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raffi Raffi D. Boghossian, B.A., MVA MVA Associate Broker Market Value Value Appraiser

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Volume 4, No. 7 (54), APRIL 2010 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper

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YORK EYE CARE CLINIC

гÛÏ³Ï³Ý Üáñ³µ³ó гëï³ïáõÃÇõÝ Comprehensive eye exams and Contact lens fitting Screening and treatment for Glaucoma, Cataract, Red eyes Laser surgery Consultations and Co-management

A large selection of designer eyewear

s e t m w n e e o i c t l N pa we

Dr. Annette Lileyans Optometrist

APARTMENT êÇñáí Ï°ÁݹáõÝÇÝù Ýáñ ÑÇõ³Ý¹Ý»ñ

302 Wellington St. E., Unit 1 Aurora, Ontario L4G 1J5

Tel: 905-751-0007

EVENING AND WEEKEND APPOINTMENTS AVAILABLE

IN YEREVAN

84 sq. m. apartment on the 14th floor, conveniently located in the heart of the city @ Mashdots & Saryan Completely renovated spacious 2 bedrooms Large living room Easily accessible with 2 elevators Corner lot Air conditioned & heated Asking $130,000 US. Call (416)-944-0273 or e-mail vkaljian@rogers.com Rental: US $450/week

for Sale (or rent)

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øÇÃÑ Ô³ñÇ廳Ý, ÈáñÝ ÞÇñÇÝ»³Ý, ²ÉÁÝ àõ³ÛÃÑáñÝ

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THE RIVER RAN RED A FILM BY J. MICHAEL HAGOPIAN

Wednesday, April 7, 2010 7:30 p.m. Alex Manoogian Cultural Centre Babayan Hall 930 Progress Avenue, Toronto

Culminating more than forty years of interviews with more than four hundred eyewitnesses to the Armenian Genocide of 1915, The River Ran Red is the final film of documentarian Dr. J. Michael Hagopian's trilogy "The Witnesses." The River Ran Red is about Hagopian's epic search for survivors of the Genocide who were sent to their fate along the Euphrates River to the Syrian Desert and Der Zor. Footage from many interviews with survivors carried out over several decades gives the film tremendous power and immediacy.

J. Michael Hagopian is a pioneer in the effort to document the Armenian Genocide through films such as The Forgotten Genocide, The Armenian Case, Where Are My People, Voices from the Lake, and Germany and the Secret Genocide. He holds a doctorate in International Relations from Harvard University and an undergraduate degree from the University of California , Berkeley . Admission $10.00

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ÊÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿ §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ å³ï³ë˳ݳïáõ ã¿ Çñ ¿ç»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ͳÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñáõ µáí³Ý¹³Ïáõû³Ý: Ø»½Ç ÛÕáõ³Í µáÉáñ ÃÕóÏóáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÝ áõ ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ »ÝÃ³Ï³Û »Ý áñáß ËÙµ³·ñáõÙÇ:

¶ñ»ó¿ù Ù»½Ç §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ Çñ ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñ¿Ý ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ËÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý áõÕÕáõ³Í ϳñÍÇùÝ»ñ ÏÁ ëï³Ý³Û Ù»ù»Ý³·ñáõ³Í »õ áõÕÕáõ³Í Ñ»ï»õ»³É »É»ÏïñáÝÇù ѳëó¿Çݪ Email: torontohye@gmail.com


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19 Toronto Premiere of Mary Apick’s "Beneath the Veil" Iranian-born American actress Mary Apick is bringing her critically acclaimed show to ²äðÆÈ 2010 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

Toronto. Winner of the 2005 Los Angeles Theatre Festival’s Critics’ Choice Award, “Beneath the Veil” is the provocative portrayal of the true lives of women and girls in the 21st century who have been forced to cover their faces in public, as well as those who freely choose to wear the veil. The message of the play is "choice and freedom”—the birthright of every human, including women and girls. Using poetry, traditional music, and dance, “Beneath the Veil” relays the true-life stories of six different women in their journey for freedom, equality, and emancipation. It depicts the paradoxes that exist in the world today; of persons who are made to suffer in silence as a result of complex and idiosyncratic decrees and those who live in free and liberal states, where they are free to articulate and express their desire to embrace those very same idiosyncrasies. Critically acclaimed already in cities like Los Angeles and Washington DC, the play has gained a lot of momentum among Iranians and non-Iranians alike. An award winning actress and activist, Mary Apick had early success in her career in shows like “Octopus,” a long running “Saturday Night Live” type show on Iranian television. Mary went on to act in television, film and plays, becoming one of the most popular stars in Iran. She was the first Iranian actress to receive the Moscow Film Festival Best Actress Award for “Dead End.” She left Iran due to the revolution and started a new life in the United States, where she has since starred in several American productions, including the critically acclaimed “The Mission” and “Checkpoint.” She also played featured roles in productions such as the NBC miniseries “On Wings of Eagles,” and produced the MGM release, “Mind Games.” While working with partner, Bob Yari, prolific filmmaker and a producer of the Academy Award winning film “Crash,” Mary expanded her involvement in quality and socially significant projects, one of which has been “Beneath The Veil”. Mary’s mother Apick Youssefian is also a pioneer actress and producer in the field of theater, television, and cinema in Iran. She was the first woman television producer in the history of television for theatre. It worth noting that the Washington, D.C performance of the play was attended by First Lady Laura Bush with many other dignitaries. “Beneath The Veil” stars Mary Apick, Apick Youssefian and Ali Pourtash.

Armenian Team at 2010 Paralympics

Armenian Paralympic team with the Games° Mascot during the opening ceremonies. Armenia participated in the Paralympics of Vancouver 2010 that hosted 1,000 disabled athletes from 40 countries. The five member delegation comprised of the president of the Armenian National Paralympics Committee, Hakob Abrahamyan, two athletes, a trainer and a translator. The athletes were: Mher Avanesyan, a 28 year-old (from Mokhratagh in the Martakert region of Karabakh), who has lost both arms in an electric accident, and 25-year-old Gayane Usnyan, who has also lost a leg in the 1988 Spitak earthquake. Both athletes competed in the Giant Slalom event on March 18. Their trip was made possible by last minute sponsors.

AYT to host United We Rock! Concert to Raise Awareness for Human Rights

The Armenian Youth of Toronto (AYT) will be hosting “United We Rock!” The Concert for Human Rights on May 8, 2010, a concert to inform the public about international human rights violations. The public outdoor concert will be held at Toronto’s Yonge and Dundas Square from 12pm - 6pm. The event will feature a number of local established and up-and-coming artists from a variety of genres. The performance line up currently includes Amos the Transparent, Aramik, Karina Es, One Fell Swoop, Fame City Boiz, The Birds of Wales, and Graydon James and the Young Novelists. The idea for the concert “United We Rock!” initially began within the Armenian Community Centre, as an event to commemorate the 95th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. However, as the purpose of the event expanded to include other human right atrocities, AYT partnered with The Zoryan Institute, STAND Canada, Genocide Watch, and numerous other cultural and political organizations. At its essence, this event is about bringing attention to international human rights violations involving genocide, war crimes, racism, and the restriction of freedom of expression. With information booths set up along the perimeter of the concert space, partner and participating organizations will personally convey their specific message. “United We Rock!” is a free event, open to the general public. For more information visit www.unitedwerockconcert.com.


2010 20¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

TORONTO ARMENIANS

ARS Roubina Chapter Marks International Women’s Day In An Elaborate Banquet

Ann Cavoukian: Never say I can’t go on any more; always defy the odds by Karin Saghdejian On the sunny morning of March 7, more than 300 women flocked into the banquet Hall of the Westin Prince Hotel in Toronto to celebrate International Women’s Day (IWD) in an exquisite banquet. The event was organized by the ARS Roubina chapter as part of the Armenian Relief Society’s centennial celebrations. Mistresses of ceremonies, Yeranig Kassabian and Alik Farra in their welcoming remarks spoke about the circumstances of the birth of the ARS in New York a century ago, acknowledged its century long achievements and humanitarian and relief service worldwide, and saluted its devoted members. They also mentioned that IWD was first observed in the early 1900’s, as women became more vocal and active in campaigning for change and social rights. It’s worth noting that the UN’s motto for IWD this year is: Equal rights, Equal opportunities. Progress for all. While Catholicos Aram I, in a tribute to the ARS, has declared 2010 the “Year of Armenian Women”. The keynote speaker was Ann Cavoukian, the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario, one of the leading privacy experts in the world. Cavoukian is a remarkable woman who has overcome extreme personal hardship to become a highly successful personality in her field. She started off paying tribute and thanking her late parents who instilled in her the spirit of hope, perseverance and diligence. Showing pictures of her family an emotional Cavoukian spoke especially about her mother’s influence on her to get through her illness. “Without her strength I would not be here today,” she said. When Cavoukian was bedridden and her body had lost major functions (due to an inoperable cerebral tumor), her mother would never accept the sickness of her daughter and would imagine her recovered. And recover she did. She also healed a broken shoulder,

despite the predictions of doctors that it would take a medical miracle to restore it. But her unwavering determination paid off: after excruciating physiotherapy sessions she did recover and restore functionality to her right shoulder (she showed her hand working perfectly well). “Never say I can’t go anymore, go and defy the odds; you can do anything you put your mind to ” she advised. The commissioner then went on to recount the amazing survival story of her grandparents during the Genocide of 1915when her grandfather and his family escaped the death marches by the mere drawing skill he possessed which had impressed the Turkish Pasha. She also described her parent’s departure from Egypt for Canada in the late 1950s as an escape to freedom, a legacy she has integrated into her work as privacy expert. She elaborated on how freedom is integral to privacy by saying that the first thing totalitarian states do is take away the privacy Ontario Privacy Commissioner Ann Cavoukian during her lecture at IWD banquet of their citizens by collecting private organized by ARS Toronto Roubina chapter, March 7, at Westin Prince Hotel. information and manipulating them. “Our freedoms rest on the bedrock of privacy,” she said. She mentioned that the “privacy by design”, her signature ideas which seek to embed privacy terms into the design specifications of technology, is now used worldwide by leading high-tech companies like Intel, Microsoft and others. Cavoukian also cautioned against unprotected use of social networking sites (Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn) advising that whatever you post on the web won’t go away. She especially cautioned parents to advice kids against overuse of these websites. She said when on Internet always “think before you click”. Identity Theft, which is a huge industry in North America, was another topic Cavoukian touched upon. Always protect yourself with a strong password, don’t give information on the web and if you become a victim of a fraud immediately call police, your A captivated audience follows Cavoukian°s speech about her personal ordeal bank and visit the post office, she advised. and family’s survival story. At the end of her presentation the organizing committee presented her with a designer Talia, and fashion designer and Lazuli, Artinian Diamonds, Berc’s Jewelery, gift- a painting by renowned Armenian painter illustrator Taline Assadourian. Samples of Hallmark Canada, Mac and Guerlain, Krupps, their couture cloths, custom made jewellery, Salon Ambiance, Tabule restaurant, Bayview Dikran Madoulian. During the banquet four young artists wedding gowns and paintings were beautifully Village Spa, Westin Prince Hotel, Dr. from the community were featured: painter showcased in the corners of the hall. Hasserjian, Hamazkayin Library, and items After the brunch, a silent auction took from the featured artists. and instructor Garine Khatcherian, designer, stylist Stefani Hagopian (Stema), jewellery place, featuring gifts from Knar Jewllery, Lapis

Women Gather in New York City for ARS Centennial Celebration Armenian Relief Society (ARS) members from various countries, including Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, France, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, and the United States gathered in New York City March 12-14 to celebrate the o r g a n i z a t i o n ’s 1 0 0 t h a n n i v e r s a r y. The three-day celebration, organized by the ARS Central Executive Board, began with a gala evening at Carnegie Weill Recital Hall. Mistress of ceremonies Stephanie Mesropian began by reflecting on the 100 years of ARS service to Armenian communities worldwide. She described the humanitarian work of the ARS as it evolved during the past century and touched upon the organization’s future with special focus on the programs in Armenia, Artsakh (Karabagh), and Javakhk. She introduced the invited guests, including the benefactors, organizational representatives, church leaders, and UN representatives present. The evening’s keynote speaker, Mary Ellen Iskenderian, the president and CEO of Women’s World Banking, praised the ARS for its philanthropic and charitable work. She touched upon the changes in the non-profit

sector, mentioning that investment in women’s economic development has shown to be successful. She urged the gathering to continue promoting educational, healthcare, housing, and welfare issues for Armenian families throughout the world. Archbishop Oshagan Choloyan, Prelate of the Eastern Prelacy of the Armenian Apostolic Church of America, was invited to read the Pontifical Encyclical of His Holiness Aram I Catholicos of the Great House of Cilicia, who declared 2010 the “Year of the Armenian Woman” and congratulated the ARS on its 100 years of selfless service to the Armenian nation. The ambassador of the Republic of Armenia to the United States, Tatoul Markarian, delivered a message from Armenia’s minister of diaspora, Hranoush Hakobyan and urged the members to continue its mission. ARF Bureau member Hagop Der Khatchadourian and Dr. Vartan Gregorian, the president of the Carnegie Corporation and past recipient of ARS scholarships, offered their remarks. Vicky Marashlian, the

chairperson of the ARS Central Executive Board, then spoke about the work that the ARS has undertaken. “The ARS works on a full spectrum of issues, from local community efforts, to sheltering and feeding orphans in the homeland, to promoting awareness of our vibrant culture and of equal justice wherever and whenever people are denied basic rights,” she said. She emphasized that “we are an alliance of strong, passionate women catalyzing partnerships and leveraging human and financial capital to serve the needs of our people.” She presented the ARS “Ararat” Award to the Near East Foundation, an organization celebrating its 95th anniversary, as it was started the same year as the Armenian Genocide in 1915. Shant Mardirosian, the chairman of the Near East Foundation, accepted the award with great honor and thanked the ARS for acknowledging their work. The evening featured a vibrant performance by opera singers Yeghishe Manucharyan, tenor, and Victoria Avetisyan, mezzo-soprano. They were accompanied on

piano by Armine Vardanyan and on the glass harmonica by Alisa Nakashian-Holsberg. The celebration concluded with a reception that gave all those in attendance an opportunity to collectively congratulate the ARS’ 100 years of service to the Armenian people. The ARS members who had gathered from throughout the world also attended a one-day seminar on various topics, including UN NGOs, Armenian women and empowerment, international philanthropy, and internal organizational issues. The 100th anniversary is also being celebrated with local and regional events throughout the 26 countries where ARS entities are located. The New York-based gathering is part of a series of events that will culminate this fall with a pilgrimage to Der Zor, the desert in Syria where hundreds of thousands of Armenians perished during the genocide, and a week-long celebration in Armenia. (The Armenian Weekly)


TORONTO ARMENIANS

²äðÆÈ 2010 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

21

Interview with Immigration Minister Jason Kenney

ANCT chairman Shahen Mirakian recently sat down with the Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Jason Kenney and had the following interview with him regarding immigration issues and others related to the Canadian Armenian community. Shahen Mirakian: Minister, we recently became aware through media reports that there is a problem with fraudulent immigration consultants who promise easy entry into Canada and assistance with obtaining citizenship. Can you please tell us some of the things people should look for when selecting an immigration consultant, and the recent measures your department has taken to combat immigration fraud? Jason Kenney: Yes, we’re very concerned about the wide spread nature of immigration fraud that’s often fuelled by unscrupulous ghost consultants that exploit people’s desire of coming to or staying in Canada. That’s why I plan to come forward with legislation this spring that will toughen the criminal penalties for operating as an unlicensed immigration consultant or for providing people with advice to commit immigration fraud, which can forever put a black mark on their immigration history in Canada preventing them from coming here. So this we take very seriously, we’ve asked the Canadian Board of Services Agency and the RCMP to step up their enforcement efforts with respect to immigration offences and the throne speech mentioned that we will be bringing forward an action plan including legislation to crack down on unscrupulous ghost consultants, so I would ask people to stay tuned for that. ShM: Minister, could you please provide us with an update on the status of the program to expedite the acceptance of Iraqi Christians to Canada? JK: Well as you may know our government introduced last year special measures to triple the number of Iraqi refugees coming to Canada. So, over the course of three years we will be welcoming (we hope) some 12,000 Iraqi refugees, many of them Christians who have been bombed out of their homes or who have lost loved ones. We are working particularly with Churches and other Charitable Organizations to find new homes for these people in Canada. The Armenian community was one of the first to approach us three years ago about the plight of Iraqi Christian refugees which include of

by Frank Petizian*

course Armenians; and so we are encouraging the Armenian community to organize itself and open its doors to help these people resettle to Canada through what we call the Privately Sponsored Refugee Program. I’m pleased to hear that the Armenian National Committee has filed a sponsorship agreement with my Ministry which will facilitate the sponsorship of we hope hundreds of Iraqi Armenians to come to be resettled to Canada. I am a little concerned because the sponsorship requests from Canada (from churches for instance), have not kept pace with the numbers of Iraqi refugees who we are prepared to send to Canada. So we need the churches including the Armenian Community to pick up the pace and to devote significant resources to helping to resettle these people to give them a new beginning. I’ve visited them in the camps, in Damascus Syria last summer and I just call on people to be compassionate and to open their homes and open their parishes to these folks. ShM: We understand that the new knowledge test for Canadian citizenship has recently been implemented in the last week or so. Can you give us an update or how is it going so far? JK: I think so far very well. This is based on our new citizenship study guide “Discover Canada”, the idea of which is to increase the knowledge of the values, symbols and institutions that are rooted in Canadian history, not only for new comers but even for old stock Canadians. We need to approve what we call Civic Literacy, the knowledge of our Country and what its beliefs and customs are. For example, one of the statements in our new citizenship book is that equality of men and women is an important value in Canada and such barbaric cultural practices as honour killings or female mutilation or forced marriages are unacceptable and are illegal and will be prosecuted to the full force of the law. So, we are very frank in the book about what expectations there are on people to integrate and that there are not only rights in becoming Canadian citizens but also responsibilities and obligations. We want to make sure that with the high levels of immigration we are maintaining in Canada,

ANCT chairman Shahen Mirakian with Minister of Immigration Jason Kenney (left). that we don’t end up with the kind of social fracturing or radicalization that we’ve seen for example in parts of Western Europe. We want our diversity to immigration to lead to social cohesion to respect for our democratic values and that’s why we’ve brought in the new study guide and I think the new test will raise the bar a little bit, it will be a little more difficult for people to study and then pass it than before. That’s a good thing. We’re ambitious for newcomers to succeed and we don’t underestimate their intelligence or ability to learn this information. ShM: Recently the Turkish Prime Minister stated that he was going to deport 100.000 Armenian guest workers as a response to the recognition of the Armenian Genocide by Sweden's legislature and the Foreign Affairs Committee of the US House of Representatives. For many Armenians these statements are reminiscent of the deportations that took place during the Armenian Genocide and bring back stories we heard from our parents and grandparents about the caravans of death. What are your thoughts about this statement, especially as you are a Minister of Citizenship and Immigration? JK: It’s hard for me to comment on it because first I’ve heard about it is now, so I can’t really comment on something I’m not familiar with. Obviously, we encourage all countries to treat their minority populations including the immigrant and guest worker communities with full dignity and respect and I would hope that no country would treat a

minority differently because of foreign or international politics. We would obviously be very disappointed if any country was engaged in a kind of racial or ethnic targeting because of issues that are happening on the international stage. ShM: This is a question you get every time from us, as you know people from Armenia who are wishing to visit Canada face delays and difficulties because the visa services are in the Canadian embassy in Moscow, which is quite a distance a way to fly. We’re just wondering what can be done to improve this situation? JK: Well, I understand the concerns. We have looked at the possibility of creating a Canadian office in Yerevan but frankly we have constraints on our resources and the numbers of visitors and immigrants from Armenia at this point would not justify the enormous expense of creating an office. You need to understand, it’s very very expensive for us to establish oversees offices with the security requirements it costs us frankly nearly a million dollars to place a single Canadian public servant at any mission abroad, because of all of the associated costs. The minimum cost of setting up an office is several million dollars, which in this time of budgetary constraints is just not available, but I take note of the Community’s concerns about this and I would certainly like to see the day when we have a full diplomatic presence on the ground in the Republic of Armenia, but I don’t think that’s realistic in the short term because of the very tight fiscal constraints.

Five Years of Learning Armenian the Fun Way

The Halton-Peel Armenian Saturday School, whose mission statement is “to learn Armenian in a fun way,” is currently celebrating its 5th year of operation. This school had its humble beginnings as a necessity for the Oakville and Mississauga regions. In prior years, there was a small number of mostly Eastern Armenian students gathering to learn Armenian every Saturday. The limited numbers were a concern for Lily Sarian, the teacher running the current classroom. In order to increase the number of students, a decision was made to build on this already tremendous effort by offering both Western and Eastern Armenian classes. This was the seed that started the process for a new school. It was painfully obvious why many Armenian families in the Missisauga and Oakville communities were not involving their children in Armenian classes. The one hour drive to Toronto for the nearest Armenian school prevented them from doing so. “It’s too far to go to Armenian school” a local Armenian child complains. This legitimate complaint was the heart of an important regional need. “We felt compelled to open a school closer to home and to help the children cultivate their Armenian heritage” says Christine Ermarkaryan. The original committee members who initiated this endeavour were Lily Sarian, Christine Ermarkaryan, Berdj Artinian , Onnig Pilibossian, and Sarkis Hamboyan. During their initial meeting, the first topic that was discussed was how to motivate the children attending Saturday school. “We know that children generally do not want to come to Saturday school,” says Ermarkaryan. “Our goal was to determine methods and styles that would encourage the children to attend the classes. Therefore, we wanted to create a learning environment that was fun and interesting at the same time. In this way, the child would be more willing to come to the school.” Continued attendance was set as a key goal. When students come together consistently, friendships are formed and thus the forum is set for learning anything new together. With the help of dedicated certified teachers the staff was able to apply proven teaching strategies and games from the Ministry of Education to teach Armenian in a modern and motivating way. As a result, the children are learning the language without feeling like they are learning. Consistent attendance levels, week after week, are proof of this fun and

motivating environment. The curriculum for this school does not concentrate on language alone. Realistically, two and a half hours a week is not sufficient to teach a language effectively. It is particularly difficult for students that are from mixed marriages who do not know the Armenian language well. To compound the learning difficulty further, when a cultural school such as this one starts out, one needs to consider the limited amount of students and the age difference of the children. “We felt that if we concentrated too much on language, we would lose many students. Therefore, we decided to teach language, culture, history and music in small distinct 20 see page 29 *with the Staff of the Halton-Peel Armenian Saturday School


2010 22 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

TORONTO ARMENIANS

“Just Poems” do justice to Genocide victims, survivors and descendants by Arsho Zakarian The literary gathering at Hamazkayin Toronto Library on February 21st proved to be touching, reflective, educational and at the same time painful event. The master of ceremony Varak Babian, on behalf of Armen Karo Student Association and Hamazkayin Klatzor chapter’s Library Committee, gave a warm welcome to the guest, and to the audience. He then introduced the guest poet, Prof. Alan Whitehorn, who teaches History, Political Science and Genocide courses at the Royal Military College and is the author of many books, the most recent being “Ancestral Voices” and “Just Poems”. Whitehorn shared a special relationship with his maternal grandmother, an orphaned survivor of the Armenian Genocide, and was inspired by her story, resilience and courage. He later would dedicate multiple books and lectures on human rights Genocide, and its denial. Raffi Sarkissian, a teacher of the “Geno­ cide and Crimes against Humanity” course at the ARS High School, explored the book through the reflections and impressions of his students. Three students, Talar Hasserjian, Armen Baliozian and Sebouh Yacoubian and past

Ani Sharabkhanian

Armen Baliozian

of Genocide victims. Also, it summons us to reflect on the many aspects of the Armenian Genocide. It opens our minds to ideas and raises questions. It surfaces feelings and emotions. It serves as our conscience, re­ minding us of memories we have intentionally and unintentionally buried in our past, and of obligations we have to the past and the future generations,” he said.

Alan Whitehorn and Raffi Sarkissian. student Ani Sharabkhanian read different poems: “Memory”, “What Do I Say When the Last Survivor of the Genocide Dies”, Genocide Memorial” and “How Do We remember the Dead”. Whitehorn signed his books with a vision­ ary phrase “In hope of a world without Geno­ cide”. Sarkissian explained the message as a call to a universal movement to end geno­ cides. “A movement we are all a part of, whether we know it or not as the descendants

Sarkissian said that Prof. Whitehorn’s poetry was a perfect way to help his students grapple with concepts of memory, justice and identity. “They found the language of our suffering and a vivid depiction of their emotions in the poems,” he said. He then read some of the insightful com­ ments of his students: “Memory is a path to powerful transformation and education”, “De­ nial has restricted survivors from the oppor­ tunity to see justice”, “If it wasn’t for memory,

Sebouh Yacoubian

we would not have the knowledge we have today, even if it was long time ago, yes, we still need to know”, and “We must remember the past and strive forward to recognition. Memory educates us and breaks the cycle of genocide. We must recall the past and survivors and the connection to the past.” The denial of the Armenian Genocide prompted the students to reflect as follows: “We remember the dead and defy denial and this acts as their grave”, “Denial is picking at our wounds, preventing them from healing”, “By remembering our dead, we remember our culture, language and traditions.” Sarkis­ sian concluded his presentation by assuring Prof. Whitehorn that his personal journey through poetry has resonated with teachers and students. The book is an invaluable teach­ ing tool and a fountain of inspiration in the campaign against denial and in the pursuit of justice. The power of the pen inspires future generations to find their own ways to search for identity, hold on to memory and to seek justice as Whitehorn has weaved so elegantly and poetically. Prof Whitehorn explained that our history defines us and we are very much defined by the Genocide. Our identity is fragmented, therefore, it is important to teach, share and learn. It is doubly important to face the challenges and the hurdles. Our personal history is also the history of the Diaspora and of Armenia, especially now that we are at momentous times, facing Turkish-Armenian Protocols and the 95th memorial year of the Genocide. Whitehorn did not start out as an aca­ demic writing on Genocide. Thirty years ago he tried to fill the gaps in his personal knowl­ edge of that fateful year of the Armenian Genocide in 1915. He went through microfilm looking at the accounts in the old Toronto Globe. A decade later, the Globe published a letter from the Turkish Embassy denying

Varak Babian the Armenian Genocide. In response, he replied using the powerful headlines of the same newspaper from 1915. It was a pivotal moment in his career, and he was subse­ quently invited to a conference on ethnic and religious minorities in the Ottoman Empire. He joined a colleague, Lorne Shirinian, and each contributed a chapter to the confer­ ence book. Later these chapters became the basis for “The Armenian Genocide: Resisting the Inertia of Indifference” book. It was intend­ ed to give the Canadian Senate and House of Commons a historical background and Canadian perspective on 1915 Genocide, hoping it would help politicians understand the importance of a vote to recognize the Armenian Genocide. The collective efforts were successful. Some of his poems were read into debates and records of both legis­ lative chambers. Threats to silence the aca­ demics and authors have created the need to write. The power of poetry to convey can reach many levels. And he, the author now has become an advocate of freedom and human rights. The goal of “Just Poems” is to offer insight into the aspects and phrases of genocide and to reach audiences through the heart and imagination, with more personal and subjec­ tive accounts not just by detached academic format. Whitehorn has divided his poems under different headings. They give the reader the broad scope and the devastating effect of genocide. The heroic witnesses of the unex­ plainable, the denial, the quest for justice, recognition, hope and the Armenian fragment­ ed identity are some of the themes of his poems. Whitehorn explained further during the question and answer period, followed by the signing of his books. The hospitality and informal conversations continued.

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TORONTO ARMENIANS

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Barbara Coloroso Lectured about Bullying, Hate Crimes and Genocide “It’s a short walk from bullying to hate crimes to genocide”, she said. by Karin Saghdejian Canadian Armenian teachers had a unique opportunity to listen to the internation­ ally renowned author and educator Barbara Coloroso speaking about her landmark book on bullying and genocide on March 3, 2010 at St. Mary’s Armenian Apostolic Church’s Parish Hall. The event was organized by Armenian Certified Teachers’ Association of Ontario (ACTAO) on the occasion of the 95th anniver­ sary of the Armenian Genocide, which the Armenians are marking worldwide this year. In her opening remark, ACTAO chairper­ son Lucie Gharibian welcomed the teachers and the distinguished guest who she charac­ terized as the one who undoubtedly planted the seeds for the course on Genocides now offered by the Toronto District School Board (TDSB). Hasmik Kurdian presented Coloroso the educator through her numerous books on parenting, bullying and hate crimes and geno­ cide. She said her latest book, “Extraordinary Evil: A Brief History of Genocide...and Why it Matters” launched in 2007, which encompass­ es the three major genocides of the 20th century (Armenian, Jewish, Roma and Sinti, and Tutsi in Rwanda), had a great effect on educators and was included in the TDSB’s resource booklist despite a Turkish lobbying campaign. Coloroso’s research and writings in the field of parenting and education have led her to explore the attitude of intolerance and contempt that lead to acts of genocide. A fierce believer in school ethics and proper, responsible schoolyard conduct, Col­ oroso has been writing and lecturing since 1994 about how to raise children with a strong sense of inner discipline, and a compassionate and responsible attitude towards their school­ mates. A witty Coloroso expanded on the subject of contempt that can express itself in school­

yards in the form of bullying and in communi­ ties in the form of hate crimes and interna­ tionally in acts of genocide. “It’s a short walk from bullying to hate crimes to genocide”, she said. Coloroso, a former catholic nun, was first introduced to genocides through Elie Wiesel’s Night, and became interested in the field after being motivated by human right activist Stephen Lewis. She distinguished between bullying and conflict: “Bullying is not about anger or conflict, it’s about contempt- a strong feeling of dislike towards someone considered worthless or inferior”, she said. She counted the stages of bullying- ver­ bal, physical and relational- and how in geno­ cide verbal abuse leads to relational mistreat­ ment and crimes. She gave examples of how soon-to-become victims are first dehumanized by verbal abuse before their mistreatment Educator and author Barbara Coloroso speaks to the Canadian Armenian teachers and victimization begins and ends in full on March 3, at the Parish Hall of St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church. fledged assaults (Armenians were called nonbelievers, Jews vermin and Tutsis cockroach­ es before their victimization began). She said students are usually reticent to complain about being bullied because of fear of retaliation or feelings of helplessness and shame. She warned against signs of bullyinglack of interest in school, taking an unusual route to school, withdrawal from family and social activities and physical signs of discom­ fort- urging parents and teachers to take action. Speaking about bystanders, she said these students typically stand by or look away while witnessing a bullying act. The same behaviour during genocide, leads to a legiti­ mization of the crime. Coloroso also pointed out the disengaged onlookers, who stay apart by justifying their action as being advised not to call, or the positive onlookers who are either afraid or think it might be worse for the victim if they Renowned educator signing her books. speak out. “Sometimes ironically our kids learn to take fun out of the pain of others. But olution and reconciliation; to nurture empathy, and civil rights. “Conflict can be resolved but bullying has we need to cultivate in them the spirit of to cultivate friendship skills, to teach them not compassion and speaking out against an to exclude anyone and to care deeply for to be stopped,” she concluded. After the lecture teachers and attendees injustice and taking responsibility for each each other. She expressed dismay at how incidents had the opportunity to chat with the educator other,” she said. She advised the teachers to inculcate of bullying and hate crimes are on the rise, and have copies of Coloroso’s books signed discipline in students through restitution, res­ despite the advances we witness in human by the author.

Genocide Education for Prevention at Ryerson University by Raffi Sarkissian More than 200 students and academicians attended the colloquium organized by the Armenian Students’ Association at Ryerson University. The colloquium, titled “Genocide and its Aftermath: Education for Prevention”, was organized on the occasion of the 95th Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. The event, which took place on March 18, was made possible with the support of the Ryerson University Administration and Staff, who were determined to hold the event as a response to the university’s inadvertent participation in an event cosponsored by the Federation of Turkish Canadian Associations and featuring Armenian Genocide denial on campus last year. The participating academics were Dr. Gregory Stanton, , James Farmer Professor of Human Rights at Mary Washington College, Dr. Yair Auron, Professor of Sociology, Political Science, and Communication at The Open University of Israel and Dr. Frank Chalk, Director of the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies at Concordia University. They addressed the issues of genocide recognition, prevention and denial. In his speech entitled "Twelve Ways to Deny a Genocide” Dr. Stanton spoke about the methods used by perpetrators in denying genocide and made references to how the Turkish Government employs them within the country and abroad. Dr. Auron in his talk entitled "Israel and the Armenian Genocide” discussed the State of Israel’s unwillingness to recognize the Armenian Genocide and the irony of genocide denial by a state whose people suffered the same fate. He outlined the many occasions where the Jewish people refer to the Armenian Genocide and use stories of Armenian resistance, as in Musa Dagh, as a source of inspiration during the genocide of the Jews. He showed disappointment toward the modern day denial practiced by Israel for the sake of personal and political interests. Dr. Chalk in a presentation entitled "Mobilising the will to intervene in Canada: Lessons Learned from Rwanda and Kosovo" gave the audience insight into tools and methods at our disposal with which states can act as watchdogs and help prevent cases of genocide. Through his discussion on the “will to intervene”, Chalk expressed concern about humanity’s continued failure in preventing genocides, despite increased knowledge and understanding on the matter. He highlighted Canada’s continued commitment to execute the “Responsibility to Protect” as a means to preventing future cases of genocide.

Drs. Frank Chalk, Yair Auron and Gregory Stanton during the colloquium on the Armenian Genocide at Ryerson University, March 18, Toronto. The audience had the opportunity to ask questions to the panel after the lectures. Interesting discussions took place on the Turkish Prime Minister’s recent threats to deport Armenians living in Turkey, recent Turkish denialist behaviour in light of recognition by the Foreign Affairs Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives and the Swedish parliament, and on the issue of reparations. The Turkish Government and its affiliates will unfortunately continue to operate their denial machine internationally, but will fail to achieve their goals, as long as our academic institutions dedicate the time and resources, as Ryerson University did with this lecture, to educate and spread awareness about the dangers of genocide denial and the consequences of our failure to prevent future cases of genocide.


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ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

Dr. Bedross Der Matossian lectures on the Armenian Genocide through the Prism of the Adana Massacres The Zoryan Institute presented a lecture by Dr. Bedross Der Matossian entitled “The Armenian Genocide through the Prism of the Adana Massacres,” held at the Toronto French School. In exploring the importance of the events of 1909 to the understanding of the larger scope of violence inflicted on the Armenian population, Dr. Der Matossian’s lecture dealt with the Young Turk revolution of 1908, the counter-revolution, and the Adana massacres of 1909, which became a turning point for the Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire. Unlike the existing historiographies on the subject, Dr. Der Matossian provided a new analysis of the massacres by examining the erosion of social and political stability in Anatolia in general, and in Adana in particular. The lecturer explained the rising ethnic tensions in Adana after the revolution and their culmination in the massacres, with specific attention given to the role of media as a vehicle for instigation of violence against the vulnerable population. “The study of ethnic strife, violence, and repression in the Ottoman Empire in general, and in Anatolia in particular, remains marginalized in the historiography of the Ottoman Empire. Only a handful of scholars have attempted to put these subjects at the core of their inquiries. However, most of these works concentrate on the Armenian Genocide during World War I, and do not consider the incidents of violence prior to the War.” With these words, Dr. Bedross Der Matossian explained how the study of the Adana Massacres has,

unfortunately, often been neglected. As Dr. Der Matossian expressed in his lecture, the Adana massacres of 1909 became a turning point for the Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire and were one of the earliest manifestations of violence during the Second Constitutional Period 1908-1918. Furthermore, he stated that the massacres represented a microcosm of the deterioration of ethnic conflict in Anatolia and its culmination in the destruction of the indigenous Armenian population during World War I. “Understanding the factors and the motives that led to the enactment of violence will shed new light on understanding the future acts of violence perpetrated against the indigenous Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire” expressed Dr. Der Matossian. “I do not suggest that there is a direct link between the Adana Massacres and the Armenian Genocide. Rather, what I suggest is that the methodology used by the local and regional actors to perpetrate the Adana massacres in 1909 is the same methodology that we see during the Armenian Genocide in 1915,” he concluded. Dr. Der Matossian is a full-time lecturer in Middle East History at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and specializes in Ethnic Politics in the Middle East. He completed his Ph.D. at Columbia University in Middle East History in the Department of Middle East and Asian Languages and Cultures. He is proficient in Arabic, Armenian, Hebrew, modern and Ottoman Turkish, and Ladino and is also familiar with

Dr. Bedross Der Matossian French, and German. His knowledge of languages has been instrumental in his research and has allowed him to perform extensive work in historical archives from various countries. Most recently he has curated the Stanley E. Kerr papers in the Zoryan Institute archives. Dr. Kerr was an American medical missionary in Marash, and is also the author of Lions of Marash, published in 1973. Kerr’s personal papers, full of eyewitness information and analysis about the politics and violence in the region, and over 80 photographs, along with a detailed analytical catalogue prepared by Dr. Der Matossian are now freely available on the Zoryan Institute’s website.

IIGHR Announces Summer 2010 Genocide and Human Rights University Program The International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies announced the 9th year of the Genocide and Human Rights University Program (”GHRUP”). The Program, which will be held August 2-13 in Toronto, is offered in collaboration with the University of Toronto, which allows registered students to earn graduate-level credits. The GHRUP not only features expert instructors, but the program is often described by students as a life-changing experience. “The GHRUP offers a brilliant opportunity for everyone who is interested in deepening their understanding of the phenomenon of genocide and ways we can work for its prevention. Its high academic standard, friendly and encouraging atmosphere provide a great setting to tackle and process one of the most destructive sides of human existence, ” says a graduate. Incorporating genocide theory, history, sociology, political science and international law, and through a comparative analysis of several case studies ( the Armenian Genocide, the Holocaust, Cambodia, Rwanda, Darfur) and a number of special themes, the GHRUP explores issues such as: The Foundations of Human Rights, International Politics and Genocide, International Law and Genocide, The Preconditions of Genocide, Patterns of Genocide, Conflict Resolution & Reconciliation, Genocide Denial and Prevention. GHRUP instructor Major Brent Beardsley, an officer with the UN peacekeeping forces and an eyewitness to the Rwandan Genocide, expressed the course’s ability to “look at the bigger crime of genocide but always focus on, at the very heart of it, the horrendous human tragedy, and the responsibility we have to maintain their memory and to pass that memory on to others.” Prof. Herbert Hirsch of Virginia Commonwealth University, one of the editors of Genocide Studies & Prevention: An International Journal, and a teacher of prevention at the GHRUP commented, “The Genocide and Human Rights University Program is ... one of the only programs that I have in fact ever heard of where students are in attendance for two very intense weeks, eight hours a day, where they are exposed to some of the leading scholars in their field to teach their specialties....Here they are exposed to ... eight different professors, all of whom are doing what they know best. Students get to interact with them, they get to interact with each other, they learn from the professors, they learn from each other, and the professors learn from the students. This is, in fact, a unique educational experience for everyone who participates.”

IIGHR Summer 2009 Students and faculty members Credits Students currently registered at the University of Toronto and graduate students from any university in Ontario may receive credit with no additional cost in tuition. Undergraduate students registered at other institutions across the province may make special arrangements for the same privilege. Students in other jurisdictions who wish to take the course for credit must make special arrangements with their local institution. Applicants must be current or recent university students with a minimum of three years of undergraduate experience. The International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (A Division of the Zoryan Institute) is dedicated to scholarly research and the dissemination of knowledge regarding the phenomenon of genocide in all of its aspects, to create an awareness of it as an ongoing scourge, and to promote the necessity of preventing it. Details and registration information are available on www.genocidestudies.org or by emailing: admin@genocidestudies.org

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ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

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Key US House Panel Passes Armenian Genocide Bill Turkey recalls ambassador, Armenia Hails the ‘Yes’ Vote, H. Clinton finds it “inappropriate” Against the backdrop of severe opposition and pressure, the Armenian Genocide resolution, H.Res. 252, cleared a critical hurdle on March 4, when the House Foreign Affairs Committee voted in favor of the bill—23 to 22—paving the way for a vote by the entire House of Representatives. The passage of the bill elicited immediate House Foreign Affairs Committee reactions, with Secretary of State Hillary Chairman, Howard Berman Clinton calling on the entire House to not pass “We condemn this resolution which accuses the measure, and the Turkish government the Turkish nation of a crime it has not recalling its newly-appointed ambassador to committed. Following this development, our ambassador to Washington, Namik Tan, was the US. Three Genocide survivors and several recalled to Ankara for consultations.” Armenian National Committee of America members of the Armenian-American community, as well as Armenia’s ambassador (ANCA) celebrated passing of the bill. “The to the US Tatul Markarian and an Armenian Committee’s message was simple yet parliamentary delegation were on hand during powerful: Turkey doesn’t get a vote or a veto in the U.S. Congress,” said its chairman Ken the vote. In his introductory remarks, Berman Hachikian. “A moral foreign policy has always been underlined the undisputed fact of the Armenian Genocide, noted that the overwhelming among our strongest assets and one of the majority of scholars affirm the fact of the greatest forces for good in the world. Despite genocide, and urged his colleagues for vote Turkey’s last minute threats and intimidation, for it. He added, “It is now time for Turkey to Chairman Berman and the House Foreign acknowledge the reality of the Armenian Affairs Committee have shown that it’s always the right time to do the right thing,” concluded Genocide.” The passage of this resolution by the Hachikian. Representative Adam Schiff (D-CA) also committee is a tribute to the hard work of the Armenian-American community against praised the passage of the resolution he substantial lobbying by the government of authored recognizing and commemorating Turkey. the Armenian Genocide. Turkey immediately recalled its “One and a half million Armenians were ambassador to the U.S. for consultations. deliberately murdered in the first genocide of Turkish government spokesman said: the 20th century. If we are to avoid this horrific

Armenian Genocide survivors wait to hear the result of the US House panel vote on the Armenian Genocide Bill. crime in the future, we must be willing to condemn genocide whenever and wherever it occurs.” said Schiff. “Today’s Committee passage clears a major hurdle in moving this resolution forward.” Before the the vote, Secretary Clinton said the full U.S. Congress shouldn’t vote on a resolution passed by a House committee. “We do not believe that the full Congress will or should vote on that resolution and we have made that clear to all the parties involved,” Clinton told reporters. After remaining silent during the vote, both President Obama and Clinton made an eleventh-hour effort to derail the hearing, saying that the Genocide issue was a matter to be resolved between Turkey and Armenia and that the resolution would adversely impact the Armenia-Turkey protocols now awaiting ratification in the parliaments of the two countries. After speaking to Turkish President Abdullah Gul on March 3, Clinton reached out to Berman. “Secretary Clinton called Chairman Berman and in that conversation the Secretary

indicated that further Congressional action could impede progress on normalization of relations,” said National Security Staff spokesman Mike Hammer. The conversation took place after the president spoke with President Gul and “expressed appreciation” for his and Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s “efforts on normalization of relations between Turkey and Armenia.” The president also “pressed for rapid ratification of the protocols,” Hammer said, referring to efforts at normalization between Armenia and Turkey.

The final vote tally Yes= 17 (Democrat) + 6 (Republican) = 23 No = 9 (Democrat) + 13 (Republican) = 22 Absent = 1 (Democrat) = 1 Total = 46

Swedish Parliament Recognizes the Armenian Genocide Prime Minister Reinfeldt apologizes to Turkey, while Armenia thanks Sweden The Parliament of Sweden on March 11 recognized the Armenian Genocide after a long debate with a vote of 131 to 130. The debate lasted more than five hours. The resolution mandates Sweden to officially describe the large-scale murders of Armenians and other ethnic groups in Turkey in the early years of the last century as genocide. The motion was supported by members of five of the seven Swedish parliamentary parties including the Left Party, whose foreign policy spokesperson Hans Linde said the time had come for Sweden to take a stand on the issue. “First, to learn from history and stop it from repeating and second, to encourage the development of democracy in Turkey, which includes dealing with its own history. The third reason is to redress the wrongs committed against the victims and their relatives,” added Linde. The committee in its comments on the motion argued for an open debate on the issue. It also stated that the persecution of the Armenians and other ethnic groups in

1915 would have constituted genocide according to the definition adopted by the United Nations in its 1948 genocide convention if it “had it been in force at the time.” The Swedish parliament voted on the issue before, even approving a report in 2000 recognizing the disappearance of as many as 2.5 million Armenians, Chaldeans, Syrians, Assyrians and Pontian Greeks beginning on April 1915 as genocide. But the recognition was later withdrawn.

PM Apologizes to Turkey for Parliament Vote

On March 13, Swedish Prime Minister Frederick Reinfeldt apologized to his Turkish counterpart, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, for the resolution passed by the Swedish Parliament recognizing the Armenian Genocide. Reinfeldt said, “The government is absolutely against the resolution, which was ratified as a result of domestic policy, and it will have no sanction or exercise power.” He added that Sweden will not allow the resolution to affect relations will Turkey. Erdogan, in turn, demanded that Sweden “take steps to remedy this mistake.” He canceled his visit to Stockholm. Turkey also recalled its ambassador to Sweden for consultations. Later foreign minister Ahmet Davutoglu announced that Turkey was “satisfied” by Swedish government statements opposing the parliament’s move and that the ambassador to Sweden, Zergun Korutürk, will return soon to Stockholm.

Armenia Thanks Sweden

Armenia thanked Sweden's parliament for adopting a resolution that recognizing the Armenian Genocide. President Serzh Sarkisian hailed the development at a meeting with Goran Lennmarker, the visiting chairman of the Swedish parliament's foreign affairs committee. He said “recognition of and condemnation of crimes against humanity is the best way to avert such crimes.”

Lennmarker, who is better known in Armenia as the Nagorno-Karabakh rapporteur of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly, visited the Yerevan memorial-Tsitsernagapert. Parliament speaker Hovik Abrahamian also welcomed the resolution. “I think that with its historic decision Sweden's parliament ... will also contribute to peace and stability in the South Caucasus,” Abrahamian said in a letter to his Swedish counterpart, Per Westerberg.


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ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

Sarkisian: ‘Auschwitz is the Der Zor of the Jews’

Your Eminences, Ladies and Gentlemen, I am here today since I could not but be here. It is the greatest grief of my nation that has brought me here, the grief of the first genocide of the 20th century and the greatest disgrace of civilized humanity. Up to this moment, in the 21st century, the stigma of that disgrace still remains on the foreheads of all those who have turned the denial of the evident facts into their policy, turned it into their bargaining chip and into their lifestyle and norm of behavior. In the desert of Der Zor, the most monstrous acts of the tragedy took place, and it is neither possible to articulate the particulars of that tragedy in the language of human beings, nor am I going do that since these particulars are well-known even to those who publicly deny the veracity of the genocide. Bereft of home and property, bereft of children and parents, bereft of health and the last hope, and finally bereft of the most important—their homeland—these people were doomed to lose the last thing they had—their life in accordance with the state orchestrated and meticulously developed plan of extermination. Quite often historians and journalists soundly compare Der Zor with Auschwitz, saying that “Der Zor is the Auschwitz of the Armenians.” I think that the chronology forces us to formulate the facts in a reverse way: “Auschwitz is the Der Zor of the Jews.” Only a generation later humanity witnessed the Der Zor of the Jews. Today, as the president of the Republic of Armenia, the homeland of all Armenians, I am here to ask: “Where and when will be held our Nuremberg?” I’m here to commemorate and to pray for the vast majority of my slaughtered nation that had suffered both physical and cultural extermination. I will elaborate neither on the quality,

nor on the quantity of the loss. Let me recall a single fact: As a result of the genocide the greatest share of the dialects of one of the most ancient Indo-European languages— Armenian—was irreversibly eradicated along with its speakers. In spite of all that happened, we say that we are ready to establish normal diplomatic relations with the modern Turkey, we are ready to have open borders and economic relations, we are ready to make efforts towards building confidence between the peoples of Armenia and Turkey, we are ready to bring closer the two societies by breaking stereotypes and myths that have nothing to do with the reality and were developed in decades of dearth of any sensible contact. We do this sincerely since we believe that there is no alternative to the living and development between neighbors through the implementation of what is proposed and still at the table, at least to start it. The signing of the ArmenianTurkish protocols presented us with an historic opportunity that should have a logical destiny. We, however, do not accept the style of references to the Armenian-Turkish dialogue in attempts to avoid the recognition of the genocide. I do not think it helps the process. Moreover, it is irrelevant to cite some commission of historians since the Armenian-Turkish protocols provide for merely a governmental sub-commission on the historic dimension. I assume everyone understands what it means and what the difference is. I ask all those who will have an occasion to elaborate or express themselves on the topic of the recognition of the Armenian Genocide: remember of this desert, millions of ruined human fortunes, and this ancient people deprived of their motherland and with pain in their hearts, before you make up your minds. In 1915 the greatest Armenian poets of the 20th century— 35-year-old Daniel Varoujan and 37-year-old Atom Yarjanian (Siamanto)—had also been slaughtered. Before being tortured to death, they were undressed, because they wore European clothes. In those times and places European clothes were quite expensive. The executioners dressed up in European clothing stolen from the Armenian geniuses encompassing millennia old civilization, stolen from ordinary Armenians. I would not interpret symbols signified in these images

Clinton Calls Bill “Inappropriate” Later, the Obama administration characterized the passage of the resolution was “inappropriate. “We have made that clear to all parties involved,” said Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to Turkish journalists. When she was asked: “Before entering the administration, both you and President Obama supported the campaign to label 1915 incidents as ‘genocide.’ Could you explain why you and the president have reversed course on this issue?” Clinton responded: “I think circumstances have changed in very significant ways...The process undertaken by Switzerland in bringing the Turkish and Armenian governments

together was a very worthy one that we intended to support, and we have done so. I do not think it is for any other country to determine how two countries resolve matters between them, to the extent that actions that the United States might take could disrupt this process,” she said. “President Obama and I have made clear…that we do not believe any action by the Congress is appropriate, and we oppose it. We do not believe that the full Congress will or should act upon that resolution, and we have made that clear to all the parties involved,” the Hurriyet Daily News cited Clinton as saying.

Armenia Hails the ‘Yes’ Vote Politicians in Armenia welcomed the vote by the US Congressional committee. Armenian president Robert Kocharian, who was visiting Brussels when the vote took place, hailed the outcome as a triumph for Armenians worldwide. On the question of the implications for Armenia’s relations with Turkey, he said, “Recognition of a historic injustice cannot damage bilateral relations.” In Armenia, the view among experts seems to be that relations with Turkey are unlikely to deteriorate drastically, partly because Ankara cannot afford to make things worse than they are now. “The border is closed, there are no diplomatic ties, and trade is carried out through third countries,” said political analyst Alexander Iskandarian. “The resolution will be forgotten in a few months’ time. But it is not just a resolution, it’s a process of recognising the genocide, it’s a train that has started moving.” He predicted, “If Turkey continues on the path it’s on now, in other words seeking membership of the western community, then in five, ten or 15 years it will inevitably find itself having to improve its relationship with Armenia.” Haik Demoyan, the director of Yerevan’s Genocide Museum Institute, agreed, telling Armenian Public Radio that, “when a country closes its border with its neighbour, imposes a blockade on it and severs diplomatic ties, the only thing worse that one can imagine happening is a war. I don’t think Turkey will dare complicate relations further.” Vahan Hovhannissian, the deputy speaker of the Armenian parliament and one of the leaders of the nationalist Dashnaktsutiun party, argued that recognition of the genocide might actually serve to unblock relations with Turkey. “The argument that recognition of the Armenian genocide is going to damage efforts to normalise Armenian-Turkish relations is completely wrong,” he said. “On the contrary, so long as the genocide remains unrecognised at an international level, Turkey will not have an interest in improving relations with Armenia and the Armenians.” (RFE/RL, Asbarez)

Armenian president S. Sargsyan speaks during his visit to Der Zor on March 24. but I am unequivocally convinced: While preaching European apparel, manners, or values, no one has a right to cast these images into oblivion. I am here to remind you of the well-known words: “It is impossible to kill a nation that does not want to die.” We mean to live and to grow. It is no more possible to intimidate or blackmail us since we have seen the most horrible. We shall continue to live and create with double vigor for us and for our innocent victims. We look forward to sharing with each other, and sharing with the world the brightness and glow that Daniel Varuzhan and Atom Yarjanian did not have the chance to share. And here, in Der Zor, we firmly and loudly say over and over again that we are, shall exist, and will flourish. (The Armenian Weekly)

Profiting From Genocide Denial: Defense Industry CEO’s Urge Congress To Oppose Armenian Genocide Legislation

Placing profit over human rights, the Chief Executive Officers of five top defense firms have urged Congress to block a measure calling for U.S. affirmation of the Armenian Genocide, reported the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA). “Lobbying against genocide recognition for financial gain is morally reprehensible – whether it’s the Armenian Genocide, the Holocaust or the ongoing genocide in Darfur,” said ANCA Executive Director Aram Hamparian. “The CEO’s of Lockheed, Boeing, Raytheon, United Technologies and Northrop Grumman should be ashamed of themselves – trampling on the memory of 1.5 million men, women and children to justify their salaries.” In a letter to House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Howard Berman, just days before his Committee considers H.Res.252 – the Armenian Genocide resolution , leaders of Lockheed Martin Corporation, Boeing Corporation, Raytheon Corporation, United Technologies and Northrop Grumman warned of “alienating a significant NATO ally and trading partner” and “negative repercussions for U.S. geopolitical interests.” However trade statistics from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development tell a different story. Turkey’s trade levels with countries, which have recognized the Armenian Genocide since 1995, have increased between 24% and 351%. U.S. trade with Turkey has increased ten-fold since President Ronald Reagan cited the Armenian Genocide in a Presidential Proclamation in 1981. “The statistics prove that Turkey’s doomsday trade scenarios are hollow,” said Hamparian. “Once again, the Turkish lobby is using threats and intimidation to gag America from speaking truthfully about the Armenian Genocide.”

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On March 22, at the invitation of the president of the Syrian Arab Republic, Bashar Al-Asad, the president of Armenia, Serge Sarkisian, arrived in Syria on a three-day official visit. On March 24 Sarkisian gave the following remarks in the Der Zor desert in Syria, where thousands of Armenians perished during the genocide


TURKEY

‘Memleketine Hoshgeldin’: Dispatches from Turkey “So what will I do tomorrow? If necessary, I will tell them ‘come on, back to your country’… I will do it. Why? They are not my citizens. I am not obliged to keep them in my country. Those actions [genocide resolutions] unfortunately have a negative impact on our sincere attitudes.” —Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan

By Khatchik Mouradian ANKARA, Turkey—“Memleketine hoshgeldin” (roughly, “welcome to your country”). That’s what a Turkish journalist said to me in a message upon learning of my arrival to Turkey on March 17. Knowing her, she was not simply extending a welcome note. Which brings me to Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s threat to deport Armenians from Turkey. Not all Armenians, mind you. The “good Armenians” get to stay. Only the citizens of Armenia, the “poor Armenians” working in Turkey, would be deported. (Erdogan has put their number at 100,000, but it is considerably less than that—and that’s not a secret. A Turkish newspaper editor I talked to today said their number does not exceed 15,000). As I, among others, have argued: Erdogan’s threat is, of course, empty. It would be a huge scandal to deport Armenians from Turkey, and would constitute a chilling reminder of what is referred to by the Turkish state as the “deportations” of Armenians almost a century ago (although the threat itself was enough to evoke such thoughts). But why make such a threat if it can’t be executed and reminds everyone of late-Ottoman history with a shudder? Is this a failed effort to brandish Turkey’s “benevolence” like a gun internationally? Or is politics, here too, local? Several commentators I talked to here think it is the latter. Erdogan, they say, was talking to the street: To those who would love to hear a discourse of “Let us teach those Armenians a lesson.” One commentator noted, “I have not seen any other politician who does so much good for this country and causes so much damage at the same time!” The deportation threat is front-page news here in Turkey, and was the topic of conversation among many people I talked to—or overheard on the street. There is a joke going around in Ankara that the Turkish Foreign Ministry—which is currently trying to calm the international and local outcry—should in fact be called the Ministry of Damage Control because of the work it has to engage in every now and then, when Erdogan makes such statements. Although in private, it was clear that those who do not subscribe to racist agendas found Erdogan’s threat unnec­ essary at the least, there were also many who publicly criticized Erdogan. There was at least one small demon­ stration against the anti-Armenian rhetoric by Erdogan and others. It was reported that the chairman of Turkey’s Human Rights Association, Ozturk Turkdogan, said: “These remarks could lead some people to think that to expel people is a 2010 version of forced migration. This mentality is far from human rights-oriented thinking. People have the right to work, and this is universal. There are many Turkish workers all over the world; does it mean that Turkey will accept their expulsion when there is an international problem? Secondly, these remarks are discriminatory; there are many workers in Turkey of different nationalities.” It was in this atmosphere that, on March 18, our delegation met with the vice-chairman of the main opposition party in Turkey, the Republican People’s Party (CHP), and the vice chairman of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) Reha Denemec. The protocols and the Armenian Genocide Resolution figured prominently during both meetings. We will publish a report on these meetings on March 19.

*Kh.Mouradian is a member of a nine-member delegation of U.S. commentators and analysts visiting Turkey at the invitation of TEPAV (Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey). The editor of the Armenian Reporter, Emil Sanamyan, is also part of the delegation. They will meet Turkish leaders and politicians in Ankara and Istanbul, and make a trip to Kars/Ani.

²äðÆÈ 2010 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

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Erdogan Threatens to Deport Armenians from Turkey (RFE/RL)- Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to deport Armenian nationals living and working in his country in retaliation for resolutions passed by U.S. and Swedish lawmakers defining World War One-era killings of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire as genocide. Asked during an interview with the BBC Turkish service in London on March 16, what he thought about the resolutions, Erdogan said: “There are currently 170,000 Armenians living in our country. Only 70,000 of them are Turkish citizens, but we are tolerating the remaining 100,000. If necessary, I may have to tell these 100,000 to go back to their country because they are not my citizens. I don't have to keep them in my country.” Armenian leaders condemned the threats. Prime Minister Tigran Sarkisian said they evoke memories of the mass deportations of Armenians ordered by the Ottoman rulers in 1915. “I think that shows that the issue of genocide recognition is still very timely and it will find a radical solution only if Turkey itself recognizes the genocide,” he said during his government's question-and-answer session in the Armenian parliament. Sarkisian said Ankara and Yerevan should address the problem of illegal Armenian workers, mainly concentrated in Istanbul, through `diplomatic channels.' “And that means there must be diplomatic relations between the two neighboring countries without any preconditions,” he said. “The statements by Turkey's prime minister do not contribute to the improvement of relations between the two states and peoples.” Turkish leaders have at various times spoken of between 30,000 and 100,000 citizens of Armenia allegedly residing in their country in an effort to embarrass Yerevan in the

Uncomfortable Truth Turkish threats to expel Armenian migrants to make a political point are shameful

international arena and showcase Ankara's declared good will towards Armenians. A senior Armenian government official accused the Turks late last year of grossly inflating their number, saying that it does not exceed 5,200. An Istanbul-born Armenian researcher who studied the issue last year came up with a similar estimate. Erdogan also accused the Armenian Diaspora of being behind the Armenian genocide resolutions in foreign parliaments, and called on Armenia and other foreign governments to avoid being swayed by their lobbying. Hranush Hakobian, the Armenian minister for Diaspora affairs, shrugged off the claim. “This is yet another statement which are used to hearing,” she told RFE/RL. “It is baseless and meaningless. The Armenian Diaspora and the Republic of Armenia will continue to campaign for genocide recognition.”

Erdogan under fire at home for remarks on Armenian workers

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdo•an's remarks about Deportations have powerful symbolism in modern the possible deportation of irregular Armenian workers have European history. The notion that the government of a wouldangered civil society organizations in Turkey despite the be member state of the EU might propose the forced collective ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) attempts expulsion from its territory of a specified nationality ought to explain that Erdog an did not intend to expel these workers to be unthinkable. Yet that course was casually threatened but only wanted to underline Turkey's “magnanimity.” yesterday by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish Prime Civil society organizations criticized Erdo•an's remarks Minister, against 100,000 Armenian migrants. on several grounds: first, he mentioned Armenian Turkish Its purported justification was the recent passage of citizens together with the citizens of Armenia, and secondly, non-binding resolutions in the US Congress and the Swedish he was using foreign workers as a tool of foreign policy and parliament. These motions describe as genocide the mass neglecting the humanitarian side of the problem. killings of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire during and after But Suat Kiniklioglu, deputy chairman of the AK Party the First World War. Turkey takes strong issue with the claim Foreign Affairs Committee, underlined that Erdo•an was trying of genocide. The history and politics of Turkish-Armenian to explain that Turkey tolerates the irregular Armenian workers. relations are convoluted, but the ethics of Mr Erdogan’s “As has been known for many years, there are Armenians remarks are not. His intervention is demagogic and illegally living and working in Turkey, and as a reflection of disreputable. our goodwill and efforts toward normalization which started The US and Swedish votes were carried by narrow in 2005, we do not really touch them. margins and were opposed by their respective governments. We tolerate them and take their difficult circumstances The historical events that they recall began with the into consideration. In particular, we are not questioning their massacres of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire in 1915. status due to the acceleration of the normalization process The very word “genocide” is a post-1945 coinage, intended in Turkish-Armenian relations. The prime minister needed to to define the peculiar barbarity of Nazism. Only gradually draw this fact to people’s attention, especially now, when did the Armenian massacres come to be recognised as the resolutions have been accepted which damage normalization. first authentic case of genocide in the 20th century. But so I think Turkey’s magnanimity is being ignored,” he said, and they were. On conservative historical estimates, around a added that the prime minister did not mean he would imme­ million Armenians were killed in a xenophobic purge that diately send those workers back to their country. continued till 1923. It was a crime without precedent in Öztürk Türkdogan, the chairman of the Human Rights modern history. Association said Erdo•an’s remarks could easily be considered Historical truth matters. It is extraordinary that the a “threat” and as discrimination. “These remarks could lead Government of modern Turkey should resist it. No one alive some people to think that to expel people is a 2010 version today was responsible for these barbarities. They were of forced migration. This mentality is far from human rightscommitted by an imperial power that has long since passed oriented thinking. People have the right to work, and this is into history along with Wilhelmine Germany, to which it was universal. There are many Turkish workers all over the world; allied in the First World War. While running for the presidency, does it mean that Turkey will accept their expulsion when Barack Obama declared his intention of being a leader who there is an international problem? Secondly, these remarks would speak the truth about the Armenian genocide. In are discriminatory; there are many workers in Turkey of practice, while his views are a matter of record, Mr Obama different nationalities,” he said. has been conciliatory in relations with Turkey. Ceren Öztürk from the immigrant solidarity network said Mr Erdogan has little cause for complaint about the that free circulation of people is a universal right and Erdo•an’s symbolic diplomacy of resolutions on historical events. He remarks are not acceptable. “The right to free circulation has no justification whatever for threats against Armenian cannot be used as a wild card in international relations. migrants. Turkey is home to thousands of illegal immigrants Immigrants have to have equal rights with Turkish citizens from Armenia. Few would dispute that sovereign nations because they are producing and contributing to society,” she have the right to determine barriers to entry on the part of said. non-citizens, but these are migrants who have sought refuge Journalist Hayko Bagdat said Turkish foreign policy from disaster. Forming an impoverished population that does loves the principle of “reciprocity,” but uses its own citizens necessary but low-wage work, they include many whose who are minorities. “If the prime minister is angry with the homes and livelihoods were destroyed in the Armenian US or Sweden, he should expel the citizens of those countries earthquake of 1988. Mr Erdogan estimated yesterday that who are living or working in Turkey. The poor Armenian of 170,000 Armenians in Turkey, only 70,000 held Turkish workers here -- by the way, their number is not 100,000 at all citizenship. He threatened directly to tell the rest to leave. See page 29 Turkey is a member state of NATO and a strategically important power within the Western alliance. It borders Iraq, in whose stability the Western democracies have an intense l accounting of awesome crimes is a demeaning and destructive interest. But the Government in Ankara cannot exploit that stance. But then to retaliate against the most vulnerable people status in order to advance its own diplomatic goals at the within Turkey’s borders is unconscionable. The Times, March 18, 2010 expense of liberal values. To object to a proper historica


2010 28 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

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Five Years ...

from page 21

minute lessons in both Armenian and English for all to understand,” Ermarkaryan explains. “This way, the classes remain fresh and time does not drag. The children remain focused and interested. Despite some debate, we also allocated some time for gym which motivates the kids to come to the school and as a result, increases the friendly interactions.” The school also plans for at least one Armenian related field trip a year. In addition it allocates certain days for special events. For example, two Armenian music videos were filmed with the participation of the children. The school also invites guest speakers such as the award-winning local writer of children’s historical fiction Marsha Skrypuch, author of the Armenian themed books My Name is Aram and Call me Aram. The foundation for the school has been set. Enrolment has climbed to over 50 students. The school soon will celebrate its 5th anniversary.

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Erdogan ...

from page 27

-- have nothing to do with the genocide resolu­ tions,” he said. He added that Erdogan had also made a distinction between “good Armenians” and “bad Armenians.” “The prime minister mentioned Armenian Turkish citizens and Armenian citizens together, but later talked about expelling the poor Armenian workers. This means that the official policy has been lying to us for years. He put everyone in the same category, but according to what -- according to their ethnic origin. But for years we have been told that there are no dis­ tinctions on the basis of ethnic origin. This means that “unity” is not internalized and the roots of discrimination are very strong,” Bagdat said. He added that there are two camps in Turkey now: one is claiming that it is trying to change the system and the other one is resisting this change, but when it comes to the Armenians, they have a common understanding.

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“The Armenian question is the litmus test for everyone to find out if they really want a change in the system,” he said. After the “geno­ cide” resolutions in the US and Sweden, during a debate over the issue in Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Commission, Canan Ar•tman from the Republican People’s Party (CHP) suggested deporting Armenian workers in Turkey. In the past, she has also called for an investigation into the ancestry of President Abdullah Gül’s mother, implying that she was of Armenian origin. Gül took Ar•tman to court. The IHD’s Türkdogan was also critical of Erdo•an’s remarks regarding ethnically Armenian Turkish citizens: “We can see that the classic republican understanding based on ethnic Turkism is still valid. Minorities cannot be the subject of bargaining in international relations. This is racist discourse and only proves how far we are from a human rights-oriented perspective,” Türkdogan said. (Today’s Zaman)

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Answer to April 2010 issue of Armen’s Math Corner

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̳ÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñ ²Ý³å¿É ̳ïáõñ»³Ý лé.ª 416-871-4424

ê»õ³Ï Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ»³Ý лé.ª 416-878-0746

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Anabel Satourian Phone: 416- 871-4424 Sevag Haroutunian Phone: 416- 878-0746

Design & Graphics:

Ara Ter Haroutunian Email: aragraphics@gmail.com


2010 30¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ

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ÚáõÉÇë

a n n o g tI ’s hot be

سÝñ³Ù³ëÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ Û³çáñ¹Çõ


²äðÆÈ 2010 ¸. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

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Ú³é³çÇϳÛÇ Íñ³·ÇñÝ»ñ

ARMENIAN

ASSOCIATION OF TORONTO

¼³ïÇÏ 2010

îûݳϳï³ñáõÃÇõÝ, Êñ³Ë׳Ýù »õ

àõï»ÉÇùÝ»ñÇ É³ÛÝ ÁÝïñ³ÝÇ

׳ßÏ»ñáÛÃ

(Open Buffet)

²åñÇÉ 4-ÇÝ, ijÙÁ 2-ÇÝ 1001 Nights Restaurant and Banquette Hall, 72 Steeles West, Thornhill, ON

ØáõïùÇ Ýáõ¿ñª $25 (Ö³ßÁ Ý»ñ³é»³É) 5-Çó ÙÇÝã»õ 10 î³ñ»Ï³Ýª $18 îáÙë»ñÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ Ñ»é³Ëûë»Éª ²Ý³µ»É Þ³ñáÛ»³Ýª 416-871-4424 ²ñÙÇÝ¿ ø³½³ñ»³Ýª 905-629-9987

ÌÇͳÕÇ »õ ºñ·Ç ºñ»ÏáÛ

²ßáï Ô³½³ñ»³ÝÇ Ý Ñ»ï Ç ç é³ Ù

² Ý·³ ÛáõÙ ³ ÝÃá á ñ á Â

ÚáõÝÇë 26, 2010 »ñ»ÏáÛ»³Ý ųÙÁ 7:30 ÇÝ Toronto Centre for the Arts 5040 Yonge street

Tickets: $25 $35 $40 $50

www.ticketmaster.ca

îáÙë»ñÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ ¹ÇÙ»É ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û ²ÏáõÙµ ϳ٠ѻé³Ó³Ûݻɪ 416 872 1111 or in person at

Toronto Centre Box Office

5040 Yonge Street Front Entrance

î³ñ»Ï³Ý ¸³ßﳷݳóáõÃÇõÝ

ÚáõÉÇë »õ ú·áëïáë, 2010

¶»Õ³ñõ»ëï³Ï³Ý ºñ»ÏáÛ ÜõÇñõ³Í ä³ñáÛñ ê»õ³ÏÇÝ

ÐáÏï»Ùµ»ñ 23, 2010

2011-Ç Üáñ î³ñõ³Û سÝÏ³Ï³Ý Êñ³Ë׳Ýù 2011-Ç Üáñ î³ñõ³Û ¹ÇÙ³õáñáõÙ

¸»Ïï»Ùµ»ñ, 2010 ¸»Ïï»Ùµ»ñ, 2010

www.aaot.ca

905-480-5945


2010 32 ¸.²äðÆÈ î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 54

êàôð´ ºððàð¸àôÂÆôÜ

вÚò. ²è²øºÈ²Î²Ü àôÔÔ²ö²è ºÎºÔºòÆ

HOLY TRINITY ARMENIAN úRTHODOX APOSTOLIC CHURCH

ê²êàôÜ ä²ð²ÊàôØ´Æ î²ðºÎ²Ü ºÈàÚ SASSOUN

DANCE ENSEMBLE ANNUAL CONCERT

Artistic Director & Choreographer JOE AVAKIAN, Assistant Instructor SOSSY AVAKIAN

ÚáõÝÇë / June 26, 2010 4:00-pm & 8:00-pm 50 Hallcrown Place, Toronto

For tickets please call Holy Trinity Armenian Church office: 416-431-3001

Ara Graphics

Armenian Youth Centre

“SASSOUN” Juniors Dance Ensemble Boys & Girls ages 12 and up are invited to join practice sessions on Sundays from 1:30pm to 2:30pm at “Maral Ishkanian” Hall of Holy Trinity Armenian Church. For details please call church office at 416-431-3001

5th Annual Armenian Memorial Faith Build in Commemoration of the 95th Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide

Armenian Family Support Services and Habitat for Humanity Toronto

Armenian Memorial Faith Build Saturday, April 10th, 2010 Where: William’s Way, 1500 Weston Rd. Toronto Ontario. 8:30 am – 4:00 pm Requirements: Age 16 and over, Min $50.00 dollar donation (pledge forms available) You will receive: Free Habitat T-Shirt, lunch, snacks and a Great Sense of Satisfaction!! Construction skills NOT required. For more information and registration e-mail maida11@rogers.com Space is Limited!!! Through this humanitarian mission we remember the victims of the Armenian Genocide while providing a tangible difference in the life of a needy family.


TorontoHye Newspaper Volume 5, #7-54 - April 2010  

TorontoHye Newspaper, the largest Armenian community newspaper in the Greater Toronto Area, which distributes to more than 3,000 households...

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