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Armen Krikorian Sales Representative

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I N T E R N AT I O N A L

Direct: 416-885-8345 akrikorian@trebnet.com www.armenhomes.com

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Ú³ñáõà سÝáõÏ»³Ý Toronto District School Board-Ç Â»ÏݳÍáõ

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Feb. 18, 25 and March 3

Brokerage, Independently Owned and Operated

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Don't Forget the ARS School Telethon on

APPRAISING, LISTING & NEGOTIATING Volume 7, No. 5 (76), February 2012 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper REALTY EXECUTIVES EXPERTS INC.

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ûųݹ³Ïáõû³Ý« ͳé³Ûáõû³Ý »õ ÝáõÇñáõÙÇ Ù³ëÇÝ Ã¿ ë÷ÇõéùÇ »õ ÿ ѳÛñ»ÝÇùÇ ï³ñ³ÍùÇÝ£ ²Ý ß»ßï»ó, ÿ ³ÙµáÕç ¹³ñ ÙÁ ÐúØÁ Çñ ÝáõÇñ»³É ϳٳõáñ ³Ý¹³ÙÝ»ñáõ ÷³Õ³Ý·áí ϒÇñ³·áñÍ¿ Çñ µ³½Ù³ÃÇõ Íñ³·ÇñÝ»ñÁ áñå¿ë ѳٳѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý »õ Ù³ñ¹³ëÇñ³Ï³Ý ÙÇáõÃÇõÝ: ²Ý ³Ý¹ñ³¹³ñÓ³õ 1995-Ç Ø²ÎÇ ÏÝáç³Ï³Ý ѳñó»ñáõ ËáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÇ ÐúØÇ Ù³ëݳÏóáõû³Ý« »õ ß»ßï»ó ÿ Û³çáñ¹ ³ÙÇë ·áñÍûÝ Ù³ëݳÏóáõÃÇõÝ åÇïÇ µ»ñ¿ زÎÇ ÏÝáç³Ï³Ý Çñ³íÇ׳ÏÇ ùÝݳñÏÙ³Ý ËáñÑñ¹³ÅáÕáíÇÝ, áõñ »ñÏáõ ³ß˳ï³ÝÇëï»ñ ÐúØ-Á åÇïÇ Ñáí³Ý³õáñ¿« Ù¿ÏÁ ϳݳóÇ Ñ³Ù³ß˳ñ³ÛÇÝ ¹ñ³Ù³ï³Ý Ñ»ï »õ ÙÇõëÁ زÎÇ Ùûï г۳ëï³ÝÇ å³ïáõÇñ³Ïáõû³Ý Ñ»ï ·áñͳÏó³Þ³ñ. ï»ë ¿ç 25

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ê. ö³ÛÉ»³Ý

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Interested individuals are asked to send in their resumes via e-mail to hr@generaldonlee.com, or by fax to 416-748-3400.


ÂàðàÜÂàÐ²Ú Îº²Üø

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ARS Organizes International Women’s Day Background:

International Women’s Day, originally called International Working Women’s Day, is marked annually on the 8th of March. It is a major day of global celebration of women. The date is also commemorated at the United Nations and is designated in many countries as a national holiday. Conferences sponsored by the UN have coordinated efforts for women’s rights and recognized the hard work and dedication to women around the world who are at the forefront of advancing women's issues. The messages given at these events often focus on themes such as innovation, the portrayal of women in the media, or the importance of education and career opportunities.

In Armenia:

After the collapse of the Soviet Union celebrations of IWD were abandoned. Instead, April 7 was introduced as a state holiday of “Beauty and Motherhood.” The new holiday immediately became popular among Armenians, as it commemorates one of the main holidays of the Armenian Church, the Annunciation. However, people continued celebrating IWD on March 8 as well. Public discussion held on the topic of two ‘Women’s Days’ in Armenia resulted in the recognition of the so called “Women’s Month” which is the period between March 8 and April 7.

A.R.S International Women’s Day event:

In 2010, the Roubina Chapter of the Armenian Relief Society (ARS) of Toronto: a women’s non profit organization, decided to host their own International Women’s Day event. The first guest speaker, Dr Ann Cavoukian, Privacy commissioner of Ontario, captivated the audience with her incredible past and her story of ambition and persistence. As the event was a sold out and received great feedback ARS decided to make it an annual occurrence. In 2011, Ms. Armine Yalnizyan, an economist, was featured as the guest speaker. Ms.Yalnizyan spoke about the labour markets and income inequality, focusing our attention on the growing income gap between the rich and the poor. In addition to the guest speaker we also featured a fashion show of items from Must Have Boutique and designer Kivera Naynomis (Arevik Simonian) of Yerevan, Armenia. Now in its third year we are looking forward to another powerful event featuring Ms. Rita Karakas and other surprise events.

2012 Theme:

The Theme of International Women’s Day this year is “Connecting Girls, Inspiring Futures

Guest Speaker for ARS International Women’s Day Event 2012:

Ms. Rita S. Karakas is the principal and managing partner of RSK Associates Inc an international strategic management advisory practice specializing in nongovernmental organizations. As of Jan 2012 Ms Karakas is the Senior Advisor, Corporate Affairs and Business Development at the MacdonaldLaurier Institute, Canada's preeminent nonpartisan policy think tank dealing with policy at the federal level. entrepreneur with over 20 years of global experience in both public and private sectors Ms.Karakas is an expert in Organizational D e v e l o p m e n t , St r a t e g i c C h a n g e Management, Performance Management Systems, Board Management & Governance, Fundraising, Marketing & Communications. Ms.Karakas has a substantive track record as a determined and conscientious senior executive and has demonstrated her ability to bring about continual and recognizable transformation at, the United Way/Centraide Canada, YWCA of/du Canada, TVOntario, and Oxfam Great Britain. She has worked extensively with global clients such as the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the Australian Government’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Council, Oxfam Australia, Oxfam Quebec and Oxfam International. Ms. Karakas is the former CEO of Save the Children Canada (2003-2007). She has considerable expertise and proven specialization in developing solid strategies for policy development, advocacy, international program development and communications. Event Information: March 4, 11am, Westin Prince Hotel, Toronto


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RBC Royal Bank

Khoren Mardoyan Mobile Mortgage Specialist Royal Bank of Canada Tel: 647-980-9449 Fax: 416-289-0352

When it comes to your mortgage, it is important to make sure you get the home you really want with flexible financing solutions that are right for you.

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VivaCell ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÁ 107 ³õ³· ¹åñáóÝ»ñáõ ï³ñ³ÍùÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ó³Ýó³ÛÇÝ ³Ýí׳ñ Wi-Fi ϳå åÇïÇ Ñ³ëï³ï¿: гٳó³ÝóÁ ѳë³Ý»ÉÇ åÇïÇ ÁÉÉ³Û ³ÙµáÕç ¹åñáóÇ ï³ñ³ÍùÇÝ: ¶Çïáõû³Ý »õ Øß³ÏáÛÃÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ ݳ˳ï»ë¿ 2012-ÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ó³ÝóÇÝ Ùdzó³Í ¹åñáóÝ»ñáõÝ ÃÇõÁ ѳëóÝ»É 1403-Ç:

EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICE, BROKERAGE*

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³éÝáõÙ ²ñó³ËÇ çñ³ÛÇÝ å³ß³ñÝ»ñÇ 80 ïáÏáëÁ: гñ³õ³ÛÇÝ Ù³ëáõÙ ø³ß³Ã³ÕÁ Æñ³ÝÇó ½³ïáõÙ ¿ ²ñ³ùë ·»ïÁ: ²Ûë ·»ïÇ íñ³Û ·ïÝáõáÕ ÑëÏ³Û³Ï³Ý çñ³Ùµ³ñÁ Ùûï ³å³·³ÛáõÙ ÏÁ í»ñ³ÍáõÇ Ñ³Ý·ëïÇ ·ûïáõ, ÇÝãÁ ½µûë³ßñçáõû³Ý ½³ñ·³óÙ³Ý Ñ»é³Ýϳñ ¿, Ýáñ ³ß˳ï³ï»Õ»ñÇ »õ »Ï³ÙáõïÝ»ñÇ Ýáñ ³ÕµÇõñ: ø³ß³Ã³ÕÇ Ýϳñ³·ÇñÝ ³ÙµáÕç³óÝ»Éáõ ѳٳñ åÇïÇ Ýß»Ýù, áñ 3404 ù³é. ùÉÙ. (1313ù³é. ÙÕáÝ) ÁݹѳÝáõñ ٳϻñ»ëáí ³Ûë ßñç³ÝÇ í»ñ³µÝ³Ï»óáõÙÁ é³½Ù³Ï³Ý Ý߳ݳÏáõÃÇõÝ áõÝÇ ²ñó³ËÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ: ²Ù¿ÝÇó ³é³çª ²ñó³ËÁ ºñ»õ³ÝÇ

³ÝóÝáõÙ ¿ ßñçÏ»¹ñáÝ ´»ñÓáñáí, áñÁ ëï³ó»É ¿ ݳ»õ §Î»³ÝùÇ ×³Ý³å³ñѦ ³ÝáõÝÁ: г۳ëï³ÝÇ Ñ»ï ϳåáÕ Ùݳó³Í »ñ»ù ׳ݳå³ñÑÝ»ñÇó »ñÏáõëÁ ÝáÛÝå¿ë ³ÝóÝáõÙ »Ý ø³ß³Ã³ÕÇ ßñç³Ýáíª Ô³÷³Ý-¼³Ý·»É³Ý-滵ñ³ÛÇÉ, Ø»ÕñÇ-ØÇçݳõ³Ý-Ðá鳹ǽ: ¼³ñ·³ó³Í áõ í»ñ³µÝ³Ï»óáõ³Í ø³ß³Ã³ÕÁ ³Ùáõñ ÑÇÙù ¿ µ³Ý³Ïó³ÛÇÝ ¹ÇñùáñáßÙ³Ý Ñ³ñóáõÙ: ²ÛÝ ÷³ëï³óÇ ÑÇÙù ÏÁ ÉÇÝÇ, ÇÝãÁ ¹Åáõ³ñ ÏÁ ÉÇÝÇ ÷áË»É: ø³ß³Ã³ÕÇ ·ÇõÕ³ïÝï»ë³Ï³Ý ѳñáõëï ï³ñ³ÍùÁª ²ñó³ËÇ ÇÝùݳµ³õáõû³Ý Ñݳñ³õáñáõÃÇõÝÝ ¿:


öºîðàô²ð 2012 ¾. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

“The Voice of Armenian Business in Canada”

Annual Banquet Honoring

Mr. Vazken Terzian

Vice President of Servocraft Ltd. Business Person of the Year

February 25, 2012 6:30 pm Hazleton Manor banquet hall

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Admission: $ 80.00 per person

For tickets and info please call: 416-871-4424 info@cabc-ontario.com

13


2012 14 ¾.öºîðàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

Lara°s Catering гÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ñ³ëï³ïáõÃÇõÝ,áõñ ÏÁ ·ïÝ¿ù ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý »õ ÙÇçÇÝ ³ñ»õ»É»³Ý ½³Ý³½³Ý Ñ³Ù»Õ »õ Ù³ïã»ÉÇ ·ÇÝ»ñáí ѳõáõ ù»å³å, Ïáíáõ ù»å³å,ÔÇÙ³ ù»å³å,гÙáë, ³åáõÉ¿, å³å³Õ³ÝÝáõß, ɳåÝ¿, ÙáõѳÙÙ³ñ³, ÓÏݻտÝÝ»ñ, å¿ûñ¿ÏÝ»ñ »õ ï»ë³Ï³õáñ ³ÛÉ ×³ß»ñ:

Üß³ÝïáõùÝ»ñáõ, ѳñë³ÝÇùÝ»ñáõ, ÙÏñïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ »õ ï³ñ»¹³ñÓÝ»ñáõ ѳٳñ áñ³Ï³õáñ ׳߻ñ, Ù³ïã»ÉÇ ·ÇÝ»ñ »õ ɳõ³·áÛÝ ëå³ë³ñÏáõÃÇõÝ:

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öºîðàô²ð 2012 ¾. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

¶Ç￱Çù ÿ ³ÕÙ³Ý »õ ¹Ç³Ï³½ÝÙ³Ý Í³Ëë»ñÁ ·ñ»Ã¿ ÝáÛÝÝ »Ý »õ ϳ˻³Éª ÁÝï³ÝÇùÇ Ï³ï³ñ³Í ÁÝïñáõûݿÝ

г۳ëï³Ý ΰáÕçáõÝ¿... ß³ñ ¿ç 3 ¿Ý

ëñµ³·ñ»Éáõ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý Çñ ³Ýó»³ÉÁ£ 23 ÚáõÝáõ³ñ 2012-Ç ùáõ¿³ñÏáõÃÇõÝÁ Ù»½Ç ÏÁ ÛÇß»óÝ¿ ³ÛÝ ¹¿åùÁ, »ñµ гÛáó ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý Å³Ù³Ý³Ï üñ³Ýë³Ï³Ý ܳõ³ïáñÙÁ Ù»ñ ÅáÕáíáõñ¹ÇÝ Ù¿Ï Ñ³ïáõ³ÍÁ Èǵ³Ý³Ý ï»Õ³÷áË»ó, áñå¿ë½Ç ³ÝáÝù Ëáõë³÷ÇÝ Çñ»Ýó »Õµ³ÛñÝ»ñáõÝ »õ ùáÛñ»ñáõÝ ×³Ï³ï³·ñ¿Ý£ øáõ¿³ñÏáõÃÇõÝÁ ß³ñáõݳÏáõÃÇõÝÝ ¿ Ù³ñ¹áõ Çñ³õáõÝùÝ»ñáõÝ í»ñ³µ»ñ»³É üñ³Ýë³ÛÇ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý Û³ÝÓݳéáõû³Ý£ ²ñ³Ù ². í»Ñ³÷³éÇ Ñ³Ùá½Ù³Ùµª ³Ûë å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ùáõ¿³ñÏáõû³Ùµª üñ³Ýë³ Ï’û·Ý¿ ÂáõñùÇáÛª ÙdzݳÉáõ ³ÛÝ Ñ½ûñ »ñÏÇñÝ»ñáõÝ, ÇÝãå¿ëª àÕç³ÏǽáõÙÁ ׳Ýãó³Í ¶»ñÙ³ÝdzÝ, êñ»åñ»ÝÇù³ÛÇ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ Áݹáõ-

15

Ý³Í ê»ñådzÝ, µÝÇÏÝ»ñáõ ó»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ÁݹáõÝ³Í ¶³Ý³ï³Ý£ Æñ ËûëùÇ ³õ³ñïÇÝ ²ñ³Ù ². Áë³Í ¿, §²ëÇϳ ³éÇà ¿ ÂáõñùÇáÛ Ñ³Ù³ñª ï»ÕÇ ï³Éáõ Çñ Ù»ñÅáÕ³Ï³Ý ù³Õ³ù³Ï³Ýáõû³Ý, ¹³¹ñ»óÝ»Éáõ Ù³ñ¹áõ Çñ³õáõÝùÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³õ³ï³ñÇÙ »ñÏÇñÝ»ñÁ ³Ýå³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ³Ýáõ³Ý»É¿Ý »õ Ó»éݳñÏ¿ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ë˳ÉÝ»ñáõ ëñµ³·ñÙ³Ý áõÕÕáõ³Í ѳٳñÓ³Ï ù³ÛÉ»ñ áõ ³ÝóÝÇ ÷áËѳïáõóÙ³Ý ·áñÍÁÝóóÇݦ£

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2012 16 ¾.öºîðàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

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öºîðàô²ð 2012 ¾. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

TORONTO ARMENIANS

17

Harout Manougian in Tight Race for Toronto District School Board Trustee Harout Manougian, is a candidate for Toronto District School Board (TDSB) Trustee for Ward 17 (Don Valley East). Here’s our interview with him. Q- Why is there a TDSB election and why there is no media coverage? A- The incumbent TDSB trustee was elected as an MPP during the last provincial election in October, leaving a vacant seat that must be filled within a certain timeframe. Byelections usually tend to receive much less media attention than a general election because they are held in only a small area. Ward 20, which is right next to the area where

I am running, is also going through the same process. Q- What is your educational background? A- I am a graduate of the University of Waterloo with a Masters in Electrical and Computer Engineering, focussing on sustainable energy. My learning was not restricted to the classroom, however. During my time there, I was the Editor-In-Chief of the engineering newspaper, The Iron Warrior, and was involved in a number of campus clubs. For the past two years, I have been working at the engineering department of Hydro One, where I continue to learn

The map of Ward 17

every day. Q- Why did you choose to run for this position? A- I have worked with youth for the last number of years, most notably leading the Armenian Youth Federation of Canada in its nationwide operations. I have seen the amazing results of what young people are capable of if given the tools and motivation to create something great. Whether it is a concert advocating human rights at Yonge and Dundas Square, or a free summer camp for underprivileged children in the Armenian city of Vanatsor, our young people have shown time and time again that there are no limits to their potential. I want to help foster that creative environment at the Toronto District School Board by ensuring our schools are safe and welcoming community hubs. Towards that goal, I would target bullying as an impediment to a healthy learning environment. The TDSB has done some great work on this front recently. I would want to make sure that bystanders in our schools have the courage to step in when they see a bullying situation, which almost always ends the conflict on the spot. I also want to make sure parents can make their voices heard when there are major decisions made at the school board level. Through proactive communication, I would listen to concerns ahead of time, before the debate has already ended. Finally, I would like to see technology play a greater role in today’s classrooms. Our future graduates will enter a world with a very competitive, globalized economy, where they will be competing for jobs against others from across the world. I consider it our duty to ensure that they receive every competitive advantage possible to help them succeed in such an environment. Introducing more technology and upgrading aging facilities is an important step towards that goal. Q- Who is Eligible to vote? A- To be eligible to vote the person needs to: be a Canadian citizen, be at least 18 years of age, live in the riding of Ward 17 (Don Valley East), be registered as an English Public school board supporter (the default).

Canada Marks 20 Years of Recognition of Armenia’s Independence On January 11, 2012 Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird issued the following statement on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of Canada’s recognition of Armenia’s independence: “Twenty years ago today, Canada was among the first Western nations to recognize Armenia as an independent state and, a few days later, to formally establish diplomatic relations. Today, we enjoy a strong and growing partnership, notably through our ongoing cooperation in multilateral organizations.” “Over the years, we have forged bonds of friendship and cooperation based on our

shared commitment to promoting democratic values and global peace and security. These links have been further strengthened by the presence of more than 50,000 Canadians of Armenian descent who continue to make significant contributions to Canada’s cultural, political and economic life.” To mark the anniversary, Minister Baird recently met with Armenian Ambassador to Canada, Armen Yeganian, and presented him with a framed reproduction of the official declaration establishing diplomatic relations between Canada and Armenia.

Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird meets with Armen Yeganian, Armenia°s Ambassador to Canada, in Ottawa, December 14, 2011. Baird presented the ambassador with a framed reproduction of the official declaration establishing diplomatic relations between Canada and Armenia. (Photo/dfait.maeci)

Toronto District School Board Trustee candidate Harout Manougian with children Q- What is the geographical area of the riding? A- The general borders of Ward 17 (Don Valley East) are Finch Ave. to the north, Eglinton Ave. to the south, Victoria Park Ave. on the east and Leslie St./Don River to the west. Q- What if someone is presently registered under the Catholic or Separate school board. Is there a way they can still participate? A-The by-election is only for English Public supporters, however, it is quite simple to change one’s registration. There is a form to amend the voter’s list, which I believe should even be available at the voting location. To get one ahead of time, feel free to call my campaign for assistance. Q- What is the date of the by-election and how many candidates have registered to run? A-The by-election will be held on February 27, with advanced voting on February 18 and 19. Those who need assistance to get to the voting location can call my campaign and we can arrange for a driver to pick you up. Presently there are 17 candidates registered for this by-election in Ward 17. Since the names are listed in alphabetical order, my name appears number 16 on the ballot. Q- How can someone help your campaign? A- As you know volunteers are the heart and soul of every campaign. We need many volunteers to canvass, phone and to help drive our supporters to their voting locations. For those who live in the riding, it is extremely important for every member of the family to vote. For those who don’t live in the riding,

they will most certainly have friends, relatives, acquaintances and neighbours who live in the riding. I urge them to help spread the word and let them know how important this election is and also to pass on their contact information to our campaign team via the support module on my website. Of course it goes without saying that all campaigns need financial support. For those who are able to donate to my campaign I would be very grateful. Please make personal or company cheques payable to “Harout Manougian Campaign” and the maximum limit an Ontario resident or Ontario-based company may donate is $750. Q- Any final words? A- I am very thankful for all the volunteers and donors that have already supported the campaign. The response at the door when we talk to residents has been phenomenal. Of the 17 candidates, I believe our team is working the hardest and I am looking forward to seeing the results on February 27. If you live in Ward 17 or Ward 20, don’t forget to vote, and if you live elsewhere, don’t forget to spread the word about the election.

To connect with Manougian and get more information: - Check out his website at www.haroutmanougian.ca - Email him at info@haroutmanougian.ca - Call him at 647-361-9131 - Connect on Facebook at www.facebook.com/HManougian - Follow him on Twitter @HaroutManougian


2012 18 ¾.öºîðàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

TORONTO ARMENIANS

Hamazkayin Stages Two Plays: Pirhamzei’s “I don’t Need a Psychologist” and Ardzrooni’s “Tin Cans”

Pirhamzei-Avanesian couple’s effortless Tin Cans: eccentric, clumsy, and rich with talent on stage humour

Vahik Prihamzei with his wife Anahid Avanesian on stage. by Katya Der Hovagimian On January 14th, Hamazkayin launched Armenian Theatre month with Vahik Prihamzei’s comedy “I Don’t Need a Psychologist”. After a number of sold out shows in Los Angeles and Sweden, the piece made its Canadian premiere under the auspices of the Pomegranate Film Festival. A full house of Toronto Armenians of all ages gathered in the Hamazkayin Theatre to see the much anticipated play following a month’s rest since the Canadian premiere of “My Uncle Rafael” at the 6th annual Pomegranate Film Festival starring Pirhamzei. The play is co-written and directed by Pirhamzei, while also produced and co-starring his wife Anahid Avanessian. The audience is pitted as a fly on the wall during what is perceived to be a private dialogue in a psychologist’s office between two initially unconnected individuals who—ironically—are convincing themselves that they don’t need the help of a psychologist. A seemingly tortured computer engineer Michael and unhappy housewife Tina butt heads as the latter is a materialist and the former exudes a more romantic disposition about life. Two local actors also assisted in rounding out the cast for the play; Serge Keshishian appeared as the flower courier and Vrej Avakian played the role of Dr. Mikaelian, the psychologist. The 90-minute performance caused the audience to roar with laughter cherishing the undeniable chemistry between Pirhamzei and Avanessian as they watched the two bicker like a married couple, all pun intended. The calibre of pure talent on stage was incredible, the two bounced off each other rhythmically and effortlessly as they brought the script to life without hesitation. Pirhmazei plays the role of the typical alpha-male attempting to take

control and remain reasonable—which proves to be nearly impossible after Tina accidentally drugs him with Valium and allows him to become inebriated. If Bravo television were ever to release a “Real Housewives of Glendale”, Tina would be the perfect star candidate. After possessing everything she has ever wanted, it’s not enough for Tina as she's still unhappy and discusses monetary concerns while threatening to kill herself by driving off a bridge in her Bentley. The play mocks the inert stubbornness and denial in everyone to admit both their wrongdoings and need for assistance. Although a comedy in its context, the subtext confronts social issues like money, power, happiness, love, and equality. The play takes an unexpected turn when towards the end, after Michael’s departure, Tina learns that Michael’s melancholy is a result of his inability to come to terms with the loss of his wife, however, a comedy can’t end with complete sadness—Tina returns to her troubled state and begins whining all over again about her perceived ills to the psychologist - much to the audience's delight. Through complete altruism and unequivocal kindness, Vahik Pirhmazei and Anahid Avanesian decided to generously donate all proceeds from their performance to the POMGrant bursary to support and encourage aspiring filmmakers to “explore multicultural identity though a cinematic lens”. Following the performance, Pirhamzei called upon the Armenian community of Toronto to encourage Armenian productions and to be the "raison-d'etre" for the continuation of Armenian theatre. The commencement of Hamazkayin theatre month was a dual success; fuelling interest in Armenian theatre and also leaving the audience craving more.

Viken Frounjian, of Montreal’s Bedros Atamian Theatre, as Robert Charpentier in the Tin Cans by Ara Hasserjian The tensions escalate further once it is

On January 21, the Hamazkayin Theatre at the Armenian Youth Centre was host to a production of the Armenian play “Tin Cans”. The piece is written by Ara Adzrooni, an Armenian playwright who was born in Beirut, and now resides in Yerevan. The piece was brought to life by director Nancy Issa Torosian and the “Bedros Atamian” theatre group, which belongs to the “Sanahin” (Montreal) chapter of the Hamazkayin Armenian Educational and Cultural Society. This group staged the piece in Montreal in November of 2011, and were invited to present it to Toronto’s Armenian community as well. The show was the second of two plays that formed the “Armenian Theatre Month” planned by the theatrical committee of Toronto (Klatsor) chapter of Hamazkayin. As the storyline progresses, little time is wasted before the plot delves into the absurd. Twenty years after the death of rich explorer Jacques Charpantier, his will is to be dispersed among his four heirs, which include his brother, son, young daughter, and mistress. A peculiar set of rules will decide who wins the entire inheritance – the four heirs must spend 40 long days living in the castle, pondering what is the “ultimate truth” that Jacques discovered in his travels immediately before his death. They have limited access to the external world, and although they may abandon the challenge, the winner must persevere to the end. It is in this unusual circumstance with large sums of money at stake that the characters gradually shed their civility and polite behavior. A more primitive and ruthless nature of mankind is revealed in all four of the actors – they begin to form coalitions, plan elaborate games to persuade one another to abandon the challenge, and even consider murder.

revealed that on the last ten days of the challenge, the castle becomes completely sealed from the external world – the only food they may consume being the tin cans of preserves, which serves as an analogue for the captivity they find themselves in. Paranoia and delirium set in, treachery and deceit ensue with greater intensity, and ultimately only one heir remains alive – the least conniving and ambitious of them all. “Tin Cans” is a truly versatile piece. It is eccentric, clumsy, and rich with humour, while providing a meaningful and profound commentary on human nature. Character development is rich while still leaving much to the creativity of the director and actors. This is where Director Nancy Issa Torosian truly took a hold of this piece and unleashed its potential. She made excellent use of lighting and audio to set a mood that mirrored the oscillating tensions between the actors. Her selection of stage and props enhanced our understanding of each character and their nature. It is with Nancy’s imparted direction that this production, cast predominantly of amateur actors, exuded an impressive degree of professionalism.

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S e r v i n g t h e A r m e n i a n C o m m u n i t y f o r 2 0 Ye a r s

Ara Graphics

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ART/CULTURE

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The Muscial Legacy of Boghos Gelalian by Araxie Altounian

On December 16, 2011, the Lebanese Armenian community as well as the Lebanese musical community mourned the loss of one of their most beloved and admired members, Lebanese-Armenian composer Boghos Gelalian. Nicknamed “Batrak al musiqa” (Patriarch of Music) by the Rahbani brothers, “Ousta” (Master) for his pupils, Gelalian left a profound impact on numerous students, colleagues and friends both as a musician and as a most generous and caring human being. A composer, arranger, pianist, piano and harmony teacher who lived and worked in Beirut for almost seventy years, Boghos Gelalian was born in Alexandrette (then in Syria), in 1927. As a child, he grew up in a community of survivors of the Armenian Genocide, surrounded by Armenian and Turkish music, while receiving his classical (western) music education in the school of the Italian Carmelite Fathers. Arriving in Lebanon during the Second World War as a teenager, he found it hard to pursue music lessons regularly. But playing fashionable ‘light’ music in night-clubs and classical music in upscale hotels, accompanying the classes of voice teachers such as Mme Koussevitzky, as well as the Armenian Church choir, along with sporadic lessons with the Russian Baron Erhast Belling, previously the conductor of the Imperial Court of Russia, and the French organist and mathematician Bertrand Robilliard, gave him a unique exposure to different styles of music. Later in life he also collaborated with renowned Lebanese musicians such as the Rahbani Brothers and the Lahoud Brothers, especially within the frame of the Baalbeck International Festivals, which introduced him to Arabic music. Gelalian’s music is a unique blend of the influences mentioned above. In the 1960’s, while his career was developing, Beirut was being introduced to the latest avant-guard music of Europe. Several European composers visited the city, including Stockhausen who composed the

work Jeita to be performed in the cave of the same name north of Beirut. Gelalian was sensitive to the new influence, but resolved to find his personal voice, inspired by Armenian and Middle-Eastern modes. By creatively exploiting the chromatic fragments of such scales, and experimenting with their harmonization, Gelalian reached a degree of chromaticism that approached atonal music. He also experimented with the use of modal cadences as well as Armenian and Middle-Eastern rhythmic patterns. Gelalian has invented the adjective “orientalisant” (French) to describe his work which alludes to the Middle-East and is inspired by it without thematic borrowing. Intensely melodic, driven by incessant rhythmic energy, harmonically quite intricate, and highly original, Gelalian’s music strives to transcend all national and cultural barriers to reach a universal public. Throughout the 60’s and the 70’s Gelalian was hailed as one of the most outstanding talents in his country. He won First, Second and Fourth Prizes at the first Grand concours de la composition libanaise in 1964, and Second Prize at the third Grand concours in 1966 receiving the acknowledgement of such renowned European composers as Pierre Petit, Henri Dutilleux, H. H. Stuckenschmidt, and others. His talent and contribution to culture have been crowned by several prizes and decorations, including: The Saïd Akl Prize, (Lebanon, 1969), two decorations from the Armenian Catholicos of the Great House of Cilicia, in 1973 and 1977, the rank of Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, from the French Ministry of Culture, 1985and Order of the Knigts of Saint-Sylvestre (Papal decoration, 1986). Gelalian’s multifaceted musical career also included collaborating with singers, such as renowned Armenian soprano, the late Arpiné Pehlivanian, and the Grande Dame of Lebanese song, Feiruz, orchestral arrangements for the Lahoud Brothers’ musical shows, and teaching piano and

harmony at the Beirut National Conservatory of Music (among his students is the well known Toronto based concert pianist Serouj Kradjian). Gelalian is also the author of a didactic book, Harmonie tonale et modes (1971, 1973). He has composed for piano, violin, cello, oboe, flute, voice and orchestra, along with numerous choral and orchestral arrangements. Among his published works are worth mentioning: Sonata per pianoforte, Éditions Françaises de Musique, Maison de L’O.R.T.F., Paris, 1965; Due Vocalizzi per Soprano, Edizioni Curci, Milano, 1968; Sept Séquences pour orchestre, Peters, Leipzig, 1971; Tre Cicli for piano, Ricordi Americana, Buenos Aires, 1969; Quatre Jeux pour flûte seule, Éditions Robert Martin, Mâcon, France, 1979. Regrettably, there are practically no commercial recordings of Gelalian’s original work, with the exception of an LP recorded by Hasmig Surmelian (piano) and Franck Agier (violin) (Paris, 1986), including some violin works and some piano works, as well as a CD recorded by Wissam Boustany, a Lebanese flautist residing in England, titled “Wandering Winds” (Dal Segno, 1998), featuring Gelalian’s work for solo flute. The internationally acclaimed Lebanese pianist Waleed Howrani is perhaps the most outstanding interpreter of Gelalian’s intricate yet brilliant piano music. The music library of the Université Saint-Esprit in Kaslik, Lebanon, possesses copies of his electrifying live recordings. In April 1992 Boghos Gelalian was honoured in a special concert-ceremony celebrating the 50th anniversary of his career in Lebanon, and jointly organized by the Armenian General Benovolent Union (AGBU), Lebanese Chapter, and the Université Saint-Esprit of Kaslik (USEK). This invitation-only ceremony gathered around the composer his life-long friends and colleagues, as well as numerous religious and political dignitaries from the Armenian and the Lebanese communities.

Throughout the ceremony there was no doubt about the love, respect, admiration and gratitude that all those present had for this greatly talented yet profoundly human and humble musician, mentor and friend. The outpouring of praise came as no surprise, given the wealth that Gelalian has given to all those whose lives he has touched, both as a man and as a musician.

Te s t i m o n i a l s o n J e l a l i a n ’ s contribution to Lebanese cultural life: - “Boghos has been the beacon of his environment. All Lebanese composers benefited from his experience”. Georges Baz - “Boghos’ work reflects the civilized Lebanon.” Roméo Lahoud - “With his professional conscience and his quest for perfection, Boghos is a musical model.” Nahi Lahoud - “It must be known better, it must be said better: Gelalian is the greatest, the best, the first.” Cécile Ronzevalle - “There is not a single work of ours, the Rahbani Brothers, in which we have not consulted him, or in which he was not present. Boghos is a great composer of my country that I’m proud of.” Mansour Rahbani

Armenia to Face Canada by Armen Bedakian

in International Friendly

The Canadian Soccer Association announced on January 20 that the Canadian Men’s National Football Team will be taking on the Armenian National Team in an international friendly. For Armenian-Canadians who follow the beautiful game, the ageold question of “who would you support?” will finally be answered. Canadian head coach Stephen Hart announced that the match would take place on the first of FIFA’s international dates in 2012. Originally set to take on New Zealand, Canada decided to take on Armenia as the two sides get set for a long World Cup qualifying campaign. "Armenia’s an option presented to us. I did some quick homework on them, and saw that they were a very effective attacking team,” said Hart, during a press conference. “I thought they would be a really good fit for us." The Armenian national team will use this game as a barometer of just how much they have improved since the beginning of 2 0 11 . A r m e n i a e n j o y e d a n impressive 2011, nearly making it to the Euro Cup finals, before losing out to Ireland. Armenia recorded five

wins, two ties and three losses in Euro Cup qualification. Armenia also leapt in FIFA’s international rankings, and now sits 45th overall. The squad, led by a fresh injection of young talent, will look to set the bar even higher in 2012, and a win against Canada would be a dream start. They’ll look to forward Yura Movsisyan and midfielder Henrikh Mkhitaryan to lead the offense against Les Rouges. Movsisyan, who is being sniffed at by Russian powerhouse CSKA Moscow, has plenty of knowledge playing against the Canadian backline – many of the players Canada will field play in the North American league, Major League Soccer, a league that Movsisyan himself was a part of. Canada will use this game to test out a few younger players, who have yet to suit up for their national team; Armenia, however, will be playing their strongest eleven for some much-needed first-team experience. The excitement amongst Canadians with an Armenian background is also growing. Local soccer enthusiasts take pride in their support for Team Canada, but at the

same time, any chance to root for Armenia is one that is well received, especially amongst Homenetmen’s young soccer players. “I would pick Armenia,” said longtime Homenetmen U-19 Junior Boys goalkeeper Alec Najarian. “I am Armenian and I will always support them with all my heart in any way possible.” It’s a sentiment that is echoed by his U19 teammates as well. “Although I’m born and raised in Canada and I absolutely love it here, I will definitely be cheering Armenia on because Armenia is my motherland,” said midfielder Eddy Kabakian. “I would like to see Armenia win because it will give them a chance to get their name known in the soccer world,” said Apig Baghdasarian, who plays as a forward for the U-19 Juniors as well. “Many Canadians are not going to expect a small country to put up such a fight, and when they do, they will remember Armenia.” Still, a Canada win won’t be ill received for Apig: “As long as Armenia didn't give [the game] away Yura Movsisyan (left) takes on Canadian international defender easily, as a Canadian citizen, I would Nana Attakora during a Major League Soccer match in 2008. be proud of Canada winning.” The two will suit up and face each other again on February 29.


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ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

French Upper House Passes, Constitutional Court to Discuss Armenian Genocide Bil The French Senate approved a bill that would make it a criminal offense to deny Armenians suffered genocide at the hands of Ottoman Turks during World War I. The bill was adopted by the lower house of the French parliament last month and now goes to President Nicolas Sarkozy for his signature. The legislation makes it a criminal offense to deny genocide, including the mass killing of Armenians in eastern Turkey in 191516. Violators can be punished with up to a year in jail and 45,000 euros ($57,000) in fines. Addressing senators on January 23, the French minister in charge of relations with parliament Patrick Ollier called "denial...the supreme insult to the collective memory that we share." "It sweeps away the peoples' suffering and condemns the victims to be forgotten," Ollier added in a presumed reference to the fierce Tu r k i s h o p p o s i t i o n t o a n y characterization of those Ottoman-

era mass killings as "genocide." "Those who encourage it are fomenting hatred that could have been and should have been extinguished with time."

Bill on Hold

However, the bill was put on hold on Jan. 31, after some politicians opposed to the legislation demanded that its constitutionality be examined. Turkey had reacted furiously when the Senate approved the law which threatens with jail anyone in France who denies that the 1915 massacre of Armenians by Ottoman Turk forces amounted to genocide. President Nicolas Sarkozy’s office brushed off angry threats of retaliation by Turkey and vowed to enforce the law within a fortnight. But on Jan. 31, two separate groups of French politicians who oppose the legislation–from both the Senate and the lower house of parliament–said they had formally requested the constitutional council to examine the law. The groups said they each had

gathered more than the minimum 60 signatures required to ask the council to test the law’s constitutionality. “This is an atomic bomb for the Elysee (Sarkozy’s office) which didn’t see it coming,” said deputy Lionel Tardy, who said that most of the 65 signatories from the lower house were, like him, from Sarkozy’s UMP party. The council is obliged to deliver its judgment within a month, but this can be reduced to eight days if the government deems the matter urgent. Turkey’s President Abdullah Gul and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan immediately welcomed the development. “I hope the constitutional council will do what is necessary,” said Erdogan, while Gul said he was “not expecting the French from the very beginning to let their country be overshadowed” by the genocide law. France has already officially recognized the killings as a genocide, but the new law would go further by punishing anyone who denies this

Sarkisian Thanks Sarkozy For “Historic” French Bill

The Upper House of France°s national Essembly. with up to a year in jail and a fine of 45,000 euros ($57,000). Trade between the two states was worth 12 billion euros ($15.5 billion) in 2010, with several hundred

French businesses operating in Turkey. Amnesty International has criticized the French law, saying it would violate freedom of expression.

Turkey Calls French Armenia Genocide Bill “Racist”

Presidents Nicolas Sarkozy and Serzh Sarkisian

Turks in France demonstrate in front of the French Senate during the debates.

(RFE/RL)- President Serzh Sarkisian thanked his French counterpart Nicolas Sarkozy for helping to enact what he described as a historic law that criminalizes the denial of the Armenian genocide. “France has reaffirmed its greatness and power, its devotion to the universal human values,” Sarkisian said in a letter to Sarkozy publicized by his press office. “This day is exceptional for all those who are struggling for the protection of human rights, for the condemnation and prevention of the crimes against humanity.” “This is a historic day for the Armenians all over the world – in Armenia, in France, everywhere,” he said. Sarkisian hailed Sarkozy’s apparently decisive role in the bill’s passage by the French Senate. “I thank you for your personal commitment, for your invaluable input which made possible the adoption of the law criminalizing the denial of genocides,” he said. The Armenian leader sent a similar letter to Sarkozy after the bill was approved by France’s lower house of parliament, the National Assembly, on December 22. Sarkozy signaled support for the controversial measure championed by leaders of France’s sizable Armenian community when he paid an official visit to Yerevan in October. He urged Turkey to stop denying that the 1915 massacres of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire constituted genocide and made a point of laying flowers at a genocide memorial in

Turkey has denounced as “racist" and "discriminatory” a new French measure making it a criminal offense to deny that a genocide of Armenians by Ottoman Turks occurred. "Those who remain silent and indifferent to these racist, discriminatory developments are guilty of not hearing the footsteps of fascism in Europe,"said Prime Minister Erdogan.. Erdogan said the bill was "null and void" for Turkey, and threatened that Ankara would implement unspecified new retaliatory measures against fellow NATO member France if the legislation is signed into a law. "Right now, we are still in a period of patience and we are watching how the developments unfold. We will take the necessary stance according to the developments and unveil our action plan," Erdogan said. The bill passed by the French Senate on January 23 means that a person in France who denies an Armenian genocide could face a year in jail and a fine of $57,000.

Yerevan. Sarkisian’s Republican Party of Armenia (HHK) expressed confidence that the French law will encourage more countries to recognize the mass killings and deportations as genocide. “The adoption of this bill by the French Senate also demonstrated that Armenia’s authorities led by President Sarkisian have pursued a correct, flexible and, most importantly, pro-Armenian foreign policy,” HHK spokesman Eduard Sharmazanov said at a news conference. Giro Manoyan, the foreign policy spokesman for the opposition Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutyun, described the French parliament votes as a “victory for all Armenians.” Manoyan, whose party has an influential branch in France, agreed that the forthcoming French presidential election was instrumental in the bill’s passage. But he said other, moral factors were also at play. “It was a matter of principle and justice and we should thank France for that as well,” Manoyan told journalists. Meanwhile, more than 150 young Armenians rallied outside the French Embassy in Yerevan to also express their gratitude to France. The demonstrators, most of them supporters of Dashnaktsutyun’s and the HHK’s youth wings, chanted “Long live France!” and “Merci!” Some of them also held up pictures of Sarkozy and French deputy Valerie Boyer, the main sponsor of the bill.

French President Nicolas Sarkozy's office said on January 24 he will sign it into law within the next 14 days, as stipulated by the constitution. Sarkozy's ruling party put forward the bill. In a letter sent to Turkey's Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan on January 18 and made public on January 24, Sarkozy said the bill did not target one country in particular, and urged Ankara to take into account its "common interests" with France. Earlier, French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe called on “our Turkish friends to remain calm." "Turkey is a great country, a great economic power, a great political power. We need to have good relations with it," Juppe said. "Now this slightly excessive wave [of reaction], one must say it, I am certain that we'll return to constructive relations. I'm holding my hand out and I hope that it'll be taken one day."

Baby Sarkozi in Armenia

An Armenian couple has named its firstborn child after French President Nicholas Sarkozy two days after the French Senate adopted a bill criminalizing any public denial of the Armenian genocide. The infant, Sarkozy Avetisian, was born in Armenia's second-largest city, Gyumri. The father, Karapet Avetisian, said "on behalf of

the entire Armenian people and on my own behalf, I thank Sarkozy for taking this step." In 2001, when France first recognized the Ottoman-era mass killing of Armenians as genocide, another couple named its newborn twins "Jacques" and "Chirac" in honor of then-French President Jacques Chirac.


ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

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20 Steps Turkey Could Take to Worsen Relations with France

by Harut Sassounian

Ignoring Turkish threats and blackmail, the French Parliament adopted a bill on Dec. 22, 2011, criminalizing denial of the Armenian Genocide. The Senate followed suit on Jan. 23, 2012, with a vote of 127-86, after a 7-hour debate. The new law, to be signed soon by President Nicolas Sarkozy, carries a one-year jail term and a fine of $60,000 for anyone denying the genocide. Every single member of the French legislature, even those voting against the bill, stated that they had no doubt whatsoever about the facts of the Armenian Genocide. The hour of truth has now arrived. One wonders if Turkey’s leaders have the courage to carry out their bombastic declarations. We would like to ask them two questions: 1) Are you all talk and no action, or, as the saying goes, is your bark worse than your bite? 2) Will you be taking short-term face-saving measures or more serious and permanent steps? Unlike a month ago, the Turkish public will not be satisfied if the ambassador is withdrawn, only to be sent back in two weeks. Also, Turks may not be too impressed by their prime minister’s announcement that he will no longer visit Paris. While Turkish officials are recovering from the shock of the French vote, we wish to offer some tips on how Turks can make a bad situation even worse. In its fury, the Turkish government may take retaliatory measures not only against France, but against all

Clinton Calls Genocide Recognition a “Dangerous Door”

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said the recognition of the Armenian Genocide by the US “opens a door that is a very dangerous one to go through.” Responding to a question from a participant of a Town Hall Meeting on January 26, who asked why the US does not recognize the Genocide, Clinton characterized the Armenian Genocide as an historical issue and not a political one. “I think it’s fair to say that this has always been viewed, and I think properly so, as a matter of historical debate and conclusions rather than political. And I think that is the right posture for the United States Government to be in, because whatever the terrible event might be or the high emotions that it represents, to try to use government power to resolve historical issues, I think, opens a door that is a very dangerous one to go through. So the issue is a very emotional one; I recognize that and I have great sympathy for those who are just so incredibly passionate about it,” Clinton told the audience. “But I think the free market of ideas, the academic community, the open architecture of communication that is even greater now than

see page 22

countries that have recognized the genocide. Such extreme, irrational, and self-defeating actions would contribute to Turkey’s isolation and hurt its own interests. Below are suggested ideas on how Turkey could settle scores with France and other perceived adversaries: 1) Withdraw the Turkish ambassador from France and do not send him back until the F r e n c h g o v e r n m e n t r e n o u n c e s i ts acknowledgment of the Armenian Genocide and the newly adopted French bill. 2) Expel the French ambassador from Turkey and shut down the French Embassy. 3) Break all economic, military, cultural, and political ties with France. 4) Collect all French products such as chocolates and wines from store shelves throughout Turkey and dump them in the sewer; and ban French fries and French kissing! 5) Cancel all Turkish Airlines flights to French cities and do not allow Air France flights to Turkey. Place similar restrictions on French ships. 6) Prohibit the teaching of French in Turkish schools and shut down private French schools in Turkey. 7) Forbid access to all French websites. 8) Discontinue Turkey’s efforts to join the European Union, in view of the expected submission of similar measures on genocide denial to all 26 EU member countries. 9) Cancel Turkey’s membership in the Council of Europe because in 1987 the

European Parliament recognized the Armenian Genocide. 10) Withdraw from the United Nations because in 1985 the UN Human Rights Commission adopted a report recognizing the Armenian Genocide. 11) Ban all Turkish official visits to France. 12) Expel all French citizens from Turkey and demand that all Turkish citizens immediately leave the territory of France. 13) Do not allow French tourists and businessmen to enter Turkey. 14) Shut down French automobile factories in Turkey (causing the unemployment of thousands of Turkish workers). 15) Rename all French streets in Turkey to Algerian and North Korean names. 16) Adopt a resolution by the Turkish Parliament accusing France for the so-called Algerian “genocide.” 17) Deport all citizens of Armenia working illegally in Turkey. Deprive them of all food and water during their long march from Istanbul to Armenia—or, even worse, to the Syrian desert! 18) Withdraw all private and public Turkish funds from French banks. 19) Blacklist all French books, movies, newspapers, and TV programs in Turkey. 20) Arrest French citizens in Turkey in retaliation for Turks imprisoned in France for denying the Armenian Genocide. The French Senate’s decision is part of the high price the Turkish government has been paying for the past 100 years for its

French president Nicolas Sarkozy persistent denial of the Armenian Genocide and the heinous crimes committed by its Ottoman predecessors. Until Turkey acknowledges its guilt and restores Armenian lands and properties to the descendants of genocide victims, it will continue to face serious challenges from other countries and will be denied a place in the family of civilized nations.

Turkey Moves to Deport Armenian Workers after French Vote

by Nanore Barsoumian

Turkey is set to amend a law that aims to rid the country of illegal workers. Many view this move as retaliation against Armenians, in light of the new bill criminalizing Armenian Genocide denial in France. Different estimates in Turkey put the number of Armenian citizens in the country at as low as 10,000 and as high as 100,000. Many of them are women, and they are employed in low-skill jobs. “This country, which Mark Levene called ‘the Genocide zone,’ throughout its history has made it a habit to deport, expel, and relocate innocent people as retaliation and punishment for things they did not do, or have no connection to at all,” human rights advocate Ayse Gunaysu told the Armenian Weekly Editor Khatchig Mouradian. The amendment to Law No. 5683 on Residence and Travel of Foreign Subjects will be ratified on Feb. 1. In the past, people from the region migrated to Turkey on tourist visas, finding employment and becoming illegal workers. After a few months, they would leave and re-enter the country on a new tourist visa (a process called “visa runs”). The workers hailed mostly from countries such as Georgia, Azerbaijan, the Ukraine, Indonesia, and Armenia. The new system will force migrants to stay out of the country for 90 days between two entries. Authorities are set to strictly enforce the new law, penalizing visa overstays and runs. However, the amendment allows for employees who wish to keep their workers to pay a salary of TL 1,330 ($744), and an insurance premium, reported Bianet.org. The minimum wage in Turkey is TL 701 ($392), and it is unlikely that an unskilled worker will make significantly more than that. Back in March 2010, Turkish Prime

Minister Recep Tayip Erdogan hinted at retaliation against Armenian migrant workers if Genocide resolutions were passed in foreign parliaments. In a discussion about Genocide resolutions in the U.S. and Sweden, he told the BBC’s Turkish Service that of the 170,000 Armenians living in Turkey, only 70,000 are Turkish citizens. “We are turning a blind eye to the remaining 100,000… Tomorrow, I may tell these 100,000 to go back to their country, if it becomes necessary.” It appears the French bill was the last straw for Erdogan’s government. On Jan. 25, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu told reporters that “Turkey’s response to the adoption of the bill had long been decided.” President of the Migrants’ Association for Social Cooperation and Culture Sefika Gurbuz called the law a “threat to Armenians,” reported Bianet. Meanwhile, Gunaysu characterized Turkey’s response a “black comedy.” “The ongoing blackmail and threats against France Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu is itself proof of guilt as well as a manifestation of lack of dignity and self-respect, despite—of course—pathetic demonstrations of national deportations, especially in 1938 during and after the Dersim massacres,” she said. “In pride,” said Gunaysu. Gunaysu, who is a member of the 1964, the Turkish government expelled 40,000 Committee Against Racism and Discrimination Anatolian Greeks, forbidding them to bring of the Human Rights Association of Turkey, along any personal belongings over 20 kg and pointed out the country’s history of deporting $20, as a retaliation against Greece in innocents peoples. In 1915 the Young Turk connection with the Cyprus issue—a regime began its systemic deportations of deportation which is still terribly painful in the Armenians as a main tool to rid the Eastern memories of these people.” Gunaysu added, “The mindset from which provinces of a native population. “They still tell this policy of retaliation originates is racist, lies that it was because treacherous Armenians, inhuman, and brutal. The rulers of Turkey have whereas hundreds of thousands of Armenians once more proven that [the government] still were not engaged in any political activity follows the same path as that of their whatsoever,” said Gunaysu. Then it was the predecessors back in 1915 and all along the turn of Turkey’s Kurdish and Greek populations. history of the Republic.” “The republican period is full of Kurdish

¶ñ»ó¿ù Ù»½Ç §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ Çñ ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñ¿Ý ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ËÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý áõÕÕáõ³Í ϳñÍÇùÝ»ñ ÏÁ ëï³Ý³Û Ù»ù»Ý³·ñáõ³Í »õ áõÕÕáõ³Í Ñ»ï»õ»³É »É»ÏïñáÝÇù ѳëó¿Çݪ Email: torontohye@gmail.com


2012 22 ¾.öºîðàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

BOOK REVIEW

Documenting the 1915 Genocide Politics, Prose and Poetry

by Alan Whitehorn

After almost a century since the 1915 state-sponsored mass slaughter of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, one would think there would be few new pioneering books on the subject of the Armenian Genocide. That, however, is not the case. At least four important new reference volumes on the Armenian Genocide have appeared in English within the past year: Verjine Svazlian, The Armenian Genocide: Testimonies of the Eyewitness Survivors, Vahakn Dadrian & Taner Akcam, Judgment at Istanbul: The Armenian Genocide Trials, Raymond Kevorkian, The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History, and Shahen Khachaturian, The Colour of Pain: The Reflection of the Armenian Genocide in Armenian Painting. Each book is an important work that has been years in the preparation. Collectively, these works will have an enduring impact, as we approach the 100th memorial year.

The Armenian Genocide: Testimonies of the Eyewitness Survivors

Verjine Svazlian, author of a number of previous books of survivor memoirs on the genocide, is a remarkable scholar who has produced her lifetime’s legacy book: The Armenian Genocide: Testimonies of the Eyewitness Survivors (Yerevan, Gitoutyoun, 2011). At 848 pages, it is epic in scope, in almost every sense. Dr. Svazlian began her research interviews in the Soviet Union of the 1950s when it was politically dangerous to conduct such research. Half a century after and, at considerable expense in personal time and money, she has produced the most comprehensive published documentary account ever of Armenian Genocide survivor testimonies. Seven hundred entries, most mini-autobiographies, are included. Dr. Verjine Svazlian, senior research professor at the Armenian Genocide Museum, has published key portions of her genocide survivor research previously, but this is the integrating encyclopedic volume. Notably, it is co-sponsored by the prestigious National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, the Museum-Institute of the Armenian Genocide and the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography in Yerevan. With the help of her daughter Dr. Karnik Svazlian, the epic volume is exceptionally well-indexed by survivor’s name, city, region and subject. It has become an essential primary source documentary work. That this vast volume was achieved by one individual, rather than a team of scholars, is extraordinary. Without a doubt, it will become a crucial reference source for future researchers and educators writing about the Genocide. A copy should be acquired by every genocide and human rights museum. An Armenian-language version is also available. A Turkish language version was planned, with a brave publisher Ragip Zarakoglu in Istanbul, but he was arrested by state authorities in the fall of 2011. Government coercion, with the intent of silencing and intimidating publishing on the 1915 Genocide, continues in Turkey even to this day, almost a century later. It is an aggressive authoritarian form of genocide denial and, according to Genocide Watch’s Gregory Stanton, the last stage of genocide. Dr. Svazlian’s encyclopedic volume, in English and Armenia, is an articulate and powerful response to such arbitrary state censorship.

Clinton Calls ... from page 21

it was in the past, are the proper fora for this kind of engagement, and that’s where I hope it is worked out. And eventually, people will have their own conclusions, which needs to be respected, but we need to encourage anyone on any side of any contentious historical

Judgment at Istanbul: The Armenian Genocide Trials

Vahakn Dadrian and Taner Akcam are two remarkable and respected scholars (one Armenian and one Turkish) who have individually published many important books on the Armenian Genocide. Their new co-authored 363 page volume Judgment at Istanbul: The Armenian Genocide Trials (New York, Berghahhn Books, 2011) focuses upon the years after World War I when a new Turkish regime sought to punish the former Young Turk government and party officials who had engaged in atrocities and extensive human rights abuses. A Turkish-language version of the book was originally published in 2008. Drawing upon many primary sources in a variety of languages, this volume pulls together the most complete record to date of the pioneering post-WW I trials. It details the charges laid in a Turkish military court against Young Turk leadership, the course of the trials and the verdicts (including death sentences in absentia for Mehmet Talaat, Ismail Enver, Ahmed Cemal, and Mehmet Nazim). This pivotal volume shows the too-often neglected story of a key stepping stone for the emergence of human rights law, as it relates ultimately to crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes. These landmark Turkish court cases preceded by three decades the crucial and far better know Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals of the 1940s. It would take even longer, until the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st for the creation of the International Tribunals for Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Cambodia and the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Hague to prosecute others for such crimes against humanity. Judgment at Istanbul is part of several ongoing projects sponsored by the Zoryan Institute to document ever more fully the Armenian Genocide.

The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History

Raymond Kevorkian’s The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History (London, I.B. Tauris) is a 1,029 page opus that provides a broad canvass on the plight of the Armenians in the latter decades of the Ottoman Empire during both times of peace and war. The book commences with chapters on the massacres in the 1890s, then explores in-depth the pre-WWI era, documents extensively the key phases of the 1915 Genocide, including individual chapters on specific events in the different regions of Anatolia. Quite significantly, it also includes extensive coverage of the post-war trials and the emergence of the crucial concept of “crimes against humanity”. This is a volume that is epic in time frame and regions covered. As an academic book, it is well-footnoted, with 200 pages of references. The tables of data on Armenian population statistics, number of churches/monasteries and schools are exceptionally useful. They remind us that the Genocide was not simply the death of a million and a half individuals, but an entire ethnic community targeted and slaughtered, with neighbourhood schools, churches and monasteries destroyed. Genocide is a crime against a collective group of people such as an ethnic group or religious minority. Amongst its key targets are community schools and places of collective worship. Raymond Kervorkian, based in

debate to get out into the marketplace of ideas. Muster your evidence, put forth your arguments, and be willing to engage, and that’s what I think should happen on that too,” added Clinton who received a round of applause from the audience. She responded to a question from the

Paris, originally published this important work in French in 2006. Now that this encyclopedic volume is available in English, his epic work will have an even wider audience. It is destined to become a key reference work.

The Colour of Pain:The Reflection of the Armenian Genocide in Armenian Painting In addition to detailed analysis by scholars, members of the Arts community have also endeavored to ‘describe the indescribable’. Shahen Khachaturian’s edited collection The Colour of Pain: The Reflection of the Armenian Genocide in Armenian Painting (Yerevan, Printoinfo Publishing House, 2010) is a compendium of Armenian artists’ account of mass killings of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. This 208 page bilingual (English and Armenian) large-format art book focuses upon colour paintings on the Hamidian Massacres of the 1890s, the 1915 Genocide, and the continued period of suffering long after the horrific deeds. This volume is a powerfully moving portrayal of the collective suffering from state-sponsored ethnic and religious persecution of the Armenian people. The insights are through the eyes of famous and notable Armenian artists. Many of the paintings included in this volume can be found in the collections of the National Gallery of Armenia and the Armenian Genocide Museum in Yerevan. The painfully evocative paintings include those by Hovhannes Ayvazovsky, Vartges Sureniants, Sarkis Khachaturian, Arshak Fetvadjian, V. Podpomogov (Ter-Astvatsatrian), Khoren Der-Harutian, Arshile Gorky (Vostanik Adoyan), Kero Antoyan, Carzou (Carnik Zulumian), Jansem (Hovhannes Semerdjian), Papaz (Hagop Papazian), Hagop Hagopian, Grigor Khandjian and others. The edited collection could have included other contemporary artists such as Canada’s Hagop Khoubesserian, but it is, without a doubt, an impressive volume. The quality of the colour prints is excellent. It is often said that a picture can convey more than words. Together these works of art offer a highly effective way to teach about the Young Turk’s genocide of Armenians. The Colour of Pain is an important new volume that lends powerful visual testimony through the artists' perspective. A DVD or website version would be useful to widen the audience reach of this volume.

Alan Whitehorn is author of a number of books on the Armenian Genocide, including Just Poems: Reflections on the Armenian Genocide. He’s a professor of political science at the Royal Military College of Canada.

same person on Monday’s passage of the French Senate resolution criminalizing the denial of the Armenian Genocide. “…One of our great strengths is we do not criminalize speech. People can say nearly anything they choose, and they do, in our country. And so other countries, including close

friends and allies like France, have different standards, different histories, but we are, I hope, never going to go down that path to criminalize speech,”she said. In 2008, during his presidential bid, Clinton pledged that she would recognize the Armenian Genocide as President of the United States.

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ARMENIA

öºîðàô²ð 2012 ¾. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

23

Armenia Sets Sights on Becoming a Post-Soviet Silicon Valley (EurasiaNet)- When Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak went whooshing through the streets of downtown Yerevan on a Segway last month, he got nary a wide-eyed stare. And with Armenia now boasting an official 25percent growth rate in its Information Technologies (IT) sector, that’s how it should be, proud bureaucrats might say. But for all the optimism, industry executives caution that many a speed bump lies on Armenia’s journey to IT fame and fortune. In 2010, Armenia’s IT sector, focused primarily on software exports, shipped out $120-million-worth of information-technology software and services, largely to the United States, Canada, and the European Union, with a sliver to Russia and other former Soviet republics. The sector, which contains some 300 companies, added $200 million to the country’s $9.39-billion economy that year, according to government data. Those figures might appear miniscule compared with the muscle of India, South Korea or Taiwan, but they are significant enough to gain attention from international funders. Armenia and India in November set up a joint Center for Excellence in information Communication Technologies at Yerevan State University; the Armenian capital also contains a Microsoft Innovation Center and a “creative technologies” center for young people, financed by the US-based Simonian Educational Foundation. Addressing fellow members of the ruling Republican Party of Armenia on December 4, President Serzh Sargsyan took the attention in stride. “While other countries are working on the extraction of their natural resources, we have to extract our talents and rely on our brains,” he commented in an apparent jibe at Armenian rival and foe, hydrocarbon-rich Azerbaijan. But don’t look for Yerevan to turn into the next Hyderabad just yet. Although the government made IT an economic priority over

a decade ago, not long after American IT companies run by diaspora Armenians opened shop in newly independent Armenia, company executives complain that excessive taxes and export duties, and an inadequately trained labor pool, remain handicaps. “We’re overloaded with bureaucratic issues and reports [related to income taxes], and taxes are high; meanwhile, we need privileges and support as a newly created and developing industry,” elaborated the director of one newly-opened programming company. IT companies face corporate tax rates of up to 30 percent. The government’s enthusiasm for its budding IT sector only goes so far, agreed another company director. “We demanded that tax and customs privileges be given to us, but we never got them, “complained Hovik Musayelian, the director of Synopsys Armenia, a 1,000-employee-strong company specializing in electronic design automation [and semiconductor-related software. Such issues are particularly important for IT start-ups, he added. “If the IT sector is considered to be a priority branch, then at least tax privileges must be provided, and other benefits should be offered to investors,” asserted information security expert Samvel Martirosian. The Ministry of Economy did not answer EurasiaNet’s query regarding the reason for the refusal to give tax and export tariff benefits to IT companies. Unlike many of their Silicon Valley counterparts, Armenian entrepreneurs, however, often look for a more interventionist role by the government. “One government-run venture capital fund can change the situation completely,” advised Edgar Khachatrian, the president of iCity LLC, a company dealing in business analysis and audit software programs. So far, there appears to be no indication that the government is considering such an option. While Sargsyan has called for IT

Armenian President Serzh Sargsian talks to young computer users in June 2011 at the TUMO Center of Creative Technologies located in the Ajapniak community of Yerevan. As Armenia's IT sector grows, some are asking the government to step in to provide better instruction for future developers and engineers. (Photo: Armenian President Press Service). companies to hold “leading positions in the world market,” the degree of detail with which the government has analyzed Armenia’s IT business is unclear. Asked to identify the source of Armenia’s global IT advantage, the Ministry of Economy named annual IT award ceremonies (the reason for Wozniak’s visit), the two-day Armenian Technology Congress in Silicon Valley, “affordable” rates for Internet access, and, for some reason, Armenia’s e-government portal. No mention was made of tax rates, export tariffs, access to start-up capital, product cost comparisons or local know-how. Nonetheless, the government understands that IT means jobs. With an average monthly salary of 456,000 – 570,000 drams (about $1,200 to $1,500), according to industry sources, Armenia’s IT specialists can earn roughly four to five times more than the official national average. In a country with an unofficial employment rate well into the double digits and a poverty rate estimated at over onequarter of its population of roughly 3 million people, that grabs attention. The Information Technologies Council

attached to Prime Minister Tigran Sarkisian’s office has advised the government to ensure that state-run Armenian universities supply at least 1,000 graduates per year qualified to work in the IT industry, the prime minister told the Republican Party of Armenia seminar on December 4. Currently, the sector employs a mere 5,500 individuals, according to government data. With any increase in the number of qualified university graduates, IT industry executives also look for “serious” investments in higher education to provide students with practical training in IT development, up-to-date equipment in computer labs and lecturers with the experience to encourage entrepreneurialism. For a tiny, relatively poor country trying to make its mark overnight in a ruthlessly cutthroat, ever-changing global market, that might seem like a drop in the bucket. But hope among Armenian IT executives continues on. “We are very ambitious,” explained Synopsys Armenia’s Musayelian. “We want to make a leap in development.”

ATP Joins Effort to Rebuild Spitak by Planting Trees at Playground, Glendale City, and Other Community Sites by Jordan Takvorian Just 100 kilometers northeast of Yerevan is one of Armenia’s most well-known cities. Spitak is the southern gateway to Lori, a sparsely populated but ruggedly beautiful region of Armenia. As early as 1800, migrants from Iran began to settle on the hills of Spitak but it has only officially been a city for the past 75 years. In Soviet times, Spitak was a large industrial city. The city and nearby villages were home to up to 20 factories producing a variety of products from sugar and flour to clothes, cheese, and even elevators. Over 21,000 inhabitants lived in the city. The government enticed many people to move to Spitak to work in the industrial plants or on collective farms by offering free apartments to individuals who moved to the city. The history of Spitak, however, will forever revolve around one day. On December 7, 1988, an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.9 struck the city. The epicenter of the earthquake was a mere 2.5 kilometers away. Various factors contributed to the widespread destruction and loss of life. These include the time of day, freezing winter temperatures, and poorly constructed high rise buildings. Some estimates put the death toll at 4,085 in Spitak, where every building was destroyed. Initially it was illegal to rebuild homes on the same site as the broken buildings so the whole town shifted and new homes were built on farmland. Reconstruction of Spitak has been a long

and painfully slow process that continues to this day, some 23 years after the earthquake. The collapse of the Soviet Union led to the demise of the initial reconstruction efforts and the young republic was too cash strapped to oversee construction on its own. The population of Spitak has not fully recovered although the city continues to grow. Currently, there are 15,500 people living in the city. After the government put reconstruction out to bid, the Glendale Hills construction company won the right to develop new residences for the city. The new housing has been dubbed “Little Glendale” as a tribute to Glendale, California, home to America’s largest Armenian population. In Spitak, 220 private homes have been built including both one and two bedroom homes. Each home is surrounded by 400 sq meters of property that is private and each family can use it as they like. Much of the money for the new development was provided by the Lincy Foundation. Although there is still a lot of work to do, much has already been accomplished. The city has largely been rebuilt. City administrator Vartan Sahakian points out that every new home and office has drinking water, heating, gas, and electricity. Just outside the city, irrigation water is pumped from the Chichkhan River into storage ponds. The ponds serve as swimming pools for the children during the hot summers before the water is eventually used for irrigation. Armenia Tree Project (ATP) has also joined the effort to rebuild the city of Spitak. In

Armenia Tree Project has joined the effort to rebuild the city of Spitak including Glendale City by planting new trees along city streets, in front of homes, and on a playground in the center of town. 2011, ATP specialists toured the city and selected several appropriate tree planting sites. It was decided that the city urgently needed new trees and the community expressed an interest in collaborating with ATP. After several meetings with the city administrators, the urban greening plan was put into action. In spring 2011, a total 465 decorative trees including arborvitae were planted throughout Spitak including in Glendale City. Trees were planted along city streets, in front of homes,

and on a playground in the center of town. In autumn, an additional 1,000 trees were provided to the city. ATP plans to expand its planting activities in Spitak in 2012. “ATP is excited to work in Spitak and Glendale City,” stated ATP Community Tree Planting program monitor Navasard Dadyan. “After we evaluate the success of these initial plantings, we will provide fruit trees to families in Spitak in the coming months.”


2012 24 ¾.öºîðàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

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ñÇùÇ ³ÝÓ»ñÁ ѳϳٿï ÏÁ ¹³ñÓÝ¿ ²É½³ÛÙÁñÇ »õ ö³ñùÇÝëÁÝÇ ÝÙ³Ý ÑÇõ³Ý¹áõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ: Æ ï³ñµ»ñáõÃÇõÝ` ç»ñÙáõÅÇ ë³Ñٳݳ÷³ÏáõÙÁ áõÕ»ÕÁ ÏÁ å³Ñ¿ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹: Æï³É³óÇ áõëáõÙݳëÇñáÕÝ»ñÁ Ç Û³Ûï µ»ñ³Í »Ý, ÿ CREB1 ÙáÉ»ùÇõÉÁ ÏÁ ËóÝáõÇ ç»ñÙáõÅÇ ë³Ñٳݳ÷³ÏáõÙáí, »õ ÿ` ³ÝÇϳ ÏÁ ϳï³ñ¿ ÙÇçÝáñ¹Ç ¹»ñ` ëÝݹ³Ï³ÝáÝÇ µ³ñ»ñ³ñ ³½¹»óáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ÙáÉ»ùÇõÉÝ»ñáõ ³ÛÉ

ËáõÙµÇ ÙÁ ÙÇçáóáí ÷á˳Ýó»Éáí áõÕ»ÕÇÝ: ØáÉ»ùÇõÉÝ»ñáõ ³Ûë ËáõÙµÁ ϒ³éÝãáõÇ »ñϳñ³Ï»óáõû³Ý Ñ»ï: Ú³Ûïݳµ»ñáõÙÁ ÏÁ ѳٳå³ï³ë˳ݿ ³ÛÝ ÇñáÕáõû³Ý, ÿ CREB1 ÙáÉ»ùÇõÉÁ ͳÝûà ¿ ǵñ»õ áõÕ»Õ³ÛÇÝ Ï³ñ»õáñ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë` ÛÇßáÕáõû³Ý, ëáñí»Éáõ »õ í³Ë»ñÁ ѳϳÏßé»Éáõ ϳñáÕáõÃÇõÝÁ ϳñ·³õáñáÕ ÙÇçáó: ²Ûë ÙáÉ»ùÇõÉÇÝ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ Ýáõ³½Ç ϳ٠ϳ½Ù³Ëûë³Ï³Ýûñ¿Ý ÏÁ íï³Ý·áõÇ Í»ñ³Ý³Éáõ Ñ»ï: Iï³É³óÇ áõëáõÙݳëÇñáÕÝ»ñÁ Ýϳï³Í »Ý, ÿ CREB1 ÙáÉ»ùÇõÉÇÝ ·áñÍáõÝ¿áõÃÇõÝÁ ½·³Û³óáõÝó Ï»ñåáí ³õ»Éó³Í ¿ å³ñ½³å¿ë ç»ñÙáõÅÇ ë³Ñٳݳ÷³ÏáõÙáí: ²ÝáÝù ³å³óáõó³Í »Ý, ÿ CREB1 ÙáÉ»ùÇõÉÁ ËÇëï ³ÝÑñ³Å»ßï ¿, áñå¿ë½Ç ç»ñÙáõÅÇ ë³Ñٳݳ÷³ÏáõÙÁ åÇï³ÝÇ ¹³éÝ³Û áõÕ»ÕÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ñ: Æñûù, »ñµ ÙáõÏ»ñáõÝ ùáí µ³ó³Ï³Û ¿ ³Ûë ÙáÉ»ùÇõÉÁ, ³å³ ç»ñÙáõÅÇ ë³Ñٳݳ÷³ÏáõÙÇÝ ¹ñ³Ï³Ý Ý»ñ·áñÍáõÃÇõÝÁ (ÇÝãå¿ë` ÛÇßáÕáõû³Ý µ³ñ»É³õáõÙ), ï»ÕÇ ã’áõݻݳñ: лï»õ³µ³ñ ³ÛÝ ÙáõÏ»ñÁ, áñáÝù ½áõñÏ »Ý CREB1 ÙáÉ»ùÇõÉ¿Ý, ÏÁ ¹ñë»õáñ»Ý áõÕ»Õ³ÛÇÝ ÝáÛÝ ³ÛÝ ³ÝϳñáÕáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ, áñáÝù Û³ïáõÏ »Ý ÛÕ÷³ó³Í ϳ٠ï³ñ»ó ÙáõÏ»ñáõÝ: §Ð»ï»õ³µ³ñ Ù»ñ Û³Ûïݳµ»ñáõÙÝ»ñÁ ³é³çÇÝ ³Ý·³Ù ÁÉɳÉáí ÏÁ µÝáñáß»Ý Ï³ñ»õáñ ¹»ñ³Ï³ï³ñ ÙÁ` áõÕ»ÕÇÝ íñ³Û ëÝݹ³Ï³ÝáÝÇ ³½¹»óáõû³Ý Ù¿ç,- ÏÁ µ³ó³ïñ¿ ö³ÝÇ:- Ú³Ûïݳµ»ñáõÙÁ áõÝÇ Û³ïϳÝß³Ï³Ý ³Ý¹ñ³¹³ñÓÝ»ñ, áñáÝù ÏñÝ³Ý û·Ý»É` ³å³·³ÛÇÝ ëï»ÕÍ»Éáõ ѳٳñ Ù»ñ áõÕ»ÕÁ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹ å³ÑáÕ ÙÇçáóÝ»ñ, áñå¿ë½Ç ϳñ»ÉÇ ÁÉÉ³Û ³é³çùÁ ³éÝ»É áõÕ»ÕÇÝ ù³Ûù³ÛáõÙÇÝ »õ Í»ñ³Ý³Éáõ ·áñÍÁÝóóÇÝ:

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Ù³ñ ³õ»ÉÇ ¹Åáõ³ñ ¿ Çñ»Ýó Ù¿Ï µ³ñ»Ï³ÙáõÑÇÇÝ ËûëÇÉ ÝÇѳñݳÉáõ Ù³ëÇÝ: ì»ñçÇÝ ï³ñÇÝ»ñáõÝ ³éáÕç³å³Ñáõû³Ý Ù³ëݳ·¿ïÝ»ñ Ñ»ï½Ñ»ï¿ ³õ»ÉÇ ÏÁ ËûëÇÝ ³ÝµÝ³Ï³Ý ëáÝùáõû³Ý (obesity) Ù³ëÇÝ, áñ ÑÇÙݳϳÝÇÝ Ù¿ç ëï³ÙáùëÇÝ ßáõñç Ïáõï³Ïáõ³Í ׳ñåÝ ¿ »õ áñ ³éáÕç³Ï³Ý ͳÝñ Ñ»ï»õ³ÝùÝ»ñ áõÝÇ£ ²ÝáÝù ÏÁ Û³ÝÓݳñ³ñ»Ý, ÿ ïÕ³Ù³ñ¹áó Ù¿çùÇÝ É³ÛÝùÁ å¿ïù ¿ 94 ëÙ¿Ý å³Ï³ë ÁÉɳÛ, ÇëÏ ÏÇÝ»ñáõÝ Ù¿çùÇÝ Ø¿çùÇÝ ßáõñç Ïáõï³Ïáõ³Í ׳ñåÁ ϒ³éÝãáõÇ µÝ³ëåÇïÝ»ñáõ (÷ñáÃÇÝ) »õ ·»ÕÓ»ñáõ ³ñï³¹ñáõû³Ý Ñ»ï, ÇÝã áñ Çñ Ý»ñ·áñÍáõÃÇõÝÁ ϒáõÝ»Ý³Û Ù³ñÙÝÇÝ Ù¿ç ׳ñåÇ »õ ß³ù³ñÇ ÝÇõûñÁ ѳɻóÝ»Éáõ íñ³Û: ´ñÇï³ÝÇáÛ Ù¿ç êáÝùáõû³Ý ³½·³ÛÇÝ Ñ³Ù³ËÙµáõÙÇ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõóÇã î¿ÛíÇï гëɳ٠ϒÁë¿. §Â»ñ»õë ù³ÝÇ ÙÁ ùÇÉáÏñ³Ù ÝÇѳñݳÉáõ Ù³ëÇÝ Ù¿ÏáõÝ ËûëÇÉÁ ¹ÇõñÇÝ ã¿: ê³Ï³ÛÝ, »Ã¿ Ó»ñ Ùï»ñÇÙÝ»ñ¿Ý Ù¿ÏÁ áõÝÇ É³ÛÝ Ù¿çù ÙÁ, ³å³ Ýáõñµ Ó»õáí ³Ûë Ù³ëÇÝ ËûëÇÉÁ ÏñÝ³Û û·Ý»É, áñ ³Ý ³å³·³ÛÇÝ Ëáõë³÷Ç ³éáÕç³Ï³Ý Éáõñç íï³Ý·Ý»ñ¿, »õ ÝáÛÝÇëÏ` ÷ñÏ»É ³Ýáñ Ï»³ÝùÁ¦:


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ÐÇÝ Å³Ù³Ý³Ï, ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ïûÝ»ñáõ ³Ù»Ý³áõñ³ËÝ áõ ³Ù»Ý³ï³ñ³Íáõ³ÍÁ` µ³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÝ ¿ñ: ²ÛÝ ÏÁ Û³çáñ¹¿ñ êáõñµ ê³ñ·ÇëÇ ïûÝÇÝ »õ ÏÁ ï»õ¿ñ ÙÇÝã»õ Ø»Í ä³ÑùÇ Ý³Ëûñ¿ÇÝ: ºñÏß³µ³Ã»³Û ³Ûë ïûݳËÙµáõÃÇõÝÁ ϳï³Ïáí Û³×³Ë Ï’³Ýáõ³Ý¿ÇÝ §÷áñ»Ï»Ý¹³Ý¦, áñáíÑ»ï»õ ïûÝÇ ·É˳õáñ Û³ïϳÝÇßÁ` Ï»ñáõËáõÙÝ ¿ñ: ÎÁ å³ïñ³ëïáõ¿ñ ï³ñµ»ñ ï»ë³ÏÇ ×³ß³ï»ë³ÏÝ»ñ »õ ù³Õóñ»Õ¿ÝÝ»ñ, ϒû·ï³·áñÍáõ¿ñ ³é³ï ËÙÇãù, ÇëÏ Ñ³ñµ»óáÕáõÃÇõÝÁ` µÝ³Ï³Ý³µ³ñ Ý»ñ»ÉÇ ¿ñ ³Û¹ ûñ»ñáõÝ: Î³Õ³Ý¹Ç ÝÙ³Ý Ï’³Ûó»É¿ÇÝ Çñ³ñáõ ïáõÝ »õ ÏÁ ßÝáñѳõáñ¿ÇÝ, ÏÁ Ù³ëݳÏó¿ÇÝ ×áË ë»Õ³ÝÝ»ñáõ ËÝ×áÛùÝ»ñáõÝ, ÏÁ ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñå¿ÇÝ Ë³Õ»ñ, »ñ·, å³ñ, Ý»ñϳ۳óáõÙÝ»ñ, »õ³ÛÉÝ...: Ú³ïϳÝß³Ï³Ý ¿ ³ÛÝ ÷³ëïÁ, áñ ËÝ×áõÛùÝ»ñáõÝ »õ ËÙµ³å³ñ»ñáõÝ ÏÁ Ù³ëݳÏó¿ÇÝ Ý³»õ ϳݳÛù. »Ã¿ ³ÛÉ ïûÝ»ñáõÝ ³ÛÝ ËÇëï ϒ³é³ÝÓݳݳñ, ³å³ µ³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÇÝ ÏÁ ïÇñ¿ñ ë»éÇ, ï³ñÇùÇ »õ ˳õÇ Ñ³õ³ë³ñáõÃÇõÝ: ÜáÛÝÇëÏ ÏÕ»ñ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ ³ñïûÝáõ³Í ¿ñ Ù³ëݳÏóÇÉ ³Û¹ áõñ³Ë ˳ջñáõÝ »õ ׳ßÏ»ñáÛÃÝ»ñáõÝ: ´³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÇ ³õ³Ý¹áõÃÇõÝÁ Ïáõ ·³Û ß³ï ÑÇÝ Å³Ù³Ý³ÏÝ»ñ¿Ý. ³ÝáõÝÁ ëïáõ·³µ³Ý»Éáí (µ³ñ» = µ³ñÇ, ϻݹ³Ý= ϻݹ³ÝáõÃÇõÝ) ϳñ»ÉÇ ¿ »½ñ³Ï³óÝ»É, áñ ³ÛÝ Ï³å áõÝÇ µÝáõû³Ý ½³ñÃûÝùÇ, µ»ñùÇ - µ³ñÇùÇ Ñ»ï: ²Ûë ÇÙ³ëïáí µ³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÁ µ³½Ù³ÃÇõ ÍÇë³Ï³Ý å³ßï³ÙáõÝù³ÛÇÝ ï³ññ»ñ áõÝÇ, áñáÝù Ùݳó³Í »Ý ˳ջñáõ Ó»õáí. ³Ûëå¿ë ûñÇݳÏ, ˳ջñáõ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ëáõïÙ»éáõÏ Ó»õ³Ý³É, Û»ïáÛ` Û³éÝÇÉ. ³Ûë ³ÝÙÇç³Ï³Ý ϳå áõÝÇ Ù»éÝáÕ »õ Û³éÝáÕ µÝáõû³Ý å³ßï³ÙáõÝùÇ Ñ»ï: ÊÙµ³å³ñ»ñáõ ÁÝóóùÇÝ, å³ñ³·ÉáõËÁ ϒ»ñ·¿ ËáõÙµÇÝ Ù³ëݳÏÇó ëÇñ³Ñ³ñÝ»ñáõ ·áíùÁ. ë³ Çõñ³Û³ïáõÏ ·áõß³Ïáõû³Ý Ó»õ ¿, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ëÇñáÛ, ³ÙáõëÝáõû³Ý »õ åïÕ³µ»ñáõû³Ý Í¿ë: ²ÝѳïÁ, áñå¿ë µÝáõû³Ý Ù¿Ï Ù³ëÝÇÏÁ, å³ñï³õáñ ¿ñ

Ù³ëݳÏóÇÉ Ñ³õ³ù³Ï³Ý ³Õ»ñëÇÝ` µÝáõû³Ý µ»ÕÙݳõáñÙ³Ý »õ ³ñ·³ë³õáñÙ³Ý Ñ³Ù³ñ: ²Ûëûñ »õë, г۳ëï³ÝÇ Ù¿ç ëáíáñáõÃÇõÝ Ï³Û î»³éÁݹ³é³çÇ ïûÝÇÝ, áñÁ ÝáÛÝ ûñ»ñáõÝ ÏÁ ½áõ·³¹ÇåÇ, ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñå»É ѳñë³ÝÇùÝ»ñ: ´³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÇ ïûÝÇ ËáñÑáõñ¹Ý»ñ¿Ý Ù¿ÏÝ ³É µ³ñáõ »õ ã³ñÇ å³Ûù³ñÁ ÏÁ ËáñÑñ¹³Ýß¿: ʳջñáõ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ÏÁ ͳÕñáõÇ Ñ³Ù³ÛÝùÇ ³Ý³ñ¹³ñ ٻͳõáñÝ»ñÁ, ¹³ï³ëï³Ý ϒÁÝ»Ý »õ ÏÁ å³ïÅ»Ý. Çñ³Ï³Ý Ï»³ÝùÇ Ù¿ç ãÏñó³ÍÁ` ϳñ»ÉÇ ¿ñ ϳï³ñ»É µ³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÇ ûñ»ñáõÝ, ˳ջñáõ Áݹٿç¿Ý: ´³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÇ ûñ»ñáõ ³Ù»Ý³µÝáñáßÁ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ, Ï»ñ³ÏáõñÝ»ñáõ ³é³ïáõÃÇõÝÁ »õ ³Ûɳ½³ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ ¿: ²Ýå³ÛÙ³Ý Çõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñ ÁÝï³ÝÇù, ÝÇõÃ³Ï³Ý Çñ Ñݳñ³õáñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ã³÷áí, ÏÁ Ùáñÿñ Ïáí, ³ÛÍ Ï³Ù áã˳ñ, ݳ»õ ѳõ, Ñݹϳѳõ: êáíáñ³Ï³Ý ûñ»ñáõÝ ·ÇõÕ³óÇÝ Ñ³½áõ³¹¿å ÏÁ Ùáñÿñ ï³Ý ³Ý³ëáõÝÁ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ µ³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÇ ³õ³Ý¹áõû³Ý ³ñÙ³ïÝ»ñáõ Ù¿ç ݳ»õ Ï³Û ½áѳµ»ñáõû³Ý ·³Õ³÷³ñÁ. Û³ÝáõÝ Û³çáÕ³Ï »ñÏñ³·áñÍ³Ï³Ý ï³ñ»ëÏǽµÇ, Ù³ï³Õáí ëÇñ³ß³Ñ³Í »Ý ³ëïáõ³ÍÝ»ñáõÝ »õ Ëݹñ³Í µ»ñùÇ ³é³ïáõÃÇõÝ: ڻﳷ³Û ûñ»ñáõ Ï»ñáõËáõÙÝ áõ Ëñ³Ë׳ÝùÝ»ñÝ ³É ³ëïáõ³ÍÝ»ñáõÝ ÝáõÇñáõ³Í ßù³Ñ³Ý¹¿ëÝ»ñáõ ÙݳóáõÏÝ»ñÝ »Ý: ÚÇß³ï³Ï»Ýù ݳ»õ ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ·ÇõÕ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç µ³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÇ Ë³Õ»ñáõ »õ ¹Çٳϳѳݹ¿ëÝ»ñáõ ëáíáñáõÃÇõÝÁ, »ñµ å³ï³ÝÇÝ»ñÁ ¹éÝ¿ ¹áõé ßñç»Éáí ÏÁ ½áõ³ñ׳ݳÛÇÝ: ²÷ëáë³Ýùáí åÇïÇ Ýß»É, áñ Ùáéóáõ³Í ¿ ³Û¹ ·»Õ»óÇÏ ³õ³Ý¹áõÃÇõÝÁ, ÙdzÛÝ ¹åñáóÝ»ñáõ Ù¿ç ÏÁ ÛÇßáõÇ Ï³Ù ÏÁ ïûÝáõÇ, ÙÇÝã¹»é ûñÇݳÏ, ì»Ý»ïÇÏÇ Ù¿ç ³ÛÝ ³½·³ÛÇÝ ÷³é³ïûÝÇ í»ñ³Íáõ³Í ¿: ´³ñ»Ï»Ý¹³ÝÇ ë»Õ³ÝÇÝ Û³ïáõÏ ¿ §ö³ÃÇÉɳ¦ ÏáãáõáÕ ËÙáñ»Õ¿ÝÁ:

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ʳéÝ»É ù³ó³ËÁ, Ó¿ÃÁ, çáõñÝ áõ ³Õ »õ ß³Õ»É ËÙáñÁ: ì»ñ³Í»É ÁÝÏáÛ½Ç ã³÷áí ·Ý¹³ÏÝ»ñáõ: ä³ÝÇñÁ ù»ñ»É »õ Áëï ó³ÝÏáõû³Ý Ñ³Ù»Ù»É åÕå»Õáí »õ ÍÇÃñáÝáí: Æõñ³ù³ÝãÇõñ ËÙáñ µ³Ý³É, Ù¿çÁ ¹Ý»É å³ÝÇñ, ÷³Ï»É »õ ï³å³Ï»É. ϳ٠³É »÷»É ÷áõéÇ Ù¿ç »õ Ù³ïáõó»Éáõó Ñ»ïÁ ÇõÕ ³é³ç³ñÏ»É: * Ðáñ³Í å³ÝÇñÇ ÷á˳ñ¿Ý ÝáÛÝ µ³Õ³¹ñ³ïáÙëÁ ϳñáÕ ¿ù å³ïñ³ëï»É Ë³ß³Í »õ ûÉ-Ã»É »Õ³Í ÙÇëÁ ëá˳ñ³Í ÁÝ»Éáí:

25

êáõñ×Á »õ ØáñÃÇ ø³ÕóÏ»ÕÁ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ Ù¿ç ϳï³ñáõ³Í áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ ïáõ³Í ¿, ÿ ëáõñ×Á ÏñÝ³Û Ýáõ³½»óÝ»É ÙáñÃÇ ù³ÕóÏ»ÕÇ Û³é³ç³óÙ³Ý íï³Ý·Á` Ýå³ëï»Éáí áãÝã³óÙ³Ý ·áñÍÁÝóóÇÝ ù³ÕóÏ»ÕÇ í»ñ³Íáõ³Í µçÇçÝ»ñáõÝ, áñáÝù ³Ûɳå¿ë ÏñÝ³Ý áõé»ñáõ í»ñ³ÍáõÇÉ: Àëï áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõû³Ý, ã³÷³õáñ ëáõñ×Á ÏñÝ³Û Ýå³ëï»É ÙáñÃÇ ù³ÕóÏ»ÕÇ ï³ñ³Íáõ³Í ï»ë³ÏÇÝ ¹³ñÙ³ÝáõÙÇÝ: ܳ˳å¿ë ÷³ëïáõ³Í ¿ñ, ÿ ûñ³Ï³Ý Ù¿Ï ·³õ³Ã ëáõñ×Á ÏñÝ³Û ³½¹»É ù³Õóϻտ Û³é³ç³ó³Í µÝ³ËÙáñÇÝ ³ñï³¹ñáõû³Ý ϳë»óÙ³Ý íñ³Û »õ Ýå³ëï»É ³Ý¹ñÙ³ÝÇ߳ϳ·áÛÝ ×³é³·³ÛÃÝ»ñ¿Ý íݳëáõ³Í µçÇçÝ»ñáõÝ áãÝã³óÙ³Ý: àõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÁ ·É˳õáñáÕ Ù³ëݳ·¿ï ²É»Ý øáÝ¿Û Û³ÛïÝ³Í ¿, ÿ ëáõñ×ÇÝ å³ñáõÝ³Ï³Í ù³ý¿ÇÝÁ Ïñó³Í ¿ ϳë»óÝ»É í»ñáÝß»³É µÝ³ËÙáñÇÝ ³ñï³¹ñáõÃÇõÝÁ »õ, ³Û¹åÇëáí, ¹³Ý¹³Õ»óáõó³Í ¿ ù³ÕóÏ»ÕÇ í»ñ³Íáõ³Í ÙáñÃÇ µçÇçÝ»ñáõÝ µ³½Ù³å³ïÏáõ»Éáõ ·áñÍÁÝóóÁ:

سëݳ·¿ïÝ»ñÁ Ñ»ï³Ùáõï »Ý ù³ý¿ÇÝÁ Ý»ñ³é»Éáõ ³ñ»õáõÝ íݳë³Ï³ñ ׳鳷³ÛÃÝ»ñ¿Ý å³ßïå³ÝáÕ ë»ñ»ñáõÝ (cream) Ù¿ç` ÝϳïÇ áõݻݳÉáí, áñ ³ÝÇϳ áõÕÕ³ÏÇûñ¿Ý ÏÁ Ý»ñÍÍ¿ Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÇÝ Ù³ñÙÝÇÝ íݳë³Ï³ñ ³Ý¹ñÙ³ÝÇ߳ϳ·áÛÝ ×³é³·³ÛÃÝ»ñÁ: ܳ˳å¿ë ϳï³ñáõ³Í áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ óáÛó ïáõ³Í »Ý, ÿ ëáõñ× ËÙáÕ Ù³ñ¹áó Ùûï Ýáõ³½ »Õ³Í ¿ ÏáõñÍùÇ áõ ³ñ·³Ý¹Ç, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ß³·³Ý³Ï³·»ÕÓÇ áõ ³ÕÇùÝ»ñáõ ù³ÕóÏ»ÕÝ»ñÁ, ù³Ý` ³é³Ýó ù³ý¿ÇÝÇ ëáõñ× ËÙáÕ Ù³ñ¹áó Ùûï:

Ú³×³Ë Üñµ»ñßÇÏÝ»ñ àõï»ÉÁ ÎñÝ³Û ºÝóëï³Ùáùë³ÛÇÝ ¶»ÕÓÇ ø³ÕóÏ»Õ ä³ï׳é»É Þáõ¿ï³óÇ ·ÇïݳϳÝÝ»ñÁ »Ï³Í »Ý ³ÛÝ »½ñ³Ï³óáõû³Ý, áñ ׳ñï³ñ³·Çï³Ï³Ý í»ñ³Ùß³ÏÙ³Ý »ÝóñÏáõ³Í ÙÇëÁ, ÇÝãå¿ë` Ýñµ»ñßÇÏÝ»ñÁ(hot dogs), ÏñÝ³Ý »Ýóëï³Ùáùë³ÛÇÝ ·»ÕÓÇ ù³ÕóÏ»Õ Û³é³ç³óÝ»É: ÆÝãå¿ë ÏÁ ѳÕáñ¹¿ µñÇï³Ý³Ï³Ý BBC-Ç British Journal of Cancer ³Ùë³·ÇñÇÝ Ù¿ç Ññ³å³ñ³Ïáõ³Í áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõû³Ý Ù¿ç ÏÁ ÝßáõÇ, áñ Ù¿Ï Ýñµ»ñßÇÏÇ Ï³Ù »ñßÇÏÇ »ñÏáõ ÏïáñÇ ûñ³Ï³Ý û·ï³·áñÍáõÙÁ 19%áí ÏÁ Ù»ÍóÝ¿ »Ýóëï³Ùáùë³ÛÇÝ ·»ÕÓÇ ù³ÕóÏ»Õáí ÑÇõ³Ý¹³Ý³Éáõ ѳõ³Ý³Ï³-ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ³ÛÝ Ù³ñ¹áó ѳٻٳï, áñáÝù ÁݹѳÝñ³å¿ë ÝÙ³Ý ÙÇë ã»Ý û·ï³·áñÍ»ñ: ܳ˳å¿ë ·ÇïݳϳÝÝ»ñÁ

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Ï³å ·ï³Í ¿ÇÝ Ý³»õ ÝÙ³Ý ÙÇëÇ »õ ³ÕÇù³ÛÇÝ ù³ÕóÏ»ÕÇ ÙÇç»õ: ø³ÕóÏ»ÕÇ Ñ»ï³½ûïÙ³Ý Ñ³Ù³ß˳ñѳÛÇÝ ÑÇÙݳ¹ñ³Ù¿Ý ÏÁ Û³ÛïÝ»Ý, áñ ³é³õ»É ³Ùáõñ ¿ ³Û¹ ÑÇõ³Ý¹áõû³Ý Û³é³ç³óÙ³Ý »õ Í˳ËáïÇ Ï³Ù ×³ñå³Ï³ÉÙ³Ý ÙÇç»õ ϳåÁ:

35 ï³ñáõ³Ý ½³ñ¹³ë»ÕÇÝ ³ñųݳó³õª ²Ý³ÑÇï ܳѳå»ï»³Ý, Ó»é³Ùµª ܳÛÇñÇ Þ³ÑÇÝ»³ÝÇ £ 25 ï³ñáõ³Ý ½³ñ¹³ë»ÕÇÝ ³ñųݳó³Ý` Ú³ëÙÇÏ ´³µÇ뻳ݫ èÇÙ³ öûÉ öÇÃÁñ« ÈÇïdz ê³åáõÝ×»³Ý« ä³Ûͳé ÂÇÃǽ»³Ý »õ êûëÇ ÂÇÃǽ»³Ý, Ó»é³Ùµª Æñ¿Ý ÂÇÉÇÙÇÇ£ гݹÇëáõÃÇõÝÁ í»ñç ·ï³õ Ø»ÕñÇÏ Ì. ìñ¹. ´³ñÇù»³Ý ëñïÇ Ëûëùáí£ Ð³Ûñ êáõñµÁ Ý³Ë ßÝáñѳõáñ»ó ½³ñ¹³ë»Õ ëï³óáÕ ÐúØáõÑÇÝ»ñÁ »õ Ýáñ³·ñ»³ÉÝ»ñÁ »õ ·Ý³Ñ³ï»ó ³Ý¹³ÙÝ»ñáõÝ ³Ý߳ѳËݹÇñ »õ ³ÝËáÝç ³ß˳ï³ÝùÁ« ³å³ î¿ñáõÝ³Ï³Ý ³ÕûÃùáí ÷³Ï»ó ѳݹÇëáõÃÇõÝÁ£ Ò»éݳñÏÇ ³õ³ñïÇÝ« ï»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³õ ×áË »õ µ³ó³éÇÏ ÑÇõñ³ëÇñáõÃÇõÝ£ γñϳݹ³ÏÇ Ñ³ïáõÙÁ ϳï³ñ»óÇÝ »ñ¿ó ³Ý¹³Ùª ²ñ³ùëÇ ä³åáõ×»³Ý »õ »ñÇï³ë³ñ¹ ³Ý¹³Ùª ä»ÃÇ ²ëɳݻ³Ý£ î»ÕÇ áõÝ»ó³õ ÙáÙ³í³éáõÃÇõÝ« »õ ÝáõÇñ³ïáõáõÃÇõÝÁ£


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Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ í»ñ³Ýáñá·áõ³Í »õ ³ñ¹Ç³Ï³Ý ׳߳ñ³ÝÁ »õ ëñ³ÑÝ»ñÁ Û³ñÙ³ñ³·áÛÝ í³ÛñÁ Ó»ñ

ÀÜî²ÜºÎ²Ü вô²øàÚÂܺðàô ºô Êð²ÊÖ²Üøܺðàô

àõÝÇÝù Û³ñÙ³ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ëå³ë³ñÏ»Éáõ ÷áùñ³ÃÇõ ÁÝï³Ý»Ï³Ý »õ ϳ٠µ³½Ù³Ù³ñ¹ ѳõ³ùáÛÃÝ»ñ ϳ٠ѳñë³ÝÇùÝ»ñ ÙÇÝã»õ 550 ÑÇõñ»ñáõ ѳëÝáÕ ½³Ý³½³Ý Ó»éݳñÏÝ»ñ, µ³½Ù³½³Ý ׳߳ï»ë³ÏÝ»ñáí: ΰÁݹáõÝÇÝù ݳ»õ ׳߻ñáõ ³åëåñ³ÝùÝ»ñ:

êñ³ÑÝ»ñáõ ³å³ÑáíÙ³Ý »õ ·ÇÝ»ñáõ ѳٳñ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»É Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝ` 416-491-2900

Business Opportunity Ð³Û Ï»¹ñáÝÇ ëñ³ÑÝ»ñÁ ïñ³Ù³¹ñ»ÉÇ »Ý ÷áñÓ³éáõ Ù³ï³Ï³ñ³ñ ³ÝѳïÇ »õ ϳ٠ÁÝÏ»ñáõû³Ý ÙÁ áñÁ Û³ÝÓÝ Ïþ³éÝ¿ Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ ëñ³ÑÝ»ñáõ »õ ׳߳ñ³ÝÇ Ù³ï³Ï³ñ³ñÙ³Ý ·áñͳñ³ñáõÃÇõÝÁ (business) »ùݳÍáõÝ»ñÁ Ù³Ýñ³Ù³ëÝáõû³Ý ѳٳñ ÏñÝ³Ý ¹ÇÙ»É Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ ïÝûñ¿Ýáõû³Ý 416-491-2900 ACC is looking for tenders to lease banquet hall, cafeteria as well as the catering operation. Interested parties please contact ACC management at 416-491-2900

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ANNOUNCEMENT

The Armenian Community Centre signed a sponsorship agreement with the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration to help sponsor refugees to Immigrate to Canada. For additional information please contact Lorig Katerjian at (647) 857-8972 or e-mail info-acc-sah@armenian.ca

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RENOVATE IMPROVE CHANGE Parseh Margarosyan

Ú²Úî²ð²ðàôÂÆôÜ ACC-SAH Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÁ ÏÝù³Í ¿ ѳٳӳÛݳ·Çñ ÙÁ ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ ø³Õ³ù³óÇáõû³Ý »õ

Ü»ñ·³ÕÃÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñáõû³Ý Ñ»ï: ²ÝáÝù« áñáÝù ϒáõ½»Ý û·Ý»É Çñ»Ýó ѳñ³½³ïÝ»ñáõÝ« áñáÝù Æñ³ù¿Ý ¹áõñë »Ý »õ ·³Õóϳݫ ÏñÝ³Ý ¹ÇÙ»É ÈáñÇÏ ¶³ÃÁñ×»³ÝÇݪ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»Éáí 647-857-8972 »õ ϳ٠e-mail-áí info-acc-sah@armenian.ca

60 Deerbrook Trl., Toronto Direct: 647-224-6668 Res.: 416-491-6668 parma@sympatico.ca

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Torontohye Newspaper Publisher Torontohye communications Inc. 45 Hallcrown Place Willowdale, ON M2J 4Y4 Email:torontohye@gmail.com Phone: (416) 491- 2900 ext. 3 Fax: (416) 491- 2211

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ì³ñã³Ï³Ý ä³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ÚáíÇÏ ê³ñ·Çë»³Ý Ð»é.ª 647-890-0762

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sales.torontohye@gmail.com

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ê»õ³Ï Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ»³Ý лé.ª 416-878-0746

Editor

Karin Saghdejian

Administrator

Hovig Sarkissian (647-890-0762)

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Sevag Haroutunian (416- 878-0746)

Design & Graphics: Ara Ter Haroutunian


öºîðàô²ð 2012 ¾. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76

27


2012 28 ¾.öºîðàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 76


TorontoHye Newspaper Volume 7, #5-76 - February 2012  

TorontoHye Newspaper, the largest Armenian community newspaper in the Greater Toronto Area, which distributes to more than 3,000 households...

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