MAY 7, 2015 / THE SOURCE WEEKLY / 1
COCC’s Golden Anniversary Looking toward the next 50 years
Spending the Tourism Fund
VOLUME 19 • ISSUE 19 • May 7, 2015 •
Our Mom’s Day Card
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MAY 7, 2015 / THE SOURCE WEEKLY / 3
THIS WEEK EDITOR ASSOCIATE EDITOR
Phil Busse Erin Rook
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Hayley Murphy COPY EDITOR Lisa Seales FILM & THEATER CRITIC Jared Rasic ARTS CORRESPONDENT Kelsey Rook BEER REVIEWER Kevin Gifford LITERARY CONNOISSEUR Christine Hinrichs INTREPID EXPLORER Corbin Gentzler COLUMNISTS Taylor Thompson, Amy Alkon, Rob Brezsney, Wm.™ Steven Humphrey, Roland Sweet FREELANCERS Ethan Maffey, JP Schlick, Erik Henriksen, Matt Jones, EJ Pettinger, Pearl Stark, Josh Gross, Delano Lavigne, Eric Skelton, Marjorie Skinner PRODUCTION MANAGER Jessie Czopek GRAPHIC DESIGNER Esther Gray ADVERTISING SALES DIRECTOR Amanda Klingman ACCOUNT EXECUTIVES Ban Tat, Chris Larro, Kimberly Morse OFFICE/ACCOUNTS MANAGER Kayja Buhmann CIRCULATION MANAGER Kayja Buhmann CONTROLLER Angela Switzer PUBLISHER Aaron Switzer WILD CARD Paul Butler NATIONAL ADVERTISING Alternative Weekly Network 916-551-1770 Sales Deadline: 5 pm Mondays Editorial Deadline: 5 pm Mondays Calendar Deadline: 12 pm Fridays Classified Deadline: 4 pm Mondays Deadlines may shift for special/holiday issues.
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s the population in Central Oregon continues a steady march upward and with visual reminders all over Bend—like the housing developments popping up along the southern reaches of town—there has been a certain amount of chatter over whether growth is good. Part of that discussion is, of course, that growth brings change and competition—competition for parking space downtown, competition for space in roundabouts, and competition for a table at your favorite restaurant. On the institutional level, it is also bringing the possibility of competition for Central Oregon Community College (COCC), which will face increased competition from the OSU-Cascades four-year campus. In this week’s issue, Erin Rook looks at COCC’s golden anniversary at its current location—and, in doing so, gives some insights into what the next five years, let alone the next 25, could mean for COCC. With the increased crowdedness in Bend, our jobs here at the newspaper become both more difficult and more interesting. On Wednesday mornings, for example, our editorial team sits down and picks its 10 “Picks” for your week (page 13)—a job that has become increasingly difficult. Like, this week, we had more than a dozen bands to slot into four remaining spots. And it is not even yet the busy summer season, with near-nightly outdoor concerts. But before I sound off like a grumpy old man (my 46th birthday is next week, after all), I remind myself that in the 1940s, downtown Bend boasted four different venues, and the Tower was a relative newcomer. Nah, busy isn’t bad, and the newcomer may someday be the old-timer. Roll with it, Bend.
News coverage on cultural tourism funding, page 7
ABOUT THE COVER Painting by: Tracie Broughton traciebroughton.blogspot.com
The Glass Slipper
Out of Town
I ♥ Television
WE BELIEVE “Our community needs this next chapter in our development.” Shannon Sullivan
Event Services Manager, Tower Theatre
We believe in a four-year university for Central Oregon. WE BELIEVE in OSU–Cascades. OSUcascades.edu/we-believe
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Have something to say? Send your thoughts to email@example.com. Letters must be received by noon Friday for inclusion in the following week’s paper. Please limit letters to 250 words. Submission does not guarantee publication. Letter of the week receives $5 to Palate!
IN REPLY TO “NUMBERS DON’T LIE” (4/29)
Way to go [Teton Gravity Research]! Thanks for effectively using your “pro-environment” stance and platform to call out Bend and other heavy polluting mountain towns in your “Ten Most-Polluting...” list. Seriously TGR, you make ripping flicks, but you lost me years ago in the Tower Theatre with some finger wagging bro-brah telling me how he unplugs his toaster every day to avoid phantom electricity load. Subsequently, he hopped in the helicopter to burn 45-55 GPH and shred the gnar. A brief tour of TGR’s website shows the same story, most recreation is dependent on heavy fossil fuel consumption. Like most, I have my hypocrisies involving energy use and fossil fuel consumption; despite giving a lot up, I still drive to the mountains and love a road trip. But I don’t proselytize the good news as some holier than thou green guru. What’s your carbon foot print TGR? Those Eurocopters and ski boats are awful thirsty. Jeremy Jones excepted, TGR seems either oblivious or very adept at insidious green-washing. Physician heal thyself. —Chris Vaughan Despite its disheartening message, I was glad to read the recent “Boot” column regarding Bend’s status as one of the most polluting “mountain towns” in the nation. The Source hit the nail on the head with the assertion that “being an outdoor enthusiast does not necessarily translate into being a good steward of the environment.” While I am as prone to self-righteous evangelizing as the next bike-commuting environmentalist, this column made me pause to examine my own habits. Yes, I bike and walk to work sometimes, but I don’t hesitate to hop in the car if it’s raining or I’m feeling lazy. Yes, I intentionally live close to where I work and shop, and I often walk to the grocery store, but I regularly drive up to Mt. Bachelor, or to Shevlin Park for a run. Whether I feel guilty for slipping up once and a while, or pat myself on the back for being a relatively good steward of the environment (hey, I work for a conservation nonprofit!), I ultimately know that my personal
LAVA LAKE. PHOTO BY LISA SEALES.
choices and those of each individual member of our community are not what landed Bend on this list. The culture in Bend, and Central Oregon at large, is undeniably car-centric. Just look at the debate swirling around the controversial topics of the day: Galveston redevelopment, Mirror Pond, and the new OSU Cascades Campus, to name a few. Business owners tell me that people from Northwest Crossing “just aren’t going to bike” a mile or two to patronize businesses on Galveston. Replacing each and every parking space that could be lost if the riverfront parking lots are redeveloped under the Mirror Pond vision is taken as a given. And how on earth do we expect college students to exist in Bend without their own personal vehicle? How could OSU-Cascades have the audacity to think that students could arrive on campus without a car? If we want to change our status as one of the worst polluters among our peers, we must question the assumption that we will always be as dependent on our cars as we are today. We also need to demand that local policy makers work to give everyone in Bend (not just those of us who live on the west side) safe, viable options for getting around without depending solely on a personal vehicle. Finally, each of us does have a responsibility to question our own driving habits. Could you ride your mountain bike to the trail instead of putting it on your bike rack just to drive five miles to the Phil’s trailhead? Could you carpool up to Mt. Bachelor with buddies rather than driving by yourself? And please, stop complaining about traffic when you, driving by yourself in your car, are part of traffic. Let’s get creative about how we reach our destination, rather than continuing to place convenience over
the health of our planet. —Gena Goodman-Campbell Numbers don’t lie, but the people pushing them often do. It’s a simple exercise using Berkley’s interactive map to find a number of mountain towns that have worse pollution than Bend. For whatever reason the folks at Teton Gravity omitted many of these from their little list. To give the list a bit of perspective Yellowstone National park comes in with 43.9 metric tons of CO2. Here’s a link to Berkley’s map: coolclimate.berkeley.edu/maps —Philip Robert
Letter of the Week!
Oh, Philip, Pee Wee Herman once (often) said, “I know you are, but what am I?” While other towns and areas also may have bad pollution and emissions rates, it doesn’t excuse Bend. How about washing that down with a cup of coffees from Palate? E.J. Pettinger’s
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HIGHLIGHTS THIS WEEK
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The Issue: Our Forest Service seems to be stepping up their number of prescribed burns each season, starting in the spring when the weather is nice and clear, and continuing through the fall...when the weather is nice and clear. Consequently, our purported «300 Days of Sun» are often shrouded in thick, smelly smoke. By my estimates, perhaps up to 5,000 acres (?) may be burned through this process each year—all in the name of healthy forest management and fire fuel abatement. In contrast, however, our Forest Service regionally manages 1.6 million acres chock-full of diseased or dead trees, many from pine beetles, along with all the other combustible fuels one would expect to find, including branches, brush, etc. The Question: So why is our Forest Service so interested in conducting prescribed burns to mitigate fire risk on only a minuscule fraction of their acreage under management? Does it really reduce the “overall” risk of forest fires, as they say? The Cost to Our Health: We have all turned on the local news to hear the weatherman report a new prescribed burn, repeating guidance from our local Forest Service folks that, “people with asthma, allergies and other breathing problems, especially the elderly, are advised to stay inside with the windows closed.” What further health risks do these dozens of airborne carcinogens from smoke pose to children and pregnant women? Based on numerous outside sources—including our Forest Service, itself—the risk to public health may be far greater than what we have been otherwise led to believe. The Solution: The idea of reducing combustible fuels to mitigate fire risk is not the issue—obviously there’s a clear benefit in doing so. The issue is how to do it safely and effectively, and whether it really makes a difference on such a small scale toward lowering overall fire risk. The Forest Service has already been clearing other large swaths of forestland, “mechanically,” using light equipment, without burning. So why not continue this smokeless approach on an even larger scale, and completely eliminate the prescribed burning? I believe, at a minimum, areas near communities should certainly be a cleanup priority, and I would even support further efforts under the right circumstances if it helped create employment. I know I’m not alone when I don’t want to see our beautiful snow capped Cascades shrouded in brown haze; or smell the stench of smoke; or feel the health of our fellow community members—including children,
pregnant women, and the elderly—is being needlessly put at risk. I’m also concerned for our community’s reputation: How does all this smoke affect the quality of life we’ve worked so hard to build and preserve? Tourism is obviously a vital industry here. Are we risking our reputation as the sunny and pristine “Playground of the Northwest”? —Bruce Englund
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TIME FOR OUR FOREST SERVICE TO GO SMOKELESS!
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THE GLASS SLIPPER NEWS
A Success Story!
A little more than a year ago, voters approved Measure 9-94, which ratcheted up the transient room tax (TRT) in the City of Bend from 9 to 10.4 percent. A portion of the funds generated from that additional tax on tourists was—and is—directed toward a cultural tourism fund for local cultural organizations to spend on marketing campaigns outside the region; namely, to attract more tourists from Eugene, Portland, and Seattle to cultural offering here in Bend. On Monday, the Bend Cultural Tourism Commission recommended recipients for the first round of funding to Visit Bend, the organization charged with investing the funds. Seventeen organizations—both nonprofit and for-profit—applied for the funds. (See News, page 7.) In total, a request of $680,710 was made for the existing $125,000 available. Ultimately, nine of the applicants were selected for funding, with BendFilm and Atelier 6000 topping the list. If Visit Bend approves the recommendations as anticipated, Bend Film will receive $26,000 to market its 12th annual film festival, and A6 will get $13,500 (roughly one-quarter of its annual budget) to present and market a photo exhibit by Edward Curtis. Grants ranged from $26,000 for BendFilm to $9,000 for World Muse to produce and market its fourth annual conference. Said most directly: The cultural tourism fund is what can be termed an unconditional success story of taxation and spending. While there are simmering debates about how much more Bend wants to encourage tourism, there are so many economic and cultural benefits that the increased TRT is bolstering that let’s not complain about the fly in the chardonnay right now. Let’s just toast to a clever idea that is being executed smoothly. For starters, the TRT is sustainable funding. It generates its funds from current tourism revenue and, in turn, invests that money into marketing Bend’s cultural offerings for the off-seasons. This type of funding mechanism is the opposite of biting the hand that feeds Bend (shaking the hand that feeds us?). Bottom line: This does not tax current residents, but does provide locals with increased economic opportunities and strengthens cultural organizations. (Also, although lost in the shuffle a bit, the TRT also channels funds, about $1 for every $2 for the tourism fund, to support local police and fire services.) Sure, there are imperfections and some have questioned whether for-profit organizations should qualify for the funds (Les Schwab Amphitheater received $15,750 to promote concerts outside the area). But overall, the process was smooth, and the benefits from the cultural tourism fund should be much grander than the $125,000 granted on Monday by the Bend Cultural Tourism Commission. From a basic economic analysis, there is a major ripple effect here: In the news cycle on Monday and Tuesday after the grantees were announced, the funding received healthy news coverage throughout the state. Oregon Public Broadcasting correspondent April Baer was dispatched from Portland to cover the story, and interviewed Bend Film Executive Director Todd Looby for a story that ran repeated times over the next 24 hours. Averaging nearly 400,000 listeners weekly, and a heavy concentration of those in the Portland area, this is remarkable earned media, worth almost as much as the $26,000 granted to BendFilm to market its festival outside the Bend region—and, let’s face it, NPR listeners are the bull’s eye demographic for a documentary and artsy film festival. That type of earned media is worth its weight in gold, so to speak. More robustly, an increase in tourists visiting Bend translates into increased revenue, and revenue from outside the region. A general rule of thumb is that each tourist spends about $200 on food, lodging, and tickets every day he or she is in the region—which means increased revenue for area hotels (and Airbnb rentals), restaurants, and breweries. For example, the Tower Theatre received $11,000 to host an a capella festival in late February. Roughly calculated, if that marketing campaign brings just 20 people from outside the region, they will generate that same amount back for local hotels and restaurants over the three-day event. That’s smart spending.
MAY 7, 2015 / THE SOURCE WEEKLY / 7
A Beacon for the Arts
Cultural Tourism Commission selects first round of TRT-funded grantees BY ERIN ROOK
$112,000 - 6%
$1.2 Million - 58%
10% taxed on lodging fees
$327,000 - 17%
$321,000 - 15%
$177,000 - 3%
$3.7 Million - 63%
Cultural Tourism Fund $130,000 - 7.5%
Approximate numbers based on Visit Bend statistics. As Bend’s reputation as a tourist destination grows, not every season benefits equally. Traditionally, the summer months—with their abundant sunshine and plethora of outdoor recreation and festivals—have drawn the bulk of the out-of-towners. But the winter months and the so-called “shoulder seasons” are due for a boost thanks to the pending disbursement of the first round of Bend Cultural Tourism Fund grants. “The Bend Cultural Tourism fund is an exciting step for our community,” says Visit Bend Executive Director Doug LaPlaca. “Arts and cultural programs are a big part of what makes Bend such an amazing place to live. They also have the power to attract visitors during the slow period, and this program will give those programs significant support.” The Visit Bend board is expected to approve the recommendations of the Cultural Tourism Commission, which met Monday to finalize its proposed distribution of funds. The Commission received applications from 17 local organizations and events, seeking a combined total of $680,710 for everything from a Nordic skiing exhibit to an opera based on a local author’s novel. “My understanding is that the board will accept the commission’s recommendations based on the level of work and review that went into the panel process,” says consultant Shannon Planchon. Not all the proposals were recommended for funding. The commission members ranked each proposal based on a predetermined rubric (those with a conflict of interest—such as Source Publisher and Lay It Out Events owner Aaron Switzer—recused themselves from weighing in on their own projects). The top two rated applications were recommended for the largest portion of their requested funding. Coming out on top was BendFilm Festival, with a score of about 93 out of 100. The fest asked for $35,000 and was recommended to receive a little more than 70 percent of that amount, or $26,000. Following close behind, Atelier 6000 requested $18,000, but was granted $13,500. All told, more than half of the 17 proposals were recommended to receive some amount of funding, with the com-
mission advising that the latter seven receive 45 percent of the requested funds. As funds continue to roll in at unprecedented and unanticipated levels, the Commission may opt to grant funds more than once per year. Ultimately, the grant cycles are at the discretion of the 13 appointed commissioners and the grant administrator. “The City of Bend disperses monthly payments to Visit Bend equal to 34 percent of total [transient room tax] collections,” LaPlaca explains. “Visit Bend then funds the BCTF on a monthly basis in the amount of 7.5 percent of Visit Bend’s total TRT revenue.” Though the transient room tax—a lodging tax paid by visitors to hotels, motels, and vacation rentals—will eventually increase to 10.4 percent, the initial phase-in of the 1.4 percent increase brings that rate up to 10 percent. Those funds are divvied up by the City, with 63 percent going into the City’s general fund, 3 percent to Bend police and fire, and 34 percent to Visit Bend for tourism promotion. Of the cut going to Visit Bend, the majority—some 58 percent—goes to general tourism marketing, with 7.5 percent disbursed into the Bend Cultural Tourism Fund. “The City hires Visit Bend to invest that 34 percent in marketing programs to attract tourists to Bend. Visit Bend operates many marketing programs, and the Bend Cultural Tourism Fund (BCTF) is one of them,” LaPlaca says. “The mission of the BCTF is to fund marketing grants for arts and cultural organizations to attract additional tourists to Bend during the shoulder seasons and winter months.” TRT revenues have seen steady growth over the past year, with each month reaching a historic high. Last November, the year’s slowest month, the TRT brought in more than $280,000. At the high point last July, that number skyrocketed to nearly $850,000. It’s that dramatic discrepancy between the vibrant summer months and the slower seasons that the BCTF is intended to address. Here’s how the successful grant applicants plan to do that (in order of their ranking from highest to lowest).
BendFilm Asked for: $35,000 Awarded: $26,000 The plan: To keep on keeping on, attracting visitors from the region and nation to its annual film festival.
The plan: To prepare a major exhibit highlighting the history of Nordic skiing.
Atelier 6000 Asked for: $18,000 Awarded: $13,500 The plan: To present an exhibit of the photos of Edward Curtis— known for his portraits of Native Americans and other Western topics—and host a number of related events. Les Schwab Amphitheater Asked for: $35,000 Awarded: $15,750 The plan: To promote its concerts to out-of-area markets inclined to visit Bend.
Tower Theatre Foundation Asked for: $25,000 Awarded: $11,000 The plan: To launch the “Bend A Cappella Festival,” to run February 19-21, 2016, and attract performers and fans from outside the local area. High Desert Museum Asked for: $35,000 Awarded: $15,750 The plan: To mount an exhibit, tentatively titled “Arts for the People,” that aims to make the art and culture of the Great Depression more accessible. Deschutes County Historical Society Asked for: $26,700 Awarded: $12,000
BY ERIN ROOK
$2 Million 34%
ScaleHouse Asked for: $25,000 Awarded: $11,000 The plan: To create the Bend Design Conference, bringing in nationally-recognized experts and showcasing design. World Muse Asked for: $20,000 Awarded: $9,000 The plan: To produce and promote the fourth annual Muse Conference, bringing in national and international speakers and guests.
Deschutes Public Library Foundation Asked for: $25,000 Awarded: $11,000 The plan: To continue to put on and promote the annual Author! Author! series, presenting nonfiction author and Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter Timothy Egan. Those who applied but were not selected for funding in this cycle (and how much they asked for) were Stage Right Productions ($9,410), Lay It Out Events/ WinterFest ($15,000), Bend WebCAM ($14,850), The Workhouse ($21,500), High Desert Chamber Music ($18,000), OperaBend ($41,000), Crow’s Feet Commons ($65,750), and Bend’s Backyard Farm Tour ($5,800).
The results of Bend 2030’s April Transportation Forum are in. The first revelation is unsurprising: People want more from their transportation systems and infrastructure. But the follow-up is less anticipated: They are willing to pay for it. When presented with four different entities—the community at large, local governments, transit riders, and private industry—the 175 attendees showed a clear preference for having the community at large carry the burden of funding public transit. When the Central Oregon Intergovernmental Council surveyed the public in 2013, support for a transit property tax was in the low 40 percent. Forum attendees were most supportive of a gas tax, a tourism-related tax such as on food and beverage, and a studded tire fee to generate funding. A property tax was the fourth most-suggested option, but with considerably less support that the first three ideas.
In terms of how transportation funding should be allocated, forum attendees divided play money nearly evenly among three top priorities: safer bike lanes, street maintenance, and sidewalk improvements. Overall, the group defined “good transit” as frequent, affordable, and available to everyone, and supported “complete” neighborhoods, designed to encourage multimodal transportation such as biking and walking. Attendees said current barriers to walking and biking include a lack of sidewalks and bike lanes, physical barriers such as highways and railroad crossings, and a lack of driver education about pedestrians and cyclists. Bend 2030 plans to follow up the forum and report with a community-wide survey this summer, which will allow the group to gather more statistically valid data.
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MAY 7, 2015 / THE SOURCE WEEKLY / 9
COCC celebrates 50 years on the butte BY ERIN ROOK
COCC, BEFORE AND AFTER ITS MOVE TO THE BUTTE. PHOTOS COURTESY COCC.
When Ron Bryant first enrolled at Central Oregon Community College back in 1955, he chose the college for the same reason many students do today. “It was within driving distance and it was affordable,” recalls Bryant, a Redmond attorney who previously chaired the COCC board and now serves as the college’s legal counsel. “I wanted to continue the education, but I didn’t have the ability or funds to go to a four-year college.” Today’s students, however, may not hold the same definition of “driving distance.” Bryant made the drive from Madras each day to attend classes in the college’s original home—the basement of Bend High School. Though the school was small, and his commute was long, Bryant participated in a number of conventional collegiate activities. A journalism major, he served as a founding editor of The Broadside student newspaper, worked on the yearbook staff, sang with the Night Hawk choir, and played on the basketball team. “It was really small, probably a little step up from high school,” he recalls fondly. That meant small class sizes, plenty of interaction with instructors, and a graduating class of just six students. But like the college, Bryant grew up and went on to greater accomplishments. He finished his bachelor’s at Lewis and Clark College and got his law degree from Northwestern College of Law in Portland. By the time he returned to Redmond to practice law in 1964, COCC was on the verge of its own big move—the establishment of the campus on Awbrey Butte. The move was made possible by a 140-acre land donation from the Coats family, who would go on to be one of the largest landowners in the region. Though they chose to remain anonymous at the time of the donation, the family will be recognized in a ceremony celebrating COCC’s 50th anniversary of the Bend campus on May 14 from 4 to 7 pm. It was around this time that Bryant reconnected with the college, serving on the board of the COCC Foundation, where he helped launch scholarship programs. From there, he ran for a position on the college’s board, serving as chair during the 25th anniversary of the school’s formation. “The campus, having moved from a high school building to up there, it was more of a college experience,” Bryant recalls. “It was beginning to grow up.” That growth has required the college to remain agile, shifting effortlessly to accommodate changing needs and resources. During the 1990s, the college boasted robust arts programming. Cameron Clark, founder of C3 Events, came to COCC in 1990 with experience as both a student event programmer and a college administrator. After connecting with then director of student activities Mike Smith, Clark began programming and managing arts and cultural events on campus. “We had a very innovative independent contract that ‘outsourced’ most of the on and off campus student arts/events to C3 Events to program and manage,” Clark explains. ”Part of our contract required us to train, advise, and hire COCC students to work on all of these events—which we loved.” The contract ran from 1992 to 2005 and produced, on average,
more than 30 arts-related events each academic year. These included lectures, emerging artists and musicians, films, and comedians, as well as some big name visitors including Maya Angelou, Ralph Nader, Tim Wise, and Winona LaDuke. But that was a different time, Clark explains. “The campus was truly a hub for the arts for this community during this era,” he says. “There was no Tower Theatre, and the college was using the arts, constructing a very tangible bridge between itself and the community at large—both students and non students.” Eventually, funding for that collaboration dried up, explains College Relations Director Ron Paradis, who has been with COCC for 23 years. “We’re very comprehensive and try to be everything for everybody, but you can’t always do that,” Paradis explains, noting that Oregon ranks 47th in the country for public funding of higher education. As a result, he explains, sometimes programs get cut and tuition goes up. But that doesn’t mean the college has been atrophying. Where some programs have downsized or gone by the wayside, others have emerged to replace them. In the past decade or two, he explains, the college has increased its offering of technical programs in response to the employment needs of the region. Among those newer programs are medical assisting, dental assisting, massage therapy, pharmacy technician, veterinary technician, aviation, and expanded offerings in nursing and automotive. In that sense, the college continues to serve as a connecting point between high school and either the working world, or further higher education. And many of those affiliated with the college say it’s a point of distinction between community colleges and four-year universities. “I think it’s a lot different. The main kind of purpose [of community college] is to reach students and others who cannot afford to go away or afford to go to a big college. Those are expensive things to do,” COCC counsel Bryant says. “I looked at it as being a bridge, between four years of high school and four years of college.” Bryant, who attended COCC in the 1950s, says all three of his children attended and graduated from COCC before transferring to four-year schools. Today, two are lawyers, and one is a supervisor with the Deschutes County Mental Health Department. Even as OSU-Cascades emerges as a fully-fledged four-year university, Paradis says he doesn’t see COCC changing much. “We assume we’ll shift a bit, but a comprehensive community colleges offers a number of things four-year universities don’t,” he explains. Paradis says he anticipates a dip in enrollment as some students choose to start their academic careers at OSU-Cascades rather than COCC, but he expects many will still take advantage of the two-plus-two opportunity the two schools present. Ultimately, he says, the college will remain true to its mission to be affordable and accessible, and will continue to evolve to meet the changing needs of future generations—academic, cultural, and otherwise. “We’ve been here for 65 years and have become a critical part in the community in a number of ways, including some of the cultural aspects,” Paradis says, “and we’ll continue to do those things.”
Then and Now COCC in 1965 and today COMPILED BY ERIN ROOK
Enrollment 1965: 700 2015: 6,458 (fall term credit headcount) Average age of credit students 1965: unknown 2015: 29 Number of campus buildings 1965: Five 2015: 26 in Bend, four in Redmond and one each in Madras and Prineville Size of campus in acres 1965: 150 acres 2015: 202 plus 25 in Redmond, 18 in Madras and a building in Prineville Number of faculty 1965: 35 full time and 67 part time 2015: 124 full time and about 280 part time Percent of full-time faculty holding Ph.D. or terminal degrees 1965: unknown 2015: about 35 percent Number of programs offered 1965: 31 2015: 55 Male/female students 1974: 64 percent / 36 percent 2015: 45 percent / 55 percent Students of color 1965: unknown 2015: about 15 percent Students over 25 1965: unknown 2015: about 47 percent Tuition 1965: $12 per credit and $90 per term if full time 2015: $87 per credit and $1,305 per term if full time Graduates 1964-65: 39 degrees and 15 certificates 2013-14: 908 degrees and 298 certificates
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