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raffi Raffi D. Boghossian, B.A., MVA MVA Associate Broker Market Value Value Appraiser

Volume 6, No. 6 (65), MARCH 2011 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper

EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES

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Èáõë³Ýϳñª Shantimix Productions, Shant Ohannessian

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ÂàðàÜÂàÐ²Ú Îº²Üø

زðî 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 65

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ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ Üáñá·áõû³Ý ²ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñÁ ì»ñçÇÝ öáõÉÇÝ Ø¿ç

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Khoren Mardoyan Mobile Mortgage Specialist Royal Bank of Canada Tel: 647-980-9449 Fax: 416-289-0352

When it come’s to your mortgage, it is important to make sure you get the home you really want with flexible financing solutions that are right for you.

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ANNOUNCEMENT

HA# GYTRONI AMA_NA#IN "A_AD)N

ACC SUMMER FEST 2011 15 AMYAG / 15th Anniversary

July 8, 9, 10 – 2011 OV<ATROV:IVN – ATTENTION The new ACC Summer Fest 2011 Booklet is in reproduction process. The committee likes to give the opportunity for those who like to add, make a

ÃÇõÝÁ ϳñáÕ³Ý³Û Ù³ñï³í³ñ³Ï³Ý ×Çß¹ Ùûï»óáõÙÝ»ñ áñ¹»·ñ»Éáíª ëï»ÕÍáõ³Í Çñ³íÇ׳ÏáõÙ ³õ»ÉÇ ×Çß¹ ÏáÕÙÝáñáßáõÇ »õ ÅáÕáíñ¹ÇÝ ×Çß¹ ÏáÕÙÝáñáßÇ, áñ Ûëï³Ï ÉÇÝǪ áíù»ñ, áñ ¹Å·áÑ »Ý, Ñ¿Ýó ³Û¹ åÉáùÇÝ Ó³ÛÝ ãï³Ý¦, å³ñ½³µ³Ý»ó èáõëï³Ù»³Ýª ³õ»ÉóÝ»Éáí. §²Ûë ¿ ËݹÇñÁ: ÆëÏ ¹ñ³ ѳٳñ ÁÝïñáÕÝ»ñÁ å¿ïù ¿ Ý³Ë Çñ»Ýó Ó³ÛÝÁ ϳñ»õáñ»Ý: Ø»½ ѳٳñª ³Ûë ß³ñÅÙ³Ý Ñ³Ù³ñ, ϳå ãáõÝÇ, ÿ á±íª á±õÙ í»ñçáõÙ Ó³ÛÝ åÇïÇ ï³Û: ¸³ ³Ù¿Ý ÁÝïñáÕ ÃáÕ Çñ ѳٳñ áñáßǦ: èáõëï³Ù»³Ý ãµ³ó³é»ó ·áñͳÏóÇÉ Ý³»õ È»õáÝ î¿ñ ä»ïñá뻳ÝÇ Õ»Ï³í³ñ³Í Ð³Û ²½·³ÛÇÝ ¶áÝÏñ»ëÇÝ Ñ»ï£

ACC-SAH

The Armenian Community Centre signed a sponsorship agreement with the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration to help sponsor Iraqi refugees to Immigrate to Canada. For additional information please contact Sevan Hajinian at (647) 857-8972 or e-mail info-acc-sah@armenian.ca

correction in the directory section or change a name, address or telephone number. Please forward your e-mails to alinajakoujian@rogers.com The additions or changes must be sent by May 31st 2011 (No Exceptions).

Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ ³Ù³éݳÛÇÝ ÷³é³ïûÝÇ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝÇ Ñ³ëó¿³·ÇñùÁ ³ñ¹¿Ý ÇëÏ ïå³·ñ³Ï³Ý ·áñÍÁÝóóÇ Ù¿ç ¿: ´áÉáñ ³ÝáÝù« áñáÝù ϒáõ½»Ý Çñ»Ýó ѳëó¿Ý»ñáõ ×ß¹áõÙÝ»ñÁ ϳï³ñáõÇÝ« ÏÁ Ëݹñ»Ýù« áñ Çñ»Ýó ³ÝáõÝÇ« ѳëó¿Ç ϳ٠ѻé³Ó³ÛÝÇ ×ß¹áõÙÝ»ñÁ áõÕ³ñÏ»Ý ³é³õ»É³·áÛÝÁ ÙÇÝã»õ 31 سÛÇë 2011 Ñ»ï»õ»³É e-mail-Ç Ñ³ëó¿ÇÝ alinajakoujian@rogers.com

Ú²Úî²ð²ðàôÂÆôÜ Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÁ ÏÝù³Í ¿ ѳٳӳÛݳ·Çñ ÙÁ ¶³Ý³ï³ÛÇ ø³Õ³ù³óÇáõû³Ý »õ Ü»ñ·³ÕÃÇ Ý³Ë³ñ³ñáõû³Ý Ñ»ï: ²ÝáÝù« áñáÝù ϒáõ½»Ý û·Ý»É Çñ»Ýó ѳñ³½³ïÝ»ñáõÝ« áñáÝù Æñ³ù¿Ý ¹áõñë »Ý »õ ·³Õóϳݫ ÏñÝ³Ý ¹ÇÙ»É ê»õ³Ý г×ÇÝ»³ÝÇݪ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»Éáí 647-857-8972 »õ ϳ٠e-mail-áí info-acc-sah@armenian.ca


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Canadian Armenian Youth Demonstrate At The Azerbaijani Embassy In Ottawa

On February 22, more than 300 ArmenianCanadians from across the country took part in a demonstration in front of the Embassy of Azerbaijan in Ottawa, organized by the Armenian Youth Federation of Canada (AYF Canada) and the Armen Karo Student Association. The pro­ testers voiced their concern about Azerbaijan’s ongoing aggression, intimidation and hostility towards Armenia and Armenians. During the demonstration, David Warner, former speaker of the Ontario Legislative As­ sembly, Jim Karygiannis, Member of Parliament for Scarborough Agincourt, and Nicole Demers, Member of Parliament for Laval, delivered mes­ sages to the ambassador. They targeted Azer­ baijan’s continuing aggression towards Armenia, the atrocities and pogroms of Sumgait and Baku, as well as the cultural genocide of Armenian heritage sites within Azerbaijan. They also high­ lighted the current situation in the NagornoKarabakh, proclaiming that historically, Arme­ nians have always prevailed in the region, and that they should continue to live freely without Azerbaijani constraint and hostility. “Azerbaijan, you cannot continue and try to kill off, bully, and subjugate the Armenian people and destroy historical monuments”, said Warner urging the Azerbaijani leadership to immediately stop the maltreatment of the Arme­ nians. During the demonstration, protestors relentlessly chanted for hours despite the blis­ tering cold weather, carrying signs, asking the government of Azerbaijan "stop the cultural genocide", and to “end the war threats”. The planned protest came just days before the 23rd anniversary of the deadly pogroms of Sumgait on February 27, 1988, which marked the beginning of a systematic campaign by Azerbaijan’s OMON Special Forces to use mas­ sacres and violence to forcefully uproot Arme­ nians from Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh. The Sumgait pogrom and its bloody repetitions in cities throughout Azerbaijan, lasting through the years 1988 to 1991, led to the sudden, violent and permanent displacement of 450,000 inhabitants living in an established Armenian community in Azerbaijan. None have received compensation for their losses.

Azerbaijan has actively continued a policy of hostility against Armenians; from exile and pogroms in the late 1980s, to the constant warmongering rhetoric threatening to end the ceasefire with the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. More recently, the planned and executed destruction of Armenian Khachkars (cross-stones), recog­ nized by UNESCO as items of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, proves to the world that Azerbaijan has been taking active steps towards erasing the memory of Armenians from the country. The events in Sumgait, which came as a direct response to Armenians’ expression of their right to self-determination in 1988, were followed by equally violent pogroms in the Azeri cities of Kirovabad, Baku and later in the North­ ern Shahoumian district of Nagorno-Karabakh. The violence against Armenians escalated and Azerbaijan launched a military invasion into Nagorno-Karabakh, sparking a devastating war in the region that ended in 1994 with a ceasefire that left the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic free from Azeri rule. December 15, 2005, the government of Azerbaijan orchestrated the final demolition of the historic Armenian cemetery in Djulfa, an ancient Armenian city now located in Azerbaijan. Between the 6th and the 17th centuries, 10,000 intricately hand carved Khachkars were erected as grave markers at the Djulfa Armenian ceme­ tery. By 1998, after decades of neglect and wilful destruction by Azerbaijani authorities, only 2000 remained. On that painful December day, 200 Azerbaijani soldiers massed at the Nakhich­ evan-Iran border and desecrated the remaining grave markers, pulverizing them to rubble. Armenians from across the world recently marked the fifth anniversary of this affront to world cultural heritage. The cemetery site is now an Azerbaijani military training base. Other Armenian sacred and historic sites in Azerbaijan have faced the same fate such as the Pombloz or Hovivi (Shepherd’s) Church built in the 16th century which was destroyed along with its cemetery in 2002. The Armenian-Canadians community proved, once again, that they believe that the

Armenian protesters holding a "khachkar" (cross-stone) in front of the Azerbaijani Embassy in Ottawa. Photos by Shantimix Productions, Shant Ohannessian

Protesters chanting towards the Azerbaijani Embassy in Ottawa. independence of the Nagorno Karabakh Repub­ lic must be universally recognized and that a return to Azerbaijani rule would jeopardize the lives of the native Armenian population. Further­

more, they urged governments around the world to condemn Azerbaijan for their continued display of religious intolerance, aggression, and constant destabilization of the Caucasus.

How Genocide Should Be Represented In The Canadian Museum For Human Rights by Roger W. Smith The Canadian Museum for Human Rights (“CMHR”) is planning to have twelve permanent zones or galleries. According to the CMHR’s website, there will be a zone devoted to the Holocaust and a “Mass Atrocity” zone, immediately adjacent to it, which will feature detailed information on many other mass atrocities that have taken place worldwide. The prominence given the Holocaust with its own separate gallery, and the as yet unclear status of the other cases of “Mass Atrocity” is causing considerable concern within some communities. It raises questions as to which cases will be included, how much space will be allotted to each case, what their content will be, if they will have a permanent or only temporary exhibit, and how these decisions are made. This article discusses these concerns from the perspective of the International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies in Toronto, a Canadian research institute devoted to human rights and genocide studies and education for nearly thirty years. The CMHR was the vision of Can West founder Izzy Asper as a place where Canadian students could visit to learn about human rights. He launched the CMHR as a private initiative on April 17, 2003, the 21st anniversary of signing of Charter of Rights and Freedom. On April 20, 2007, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the Government of Canada’s intention to make the CMHR a national museum, the first created in over 40 years. Then on March 13, 2008, Bill C-42, An Act amending the Museums Act received Royal

Assent in Parliament, with support from all political parties, creating the Canadian Museum for Human Rights as a national museum. The CMHR’s stated mission is, in part, to establish

“a national and international destination— a centre of learning where Canadians and people from around the world can engage in discussion and commit to taking action against hate and oppression…. inspiring research, learning, contributing to the collective memory and sense of identity of all Canadians… to explore the subject of human rights, with special but not exclusive reference to Canada, in order to enhance the public’s understanding of human rights, to promote respect for others and to encourage reflection and dialogue.” It is the world’s reaction to genocide and other gross violations of human rights that has helped bring about the modern human rights revolution, culminating in the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide on December 9, 1948, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948. Therefore, to explore the subject of human rights, it is critical to examine the gross violation of human rights and its relationship to genocide. The phenomenon of genocide is complex, and its ramifications are global and devastating for humanity at large. We may approach the subject by studying cases of genocide individually—such as the Holocaust, the Armenian or Rwandan Genocides, or the Holodomor—or we may deal with them comparatively. Individual case studies by nature are narrow. They are self-contained discourse and, as such, are of limited value for scholarship

and education. In their general thrust, they are descriptive, and inherently do not allow for the illustration of common denominators of several cases. Comparison, on the other hand, is essentially an analytical task. The characteristics of genocide can be brought out in the interplay of such common denominators. Only the comparative approach can yield carefully delimited generalizations about the nature and mechanics of genocide as a general problem of humanity. Even though generalizations distilled from comparative studies reflect the common features and characteristics among the cases being compared, their elaboration does not need to exclude other features that are not common. One need not limit one’s self to the quest for common denominators in order to do justice to the comparative method. By taking into account those factors that are rather uncommon, one may in fact underscore the importance of the common features. Yehuda Bauer, Professor of Holocaust Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and academic advisor to Yad Vashem, noted in a speech given at Clark University on April 23, 2009 that the origins of the UN Genocide Convention, “go back to a Polish-Jewish lawyer and jurist named Raphael Lemkin, who first began writing about all this in the 1930’s, before the Shoah of the Jews; Lemkin’s model was not Jewish but Armenian, harking back to the Armenian Genocide of 1915 and an earlier genocide against the Herero tribe in southwest Africa in 1903-04. His was truly a comparative approach to genocide.”

However, genocide is an extremely emotional issue. Often, people engaged in the field of genocide and human rights have a personal relationship with these traumas. In addition, the members of each group feel that their own trauma is unprecedented, the most important, and tend to inflate their experience to the level of historical uniqueness, as they naturally feel their own pain more immediately. Thus, it is understandable that the reactions to the CMHR’s announced allocation of galleries have been polarized and adversarial. We are aware that the museum is still a work in progress. We also acknowledge its challenges in meeting the desire of various groups to be included in the framework of the museum, as well as the desire of some to exclude others from it. There must be a scientific and scholarly basis for the CMHR’s decisionmaking process, including the designation of its galleries. It is our belief that the comparative approach to various cases of genocide, based on the principle of inclusiveness, provides such a scholarly standard, whereas allocating a whole gallery to only one case, while lumping all others into a single gallery called “Mass Atrocity,” relativizes and thereby trivializes those other cases. Moreover, the comparative approach will help those Canadians, who have genocide and the gross violation of human rights as part of their history, share their traumatic experiences with their fellow

see page 26 Roger W. Smith is the Chair of the International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies.


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Letter to the Editor

We Can Alleviate Poverty in Armenia I would like to express my thanks to TorontoHye for sensitizing its readers (February 2011 issue) with articles by Maria Titizian and Nanore Barsoumian, respectively titled “Living in Armenia: The battle of Poverty and Prosperity” and “New Report on Armenia Poverty Rate Worries UNICEF”. It’s saddening to say the least that the rate of poverty in Armenia has increased in the last year to over 34%, with remote regions reaching as high as 47%. Lately, however, I discovered I could reach out directly to farmers and small business owners in Armenia through Kiva and I wanted to share this information with TorontoHHe readers. Hopefully, those interested in exploring the possibility will do so by checking out Kiva. Kiva Micro Fund, better known as www.kiva.org, raises capital directly from people around the world, via the internet, and works with local microfinance institutions, to alleviate poverty around the world. Kiva operates in 57 countries, including Armenia. Over 500,000 people from 210 countries are Kiva Lenders. In Armenia alone, hundreds of loans have been funded in the past 18 months, raising more than US$800,000. This past week, there were a large number of borrowers: farmers, small scale businesses and retailers from high poverty regions such as Shirak, Lori, Tavush, Kotaik, including Yerevan, raising funds through Kiva. In Armenia Kiva partners with three microfinance insti­ tutions: Aregak, Nor Horizon and SEF International. These institutions have their roots in International NGOs. Aregak is affiliated with the United Methodist Church of America, with over US$20 million in assets and operates both in Armenia and Artsakh. Nor Horizon was founded by Oxfam UK, but operates independently. SEF International is affiliated with World Vision with over US$5 million in assets. They are licensed by the Bank of Armenia and approved for Kiva affiliation. I encourage TorontoHye readers to check out www.kiva.org. Search by country “Armenia” (go to Lend and click on the map to select Armenia), to review the profiles of borrowers. It’s a dynamic website, constantly changing with new borrowers added, others fulfilling their fund requests. The profiles of borrowers create instant connection with our hardworking brothers and sisters in Armenia and it’s hard to suppress the urge to extend a helping hand. WE CAN help one farmer or one small business owner at a time and give hope to many who struggle to make ends meet. 100% of our contributions go directly to the borrower. Please join hundreds of thousands of like-minded Good Samaritans worldwide and make a difference! Microfinance is a true and tested medium of supporting the poor. It respects the dignity of borrowers. It provides the means to help them accomplish a better life-because they CAN! Zohrab Sarkissian and I have helped several people make their first loan. For further information, or if you need personal help to make a first loan, you can contact us directly: Seta Ghougassian (seta_gh@yahoo.ca/ Tel. 416-694-6142) Zohrab Sarkissian (zohrab@sympatico.ca/ Tel. 416-2238408) Respectfully, Seta Ghougassian

The First Ever AYF Winterfest Breaks The Ice by Katya Der Hovagimian Measuring up to the Summerfest is a tall task but AYF volunteers were up to the challenge. The inaugural AYF Winterfest, held on the weekend of February 4-5 on the grounds of the Armenian Youth Centre, broke the ice and surpassed all expectations. The event took place in and around the AYC parking lot, where a large heated tent was filled with candy, desserts, food, drinks, refreshments, and other carnival goods. Outside the parking lot, in the AYC field, a 40’x80’ ice rink stood adjacent to the 401 and was open all weekend with the most creative home-made zamboni ever. Just a couple of feet from the ice rink, a fire pit was running all weekend making it a little more bearable to stay outside and enjoy the winter scenery. The goal of the event was to bring together Armenian youth in a distinctly Canadian atmosphere to celebrate Armenian-Canadian culture. And so they did and they did so effectively. You can say Friday exuded more of a young Canadian atmosphere rather than Armenian, but it was not without its Armenian influence. Canadian bands Bravestation, Fame City Boiz, Lost Innocence(lead singer Ari Seyranian) and Armen at the Bazaar performed on the Winterfest stage and brought together over 600 faithful fans, while the Fire Guy warmed things up outside with his overthe-top pyrotechnics.. Despite the never ending snow that made for miserable outdoor weather, more than 800 patrons persevered and made the treacherous drive down for the daylong festivities on Saturday. The day began with a 3 on 3 hockey tournament with 8 teams participating ending in double overtime. To the right of the rink, during the tournament, the immensely talented Madlen Movsisian impressively sculpted 3 ice sculptures before our very eyes despite having never worked with ice before. As the day progressed, the festivities began inside the tent starting with the Hamazkayin Choir. Later, the newly reformed Hamazkayin Dance group showed us what they have been working on under the direction of Lori Najarian, and the Sassoun Dance Ensemble graced the Winterfest stage showing us dances they performed in Armenia. The Native Tall Pines dance group coloured the stage with their aboriginal dances giving a taste of Canadian culture. All these performances led up to Armenian superstar Sako, who for the first time in Toronto, warmed up the tent with classic Armenian hits and his own releases.

Photos by Shantimix Productions, Shant Ohannessian

Children on the skating rink specially prepared for Winterfest at the premises of the AYC in Toronto.

Photos by Shantimix Productions, Shant Ohannessian

Hamazkayin Dance Ensemble The weekend festival also featured a political presence. The ANCT took the opportunity to hold a meet and greet session with Toronto District School Board trustees on Saturday; what better way for them to see how active and dynamic the Armenian community is than at Winterfest when we are all together celebrating our culture. Armenia’s Minister of Diaspora Affairs, Hranoush Hakobyan, was also present at Winterfest and could not be more proud to see what the youth of Toronto are capable of. Looking back on the 2-day festival, what is important to note is the number of youths who were present at this event. The group of 12 organizers, who committed 6 months coordinating this event, are all between the ages of 16 and 26. Although AYF has organized many events before, there has never been any on such a large scale. Because of their hard work and determination, they were able to have a successful event, and because they all worked together as a team, everything went smoothly and

problem free. Let’s not forget the dance groups. The stage was filled with youth dancing traditional and modern Armenian dances with such passion and joy. Yes, the event was just a winter festival open for all ages, but the implications were much grander than that. This is all substantial proof that the older generation can rest easy knowing the future of our culture is alive and thriving. The youth is interested and is full of fresh and creative ideas playing as the driving force of our community and has been fortunate with an older generation who has always provided support and encouragement. The event was sponsored by Selyan Flooring and Interiors and Shantmix photography. The Beretzian family and Arz Fine foods provided the great food and refreshments. The committee promises Winterfest will be an annual event. So you had better stay tuned to www.ayfwinterfest.com.

Megerdich Mikayelian To Perform In The Amici Chamber Ensemble gets a Toronto’s Heliconian Hall Juno Nomination

On March 8, the Lebanese Armenian guitarist Megerdich Mikayelian will perform at the prestigious Heliconian Hall in Toronto. The repertoire will include Armenian composers Sayat Nova, Armen Dikranian and Parsegh Ganachian as well as pieces by Mauro Giuliani, Manuel M. Ponce, Astor Piazzolla, Joaquin Turina, Federico Moreno Torroba and Manuel De Falla. By all measures, Mikayelian is a fine guitarist who has performed extensively in countries such as Lebanon, Syria and Armenia. He is the first graduate of Hamazkayin Parsegh Ganatchian College of Music in Beirut in Classical Guitar. He continued his guitar studies under the direction of Hagop Tchaghatsbanian at the Komitas Armenian National State Conservatory of Music, and took advanced classes with Professor Eddy Dorlian at the Lebanese National Higher Conservatory of Music.

Mikayelian has performed as a soloist and as a member of various ensembles, including the Madrigal Ensemble of Hamazkayin, and in duos with guitar, violin and flute. He has also attended several master classes with internationally renowned guitarists such as Raphael Andia. When not touring, Mikayelian is a guitar professor at the Lebanese Conservatory of Music, Parsegh Ganatchian College of Music, and Antonine University. He is the coordinator of classical guitar and the director of the Guitar Ensemble at Parsegh Ganatchian College of Music and Professional Institute of St. Michel. Mikayelian has authored a book “Armenian Liturgy and Armenian Songs for Guitar”. In 2006, he released his first CD for classical guitar, in collaboration with Hamazkayin and Pomegranate Music. His second Classical Guitar Album “Kaleidoscop” (2008) was recorded in Athens.

The Amici Chamber Ensemble has been nominated for a 2011 Juno Award in the category “Classical Album of the Year: Solo or Chamber Ensemble” for their album, Armenian Chamber

Music. “This comes at a wonderful time for Amici as we have been in the process of some change, with a terrific new pianist, Serouj Kradjian, and a recording contract (ATMA Classique Records). This nomination reaffirms our commitment to the highest quality and interesting programming in chamber music in Canada,” said Amici’s celebrated clarinetist Joaquin Valdepeñas. Armenian Chamber Music was recorded on the ATMA label featuring composers Aram Khachaturian, Arno Babadjanian and Arno Arutiunian as well as Parsegh Ganatchian’s Oror (Lullaby) in a new arrangement by Serouj Kradjian for voice, clarinet and four cellos sung by soprano Isabel Bayrakdarian. The Amici chamber ensemble has been at the forefront of the Canadian chamber music scene for the past two decades. Its current members include Joaquin Valdepeñas (clarinet), David Hetherington (cello), and Serouj Kradjian (piano)


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CABC Banquet: The Annual Get Together Of Toronto Armenian Businessmen And Leaders Hosts Diaspora Minister H. Hagopian, Honours Businessman of the Year Vahe (Cy) Tokmakjian by Tamar Donabedian The Canada Armenia Business Council’s (CABC) annual banquet, held on February 5, was everything Toronto Armenians have come to expect. The event drew more than 250 supporters, among them noteworthy politicians and representatives from the governments of Canada, Armenia and Cuba. Despite the unfavourable weather conditions, Hazelton Manor Banquet Hall was buzzing with businessmen, dignitaries and other attendants. It’s a testament to CABC’s ability to bring Armenians of all backgrounds together around a common objective: building business relationships that are of mutual benefit to Canada and Armenia. Classical compositions performed by the Wellington string quartet set the tone for an elegant evening, as the crowd made its way into the Hall. The official part of the evening was conducted in Armenian and English. Following the Canadian and Armenian national anthems, Masters of Ceremony Krikor Astourian and Natalie Jikerjian acknowledged the guests including First Minister of Diaspora Affairs of the Republic of Armenia, Hranush Hagopian; Charge d’Affaires, Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Ottawa, Arman Hagopian; Deputy Mayor of Markham, Jack Heath; Liberal MP Scarborough-Agincourt, Jim Karygiannis; Cuban Ambassador to Canada, Teresita de Jesús Vicente Sotolongo; a delegation from the Cuban general consulate in Toronto; former MP Sarkis Assadourian; Canadian Citizenship Judge Aris Babikian; Primate of the Armenian Church Canadian Diocese, Bishop Bagrat Galstanian; representatives of Armenian churches, organizations and media. In addition, Progressive Conservative leader of Ontario Tim Hudak joined the evening. Following evening blessings offered by Bishop Galstanian, Deputy Mayor of Markham, Jack Heath noted that Canada’s Armenian community is one of the best you could have in terms of business and contribution to Canadian society. Heath congratulated the business person of the year, Vahe (Cy) Tokmakjian: “I know what he does and it is a great contribution to York region,” he said. A letter from the Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism, Jason Kenney, was read by Jikerjian, where Kenney, on behalf of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, thanked the CABC for its unwavering devotion to Canada and recognized Vahe (Cy) Tokmakjian, as one of Canada’s most successful entrepreneurs, an exceptional business man who has inspired many with his work ethic. Astourian read Environment Minister Peter Kent’s letter, where the minister refers to the honouree as a leader in the transportation industry, a man whose vision inspires. Vahram Pirjanian, President of the CABC Toronto, called the guest speaker minister Hranush Hagopian, a true friend and supporter of the Council. He acknowledged the honouree who had unanimously been voted by the CABC as business person of the year, 2011. Pirjanian mentioned that the CABC has for the past two decades followed the developments in the business environment in Armenia; while some ventures carried out by Armenians from the Diaspora have been successful despite many challenges, some have failed. “Diasporans need to feel that they are operating within a just, free and open business environment,” he said. He spoke of the role of the CABC in strengthening the Canada Armenia business relations and highlighted the role of the educated young generation in spawning innovation in business. Diaspora minister Hranush Hagopian’s accomplishments are impressive to say the least, both as a woman in parliament and as a public figure in general. Some of the highlights

Armenia°s Minister of Diaspora Hranush Hagopian of her life include: author of 5 books and 40 research papers; achievements such as Woman of the Year, M.P. of the Year, Political Figure of the Year; a vast array of notable roles in the public sector; a diverse academic background in the areas of Applied Mathematics, political science and the designation: Doctor of Law. Hagopian took to the podium congratulating Tokmakjian and praising the CABC for its vision and for creating a network of Armenian business owners. Hagopian noted that the Diaspora presents a competitive advantage to Armenia in the business landscape. She spoke of Armenia as the homeland of all Armenians, regardless of their country of birth or residence; that an Armenian is the person who feels Armenian, regardless of their ideology or background; that although it is important for the 7 million Armenians living outside of Armenia to be integrated in the societies within which they live and to become exemplary citizens, it is also important that they maintain their roots. Hagopian highlighted the areas where differences disappear and Armenians everywhere stand united: the peaceful and lasting resolution of the issue of NagornoKarabakh; the recognition of the Armenian Genocide; the importance of the Diaspora and the role it plays in the future of Armenia; the safety of Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia. She also invited our attention to the new concept of creating an upper and lower parliamentary system, whereby the Diaspora would have an active voice in government. She encouraged us to rally around the idea conceptually and work through the practical challenges collectively. She shared that over 70% of new small and medium size businesses in Armenia are established by Armenians from the Diaspora. The key premise of her speech was about unity, inviting all Armenians to unite so that we can turn our dreams into reality. Finally, she expressed her gratitude toward Canada, for its warm welcome, generosity and friendship. Progressive Conservative leader of Ontario Tim Hudak acknowledged Tokmakjian for his leadership. “Vahe’s story is one of spirit and determination. It is an inspiration to us all. At the age of 29 Vahe left Syria and followed in his own father’s footsteps and started a transportation company. S. N. Diesel, Vahe’s first company has been through three recessions and has never let go of a person; today, the Tokmakjian Group employs 1000 people worldwide. For the number of people you employ, the bread you put on our table, we thank you for your leadership and your investment,” he said. Federal MP Jim Karygiannis said “There is no other community that is better organized than the Armenian community”. He presented Tokmakjian with a certificate of accomplishment for his achievement. He also presented a gift on behalf of the House of Commons to Hranush Hagopian. Throughout the evening, the crowd enjoyed

Vahram Pirjanian and Vazken Terzian present Business Person of the Year award to Vahe (Cy) Tokmakjian.

Photos by Armen Karapetyan

Pirjanian addresses the guests during the CABC annual banquet at the Hazelton Manor on February 5.

Federal MP Jim Karygiannis

Ontario PC leader Tim Hudak

the performance of the talented pianist Raymond Sarkisian as he played Armenian and world classics. Well known soprano Lena Beylerian further enhanced the evening by performing two popular Armenian songs. Arman Hagopian praised the CABC for its role as a catalyst in bringing together Armenian businesses in Canada and Armenia and for being a unified voice for all Armenians. The Cuban Ambassador to Canada, Teresita de Jesús Vicente Sotolongo acknowledged Tokmakjian as a pioneer in the Canada-Cuba business relations and referred to him as a highly respected entrepreneur. Sotolongo highlighted that through his business interactions in Cuba, Tokmakjian is not only representing Canada, but is representing Armenia as well. On behalf of Cuba, the Ambassador extended her friendship to the people of Canada and Armenia alike. A slide presentation followed, depicting the highlights of Tokmakjian’s life journey. He arrived

in Canada on September 27, 1969, with a big dream, talent, a strong will and determination to succeed. His charismatic personality secured him a job, while in the airplane, before landing at the airport in Toronto. In 1970, he started his first company S.N. Diesel Services. In 1971 he founded the Tokmakjian Group and in 1983, Can-Ar Coach Service, which currently operates over 50 luxury tour coaches in North America. In 1989, the company started branching out globally. Today, the Tokmakjian Group operates nine international divisions in various parts of the globe. CABC vice-president Vazken Terzian, a long time friend of Tokmakjian, described the latter as a caring family man, a great father and grandfather, an entrepreneur and philanthropist. He invited Pirjanian to the podium for the presentation of the CABC Business Person of the Year award for 2011. In accepting his award, Tokmakjian was brief and humourous. “After 41 years of being see page 21


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Sarkisian Secures Coalition Support For Another Term In Office ARF Condemn Coalition Deal, Calls it Totalitarian RFE/RL -- After months of foot-dragging, businessman Gagik Tsarukian and his Prosperous Armenia Party (BHK), a key member of the ruling coalition, on February 17 formally committed themselves to helping President Serzh Sarkisian win a second term in office in 2013. In a joint declaration signed with Sarkisian’s Republican Party and the third coalition partner, Orinats Yerkir, the BHK also appeared to give up its ambition to win next year’s parliamentary elections. “At the presidential elections the Political Coalition will come up with one single nomination in the person of the current President, creating thus guarantees of further continuation of the changes and sustainable development of our country for the next five years,” reads the declaration signed by Sarkisian, Tsarukian and Orinats Yerkir leader Artur Baghdasarian. The signing ceremony came after more than one week of intensive negotiations between the HHK and the BHK. The latter has been under strong pressure to officially pledge support for Sarkisian in the next presidential election due in early 2013. Tsarukian’s party, which is believed to be unofficially backed by former President Robert Kocharian, has clearly been reluctant do so. Speaking to journalists, Tsarukian said he has decided to endorse Sarkisian’s reelection bid now because of “severe” internal and external challenges facing Armenia. He said the incumbent president needs to “feel his power and be firm” in coping with them. The chief HHK spokesman, Eduard Sharmazanov, dismissed media speculation that the fact that Sarkisian will not be mentioned in the coalition declaration is a concession to the BHK. “Everyone knows that the current president of the country is Serzh Sarkisian,”

Sharmazanov said. In another far-reaching statement, the coalition leaders made clear that their parties “will not strive to increase their political weight through contesting against each other or changing correlation of forces within the Coalition” in the May 2012 parliamentary elections. The declaration also says they will have even more seats in Armenia’s next parliament. Aram Safarian, a senior BHK member, refused to specify whether that means Tsarukian and his allies will no longer aim for a parliamentary majority. “Please, do not remind me of past things,” he said. The declaration’s references to the 2012 polls were strongly condemned by the opposition Zharangutyun (Heritage) party. “The ugliest thing in that declaration is an effective announcement of the falsification of the next parliamentary elections,” said Stepan Safarian, a Zharangutyun leader. Safarian claimed that the governmentcontrolled Central Election Commission was thus instructed to rig the vote “in a way that would correspond to the letter and spirit of the coalition declaration.” For its part, the Armenian National Congress (HAK), a more radical and influential opposition force, said Sarkisian’s endorsement by the BHK dashed Kocharian’s perceived hopes to return to power in 2013. “It’s all very simple,” Levon Zurabian, the top HAK coordinator, told RFE/RL’s Armenian service. “Serzh Sarkisian today wields the power levers and he can impose any sanctions on Tsarukian and any other member of the BHK. They are simply saving their businesses and thinking about their security.”

ARF Condemns Coalition Deal The Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutyun) condemned a new powersharing deal cut by President Serzh Sarkisian and his political allies, saying it threatens to

Signing the Deal. L-R: Gagik Tsarukian, President Serzh Sarkisian and Arthur Baghdassarian thrust Armenia into authoritarianism. Armen Rustamian, an ARF leader, called these declaration provisions "absurd," saying that the coalition parties are effectively predetermining the outcome of the parliamentary polls due in May 2012. "Today the coalition forces have more than 100 deputies," Rustamian said. "Can their presence get any bigger? At whose expense? Must there be no opposition at all in this country?" "At issue is a monopolization of the entire political stage," he said. Hrant Markarian, the de facto head of the opposition party's worldwide governing Bureau, also denounced the deal, saying that it will have "extremely negative" consequences for the country. "In effect, a dictatorship, a totalitarian system is thus being formed in the government camp," he charged.

ARF, itself was a member of the ruling coalition until April 2009. It pulled out of the government in protest against Sarkisian's policy of rapprochement with Turkey and has since been increasingly critical of his track record. Markarian and Rustamian spoke to RFE/RL's Armenian service as their party launched what it calls a broad-based movement against Armenia's culture of electoral fraud. They said the movement will focus on raising public awareness of electoral rights and discouraging Armenians from selling their votes. Rustamian made clear that ARF is ready to cooperate with all other opposition forces, notably the Armenian National Congress (HAK) led by former President Levon Ter-Petrosian, in promoting the conduct of free and fair elections. "We are ready to cooperate with everyone, regardless of their political orientation," he said.

Prominent Turkish Publisher Honored in Armenia (RFE/RL) - Ragip Zarakolu, a prominent Turkish human rights campaigner and book publisher, was honored by Armenia’s National Library for his long-running advocacy of Turkey’s recognition of the 1915 Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire. The director of the state-funded library, Davit Sargsian, paid tribute to Zarakolu’s decades-long activism as he presented a medal to the founder of the Istanbul-based Belge publishing house. Sargsian also thanked him for donating dozens of books to Armenia’s largest library. “We are talking about an individual committed to the ideas of humanism,” Sargisian said at a ceremony in Yerevan. “Unfortunately, he does not have an easy life in modern-day Turkey because of his activities, principles and thinking.” “This is the most important award of my life,” Zarakolu said in a short speech. Zarakolu rose to prominence in the 1970s as a newspaper columnist and editor highlighting human rights abuses committed

in Turkey. He was twice imprisoned by military governments in Ankara before founding, together with other prominent Turks, the Human Rights Association of Turkey in 1986. Around that time, Belge began publishing books on taboo subjects such as the mass killings and deportations of Armenians in Ottoman Turkey. It has since translated into Turkish more than a dozen books by Diaspora- Armenian authors challenging the official Turkish version of those events. At least two of those translations landed Zarakolu in court. A Turkish court ruled in June 2008 that the publication of one of those books, written by the British-Armenian author George Jerjian, insulted “the institutions of the Turkish Republic.” Zarakolu received a suspended five-month prison sentence. Speaking at a news conference in Yerevan, Zarakolu reaffirmed his belief that the slaughter of more than one million Ottoman Armenians was a genocide that must be officially recognized by the Turkish state. “Recognition of the Armenian Davit Sargisian (L), director of the National Library, gives a medal to Ragip Zarakolu, a prominent Turkish Genocide would not humiliate Turkey,” he said. “On the contrary, human rights campaigner and publisher. it would make it greater.”

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ARMENIA

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In The Absence of Stories… A Tale of Wool and Peaches by Maria Titizian The story of our lives and the stories of our parents and grandparents are the sum of all that we are and continue to be. While many of those stories are laced with pain both personal and collective and enough adversity and heartache to fill volumes, there is also a heritage, a veritable treasure chest of priceless riches. When we immigrated to Canada in the 60s from Lebanon, my parents had very little to go on except love although over time even that was worn down. Living a life of poverty in a country of prosperity wasn’t always easy but it certainly built character. We eventually discovered that with each battle won, and each obstacle eliminated what we were inadvertently doing was building a life of texture and depth. We were weaving a mosaic of stories and experiences that would be intrinsic to the people we would become. I never thought about this until a friend said, “Our children will no longer have any stories of their own to tell.” We had been doing what generations of mothers before us had, we were commiserating about our children. I didn’t quite understand what she meant at first and then it slowly occurred to me that she might be on to something. If we were to take the time to dissect the lives of our grandparents, the burden of their existence would destroy us. My grandfather running away from an orphanage in Syria at the age of 13, believing that his entire family was lost to him only to find his sole surviving sister years later in Beirut and then losing her once more during the great repatriation of the 1940s never to see her again; my other grandfather being uprooted from his ancestral village, not once but twice, losing his first wife to typhoid after giving birth to their son, my father, only to lose his second wife to heartache; my maternal grandmother battling the demons of her tortured memories for the duration of her short life, while my mother was taken out of school and made to take care of her younger siblings at the ripe age of 9.

We were the children of the children brought up by orphans. Our nourishment was the stories they told us, those they had pledged never to tell and those they needed to impart to ensure that their existence on this earth had mattered. Our shelter was their ability to survive and their determination to protect us with what little ammunition they had in their arsenal. So, while our grandparents fought for their lives and our parents struggled to sustain them and we fought to make ourselves better so that we could be a sense of pride to our parents, we carved out a life of comfort for our children and when possible, made sure that it was absent of pain and adversity. I still smile in wonderment every time I remember the things my mother had us do as children growing up in Canada. She carried her Middle Eastern lifestyle and sensibility with her to the most Anglo-Saxon neighborhood in Toronto. She had brought pure wool comforters from “back home” and each spring we would have to remove the wool, wash it, dry it, beat it, place it back in its individual sheets and using a large needle, sew it into place. I still remember the smell and texture of the damp wool, strewn on large cotton sheets in our living room. Our tiny overstore apartment did not only witness the cleaning, beating and drying of wool; it was a constant, relentless hub of domestic activity. There was no way my ever-industrious mother was going to allow her three young daughters to be languorous. So, we made soujouk, falafel, yogurt, peach compote, jams and jellies, lahmajoun, sekhtorov hats, and on and on. I remember trying not to gag as I would hold animal intestines in place while my mother used this medieval contraption to stuff her prepared soujouk into. We would then hang them up to dry on a string my father had placed in one of the hallways of the apartment. I remember jars of compote – mostly peaches lined up on a shelf above the kitchen cupboards. I also remember that we weren’t allowed to go outside after dusk because the “hippies” would be hanging around our street and they were not to be “messed with.” Our list of weekly chores

was long and non-negotiable and once a month every square inch of the apartment would have to be scrubbed down otherwise we would catch some unearthly disease. So while my blonde and blue-eyed friends would be outside skipping rope, their hair in braids and ribbons, or riding their pretty bicycles, or going to their piano lessons, we would be scrubbing the walls with rags, making soujouk, pealing peaches for the compote and beating wool brought from the old country… Trying to console my daughter one time about something which eludes me now because in my mind it was irrelevant in the larger picture of her life, I blurted out that I envied her childhood. She looked at me quizzically and for a second I regretted saying it. I certainly did not begrudge her a single thing in the universe that my husband and I had worked so hard to provide her with, but in that particular space and moment, I was envious of the childhood I had been able to give her and heartbroken over my own. Those words, “I envy your childhood,” were uttered from my lips but they came from my mother who worked 10 hour shifts in a garment factory in a country, which after more than 40 years is still alien to her, sewing heavy winter coats to

provide for her daughters and from my deceased grandmother whose essence I can still feel but whose soul was shattered almost a century ago. Instead of being envious, I should have found fulfillment at being able to reverse the cycle of bitter childhoods. And herein lies the question…will our children have their own stories to tell? This new generation might not have stories of wool and peaches; they might not have grown up with memories of heartache and pain but they will have to negotiate the next leg of our nation’s journey. They will determine the course and set the standard and while we might think that they have no stories of their own upon which to construct the next stage, they will have the burden and the privilege of doing so on the shoulders of all those who came before them. Our children have the ability, creativity and imagination to become the heroes and heroines of their own stories and just as my generation tried to break the cycle of bitter childhoods, perhaps they will have the fortitude, energy and desire to reverse the cycle of unbearable challenges and shape a brighter future for our people. Now that would be quite a story. (Asbarez.com)

Travel to Climb: Rocks Lure Adventurers to Armenia by Nanor Barsoumian Armenia’s got rocks, and it so happens, they are the latest attraction for the type of tourist that lives for a climbing high. Globe-trotting climbers travel to Armenia chiefly to climb up its majestic rock formations. They come with high hopes, and leave still wanting more. Sam Bié, a French rock-climbing photographer is one such adventurer. He first heard about Armenia’s terrain from a small news story on a Russian website announcing the opening of the first-ever rock climbing event in Armenia—the “Arev” Armenian First Ascent Open Festival. The festival, now held annually in May, was organized by Up the Rocks, a group founded in 2009 by rock-climbing enthusiast Mkhitar Mkhitaryan, who has worked toward developing the sport in the country and promoting it in the international rock-climbing community. The article “talked about a small gathering organized by Mkhitar Mkhitaryan and his association… So, after browsing through the photos posted on the website, and by searching Google Earth, I said to myself that these ‘organs’ made of basalt must be even more extraordinary in person—or at least, that’s what we hoped,” Bié told the Armenian Weekly. The “organs” he was referring to are vertical and steep hexagonal basalt columns in Garni Gorge, which resemble a pipe organ. Sprayed with moss and vegetation, they are an impressive sight. Bié shared his new find with champion climber Alex Chabot, the winner of around two dozen World Cup titles. “I mentioned it to only Alex…with whom I had traveled previously. It’s the sort of destination he appreciates,” noted Bié. Soon thereafter, the pair began planning their trip to Armenia and invited a third climber, Pippa Planques, to join. The following year, they reached Armenia via Lebanon. “We first went exploring, routing, and climbing in Lebanon, and from there, we

went to Armenia,” said Bié. “Why [did we pick] Armenia? Because we are part of a group of climbers who is always searching for new cliffs in the world, the most beautiful and unknown that are yet to be discovered. We search for that rare pearl!” added Bié. Among their destinations were the Noravank canyon, the Arpa Gorge, and the Garni Gorge. The latter two are protected sites where pitons and bolts may not be used— challenging skilled clean climbers. Bié was soon struck by the unique beauty of Armenia’s terrain. “The aesthetic appeal of these ‘organs’ are unparalleled!” he said. “Climbers love beautiful and unique rocks, just as surfers love a magnificent, well formed wave of translucent water. It’s always better than a small foamy wave of brownish hue.” On the “organs,” the climbers use special movable anchors that wedge between cracks and don’t harm the rocks. “The ‘organs’ are a little more dangerous [than the Noravank cliffs]. We climb with two ropes since the rocks are pretty steep. We are never safe from pulling on a huge rock that could have us fall, and all this by being protected from the fall strictly by anchors,” said Bié. The team mapped new climbing trails— referred to as “new-routing” in climbing lingo. In Noravank, as one of the first climbers to scale the limestone cliffs, Bié and Chabot faced the added challenge of “cleaning” a “modern” 150meter-high rock, which involved removing loose rocks on their path. “‘Modern’ because the equipment we put in place is anchored inside the rock, so there is no need to place mobile pincers like we did on the ‘organs.’ And removing chunks of unstable rock is simply to make it less dangerous to climb inside, both for us and for future climbers,” explained Bié. Lately, the Noravank area has received

much international attention, ever since the oldest known shoe and wine-making facility were discovered in a nearby cave, outside the village of Areni. Bié says he’s likely to return to Armenia. “There is still much to be done because, during our journey, we didn’t have good weather,” he said. Soon after the trip, the story was published in Rock and Ice, a magazine dedicated to the sport. “The world’s greatest, untapped rock is in Armenia, a place you likely can’t even find on a map,” it declared enthusiastically in a feature article titled “Amazing Armenia.” Using Bié’s photographs, Rock and Ice prepared a clip in which the magazine’s Jeff Jackson eloquently described the scenery. “Sixsided columns ran up basalt ramparts like a stack of Grecian pillars. A dike of perfect gold stairs split a strange, 300-foot tower of gray choss. Snowy mountains with slopes of varicolored grasses fell precipitously to orchards, sedge and clear rivers. Gorges of volcanic rock were cloaked in fog… It looked like the best trad climbing area in the world,” admired Jackson. Bié and Chabot’s beautifully documented trip to Armenia introduced the country to the rock-climbing world, placing Armenia on a destination wish list of many world adventurers.

CABC Banquet ...

from page 19

in business, you feel a certain pride. The main pride comes when people start working for you when they are 18 and they still work for you today… and their kids work for you….That is the motivation for me to grow the company bigger. I came into a system where people build companies and companies build countries. This is the system I learned and it is the system I have to maintain,” he said. He thanked the

Aside from Garni Gorge, Arpa Gorge, and Noravank canyon, the Hrazdan Gorge and the Ijevan mountain range have also attracted climbers. Meanwhile, the 2011 Arev Festival is fast approaching, and climbers will soon flock to Armenia to experience its amazing terrain, and unique culture.

Council for the honour and appreciated the guests for venturing out in the bad weather. As the evening neared its conclusion, the CABC presented scholarship awards to Nayiri Kouyoumdjian, a political science major at York University and Arkishti Baghdasarian, biochemistry major at the University of Toronto. In closing, Vahram Pirjanian presented the minister Hagopian with Inuit art, as a token of appreciation for her support.


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The Armenian Wikipedia by Emil Sanamyan If you have googled an Armenian name lately, there is a decent chance that the number one result for the name came up on Armeniapedia.org. Even for Kirk Kerkorian, the site comes second only to Wikipedia. What is this site you've stumbled upon? It's one of the largest Armenian websites in the world, with well over 5,000 pages and a mission to cover everything about Armenia, Armenians, the Diaspora, Karabakh and anything or anyone else with any Armenian angle. The site is also a wiki, which means visitors can join in the effort and add or edit information, just like on Wikipedia. This Armenia Encyclopedia's origins go back to the 1990s, when much of the content was on Cilicia.com, one of the first Armenian web site anywhere online that was created by Raffi Kojian. In 2004, seeing how easy it was to

collaboratively work on a wiki website, Kojian started Armeniapedia.org and moved most of the content over to the new wiki. From this starting point the site has continued to grow in both the number of articles and contributors. According to Kojian, some of the more popular sections of the website include the Armenian Hall of Fame, the cookbook "Adventures in Armenian Cooking", and the sections on tourism, the Armenian language, the Diaspora, history and genocide. The tourism and genocide sections are in fact two of the most extensive and most developed on the site. Both house texts gathered from various published sources to bring as in-depth as possible a picture of the subject at hand. The genocide section has hundreds of documented first hand accounts of genocide survivors, and hundreds of newspaper articles from the time of the genocide. You'll also find

Wikileaks: Armenians can’t be defeated by Azerbaijan by Emil Sanamyan "Azerbaijan, even with its focus on improving its military capability, is unlikely anytime soon to structure a force large or wellequipped enough to overcome the terrain advantages enjoyed by the NK Self-Defense Force and the Armenian army," former U.S. Ambassador to Azerbaijan Anne Derse argued at the end of her tenure in Baku. According to the July 2, 2009 cable that is part of Wikileaks cache and was first published by Russkiy Reporter on February 22, Derse believed that Azerbaijan assumed "a much rosier scenario for NK than it has any plausible reason to expect." Derse served as U.S. ambassador to Azerbaijan from 2006 to 2009 and is currently the ambassador to Lithuania. In a January 2009 cable, also published by Russkiy Reporter today, Derse notes that Azerbaijani "President's rhetoric has vastly outpaced the results" of Azerbaijan's military build-up.

The Washington view

Derse's analysis is in line with U.S. assessment of the balance of forces in Karabakh that former U.S. officials and experts have communicated publicly, their views unaffected by Azerbaijan's ballooning military spending expected to top $3 billion in 2011. Ross Wilson, another former U.S. Ambassador to Azerbaijan (2000-2003), and Stephen Blank of the U.S. Army War College offered similar analyses during a panel discussion at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington on February 18. Blank stressed that Ilham Aliyev is "sadly mistaken" if he believes, as he often says

publicly, that Azerbaijan could successfully undertake a military operation to capture Karabakh. Blank suggested that his conclusion was based on an in-depth and recent analysis by a group of Western experts. "Any military campaign will seriously set back Azerbaijan's interests in the region including with respect to solving this [conflict] and I say that in part because I don't think a military effort will succeed," Wilson remarked at an earlier event at Georgetown University. "This is extremely difficult terrain, the Armenians hold the high ground and it is very, very difficult to try to take that kind of territory without truly overwhelming force" which Azerbaijan does not possess, Wilson noted. Wayne Merry, a former State Department and Pentagon official, argued in May 2009 that in addition to the terrain and other physical limitations, Azerbaijan would be facing the Armenian military that has "a clear record of superiority in operational art [that] they would exercise in the inherently advantageous role of defenders of a skillfully prepared position." The realities on the ground "should persuade any rational Azeri not to resort to war. Even the most favorable battlefield outcome would leave Azerbaijan immeasurably worse off than before," Merry wrote. He warned further that "it is not out of the question that the existence of an Azeri state could hang in the balance, as in a major renewed war it might be in the combined interests of Armenia, Russia and Iran to redraw the map of the eastern Caucasus. Unlikely, but history is replete with precedents." (Reporter.am)

entire books covering the genocide on the site, along with documents, treaties and photographic evidence. The tourism provides information on virtually every single possible destination a tourist could hope to visit in Armenia, Karabakh and other parts of historic Armenia. The entire text of the guidebook "Rediscovering Armenia," authored by Brady Kiesling, formerly of the U.S. Embassy in Yerevan and edited by Kojian, is online and free to read, download and edit. The tourism section even covers Armenian sights in places from Singapore and Calcutta

to Romania and France. So if you're traveling anywhere in the world, it doesn't hurt to check and see if there's an Armenian sight there you might be interested in seeing. Next time you google yourself and find your name come up on Armeniapedia, you know why. And if it doesn't, then you know not to fret. You can add a page about yourself, which is encouraged. After all, the goal of the site is to have an article about every single Armenian topic in the world, and every single Armenian in the world. (reporter.am)

New Web Site Chronicles Armenians’ Contributions to Baku The first oil pipeline, the first opera theatre, the first library and many other things in Baku were built by Armenians. The majority of businessmen, architects, doctors and photographers in Baku were Armenian. To chronicle these advances and contribution the Armenian Genocide Museum Institute launched a new Web site called baku.am. T h e s e c t i o n s o n t h e We b s i t e include“History of Baku,” “Lithographic pictures,” “Baku in old postcards,” “Muslims in Baku” and “Armenians in Baku” among others. The purpose of the site is to educate the public about the prosperous past and rich history of the Armenian community of Baku, which was effectively uprooted after Azeri forces drove out the Armenian population through forced deportations and pogroms in 1990.

The site provides basic information about the Armenian cultural, civic and business contributions to the history of Baku. For young Azerbaijanis it will become an alternate source of information. Hayk Demoyan, Director of the Armenian Genocide Museum Institute, explained that the site’s main target is the Azeri youth, which has been raised and educated on revisionist history and xenophobia. Demoyan said the site provides an alternative look at Baku. Demoyan insisted that the Web site is not intended to stir national passions, but rather, it is an avenue through which the past can be acknowledged and will serve as a bridge in promoting peaceful coexistence between two neighbor states.

A group of bloggers have initiated an online petition calling on Georgian authorities to end their rampant discrimination of Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti (Javakhk). The petition, addressed to President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Thorbjørn Jagland and Ban Ki-moon, SecretaryGeneral of the United Nations, highlights that April 17 marks the 1000th day of incarceration of Javakhk Armenian activist Vahagn Chakhalyan, who was arrested on the eve of the Russian-Georgia was and, later, sentenced to 10 years by a Georgian court. “After Vahagn Chakhalyan’s arrest, multidirectional violations of the rights of the Armenian population of Javakheti gained a higher momentum. Thus, the social and political life of the Javakheti Armenians is today totally controlled by security forces. Under the pretext

of improving the knowledge of the Georgian language, measures are officially taken for the quick ‘Georgianisation’ of Armenian schools. Armenian teachers who have the courage to protest against such measures are fired. It is within this atmosphere of general disappointment and boycott that the local elections were rigged in May 2010,” says the petition. “A number of authoritative international organizations, such as the UN Commission on Human Rights and the Council of Europe, frequently urged the Georgian authorities to tackle the problems of the Armenian minority of Georgia and find adequate solutions, but the Georgian government has been constantly ignoring all these calls,” adds the petition. The petition places the following six demands on the international community. You can sign the petition at www.gopetition.com/petition/43282.html

Online Petition Demands Fair Treatment of Javakhk Armenians

Osana Mksy-Artinian AMP Mortgage Specialist

mobile: 416-315-7310 office: 416-490-0607 osana.mksy-artinian@bmo.com

S e r v i n g t h e A r m e n i a n C o m m u n i t y f o r 2 0 Ye a r s

Ara Graphics

ds e nee g a g t or our m rates y l l a ve For petiti m o c les t Bes ir Mi A 0 0 5 up to


NAGORNO KARABAKH

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European Firms Anxious to Invest Millions in Karabakh (RFE/RL)–A group of entrepreneurs from Austria, the Czech Republic and Slovakia offered to invest millions of dollars in the NagornoKarabakh Republic’s economy during a recent visit to Stepanakert. The businessmen met with the republic’s leadership and received a positive response to their plans. According to Ashot Grigorian, the Armenianborn owner of a Slovakian energy consulting firm who organized the trip, they are specifically interested in the local energy, construction and agriculture sectors. He said they would like to start out with pilot projects worth a total of at least $15 million. “For the time being, we are talking about each of the firms investing only several million dollars,” Grigorian said. “But if the process goes well, they will invest more serious sums.” Nagorno-Karabakh Republic President Bako Sahakian was quoted by his office as welcoming the foreign investors visiting Stepanakert and promising to support them. Georgi Petrosian, Karabakh’s foreign minister, meanwhile said the businessmen were unfazed by likely Azerbaijani protests to their

investment plans. “The energy sector is particularly attractive to them because the government of Artsakh (Karabakh) has adopted an exceedingly progressive program,” said Grigorian. “They are going to build a cascade of hydro-electric stations. Artsakh is laying the foundation of a modern energy system that doesn’t exist elsewhere in the South Caucasus.” Under that program, Karabakh will stop importing electricity from Armenia in 2012 and be able to export power generated by its fastflowing rivers in the following years. Ara Harutiunian, the Karabakh prime minister, described “food security and energy independence” as his government’s chief economic priorities in late December. In Grigorian’s words, any new investment in the country will mark a step forward in Karabakh’s drive to gain international recognition. “I think that apart from economic calculations, people in Artsakh should also take into account the fact that when a plant is opened here [by foreigners] it marks a further step towards recognition of their independence,” he said.

Armenia Fund Brings Water to Noragyugh Village in Artsakh

Only three months after the 13th annual Armenia Fund Telethon raised $20.8 million for water projects in Artsakh, residents of Noragyugh in the Askeran region of Artsakh now have regular access to clean drinking water thanks to a new 5km-long pipeline connecting every home in the village to the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’s main water grid. The project, financed by Armenia Fund’s French affiliate and Armenian entrepreneurs in Russia, has proceeded in multiple phases. With the completion of the pipeline and a distribution network, construction crews are now set to begin work on the last leg of the project��the rebuilding of three reservoirs as well as a deep-water well. For many years Noragyugh’s pipeline was in a state of disrepair, with corroded pipes causing extensive water loss. The village received water once every two days, and only for two hours at a time. “We have long waited for the day when

Sarsank dam. Nagorno-Karabakh is looking to develop its hydroelectric power, possibly in conjunction with foreign investors.

Armenia Fund Completes Reconstruction of Shushi Library

water would flow into our homes,” says Mayor Edik Mardyan, reflecting a sentiment shared by all residents. According to the project’s chief engineer, water volume will significantly increase once the improvements are fully completed. “Throughout 2011, thousands of our donors will have the opportunity to see how their contributions help turn the slogan ‘Water Is Life’ into reality,” said Ara Vardanyan, the executive director of the Hayastan All-Armenian Fund. Established in 1966, Noragyugh is Askeran’s largest community, with a population of 1,510. Farming is its main occupation. The village has a modern school and a medical clinic as well as well-built roads. Today, with the village’s water issue resolved, residents believe their community is poised for considerable economic growth in the years ahead.

The Shushi Library began operating in a completely renovated and newly furnished space. The transformation of the venerable landmark, at a cost of approximately $227,000, was sponsored by the Armenia Fund U.S. Western Region. The library now is poised to function as not only an extraordinary destination for reading and research, but a hub for a range of educational and cultural events. It will serve Shushi, Stepanakert, and nearby rural communities, helping enrich the lives of students and the population at large. The project has resulted in a complete makeover of the library, which comprises a twostory main building and a single-level administrative unit. Both structures were reinforced and rebuilt around new floor plans, the roofs were replaced, and the floors were covered variously with ceramic tiles and hardwood. Improvements also include the installation of up-to-date electrical and climatecontrol systems. The people of Shushi have long cherished the dream of seeing their city restored and teeming with Armenian life, says Mikayel Khachatryan, deputy head of the Shushi Administration. Today that dream is becoming reality, through key improvements including rebuilt roads and the refurbished roofs of over ten apartment complexes as well as ongoing redevelopment projects such as the renovation of the Shushi Cultural Center and the Abovyan School, and installation of an internal potablewater network. Khachatryan has high hopes that the Shushi Library will regain its former stature as a regional intellectual center. In the Soviet era, he says, the library had up to 60 visitors a day. It hosted a regular stream of lectures and book presentations featuring renowned authors and

scholars. All that came to a halt with the onset of the Artsakh War. In 1992, when the residents of Shushi returned to their native city, what they found was utter devastation. Now the library’s book collection, comprising over 16,500 volumes, will shortly be moved back to the renovated premises, after having been temporarily stored at the Muratsan School. The management has already taken steps to expand the collection. Another significant addition will be realized thanks to Moscow-based ethnographer Karen Yuzbashyan, who has donated his private collection of ethnographic studies, totaling 265 pieces, to the library. Currently the library employs a staff of seven and the management is seeking a bibliographer. Another top priority is to digitize the entire book collection. “One after the other, redevelopment projects launched in 2009 are coming to fruition,” says Ara Vardanyan, executive director of the Hayastan All-Armenian Fund. “And with the completion of every single initiative, we feel proud for bringing hope and joy to Shushi, as we continue to do our share in helping restore and beautify this magnificent city-fortress of our ancestors.”

AMICI CHAMBER ENSEMBLE Welcomes

young rising star, mezzo-soprano

WALLIS GIUNTA

Sunday, April 3, 3PM Glenn Gould Studio

IN THE SHADOW Beethoven - Twelve Variations on the theme "Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen"from

Mozart's opera, "The Magic Flute" Op. 66, for cello & piano

Louis Spohr - 6 German Songs Op. 103, for voice, clarinet and piano Anton Weber - 3 Little Pieces Op. 11, for cello and piano Carl Frühling - Trio in A minopr Op. 40, for clarinet, cello and piano

SINGLE TICKETS: Adults $45 Senior $40 Student $10 Call Roy Thomson Hall Box Office 416.872.4255

SAVE THE DATE: SUNDAY, JUNE 5 ANNUAL FUNDRAISER @ GRANO 1 - 4PM 416.960.1568 www.amiciensemble.com


2011 24 ¼.زðî î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 65

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How Genocide ...

Canadians and the world at large. The comparative approach will enhance the public’s understanding of the complexities of the gross violation of human rights, promote respect for others, and encourage reflection and dialogue. There is a further benefit, not to say an imperative, to the comparative approach. By exploring genocide in a comparative manner, we can begin to see its patterns. When we see and understand those patterns, we have the ability to predict the conditions by which genocide may occur. Once we have the ability to predict when genocide may occur, then we have the possibility of preventing it. In conclusion, it is recommended that the

лï³ùñùñáõáÕÝ»ñÁ ÏñÝ³Ý ¹ÇÙ»É

CMHR convey, as part of the universal experience, the historical, political and moral lessons of genocide in an inclusive, holistic and comparative manner. Anything less would do a grave disservice to its stated mission and would become of concern to the conscience of all Canadians. In this respect, we should remember the words of Raphael Lemkin, the man who coined the term “genocide” and struggled for the acceptance of the United Nations Genocide Convention, described in his personal memoir his own involvement in this field: “I understood that the function of memory is not only to register past events, but to

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ÂàðàÜÂàÐ²Ú Îº²Üø

ARMENIAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION OF CANADA INC., (AMAC) Presents

27

زðî 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 65

¶²Ü²î²ÚÆ Ð²Ú ²ôºî²ð²Üâ²Î²Ü ÀÜκð²ÎòàôÂôôÜÀ ÎÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óÝ¿`

For the renovation of the Askeran Kindergarten in Karabagh

¾ÈÆ ä¾ðä¾ðº²ÜÆ

êúܲ Úàìê¾öº²Ü SONA HOVSEPYAN (Soprano)

ELIE BERBERIAN (Tenor)

سëݳÏóáõû³Ùµ`

ܲÚÆðÆ ÂàðàÜÂàÚÆ Ð²Ú ºð¶â²ÊàôØ´ÆÜ With the participation of

Saturday, March 26, 2011 at 7:30 p.m. Korean Presbyterian Church 67 Scarsdale Rd. Toronto Tickets:

Adults $25.00,

Students $15.00

For Tickets call:

Arpi Khacherian Khoren Mardoyan Mihran Jizmejian Rosaline Zeitounilian Silva Mouradian

905-305-8144 647-980-9449 416-491-9879 416-754-8130 416-492-6864

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NAYIRI ARMENIAN CHOIR OF TORONTO


2011 28 ¼.زðî î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 65


TorontoHye Newspaper Volume 6, #6-65 - March 2011