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ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³ÛáõÃÇõÝÁ Üß»ó ºÕ»éÝÇ 96-ñ¹ ²Ù»³ÏÁ ø³Õ³ù³Ï³Ý Ø»Í Ò»éݳñÏáí

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Volume 6, No. 8 (67), May 2011 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper

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Alexan

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Kalemkerian Sales Representative

Bus: 416-499-4994 Fax: 416-756-1067 Cell: 416-473-9304

akalemkerian@trebnet.com 32 Tidefall Drive, Scarborough, ON M1W 1J2

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Jack Kakousian

Armen Krikorian

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416-997-2231 www.jackkakousian.com

Sales Representative

EXPERTS INC., BROKERAGE Independently Owned & Operated

Office: 416-444-7755

MULTIPLE LISTING SERVICE

416-885-8345 www.armenhomes.com

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RBC Royal Bank

Khoren Mardoyan Mobile Mortgage Specialist Royal Bank of Canada Tel: 647-980-9449 Fax: 416-289-0352

When it come’s to your mortgage, it is important to make sure you get the home you really want with flexible financing solutions that are right for you.

khoren.mardoyan@rbc.com mortgage.rbc.com/khoren.mardoyan

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2011 ARMENIAN GENOCIDE 20¼.زÚÆê î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 67 Obama Again Betrays Promise to Recognize The Armenian Genocide

President Barrack Obama

President Barack Obama again betrayed his pledge to properly condemn and commemorate this crime against humanity, reported the Armenian National Committee of America. Despite his repeated, detailed, and unambiguous pledges to recognize the Armenian Genocide, the President offered only euphemisms and evasive terminology to describe the murder of over 1.5 million men women and children – effectively keeping in place the gag rule imposed by the Turkish government on the open and honest discussion

of this crime. In refusing, under foreign pressure from Turkey, to his honor his pledge, he again fell far short of his own view, as voiced during his campaign, that America deserves a President who uses the term “genocide” to convey the full factual, moral, legal, and contemporary political meaning of this crime against all humanity. “President Obama’s disgraceful capitulation to Turkey’s threats, his complicity in Turkey’s denials, and his Administration’s active opposition to Congressional recognition of the Armenian Genocide represent the very opposite of the principled and honest change he promised to bring to our country’s response to this crime,” said ANCA Chairman Ken Hachikian. “Instead of standing up for the truth, and standing by the extensive U.S. record on the Armenian Genocide, President Obama is today, under threat from an increasingly unfriendly foreign power, standing in the way of the broadbased American civil society consensus for a truthful and just resolution of this crime,” added Hachikian. “For a President who ran for office on the platform of ‘change’ and ‘honesty’, his record on this score – including, notably, his deeply offensive reference today to ‘contested history,’ has been shameful. He has, in addition to betraying his own words and compromising America’s moral standing, gravely disappointed Armenians here in the United States, in Armenia, and around the world who had looked to him as an example of courage, conviction, and conscience,” continued Hachikian

As a Senator and later as a Presidential candidate, President Obama pledged repeatedly to recognize the Armenian Genocide, stating, “America deserves a leader who speaks truthfully about the Armenian Genocide and responds forcefully to all genocides. I intend to be that President.” Since then the President has, while asserting that his personal views of the events of 1915 have not changed, refused to officially recognize the Armenian Genocide, mobilized his Administration to block Congressional recognition of this crime, and deployed his Secretary of State and diplomatic corps to pressure Armenia into the Ankara-driven Turkey-Armenia Protocols. The Administration has also failed to honor the President’s numerous commitments on a range of other Armenian issues, including Nagorno Karabakh, foreign aid, and bilateral trade.

Statement by the President on Armenian Remembrance Day

We solemnly remember the horrific events that took place ninety-six years ago, resulting in one of the worst atrocities of the 20th century. In 1915, 1.5 million Armenians were massacred or marched to their death in the final days of the Ottoman Empire. I have consistently stated my own view of what occurred in 1915, and my view of that history has not changed. A full, frank, and just acknowledgement of the facts is in all our interests. Contested history destabilizes the present and stains the memory of those whose lives were taken, while reckoning with the past lays

Mr. President, Armenian-Americans Reject Your Offensive Word Games on Genocide

by Harut Sassounian Despite Armenian-Americans’ persistent admonishment of Pres. Obama to refrain from substituting "Meds Yeghern" (Great Calamity) for the Armenian Genocide in his annual April 24 statement, he has continued to do so for three years in a row. Apparently, henchmen of the denialist Turkish regime and their American cohorts have been able to compel the President of the United States to avoid any reference to the "genocide" or “tseghasbanoutyoun” -- its Armenian equivalent. Otherwise, why would the President of the United States address the American public in a foreign language known only to a few? Armenian substitute words such as “Meds Yeghern” are simply meant to fool some gullible Armenian-Americans. This is a cheap trick that is beneath the dignity of the Presidency! Over the past three years, rather than mending his ways and discontinuing the use of “Meds Yeghern,” Pres. Obama has done the exact opposite. Incredibly, he is using that term in this year’s April 24 statement not once, not twice, but three times! The President shamefully continues the silly and offensive word games of his predecessors -- whom he had severely criticized -- reducing genocide to “horrific events,” “atrocities,” “massacres,” and “devastating events.” Earlier this month, Pres. Obama declared

his candidacy for reelection and asked Americans to reelect him for another four more years. In my view, anyone who so blatantly breaks his promises on both Armenian and non-Armenian issues, including acknowledgment of the genocide, does not deserve to be reelected. It is hard to imagine that any self-respecting Armenian would vote for him again. To show how offended they are by Pres. Obama’s broken promises, over a thousand Armenian-Americans held a spirited protest at Sony Studios in Culver City, at the site of his major fundraiser on the eve of April 24. Their anguished message was carried far and wide by the assembled local, national and international media. Just about every news outlet highlighted the protesters’ mistrust of Pres. Obama, casting a shadow on the celebratory atmosphere of the hiss reelection campaign. Helping to amplify the protesters’ message was vocalist Serj Tankian of the System of a Down whose presence and fiery remarks electrified the crowd, attracting considerable media attention. Another major boost for the demonstration came from TV celebrity Kim Kardashian who sent a twitter message to her 7.2 million fans around the world, along with a link to her blog: “Today, thousands of Armenians will come together in Los Angeles to protest against the

denial of the genocide and urge the United States government to recognize the Armenian Genocide. I hope that I can bring some attention to this today.” During my recent appearances on ABC-TV and FOX-TV, I explained that the purpose of the protest was not to beg Pres. Obama to use the word genocide. It was rather to let him and other politicians know that Armenian-Americans would no longer remain silent when an elected official makes lavish campaign promises to get their votes and money, only to ignore them after the election. These officials should be made to pay a political price for their hypocrisy. To make democracy work, citizens should ensure that dishonest politicians are not reelected. It is bad enough to be fooled once; but allowing ourselves to be fooled twice is truly unforgivable! Using the Culver City rally as a precedent, Armenian-Americans throughout the United States should hold protests at every campaign appearance of Pres. Obama in the next 18 months! Furthermore, Armenians do not really need Pres. Obama to repeat what Pres. Reagan stated 30 years ago by referring to the Armenian Genocide in his Presidential Proclamation of April 22, 1981. By breaking his campaign pledge, Pres. Obama compromises his moral and political standing as the leader of the free world! Let us not forget two other major culprits in this deplorable affair! Where is Vice President Joe Biden hiding these days? Does he recall that he delivered dozens of strongly-worded speeches on the Armenian Genocide during his long years in the Senate and as presidential candidate? What about Hillary Clinton? How quickly did she transform herself from a champion of genocide recognition as Senator and presidential candidate, into a Secretary of State who hides from the media while placing a “personal” wreath at the Genocide Monument in Yerevan, and lobbies Congressmen to vote against a genocide resolution? The 2012 elections present an ideal opportunity to settle scores with all those who have betrayed the trust of the ArmenianAmerican community.

a sturdy foundation for a peaceful and prosperous shared future. History teaches us that our nations are stronger and our cause is more just when we appropriately recognize painful pasts and work to rebuild bridges of understanding toward a better tomorrow. The United States knows this lesson well from the dark chapters in our own history. I support the courageous steps taken by individuals in Armenia and Turkey to foster a dialogue that acknowledges their common history. As we commemorate the Meds Yeghern and pay tribute to the memories of those who perished, we also recommit ourselves to ensuring that devastating events like these are never repeated. This is a contemporary cause that thousands of Armenian-Americans have made their own. The legacy of the Armenian people is one of resiliency, determination, and triumph over those who sought to destroy them. The United States has deeply benefited from the significant contributions to our nation by Armenian Americans, many of whom are descended from the survivors of the Meds Yeghern. Americans of Armenian descent have strengthened our society and our communities with their rich culture and traditions. The spirit of the Armenian people in the face of this tragic history serves as an inspiration for all those who seek a more peaceful and just world. Our hearts and prayers are with Armenians everywhere as we recall the horrors of the Meds Yeghern, honor the memories of those who suffered, and pledge our friendship and deep respect for the people of Armenia.

Canada’s Prime Minister Issues Statement on the Armenian Genocide

Prime Minister Stephen Harper

On April 23, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper issued the following statement on the commemoration of the Armenian genocide: “I would like to extend my sincere greetings to all of those marking this somber anniversary of the Medz Yeghern. “Ninety-six years ago, the Armenian people experienced terrible suffering and loss of life. In recent years, the Senate of Canada adopted a motion acknowledging this period as ‘the first genocide of the twentieth century,’ while the House of Commons adopted a motion that ‘acknowledges the Armenian genocide of 1915 and condemns this act as a crime against humanity.’ I and my party supported those resolutions, and continue to recognize them today. “We must never forget the lessons of history. Nor should we allow the enmities of history to divide us. The freedom, democracy and human rights enjoyed by all Canadians are rooted in our mutual respect for one another. “I join with you today in remembering the past, while I encourage you to continue honoring your forefathers by building a bright future for all in Canada.”


ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

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Genocide Memorials: Symbolism, Ritual Use, and Meaning

by Jean Murachanian

This year, April 24 falls on Easter Sunday, a coincidence that is symbolically significant, at once tragic and hopeful. Naturally, the confluence also presents scheduling difficulties for many members of the Armenian community. In recognition of that fact, the commemoration program at the Genocide memorial in Montebello, California, for example, will take place the day before, on April 23rd. Such mundane conflicts, however, also offer opportunities for addressing their symbolic significance. As Bishop Anushavan Zhamkochyan, Dean of Theology in the Faculty of Yerevan State University, suggested recently about the convergence of sacred days, while encouraging acknowledgment of the dual significance of April 24, “We should first pay tribute to the memory of the innocent victims of the Genocide and then pray for the Resurrection. There is something symbolic in this coincidence. And the existence of the Armenian people symbolizes Resurrection itself. We proved that people can revive themselves after a massacre and become even stronger.” The convergence of the two commemorations suggests several questions, particularly with regard to expressions of Armenian identity: Is remembrance of the Genocide made more meaningful at a monument? Is participation in a memorial event more about asserting Armenian identity, particularly given its precarious nature in the Diaspora, or is it more about demanding recognition from the Turkish state? How does the meaning of commemoration change, if at all, across different monuments in the Diaspora and in the homeland? In an effort to answer these questions, I consider the history and significance of five key Genocide memorials in different parts of the world. What follows is a preliminary look at those Genocide memorials, chosen based on importance and visual innovation, with a focus on architectural symbolism, ritual use, location, and inscriptions. Before discussing some of the memorials, I would like to first consider their history. It is important to recognize, in particular, that these public monuments were erected after the 50th anniversary of the Genocide. Prior to 1965, commemoration of the Genocide was maintained within the Armenian community. Between the world wars, the scattered survivors were preoccupied with making new lives for themselves in the aftermath

The memorial in Bikfaya, Lebanon

of trauma. Hesitant to attract negative attention in their new host countries and lacking political acumen, they privately honored their dead in austere ceremonies. By the Second World War, the Armenian Genocide had become the “forgotten genocide” due to persistent Turkish denial and the shocking magnitude of the Holocaust. It was not until 1965, in an era of political protests by civil rights groups and feminists that Armenians began to assert themselves. By this time, Armenians had sufficiently established themselves in their new countries of residence and realized that recognition was critical to Armenian history, identity, and healing. Their efforts were enhanced beginning in the 1980s, with the involvement of the second and third generations, who because of their distance from the Genocide

1921, and to men of all nations who have fallen victim to crimes against humanity.” As with other Genocide monuments, this one expands its memorializing function by identifying the perpetrators of the act, as a prelude to recognition. Evidence of its effectiveness is close at hand. On April 1 of this year the State of California erected a sign on the 60 freeway directing travelers to the “Armenian Genocide Martyrs Monument,” the first time the words “Armenian Genocide” have been utilized on public land in the United States. Another monument on public land but erected much more recently is the khachkar memorial in Sydney, Australia, dedicated March 5th, 1999. It is located in a garden area on the ninth floor of the New South Wales

The underground Memorial, Der Zor.

and keen understanding of political processes were able to advance the cause. There are now hundreds of Genocide memorials throughout the world, many on public lands with inscriptions declaring government recognition at various levels. In Montebello, California a tall, slender, abstract memorial was dedicated on April 24th, 1965 in a public park. The monument resembles the rising crown found in Armenian Church architecture. While the simplicity and modernity of the design is fitting for a metropolitan city like Los Angeles, it is also indicative of restrictions on literal religious references on public sites. The location of the site also looks back to its founding. Although most Armenians in Los Angeles now live in Glendale, Hollywood, or the San Fernando Valley, from the late 1950s to the early 1970s the city of Montebello was a thriving center of Armenian civic and cultural life. Now, each April 24th Armenians from all over Los Angeles visit the monument. Many in the community include it in a list of sites they visit that day, such as the Turkish Consulate, Little Armenia, the Glendale Civic Center, and Armenian churches and schools. The various activities, which include commemoration ceremonies, speeches, marches and rallies, also often attract congressmen and other important political figures. Recognition by the Turkish state and United States government are key goals. As visitors to the site told me in interviews, the monument serves as an important gathering place for Armenians as well as a powerful reminder to the rest of the world of the events of April 24th. The monument’s memorializing function is clearly depicted in the inscription, which reads: “This monument, erected by Americans of Armenian descent is dedicated to the 1,500,000 Armenian victims of the Genocide perpetrated by the Turkish Government 1915-

(NSW) Parliament. The intricately carved red khachkar, imported from Armenia, is set in Sydney sandstone above a mounted brass plaque that contains the full text of the Armenian Genocide Commemorative motion passed unanimously in the NSW Parliament on April 17, 1997. The placement of the memorial and its inscription together attest to the Australian government’s acknowledgement of the Genocide.

place of burial but rather create new sites for mourning and remembering. The one exception is the church complex memorial at Der Zor, Syria, whose significance lies in its identity as the end point of the deportation marches. The surrounding desert thus serves as a large burial site, housing mass graves. The site was consecrated on May 5, 1991 and was sponsored by the Armenian Apostolic Church of Syria and the Great House of Cilicia. The complex consists of a courtyard, chapel, and underground burial memorial and museum. The courtyard includes several khachkars and an eternal flame. The focal point of the chapel is an underground grave consisting of a central marble column around which have been set the remains of Genocide victims. The remaining space is a Genocide museum, providing an important educational component. The coincidence of secular with religious traditions continues here. On April 24, 2005, the 90th anniversary of the Genocide, the Catholicos of Cilicia, Aram I praised the will of the Armenian people for survival, while placing the importance of the memorial in context and in those same terms: “the chapel at Der Zor has a different significance from all the churches in the world; it is a haven for our victims. … Our martyrs walked through this desert. They died, but gave us life through their faith and sacrifice.” The site is visited in conjunction with a pilgrimage from another church memorial at Margade, Syria, about an hour away. The significance of DerZor makes it an important pilgrimage site for Armenians around the world. A striking figural monument on church property in Bikfaya, Lebanon was dedicated on April 24, 1965. The memorial was sponsored by the Lebanese-Armenian community and the Armenian Apostolic Church of Lebanon. It is located on a small hill on the grounds of the Armenian

The Dzidzernagapert memorial in Yerevan

As Parliament member John Watkins has said “the memorial will be a public statement to all visitors to Parliament House of the reality of the genocide and the importance with which the NSW Parliament holds the commemoration.” Khachkars (ancient Armenian cross stones) in Genocide memorials function as multi-layered symbols: as tombstones, or markers of death and remembrance; as expressions of the stability and uniqueness of Armenian culture; and as signifiers of the unwavering Christian faith of the Armenian people. Appropriately, they also symbolize rebirth (through Christ’s resurrection) and triumph (Christianity over paganism and, as suggested by Bishop Zhamkochyan, the survival of the Armenian people). As memorials, they do not typically mark the actual

Monastery of the Catholicate of Cilicia in Bikfaya, within the sheltered space of the Church in an area that invites public gathering. Annual commemoration activities alternate every other year with a chapel monument in Antelias, Lebanon. The Bikfaya memorial is made of bronze, in the shape of an abstract female figure. She is kneeling with her arms and upper body stretched toward the sky. Her posture is at once humble and forceful. Her position suggests that of a woman in prayer, beseeching the Almighty, another allusion to the Christian faith of the Armenian people she is meant to represent. Her solid massive legs are firmly grounded in the earth, signifying the importance of land to the sustainability of her people and implying that she will not cede that

Montebello Memorial

ground easily. The inscription (translated from Armenian and Arabic) reads “This monument, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, was erected with the cooperation of the whole Armenian Community in Lebanon, to celebrate the rebirth of the Armenian nation and to express gratitude to our country, Lebanon.” While recognizing the Genocide, the dedication also celebrates the resurrection of the Armenian people and their gratefulness to their adopted country, a characteristic feature of post-1965 memorials. An important monument in the homeland is located in the capital city of Yerevan, in present-day Armenia. The memorial was dedicated on April 24th, 1968. The impetus for its erection was a demonstration that took place on April 24th, 1965, when thousands of Armenians marched on Yerevan. A short time later, Soviet authorities granted their comrades the right to build a commemorative monument. The abstract nature of the memorial is indicative of Soviet restrictions at the time, particularly with regard to religious references, and even more severe than comparable ones elsewhere. The memorial is located in a park at the top of a hill in Tsitsernakaberd, just outside downtown Yerevan. Each April 24th thousands pay their respects in a pilgrimage ceremony that reinforces the monument’s memorializing function through reenactment. Visitors must symbolically relive the deportation marches by ascending a long, winding hill before arriving at the memorial complex. Once there, they encounter a basal wall, 100 meters by three meters, running along the platform of the site lists the names of the towns and villages where the massacres took place. In 1995, the post-liberation Armenian government erected a museum next to the site. The museum includes victim remains from Der Zor, Genocide photos by German military photojournalist, Armen T. Wegner, and various documents. Next to the museum, foreign statesmen have planted trees in memory of the Genocide. see page 25 Jean Murachanian is an Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of New England. She holds a Ph.D. in Art History from UCLA.


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S e r v i n g t h e A r m e n i a n C o m m u n i t y f o r 2 0 Ye a r s

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TORONTO ARMENIANS

by Natalie Jikerjian

Toronto Police Honour Member of Armenian Community for Heroism

Would you stop your car in the middle of traffic and run to pull a woman away from jumping off a bridge? Well, that's exactly what Roupen Bedrosian did a few months ago and, as a result of his selfless bravery and courage, he was awarded one of Toronto's highest honours. Roupen Bedrosian, a married father of three young boys and an active member of the Toronto Armenian Community, was on his way to run an afternoon errand on July 28, 2010. He was driving over a Highway 401 overpass at Don Mills when he saw a twentysomething woman gripping the railings about to jump onto oncoming traffic in a desperate attempt to end her life. Roupen immediately stopped his car and ran frantically towards her while calling 911 for help. Leaving his car running in the middle of the road, Roupen called out to the woman to change her mind..."It's not worth it! Don't do it! Wait..." But the woman appeared frozen and in a daze as a result of her troubled mindset. By the time Roupen reached the woman, another Good Samaritan had also stopped to help and together they pulled the young woman

by Katya Der Hovagimian

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to safety, holding on to her until police arrived on the scene. If it weren't for Roupen's bravery and quick thinking, this woman would have not only ended her life, but she may have also caused death or injury to those driving on the 401 that day. On April 3, 2011, the Toronto Police held a ceremony to honour a few dozen Torontonians for their unselfish acts of bravery, courage and assistance to the Toronto Police Service. The awards are handed out annually to recognize community members that go above and beyond to help others in peril. This year, Roupen was among those honoured in the main lobby of Toronto Police Headquarters by Chief William Blair and by Alok Mukherjee, Chair of Toronto Police Services. "Many people have told me that if things had gone wrong, this woman may have accidentally pulled me down with her," Roupen recalls. "But I wasn't even thinking that far ahead. I saw a woman desperate for help and knew there was only one thing to do." As a dedicated husband to his wife Garine, a loving father to his sons Armen, Michael and

Roupen Bedrosian, among other honourees, received an award from Toronto Police Services for his act of bravery, April 3, 2011. Gabriel, and a devoted volunteer to the But now, the rest of Toronto can officially Armenian Community he serves, Roupen is call him one. already considered a hero.

Young Armenian Talent Karlo William Featured in a New Documentary

Seven-year-old Karlo William has acting in his genes. Coming from a show business background- a pianist cousin, a great uncle opera singer and a former model mother he began to show signs of his talent at a very early age. At 4, he took on his first role as the face of Heritage RESP’s Voici la famille and has continued working ever since. Karlo’s latest role is in the upcoming documentary “St Judes of North Ontario”— a black and white 3D film in French about the real life story of the director Jeffrey St. Jules’ ancestry in Ontario. The story follows 3 boys, a girl and a baby who immigrate to Canada from France with their family, but the family falls apart through the economic hardships on foreign soil and ultimately crumbles due to the father’s alcoholism, forcing the 3 boys into a nearby convent as orphans. The film is due to be released in selected theatres by October and will be showcased in numerous movie festivals such as TIFF, Sundance, and Cannes. Karlo was cast to play the role of young Maurice, the director’s father. It's a huge accomplishment for a young boy. But Karlo, who's of Armenian and Lebanese origin, is not perturbed. He seems to thrive on the limelight and finds himself at home on set. I met Karlo a few weeks ago and found him to be quite a remarkable young boy. He shook my hand with an aura of chivalry way beyond his years, yet there was a youthful fragility in his bright blue eyes. I asked him a series of questions in English and was a little embarrassed as my eleven year Armenian school education was put to shame with this young boy answering every question fluently in Armenian. I soon found out that Karlo also speaks French and Arabic. In fact, his French background helped him get the role in the upcoming documentary.

Karlo William cast as Maurice in the upcoming documentary St Judes of North Ontario.

I asked Karlo if he thought the role of Maurice was anything like him.“ “Yes, he is strong, he’s playful, and he is almost the same age as me”, he shot back. Maurice is quite a heavy role— full of melancholy and sadness. I asked his real mother Shunell if she felt that the role was too much for Karlo to take on. She explained that she was aware of the emotional repercussions the role could take on her son, but to avoid psychological stress, she made sure to talk to him and explain the script when first received and later every night after shooting. She believes that in the entertainment business it is paramount to treat young actors as adults, explaining complexities that might affect them. Just recently she told Karlo about the Armenian Genocide and found him sobbing asking why and how people could be so malicious and want to do something so cruel,

so unimaginable to his race. He told his mother that Armenians should make the world aware about this very sad cause through movies, films, and television and he voiced his desire to be a part of this by playing the role of a child. I asked Karlo how he prepares for his roles. He casually looked at me and said: “My mom is helping me and I just put it in my mind, and when it’s time for me to say it just comes naturally”. It is quite astonishing that a seven-yearold can exude so much emotion about subjects that are far beyond his intellectual capacity and perform it with such passion and accuracy. But the child is still there. Like any young boy, he hopes to play a secret agent, a spy, a lawyer, or even an astronaut in future roles. Of all celebrities in the Canadian and American movie industry, the person he wishes to meet and work with the most is Atom Egoyan, especially if the director were

to work on another project for the Armenian Cause. Karlo is a member of Homenetmen Athletics, playing chess, soccer, and basketball and practicing kung fu at the Armenian Community Centre. “I’m proud of the community and proud of myself because I speak Armenian…I feel strongly about my culture”, he says with a mental maturity beyond his age. His very hands-on mother believes anything is possible with perseverance and hard work; “never give up and follow your dreams”, she says. However, what is important to her is to teach her son humility, politeness and being down to earth so that he doesn’t forget his history and his roots. So what’s next for young Karlo? Well, he continues to go to auditions. But his main role is being a student pursuing an education, and for the time being just being a kid.

Composer Ara Gevorgyan to Tour Canada On May 7th and 13th Hamazkayin Canada will present evenings featuring art and music by world-renowned composer Ara Gevorgyan, who will be touring Canada with his 2011 One World In Music Tour. Gevorgyan is a musician, composer and musical producer. He is one of the pioneers of Armenian “new age” music and presents his best works in the tradition of fusing Armenian folk and classical melodies with modern rhythms. He

combines Armenian folk instruments - duduk, dhol, kamanche, kanoon, oud - with electronic instruments, symphony orchestra and choir. Gevorgyan has been presented with the title of "Honorary Artist of the Republic of Armenia" by President Robert Kocharian. He has also been awarded the "Mikhail Lomonosov" Russian medal, as well as the Gold Medal by the Ministry of Culture of Armenia. Gevorgyan has worked with many

internationally renowned musicians and singers, such as Daniel Decker, Ian Gillian, Demis Roussos, Pedro Eustache, Walter Rodriges, and has composed the music for Russian prima ballerina Anastasia Volochkova's "Golden Cage" ballet, dedicated to the Bolshoi Theater. Gevorgyan will be accompanied by Canadian musicians, including the Sinfonia Toronto in Toronto, as well as the Hamazkayin “Erepuni” and “Ani” Dance Ensembles.


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TORONTO ARMENIANS

6th annual Armenian Memorial Faith Build with Habitat for Humanity

Armenian Family Support Services (AFSS) volunteers. On April 2, 2011, the Armenian Family speak out against other genocides taking place, Support Services (AFSS) in collaboration with such as in Darfur. Her emotional but empowering the Holy Trinity Armenian Church and Habitat for speech made the participants appreciate the Humanity (HFH)– Toronto, held its 6th annual purpose of the day- to help build homes in honour Adopt-A-Day -Armenian Memorial Faith Build in of those that lost their homes in 1915. Rev. Archpriest Fr. Zareh Zargarian, Pastor Commemoration of the 96th Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. 32 individuals took part in of the Holy Trinity Armenian Church, also shared the build and brought their hearts and hands to his prayer and words of gratitude to the AFSS, join in building homes for the community. It was Habitat for Humanity and conveyed a special the largest group the William’s Way build site has thanks to the 32 participants. Volunteers worked on various projects, such seen. Maida Icliates, Chairperson of the Armenian as insulating a basement, cutting wood and even Family Support Services, started off with a placing a full ceiling to complete an entire living heartwarming speech about what Armenian room. There was a sense of love and compassion Memorial Faith Build signifies. She also spoke from everyone involved working hard, knowing of the importance of April 24 and thanked Canada that the physical labour was going to help children for officially recognizing the Armenian Genocide. have a home. Furthermore, it was a chance for She also made us realize that as children of the Armenian youth to get to know each other Genocide Survivors, we have an obligation to while building homes for the community, all in

Armenian Memorial Faith Build volunteers at work. commemoration of the Armenian Genocide. The participation of newcomer youth was made possible through generous donations from community members who sponsored their registration cost. Their participation allowed them the opportunity to meet other members of the Armenian community, while giving back to their new Toronto community.

After lunch, which was provided by Habitat for Humanity, a draw for some valuable prizes took place. Five Armenian crosses (gifted by Maida Icliates), a LUSH Gift Box (generously donated by LUSH Markville Mall), and tickets to the Blue Jays game (donated by Seza Nazarian) were given out.

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TORONTO ARMENIANS

زÚÆê 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 67

Holly Week at Holy the Trinity Church

Easter Celebrations and Commemoration of 96th Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide

On Palm Sunday, April 17, Divine Liturgy was celebrated by Rev. Archpriest Fr. Zareh Zargarian at Holy Trinity Armenian Church in Toronto. Traditionally, Palm Sunday is known as the day of children and youth in the Armenian Holy Apostolic Church Canadian Diocese. Following the tradition, Fr. Zargarian blessed the young members of the church, who took vows to continue serving the church with love and dedication. The sermon of the day was more of a conversation with the youth, encouraging them to preserve their Armenian identity and faith. AGBU Zaroukian School Choir took part in the service and sang delightfully alongside the church choir. Following Divine Liturgy, the traditional Palm Sunday Lunch was served by the youth of the church. On Maundy Thursday, Divine Liturgy was celebrated by Rev. Fr. Zargarian followed by a Luncheon provided by Miss Mary, Mr. & Mrs. Hagop & Rita Artinian in memory of their beloved parents. Dessert was donated by the Tokhmakh and Yeretsian families in memory of their beloved husband & daughter respectively. The inspiring evening prayers were led by the Primate, Bishop Bagrat Galstanian, who then humbly followed the order of our Lord Jesus Christ and conducted the Washing of the Feet ceremony. Then His Eminence gave an inspiring message during a service celebrating Tenebrae, which is the remembrance of the betrayal of Jesus and His Passion during the last hours of His life. On Good Friday a large number of faithful gathered to attend the burial service of Jesus Christ. The symbolic tomb was later decorated as the faithful laid flowers on it. At the end of the service Fr. Zareh delivered a sermon. On Saturday, April 23, Easter Eve, the scripture reading of Books of the Prophets started at six o'clock. The readers were trained by SirvartMikaelian. Rev. Fr. Datev Menengichian was the celebrant of Divine Liturgy, during which “Yeraz” youth choir of the Holy Trinity Armenian Church joined the church choir with their angelic voices. Following Divine Liturgy, the faithful gathered in the church lobby for the traditional House Blessing service. The Parish Council of the Church served chocolates and brandy, along with the traditional “cheoreg”. On Easter Sunday, Rev. Zargarian celebrated Divine Liturgy. The church was packed with parishioners. As Easter fell on the day of the commemoration of the Genocide of the Armenians, Fr. Zargarian drew similarities between the Resurrection and the will of the Armenian nation to survive and build new life after the tragedies. He stressed that the Resurrection of Christ has always been an inspiration for all Armenian martyrs and survivors throughout the centuries. The Pastor then invited the church choir conductor Shahe Altounian and his family to

Genocide Memorials... The site includes a granite stele, rising 44 meters, once again symbolizing the survival and spiritual rebirth of the Armenian people. It consists of two sections separated by a fissure, representing the unity of Armenians in the Diaspora with those in present-day Armenia. The focal point of the monument consists of 12 inward-leaning basalt slabs encircling an eternal flame symbolizing the victims of the Genocide. The massive stone blocks recall traditional Armenian khachkars and represent the 12 lost provinces in present-day Turkey. Every April 24th a ceremony is performed by clergy around the eternal flame, which is surrounded by

receive special blessings. He thanked Altounian for his dedication and outstanding service to the church. As a token of appreciation and on behalf of the Parish Council and the faithful, Fr. Zargarian presented Altounian with a painting by the renowned Armenian artist Shmavon Shmavonian. A luncheon organized by the Women’s Guild of the church and egg cracking competition took place at “Magaros Artinian” Hall where families gathered after church service. Beautiful Easter baskets and traditional “cheoreg” were available for all present to enjoy. The baked goodies and decorated beautiful gift baskets was prepared by the ladies of the Women’s Guild. Also, on the occasion of Easter, Archpriest Zargarian accompanied by the Visitation Committee of Holy Trinity Armenian Church Women’s Guild and AGBU Zaroukian school students paid a visit to Armenian Seniors Bishop Bagrat Galstanian conducts Washing of the Feet ceremony. residing at different retirement homes. The students entertained the residents with their angelic voices and had traditional egg cracking competition with everyone present. On Easter Monday, April 25, a Requiem Service was conducted by Rev. Archpriest Zargarian, Very Rev. Fr. Meghrig Parikian, Rev. Archpriest Fr. Sarkis Gulyan and Rev. Fr. Datev Menengichian for the victims of the Armenian Genocide at the Memorial Monument at the York Cemetery of Toronto. The ceremony was followed by grave blessings requested by the families present. The commemoration of the 96th Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide organized by Toronto’s Inter-denominational Committee took place at St. Mary’s Armenian Apostolic Church. Divine Liturgy of the evening was celebrated by Archpriest Zargarian, assisted by acolytes, sub-deacons and deacons of Holy Trinity Armenian Church, led by Nurhan Ipekcian. Divine Liturgy was sung by St. Mary’s choir, led by Fr. Meghrig Parikian. The sermon Easter Eve in Holy Thrinity Armenian Church of the day was delivered by Rev. Samuel Albarian, Pastor of the Armenian Evangelical Church. The Chairman of the Inter-denominational Committee Hagop Janbazian introduced the director of the Zoryan Institute to all present. Through videos and a slide show, Kourken Sarkissian acquainted everyone with the history of the Zoryan Institute and the extensive research by scholars involved in all branches of this unique organization working towards education and prevention of genocides. He specifically spoke about the recognition of the Armenian Genocide throughout the world. The events of the evening concluded with a Requiem Service for the departed souls of the Armenian Genocide Martyrs, after which the laying of flowers took place at the Memorial Monument. A light reception was organized by the Women’s Guild of St. Mary’s Armenian Church at the “Hovnanian” Hall of the church. Prayer by the clergy at the Genocide Memorial in Toronto.

from page 21

rows of flowers brought by the many pilgrims, set in a circle around the flame. The religious ceremony performed at the Tsitsernakaberd Genocide memorial brings us back to the issue we started with, the coincidence this year of both a secular commemoration and a religious holiday on April 24th. As the discussion of the various memorials suggests, Armenian identity and Christian faith are inextricably linked. The memorials hint at the powerful symbolic connection between the two. It has often been suggested, for instance, that the Armenian people would have long ago assimilated if not for their

Christian faith, which prohibited union with non-Christians. Perhaps more importantly, the co-commemoration of Easter and April 24th lends each a parcel of the other, suggesting at once how history can take on an almost religious significance, while a unifying faith can provide the impetus for survival and rebirth. As we have seen from this small sampling, Genocide memorials serve as vehicles for the expression of such connections by serving several functions at the same time: remembrance of the victims; assertions of Armenian identity; declarations of Christian faith; unification of the Armenian people; gratitude to adopted countries;

identification of the perpetrators; celebration of rebirth; and education and recognition. In recent years, as the Armenian Genocide has increasingly threatened to become the “forgotten genocide” again, emphasis has shifted to the role of Genocide memorials in securing recognition, in making known the horrors of genocide and the dangers of intolerance. It has also increasingly become apparent that securing recognition depends on struggling to forge an Armenian identity while arguing for its preservation. Complicating matters is the fact that, as a result of the struggle for recognition, much of our identity is now linked with this catastrophe. As

several scholars of trauma have noted, recognition is a necessary component of healing, presenting the possibility that, in many respects, the Armenian community may be unable to heal and move beyond its tragic past. But if we are to take the significance of the monuments seriously, then the coincidence of the secular and the sacred they suggest bears a hopeful message as well: Krisdos haryav i merelots. Orhnyal e harutyun’ Krisdosi. (Christ is risen from the dead. Blessed is the resurrection of Christ.) If, as Bishop Zhamkochyan suggested, “the existence of the Armenian people symbolizes Resurrection itself,” then surely the struggle for recognition will bear fruit.


ARMENIA

2011 26 ¼.زÚÆê î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 67

Armenia to Host Nuclear Power Plant Conference

Armenia is scheduled to hold an international conference in late April on the feasibility of constructing yet another nuclear power generation facility in the country. The conference, slated for April 27 and 28 in Yerevan, was announced by Armenian Energy and Natural Resources Minister Armen Movsisyan. In an interview with the Armenian news.am wire service, the energy minister said that Armenia would not renounce its intention to develop nuclear power and that priority would be given to the technologies related to security. Only the best technologies will be used in the construction of the future nuclear power generation facility in the country, the official stated. “It is important to note that the trouble on the Japanese Fukushima was triggered by the tsunami rather than by the earthquake,” said the minister. “In addition, our nuclear power plant has already withstood the test of an earthquake in 1988.” Equipment manufacturers and potential

investors are expected to attend the scheduled conference which expects to draw offers from participants. The potential site for Armenia’s new nuclear power plant is within a 100-km radius of the 1988 Spitak magnitude-7.2 earthquake which killed at least 25,000 people and shut down the country’s Medzamor nuclear power plant. After a five-year hiatus, Medzamor was forced to reactivate one of its two generating units to roll back on an acute shortage of electricity throughout the country. The single running reactor is still generating up to 40 percent of the country’s electricity now. Armenia and Russia have already negotiated the addition of a 1,060-megawatt nuclear-powered generator at Medzamor. The construction of the negotiated unit is said to begin this year at the cost of some $5 billion. The ongoing radioactive pollution from Fukushima has prompted neighboring Georgia and Azerbaijan to voice concerns about Armenia’s planned construction of more nuclear power plants.

Millennium Challenge Cuts Armenia Aid (RFE/RL)—Armenia is currently not eligible as part of the same scheme.

for receiving additional U.S. economic assistance under the Millennium Challenge Account, a program designed to reward good governance and reforms around the world, according to the U.S. Ambassador Marie Yovanovitch. She said the approaching parliamentary and presidential elections in the country will be an opportunity for the Armenian government to improve its democracy and human rights record and thus again qualify for the MCA program. The U.S. government approved $236 million worth of MCA assistance to Armenia in 2006 to finance a rural development plan submitted by Yerevan. In June 2008, Washington scrapped a $67 million segment of the aid package, which envisaged the reconstruction of hundreds of kilometers of rural roads. The decision was widely attributed to the events surrounding the 2008 presidential elections. The aid cut did not affect the rest of the MCA funding which is being mainly channeled into Armenia’s battered irrigation networks. Their ongoing refurbishment is due to be completed this September. Yovanovitch and Armenian Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan visited the central Aragatsotn province to inspect local irrigation canals that have been rehabilitated with MCA funds. They also met with farmers that have received training

Iran to Connect Armenia to International Waters Iran’s Deputy Transportation Minister recently said several companies will form a consortium to carry out major railway and road construction projects, connecting their railway network to Armenia’s. The deputy minister, Reza Pilpayeh told Armenia’s Ambassador to Iran, Griogory Arakelyan the rail network will be 540 kilometers long, 480 of which will be in Armenia. He added that a memorandum of understanding has been signed between the two sides but the agreement had yet to be implemented. With the implementation of the agreement, Armenia’s rail network will be effectively connected to international waters via the southern Iranian port of Bandar Abbas. Pilpayeh also announced the consortium’s readiness to participate in the construction of a 624-kilometer road inside Armenia which will directly link Iran to Georgia, thus facilitating Armenian transportation to the Black Sea. Arakelyan expressed hope for expansion of cooperation between Armenia and Iran and agreed with the necessity to establish a joint consortium, referring to the announced project.

“We hope that this program has made and will continue to make a real impact on the rural community in terms of increased wealth,” Yovanovitch told journalists there. The U.S. diplomat made clear that Yerevan can not apply for more MCA aid for the time being. “Perhaps at some point in the future, there might be a possibility,” she said. “Every year, every country is reviewed for eligibility. At this point, Armenia is not eligible for a second compact due to where it stands on the [MCA] indicators.” Yovanovitch specified that President Serzh Sarkisian’s administration should, among other things, hold more democratic elections. “As Armenia enters into an election cycle, with parliamentary elections next year and presidential elections the year after, there is an opportunity to boost these indicators,” she said. “Obviously, conduct on the day of elections is an important thing but so is freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, the many other things that go into general good governance,” she added. Yovanovitch urged the Armenian authorities to hold free elections, respect civil liberties and embark on other “deep and difficult” reforms in a recent speech at Yerevan State University. In particular, she stressed the importance of “ensuring that peaceful, lawful assemblies will not be harassed or broken up.”

Gia Arabidze, dean of the energy and telecommunication faculty of the Technical University of Georgia, said that the Medzamor nuclear power plant would constitute a real threat to the South Caucasus region should there be a powerful earthquake in the country. Adil Garibov, director of the radiation problems institute under the Azerbaijani National Academy of Sciences, said that the functioning of the Medzamor nuclear power plant is dangerous to the entire South Caucasus. The Medzamor nuclear power plant is a light water-cooled nuclear reactor-run power generating facility built in 1976. Armenian authorities have guaranteed that Medzamor is operating in its normal exploitation regime. Ashot Martirosyan, chief of the Armenian state committee for nuclear safety and security, said that apart from routine inspections by Russian, European and American experts, the IAEA would also send German experts to inspect the facility in the wake of the Fukushima tragedy.

Iran Plans to Boost Gas Exports to Armenia

The director of Iran National Gas Company said numerous negotiations have taken place with Armenia on boosting exports of natural gas from the Islamic republic to that country. The Mehr News Agency quoted Gas Company director, Javad Oji, as saying that gas exports to that neighboring country may reach 2.3 billion cubic meters annually. Six years ago the to countries signed an agreement to swap gas for electricity, and according to the contract Iran agreed to send

Armavia Takes Delivery of First Sukhoi Superjet 100

Armenia’s Armavia Airlines took delivery on April 26 of the first Sukhoi Superjet 100 to roll off the production line. It made its maiden flights from Moscow to Yerevan’s Zvartnots Airport. The aircraft was christened “Yuri Gagarin” in memory of the first cosmonaut. The Armenian carrier holds two firm orders plus two options. “This is definitely a great milestone for the Russian aerospace industry, because this SSJ00 is in fact the first production aircraft of modern Russia, created in partnership with worldwide aerospace leaders,” said Armavia owner Mikhail Bagdasarov.

United Aircraft Corp. President and Sukhoi Holding General Director Mikhail Pogosyan added, “The delivery of the first production aircraft is the key milestone of the Sukhoi Superjet 100 Project. The event opens a new stage of the program—the beginning of commercial operation and full-scale serial production.” The aircraft officially rolled out on Sept. 26, 2007. Armavia plans to utilize the aircraft on service to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sochi and Ukraine. It operates a fleet of three Airbus A320s, three A319s, one CRJ200, one IL-86 and one YaK-42.

one billion cubic meters of gas annually by 2010. Currently Iran is exporting more than one million cubic meters of gas to Armenia per day and a 30 inch pipeline running 113 kilometers has been mounted from Tabriz to the Armenian border for this purpose. The Iranian gas and Armenian electricity barter contract is for 20 years. It is a quadrilateral contract between Iran’s National Gas Exporting Company and Tavanir Company and Armenia’s Yerevan TPP and its Electric Company.

Georgia Cuts Off Russian Military Transit to Armenia Georgia’s parliament unanimously approved a government proposal to dissolve a military transit agreement with Russia, which allowed the latter to deliver cargo to its base in Gyumri through land and via Georgia’s airspace, reported the Civil Georgia news agency. The decision comes a day after Georgian and Armenian defense ministers hailed strong relations after meeting in Yerevan. The agreement on transit of military personnel and cargo, giving Russia access to its 102nd military base in Gyumri, was signed in March, 2006 in connection with another agreement that spelled out Russia’s military pullout from bases in Batumi and Akhalkalak. Both agreements were ratified by the Georgian Parliament on April 13, 2006. Georgian Defense Minister Bacho Akhalaia speaking at a joint news conference with his counterpart in Yerevan said relations between the two countries were of special importance and there was nothing that could derail those close ties. According to the Georgian Defense Ministry, the main topics of discussion during the visit were exchange of experience in defense and cooperation in military education.


TURKEY/AZEBAIJAN

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US Criticizes Turkey’s Human Rights Record

Turkey ‘World Leader’ In 11, the political parties’ law was amended Jailed Journalists, to allow campaigning in languages other IPI Report than Turkish, including Kurdish,” the State

(Hürriyet Daily News)—Unlawful killings, poor prison conditions, excessively long trials and limits on freedom of expression are among the human-rights violations in Turkey that the U.S. State Department denounced in a recent report. “Security forces committed unlawful killings; the number of arrests and prosecutions in these cases was low compared to the number of incidents, and convictions remained rare,” the State Department said in the section devoted to Turkey in its annual report on the status of human rights throughout the world. U.S. officials also commented on the recent arrests of Turkish journalists, which came too late to be included in this report, saying they would be monitored and addressed in next year ’s survey. “During the year human-rights organizations reported cases of torture, beatings and abuse by security forces. Prison conditions improved but remained

poor, with overcrowding and insufficient staff training,” the State Department said in its 2010 human-rights report. “The overly close relationship between judges and prosecutors continued to hinder the right to a fair trial. Excessively long trials were a problem. The government limited freedom of expression through the use of constitutional restrictions and numerous laws,” the State Department said. “Press freedom declined during the year. There were limitations on Internet freedom. Courts and an independent board ordered telecommunications providers to block access to Web sites on numerous occasions,” it said in the report. “Violence against women, including honor killings and rape, remained a widespread problem.” There were positive developments about human rights in Turkey in 2010, however, according to the report. “On April

Department said. “On July 25, the government amended the anti-terror laws to prohibit prosecution of minors under the laws, reduce punishments for illegal demonstrations and meetings and allow for the release of minors who had been previously convicted under the laws, resulting in the release of hundreds of children from prison,” it said. The State Department also praised the passage of a package of constitutional reforms in a Sept. 12 referendum. The declining situation for press freedom in Turkey, including the arrest of several prominent Turkish journalists earlier this year, would figure in the State Department’s 2011 human-rights report, to be published next year, U.S. officials said. “In the early months of this year there have been the arrests of several wellknown Turkish journalists in connection with the Ergenekon trial, and we’ve expressed concerns to the Turkish government about that. We’ll continue to do so, and those events will be reflected in our 2011 report,” Michael Posner, the assistant secretary of state responsible for democracy, human rights and labor, said at a briefing in Washington late Friday. Hundreds of people have been accused in the ongoing Ergenekon case, which deals with an alleged ultranationalist, shadowy gang accused of planning to topple the Justice and Development Party, or AKP, government by staging a coup, initially by spreading chaos and mayhem.

State Department Slams Azerbaijan’s Human Rights Record In its 2010 Country Report on Azerbaijan, The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor at U.S. Department of State, which publishes annual report on human rights practices slammed Azerbaijan for violations of individual freedoms. The report pointed out that while the legislative authority is vested in the Milli Majlis (National Assembly), in practice the president dominated the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. November 7 parliamentary elections did not meet a number of key standards of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe for democratic elections. According to the final report of the OSCE’s Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), election shortcomings included a deficient candidate registration process, limits on freedom of assembly and expression, a restrictive political environment, unbalanced media coverage of candidates, and problems in vote counting and tabulation. “President Ilham Aliyev, the son of former president Heydar Aliyev, was elected to a second term in 2008 in a flawed election; constitutionally mandated presidential term limits were removed in a March 2009 referendum, which was also seriously flawed. Although there were more than 50 political parties, the ruling

Yeni Azerbaijan Party, chaired by President Aliyev, dominated the political system,” the report stated. “Restrictions on freedom of expression, assembly, and association impaired political party activities and significantly limited citizens’ right to change their government through peaceful elections. There were reports that torture and beating of persons in police and military custody resulted in at least seven deaths, and law enforcement officials acted with impunity. Prison conditions were generally harsh and in some cases life threatening. Arbitrary arrest and detention, particularly of individuals considered by the government to be political opponents, and lengthy pretrial detention continued. The government continued to imprison persons for political reasons, although authorities released some of these individuals during the year. Pervasive corruption, including in the judiciary and law enforcement, continued,” observed the report. “Restrictions and pressure on the media and restrictions on political participation worsened. The government continued to restrict religious freedom in some cases. Cases of violence against women were also reported. Trafficking in persons remained a problem,: added the report.

Azerbaijan Blacklists Stepanakert Visiting Turkish Cypriots (APA)—Azerbaijan has blacklisted a group of Turkish-Cypriots who visited Stepanakert to attend an international conference in April, announced the Azeri foreign ministry spokesperson Elkhan Pulkhov. The spokesman said that Baku has officially appealed to Turkey but has not received any response. The Azerbaijani representation in Northern Cyprus issued a statement saying it regretted the visit. A prominent Turkish Cypriot politician led a delegation to the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic last weekend to take part in roundtable discussions organized there by a British peace-building charity. Kutlay Erk, secretary general of the Republican Turkish Party (CTP), reportedly shared with local officials and civil society members his long experience of face-to-face contacts with Greek Cypriots. He said such contacts are important for resolving the decades-long conflict in Cyprus. “Before that we were enemies, but thanks to our communication we became friends. Mutual trust developed into friendship,” the Regnum news agency quoted Erk as saying at a seminar in Stepanakert sponsored by the London-based group

International Alert. “Our existing status quo is unacceptable, unstable,” he said. “We need to look for other solutions. The status quo in the Karabakh conflict zone is not the best one either.” Erk served as the mayor of the Turkish-controlled part of the Cypriot capital Nicosia until 2006 and was later a special negotiator of Mehmet Ali Talat, the former CTP leader and president of the unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. According to Regnum, Erk, who is apparently the first Turkish Cypriot to set foot in Karabakh, was asked by a seminar participant about Azerbaijan’s threats to shoot down civilian aircraft that will use Stepanakert’s sole airport currently undergoing reconstruction. Erk appeared to disapprove of those threats, saying that Northern Cyprus has for decades had flight services with Turkey despite being recognized only by Ankara. “Despite political protests from the Greek side, there have never been any harmful actions, any threats to shoot down civilian planes,” he was quoted as saying.

(Hurriyet Daily News)— Turkey has more journalists in prison than any other country in the world, including China and Iran, according to a press release issued recently by the International Press Institute. The group based its release on a report published by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, or OSCE, that said 57 journalists are currently in prison in Turkey. As of December, Iran and China each had 34 journalists behind bars. “While Iran and China topped lists in December by reportedly jailing some 34 journalists each, Turkey, a candidate for membership in the European Union, has nearly doubled that number five months later, raising questions about the country’s commitment to freedom of the press and the legitimacy of its democratic image,” IPI Press Freedom Adviser Steven M. Ellis wrote in an article featured on the institute’s website. Daily Radikal meanwhile reported that Aziz Özer, chief executive officer for the monthly culture and literature magazine Güney (South), had been sentenced to 1.5 years in prison because of a short story and a caricature he published that were determined to constitute “making propaganda” for the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ P a r t y, o r P K K . T h e implementation of the sentence was not suspended. In its report, the IPI also noted the case of journalist Nedim •ener, an IPI World Press Freedom Hero who was arrested recently on accusations of being a member of the alleged Ergenekon coup-plot gang. Dunja Mijatovic, the OSCE representative on media freedom, who commissioned the report, called upon Turkish authorities to bring the standards of press freedom in Turkey up to meet its OSCE commitments. The IPI also drew attention to the fact that there are between 700 and 1,000 ongoing cases in Turkey that could result in the imprisonment of more

journalists. “The sheer number of cases poses fundamental questions about the legal provisions governing journalism in Turkey and raises concerns that the number of journalists in prison could further increase,” said Mijatovic. The report conceded that governments do have a legitimate need to fight terrorism, but stressed that the notion of national security should not be used as a basis to curb press freedom. The IPI noted that most of the arrested journalists were taken into custody either under Turkey’s anti-terror law or for alleged crimes under the criminal code’s prohibitions on “founding, leading or becoming a member of an armed organization for the purpose of committing certain offenses.” The report also noted the extremely long sentences requested by for journalists. Ibrahim Cicek and Bayram Namaz from At•l•m newspaper, for example, each face up to 3,000 years in prison. “These journalists are in jail because of Turkey’s anti-terror Law. This law threatens the freedom of press, and investigative journalists live under its menace. We find this unacceptable. We made a request to the government to change this law, but unfortunately the government does not lend an ear to professional journalist associations,” said Ferai T•nc, the chair of IPI’s Turkey National Committee and an IPI board member. “ T u r k e y, a t t h e crossroads between East and West, is a major regional power with an ancient cultural heritage. The country is also often held up as an example of a healthy Muslim democracy,” said IPI director Alison Bethel McKenzie, who warned that moving away from this history and imprisoning more journalists than any other country is damaging. McKenzie also called on the Turkish government to respect press freedom and release all journalists who have been detained because of their work.


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APARTMENT

IN YEREVAN

84 sq. m. apartment on the 14th floor, conveniently located in the heart of the city @ Mashdots & Saryan - Completely renovated - spacious 2 bedrooms - Large living room - Easily accessible with 2 elevators - Corner lot - Air conditioned & heated Asking $99,000 US. Call (416)-944-0273 or e-mail vkaljian@rogers.com Rental: US $450/week

HOME IMPROVEMENT

for Sale (or rent)

PIANO Lessons ( all grades )

Give your child the gift of music * Master degree in music * RCM and ORMTA member * 30 years of experience * RCM exams/competitions/ auditions

Narine Abrelian

Tel: 416-497-9738

Torontohye Newspaper Publisher Torontohye communications Inc. 45 Hallcrown Place Willowdale, ON M2J 4Y4 Email: torontohye@gmail.com Phone: 416-491- 2900 ext. 3 Fax: 416-491- 2211

ng aki arat t h at Ar an Bre w of Yerev vie ll of &a

̲Êàô Î²Ø ì²ðÒàô 1300 sq. ft. Warehouse »ñ»ù ·ñ³ë»Ý»³ÏÝ»ñáí ̳Ëáõ ¿ ݳ»õ ϳñÇ í»ñ³µ»ñ»³É ѳ½³ñ³õáñ åïáÛùÝ»ñ

RENOVATE IMPROVE CHANGE Math Tutoring (Gr.5 – Gr.12) Parseh Margarosyan

60 Deerbrook Trl., Toronto Direct: 647-224-6668 Res.: 416-491-6668 parma@sympatico.ca

Free Estimate

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sales.torontohye@gmail.com

Math Contests Preparations

(Gauss, Pascal etc.)

Arto Hacherian

ahacherian@hotmail.com

416-495-1513

Editor

Karin Saghdejian

Administrator

Zareh Dervichian

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Sevag Haroutunian

Layout & Designs: Ara Ter Haroutunian

(416-434-3437) (416- 878-0746)


2011 30¼.زÚÆê î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 67


31

زÚÆê 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 67

West Realty Inc. Brokerage

e m a N A iends nd r me F com Re

Sales representative Residential and Commercial

ÐÇõëÇë³ÛÇÝ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Úáõß³ñÓ³ÝÝ»ñáõ »õ ÞÇñÙ³ù³ñ»ñáõ ßÇÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ٻͳ·áÛÝ Ñ³ëï³ïáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ¿Ý Ù¿ÏÝ ¿ Stone Craft ÁÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÁ, áõñ ÏÁ ·ïÝ¿ù Ïñ³ÝÇû³Û »õ ³ÛÉ ù³ñ»ñ ½³Ý³½³Ý ã³÷»ñáí: Ø»ñ ïñ³Ù³¹ñáõû³Ý ï³Ï áõÝÇÝù ɳõ³·áÛÝ áñ³ÏÇ ù³ñ»ñª Û³ñÙ³ñ³·áÛÝ ·ÇÝ»ñáí, áñáÝó íñ³Û ÏñݳÝù µ³ñÓñáñ³Ï ³ñáõ»ëïÇ ×³ß³Ïáí Ó»ñ ëÇñ»ÉÇÝ»ñáõ ÝϳñÝ»ñÁ, ³ÝáõÝÝ»ñÁ »õ ÛÇß³ï³ÏÇ, ëñïÇ Ëûëù»ñÁ ù³Ý¹³Ï»É ѳۻñ¿Ý, ³Ý·É»ñ¿Ý »õ ³ÛÉ É»½áõÝ»ñáí:

As one of North Americaþs largest monument dealers, our volume buy­ ing assures you of quality and satis­ faction at the lowest possible price. We have a wide range of granite and designs from which you can select the memorial that best suits your needs.

Ò»ñ ³åëåñ³ÝùÝ»ñáõ ѳٳñ ¹ÇÙ»ó¿ù Ú³Ïáµ Ö³Ýå³½»³ÝÇÝ, áñ å³ïñ³ëï ¿ ɳõ³·áÛÝ ëå³ë³ñÏáõû³Ùµ ·áѳóÝ»Éáõ Ó»½, ³ñ³· »õ Ù³ïã»ÉÇ ·ÇÝ»ñáí: Ñ»é³Ó³Ûݪ Ú. Ö³Ýå³½»³Ý 416-885-1430 Ask for Hagop ¶ñ³ë»Ý»³Ï 416-667-1474 80 Martin Ross Ave.

Ara Graphics

Design of Monuments Engraving Cemetery Lettering Portriats on Stone Factory Retail to the Public SevagKaltagian@hotmail.com

www.GetSev.ca

Sunday May 15, 2011 Joe Ghazarian (416)568 2365 or kjoe16@hotmail.ca


2011 32 ¼.زÚÆê î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 67


TorontoHye Newspaper Volume 6, #8-67 - May 2011