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The 5th Annual POM Film Fest

Volume 5, No. 12 (59), SEPTEMBER 2010 Toronto Armenian Community Newspaper

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º. î³ñÇ ÂÇõ 12 (59), êºäîºØ´ºð 2010 Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ, ÀÝÏ»ñ³ÛÇÝ, ²Ûɳ½³Ý ä³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃ

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úÝóñÇáÛÇ ¶³Ý³ï³Ñ³Û ´ÅßÏ³Ï³Ý ÀÝÏ»ñ³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ г۳ëï³ÝÇ ÎÁ ÜáõÇñ¿ ²é³çÇÝ ²ñ¹Ç³Ï³Ý MRI Ø»ù»Ý³Ý

The poster of the Venezuelan blockbuster, Venezzia, directed by Haik Ghazarian. This year, the much anticipated POM film festival, which has become a fixture in the Toronto Armenian and diasporan cultural life, will take place October 22-24. The festival is celebrating its fifth year. Founded in 2006 and organized by Hamazkayin Pomegranate Film Festival committee, POM has taken pride in presenting the works of local and international artists, and has developed into a rich cultural experience for attendees. The festival promotes an extensive range of film genres including documentaries, shorts, award-winning features, and the experimental. Both established and new filmmakers have enjoyed partaking in the festival each year, where they are able to showcase their diverse artistic visions. An important mission of the festival has been to encourage the talents of emerging Armenian artists, made possible through the generosity of POM grants generated by the festival's sponsors. Festival participants have also come to look forward to the Gala, which combines film entertainment with great food and conversation. This year’s POM V Co-Chair, Sally Sahagian, is delighted that 2010 marks the fifth anniversary of the annual event and encourages everyone to come out and experience all that it has to offer. Festival Co-Chair Sevag Yeghoyan adds; “This year’s program promises to be truly engaging and shouldn’t be missed!”

гõ³Ý³µ³ñ, Ù»½Ù¿ ß³ï»ñ ó³ñ¹ ï»Õ»³Ï ³Ý·³Ù ã¿ÇÝ, áñ г۳ëï³Ý ãáõÝÇ íï³Ý·³õáñ ÑÇõ³Ý¹áõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ Û³Ûïݳµ»ñáÕ ³ñ ¹Ç³Ï³Ý MRI ·áñÍÇùÁ£ ÆëÏ »ñµ ³Ýáñ ϳñÇùÁ ½·³óáõÇ Ñ³Û³ëï³ÝóÇù, ³ÝáÝù áñáÝù Ñݳñ³õáñáõÃÇõÝÁ áõÝÇÝ, ÏÁ ׳ٵáñ¹»Ý ìñ³ëï³Ý£ àã ³ÛÉ»õë£ úÝóñÇáÛÇ ¶³Ý³ï³Ñ³Û ´ÅßÏ³Ï³Ý ÀÝÏ»ñ³ÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ (Armenian Canadian Medical Association of Ontario) ßáõïáí ºñ»õ³Ý åÇïÇ Ñ³ëóÝ¿ г۳ëï³ÝÇ ³é³çÇÝ ³ñ¹Ç³Ï³Ý MRI-Á£ ̳Ëë³ÉÇó ·áñÍÇùÁ Ó»éù Ó·áõ³Í ¿ ãÝãÇÝ ·ÇÝáí, ë³Ï³ÛÝ Ù»Í »Ý ³Ýáñ å³Ñå³ÝÙ³Ý Í³Ëë»ñÁ£ ACMAO ÏÁ Û³Ûï³ñ³ñ¿, ÿ ϳñÇùÁ áõÝÇ ·³ÕáõÃÇ û·Ýáõû³Ý£ سÝñ³Ù³ëÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ï»ëÝ»É Ù»ñ Ý»ñùÇÝ ¿ç»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç£

Movie buffs and all those interested in being inspired by the Armenian artistic community indeed have much to anticipate in this year’s POM V. Some of this year’s films include: Atom Egoyan’s recent thriller Chloe and the Venezuelan blockbuster, Venezzia, directed by Haik Ghazarian. Actor/Director Serge Avedikian, who presented his moving documentary We Drank the Same Water at the 2008 Festival, has submitted his latest film Chienne d’Histoire (Barking Island), winner of the Cannes Festival’s 2010 Palme d’Or for short films. Also, Turkish Director Mehmet Binay’s anticipated sequel to Whispering

Memories, Talking Pictures will make its Canadian debut. Binay's short film was inspired by a chance encounter with a descendant (Ghazaros Kerjilian) of the historic Armenian village of Geben in Cilicia at the 2008 Pomegranate Film Festival. The creative Shammasian brothers from the United Kingdom, who had captivated Toronto audiences with Romans 12:20 and The Carriage Way, are back with the world premier of Akhtamar, a modern version of an Armenian legend. While American director Bared Maronian will also present his well researched film Komitas Hayrig. This year's program will

also include works by local directors such as Serge Keshishian’s Horizon; Arev Manoukian’s Nuit Blanche; and Dr. Lorne Shirinian’s So Far From Home. Dr. Shirinian, a professor at the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, is the son of Armenian orphans who met in Georgetown, Ontario and he follows in the footsteps of his own son Emmanuel Shirinian whose previous involvement in the Pomegranate Film Festival included The Last Bang and Song of Sloman. Shirinian's short is a gripping piece that many Canadian Armenians and those throughout the Diaspora will be able to closely relate to.


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Armenian Cryptology Friday, October 1, 2010 8:00 p.m.

Old Armenians Die, Young Armenians Fade Away….

What can we do to change this?

Saturday, October 2, 2010

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10:30 a.m.

At the AGBU Alex Manoogian Cultural Centre 930 Progress Avenue

Jointly organized by AGBU & AAT

(Armenian General Benevolent Union & Armenian Association of Toronto)

With the participation of AGBU SYC, AGBU YP, AAT YG committees

Discussions in English Refreshments will be served Free admission For more details please contact the AGBU office at 416-431-2428 or the AAT office at 905-480-5945

öáñÓ»ñÁ ÏÁ ëÏëÇÝ ê»åï»Ùµ»ñ 15, 2010-ÇÝ 6 ï³ñ»Ï³Ý¿Ý ëÏë»³É ²ñӳݳ·ñáõû³Ýó »õ Û³õ»É»³É Ù³Ýñ³Ù³ëÝáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ѳٳñ ¹Çٻɪ êÇÉí³ Ê³ã³ïáõñ»³ÝÇÝ 416-733-9924 »õ ¶áѳñ º³·áõ廳ÝÇÝ 905-884 2561


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Armenian High School

Credit Courses

For Grades 9, 10,11,12 Students and ADULTS 2010 – 2011

Senator O’Connor School at 60 Rowena These credit courses have been provided since 1990 by Toronto Catholic District School Board (TCDSB) Courses available Course code Grade 9 Armenian LYM AD1 Grade 10 Armenian LYM BD1 Grade 11 Armenian LYM CU1 Grade 12 Armenian LYM DU1 Armenian Language For ADULTS & Beginners LYM DU1 LYRDU1

Classes starts on Saturday, September 18th, 2010 9:00 am – 12:30 am Registration starts from September 13th, 2010

TCDSB students: Non- TCDSB

register through your day school guidance office. students: register on line at www.tcdsb.org/continuinged/waitlist.htm

Make sure to have with you (i)

(ii)

The registration form from your high school guidance, signed and stamped by guidance councilor and Your transcripts.

For more details you may also contact Miss Silva Mardirossian Mr. Mike Boghossian

silvamesl@sympatico.ca mikeboghossian@hotmail.com

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It is a great pleasure to announce the formation of Raffi's Real Estate Team. Frank DeFilippo a veteran Real Estate Representative and Roupen (Robin) Bedrosian a well known member of Armenian Community have joined Raffi's successful Real Estate operation.

Buying or Selling Real Estate Make Raffi's Real Estate Team Raffi D. Boghossian, B.A.,MVA

Broker Market Value Appraiser - Residential

´Ý³Ï³ñ³Ý³ÛÇÝ ³é»õïáõñÇ íëï³Ñ»ÉÇ »õ ³é³çݳϳñ· ëå³ë³ñÏáõû³Ý ѳٳñ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»É

Your #1 Choice

ð³ýýÇ î¿ñ äûÕá뻳ÝÇÝ

e l b a i l e R

Please Call Raffi At

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EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES/ BROKERAGE

Expect the best.

COLDWELL BANKER EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES

3107 Sheppard Avenue East, Scarborough, Ontario M1T 3J7

Frank DeFilippo Sales Representative

Roupen Bedrosian Sales Representative


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2010 20º.êºäîºØ´ºð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 59

ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

Students from 7 Countries Tackle Genocide Issues at International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies Toronto, Canada—Students from Argentina, Canada, Greece, Italy, Nepal, Turkey, and the United States just completed the 9th annual Genocide and Human Rights University Program (GHRUP), held in partnership by the International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (IIGHRS) (A Division of the Zoryan Institute) and the University of Toronto. “I have been involved with GHRUP since its first seminar nine years ago. What I can say about some 250 graduates of this program is that the students, their commitment, their diversity, yet the intense bonding that develops among them, have been extraordinary to behold,” stated Prof. Roger W. Smith, Director of the Genocide and Human Rights University Program, held annually in Toronto. “The outstanding students and faculty, the intellectual seriousness, and the free discussion that develops in the seminar are among the high points of my teaching career. The participants in the seminar report that they have learned much in the course, not only about factual, legal, and historical matters, but about themselves and others, leading to a change in attitudes, ranging from career goals to a greatly expanded sense of empathy.” Patil Halajian, the program’s coordinator, reflecting on her experience in the program, remarked, “Not only did I get the opportunity to learn from some of the world’s top genocide

scholars, but I also got to be in the company of some of the most brilliant and inspirational students I have ever met.” Professor Herbert Hirsch, one of GHRUP faculty members and an editor of Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal, teaches the unit on genocide prevention. He noted that “The integration of the study of human rights with genocide, its comparative and multidisciplinary approach, and its use of the Armenian Genocide as a point of reference, make this program unique; there is not another program like it anywhere.” The program combines fundamental theory with specific case studies and major themes, allowing students to not only learn about the intricacies of genocide studies, but also to begin recognizing patterns as preventable stages of genocide. The comparative nature of the program also encourages students to draw their own parallels between the various cases and fosters stimulating classroom discussion. Many of these graduates go on to continue in the fields of genocide and human rights research and education, feeling motivated and empowered with the knowledge and the tools to work towards prevention. One graduate stated, “While I thought I came into this course with a high level of understanding, the readings and instruction and peer discussion have

Journal of Law and Public Policy dedicates its spring issue to “Armenian Genocide within the Framework of National and International Law” Conference

GHRUP 2010 students and faculty members. dramatically increased my understanding.” Another confided, “The study of human rights was a passion; the study of genocide was an interest; I now feel equipped to make both a passion with my work/life. It saddens me to know that the 2 weeks is over!” Students currently registered at the University of Toronto and graduate students

from any university in Ontario may receive credit for GHRUP with no additional cost in tuition. In addition, undergraduate students registered at other institutions across the province may make special arrangements for the same privilege. Special arrangements may also be made for students in other jurisdictions.

ANCA-WR Presses Speaker Pelosi to Bring H. Res. 252 To Floor Vote

ANCA-WR leaders with Pelosi and Sherman L to R: Profs. William Schabas, Ziya Miral, Mark Fleming and Roger Smith. Minneapolis—The University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy has just released its latest issue (Vol. IV, Number 2, Spring 2010), which is dedicated to the proceedings of a conference on “The Armenian Genocide within the Framework of National and International Law,” held at the university in February of this year. Appearing during the 95th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, this volume opens with words from the prayer of Pope John Paul II at the Memorial at Tzitzernagaberd in 2001: Listen, O Lord, to the lament that rises from this place, to the call of the dead from the depths of the Metz Yeghern, the cry of innocent blood that pleads like the blood of Abel, like Rachel weeping for her children because they are no more. Legal studies related to the Armenian Genocide are rare, but this is the first issue of a law journal devoted entirely to the subject. As the Table of Contents on the cover indicates, the papers are on a wide range of topics, from the failure of reforms in the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century to the ability of the State of Massachusetts to teach the Armenian Genocide today. As Editor-in-Chief John Sandy notes in his introduction, the Armenian Genocide is not only the first genocide of the 20th century, it is also the prototype for how subsequent genocides worked. He goes on to observe: “The immense cost of the destruction, the mass movement of refugees and the clean-up after genocide will fall to the countries most prepared to provide aid. It is therefore in their national interest, as well as that of the rest of the world, to create an effective international legal regime for the prevention and punishment of genocide. In devoting the current issue to the Armenian Genocide, we hope to understand genocide in general, and to stimulate greater interest in genocide and the law. Most importantly, through scholarship, we hope to give voice to the voiceless.” The conference was jointly organized and sponsored by the Journal and the International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (IIGHRS) (A Division of the Zoryan Institute), with the participation of the Cafesjian Family Foundation and the Minneapolis Foundation. For more information or to purchase a copy, contact the IIGHRS office at 416-250-9807 or admin@genocidestudies.org.

Members and supporters of the Armenian National Committee of America Western Region met with Speaker of the US House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi on the first week of August during a fundraiser hosted in the City of Burbank, where they pressed the Speaker for a floor vote on House Resolution 252—the Armenian Genocide Resolution – and stressed that the House Democratic Leadership is expected to advance this important human rights legislation. Pelosi offered remarks about the importance of having a statement of recognition of the Armenian Genocide and spoke forcefully about asserting American values. Pelosi stressed that geography should never undermine America’s best values. The Speaker noted that many presidential candidates have proclaimed their commitment to properly acknowledging the Armenian Genocide but have withdrawn from their commitment upon taking office. She noted that in order to have any moral authority to talk about humanity and the genocides in Rwanda, Darfur or anywhere else, the United States must properly acknowledge the Armenian Genocide. She added that a failure to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide undermines the moral authority of the United States and hinders the ability of our nation to be a strong voice for what is right. Pelosi has a consistent record of energetic and principled support for U.S. recognition of the Armenian Genocide, dating back nearly 20 years. Since her election to the House in 1986, she worked closely with the Bay Area Armenian National Committee. As U.S. House Minority Leader in 2006, she pledged to support Armenian Genocide legislation in the 110th session of Congress. Over the years, she has continuously countered arguments that cite Turkey’s strategic position as reason to oppose Armenian Genocide legislation. During this year’s Capitol Hill Armenian Genocide Observance, Speaker Pelosi called on her colleagues not to rest until the entire U.S. government properly recognizes this crime as genocide. H.Res.252, introduced in March of 2009 by lead sponsors Adam Schiff (D-CA) and George Radanovich (R-CA), and Congressional Armenian Caucus Co-chairs Frank Pallone (D-NJ) and Mark Kirk (R-IL), currently has over 140 cosponsors. The Armenian Genocide resolution calls upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide. H. Res. 252 passed the powerful House Foreign Affairs Committee in March of 2010. The measure currently awaits a full vote on the House floor.


ARMENIA

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Armenia Marks 20th Anniversary of Independence Declaration (RFE/RL)- Armenia celebrated 20 years since the adoption of a Declaration of Independence that marked the beginning of its formal secession from the crumbling Soviet Union. The Declaration passed on August 23, 1990, by the Supreme Council of Armenia, the then top legislative body of the Soviet socialist republic, declared Armenia's desire to seek an independent statehood and followed similar declarations passed by the legislatures of some other Soviet republics, notably the Baltic countries of Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia. It took another 13 months for the Armenians to complete the process of their independence from Moscow in a formal referendum in September 1991 that was held amid so-called "independence parades" by then Soviet republics. The Soviet Union ceased to exist at the end of that year and the sovereignty and independence of its former 15 republics, including Armenia, was then recognized by the international community. In his congratulatory message on the day, Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian described August 23, 1990, as "one of the milestone episodes of our modern history" and said it signified "the point in time when the dreams of the people of Armenia and the entire Armenian nation began to turn into reality, a moment that symbolized our centuries-long yearning for independence." Aram Manukian, the youngest of the Supreme Council members back in 1990 who read out the text of the declaration, describes it as "the best document in the history of our people" and remembers that day as "an hour of triumph." "Nations live through such moments vary rarely. I am proud to have been part of it and feel great responsibility," Manukian said. But the current oppositionist, a senior member of the Armenian National Congress of Levon Ter-Petrosian, independent Armenia's first president, is critical of his country's recent course. "We have taken the way of losing

independence in the past ten years," he said. "All the international treaties, all documents, all resolutions passed on Armenia are a loss for Armenia. It is also a loss that the guys who struggled for independence are now in prisons. This is a disgrace." The anniversary comes only three days after Yerevan signed a deal with Russia extending the lease of a Russian military base stationed in the northwestern town of Gyumri till 2044 in exchange for renewed security guarantees. Some opposition politicians have criticized the deal, describing the amendments to the 1995 treaty with Russia as a sign of Armenia's further losing its sovereignty to Moscow, which already keeps a tight grip on the South Caucasus country's economy. Opposition parties also claim that successive governments in Armenia have failed to honor most of the provisions of the 1990 document or have deviated from them. Hovsep Khurshudian, a spokesman for the opposition Zharangutyun (Heritage) party, said that only three out of a dozen points of the declaration have actually been translated into action during these years. "The rest remain on paper. Unfortunately, such distortions have happened because of all the three governments that Armenia has had since 1991. And today we suffer the consequences of the lust for power, financial gain and other shortcomings of certain leaders," he added. Armen Rustamian, a leader of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutyun), also attached great significance to the 1990 Declaration of Independence, but said that the subsequent years have shown that "we often deviated from the general logic of the Declaration." "A national state path of developing the country in fact should have been built on that Declaration. And our main discontent today is that that path has seen deviations during these 20 years," Rustamian said.

Poll Finds 39% of Armenians Wish to Leave Armenia Permanently

Armenian Remittances Rise In 2010 Following a sharp fall caused by the global recession, large-scale cash remittances from Armenians working abroad rose by about 10 percent in the first half of this year, contributing to Armenia's ongoing economic recovery, RFE/RL's Armenian Service reports. Data from the Armenian Central Bank put the total amount of incoming noncommercial wire transfers processed by local banks at almost $490 million, up from $447 million recorded in the same period last year. The overall amount of cash inflows, including funding for business transactions, rose by only 3 percent, to $617 million. It was equivalent to 16.7 percent of the country's firsthalf Gross Domestic Product. Both commercial and noncommercial remittances, which benefit a considerable part of the country's population, tumbled by roughly 30 percent last year due to the economic downturn around the world and particularly in Russia. That was considered one of the factors behind a double-digit contraction of the Armenian economy registered in 2009. Official statistics show the economy expanding by 6.7 percent in the first half of 2010.

On August 28 Armenians marked the 92nd anniversary of the establishment of their first short-lived independent republic that emerged from the ashes of the Russian Empire at the end of World War I.

Russia, which is home to most of the hundreds of thousands of Armenian migrant workers abroad, accounted for more than 70 percent of the cash sent by them to Armenia from January-June. The United States, which also has a sizable Armenian community, remained the secondlargest source of the remittances, contributing about 7 percent of the total. The remittances not only boost consumer spending but also enable Armenia to run massive trade and current-account deficits. Their renewed growth was accompanied by a deepening of the country's trade imbalance. According to the National Statistical Service (NSS), the first-half trade deficit increased by 15.5 percent to $1.28 billion despite a 56 percent surge in Armenian exports. It was more than offset by a 24 percent rise in imports, totalling $1.72 billion. Rising hard-currency inflows, which accelerated after the first quarter of 2010, appear to have also contributed to a renewed appreciation of the national currency, the dram. It has gained more than 6 percent in nominal value against the U.S. dollar since April.

On Aug. 4, Gallup published the results from a 2009 poll showing that over a third of participating Armenians wanted to leave Armenia permanently—a staggering 39 percent, to be exact. The percentage was highest in Armenia out of the 10 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), as well as the former CIS member Georgia and associate CIS member Turkmenistan. Around a third as many poll participants from neighboring Georgia and Azerbaijan desired to move to another country permanently. Their percentages were 14 and 12 percent, respectively. The study further revealed that about the same number of participants from Armenia (39 percent) wanted to study or participate in a work-study program abroad—the highest in the polled countries—while 44 percent would like to move for temporary work—the second highest after Moldova (53 percent). Moldova is second to Armenia in the percentage of those willing to migrate permanently. The Gallup report cites the large Armenian Diaspora—“one of the largest…in the world”—as at least a partial explanation of the poll results. “In countries where residents are among the most likely to want to migrate permanently, the percentage of respondents who say they have people outside their own countries whom they rely on is also higher,” it states. “A majority of Moldovans (54 percent) and about a third of Armenians (32 percent) and Belarusians (30 percent) say they have relatives or friends living in another country whom they can count on for help.” Overall, the Gallup poll shows that in the 12 former Soviet states, an estimated 70 million people would like to migrate temporarily and 30 million permanently. The results were based on one-on-one interviews with adults aged 15 years and older; the findings were subsequently projected to the total population of each country, using 2008 World Bank population estimates. At least 1,000 interviews were conducted in Armenia. (The Armenian Weekly)

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ARMENIA

Armenia, Russia Sign Extended Defense Pact (RFE/RL)- Armenia and Russia have signed a deal extending Russia's military pres­ ence in Armenia in exchange for security guar­ antees. The deal was signed after talks between Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Ar­ menian President Serzh Sarkisian in Yerevan on August 20. The deal would see the lease on a Russian military base in Armenia extended from 2020 to 2044. It also calls for Russia to provide modern weapons and equipment to Armenia's military. The accord is likely to cause concern in neighboring Azerbaijan, which is locked in a long-simmering conflict with Armenia over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. Armenia also awarded Russia a contract to build two new nuclear reactors at a Sovietera built nuclear power plant.

“Upgrading”

The defense pact is actually an upgrading of a 1995 treaty allowing Russian ground and air forces access to a base in the west of the country. It expands the Russian mission from protecting only the interests of the Russian Federation, to also ensuring the security of the Republic of Armenia. Under the pact, Moscow will also supply Yerevan with modern weapons and "special" military hardware. The existing base houses MiG-29 fighter jets and S-300 missile-defense systems, as well as troops. In an interview broadcast on Russian tele­ vision before the signing, Armenian Foreign Minister Eduard Nalbandian, praised the new agreement. "We are supporting the initiative to sign this agreement which has very good elements such as equal and indivisible security for all states on the Euro-Atlantic territory and in Eurasia," he said. A spokesman for Sarkisian's ruling Repub­ lican Party said the new pact would not only protect Armenia's borders, but would exclude the possibility that neighboring Azerbaijan will try to settle the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh

conflict by force.

Karabakh Conflict

He said the latest Armenian move to strengthen its security was in response to statements from Azerbaijan that it is prepared to retake Nagorno-Karabakh by force. He noted that in addition to having Azerbaijan along its eastern border, Armenia was facing Turkey, Baku's ally, along its western border. But not everybody believes the new ar­ rangement will benefit Armenia. Armenian Revolutionary Federation Polit­ ical Affairs Director Giro said that the changes will be “worrisome” as long as the Armenian government has not convincingly explained their rationale. “My impression is that Russia has found an opportune moment to clinch from Armenia an extension of its basing rights in return for satisfying some of Armenia’s demands,” Manoy­ an told a news conference. Analysts note the extended treaty only refers to defending Armenia, while NagornoKarabakh is legally part of Azerbaijan, and is therefore not covered by the treaty. Any fresh fighting involving Armenian troops would likely primarily be on the territory of NagornoKarabakh, not of Armenia. Russian analyst Pavel Felgengauer says the treaty is not about Russia defending Arme­ nia from Azerbaijan, but about warding off interference by Turkey. Former Armenian national security adviser Gerard Libaridian, meanwhile, says the docu­ ment does not even bind Russia to help Arme­ nia, but leaves intervention to Russia's discre­ tion. “The 1995 treaty has a provision, which I’m sure will remain in the new one, that if there are military hostilities within Armenia’s borders Russian won’t automatically come to [Arme­ nia's] aid," Libaridian says. "That is, if one party [to the treaty] is sub­ jected to attack, there will be consultations with the other. It's the other side that will decide whether or not to participate [in the war.] And

Russian president Medvedev pays tribute to the victims of the Armenian Genocide at the Dzidzernagapert. I don't think that provision will be changed.” Former Azerbaijani presidential adviser Vefa Gouluzadeh says the pact allows Russia to deepen its presence in Armenia. "Armenian territory, it is Russian territory, and Russia [is] increasing its military presence in Armenia, against NATO, against America, in case of war with Iran," he says. Together with its bases in Georgia's break­ away regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, the pact gives Russia a strong military presence close to the borders of NATO member Turkey. Opposition Party Concerned Leaders of the Zharangutyun (Heritage) party questioned Armenian officials' claims that the deal commits Russia to openly siding with Armenia in the event of another war with Azer­ baijan. “The mechanisms for how Artsakh can be

protected with this agreement are totally un­ clear,” said Ruben Hakobian, Zharangutyun's deputy chairman. “Maybe there are mecha­ nisms we don't know of yet. Maybe the author­ ities know them but won't tell us for the mo­ ment.” “But as things stand now, the document signed by the [Russian and Armenian] presi­ dents does not answer this question,” he told a news conference, referring to amendments to a 1995 treaty regulating the presence of a Russian military base in Armenia. The Armenian National Congress (HAK) likewise claimed that the Kremlin had Russian military presence in Armenia extended because it does not regard the Sarkisian administration as a “long-term and reliable partner.” Nonethe­ less, the HAK's reaction to the RussianArmenian deal was largely positive.

Sarkisian Visits Stepanakert For School Opening Shrugs Off New UN Resolution on Karabakh Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian visited Stepanakert on August 29 where he visited a newly built school in Stepanakert with Karabakh Republic President Bako Sahakian and the Executive Director of the Hayastan All-Armenian Fund, the President’s press office reported. School N. 11, which was built through the efforts of Armenia Fund, has a capacity for 560 students, contains a library, gym, playground, military center, computer lab, and medical office. Sarkisian also visited the Central Park of Stepankert which is in its final stage of renovations. The inauguration of the Central Park is to take place on September 1, a day before Nagorno-Karabakh celebrates the 18th anniversary of its declaration of Independence. The Armenian leader also visited the Stepanakert Creative Center for Youth, an arts and music establishment capable of serving more than 1,000 local youth. Sarkisian shrugs off UN Resolution While speaking with teachers at the new public school, Sarkisian was asked to comment on a recent resolution on Karabakh submitted to the United Nations General Assembly by Azerbaijan. According to RFE/RL’s Armenia service, the document, drafted by Baku, seeks to “uphold” the right of Azerbaijanis “expelled” from Karabakh and Armenian-liberated territories surrounding it to return to their homes. It also urges the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to send a fact-finding mission to the conflict zone that would investigate the conflicting parties’ compliance with “international

humanitarian law.” Sarkisian downplayed the resolution and predicted that “several dozen” mostly Islamic nations will likely again side with Azerbaijan at the assembly, RFE/RL reported. “But I’m sure that all those countries that want the problem to be solved peacefully and through negotiations will vote against this resolution,” he was quoted as saying. “Or they will at least abstain, because they are well aware that the adoption of such resolutions cannot have any positive impact on the negotiating process.” In March 2008, the UN General Assembly passed a similar resolution submitted by Baku. The document was supported by 39 countries, most of them affiliated with Organization of Islamic Conference, of which Azerbaijan is a member. The United States, Russia and France, the three nations spearheading the Karabakh peace process, voted against it and criticized Baku for its submission. The Armenian Foreign Ministry had warned that the pro-Azerbaijani measure would cause “serious damage” to international efforts to resolve the Karabakh conflict, adding that Yerevan continues to believe that the OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by the U.S, Russia and France, is the only international body that should get involved in the conflict’s resolution. Sarkisian seemed more dismissive of the resolution. He was quoted as saying that he is “surprised” by the concerns expressed by the Karabakh Armenians. “Its adoption or nonadoption cannot have a major impact on Armenia’s and Artsakh’s political and economic

President of Armenia Serzh Sarkisian visits a renovated school in Stepanakert on August 29, 2010. life or the security sphere,” he said, again insisting that Karabakh will never return under Azerbaijani rule. The Armenian President also called the resolution a “serious blunder” by Baku and pledged to take retaliatory actions. “Clearly, there will also be steps on our part, and those steps will get us closer to our aim,” he said without elaborating. According to RFE/RL, Armenia’s leading opposition groups, meanwhile, are far more alarmed by the Azerbaijani initiative. “Azerbaijan could get carried away with such resolutions

and think that the international community agrees with its politics and try to act on its threats of military action,” Giro Manoyan, the foreign policy spokesman for the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, was quoted as saying. “Azerbaijan may be trying to legitimize a war which it has been threatening to unleash,” Stepan Safarian, a leader of the Heritage Party said. Like Manoyan, he contended that the new UN resolution will further complicate a Karabakh settlement.


ARMENIA-DIASPORA

Armenian Minister Downplays Anticipated Russian Missile Sale To Azerbaijan (RFE/RL)- Armenian Defense Minister Seyran Ohanian says the rumored sale by Russia of sophisticated Russian antiaircraft missiles to Azerbaijan will not give Baku a "strategic advantage" in the unresolved Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Ohanian also said that he has "no doubts" that under an agreement signed with Russia last week, Russia would openly support Armenia in the event of a new conflict with Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh that "became a threat to the Republic of Armenia." The agreement extended Russia's lease on its military base in northern Armenia until 2044 and gave it a greater role in ensuring Armenia's security. It also commits the Russians to supplying the Armenian military with modern weaponry. Pro-government politicians and some analysts in Yerevan believe that this will discourage Azerbaijan from acting on its frequent threats to resolve the dispute by force. The deal was signed on August 20 during Russian President Dmitry Medvedev's visit to Yerevan following reports that Moscow plans to sell S-300 air-defense systems to Azerbaijan. The reports, not denied by Russian officials, have raised concerns in Armenia and Karabakh. Opposition groups there say the long-range surface-to-air missiles would seriously limit the Armenian military's ability to hit strategic targets in Azerbaijan, and thereby encourage Baku to try to resolve the Karabakh dispute by force. Ohanian, who played a major role in the 1991-1994 war with Azerbaijan and subsequently commanded the Karabakh Armenian army, dismissed such concerns. "I must point out that the acquisition of Russian S-300 air-defense systems [by Azerbaijan] cannot directly influence the correlation of forces between Armenia and Azerbaijan, because their use by Azerbaijan against the Armenian Armed Forces would be fruitless under all possible scenarios," he said. "The reason for that is simple: we are very familiar with those systems, we have been exploiting them for quite a long time, and we know the possibilities of reducing the effectiveness of such systems." Ohanian was likely referring to at least two batteries of S-300s that were deployed by Russia at its military base in Armenia in the late 1990s. Top Russian military officials announced in early 2007 that Moscow has further upgraded Armenia's air defenses and trained Armenian military personnel to operate the air-defense systems. The Armenian military confirmed that, saying the training began in 2005. Ohanian added that even if Azerbaijan does acquire S-300s, it would need "quite a lot of time" to develop an integrated radio-technical system for them. He added that the missile deal would therefore not harm the Russian-Armenian military alliance. "We are strategic partners, we are part of the same military-political system, our cooperation is quite close, and there is readiness on both sides for mutual assistance on any security issue," he said. Ohanian declined to specify what kind of sophisticated arms Moscow has pledged to supply to Yerevan within the framework of the new agreement, citing "military secrecy."

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Azerbaijani Defense Ministry Rejects 'Laughable' Armenian Statement Azerbaijan's Defense Ministry has rejected as "laughable" a claim by Yerevan that Russia could back Armenia in case of a new conflict over the disputed region of NagornoKarabakh, RFE/RL's Azerbaijani Service reports. Armenian Defense Minister Seyran Ohanian told RFE/RL on August 25 he had "no doubts" that under an agreement signed with Russia last week, Russia would openly support Armenia in the event of a new conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh that "became a threat to the Republic of Armenia." But Eldar Sabiroglu, the head of the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry press service, on August 26 rejected that claim. Sabiroglu told ANS-TV that "it is our land and it is occupied by Armenia. The Armenian separatists must be driven out of there at all cost." Referring to the updated RussianArmenian agreement, Sabiroglu said: "This agreement is between two states, it is up to them. But this protocol cannot Armenian Defence minister Seyran Ohanyan hinder or stop the Azerbaijani Army." He also said Azerbaijan had no choice but to upgrade its armed forces by acquiring new weaponry. Nagorno-Karabakh, situated in southwestern Azerbaijan and populated mainly by ethnic Armenians, erupted in ethnic clashes beginning in the late 1980s, prompting a war that left some 30,000 dead. The territory, which declared independence in 1991, remains in dispute despite years of failed efforts by international mediators and a cease-fire has not prevented occasional skirmishes.

Armenian Americans sue Turkish government, banks over Genocide losses

Lawyers who have helped secure multimillion dollar settlements over Genocide-era insurance policies have launched an unprecedented lawsuit against Turkish government and banks, Associated Press reported. In paperwork filed July 29, Los Angeles lawyers Mark Geragos and Brian Kabateck are seeking class-action status for the suit that would compensate descendants of victims of the Armenian Genocide for financial and property losses they suffered. Original plaintiffs include Garbis Davoyan of Glendale, Calif. and Hrayr Turabian of Queens, N.Y., and others are expected to join the suit that charges breach of statutory trust, unjust enrichment, human rights violations and violations of international law as the Turkish government expelled its Armenian citizens and ceased their properties.

Defendants

Turkey's government along with its Central Bank and Ziraat (Agriculture) Bank, Turkey's biggest bank, are named as defendants. Ziraat Bank was established in 1863 and operated continuously since. It currently has assets of more than $81 billion and branches in Moscow and throughout Central Asia. Established in 1931, Turkey's Central Bank

took over central banking operations from the Ottoman Bank which itself was established in 1856. Since 1930s, the Ottoman Bank operated as a private bank until it was incorporated into Garanti Bank, currently Turkey's second largest bank with $78 billion in assets.

A long process

The suit designation may take up to three years, Mr. Kabateck told AP. “We are rolling up our sleeves and are going forward,” he said. Turkish officials have not yet reacted to the lawsuit. In 2000, California state law allowed heirs to Genocide victims to seek payment on uncollected life insurance policies of dead relatives, opening the way to lawsuits. In 2004 and 2005, New York Life Insurance Co. and French insurer AXA settled for a total of $37.5 million paid to Armenian community organizations. But in 2009, as it weighed another insurance case against several German insurers, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals invalidated the state law on the grounds that it interfered with U.S. foreign policy. An appeal by Armenian American lawyers is currently pending in that case. (Armenian Reporter)

At a May 11, 2006, press conference, attorney Mark Geragos, California State Treasurer Phil Angelides, and attorneys Brian Kabateck and Vartkes Yeghiayan announce a class action lawsuit on behalf of descendants of Armenian Genocide victims, against Deutsche Bank and Dresdner Bank for assets belonging to descendants of Armenian Genocide victims. Damian Dovarganes / AP

Osana Mksy-Artinian AMP Mortgage Specialist

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S e r v i n g t h e A r m e n i a n C o m m u n i t y f o r 2 0 Ye a r s

Ara Graphics

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ARMENIA

One Seed at a Time with ATP by Adrineh Der-Boghossian Thirty-nine-year-old Vatchakan Tsakanyan remembers coming to Aygut Village in 1989 as a young man—a common experience since just about all the residents came here from Chardakhlu and other villages in Azerbaijan when the two states swapped non-nationals during the Karabagh conflict. Vatchakan lives with his sister and her two kids, as well as his wife and their four children. The tree seeds they received from Armenia Tree Project (ATP) are cared for by Vatchakan’s sister, 35-year-old Nvart, who fills buckets from the nearby Getik River a few times a day and carries them to water the plants. Though it’s hard work, Nvart and Vatchakan are happy to use part of their land to raise tree seedlings for ATP. With the money they will receive from ATP for their backyard tree nursery, Vatchakan and Nvart hope to increase their three beehives to 15. Like many other families who raise honeybees, the Tsakanyan family aims to earn a bit of an income from the sale of honey. ATP partners with families in the Getik River Valley to grow tree seedlings as part of its Backyard Nursery Micro-Enterprise Program. Families grow seedlings in backyard plots and ATP purchases the seedlings when they are ready to be planted in the forest. Tree involvement doubles family income After the first seedlings were planted in 2004, the organization expanded the program and began working with hundreds of families, many of whom have doubled their annual income through their involvement. This innovative program was selected as a National Winner of the Energy Globe Award for Sustainability at the European Parliament in 2008. Rima Vanyan is another resident who keeps bees and sells the honey. When she began participating in ATP’s backyard nursery program

seven years ago, 66-year-old Rima had her husband to help her with growing the crops. However, since he passed away Rima’s been planting the seeds herself and taking care of her small plot of land. Rima recalls the time when they had to leave their village in Azerbaijan. “We weren’t expecting to leave. But we lost hope when we saw the neighboring villages empty out,” said Rima, whose mother died in Armenia and whose father is buried in Azerbaijan. Rima remembers her village in Azerbaijan as being quite beautiful and big. There were two schools, a pharmacy, a kindergarten, and a hospital. “Even the poorest family had everything,” she said, shrugging her shoulders. However, 84-year-old Mushegh Poghosyan recalls memories of a different kind. According to him, the lines between who was Armenian and who was Azerbaijani were clearly drawn, and it was after Marshal Hovhannes Baghramyan and Marshal Hamazasp Babajanyan (both born in Chardakhlu) died that “the [Azerbaijani] Turks began to kick us out since we no longer had anyone to defend us.” Mushegh lives with his wife and says that in 1988, there were 900 families living in Chardakhlu and about 13 villages in Azerbaijan populated only by Armenians. “You live 70 years in a place then you pick up and move with nothing,” recalls Mushegh. Mushegh’s son, Rafik Poghosyan, also lives in Aygut with his family. Though they live in separate homes, father and son plant their crops side by side and sow the seeds given by ATP in the same plot. Thanks to an irrigation system used to water the trees and other crops, the 1,000 seeds given to father and son have yielded rows upon rows of healthy seedlings. Further up the road from the Poghosyan family lives Marine Arakelyan with her husband Arkadi and their six children. Acknowledged by

ATP partners with families in the Getik River Valley to grow tree seedlings as part of its Backyard Nursery Micro-Enterprise Program; families grow seedlings in backyard plots and ATP purchases the seedlings when they are ready to be planted in the forest. (Photo by Adrineh Der-Boghossian) other residents as being one of the poorer families in Aygut, the Arakelyan family keeps some bees, a single cow, and grows potatoes for food. When Marine speaks, one can hear her catch her breath. When asked if she has trouble breathing, Marine says yes. “It comes from fear. My mom died young, when I was 16 years old,” she says. One of her sons seems to have the same breathing problem. In addition, Marine’s daughter has epilepsy and her husband has a wounded leg. In short, Marine has her hands full. Luckily, earlier this year, a Christian charitable organization selected her 9-year-old daughter along with five other children from Aygut to go to the Netherlands for a month-long respite. Marine talks proudly of her daughter being chosen in this select group—it’s one of

the rare moments when her face lights up and she is happy for what she has. Whereas Marine celebrates the daughter she has, neighbor Susanna Margosyan mourns for the daughter she lost. A photo of her 26year-old daughter who passed away five years ago from heart failure can be found on a sort of altar between vases of artificial flowers in her house, right below a huge crack which, she says, is a result of the landslides that started to come down on Aygut about three years ago. Losing homes and family members is an all too familiar story for many in Aygut. Ophelia Manukyan, a 50-year-old mother of four, lost her husband in 2002 and, as a result of a landslide, her home a few years ago. She

see page 28

Renovation of Pambak Village kindergarten

On July 28th the official opening ceremony of the Sarkis & Sirvart Pirjanian kindergarten in refugee-populated Pambak village was held. The kindergarten has a capacity to accommodate 50 children aged 3 to 5. In agreement with Gegharkunik marz and community administrations, Mr. and Mrs. Vahram and Sonia Pirjanian through the Yalkezian Foundation and in memory of their parents, financed and furnished areas in the school building to be used as a kindergarten for 50 children. Pambak is located at the eastern shore of Lake Sevan, north of Vardenis (administration centre of Ghegharkuik marz) and is about one km from Lake Sevan and an equal distance from the Azeri border. With the opening of the kindergarten on September 1st, 2010, four people from the village will start working as kindergarten supervisor and teachers. Vahram and Sonia Pirjanian, their family members and friends were joined at the opening ceremony by the head of Gegharkunik marz administration Never Poghosyan, representatives of Shen organization (NGO in charge of the project), clergy, all villagers and 25 children who will be attending the kindergarten for the first time on September 1st. The Yalkezian Foundation is also in the process of completing the construction of a drinking water pipeline and sewer system for the entire village of Pambak. The project has been financed by Joe and Helen Yalkezian and is due for completion in mid-October 2010. The water pipeline will be connected to all the homes in the village and will enable residents The official opening ceremony of Pambak Kindergarten. to have drinking water at their own house with a proper sewer system.

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High-Ranking Etchmiadzin Officials to Attend Akhtamar Mass Ruling party slams Armenian Church Mass in Turkey, ARF calls to boycott it (RFE/RL)—Two high-level representatives of His Holiness Karekin II, Catholicos of All Armenians, will attend a religious ceremony to be held at the 10th century Holy Cross Armenian Church in Akhtamar. The Holy Cross Church will hold its first mass in nearly a century on September 19, three years after its reopening following a $1.5 million renovation funded by the Turkish government. The latter has allowed Turkey’s Armenian community to hold religious services there once a year. Ankara has promoted the decision as proof of its commitment to tolerance and a gesture of goodwill toward Armenians. Still, it has resisted requests to return the church, perched on the legendary Akhtamar Island in Lake Van, to the community currently led by Archbishop Aram Ateshian. Catholicos Karekin II’s chief spokesman, Father Vahram Melikian, described the oneday reopening as a positive but insufficient step. “The Mother See of Saint Echmiadzin hopes that the decision will be revised and the church will be returned to the Armenian community that will use in full,” he told RFE/RL’s Armenian service. Melikian said Ateshian, who will preside over the mass, has asked the supreme leader of the Armenian Apostolic Church to send representatives to the high-profile ceremony expected to draw Turkish state officials. The Catholicos has accepted the request and will

be represented at the event by a bishop and another senior cleric from his headquarters, added Melikian. The Catholicos’ decision could cause controversy in Armenia and its worldwide Diaspora where many regard the mass as a Turkish propaganda ploy. The matter was discussed on by a sub-commission of President Serzh Sarkisian’s advisory Public Council. Ruben Safrastian, a Turkey scholar chairing the sub-commission, said Ankara wants to exploit the mass for its political agenda. “Having scuttled the process of normalizing Turkish-Armenian relations, Turkey is now trying to show the world that it is trying to normalize those relations,” he said. “In all likelihood, it has prepared that event for this purpose.” The discussion was initiated by the VanVaspurakan non-governmental organization uniting descendants of Armenians who lived in the Van region and survived the 1915 genocide. Its chairman, Romik Hovnanian, accused the Turks of seeking to mislead the world and “drive a wedge” between Armenia and the Armenian Diaspora. Ruling Party Slams Church Mass President Serzh Sarkisian’s Republican Party (HHK) spoke out against Armenian participation in a landmark mass to be held in a 10th century Armenian church in southeastern Turkey next month. The HHK spokesman, Eduard Sharmazanov, denounced the Turkish government’s decision to reopen it for a oneday religious ceremony on September 19 as a publicity stunt and “provocation” aimed at misleading the international community. “Once again, instead of taking a serious step, the Turks are staging an imitation show,”

Sharmazanov said. “I don’t think you can achieve tolerance and solidarity of civilizations in that way.” Giro Manoyan, a senior member of the opposition Armenian Revolutionary Federation also urged Armenians to boycott the mass to be served by Archbishop Aram Ateshian, the spiritual leader of Turkey’s Armenian community. “I think it would be wrong to go there on a day set by Turkey and especially in these conditions of blockade and so on,” Manoyan said. “I don’t want to blame believers willing to go there but they must know that they somewhat contribute to the Turkish provocation,” he said. Manoyan regretted in that regard the decision by Catholicos Garegin II, the supreme head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, to

send two senior clerics to the Church of Surp Khach (Holy Cross) for the September 19 mass. “I’m not sure that’s the right step,” he said. But a spokesman for Garegin II rejected calls for the boycott. “We believe that if we are given an opportunity to cherish a shrine that had functioned for centuries but is devoid of prayer today for some reasons, we must use even that single day in order to assert our rights and ownership to the shrine with our participation,” Father Vahram Melikian said. Built between 915 and 921 A.D., the Akhtamar church is one of the few surviving examples of the ancient Armenian civilization in what is now eastern Turkey. Hundreds of Armenian churches built there since the early Middle Ages were destroyed, ransacked or turned into mosques during and after the 1915 mass killings and deporations.

Pontian Greek Monastery in Turkey Armenian Catholicosate of Cilicia Celebrates First Mass Since Genocide to Boycott Aghtamar Mass

Patriarch Bartholomew I, center, the spiritual leader of the world's Orthodox Christians, conducts a service at the Sumela Monastery in Trabzon, northeastern Turkey. (AP Photo/Ibrahim Usta) The Greek Orthodox faithful flocked to the cliffside setting of Sumela monastery in northeast Turkey on Aug. 15 after Ankara allowed mass to be celebrated here for the first time in 88 years, reported AFP. “After 88 years, the tears of the Virgin Mary have stopped flowing,” the head of the Eastern Orthodox Church, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, said during the service. Greece’s Prime Minister George Papandreou, speaking after attending mass on the Cyclades Islands off the Greek mainland, welcomed the “historic and important event.” It was a sign of bilateral rapprochement with Turkey and reflected “a spirit of cooperation and peace between us and our neighbor,” the prime minister said. The site is of particular importance to Pontian Greeks, whose ancestors were massacred during the Pontian Genocide, which Turkey denies to this day. On Aug. 15, around 500 Pontians were allowed into the fourth-century monastery while around 2,000 others come from Istanbul, Greece, Russia and Georgia, watched the mass on a giant television screen outside. “For us the Virgin of Sumela is more important than our own mother,” Charalambos Zigas, a 51-year-old mechanic from Greece, told AFP. “You have to be a Pontian Greek to understand the importance of this mass.” He said that when his grandfather fled the mountainous region for exile in Russia in 1922, he lost his wife and son who were eaten by bears. Many of the faithful sought out houses that used to belong to their ancestors.“Everyone here is like me, they came to see the region, find a house… we’ve even met two people from here who say they’re Pontian and we spoke Pontian Greek,” Greek veterinarian Maria Piativou, 42, told AFP. “It is a very exciting moment for us Greeks because it’s the first time we get to have such a Mass,” Ketevan Nadareishvili, 24, told the AFP. “We can pray on the land of my great-great-grandfathers.” Turkey in May sent a letter to the patriarch authorizing mass to be celebrated here once a year on Aug. 15.The gesture appeared aimed at Turkey’s own Greek Orthodox minority, thought today to number around 2,000 people, which complains of discrimination.

The Armenian Genocide memorial chapel in the coutyard of the Catholicosate in Antelias The Catholicosate of Cilicia released a statement informing the public that the Catholicosate will not send representatives to attend church services at the Holy Cross Armenian Church on Sept. 19. The statement read, “In an attempt to convince the European Union and UNESCO that Turkey safeguards the cultural heritage of its occupied lands, the government restored the Holy Cross Armenian Church, but instead of keeping it as a church, transformed it into a museum.” The Catholicosate condemned this act as “an attempt to obscure its consistent policy of denying the Armenian Genocide and the rights of its survivors.” In the statement, the Catholicosate “calls upon all nations that advocate human rights to demand accountability from Turkey. The Catholicosate demands that the world community oblige Turkey to acknowledge that both in Western Armenia and Cilicia, occupied by Turkey, more than two thousand Armenian churches and monasteries have either been destroyed or converted into mosques or stables.” The statement concludes by reaffirming the Catholicosate’s commitment to justice, human rights, and genocide recognition, and by underscoring Turkey’s “obligation to restore of the rights of its survivors.”


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By Adrine Avanesyan

ARMENIA

Expedition Reaches Mt. Ararat Summit

On July 15, a team of 11 men, including six from Southern California, two from New Jersey, two from Canada, and one from Fresno reached the summit of Mt. Ararat. Team “Ararat 11,” a code name that the team had given themselves would soon be known to all Armenians. On July 13, team “Ararat 11” traveled 14 hours in a van to Georgia in order to enter Turkey. At the Turkish border, one of the Turkish guards asked them why they were going to Turkey. A team member, who was fluent in Turkish, told the guard that they were going to climb Mt. Ararat. The guard took one look at one of the team member’s white hair and asked, “This guy is going to climb Mt. Ararat?” The guy that the guard was referring to was Vatche Soghomonian of Fresno. The guard got up from his chair and requested a photo with Soghomonian. According to Soghomonian, the guards at the Turkish border were overall very cordial. The team crossed the border into Dogubayazit, Turkey, a town at an elevation of 6,000 feet and situated on the base of Mt. Ararat. Team “Ararat 11” started their climb on July 15, 2010 and on day one they reached camp one at 10,000 feet. On day two they climbed to camp two at 14,000 feet where they spent the night. That night there was heavy snow and hail “from hell,” Soghomonian recollected Even though their guide refused to continue the climb, the team was determined to reach the summit of Mt. Ararat. When one of the team members, Seth Setrakian got altitude sickness, he was told by Dr. Khodam Rostamian, a doctor from Glendale Kaiser that was with the team that he should descend to a safe area and wait for the team there. Setrakian answered that if one was going to die, the best place for an Armenian to die was on Mt. Ararat. Determined and their will power in tact, the team finally reached the summit of Mt. Ararat on day three where they erected the Armenian

national and the Nagorno Karabakh Republic flags. The team sang and danced and “One had to be there to see the feeling of each individual. We were in heaven that day, “said Vatche Soghomonian Each of the individuals in team “Ararat 11” had a different reason for taking on this mission. For many of the team members, they wanted to satisfy their dream that Ararat was once theirs. For Noel Gharibian, there is no other symbol that is more important to Armenians than Mt. Ararat. Last September, Noel Gharibian had met with a group that had summated Mt. Ararat on September1. The group told him and others that were interested, how they had accomplished the climb and gave them the contact information for the Turkish organization that was responsible for arranging the climb. Although the team got the proper permits needed for the climb, once they got there they were told that the Ministry of Tourism had sent a fax saying that they had cancelled the permits. However, the area is populated mostly by Kurds who don’t care much for the Turkish central government and do not pay that much attention to permits. Gharibian stated that for the Kurds it was more about business and actually getting people up on the mountain. Thus, the team was able to go on with the climb. For Edwin Davidian the experience was a once in a lifetime. “There are no words that can describe the feeling we experienced when we got to the summit,” said Davidian. He said this experience would be great teaching tool for his children and future generations to continue the kinship with homeland as represented by Mount Ararat. For Vatche Soghomonian, it was about raising money for Armenia’s Cosmic Ray Research Division (CRD) The CRD is a division of the Yerevan Physics Institute in Armenia. The Cosmic Ray Research Division is among the top 5 countries in the world with its knowledge of cosmic ray research and is able to predict

The group at Ararat°s summit bad weather ahead of time. Soghomonian believes that the CRD is doing important research that will help Armenia get further ahead in scientific advancement Since the CRD no longer receives aid from the Armenian government they rely mostly on individual donors. Although this was Soghomonian’s first time climbing Mt. Ararat, he is no stranger to using sports as a means of fundraising. His fundraising days go all the way back to his recruitment into the Armenian Technology Group (ATG) whose mission is to guide Armenia towards autonomy in the areas of food and agriculture. During his time with the ATG, Soghomonian participated in several bike-a-thons in order to raise money for various funds. ATG’s first bike-a-thon, which took place in 1999, raised enough money to put

A One-Legged Climb to the Top of Mt. Ararat

AlexanBayanduryan, 34, made the strenuous climb to the summit of Mt. Ararat on one leg and a pair of crutches as part of an international expedition. On Aug. 4, Alexan Bayanduryan, 34, made the strenuous climb to the summit of Mt. Ararat on one leg and a pair of crutches as part of an international expedition. Armenian American Varuzhan Amirhanian from the Pyunic Union for the

Disabled joined and assisted Bayanduryan, whose climb up Mt. Ararat came after three years of training. In 1993, during the Artsakh War, Bayanduryan lost his left leg to a mine explosion. A father of two, he is known to be an active sportsman, participating in a number of wheelchair marathons, as well as an annual climb to the top of Mt. Aragats since 1997, organized by Pyunic. “I was unaware of the difficulties I might face. The main obstacles came across at an elevation of 4,200 miles, but then oxygen shortage and headache were easily overcome. My mission was to climb Ararat in the name of the fallen soldiersliberators, and I achieved my goal. Unfortunately, we could not see Armenia from the top because of the fog,” he said during a press conference. Bayanduryan is the first man to climb the mountain on one foot. His next challenge will be to conquer Mt. Everest. “I must reach the summit of Everest. After a three-year effort, I managed to climb Ararat. Let’s see how much time I will need to scale Everest,” he was quoted as saying. The Pyunic Union for the Disabled was established in 1988, and currently has 3,000 members. Its mission has been to protect the rights and legal interests of the disabled; to support the financial, medical, social, physical, and psychological needs of its members; and to promote sports for the disabled. Among other projects, the organization, whose director Hakob Abrahamyan is also president of the Armenian National Paralympics Committee, supported the two athletes who participated in the 2010 Paralympics that took place in Vancouver, Canada. The annual climb to the top of Mt. Aragats, organized by Pyunic, is scheduled to take place on Sept. 21. In September 2009, Erik Weinmayer became the first known blind person to reach the summit of Mt. Ararat. The first recorded climb to the summit was made by explorer Dr. Friedrich Parrot, a professor of physics, and educator and poet Khachatur Abovian in 1829. About 20 miles south of the Armenian border, the snow covered Mt. Ararat stands nearly 17,000 feet tall. It is believed to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark, and is a national symbol for Armenians worldwide.

the first grape vine nursery in Nagorno Karabakh. For the Armenian Technology Group’s 11th bike-a-thon, a friend of Soghomonian suggested that since Mt. Ararat was a huge symbol of Armenia, they should do a bike-a-thon in Armenian and then climb Mt. Ararat. Soghomonian talked about everyone’s enthusiasm at the prospect of climbing Mt. Ararat. Soghomonian wants Asbarez readers to know that that he is very much devoted as a Diaspora Armenian and will do whatever is in his means to find any possible vehicle to generate wealth to support his ancestral homeland. Raising money through bike-a-thons and climbing Mt. Ararat are such “vehicles” for Soghomonian.

Research Sheds Light On Domestic Violence In Armenia (RFE/RL)- Almost one in ten women in Armenia has been physically ill-treated by their husbands or partners, according to government research commissioned by a United Nations agency. In what was the most comprehensive ever study of domestic violence in the country, the National Statistical Service interviewed nearly 2,800 female residents aged between 15 and 59 in late 2008 and early 2009. Yerevan-based representatives of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) made its findings available to RFE/RL's Armenian service in August. They show that 9 percent of respondents said they were occasionally or regularly beaten in domestic disputes. Another 3.3 percent alleged sexual abuse, usually accompanied by physical violence, at the hands of their husbands or boyfriends. A quarter of those polled claimed to have faced intimidation and other types of `psychological pressure.' The UNFPA survey identifies `economic violence' as another form of domestic violence. According to it, 7.5 percent of Armenian women are not allowed to work, while 8 percent of those having jobs are forced to give their incomes to their male partners. “We live in a patriarchal society,” Garik Hayrapetian, deputy head of the UNFPA's Yerevan office, told RFE/RL, commenting on the results of the survey. “The man plays the role of family protector and main breadwinner. That brings with it a sense that if he is the main breadwinner then he must have final say, and any objection to that leads to what we have,” he said. In another finding emphasized by Hayrapetian, more than half of the female respondents justified the beating of wives and girlfriends for infidelity and other perceived serious offenses. Such attitudes are particularly prevalent among women in rural areas, the UNFPA official said.


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Harper Collins Announces Publication of Hovannisian’s ‘Family of Shadows’

Publishing house HarperCollins has announced the September 21-Independence Day release of Garin K. Hovannisian’s highly anticipated debut memoir, Family of Shadows: A Century of Murder, Memory, and the Armenian American Dream. “One of modern history’s great unexamined stories,” declares David Ignatius of the Washington Post. “Family of Shadows will move you with the intensity and intimacy of its detail.” Combining the historical urgency of The Burning Tigris, the cultural sweep of Middlesex, and the psychological complexity of Snow,

Family of Shadows is a searing history of Armenia, witnessed and realized through three generations of the Hovannisian family: Kaspar— the survivor of a national catastrophe and soldier of General Antranig; Richard—the scholar, the professor, the pioneer of Armenian studies in the United States; and Raffi—the repatriate citizen and first foreign minister of a new republic, the leader of a rising opposition party in Armenia’s parliament. “An extraordinary saga,” hails Dr. Vartan Gregorian, president of the Carnegie Corporation of New York and author of The Road to Home. “An inspired tribute, full of passion and appreciation.” From a deeply haunting account of the Armenian Genocide of 1915 to an original panorama of a complicated diaspora to an inside view of Armenia’s struggle for independence and democracy, Family of Shadows tells the Armenian story like never before. “Garin Hovannisian brings a historian’s rigor, a poet’s lyricism, and a native son’s passion to this remarkable book,” raves Samuel G. Freedman, author of The Inheritance. “Intimate as memoir yet expansive as an epic, Family of Shadows puts the Armenian experience, in all its tragedy and triumph, into memorably human terms.” Family of Shadows is available for pre-sale at Amazon and all other bookstores. Garin K. Hovannisian is a recipient of the Fulbright Fellowship in Creative Writing and the Lynton Award for Book Writing. A graduate of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, he lives in Los Angeles and Yerevan, Armenia. He has written for the Los Angeles Times, Liberty, and the literary journal Ararat.

Armenian Wins European ‘New Wave’ Competition (BBC)—In the language of sports, a spurt at the finish gave Sona Shakhgeldyan, a 24-yearold singer from Armenia, her victory at the “New Wave” contest for young performers of popular songs. Shakhgeldyan managed to outshine Ukrainian contestant Tatyana Shirko by only one point in the third and final round. Shirko, who took third place, was behind Shakhgeldyan by only 3 points. Shakhgeldyan is inspired by her success and has many plans for the future. She wishes to donate part of her monetary award to an animal shelter. “I want to do good; I can’t find words for happiness. I want to organize my first solo concert! And I’ll work all the time. I don’t want to take a rest.” The performers at “New Wave” competed fiercely for the victory in the Dzintary Concert Hall in the Latvian resort city of Jurmala. Alexander Rumyantsev, the General Director of the “New Wave” contest claims that the contest has a very high reputation Rumyantsev calls the “New Wave” contest, a European level event. He is sure that there is nothing of the kind in Europe today. The world-famous Eurovision Song Contest has often invited both the winners and the participants of the “New Wave” to Eurovision, including an Israeli singer, Eddie Butler, Ukrainian Tina Karol, the Vocal Group Cosmos from Latvia, and singer Dima Bilan from Russia. Not only does “New Wave” have a solid prize fund, which is worth 100,000 Euros this year, and contracts with Russian radio stations and TV companies, the “New Wave” also enables its winners to make their way onto the European stage. “New Wave” welcomes young performers from show business and the world stars of classical music on its stage. Performing before the Jurmala audience this year were two Russian opera stars – Anna Netrebko and Dmitri Khvorostovsky. Yegor Sesarev, a Russian singer from St. Petersburg, won this year’s prize for audience sympathies.

Bohjalian to Write a Novel on the Armenian Genocide

Award-winning and bestselling author Chris Bohjalian is planning a novel on the Armenian Genocide to be published in 2014 on the advent of its centennial. “I failed in 1996. But I’m older now. I may not be wiser but I’m at least more experienced,” Bohjalian says referring to his unpublished novel Sugar Daddy, set in 1996 in South Beach and 1915 in Istanbul during the Genocide. Bohjalian feels it’s time for America to step forward and recognize the Genocide in conjunction with his 2008 novel, Skeletons at the Feast, a novel set during the last days of World War II in German-occupied Poland. Bohjalian is the author of 13 books, including his new novel, Secrets of Eden, which debuted at Number 6 on the New York Times and Publishers Weekly best seller lists. Other New York Times best sellers include Skeletons at the Feast, The Double Bind, Before You Know Kindness, The Law of Similars and Midwives, which was a top best seller thanks to Oprah Winfrey’s Book Club. His works has been translated into more than 25 languages and twice made into movies (“Midwives” and “Past the Bleachers.”) He has written for a wide variety of magazines and newspapers.

Balakian’s ‘Ziggurat’ to Hit Shelves Sept. 11 In his first book of poems since his highly praised June-tree: New and Selected Poems 1974-2000, Peter Balakian continues to define himself as one of the most distinctive voices of his generation. Exploring history, self, and imagination, as well as his ongoing concerns with catastrophe and trauma, many of his new poems wrestle with the aftermath of 9/11. About Ziggurat (University of Chicago Press, 2010), prize-winning poet Carolyn Forché has written: “With characteristic originality, Balakian finds his echoing motif in the construc­ tion of the first great skyscraper, the Ziggurat at Ur, and this gives his epic poem, ‘ATrain/Ziggurat/Elegy,’ a historical depth I have found nowhere else in American poetry in recent years. What Balakian has achieved here is a brilliant assimilation of the historical, philosoph­ ical, political, and psychological.” As a young man in the late 1960s, Peter Balakian was a mail runner in downtown Man­ hattan, working in and around the building site of the World Trade Center as the towers slowly took shape and began to fill with people and businesses. And, like so many others, he watched in mute horror on 9/11 as they fell. In his long poem “A-Train/Ziggurat/Elegy”—which forms the centerpiece of his new book, Ziggu­ rat—he weaves the story of their rise and fall into a complex personal and cultural account of life and loss in New York in the final decades of the twentieth century. Frightening and moving by turns, the poem anchors a book that ranges widely geographically and culturally, from the ruins of the Bosnian National Library and tidings of war to the relationship between high and pop art, music and memory, catastrophe and commemoration—all shot through with the empathy and attention to language that will be familiar to readers of his memoir, Black Dog of Fate, and his best-selling account of the Arme­ nian genocide, The Burning Tigris.

Essayist and literary critic Sven Birkerts, in turn, has written: “Ziggurat ingests calamity and dissolves it into an exhilarating rhythm and image, pushing the language until it feels like it’s breaking into something new. This is how idioms change, advance. Balakian renders scenes and at the same time enacts the sen­ sibility being breached and affected—9/11 is just shorthand for our new magnitudes of vio­ lence and dissociation. The frames of contem­ porary life, and our recent history, fit together because they have been brought to account in the self of the poet. The work aims to reveal the human capacity to integrate and, after hard passage, transcend.”

Father Land, by Vahé and Ara Oshagan to be Published by powerhouse Father Land by Vahé and Ara Oshagan is a poetic and personal journey through the rugged, human-and-history-laden landscape of the mountainous Nagorno–Karabakh Republic. It is also a unique collaboration between a photographer son and his well–known, writer father. A family steeped in Armenian literature and art, Vahé and Ara Oshagan’s work is the result of an intensely felt connection to their heritage and homeland. Father Land is a literary and visual contemplation of Karabakh’s present–day, its history and its culture, as well as a meditation on transnational identity, land, and paternal bonds. Springing from a deep understanding of the Armenian people and their unique past, Vahé Oshagan;s essay presents a reflective, yet witty and fluid, account of his encounters with people from all walks of Karabakh life. It touches upon topics as diverse as the happenings of the 8th–century BC, the recent war of liberation, the dialect of the people, their worldview, their contradictions, their body language, their spirituality, and their legendary hospitality. It is an accomplished piece of imaginative literature, weaving between literary and literal, creative and factual, objective and subjective reflection. Ara Oshagan’s photographs depict a complex and layered vision of Karabakh. Functioning on documentary as well as symbolic levels, they reflect his encounters in the region as seen from his own intensely personal point of view. At times capturing an intimate familial moment; at other times, in the street, observing the chaos of life; or reverent in the presence of Karabakh’s millennial churches, the images simultaneously document, explore, and reflect upon Karabakh’s precarious present and his own place in this Father Land. Taken together, the text and images are symbiotic and deeply connected—like the father and son who produced the work–and they portray a region and a culture as old as the bonds of family and society themselves. Vahé Oshagan is the preeminent poet and man of letters of the Armenian diaspora. He has authored eight volumes of poetry, six volumes of prose fiction, short stories, plays, and countless scholarly and literary articles and essays. Oshagan’s career as a writer was marked by a clear break from the past and the introduction of new literary ideas and forms into the Armenian language. In 1998, the President of the Republic of Armenia awarded Oshagan the Movses Khorenatsi medal for a lifetime of service to Armenian culture and letters–the highest Armenian honor given to a living person. Vahé Oshagan passed away on June 30, 2000. Ara Oshagan is a photographer whose work revolves around the intersecting themes of identity, community, and memory. His first series, iwitness, joined portraits of witnesses of the Armenian Genocide of 1915 with their stories of survival, and redemption. Oshagan has also explored is own identity through photographs of the Armenian diaspora of Los Angeles. His other projects include Juvies, an image/text project with youth in the California prison system. Ara Oshagan’s work is in the permanent collection of the Southeast Museum of Photography, Florida; the Downey Museum of Art, California; and the Museum of Modern Art in Armenia.


2010 28 º.êºäîºØ´ºð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 59

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One Seed ...

from page 28

received money from the government to rebuild her house in a different location; however, she says this one too is cracking and falling apart. Ophelia’s mother-in-law, Grafinia Karapetyan, recalls her own story of survival since her family members came from Van and Mush. From Western Armenia, they moved to Azerbaijan and she recounts how Armenians and Azerbaijanis used to live side by side and participate in each other’s life celebrations. “Weddings, happiness, sadness—there was no difference [between us and them]. It’s good that we’ve come to our homeland. However, first we escaped from Mush, then Chardakhlu, and now we have to deal with the landslides,” she said. Ophelia is very happy with ATP and is one of the few people in the village who also has job as a janitor at the school. Ophelia preferred working in the cafeteria, but she’s happy to have a job that earns her a bit of income. In fact, as a survivor of the 1988 earthquake in Spitak where she lived prior to moving to Aygut, Ophelia’s happy to be alive—she and her father spent a month in the hospital after being pulled out from under the rubble. Ophelia’s 14-year-old daughter Gohar, however, is spared such harsh memories. She lives in the present and talks fondly of the US Peace Corps volunteers that have lived in the village during their two-year terms. One such volunteer even taught environmental education to children and Gohar eagerly absorbed the lessons—it can be said that Gohar is part of a new generation of environmentalists in Armenia. Aygut is a village inhabited by Armenians who, for the most part, had to relocate here from villages in Azerbaijan where they had spent most of their lives. Many lost family members and homes more than once, but the community and the seeds from ATP give them hope. The money they receive from ATP for the tree seedlings they have raised will support them in securing materials for their homes, expanding their small businesses, and supporting their children. It is a chance to build again—community, home, harvest. To plant seeds and watch them grow.

¶ñ»ó¿ù Ù»½Ç §ÂáñáÝÃáѳۦ Çñ ÁÝûñóáÕÝ»ñ¿Ý ³ÝÓÝ³Ï³Ý ·ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ËÙµ³·ñáõû³Ý áõÕÕáõ³Í ϳñÍÇùÝ»ñ ÏÁ ëï³Ý³Û Ù»ù»Ý³·ñáõ³Í »õ áõÕÕáõ³Í Ñ»ï»õ»³É »É»ÏïñáÝÇù ѳëó¿Çݪ Email: torontohye@gmail.com


29

êºäîºØ´ºð 2010 º. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 59

´Ý³Ï³ñ³Ý³ÛÇÝ ³é»õïáõñÇ íëï³Ñ»ÉÇ »õ ³é³çݳϳñ· ëå³ë³ñÏáõû³Ý ѳٳñ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»É

ð³ýýÇ î¿ñ e l b a äûÕá뻳ÝÇÝ i l e R

Raffi D. Boghossian, B.A., MVA Broker Market Value Appraiser

BUYING OR SELLING REAL ESTATE

MAKE ME YOUR #1 CHOICE

416-497-9794 RAFFI

Luxury Tridel Building $1,600/month

Approx 1460 Sq.Ft. Very Spacious. 2 Balconies, Two 4 Piece Bathrooms. Recently Renovated, New Flooring Throughout, New Paint, Move-In Condition. Available From Mid September. Flat Rental Includes All The Utilities, Including Cable TV. Tenant Pays For Its Own Internet Or Telephone Services. Excellent Rec Facilities: Party Room, Exercise Room, Billiard Room, Saunas, Indoor Pool & 2 Tennis Courts.

3107 Sheppard Avenue East, Scarborough, Ontario M1T 3J7

RETAIL SPACE 1050-2000sq.ft

OFFICE SPACE $8 Sq.Ft. Net

Recently Built Plaza At A Very Busy Intersection In Ajax. Major Chains In The Immediate Neighbourhood. Excellent Retail Space For High-End Specialty Sales & Service – Medical Preferrable.

Recently Built Plaza At Very Busy Intersection In Ajax. 2nd Floor. Tastefully Finished Office Space. Formerly Used As Lawyers Office. Major Chains In The Immediate Neighbourhood; Staples & Royal Bank Across. Next To St.Louis Bar & Grill Restaurant.

(See answers reversed on this page)

COLDWELL BANKER EXCEPTIONAL REAL ESTATE SERVICES

raffi.db@sympatico.ca www.raffirealestate.com

BUYING OR SELLING REAL ESTATE DOWNTOWN WITH GARAGE $1,450/month

MAKE ME YOUR #1 CHOICE

1 Bdrm Condo. Luxury "Water Park City" Condo. 24 Hour Concierge. Only Few Steps To Exhibition Grounds & Ontario Place. Open Balcony. Vacant – Available Immediately. 1 Underground Parking.

̳Ëáõ ¶áñͳï»ÕÇ

McCowan/16th Ave Approx. 3200 sq.ft.

1300 ù³é. áïù ͳËáõ Ù³ùáõñ ·áñͳï»ÕÇ (Office-áí ÙdzëÇÝ) Scarborough-Ç Ù¿ç

Executive House – 4 Bedrooms, 3 Bathrooms. Huge Eat-In Kitchen. Backyard with Deck. Large Lot with Fruit Trees.

Realty Inc., Brokerage

Independently Owned and Operated

HOME IMPROVEMENT

D.D.S., M.Cl.D., F.R.C.D.(C)

Orthodontist

ÊÙµ³·Çñ

Publisher Torontohye communications Inc. 45 Hallcrown Place Willowdale, ON M2J 4Y4 Email:torontohye@gmail.com Phone: (416) 491- 2900 ext. 3 Fax: (416) 491- 2211

γñÇÝ ê³ÕïÁ×»³Ý

²ß˳ï³ÏÇóÝ»ñ

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North York: 3333 Bayview Avenue, Suite 203 416-221-0660

60 Deerbrook Trl., Toronto Direct: 647-224-6668 Res.: 416-491-6668 parma@sympatico.ca

Ara Graphics

Downtown Toronto: 11 King Street West, Suite C115 416-363-3018

HOMELIFE NEW WORLD REALTY INC.

HomeLife/Visi n

Richmond Hill (Hillcrest Mall): 9350 Yonge Street, Suite 216 905-884-4161

Torontohye Newspaper

Sales Representative

416-490-1177

Ù³Ýñ³Ù³ëÝáõû³Ýó ѳٳñ Ñ»é³Ó³Ûݻɪ 416-494-2555 ºÕdz êÇõÙåáõÉ»³ÝÇÝ

Dr. Raffi Aynaciyan braces for children and adults

Hamaz Tashjian

Free Estimate

̳ÝáõóáõÙÝ»ñ

Math Contests Preparations

(Gauss, Pascal etc.)

Arto Hacherian

ahacherian@hotmail.com

416-495-1513

Editor

Karin Saghdejian

¼³ñ»Ñ î»ñíÇß»³Ý лé.ª 416-434-3437

²ñßû ¼³ù³ñ»³Ý êáõñ¿Ý â¿ùÇ×»³Ý ê³ñÇÏ ä³å»³Ý ø³Ãdz î¿ñ Úáí³ÏÇÙ»³Ý

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Zareh Dervichian Phone: 416-434-3437 Sevag Haroutunian Phone: 416- 878-0746 Ara Ter Haroutunian Email: aragraphics@gmail.com


2010 30º.êºäîºØ´ºð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 59

ÂáñáÝÃáÛÇ Ð³Û Î»¹ñáÝÇ ì³ñãáõÃÇõÝÁ ÏÁ ù³ç³É»ñ¿ áñ ÂáñáÝÃáѳÛáõÃÇõÝÁ Çñ ³é³õ»É³·áÛÝ Ù³ëݳÏóáõÃÇõÝÁ µ»ñ¿ ³Ûë Ó»éݳñÏÇÝ:

¶Æî¾±ø ²ð¸ºúø Ò»ñ ëÇñ»ÉÇÝ»ñáõÝ Ã³ÕÙ³Ý Ï³ñÇùÝ»ñáõÝ

ѳٳñ

Ø»ñ Ñ»é³Ó³ÛÝ»ñÁ µ³ó »Ý ëå³ë³ñÏ»Éáõ ѳٳñ Ó»½Ç

Specializing in real estate, wills and estates, and corporate law

Serving the community for over 26 years.

ûñÁ 24 ųÙ, ï³ñÇݪ 365 ûñ

ºë ¾ÝïñÇõÝ »Ùª R.S. Kane Funeral Home-Ç í³ñÇãÁ ºÃ¿ Û³õ»É»³É û·Ýáõû³Ý ϳñÇùÁ áõÝÇù, Ëݹñ»Ù ϳåáõ»ó¿ù Ù»½Ç Ñ»ïª Ð»éª 416- 221-1159 ϳ٠info@rskane.ca


31

êºäîºØ´ºð 2010 º. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 59

?

Looking for answers…

Is there a God? Is forgiveness possible? What happens when we die? Why is there suffering?

Come, let's discuss at

THE ALPHA COURSE Begins Sunday 12 September 5:00 pm (light dinner included)

OPEN to ALL ARMENIANS for more information (and to register)

go to www.hyealpha.org or email ALPHAsession@gmail.com or call the Armenian Evangelical Church at 905-305-8144

Rimound Aghdam Argiti Sales Representative

Cell: 416-897-8261

Office: 416-383-1828 Fax: 416-383-1821 Email: topsellsargiti@gmail.com Email: raghdamargiti@trebnet.com Website: www.RimoundArgiti.com 1945 Leslie Street. Toronto. ON. M3B 2M3 Independently owned and operated


2010 32 º.êºäîºØ´ºð î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 59


TorontoHye Newspaper Volume 5, #12-59 - September 2010