿ ²½ñå¿Û׳ÝÇ Ñ³Ùµ»ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ÷áñÓ»É, »õ ÿ §ºñ»õ³ÝÁ ß³ï ɳõ ÏÁ ѳëϳݳÛ, áñ ²½ñå¿Û×³Ý áõÝÇ µáÉáñ Ñݳñ³õáñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁª Çñ ë»÷³Ï³Ý ÑáÕ»ñÁ í»ñ³¹³ñÓÝ»Éáõ¦, ÙÇ³Å³Ù³Ý³Ï ß»ßï»Éáí, ÿ ä³ùáõ §ÏÁ ѳõ³ï³Û Õ³ñ³µ³Õ»³Ý ѳϳٳñïáõû³Ý ϳñ·³õáñٳݪ Ë³Õ³Õ ×³Ý³å³ñÑáí¦: §ÂáÕ áã áù ϳëÏ³Í áõݻݳÛ, ÿ Ù»ñ ÑáÕ»ñÁ åÇïÇ í»ñ³¹³ñÓáõÇÝ: ò³õûù, áñáß ßñç³Ý³ÏÝ»ñ ·Çï³Ïó³µ³ñ ë³¹ñÇã ù³ÛÉ»ñáõ ÏÁ ¹ÇÙ»Ý ï³ñ³Í³ßñç³Ý¿Ý Ý»ñë, ÇÝã áñ ÏñÝ³Û Ï³óáõÃÇõÝÁ áÕµ»ñ·áõû³Ý ѳëóݻɦ, Ýß³Í ¿ ³Ýª ß»ßï»Éáí, áñ ³½ñå¿Û×³Ý³Ï³Ý ÏáÕÙÁ åÇïÇ Ñ»ï³åݹ¿ ³Ûë ÙÇç³¹¿åÁ: ²ñó³Ë ³Ûó»ÉáÕ àõñáõÏáõ¿Û-г۳ëï³Ý ÙÇçËáñÑñ¹³ñ³Ý³Ï³Ý µ³ñ»Ï³-

Ùáõû³Ý ËÙµ³ÏÇ Õ»Ï³í³ñ »õ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ ²ñï³ùÇÝ Û³ñ³µ»ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ Û³ÝÓݳÅáÕáíÇ ³Ý¹³Ù èáõå¿Ý سñÃÇÝ»½ àõ»ÉÙû Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ³Í ¿ñ, ÿ ѳõ³Ý³Ï³Ý ¿, áñ àõñáõÏáõ¿Û ÙûïÇÏ ³å³·³ÛÇÝ ×³ÝãÝ³Û ²ñó³ËÇ Ñ³Ýñ³å»ïáõÃÇõÝÁ: Ú³ïϳÝß³Ï³Ý ¿, áñ ²ñųÝÃÇÝÇ Ùûï ²½ñå¿Û׳ÝÇ ¹»ëå³ÝÁ, áñ ݳ»õ àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ Ùûï ²½ñå¿Û׳ÝÇ ¹»ëå³ÝÝ ¿, àõñáõÏáõ¿ÛÇ ËáñÑñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ý³Ë³·³Ñ ÊáñË¿ úñÇùáÛÇ Ñ»ï ѳݹÇåáõÙ ÙÁ áõÝ»ó³Í ¿ñª ³Ýáñ г۳ëï³Ý ³Ûó»ÉáõÃ»Ý¿Ý ù³ÝÇ ÙÁ ûñ ³é³ç ÙdzÛÝ:

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11

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ݳ˳ëÇñáõÃÇõÝ: Èáõë³ÝϳñÁ ݳ»õ ÷á˳ݳÏáõ³Í ¿ñ ü¿ÛëåáõùÇ íñ³Û, áõñ ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ý Ù¿Ï ÙÇÉÇáÝ Ñá·Ç §ëÇñ³Í¦ ¿ñ ½³ÛÝ (³ÛëÇÝùݪ Like Áñ³Í ¿ñ): ܳ˳å¿ë ³Ù¿Ý¿Ý ³õ»ÉÇ ÷á˳ݳÏáõ³Í ÃáõÇÃÇÝ Ùñó³ÝÇßÁ ÏÁ å³ïϳݿñ Ö³ëÃÇÝ äÇåÁñÇ, áñ ѳõ³ù³Í ¿ñ 223 ѳ½³ñ ÃáõÇûñ: ²ÛÅÙ ³Ý ÏÁ ·ñ³õ¿ »ññáñ¹ ¹ÇñùÁ: úå³Ù³ÛÇ Ù¿Ï ³ÛÉ ÃáõÇÃÁ` §öá˳ݳϿ¯ ³Ûë ÃáõÇÃÁ, »Ã¿ ³Ûë ·Çß»ñ Ù³ë ÏÁ ϳ½Ù»ë úå³Ù³ÛÇ Ñ³Ù³ÏÇñÝ»ñáõݦ, ÷á˳ݳÏáõ³Í ¿ ³õ»ÉÇ ù³Ý 236 ѳ½³ñ ³Ý·³Ù: гٳó³ÝóÇ íñ³Û ÁÝÏ»ñ³ÛÇÝ Ï³å»ñáõ ó³Ýó»ñáí ëï»ÕÍáõ³Í Éñ³ïáõ³ÙÇçáóÝ»ñÁ (sociam media) ÷á˳ñÇß³ñ. ï»ë. ¿ç 29


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2012 20¼.¸ºÎîºØ´ºð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 86

by Araxie Altounian

TORONTO ARMENIANS

A Brilliant Concert Featuring Cellist Narek Hakhnazaryan and Sinfonia Toronto

On October 27, music lovers in Toronto had the unique opportunity to hear a young Armenian talent, cellist Narek Hakhnazaryan, in concert at the George Weston Recital Hall. The event was the opening Gala concert of Sinfonia Toronto’s 2012-2013 season, and was presented with the support of the Canadian Armenian Association for the Performing Arts (CAAPA). Sinfonia Toronto has a well established reputation in our city. Founded by Maestro Nurhan Arman in 1998, the Sinfonia holds its regular concert series in the CBC Glenn Gould Studio in Toronto, participates in various Canadian music festivals, and tours internationally, winning glowing reviews. It has released four CDs, including a Juno Award winner, Flanders Fields Reflections. In addition to its rich repertoire from the 19th Cellist Narek Hakhnazaryan and 20th centuries, Sinfonia Toronto has premiered many new compositions, some of Conservatory. Mentored by the late Mstislav which are commissioned from its own Rostropovich, Narek has emerged as one of the world’s most outstanding young cellists. composer-in-residence. Maestro Nurhan Arman, whose prolific Since his victory at the Tchaikovsky career takes him to major music centres in Competition, he has performed internationally North America, Europe, Russia, and Armenia, with major orchestras. For his Toronto debut concert, Narek brings his international experience to his orchestra as well as his audience through his chose to perform the Cello Concerto No. 1 in choice of soloists, both from the international C Major by Joseph Haydn, the work that he and Canadian scene, and his creative had played at the Tchaikovsky competition. programing that includes his own In this work from the great Classical master, arrangements of works for his string orchestra. Narek displayed great sensitivity, beautiful For the opening Gala concert of its 14th lyricism, an excellent technical command and season, Sinfonia Toronto featured the young a full understanding of the stylistic subtleties Armenian rising star, Narek Hakhnazaryan of the work, as well as a wonderful who was awarded the 2011 International communicative ability with his audience. Next, Tchaikovsky Competition Gold Medal, as well he performed Variations on one String on a as the Audience Favourite Prize in the Cello theme by Rossini (also known as Moses category, thus becoming the second Armenian Variations) by Niccolo Paganini. This 19th to win a Gold Medal in this most prestigious century piece allowed the young cellist to classical music competition, held every four show his intensely expressive side, his years in Moscow. Born in Yerevan in 1988, dazzling virtuosity as well as his sense of Narek Hakhnazaryan trained at the Moscow humour. Originally written for violin, the entire Conservatory and the New England piece is to be played on only one string.

by Tanya Ohanian After a long love affair with sound, Ara Dabandjian finally relinquished his soul to the world. He awoke one morning with an epiphany, leading him to dismiss his business-driven society and embrace his calling as a traditional Armenian musician. Prevailing over the shackles of the material world, he left the suit in 2005 and began his journey into the creation of Element Band. This release was a long time coming. “Music was always around in my house,” Ara says. His parents were very musical and he has fond memories of warm summer nights in Beirut, as they sat on the balcony listening to his mother’s soothing voice crooning alongside the melodies of his father’s mandolin. Inspired at a young age, he found himself sneaking into his parents’ room to pluck the strings of his father’s mandolin, now a family heirloom. The youngest of five siblings, young Ara wasn’t punished for his curiosity, but rather encouraged to surrender to his unconscious longing for sound. His almost perfect childhood was tainted by the Lebanese Civil War, and when he was 14 his family relocated to the United States. His attraction to music only intensified within the confines of an unfamiliar Southern California culture, and at the age of 17 he decided he “wanted to make music and only music.” Then as life would have it, as a first generation American, the weeds of reality sprouted, postponing his dreams of harmony and rhythm. The beginning of his adult life was dedicated to finding a way to secure a comfortable standard of living before he could one day relieve his ache for music. He

Sinfonia Toronto performing at the George Weston Recital Hall, October 27.

French cellist Pierre Fournier’s arrangement served as basis for the version played by Narek, with an orchestral arrangement by Nurhan Arman. The audience, obviously overjoyed by the discovery of the wonderful young talent, exploded in applause, giving Narek a standing ovation. The second half of the concert was dedicated to three Armenian composers, two of whom were personal friends of the conductor, and passed away in 2012. First among them was Alexander Arutunian who has gained international acclaim with his compositions. His Sinfonietta, a multimovement work, reflected the composer’s typical effervescent, highly energetic style. In utter contrast, the following work was an Elegy titled “Shushanik”, by Edward Mirzoyan. An appropriate choice indeed, since Mirzoyan passed away recently, on October 5, 2012. The composer had written this deeply moving work for his mother who shared the name Shushanik with an Armenian legendary heroine. Many Toronto Armenians will

remember Mirzoyan’s visit to our city in April 2002, on the occasion of the premier of his work, Theme and Variations for String Orchestra, by Sinfonia Toronto, at the Glenn Gould Studio. The last work on the program was Aram Khatchaturian’s ever popular Masquerade Suite excerpted from the incidental music that he composed for a drama by Mikhail Lermontov, and presented on this occasion in a string arrangement by Nurhan Arman. Both the program and Sinfonia Toronto’s performance were very well received by the audience members who expressed their enthusiasm with long, feverish applause. Bringing an Armenian talent of Narek Hakhnazaryan’s caliber to Toronto is not an easy task. The last time the Toronto Armenian audience enjoyed listening to an international competition laureate was in 1994, soon after Armen Babakhanian won fourth prize at the Van Cliburn piano competition (USA).

On the Second Wind simultaneously worked two jobs and went to school full time, with music always on his mind. Like many other enthusiastic teenagers with passion burning in their hearts, his dream was to make large sums of money and then retire so he could devote himself entirely to music. “Finally 22 years later, I discovered I was a bad businessman and realized that instead of being a starving businessman I would become a starving musician,” Ara says. So they sang the songs of Armenia – an ancient civilization born with a pure heart and a stubborn soul. Ara Dabandjian transformed himself into a master arranger of the traditional Armenian sound, introducing a brilliant fusion of gypsy jazz, flamenco, tango and rembetika, underground Greek music. It is the translation of historical thought into waves of sound that resonate with all generations, making it the kind of music teenagers can listen to with their grandmothers. A red door graces the cover of their first album, “Yev o Phe.” Designed by Harry Vorperian, the director of Horizon TV, the door is meant to signify Element Band’s fiery entry into the music world. The album includes rearranged gems of traditional Armenian folk music from centuries past including my personal favorite, “Sari Siroon Yar.” The development of sound continues through his second album “Oo,” a celebration of multicultural elements drawing from traditional Armenian, Mexican, Greek and Persian folk music. Also included are the original songs “Envy” and the upbeat first track “Aghounig,” the latter written by his good friend Armen Movsisyan.

The Element Band, Photo by Armen Poghosyan

Although Ara is the sole composer and arranger of Element Band, he says he would be nowhere without the help of his fellow musicians. Current instrumentalists in the band are Shant Mahserejian who offers an edgy take on the violin; smiley guy Armen Meshefejian on drums and percussion; bassist Roman Samokish with deadpan humor; and Krikor Sarafian, the guitarist who’s known as the “good guy.” All have lives apart from music, but somehow there is a pull, an enchanting musical goddess that lures them in. Shant points out that when you have a “great appreciation for something, you automatically have a yearning to make it part of your life.” If the instrumentals are the body of the music, then surely the vocals of Element Band are the thoughts that move it. The entrancing voices of Karni Hadidian and Soseh

Keshishyan are uniquely intermixed with the strong tenor of Heibert Sarian. The vocalists collaborate in the band and then “fly away” as Ara likes to refer to it. “The singers come in very passionately, but after a while they want to leave and do their own thing.” The band is in constant evolutionary movement, with members coming and going. Element band offers them a platform to express their talents, acting as a stepping stone toward their own personal paths. Ara believes in the notion of “preservation of youth by association,” meaning that he remains young at heart by performing alongside young talented musicians. The same rings true for his music. By bringing in his innovative interpretation he is keeping the backbone of Armenian music free from the breakdown of arthritis. (Yerevan Magazine)


¸ºÎîºØ´ºð 2012 À. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 86

TORONTO ARMENIANS

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$21.4 Million Pledged in Annual Telethon The 15th annual Diaspora-wide fundraising drive held in Moscow, Paris and Los Angeles gathered pledges of $21.4 million, the Hayastan All-Armenian Fund reported on November 22. $4 million of the total came from a single donation by a Russian insurance magnate, whereas the most generous per capita contribution came from India. The bulk of the funds collected this year are intended for projects in rural Artsakh, while some $2 million of the proceeds are expected to help the war-ravaged Armenian community of Syria. An additional fundraiser by the Hayastan Fund is planned in Beirut on December 8. About $12 million, or more than half of the total amount, was pledged at the Moscow fundraising dinner on November 8 attended by Nagorno Kharabakh Republic President Bako Sahakian. Another $2.5 million was pledged from within Armenia and Artsakh, $2.2 million was pledged by Armenian Americans and $2.1 million was secured in France. Further country-by-country breakdown provided by the Armenpress news agency included Argentina ($700,000), India ($600,000), Canada ($175,000), Great Britain

($170,000), Germany ($122,438), Brazil ($100,000), the Netherlands ($58,600), Italy ($50,000), Greece ($38,200), Switzerland ($31,800), Iran ($15,000), Belgium ($10,200) and Kuwait ($5,000). India diaspora most generous, American - among the least On per capita basis (amount pledge divided by approximate size of the community), the Indian Armenian community, estimated at under 1000 people, donated about $600 per person; Argentinean Armenians - $10; UK Armenians - $8; Russian and French Armenians - about $6 each, Canadian Armenian - $3 and American Armenians - $2. The largest contribution this year came from a Russian businessman of Armenian descent Sergey Sarkisov who pledged $4 million. Sarkisov, whom Forbes values at $1.2 billion, head RESO-Garantia, one of Russia's leading insurance companies. Last year, Sarkisov pledged $3 million to the Hayastan Fund, making him one of the most generous supporters of the Fund's efforts. The largest contribution in 2011 came from Argentinean Armenian businessman

Judge Babikian Honoured with the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal

R to L: Ambassador Armen Yeganian, MP Joe Daniel, Judge Aris Babikian and his mother Valantin Babikian

During the Sept. 28, 2012 celebration of the 21st anniversary of the Independence of Armenia, which was organized by Toronto Armenian Cultural Associations under the auspices of Armen Yeganian, Armenia's Ambassador to Canada, Citizenship Judge Aris Babikian received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal in recognition of his 35 years of contribution to the Canadian civil society. The medal was presented to Judge Babikian by Don Valley East Member of Parliament Joe Daniel on behalf of the Governor General and the Government of Canada. In his remarks Daniel touched upon the momentous occasion of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations, the Diamond Jubilee Medal objective, and the rationale behind bestowment of the medal to Judge Babikian. Daniel cited some of Judge Babikian's long-time contributions to Canadian multicultural, human rights, political and social spheres. Among them are his position as agent general to the National Ethnic Press and Media Council of Canada in Ottawa, short-term international elections monitor of

Kev Orkian, Mark Giragos and Carla Garabedian announce the result of Hayastan All-Armenian Fund yearly Telethon.

Eduardo Eurnekian who donated $11 million. The largest single contribution to the Fund was made by Armenia-born Russian real estate magnate Samvel Karapetyan, who donated $15 million in 2008; he donated a

further $1.5 million this year. Since the mid-1990s, the Fund has implemented infrastructure projects valued at over $235 million.

Bell Tolls for Armenians Once Again in Diyarbakir

Gulisor Akkum

The bell tower of Sourp Giragos Armenian Church in Diyarbakir was opened today and, the Organization for Security and Co-operation after decades of silence, the bell tolled once in Europe's, participation in the National again for Armenians. (Canadian) Umbrella Organizations' Acting Patriarch Archbishop Aram roundtable on the "UN World Conference A t e s h y a n , w h o i s o r i g i n a l l y f r o m Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Diyarbakir/Dikranagerd, presided over the Xenophobia and Related Intolerance," and opening ceremony, which was attended by the preparation of briefs and testimony at the hundreds of Armenians from Turkey and House of Commons Heritage Committee abroad. The Sourp Giragos Foundation of the hearings related to multicultural, Canadian Patriarchate began the renovation of the culture and heritage issues, and the Canadian church in 2009, and the church opened for Radio and Television Commission (CRTC). worship in October 2011. Due to a lack of Furthermore, Judge Babikian has acted funding, however, the bell tower was not as the secretary of the Canadian Ethnocultural rebuilt. Council (CEC), chaired the Political Affairs At the opening ceremony of the bell tower, Committee of CEC, and served on the media, the head of the Sourp Giragos Foundation, immigration, census, and redress committees Ergun Ayik, said, “This church was once a of the CEC. beautiful, living proof of the Armenian Judge Babikian thanked the government population density in this city. Its architecture of Canada and Daniel for nominating him for stands as testament to how advanced the honor and privilege. He said, "There is no Armenian civilization was.” higher calling than to serve the people and He added, “Our ancestors bequeathed the government of Canada." He added that this church to us, yet for known reason, we volunteering and contributing to the betterment weren’t able to claim ownership of this of our great nation is a small token of heritage. The renovation marked the beginning appreciation for what Canada has offered him of the process of assuming this ownership.” The director of Aras Publishing House, and his family.

The newly renovated Sourp Giragos Church

Mgrditch Margosyan, in turn, recounted how 12 years ago, at a symposium on the protection of Diyarbakir’s cultural and historical heritage, speakers were only discussing fortresses and mosques. “When my turn came to speak, I brought up the issue of the churches. I suppose such messages eventually rang a bell.” Indeed, with the moral and financial support of Diyarbakir Mayor Osman Baydemir, the renovation of the church was completed, and, once more, after decades of silence, the sound of the church bell was heard in Diyarbakir side by side with the calls to prayer from the city’s mosques. (For details on the renovation, click .) Built in 1376, Sourp Giragos is the largest Armenian church in the Middle East. During the Armenian Genocide, the bell tower was demolished under the pretext that it was higher than the minarets of the mosques in the city, and the church itself was used as storage space for confiscated Armenian property. After World War I, Sumerbank (a state-owned bank) used the church as storage space. (Click for a detailed history of the church.) (Armenian Weekly)


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Major Armenian Genocide Film Launched at TUMO Center The producers of the upcoming feature “Three Apples Fell from Heaven,” a drama set against the backdrop of the Armenian Genocide, gathered at the Tumo Center for Creative Technologies in Yerevan to introduce award-winning director Shekhar Kapur, who was in the country scouting locations for the film. “This is a challenging project that reveals a shameful chapter in world history,” said Kapur, whose movies, including “Elizabeth” and “The Golden Age,” have earned nine Academy Award nominations. “I am not one to back down from a challenge, and I believe the world is ready to join me in finally examining this tragedy and its far-reaching consequences. My films aspire to put human faces on history and I think that’s what makes them relevant. That’s what I hope to do in depicting the Armenian Genocide.” The Tumo Center event welcomed the production team to Armenia, where they hope to do some of the filming. “Three Apples Fell from Heaven” is based on Micheline Aharonian Marcom’s award-winning novel of heroism and heartbreak set against the savage backdrop of the Ottoman purge during the years 1914-17. The film’s executive producer, Vahe Yacoubian, introduced Marcom, along with producer/actress Sona Tatoyan and her husband, Oscar-nominated screenwriter José Rivera (“The Motorcycle Diaries”), who has adapted Marcom’s novel for the screen. They

were joined on the podium by the film’s French producer, Edgard Tenembaum, and its Turkish co-producer, Cigdem Mater. “I cannot express my joy in working with Shekhar Kapur on this project,” said Tatoyan. “José and I just spent a week with him in Yerevan working on the script and location scouting. I’d read that he is a director who works at the intersection of art, myth, and activism, and that is a perfect description for this film. It is the first of its kind—an epic historical drama, to be filmed in a country with little film infrastructure. ‘Three Apples’ will be the catalyst to creating a world-class film industry in Armenia, so it really is an act of activism. The other important thing to note with the film is that it is a co-production with Armenia, France, and Turkey. This is obviously historic and challenging in an amazing way. The film is not only a narrative about genocide; (L-R) Edgard Tenembaum, Cigdem Mater, Micheline Marcom Aharonian, Sona Tatoyan, it works on several levels. Like the book, it is Jose Rivera, Shekhar Kapur, and Vahe Yacoubian. surrounded by passion and love. We want to share the film with people around the world, and help pave the way for a peaceful and the film. Rivera uttered a few Armenian phrases, to which the audience responded with all cultures and people of all faiths. Not harmonious future for humanity.” After filmmaker introductions, Yacoubian with enthusiastic applause and laughter. only with Armenians, but with all human beings who look at genocide as a universal tragedy.” introduced a performance by electronic Following the presentation, the film’s co“Launching this film in Armenia, musician and vocalist KÁRYYN (Karin producer, Alex Kalognomos, hosted a closing surrounded by so many talented artists and Tatoyan), who was joined by an ensemble of reception that allowed guests a closer look internationally recognized filmmakers, was classical musicians from Armenia’s at the state-of-the-art Tumo facility. Kapur an emotionally charged experience,” Philharmonic Orchestra and the prestigious continued to share his impressions of being Yacoubian added. “It gave the proper Yerevan Komitas State Conservatory. in Armenia for the first time and his deep Following the musical performance, each respect for the historical significance of the inspirational foundation for making a film that will commemorate the Armenian Genocide guest spoke about his/her involvement with “Three Apples’” story.

Artsakh Culture Ministry Relocates to Shoushi

President Bako Sahakian tours the new Culture Ministry building in Shoushi, Artsakh

Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Ministry of Culture relocated to the historic city of Shoushi over the weekend, in what is seen as the government’s efforts to boost development in that town. Artsakh President Bako Sahakian was joined by the Primate of the Artsakh Diocese Archbishop Barkev Martirosian, speaker of National Assembly Ashot Ghoulyan, Prime Minister Ara Haroutyunyan and other officials at the opening ceremony of the new Culture Ministry building in Shoushi, which was once the cultural capital of Armenia. President Sahakian emphasized the importance of transferring different institutions

to Artsakh’s ancient cultural capital considering it a significant factor for further development of Shoushi. Sahakian added that such moves would also contribute to the protection of historical buildings. Shushi, which is situated about 10 kilometers south of the capital Stepanakert and has a population of about 3,000, is regarded as Karabakh’s old cultural capital. In 1992, the Nagorno-Karabakh selfdefense forces heroically captured Shoushi from Azeri occupation forces, who had turned this ancient city into stronghold from where they opened fire on the population of Stepanakert.

Armenian antique books on view at Mazarine library in Paris On October 26, the oldest French public library Mazarine in Paris, inaugurated a magnificent exhibition of Armenian old books "Of the revival to the Lights," to mark 500 years of the birth of the Armenian printing. The exhibition presents 58 works. The exhibition reflects the wide and fragmented

geography of the Armenian printing, including Venice, Rome, Constantinople, Amsterdam, Marseilles, Madras and elsewhere, and often difficult conditions in which the men of the book worked. Among the works, an Alphabetum Armenicum offered to Cardinal Mazarin (1602-61).

Legendary Singer Flora Martirosyan Passes Away

Legendary Armenian singer Flora Martirosyan, 55, passed away on November 20, in Burbank, Calif., following complications resulting from an earlier gall-bladder surgery. Martirosyan was born in 1957 in Gyumri, Soviet Armenia, and was the youngest in a family of four children. Having inherited vocal skills from her mother, the young singer took part in the “Garoun 73” song contest, placing first among 800 participants. Later, as a soloist at a state folk orchestra, she toured over 70 countries while also studying at “Yerevan State Conservatory after Komitas.” In 1991, Martirosyan emigrated to the U.S. with her husband, but returned to Armenia where, from 1997 to 2001, she headed a

Yerevan-based Music School after Armen Tigranyan. In 2002, she established the “International Music Academy after Komitas” in the U.S. In 2006, Martirosyan initiated a “PanArmenian Song Contest Festival.” In 2008, she, jointly with Michael Stone, created the international organization “Artists for Peace” to raise awareness of crimes against humanity. In 2011, she initiated the Never Again Peace Concert featuring world-famed artists Stevie Wonder, Chaka Khan, Eric Benet, Pras, and Malina Moyem, united in a cause against injustice. Martirosyan is survived by her two children and her husband.

AGBU plans new educational center in Stepanakert The Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) intends to build a new complex in Stepanakert. The project, comprised of 30,000 square feet of land located in the center of Stepanakert, is spearheaded by AGBU in partnership with the American University of Armenia (AUA) and the TUMO Center for Creative Technologies. Through the AUA Extension Program, NKR students will have the opportunity to attend specialized courses at the center that focus on English language improvement and preparation for university entrance exams,

specifically the GRE/GMAT and TOEFL. The program will also offer courses in management, tourism development, media technologies, and more. The TUMO Center will also play an important role, offering unique educational experiences to NKR youth interested in creative and broadcast technologies. Additionally, the center will be home to both a chess club and an academy for local talented young musicians. The project will create an attractive environment for Karabakh's youth to enjoy the opportunities of developing their talents while remaining on their homeland.


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Sarkisian, Hollande Discuss Stronger Ties (RFE/RL)—Armenia and France accentuated their longstanding friendly relations and pledged to boost economic and political ties as their leaders met in Paris on November 12. Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian, who arrived in France on a three-day official visit, was received by his French counterpart Francois Hollande in the Elysee Palace, with the agenda of the talks ranging from economic cooperation to Nagorno-Karabakh and other regional concerns including Syria and Iran. The sides also addressed the prospect of new legislation in France to One of the major issues on the agenda of the talks that lasted for nearly an hour was the Nagorno-Karabakh settlement in which France acts as one of the international mediators between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Hollande stressed that France saw a settlement within the framework of the socalled Madrid principles and vowed continued French mediation in finding a solution to the protracted conflict. “France, which is a member of the Minsk Group, will do everything to make the negotiations reach their conclusion. As you know, the negotiations were suspended at one point, but now they have resumed,” said the French leader. Hollande referred to the October 27 meeting in Paris between the foreign ministers of Armenia and France in the presence of the Minsk Group’s French, American and Russian

co-chairs that was the first high-level Armenian-Azeri eye-to-eye talks in the wake of a controversial pardoning in Azerbaijan of a convicted killer of an Armenian serviceman who was handed over to Baku by Hungary. Ramil Safarov, the officer of the Azerbaijani army who hacked to death a sleeping Armenian fellow student at a NATO-sponsored English language course in Budapest in 2004, was serving a life sentence in a Hungarian prison before his extradition on August 31. Hollande also told the media that he discussed with Sarkisian other regional concerns, including the crisis in Syria and developments around Iran. Expressing his understanding of Armenia’s cautious position on Syria where there is a sizable Armenian community, the French leader still stressed that Syria needs a change of its regime. He did not elaborate on discussions involving Iran, only saying that he hoped the messages made at the meeting would get across through the Armenian president. For his part, Sarkisian thanked the French government and people for their positions affirming the Armenian Genocide. He said he knew Hollande’s position on a new bill making it a criminal offense in France to deny the genocide. As a presidential candidate and later as elected president Hollande repeatedly assured France’s influential Armenian community that he remained committed to enacting a new

Armenian Presidents Serzh Sarkisian and his French counterpart Francois Hollande in front of Elysee Palace.

law in that regard. A similar measure initiated by Hollande’s predecessor Nicolas Sarkozy and passed by both houses of the French parliament was rejected by France’s highest court as “unconstitutional” last February. Speaking about prospects of economic cooperation Hollande said that France was the second largest investor in Armenia’s economy. Still, he stressed the need for deepening economic ties. He said that FrenchArmenian economic ties could be expanded especially in the transportation and agricultural sectors. “We, indeed, would like the French capital to expand in Armenia,” Sarkisian underscored. “This time I have come to France to tell the

French president, the very good friend of mine and the Armenian people, Francois Hollande, that Armenia is deeply interested in expanding the agenda of Armenian-French relations.” Hollande said he accepted Sarkisian’s invitation to pay a state visit to Armenia next year. Meanwhile, the Armenian president will continue his visit to France on Tuesday by traveling to Lyon where he is due to meet with local political and business community leaders. After ending his official visit to France Sarkisian will go on a weeklong vacation that, according to his press office, he is going to spend abroad.

Sarkisian Urges Turkey To Face Up To History (RFE/RL)—Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian has urged Turkey to follow the example of France in facing the past by admitting that the Ottoman-era massacres of more than 1.5 million Armenians consti­ tuted genocide. In an interview with the French daily, Le Figaro, Sarkisian stressed, however, that Armenia did not intend to damage Turkey by its welcoming the affirmations of the Armenian Genocide by the world governments. “Our policy is not based on the de­ sire to harm Turkey. It is based on clear principles. We want Turkey’s ties with France and other European

countries to expand, so that Turkey can, through these relations, em­ brace European values.” Sarkisian held a meeting at the Elysee Palace in Paris with French President Francois Hollande as part of his three-day official visit to France. The Armenian leader thanked the French government and people for their recognition of the 1915 Armenian Genocide and ap­ preciated Hollande’s position on a new bill to make denial of the geno­ cide a criminal offense in France. As a presidential candidate and later as elected president of France Hollande repeatedly assured the

country’s influential Armenian com­ munity that he remained committed to enacting a new law in that regard. A similar measure initiated by Hol­ lande’s predecessor Nicolas Sarkozy and passed by both houses of the French parliament was reject­ ed by France’s highest court as “unconstitutional” last February. The moves in France aimed at reaffirming the nation’s position on the Armenian Genocide have met strong opposition in Turkey whose leaders several times suspended political, economic and military ties with Paris over such developments in the past.

Sarkisian said that while wel­ coming decisions favoring Arme­ nians in France, Armenia was not a direct factor influencing them. “The policy of France in the issue of the Armenian Genocide is not dictated by us. France has pub­ lically recognized the Armenian Genocide and denial of this geno­ cide is a continuation of the crime,” Sarkisian told the French newspa­ per. “We believe that those who try to revisit the history of genocide committed by one people against another fully share the responsibility for the crime.” The Armenian president also

said Turkish leaders should be able to face the past and follow the ex­ ample of French leaders who have found the strength to speak about some of the dark pages of French history. “French presidents have had the strength to face history. I applaud their courage. I will ask President Hollande to tell Turkish authorities how he personally condemned the deportation of Jews and their incar­ ceration in concentration camps [during the Second World War]. This could serve as a lesson for the lead­ ers of Turkey,” said Sarkisian.

French Public Opinion ‘Against’ New Armenian Genocide Bill (RFE/RL)- A French-Armenian community leader has voiced concern that public opinion in France does not favor a new law criminalizing denial of the Armenian genocide. Hilda Tchoboian, former president of the Brussels-based Euro-Armenian Federation, said in an interview with RFE/RL’s that proceeding with new legislation on that after seeing the previous law annulled by the Constitutional Council will require more than the opinion of the French president. “Public opinion needs to be changed and the Armenian community has tremendous work to do ahead,” she said. The previous law initiated under the previous administration of President Nicolas Sarkozy to punish anyone who publicly denies that the Ottoman-era massacres of more than a million Armenians constituted genocide was passed by both houses of the French parliament in late 2011, early 2012. But the measure was later rejected by France’s highest court as

“unconstitutional”. Francois Hollande, who was elected president of France last May, has repeatedly assured the country’s influential Armenian community that he remained committed to enacting a new law in that regard. References to the process were also made during the threeday official visit of Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian to France earlier this week. In particular, during a meeting with Hollande at the Elysee Palace on Monday Sarkisian thanked France’s government and people for their stance on the affirmation of the Armenian Genocide. He added that he was aware of Hollande’s position on the new bill regarding the Armenian genocide. Meanwhile, Tchoboian talked about “huge problems” with French public opinion that the Armenian community of France encountered when the measure was first introduced in the National Assembly and later in the Senate. “Scholars, media were up in

arms against the Armenian community. There is a whole movement in France that deems that history should be left to historians and that laws must not be adopted in regards to historical events,” the French-Armenian leader explained. “This work is very important. Public opinion has to be prepared before the president sees an opportunity and agrees to reintroduce the bill.” Tchoboian said that eventually she expected the French leader to make good on his election pledge regarding a new measure on the Armenian Genocide, but she wouldn’t speculate on particularly how and in what form that will happen. France officially recognized the 1915 mass killings and deportations of Armenians in Ottoman Turkey as genocide in 2001. The move angered Ankara, which has also strongly opposed all subsequent attempts to reaffirm that recognition by introducing penalties for denial. Ankara recalled its ambassador from Paris and

French Armenians demonstrate outside the French Senate in support of a law criminalizing denial of the Armenian genocide, 23 January 2012.

threatened to sever political, economic and military ties with France after the new law regarding the Armenian Genocide was passed by French lawmakers in December-January. Relations between France and Turkey began to thaw after the measure was canceled by the court before being signed into law by then French President Sarkozy. Since then both Sarkozy and his successor Hollande vowed to redraft the bill. Last summer leaders of the 500,000-strong Armenian

community of France expressed concerns over remarks by a senior member of the Hollande government who called into question the prospect of a new French measure outlawing denial of the Armenian Genocide. At a joint press conference in Paris with his visiting Turkish counterpart in July, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said such a law was unlikely to be revived. President Hollande, however, was quick to reassure the French Armenians on his commitment to the process.


ARMENIA

NATO Offers Closer Cooperation With Armenia

(RFE/RL)- NATO is seeking a deeper involvement in the South Caucasus and would like to step up its cooperation with Armenia, a senior official from the Western alliance said recently in Yerevan. According to James Appathurai, NATO’s special representative to the region, the alliance leadership is now considering ways of gaining a stronger foothold in the volatile region. “But of course we don’t want to impose ourselves,” he told RFE/RL’s Armenian service. “We just want to offer more opportunities for cooperation. And if countries like Armenia but also Georgia and Azerbaijan wish to take this offer, we will have more to do, more on the menu in the coming months and years.” Appathurai said NATO’s cooperation with Armenia has already been “good” in the last few years, pointing to the Armenian

participation in NATO-led missions in Afghanistan and Kosovo as well as the alliance’s assistance to ongoing “very comprehensive” reforms of the Armenian military. “Can we do more? Yes,” he continued. “We’d love to see, for example, an Armenian contribution to the new NATO mission in Afghanistan after 2014. We’d like to help with more defense reform which we think is good for this country. So there is more to do, but we are on a good foundation. “There is clearly good will here in Yerevan to do more with us, and I can assure you that there is good will in Brussels to do more with this country, with the whole region. More operational cooperation, more support for defense reform. We have the resources to provide more support.” The envoy said he will discuss the NATO offers during his separate talks with Foreign Minister Edward

Construction Of ArmenianIranian Power Plant Launched

The groundbreaking ceremony for the construction of a hydroelectric power plant on the Armenian-Iranian border.

(RFE/RL)- Armenia and Iran of­ ficially began the repeatedly post­ poned construction of a major hydro­ electric plant on the Arax river marking their border, a $330 million project highlighting a close relation­ ship between the two nations. President Sarkisian, Energy Minister Armen Movsisian and his Iranian counterpart Majid Namjou attended a special ceremony held near the Armenian border town of Meghri. “This is a good and economical­ ly beneficial project,” Namjou said for his part. Work on the facility will likely take five years. The inauguration ceremony was followed by Sarkisian’s separate talks with Namjou. The Iranian min­ ister was quoted saying that he and Movsisian will continue to “actively work” on the implementation of other

Armenian-Iranian energy projects. Those include the construction of a fuel pipeline and a new power transmission line. Both projects as well as the Arax plant’s construction have fallen behind schedule. The start of the construction was inaugurated two weeks after Movsi­ sian and Namjou chaired a meeting of an Armenian-Iranian intergovernmental commission on eco­ nomic cooperation in Yerevan. An Iranian company will build the plant and use all electricity gen­ erated by it at will for 15 years. They say the facility will then become prop­ erty of Armenia. Energy cooperation between the two neighboring countries re­ ceived a significant boost four years ago with the construction of a pipe­ line transporting Iranian natural gas to Armenia.

Nalbandian and Defense Minister Seyran Ohanian. He met with Nalbandian later in the day. NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen spoke of “potential for further development of our partnership” when he visited Yerevan in September. He insisted that there is “no contradiction” between Armenia’s military alliance with Russia and closer ties with NATO. President Serzh Sarkisian similarly said after talks with Rasmussen that Yerevan will continue combining its membership of the Russian-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) with growing cooperation with the U.S.-led alliance. Armenia’s ties with NATO have deepened significantly under the Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) launched in 2005 and repeatedly modified since then. The cooperation framework commits the

Foreign Minister Edward Nalbandian (R) meets with James Appathurai, NATO’s special representative to the South Caucasus, in Yerevan

country to implementing wideranging defense reforms and participating in NATO-led missions abroad. NATO and some of its individual member states, notably the United States, have provided considerable technical and financial assistance to a special peacekeeping brigade of the Armenian army that provides troops to those missions.

Later in September, some 600 soldiers of the volunteer unit simulated their participation in a multinational peacekeeping operation in an exercise watched by U.S. military instructors. The exercise also involved what the Armenian Defense Ministry described as a successful “selfappraisal with NATO standards” by the brigade’s Staff Company.

Armenia, Russia Plan Joint Arms Production

In what will be a further boost to their close defense ties, Armenia and Russia are to start jointly manufacturing weapons and other military equipment under an agreement that was recently approved by the Armenian government. The government said the draft agreement regulates “manufacturing and research cooperation” between Armenian and Russian defense companies. It commits them to supplying each other with equipment, assembly parts and other materials needed for the Russian-made S-300 air-defense systems are driven through Yerevan's production, modernization and Republic Square during a military parade. “ m a i n t e n a n c e , r e p a i r a n d this agreement Armenia has not repair of various arms. The agreement, which was modernization of some types of only expectations from Russia but drawn up shortly after Russia weaponry.” He did not elaborate. probably also something to offer,” Also, Russia is supposed to Golts told RFE/RL’s Armenian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov’s September visit to provide “special military hardware” service (Azatutyun.am). Defense Minister Seyran Armenia, also stipulates that the to the Armenian military in jointly manufactured weaponry accordance with a Russian- Ohanian praised the domestic cannot be re-exported or transferred Armenian defense accord signed defense industry in January, saying to third countries without the more than two years ago. The deal that it can now cater for Armenia’s extended the presence of a Russian practically entire military arsenal. supplier’s permission. Some of its output was Yerevan and Moscow had military base in Armenia by 24 years, demonstrated during a military already agreed to step up until 2044. “ M o s c o w s i g n s s u c h parade in Yerevan in September cooperation between their defense industries within the framework of agreements only in cases where it 2011. That included unmanned the Russian-led Collective Security is interested in concrete [mutually military aircraft, flamethrowers and Treaty Organization (CSTO). beneficial] cooperation,” Aleksandr multiple grenade launchers. Nikolay Bordyuzha, the CSTO Golts, a leading Russian defense Armenia is also believed to secretary general, said in November analyst, said of the new agreement manufacture bullets and other ammunition. last year that they are setting up announced by Yerevan. “So one can assume that with joint ventures in Armenia for the

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25 Armenia’s Biggest Resource and Ameria: From Start-Up To Millions ARMENIA

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by Anush A. Hovsepyan

Is Armenia an attractive market for investors? What does Armenia have to offer to its Diaspora–Armenians who have the money and the willingness to run businesses in Armenia? Is it possible to make money and make a difference in Armenia from a distance? How can we best use Armenia’s biggest resource – its Diaspora – to advance Armenia to another level? Armenia’s premier advisory and financial services provider, Ameria Group of Companies (AmeriaGroupInc.com), has the answers, serving that very mission to bridge the Diaspora to Armenia’s promising business and investment opportunities by providing full-fledged advisory and financial services. The founding members of Ameria Group are successful Diaspora Armenian businessmen such as Noubar Afeyan and Ruben Vardanyan. In partnership with professionals in Armenia, these entrepreneurial minds have invested in Ameria in Armenia and now say it has been a profitable and meaningful investment. Prominent investment banker Ruben Vardanyan listed in Fortune Magazine’s “25 Rising Stars” as the next generation of global leaders, is the chair of Ameria’s board. Venture capitalist and MIT Professor Noubar Afeyan is Ameria’s founding board member. He believes the Diaspora Armenians need an institutional approach towards doing business in Armenia: “Today Armenia is emerging as an attractive place to do business. We have to start thinking about institutional relationships, not just individual relationships. Ameria Group is one such company in Armenia with the means to encourage the exchange of expertise and investments.” Glendale City Council member Rafi Manoukian is also now with Ameria Group as its COO. Ameria started out with only five employees and a $100,000 investment. Today, with a team of more than 500 professionals, $500 million in assets and branches across the country, Ameria Group of Companies is growing beyond the borders of Armenia. It has attracted multimillions in foreign investments and helped many businesses successfully grow in the emerging Armenian market. Ameria stands behind the development of the world’s largest aerial tramway to Tatev Monastery, the largest mergers and acquisition deals in Armenia’s commercial real estate sector, specialized in hotel acquisitions and sales, equity financing of more than $200 million and more. Ameria group is renowned in the region for the Ameria Legal & Management Advisory, Ameriabank and Ameria Asset Management. It is the only financial institution in the South Caucasus region recognized as a Global Growth Champion by the DAVOS World Economic Forum for its exceptional growth and expertise. The Banker, published by the Financial Times,

names Ameria “the best bank in Armenia.” What direction will Ameria take next? Today, Ameria is a pan-Armenian advisory group that reaches out to Armenians worldwide as a one-stop resource for Diaspora investors who want to make money and make a difference in Armenia. Since 2011, the Ameria Group of Companies has established a presence in the United States through Ameria Group Inc. Ameria’s founding board member, CEO & founder of the multimillion dollar company Flagship Ventures, Noubar Afeyan in this interview addresses the ways Diaspora can be involved in Armenia’s economy. Anush Hovsepyan: You and other likeminded Armenian businessmen have been making changes in Armenia through the development of the banking and business sector. You compared Armenia to a startup. How can a country be compared to a startup?

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Noubar Afeyan: After the collapse of the Soviet Union, I think, Armenia was forced to become a start-up economically. The country had to think about trade-offs and priorities, identifying its core competencies that would give the country a competitive advantage. A group of entrepreneurs formed Armenia2020 project for Armenia’s development to make systemic changes at the government level, private sector and society at large. Then, in partnership with Armenia’s government, we founded the National Competitiveness Foundation to begin the process of creating joint projects. For that, we needed business models that would allow local operations but with global standards. Ameria is a direct result of all that analysis and is a venture geared to move the country forward. A.H.: Was the development of Armenia’s financial sector a part of Armenia’s competitiveness plan? N.A.: Definitely, but in order to reach that goal, we needed to adhere to global standards beyond the local Armenian market. It was then that Ameria was established with an aim to be a domestic venture with world-class standards – a big attitude change. Ameria’s organizational culture, commitment to excellence with continuous staff development and company branding are all consistent with its “dare to dream big and work hard to achieve the dream” philosophy. Ameria has set a benchmark of success and growth. A.H.: What were your intentions when entering the Armenian market as a Diaspora Armenian investor? Why did you take the risk? N.A.: Many Diaspora Armenians invest in Armenia in the familiar fields. For instance, if they have a construction business in America, they put money in constructing buildings in Armenia. Why and how to invest in Armenia depends on the business interests and the support system available in the country. Ameria provides that support platform. For me, Ameria is a way to participate in all key aspects of the economy by providing

The founding members of Ameria Group businessmen such as Noubar Afeyan and Ruben Vardanyan.

capital, expertise and access to my network, allowing me to have a larger reach, rather than narrowly investing in tomato processing plants, for example. Focused on core competencies in each sector, Ameria strategically allocates the capital to produce the highest return for investors in an emerging market. The Diaspora investors can have immediate participation in Armenia’s economy by investing in Ameriabank’s term deposits. Ameria has a special Diaspora Deposits program that allows for six months, one year, or even longer terms deposits at high rates. My recommendation to potential investors would be to start small and do it right the first time with the right partners. Get your toe in the water and go from there. A.H.: Why it is worth investing in Armenia? N.A.: It’s one thing to say you should invest all your money in Armenia, it’s another thing to say you should allocate a portion. As you gain more confidence, you can decide to increase that portion. Armenia is developing largely based on the power of the Diaspora Armenians who utilize the business opportunities in Armenia’s emerging market. Investments in Armenia can generate higher returns through terms that don’t exist in the mature markets of the Western world. For example, in Armenia the interest rate is 810% for a term deposit; in the U.S. it is 1 or 1.5%. It’s really about getting in at the early stages of economic development, which also involves higher risks. So, it’s about creating a balance of risk and reward potential. A.H.: What does Ameria mean to you as an investor? N.A.: I’m a founding investor and a board member. I’ve been involved in consulting and governing the organization. Coming from the U.S. and the innovation sector, I bring a different point of view than the other board members who have Russian marketing and banking experiences. When in Armenia, I know how important it is to be able to get the banking support with the same international standards we’re used to in the West. Ameriabank provides that. Not only does it add a business value to the

ºåë. ¶³Éëï³Ý»³Ý, ê.Ëáñ³ÝÇÝ ëå³ë³ñÏ»óÇÝ ¼³ñ»Ñ ². »õ î. ØÇõéáÝ ù³Ñ³Ý³Û ѳÛñ»ñ. ÚÁÝóóë ê. ä³ï³ñ³·Ç, ´³·ñ³ï êñµ³½³Ý г۳ëï³ÝÇ Ù¿ç Çñ»Ýó ¹åñáó³Ï³Ý ßñç³ÝÇÝ ²ñÙ³ß êñµ³½³ÝÇ Ñ»ï Çñ áõÝ»ó³Í Ùï»ñÙáõÃ»Ý¿Ý ¹ñáõ³·Ý»ñ å³ïÙ»ó »õ Ññ³õÇñ»ó ½ÇÝù, áñå¿ë½Ç Çñ å³ï·³ÙÁ ÷á˳Ýó¿£ ²ñÙ³ß êñµ³½³Ý ÑÇõÃ»Õ ù³ñá½ ÙÁ ïáõ³õ µÝ³µ³Ý ³éÝ»Éáí äûÕáë ³é³ù»³ÉÇ ÑéáÙ¿³óÇÝ»ñáõ áõÕÕ³Í Ý³Ù³Ï¿Ý §²ñ¹` ³ÛëáõÑ»ï»õ ˳ճÕáõÃÇõÝ ÁÝïñ»ó¿ù »õ ³ß˳ï»ó¿ù Çñ³ñáõ ѳõ³ïùÁ ³Ù-

economy, but also a strategic one. Ameria is a one-stop resource for entrepreneurs, providing full-fledged support and advisory services in the legal, managerial and financial aspects of their business. It is great to have a world-class company with local know-how in Armenia’s emerging market. During his 25-year career as an inventor, entrepreneur, CEO and venture capitalist, Dr. Afeyan has co-founded and built 25 successful life science and technology startups. Afeyan is a recipient of the Technology Pioneer 2012 award from the World Economic Forum and the prestigious Wall Street Journal Technology Innovation Award. Afeyan is also the recipient of the Ellis Island Medal of Honor. Ameria Group, Armenia’s premier advisory and financial services provider, is one of Afeyan’s successful undertakings that also has an emotional value for the entrepreneur. He believes Ameria is a much needed bridge connecting the Diaspora to Armenia’s promising business opportunities. In his words, Ameria is unique as it brings world-class expertise and local know-how for all those who want to make a positive change in the country through business ventures as opposed to pure charity.

Ameria Projects

Among the many awards and 200 projects implemented in the past decade by Ameria, below are listed the ones that have contributed to Armenia’s economic development: -Development of world’s longest aerial ropeway to Tatev Monastery -Business plan for the largest mining company in the region – Zangezour CopperMolybdenum -Investment projects of more than $500 million -Equity financing for Armenian businesses of more than $200 million.

Ameria Awards

-The Best Trade Finance Bank 2012: Global Finance Award -The Best Bank in Armenia 2011: Euromoney 2011 Awards for Excellence -The Best Bank in Armenia 2010: The Banker, a magazine published by the Financial Times

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2012 26 ¼.¸ºÎîºØ´ºð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 86

ARMENIA

Aleppo burns while we fiddle: a wake-up call to all Armenians

Is Yerevan Rolling Atomic Dice? Marianna Grigoryan

by Harut Sassounian For almost two years, Armenians worldwide have followed the vicious civil war in Syria with great anxiety and concern for the safety and survival of their compatriots. Regrettably, dozens of innocent Armenians were killed or injured by indiscriminate gunfire and shelling, while many others have been kidnapped. Armenian homes, churches and schools were looted, damaged or burned. Thousands of families, scrambling to save themselves, fled to Armenia and the neighboring countries. In recent months, as the situation assumed alarming proportions, the Government of Armenia and Diasporan communities finally began making preliminary plans to help Syrian Armenians. These efforts, although well intentioned, were too little, too late! Until now, there has not been a coordinated and comprehensive plan to deal with this enormous humanitarian crisis. Below is an outline of the three key tasks that require the immediate attention and support of all Armenians: 1) Fundraising: Tens of millions of dollars are required to meet the urgent needs of Armenians in Syria and those who have sought refuge in Armenia, Lebanon, Jordan, and elsewhere. These funds could be raised from both non-Armenian and Armenian sources. Non-Armenian sources would include: the US Congress, USAID (United States Agency for International Development), UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), international humanitarian organizations, and other governmental agencies. Armenian sources would include: the Republic of Armenia, major Armenian organizations and businesses, and individual benefactors. Funds could also be raised from the general pubic through special events, mass mailers, and telethons. It is regrettable that the Hayastan AllArmenian Fund and its regional affiliates have failed to properly assess the critical condition of Syrian Armenians, as reflected in the inexcusable decision of allocating to them a mere 10% of the proceeds from this year's Thanksgiving Telethon. This has created a strong resentment among the Armenian public toward the Armenia Fund. It is still not too late to take corrective action and allocate the full 100% of the telethon's proceeds to Syrian Armenians both at home and abroad as refugees. Contributors to the telethon should specifically request that 100% of their

donations be earmarked to Syrian Armenians. Alternatively, they can donate to the Syrian Armenian Relief Fund, a pan-Armenian committee established in several countries in recent weeks. The Fund will send 100% of the contributions it has collected to its counterpart operating in Syria. In recent days, I have received heartbreaking phone calls from compatriots in Syria, desperately pleading with Armenians worldwide to help them before it is too late! It is unconscionable to give a mere pittance to fellow Armenians whose lives are at risk every moment! The tragic fate of Syrian Armenians should receive priority attention from all Armenians at this critical juncture, as it is a matter of life and death! All other problems and projects should be placed on the back burner. 2) Lobbying: the Government of Armenia, Armenian political parties, and influential individuals must urge the Great Powers, key neighboring states, and international organizations to pressure all warring sides in Syria to avoid causing civilian casualties. If such pleadings are not fruitful, more stern measures should be taken against offenders by cutting off financial and military assistance, and charging them with war crimes. If need be, demonstrations can be held in front of embassies of countries supporting those responsible for civilian casualties. 3) Coordinating: A pan-Armenian entity should be created, similar to the committee for the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, to coordinate all efforts worldwide for fundraising and lobbying for Syrian Armenians. The members of such a body would consist of the leaders of the Republics of Armenia and Artsakh as well as the representatives of major Diaspora organizations. The coordinating committee must have full-time staff to carry out the necessary tasks in a timely and professional manner. The pan-Armenian entity would interface with the inter-communal committee in Syria to ensure that the donated funds serve their intended purpose. It is understandable that due to the sensitive nature of the situation in Syria, not all efforts can be publicized. Nevertheless, the Government of Armenia and Diaspora organizations must take some concrete and explicit steps to reassure Syrian-Armenians that they are not abandoned to their tragic fate; that Armenians around the world care deeply for their well-being; and will do everything possible to support them in their greatest hour of need!

The Armenian government’s recent decision to prolong the lifespan of the aging Metsamor nuclear power plant– a decision supported by the United States – is provoking a public outcry. But with no replacement energy source in sight, the government maintains it has no choice but to place faith in the facility’s sole functioning reactor. Metsamor opened in 1976 and sits on earthquake-prone terrain near a residential area about 30 kilometers away from the Armenian capital, Yerevan. The nuclear plant generates almost 40 per cent of Armenia’s electricity. For almost two decades, various international plans have been circulating to either shut the plant down, or keep it on lifesupport until a new power source can be secured. Authorities several years ago set 2016 as the target date for Metsamor’s retirement. Then, on November 6, officials announced that, given Metsamor’s favorable results in 2011 stress tests conducted by the International Atomic Energy Agency, the facility’s lifespan would be extended to 2026. The United States, under an October 18 memorandum of understanding on energysector cooperation, is willing to lend a helping hand. American Ambassador to Armenia John Heffern told RFE/RL that although Washington would have liked to see Metsamor shut down by 2016, “it is ready to continue providing the necessary resources to keep the plant operating safely.” A copy of the memorandum, made available by US diplomats in Yerevan, pledges training assistance in a variety of areas, including nuclear safety, “related energy technology” and emergency preparedness. Energy and Natural Resources Minister Armen Movsisian has indicated that the extra decade for Metsamor will give Armenia a chance to build a new nuclear power station in a different location. The government estimates that a new, 1,000-megawatt unit would cost roughly $5 billion – a project in which Armenia expects its strategic ally Russia will take part in. This April, President Sargsyan named 2014 as the project’s likely start date, but details have not been publicly released. Meanwhile, another option -construction of a new nuclear-reactor unit at Metsamor (only one of the plant’s original two reactors is still functioning) -- apparently has been quietly dropped. Energy Minister Movsisian earlier had named 2013 as this project’s start date, but Armenia’s 2013 budget envisages no such expenditures. With no immediate progress on either of these fronts, Armenian environmentalists worry that the country, for sheer lack of alternatives, has been left strapped to a

ticking time bomb. American support for safety measures is meaningless, they say. “The longer the reactor works, the more fragile it becomes; it loses flexibility, and the accident risk increases,” argued Greens Union of Armenia Chair Hakob Sanasarian, who terms the decision to prolong Metsamor’s life “sabotage against the nation.” Metsamor’s remaining unit should, in fact, have closed by 2006, he added. Former Prime Minister Hrant Bagratian, who oversaw the start of government attempts in 1995 to increase Metsamor’s operational security, shares that view. “Metsamor … can no longer be operated,” said Bagratian, now an opposition MP for the Armenian National Congress. “The metal of its reactor has already gotten thin, and we’ll face a danger worse than Chernobyl o n e d a y . ” “[E]verything has its expiration date,” he continued. “I see the solution in construction of a new unit [with a nuclear reactor]. If there is none, then there is no solution.” Responding to criticism, Deputy Energy and Natural Resources Minister Aram Simonian on November 6 told parliament that “if we had the least doubts with regard to the reactor’s metal, we would not raise the issue” of prolonging Metsamor’s operating life. He did not elaborate on why construction of the new nuclear reactor has not begun. The government insists that concerns about Metsamor are overblown, citing the tens of millions of dollars it has allocated since the 1990s on making the power station safer to run. “The demands to shut down the functioning energy block only because it is old are not grounded,” State Nuclear Safety Regulatory Committ•• Chairperson Ashot Martirosian declared. Such demands carry political implications, he charged, since foreign specialists test the Metsamor reactor every four years. The latest check-up occurred “recently,” he said, adding that, as of next May, the results will be made public. “There are no deviations, everything is normal,” Martirosian told EurasiaNet.org. “Anyway, it’s good this issue raises serious concerns; it’s good that people do worry [about this].” And worry they do. Some voters see the decision about prolonging Metsamor’s lifespan as symptomatic of the general difficulty that the government has had in tackling the country’s persistent economic woes, especially unemployment and inflation. Others stress that, though “[w]e live in difficult times,” the notion that the government would “play with nuclear safety” is “unbelievable.” As Armenia gears up for its February 2013 presidential elections, look for political attention to all such views only to increase, local observers say.

Osana Mksy-Artinian AMP Mortgage Specialist

mobile: 416-315-7310 office: 416-490-0607 osana.mksy-artinian@bmo.com

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ARS Roubina Chapter’s Annual Lottery Winner’s List Draw Date : Sunday 04 November 2012 4.00 pm Grand Prize Winners :1st Prize Apple I PAD ,32 GB, WiFi 2nd Prize 14KT White Gold Dimond Ring /Gem Scope 3rd Prize Toy Watch / Cupido Designs 4th Prize 2 Raptor tickets 5th Prize 2 Pieces of Heys Luggage

# 2567 #4363 #4058 #0907 #2281

Yeghish Darakjian Shavarsh Tchaderian Catherine Dorna Lora Tachjian George Tufenkjian

#0489 #3268 #3822 #1327 #3213 #3471 #0827 #1601 #0133 #4737 #4649 #3760 #4240 #4303 #3927

Ripsime Demirdjian Teena Derderian Garineh Bagdassarian Harout Makdessian Lori Tashjian Svetlana Karapetyan Jano Pilavdjian Jivana Iskenderian Sophia Saboundjian Marie Shemavonian Arda Mahdessian Christine Avedissian Mirakian Hagop Babousian Zaroug Proudian

Other Prizes:6th Prize Ladies Handbag (Purse) 7th Prize Silver Necklace 8th Prize Silver Necklace 9th Prize Silver Necklace 10th Prize $50 Gift Certificate 11th Prize 5 Piece Ceramic Set 12th Prize Serving Bowl with Cover 13th Prize $50 Gift Certificate 14th Prize Basket of Hair Products 15th Prize $50 Gift Certificate 16th Prize Crystal Platter 17th Prize 5 Piece Corning Set 18th Prize Cake Plate 19th Prize Picture Frame 20th Prize Chocolate wonder Chocolate Maker

Winners can claim their Prizes every Monday around 8pm from the ARS office located at 45 Hallcrown Place by presenting their winning stub to Ung. Azo Kolandjian.

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ä³ïñ³ëïáõÃÇõÝ - Èáõ³É »õ ëñµÇãÇÝ íñ³Û ãáñóÝ»É ³ñÙïÇùÁ: - Æõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñÁ ³é³ÝÓÇÝ-

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2012 30¼.¸ºÎîºØ´ºð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 86

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¸ºÎîºØ´ºð 2012 À. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 86

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2012 32 ¼.¸ºÎîºØ´ºð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 86

TorontoHye Newspaper Volume 8, #3-86 - December 2012  

TorontoHye Newspaper, the largest Armenian community newspaper in the Greater Toronto Area, which distributes to more than 3,000 households...