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²ñ»õ»É³Ñ³Û»ñ¿Ý Þ³µ³Ãûñ»³Û ì³ñųñ³ÝÁ Ú³Ûï³ñ³ñáõÙ ¿ 2013-2014 î³ñ»ßñç³ÝÇ ²ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñÇ ÀݹáõÝ»ÉáõÃÇõÝ v Ø»Í áõß³¹ñáõÃÇõÝ ¿ ¹³ñÓõáõÙ µ³é³å³ß³ñÇ ½³ñ·³óÙ³Ý íñ³Û: v ú·ï³·áñÍõáõÙ »Ý µ³½Ù³ÃÇõ Ù»Ãá¹Ý»ñ, ϳ½Ù³Ï»ñåõáõÙ »Ý ï³ñµ»ñ áõëáõÙݳϳÝ, Ùï³ÛÇÝ »õ ýǽÇù³ÛÇÝ Ë³Õ»ñ, ÙñóáÛÃÝ»ñ »õ ÙÇçáó³éáõÙÝ»ñ: v ²ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñÇÝ ïñõáõÙ ¿ ³Ýѳï³Ï³Ý Ùûï»óáõÙ: àõëáõóÇãÝ»ñÁ áõÝ»Ý û·��³Ï³ÝÝ»ñ: v àõÝ»Ýù ݳ»õ »ñ·Ç »õ óïñáÝÇ Ñ³ÙáÛÃ:

§Ø»Ýù Ð³Û »Ýù гۻñ¿Ý È»½õáí¦

ÀݹáõÝõáõÙ »Ýª 3-Çó - 13 ï³ñ»Ï³Ý ³ß³Ï»ñïÝ»ñ Þ³µ³Ã ûñ»ñÁ ³é³õûï»³Ý 9:00-Çó - 11:30-Á ¸åñáóÇ Ñ³ëó¿.ª Donview Middle School 20 Evermade Dr. North York M3A 2S3 ²ñӳݳ·áõû³Ý áõ ³ÛÉ Ù³Ýñ³Ù³ëáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÇ Ñ³Ù³ñ ϳåõ¿ù ìÇáɿà ʳã³ïñ»³ÝÇÝ 905.948.9135 /416.357.7461 Eastern Armenian Saturday School Is now registering children for the 2013-2014 academic year. For more information regarding the teaching methods and materials or how to register your child, please call the teacher Violette Khachaturian @ 905.948.9135 / 416.357.7461


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Dr. Raffi Aynaciyan braces for children and adults

D.D.S., M.Cl.D., F.R.C.D.(C)

Orthodontist Richmond Hill (Hillcrest Mall): 9350 Yonge Street, Suite 216 905-884-4161 North York: 3333 Bayview Avenue, Suite 203 416-221-0660 Downtown Toronto: 11 King Street West, Suite C115 416-363-3018

Ara Graphics

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Armenia Wins UN Tourism Poster Competition Armenia has won the European nomination of the United Nations World Tourism Organization 2013 Vettor Giusti Tourism Poster Competition. The news was announced during the 20th General Assembly of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) held in Zambia and Zimbabwe from 24-29 August. Presented by the National Competitive-ness Foundation of Armenia and the Armenian Ministry of Economy, the poster, titled “Symphony of Stones,” was named the best among 44 member

Armenia's winning submission, titled, "Symphony of Stones"

countries of the UNWTO Commission for Europe. The Vettor Giusti tourism posters competition is held every two years on the occasion of the sessions of the UNWTO General Assembly. This year the Assembly was attended by over 140 countries. Armenia’s “Symphony of Stones” poster will be displayed at the entrance hall of the UNWTO building in Madrid and on the organization’s website until the next Vettor Giusti poster competition winner is announced in 2015.


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TORONTO ARMENIANS

Premier of Ontario Celebrates the 30th Anniversary of the Armenian Church in Toronto

Premier Kathleen Wynne, minister Micheal Coteau and MPP Bas Balkissoon with young members of the community.

by Hratch Aynedjian On August 16, the Premier of Ontario Kathleen Wynne visited the Armenian Community Centre to celebrate the 30th anniversary of St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church of Toronto. Wynne who was recently elected Premier of Ontario after a leadership contest in January was welcomed by Prelate Archbishop Khajag Hagopian and Archimandrite Meghrig Parikian and leaders of the Toronto Armenian community. Premier Wynne is the first female and the 25th Premier of Ontario. Her visit to our community centre was the first in many years for a current Premier. Wynne was presented with flowers as well as a serving of bread and salt, which symbolizes breaking and blessing of bread, one of the highest friendly gestures

Photos by Stephen Joly

Archbishop Khajag Hagopian and Krikor Chitilian present the Premier with gifts.

our church observes with a guest. The night marked the 30thanniversary of the opening of St Mary’s Armenian Apostolic Church and the Feast of the Assumption of St. Mary. The Assumption of St. Mary is celebrated in the Armenian Church in mid August. Many would remember that St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church was built in 1990 at its current location at 45 Hallcrown Place. It might seem difficult to do the math of the 30thanniversary. The reality is that the church during its first seven years has operated from St. Augustine Anglican Church located on Bayview Ave. in Toronto. Archimandrite Khajag Hagopian was called to pastoral duties in Toronto and became the church's first pastor on February 28, 1983. Exactly 26 years ago, on August 16,

1987, the foundation was laid for the new church building to be built and construction began. On May 27, 1990 the new church building was consecrated and its first Holy Mass was celebrated. The Church was officially named St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church. In the spring of 2012, the church was renovated under the auspices of the Prelate of Canada, Archbishop Khajag Hagopian. Upon her arrival, the Premier was first escorted to the church to watch a brief service where she took her seat with Prelate Hagopian. After the service, Prelate Hagopian Archbishop and Prelate, father Meghrig Parikian and Krikor Chitilian, Chairman of the Church Board of Trustees, each took their turn to present the Premier with a gift; a khatchkar, a book. Afterwards, the Premier was guided by

the clergy to the main hall where Community leaders and dignitaries were waiting. Among those present were Michael Coteau, Minister of Citizenship and Immigration; Bas Balkissoon, MPP Scarborough-Rouge River and and Harout Manougian, School Trustee for Ward 17. A short private meeting took place. The third stage of the visit was the address to the awaiting community. Premier Wynne moved outside into the courtyard where she delivered her previously prepared remarks to members of the community. Subsequent to her visit, the Premier wrote a letter to thank the community for the reception she received during her visit. She congratulated the community on its achievements and re-affirmed her solemn pledge to stand with the community on the Armenian Genocide.

Zoryan Hosts 22 University Students to Study Genocide The running of the 12th annual Genocide & Human Rights University Program (GHRUP) couldn’t have been timelier considering the atrocities and human rights violations currently taking place in Syria, Egypt, and several countries in the Middle East and Africa. This year, 22 students came to Toronto from 10 countries to meet and study with ten distinguished genocide scholars. Many of the students came from backgrounds where gross violations of human rights and genocide are part of their national or personal experience, such as Kurds, Nigerians, Pakistanis, Armenians, Jews, Muslims, and Christians. There were several students who work to provide aid to affected communities, such as those of Guatemala and Sudan. Perhaps even more remarkable was the number of students who do not have a direct connection, yet are deeply motivated to understand human rights violations and genocide and how to raise awareness to prevent them around the world. The Course Director, Prof. Joyce Apsel of New York University, noted: “Several students who are teachers commented on how much they learned from watching the pedagogy of different instructors, as well as from the course content. Other students consulted me and other instructors about which directions and schools to pursue for graduate education. They proved to be an outstanding group of students, and it was a privilege to have two weeks in and out of the classroom to exchange ideas and interests.” Indeed, the students brought many diverse experiences to the classroom. One student who is a journalist by trade, described

GHRUP Class 2013 students with faculty members.

to the class, based on a personal visit to North Korea, the importance of maintaining a critical perspective on decades-old yet still ongoing human rights abuses there. Another student presented the current and historical human rights abuses of disabled peoples affected by policies of eugenics in the USA, a group she works with in her field of Social Work and Disability Studies. Yet another brought the class to tears by discussing her own family’s history of having suffered chemical attacks in the Halabja massacre of March 16, 1988. The GHRUP allows students the opportunity to voice these backgrounds, to analyze comparatively how genocides unfold, their immediate and transgenerational effects on people, and to explore how we can stop them. It was remarkable to see descendants of perpetrator and victim groups in the Armenian Genocide—students of Armenian, Kurdish

Prof. Hovhannesian during his lecture to GHRUP students.

and Turkish background—find common interests with each other, and within the academic environment of the program and based on historical facts, explore issues of stereotypes, memory, denial and reconciliation together and see each other through the prism of humanity. One student from Pakistan, currently a member of the UNAMID effort in Darfur, Sudan, brought to the course the perspective and the dedication of those who work to prevent genocide in the field. This year, a business student audited the course. At the end of the course the student made a spontaneous and moving speech in which she said that the course restored her faith in humanity. The GHRUP evokes a powerful sense of enthusiasm and commitment from students and faculty alike, and makes them reflect on their own lives

and the lives of all others in the world. This student’s feeling of connectedness to the students and the course was really a beacon of hope. The sentiments of all course attendees are perhaps best captured in their own words. Explaining their perception of the program’s greatest strength, one student commented: “I think the GHRUP does an amazing job of providing an incredibly comprehensive course in such a short period of time. The quality of the scholars and students, and the incredible range of experiences and backgrounds are unparalleled.” Another student wrote that “This program is life- and career-changing. It focuses on the history of genocide, the patterns of genocide, the denial and prevention of genocide.” (Zoryan Institute, GHRUP)


TORONTO ARMENIANS

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11th Armenian Medical World Congress Los Angeles, July 3-7, 2013

Dr. Ani Hasserjian During the first Armenian Medical World Congress in 1974 in Beirut, Lebanon, it was proposed to form an international body to create communications between the various Armenian Health Care Societies and professionals throughout the world. However, it was not until May 1990 that representatives from Canada, U.S.A. and France gathered in Montreal and founded the Armenian Medical International Committee (AMIC). After the first congress, Armenian Medical World Congresses were held in the following cities: Venice (1980), Montreal (1984), Los Angeles (1988), Paris (1992), Boston (1995), Lyon (1998), Toronto (2001), San Francisco (2005), New York City (2009) and Los Angeles (2013). Since 2003, once every four years, organized by the Armenian and Artsakh Health ministries with the cooperation of the Armenian Medical International Committee (AMIC), World Congresses were also held in Yerevan, Armenia. There has been Armenian Medical World Congresses held in 2007, 2011 and the next one is being organized for 2015. That means once every 2 years Armenian Health Professionals can attend those Medical Conferences from all over the world. This year, 3-7 July, the 11th Armenian Medical World Congress was held in Los Angeles, at the Hollywood Loews Hotel’s Ray Dolby Ballroom. The Congress was organized by The Armenian American Medical Society (AAMS) California Chapter. Founded in October 1985 in Los Angeles by a group of Armenian American Physicians, the society has over 500 members and currently is the largest Armenian Diasporan medical professional society in the world. The organizing committee, headed by the president of the Congress, Dr. Vicken Sepilian, had devoted countless hours of hard work for the last two years.

This year's theme of "Uniting for a Healthy Future" brought together Armenian health professionals from all over the world for collaboration and cooperation between Armenia and the Diaspora, for a better health care policies and medical education in Armenia. More than 200 lectures of various disciplines in Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacology as well as other subjects were presented and over 400 professionals participated from 17 different countries. During the opening ceremony Dr. Derenik Dumanyan, the health Minister of Armenia, read President Serzh Sarkissyan's message addressed to the Armenian Health professionals. Minister of Health of Artsakh Dr. Zoya Lazaryan, Counsil General of Armenia Mr. Krikor Hovhannisyan and Dr. Jerry Manoukian the Interim President of the Armenian Medical International Committee also participated with their messages. The Scientific program was scheduled for the afternoon and it continued with the plenary sessions of innovations in medicine; Breakthroughs and promises of Novel Therapies in the Management of Heart Disease and Stroke, also Novel approaches in the management of Cancer. For the evening of July 3rd, the welcoming reception was at the Egyptian Theater Courtyard with the participation of Element Band as entertainers. Participants enjoyed an evening of fun in a social atmosphere. July 4th, the plenary sessions were about innovations in Science with different topics such as "Armenian Disease" diagnosis, treatment etc. also a mini- symposium on the Global Burden of Infectious Diseases was presented. The afternoon was scheduled for concurrent multi specialty breakout sessions which included the following: Cardiovascular Diseases, General Surgery, Oral Health/

Dentistry, Hematology/Oncology, Pediatric, Internal Medicine, Medical Health, Reproductive Health, Mental Health, Neuroscience, Obstetrics/ Gynecology, Nursing, Pharmacy. On the evening of July the 4th after dinner at the picnic area at Hollywood Bowl, the participants were entertained by Josh Groban followed by spectacular July 4th fireworks. July 5th the plenary sessions were devoted to challenges facing the Healthcare in Armenia and challenges facing the Medical Education in Armenia. Health care policy in Armenia and health care policy in the Nagorno Karbakh Republic were presented by Dr. Derenik Dumanyan, and Dr. Zoya Lazaryan, respectively. Dr. Shant Shekerdemian presented the Health Care in Armenia by identifying policy needs, measuring successes and defining the role of the Diaspora. The lecture was very well received and symbolically it became the highlight of the Congress. Educating the next generation of Health Care Professionals in the context of patient safety and implications for Armenia was another topic presented. The multidisciplinary concurrent sessions continued in the afternoon in the following disciplines and subjects: Alternative Medicine, Armenia's Health Projects, Internal Medicine, Mental Health, Oral Health, Orthopedics/podiatry/pain management, Pharmacy, Plastic and, Reconstructive Surgery, Urology. On the evening of July 5th, special alumni reunion receptions were organized for the American University of Beirut graduates and Yerevan State Medical University graduates which were greatly appreciated by the participants. July 6th the plenary sessions were about working towards solving the Global Paradox of overconsumption and under nutrition and

CNE: The Biggest Fun Fair in Canada

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Canada’s biggest and North America’s seventh biggest fun fair opened its doors to the public on August 16 and will stay open until September 2, 2013. The Canadian National Exhibition (CNE), also known as The Ex, is for Torontonians the official announcement of the end of summer and for thousands of students, a new beginning full of new challenges. Established in 1879 for the development of agriculture and industry, the CNE, for 135 years, has been part of the social life of many generations as children and adults. It is settled on 192 acres of prime lakefront public property and falls under the jurisdiction of the City of Toronto, for many years contributing $20 million

annually to the city budget and having a surplus of $7.3 million. Attendance also has been increasing year over year. In 2012 alone, 1.39 million people went through the gates of the CNE. This year is a milestone in the history of The Ex. It’s the first year that the CNE is managed independently as a “Non Share Capital Corporation”. For the third year, TorontoHye Newspaper, as a member of the National Ethnic Press and Media Council of Canada, is on display along with many ethnic media publications. This year’s major setback was food poisoning which affected over 150 people. It scare was contained soon afterwards as the festivities continued uninterrupted.

targeted therapies with new frontiers in Pharmacology. The 11th Armenian Medical World Congress was concluded by the closing remarks of the two Health Ministers, the Congress president and AMIC's president which proved to be truly "United" in accordance to the theme of "Uniting for a Healthy Future". In the afternoon representatives from Armenia's medical organizations attended the Armenian Medical International Committee's (AMIC) General Meeting. After Dr. Avedis Bogosyan's resignation, Dr. Jerry Manoukian was appointed as the interim president. The representatives elected Dr. Manoukian to continue as the new President of AMIC. The next AMWC (12th) was decided to be held in Buenos Aires Argentina. In the evening, in keeping with the glamour of Hollywood, the Congress' Oscar themed Ball featured an elegant dinner dance catered by world famous celebrity chef Wolfgang Puck along with musical entertainment by Cheerz Band, at the Roy Dolby Ballroom, where Oscar Awards are presented. The Ball was a celebration of the culmination of the successful and wonderful four day conference which created a special bond among all of the participants coming from Armenia and the Armenian Diaspora. With great hopes and expectations of meeting in 2 years in Yerevan, Armenia and meeting again in 4 years in Buenos Aires, Argentina, the participants departed. Many Thanks to the organizing committee for the amazing congress with such particularly scheduled scientific program and social events.


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MIDDLE EAST ARMENIANS

Aleppo Christians Fear Iraq-Style Ethnic Cleansing

by Edward Dark ALEPPO, Syria — Aleppo is basically “Little Syria,” a melting pot, representative of the diverse ethnic and religious groups that make up the nation. Christians in Aleppo have tended to live together in close-knit communities in neighborhoods usually clustered around churches. It would be very accurate to describe some areas of Aleppo as “Christian,” although this by no means implies any sort of self- or outside-imposed segregation or discrimination. Residents of other faiths are found, and get along just fine in those areas. It is just that they are predominantly Christian. Unfortunately, by a stroke of peculiarly bad luck, all the Christian neighborhoods are on or near the frontlines in the parts of Aleppo divided between regime and rebel control. They have seen more than their fair share of fighting, “collateral damage” and a long line of civilian casualties. The area of Midan in particular, home to many of Aleppo’s Armenian Christian minority, was a frontline area that saw heavy fighting for many months. It is still the scene of sporadic fighting and shelling today, although a large proportion of its inhabitants have already fled. Some went to Lebanon, others went back to Armenia where they applied for Armenian citizenship and passports, then moved on to settle in Europe or the Arab Gulf — where Syrian passport holders are denied work or residence permits, hence their change of passports. It is particularly sad and ironic to witness today the Armenians, who fled persecution and sought

sanctuary in Aleppo more than a century ago, again being forced to do the same, this time from Aleppo. I doubt very much whether they would have considered doing so under any other circumstances. They have always enjoyed excellent communal relations with the rest of Aleppan society, and were even allowed to set up their own private schools which taught in Armenian — something not allowed for other ethnic groups, most notably the Kurds. The Armenians were guaranteed a place in the Syrian parliament via their own elected representatives. As for Arab Christians — in other frontline places such as Sliemaniyeh, Siryan and Azizieh — the wealthy among them have fled, mostly to Europe or Lebanon, as have most of Aleppo’s wealthy elites. Those who stayed behind have now irrevocably tied their fate with that of the Syrian regime. Not out of love or loyalty or ideology, but out of fear and necessity. As a Christian friend told me the other day about the rebels, “If they don’t take my life, then they will take my way of life,” and it is easy to see what he means if you take a stroll through his area. Christians in Aleppo, while being for the most part conservative, are nonetheless a lot more open and liberal in their social customs, dress code and general attitude than other inhabitants in the city. They have enjoyed a large degree of social and religious freedom under the current regime, and it is a freedom they fear they will soon lose. It is this unique identity and way of life that will most likely be the first victim of a rebel victory. With some rebel groups

being largely made up of extremist Islamists and al-Qaeda affiliates, it is not such a stretch to deduce that Christians in Syria may suffer the same fate as they did in Iraq. That perception was reinforced recently with the kidnapping of prominent activist Jesuit Priest Father Paolo Dall’Oglio in al-Raqqa by al-Qaeda groups, as well as the disappearance of two Orthodox Christian bishops from Aleppo — Yohanna Ibrahim and Boulos Yazigi — more than four months ago, presumed to be held by foreign jihadists. Those reasons are exactly why, out of all the areas in Aleppo, one is most likely to find young Christian men taking up arms and manning checkpoints to defend themselves. This is very evident to anyone traveling through Sliemaniyeh’s checkpoints. The young men there are all locals, some even clad with long hair and tattoos. Sometimes, you see them hanging out with their wives or friends in casual conversation, it is clear that they are regarded heroes by their community. Walking there a couple of weeks ago, my eye caught a sunweathered khaki-clad young man, AK-47 rifle slung across his back. My mind registered a faint flicker of recognition. “George,” I exclaimed, “is that you? You’ve changed, you're a lot thinner and much more tanned!” He recognized me almost immediately, “You haven’t changed a bit! Although you have a lot less hair on your head!” After exchanging pleasantries, I learnt that George — someone I knew in college — had volunteered for a three-month stint with the “political intelligence” regime apparatus, whose massive

The burnt interior of Kevork Church is pictured after clashes between Free Syrian Army fighters and forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, in the Midan area of Aleppo, Oct. 30, 2012. (photo by REUTERS/George Ourfalian)

building ominously overshadows the whole area. “We get a crash training course, and they provide us with weapons and ammunition. And best of all, we’re deployed in or near our neighborhoods. The salary is not so great though,” he mused. “Are you happy doing what you do? Will you extend your contract?” I asked. “No,” he said quite firmly. “I have relatives in Venezuela, I’m getting out of here as soon as I’m done.” His was a typical story, amid all the uncertainty, pressure and fear that he and his community feel, it maybe the wisest option to just cut and run — after all, many tens of thousands have already done so. But it is not just their home turf that they are protecting, many have also volunteered in the Syrian army or the various pro-regime militias, fighting on many frontlines in the city. One such case is the sad story of a young Christian boy named

Salim Nahhas, whose siblings I knew quite well. He was only 19 when he died fighting with the regime against the rebels in the Rashdeen area of Aleppo in July 2013. His family set up a tribute group on Facebook, where heartbreaking messages and photos are posted. But the most remarkable aspect of Nahhas’ story is that most of his family was initially with the uprising and against the regime, some even taking part in protests and later aid work for the displaced. That was before Aleppo was invaded by the rebels in the summer of 2012 and before rebel mortar shells hit Nahhas’ neighborhood, killing some of his friends and neighbors. Since then, many things have changed in Aleppo. (Al Monitor)

A Monument in Cairo Dedicated to the Armenian Massacres Committed by Turks by Essam Kamel, Editor in Chief As soon as the presses rolled and the previous issue of Veto was distributed to the readers, I received tens of phone calls and emails demanding that I take action towards the realization of the Egyptian people's recognition of the Armenian massacres committed by the Turks. There were many suggestions from both readers and intellectuals, some of whom supported the idea of the recognition and others who demanded an immediate & decisive action, at least symbolically, until an agreement would be reached for a method to communicate with international bodies to support the Armenians with their cause.

I will not be exaggerating if I say Europe, which has committed worse crimes against humankind, is not better than we are, but has already erected memorials representing the Turkish atrocities committed against the peaceful Armenian people. Therefore, I am calling for immediate action to erect a monument in one of Cairo's main squares for the Armenian victims whose only crime was demanding a national independence. I will be the first to donate my monthly salary to implement this project immediately, and hopefully other social or civic society organizations concerned with human rights would take over. The idea is simple as we have a number of internationally renowned artists who will

volunteer for this task. We will set an example for all humankind that our people will support this idea because it is noble and civilized, and not only because Armenians have played an important role in Egypt. It is sufficient to mention to our readers that during the liberation of Taba, we relied on maps provided by Egypt's first Foreign Minister Boghos Bey Yusufian, and he is Armenian by origin. And Armenians in Egypt have an honorable history, beginning with contributions in intricate industries, most important of which is jewelry, passing through many important professions, and reaching highest political offices. In fact, many of the Armenians played important roles in our fight for national independence when Egypt was subject to the yoke of occupation.

We will address the importance of the Armenians in Egyptian life in upcoming articles "insha'allah'. Now back to the necessity to support the idea of a monument memorializing the Armenian victims of the massacres perpetrated by the Turks and which claimed the lives of tens of thousands of children, women and the elderly in a systematic mass-annihilation. To create a different social demography, the massacres were committed by the Turkish troops at different intervals of time in history while Europe assisted with its silence. Perhaps the most important characteristic of Egyptian support for this idea is that Egypt was one of the foremost States in support of the Armenians when they were subjected to see page 25

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MIDDLE EAST ARMENIANS

by Nanore Barsoumian

Amid Turmoil, Armenians of Egypt on the Sidelines

As violence peaked in Egypt in recent weeks, and rumors spread about an attack on an Armenian church, the Armenian Weekly contacted members of the Egyptian Armenian community for their interpretation of the events unfolding in the country. For the most part, the community had resented President Mohamed Morsi’s policies—concerned that religious polarization was being encouraged in the country, with Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood, and their Islamist allies on one side, and moderate Muslims, Christians, and liberals on the other. So when tens of millions of Egyptians flooded the streets calling for an end to Morsi’s rule, many Armenians supported the demands of the protesters, some even joined the crowds. In recent days, Armenians stood on the sidelines, witnessing the burning of—mostly Coptic—churches. Armenians still felt safe and, as our sources confirmed, they did not believe their lives or institutions were threatened or targeted, despite a recent incident in Cairo that endangered an Armenian church, and perhaps even lives. “While police were dispersing the violent crowd at [Cairo’s] Ramses Square, some of the protesters hurled stones at the [St. Krikor Lousavorich] Church. As a result, the stained glass at the front of the church was affected minimally. Then, someone threw a Molotov cocktail. The bomb fell in the courtyard of the church, without any casualties or harm to the church,” a community leader* in Cairo told the Weekly. “The Muslim Brotherhood knows very well what they are aiming at. They could have burnt the church earlier while marching to Ramses square. The incident happened later on, when they were dispersing. It wouldn’t be wise to exaggerate incidents we were not the targets of. Their targets are the Copts because they believe they were mainly responsible for toppling Morsi,” added the source. An oral surgeon from Alexandria—Egypt’s second largest city that was once home to a vibrant Armenian community— assured that members of his community were safe. “Some people are being killed, a lot of churches are being burnt, but we, Armenians, are ok,” he said. Armenians are remaining cautious, staying indoors whenever there is a threat of violence on the streets. An Egyptian-Armenian student said his family felt safe, since men in his neighborhood stood guard when mobs approached, despite that hours before the Armenian Weekly contacted him a protest by Morsi supporters outside his apartment building concluded with gunshots in the air.

Churches ablaze

25

On August 14, Morsi supporters targeted Copts and Coptic institutions in the country, setting ablaze at least 50 churches, schools, and businesses, according to the Egyptian Al-Ahram newspaper. They included one of the oldest churches in Egypt, the Virgin Mary Church in Minya that dates back to the fourth century, as well as Greek, Baptist, Catholic, and Evangelical churches. The perpetrators threw Molotov cocktails and firebombs at these establishments. On Aug. 21, Human Rights Watch (HRW) condemned the attacks, and the authorities’ failure to protect minorities. HRW compiled a list of 42 churches that had been attacked, and noted the shooting death of two Copts, and the murder of one Muslim and one Copt— coworkers that had hid in the bathroom of an establishment as a mob set it on fire. Meanwhile in the city of Minya, residents reported that Coptic-owned stores had been marked with a black “X” before being attacked. HRW also condemned the attacks on police officers and stations. Since Aug. 14, 100 police officers have been reportedly killed. HRW also noted two instances where

Wedding at the Boghos Bedros Armenian Apostolic Church in Alexandria in 2008 (Photo by Nanore Barsoumian)

policemen were executed—13 in one case and 15 mutilated in another. However, the organization also criticized the failure of authorities to protect minorities. “For weeks, everyone could see these attacks coming, with Muslim Brotherhood members accusing Coptic Christians of a role in Mohammad Morsi’s ouster, but the authorities did little or nothing to prevent them,” said Joe Stork, acting Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “Now dozens of churches are smoldering ruins, and Christians throughout the country are hiding in their homes, afraid for their very lives.” According to analysts, the attacks against Copts are at a scale that was never seen before. Coptic Orthodox Pope Tawadros II has cancelled sermon for weeks in a row due to the looming threat of violence. In a public plea, Tawadros called on all Egyptians to refrain from violence, “I ask every Egyptian to preserve Egyptian blood and exercise selfrestraint and stop any assault against anyone,” he was quoted by Al-Ahram as saying. Meanwhile, pro-Mosri protesters chanted slogans against Tawadros while attacking three churches, Coptic-owned businesses, two schools, and an orphanage in Minya city, reported HRW. The violence directed at Copts is not an attack against Christians, but against the Egyptian nation, said our Armenian source in Cairo. And thus, Christians and moderate Muslims are united in their struggle against Islamist elements that are supported by the West, he added. Over 30 million Egyptians flooded the streets demanding the resignation of Morsi on June 30. Protesters waved signs that read “Erhal ya Morsi” (Leave Morsi). Some local Armenians joined the protests, in solidarity with neighbors and friends and in fear of the future under Morsi. Our source in Cairo held that the protests and uprisings that led to Morsi’s removal from power were the result of a popular will, “a revolution against a fascist regime that harbored terrorists.” He also rejected the notion that Morsi’s removal amounted to a military coup. In his view, the army—under the command of Defense Minister Gen. AbdelFattah el-Sissi, simply backed the will of the majority of Egyptians—the estimated 30 million protesters that poured onto the streets of Egypt almost two months ago—just as it had done in January 2011, when . Those who called for the resignation of Morsi had much to blame on the new government— including intimidation and threats (even against elected officials), economic hardship, deteriorating security, political failures, and a drop in the standard of living. Morsi came to be viewed as a

Amir Tadros coptic Church in Minya, was set ablaze on August 14. (AFP/Virgnie Nguyen Hoang).

representative of the Muslim Brotherhood, an entity whose interests differed from those of the majority of Egyptians’, and whose agenda seemed cynical and dark, marked by greed for power and control. Among the main grievances of the protesters was Morsi’s move to issue a controversial constitutional declaration in Nov. 2012, concentrating more power in the hands of the President by exempting presidential decrees from judicial review. In addition, religion seemed to increasingly be the order of the day. The new government made it legal for political parties to be formed based on religion. Religious television channels were established that allegedly aired programs that called for violence and attempted to polarize the country based on religion. The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in 1928 by the Islamic scholar Hassan al-Banna. The organization is active in most Arab states. The Brotherhood, which has renounced violence, aims to lead society through the Koran. In recent weeks some in the organization had blamed Copts and “the church” for participating in Morsi’s ouster and

A Monument in Cairo... waves of brutality by the Ottoman Empire. Thousands of Armenians escaping from the Ottoman Sultan's hell were welcomed at Port Said, while the civilized countries blessed the Turkish actions with their silence or according to political equations with the Caliphate nation. This monument should be erected on Salah Salem Street - near Cairo Airport - not only as an important tribute for all travelers to Egypt to see, but also as a meaningful humane message; this monument will also return a favor

threatened “reaction,” while others had urged their followers to refrain from attacking Copts or Coptic establishments, according to HRW.

Armenians in Egypt

Starting in the 11th century, Armenians have brought their contributions to Egyptian history, holding important positions including the role of vizier. Egypt’s first Prime Minister (1878) was an Armenian by the name of Nubar Pasha, who held that post three times during his career. At the turn of the 20th century, Egypt’s wealthy Armenian community helped organize and support the post-genocide communities in the area. However, many Armenians emigrated after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 led by Muhammad Neguib (first President of Egypt) and Gamal Abdel Nasser (second President of Egypt). Once numbered at 50,000, today’s Egyptian-Armenian population is estimated to be between 6,000 and 8,000. Note: Due to safety concerns, we at The Armenian Weekly have refrained from identifying the names of our sources. (Armenian Weekly, with abbreviations). from page 24 to the Armenians for all their civilized contributions in our struggle for independence, in addition to their contributions in the different aspects of life in Egypt. If not at that location, then let us erect it in front of the Turkish Embassy; perhaps that memory will assist the believers, that is if they are true believers! (Veto Gate, Egypt, Aug 27 2013) Translated from Arabic by Katia M. Peltekian


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ARMENIA

Armenian Government Signals Radical Constitutional Reform (RFE/RL)- Armenia’s political leadership is considering embarking on sweeping constitutional reforms which could keep President Serzh Sarkisian in power after he completes his second and final term in 2018, a senior member of the ruling Republican Party (HHK) said on August 27. Davit Harutiunian, who also chairs the Armenian parliament’s committee on legal affairs, said Armenia’s transformation into a parliamentary republic led by a powerful prime minister is one of the options currently discussed by the HHK leadership. “I can say that the decision makers are already of the opinion that the constitution needs to be amended. To what extent? That’s the key question. There are different approaches,” he told RFE/RL in an interview. Harutiunian stressed that he personally believes that the existing constitutional system of checks and balances is “not effective” anymore.” More importantly, he did not rule out the possibility of Sarkisian leading the HHK in the next parliamentary elections and becoming prime minister in case of the radical change of Armenia’s existing system of

governance. “I don’t exclude the discussion of this or any other variant,” the influential lawmaker said. “There are no taboo subjects. Nevertheless, I think that when making decisions each of us will be taking into account possible dangers and negative aspects.” The Armenian constitution, which was adopted in 1995 and amended in 2005, gives sweeping powers to the president of the republic, making him by far the most powerful official in the country. Opposition groups have long been seeking to curtail those powers. Most of them have favored, at least until now, a switch to a parliamentary republic. The constitution bars Sarkisian from seeking a third five-year term in office in 2018. Citing unnamed HHK sources, the Yerevan newspaper “168 Zham” reported late last week that Sarkisian would like to extend his rule beyond that time frame. It claimed that he is even ready to resign as president and become prime minister in 2017, one year before the expiry of his second term. Harutiunian insisted that Sarkisian’s personal interests are not the driving force

President Serzh Sarkisian speaks at a meeting in Yerevan

behind the constitutional reform planned by the authorities. He claimed that they are only keen to neutralize unspecified “dangers” facing the Armenian state. Harutiunian also revealed that the

Gyumri Reconstruction Far From Complete

(RFE/RL)- At least 1,500 families in Armenia’s second largest city of Gyumri still lack adequate housing despite government pledges to complete the protracted reconstruction of the areas devastated by a catastrophic earthquake in 1988. The government launched in 2008 a $250 million program to build more than 4,600 apartments and houses there. Government officials said at the time that virtually all people living in makeshift homes in the earthquakehit regions will be provided with new housing by 2013. Over 2,800 apartments have since been constructed in Gyumri, according to the local municipality. A private construction firm contracted by the government was due to start building another 420 apartments last year. However, the construction has still not begun apparently because of a lack of government funding. The waiting list for free housing also

First Women Admitted To Armenian Military Academy

includes more than a thousand other Gyumri families. With no further construction plans announced by the government so far, they are facing an even more uncertain future. In addition, there are an estimated 200 households that are not on the list despite also huddling in metal shacks that were placed in Gyumri shortly after the 1988 earthquake, which killed 25,000 people and left hundreds of thousands of others homeless. Artyom Davtian, head of the housing department at the Gyumri municipality, said there are still as many as 4,000 such shacks, called by locals “domiks,” remaining in the city. Many of them are abandoned. “The mayor [Samvel Balasanian] has instructed us to clarify the exact number of homeless people,” said Davtian. He said the authorities need to have such information before announcing whether more housing construction should be expected in Gyumri in the coming years.

An Armenian military academy has admitted women as cadets for the first time as part of ongoing reforms of the country’s armed forces. The Armenian Defense Ministry said that five young women have been selected to study in the Marshal Khanperiants Military Aviation Institute that trains pilots for the national air force and officers for air-defense units. The ministry announced in early June that “physically strong” women aged 18 and older will now be allowed to apply to this academy and the Vazgen Sarkisian Military Institute, which prepares officers for ground forces. It said having more female officers stems from reforms designed to bring the Armenian army into greater conformity with NATO standards. “The number of applications wasn’t large because this was the first year [of women’s admission,]” the ministry spokesman, Artsrun Hovannisian, told RFE/RL. “But the most important thing is that the process has started,

Orogen Reports Further Gold Discovery in Armenia British mining company Orogen Gold has confirmed a new gold discovery at its operations in Mutsk, Armenia, following assay results that revealed substantially higher gold grades than previously reported. “These results confirm Mutsk as an exciting new gold discovery at shallow depths within an established epithermal district,” said

CEO Ed Slowey in a statement. “Assays from the Orogen confirmatory holes at Mutsk, as well as re-assays of the previous holes have exceeded our expectations for the project. While further work is needed to fully understand the controls on mineralization, we are particularly encouraged by the high grades and widths encountered in several of the holes and the

president will soon set up a working group tasked with developing a “concept” of the reform. He said it could be headed by Gagik Harutiunian, the chairman of the Constitutional Court.

apparently large strike extent of the system,” he added. “We have informed our Armenian partners that we will now proceed to phase two of our program under which Orogen has an option to earn an 80% interest in the Mutsk project by spending a total of US$2.5 million by the end of August 2016,” Slowey said.

which is a welcome development,” he said. Hovannisian added that unlike the male cadets the five women will not have to spend nights in barracks for the duration of their studies. “They will have to stay in barracks only during field exercises,” he said. According to the Defense Ministry, the total number of female soldiers and officers in the Armenian army stood at over 1,400 as of last November. The vast majority of them hold clerical positions in the ministry, army detachments and other military structures. Still, the number of women performing combat roles appears to have risen in recent years. Hovannisian confirmed the increased presence of female snipers in special army detachments. The Armenian military also revealed recently that one of its senior officers in charge of training paratroopers is a woman. A Defense Ministry program aired by state television showed her overseeing parachute jumps by future army commandos.


ARMENIA

êºäîºØ´ºð 2013 À. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 95

27

As Armenia Walks Tightrope Between Russia And EU, Public Opinion May Be Shifting (RFE/RL)- For nearly a week now, several dozen youth activists have held a nonstop sit-in outside the office of Yerevan's mayor, protesting a rise in public-transit fares and demanding the dismissal of the officials who implemented them. The sit-in comes in the wake of much larger protests against the price rise, which the government says became necessary after Russia sharply increased rates for natural gas. The simmering tensions prompted an unusually prickly comment from Razmik Zohrabian, deputy chairman of the ruling Republican Party, who told RFE/RL that the protesters "are being used to cause trouble in Armenia." Zohrabian added: "Armenia is no superpower, and superpowers can easily stir up internal strife here. It's not just about Russia. A rivalry of civilizations is under way over whether Armenia should go for European integration or Russia's customs union. So the fight of giants is getting some resonance on the ground here." While Armenians have long regarded Russia as their country's main protector, a spate of actions by Moscow in recent weeks has provoked an unprecedented wave of public anger at a moment when Yerevan faces a key geopolitical choice. A Fork In The Road Armenia has been Russia's key strategic ally in the South Caucasus since the collapse of the Soviet Union, to the extent that Yerevan is largely dependent on Moscow economically and in terms of security. Now, however, the government is moving rapidly toward integration with the European Union, and Yerevan could well be on track to initial an Association Agreement and a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the bloc at a summit of Eastern Partnership countries in Vilnius in November. As that potentially momentous occasion approaches, Moscow has been applying concerted pressure on Armenia -- and on Ukraine and Moldova as well, which are both in similar situations -- to change course and instead join the Russia-led Eurasian Customs Union. The European Union has made it clear that a DCFTA is incompatible with membership in the Eurasian Customs Union. On the surface, the government has been

adamant that ties with Russia are strong. The two countries inaugurated a small free-trade zone on July 29 at a Russian-owned electronics plant in Yerevan. At the opening, Prime Minister Tigran Sarkisian emphasized that "Russian-Armenian relations are dynamically developing." Sarkisian likewise took pains during a cabinet meeting on July 25 to praise the Yerevan transit protests as a sign of the country's dynamically developing civil society. "We can see that this is a spontaneous movement of people that has no partisan nature. This movement has a social nature," he said. "It is for social solidarity and against poverty. Understandable motives are guiding the young people who are raising this issue." Not Very Neighborly But beneath the surface there are signs that Moscow may be bungling relations with Yerevan at this crucial moment. In addition to raising natural-gas rates, Russia recently began the very public delivery of what will ultimately be $1 billion in new weaponry to Azerbaijan. The two neighbors fought a war in the early 1990s over the Azerbaijani region of Nagorno-Karabakh, which is populated and controlled by ethnic Armenians. But perhaps the most illustrative example is Russia's handling of the case of Hrachya Harutiunian, an Armenian citizen who was driving a truck in a Moscow suburb on July 13 that smashed into a bus, killing 18 people and injuring more than 30 others. Armenians were outraged when Harutiunian was brought into a Moscow court to face charges wearing a flowered housecoat and slippers. Appearing shocked and humiliated, Harutiunian was unable to address the court during his brief appearance. A Russian state television report broadcast in Armenia ridiculed Harutiunian's "grunting" and accentuated his ethnic origin. That incident brought hundreds of Armenians out to protest in front of the Russian Embassy. "We still remember [how] the antiChechen hysteria was there during the Chechen war in Russia. But even [former Chechen warlord Salman] Raduyev and others who were considered Russia's greatest enemies didn't face that kind of disgusting attitude," says Avetik Ishkhanian, a human rights activist in Yerevan who attended the

protest. "The fact that [Harutiunian] was brought to court in a woman's clothing was clearly a political decision. I don't think that it was a decision by the local police." Armenians' Changing Opinions In response to the anger, Russia issued a statement accusing unspecified individuals of trying to whip up anti-Russian sentiment over the case. Since then, both Russian and Armenian officials have played down the housecoat affair and stressed that Harutiunian is being treated well as his case goes forward. But public opinion in Armenia could be shifting slightly from its historically pro-Russian stance. Emma Gabrielyan, a journalist and blogger for the daily "Aravot," wrote recently that "one gets the impression the Russians are thoughtfully, with their own hands, destroying our belief in the stereotype that 'Russia is the guarantor of Armenia's security.'" "A year ago, no one could have imagined that one day the citizens of Armenia would hold protest actions in front of the Russian Embassy," she added. While Russia has profound leverage in Armenia, Moscow does not always use its advantages effectively, says James Nixey, head of the Russia and Eurasia Program at Chatham House in London. "Russia is not well-known for playing the cards that it holds tremendously well. It could -- were it to have a more enlightened attitude toward the other former Soviet states -- as we know in so many other cases, it could be

so much more attractive than it is. But it tends to slide roughshod over them," Nixey explains. "It tends to not pay them due respect, the kind of respect that Russia itself feels it deserves from Western countries, for example." He believes Yerevan has not yet made a final decision on the choice between deeper relations with the EU or joining Russia's customs union. He notes that the EU agreements entail commitments to political and economic reforms that the government might yet prove unwilling to make. The Eurasian Customs Union, by contrast, comes with no strings attached and, very likely, considerable short-term economic benefits. At the same time, public support in Armenia for EU integration appears to be growing as tangible results emerge on the horizon. And the very atypical wave of public anger toward Russia over the increase in gas prices, the Harutiunian case, and the sale of arms to Azerbaijan could signal a significant shift in the public mood. One that, Nixey says, President Serzh Sarkisian needs to take into account. "These sort of semiauthoritarian states take the temperature of public opinion very seriously and they wouldn't want to move too far beyond it," the analyst says. "And taking too much stick, taking too much punishment from Russia, too much humiliation, I think, would be very unwise for Mr. Sarkisian, politically speaking."

Why the Reelection of Aliyev Is in Armenia’s Best Interest by Harut Sassounian While visiting a youth camp on August 18, President Serzh Sarkisian was asked several questions on domestic and foreign issues. One particular question attracted the most attention due to the President’s unexpected answer. When asked which candidate’s election in Azerbaijan’s upcoming presidential race is in Armenia’s best interest, President Sarkisian surprised everyone by endorsing the reelection of incumbent President Ilham Aliyev. Normally, when politicians are asked for their preferred candidate in a foreign election, they refrain from expressing an opinion or simply state that it’s the choice of that country’s voters. In this case, President Sarkisian did not shy away from expressing his clear preference and provided the following explanation as to why President Aliyev’s reelection in October for a third term is in Armenia’s interest: “For Armenia, and not only for Armenia, neighbors that are on the democratic path of development are more beneficial. Hence, the conclusion that as a neighbor, and particularly as a negotiating partner, a democratic Azerbaijan is definitely more beneficial to us.

But, if we set aside this consideration, the answer to the question is: The victory of incumbent President Ilham Aliyev would be most beneficial for us. We have gone through a long, albeit difficult, negotiating process and the path for a resolution is practically outlined, at least through public acceptance of the principles proposed by the Co-Chairs of the Minsk Group. We have been actively negotiating for the last four years. Certainly, I wouldn’t say that the negotiating process is very active right now; nevertheless, we have made some progress, and if, after the election, Ilham Aliyev could muster the will and rise above his impetuous Armenophobia, I think this is the most acceptable and beneficial option for us.” President Sarkisian’s statement was promptly criticized both at home and, not surprisingly, in Azerbaijan. Opposition leaders in Yerevan were appalled that Armenia’s president would favor the reelection of President Aliyev who has repeatedly threatened to attack Karabakh (Artsakh). They wondered how the authoritarian and warmongering president of Azerbaijan could be beneficial to Armenia. Azeri leaders were also unhappy with President Sarkisian’s endorsement. Novruz Mammadov, Senior

Advisor to President Aliyev on Foreign Affairs, harshly condemned Armenia’s president for claiming that Aliyev’s reelection would be in Armenia’s best interest. In addition, Mammadov criticized Azerbaijan’s opposition parties for exploiting Sarkisian’s endorsement in their “dirty campaign” against Aliyev. Mammadov concluded by boasting that Azerbaijan’s president does not need Sarkisian’s support, because Aliyev enjoys the backing of such prominent world leaders as US President Barack Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin. While Sarkisian conditioned his support for Aliyev on the merits of continued progress in the Artsakh negotiations, one can think of additional reasons why Aliyev’s reelection is in Armenia’s best interest: – President Aliyev is a vulnerable leader who is universally condemned for being autocratic, corrupt and a major violator of human rights. – Aliyev has wasted huge amounts of his country’s oil wealth in enriching himself, his family, and cronies. – He has spent billions of dollars buying weapons that have not helped him recover a single inch of Artsakh territory. – The reelection of an inept Aliyev is a

liability for Azerbaijan and an asset for Armenia. If he loses the presidency, his replacement could be a more effective leader who can pose a clear danger to the security of Armenia and Artsakh. – Sarkisian’s endorsement of Aliyev diminishes his credibility in the eyes of the Azeri people who would wonder why the leader of Armenia, demonized as the enemy of Azerbaijan, is supporting their president. Indeed, conspiracy theorists must be having a field day in Azerbaijan! Since Aliyev’s reelection to a third term is a foregone conclusion due to the country’s traditionally fraudulent electoral system, President Sarkisian’s preference for Aliyev may not lead to his defeat, but would certainly cast a cloud of suspicion on his already tarnished reputation. Finally, in international relations, it is important to have a predictable counterpart, whether friend or foe. President Aliyev’s behavior toward Armenia and Artsakh has been thus far quite predictable. Giorgi Lomsadze, writing in EurasiaNet.org, has accurately depicted President Sarkisian’s endorsement of Aliyev as: “Better the devil you know than the devil you don’t.”


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ARMENIA

Western Style Banking in Armenia

by Victoria Araratian

(PanArmenian)—Armenia is moving forward with its western style banking system – the use of debit/credit cards now being very much in style. Presently, all commercial banks in Armenia offer various types of plastic cards yet the quality of service varies. The customers do get tempting offers. Many banks manage to attract new clients, yet very few are able to maintain the relationship by meeting their needs with affordable pricing. Hrachya Malkhasyan, the Head of Ameriabank’s Regional Branches, in this interview shares his professional insight on clients’ needs and some of the ways that banks succeed or fail to support them. PanArmenian: Currently, all commercial banks in Armenia offer various plastic cards. How do you meet the competition in this market? Hrachya Malkhasyan: The competition in this field isn’t just tough – we are seeing “price wars.” Ameriabank follows its course, trying to avoid these wars as they seem to be ineffective in attracting clients. We eye the business through the prism of each client’s needs and thereby build communication channels and product line. First, we value quickness and quality of service, as well as profitable lending conditions. We also try to develop infrastructure, specifically by increasing the number of ATMs and POS terminals. Here, a unique role is given to the bank’s image and the brand, which helps attract clients without being dragged into the so-called price struggle. Special attention is paid to bolstering security to rule out any possibility of leaks, a condition highly appreciated by the clients. I would like to emphasize that Ameriabank highlights quality, starting with the presentation of an application and through the entire service process. Also, Ameriabank card holders now profit from a special deal Ameriabank has with more than 250 sales outlets. With their Ameriabank cards our clients are able to get a 50%

discount in all of the 250 sales outlets that Ameria has partnered with. PA: What does Ameriabank do to make credit and debit cards more available for the population? HM: Ameriabank is one of the leaders in Armenia’s banking system in terms of its ATMs and POS terminals. Now our customers have access to 90 ATMs across the country – 68 in Yerevan and 22 ATMs conveniently located outside the capital. We work with many tourists from the Diaspora. We want to make sure they have western style banking support when they visit our historic sites, be it Dilijan, Tatev or Tsaghkadzor. They can easily have access to an ATM when needed at these sites. When in Yerevan, we welcome our customers to one of our six branches in the capital. In addition, we have three branches in the regions. Ameriabank also has an established branch in Stepanakert, Artsakh. PA: Western style banking also suggests the use of apps on smart phones. Is Ameriabank there yet? HM: I would like to note that Ameriabank is the first Armenian bank to have an application available via the Apple Store. Once you download the Ameriabank app, you are immediately connected to currency exchange rates, news, and the locations of the bank’s branches and ATMs. The Ameriabank app also has an interactive map. AP: With cashless payments gaining popularity in Armenia,

Moody°s Upgrades Armenia Outlook (Wall Street Journal)—Moody’s Investors Service has raised its outlook on Armenia’s junk-level ratings, touting the nation’s deficitreduction efforts and continued access to external funding sources on favorable terms. The ratings firm’s outlook on Armenia is now stable, and the nation’s rating was affirmed at Ba2, which is two levels into junk. Moody’s touted the nation’s commitment to fiscal consolidation, as reflected in the reduction of its deficit to 1.5 percent in 2012 from 7.5 percent in 2009. Moody’s expects Armenia’s fiscal deficit will remain low this year and in 2014, reflecting the costs of pension-reform implementation starting in 2014 and some resumption in capital expenditures. Moody’s did express some

concern about the nation’s ability to absorb external shocks, which has weakened amid its economic and financial exposure to Russia, which is experiencing an economic slowdown. Other concerns include natural gas and energy tariff increases that were implemented in July and large official loan repayments due the next two years. Armenia could be assigned a positive outlook and an eventual upgrade if the structural reforms the government implemented propel the economy towards more balanced growth and with a significant reduction in the current account deficit. Negative rating pressure could occur if the economic slowdown in Russia is sustained or if adverse export minerals prices were to persist.

Surge In Food Exports Eases Armenian Trade Deficit Armenia’s huge trade deficit eased in the first half of this year owing to a significant rise in exports of agricultural products and prepared foodstuffs mostly going to Russia, according to government data. A 2 percent drop in Armenian imports totaling $1.97 billion was another factor behind the country’s improved trade balance. The imports continued to dwarf exports even though the latter went up by 10 percent to almost $700 million in this period. The data released by the National Statistical Service (NSS) shows modest gains in revenue from Armenia’s main export items: copper and other nonferrous metals as well as ore concentrates. Their exports rose by roughly 4 percent to $370 million. By comparison, exports of prepared foodstuffs were up by as much as 22.6 percent, at $132.4 million, while those of fruits, vegetables and livestock doubled to around $44 million. Russia has long been the principal market for these products. Accordingly, the NSS reported a 19 percent surge in first-half Armenian exports to Russia which stood at $143.5 million. By contrast, imports from Russia

Armenia Introduces Online Tax Collection (RFE/RL)- The owners of small and medium-sized businesses operating in Armenia can now pay their taxes electronically using the Internet, the Finance Ministry announced recently as part of ongoing reforms of tax administration. “Taxpayers will now be able to pay taxes without interrupting their work, through MasterCard and [internal Armenian] ArCa cards,” a senior ministry official, Zhirayr Titizian, told journalists. Titizian explained that electronic payments will have to be made to the e-payments.am website which was launched by the Armenian government in April last year. According to the Finance Ministry, at least 12,000 people used the website in the first half of this year, sharply up from more than 2,000 such payments carried out in AprilDecember 2012. Titizian said the vast majority of users were car owners fined by the traffic police. The introduction of the new taxation mechanism is part of broader government efforts to make tax collection in Armenia less arbitrary and at the same time boost budgetary

what results did the bank achieve for card transactions for the first half of 2013? HM: In the second quarter of 2013, we have witnessed 8% growth for card use versus the first quarter. In total we have released 42,000 cards. With the new app, increased ATMs, guaranteed quality of service, and visits by Diaspora Armenians, we are looking at 50% growth in cards for the rest of the year. PA: What are some of the new programs and services that the bank offers or will offer to its card holders? HM: Now our customers can have both debit and credit cards with advantageous interest rates versus single-type cards. Also the service fees for credit and debit cards have been considerably reduced, and we offer an overdraft protection service. In the mid-term we’re planning to develop loyalty programs that will give additional incentives to our clients for using Ameriabank’s services. Despite the challenges and severe competition in the market of bank cards, Ameriabank is stepping up to develop the plastic card culture among the Armenian population, offering new approaches and secure terms of use. is a leading universal and retail bank with 68 ATMs in Yerevan and 22 ATMs outside the capital of Armenia. The bank has branches in Yerevan, provincial regions, and Stepanakert, Artsakh. Ameriabank, a member company of Ameria Group, is a winner of multiple global financial awards. It is the only financial institution in the South Caucasus to be recognized as a Global Growth Champion at the DAVOS World Economic Forum for its exceptional growth and expertise. With more than 500 employees, $600 million in assets, and branches across the country, Ameria is performing the most aggressive development in Armenia’s financial and advisory market.

revenues. International lending institutions have long been pressing the authorities in Yerevan to improve tax administration and the country’s overall business environment. Improved tax collection has been a key declared priority of Prime Minister Tigran Sarkisian’s cabinet. The introduction in January 2011 of electronic filing by businesses of financial reports to tax authorities is one of the reforms implemented by it in recent years. The electronic statements became mandatory this year. The government says that minimizing physical contact between tax officials and businesspeople is reducing “corruption risks” in tax collection. Titizian insisted that the online tax payments will serve the same purpose. “I think that corruption risks can decrease with the introduction of this system,” he said. But Ara Galoyan, an economic analyst, sounded a note of caution. “The electronic system alone won’t root out corruption,” he said, adding that its introduction should also be accompanied by a greater civic oversight of tax collection.

fell by 7.6 percent year on year to $453.4 million. Decreased consumption of natural gas in Armenia appears to have been instrumental in this drop. Russia remained Armenia’s single largest trading partner with a more than 22 percent share in the South Caucasus state’s external turnover, followed by China (7.4 percent) and Germany (6 percent). Overall trade with Germany and other EU member states accounted for just over 29 percent of Armenia’s external commerce in January-June. But it shrunk slightly in absolute terms, according to the NSS. Commercial ties between Armenia and the EU should receive a major boost with the planned creation by the two sides of a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA). Citing an independent study commissioned by the EU, the European Commission said late last month that the DCFTA’s impact will be “significant.” “The forecast 15.2% increase in Armenian exports and 8.2% increase in its imports in the long run will lead improve Armenia’s trade balance in relative terms,” the commission said in a statement.

Armenian Tax Revenue Soars In 2013 The government reported a more than 21 percent surge in its tax revenues in the first half of this year, putting it on track to further strengthen Armenia’s fiscal position. The Armenian Finance Ministry said the State Revenue Committee (SRC) collected almost 480 billion drams ($1.2 billion) in various taxes in this period. Ministry data shows that increased proceeds from valueadded tax, mostly levied from imported goods, and customs duties accounted for most of this gain. Armenia’s first-half imports fell by around 2 percent, suggesting that improved customs administration was the main factor behind the higher tax revenue. The revenue increase also translated into a budget surplus of 47.2 billion drams. This is due in part to the fact that the government carried out only 91 percent of budgetary expenditures planned for JanuaryJune. Armenia’s 2013 state budget commits the government to cutting the budget deficit

to a level equivalent to less than 3 percent of Gross Domestic Product. The rising tax revenue puts the government on course to meet this target. It will also give more credence to government claims that tax collection in the country has been steadily improving. President Serzh Sarkisian emphasized that improvement last month, while cautioning that there is still “serious work” that remains to be done by tax authorities. He said his government remains committed to completing “large-scale” tax reforms. Tax collection in Armenia has long been arbitrary and at the same time insufficient as evidenced by a low ratio of tax revenues to GDP. Local entrepreneurs still accuse the SRC of harassing them to meet its budgetary targets at any cost. Western lending institutions have been pressing Yerevan to improve tax administration and the overall business environment, saying that is vital for Armenia’s sustainable economic development.


WESTERN ARMENIA

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Houshamadyan: Recreating Armenian Life in the Ottoman Empire Interview with Vahe Tachjian Historian Vahé Tachjian is the project director and chief editor of www.houshamadyan.org, which was created in 2011 by the Berlin-based Houshamadyan not-for-profit Association, founded in 2010. The website aims is to reconstruct the daily life of the OttomanArmenian and his social environment in all its facets. Articles and various materials about the Harput (Kharpert), Palu, and Marash regions have already appeared on the website’s pages. New articles and materials about many other Armenianpopulated areas are in preparation. Armenian Weekly Editor Khatchig Mouradian recently conducted an interview with Tachjian via e-mail, about the Houshamadyan project. Khatchig Mouradian—Town and village histories and memory books written by Ottoman-Armenians have long been forgotten by Armenians—except for a small group of history buffs and scholars. In Turkey, they were never part of the discourse and were not incorporated into the historiography. Houshamadyan challenges this status quo. Tell us about the inception of this project and its mission. Vahe Tachjian—Yes, the histories have been both forgotten and ignored, but for different reasons. It is simply distracting for Turkish official historiography to value Armenian books that, through local history, local culture, local customs, and local characteristics, turn the Ottoman-Armenian into an inseparable part of the Ottoman legacy (although the Armenian authors of these books did not write the histories of their villages, towns, or regions with that aim in mind). In any event, when we use these books as primary sources, it is obvious how much can be learned through them, especially about 19th- and early 20thcentury Ottoman social and economic history. Turkish official historiography ignores Armenian books of this genre, simply because its policy is based on a denial that has, over many decades, seen the names of formerly Armenian-populated towns changed, and Armenian community structures destroyed. Attempts were made—and continue to be made—to obliterate every trace of Armenians in formerly Armenian-populated areas. These books are the proof of a rich and abundant Armenian heritage in the region. The question is different when seen from the Armenian historiography point of view. For a very long time the focal point of Armenian historiography was the Armenian Genocide. Everything revolved around this date—even the pre-1915 history of Ottoman-Armenians. Thus there is a leaning towards choosing the catastrophic dates in that history, such as 1895-96, the years of the anti-Armenian massacres, or 1909, the date of the Adana massacre. There is also a tendency diametrically opposed to this, which is limited to the heroic acts performed by OttomanArmenians, to the revaluing of rebellions against the Ottoman government, and making them the subjects of study. Against this, the Armenian books written about towns and villages present the social life of Ottoman Armenians, local micro-history such as their daily lives and the socio-economic environment that was immediately related to the general Ottoman social context and that, I think, in the final analysis, are important keys to understanding all the other events. At the same time, we must approach books of this genre carefully. They are often works written by people who were not specialists. They were written by a generation that survived the genocide, and the spirit and concepts of those times are very much evident in them. They are often emotional, and an important part of their text has to be put through a sort of scientific filter before using them. Thus they

A wedding photograph, 1912: Catherine Kalderdjian and Levon Attar Megerian (Levon Remzi) (Source: Hourig Attarian collection).

may be used more as primary sources; it may not be very wise to re-publish them in Armenian and present them to the reading public without critical editions first being prepared. These kinds of re-publications are not only meaningless, but also a waste of money. In the plan that Houshamadyan has adopted, we attempt to put the rich information found in these books into a general Ottoman context, preparing scientific articles based on it (in Armenian and English), and thus making it available to all. K.M.—How does Houshamadyan operate? How is its content selected and organized? V.T.—Houshamadyan has, at present, one full-time researcher: me. I write articles, edit others, take part in the search for pictures and photographs that illustrate our website pages, and assist in the preparation of maps, etc. Houshamadyan has a designer, Silvina Der-Megerditchian, who is responsible for the layout of the pages and the website’s visual content. We also have writers, who provide articles in return for honorariums. The articles are usually written in Armenian and translated into English. All the articles are first read by two people belonging to the editorial board; it is then decided whether they are worthy of being included in the website, or if they should be amended, or simply refused. The subjects of our articles are related to multiple themes and cover a wide geographical area. Thus our plan has in view all the provinces of the Ottoman Empire where Armenian community life existed until the beginning of the 20th century. In other words, we have not restricted ourselves to just the area of historic Armenia, but have encompassed places that are far to the west, such as Konya, Bardizag, Yozgat, and even places in the Ottoman-Arab provinces, such as Jerusalem, Baghdad, and Aleppo. So, if our sources allow, it is our plan to reflect the villagers’ daily life, the social and economic history in all these areas until 1915. We don’t have a special way of choosing subjects or places. We leave that to the preferences of our article writers. K.M.—Who is Houshamadyan’s target audience? V.T.—When over a year ago we began the Houshamadyan project, it was our aim to create a trilingual website—in English, Armenian, and Turkish. At present we only

Hussenig. Furniture makers (marangoz) in their workshop. Center, standing, Garabed Nadjarian (Source: Aharonian, op. cit.)

have the Armenian and English versions. It may be said that the articles are aimed at the Turkish and Armenian public. On the one hand, without provocations and by retaining a scientific style, we are attempting to reflect on a vast, rich, and abundant life—that of the Ottoman-Armenians. Without including the genocide phase in our plan, we aim to show the many colorful aspects of this rich life, and attempt to revitalize various different microcosms in villages and towns. We are convinced that the more emphasis is placed on their life, ways of living, on local histories, the more we will show how great the absence is of all that, the emptiness—demographic and cultural—that is still noticeable, especially in eastern Anatolia. What’s lacking, of course, is the Ottoman-Armenian, who is present on our website with his culture, customs, trades, personal histories, photographs, etc. The reason for the absence is 1915, with all of its atrocity. On the other hand, we are trying, on our website, to present the Ottoman-Armenian in the most authentic way possible. It becomes obvious how close this same Armenian is, in terms of culture, customs, and traditions, to the “Other,” in other words to his Turkish, Kurdish, Arab, Greek, or Assyrian neighbor. But this resemblance is often forgotten by Armenians. The emphasis is often placed on the differences. The reason is simple: Armenian identity is, in many respects, one that has been reconstructed after the genocide. Much of the rich Ottoman legacy and characteristics that were, in the years following the genocide, considered to be Turkish-Ottoman, and therefore unacceptable in the Armenian’s “new,” reconstructed identity, have been thrown away. We are therefore convinced that for both today’s Armenians and the inhabitants of Turkey, the contents of our website will contain many new insights. K.M.—What material do you seek to acquire for the website? How can readers contribute material and content? V.T.—First, of course, is the work we carry out, what we do to bring together the hundreds of written Armenian sources about these villages and towns. They are, very often, rare books that are very difficult to obtain. We therefore often work on digitized versions of them. Collecting photographs is also a major task. Fortunately, we have friends who have

large collections of Ottoman-Armenian photographs and, at the same time, believe in the importance of our work and have opened their rich collections to us. We also turn to those around us, asking them if they have any old family archives. We do the same every time we visit other countries. The marvelous thing is that visitors to our website take part in this kind of activity; Houshamadyan has become a structure that is being built collectively. We often receive digitized photographs, especially from the United States, as well as sound recorded testimony, songs, films, and books. We feel that our readers are gradually giving more importance to our work, especially when people, who are totally unknown to us, send materials to our address and make small donations through PayPal. It is this kind of collaboration and assistance that inspires us. It is they who infuse enthusiasm in our tiring and breathless work. K.M.—If you were to describe the Houshamadyan website as you would like to see it, say, in five years, what would it look like in terms of its content and scope? V.T.—We hope that by then, through all the articles on the website, we will have studied an important percentage of the Armenianpopulated areas in this vast geographical area. Then we will be the owners of a huge wealth of information. Once we have succeeded in achieving this, it will be possible, using these materials, to create publications. For example, it might be possible, taking only crafts as the subject, to publish a book in which the crafts carried on in different Armenian-populated areas are shown with all their individual characteristics. Many examples like this could be cited. We are also thinking of holding exhibitions in the future using our materials. And hope that by then we will have succeeded in creating Podcasts using our materials. We find their presence important in terms of providing our website with extra vitality. We also hope that by then, we will have attracted new donors, allowing us to speed up the rhythm of our development. And finally, we are hopeful that we will succeed in having a version of our website in Turkish, something that has always been one of our priorities, but that for financial reasons we have not yet been able to realize.

The Houshamadyan website uses various multi-media tools, such as musical recordings of historic value, oral history recordings, old photographs, pictures, old film footage, and maps. For this reason a part of our work is collecting and preserving cultural artifacts of all kinds produced by the Ottoman Armenians.Readers can help in reconstructing this rich legacy by sending Houshamadyan various materials, including: - old or family photographs from the Ottoman period; - books about Armenian-populated villages or towns;

- sound recordings of music; - testimonies (either written, audio, or video)


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êºäîºØ´ºð 2013 À. î²ðÆ, ÂÆô 95

31

ʳÕáÕÇ ÎáõïÇ ºõ ¶áÕïÏáõñÇ (Borage) ú·áõïÝ»ñÁ ø³ñɳ º³ñïÁÙ»³Ý

ʳÕáÕÁ Çñ Ïáõïáí ëå³é»ÉÁ û·ï³Ï³ñ ¿ ³éáÕç³å³Ñ³Ï³Ý ϳñ· ÙÁ ѳñó»ñáõ µáõÅÙ³Ý Ñ³Ù³ñ, áñáÝó »ÝÃ³Ï³Û »Ý ß³ï»ñ, Ù³ëݳõáñ³µ³ñ` ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÇ ù³Ý³ÏÇ µ³ñÓñ³óÙ³Ý »õ ëñï³ÝûóÛÇÝ Ñ³ñó»ñáõ: ¶ÇïݳϳÝÝ»ñÁ »õ µÅÇßÏÝ»ñÁ Çñ»Ýó áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ ϳï³ñ»Ý ³Õ³Éáí ˳ÕáÕÇ Ïáõï»ñÁ »õ ½³ÛÝ Çµñ»õ µáõÅÇã ¹»Õ ï³Éáí ÑÇõ³Ý¹Ý»ñáõÝ: ²Ûë áõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ ³ñ¹ÇõÝùÁ ٻͳå¿ë ³½¹»óÇÏ »Õ³Í¿: ÐÇÝ ¹³ñ»ñ¿Ý Ç í»ñ ˳ÕáÕÇ ÏáõïÇ ï»ë³ÏÝ»ñÁ Ï°û·ï³·áñÍáõÇÝ Çµñ»õ µáõÅÇã ¹»Õ ½³Ý³½³Ý ³éáÕç³å³Ñ³Ï³Ý ѳñó»ñáõ` ³ãùÇ, »ñÇϳÙÝ»ñáõ »õ É»³ñ¹Ç µáñµáùáõÙÝ»ñáõ, ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÇ ù³Ý³ÏÇ µ³ñÓñ³óÙ³Ý »õ ³ÛÉÝ: øë³Ý»ñáñ¹ ¹³ñáõ ëÏǽµ¿Ý ˳ÕáÕÁ ѳÝñ³Í³Ýûà ¹³ñÓ³õ Çñ µáõÅÇã ¹»ñáí` ½³Ý³½³Ý ³éáÕç³å³Ñ³Ï³Ý ѳñó»ñáõ, Ù³ëݳõáñ³µ³ñ ù³ÕóÏ»ÕÇ Ï³Ý˳ñ·ÇÉÙ³Ý Ù¿ç: ʳÕáÕÇ ÏáõïÁ ÏÁ å³ñáõݳϿ µ³ñÓñ ù³Ý³Ïáõû³Ùµ ѳϳݻËÇã ï³ññ»ñ, áñáÝù Ï°û·Ý»Ý å³Ûù³ñ»Éáõ ½³Ý³½³Ý ÑÇõ³Ý¹áõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ ¹¿Ù, Ù³ëݳõáñ³µ³ñ` ëñï³ÝûóÛÇÝ ÑÇõ³Ý¹áõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõ: ²ÝÇϳ ϯ³ñ·ÇÉ¿ ëñïÇ »ñ³ÏÝ»ñáõ ϳñÍñ³óáõÙÁ »õ ËóáõÙÁ: ʳÕáÕÇ ÏáõïÁ ÏÁ å³ßïå³Ý¿ µçÇçÝ»ñÁ ѳϳݻËáõÙ¿ »õ íݳëáõ³Íù¿: ƱÝã óáÛó Ïáõ ï³Ý Ýáñ áõëáõÙ-

ݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñÁ: àõëáõÙݳëÇñáõÃÇõÝ ÙÁ ϳï³ñáõ»ó³õ »ñÏáõ ËáõÙµÇ Ù³ñ¹áó íñ³Û, áñáÝù µáÉáñÝ ³É ÏÁ ï³é³å¿ÇÝ ³éáÕç³å³Ñ³Ï³Ý ѳñó»ñ¿, ÇÝãå¿ë` ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÇ µ³ñÓñ³óáõÙ, ³ñ»³Ý ·»ñ×ÝßáõÙ, ·ÇñáõÃÇõÝ »õ ³ÛÉÝ: ²é³çÇÝ ËáõÙµÇÝ, ãáñë ß³µ³ÃÝ»ñáõ ÁÝóóùÇÝ ïñáõ»ó³õ 150-300 ÙÇÉÉÇÏñ³Ù ù³Ý³Ïáõû³Ùµ ˳ÕáÕÇ Ïáõï»ñ¿ å³ïñ³ëïáõ³Í áõï»ÉÇù: ºñÏñáñ¹ ËáõÙµÇÝ áãÇÝã ïñáõ»ó³õ: âáñë ß³µ³Ã í»ñç Ç Û³Ûï »Ï³õ, áñ ³é³çÇÝ ËáõÙµÇÝ å³ïϳÝáÕ ³ÝѳïÝ»ñáõ ³ñ»³Ý ùáÉ»ëûñáÉÇ ù³Ý³ÏÁ Ýáõ³½³Í ¿, áñ Çñ ϳñ·ÇÝ ÏÁ ϳÝ˳ñ·ÇÉ¿ ݳ»õ ëñï³ÝûóÛÇÝ Ñ³ñó»ñÁ: ʳÕáÕÁ û·ï³Ï³ñ ¿ ³éáÕçáõû³Ý »õ ÏÁ å³ñáõݳϿ ½³Ý³½³Ý ï»ë³ÏÇ ëÝݹ³Ï³Ý ï³ññ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë Ï»Ýë³ÝÇõûñ` C. »õ B Complex, ݳ»õ ѳÝù³ÛÇÝ ³Õ»ñ ÇÝãå¿ë` ù³ÉëÇáÙ, åÕÇÝÓ, »áï, »ñϳÃ, ýáëýáñ »õ ÷áóëÇáÙ: ¶Çï³Ïó»Éáí ˳ÕáÕÇ áõ ³Ýáñ ÏáõïÇ û·ï³Ï³ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñáõÝ, å¿ïù ¿ ½³ÛÝ ÉÙ³Ý ëå³é»É, áñå¿ë½Ç ³é³õ»É³å¿ë û·ïáõÇù ³Ýáñ µ³ñÇùÝ»ñ¿Ý:

¶áÕïÏáõñÁ (Borage) ¶áÕïÏáõñÁ ϳåáÛï-Ù³ÝÇ߳ϳ·áÛÝ Í³ÕÇÏÝ»ñ å³ñáõݳÏáÕ µáÛë ÙÁÝ ¿: ²Ûë µáÛëÁ ѳÝñ³Í³Ýûà ¹³ñÓ³õ ØÇçÇÝ ²ñ»õ»ÉùÇ Ù¿ç: ²Ýáñ ë»ñÙ³ÝáõÙÁ ï³ñ³Íáõ»ó³õ ºõñáå³ÛÇ Ù¿ç ÑéáÙ¿³óÇÝ»ñáõ ÙÇçáóáí: ¶áÕïÏáõñÇ ï»ñ»õÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ å³ñáõÝ³Ï»Ý Ù³ÍÝÇïÇ ï»ë³Ï ÙÁ, áñ Ï°û·ï³·áñÍáõÇ Ù³ñëáÕáõû³Ý, Û³ïϳå¿ë åݹáõû³Ý µáõÅÙ³Ý Ù¿ç: ²ÝÇϳ ݳ»õ ßÝã³é³Ï³Ý ·áñͳñ³ÝÝ»ñáõ ѳñó»ñáõ` ѳ½Ç áõ µáñµáùáõÙÇ µáõÅÙ³Ý Ñ³Ù³ñ û·ï³Ï³ñ ¿: ²Ý ÏÁ å³ßïå³Ý¿ É»³ñ¹ÇÝ ³éáÕçáõÃÇõÝÁ, Ï°û·Ý¿ ³ñ»³Ý ѳϳݻËÙ³Ý »õ ÏÁ µáõÅ¿ Ù³ßϳÛÇÝ Ï³ñ· ÙÁ ѳñó»ñ: ´ÅÇßÏÝ»ñ¿Ý áÙ³Ýù ³Ûë µáÛëÁ Ï°û·ï³·áñÍ»Ý µáõÅ»Éáõ çÕ³ÛÇÝ ¹ñáõû³Ý Ñ»ï ³éÝãáõ³Í ϳñ· ÙÁ ÑÇõ³Ý¹áõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ, ÇÝãå¿ë ݳ»õ ç»ñÙ³ëïÇ׳ÝÇ µ³ñÓñ³óáõÙÁ: ¶áÕïÏáõñÁ, ÇÝãå¿ë ï»ë³Ýù, ³-

éáÕç³å³Ñ³Ï³Ý ½³Ý³½³Ý û·áõïÝ»ñ áõÝÇ: γñ»ÉÇ ¿ ½³ÛÝ û·ï³·áñÍ»É ½³Ý³½³Ý Ó»õ»ñáí: γñ»ÉÇ ¿ ³Ýáñ ï»ñ»õÝ»ñÝ áõ ͳÕÇÏÝ»ñÁ ³õ»ÉóÝ»É ³Õó³ÝÇ Ù¿ç, Ù³ëݳõáñ³µ³ñ` ¹³÷ÝÇÇ ³Õó³ÝÇ Ù¿ç: ¶áÕïÏáõñÁ ϳñ»ÉÇ ¿ »÷»É ݳ»õ ·áÕïÏáõñÁ ëå³Ý³ËÇÝ Ñ»ï, Ùûï 2-3 í³ÛñÏ»³Ý »õ Ññ³ÙóÝ»É Ñ³õáõ ϳ٠ÙÇëÇ ÏáÕùÇÝ: γñ»ÉÇ ¿ Ù³Ýñ»É ½³ÛÝ »õ ³õ»ÉóÝ»É ï³ù ϳ٠å³Õ óó³ÝÝ»ñáõ íñ³Û: γñ»ÉÇ ¿ ݳ»õ ½³ÛÝ ëå³é»É ǵñ»õ ï³ù Ñ»ÕáõÏ:


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Hovig Sarkissian (647-890-0762)

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Design & Graphics: Ara Ter Haroutunian


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TorontoHye Newspaper Vol8 #95 September 2013