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raffi Raffi D. Boghossian, B.A., MVA MVA Associate Broker Market Value Value Appraiser

ö»ÉáëÇ â۳ݹ·Ý»ó³õ ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý ´³Ý³Ó»õÁ øáõ¿³ñÏáõû³Ý ¸Ý»É Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñáõ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñáõ î³Ý ݳ˳·³Ñ Ü»ÝëÇ ö»ÉáëÇ ¸»Ïï»Ùµ»ñ 22-ÇÝ Ù»ñÅ»ó ¹»ÙáÏñ³ï »õ ѳÝñ³å»ï³Ï³Ý ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõ ٻͳٳëÝáõû³Ý Ý»óáõÏÁ í³Û»ÉáÕ ÃÇõ 252 µ³Ý³Ó»õÁ ûñ³Ï³ñ·Ç íñ³Û ¹Ý»É »õ ³Ýáñ ùáõ¿³ñÏáõÃÇõÝÁ Çñ³Ï³Ý³óÝ»É ³Ûë øáÝÏñ»ëÇÝ ûñûù: ²Ûë ³éÃÇõ, ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ð³Û ¸³ïÇ Û³ÝÓݳËáõÙµÇ ³ï»Ý³å»ï ø¿Ý ʳãÇÏ»³Ý Ññ³å³ñ³Ï³Í ¿ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁª ³ñï³Û³Ûï»Éáí ³Ù»ñÇϳѳÛáõû³Ý Ûáõë³Ë³µáõÃÇõÝÝ áõ ½³ÛñáÛÃÁ Ü»ÝëÇ ö»ÉáëÇÇ »õ Ü»ñϳ۳óáõóÇãÝ»ñáõ ï³Ý ¹»ÙáÏñ³ï ջϳí³ñáõû³Ý ѳݹ¿å, áñáÝù ¹ñÅ»óÇÝ Ð³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý µ³Ý³Ó»õÁ ùáõ¿³ñÏáõû³Ý ¹Ý»Éáõ Çñ»Ýó ËáëïáõÙÁ: §Ü³Ë³·³Ñ ö»ÉáëÇÝ Ûëï³Ïûñ¿Ý ³å³Ñáí³Í ¿ñ ³ÝÑñ³Å»ßï ٻͳٳëÝáõÃÇõÝÁ, Çñ³õáõÝùÁ »õ å³ï»ÑáõÃÇõÝÁª Û³çáÕ ³õ³ñïÇ Ñ³ëóÝ»Éáõ ѳٳñ гÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý µ³Ý³Ó»õÇ ùáõ¿³ñÏáõÃÇõÝÁ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ, ³Ý Ù»ñÅ»ó ÃáÛÉ ï³É Ù³ñ¹Ï³ÛÇÝ Çñ³õ³Ýó ³Ûë ûñÇݳ·ÇÍÇ ùáõ¿³ñÏáõÙÁ¦, Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»ó ʳãÇÏ»³Ý: §Ü³Ë³·³Ñ úå³Ù³ÛÇ ËáëïÙݳ¹ñÅáõÙÇ ÉáÛëÇÝ ï³Ï, ö»ÉáëÇÇ ³Ûë ù³ÛÉÁ ÏÁ ˳Ëï¿ ³Ù»ñÇÏ³Ñ³Û ùáõ¿³ñÏáÕÝ»ñáõÝ Ñ³õ³ïùÁª ³é ¹»ÙáÏñ³ï ջϳí³ñáõÃÇõÝÁ¦, Û³ÛïÝ»ó ʳãÇÏ»³Ý, áñ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ, ·Ý³Ñ³ï»ó í»ñçÇÝ ßñç³ÝÇÝ Ð³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³Ýáõû³Ý µ³Ý³Ó»õÇÝ ·ï³Í ½ûñ³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÁª ÿ¯ ùáÝÏñ»ë³Ï³Ý ɳÛÝ ßñç³Ý³ÏÝ»ñáõ »õ ÿ ³Ù»ñÇÏ»³Ý ѳë³ñ³Ï³Ï³Ý ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ÏáÕÙ¿: §Ø»Ýù Ù»ñ ³ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñÁ åÇïÇ ß³ñáõݳϻÝù »õ ³Ù»ñÇϳѳÛáõû³Ý ×Ç·»ñÁ åÇïÇ Ï»¹ñáݳóÝ»Ýù ÙÇÝã»õ áñ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ødzó»³É ܳѳݷݻñÁ ï¿ñ ϳݷÝÇ Çñ µ³ñáÛ³Ï³Ý å³ñï³õáñáõû³Ý ׳ÝãݳÉáí гÛÏ³Ï³Ý ò»Õ³ëå³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ, ÙÇÝã»õ áñ ϳݷݻóáõÇ Ãñù³Ï³Ý áõñ³óáõÙÇ ³ñß³õÁ »õ Ñ³Û ÅáÕáíáõñ¹Ç ¹¿Ù ·áñÍáõ³Í áõ ³Ýå³ïÇÅ Ùݳó³Í á×ÇñÁ ³ñ¹³ñûñ¿Ý ѳïáõóáõǦ, Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ»ó ʳãÇÏ»³Ý:

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EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES

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Volume 6, No. 4 (63), January 2011 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper

¼. î³ñÇ ÂÇõ 4 (63), ÚáõÝáõ³ñ 2011 Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ, ÀÝÏ»ñ³ÛÇÝ, ²Ûɳ½³Ý ä³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃ

BUYING OR SELLING REAL ESTATE

§¶áѳñ¦Ç ³Ýϳ·ÇÝ Üáõ¿ñÁ §ÂáñáÝÃáÑ³Û¦Ç ÀÝûñóáÕÝ»ñáõÝ

§ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ ³Ûë ï³ñÇ Û³ïáõÏ Ó»õáí ÏÁ ßÝáñѳõáñ¿ Çñ ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñáõÝ Üáñ î³ñÇÝ ºõ êáõñµ ÌÝáõݹÁ£ êÇñ»ÉÇ ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñ, Ù»ñ ³Ûë ÃÇõÇÝ Ñ»ï Ó»½Ç ÏÁ ÝáõÇñ»Ýù ³ß˳ñѳÑéã³Ï §¶áѳñ¦ ѳÙáÛÃÇ µ³ñÓñáñ³Ï »õ Ùñó³Ý³Ï³ÏÇñ ï»ë³ÑáÉáí³ÏÁ (DVD), áñ å³ïñ³ëïáõ³Í ¿ µ³ñÓñ ³ñÑ»ëï³·Çï³Ï³Ý ÙÇçáóÝ»ñáí »õ áñ Ï°Áݹ·ñÏ¿ §¶áѳñ¦Ç ³Ù»Ý¿Ý ëÇñáõ³Í »ñ·»ñÁ, áñáÝó µ³é»ñÁ Ý»ñϳ۳óáõ³Í »Ý »ñÏÉ»½áõ (³Ý·Édzï³é »õ ѳۻñ¿Ý) »Ýó·ÇñÝ»ñáí, »õ ï»ëáÕ³Ï³Ý ³ñ¹Ç Ý»ñϳ۳óáõÙáí£ Î³±Û Üáñ î³ñáõ³Ý ³õ»ÉÇ ·»Õ»óÇÏ Ýáõ¿ñ: Üáõ¿ñÁ ëï³ó³Í »Ýù áõÕÕ³ÏÇ §¶áѳñ¦Ç å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõÝ»ñ¿Ýª ³é Ç ·Ý³Ñ³ï³Ýù »õ ù³ç³É»ñ³Ýù §ÂáñáÝÃáÑ³Û¦Ç ÑÝ·³Ù»³Ûª ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý Ù³ÙÉáÛ »õ Ùß³ÏáÛÃÇ Ñ³Ý¹¿å ͳé³Ûáõû³Ý£ ²Ûë ³éÇÃáí, Ù»ñ ËáñÇÝ ßÝáñѳϳÉáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ Û³ÛïÝ»Ýù §¶áѳñ¦Ç Ù»Í ÁÝï³ÝÇùÇÝ, Û³ïϳå¿ë ³Ýáñ Ñáí³Ý³õáñª ïÇÏÇÝ ¶áѳñ ʳã³ïáõñ»³ÝÇÝ

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L IST ...S ELL ...B UY Full-Time Award Winning Real Estate Professionals With Proven Results Call Today For A Complimentary Market Evaluation

Jack Kakousian

Armen Krikorian

Broker

416-997-2231 www.jackkakousian.com

Sales Representative

EXPERTS INC., BROKERAGE Independently Owned & Operated

Office: 416-444-7755

MULTIPLE LISTING SERVICE

416-885-8345 www.armenhomes.com

Ø»ñ ÷áñÓ³éáõû³Ùµ å³ïñ³ëï »Ýù Áݹ³é³ç»Éáõ Ó»ñ ³éáõͳËÇ å¿ïù»ñáõÝ


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416-822-0706

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REALTY EXECUTIVES EXPERTS INC. Brokerage. Independently Owned and Operated

Viken Krikorian Broker of Record / Owner

Sis Nercessian

Client Care Manager / Administrator


ÂàðàÜÂàÐ²Ú Îº²Üø

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§ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ã¿ Çñ ¿ç»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ͳÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñáõ µáí³Ý¹³Ïáõû³Ý: Ø»½Ç ÛÕáõ³Í µáÉáñ ÃÕóÏóáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÝ áõ ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ »ÝÃ³Ï³Û »Ý áñáß ËÙµ³·ñáõÙÇ: RBC Royal Bank

Khoren Mardoyan Mobile Mortgage Specialist Royal Bank of Canada Tel: 647-980-9449 Fax: 416-289-0352

When it comes to your mortgage, it is important to make sure you get the home you really want with flexible financing solutions that are right for you.

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ø³Õ³ùÝ Áݹ³ñÓ³ÏáõáõÙ ¿ñ, ϳéáõóõáõÙ ¿ÇÝ Ýáñ ß¿Ýù»ñ ï»Õ³Ï³Ý ßÇݳÝÇõÃÇ û·ï³·áñÍٳٵ: ÞáõßÇÇ ³ñÑ»ëï³õáñÝ»ñÇ ³ñï³¹ñ³ÝùÁ µ³õ³ñ³ñáõÙ ¿ñ ÇÝãå¿ë ù³Õ³ùÇ, ³ÛÝå¿ë ¿É Ù»ñÓ³Ï³Û µÝ³Ï³í³Ûñ»ñÇ å³Ñ³Ýç³ñÏÁ: ²Ûëûñ ù³Õ³ùáõÙ å³ïÏ»ñÝ ³ÛÉ ¿: ²ß˳ï³ï»Õ»ñÇ Ù»Í Ù³ëÁ µÇõç»ï³ÛÇÝ Ï³½Ù³Ï»ñåáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÙ ¿: Þáõß»óÇ Î³ñ³å»ï ì³ñ¹³Ý»³ÝÁ å³ï»ñ³½ÙÇ Ù³ëݳÏÇóÝ»ñÇó ¿ »õ ³Ûëûñ ¿É ·áñͳ½áõñÏ ¿. §üǽÇÏ³Ï³Ý ³ß˳ï³Ýù ã»Ù ³ÝáõÙ, ³éáÕçáõÃÇõÝë ãÇ Ý»ñáõÙ, »Ã» ɳõ ÉÇÝ¿Ç ÑáÕ³·áñÍáõû³Ùµ ÏÁ ½µ³Õáõ¿Ç: 92-Çó Û»ïáÛ áõÙ ³åñ»É³Ï»ñåÁ å³Ï³ë-åé³ï ¿ñ, ·³ÉÇë ¿ñ ÞáõßÇ: ¾Ý Å³Ù³Ý³Ï ù³Õ³ùÁ ÉñÇõ ³õ»ñ³Ï ¿ñ: àã ·áñͳñ³Ý ϳñ, áã ÙÇ ³ß˳ï³ï»Õ ãϳñ, ÑÇÙ³ ·áÝ¿ ùÇã-ÿ ß³ï ϳÝ: ¸¿, ¿¹ ßÇݳñ³ñáõû³Ý Ù¿ç ·áÝ¿ ïÕ³Ù³ñ¹ÇÏ Ï³ñáÕ »Ý ³ß˳ï»É, Ç Ñ³ñÏ¿, áí Ç íÇ׳ÏÇ ¿¦: ºõ ãÝ³Û³Í ÞáõßÇáõÙ ³éÏ³Û µ³½Ù³ÃÇõ ãÉáõÍáõ³Í ËݹÇñÝ»ñÇÝ, ù³Õ³ùÝ ³Ûëûñ, Çëϳå¿ë, í»ñ³ÍÝáõݹ ¿ ³åñáõÙ: ØÝáõÙ ¿ ÙdzÛÝ Ûáõë³É, áñ ßÇݳñ³ñ³Ï³Ý »éáõ½»éÁ áñ»õ¿ Ï»ñå ãÇ ³½¹Ç ³Ûë Ûáõß³ñÓ³Ý-ù³Õ³ùÇ ³ñï³ùÇÝ ï»ëùÇÝ£ â¿ áñ ÞáõßÇÝ áã ÙdzÛÝ ³ñó³Ë»³Ý ³½³ï³·ñ³Ï³Ý å³Ûù³ñÇ ³Ù»Ý³Ù»Í í³ëï³ÏÝ»ñÇó Ù¿ÏÝ ¿, ³ÛÉ Ý³»õ ųٳݳϳÏÇó ²ñó³ËÇ ³Ù»Ý³Ï³ñ»õáñ ½µûë³ßñç³ÛÇÝ Ï»ÝïñáÝÝ»ñÇó Ù¿ÏÁ:

ÞáõßÇ ø³Õ³ùÇ ì»ñ³Ï³éáõóÙ³Ý ²ß˳ï³ÝùÝ»ñÇó

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ÝÁ:²é³çÇÝ Û³ñÏáõÙ ï»Õ³Ï³Ûáõ³Í ¿ ïáÙë»ñÇ í³×³éùÇ ë»Ý»³Ï, ë³ÝѳݷáÛó »õ ëñ׳ñ³ÝÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ ݳ˳ï»ëáõ³Í ï³ñ³Íù: ºñÏñáñ¹ j³ñÏáõÙ Ï³Û 6 ë»Ý»³Ï, áñáÝóÇó »ñ»ùÁ û·ï³·áñÍáõ»É »Ý áñå¿ë å³Ñ»ëï, ÙÇõë »ñ»ùÁ` áñå¿ë ï»ë³ÝÇõûñÇ ¨ ýÇÉÙ»ñÇ å³Ñáó: ºññáñ¹ Û³ñÏÁ ÷³Ï ¿: âáññáñ¹ Û³ñÏÁ í»ñ³Ýáñá·áõ»É ¿ 4 ï³ñÇ ³é³ç, áñï»Õ ݳ˳ï»ëáõ³Í ¿ ëï»ÕÍ»É Ó³Ûݳ·ñÙ³Ý ëïáõ-

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TORONTO ARMENIANS

ÚàôÜàô²ð 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

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The Progress Of The Construction Works At The Armenian Community Centre of Toronto Interview with Construction Committee member Krikor Chitilian

The main entrance of the ACC under heavy construction work. Q. For a few months now, the Armenian Community Centre is undergoing major renovations. Can you give us an idea about the current construction phase? How much have you accomplished so far and what remains to be done. A. Our initial construction budget was 3.2 million for the whole project. But when the original bids came over our budget, we were obliged to cut certain work areas from our original renovation plan. When we went out for bids a second time with modified plans, the bids were good and we added back most of the remodelling of the interior - the pit and cafeteria area- as a second contract. Thus, we were able to bring almost all of the planned renovations within our original construction budget. As of now, the work on contract No1 is about 50% complete, most of the exterior workfoundations, exterior wall, structural steel and roofing- is done, and the building is enclosed TIO N A L A R NA M

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for the interior finishes to continue without the adverse effects of winter. The work on contract No 2 (renovations of the pit and cafeteria areas) started just a few weeks ago and we are already about 20% complete. This portion of the work is completely interior work and as such is not affected by the weather. Our plan is to have both contract works complete by the end of March 2011. As you may know this was the original deadline for the stimulus funding grant; however, as of last month, the Government made an announcement extending this deadline. Q. The ACC is closed down right now. How are you accommodating the needs of various organizations that conduct their weekly activities at ACC? A. Any major construction or renovation work in an existing and operating facility would be disruptive and extremely difficult. For the last

Armenian National Committee of Toronto (JANUARY 2011 UPDATE)

ANCT Remembers the 5th Anniversary ANCT Town Hall Meetings ANCT is introducing regular town hall-style of the Destruction of the Djulfa Cemetery

meetings for the community. These meetings will take place every few months, and will serve to better inform community members regarding ANCT’s initiatives. The meeting will also allow community members to give feedback and become more involved with certain projects, leading to a more interactive participation from the community. The first ANCT Town Hall is scheduled for January 14, 2011, at 8:00 pm, inside the Armenian Youth Centre theatre. The guest speaker will be Rob Oliphant, MP for Don Valley West, who will share his experiences from his trip to Armenia this past September. We encourage all those interested in ANCT MP Martha Hall Findlay Remembers the and its work, to attend. Khachkars

December 15, 2010 marked the 5th anniversary of the destruction of khachkars (“stone crosses”) in the Djulfa cemetery by the Azerbaijani government. ANCT commemorated the attack by issuing a press release and bringing up the matter with several politicians. On December 5, 2010, the AAAS published a case study titled “High-Resolution Satellite Imagery and the Destruction of Cultural Artifacts in Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan”. This recent report further documents the destruction in Djulfa through clear satellite imagery.

On December 15, 2010, Martha Hall Findlay, MP for Willowdale, and friend of the Canadian Armenian community, made a statement in the House of Commons marking the fifth anniversary of the destruction of the khachkars in the Djulfa cemetery. Describing it as "a significant loss of history and culture", she commended the work of the Armenian-Canadian community in trying to preserve and celebrate Armenian culture. Her statement can be viewed on the ANCT youtube page (anctoronto).

Subscribe to ANCT’s Frequent Donor Program We need your help to help advance the Armenian Cause. While we may never win the “money war” against our opponents, every little bit helps to increase our resources and ability to leverage the activism of our community members. Please consider making a lasting relationship with ANCT by signing up for recurring donations through our safe and secure Frequent Donor Program.

The transformation of ACC is underway right through the winter. 6 months, we had the community centre partly operational and the various organizations conducted their day-to-day operations from the facility. The banquet hall and the kitchen were out of commission as of the first week of December. After the award of the second contract, the community centre was shut down completely, and the organizations were notified to hold their day to day activities at the Armenian Youth Centre at 50 Hallcrown Place. The school operation was impacted minimally during this construction work since June 2010. We apologize to all the parents and the students who had to put up with the traffic and parking problems, particularly during parking lot renovations and resurfacing. Q. And with the advance of winter, will the cold weather impede the works or not? A. The only area that has been adversely impacted by the cold weather is the traffic circle in front of the church, which the contractor

could not complete due to earlier than expected snow fall and cold weather conditions. This area is to be paved with interlocking paving stones, and with the frost penetration into the ground this may not be completed for a while. The other affected area is the new front entrance of the community centre. The glass curtain wall and the new entry system have longer delivery periods and we may have to keep a temporary enclosure in the front for another few weeks, but the work on the inside will continue with this temporary enclosure. Q. When do you expect the renovation work to end? A. We are hopeful that both contractors will perform to our expectations and complete the construction work by the end of March 2011. The only questionable area will be the traffic circle at the entry, which may take another couple of weeks, for the interlock stones to be installed.

Celebrate Canada’s Winter With AYF’s Winterfest

by Katya Der Hovagimian

What is the perfect cold winter day? For some people, it entails cozying up indoors by a fire with warm chestnuts, a hot drink, and great company. For others it’s about enjoying the beautiful scenery Canada has to offer; being outdoors and experiencing the one time of the year where walking on water is very much possible. For members of the Armenian Youth Federation the perfect winter day is the possibility of doing both. Toronto, with its snow-covered streets, makes for a landscape with endless possibilities. Whether you enjoy being in the action or sitting back and taking in the scenery, AYF Winterfest is the place for you. Winterfest, hosted by the Armenian Youth Federation of Toronto, will be held on February 4th and 5th at the Armenian Youth Centre. AYF members have been paramount in uniting both young and old under the same roof for many years. They have built a reputation within the community as being the best event coordinators and over the years they have yet to disappoint. The hard-working and diligent youth volunteer time out of their busy schedules to serve their community and plan functions for the sole purpose of keeping the culture alive. With a vast resume of successful events which include their annual dinner-dance featuring some of the top singers in Armenia and Diaspora; their annual Christmas Disco with the best DJs in Toronto; and their bi-annual KEM Show, the AYF is sure to make Winterfest a memorable weekend event and another annual tradition. Living in Toronto, dubbed by the United Nations as the most multicultural city in the

world, Armenian youths have the good fortune of being equally members of our own culture as well as citizens of Canada; this is what Winterfest is all about. It is the marriage of 2 cultures that represent who these members of AYF are, both equally Armenian and Canadian. The 2-day festival is open for everyone young and old, from those who thrive in the outdoors, to those who prefer cozying up inside with a warm beverage. There is something for everyone. For the athletes: a skating rink perpendicular to the 401, built by the hands of the AYF engineers will be set up outside for recreation as well as a 3 on 3 hockey tournament (Saturday, February 5th - but please bring your own skates). There will also be a wide variety of activities and games for children. For the art lovers, there will be a live ice sculptor on site. Those who prefer sitting by the fire will enjoy the live pyrotechnics by The Fire Guy who is set to perform on the Friday night. The music lovers will have a feast. Armenian superstar Sako from L.A is scheduled to serenade the crowd on Saturday night with his originals tracks as well as other Armenian hits; Toronto’s own Sassoun Dance Ensemble will grace the stage with popular Armenian dances that they have performed while touring across Armenia this past summer; the colourful Native Canadian dance group, The True North Strong and Free, accompanied by a 4 man drumming group, will paint the stage on Friday night with authentic Canadian sounds; and there will also be other performances by local bands. For those who prefer remaining indoors, or seeking shelter from the cold for a little while, the large heated tent with a wide variety of food and beverages is the destination.


2011 20¼.ÚàôÜàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

TORONTO ARMENIANS

(Sunday, November 23, 2010, CBC Glenn Gould Studio, Toronto)

Amici Ensemble’s LEVANT

by Stanley Fefferman This exhilarating program of music by 20th Century composers was inspired by the notion of ‘Levant’, i.e. ‘land of the rising sun’, which in France around 1497 indicated the Balkans and the Middle East. This afternoon, ‘Levant’ indicated music based on Arabic scales that alter the flats and sharps we are used to in Western European music, giving Balkan, Middle Eastern, Klezmer and Spanish Gypsy music— all derived in part from Arabic roots—a distinctive exotic flavour. Marko Tajcevic’s Seven Balkan Dances for clarinet, cello, and piano is an elegant gallery of miniatures. In the first one, behind the drone of the cello (David Hetherington) we hear the jingle of ankle-bells in the trilling of the piano (Serouj Kradjian) and clarinet (Joaquin Valdepeñas). The second dance is more vigorous and dramatic, like Bartok’s “Bear Dance,” with a charming touch of Klezmer in the clarinet part. The third has changing time signatures and sounds like the querulous dialogue of complaining lovers. The fourth is mournful, the cello singing a dirge to a lonely piano. The fifth is a quick-step celebration, the sixth is funny—like a sad clown, and the seventh is a wild, whirling march. Ben Bowman sat in for Gayaneh Tchebodarian’s Trio for violin, cello and piano. This female Armenian composer is known for her dramatic but melancholy style, and true to form, this piece opens with a dancing piano melody at odds with the percussive and bittersweet voices of the other instruments. A passage recalling Alexander Borodin’s theme from the second movement of his String Quartet in D (popularized as “Baubles, Bangles, and Beads” in the musical Kismet) broadens the emotional flow in the direction of romance, and the climax of the work is wild.

L-R: Benjamin Bowman (violin), Serouj Kradjian (piano), David Hetherington (cello), Joaquin Valdepenas (clarinet). This same trio of musicians performed Rabin Abu Khalil’s darkly passionate Iberian tango-flavoured Arabian Waltzrio, a lively, wellstructured work in veiled 3/4 time. Following that, Serouj Kradjian perfomed solo the eponymous highlight of the concert, Osvaldo Golijov’s Levante, a vaguely deconstructed suite of Cuban rhythms that morphs into a tango. There is more weird humour in the fact that Golijov arranged this piano work from a chorus he’d written for his Requiem,The Passion of St. Mark, introducing the scene of the Last Supper. Serouj’s masterful control of the dancing change-ups of tempo and mood suggested that ‘The’ Supper was quite a party where possibly in a corner of the room you might see Xavier Cugat cupping Pepito his chihuahua. The second half of the concert offered more traditional works, all superbly played, including Alexander Glazunov’s Oriental

Reverie for clarinet and string quartet. This is a tightly textured fabric of sound as if woven of linen and wool embroidered with silk that dissolves into the transparency of silence after a thrilling viola solo by Steven Dann. We also enjoyed Prokofiev’s Overture on Hebrew Themes, Op. 34 for clarinet, string quartet & piano, which featured Klezmer themes and some very warm clarinet work by Valdepeñas. One of the more substantial and interesting works was the Trio for violin, cello and piano (1975) by the recently deceased Syrian composer Solhi Al-Wadi. The first movement is memorable for the quirky ostinato rhythm behind a theme that references Shostakovich’s signature 8th String Quartet. The slow movement is dissonant and mournful—the strings buzz like an autumnal fly dying over piano chords that pound out doom like shutters in the wind. After a lively dissonant dance, the mournful complaint reappears in the keening

strings, fixing the attention and allowing it to fade away into a kind of peace. The peaceful aspect of the afternoon’s musical offering was surely highlighted by three of the Sacred Dances for solo piano attributed to the Armenian mystic George Gurdjieff. The phrases of the first one are arranged in balanced pairs that move in a stately gait suggesting a narrative dialogue that develops like a border ballad—by incremental repetition. The second is hushed with bright highlights as Kradjian’s trilling right hand ripples over an hypnotic ostinato. The third sends a tender, penetrating energy through the mind, arouses a sense of cheefulness, and evokes a definitive silence. Mr. Kradjian for his part approached the material respectfully, displaying a technique that seemed the very definition of gentle dynamics. (Showtimemagazine.ca/ November 22, 2010)

CABC Business Dinners In 2010, the Canada-Armenia Business Council of Ontario (CABC) held two business dinners. On November 18, the guest speaker was Natalie Jikerjian, a Cambridge University-certified Business Etiquette Expert. The interactive presentation titled “The Etiquette Advantage in Business” provided the nearly sold-out crowd at Spirale Banquet Hall an opportunity to gain insights about the benefits of personal skills for professional success. During her presentation, Jikerjian, a spokesperson and senior corporate communications manager with TD Bank, covered numerous aspects of business etiquette, including: dining, BlackBerry and email etiquette, the "winning" hand shake, appropriate dress code, and customs for doing business in a variety of countries. Jikerjian, a former journalist with experience appearing on various Canadian media programs, encouraged guests to participate in business etiquette role-play demonstrations and spoke about the importance of presenting oneself with the right kind of polish that can be taken seriously in business environments. "Natalie’s enthusiastic approach made the event one of our most successful seminars of the year,” said Vazken Terzian, a CABC Board member. “As the modern business industry becomes more and more competitive, we want to ensure our members have the winning advantage by offering productive networking events like this one.” On September 22, over 100

members attended the CABC dinner featuring Virginia L. Davies. Davies, a former Torontonian of Armenian heritage, is a lawyer by profession involved in the fields of economics and finance, as well as in international women’s issues. She has held influential positions such as consultant to International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and to The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and vice President for United Nations Foundation. Her presentation was titled “What We Must Do - The necessary and evolving role of the Canadian Armenian business leaders in Armenia Nation building” CABC board member Vazken Terzian introduced Davies, highlighting her great contributions to Hai-Tad activities and to the Kashatagh region of Artsakh. Davies spoke of the business environment constraints, export trade comparisons, gender issues, corruption and financial concerns of the Republic of Armenia, followed by the international political status of Artsakh as not being a case of secession, rather as the right of self-determination and statehood. The purpose of the CABC is to draw upon the collective Armenian heritage along with the entrepreneurial or general business strengths of its members in order to increase the communication and co-operation between Armenians in business.

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Virginia L. Davies (R) and Natalie Jikerjian during their presentations.

Attendants follow Jikerjian’s presentation.

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ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

ÚàôÜàô²ð 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

21

Interview with Documentary Filmmaker Bared Maronian

“Orphans Of The Genocide” Explores A New Angle On The Armenian Genocide Florida-based Bared Maronian is a four-time Emmy and multi Telly award winning producer. He has post-produced national and local (Miami area) documentaries, TV programs and concerts in English and Spanish for the PBS Network. His productions have aired on over 250 TV stations throughout the US. He has also produced a number of thematically Armenian documentaries. His “The Wall Of The Genocide” was selected by the 11th Annual ARPA Film Festival in 2007 as well as being a Telly and a Communicator award winner for excellence in TV/Film production. His latest film, “Orphans of the Genocide” is a documentary dedicated to the more than 150,000 Armenian orphans of the Genocide. Here’s TorontoHye’s recent interview with Maronian: Q- How did the idea of making a film on the orphans of the Armenian Genocide first come about? A-In March of 2010 I received an article titled “Living Proof of the Armenian Genocide” by British journalist Robert Fisk published in The Independent. It was about Antoura orphanage in Lebanon, where at the turn of the century one thousand Armenian genocide orphans were being turkified under the auspices of the Fourth Commander of the Ottoman Army, Ahmad Djemal Pasha. Upon reading the article, I realized the strength of the story which was based on the findings of independent researcher Missak Kelechian, who was able to scientifically prove that a current High School building in Lebanon was once a turkification center operated by Ottoman authorities. I immediately contacted my two co-producer friends, Bedo Der-Bedrossian and Paul Andonian, and we agreed on producing a piece but we didn't know where to start until a few days later at an Armenian National Committee function where 87 year old American born ‘Vanetsi’ Eddy Aprahamian got up and asked the speaker, why don’t Armenian organizations bring up the Armenian orphans issue at international tribunals? If there are tens of thousands of documented genocide orphans, then what happened to their parents…?” he asked. Hearing Mr. Aprahamian’s comments I thought “that’s the angle of our documentary” and everything seemed to fit in my mind. I immediately contacted Mr. Kelechian, who has an amazing knowledge of Armenian Genocide documentation and archival material, and we interviewed him in Beirut Lebanon. Consequently we contacted Armenian General Benevolent Union in New York and Armenian Relief Society in Boston for archival material. Both organizations made their archives available to us and the outcome was our 18 minute long “Orphans of the Genocide”. Q-Why did you decide to expand the short version into a long one? A-The first public screening of the film was on April 24, 2010 at a joint Armenian Genocide Commemoration event in Hollywood, Florida, at the presence of close to 350 people. The response was overwhelming. People approached us and told us how important our work was and how important it was for us to expand it and make it available to the general public. That did it. We immediately widened the scope of our research and contacted experts in the field and embarked on our new mission. Q-In the “Orphans of the Genocide”, you talk about 150,000 orphans, who were scattered throughout the Middle East and Europe after the Genocide. Have you been able so far to locate the major orphanages and what can you say about their fate in general? A-150,000 is an extremely conservative figure. There are 132,000 documented Armenian genocide orphans and this documentation was recorded and managed by a third party organization called Near East Relief, a United States Congress commissioned humanitarian entity. By some accounts there were as many as 200 orphanages housing Armenian genocide orphans. There are ample studies with detailed information on the daily operations of those orphanages. Most of them had humanitarian intent, such as the orphanages funded and/or operated by NER and other European

countries. Their mission was to gather, feed and house the parentless Armenian children. Here, it’s worth mentioning the selfless efforts of Armenian Red Cross (ARS) and AGBU members. There were also other kinds of orphanages, which were nothing but turkification centers operated by Ottoman Turks. We were able to locate and film the remnants of at least one example of each type of orphanage in the Middle East and to study visual and written official documents. On May 15, 1919 a joint declaration signed by the spiritual leaders of the Armenian Evangelical Church, the Armenian Catholic

the Armenian Genocide? A-Orphans are the inevitable byproducts of any genocide. Genocide orphans ought to be of universal interest. By telling the story of these Armenian genocide orphans, in fact we are telling the stories of all genocide orphans and addressing all parties involved. After all, this is a human story and we focus on the human factor of the story and not just the informational aspect of it. Over ninety percent of scholars already agree that the Armenian Genocide is a fact and our job as documentary filmmakers in addition to relaying the facts is to depict the horrific experiences that those orphans lived through: they all had to lose at

A rare photo of the 850 Armenian orphans in the Baquba orphanage, Iraq, in early 1920’s.

Catholicos Sagah II visits AGBU run Kelekian Orphanage in Beirut, Lebanon, AGBU Archives. Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church in Istanbul states that on that day there were 70,000 parentless Armenian children that needed immediate humanitarian care. If we add this number to NER’s 132,000, the sum will largely exceed our conservative 150,000. We believe that what we’ve discovered so far is only the tip of the iceberg and the actual figures are yet to be determined by experts. Q-In what ways do you believe the film will contribute to raising awareness towards

least one parent if not both. They had to starve. They had to walk hundreds of miles in the scorching heat of the desert. Some had to resort to cannibalism; others had to live with the fear of becoming prey to another. Many were abducted and were used as slaves or abused in harems… but all had to lose their identity and dignity one way or another. In our studies, we strive to research and explore to tell the untold stories of these orphans, and to our surprise some of those orphans who experienced the horrors of the genocide turned out to be as close as a friend’s

next of kin or the grandparents of a friend’s friend. By having the universality of genocide as an approach, we believe that we are raising awareness towards the Armenian Genocide and all genocides. Q-What are some of the difficulties that you’ve encountered while working on this project? A- An undertaking such as this one sounds very daunting and ambitious. Daunting because we started off with a very humble budget and that’s due to the economic crisis. Ambitious, because we are dealing with a story that took place about a hundred years ago, where photos and written documents were scarce. However, thanks to my team members and friends we are locating and studying crucial information. Once in a while we get emails or phone calls from fellow Armenians who happen to have documents regarding Armenian genocide orphans and they share those documents with us. We also partner with Armenian organizations for additional research and fundraisers. We have visited a few cities in the US and Canada and the Middle East and the support of those communities is highly encouraging. Our major setback is monetary. We have become experts in working with shoestring budgets without compromising quality or content in our work and constantly maintaining high production values. The nomination of the 7 minute version “Orphans of the Genocide” for an Emmy by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Sun Coast Chapter attests to that. Q-This is not the first time that you’ve been nominated for an Emmy. Can you give us an idea about your previous works? A- I’ve worked for local, regional and national PBS mainly in English and Spanish programming. I believe I’ve been lucky enough to work with great professionals throughout my production and broadcasting career and the outcome has been four Emmy Awards plus a number of other awards, nominations and recognitions, but the most rewarding one so far has been the nomination of the 7 minute version of “Orphans of the Genocide” for an Emmy. Our previous works include “Wall of the Genocide”, a Telly Award winner, which is a poetic presentation of the Armenian Historical timeline from the day Noah’s Arc landed on Mount Ararat to the day Hrant Dink was murdered. “Komitas Hayrig”, another Telly award winner, is about the impact of the Genocide on Armenian clergy with a focus on Komitas Vartabed and Khrimian Hayrig. It is worth noting our current Emmy nomination was a hard one to achieve since our budget was extremely low and we were in a category that required six or seven figure budgets. Also, for the first time in the history of this region, a thematically Armenian documentary got nominated for an Emmy. Now we are focused on the completion of our one hour “Orphans of the Genocide”. I believe with our dynamic team, friends of the Armenoid Team and the support of our generous sponsors and donors, we will bring our project to fruition and make the untold story of the Armenia Genocide orphans available to the public at large.


2011 22 ¼.ÚàôÜàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

ARMENIA

Armenia’s Chess Success:

by Armen Bedakian Armenians take their chess very seriously. The game of back and forth strategized movements, which is played by young children and elderly gentlemen alike, is Armenia’s national obsession. For some, it is a pastime, one that is readily available, always encouraged, and, in its most basic form, fun to play. Yet, for thousands of Armenians, chess is an opportunity to display the power of the human mind, and, most importantly, it provides a chance for Armenia to once again put itself on the map. Armenia currently boasts 39 Grandmasters in both men’s and women’s chess. With so much international success and fame, what’s the secret of the relationship Armenian’s have with the game of chess? To understand this unique relationship, one must first understand the past. Soviet Russia used chess as propaganda, to demonstrate to its entire population that communism was the superior form of government. Chess subliminally slammed capitalism under the premise that, if all pieces do their job and work together, the whole side wins. This is evident in the game, as every piece on the board contributes to its black or white coloured side, oftentimes through selfsacrifice. Propaganda, however, turned into an art form. What separated Armenians from the rest of the Soviet Union - and Europe for that matterwas the desire to be the very best. Through discipline and hard-work, the simple game has transformed into something much bigger. The support Armenians show for Grandmasters and up-and-coming players is globally unprecedented. One fan of the game, Ludvig Sharoian, tells AFP, “Armenians are absolutely crazy for chess. When your country is good at something, of course people are going to be very supportive. And Armenians are very good at chess.” It’s not just a case, however, of being good at a game. Having gone through multiple wars, natural disasters and instances of political instability, chess offers Armenians a much needed breath of fresh air. It’s a chance to show the world another side of the nation by positive achievements. There’s no “underdog” story here; players from Armenia are generalized as threats immediately by their opposition. President Serj Sarkisyan said of the game, “We don't want people to know Armenia just for the earthquake and the genocide, we would rather it was famous for its chess."

A Story of Past, Present and Future It’s this very chance to boast skill and dominance that has captivated the people. This confidence-building game will be crucial as Armenia continues to grow, and growth, it seems, is well on its way.

The Golden Era: Past and Present

Even half a century ago, chess represented a chance at global dominance for Armenia. No one better exemplified this than Grandmaster Tigran Petrosian. The “Iron Tigran” - whose seven year long span as World Champion (1963-1969) made him an Armenian icon – defeated his fellow Soviets and claimed his first World Championship in 1963. Since then, Tigran’s style of play, a conservative, safety first approach, has been adopted by numerous players around the world; to this day, many regard Tigran as one of the greats in the history of the sport. Petrosian was the catalyst for the growth of chess in Armenia. His success paved the way for young Armenian players; parents used to name their newborns after him. He was undeniably a celebrity in his own right. A more recent chess giant is the famous Garry Kasparov, born of an Armenian mother. Kas was the world’s #1 ranked player almost continuously for nearly 20 years before he retired in 2005. No other player has come close to this record. The history of the game is written with Petrosian and Kasparov as anchors of its tale. It is this mix of past success and the promise for future glory that captivates the people of Armenia and motivates the current wave of aspiring players. In the modern era of the game, Grandmaster and World Blitz 2010 Champion Levon Aronian takes center stage. Having won numerous awards from the U-12 level and up, Aronian capped off an incredible year by not only winning the 2010 TAL Memorial chess tournament, but by also placing first in the World Blitz Championship. His successes can be attributed to his aggressive playing style, which strays away from the traditional Petrosian-era “defense first” approach. Bold, brave and almost cocky Aronian is treated like a rock-star in Armenia and is its brightest shining star. Having someone like Aronian for young children to look up to is crucial if the sport is to remain prominent in the nation. The cycle of growth, it seems, did not stop with Petrosian and will not stop with Aronian either.

Looking To the Future

As acclaimed as the players of the past

Aroyan contemplating a move. and present are, it’s the future generation that will truly establish Armenia as a consistent chess nation. Luckily, success at the youth level has not been hard to come by. Armenia’s U-16 team celebrated its fourth consecutive victory, subsequently becoming World Champions once again. The appetite for success is quickly becoming insatiable. After all, you can never be too successful. Finding the next chess superstar has become a clear priority for Armenia. In Yerevan’s center square lies the “Tigran Petrosian Chess House” where there is always someone waiting to play. Ranging between amateurs and international chess players, this four-story building is sacred ground for some. It is a place where legends are made and great minds are always in abundance. Schools across Yerevan, funded by the Armenian government, teach young minds the game of chess, nurturing any apparent talent in hopes for a breakout, a prodigal son of the sport. Arshak Petrosian, currently the head coach of the Armenian national chess team, believes the next generation of Armenian chess player will eclipse those who came before them. So vigorous is the search for the next superstar that it seems the entire nation is working towards nurturing these young minds. Consider that chess players have a government

Samuel Sevian Youngest US Chess Master Ever

Emmy to Represent Armenia at Eurovision 2011 Armenian pop star Emma Bejanyan, better known as Emmy, will represent Armenia in the 2011 Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) in Dusseldorf, Germany, from May 10-14. The president of the Council of Public Television and Radio Company of Armenia, Alexan Harutyunyan, announced the council’s decision on Dec. 11. “Emmy is ready to participate in the song contest,” Harutyunyan told journalists. We should take sides with her and do our utmost for Armenia to make a perfect performance.” Although the singer has been preselected, the song will still be voted on during a live televised Final National Selection in February. All songs must be submitted for consideration by Jan. 15. During the Final National Selection, the 10 top songs will be presented to the television audience to be voted on by SMS and jury. According to ESC Armenia, songs must be in Armenian and/or English; can be up to 3 minutes long; must convey positive emotions; must not be political or commercial; and cannot have been commercially released or performed in public prior to Sept. 1, 2010.

“I left that behind me” In the 2010 National Final, Emmy and rapper Mihran lost to the Russian-Armenian Eva Rivas in what Emmy’s fans called unfair circumstances. Emmy, and her mother, went public with accusations of foul play. Nadezhda Sargsyan, Emmy’s mother, threatened to take the matter to court. She claimed that soon after the 15-minute SMS voting started, some names were blocked, and consequently some of the contestants, like her daughter, lost. Now, the singer says she has put the past behind her, and holds no grudge for her loss to Rivas in the 2010 National Final. “I have been hurt many times before, but I always left that behind me. I am not taking back the words that I said. It’s a contest. There were people who were cleverer and managed to go to Eurovision,” Emmy was quoted as saying. In 2008, Sirusho, was also internally selected and made it to fourth place in the ESC— the best result yet for Armenia. Emmy has a solid fan base in Armenia and is considered a pop star. She was once a

see page 29 Emmy

wage on top of their substantial prize money, and we can see that chess is something that the government publicly backs. For children in Armenia, chess has been thoroughly integrated into their everyday life. It’s included in the physical education curriculum of the school board, all the while supplemented by afterschool chess classes and clubs. President Sarkisyan – who is also the president of the Armenian Chess Federation – is also pushing for the introduction of chess as a mandatory class in school. Young players who choose to pursue chess as a career are provided with training facilities and development programs. As the chess community continues to grow in Armenia, the responsibility now lies on the shoulders of youth. They’ll take inspiration from past and present icons like Tigran Petrosian and Levon Aronian, while Armenian chess fans can rest easy knowing that the nation’s chess standard will be in safe hands. The success the Armenian chess masters have garnished till now will leave behind a legacy for generations to come. The secret between Armenia and chess can perhaps be summarized as a shared legacy, the combination of past, present and future, all with one common goal; representing the red blue and orange of Armenia, as both young and old utter the ever-satisfying term, “Checkmate”.

Emmy

(BBC)- A nine-year-old American-Armenian boy from California has become the youngestever chess master in the US. Samuel Sevian, from Santa Clara, was awarded the title by the US Chess Federation following a match in San Francisco. The body gave him a rating of 2,201. A rating of 2,200 qualifies a player as a national master. Samuel beats the previous recordholder of youngest US chess master, Nicholas Nip, of San Francisco, by 11 days. It is not the first record for Samuel, who celebrates his 10h birthday on 26 December. At the age of eight he was also the youngest person to attain the US chess level of "expert". Samuel spends at least two hours a day studying chess, playing against his father Armen Sevian, 37, and practising over the internet with his coach, international master Andranik Matikozyan, the San Jose Mercury News reported. Matikozyan told the paper: "I met Samuel three years ago. When I saw him playing I was amazed. I thought, ‘This kid is really talented’.”


23 Pelosi Fails to Schedule Vote on Armenian Genocide Resolution ÚàôÜàô²ð 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

HAI TAD

Democratic Leadership blocks Bipartisan Majority from voting, Armenian Assembly praises Pelosi, Turkish Foreign Minister welcomes the move The U.S. House Democratic Leadership failed on December 22 to schedule a vote on the Armenian Genocide Resolution, H,Res.252, despite support for this human rights measure from a broad bipartisan majority, killing the prospects for the passage of this legislation during this session of Congress, reported the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA). ANCA Chairman Ken Hachikian issued the following statement in response to U.S. House Democratic Leadership’s decision: “Armenian Americans are angered and disappointed by the failure of Speaker Pelosi and the House Democratic leadership to honor their commitment to allow a bipartisan majority to vote for passage of the Armenian Genocide Resolution.” “Speaker Pelosi clearly had the majority, the authority, and the opportunity to pass the Armenian Genocide Resolution, yet refused to allow a vote on this human rights measure.” “The Speaker chose not to move forward, in the face of broad bipartisan backing for this human rights measure, including from the current House leadership and the incoming Majority Leader and Majority Whip, and despite both the relatively muted opposition from the White House, and the fact that Turkey’s effectiveness in opposing its adoption was seriously undermined by controversial policies on the part of Ankara toward Iran, Israel, and Sudan that have angered lawmakers.” “Her decision to not move this legislation forward during her four years as Speaker represents a failure of Congressional leadership on human rights and, sadly, a setback to America’s standing in the struggle to end the cycle of genocide.” “Coming in the wake of President Obama’s string of broken promises to recognize the Armenian Genocide, Speaker Pelosi’s refusal

to schedule a vote on the Armenian Genocide Resolution represents a major breach of trust with Armenian American voters.” “Although sharply disappointed by the Speaker’s unwillingness to schedule a vote on the Armenian Genocide Resolution, we were, throughout this session of Congress, tremendously encouraged by the scope and depth of support for the Armenian Genocide Resolution, not only from a bipartisan majority of Congress but also from a growing crosssection of American civil society. We look forward to building on our progress and to continuing the work of the Armenian American community for a strong U.S. moral stand on the Armenian Genocide, an end to Turkey’s campaign of denial, and a truthful and just resolution of this still unpunished crime against the Armenian nation.” A rmenian Assembly Praises Pelosi The Armenian Assembly of America, in a press release issued immediately after the House adjourned, praised Pelosi for providing guidance and assistance during the process. “…We also particularly commend the steadfast leadership of Speaker Nancy Pelosi and House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, who along with Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chair and White House Liaison Congressman Chris Van Hollen provided guidance and invaluable assistance throughout this process,” stated Armenian Assembly Executive Director Bryan Ardouny in the press release. RFE/RL ran a story about the ArmenianAmerican mobilization in favor of the resolution, and reported that “The Assembly is understood to be against putting the draft resolution to a full House vote.” Their position was explained by unnamed leaders to RFE/RL as: “nobody wants to take a loss in a floor vote in these circumstances.

Obama Says Ties with Turkey “More Important Than Ever” (AFP)—US ties with Turkey are “more important than ever” despite differences over Iran, President Barack Obama said, also urging Ankara to repair ties with Israel, in an interview published recently. “Our shared interests, our shared values… undergird our relationship even when we disagree,” Obama said in written response to questions by the Turkish Hurriyet Daily News. “Given the increasingly complex challenges the world faces, I believe that US-Turkish cooperation is more important now than ever,” he said. In June, Turkey irked the United States as it voted against fresh sanctions slapped on Iran by the UN Security Council, insisting that a nuclear fuel swap deal it hammered out with Tehran, together with Brazil, should be given a chance. Its “no” vote came atop a severe crisis with one-time ally Israel after nine Turks were killed in an Israeli raid on a Gaza-bound activist ship. Obama told Hurriyet he remained “committed to a diplomatic resolution” of tensions over Iran, but stressed the Islamic Republic had failed to convince the international community that its nuclear program was solely for peaceful purposes. “Iran has an opportunity to do that in the P5+1 talks in Turkey in January… There are ways we can move forward, but all parties must be prepared to take constructive approaches,” he said. Obama sought to downplay Turkey’s reluctance to back a tougher line on Iran, its eastern neighbor, which has sparked concern that NATO’s sole Muslim-majority member is sliding away from the West. “As with our other close allies and friends, we will sometimes disagree, as was the case on the vote on Iran

sanctions in the UN Security Council. “Notwithstanding our differences about tactics, I firmly believe Turkey shares the goal of preventing a nuclear-armed Iran,” he said. Obama also urged Turkey and Israel to settle bilateral tensions and praised Ankara’s dispatch earlier this month of two aircraft to help fight a deadly fire in Israel, which led to a round of fence-mending talks between the two countries. “Turkey and Israel are both key allies of the United States… I encourage both nations to do everything they can to repair their relations,” he said. The US president also voiced confidence that the leak of US diplomatic cables by the Wikileaks website, which included scathing comments about Islamist-rooted Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, would not damage ties. Referring to a recent telephone conversation with Erdogan, Obama said that, “our partnership is resilient, and we agreed that the irresponsible acts of Wikileaks does not threaten it”. The cables said Erdogan lacks “analytic depth”, reads “minimally” and relies on an “iron ring of sycophantic (but contemptuous) advisors… which partially explains… his susceptibility to Islamist theories”. Erdogan “hates Israel” on religious grounds, the papers said, including also claims that he has eight secret accounts in Swiss banks. Obama also reiterated support for Turkey’s troubled bid to join the European Union and its struggle against separatist Kurdish rebels, who take refuge in neighboring Iraq. He stressed however that Ankara should step up efforts to align with EU norms, expand the rights of Christian minorities and improve the freedoms and welfare of the Kurdish community.

The genocide denial industry would like nothing better than defeating the resolution, even in an unfair vote.” In a massive mobilization effort and show of activism, the Armenian-American community pushed forward during the past several weeks and, through phone calls and emails, urged Pelosi and the House Democratic leadership to advance the resolution.

Davutoglu Welcomes Failure to Schedule Genocide Bill

Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu hailed a decision by the US House leadership to forgo a vote of the Armenian Genocide Resolution (H.Res.252) for the final session of the 111th Congress. “We are pleased that a development that would be a blow to the balance in the Caucasus and Turkish-American and Turkish-Armenian relations did not happen in the U.S. Congress,” Davutoglu said. “Common sense prevailed yesterday.” Davutoglu said Ankara was closely monitoring the developments as they unfolded and thanked the “U.S. administration, Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and other executives for their efforts” against the resolution. “This incident once again proved that assessment of historical incidents by political authorities is principally wrong. Turkey’s stance on this issue is fairly apparent. We are ready for every kind of confrontation and every kind of study,” he said. “However, we cannot accept use of those historical incidents as blackmail towards our country and it is not true to revive historical issues like the sword of Damocles swinging on Turkish-U.S. relations.” Davutoglu said Turkey hopes to “endeavor for positive diplomatic efforts with U.S. leaders in the coming days to prevent a possible crisis.” “It is obvious that initiatives of this kind

Nancy Pelosi lead to waste of energy and time. It is time for dialogue, meetings and agreement,” Davutoglu said. “We are obliged to intensify efforts reciprocally and prevail peace and dialogue in the whole world.” Davutoglu underscored “once again that efforts to put pressure on Turkey via representatives who are unaware of the issue would remain inconclusive and harm TurkishU.S. and Turkish-Armenian relations. We hope that such initiatives would not be brought to the agenda in the coming days.”

Armenian President, Foreign Minister Call for Genocide Recognition (RFE/RL)—Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian said broader international recognition of the Armenian genocide is essential for preventing more crimes against humanity as he opened an international conference in Yerevan 14-16 December. “The bitter lessons of the Armenian Genocide did not go down in the history and memory of humankind as mere memories of the past. They came to be replaced by the horrors of the Holocaust and the tragedies in Rwanda, Darfur and many other places,” he said in a speech at the two-day forum attended by genocide scholars from about 20 countries. Sarkisian criticized the “political expediency and short-sighted opportunism” that often shape governments’ attitudes towards past and

present genocides. It was a clear reference to their reluctance to recognize the 1915 massacres and deportations of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire as genocide and risk antagonizing Turkey. “Issues related to the prevention and condemnation of genocides as well as the elimination of their consequences must be on the international community’s agenda,” said Sarkisian. Foreign Minister Edward Nalbandian made the same point. “Genocide denial and impunity pave the way for new crimes against humanity. Regardless of geopolitical or other interests, the international community must be united in condemning and preventing genocide,” Nalbandian told conference participants.

Ninth Circuit Court Rules California Law on Armenian Genocide-Era Claims Constitutional The Armenian National Committee of America welcomed the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision in the Movsesian v. Versicherung case reversing an earlier ruling striking down as unconstitutional a California law allowing for the return of Armenian Genocide-era insurance claims. The Court reversed the August, 2009, ruling by a 2-1 margin. The ANCA, along with the Armenian Bar Association, Zoryan Institute, and the International Association of Genocide Scholars, filed an Amici Curiae brief petitioning the court for a rehearing.

They were ably represented by attorneys David Balabanian, David Salmons, and Erin Conroy from the Bingham McCutchen. Last year, serving in his capacity as California Attorney General, Jerry Brown, now the Governor-Elect of California, submitted an Amicus Curiae brief on behalf of the people of California in support of plaintiffs’ property claims emanating from the Armenian Genocide. Congressman Adam Schiff (D-CA) as well as EarthRights International and the Center for Constitutional Rights also filed their own separate Amicus Curiae briefs in support of a rehearing.


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New Yerevan Mayor Sworn In, Cabinet Reshuffled Yerevan’s newly elected Mayor, Karen Karapetian, was officially sworn into office on December 20 at a special inaugural ceremony presided over by President Serzh Sarkisian. Taking the office, Karapetian swore to observe the country’s Constitution and its laws, the resolutions of the City Council and fulfill his duties for the sake of the city and its residents. The new mayor is expected to soon present a new plan of actions to develop the city. Karapetian, who has been chief executive of the Armenian-Russian joint venture, ArmRosGazprom, since 2001, was named candidate for the top city post by the Republican Party of Armenia to succeed Gagik Beglarian, a controversial mayor who resigned earlier in December after being embroiled in a highprofile scandal with the presidential administration. Beglarian was involved in the assault on Aram Kandayan, an official at the presidential administration’s protocol unit. Kandayan incurred the ire of Beglarian after asking the latter’s wife not to sit next to Sarkisian during the November 3 concert in Yerevan of Placido Domingo. Beglarian allegedly drove Kandayan to one of his properties and beat up the young official there the next day. Reports claimed that Sarkisian was infuriated by the incident and demanded an official apology from the mayor. In what was largely a rubberstamp vote by the Council of Elders, an elected body of representatives in Yerevan, Karapetian won the backing of 50 assemblymen, with only one

voting against his candidacy. The 47-year-old business manager was a candidate on the official Republican ticket during the disputed May 2009 municipal elections in which President Serzh Sarkisian’s ruling party achieved a landslide victory. Eventually, he did not enter the municipal body.

Government Reshuffle

On the eve of the vote at Yerevan’s Council of Elders, the Republican leadership also approved several changes in the government at Sarkisian’s suggestion. Those included the replacement of Economy Minister Nerses Yeritsian with Finance Minister Tigran Davtian and appointing Central Bank vice-governor Vache Gabrielian as the latter’s successor. The Republican board also approved Sarkisian’s nomination of prominent law expert Hrair Tovmasian to be appointed justice minister. Danielian was dismissed in connection with a recent assault on an employee of the Justice Ministry’s Service for the Mandatory Execution of Judicial Acts (SMEJA). The official was reportedly beaten up by Mihran Poghosian, the controversial head of the agency. The ministerial portfolios in question belong to the Republican Party under its power-sharing deal with two junior coalition partners. Also, Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan issued an order sacking Vazgen Khachikian, the head of the State Social Security Service. Republican spokesman Edward Sharmazanov said the changes were aimed at “raising the efficiency of the government’s

Survey Says Armenians See Increased Corruption

(RFE/RL)- One in two Armenians thinks that corruption in their country has become more widespread in the past three years despite stated government efforts to combat it, according to a new opinion poll commissioned by Transparency International. The poll, which was conducted across Armenia by Gallup this summer, shows that only 15 percent of respondents feel that the scale of corrupt practices within various state institutions has actually decreased since 2007. Accordingly, only 27 percent praised the anti-corruption measures taken by the Armenian authorities so far. The public mood reported by the pollsters is in tune with Armenia’s performance in global surveys conducted by Transparency International on an annual basis. It ranked 123rd out of 178 countries surveyed in the Berlin-based watchdog’s 2010 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), down from 99th place it held in 2007. President Serzh Sarkisian pledged a tough crackdown on corruption when he took office in April 2008. Addressing the Armenian parliament’s Audit Chamber early this year, he stressed the importance of prosecuting state officials suspected of embezzling public funds and engaging in other corrupt practices. Sarkisian said many Armenians are rightly wondering why abuses uncovered by in various government agencies rarely translate into criminal cases. Armenian law-enforcement authorities say the number of such cases has

Èáõë³ÝϳñÁ гÛÏ ´³É³Û»³ÝÇ (üàîàÈàôð)

Sarkisian during the swearing in ceremony of the new mayor of Yerevan, Karen Karapetian. work.” Danielian’s ouster is also a further indication of Prime Minister’s increased political clout. The former governor of Armenia’s Central Bank highlighted it last month when he publicly accused several government ministers of mismanagement and fired some of their deputies. The reformist premier is now tipped to top the list of the ruling Republican Party’s candidates in Armenia’s next parliamentary elections due in May 2012. The party is headed by President Sarkisian.

Mayor K. Karapetian

ARF Decries “Rule of Wealth” In Armenia

increased significantly in recent years. Transparency International’s Armenian affiliate, the Anti-Corruption Center (ACC), has President Serzh Sarkisian toasting the New Year in Yerevan with Armenian dismissed the official corruption-related statistics, businessmen. however. Its executive director, Varuzhan (AFE/RL)-The Armenian Revolutionary Armenian communities abroad, was a major Hoktanian, insisted on Thursday high-ranking Federation stepped up its criticism of the ally of former President Robert Kocharian Armenian officials are still rarely prosecuted on Armenia's current leadership, saying that the throughout his 1998-2008 rule. It joined the corruption charges. country is controlled by a "privileged class" of coalition government formed by his successor, Presenting the findings of the opinion poll, wealthy government-linked citizens. President Sarkisian, in April 2008 only to pull Hoktanian stood by the ACC’s view that the root The influential party, which quit President out of it in April 2009 in protest against his cause of the problem is “the fusion of politics Serzh Sarkisian’s governing coalition 19 months policy of rapprochement with Turkey. and business and the monopolization of both ago, also decried what it sees as a lack of While strongly condemning that policy, areas.” “When that monopolization reaches democracy and rule of law and reiterated its ARF has so far been careful not to campaign enormous levels, the system simply can not stated commitment to “regime change.” for the president’s resignation and the conduct survive without corruption,” he said. “That is, if “A rule of wealth has been formed in of fresh presidential and parliamentary elections. you try to eliminate corruption, the system will Armenia. It has nothing to do with the will of The party announced the start of nationwide crumble.” the people,” said Armen Rustamian, the de anti-government protests when it rallied several Hoktanian added that the conduct of facto head of ARF’s governing body in Armenia. hundred supporters in the central Armenian genuinely democratic elections is critical for He claimed that the country’s political, judicial town of Ashtarak in late September. It has held reforming that system. “We haven’t had a single and economic systems are regulated by no fresh rallies since then, however. case of government change through elections,” “unwritten and unconstitutional laws” that benefit Rustamian, who also heads the Armenian he told a news conference. “It’s a bit hard to only “representatives of a privileged class who parliament’s committee on foreign relations, believe that our people always support the do what they want.” said leadership change alone would not address incumbent authority.” “There is widespread corruption and inept the state of affairs in Armenia. He said his party That corruption is a key problem hampering governance,” Rustamian said. “There is a fusion stands for a “drastic and radical change of the Armenia’s development has been acknowledged of government and business and a monopolistic entire government system” that would “root out by Prime Minister Tigran Sarkisian. Last month, economy based on that.” the system of the government’s reproduction” Sarkisian publicly accused several government “According to various estimates, 40 to 50 and allow for democratic elections. ministers of doing little to tackle it in their areas families essentially decide Armenia’s budget,” Rustamian dismissed critics’ claims that of responsibility. He said later in November that he added. “It is therefore absolutely ARF itself contributed to Armenia’s culture of he has received “radical” reform proposals from meaningless to talk about the middle class.” electoral fraud with its more than decade-long ARF, which has branches in all major support for the ruling establishment. them in response to the criticism.


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First Phase of Reconstruction Of Surp Giragos Armenian Church In Diyarbakir Completed The reconstruction project of the Surp Giragos Church in Diyarbakir/Dikranagerd is well underway, and the first phase of the project is already completed, on time and within budget. The total reconstruction budget is 2.5 million dollars. The fundraising efforts have so far focused on the Armenian community within Turkey, the Middle East and Europe, with unprecedented success toward financing the first phase. In addition to the Armenian communities within Turkey and Europe, several European Union and Turkish NGOs and cultural organizations have participated in the fundraising activities. The local government in Diyarbakir has provided significant financial, material and logistics contributions, as it is aware that this outstanding building will become a major cultural historic attraction, as well as a testament to the multi-faith and multi-cultural initiatives in the region. The focus of fundraising will now shift to North America, starting in the spring of 2011. After the church reconstruction phases are completed, the legal claims phase will be launched to pursue the transfer of deeds for all the properties originally owned by the Church prior to 1915. The Foundation Board has already successfully reclaimed a few of these properties, which will secure a steady income toward the maintenance of the church buildings, but there are almost 200 other properties which will need to go through the legal channels for reclaim. This is a project of interest not only for Armenians of Diyarbakir origin, but for all Armenians everywhere, with historic and future implications. The Surp Giragos Church in

Diyarbakir/Dikranagerd, Turkey, is the largest Armenian church in the Middle East and one of the most important works of Armenian architecture. Since 1915, it has been subjected to both wilful destruction as well as neglect, as a result of which it was in ruins and in danger of complete collapse - until 2009, when an ambitious reconstruction project was launched by a group of Istanbul Armenians originally from Diyarbakir. A Church Foundation Board was formed under the auspices of the Istanbul Armenian Patriarchate, which was successful in first legalizing deed and title for the Surp Giragos Church property, then obtaining authorization and all required permits for the reconstruction, followed by fundraising activities both within and outside Turkey. The Surp Giragos Church, originally dating from 1515, was burnt down in 1881 but reconstructed in 1883 with seven altars and a huge footprint of 15,000 square feet. It had a 100 foot high bell tower, with a bell molded by the famed Zildjians and a large golden cross at the top. The bell tower was bombarded and destroyed by German/Ottoman cannon fire in 1915, as it was deemed unacceptable to have a church structure higher than the mosque minarets. With the first phase of the reconstruction project, the church exterior walls are rebuilt, the columns and beams of the church structure reinforced and more critically, the roof has been covered up, preventing further damage to the interior of the massive building. The second phase will include reconstruction of the church interior, as well as the bell tower, followed by reconstruction of auxiliary buildings such as a small chapel,

New Satellite Images Confirm Complete Destruction of Djulfa Cemetery

The interior arches of Surp Giragos church. dining hall and assembly/exhibition halls. The reconstruction project is being carried out with great care in compliance with original historic details, subject to all approvals of local and state governments. Unlike the other Armenian architectural masterpiece, the Holy Cross Armenian Church at Akhtamar Island near Van, Turkey, which was renovated by the Turkish government and converted to a state museum, The Surp Giragos Armenian Church in Diyarbakir, is officially recognized as an Armenian Church under the full control of the Armenian Patriarchate and is being reconstructed by the Church

Below is the text of the appeal:

The world’s largest body of scientists, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, just released satellite image comparison and analysis confirming the complete destruction of the ancient Djulfa cemetery, located in an historic Armenian exclave currently occupied by Azerbaijan. The AAAS case study, including the satellite photos, are available on organization’s website (www.aaas.org). Five years ago, more than 100 uniformed Azerbaijanis were caught on tape destroying the burial monuments of the medieval Djulfa cemetery, founded in the Armenian province of Nakhichevan during the 9th century and thriving as late as the early 1600s. The soldiers were smashing Armenian monuments with sledgehammers, using a crane to remove some of the largest monuments from the ground, breaking the stones into small pieces, and dumping them into the River Araxes by a large truck. Overall, an estimated 3,000 khachkars, or intricately carved burial monuments, the craftsmanship of which is a UNESCO Intangible Heritage Tradition, were erased from the face of the earth. Azerbaijan’s president called the destruction report an “absolute lie,” and has

maintained that official denial ever since. “Azerbaijan’s war against indigenous Armenian heritage in Nakhichevan cannot be justified in any way–including by the gridlock in the negotiations over the ArmenianAzerbaijani conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, a region that fought for independence in the early 1990s from Azerbaijan precisely so that a destruction similar to Djulfa’s would not take place there,” Simon Maghakyan, the founder and project Manager at the Djulfa Virtual Memorial and Museum (www.djulfa.com), said today in a widely circulated email to media and advocacy groups. “The loss of Djulfa was a blow to not just Armenian culture, but also to all world heritage,” said Maghakyan. Maghakyan criticized UNESCO, “the organization charged with protecting our common heritage,” for its “shameful silence” on Djulfa’s destruction and urged action to tell UNESCO that “its unequivocal protest is long overdue.” Maghakyan provides a more detailed account of the five-year rampage against Djulfa in a special blog post on the Amnesty International’s “Human Rights Now” blog.

completed, it will be not only an outstanding Armenian architectural masterpiece, but also a historic reminder to past Armenian presence in the region, where even this 3000 seat capacity church was not big enough for the Armenian community, and people would reportedly come the night before religious holidays, in order to reserve seats for the Mass. .

An Appeal to the UN on Djulfa’s Destruction Armenia’s Representation to the United Nations, in cooperation with the Hamazkayin Armenian Educational and Cultural Association of the Eastern United States, issued an appeal on December 15 on the fifth anniversary of the destruction of Armenian monuments by the Azeri Army. The dossier, which was prepared on December 9 and presented by Armenia’s Ambassador to the UN, Karen Nazaryan, also includes a 90-page bilingual (English and French) booklet detailing the history and cultural significance of the Armenian monuments in Djulfa.

In this recent (May 2009) image, the entire area has been graded flat. Image © 2009 DigitalGlobe, Inc.

Foundation Board. When reconstruction is

The current Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan has been a historic part of the Armenian homeland for well over 2500 years. Its Armenian name translates into “the place of descent,” in reference to the landing of the Noah’s Ark on the adjacent Mount Ararat. It has been an integral part of Armenian life from as early as 521 B.C. and as late as the first Armenian Republic from till 1920. The Armenian inhabitants of this region have witnessed many tragic event over their history, including their forced removal from their lands by Sassanid Persians in the fourth century A.D., the decision of the invading Arabs to force them to leave their lands by gathering several hundred Armenian nobles and their families, lock them up in churches and burn them alive, and crucify the rest. Armenians of Nakhichevan were subjected to further bloodshed, culminating to the many wars and massacres of the World War I era, where Nakhichevan was placed under the control of the Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan to appease and accommodate the Turkish government by the newly formed and relatively weak Soviet Russia. While bloodshed and war stopped following the placement of Nakhichevan under Soviet rule, discrimination and economic pressure against the indigenous Armenian population went on as a systemic means to drive them out

of their homeland. The historic Armenian Cemetery in Djulfa, located at the southern tip of Nakhichevan near the Iranian border, traces its history from the 6th to the 17th centuries A.D., where more than ten thousand intricately carved cross stones (khatchkars in Armenian) marked the final resting place of the Armenian inhabitants of this area for well over one thousand years and represented different eras of Armenian history and presence in the area. Unfortunately, the Armenophobic policies of the successive Azeri governments resulted in the destruction of greater than 80 percent of these historic landmarks by 1998, having gone as far as removing their remnants from the area via trains. In 1998, the inhumane process of defacement and destruction of the remaining khatchkars at the cemetery was accelerated by the Azeri government, resulting in further destruction of another 800 or so khatchkars. This new assault was only halted through intervention of the UNESCO and ICOMOS; however, the process was resumed in 2002 and culminated in the final destruction of the remaining khatchkars by the Azeri armed forces in December of 2005 and rolling of their remains into the Arax river. To mark this solemn anniversary and to raise public awareness against the unrelenting assault of the Azeri propaganda machine on our cultural heritage and history, the Hamazkayin Eastern USA in collaboration with His Excellency, Ambassador Garen Nazarian, the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Armenia to the United Nations, sent an open letter along with a copy of the recently published book “The Destruction of Jugha and the Entire Armenian Cultural Heritage in Nakhichevan,” to the UN delegations of over 170 nations. We certainly hope that this communication will infuse reason and facts into the discourse and provide rational counter arguments against the voluminous Azeri government vitriol.


2011 26 ¼.ÚàôÜàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

ARMENIANS

Award-Winning Filmmaker J. Michael Hagopian Dies at 97 Armenian-American documentary filmmaker J. Michael Hagopian, whose 70 educational and documentary films have won more than 160 national and international awards, including two Emmy nominations, died December 10 in his Thousand Oaks, Calif., home. He was 97. Hagopian was a Genocide survivor who dedicated his life to the visual documentation of the Turkish extermination of 1.5 million Armenians in 1915. Over a 40-year period, he filmed nearly 400 interviews of survivors of and witnesses to the Armenian Genocide, traveling around the world to record their accounts in 10 languages. He established the Armenian Film Foundation in 1979 as a non-profit, educational, and cultural organization dedicated to the documentation in motion pictures of Armenian heritage and life. During the past several years, his mission had been to preserve the film footage of those eyewitness interviews. On April 13, 2010, he and his wife, Antoinette Hagopian, and the Armenian Film Foundation signed an historic agreement with The USC Shoah Foundation Institute for the preservation and dissemination of the Genocide testimonies on the internet. On Dec. 9, Hagopian was to meet Steven Spielberg, Shoah’s founder, at the foundation’s Ambassadors for Humanity banquet but was unable to attend because of a cold. Spielberg personally expressed his support for the Armenians to two of Hagopian’s colleagues on the AFF board who attended the event, and Hagopian’s work was acknowledged at the gala. He passed away before he would have received a report of the evening, but his legacy will no doubt long endure. Born in Kharpert in Historic Armenia in 1913, Hagopian survived the Genocide because his mother hid him in a well behind the family home. His father was spared because he was an important medical doctor, and the family left Turkey for Boston, Mass., in 1922, eventually settling in Fresno, Calif., in 1927. Hagopian attended Fresno State University, transferring to UC Berkeley, where

he received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in political science. He went on to earn another masters and a Ph.D. in Government and International Relations from Harvard University. After serving in the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II, he taught at several universities, including Banares Hindu University, India; American University of Beirut, Lebanon; UCLA, and Oregon State University. While teaching, he discovered a lack of good films to show his classes and concluded that he could produce better documentaries. After completing two years of graduate work in cinema at the University of Southern California, Hagopian embarked on a new career as writer, filmmaker and producer. In 1952 he founded Atlantis Productions, Inc., and as its president created award-winning films for instructional and informational use in the classroom and on television. His earlier films were about the peoples and cultures of India, Nigeria, the Middle East as well as Native Americans and include the well-respected Jerusalem – Center of Many Worlds and Asian Earth, which won several film festival awards. During his early filmmaking expeditions, Hagopian trekked 1,500 miles to the source of the Ganges River, becoming the first man to film in color the entire length of the river to the holy source. For this and other remarkable adventures, he was invited to join the prestigious Explorer’s Club, New York, and Adventurer’s Club, Los Angeles. In 1961, he married Antoinette Hobden, and they settled in Thousand Oaks in 1963. A major force in the formative years of Thousand Oaks, Hagopian was active in its incorporation as a city and served on many civic committees. In 1990 he laid the groundwork for the establishment of a sister-city relationship between Thousand Oaks and Spitak, a city in Armenia that he visited and filmed after the devastating earthquake that hit the country on Dec. 7, 1988. In addition to his local involvement, one of Hagopian’s main interests was to help create permanent Armenian studies programs in major

J. Machael Hagopian universities in America. As the initial West Coast member of the National Association of Armenian Studies and Research, he worked to endow the first two chairs in the United States, at Harvard in 1959 and at UCLA in 1965. Armenian community leaders approached Hagopian about making a film to mark the 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. In 1965 he produced the film Where Are My People, which was aired on KCOP TV in Los Angeles. It was then that he realized that the witnesses to the Armenian Genocide were fast dying, and he began filming survivors. He made 17 documentaries about Armenian heritage, culture and history. In 1976, he received two Emmy nominations for the writing and production of The Forgotten Genocide, which aired on KCET. The last film Hagopian wrote, directed and produced was The River Ran Red, a 58-minute documentary that opened the Eighth Annual Arpa International Film Festival on Oct. 24, 2008, at the Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood, Calif. The River Ran Red, the third film in a trilogy about the Genocide, was voted Best International Historical Documentary by the New York International Film & Video Festival in 2009 and won many other awards. Several of Hagopian’s films were produced

under grants from the U.S. Office of Education and the Ethnic Heritage Program, the MacArthur Foundation, California Endowment for the Humanities, Milken Foundation and California State Department of Education. Hagopian received numerous honors, including Jewish World Watch’s “I Witness” Award for dedicating his professional life to chronicling the Armenian Genocide, the Arpa Lifetime Achievement Award, and the Armin T. Wegner Humanitarian Award. The Armenian National Committee has honored him as Man of the Year twice, once in 1984 and again in 2000. “Through his life and career, Dr. J Michael Hagopian is proof that a single person can change humankind’s understanding of itself,” said Los Angeles City Councilmember Paul Krekorian. “He is proof that we can rise above intolerance and ensure future generations are armed with the information needed to combat bigotry in all forms.” Hagopian is survived by his wife, Antoinette; children James Michael, Maui, Hawaii; Joanne, Berkeley, Calif.; David, Thousand Oaks; and William, Honolulu, Hawaii; and five grandchildren.

Iran Honors First Female Astronomer Alenoush Terian

(PressTV)—More than 100 people gathered in Tehran to celebrate the 90th birthday of Iran’s first female astronomer and physics professor, Alenoush Terian. She was honored during a ceremony in the Iranian capital city on November 9. Members of the Iranian Parliament and more than 100 Armenians paid tribute to the Iranian scientist. “She always said she had a daughter named sun and a son named moon,” said lawmaker Hassan Ghafourifard, Terian’s former student at Tehran University. Born in an Armenian family in 1920 in Tehran, Terian graduated in physics from the University of Tehran in 1947. She was elected as the chief of the University’s laboratory operations in the same year.

She continued her studies at the Sorbonne University in Paris, graduating with a degree in atmospheric physics in 1956. She returned to Iran to work as an assistant professor in thermodynamics at the University of Tehran. Terian got a scholarship to study solar physics in Germany, after which she became Iran’s first female physics professor in 1964. In 1966, Terian became a member of the geophysics committee of Tehran University and was elected as the chief of the solar physics studies three years later. She was one of the founders of the solar observatory of the Institute of Geophysics at the University of Tehran, where she also worked until her retirement in 1979.

Iran’s first female astronomer, Alenoush Terian, being honored.

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ÐÇõëÇë³ÛÇÝ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ µÝ³Ïãáõû³Ý ùáí ß³ù³ñ³Ëï¿ ï³é³åáÕ ÑÇõ³Ý¹Ý»ñáõ ÃÇõÁ ï³ñáõ¿ ï³ñÇ ëÏë³Í ¿ µ³½Ù³å³ïÏáõÇÉ, áã ÿ ÙdzÛÝ ï³ñ¿óÝ»ñáõ ³ÛÉ Ý³»õ Ù³ÝáõÏÝ»ñáõ å³ñ³·³ÛÇÝ: ²Ûë »ñ»õáÛÃÇÝ å³ï׳éÝ»ñ¿Ý Ù¿ÏÁ ³Ýáõ߻տÝÇ, ù³Õóñ³õ¿ÝÇùÇ »õ carbohydrate-Ý»ñáõ (ѳó, µñÇÝÓ, ëÇñÇÁÉ »õ ËÙáñ»Õ¿Ý) Ýϳïٳٵ Ù»ñ áõÝ»ó³Í ïϳñáõÃÇõÝÝ ¿, Ù»ñ Ï»Ýó³ÕÁ »õ áõï»ÉÇùÝ»ñÁ: àõñ áñ ³É ³Ûó»É»Éáõ ÁÉɳù, ß³ù³ñÁ ³Ýå³Ï³ë ¿. ÝáÛÝÇëÏ ¹ñ³Ù³ïáõÝ»ñáõ, ßáõϳݻñáõ »õ Ù»ñ ³ß˳ï³í³Ûñ»ñáõ Ù¿ç, ãÙáéݳÉáí Ù»ñ ï³Ý å³Ñ³ñ³ÝÝ»ñÁ, áõñ Ïáõï³Ï³Í »Ýù ³Ù¿Ý ï»ë³ÏÇ ù³Õóñ»Õ¿ÝÝ»ñ: ÞáõϳÛÇÝ Ù¿ç í³×³éáõáÕ ß³ï ÙÁ áõï»ÉÇùÝ»ñ ѳٻÙáõ³Í »Ý ß³ù��ñáí ÝáÛÝÇëϪ Ù³ÝÏ³Ï³Ý ×³ß»ñÁ »õ ÑÇõûñÁ: Îáíáõ Ù¿Ï µ³Å³Ï ϳÃÁ ÏÁ å³ñáõݳϿ 32 Ïñ³Ù ß³ù³ñ, ÇëÏ ÐÇõëÇë³ÛÇÝ ²Ù»ñÇϳÛÇ Ù¿ç Ù»Í ã³÷áí ï³ñ³Íáõ³Í cereal ݳ˳׳ßÁ Carbohydrate ¾ ÇÝùÝÇÝ, ³Ýáñ ³õ»Éó³Í ¿ ß³ù³ñ »õ Ù»Ýù ³É Ï'³õ»ÉóÝ»Ýù ϳÃ, µ³½Ù³å³ïÏ»Éáí ß³ù³ñÇ å³ñáõݳÏáõÃÇõÝÁ: ²ÝÑñ³Å»ßï ÏÁ Ýϳï»Ýù »õ ÏÁ Û³ÝÓݳñ³ñ»Ýù, áñ ·Ý»É¿ ³é³ç ϳñ¹³É áõï»ÉÇùÇÝ íñ³Û ÷³Ïóáõ³Í åÇï³ÏÁ (label): äÇïÇ ÏñÏÇÝ ½³ñٳݳÉ, ÿ ÇÝã»ñ ³õ»Éóáõ³Í »Ý å³ñ½ áõï»ÉÇùÝ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç: ºÃ¿ ³Û¹ µ³Õ³¹ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ͳÝûà ã»Ý Ó»½, ÝáÛÝÝ ¿ å³ñ³·³Ý Ó»ñ Ù³ñÙÝÇÝ ùáí. ³ÝÇϳ »õë åÇïÇ ãáõ½¿ ÁݹáõÝÇÉ ³ÝͳÝûà ÝÇõûñÁ: Ø»ñ µáÉáñ ѳõ³ùáÛÃÝ»ñ¿Ý ³Ýå³Ï³ë »Ý ³Ýáõ߻տÝÇ ï»ë³ÏÝ»ñ »õ ß³ù³ñ å³ñáõݳÏáÕ »õ ß³ù³ñáí Û³·»ó³Í áõï»ÉÇùÝ»ñ: àõñ³Ë ÿ ïËáõñ ³éÇÃÝ»ñáí ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñå³Í ÑÇõñ³ëÇñáõû³Ýó ÁݹáõÝáõ³Í ëáíáñáõÃÇõÝ ¿ ÑÇõñ»ñáõ ³Ýáõß»Õ¿Ý Ññ³ÙóÝ»É: Ø»ñ ÅáÕáíáõñ¹Á Û³Ù³éûñ¿Ý ϳéã³Í ¿ ³Ýó»³É¿Ý ÁݹáõÝáõ³Í ëáíáñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ: ÎÁ ·³Ý·³ïÇÝù Ù»ñ ³éáÕçáõûݿÝ, ë³Ï³ÛÝ Ù»ñ Ï»Ýó³Õ¿Ý µ³Ý ÙÁ ã»Ýù áõ½»ñ ÷áË»É: ÎÁ ϳñÍ»Ýù, ÿ Ù»ñ ³éáÕç³Ï³Ý ¹Åáõ³ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ åÇïÇ ¹³ñٳݻÝù ¹»Õ»ñáí: à'ã, ëÇñ»ÉÇ ÁÝûñóáÕ. Ù»ñ ³éáÕç³Ï³Ý ¹Åáõ³ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ ͳ·ÇÝ Ù»ñ Ï»Ýó³Õ¿Ý »õ Ùï³Í»É³Ï»ñå¿Ý£ ä¿ïù ¿ Ù»Ýù ÁÉɳÝù Ù»ñ ³éáÕçáõû³Ý å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõÝ: Ø»ñ ùÇÙùÁ, É»½áõÝ, áõÕ»ÕÁ, É»³ñ¹Á »õ »Ýóëï³Ùáùë³ÛÇÝ ·»ÕÓÁ (pancreas) í³ñÅáõ³Í »Ý ù³ÕóñÇÝ, ³Ýáõ߻տÝÇÝ: àñù³Ý ß³ï ³Ýáõß»Õ¿Ý ·áñͳͻÉáõ ÁÉɳÝù ³ÛÝù³Ý ß³ï ÏÁ ½·³Ýù ù³Õóñ»Õ¿ÝÇ Û³õ»É»³É å³Ñ³Ýçù »õ ÏÁ ¹³éݳÝù ³Ýáñ ÙáÉÇ: ƱÝã ϳñ»ÉÇ ¿ ÁÝ»É Ù»ñ Ù³ñÙÇÝÝ»ñÁ Çñ»Ýó µÝ³Ï³ÝáÝ íÇ׳ÏÇÝ í»ñ³¹³ñÓÝ»Éáõ ѳٳñ: ³-²é³çÇÝ Ñ»ñÃÇÝ protein-Á, ÇõÕÁ »õ µÝ³ëåÇïÁ (fibres) ÏÁ ¹³Ý¹³Õ»óÝ»Ý ß³ù³ñÇ Ý»ñÍÍáõÙÁ (absorption) ³ñ»³Ý ßñç³Ý³éáõû³Ý Ù¿ç: ¶áñͳͿù ÓÇóåïáõÕÇ Ï³Ù Ë³ÕáÕÇ ÏáõïÇ ÇõÕ: ²Û¹ ÏÁ Ý߳ݳϿ, ÿ ׳ßÁ åÇïÇ ëÏë»É ϳ٠protein-áí, ϳ٠ÛÇßáõ³Í ÇõÕ³ï»ë³ÏÝ»ñáí »õ ϳ٠µÝ³ëåÇïáí: úñÇݳϪ Ý³Ë áõï»É ù³ó³Ëáí ³Õó³Ý (salad), áñÁ µÝ³ëåÇï »õ ÇõÕ áõÝÇ, Û»ïáÛ ³ÝóÝÇÉ ã³÷³õáñ Ï»ñåáí` ÙÇëÇÝ, ѳõáõÝ »õ ϳ٠ÓÏݻտÝÇÝ »õ í»ñç³õáñáõû³Ý áõï»É carbohydrates: ò³ÝϳÉÇ ¿ ã·áñÍ³Í»É ß³ï carbohydrates, ³ÛÉ µ³õ³ñ³ñáõÇÉ protein-áí, áõï»É ݳ»õ µ³Ýç³ñ»Õ¿Ý »õ ³Õó³Ý: ÎÁ ûɳ¹ñáõÇ Ï³ñ»ÉÇ ã³÷áí Ëáõë³÷ÇÉ carbohydrates-¿Ý, áñáíÑ»ï»õ ³ÝÇϳ Ù»ñ Ù³ñÙÝÇ Ù¿ç ÏÁ í»ñ³ÍáõÇ ß³ù³ñÇ: µ- Ú³ÝÓݳñ³ñ»ÉÇ ¿, áñ áñ»õ¿ Ñ»ÕáõÏ ã·áñÍ³Í»É ×³ßÇ ÁÝóóùÇÝ: ä³ï׳éÁ` »ñµ ׳ßÇÝ ³ï»Ý ÏÁ ëÏëÇÝù Í³Ù»É Ï»ñ³ÏáõñÁ, Ù»ñ ëï³ÙáùëÇ Ù¿ç Ù³ñëáÕ³Ï³Ý ûñϳÝÝ»ñ ÏÁ ³ñï³¹ñ»Ý ÝÇõûñ, Ù»ñ ׳ßÇÝ Ù³ñëáÕáõÃÇõÝÁ ¹Çõñ³óÝ»Éáõ ѳٳñ: ºñµ Ù»Ýù ÏÁ ËÙ»Ýù çáõñ »õ ϳ٠áñ»õ¿ Ñ»ÕáõÏ ½áí³óáõóÇãÝ»ñ, ÏÁ Ýáëñ³óÝ»Ýù Ù³ñëáÕ³Ï³Ý ÝÇõûñÁ, áñáÝù ³ÛÉ»õë ÝáÛÝ ½ûñáõû³Ùµ ã»Ý Ïñݳñ Çñ»Ýó å³ñï³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÁ ϳï³ñ»É: ·- ̳Ýñ³µ³ñÓáõÃÇõÝ/Ù³ñ½³Ýù (weight lifting and training)£ سñ½³ÝùÁ »õ ͳÝñ³µ³ñÓáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ Ýå³ëï»Ý Ù»ñ Ù³ñÙÝÇ ³õ»ÉÇ É³õ ÝÇõó÷á˳ݳÏáõÙÇÝ (metabolism): سñ½³Ýùáí ݳ»õ ÏÁ ÏáñóÝ»Ýù ÏßÇéù: ²ÝÇϳ Ï'û·Ý¿ ݳ»õ áñ Ù»ñ Ù³ñÙÇÝÁ ³ñï³¹ñ¿ insulin ª ß³ù³ñÁ Çç»óÝáÕ ÝÇõûñ: Ú³ÝÓݳñ³ñ»ÉÇ ¿ ÏÇñ³ñÏ»É ½³Ý³½³Ý Ù³ñ½³Ó»õ»ñ£ سñ½³ÝùÁ ݳ»õ Ï°û·Ý¿, áñ Ñá·»å¿ë Ù»Ýù Ù»½ ³õ»ÉÇ ³éáÕç »õ ɳõ ½·³Ýù: êáñí»ó¿ù ÑÇõñ³ëÇñáõû³Ý ³ï»Ý Ó»ñ ÑÇõñÁÝϳÉÝ»ñáõÝ §àã¦, ßÝáñÑ³Ï³É »Ù Áë»É »õ áõï»É ³ÛÝ ÇÝã áñ û·ï³Ï³ñ ¿ Ó»ñ Ù³ñÙÝÇÝ, ݳ˳å³ïáõáõÃÇõÝÁ ï³Éáí µ³Ýç³ñ»Õ¿ÝÇÝ »õ Ëáõë³÷ÇÉ µñÇÝÓ, ѳó, pasta ϳ٠·»ïݳËÝÓáñ áõï»É¿: â»Ýù Û³ÝÓݳñ³ñ»ñ ݳ»õ åïáõÕÁ, ٳݳõ³Ý¹ ·Çß»ñÁ, ³Ýáñ Ù¿çÇ ß³ù³ñÇ å³ñáõݳÏáõû³Ý å³ï׳éáíþ:


ÚàôÜàô²ð 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

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29

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²ÎàôØ´ ARMENIAN

ASSOCIATION OF TORONTO

Armenian Association of Toronto (AAT) is planning a number of consultative gatherings scheduled in 2011 on topics of current general interest. The dates and other details will be announced as they become available. The first of such gatherings is as follows:

The Effectiveness of Donor Projects in Armenia/Artsakh (See answers reversed on this page)

Micro Projects & Job Creation Projects based on Kiva & UN models Sarkis Yacoubian's "Bridge to Karapakh" project, etc. Moderators Seta Ghougassian & Zohrab Sarkissian Friday, January 14, 2011, 7:30PM-10:30PM Fairview Mall Toronto Public Library Room A (4th Floor)

Emmy...

TUTORING

from page 22

member of an all-girl band, “Hayer.” Having lived in the U.S., she is fluent in both English and Armenian. Armenia debuted in the ESC in 2006 with Andre’s song “Without Your Love,” which came in 8th place. In 2007, Hayko represented Armenia with his song “Anytime You Need” and came in 8th. In 2008, Sirusho’s “Qele, Qele” came in 4th. In 2009, Inga and Anush Arshakyans performed “Jan Jan” and came in 10th. During the 2010 ESC, Eva Rivas’ song, “Apricot Stone,” made it to 7th place.

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ÞÝáñѳõáñ Ýáñ î³ñÇ »õ êáõñµ ÌÝáõݹ

Toronto area real estate agents wish their clients Happy Holidays HomeLife/Bayview Realty Inc., Brokerage*

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ÚàôÜàô²ð 2011 ¼. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

31

l a u

n t e n u A “The Voice of Armenian Business in Canada”

q n a

B

Guest Speaker Honorable

Hranoush Hakobyan

RA Minister of Diaspora Affaires

Honoring

Mr. Vahé (Cy) Tokmakjian

President and CEO of Tokmakjian Group Business Person of the Year

February 5, 2011

7:00 pm

Hazleton Manor banquet hall

99 Peclar Road,Concord ON. L4K 1A3

For tickets and info please call: 416-871-4424, 416-574-6704 CABC: 905 604 1609 info@cabc-ontario.com

Ara Graphics

Admission: $ 75.00 per person


2011 32 ¼.ÚàôÜàô²ð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 63

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TorontoHye Newspaper Volume 6, #4-63 - January 2011