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2021 Sire Guide

ABHA PO Box 2607 Bowling Green, KY 42101 RETURN SERVICE REQUESTED

What’s Inside: FALL 2021


Features

FALL 2021 Volume 6, Issue 4 2021 ABHA Sire Guide Page 13-28

Protocols, People & Facilities Lead to A.I. Success Page 8-9

10 Steps to Buying the Right Bull ...Pages 6-7 Podcasts Worth Your Time...Page 12 The Random Shuffle of Genes: Putting the E in EPD...Pages 32-33

Executive Summary ABHA Bulletin Breeder Spotlight New Members

The American Black Hereford is published quarterly by the American Black Hereford Assoc. Executive Director, Ernie Dominguez 512-567-7840 Reg, Membership, DNA & Supplies Jennifer or Cheryl 833-501-4750 opt. 2 www.blackhereford.org Graphic Design & Advertising: Leanna McGuire & Carey Brown

In Every Issue 4 5 10 29

On the Cover Photo taken at Bacica Farms. Have a cover photo? Send to cbrownabha@gmail.com

30 37 38

Junior Corner Upcoming Events Ad Index

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Executive Summary Welcome to the American Black Hereford Fall Issue!

T

his summer brought many challenges for those in the cattle business. From drought in some parts of the country to high feed costs, many cattlemen struggle to push on. But our resilience is our greatest strength. We can and will overcome the biggest of obstacles. That is simply the way in which we all in this great industry live our lives. We also have a lot to be excited about because with great challenges also come great opportunities. As is my belief, we have an abundance of opportunity that awaits us this upcoming year.

Ernie Dominguez ABHA Executive Director ABHA Officers Interim President: Ernie Dominguez 512.567.7840 Vice President: Matt Marsh 912.425.0365 Treasurer: Don Hardin 515.313.8982 Secretary: Jacob Moreno 417.763.4233 Board Members: Darrell Selby 270.566.2624 Robert Walters 270.832.1180 Don Hardin 515-313-8982 Logan Hill 970.629.8807 Chad Jones 913-731-3428 Rod Garman 479-957-2068 Brock Johansen 435.749.1543 ABHA Executive Director Ernie Dominguez 512.567.7840

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The American Black Hereford

This summer has also flown by! The AJBHA Junior Nationals event was a tremendous success due to the hard work of Brian Gilham, Lindsay Bennett, the entire Juniors Committee as well as our generous sponsors. Everyone who pitched in to help in Murray, Kentucky helped to provide a great experience for the many junior members and their families that attended. The event is one of the major highlights for the ABHA each year by providing an educational opportunity for our future leaders and showcasing some of the best cattle that Black Hereford has to offer. After leaving this event, I felt both motivated and very blessed by the members that have and are investing in our breed. Thank you! As you thumb through this issue, you’ll see a brand-new feature called the “ABHA Bulletin Board” which will highlight tips and reminders from genetic testing to transfers to registrations, industry articles on topics related to sire selection and breeding, a breeder spotlight, our popular annual AI Sire Guide featuring some of the best AI sires the breed has to offer, the “Junior Corner” introducing our newly elected AJBHA officers, and upcoming events and sales. As always, we welcome our newest members to the ABHA family, and I encourage you to reach out and welcome them, too! There are so many things to be planning for this fall; state fairs, national shows and the many spring born sales that will be offered. This is always our busiest time for our Association, so please work with us and we will do our best to take care of your registrations and transfer needs. Remember, when you are registering cattle that need to be tested, there will be a minimum of thirty days required to get test results, so please plan accordingly. As I mentioned earlier, we have a lot to look forward to before 2021 comes to a close. Our annual member meeting, A Royal Affair sale, and national show at the American Royal in Kansas City; national shows at the North American International Livestock Exposition and Cattlemen’s Congress and other ABHA member sales are all right around the corner. Events like these are a great opportunity for you to meet other ABHA members, share information on your programs and learn more about how to take advantage of all the ABHA has to offer. The ABHA continues to grow and the interest in our cattle is at an all-time high. More and more cattlemen are recognizing the undeniable attributes that our cattle have to offer the industry and their ranch’s bottom line. Please reach out if you have any questions or ideas for how we can continue to make a positive impact for the breed and this industry. We are all in this together, we will continue to work together to keep the ABHA strong, and American Black Hereford proud. We truly have some of the most dedicated, selfless people in the cattle business that support Black Hereford and its members. I hope to see you at a future event this fall. Let’s show the industry what the American Black Hereford has to offer. ABHA

Fall 2021


ABHA Bulletin Board Upcoming Event

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• A Royal Affair Sal

e- October 7

• ABHA National Meeting/DinnerOctober 7 • American Royal • Central States

Show- October 9

Sale- Nov 6

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Online Transfers When transferring animals online make sure there is not already a member number for the buyer. If the buyer does have a number, please confirm their address.

Online transfers have a $10 fee if completed in less than 90 days. After 90 days the fee increases to $20.

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Tip

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Hereford and Angu

s Nominations

Any proven defect free American Heref ord Association bull may become a Nom inated Herd Sire. Th ese nominations must be sent to the office. There is a $5 0 nomination fee. Foundation Females , including Hereford and Angus cows, must also be handle d through the office for a fee.

t Ways to Ge

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g the ted followin in o p p a e b l s wil Committee board ber, so let a to c O in g n ti annual mee interested in re a u o y if Ernie know member or reed s include: B e te it m m o one! C serving on site, Ethics, Web d n a s le u R nt, Improveme , Juniors, , Membership ce and Data n a in F , ia d ocial Me Promotion/S . ow and Sale h S , e in z a g Ma

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10 Steps to Buying the Right Bull Scott P. Greiner, Ph.D., Extension Animal Scientist, Beef, VA Tech 1. Identify Herd Goals- Herd goals serve as the foundation for sire selection and provide guidance as to traits with the most economic importance. Defining the production and marketing system, along with management strategies and environment are key factors that warrant consideration:

Will the bull be used on heifers, mature cows, or both? Will replacement females be retained in the herd? How will the calf crop be marketed (at weaning?, backgrounded?, retained ownership? sell females?) What are the labor and management resources available? What are the feed resources and environmental conditions of the operation? How will this sire contribute to the overall breeding system plan?

2. Assess Herd Strengths and Weaknesses- Fundamental records are key to identifying strengths and weaknesses. Basic performance parameters such as calving percentage, weaning percentage, weaning weights, sale weights, carcass merit, feed usage, etc. are necessary to serve as the basis for assessing areas of strength and those needing attention. 3. Establish Selection Priorities- Concentrate on those factors which stand to have the largest impact on profitability. Remember that income is derived from performance (sale weight, % calf crop weaned, carcass merit, etc.). Performance is a function of both genetics and environment/ management. Superior genetics can be negated by poor management, which emphasizes the importance of separating the impact of management (nutrition, health program) from that of genetics when specific priorities for the herd are established. Considering both the genetic and management influences on various traits is important. Focus on the handful of priority traits rather than attempting to change many traits simultaneously. Establishing the few traits to focus on is the key factor. 4. Utilize Selection Tools- Once selection priorities have been established through close examination of herd goals and current status, a number of useful tools are at the disposal of beef producers to assist in making genetic improvement. Genetic differences across breeds have been well established, and utilization of different breeds in a complimentary fashion through structured crossbreeding plans provides the opportunity for improvement in multiple traits. Most importantly, heterosis attained through crossbreeding has been shown to have significant favorable impacts on traits such as reproductive efficiency and cow longevity which are critical for herd profitability. The limited ability to select for reproductive traits in the form of EPDs further emphasizes the importance of capturing the value of heterosis. EPDs are available for many traits of economic importance. The introduction of economic indexes which combine several related traits and their 6

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economic values into one EPD are available to assist with simultaneous improvement in multiple traits which impact areas such as carcass merit and post-weaning profit. Again, with the large number of EPD tools available, the critical step is to determine the EPDs which are most important and establish benchmarks relative to each. 5. Establish Benchmarks- Several tools can be utilized to assist in the determination of EPD specifications. EPD values for current and past sires can be used as benchmarks. With these benchmarks, EPD specifications can be set to reflect the desired increase or moderation in performance for a particular trait. As an example, establishing a benchmark for milk EPD can be determined through the relationship between previous sires’ genetics for milk and the performance of his daughters in the herd. 6. Find Source- With the above defined, we can now begin to look at individual bulls. There are many sources of bulls that warrant considerationproduction sales, test stations, and private treaty sales. Of critical importance is that the bull be from a reputable source which will stand behind their product. It may be necessary to look at several sources in order to find the correct bull. 7. Do Your Homework- The first step to doing so is to evaluate the sale catalog, performance pedigree, and data. By examination of the bull’s performance record, determine which bulls meet the EPD and other specifications that have been established (and likewise eliminate those that do not meet the specifications). Be prepared to make trade-offs, as the perfect record may not be attainable. Do not be surprised or alarmed when the bulls you have highlighted appear scattered throughout the sale order. Remember to stick to the selection criteria and qualifications/specifications that have been established. All this can and should be accomplished prior

to departing for any sale. 8. Have a Look- Once the list has been narrowed to only bulls which meet the criteria, these bulls can be further evaluated and selection refined. Having a list of suitable bulls prior to arrival at the auction or farm will not only save time, but also assist in making sure the right bull for the situation is purchased. Upon narrowing the potential candidates on paper, the bulls can be evaluated for suitability of phenotypic traits and the potential candidate list shortened even further. Not all relevant traits have EPDs (examples include disposition, foot soundness, fleshing ability, etc.), and therefore must be evaluated visually. 9. Make a Sound Investment- For many cow calf producers, purchasing a new bull is a relatively infrequent occurrence. This emphasizes the importance of selecting the right bull, particularly in single sire herds. The value of the right bull cannot be underestimated. Investments in good genetics will pay dividends both short and long-term through the influence the bull has on each calf crop as well as his daughters that are retained in the herd. 10. Manage the New Bull Properly- Of equal importance is the care and management of the newly acquired bull. Proper management and nutrition are essential for the bull to perform satisfactorily during the breeding season. With most new herd sires purchased as yearling bullsmanagement prior to, during, and after the first breeding season is particularly important. Plan ahead by acquiring a new yearling bull at least 60 to 90 prior to the breeding season so that ample time is available to allow for adjustment to a new environment, commingling with other bulls, and getting the bull in proper breeding body condition. ABHA

� AMERIGAN Black Hereford nSoti!Jw,,,, � nSak Friday, April 1, 2022 RUSKCOUN11YEXPOCENTER Hend�rson, Texas I:

Dinner @ 5:00pm Sale @ 6:00pm - wtnca@aol.com � -·:::· "'." >¥ Carla CarlaBacica Bacica- 903-530-8551 ► �BJ0-8J51 ► wtnca@ao+ormErnie 573-680-1439- ernie@blackhereford.org : sbh8627@gmail.com JasonDominguez �chroeder- ►512-567-7840 ;�p

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i- The C0LOR you can COUNT ON. blackhereford.org Fall 2021

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Photo courtesy of University of Missouri Extension

Protocols, People And Facilities Lead To A.I. Success Genex

A

rtificial Insemination (A.I.) is an investment in the future of your herd. The ability to use semen from a genetically superior sire, synchronize your females and have more calves born earlier in the breeding season while adding uniformity to your calf crop all add up to additional dollars in your pocket. But, how can you make sure you are maximizing the return on your investment? In most cases, the success of your A.I. project comes down to three things: protocols, people and facilities.

Protocols

First and foremost, having the protocols in place to not only synchronize the females in your herd, but to ensure the females you do synchronize are good candidates for A.I., will help you achieve the results you desire. There are a few basic rules of thumb used to ensure females are good candidates for A.I. Criteria for synchronizing heifers: • Should have achieved 60-65% of mature body weight • Minimum of 50% should have a reproductive tract score of ≥ 4 at six weeks before breeding If you don’t have a veterinarian in your area that offers reproductive tract scoring, don’t panic! You can achieve the same thing by visually observing heifers for heat in the weeks and months leading up to breeding. You want to observe at least 50% are cycling six weeks prior to breeding. 8

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Criteria for synchronizing cows: • Body condition score of ≥ 5 at calving • Group should average a postpartum interval of ≥ 40 days at the beginning of the protocol • Each cow should be a minimum of 21 days postpartum at the time of Eazi-Breed™ CIDR® insertion • Low incidence of calving difficulty The next thing you need to consider is what synchronization protocol will you use. Research suggests some protocols perform better than others, but just because research says it’s the best protocol, doesn’t necessarily make it the best protocol for your operation. Ask yourself three questions before choosing a synchronization protocol:

having people there who don’t believe in what you are doing. Additionally, an A.I. project is no place for a hot shot, instead choose a flag whip or sorting stick. Small changes in how you handle cattle can lead to big differences in the stress level of both the cows and your cowboy crew. If your cowboy crew is excited about A.I. day, they are calmer, more patient and easier on cattle. Less people with more experience and patience will yield better results almost every time.

Facilities

The final piece of the puzzle when it comes to a successful A.I. project is facilities. As I already mentioned synchronization protocols can require several trips through the chute, so good facilities are important, but there is no need to recreate your entire corral system or panic if you don’t think yours measures up.

• How many times am I willing to put the female through the chute? If you have questions about your facility design, visit • How much am I willing to spend on synchronization drugs? with your local A.I. professional. Most have several years of • What are my expectations for results? experience under their belts and have seen successful A.I. projects happen with many different set-ups. Your technician Once you know the answers to these questions you can may suggest minor changes to your facilities to help handle the objectively analyze which synchronization program is the best females in a safe, low stress and efficient manner. Many will be fit for your operation. No matter what the research or experts able to provide you with a portable breeding barn on A.I. day tell you, the best protocol for your operation is one that aligns to make things go even more smoothly; this means if you have with your goals. It’s the protocol you are 100% confident you some pens to hold the females and sort into (if needed) and an can perform perfectly from start to finish. alleyway, then you are in business.

People

Hand in hand with having the proper protocols in place is having people in place to ensure the protocols are carried out correctly. Synchronization protocol compliance means the right cow gets the right shot (or CIDR insertion/removal, MGA, etc.) on the right day or at the right hour. Following the chosen protocol also means utilizing proper dosage and handling of the synchronization drugs. Here, education is key. If your whole crew understands why each step of the program is important and why timing is crucial to its success, then there will be more buy-in and everyone will take ownership of the program.

Don’t let a lack of facilities hold you back from a project either. Again, visit with your technician. There are several options for portable corral and chute systems that can make your dream of synchronizing and breeding females on pasture a reality. Some technicians even have those set-ups available for you to use during your project.

Having the proper protocols, people and facilities in place will help you realize the maximum return on your investment in your next A.I. project. Don’t let it overwhelm you though. Put in place protocols that work best for your operation, surround yourself with people that support the project and consider small facility redesigns that can help make things flow Proper cattle handling is also an important part of a successful smoothly. Most of all, if you have any questions, make sure to A.I. project. Most synchronization protocols require 3-4 trips reach out to your local A.I. professional. They have lots of through the chute. When it comes to gathering, sorting and experience to draw on and are committed to your success.ABHA getting cattle through the A.I. barn, nothing is worse than Fall 2021

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Eastgate Ranch

S

ituated just 40 miles Northeast of San Antonio lies the town of Seguin, Texas and the home of David and Marlyn Dougherty, owners of Eastgate Ranch. Dougherty’s entrance into the cattle business could be considered coming full circle. Born and raised on a small dryland farm in southeastern Nebraska where his parents raised cattle, hogs, chickens, corn, milo, alfalfa, and kids, Dougherty says he couldn’t wait to get off the farm, and in 1965 enlisted in the US Air Force where he spent 21 years, retiring in 1986 as a Captain in the field of Biomedical Equipment Technology. Shortly after Dougherty started a consulting company, doing medical equipment placement and procurement for hospitals all over the world. In 1991 he purchased an architectural-engineering company designing exclusively for the Far East District Corp of Engineers in Seoul, Korea, retiring from this in 2011. He then retired to the island of Saipan, MP with his fishing boat, which lead to the establishment of Pacific Marine Enterprises, Inc., which specializes in the water transportation of cargo and equipment between the islands of Guam, Rota, Tinian, Saipan, Alamagan, and Pagan. During all of this time Dougherty kept

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finding a way to push back into his roots and the cattle business. “We began raising black Herefords back in 1998 and didn’t even realize it,” says Dougherty. “We were producing F-1s to get black baldies from our registered angus and Hereford bulls and cattle. We really didn’t know what was going on but we knew the results were good and we kept doing it.” Life changes caused Dougherty to get out of the cattle business in 2005, concentrating on other things. However, like so many, the cattle bug was in him, and in 2012 he found himself again acquiring land and cattle. “When we started researching breeds we found that the “Black Herefords” were now a registered breed. There was no question on which way we were headed; right back to where we had been. In 2014 we bought our first 4 head of registered black Herefords at the annual ABHA sale and off we went.” Eastgate is truly a diverse cattle operation, running 140 head of Registered Angus, F-1s, and Red and Black Hereford dams, along with a small herd of Registered Lowline Aberdeen Angus cows on a Registered Miniature Red


Hereford bull, as an experiment to produce F-1 black baldies on a smaller scale. Eastgate also has 29 head of mixed breed dams to produce club calves which consist of Charolais, Angus, and Simmental. The Doughertys brought a few others along their cattle journey including David’s brother and Assistant, Mark Dougherty and the Ashe family; Travis, Ashley, Tommy and Timothy as foreman. “The last few years I have concentrated on the cattle business as it’s what I enjoy. I have leaned heavily on my brother Mark and ranch foreman to keep the place running smoothly. Travis, Ashley, and the boys have been with us a couple of years now and are a valuable asset to the success of the ranch. It’s a full time job for sure and they are dedicated to getting it done correctly and producing a herd of cattle that we aren’t afraid to display in public. It’s not the type of job that you can achieve success overnight. It takes years of breeding and culling to get to that “ideal” herd. However, as farmers and ranchers we never reach that place in time. We feel that we can always make them better, heavier, prettier, tamer, and more productive. That’s what we do,” said Dougherty. In addition to running cattle Eastgate runs a total of 1,000 acres, which is primarily improved pastures. They have 100 irrigated acres dedicated to hay production. For fall forage they plant these 60 acres plus another 70 acres to 20 percent each of oats, wheat, Rye, barley, and triticale. Additionally, they put on two pounds each of purple top turnips and daikon radishes per acre. “The cattle seem to love the turnips the best which are 12-14% crude protein and will actually pass up nice oats to get to one of those turnips. The cattle tend to leave the radishes alone but they are excellent in breaking up compacted soil and when they eventually rot in the spring make an good conduit for water getting back in the soil and produce excellent organic matter because of their girth and length,” said Dougherty. Eastgate produces about 1000-1400 5X5 round bales a season, enough to get through the winter months with some to sell in the spring. Like so many ranchers facing lower cattle prices Eastgate has also dipped their toes into the direct to consumer business. “Due to lower sale barn prices for some of the calves that we don’t wish to put in our seed stock program, we have just begun a farm-to-table beef production feedlot

which is just in its infancy. We are unsure that we will be able to compete financially due to our higher feed costs when compared to the large feed lots but the neighbors see how we are raising them and are encouraged to be able to acquire a more chemical-free protein source for them and their families,” Dougherty said. Dougherty says he’s learned a few important things since jumping into the Black Hereford world. “One key thing is that, being in the final trimester of my life, chasing cattle is not something I can do or want to do. The Black Hereford cattle are an absolute dream to work with and are extremely docile. Every once in a while you will get one that is a little athletic but they are usually an F-1 or an Angus. I just love how they handle. Our bulls will usually walk up to a trailer in an open field and just walk right in. It makes raising cattle fun and easy.” But it’s not just the docility of the breed that excites him. “Secondly, the Black Herefords are attracting the commercial breeders in a big way. The majority of Black Hereford bulls we sell are to commercial cattlemen from all over the state of Texas and beyond that are wanting to put these bulls on their Brahman, Brangus, Beefmaster, etc., herds. In most cases their main comments are 1) they are trying to tame down their herd, and 2) I wonder what their calves will look like from a Black Hereford, and 3) I still want that black hide”. Dougherty recommends that new breeders pay close attention to their breeding choices. “Concentrate on conformity, docility, performance, pedigree, and EPDs with the emphasis being on the first three. A bigboned well shaped cow with a good udder and legs will treat you well over the years provided you treat her equally as well. I would also start with a heifer bred to an approved herd sire. Jumping in and buying an expensive bull early in the process is not recommended, as far as I am concerned. If you are planning on building your own herd and keep replacement heifers, his value to you will very quickly diminish and you will end up with cattle that could have been AI’ed much cheaper per calf. A tame cow makes a happy farmer, so get one that is not skittish or wild. Watch their ears! Past weight performance is a factor but if you don’t know exactly how that animal was raised and under what conditions it can be very misleading. Look at how many were in their particular contemporary group and how they did in comparison.” ABHA Fall 2021

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Podcasts Worth Your Time

W

eather while running the tractor or cleaning out stalls, many of us have found that listening to podcasts both helps pass the time and is a chance to learn something new or catch a laugh. Here are a few of the cattle focused podcasts we thought you might be interested in checking out.

By Jennifer Hill

Casual Cattle Conversations

CCC utilizes rancher-to-rancher education to share experiences, stories and information about ranchers and other individuals in the beef industry. This podcast covers topics related to ranching from time management, entrepreneurship, finances and anything in-between. Host Shaye Koester publishes twice a month. Average podcast length of 30 minutes.

Burnin’ Daylight

While not for little ears, Burnin’ Daylight offers a little bit of everything. Billed as the “Podcast for the Working Cowboy” Burnin’ Daylight host Matt McKinley covers everything from history and politics to cowboy culture and rancher interviews, all with some often off-color humor. McKinley frequently interviews both everyday working cowhands and ranchers, as well as movers and shakers within the industry. Burnin’ Daylight releases three episodes a week of longform discussion ranging from one to two hours long, explicit language is used.

Working Cows Podcast

The Working Cows podcast seeks to give you something to think about as you work to maximize the effectiveness of your cattle operation and the joy your family receives from the lifestyle. Episodes feature interviews with a variety of ranchers across all sectors of the industry.

Cattlemen’s Call

The flagship podcast for National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Cattlemen’s Call focuses on the people in the beef industry and their stories. The monthly show is hosted by Montana rancher and broadcaster Lane Nordlund and features a “coffee talk” style with an average show length of 45 minutes.

Chute Side

This podcast focuses on the show ring side of the industry. With numerous interviews covering the full spectrum of showing cattle, it’s packed full of tips and tricks and plenty of inside baseball for the show world. Chute side is a great listen for anyone with the show bug.

Meet Your Herdmates Sodcast

Host Carl Stafford brings together people to discuss ruminant animal agriculture from a variety of backgrounds including expertise in some aspect of soil, plant, animal or human health. They also discuss environmental stewardship, public policy, and sustainable development in the weekly podcast. ABHA

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2021 Sire Guide

BRINGING NEW GENETICS TO THE

BLACK HEREFORD BREED

PEDIGREE

DCD CERTIFIED TRUMP 2016 HERD SIRE M IKE & C A R LA B AC IC A 903-520-0390 | 903-530-8551

BACICAFARMS.COM Fall 2021

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Fall 2021

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SUPERIOR BLACK HEREFORD GENETICS Jo Bulls Genetics is the first online, one stop shop for all of your Black Hereford genetics. The store has over 30 semen bulls to choose from and embryos from various donor cows. It is easy to add different bulls to your shopping cart and only pay for shipping once. These bulls are the top bulls in the ABHA and have progeny working throughout the U.S. Jo Bulls Genetics shipped semen into 28 states last year and Canada. Visit www.jobullsgenetics.com to view all of the option.

Jo Bulls Genetics The ABHA’s first online semen and embryo source. Brock Johansen • (435) 749-1543 www.jobullsgenetics.com bjohansen@emerytelcom.com

BUY SEMEN ONLINE AT

JOBULLSGENETICS.COM 16PAY The American Black ONLINE ◆ Hereford SELECT

Fall 2021 MULTIPLE SIRES PER ORDER ◆ ONLY PAY SHIPPING ONCE


Jo Bulls Genetics

The ABHA’s first online semen and embryo source.

BUY SEMEN ONLINE AT JOBULLSGENETICS.COM

Brock Johansen • (435) 749-1543 www.jobullsgenetics.com bjohansen@emerytelcom.com

JO ATOMIC 8008

DOB: 02/02/18 | REG. # HB012529 | TATTOO: 8008 | 89.75% HB JN BULLSEYE JO D411 x JO MISS CURVE FORK 0008 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

71

667

1117

6.15

1.09

45.17

72.22

24.86

47

0.28

0.27

HOMOZYGOUS BLACK - Here he is, the complete package, Jo Atomic 8008. There is a reason the ABHA is using this bull as its flagship bull on advertisements. His dam of distinction mother has 15 progeny recorded at 104.9% WWR and 103.3 YWR. His father is the famous high selling Bullseye bull. Jo Atomic 8008 is 89.75% and Homozygous Black. We feel that Jo Atomic 8008 will really change the breed, so we have reduced semen on him to $25/straw. Exportable semen is available. We have sold over 3,000 units of semen on Jo Atomic 8008 and are excited about the reports we are getting on his calves. He is a proven heifer bull. We have semen at Alta Genetics in Canada.

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate Fall 2021

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Jo Bulls Genetics

The ABHA’s first online semen and embryo source.

BUY SEMEN ONLINE AT JOBULLSGENETICS.COM

Brock Johansen • (435) 749-1543 www.jobullsgenetics.com bjohansen@emerytelcom.com

JO DOMINO 0832

BD: 01/22/20 | REG. # HB017331 TATTOO: 0832 | 88.25% HB

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate JN BULLSEYE JO D411 x JO 423 DOMINO 832 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

80 718 676 1 0.02 55.18 84.84 22.22 50 -0.13 0.78 HOMOZYGOUS BLACK /HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - This could be the first major semen bull of the ABHA. We are working on deals with the semen barns, but will continue to sell semen until a deal is executed. He has SHF Rib Eye M326 R117, CJH Harland 408, and UPS Domino 3027 (all famous ABS bulls) in his pedigree, along with the best in Black Hereford genetics. He is homozygous black and homozygous polled. We have sold over 3,000 units of semen in his first six months of production.

JO WARHEAD 0612 BD: 06/02/20 | REG. # HB017308 TATTOO: 0612 | 84.275% HB

$40 Straw/$50 Certificate JO ATOMIC 8008 x JO 305 LIGHTNING 612 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

79 746 703 3.02 -1.32 44.21 80.26 25.48 48 0.32 0.22 HOMOZYGOUS BLACK /HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - We are really excited about this bull. He is one of the earliest maturing bull we have produced. We collected him at 11 months. He weaned at 746 lbs., at 106% and had a 1,167 adjusted yearling weight at 110%. His mother is a dam of distinction and he is out of the ABHA 18 The American Hereford Fall 2021 flagship bull Black Jo Atomic 8008. We will be selling a limited number of 150 straws on this bull this year, so call quickly.


Jo Bulls Genetics

The ABHA’s first online semen and embryo source.

BUY SEMEN ONLINE AT JOBULLSGENETICS.COM

Brock Johansen • (435) 749-1543 www.jobullsgenetics.com bjohansen@emerytelcom.com Over 350 Registered Progeny We have exportable

JO BLACK JACK 4217

BD: 06/29/14 | REG. # HB005721 TATTOO: 4217 | 88.5% HB

$20 Straw/$50 Certificate JO EMPIRE Z631 x JO LADY CLASSIC 217 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

76 629 3.3 -3.46 30.17 55.24 28.05 43 -0.18 -1.11 HOMOZYGOUS BLACK /HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - Black Jack is probably the most well-known bull in the

ABHA, and for good reason. He has over 300 registered progeny in the ABHA, but he has been used extensively in commercial herds. We have commercial breeders that come back year after year to breed 60 to 100 heifers to him. I have never heard of a calving issue with a Black Jack calf. Black Jack ranks in the top 3% for Calving Ease and low Birth Weight and has 82% accuracy. His progeny have done really well at shows all across the U.S. We have received more compliments on his daughters than any other bull, and we have used three sons of his in our herd. We have exportable semen on Black Jack and have semen in Canada at Alta Genetics. I believe that Black Jack will be talked about as one of the foundation bulls of the ABHA for years to come.

Over 200 Registered Progeny

JN BULLSEYE JO D411 BD: 02/18/16 | REG. # HB009182 TATTOO: D411 | 88.5% HB

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate JN BALDER B251 x JN BALDEE A411 ET ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

75 8.04 -6.58 43.53 70.74 20.74 43 -0.05 0.8 HOMOZYGOUS BLACK - Bullseye is one of the most eye-appealing bulls we have ever owned. He is the definition of easy fleshing. Bullseye has a 94.4% BWR on 194 calves, and ranks in the top 1% of the ABHA. We are often told that his bull calves are our most consistent group. He was the high selling bull at J&N with ¾ interest selling for $19,000.00. 2021 expectations. The American Hereford We enjoy showing this bull in person, because he always exceeds theFall viewer’s (Owned Black with J&N Ranch). 19


Jo Bulls Genetics

The ABHA’s first online semen and embryo source.

BUY SEMEN ONLINE AT JOBULLSGENETICS.COM

Brock Johansen • (435) 749-1543 www.jobullsgenetics.com bjohansen@emerytelcom.com

Over 100 Registered Progeny

JO DARK VADAR 7B ET

BD: 07/14/16 | REG. # HB010939 TATTOO: 7B | 85.3% HB

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate JO LIGHTNING A923 x JO LADY CLASSIC 217 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

85 700 1149 -0.71 0.38 42.03 75.94 28.77 50 0.02 -0.36 HOMOZYGOUS BLACK /HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - Vadar is a pure beef bull, and his calves flat out grow. He is our most consistent son out of the famous Jo Lightning A923 bull that was the high seller at J&N Ranch’s 2014 Sale. His mother is our famous 217 cow. Last year his bull calves were our first group to sell out. His daughters are moderate with perfect udders. If you need to add growth to your herd, then Vadar is the bull for you. He ranks in the top 6% of the ABHA for weaning weights and top 1% for yearling weights.

JO JACK HAMMER 7D ET BD: 12/10/2016 | REG. # HB010938 TATTOO: 7D | 81.5% HB

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate JO BLACK JACK 4217 x JO FINAL ANSWER TUNDRA 344 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

75 655 1063 3.73 -1.43 38.15 67.65 27.46 47 -0.47 0.3 HOMOZYGOUS BLACK /HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - This bull has the widest top of any bull we have seen in the ABHA. He also has a deep flank. You can always tell a Hammer calf, because they will be the thickest bull in the pen. He is out of our famous Jo Final Answer Tundra 344 cow and Black Jack. If you want to create cattle that can 20 The Black Hereford Fall 2021 winAmerican in the show ring, or that will push the scales down, then Hammer is your bull. (Owned with Snake Creek Ranch).


Jo Bulls Genetics

The ABHA’s first online semen and embryo source.

BUY SEMEN ONLINE AT JOBULLSGENETICS.COM

Brock Johansen • (435) 749-1543 www.jobullsgenetics.com bjohansen@emerytelcom.com JO BIG KAHUNA 8217

BD: 12/05/17 | REG. # HB012549 | TATTOO: 8217 | 84.5% HB

JO BLACK TRUST 5123 x JO LADY CLASSIC 217 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

83

708

1124

-0.17

0.75

40.85

62.07

30.37

51

-0.05

0.89

HOMOZYGOUS BLACK/HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - The Big Kahuna is just what his name implies, he is big and long. If you like NJW 73S M326 Trust 100W ET, then here is your chance to use him in a homozygous black and homozygous polled package. His heifers may be our favorite heifer group ever. They are long and deep.

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate JN BALDER C245

Over 98 Registered Progeny

BD: 04/02/15 | REG. # HB007552 | TATTOO: C245 | 88% HB

JN BALDER A472 ET x JN BALDEE 1245 ACT BW

ACT WW

89

763

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

0.41

0.35

43.99

63.69

23.5

45

0.32

-0.32

HOMOZYGOUS BLACK - C245 is massive and as long as a train. He passes this on to his progeny. If you need to add maternal traits to your cow herd, then this is the bull to use. He is out of the famous Harland and P606 red Hereford sires, and produces females that are functional and really milk. (Owned with J&N Ranch, Rancho Moreno, LLC, and Crescent Hill Black Hereford).

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate JO WARRIOR JACK 8653

BD: 05/12/18 | REG. #HB012625 | TATTOO: 8653 | 87.5% HB

JO BLACK JACK 4217 x JO 330 LADY MO CLASS 653 ACT BW

ACT WW

79

687

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

-1.41

0.77

43.81

70.04

25.31

47

-0.26

0.18

HOMOZYGOUS BLACK/ HOMOZYGOUS POLLED This is the bull we are using for low birth weight on our Bullseye heifers. His mother has 3 progeny at 114% WWR. He is out of our famous 680 bull and Black Jack, so he produces very traditional looking calves. Owned with Azure Valley Black Herefords, LLC

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate Over 140 Registered Progeny

JO EMPIRE Z631

BD: 02/19/12 | REG. # HB003365 TATTOO: Z631 | 81.3% HB

JN BALDER 9405 x JN BALDEE 631 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

88

546

985

0.1

-1.29

31.85

60.99

25.14

41

0.41

2.27

HOMOZYGOUS BLACK - If you have ever seen an Empire daughter,

then you will know why he has been so heavily used across the ABHA. He has produced many famous herd sires, including Black Jack. We still have limited amounts of his semen. His bull calves are built like the commercial rancher likes.

$20 Straw/$50 Certificate

Fall 2021

The American Black Hereford

21


Jo Bulls Genetics

The ABHA’s first online semen and embryo source.

BUY SEMEN ONLINE AT JOBULLSGENETICS.COM

Brock Johansen • (435) 749-1543 www.jobullsgenetics.com bjohansen@emerytelcom.com ONE STEP: If you were thinking of using famous red Hereford bulls in your program, we have direct sons that will save you a generation. Contact us to see what other genetics are available.

JO PERFECT TEN 7128

JO BLACK TRUST 5123

BD: 02/10/17 | REG. # HB011022 | TATTOO: 7128 | 75% HB

BD: 02/03/15 | REG. # HB007222 | TATTOO: 5123 | 75% HB

NJW 78P TWENTYTWELVE 190Z ET x JO LADY HYBRID 1128

NJW 73S M326 TRUST 100W ET x JO LADY HYBRID 1123 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

89

676

1137

0.87

-0.96

25.87

53.02

33.02

46

0.46

2.67

The Direct son of NJW 73S M326 Trust 100W ET.

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate

ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

92

639

1161

-3.5

2.39

43.36

77.56

27.03

49

0.28

-0.21

HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - Direct son of NJW 78P Twentytwelve 190Z ET (he scored a perfect 10 on daily gain on his DNA test). $25 Straw/$50 Certificate

JO HOMEGROWN 9325

JO LAUNCH PAD 7017

BD: 02/05/19 | REG. # HB014740 | TATTOO: 9325 | 87% HB

BD: 02/08/17 | REG. # HB011014 | TATTOO: 7017 | 83.5% HB

NJW 73S W18 HOMEGROWN 8Y ET x JO LADY EVO EASE BOOM 325

DPH LH BF LAUNCH 1310 ET x BAR Z GRAND 644 ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

77

606

1147

4.22

-2.53

30.08

62.59

23.11

38

0.78

-0.85

82

726

1155

-0.75

0.99

51.08

87.76

21.35

47

-0.02

-0.46

HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - Direct son of DPH LH BF Launch 1310 ET and grandson of CRR 719 Catapult 109.

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate

Direct son of

NJW 73S W18 Homegrown 8Y ET

$25 Straw/$50 Certificate

JO TNT VICTOR 719 9712

JO LEADER 9229

BD: 02/07/19 | REG. # HB014735 | TATTOO: 9229 | 75% HB

BD: 02/02/19 | REG. # HB014782 | TATTOO: 9712 | 91% HB

R LEADER 6964 x JO LADY HYBRID 1229

TH 122 71I VICTOR 719T x JO 956 STRIKING LADY 712

ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

83

678

1081

0.23

0.53

48

80.13

26.29

50

0.95

0.14

HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - Direct son of R Leader 6964.

22 American Black $25The Straw/$50 Certifi cateHereford

Fall 2021

ACT BW

ACT WW

ADJ WW

CED

BW

WW

YW

MK

TM

SC

CEM

82

667

1106

4.94

-0.97

54.16

84.32

30.05

57

0.38

-1.31

HOMOZYGOUS POLLED - Direct son of TH 122 71l Victor 719T. $25 Straw/$50 Certificate


Mountain Fork

HEREFORD FARM

Registered Black Hereford & Registered Polled Hereford

MFHF HIGH NOON 1804

Find us on Facebook

HEIFERS AND YEARLING BULLS FOR SALE PRIVATE TREATY

JN BALDER C193 X JN BALDEE 1102

HOMOZYGOUS BLACK HOMOZYGOUS POLLED REG#: HB012240 DOB: 3/18/2018

1804 OFFSPRING

CED 2.98

BW 2.34

RICHARD & EARLENE BOONE

3341 West Rodeo Crossing | Natural Dam, AR 72948

WW 49.06

YW 81.31

MK 18.60

TM 43

479-650-8906  479-414-7718

earleneboone@aol.com  rboone8900@aol.com

www.mountainforkherefordfarm.com Fall 2021

The American Black Hereford

23


INTRODUCING

Sooner 9115 $50/straw ate $50/certific

Semen available through Sire Buyer or contact Rancho Moreno ACT BW 87

ADJ WW 693

#HB018133

ADJ YW 1265

CED -0.99

BW 2.73

DOB: 12/22/2019

WW YW 48.95 79.19

75%

MK 18.49

TM 43

SC 0

CEM -0.41

Approved Herd Sire

*Impeccable structure and feet *Great Testicles & Masculinity *Incredible cow family *Top 1% in YW 1265 REMITAL ONLINE 122L {IEF, HYF, DLF} DM LQ DOMINETTE 901 {IEF, HYF, DLF}

DM BR SOONER {IEF, HYF, DLF}

ILR 1L SOONER 6119 ET {IEF, HYF, DLF, MSUDF}

REMITALL BOOMER 46B {IEF, HYF, DLF} PW VICTORIA 964 8114 {IEF, HYF, DLF}

DJB 46B BETH 1L {IEF, HYF, DLF} H/TSR/CHEZ/FULL THROTTLE ET {IEF, HYF, DLF}

ILR FULL THROTTLE LADY 5200 ET LIMESTONE ARKDALE PRIDE U184

H WCC/WB 668 WYARNO 9500 ET R SWEET RED WINE 039 SB C LOOKOUT 7024 WK ARKDALE PRIDE 255

SPRINGFIELD, MISSOURI

24 The American Black Hereford

Fall 2021

CALEB & JACOB MORENO (417) 496-5338 RMBLACKHEREFORDS.COM


CM 1807 HARD ROCKER

86.5% black hereford homo polled

REG# HB013955 View our bulls & semen at: WWW.MARKNUELLEFARMS.COM

BW 2.61

WW 47.66

YW 76.97

MK 18.91

TM 43

MARK NUELLE FARMS • Higginsville, MO 64037 Mark’s Cell: 660-238-3207 • nuelle@ctcis.net

The Home of 8622

Approved Herd Sire

AM-DD-IE-NH & MSUD FREE HOMO-BLACK HOMO POLLED Semen: $30/straw plus shipping

SELBY FARMS

481 SELBY BRANCH ROAD · RUSSELL SPRINGS, KY 42642

Darrell Selby: 270-566-2624  Alex Selby: 270-566-8303  Email: selby@duo-county.com Fall 2021

The American Black Hereford

25


KT Polled Black Herefords

great disposition heterosis

• fertility • longevity

• feed efficiency

Gordon, Nebraska Tim & Kim Campbell – 308-760-2580 tkcattle@yahoo.com

26 The American Black Hereford

Fall 2021


HFL

FULL THROTTLE

012

May 25, 2020 Purebred Black Hereford 90.5% HB017935 Sire: JN BALDER D311 x Dam: BAR S LHF 0104 MISS 513 789 BW

WW

MM

TM

SC

YW

-0.03

39.20

24.79

44.39

0.16

68.62

Full Throttle is the kind of bull that truly does it all, an unbelievable phenotype, backed by powerful performance and top maternal cow families on the bottom side of his pedigree. He make the kind of females that you want to keep and add pounds to any program, and as a bonus, he can safely be used on heifers.

Act. BW 72

Act. WW

Act. YW

650

1103

$30/ unit $30/ certificate Free shipping on orders of 30 units or more

HAMILTON FAMILY LIVESTOCK Tyler Hamilton 618-567-4339 Fall 2021

The American Black Hereford

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28 The American Black Hereford

Fall 2021


New Members New Annual Members Alabama

Battle Farms Steve & Rena Battle 366 Battle Road Luverne, AL 36049 battelsteve.sb@gmail.com 334-504-1429 Arkansas

L&M Farm Lonny Aikins 13607 Old Locke Road Mountainburg, AR 72946 aikinslonny@yahoo.com 479-222-5151 California

Thacker Ranch Angus Partners Verne Thacker 3150 Wild Oak Road Lompoe, CA 93436 vct@villagevet.us

Illinois

BNM Livestock Ben Julian 3609 Drexelius Lane Bethalto, IL 62010 bandmlivestock618@gmail.com 618-779-9947 PSLX Farms Ty & Caleb Unger 506 3rd St. Lincoln, IL 62656 tydunger@gmail.com 217-737-9767 Missouri

7 Star Ranch Tim & Fern Porter PO Box 178 Carl Junction, MO 64834 7starranchherefords@gmail.com

AHA Black Herefords Andrew, Autumn & Harper Scheulen 508 South Poplar St. Chamois, MO 65024 aascheulen@gmail.com

Tennessee

Pine Row Farm John Underhill 1015 Jump Off Rd. Bon Aqua, TN 37025 Texas

Seven Springs Ranch Cody & Elizabeth Fletcher 24710 Lawrence 2175 Marionville, MO 65708 417-839-4602 T&C Registered Black Hereford Crystal Wilson & Terry Eyrtel 14803 CR 2130 Rolla, MO 65401 ibcrazy8@gmail.com

Seelbach Ranch Wayne Seelbach 4812 St. Hwy. 64W Henderson, TX 75652 jwseelbach@gmail.com 281-660-8942 Tommy Wright Ranch Tommy Wright PO Box 297 Sterling City, TX 76951 TGC0608@AOL.COM tleewright67@aol.com

HUMANE • BLOODLESS • DRUG FREE

10324 West US 36 Ÿ Modoc, IN 47358

PH: 765-853-1246 FAX: 765-853-5886 EMAIL: gro-tec@hotmail.com www.gro-tec.com

A World-Wide Leader in Nutritionally Balanced Feed Ingredients for Livestock, Poultry and Pets Featuring Livestock Premixes and Cattle Mineral

Getting the job Built-in Cutter Self-locking Loop done since 1991

Tensioned Loop for Newborns

785-332-3344

Callicrate Banders.com Fall 2021

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29


Junior Corner By Laken Troup, Junior President & ABHA Queen Leaving a legacy, We all strive to leave behind an impact, something to show what we have done and who we have impacted. As breeders we strive to leave an impact on the cattle industry. Where did we change the course of feeding the world? I hope that each time you see our youth you see more than a young kid leading a calf or working with cattle. I hope above all you see the impact that came from time and dedication put into this child. When questioning as cattlemen what we have done, we have a finished product of more than just beef and breeding stock, we have high quality youth that will change the world and continue to break barriers as we push to grow this breed of ours. Thank you to everyone for their support for our youth to make an impact. We hope to see each one of you at the American Royal. Stay tuned for upcoming news and events from your AJBHA Board of Directors because we have big plans to serve our members to the fullest. ABHA

AJBHA Board of Directors My name is Laken Troup, I currently serve as the ABHA Queen and the AJBHA President. I come from Daisy Lee Farms in Northwest Florida where I am a Senior at Jay High School. I am a first-generation farmer who started life on Pensacola Beach. Since we have moved, I have taken every agricultural opportunity possible. I have been honored to become an AGvocate through FFA, where I serve as the Jay FFA President and the Florida FFA District 1 President, as well as the AJBHA where I have served in a crown and sash as well as on the Board of Directors where I have served for 3 years. My future plans include screening for Florida FFA State Office, attending the University of Florida for my undergraduate, then attending Auburn University to be a Large Animal Veterinarian. My future plans revolve solely around both my passions for agriculture and my passion for serving others to the best of my ability. My time in the agricultural industry has allowed me to make an impact in my community to help continue to represent agriculture and this amazing breed of ours. I would like to thank each of you for having the faith in me to allow me to serve both you and your children as unapologetically myself while growing as I go. I am beyond excited for the abundance of opportunities we have in store for our youth and are so grateful for each of our supporters. This breed impacted my life and because of one phone call with a breeder, I have become part of the ABHA and AJBHA family which will always hold a special place in my heart.

30 The American Black Hereford

Fall 2021


Junior Corner

Hi y’all I’m Kenadi Rumble and I’m the 2021-22 AJBHA Vice President! I come to you from the great state of Indiana where I’ve been a part of the American Black Hereford Association and the Junior Association for the past seven years. When I’m not in the barn working calves or at a show, you’ll find me at work as a Registered Nurse!

Shyann Smith is the 19 year old daughter of Heather and Jeremy Smith, Lawrenceburg, TN. Shyann is a freshman at Columbia State Community College, majoring in Agribusiness. She is very excited to be representing as the Public Relations Officer for the AJBHA this year. She says she is blessed to have the opportunity to be part of such a wonderful organization and will advocate to get others involved in the AJBHA.

Hey everybody I’m Kolten Jenkins from the Dale Indiana. I’m currently the secretary for the AJBHA , and have enjoyed being able to be on the jr. board for several years. I have a lot of hobbies and passions I spend my time on like hunting shooting and working on the farm, but watching us grow as an organization every year would have to be a favorite passion of mine. I look forward to seeing everybody in the upcoming events and spending time with my ABHA family.

My name is Tenley Shannon and I am from Lawrence County, Tennessee. My dad was a Marine, so I’ve lived in several different states over the course of my life. I am currently to 2021-2022 Princess for the AJBHA and the Treasurer for the AJBHA Board. I have been a member of the Junior Black Herefords for two years now but have a background in commercial cattle. We like Black Herefords because we have seen what a homozygous black and polled bull can do to a commercial herd. I am thankful to be serving you all and will work as hard as possible to ensure we are committed to excellence in everything we do. Fall 2021

The American Black Hereford

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The Random Shuffle of Genes: Putting the E in EPD Jared Decker, Associate Professor, Animal Sciences

E

ven though expected progeny differences (EPDs) have been used by the beef industry for more than 40 years, many misconceptions still exist. Occasionally we will hear a producer say something like, “I bred my cows to a low birth weight bull, but I had a couple of large calves.” What the producer does not realize is that this is to be expected based on the inheritance of complex or continuous traits. Let’s look at this more closely.

A calf inherits about 50 percent of its DNA from its sire, with the other 50 percent coming from its dam. Each sperm that is produced by a sire is a random sample of that sire’s chromosomes and genes. Cattle have 30 pairs of chromosomes. So, when a sperm is produced, it is similar to flipping 30 coins. If we label the chromosomes the sire inherited from his father as blue/paternal and the chromosomes inherited from his mother as pink/maternal, there are 1,073,741,824 possible combinations of the sire’s paternal and maternal chromosomes (Figure 1). And this number ignores the swapping of parts between paternal and maternal chromosomes in a biological process called recombination. So, the number of possible chromosome combinations is in the billions! We often state this as progeny receive a random sample of the sire’s genes, and with billions of possible combinations no two sperm are exactly alike (the same is true for eggs produced by the dam). Think for a moment about your favorite set of full siblings (brothers or sisters with the same parents). Perhaps this is the celebrity family with a reality television show, your brothers and sisters, your children, or your favorite set of embryo flush mate calves. The dissimilarity between these siblings may be striking, for example, one may be short and the other tall, one may have light hair and the other dark hair, or one may be laid-back and the other excitable. The similarities between siblings are due to shared environment and shared genes. The dissimilarities between siblings are due to differences in environment and genes which are not shared. Siblings share 50 percent of their DNA on average, but in humans this can vary from about 40 percent to 60 percent (see figure 1 in PLOS Genetics article(opens in new window)). Because their genomes are similar in size, we can expect a similar distribution of shared genes in cattle. The sharing of genes between siblings (except identical twins) is due to the random segregation and shuffling of genes during the formation of sperm and eggs.

Figure 1. Illustration of the shuffling of chromosomes that occurs during sperm formation. The first column represents the bull’s two sets of chromosomes. Chromosomes inherited from the bull’s sire are in blue. Chromosomes from the bull’s dam are in pink. The other columns depict possible combinations of paternal and maternal chromosomes in individual sperm cells. There are more than 1 billion possible combinations. 32 The American Black Hereford

Fall 2021

If we assume random mating and that the parents are unrelated, we can show mathematically that the breeding value variation (i.e., EPD variation) observed between a set of full siblings (calves with the same parents) will be half of the breeding value variation observed in the population. Even if our assumptions about random mating and unrelated parents do not hold up in real populations of cattle, the variation between full siblings will still be quite substantial. Research in Brown Swiss, Holstein and Jersey dairy cattle provides evidence that the variation between full siblings is very close to, if not greater than, one half of the population’s genetic variance (the variation in EPDs or breeding values, see article in Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics(opens in new window)). The EPDs reported by breed associations can be thought of as one half of the sire’s breeding value plus one half of the dam’s breeding value plus the Mendelian sampling term (EPD_ calf=1/2 EPD_sire+1/2 EPD_dam+Mendelian Sampling). The Mendelian sampling term represents a calf ’s difference from the average of the parent’s breeding values. This difference is due to the random sample of genes and chromosomes that the calf inherited. When a calf is born, we have no data, so we assume this Mendelian sampling term is zero and the EPD is reported as the parent average. As we gain more data about the calf and the calf ’s eventual progeny, we are better able to estimate this Mendelian sampling term and the EPD accuracy increases and the EPD estimate either increases or decreases. Unfortunately, in the past embryo transfer flush mates have been


marketed by some seedstock producers as containing identical genetics. The only cattle that share identical genetics are identical twins and clones (but even clones do not share short segments of DNA, i.e., mitochondrial DNA). Because birth weight and weaning weight data from embryo transfer calves are not typically used in national cattle evaluation (as the calves are reared by recipient dams not the biological dam), the flush mates have identical EPD profiles early in life. These EPD predictions remain identical until data on the flush mates’ progeny is recorded. These identical EPD profiles are simply the parent average EPDs. Like all parent average EPDs, these EPDs are not precise (reported as EPD accuracy) because the EPD estimation equations do not have data to predict the gene variants inherited from the sire and dam. In other words, without data the EPD equations are not able to predict the Mendelian sampling term, the random set of genes inherited as a result of gene segregation and shuffle. Traditionally, EPDs for flush mates have not changed until data about the progeny of the flush mates were recorded. With new genomic technology the Mendelian sampling term can now be estimated for flush mates and other progeny. Genetic tests that provide genotypes on thousands of DNA variants enable an estimation of which set of genes an animal actually inherited. Genomic testing provides an estimate of the Mendelian sampling term and the genetic merit associated with the inherited variants. This information is then combined with the traditional pedigree EPDs to produce more reliable genomic-enhanced EPDs. In a roundabout way, this technology is tracking which bits of the sire’s and dam’s chromosomes were inherited. In a slightly different approach used by the dairy breeds and by the Santa Gertrudis beef breed, the pedigree relationship information used to calculate EPDs is supplemented with genomic relationship information. Shared DNA variants are used to estimate how closely related two animals are, in other words their genomic relationship. This procedure can tell whether a calf is more closely related to its paternal grandsire or its paternal granddam, thus tracking the inheritance of the sire’s chromosomes and identifying the Mendelian sampling term. See Figure 2 for an example based on real world data. Based on averages, we would expect a calf to share 25 Pedigree-based versus genomic-based relationships of its genes with any of its grandparents. But, due to the random shuffle of genes and chromosomes, this percent can vary greatly. Whether genomic data is used to produce a genomic prediction or supplement the relationship estimates, both of these approaches increase the accuracy of the EPD as they provide data that allows the Mendelian sampling term to be estimated. It is important to remember that EPD stands for expected progeny difference. Expected refers to a statistical expectation, which means a prediction or average. Thus an EPD is the predicted average difference between a sire’s calves and the EPD base. EPDs predict averages, because for a large group of calves the Mendelian sample term approaches zero. An individual calf can have a very different genetic merit from the sire (a large Mendelian sample term) due to the random sample of genes it inherited. In conclusion, a calf shares 50 percent of its DNA with its sire and 50 percent of its DNA with its dam. On average, two full siblings also share 50 percent of their DNA. But, which DNA variants are shared between a parent and a calf or two full sibling calves at birth is unknown. Because of this parent average EPDs are used for young calves. It is only when more data are collected that we are able to estimate this random sample of genes

Figure 2. Pedigree-based versus genomic-based relationships. Based on the pedigree, we would expect the bull at the bottom of the figure to share 25 percent of his genes with his paternal grandsire (orange chromosome pair) and his maternal grandsire (green chromosome pair). But, when we calculate the actual percentage of shared genes, he shares 25.8 percent of his genes with his paternal grandsire and 15.4 percent with his maternal grandsire. Based on actual data from a popular AI sire. (i.e., the Mendelian sampling term). Genomics provides information that enables the Mendelian sampling term to be estimated. Genomic-enhanced EPDs use DNA information to estimate the random sample of genes inherited from the parents and result in more accurate and reliable EPDs for young animals. The random shuffle of genes and chromosomes puts the expected in EPDs. ABHA

Fall 2021

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BREEDER DIRECTORY

ALABAMA

COLORADO

Black Dragon CATTLE COMPANY

Wild Rose

Registered Black Herefords, Elevated

Logan & Jennifer Hill · 970-629-8807 Rangely, CO Black www.blackdragoncattle.com Dragon dragoncattle@gmail.com Cattle

Flying Diamond K Ranch

ARKANSAS

Ft. Collins, CO

“Gems of the Rockies”

Basin Creek Farm REGISTERED BLACK HEREFORDS

John & Phyllis Jackson

FDK BLACK DIAMOND SELB The ABHA Bull that has it all.

Conventional & Sexed Semen International Certification 96.5% Embryos Available

KEN PADILLA 970-204-1000 ken-padilla@comcast.net

2694 Gourdneck Valley Road Malvern, AR 72104

REG# HB009240

501-844-7167 501-844-7168 jackson2503@yahoo.com

basincreekfarm.com

IDAHO

Mark and Becky Ipsen Dingle, ID 83233 (208) 681-4794

Annual Internet Production Sale -1st Tuesday in March. Visit IPSENCATTLE.COM for more information.

34 The American Black Hereford

Fall 2021


BREEDER DIRECTORY

MISSOURI

INDIANA

Heifers and Bulls For Sale Private Treaty u

Brian, Sharon Gilham & Family Sullivan, Indiana 812-564-2486

Legendary Livestock Black Hereford

KENTUCKY

OKLAHOMA

sweet T farm

Lexington, OK Registered Black Herefords - Bulls & Heifers

Pete & Gayla Szak Cynthiana, KY 859-684-1509

JOHNNY & CAROL McWHIRTER

OPEN & BRED FEMALES ALWAYS AVAILABLE

LOUISIANA

Office: 405-527-1513 Cell: 405-249-6925 or 405-249-8643 JLBM6@AOL.COM

Call or email today to get your business card in the next issue for as low as $50 per issue!

NICK & KELLI HERRINGTON 318-282-0453 h5blackherefords.com Bonita, B t herringtonfarms@gmail.com

CLAY BANK RANCH

LLouisiana

Call Leanna McGuire at 937-248-4119 or Carey Brown at 859-948-1256 or email lmcguireabha@gmail.com

Fall 2021

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BREEDER DIRECTORY

TEXAS

TEXAS

Lori Makarski Cavitt, MS, DVM, cVMA Justin Cavitt, MS, DVM Henderson, TX 903-657-9212 • www.hendersonanimalcaretx.com

BRYAN VALDEZ 830-480-9513

PETER VALDEZ 210-834-2835

DOUBLE V BLACK HEREFORDS 1725 Vaness RD. Poteet, TX 78065 MAIL@DOUBLEVBLACKHEREFORDS.COM WWW.DOUBLEVBLACKHEREFORDS.COM

Call or email today to get your business card in the next issue for as low as $50 per issue! Call Leanna McGuire at 937-248-4119 or Carey Brown at 859-948-1256 or email lmcguireabha@gmail.com

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Upcoming Events October 2021

October 5 Triple T Farms Fall Online Sale October 7 A Royal Affair, Wagstaff Arena, Kansas City, MO October 7 ABHA Annual Meeting & Dinner, Kansas City, MO October 8 J & N Ranch Fall Production Sale, Leavenworth, KS, See ad on pg. 5 October 9 American Royal American Black Hereford Show, Kansas City, MO October 30 Tennessee Black Hereford Association 2021 Fall Production Sale, Ron Ramsey Regional Ag Center, Blountville, TN

October 2021

November 6 Central States Sale

March 2022

March 3-6 KY Beef Expo Black Hereford Sale, Louisville Expo Center, Louisville, KY March 19 Triple T Farms 8th Annual Black is the Color Production Sale

April 2022

April 1 Southern Classic Sale 2022, Rusk Countyt Expo Center, Henderson, TX

Have a date you would like added to the Calendar? Contact cbrownabha@gmail.com to get it added.

Join the American Black Hereford Association Now!

Membership Fees: Life Membership fee is $1,000 Annual Membership Fee $100 per year (Jan. 1 - Dec. 31)

New annual memberships are prorated based on quarter joined

Junior Membership Fee $25 per year (Jan. 1 - Dec. 31)

of the Association as Amended or Modified from time to time. Application is hereby made for membership (Life, Annual or Junior) in the American Black Hereford Association.It is requested that the Membership be entered as follows:

Junior memberships are available to persons under 21 years of age and junior membership privileges expire at age 21.

__________________________________________________________ (Individual, Farm, Ranch, Partnership, etc.) __________________________________________________________ When you have completed the application, send it with the proper fee to Owner’s Name the Association at: PO Box 857, Platte City, MO 64079 __________________________________________________________ Mailing Address Membership Privileges: __________________________ ________ ________ - ________ 1. Only Life and Annual Members of the Association are eligible to City State Zip register cattle in the American Black Hereford Registry. __________________________ _____________________________ 2. Each Life and Annual Member shall have one (1) vote per animal Home Phone # Cell Phone # registered with the Association. Life and Annual Members may __________________________ _____________________________ not vote by absentee ballot. Business Phone # Fax # 3. Each Life, Annual and Junior Member will be informed by Association __________________________ _____________________________ mailings on a routine basis of important matters for both the Email Website (if you want it linked to ABHA) members and the ABHA. ________________________________________________ Birth Date - For Junior Members Only Upon becoming a member and, in consideration of acceptance, I/we ___________________________________ ___________________ agree to conform to and abide by the By-Laws, Rules and Regulations Signature Date Fall 2021

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Advertiser Index Bacica Farms 13, 36 Basin Creek Farm 34 Black Dragon Cattle Co. 34 Burton Cattle Company 35 Call Me Back Farms 34 Central Life Sciences Altosid IGR 3 Double V Black Herefords 36 Flying Diamond K 3, 34 Gro-Tec Inc. 29 Ground Zero Farms 14, 15, 40 H5 Ranch 35 Hamilton Family Livestock 27 Henderson Animal Care Hospital 36 Ipsen Cattle Company 34

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JL Legacy Black Hereford 35 Jo Bulls 16-22 KT Polled Herefords 26 Legendary Livestock 35 Mark Nuelle Farms 25, 35 Moreno Cattle 24 Mountain Fork Hereford Farm 23, 34 No Bull 29 Peaceful Valley Ranch 34 Selby Farms 25 Smith Black Herefords 28 South Ark Cattle Co. 34 Southern Classic 7 Sweet T Farms 35


UPCOMING EVENTS/SHOWS OPEN SHOWS

THE NORTH AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION (NAILE) NOVEMBER 2-18, 2021 LOUISVILLE, KY BLACK HEREFORD OPEN SHOW - NOV. 18 CATTLEMEN’S CONGRESS JANUARY 1-16, 2022 OKLAHOMA CITY, OK BLACK HEREFORD OPEN SHOW - JAN. 3

VISIT BLACKHEREFORD.ORG FOR MORE INFORMATION

See you at the SHOW! Fall 2021

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Where Champions

are Born

BULLS & HEIFERS FOR SALE AT THE RANCH GROUND ZERO FARMS

Rod Garman, Owner (479) 957-2068 62101 South 4680 Rd., Watts, OK 74964 WWW.GROUNDZEROFARMS.COM

40 The American Black Hereford

Fall 2021

Profile for The American Black Hereford

The American Black Hereford - Fall 2021  

The American Black Hereford - Fall 2021  

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